JOURNAL OF THE WELLINGTON APPLE USERS GROUP VOLUME 8.2- MARCH 1991 Macintosh Public Domain.2 Meeting Information.3 Software Engineering.4 Mac Murmurs.6 iNIT Stories - Part 2. .....9 DeskWriter Report.11 Letters to the Editor.12 Apple // Public Domain...14 Apple //gs Public Domain.15 The System Folder.16 Word Troubles?.18 Apple // Murmurs.20 Where Was Woz at the AGM?.22 What is Shrinklt?.23 The Notice Board.26 Group Information.Back Cover ii- Macintosh Public Domain $8.00 each, or $5.00 if you bring your own disk. Please remember to format all disks you bring to have filled up at the meetings. This will save us a great deal of time. Thanks. Mac*GameS'26 This disk contains two Shareware games, Star ‘Roids - a highly addictive game, and Pararena - more complex, difficult to master quickly but very good. Both games are of exceptionally high quality for Shareware and I can throughly recommend them. Store:7bU © LeOel: 1 Ships: 5 ‘e a a a a & S •4 . a a _a_‘_ Scene from Star 'Roids Scene from Pararena - 2 - Meeting Information The next meeting of the Wellington Apple Users' Group will be on: Thursday, 28th March, 1991 The meeting is at St Marys College, starting at 7pm The Doors will be open at 6.30pm to let people get together This meeting Apple // - Solutions to unsolved problems and Discussion. Macintosh - Personalise mur Mac. Setup your Mac to reflect your personal requirements. Introduction to Mac Basics for all new Mac Users Attention! Notification of alternate dates The May meeting will be on Wednesday the 29th of May, The July meeting will be on Wednesday the 24th of July. Note: The April meeting on Thursday the 25th of April is also ANZAC Day! Software Engineering “Software Engineering Process Archaeology, An Overview” (Transcript of a lecture by Grant Money, D.S.A.) (Doctor of Software Archaeology) To trace the development of the Software Engineering Process, we must begin in the late Pleurassic period (so named because the air was very dense and it was hard to breathe.) It was during this period that violent geological upheavals brought to the earth’s surface large deposits of silicon and germanium crystals, and the first crude programs, barely more than undifferentiated collections of single-bit organisms such as the primitive kilobyte, crawled out of the sea and began to live and thrive on silicon. More complex forms, such as structures and arrays, began to evolve. It was during the Ice Ages of the Fortybeloic period, however, that programs began to thrive and multiply. Unlike the dinosaurs who preferred a warmer climate, software produced its own heat and operated better in a colder environment. However, in the warmer Kerocene epoch which followed, the competition between programs became more fierce, and the first carnivorous programs such as viruses began to develop. Parasitic organisms such as statistics gathering tools also evolved during this period. During these periods, thousands of strains of primitive programs evolved, thrived for a while, and died out. But it was not until the advent of the customer that programs began to assume the importance that they have today. The oldest known customer, Pithecanthropurchaser, was discovered at Olduvai Gorge by Dr. Louis B. Sneaky. Fossil remains and other evidence indicate that the Pithecanthropurchaser whose remains Dr. Sneaky discovered died while waiting for a customer service line to take him off hold. (Of course, the average life span of the Pithecanthropurchaser was only about 35 years, so this is not too surprising.) The next step in the evolution of software was the invention of the requirements document. Until the requirements document, programs were purchased without being expected to do anything specific, or in some cases because they had done something interesting and the purchaser hoped that they might do it again. There was, however, no clear perception that a certain input might result in a certain output. The first requirements document is believed to have been a gift from aliens who carved it on a large basalt block, as dramatized in the movie “2001.” The existence of requirement specs led purveyors of software to experiment with interbreeding of programs in order to produce desired characteristics. Gregor Mental, a monk, discovered that certain characteristics (such as Help Key Support) were recessive, but could be passed on to future generations of software. Thus a program with both the recessive help function and the dominant no help would not have help key support, but the offspring of two such programs would have one chance in four of having this characteristic. (What we would now call a feature.) Meanwhile, the first steps toward a Software Engineering Process Aggregation had been taken. The so-called “Midas" (or “Through the Goose”) model, popular during -4 - the Middle Ages and Early Renaissance, looked like this: FRONT VIEW SIDE VIEW / \ : : . 1 1 : ■ A ENG -a; 1 1 / \ / \ Customer | I / \ 0 / \ =======| i&c:.IlllllMl \ PLM |) MFG / Input | \ II / 1 \ 1 1 W ./ ; 1 As the diagram shows, this model allowed Engineering, PLM and Manufacturing to go round and round in circles, while Customer input went in one end and out the other without stopping. The next model, used throughout most of the 20th century, was the “Osmosis” model: CUSTOMER | | | | INPUT ->| PLM | R&D | Mfg |-> PRODUCT This model has the advantage, for the customer, that some of the customer’s requirements may, with some luck, filter through Into the product by a process similar to osmosis. But what, we may ask, is the model of the '90s and beyond? Predictions, of course, are dangerous, but many scientists now believe that the “Osmosis” model will be replaced by the so-called “Milli Vanilli" model (sometimes also referred to as the "Tom Sawyer” model) in which the customers actually produce the software themselves, and the producer sells it back to them at a profit. Naturally, this model presents great challenges to the marketing and sales organizations. Thus, to summarize, we see that the development of software engineering process has made considerable progress over the past few eons, and yet in the end we must conclude that it still makes very little sense. Thank you. Good night. Copyright (c) 1990 Patrick D. Scannell - 5 - Mac Murmurs by Cyril QWERTY From the Silly Department - Apple Corporation Sues Itself. In a move that has industrial analysts scratching their heads, Apple Computers has filed suit against Apple Computers Corporation. The company claims that Apple has violated the Look and Feel of their own machines which has helped to make the company famous. An Apple Spokesperson stated “This is no joke. If we don’t protect our copyrighted interface, everyone will use it and we could lose the exclusive right. So it is in our best interests to sue anyone who uses the Macintosh Look and Feel, including ourselves." The spokesperson says Apple has retained the prestigious LA law firm of Kukla, Fran and Ollie to spearhead the lawsuit. Apple’s in house lawyers will defend. Long time Apple observer Ernest Dinklefwat stated that this is a sure sign that Apple has too many lawyers and not enough engineers. “In the old days Apple depended on its talented engineers to keep ahead of the competition, but now they have lost the edge, as well as their grasp on reality." The industry will be sure to watch this case closely. If Apple wins the suit against itself, this could mean a massive recall of all Macintosh and Lisa computers which will need to be converted to avoid all graphics and desktop metaphors and instead provide a simple terminal-like interface. Such a move would cause a massive digression in the personal computer market. Users of computers would be forced to learn to read, which could cause dangerous literacy among college students and professionals. More & More Mac Connectivety NetWare Finally Getting Mac, UNIX Modules Novell recently announced that it had finally come through with a version of its network operating system that will allow DOS, Windows, Mac, OS/2, and UNIX computers to share information and resources transparently. The new release of NetWare 386, scheduled to ship in late March or early April, is designed to reduce the skew that resulted from different versions of NetWare that supported each other and non-DOS platforms in varying degrees of kludginess. At the NetWorld show in Boston, Novell announced the NetWare Loadable Modules (NLM’s) needed to link disparate systems. The new NetWare, called 3.11, will let users install the modules they need to run Mac and UNIX clients with NetWare servers. Beta testers and other sources have indicated that NetWare for the Macintosh, an NLMthat integrates Mac desktops into the NetWare 3.11 operating system, will ship in April for a 20-user version at $US895 per server and in a 100-user version at $US1995 per server. The Mac NLM will support AppleTalk Phase 1 and 2 and will let Mac users access NetWare resources through the Mac network client interface. NetWare3.11, which a betatestersaid should - 6 - be available by April 1, will cost $US3495 for a 20- user version and $US6995 for the 100- user version. Hands up all those who missed It Apple Tweaks Mac Portable; Cuts Price Apple Computer has made a few adjustments to its Macintosh Portable and knocked $US1000 off the price. Apple has added backlighting to the Portable’s active matrix LCD. Backlighting makes the screen easier to read in a variety of lighting conditions, a company spokesperson said. Owners of the original model will be able to have a dealer install one of the new displays for a suggested price of $US1095. Rumour has it that the backlight reduces battery life from 12 hours to three. But Apple has done something intelligent and obvious — so obvious that I wonder why it isn’t widespread in the DOS world. The backlight has an off switch. So you get to control the trade off of legibility versus battery life. So that users will be able to run System 7.0 when it arrives, Apple has raised the standard amount of RAM it puts in the Portable, now offering 2-MB and 4-MB models. The Macintosh Portable with 2 MB of RAM and a 40-MB hard disk is $US4t 99; with 4 MB of RAM and a 40-MB hard disk, $US4699. Mac users interviewed today said they think the price is still too high but that at least Apple is moving it in the right direction. Several Mac owners said that instead of considering buying a Portable, they’re waiting to seethe notebook- size computers expected from Apple later this year. And Cyril has heard that the New Zealand price of the existing portable has been reduced somewhat to enable CED to clean out its store ready for the new machine, so if you’ve been wanting a portable but found the price extra steep then contact your local dealer and see what he can offer - probably you’ll find that the price is now just steep. Wait till later in the year (at least) for the really ‘new’ portables. Bubble Bubble ... Standards Trouble ? Last month we just squeezed in a Stop Press about Apples new printers. Well, we may not have mentioned one of them but for the record. Apple has announced the introduction of a low cost ink technology printer, to be known as the StyleWriter. It has a print resolution of 360 dots per inch which is higher than that of the Apple laserwriters (that have a 300 dpi resolution) and its price is $US599I. This sounds like a significant breakthrough in price performance for Apple printers, so is it any good?. Cyril has yet to get his hands on one (and may well have done so by the time you read this), but one of his sources (one whose opinion he actually trusts) is bowled over by its performance, and this from a cynical Mac watcher who has seen it all. Cyril would consider this a winner if it was as good (ie as easy to use, and of comparable quality) to the HP DeskWriter, yet this little StyleWriter promises more. Time will tell and keep watching here. The StyleWriter is a QuickDraw printer, NOT a postscript printer, thus it’s capabilities should be similar to the DeskWriter or Apple’s Personal LaserWriter SC. Cyril wonders if there will be a work-around for printing from Post Script programs such as Pagemaker, Freehand and Illustrator. Two comments -1.-What the NZ price will be is too early to predict. The DeskWriters are currently listed at approx $2200 plus GST but can usually be obtained for significantly less than this. Hopefully, the StyleWriter can be retailed for $1200 to $1500. (Do you remember that it wasn’t so long agothatthe Imagewriter - 7 - II was priced at $1795 + GST?) Given such a target price then the StyleWriter should give the DeskWriter a run for it’s money. Look for DeskWriter price reductions soon. 2. Another resolution standard - 360 dpi. Just when you thought you had the print standard resolutions sussed, along comes this new number. Will the StyleWriter handle the existing outline font standards in a user transparent manner? le - will it be Type 1 font friendly and thus be compatible with the DeskWriter fonts and our new, indispensable friend, ATM? How will it fit in with the font handling system in Apple’s forthcoming (sic) System 7.0? All a bit early to say but bear in mind that the Mac has a screen resolution of 72 dpi, the Imagewriter II, 144 dpi, the Imagewriter LQ, (“the Imagewriter from Hell I" - Jean Louis Gassee), that of 288 dpi, all factors of 72. Surprise surprise, 360 dpi is a 5 x factor of 72 dpi. Hummm, now I wonder how big the font will have to be to obtain BEST quality from the StyleWriter - a 5 x size? Oh no, just when you thought your System File could go on a diet. An interesting note: The StyleWriter is based on the Canon Bubble Jet printer engine. This uses sprayed ink technology that is different to the DeskWriter. The dots of ink are sprayed onto the paper after they have been superheated at the print head. For superheated read vaporised, thus when the dots hit the paper they solidify. Because the ink doesn’t have to flow through a nozzle, the chances are that it will not have to be as free flowing as the DekWriters ink and may not smudge like DeskWriter ink when it gets wet. Also announced (but not nearly as startling) is a new Apple personal laser to be known as the Personal Laser LS. This will replace the existing Personal LaserWriter NT and will use the same 4 ppm print engine (which is an excellent engine BTW) but be priced significantly lower? How low? Well $US1400 low I if that’s low. Seems a bit high to Cyril and it may end up as successful as the Personal LaserWriter SC (which died a death) because GCC who have a SCSI 300 dpi laser that is similar to the new LC have just reduced their price to $US999. This could be a new area of hot competition, but probably won’t catch on in NZ where GCC isn’t strongly represented and the DeskWriter seems to be king of the 300 dpi, non Postscript Mac printers. More news as it comes to hand. “New” Mac’s - the story so far... The ‘new Mac’s’ are coming on stream in increasing numbers. Depending on dealers circumstances and forward sales, supplies of the LC and Mono monitors are pretty good as is supply of Classic 2/40’s, but expect a long wait for a single drive Classic - like about 2 months (at time of writing). The LC colour monitor is pretty neat, but in short supply, and Apple has announced that the LC colour output will drive VGA colour screens. A couple of caveats tho’ - VGA monitors vary considerably in their standards so one should check any potential VGA to LC hook up that one has in mind (BEFORE buying). Also, a custom cable needs to be made to match the LC output connector with the VGA input connector. Apple dealers have the pinouts. No doubt someone will get around to making these an ‘off the shelf item. If Cyril was to prepare a Hot and Not column (a la “Metro” magazine) then the LC would be number one on the Hot list. It’s a fairly good performer. Apple gave the Mac Plus a performance rating of 1.0. A standard Mac II was rated at 4.0, the LC weighs in at 3.8. Not bad, but stick in a co-processor and the 512K VRAM option and the ‘pizza box’ should reach or surpass the Mac II. in performance. In the Tail-Wags-Dog department rumours abound of an 040 board for the LC Also hot on the LC list is trend for manufacturers of add on LC boards to include continued on Page 25 I NIT Stories - Part 2 The basis of this article is from 'INITInfo 4.1. A Guide to INITs’ by Gary Ouellet and Glenn Brown This article is a continuation of the one that we continued in the February 1991 issue of Capital Apple There is a problem with FileMaker II with spoolers. This is known and acknowledged by both sides however, with respects to other Claris products (ie MacWrlte II, MacDraw, MacDraw II, MacProject II, MacPaint 2.0, etc), there are no known specific problems. However, any problem that may be encountered should be reported to SuperMac and Claris for verification and/or a possible solution. I’ve spoken with the head of Claris Tech Support and we both want to make sure that our products are compatible. “...but is your product better for other applications as well?..." I think so. Currently, our spoolers are practically the defacto standard and SuperSpool and Super LaserS poo I are the only spoolers that available on the market. Print Monitor comes with Apple’s System software, but is ONLY compatible with MultiFinderand LaserWriters. The AppleShare Print Server is for a network situation and TOPS Spool comes only with TOPS. But I should point out that TOPS Spool was actually Symantec/THINK Technologies’ LaserSpeed product...which has been discontinued, so updates to TOPS Spool are an unknown factor. Thunder II spell checker and Molr6 3.0 screen saver — If Molr6 kicks in when Thunder II is active, then Thunder disappears when you move the mouse to return to your application. This problem was confirmed to me by Evan Gross, the author of Thunder. He says that it is a problem in the way that Molr6 restores the menu bar. When Moir6 kicks in, it does indeed knock out Thunder II. But you don’t need to quit your application and restart. Simply call up the Control Panel, and then close it. Voila! Thunder will be back. TurboCache(PU - SyQuest Driver) - The doc forSUM II mentions that TurboCache and SUM II are incompatible. -9 - • VlrexGuard INIT must be turned off before running SUM II recovery or tuneup. • White Knight 11.02: I have discussed my problem with Tom Watson (the author of Red Ryder/White Knight), and he suggested that programs that modify the file manager (like SAM) may cause problems. (I have found that if I turn offf SAM, I no longer have download problems with White Knight). He also mentioned that Disk Express II 2.03 and White Knight don’t get along. Widgets -1 find my System bar is always 100% dark no matter what size I make the heap. Is there a sponge in the works ? I should have said up top that I’ve a Raster board and an Apple color monitor so that may be the memory sponge. • WindChooser - Conflicts with Giffer 1.01 (Giffer quits while displaying a GIF image). WindChooser conflicts with Fourth Dimension when Eric’s NeXT, Galen’s SmallTalk, or Alex’s Shrinker is chosen. 4D quits because it cannot display the ‘Structure’ window in the screen background. When jbx’s NeXT is chosen, 4D does runs fine and the ’Structure’ window is displayed. • WindowLlst 1.21 INIT and Zterm (any version): "If you can contact the author of WindowLlst, I have a message from the Zterm author describing the problem and how to probably fix it. (apparently a WindowLlst bug, not Zterm)" I presume WindowLlst 1.3 and WDEF INIT vie for the same resources — if both are installed, you’ll eventually get a System crash. • Zephyr doesn’t work with SFScroll INIT (from the doc file). INIT Problems Solved The following problems have been solved by the latest version of the software. Users should be sure to register new software asap manufacturers often mail upgrades and fixes free or at a reasonable cost. • There are conflicts using Datadesk’s 101-ADB Keyboards with Excel 2.2 and SoftPC (something to do with the programs querrying the keyboard for such as NumLock features not supported on the datadesk). Patches/fixes for both have been posted on CompuServe and things work hunky dorey after the fix. Looking for conflicts with a keyboard!! was one of the last places I would have thought to look!! • Adobe Type Manager - does not work with Illustrator 88 v.1.83 (the reason for the 1.93 update). If you install the ATM patch available on CompuServe and other places, it fixes the letterspacing problem in Word 4.0. The patch allows you to enable Fractional Widths under ImageWriter settings. • Comment 2.0 will not operate properly on the lid - Time Notes will not open a message window at the designated times. Deneba have agreed to provide a corrective free upgrade to 2.02 if I return my master, which I have done. • Cricket Graph 1.3 is incompatible with the llci, and Computer Associates is providing a free upgrade to 1.3.2 if registered users call them at (215) 889-0267. This was in InfoWorld a couple of weeks ago. • The startup icon for DiskExpress II vers. 2.00 would not appear if the Apple CD-Rom INIT loaded ahead of it. Interestingly, a space was left in the INIT-icon lineup where DiskExpress Il's should have appeared and DiskExpress II seemed to otherwise load and operate properly. Version 2.03 of DiskExpress II cleared up this problem. • Exposure 1.03 is a free upgrade for Cl owners (Exposure 1.01 wouldn't run on the Cl). • Falcon 2.01 wouldn't run with aftermarket video cards (like the RasterOPS 264) the problem has been fixed with Falcon 2.2 • If you use Finale, you should use the Command Key as the modifier key forSuitcase II, so that Finale’s ‘Option - About Finale...’ dialog can be accessed. This isn’t entirely necessary with Finale 2.0. • Findswell 2.01- this guide earlier reported problems with Findswell . These may well have been caused by earlier versions or indeed beta versions — we don’t know. The manufacturer advises that no conflicts (other than that with Handsoff 1.1.2, which should be updated by the time this is released).have been reported with the current version (2.01). We have had several reports from users who are happy with Findswell • MultiFinder 6.1 b9 is not compatable with Fourth Dimension versions 2.0.5 through 2.0.9: the color features are disabled. 4D version 2.0.10 fixes this. • SuperClock! 3.5 works fine with PageMaker 3.02. The PageMaker manual claims that SuperClock! 3.0 was the version to cause PageMaker to have the problem. • SuperLaserSpool has been updated to version 2.01. This maintenance update is recommended only for those using the following products: LaserWriter 6.0, Insight Development’s MacPrint, BDTSheetFeeder, Microsoft Works, and Odesta’s Double Helix. Additionally, SuperLaserSpool 2.01 is recommended for those concerned with fractional font widths. We’ve also been told by Acius that SuperLaserSpool 2.01 seems to have solved most of the Fourth Dimension 1 .x problems and should be compatible with 4D2.X. • White Knight 11.02 wages war on DiskExpress II 2.01. I have talked with Scott Watson about this, and he says this is ALSoft’s fault, and they are aware of it. People can phone to receive free updates. What happens is that on ZMODEM transfers, after the file has been received, and the progress window about to be put away, you getaSystem bomb(ID=10). Also, sometimes when you select a file to upload, White Knight will ignore it and refuse to send it. I have talked to Sean Neely (ALSoft Tecnical Support) about this: Disk Express 2.04 fixes all known problems, including the above. Users who are experiencing problems should call ALSoft for the free upgrade. continued on Page 25 - 10 - DeskWriter Report by David Wilson New DeskWriter Driver from Hewlett- Packard Towards the end of last year, Hewlett-Packard released a new version of their printer driver for the DeskWriter. There are two '‘flavours'’ of the driver, both at version 2.1, one being for the normal DeskWriter, and the other for the DeskWriter operating on an AppleTalk network. Here is a list of "Bugs” in the DeskWriter printer driver that have been fixed in the 2.1 Release: • DA Crash: Segmenting Defect: The Macintosh crashed when trying to print from certain Desk Accessories such as Canvas. • Super Laser Spool ™ Crashes : Super Laser Spool crashed when printing multiple copies of a document containing a bitmap. • European English Printer Resource, A4 Paper Default: The default paper size in the Page Setup menu of the European English version of the DeskWriter printer resource was improperly set to "US Letter." • Envelope Dialog Wording: When printing envelopes with the DeskWriter, the dialog box requesting the user to insert the next envelope neglected to mention that the user has. to press the "select" key on the printer keypad. • Printing Zero-Width Characters : Screen fonts containing "zero- width" characters (characters - 11 - that use negative kerning) such as the Sonata fonts, would not show up on the printed page. • Nil-Handle Heap Corruption Defect: Under certain conditions, the DeskWriter printer resource released invalid memory references (Nil-handles and errpty handles) to the operating system, causing the Macintosh Memory Manager to fail. • AppleTalk Zone Communication Problem with EtherTalk™ Networks : Under some conditions, the DeskWriter appeared in the Chooser, but would not print in non-local EtherTalk zones . • Low Level Text Call Support: Applications printing with "Low Level" commands (particularly text-streaming) are now supported. The change that has taken place with the A4 Paper Default is interesting. I have been anoyed that my machine is always defaulting to US Letter, and have been meaning to find a permanent way of fixing it. Also with the fixing of the Nil-Handle Heap Corruption, this means that the "DeskWriter Aid” INIT is no longer required. In a machine that is already running with quite anough INHHs and CDEV’s, it will be quite nice to remove one. Hopefully we will be able to make the new DeskWriter drivers available to you through our Public Domain Library. Parts re-printed from READ-ME file. H Letters to the Editor Dear Editor, HELP...I am using a//e with 1 meg RamFactor and 8 MHz Zip Chip. The printer is a Star NX- 1000 driven by a Grappler+ card. My problem is with Print Shop new ProDOS version. For instance when I come to print a monthly calendar page I get eleven passes of the print head and a message will appear “please check printer Press Esc to quit, or Press Return to continue”. I press return and things arefinefor another eleven passes then the same message appears. Thefinal product is perfect but having to sit and press return all the time is a real pain. I have heard other users do not have this problem, so I assume it is not normal. Any ideas? Ron Moroney Dear Ron It sounds like New Print Shop is waiting forthe printer to finish printing the current block of data before sending it another block. It probably has some kind of “timeout" on this, and if the printer hasn 1 said it is ready by the end of the timeout, New Print Shop is assuming that something has gone wrong (e.g. out of paper, printer offline, etc.) I suspect the problem is that New Print Shop is not taking account of the presence of the Zip Chip, and is counting too fast, causing it to time out too quickly. To confirm this, try slowing the Zip Chip down to the standard Apple II speed (1 MHz) then running New Print Shop and doing the same printout. If you are still getting "please check printer messages, then the computer's speed isn't the problem. If the messages do go away, try running the Zip Chip at full speed (8 MHz) but slow down the slot that the Grappler+ is in. This may slow down New Print Shop's timeout sufficiently to prevent the "please check printer messages. If it doesn't, you may have to resort to slowing down the Zip Chip while running New Print Shop. It may be possible to run it at some intermediate speed, say 4 MHz. Try several speeds until you find the fastest one that DOESN'T ask you to check the printer. Dear Editor Could someone please tell me what the Responder IN IT in the System Folder does? The Responder I NIT is used on AppleTalk networks to provide information about the individual machines on the network. There is a network diagnosis software called InterPoll, which allows network administrators to service and maintain large AppleTalk networks. This software can display useful information about every machine on the network (such as the version of System Software installed, the name of the user, the version of the printer driver used, etc.). In order to be able to do this, the Responder IN IT must be installed on each machine on the network. This INITresponds to queries sent by InterPoll and provides the information, which is then presented to the network administrator by InterPoll. Since this INIT doesn't steal any time (and uses up almost no RAM), I would recommend that you leave it in your system folder whenever you are connected to any kind of network. 12 - Letters to the Editor - cont'd Howdy! I just ordered me a Mac LCfor home yesterday, and would like to start doing some self-taught programming. I’ve decided that Pascal is the route for me (having seen enough C code to know it is beyond me - my mind isn’t built for it). What I’d like is some input as to which Pascal is the better. I am on a fairly tight budget, so it can’t cost too much. It doesn’t need togivemethepowerto leap tall buildings, and certainly not so much that you end up leaping OFFtall buildings from the frustration. I have not ever really done anything in Pascal - I learn programming by example and by understanding the structure, and I’ve examined enough Pascal code to at least get started. Primarily, which Pascals do you use, what are their pros and cons, how good are the manuals, and what are the upgrade policies? If you’ve had opportunity to use more than one, how do they compare? Also, is reading Inside Macintosh the best way for a beginning programmer to learn about such things as the “toolbox” and other vague entities? I really appreciate any help on this. No, absolutely not. Inside Macintosh is very confusing for the beginning programmer and even for some experienced programmers. The problem is that Inside Mac volumes are organized chronologically, so something you read about in volume I, may be deleted or changed in volume 5. Also, to read Inside Mac, you need some fairly technical knowledge of memory management, etc. The absolute best way I have ever seen to learn Macintosh programming, (assuming you already know a high level language like Pascal) is to get the three-part series called "Macintosh Revealed"by Stephen Chernikoff. These three books take you through every facet of Macintosh programming and the examples are written in Pascal (the toolbox's "native" language). In fact, the"Macintosh Revealed" series is so complete, so well organized and so easy to understand, I'd suggest all beginning programmers buy this set instead of Inside Macintosh. True, Inside Macintosh is the definitive reference, but I can assure you "Macintosh Revealed" has almost everything you need and you will get a lot more use out of it than Inside Macintosh. Dear Editor Can I safely hook two Macs together using a null-modem cable (I am thinking of my ImageWriter 11 cable, which should be identical to a null-modem)? What about Appletalk (can I do it with the above cable, or do I need the actual appletalk connectors even though the network has only two nodes)? I just need to transfer a few megs of data, but I really don’t want to haul floppies. This works like a charm: just plug the two printer and/or modem ports together with the printer cable. For the file transfer itself, I would recommend Public Folder, which is in the Macintosh Public Domain Library. It is not real fast, but (once you have moved the files to be transferred into the "public" folder and started the transfer) it is completely automatic. I moved about 20 meg last week this way. Parts of Letters to the Editor are extracts from USEnet. «t Letters to the Editor can be posted on WAUG SHORTS or mailed to WAUG at P.O. Box 6642, Wellington. Call the experts, we may not have all the solutions, but chances are we have one to your problem. - 13 - Apple II Public Domain $5.00 per disk , or $3.00 if you provide your own disk. If you are ordering by mail, please include money or stamps for return postage. No new disks this month. A point about last month’s disk #44 (Wheel of Fortune): it definitely requires AT LEAST a 128k enhanced lie (or a lie, llgs, Laser 128, etc.) This was mentioned in last month’s issue, but I just wantto emphasize it here. If you are intending to order this disk and you have a lie, please make sure it has 128k of memory and is enhanced (i.e. built in numeric keypad, or “65C02 enhanced" label over the power light on the keyboard). We will be releasing a full catalog of all the Apple II, llgs and Macintosh public domain software with next month’s Capital Apple. The catalog will include all disks released up to this month’s Capital Apple. We also have a disk-based copy of the catalog available. The catalog is an AppleWorks Word Processor file, so you can load it into AppleWorks and find the disks you are interested in. The llgs catalog is included on the same disk. There is also a program on the disk to read or print the catalog, in case you don’t have AppleWorks. The disk-based catalog will be updated regularly as new P.D. disks are added to the library. The disk-based catalog is available for the price of the disk it is on, i.e. $2.00, or free if you provide your own disk. To order the Apple II PD catalog, specify "A2.CAT" on your order. My apologies to anyone who had their order delayed over Christmas - I was unable to process any orders from late December until the end of February. 4 - 14- $8.00 per disk, or $5.00 if you provide your own disk. If you are ordering by mail, please include If you are ordering Nucleus, specify “Nucleus money or stamps for return postage. Original" or “Nucleus ROM 03". SPECIAL OFFER We have built up a reasonable collection of demonstration and utility programs from the FTA (Free Tools Association, a group of programmers in France). These programs are simply amazing - they really show you what the llgs is capable of in graphics and sound. Note: all of these programs require AT LEAST 1 megabyte of RAM in your llgs, and must be booted from (they cannot be copied onto a hard drive, but are not copy protected). The programs available are listed below. We have already released some of these, as indicated in the descriptions. As a special offer, if you order three or more of these programs, you can have them for $2 off the normal price (i.e. $6 each, or $3 if you provide the disks). Nucleus Draws pre-def ined three-dimensional objects and rotates them under user control, on a background of moving stars. There is animation all over the place. Music (any one of four tunes) is played in the background. The user can select the object, control the speed of rotation around the X, Y and Z axes, control the number of stars and select the background music. There are two versions of Nucleus. The first version (which we gave away copies of at the 1989 Christmas function) doesn’t work on a “ROM 03" llgs, while the second version (previously available as GS.Demo.9) works on both ROM 01 and ROM 03 machines with at least 1 megabyte of RAM. Other than having a different startup sequence, they appear to be identical. Space Harrier Demo A demonstration of the game Space Harrier, in which you are flying a spaceship over a planet’s surface. The screen shows the view in front of you in three dimensions. Speedy Smith A 3.5" disk copying utility (which we gave away copies of at the 1990 Christmas function). Copy progress is indicated graphically using vertical bars that gradually fill up. Errors are indicated using different colours. One and Two drive copying is supported, as is “batch" copying (i.e. making multiple copies of the same disk). The prompts are in French, but don’t take much effort to interpret, as the accompanying graphics are very clear. Photonlx Another disk copying utility, based on Speedy Smith, but with an even better user interface. Both Photonix and Speedy Smith are VERY fast for straight disk-to-disk copies. Only 3.5" disks are supported. I think they are even faster than Copy II Plus versions 8 or 9 doing a sector copy. Modulae This is a demonstration of three dimensional animation, showing different types of objects (wire frame, solid, etc.). The user can select the objeetto draw and move between modules which draw different kinds of objects. X-Mas Demo A “hodge-podge" of graphics and sound demonstrations, including some pretty amazing animation of graphics and text (such as scrolling text in the screen border area!) 4 -15- The System Folder by Morris Herman General New owners of Macintosh, and some veterans, are befuddled by the number and the purpose of the flies located in the System folder. In many cases users could benefit from putting their System on a diet and removing those files un-necessary for their own particular Macintosh system, thus running the bare essentials. To that end this article describes the purpose of each file and the environment that requires that file. The files mentioned in this article are only those files/documents supplied by Apple on its System disks. Some users will have additional files in their System folder that are requested to be placed their by the application programs that they run, or by Inits, & CDEV’s they have collected. The files that are needed by the Macintosh vary according to the computer you have. Gone are the days of only one type of Macintosh. Another variable is whether you are going to run MultiFinder, (and if you have only 1 meg of RAM then you shouldn’t), and/or AppleShare, and the type of printer you have. Here, then, is my list of Apple’s System Folder files with comments as to their suitability for the Mac 512Ke, MacPlus, Classic, SE» SE/30, Portable, Mac LC, Mac II, Ilsi, Ilex, Ilci, Mac IIx, Mac Ilfx. The codes (in brackets) that follows the file description are as follows: Finder System Mac Model • All - all Mac’s listed above • SE - Mac SE only • 30 - Mac SE/30 only • II - All Mac II family models including the Mac LC • P - Mac Portable • C - Mac Classic Environment • MF - MultiFinder only • AS - Apple Share Printer • IW - Imagewriter I or II or compatable • AIW - AppleTalk Imagewriter • LQ - Imagewriter LQ • ALQ - AppleTalk Imagewriter LQ • LW - LaserWriter I, Plus, II, NT, NTXor equivalent • LWSC - LaserWriter SC The Files 1. AppleShare - Chooser document for accessing an AppleShare device. (All, AS) 2. AppleTalk Imagewriter - Chooser document for the use of a networked Imagewriter (All, AIW) 3. Backgrounder - Used to spool LaserWriter output under Multifinder for background printing. (All, MF, LW) 4. Clipboard - Used to hold copied or cut data that exceeds available memory. (All) -16- 5. Closeview - Control panel document for magnifying the screen for the use of the visually impaired. (All) 6. Color - Control panel document for controlling desktop and icons colour. (30, II) 7. DA HAndler - Handles all desk accessories under Multifinder. (All, MF) 8. Easy Access - a startup document used to enable handicapped persons to type multiple key combinations with one finger. (All) 9. Finder - Application that handles the desktop with all of its file mangement, icons, and application launching. (All) 10. Finder Startup - Document that contains the startup configuration under multifinder. (All, MF) 11. General - Controlpanel document that contains the desktop appearance, time and date, volume of sound, menu and insertion point clicking rate as well as the RAM cache. (All) 12. ImageWriter - Chooser document for the Imagewriter. (All, IW) 13. Key Layout - Document used to identify the layout of the keyboard for the Keycaps desk accessory. (All) 14. Keyboard - Control Panel document that controls the key repeat rate and delay until repeat time. (All) 15. Laser Prep - LaserWriter doucument that converts QuickDraw commands to PostScript. (All, LW) iron PtI ■ 16. LaserWriter - Chooser document for the use of the LaserWriter. (All, LW) 17. LaserWriter IISC - Chooser document for for use of the LaserWriter IISC. (All. LWSC) 18. LQ AppleWriter LQ - Chooser document for the networked letter quality Appletalk Imagewriter LQ. (All, ALQ) 19. LQ AppleWriter - Chooser document for the Letter Quality Imagewriter. (All, LQ) 20. MacroMaker - Startup doucument for the generation and use of keyboard macros. (All) 21. Map - Control Panel documentto locate cities by latitude and longitude and show differing time zones. (All) 22. Monitors - Control Panel document for setting up external monitors operation. (30, II) 23. Mouse - Control Panel documentor mouse tracking and double-clicking interval control. (All) 24. MultiFinder-Application that handles “multitasking". (All, MF) 25. Portable - Control Panel document for setting various parameter sof the Macintosh Portable. (P) 26. PrintMonitor - Application that controls the background printing on the LaserWriter when MultiFinder is operating. (All, MF, LW) 27. Scrapbook - File that contains data pasted in when using the Scrapbook DA. (All) - 17 - Startup Device continued on Page 25 Word Troubles? Moving tables between documents Have you had problems trying to move tables between documents? One document consists of the table. You select the entire document and copy it to the clipboard. Then you open another document and paste in the table. The column lines are unchanged, but it appears as if there is not room forthe characters across the columns of a row, and they are moved to additional lower row. Judging from the non-WYSIWYG reproduction of the problem, it appears that the new document has a default “Normal” style that is different from the “Normal” in the original document If so, you are moving from, say, the original’s 10-pt “Normal” to the new document’s 12-pt “Normal”, or possibly from Times “Normal” to New York “Normal”. (Text moved from one document to another acquires the new document’s style characteristics, if the same style name exists in the new document. And __all_ Word documents have at least one style, “Normal”.) So, first of all, be sure that the default “Normal” styles of the two documents are identical. But, if that’s not the problem... You can minimize transfer problems by defining unique styles for your tables. Thus you might have a style “column left” (defined as left-aligned) which you might apply to the first column, and another style “column right” (for right-aligned) which you might apply to all your other columns. You might also have a third style “table heading” which is centered and bold, and is applied to the top row of your table (and, thus, overrides the styles “column left”and “column right”). First, define and apply such styles to the tables in your original document. Next, open your new document and import the original’s styles before you import the table data to your new document. The easiest way to do this is to open the “Define Styles...”(Command-T) dialog in the new document, and then, while this dialog is still open, “Open”(Command-0) your old document to import all of its styles. Then close the dialog, and import the tables or the entire document. Even so, you can still have problems if your tables have odd or anomalous cells (e.g., a centered heading cell above a column of right-aligned data). In such instances, Word tends to lose at least some of the font size and column alignment information. I have yet to find the pattern in this behavior... sometimes it does, sometimes it doesn’t. But at least you can reformat the new tables fairly easily by simply selecting the delinquent cells and RE- applying the appropriate styles to them. Have fun. Maybe Word 5.0 will have tables that are user-friendlier. Snaked text around graphics: Have you tried this? Insert the graphic, and make it its own paragraph. Select that paragraph and go to Format Paragraph Position. In the appropriate box, type the coordinates of where you want the graphic to appear; don’t worry if they’re not exact. Then, click the preview button. Now, choose the margin tool in the Print Preview window. With this tool selected, you can clickon yourgraphic and move it around on the page. The coordinates will be updated in the Position Paragraph dialog box you just left. Disappearing table text Had the weirdest problem with a Word table yesterday — thought you all might like to know about it. There was a paragraph in a table cell that only showed up if we did Print Preview or printed the table. If we showed the table normally (what Word calls Galley View) continued on Page 25 - 18 - If you have a rush... LONG F^UrvI or PRINTING JOB TO GET OUT ON TIME... Letterbox Advertising Wedding Invitations Social Club Tickets Business Cards Programme Raffle Tickets Magazines Letterheads Labels Pads ...JUST TELEPHONE 268-531 OR CALL AT 29a Montgomery Crescent, Upper Hutt - 19 - II Murmurs by Tracey Dvorak Rumours are afoot of anew version of the llgs Finder in the works (System 6.0?), including the ability to get information on program versions and comments, and several other “nice newfeatures". Will Apple provide support for the Macintosh Hierarchical File System (HFS) at the same time? HyperCard GS was scheduled to be released in “Mid-February” (see last month’s Capital Apple). Apparently they were already shipping it by the end of January! It isn’t very often that a program’s release date is brought forward. We have yet to hear about its availability in New Zealand, so stay tuned. This program could be an excellent excuse to buy a hard drive or extra memory (at least 1.5 MB is required). Converting between Macintosh HyperCard 1.2.5 and HyperCard GS stacks should be possible in the near future. Apple are working on a utility to perform the translation (which will initially only support Mac to llgs stack conversion). The utility comes in two parts, one running on the Mac and the other on the llgs. The Mac utility analyses a HyperCard stack and creates an “intermediate” file, which can be copied onto an Apple llgs disk using Apple File Exchange. The llgs utility uses the intermediate file to create a HyperCard GS stack. The utilities also take care of the differences in screen resolution. All of the graphics and objects in the stack can be translated, along with HyperTalk scripts. Any XCMDs and XFCNs (external commands and functions) associated with the stack can not be translated automatically. Following hot on the heels of Vitesse (see the December 1990 issue), Seven Hills Software have released Independence (US$39.95), another set of GS/OS drivers for the HP DeskJet, DeskJet Plus, DeskJet 500 and LaserJet IIP. We have yet to hear of support for these printers on 8-bit Apple I Is. No news yet on whether Apple’s new LaserWriter LS and Sty leWriter (see the Stop Press in last month’s Capital Apple) will work with existing Apple II or llgs software. Optical Character Recognition comes to the Apple II with InWords, by Alan Bird (of Birds Better Bye, TimeOut, AppleWorks 3.0 update, QuickSpell and Beagle Compiler fame), from WestCode Software. InWords works in conjunction with the Vitesse Quickie (or compatible) hand scanner. The text to be processed is scanned, and InWords processes the resulting graphic image. It can handle columns of text as well as blocks of text wider than the scanner (by merging two separate scans). InWords can be taught new typefaces, but it won’t handle dot-matrix, standard resolution faxes or handwriting. InWords requires an enhanced lie or llgs and at least 512k of RAM. The price is around US$100 (scanner is additional). The Quickie Scanner is of the hand-held type, about twice as wide as a mouse (an image 4 inches wide can be scanned, with the length * - 20 - depending on available memory). Its scanning resolution is switch- selectable between 100, 200, 300 and 400 dots per inch. The scanner connects to the computer via an interface card. Scanning software is included for the lie and llgs. The lie version can only scan black and white images, and can save to high-res or double high-res files. The llgs version can handle 16-level grey scales and can save 320- and 640-mode super high-res graphics images. It also supports high-res, double high-res and Print Shop GS formats. Retail price is US$299. The Apple II Video Overlay Card may now be an option for New Zealand schools with money to spend (contradiction in terms!) Apparently a PAL version of the card is now available in Australia. Whether it will appear here is unknown. The Video Overlay Card allows the computer’s video output to be combined with another source (such as a video recorder or camera) and displayed on an external monitor or recorded on video. It works with a lie or llgs, and is supported by HyperStudio on the llgs. The price of the PAL Video Overlay Card is unknown, but the original NTSC version (in the USA) cost around US$500. The Apple lie emulation card forthe Macintosh LC is due to be released in the USA during March. The card can have Apple 5.25” drives and a joystick connected directly to it, and it is able to use the LC’s screen, 3.5" drive, hard drive, printer and modem ports, sound output, keyboard, mouse and AppleTalk interface. The emulator is effectively an Apple lie, since it has no slots (all of the I/O devices look like slots to software, in the same manner as the lie’s built-in I/O ports). The emulator won’t run Apple llgs software. While running in Apple II mode, the LC cannot be used for anything else (the emulator takes over the entire screen, and the LC is kept busy handling the various I/O tasks). The Macintosh Classic is proving to be popular with schools, which are setting up AppleTalk/ AppleShare networks with several Classics on them. It should not be forgotten that the Apple llgs and enhanced 128k Apple lie can also be connected to an AppleTalk network. A llgs has built-in support for AppleTalk, while a lie requires an interface card. Networked Apple I Is can be booted from an AppleShare file server (you could even have an Apple II without any disk drives!), while a Macintosh must be booted from a disk drive connected to the computer. The Apple II treats the file server as a normal ProDOS volume with additional features (such as logging on, file access protection, file sharing, etc.) Some Apple II programs need a special “network-aware” version to be able to run them from the file server (AppleWorks is one example). An Apple II can print to any ImageWriter or LaserWriter connected to the network. Apple llgs programs have full control over the LaserWriter, as do some Apple lie programs (such as Publish It!). The LaserWriter can also be made to emulate an ImageWriter for those programsthat don’t support PostScript. 4 Our team of dedicated reporters is waiting for YOUR news item. Call NOW and we can hold the presses. -21 - Where Was Woz at the AGM? W&W8M by Allan Honey and Kathy Rebello (USA TODAY) Most WAUG members will recall that the Wellington Apple Users’ Group has a Patron. His name is Stephen G. Wozniak, known better in computer circles as “Woz”. For those who haven’t clicked yet, Woz, together with Steven P. Jobs were the co¬ founders of Apple Computer, Inc making millionaires of both of them at age 25. Neither is involved with Apple Computers now but their influences are still evident. A feather in our hat is that Woz and family attended WAUG’s Christmas function in 1984 (the same year WAUG was founded!). Not onfy that, the next year he returned and bought Andy Hertzfeld, Apple II and Macintosh programmer extraordinare with him!! We haven’t heard much from Woz since 1985. He left Apple after a “tifF with Jobs and sold his Apple Stock for $70 million. He formed a new company CL9 to make remote control devices, but three years and $2 million later, Woz washed his hands of that too. At various times we have heard rumours of Woz learning Spanish, learning Law, training to become a school teacher, numerous trips to Russia and apperances on Television Game Shows!! However, eagle-eyed WAUG member Laurence Gooding picked up the December 27, 1990 issue of USA TODAY (International Edition) which reports that “In recent months, Wozniak has been busy transforming his $1 million Los Gatos hills home into a $4 million playhouse - for himself, his wife, Suzanne Mulkem (they were married Nov. 17), - 22 - and their six children (each parent has three from prior marriges, ages 3 to 15).” “Already done is a $700,000 cave built out of an 800-square-foot subterranean room beneath Wozniak’s patio. This looks like a miniature Carlsbad Cavern complete with stalactites, tiny passageways, cubbyholes with skulls, veins of amethyst crystals, bits of coral, even prehistoric pain tings...plus electrical outlets, video and audio outlets, phone jacks and smoke detectors” “It was a whim”, beams Wozniak. To make the cave look authentic, Woz hired staff from the California Academy of Sciences. They created foam structures, then sprayed them with gunnite for a rough, cave-hewn look. The effect is so real, Woz says, “kids line up to see it”, “I want them to have a neat experience”. Well looks like Steve forgot the glow¬ worms!!! Lets hope he reads this (he gets CAPITAL APPLE sent to him every month) and wants to bring the family back to New Zealand to see some real caves. You never know, next month we may report “WOZ WOWED AT WAITOMOU” by David Empson Any Apple II user with a modem should be using Shrinklt. This is the standard utility for compressing files sent by modem. Most Apple II specific files on bulletin boards and online services (CompuServe, GEnie, etc.) are compressed using Shrinklt. The following is an extract from the documentation written by Karl Bunker that is supplied with Shrinklt: Shrinklt is a utility program for archiving files and disks. “Archiving", in this usage, refers to the process of placing files or disks “within" another file — the archive file. Archiving is usually done to prepare the files/disks for transmission via modem, or for storage purposes. Thus, an archive file, whether created with Shrinklt or another archiving utility, will be a file which serves as an envelope, containing one or more other files, or complete disks. There are a number of reasons for archiving files before transmitting them with a modem. The principal reason is that an archive provides a means of sending the “attributes"of a file — its filetype and other information — along with the file itself. An archive also allows several related files (or an entire disk) to be packed together into a single file. True archiving utilities will also have the capability of compressing the files they contain to minimize the transmission time and disk space the archive requires. Shrinklt uses a highly efficient compression algorithm known as Ziv-Lempel compression, and creates archive files with a format called NuFX. Shrinklt and Shrinklt-GS are currently the standard archiving utilities for Apple II telecommunications. Shrinklt can unpack files which have been archived with Shrinklt, as well as those which have been packed with certain other file-packing utilities, such as BLU and ACU. Shrinklt and similar archiving programs can be useful for non-modem users, particularly for making backups that take less space than the original, or mailing as many files as possible on as few disks as possible. There are five different versions of Shrinklt: GSHK is a llgs desktop program. It is the most capable version of Shrinklt, supporting a much wider range of archival file types than the other versions. It is also the only version of Shrinklt that supports GS/OS files containing resource forks. The latest version is 1.04. SHRINKIT requires a lie or enhanced 128k lie. It is the program on which all of the others are based. It uses the text screen, and provides a large number of features other than compressing and decompressing archives. It also supports copying, deleting, renaming and typing files, creating subdirectories, formatting disks, etc. The latest version is 3.2. IIPLUS.SHRINKIT is a cut-down version of SHRINKIT which will work on any Apple II, including a 11+ or unenhanced 64k lie. It only uses the 40 column text screen. This program only supports the creation of archives. The current version is 1.3. IIPLUS.UNSHRINK is the companion program to IIPLUS.SHRINKIT, also running on any Apple II. It only supports the extraction of files and disk images from archives. The current version is 2.0. UNSHRINK (also known as AUTO UnShrinklt) works on any Apple II. It only supports the extraction of filesfrom archives. This program can be useful if you use a ProDOS-8 shell - 23 - program such as DAVEX, ECP-8 or PROSEL, since you can specify the name of an archive to extract files from on the command line. The entire archive is extracted to the current directory. Auto UnShrinklt supports “scavenging”, i.e. attempting to extract as many undamaged files as possible from a damaged archive (e.g. if an archive transferred by modem was corrupted). It also supports the Echo and SlotBuster speech cards - it will read out the names of the files as it extracts them. All of these programs (except GSHK) are available from our public domain library (on disk /WAUG.36). This disk is updated whenever a new version becomes available. Shrinklt3.2 is the latest addition. Its main new features: - A RENAME function has been added. - Files containing llgs resource forks are now indicated by a V next to their filetype. - GS/OS lower case filename are displayed. - The Catalog, Rename, Delete, Type and Create commands now work on the Copy/ Extract commands’ destination directory (rather than the source directory). - It is now safe to archive the directory in which you are creating an archive (Shrinklt will just skip over the archive file). - You now have the option of skipping over files with resource forksduring archive creation or copying. - Inaccessible files on AppleShare will be skipped during archiving. The following archives are now handled by Shrinklt: NuFX (Shrinklt), standalone or inside any of Binary II, MacBinary or Macintosh America- Online. Binary II, standalone or inside either Binary II or MacBinary. ACU, standalone or inside either Binary II or MacBinary. SQ Only the innermost archive type will be displayed (use Auto UnShrinklt if you want to know what type of archive a file is). - Up to 500 files can be extracted at a time (rather than 450). - If a duplicate filename occurs during copy or extract operations, you now have the options of “Overwrite All” duplicate files, or “Skip Duplicates”. This saves having to select the overwrite/skip button for each duplicate file. - Unpacking is slightly faster. Packing is marginally faster. - Forked files in archives now show up as type “Forked” instead of “File”. - Some bugs fixed with displaying available disk drives. - .SQ files are now recognised as SQueezed (rather than just .QQ). - Creation dates are now copied correctly. - The “fast-format” option has been removed. - 24 - The System Folder - cont'd continued from Page 17 28. Sound - Control Panel document for controlling the type of soundfor an alert, and also the volume. (SE, 30, II, P) 29. Startup Device - Control Panel document for selecting the startup volume (disk) if multiple hard disks are connected. (SE, 30, II, P) 30. System - File that contains the system resources, desk accessories & fonts. (All) 31. Brightness - A control Panel document that contains information on the brightness settings for the Macintosh Classic. (C) Reprinted from "The Mouse Times.’ Newsletter of the Santa Barbara Macintosh Users Group. California. - October 1990 - Updated. (30 Word Troubles? - cont'd continued from Page 18 or in Page View, the paragraph wasn’t there at all! Got any ideas as to what might cause this? The answer turned out to be that the wayward paragraph was actually from the cell to the right of the one wherein it appeared. The paragraph’s left indent had accidently been set to about -1 inch, which is why (when it did appear) it showed up in the cell to the left of where it really came from. Doesn’t Word have some terrific gotchas? Parts of this article re-printed from USE net - February 1991 Mac Murmurs - cont'd continued from Page 8 a co-processor socket, regardless of their boards final function (be it a large screen driver, or network card, etc). This seems a really good idea so that 2 functions can be combined in one and maximise the LC’s single slot. Definitely NOT hot (in the colloquial sense, but hot in the literal sense) is the LC power supply. Be very careful of 3rd party internal hard disks and the power they consume. Apples internal hard drive for the Classic and LC is a very clever, fast, low-powered performer. Few 3rd party drives can match it at present. Until next month - keep your ears to the ground. ^ INIT Stories - cont'd continued from Page 10 • Wlngz 1.0 was slow printing with LaserWriter 6.0 (it worked fine with 5.2). Wlngz 1.1 has fixed the problem. • XTree Mac 1.02 has a problem with MacWrlte II in the following way: If you installed Xtree Revlve-A-Flle, MacWrlte II would crash on boot (ID 002). Xtree acknowledged this incompatibility last June and has released version 1.03 to correct it. So far, it looks like the conflict has been resolved. The new version is available free on request. •/ * * -25- The notice board is a free service to WAUG members. Any non-commercial item can be placed on the notice board - Buy, Sell, Swap, Information wanted, etc etc. To place an item on the notice board, just drop a note to the Editor. WANTED TO SELL • Macintosh SE Keyboard $200.00 • Apple II + /IIe compatible full height disk drive. With cable but no case. Brand new with 30 day warranty $175.00 • Apple IIGS 256K card $100.00 • Apple lie 80 col text card $40.00 Contact John McLellan on (04) 845-415 or write P.O. Box 45- 002 Lower Hutt. • Printer Ribbons : Various including Epson MX80, FX80, Star N10, Commodore CP80, 4022, Seikosha 80, Oki 84, NDK 2000/4000, Brother DM5, DM40, 9030, and some others, give me a ring. Pirces Retail less 65% . Contact John McLellan on (04) 845-415 or write P.O. Box 45- 002 Lower Hutt. / • Star NL-10 Printer. With ImageWriter II Compatiable serial interface. 10 inch cartridge. 120 cps draft, 30 cps NLQ. On second ribbon now. Price $350.00 ono. Contact Jit Lim on (04) 4950- 406 (work) or (04) 781-806 (home). • Apple lie compiter, Monitor and Disk Drive: includes user manual, 80 column text card manual, software: Dos, AppleWorks + Tutor, Games. $ 525.00 ono. Contact Mike Fleming on (04) 758-945 • Printer card + interface. New. Normally $157.00, sell at $90.00 Contact Mike Fleming on (04) 758-945 • Paul Shelly, now of Auckland has a //e for sale, $500.00 ono. 1 Contact Paul Shelly, Wellesley St P.O., Auckland • Smack-a-Mac ! - Get yours for $15 at the next WAUG meeting or contact Allan Honey. The Smack-a-Mac comes complete with its own manual and Warranty. See the man from AH HA HA (Allan Honey). WANTED WANTED WANTED • Non working or neglected Apple lie’s or clones Contact John McLellan on (04) 845-415 or write P.O. Box 45-002 Lower Hutt. • 3 1/2" drive for an Apple lie Contact Howard Barker on (04) 771-718 • Extended 80 column card. Printer, AppleWorks for an Apple //e. Contact Pete Barr on (04) 788-832 Look Out for your 1991 WAUG Public Domain Catalogue with next months PostScript The Wellington Apple Users’ Group is anon-profit organisation formed in April 1984 with the following objectives: To exchange and disseminate information among the members concerning the computer arts and sciences. • To publish books, newsletters, magazines and periodicals for the benefit and education of the members and the general public. • To conduct and sponsor seminars, lectures and courses relating to the computer arts and sciences. • To provide technical assistance to members of the group. • To seek privileges and discounts for members. SUBSCRIPTIONS Subscriptions are $35 per year, from 1st January to 31st December BULLETIN BOARD The User Group's electronic bulletin board is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The number is (04) 278-817. To access it, you need a 300,1200,1200/75 or 2400 BAUD modem. COMMITTEE MEMBERS Home Phone Work Phone Patron Steve Wozniak n/a n/a President Allan Honey 638-470 847-789 Vice President Paul Messervy 768-035 770-430 Committee: Secretary Erik Westra 769-112 n/a Treasurer Ross MacDonald 786-322 n/a Layout Editor David Wilson 286-559 n/a Contributions Editor Bruce Macbryde 795-747 n/a Group Products Bruce Macbryde 795-747 n/a Mac PD Software Bruce Hoult 772-116 n/a Erik Westra 769-112 n/a // PD Software Bill Clark 843-588 n/a //gs PD Software David Empson 849-158 856-611 Publicity Helen Wisenam-Dare 878-237 n/a Paper Library Paul Messervy 768-035 770-430 Meeting Co-ordinator Cameron Kay 375-895 842-724 Membership Grant Collison 853-687 853-687 Committee members prefer to be contacted before 9:00 PM Please do not phone Allan Honey, David Empson or Bruce Hoult before 10:00 AM This magazine was produced using a Macintosh. Software used was Microsoft Word 4.0, Microsoft Works, and PageMaker 3.02. Proof sheets were prepared on a Hewlett-Packard DeskWriter. The originals were prepared on an Apple LaserWriter courtesy of CHAPLOW PHOTOGRAPHICS, LOWER HUTT and offset printed by SANDIFORD PRINTERS of Upper Hutt. Views expressed in this magazine are not necessarily the same as the Editor or those of the Wellington Apple Users Group as a whole. Various Trademarks and Tradenames used in this magazine are the property of someone else. They know who they are. Copyright remains with the owner at all times. Contributions are made to the magazine gratis, but fame and popularity are bound to come to those writing, along with the occasional lawsuit. Copy is preferred as a diskette file (any Apple format). Hard copy is also acceptable (although somewhat painful for the Editor). All correspondence should be addressed to: The Wellington Apple Users Group, P. O. Box 6642, Wellington.