Skip to main content

Full text of "Commodore Mail Link Newsletter Issue 4 From July 2006"

See other formats











Meeting News 
July, 2006 

If you have the summer doldrums, maybe it is time to reflect on how quickly 2006 has passed and the 
fact that we are more than halfway to 2007. Scary thought, since it seems it was almost yesterday we talked about 
entering the year 2000. 

— By now, hopefully some of you had the opportunity to travel to the Ohio (U.S.) area where the 
Cincinnati Commodore Computer Club sponsored a weekend of Commodore fun over June 3-4, and maybe 
someone will be brave enough to write an article about the event. Another event on the horizon is Commodore 
Vegas EXPO, v2 (CommVEX2), held in the Las Vegas area July 29, and we would likewise welcome any report 
or review of that event. You do not need be a professional writer to report, but writing even a chronology of the 
event would be helpful to those of us out in the hinterland who cannot attend. 

Member George Jakenta has a new eddress: which is and enjoys pen pals 
via email. | 

I did receive some positive feedback on mention of Pocket Planner 2 in our May 2006 MaiLink. 
Quite naturally, PP2 was discovered years ago by many Commodore users and it is still quite popular, and 
deservedly so. Most of us have friends and relatives who use other computer platforms, which supposedly have 
the very latest and very best of software as well as hardware, but when one looks deeply and carefully at these 
claims, they often fall apart, or are accompanied by all sorts of qualifiers. One perfect and blatant example of 
software misrepresentation (in my opinion it is outright fraud) is that of a very popular software package that many 
consumers and tax preparers purchase every year for completing and printing income tax returns for both U.S. 
federal and state. Each year new glitches have been added and this year was the grand finale. TurboTax leads the 
buyer to believe he will be able to load TurboTax onto his computer, then the software will do all the work of 
calculating taxes, as well as printing the appropriate forms. NOT! The user discovers after opening and loading 
TurboTax that he stil! must be online for it to work! Further, there was an error in calculation of estimated taxes on 
at least two occasions. Also, the person I know using TurboTax said he went online with TurboTax, waiting, 
waiting, waiting, and finally after 45 minutes he gave up and did the final calculations himself. He even wondered 
if there was a live person somewhere in cyberspace sitting at a calculator, feeding numbers back to all the poor 
souls who bought TurboTax and were sitting online waiting for "the software to work". In truth, we know 
perfectly well that the Commodore can be easily programmed to calculate basic tax returns, and can also be 
programmed to calculate more complex ones. It is just a matter of someone doing it, and experiencing the cruel 
joke inflicted on unsuspecting tax software buyers this year is enough to make one seriously consider writing a 
barebones tax package for next April, for the Commodore of course. 

We have been in contact with the author of GoDot, Arndt Dettke, and hope soon to begin a series 
on using GoDot, a C64 Image Processing program. Until then, we hope you enjoy this July issue. 

--President, Linda Tanner- 

renee menrnnreen 

BUSINESS OFFICERS: (addresses are in BIO’'s) 
PRESIDENT : Linda Tanner, 

Handles group business, compliments, complaints, threats, etc. 
TREASURER: Emil Volcheck, Jr. 

receives dues, donations, balances bank account, disburses monies; 
PUBLISHER/MAILER: Richard Savoy;; 
prints and mails CML; sends late reminders; 

ARCHIVIST and MANAGING EDITOR: David Mohr,; oversees receiving, maintaining and 
copying CML archives; backup editor, 

MEMBER BIO EDITOR:Brian Vaughan:; edits member addresses and BIO’s; denotes 
member as "Friendly Correspondent" in BIO’s at member request; 
E-DDRESS EDITOR: Joseph Fenn,; 

maintains email addresses of members; posts list online; 
WEBMASTER: Andrew Schwartz,; 
maintains MaiLink website, http://mailink.; 
()UESTION & ANSWER MAN: Rolf Miller, answers C= related 
questions of wide variety;; 

YELLOW PAGES EDITOR: Richard Savoy, maintains resource 
lists of C= products and services; produces Marcl/September Yellow 
Pages; RSavoy5578& 

\LAILINK-ON-DISK EDITOR:Ken Barsky;creates disk version of 
('MJ. for subscribers; 




‘he Commodore MaiLink (CML) is published every other month by 
\feeting 64/128 Users Through the Mail, copyright 2006 by Meeting 
64'128 Users Through the Mail. All rights reserved. Permission given 
io reprint if credit is given to the Meeting 64/128 Users Through the 
\fail. The names, "Meeting 64/128 Users Through the Mail" and 
"Commodore" and "CML" are also copyrighted. Any and all 
opinions expressed in this publication are the views of the authors, and 
no way necessarily reflect the viewpoints, attitudes or policies of 
Meeting 64/128 Users Through the Mail, unless so stated or indicated. 
Neither Commodore MaiLink nor Meeting 64/128 Users Through the 
\{ail condones piracy of copyrighted software or other material. All 
»rugrams published are with the permission of the author, or are to the 
best of our knowledge, in the public domain. Software offered for sale 
:s said by the seller to be either public domain, or 1f commercial, is the 
anginal disk with original documentation. All manuscripts or any 
matenal for review or publication should be sent to the editor of the 
next issue. Commodore MaiLink reserves the right to edit 
\fembers may place free Commodore BUY, SELL, TRADE ads in the 
\faiLink. Send diskfile or short note of ad to next editor. 

EDITOR GUIDELINES: (abbreviated version)) = 

Editing a newsletter involves collecting articles, programs, 
and other items, then placing these items in printed newsletter 
form. An editor may opt for the "cut and paste" approach, where 
articles, once printed, are literally cut and pasted onto each 
"master page". Or, publishing software may be used. 

Editor should where possible use the two-column per page 
and right and left page margins, except page 2, should be no less 
than 3/4". Most text should be 12 point or larger anda good 
rule of thumb is to use no more than three fonts per page. 

Requirements for the Editor include, regular columns such as 
TWS, geoPublish Tutorial , BASIC, and Q&A DESK, and if 
submitted, ARCHIVES, BUY/SELL/TRADE ads, Treasurer's 
Report, Obituaries, Announcements, Address Changes, and 
New MemberBIO’s. Also the Editor must detail the computer 
system, including software and hardware and printer used in the 
production of the current newsletter, as well as name, 
requirements, and deadlines of next editor. This could be in two 
separate columns: "The Editor’s Desk" and "The Next Editor’. 
If as Editor, you receive more than enough to fill pages 3-18, you 
will then forward to next editor the excess submissions. 

The Editor should edit each item as it arrives, creating a 
diskfile and a backup diskfile, making certain a TWS version, or 
TRUE ASCII, of all disk files is (also) created. A good, clean 
"master copy " on single, unfolded sheets, printed on one side 
only and protected by cardboard should be sent to our Mailer, 
Richard Savoy, by the first day of the month you are editing. 
NOTE #1 TWS or TRUE ASCII diskfiles should be sei > 
CML Disk Editor, Ken Barsky. NOTE #2: to include a color 
page, send 100 completed sheets of that page, printed on both 
sides (ready for insertion into CML), along with the “masters” . 
If you are new at editing, a second copy of CML (copied on the 
back of junk mail is OK) should also be sent to the President for 
proofreading purposes. 

Always keep your backup disk in a secure place until the 
MaiLink is in the hands of members. If you suddenly realize it 1s 
near the first of the month, and you are running late, notify the 
President who can help expedite matters. 

July 2006 Editor: Andrew Schwartz 


Send completed application, with check or money order made 
payable to Emil Volcheck, Jr., to: President, R)} Box 120T, 
Black, MO 63625, USA. Dues are $15 USD for continental U.S.. 
$17 US for Mexico and Canada, $25 US for all others. Add $9 
for MailinkOnDisk, $3 for "free" disk. You will receive 
Commodore Mailink in January, March, May, July, 
September, and November, plus COMMODORE YELLOW PAGES 
and IQ's in March and September. Enjoy. 


Commodore MaiLink, July 2006, pg. 2 

face Tes 

De ae oe 

Wy See ee te 

By Andrew Schwartz > | a 

This is my third opportunity to be a guest editor 
and I have enjoyed it as much as all of the other 
times. The only drawback for creating the 
newsletter is the lack of club submitted articles. 
We have some excellent regular columns but 
little submitted filler. 

I used the following to create this issue: 

MPS 803 — Draft copies 
Cannon BJC250 Printer — final 
Personal Newsletter Creator 
The Internet 

Fresno Commodore User Group 

If you are planning to purchase tickets for the 
Commodore Vegas Expo raffle prizes and are 
planning to send a check/money order, please get 
them to our club address by July 28. After July 
28, no one will be around to check on the mail! 
Paypal purchasers don't have to worry about the 
postal mail. More information on the 
CommVEXx raffle prizes is at or at: 
and click on ComVEX. 

If you have missed out in getting a discounted 
room at the CommVEx venue, the Plaza Hotel in 
downtown Las Vegas, there are hundreds of 
other hotels from which to choose. Go to: 
for discounts (but read the fine print). 

I can take articles just about anyway you like to send them as long as it is text files. For exam- 
ple you can send via email just like you would any message, I only ask if it is more than one 

ABBE tgs gees 
este i Rat 
i, ae 
Oy ro. 
aS 2 

Joystix, anew C64 game papermag (PDF) by 
IQ-Dna/POL is out! 
Download at: 

By Jason Compton 


The Emergency Chicagoland Commodore 

Convention is pleased to announce the first-ever 
ECCC event: 

Saturday, September 30 

Fairfield Inn and Suites (Marriott) 
645 West North Ave 

Lombard, Illinois 60148 USA 
8 AM - 6 PM 

The event itself is being held in the Heron Point’ 
building next to the Fairfield Inn. (Long-time 
retro event-goers in the Chicagoland area will 
recognize this facility, it was used by SWRAP in 
the past and is also used for a summertime 
classic console event.) Meeting room C is our 
place. Doors will open at 8 AM, event closes at 6 
PM. Meeting room C is at the basement level. 

There 1s an "after-party" room reserved in the 
hotel as well. Last year's after-party event 
infamously gave life to the Commodore- 
controlled animatronic cat. Who knows what 
will happen this year? 

Come to the show, bring your stuff, walk in. 
Dealer tables are free. User tables are free. 
Admission is free. Such a deal. 

item that the title be at the top each article. If GEO use GEO Word. TWS can be in program or 
| sequential files, or on disk. AUGUST 15th. In my hands. Richard Savoy, 250 West Street 
Apt 9, Ware MA 01082-9783, Email: 

Commodore Mailink, July 2006, pg 3 


by Jane M. Yoskamp - Jones 

Like | hinted in my first column for Mailink, tam 
going to contnue on now from where my column 
for Commodore Digest left off That being the 
case, | wil also provide all the PD program files 
nat | discussed in those five issues, along wilh 
the ones | will menton from this point on tn 
Mailink Seems a fairidea tome anyway. 

Tooling up geoWnte - Part One 

There are many other programs that can assist 
you when you work with geoWnte, and they are a 
great asset to have around. Here are a few that! 
haye found to tell you about after rummaging 
around {and nearly gettng lost) in my GEOS 
cupboard (smile) 

WrhiteMenu v1.0 

WnteMenu {WM) comes in two PD yersions - 
WnteMenu64 v1.0 {WM64) and WnrteMenul 28 
¥1 0 {WM128) WnteMenu was wniten by Payton 
W Snider Il, aka geoWorm Productons. The 
modificatons to GEOQS128 mode were ywiitten 
and added by Randy Winchester. 

WM 1s a Desk Accessory {DA) program wnich Is 
meant to be accessed from the geos Menu in 

geoWnte For more informaton on the menus in 
geoWnte, refer to the relevant secdons In Tre 
World of GEOS HandBook II’ {™) 

WM64 works only wth GEOS64, and WM1 26 
works only wth GEOS128 {80 columns only} 
Once you select WM from the geos Menu In 
geoWrite, the program puts up a Dialog Box 
{DBox) to select the menu {of geoWntle) that you 
want constrained {{definiuon © confine, compel, 
forced)). You click on the option in the DBox to 
activate that partcular menu wh WMs 
constraining. Click the OK gadget to wnen you 
are finished. 


Select the MENUS 

O page 

O geos 

O file gw font 
O edit mw style 
O options 

After that, on the next use of that menu you 
selected, the pointer will be un-able to slide off 
the sides or bottom unbl you select something, or 
you can sull slide off the top to exit The program 
doesn't seem to do much else You can toggle 
the constrain thingy off again if you no longer 
want it, or justexit geoWnte, it won tbe back as it 
iS not a permanent feature You would nave to 
nin the DA again 

Because WM64 works only wth GEOS64, and 
WM1 28 works only wth GEOS 128 {80 colurnns 
only), | actually found this to be a program 
without much purpose. 

And then it annoyed me, especially if! was in the 
wrong mode {geoWhte 80 columns), or the 
wrong version, {GEC3S 128 for WM64) aarrgghh ! 
not this again !!) Maybe you will have better luck 
with it 

GEOSGenie, Continued on page 5 

Commodore Malink, July 2006, pg .4 

GEOSGenie, Continued from page 4 

WRITE TOOLKIT v1.2 by Rick Krantw is a PD 40 
columns Applicaton program. When run, the 
Application presents you with a full screen of 
opbons and gadgets to click on. At first it 
appeared that nothing was happening, but a 
more intense investigation of the gadgets 
funchons came up with this. Most of the options 
really do wnat they say. Well they did on my 
sample text file. (Note. DBGelFiles means a 
Dialog Box thatlists the files available). 

EDIT if you only have geoWnte in 40 columns 
and do not want to put up with screen flipping for 
80 column documents, use this gadget to format 
the text into a readable 40 columns. A 
OBGelFiles box is presented for you to select your 
text file, and click the OPEN gadget and the 
program goes to work and exits back to Desk Top. 
Enter geowrite to view the changes. Notbad, not 

PRINT 1s basically the same as EDIT except that 
it formats a 40 column presented document into 
one for reading and printing in geoWnle 80 
columns. Not a bad idea really. The DBoxes 
follow the same as EDIT. 

COMBINE . A OBGelFiles box is presented for 

geoWrite TOOLKIT copyright Rick Krantz 

EQIT Set default margins for editting (48 Column). 

PRINT Set default margins for printing (88 column) 
COMBINE | Append 2nd File to end of Ist File. 

RULER Copy ruler (from ‘Text Scrap’). 

ALL FONT] Replace all fonts with fst font (from ‘Text Scrap’). 


you to select the first text file, and click the OPEN 
gadget A second DBGelFiles box is presented 
for you to select the second text file, and click the 
OPEN gadget again and the program goes lo 
work and exits back to DeskTop. Enter geoWnte 
to view the changes. On checking the text file 
called ‘first, it shows that the program appended 
the second file after a nicely placed page break 
added onto the end of the first Nicely executed 

RULER : The option states Copy Ruler {from Text 
Scrap). Whilst | did set up a Text Scrap of a 
portion of text with the Margins set and some 
Tabs set and positoned in Left formatted mode 
with 1 1/2 Line Spacing selected, | couldn't get 
the program to do anything other that put up 
DBox to say “No ruler in ‘Text Scrap” Okay, I'l 
concede, | don't have a clue how to make this 
option work 7! 

ALL FONT: This option requires a Text Scrap on 
disk with the font of your choice defined. A 
OBGelFiles box is presented to select a text fle 
Click on the OPEN gadget and the program goes 
to work and then exits to DeskTop. Check your 
text file to see if the process worked. Yes, if all 
seemed to go okay. The key is the Text scrap, 
prepare ahead and you will be satsfied wih he 
performance if you have no other programs for 
this operabon. 

ONE FONT: Again this option requires a 
Text Scrap on disk, but wth two fonts of 
your choice, in the desired order, defined 
A DBGetFiles box is then presented lo 
select a text file. Click on the OPEN 
gadget and the program goes lo work 
and then exits to DeskTop. Check your 
text file to see if the process worked. 
Preparation is again the key Have the 
new font first in your scrap, followed by 
the oldfont Pretty easy really. 

ONE FONT| Replace 2nd font with Ist font (from ‘Text Scrap?) 

FONI/STYLE] Replace 2nd font with Ist font & style. 

FONTIS TYLE . Again this opton requires 
a Text Scrap on disk, but with two fonts of 
GEOSGenie, Continued on page 16 

Commodore Mailink, July 2006, pg .5 


One sharp-eyed reader reminded me that in the May program I didn’t even clear 
the screen. It’s an easy thing to incorporate a "CLR" into "Sound64-2.0". Just 
load the program, type 4 PRINT"CHR$(147)<RET> then resave the program. Since the 
program does not really use the screen, a "clear screen" is/was not necessary, 
but it is more esthetically pleasing to see a screen free of clutter. 

For this edition I decided to make it more fun than education so I wrote a 
little program that allows a user to test his/her hearing. Now, this is not a 
form of medical testing, but what we are actually doing is testing the user to 
see if he hears his COMMODORE emitting tones of varying frequencies. 

In our "HEARINGTEST128" in this issue, there is only one major issue 
unresolved, thus I did not deal with it. If anyone knows how to determine the 
output level in decibels originating from programming our SID chip, I’m all ears. 
In other words, is there any correlation between the VOL level set in 
software,and the decibel output? Is there any correlation between the decibel 
output and the incremental turns of the monitor volume control? Since I did not 
have this information, it couldn’t be incorporated into our “hearing test".Once I 
find this information, there will be some sort of update, allowing users to 
actually test their hearing at varying decibel levels, which would give a much 
more meaningful report. 

Basically, our program sends the user through one of three hearing tests, 
depending on whether s/he wants a tiny version, the “micro test", or a small 
version, the "mini test", or a longer version containing 30 different tones. 

The program emits a tone for 5 seconds and the user presses a "y" if he hears 
the tone, and a "n" if he does not. How would a deaf or hard of hearing person 
know a tone is being emitted? An oversized musical note pops onto the screen 
each time a tone is emitted. 

When the test is over, the results are charted out onscreen in graph fashion, 
with a "YES" or "NO" for each frequency listed, so the user can see at a glance 
if his hearing is weak in the higher, lower, or mid-range frequencies. | 

Until the decibel levels are incorporated in an updated version, a good way 
to test one’s "Commodore hearing" is first have a person with excellent hearing 
to test, and re-test himself, each time turning the volume knob down slightly on 
the monitor, until there is a point where the test tones are just barely audible 
to the excellent hearer. Then the person wanting to test his own hearing would 
leave the monitor volume level unchanged, then navigate through each of the three 
sets: the "micro test", the “mini test, and the "complex test", for a better 
understanding of how his hearing compares to that of an excellent hearer. 

Again, neither the program, "HEARINGTEST128", nor the information on this 
page constitutes medical information, nor does it substitute for it. On the other 
hand, if a person with no knowledge about his hearing ability follows the 
procedure listed in the above paragraph, it may provide clues about whether he 
should consult a hearing professional. 

Hopefully in September, we may have a C64 version, "HEARINGTEST64" and we may 
have an update regarding decibel levels. Until then,let’s hear it for the 

niatatatnt ae neat ne ne ge ona yan a a a ee aap ne ne 

Commodore MaiLink, July 2006, pg. 6 

by Linda Tanner 
2 DIMHR$(30),HR(30) 
(Y/N)[RVOF] " 
6 IFQ$="N"THEN98 
(1)":PRINTTAB(30)"MINI TEST (2)": 
20 FORA=100TO12000STEP(1200/Q):AA=AA+1 :PRINTTAB(28)"FREQUENCY= 
26 GOTO98 
91 PRINTTAB(38)CHRS$(182)SPC(4);CHR$(109):PRINTTAB(38)CHR$(182)SPC(5); 
93 PRINTTAB(35)CHR$(1 10)CHRS$(183)CHRSC109)CHRS$(182): 
PRINTTAB(35)CHR$(109)CHR$(175)CHR$(1 10) 
98 COLOR6,! :COLORS,4: 

Commodore MaiLink, July 2006,pg. 7 

“iene “Eh TeG-m ladital (etal lalal 

A TV is unlikely to give true high resolution comparable to 
4 monitor Dut by injecting a video signal to the video stage of a 
TV, the improvements can be substantial. The rsason is simple 
and twofold. A computer to TY connection is made via an RF 
modulator. The signal is then demodulated by the demodulator 
circuit in the TY set. Eliminating these circuit blocks removes 
two scources of distortion. I modified an AWA Deep Image 14 
inch color TV. 

The computer video signal can be feed to a suitable point in 
the TY video circuit and a designated test point is usually a 
good spot. In my modification [I used test point 15. Some 
Ssignais may require amplification but usually a simple trimmer 
and capacitor should be adequate. It may be a good idea to 
include back to back zeners for protection. Note that live 
chasis’ TY sats are not racomended to be modified. Many peuple 
have experienced problems with the AGC circuit causing 

This occurs when the AGE doas not Find an RF signat and 
Consequently opens ee ee to maximum, picking uo “Lamingtons’ 
cr noise. My solution to this problem was to disconnect the 
zartn from the computer to TV connection and leave the RF lead 

This circuit was derived from my own experiments and it h 
en working for me for four years, However, [ cannot 

war anitee rasults, but tne idea may be useful to readers with 
Alay problems. 


ae uw 


« Once again take care and check your work as you as far 
errors. Tne tac-man tak as mo responsibility For damage 
resulting from the instalation of thesa projects. 
‘st VIDED AMP scorn NCRM Spice 
COMPUTER ~ | lO roxy 
0D O—-—wan—+—> Wu TINT 
330R Me, 3 
I. ¥,.77 
‘K2 = 47 a9 


LUM & 

+ ag cat 



Commodore Mailink, July 2006, pg . 8 


The flashing square under READY is called the 
cursor and indicates where what you type on the 
keyboard will be displayed on the screen. As 
you type, the cursor will move ahead one space, 
as the original cursor position is replaced with 
the character you type, Try typing on the key- 
board and watch as characters you type are dis- 
played on the TV/Monitor screen. 

Lesson # 3 There is a simple way to get a pattern of colors 
Prepared By: Richard Savoy on the TV/Monitor so you can easily adjust the 
FOGG niineiionbiceecdeees = set. Even though you may not be familiar with 
In lesson # 2 we installed the Commodore C64, in _ the operation of the computer right HOW just fol- 
this lesson we will get it to operate! low along, and you'll see how easy it is to use 
the Commodore 64. 
OPERATION-USING THE COMMODORE 64: First, look on the left side of the keyboard and 
1. Turn onthe computer using the rocker switch _ locate the key mar ked CTRL. This stands for 
on the right-side panel when you’re looking at = COnTRoL” and is used, in conjunction with 

the computer from the front. other keys, to instruct the computer to do a spe- 
2. After a few moments the following will be cific task. 
displayed on the TV or monitor screen: 

“2 ham, COHNOLORE: SPAS Ve +e4¢ 0 To use a control function, you hold down the 
o 4K, 

RAMS SYST SO Ome §= CTRL key while depressing a second. 

cnpy. CLES ay Sees = Try this: hold the CTRL key while also de- 
® CURSOR SIGNALS pressing the 9 key. Then release both keys. 

7 COMMODORE 64 |S Nothing obvious should have happened, but if 

~ WAITING FOR YOUR | you touch any key now the screen will show the 
Mm INPUT. : 

character displayed in reverse type, rather than 

sis normal type—like the opening message or any- 
3. If your TV/Monitor has a manual fine tuning _—thing you typed earlier. 

knob, adjust the TV/Monitor until you get a Hold down the SPACEBAR. What happens? 

clear picture. If you did the above procedure correctly, you 

4. You may also want to adjust the color and tint should see a light blue bar oe aeres. the 
controls on the TV/Monitor for the best dis- screen. Next time we will continue with more 
plays. You can use the color adjustment pro- on color, and Keyboard commands. 

cedure described later to get everything setup 
properly. When you first get a picture, the 
screen should appear mostly, dark blue, with 

NF RE Ee Sg ‘ oo Se wn ’ SS Sa aiv ts Panter xk 7 re 

PORTO gegen MATE Retest oe rat ee ee? 

° e . c “a 4 tae c a 

i . ry ? ?¢ . 

: ‘ ” ss 3 SMB, EF e, 
© «3 = » 

se ] ; a a 
i a ren VV ee = 


a light blue, border and letters. i be @o 47 
e wr A Ss D 

If you don’t get the expected results, recheck the | oe ae a 
cables, and connections. The accompanying chart [iin x a a | ean ee ete 
will help you isolate any problem. Seen ee 

Commodore Mailink, July 2006, pg .9 


Corrections & Continuations 

By: Bruce Thomas 
We have to be flexible while working with 
geoPublish (gP). When unexpected results pop 
up it is best to fix them before moving on. 

The first adjustment we have to make is in Tuto- 
rial Part 1 on Page 2. When we laid out this page 
we set custom gutter values to allow room for 
the title. The value we used was 36 which equals 
1/2 an inch. . 

When we drew the box around our title we used 
the % inch ratchet tool to ensure we got uniform 
box sizes on all pages. As soon as you place the 
box on Page 2 it is obvious that we have a prob- 
lem. Our usual top gutter is 5 points so we need 
to change the top gutter value for both text re- 
gions on Page 2 to 41 and then the box won't sit 
on top of the text. Read Page 12 again if you 
need a refresher on Gutters. 

After you move the text down by 5 points you 
should also adjust the Pull-Quote and the lines 
we placed above and below it. Use Zoom View 
on Page 2 to adjust these 3 items. 

In Living Color 

We haven't done anything with color yet. I was 
going to save that for the Front Cover. The 
graphics we have used so far need corrected so 
they will look better when printed. 

If you select the 'color' box when printing with 
PostPrint you will find that Maurice has pro- 
grammed PostPrint to print colors for all but the 
first 9 patterns. Many of the graphics we have 
used so far look fine when printed on a Black & 
White Printer but appear as medium grey on 
light grey when printed in color. 

To correct this we have to load each photo scrap 
into geoPaint, 
Continue next column 

turn on color, select Black foreground on 
White background, color the image, copy the 
scrap, add it to our Photo Album and use this 
picture in gP. Quite a few of our images have to 
be changed on Pages 20, 21, 23 and 24. 

I have uploaded a new Photo Album containing 
color corrected images. I have also uploaded 
new geoWrite files for installments #7 
(Importing More Articles) and #10 (Importing 
Graphics Part 1) as they contained embedded 
graphics that were affected by the color prob- 
lem. Download these files and make the substi- 

Now you see me 

Another issue with our graphics is making sure 
they don't overlay other elements on our page. 
Select each of our imported Graphics in Page 
Graphics Mode, open their attributes and make 
sure that the Transparent option is selected. This 
will allow items that are on the page before the 
graphic to appear through the graphic. 

All Thumbs 

I incorrectly stated in the last installment that 
you could place images of 16 geoPaint files onto 
one page using the Thumbnail program from 
RUN's Power Pak disk. Only PostPrint and 
geoPubLaser will place all 16 pages of a gP 
document onto a single page as thumbnails. 
"Thumbnail" will only place 12 files onto one 
page so you will need two pages to print all 16 
gP pages as thumbnails. This is possible by 

printing the geoPublish pages to geoPaint files 

with the Paint Pages printer driver and then us- 
ing "Thumbnail" to shrink them onto a page. 

A real quick topic that I am going to squeeze 
onto this page is adding continuation notices to 
help the reader find the rest of an article. Since I 
continuation notices to help the reader find the 
rest of an article. 

Continued on page 11: 

Commodore Mailink, July 2006, pg. 10 

Continued from page 10: 

Since I am using a slogan and a symbo! at the 
end of articles in this tutorial we don't need to 
add notices but we will do it now just to see how 
it is done. 

Continuation notices are created using Special 
Text just like we did for titles, captions and pull- 
quotes in "Adding Special Text" on Page 28. 

Goto Page 13, change to Page Graphics Mode, 
change to Zoom view and place the box in the 
lower right corner of the page. We have enough 
space below the text and above our Master 
Pages line to add a continuation notice. Select 
the Text Placement Tool, open attributes and set 
font to LW_Zapf, 10 point. Click between the 
text and the line under "WronglsWrite" and en- 
ter "(continued on Page 14)" for our text. Click 
OK and then stretch the text box down and out a 
bit to allow our text room to print. 

Stay in Zoom View and goto Page 14. Move the 
zoom window up to the middle of 

the page and place "(from Page 13)" in the 
shaded box to the right of the "Converting 
Documents" title. Stretch the text box down and 
out a bit and we are done. 

We will now return to our regularly scheduled 

Until next time, enGEOy your Commodore! 

Bruce Thomas 

First report of Commodore at CES 

Part [Il 
By: Robert Bernardo 

Robert’s article on the International Expo started 
on the March issue of CML page 14 and has 
continued in the May issue starting on Page 13 
of that issue, now comes to a conclusion in this 
issue Starting here. 

The one hour drive back to where I was residing 

was hectic. Las Vegas traffic was a pain, but | 
kept thing that I had to get all of this down in 
print while the memories were fresh. 

I arrived at Larry Lathrop’s house, my tempo- 
rary residence while in Vegas. He, his wife and | 
went to Joe’s Crab Shack where | treated them 
to a fine dinner. While waiting the 20-25 min- 
utes for a table, I started writing this article in 
my notepad. Larry had the fried scallop dinner. 
Penny had the seafood pasta, and I had the din- 
ner of salmon covered with a chunky crab and 
lobster Rockefeller sauce. For dessert I carried 
out a slice of key-lime pie. 

Back at Larry’s house, I continued writing. Later 
on, I pulled out the brand-new Hummer DTV 
game and unwrapped it. Meanwhile, as | did 
that, Larry tried a Jakk's game joystick. Then ! 
plugged in the Hummer DTV and switched it 
on. Opening titles were clear, but certain screens 
showed horizontal "interference" lines. Game- 
play was marred by a steering wheel which was 
not proportional but acted more like paddle. 
Though the Hummer DTV game was purported 
to have 256 colors, we only noticed a few extra 
colors in the hills and other backgrounds. After 
much trial-and-error, Larry was getting the hang 
of the controls. | still need much practice but at 
least had fun in the "Demolition Derby" part of 
the game. 

Finally, Larry brought me over to his C128 and 
loaded Super Off-Road Racing (in 64 mode, of 
course). He found Super Off-Road to be 
superior in contro] (with a joystick) and a possi- 
ble basis for the Hummer DTV game. I noted 
that the Super Off-Road game had a stationary 
screen of the entire track, whereas the Hummer 
DTV games had a scrolling track (1.e., when 
your vehicle moved, a part of the track would 
scroll and be revealed, your only view of the en- 
tire track being a "radar" view in the upper right 

It was near midnight. I had to finish writing, and 
Larry went to bed. Tomorrow would be the 
Continued on page 12: 

Commodore Mailink, July 2006, pg. 11 

Contiued from page 11: 

Clark County Commodore Computer Club 
meeting with my report on the prospective 
CommVEx v2 venues, a demonstration of the 
C64 PAL DTV, a demonstration of the Hummer 
DTV. a viewing of the book, "On The Edge"; 
and a look inside 2 Amiga 2000 Video Toasters. 
Also I had to prep and mail off FCUG newslet- 
ters. There would be another hotel meeting room 
to check out for CommVEx v2. And most im- 
portantly, | would return to CES for another chat 
with those at the Commodore Int'l BV booth. 

Robert Bernardo 

Fresno Commodore User Group 


By: Richard Savoy 

It looks like “ The Beginners Corner” is off to a 
good response, some of our other programs that 
we run in a series are coming to aclose. We will 
need some replacements, any suggestions, or 
maybe you would like to have one yourself. All 
members are welcome to submit articles. 

I"ve come up with an idea for a series, seeing we 
have one for the beginners, I think one for those 
that would like to go ahead with “Learning to 
program in Basic 2.0” may draw interest, so here 
goes, I'll give it a try. 
PREPARED By: Richard Savoy 

Getting Started in Basic: Lesson 1 

The BASIC programming language is a special 
language that lets you communicate with your 
Commodore 64C. Using BASIC is one means 
by which you instruct your computer what to do. 

BASIC has its own vocabulary (made of com- 
mands, statements and functions) and its own 
rules of structure (called syntax). 

You can use the BASIC vocabulary and syntax 
to create a set of instructions called a program, 
which your computer can then perform or 

Using BASIC, you can communicate with your 
Commodore 64C in two ways: within a pro- 
gram, or directly (outside a program). 

Direct Mode 

Your C64 is ready to accept BASIC commands 
in direct mode as soon as you turn on the com- 
puter. In the direct mode, you type commands 
on the keyboard and enter them into the com- 
puter by pressing the RETURN key. This exe- 
cutes all direct mode commands immediately 
after you press the RETURN key. Most BASIC 
commands in your C64 can be used in direct 
mode as well as in a program. 

Program Mode 

In program mode you enter a set of instructions 
that perform a specific task. Each instruction is 
contained in a sequential program line. A state- 
ment in a program may be as long as 80 charac- 
ters: this is equivalent to two full screen lines in 
40 column format. 

Once you have typed a program, you can use it 
immediately by typing the RUN command and 
pressing the RETURN key. You can also store 
the program on disk or tape by using the SAVE 
command. Then you can recall it from the disk 
or tape by using the LOAD command. This 
command copies the program from the disk or 
tape and places that program in the C 64’s mem- 
ory. You can then use or “execute” the program 
again by entering the RUN command. All these 
commands are explained later in this section. 
Most of the time you will be using your com- 
puter with programs, including programs you 
yourself write and commercially available soft- 
ware packages. The only time you operate in di- 
rect mode is when you are manipulating or edit- 
ing your programs 

Continued on page 13: 

Commodore Maihink, July 2006, pg . 12 

Learning Continued from page 12: 

With commands such as LIST,LOAD,SAVE 
and RUN. As arule, the difference between di- 
rect mode and operation within a program is that 
direct mode commands have no line numbers. 

Keyboard Character Sets 

| assume you have your C= 64 keyboard in front 
of you, or if you are using a C=128 keyboard the 
only difference would be Function Keys location 
and the Calculator that has been added to the 

The C 64 keyboard offers two different sets of 

m@ Upper-case letters and graphic characters 
™@ §=Upper-— and lower-case letters 
You can use only one character set at a time. 

When you turn in the C 64, the keyboard is 
normally using the upper-case /graphic character 
set. This means tha everything you type 1s in 
capital letters. To switch back and forth between 
the two character sets, press the SHIFT key and 
the key C= (Commodore key) at the same time. 
To practice using the two character sets turn on 
vour computer and press several letters and 
graphic characters. Then press then SHIFT key 
and the C= key, Notice how the screen changes 
to upper and lower-case characters. Press SHIFT 
and C= again to return to the upper and graphic 
character set. 

Using the Commodore Keys 

COMMAND keys are keys that send messages 
to the computer. Some command keys (such as 
RETURN) are used by themselves. Other 
command keys (such as SHIFT,CTRL,C= and 
RESTORE) are used with other keys, The use of 
each of the command keys is explained below. 


When you press the RETURN , what you have 
typed is sent to the C 64 computer’s memory. 
Pressing the RETURN key also moves the 

Cursor (the small flashing rectangle that marks 
where the next character you type will appear) to 
the beginning of the next line. 

At times you may misspell a command or type 
in something the computer does not understand. 
Then when you press RETURN key, you proba- 
bly will get a message like SYNTAX ERROR 
on the screen. This is called “Error Message.” 

A list of “Error Messages” and how to correct 
the errors will be on the next page (14) and more 
will appear on future issues. 

NOTE: In the examples given in these lessons 
the following symbol indicates that you must 
press the RETURN key: 

SHIFT: There are two SHIFT keys on the bot- 
tom row of the keyboard, One is on the left and 
the other is on the right, just as on standard type- 
writer keyboard. 

The shift key can be used in three ways: 

1. With the upper/lower-case character set, the 
SHIFT key is used like the shift key ona 
regular typewriter; When the SHIFT key 1s 
held down, it lets you print capital letters or 
the top character on double-character keys 

2. The SHIFT key can be used with some of 
the other command keys to preform special 

3. When the keyboard is set for the upper-case/ 
graphic character set, you can use the SHIFT 
key to print the graphic symbols or charac- 
ters that appear on the front face of certain 
keys. See the paragraphs entitled 
“Displaying Graphic Characters” later in this 
chapter for more details. 

SHIFT LOCK: When you press this key down. 
it locks into place. Then, whatever you type will 
either be a capital letter, or the top character ofa 
double-character key. To release the lock, press 
down on the SHIFT LOCK key again. 


Commodore Mailink, July 2006, pg . 13 


What to Do © 

MESSAGE What the Problem Is | 
BAD DATA String data was received from an Make sure data was saved with a 
open file, buc the program was separator between each item. 
expecting numeric data. | 
BAD «. The program was trying to Verify you have dimensioned the 
SUBSCRIPT reference an element of an array array properly. In direct mode, 
whose number is outside the range _ have the 64C print the value of the 
- specified in the DIM statement. subscript asaclue. © | 
BREAK Program execution was stopped ~~ Use the CONT command 
because you hit the STOP key. to proceed or reRUN the | _ 
CAN'T The CONT command will not You probably made a correction; 
CONTINUE work, either because the program = reRUN the program. 
was never RUN, there has been an 
error, or a line has been edited. 
DEVICE NOT  - The tequired I/O device not Verify the peripheral you are 
PRESENT available for an OPEN, CLOSE, calling for is on and proper OPEN 
CMD, PRINT #, INPUT #, or statement is used. 
GET #. | 
DIVISION BY Division by zero is a mathematical | Command the 64C to prifit the 
ZERO oddity and not allowed. suspect variables to determine 
which one became a zero. 
EXTRA Too many itémis of data were Check your punctuation." 
IGNORED typed in response to an INPUT i on 
statement. Only the first few items . 
were accepted, . 
FILE NOT No file with that name exists. Verify you have the correct tape 

FILE NOT OPEN The file specified in a CLOSE, 


CMD, PRINT #, INPUT #, or 
GET #, must first be OPENed. 

An attempt was made to open a 
file using the number of an 
already open file. 

FORMULA TOO The string expression being 


evaluated should be split into at 
least two parts for the system to 
work with, or a formula has too 
many parentheses, 

~ or disk and you spelled the name 

correctly; note especially spacing 
and upper-case characters: : 

Open file. Verify you used proper 

Close file first or use new file 

Use smaller strings. Reduce the 
number of parentheses. 

Commodore Mailink, July 2006, pg. 14 


By: Richard Savoy 

Usually a Email message like the following 
would go to the current editor, but it was di- 
rected direct to me. From Joe Garrison, a long, 
long, time member: 


I don't want to belittle your efforts because you have 
done something, which I haven't done for, the group, 
in years. (Not since I got mad over some of the 
groups policies in the early 90's.) At that time Ron 
Hackley had written the FUN GRAPHIC MACHINE 
PROGRAM which would not work on the Commo- 
dore 1581 drive. So, at my request, he changed the 
program so that it would work on the 1581, but didn't 
charge me anything! At that time I was the only one 
in the world who had a copy of that program that 
would work on the 1581, so I asked the treasurer to 
add him to the group and I would pay his member- 
ship fee. Unfortunately, it did not go to Jean Nance 
first, for her permission and so didn’t get approved. 
Needless to say, I got mad and have had very little to 
do with the club since.—Joe Garrison 

My Reply to the above: First , | have made 
some editing changes to the above. I can really 
understand Joe’s feelings and he wasn’t alone in 
those days, but that was a long time ago. So 
“Welcome” back to contributing to CML. 

Back to Joe’s message: Anyway I was quite 
disappointed when | found your: TROUBLE- 
SHOOTING CHART, because it is mis- 
named. It should be titled: TV adjustments if 
you are using a TV as a C-64 Monitor 

Also: Your write up on Page 9 of the May Mail- 
ink has an error on Paragraph 


TOR) and it blew out my JIFFY DOS CHIP. 
My Reply: I’m not the author of any the instruc- 
tions given in these articles. Please note it says 
in the header Prepared By: and is from the 
Ninth Printing 1984 Commodore 64 User’s 
Guide” Also, the “TROUBLESHOOTING 
CHART” is in the same manual. 

More of Joe’s message: 

My purpose in looking at your Troubleshooting 
Chart was because my 23 year old C-64 has 
been crashing, probably due to heat build-up and 
I thought your chart might give me a clue to the 
marginal chip. 

Once it crashes, it will start up again and 
promptly run. Of course when it does crash, it 
wipes out whatever program [ am working. 

Not really bitching. Just some thoughts on the 
Best Regards, 

Joe Garrison 


By: Kenneth Barsky 

Effective immediately I have to in- 
crease the price of the disk version 
for all new orders by one dollar 
per year. 

The main reason is the postal increase the first 

of this year and cost of better mailers. No effect 
on current paid up subscribers until renewal in 
the fall. 
The Commodore Mailink on Disk is published, 
for only current members of “MEETING 
about the same time as the newsletter and carries 
all the text and programs that are in the current 
newsletter when available, and in the empty 
space I provide an assortment of public domain 
programs. When ordering you have the choice of 
5.25” for use in 1541 or 1571 disk drives or 
3.5” LD for 1581 disk drives (while they last) or 
3.5” HD for FD-2000 or 4000 disk drives 
COST: $ 9/year USA $ 10/year USA Funds 
Make Payable to: 


100-28 BENCHLEY PL. 

BRONX NY 10475-3319 

Commodore Mailink, July 2006, pg . 15 

GEOSGenie, Continued from page 5 

your choice, in the desired order, and with the 
correct styles {bold, plain etc) defined A 
OBGetFiles box is then presented to select a text 
file Click on the OPEN gadget and the program 
goes to work and then exits to DeskTop. Check 
your text file. to see if the process worked. 
Preparadon is again the key. It does the 
operaton thatitsays. Notbad actually. 

CANCEL | think we got that one thank you. 
CopyE ditor v1.0 

CopyEditor v1.0 by Raymond A. Kerby is a 40 
column PD Applicaton program. The blurb in the 
InfoBox states “Use Readers Index’ as a guide to 
the grade level of your readers”. What does this 
mean? After using the program | sll don Tknow. 
When you mun Copy Editor, you are presented 
with two menus - Geos which accesses Copy 
Editor Info - a dead end. And File menu which 
has Start and Quitas optons. 

— HBkUnPlug! Alpha 
Ei WiToolkit Alb 
[Sample Text 

E|WiToolkit Pic 

ie onals 


Conca (Cancel) 

Selectng Start presents a DBGetFiles box, so 
select a sample text file and click the OPEn 
gadget A new DBox is displayed with vanous 
informaton after the program analyzes the text, 
plus a Close option on the menu that you are now 
confined to wth the pointer. Your only option is 
click on itto exit back to DeskTop. 

Even hough | had a rather well endowed text file 
with lots and lots of words, long ones included, 
and mynads of sentences, the program couldnt 
ind them, fit was tying to actually do anything. 


Copy Editor 
Analyzing: Sample Text 
Total Words: 6 
Long Words 8 

Total Sentences 0 

Hee. words “Sentence: 65535 

Readers Index: B28e 

| just couldn't get it to give me any results, so 
probably my ‘grade level is zero (smile) Never 
mind, | won'tlose any sleep of this lide offenng 

The Quit option, you don't need me te fell you 
that one {smile) | used it very quickly It 1s 
possible that since | was in GEOS128 v2.U, the 
program may only work properly in GEOS64 
v2.0, although | did not ty it out this tme Tnal 
and error would be required Give ita go if you 
feel like it 

Readers Three Wishes And All That... 

Send in your comments, or great GEOS 
discoyenes, and! will respond when! can in his 
column, unless you wish a pnyate reply, in which 
case please send a SSA{BusinessjE and | will 
wnite you back. 


PO Box 635 

Enfield Plaza 5085 South Australia 
Intemational Telephone 61 8 8260 4062 

fust kidding, |dontexpect you to phone this time zone } 
email : 

(**) The Word of GEOS Handbook Senes {I, I, 
il}, the GEQS UnPlugged HandBook Senes 

(1, {l, Wl, IY, Yj The HandBooks of the 
Commodore 64&128, The HandBook of 
Commodore Disks, GEOS in Review HandBook, 
are all currently available from JMY Grafix. 

Commodore Mailink, July 2006, pg . 16 


presented by the Fresno Commodore User Group and the 
Clark County Commodore Computer Club of Las Vegas 

Saturday 11AM to 6:00PM or later & Sunday Noon to 7:00PM 

at the Plaza Hofel 
Las Vegas, Nevada 

Admission Just? SIO~ 
= $ 

- See demos and presentations on and about the 
Commodore 128, Commodore 64, DTV, Plus/4VIC-20 
and Amiga (including the PAL DTV and 64qs) 

- Vendor Tables 

Visit "Pinball Fantasy 2006" 
Pinball Convention & Auction 
next door 

_ mn 

Tmere fs Still Gime to reserve 
Cor a presentation or taliiey 

—_—_a— owe em ene eae aE ae em ee CED GE Gee GEE GED cEEND GENES GHEE cee CoE Ge CHE 6G) 6D ce GE GSE cE GIES «(SERIO (CRIED 6ChEEED 6CnnEpEED cette 6GuntEEE 6CEEtQ,, 

for hotel rates & lates? details check out: on the internet | 

ie Peta e ter. Liem — ao ap —— ath Cad 
- a iA 

enter the 
CommVEx RAFFLE! dnote as 

each or three for $20 

A Commodore DTV 64 modified by designer Jeri Ellsworth | enter by mail 

A CMD SuperCPU 64 Accelerator v2 FCUG 

A Commodore SX-64 Portable Computer System 3487 E. Terrance 
A Commodore 1581 800K Floppy Drive Fresno, CA 95709 

‘ or PayPal to (no <redit <ard) 
- Melodian Music Keyboard for the 64 remember to list prize, your name, and address 

Commodore MaiLink, 

Vintage Computer Festiuval East 

eile HD Modification a 

By Ron Bain On May 13 the Vintage Computer Festival East oe 

bainr( 3.0 was held in Wall Township, New Jersey. 
Go to: 

As you may recall, I posted a message some time 

ago regarding installing a SuperDisk Drive in a 

CMD HD case, much like the Iomega Zip drive. 2006_pl.html 

My hope was/is to create a device that will write 

and read 1581 disks, FD-2000 1.6MB disks, and In order to see photos of the exhibits, especially 

120MB SuperDisks. Jim Brain had taken the those of the very nice Commodore PETs. 

lead on this, however, his For more information on the next VCF, go to 

other projects and family obligations did not 

leave him with enough time to finish the http://www. 

project. I remember that someone else had also and 

volunteered to take this on. I have neither the 

hardware or software expertise to pull this off. I 

also don't have an HD. | Ailes af Gouteate 
If anyone would like to take the lead on this I can ———— = sea 

send the drive to you. Jim has said he will share 

what has learned thus far with whoever wants to Page Article 
give ita go. Please let me know if you are Meeting News 
interested. Officers; Editor’s Guidelines; CML Policies __ 
Editors Ramblings | 
BNR er gS ay Bae Comm Vex Update | . 
CBM engineers Bil Herd and Dave Haynie have IECC Chicago Expo, September 30 2006 
confirmed that they will start work on another Geos Geni | 

special video for its eventual world premiere at - Basically Speaking 

the July 29-30 CommVEx. Last year they Geos Geni 

produced a video for CommVEx in which they The Beginners Corner 

showcased rare Commodore hardware. 10-11 | GeoPublish Tutorial Part 17 
11-12 | Commodore CES Report part ITI 
12-13 | Learning To program in Basic 2.0 

Free Commodore Goodies: 

on D] B]W}W] WW] Wi] — 

14 Error Messages 
Bryan Chapman has the following for the cost of 15 Message from a Fellow CML Editor 
postage: Commodor Mailink Disk Version 
16 For Sale 
Omega Race game CommVex 2006 - July 29-30 a 
SE A ee smadore 64 computer |_| CMD HD Modiionon 
Cg ee 18 Another Herd/Haynie Video 

Commodore 64 Programmer's Reference Guide 
Free Commodore Goodies 

Please contact him via email: Vintage Computer Festival East 18 Table of Contents 

Semmnill Hessen 
00 | OO 

Commodore MaiLink, July 2006, -18-