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A BZ Media Publication 


The Industry Newspaper for Software Development Managers 



Eight years, 
and still counting 

Our retrospective on an industry 
page 20 


JUNE 15 r 2008 • ISSUE NO. 200 • $9.95 

Ballmer Bot upstages Gates at TechEd 

Outgoing Microsoft chairman delivers farewell speech 


ORLANDO, Fla. — It was Bill 
Gates' last keynote as chairman 
of Microsoft, but that wasn't at 
all obvious: He stayed on mes- 
sage to the end, though a joke at 
the expense of company CEO 
Steve Ballmer did elicit a grin 
from behind the tycoon's leg- 
endary shell. 

Ballmer Bot, a robot built by 
University of Massachusetts 
Amherst students using the 
Microsoft Robotics Toolkit, also 
made a cameo on stage, drawing 
a wide smile from Gates, who is 
stepping down as chairman at 
the end of the month. 

In his farewell address June 3, 
Bill Gates looked at the future as 
well as the past, announcing a Go 
Live edition of Silverlight 2, a 
new data caching technology and 

Bill Gates remains in control, for now, as he demos Ballmer Bot at TechEd. 

a partnership with IBM. The 
audience at the TechEd Devel- 
opers conference responded 
with muted applause but was 
otherwise silent. 

Silverlight 2 beta 2 was 
released with a Go Live 
license — permitting customers 
to use the prerelease software in 
production — shortly after the 

keynote had ended. The second 
beta of the Silverlight 2 tools for 
Visual Studio 2008 was released 
at the same time. 

The beta's feature set is com- 
plete, said Jonathan Perera, gen- 
eral manager of Microsoft's 
Application Platform division, in 
an interview with SD Times. 
However, he could not confirm 
whether Microsoft had ad- 
dressed developers' complaints 
by expanding its isolated storage 
or by adding support for using 
HTML and Silverlight within the 
same application. 

In addition, Gates announced 
several data-oriented products: 
the first Community Technology 
Preview (CTP) of Velocity, a dis- 
tributed in-memory application 
cache platform, and a CTP of the 
continued on page 3 ► 

Adobe gets Flash-y in Acrobat 9 


...but will EE 6 be 
easier to digest? 


For the first time, Acrobat will 
offer native support for Flash 
technology, when Adobe Systems 
releases Acrobat 9 next month. 

The software also will include 
PDF Portfolios, which brings 
together a variety of content 
sources — video, photos, calen- 
dars, text, 3D images and spread- 
sheets — into a compressed PDF 
file that people working on a 
project can share. 

PDF Portfolios relieves the 
"pain in the neck" of having to 
juggle disparate documents and 
file types in a project, said Mari- 

on Melani, group product mar- 
keting manager for Adobe. 

"You can attach one PDF file 
to an e-mail, and once you open 
that PDF, all the various content 
types, documents or images, or 
video . . . can be contained within 
that one PDF Portfolio docu- 
ment," Melani said. 

The company plans three ver- 
sions of Acrobat 9, with prices 
ranging from US$299 for the 
standard edition up to $699 for 
the ProExtended version. The 
latter supports more extensive 
document validation against ISO 
standards, addition of audio and 

video documents, and interoper- 
ability with computer-aided de- 
sign software. 

Adobe will also launch Acro-, a free site that lets col- 
laborators in different locations 
change a document in real time. 
A beta version of the site is cur- 
rently operational. users will be able 
to view presentations on the site 
from within the free Adobe Read- 
er. "For people who consume that 
content, all it requires is Reader," 
said Michael Folkers, a product 
manager at Adobe. "It doesn't 
continued on page 10 ► 

Richer apps = greater revenue, 
explains Google VP Vic Gundotra. 



Sometimes, Google is bigger 
than even Google realizes. 

As in 2004, when it conserva- 
tively priced its initial public 
offering at US$28 a share, and is 
now nearing $600, the company 
may underestimate the outside's 
interest in its doings. More 
recently, Google initially limited 
signups for its App Engine devel- 
opment platform to 10,000, then 
saw its waiting list swell to 
150,000. And late last month, 
3,000 people showed up at the 
Google I/O developer confer- 
ence when the company expect- 
ed only 2,000, leaving hundreds 
in line and forcing organizers to 
let people in without registering 
so they wouldn't miss the 

"Google quietly changed 

everything," writes Silicon Valley 

journalist Sarah Lacy in her new 

continued on page 22 ► 


Business analysts struggle to reinvent role 5 

Yahoo hopes application writers go ape over tools 8 

Office 2007 won't support ISO's OOXML format 12 

Unit testing never took off, Agitar CEO laments 14 

Skytap tests 'virtual lab' service 15 

Third-party vendors make big splash at JavaOne 16 


Are we suckers 

for research? 

page 35 

O'BRIEN: Drag .NET 34 

BINSTOCK: Rx for unit testing: Use with moderation . .37 
LINTHICUM: Are mashups SOA? 37 


■ I 1 


Software Development Times . June 15, 2008 


No sweeping changes 
expected in Windows 7 


The Windows 7 marketing blitz 
has begun. Breaking their 
silence, Microsoft officials have 
revealed that there will be mini- 
mal deviation from the applica- 
tion compatibility, kernel and 
hardware requirements of Vista. 

Outgoing chairman Bill 
Gates even showed off an early 
version of Windows 7 — focus- 
ing on its touch-screen capabil- 
ities—on May 27 at The Wall 
Street Journal's D: All Things 
Digital conference in Carlsbad, 
Calif., during an interview ses- 
sion with CEO Steve Ballmer. 

Applications and devices 

that work with Vista are gener- 
ally expected to work with 
Windows 7, Chris Flores, a 
director at Microsoft's Win- 
dows Client Communications 
Team, noted the same day in 
the Windows Vista Team Blog 
( . 

"Contrary to some specula- 
tion, Microsoft is not creating a 
new kernel for Windows 7," he 
wrote. "Rather, we are refining 
the kernel architecture and 
componentization model intro- 
duced in Windows Vista. While 
these changes will increase our 
engineering agility, they will not 
impact the user experience or 

reduce application or hardware 

Even though it is slated for 
release in 2010, Windows 7 will 
run on the same recommended 
hardware as is specified for 
Vista, Flores said. 

Microsoft's decision to refine 
rather than rebuild the under- 
pinnings of Windows marks an 
about-face. In October, Micro- 
soft distinguished engineer Eric 
Traut discussed "MinWin," a 
project to address Windows' 
dependence on legacy DLLs 
and libraries when executing 
older applications, during a talk 
at the University of Illinois. Traut 

Bill Gates, Steve Ballmer and Windows 7 all appeared at digital conference. 

said that MinWin, a stripped- 
down version of the Windows 
kernel with other core compo- 
nents, would be the foundation 
of Windows 7 and other releases 
of Windows going forward. 

However, after months of 
anticipating big changes for 

Windows, Steven Sinofsky, 
senior vice president of the 
Windows and Windows Live 
Engineering Group at Mi- 
crosoft, said that MinWin 
would not be a part of Windows 
7 after all, during a Q&A with published May 27. I 


< continued from page 1 

Microsoft Sync Framework for 
Windows Mobile. 

Velocity brings caching to the 
masses by leveraging skill sets 
and represents Microsoft's base- 
line approach to working with 
event- and session-based data in 
ASP.NET, IIS and the .NET 
Framework, Perera said. 

What's more, the company is 
working with IBM to allow Visu- 
al Studio Team System Database 
Edition to work with DB2 data- 
bases. IBM is building a data- 
base schema provider for Visual 
Studio 2008 and will release a 
CTP this year, said Perera. 

On another front, Microsoft 
remained tight-lipped about 
Oslo, the company's foray into 
model-driven development 
that will be a multiyear, multi- 
product effort to develop com- 
posite application technology. 

Gates said that the Oslo pro- 
ject has ongoing movement, 

Perera didn't say if Silverlight 2, 
beta 2, addressed concerns. 

noting it will include visual 
modeling and composition 
tools; a foundational repository 
for managing application meta- 
data; and a new, declarative 
modeling language, called 
"Microsoft D," to enable 
domain-specific modeling 

notations and interoperability 
of models between tools. 

Gates, in his speech, noted 
that Microsoft would release 
CTPs of Oslo components at 
Microsoft's Professional Devel- 
opers Conference in October. 

In this milestone speech, 
Gates was joined on stage by 
other Microsoft executives, 
including technical fellows 
David Campbell and Brian 
Harry and senior vice president 
S. Somasegar. Gates reflected 
on how software development 
has evolved during his 33-year 
tenure at the helm of Microsoft, 
and he outlined the road ahead. 

Gates also hearkened back 
to his days as a software devel- 
oper — a pursuit that he says 
remains close to his heart and 
guides his decisions as he lays 
out a new path for Windows 
and .NET developers to follow. 

"When I think back on the 
early days of development 
when we were all programming 
in DOS, and then take a look at 
what we can do now with tech- 
nologies like the .NET Frame- 
work, it simply amazes me how 
far we've come," Gates said. 

At the keynote's conclusion, 
the crowd applauded politely as 
Gates walked off the stage 
without ceremony. I 

Free grid control aims at Silverlight 


Anticipating a summer release of 
Microsoft Silverlight 2, a compo- 
nent maker aims to demonstrate 
that Silverlight is a precocious 
platform for developers. 

Developer Express an- 
nounced a preview of its DX 
Grid control for Silverlight 2 
on May 27. The control was 
expected to be released on 
June 3 to coincide with 
Microsoft's TechEd 2008 
developer's conference and is 
available free. 

"We want to get our name 
out to show we do advanced 
controls for Silverlight," said 
DevExpress CTO Julian Buck- 
nail. "We want to make a splash 
at TechEd." 

DevExpress's release of DX 
Grid coincides with Microsoft's 
delivery of the second beta of 
Silverlight 2, also on June 3. 

The Silverlight 2 control is 
based on DevExpress's grid 
control for Windows Presenta- 
tion Foundation (WPF) and 
reuses WPF code, said Buck- 
nail. Its full feature set is 
detailed on the DevExpress 
Web site, and it provides func- 
tionality akin to its WPF coun- 

Silverlight 2, due in August, 
includes a subset of the .NET 
Framework's Common Lan- 
guage Runtime called Core- 
CLR. It will offer cross- 
domain network access and a 
WPF-derived UI framework, 
with .NET base class library 

Silverlight 2 lacks advanced 
WPF capabilities such as 3D 
graphics and native Panels, a 
category of elements used in 
WPF to arrange a collection of 
child elements (known as 

UIElements) into their proper 
sizes and positions for layout. 

DevExpress has filled the 
gap, Bucknall said, by already 
having written its own panels 
and lower-level infrastructure 
code for WPF, which it was able 
to recast easily for Silverlight. 

In addition, Silverlight 2 will 
ship with two dozen or more UI 
controls, a factor that may have 
influenced DevExpress's li- 
censing scheme. 

"Silverlight has a data grid 
that is fairly usable; I won't 
deny it," Bucknall said. 

He explained that DevEx- 
press will try to differentiate 
itself from Microsoft's stock 
control by emphasizing the "big 
differences," such as how DX 
Grid is designed to work with 
large data sets and provides 
analysis options to filter, group 
and sort records. I 

TechExcel adds requirements to DevSuite 


It's difficult to claim leadership 
among providers of application 
life-cycle management tools 
when one's flagship product 
lacked the ability to track the 
requirements for the software, 
but TechExcel has fixed that. 

The company has released 
the latest version of DevSuite, 
with the DevSpec require- 
ments management tool joining 
the lineup of ALM tools that 
already included DevPlan for 
project planning; DevTest for 
Q/A and regression testing; 

DevTrack for issue tracking; 
and Knowledge Wise, a central- 
ized repository with knowledge 
management capabilities. 

DevSpec "is the final piece of 
the puzzle," making DevSuite 
7.0 "the first truly scalable and 
agile implementation platform," 
said TechExcel CEO and 
founder Tieren Zhou. By 
embracing agile methods, he 
added, customers, developers 
and other interested parties can 
introduce software requirements 
earlier in the development cycle, 
"when they're needed most." 

DevSpec does more than list 
the current set of require- 
ments; it can manage versions 
of requirements, because 
requirements can go through 
several iterations. 

DevSuite 7.0 also offers a 
library of preconfigured solu- 
tion guides for a range of soft- 
ware development methodolo- 
gies, including Capability 
Maturity Model Integration, as 
well as feature-driven develop- 
ment, iterative development, 
Scrum and SpecDD, or specifi- 
cation-driven development. I 



Alternative thinking is "Pre." Precaution, Preparation. Prevention. 
Predestined to send the competition home quivering, 

ft's proactiveEy designing a way to ensure higher quality Jnyour 
op plications to help you reach your business goals. 

It's understanding and locking down requirements ahead of 
time — because "Well, I guess v^e should W fust doesn't cut it, 

ft's quality management software designed to remove the 

uncertainties and perils of deployments ond upgrades, leaving 
you free to come up with the next big thing. 

Technology for better business outcomes. 

Software Development Times . June 15, 2008 


Business analysts struggle to reinvent role 

Meld strategic outlook, broader business and tech expertise 


Of all the roles associated with 
developing software, perhaps 
none needs a makeover as badly 
as the business analyst. Intended 
as a pivotal position that trans- 
lates business needs to software 
requirements, the role varies 
widely across organizations. 

Often saddled with negative 
stereotypes, the job doesn't 
command the respect it 
deserves. "It's the guy in IT who 
can't program, who sits and 
shuffles the requirements," said 
Gartner analyst Jim Duggan. Or 
it's "the guy in business who 
couldn't quite make it in busi- 
ness," added Mitch Bishop, 
chief marketing officer for 
iRise, which sells software to 
visualize applications before 
they are built. Traditionally, the 
job has been seen as "something 
you fall into, versus something 
you really want to do," he said. 

Now, however, a host of fac- 
tors is coming together to 
change that. As a result, the 
analyst is playing a more strate- 
gic role, one leading the effort 
of "producing the software the 
business needs," said one ana- 
lyst, Voke founder Theresa 
Lanowitz. To bring the profes- 
sion the uniformity it has 

lacked, a not-for-profit associa- 
tion called the International 
Institute of Business Analysis 
(IIBA) has articulated a set of 
best practices for analysts and is 
expected to publish version 2.0 
of such practices in September 
(see story below). 

In addition, the IIBA runs a 
program to certify candidates 
who demonstrate expertise in 
business analysis. Other signs of 
growing activity around the 
profession include the launch 
earlier this year of Require- 
ments. net, an industry consor- 
tium for business analysis, and 
the growth of an emerging cat- 
egory of tools designed to help 
elicit and define requirements, 
not just manage them as part of 
the development life cycle. 

Such efforts may help legit- 
imize business analysis as a 
profession. But whether they 
will actually help companies 
develop and hire more effec- 
tive business analysts — 
enabling them to produce soft- 
ware that helps the business 
succeed — remains to be seen. 
That's largely because the new 
definition of analyst requires 
more business knowledge and 
technology expertise than 
most business analysts possess, 

according to experts inter- 
viewed by SD Times. And the 
job also requires, as it always 
has, soft skills. Those include 
the ability to elicit information 
effectively and facilitate dis- 
cussions between parties who 


The new analyst "is a person 
who can do everything," said 
Microsoft director of marketing 
for Visual Studio Team System 
Norm Guadagno. 

Chief among those skills is 
the ability to think strategically, 
instead of simply translating 
business needs to technical 
requirements. "BAs have tradi- 
tionally been task-oriented, but 
business analysis is about the 
big picture," said IIBA presi- 
dent Kathleen Barret. "The new 
business analyst is more strate- 
gic, and those who [remain 
focused on only the] tactical 
aspects aren't qualified." 

The business analyst has long 
bridged business and IT, and 
the newly defined role raises the 
bar, demanding a deeper under- 
standing of both, said Forrester 
analyst Carey Schwaber, author 
of the April report titled, "The 
New Business Analyst." For 


A set of standard practices used by business analysts, Business Analysis Body of Knowledge (BABOK) was 
developed by the International Institute of Business Analysis (NBA), a nonprofit professional association 
founded in 2004. Neither a methodology nor a how-to manual, BABOK spells out the types of activities 
in which business analysts engage to execute their jobs. In September, the IIBA plans to release BABOK 
2.0. Unlike the previous version, 1.6, the forthcoming version is less IT-focused and doesn't cite specific 
technologies, such as the Unified Modeling Language, for various phases of business analysis, said IIBA 
president Kathleen Barret. Six practice areas comprise BABOK 2.0, which Barret described: 

Enterprise Analysis. This is about understand- 
ing the big picture for application development 
projects. Key activities include defining project 
goals, establishing measurement criteria and 
developing business cases and feasibility studies. 

Business Analysis Planning. The focus is on 
things that need to get done. How does the work 
break down? Who are the key stakeholders? With 
whom will you speak? About what, and when? 

Requirements Management. Conflicts, issues 
and changes are managed to ensure stakehold- 
ers remain in sync on the scope of the project. A 
key piece is continual feedback on work sessions, 
for example. 

Requirements Analysis. This is a science. You 
sort the information that has been elicited, clas- 
sify it, structure it and model it-using the tools 
of your choice. 

Elicitation. This is essentially an art that 
employs different technigues to draw out infor- 
mation on what the application needs to do. 
Brainstorming-essentially a group session at 
which members are asked, "What would you 
want if you could have everything?"-is just one 
example. Other elicitation technigues would 
include customer surveys, interviews with exec- 
utives and formal reguirements sessions, where 
stakeholders might map out the process for 
capturing customer information. A critical piece 
is making sure that a wide range of people, all 
with different interests in the application, is 

Solution Assessment and Validation. The focus 
is on understanding the impact of the project on 
the organization by conducting, for instance, 
user assessment testing. BAs typically play a 
supporting role. I —Jennifer deJong 


Most analysts are experts in one line of business or in IT. But Forrester 
predicts that a new breed with a deep knowledge of both will emerge. 

Business-oriented business analysts 

► Cross-functional 

> Functional 

• Financial 

• Human resources 

• Marketing 

• Other functions: sales, operations, etc. 

example, such a person must 
understand the real return-on- 
investment for a project, she 
said. That requires the ability to 
draw meaningful conclusions 
from financial data. Also crucial 
is working with sophisticated 
tools, like business process man- 
agement software and business 
rules engines, which let users 
input crucial data about busi- 
ness activities without IT's help. 

"It's more technical than 
what most analysts do today, 
and it's also more business-ori- 
ented," she said of the new def- 
inition of business analyst. 

One obstacle that can 
emerge early in the analysis 
process is gaining access to 
high-level business informa- 
tion. The new type of analyst 
needs to know, for example, 
whether a company plans to 
grow by acquisition, said IBM 
director of offerings manage- 
ment Ashok Reddy "Who owns 
the business decisions about 
the company? What are the pri- 
orities?" Traditionally, business 
analysts haven't been privy to 
such information, he said. 
Instead, they are granted access 
only to "low-level people, low- 
level documents." 

How does a professional pur- 
suing the path of new-style busi- 
ness analysis gain access to the 
big-picture plans? In a sense, 
you have to talk your way in, said 
Microsoft's Guadagno. "The 
analyst needs to articulate clear, 
concise arguments to business 
on what IT can do." That's diffi- 
cult but not impossible, he said. 
"The business has high expecta- 
tions from [technology]." Tap- 
ping into those expectations and 
taking a leadership role can 
open the door, he said. 

Successful analysts also 
need soft skills, such as the 
ability to elicit crucial informa- 

IT-oriented business analysts 

• Generalist 

• Information 

• Process 

• Experience 

Source: Forrester Research, 

tion that helps define applica- 
tion requirements and to facili- 
tate difficult discussions, said 
the IIBA's Barret. "These are 
the traits that make for a good 
business analyst." 

Those are much the same 
skills required of product man- 
agers, who have long served as 
the bridge between engineer- 
ing and marketing, said Voke's 
Lanowitz. "The business analyst 
title sticks, but the roles and 
responsibilities are those of a 
product manager." 


These days, business analysts go 
by a host of titles, including sys- 
tems analyst, business architect, 
project manager or simply "ana- 
lyst," experts said. But, basical- 
ly, professionals practicing 
today come from one of two 
camps: analysts originating 
from the business side and 
those from IT, said Forrester's 
Schwaber (see above). 

"Business experts typically 
have deep knowledge around 
one particular business process 
and application, such as enter- 
prise resource planning," noted 
Compuware product manager 
continued on page 6 ► 

Schwaber: Analysts must be 
conversant in ROI and software. 



. Software Development Times . June 15, 2008 . 

HP tackles biggest risks 
in app security for SaaS 


Hewlett-Packard's acquisition last year 
of application security specialist SPI 
Dynamics is bearing new fruit, as well as 
a service-based offering that will debut 
this summer. 

The company last month announced 
three major updates to the HP Applica- 
tion Security Center, based on SPI's for- 
mer product line. They are designed to 
help organizations prevent, detect and 
repair security vulnerabilities in their 
Web applications. All are available now. 

The idea, company officials noted, is 
to help developers assume their fair 
share of the responsibility. One study 
released in May from research firm Van- 
son Bourne indicates that as many as 
80% of organizations task security and 
operations teams with remediation of 
application vulnerabilities; less than 27% 
saddle development or QA teams with 
some portion of the work. 

The Assessment Management Plat- 
form remains the foundation of the HP 
security center in this release, with 
Devlnspect picking up the ability to work 
with Microsoft's latest IDE release and 
Visual Studio 2008. It also allows updated 

hybrid analysis that the company claims 
leads to a "clear path" for developers who 
are rooting out faults, by focusing on the 
highest-risk and most commonly found 

QAInspect integrates its defect man- 
agement features, including defect stag- 
ing, highlighting and consolidation, with 
the tools of HP Quality Center. Mean- 
while, Weblnspect now offers faster 
runtimes, according to company offi- 
cials, who added that the focus here is 
also on the most frequently used attack 
vectors, including cross-site scripting 
and SQL injection. 

HP, recognizing that some organiza- 
tions might not wish to maintain all of 
the technology of a complex vulnerabili- 
ty detection platform, also announced 
on May 27 that it expected to make the 
Assessment Management Platform 
available through its HP SaaS services 
organization in August. 

"Now customers can get up and run- 
ning quickly and involve all the right 
teams to minimize this risk," said HP 
Software's vice president of products, 
Jonathan Rende, in the company's 
announcement. I 


Sherry Preston knows a thing or two about what 
it takes to be a good business analyst. Last year, 
she hired 11 of them, expanding her team to 15. 
"We wanted clinical people with an IT interest," 
said the manager of electronic medical records 
for The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Can- 
cer Center in Houston. 

Preston spearheads development of the 
center's records application, which was devel- 
oped in-house. Used by doctors, nurses, medical 
technicians, and other caregivers and adminis- 
trators, the system is central to how the center 
delivers care to the 79,000 cancer patients it 
expects to treat this year. 

"People applied from oil and gas and from 
banking," she said of the 11 analyst openings. 
"They were well established and impressive but 
had no clinical experience." 

Instead, Preston built her team by hiring 
nurses, medical technicians and professionals 
who had transcribed medical records. "We need- 
ed people who could elicit, analyze and do docu- 
ment reguirements," she said. So Preston sought 
"left-brained thinkers," who are verbal and 
adept at processing information sequentially. 

"We figured we could teach them how to 
write use cases, how to work UML tools," she 
said, referring to the Unified Modeling Lan- 
guage. What about the challenge of getting the 
team up to speed on the technical stuff? "It's 
going better than I anticipated. The group is 
doing well," Preston said. I 

— Jennifer deJong 


< continued from page 5 

Mark Eshelby. But they often lack 
broader knowledge about the business 
in general or about business processes 
outside their domain, he added. They 
are experts at optimizing a single func- 
tion, like sales, marketing, human 
resources or operations, agreed 

"IT analysts are generalists," 
Schwaber said. They rely heavily on sub- 
ject matter experts to help them under- 
stand the business needs, said Matt 
Morgan, chief marketing officer for 
BluePrint, which sells software to help 
analysts elicit and define requirements. 
"[The IT] BA shows up at the meeting 
and says: T'm confused. Help me with 
the quote-to-cash process,' and subject 
matter experts provide the information." 

Eventually, the two breeds could be 
replaced by the newly evolved business 
analyst, armed with a deep knowledge of 
the business and IT, said Schwaber. But 
that is a tall order, and the coming year 
will bring a lot of experimentation 
around the role, she said. The title "busi- 
ness analyst" doesn't do justice to the 
skills required. "It doesn't say enough 
about how challenging the role really is." 
A more apt title would be "business tech- 
nology analyst," she said. I 

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. Software Development Times . June 15, 2008 . 

Yahoo hopes application writers go ape over tools 


Yahoo may be facing questions 
of ownership, but that doesn't 
mean the company's workers 
are monkeying around. 

Yahoo launched SearchMon- 
key on May 15 at a party in its 
offices in Sunnyvale, Calif. It is 
the company's latest attempt to 
drive traffic to its search engine 
by providing free development 
tools for Web 2.0 applications. 

SearchMonkey, introduced at 
April's Web 2.0 Expo in San 
Francisco, invites developers to 
visit the Yahoo Developer Net- 
work site and use its tools to cre- 
ate applications that would pull 
structured data from a site to dis- 
play in the search results. 

During a kickoff event for 
about 300 Yahoo employees and 
outside developers, Yahoo devel- 
oper Paul Tarjan demonstrated 
SearchMonkey. Using the exam- 
ple of a restaurant, Tarjan noted 
that in typical search results, 
there are a number of links relat- 
ed to those results, and a few lines 
of text after each link, that appear 
on the results page. In contrast, 
he showed how a SearchMonkey 

application could pull informa- 
tion from the restaurant Web site 
such as a photo of the restaurant 
or a featured dish, as well as the 
address and the phone number, 
and add them to the search 
results. The application could 
also be written to simultaneously 
pull data from, a user- 
based ratings site, with that 
restaurant's star rating. 

"These applications are 
smart enough to understand 
where the structured data exists 
on the Web site and be able to 
pull it up quickly in the search 
results," said Amit Kumar, 
director of product manage- 
ment for Yahoo Web Search. 

SearchMonkey applications 
can be written in PHP, some- 
times with help from XSLT (Ex- 
tensible Stylesheet Language 
Transformations), and are hosted 
free on Yahoo's servers, said Ku- 
mar. Also, developers can host a 
SearchMonkey application on 
their own site and use a wrapper 
to have it run on Yahoo Search. is al- 
ready using SearchMonkey to 
enhance its presence in Yahoo's 

Jason Hoch (center) of demos search results apps 
developed using SearchMonkey at last month's launch party. 

search results, said Jason Hoch, 
vice president of product man- 
agement. HowStuffWbrks is an 
online encyclopedia, containing 
articles on science, automobiles, 
food, computers and just about 
everything else (one recent top- 
ic: "How Barack Obama 
Works"). The site is a wholly 
owned subsidiary of Discovery 
Communications, parent of the 
Discovery Channel and other 
cable TV networks. With 
SearchMonkey, HowStuffWorks 
can incorporate Discovery 

Channel's video content into the 
results of a search, said Hoch. 

"We write well, we do con- 
tent well, we do video well and 
now we can bring in that video 
to search," Hoch explained. 

Yahoo has struggled recently 
to stay competitive with search 
leader Google while fending off 
a takeover bid from Microsoft. 
Although Microsoft dropped its 
plans to acquire Yahoo on May 
3, billionaire investor Carl 
Icahn launched his own cam- 
paign to replace Yahoo's board 

in an effort to get the company 
to sell itself to Microsoft. 

Yahoo Search lost ground to 
Google again in April, according 
to search rankings released by 
Nielsen Online on May 19. 
Google's share of the online 
search market in the U.S. rose to 
62%, compared with Yahoo's dis- 
tant No. 2 share of 17.5%. The 
total number of searches that 
used Google hit 5.1 billion in 
April, up 35.4% from April 2007, 
while Yahoo Search fell 3.4% in 
the same period, to 1.4 billion. 

SearchMonkey could im- 
prove Yahoo's search traffic if it 
makes it more compelling for 
users, said Jon Stewart, research 
director for Nielsen Online. 

"All search engines have to 
innovate because relevance is 
king," said Stewart. "It's a mat- 
ter of the search engines' capi- 
talizing on building the best 

Google laid a mousetrap that 
it calls universal search one year 
ago, Stewart explained, which 
brings together related videos, 
images, maps and Web sites 
continued on page 14 ► 

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. Software Development Times . June 15, 2008 . 

Earlier governance at core of Repository Manager 6.0 


A maker of automated SOA gov- 
ernance tools has updated its 
product to address what it views 
as the growing requirement for 
earlier governance of software 
assets in the SOA life cycle. 

On June 2, SOA Softwares 
Repository Manager 6.0 became 
generally available. The update 
has facilities for governing and 
managing services as they 
progress from the start of the 
service life cycle, designing gov- 

ernance processes, and now pro- 
viding federation with more 
third-party UDDI registries. 

To implement governance 
as early as possible in the ser- 
vice life cycle, Repository Man- 
ager now integrates with SOA 

Softwares Policy Manager (for- 
merly Workbench) to provision 
service and schema definitions 
that are under development. 

The repository tools now ship 
with an Eclipse plug-in named 
Configuration Designer. The 

Windows Installer 
without Rocket Science 

{ InstallAware 

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HTML/Flash interactive billboards. 
Partial Web Deployment, Dne^Clfck 
patching and more... 

plug-in permits users to graphi- 
cally design governance process- 
es for deployment to Repository 
Manager installations. 

Configuration Designer is a 
single point of control from 
which users can govern and 
manage services as they progress 
from development to deploy- 
ment. Users can also provide 
feedback at critical checkpoints 
in the life cycle, said Brent Carl- 
son, senior vice president of 
technology at SOA Software. 

Interoperability with other 
SOA infrastructure software 
has been extended. Repository 
Manager's Asset Import Man- 
ager supports discovery and 
synchronization with IBM's 
WSRR and UDDI registries, as 
well as HP's SOA Systinet. 

Additionally, it automatically 
populates Web service docu- 
ments and metadata to Tibco's 
Active Matrix Registry. 

"The overarching theme [of 
this release] is end-to-end gov- 
ernance. It provides a coherent, 
consistent governance process 
model that federates across 
platforms," said Carlson. I 


< continued from page 1 

require any external player 
application [to view any] video, 
3-D content and interactive 
Flash content. It really only 
requires Reader to consume." also gives users 
free access to Buzzword, an 
online collaborative word 
processor, and ConnectNow, a 
service for hosting meetings, 
said Rick Treitman, entrepre- 
neur-in-residence at Adobe. 
Treitman is also a former CEO 
of Virtual Ubiquity, which 
Adobe acquired in December 
2007, primarily for its Buzzword 


As many as three people can 
host an online meeting free on 
ConnectNow, where they can 
share screens and a virtual 
whiteboard while uploading 
and downloading files and 
viewing one another on Web- 
cams, Treitman said. 

An Acrobat 9 SDK will be 
released by year's end, though a 
beta version is already being 
shared with Adobe partners, 
Folkers said. I 

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. Software Development Times . June 15, 2008 . 

Office 2007 won't support ISO's OOXML document format 


For customers expecting an 
ISO-conformant Office Open 
XML (OOXML) in Microsoft 
Office, the wait will continue: 
Microsoft will not implement 
the standardized version of its 
own document format until 
Office 14 ships. Meanwhile, a 
service pack due in 2009 is 
expected to expand the for- 
mats supported by Office 

On May 23, Microsoft said 
it was making new commit- 
ments to document interoper- 
ability within its Office prod- 
uct line for Windows. Office 
2007 Service Pack 2 will add 
native support for OpenDocu- 
ment Format (ODF) 1.1, PDF 
1.5, PDF/A and XML Paper 
Specification, an XML-based 
fixed-document format created 
by Microsoft. 

Microsoft did not say in the 
announcement whether the 
Macintosh editions of Office 
would support any additional 
document formats. Office 
2004 for Mac still lacks a full 
implementation of the Ecma 

376 version of OOXML that 
Microsoft introduced with 
Office 2007. 

In a surprise move, the 
company also announced that 
it intends to participate in the 
OASIS ODF working group 
and the corresponding ISO/ 
IEC Joint Technical Commit- 
tee 1 Subcommittee 34 work- 
ing groups for ODF, as well as 
the ISO Technical Committee 
171 working group for PDF, 
said Doug Mahugh, senior 
product manager for Microsoft 

He added that Microsoft 
would also introduce an API to 
let developers plug their own 
converters for formats, such as 
ODF, into Office to make it the 
default conversion path. ODF 
1.1 was chosen over the ISO- 
standard ODF 1.0 as a practical 
decision based on interoper- 
ability with existing implemen- 
tations, Mahugh explained. 

"It's the de facto version," 
said Jason Matusow, senior 
director of interoperability at 
Microsoft. "We have to look at 
the development investments 

companies are making." 

Members of Microsoft's 
Interop Vendor Alliance, 
including Linspire, Novell, Tur- 
bolinux and Xandros, are work- 
ing with Microsoft on docu- 
ment interoperability, and Mi- 
crosoft sponsors a SourceForge 
project to the same end. 

"Interoperability and inte- 
gration are two of the most cru- 
cial components for any organi- 
zation's infrastructure," said 
Yankee Group research fellow 
Laura DiDio. She added that 
between 60% and 70% of 
Microsoft's customers use 
open-source software and that 
at least half employ productivi- 
ty software that saves docu- 
ments in the ODF format. 

"It should be all about the 
users," DiDio said. "A signifi- 
cant constituency of end users 
would need and want this sup- 
port. Not having it [ODF sup- 
port] adds to the perception 
Microsoft still remains closed." 

But DiDio did not put the 
onus on Microsoft alone. She 
said she believes that the open- 
source community is also 

Matusow: Look at companies' 
development investments. 

obliged to support Microsoft. 

As for Microsoft, the compa- 
ny is not quick to embrace its 
own creation. Mahugh said that 
the company would not imple- 
ment the final ISO version of 
OOXML until Office 14 ships. 
This variant of OOXML was des- 
ignated ISO/IEC 29500 at the 
time it was certified as an ISO 
International standard in April. 

"One way to look at it is the 
prioritization of formats," ex- 
plained Mahugh . "We reach a 

point in time where we have to 
decide whether to continue to 
invest in a previous version [of 
Office] or to cut the cord and 
move forward." 

ODF support was a priority 
for Microsoft, Mahugh noted, 
adding that "real world" cus- 
tomers say that there is a press- 
ing need for PDF support. "At 
this point, there are no prod- 
ucts using [ISO/IEC 29500] in 
the marketplace." 

Microsoft has yet to publicly 
discuss a timeline for Office 14, 
but one analyst believes that it 
can't come too soon. 

"Customers that are expect- 
ing true document fidelity from 
XML-based, ISO-standard doc- 
ument formats will continue to 
be disappointed," said Michael 
Silver, a Gartner Research vice 

Silver observed that the 
most compatible formats to use 
today are Microsoft's legacy 
binaries, and he thinks that 
Microsoft will be unlikely to 
persuade customers to move to 
OOXML in the foreseeable 
future. I 

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. Software Development Times . June 15, 2008 . 

Unit testing never took off, CEO laments 


Unit testing was the wrong 
horse to back, says the former 
CEO of a software test tool- 
maker that bet on a trend that 
failed to materialize. 

Jerry Rudisin, CEO of Agi- 

tar Software until April, said of 
unit testing: "The practice 
works, but it hasn't taken off as 
a mainstream practice. The 
founders [Roongko Doong and 
Alberto Savoia] made a sensible 
bet on [unit testing], but it did 

not pan out. We gave it our all." 
Agitar is best known for its 
AgitarOne Java unit testing 
suite and AgitarOne Agitator 
testing technology, which was 
designed to automatically gen- 
erate test cases and analyze the 

results. The company ceased 
operations this spring, and most 
of the staff was terminated. 

The founders' intention was 
to "do for software development 
what Google has done for Web 
services," by building a vast 

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ComponentOn© 1 

community of users and exploit- 
ing it through data mining, Rud- 
isin said. But the community 
never reached critical mass. 

Consequently Agitar s man- 
agement decided in March not 
to pursue additional venture 
financing, which prompted the 
board to wind down the compa- 
ny's operations, he explained. 


Then, Agitar retained the ser- 
vices of Sherwood Partners 
LLC to renegotiate the compa- 
ny's debt. Sherwood mailed a 
notice of assignment to Agitar s 
creditors on April 28. Sherwood 
also hired back some core 
employees to keep deals mov- 
ing forward, Rudisin said. 

But that might be too little, 
too late for Agitar to salvage its 
customers. Competitors, includ- 
ing Instantiations and Parasoft, 
are fishing for customers, baiting 
the hook with incentives for 
moving to their unit testing tools. 

For now, former Agitar cus- 
tomers can exchange a license of 
AgitarOne for a comparable 
Instantiations CodePro AnalytiX 
license for the cost of CodePro's 
annual maintenance. Likewise, 
Parasoft has launched the "Agi- 
tar Amnesty Program," encour- 
aging ex-Agitar customers to 
trade in their license for the 
Parasoft Application Quality So- 
lution for the maintenance fee. I 


< continued from page 8 

into search results. 

Although Google's market 
share is 3.5 times larger than 
Yahoo's, Yahoo still has a chance, 
he claimed. Sixty percent of 
search engine users search on 
more than one site. Of those, 
24% alternate between Google 
and Yahoo. Those users could 
find SearchMonkey applications 
a reason to use Yahoo more and 
Google less, Stewart said. 

SearchMonkey was created 
independent of the recent 
takeover battle with Microsoft, 
said Kumar, but added the ini- 
tiative would help to enhance 
the Yahoo brand. 

"We have been very careful 
to make this an open platform 
and a free platform, because 
the way we're going to make 
money out of this is to create a 
more productive experience for 
our users, and our hope is that 
they will flock to Yahoo 
Search," Kumar explained. I 

Software Development Times . June 15, 2008 



Skytap tests 'virtual lab' service 


A startup has taken virtualiza- 
tion up "into the cloud" in hopes 
of creating a virtual lab manage- 
ment infrastructure that would 
appeal to QA test teams. 

Skytap Inc. now has limited 
availability of its Skytap Virtual 
Lab service. Virtual Lab provides 
preconfigured virtual machines 
for various Linux, Solaris and 
Windows environments that are 
accessible via Internet Explorer 
and Firefox. 

Services will be priced like a 
utility — on a metered basis — by 
CPU usage and storage con- 
sumed. But some predictability 
is built into pricing: There will 
be a base subscription and the 
option to buy additional CPU 
hours at a set rate, said Steve 
Brodie, chief product and mar- 
keting officer at Skytap. 

Skytap, which uses VMware 
and Citrix on the back end, 
keeps system images up-to-date 
by applying the latest hotfixes 
and updates as needed. The ser- 
vice can serve up any operating 
system that is supported by 
VMware, and customers may 
supply their own images, said 
Brodie. Customer images, how- 
ever, are not monitored for 



A Microsoft Business Process 
Alliance (BPA) partner has 
updated its flagship BPM solu- 
tion to bind process activity to 
Microsoft Office client applica- 
tions and to SharePoint Server. 

Metastorm last month un- 
veiled version 7.6 of its BPM 
Suite, extending process activity 
to Excel, PowerPoint and Word 
2007. In effect, those Office ap- 
plications become interfaces for 
process collaboration, participa- 
tion and reporting. 

Also, BPM Suite supports the 
Office SharePoint Server 2007 
portal interfaces and has a new 
"notify" gadget for Windows 
Vista, which alerts users when an 
item requires their attention. 

Microsoft established the 
BPA in February 2007 to form an 
ecosystem around its platforms 
of ISVs, channel development 
partners and systems integrators. 

Metastorm joined the BPA 
at the end of February 2007. I 

patching by Skytap. 

Testing organizations are 
often short on resources and 
time at the end of the release 
cycle, said Brodie. He claimed 
that Virtual Lab's value proposi- 

tion is that it provides a large 
number of configuration op- 
tions and that clients will not 
need to set up and maintain 
their own test beds. 

Currently, there are more 

than 50 virtual machines, includ- 
ed in the Virtual Lab library. The 
company's goal is to exceed 100 
by the end of the year, said 
Brodie. Browser versions may 
differ, or virtual hardware might 

be differently configured. 

The Virtual Lab service may 
be generally available this year, 
said Brodie, with the caveat that 
"cloud services" often remain in 
beta for longer than expected. I 

Intellectuals solve problems. 
Geniuses prevent them. 

Albert Einstein 

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are simply not the solution. 



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O M 



. Software Development Times . June 15, 2008 . 



Microsoft has contributed its Microsoft Scan Service Definition Ver- 
sion 1.0, a Web services protocol specification for consumer scanning 
peripherals, to the Printer Working Group, a program of the IEEE 
Industry Standards and Technology Organization. Microsoft said this 
would make it easier for partner companies to have their products 
work across multiple platforms . . . Codice Software, a provider of 
software products to strengthen application 
development, said that its Plastic SCM soft- 
COOIC&SQnWGr& ware configuration management product 
would be used for the Web site of a charity that benefits an orphanage 
in Awasa, Ethiopia . . . Open-source database management software 
provider Ingres created three programs to promote open-source adop- 
tion: the Global Ingres University Alliance, the Janitors Project and 
Open Source Boot Camp. The Janitors Project is a forum for new 
Ingres community members, while Open Source Boot Camp introduces 
university students and staff to open-source concepts. The Global 
Ingres University Alliance is an alliance with universities in Canada and 
Europe to drive open source. 


LDRA announced the launch of TBvision, a testing and reporting tool 
that provides what the company called the "most comprehensive C and 
C++ coding standards enforcement available." . . . Virtualization com- 
pany Xenocode launched its flagship Xenocode Virtual Application Stu- 
dio, an application virtualization environment that allows Java-, .NET- 
and Windows-based desktop applications to be deployed in standalone 
form. Company executives said the studio allows users to run legacy 
applications without errors on Windows Vista and to use multiple ver- 
sions of applications, such as different releases of Microsoft Office. 


Gomez has announced that its ExperienceFirst application platform 
for Web development now works with Internet Explorer 8 beta 1 
. . . Sybase iAnywhere announced RFID Anywhere 3.5, an update to 
its infrastructure toolkit that works with Microsoft's Visual Studio 
2008, and is expected to be available this month . . . Open Kernel Labs 
announced an update to its 0KL4 open-source microkernel, which is 
based on the company's Secure HyperCell operating environment for 
mobile devices . . . Indigo Rose added the ability to leverage Mi- 
crosoft's Windows Installer XML compiler technology in the latest re- 
lease of its MSI Factory intelligent setup build product for Windows. 
This ability in MSI Factory 2.0 gives developers easy access to the 
technology that Microsoft uses internally for creating installers for Mi- 
crosoft Office and other products, Indigo Rose executives said . . . ZH- 
MICRO, a provider of software development tools based on C++, has 
added PHP integration and the ability to create solutions with Web ap- 
plications to its Visual '08 IDE. Applications written with Visual '08 
can run on Linux, Microsoft Windows and Unix, the company said. 


Arun Sarin has stepped down as CEO of telecommunications compa- 
ny Vodafone, and he will be replaced by deputy Vittorio Colao on July 
29. Sarin served in the position for five years and will retire after Voda- 
fone's annual general meeting on that date. Sarin is credited with help- 
ing Vodafone expand into new markets, including the Czech Republic, 
India, Romania and Turkey. The company said that its customer base 
more than doubled globally, and returns to shareholders grew with div- 
idends rising more than 400% . . . Jeremy Carroll has joined seman- 
tic Web product maker TopQuadrant as chief product architect. Carroll 
had previously worked at HP Labs and is noted as a 
lead architect on the open-source Jena toolkit, a se- 
mantic Web framework for Java. Additionally, he has 
contributed to many semantic Web standards from the 
W3C, according to TopQuadrant. Carroll will work to 
extend the company's TopBraid semantic application 
CARROLL development platform. I 



With everything from RIA libraries to Java tools, vendors lined the JavaOne show floor. 

JavaOne was not just Sun's show 

Third-party vendors made big splashes of their own 


Sun and the health department 
weren't the only ones making 
news at last month's JavaOne 
conference in San Francisco. 
Here's a roundup of what SD 
Times found on the floor and in 
the neighborhood: 

Atlassian released JIRA Stu- 
dio, a hosted development envi- 
ronment that provides collabo- 
ration and issue tracking tools as 
well as a code repository and 
code review features. Existing 
JIRA and Subversion databases 
can be imported into JIRA Stu- 
dio. The service is priced at 
US$50 per user per month, with 
volume discounts available. 

Cacheonix Systems an- 
nounced its namesake cache 
clustering and data grid plat- 
form, which company officials 
say offer latency for put and get 
operations in the millisecond 
range. The design of Cacheonix 
keeps data closer to applica- 
tions by storing it in memory 
across a set of commodity cache 
servers, according to the execu- 
tives. The company is offering a 
unique find-a-bug-and-get-a- 
license scheme to developers 
who kick the tires on the early 
access builds. 

Canoo demonstrated Ultra- 
LightClient '08, a rich Internet 
application library that the 
company claims "bridges the 
gap" between classic Java, in 
the form of Swing UI compo- 
nents, and Web architectures, 
as an alternative to AJAX. The 
company expects to release the 
client library around the middle 
of the year. 

InetSoft Technology released 
Style Intelligence 9.5, an update 
to the business intelligence tool 
that allows scheduled pre-aggre- 

gation of data mashups, while 
adding memory-resident bitmap 
indexing for analyzing very large 
datasets, and a new interface for 
the design of dashboards to the 
feature set. The company claims 
the new release is more respon- 
sive for designers, and it offers 
improved deployment, localiza- 
tion and reporting tools. 

Liferay announced the re- 
lease of version 5.0 of its name- 
sake portal software. Liferay Por- 
tal now offers a built-in 
collaboration suite that ties into 
portal-based Web applications, 
and it allows the use of both PHP 
and Ruby. The suite includes a 
dynamic tagging system, an 
AJAX-based e-mail client and 
direct publishing to the Face- 
book and MySpace networks. 
Liferay also announced that Sun 
Microsystems had joined its 
open-source community, with 
the intent of using core elements 
of Liferay Portal in Sun's next- 
generation Web development 
and collaboration platform. 

Protecode demonstrated a 
beta version of its forthcoming 
intellectual property and soft- 
ware bill-of-materials manage- 
ment tools and made the beta 
available as a free download. 
The beta adds support for the 
Eclipse C Development Tool 
and an updated GUI that the 
company claims streamlines 
administration by allowing ac- 
cess policies to be defined by 
project, user and group. It also 
works with nested intellectual 
property and includes what the 
company called a "significant- 
ly" larger database of intellec- 
tual property and interactive 
reporting tools. 

Morph Labs, with help from 
Jetty creators Webtide, launched 

the Morph Application Platform 
for Java, an application virtual- 
ization environment designed 
with cloud computing in mind. 
Webtide is providing conversion 
packages and support offerings 
to help customers make better 
use of the open-source Jetty 
server. David Abramowski, CEO 
of Morph Labs, claims that Java 
support puts his company ahead 
of Google's App Engine, which 
at this time only supports 

ObjectWave presented the 
Swan rich Internet application 
development platform, com- 
bining an AJAX framework with 
what it calls easy-to-use devel- 
opment tools. Swan allows 
behavior to be defined on the 
server side of the application, 
and ObjectWave claims that 
developers can get right to 
work without having to deal 
with custom tag libraries or 
even JavaScript. The company 
added that AJAX-based pages 
could be created with Swan, 
using nothing but HTML. 

The OW2 Consortium an- 
nounced plans to release a beta 
of SpagoBI 2.0, an open-source 
business intelligence platform, 
this month. SpagoBI is a modu- 
lar platform that includes 
development tools as well as 
server tools and an integration 
layer that allows external appli- 
cations to access SpagoBI. The 
Italian system integration firm 
Engineering Group, also known 
as Ingegneria Informatica, is 
leading the SpagoBI project. 

Parasoft demonstrated the 
next generation of its application 
security tools, covering conven- 
tional application development, 
outsourced and distributed de- 
continued on page 27 ► 

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. Software Development Times . June 15, 2008 . 

Microsoft plans native VHD support in Windows 7 


Sometimes the world is in a grain 
of sand. A help-wanted ad has 
revealed that Microsoft intends 
to add native support for the Vir- 
tual Hard Disk (VHD) format to 
Windows 7, the successor to 
Windows Vista that the company 
has slated for release in 2010. 

A job listing posted to 
Microsoft's Careers site on May 
21 seeks a candidate who would 
be responsible for "creating, 
mounting, performing I/O on, 
and dismounting VHDs native- 
ly in Windows." 

The hire would join Micro- 
soft's Core OS team, which cre- 
ates the fundamentals of the op- 
erating system. 

The posting, which explains 
the reasoning for embedding vir- 
tualization into Windows, says, 
"Virtualization technology has 
been a great success with Virtual 
Server and Hyper- V With native 
OS support on the horizon, it will 
become an even greater hit. Our 
team is making this a reality in 



The adoption of XBRL (Extensi- 
ble Business Reporting Lan- 
guage) as a lingua franca of busi- 
ness took a step forward last 
month, when the U.S. Securities 
and Exchange Commission vot- 
ed to require the world's largest 
companies to begin filing re- 
quired reports in the XML- 
derived format for those periods 
that close at the end of 2008. 

The SEC has been evaluat- 
ing XBRL since 2005. After 
first collecting data from corpo- 
rate filers, the regulatory body 
has since added XBRL filing of 
mutual fund risk return infor- 
mation and an online database 
of executive compensation data. 

If adopted, the SEC's pro- 
posal would see the first XBRL 
data provided under the 
scheme become public in early 

2009 by those companies, 
roughly 500 in number. 

Other companies using U.S. 
Generally Accepted Accounting 
Principles would provide this 
disclosure over the next two 
years, while corporations that 
use the International Account- 
ing Standards Board's reporting 
standards would have until late 

2010 to provide XBRL-based 
financial disclosures. I 

Windows 7. Consider the sim- 
plicity of backup using a VHD or 
the portability of a virtual disk 
backed by a single file. " 

Microsoft is keeping pace 
with the technology, said Yankee 

Group analyst Laura DiDio. "If 
it's built in, it's one less thing to 
worry about," she added. 

Asked whether Microsoft's 
bundling of virtualization mid- 
dleware could raise antitrust 

concerns, DiDio said that the 
company is acutely aware of the 
terms of the 2002 consent 
decree that it reached with the 
U.S. Department of Justice. 
In the case of virtualization, 

she said, Microsoft is the under- 
dog. "VMware has a substantial 
lead. Everyone from Citrix to 
Microsoft to Oracle would con- 
cede that [VMware] has the best 
products," DiDio noted. I 

Software Development Times . June 15, 2008 



lONA's Artix Data Services reduces hand coding 


A SOA infrastructure maker 
has created a transport abstrac- 
tion layer and data mapping 
feature that the company says 
will help shorten the data ser- 

vices development life cycle by 
reducing hand coding. 

IONA Technologies has 
made Artix Data Services 7.3 
broadly available. The graphical 
development tool models data 

structures and semantics and can 
configure reusable data transfor- 
mation and validation services. 

When developers expose 
applications as services in a SOA, 
it becomes necessary to support 

the underlying data models of 
those services. Artix includes a 
transport abstraction layer that 
integrates 50 common message 
transports to help developers 
change and test transports. 

I -ru 

Q&0& 5olichons •for 'RfioJ CUcJIencjes 

PnofitBase 2007 empowers information woiters with one consolidated view of 
the information they need for better and fester decisbns. The application is built 
on top of the NET platform and utilizes Windows Fonms on the client side. An 
ASP NET web client is also employed forgathering intelligence!. In the past year, 
FroHlBase alsu decided Lu use Mftrusuft Windows Presentation Foundation for 
many of the more graphtcal parts, including navigational menus, witrun the 
application. The company needed to find a solution to create consistent user 
experiences across Windows Forms, ASP.NET and WPF 

Infragistics NetAdvantage empowers developers to build and style exceptional 
application interfaces and user experiences across multiple platforms, 
infragistics feature-rich solutions help enterprises deploy a strategy as part of 
the application development Itfecycte for developing the user experience. 
"We've standardized on NetAdvantage because it provides coverage for GUI 
components across multiple platforms which allows us to concentrate on 
making the application itself bettEr white NetAd vantage ensures consistency, 
styling and usability in the interface/ said Te-rje Rutland, CTO and VP of 
Development at ProfltBase, 

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The data service integrates 
with transports and performs 
data mediation; this approach 
means there is less coding, said 
Ray Christopher, senior product 
marketing manager at IONA. 

As data models acquire more 
elements, developers require 
tools to be more productive 
when creating transformations, 
said Christopher. He added that 
Artix Data Services now provides 
"smart mappings," which include 
auto layout and transform-route 
highlighting, data conversions, 
and a search feature to help 
developers navigate data models. 

Another new productivity 
feature is Artix s use of aliases, 
which let users define alternate 
names for message structures. 

"Aliases help IT and business 
people communicate," said 
Christopher. Artix Data Services 
"helps define business views of 
data models and [creates] auto- 
matic HTML documentation." 

Finally, the new version 
broadens IONAs developer 
platform support by working 
with Mac OS X and Solaris, as 
well as Linux and Windows. I 



As corporate developers seek 
ways to leverage social networks 
for business purposes, there's a 
well-founded fear of creating 
security breaches in the process. 
One social network is taking 
steps to reduce the exposure. 

MySpace revealed new 
developer guidelines May 20 to 
govern application communica- 
tion. The goal is to limit behavior 
designed to trick users or en- 
courage them to generate traffic. 

The first restriction is that 
giving incentives to MySpace 
members for sending messages 
or any type of communication is 
forbidden. The rule extends to 
enabling extra features in an 
application, giving points or us- 
ing other status enhancements. 

Second, MySpace users are 
to be told explicitly what they are 
sending at the time of execution. 
"Share with friends" is no longer 
enough; "send comment" or 
"send bulletin" is the new form. 

Further details are at the 
MySpace developer blog. I 

Sun Opens a 
Mfrpd Java &aq 

ISSUE 10, JULY 15, 2000: 

Remember WebGain? It 
bought the Spin RAD 
software from Zat Inc., 
while Interbase Software 
released version 6 of its 
eponymous database 
software, and Sun laid 
out a Java road map at 

i iff!iHi« integration SuEte 

M^?£ Room R?r 
Distributed Apps 

VhD E-IER n|U.Um :ZZ.7£p,<H pzzZ=2 


ISSUE 50, MARCH 15, 2002: 

TogetherSoft founder Peter Coad 
stepped down as CEO, Data Junction 
offered tools for integrating transac- ;. 
tion-oriented applications, and Wind 
River demonstrated VSPWorks, a 
real-time operating system. 

iitofartiic 4pud Id hfcawtib 





This month we celebrate the 200th issue 
of SD Times. The industry newspaper for 
software development managers debuted 
in February 2000, and our very first issue 
documented one of the biggest launches of 
the modern software era: the creation of 
Java 2 Micro Edition, the optimized Java 
runtime for embedded devices. Since then, 
we've seen new platforms, new paradigms, 
new companies and more. Join us on a 
journey back, with stops every five months to 
check out the landscape. -Man zeichM 


Sun Brews up 
Common Flavor 
*ML far Java 

frFynfTi- h+-K-¥: ■», t^i^.,^. VlUCra Irtmftm 

ISSUE 20, DEC. 15, 2000: 

XML DevCon 2000 was the 
launching point of appli- 
cations, while IBM and 
Microsoft got behind a 
new short-range wireless 
spec called Bluetooth. 

filisoFTWRFSR'awiENT eXcelon, CSI 

1 ■ * Form XML Alliance 


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hllai I! 

ISSUE 1, FEB. 23, 2000: JSi^J 

Sun targeted Internet 
appliances with J2ME, 
while eXcelon and CSI 
USA formed an XML 
alliance, and Compuware 
put a new face on its 
Uniface thin-client Web ^ 
application server. 

IBM Acquires 
Informal In 
$1 Billion Dear 

ISSUE 30, MAY 15, 2001: 

Big Blue spent a cool billion 
dollars to buy Informix, 
while both the SD Expo and 
Embedded Systems Confer- 
ences seemed unaffected 
by the post-bubble tech 



i^xt;— - 



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Sun Rtees 
On J2£E 1.3 


ISSUE 40, OCT. 15, 2001: 

The chairman of Rogue Wave 
stepped down, even as Sun's 
enterprise Java platform 
rose on its J2EE 1.3 specifi- 
cation. Meanwhile, Merant 
added a content manager to 
its PVCS product line. 



Pushed Back 
To Ne«t Year 


ISSUE 60, AUG. 15, 2002: 

The UML 2.0 spec was 
pushed back a year, and Bill 
Gates unveiled a new vision 
forthe.NET platform and 
the Ctt language. WebGain, 
back in the news, confirmed 
that it was out of business. 

™™« Eclipse shifts 
into LHeHCycle 

"ta Urih| % F - ■ ta U-i 

ISSUE 70, JAN. 15, 2003: 

The Eclipse Foundation 
grew to 30 members 
and began a move into 
application life-cycle 
management. Schlum- 
berger looked to bring 
.NET-based smart cards 
to North America. 


zzz^r .= n r LtJ.jl I 

'•m ■ i- f-. n -y-i- inlui *■-■« 

1 Novell to SCO: 
Put Up or Shut 
Up About Unix 

;?: ISSUE 80, JUNE 15, 2003: 

Novell warned SCO Group to put up 
or shut up about its Unix rights, Ser- 
ena Software purchased TeamShare, 
and a BZ Research study revealed 
that 34% of businesses consider 
Linux a "supported platform." 

1 Micrc^ft 

■i ftw i ^m . M 


ISSUE 90, NOV. 15, 2003: 

IBM's Stinger helped DB2 
work with .NET applica- 
tions, and Microsoft's PDC 
gave an early glimpse of 
Windows XP's successor, 
code-named Longhorn and 
later called Windows Vista. 

^■■■-l 1 .. vy i:i 

IBM to Sun: 
Open J2SE 
As a Start 

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ISSUE 100, APRIL 15, 2004: 

Colleges said they aren't teaching 
software testing, IBM told Sun to 
open up its J2SE platform, Pervasive j 
repackaged technology it purchased 
from Data Junction, and Microsoft 
launched a Speech Server at VS Live. 



*™ Web Serves 
Spec Could 

L*ad to Others 


ISSUE 110, SEPT. 15, 2004: 

Borland reinvented itself 
with Project Themis, while 
PalmSource shed engi- 
neers in an attempt to 
find profitability. A broad 
consortium submitted WS- 
Addressing to the W3C. 

|sw w- -^ Borland Ready 
.. -«„ - TDDeJwer On 
Deiwery Vfirioh 

ISSUE 120, FEB. 15, 2005: 

Sun detailed its open-source 
vision for Solaris, Borland 
promised to deliver its Core SDP 
software delivery platform 
shortly, and RFID became impor- 
tant for the whole supply chain. 



in \v\ 

1 Sun Embraces 

Op&n Source, 

' ISM Looseiy 

. ■; '. Embraces Sun 

r • Ml USEiS Kl SIIIH-Er "-- 

Bffir~~pViT^FErrt>i]A:]sianffl -™™GE 

ISSUE 130, JULY 15, 2005: 

Sun bought SeeBeyond to boost 
its SOA strategy and released 
more of the Java stack as open 
source. Sybase unveiled Work- 
Space, an Eclipse-based IDE for f^i ^ 
Java and .NET applications. 


Islands Of 
1 Web Servicer 

ISSUE 140, DEC. 15, 2005: 

Mindreef showed Coral, a 
role-based collaborative 
environment, while the 
JCP offered a proposed 
final draft of Java EE 5. 
The privately held Serena 
Software embraced the 
Eclipse ALF framework. 


ISSUE 170, MARCH 15, 2007: 

Redmond cleared deployment 
barriers facing Windows Vista 
and the Mono team tightened its 
ties to Redmond. After four years 
of lawsuits, the SCO v. IBM case 
appeared to be winding down. 

fhtnmH*Mi>iP'frrM— lJwtixrwl jNjg 

Schwartz Plan Reveals Little, 
lalysts Call Sun 'Precarious 1 

ISSUE 150, JUNE 15, 2006: 

Microsoft and VMware struggled for 
server and desktop virtualization 
dominance, while Sun turned in a big 
quarterly loss under newly promoted 
CEO Jonathan Schwartz. 


jpi Hfel^ llgB 

*~ "- ' — ^ ^T ^*"^ - ■ ^r f** 1 

ISSUE 180, AUG. 15, 2007: 

Microsoft pinned its hopes on 
Windows 7, the successor to 
Windows Vista. Java EE 6 
began taking shape, and Intel 
released its Threading Building 
Blocks library as open source. 






iin llai C aghead to Fie* With 
Arnjzon'5 Services 

ISSUE 190, JAN. 15, 2008: 

The business reporting 
revolution began with the 
XBRL draft, while Coghead 
linked its Web application 
platform to Adobe Flex 
and Amazon Web Services. 

p * 

Borland dumped its Core 
SDP product line in favor 
of four new bundles for 
different phases of the 
application life cycle. The 
U.S. government named its 
first czar for cybersecuri- 
ty: Gregory Garcia. 


The Industry Newspaper for Software Development Managers 



. Software Development Times . June 15, 2008 . 

Google focuses on RIAs to expand Internet economy 

< continued from page 1 

book, "Once You're Lucky, 
Twice You're Good: The 
Rebirth of Silicon Valley and 
the Rise of Web 2.0." Indeed, 
Google has proved that it's 

"good" multiple times, chang- 
ing search, search advertising 
and online software distribution 
with Google Apps, and now 
cloud computing with App 
Engine and mobile computing 

with Android. 

When Google's Steve 
Horowitz demonstrated at the 
I/O conference how a mobile 
device built on the Android 
platform could marry Google 

Maps' Street View and a com- 
pass, and showed the on-screen 
street image spin 360 degrees 
as he turned around, he earned 
a round of awe-inspired 
applause akin to a Steve Jobs 

keynote at Macworld Expo. 

Google has begun inviting 
developers to write mobile 
applications on the Android 
platform, which may show up 
on devices before the year is 
out. In addition, the company is 
reaching out to the developer 
community with App Engine, a 
free platform for creating soft- 
ware applications that then can 
be hosted free on Google's IT 
infrastructure. Once usage of 
an application reaches a certain 
point, Google will start charg- 
ing for hosting, but it will have 
helped many new Web ven- 
tures get off the ground in the 


What's more, Google is chasing 
a piece of the social networking 
Web phenomenon with 
OpenSocial, which defines a 
common API for applications 
that will work across multiple 
social networking sites, includ- 
ing, Linkedln, 
MySpace, Plaxo and Sales- 
force, com. 

What all those Google ven- 
tures have in common is that 
they expand the Internet econ- 
omy, said Vic Gundotra, vice 
president of engineering for 
developer products at Google. 

"Google was born in and of 
the Internet," Gundotra said in 
his keynote. Google's business 
model is simple, he added: 
Richer applications mean more 
users, and greater usage trans- 
lates into advertising revenue 
for Google. 

Because Google makes its 
money as the Web grows, all the 
services promoted at I/O are 
free and open source: App 
Engine, Android, Google Web 
Toolkit or OpenSocial. "Google 
is committed to working with 
the open-source community and 
giving back," said Gundotra. 

At first, though, App Engine 
developers will be limited to 
writing applications in Python, 
and Google officials were vague 
about when other languages 
would be supported. It's likely 
they will support other lan- 
guages because it's in Google's 
nature to do so, said Carl 
Howe, a research director at 
Yankee Group. 

"I think they'll support other 
languages when developers ask 
them for it," said Howe. "They 
are a company that builds on a 
consensus of the Internet." I 


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. Software Development Times . June 15, 2008 . 

Google fires up App Engine 


Google has tossed out a 
150,000-person waiting list for 
its App Engine free software 
development platform, wel- 
coming everyone on it and 

beyond to create software 
applications to be hosted on 
Google's IT infrastructure. 

"App Engine is now open for 
anyone to sign up and begin 
using immediately," said Kevin 

Gibbs, technical lead for App 
Engine, earning him applause 
from the audience at Google 
I/O, a development forum held 
May 28 and 29 in San Francisco. 
Google also set fees for host- 

ing applications on its infrastruc- 
ture and unveiled two APIs that 
would be available for develop- 
ers in coming weeks. Although 
hosting fees would apply once 
an application generates signifi- 

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cant traffic, App Engine is 
intended to eliminate the barri- 
er to entry for many Web devel- 
opers by letting them create 
their applications and launch 
them at no cost, Gibbs said. 
"App Engine will always be free 
to get [users] started." 

The search engine provider 
took another step toward ad- 
vancing the Web with a preview 
release of App Engine on April 
7. Google initially limited the 
number of developers who 
could use App Engine to 10,000, 
but quickly built a waiting list 
that grew by 10,000 to 15,000 
names per week, eventually 
reaching 150,000 people, said 
Pete Koomen, a Google App 
Engine product manager. The 
company admitted 75,000 into 
the program, then, finally, every- 
one else. 

However, Google will keep 
other limits. Hosting will be free 
for apps that use up to 500MB 
of storage, and it is restricted to 
providing enough CPU power 
and bandwidth to accommodate 
5 million page views per month. 
For developers who want more 
capacity, the following fee 
schedule will apply sometime 
later this year, Google said: 

• Processing: 

$0.10-$0.12 per CPU core-hour 

• Storage: 

$0.15-$0.18 per GB per month 

• Outgoing bandwidth: 
(from the application) 

• Incoming bandwidth: 
$0.09-$0.11 per GB 

"We have been asked by a 
lot of developers to be more 
transparent about our pricing 
structure so that they can plan 
which hosting provider they 
want to go with," said Paul 
McDonald, another Google 
App Engine product manager, 
adding that he considered 
Google's pricing "competitive" 
with other hosting services. 

By allowing developers to 
create and launch applications 
for free, then charge them for 
hosting as they grow, App 
Engine could be a catalyst for 
new growth in the Internet 
economy, said Carl Howe, an 
analyst with Yankee Group. 

"Any developer, even if they 
are working in their basement, 
can all of a sudden work at the 
scale of Google infrastructure if 
they pay them for it. That is a 
capability that developers have 
never had before," said Howe. 
"It means people will try more 
things and, if they work out, 
then we'll see some more busi- 
nesses created." I 

Software Development Times . June 15, 2008 



Google toolkit gains Java 5 syntax support 


If AJAX isn't the platform of the 
year, don't tell Google, which 
hopes to hasten development of 
AJAX applications with another 
preview of its Google Web 
Toolkit (GWT). 

Google Web Toolkit Release 
Candidate 1.5 was introduced 
at the Google I/O developer 
conference last month. 

Highlights of the release 
include support for the syntax 
of Java 5 — the latest iteration of 
the Java programming lan- 
guage — and a compiler that 
converts Java code into 
JavaScript, a lingua franca for 
browsers with any pretensions 
to market share. "That's the 
premise: development in Java, 
deployment in JavaScript," said 
Bruce Johnson, the engineering 
manager for GWT at Google. 

Google developed GWT on 
the premise that the browser is 
the "application platform of 
choice," said Johnson. 

"With the advent of AJAX 
and rich browser techniques, 
everybody started to realize that 
the browsers are pretty capable 
as an app platform," he added. 

The compiler in version 1.5 
produces faster JavaScript than 
a person could write by hand, 
Johnson said, and users of ver- 
sion 1.4 can download 1.5 and 
see improvement in their appli- 
cations right away. 

"They recompile it and their 
application gets noticeably 
faster. That's a very typical phe- 
nomenon, and that's a really big 
value proposition," he noted. 

But AJAX development for 
the browser is limited by the var- 
ious quirks that develop in differ- 
ent browser types, Johnson 
added. By compiling Java code 
into JavaScript, GWT 1.5 mini- 
mizes many of those quirks. 

Google is embracing the 
browser — rather than the desk- 
top or server — as the preferred 
application platform because it 
is ubiquitous and makes an 
application available globally, 
said Vic Gundotra, vice presi- 
dent of engineering for devel- 
oper products at Google. 

"I think the Web has matured 
at a pretty amazing rate. In terms 
of the platform, the Web has 
won," said Gundotra, during a 
news conference following his 
keynote address at the conference. 

The GWT is open source and 
free to developers, including 
those who will join Google's new 

App Engine development plat- 
form. App Engine is a free ser- 
vice for building software appli- 
cations and hosting them free on 
Google's IT infrastructure. Goo- 
gle announced new details about 

App Engine at Google I/O and 
presented a demo of Android, 
Google's effort to create a com- 
pletely open-source software 
stack for running on mobile 
devices (see story, page 26). 

The crowd of more than 
2,000 applauded when Google 
Android engineer Steve Hor- 
owitz demonstrated a mobile 
application of Google's Street 
View mapping service that shows 

a street-level photo of a location. 
Coupled with a compass func- 
tion, the image on a phone 
panned a street scene as 
Horowitz moved the phone 
around the compass points. I 


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. Software Development Times . June 15, 2008 . 

Android apps draw 'oohs, aahs' at developer conference 


out, iPhone. Google's reflection 
in the rear-view mirror just got 
larger, as a prototype running 
the company's Android platform 
wowed the audience of 3,000 

developers here at the Google 
I/O conference. 

The prototype device, dem- 
onstrated by Google engineer 
Steve Horowitz, was running 
Google Map's Street View, the 
mapping feature that shows 

street-level photos of locations, 
with an embedded compass. As 
he slowly turned in place, the 
image of the street on the phone 
turned with him, and the audi- 
ence, viewing the image on large 
monitors, applauded. 

"We can't wait to see the 
kind of applications that you 
will build for the platform," 
Horowitz told the crowd gath- 
ered for the convention, held 
here May 28 and 29. 

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and open-source systems that 
Google is giving away to the 
developing public, in hopes of 
driving the next phase of the 
Web-based economy Google 
executives were vague on 
details but said they anticipate 
that later in 2008, mobile 
devices will come to market 
with an Android software stack 
that delivers "enhanced" brows- 
ing, calendar, e-mail, media, 
navigation and other services to 
the palm of a user's hand. 

Google is the driving force 
behind the Open Handset 
Alliance (OHA), an organiza- 
tion that now has close to 40 
member firms worldwide, 
including handset makers, com- 
ponent makers and carriers. 
The OHA released an Android 
software development kit in 
November 2007 to spur the 
creation of mobile applications 
licensed under the Apache v2 
open-source license. 

An Android platform is taking 
shape, said Andy Rubin, 
Google's director of mobile plat- 
forms, at a news conference dur- 
ing the Google I/O conference. 

Google formed the OHA "to 
create a little bit of a structure" 
around Android, Rubin 
explained. He anticipated that 
development will continue on 
Android until the platform reach- 
es the point where version 1.0 is 
ready for the device market. 

"When a handset is capable 
of running the platform and a 
consumer is happy with the 
experience, that's what we call 
'critical mass,' " Rubin explained. 

Another application demon- 
strated on the Android proto- 
type was a widget that magni- 
fies a section of the Web page 
image on a device. 

Although the device demon- 
strated at the conference had a 
touch-screen similar to Apple's 
iPhone, Android could also run 
on a phone using trackball nav- 
igation, said Rubin. 

Google's strategy is to posi- 
tion Android as an alternative to 
the myriad mobile platforms 
that complicate life for develop- 
ers, said Vic Gundotra, vice 
president of engineering for 
developer products at Google, 
during his keynote address. 

"We have to support so 
many platforms," Gundotra 
noted. "It's crazy. The market- 
place is very fragmented, and 
not every development organi- 
zation has the resources Google 
has [to support all of them]." I 

Software Development Times . June 15, 2008 , 



Wind River and Intel rev 
open-source auto platform 

Goal: Simplify in-vehicle devices 


With an assist from Intel, Wind River 
Systems has leapt into the in-vehicle info- 
tainment market, saying it will make a 
commercial platform available next year. 
In addition, Wind River, which made its 
announcement at the recent Telematics 
2008 conference in Detroit, will make the 
project code available to the open-source 
community by summers end. 

The Wind River Linux Platform for 
Infotainment will be optimized for 
Intel's Atom processor, which the chip- 
maker introduced in April. According to 
Wind River, the platform will include 
such third-party applications as 
Nuance's speech-recognition and Gra- 
cenote's music management and play- 
listing technologies. 

Wind River's goal is to reduce the 
complexity of the in-vehicle device mar- 
ket by providing an integrated, Linux- 
based development environment, said 
the general manager of the company's 
Linux products division, senior vice pres- 
ident Vincent Rerolle, in a prepared 

The platform will work with con- 
sumer electronics devices, such as the 
iPod, and offer 3D graphics. Additional- 
ly, it would work with core automotive 
specifications, including a controller-area 
network, a commonly used bus for indus- 
trial automation and in-vehicle commu- 
nications, and Media-Oriented Systems 
Transport, an emerging networking stan- 
dard for automotive multimedia. 

Rerolle: Integrated Linux environment 
will drive infotainment device market. 


Major manufacturers and suppliers in 
the auto industry, such as BMW, Bosch 
and Delphi, are working with Intel and 
Wind River to develop the platform. 
The challenge is to provide connected, 
graphics-intensive and multimedia-ori- 
ented applications in a low-power envi- 
ronment meeting safety and usability 
requirements. A commercial version is 
expected in the second half of 2009. 

Wind River will deliver the plat- 
form's specification and code to the in-vehicle infotainment 
community site, hoping to help manu- 
facturers save time and money in prod- 
uct development by providing an open 
platform. If things go as planned, that 
will happen by August. I 

Others basked at Sun's show 

< continued from page 16 

velopment, and SOA development. 
Auditing is not enough, said Wayne Ario- 
la, the company's vice president of strate- 
gy. "True success in application security 
requires an in-line process ... to ensure 
that the application adheres to the organi- 
zation's security policy," he added. 

Motorola announced an expanded 
line of features for its Motodev Studio 
platform, including an updated set of 
Java ME tools that work with the com- 
pany's latest Linux and Symbian/UIQ 
handsets, as well as support for the JSR 
248 mobile service architecture spec. 
The company also disclosed plans to 
release native C/C++ tooling for UIQ- 
based devices by midyear as a beta. 
Motodev Studio for WebUI and Studio 
for Linux are likewise expected to be 
available by late June as "technology 
preview" releases. 

Nokia announced the creation of a 

tool chain intended to simplify collabora- 
tion between graphics designers and soft- 
ware engineers who are creating mobile 
applications. As part of an effort with rich 
media specialists Ikivo, the Nokia SDKs 
for Java are integrated with Adobe Illus- 
trator, Ikivo Animator and NetBeans, 
using scalable vector graphics to capture 
visual designs for later deployment. This 
will allow UI designers to add GUI ele- 
ments directly to a project without 
requiring additional translation into Java 
code, Nokia said. 

Conversay announced a final release 
candidate of JSR 113, the Java Speech 
API 2, or JSAPI, that is targeted for Java 
ME devices. It also runs on Java SE. The 
company also showed off 3DK, the 
JSAPI2 Development/Demonstration 
Device Kit, an integrated package of 
hardware and software meant to give 
developers a leg up on building speech- 
enabled mobile applications. I 



Just because one's company is sold does 
not mean that the flow of new products 
can falter; if anything, that's when it's 
most important to show customers that 
it's business as usual. 

IBM Rational has introduced new 
versions of software development tools 
from Telelogic, which IBM acquired in 
April, for wider collaboration among 
participants developing complex em- 
bedded systems. Other new features are 
also included. 

Telelogic was developing many of 
these newly released tools before IBM 
made its US$845 million bid for the 
company. According to IBM, among the 
changes to the Telelogic portfolio, 
announced May 20, are: 

Telelogic Change 5.0: New capa- 
bilities are intended to support global 
ALM efforts, including integration with 
the company's Focal Point and System 
Architect tools, for process analysis and 
product management. 

Telelogic DOORS: DOORS 9.0 
adds Telelogic Directory Service for 
common user administration across 
multiple DOORS servers; DOORS Web 
Access, a rich Internet application for 
collaborating through a Web browser; 
DOORS/TraceLine, which lets develop- 
ers visualize, browse and manage 

DOORS traceability structures; and 
DOORS integration with Microsoft 
Team Foundation Server for those 
developing in the Visual Studio IDE. 
Trace Line is available now, and the oth- 
ers will be by the end of the second 

Telelogic Dashboard 3.5: It pro- 
vides managers with project status and 
trend information to help meet project 
goals across multiple projects. 

Telelogic Rhapsody: An update due 
later this summer adds a Telelogic Rhap- 
sody-Eclipse plug-in, to integrate the 
Rhapsody model-driven development 
tool into the Eclipse open-source IDE. 

The demand for improved collabora- 
tion tools is driven by global companies 
that may have product development in 
the U.S., sales and marketing in Europe 
and software development and testing in 
China, India or Russia, said John Carril- 
lo, senior director of Telelogic solutions. 

"Being able to have a common col- 
laborative environment just to synchro- 
nize change management is a huge 
issue," Carrillo said. "There are a lot 
more companies that are trying to create 
common best practices and processes 
and consolidate as many tools as possible 
to facilitate those processes." 

The updates are free to current Tele- 
logic customers. I 



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Don't expect people to bring lawn chairs to camp outside Sun 
Microsystems' headquarters waiting to pick up their copy of Java 
EE 6 when it's released this year. After all, the platform for 
server applications isn't the hottest new cell phone or game 
console. While Sun is touting the modularity and simplici 
ty of the next generation of the Enterprise Edition, many 
are skeptical about its promise given the underwhelming response to its ) 
predecessor, Java EE 5. 

Although software development experts involved in the Java 
Community Process (JCP) are working to finalize the specifications 
for Java EE 6, due by year's end, the market may already be passing 
Sun by. To minimize the notorious "Java bloat" — the result of adding 
APIs and other specifications that fatten the platform without discard- 
ing old ones — Sun is preaching the virtues of modularity. Developers 
need only use the modules, or in Sun's parlance, "profiles," prescribed 
to build the particular application they have in mind. 

To be sure, Sun can point to improvements in Java EE 6 over EE 5 
and in EE 5 over its predecessor. But other software companies, com- 
mercial and open source, are formulating solutions that can be used well 
before Sun can get EE 6 out the door. 

"Modular design ... is something [application vendors] are basically taking 
into their own hands," said Jeff Genender, a representative in the JCP of the 
Apache Software Foundation. 

Apache, a nonprofit group supporting multiple open-source software pro- 
jects, developed the Geronimo application server, whose latest update was 
delivered April 28. Geronimo features GBeans, a plug-in-based architecture, 
which lets users remove unneeded specs from Java EE 5, building light- 
weight configurations of the server. 

A developer can start with what is basically a Geronimo kernel and add 
components as plug-ins to create a specific software stack, or start with the 
full Java EE 5 stack and remove components, Genender explained. 

In a different approach to fighting Java bloat, Intelliun is using model-dri- 
ven development, which adds an abstraction layer between the Java EE plat- 
form and the application layer. That way, the application can be developed 
without the complications of the platform layer, said Iyad Jabri, president and 
CEO of Intelliun. "Our business model is to protect our customers from . 
those changes," said Jabri. 

According to critics, the industry's push for Java modularity was partly dri- 
ven by Sun's failure to significantly improve the design of Java EE 5 and by those 
critics' doubts that EE 6 will be much better. 

"Java EE 5 failed to significantly reduce the complexity of the environment," said Anne 
Thomas Manes, vice president and research director continued on page 3< 


Software Development Times . June 15, 2008 . 

Crammed with specs, Java creates 

< continued from page 29 

of Burton Group, an IT research compa- 
ny. "It reduced the lines of code that peo- 
ple had to produce, but it didn't reduce 
the complexity." 

Adding specifications and APIs with- 
out discarding outdated ones has creat- 
ed "this beast" that Java EE is today, 
Manes said. 

But Sun can point to several changes 
in Java EE 5, finalized by the JCP in May 
2006, that the company argues improved 
performance over its predecessor, J2EE 
1.4. Those include the addition of the 
Java Persistence API, a framework for 
more easily managing relational databas- 
es in an application; more default set- 
tings for simplified programming; Enter- 
prise Java Beans, which introduces a 
degree of modularity into development; 
and JavaServer Faces, a component to 
simplify design of the user interface. 

"Java EE 5 has been very well 
received," Roberto Chinnici, Sun's Java 
EE team lead, said last month in a pre- 
sentation at JavaOne. 

The Java EE 5 software development 
kit has been downloaded 3 million times 
since it was introduced, both as a stand- 
alone and with downloads of NetBeans, 
Sun's integrated development environ- 
ment (IDE) for building Java applica- 

* 1 





^■F ^RW. 

'Knowing that a large number of 

developers who do Java EE use 

it mostly for Web applications, 

we want to deliver a profile 

' -esses their needs.' 

—Roberto Chinnici, 
Sun's Java EE team lead 


tions, Chinnici said. 

However, the market didn't exactly 
embrace Java EE 5 to the extent that 
Sun claims. "Java EE 5 Simply Too 
Complex," read an SD Times headline 
from Nov. 1, 2006, above an article quot- 
ing Richard Monson-Haefel, a Burton 
Group analyst at that time. 

To this day, some application server 
vendors still haven't certified on Java EE 
5, added Rod Johnson, CEO of Spring- 
Source, the commercial sponsor of the 
open-source Spring framework for Java 
application development. 

"If you take a look at the lukewarm 
take-up of Java EE 5, it was beginning to 
head toward irrelevance," said Johnson, 
then added he hopes EE 6 will restore 

its relevance. 

IBM, for instance, only recently "ful- 
ly certified" Java EE 5 in beta release, 
with general availability expected later 
this year, spokesman Matt Berry wrote 
in an e-mail. 

Legacy customers are slower to 
implement new platforms, such as Java 
EE 5, while newer customers wishing to 
adopt advanced technologies embrace 
them, Berry wrote. To accommodate the 
latter group, IBM offers Feature Packs, 
which bundle some of the newer com- 
ponents of EE 5 in its WebSphere 
Application Server. IBM has released 
two Feature Packs, one in June and the 
other in November 2007. 

Sun executives defended their Java 

EE strategy at JavaOne. Although he 
called complaints of Java bloat "overstat- 
ed," Rich Green, executive vice presi- 
dent of software at Sun, said the compa- 
ny is developing a solution because 
customers want one. 

"We're addressing the market and 
we're doing it," Green said at a news 
conference during the show. "I think we 
have that one close to being solved." 


The main contributor to bloat is the 
presence of outdated specifications that 
are superseded by newer ones, but all of 
them remain in the code. Sun can't dis- 
card those legacy specifications because 
someone, somewhere, is still using 
them. In a sense, Java EE is like the 
parts department of a car dealer. In the 
real world, a 2008 model may have a 
much better fuel injector than a 2001 
model, but when the owner of a 2001 
needs a new fuel injector, the dealer 
would have to order it from a parts sup- 
plier if it isn't in stock. 

But in this example, the auto dealer 
has stocked a decade's worth of older 
parts on a back shelf to gather dust; rear- 
ranging the inventory is essentially what 
Sun is doing in "pruning" Java EE 6. 

The JCP is the governing body that 

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btoat, discord 

determines which specifications should 
be included in Java EE as well as Java 
Standard Edition (SE), Java Micro Edi- 
tion (ME) and other categories. Although 
Sun's people dominate the JCP, it also 
includes representatives of application 
server vendors, such as IBM, Oracle, Red 
Hat and others; representatives of open- 
source foundations, such as Apache; and 
other independent software engineers. 
Each Java specification is given a number, 
called a Java Specification Request (JSR). 

Java EE 6 will prune, for instance, 
the JAX-RPC specification (JSR 101) for 
delivering a Web service, a function 
delivered from one computer to another 
over a network, such as the Web. JAX- 
RPC has been supplanted by the JAX- 
WS (JSR 224), which performs the same 
function, only better. But APIs such as 
JAX-RPC have to remain in the invento- 
ry, said Sun's Chinnici, the specification 
team co-lead for JSR 316, the overarch- 
ing specification for Java EE 6. 

"These APIs made it into the plat- 
form because they seemed to have been 
the answer at that time, but they are not 
something developers should look at for 
new development," said Chinnici, in an 
SD Times interview. Pruning, he contin- 
ued, means that Sun would recommend 
that developers use JAX-WS rather than 

JAX-RPC, and that application server 
vendors would probably not include 
JAX-RPC in their Java EE 6-based prod- 
ucts if they determined their customers 
would not need it. 

Java EE 6 will reduce the problem of 
bloat by including what Sun calls "Web 
profiles," a set of technologies designed 
for developing particular applications 
delivered over the Internet. 

"Knowing that a large number of 
developers who do Java EE use it most- 
ly for Web applications, we want to 
deliver a Web profile that addresses 
their needs more directly but is still part 
of the EE family," Chinnici said. "A lot 
of these developers end up not using 
some of the technologies that today are 
in the platform, and that's fine. But I 
think the Web profile gives them some- 
thing more targeted." 


While the Web profile approach brings 
modularity into Java EE 6, Sun's solu- 
tion "is too little, too late," said Burton 
Group's Manes. 

In contrast, she pointed to Apache 
Tomcat, the Apache implementation of 
two Java EE technologies: Java Servlet, 
for extending the functionality of a Web 
server; and JavaServer Pages, for creating 


Despite its claimed improvement in ease of use, Java EE 5 received 
a mixed response from the market. Sun Microsystems is trying to 
make the platform more modular in Java EE 6, which is expected to 
be released in the fourth quarter. Roberto Chinnici, who leads the 
Sun Java EE team, explained some of the company's guiding princi- 
ples as they apply to Java EE 6, during a keynote address at JavaOne 2008: 


• Rightsizing "means making the plat- 
form the right size for you," Chinnici 

• Extensibility supports more open- 
source, third-party libraries, frame- 
works and tools that work with Java. 

• Pruning designates certain APIs and 
other specifications as outdated or 
superseded by other ones; develop- 

dynamic Web content. Although those 
will be included in EE 6, they're already 
available in Tomcat, Manes noted. 

"There are a lot of people who've 
been developing apps based on that pro- 
file, before it was a standard [EE 6] pro- 
file," she added. 

Also, the Web profile so far is the only 
one in Java EE 6 that, even if it does 
address the needs of most EE developers 
writing Web applications, doesn't serve 
people trying to develop other applica- 
tions. EE 6 could also use a profile for Web 
services, back-end transactional applica- 
tions or messaging services, Manes said. 

ers of new applications should ignore 
the pruned specs. 

• Profiles refer to collections of APIs 
selected for a particular application 
server role, such as a Web server. 
Other profiles for telecom, messag- 
ing, transactions or other applica- 
tions could be created through the 
Java Specification Reguest process. 
-Robert Mullins 

In his JavaOne presentation, Chinni- 
ci said that profiles could be added by 
filing a new JSR for each. He gave the 
example of a telecommunications profile 
that would integrate the Session Initia- 
tion Protocol used in VoIP and instant 
messaging into an application that would 
be developed on Java EE 6. 

Burton Group's criticism of Java EE 
stands in marked contrast to the group's 
glowing praise of Java SE 6, introduced 
in late 2006. 

"Java SE is a phenomenal platform," 
Manes said in a recent SD Times inter- 
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Software Development Times . June 15, 2008 



Can EE 6 relieve Java bloat? 

< continued from page 31 

view. "It's more popular now 
than ever before. It is the most 
popular programming language 
and will remain so for a very 
long time." 

According to Sun, the desk- 
top-focused Java SE 6 removed 
more than 300 bugs, improved 
native graphical user interface 
integrations, dealt more easily 
with XML, enhanced applica- 
tion performance by an estimat- 
ed 15 percent compared with 
SE 5 and added the ability to 
monitor running applications. 

Sun issued a beta release of 
Java SE 6 update 10 in April, 
and the company launched Java 
SE for Business, a revised sup- 
port program that lengthens to 
15 years the paid SE support 
enterprises can get from Sun. At 
JavaOne, the company released 
an open-source Java Develop- 
ment Kit (JDK) for SE 6. 

So, why is Java SE great and 
Java EE a failure? Manes argued 
that Sun needed to start battling 
bloat sooner. "Sun should have 
adopted the model of profiling 
EE about five years ago. If they 
had done that then, I suspect 
that EE would still be lean and 
mean and very popular." 

But Sun said it is also offer- 
ing modularity to simplify Java 
EE in its own application serv- 
er, GlassFish. JavaOne featured 
a technology preview of version 
3, which starts with a tiny 98KB 
kernel download, onto which 
modular components can be 
added depending on the appli- 
cation being deployed. 

"I don't think 'bloat' and 
'98K' are words you use in the 
same sentence," Sun's Green 
said at the conference. 

While Sun has its critics, it 
has its defenders, too. 

"Java EE 6 looks like a pretty 
radical overhaul and likely to 
make enough of a change that it 
will keep Java EE relevant," said 
SpringSource CEO Johnson, 
who added that his company will 
certify a new version of its Spring 
platform on EE 6 early next year. 

What's more, Sun has anoth- 
er friend in Brian Eubanks, the 
owner of Build Software, a soft- 
ware development, training and 
consulting firm, and author of 
the 2005 book "Wicked Java 
Code," which details the multi- 
ple APIs and other intricacies 
of Java. 

"I did it for the love of Java," 
Eubanks said of the book. 

Java EE may be bloated and 

complex, he said, but Java EE 5 
did make some important im- 
provements for which Sun and 
the JCP should be applauded. 
For example, the annotations 
feature lets developers hit a few 
keystrokes that represent larger 

sections of code that are quickly 
added without having to type the 
code manually. EE 5 also better 
defines metadata, the "data 
about the data," which makes it 
easier to manage data in devel- 
oping or running an application. 

But the best thing about 
Java isn't the language but the 
core design feature of the Java 
platform, expressed in the 
"write once, run anywhere" 
mantra that has defined Java 
since Sun introduced it in 1995. 

It's the Java Virtual Machine — 
the component of the Java plat- 
form that makes it possible to 
run a Java application on any 
operating system — that still 
impresses Eubanks the most. 

"The JVM is by far the most 
powerful and most exciting part 
of it. You can run the code any- 
where," he said. I 


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. Software Development Times . June 15, 2008 . 


Todays cloud forecast: sunny 

Cloud computing is becoming so popular as a discussion topic that 
weathercasters may suffer a shortage of cloud graphics for their 
maps. All the best ones will be taken by technology marketing materials. 

As demand for computing capacity grows but funding to add capacity 
shrinks, enterprises seek alternatives. The cloud premise promises that 
instead of running their own data centers, businesses can plug into some- 
one else's massive infrastructure — like Amazon's or Google's. Why rent 
when you can buy? 

Google was the latest to put its head in the clouds, officially launching 
its App Engine service at the Google I/O conference last month. Users 
can develop a software application for free and host it for free on 
Google's IT infrastructure, unless it needs more than 500MB of storage 
or enjoys more than 5 million page views a month; at that point, hosting 
would cost money. As an indication of interest in cloud computing, 
Google initially sought to limit use of App Engine to 10,000, just to be 
able to manage the fledgling program, but quickly accumulated a waiting 
list of 150,000. It relented and invited all comers to sign up. 

Google certainly is not alone. was one of the first, selling 
compute time along with its books, CDs, digital cameras and other mer- 
chandise through its Elastic Compute Cloud service. The much smaller, which began by hosting sales force automation applica- 
tions over the Internet, launched earlier this year to help 
develop and host applications in its cloud. 

A Yankee Group research report identified 27 companies as vendors 
of one kind or another in cloud computing. That's a lot of cloud graphics 
that your local TV weatherman won't be able to use. 

Cloud computing is prompting other companies to develop related ser- 
vices. Informatica, which helps businesses organize, secure and extract val- 
ue from data, was expected to launch a cloud-related service at a user con- 
ference held June 3 in Las Vegas. The cloud will just be one more place 
where a company keeps its data. An Informatica media briefing slide pre- 
sentation used up 10 cloud graphics. And that's just one company. 

And cloud computing is not just for startups without the money to 
build their own data center. Enterprises are the No. 1 user of cloud com- 
puting services, according to Yankee. They might not use it for mission- 
critical production applications, but they are going to the cloud to run 
certain IT projects. 

Given the activity on the cloud computing front and the participation 
of players like Amazon and Google, the forecast seems downright sunny. 

Snapshots of history 

As the newspaper of record for the software development industry, 
SD Times has seen a lot of changes since its launch in 2000. Our very 
first issue coincided with Sun's release of Java 2 Micro Edition. We've 
chronicled the launch of the .NET Framework, the rise of multicore pro- 
cessing, the foundation of Eclipse and the whole sordid SCO affair. 
When you look back over the past 200 issues of the newspaper, there's a 
lot of history. 

History wouldn't be history, of course, without the meteoric rise and 
tragic fall of its players. Thus, the saga of WebGain, encapsulated within 
the pages of SD Times. Technology empires have been born, flourished 
and been acquired, often by the voracious IBM and Oracle. The old has 
become new again, as Apple rose like the Phoenix from the ashes. The 
new has challenged the old, as Google came from nowhere to trouble the 
mighty Microsoft. 

We look back at the past 200 issues of SD Times on pages 20 and 21. 
Some of the news we've covered seems so unimportant now: Who really 
cares about the XML alliance formed by eXcelon and CSI USA? Other 
trends were vital, such as the creation of UML 2.0 and the struggle to 
dominate server virtualization. 

We hope you enjoy our retrospective as much as we enjoyed creating it. I 

Drag .NET 

I had two weeks to secure my home 
against a second burglary. Local 
youths or, as the responding officer 
called them, "punk kids," had been 
breaking into dark houses, drinking the 
liquor, and stealing whatever cash and 
small valuables were lying around. We 
had been madly fortunate in that as the 
lock had been jimmied free from the 
door, the burglar's tool — a 
small screwdriver, judging by 
the wood scars — had lost 
leverage before the last of 
the screw threads had pulled 
free. Apparently, the burglars 
had moved on to easier tar- 
gets, not realizing how close 
they were to getting in. 

My resulting journey into 
the world of home security 

was a painful reminder of 

what it's like to be a consumer, not a pro- 
ducer, of technology solutions. Two of the 
most humble artifacts in software devel- 
opment are the glossary and the simple 
flowcharts that illustrate the highest-level 
views of the system. Developers and user 
representatives are so close to their sys- 
tems that they become deaf to the densi- 
ty of acronyms and the overloading of 
general-purpose words with connotations 
specific to the system. For instance, with 
the Insteon protocol, "senders" and 
"receivers" are used, while other protocols 
have "sources" and "sinks," an under- 
standing that's important because 
"receivers" are perfectly capable of send- 
ing out acks and nacks. The lack of a sim- 
ple flowchart for "pairing" the automation 
appliances was terribly frustrating, but the 
utility of such a diagram would probably 
be lost on someone who had learned the 
operation months or years earlier. 

A variety of technologies can add secu- 
rity to a house (the technology of "dog" 
having been thoroughly diluted in recent 
months by irresponsible neighbors who 
had trained the neighborhood to under- 
stand that dogs barking meant either that 
the sun was present, or possibly not). Our 
neighbors pay a fee for ineffective remote 
monitoring of door and window sensors, 
and I thought that I could harness some 
surplus CPU cycles to create a decent sys- 
tem. Surely the tying together of motion 
sensors, video cameras, alarm horns and 
the Internet (for receiving messages on 
cell phones and monitoring the imagery 
before calling the cops) was a solved prob- 
lem. Again, this is familiar to me "from the 
other side." The difficulty clients have is 
understanding that, no, it's not a solved 
problem, and solving it for the first time 
will take a good deal of time and effort. 


My wife and I were heading for vacation 
in two weeks, which introduced a serious 
time constraint, particularly since we live 
in Hawaii and package deliveries take 


several days. Home security technology 
falls under the rubric of "home automa- 
tion," and there are a handful of tech- 
nologies from which to choose. By far the 
most established is X10, but it has a bad 
reputation for reliable signaling. Z-Wave 
and ZigBee seemed to have few products 
in the channel, while Insteon seemed to 
have quite a few and also boasted XI 
compatibility. So I ordered two 
motion detectors, an Insteon- 
controlled outlet controller, 
and an Insteon- USB linking 
unit. In so doing, I locked 
myself into a technology stack 
in a manner that probably 
would strike a person knowl- 
edgeable in the field as unfor- 
givably ill-informed. 

I also headed over to the 
local big box store to investigate 
security cameras, which are a world unto 
themselves. I was impressed by the per- 
formance of the three wireless cameras in 
the $150 bundle but was stymied at the 
receiving end. Although my graphics card 
had TV-in capabilities, it also had notori- 
ously cranky drivers, and I could not get 
the video cameras to display. As a quick 
alternative, I tried to convert my existing 
Webcam into a security system. Home-, still in beta, looked to be 
exactly what I was seeking. Basically you 
run an ActiveX control, and images are 
pulled from it in response to your 
requests when you're logged in remotely. 
Seemingly better still, scene-based 
motion detection is used to trigger events, 
sending you an SMS and beginning 
recording. Unfortunately, the system isn't 
quite there: I never received the phone 
messages, and the motion detector 
proved overly sensitive to dawn, dusk and 
other changes in lighting. 

When the Insteon units came, I quick- 
ly found out that the software I'd bought 
was not only unpolished and inflexible, 
but it was also burdened with a clunky 
registration process and locked its license 
to my hardware. In a few hours, I found 
OSS foundations for a much better expe- 
rience. Being able to open up Visual Stu- 
dio, import a few COM libraries and start 
reacting to signals from my motion detec- 
tors with phone and e-mail messages, 
Webcam activation, and greatly amplified 
"Intruder alert!" sounds constituted the 
type of control over technology that is 
denied to most users. 

A great deal of home automation 
hardware and software seems devoted to 
controlling lawn sprinklers and home 
theater lighting. That doesn't particular- 
ly interest me, but a few months ago, on 
Hack-A-Day, there was an article on an 
Arduino-controlled espresso maker. 

Larry O'Brien is a technology consul- 
tant, analyst and writer Read his hlog at 
www. knowing, net. 

. Software Development Times . June 15, 2008 . 



Reclaiming the ESB 

The enterprise service bus was a term 
coined by industry leaders to 
describe a new type of middleware, one 
characterized by a focus on services and 
service-oriented architecture. 

At the time, I had been working on 
XML, Web services and integration at the 
IBM Hursley laboratory, which is the 
home of the MQSeries (now WebSphere 
MQ) product. I spoke with a lot 
of customers who were in the 
early days of integrating J2EE 
with other systems. One of the 
strong themes that we heard 
was that leading customers 
were moving from opaque data 
formats to well-defined XML 
messages with uniform schema. 

The move was from binary 
and delimited formats, such as 
CSV, to structured and stan- 
dardized data interactions. It was really a 
move from message-oriented to service- 
oriented. By pushing a common format 
throughout the enterprise, the architec- 
ture forced three key outcomes: 

• Simplicity of integration. The integra- 
tion layer is straightforward and uniform. 

• Flexibility to restructure, merge or 
demerge. Any system could connect or be 
replaced if it had the uniform interface. 

• Compartmentalization. Each applica- 
tion provider owned the job of dealing 
with its proprietary model, and no one 
outside that group needed to know 

Paul Fremantle 

about the internals of the system. 

This was what we now call SO A. The 
idea of a uniform communications system 
with every party talking in a common for- 
mat in which anyone could connect to 
anyone else would describe a "bus." 

Since then, many companies have 
come out with enterprise service buses, 
but they do not encourage the model I've 
described. Effectively, most 
of the products on the market 
called ESBs encourage a cen- 
tralized integration platform. 
What is the difference 
between this model and the 
ESB one I discussed above? 
Fundamentally it's that the 
conversion from internal for- 
mats and models to the com- 
mon uniform model happens 
in the center — in the bus — 
and is not owned by the application own- 
ers. This is an anti-SOA pattern. The most 
important aspect of SOA is ownership. 
The point of a service provider is it takes 
full ownership of the problem domain. 

If I have to send COBOL commarea 
messages to a Customer Information 
Control System mainframe application 
using a special gateway that talks SNA 
(Systems Network Archiecture), then that 
is not a cleanly encapsulated service. Pro- 
viding a centralized broker that encour- 
ages users to keep their existing middle- 
ware and protocols makes life easy, but it 

How many licks does it take? DATA WATCH 

The answer to the age-old question, "How 
many licks does it take to get to the Tootsie 
Roll center of a Tootsie Pop?" reveals two 
indisputable truths. The first is that the SD 
Times editors are in a silly 200th-issue 
mood. The second is that statistics aren't all 
that they're cracked up to be: Just because 
you can measure something doesn't mean 
that the measurement is meaningful. 

The famous commercial for the Tootsie 
Roll Pop candy debuted in 1970, posing the 
question above. The answer was always 
"three," because the wise Mr. Owl crunched 
the candy instead. 

Our methodology, devised by senior con- 
fectionary researcher Erin Broadhurst, was 

more rigorous, requiring participants to lick 
the candy as many times as it took to con- 
sume all the hard-candy coating and reach 
the Tootsie Roll in the middle. Indeed, partic- 
ipants were warned to lick only. At no time 
were they allowed to suck on the pop or bite 
into it. To ensure scientific rigor, participants 
had to count every lick. They were not 
allowed to estimate or extrapolate. 

As you can see from the chart, results 
varied widely. We wonder about the individu- 
als who achieved a suspiciously even 600 and 
2,000 licks. And we are amazed at the tenac- 
ity of the sucker who counted up to 6,682. 

Further reading: "How to Lie with Statis- 
tics," by Darrell Huff. 

Source: SD Times editorial staff 

doesn't help foster SOA. Instead, it forces 
a central ESB team to deal with every 
application, format and protocol in the 

So where did it all go wrong? Well, 
think back and remember that when the 
SOA and ESB terms were launched, the 
predominant integration product was 
the Enterprise Application Integration 
(EAI) hub. The vendors of those prod- 
ucts were largely caught on the hop. 

Gartner and other industry analysts 
started telling the market that an ESB 
was essential integration middleware, 
but those companies lacked an ESB to 
sell. So they quickly added some XML 
and Web service adapters into their EAI 
hub and branded it as an ESB. As a 
result, the market has been swayed 
extraordinarily by a set of products that 
encourages centralized integration. 
Think of Web services as lipstick and the 
EAI hub as a nice little porker. 

If you look at the original picture of an 
ESB, it's not clear that you need any 
"ESB" product to implement it. In that 
story, the ESB was a virtual construct 
made up of the applications communicat- 
ing via a uniform set of protocols and 
schemas. That was the approach support- 
ed by the REST model. Yet, there is a 
place for runtime support for your ESB. 

Here is my simple list of facilities in 
an ESB runtime that encourage SOA: 

Message routing and distribu- 
tion. The applications shouldn't need 
hard-coded destinations for messages or 
services. The ESB can help in two ways: 
by supporting virtualization (mapping 
logical destinations to real destinations) 
and by supporting event architectures, 
where the publisher doesn't need to 
know about the subscribers. 

Management. The ESB should pro- 
vide a common set of management capa- 
bilities that yield a common view of all 
services and endpoints. 

Excellent support for the Web 
architecture. The ESB should encour- 
age good use of HTTP and the Web. 

XML performance. If the ESB is 
going to help manage and route XML 
messages, then it must do so with a mini- 
mum of overhead. It has to be much more 
scalable than the applications to which it 
is talking. Fundamentally this promotes 
two key technical requirements: non- 
blocking I/O and Streaming XML. 

Security control. Managing distrib- 
uted security is a problem in SOA, and 
augmenting application security with a 
set of central security controls is essential 
in an enterprise infrastructure. 

All those features can be handled in 
either a distributed or centralized fashion. 

It's time to reclaim the idea of the 
ESB to what it should be — a distributed 
network of services universally accessi- 
ble using standard protocols and well- 
defined interfaces. I 

Paul Fremantle is co-founder and CTO 
of WS02, which makes open-source 
Web services middleware. 


i ■"!■ I'-O.iij v Hmsp^Hf far Lflllrttrt Lfeic up n-crt. Noieqc n 

Software Development Times 
Issue No. 200 
June 15, 2008 


Editorial Director 

Alan Zeichick 

alan @bzmedia. com 

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Contributing Writers 

Mary Jo Foley 
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Sales & Marketing 

Publisher Associate Publisher 

Ted Bahr David Lyman 

+1-631-421-4158 xlOl +1-978-465-2351 

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Northwest U.S./ 

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pmiller@bzmedia. com 

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Source: Powered by data from IMS-The Auditor, Toronto, December 2007 

As Published in Media Business, February 2008 


Southwest U.S./Asia 

Northwest U.S./Canada 

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Eastern Canada 

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The Industry Newspaper for Software Development Managers 

, Software Development Times . June 15, 2008 



Are mashups SOA? 

It does not take a rocket scientist to 
understand that mashups are moving 
from something conceptual and fun to 
productive and businesslike. In fact, 
developers are leveraging mashups to 
solve all sorts of business problems. The 
speed for production and the value of 
these little applications are compelling. 

However, two factors must also be 
considered: the mixing and matching of 
resources found on the Web and/or 
within the enterprise and the true com- 
posite application, such as the one 
defined in SOA. Thus, mashups are 
indeed SOA, and SOA includes 

While the concept of mashups is still 
developing, clearly the solution patterns 
are becoming more sophisticated, as 
they now combine the up-and-coming 
concepts behind SOA. To that end, two 
types of mashups are surfacing: visual 
and non-visual. 

Visual mashups are familiar to us, as 
we mash Google Maps with a sex offend- 
er database or a real-time stock ticker 
with a portfolio manager. The value is 
there; take two resources and create 
something more useful than the applica- 
tions would offer separately. It's kind of 
a 1 + 1=3 thing. 

Visual mashups provide the ability 
to change the manner in which a visual 
interface behaves by mashing it up 

with other content or services. 

While visual mashups are typically 
Web-site-to-Web-site, we are seeing 
more of the Web-site-to-enterprise 
(SOA) variety these days. Examples 
would include a mashup of Google 
Earth with your sales figures or your 
sales figures with your logistics system. 

Non-visual mashups 

involve the mashing up of two 
or more services to create a 
combined application, or 
integration point to service a 
business process. What's 
unique is that they may not 
externalize anything to a user 
interface. In essence, they 
operate behind the scenes, 
but they are mashups 

Non-visual mashups are the mashing 
up of two or more services that create a 
composite and do not leverage a user 
interface or other visual properties. 

Examples would include mashing up 
a stream of customer addresses with an 
address validation service, or mashing 
up a stream of social security numbers 
with a credit check service. Each non- 
visual mashup perhaps is sending excep- 
tions off to another stream or queue for 
processing later, or maybe to other 
mashups. This is simple, and I bet you 
can think of even more complex and 

valuable non-visual mashups for your 
own enterprise using your SOA services, 
externally hosted services, or a combina- 
tion of the two. 


Thus, when talking about mashups in 
the context of architecture, you're typi- 
cally discussing SOA. In fact, 
mashups are one of the most 
successful aspects of SOA. 
The use of mashups is 
exploding now, offering the 
best proof point of SOA. 
However, some people are 
resisting that relationship. 

If you're talking about 
Webby applications, then 
perhaps WOA, or Web-ori- 
ented architecture, is a bet- 
ter term. It doesn't matter to me, as 
long as we're discussing the use of 
Web-based and enterprise-based 
resources and services that are knitted 
together to form a solution. Or, more 
important, we're talking about 
resources and services that provide the 
ability to re-create the solution (the 
composite) without a lot of latency — in 
essence, adding the notion of agility, a 
core benefit of SOA. 

Most who build mashups don't think 
of it as SOA. However, the core notions 
of SOA and WOA are clearly working 

when considering mashups. I view 
mashups as a mechanism that proves the 
SOA concept. As time goes on, the con- 
cept of mashups will morph into tradi- 
tional development and become part of 
the architecture. 

While mashups are indeed an innov- 
ative way to build cool applications 
from many available resources, both 
visual and non-visual, they are still 
composite applications. While I'm see- 
ing mashups that are completely Web- 
hosted, I'm seeing more and more that 
are a mix of Web and enterprise 
resources, as well as those that are true 
"enterprise mashups." 

While mashups did not emerge from 
the core concepts of SOA, they indeed 
provide some core SOA mechanisms, 

• The ability to place volatility into a sin- 
gle domain, thus allowing for changes 
and for agility. 

• The ability to leverage services, both 
for information and behavior. 

• The ability to bind together many 
back-end systems, making new and 
innovative uses of those systems. 

This, however, does not mean that 
mashups are not innovative; clearly 
they are. Moreover, it does not mean 
that mashups are not extensions of the 
core notion of SOA. Remember, SOA 
is not a term, but rather an architec- 
ture pattern. I 

Reach analyst David S. Linthicum at 
david@linthicumgroup. com. 

Rx for unit testing: Use with moderation 

Of all the good things the agile revo- 
lution has brought to software 
development, the most important is unit 
testing. Developers who become test- 
enamored generally report immediate 

• Code is better written. When made as 
testable as possible, code generally 
becomes more reliable and easier to 

• Less time is spent debugging because 
code can be tested as it's written. So, 
there are no nasty surprises later. 
Rather, large sets of changes can be 
made with confidence that they will 
work, not with a sense of trepidation. 

• Managers have a truer sense of a proj- 
ect's development timeline. In the old 
days, if the schedule called for six weeks 
of coding and three weeks of testing and 
debugging, you had no way of knowing 
how much more testing and recoding 
were in store after coding had been 

However, unit testing gives you con- 
fidence that there will be few surprises 
after the initial coding period. Sure, 
there will probably be some modifica- 
tions, but not the type of vast rewriting 
that reverberates through many other 
modules and functions. In sum, you get 

better code and a diminished need to 
debug. Ultimately, you have a good 
sense of where you are in relation to 
timelines and project delivery from a 
practice that does not cost much in time. 

You would think that a technique that 
delivers so much and that has excellent 
free tools to support it would 
be widely embraced. And, in 
fact, that's what I thought — 
until a few weeks ago. But 
several data points now raise 
concerns. The first came from 
Ivan Moore, the author of 
Jester, a tool I covered in my 
column titled "Integrate, then 
mutilate, your code" (June 15, 
2007, page 37). Jester exam- 
ines your code and, through 
various tricks, tries to determine if 
you've overlooked a test that could be 
important. When I met Moore at the 
CitCon conference last year, he told me 
he had discontinued work on Jester, 
because the number of sites that really 
cared about the qualitative extent of 
their unit tests was so small that there 
was virtually no point refining the prod- 
uct for their use. 

Then came the news that tool vendor 
Agitar, whose entire fate hinged on the 

Integration Watch 

adoption of unit testing, was closing 
down. The company had excellent prod- 
ucts for unit testing and even offered a 
free service that would generate unit 
tests for your code. Despite great tools 
and free services and a dynamic advo- 
cate in founder Alberto Savoia, Agitar 
folded because, according to 
CEO Jerry Rudisin, "the mar- 
ket we served was just not big 

So neither a single paying 
business with no direct com- 
petition nor a freeware tool 
could attract enough support 
to keep going. That's disap- 
pointing. But other factors 
were also at work: Estab- 
lished Java developers were 
discouraging or complaining about unit 
tests. For example, Cay Horstmann, a 
professor at San Jose State University 
and a co-author of the excellent two-vol- 
ume Java tutorial "Core Java," said 
recently that he does not unit-test much. 
Because many others don't either, he 
observed, "If so many experienced 
developers don't write unit tests, what 
does that say?" My question is that if you 
tie in the failure rate of projects done by 
those developers and then ask the ques- 

tion, what does it say? I was surprised to 
see anyone argue against more testing of 

Part of the problem might be the per- 
ception that writing unit tests steals time 
from coding. Consider, for example, this 
comment from Howard Lewis Ship, the 
highly regarded founder of the Tapestry 
Web framework: "I'm losing some faith 
in unit testing, or at least busywork unit 
testing relative to integration testing." 
He goes on to state that he still believes 
in unit testing, but he would like to lim- 
it what he writes tests for. 

There is no doubt that unit testing 
can be overdone. Some mistaken afi- 
cionados feel it's imperative to test 100% 
of code. (No major proponent of unit 
testing agrees with that view.) And the 
test-driven development folks also may 
contribute to the confusion about what 
to test by insisting that everything be 
tested even before code is written. 

Naturally, there needs to be sensible 
moderation. But it's crucial to under- 
stand that time spent writing tests does 
not generally extend a project; rather, 
that time is recouped from the testing 
and debugging phases. Managers and 
developers who understand that will be 
richly rewarded. I 

Andrew Binstock is the principal analyst 
at Pacific Data Works. Read his hlog at 
binstock. hlogspot. com. 



Software Development Times . June 15, 2008 . 


favorite music, 
TiVo your fav- 
orite television 
shows and Open- 
Table your fav- 
orite restaurants. 
When are all 
these services going to get together and 
give you the kind of Internet that you, 
and only you, like? 

The idea of an "Implicit Internet" 
was one of the technology trends debat- 
ed by venture capitalists at a Churchill 
Club forum on May 14 in San Jose. Josh 
Kopelman, managing partner at First 
Round Capital, argued that "the silos are 
coming down" and that sharing the 
information accumulated by iTunes, 
TiVo or Google would sharpen prefer- 
ences for Web users and enhance the 
advertising model for the Web. 

Roger McNamee, co-founder of Ele- 
vation Partners, warned that the securi- 
ty issues are "profound" and that a pri- 
vacy breach would discredit the 
advertising model and "reset the Inter- 
net economy." But Vinod Khosla of 
Khosla Ventures scoffed at the security 
worries. He needs an assistant to sort 
his e-mail, and he said that the "data 
reduction" benefit of an Internet that 
knows what he wants would be worth 
any privacy trade-off. 

— Robert Mullins 


fere nee, held at the end of May in San 
Francisco, was medium-interesting. 
There were solid technical classes on 
App Engine and neat demonstrations of 
the Android mobile-phone software 
stack. There were lots of discussions 
about social networks and the virtuous 
cycle among compelling new applica- 


tions, new users and advertising, which 
in turn funds new applications. 

What was missing from Google I/O 
was a compelling vision beyond "more of 
the same." I came away informed, but 
not inspired, by Google's three-fold mis- 
sion: to make the cloud more accessible, 
keep connectivity pervasive and make 
the client more powerful. In all of these, 
Google is evolutionary, not revolutionary. 
That's not to discount the impact that 
Google's entry into cloud computing will 
have. At the con- 
ference, Google 
unleashed the 
tiger, making its 
App Engine gen- 
erally available to 
its customers. The pricing model — free 
for as many as 5 million page views per 
month — is compelling for those wanting 
to try out ideas. The technology appears 
solid. The APIs are very approachable. 
And, as with Amazon's programmable 
platform, anyone can use the applica- 
tions that you build. (Salesforce. corn's 
hosting model is geared toward provid- 
ing third-party applications for their 
paying CRM customers.) 

Google's App Engine is going to get 
traffic; of that there's no doubt. That is 
going to be a catalyst for seriously con- 
sidering the cloud as a deployment plat- 
form for enterprise applications of all 
kinds. Even when a company has a full- 
featured Internet data center, some apps 
may lend themselves better to Google's 
hosted platform. Thanks to Amazon and 
Google, the cloud is now a genuine plat- 
form that bears serious consideration for 
new projects. — Alan Zeichick 


phone-as-a-platform model is taking off, 
with word from Google that Android- 

based phones could be out by the end of 
this year. It may well be that in a couple 
of years, the market for mobile devices 
becomes pretty much a three-way 
horserace, with Apple's iPhone duking it 
out with Android and Windows 
Mobile holding its own. The 
big losers are likely to be those 
companies and customers that 
have pinned their hopes on 
Symbian, which lacks the "in- 
stant community" that a plat- 
form backed by Apple or 
Google seems to attract. Even 
adopting Linux as a core plat- 
form may not be enough to save the day 
for the likes of Motorola and Palm. 

— RJ. Connolly 


sixth D: All Things Digital conference in 
Carlsbad, Calif., on May 27, outgoing 
Microsoft chairman Bill Gates and CEO 
Steve Ballmer showed off a new touch- 
screen interface 
that they said 
would make its 
debut in Windows 
7. Microsoft in- 
tends to deliver 
the technology in 
Windows notebooks, in all-in-one PCs 
and in external monitors. 

Windows 7's "multi-touch" capabili- 
ties are derived from Microsoft's Surface 
prototype — a tabletop interface that is 
best suited for kiosks and bars. Portable 
devices like the iPhone doubtlessly ben- 
efit from "touch," but would a desktop 
PC? Call me a curmudgeon, I'm not 
convinced that Microsoft is not just 
overreaching again (think Tablet PC). 

I hope for its sake that Windows 7 has 
more viable selling points. 

— David Worthington 

business briefs 

Coverity plans to acquire Codefast, a provider of object-oriented 
build automation and management products, Coverity said. The 
deal would mark Coverity's first acquisition, and company execu- 
tives said Codefast's PerfectBuild product would be enhanced 
because it could work with Coverity's Software DNA Map analysis 
system . . . VMware reached a definitive agreement to acquire B- 
hive Networks, an application performance management software 
company in San Mateo, Calif. VMware executives said the combi- 
nation would offer performance management and service-level 
reporting for applications running within VMware virtual machines 
on servers and desktops . . . Automated testing solutions provider 
Green Hat intends to acquire Solstice Software, which makes 
SOA testing products, Green Hat said. London-based Green Hat 
said the deal would help the company's expansion into North 
America and create one of the largest specialist SOA testing com- 
panies in the world . . . Blackbaud, a Charleston, S.C.-based sup- 
plier of software for nonprofit and government organizations, said 
it will spend US$46 million to acquire Kintera, a San Diego-based 
company that also builds software for nonprofit organizations. 
Blackbaud executives said the purchase would help expand the 

company's offerings online and in other areas, since the two com- 
panies had served different market segments. 

EARNINGS: NetApp announced revenue of US$938 million in the 
fourth quarter of fiscal year 2008, an increase of 17% from $801 
million for the year-earlier quarter. Net income for the quarter was 
$90 million, flat from the $90 million reported the year before. 
Revenue for the fiscal year totaled $3.3 billion, up from $2.8 billion 
for fiscal 2007 . . . reported revenue of US$247.6 
million for its fiscal first quarter ending April 30, a jump of 52% 
from the year-ago period. Subscription and support revenue 
totaled $225.3 million, an increase of 53% from the year before, 
and professional services revenue was $22.3 million, a 51% jump 
from the previous year . . . Dell had fiscal first-quarter revenue of 
US$16.08 billion, up 9% from the same quarter a year earlier. Net 
income was $785 million, a 4% rise from $756 million the year 
before . . . Magic Software, a provider of application development 
and deployment products, had first-quarter revenue of US$15.1 mil- 
lion, a 9% jump from $13.8 million for the year-ago quarter. Net 
profit was $52,000, down from $1 million the year before. I 

eBay Developers 


June 16-18 

USENIX 2008 


June 22-27 

Software Industry July 17-19 




Dr. Dobbs Architecture 
& Design World 


July 21-24 

Open Source Convention July 21-25 

Portland, Oregon 

Entity Data Management July 22-23 

New York 

Black Hat USA 

Las Vegas 

August 2-7 

Conference & Expo 

San Francisco 

August 4-7 

Agile 2008 



August 4-8 

ESRI International 
User Conference 

San Diego 

August 4-8 

SHARE 2008 

San Jose 

August 10-15 


Los Angeles 

August 11-15 

Intel Developer Forum August 19-21 

San Francisco 

Software Test & September 24-26 
Performance Conference 


EclipseWorld 2008 

Reston, Va. 

October 28-30 

For a more complete calendar of U.S. software 
development events, see 
Information is subject to change. Send news about 
upcoming events to 

Software Development Times (ISSN 1528-1965) is published 24 times per year by BZ Media LLC, 7 High St., Ste. 407, Huntington, NY 11743. Periodicals postage paid at Huntington, NY, and additional offices. SD Times is a registered trademark of BZ Media LLC. All contents © 2008 BZ Media LLC. 
All rights reserved. The price of a one-year subscription is US$179 for subscribers in the U.S., $189 in Canada, $229 elsewhere. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to SD Times, PO Box 2169, Skokie, IL 60076. SD Times subscriber services may be reached at or by calling +1-847-763-9692. 



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