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Full text of "[untitled] Bulletin of the American Geographical Society (1914-01-01), page 862"

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862 Geographical Literature and Maps 

portant navigation companies, the routes of sailing vessels, piracy, seaports, 
the influence of straits and isthmuses on shipping routes, the Kaiser Wilhelm, 
Suez, and Panama Canals. The fourth and last part discusses the languages 
of traffic, the geographical foundations of the mail service, telegraph, tele- 
phone, and cable lines. 

The text is illustrated tiy twelve maps and diagrams, and the rich information 
which it conveys is made accessible by an elaborate index of names and 
subjects. It ought not to go unnoticed that of all the books treating with 
such a "dry" subject this is the first, to my knowledge, in which the author 
has succeeded in presenting the matter in a way which is not only instructive 
but also attractive and pleasant to the general reader. M. K. Genthe. 

METHODOLOGY AND TEACHING 

The Clarendon Geography. Vol. 2, Part 4: Asia. Part 5: Africa and 
Australasia. Part 6: America, viii and 376 pp. Maps, ills., index. 
Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1913. 75 cents. 7% x 5%. 
In this, the second and last volume of the Clarendon Geography, the author 
considers the continents of Asia, Africa, Australasia, and North and South 
America. For each of these continents the general physiography, climate, 
plants, animals, and man are taken up, as well as a somewhat detailed study of 
the political divisions. At the end of each chapter are a number of interest- 
ing exercises for class-room and laboratory use, which serve to emphasize im- 
portant points in the chapter just completed. Numerous well-chosen maps, 
some of them colored, diagrams, tables, and photographs add to the value of 
the work. Wilbuk Greeley Bukboughs. 

Handelsgeographie. Von Fritz Eegel. 6th edit, xv and 500 pp. Index. 
W. Violet, Stuttgart, 1913 (?). Mk. 4. 7x5. 
Professor Eegel 's book, now in the sixth edition, has been considerably 
expanded. Like many other German texts on commercial geography, it is 
compacted with facts including general geography; but, like some other 
German texts, it fails to connect closely the facts of geography with commerce 
and trade. The teaching of commercial geography in our country tends more 
and more to the correlation of geographical data with commerical and economic 
development and to a clear setting forth of the principles upon which such 
development depends. This book, on the other hand, has an enormous mass 
of excellent data, but much of it is simply raw material with no attempt to 
apply it. 

Elementary Commercial Geography. By Hugh E. Mill. Eevised by 
Fawcett Allen, xii and 215 pp. Index. University Press, Cambridge; 
G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York, 1914. Is. 6d. 7x5. 
This book, in its first edition, was one of the earliest text-books of com- 
mercial geography Its statistics have now been brought up to date, and 
more detailed descriptions are introduced of those countries which have shown 
recent commercial development. The first fifty pages devoted to "General 
Principles of Commercial Geography" still hold their place as one of the 
best short treatments of the subject. 

A Commercial Geography of the World. By O. J. E. Howarth. Series: 
The Oxford Geographies. 236 pp. Maps, index. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 
1913. 2s. 6d. 7%x5. 
The basis for a good commercial geography is here in outline, but not in 
text. The text lacks solidity. It is not well knit. Like so many other ' 'com- 
mercial" geographies, this one is largely an enumeration of products with a 
statement as to their distribution. 

Fig. 22, ' ' Diagram of Main Transcontinental Eailways in Western Europe, 
is good. The maps in general, however, lack parallels and meridians or, when 
shown, do not include the degrees represented by them.