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User's Manual 

/qppLi€D €nGin€€mG' 

A tUrtS*0« OF AE fl£Sf «KM COPPOitA TION 



Applied Engineering 

Telephone Numbers 

Technical Support 

Voice Line - 1-900-369-2323 

Your call lo Technical Suppon will be billed to your phone. 

9 AM lo 5 PM (CST), Monday - Friday 

Bulletin Board System - (214) 241-6677 

300/1200/2400 baud 
8 Bit, No Parity, Full Duplex, MNP-5 

24 Hours, 7 Days a Week 

Do noi rerum any 

product for service wichoul a 

Reium Materia] Auihohzailon (RMAJ number 

An RMA number can be obtained by calling 

Technical Support. 


(214) 241-6060 
9 AM to 6 PM (CST), Monday - Friday 

About The gs-RAM 111 Card 
Memory Expansion~The cs-ram tit allows you 

to increase the Random Access Memory (RAMi capacity 
of your Apple llGS. RAM is the memory that can be both ■ 
read from and wriucn ttv-the addressable memory. Many 
programs automatically look for ^ind use available RAM to 
give them more room to operate (desktop space). Many 
programs load ihemsekes into the available RAM at 
Startup. This greatly increases their perlbmiance because 
it reduces or eliminates the need to access Ihe relatively 
slow mechanical Roppy drives. GS-HAM III lets you 
increase the available system RAM by a maximum of ^ 
Megabytes "MbJ on the board itself, in increments of I 
Megabyte This means thai llGS ROM 03 machines (with 1 
Megabyte installed on the motherboard) can have a total of 
5 Megabytes while the earlier IlCS's can have a total of 4 5 

6Mb~When you want to expand beyond 4Mb, you can 
aUiich the 2Mb "Piggyback" Expander It connects directly 
[Q the GS'RAM Til and adds its 2Mb to the 4Mb on Elie CiS- 
RAM {[[ for 6Mb's of memory. 

RAM DiskS'-Use some of the GS-RAM memnry to set 
up a RAM Disk. A BAM disk acts as an internal, electronic 
hard disk giving you super-Fast access to applications that 
are copied to it Uiading from and storing to a JiAM disk 
can be as much as 20 times faster than a conventional disk 
dnve because ii elimmates the mechanical aaivity 
required hy a conventional drive 

DMA Support-The GS-HAM hi is fully DMA 
(Direct Memory Access) cotnparlble. Any device that 
requires DMA-style memory can use all ihe available 
memory on CS-HAM HI 


AW 3 Expansion Software-wiih your gs- 

RAM. you've also received Applied Rngineering'a AW 3 
Expander software. Thi.s prci^ram will gre^illy enhance ihe 
popular AppleWorks iniegraied software package adding 
such feaiures as more Word Processor lines and Daia Uase 
records, ^n expanded clipbuardn Multiple Disk Save and 

Also included on The AW 3 Expander is a graphic tesi for 
your GS-RAM ITl thai will tell you which, if any, chips are 
bad and will also check for Ihe proper type of chips. 
Refer in ihe AW 3 Fxpandcr tfser'.s Manual for complele 
infonnation aboui ihe disk. 

About This Manual 

Below is a brief description of whar is covered in each 
chapter of this manuaL 

Chapter 1 will lake you quickly through the 
installaiion and resfing of your GS-RAM III card 
Chapter 2 lells you how to use some of the expanded 
memory as a RAM disk. This is a great way lo increase 
the access speed lo differenl applications. 

Chapter 3, is mentioned above, helps you to decide 
what chips you wUl need lo expand ihe memory of 
your GS-EiAM [[1 card, Tl also explains how lo install 
the chips yourself as well as how to reium the card 
to Applied Engineering for a memory upgrade with 
no additional charge for the insiallaiion ar^ icsilng. 

Appendices provide you with iasimaions on what lo 
do when you cncounier a probiem thai is not covered 
in the manual. 
We have [lied lo make this manual as informalivc. 
understandable, and error-free as possible. If you have 
any comments or suggestions regarding rhis manual or 
any other /E manual, we would be glad to hear from you. 
Please address any comments or sugge,siions fo: 

Applied F-ngincerlng 

P.O. Box5ia> 

Carrol Hon, Tenas 75011 

Anention: Manager, Technical Publications 

NOTjf. turn the page and let the memnry begin/ 


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Table Of Contents 

Introduction- ABOUT TiiEGS-RAM m 

tnsta Nation 


Setting Up 3 BAM Disk 
Addressing the GS-RAM m Disk 
Using the GS-RAM [[I RAM Disk 




ciiAFnai Three - adding more memory 

Memory Encremenis 
Where to Gel Chips 
Chip Choices 
Installing the Chips 

Getting HELP 

Returning a Pioduci 




Getting Started 

* Note If you're using GS-RAM III with Ihe 
RamKeeper, plug it into the front side of the 
Ram Keeper only. 

This chapter tells you how to inscaJl and test the gS-RAM 
111 memory expansion card. Before you install your 
memory-expansion card, please be sure you are familiar 
with Setting Up Your Apple llGS and the A^is iiGS 
Owner's Guide. You1l need to be panitularty familiar 
with the Control Panel functions as this manual makes 
frequent reference to the Control Panel menu. 

1) 1\im off Ihe eomputer. 

Leave the computer plugged in but flip the power 
switch to the OFF position 

2) Remove the Apple llGS cover. 

Locale the two latches on elcher side of the backplate. 
Push in on the latches while pulliny up and back on 
the lid, 

3) Touch Ihe power supply case. 

The case is shown in the illustration below. This will 
discharge any static eleariciiy thai may be on your 
body. Do not skip this step, gta^it; electricity can ruin 
phips on the board a nd in the compuier. 

4) Remove ihe menHKycxpansion canl fram Its anti- 


Hold the card by ihe edges, like a phoiogiaph. Do not 

touch Ihe gold fingers of the card. 

5) Check the position of the switches. 

TTie switches are located towanl ihe top left edge of 
the card The posilion of the switches lets ihc 
computer know how much memory is on ihe card. 
(Refer lo following illustration,) 

Ch I - Galting Started 

ConliQuralion Swild^s 


C5 RAH 111 


Location of ttie Switches 

VouT hnani may use eirher Flip Switches or Rocker 
Switches. Refer lo the drawing below for proper 
se [lings. 


Switch 1 


1 MegiiLiyic 



2 McgabyTe.s 



3 Megabytes 



4 Megabytes 



Rip Switches 

1 Meg 

^:::fe^T/1 ^-^^r/l 

2 Meg 

3 Meg 


4 Meg 

1 Meg 2 Meg 3 Meg 

flocker Switches 
Check the Switches 

IVRiUon tlic mettjory cKpansion card over the 
Memory Expansion Slot 

The Memory expansion slol is located m the front 
right comer of Ihe computer. Hold the card so ihai 
the long end of [he raid is toward the rear of the 



7) Insert ibe card. 

Warning: Et is possible to install the canl into the slot 
backwards. Make sure that the end marked "FHOr^" 
on ihe card is toward ihe front of the computer. 

Insen the gold edge-connector into the Memory 
Fjtpansjon Slot until it is completely seated. Tbe chips 
Witt be/uciag ttepituvr suppfy on ibe tejl side oftbc 
tt>mpwier.You can wiggle the card genily, hack to 
front, to ea'iurc a firm conneaion. 

@ Replace Elie Apple IlGS cover. 

Shde the front of the lid in first, then press on the 
back edge until It snaps Into place. 

9) Cbeckthe RAM Disk selling lo verily correct 

You can venfy that the computer recognizes the 
additional memory by ctiecking the RAM Disk opilon 
in ihe Control Panel menu. Those using Finder v!.3 
can select die Control Panel option from the Apple 
menu and then select the RAM icon. If you're using 
an earlier version of GS/OS or ProDOS 8, access the 
RAM option by doing the following: 

i> Turn on the computer [hen access the Classic 
Desk Accessories menu by holding down the 
Open-Apple and Control keys while pressing 

ii> Use the tip and down arrow keys to select the 
Control Panel menu and press "return". 

Ui) Select the RAM Disk option and press "return" 

ivj The number next to the Largest Selectable listing 
telLs you the amount of memory that the system 
now has available 
10) MakcacopyoftheAW3ExpaniJcrdl}ik. 

[t is very imponant to make backup copies of your 
master disks when possible. The AW 3 Expander disk 
is not copy pri^leclcd. You can copy it using the ilos's 
Finder" Simply drag the AW i icon to the icon of the 
destmation disk. 

Ch. I - GeTling Stoded 


ir you don': use ihc Finder, you can use ihe ^Copy 
Files" cplion of your gs uUtHy disk or ihe 'Fi'^'" 
program included on The AW 3 Expander disK^ 

♦ I^ote. [nsliuciions for copying with Filer are included 
in ihc Appendix of Ihe AW 5 expander manual. 
Instructions for copying with Sysiem LTUlilics a:e 
included in, Appte 1/G5 System Disk User's Guide 

After you copy Ihe dlsk^ store the master In a safe 
11) Test the card. 

Bool your COPY of ihL- AW 3 Expander disk and 
select the C.S-RAM Til Test program from the mam 

« WARNiSG: The GS-RAM [[[ rest program wil 
any files or programs stored in RAM, 

12) Instalbllon b complelel 



C hapter Two 

The GS-RAM ill as a RAM Disk 

Many of the newer application programs take advaniagt? of 
the extended memory auiomaiically. Flowever, you may 
livanL to use pan of Ihe extended memory [o emulate a 
RAM disk. Crearing a temporary KAM disk will give you 
much faster access to some applications t programs which 
do not auiomaiically take advantage of the increased 
nsL-mofy) Hk" following section explains how to create a 
tempKirary RAM disk. 

Setting Up a RAM Disk 

If y<ju want to set up the GS-RAM III as a RAM Disk, run 
[he Control Panel progrjm from ihe [[CS De^k 
Accessories Menu (under (he * menu or press control- 
i^-esc). Then select the KAM Disk option. 

You must first lell the computer how much of ihe card's 
memory you want lu set aside for use as a RAM disk. Tiie 
minimum setting limiis the amouni of memory that 
applications can use. The maximum limils how much 
memor>' ihe BAM disk can use. You'll wanl to leave 
enough memory open lo support the pnjgrams ihul 
automatically take advantage of the extra memory 

* Mote If working with GS/OS or an applicaiion that 
uses a version of ProDOS before I.2. (he minimum 
and maximum RAM disk settings must he equal. 

If an application needs more memory than you have 
allotiedH a message to that effect will come up on the 
screen. You can adjust accordingly by selectmg "RAM 
Disk" the Control Panel program and decreasing the 
maximum HAM diik sii'^e 

Changing the Control Panel sciiin}^ will nor change the 
currently established RAM d[sk. You will have to turn off 
the power to e.^iablish a RAM Disk of a different sli^e The 
new settings will take alfeci upim ^lanup. 

Ch 2 - GS-PAM III OS a RAM Disk 

♦ Remember Powehng tlown will Fn rum erase whai ui 
currenlly m (he [cmptiiary HAM dirik you Itavo 
created. Save any dau rroni the KAM Ihai ynu dci 
n(ir wan( to erase before powt'nng down. 

Addressing theGS-RAM Itl Disk 

Some applicalions may ask you lo idcnliFy your RAM disk 
by 5!oi and drive number 

SLOT: The CS idcmifies your mock RAM disk in sloi 
5 just as it recognlsies a 3 5" drive as being in sloi 5. 

DRIVE: The drive number will depend on what you 
decide to use as your startup device. Drive 1 can be 
e[[her [he RAM disk or 3 3.^" drive. Chooae one or 
the other usmg rhc "Skits' headln>^ under the Conirol 
Panel Hrogram 

- Firsi. make sure sloi 5 is sec to "J^m^n Port ' 
" If you wani llie computer lo btxjr your HAM disk 
ai startup, select "RAM Disk" next lo the "Startup 
Slot" ticadlnR. The GS will recogm^e the RAM 
disk at, S5,D1 and Ihe 3.5" drive will be S5,D2, 
If you want the ctfmputer lo hoot your 3 5" dnve 
at stanup. enter "5" for "Scan") under the "Stanup 
Slot" heading The GS will recognise the 3.V 
drive ai Si,Di and the RAM disk will l>e S^,D2. 
" A second 3 5" drive will be S2,D1, The following 
chart may help you to urvderstand: 

Boot "Slot 5" 

Bool "RAM Disk" 

S5.D1 — 3.5" drive 
S5.D2 — RAM disk 
S2.D1 — 3S'dnve 

S5,D1 — RAM disk 
S5,D2 - - 3,5"anvB 
S2.D1 — 3.5"dnve 

i\ate: [f using ProDOS" Ul,l. your second 3 5" drive 
(S2,Dn will noi be rccogni/ed. This early ProDOS 
version allows only two devices per sliM. Sec your 
aulhori7ed Apple dealer to upgmdc your applications 
which use ProDOS 1. 11. 


Using the GS-tlAM til MM Disk 

Now you are ready to wic the RAM disk you have 
created. Think of it as a regular disk. You can format it 
then save or copy docutnents or application.s onto il 

Remember: The HAM disk is only a dissk as lon^ as Ihe 
power is on. The information it contains is lost when 
the pcjwer is turned off (unless you have saved that 
informaELon lo a disk or disks). 


You need to formal the RAM disk only IT you plan In use 
It as your startup device, Tlie di-sk wil! be aulomalically 
fomiatted at siartup for saving and copying. So. if you plan 
only to save to and copy to Ihe disk, you don't need lo 
worty about fcjmiatting. If. however, you plan to use Ihe 
RAM disk as a startup device, formal Ihc disk just as you 
would a regular disk Ftirmai for eilher ProDOS, Pascal or 
Applied Fngineering's CP/AM Hi. I or laierj depending 
upon the opeEaling sysiem of the application! s) you 
intend lo store on the RAM disk. Here are a few ways lo 
formal For ihe different systems: 

• Format for ProDOS using Ihc "Format" option on 
your ITGS System disk or Ik.S System Utilities, 
Or. you may find ii easier lo use the Finder's 
'Format Disk" option under the "Special" menu 

• Format for Apple Pa.^al 1,3 by X-ecuIing Ihe 
■Pormaiier" program on your Pascal disk, (Refer 
to Apple Pascal documentation for more 
information on fomiaiiing for Pascal.) 

• To formal for CP/AM versions 5.1.1 and 
following, refer to the formatting insinictions in 
the CP/AM manual. 

* Note Do not try to formal ihe disk for DOS 3 3 Tlie 
3.3 jpplications were designed for use with 5.25" 
dLsks and will not work with Ihe llCS RAM disk. 

You can give the RAM disk any name thai the operating 
system will allow. 

Ch. 2 - GS-RAM III OS o RAW Disk 


You can copy programs lo ihe RAM disk wiih [he "Copy 
Filea" option on yaur Sysu^m Uliltty Disk. You may prefer 
lo use Ihc Finder lo make direct copies of ProDOS 
applications by clraRging ihu iipplicaiion's icon lo your 
HAM disk's icon. 


You can save documents on;o the RAM diik |usL as you 
do on a regular di^k. Bui be sure lo save the lotnenisj^f 
wur RAM liisis on a ly^uJar foTJiiiitied tlisii in\!hrc \^>u 
turn off the poti-er. You witl mosi likely want lo ^ave lo a 
regular disk dunii}f uhe lo keep documems from being 
lost due to power .surges, power loses, and oiher 
friiMiarmK occurrences. 


Chapter Three 

Adding More Memory 

Memory tncrements 

Your GS-RAM 111 can be expanded in 1Mb increments up 
lo 4Mb on Ihe board. When you want lo add more ihan 
4Mb, you can attach the 2Mb "Piggyback" F-xpander for a 
loial of 6Mb Call vt sales ai (2l4) 24l-606O for more 
infonnaiion alxjut Ihe Expander. 

Where to Get Chips 

Selection of the proper memory chips For yourcS-RAM 
TTI can be a linle tricky There are several chip 
manufacturers and many different types and specifics I ioiis 
of RAM chips available. 

You may be able to find memory chips with the proper 
specifications at some computer or electronics- parts 
stores. But we recommend that you purchase ihem from 
Applied Engl nee nng. Applied Engmecnng receives bulk- 
quamiry discounts on purchases of memory chips and can 
often offer them for less. Applied Engineering uses only 
Ihe highest-quality memory chips. When you get ready 
for more memory, give Applied Engineering a call You'll 
bo assured of getting Ihe right chips at the right price. 

Chip Choices 

Your GS-RAM lU can contain up to 4 Mb using I Mb x 4 
Cl megabyte by fourj ZIP DRAM chips. You need lo use 
120 nanosecond L-12) chips or faster. Memory on Ihe card 
is organized into fotir blocks, labeled on Ihe card. Each 
block consists of iM2 memory chips. You must add these 
chips m groups of two, filling ihe blocks in order 1Mb 
thui 4Mh 

tnsf ailing the Chips 

There is nothing complicated al>oui installing RAM chips 
onto the memory expansion cards. Just follow these basic 

Ch. 3 - Add>ng More Memory 

Fill the memory blocks in numerical order. Refer lo the 
illu5ira[lnns below. 

IJ Remove the card &i>ai your compuicr if ilia 
ciurently insolkd. 

* Wamiitg'. Static electricity can ruin chips. Touch [he 
power supply before handling the board or the chips. 

$ t\»itkni the di]p so Ihsi thenoldi(ordol.on vunc 
chips) points Wj away from ihe gold edge^onneODT 
OQ the booooi of the caid. 

,^Onanlation Notch 



MA 2M 3M 4M 





GS-RAM III Configuration 

Waraiag: If you insTjU :i chip upside down 11 cnuld 
possibly damiige the chip, lie sure to double cht'ck 
the orientation dot. 

3) AUga each leg (plii)orthech]p with its socket hi>k- 

Yoii may have lo bend the pins alujiuli to align them 
with Ihe holes. Do this by holding the chip on edge 
so that one of the rows of feel are against the table's 
surface. Now jpply downwanl pressure to the chip 
while rolling It toward Ihe bottom of ihc pins. This 
will bend The pins uniformly. 

4) Press down Bnnty on each chip. 

This ensures that it is fully scaled in Us sockeL Check 
closely for beni pins. 



Set the SwtrcheAi. 

You musi have ihc swirche:; in the proper position In 
order for ihe correct amount of memory lo be used. 
Your board may use cither Flip Switches or Rocker 
Switches. Refer to ihe drawing below for proper 


Switch 1 


1 Megabyte 



2 Megabytes 



3 Megabytes 



4 Megabytes 

on I on 1 

Flip S Welches 

1 Meg 2 Meg 3 Meg 4 hAeg 

1 Meg 

2Mflg 3M€rg 

Rocker Swichos 
Set the Switches 

a Meg 

€) ReijisUil] the card then test it using the appropriaxe 


* Warning: Make sure thai ihe enj marked TRONT' on 
the card is toward ihc from of [he compuier. 

The memory test is included on Ihe aW 3 Expander 
disk. The lesi will give a graphic represcniaiion of the 
card and indicate which chips arc missings bad or 
impropedy iastalled. 

Ch, 3 - Adding More Memory 


Getting Help 

If you have i lechnical question rebiing lo your CpS-RAM 111 
card or any oiher AE product that is not covered in the manual, 
please conraci [he dealer fram whom ytxi purchased ihe 
produce. IF you are expenencing dJfTjcu!lie& wlEh a punicular 
program, coniacl the program^s author or publisher. 

[n ihe evenl thai Ihe dealer or the publisher's support personnel 
cannot answer your question, call AE Technical Support. The 
suppoiT re presenra rives are experienced in the applicaiJoni and 
uses of Applied Engineering products, buE in oider to provide a 
quick and effeaive answer to your queslionn they will need to 
know as much as possible about the hardware and software 
specifically related to your question. Please provide the 
technical suppon repreaeniaiive with the following information: 

C The Applied Engineering product related to your question 

and its revision number. 
The ongirul and current memory configuration of the 

card (ii applicable). 
The model and revision of your computer, 
Wimt peripheral:^ are being used and what cards are in 

each slcK. 
The name, version, and revision level of the software with 

which you are experiencing problems. 

The results of any test prngmms. diagnostics, or 

iroubleshtxjting done by you, your dealer, or your 

software publisher's suppon department. 

Applied Engineering 

Technical Support 


9 AM to 12;30 PM & 1:35 PM to 5 ?M^CST) Monday - Friday 

iVuLiT tail [d T[:fhnic:at Suppon ^vijl be billed co your phiine 

Please call unly the number above fnr ledinita] suppiMt Our ^alf.-j "ffice 

k;3nnrH tc^n^fcr calls ir> itic auppur? Lnes J 

BuUelin Bdsinl Sysiem 

U14> 241-6677 

2^ hcjurs, 7 days a week 

5OO/120O/24OO Baud, B Hit, No Parity. Fiill iJuplex, MNP-5 


12 seRAM 


Notes returning a Product 

fiMA Number , Return form, ond Invoice 

if your product needs :□ be relumed, Ihe technical 
suppon repfesentiilive will give you a Retum Material 
Au[hori?alion (RMA) number. 

Q Record the RMA number for your own records, 
Q Write the RMA number on your package label, 
O Fill out the Return Form on back oF !hc nodce 
marked 'Aireniion!" A complete form will greatly 
reduce ihc lime il rakc» lu rclum your |3:]ckiigc. 
G Attach a copy of your original invoice to Ihe Form. 

* Wamiitg [f you don't include an invoice, 
products will be ireaied as out oF warranty 
products and will be relumed to you C.O.D, 
For ihe amount of the service charge. 

When You Ship 

If you don't have ihe ohsinai packing material, wrap the 
board in a nti -static material < preferably the a nti -static hag 
in which the card was originally shipped^ however, 
aluminum foil wiH wori( Fine). Puck il in a sitirdy box 
cushioned with wadded papers (i e. used computer paper 
or newspaper) 

^ Warning IF your produa is damaged due to 
in adequate packing, your warranty will be void. 

Include Lhe reEum form and invoice 

Send the package, shipping prepaid, to: 


AppUed Engineering 

TechnkiJ Support 

3210 Bek Line Road, Suite 15^ 

Dalhs IX 75234 

You should insure your package. /+: will not as?sume any 
responsibility For inadequate packing or loss or damage 
during shipping. 

App- - letting Help 13 


Wti«n We Receive 

Our service depanment wKl use your completed form in 
an actempL Lo duplicaic ihe problem. 

If ii Is deremiined ihai your product is defecTive due to a 
manufaciuring defect, your card will be repaired or 
replaced 3,1 -€'s oplion. 

Any mijiuse, abuse, or non-^ authorized aheraiion, 
modification, and/or repair !o The Applied Engineering 
product will void ihe warramy. This warranty wilt also be 
vfijri if you use ihe .^ product for any purpose olher than 
its intended use. 

Your prtxluct will be fully tested before il is shipped 
back lo you, iransporiadon prepaid, via IJPS regular 


14 ss-RAM