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Bonus ■ First new 



Buyers' guide 

What's what 

in the world of 

micros 

Read our 

analysis 

before you buy 



Quicksilva 

Quartets of 

quality 

games-yours 

for the 

winning! 






■ I 

I 

■ 



BBC/Electron 

graphics 

feature 

Make the 

most of your 

micro 


m 

SE 

1 f ORtHEZ*^' EtTRI "' 4B 


Games to type 

in for: VIC-20, 

Spectrum, 

SordMS, 

ZX81 




Stacks of 

reviews for: 

Spectrum, 

Commodore 

64, Electron, 

Amstrad 

CPC464, 

I-99/4A, BBC 




Plus: news, 
your letters, 
charts . . . 




'Ill* ,111*1 III* llll*^ 




six-yard box. There 

Is no time to control 

the hall, your qlayer must commit himself! 

to a snap shot on goal. . 



SPECTRUM 48fc 

— ft = 



> -^ 



Match Day Is as compelling as 
soccer itself You will marvel at 
the depth of play and Pallcontrol 
offered only In MATCH DAY . . 
Shoot to win! 



7-95 locecni 7-95 

Ocean House ■ 6 Central Street- Manchester ■ M2 SNS ■ Telephone 06 1 832 6633 - Telex 669977 

Ocean Software is available from selected branches of WOOtWORfH.WHSmTll.(^). r JBBEaBLUS*'tt,Riimb*lo<«t.eoairr 

Spectrum Shops and all good software dealers. Trade enquiries welcome. 



December a- December 10, 198a ho. 91 








REGULARS 




),10 






T4 






an 






42 






4^ 






SOFTWARE REVIEWS 


Mysterious and exciting 

Enter the tombs of doom or [ravel ihrough Viking Norway 


16 




ZZ 


Take vour pick from this high-quality selection 




29 


C'rO in llic mi inn in Inn lli' lhum : jli him lie .|ti,i 




30 


Adventures lo stretch your menial abilities 




38 


Take your pick — all have been assessed by our panel 


Software houses: send your software for review i 
editorial office ai the address below, Coniact u 
competitions and other promotions, too. 


the 
for 



KM CO/TOI1G 
WLW 

mm mm 




Home computer buyers' guide 23 



PROGRAMS 



Find the word - 



Readers: we welcome your programs, articles and tips. 



M o£tZ? 


(;ruup BHor Advtrllwmfril M>n» B r[: 


"^si-"" 


Argus Specialist Publicaiions Ltd. 
No.! Golden Square, London WIR 3AB. 01-437 0626 


IHI!. iUJ> 4JUJ2. Ttjik liimiliimim: 









HOME COMPUTING WEEKLY 4 Dccembei 



games that herald a new dawn 

A new concept - all graphics, 3D, and 360° scrolling 



Sports simulations 
— that leave ^saiis 

the rest Yacht 

standing 



i 



M -, 



Hill MacGibbon Ltd, 92 Fleet Street, Lond 



New Orlc 

From front page 
excellent graphic commands 
' ' i can give 3D effects. Oric 
tally gone to town on the 

Mr Everiss, formerly opera- 
lions director al Imagine, 
explained how sound is also 
enhanced: "The Oric conlains a 
Ol sound chip, which was never 
used to the lull. The new 
machine realiy uses the chip to 

The IQ 164, as the machine is 
curremly known, has black and 



uprated fro 



the 



the ianguage, and one the 

application. 

"One of these cartridges will 

hold 64K and the other 4BK of 

ROM. and there'll be 64K RAM 
n board. We're really giving 
K user quite a lot of memory. 
"It has an RS112 built-in, a 
isc controller and a built-in 

modem driver;' he went on. 

"There's also two joystick 

The machine will be supplied 
with SupcrBASIC and one 
ROM cartridge. As for soft- 
l, here at Tansofi we have 
something very innovative and 
interesting up our sleeve, but 
prepared " " " 



t-iiriijieimn> 









Mr Ever iss explained why 
Oric hasn't fined the price for 
the IQ 164 yet. "It all depends 
on what happens with the 
dollar, and what happens to 
chip prices. If [he pound 
strengthens against the dollar 
and chip prices fall we will be 
able [0 bring [he new computer 
ou[ ai the price we want" 

The 10 164 will be launched 
first in France, where Oric 
holds over 50 per cent or the 
market. It will be marketed 
there as the Stratos — a name 
already registered by another 
cnmpain in the UK. 

"Our advertising agency 
screwed up on the name" said 
Mr Everiss. "The Atmos was 
released as the firsi in a family 

advertising agency forgot to 
check was whether the other 
names were registered here!' 

The words come from the 
Greek — atmosphere and 
stratosphere, etc. And Oric is 
now rather stuck for a new 

"If any of your readers have 
any suggestions, I'd be pleased 



Popeye, the 
sailor man 

Popeye, dk'lranics' first licen- 
sed game, is now available, 
after 10 weeks of programming 

The aim of the game is io 
iild your "home sweet lion i 
_.id you are cast in the role of 
Popeye — who else? Bluto is 
your arch enemy, and you must 
vade him while you gather up 
Jl your building materials from 
the building site. 

helps you by taking 
back to the start. 




Howe 



:eof h 






Bbyk 



m supplied with han 

Bluto is after you, and he 
-ants to throw you off the 
scaffolding into the sea. Olive 
~ ' comes to the rescue by 
.,..,.,,. ing you with the vital 
spinach which makes a man out 



Cost of the g 



e: £5.95. 



dk'lronics. Unit 6. Shire Hill 
IndEsl, Saffron Wolden, Essex 
CBIi 3AQ 



Prices 
slashed 

Mastertronic, who brought you 
cut-price arcade games, is 
now launching budget -price 



label 

formerly Carnell Software. 
However, the company decided 
lo delay the launch of Se-Kaa 
until now, and cut the price 
from £7.50 to £2.99. 

Se-Kaa is available fot both 
Commodore and Spectrum, 
and contains 96K of graphics 









illustrated I 
sentence analysis. 

I'rc -Christmas releases on the 

include Volcanic Dungeon and 
Black Crystal lor the Spectrum, 
at £2.99 and O.'W respectively. 
Black Crystal will be available 
for the Commodore in the New 
Year. 

Mastery is ion will remain a 
separate label, at full-price. 
Large format packaging and 



company's hallmark 
to Maslervision . 

Martin A I per, M 
managing director. 



:r Adventurer in the field 
of adventure games as we have 
with Mastertronic in the field of 
arcade games — in other words, 
produce a series of good quality 
programs at a very realistic 



"Master Adve 






scrolling graphics. For £2.99 
you can expect programs of a 
Quality which would normally 
cost £B at the very least:' 



venture on 

Audiogenic has announced two 
new graphic adventures for the 
Commodore 64: Magic Stone 
and Time Traveller. 

Here's ihe plol of Magic 
Stone in a nutshell: the stone in 
question is reported lo ium lead 
into gold. You musi find Ihe 
stone and ihe experimental 
notes, as well as ihe magic 
word. The setting is a Transyl- 

In Time Traveller you must 
restore Ihe balance of lime, 
which has been disturbed by the 
evil Graf von Schwar/licr/m. 
You have a few problems 
though — you don't know your 



I iirj III.,: 1 



Master Adveniurer is the 
label on which the low -cos I 


Easy Engl 


sh language 




claimed to be 




















Se-Kaa of Assiah is ihe first 




in the shoriesi 














this adventure in September on 







. 39 Simons Intl 
Park. London Rd, Reading, 
forks RG6 1AZ 



OL monitor 

launch of a new 14-inc 
monitor for Ihe QL. The QLI4 
cosis £199.99 and comes ' ' 
coiuiectini! cable, which plugs 
uiiii [he KliB port. 
1 1 is light-weight, and has 

means that it's very portabli 
The unit is all-black and has 
detachable anti-glare tinted 
glass front. 

Prism's monitor provides full 
A4-wid(h on Quill, greater 
resolution for business graphic; 
wilh Easel, larger record lay- 
outs wilh Archive and a greater 
number of columns visib' 
Abacus, according to Pris 



HOME COMPUTING WEEKLY J Dcci 



COMPETITION 



Ouicksilva 
bonanza 



32 packs of games to be won 
— worth over £25 each! 



THIS WEEK we're giving 
away some greai packs of 
Quicksilva games which will 




impS? r.i.rirvito r 








^sSSFW emiy uv Quidullv. 




( (iinpiriiiipii. Il.imc (.iiiiiniiiin(! 
































ami seated in ■ separate envelope. 





Pn/i«.ttillii. me ln.nH.K]iAi 
wiilim >H Jay.ul lil,-l;N:,.;,!„„ 

ihc competition. 

The rules 

mil^'WO .11 \l£lj* ^pftplL-l |*,lbl 
J'llv,[iuut A S.inv Tin* r^Mii^rin;, . 



Quicksilva Competition 

Knlrv Coupon 



L J P R S T 

X V U T P N M i 



R B Z M B 

P Z I V Q P 

L V Y N T J 

N B N I O L 

APR I N A R 



S N 
U R 

YMORPRUME 
VNUTLPFMN 
E Z 
R T 
G L 
A T 
H N 
E J 



C C L I B 

E P L F S R J 

E I H R K G J 



S U O L D A I 1 

P R T U I L |, 

T L E Z N E | 

I N T K C C I 

T I R B B L Ni 



WCDRDOUS I OANT I N J 

OVPITGNIELBTAEB 

NDCZLREEJKTHTETWJ 



S T R N T I 
D U T E L B A 



P U R P L E T 



u M 
A E 

R 



D G C A I Hi 
R I O R C h9 



T L E S C H K 



HOMfc COMPUT1NC. WEEKLY 4 Dei-ember 



WORDSWORTH 

THE GAME 
FOR ALL THE FAMILY 



BASED ON THE POPULAR "FIND THE WORD" GAME 

A REAL TEASER AND CHALLENGE FOR 

PLAYERS OF ALL AGES. 



Any number of players can 
join in. 

Words are hidden in all 
directions they can also link up 
or cross each other too! 



Try to beat th " " 
at competitioi. lc »c. ; 

Nursery rhymes, proverbs, 
sayings can be used - even 
foreign words - 
Wordsworth© can cope. 




• 26 levels of play * Use comput 

if Up to 30 words can be * A game for 

used in any game 
' Endless hrs. of enjoyment* Competit' 
if Easy to read re-defined * Every gai 

characters challenge 

■ Helps children spell a. 




WORDSWORTH^ is available by 
Mail Order from:- 

Wordsworth Software Ltd 
P.O. Box 304. Reading, Berks RG20RH 



|~ ~ .^~**^ - - ■ • ▼ ^ 

\EE& To Wordsworth Software Ltd., P.O. Box 304, 

Reading. Berks. RG20RH, 

(BLOCK CAPITALS PLEASE) 

Please rush me copy(ies) 

of Wordsworth • @ £5.95 each 

GHt Wrapped □ 
I 1 enclose Cheque/Postal Order for 
| £ : Payabte to Wordsworth Software Ltd. 

. Name: 

P Address: 

I 

I 

I Post code: ■ 



:*m^:#REiy 



THE CREV 

Personnel 
files follow- 
yours to 
command - 
well almost, 



mwDCaomss 

SPECTRUM 48KCBM64 



C16 first 

Tyncsoft claims lo be Ihe first 
company lo have Commodore 
C16 and Plus/4 software avail- 



NEW5 



The Uvipac is housed in a 9 
\ 80 \ 40 mm plastic case, and : 
special lypc of discharge uilii' i 



According to 
Ground Controls, [he 230 or 
110 volt mains powered unit 
enables up to three EPROMs of 




CASSETTE 



WJ VALUE that's 
te.0^ out of this world 

50 GAMES ON ONE CASSETTE 

, NOW AVAILABLE FOR O™™*™* ElECTRON Air 
— OLUBaib Spectrum jfcapptc ATARI OR1C-1 ZXB1 



mxMMiM - 



Mb YorVlMrO. HG1 5BG Entfanil 

slephone: 104231 504526. 



HOME COM!'l.TIN(.i WEEKLY 4 



Late starter 

Although announced months 
ii is only now thai PSS has 
aged lo release Hyper 



players can aci oui ihc mor 
sophisticated manoeuvres o 
BMX racing. Hyper Biker i 
available on cassette at £7.95. 



Royal romp 

Henry's House is the Lille of 
English Soli ware's new game 
lor Ihe Commodore. As you 
may have guessed, the siar 
character is a little prince, who 
> you on a right royal romp 
through his new home. You go 

extravaganza of domestic 
actions'! according to 
English Software. 

The game is claimed to 
feature the highest standard of 
detailed hi -resolution animated 
graphics seen on any game on 
the Commodore 64. The game 
features Pavloda last -load and 
sis £8.95. Pre-release 
. blii-ity for Ihe game states 
that Henry's house is "a satura- 
'y satisfying game for even 
nost insatiable of players! 
Tantalising and tormenting, but 
at the same time rivemiigly 
rewarding!" No, it's no: the 
Cold Old Days, either. 




Yes we have 
no bananas 



I lie I! 



e of 



interface, from 
Castle Associates of Scarbor- 
ough. The company claims it's 
so simple to use, even a monkey 
could operate it. 

It is housed in a heavy duty 
metal ease, to render it virtually 
unbreakable in the hands or 
students, and comes together 



commits introductory programs 
and experiments. Also included 
in Ihc purchase price — £175 — 
arc interface cables for 
connecting the Banana to the 



independent outputs driving 
relays, and 8. +12 volt logic 
signals for controlling IX 
motors. Stepper moiors and 
other devices. 




According to Castle, "Ihe 
Banana interface allows inter- 
active control, adding a whole 



Castle Associates, Salter Rd. 
Cay ton Lower Rd Ind Esl. 
tkarborouth, N York: YOU 



Best selling 
book 

Frederick Forsyth's book The 
Fourth Protocol was a best- 
seller — and now the book has 
been adapted into a software 

The company behind the 
project is Hutchinson Comput- 
er Publishing and the company 
claims that the game "will set 
new standards for electronic 



world of computer games all the 
cxciiemcni of Forsyth's famous 
suspense, his mastery of chilling 
detail and a very clear insight 



operations and you must track 
down a deadly enemy at large in 
England. Available late spring. 

Spectrum and Commodore. 

Hutchinson Computer Publisl 
ulfc Hutchinson Use, 17-1 
Conway Si, London W1P6JL 



Amstrad 
adventures 

announced its second adventure 
game for the Amstrad CPC464. 
Fqrcsl at World's End is 
graphical adventure which ct 
£6. 

Future titles from interceptor 
for Ihc CPC464 are Jeweb of 
Babylon and Heroes of Karn. 



Arcade Hardware, 211 Horton Rd. 

Fallow/field, Manchester M14 70E. 
061-225 2248 

FOR YOUR TI-99/4A 

Axiom pa rail ell n cerfat:e [stand alone). . £107.35 

Boxcar R5232 interface (stand alone) £109.95 

Boxcar S2K RAM (stand alonei £125.00 

Tl Logo II £73 95 

Personal Peripherals Super Sketcti £65.00 

Personal Peripherals Super St'k 

(twin joysticks wired for T)99'4A) C24.95 

5uper Champ (single Joystick forTii eia.95 

Tl Per I p li era I Expan sl on Syst em ECall. 

Tlgervlslons MINER 2049'er . . C2S.95 

All items subject to avaiiaDiiitv 
Wide range of Ti-99/aA related Items available 



HOMIi COMPUTING WEEKLY 4 December V 



COMMODORE C-1 6 
AND PLUS 4 
SOFTWARE 
^STARTER PACK 




AVAILABLE NOW FROM LEADINC 
COMPUTER STORES OR DIRECT FROM 
TYNESOFT FOR E14.95 
INCLUDING POSTACE & PACKING 



ADDISON INDUSTRIAL ESTATE, BLAYDON-ON-TYNE, 
TYNE & WEAR. TEL: (091) 414 4611. 

DEALER ENQUIRIES WELCOME 
OTHER EXCITING TITLES AVAILABLE SOON 



VIC-20 I 



You must be 
deft and 
accurate in this 
game with 
excellent 
graphics by 
Paul Cockerton. 
You have to 
catch the 
pennies and 
stop them 
falling in the 
water 



grab the chance of gaining an 
(Ira 100 points, by dropping a 
)in into the boat, which is 
Hiving backwards and for- 
ards with the tide, under the 



Catch 'em 

while you 

can 



t before attempting t< 



bridge. 

If you fail to catch a coin or 
drop a coin into the boat you 



25, 2 



rint "a- ipoke 36969,240 
iata3,7,3,I, 1,1,1,1 
Ia*a0,0,0,l,l,3,3,2 

lata], 2, 2, 4, 4, 24, 31, 16 
at aB, IBS, I2B, 64, 64,96,224, 32 

:atal5,8,B,l!,lB,lB,10,10 
ato253,5,7,240,31 ,95,35,65 
ataB23,S0, 112,7,252,253, 165, 165 
at 3248,8,8,232,40, 40, 40, 40 
datal0,10,10,10,18,10,10,10 

dat 663,69,37,2 1,2 1,13, 5, 5 

da t 340, 40,40, 48,48,40, 40,40 
dat 363,32,47,47, 40, 40, 40, 40 
dat 3240,29,2 13, 2 13, 93, 95, 95, 83 
data?, 220, 85,35,22 1,2 13, 2 13,2 13 
dat a234, 2, 250,250, IB, 10,10,10 
dat a40, 45, 42, 40, 40, 40, 40, 40 
dat 393, 85, 2 13, 33, 65, 83, 85, 33 
data221 ,85,95,213,213,221 ,35,213 
data 10,170,90, 10, 10, 10,10,10 
dat a40,45, 42, 48, 48, 40,47,43 
d at a8B, 95, 2 13,85,85,85,2 13,55 
dat a5, 253, 85, 85, 65, 85, 85 ,85 
datalB, 10, 170,98, 10, 10,250, 10 
dat a47, 40, 40, 41 ,46,40,40,40 
dat»255,24 ,86 , 129,6,8 ,4B,65 
dats255, 12,3, 128,96,24,6,129 



the bridge and your man, 
automatically loads part t 

Use abbreviations for BASIC 
keywords and save and vi 

date! ,2,4,9,19,37 
d3tal2B, 132,160,1 
datal70, 170,170,1 



44,200,164,147,137 
68, 168,168, 166,168 



i datal38, 10,10, 10,13,10, 10,10 

1 data 170, 170, 170,178,170.174,160,168 

data 123, 130, 132, 137, 146, 164,200,240 
: da + *36, 100,168,168,164,164,162,161 
I data36, 38, 21 ,21 ,37,37,69, 133 

data 128,64,32, 144,72,36, IS, 15 
: data253, 128,152,164,164,255, 128,255 
: 3ata255,0,24,36,36,255,0,8 

da ta£55, 8, 24, 36, 36, 255, 0,235 
; data255, 1,25, 37, 37, 235, 1,255 
. data 123. 185, 169,159, 169,169,185,129 
i datal, 2,4, 4, 12, 12,20,20 

data 128, 64, 32, 32, 48, 48, 48,48 
: data 126, 142,138, 138,138, 138, 142,128 
: data 128, 252, 252, 243, 240, 225, 194,132 

dat 33, 4, 24, 104, 136,168,216,136 



a!32, 160, 152, 



140,148, 164 



.136 



164,167,164 



1 1 36 , 1 36 , 



a 1 60, 144,144,152,148,146,244,148 
a 164, 164,164,164,164,167,164,164 
3 148,148, 148,148, 148,244,148,148 
a24 ,24 ,52 ,50, 16 ,56 ,65 , 130 
i-716Sto7439!readaIpoKei ,a:next 
i=7448to7679ireadbipoKei ,b inert 
*« 36379, 33 ;pr lr>t SCTMB c :■[:■: , 



HOMhi.OMITIIV. tt 



4 December 198-i 



125 pr in* "EWMSJ— 



:e63) , 131 i end 



?52,23ipo*eS* ..IS :poK5?a, 1 28 H- -361 
e366B3, 555 ipotie 36375, 23 !co=3B7E0 
:e368£;S.I~Q 




Sa:3l = in-t<nnd<U*8> + 7731 isosubl 



HOME COMPUTING Wt-T.KI V 4 Dmrabcr 1984 Page i: 



VIC-20 PROGRAM 



715 


OsubJSeta l=9H-22'Pt>K*3l,]60!poKegl»22+co,0ipDKeg 


♦E2.203 


720 


os.jb 130 :sl-3 1+22 ipoKegl, 160 ipoKesl+22*co,0:poKes 


+22,203 


730 


fp«*tf Ca 1+44X >226-theng 1 =3 1 *EE:gDsiib 1000 ! 30s itbS00 


Sl'int < 


710 


c"bc4'10i i-f d = ?i-thsrid =0 1 901 ub800: go-to 130 


v-0 


760 


or l=E54f o£B0s-t ep-1 !p«Keul,iinex-t!paKauI,Bidad + i 




770 


i-int"««M Ui»*«»il "(l«BscoreU"!sc;9o-to750 






at- t = !5tT0s-tep-l!poKeu,t"ftjrK=254tol505tep-5"pokeu 






15 




SI0 


tturn 




900 


-0ipoKegl+cc.,3:poKe9!,26!poKegl-EE, 160 1 1 -] - 1 ! i-eti 


rn 


1000 


gl=9l-22ipoK«3l+co,0!poKe9l,22HpoKegl + l-K:o,0ipoK 


egl+1,2 


1010 


Po«»gi-l+co,0lpoKe3 1 -1 ,205 t-f or 1 =215-to200s*ep- 1 ipo 




1015 


pok«gl-l,I60ipoke3l-l,lG0 




1050 


gl'gl-tESiretiirn 





00 go;'jbB0P:[ 




Ph«* 14 HOME COMPUTING WEEKLY 4 



Ingenious... 



THE COMPUTER EDITION OF 



.Leisure! 
Genius 



o^ 



tits 



Waddinqtons 



MONOPOLY 



MONOPOLY 




3 Montagu Row. London W1H 1AB 




Mysterious &—■» 
and exciting g=. 

Adventure games of every i^Sn^ 

kind. Enter the tombs of doom li?3EES ! £ 

or travel through Viking P^V^U* 

Norway 



E6.95 

ruro Rd, SiB 



Witk ihi-^issellecomesaj 
the Cuihtwri tluh-t/i-'.:.,.!.'! 
Ift past iniiruciion booklet 
Hifrr' nianii'.LT'p! — autographed: fe 

mil ion and a keyU 



A but the 




wnslu 
















































key:. But that's] 












henyo 


buyii 


B.J. 


1 bHtmctl 


mi 




92= J 




















no:,,-. 




96'. | 








H^^mr^^m^ 



WLLKI V4 December !W4 



ZXB1 PROGRAM 



Rack your 
brains to come 
up with the 
right word. 
Otherwise you 
die. Hangman 
conversion for 
the ZX81 by 
Timothy Pearce 



Find the 

word or hang 

by the neck 



Test your 

computer at Hangman. 

This is a " 
loved game which we are now 
bringing to your ZXS1 sc 

Decide whether you 
instructions. Then you'll sc 
menu of nine categories 
words. IT you want lo et 

iwn word, pick 4. You 
... _ _ asked to type in a single 
word, with (ess than 15 letters 
and made up of letters alone. 

If your word doesn't meet the 

anTy'ou^ee'BAD WORD on 
screen. After the word has been 
checked and accepted, a normal 
will be set up. To enter a 
guess press the relevant key. Do 
not press NEWLINE. Repeated 
letters and disallowed letters 
ignored. Every 




the puzzle 
and need help, press NEW- 
LINE. The screen will clear and 
revert to normal, but an extra 
been inserted in 



the 



plat 



All 



of the letter will 
have been inserted. 

Be warned: when prompted 
with the question Another go? 
Y/N, if you type N the program 
will be lost. 



160-240' pin opp 

250-260 diraensio 
280-320 pm appr 

330-350 coudi » 

391-440 set up « 
450-4M iniiiali! 

481 POKE II 

490-500 initial!* 

variables 
510-410 .elect wo 



740-790 I 

lilKl-tSil . 



10 
























24. 


GOTO 22 



HOME COMPUTING WEEKLY 4 December 1984 



26 GOSUB 2W00 



90 PRINT 



NEEDLEWORK" 
CBRS AND DR 



120 PRINT 

130 PRINT , , » i 

14.0 IF INKEY*="" THEN GOTO 14-SJ 

1*1 LET J(=INKEY( 

1*2 IF CODE U*<29 OR CODE JS.>37 




164- IF U=5 THEN LET 

165 IF U=3 THEN LET ; 
NG TERMS" 

16S IF J=4 THEN LET : 



"RELIGIC 



=3 THEN LET M*r"MOU5EHO 



IBS IF J= 



THEN LET 



»="AIRCRAF 



N WORD" 
170 IF U = B THEN LET 
' MAHBR LEOPARD 



:« = "35 COD 
COW PJRANA 
BERR ELEPHANT DOG CRT FLEA BUT 

ITfcRFLY GORT RABBIT PYTHON RMRCON 
DR PIG MOUSE FLY FOX JAGUAR MONK 
EY TURKEY DONKEY HORSE SPIDER SN 
AIL WOLF HU5KEY TIGER COBRA HUMB 
'■ BULL CHICKEN TUNR PARROT" 

ISO IF J=7 THEN LET W*="35 UOLU 

UAUXHALL FORD OPEL GRANADA AVE 

GER FIAT UNO UlUfl MAX I CAPRI FI 

E5TA BRAKES LIGHTS CLUTCH PEDALS 

ENGINE BOOT BONNET INDICATORS D 

"5MB0ARD HIGHUAY ROUNDABOUT JUNC 

TION RORD BYPASS MOTORWAY PETROL 

GRRRGE RORDSTGN OVERTAKE UIMDOU 

WHEELS ESTATE SALOON'' 

150 IF J=6 THEM LET WS="2S ZIP 

BOBBIN TACKING UPHOLSTERY DRESSM 

, hK.ING EMBROIDERY SATIN SILK MAT 

ERIRL OUERSEUING HEM NEEDLE THRE 

AD COTTON 6EUING STITCH VELVET D 

1 UPION SPOOL HEMINO BUTTON BRSKET 

ZIGZAG PINING COVER" 

, 200 IF J = l THEN LET l.l(i"57 STAR 

LIFTER GAZELLE IROOUIS SCOUT UHI 

1 -....UIMD PEACEMAKER HURRICANE SPIT 

-IRE GREIF COMET UfiMPIRE 3UPERFD 

STRESS MUSTANG LANCASTER STIRLIN 

G WELLINGTON KITTYHAWK SEAFIRE L 

, X6ERATOR HERCULES CANBERRA STRHT 

OFORTRESS MBRUT MOSS BERR BACFIR 

E HAWKEYE BRDGER BLACKBIRD RTLAN 

TIC ORION HA1JK HARRIER BUCCANEER 

METEOR BRONCO TOMCAT HIRAGE HUN 

TER rOXBBT DRAKEN JAGUAR BADGER 

UULCRN M0HA1JK NIMROD 'J IKING -JIGG 

I N FISHBED TIGER ETENDARD PMANTO 

M EAGLE KFIR LIGHTNING GALAXY BE 

AGLE HORNET" 

210 IF J=2 THEN LET W*="26 FRID 
GE FREEZER CUTLERY KNIFE FORK SP 
OON FRESHNER SAUCEPAN A J AX SOAP 
BLEACH BROOM TABLE DUSTER MOOUER 
POLISH CARPET COOKER BUCKET FIL 
T HY KETTLE POUDER TEAPOT FRIDGE 
"OFFEE PEPPER" 

220 IF J=3 THEN LET <J* = , '35 BBC 

m-.ORM HTOM ELECTRON MODEM COREST 

I ORE LINEPRINTER LASERPP.INTER DIS 



C TAPE PUNCHCARD SPECTRUM KILOBY 
TE BIT BYTE WORD KEYWORD FUNCTIO 
N MRINFRAME MICRO COMPUTER PARIT 
Y RANDOM BINARY CHARACTER SYSTEM 

MEMORY OUTPUT SERIAL DRYRUN REC 
CRD FLOPPY 5IGNRL UNIVAC DEVICE" 

230 IF J=4 THEN LET W»-"3e JONA 
H FONT PEU BIBLE VICAR RECTOR 3A 
INT ANGEL CHURCH JOSEPH CHRIST T 
NOMAS EXODUS PRIEST UERGER CHOIR 

CRROLS SUNDRY BISHOP ROMANS JES 
US CATHOLIC PROTESTANT BUDHIST P 
RPTISM CHRISTMAS EASTER JUDAS L 
5TSUPPER HEAVEN" 

240 IF J = 5 THEN LET U*="35 TAPE 
RECORDER ARMCHAIR VIDEORECORDER 
INVRDE BOX HOUSE PHOTO CHEESE BU 
TTER GALORE SflUING YACHT FILLED 
GIBBET STUPID BOARD RECORD STITC 
H FI5M CHAIR SOFA NEWSPAPER PLAN 
T GAS ELECTICITY TYPEWRITER CARP 
— " FLUTE CELLO LETTER ENVELOPE C 



310 + 



U* 



CL5 

LET COUNT =0 

FOR 1=1 TO I 



FOR 1=3 TO LEN 



=COUNT+l 
350 NEXT 
360 CLS 



390 FAST 



THEN LET 



PRINT AT i 
""RSTUUWXY; 
RINT ,,Tho 
RINT P.T 20. _. 
430 LET UC=0 
4.40 PRINT AT 3,26;TS;" 



490 LET ENDSPP,CE»0 

S08 LET START3PRCE=0 

510 IF J=9 THEN LET Q*=W» [3 TO 
LEN UJ> 

520 IF J = 9 THEN GOTO 630 

530 LET P=(INT (RNDiCIIUAL W*(l 
> *10j +UP.L U$iai)))+1.) 

5*0 IF C» IP) ■"Y" THEN GOTO 530 

550 LET CS (P) »"Y" 

S60 FOR 1=7 TO LEN U* 

570 IF W* (1)=" " AND START5PACE 
=P THEN LET ENDSPACEiI 

530 IF W*£I)=" " THEN LET COUNT 
SPACE =COUNTSPACE+l 

590 IF COUNTSPRC£=P THEN LET ST 
rtRTSPACE=I 

600 IF CDU 
ENDSPACE=I 

610 NEXT I 

620 LET OS-W» CSTARTSPACEta TO E 



658 NEXT I 
660 SLOT' 

)1 REH 



630 IF CODE Gjails THEN GOSUB 1 
'50 
690 LET X=lCODE G*J -37 



OC RAM 



750 FOR 1= 
760 LET B» 
770 IF B* = 
730 IF B$=G 

• .:.■ , G s 



LEN OS 
("THEM 



INT AT 22, I 



G03UB 1S3 



RETURN 

FOR 1=2 TO 

PRINT AT I, 

'-3 3C NEXT I 
9*0 RETURN 



FOR 1=1 TO 



18-1, 11 + 1; " 



390 RETURN 



OR 1=4 TO 1 



i'ftf 10, S; "jfe 1 
", AT 



8,7; ' 

AT a,s 



1220 RETURN 

1&S0 PRINT AT 3,1 

■ '; RT 10, 111 "B" J 
1270 RETURN 

1310 PRINT RT 10, 
, '■■"; AT 12,7, "■"; 
U,6; "■■" 

— =r«ZH RETURN 
1360 PRINT RT 11, 

■ " -. rt 13-9; ■'■"; RT 

1370 LET 



YOU LOSE. ,TH 
";RT 22,23; Q 

14.10 LET SC=SC+1 

1420 LET TS=T5+SC 

14.30 PRINT RT 3,2S;T=> 

14-40 PAUSE 200 

USB CLS 

1*51 pl^NT^^OTMER GO (Y/N) " 

PRINT "IF YOU UHNT R DIFFER 
ENT WORD SETPRESS NEULINE" 

430 IF INKEY*="Y 

GOTO 360 

490 IF CODE INKE 



150C IF INKEY*="Y- AMD 

GOTO 1S0 

1510 IF INKEYS="N" THEN 

1520 GOTO 1480 

1521 REM flEBM~ 

1530 PAUSE 25 

1531 PRINT RT 22,0; 

154.0 PRINT RT 23,0; 

DONE YOU WIN 

1550 GOTO 1410 



AND J< :>9 THEN 
* = 118 THEN SOT 
RND J =9 THEN 



.571 POKE 1641 



.572 PRI 



"TYPE IN 



.. SINGLE UOR 
ITH UP T015 LETTERS AND CONTW 
J.NJ.NG LETTERS ONLY" 

1530 GOTO 1610 

1590 PRINT "hTT«T'" iFga " 

1600 IF PEEK 16442<3 THEN SCROLL. 
PUT 



fj2C IF 



IF LEN 



1640 FOR 



:=1 TO LEW 
,'■.56? IF CODE L<% (I.i < 
63 THEN GOTO 1590 
1660 NEXT I 
1670 LET J=9 
1680 LET US="01"+U* 
1590 CL5 



1760 LET RH=IINT (RND*£6 

1770 IF CODE AS(RRJ-37=R! 

QTO 1763 

1730 LET LC=0 

1730 FOR 1=1 TO LEN OS 

1300 IF CODE GJ(I)=37+RA 

T LC=LC+1 

181© NEXT 7 

1320 IF LC 

1330 FOR 1=1 

1S40 IF CODE 

T CU=CUtl 

13S0 IF CODE 

INT RT 22,I*2;CHR$ 

1360 NEXT I 

1370 LET 5C=SC-2 

'■ «*O0 LET AS(RR)=CHRS CRA-f 



GOTO 159C 
OR CODE LJ 3 



THEN GOTO 1760 



Rfl+37 THEN LE 



,■,110 PRINT " 
N5»*»»" 
2020 PRINT , , 
LECT THE 
URNT TO HAUE 
. IF YOU UANT 
ORD THEN 
,UI5 THRT YOU 



*INSTRUCTI£ 



R UORD PICKED FROM 
TO GIVE YOUR OUN U 
SELECT NO. 9. THIS M 

RINT "MRY TYPE ANY SINGLE 
WORD CONTRINING LETTERS O 

NLY !IF THE WORD IS LONGER THAN 
15 LETTERS OR HAS HON RLPHHEETI 
C ITEMS IN IT , IT MIL L BE REJECT 
FD.THE SIGN l=K|«MM3B (JILL APPEBR 

FIND YOU" 
2040 PRINT "MUST RETYPE YOUR UOR 
f.IF IT IS THEN CORRECT, THE SCR 
EEN UILL BE THEN SET UP FOR IT" 
2050 PRINT , , , , "ANY KEY TO CON" 
NUE" 

2O60 PAUSE 4E4 
2070 CLS 

2030 PRINT " IF YOU SELECT ANY „ 
F THE OTHERSTHE SCREEN UILL CLEA 
R FOR A SHORT TIME AMD THE S 
CREEN UILL THEN BE SET UP USING 

R RANDOMLY SELECTED UORD FROM - 
HAT CATEGORY" 
2090 PRINT ,," TO INPUT A LETTER 

JUST PRESS ITtNO NEED TO PRESS 
NEULINE) .BAD LETTERS UILL BE IG 
NORED RS UILL REPEATED LETTERS. " 
2100 PRINT ,," IF YOU NEED A CLL 
E THEN PRESS NEULINE AND ALL TM 
E OCCURENCES OF ONE LETTER INTH 
E UORD UILL BE DISPLAY ED" 
2110 PRINT . . " BlgHggmB AFTER EACH 

UORD IF YOU TYPE »»m"" PFTER T 
HE QUESTION ""ANOTHER GO Y/N 
•■" THE PROGRAM UILL BE LOST" 
2126 PRINT " ANY KEY TO CONTINU 
E" 

2130 PAUSE 4E4 
214.0 CLS 
2150 RETURN 



HOME COMPUTING WEEKLY 4 December ltK4 Pur* \9 



SORDMS 



Racing cars 

speed is the essence of this game. Overtake cars, but avoid 

crashing with them. You'll be surprised just what can be 

done using 4K and sprite graphics. By HCW regular 

Shingo Sugiura 



This is a simple racing game fc 
the tincKpandcd Sotd Mi 
BASICM or BASIC-G. 



middle o! ihc 
avoid [he cai 

c lefl and right 




>ROCRJ 
















120 


let viun = xnm + E(in: 


if X 


KIDM52 then let B t I I > - 


nd 




< 7 ■> - 


9 










130 


if XKIIXG8 thsn let B< 


I I >■ 


rnd(7)+3 






1 48 


iH<YHlIJ = 156J-t<VlUI) = 


t 40> 


>*<X1<II><X+16>*<M1<II>>X 


: '- 






r, let K R = 1 










1 50 


let KU=KU+l: if KU=65 the 


n 1 e 


t 5P<II> = 16=out & 2 B , & E 1 






160 


if KU-12S then let 5P<II 


> = 20 


IOUt £20>£E0 








next I I 










1 80 


lOC 4 to XK, Kl 1 1 et K 1 =K 1 




if Kl>200 then if XK = 60 t 






1 et 


Kl=-50:let KK=t81 else 


1 et 


K 1 =-100 : let XK = 60 






190 


i f • K R.= 8 then Soto 30 










200 


■Josub *CRPSH 












goto 20 










22BIIKIT 










230 


let SC=0 










240 


Print "B" Met X = 1 2 : 1 e t 




)=90:let VI < > =-20: 1 et B( 








t KU=a: let Kl =-508 










250 


let. Xl(n»20B: let Vl(l) = 


-116 


:let B< 1 > =S: 1 et SP<1)=S: 1 


? ' 




XK = 6 


i ! et KR = 










260 


out £28,£FFiout &20.SF0: 




£20>SEF:out S20.SE3 






270 


for 1=1 to 11 




^^m 






280 


O^^^H^^^^H" " : n ext : r et ur 


rr 








290SCRRSH 












scod l,£44!3COl l.Siout 


820, 


SFF«out £20.SEFiout 6 2 , K 






310 


1 oc 1 to X , 1 50: I oc to- 


40.1 


50 






320 


lor 1=2 to 4 : 1 o c I to-40 


, ! 5E 








330 


for 1=1 to 800: neit 










340 


mag 3: 1 oc 1 to K-B ,14 










350 


for 1 = 1 to 800!n<-xt 










360 


ma9 2110C 1 to-40.150 










370 


let SP=3: 1 et 5C-(-SC + KU)» 


18: 


et KU=0 






3B0 


Print eur*ort-11.8il"Voui 










■: ■-■. a 


Print cursor < 13, 10> S SC! 










■1 MM 


Print c u r 5 o r C 1 1 , 1 6 > 1 " R t 


o P 


ay " ; : out £20 . £FF 






■ i i 


if Peek<a702BJ<>20 then 


goto 410 






420 












430SDEF 1NE 










440 












450 


Print "H" = mag 2 










460 


stchr '•03191b070?8eldld 




£40 









4 ■■ ,.! 


stchi- "Idlf937b7b7a?b07 




841 









4 88 


stchr " c 9 S d 8 e e 7 B b Bb & 




S42 









■ ! ■■■■ 


stchr u b8f8c0dede5edee0 




S43 











Stchr " 8040012e5241064c 




£44 









5 1 


Stchr "524a241S172S3040 




£45 









5 2 Q 


stchr "40a040a449d4aS90 




£46 









5 \- 


stchr "505858d40a800100 




£47 









5 •! ■■■- 


stchr "07191blb030e0dld 




£48 









5 5 m 


stchr "Idlf037b7b7a7f07 




£49 









•■■.,,0 


stchr- "e098d8dSc070b0b8 




£4A 









5 r 


stchr "b3fSc0dede5efee0 




£4B 









5 8 m 


stchr "007f4b555555557f 




£50 









5 9 


Stchr "?f7f7*7fl01S1810 




£51 


' . 






.; | . ;-, 


stchr "00fee2e2ee363af.=i 




as2 









1 i 3 


stchr ■•*6cefefe000c8c08 




£S3 









6 2 u 


for 1=1 to 3 










1 


-J. 3 i.-i 


stchr "3030303030303030 




see 


1 +3 






-;. .; a 


stchr "808030808080S080 




£81 


I +3 






c. ■■■ 


stchr " f9f0f0f0f0f0f0f0 




£82 








& -: e 


stchr " f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f 




SSI 








.j. ;■■ <;■ 


stchr " f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f 




£82 










scod , £41 : sco! 0, 9 










,;. - 


scod 2, £48: sea 1 2. £'0 5 










r n e 


scod 3,S48:scol 3, E85 












scod 4 . £50 : sco 1 4>S0D 









HOME COMPUTING WEEKLY A Dereroh 





It's your 
choice 

Take your pick from this high- 
quality selection. Our 
reviewers give you their 
advice 



Grand Prix 

Manager 

j. 48K Spectrum I 

U £6 " 95 

M Silicon Joy. 7A Richmond Hilll 
r 4 Bourn cmomh BH: SHE 




BUYER! 



Specification ar 
opinion of the keyboard, 
creen: General details of tl 
display. Resolution c 
graphics refers to it 
number of dots across an 
down the screen, ihe n 



.^pLii 



colot 



Sound: Audio ability. 

Speed: Overall running speed. 

Languages: Description of the 
operating language of ihe 
computer (usually BASIC) 

Processor: Brain of the com- 
puter. The best and most 
common processor for home 
use is the 6502 — in one of 
its many versions, The ZSO is 
also popular, but mainly in 

AMSTRAD 
GPC464 

Price: E229, E349 
Memory: 64K RAM 32K 
ROM 142K usable) 

Keyboard: Comprehensive type- 
writer style, 12 user-definable 
keys already defined as a 
numeric keypad. Dedicated 
cursor control keys, real space 

Screen: Three modes, 640 x 200, 
320 x 200. 160x200 in 2,4 or 16 
colours selected from a palelte 
of 27 and SO, 40, or 20 
character per line Changing 
modes does not increase 
•nsumption. 



Soph 



: ll.i,< 



the older type of business 
machine. 
I/O: This is a computer's means 
of talking to the outside 
forld. It can mean joystick 



any other ii 






Software: A brief word on what 
kind of software is available 
for the machine and in what 

Opinion: This is what I think of 
the machine after using it 
and comparing it to all the 
others in the test. 

If you are buying a second 
computer or upgrading, the list 
of specifications should help 
you in choosing a machine 
which isn't loo far away from 
what you've been used to. I 
wish you luck, and rather you 
than me! 

included. Very good at certain 
functions like graphics, sound 

spaces everywhere which is very 
awkward. The editor is also 
rather crude. BASIC has some 

Processor: Z80A. 
Speed: Fast. 

Software: Amsoft, the software 
arm of Amstrad, is commis- 
sioning as big a range of 

There should be lots of games 
out in the very near future. The 
games currently out are very 



: recorder. Reliability may 
< problem as Amstrad has a 
reputation for this. Tape 
irders can be incompatible 
i each other in fast mode. 




ATARI 
600XL/800XL 

Price: E99/E199 
Memory: 16K/64K 
RAM {amount usable 
varies with graphics 
mode used) 26K ROM 

Kevbonrd: Full typewriter stylt 
keyboard. 58 kevs. foui 

dedici 

comprising five text modes and 
1 1 graphics modes. Text is 40 
columns by 24 lines in up to 256 
colours. The graphics have a 
maximum resolution of 320 by 
192 in the biggest hi-res mode. 
All characters are user definable 
and come in predefined shapes 
to stan with. Player /missile 
graphics — like sprites — are 
also available. 
Sound: Four channel sound 



Languages: Atari BASIC inclu- 

Forth, Pilot, Logo, WSSMJ 
Pascal, Microsoft BASIC. Two 

also available. 
Processor: 6502 A. 
Speed: Medium to fast. 
I/O: Serial in put /output port 
along with two connectors for 
two joysticks or paddles. Other 
interfaces may be added via 
interface bus. Slot for ROM 
cartridges. Cassette port wil' 
only allow connection of Atat 
cassette recorder at £44.99, si 
this must be taken into accoun 
when considering costs. 
Software: The XL series of soft 
ware is compatible with older 
models so lots of software : 
sale from both Atari — w 
has a library of 500 titles — and 
from independents, including 
US imports. 




ATMOS 

price: £99-179 
Memory: 64K RAM 
<47K usable In text 
mode, S9Kin 
ihics mode) 



tiftS 



Keyboard: Full typewriter. 57 
keys, space bar, dedicated 

definable function keys, two 

functions per key. 

Screen: 40 columns by 28 rows 



display, two user definable 
character sets, eight foreground 
and eight background colours, 
double height, flashing and 
inverted attributes available for 
each character. Graphics screen 
gives 240 by 200 resolution. 



tilioi 






definable on a grid of 40 by 200. 
In each of these areas the 
foreground and background 
can be defined in eight colours. 
Flashing and inverted output is 
also supported. In graphics 
mode three lines at the bottom 



HOMI COMI'l.TIM, UT-lkl V J Divtriibi.-' 



of the screen also appear, and 
these are the same as ihe text 
mode lines. 

Sound: Sound generator with 
three channels and noise 
generator. There is a certain 
amount of envelope control. 
Pre- programmed sounds to 
produce pings and zaps, etc. 
Sound is produced through an 
internal speaker although hi-fi 
output is available through a 
DIN socket. 



BBC-like BASIC planned. 
Processor: 6502 A. 
Speed: Fast. 

I/O: Centronics parallel printer 
port, user port, monitor port, 
expansion connector. 
Software: Badly supported 
from day one. Range growing 

Opinion: 1 

originally compared 
Spectrum, and this was . 
as flu'v «ere outwardly 
and look Ihe 

Form of the de facto st 
Microsoft BASIC. The 1 

better, and ii 
which is lacking in the Si 
machine. Interfaces are buil 
which would normally i 
extra. The eilge that 

The more reccm Spcctru 

software due to internal di 



BBC B 

Price: £399 
Memory: 32K RAM 
(2SK to 9K usable 
depending on 

?raphics mode used) 
2KROM 

Keyboard: Typewriter style. 73 
keys, 10 user definable function 
keys, dedicated cursor control 
keys. Space bar. 
Screen: Very complex. The 
simplest mode is Teletext 
compatible and gives eight 
colours, flashing characters, 
double height, and block 
graphics. Text is 40 columns by 
25 lines. There are seven other 

ranging from 540 by 256 hires 
in two colours with 80 by 32 text 
to 160 by 256 hi-res in eight 
colours with 20 by 32 text. 
All 256 characters are user 
definable in all but the Teletext 

Sound: Three channel music 

with a noise channel through 

internal speaker. Full envelope 

control is available from 

BASIC. 

Languages: BBC BASIC is 

included — a very compre- 




hensive implementation. As 
assembler is also built in for 
machine code access. Forth. 
Lisp and BCPL are also 
available. 
Processor: 6502 A. 
Speed: Fast. 

I/O: RS 432 and Centronics 
printer pons. Four analogue to 
digital converters for joysticks 
etc, eight bit programmable 
user port. The tube allows 
connection of processors and so 
on to disc interface. Econet 
networking, speech synthesizer 
can be added. 

Add-ons: A great deal available 
both from independents and 

Software: A very large and well- 
written range available, includ- 
ing a lot from Acornsoft, the 
maker's software arm. Many 
educational programs of 

Opinion: The BBC is an 
excellent machine if you ignore 
the high price. Support from 
independent suppliers is -upcrh, 
but Acorn has been slow on the 
hardware side. The keyboard is 
very good and there is a useful 
set of function keys. The screen 



computer is used by about 75 
per cent of all secondary 
schools, so it is good for 
education as well as games. It 



COMMODORE 
C16 

price: E139 

Memory: 16K RAM 
(12K or 4K usable 
depending on 
graphics mode used) 



keys can be defined from 
BASIC and ihe layout is 
different. Separate dedicated 
function keys and space bar. 
Screen: Three modes from 
BASIC, 320x200 and 160x200 
graphics, 320 x 160 and 160 x 
160 with five lines of text, and 
40 x 25 text. There are 12! 
colours and flashing all avail- 
able at the same lime. The 
BASIC'S graphic handling is 
superb and unsurpassed. 
Ouiside BASIC there are 
another three modes and UDGs 
vVhich need to be accessed by 
POKEing. 

'Sound: Two channels of sound 
or one sound and one noise 
channel. 

Languages: Commodore 
BASIC 3.5. A full implementa- 
tion of BASIC with 
and the most comprchensii 
of graphis commands on any 
micro. Assembler /monitor also 
included. The screen editor is 
superb and supports full screen 
editing and windows. 
Processor: 7801 (6502 compat- 
ible). 

Speed: Fast to medium. 
Software: Four software 
packages supplied as standard 
— chess, two games, and a 
drawing program. More soft- 
ware should appear as lots of 
these should be sold up to 
Christmas. 




lakes good use of all the Keyboard: Same as Con 
ardware features. This dore 64 except that funi 

^M un< i 



Spectrum beater. The best vi 
computer on the market, coi 
complete with software ani 



PLUS/4 

Price: £299 
Memory: 64K RAM 32K 

ROM (60K or 50K 

usable depending on 

graphics) 

Keyboard: Similar lo the SX64 
in feel. Function keys can be 
defined from BASIC. Cursor 
keys set in a cross shape. 



HOME COMPUTING WEI 



Screen: Same as CIS. 
Sound: Same as CIS. 
Languages: 7801 (6502 compat- 
ible). 

Processor: 7801 (6502 compat- 
ible). 

Speed: Fast to medium. 
Software: Four home/ business 
packages built in — spread- 
sheet, word -processor, data- 
base, graphics. Games software 
should appear as this machine is 
compatible with the C16. 
Opinion: As this computer can 
run all CIS software, games 
should be widely available after 



64 

Price: £199 
Memory: 64K ram 
(40K usable) 20K ROM 

Keyboard: Typewriter quality, 
67 keys, space bar, dedicated 
function keys although full use 
of these can only be had 
through an expansion program. 
Screen: 40 columns by 25 rows. 
16 colours, all characters user 
definable, lower ease, inverted 
output, two character sets. 
There are four different lest 
modes but <he format is the 

difference is in the handling of 
the colour. 

There are two graphics 
modes, 320 by 200 and ISO by 
200 resolutions in IS colours. 
The difference is to do with 
colour: one mode uses the 
attribute system, similar to the 
Spectrum, while the other uses a 
palette system where each dot is 

similar to the BBC or Dragon 

Unfortunately the BASIC 
does not support the graphics so 
you must write your own 
routines or buy a BASIC 
extension. Modes may also be 
mixed. Eight sprites are 
available and although the 
BASIC does not support these 
directly, instructions are given 
in the manual on how to achieve 

Sound: Three channel music 



.... waveform 
selection. BASIC does not 
upport sound directlv 
although,- like the sprites, 
instruction is given in the 
manual on how to use sound. 
Lincuaites: Commodore 
BASIC supplied. Simon's 
BASIC, Forth, Pilot, LOGO, 
Pascal available from Com- 
modore along with BASIC 

Processor: 6510 (6502 
compatible with memory 
banking), Z80 available as 
option. 




I/O: IEEE 488 serial BUS. 
RS231, user port, can ridge 
port, two Atari-type joystick 
ports, four analogue to digital 
converters for paddles or 
I'lopm'niiN.I joysticks. 
Add-ons: Most of the VIC-20 
add-ons produced by Commo- 
dore will fit. Others are 
exclusive to the 64 involve the 
cartridge port, like the Z80 
second processor with CP/M. 
There is also a speech 
synthesizer and several other 
options, including 32 megabyte 
hard discs and daisy- wheel 
printers. Many add-ons avail- 
able from independents. 
Software: There is now quite a 
lot of software around, both for 
games and other applications. 
With business software and the 

peripherals, the Commodore 64 
is one of the few computers 

considered as an effective 
business micro as well as a 



Opin 



ellent 



romputer and the available 

Loftware makes 

features. The big 

disadvantage is that the BASIC 

simple, making it hard to 

ite your own programs using 

: sophisticated features. 

Simon's BASIC, on cartridge, 

goes some wav towards curing 

this. 

On the other hand, it is easy 

use and memory space is not 

:cd to provide fashionable 

features at the expense of the 

functions you really need. It is 

almost totally compatible with 

the PET series of computers 



and the massive base of 
software that provides. Com- 
modore's own cassette recorder 
must be bought at extra cost. 
Although interfaces to domestic 
recorders do exist, it is wise to 
go for Commodore's reliable 



DRAGON 32 

Price: Less than £100 
Memory: 32K RAM 
(30K tO 24K RAM 

usable depending 
upon graphics mode 

used) 16K ROM 



no lower case or user definable 
graphics in colour, but there is 
an inverted output option. Text 
mode docs have block graphics 
in colour though. Graphics 
mode: ranges from 256 by 1 92 
- colour to 128 to 192 in 






Text 



supported in this mode. 
Sound: One channel r 

good software control. 
Languages: Microsoft Extended 
Colour BASIC included, ldemi- 

BASIC. Other languages from 
independents. 
Processor: 6S09E. 
Software: Quite a lot available 
from Dragon and independents 
and Tandy (but check). 
Opinion: This micro is [In 
by its very basic sound system 
and its horrible text mode with 
very limiting formats. The 
BASIC is very good at mar " 
iating screen graphics although 




jf It, IIOMI- (l)MI'l IIM. Wl-I Kl V-l 



get her much better 



continuing availability 



DRAGON 64 

price: varies £200 + 
Memory: 64K RAM (up 



Dragon's big model offers three 

emulation of the Dragon 32, 
Extended BASIC with 48K of 
usable RAM or what the 
companv calls a "soft machine'. 
In this mode the BASIC is 
switched out for machine code 
programs or to add languages 
like Pascal. An RS:>: in terrace 
is standard and the OS/9 multi- 
user operating system can be 



Price: £199 
Memory: 32K RAM on- 
to 12K usable 
depending on 
graphics mode used) 
32K ROM 



ke"° 

though the numeric keys drjui 
with the use of a function key. 
Screen: Similar lo [he BBC 
micro, except for ihe lack of 
Teletext mode, sound and 

Sound: One channel through 
internal speaker, otherwise as 



able. 

I'riKi'-.wr: 6502A. 

Speed: Medium. 

I/O: None on basic machine 

though there is an expansion 

slot into which an expansion 

board can be plugged giving the 

same son of interfacing options 

as the BBC but a! extra cost. 

Software: A growing range as 

software houses convert BBC 

programs. 

Opinion: As this computer is 

very similar lo the BBC with 

only some differences most of 



Ml M I I I I I I I I'l'l | 

M n I I M i I i ill | 
/ i i i i i i i i i i r i i 
i ri i i r ii i i i m 
I l 




Price: varies, around 
£2 50- £300 
Memory: usually 64K 

RAM (24K usable) 32K 
ROM 



Keybn 



I: .Ins 



eonly 



awful ones. Seventy- three key. 
including five function keys and 
dedicated cursor control keys. 

Screen: Up to 40 x 24 KM with 
256x1 92 graphics in IS colours. 
All characters user definable. 
Sound: Three channels plus 

Languages: Microsoft MSX 

Forth may be available. 
Speed: Medium. 
Software: Very little at present 
although it may pick up as 

ing their existing games to fir 
MSX. 

Opinion: MSX is not a single 
computer, rather a single design 
of computer made by different 
Japanese and Far Eastern 
electronics companies. The only 
difference between models is 
keyboard and external 



ling, 






: Yamf 



light 



option-, respectively. 

This has the advantage that 
all of the machines should be 
able to run the same software 
(although in practice this is not 
so) and, lo a greater or lesser 
extent, hardware. 

The resulting compromise 



. marketing, and price 
rill determine whether these 




Sanyo's MSX 

SINCLAIR QL 

Price: £399 
Memory: 128K RAM 
44K ROM (96K usable) 

Keyboard: Plasuc caps on 

machines had some problems 
but latest models are OK. 65 
keys including function and 
cursof keys. 

Screen: 512 x 256 in four 
colours and 256 x 256 in eight 
colours. This gives it the highest 
resolution available but means 
(hat games which need the 
screen to scroll are difficult to 

Sound: Beep. 

Languages: SuperBASIC in 

ROM. A very advanced BASIC 



with many data structures only 

languages. Limited editor. 
There is a large range of 
languages available, including 
BCPL, Lisp, Forth and Pascal. 
Processor: 68008. 
Speed: Fast, but noi fast 

I/O: Large edge connector and 
two RS232 pons (not fully 
implemented). 

Opinion: This should have been 
the major machine of 1984/85 
but due to being launched 
before it was ready and 
software houses' reluctance to 
duplicate Microdrive-based 
software, it has failed to live up 
to expectations. The 6BO08 
processor is one of the favoured 
chips among machine code 



E COMPUTING w 



BUYERS' GUIDE 



programmers. Rumours of a 
revamped machine abound and 
with a i ape inter race this 
' ! si ill be a major 




SINCLAIR ZX 
SPECTRUM 

Price: E99£129 
Memory: 16K48K RAM 



Keyboard: Rubber mai type, 40 
keys, no space bar, definable 
function keys or dedicaled 
cursor control keys, five or six 
functions per key. 
Screen: 32 colours by 24 rows, 
bur only 22 rows arc available 
10 the user. 256 by 176 high 
resoluiion graphics supporled 
by BASIC, iwo colour!, from a 
pa let :e of eight are available in 

Foreground and background 
colours for each of these areas 
an be selected as well as 
hether the contents of the area 
re flashing or not. Two levels 
of intensity are also supported. 

character are available. 
Sound: Internal beeper. 

Sinclair BASIC, 
is an extended 



ZXSO. The 

cover structured programming 

or aid functions and only deal 

with the graphics and file 

handling. This BASIC is very 

non-standard. 

Software: A lot of software is 

available for almost all 

applications, particularly 

Opinion: When the Spectrum 
first appeared it was an 
innovation as the lowest priced 



rived recently 
with better technical specifica- 
tions and more usable memory 

The colour display is not 
good and a colour display 
cannot be produced on a few 
colour TVs. With the Spectrum 
there are a lot of keywords to be 
fitted on a small keyboard. 
Sound is through a beeper only. 






SINCLAIR ZX 
5PECTRUM + 

Price: El 79 
Memory: 48K RAM 
(39. 5K usable) 16K 
ROM 

Keyboard: Membrane keyboard 



with hard plastic uppers. Very 
poor quality. Similar layout to 
the ZX Spectrum but with long 
space bar. dedicated cursor 
control keys, and 14 other extra 
keys. Key layout means that it is 
difficult to play certain games 



n translates i 



press 5678 on the .. 

Keys tend to fall off at regular 

intervale and wear out within 

Screen: Same as ZX Spectrum 
Languages: Same as Z' 

Processor: Same as Z: 

Spectrum. 

Speed: Same as ZX Spectrum. 

I/O: Similar expansion port t 

the ZX Spectrum but in 

physical shape of the back o 



the : 






independent add-ons fitting 
perfectly although nearly all can 
be bent to Tit the back, although 
this is not recommended. 



Software: Same as 
Spectrum although there are 
some problems with key 
scanning, layout, and labelling 
as detailed above. 
Opinion: When you consider 

that a Spectrum ' is ]40 

than a C16 with tape recorder 
included: a Spectrum ' and a 

than a Commodore 64, and a 
Spectrum ', joystick interface 
and a decent joystick cosi as 




VIC-20 

Price: E129 

Memory: 6K ram (5.5K 

usable) 20K ROM 

Keyboard: Typewriter quality, 
67 keys, space bar, dedicated 
cursor controls, four user 
definable function keys. 
Screen: 22 column by 23 lines, 
eight colours for text. 16 for 
background, border and 
graphics. All characters user 
definable, lower case, inverted 



possible 



ith 



;. Hi- 



I60by 12S 
SO by 1 28 in 16 colours. 
Sound: Three channels and one 
noise channel covering nine 
octaves Lh rough TV speaker. 
Languages: Commodore 
BASIC supplied, compatible 
with PET and Commodore 64. 
Extended BASIC, at extra cost 

and user definable function 



keys. Forth. Coma! and Pilot 
are available. 
I'rm-i-ssiir: 65 02 A. 
Speed: Medium. 
I/O: IEEE -INK serial 
RS232, user port, can _. 
port, joystick port, two paddle 
port (two analogue to digital 
converters). 

Software: Many cassette 
and cartridges from independ- 
ents and Commodore. 
Opinion: This is a good 

comes as a package containing a 
computer, a cassette recorder, a 
beginners" guide to BASIC and 
a games tape, so the initial high 
price for a 3.5K machine is 
somewhat offset. The BASIC is 
very easy to learn and is Micro- 
soft-compatible. This type of 
BASIC was first used by Com- 
modore on the first w" " 
available miero in 1977 so there 
is a lot of compatible softwa 
around. 

The C16 is intended 
replace the VIC-20. No mo 
VIC-20s are being made. 









Loony Lander 






48K Spectrum 


Vou get scans like a research 




C2.99 


worm's hideout. They all begin 




Software Supers*™ 


to look and feel Ihe same after a 


















m.umi litem h^gti score of reio, a 




^irm' nhii-mivcs. Once loaded. 


tllCSMlgC .ippCJlCti 111 LMIiL'.M.II 


















rhis piece of software deserves 












cmiiil ii,s!iK,iWvS>e called a ri|>- 




(Ha you seem to be getting a lot 


off! D.N. 


2 


objective and jilaymi; ■.tyti- m 


instructions 30tt 


i 




payability 30% 




iL-peHliie ver> quickly. 


graphics 40Wi 




1 The game isn't particularly 


value for money 50% 


i 


EH'HxlSiS 


Exa 


1 






I 





SCi-fi 

selection ^ 



Gauntlet 
I2K Electron 

£6.95 

. licro Power. Shcenscai Hse, 
SHeenM" Si Sough, Leeds LS5 



If vou feel like going to the %;'X" "",:!: S™ 

moon or battling your way l™r 'Kr.HSfi! 

through the depths of hostile ■;■„,.,.,. ... . 

■ -;ss:„:i space, there could be ■ 1I, S"X, ,»,„, ..,._.. 

Ir:f iSia something here for you HffKrt «".»'." '■ " 

' - ii.Toprevcnl.his> 




Ziggurat 








48K spectrum 


Hrrr] 


table 




E2.99 


»m 


d .ii 












































tst-api' ;iutj idlk'il [he gold mm 


dele 


(5 IBS 


As «a 




Mystery and 
drama 

Here are a few adventures to 
l stretch your mental abilities. 
v Read what our reviewers have 
to say 



Escape From 
The Planet 
Brontltor 
TI-99/aa £4.95 



o the violent past. 



|sh|™ 



i 



I 



The Prince 
48K Spectrum 

E7.95 

C.C.S., 14 l.anBion.Way. Lon 



suited to the votings user. This- mi out;iii> ,:l inc rmo. ;ui.l player* 
program needs EitciiLied^.W taking on more than one role 
BASIC I'.h.HH tii^li dcli-ad mse lit lht,''>-:ivh 

■ ■ Ihc game. »hich is intrigue 
inslniclions 75°/dHH Eaeh player has to approach 

payability 80% ■■ the screen in turn to choose 

graphics 95%HH helpers, ami 10 buy objects »hLcli 

value for money 85 °"H V lhey lhink may hc,p lhsm ' Scl '" 

r.ar.aT.».».i R8 s?«*Kr !°H! 

,^|J| Possession III Illl' right ob.iv.CI, 




Pane 30 HOME COMI'UTINli WLLK1 \ 4 



SPECTRUM PROGRAM 



If you think 
that you can 
survive the rat 
race then try 
this original 
game by 
Andrew Bird. 
You'll need 
fast reactions 



Situation 
vacant 




sbsws? . 


7*" ;#;;;■;■ 


GRADUATE REOl'Hlli 







jfi™ W *E."''>':' 

■ 



liiiMi Ci.MI'l riNG WEEKLY 4 Deter 





SPECTRU 




Listing 






1 REM Typist required By A. G. Bird 19S4 






2 PRINT AT 10,10;"Please Wait": GO SUB 9O00 






3 POKE 23609,30: POKE 2365B.8: LET m*="" 






4 BORDER 7: PAPER 7i CLS 






5 PRINT AT 20,0; INVERSE 1; INK 2;" Typist Required "; INK 3;" By A. G. Bird. 






6 INPUT "name ? "jn*: IF n*=m» THEN BO TO 10 






7 LET m*=nS: GO SUB 7000 






10 LET 1=0: LET ty=0: LET s=l: LET pl=BB: LET p2=B8: LET p3=S8 






1? REM Draw game 






20 CLS : FOR f = 19 TO 21: PRINT AT f,0; PAPER 1;" 






"i NEXT f 






30 FDR t = l TO 23 STEP 11: FOR n»12 TO 14: PRINT PAPER 2;AT n,*:" ": NE 






XT n; NEXT * 






40 FOR f = 15 TO 17: PRINT PAPER 2; AT f,l;" "[AT f,8;" " ; AT f,12;" ";AT i , 19; " 












SO FOR -f=ll TO 12: PRINT PAPER 3;AT f,3;" ";AT f,14;" ";AT f,25;" ": 






NEXT f 






60 INK 0: FOR f=29 TO 205 STEP SB 






70 PLOT f,116: DRAW 0,13: PLOT f+2,116: DRAW 0,13: FOR n=l TD 4: PLOT f,12a+n: 






DRAW Il,n+2: NEXT n 






SO PLOT -f+19,116: DRAW 0,13: PLOT f+21,116: DRAW 0,13: FOR n=l TO 4: PLOT f+21 






,12B+n: DRAW -li,n+2: NEXT n: NEXT f 






90 FOR f=4 TO 26 STEP 11: PRINT AT 6,f; INK 1;"AB";AT 7,*; INK 2;"CD": NEXT f 






100 FOR f=2 TO 24 STEP 11 






110 PRINT AT 8,f; INK 0; "M^B^N"; AT 9,* ; "OMV"; AT 10, -f ; "DaMMR"; AT 11, f;" 






T ll,f+5;"T" 






120 PRINT AT 15,f+l; PAPER 0;" ";AT 10,f+2; INK 7; N EF";AT 16,f+2; PAPER 7; I 






NK 2;"IJ";AT 17,* +2; "KL"; NEXT f 






130 INK 7: FOR f=B TO 1B4 STEP 00: FOR n=0 TD 10: PLOT f,69: DRAW n.lO: PLOT f* 






64,69: DRAW -n,10: NEXT n: PLOT f,69i DRAW 64,0: NEXT t 






140 FOR f=0 TD 12: PLOT O,0: DRAW f,23: PLOT 255,0: DRAW -f,23: NEXT f 






150 INK 1: CIRCLE 20,155,15 






160 PLOT 20,155: DRAW 8,0: PLOT 20,155: DRAW -11,6: BEEP .5,0 






170 FOR *=0 TO 1: OVER f: PLOT 20,155: DRAW -11,6: BEEP .1,-30: NEXT f 






180 FOR f=0 TO 1: OVER -f: PLOT 20,155: DRAW -9,11: BEEP .1,-25: NEXT f 






190 FOR f=0 TO 1: OVER f: PLOT 20,155: DRAW -6,13: BEEP .1,-20: NEXT f 






200 OVER 0: PLOT 20,155: DRAW 0,14: BEEP .05,50 






250 INK 5.- CIRCLE 132,146,2 






260 CIRCLE 138,155,4 






270 CIRCLE 155,164,10 






280 LET sandra=(INT (RND*4>+6> /10: LET hazel^CINT (RND»4>+6> /iO 






290 RANDOMIZE 






299 REM Main loop 






300 IF 1=0 THEN GD SUB 5O00 






310 IF RND>sandra THEN GO SUB 1000 






320 IF RND>hazel THEN GO SUB 3000 






330 IF tyX> THEN GO SUB 2000 






340 IF PEEK 23560=letter THEN LET ty=ty+3: LET 1=0 






350 LET s=s-.001: GO TD 30O 






999 REM Typist 1 I Sandra > 






1000 INK 7: PAPER 0: PRINT AT 9,4;"G " ; AT 10,4;" F" 






1010 BEEP .03,-20: LET pl=pl-l 






1020 PLOT 32, pi: DRAW INK 4; 15,0 






1030 PRINT AT 9,4;" H"iAT 10,4;"E " 






1040 BEEP .005,56 






1050 IF pl>15 THEN RETURN 






1100 GO SUB 6000 






1110 PRINT AT 21,2; PAPER 1; INK 7; "SANDRA gets the job": FOR *=I0 TO 60 ST 






EP 2: BEEP .02,*-10: PAUSE f/10: NEXT f 






1120 GO TO 4000 






1999 REM Typist 2 ( you ) 






2000 INK 7: PAPER 0: PRINT AT 9,i5;"8 ";AT 10,15;" F" 






2010 BEEP .03,-20: LET p2=p2-l 





•til HOMl-.COM]'! MM, ttl-l M Y-i 



2020 PLOT 120,p2: DRAW INK 6; 15,0 

2030 PRINT AT 9,15;" H";AT 10,15;"E " 

2040 BEEP .005,60 

2050 LET ty=ty-l 

2060 IF p2M5 THEN RETURN 

210O GO SUB 6000 

21J0 PRINT AT 2i,2; PAPER 1; INK 7; "tael 1 done ! Y:IU get the jot,": FOR f-1 TO 4i 

: BEEP .01, fi PAJSE 5-f/10: BEEP .01,f+2G: NEXT f 

2120 GO TO 40C0 

2999 REM Typist 3 ( Hazel ) 

3000 INK 7: PAPER 0: PRINT AT 9,26;"G ■' ; AT 10,26; ' F" 
3010 BEEP .03,-2Oj LET p3=p3-l 

3020 PLOT 20a,p3: DRAW INK 5; 15, u 

3030 PRINT AT 9,26; " H";AT 10,26; "E " 

3040 BEEP .005,58 

305O IF a3>15 THEN RETURN 

3100 GO SUB 6000 

3110 PRINT AT 21,2; PAPER 1; INK 7% "the job goes to HAZEL"; FOR f-10 TO , 

STEP 2: BEEP .02,f-lO: PAUSE t/lOt NEXT f 

3999 REM Results of test 

4000 FOR f = l TO 500: NEXT f 

4010 FOR f = l TO 100: OUT 254,,-f: OUT 254,100-f: NEXT * 

4020 BORDER 3: PAPER 3: CLS 

4030 PRINT AT 0,9; PAPER 4; INK O; " TEST RESULTS " 

4040 PAPER 5: INK O: PRINT AT 6,0; PAPER f 

ds per minute" 

4050 PRINT AT 10,0;" ";n$:" ";£ 



4060 PRINT AT 
4070 FOR f=0 TO 20 
30; NEXT f 
4080 PRINT AT 21 

4999 REM Random 1= 

5000 LET letter=INT 
5010 PRINT AT 1. 

5999 REM Test I 

6000 FOR -f=0 TO 
6010 PRINT AT 



; INT ( (S8-p3)*s>; " words per minure" 

l,f: BEEP ,02,f+10: BEEP .03, ++20: B£EF .04, f+ 

a any key -for another test ": PAUSE 0: GO TO 4 



;CHR* letter; LET 1=1: RETI 



PRINT PAPER 7; AT +,15;" ": NEXT f 
PAPER 2; INK 7;" TEST OVER " 
6020 FOR +=60 TO -30 STEP -5: BEEP .02,*: BEEP .Oi,*-lI BEEP .005,t-2i NEXT 1 
6O30 RETURN 

6999 REM Instr 

7000 LET i*=" Following your appl icatior.for tr^e job of shc-rtn. 
are now at the interview andthe Personnel manager requires you t< 

g test at 3 o'clock to see haw good you are." 

7010 LET i*=i*+" You mil sit in the middle of the other 2 girls . 

finish the test before theifi if you are to get the job." 

7020 INK 1: PRINT ; PRINT " Sear ";n*: BEEP .01,50: PRINT 

7030 FOR f=l TO LEN i$: PRINT i*(f); 

7040 IF iS(f)OCHR* 32 THEN BEEP .02,10: BEEP .01,4..): PAUSE 2 

7050 IF f=32 OR f=64 OR f=9c, OR f = 12B OR f = lt>0 OR f = 192 01". f=224 Oi 

SB THEN PRINT : PRINT 

7060 NEXT f 

7070 PAUSE 400; RETURN 

8999 REM Graphics 

9000 FOR g=6536B TO 61.527.- READ r: POKE g,r: NEXT g; RETURN 
9010 DATA 84,56,68,94,56,0,0,0,42,28,34,42,28,0,0,0 
9020 DATA 130,0,65,3,33, 16, 12,3,65 ,0, 130, 192, 132, a, 46, 192 
9030 DATA 0,124,246,218,234,130,2,0,0,30,110,91,87,65,64,0 
9040 DATA 0,0,0,0,124,230,242,128,0,0,0,0,62,103,79,1 
9050 DATA 129,129,129,65,65,33,33,33,2,2,2,4,4,8,8,8 
9060 DATA 17,17,25,38,66,90,126,60, 16,16,176,200,132,180,252,120 
9070 DATA 0,0,0,0,1,3,7,7,0,0,0,0,128,192,224,224 

9080 DATA 7,15,15,15,15,15,15,31,224,240,240,240,240,240,240,248 
9O90 DATA 31,31,31,31,31,63,63,63,248,248,248,248,248,252,252,252 
">100 DATA 63,63,127,127,127,127,28,0,252,252,254,254,254,254,24,0 



HOME COMPUTING WEEKLY 4 Dccembc 



tters Letters Letters Letters L< 
ers Letters Letters Letters Leti 



ij.ii'.iii'hh.m 


I warn to ihank HCW lor 

piinli-ii: programs for Ihc 


d ' Anyi?y.To\'uT n i back ,0 


mill 1 lii.i'nl leiel '1 to, „'. 


My school has been 












u:„>i,.:,, Pu. field's letter in 
Ht_\VKK>ii„liit!, licpltud, 




.srinric. liii, letter, l.iaham 


fl'fJfid. I ju.l hope 






i, ahs.diiu'K 11 1? li 1 when he 


licyoiid do Lords of 


learnt an cnormou, auiouni 






Mi.lnichi and lloom Dmk', 




primed" ■.,.„„-: Inn,: annul 


aiiuhinc available. We 






'Vr'i^i. "!:.,_-' i'i'r"[' "eel in 
December WS4 Chihiir is 
lailllcllill.c - brand tlCU 


the Mmo. in i.. lie 45. 


have been searehinc. tor 


pii.-iblc. (lil.ol't is also 




Mlhoueh liCW doc> inn 








had ,:■„■ M,,,,,, l,ken duo 
thcMpcetiumaud'll-W 4\ 


Clui.tma, and we are 
almoM a, a lo„ a, 10 what 


lh>, -liouid lealli help -lf,J 


tlici .hould -tart a:, voune 


thy pioci.tms thai are 


10 Bel. 






carcfulls ]i r l- [: n i- l- l 1 iluuei 
l')K4. Unci' them ;n lea. I 


iikkii enjoyable. 
Ian V ill mm. Stniod 


timid cue u. .nmc adsicc 
mi ihc subject as we arc 


bcilcr software for 
Chrisunas. Already one 
.ces .ol'Twarc hoa.c. I.ikmc 


begin 10 worry that all these 




■ mi iik^k^k^k^m 


e'oen,,,"e"^Kt',c''",V,"o,,ld 


'"yam'deiishted with ihe 


if vou°tric7 l,ld b<: "" S0Od 








464 and the prompi help 


i' was icry wary of 


game, which mieNl lit 
couipati'd niih Monopoli. 


CH-IEEMM 


one, (01' the Chnslnia:, 






computet name, and mule 

£S.9S intludmg pccp' '"' 

pn.tlti'cci my icani \.i 


' Kecc'i'i'rll ?" I,a'd''' ;in 


Helir Manning Rolhrrhnm 


R W II Dastnt. (iullillord 


programming behind me 1 


!T"i inner, mill 1 would 


unloinin.ilc tnishnn Willi .1 


XL^^^^^^^^M 


E^H^B 


thai' need" r£o S p°e ™maTf3 


keep .t 


MlalK in, laull. 1 .cut ihc 


lit W 1 11 ■■' 1 uiekaa 1 


lamatiiinsitireplyloMrs 


lib^mi-biii'ilteTcare'raany 


ali.a,, :ca,l 'ill'", iOik'i 


lapc (Ito.k Sli.iai 111 hack 


on the day of release. 


who.e Idler .111. puhli.lie.l 


adulls (including in, mini,! 
i,ho find them difficult to 


gives a piud spread nl" 


s.i'iii.l.n in Sosciuhci 1 
cpcclcd .1 In (v.- relumed 


It's an advent iir, 1 have 
,,i.hci itn«\llcclin|'.,al„ml 


ill HCW SB. 
1 am very pleased to sec 


ui, dei -.land and are very 
1, ed I" them. My mum 


(In Ihc one hand are food 


Ihai mine and more older 


mil iiciti Mile lion imylhinc 








people and women arc 




;w"™e y o n f 


-uipii.cd uhen il rtlin IK'J 
tin Iiil-.iI.ii li Noiempci. 


icmch.es oThiiniour" on'lhc 


computer,. 1 think thai 11 i. 




other is the irrilatnic. lack ,.!' 




c\p,,i ihcrc arc man, other 


arc now well 'ctn'.in.lc,'! ii 
ihc t i !!>■■. ftllJ.-aiiLllBl 

nl,'' .'hitmt' .triic.' io 
produce inr-.T.-Linjj ulililic 
as well as arcade and 


round .i ante in.ide ,11,11,1; 


a save focililv. 

There is .willing mo.c 


EsnssrSfi; 


1 think it'i reallv good 




an idvemore and 


c.pc.icil io hkc lllilll', ilk. 


when 1 read letter' iron. 


chance 10 die ii.uiil moan. 


ha oV ,he S wh a o1e in i enjov 


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HOME COMPETING WEEKLY 4 



BBC/ELECTROI 






■Jjal h-Ih 



programs. 

Before plunging in at [he 

deep end I feci we should re-cap 

Ihe basics of user defined 

uactcr (UDC) definition on 

BBC. The BBC's VDU 

command is Ihe command used 

n the programmer wants lo 

I instructions to the "VDU 

ers'l [he pan of the machine 

operating system responsible 

for [he priming and 

manipulation of graphics on ihe 

When wishing lo produce 
UDC's we use ihe VDU23,n,n, 
version of ihe 
command, n represents the 
identification number you have 

followed by eight values which 
inform the computer of the 
shape to be drawn. Although 
this may appear to be quite a 
danniing task, the values 
required lo produce a character 
in [he shape of a man can be 
calculated quite simply. 

Firstly draw an 8 x 8 grid on a 
piece of paper. Next, number 
the columns from right lo left as 
n in Fig.l. Using a pencil, 
: the appropriate squares 
' ve produced the 




Figure 1 



The VDU23 siatement is (hen 
constructed by typing VDU23 
followed by the idenlificaiio*' 

mber (any number between 
uA and 255) and ihe eight 
values calculated using [he grid. 
The VDU command calculated 
from our diagram of the man is 
shown in Fig.l. 

To print ihe character, type 
the following lines; 

I REM Program I 



HOW tO 

create 
multi- 
coloured 

UDCS 



in this article John Revis 

demonstrates how you can 

take full advantage of the 

outstanding graphic 

capabilities of the 

BBC /Electron 



20 VDU23.224.60.60,24,I26,90. 

90,24,60 
30 PRINT CHRS(224) 
40 END 

Having RUN ihe program a 
man should have appeared in 
[he top left-hand corner of ihe 
screen. To colour ihe character 
amend Ihe program by adding 
Ihe following: 

25 COLOUR I 

Running this program will 
colour the man red. The man 
can be primed in various sizes 
by altering Ihe value following 
the MODE command, but 
please ensure that ihe mode 
selected is a graphic mode, e.g. 
■- the 









character will i 

ihe COLOUR 
25 we could prim a coloured 
character Vou have probably 
also noticed thai the character 
was only one colour. To gel 
around the limitations of Ihe 
commands as used so far. we 
must look again ai the 8 * 8 grid 
and oui little man. 

In Fig. 2 we have decided 
which colours are lo be used in 
our character and divided him 
into sections of similar colour. 

As an example we shall lake 
Ihe colour black as used for his 
hair and shoes (Fig.3). These 
give us the character definition 
VDU23, 225,60.36,0,0,0,0,0,60. 




We now repeal this procedure 
for each of the other three 
colours giving us a total of four 
UDC's which should hopefully, 
when superimposed, produce 




graphics cursor. So far we hav 
been using the text cursoi 
which allows you lo prim 
ASCII or use 



position on ihe screen. In the 
case of mode 1 ihis is a 20 x 32 
grid. If we allempl w superim- 
pose our four characters using 
the lexl cursor, as shown in 
Program 2. you will see ihai the 
only visible character after 
running the program is the last 
character primed. In this case 
it's the man's trousers. 

1 REM Program 2 

10 MODE 2 

20 VDU23,225.60,36,0,O,0,O, 

0.60 : REM Hair + Shoes 
30 VDU23. 0.24.24,0,0,66,0,0, ; 

41) VIX ::3.227,0.0,0, 126.90.0, 

0,0, : REM Shirt 
Sll VDU 23, 228, 0,0,0,0,0.24.24, 

0. : REM Trousers 
60 PRINT : PRINT 
70 FOR N% = 225 TO 228 
80 PRINT CHRS|N°.o):CHR 

$(N<Fo<8) 
90 NEXT Nfo 
100 PRINT : PRINT 
110 END 

Immediately following the 

characier on line SO there is the 
statement CHRS(8); this is 
required because having printed 
the firs) characier ihe computer 
automatically steps one charac- 
ter space to the right wailing [o 
the next character. CHRS 



(8) fc 



le left at 



ihe next characier is therefore 
primed directly on top of Ihe 
first one. 

The graphics cursor is much 
more flexible lhan the text 
cursor. It allows graphics to be 
primed anvwhere on Ihe screen 
using a 1280 x 1024 grid for its 
eo-ordinaies. Il also allows 
characters to be superimposed. 
By using the command VDU 5. 
the text and graphics cursors 
become one. everything being 
printed at ihe grarhics cursor. 

Having combined the two 
cursors you will find thai you 
can no longer print at a 
specified point on Ihe screen 
using the statement PRINT 
TABIX.Y); manS; Ihe 
computer must now be given 
specified co-ordinales before 
using Ihe PRINT statement, 
e.g. MOVE 640512 : PRINT 
manS. This prints a man in the 
centre of the screen. By adding 
program 2 
e [he effect of using 



Upon running the program 
the separate parts of our man 
are rccombined to produce a 
complete character and nol just 



HOMl' COMJ'UTiNt; wll Kl V J Dcjunir 



IZOGRAMMING 



). It is 






■ each pan a separate 

GCOL to give colour to a 

To avoid any confusion I 

GCOI 0.1 (prim urn; ■ 
red) c 






used i 

computer expects the nci; iwo 
values entered to be the mode 
of plot ling to be used (User 
■ ' p.262) followed by the 
r of the colour in which 
the graphics are to be printed. 
By issuing this statement before 
priming each character, as in 
Program 3, we can create a 
■n u It i -coloured man. 

I REM Program 3 

10 MODE 2 

20 VDU 5 

30 VDU23, 225. 60,36,0.0,0.0. 

0,60 : REM Hair + Shoes 
40 VDU23,226,0,24,24,0,0,66, 

0,0, : REM Face + Hands 
SO VDU23.227,0,0,0,I26.90,0, 

0,0, : REM Shirt 
ii VDU23. 228. 0.0,0,0,0,24,24, 

: REM Trousers 
70 GCOL0.I3J : CLS : REM 

Colour background white 
80 MOVE 640.512 

REM Print multi-coloured 

100 PRINT CHRSU8); CHRS 
(OI;CHR$[0);CHRS(225); 
0!RS(K);CHKS,nS); CHKS 
(0); CHR$(5);CHI<!m:26>: 
CHRSI8);CHR$<ISl.l MRS 
(f)):CHRS(2);CHKi(2"i. 
CHRi(Xl:CHR$(lXI.( HRS 
(0):( l[RS(4i;C'HRSi:2"l 

110 PRINT : PRINT 

120 END 

Program 3 certainly worts hut 
is not exactly elegant It also 
uses a great deal of memory 
when line 100 has to be repeated 
eachtime you want to print a 
man during the game. 

Once again the ever flexible 
VDU command comes lo our 
;: VDU 225 is identical to 
PRINT CHRSI225). Line 100 

n therefore be replaced with; 

VDU 18.0,0,225,8,18,0,5, 



but the wholi 






coloured character or the man 
can be printed at any lime in 
the program by merely typing 
PRINT manl 

In Program 4 it is the Proce- 
dure. PROCdefine character, 
called at line 90, which is 
responsible Tor assigning the 
daia, necessary to produce the 
mult i -coloured character of a 
man. to the variable manS. The 

lion (User Guide p.64) is used to 
combine all the CHRS state- 

100 in produce one lone -trine. 
manS. This string, when 

information required to carry 
out [he colour changes and 
cursor movements necessary to 
produce our multi-coloured 



which animated characters slow 
down once the number of 
animated characters being used 
is increased. By clever use of the 
techniques you now have at 
your disposal it is quite possible 
to print characters and give 
them the illusion of movement 
without constantly instructing 
the computer to re-draw the 
character in two different 



makes use of the BBC's flashing 
colours. If you, like me, have 
ever ^ordered why the BBC 
computer wasted one of its 
colours by having bolh flashing 
green-magenta and magenta- 
green. then ponder no more. 
The> are the very secrcl of the 
technique. 



he now has four arms, one pai 
pointing upwards, the of. he 
pointing down. This time w 

will colour his stlirl and arms t 
the elbow in magenta. For th 
forearms poinliiiu upwards u 
will use colour 10, flashin 






for 






1 REM Program 5 
10 MODE 2 
20 VDU 5 

30 VDU23,22S,SO,36.(UUU>, 
0,50 ; REM Hair and shoes 

40 VDU23.226,0.24.24,0,0,0, 
0,0: REM Face (no hands) 

511 VUU23.2:7.(.},O.IJ,2?5,24,0, 
0,0 : REM New shirt defini- 
tion i.e. no forearms 

60 VDU23,22S,O,0,0,O,0,24,24. 
0, : REM Trousers 

7(1 VDL'23,229,l2y.l2').(),O,0, 
0,0 : REM Arms up 

XII VDli:3.23(),O,O,0,O,l2y,l2V. 
: REM Arms down 

90 PROCdefine character 

100 manS = a$ : REM assign 
the contents of aS to manS 

110 GCOL 0,131: REM Colour 
ruckuround white 

12(1 MOVE 640,512 

130 REM Print multi-coloured 



14(1 I'RINTmani 

ISO PRINT : PRINT 

1*0 END 

170 DEP PROCdefine eharac- 

180 RESTORE 260 

190 aS = "" : REM ensure Ihe 

100 FOR N»,'o = TO 34 : 
REM number of items or 

210 READcharfo 
220 a$ = aS + CHR$(char%) 
REM concatonate 



260 DATA IS.0,0,225,8.18.0 
1.226,8,18,0,5,227,8,18,0, 
10, 229,8, 18,0, 13, 230, S.IK. I), 



4,228 

Upon running program 5 you 
will see the weird effect of a 
man with four arms, all flashing 
different colours. You may 
think at this point that the 
whole experiment has been a 
failure. If you have faith for 
just a little longer, and replace 
line 80 with the following, f" 
will be revealed. 



Now when you RUN t 
program you will see that o 
little character waves away 
quite happily even though tl 
program has slopped runnin_ 
With a little imagination this 
technique can be used for 
innumerable applications, e.g 
rotating the blades of 
helicopter or turning [lie wheel 
of a car, and all without wasting 
the computer's valuable 

produce Ihe 




HOME COMPUTING WiCKl.Y 4 ikvember 1984 Page 37 





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Pane Jt HOME COMPUTING WEEKLY 4 December 1 



PERIPHERALS REVIEW 



ram Turbo 

Joystick 

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David Martin takes a close look at RAM's new 
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your 






designed for. the Turbo can 
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The whole thing came very 
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In use, the Tutbo is very 
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paiiblc and also 



peculiar Microdrive failures 

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I've paid a loi of m 






the 



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Intrigue Pentathlon (extended basic) £5.99 

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Lionel and the Ladders (extended basic) £7.95 

Quasimodo (extended basic) £7.95 

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