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Moy Editorial 


Let me Say a big “HOWDY!” to all of you! I sure hope 
vour April and May hasn’t been as busy as amine! I wish I 
could have a few sore hours tacked on to each day so I could 
‘ust keep up! The RAMTOP is late this month due to the 
voaputer Fest, relatives coming for several days, and ay 
“razy work schecule’ This will not be a trend if I can help 
.t! Sending your articles on Tasword has been a great help 
to @e as well as gaking the newsletter look better and pack 
wore information. KEEP ON SENDING THOSE GREAT ARTICLE’ As 
vou well know, YOUR articles are what keep this publication 
stive and well! Enough said, on to the aatters at hand. 

The Cincinnati Computer Fest was absolutely GREAT!!! I¢ 
“hey have another one (1’a pretty sure they will) you should 
vO at all cost! My only real regret was that I could only go 
or one cay! (Sat.) I was also rather disapointed that 
cobody frog the John Qliger Co. was able to make it. I know 
‘hat 1 would have purchased his disc system right then! (J 
ordered it anyway) I never saw so auch NEAT computer stuf in 
ane place betore! It was just like computer heaven aust be! 
it’s a good thiag that I didn’t take a lot of aoney or I 
would be broke now. As it was I bought a DSDD disc drive and 
a bunch of software. 

Let se tell you, a LOT of soney changed hands! Of course 
we all know that a dollar for Sinclair products goes such 
further that for other computer systems! I would have to say 
that one of the biggest hits there was the QL. Many were 
sclc anc gany orcers were taken. I sagan when you think of 
it, it’s hard to believe that you can get computer that has 
high res craphics, 32 bit, cicro drives(TWO) built in, and 
auch gore, AND inclu¢ing - high res color aonitor, AND a 
high quality printer with graphics and letter quality sode 
for well under $1000 bucks! To top it off, they throw in a 
Great software package that is worth practicly the cost {or 
sore) of the ~cametor for fres' f think it will be a real 
shame if the QL is dropped and not picked up by. another 
company since Amstrad doesn’t plan to continue with it. 

Disc drives were also a big hit especially since there 
are so gany to pick from now! There were also reps for aicro 
drives and practicly every supplier of Sinclair and Timex 
equipment anc software! Many user groups were there also. I 
was able to aatch up aany faces to those we have heard of 
and talked to but have never seen. I saw one of our writers, 
‘Eric Yruegas) and he is one smart guy! I also talked to Joe 
Williamson (SUM), Tow Woods, Jack Roberts (TS Connection), 
Chet Lambert (CTM) and sany others. 

We did very well at our table also. Although I don’t 
have the figures, we did have a great crowd flocking at our 
table! A BIG thanks to all of our group that eanned our 
table anc took part in preparing saterials! Also, I want to 
take @ quick gogent to thank Toby Radlott for giving ee a 
ride! 1 wouldn’t have been able tc eake it other wise. Toby, 
one of our best 1000/1500 enthusiasts, bought a 2068 with 
the Spectrum ROM and soge software and he likes it a lot! 

Gur group is on the up swing! We have several new 
geguers and several new newsletter exchanges. Our library is 
aoving ahead and hopefuly we will have several library tapes 
soon so those of you that are anxiously awaiting for a 
library tape, please be patient a bit longer. 


It was brought up at the west side meeting that several 
suppliers of software and hardware for the Sinclair line of 
computers have decided to sell products exclusively for the 
GL! I would hope that they would please realize that we who 
Own other Sinclair computers also would like to order 
products and continue to have their support for ALL the 
Sinclair line of computers! With the possible discontinu- 
ation of the QL gwaybe they will consider us iaportant once 
Bore, : 

I would also like to let all the groups that exchange 
with us as well as all the other Tigex/Sinclair groups, know 
that we feel that it would be a very good idea if we fora a 
comaon link and pool our resources to keep us strong and 
well informed. Why not drop ae a note or give ae a call sose 
evening? (216-661-4105) Janes &. BuPuy, 65/4 Bradley hve. 
(BOHR), Parsa, Ohio, 44129. 

You will find in this issue a few pictures fros the 
Fest. They are courtesy of TOM SIMON, 


Pelee « ent 5 a 
j ora oe Werte ty Se - 






Li ne MET 





- rae “ars Ti Me. 2D 
SODEMASTER ws 






L:enT SA am mat To Musit 


, OR - PORTS Lamat ewe 
MA cwADA NOP yt “TO Mw ey 







VAD DUG - Savas Amnsnany 





See a ee ee | 
This is CI believe) TON HURST, 
also at our table. 











KK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKRKAKKEKEKEKKE 
T/S RESOURCES 


KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKEK EK KK KKK EKER 


news/rumars 
hardware software literature 
May 1°86 by Andy Kosiorek 


Cincinnatti T/S Computer Fest: 
"SUPERCALAFRAGALISTIC" 


Thats my impression of the Fest. Every 
one who attended had a great time. Qn Sat. 
the crowd was elbow to elbow in the 
exhibition room. A lot of software and 
literature was sold plus some big ticket 
items such as Q@L’s and Disk Drives. I 
predict that there will be another 
Fest in 12 to 18 months. 

Qur thanks to all of our Club members 
who put in a lot of work preparing for the 
event and man- ing our table. — 

Also a “job well done" to the Cinci 
Fest Committee. They put in a lot of hours 
to make the event a big success. 

All of our Club members who 
s-auid have a lot of stories to 
the next severa: meetings. | 


attended 
tell at 


TS 2068 Technical Manual Reprint 


The reprint of the 2068 tech manual is 
now available @ $25.00 from Time Designs 
Magazines. 

It has been re-edited, known errors 
have been corrected, and contains some 
additional charts, and technical data. The 
printing and binding are very well done. A 
quality job. If your a techy type you will 
want one for your reference library. 


CF/M and Disk Drives. 


CP/M operating systems are now 
available for owners or new buyers of 
Pebra or Aerco Disk Systems. I saw both 


demonstrated in Cinci. It opens up a whole 
new world of software for 2068 users. 


FORTH: 

Another language available for our 
computers is "Forth." It is available for 
the 2068, Specrum and ZX-81. 


JOO OOOO IIE 


T/S 








KEKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKEKKKKER KKK EEK ES 
T/S RESOURCES 


KKK EKKKKKKKKKKKKRKKKKKKK KARR E KES 


. news /rumors — 
hardware software steraturd ) 
May 1986 by Andy Kosiorek 


About April 7th, at a packed press 


conference in London, Sir Clive and 
Amstrad chairman Alan Sugar announced 
that Amstrad had bought the rights to 


sell and manufacture all existing future 
Sinclair computers. 


Amstrad paid #7.9 million for the 
intellectual property rights to the 
Spectrum, ZX8i1, and Gt. In addition 
Amstrad will control the marketing of 


existing stocks and order commitments. 

The Sinclair brand name is part ot 
the deal, meaning that Sinclair 
computers will still be sold thoroughout 
the world. 

The Spectrum machines, will cover the 
low priced home market while the Amstrad 
machines cator to the higher, 
end of the market. 

The QL and all versions of the 
microdrive will be discontinued. A new 
version of the Spectrum will be offerred 
with a built in cassette deck. 

Also in the works is a Amstrad 3" 
disk drive accessory for the Spectrum. 

The ZX-81 was discintinued by 
Sinclair some time ago. 

Amstrad also has the rights to market 


future Sinclair Computers, such as the 
Fandor a, S oortable computer, 
incorperat- ing 4 development of 


Sinclair’s flat screen display. 

Peaction in the UK, from retailers 
and software houses appear favorable at 
this time. Amstrad has a good reputation 


for quality products and on time 
marketing. , 

Reaction in the USA is mixed. It 
looks like a good deal for 2048 and 


Spectrum owners. QL enthusiests however 


have reason for concern. There is talk 
that Amstrad would be willing to sell 
the manufacturing and marketing rights 


for the QL to the right buyer, but tf 
has yet to become fact. However this dia 
not seem to hurt OL sales at the Cinci 
Computer Fest. 


CATTLE RAAT TATA TT TAA ERTS 


buSLNESS ~- 





j 


EEELEEEEEEESESEEESESESESESELERES ES ES ELE 
CRACKER JACK 
EEELEREERESEEESESEESESRESESE SLES ER EEE ETE 


SECOND OF A SERIES 


Last gonth we learned about headers and wrote a header 
reader program. This month, we will use the header reader 
to help load and stop those unstoppable and unmergeable 
progrars. 7 


WHY PROGRAMS CAN'T BE STOPPED 


BASIC programs that can’t be stopped contain pokes that 
cause a crash if BREAK is pressed. Because the programs 
autostart and the pokes are contained in the first part of 
the prograp, it is extremely difficult, if not impossible 
to stop the program. The two most common pokes are POKE 
23659,@ and POKE 23613,@. Look in the systems variables 
section of the Sinclair manual for more details on these 
pokes. Other programs, in addition to being unstoppable, 
are unmergeable. Since the program can’t be merged to 
remove the crash pokes, the program has to loaded 
someyhere else in memory so that the program can be 
exagined, eodified, and rewritten. This is most easily 
cone with a “false header’. 


USTo A FALSE HEADER 


Use s header reader oc examine the header of the progran 
you want to stop. Stop the tape IMMEDIATELY after the 
header has loaded in! Remove the tape from your recorder. 
Make a false header to load the program as code. If for 
example, the header reader says that the BASIC program is 
94 bytes long, enter: SAVE "*CODE 30000,94 On a separate 
tape, save the code. Rewind the tape with the false header 
and enter: LOAD ""CODE Stop the tape IMMEDIATELY after the 
header has loaded. Put the original tape back in the 
recorder and continue loading it. The BASIC program has 
now been loaded into 94 bytes starting at 30000. The 
program can now be examined by peeking. This technique 1s 
basic to cracking prograss. 


EXAMINING THE PROGRAM 


With the program loaded as code in memory, we now need a 
method of examining the program. The program in Listing #1 
does this by providing a pseudoL[STing. Enter the program 
and run it. Presusing that you have a program loaded as 
code at 3066@ in memary, enter 3800@ to the prompt. The 
prograk will start to interpret the code characters as if 
they were a BASIC program. One advantage of the program is 
that if also shows control characters that have been 


esbedded in the BASIC program that you are trying to 
crack. 





These control characters are printed in inverse so that 
you will easily recognize them. The backspace character 15 — 
printed as an inverse “b", and Enter or carriage return 1s 
printed as an inverse "c". Each line should end with a 
black "c". Many commercial prograp have white ink, white 
paper characters embedded in the listing to make the 
listing difficult to read. These control characters can 
often be thwarted by LLISTing the program. Another feature 
that the pseudoL[STing program has is that it shows the 
TRUE integer value of a number following the text of the 
nusber, Sinclair computers store the true value of any 
number in a program line as a five byte representation of 
number. This five byte number is the one that is actually 
used at run time by the corputer. Some programmers POKE in 
different nuabers than the apparent numbers to fool 
hackers. If both the numbers in white and in inverse 
agree, then the nuaber shown in real, otherwise, use the 
number in inverse characters. It is the correct one. The 
one exception to this rule is if the number is a floating 
point number. (See page 258 of the T/S 2668 User Manual 
for a good discussion of how numbers are stored. 


Programs that are unmergeable have been doctored by the 
programmer to confuse the corputer when you try to merge 
it. Each BASIC line starts with two bytes that contain the 
BASIC line number. The line nusber is followed by two 
bytes which tell the number of characters in the line. The 
vay that the computer finds its way from line to line 1s 
by adding the the number of characters in the ilne to 1%. 
present position to find the next line. This process works 
fine so long as the nuaber of characters in the line is 
accurate. What the programaer does to make the progras 
unmergeable is to poke the last line's number of bytes 
with the wrong number. When the computer trys to merge the 
program, it gets to the last line and gets lost trying to 
digest the incorrect information about the line. For this 
reason, the pseudoLISTing program print “Line doesn’t end 
with enter." if the program gets lost. 


EXAMPLES 


Listing #2 is the pseudoliSTing from the progras 
Spellbound. The program is normal until the very last 
statement. The statement looks like it contains the number 
26624, but the number that the program will use is 26627. . 
If you should load the program and RANDOMIZE VSR 26624 you 
will see an aniwated fireworks display, with the message, 
"Hello Hacker. Fancy seating you here.” This is one of the 
joys and surprises of trying to crack programs. 


Listing #3 is the pseudoL]STing frog the Spectrum version 
of the program Strip Poker. In it, the prograa voices his 
opinion of hackers. Notice that the second line has a 
number of 65282. This nuaber is obviously illegal sinc 

Sinclairs can't have line numbers greater than 9999. Th — 
two POKES in line ] are there only to POKE a different 


line nugber (in this case @) into that line so that it 
becomes executable. Notice that the first line 3 has 
several INK 7 control codes in it. This makes the listing 
after that point invisible when listed on the screen. (It 
could be LLISTed.) The second line 3 is really the loader 
program. Also note that there is a statement POKE 23659, 0 
in line 3. This is a crash poke and isn’t needed. The only 
line needed to load the program would be: 
| CLEAR 42774: LOAD *" CODE: RANDOMIZE VSR 2336! 

The rest of the program is just protection. The characters 
in what appears to be line 25605 are just characters that 
were in the variables area of the program, and are 
unisportant. 


In pseudoLISTing #4, there is an exaaple of an unmergeable 
progras. Note that the listing ends with the message that 
the line doesn’t end with ENTER. The programs that you try 
to crack may use these techniques, or a variety of 
combinations. 
the various protections. For short loader programs such as 
the examples, it is ususally easier to reenter the 
program. If you encounter a very long program, you may 
find if easier to POKE in corrections and resave the code, 
and then use the reverse "false header” procedure to put a 
“BASIC header on the progran. 3x JACK 33% 


NET MONTH: Headeriess files. 


plac 
i®@ LET a$=’ 
2%: REM use eg 
DEF FN ntx?= Pate X+256XPEEK (xt+l1): 
DEF FN 1(x)=PEEK x*256+PEEK (xtl1): 
INPUT *What address to start? ";s 


> & <> 


S 


a ce son ase as ae 


INT FW 1ts)°¢: LET s =St2 
tT len=FN n(s): LET s=st2 
R n=s TO stlen-l 

T pk=PEEK n 

pk=14 THEN PRINT 


number after number slug 


7 ee ae ee ee 


Ig NM W NO br Fr 


R 
3 
O 
Ae 
¥ 
S 


¢ 


(Sere OOO S < 


a 
> 
QD te — "O eet Oo ct 


O) ty oh ht bd Fo 
4 
Cc 
ry 
if 
ae | 
a 


4 bat ba 
tm) Re 
«a 


"Sd 
Pr 


o? 
=n: IF s>=x THEN STOP 
i 


It's a challenge to sort through and break ~ 


FRVERSe 12" FR nat "7"; : 


pk<32 THEN PRINT INVERSE 1, a$(pkti); 


LISTING #2: 


rd 
i 








4 ee ee oe ee ot ee ey Be RT oa 
bet Soke Ge eee. Saas CaS Se J PURE ol's 
Sestsscse. - Lees. ane St Sn 
= : = = =. ees F =. . = rt 3 
So Se tine aiisie : ies a 
2 ae oe 7) r- : tbe 
2 PS se OR ae od <a ' ‘ HT 
Pee ree fy 

eles duis. bene ek rm. 


teri 


ms ee 


Hel fit 





we te he be 
1: a : 
~~ LL” ee ee ee 9 ae 
TO TS oS 
RE od ; 
2 = oo ee ET 
ul Ss Sm ie. aes 
i 2 2 2 2 
i 5 
2 ae i Bik S. OP APS. Fr a= fe 
a in created at Sa So Pat rae eee 
-_ _— ~ — — t _ “ee 
Lins aoaesnr EeMa With ENTER 


yiords tae INK , FLASH ete. 
REX two byte number 
REM iine number format 


INPUT "How many bytes to examine? ";x: LET x=xts 


LET n=n+5: GO TO 300: REM 


GO TO 300: REM Prints control c 


13 THEN PRINT "Line doesn’t end with ENTER” 





THIS MONTH I’VE A COUPLE OF HARDWARE TIPS THAT WERE PROVIDED BY 
JIM LEWIS THAT WILL BE OF INTEREST TO 2068 OWNERS. IF YOU HAVE A 


-~ 2068 WITH A WIRED IN SPECTRUM ROM AND HAVE HAD SOME PROBLEKS 


WITH THE COMPUTER INITIALIZING ON THE SPECTRUM ROM AND HAD TO 
TURN THE MACHINE ON & OFF SEVERAL TIMES, DON’T WORRY ANY MORE 
BECAUSE HERE IS THE FIX. YOU MUST REPLACE THE 1 WFD. CAPACITOR 
MARKED C-21 LOCATED IN THE LOWER CENTRAL AREA OF THE BOARD WITH 
A i0 WFD. CAPICITOR AND THE 2068 WILL INITIALIZE POSITIVELY IN 
BOTH MODES. THE 12 VOLT REGULATOR, LOCATED IN THE UPPER LEFT 
SIDE OF THE BOARD RUNS ON THE WARM SIDE. FOR COOLER RUNNING ADD 
ORE OF THOSE CLIP ON HEAT SINKS TO U-8. JIM ALSO FOUND AN ERROR 
IN THE SCHEMATIC FOR THE 2068. THE ROMCS SIGNAL FROM THE SCLD 
GOES TO THE Wi JUMPER (NOT THE W2 INDICATED ON THE SCHEMATIC) 
AND THE MREG SIGNAL GOES TO THE W2 JUMPER. APPARENTLY THE 
SIGNALS ARE REVERSED ON THE DIAGRAM. 


RICHARD SCHNEIDER OF AUDIO PROFESSIONALS IN AKRON PROVIDED A TIP 
GN HOW TO MODIFIY A POWER STRIP WITH METAL OXIDE VARISTORS AS 
PROTECTION AGAINST POWER SURGES. PURCHASE 3 MOVS (RADIO SHACK 


PART 276-5688) PUT THEM BETWEEN THE HOT, NEUTRAL AND GROUND OF 


THE POWER STRIP AS SHOWN IN THE DIAGRAM FROM THE DECEMBER 1983 
ISSUE OF BYTE MAGAZIWE. IF YOU WANT TO, YOU CAN ASORB ADDITIONAL 
INTERFERENCE BY ADDING A .O1 MFD., {1000V. Z5U CAPAICITOR IN 
PARALELL WITH EACH MOV. WHILE THIS WILL PROTECT AGAINST VOLTAGE 
SURGES IT WILL NOT PROTECT AGAINST LIGHTNING. TO PROTECT AGAINST 
LIGHTNING BOTH THE HOT AND NEUTRAL LINES MUST BE DISCONNECTED 
BECAUSE OF CAPACITIVE COUPLING OF THE LINES. RICHARD SUGGESTED A 
RELAY AS A POSSIBLE SOLUTION. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION READ AN 
ARTICLE BY HERB FRIEDMAN IN THE COMPUTER DIGEST SECTION OF THE 
JUNE 1986 ISSUE OF RADIO ELECTRONICS. 


HERE IS SOME 600D NEWS FOR THOSE WHO HAVE BEEN CONCERNED ABOUT 
THE LACK OF REPLACEMENT SCLD’S FOR THE 2068. THE CAPITOL AREA 
TIMEX/SINCLAIR USERS GROUP HAS PURCHASED 100 OF THE SCLDS. THEY 
ARE SELLING THEM FOR $18. EACH OR $15. IN QUANTITIES OVER 5. 
WRITE TQ MARK FISHER, CAPITOL AREA TIMEX/SINCLAIR USERS SROUP, 
P.0. BO 725, BLADENSBURG, MD. 20710. ELECTRONIC SUPLUS ON 
PROSPECT NEAR THE CLEVELAND GREY’S ARMORY HAS SOCKETS FOR THIS 
CHIP SHOULD YOU HAVE TO REPLACE IT. 


IF YOU ARE IN DETROIT ON THE SECOND SUNDAY OF THE MONTH YOU MAY 
KANT TQ CHECK OUT THE TIMEX GROUP THERE. THEY MEET AT 2:00 PM AT 
THE LAWRENCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AT 10 MILE AND EVERGREEN 
ROAD IN THE SCIENCE BUILDING, ROOM 114. FOR FURTHER DETAILS 
CONTACT STEVE SPALDING 313-544-1190, 


FORTH IS LANGUAGE WHICH IS IDEAL FOR MANY PURPOSES AND PRATICAL 
INTERFACING WITH THE REAL WORLD. IT IS HOWEVER A DIFFICULT 
LANGUAGE AND INFORMATICN ON FORTH IS NOT ALWAYS AVAILABLE AT THE 
LOCAL BOOKSTORE. MOUNTAIN VIEW PRESS SPECIALIZES IN FORTH BOOKS 
AND PROGKAMS. THEY EVEN HAVE PROGRAMS FOR THE JUPITER ACE AND 
T/S 1000. WRITE TO THEM MOUNTAIN VIEW PRESS, P.0. BOX 4654, 
MOUNTAIN VIEW, CA. 94640 OR TELEPHONE 415-941-4103. ONE OF UR 
MEMBERS, DON McCABE, HAS WRITTEN AN IMPLEMENTATION OF FORTH FOR 
THE 2068, WHICH HE HAS AVAILABLE FOR SALE. CONTACT DON AT ONE OF 
THE WEST SIDE MEETINGS. 





ONE OF HY FAVORITE PROGRAMS, MACHINE CODE TUTOR HAS BEEN 
CONVERTED TO RUN ON THE 2068. THE COST IS AROUND $18.00 AND. 
SHOULD BE AVAILABLE FROM MOST US VENDORS. 


FROM £.A. BROWN COMES ONE OF THE BETTER DEALS ON THE COMPUSERVE 
STARTER KIT. IT COMES WITH 5 HOURS OF LOG ON TIME FOR $18.99. 
EACH HOUR OF TIME NORMALLY WOULD COST BE $46.00 SQ IT I5 &A 
SIGNIFICANT SAVING. ALSO FROM BROWN AND SEVERAL OTHER VENDORS IS 
THE HACKER’S HANDBOOK BY HUGO CORNWALL. I HAVE STARTED READ THIS 
BOOK AND WOULD RECOMEND IT TO ANYONE WHO IS INTERESTED IN 
TELECOMMUNICATING. THIS IS A REVISED EDITION AND SOME MATERIAL 
HAS BEEN REMOVED FOR LEGAL REASONS. EVEN SO IT HAS QUITE A LOT 
OF INFORMATION THAT WILL HELP QUT A USER WITH YARIOUS SYSTEMS. 
THE COST 15 $12.95. CALL BROWN AT 612-762-8847. 


A CATALOG IS AVAILABLE FOR $2.00 FROM DICK SMITH ELECTRONICS, PO 
BOX 8021, REDWOOD CITY, CALIFORNIA 94063. THIS CATALOG HAS AN 
ODD MIXTURE OF HUMCR AND INFORMATION ALONG WITH MERCHANDISE. THE 
BACK OF THE CATALOG HAS ASCII CODES, RESISTOR AND CAPACITOR 
COLOR CODES AND FORMULAS FOR SATELLITE TRACKING. | PURCHASED A 
PROJECT BOX FOR AN INTERFACE FOR ABOUT $3.00. IF YOU ARE ACT 
GETTING THIS NOW AND ARE INTERESTED IN HARDWARE DQ GET IT. 


AN APOLOGY IS IN ORDER FOR THE BIBLIOGRAPHY THAT WAS PUBLISHED A 
COUPLE OF ISSUES AGO. I PROVIDED JIM DUPUY WITH A WORK ‘COPY 
WHICH WAS NOT COMPLETE. THE FULL FILE IS ABOUT TWICE AS LONG. 
I'LL BRING THE FILE TO THE NEXT FEW MEETINGS FOR ANYONE WHO 
WISHES A TASWORD FILE COPY. FOR OUT OF TOWN MEMBEFS SEND A TAPE 
AND I WILL COPY THE FILE ONE TQ IT. 


THOMAS SIMO 


a i ot 2 atta . . 
Pe ae 2 aa eres pe 
Spe ro .ok a eae 

re git O= - 


Cake a Se 
ae ee ee aia 
aime ~~ 





2. oS EA fei a ; aS 
oe _—. . q 2g 
x 

~$ a, i ee 

Ag iO se J _ 

2 i a” ‘ on . * 

—s Rory ie oe 

= ro ~ 


“x See 
a 


Here is a person that most of us 
have heard of a lot. He wrote 


the 
Program: PRO FILE. we may be 
Switching to PRO FILE to keep our 


9roup records. This is TOM WOODS. 








He’ io, sports fins! 
full of good stuff. 


"Hoon Walking Michael." 


Greeting Card Designer loads up after a while, as it 


noe Se OE RO OE OO MEE OE Owe we OS eee —_—<—--eo—oo _—_—— So weer a - as ae ae ey = eee ae = 


ay | its Eric ‘YFeaas: 


Here I am again, mth another article chock 


looking for a program for a friend in Hawaii {you out 


Pac ..¢, Pete?}, and i came across one of the early prograas I 


wrote when I discovered graphics. Tattectionately cali it 
J think you wili like it... 


Ls FOR, N=8 70 13:SGUND N,@:NEXT N 
{ 


‘Yo, BIN 111888, BIN [BLG1OP, BIN 1B8iGO1e, BIN 18018ea! 16, 
(6, “16sFOR N=@ TO 7:READ A:POKE 65 3OQ+h ALNEXT N 

1 16,16,16,16,16,16,16,16,24,28, 28,18, 28,28, 28,25.24, 28, 16 
33,33, 34,,36,00,29,28,39,54 68,72, 196, 96,24, 28 ,36,34,66,354, 


284 ,98,24,28,28,18,54, 36, 108,18,24,28,28,18,! »26,14,6,8, 128, 
252,244, 254,252,128, 26 
{5 FOR N=8 TG &3: RESD A: PORE USK “B°+N,ArNed? N 
28 PRINT AT 19,8; "Look! t's olidin :* 
25 FOR N=2@ TO 16 STEP -1 
38 PRINT AT 18,8;°(32 underline characters!}* 
32 SOUND 6,1237,8:9,16;9, 26318, i612, 5;15,44: PAUSE .5 
35 PRINT 41 B NCH CHAS {525° *5 SAT 9 Ne CHRS i44:° "sAT LB Ny CHRS | 
46 ; 
AB PRINT AT LB NsCHRS 147:PAUSE S:PRINT AT (@,N;CHRE 148:PAUSE 3 
S PRINT AT 18,N:CHRS 149:PAUSE S:PRINT AT 18, N;CHRS LOB: PAUSE 5 
58 PRINT AT 12, N;CHRE LOl:PAUSE 5 
So SOUND 2.0:9,0: 12,8 
6G NEXT N 


O FOR X=6 TO 13:SOUND X,@:NEXT X 


{°° ORINT AT LE, N+isCHRS 146 
‘ SINT AT 19,@;"Look! There's the fireworks! ® 
(£18 FOR k=1 TG 5: SOUND 6,637,738, 1639, 16318, 16312,75,13,8: PAU 
PrLET A=PO+(RND#215): LET AS=f2R+(RNDeiS): FOR Y=i TO 2+int 


(RADE1@) 
{15 LET NeINT (RND#4)+3:LET B=INT 
INT (RND#Z@)-INT (RND #28) 
{2@ °. 07 A,AASDRAW B,T:REAT Y:NEXT X 
{22 FUR N=@ TO 1S:SQUND N,@:NEXT N 


(ANDE2B)-INT (ARD#Z28): LET I= 


bified), but at 
Siaplicity, because | 


Weil, there it is. Kind of long (it can be simp 
the time | wrote it, I didn't think of 
knew that I had 32k to deal with... 


Anyway, enough 
program called 
a progras that 
S'tuation, 


frivolity. Gn with the real stuff. I just got a 
Sreeting Card Designer, ty Zebra Systems. [ft 1 
allows you to make a “card” suited for nearly any 


un 


loads 919k 
of BASIC and 2@k of Machine Cede. Whew! After loading, 2 
SCreEn comes up and asks you to make a selection from the 


following: Edit Card, Print Card, Erase Card, 
and Select Printer. The anual 
"Select Printer” first. i concur {] once had a perfect card 
re-diy to print and when I went to print it, J couldnt 
stand why ay printer just sat there and said “what?* I 
forgot to select a printer'!). 


Save/Load Card, 
suggests that you do the 


6CD currently supports the Epson, Gemini, 
Spirit-8@, Seikosha, anc Prowriter printers. 
others Will work, 


Mesotech/Panasonic, 
I am sure that 
but you might have to experiment with 





interface. 


settinys-Atte ject a prin’ 7, It_asks yout. .ef 
RERCO, <an-B/C, and the ! interraces 
supported. You art . -n Pevurned to the HAIN RENU. 

Edit Card allows you t- enter at. ant arranje graphic 
either the inside or the cover of the card. Yo. also Can 2 
a boroer. There is no provision to have a blank borcer. here 
are 22 graphic “igures on the other side of the saster tape. 1 
you do not find s suitable graphic frca the appendix in the back 
of the manual, you can create your own with the GRAPHIC DESIGNER 
UTILITY. This is a completely different progras. 1 have used 
it to make up for the .aci of certain grapnics {coeputer, etc.). 
[t works weli, but it is rather sisa, 


A'l in all, th ‘S2848 Greeting Card Designer is a good valu 
[ have had requests to print “e invit t ons and "Happy birth 
cards. I would recompend it to anyine «ith an 8@ col 
printer. Qne point: [ have had prvblems trying t> get 
working with a Prowrite, (C.Jtoh 8518). If you have one, rite 
me before purchasing, as I have been working out a solution for 
this problem. I have written Zebra, and expect to get some 
resuits soon. 


1. 
s 


a 
Ver 


Hell, that about wraps it up for this aonth. See you next 
month! If you have any questions or comments write to the beiow 


address and I will try to answer them the best I can... 


OnLine 
c/o: Eric Yruegas 
4706 Langley Avenue 
Whitehall, 


GH 43213-3124 





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