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A COMPENDIUM OF THE HOSTS OF ANIMAL PARASITES CON- 
TAINED IN WARD AND WHIPPLE’S FRESH-WATER BIOLOGY 


COMPILED BY 
HH. J. VAw Creavt: 
University of Hlinois 


Ward and Whipple's Fresh-water Biology contains by far the most 
comprehensive treatment of the animal parasites of the North American 
fauna that has ever been published. The chapters dealing with the 
parasitic worms, represent contributions, on the part of Professor Henry B. 
Ward, not only in a compilation of results of almost innumerable researches 
of varying magnitude but also in the inclusion of extensive data based upon 
previously unpublished records. Much of this information of especial 
interest to parasitologists and to field zoologists is not available for ready 
reference because the names of hosts mentioned in the text are not in- 
cluded in the general index of the book. 

For personal use the present writer prepared a compendium of the 
hosts mentioned in the Fresh-water Biology. This proved so valuable 
an aid and received such favorable comment from workers to whom the 
manuscript was shown that it was considered desirable to put it into 
a form in which it could be generally available. 

The authors of the Fresh-water Biology have made no attempt to 
include complete check lists of the hosts in the chapters dealing with 
parasitic forms, yet in many instances references are inclusive enough to 
be of great value as a point of departure in determining the recorded 
parasitic fauna of any given host animal. In using this compendium 
it should be recalled that in many instances only one or a few typical 
species are listed for each genus and even the hosts of such species as are 
cited do not constitute full check lists. Doubtless there have been nu- 
merous erroneous determinations of hosts in the works from which the host 
lists have been assembled but host names have been quoted directly as they 
stand in the original citations without attempt at verification. Asa result, 
some of the names of hosts current in the older literature appear along 
with the valid names of the same species in this compendium. 

In many instances where there seems to be no fixed specificity of hosts, 
as well as in the discussion of families and genera of parasites, group names 
such as ‘fish,’ ‘birds,’ or ‘water birds,’ are used frequently. 

In the chapters dealing with Protozoa the parasitic forms have not 
received the attention of the writers, consequently the great group of 
Sporozoa and all other parasitic protozoans have received no treatment 
in this compendium. 


195 


196 H. J. VAN CLEAVE 

To facilitate locations of words on the page in referring back to the 
text, specific, generic, vernacular, or group names have been used in the 
compendium as they stand in the text reference. In a few instances cross 
references have been.inserted between vernacular and scientific names, but 
in such instances the page references to the two names have not been 
assembled. This is due to the belief that the inconvenience of cross 
citation is less than the confusion resulting from the necessity of visualizing 
both vernacular and scientific names while scanning the printed page in 


search for a given reference. 


A host name cited under a given page reference may appear more than 


once on that page. 


A direct means of determining the groups of parasites listed for any 
given host without necessitv of referring back to the text is afforded by 
reference to the following list of page inclusions for the various groups 


containing parasitic forms: 


Trematoda 374-424 
Cestoda 429-451 
Nematoda 520-535 
Gordiacea 537-542 
Acanthocephala 545-551 
Rotatoria 553-620 
Discodrilide 644 
Hirudinea 646-660) 
Copepoda 782-788 
Malacostraca 841-850 
Hydracarina 851-874 
MAMMALIA skunk 522 
‘mammals’ 390, 404, 440, 441, 442, HH, 447, wapati 389 


522, 549 

beaver 386 

cat 390, 393, 447 

cattle 389, 409 

Didelphis virginiana 410 

dog 390, 523 

Lepus 409 

man 389, 409, 432, 433, 434, 521, 522, 523, 
534, 656 


mink 522, 523, 530 
muskrat 383, 386, 391, 404, 447, 451, 522, 
534, 535 i 


Mustelidae 522 
otter 522, 523 

pig 390 

seals 433, 523, 549 
sheep 389, 408 


weasel 522 
whales 433 
wolf 523 
AWES 
‘bird’ 402, 404, 409 
‘birds’ 410, 441, 442, 443, +H, 446, 447, 448, 
526, 549, 550 
Anas platyrhynchos 388 
Anseriformes 449, 548 
Ardea herodias 410, 524, 527, 552 
Ardea minor 391 
bittern 532 
Botaurus lentigenosus 350, 551 
Bolaurus minor 526 
canvas back 442 
chicken 391, 402, 446 
coot 443 


DEPARTMENT OF METHODS 


cormorant 533 

crane 444 

crow (‘fish’) 446 

duck 411, 441, 442, 447 

egret (see Herodias) 

eider duck 549 

Gallinago wilsoni 382 

Garia immcr 391 (see loon) 

geese 442, 447 

grebe 440, HS 

grebe (horned) 448, 449 

gull 440, 442, 446 (see Larus) 

Herodias cgrettu. 549 

‘heron’ 408, 440, 444, 445, 532 

heron (green) +44 

heron (little blue) 444 

herring gull 408 

‘ibis’ 448 

kingfisher 525 

Larus philadelphia 391 

loon 440 (see Gavia) 

pelican (brown) 533 

pelican (white) 433, 333 

pintail-duck 442 

Plotus anhinga 524 (see water-turkey | 

Porzana carolina 549 

scoter 442 

scoter (American) 449 

scoter (black) 391 

shore birds 442, 444, 445 

snipe (grey) 382 

Somateria dressert 549 

sparrow (English) 384 

spoonbill 444 

spoonbill (roseate) 445 

stilt (blacknecked ) 447, 448 

waterbirds 401, 431, 432, 442, 443, 446, 447, 
548 

water turkey 523, 533 (see Plotus) 

wood-ibis 531 


REPTILEA 


alligator 382, 408 

Alligater lucius 410 

Alligator mississippicusis 391. 530, 531, 532 
Amyda 402 

Ancistrodon piscivorus 439 

slromochelys carinatus 376 

Aromochelys odoratus 370, 377, 397 
Aspidonectes 402 


197 


Buscanion constrictor 405 

Chameleon 400 

Chelonura ser pentita 524 

Chelydra serpentina 376, 384, 387, 396, 529 

Chrysemys marginata 377, 385, 394 

Chrysemys picta. 304 

Cinosternim peunsylvaniciun 316 

Cistudo curolina 522, 524, 533 

‘Emys’ 546 

Emys guttata 52 

Emys scripla 529 
52 


garter snake 407 

Heterodon platyrhinus 405, 400, 407 
Malacoclemmys geogra phicus 546 
Malacoclemmys lesucurti 378, 380 
Nanemys guttata 528 

Natris rhombifer 407, 430 
Pseudemys 387 

Pseudemys elegans 546 

Pseudemys scripta 317 

snakes 405, 438 

terrapin (common, food-) 376. 380, 531 
Trionyx ferox 378 

Tropidonotus rhombifer 406 
Tropidonotus sipedon 406, 520 
turtles 385, 433, 526, 052 


A NZEDIB CY 
amphibians 398, 399, 404, 408, 434, 438, 449, 
3:02 95:17 ` 


\mblystoma 399 

Amdlystoma mexicanum 328 

al mdlystoma tigrinum 438 

Anura 400. 403 

Bufo 399 

Bufo americana 522, 533 

Bufo lentigenosus 521 

Cryptobranchus alleghaniensis 525 

Dicmyctylus viridescens 547 

frog 382, 399, 400, 402, 404. 387, 108, 411. 
052, 654 

Necturus lateralis 379 

Necturus maculosus 439 

Runa catesbiana 408 

Rana dtalecina 531 

Rana pipiens 410. 524, 530 

salamander 382, 309 

Salamandra rubra 333 

Siredon mexicanus 328, 533 


198 


PISCES 

fishes 382, 398, 401, 408, 411, 433, 434, 523, 
524. 528, 529, 547, 551, 652, 653, 654, 
655 

Acipenser (European) 392 

Acipenser oxyrhynchus 433 

sletpenser rubicundus 378, 392, 396 

Aetpenser sturio 374 

Ambloplites rupestris 401, 436, 548, 78 

Ameturus ncbulosus 399 

Amia calva 392, 401, 432, 435, 436, 526, 548 
787 

Anguilla vulgaris 435 

Anguilla chrysy pa 401, 435, 524, 546 

A plidonotus grunnicns 381, 395 

black bass 375, 379, 392, 395, 408, 524, 534 

white bass 528, 529 

blue-gill 408, 411 

Boleosoma nigrum 319 

bull-head 382, 408, 439 

carp (German) 529 

catfishes 786 

cat (channel) 439 

Catostomus commersonii 187 

Catostontus teres 375 

chub 431 

Coregonus nigripinnis 437 

Coregonus prognathus 437 

Coregonus arledi 437 

crappie (black) 528, 529 

Cristivomer namaycush 437 

Cyprinidae 408, 430 

dace 395 

dace (horned) 411 

darter 395 

Dorosoma cepedianum 545, 547 

Eromyson sucelta oblongus 787 

Esox lucius 392, 399, 401. 437, 546 

Esox reticulatus 392,437, 524,5 29 (see Lucius) 

Fundulus 655 

Fundulus ocellaris 784 

Gasterosteus 432 

herring (lake) 527 

Ictalurus punctatus 395, 401 

Lepomis pallidus 785 

Lepisosteus osscus 788 

Lepisosteus platostomus 435, 436 

Lepisosteus tristoechus 788 

Lota lota 392 

Lucioperca 392 

Lucius masquinongy 787 


wn 


, 


H. ]. VAN CLEAVE 


Lucius reticulatus 788 (see Esox) 

Micropterus dolomieu 374, 392, 398, 401, 436, 
548, 785 

Micropterus salmoides 392, 400, 436, 546 

minnow 379, 395, 398, 408, 411 

minnow (red-finned) 395 

Moxostoma macrolepidotum 394 

Perca flavescens A01, 524 

perch 379, 395, 396, 399, 408, 411 

pickerel 788 

pike 408, 411, 521 

pike (wall-eyed) 530 

Plychochelius oregonensis 424 

pumpkinseed 395, 411 

rays 434 

Roccus lineatus 375, 548, 785 

rockbass 375, 379, 392, 395, 398, 408, £11 

Salmo sebago 434, 437 

salmonid fish 527 

Saleclinus namaycush 392 

shad 533 

sharks 434 

sheepshead 528 

Silurida 439 

Stisostedion canadense 788 

Stizosledion vitreum 401 

sturgeon 395 

sturgeon (lake) 530 

sucker 395, 431, 787 

sunfish 375, 395, 411 

teleosts 431, 524 

trout 408, 431, 433, 550 

trout (lake) 374 

trout (Great Lake) 431, 527, 547, 548 

whitefish 432, 521, 527,.547 

INSECTA 

insect 534, 851 

insect larva: 528 

lehaeta abbreviata. 539 

Acridid 538, 540 

Blaslurus cupidus 395 

Blattidz 538 

Gryllus (see Achzeta) 

Hexagenia 395 

Locustide 540 

mayfly 395 

Neobius fasciatus 539 


CRUSTACEA 
crustacea 528, 534 
Apus 411 


DEPARTMENT OF METHODS 


Copepoda 451, 523 
crawfish 395, 401, 644 
Cyclopide 442 
Decapoda 842 
Diaptomus 442 
Isopoda 547 
Ostracoda 451, 523 
Palaemonetes 842 
Palaemon 842 


GASTROPODA 
snails 409, 415, 451 
Campeloma decisum 416, 419, 420 
Gasteropoda 417 
Goniobasis virginiana 416 5 
Helix albolabris 423 
Helix allernata 423, 531 
Helix arborea 411 
Lymnaea 419 
Lymnaca catascopium 411 
Limnaea humilis 389 
Lymnaea proxima 412, 417, 418, 419 
Lymnaea reflexa 415, 422 
Lymnaea stagnalis 411 
Physa anatina 417 


Physa gyrina 412, 417, 419, 420, 423, 424 


Physa helerosiropha 411, 413 
Planorbis parvus 413, 415 
Planorbis trivolvis 413, 417, 420, 421 


Pleurocera: elevatum 416 
slugs 451 

Succinea 423 

Succinea ovalis 409 


LAMELLIBRANCHLY 
Anodonta 379, 380 
Fresh-water mussels 423, 851, 872 
Unionide 421 


ANNELIDA 
annelids 451, 521 
earthworm 430 


Lumbriculus 451 
Tubificidæ 430 

ROTATORIA 
rotifers 554 
Albertia 589 
Pleurotrocha 589 

COELENTERATA 

Hydra 287, 291 

PORIFERA 
freshwater sponges 856 


PROTOZOA 
colonial protozoa 856 


199