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VOLUME 8.2- MARCH 1991 

Macintosh Public Domain.2 

Meeting Information.3 

Software Engineering.4 

Mac Murmurs.6 

iNIT Stories - Part 2. .....9 

DeskWriter Report.11 

Letters to the Editor.12 

Apple // Public Domain...14 

Apple //gs Public Domain.15 

The System Folder.16 

Word Troubles?.18 

Apple // Murmurs.20 

Where Was Woz at the AGM?.22 

What is Shrinklt?.23 

The Notice Board.26 

Group Information.Back Cover 


Macintosh Public Domain 

$8.00 each, or $5.00 if you bring your own disk. 

Please remember to format all disks you bring to have filled up at the meetings. 
This will save us a great deal of time. Thanks. 


This disk contains two Shareware games, Star ‘Roids - a highly addictive game, and Pararena 
- more complex, difficult to master quickly but very good. Both games are of exceptionally high 
quality for Shareware and I can throughly recommend them. 



LeOel: 1 

Ships: 5 








•4 . 




Scene from 

Star 'Roids 

Scene from 


- 2 - 

Meeting Information 

The next meeting of the Wellington Apple Users' Group will be on: 
Thursday, 28th March, 1991 
The meeting is at St Marys College, starting at 7pm 

The Doors will be open at 6.30pm to let people get together 

This meeting 

Apple // - Solutions to 
unsolved problems and 

Macintosh - Personalise 
mur Mac. Setup your Mac to 
reflect your personal 

Introduction to Mac 

Basics for all new Mac Users 


Notification of alternate dates 

The May meeting will be on Wednesday the 29th of May, 

The July meeting will be on Wednesday the 24th of July. 

Note: The April meeting on Thursday the 25th of April is also ANZAC Day! 

Software Engineering 

“Software Engineering Process Archaeology, An Overview” 

(Transcript of a lecture by Grant Money, D.S.A.) 

(Doctor of Software Archaeology) 

To trace the development of the Software Engineering Process, we must begin in the 
late Pleurassic period (so named because the air was very dense and it was hard to 
breathe.) It was during this period that violent geological upheavals brought to the 
earth’s surface large deposits of silicon and germanium crystals, and the first crude 
programs, barely more than undifferentiated collections of single-bit organisms such 
as the primitive kilobyte, crawled out of the sea and began to live and thrive on silicon. 
More complex forms, such as structures and arrays, began to evolve. 

It was during the Ice Ages of the Fortybeloic period, however, that programs began to 
thrive and multiply. Unlike the dinosaurs who preferred a warmer climate, software 
produced its own heat and operated better in a colder environment. However, in the 
warmer Kerocene epoch which followed, the competition between programs became 
more fierce, and the first carnivorous programs such as viruses began to develop. 
Parasitic organisms such as statistics gathering tools also evolved during this period. 

During these periods, thousands of strains of primitive programs evolved, thrived for 
a while, and died out. But it was not until the advent of the customer that programs 
began to assume the importance that they have today. The oldest known customer, 
Pithecanthropurchaser, was discovered at Olduvai Gorge by Dr. Louis B. Sneaky. 
Fossil remains and other evidence indicate that the Pithecanthropurchaser whose 
remains Dr. Sneaky discovered died while waiting for a customer service line to take 
him off hold. (Of course, the average life span of the Pithecanthropurchaser was only 
about 35 years, so this is not too surprising.) 

The next step in the evolution of software was the invention of the requirements 
document. Until the requirements document, programs were purchased without 
being expected to do anything specific, or in some cases because they had done 
something interesting and the purchaser hoped that they might do it again. There 
was, however, no clear perception that a certain input might result in a certain output. 
The first requirements document is believed to have been a gift from aliens who carved 
it on a large basalt block, as dramatized in the movie “2001.” 

The existence of requirement specs led purveyors of software to experiment with 
interbreeding of programs in order to produce desired characteristics. Gregor Mental, 
a monk, discovered that certain characteristics (such as Help Key Support) were 
recessive, but could be passed on to future generations of software. Thus a program 
with both the recessive help function and the dominant no help would not have help 
key support, but the offspring of two such programs would have one chance in four 
of having this characteristic. (What we would now call a feature.) 

Meanwhile, the first steps toward a Software Engineering Process Aggregation had 
been taken. The so-called “Midas" (or “Through the Goose”) model, popular during 

-4 - 

the Middle Ages and Early Renaissance, looked like this: 





\ : : 

. 1 


: ■ A ENG 




/ \ 

/ \ 

Customer | 


/ \ 0 / 




\ PLM |) 

MFG / 

Input | 

\ II 



\ 1 1 

W ./ ; 


As the diagram shows, this model allowed Engineering, PLM and Manufacturing to 
go round and round in circles, while Customer input went in one end and out the other 
without stopping. 

The next model, used throughout most of the 20th century, was the “Osmosis” model: 

CUSTOMER | | | | 

INPUT ->| PLM | R&D | Mfg |-> PRODUCT 

This model has the advantage, for the customer, that some of the customer’s 
requirements may, with some luck, filter through Into the product by a process 
similar to osmosis. 

But what, we may ask, is the model of the '90s and beyond? Predictions, of course, 
are dangerous, but many scientists now believe that the “Osmosis” model will be 
replaced by the so-called “Milli Vanilli" model (sometimes also referred to as the "Tom 
Sawyer” model) in which the customers actually produce the software themselves, 
and the producer sells it back to them at a profit. Naturally, this model presents great 
challenges to the marketing and sales organizations. 

Thus, to summarize, we see that the development of software engineering process has 
made considerable progress over the past few eons, and yet in the end we must 
conclude that it still makes very little sense. 

Thank you. Good night. 

Copyright (c) 1990 Patrick D. Scannell 

- 5 - 

Mac Murmurs 

by Cyril QWERTY 

From the Silly Department - Apple 
Corporation Sues Itself. 

In a move that has industrial analysts 
scratching their heads, Apple Computers has 
filed suit against Apple Computers 
Corporation. The company claims that Apple 
has violated the Look and Feel of their own 
machines which has helped to make the 
company famous. 

An Apple Spokesperson stated “This is no 
joke. If we don’t protect our copyrighted 
interface, everyone will use it and we could 
lose the exclusive right. So it is in our best 
interests to sue anyone who uses the 
Macintosh Look and Feel, including 
ourselves." The spokesperson says Apple 
has retained the prestigious LA law firm of 
Kukla, Fran and Ollie to spearhead the lawsuit. 
Apple’s in house lawyers will defend. 

Long time Apple observer Ernest Dinklefwat 
stated that this is a sure sign that Apple has 
too many lawyers and not enough engineers. 
“In the old days Apple depended on its talented 
engineers to keep ahead of the competition, 
but now they have lost the edge, as well as 
their grasp on reality." 

The industry will be sure to watch this case 
closely. If Apple wins the suit against itself, 

this could mean a massive recall of all 
Macintosh and Lisa computers which will 
need to be converted to avoid all graphics and 
desktop metaphors and instead provide a 
simple terminal-like interface. Such a move 
would cause a massive digression in the 
personal computer market. Users of 
computers would be forced to learn to read, 
which could cause dangerous literacy among 
college students and professionals. 

More & More Mac Connectivety 

NetWare Finally Getting Mac, UNIX Modules 

Novell recently announced that it had finally 
come through with a version of its network 
operating system that will allow DOS, 
Windows, Mac, OS/2, and UNIX computers 
to share information and resources 
transparently. The new release of NetWare 
386, scheduled to ship in late March or early 
April, is designed to reduce the skew that 
resulted from different versions of NetWare 
that supported each other and non-DOS 
platforms in varying degrees of kludginess. 

At the NetWorld show in Boston, Novell 
announced the NetWare Loadable Modules 
(NLM’s) needed to link disparate systems. 
The new NetWare, called 3.11, will let users 
install the modules they need to run Mac and 
UNIX clients with NetWare servers. 

Beta testers and other sources have indicated 
that NetWare for the Macintosh, an NLMthat 
integrates Mac desktops into the NetWare 
3.11 operating system, will ship in April for a 
20-user version at $US895 per server and in 
a 100-user version at $US1995 per server. 
The Mac NLM will support AppleTalk Phase 
1 and 2 and will let Mac users access NetWare 
resources through the Mac network client 

NetWare3.11, which a betatestersaid should 

- 6 - 

be available by April 1, will cost $US3495 for 
a 20- user version and $US6995 for the 100- 
user version. 

Hands up all those who missed It 

Apple Tweaks Mac Portable; Cuts Price 

Apple Computer has made a few adjustments 
to its Macintosh Portable and knocked 
$US1000 off the price. 

Apple has added backlighting to the Portable’s 
active matrix LCD. Backlighting makes the 
screen easier to read in a variety of lighting 
conditions, a company spokesperson said. 
Owners of the original model will be able to 
have a dealer install one of the new displays 
for a suggested price of $US1095. 

Rumour has it that the backlight reduces 
battery life from 12 hours to three. But Apple 
has done something intelligent and obvious 
— so obvious that I wonder why it isn’t 
widespread in the DOS world. The backlight 
has an off switch. So you get to control the 
trade off of legibility versus battery life. 

So that users will be able to run System 7.0 
when it arrives, Apple has raised the standard 
amount of RAM it puts in the Portable, now 
offering 2-MB and 4-MB models. 

The Macintosh Portable with 2 MB of RAM 
and a 40-MB hard disk is $US4t 99; with 4 MB 
of RAM and a 40-MB hard disk, $US4699. 
Mac users interviewed today said they think 
the price is still too high but that at least Apple 
is moving it in the right direction. Several Mac 
owners said that instead of considering buying 
a Portable, they’re waiting to seethe notebook- 
size computers expected from Apple later this 

And Cyril has heard that the New Zealand 
price of the existing portable has been reduced 
somewhat to enable CED to clean out its store 
ready for the new machine, so if you’ve been 
wanting a portable but found the price extra 
steep then contact your local dealer and see 

what he can offer - probably you’ll find that the 
price is now just steep. 

Wait till later in the year (at least) for the really 
‘new’ portables. 

Bubble Bubble ... Standards Trouble ? 

Last month we just squeezed in a Stop Press 
about Apples new printers. Well, we may not 
have mentioned one of them but for the 

Apple has announced the introduction of a 
low cost ink technology printer, to be known 
as the StyleWriter. It has a print resolution of 
360 dots per inch which is higher than that of 
the Apple laserwriters (that have a 300 dpi 
resolution) and its price is $US599I. This 
sounds like a significant breakthrough in price 
performance for Apple printers, so is it any 

Cyril has yet to get his hands on one (and may 
well have done so by the time you read this), 
but one of his sources (one whose opinion he 
actually trusts) is bowled over by its 
performance, and this from a cynical Mac 
watcher who has seen it all. Cyril would 
consider this a winner if it was as good (ie as 
easy to use, and of comparable quality) to the 
HP DeskWriter, yet this little StyleWriter 
promises more. Time will tell and keep 
watching here. 

The StyleWriter is a QuickDraw printer, NOT 
a postscript printer, thus it’s capabilities should 
be similar to the DeskWriter or Apple’s 
Personal LaserWriter SC. Cyril wonders if 
there will be a work-around for printing from 
Post Script programs such as Pagemaker, 
Freehand and Illustrator. 

Two comments -1.-What the NZ price will be 
is too early to predict. The DeskWriters are 
currently listed at approx $2200 plus GST but 
can usually be obtained for significantly less 
than this. Hopefully, the StyleWriter can be 
retailed for $1200 to $1500. (Do you remember 
that it wasn’t so long agothatthe Imagewriter 

- 7 - 

II was priced at $1795 + GST?) Given such a 
target price then the StyleWriter should give 
the DeskWriter a run for it’s money. Look for 
DeskWriter price reductions soon. 

2. Another resolution standard - 360 dpi. Just 
when you thought you had the print standard 
resolutions sussed, along comes this new 
number. Will the StyleWriter handle the 
existing outline font standards in a user 
transparent manner? le - will it be Type 1 font 
friendly and thus be compatible with the 
DeskWriter fonts and our new, indispensable 
friend, ATM? How will it fit in with the font 
handling system in Apple’s forthcoming (sic) 
System 7.0? 

All a bit early to say but bear in mind that the 
Mac has a screen resolution of 72 dpi, the 
Imagewriter II, 144 dpi, the Imagewriter LQ, 
(“the Imagewriter from Hell I" - Jean Louis 
Gassee), that of 288 dpi, all factors of 72. 
Surprise surprise, 360 dpi is a 5 x factor of 72 
dpi. Hummm, now I wonder how big the font 
will have to be to obtain BEST quality from the 
StyleWriter - a 5 x size? Oh no, just when you 
thought your System File could go on a diet. 

An interesting note: The StyleWriter is based 
on the Canon Bubble Jet printer engine. This 
uses sprayed ink technology that is different 
to the DeskWriter. The dots of ink are sprayed 
onto the paper after they have been 
superheated at the print head. For 
superheated read vaporised, thus when the 
dots hit the paper they solidify. Because the 
ink doesn’t have to flow through a nozzle, the 
chances are that it will not have to be as free 
flowing as the DekWriters ink and may not 
smudge like DeskWriter ink when it gets wet. 

Also announced (but not nearly as startling) is 
a new Apple personal laser to be known as 
the Personal Laser LS. This will replace the 
existing Personal LaserWriter NT and will use 
the same 4 ppm print engine (which is an 
excellent engine BTW) but be priced 
significantly lower? How low? Well $US1400 
low I if that’s low. Seems a bit high to Cyril and 

it may end up as successful as the Personal 
LaserWriter SC (which died a death) because 
GCC who have a SCSI 300 dpi laser that is 
similar to the new LC have just reduced their 
price to $US999. This could be a new area of 
hot competition, but probably won’t catch on 
in NZ where GCC isn’t strongly represented 
and the DeskWriter seems to be king of the 
300 dpi, non Postscript Mac printers. 

More news as it comes to hand. 

“New” Mac’s - the story so far... 

The ‘new Mac’s’ are coming on stream in 
increasing numbers. Depending on dealers 
circumstances and forward sales, supplies of 
the LC and Mono monitors are pretty good as 
is supply of Classic 2/40’s, but expect a long 
wait for a single drive Classic - like about 2 
months (at time of writing). 

The LC colour monitor is pretty neat, but in 
short supply, and Apple has announced that 
the LC colour output will drive VGA colour 
screens. A couple of caveats tho’ - VGA 
monitors vary considerably in their standards 
so one should check any potential VGA to LC 
hook up that one has in mind (BEFORE 
buying). Also, a custom cable needs to be 
made to match the LC output connector with 
the VGA input connector. Apple dealers have 
the pinouts. No doubt someone will get around 
to making these an ‘off the shelf item. 

If Cyril was to prepare a Hot and Not column 
(a la “Metro” magazine) then the LC would be 
number one on the Hot list. It’s a fairly good 
performer. Apple gave the Mac Plus a 
performance rating of 1.0. A standard Mac II 
was rated at 4.0, the LC weighs in at 3.8. Not 
bad, but stick in a co-processor and the 512K 
VRAM option and the ‘pizza box’ should reach 
or surpass the Mac II. in performance. 

In the Tail-Wags-Dog department rumours 
abound of an 040 board for the LC 

Also hot on the LC list is trend for 
manufacturers of add on LC boards to include 
continued on Page 25 

I NIT Stories - Part 2 

The basis of this article is from 
'INITInfo 4.1. A Guide to INITs’ 
by Gary Ouellet and Glenn Brown 

This article is a continuation of the one that we continued in the 
February 1991 issue of Capital Apple 

There is a problem with FileMaker II with 
spoolers. This is known and acknowledged by 
both sides however, with respects to other 
Claris products (ie MacWrlte II, MacDraw, 
MacDraw II, MacProject II, MacPaint 2.0, etc), 
there are no known specific problems. However, 
any problem that may be encountered should 
be reported to SuperMac and Claris for 
verification and/or a possible solution. I’ve 
spoken with the head of Claris Tech Support 
and we both want to make sure that our products 
are compatible. 

“...but is your product better for other 
applications as well?..." I think so. Currently, 
our spoolers are practically the defacto standard 
and SuperSpool and Super LaserS poo I are 
the only spoolers that available on the market. 
Print Monitor comes with Apple’s System 
software, but is ONLY compatible with 
MultiFinderand LaserWriters. The AppleShare 
Print Server is for a network situation and 
TOPS Spool comes only with TOPS. But I 
should point out that TOPS Spool was actually 
Symantec/THINK Technologies’ LaserSpeed 
product...which has been discontinued, so 
updates to TOPS Spool are an unknown 

Thunder II spell checker and Molr6 3.0 screen 
saver — If Molr6 kicks in when Thunder II is 
active, then Thunder disappears when you 
move the mouse to return to your application. 
This problem was confirmed to me by Evan 
Gross, the author of Thunder. He says that it is 
a problem in the way that Molr6 restores the 
menu bar. When Moir6 kicks in, it does indeed 
knock out Thunder II. But you don’t need to 
quit your application and restart. Simply call up 
the Control Panel, and then close it. Voila! 
Thunder will be back. 

TurboCache(PU - SyQuest Driver) - The doc 
forSUM II mentions that TurboCache and SUM 
II are incompatible. 

-9 - 

• VlrexGuard INIT must be turned off before 
running SUM II recovery or tuneup. 

• White Knight 11.02: I have discussed my 
problem with Tom Watson (the author of Red 
Ryder/White Knight), and he suggested that 
programs that modify the file manager (like 
SAM) may cause problems. (I have found that 
if I turn offf SAM, I no longer have download 
problems with White Knight). He also 
mentioned that Disk Express II 2.03 and White 
Knight don’t get along. 

Widgets -1 find my System bar is always 100% 
dark no matter what size I make the heap. Is 
there a sponge in the works ? I should have 
said up top that I’ve a Raster board and an 
Apple color monitor so that may be the memory 

• WindChooser - Conflicts with Giffer 1.01 
(Giffer quits while displaying a GIF image). 
WindChooser conflicts with Fourth 
Dimension when Eric’s NeXT, Galen’s 
SmallTalk, or Alex’s Shrinker is chosen. 4D 
quits because it cannot display the ‘Structure’ 
window in the screen background. When jbx’s 
NeXT is chosen, 4D does runs fine and the 
’Structure’ window is displayed. 

• WindowLlst 1.21 INIT and Zterm (any 
version): "If you can contact the author of 
WindowLlst, I have a message from the Zterm 
author describing the problem and how to 
probably fix it. (apparently a WindowLlst bug, 
not Zterm)" 

I presume WindowLlst 1.3 and WDEF INIT 

vie for the same resources — if both are 
installed, you’ll eventually get a System crash. 

• Zephyr doesn’t work with SFScroll INIT (from 
the doc file). 

INIT Problems Solved 

The following problems have been solved by the 
latest version of the software. Users should be sure 
to register new software asap manufacturers often 
mail upgrades and fixes free or at a reasonable 

• There are conflicts using Datadesk’s 101-ADB 
Keyboards with Excel 2.2 and SoftPC 
(something to do with the programs querrying 
the keyboard for such as NumLock features 
not supported on the datadesk). Patches/fixes 
for both have been posted on CompuServe 
and things work hunky dorey after the fix. 
Looking for conflicts with a keyboard!! was one 
of the last places I would have thought to look!! 

• Adobe Type Manager - does not work with 
Illustrator 88 v.1.83 (the reason for the 1.93 
update). If you install the ATM patch available 
on CompuServe and other places, it fixes the 
letterspacing problem in Word 4.0. The patch 
allows you to enable Fractional Widths under 
ImageWriter settings. 

• Comment 2.0 will not operate properly on the 
lid - Time Notes will not open a message 
window at the designated times. Deneba have 
agreed to provide a corrective free upgrade to 
2.02 if I return my master, which I have done. 

• Cricket Graph 1.3 is incompatible with the llci, 
and Computer Associates is providing a free 
upgrade to 1.3.2 if registered users call them at 
(215) 889-0267. This was in InfoWorld a 
couple of weeks ago. 

• The startup icon for DiskExpress II vers. 2.00 
would not appear if the Apple CD-Rom INIT 
loaded ahead of it. Interestingly, a space was 
left in the INIT-icon lineup where DiskExpress 
Il's should have appeared and DiskExpress II 
seemed to otherwise load and operate properly. 
Version 2.03 of DiskExpress II cleared up this 

• Exposure 1.03 is a free upgrade for Cl owners 
(Exposure 1.01 wouldn't run on the Cl). 

• Falcon 2.01 wouldn't run with aftermarket 
video cards (like the RasterOPS 264) the 
problem has been fixed with Falcon 2.2 

• If you use Finale, you should use the 

Command Key as the modifier key forSuitcase 
II, so that Finale’s ‘Option - About Finale...’ 
dialog can be accessed. This isn’t entirely 
necessary with Finale 2.0. 

• Findswell 2.01- this guide earlier reported 
problems with Findswell . These may well have 
been caused by earlier versions or indeed beta 
versions — we don’t know. The manufacturer 
advises that no conflicts (other than that with 
Handsoff 1.1.2, which should be updated by 
the time this is released).have been reported 
with the current version (2.01). We have had 
several reports from users who are happy with 

• MultiFinder 6.1 b9 is not compatable with 
Fourth Dimension versions 2.0.5 through 
2.0.9: the color features are disabled. 4D version 
2.0.10 fixes this. 

• SuperClock! 3.5 works fine with PageMaker 
3.02. The PageMaker manual claims that 
SuperClock! 3.0 was the version to cause 
PageMaker to have the problem. 

• SuperLaserSpool has been updated to 
version 2.01. This maintenance update is 
recommended only for those using the following 
products: LaserWriter 6.0, Insight 
Development’s MacPrint, BDTSheetFeeder, 
Microsoft Works, and Odesta’s Double 
Helix. Additionally, SuperLaserSpool 2.01 is 
recommended for those concerned with 
fractional font widths. We’ve also been told by 
Acius that SuperLaserSpool 2.01 seems to 
have solved most of the Fourth Dimension 
1 .x problems and should be compatible with 

• White Knight 11.02 wages war on 
DiskExpress II 2.01. I have talked with Scott 
Watson about this, and he says this is ALSoft’s 
fault, and they are aware of it. People can 
phone to receive free updates. What happens 
is that on ZMODEM transfers, after the file has 
been received, and the progress window about 
to be put away, you getaSystem bomb(ID=10). 
Also, sometimes when you select a file to 
upload, White Knight will ignore it and refuse 
to send it. I have talked to Sean Neely (ALSoft 
Tecnical Support) about this: Disk Express 
2.04 fixes all known problems, including the 
above. Users who are experiencing problems 
should call ALSoft for the free upgrade. 

continued on Page 25 

- 10 - 

DeskWriter Report 

by David Wilson 

New DeskWriter Driver from Hewlett- 

Towards the end of last year, Hewlett-Packard 
released a new version of their printer driver 
for the DeskWriter. There are two '‘flavours'’ 
of the driver, both at version 2.1, one being for 
the normal DeskWriter, and the other for the 
DeskWriter operating on an AppleTalk 

Here is a list of "Bugs” in the DeskWriter 
printer driver that have been fixed in the 2.1 

• DA Crash: Segmenting Defect: 
The Macintosh crashed when 
trying to print from certain 
Desk Accessories such as 

• Super Laser Spool ™ Crashes : 
Super Laser Spool crashed when 
printing multiple copies of a 
document containing a bitmap. 

• European English Printer 
Resource, A4 Paper Default: 
The default paper size in the 
Page Setup menu of the European 
English version of the 
DeskWriter printer resource 
was improperly set to "US 

• Envelope Dialog Wording: 
When printing envelopes with 
the DeskWriter, the dialog box 
requesting the user to insert 
the next envelope neglected to 
mention that the user has. to 
press the "select" key on the 
printer keypad. 

• Printing Zero-Width 
Characters : 
Screen fonts containing "zero- 
width" characters (characters 

- 11 - 

that use negative kerning) 
such as the Sonata fonts, 
would not show up on the 
printed page. 

• Nil-Handle Heap Corruption 
Under certain conditions, the 
DeskWriter printer resource 
released invalid memory 
references (Nil-handles and 
errpty handles) to the operating 
system, causing the Macintosh 
Memory Manager to fail. 

• AppleTalk Zone Communication 
Problem with EtherTalk™ 
Networks : 
Under some conditions, the 
DeskWriter appeared in the 
Chooser, but would not print 
in non-local EtherTalk zones . 

• Low Level Text Call Support: 
Applications printing with 
"Low Level" commands 
(particularly text-streaming) 
are now supported. 

The change that has taken place with the A4 
Paper Default is interesting. I have been 
anoyed that my machine is always defaulting 
to US Letter, and have been meaning to find 
a permanent way of fixing it. 

Also with the fixing of the Nil-Handle Heap 
Corruption, this means that the "DeskWriter 
Aid” INIT is no longer required. In a machine 
that is already running with quite anough 
INHHs and CDEV’s, it will be quite nice to 
remove one. 

Hopefully we will be able to make the new 
DeskWriter drivers available to you through 
our Public Domain Library. 

Parts re-printed from READ-ME file. H 

Letters to the Editor 

Dear Editor, 

HELP...I am using a//e with 1 meg RamFactor 
and 8 MHz Zip Chip. The printer is a Star NX- 
1000 driven by a Grappler+ card. 

My problem is with Print Shop new ProDOS 
version. For instance when I come to print a 
monthly calendar page I get eleven passes of 
the print head and a message will appear 
“please check printer Press Esc to quit, or 
Press Return to continue”. I press return and 
things arefinefor another eleven passes then 
the same message appears. Thefinal product 
is perfect but having to sit and press return all 
the time is a real pain. I have heard other 
users do not have this problem, so I assume 
it is not normal. Any ideas? 

Ron Moroney 

Dear Ron 

It sounds like New Print Shop is waiting forthe 
printer to finish printing the current block of 
data before sending it another block. It 
probably has some kind of “timeout" on this, 
and if the printer hasn 1 said it is ready by the 
end of the timeout, New Print Shop is assuming 
that something has gone wrong (e.g. out of 
paper, printer offline, etc.) 

I suspect the problem is that New Print Shop 
is not taking account of the presence of the 
Zip Chip, and is counting too fast, causing it to 

time out too quickly. To confirm this, try 
slowing the Zip Chip down to the standard 
Apple II speed (1 MHz) then running New 
Print Shop and doing the same printout. If you 
are still getting "please check printer 
messages, then the computer's speed isn't 
the problem. 

If the messages do go away, try running the 
Zip Chip at full speed (8 MHz) but slow down 
the slot that the Grappler+ is in. This may 
slow down New Print Shop's timeout 
sufficiently to prevent the "please check 
printer messages. If it doesn't, you may have 
to resort to slowing down the Zip Chip while 
running New Print Shop. It may be possible 
to run it at some intermediate speed, say 4 
MHz. Try several speeds until you find the 
fastest one that DOESN'T ask you to check 
the printer. 

Dear Editor 

Could someone please tell me what the 
Responder IN IT in the System Folder does? 

The Responder I NIT is used on AppleTalk 
networks to provide information about the 
individual machines on the network. There is 
a network diagnosis software called InterPoll, 
which allows network administrators to service 
and maintain large AppleTalk networks. This 
software can display useful information about 
every machine on the network (such as the 
version of System Software installed, the 
name of the user, the version of the printer 
driver used, etc.). In order to be able to do this, 
the Responder IN IT must be installed on each 
machine on the network. This INITresponds 
to queries sent by InterPoll and provides the 
information, which is then presented to the 
network administrator by InterPoll. 

Since this INIT doesn't steal any time (and 
uses up almost no RAM), I would recommend 
that you leave it in your system folder whenever 
you are connected to any kind of network. 

12 - 

Letters to the Editor - cont'd 


I just ordered me a Mac LCfor home yesterday, 
and would like to start doing some self-taught 
programming. I’ve decided that Pascal is the 
route for me (having seen enough C code to 
know it is beyond me - my mind isn’t built for 
it). What I’d like is some input as to which 
Pascal is the better. I am on a fairly tight 
budget, so it can’t cost too much. It doesn’t 
need togivemethepowerto leap tall buildings, 
and certainly not so much that you end up 
leaping OFFtall buildings from the frustration. 
I have not ever really done anything in Pascal 
- I learn programming by example and by 
understanding the structure, and I’ve 
examined enough Pascal code to at least get 
started. Primarily, which Pascals do you use, 
what are their pros and cons, how good are 
the manuals, and what are the upgrade 
policies? If you’ve had opportunity to use 
more than one, how do they compare? 

Also, is reading Inside Macintosh the best 
way for a beginning programmer to learn 
about such things as the “toolbox” and other 
vague entities? 

I really appreciate any help on this. 

No, absolutely not. Inside Macintosh is very 
confusing for the beginning programmer and 
even for some experienced programmers. 

The problem is that Inside Mac volumes are 
organized chronologically, so something you 
read about in volume I, may be deleted or 
changed in volume 5. Also, to read Inside 
Mac, you need some fairly technical 
knowledge of memory management, etc. 

The absolute best way I have ever seen to 
learn Macintosh programming, (assuming 
you already know a high level language like 
Pascal) is to get the three-part series called 
"Macintosh Revealed"by Stephen Chernikoff. 
These three books take you through every 

facet of Macintosh programming and the 
examples are written in Pascal (the toolbox's 
"native" language). 

In fact, the"Macintosh Revealed" series is so 
complete, so well organized and so easy to 
understand, I'd suggest all beginning 
programmers buy this set instead of Inside 
Macintosh. True, Inside Macintosh is the 
definitive reference, but I can assure you 
"Macintosh Revealed" has almost everything 
you need and you will get a lot more use out 
of it than Inside Macintosh. 

Dear Editor 

Can I safely hook two Macs together using a 
null-modem cable (I am thinking of my 
ImageWriter 11 cable, which should be identical 
to a null-modem)? What about Appletalk (can 
I do it with the above cable, or do I need the 
actual appletalk connectors even though the 
network has only two nodes)? I just need to 
transfer a few megs of data, but I really don’t 
want to haul floppies. 

This works like a charm: just plug the two 
printer and/or modem ports together with the 
printer cable. For the file transfer itself, I 
would recommend Public Folder, which is in 
the Macintosh Public Domain Library. It is not 
real fast, but (once you have moved the files 
to be transferred into the "public" folder and 
started the transfer) it is completely automatic. 
I moved about 20 meg last week this way. 

Parts of Letters to the Editor are extracts from USEnet. 


Letters to the Editor can be posted 
on WAUG SHORTS or mailed to 
WAUG at 

P.O. Box 6642, Wellington. 

Call the experts, we may not have 
all the solutions, but chances are 
we have one to your problem. 

- 13 - 

Apple II Public Domain 

$5.00 per disk , or $3.00 if you provide your own disk. 

If you are ordering by mail, please include 
money or stamps for return postage. 

No new disks this month. A point about last 
month’s disk #44 (Wheel of Fortune): it 
definitely requires AT LEAST a 128k enhanced 
lie (or a lie, llgs, Laser 128, etc.) This was 
mentioned in last month’s issue, but I just 
wantto emphasize it here. If you are intending 
to order this disk and you have a lie, please 
make sure it has 128k of memory and is 
enhanced (i.e. built in numeric keypad, or 
“65C02 enhanced" label over the power light 
on the keyboard). 

We will be releasing a full catalog of all the 
Apple II, llgs and Macintosh public domain 
software with next month’s Capital Apple. 
The catalog will include all disks released up 
to this month’s Capital Apple. 

We also have a disk-based copy of the catalog 
available. The catalog is an AppleWorks 

Word Processor file, so you can load it into 
AppleWorks and find the disks you are 
interested in. The llgs catalog is included on 
the same disk. There is also a program on the 
disk to read or print the catalog, in case you 
don’t have AppleWorks. 

The disk-based catalog will be updated 
regularly as new P.D. disks are added to the 

The disk-based catalog is available for the 
price of the disk it is on, i.e. $2.00, or free if you 
provide your own disk. 

To order the Apple II PD catalog, specify 
"A2.CAT" on your order. 

My apologies to anyone who had their order 
delayed over Christmas - I was unable to 
process any orders from late December until 
the end of February. 


- 14- 

$8.00 per disk, or $5.00 if you provide your own disk. 

If you are ordering by mail, please include If you are ordering Nucleus, specify “Nucleus 

money or stamps for return postage. Original" or “Nucleus ROM 03". 


We have built up a reasonable collection of 
demonstration and utility programs from the 
FTA (Free Tools Association, a group of 
programmers in France). These programs 
are simply amazing - they really show you 
what the llgs is capable of in graphics and 
sound. Note: all of these programs require AT 
LEAST 1 megabyte of RAM in your llgs, and 
must be booted from (they cannot be copied 
onto a hard drive, but are not copy protected). 

The programs available are listed below. We 
have already released some of these, as 
indicated in the descriptions. 

As a special offer, if you order three or more 
of these programs, you can have them for $2 
off the normal price (i.e. $6 each, or $3 if you 
provide the disks). 


Draws pre-def ined three-dimensional objects 
and rotates them under user control, on a 
background of moving stars. There is 
animation all over the place. Music (any one 
of four tunes) is played in the background. 
The user can select the object, control the 
speed of rotation around the X, Y and Z axes, 
control the number of stars and select the 
background music. 

There are two versions of Nucleus. The first 
version (which we gave away copies of at the 
1989 Christmas function) doesn’t work on a 
“ROM 03" llgs, while the second version 
(previously available as GS.Demo.9) works 
on both ROM 01 and ROM 03 machines with 
at least 1 megabyte of RAM. Other than 
having a different startup sequence, they 
appear to be identical. 

Space Harrier Demo 

A demonstration of the game Space Harrier, 
in which you are flying a spaceship over a 
planet’s surface. The screen shows the view 
in front of you in three dimensions. 

Speedy Smith 

A 3.5" disk copying utility (which we gave 
away copies of at the 1990 Christmas 
function). Copy progress is indicated 
graphically using vertical bars that gradually 
fill up. Errors are indicated using different 
colours. One and Two drive copying is 
supported, as is “batch" copying (i.e. making 
multiple copies of the same disk). The prompts 
are in French, but don’t take much effort to 
interpret, as the accompanying graphics are 
very clear. 


Another disk copying utility, based on Speedy 
Smith, but with an even better user interface. 
Both Photonix and Speedy Smith are VERY 
fast for straight disk-to-disk copies. Only 3.5" 
disks are supported. I think they are even 
faster than Copy II Plus versions 8 or 9 doing 
a sector copy. 


This is a demonstration of three dimensional 
animation, showing different types of objects 
(wire frame, solid, etc.). The user can select 
the objeetto draw and move between modules 
which draw different kinds of objects. 

X-Mas Demo 

A “hodge-podge" of graphics and sound 
demonstrations, including some pretty 
amazing animation of graphics and text (such 
as scrolling text in the screen border area!) 



The System Folder 

by Morris Herman 


New owners of Macintosh, and some 
veterans, are befuddled by the number 
and the purpose of the flies located in the 
System folder. In many cases users could 
benefit from putting their System on a 
diet and removing those files un-necessary 
for their own particular Macintosh system, 
thus running the bare essentials. To that 
end this article describes the purpose of 
each file and the environment that 
requires that file. The files mentioned in 
this article are only those files/documents 
supplied by Apple on its System disks. 
Some users will have additional files in 
their System folder that are requested to 
be placed their by the application 
programs that they run, or by Inits, & 
CDEV’s they have collected. 

The files that are needed by the Macintosh 
vary according to the computer you have. 
Gone are the days of only one type of 
Macintosh. Another variable is whether 
you are going to run MultiFinder, (and if 
you have only 1 meg of RAM then you 
shouldn’t), and/or AppleShare, and the 
type of printer you have. 

Here, then, is my list of Apple’s System 
Folder files with comments as to their 
suitability for the Mac 512Ke, MacPlus, 
Classic, SE» SE/30, Portable, Mac LC, 
Mac II, Ilsi, Ilex, Ilci, Mac IIx, Mac Ilfx. 

The codes (in brackets) that follows the 
file description are as follows: 



Mac Model 

• All - all Mac’s listed above 

• SE - Mac SE only 

• 30 - Mac SE/30 only 

• II - All Mac II family models including 
the Mac LC 

• P - Mac Portable 

• C - Mac Classic 


• MF - MultiFinder only 

• AS - Apple Share 


• IW - Imagewriter I or II or compatable 

• AIW - AppleTalk Imagewriter 

• LQ - Imagewriter LQ 

• ALQ - AppleTalk Imagewriter LQ 

• LW - LaserWriter I, Plus, II, NT, NTXor 


• LWSC - LaserWriter SC 

The Files 

1. AppleShare - Chooser document for 
accessing an AppleShare device. 

(All, AS) 

2. AppleTalk Imagewriter - Chooser 

document for the use of a networked 
Imagewriter (All, AIW) 

3. Backgrounder - Used to spool 
LaserWriter output under Multifinder for 
background printing. (All, MF, LW) 

4. Clipboard - Used to hold copied or cut 
data that exceeds available memory. (All) 


5. Closeview - Control panel document 

for magnifying the screen for the use of 
the visually impaired. (All) 

6. Color - Control panel document for 
controlling desktop and icons colour. 

(30, II) 

7. DA HAndler - Handles all desk 
accessories under Multifinder. (All, MF) 

8. Easy Access - a startup document 

used to enable handicapped persons to 
type multiple key combinations with one 
finger. (All) 

9. Finder - Application that handles the 
desktop with all of its file mangement, 
icons, and application launching. (All) 

10. Finder Startup - Document that 

contains the startup configuration under 
multifinder. (All, MF) 

11. General - Controlpanel document 

that contains the desktop appearance, 
time and date, volume of sound, menu 
and insertion point clicking rate as well 
as the RAM cache. (All) 

12. ImageWriter - Chooser document for 

the Imagewriter. (All, IW) 

13. Key Layout - Document used to 

identify the layout of the keyboard for the 
Keycaps desk accessory. (All) 

14. Keyboard - Control Panel document 

that controls the key repeat rate and 
delay until repeat time. (All) 

15. Laser Prep - LaserWriter doucument 

that converts QuickDraw commands to 
PostScript. (All, LW) 




16. LaserWriter - Chooser document for 
the use of the LaserWriter. (All, LW) 

17. LaserWriter IISC - Chooser document 
for for use of the LaserWriter IISC. 

(All. LWSC) 

18. LQ AppleWriter LQ - Chooser 
document for the networked letter quality 
Appletalk Imagewriter LQ. (All, ALQ) 

19. LQ AppleWriter - Chooser document 
for the Letter Quality Imagewriter. 

(All, LQ) 

20. MacroMaker - Startup doucument 

for the generation and use of keyboard 
macros. (All) 

21. Map - Control Panel documentto 
locate cities by latitude and longitude 
and show differing time zones. (All) 

22. Monitors - Control Panel document 

for setting up external monitors 
operation. (30, II) 

23. Mouse - Control Panel documentor 

mouse tracking and double-clicking 
interval control. (All) 

24. MultiFinder-Application that handles 

“multitasking". (All, MF) 

25. Portable - Control Panel document 

for setting various parameter sof the 
Macintosh Portable. (P) 

26. PrintMonitor - Application that 

controls the background printing on the 
LaserWriter when MultiFinder is 
operating. (All, MF, LW) 

27. Scrapbook - File that contains data 
pasted in when using the Scrapbook DA. 


- 17 - 

Startup Device 

continued on Page 25 

Word Troubles? 

Moving tables between documents 

Have you had problems trying to move tables 
between documents? 

One document consists of the table. You 
select the entire document and copy it to the 
clipboard. Then you open another document 
and paste in the table. The column lines are 
unchanged, but it appears as if there is not 
room forthe characters across the columns of 
a row, and they are moved to additional lower 

Judging from the non-WYSIWYG 
reproduction of the problem, it appears that 
the new document has a default “Normal” 
style that is different from the “Normal” in the 
original document If so, you are moving 
from, say, the original’s 10-pt “Normal” to the 
new document’s 12-pt “Normal”, or possibly 
from Times “Normal” to New York “Normal”. 
(Text moved from one document to another 
acquires the new document’s style 
characteristics, if the same style name exists 
in the new document. And __all_ Word 
documents have at least one style, “Normal”.) 
So, first of all, be sure that the default “Normal” 
styles of the two documents are identical. 

But, if that’s not the problem... 

You can minimize transfer problems by 
defining unique styles for your tables. Thus 
you might have a style “column left” (defined 
as left-aligned) which you might apply to the 
first column, and another style “column right” 
(for right-aligned) which you might apply to all 
your other columns. You might also have a 
third style “table heading” which is centered 
and bold, and is applied to the top row of your 
table (and, thus, overrides the styles “column 
left”and “column right”). 

First, define and apply such styles to the 
tables in your original document. Next, open 
your new document and import the original’s 

styles before you import the table data to your 
new document. The easiest way to do this is 
to open the “Define Styles...”(Command-T) 
dialog in the new document, and then, while 
this dialog is still open, “Open”(Command-0) 
your old document to import all of its styles. 
Then close the dialog, and import the tables 
or the entire document. 

Even so, you can still have problems if your 
tables have odd or anomalous cells (e.g., a 
centered heading cell above a column of 
right-aligned data). In such instances, Word 
tends to lose at least some of the font size and 
column alignment information. I have yet to 
find the pattern in this behavior... sometimes 
it does, sometimes it doesn’t. But at least you 
can reformat the new tables fairly easily by 
simply selecting the delinquent cells and RE- 
applying the appropriate styles to them. 

Have fun. Maybe Word 5.0 will have tables 
that are user-friendlier. 

Snaked text around graphics: 

Have you tried this? Insert the graphic, and 
make it its own paragraph. Select that 
paragraph and go to Format Paragraph 
Position. In the appropriate box, type the 
coordinates of where you want the graphic to 
appear; don’t worry if they’re not exact. Then, 
click the preview button. Now, choose the 
margin tool in the Print Preview window. With 
this tool selected, you can clickon yourgraphic 
and move it around on the page. The 
coordinates will be updated in the Position 
Paragraph dialog box you just left. 

Disappearing table text 

Had the weirdest problem with a Word table 
yesterday — thought you all might like to 
know about it. There was a paragraph in a 
table cell that only showed up if we did Print 
Preview or printed the table. If we showed the 
table normally (what Word calls Galley View) 
continued on Page 25 

- 18 - 

If you have a rush... 




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Wedding Invitations 
Social Club Tickets 
Business Cards 
Raffle Tickets 




29a Montgomery Crescent, Upper Hutt 

- 19 - 

II Murmurs 

by Tracey Dvorak 

Rumours are afoot of anew version of the llgs 
Finder in the works (System 6.0?), including 
the ability to get information on program 
versions and comments, and several other 
“nice newfeatures". Will Apple provide support 
for the Macintosh Hierarchical File System 
(HFS) at the same time? 

HyperCard GS was scheduled to be released 
in “Mid-February” (see last month’s Capital 
Apple). Apparently they were already shipping 
it by the end of January! It isn’t very often that 
a program’s release date is brought forward. 
We have yet to hear about its availability in 
New Zealand, so stay tuned. This program 
could be an excellent excuse to buy a hard 
drive or extra memory (at least 1.5 MB is 

Converting between Macintosh HyperCard 
1.2.5 and HyperCard GS stacks should be 
possible in the near future. Apple are working 
on a utility to perform the translation (which 
will initially only support Mac to llgs stack 

The utility comes in two parts, one running on 
the Mac and the other on the llgs. The Mac 
utility analyses a HyperCard stack and creates 
an “intermediate” file, which can be copied 
onto an Apple llgs disk using Apple File 
Exchange. The llgs utility uses the 

intermediate file to create a HyperCard GS 

The utilities also take care of the differences 
in screen resolution. All of the graphics and 
objects in the stack can be translated, along 
with HyperTalk scripts. Any XCMDs and 
XFCNs (external commands and functions) 
associated with the stack can not be translated 

Following hot on the heels of Vitesse (see the 
December 1990 issue), Seven Hills Software 
have released Independence (US$39.95), 
another set of GS/OS drivers for the HP 
DeskJet, DeskJet Plus, DeskJet 500 and 
LaserJet IIP. 

We have yet to hear of support for these 
printers on 8-bit Apple I Is. No news yet on 
whether Apple’s new LaserWriter LS and 
Sty leWriter (see the Stop Press in last month’s 
Capital Apple) will work with existing Apple II 
or llgs software. 

Optical Character Recognition comes to the 
Apple II with InWords, by Alan Bird (of Birds 
Better Bye, TimeOut, AppleWorks 3.0 update, 
QuickSpell and Beagle Compiler fame), from 
WestCode Software. 

InWords works in conjunction with the Vitesse 
Quickie (or compatible) hand scanner. The 
text to be processed is scanned, and InWords 
processes the resulting graphic image. It can 
handle columns of text as well as blocks of 
text wider than the scanner (by merging two 
separate scans). InWords can be taught new 
typefaces, but it won’t handle dot-matrix, 
standard resolution faxes or handwriting. 
InWords requires an enhanced lie or llgs and 
at least 512k of RAM. The price is around 
US$100 (scanner is additional). 

The Quickie Scanner is of the hand-held type, 
about twice as wide as a mouse (an image 4 
inches wide can be scanned, with the length 


- 20 - 

depending on available 
memory). Its scanning resolution is switch- 
selectable between 100, 200, 300 and 400 
dots per inch. The scanner connects to the 
computer via an interface card. 

Scanning software is included for the lie and 
llgs. The lie version can only scan black and 
white images, and can save to high-res or 
double high-res files. The llgs version can 
handle 16-level grey scales and can save 
320- and 640-mode super high-res graphics 
images. It also supports high-res, double 
high-res and Print Shop GS formats. Retail 
price is US$299. 

The Apple II Video Overlay Card may now be 
an option for New Zealand schools with money 
to spend (contradiction in terms!) Apparently 
a PAL version of the card is now available in 
Australia. Whether it will appear here is 

The Video Overlay Card allows the computer’s 
video output to be combined with another 
source (such as a video recorder or camera) 
and displayed on an external monitor or 
recorded on video. It works with a lie or llgs, 
and is supported by HyperStudio on the llgs. 
The price of the PAL Video Overlay Card is 
unknown, but the original NTSC version (in 
the USA) cost around US$500. 

The Apple lie emulation card forthe Macintosh 
LC is due to be released in the USA during 
March. The card can have Apple 5.25” drives 
and a joystick connected directly to it, and it is 
able to use the LC’s screen, 3.5" drive, hard 
drive, printer and modem ports, sound output, 
keyboard, mouse and AppleTalk interface. 
The emulator is effectively an Apple lie, since 

it has no slots (all of the I/O devices look like 
slots to software, in the same manner as the 
lie’s built-in I/O ports). The emulator won’t 
run Apple llgs software. While running in 
Apple II mode, the LC cannot be used for 
anything else (the emulator takes over the 
entire screen, and the LC is kept busy handling 
the various I/O tasks). 

The Macintosh Classic is proving to be popular 
with schools, which are setting up AppleTalk/ 
AppleShare networks with several Classics 
on them. 

It should not be forgotten that the Apple llgs 
and enhanced 128k Apple lie can also be 
connected to an AppleTalk network. A llgs 
has built-in support for AppleTalk, while a lie 
requires an interface card. 

Networked Apple I Is can be booted from an 
AppleShare file server (you could even have 
an Apple II without any disk drives!), while a 
Macintosh must be booted from a disk drive 
connected to the computer. 

The Apple II treats the file server as a normal 
ProDOS volume with additional features (such 
as logging on, file access protection, file 
sharing, etc.) 

Some Apple II programs need a special 
“network-aware” version to be able to run 
them from the file server (AppleWorks is one 

An Apple II can print to any ImageWriter or 
LaserWriter connected to the network. Apple 
llgs programs have full control over the 
LaserWriter, as do some Apple lie programs 
(such as Publish It!). The LaserWriter can 
also be made to emulate an ImageWriter for 
those programsthat don’t support PostScript. 


Our team of dedicated reporters 
is waiting for YOUR news item. 

Call NOW and we can hold the 

-21 - 

Where Was Woz at the AGM? 


by Allan Honey and Kathy Rebello (USA TODAY) 

Most WAUG members will recall that the 
Wellington Apple Users’ Group has a 

His name is Stephen G. Wozniak, known 
better in computer circles as “Woz”. 

For those who haven’t clicked yet, Woz, 
together with Steven P. Jobs were the co¬ 
founders of Apple Computer, Inc making 
millionaires of both of them at age 25. 
Neither is involved with Apple Computers 
now but their influences are still evident. 

A feather in our hat is that Woz and 
family attended WAUG’s Christmas 
function in 1984 (the same year WAUG 
was founded!). Not onfy that, the next 
year he returned and bought Andy 
Hertzfeld, Apple II and Macintosh 
programmer extraordinare with him!! 

We haven’t heard much from Woz since 
1985. He left Apple after a “tifF with Jobs 
and sold his Apple Stock for $70 million. 

He formed a new company CL9 to make 
remote control devices, but three years 
and $2 million later, Woz washed his 
hands of that too. 

At various times we have heard rumours 
of Woz learning Spanish, learning Law, 
training to become a school teacher, 
numerous trips to Russia and apperances 
on Television Game Shows!! 

However, eagle-eyed WAUG member 
Laurence Gooding picked up the 
December 27, 1990 issue of USA TODAY 
(International Edition) which reports that 
“In recent months, Wozniak has been 
busy transforming his $1 million Los 
Gatos hills home into a $4 million 
playhouse - for himself, his wife, Suzanne 
Mulkem (they were married Nov. 17), 

- 22 - 

and their six children (each parent has 
three from prior marriges, ages 3 to 15).” 

“Already done is a $700,000 cave built 
out of an 800-square-foot subterranean 
room beneath Wozniak’s patio. This 
looks like a miniature Carlsbad Cavern 
complete with stalactites, tiny 
passageways, cubbyholes with skulls, 
veins of amethyst crystals, bits of coral, 
even prehistoric pain electrical 
outlets, video and audio outlets, phone 
jacks and smoke detectors” 

“It was a whim”, beams Wozniak. To 
make the cave look authentic, Woz hired 
staff from the California Academy of 
Sciences. They created foam structures, 
then sprayed them with gunnite for a 
rough, cave-hewn look. The effect is so 
real, Woz says, “kids line up to see it”, “I 
want them to have a neat experience”. 

Well looks like Steve forgot the glow¬ 
worms!!! Lets hope he reads this (he gets 
CAPITAL APPLE sent to him every month) 
and wants to bring the family back to 
New Zealand to see some real caves. You 
never know, next month we may report 

by David Empson 

Any Apple II user with a modem should be 
using Shrinklt. This is the standard utility for 
compressing files sent by modem. Most 
Apple II specific files on bulletin boards and 
online services (CompuServe, GEnie, etc.) 
are compressed using Shrinklt. 

The following is an extract from the 
documentation written by Karl Bunker that is 
supplied with Shrinklt: 

Shrinklt is a utility program for archiving files 
and disks. 

“Archiving", in this usage, refers to the process 
of placing files or disks “within" another file — 
the archive file. Archiving is usually done to 
prepare the files/disks for transmission via 
modem, or for storage purposes. Thus, an 
archive file, whether created with Shrinklt or 
another archiving utility, will be a file which 
serves as an envelope, containing one or 
more other files, or complete disks. There are 
a number of reasons for archiving files before 
transmitting them with a modem. The principal 
reason is that an archive provides a means of 
sending the “attributes"of a file — its filetype 
and other information — along with the file 
itself. An archive also allows several related 
files (or an entire disk) to be packed together 
into a single file. True archiving utilities will 
also have the capability of compressing the 
files they contain to minimize the transmission 
time and disk space the archive requires. 

Shrinklt uses a highly efficient compression 
algorithm known as Ziv-Lempel compression, 
and creates archive files with a format called 
NuFX. Shrinklt and Shrinklt-GS are currently 
the standard archiving utilities for Apple II 
telecommunications. Shrinklt can unpack files 
which have been archived with Shrinklt, as 
well as those which have been packed with 
certain other file-packing utilities, such as 
BLU and ACU. 

Shrinklt and similar archiving programs can 
be useful for non-modem users, particularly 
for making backups that take less space than 
the original, or mailing as many files as 
possible on as few disks as possible. 

There are five different versions of Shrinklt: 

GSHK is a llgs desktop program. It is the 
most capable version of Shrinklt, supporting 
a much wider range of archival file types than 
the other versions. 

It is also the only version of Shrinklt that 
supports GS/OS files containing resource 
forks. The latest version is 1.04. 

SHRINKIT requires a lie or enhanced 128k 
lie. It is the program on which all of the others 
are based. It uses the text screen, and 
provides a large number of features other 
than compressing and decompressing 
archives. It also supports 
copying, deleting, renaming and typing files, 
creating subdirectories, formatting disks, etc. 
The latest version is 3.2. 

IIPLUS.SHRINKIT is a cut-down version of 
SHRINKIT which will work on any Apple II, 
including a 11+ or unenhanced 64k lie. It only 
uses the 40 column text screen. This program 
only supports the creation of archives. The 
current version is 1.3. 

IIPLUS.UNSHRINK is the companion 
program to IIPLUS.SHRINKIT, also running 
on any Apple II. It only supports the extraction 
of files and disk images from archives. The 
current version is 2.0. 

UNSHRINK (also known as AUTO UnShrinklt) 
works on any Apple II. It only supports the 
extraction of filesfrom archives. This program 
can be useful if you use a ProDOS-8 shell 

- 23 - 

program such as DAVEX, ECP-8 or PROSEL, 
since you can specify the name of an archive 
to extract files from on the command line. The 
entire archive is extracted to the current 

Auto UnShrinklt supports “scavenging”, i.e. 
attempting to extract as many undamaged 
files as possible from a damaged archive 
(e.g. if an archive transferred by modem was 
corrupted). It also supports the Echo and 
SlotBuster speech cards - it will read out the 
names of the files as it extracts them. 

All of these programs (except GSHK) are 
available from our public domain library (on 
disk /WAUG.36). This disk is updated 
whenever a new version becomes available. 

Shrinklt3.2 is the latest addition. Its main new 

- A RENAME function has been added. 

- Files containing llgs resource forks are now 
indicated by a V next to their filetype. 

- GS/OS lower case filename are displayed. 

- The Catalog, Rename, Delete, Type and 
Create commands now work on the Copy/ 
Extract commands’ destination directory 
(rather than the source directory). 

- It is now safe to archive the directory in which 
you are creating an archive (Shrinklt will just 
skip over the archive file). 

- You now have the option of skipping over 
files with resource forksduring archive creation 
or copying. 

- Inaccessible files on AppleShare will be 
skipped during archiving. 

The following archives are now handled by 

NuFX (Shrinklt), standalone or inside any of 
Binary II, MacBinary or Macintosh America- 

Binary II, standalone or inside either Binary II 
or MacBinary. 

ACU, standalone or inside either Binary II or 


Only the innermost archive type will be 
displayed (use Auto UnShrinklt if you want to 
know what type of archive a file is). 

- Up to 500 files can be extracted at a time 
(rather than 450). 

- If a duplicate filename occurs during copy or 
extract operations, you now have the options 
of “Overwrite All” duplicate files, or “Skip 
Duplicates”. This saves having to select the 
overwrite/skip button for each duplicate file. 

- Unpacking is slightly faster. Packing is 
marginally faster. 

- Forked files in archives now show up as type 
“Forked” instead of “File”. 

- Some bugs fixed with displaying available 
disk drives. 

- .SQ files are now recognised as SQueezed 
(rather than just .QQ). 

- Creation dates are now copied correctly. 

- The “fast-format” option has been removed. 

- 24 - 

The System Folder - cont'd 

continued from Page 17 

28. Sound - Control Panel document for 
controlling the type of soundfor an alert, 
and also the volume. (SE, 30, II, P) 

29. Startup Device - Control Panel 
document for selecting the startup volume 
(disk) if multiple hard disks are connected. 

(SE, 30, II, P) 

30. System - File that contains the system 
resources, desk accessories & fonts. 


31. Brightness - A control Panel document 

that contains information on the 
brightness settings for the Macintosh 
Classic. (C) 

Reprinted from "The Mouse Times.’ Newsletter of the Santa 
Barbara Macintosh Users Group. California. - October 1990 - 


Word Troubles? - cont'd 

continued from Page 18 

or in Page View, the paragraph wasn’t there at 

Got any ideas as to what might cause this? 
The answer turned out to be that the wayward 
paragraph was actually from the cell to the 
right of the one wherein it appeared. The 
paragraph’s left indent had accidently been 
set to about -1 inch, which is why (when it did 
appear) it showed up in the cell to the left of 
where it really came from. 

Doesn’t Word have some terrific gotchas? 

Parts of this article re-printed from USE net - February 1991 

Mac Murmurs - cont'd 

continued from Page 8 

a co-processor socket, regardless of their 
boards final function (be it a large screen 
driver, or network card, etc). This seems a 
really good idea so that 2 functions can be 
combined in one and maximise the LC’s single 

Definitely NOT hot (in the colloquial sense, 
but hot in the literal sense) is the LC power 
supply. Be very careful of 3rd party internal 
hard disks and the power they consume. 
Apples internal hard drive for the Classic and 
LC is a very clever, fast, low-powered 
performer. Few 3rd party drives can match it 
at present. 

Until next month - keep your ears to the 
ground. ^ 

INIT Stories - cont'd 

continued from Page 10 

• Wlngz 1.0 was slow printing with LaserWriter 
6.0 (it worked fine with 5.2). Wlngz 1.1 has fixed 
the problem. 

• XTree Mac 1.02 has a problem with MacWrlte 
II in the following way: If you installed Xtree 
Revlve-A-Flle, MacWrlte II would crash on boot 
(ID 002). Xtree acknowledged this 
incompatibility last June and has released 
version 1.03 to correct it. So far, it looks like the 
conflict has been resolved. The new version is 
available free on request. 





The notice board is a free 
service to WAUG members. 
Any non-commercial item 
can be placed on the notice 
board - Buy, Sell, Swap, 
Information wanted, etc etc. 
To place an item on the 
notice board, just drop a note 
to the Editor. 


• Macintosh SE Keyboard $200.00 

• Apple II + /IIe compatible full 
height disk drive. With cable 
but no case. Brand new with 
30 day warranty $175.00 

• Apple IIGS 256K card $100.00 

• Apple lie 80 col text card 

Contact John McLellan on (04) 
845-415 or write P.O. Box 45- 
002 Lower Hutt. 

• Printer Ribbons : Various 
including Epson MX80, FX80, 

Star N10, Commodore CP80, 
4022, Seikosha 80, Oki 84, NDK 
2000/4000, Brother DM5, DM40, 
9030, and some others, give me 
a ring. Pirces Retail less 
65% . 

Contact John McLellan on (04) 
845-415 or write P.O. Box 45- 
002 Lower Hutt. 


• Star NL-10 Printer. With 
ImageWriter II Compatiable 
serial interface. 10 inch 
cartridge. 120 cps draft, 30 
cps NLQ. On second ribbon 
now. Price $350.00 ono. 

Contact Jit Lim on (04) 4950- 
406 (work) or (04) 781-806 


• Apple lie compiter, Monitor 
and Disk Drive: includes user 
manual, 80 column text card 
manual, software: Dos, 

AppleWorks + Tutor, Games. $ 
525.00 ono. 

Contact Mike Fleming on (04) 

• Printer card + interface. 
New. Normally $157.00, sell 
at $90.00 

Contact Mike Fleming on (04) 

• Paul Shelly, now of Auckland has a //e for sale, 
$500.00 ono. 1 

Contact Paul Shelly, Wellesley St P.O., Auckland 

• Smack-a-Mac ! - Get yours for $15 at the next WAUG 
meeting or contact Allan Honey. The Smack-a-Mac comes 
complete with its own manual and Warranty. See the 
man from AH HA HA (Allan Honey). 


• Non working or neglected Apple lie’s or clones 

Contact John McLellan on (04) 845-415 or write P.O. Box 45-002 
Lower Hutt. 

• 3 1/2" drive for an Apple lie 
Contact Howard Barker on (04) 771-718 

• Extended 80 column card. Printer, AppleWorks for an 
Apple //e. 

Contact Pete Barr on (04) 788-832 

Look Out 

for your 


WAUG Public Domain 

with next months 


The Wellington Apple Users’ Group is anon-profit organisation formed in April 1984 with the following 

To exchange and disseminate information among the members concerning the computer arts and 

• To publish books, newsletters, magazines and periodicals for the benefit and education of the 
members and the general public. 

• To conduct and sponsor seminars, lectures and courses relating to the computer arts and sciences. 

• To provide technical assistance to members of the group. 

• To seek privileges and discounts for members. 


Subscriptions are $35 per year, from 1st January to 31st December 

The User Group's electronic bulletin board is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The number is 
(04) 278-817. To access it, you need a 300,1200,1200/75 or 2400 BAUD modem. 


Home Phone 

Work Phone 


Steve Wozniak 




Allan Honey 



Vice President 

Paul Messervy 





Erik Westra 




Ross MacDonald 



Layout Editor 

David Wilson 



Contributions Editor 

Bruce Macbryde 



Group Products 

Bruce Macbryde 



Mac PD Software 

Bruce Hoult 



Erik Westra 



// PD Software 

Bill Clark 



//gs PD Software 

David Empson 




Helen Wisenam-Dare 



Paper Library 

Paul Messervy 



Meeting Co-ordinator Cameron Kay 




Grant Collison 



Committee members prefer to be contacted before 9:00 PM 
Please do not phone Allan Honey, David Empson or Bruce Hoult before 10:00 AM 

This magazine was produced using a Macintosh. Software used was Microsoft Word 4.0, Microsoft Works, and PageMaker 
3.02. Proof sheets were prepared on a Hewlett-Packard DeskWriter. The originals were prepared on an Apple LaserWriter 
courtesy of CHAPLOW PHOTOGRAPHICS, LOWER HUTT and offset printed by SANDIFORD PRINTERS of Upper Hutt. 

Views expressed in this magazine are not necessarily the same as the Editor or those of the Wellington Apple Users Group 
as a whole. 

Various Trademarks and Tradenames used in this magazine are the property of someone else. They know who they are. 
Copyright remains with the owner at all times. 

Contributions are made to the magazine gratis, but fame and popularity are bound to come to those writing, along with the 
occasional lawsuit. Copy is preferred as a diskette file (any Apple format). Hard copy is also acceptable (although somewhat 
painful for the Editor). 

All correspondence should be addressed to: The Wellington Apple 
Users Group, P. O. Box 6642, Wellington.