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BOOK REVIEWS 437 

Die messianischen Weissagungen des israelitisch-judischen Volkes 
bis zu den Targumim historisch-kritisch untersucht und 
erlautert ; nebst Erorterung der alttestamentlichen Citate 
u. Reminiszenzen im Neuen Testamente. Von Dr. phil. 
Eugen HOhn. Mit einem Vorwort von Professor Paul W. 
Schmiedel in Zurich. I. Teil : Die messianischen Weis- 
sagungen des israelitisch-judischen Volkes. Freiburg i. B.: 
J. C. B. Mohr, 1899. Pp. xiv+165. M. 3.60. 

The most remarkable characteristic of this very learned and useful 
wOrk is the width of its range. Instead of keeping within the limits 
of the Old Testament, like the best-known works of the kind, it 
includes apocryphal and pseudonymous literature and the Targumim. 
In other words, it traces the Jewish expectation of a final era of per- 
fection, whether with or without the thought of a personal Messiah, 
over more than a thousand years. And the chronological sequence is 
as far as possible closely adhered to. The various predictions are 
taken as they come, not in the order of development. This arrange- 
ment makes it harder for the student to trace that development, but 
has the advantage of bringing out a peculiarity which has hitherto 
been little noticed, namely, that the Messianic idea did not develop in 
a straight line, did not unfold itself with ever-growing clearness. The 
passages referred to, many of which are given in full, usually in Ger- 
man, are arranged in four periods : (1) the Assyrian ; (2) the Chaldean ; 
(3) the Persian ; (4) the Grseco-Roman. Each division closes with 
a retrospect, which in the case of the last is very extended, comprising 
twenty eight heads. The series opens with Amos and closes with the 
Targumim. There are two appendices, the former treating of passages 
in the Old Testament which have been wrongly regarded as Messianic, 
and the latter giving lists of unfulfilled prophecies and of symbolic 
actions which were never performed. The volume ends with an index 
of the passages quoted from the Old Testament and later Jewish lit- 
erature. There is no index of the New Testament references, which 
are very numerous, the author having attempted to note all the pas- 
sages referring to those cited from the Old Testament as Messianic or 
believed to be Messianic. These passages will be fully discussed in 
the second part of the work, which is expected to appear in the course 
of a few months. There is, of course, much room for difference of 
opinion in a work of such exceptional range and touching so many 
difficult questions : concerning, for example, the writer's belief that 
Jesus was misled by exegetical assumptions which he shared with his 



438 THE BIBLICAL WORLD 

time, and his interpretation of "the servant of the Lord" in the fifty- 
third of Isaiah as meaning the pious in Israel. All, however, are 
deeply indebted to him for his patient and careful study of a theme 
of unfailing interest and not easily estimated significance. He has 
made it possible to survey with ease the whole course of Messianic 
expectation from the age of the kings until far on in Christian times ; 
and has accompanied the texts with a large amount of valuable com- 
ment and criticism. The work distinctly marks a step in advance. 
Riehm's book may not be antiquated by it, but of itself it is clearly 
inadequate to meet present requirements. 

W. Taylor Smith. 
Exeter, England. 



In the Shadow of Sinai. A Story of Research and Travel from 
1895 to 1897. By Agnes Smith Lewis. Cambridge: 
Macmillan & Bowes, 1898. Pp. xvi + 261. 5s. 

A pleasantly written account of a journey to the convent of St. 
Catherine in 1895, in the course of which Mrs. Lewis and her sister 
made the second transcription of the Syriac palimpsest, the results of 
which were published in 1896 ; and of another journey in 1897, which 
included an inspection by Mrs. Gibson of the genizah in Cairo, where 
Mr. Schechter found the fragments of Aquila and other valuable spoil. 
Travelers intending to travel in the East may glean some useful hints 
about camel-riding, dragomans, the exact sound of difficult Semitic 
consonants, and other things. The most important chapter is the last, 
which is devoted, to a brief discussion of "Another Saying of Jesus," 
found in one of the two Sinaitic texts of the Palestinian Lectionary of 
the Gospels. Matt. 1 2 : 36 runs there as follows : " But I say unto 
you that every good word which men shall not speak they shall give 
account thereof in the day of judgment." This reading is quite new. 
There is no trace of it elsewhere. The two other known manuscripts of 
the lectionary are without it. It has been suggested that it is the dropped 
half of a logion, the other and former half being the usual text, but 
the present evidence is insufficient for so bold a conclusion. Too 
little is known of the origin of this Palestinian lectionary to warrant 
the acceptance of a startling variant on its unsupported testimony, 
especially when found in only one manuscript of the twelfth century. 

W. Taylor Smith. 

Exeter, England.