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BOOK REVIEWS 437
Die messianischen Weissagungen des israelitisch-judischen Volkes
bis zu den Targumim historisch-kritisch untersucht und
erlautert ; nebst Erorterung der alttestamentlichen Citate
u. Reminiszenzen im Neuen Testamente. Von Dr. phil.
Eugen HOhn. Mit einem Vorwort von Professor Paul W.
Schmiedel in Zurich. I. Teil : Die messianischen Weis-
sagungen des israelitisch-judischen Volkes. Freiburg i. B.:
J. C. B. Mohr, 1899. Pp. xiv+165. M. 3.60.
The most remarkable characteristic of this very learned and useful
wOrk is the width of its range. Instead of keeping within the limits
of the Old Testament, like the best-known works of the kind, it
includes apocryphal and pseudonymous literature and the Targumim.
In other words, it traces the Jewish expectation of a final era of per-
fection, whether with or without the thought of a personal Messiah,
over more than a thousand years. And the chronological sequence is
as far as possible closely adhered to. The various predictions are
taken as they come, not in the order of development. This arrange-
ment makes it harder for the student to trace that development, but
has the advantage of bringing out a peculiarity which has hitherto
been little noticed, namely, that the Messianic idea did not develop in
a straight line, did not unfold itself with ever-growing clearness. The
passages referred to, many of which are given in full, usually in Ger-
man, are arranged in four periods : (1) the Assyrian ; (2) the Chaldean ;
(3) the Persian ; (4) the Grseco-Roman. Each division closes with
a retrospect, which in the case of the last is very extended, comprising
twenty eight heads. The series opens with Amos and closes with the
Targumim. There are two appendices, the former treating of passages
in the Old Testament which have been wrongly regarded as Messianic,
and the latter giving lists of unfulfilled prophecies and of symbolic
actions which were never performed. The volume ends with an index
of the passages quoted from the Old Testament and later Jewish lit-
erature. There is no index of the New Testament references, which
are very numerous, the author having attempted to note all the pas-
sages referring to those cited from the Old Testament as Messianic or
believed to be Messianic. These passages will be fully discussed in
the second part of the work, which is expected to appear in the course
of a few months. There is, of course, much room for difference of
opinion in a work of such exceptional range and touching so many
difficult questions : concerning, for example, the writer's belief that
Jesus was misled by exegetical assumptions which he shared with his
438 THE BIBLICAL WORLD
time, and his interpretation of "the servant of the Lord" in the fifty-
third of Isaiah as meaning the pious in Israel. All, however, are
deeply indebted to him for his patient and careful study of a theme
of unfailing interest and not easily estimated significance. He has
made it possible to survey with ease the whole course of Messianic
expectation from the age of the kings until far on in Christian times ;
and has accompanied the texts with a large amount of valuable com-
ment and criticism. The work distinctly marks a step in advance.
Riehm's book may not be antiquated by it, but of itself it is clearly
inadequate to meet present requirements.
W. Taylor Smith.
In the Shadow of Sinai. A Story of Research and Travel from
1895 to 1897. By Agnes Smith Lewis. Cambridge:
Macmillan & Bowes, 1898. Pp. xvi + 261. 5s.
A pleasantly written account of a journey to the convent of St.
Catherine in 1895, in the course of which Mrs. Lewis and her sister
made the second transcription of the Syriac palimpsest, the results of
which were published in 1896 ; and of another journey in 1897, which
included an inspection by Mrs. Gibson of the genizah in Cairo, where
Mr. Schechter found the fragments of Aquila and other valuable spoil.
Travelers intending to travel in the East may glean some useful hints
about camel-riding, dragomans, the exact sound of difficult Semitic
consonants, and other things. The most important chapter is the last,
which is devoted, to a brief discussion of "Another Saying of Jesus,"
found in one of the two Sinaitic texts of the Palestinian Lectionary of
the Gospels. Matt. 1 2 : 36 runs there as follows : " But I say unto
you that every good word which men shall not speak they shall give
account thereof in the day of judgment." This reading is quite new.
There is no trace of it elsewhere. The two other known manuscripts of
the lectionary are without it. It has been suggested that it is the dropped
half of a logion, the other and former half being the usual text, but
the present evidence is insufficient for so bold a conclusion. Too
little is known of the origin of this Palestinian lectionary to warrant
the acceptance of a startling variant on its unsupported testimony,
especially when found in only one manuscript of the twelfth century.
W. Taylor Smith.