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This unretouched photograph is of trash discharge
scooped from a Super-Jet lint cleaner in actual opera-
tion on moderately trashy machine picked cotton. You
can see plenty of trash... leaves, stems, motes... and
a lot of nep-stock. But there’s no spinable fiber.
Super-Jet gives you a better net turnout of good spin-
ning-quality fiber because it takes out trash; leaves
AND NO MOVING PARTS IS THE REASON
Here is a cross section of a Super-Jet.
It has no moving parts — no beaters,
no saws — nothing to create neps,
nothing to wear out. A Lummus de-
velopment of gentle air-streams does
the work. Write for Bulletin 639.
LUMMUS COTTON GIN CO.
COLUMBUS, GEORGIA ° DALLAS FRESNO MEMPHIS.
CONTINENTAL'S | ap Cleaner
Has No Screens to Restrict Discharge
of Sticks, Stems, Hulls and Motes
Outstanding success and extremely heavy demand for this efficient
cleaner have been due to its tremendous cleaning capacity. This cross sec-
tion view shows arrangement of revolving serrated discs which effec-
tively extract foreign matter from roughly picked cotton in quantities
that no conventional cylinder cleaner can remove. The recurring problem
of cleaning screens — always a nuisance — is also eliminated.
Write for Bulletin 190-B which gives complete description.
Entered as second-class matter February 4, 1905, at the Post O/fice at Dallas, Texas, Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1897
BOSS, IT'S THESE LATE SOLVENT SHIPMENTS
THAT ARE HOLDING UP PRODUCTION! WE'RE
GETTING SO USED TO LATE DELIVERIES, WE
CALL OUR PURCHASING AGENT
THE LATE MR. AKERBY!
LEAVE IT TO
TAKE A MEMO
AND IF YOU
CAN’T FIND A
GET OUR SOLVENT
HERE ON TIME
YOU'LL BE THE
LATE MR. AKERBY
IN YOUR JOB!
YOU COULDN’T HAVE
SHOWN UP AT A
BETTER TIME! MAYBE
YOU CAN HELP ME
OUT OF A JAM OUR
TO SEE YOU
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FORGET YOUR SOLVENT
WHEN YOU SWITCH TO
BOY! AM | GLAD
| LEARNED ABOUT
NICE WORK! THERE
SKELLYSOLVE IN TIME!
WON'T BE ANY MORE
“LATE” MR. AKERBY
TALK SINCE YOU
SWITCHED TO SKELLYSOLVE
EVERY SHIPMENT’S ON TIME
—AND NOT ONE CASE OF
It may pay you to get further information about
Skellysolve for Animal and Vegetable Oil Extraction
SKELLYSOLVE-B. Making edible oils and
meals from soybeans, corn germs, flax-
seed, peanuts, cottonseed and the like.
Closed cup flash point about -25°F.
SKELLYSOLVE-C. Making both edible
and inedible oils and meals, particu-
larly where lower volatility than that
of Skellysolve-B is desired because of
warm condenser water. Closed cup
flash point about 13°F.
SKELLYSOLVE-F. Extracting cottonseed,
soybean meals and other products in
laboratory analytical work. Originally
made to conform to A.O.C.S. specifica-
tions for petroleum ether, and pharma-
ceutical extractions, where finest qual-
ity solvent is desired. Closed cup flash
point about -50°F.
SKELLYSOLVE-H. Making edible and in-
edible oils and meals where greater
volatility is desired than that o
Skellysolve C or L. Closed cup flash
point about -16°F.
SKELLYSOLVE-L. For degreasing meat
scraps, extracting oil-saturated fuller’s
earth or other general extraction. Closed
cup flash point about 12°F.
Ask about our new
Skelly Petroleum Insoluble Grease.
Skellysolve. Why not. write or.call us.today?
SKELLY OIL COMPANY
605 West 47th Street, Kansas City 41, Mo.
3 COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
JUNE 2, 1956
The Cotten Gin ond Oi Mill
* ON OUR COVER:
PR INN School's out! And, don’t let the demure behaviour
af y She of the young lady on our cover fool you for a
See ; minute. As soon as she rounds the corner out of
mother’s sight she will cut loose and display all
the joy that she feels because there’s no more
school for days and days and days. Of course, if
she were a boy he wouldn't wait to cut loose and
mother already would be wondering what on
earth she is going to find to keep him occupied
until next September. Don’t worry, though, both
the boys and girls will manage to keep busy and
fall will come all too soon for them, if not for
Photograph by A. Devaney
Rok nasi eae
JUNE 2, 1956 No. 11
The Cotton Gin and
Oil Mill PRESS...
READ BY COTTON
CRUSHERS AND OTHER
FROM CALIFORNIA TO
THE COTTON GIN AND
Oil MILL PRESS
WALTER B. MOORE
744 Jackson Place, N.W.
Washington 6, D. C.
National Cotton Ginners’ ;
HAUGHTON PUBLISHING COMPANY
Alabama Cotton Ginners’
Chairman of the Board
DICK HAUGHTON, JR.
California Cotton Ginners’ ; a
President and Advertising Manager
The Carolinas Ginners’
GEORGE H. TRAYLOR
Executive Vice-President and
Georgia Cotton Ginners’
New Mexico Cotton
IVAN } CAMPBELL
B. P. RIDGWAY
Domestic: 1 year $3; 2 years $5; 3 years $7. Foreign: Latin-
American countries $10; all others $15 per year. (Not accepted
for “Iron Curtain” countries.) All subscriptions cash with order.
Oklahoma Cotton Ginners’
Tennessee Cotton Ginners’
Texas Cotton Ginners’
Tue Cotton GIN AND
Om Mit Press is the Official
Magazine of the foregoing
associations for official
communications and news
releases, but the associations
are in no way responsible
for the editorial expressions
or policies contained herein.
x * *
EXECUTIVE AND EDITORIAL OFFICES:
3116 COMMERCE STREET, DALLAS 26, TEXAS
A PROGRESSIVE AND RESPONSIBLE PUBLICATION
JUNE 2, 1956
After more than five years
research, Watson has perfected
a STORMPROOF cotton strain.
Easily adapted to mechanical
harvesting or hand snapping.
Watson’s STORMPROOF is
quality bred cotton and will
not waste away in the field.
@ MATURES EARLY
@ A LIGHTER FOLIAGE
@ HIGHLY PROLIFIC
AS POPULAR AS EVER
@ WATSON’S PEDIGREED
@ WATSON’S NEW ROWDEN
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GARLAND (Dallas County) TEXAS
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
at Its Best!
LB. — 21 LB. TARE
The Best Buy
LUDLOW MANUFACTURING & SALES COMPANY
Atlanta, Ga. ® Stockton, Calif. © Los Angeles 58, Calif. © Memphis, Tenn. ® Galveston, Texas ® Gulfport, Miss. ® Needham Heights, Mass.
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS * JUNE 2, 1956
Greater production from gins
HERE’S HOWS Use Texaco Texspray Com-
pound —the outstanding cotton conditioner for over
20 years. Now in use in more than 1600 gins from
coast to coast, Texaco Texspray Compound assures —
* greater production
*& better lint quality
* lower dryer temperatures
* elimination of saw clogging
* reduction of static electricity
Texaco Texspray Compound is applied automati-
cally to the seed cotton. Your Texaco Man will gladly
give you full details.
For diesel engine lubrication, use one of the famous
Texaco Ursa Oils—a complete line especially refined
and processed to assure more power with less fuel
over longer periods between overhauls.
Just call the nearest of the more than 2,000 Texaco
Distributing Plants in the 48 States, or write:
bd wv Ww
The Texas Company, 135 East 42nd Street, New
York 17, N. Y.
TEXACO Lubricants and Fuels
FOR COTTON GINS AND OIL MILLS
TUNE IN... TEXACO STAR THEATER starring JIMMY DURANTE on television . .
JUNE 2, 1956
. Saturday nights, NBC.
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
Since 1948, cotton has benefited
from industry’s united backing
of a broad program of aid for
state’s research institutions.
KLAHOMA Cotton Research Foun-
dation is contributing much toward
making King Cotton’s throne more se-
cure in Oklahoma.
The Research Foundation, the dream
of the late Horace Hayden, ginning and
crushing leader, was established in 1948.
It had as its primary objective helping
Oklahoma cotton farmers produce and
market a higher yield of a better grade
of cotton. The progress that the cotton
industry of the state has made during
the past eight years is due in no small
part to the Cotton Research Founda-
Marion Lucas of the Chickasha Cot-
ton Oil Mill is president of the Foun-
dation, but is quick to give credit for
any results of the organization to oth-
ers of the Foundation and to work of
Oklahoma Experiment Station and Ex-
MARION LUCAS, Chickasha, has contributed much to
the research program as president of the Foundation, but
emphasizes that the work is a result of the efforts of
tension Service for carrying this infor-
mation to the field.
Among its many activities is the
work done in encouraging in a financial
way cotton research projects by Okla-
homa Experiment Station. Help has been
extended to the Cotton Research Sta-
tion at Chickasha to the extent that the
Station now has a modern gin and
greenhouse among its other facilities to
be used in conducting cotton research.
Approximately 90 percent of the Foun-
dation’s money is spent for research fa-
cilities in connection with cotton pro-
duction and marketing, according to
The Foundation sponsors demonstra-
tion farms over the state in which Ex-
periment Station personnel, working
with local county agents and farmers,
further test and apply the latest de-
THIS EXHIBIT, prepared by Oklahoma Cotton Ginners’ Association, helped to
tell visitors at the recent Southwestern Exposition of the importance of cotton
and the work that the Foundation and other organizations are doing.
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
* JUNE 2, 1956
velopments of research under farm ba-
sis conditions. These demonstration
farms can be credited with a faster ac-
ceptance and use of cotton research.
The Foundation has teamed up with
entomologists of A. & M. to assist with
research in insect control work. The
effectiveness of this work is indicated
by the fact that many Oklahoma farm-
ers report a return of $4 for $1 invested
in cotton insect control measures. Irri-
gation and fertilization, as well as the
use of improved machinery in produc-
tion and harvesting, have helped the
cotton farmer stay on top of the cost-
price situation in cotton the past few
The Foundation has not limited its
activities to work with adults. A junior
program that involves in part sponsor-
ship of 4-H and FFA educational tours
to major cotton producing areas of the
country gives junior cotton growers an
opportunity to learn more about cotton
production from their neighbors to the
south and west first hand. The first
trip was to the Mississippi Delta coun-
try and this year’s trip will include
Arizona and other sections where irri-
gation and mechanical production and
harvesting play major roles in cotton
The Foundation is by no means a
one-man show. The funds used in organ-
izing the Foundation were contributed
mostly by the cotton industry as is the
money with which it continues to op-
erate. According to Lucas, most state
gins made initial conrtibutions of $50
each toward establishing the Founda-
tion; the cotton oil mills of the state
set aside 10 cents per ton on all cotton-
seed processed for Foundation funds;
the cotton compresses gave $250 for
each compress; and cotton merchants,
banks, and allied interests ail pitched
in funds to get the Foundation under
way on a workable basis.
It is maintained by voluntary contri-
butions. Farmers pay five cents per
bale, the oil mills set aside five cents
per ton of cottonseed processed, and
(Continued on Page 49)
—~—- Gir lines
_ | temperature
| recording -~—+— capillary lines cotton
wad to burner
f Se ae
temperature (¢ 2 "aa overflow
a pit ie distributer
dryer bur t dryer ' extractor
SJ) ft SSI tt
Taleler-tim a) ol geohZ-ToM fal-tiaeleal-Jalt-tilola Milo) m= aaleli-ti01a- Mietol ali fed |
(Fig. 1 in diagram) give flex-
ible pneumatic control to
actuate a diaphragm-motor
type of final control device.
Bypass panel lets the operator
take over on manual control
instantaneously. Can be lo-
cated anywhere in the mill.
(Fig. 2 in diagram) detects
temperature at the dryer, re-
lays a pneumatic signal to the
control instrument. Simple,
rugged construction features
easy calibration and range
changing in the field. Located
near point of measurement.
(Fig. 3 in diagram) move
dampers, louvres or valves in
response to control signals
from the instrument. Mounted
For better ginning...
with Honeywell instrumentation
| engeeonae CONTENT of raw cotton makes
a big difference in efficiency of ginning
and cleaning. And in the quality of cotton
When cotton is too wet, it’s difficult to clean.
Dirt and foreign matter stick to it. Wet
cotton gets matted on ginning blades...
interferes with ginning . . . often causes shut-
downs for cleaning.
Overdried cotton, on the other hand,
becomes so brittle that it’s hard to handle in
spinning and weaving. It won’t take dyes
properly. Dried foreign matter breaks up
into small fragments that can’t be readily
With Honeywell instrumentation you can
feed your ginning process cotton of just the
right moisture content. Heat input to the air
heaters is automatically controlled to com-
pensate for variations in the moisture con-
tent of cotton from the fields.
A staff of Honeywell textile process control
specialists will design a system to match the
requirements of your ginning equipment.
The instruments used are standard Honey-
well products now at work in thousands of
textile mills all over the world.
Investigate Honeywell control now . . . before
the ginning season starts. Your local Honey-
well sales engineer will be glad to give com-
plete facts, and to arrange for installation in
time to put it to work in this year’s produc-
tion. Call him today . . . he’s as near as your
MINNEAPOLIS-HONEYWELL REGULATOR Co.,
Industrial Division, Wayne and Windrim
Avenues, Philadelphia 44, Pa.—in Canada,
Toronto 17, Ontario.
Tout we Coitiol
PRESIDENT Harry S. Baker, Fresno, Calif., is shown on the left as he is handed the gavel by Retiring President E. H.
Lawton of Hartsville, S.C., at the final session of the National Cottonseed Products Association convention in Dallas.
The picture on the right shows, in usual order, E. L. Puckett, Amory, Miss., and D. B. Denney, Wolfe City, Texas, as
they welcome Charles B.
At Dallas Convention
Cottonseed Crushers Elect
Harry Baker President
= LARGE ATTENDANCE at NCPA meeting as oil millers and
guests enjoy many entertainment features and business discussions.
OTTONSEED PROCESSORS and
guests from all parts of the Cotton
Belt met in Dallas May 21-22 at the
sixtieth convention of National Cotton-
seed Products Association, chose Harry
S. Baker of Fresno, Calif., as president,
and enjoyed discussions of industry de-
velopments and the entertainment fea-
The Statler Hilton Hotel, convention
headquarters, was the site of a number
TWO LEADERS who have been at-
tending NCPA meetings for 51 years
are shown below: E. R. Barrow of
Memphis and T. C. Law of Atlanta.
These two chemists have contributed
much to the industry’s progress.
of pre-convention committee meetings,
including those of the rules and chem-
ists’ committees, and of a reception on
Sunday, given by Mr. and Mrs. J. Kirby
McDonough and The Murray Co. of
Texas, before the formal opening of the
convention on Monday morning.
Joe Flaig, Dallas, a director and past
president of NCPA and leader in local
arrangements for the convention, called
the initial business session to order.
T. J. Harrell, Forth Worth, welcomed
the visitors and Robert F. Patterson,
Trenton, Tenn., responded to the wel-
Following announcements and other
business, the convention heard the an-
nual report of the 1955-56 president,
E. H. Lawton of Hartsville, S.C.
e Wiggins Address — “Economic Falla-
cies and State Socialism” was the title
of a featured address by A. L. M. Wig-
gins, industrial leader from Hartsville,
S.C., who warned that this country,
sooner or later, must pay the price of
“our desertion of the principles of indi-
vidual freedom and responsibility upon
which this nation was founded.
“The real test,” said Wiggins, “will
then come as to whether this nation will
take the path that has been followed by
so many others—the broad highway of
more and more socialism.”
He quoted Herbert Hoover’s recent
statement: “Our greatest danger is not
from invasion by foreign armies... but
that we commit suicide from within by
complaisance with evil,” and asked:
“Will the American people have the
moral fortitude, the political courage
and the stamina to resist popular clam-
or and re-anchor our government to the
foundations of individual freedom and
Shuman, president, American Farm Bureau, one of the guest speakers.
opportunity and incentive under the
system of democratic government as
conceived and established by our found-
The answer, Wiggins concluded, de-
pends upon the political, business and
moral leadership of such men as those
in his audience.
e Bethke Address — A representative of
one of the nation’s leading formula feed
firms, Dr. R. M. Bethke, Ralston Pu-
rina Co., St. Louis, warned the cotton-
seed crushers that they must do a bet-
ter job of producing quality meal to
meet competition and the requirements
of users of their product. His address
is summarized in a separate article in
this issue of The Press.
e Industry Reports — Committee re-
ports during the first business session
included those of the rules, research,
charter and by-laws and public rela-
The annual report of the Association’s
Educational Service was presented by
A. L. Ward, director, and his staff, and
depicted some of the many activities to
aid the production of better quality
products and encourage wider use of
these feed products.
John F. Moloney, Memphis, made a
report on his first full year as secre-
tary-treasurer of the organization.
Committee activity, Moloney pointed
out, is one of the keys to the Associa-
tion’s effectiveness, and the committee
system makes it possible for all mem-
bers who are able and willing to do so
to participate in Association work.
The secretary-treasurer reviewed other
activities of the organization and called
the membership’s attention to the com-
plete information which will appear in
the convention proceedings. As in the
past, these will be published soon by
The Cotton Gin and Oil Mill Press, of-
ficial publication of NCPA, and sent to
all members. The proceedings this year
will be dedicated to the memory of the
late A. J. Chapman, who for more than
30 years had been the official reporter
of these annual meetings of NCPA.
Trent C. Root, vice-president, South-
ern Methodist University, Dallas, was
the first guest speaker on the program
He reviewed some of the current
trends in government and proposed a
1. Re-definition of the division of
powers between the federal government
and the state.
2. Re-definition of the anti-trust and
monopoly laws so that large size, alone,
will not be a violation of the law.
3. A limit on the percentage of a
single income that can be taxed away
by the federal government.
4. A resolution on the part of every-
one to ask the federal government for
e Shuman Address — Political motives,
rather than a real desire to solve farm
problems, have dominated recent con-
gressional actions, it was charged by
the other guest speaker at this session,
Charles B. Shuman, president of the
American Farm Bureau Federation.
Shuman blamed most of the current
farm difficulties on government pro-
grams which have encouraged the ac-
cumulation of price-depressing sur-
“Cotton gives us a tragic example of
the danger in government price fixing,”
he said. “We have had price supports
on cotton at 90 percent of parity or
higher for many years. In spite of dras-
tic cuts in acreage, the supply is near
an all-time record. Prices are down.
“And what about our markets?
“Our high price supports have en-
couraged cotton production abroad to
SCENES BELOW are:
such an extent that foreign cotton pro-
duction will meet foreign demand in
the next two years if present trends
“At the same time, cotton price sup-
ports have encouraged substitution of
synthetics for cotton in this country.
We have lost a large part of both our
domestic and our foreign market.
“It is hard to gain a market back
once it is lost. Once competition is es-
tablished it is difficult to overcome.”
Shuman said one danger in high price
supports is that they distort the rela-
tionship between prices of competing
“One factor in the tremendous growth
of the soybean industry has been the
cottonseed price support program. The
cottonseed industry got the support but
the soybean industry got an advantage
in the market.”
The Farm Bureau spokesman praised
aggressive disposal programs as _ es-
sential, but added that, at the same
time, “we must have means of halting
additions to the surplus stockpile. We
must shrink our total agricultural
Farm price support programs, he
concluded, “should enhance the farmer’s
right to earn a good income. This is
quite different from price fixing pro-
grams, which curtail, rather than ex-
pand, opportunities in agriculture.’
e Activity Reports — Committees re-
Top left, presidents of two national
porting at this session included insur-
ance, traffic, uniform feed laws and
Executive Vice-President T. H. Greg-
ory in his annual report called atten-
tion to the fact that the past season
was the first in five years when all of
the industry’s products were sold in the
markets rather than to the govern-
Gregory outlined the outlook for the
season ahead. from the standpoint of
governmental policies, and discussed the
situation with regard to the basic prod-
ucts of the cotton oil mill.
“Let’s not make the error,”
Gregory in speaking of the 1956-57
son, “of becoming involved in any
gram that will accumulate new
pluses of our products and turn
markets over to competitors.”
Work of the general counsel of the
Association during the past year was
summarized by A. B. Pittman in his re-
port at this session.
Other business was completed during
this final session, including the setting
of dues for 1956-57.
Dues for crushing mills in the U.S.
are the same as last year, and other
dues are the same as in 1955-56 except
for minor variations.
e Officers and Directors — The election
of Harry S. Baker as president took
place at this session. A brief biograph-
(Continued on Page 38)
visit between sessions—
Colonel Francis J. Beatty, Charlotte, N.C., left, head of the National Cotton Council; and Winston Lovelace, Loving, N.M.,
head of National Cotton Ginners’ Association. Top right: Jo Jackson, Dallas, discusses the market situation with E. F.
Czichos, Chicago; and J. Ben Perry, Grenada, Miss. Bottom left, W. T.
Rocky Mount, N.C.; E. G. McKenzie,
Macon, Ga.; and H. L. McPherson, Kershaw, S.C., examine one of the prizes. Bottom right, W. P. Hayne, Alexandria,
La., waits at the registration desk as Mrs. Joe Flaig and Mrs. J. S.
Florence Martin of NCPA to be sure they have tickets to everything.
Jr., both of Dallas, check with Mrs.
Cotton cushioning is being featured
in advertising appearing frequently in
trade and consumer publications, the
National Cotton Batting Institute re-
ports. Advertising draws a parallel be-
tween the clothing and cushioning fields,
with such headlines as “You dress cool-
er in cotton and you sleep cooler on cot-
The 1956 advertising schedule in-
cludes the following publications:
House Beautiful, February, April,
Ladies’ Home Journal, April, June,
May, June, September, October.
Furniture Retailer, January, March,
April, June, August, October.
Furniture Retailer, January through
Retailing Daily, peng 20, April 24,
May 22, June 19, Aug. Sept. 25.
Upholstering, Farce Beg Merch, April,
June, August, September.
Data Available on PL 480
Sales of Edible Oils
Detailed information of sales of cot-
tonseed oil and soybean oil under Public
Law 480 financing for exports has been
published by USDA. This information
a circular is-
Foreign Agricultural Ser-
USDA, Washington 25.
is available in FFO 4-56,
sued by the
e Short Course Planned
PLANS for the twenty-fourth short
course for oil mill operators at Texas
A. & M. College, College Station, have
been completed by the sponsoring
groups—Texas A. & M., Texas Cotton-
seed Crushers’ Association and the In-
ternational Oil Mill Superintendents’ As-
sociation. The short course will be held
June 25-26-27 on the college campus,
with the visitors staying at Memorial
Reservations should be made with Dr.
J. D. Lindsay, head, chemical engineer-
ing department, Texas A. & M. Regis-
tration fee is $10 per person, and rooms
will average about $3.50 nightly per
General meetings for discussion will be
heid in the Student Center each morn-
ing. Laboratory work will be conducted
in the Cottonseed Products Research
Laboratory in the afternoons. In addi-
tion, there will be sessions held in the
afternoons and evenings in the Student
Center so that mill operations may be
discussed in small groups on individual
problems of interest.
There will be a banquet and a barbe-
cue. The barbecue will be furnished by
Texas Cottonseed Crushers’ Association.
Doctor Lindsay will preside at the
opening session June 25 and Gibb Gil-
christ, chancellor emeritus of Texas A.
& M., will welcome the group.
H. D. Reeves, Simmons Cotton Oil
Mills, T. S. Pryor, South Texas Cotton
Oil Co., and O. J. Jones, Western Cotton-
oil Co., will share the responsibilities of
program chairman at the three sessions.
For Research Center
Hercules Powder Co. Research Center
recently observed its twenty-fifth an-
Located seven miles west of Wilming-
ton, Del., Hercules Research Center to-
day employs approximately 750 men
and women, under the direction of Dr.
Peter Van Wyck. Most of the staff are
specialists and technicians, and almost
300 of them professional scientists and
engineers. In 1931, there were 125 em-
ployes, most of whom were transferred
from Hercules’ laboratories at Kenvil,
N.J, established in 1915.
The company’s expenditures for re-
search at the time of opening of the
Experiment Station were about $450,-
000 annually. At the present time, the
rate is almost $8 million annually for
the Hercules research program.
“The basic concept is still the same
—the extension of man’s useful knowl-
edge concerning chemical materials for
industry,” pointed out Dr. Robert W.
Cairns, Hercules’ director of research.
“In this first quarter century we
have built an organization of skilled
scientists and engineers, backed by the
finest buildings and research equip-
ment, to perform truly as a research
center for Hercules and the industries
we serve. Our work covers all phases of
the research process, from the search
for new chemical ideas to the commer-
cial development of new manufacturing
processes and product application,”
Doctor Cairns said.
The IMPROVED 1956 Model Five Star
ination * tok
Positive Mote and
“The Perfect Combination le. As It Gins”
CEN-TENNIAL COTTON GIN CO.
JUNE 2, 1956 °
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
reais sie: celhies of
“Pride of India’
MANUFACTURED IN INDIA
NEW 2 lb. 21 lb. Tare
SC. G. Trading Corporation pesos
17) Yh) A producing
Stocks Maintained in
Houston and Corpus Christi, Texas; Charleston, South Carolina
pi from our
a = iU] 2-7. | 0 ee
by a Oe oe ae i
The COTTON GIN and OIL MILL PRESS
e No Joy over Farm Law — The longest
and one of the hottest farm battles in
years is over, for this year, but there
is no joy of victory in Washington.
The new law changes little for farmers,
and politically it was a draw.
The Administration got pretty much
what it asked for, but the Democrats
forced the President to back away from
the flexible price support system so
dear to the heart of Secretary Benson.
The Democratic Congress couldn’t get
the 90 percent of parity supports it
asked for, but didn’t really want very
badly. The leaders had expected the
veto and had intended to let it stand,
but Eisenhower out-maneuvered them
with an executive order boosting props
for several politically important com-
There is no sign now of any signifi-
cant “farm belt revolt.” Democrats lost
the opportunity to lead one and Eisen-
hower squelched the threat by putting
Benson in the background.
e Farm Issue Secondary Top political
strategists of both parties here think
farm issues will be demoted to a sec-
ondary role in the political campaign, at
least so far as the Presidential election
is concerned. Peace and prosperity will
be restored to top political billing.
The feeling here is that Eisenhower
will walk away with the election, but
that Democrats very probably will re-
tain a majority in both the Senate and
House. Some Democrats, privately, are
Democratic campaign strategy seems
to be shifting. According to some in-
siders, here is what is now going on
back of the scenes in high party coun-
There is a life-and-death struggle, so
the story goes, for Democratic party
control. That is between the Southern
conservatives and the extreme labor-
liberal group of the North. That strug-
gle is paramount to the election of the
These same sources hint strongly
that Kefauver is backed by some peo-
ple who expect to put Governor Averill
Harriman over as the nominee. They
say the strategy is to “kill off” Steven-
son, politically, ahead of the conven-
There is no intention among those
political strategists to let Kefauger
have first place on the ticket. They
may, however, let him have the vice-
presidential nomination, with Harriman
heading the ticket.
The farm bill battle, to a considera-
ble extent, reflects the political think-
ing and direction of both major parties.
Southern Democrats, who retain control
of Congress, put everything they had
into the first farm bill. It passed only
because they drew more support from
corn and wheat Republicans than they
lost among liberal Democrats.
Eisenhower in his veto message cut
sharply into that support by boosting
wheat props this year to $2 a bushel,
upping corn to $1.50 a bushel and in-
cluding a new provision for supporting
corn grown by those who flount the
acreage control program.
He eased the dairyland resentment by
boosting milk spports and by suspend-
ing the usual summer drop in fluid
milk prices in most milk marketing or-
der areas. That compensated, in part at
least, for the upping of feed grain sup-
ports, especially corn.
The Republican idea was to gain
votes in the politically critical Midwest,
without losing too many elsewhere. The
Soil Bank, it was conceded, will not win
votes for either party, in any part of
the country. Enthusiasm for the Soil
Bank died a slow death, but no one
wanted to say anything bad about it.
e Some Gains for South — Southern
Democrats did succeed in forcing Eisen-
(Continued on Page 39)
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We highly. endorse this collector.
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JUNE 2, 1956 °
ie) Ger Sch =|
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
Order » Nave: DIXIS TEEL
-+ethe ginner’s favorite \ NEW DESIGN
From Carolina to California, DrxistEeL Cotton Ties are a
favorite with ginners, because they're tough and strong, yet
easy to work, and have no sharp edges to cut gloves or hands.
Made from our own special-analysis steel, they are rolled to
uniform thickness, width and finish.
New, re-designed DixisteEL Arrow Buckles are now being fur-
nished with DixisTEEL Cotton Ties. They have a greater seating
surface and are reinforced with a heavy bead on each end.
These buckles will not snap at the eye, are
easy to thread, and won't slip, slide or cut
DIXISTEEL COTTON TIES é
Standard bundles weigh approximately 45 : ; IMPROVED DXL BUCKLE ALSO AVAILABLE
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long. Thirty buckles attached to each bun- X DixistEEL Buckle. introduced for the first
dle. Sixty-pound ties are also made. Both
weights available without buckles. Buckles
shipped in kegs or carload bulk lots.
Also available, when requested, is the sturdy
time in 1955. It, too, has been improved and
many ginners now prefer this buckle.
made only by the
AND BUCKLES (Gee IMT Eh
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS * JUNE 2, 1956
SHOWN HERE are A. J. Mills, Stamford, president, and J. Carlyle Newberry,
Gonzales, vice-president of Texas Cottonseed Crushers’ Association, which will
meet for the sixty-second time on June 10-12 in Dallas.
In Dallas, June 10-12
Plan Many Features
For Texas Crushers
@ TEAMWORK will be the
theme for business and enter-
tainment at 1956 convention.
Texas Cottonseed Crushers’ Associa-
tion officials have announced the com-
pletion of a business and entertainment
program for the 1956 convention that
promises to be one of the best in his-
This year’s meeting will be held June
10-11-12 at the Statler Hilton Hotel in
Registration will begin Saturday,
June 9 and should be completed by Sun-
day evening, June 10, says Jack Whet-
stone, Dallas, secretary-treasurer.
e Entertainment — The entertainment
program starts at 7 p.m. Sunday with
a get-together party, bingo and special
features planned in the Junior Ball-
room. Preceding this party for every-
one, the Past President’s Club will hold
its annual luncheon Sunday at 1 p.m.
Monday’s entertainment will include
a ladies’ luncheon, Neiman Marcus
style show and special entertainment
at 1 p.m., and at 2 p.m. a Skeet Shoot at
Dallas Gun Club and golf tournament
at Northwood Country Club. The presi-
dent’s dinner and dance will be that
evening, starting at 7 p.m.
e Monday Session — President A. J.
Mills of Stamford will call the first
business session to order at 9 a.m. Mon-
day and will make his annual address.
“The Result of Teamwork” will be
the subject for C. B. Spencer, Dallas,
agricultural director of the Association.
Dr. Carl M. Lyman, Texas A. & M.
College, will discuss ‘Research on Cot-
tonseed Meal—Past, Present and Fu-
Dr. William H. Alexander, pastor,
First Christian Church, Oklahoma City,
will be the final speaker at this session.
“Life’s Quiz Program” will be his topic.
e Tuesday Session — W. T. Wynn,
Greenville, Miss., chairman of the
board and past president of the Na-
tional Cotton Council, will be a featur-
ed speaker at the final business session
on the morning of June 12. “Cotton’s
Option—Research or Recession,” will be
Committees will make their reports
at this session. Committee chairman are
T. J. Harrell, Roy B. Davis, R. H.
Sterling, John Burroughs, Dixon White,
R. P. Tull, W. L. Goble, Jr., J. W. Sim-
mons, Jr., and J. H. Fox.
Reports also will be made by Ed P.
Byars, Fort Worth, traffic manager,
and Secretary-Treasurer Whetstone.
Resolutions, the election of officers
and directors and other business will
conclude the convention that morning.
J. Carlyle Newberry of Gonzales is
vice-president of the Association. Di-
rectors of the organization during the
past year, in addition to Mills and New-
berry, have been: B. W. Beckham, Jr.,
D. B. Denney, W. L. Goble, Jr., T. J.
Harrell, James W. Simmons, Jr., R. P.
Tull, S. J. Vaughan, Jr.. W. D. Wat-
kins and W. B. Vaughan.
Wise Land Use Increases
Intelligent land use is increasing cct-
ton yields and paying in other ways for
Troy Odom and his son, Lee, near Cleve-
land, Miss., the Extension Service re-
The Odom farm consists of 468 acres,
most of which is open land. Its cotton
allotment for 1956 is 124 acres.
They make soil-building practices more
than pay for themselves in several ways.
One way is through ample grazing
most of the year for their dairy herd.
Another is in increased yields when im-
proved areas are rotated back to row
crops. Add to these the increased value
of the land with water and soil being
controlled and saved.
The value of giving the land a rest
from cotton was proved in 1954 on a
14.75 acre cut where they planted cotton
that year after having had it in pasture
for several years. This 14.75 acres pro-
duced 28 bales of cotton in 1954, com-
pared to three-fourths of a bale per
acre on most of the other sandy loam
soil of this farm. The same higher yield-
ing area produced 30 bales in 1955.
JUNE 2, 1956 -
e Clyde Allen Selected
By National Ginners
APPOINTMENT of Clyde R. Allen as
executive officer for the National Cot-
ton Ginners’ Association has been an-
nounced by Winston Lovelace, Loving,
N.M., president of the nationwide or-
ganization of ginners.
Allen also recently was appointed ex-
ecutive secretary of the Carolinas Gin-
ners’ Association. He succeeds Clifford
H. Hardy in both of these positions.
The ginners’ group official lives on a
farm between Bennettsville and Latta,
S.C. He graduated from high school at
Latta and received a degree in
agricultural engineering from Clemson
College. While at Clemson he was a
member of the Society of Agricultural
Engineers, was agricultural engineer-
ing editor of the Agrarian, a member
of the National Literary Society, YMCA
cabinet and Baptist Student Union.
Allen served in the U.S. Navy after
graduation from college and has had
experience as a farmer, farm machin-
ery salesman and with the D. M. Dew
Gin in Latta before his present appoint-
e Hardy in New Job — Clifford H.
Hardy, whom Allen succeeds, became ex-
ecutive secretary of the Tennessee Agri-
cultural Council on June 1. Hardy and
Oliver P. Hale of Milan, Tenn., new pres-
ident of the Council, have announced that
the organization will maintain offices in
the Hickman Building in Memphis.
Corpus Christi Classing
Office Head Appointed
Appointment of Ralph M. Brownlee
as head of the USDA cotton classing
office in Corpus Christi is announced
by John L. McCollum, Dallas, manager,
southwest cotton division, Agricultural
A graduate of Oklahoma A. & M.
College at Stillwater, Brownlee has
been employed by USDA’s cotton divi-
sion since 1946. Earlier he spent three
years with the U.S. Army Air Force.
Brownlee goes to Corpus Christi from
Little Rock, where he has been assistant
to the officer in charge of the classing
office. He replaces Ersel H. Matthews,
recently transferred to the Altus, Okla.,
Brook Motor Corp. Stocks
Many Sizes of Motors
Brook Motor Corp., 3553 W. Peter-
son Ave., Chicago 45, has announced
that large a.c. electric motors up to 600
HP are being stocked at its warehouses
in principal cities. Motors of 500 and
600 HP are available in drip-proof and
fan-cooled types; depending on _ size,
in either squirrel cage or slip ring.
These large, heavy duty motors have
found such ready acceptance that Brook
now stocks them in many of their 14
warehouses. They feature the same rug-
ged cast frames and end bell as well as
oversize bearings and shafts as their
smaller integral horsepower counter-
parts. Being conservatively rated, they
are cool and quiet running and feature
ease of installation such as extra large
conduit boxes as well as ready access-
ibility for lubrication and maintenance,
the firm says.
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PREss *
WEEVIL BREEDING GROUND —This photo of a Texas cotton field shows how snow helped
protect the heavy weevil population which went into hibernation. Conditions in many
cotton-growing areas were ideal for high survival of boll weevils and other cotton insect pests,
WEEVILS SLEPT HERE LAST WINTER;
PROTECT YOUR CROP WITH TOXAPHENE
Ideal conditions for the overwintered boll weevil and a
mixed population of other pests—coupled with new
government regulations—make it more important than
ever before to get the most from every acre planted to
cotton this season.
Cotton growers have learned from last year’s expe-
rience that early-season control of insects with toxa-
phene pays off in higher yields at picking time. Many
farmers who used toxaphene regularly throughout the
TOXAPHENE dusts- sprays
THE CHEMICAL BASE FOR TOXAPHENE IS PRODUCED BY HERCULES FROM THE SOUTHERN PINE
JUNE 2, 1956
season obtained excellent weevil control—even in those
sections of the cotton belt where infestations were ex-
tremely heavy. Some of these farmers reported the
highest yields per acre in their experience.
This year every boll counts. Protect your crop all
through the season with toxaphene, the insecticide
you can depend on. See your dealer now. He can supply
you now with the formulation recommended for your
Agricultural Chemicals Division
Vaval Stores Department
HERCULES POWDER COMPANY
943 King Street, Wilmington 99, Del.
Plants at Brunswick, Ga., Hattiesburg, Miss. Offices at Atlanta,
Birmingham, Brownsville, Dallas, Greenville, Los Angeles, Raleigh
© Gin Lab Dedication
THE NEW USDA Cotton Ginning Lab-
oratory at Clemson, S.C., will be form-
ally dedicated next Aug. 14 during
Farmers’ Week at Clemson College
James A. Luscombe is in charge of the
laboratory, which operates under the
direction of Charles A. Bennett and
Wilbur M. Hurst.
© Tax Unfairness Cited
WHICH SHIRT HAS THE TAX? This
is the question asked on a leaflet being
distributed by Oklahoma ginners and
crushers. It points out the unfairness of
the state sales tax to the cotton industry
by showing that a cotton shirt pays tax
whereas a synthetic does not. It says,
“One shirt is a synthetic fiber—born
in a test tube. The other is cotton—
born in the soil. It has the tax.
“Oklahoma sales tax law exempts
from sales tax the chemicals and other
raw materials (also manufacturing ma-
chines) that go into such articles as
synthetic shirts. Yet those same laws
force the cotton farmer to pay sales tax
on his cottonseed and fertilizer—his raw
materials, and on his farm implements—
his manufacturing machinery.
“Cotton farmers pay this tax—their
competitors do not. It doesn’t seem quite
right, does it? Suppose we try to do
something about it.”
© Even Reds Wear Cotton
NEW YORK PAPERS gave cotton full
treatment on the occasion of the open-
ing of National Cotton Week, when
Colonel Francis J. Beatty, president,
National Cotton Council, participated
in activities at Gracie Mansion, home of
Mayor Robert F. Wagner, at the New
York Cotton Exchange and elsewhere.
Every New York paper carried stories
about Cotton Week—even the Commun-
ist publication, “The Daily Worker.”
© Interplant Soybeans
SOYBEANS qualify as a competing
crop for interplanting with cotton,
John F. Bradley, Georgia state admin-
istrative officer, ASC, has ruled. His
reply to a query from Georgia Cotton-
seed Crushers’ Association follows:
“You stated that soybeans occupied
the land and are normally cultivated
during the same growing period as
cotton. This information was also furn-
ised by an agronomist at the Georgia
Agricultural Extension Service. There-
fore, it would seem that soybeans would
qualify as a competing crop. Of course,
you realize that if the strip not planted
to cotton is four or more normal cotton
rows in width, there is no requirement
that a competing crop be planted in the
strips; but, if the strips are less than
four normal cotton rows, then they
must be planted to an intertilled crop
that will mature at approximately the
same time as the cotton.”
© Color-Sealed Nylon
A NEW NYLON development, a col-
or-sealed black nylon, is announced by
Du Pont’s textile fibers department. It
is described as a basic advance which
“opens a broader range of creative pos-
sibilities’ for nylon. Initial use of fa-
brics of color-sealed black nylon is ex-
pected to be greatest in automobile and
home upholstery, but it also is being
studied for use in a great variety of
products, including men’s, women’s
and children’s wear, general and indus-
trial uses. The black color is locked in
the yarn when manufactured and with-
stands strong sunlight and countless
washings, the manufacturer says.
© Cotton at Spanish Fair
A COTTON EXHIBIT is one of the
features of U.S. participation in the
International Trade Fair at Barcelona,
June 1-20. It features a continuous
style show of U.S. cotton in both U.S.
and Spanish manufacture and design—
staged cooperatively by the U.S. and
Spanish cotton industries. Representa-
tive decorative and dress fabrics made
by more than 30 leading U.S. manu-
facturers are on display. A highlight of
the cotton show will be the appearance
of Patricia Anne Cowden, 1956 Maid of
Cotton. She will lead two cotton style
shows during the fair.
4 Ee" aA
1700 EAST NINTH ST — FRANKLIN 5-114) —
Reduce Moisture Content
The Quickest Way
Phelps rubber bladed fans are built in
various sizes to meet your require-
ments. They’re ideal for the Aeration
of rice, oats, corn, cotton seed, and
all grain-seed products.
The extra static pressure of a Phelps
cooling fan is like having another full-
time insurance policy on your storage
Whase lel att
JUNE 2, 1956 °-
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
a nm) Ee It
CUTS ITS POWER COSTS 407!
This is the Toney Brothers’ gin at Doerun, Georgia.
With a Continental 4/90, it gins an average of six bales
an hour—5000 a season. All its power comes from a
single engine, a CAT* D364 Diesel Engine.
The Toney Brothers had electric power in other
gins, but here they decided to try Caterpillar Diesel
power. Result? Power costs per bale are running
40% less with the D364. “It’s a very good ginning
engine,” says J. W. Toney. “It’s already given us per-
fect service for three full seasons.”
Like all Caterpillar-built Engines, the D364 de-
livers full, steady power on money-saving non-pre-
mium fuel. It needs little attention and runs smoothly
with a minimum of maintenance. It’s thoroughly de-
pendable, with oversize oil and air filters to protect
it from lint and dust. And it’s a long-term investment:
such features as special aluminum-alloy bearings and
JUNE 2, 1956
“Hi-Electro” hardened cylinder liners add many extra
ginning seasons to its life.
Your Caterpillar Dealer has the right ginning en-
gine to fit your exact needs. He understands your
problems, and he’s always on call. Let him show you
in detail why Caterpillar Engines are preferred by
so many gin operators.
Caterpillar Tractor Co., Peoria, Illinois, U.S.A.
*Caterpiliar and Cat are Registered Trademarks of Caterpillar Tractor Co.
At Meeting in Lubbock
Congress Told Cotton Must
Develop More Markets
@ KEYNOTE ADDRESS and other papers emphasize vital need for
better quality, lower costs of production and aggressive promotion
to enable fiber to meet the attacks of its strong competitors.
ORE, not less, markets and acreage
are the answer to the cotton prob-
lem—we must have “a dynamic con-
sumption geared to our dynamic pro-
duction capacity,” Burris C. Jackson,
general chairman of the American Cot-
ton Congress, told the opening session
the three-day meeting in Lubbock on
Cotton producers, research leaders,
industry spokesmen and others at the
Congress, sponsored for 17 years by the
Statewide Cotton Committee of Texas
and cooperating groups, were agreed
in their views as to the seriousness of
the cotton problem, but also agreed that
cotton can work out its problems.
Lower costs, improved quality and
aggressive promotion made up a three-
point formula advocated by Jackson for
building greater markets. The goal of
this effort is a rich prize, the keynote
speaker told the meeting.
“The world is using the equivalent of
55 million bales of fiber a year.
cotton now is supplying only 12 mil-
lion bales of this. Looking to the future,
we know that fiber consumption is go-
ing up and up—by millions of bales a
year. Then and right now, the custom-
er will buy what appeals to him most
through price, through quality, and
promotion. Will he buy our cotton? That
depends on us. It depends on the ex-
depends on us. It depends how each of
us accepts his responsibility toward the
objectives we have outlined.”
While it is true that every effort
must be made to increase cotton pro-
duction efficiency in a way that will
give the farmer a _ reasonable profit
and still not price his fiber out of the
market, the industry must look past
that immediate goal, he added. It must
continue to press toward greater gin-
ning efficiency and cost savings in
processing cottonseed, to economies in
merchandising and in handling bales
and in manufacturing the raw fiber in-
to the finished textile.
Jackson cited the promotional pro-
gram of the National Cotton Council,
which has spearheaded the ascendancy
of cotton in apparel and_ household
furnishings, as an example of the kind
of progress that can be made through
a united industry effort. This has been
achieved, he noted, despite a disparity
in dollars between the cotton industry’s
promotional program and those of syn-
“Think,” he challenged, “what we
could do if we really opened up the
throttle and began moving abreast of
“Customers prefer cotton. They have
learned to rely on it over the years.
Its popularity is built on its many in-
herent natural advantages — comfort,
launderability, durability, and all-round
“Science is giving us new and dif-
ferent treatments and fabrics, further
enhancing a fiber that already is un-
equalled. These are only a few reasons
why we have been able to gain such
phenomenal acceptance of cotton with
only a drop in the bucket as far as pro-
motional funds are concerned. Envision,
if you will, what could happen if we
really opened the gates and _ started
spending the kind of money that Du
Pont, American Viscose, and our other
competitors are shelling out for promo-
e Fleming Address — The world cotton
situation was analyzed by Lamar Flem-
ing, Jr., Houston, chairman of the
board of Anderson, Clayton & Co.,
worldwide cotton firm, in a major ad-
dress at the opening session of the Con-
gress, which was held at the Caprock
and Lubbock Hotels, with the Saturday
morning session at Texas Technological
Lubbock banks were hosts Thursday
afternoon at a barbecue at the large
plant of Western Cottonoil Co.
e Looking Ahead at Markets — Dr. M.
K. Horne, Memphis, chief economist for
the National Cotton Council, re-empha-
sized the necessity for more research
and promotion for cotton in his ad-
dress at the second morning session.
He warned the cotton people that the
synthetic industry is on a long-term
campaign to capture a larger and larg-
er share of the fiber market. “There
can be no doubt,’ he added, “that the
campaign is succeeding.”
The Council economist quoted from
numerous statements by synthetic offi-
cials and statistical reports to show the
scope and seriousness of the drive to
regain markets; and said, “we face the
threat of extinction or the chance of
enormous progress for our markets.
“If cotton is to have any future,”
Doctor Horne concluded, “the farmer
must have an income situation which
enables him to compete for labor and
the other resources of production, and
which encourages the big investments
that are required for efficiency, and
which will attract and hold the able
management that efficient cotton farm-
SOME of the featured speakers at the 1956 American Cotton Congress in Lubbock, May 31-June 1-2, are shown here.
Burris C. Jackson, Hillsboro, Texas, general chairman of the Congress, gave the keynote address on the 1956 theme,
“Cotton’s High Plains.” Dr. M. K. Horne, chief economist, National Cotton Council, Memphis, discussed “Looking Ahead
at Our Markets.” “The History and Role of Research in High Plains Cotton,” was the subject for Don L. Jones, superin-
tendent of the Lubbock Substation of the Texas Experiment Station.
BURRIS C. JACKSON
DR. M. K. HORNE, JR.
JUNE 2, 1956
DON L. JONES
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
ing requires today. This surely means
that net farm income must not point
downward, must not hold where it is,
but must point strongly upward for
future years. This seems impossible
without the combination of expanding
markets and declining costs—and these
things in turn seem impossible to
achieve by price alone or research alone
or promotion alone. They only seem
possible if we find the resources and
the vision to construct an adequate pro-
gram of all three and to give it enough
time to do its work.”
Cotton production developments were
discussed by other speakers at this ses-
sion. “The History and Role of Re-
search in High Plains Cotton” was the
topic for Don L. Jones, superintendent
of the Lubbock Experiment Substation.
Isaac Holmes, a producer, discussed
High Plains production methods. W. F.
Hughes, USDA, Washington, talked on
the economic aspects of irrigated cotton
Plains Cotton Compress and Ware-
house Association was host at a lunch-
eon at noon, and the three Lubbock oil
mills—Lubbock Cotton Oil Co., Plains
Cooperative Oil Mill and Western Cot-
tonoil Co.—were hosts at dinner in
the evening. “The Challenge Facing
Cotton” was the subject of the dinner
speaker, Assistant Secretary of Agri-
culture Marvin McLain.
On the program Friday afternoon
were F. Marion Rhodes, USDA, Wash-
ington; Carl Cox, U.S. Testing Labor-
atory, Dallas; Jack Towery, Cotton Re-
search Committee of Texas, Lubbock;
and George Pfeiffenberger, now with
the National Cotton Council but sched-
uled to become executive for Plains
Cotton Growers on July 1, as reported
elsewhere in this issue.
e Final Session — The Congress ended
Saturday with a morning session at
Texas Tech, which featured a panel dis-
cussion on the use of cotton from the
High Plains of Texas. Participants were
Earl Heard, West Point Manufacturing
Co., Shawmut, Ala.; E. W. S. Calkins,
U.S. Rubber Co., Winnsboro, S.C.; and
George Bass, Swift Manufacturing Co.,
As the last event of the meeting, the
visitors were given a choice of visiting
the Tech Engineering Building, seeing
irrigation and planting equipment in
use on a field trip, or inspecting an
exhibit of new farm implements.
Lubbock and South Plains leaders in
the cotton industry and other types of
business served on committees arrang-
ing the varied entertainment features
for the visitors.
Record Number Complete
1955 Cotton Contest
A record number of cotton contest-
ants (885) completed their projects and
reported results in the South Carolina
1955 5-Acre Cotton Contest, the Ex-
tension Service reports in Circular 412.
Yields per acre and staple lengths av-
eraged higher in 1955 than in previous
First prize winner in the contest made
6,310 pounds of lint on five acres; the
staple averaged 1 1/16 inches in length.
Awards in the contest are provided by
South Carolina Cotton Seed Crushers’
Association, South Carolina Textile
Manufacturers’ Association and Atlan-
tic Cotton Association.
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
Champagne of Cottons
A HOPE SKILLMAN CHIFFON made
from Supima cotton is shown here in a
dress by Luis Estevez of Grenelle and
a photo distributed by Mary Alice
Stewart of the Supima Association of
America in the program to aid this
American-grown, long-staple cotton. The
dress is described as “a covered up day-
time dress which opens down the back to
reveal a low ‘v’ neck when the sheer
jacket is removed.” The Supima Associ-
ation is made up of 5,000 growers in
Arizona, New Mexico and Texas of Pima
S-1 “champagne of cottons.”
Food and Drug Observance
Food industry leaders and govern-
ment officials will participate in cere-
monies on June 27 observing the fiftieth
anniversary of the Federal Food, Drug
and Cosmetics Act. Persons interested
in attending can obtain information
from Siert F. Riepma, president, Na-
tional Association of Margarine Manu-
facturers, Munsey Building, Washing-
Linters Meeting Held
A number of representatives of the
cottonseed crushing and linters indus-
tries are in Washington for the June
4-5 conference at USDA on new stand-
ards for cotton linters which will be-
come effective July 1.
@ L. PALMER BROWN, L. P.
Brown Co., Memphis, an alumnus of
Southwestern and Washington and Lee,
has been appointed to Southwestern’s
executive committee. His many civic
activities include serving on the board of
stewards of St. John’s Methodist Church,
as a trustee of Methodist Hospital and
in many Red Cross programs.
JUNE 2, 1956
® Research Is Needed
WHY DO RESEARCH when there are
surpluses of agricultural products?
This question is answered in a recent
USDA publication, which points out
that it makes sense to continue to spend
money on agricultural research be-
“Cost cutting is one of the main ef-
forts in research today. That’s one way
of getting at the cost-price squeeze. The
broiler industry shows what cost reduc-
tion can do. The amount of feed requir-
ed to produce a broiler has been cut
25 percent since 1940, and lower-cost
handling and packaging have cut prices.
As a result, poultry meat is no higher
than it was in 1930.
“The fact that research improves
quality and broadens markets is illus-
trated by our new extra-long-staple
cotton, Pima S-1. It’s competing well
with imported cottons.
“Research creates new industries.
Soybeans are an outstanding example.
Research not only developed the varie-
ties that now occupy 18 million acres
but also established the soybean in food
markets and in hundreds of industrial
“And we all know research strength-
ens the whole nation. We’ve produced
enough food for every emergency. Our
diets rank high and we are free from
many diseases associated with poor nu-
trition. Gains in agricultural technolo-
gy have given us manpower and mate-
rials to become the nation we are.
“Can we assume that farmers are
ahead of the times, that we can slow
down their progress? We dare not. Ac-
tually, as the Korean conflict demon-
strated, the margin is relatively thin.
“No, nature doesn’t stand still: look
at insects’ resistance to chemicals. In-
dustry doesn’t stand still; take what
synthetic fibers did to the cotton mar-
ket. Our country doesn’t stand still:
check the latest census estimates.
“Research can’t stand still, either. To-
day’s research will have a great deal to
do with our agricultural prosperity of
5 to 10 years from now. We have a
responsibility to the future.”
McGhee Moore Now With
McGhee Moore,, broker of cottonseed
and soybean preducts, has become as-
sociated with Standard Commission Co.,
Memphis. Moore, a broker since 1934,
is rejoining an organization with which
he was affiliated early in his career.
After graduating from Southwestern
University in Memphis, Moore was with
Swift & Co. Oil Mill for several years,
then with Standard until he went into
business for himself.
Men’s Cottons Featured
On New Television Film
“Men’s Cottons for Fall” is the title
of a five-minute television fashion film
to be released to TV stations in August,
the National Cotton Council has an-
Written and produced by the Council
staff, it is the first men’s wear film
ever made for the cotton industry. It
is expected to be used by 100 stations
throughout the nation.
For Joint Convention
Crushers To Meet at
@ PROGRAM for Georgia and
announced by officials of groups.
Representatives of Future Farmers
of America, the National Cotton Coun-
cil and National Cottonseed Products
Association will be among the guest
speakers on the program for the 1956
convention of Alabama-Florida
Cottonseed Products Association and
Georgia Cottonseed Crushers’ Associa-
tion. The meeting will be held June 18-
19 at Lookout Mountain Hotel, Lookout
Officers of the two organizations that
are meeting together are: Georgia,
J. P. George, Macon, president; G. C.
Davis, Arlington, vice-president; and
J. E. Moses, Atlanta, secretary-treasur-
er; and Alabama-Florida, J. S. Long,
Cullman, Ala., president; and C. M.
Scales, Montgomery, executive secre-
A buffet supper on Sunday, June 17,
will precede the formal opening of the
convention on Monday morning.
Presidents George and Long will bring
greetings to the crushers and their
guests at the opening business session;
Several State Rating Bureaus are already issuing
Fire Insurance rate credits for magnetic fire pro-
tection. Rate credit action is now pending in other
cotton states in view of the standards recently
set up by their rate governing bodies appointed
One important requirement of those standards is
that the permanent magnet installed must bear
this label “Listed Under Re-examination Service
of Underwriter’s Laboratories, Inc.”
MAGNI-POWER NOW CARRIES THIS LISTING so
that when your state code provides Fire Insurance
Rate Credits your installations will qualify. Don’t
wait — write now for details.
Magni-Power Class 1 and Class 2
Magnets are Listed Under Re-examina-
tion Service of Underwriter’s Laboratories,
PERMANENT MAGNETS by
throughout the Cotton
Belt. Send for details.
MAGNI-POWER CO. °¢
JUNE 2, 1956
0. W. SEVERENCE
and Alabama’s Maid of Cotton, Joanna
Sharp of Montevallo, will be presented.
“The Importance of Time” will be
the subject of an address by W.
Severence, regional manager, Pen-Dix-
ie Cement Corp., Atlanta, who has been
a leader in charitable and civic activi-
ties and a popular humorous speaker at
Terrell Benton, Jr., Jefferson, Ga.,
national student secretary, Future
Farmers of America, will speak on “To-
day’s Youth, the Future Citizens of
A new convention feature this year
will be a “coffee break” during the
business session, with coffee served in
the convention hall.
“Research and Education Create
Sales” will be the subject for Garlon A.
Harper, Dallas, assistant director, Ed-
ucational Service, National Cottonseed
Carlton H. Power, National Cotton
Council, Memphis, will talk on “Mel-
lorine, a Potential Market for Cotton-
On the second day of the convention,
the two state crushers’ organizations
will hold separate meetings at which
officers will be elected and other bus-
e Entertainment — In addition to the
buffet supper on Sunday evening, a
number of special features have been
planned to entertain the crushers, their
families and guests.
These will include a ladies’ luncheon
at 1 p.m., golf tournament at 2 p.m.,
tour of Central Soya processing plant
at 2:30 p.m., bingo party at 3 p.m., so-
cial hour from 6:30 to 7:30 p.m., and
the annual banquet and dance at 7:30
© Soap Firms Seeking
EFFORTS of three leading manufac-
turers in the European market for de-
tergents and soap were the subject of
an article in the May 22 issue of The
Wall Street Journal.
The financial publication, in a staff
article from London, discussed the com-
petition between Unilever, Procter &
Gamble and Colgate-Palmolive.
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
New Side Opening Buckle!
Every place it has been shown, every
\ place it has been tried, ginners and
compress operators have been en-
thusiastic about the prospect of
faster operation and better service
with the new, high quality TCI Side
BRAND NEW baci
: Here's Why
The side opening on the buckle dras-
tically reduces bale hooking time be-
LY ° cause each tie slips into place quickly
and easily. Workers’ hands are safe
since there’s no need to twist the
buckle in hooking operations. The
curved seat helps eliminate edge tears,
gives the tie a solid seat and guaran-
: tees that every tie will work at peak
, ¢ efficiency. Hot punched from rugged
BEATS T i & tet A L L carbon steel, the side opening buckle
ad won't spread or break . . . even under
enormous pressure. Take advantage
of these features by letting the new
TCI Side Opening Buckle help you
have a faster, smoother, more econom-
ical ginning operation.
POM a Asem SEAL iy
The new TCI Side Opening Buckle is a uni-
versal buckle suitable for use in gin, standard
compress or high density compress baling. Its
unique design drastically reduces bale hook-
This Side Opening Buckle is hot punched from carbon steel. Its new
side ing design speeds up bale hooking time. The curved seat came
helps eliminate edge tears and gives every tie a solid seat, making Look for the “'T
it work at peak efficiency. on all TCI Side Opening Buckles.
TC! SIDE OPENING BUCKLES
and TCI COTTON TIES
TENNESSEE COAL & IRON
UNITED STATES STEEL CORPORATION, FAIRFIELD, ALABAMA ~- UNITED STATES STEEL EXPORT COMPANY, NEW YORK
UNIT? DD 5 yet) ss. STEEL
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS + JUNE 2, 1956
e Council Staff Men
In New Positions
JOHN JUNGKIND, a National Cotton
Council public relations staff member
in Memphis since 1953, became Wash-
ington public relations representative
of the Council on June 1.
Emmett Robinson has been assigned
to the office of public relations, filling
the vacancy created by Jungkind.
Fisher A. Rhymes, formerly in the in-
dustrial products section, sales promo-
tion division, in Memphis, goes to the
Council’s New York office.
Bill Nunn will be a member of the
foreign trade division, in Memphis,
where he will work primarily on sales
promotion and public relations aimed at
increasing cotton consumption abroad.
Leslie A. Rogers has been named to
the sales promotion staff in Memphis.
Jungkind, before joining the Council
staff, served two years as public re-
lations director of the Memphis Com-
munity Chest. He also had been on the
staffs of the Arkansas Gazette in Little
Rock and the Lafayette (La.) Adver-
Robinson came to the Council’s sales
FISHER A. RHYMES
EMMETT E. ROBINSON
promotion staff in July, 1955, from
Mississippi State College for Women,
where he was director of public rela-
tions and acting head of the journalism
department. He formerly headed the
journalism department and was direc-
tor of public relations at Howard Col-
lege in Birmingham.
Rhymes joined the staff in 1954 as
sales promotion assistant. After grad-
uation from the University of Missis-
sippi in 1952, he served two years in
the infantry and the adjutant general
corps at Fort Jackson, S.C
Before joining the Council’s sales
promotion staff last September, Nunn
was makeup editor of the Memphis
Press-Scimitar. He was news and farm
editor for Radio Station WENK, Union
City, Tenn., before joining the paper’s
Rogers, who joined the Council’s sales
promotion division in March, was born
in Greenwood, Miss., and was graduated
cum laude from the University of Mis-
sissippi. He served for two years as
clerk for the House Committee on Flood
He joined the export department of
the International Telephone and Tele-
graph Corp. in 1947, and three years
later was transferred to Puerto Rico
where he managed various private in-
terest for the IT&T board chairman. Be-
fore coming to the Council, he was as-
sociated with the Texas Transport and
Terminal Corp. in New Orleans.
Cotton Choppers Needed
Cotton chopping is in full swing in
the Midsouth, Extension leaders report,
but progress has been slowed by a la-
bor scarcity in some localities. At Jones-
boro, Ark., farmers reported 15,000
more workers needed. The need was in-
creased by rapid growth of cotton and
weeds after rains.
Research Theme of Meeting
Chemistry in Agriculture will be the
theme of the eighty-third East Ten-
nessee Farmers’ Convention at the Un-
iversity of Tennessee Farm near Knox-
ville on June 12. Dr. Byron T. Shaw,
administrator, USDA Agricultural Re-
search Administration, will speak.
JUNE 2, 1956
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
e Cotton Shows Gains
In Apparel Market
COTTON is gaining significant strength
in the booming apparel industry of Cal-
ifornia, a survey by the National Cotton
Gains by cotton are being made in
such items as dresses, suits, shirts,
trousers, and sportswear. Reasons for
these gains include cotton’s inherent
quality advantages, plus leadership in
producing new fabrics and finishes.
Manufacturers surveyed indicated an
average increase of 25 percent in cot-
ton’s share of their total fiber con-
sumption since 1947.
Specific quality advantages over com-
peting materials named by manufactur-
ers were launderability, wide color
ranges, strength, comfort, crispness and
softness, ease of handling, stability, and
Significance is added to cotton’s in-
creased strength by the fact that the
apparel industry in California has ex-
perienced tremendous growth.
Located in two principal areas, Los
Angeles and San Francisco, the indus-
try has moved from a jobbers’ market
to fourth place in the nation. It com-
prises more than 1,700 establishments,
and annual sales exceed $600 million.
Climate, rapid population increase, a
national trend to casual wear, develop-
ment of new fabrics, willingness to try
new ideas, and aggressive sales promo-
tion have contributed to this growth,
the survey shows.
Cotton consumption can be expanded
still more, the survey indicates. Meth-
ods include development of rough tex-
tured cottons, production of fabrics with
better elastic properties, and develop-
ment of new fabrics and finishes to pro-
vide wash-and-wear qualities, luster,
and better crease resistance.
The Council survey included personal
interviews with leading executives and
designers in manufacturing establish-
ments, trade associations, and allied
Dealers in Canvas Awnings
Have New Ad Program
Dallas canvas dealers are carrying
on an advertising program for canvas
awnings on television and radio and in
newspapers during May and June. The
program will reach its peak at a time
when the Council and the Canvas Awn-
ing Institute have contracted with NBC
for a one-minute commercial on Dave
Garraway’s TODAY television pro-
gram with complete nationwide cov-
erage. Scheduled for June 21, the Gar-
raway announcement is timed when
normally there is an end of the season
slump in the awning business.
Both the Dallas program and the na-
tional television commercial will be used
as yardsticks by which to measure the
effectiveness of various advertising
media for canvas awnings. Results will
be carefully checked to see if there is
an increase in business volume in the
Dallas area following the combined
@ DR. VIRGIL P. LEE, Hous-
ton, is retiring during June from the
position of president of the Production
Credit Corporation of Houston, which
he has headed since 1937.
Here’s what Harold Sharp (at left in plaid shirt),
manager of Farmers Cooperative Association Gin
of New Home, Texas, has to. say about the W. M.
eo: ow Smith Electric Company installation at his plant:
pce Ass 9 ae “At the present time we have been operating the
plant for approximately four months and have not
been stopped a single time due to motor failure.
Taking into consideration that we will have no re-
pair bill and had no downtime due to motor trouble,
we have operated cheaper per bale than we did the
previous year on a butane engine.”
| * THE upper picture is shown the latest type of remote control panelboard for a modern cotton gin.
Each gin stand and auxiliary equipment is individually driven and all controls are centrally located in
the remote panel. Through a system of interlocks and red indicator lights the operator can be sure that
the gin machinery is started in the required sequence, and by one glance at the panel he can tell what
equipment is operating. If, for example, a motor in the overhead fails, the red light would go off on the
control panel, indicating trouble with that particular piece of equipment. Overload conditions can even be
indicated by a flashing light on the control which operates that particular motor or machine.
Proof of the success of this method is the statement of Mr. Sharp (above) that he has had “no down-
time due to motor failure” . .. this at a price competitive with butane engines and none of the headaches
of having to locate mechanics or incur costly repair bills. For additional information call or write
W. M. Smith Electric Company
Dallas Fort Worth Lubbock Harlingen Sulphur, La.
3200 Grand Ave. 203 South Main 514 Ave. M 502 E. Buchanan Highway 90
HAmilton 8-4606 EDison 6-2372 POrter 5-6348 GArfield 3-6587 JAckson 7-7135
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS * JUNE 2, 1956
e Propose Changes
TWO PROPOSALS involving Chicka-
sha Cotton Oil Co., which operates oil
mills and gins in Oklahoma, Texas and
Arizona, have been announced.
A two-for-one split of the common
stock is proposed by directors and will
be submitted for the approval of stock-
holders. The plan proposes a reduction
in par value from $10 a share to $5.
A committee also has been formed to
study the possibility of merging Chick-
asha with Flour Mills of America, a
flour milling concern controlled by a
group who also are Chickasha _stock-
An independent auditing and engi-
neering firm has been employed to
work with the committee, which con-
sists of Fred Florence, president of Re-
public National Bank of Dallas, Kay
Kimbell, president of Kimbell Milling
Co. of Fort Worth; John M. Ferguson,
Jr., Fort Worth insurance executive,
Claude Britain, vice-president of Chick-
asha; and A. L. Durand, president of
British Seek U.S. Sales
For Cotton Products
British cotton firms are paying more
attention to American markets, and a
group of the largest Lancashire com-
panies has sent James Morris to New
York as a design consultant. He is
meeting with buyers to study American
preferences and to show samples of
FOR A WELL-ROUNDED
Members of Southwestern Pea-
nut Shellers’ Association will
gather in Mineral Wells June
6-7-8 for their thirteenth annual
convention at the Baker Hotel.
Details of plans for the business
session and entertainment fea-
tures appeared in an earlier issue
of The Press.
A. S. Moake is president of the
organization, Ellis L. Ganey is
vice-president and John Haskins
is secretary-treasurer. Directors,
in addition to the officers, are
George Freeman, Melvin E. Shell
and George Homer.
Appointed by French
French Oil Mill Machinery’ Co.,
Piqua, Ohio, has announced the ap-
pointment of A. Gonzales Flores as the
firm’s sales engineer in Mexico. He
will have his offices at Desarrollo In-
dustrial, Beristain 47, Mexico, D. F
round out your ginning business
with custom grinding and mixing.
20 to 150
will assure you of a profitable operation
Tell us what you want to grind, and we'll help you decide what Jacobson
equipment to use, and how to lay out your plant for maximum production
Protect Costly Machinery
with Jacobson “Economy” Magnetic Separators
A. GONZALES FLORES
Gonzales will handle the complete
line of equipment manufactured by The
French Oil Mill Machinery Co.—in-
cluding complete continuous mechanical
screw press installations, stack cook-
ers, flaking and crushing rolls and sol-
vent extraction plants for the vegeta-
ble oil mill industry. He is equipped
to make complete engineering surveys
for Mexican processors and work up
recommendations for plant equipment.
After graduating from the Universi-
dad Nacional de Mexico in 1947 with a
degree in chemical engineering, Gon-
zales worked as_ production engineer
for the United Sugar Co. in Los Mochis
and as production engineer with Cela-
nese Mexicana, S.A. Since 1951, his
firm, Desarrollo Industrial, has worked
closely with the oil mills, specializing
in refinery equipment and the soap, fat
and detergent industry.
To prevent fires and damage
to your ginning and other
equipment, use Jacobson
“Economy” Alnico Permanent
(non-electric) Magnetic Sepa-
rators. They remove danger-
ous “tramp” iron before it can
cause trouble. Easily installed
—no electrical connections. In-
surance rates go down, prod-
uct quality goes up. Write for
prices and additional infor-
e Non-Electric mation.
e Hinged for easy cleaning
Write for Bulletins and the Name of Your Jacobson Sales Engineer
JACOBSON MACHINE WORKS
1090 Tenth Ave. S.E. Dept. K Minneapolis 14, Minn.
JUNE 2 1956 THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
The Louisiana Purchase
In 1803 the United States acquired from France
the vast area known as the Louisiana Territory. The price
was eighty million francs . . . about $15,000,000, and
the purchase almost doubled the area of the United States.
Since 1914 the Texas Employers’ Insurance Association
has saved and returned to policyholders over
$46,000,000 in Dividends and Guaranteed Cost Discounts
... more than three times the amount involved in
the Louisiana Purchase. $3,855,678 was saved and returned
to employers of labor in Texas in 1955 alone.
Many Texas Business and Industrial Firms are taking
advantage of the SAVINGS on Workmen's
Compensation Insurance offered by Texas’
largest writer. Are YOU?
an —> @-\—e -1 | 0 Mod 4h
Pca ely “ease ‘INSURANCE ASSOCIATION
POLICYHOLDERS Service Offices: ABILENE « AMARILLO « AUSTIN e BEAUMONT e CORPUS CHRISTI
DALLAS e EL PASO « FORT WORTH e« FREEPORT « GALVESTON « HARLINGEN
HOUSTON e LUBBOCK e MIDLAND e ODESSA « PORT ARTHUR « SAN ANGELO
SAN ANTONIO e SHERMAN e TYLER « WACO e« WICHITA FALLS
HOME OFFICE e DALLAS, TEXAS
HOMER R. MITCHELL, Chairman of Board A. F. ALLEN, President
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS + JUNE 2, 1956
© World Crop Estimate
Cut Million Bales
WORLD cotton production is estimated
at 39.3 million bales in the latest USDA
figures. This total is a record high, but
is only slightly larger than the 1953
and 1937 world crops. The current es-
timate is one million bales lower than
that made last January, due to reduc-
tions in Egypt, India and Russia.
The 1955-56 crop is about 700,000
bales larger than 1954-55 production.
Foreign free world countries increas-
ed acreage from 39.6 million acres in
1953-54 to 45.6 million acres in 1955-56,
with an accompanying rise in produc-
tion from 13.9 to 15.9 million bales in
the three-year period. Communist coun-
tries (principally the Soviet Union and
China) have more than doubled cotton
production since World War II. Soviet
production in 1955 was reportedly nine
percent below 1954 due mostly to un-
favorable weather. This is borne out by
the fact that exports to Communist
bloc countries from the foreign free
world increased substantially in early
months of 1955-56 and imports into
Western Europe from the Soviet Union
Production of Egyptian-type cotton
declined slightly in 1955-56 from a year
Moss-Gordin Enlarges Facilities
years. As a result of excessive rainfall
and insect damage, production increas-
es in Mexico and most Central Amer-
ican countries in 1955-56 only partially
reflected the considerable expansion of
acreage from a year earlier. Although
earlier estimates for Brazil have been
reduced because of lower than expected
yields, production of 1.8 million bales
was larger by nine percent than in
In the Near East, insects and plant
diseases have reduced yields, particu-
larly in Turkey and Iran. Syria, how-
ever, is making significant progress in
nearly all phases of cotton production
and marketing in an effort to improve
the competitive position of the Ameri-
can-Upland type cotton produced there.
African countries producing this type
maintained acreage at about 5.4 mil-
lion acres in 1955-56 while production
increased about six percent from a year
earlier to 1.3 million bales. Particularly
good yields were obtained in Uganda
No further increase in foreign cotton
production is expected in 1956-57, and
production may even show a slight de-
cline, although it is too early to make
an accurate estimate. Early reports in-
dicate that acreage is being reduced in
Mexico, Central America, and Egypt.
A return to normal yields in Central
America and Egypt, however, should
maintain production at about the same
level as in 1955-56 when adverse con-
ditions curbed yields substantially. The
decline in world cotton prices in 1955
may result in acreage reduction in some
foreign countries in 1956, USDA says.
earlier. Egypt’s 1955 crop, now esti-
mated at 1.5 million bales, is down con-
siderably from earlier estimates as a
result of extensive cotton leafworm
damage despite a 15 percent increase
in acreage. In contrast, Sudan and Peru
reduced acreage by 10 and 13 percent,
respectively, from 1954, but higher
yields resulted in a slight increase in
production to 900,000 bales for the two
Countries producing the Asiatic type
short-staples, mainly India, Pakistan,
and Burma, as a group reported a de-
crease in cotton production in 1955 of
600,000 bales or 10 percent from the
previous year. Practically all the re-
duction occurred in India where damage
from excessive rains last fall cut pro-
duction to 3.8 million bales compared
with 4.4 million bales in 1954-55, even
though the 1955-56 acreage of 19.5 mil-
lion was six percent above a year earl-
ier, USDA reports.
e More U.S. Competition — Cotton pro-
duced in the remaining foreign non-
Communist countries is similar to and
generally competitive with American-
Upland types. These countries as a
whole increased acreage and_ produc-
tion by nine percent in 1955-56 over the
previous season, continuing the rise that
has taken place during the past 10
Texas Department of Agriculture is
spending an emergency appropriation
of $25,009 during May and June in a
federal-state spraying program to com-
bat a major grasshopper threat in the
More than eight million acres of
range land in the Panhandle and South
Plains were found to be heavily in-
fested in a recent hopper egg count
survey. This compares with only about
four million acres last year.
Early spraying is expected to prevent
a serious build-up, Commissioner John
White said. Migratory female hoppers
lay 200 to 400 eggs a season. If a ma-
jority of the eggs hatch and develop in-
to adults, they can average about 23
to 32 hoppers a square yard. Even
lesser amounts can strip the land of
crops and grass, White added.
The hopper threat is especially seri-
ous to cattle of West Texas this year.
Dry weather has created ideal hatching
conditions. White estimated every dol-
lar spent in control may save ranchers
and farmers of Texas some $38 in crops
and grazing later.
TO PROVIDE adequate facilities for the enlarged engineering department of Moss-
Gordin Lint Cleaner Co., more than 1,350 square feet have been added to the
Lubbock offices. Completion of the new structure gives Moss-Gordin one of the most
efficient and architecturally attractive executive quarters to be found in the gin
equipment manufacturing industry. Earlier expansion this year brought plant space
up to 51,000 square feet devoted exclusively to the manufacture of Moss Lint
Cleaners. The offices, which adjoin the Moss-Gordin plant, have an exterior finish
of brick veneer. The new engineering department has rooms for drafting, preparing
specifications and blue printing. An area for the engineering library is provided.
Air conditioning and special lighting are found throughout. Moss-Gordin, specialist
in the manufacture of lint cleaning equipment, has had a remarkable growth during
the past three seasons according to company officials. First with many exclusive
features, Moss-Gordin has introduced the new wrapped wire saw in all of the 1956
Moss Lint Cleaners. In addition to the Lubbock plant and offices, other offices are
in Dallas and Memphis.
Gin Names New Directors
Hart Camp Cooperative Gin at Little-
field, Texas, has named the following
new officers and directors: J. E. Mul-
ler, president; K. W. Mahaffey, vice-
president; Ivy Thompson, secretary;
and Blanton Martin, J. P. Hukill and
Dan Puckett, directors. Puckett repre-
sents the gin on the board of Plains
Cooperative Oil Mill and Farmers’ Co-
operative Compress. S. O. Owens is gin
28 JUNE 2, 1956 + THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
C. L. Walker, Jr.
Temple, Texas ——
C. L. WALKER, JR., Temple, Texas, was
born into the oil mill business on July 6,
1909, as his father was manager of the
Southland Cotton Oil Co. at Temple, the
mill which the son now manages. “Chick”
began working around the mill when 15
years of age, started regular work in
1932 and became manager in 1940 when
C. L. Walker, Sr., died. He was educated
at Texas A. & M. and the University of
“Chick” and his wife have two daugh-
ters and one married son, serving in the
He is very active in civic and agricul-
tural programs, and has been mayor of
Temple, president of the Lions Club and
other groups, and served in the Farm
and Ranch Club, 7-Step Cotton Commit-
tee, and others. He is an honorary Lone
Star Farmer of the Future Farmers;
and has been a leader in cotton industry
organizations, including the National
Cotton Council, Texas Cotton Ginners’
Association, and Texas and National
“Chick” says that he thinks oil milling
and ginning are the two greatest indus-
tries in the country and that both have
a good future. His hobbies are kids and
Two Convention Dates Set
By Cotton Institute
The 1958 convention of the American
Cotton Manufacturers’ Institute will be
held April 10-12, at the Hollywood
Beach Hotel, Hollywood, Fla.
Announcement had been made pre-
viously that the 1957 convention would
be held April 4-6, 1957, at the Palm
Beach Biltmore Hotel, Palm Beach, Fla.
F. E. Grier of Greenwood, S.C., pres-
ident of The Abney Mills and chairman
of the board of Erwin Mills, Inc., is
president of ACMI and will preside
over the 1957 convention. L. G. Hard-
man, Jr., of Commerce, Ga., president
of Harmony Grove Mills, Inc., is first
vice-president of ACMI and, if custom
is followed, will become president next
year and will preside over the 1958 con-
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS * JUNE 2, 1956
Valley Committee Lists
Rules on First Bale
Rules for the $2,500 minimum prize
first bale contest sponsored by the spe-
cial cotton committee of the Harlingen
Chamber of Commerce are announced by
the rules committee headed by Co-chair-
men F. Earl Davis and Rex Steele, cot-
The special cotton committee, headed
by Chairman Vernon Murphy, is offer-
ing a prize of $1,500 for the first bale
of cotton grown in the U.S. this year,
if it is delivered to Harlingen for pub-
lic auction, and meets the requirements
set by the rules committee.
In addition to the $1,500, the grower
will receive whatever the bale brings
when it is auctioned off, with a guar-
antee it will bring at least $1,000, thus
assuring a minimum prize of $2,500.
The bale must be delivered to the
Harlingen Police Station, 110 West Jef-
ferson, for official clocking as to time
of arrival. The police dispatcher on
duty will record the exact minute of
the arrival—and in the past, in some
close races, minutes determined the win-
To be eligible for the $2,500 mini-
mum prize, the first bale must be U.S.
grown, 1956 crop, and must not have
been sold anywhere prior to reaching
Last year the first bale was grown
in a joint farming operation by Jerry
Block of Sharyland and Will Wallace
of Edinburg, and was delivered June 8.
It brought $3.13 a pound, which with
the $1,500 prize offered by the cotton
committee, gave the growers $3,180.81
for their bale.
for ordinary, medium or
heavy duty service
Flange Couplings—designed to provide rigid, true
running connections between shafts, for ordinary line-
shaft service. Supplied in standard plain face type for
joining shafts of same diameter, and the male and
female type for joining shafts of different diameters.
These couplings are not recommended for temporary
or emergency replacement service.
Compression Couplings— especially designed to pro-
vide a simple method of joining medium or lightly
loaded shafts. Easily mounted and removed. Can be
diameters, not exceeding one inch difference.
connecting shafts of different
Ribbed Type Compression Couplings —recommended
for emergency or regular service or heavily loaded
shafts. Sufficient space may be left between shaft ends
when mounting coupling to permit any replacement
Sure-Grip Flexible Coupling—no costly reboring of
flanges for different sized shafts. Cuts down installation
time and allows easier removal for maintenance of
connecting units. Plastic hard coating prevents rust.
Either neoprene or leather intermediate discs furnished
according to operating conditions. Sizes from #4 to
#10. Write for Bulletin + 496.
T.B. WOOD'S SONS CO.
1117 W. Commerce St. « Dallas, Texas
At Industry Meeting
@ MANUFACTURERS told
more research needed; farm
policies will be major influence.
A bright outlook for margarine, de-
spite lower sales during the past 12
months was forecast by A. C. Nielsen
Co., market research organization, at
the Margarine All-Industry Conference
May 23-25 at The Homestead, Hot
Margarine sales are up 48 percent
from five years ago, while butter shows
an eight percent cutback, Carl J. Weber,
vice-president of the firm, told the Na-
tional Association of Margarine Manu-
For the year ending April 1, 1956,
however, margarine sales were nar-
rowly under the previous 12 months
as compared with a four percent in-
crease in the consumer movement of
butter, according to Nielsen figures.
This reflected the lower average con-
sumer prices of butter throughout the
The future outlook for the margar-
ine industry seems highly favorable,
Weber said. He listed among contrib-
uting factors the continuing favorable
price differential versus butter, the im-
proved quality of product and greater
Today you can reduce the mainte-
nance costs of your machines more
effectively through the application of
Fafnir Power Transmission Units
equipped with either slinger type or
contact type seals. Both types are pre-
lubricated at the factory with long-
life, completely filtered grease. Relu-
brication, therefore, is no longer a
requisite, and cleaner bearing opera-
tion is assured.
Fafnir Plya-Seal and Mechani-Seal
(Cast Iron) Standard
and Heavy Series
Pillow Blocks (Cast
tron) Standard an
- —-AChoice of
Bearings are equipped with the
famous Fafnir Self-Locking Collar—
easiest of all to install. Counterbored,
eccentric cam, mated-construction of
collar and inner ring assures positive
locking action without lock nuts, or
adapters. Inner rings are bored to inch
dimensions to fit standard shafting
and slip-fit into place. For complete
details, consult your authorized Fafnir
Distributor or write The Fafnir
Bearing Company, New Britain, Conn.
MOST COMPLETE cg LINE IN AMERICA
JUNE 2, 1956 -
attractiveness of package and the wid-
ening recognition of the nutritional val-
ues of margarine. Margarine was also
shown to be one of the major food
store sales items in terms of total con-
sumer dollar volume.
e Benson Talk — Secretary of Agricul-
ture Ezra Benson told the conference
that we are in the midst of an agricul-
tural revolution and “must learn to live
He said cotton producers elected to
have rigid price supports and lost mar-
kets everywhere, whereas the soybean
industry gained markets because pro-
ducers “risked the growing pains of a
fluctuating price and an _ expanded
“Today, after 25 years of the utmost
government solicitude, cotton has lost
markets everywhere. Its producers have
lost freedom. Cottonseed crushers are
limited in the availability of their raw
material. Your cottonseed oil supply is
limited and you are using a bigger and
bigger proportion of soybean oil in your
product. As a prominent Southern Sen-
ator has said, it is not accidental that
the big income-depressing surpluses in
Commodity Credit stocks consist almost
entirely of commodities for which the
federal government has followed a rigid
price support policy that has held prices
at levels higher than effective demand.
Certainly this is true in the case of
cotton where prices have been and are
considerably above those of our competi-
tors. He further stated that it is his
conviction that agriculture will be better
off economically if the scope and extent
of federal intervention in the price and
marketing picture is reduced rather than
expanded,” Benson continued.
“The pity is that the road back is a
long, long one, even if cotton should set
its feet firmly in that direction. Markets
once lost are not easily regained. Twenty-
five sheltered years are poor conditioning
for the rough-and-tumble of competitive
life. Again quoting the Senator, “ as far
as cotton is concerned, farm policies
based only on price will, in the long run,
destroy the industry.’ ”
e More Research Needed — Increased
basic research and education as to the
significant values of food fats in the
diet were advocated by Siert F. Riepma,
In Myrtle Beach
North and South Carolina cot-
tonseed crushers, their families
and guests are at Myrtle Beach,
S.C., for the joint convention of
North Carolina Cottonseed Crush-
ers’ Association and South Caro-
lina Cotton Seed Crushers’ Asso-
ciation. The meeting is at the
Ocean Forest Hotel, June 4-5, but
many of the group gathered there
earlier to enjoy the vacation spot.
The Press listed details of the
entertainment and business pro-
gram in its most recent issue.
Association officers for 1955-56
were, in North Carolina, T. F.
Bridgers, president; D. R. Oliver,
vice-president; and Mrs. M. U.
Hogue, secretary - treasurer; in
South Carolina, Wm. McD. Jones,
president; and Mrs. Durrett L.
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
San Antonio Host to
San Antonio is the center of at-
tention for many representatives
of the crushing industry, as mem-
bers of the International Oil Mill
Superintendents’ Association meet
at the Plaza Hotel on June 4-5-6
for their annual convention. G. A.
Ward, Phoenix, Ariz., is president
of the Association; K. B. Smith,
Fresno, Calif., vice-president; and
H. E. Wilson, Wharton, Texas, is
secretary-treasurer. Plans for the
meeting were reported in detail
in the May 19 issue of The Press.
Association president, in his remarks.
“We should tell over and over again,”
said Riepma, “these two stories: (1)
Food fats are not judged harmful by
reputable authorities; and (2) Margar-
ine offers the weight-watcher the great
advantages of uniform food energy,
vitamin A, and essential fatty acids—
and at lower cost than any comparable
food. Nor should we overlook the im-
portant advantages of flavor and tex-
ture, and the consequent increased pal-
atability given to foods, which marga-
rine provides, thanks to continuing im-
provements in its manufacture.”
While welcoming signs of the disap-
pearance of the old margarine-butter
controversy, the margarine official
called attention to new types of dis-
crimination which he described as fol-
“Extensive government ‘give-aways’
of surplus butter into _ institutional
markets which margarine had substan-
tially won on its own merits (school
lunch programs, Army, welfare, insti-
tutions, etc.) go on and on, amounting
to an estimated 155 million pounds dis-
posed of or earmarked in 1955.
“Although margarine production dur-
ing 1955 dropped for the first time in
six years, by two percent under 1954
(1,334 million pounds), this is not se-
vere compared to the tremendous ton-
nage of surplus, subsidized butter
dumped into margarine markets. Fur-
ther, production so far for the 12
months just ending promises to reach
about 1,375,000,000 pounds, about two
percent more than the preceding same
period. Creamery butter production this
year is expected to increase from 1955
by some 100 million pounds, or about
e Fats in Diet — The problem of fats in
the diet and what influence they may
have on hardening of the arteries was
reviewed by Dr. Charles D. May, Iowa
State University, who warned against
public excitement over “fragmentary
knowledge” and said that it is impera-
tive that a sound, orderly research and
educational approach be made to studies
and interpretation of the role of fats
in the diet.
Doctor May pointed out that fat is
not a simple substance, but a complex
mixture; that it now appears that a
distinction must be made between ani-
mal and vegetable fats in their influ-
ence in the arteries; that many other
factors enter into the problems; and
that it usually is easier for the over-
weight person to reduce on a diet con-
taining the usual amounts of fats but
fewer total calories.
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
e Agriculture and Margarine — Laur-
ence K. Soth, Des Moines Register and
Tribune, said that the great contro-
versy currently raging over U.S. agri-
cultural policy is a continuing great
debate, similar to the 150-year debate
He listed as two underlying forces or
conditions (1) a persistent, powerful
tendency for agricultural production to
grow faster than demand for farm
products; and (2) The failure of farm-
ing to adjust itself automatically to
“A period cf sharp changes is under
way now in the fats and oils field,”
Soth said. “Broadly speaking, consum-
er demand is shifting away from animal
fats, including butter and lard, and to-
ward vegetable fats processed into
margarine for table use and vegetable
shortening for cooking. Governmental
barriers have been interposed, both at
state and national levels, tending to
slow down this process of change. Many
of these barriers have been eliminated
now, and compeitition between the veg-
etable and the animal fats is much
freer than it was. There is every rea-
son to believe that the trend toward
more vegetable fats in tablespreads and
shortening will continue.”
The newspaper editor warned the
group that any period of depression is
likely to encourage restrictive measures,
such as discrimination against marga-
rine; and that the soil bank program
tends to stimulate production of animal
CONSTRUCTION VIEW OF GRAIN STORAGE BUILDING
We will be happy to assist with your plans for low-cost wind-
resistant, fire and lightning safe, rodent proof buildings.
IMPLEMENT STORAGE — SEED HOUSES
GIN BUILDINGS — COTTON HOUSES — WAREHOUSES
MACHINE SHOPS — UTILITY BUILDINGS
FEEDING AND LOAFING BARNS
ALUMINUM BUILDING (
J eo eee
‘ MAIL THIS TODAY
PLEASE SEND INFORMATION TO ME ABOUT
1 ————TTYPE OF BUILDING YOU ARE INTERESTED IN)
. STEEL BUILDING
: IN oS aa
MS on ER a
: ADDRESS avecsocioaias
CREO OREO REE EERE EERE EE EEE EEE EEE EERE EEE EE EEE EEE EEE EEE EEE EEE EE EEE EEE
1007 EAST ADMIRAL
TULSA 1, OKLAHOMA
* JUNE 2, 1956
RATES AND CLOSING DATES: Ten cents per word per insertion. Include your firm name
and address in making word count.
Minimum charge $2.00. Copy must be in our hands by
Thursday morning of week of issue. Please write plainly.
Oil Mill Equipment for Sale
OIL MILL EQUIPMENT FOR SALE—Rebuilt
twin motor Anderson high speed expellers, French
screw presses, stack cookers, meal coolers, four-
teen inch conditioners, filter presses, oil screening
tanks, complete modern prepressing or single
press expeller mills.—Pittock & Associates, Glen
FOR SALE — Filter presses; screening tanks;
single and twin motor Anderson Super Duo ex-
pellers, with conditioners; several extra 36”
cooker dryers and conditioners. All steel] linter
baling presses; 141-176 saw linters; seed cleaners ;
No. 158 separating units; bar hullers; lint beat-
hydraulic press room
ers; stack cookers; rolls;
equipment.—V. A. Lessor & Co., P. O.
Fort Worth, Texas.
FOR SALE— -Anderson Super Duo expellers. Filter
presses. 72” and 85” cookers. Butters milling ma-
chine, Tru-line double box linter press. Attrition
mills. Single drum hull beater. 20” to 70” fans.
Motors: 75 h.p. and under.—Sproles & Cook
Machinery Co., 151 Leslie St., Telephone PR-5958,
INSPECTIONS and appraisal. Dismantle and in-
stallation.—Oscar V. Shultz. Industrial Engineer-
ing, Phone BUtler 9-2172, P. O. Box 357, Grape-
Gin Equipment for Sale
FOR SALE—Cotton gins, oil mills, compresses
Contact M. M. Phillips, Phone TE5-8555, P. O.
Box 1288, Corpus Christi, Texas.
FOR SALE—3-80 saw Murray gins; 3 LEF 60”
feeders; 1 Murray triplex pump; 3 Continental
2-X feeders 66”; 1 up-packing press ram; 1 Con-
tinental seed hopper.—R. R. Norman, Ft. Deposit,
ELECTRIC MOTOR SALE!
Rebuilt and New Ball Bearing Motors
HP. Type Speed Price
300 Slipring 900 $3500
200 Slipring 900 New 3152
200 Slipring 720 2368
150 Slipring 900 New 2590
150 Slipring 900 1566
200 Sq. Cage 900 1481
150 Sq. Cage 900 1188
100 Slipring 1200 1076
100 Slipring 900 1189
100 Sq. Cage 1200 758
100 Sq. Cage 900 879
75 Sq. Cage 1800 490
75 Slipring 1200 889
75 Slipring 900 991
75 Sq. Cage 1200 564
60 Sq. Cage 1800 356
50 Sq. Cage 1800 290
All Sizes and Types Motors Up to 800 H.P. in
Stock, LOAN MOTORS AVAILABLE AT NO
Wholesale and Retail Distributors of
DELCO — GENERAL ELECTRIC — ACEC
W. M. SMITH
LLAS FORT WORTH
HAniiton 8-4606 EDison 6-2372
POrter 5-6348 GArfield 3-6587
FOR SALE—3-80 Cen-Tennial gins, $250 each.
Special Mitchell Super units, 66” units, completely
rebuilt, $750 each. Hardwicke-Etter short stroke
tramper, complete with charge box, $500. Lum-
mus iron bound steel, one-story down-packing
tramper, $1250. Cen- Tennial tramper, $550. Con-
tinental ram and casing, $150. 1144-M BTU Hard-
wicke-Etter burner, $50. 1-M Mitchell burner,
$400. No. 30 Mitchell vaporizer, $200. Complete
3-80 Continental gins with FEC Mitchell feeders,
Mitchell steel conveyor distributor, 6-cylinder
horizontal Murray steel cleaner, 100 h.p. Fair-
banks diesel, 1-M Mitchell burner, one Mitchell
Jem-bo, Continental condenser, two-story iron
bound press, unloader fan, all transitions items
complete, $4500. A real buy for someone who
wants to get in the gin business cheap. Priced to
move.—Wonder State Manufacturing Company,
FOR SALE—Gins: 1-90 Murray Safety, 7-90 Gul-
lett, 4-80 Lummus 1949 model, glass front double
mote, 4-80 Continental Model C brush, 7-80 glass
front loose roll dump gins, 4-80 Cen-Tennial air
blast with loose roll boxes and glass fronts, 5-70
Continental Model C brush with 30 fronts, 5-70
Lummus automatic all-steel ball-bearing picker
rollers. Lint cleaners: 2-80 saw 1949 Continental.
Driers: 1 Murray big reel, four 4-trough 1951
model Continental with burners, 5-80 Mitchell, two
Lummus thermo cleaners. Bur machines: 1-10’
all-steel Continental with 14” overflow conveyor,
one Hardwicke-Etter 14’ steel and one wood. Air-
line cleaners: one 8-cylinder Stacy with hot air at-
tachment, one 4-cylinder V-drive Stacy, one 6-
cylinder Hardwicke-Etter. Cleaners: 1 Hardwicke-
Etter 7-cylinder blow-in type, 2 Continental in-
clined 4-cylinder all-steel. Huller-cleaner-feeders :
5-60” V-drive Super Mitchells, 5-66” Hardwicke-
Etter with 4-cylinder after-cleaner, 5-70 Lummus
MEF, 7-80 Lummus MEF, 4-66” V-drive Super
Mitchells. Condensers: 1-72” Murray down-dis-
charge, 2-60” Continental all-steel side-discharge,
1-60” Lummus up-discharge. Separators: 2 Conti-
nentals, 1 Stacy. Pumps: 2 Murrays. Miscellane-
ous items: 1 Hardwicke-Etter burner, various
size fans, one double 30” Murray fan, two saw
drums for 14’ Lummus bur machine, one rock
and boll catcher, 5-70 Lummus change valve hop-
pers, 1-72” Murray vacuum, 1-52” Murray Vacu-
um, 4-72” Murray cleaning cylinder with bearings.
Engines: One L3000 Le Roi, one 280 h.p. Le Roi,
one MM Twin six 210 h.p., one MM 240 h.p., 6-
cylinder. Electric motors: Sizes from 3 to 150 h.p.,
440 volt.—Bill Smith, Box 694, Phones 4-9626 and
4-7847, Abilene, Texas.
FOR SALE—1-24’ rotary lift, 1 double box Fair-
banks seed scales,1-22’ truck scales, 1-14’ Wichita
after-cleaner for bur machine of any make, 1-10’
Wichita bur machine, steel, 2-10’ steel Continental
bur machines, 1-14’ steel Lummus bur machine,
4 late model glass front roll dump Murray gin
stands, 4-60 V-belt Mitchell machines, like new,
supers, 4-60 big standard Mitchells, hot air intake,
1-52” Stacy dropper, 2 Murray PX press, 1 Hard-
wicke-Etter 6-cylinder air line cleaner, one 4-
section Mitchell precleaner. These and many other
pieces of machinery are ready for delivery.—
Spencer’s Cotton Gin Sales & Service, 5 miles
north Highway 81, Box 204, Georgetown, Texas.
FOR SALE—Government type tower driers, auto-
matic gas heaters, blow pies, a8 and fittings. We are
prepared to deliver and install —— and any
wily inery in conjunction with d uip-
ervice Gin Co., P. O. Box 21, go 251,
Ville Platte, Louisiana.
FOR SALE—4-80 saw aii air blast gins, with
6” mote conveyors, with 4 Gullett multiple hull
extracting feeders and Murray steel belt distribu-
tor; Murray lint flues; Murray 72” condensor;
1 Lummus 10’ bur machine with 5-cylinder after
cleaner; 1 Cen-Tennial all-steel double hopper
seed scale; 2-40” fans; shafts, steel split pulleys,
etc.—Brady Cotton Oil Company, Paul Klatt, sec-
retary, Phone 2218, Brady, Texas.
FOR SALE—All or any part of one pores late-
model, all-steel 4-80 gin, consisting of 4-80 glass
front Murray gins. 4-80 special standard V-drive
Mitchells. 4-80 submerged lint flue. 4-80 Hard-
wicke-Etter conveyor distributor. One 6-cylinder
Hardwicke-Etter airline cleaner. One 16-shelf Hard-
wicke-Etter tower drier, fan and burner. One
5-cylinder Hardwicke-Etter V-drive blow-in No. 1
cleaner. One Hardwicke-Etter 3-way bypass. One
14’ Hardwicke-Etter bur machine. One 5-cylinder
V-drive No. 2 cleaner. One Hardwicke-Etter side
discharge condenser. One Cameron ballbearing
tramper. One Hardwicke-Etter up-packing press.
One set Hardwicke-Etter seed scales. Two retor
lifts. One MM butane or natural gas engine. Faas
on V-drive, al] transmissions, etc. This is an extra
good, clean gin at a bargain.—Bill Smith, Box
694, Phones 49626 and 47847, Abilene, Texas.
JUNE 2, 1956 -
FOR SALE—Several late model loose roll glass
front 80-saw Murray gins and 80-saw Continental
Model C gins with 30 fronts. Mitchell feeders in
60” and 66”, standard and Super units. One 10’
Hardwicke-Etter steel bur machine. Steel clean-
ers: One 48”, 6-cylinder Stacy, one 50”, 6-cylinder
Continental and one 9-cylinder blow-in type, and
one 9 and 10-cylinder 50” Hardwicke-Etters with
V-drive. Steel separators: One 72” Continental
revolving screen drum, 48” and 60” type M and
48” type C Lummus. One 4-80 Lummus and 5-80
Mitchell conveyor distributors. New Government
type towers and drying equipment. Heaters: %4-
million Mitchell, one- and two-million Continentals
and one 1\4-million Murray. One 5-80 practically
new double drum, down draft Cen-Tennial con-
denser with lint slide, automatic self-cleaning
mechanism and approximately 15 feet of exhaust
pipe. Press Pumps: Two 4-plunger horizontal
Beaumiers, three horizontal Murray triplex and
cone vertical Continental triplex, all in excellent
condition. Several practically new rams and cas-
ings. New Phelps fans, open end V-belts and
fasteners, V-sheaves, Seal-Skin and Beltraction
belt dressing and a general line of new transmis-
sion equipment. Hundreds of other miscellaneous
items of machinery and supplies in Waco stock
and available for prompt shipment. For your
largest, oldest and most reliable source of used
and reconditioned gin machinery, contact us.
Qualified graduate engineer to assist you with any
of your machinery problems at no obligation. Call
us regarding any machinery or complete plants
you have for sale or trade.—R. B. Strickland &
Co., 13- . Hackberry St., Telephones: Day 2-8141,
Night: 83-7929, Waco, Texas.
FOR SALE—One 4-80 Murray gin, Super Chief
Mitchell feeder, Mitchell heater with 24-shelf drier,
Murray bur machine.—Box RX, c/o The Cotton
ba and Oil Mill Press, P. O. Box 7985, Dallas,
FOR. SALE—7-13”, and 4-12” “two-way cotton
valves, good shape, less than half new price.—
Union Farmers Gin, Portageville, Mo.
FOR ‘SALE—2- -80 Continental brush direct con-
nected gins. 2-66 Super Mitchell extractor feeders
flat belts. Used seed sterilizers.—Service Gin Co.,
P. O. Box 21, Phone 4251, Ville e Platte, Louisiana.
FOR ~ SALE—Gin buildings, 30’, 86’ and 40’
widths. Any length. Built in sections, bolted in
place.—Moorman Steel Co., Hutchins, Texas, or
FOR SALE—One "“Hardwicke-Etter Type I all-steel
cleaning system. Consists of 6-cylinder air line
cleaner, 16-shelf tower drier, burner, fan and
piping; one 5-cylinder V-drive No. 1 blow-in type
cleaner, 3-way bypass, 14’ bur machine; one 5-
cylinder V-drive No. 2 cleaner, all suction pipe,
including suction. Price $8,500.—Bill Smith, Box
694, Phones 49626 and 47847, Abilene, Texas.
FOR SALE ‘OR TRADE—5-1949 model Hard-
wicke-Etter extractor feeders in good condition.—
Howard & Jones, Moody, Texas.
FOR SALE—One all-steel down-packing Conti-
nental press. One all-steel up-packing Hardwicke-
Etter press.—Bill Smith, Box 694, Phones 4-9626
and 4-7847, Abilene, Texas.
FOR SALE—4-80 gin well located, newly repaired,
ready to go. Cotton looking fine. Recent rain.
Price and terms reasonable. Write Owner, Box
186, Kaufman, Texas.
FOR SALE—4-66” Standard Mitchell feeders, V-
belt drive, hot air receivers, repaired and painted.
Good as new—A bargain.—P. O. Box 370, Kos-
FOR SALE—One all-steel Lummus 60” up-dis-
charge condenser, one Lummus Super Jet lint
cleaner, one Lummus Super Jet lint flue for 6-80.
All in excellent condition. Will sell very cheap.—
R. D. Southard Gin, Rt. 3, Box 32, Robstown,
FOR SALE—Three Super Jet lint cleaners com-
plete with lint flue, 50” condenser, and 15 h.p.
suction motor. Excellent condition.—Box AA, c/o
The Cotton Gin and Oil Mill Press, P. O. Box
7985, Dallas, Texas.
FOR SALE—Four 1949 model Gullett brush type
gin stands. Good condition. Priced reasonable.—
Box PT, c/o The Cotton Gin and Oil Mill Press,
P. O. Box 7985, Dallas, Texas.
FOR SALE—Four Mitchell Super Chief feeders,
three years old. Good condition.—Hobbs Gin, New
FOR SALE—One 10’ Lummus bur machine and
cleaner, in fair condition, cheap.—Burton Farm-
ers Gin Assn., Burton, Texas.
condition. Price reasonable. —
8 Gullett 80-saw gins in excellent
FOR SALE—Five MEF Lummus feeders and gin
— Gin, Rt. 1, Phone 3521, Idalou,
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
FOR SALE—Gin building, any size. Seed houses
and cotton houses. All-steel, ted section com-
plete, erected on your foundation. Save as much
- 20%. Call Moorman Steel, CA5-2832, Hutchins,
WANTED—Used double box, down-stroke, hy-
draulic baling press, complete with pump, con-
trols, etc. Will take immediate delivery.—Peabody
Manufacturing Co., West Point, Georgia.
WANTED— -Five F-3 Continental gin stands, “80
saws.—Heckville Gin, Rt. 1, Phone 3521, Idalou,
WANTED— General manager for oil mill and
gins. Bookkeeping knowledge essential. State ex-
perience, age and references in application.—
Box MW, c/o The Cotton Gin and Oil Mill Press,
P. O. Box 7985, Dallas, Texas.
POSITION WANTED—Gin manager r would like
to re-locate in West Texas or New Mexico. 25
years experience. Can install machinery and do
own repair.—Box EMB, c/o The Cotton Gin and
Oil Mill Press, P. O. Box 7985, Dallas, Texas.
Power Units and Miscellaneous
FOR SALE—New and rebuilt Minneapolis-Moline
engines, from 35 h.p. to 220 h.p., call us day or
night for parts and service.—Fort Worth Machin-
ery Co., 913 E. Berry St., Fort Worth, Texas.
FOR THE LARGEST STOCK of good, clean used
gas or diesel engines in Texas, always see Stewart
& Stevenson Services first. Contact your nearest
FOR SALE—6-cylinder Twin City, natural gas
engine, 8” x 9”, in excellent condition, complete
with cooling coils, sheaves, 10 D-330 belts.—
Cooper Feed & Supply Co., Phone 58, Cooper,
FOR SALE—Power Units: 51 h.p. Le Roi, $50;
70 h.p. Le Roi, $850; p. Le Roi, $1350;
180 hp.. International, : 160 h.p. G.M.C.,
$2750; Twin GMC 671-12103, 260 h.p., $6,000. 400
h.p. Le Roi, $7500.—Wonder State Manufacturing
Company, Paragould, Arkansas.
FOR SALE—One V-12 L3000, 400 h.p. Le Roi
butane engine; one V-8, 280 h.p. Le Roi engine;
two twin six MM, 210 h.p. butane engines; two
6-cylinder MM 240 h.p. butane engines; several
7%, 10, 20 and 30 h.p., 220-440 volt electric
motors and starters.—Bill Smith, Box 694, Phones
49626 and 47847, Abilene, Texas.
FOR SALE—1-100 h.p. gin motor, 900 rpm, slip
ring, with oil switch, grids and controller, re-
built and in first class condition. Price $900 at
our warehouse.—Durant Armature Works, 111
South Second Avenue, Durant, Okla.
FOR SALE—35 h.p. high pressure boiler, 150 lb.
pressure test. Bargain.—W. D. Waddle, Route 1,
BB coiion Men Foam at Mouth
Over Rubber Mattresses
@ AT A MEETING of directors
of the National Cotton Batting
Institute in Atlanta, Georgia,
the directors all appeared at the
10 a.m. session weary, tired, and
Comments such as, “I had to
get up and take an aspirin”; “
tossed and turned all night”: a
didn’t sleep a wink last night”;
were heard on ail sides. The
cause? The men had been
forced to sleep on foam rubber
mattresses—none_ slept well!
And the hotel management
heard the merits of cotton inner-
spring mattresses from the 13
Institute directors who attended
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
Gives Degree to D. A. Lacy
On May 28, the Southwestern Uni-
versity of Georgetown, Texas, confer-
red upon D. A. Lacy, Sr. of Dallas,
Texas, the honorary degree of Doctor
D. A. Lacy is a layman in the Metho-
dist Church and for many years he has
given generously of his time and ma-
terial possessions not only to the Meth-
D. A. LACY
odist Church, and its various institu-
tions, but likewise to other institutions
and agencies designed for help and ben-
efit toward society irrespective of race,
color or creed.
Lacy became identified with the cot-
tonseed products industry 47 years ago
in Houston, Texas, the place of his
Lacy has always had his home in
Texas—residing in Houston the first
twenty-three years of his life, and the
subsequent years in Dallas.
He began work as a stenographer at
Houston, June 11, 1909, for J. G. Leav-
ell Company, a firm for many years
prominent in the brokerage field, hand-
ling cottonseed products, packing house
products and provisions.
Lacy at the age of fifteen was an
employee of one of the larger railway
systems at Houston as a stenographer,
and in which work he remained until
employed by J. G. Leavell Company. He
continued his association with the Leav-
ell Company for approximately ten
years. He moved from Houston to Dal-
las in 1913 to establish an office for
the Leavell Company.
In early January, 1918, the Leavell
Company sent Lacy to San Francisco
for a period of several months to pur-
chase copra. At that time four cotton-
seed oil mills in Texas had decided to
try the crushing of copra. Those were
the days of World War One when fats
and proteins were much in demand, as
usually happens during the years of
In June. 1919. Lacy was invited by
Sterne & Sons Company of Chicago to
become associated with them as resident
partner and manager of Sterne-Lacy
Company, of Dallas—Lacy setting up
the office in Dallas.
In the summer of 1923, he took over
+ JUNE 2, 1956
the entire facilities and operations at
Dallas of the Sterne-Lacy Company,
and established his own company known
for many years as D. A. Lacy Com-
In 1931 W. A. (Bill) Logan became
an associate of D. A. Lacy Company,
and within a very few months follow-
ing the beginning of Lacy’s happy as-
sociation with Bill Logan, the firm of
Lacy-Logan Company came into exist-
At the present, the firm of Lacy-
Logan Company, with offices at Dallas
and Memphis, consists of D. A. Lacy,
Sr., W. A. Logan, D. A. Lacy, Jr., Paul
C. Lacy, and F. G. Nichol.
Lacy-Logan Company of Memphis
was established in 1950, and is in charge
of O. H. Little who has been an asso-
ciate of the firm for four years. Little
was formerly of Texas.
_Lacy-Logan Company, in the name of
different partners, holds memberships
in the Chicago Board of Trade, The
New York Produce Exchange, the Mem-
phis Merchants Exchange and the Dal-
las Cotton Exchange.
Taxes on Texas Farmers
Rise for Ninth Year
Taxes on Texas farm and ranch land
in 1955 were 7.9 percent higher than
in 1954 and at a new high average per
acre, L. P. Gabbard, Texas A. & M.
; The average tax per acre for Texas
in 1955 was 31.3 cents, up 2.3 cents
per acre over the 29.0 cents in 1954.
This was the ninth consecutive year
of tax increase and the highest average
tax per acre yet reached in Texas.
While this substantial increase took
place in taxes, prices of farm products
declined. The price index of Texas farm
commodities dropped from 265 in 1954
to 259 in 1955. The tax-price ratio
changed from 1.22 to 1.34, a relative
increase in taxes of almost 10 percent.
It took almost 10 percent more farm
commodities to pay taxes in 1955 than
in 1954. The relative tax burden has
increased 74 percent during 1951-55.
The average tax per acre increased
19.6 percent in one part of the Rolling
Plains Area; it declined 4.4 percent in
the High Plains and the Trans-Pecos
cattle grazing areas. These extreme va-
riations in farm taxes among type-of-
farming areas are caused mainly by
differences in land values and local fi-
nancial and economic conditions.
No important changes occurred in the
distribution of farm real estate taxes
to the various types of governmental
units. Farm taxes continue to be pre-
The administration of the farm per-
sonal property tax continues to show
inequities among counties. Some coun-
ties assess taxes on practically all prop-
erty subject to tax; some limit the tax
to livestock. while others ignore the
personal property tax completely, Gab-
@ HAROLD WILLIS WIED-
MAN, Oroville, Calif., will start research
on plant diseases of cotton and forage
crops at New Mexico A. & M. on July 1
@ GEORGE P. McCARTHY,
formerly executive vice-president of Uni-
versal Mills, Fort Worth, now is vice-
president of Flour Mills of America.
@ Fats, Oils Brokers
CECIL BAYS of Arcadia, Calif., was
elected president of the National Fats
and Oils Brokers’ Association at the
annual meeting in Dallas during the
National Cottonseed Products Associa-
tion convention May 21-22. The fats and
oils group was host at a reception for
those attending the crushers’ meeting
at the Statler Hilton Hotel.
Bays succeeds George K. Dahlin of
Chicago as head of the organization.
F. Gordon Nichol of Dallas, who has
been secretary-treasurer, was elected
vice-president; and Gregory D. Huff-
aker of New York was named secretary-
Members elected to the board of di-
rectors were Dahlin, Bays, Nichol, Huff-
aker, J. C. Laws and John Hinman.
One of Plants Sold by
Belton Bagging Co.
Belton Bagging Co., manufacturers
of jute bagging for covering cotton, in-
terlinings and press cloth, announce the
sale of one of their plants, located at
North Belton, S.C., Williamston Road,
to the Belton Yarn Mill.
W. C. Brown, Jr., president of Belton
Bagging Co., stated that their jute
manufacturing operations have been
transferred from this plant to Calcut-
ta, India, and that no interruption in
their deliveries of bagging throughout
the Cotton Belt will occur.
Brown also stated that their inter-
lining and press cloth operations will
continue as usual at Belton.
Tristates Group Is
Several hundred representatives
from oilseed processing mills and
allied organizations will gather in
Biloxi, Miss., June 6-7-8 for the
thirty-first annual meeting of the
Tristates Oil Mill Superintend-
ents’ Association. The program
for this meeting appeared in The
Cotton Gin and Oil Mill Press on
Officers of the Association in-
clude E. E. Kressenberg, Mem-
phis, president; O. M. Beckham,
Osceola, Ark., vice-president; E.
A. Gaulding, Jackson, Miss., vice-
president; Roy Castillow, Little
Rock, secretary - treasurer; and
Mrs. Castillow, corresponding sec-
$1,000 Cotton Awards
Awards of $1,000 in cash prizes are
being offered in the Texas Plains 4-H
Cotton Contest. District awards are
given by Plains Cooperative Oil Mill,
Lubbock, and additional awards are
made by gins and others to winners in
many of the counties participating.
Gin Builds Third Unit
Petersburg, Texas, Cooperative Gin
Association 1s completing this summer
its third gin plant. Ronald Weaver is
manager and T. M. Ingram is the newly-
@ Louisiana Decision
A LOUISIANA court decision that
swept aside restrictions blocking the
manufacture and sale of frozen veg-
etable fat desserts will help use of cot-
A. L. Story, chairman of the National
Cotton Council’s domestic trade barriers
committee, said “action by the Civil
District Court for the Parish of Orleans
in Louisiana overrules a series of legal
maneuvers that were designed to keep
nutritious and low-cost mellorine-type
products off the market in an important
cotton state and upholds a previous ac-
tion by the State Board of Health, which
authorized sales of mellorine in 1954.”
J. H. Henry, Melrose, La., grower and
ginner, said, “Opponents of mellorine
have been able for several years to post-
pone the effective date of sale for mel-
lorine in Louisiana and to place a dis-
criminatory ban on a tasty and nutri-
tious food product which deserves to
compete in the free market of the U.S.
on its own merits. Now, however, tne
public in Louisiana can make its own
choice. Now competition will determine
how much mellorine will be sold. Now
competition will also decide how much
mellorine fat will come from cottonseed.
This is as it should be.”
Frank D. Phillips, Jr., Wed
A recent wedding of interest to mem-
bers of the cotton oil industry was
that of Nell Tunnell to Frank D. Phil-
lips, Jr., at the home of the bride-
groom’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. Frank
D. Phillips at Sherman, Texas.
The New, Trouble-Free
“The Travelling Telescope That Will Travel”
FIVE YEARS OF PROVEN, TROUBLE-FREE SERVICE!
Here are some of the reasons it has given such outstanding performance:
® No Slip Joint to Bind ® Roller of 2 inch Pipe — Sealed
® Rolls on Angle Iron Track
® Travels Full Length with Light
® Made to Order for Your Gin Pressure of Finger or Hand
Also, Complete Line of Gin, Oil Mill and Feed Mill Sheet Metal Products.
The Home of the Famous and Talked-about 18 Gauge Elbows.
ZEIG SHEET METAL WORKS
P. O. Box 673 HEARNE, TEXAS Phone 504
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
JUNE 2, 1956 -
e Sesame Grants Made
To Texas Station
SESAME RESEARCH will be
by two grants-in-aid made _ to
The grants, according to Director
R. D. Lewis, were made by the Texas
Sesame Seed Growers of Paris, Texas,
through Executive Vice-President Rob-
ert L. Parker and the Frito Co. of Dal-
las through President C. E. Doolin. The
grants are for $500 and $1,000 respec-
tively and the research studies which
they will support are being conducted
in the department of agronomy under
the supervision of Dr. Murray L. Kin-
The grant from the seed growers will
be used for work on developing sesame
varieties suited to the whole seed spe-
cialty trade, namely, baking and con-
fection. Here the emphasis is placed on
seed quality and flavor. Presently the
types being produced in Texas for these
uses have a tan seed coat and bitter
flavor. Both of these are undesirable
from the whcle seed trade standpoint.
The grant funds will be a big aid, says
Kinman, in evaluating and increasing
desirable varieties with sweet flavored,
The Frito grant was used to purchase
special equipment, a high clearance, self-
propelled sprayer. This equipment will
be used primarily in preharvest desic-
cation experiments. Present recom-
mendation for harvesting non-shatter-
ing (Rio) sesame is to cut and wind-
row at the time of maturity and after
the plants have dried to complete the
harvest with a combine equipped with
a pickup attachment. If preharvest des-
iccation can be made practical and eco-
nomical, it will be possible to combine
the standing plant and thus make har-
vesting more convenient, says Kinman.
This same equipment will also be used
for inoculating breeding plots with dif-
ferent diseases in the search for dis-
ease resistant varieties.
These two grants, says Kinman, are
evidence of the interest being shown in
the sesame breeding program of the
Station, which has been aided for a
number of years by National Cotton-
seed Products Association.
Oil Chemists Announce
Short Course Plans
Details of the program for the Amer-
ican Oil Chemists’ Society 1956 Short
Course on Unit Processes in the Fatty
Oil, Soap and Detergent Industries have
been announced. It will be held July
16-20 at Purdue University.
The Society also has announced an
Aug. 1 deadline for entries in the $500
Fatty Acid Producers’ Award compe-
Sept. 24-26 are dates for the Society’s
fall meeting at the Sherman Hotel in
W. R. Flippin Honored
W. R. Flippin, Buckeye division man-
ager, was one of the past presidents
honored at the thirtieth anniversary ob-
servance of the Memphis Agricultural
Club on May 28.
e Steelmaking Shows
Gains in South
STEELMAKING capacity in the South
has increased 70 percent in the past 10
years, Robert S. Lynch, president, At-
lantic Steel Co., told the American Iron
and Steel Institute May 24 in New York.
Some steel companies in the South,
Lynch noted, have increased capacity
by about 200 percent in just one decade,
and three producers were not even in
operation 10 years ago.
“It is no accident,” he continued,
“that the number of steel producers
has been growing—and that the smaller
companies in many instances have been
expanding far more rapidly than the
Responsible management today knows
the difference between fair competition
and destructive competition. Big com-
panies seek expansion for the whole
economy as well as for themselves. He
pointed out that they encouraged the
growth of smaller enterprise both in-
side and outside the industry.
Ginning Research Summary
Ginning research at Chickasha, Okla.,
is summarized in a recent publication,
available from Oklahoma A. & M. Col-
lege, Stillwater, Technical Bulletin No.
T-59 is titled “Ginning Research at
Chickasha, 1951-55.” The author is
James A. Luscombe, formerly at Chick-
asha but now in charge of the new
USDA Cotton Ginning Laboratory at
Color folder on request.
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
Here’s that desert Isle you’ve
dreamed about, with swaying palms,
pounding surf, and 32 miles of
beach. All the atmosphere of the
south seas plus the comfort of mod-
ern resort hotels, every recreational
facility and Texas’ brightest night
important, too, rates are
extremely reasonable at
Completely Air Conditioned
-+.@ symphony of Surf, Sand and Sun
* JUNE 2, 1956
on the beach, Galveston, Texas
Television @ Radio © Swimming Pool
AFFILIATED NATIONAL HOTELS
HOTEL ADMIRAL SEMMES
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AIR CONDITIONED © TELEVISION ¢# RADIOS
© Four Changes Made
In Swift Officers
FOUR major changes in Swift &
Co.’s_ officer ranks have been an-
nounced by President Porter M. Jarvis.
They involve election of two new vice-
presidents, transfer of responsibilities
of another, and the retirement of George
J. Stewart, vice-president and director,
because of ill health.
Stewart is retiring on pension after
nearly 45 years of service, 25 of them
as an officer. A native Chicagoan,
Stewart started his Swift career as an
office boy on Oct. 3, 1911. Twenty years
later he was elected a vice-president—
one of the youngest in the company’s
history. In January, 1950, he was elected
New and broader responsibilities have
been assigned to Vice-President Harold
E. Wilson, who has been the officer in
charge of sales for the last four years.
He will become associated with O. E.
Jones, executive vice-president who is
charge of future sales planning, adver-
tising, merchandising, and consumer
packaged frozen foods.
F. J. Townley, general sales mana-
ger, was elected’ vice-president, in
charge of all general sales departments
of Swift and associated plants.
J. B. Miller, district sales manager at
Atlanta, was elected vice-president. In
his new post he will direct refinery,
vegetable oil buying, margarine and
storage operations. He takes over the
responsibilities of Stewart.
The two new Swift vice-presidents
have had experience in various sales
Townley started with Swift as a stu-
dent salesman in Birmingham in 1924.
Since then he has held various sales
positions, in Nashville, Montgomery,
Houston, Kansas City and Chicago. In
1951 he was named assistant general
sales manager, was placed in charge of
branch house sales in 1952 and was
named general sales manager in 1953.
Miller joined Swift 28 years ago as a
clerk in Fort Worth. After several
years in the margarine and refinery
divisions, Miller was transferred to
sales units in Texas, serving as manager
at Beaumont and later at Houston. In
1952 he became district sales manager
at Fort Worth and late in 1953 was
named assistant general sales manager.
Since last January, Miller has served
as district sales manager in the At-
Vice-President Wilson has a 36-year
record with Swift, starting as a clerk
in the Chicago accounting department.
Later he was transferred to sales. He
subsequently managed the company’s
sales unit at Springfield, Ill., was dis-
trict manager for sales units with head-
quarters at Syracuse, N.Y., and also
manager of the New York district ter-
ritory. He was elected vice-president in
charge of sales in 1952.
Russians Studying Cotton
Two Russians, N. I. Milokhov and
S. S. Kanash, visited Lubbock and the
South Plains area of Texas during the
last week of May to study cotton pro-
duction and processing. They visited
gin machinery manufacturing plants,
gins and oil mills as well as cotton
farms and research centers. They also
are studying cotton in Arizona, Mis-
sissippi and North Carolina on their
RELATIONS IN INDUSTRIAL
Dr. Glen Gilman, Georgia Institute of
Technology, is the author of a detailed
study, of special interest to members of
the textile industry, titled “Human Re-
lations in the Industrial Southeast.”
Prepared under the sponsorship of the
Textile Education Foundation, Inc., the
book was published by the University of
North Carolina Press.
g@M. O. WATKINS became
Florida Extension Service director on
June 1, succeeding H. G. CLAYTON,
A GOOD EXAMPLE—AND
ATIONAL DAIRY MONTH in June follows closely on the heels
of National Cotton Week in May. Both observances pay trib-
utes to fine products, commodities that contribute much to the
nation. Both cotton and dairy products deserve all of the attention
that can be concentrated on their merits and their problems. Both
ought to have far more research, advertising and promotion than
they are gettirg.
Cotton men are interested in the progress of the dairy industry
for many reasons. Its products are basic to healthful diets for the
nation. Its producers make up one of the largest and most im-
portant segments of agriculture. Dairy cattle offer cottonseed feed
products an important market, and dairymen benefit from the wide
availability of these feed products. And, of course, there is the
factor of the competition between butter and margarine for the
The dairy industry recently has embarked upon a widespread
program of promotion of all of its products, a program long over-
due. This is far more extensive than the observance of National
Dairy Month. It includes a year-round advertising and promotional
campaign—featuring such attention-getters as Disneyland and the
Lone Ranger on TV, Bob Hope on radio, full page ads in news-
papers and other publicity material. During June, Disneyland is
expected to reach 50 million people each week and the Lone Ranger
25 million—to say nothing of the audience reached by newspapers,
magazines and other media. And, these are not mere statistics:
Disneyland definitely reaches our own three boys, each week, no
matter what program the parents may prefer to watch!
Cotton people will do well to think about the following fact.
The National Cotton Council does not have millions to spend on
nationwide advertising programs nor does it ask the industry to
put up the millions needed for such a program. Instead, it takes a
few dollars and multiplies them many times by getting others to
invest in cotton promotion. For example, the downtown merchants
of a single city—Dallas—spent as much money promoting National
Cotton Week this year as the Council had available to spend
throughout the nation in behalf of Cotton Week. It’s a marvel and
a tribute to a very able, dedicated staff that the National Cotton
Council can do so much with so little.
Dollar for dollar, no one gets more for the money than the
cotton industry is getting for its investment in National Cotton
Week and other work of the National Cotton Council. The trouble
is that too often it’s a case of penny for dollar—only a penny avail-
able to spend for cotton to match a dollar spent to promote its
competitors. And, a penny just won’t do the job—no matter how
hard Rhea Blake, Ed Lipscomb or the others in the Council and in
the industry work.
Right now, each cotton product is being asked to provide a few
more pennies for cotton in its fight for survival. We think that
National Dairy Month, and every other month, is a good time for
cotton people to ponder carefully the need for doing more—the
vital necessity for investing in their own future by supporting the
National Cotton Council.
JUNE 2, 1956 -
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PREsSs
Texas Ginners Start
District meetings of Texas Cot-
ton Ginners’ Association are get-
ting under way. Ed H. Bush, Dal-
Memory of Ward Delaney
Honored by Foundation
A bronze tablet, in memory of Ward
Delaney, first executive director of the
Oscar Johnston Foundation, was viewed
by National Cotton Council directors
May 25 at the Foundation building in
USDA Has Export Program
For Cotton Textiles
Cotton textiles, yarns and spinnable
cotton waste made from U.S. cotton will
get export help, USDA has announced.
The export program for raw cotton will
be extended to include these cotton prod-
ieee te eee eae a The building is Council head- yets and details of the plan being de-
shail ailiniec Mee sina, Ue aamabaeeend aa ers. palaces veloped will be announced before Aug. 1,
2 s é visit to the building followed a when the program starts.
June 5, Districts 13-14, noon luncheon of the Council’s board of direc-
lunch at Little Creek Motel, Harl- tors, at which Mrs. Margaret Delaney, ¢ Japanese Imports — Commerce Secre-
ingen. Charlottesville, Va., widow of the late tary Sinclair Weeks said that this act
June 6, Districts 11-12, noon executive director, was honor guest. would greatly increase U.S. textile ex-
ports. He also announced that the Japan-
ese have restated their plans to place
voluntary limits on textile exports to the
U.S. in 1956 and “to adopt a similar
measure in a
A. L. Durand, Hobart, Okla., chairman
of the Board of Trustees of the Founda-
tion, paid tribute to Delaney’s achieve-
ment in making the Foundation a fact
as well as a name.
lunch at White Plaza Hotel, Cor-
June 27, District 10, noon lunch
at Richmond Country Club, Rich-
® India Will Crush
INTEREST in crushing cottonseed is
increasing in India, where the crop has
grown for 5,000 years but relatively
little of the seed has been processed,
according to C. R. Das of New Delhi,
manager of the Delhi Cloth Mills Chem-
Das recently has been visited oil mills
and other firms in the U.S. and was in-
terviewed while at Producers Cotton Oil
Co. in Fresno. He said that higher liv-
ing standards are increasing demand
for fats and that India will increase its
SPEED UP UNLOADING WITH A
Wilson & Co. Moves
Wilson & Co. general offices in Chi-
cago have moved to Prudential Plaza
Building. The new telephone number is
Unloading is the special job of this
cone-shaped Superblast Fan. Its air
flow pulls in cotton and seed—slides
the material off the perforated cone-
shaped screen—picks the cotton and
seed up again at the outlet, where it’s
on its way. The blades never strike
the material—eliminating roping, seed
cracking and fire hazards. The Board-
man Superblast Unloading Fan will
work faster and more economical for
YOU. See it today!
4 BOARDMAN co.
1401 S.W. 11TH
BRANCH OFFICE: TULSA, OKLAHOMA
Bob Mays Recovering
J. R. MAYS, Memphis, president, Bar-
row-Agee Laboratories, is recovering
from a lengthy illness, but will have to
remain at home, 1564 Harbert, for some
time before resuming normal activity
in the chemical and oilseed fields. His
friends throughout these industries will
join the staff of The Press in best wishes
for his continued recovery.
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PREss + JUNE 2, 1956 37
(Continued from Page 11)
ical sketch of the new president accom-
panies this article.
Association members. presented a
handsome gift to Retiring President
and Mrs. E. H. Lawton as an expression
of their appreciation for his leadership
during the past season. A silver service
was presented at the convention, in ad-
dition to an Oriental rug sent directly
to their home.
The following directors who had been
nominated by the states were elected,
to serve along with the new president,
retiring president, and four directors
J. S. Long, Cuilman, Ala.
James A. Yost, Litchfield Park, Ariz.
James Hicky, Forrest City, Ark.
W. B. Coberly, Jr., Los Angeles, Calif.
E. G. McKenzie, Jr., Macon, Ga.
J. E. Byram, Jr., Alexandria, La.
J. B. Perry, Jr., Grenada, Miss.
A. K. Shaifer, Clarksdale, Miss.
W. T. Melvin, Rocky Mount, N.C.
A. L. Durand, Chickasha, Okla.
R. M. Hughes, Greer, S.C.
Frank B. Caldwell, Sr., Jackson, Tenn.
Roy B. Davis, Lubbock, Texas
Joe Flaig, Dallas, Texas.
W. L. Goble, Sr., Waco, Texas.
S. J. Vaughan, Jr., Hillsboro, Texas.
Directors at large, elected on the rec-
ommendation of the board of directors,
are: C. T. Prindeville, Chicago; E. A.
Geoghegan, New Orleans; W. H. Knapp,
Cincinnati; and Dupuy Bateman, Jr.,
Association directors for 1955-56 held
a meeting on the Monday morning pre-
ceding formal opening of the convention,
and the 1956-57 board of directors met
at lunch after the convention adjourned.
and re-appointed the Association staff.
The entertainment features, arranged
by local committees in cooperation with
Association officials, were enjoyed by
one of the largest crowds of recent
years. The first event on the entertain-
ment program was the Sunday evening
The ladies’ luncheon was held at noon
Monday and featured a fashion presen-
tation by Neiman-Marcus, world fam-
The annual handicap golf tournament
was held Monday afternoon at Brook
Hollow Country Club.
National Fats and Oils Brokers’ As-
sociation was host Monday evening at
a reception for all convention regis-
The thirty-eighth annual reunion of
the Old Guard, industry organization,
was held Monday evening at the Dallas
Elected to membership in the honor-
ary organization of oil mill leaders were
Hal Harris, Greenville, Miss.; J. W.
Simmons, Jr., Dallas; and W. R. Flip-
pin, Memphis. R. Haughton, Dallas, was
elected an honorary member.
Old Guard officers, all re-elected, are:
New NCPA Head Active
In Many Industry and
m HARRY S. BAKER, Fresno, the
1956-57 president of National Cot-
tonseed Products Association, is a
native of Tennessee who moved to
California with his family as a boy
and settled in the Imperial Valley.
While a student at Oregon State
College, Baker returned to the San
Joaquin Valley each fall quarter to
work in the office of a cotton gin
and to buy and sell cotton.
While in college, he met his wife,
then Tina Amick of Grants Pass,
Ore., a member of the class of 1927,
as Baker was, and they were mar-
ried on April 2, 1927. They have two
children, Jane (Mrs. Fred W. Wiley)
and a son, David Franklin.
After working in the graduate
manager’s office at Oregon State
and industry programs.
College until the summer of 1928, Baker returned to California as manager
of some of the ginning operations of San Joaquin Cotton Oil Co. When
Producers’ Cotton Oil Co. was organized in 1930, Baker became associated
with the firm as manager of one of the gins, at Helm. In 1933, he became
field manager for the firm, in charge of all production loans and farming
operations; in 1935, he was elected to the board of directors; and in De-
cember, 1937, he was unanimously elected president of the company.
Baker also is president and a director of a number of other associated oil
milling, ginning and cotton firms; and president and director of Producers
Cotton Oil Agricultural Foundation, which seeks to conduct and aid the
development and dissemination of agricultural information. His many ac-
tivities include serving as a director of the National Cotton Council, mem-
ber of USDA’s cotton and cottonseed advisory committee; member, New
York Cotton Exchange advisory committee; director, California Manufac-
turers’ Association; past president, Fresno City and County Chamber of
member of the Rotary Club;
College Agricultural Foundation; and leadership in numerous other civic
vice-chairman, Fresno State
JUNE 2, 1956 >
W. D. LOWE, Jackson, Miss., was hon-
ored for his leadership in the cottonseed
crushing industry by election as an hon-
orary member of National Cottonseed
Products Association at the annual meet-
ing in Dallas. He was president of NCPA
in 1950-51 and has served on many
Tom Law, Atlanta, president; Jas. R.
Gill, Paris, Texas, vice-president; R. M.
Hughes, Greer, S.C., historian; and C.
E. Garner, Memphis, secretary-treasur-
The final social events, Tuesday even-
ing, were a reception followed by the
annual dinner and dance.
Committees for the 1956
General Arrangements — Joe Flaig,
chairman, Simmons Cotton Oil Mills,
Dallas; L. W. Althauser, The Procter
& Gamble Co., Dallas; Bruce Coleman,
The Englander Co., Dallas; Jas. R.
Gill, Southland Cotton Oil Co., Paris,
Texas; Richard Haughton, Jr., The Cot-
ton Gin & Oil Mill Press, Dallas; and
— Tobian, Louis Tobian & Co., Dal-
Golf—Carr Robinson, chairman, Rob-
inson-Adams Co., Dallas; Tom UH.
Hughston, Strader-Hughston Co., Dal-
las; a . Kutner, Merrill Lynch,
Pierce, Fenner & Beane, Dallas; W. A.
Logan, Lacy-Logan Co., Dallas; A.
Chad Ogden Chase Bag Co., Kansas
City, Mo.; and W. B. Vaughan, Kim-
bell-Norris Mills, Ft. Worth.
To Meet in Washington
Plans for holding the next annual
convention of the Association in Wash-
ington, D.C., were announced at the
conclusion of the Dallas convention.
The 1957 meeting will be on May 20-21
at the Shoreham Hotel.
BAUER DOUBLE-DISC ATTRITION
MILLS ARE DESCRIBED
Bauer double disc attrition mills are
the subject of a new Bulletin A-5-A
available from The Bauer Bros. Co.,
1701 Sheridan Avenue, Springfield,
Ohio, or The Cotton Gin and Oil Mill
Press, P.O. Box 7985, Dallas 26. Plates
designed for specific functions are il-
lustrated and described in the publica-
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
From our Washington Bureau
(Continued from Page 14)
hower to take some things he didn’t want.
Chief among those were provisions for
a more aggressive cotton export pro-
gram, a permissive two-price plan for
rice and some increase in non-corn feed
The cotton export provision in the
bill finally sent to the White House
poses some difficult problems of admin-
istrative interpretation. For several days
the USDA legal experts have been work-
ing on an interpretation that would sat-
isfy both the cotton industry and the
The language of the conference re-
port on the farm bill appears to give
Benson considerable discretion in the
acceptance or rejection of bids on cot-
ton for export. What it does, however,
is knock the props out from under
Benson’s announced intention not to
lower export prices below 27.5 cents
per pound, basis 7/8-inch middling.
That section of the bill directs the
CCC to use its existing powers and au-
thorities to encourage the exportation
of cotton by offering to make it avail-
able at prices based on sales under the
so-called million-bale program an-
nounced last year, and “even lower if
necessary,” in order to be competitive
with foreign countries exporting cotton
in substantial quantities.
That, on the face of it, appears to di-
rect the Secretary to offer cotton at
25.5 cents per pound, and to go still
lower if necessary. The one word—
“based”—may indicate, however, that
the figure is not necessarily exact.
The conference explained that “this
provision directs that such quantities
of cotton be offered and sold as will re-
establish and maintain the fair histor-
ical share of the world market for U.S.
cotton, the quantity to be determined by
the Secretary of Agriculture.
“It is hoped,” the conference report
reads, “that the Secretary can regain
the historical American share (esti-
mated at five million bales) of the
world market without unnecessarily
lowering the level of world prices for
cotton, and it is not intended that he
shall be required to drastically reduce
the price of cotton far below the level
of prices received at the sale announced
Aug. 12, 1955.
“On the other hand it is intended
that he shall have ample authority to
reduce prices to whatever level he finds
necessary to accomplish this result.”
Benson has sold a little over a quarter
of a million bales at 27.5 cents. There
are reports that the State Department
had promised some exporting nations
that we would not cut the price farther.
Congress said, in effect, we mean to
go after our share of the world cotton
market and we’ll meet the price of all
comers. The law is clear: Benson must
accept bids that will result in the sale
of approximately five million bales in
the 12 months beginning Aug. 1.
e Countries Agree
On Yarn Terms
MEETING at Southport, England, 20
nations have agreed on a universal sys-
tem for expressing yarn count.
The word “Tex” which indicates the
yarn weight in grams per 1,000 meters,
should be used exclusively by their
technologists, the countries agreed. The
group stated that this system would
displace the multiplicity of yarn num-
bering systems now used in each coun-
This action was supported by repre-
sentatives of International Wool Tex-
tile Organization, International Linen
and Hemp Confederation and B.I.S.F.A.
(International Bureau for Standardiz-
ing Synthetic Fibers).
Seventeeen U.S. delegates attending
the meeting have been nominated by
various organizations to represent the
American Standards Association, U.S.
member of the 37-country organization,
at the meetings of ISO Technical Com-
mittee 38 on Textiles, held May 11-18.
Members of the delegation include
T.L.W. Bailey, Jr.. USDA; Dr. Earl E.
Berkley, Anderson, Clayton & Co.,
Houston; George S. Buck, Jr. National
Cotton Council; Louis A. Fiori, USDA;
Gin Sponsors Cotton Maid Winner
THE WINNER of the Dona Ana County (New Mexico) Maid of Cotton Contest on
May 18, Argie Hoskins, is shown here. On her left is Mitchell Landers, executive
vice-president, Supima Association of
Presenting her with a gift is
Marshall O. Thompson, manager of Mesilla Co-op Gin, which sponsored her in the
contest. She will compete in the state finals at the New Mexico Cotton Ginners’
Association convention at Ruidoso, June 21-22.
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
+ JUNE 2, 1956
Otto Goedecke, Otto Goedecke Corp.,
Hallettsville, Texas; Joel F. Hembree,
University of Texas; Dr. Kenneth
Hertel, University of Tennessee; Charles
E. Hilton, American Standards Associa-
tion, New York; Professor William A.
Newell, North Carolina State College,
Raleigh; Edward T. Pickard, Kent,
Conn.; Dr. Arthur G. Scroggie, E. I.
du Pont de Nemours and Co., Inc., Wil-
mington, Del.; A. L. Vandergriff, Lum-
mus Cotton Gin Co., Columbus, Ga.;
Benjamin L. Whittier, North Carolina
State College, Raleigh; William L.
Wilt, The Sheffield Corp., Dayton,
Ohio; Dr. John W. Wright, USDA, Lt.
Col. Carl L. Whitney, Department of
the Army, Quartermaster Research and
Development Command, Natick, Mass.
New Cotton Standards
Approved at Meeting
Delegates to the Eleventh Universal
Cotton Standards Conference in Wash-
ington, May 21-23, approved 1,712 boxes
of universal cotton standards. They will
be the basis for international trade in
American upland cotton for the next
three years. In accordance with the Cot-
ton Standards Act, they must be used
as the official standards in this coun-
try for all transactions based on de-
In addition to approving the boxes
for the physical standards for white and
tinged cotton, the conference recom-
mended that descriptive standards for
Strict Good Middling be promulgated.
The Conference agreed that the new
grade standards boxes will be valid for
12 months instead of 18, effective im-
mediately. The group also decided not
to promulgate physical standards for
spotted cotton at this time.
USDA will continue to prepare field
trial boxes for the grades of Strict
Middling, Middling, Strict Low Middling,
and Low Middling for spotted cotton.
These will be available for distribution
as during the past three years.
Cotton Exchanges Studying
Foreign Growth Contract
New York Cotton Exchange and New
Orleans Cotton Exchange have announc-
ed the formation of special committees
to study the adoption of a contract which
will permit the delivery of cotton other
than that grown in the U.S.
For more than 85 years, the two
exchanges have only permitted delivery
on contract of cotton grown in the U.S.
Now, because of U.S. policies, the ex-
changes are studying the new policy in
an effort to “re-establish their useful-
ness to the world cotton trade as a
place where all segments may buy and
sell freely without the hampering in-
fluence of artificial support levels and
other governmental policies.”
DDT or Toxaphene Will
Cutworms are bothering cotton in
some California fields, and V. E. Bur-
ton, farm advisor at Bakersfield, says
that ground applications of DDT or
Toxaphene have been most effective
against this pest. He recommends DDT
at the rate of 1.5 pounds of spray or
2.0 pounds of dust for ground applica-
tion. Toxaphene rates should be 3.0 to
e@ More Butter and Less
HOUSEWIVES continue to report to
USDA that they are buying more but-
ter and less margarine than a year
ago. (For other margarine information,
see the report elsewhere in this issue
of the meeting of the margarine man-
In March, 1956, women surveyed re-
ported buying seven percent more but-
ter than a year earlier, but five percent
less margarine. March was the sixth
consecutive month of decline in mar-
garine buying, after 12 consecutive
months in which margarine purchases
had been larger than in the correspond-
ing month a year earlier.
e Margarine — Margarine purchases for
household use during March 1956 were
estimated at 94 million pounds, about
five million pounds less than March
1955. Slightly less than 60 percent of
all families reported buying margarine
during March 1956 as compared with
almost 62 percent in March 1955. Those
families buying margarine bought less
frequently during March 1956 than a
year earlier, but they were buying larg-
er average amounts per purchase.
For the year April, 1955-March, 1956,
household purchases of margarine were
about two percent larger but average
prices were six percent lower than in
the corresponding period a year earlier.
The market for margarine, as indicated
by the percentage of all families buy-
ing, showed virtually no change from
the April 1954-March 1955 period to
the April 1955-March 1956 period. Dur-
ing April 1955-March 1956, the fre-
quency of purchase per buying family
fell off almost eight percent from the
preceding 12-month period, but families
buying margarine reported an increase
of about five percent in the average
size of purchase.
Household purchases of margarine
declined about five million pounds from
February to March 1956. In 1954 and
1955 the purchase movement was also
downward from February to March by
three and four million pounds, respec-
e Butter — Total purchases of butter
for household use during March, 1956
were reported at just over 68 million
pounds compared with 64 million pounds
for March 1955. About 47 percent of all
families made a butter purchase during
March 1956 compared with 45 percent a
year earlier. Both the frequency of pur-
chase and the average size of purchase
were somewhat higher than a _ year
Butter purchases by householders
during the year ending March 31, 1956,
were about five percent larger than in
the corresponding period of 1954-55.
Butter prices to consumers were about
the same during both periods. In addi-
tion, the percentage of all families buy-
ing butter during April 1955-March
1956 was up about four percent over a
year earlier, and the average size of
purchase per buying family was up
fractionally. However, the frequency of
purchase per buying family fell off
about five percent.
. Slip-in tying
No cut bands
. Labor saving
B/D BALE TIE BUCKLES
have been proven and accepted interna-
tionally for tying new Gin Standard and
Gin Hi-Density cotton and linter bales.
Gin Standard & Hi-Density
BALE TIE BUCKLES
3050 East Slauson Ave., Huntington Park, Calif.
75 Market Street, Oakland, Calif.
JUNE 2, 1956 >
hee SR ra emeesee ss
Cooperative Mill, Gins
Four or more director-manager con-
ferences for cooperative organizations
will be held this year in Texas under
sponsorship of Texas Federation of Co-
operatives, Houston Bank for Coopera-
tives and Texas Extension Service.
Meetings definitely scheduled are July
10 at Mid-West Cooperative Oil Mill,
Hamlin; July 11, Ralls Inn at Ralls;
July 12, Cochran County Activities
Building, Morton; and July 13, O’Donnell
Grade School, O’Donnell.
The Hamlin meeting will be sponsored
by Mid-West Cooperative Oil Mill and
chairman for the meeting will be man-
ager R. L. McClung.
Sponsors for the Ralls conference are
Ralls Cooperative Gin Company, Loren-
zo Cooperative Gin Ass’n., Crosbyton
Farmers Cooperative Gin, and Owens
Cooperative Gin Company. C. R. (Doc)
Cooper, manager of the Ralls gin, will
be the chairman.
Morton Cooperative Gin, Maple Coop-
erative Gin, and Enochs Farmers Coop-
erative Ass’n. will sponsor the Morton
meeting with J. R. Kuykendall, manager
of the Morton gin, as chairman.
Cooperatives sponsoring the O’Donnell
meeting are O’Donnell Farmers Coopera-
tive Gin Ass’n., Wells Farmers Gin,
Tahoka Cooperative Ass’n. No. 1, and
Lamesa Cooperative Gin. Chairman of
the O’Donnell conference will be Weldon
Martin, manager of the O’Donnell gin.
Storage Loan Program Is
Extended Until 1957
Extension of farm storage facility
and farm storage equipment loan pro-
grams for another year (through June
30, 1957) has been announced by USDA.
Any farm owner-operator, share ten-
ant, share landlord, or producer part-
nership is eligible to participate in the
programs. Application for a loan may
be made at the county Agricultural
Stabilization and Conservation Commit-
tee (ASC) office. The loan may be
made either directly through the county
office or through a local bank. Loans
may be obtained on storage for wheat,
corn, oats, rye, barley, soybeans, grain
sorghums, dry edible beans, rice, pea-
nuts, cottonseed, flaxseed, and winter
cover crop seeds.
Golden Anniversary Plans
Made by Meat Institute
American Meat Institute will hold its
Golden Anniversary Convention Sept.
28-Oct. 2 at the Palmer House in Chi-
cago. The organization represents 85
percent of the commercial meat packing
business of the U.S.
New Peruvian Cotton
Pima BB is the designation of a new,
high-yielding cotton variety which has
been developed in Peru, according to
the Pan-American Union. Yields are
said to be as much as three times those
of established Peruvian varieties.
Cotton Is Rotary Topic
Ronald Tucker, National Cotton
Council field representative, spoke at
the May 24 meeting of the Rotary Club
at Blytheville, Ark.
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
Started Out As Farmer
Mayor of Ralls Stumbled
Into Ginning Industry
@ BILL SMITH has made a fine record in West Texas as a ginner,
L. SMITH, a leading West Texas
e ginner in Ralls, has had a unique
start in the ginning business. As he
puts it, he stumbled into the business.
He is known around Ralls as Mayor
Smith, having been elected to office
April 3 this year; and is quite well
known over the state as a leader in the
Lions Club. He was the first president
of the Ralls Lions Club, 1953, and be-
came zone chairman of District 2-Tl in
1955. He is at present deputy district
Born in 1901 near Anson, in Jones
County, Bill remained a farmer until
1928 when he took a job of bookkeeping
at the Texas Farm Bureau Gin in
Lorenzo (eight miles west of Ralls).
His good work resulted in his being of-
fered the job as manager of the gin in
1929. He remained manager until 1932.
In 1933 he moved to Ralls and managed
two gins for the organization until
1935. In a deal with partners, he
bought and sold another gin that he
managed in Ralls; and then he set-
tled as manager in 1951 of his own gin
Bill is a square shooter and knows
the business from A to Z. He has ultra-
modern equipment and does a good job
for his customers.
This probably accounts for his present
office of president of the Plains Gin-
ners’ Association. He has done legisla-
tive research on the pink bollworm
committee and is an active member of
the National Cotton Council. Bill was
recently elected as Crosby County di-
rector to the Plains Cotton Growers,
Inc., a 23-county organization created
to promote South Plains cotton.
Having to do a lot of community and
civic work doesn’t keep Bill from being
an active member of the First Baptist
Church in Ralls. He was called upon to
W. L. SMITH
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
community leader and worker in many other programs.
help others in the church work on a
new $200,000 building that is now
near completion. He and his wife attend
church, and often on Sunday expect a
visit from their son Jean D. Smith, or
his daughter Patsy (Mrs. James Moore).
Jean owns two gins at Cone, eight miles
north of Ralls.
Mayor Smith is a quiet man, who sel-
dom expresses his opinion at a gather-
ing—but he is also a man that thinks!
He gets things done.
e V. C. Marshall Wins
Texas Farm Award
V. C. MARSHALL, soil conservation
leader, received the Hoblitzelle Award
of $5,000 and a gold medal on May 23
at the Texas Research Foundation field
day at Renner. The 1956 award is for
the advancement of Texas rural life.
Marshall was selected by a state com-
mittee from among many nominees as
the Texan who made the most notable
contribution during the past three years
as a professional agricultural worker.
He is executive director of the State
Soil Conservation Board.
The award is alternated every third
year among agricultural scientists, prac-
ticing farmers and ranchmen and pro-
fessional workers in agriculture.
The presentation was the climax of a
tour and barbecue of Texas Research
Foundation and ceremonies in which
speakers included Karl Hoblitzelle, donor
of the award; Mayor R. L. Thornton of
Dallas; J. B. Thomas, president, Texas
Electric Service, Fort Worth; and Judge
Sarah T. Hughes, Dallas.
Marshall has devoted his life to agri-
cultural betterment. He gave his own
school district its first bus, a modified
Model T truck. He helped to write and
secure legislation to provide rural school
transportation. He led the program that
resulted in vocational agriculture in
Starting in the 1930, he travelled
thousands of miles in behalf of the soil
conservation program, led in the work to
pass state legislation for conservation
districts and became a member of the
first State Soil Conservation Board. He
later was executive secretary until last
Meeting Has Cotton Theme
“Sell More To Produce More Cotton”
was the theme of the May 31 meeting
of Arkansas Agricultural Council at
Forrest City. Speakers included Carl-
ton Power, National Cotton Council;
Sadler Love, American Cotton Manu-
facturers’ Institute; and Representative
Jamie L. Whitten of Mississippi.
@ NANCY GENEROSE, a
daughter, is the newest member of the
family of D. L. ELMORE, cashier for
Southern Cotton Oil Co., Darlington, S S.C.
* JUNE 2, 1956
% In this way you can make up V-Belts
in any length to fit any drive the fast
economical way — V-Belts that per-
form exceptionally well.
% In contrast to link-type belts these
ALLIGATOR fastened V-Belts have
just one strong joint... stretch and
follow-up maintenance are reduced
to 4 minimum.
ALLIGATOR INTRODUCTORY V-BELT
| ees, ™ 7 «(DRIVE UNITS
ing, Fasteners and
; Tools — every-
‘thing you need in
package to make
‘up V-Belts quick-
sizes A, B, C & D.
Ask for Bulletins V-215 and V-216
Order From Your Distributor
FLEXIBLE STEEL LACING COMPANY
4632 Lexington Street, Chicago 44, Illinois
e Cotton Maid Starts
Trip to Europe
MAID OF COTTON Pat Cowden of
Raleigh, N.C., will be Europe-bound
June 5 as the American cotton indus-
try’s fashion and good will ambassador
to five nations.
Pat will be the first of King Cotton’s
18 Maids to visit Spain. Other nations
on her tour are England, France, Bel-
gium, and Germany.
The North Carolina beauty goes first
to England. Accompanying her will be
two Cotton Council representatives, An-
nette Reid, tour manager, and Margot
Herzog, fashion director.
On June 7 she will be featured in a
fashion show at London under auspices
of the Cotton Board of England. It will
be staged at the national trade fair
sponsored by the British Board of
On June 8, the Maid will be presented
in fashion showings featuring British
cottons at the Color, Style, and Design
Center of the Manchester Cotton Board.
A return to London for sightseeing
is scheduled June 9, and the next day
Maid Pat will leave London for Barce-
lona, Spain. A reception is planned for
her at the Barcelona airport, and that
evening Pat and her party will attend
On June 11, a morning conference is
scheduled at which members of the
Spanish cotton textile industry and
press representatives will meet the
Maid; in the afternoon a reception will
be held; and that evening Pat will par-
ticipate in a cotton fashion show.
France is next on the Maid of Cotton
itinerary, with Pat scheduled to arrive
in Paris June 13. The next day she
will open the French Cotton Syndicate
exhibit showing promotion and market
research work by the National Cotton
Council in the U.S. and the Syndicate
in France. This event will mark the of-
ficial opening of the joint promotion
activities in France.
On June 15, the visiting American
Maid will serve as official hostess at a
charity benefit to be staged under aus-
pices of the French Cotton Syndicate.
The following two days will be spent
visiting French couturier houses.
The Maid will go from Paris to Brus-
sels, Belgium. She will also go to Liege
for a fashion show and to Antwerp for
a fashion show.
At Ghent, June 22, Maid Pat offi-
cially will open the new Belgian cotton
organization, Institut National Du
Coton. The ceremony will be followed
by a cotton industry reception at Ghent
University. On the same day, the Maid
will return to Brussels for a cotton
Germany is the last European coun-
try to be visited by the 1956 Maid of
Cotton, and she will leave Brussels for
Hamburg June 23. She will make fash-
ion appearances there and in Berlin,
Dusseldorf, Essen, Frankfurt, Karl-
sruhe, Stuttgart, and Munich. The last
official activities of the Maid in Europe
will take place on July 6.
The Maid’s tour is sponsored by the
National Cotton Council, the Memphis
Cotton Carnival, and the Cotton Ex-
changes of Memphis, New York, and
Pian Each Step in Machine
Picking, Mullins Urges
To save labor over hand-picking and
get a grade of cotton comparable to
hand-harvested, cotton farmers should
plan each step in cotton production from
land preparation to the last cultivation,
says J. Mullins, specialist for Ten-
nessee Extension Service, Jackson.
He points out that a field arrange-
ment with the longest rows, saves time
with all machine operations. If the field
has terraces and ditches they should be
so widened that machinery works over
and around them with ease; turning
space at the end of the rows is im-
In the land preparation process, dispose
completely of all old stalks, and remove
from the field all stumps and other ob-
structions. A good seed bed is, of course,
important in getting a good stand. Se-
lection of a variety that a machine
picks well should not be overlooked.
Planting with row spacing suitable for
machine picking is easy to overlook. Be
sure that the planter’s and _ picker’s
widths are about the same.
The stand of cotton, and spacing of
the cotton along the row, will affect
efficiency of the picker.
Automatic operations of the J. G.
Boswell Co. gins at Coolidge and Green
Rock, Ariz., are the subject of an article
in a recent issue of Arizona Farmer-
Ranchman, titled ‘“Push-Button Gin-
Write, Wire or Phone
For Details Today!
“Magic Wand” Moisture Control
The gentle mist of “wet water” now has the most
dependable control yet devised. Two steel rods (Magic
Wands) protruding up through the bottom of the lint
slide are connected to two sensitive-but-rugged micro
switches under the slide. When the batt of cotton
depresses the “wands” the mist starts. The Moyst wet-
ting agent insures quick, uniform penetration . . . costs
less than 2¢ a bale and wet water only adds about 8
Ibs. to a 500 Ib. bale. Breaks in the batt, releasing
either “Magic Wand” or both, instantly stop the mist
and prevent wetting the lint slide
Available in 4 Automatically
CABLE - KEMGAS
Samuel Jackson Manufacturing Co.
2518 ERSKINE STREET
POrter 2-2894 P. O. Box 5007
Experienced Ginners Know...
... the advantages of moisture in bal-
ing cotton. It makes pressing simpler.
It enables the press crew to keep up
with the production of the largest gin.
It reduces sponginess so that losses
from broken ties are practically elim-
inated. Press repairs are kept at a
minimum. It turns dry, harsh-feeling
samples into smooth ones that have a
slightly longer staple.
Use BELTON SUPERIOR BAGGING
and they Il KEEP COMING BACK!
2 Ib. weight — 21 Ibs. TARE
Open weave Jute Bagging
Pretested for uniform strength
Makes cleaner, stronger bales
“Built to Stand the Pressure’
(ELTON BAGGING CO.
~ Belton, South Carolina.
JUNE 2, 1956
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
Stands up well under
rough handling... pro-
tects cotton both in stor-
age and during shipment.
Open weave admits sun-
light and air...keeps
cotton dry and in good
condition. Looks better
after cutting sample holes.
GOOD REASONS FOR USING
Carolina Jute Bagging is
for uniformity. Full yard-
age and full weight is
Cotton is subject to less
weather damage than
that covered with closely
*K sae Thy Ary RR.
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
PREFERRED IN THE
For Every Need
Such a marked preference
for Rotor Life is natural. Re-
placing bucket elevators and
other mechanical elevating
units. Precision engineered
to meet your needs and re-
quirements in the elevating
of any free flowing bulk ma-
terial, the Rotor Lift will give
you uninterrupted produc-
tion and a continuous reduc-
tion in operating cost. Rotor
Lift is available in nine dis-
tinct types and four diameter
sizes. When processors in
the cotton ginning and oil-
seed industries express such
enthusiasm, it is well worth
Send for our illustrated
catalog describing the me-
chanical feature and specifi-
cations of the Rotor Lift.
6 S.E. 4th St. P.O. Box 1217
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
In NCPA Convention Talk
Need for Better Cottonseed
Meal Quality Emphasized
@ INDUSTRY wants to use more in formula feeds, authority says,
but cotton oil mills must assure high nutritional value and uni-
formity of their product to meet soybean competition.
ORE COTTONSEED MEAL prob-
ably will be used in formula feeds
in the future, but cotton oil mills will
have to do a better job of assuring uni-
formity and high quality of their prod-
uct, Dr. R. M. Bethke, Ralston Purina
Co., said in his address at the National
Cottonseed Products Association conven-
tion in Dallas. The convention is reported
elsewhere in this issue, and the following
summary of Dr. Bethke’s talk is pub-
lished in more detail because of its im-
portance to the industry.
The Ralston Purina nutritional author-
ity estimated that about one-third of all
cottonseed meal now produced is used in
formula feeds; and said that the manu-
facturer wants the same thing in all
protein supplements “high nutritional
value and uniformity from both a phys-
ical and a nutritional standpoint.”
In the category of uniformity, Doctor
Bethke continued, “We consider texture,
color, dustiness, freedom from foreign
material and chemical analysis as im-
portant. While some of these have noth-
ing to do with the nutritional worth of
the finished product, they nevertheless
are factors that can influence the ap-
pearance of the feed.”
Two different textures are preferred,
depending upon how the meal will be
used, he said. Coarser texture is better,
for example, in dairy feeds, whereas a
finely ground meal would be preferred
for feeds that are pelleted or dusted with
Uniformity of color and freedom from
dark, discolored material are important
He said that it is obvious that manufac-
turers want the meal to be non-dusty
and free from such foreign material as
excessive hulls, coarse hulls and lint
e Must Meet Guarantee — The feed au-
thority emphasized the importance of
uniformity of analysis in cottonseed
meal and of meeting the guarantee.
“Too often,” Doctor Bethke comment-
ed, “we purchase meals that are out of
line analytically. For example, out of
100 shipments the first few months of
this year, 26 percent fell below the sup-
posed guaranteed analysis of 41 percent
protein ... The protein analysis in these
samples varied from 35 to 46 percent—
an over-all spread of 11 percent. Would
you consider this a good job on the part
of suppliers or processors ?
“We also know from experience that
not ail processors do an equally good
job. Witness our experience with two
different suppliers. In the case of Sup-
plier A, 57 percent of the samples were
under the 41 percent protein guarantee
on which they were purchased. The meals
from this supplier ranged from 34 to 50
percent in protein. In contrast, Supplier
B had meals which were much more
uniform, a maximum range of six percent
—from 39 to 45 percent. And only eight
JUNE 2, 1956 -
R. M. BETHKE
out of 1,000 samples from Supplier B
failed to meet the protein guarantee by
a small percent. Which of these suppliers
would you patronize if you were in the
formula feed business?”
Doctor Bethke warned the cottonseed
STOP HEAT LOSSES!
PTC CABLE — DETECTS HEAT INSTANTLY
in stored cotton seed with guaranteed
performance because it’s built rugged. (1)
Improved Plow Steel with tensile strength of
7,040 Ibs. (2) Plastic sheath insulates against
friction, moisture, fumigants, etc. (3) Heat-
sensitive thermocouple circuit triple coated
with Formvar insulation.
PTC CABLE CO.
(Permanent Temperature Control)
200-203 ANCHOR BLDG.
ST. PAUL, MINN.
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
processors that their chief competitors, entered the employ of Continental Gin sentative until his recent appointment.
soybean processors, are doing a fine job Co. of Birmingham, representing their The grain, milling, feed and process-
and added, “some (cottonseed) proces- industrial division. After 11 years of ing industries will be served by Cox
sors will have to do a better job if they service he left to assume the duties of in his travels selling Hammond Screw
want the feed manufacturer’s business.” sales representative of Hewitt-Robins, Conveying Systems, Screw-Lifts, Kew-
He encouraged the crushers by saying Inc., manufacturers of vibrating equip- anee Hydraulic Truck Dumpers, Truck
that the feed industry would like to use ment. He also represented Screw Con- Lifts, Flexible Spouts, Bucket Elevators
more cottonseed meal, especially in its yeyor Corp. as manufacturers’ repre- and allied material handling equipment.
poultry and swine feeds. To assure this
greater demand, he said that the cotton-
seed industry needs to do the following
1. Make available meals sufficiently
low in free-gossypol to eliminate the
dangers of toxicity in swine and poul-
2. Eliminate the factor which causes
discoloration of eggs.
3. Improve the over-all protein qual- FOR GINS AND OIL MILLS
Delivered and Installed
ity through the use of proper controlled
4. Make available high-protein, low-
fiber meals of good protein quality that
are free of toxic factors.
5. Do a better job of supplying uni-
form, acceptable meals that meet the
standards of guarantee.
Electric Motor Repair
“The progress already made by your New Motors:
industry is impressive,” he concluded. ° °
“Your Association is not only looking Allis-Chalmers and Rewinding
ahead but is actually doing something Cent
about the future. It is well that your entury DAYTON BELTS
Association has seen fit to set up a A. O. Smith
cottonseed research committee and spon- Baldor LUMMUS GIN REPAIR PARTS
sor basic research on various phases of
the cottonseed problem and its potential
greater use in formula feeds—especial-
ly for swine and poultry. With this type iL U ai BOC ce E i EC i a“ i C CoO.
of program, it is logical to expect even
more advances in the future.” 1108 34th Street Phone SH 4-2336 — Or Nights, SH 4-7827
Or Consult Directory
Cox Joins Southern Sales LUBBOCK, TEXAS
Staff of Screw Conveyor
Bringing with him experience in
screw conveying and allied bucket ele-
vating equipment dating back to 1919,
Lindsay L. Cox has joined Screw Con-
veyor Corp. to augment their southern
sales staff, it is announced by E. P.
Escher, vice-president. He will travel
out of their recently enlarged plant in
Winona, Miss. His territory will cover
the states of Arkansas, Louisiana, Ok-
lahoma and Texas.
BRIGGS | EAVER HOUSTON
LO Oe ET. WORTH
LINDSAY L. COX
His early years were spent with _
H. W. Caldwell & Sons of Chicago un- 2 Gistributers of Industrial snes woos “Tools- — -Since 1896 |
til their absorbtion by Link-Belt Co. | = rs 4
where he remained until 1944. He then ES A, ee I
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS + JUNE 2, 1956 45
© Pfeiffenberger Will
Head Plains Group
GEORGE PFEIFFENBERGER will be-
come executive vice-president of Plains
Cotton Growers about July 1, W. O.
Fortenberry, Lubbock, Texas, president
of the West Texas cotton organization,
He will manage an organization dedi-
cated to the promotion and protection of
cotton producer interests in West Texas.
Charter members of the group—which
includes producers and other individuals
and businesses having a stake in West
Texas cotton—are now drawn from a
23-county area surrounding Lubbock.
Additional counties may be brought in
Pfeiffenberger will be concerned with
activities aimed at solving cotton pro-
duction problems in this area, at improv-
ing and stabilizing fiber and seed qual-
ity, at improving merchandising and
promotion of short-staple consumption,
and at analysis of government policies
affecting Plains cotton.
He comes to the Plains Growers from
the National Cotton Council. For the
past two years he has led the Council’s
research program aimed at developing an
improved bale package. Another major
project was improvement of methods and
standards for laboratory fiber testing,
and wider application of such tests in
large-scale merchandising and manufac-
turing of cotton. In addition, Pfeiffen-
berger worked on Council projects to
develop automatic controls for gins, and
to study the possibility of using mechan-
ical pickers and modern gins for extra-
long staple cotton.
Prior to joining the Council, Pfeiffen-
berger was research director and tech-
nical mill consultant for Otto Goedecke
Co., Hallettsville, Texas. The company is
noted for pioneering work in using pre-
cise laboratory measurements of fiber
properties as a basis for large-scale cot-
U. S. D. A. Designed
your sample better?
Stick and Green Leaf Machines
Does your gin need to remove more sticks,
green leaf, grass, motes and pin trash to make
Then you need these
HINCKLEY GIN SUPPLY CO.
4008 Commerce St., Dallas, Texas
Wherever cotton is
HOM moe, over—Brook Motors
motar/have faithfully powered
gins and oil mills since
1904. Brook Motors are built for continuous service in hot
climates. They surpass NEMA specifications, yet THEY COST
LESS than even ordinary motors. Available from 1 to 500 H.P.
All standard types; many special types. Send for Brochure—
Francisco; Savannah, Ga.;
$4 w. PSTeReen AVE.,
CHICAGO 45, IL
learn how Brook Motors can save for you.
FAST DELIVERY OF ALL POPULAR MODELS:
Brook Motors are available from warehouses at Chicago; Dallas, Tex.;
Jersey City, N. J.; Los Angeles; Memphis, Tenn.; Salt Lake City; San
Seattle; Tampa, Fla.;
and other major distribution points.
ion Ook 2 eed, |
1956 * THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
ton merchandising—and for its special-
ized services to cotton manufacturers on
their raw material problems.
From 1944 to 1952, Pfeiffenberger
was in Lubbock as spinning research
director for the Chicopee Manufacturing
Corp. Under his direction, the fiber lab-
oratory and pilot plant at Texas Tech
analyzed the use-value of all types of
cotton, measuring variations in quality
caused by area and season of growth,
by differences in ginning practices, and
by producing cotton under irrigation or
under rain-grown conditions. Tests also
were run to determine how various
qualities of cotton could be scientifically
blended to achieve desirable qualities in
cotton yarns and fabrics. Information
of this kind formed the basis for advis-
ing Chicopee’s management on how to
improve cotton buying practices and
Before joining Chicopee, Pfeiffenber-
ger had been with USDA since 1930.
A native of Ohio, Pfeiffenberger is a
member of The Fiber Society, the Amer-
ican Society for Quality Control, the
American Association for the Advance-
ment of Science, the American Society
for Testing Materials, and the Texas
Academy of Science.
He studied chemical and textile engi-
neering at the University of Dayton and
at Texas A. & M. College.
He and Mrs. Pfeiffenberger, along
with 16-year-old son Will and 19-year-
old daughter Ann, will make their home
Cooperative Short Course
Planned in New Mexico
A short course for directors and man-
agers of New Mexico cooperatives is
scheduled for June 6-7-8 on the New
Mexico A. & M. College campus. Speak-
ers will include Otis Weaver, USDA,
Washington; Gilbert Terpening, Bank
for Cooperatives, Wichita, Kans.; and
Ken Stern, American Institute of Co-
Co-op Modernizes Gins
Farmers Cooperative Society at Post,
Texas, is modernizing its ~ at Close
City and Graham Chapel. J. W. McMa-
hon is manager and L. G. Thuett, Sr.,
an to find”
Sure, the ginner is a “hard man to find”
especially during the off-season. Yet this is the
time of year when you most need to get the gin-
ner’s attention . . . because right now he’s planning
improvements for the coming season and deciding
what supplies he will need to keep his plant humming
at top speed when the new crop starts to move.
Advertisers who use The Cotton Gin and Oil Mill Press
know the ginner is easy to find, at amy time. The PRESS
is an old and trusted friend that can get you an audience
with the ginner whenever you want it. It has been bringing
advertisers and ginners together for fifty-seven years.
Now, while the ginner is planning his operations, make sure
he has an opportunity to consider your products or services. There is no
better . . . or more effective way .. . to do this than through the
advertising columns of The Cotton Gin and Oil Mill Press.
the cotton gin and oil m ” p re
3116 commerce st | Ale
This is our fift}rsixt
12 | 13 | 14/ 15 | 16] 17 | 18
10471) —«_I- ee ee
e June 3-6 — International Oil Mill Su-
perintendents’ Association annual con-
vention. Plaza Hotel, San Antonio, Texas.
H. E. Wilson, P. O. Box 1180, Wharton,
e June 4-5 — North Carolina Cottonseed
Crushers’ Association and South Caro-
lina Cotton Seed Crushers’ Association
joint annual convention. Ocean Forest
Hotel, Myrtle Beach, S.C. Mrs. M. U.
Hogue, 612 Lawyers Building, Raleigh,
secretary-treasurer, North Carolina As-
sociation; Mrs. Durrett L. Williams, 609
Palmetto Building, Columbia, secretary-
treasurer, South Carolina Association.
e June 6-8 — Tristates Oil Mill Superin-
tendents’ Association annual convention.
Biloxi, Miss. For information, write Roy
Castiliow, 20 Lenon Drive, Little Rock,
e June 10-12—Texas Cottonseed Crush-
ers’ Association annual convention. Stat-
ler Hilton Hotel, Dallas. Jack Whetstone,
624 Wilson Building, Dallas, secretary-
Approved and sold by several gin machinery manufacturers. Also widely
used by cottonseed oil mills for baling linters.
WALLER BALE GAGE
Save Money with the
Waller Bale Gage!
e For gins and oil mills
e No more big bales
e No more penalties to pay
e Keeps compresses happy
e No more straining or springing
e Uniform bales for your
Post Office Box 342
Big Spring, Texas
YOU WANT iT
As manufacturer’s and distributors
of tools, supplies and equipment for
EVERY NEED of Cotton Gins and
Oil Mills, we offer you the most
complete service in the Southwest.
Call us for ACTION!
& SUPPLY CO., INC.
1629 Main St. Fort Worth, Texas
JUNE 2, 1956 °
e June 16-19—Alabama-Florida Cotton-
seed Products Association and Georgia
Cottonseed Crushers’ Association joint
annual convention. Lookout Mountain
Hotel, Lookout Mountain, Tenn. J. E.
Moses, 318 Grand Theatre Bldg, Atlanta,
secretary of Georgia Association; C. M.
Scales, 322 Professional Bldg., Mont-
gomery, Ala., executive secretary, Ala-
e June 20-22 — Mississippi Cottonseed
Crushers’ Association annual convention.
Buena Vista Hotel, Biloxi, Miss. Gordon
W. Marks, P. O. Box 1757, Jackson, Miss.,
e June 21-22—New Mexico Cotton Gin-
ners’ Association annual convention. Nav-
ajo Lodge, Ruidoso. For information
write Winston Lovelace, secretary-treas-
urer, Pecos Valley Cotton Oil Co., Lov-
e June 25-26-27 — Oil Mill Operators’
Short Course. Texas A. & M. College,
College Station. Sponsored by College,
Texas Cottonseed Crushers’ Association
and International Oil Mill Superintend-
ents’ Association. For information write
Dr. J. D. Lindsay, Texas A. & M. College.
e Aug. 13-15—Joint conventions, Amer-
ican Soybean Association and National
Soybean Processors’ Association, Univer-
sity of Illinois, Urbana, Ill. R. G.
Houghtlin, president, National Soybean
Processors’ Association, 3818 Board of
Trade Building, Chicago 4; Geo. M.
Strayer, executive vice-president, Amer-
ican Soybean Association, Hudson, Iowa.
e Aug. 22-23-24—Tenth Beltwide Cotton
Mechanization Conference. Biltmore Ho-
tel, Atlanta, Ga. For information, write
National Cotton Council, P. O. Box 9905,
Memphis 12, Tenn.
e Sept. 23-26 — American Oil Chemists’
Society fall meeting. Sherman Hotel,
Chicago. For information, write Society
headquarters, 35 East Wacker Drive,
e Dec. 13-14 — Second annual Cotton
Production Conference. Tutwiler Hotel,
Birmingham, Ala. For information, write
National Cotton Council, P. O. Box 9905,
e Jan. 28-29 — National Cotton Council
of America annual meeting. Jefferson
Hotel, St. Louis. For information, write
Wm. Rhea Blake, executive vice-presi-
dent, P. O. Box 9905, Memphis, Tenn.
e March 5-6—Western Cotton Produc-
tion Conference. Hotel Westward Ho,
Phoenix, Ariz. Sponsored by Southwest
Five-State Cotton Growers’ Association
and National Cotton Council.
e April 1-3 — Texas Cotton Ginners’
Association Convention, State Fair of
Texas grounds, Dallas. Ed H. Bush, ex-
ecutive vice-president, 3724 Race Street,
Dallas. For information regarding ex-
hibit space, write R. Haughton, presi-
dent, Gin Machinery & Supply Associ-
ation, P. O. Box 7985, Dallas 26.
e May 20-21—National Cottonseed Prod-
ucts Association annual _ convention.
Shoreham Hotel, Washington, D.C. John
F. Moloney, 19 South Cleveland Street,
e June 5-7 — Tristates Oil Mill Super-
intendents’ Association annual conven-
tion. Memphis, Tenn.
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRRss
Oklahoma Research Foundation
(Continued from Page 7)
other funds go into the cash fund from
which the Foundation draws its oper-
The Foundation’s policies are deter-
mined by its officers and a board of di-
rectors, all of whom serve without ex-
pense to the Foundation. “No one work-
ing with the Foundation draws a sal-
ary. All of the directors’ and officers’
time and expenses are contributed in
interest of cotton in the state,” Lucas
explains. All of the officers of the
Foundation, and all but three of the
directors, now serving are the same as
started at the Foundation’s origin in
Officers of the Foundation are Lucas,
president; Noble Bennett of Oklahoma
City, vice-president; and J. D. Flem-
ing of Oklahoma City, secretary-treas-
urer. Directors of the Foundation in-
clude Bennett of the Oklahoma Cooper-
ative Association; G. N. Irish of Mus-
kogee, representing ginners; H. A.
Sparkman of Anadarko, representing
cotton compresses of Oklahoma; E. E.
Huff of Chickasha representing Okla-
homa cotton producers; Dent Smith of
Frederick representing cotton mer-
chants; and Lucas of the cottonseed
Albert L. Long, Dallas,
Honored by Bankers
Albert L. Long, vice-president of the
Republic National Bank in Dallas and
widely known in the cotton industry,
has been elected vice-president of the
Bankers’ Association for Foreign Trade.
Long had much experience in cotton
financing at Memphis and joined Re-
public in 1947. He is now vice-president
in charge of the bank’s foreign and
For several years, Long has been a
member of the advisory committee to the
Department of Agriculture on the cot-
ton loan program. He is chairman of
the insurance committee of the Texas
Cotton Association, and is a member of
the Statewide Cotton Committee.
The BAFT is a professional associa-
tion for bankers whose specialty lies in
the field of foreign banking and inter-
national trade transactions.
Plains Cooperative Mill
Adding Refinery Unit
A new refining unit is being added
to the facilities of Plains Cooperative
Oil Mill at Lubbock. Estimated to cost
$150,000, the unit will produce once-re-
“This is a move to help broaden the
market for our oil,” explained Wilmer
Smith, mill president. “More people are
in the market for once-refined oil than
for the crude product, so we are increas-
ing the number of our potential custom-
ers,” he pointed out.
“The fact that our oil can be stored
for long periods of time will also give
us a sales advantage.”
Gin Gets New Equipment
Grassland, Texas, Cooperative Gin is
rebuilding its power plant and modern-
izing its equipment. Odis Tew is man-
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PREss
Enjoy a ~. TRY IT—FREE
steady = 1 hip. 2-Speed
(FLV ouPLE) ACE GIN BLOWER
To prove that the ACE Gin Blower
Cleans faster and better
« feed mill / oe ae fire saan
hy revents overheating
<equipment Saves time and labor
Plan now to cash in We will send one for FREE TRIAL.
on the increased im- _ - é
portance of grain. Write for details. No obligation.
Write today for our
complete line catalog.
The Ace Co.
The Duplex Mill & Manufacturing Co. 114 W. Washington St., Ocala, Fla.
Dept. CG, Springfield, Ohio
MODERN STEEL STORAGE
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e SOY BEANS
Designed, Fabricated and Erected
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MUSKOGEE IRON WORKS
*K the best in screw presses and solvent extraction
systems and accessory oil milling equipment...
THE FRENCH OIL MILL MACHINERY CO., PIQUA, OHIO
JUNE 2, 1956 49
2 National Favorites!
America’s choice for salads . .
Stir-N-Roll pastry, biscuits,
Chiffon cakes, frying and
No other shortening at any
price is so creamy, so diges-
tible ond so light.
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NEW YORK—NEW ORLEANS—SAVANNAH—SAN FRANCISCO — HOUSTON — CHICAGO
THE Ginest TELESCOPE EVER BUILT!
Last season we were un-
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We have a large supply
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time. But materials are
Better place your order
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Runs on track—un-
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trailers without mov-
Easy to Operate
Bronze Oil-Lite Bear-
A Real Labor Saver
The STACY COMPANY, Inc.
2704 TAYLOR ST. DALLAS 1, TEXAS
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Our service trucks, fully equipped, and manned by FACTORY-TRAINED
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"Largest exclusive manufacturer of gin saws in America”
COTTON BELT GIN SERVICE, Inc.
500 South Haskell DALLAS 123), TEXAS TAylor 0389
JUNE 2, 1956
laugh it of f
A man was in court, charged with
having cut another man to pieces. The
defendant on being asked by the judge
to give his side of the story, said:
“Your Honor, I did not cut him to
pieces. I only stuck my knife in him
once, then walked around him.”
Two spinsters sat on a porch knit-
ting when a hen came tearing around
the corner, with a rooster not too far
behind. Around and around they
whirled, Finally, the hen, still doing
well over the speed limit, ran into the
path of a passing car. Observed one of
the female spectators, “See, she’d rath-
The stinger of a bee is about one-
thirty-second of an inch long. The other
foot and a half is imagination.
“What is the difference between a
girl and a traffic cop?”
“When a cop says ‘stop,’ he means it.”
“I’m sorry, sir,” said the telephone
operator, “but that number has been
“Oh, is that so?” came the man’s voice
indignantly. “Well, can you give me any
information as to just who has taken her
Girl: “I’ll never go out with a ven-
Mother: “Why not, dear?”
Girl: “Last night he sat me on his
knee and you should have heard the
things he made me say.”
On the outdoor bulletin board of his
church a sensational minister announced
this sermon subject: “Do you know what
hell is?” Just below was printed, “Come
hear our choir.”
“What’s that crawling on the wall?”
“Gad, what eyesight!”
World’s most glaringly prominent ob-
ject: A blonde’s hair on the coat lapel
of a dark suit observed by a brunette
Daughter — Daddy, I heard Auntie
say that women have cleaner minds
Daddy—tThat’s probably because they
change them more often.
& & e
Sooner or later the bride that uses
face powder to get her man finds that it
takes baking powder to keep him.
A man is never so weak as when a
pretty girl is telling him how strong
Patient: “Five dollars is an awful lot
of money for pulling a tooth — two
Dentist: “Well, If you wish, I can pull
it very slowly.”
A sense of humor is what makes
you laugh at something that happens
to somebody else which would make you
angry if it happened to you.
Salesman: “You make a small deposit,
then you pay no more for six months.”
Lady at the door: “Who told you about
THE COTTON GIN AND OIL MILL PRESS
Again, Moss-Gordin is first to bring you the latest improvement in lint clean-
ing efficiency. After two years of exhaustive field tests, Moss-Gordin
developed the WRAPPED WIRE SAW for use in all 1956 Moss Lint
This new saw, with its scientifically designed tooth, is accurately balanced
for for improved performance. Moss Lint Cleaners comb as they clean as they
bloom ... providing uniform staple length, improving color and raising
details cotton a full grade or more.
If you are interested in increasing volume and making more profit we recom-
mend a Moss Lint Cleaner for your gin, whatever size or type. A Moss Lint
now Cleaner, with its advanced features and outstanding results, will keep you
ahead of competition.
Sewitce after the sale is standard equipment.
3116 Main Street
Third Street & Ave. O
ET) -) 1-14 ou a-t)
LINT CLEANER CO. | 13225 00 2000
| Memphis, Tennessee
AUTOMATIC SUCTION CONTROL
SIN FILLS—Suction “OFT
Easy Installation... Fully Tested
As An Overflow Pen
BIN EMPTIES—Suction “ON”
Ginner selects constant rate
of steady feed .. . automatic-
ally maintained .. . to give ex-
traction, cleaning, drying and
ginning equipment proper
supply of cotton for most ef-
RATE OF FEED CONTROI
HYDRAULIC VARIABLE SPEED UNIT
No Slugging Or Starving AIR PICK-UP TO CLEANER
Manufacturers of Complete Cotton Ginning Systems SHERMAN, TEXAS
Precision x Strength « Superiority
This new improved Heavy Duty Tramper is
extra heavy steel and alloy iron construction,
precision machined at all wear surfaces,
making the strongest, heaviest and most
precision-built Tramper developed for the
Ginning Industry, weighing approximately
“ ; —
ae Se a) Mee ie
=~ ‘ Leie,
Gear Set has continuous Load Rating of 35
horsepower and intermittent Load Rating of
70 horsepower. More than Three times the
strength necessary for Load requirements.
An extra duty Tramper for users who want
For further information, write for Bulletin No. 68.
THE MURRAY COMPANY or TEXAS,
DALLAS ° ATLANTA * MEMPHIS ’ FRESNO