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Summer 98 










Information and Chairmen — Trea$ury NoteS 
Input/Output — by Abed Kahale 

HomePage — Andrew Dansby 

Vacuum Tubes — Editor 

Letter — Rod Gowen 

Sinclair E-Mail List 
From The Chairman's Disk — Donald Lambert 


Timex-Sinclair Inventory FREE ? 

QLAY0.85— Al Feng 

QFC Update — Robert Hartung 

Review — Gil Parrish 

Surf n the Net — David Lassov 

How to Hack on the ZX Spectrum Part 3 

MaxCom — David Lassov 

RMG List 

Internet Glossary 

ZQA! Index 


Unclassified Ads 
FWD Computing 

The Ramtop 

ZXir QLive Alive! © 

Established i 9Q I The Tim ex/Sinclair NorthAmerican User Groups Newsletter 

T/SNUG Information 

We wish to support the following 
platforms: ZX-80/8I . TS-1000, 
Spectrum, TS-2068, Z88 and QL. If 
you have any questions about any of 
these fine Sine I airs, contact the: 


Chief Motivator 
Donald S. Lambert (istug) 


Tape & JLO PD Library 
D G. Smith 
415 Stone St. 
Johnstown, PA 15906 
814 535-6998 

Z88 Library 

Dave Bennett (HATSUG) 
1275 Timber View Dr. 
Mechanicsburg, PA 17055-9146 
717 732-4374 

QL Hacker's Journal 

Timothy Swenson 
38725 Lexington St. 
Fremont, CA 94536 


Rod Humphreys (VSUG) 
10984 Collins PL 
Delta, BC V4C 7E6 Canada 
604 583-2819 

QL PD Library 

John Donaldson (catug) 

835 Foxwood Cir 
Geneva, IL 60134-1631 
630 232-6147 

AERCO & Z80 Emulator 
Keith Watson 
41634 AmberlyDr 
Mt. Clemens, MI 48038 

BBS — =GAT0R= — 
Bob Swoger (catug) 
613 Parkside Cir. 
Streamwood, IL 60107-1647 
630 837-7957 Work 847 576-8068 

Any of the above can also be 
reached by E-Mail through the 
Club BBS 847 632-5558 

ZXir QLive Alive! 

Is the newsletter of T/SNUG, the 
Timex/Sinclair North American User 
Groups, providing news and 
software support to the T/S com- 
munity in a VOLUME of four 
newsletters per year, beginning with 
the Spring (March) issue. 

T/SNUG' s main goal is to 
preserve and encourage the 
use of Sinclair computers 

by providing an open 
forum for the exchange of 
knowledge, building and 
maintaining of software 
libraries. Providing 
vendors, repair service and 
members with free ad 

It is the user groups and individual 
subscribers, rather than the vendors, 
that provide the pecuniary support 
for this newsletter Vendors and 
developers receive this newsletter 
free of charge, though contribution 
from vendors and user groups is 
gratefully accepted Please support 
our vendors and service providers 
whenever possible 

If you have a problem or you have 
solved a problem, please share it with 
the rest of us No problem will be 
considered unimportant. 


LarKen PD Library 

ou can keep T/SNUG alive by 
an annual contribution of $12 
for one VOLUME made payable to 
Abed Kahale Send check to:- 

SIERRA VISTA AZ 85635-6874 

520 378-3424 
Back copies are available for 
$1,00 each postpai d, 

«As of June 5, 1 998, we have a 
balance of $892.54 

Send in your articles by tape or disk and your 
inputs to: — 

AUBURN IN 46706-3010 
Phone 219 925-1372 
By hardcopy, MSDOS or modem (.3-33 6) to: 
Abed Kahale 
E-mail: A Kahale @c ompuserv 

*7e*iet fasted 

G AT O R ' S 

To better inform the Sinclair Community, 
four 24-hour a day BBSs are now provided to serve 
you You are encouraged to exchange mail and use 
the files sections of these boards Bulletins and ads 
are available to all 

Q-BoxBBS 810 254-9878 

Utica, Michigan 
SCC Sever Jose Moreno 
http /Vmembers.tripod com/--helpnie/ 
SOL BBS 520 882-0388 

Tucson, Arizona 
Club BBS 847 632-5558 
Arlington Heights, Illinois 
If vou know the Internet E-Mail address of a 
Sinclair user, but do not have access to Internet, 
simply address your E-Mail to GATOR Sinclair on 
the 24-hour Club BBS and include the name and E- 
Mail address of the user you wish to reach. Then 
check the Club BBS from time to time if you expect 
a reply . 

We encourage you to exchange mail and 
contribute to the UPLOAD section Call and 
register using your first, last name and phone 
number along with a password you won't forget 
Write It Down! Do not try to do anything else at 
this time 

When you call-in the next time, you will have 
Level 5 security and be able to enjoy fuli user 
privileges The BBS has smaller sections called 
conferences. Select "J " for "Join a Conference". 
Select "TIMEX" to get into the Sinclair Section. 
The mail you then read will only be from other T/S 
users. Use extension ART for articles, ADS for 
ads and .NWS for news when UPLOADmg 

For help, contact the SYSOP, Bob Swoger, by 
leaving a message, mail, E-Mail or phone. 
CENG 1 08@email . mot com 

ZXir QLive Alive! 


Summer 1998 


I was at Rod's yesterday and picked up quite a lot of 
items. He indicated that there was some sort of problem 
with the Cleveland stuff and sent a lot of it along with me. I 
haven't had time to inventory anything and hopefully can 
get that done before the Summer issue of ZQA! Some of 
the things I remember from loading are books, books, and 
more books, 100's if TS1000 tapes (Timex & Softsync 
mostly), 2 monitors (green screen), a few boxed TS 1000's, 
a few 16K RAM Packs, 2 boxes of magazines & newsletter s 
and 15 or 20 disk drives and more I took our minivan over 
because of rain and brought back about 75 cubic feet of full 
boxes. He will call me after the rest of the 2068 items are 
sent and I will pick up anything that is still there, plus the 
schematics and files he has. 

I told Rod that I would ship anything to whoever 
wanted it for the cost of shipping. He suggested that 1 add 
10% to cover cost of materials involved in the shipping 
(tape, packaging, etc.). That sounds reasonable 

Anyway, I thought I would let you know that I have 
picked up some of the items and they are available now. If 
someone wants to email me with a request, I will look for 
that specifically until I get everything cataloged. I can be 
contacted by phone (541-389-7353), SASE (67.325 Fryrear 
Rd , Bend, OR 97701) or email Take care, 

Jack (Boatwright) (j boatn o4@. outlawnei . com) . 

Fr om: Michael Henderlight 

I am potentially interested in signing my son up for the 
T/SNUG. He is a 10 year old who thinks Timex/Sinclairs 
rule... I was told that if I e-mailed you and asked, that you 
would send me a free copy of the newsletter "ZXir QLive 
Alive" for evaluation to see the kind of information that it 
contains. Is this true? And could you give me more 
information on the User Group like dues, etc.? Thanks. 

Justin Henderlight 
8224 NE 125th Court 
Kirkland, WA 98034 
<mikehend@MICROS()FT com> 


Yes, NoBuddy needs it more than Slick. Really never 
mastered the Z88 so use it for Diary often and for Alarm 
frequently but did not like Basic nor spreadsheet/Wordpro 
My Smith-Corona dedicated word processor is only 100 Xs 
better. I actually own all the best books on Z88 and 
additional programs on EPROM, etc but too many 
superior devices at hand. Still, I did visit the netpage in the 
UK and will again. My problem with the Z88 is that the 
highest fervor from TS/Spec user groups and newsletters 
had passed by the time the Z88 came out and like a child, I 
always need motivating because have legions of hobbies. 
Thank you kindly for positive words about my 
programming. The skill becomes very idiosyncratic within 
short time. I always LIST progs and am astounded how 
much we all differ in problem-solutions and even mini- 
modules we use for userizing the barebones beginnings 
Thank you especially for e-mailing me frequently cuz of 

course, it is motivating me to learn how The time it must 
take you to foster all of us! All that + newsletter 

Harriet (Jo an) Kealy 

Dear Abed: 

In regards to Al Feng's letter on the intrinsic value of a 
TS2068, he says, "Internet access is the "hot" area of 

computing maybe you should write something for ZQA!" 

So, don't you think now would be a good time to run that 
article I last submitted, on surfing the net via 2068 ? 

David E. Lassov: sysop, SOL BBS @.520-882-0388 
520-882-3972 (voice) (email) 

You guys did well on that project, esp to give 
preference to TS2068, my favorite TS computer though I 
also own the 1000 and Z88 I also was dubious about how 
there could be $1000 worth of shipping cost there, but it has 
all worked out fine with Boatwright also rescuing materials 

About the composite color monitor— that's the kind I 
have~Magnavox~it has required servicing once when it 
was only slightly over a year old for my adjusting clear out 
of visibility, once back to the factory under warranty, and 
once repaired by Radio Shack's central repair facility in 
Fort Worth It is about due, I fear, and I must say that 
Radio Shack's bunch did a marvelous job for $100 about 4 
years ago—yep, it is over 10 years old. What to do next? 
Can we still run these TS2068s off of TVs or has the 
technology been changed radically since 1983?? Would you 
believe I have a 17" RCA TV of 15 yr. age that will also run 
my 2068 's? You might suggest to folks who find no 
composite or RGB monitors that a big colored TV from 
1980s gives a good enough picture with some difficulty 
reading fine print on T AS WORD being the only drawback. 
Thanks for your work to keep our "stuff out of landfill, 

Harriet J Kealy 

Hi Abed, 

Oh, yeah I forgot I also have about 11 cases of 

TS2040 Printer paper Need some? 

I re-counted and there is only 9 cases of paper 2 of 
them are for the TI 700 Silent Printer (same paper as the 
2040 but twice as long, Rod cut them in half for his 
customers I may post them in the TI newsgroup to see if 
any TI folks want them 

I'm trying to find a Manismann Tally-Spirit 80 or a 
Legend 880. I understand that if Timex had stayed in 
business, they would have been the TS2080. So I decided 
to make my own 2080 Find one of the same printers, spray 
paint it silver, and fake a logo I suppose other people have 
done it before me 
Good luck on moving the stuff. 

I've been formulating a plan. Once I get it finalized I'll 
share it with you . One of the problems I can foresee is that I 
have a lot of TS stuff of my own and it could be hard to 
keep it separated from the stuff I got from Rod 

ZXir QLive Alive! 

Summer 1998 

Did you ask Rod what happened to the LarKens 
he had on the list he sent me? 

No, I didn't think of it 1 was too busy packing and 
loading boxes. I spent 4 hours at his place, then had a 
4 1/2 hour drive home . I'll give him a call one of these days 
and ask 

The LarKen I bought didn't work, both boards were 
out on it and the 2068 they were hooked up to was bad too . 
I'm wondering if the guy had a power spike or something. I 
hope not because there were a few other things hooked up 
to it that I haven't had a chance to check out yet. I sent all 
the LarKen boards and the 2068 to Computer Classics last 
week for overhaul. I can't wait until I get them back!!! (I 
sent the RAM Disk too, just in case there was something 
wrong with it.) 

I was reading an article in Time Designs, Vol 1, no 1 
about the plans that Timex once had for the 2068 . Too bad 
they didn't get the Bus Expansion Unit out before they quit 
That would have been something, if everything in the article 
was really in it. I wonder if Timex had a prototype of it, or 

schematics? Tak e care, l§ck__ _ 

Hi Abed, 

I talked to Rod this morning about the Larken All he 
has is the disk controller board, but no LKDOS cart He 
said that it was a mistake on his list and that he had a couple 
of other mistakes, too. He also said he had talked to Bob S 
and given him a list of items that he didn't have that were on 
the list. Take care, Jack 

Dear Abed : 

There are at least two sources in Tucson of used 
composite monitors for the TS2068 Ten dollars gets the 
monochrome Magnavox, whereas fifty gets you a color 
monitor for the Apple II. The market is flooded by those 
monitors right now, and they both work fine with my 2068s. 

David E. Lassov. sysop, 

Hi Abed, 

BTW, I posted the 2 cases of Tl printer paper on 
usenet and got a taker! Same deal as the Timex stuff. ..the 
cost of shipping, plus 10%. I still have 7+ cases of 2040 
paper so the supply should last for a while Take care, 

Jack Boatwright 

Hi Abed, 

Just wanted to take a moment to publicly thank: 

- Fred Henn for getting me a manual for the Memotech 
Centronics I/F. 

- Peter Liebert-Adelt who was going to make copies of his 
manual and send it to me from Germany. 

- Fred Stern for all the help he has given me getting my 
ZX81 and disk interface going. 

- Don Lambert for his letter and info on the Larken 

- Rod Gowen for getting me re-connected to the TS 

- And you my friend, for sending me the copy of the OS-64 
manual A B IG Thanks ! 

Jack Boatwright 

Dear Abed, 

First: Thank You for the 3 Email "humors". AND a 
look into the future: Peter Liebert-Adelt (Germany) has 
requested the Memotech I/F, some books, and magazines 

that you kindly adv, in your newsletter so I'll submit a 
revised list, of what I still have, shortly Sinclairly Yours, 

Fred Henn 

Re: Sunset Electronics 

It's too bad. I was looking through one of their 1985 
catalogs ..they had some interesting items and I was 
hoping they might still have some Before taking them off 
the listing maybe we should ask if anyone has had dealings 
with them recently, it could be that they just moved to a 
new location Does anyone know the name(s) of the 
owner(s)? I would be happy to try to track them down. 

Jac k 

Dear Abed, 

Thanks for the email. Have to be a bit short because I 
am doing a mailshot to invite people for the upcoming 
Eindhoven QL show, and it has to be ready by this evening 

> Al Feng informed me about your interest in sending ads to 
ZQA! " Yes. 

> You can send ads and/or articles. Ads are for free and 
articles are welcomed I do have and old ad for QL Today 
that you mailed me, but a new one is welcomed . 

Okay, will do. 

> You can attach almost anything to your email .GIF, JPG, 
.PCX or any other graphics format Either HUE or MIME 
is accepted by CompuServe. 

Fine, I guess, Netscape attaches with MIME 

Kind regards 

Jochen Merz Software 
Im stillen Winkel 12 - D-47169 
Duisburg - Germany 


Hi Abed, 

I (along with Paul Hodgson, Keith Watson, possibly 
others) have recently been approached by the authors of 
Warajevo to help them with technical info and test software 
for their proposed TS2068 emulation, which they hope to 
include in their v2.5 release slated for June/July 
Most of the technical questions have been answered except: 

1 . How many horizontal scan lines in the top and bottom 

2. How many T states in the left and right borders? 

They are also looking for software they can test on their 
emulator, especially stuff that uses the 2068' s unique 
features. They are aware that some software is still being 
sold here and as a result have promised not to release any of 
it to the Internet as a whole - they will just use it for testing 
their emulation. 

I and a few others have already sent them a number of 
things: Hot Z on cart, Spectrum emulator on cart, 
MSCRIPT, Techdraw JR, upload2000, zeal disassembler, 
3d deathchase, cyber zone, 02/88 issue Byte Power, basic 
64, OS 64 on cart. They already have the handful of games 
& utils available on the Internet that have been converted to 
run on the 2068 (and use its ay chip and joysticks). 

My own 2068-specific software collection is a little 
sparse. Do you know of anyone who might be able to help? 
Keep in mind that the first release will not include Larken or 
JLO emulation. Thanks again Abed. 
One of your loyal ZQA readers, 


ZXir QLive Alive! 


Summer 1998 
/ will try to answer your questions. 

1. The 2068 Mode 1 has 1 92X256 lines, 192X512 in 
Mode 2 - NTSC compatible. I would believe that the 
over scan lines are the same as in NTSC. 

2. ! do not understand what is meant by the ** T ** 
state. Again, the 2068 is fully compatible with the 
NTSC whether you use its VIDEO or its RGB outputs. 
There are 4 Display Modes, but Display Mode 1 is 
generally used for most programs. 

Good luck and let me know if I can be of further help. 


I forgot to mentioned that unlike PCs, the TS2068 

display memory is bit-mapped. 

Hello Alvin, 

It seems that I fell in the same trap — - We are 
dealing with software and not hardware. It should 
work just fine . Abed 

They are quite concerned about the details as they 
would like to release an emulator that's as close to the 
original as possible 

I'll try to expand on what they are looking for 
NTSC has 262 lines on the screen The 2068 divides a 
1 4.112MHz clock, by 896 to generate the horizontal sweep 
freq. (15 75kHz), which means the 2068 has a frame rate of 
15 75e3/262=60 1145Hz (this is also used to generate an 

In normal 256x192 mode, within the horizontal scan 
line, pixels are shifted out serially at a rate of 
14 112MHz/2=7. 056MHz With a 256 pixel horizontal 
resolution, each 256 pixel line is written out in l/7.056e6 * 
256=36. 28us, not including the border 

The ts2068's clock is derived from the 14 112MHz 
clock by dividing by 4. This means that each horizontal scan 
line takes 896/4=224 T states to draw, where IT state = 
time for one z80 clock cycle 

Now, the 2068 screen has 192 lines, but NTSC has 
262 lines total That leaves 70 lines in the top and bottom 
borders The authors want to know how many lines are in 
the top border . 

Each horizontal line has 256 pixels and a left & right 
border They know the whole thing takes 224T states to 
draw, but they would like to know how wide the left border 
is, preferably in T states (the time delay before the 256 pixel 
line is drawn). 

The top and bottom borders and the left and right 
borders are probably equal in size, in which case it's easy to 
answer their questions. But guessing isn't good enough. 

The main concern for them is that it is possible to mix 
display modes on the 2068 so that parts of the screen are in 
512x192 mode, other parts in 256x192 and still others in 
256x192 hi colour. Unless they get these numbers right, 
their emulated display could be a mess compared to the real 

I'm not too familiar with video of any standard so any 
corrections to the above is much appreciated. 

I have also given them a brief description of the Larken 
RAMdisk I don't own one of these, so it's a lot of 
guesswork on my part. Could you let me know if I have it 
right? Basically I told them that Larken DOS maps 32k 

blocks into the top 32k of the DOCK bank. To change 
which 32k block of the 256k available is mapped, you have 
to do an i/o write to Larken' s RAMdisk hardware 

Thanks Abed, Alvin 
PS It looks like the emulation is working well - they tested 

all the TS2068 snaps I sent and they all seem to work. 

Hi Abed, 

First, thanks for the Humor! Some of that was 

Now the bad news I also sent a SASEs to TEJ 

Computer Products and John McMichael. 
TEJ's came back today marked "Attempted Not Known". I 
tried the number listed for them in ZQA tonight and got no 
answer. I will try again tomorrow during business hours. 
I'll let you know what I find out 

John McMichael sent a reply that said "Unfortunately, 

I don't have a whole lot of that kind of stuff left Several 

years ago 1 made the decision to switch to IBM computers 
and sold quite a bit of my Timex computer stuff'. 

Looks like our resources are dwindling fast! I also 
sent SASEs to Jack Dohany, Bill Russell and Keith Watson 
Bill Russell responded and said he had a few items still 
available So far no response from the others 

If you can find out the names of the owners for TEJ 
and Sunset Electronics, I will try to track them down. 



Dave Bennett gave me web address for emulators for 
Mac so I downloaded 3 Spectrum-to-Mac emulators — guess 
will not need ad in newsletter. Thanks tho 

The best place I have found for Macintosh emulation 
software is at the following web site 

Thanks to Dave Bennett 

Harriet (Joan) Kealy 

To : CATS , LIST and ZXir QLive Alive 

1 writing to say that I have recently added to my 
homepage a high resolution schematic of the Sinclair 
+2a/+3 ZX Spectrum. The schematic is divided in two 
halves and each half is 4068 by 5808. I've retyped all 
the hard to read text, filled in missing tracks and 
cleaned up the circuit connections, it took me about 
two months to do it all. 

The scan is in monochrome and in the TIFF 

Amstrad (the company that bought out Sinclair) position on 
the schematic and technical manual is that it can be 
distributed, just as the ROM's are , free for use, but 
Amstrad keeps all rights. Enjoy the schematic and the 
technical manual. My homepage is: 

http://www. atlantic. net/ adansby/sinclair. htm! 
I8r andy (dansby) 

adansby@atlantic. net 

Hi Abed, ~ ~ 

I got your reply email but inadvertently deleted it. I 
was smart enough to print it out, though. 

I may try to find the TEJ and Sunset owners anyway. 
Even if they have very little it might be good to grab it, if 
possible, for the future. Hopefully, whatever they had hasn't 
ended up in a dumpster. I did call TEJ again today, but got 

ZXir QLive Alive! 


Summer 1998 

no answer at the listed number 

Bill Russell said there had been a few inquiries and that 
he should go through his boxes to see exactly what he had. 
So far he hasn't gotten back to me (we corresponded the 
end of February). 

Say, when would you like the list of the item I have? I 
know the next ZQA issue is in June and am wondering how 
soon before the issue you would like it Timing is 
everything, you know Any special format? I can to it in 
ASCII & Word 6 0 for sure, maybe a couple of others. Do 
you want a disk or can I just attach it to an email? 


I am interested in finding out more information about 
this group. I have a MK 14, two ZX80 machines, numerous 
ZX81 and TVS 1000 machines, a couple T/S1500 machines, 
several printers and at least one T/S2068 . 

John M. Franke WA4WDL 
23 Parkwood Dr. Apt 201 
Yorktown, VA 23693-48 19 

_ E-mail: j . m. franke@larc . nasa . gov 

Hello Abed, April 9, 1998 

Just received this disk in today's mail and I tried to 
load the file to read it. One computer could not even read 
the directory The other one could read the directory but the 
file has an error in it. (Apparently the disk was x-rayed) 

I am also enclosing a copy of the statement from UPS 
for the last shipment of boxes that went to Iowa I hope to 
have another, maybe the last, shipment out in a week or 

By the way, there was a Larken disk I/F and cartridge board 
here after all so it will go out in the next shipment to Iowa. 

There is a balance of $109.46 left of the shipping 
money from TSNUG I will ship boxes until that runs out or 
until I run out of boxes If there is any part of the above 
amount left I will return it to you. 

Whatever is left after I have shipped as many boxes to 
Iowa that the money will cover will be given to Jack 
Boatwright in Bend. He will eventually get an inventory 
completed and will send you a copy of such inventory list to 
be printed in the newsletter. I am just happy that the TS 
hems are not being used as landfill I cannot believe how 
much room I have now that this stuff is being cleared out! 

I will look forward to reading what I assume was the 
IN/OUT column from the current issue of the newsletter it 
you send another copy. Take Care, 

Rod Gowen 

Thanks Abed 

I sent you a reply email a week or so ago that came back 

today. It was the one where you didn't understand what I 
meant by the term "carts". I had shortened cartridges to 
carts. I have gotten a couple of inquiries on obtaining 2068 
cartridges I suppose these are history by now, unless there 
are some in Rod's stuff 


Please send me info on your Timex Sinclair Club and 
newsletter Thanks 

Terry Jones arizona@ac6es s 

ZXir QLive Alive! 6 

From. Swoger-CENG108 Bob on Thu, Apr 16, 1998 10:13 
AM Subject: RE: RMG 

J said he r eceived stuff from ROD we asked not to be 
shipped. J said for the most part Rod did ship what was 
stated would be shipped, right J? 

— ==GATOR==— 

Hi Abed, 

I will pick up the final items from Rod on Saturday the 
25th. That gives me about 20 days to finalize the list 
for you. 


Vacuum Tnl34B® 

One of the 'mysteries of the universe' that I do NOT 
understand is how a vacuum tube functions if you can 
explain THAT, a lot of gaps in my understanding of 
electronics will probably be filled in 

Al. Feng j£><2- 
/ will try to put it in plain English. "/"x^r" 

The biggest vacuum tube you have"' in your 
house is the TV picture tube. 

It is funnel shaped, you must have seen one of 
course it is highly evacuated to create a vacuum to 
facilitate electron motion inside. 

At the narrow end inside, there is a metal plate. 
Behind this plate there is an electric heater that heats 
this plate to a very high temperature thus liberating 

The negatively charged (-) heated plate liberates 
electrons, these electrons are magnetically bundled 
into a very narrow ray (beam). The electron beam is 
attracted to the front of the picture tube (the large 
end) that is positively (+) charged to about 40,000 
volts and coated with phosphors on the inside that 
glow when this beam hits that surface producing a 
piece of the picture. 

Positive and negative charges do attract each 
other like the north and south magnet poles. 

> what function does a vacuum tube serve in a circuit 

how does it modify what is happening? 

The electron tube is used to amplify an 
alternating current signal. 

It can also rectify an alternating current into 
direct current. 

It can also modify impedance. 

It can work as a switch. 

It can oscillate (generate a signal) etc 

In this day of solid state there are still electron 
tubes used where solid state can not handle the 
power such as magnetrons for RADAR and for your 
microwave oven. 
I will describe amplification. 

An electron tube contains an electron source, the 
heated metal plate called CATHODE. This cathode 
emits electrons that travel to another metal plate 
called the PLATE which is charged (+). Between the 
two there is an element called GRID. An alternating 
signal is applied to the grid. As this signal alternates, 
the electron flow from the cathode to the plate 
increases or decreases accordingly. The resulting 
signal shows up at the plate many times the original 

Summer 1998 

magnitude of the signal on the grid - amplified. 
> the case of a first generation computer, how did 
the vacuum tubes function in the circuit? 

The tubes functioned as an ON and OFF switch 
devices for the binary 0 and 1 . 
>Why are more tubes (or, transistors) BETTER? 

They are not better but rather more suited for a 
particuiar appiication. Abed 

Videogame Collector! 

I'm looking for cartridges for the TS 2068 (and 
perhaps the TS 1000, as well as the cartridge module for it), 
and was wondering if 

a) the RMG inventory has any and if it's available yet, 

b) I could put a want ad up even though I'm not a member 


c) You know anyone selling the cartridges 

Russ Perry Jr 
2175 S. Tonne Dr#105 
Arlington Hts, IL 60005 

I saw each of your msgs that you sent yesterday Yes, 
Bob, except for more copies of T/S tape software, like 1 5 
copies of States & Capitals, then we'll probably ever need 
what we've recvd so far is what we want I agree, Abed, 
now - at the end of this road - is not the time to get trivial 
about what has been sent, since it is almost exactly what we 
want, we should be so lucky with our children. Jack, 1 see 
no reason to return the distance you have to drive for the A 
& J 2000, unless you're going that way anyway or you sense 
Rod wants to do it. If you keep it, it would be just more 
money that we could save. 
Right? All? So, even though I 
have printed the complete list of 
RMG stuff you provided, Bob, 
etc. it will sit until after As will 
the shipments, with the first in 
house basement office/orphan 
computer room (when I foolishly 
thought that was all that was 
coming) and the second in our 
heated garage. A rough list of 
the second is: 11 QL's (10 is 
their orig. boxes status unknown 
and the 1 1th modified into a 
Commodore/Vic 20 keyboard case w/modified keyboard), 3 
cases of 48 each 2040 thermal paper in new condition, and a 
box of mostly T/S tape SW incl "Rocky Horror Show' , 
'American Football' - Speecy, 'Gulpman', Greeting Card 
Designer', Stan Lemke stuff, 'Night Gunner' and a bunch of 

copies of stuff like 'Profile 3', etc. More later J 

Hiroshima '45 - T/S '83 - Chernobyl '86 - Windows '95 
John J (Jay) Shepard, III wrote: > 

> So lucky with our children. Jack, I see no reason to return 
the distance you have to drive for the A & J 2000, unless 
you're going that way anyway or you sense Rod wants to do 
it. If you keep it, it would be just more money that we 
could save Right? All? 

I am going over to Rod's on the 25th to pick up the 

2 - DoOf Touring Brougham $1095 00 F.O.B. Bisbee 

Cochise Motor Co. 

rest of the items that won't be shipped I don't need 
another A&J (I have 2 interfaces and 3 drives already)! Not 
a problem to keep it here, though You're right, it would 
save on shipping, and, I can send it from here if someone 
wants it. 

Should I let Rod know, or will one of vou? 

Don't bother to tell Rod. Keep it and show it on 

your list. 

Hi Abed, 

Just letting you know that 1 picked up the last of the 
items from Rod on Saturday He still had one box or so to 
send to Iowa. The A&J 2000 will go to Iowa. Rod insisted 
that it should, so I took it with me on Saturday 
Abed, I will have a list to you soon of the stuff still in 

Also, Rod was going to save me an Aerco disk 
interface but sent it to Iowa Jay, would you be kind enough 
to save one for me. Or should I go through Frank Davis? 
Bob, Rod gave me the LogiCall disk and docs. He said you 
made him promise! ! ! Thanks. 

Rod has sent one fellow to me who has a corrupted 
Larken file called "bedet" or "bedit". Trouble is I still 
haven't gotten my Larken back from Dan, so can't help him 

Anyway, that's what's new in this neck of the woods 

Message text written by INTERNET :. net@concentric . net 

You would not believe the can of worms—ran all over 
Germany (it felt like cuz of expense) trying to get "ZX 
Loader" to load "Bridge" into MacSpectacle (best 
emulator) from my old Tandy Computer Cassette recorder 
After being reminded mercilessly how bad my German is, I 

finally found the ZX Loader on 
US website. Download no 
problem and fine piece of 

But like Guenter Woigk, 
author of ZX Loader and 
McSpectacle, said loading from 
these 12 year old tapes is not easy 
and the Tandy recorder does not 
adjust anything but volume. I 
have tried 3 or 4 times yet and 
cannot get a useable tape. So far 
all it has cost me is way more 
than the original tape. Thank 
God both TS2068s still work. Adventure fun anyhow and I 
shall try again on tape. This afternoon go to register for 
new economy line to Internet < 

Harriet J. Kealy 

Hi Abed, 

>The literature I have shows that Timex announced 10 2068 
cartridges. Do you know if they were all produced? 
> Were there anymore produced by anyone else? 

There were a few made by others - like the 
OS64, Larken . . can't think of all of them at this time. 
They are hard to find now. But I maybe all wet 
>Well, I have Budgeter, Crazybugs, States & Capitals, and 
Flight Simulator cartridges They say Timex Sinclair on 
them. Rod says that there should also be Penetrator, Casino 

*€S Soto 

See It in Our 
Display Room 

ZXir QLive Alive! 


Summer 1998 

1, Androids, and Pinball carts 


Seems to me if it were on your inventory list that 
would do the trick 

I saw Frank Davis today He is now aware that all is 
almost in place. He did not do very much business at our 
show, but we hope that he and Carol had a good visit and 
nice stay at the INN. I feel that he may have only broke even 
on this fest. Donaldson, Herre, Kwitkowski, Pashtoon and I 
all attended 

— ==GATOR==— 

Hi Abed, " ~ ~ ~~ 
I'm attaching a list of the items I picked up from Rod 
It's pretty close to being complete, but you'll notice I have 
got the disk drives listed yet, and a couple of other things I 
will keep working on it when I have time, but probably 
won't be done by the 15th and wanted to send you 
something for ZQA! Take care, 


TERMAX is merely the localized version of MaxCom 
The 2068 simply has not enough memory for all the neat 
capabilities, we have given MaxCom ! 

Hey, Abed, this is GREAT; So, why don't you 
consider it for inclusion in ZQA ? David 

Error Messages 
The following are new Windows messages that are under 
consideration for the planned Windows 2000 

1) Smash forehead on keyboard to continue. 

2) Enter any 1 1 -digit prime number to continue. 

3) Press any key to continue or any other key to quit. 

4) Press any key except no, No, NO, NOT THAT ONE! 

5) Press Ctrl-Alt-Del now for IQ test 

6) Close your eyes and press escape three times 

7) Bad command or file name! Go stand in the corner 

8) This will end your Windows session. Do you want to 
play another game? 

9) Windows message: "Error saving file! Format drive 
now? (Y/Y)" 

10) This is a message from God Gates- "Rebooting the 
world. Please log off." 

1 1) To "shut down" your system, type "WIN." 

12) BREAKFAST. SYS halted... Cereal port not 

13) COFFEE SYS missing Insert cup in cup holder and 

press any key. 

14) CONGRESS SYS corrupted Re-boot Washington 
DC? (Y/N) 

15) File not found Should I fake it? (Y/N) 

16) Bad or missing mouse Spank the cat? (Y/N) 

17) Runtime Error 6D at 417A:32CF: Incompetent User. 

18) Error reading FAT record: Try the SKINNY one? 

19) WinErr 16547- LPT1 not found. Use backup. (PENCIL 

20) User Error: Replace user 

21) Windows VirusScan 1.0 - "Windows found: Remove it? 

22) Welcome to Microsoft's World - Your Mortgage is 
Past Due... 

23) If you are an artist, you should know that Bill Gates 

owns you and all your future creations, Doesn't it feel 
nice to have security? 

24) Required Government Warning: After we got caught in 
cahoots with the hardware manufacturers for trying to 
needlessly fill your hard drives, the following message is 
now required as you save your files in Word 

"Word has detected that you don't wish to save your text 
file as a lumpy and space wasting doc format filled with 
potential viruses Would you like to save your old outdated 
ASCII file as a Word file anyway?" 

25) Your hard drive has been scanned and all stolen 
software titles have been deleted . The police are on the 

To: Swoger-CENG108 Bob 

From: INTERNET on Fri, Jan 30, 1998 
Hi Bob, 

Well, Bob I don't know who this Bill McKelvey is, 

but I will say that he must be a glutton for punishment. 
But, I will say that I did produce the BEST monthly 
newsletter that the volunteers at the Mission ever saw using 
just a copy of WordPerfect and a copier machine that had 
zoom & reduction capability ... I used cut-and-paste to 
insert graphcis, including the banner , 

There is no reason that he needs more than what he 
has ..... McKelvey' s only limitation is his design sensibilities 
and his patience with the speed (or, lack of) of the QL 
E-Mail with the QL This is only theortical, but if McKelvey 
has an ISP, there is every probability that QMOSAIC will 
suffice for sending and receiving e-mail ..he should contact 
local ISPs and AOL (as an example) to see they can advise 
him about connecting non-PC & non-MAC platforms , 

If he has the patience, he can modify the LISTing of 
QLUTter that was recently printed in ZQA! to send and 

If someone tells me what needs to be done, I might be 
able to write the PROCedure for the program 

I also think you may want to re-send the message to 
someone at NESQLUG 


> From: BILL MCKELVEY Sent: 09-24-97 13:29 


Re: (R)DeskTop Publishing 

» My question is: do you want to do the desktop 

publishing on the QL or the TS2068? 

I want to be able to do ths DTP on my new QL I was using 

WordMaster (from Jack Dohaney) on my company news 

letter. I would like to be able to use something similar on my 

QL. I heard something like Designline? can do that? 

I have Page Designer 3 (similar to PixelPrintpro) and 


How do I get in touch with Paul Holmgren? 
» By the way, do you have an Internet EMAIL address? 
I do not have an e-mail address as I only have Sinclair 
computers, and do not know any way to send or receive e- 
mail with them. 


I have two copies of the ZEUS documentation. It is a 
22-page manual. The pages are about 5x7 inches, so the 
documentaton is a bit skimpy. But it is all there, 
nevertheless. ZEUS is a Z-80 assembler, sold by SoftSync, 

ZXir QLive Alive! 


Summer 1998 

Inc., and this copy says that it is for the Timex/Sinclair 
2068. It's one of those things I could not bear to throw out.. 
Interested in HOTZ, by chance! ! 

Let me know if you want me to send you a copy of Zeus 
documentation Tape also if you want. 

George Chambers 

Dear George : 

I have found a copy of ZTERM-64 XMODEM Fix by 
Rdwin L. Schoen, and it is straightforward. Bob Schimke 
assures me, that this fix will also repair MaxCom's problem. 

So, we'll let you all know how it goes, but we can 
nevertheless use any instructions you know of on using 
ZEUS Assembler. 

Yes, George, I have ZEUS on both tape and disk. 
HOTZ, too! It's just that I forget how to use ZEUS, and I 
thought maybe instructions would at least HELP ! ! 
Notice, that MaxCom is receiving CODED files from the 
Apple, here So, the SEND routine needs a little work 

David Lassov 

Hello Abed, 

Thanks for sending the disk back again I just finished 
"reading" the file and thought that I should set the record 

Somehow, someone has the impression that I was or 
wanted to "move" from my present location. Not so! I 
moved here in 1993 and when my wife died. I used her life 
insurance to pay off the house so I am not about to move 
The reason for wanting to be rid of the TS inventory is 

1 I can no longer run a mail order business effectively with 
my rapidly failing vision and no one to help. 

2 The TS inventory is not a hot property at this stage and I 
knew that it could only get worse 

3 I needed the space for other purposes My oldest 
daughter is living here and the inventory was being stored in 
what I want to use for my new office/library Then my 
current office will become her room. 

4. My new business "old time radio"' programming for a 
local radio station, has forced me to find a place to store 
several thousand old radio shows on cassette, reel-to-reel 
tapes as well as video tape, This, along with my office will 
be located in the former storage room that has now been 
cleared of TS inventory. 

I have, at this time, very little TS inventory left at this 
location. I have made 3 shipments to Mr. Shepard in Iowa, 
totaling 364 pounds I have had Jack Boatwright pick up 
one van load of items, probably more than 900 pounds in all. 
He is due to pick up a second load (maybe another 200 
pounds in all) this weekend. I also sent one shipment of 65 
pounds to Mr. Gillespie 

I was amazed to find out when I started the shipping 
that UPS had just raised all of their rates and no longer 
charged a "pick up" fee. I did a little figuring and came to the 
conclusion that the current rates are about SO. 92 per pound 
to Iowa. 

At this point, I have a few more items to ship to Iowa 
and have $60.19 left of the moneys sent to me by Abed. I 
will ship the remaining items and then will hold the balance 
until June, by which time I will have moved my office and 
will be absolutely sure that I do not have anything left of 

interest to ship. On June 15, 1998, 1 will send a refund check 
to you for T/SNUG 

I want to thank all of those who made it possible for 
these items to find a place where they can be dispersed to 
those who may nave a use for them. I sure did not relish the 
thought that they would wind up in the dump. 

I will be giving Jack Boatwright a LOT of printed 
materials.. He will have many schematics, manuals, user 
guides, magazines, books, and other documents that I have 
no further use for He will get a lot of ad copy fr om virtually 
all of the early vendors involved in the TS line. He says that 
he hopes to make all of this material available to any who 
want it. He even hopes to post a lot of it on the Internet at 
some future date. I wish him luck 

Remember, I will still make myself available as a TS 
resource if I am needed 

Thanks again Abed and Bob as well as all 

who contributed to the 'RMG' project. 


Rod Gowen 

On Wed, May 13, 1998, wrote: 

This will be the final repeat to those who do not feel it 
is too far to go to attend a very unique show for 
QL/QDOS/SMSQE users May 23rd of 1998, please try to 
be there. Bedford PA USA at the Carriage House 
restuarant. Frank Davis 

FWD Computing 

Show Co-ordinator 


I'm working on another issue, but I don't have enough 
material I am working on a Qliberator Source Book. It 
will cover tips and tricks on using Qlib and the various 
extentions and SB tools to help the programmer. I'm also 
working on a "QL PD Documentation Project". The idea is 
to get as much QL/QDOS tech. Information available to all. 
From various sources I already have 

QDOS Traps 

System Vars 

Norman Dunbar's EasyPTR tutorial 
PE Tutorial 

Qlib Source Book (when done) 

I've included some of my articles for various 
newsletters. I'm looking for authors to submit any articles 
they have written for any QL newsletter. Looking to focus 
on more tutorial type articles. I plan to make as much of 
this available on my web page Thats all for now 

Tim Swenson 

Dear George: 

We are working on Maxbbs.Cl, in order to update 
MaxCom. Maxbbs.Cl is David Solly's version of the CODE 
for MaxCom, which accepts A C as a terminal command, 
rather than &. Also, Les Cottrell sent us a nice disassembly 
of MOCOD CI. We have filled in some and corrected some, 
in order to update Les's listing, by comparing it to what 
SPECTRAMON tells us. Of course, SPECTRAMON is 
only one of your contributions to this effort !! 

Now, early on, we have identified some CODE from 
60352 to 60393. It is called at 60320, from within some 
INs and OUTs. The CODE after 60362 seems to put OUT a 

ZXir QLive Alive! 

Summer 1998 

RUN, COPY, and a COPY Then it returns, and it looks 
like we can patch this up, by some CODE at the end of 
RAM, before 65535 KEEP ON TIMEX'n 

David Lassov 

Anyone in your group have a TS2048 or TS2068 for sale? 

William Gimius 
Network Operations Manager, Kansas City LAN Support 
US Dept. of Labor, BLS " 
1100 Main St Suite 600 
Kansas City, MO 64105 
816-426-7095 816-426-6778 (Fax) 

Sineiair E-Mail List 

Albrecht, Alvin 

aralbrec@concentric. net 

Anson, Gerald 

j erry a@azt ec 

Barker Robin 

Robin@di-ren. demon. 

Bennett, Dave 

dbennett@epix. net 

Boatwright, Jack 

jboatno4@outlawnet. com 

Boehm, Al 

Boehm, Bill 

boehm@plh. af. mil 

C. A. T. S. 

Cable, Bill 

bcable@triton. coat, com 

Chambers, George 

gfchamb@pathcom. com 

Collins, Bill 

bcollins@home. ifx. net 

:w\ ■ ,,— — - 

Cottrell, Les 

jacottrell@juno. com 

Craz-Figueroa, Jaime 

cruzfiguer@aol. com 

Dansby, Andrew 

Davis, Frank 

Decourtney, Jeff 

104727. 1 1 

England, William 

wengland@iname. com 

Feng, Al 

Fink, Mike 

domino. cubes@.excelsior. net 

Franke, John 

j . m. franke@larc.nasa. gov 

Ganger, Gary 

gangerg@dma. org 

Gillespie, Doug 

aa43 1 @cleveland. freenet . edu 

Harbit, Ken 

Henderlisht, Mike 

mikehend@microsoft . com 

Henn, Fred 

oranur@juno . com 

Hunkins, James 

jdhunki@ibm. net 

Impellizerri, John 

jimpellizem@eompuserve. com 

Jaap, Matthias 

Matthias Jaap@hhs. hh. 

Jonas, Mike 

mjonas@bbn. com 

Jones, Terry 

tjones@iname. com 

Kaczor, Jon 

75363. 1 

Kahale, Abed 

akahale@compuserve. com 

Kealy, Harriet Joan 

hjkealy@hilconet . com 

Kingsiey, Ed 


Konig, Urs 

urs. koenig@agrodata. ch 


Kwitkowski, Phillip 

Lancaster, Garry 

dharkhig@delphi. com 

Lassov, David 

emanon@azstaraet. com 

Lebowitz, Dave 

Lessenberry, Gary 

glessenb@usr. com 

Liebert-Adelt, Peter 

Malloy, Bob 

74776. 1161 @compuserve. com 

McKelvey, William 

mckelve> r 

Merz Jochen 

j ochenmerz@i -m- s . com 

Miiler Sevmour 

seymil@delphi. com 

Muth, Bob 

bobkeeper 1 @aol. com 

Norton, Gary 

gnorton@wor id . std .com 

Parrish, Gil 

107765. 1 
s.- — t: 

Pashtoon, Nazir 

napware@juno . com 

Pazmino, John 

i olin. pazmino@moondog . com 

Perry, Russ Jr 

slandashfajenteract . com 

Rigter, Wilf 


' P 

Rish John 


Shepard, Jay 

j shepard@netins . net 

Simon, Thomas 


Skapinski, Tom 

tskapins@juno . com 

Smith, Dennis 

dennv. smith(®iuno . com 

£ ; 1 

Swenson, Tim 

Swenson, Tim 


Z.. ^w*"^'^ ^" ^-Z-ZJjZSZ 

Swentko, Wally 

Swoger, Robert 

Tavlor Jeff 

j etaylor@spar . ca 

Thoresen, Jeff 

Walterman, Don 

Washington, Barry 

mf0002@epfl2 . epflbalto . org 


1 just heard from Jan Venema, and he has indicated 
that you can exit the DOS version of QLAY by using a 

'CTRL ALT SHIFT X« (i.e., upper case X) it works. 

Venema also indicated that 

* via option -m you can emulate anything from 128k till 

* mdv does not solve the directory issue. Without some 
transfer program from QL to PC it's of little use. For the 
moment just rely on WI N 1 

* SERial is more likely but equally difficult to me to code It 
will take a while to do that addition. No plans yet for direct 
FLP access 

* The plan is that QLAY will remain freeware As the 
'readme.txt' says, from release 090 on, all source code will 

J*? available too... Al Feng 

Hi Abed, 

Here is what I have so far in the way of a Timex Web Page. 

I still need to link to other pages so "what you see is 
what you get", for now 

Constructive criticism is always welcome. 
Jack Welcome to TIMEXSinclair World 

Serving all Timex/Sinclair computers- TS1000, 
TS1500 & TS2068 (and maybe even the Sinclairs) 
Member T/SNUG 

T/SNUG Questions and Inquiries contact: Abed Kahale 
(akahale@compuserve. com) 

The machines 1 TS1000 Computer 2.TS1500 
Computer 3. TS2068 Computer 

The Peripherals -TS1016 16K RAM -TS1510 
Command Cartridge Player »TS2020 Computer Program 
Recorder -TS2040 Printer -TS2050 Telephone Modem 
•TS2090 Command Sticks 
The Software -TS 1000/1 500 'TS2068 

Tell us what you think of this site. 
Jack Boatwright, May 28, 1998 jboatno4@outlawnet com 

ZXir QLive Alive! 


Summer 1998 


Donald S. Lambert 

hen I had my annual physical in December Dr. 
Paine suggested get my appendix scar operated 
on since it was herniating So that was a 
medical problem to get taken care of before it fully 
herniated and entrapped the bowels I put that on hold for a 
while, Then when I went in for an eye exam February 25th 
which I felt was needed to get new lenses I was told that 
both eyes were in need of cataract surgery. The left eye for 
the first time and the right eye that had been operated on in 
1994 a laser burn off of the membrane back of the 
implanted lens and that would fix that eye for the future 
since it would never get cloudy again. 

o I ended up with an eye appointment with Dr 
Parent who is the eye surgeon that I had went to 
before And the appointment was for April 8th to 
exam the left eye for first time surgery and for the right 
eye to be treated (blasting the membrane off in tiny blasts). 
March 8th I went to Indianapolis to the HamFest and 
talked to Frank Davis about his experiences with his 
herniated appendix scar. No way I wanted to go through 
that, I decided that the worst of the winter was over. I saw 
the Surgeons Dr. Paul, and on March 16th I was operated 
on and spent two days in the hospital and then loafed 
around home (no driving the cars no lifting of more than 5 
lbs ) until April 30th when 1 was told I could do anything I 
wanted to On April 8th Masako, my wife, drive me to Dr. 
Parent's clinic and we spent most of an afternoon there and 
I got the laser treatment . That evening at 10 the effects of 
all the eye drops used (2illions of them as the kids would 
say) wore off and my vision return to the right eye. How 
did I know that it had worked? I could read the fine print in 
my paperback dictionary without a magnifying glass! 
What is next? June 11th when I go back to Dr. Parent's 
clinic to get my left eye worked on. 

will admit that I did not get much computing done 
during my recovery For the first part I did a lot of 
d-b napping Seems like I was worn out from just getting 
up and eating breakfast and shaving and washing up And 
then later it seem like all I wanted to do with the computer 
required lifting in excess of five pounds. And the weather 
was so gloomy that I didn't have much ambition And my 
five foots ninety five pound wife had to mow the yard 
three timeS before I was able to take over. I am sure glad I 
bought a self propelled lawn mower last fall, 
jn nj he hardest thing to do is to ride with the wife 
driving and not back-seat drive. Her driving 
t— — i habits are not mine. But we got there and no 
accidents 50 1 guess all is O K 

ay back when! last year sometimes I saw an 
article in NUTS & VOLTS about making a 
battery Gas gauge Well, a later update gave 
a company that offered a printed circuit board for that and 
my letter to them was printed in the current (May 1998) 
issue to modify the 12 volt monitoring to a 6 volt (or the 
math to figure for any volt) battery I had ordered a pair of 
boards when I saw that they were available and I ordered 
the LM3914 chip which came last week. So now as the 
garage gets warmer 

have to get that going for using S RAYOVAC RENEWABLE 
Alkaline batteries to be standby for the Z88 
~! also ordered a 110 VAC to 220 VAC wallwart to 
use on the Z88 EPROM ERASER. I needed to have 
f— 3 enough items to make the order over $20.00 to avoid 
the extra $5.00 charge for a small order I ordered from 
JAMECO For those interested the transformer is #99457 
50'vN 110V4C to 220 VAC weight 0 7 pounds *5 95 
JAMECO 1-800-831-4242 and ask for a catalog. 

fler all the excitement and planning I believe that 
RMG has all the T/S stuff moved to where it can 
be accessed and shipped to any that want it . But 
like I always have maintained there are so many that are 
using the Timex Sinclair computers that don't know of all 
the sources there are If we had known of Jack Boatwright 
before this all would have been taken care of much easier 
and cheaper. But at least it got down. 
£T? did get the lists of the CATS cassette library made 
from the information in the newsletters. I have 
found that some of the programs would not L04D 
and SAVE BUT! in some cases learned that some of the 
programs were Spectrum programs, find one program will 
not LIST even if you can get it to break. But on that I did 
get further information so I will have to get back to that 
Ns John Riley wrote, he learned a lot from converting 
cassette ACw DCISY- but | mi sd sinCQ the pure AERCO 
does not have a NMI SAVE button 
^T? was SAVEing to Oliger SAFE and one thing it has 
in the directory is the byte length of the program 
f— — 3 SAVEd., So that is handy when you see from the 
header reader that the program is, for instance, 4751 bytes 
long and the Cat after SAVEing to disk shows 1395 you 
know that the entire program did not get SAVEd. I also 
learned that using MERGE "" to LOAD a program often 
would break a program that I could not BREAK any other 
way. Of course that i5 old hat to a lot of you. 

use MSCRIPT for my word processor and I wanted 
to number the pages So read the MSCRIPT manual 
ti-i and it gives it as >PN=xx where the xx is the 5tarting 
number of the page. But it didn't work however I saw an 
example in the manual: 
>LM=B, LL=50, PS=4, PL=43, PN=1 
>BT=article name//Page $ 

pj hat did work. For those of you that don't use 
MSCRIPT this i5 the header and none of this 
appears in the text and deciphered it i5 Left 
Margin 8, Line Length 50, Page Space 4, Page length 43, 
Page number 1. Bottom of text article names and the 
slashes the article name and the article name would be 
centered and both slashes before the article name would 
print the article name on the far right. Now the Page $ is 
the one that gets the page number to print . I suppose the $ 
is for the string of the page number If you had wanted the 
article name at the top along with the page number you 
would have used TT instead of BT TT is Top of Text in 
my mind. 

ZXir QLive Alive! 


Summer 1998 

f course it takes a little waste paper to learn the 
proper PS which is the number of lines between 
paper. Thought I had it set and it ran off several 
pages and suddenly it started to put text on the following 
page and then the article name and Page number What had 
happened was that the preceding pages had a blank line at 
the bottom of each page so when the line on the bottom 
line had text was the PS forced to the next page. I cured 
that by decreasing the PL by one. How many years have I 

been using MSCRJPT and didn't know how to use Page 
numbering? Must be about 13 or 14 

ow that I am capable of doing thm95 I have been 
informed that get done. So that is what will be 
what I will be doing the next few weeks. With 
TSing being what I get to do between times if there is any 
energy left for that. I do find that I tire more easily 50 
maybe I am not 100% over the operation Till next time 
this is it. 

1 & 

c I a i f Iinrent ©j?y 

A^srailalbl^ To Yon fox* Jt*^ X* © G (You pay shipping expenses) 

9 TS1016 16K Ram Pak (1000) 

3 Magic Bridge- 1 6K RAM Packs 

1 Modem-Byte-Back MD-68 Assembled (2068) 

4 Modem-Byte-Back Spectraterm VI .3 (2068) 
68 Timex-Crazybugs (2068-C) 

84 Timex-States & Capitals (2068-C) 

Larken-George Chambers Utility Disk (2068)(Pd) 
Chambers-LKDOS Disk Utiliy Package (2068)(S/W) 
Chambers-MS DOS to LKDOS ASCII File Converter 
Byte Power-D U.S. Utility Disk (Pd)(Larken) 
Manuai-D.U.S Users Manual On Disk LKDOS (2068) 
Basic Tool Kit (2068) 
E-Z Key-Upload 2000 (2068) 

Novelsoft Suite-LKDOS -Timachine/Artworx/Worx/ZXP 
Profile 2068 (Used)(2G68) 
Tech Draw Jr (2068) 
Zebra-Creative Graphics & Sound (2068) 
Zebra Greeting Card Designer (2068) 
Zebra-Icon Library-Nature (2068) 
Zebra-Icon Library- America (2068) 
Zebra Sign Designer (2068) 
Zebra Banner Designer (2068) 
Zebra-Icon Library-Holiday #1 (2068) 
Zebra-Icon Library-Holiday #2 (2068) 
Zebra-Icon Library-Religion (2068) 
Zebra- Icon Library-Travel (2068) 
Zebra-Icon Library-Animals (2068) 
Zebra-Icon Library-Party (2068) 
Zebra-Icon Library- Jewish Holidays (2068) 
Zebra-Leon Library-Sports (2068) 
Zebra-Icon Library-Christmas (2068) 
Lemke-Pixel Print Plus DTP (2068) 
Executive-Clue (2068) 
Executive- Accts Program (S/W) 
Executive-Income Statement (2068) 
Executive-Menu Master (2068) 
Timex-Circuit Board Scramble (2068) 
Timex-Crazybugs (2068-T) 
Wilcox-Tarot (2068) 
Wilcox- Yacht (2068)(S/W) 
Pi-Weld Design (2068)(S/W) 
Pi-Piping System Design (2068) 
Pi-Continuous Beam (2068) 
Pi-Simple Beam Strength (2068) 
Pi-Sheet Metal Forming (2068) 
AERCO-RP/M Master Disk W/Docs (2068) 
Omnidisk (Omnicalc/Aerco Converter)(2068) 
4 Keytops-Cricket House (2068)(H/W) 

10 Keyboard- EZ Key Interface Kit (1000(2068) 
1 Book-QL Owners' Manual (QL)(Used)(S/W) 
1 Printer-TS2040 Complete (Used) 
1 Printer- Alphacom 32 Thermal Printer (Used) 

7 Case-Ccmputer/2068 W/Keyboard (No Motherboar) 
1 Card Edge-64 Pin . 1 Spacing (206S)(H/W) 

94 Timex-Spelling I (2068-T)(S/W) 

8 Timex-Crazybugs (2068-T)(S/W) 

7 Timex-States & Capitals (2068-T)(S/W) 

1 Logical 1 V6.0 Upgrade (2068)(S/W)(Pd) 

2 Manual-LKDOS L3/L3f Upgrade (S/W)(2068) 
6 Book-Sams Beginner/Intermediate Guide 

6 Book-Sams Intermediate/Advanced Guide 

12 Book-Computer Interfacing In Science (1000/2068) 
16 Book-TS2068 Basics & Beyond (SAV)(2068) 

1 Book-Brain Games For Your TS (S/W)( 1 000/1 500/2068) 

1 Book-2068/2050 Telecommunications Manual (Carter) 

1 Book-Inside The TS2000 (2068)(S/W) 

6 Computer-TSlOOO (H/W) 

5 Computer-TSlOOO (As-Is)(H/W) 

1 Ips-Diet Program ( 1 000)(S/W) 

4 Keytops-Cricket House (1000) (H/W) 

1 A&J 1 000 Microdrive (H/W)( 1 000) 

2 Compusa-Keyboard Bleeper Kit ( 1 000)(H/W) 
2 Keyboard-Ti Surplus ( 1 000/1 500)(H/W) 

13 Book-The Ins & Outs Of TS 1000 (S/W)( 1000/1 500) 
20 Book-TSlOOO Owners Manual (S/W) 

2 Foote- Advanced Math (1000/1 5 00/SAV) 

2 Foote-Calorie Counter ( 1 000/1 500)(S/W) 

2 Foote-U.S A (1000/1500)(SA¥) 

1 Foote-Fun & Games (1 000/1 500)(SAV) 

46 Mindware-Gulp (1000)(S/W) 

1 Book-Basics Of TS 1 500/1 000 Basic (S/W) 

1 Book-Fifty 1 K/2K Games For ZX8 1 /TS 1 000 (S/W) 

1 Book-49 Explosive Games For ZX8 1 (S/W)( 1 000/1 500) 

1 Book-Making The Most Of Your ZX8 1 


1 Cover-Dust-Jasco TS 1 000 Vinyl (H/W) 
4 Pad-TSlOOO Computer/Ram Desk Pad (H/W) 
1 Dataquester-States & Caps/Checkbook Manager (Use 
1 Book-Learning TS BASIC (1000)(S/W)(Used) 
1 Book-Programming Your TS 1 000 In Basic (S/W) 
1 IPS-Pac Rabbit ( 1 000)( S/W) 
IPS-Pac Rabbit (Used)(S/W)(1000) 
IPS-Diet Program Package (1 000/1 500)(S/W) 
Kopak EZ Cassette Loader S/W (1 000)(S/W) 
Quicksilva-Damper/Glooper ( 1 000)(S/W) 
Quicksilva-Astro Blaster (1000)(S/W) 

ZXir QLive Alive! 


Summer 1998 

52 Softsync- Alien Invasion (1000)(S/W) 

1 Softsync-Hangman ( 1 000)(S/W) 

1 Softsync-TS Destroyer/Space Raid (1 000)(SAV) 

3 Softsync-Stock Market Calculator (1000)(S/W) 
1 Softsync-Space Commando (1000)(S/W) 

1 Softsync-Night Gunner ( 1 000)(SAV) 

52 Softsync-Red Alert! (1000)(SAV) 

49 Softsync-2K Games (1 000/1 500)(S/W) 

1 Timeworks-Presidential Campaign (1000)(S/W) 

1 Timeworks-5 2K Games (Used)( 1000/1 500)(S/W) 

7 Timex-Budgeter (1000)(S/W) 

1 Timex-Budgeter (Used)(S/W)( 1 000/ 1 500) 

24 Timex-The Carpooler (1000)(S/W) 
12 Timex-The Challenger I (1000)(S/W) 
27 Timex-Chess (1000)(S/W) 

16 Timex-Coilege Cost Analyzer (1000)(S/W) 

1 Timex-Coupon Manager (Used)(S/W)( 1 000/ 1500) 

4 Timex-Electric Cost Analyzer ( 1 000)(S/W) 
1 Timex-Gambler (1000)(SAV) 

1 Timex-Gambler (Used)(S/W)(l 000/1500) 

25 Timex-Grimms Fairy Trails (1000)(S/W) 

1 Timex-Grimms Fairy Trails (Used)(S/W)(1000/1500) 

6 Timex-Heating System Analyzer (1000)(SAV) 

12 Timex-Home Improvement Planner (1000/1 5 00)(S/W) 

1 1 Timex-IRA Planner (1000)(S/W) 

32 Timex-Loan Mortgage Amortizer (1000)(S/W) 

1 Timex-Mixed Game Bag I (1000)(S/W) 
16 Timex-Money Analyzer I (1000)(S/W) 

2 Timex-Money Analyzer 2 (1000)(S/W) 

1 Timex-Power Pak 1 (1 000(1 500)(S/W) 
15 Timex-Spelling 1 ( 1000/1 5 00)(S/W) 
30 Timex-States & Capitals (1000)(S/W) 

36 Timex-States & Capitols (Used)(S/W)( 1000/ 1500) 

2 Timex-Statistics (Used)(S/W)(1000/1500) 
28 Timex-Super Math ( 1 000)(S/W) 

Books, manuals, schematic 

To 03?dL^J? coMLt;sicrti2 

Jack Boatwright 
67325 Fryrear Rd 
Bend OR 97701 
541-389-7353 (H) 541-388-6447 (W) 

QIdATo.85 - first look & More 

by A I Feng 

Jan Venema ( A. Jaw. Venema) 
recently made a new version of QLAY available (03 May 

QLAY is a Freeware, QL emulator, and with the help 
of others, I received a copy of the most recently posted ZIP 
files — first, version 0.84, and subsequently, QLAY 0.85. 
For all practical purposes, QLAY requires a 486-or-better 
tunning at 66 MHz or faster with 8 Meg of memory. The 
emulation creates a 640K QL. 

The most recent release of QLAY actually comes in 
two versions - the traditional DOS program and one that 
can be launched directly from within Windows 95. 
That's the good news. The better news is that Jan Venema 
has indicated that he is already working on the next 
version and it should be ready by the time you read this. 

QLAY 0.85a 

The DOS based code functions in a manner similar to 
the previous versions. 

First you load the CWSDPMI EXE file, and then the 
QL code and extensions are loaded, and then the NFA 
(Native File Access) code is loaded. The NFA code give 
QLAY the ability to access the host PC's hardware and is a 
remarkable piece of coding. 

Depending on the speed of your computer, the code is 
processed, and then the emulation begins. 

The obvious change is the inclusion of the QLAY.RC 
file. This file is an ASCII script which is essentially a 
dedicated BATch file which both version 0 85a & 0.85b 
look for when the EXEcutable file is loaded This is how 
the (stock) QLAY RC file looks: 

- r j s . rom 

-c c000@nf a. rom 

-f 1000 

The syntax appears to be just different enough that I 
was not able to successfully load the TK2_EXTensions on 
the first several tries. 

I finally e-mailed Jan Venema to get the "proper" syntax, 
-r js.rom 

~c 0c000@f :\tk2.ext 
-c c0000@f :\nfa. rom 
-d 2 

The new version comes with an image of the 
Dynamic RAM code, but, I have not been able to load it to 
date. This code (or, similar) is necessary if you want to 
use the XCHANGE program which sets up temporary files 
in RAM1_. All other tested programs ran, including the 
TURBO compiler 

Exit the emulation via CTRL ALT DEL key 
combination when loaded from within Win95 
To exit from a plain DOS load, 1 believe you have to reset 
the computer. 

QLAY 0.85b 

For reasons that are always suspect, I upgraded my 
IBM compatible PC recently and the OS with a copy of 
Win95 While subjecting myself to the OS upgrade was 
semi-traumatic (i.e., I inadvertently wiped out all my 
files!), having Win95 allows me to give the new 
QLAYW EXE (a k.a. QLAY 0 85b) a try. 

QLAYW.EXE is designed to run directly from either 
a Win95 icon or from the Win95 DOS prompt 
When you load QLAYW.EXE, you will see a modest 
window with the following options: File, Screen, 
Language, Help. 

Using the Tile' selection, you essentially verify (or, 
load?) the equivalent of the CWSDPMI.EXE code by 
selecting 'Init!'. You then select 'Go!' Very shortly after 
that, you will see the familiar speckled Screen followed by 
the QL's startup screen. 

I was not able to load an image of my Minerva ROM 
code. I was told that this is only viable with the JSL1 (i.e., 
older) code (which I have) . I have to presume that my 
Minerva code file was corrupted in the transfer. 

ZXir QLive Alive! 


Summer 1998 

Your language choice is English or German, with the 
default now being English. 

I believe that all my problems can be related to 
implementation of the QLAY.RC file. 

If your QL program uses ALT keys, then you will 
want to use the DOS version due to a key-stroke conflict 
which will exist with Win95 

Hey, I knew if coyld be done! 

Many of you may recall that one of my biggest complaints 
about SMSQ [the OS used for the QXL & QPC emulators] 
is that it the display that is generated is less than I think it 
could be 

Jan Venema modestly states that "the Windows95 
version has better display support." With the Win95 

version of QLAY, Jan Venema has demonstrated 
that the display is not only scalable, but that it 
can be done in an efficient manner. In version 
0.85b, the screen can be selected before the 
emulation OR during the emulation. The five 

display sizes which he has provided are: 

Size 1: 512 x 256 

Size 2: 512 x 341 

Size 3: 768 x 512 

Size 4 : 1.024 x 68 3 

Size 5: 1024 x 768 
The great news is that 'Size 3' actually fills the usable 
screen space (9.5"x6.75"; or, -41.75" diagonal on a 14" 
VGA monitor). 1 have to mention that the first several 
times I switched to 'Size 3' that it was just a little larger 
than the available screen space Initially, I would estimate 
that 'Size 3* was being displayed as one line higher than a 
normal screen, and one character wider 

This over-fill stopped after I added the 
CWSDPMI.EXE file to the same directory as the 
LAYW.EXE program. Coincidence? I'm not sure. I 
haven't removed the file to verify this 

'Size 4' & 'Size 5' definitely over-fill a standard VGA 
screen. 'Size 1 ' is similar to the image created by SMSQ, 
but the vertical is slightly compressed due to the "top line" 
being occupied by the control bar (7 5"x3 75") 
'Size 2' is taller than the standard QLAY (0.85a) display 
and the SMSQ display (7. 75 "x5 ") 

The font quality varies, with the font created in 'Size 
3' as best described as being a compromise (1/4" font 
height). The font in 'Size 1' & 'Size 2' are similar to 
CSIZE 0,0 (1/8" & 3/16" font height, respectively); and, 
the font in 'Size 4' & 'Size 5' appear to be similar to CSIZE 
2,1 (5/16" & .3/8" font height, respectively). 

As one might suspect, there is a price to pay for the 
scalability of the screen display with the larger displays 
using more of the host's resources. Ergo, the larger the 
display selected, the slower the emulation. 

As I mentioned, the size can be switched at any time 
during the emulation when using version 0.85b; so, the 
smaller size can be selected when greater speed is 
required, and to the full screen mode at other times. 

Task Switetiabie 

Both versions are easily task switchable from within 
Win95 by using either the ALTJESC or the ALT TAB 
key combination; or, the pointer arrow with QLAYW.EXE 

if your task bar is visible. Of course, use the CTRL ESC 

ZXir QLive Alive! 14 

key combination to load other programs, or, the pointer 
arrow with QLAYW.EXE. 

QLAY 0.85b is unstable if other programs are dormant in 
the background, but, Venema assures me that this problem 
will have been fixed with subsequent releases. 

Minerva Compatibility 

Only the older (JSL1) Minerva code works. Even so, I 
was not able to load the Minerva ROM image that I made. 
I will try this again at a later date 


QLAYT EXE is currently an essential DOS utility for 
effectively using QLAY The QLAYT.EXE is found on 
earlier ZIP files, so you should ensure that if you are 
downloading from Venema's web site 

There is a QLAYT program which I believe is for use 
with LINUX, and this should not be confused with the 
QLAYT.EXE program. QLAYT allows you, first and 
foremost, to add programs to the active directory file 

With the anticipated addition of QDOS floppy 
access, you should be able to add files to your hard drive 
directly from floppy. The most important thing to know is 
that if you want to INSERT a file into the QLA Y dir, the 
DOS syntax is as follows: 

C:\ QLAYT -i QLATter -d 31790 
QLAYT switches are case sensitive Note the file being 
inserted into the existing QLAY DIR file is "QLATter" 
which has a size of '31790 bytes' The file size on some 
files does NOT need to be declared. 


Some of the documentation presumes you know more than 
I do. The QLAY RC file requires the syntax be written a 
bit differently than in the past. 

TK2_EXTensions must be provided by the user. 
QLAYW EXE is designed to run without the 
CWSDPMI.EXE file, but it appears to be more stable 
when it is accessible by the QLAY.RC file 
Sub-DIRectories are not currently supported. 

While 1 don't know how to use the virtual "mdv" 
drives for storage (this is probably something that I should 
learn how to do in the near future because I believe these 
can be used as effective substitutes for sub-DIRectories), 
and QLAY's I/O is still limited While floppy access 
should be implemented by the time you read this, QLAY 
still does not have SERial access; but, presumably this will 
be a future function 

Why QLAY? 

1 have been told that there is another Freeware, QDOS 
emulator (WinQL — written by the author of the emulator 
that runs on the 68000-based MACs), but, I haven't seen a 
copy, yet; so, I do not know what limitations exist with it 
(if any). The question that I am sure that some people will 
ask is "Why would I want to use QLAY?" (or, any other 

There are actually reasons that QLAY, as tested, is 
more than adequate for most people who need to use a 
QDOS emulation. The fact that files are created saved to 
your hard drive in DOS format may be a benefit for some 
people because it eliminates the file conversion step. 
For example, I recently prepared a manuscript which 
began in Quill, but which I later imported into Works for 

Summer 1998 

formatting and printing; and, I was glad for the better fonts 
available through Windows (having said that, I have to 
admit that I have not used or seen any of the output 
generated by the programs from PROGS, so, I don't know 
what I am missing with regard to QL-to-printer output) 

If you have a proprietary pr ogram that was written to 
run on QDOS, you no longer need to be concerned with 
porting it over to run on a PC since you can simply run it 
using the QLAY emulation Or, for example, if you do not 
have the PC version of the PSION Suite, but prefer to use 
DBEasy (as I do) for your database needs, then QLAY will 
allow you to continue to do so . 

If a program will run on a standard QL, then more-than- 
likely, it will run with the QLAY emulation, but, the 
exception might be older games which require a key 
Unlike the QPC emulator, all versions of the TURBO 
compiler work. Unlike the QPC emulator, QLAY is 
(currently) Freeware. 

All in all, I think that QLAY is excellent QDOS 
emulator for a person with a suitable host PC who has a 
need to access existing QDOS programs and files 





Robert Hartung 

I have gotten several inquiries about the previous 
QPC articles, especially concerning the SMSQ/E 
environment in which it runs. Since I have used SMSQ/E 
only with QPC, and not with systems such as Atari, QXL, 
or Gold Card, I don't know what differences one would 
find with these versions, if any. 

Recently I updated my QPC to vl 42, which is the 
current version as of April 8 This also 
included an update of SMSQ/E to j 
v2 .88, since they are both on the one ,'' 1 , ^ 
master disk. These updates are free to jj""' 
registered users, requiring only the \ $ 
return of the original master disk with '^Ijl^lS |R| 
three IRC's (international reply coupons). 
If a revised manual is also desired, add another five IRC's, 
or DM 10 if you purchased QPC from Jochen Merz 

The most obvious improvements in the 
QPC/SMSQ/E combo are in speed As compared to my 
original versions, the floppy disk and hard drive access is 
up to nine times faster. The screen driver (depending on 
your graphics card and the SW in use) now supports 
VESA, QL (512 X 256 mode), EGA, VGA, SVGA, up to 
1600 X 1200 pixels, at up to twice the former display 

Note that, as in PC mode, higher display resolutions 
produce finer definition but smaller actual window size, 
except when used with current versions of programs such 
as ProWesS and Text 87 which allow configuration of 
display fonts., The WINDOW #0, #1, #2,x,x,x,x command 
may be used to change BASIC window sizes, but 
programs such as the old PSION suite and XCHANGE 
were written with the QL screen size of 512 X 256 
encoded into them and so will default to this. 

There is a dramatic improvement in the time required 
to format a WIN partition (actually a very long DOS file) 
on a hard drive or removable cartridge drive What once 
took an hour or more now is done in only a few seconds! 
In fact it takes longer to type in the two commands to 
unprotect and then format the WIN file than it does to 
actually create the partition. Direct access to and from 
other DOS files is now enabled in QPC. 

In my previous QPC articles 1 omitted a command 
line in the DOS AUTOEXEC.BAT file which will speed 
up booting and termination of the emulator by a few 
seconds. Following the PATH definition line, insert this 

d:\DOS the drive Adirectory where COMMAND COM is to 
be found on the hard drive rather than on the boot floppy, 
to which it would otherwise default 

I have also gained some experience in running the 
TEXT 87 Plus4 and Perfection word-processors in QPC. 
Although I do not have the latest versions of either, both 
seem well-behaved I tried a 1985 version of Eddy Yeung's 
EDITOR. While I have not used its code- 
compiling features, the multi-tasking and 
line-editing seem to function OK 
1 1 " Freddy Vacha of Digital Precision 

l If ' recently announced in QL Today that an 

"^fjfllllfflllf!? 1 ' upgraded version of Perfection is 
available this spring. It is able to take 
better advantage of the enhanced screen resolutions 
enabled by the improvements in the QPC/SMSQ/E combo 
He also said that the Turbo compiler and Toolkit are being 
upgraded for better compatibility with Minerva SMSQ and 
SMSQ/E. According to the QPC manual, depending on the 
speed of the CPU on the host PC, there is little or no speed 
advantage in using Turbo or QLiberator-compiled 
programs with QPC although the listings may be adapted 
to do so by removing any code SBASIC doesn't like. 

In other QL Today news, a QBranch ad in the 
March/ April issue announces that a 500-page 
SBASIC/SUPERBASIC Reference Manual is now 
available. It is a guide to BASIC programming that brings 
together all the command structures now provided in 
QDOS/SBASIC/SMSQ It includes three disks of PD 
toolkits, example procedures, and an electronic index. 
Inquire of QBranch for pricing details. They have then- 
own web site at 

Last but not least, at the QL meeting in Eindoven, 
Germany, last November, a working prototype of the Q40 
was demonstrated This is a mainboard which simulates or 
replaces all QL hardware in a configuration that fits an 
industry standard case and power supply. Presently it is 
using a Motorola 68040 microprocessor, but will have the 
68060 with 0.42 micron gate technology when it is in 
production. It will run under the SMSQ/E environment, 
with high color/resolution graphics, and will accept a 
standard keyboard. Extension slots are provided for an 
IDE/IO card to use with 2 HD floppies, 2 IDE hard drives, 
2 serial ports, a parallel port, a joystick, CD ROM, and up 
to 32 Mb DRAM SIMM memory. 

ZXir QLive Alive! 


Summer 1998 


Gil Parrish 


IJrldftr Pctxwrtol Supervision. Evejy Day in the W«eV, 
Our ti?«AM» Job fnchj<i«» Opboistwy Vacuum* CJwn^— 
At No Eatre. Ch*rjf* 

As I write this, Kevin Costner's movie "The Postman" 
has just taken the Razzie Awards (from the Golden 
Raspberry Foundation) in every major category: worst 
movie of 1997, worst director; worst screenplay, worst 
song, worst actor. With that as the type of inspiration that 
gets creative juices flowing, consider this as a topic for 
discussion in the pages of the newsletter: the all-time worst 
T/S software This is certainly the point in time appropriate 
for identifying such software, being far enough past most 
new software releases that it is unlikely a later winning 
candidate will come along, yet close enough that most of 
the past releases are remembered (by someone) and can be 
brought to light Only commercial software is eligible, 
anyone can write a rotten program (just as anyone can make 
a rotten home movie), but it takes both poor skills and a big 
ego to produce a piece of trash and want other people to pay 
money for it . 

I was going through old T/S 1000 software this 
weekend, and came upon one cassette (date unknown) from 
"Software Development Associates" of Phoenix, Arizona 
(which I assume was just some guy cranking out tapes from 
his garage) 1 have no other example of program ming from 
these folks, but this one, 
called "SDA Games One" 
(grandly part numbered 
"G101"), includes five 
programs and hence 
presents something of a 
sampling from the 
company. Most are 2K, 
and I know one cannot 
expect too much from early 
2K software (and these 
programs do not exceed 
expectations on that score). 
However, my candidate for 
truly bad status is the last program, called "Battlecard", 
which requires 16K and hence does not have the "only 2K" 

The first thing you notice in Battlecard (other than the 
fact that it did not autorun when you loaded it) is that the 
author did not bother to make sure words stayed together at 
the end of each screen line. (In this, it is consistent with the 
other programs on the tape.) For instance, the fragment 
" SUIT-NUMBE" ends up on one line, and the remaining 
"R" on the next. Since this program was written in simple 
BASIC, it is easy enough to go in to fix that, and having 
done so I know that it doesn't cause an out-of-rnemory error 
or other unfortunate side effects, so — why didn't the author 
take the 2 minutes needed to fix it before the program was 
released? Surely he at least looked at the finished work 
before it went out the door? Surely he was not simply 
typing this program in from a book of BASIC programs 




liriviog FIRESTONE 
TircriS Good lire* are 
your bot ati for safely 

on th* hiBhwpy. . . 

written for another unit? Surely he knew enough about 
BASIC programming himself to know how to fix the 
problem? Did he just not care, or did he not think anyone 
else would notice? 

The program asks, "Do You Want Directions?" As 
with every other program in the universe, I pressed "Y" and 
entered it. The program responds with, "Yes Or No 
Please." The programmer couldn't figure out how to make 
do with a one letter input? If he needed a full "Yes" or 
"No", why didn't he specify that in the question ("Do You 
Want Directions (Yes/No)")? Not an auspicious start. 

But the core problem with this game is the whole 
concept To quote from the written instructions 

"After pressing RUN the screen goes blank and stays 
that way for approximately 2 minutes Then the game 
begins. The game consists of a deck of 52 cards, in which 
the computer randomly selects two cards, one for you and 
one for itself. The higher of the two cards wins. There are 
26 such "battles" per game, The computer keeps track of 
who won each battle, not counting ties. There is no 
response necessary from you At the end of the game, a 
display on the screen gives the final score and tells who 
won the game." 

The game is as good as its word. After a very long 
screen blank, it pops up with a message like: 
"Yours: D-9 Mine S-Q 1 Win You Have 0 I Have 1" 

No graphics of any sort, just the above text, using S, 
C, D, and H as abbreviations for Spade, Club, Diamond and 
Heart respectively After a PAUSE 500 (about 9 seconds), 
it blanks again momentarily and comes back with 
something like: 

"Yours: S-A Mine: C-4 You Win You Have 1 I Have 1" 

And so on. Sure enough, absolutely no input is 
needed from the user! The computer simply goes through 
all 26 "battles" and announces the winner, then says 
Thanks For Playing", and ends the program. Thanks for 
playing what?? The user doesn't do a thing As dull as this 
game would be if a kid did it manually, by himself, with a 
deck of cards, isn't it twice as boring to just sit there 
watching the computer play itself? Do you suppose any 
user ever ran this program more than once, unless it was to 
make absolutely sure it was as bad as he thought it was the 
first time? 

To be up-front with the awards committee, I must 
concede that the program has no "bugs", it produces the 
correct 52 cards, with no 13 of Spades nor duplicate Aces 
of Clubs But then again, functioning correctly i s probably 
easy to do when you don't have to worry about pesky users 
inputting anything. So, I hereby nominate "SDA- 
Battlecard" as "Worst T/S 1000 Program, 16K Division". 1 
hope my fellow users will identify and submit other worthy 
candidates, for all species of T/S computer, so we can 
eventually award our own "Razzies". 

Surfing The Net With The TS-2C68 

In this article, we discuss several services, provided 
to us in subscription form, by a computer system, that 
speaks UNIX. We have something to say about telnet, 
email, mailing lists, the web, Usenet, gopher, and ftp 

by David Lassov 

■ rmM T T: " " 11 T~ i ' T " ' ' ; 

After using telnet to establish computer contact, the rest of 
those programs communicate off-line On-Line 
communications (in real time) use talk, ire, or muds First, 
we use the telephone, to connect with our Internet 

ZXir QLive Alive! 


Summer 1998 

provider, in order to show the UNIX prompt, $, on the 
screen, TELNET. TELNET is a facility, so fundamental 
and so old in the history of accessing computers, as to 
answer the phone whenever we make our initial call to the 
Internet service. Then, of course, TELNET serves to 
connect us to whatever other computers on the Internet, 
that we desire to talk to Boy, this must really kill the guys 
at the telephone company, as they try to get a piece of each 
such action! 

Mere is how it goes for me. I call 520-918-4700, 
which responds with AZSTARNET and a request 
for a user name. After that, it asks for my password 
After connect appears, the banner/main menu is displayed. 
Should I type TELNET user-name@computer-name, then 
a brief pause ensues, based upon Internet traffic, followed 
by a response with a request for a user name. After that, it 

asks for my password , as above. From the foregoing, 

you should see, that using TELNET is like calling a BBS, 
e.g., SOL BBS at 520 882 0388 with GUEST as a user 
name and GUEST as a password. By a careful reading of 
the above, you should ALSO see, that each TELNET site 
differs in logon procedure, as much as it differs in general 
content This includes the initial call to our Internet 
service! Anyway, by going through the above steps, you 
have gained ACCESS to the Internet and/or ACCESS to 
whatever other site on the Internet, you might have 

We use program MAIL, in order to SEND mail over the 
Internet, using the 2068 computer and a shell account, in 
order to access the web. I don't know all the details, but 
MaxCom software does not seem to entirely emulate the 
VT100 terminal, because we cannot go UP on the screen 
and, hence, we are limited to line editors Shell accounts 
usually use PINE and PICO to send mail, but, alas, they 
are full-screen editors. But, they replaced MAIL, which 
has been left as a rather efficient line editor, and MAIL 
sure does a good job with our 2068 ! Suppose we are 
looking at the UNIX prompt, $, on the screen. Then, we 
type mail user-name@computer-name , in order to set up 
the computer, for SENDing the message which follows, to 
the user with user-name user-name at the computer, 
bearing the name computer-name 

TNX ext, my cursor jumps to the start of the next line, 
-1. N which is BLANK, of course (no full- screen 
editor!) I enter the message, line by line (back-space 
editing only ) I terminate the message, by typing only on 
a line and pressing ENTER The message can also be 
terminated, by typing A D or A d on a blank line, where A 
denotes first pressing the CONTROL key, CAPS- 
SHIFT/EDIT on the 2068 with MaxCom. When the UNIX 
prompt, $, subsequently appears, the message will have 
been SENT to the addressee, user-name@computer-name. 
Now, in order to check for your own email, simply type 
mail and press ENTER. A response of NO MAIL means 
an empty mailbox. Otherwise, FROM: ... will appear, 
followed by any first email message in your mailbox. 
After listing an email message to you, the prompt, ?, will 
appear. This initiates a REPLY, should you type r and 
press ENTER. This also DELETES that particular letter 
from your mailbox. In order to DELETE the letter only 
(without a REPLY,) then simply type d after the prompt,? 

These are something we can join, in order to keep our 
electronic mailboxes filled with interesting stuff. For 
example, OPEN your download buffer, in order to get an 
ASCII copy of the following session, where you get the 
UNIX prompt $ onto the screen, and then ENTER the 
line: lynx Don't 
forget to close the download buffer, when finished! It now 
contains information on how to join (or leave) mailing 
lists, each devoted to a specific special interest group. 
Whenever a member submits email to the mailing list, then 
it is immediately sent to all other member s of the group 
So, all you need to know is how to send and receive email 
Also, the address of an interesting mailing list to talk with 
would be helpful. :-) 

ftp is the name of the UNIX program, for implementing 
FTP. First, get the UNIX prompt, $, onto the screen 
ENTER ftp alone, followed on the next line by open edu. This last will be in response to the ftp 
prompt, ftp>, resulting from the initial entry of ftp. 
Alternatively, we can connect to the remote host, edu, by entering the line: ftp The ftp 
facility can be terminated, by typing quit, in response to 
any ftp prompt, ftp>. Use the get command, to download 
any file to your current directory Of course, you should 
already have set up a directory on the UNIX system, where 
you can store your download files Do this, before you 
use ftp to access the remote directory , Furthermore, there 
are simple commands like cd, to Change to the desired 
remote Directory Now, we can up- and down-load all 
kinds of files, as the Internet machine with UNIX is 
somewhat more sophisticated than our 2068 system with 
MaxCom. Just be aware, that downloads to our 2068 
system are limited to ASCII transfers. 

USENET (newsgroups) 
The UNIX program for accessing USENET is called tin 
Now, if you just ENTER the name tin then would follow 
an endless sequence of questions, on subscribing to NEW 
newsgroups, each question demanding a YES or NO 
answer, followed by an identical question !! So, here is 
what we do: 

At the UNIX prompt, $, ENTER the line tin -q. This 
will bring up a menu of all newsgroups, which you 
have used. You can enter any newsgroup on the list, by 
ENTERing its line number from the list, followed by 
another ENTER. We escape back to the last menu, by 
entering q. We can keep entering q's like this, till we 
reach the UNIX prompt. At the UNIX prompt, we can also 
choose to read a specific newsgroup, say alt. Id on one- 
dimensional figures, by ENTERing the line tin -q alt. Id 
and, yes, the space(s) following tin is are critical! 
The important thing is the ability to arrive at the UNIX 
prompt, $, on the screen While this is more complicated, 
than lifting a telephone receiver for the dial tone, this is 
still a simple task, costs about S20 monthly, and requires 
the advice of your Internet service provider. So, when 
signing up for Internet access, be sure to keep track of the 
telephone number of the sysop (system administrator!).. 

Let's explore gopherspace! Sounds like the underground 
doesn't it ! To do this, we call on a UNIX program, called 

ZXir QLive Alive! 


Summer 1998 

gopher While looking at the UNIX prompt, $, we can 
type gopher and then press ENTER. This will access any 
local gopher site, as set up by the sysop In order to access 
a specific gopher site say, wiretap spies, com, then enter the 
line gopher . Up comes the MENU, 
most of whose items refer to other MENUs So, choose an 
item, by entering its line number, or by pressing the 
BREAK key, or space bar, till the item be displayed at 
screen bottom Then, enter the item, by pressing ENTER. 
After thus searching the MENUs for your particularly 
interesting item, enter the item, by pressing ENTER. Next, 
program gopher will fetch your topic and display the text 
on your screen, one screenful at a time. So, you can spend 
all day (or night!) exploring the underworld of 
gopherspace, using only six basic commands: k (or P) 
and j (or A N) to move UP and DOWN within a MENU, 
respectively; ENTER and u to move from one MENU to 
the next and previous, respectively, and, SPACE (or > or 
+) and b (or < or -) to page foiward and backward through 
long MENUs, respectively. Should we get lost amongst all 
these MENUs of MENUs, we can always type m, to 
escape back to the initial MENU! At the UNIX prompt, $, 
we can escape back to the Internet main MENU, by typing 
stop or A D or A d. We terminate the session, by escaping 
the Internet with A C at the main MENU! 

The web 

The web is man's latest attempt at a universal 
communication system After using the phone to connect 
to an Internet provider (like using TELNET,) MAILING 
LISTS offered the first such attempt Then, USENET 
followed with a little better access to the web, in order to 
support newsgroups of common interests (like using 
message bases and BBSs.) The World Wide Web (www) 
was developed at CERN in Switzerland, to access massive 
amounts of Physics information. Thanks to Marc 
Andreesen and his program, MOSAIC, the WWW 
degenerated into THE WEB; a complete information 
system with LINKS, to permit easy jumping from ideas to 

words to pictures to sounds to 

TVT ow, Goedel's Theorem, that completeness be 
A. N tantamount to inconsistency, is surely applicable, 
here, as there is little consistency on The Web! ! LYNX is 
the program, used to access the web from a shell account. 
It runs on the Internet computer and furnishes all the above 
words and ideas of the web. Be that what it may, we 
presume, that we are looking at the UNIX prompt, $, on 
our screen, CRT, or monitor If you simply type lynx and 
press ENTER, then you should get the banner for your 
local Internet system, that you are now using At banner 
bottom, enter g and computer-name of the target system 
Alternatively, in order to get access to somebody else's 
site, you can type their computer-name, after typing lynx : 
lynx computer-name Of course, it is important to separate 
lynx from user-name@computer-name (by spaces) 

We wish to take this opportunity to announce the 
opening of a new Message Base on SOL BBS, entitled 
Advanced 2068 Topics, and dedicated to discussions on 
developing the ASAPfax faxing facility for the 2068, 
branch switching on the 2068, and Internet applications of 
the 2068, in general ! The above procedure should 
result in any site's banner and/or main menu, worldwide ! 


The talk facility is implemented by the UNIX program, 
talk. Usage is the same as SOL BBS in TALK mode or in 
TERM mode. Some people refer to this interchange of 
ASCII information as CHAT mode. The other person 
needs a talk facility, which is compatible with the UNIX 
talk program. It also helps, that they be at the computer, 
addressed on the Internet. .-) Programs for talk, which are 
compatible with UNIX talk, are available on the Internet 
for download at no cost, using anonymous FTP. ENTER 
the following line: talk user-name@computer-name in 
order to connect (for FREE) to the person, using user- 
name user-name at the computer computer-name. If the 
person be there and not busy, then he or she will be paged 
and asked to respond with a like talk command, using your 
user-name and computer-name. Connection follows, and 
you can both begin talking. If the person be there and 
busy, then [Ringing your party again] will appear on our 
screen every ten seconds, till either connection be 
established or we press A C Before we try to talk to 
someone, using the talk facility, always finger them with 
the line finger user-name@computer-name The 
information from finger should tell us, whether the person 
be logged in and willing to talk The conversation can be 
terminated, when someone hits A C Then, the UNIX 
prompt, $, reappears These are like FREE phone calls, all 
over the world at only $20 monthly ! Use it or lose it, but 
do not abuse it ! 


This is the ultimate TALK facility, talk, talk, talk, , talk 

Once on board, everything you type is printed to everyone 
else's screen, and you see everything typed by everyone 
else! Private messages, can be sent and/or received to/from 
any online user For a list of the (thousands of) users, 
online, type /LIST. Anyway, in order to access this 
facility, get the UNIX prompt, $, on the screen, and 
ENTER ire My local access is to EFNET, which has 
users from over nineteen countries (foreign languages?) 
For example, there is a guy from downtown Belgrade, 
Yugoslavia, broadcasting on student activities there He 
uses an ire channel! Also, some guy is listed as silversto, 
which is my birth name. Wonder what's on his mind ...... ! 

Most exchanges are in English, but I saw some Spanish 
lingo in the LIST! 


Multi-User Dungeons is a GAME program No, it's much 
more, since it provides a game environment among several 
players. That's how muds are all the same. Mud's are all 
different, by providing different environments, relating the 
players ... differently! You are going to have to ask your 
friends, about which muds to choose! 

OK, Abed ! I have just sent you an article on TS2068 
applications to the Internet, submitted sometime last year, 
it has been corrected and updated. Anyway, the 2068 was 
used all the way. I found the article on the APPLE, ported 
it over to the 2068, edited it with MSCRIPT and sent it to 
the Internet via the 2068 ! So, the 2068 has some life left 
for the second millennium. The problems were worked 
around, by SAVEing the text file to a clean part of the 
disk, multiple tries. Basically, there seems to be a 
synchronization problem at 1 200 baud 

ZXir QLive Alive! 


Summer 1998 

l-iciu In hEufi cm Tfoa §N-Spaairunn 

Les Cottrell 


So far, you've worked out the all important basics of 
hacking However, there is another, equally important facet 
of hacking games that you should know about . 

Few games these days are unprotected, They feature 
"protection systems" which prevent you from breaking into 
a program and fiddling about with it The difficulty level 
varies, but in general they use two concepts - headerless 
loading and decryption. 

Before we do anything, I should point out that you're 
going to need a disassembler from now on The machine 
code listings in this book use Devpac's notation, but 007 
Disassembler's notation is almost identical, except it uses 
decimal instead of hex Hopefully, you shouldn't get lost if 
you use 

Anyway, for now, we'll forget about decryption and 
concentrate of Headerless loaders, since they're common to 
all protection systems 

A Headerless loader will look something like this: 



3E FF LD A, #FF 

37 SCF 

CD 56 05 CALL #0556 

where XX can be any number from #00 to #FF. IX 

is another register similar to HL, but has slightly different 
properties, which you don't need to worry about right now 
The value put into IX is always the start address of the 
block to be loaded, and the value put into DE is always the 
length of the block to be loaded. So the routine works 
exactly like loading and saving bytes in BASIC 

The only differences you should ever find are that the 
CALL is to a different address (#0556 is the ROM loading 
routine, so other CALLS are to turboloaders in RAM), the 
LD A,#FF has some other value loaded into A instead, or is 
missing, or the SCF is missing, Basically, if you see DD 21 
XX XX 11 XX XX in a protection system, you can be 
pretty sure it will be used to load something. 

Now we know how a headerless loader works, let's try 
and hack a real one. As an example, I've chosen Ethnipod, 
which was on the May 1991 YS Covertape. 

First of all, load up STK at any address (I'd suggest 
32768, but you don't have to) and press Z to BLOAD in the 
BASIC. Then use STK to list the basic, and you'll get the 

24 999: LOAD ww CODE 

65000: RANDOMIZE USR 65000 
Therefore, we should type in CLEAR 24999 :LO AD 
CODE 65000 and restart the tape When the OK 
message appears, stop the tape, load up your disassembler, 
and have a look at address 65000 (#FDE8) Here's a 
complete disassembly of the code you'll find there. 
FDE8 21 00 40 LD HL,#4000 

FDEB 11 01 40 LD DE,#4001 


FDF1 36 00 LD (HL) , #00 

LDIR is a command we haven't met before, but it's 

easy to understand. It's a copying routine The start address 
of the block you want to copy is put in HL, the length of the 
block you want to copy is put in BC, and the start address 
of the area of memory you want to copy it to is put in DE, 
So, in the example above, the area of memory from #4000 
is copied to #4001 for #1 AFF bytes In short, this routine is 
overlaying each address in this area of memory with the 
byte of the previous address . 

The LD (HL),00 means that byte #00 is put into 
address #4000 Therefore, the whole of the memory from 
#4000 to #5 AFF is filled with 0 In case you didn't know, 
the whole of this memory is the screen memory, so this bit 
of code is what makes the screen black when loading the 
game normally, If you want, you can change the byte at 
#FDED to #00 to give LD DE,#00()1, so the contents of the 
screen memory are copied into the ROM (except that they 
aren't because the ROM is a read-only memory and you 
can't write anything into it ) This will stop the screen going 
black. You don't actually need to do it at all, but there we 
go. Continuing the disassembly: 

FDF5 11 00 IB LD DE,#1B00 

FDF8 DD 21 00 8 0 LD IX, #8000 



FDFF CD 56 05 CALL #0556 

This portion of code loads in a block of code, with the start 
#8000 and the length #1B00, 

FE02 3E 00 LD A, #00 

FE04 D3 FE OUT (#FE) ,A 

This part of the code includes an OUT instruction, but OUT 
in machine code is exactly identical to that in BASIC So, 
this routine is basically the equivalent of OUT 254,0 in 
BASIC. If you don't know what that does, it sets the border 
to black. 

FE06 11 00 40 LD DE,#4000 

FE09 21 00 80 LD HL,#8000 

FEOC 01 00 IB LD BC, #1B00 

This is another LDIR, and it moves the code from #8000 to 
#4000 for #1B00 bytes In other words, it copies the screen 
picture into the screen memory so you can see it. 
FE11 1.1 60 9D ' LD DE,#9D60 
FE14 DD 21 B4 5F LD IX, #5FB4 
FE18 37 SCF 
FE19 3E FF LD A, #FF 

FE1B CD 56 05 CALL #0556 

This part of code loads another block, with start 5FB4 and 
length 9D60. 

FE1E C3 C7 6.1 JP 61C7 

This part of the routine jumps to the game itself once 
it is loaded. 

To hack the game, replace the C3 at FETE with C9. 
This will put a RET at the end of ail the code, so the loader 
will return to BASIC when all loading has finished 

When the OK message comes up, you can hack the 
game as you've done with unprotected games If you load 
STK into address #6000 (24576 decimal), and hack the 
game using a forwards trace, you'll eventually find that 
changing #EF09 to 0 gives you infinite lives for player one. 
Then to start the game, type RANDOMIZE USR 25031 

ZXir QLive Alive! 


Summer 1998 

(61C7 in decimal), and bingo! 

To write a hack, we need to rewrite the BASIC loader, 
but make the modifications so we can put POKEs in: 

10 CLEAR 24999 

20 LOAD CODE 65000 
This comes directly from the BASIC loader and loads the 
small headerless loader code. 

30 POKE 65054,2 01 

This means that control will return to BASIC when all 
the headerless code has been loaded 

40 RANDOMIZE USR 6500 0 

This starts off the headerless loader 
50 POKE 61193,0 

This is the infinite lives POKE 

60 RANDOMIZE USR 2 5031 

This starts the game itself. Easy when you know how! 

Now we know how a simple headerless loader works, 
let's crack a turboloader. There are loads of YS covertape 
games which have a suitable loader, but I'm going to 
choose Pixy the Microdot 2, although you'll find that any 
YS game which uses blue, black and magenta stripes when 
loading is almost identical 

First of all, load up STK at address 58550 (you'll find 
out why later on), to find out what the BASIC loader has to 
say, using the same method as with Ethnipod. It starts 
running at line 0 

1 BORDER 0: PAPER 0: CLEAR 64 999: LOAD 
"" CODE 


20 CLEAR 64 999: LOAD M mc" CODE : LOAD 

1:SAVE "x" 

CODE 6514 6, 2 00: LOAD "screen" 

USR 65000 

The BASIC starts at line 1 . The commands should be 
obvious to you Type CLEAR 64999LOAD CODE, 
start the tape, and load in the first block of code. Stop the 
tape when the OK message comes up. 
Now load your disassembler and examine the code at 
65 146, which is FE7A hex, 

DI is short for "disable interrupts". What are interrupts, I 
hear you ask? Well, imagine you're watching TV when 
suddenly, someone says "We interrupt this program to give 
you an important news flash!" Then, after the news flash, 
the program you were watching resumes. Well, computer 
interrupts work in exactly the same way. In fact, every 
fiftieth of a second, a program is "interrupted" by the 
computer, which then cheeks to see if you're pressing any 
keys, and resumes the original program. The command DI 
simply stops this happening, and your program continues 
without any interruption! This makes the program run 
faster However, you CANNOT get back to BASIC by a 
RET command, because the computer won't be checking 
the keyboard, and so it has effectively locked up. To get 
round this, you must execute the command EI (enable 
interrupts) first, so control can be resumed. Don't worry 
about doing this now, though. 

FE7B 31 60 61 " LD SP, 6160 

This is a new instruction. SP (short for "stack 

pointer") is a 16-bit register, like BC, DE and HL 
However, it's far more important as far as BASIC is 
concerned. In machine code, there are two ways of storing 
numbers The first, using memory locations, we've already 
come across However, there is another method by storing 
numbers on what is called a stack . Think of a stack as a big 
spike on which you can push pieces of paper with 
information on Then, later on, you can take them off the 
stack and use them If you think about it, if you put the 
numbers 1, 2 and 3 on the stack, in that order, you'll have to 
take 3 off first, then 2, then 1 (think about it). And it's the 
same in machine code. There are instructions which enable 
values of register s to be put on the stack, and which enable 
the value on the top of the stack to be taken off and put in a 

The stack, like everything else, has to go somewhere in 
memory. The SP (stack pointer) register gives the address 
of the top of the stack. So LD SP,6160 will mean that the 
stack is to start at address 6160 

This is bad news if you want to return to BASIC, 
because the Spectrum's ROM program puts lots of 
information on the stack, so if you change the stack pointer, 
it's going to receive garbage when it takes all the values off 
what it thinks is the stack . And that, of course, will mean a 
crash. So the general rule is leave the stack pointer alone! 

You can change the value of the stack pointer using 
CLEAR from BASIC If a machine code instruction has LD 
SP,XXXX, you can type CLEAR (XXXX)-l. So here, we 
should CLEAR (#6160)-! = #615F Bear in mind that the 
value will have to be in decimal, which is 24927. So exit 
from STK, CLEAR 24927, and go back into it again This 
will mean that later on we can do the EI / RET as described 
above Then you have to remove the LD SP instruction, 
which is most easily done by changing FE7B to 21, so it 
reads LD HL,6160 This is har mless in this case. 

Carrying on through the code 

FE7E DD 21 00 40 LD IX, 4000 
FE82 11 00 IB LD DE, 1B00 

FES 5 CD 97 FE CALL FE.97 

As you can probably see, this loads a headerless 
block, the loading screen, in fact. However, you'll notice, as 
I said earlier, that some of the other commands (LD A,#FF 
and SCF) are missing, and the C ALL goes to a different 
address. This is because it's a turboloader 

FE88 DD 2.1 60 61 LD IX, 6160 
FE8C 11 4B 83 LD DE,834B 


This loads another block, start 6160 and length 834B 
This means, that all the memory from 6160 to E4AB will be 
overwritten Fortunately, you loaded STK into address 
58550, which is E4B6 hex, so it won't be overwritten 

Clever, eh? Meanwhile 

FE92 30 F4 JR NC, FE88 

Something I haven't told you yet is that after a 
headerless load, a JR NC will result in that JR if ther e is a 
tape loading error. So, if there was a tape loading error in 
loading this game, the JR NC,FE88 would be executed (so 
that computer would try and reload the block) 

FE94 C3 60 61 JP 6160 

This starts the main program running. 

To crack the loader, therefore, POKE FE94 with FB 
(for El) and FE95 with C9 (for RET), along with the 

ZXir QLive Alive! 


Summer 1998 

modifications I've already told vou about Then 
RANDOMIZE USR 65146, and restart the tape (it is 
possible that you didn't stop the tape quickly enough the 
previous time, so you'll miss the turboload header, in which 
case wind back just before it). When the game has finished 
loading, an OK message will appear 

And that's it! Well, actually it's not, because the game 
is actually compressed, and needs to be unpacked first. 
Don't worry, because it's easy to hack. Go into STK again, 
and look at address 6160 You're looking for a JP 
instruction to the game, which is what is executed when the 
game is unpacked. You'll find it at 61 A3. So POKE 
61A3,FB and 61A4,C9 (for an EI / RET), and 
RANDOMIZE USR 24928 Wait a few seconds until 
BASIC returns And there we are - you've cracked the 

You might be wondering how you can tell that the 
game is compressed Well, there are two things Firstly, the 
JP from the loader (6160) is to a very low address in the 
usable RAM (which only starts at 5B00). But more 
noticeable, you won't be able to do a forwards trace or a 
backwards trace until you run the decompressor. In fact, in 
general, if you think you should be able to forwards trace or 
backwards trace a game for infinite lives, and haven't 
overloaded any important code with a disassembler, but 
nothing happens, its worth looking at the start of the code 
executed and seeing if there's a JP a bit later on to a 
completely different address 

So now, perhaps, we should write a complete hack for 
the game. 

10 CLEAR 24927: LOAD ww CODE 
This is from the BASIC loader and loads in the first 
block of code. We've changed the CLEAR though, so the 

stack is in the right place. 

2.0 POKE 65147, 33 
This changes the LD SP.6160 into LD HL.6160 so the SP 
isn't tampered with 

30 POKE 65172, 251: POKE 65173,201 
This changes the JP 6160 to an EI / RET so control will 
return to our hack once the game has loaded. 

40 RANDOMIZE USR 6514 6 
This starts the game loading 

50 POKE 24995, 251: POKE 24996, 2.01 
This changes the JP 86CE to an EI / RET so control will 
return to our hack once the game has decompressed 

60 RANDOMIZE USR 24 928 
This starts the game decompressor 

70 POKE 28402,0 
This is the infinite lives POKE, which you'll find out when 
you do a forwards trace on the uncompressed game 

80 RANDOMIZE USR 34 5.1.0 
This is the start of the game 

Now that you've done that, why not crack another 
game which uses the same loader? They're nearly ail the 
same, except some of the JP addresses will be different. 
And then when you've done that, why not have a look at 
some other headerless loaders - most games by 
Codemasters use them. 

You will find, however, that you will sometimes have to 
overwrite some of the memory with your disassembler. 
There's no easy way to tell where it should be, I'm afraid, 
so you'll have to take pot luck If your forwards trace and 
backwards trace are both unsuccessful, try loading the 
disassembler elsewhere in memory, or look to see if the 
game is compressed 


by David Lassov 

The Principle Breakthrough in the development of 
MaxCom was finding the proper code for automating the 
modem initialization. Thus, we go from a disk load to a 
ready BBS, by just pressing "1" at the Main Menu ! As 
received from Larry, you have to enter TERM Mode and 
then enter both atxl and ats0=l, waiting for an OK from 
the modem, that the strings were received properly. 

Well, for this impatient button-pusher, there had to be 
a better way So, we finally looked at the way Larry 
entered the telephone number, in order that the modem 
AutoDial the number. It was via an ATDT command : 
PRINT #7, "ATDT1 5208823972 ".. The final two spaces 
are required, in order to guarantee that the last couple of 
numbers be received intact by the modem We have to put 
some sort of time delay in between the two strings, 
because the 2068 is a little too fast for the ATARI modem, 
can you beat that ? PRINT #7, "atxl ": PAUSE CODE " 
": PRINT #7; "ats0=1". The above insights serve as a nice 
complement to the other developments in MaxCom, such 
as assigning TERM mode and all local, bookkeeping work 
to TERMax, leaving ONLY five entry points in MaxCom ! 
BTW we have succeeded in freeing up a grand total of 
1578 bytes of RAM ! 

Here is the Main Menu for the extended version of 

MaxCom, which runs on the Systems Oriented Language 
Bulletin Board System. Since the 2068 is so memory- 
hound, we have been wracking our brains for the last (and 
first) two years of operations for neat ways of acquiring 
memory Well, we first broke out all the local operations 
into a "terminal" version", TERMax. And, we last decided 
to drop terminal mode entirely from the BBS software, 
MaxCom We still access terminal mode in MaxCom, but 
Only by the caller's choosing talk mode at the BBS main 
menu. Otherwise, we need teiminal mode only to initialize 

the modem with "atxl" and "ats0=l" 

The Breakthrough came yesterday, when we figured 
out how to send those modem commands as part of an 
initialization string, by talking to the modem on channel 7. 
So, two years of operations have left us with the need for 
only five entry points for MaxCom We backup MaxCom 
to the disk on the current drive, by pressing "u" in MENU 
mode. We SEND the initialization string to the modem, 
LOAD the general information message base, and ENTER 
BBS mode, by pressing "1" in MENU mode. We hang up 
the phone, when necessary, by pressing "h" in MENU 
mode. We CATalog the current drive, by pressing "c" in 
MENU mode. We quit back to RAMdisk, by pressing "q" 
in MENU mode. Oh, yes, we select a current drive by 

ZXir QLive Alive! 


Summer 1998 

pressing "0", "1", "2", "3", or "4", while in MENU mode. 
Duplex is still toggled, when in TALK mode, by pressing 
CAP and "3". . 

MaxCom uses 1200 baud at 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, 
and No parity all the time, when receiving calls to SOL 
BBS The parameters are selectable in TERMax only. We 
sure saved a lot of memory, there ! The buffer works in 
TERMax only, in order to upload long files by the caller 

Lastly, LINE is still ON or OFF, according as a 
connection is still in progress, or not, respectively . 

m Rill fflEflU 

Here is the screen image of the AUTOSTART file on 
RAMdisk. This Main Menu takes 22 lines, as shown. On 

line #24 is a request "press 0 - g" Now, we tried to 

store it as a screen string, which is easy to print on the 
large printer , but line #1 is never saved on my machine, 
and line #24 is not saved, either So, we resorted to the 
small printer, which still gives only the first 22 lines. 

❖ Option #0 gives the CATalog of the disk in any of the 
drives, from 0 to 4. 

❖ Option # 1 LOADs the AUTOSTART file of a disk in 
any of the drives, from 0 to 4 

❖ Option #2 LOADs the autonomous version of 
MaxCom BBS software. 

❖ Option #3 LOADs the clocked version of MaxCom 
BBS software. 

Option #4 LOADs the un-timed version of MaxCom 

terminal software. 

❖ Option #5 LOADs the timed version of MaxCom 
terminal software. 

❖ Option #6 writes messages for a called BBS. The 
text generated contains no punctuation. 

❖ Option #7 LOADs an advanced, LarKen-compatible 
version of MSCRIPT 

❖ Option #8 LOADs JFORM by Jack Dohany . 

❖ Option #9 is a disk copy routine, optimized for speed. 

❖ Option #a LOADs a routine, for moving the contents 
of RAMdisk both to and from an arbitrary disk drive, from 
0 to 4. 

❖ Option #b LOADs software, for rebuilding a disk's 
CATalog from the disk's contents. 

❖ Option #c transfers the name of a disk on one drive, 
to a disk on another drive, from 0 to 4. 

❖ Option #d creates the name of a disk, OR just 
changes it 

❖ Option #e both reads and sets the online clock. 

❖ Option #f configures ASAPfax It also READs the 

❖ Option #g SENDs a fax via ASAPfax. 

David E Lassov Sysop 
SOL BBS @ 520-882-0388 (data) 520-882-3972 (voice) (email) 
2590 N Jordan DR 
Tucson AZ 85745-1132 


RMG List — The Inventory Intended to be Shipped to J. Shepard 

Will be Updated in the Next Issue 

1 Computer-TS- 2068 (2068)(h/w) 

I Computer-TS- 2068 Complete (Used)(h/w)(2068) 

I I Computer-TS- 2068 Computer Only As-ls (h/w) 

1 Power Supply-2068 15v (Used)(2068)(h/w) 

2 Power Supply-9 Volt TS- 1000/1 500 (li/w)(1000) 
8 Cable-Cassette/Computer Set ( 1 000)(2068)(h/w) 
5 Cable-Monitor-TV/Composite (1000)(2068)(h/w) 
39 TS- 1016 16K RAM Pak (1000)(h/w) 

1 3 Magic Bridge- 1 6K RAM Packs ( 1 000/ 1 500)(h/w) 
1 Suntronics-16K RAM Pak (Used)(h/w)( 1000/1 500) 

3 Memotech 16K RAM Pack (1000)(h/w) 

1 LarKen-Maxcom Term/BBS Package (2068)(s/w) 

2 LarKen-Sequential Filing (2068)(s/w) 

3 LarKen-LKDOS Version 3 EPROM 

2 Modem-Byte-Back MD-68 Assembled (2068)(h/w) 
7 Modem-Byte-Back Spectraterm VI .3 (2068)(s/w) 
1 Cable-Serial-2068/Modem(2068)(h/w) 

1 Modem-s/w-Z Term 64 (2068)(s/w) 

2 PC Talker Speech Synthesizer (QL/2068)(h/w) 

1 Timex-2068 Cartridge 3 Pak (s/w)(2068) 

2 Timex-s/w On Cartridge (Used)(s/w)(2068) 
7 Timex-Budgeter (2068-C)(s/w) 

78 Timex-Crazybugs (2068-C)(s/w) 

104 Timex-States & Capitals (2068-C)(s/w) 

1 EPROM-Gesso PCB Complete (2068)(h/w) 

1 Book-Gesso EPROM Programmer Manual (2068)(s/w) 

4 Gesso Wp32 Word Processor (2068)(s/w) 

1 LarKen-George Chambers Utility Disk (2068)(Pd)(s/w) 
1 Chambers-LKDOS Disk Utility Package (2068)(s/w) 

1 Chambers-MS DOS To LKDOS ASCII File Converter 

1 Byte Power-D.US. Utility Disk (Pd)(LarKen)(2068) 
3 Manual-D.U.S Users Manual On Disk Lkdos (2068)( 
1 Bench-Tape To LKDOS McMover W/Header Reader 

1 Dohany Lkdos Pd Utility Disk (2068)(s/w)(Pd) 

3 Dohany-Smartwatch Software/Docs (2068)(s/w) 

1 Dohany-2068 ROM/Spectrum Emulator Kit/Do-It- Your 

3 Printer-Drivers-Dohany Superdriver W/Gypsy (2068) 

1 Mscript Wp V5 X/Dohany - Disk (2068)(s/w) 

2 Basic Too! Kit (2068)(s/w) 

1 Clone (2068)(s/w) 

4 E-Z Key-Upload 2000 (2068)(s/w) 

2 Slideshow 2068-Slideshow Pgm For 2068 (s/w)(2068 
2 S&K-The Kruncher (2068)(s/w) 

2 S&K Express (2068)(FD-68)(s/w) 
1 S&K- Andromeda 3 (2068)(s/w) ' 


IP Compiler (s/w)(2068) 

1 Sincus Pd Library (3 Disks)(2068)(Lkdos)(s/w) 

1 Vista-Public Domain Disk #1 (s/w)(2068)(Lkdos) 

1 Vista-Public Domain Disk #2 (s/w)(2068)(Lkdos) 

1 Vista-Public Domain Disk #3 (s/w)(2068)(Lkdos) 

1 Vista-Public Domain Disk #4 (2068)(s/w)(Lkdos) 

1 Vista-Public Domain Disk #5 (2068)(s/w)(Lkdos) 

1 Vista-Public Domain Disk #6 (2068)(s/w)(Lkdos) 

1 Vista-Public Domain Disk #7 (2068)(s/w)(Lkdos) 

2 Novelsoft Suite-LKDOS-Timachine/Artworx/Worx/'ZXp 
1 Omnibus AOS (2068)(LKDOS)(s/w)(Pd) 

1 Profile +5 (2068)(s/w) 

ZXir QLive Alive! 


Summer 1998 

3 Profile +5 (Has+3)(2068)(s/w) 
1 Profile +5 (Has Pf)(2068)(s/w) 

1 Book-Profile 2068 Manual (s/w) 

2 Profile 2068 (Used)(s/w)(2068) 
2 Pro/File 2068 (s/w)(2068) 

1 Arrow- Sounddesign (2068)(s/w) 
1 Arrow-Word Play (2068)(s/w) ' 
1 Arrow-Music Design 2000 (2068)(s/w) 

1 Arrow-Screendesign (2068)(s/w) 

4 Multi-Draw 2068 (2068)(s/w) 

2 Mdm-PC Draw V3.0 (s/w)(2068) 

3 Machine Code Tutor (2068)(s/w) 

2 Federal Hill-Handicapper Thorobred (2068)(s/w) 

3 Federal Hill-Handicapper Greyhound (2068)(s/w) 
1 Tech Draw Jr (2068)(s/w) 

3 2068 Printing Press (Greeting/Sign/Banner) On LK 

1 Zebra-Creative Graphics & Sound (2068)(s/w) 

1 Zebra OS-64 (2068)(h/w)(s/w) 

1 Lkw-Makedos64 V2.1 (2068?FD-68)(s/w) 

1 Zebra Greeting Card Designer (2068)(s/w) 

1 Z-Print 80 (2068)(s/w) 

3 Zebra-Icon Library-Nature (2068)(s/w) 

3 Zebra-Icon Library- America (2068)(s/w) 

1 Zebra Sign Designer (2068)(s/w) 

1 Zebra Banner Designer (2068)(s/w) 

3 Zebra-Icon Library-Holiday # 1 (2068)(s/w) 

3 Zebra-Icon Library-Holiday #2 (2068)(s/w) 

3 Zebra-Icon Library-Religion (2068)(s/w) 

3 Zebra-Icon Library-Travel (2068)(s/w) 

3 Zebra-Icon Library- Animals (2068)(s/w) 

1 Zebra-Icon Library-Party (2068)(s/w) 

3 Zebra-Icon Library- Jewish Holidays (2068)(s/w) 

3 Zebra-Icon Library- Sports (2068)(s/w) 

3 Zebra-Icon Library-Office (2068)(s/w) 

3 Zebra-Icon Library-Christmas (2068)(s/w) 

1 Zebra-Icon Library Pak #2(12 Sets)(s/w)(2068) 

3 Zebra-Icon Library Pak #1 (4 Sets)(s/w)(2068) 

1 Lemke-Pixel Print Plus DTP (2068)(s/w) 

1 Lemke-Pixel Print Pro (AERCO)(2068)(s/w) 

1 Lemke-TASWORD Conversion (DTP)(2068)(s/w) 

2 Lemke-Pixel Sketch/Graphics Editor (2068)(s/w) 
1 Mountaineer- 1 6 Point Fonts #2 (DTP)(2068)(s/w) 
i Quicksilva-3D Strategy (2068)(s/w) ' 

3 Quicksilva- Aquaplane (2068)(s/w) 
1 Quicksilva-Bugaboo (2068)(s/w) 

1 Quicksilva-Gridrunner (2068)(s/w) 
1 Quicksilva-Mined Out (2068)(s/w) 
3 Quicksilva-Quetzalcoatl (2068)(s/w) 
1 Quicksilva-Smugglers Cove (2068)(s/w) 
1 Quicksilva-Snowman (2068)(s/w) 
1 Executive-Clue (2068)(s/w) 
1 Executive-Hangman (s/w)(2068) 

1 Executive-Straits of Hormuz (s/w)(2068) 

2 Executive- Acets Program (s/w)(2068) 

1 Executive-Income Statement (2068)(s/w) 

2 Executive-Menu Master (2068)(s/w) 

3 Softsync-Cyberzone (2068)(s/w) 

4 Softsync Gulpman (2068)(s/w) 

1 Timex-Auto Analyzer (2068)(s/w) 

5 Timex-Casino I (2068-T)(s/w) 

6 Timex-Circuit Board Scramble (2068)(s/w) 
6 Timex-Crazybugs (2068-T)(s/w) 

2 Timex-Flight Simulator (2068-T)(Used)(s/w) 

2 Timex-Fun Golf (2068)(s/w) 

2 Timex-Math Wizardry I (2068)(s/w) 

2 Timex-Math Wizardry 11 (Used)(s/w)(2068) 
1 Timex-Penetrator (Used)(s/w)(2068) 

1 Timex-Personal Portfolio Manager (2068)(h/w) 
4 Timex-Spelling I (2068-T)(s/w) 

3 Timex-Spelling JJ (2068)(s/w) 

1 Timex-Spelling II (Used)(s/w)(2068) 
6 Timex-States & Capitals (2068-T)(s/w) 

3 Timex- Word Play n (2068)(s/w) 

4 Federal Hill-Harness Handicapper (2068)(s/w) 

1 Sektor 2068 (FD-68)(s/w) 

2 Digital-Night Gunner (2068)(s/w) 
1 Durell-Critical Mass (2068)(s/w) 

4 Jic-Diamond Mike II (2068)(s/w) 
1 Jstg-Portfolio (2068)(s/w) 

1 Snyder-Civil War Diary (2068)(s/w)(Pd) 

1 Wilcox-Tarot (2068)(s/w) 

1 Wilcox-Yacht (2068)(s/w) 

1 Foote-U S A. (2068)(s/w) 

1 Easy Edit/Gggshow (Used)(s/w)(2068) 

1 Omnicalc 2 Expansion/Conversion Kit (Used)(s/w) 

5 Grab Bag-TS- 2068 s/w 10 Pak (2068)(s/w) 
1 Pi- Weld Design (2068)(s/w) 

1 Pi-Piping System Design (2068)(s/w) 

1 Pi-Continuous Beam (2068)(s/w) 

1 Pi-Simple Beam Strength (2068)(s/w) 

1 Pi-Sheet Metal Forming (2068)(s/w) 

1 Vectorware-Pix Fx (2068)(s/w) 

1 AERCO-RP/M Master Disk W/Docs (2068)(s/w) 

1 Omnidisk (Omnicalc/ AERCO Converter)(2068)(FD-68) 

6 Disk File Manager Pd Version (2068)(FD-68)(s/w) 

3 Emulator-2068 Overlays W/ Z80 Emulator For IBM 
1 Cover-Dust-Protector-TS-2068 (Grey)(h/w) 

142 Keytops-Cricket House (2068)(h/w) 

42 Keyboard-E Z Key Interface Kit (1000/2068)(h/w) 

1 Cable-Disk Drive-Dual Drive-QL & 2068 (h/w) 

1 Cable-Disk Drive-3 Drive-QL & 2068(h/w) 

2 Printer-I/F-Hacksel Cent-Cart Prot (Used)(h/w) 
1 Computer-QL Package W/Ps-Manual-s/w (h/w) 
1 Psion-Abacus (Used)Sw)(QL) 

1 Turbo Quill (QL)(s/w) 

2 Cable-Printer-Rs232 Serial-Sinclair (QL)(b/w 

3 Cable-Networking-QL (h/w) 

1 Printer-I/F Miracle-Serial To Centronics (QL)(H/w 
1 Book-QL Owners' Manual (QL)(Used)(s/w) 

1 Book-Mc68000 Programmer's Guide (QL) 

2 Sector-Flashback (QL)(s/w) 

I Sector-Flashback (Used)(QL)(s/w) 

1 Pdql-Discover (QL)(s/w) 

2 MDV Cartridge (Used)(h/w)(QL) 

4 14 MDV Carts - Used (h/w)(QL) 

1 Miracle-Disk Adapter For Trump Card (QL)(h/w 
1 Miracle-RAM Disk Program (QL)(s/w) 

1 Jstg-Distance Calculator (QL)(s/w) 

2 PC Import (QL)(s/w) 
1 QRAM (QL)(s/w) 

1 QL Mailmerge (s/w) 

3 QL Pd Software Disk (s/w) 

i QL Public Domain Software-Per Disk (s/w)(Pd) 
6 Printer-TS-2040 Thermal (1000/1 5 00/2068)(h/w) 

ZXir QLive Alive! 


Summer 1998 

1 Printer-TS-2040 Complete (Used)(h/w)( 1 000/1 500) 

6 Printer- Alphacom 32 Thermal Printer (1 000/1 500) 

1 Printer-Alphacom 32 Thermal Printer (Used)(h/w) 

1 Rotronics Wafadrive Package W/ Wafers & s/w (Used 

1 A&J 2000 Drive Only (Used)(h/w)(2068) 
17 A&J Type I Wafers (Used)(h/w)(1000)(2068) 

1 A&J Wafer Test Program (2068)(s/w) 

1 A&J Microdrive Test Program (Used)(2068)(s/w) 

1 Cable-Printer-Parallel-A&J I/F (2068)(h/w) 

1 Book-QL SuperBasic The Definitive Handbook (J.J) 

4 Book-QL Series- Word Processing On The QL (s/w) 

1 Book-QLink Terminal s/w Manual (s/w) 

1 Book-Executive- Archive Master (QL)(s/w 

1 Book-Sinclair QL Adventures (QL)(s/w) 

1 Monitor- 1 2" Rgb QL Vision (Used)(h/w) 

Terms That All Potential Internet Users Should Know 

With the swift, progressive use of the Internet over the 
last several years, terms such as the World Wide Web, 
e-mail, on-line and modems are being used more 
frequently in our society. 

You may want to become more familiar with common 
Internet language. 

The following is a partial listing of terms that can help 
you to achieve Internet literacy . 

Address — A unique string of text which identifies the 
location of a Web page on the Internet. Also known as the 
Uniform Resource Locator (URL) If you have E-mail, a 
unique address is also assigned 

Bookmark — A feature of Netscape Navigator which 
enables you to mark Web pages for future use and easy 

Chat Rooms — With the appropriate software, a 
permanent connection is made inside a chat room (group) 
and everyone in that room can type messages and 
questions back and forth to one other. Everyone in the chat 
room can see what everyone else is writing because it 
shows up on each person's computer screen. Chat rooms 
often have themes where people with similar interests can 
talk. Communication is in real time 

Down LOAD- -Through the computer, COPY files 
from another computer to your computer's hard drive or 
disk If you have the appropriate software you can access 
any file. 

(E-mail) Electronic mail — A system used to send 
and receive messages electronically. A message is posted 
until the recipient accesses and deletes it , 

(FAQ) Frequently *4sked Questions — A file 
containing responses to commonly asked questions that 
everyone else is tired of answering 

(FTP) File Transfer Protocol— A method of moving 
files across the Net. 

(Gopher) — A menu-based program that tunnels 
between different computer networks in search of 

Home Page — This is the page which comes up 
automatically when a URL address is entered It's the 
intr oduction page to your Web site 

(HTML) Hypertext Markup Language — The stuff 
that World Wide Web documents are made of. 

(HTTP) HyperText Transport Protocol— A 
communication standard which ensures every computer 
accessing the Internet is talking the same language when 
sending and receiving Web pages 

Internet — A collection of networks that connect 
computers all over the world together using phone lines, 

coaxial cables, fiber optic cables, satellites and other 
means of telecommunication media 

Links — Text that may appear highlighted or 
underlined and may also be a graphic (hyperlinks) that 
enable you to open related Web pages by clicking them 
with your mouse. 

Lynks — A text interface used to view documents/files 
on the World Wide Web 

Modem — Stands for modulate/demodulate A device 
that changes analog to digital data which the computer 
can understand. Modems make it possible to use a phone 
line for computers to talk to other computers. 

MultiMedia — A collection of technologies including 
animated pictures, video and sound. 

Net Search — Conducting a search for information on 
the Internet through directories such as Yahoo or other 
search engines. 

Newbie — A new Internet user; often considered 
flamebait by unsympathetic Net vets. 

On-line— -Connection giving access to the Internet 
through a computer with the appropriate software, modem 
and a Web provider account 

(POP) Point Of Presence — Refers to local phone 
numbers maintained by regional or national Internet 
access providers. 

(PPP) Point-to- Point Protocol — A type of access 
account that gives virtually direct access to the Net. 

Search Engine — Used to do a net search and typically 
gives you more listings than a directory It searches 
keywords you enter into the search form. AltaVista, 
Gopher, Excite and Infoseek are all search engines 

Spamming — Broadcasting a single message many 
newsgroups or E-mail addresses 

Surfer — A net dude or dudette. 

(TCP/IP) Transmission Control Protocol/Internet 
Protocol — A series of rules computer s must obey in order 
to communicate across the Net. 

Telnet — Communications protocol that lets you log 
onto another computer from a far distance 

Web Publishing—Someone who ensures that the 
search engines and directories know you have a Web site. 
Also, making sure your URL address is publicized in 
places such as your business cards, flyers, and broadcast 

Web Provider — Also called an Internet Service 
Provider ISP. A local (proxy) or national company which 
charges a fee to establish Internet communications 
through phone lines using routers and servers 

Web Server — A computer that takes orders from 

ZXir QLive Alive! 


Summer 1998 

Internet users and responds appropriately It makes Web 
pages available to World Wide Web users A server 
process URL and E-mail address requests, 

Web Site — A series of W eb pages linked together that 
become someone's entire presence on the Internet. 

Newsgroups — A collection of Internet users meeting 
electronically to discuss a topic. Messages can be posted 
on an electronic bulletin board accessible to all those in 
the newsgroup. Usenet is a system of more than 7,000 

(UNIX) — A complex, powerful and extremely scary 
operating system used extensively on networked 
machines. Best avoided by Newbies 

(URL) Uniform Resource Locator — A unique 
string of text that iden6fies the location of a Web page on 
the Internet The first four letters in each URL is HTTP 

Web Browser — Computer program that enables you 
to use the WWW to find, load and view W r eb pages. Web 

VOLUME 7 NUMBER 1 Spring 1997 

D' You Know? Internet 

More On QPC 

QPC - The Missing Link 

Internet to LarKen 

Al Feng 

Robert Hartung 

Al Feng 

Les Cottrell 

browsers offer easy-to-use point and click environments 
for quickly accessing information. Examples are Mosaic, 
Netscape Navigator and Internet Explorer. 

Web Document — Also called a Web page, a 
specifically formatted file designed for use on the Internet 
that enables you to display information to anyone using 
the Internet. Web pages typically include text, graphics, 
links and sometimes sound and video clips 

Web Master — Someone who creates, maintains and 
administers the content of a Web site making sure it 
operates correctly on the software and server side. 

(WW W) World Wide Web— Also referred to as The 
Web and W3 . A vast series of electronic documents called 
Web pages that are linked together over the Internet. No 
single entity owns the Web The Internet and WWW are 
often used interchangeably 

Or a sub-network for net-heads who cannot live by 
plain printed text alone 

Input/Output - Did You Know? by Les 
Cottrell, QL Show 


IRA Pay-Out 

Don Lambert 

LarKen Disk Svstem 

Gil Parrish 

HJI Announces New Freeware 

Tim Swenson 

Aurora - The QL Graphic Card 

QL Hacker's Journal 

Tim Swenson 

Surfing the Net With the 2068 

David Lassov 

Parallel I/O Modification 

Al Feng 


Al Feng 

Daisy Be Good X 

David Lassov 

ZX-81 Video Display II 

Wilt Rigter 

TS-2068 Modem Compatible Serial I/F 

Les Cottrell 

SeekQL 2.09 Part 2 

Al Feng 

VOLUME 7 NUMBER 2 Summer 1997 

Input/Output - WIDJUP CAD #3, 24- 
pin Printer Driver - Al Feng, TS-1500 - 
Gil Parrish, Battery Backup for the Z88 
- Don Lambert. 


QHJ- Off The Net 

Tim Swenson 

More Net Surf n - 2068 

David Lassov 

Insomnia Over the Z88 

Don Lambert 

Civilization ZX-8 1 Game 

ZX-Team Magazine 

Daisy Be Good XI 

David Lassov 

Running The QPC 

Robert Hartung 

Hack the ZX Spectrum 

Les Cottrell 

VOLUME 7 NUMBER 3 Autumn 1997 

Input/Output - QPC, Ramtop TS-2068 
- Bob Swoger, Larken Graphic 
Adventure - Les Cottrell, DownLOAD 
from SOL BBS - Bob Swoger 


Z88 Revisited 

Don Lambert 

Sequential Paragraph 

Menu Magic 

TeleCom Menu 

ZEBRA on the Net 

David Lassov 

David Lassov 

David Lassov 

VOLUME 7 NUMBER 4 Winter 1997 

Input/Output - RMG Project, 
Smart Watch - David Lassov, E-mail 
from Frank Davis, Recent QL 
FreeWare - Tim Swenson 

More On QPC 


Sex for the ZX-81 

VAL Function 

How to Hack on the Spectrum 

Lunch Hour Activity 


Robert Hartung 

Al Feng 

Wilt Rigter 

David Lassov 

Les Cottrell 

Les Cottrell 

VOLUME 8 NUMBER 1 S pring 199 8 

Input/Output - RAM Storage - David 
Lassov, OS64 Manual, Garbage 
Gobbler David Lassov 

RMG Project - Earl Kielglass, Robert 
Schimke, John Pegram, Gil Parrish, 
Hugh Scriven, Francine Sklar, Harry 
Miller, Bob Barnett, Thoresen, 
Dorinson, Joan Kealy. 


QL Hacker 's Journal 


Tim Swenson 

VOLUME 8 NUMBER 2 Summer 1998 

Input/Output - Vacuum Tubes, RMG 
P roject - Rod Gowen. 

T S Inventory from RMG 

QLAY 0.85 - First Look 

U pdate - QPC 



Jack Boatwright 

Al F eng 

R obert Hartung 

Surfing The Net - TS-2068 

How to Hack the ZX-Spectrum HI 


RMG Inventory 

Internet Glossary 

Gil Parrish 

David Lassov 

Les Cottrell 

David Lassov 

Rod Gowen 


ZXir QLive Alive! 


Summer 1998 

m 1$a£& ^C5£ 3 w 1 f| ^5fc ^Nl 

II w I u 9 9 III 13? U 

Place your ads here, it is free! 

Mail to: A. KAHALE 3343 S FLAT ROCK CT SIERRA VISTA AZ 85635-6874 

| lease inform and/or update the Iditor of ang changes U your ad/s 

SPECTRUM for your 2068 

If you are a LarKen LK-DOS owner and would like to run SPECTRUM 
programs on your system, we will supply a V2 EPROM, socket and 
74HCT32 for $12 which includes shipping and handling The instal- 
lation instructions are in your LarKen manual. We shall not be respon- 
sible for your install job AERCO owners need only the EPROM for 
$10 forwarded to LarKen 

Bob Swoger Address on page 2 

74 7 Jlf 1 x g fj i J§> x xtt vl \ a i a x 

So you like to fly, the 747 Flight Simulator for SPECTRUM by Derek 
Ashton of DACC. Requires a SPECTRUM equipped 2068 Supplied 
on LarKen SSDD or DSDD LarKen disk for $10 which goes to Derek 
now working at Motorola with Bob 

MIMMIIm SS b , IM^ ^ 

A Strategic Generic War Game for the TS-2068 
C € N Q U E $ T 

> Available on tape, or disk, .AERCO, Oliger. Game and map 
SAVEs in BASIC allows conversion to your system 
y Completely in fast machine code Games can be SAVEd and 
CONTINUEd. Price $19.95 -f $2.50 S&H. 

Order from:- or:- 
Lloyd Dreger SMUG 
2461 S. 79th St Box 101 

West Allis Wl 53219 Butler Wl 53007 

The John Oliger Co, 

11601 Widbey Dr. 
Cumberland IN 46229 
The John Oliger Floppy Disk System 
FOR THE TS-2068 
Expansion Board 
2068 User Cartridge 
Disk Boards "A" & "B" 
2068 Parallel Printer Port 
2068 EPROM Programmer 
2068/SPECTRUM Joystick Port 
DFh Mapped Universal I/O Port board 

Service For America's 

Favorite Home Computers and Their Accessories 



Repair Charge Examples 
TS-1000, ZX-81, 1016 RAMPack, Memotech, ZEBRA Talker; 
MIRACLE Centronics, RAM Centronics. 
$5.00 each + parts & shipping. 
TS-2020, 2040, PC-8300, ZX-80, TI-99, Z-SIO, Byte-Back, 
AERCO 2068 Centronics, BASlCare, LarKen RAMDisk 
$10.00 each + parts & shipping, 
TS-2068, Spectrum, A&J MicrD, Miracle 512K, LarKen 1000 
& 2068 FDI, Kempston FDI, Cumana FDI, CST FDI 

$15.00 each + parts & shipping. July 1,1996 
Reasonable flat rate plus parts and shipping. 
Write or call for prices SASE appreciated 




RT 1, Box 117 

Cabool MO 65689 

Phone 417 469-4571 417 467-4571 

ZX-TEXT - Word Processor 
ZX-CALC - Spreadsheet 

Business Software 

Cycle Accounting Financial Report Generator 
ZX-CALENDAR - Time Management 
ZX-81 TS-1000 TS-1500 

Albert F. Rodriguez 

A.F.R. Software® 

1605 Pennsylvania Ave 204 
Miami Beach FL 33139 
305 531-6464 



QLAMBer $20 

QLuMSi $20 

SeekQL $10 

Upgrades $5 

914 Rio Vista Cir SW 
Albuquerque NM 87105 
(505) 843-8414 

ZXir QLive Alive! 


Summer 1998 

RomDisk 4 MB DM 1 99. 

RomDisk 8MB DM 299. 

Aurora Adapter for RomDisk DM 9 .90 

Special Offer 

The color drivers are coming In order to be able to upgrade to 

the color drivers, you need to have SMSQ/E. The nonnal 
SMSQ which is shipped with QXL card will not be able to han- 
dle more colors To benefit from the colors in the future, and 
benefit now from the extra features of SMSQ/E, here is a 

special offer 

SMSQ/E for the QXL 

o nly DM 169. 

As Aurora owners will be able to use more colors when the 
color drivers are available, another offer for SMSQ/E for the 
Aurora plus GoldCard/Super/GoldCard: 

SMSQ/E for the Super GoldCard 

Only DM 189. 

Offer ends the 30 th of June, 1998 
QL Games & Upgrades 

QL Applications 
ProWesS + Applications 
Jochen Merz Software 
Im stillen Winkel 12 
47169 Duisburg, Germany 
S 0203-502011 
Fax 0203-502012 
Credit Cards accepted 

Who is doing it? 

QL Today is being published by Jochen Merz Software. 
Jochen Merz has been supplying software for the QL for several 
years and has built up a good reputation for quality and fair- 
trading. The representative in Britain is Miracle Systems Ltd. 
who take subscriptions and do the distribution. The articles in 
the magazine are written by a number of prominent QLers and 
the editor is Dilwyn Jones. 


Germany (+German add-on) DM 70 
England DM 60 £25 

Rest of the world DM 70 £30 

Back-issues are available for DM 12 (incl. postage) 
Checks should be made payable Miracle Systems Ltd. 
English Office 
Miracle Systems Ltd. 
20 Mow Barton 
Yates, Bristol 
United Kingdom BS17 5NF 

Tel. +44 1454 883602 Fax. +44 1454 883602 

Dilwyn Jones 
41 Bro Emrys 
Tal-Y-Bont, Bangor, Gwynedd 
United Kingdom LL57 3YT 
Tel. +44 1248 354023 Fax. +44 1248 354023 

ZX-81 JSi±t 

$30 Plus $10 
for shipping and handling 
TS-2040 Printers 16K RAM 
We Do Not Ship Outside The US & Canada 

Checks, Money Orders and Visa or Mastercard 
Call 212-675-8414 FAX 212-675-8980 

Zebra Systems, Inc. 
122 W26th St. Suite. 904 
New York, NY 10001 

Shipping is by UPS ground. 
Basics of Timex Sinclair 1500/1000 BASIC 

A copy of this book is shipped free with each ZX-8 1 kit. 
Allen Wolach, Separately priced $12.95 
BASIC Basics for the Timex/Sinclair 1500/1000 
A copy of this book is shipped free with each ZX-81 kit. 
Michael Barnett//Simon Barnett, Separately priced 512.95 
The Ins and Outs of the Timex TS-1000 & ZX-81 
Don Thomasson, $12.95 
Computer Interfacing Technique in Science TS- 1 500/1000 
Paul Field & John Davies, $12.95 
ZX-81 BASIC Programming (in Spanish language) 
Steve Vickers (Traducido y adaptado) A copy of this book is 
shipped free for asking if you just pay for additional shipping 
cost. Separately priced $ 1 0 

S incl air Re s o ur c e s 

Jack Dohany (Developer - 2068) 
627 Vera Ave 
Redwood City CA 94061 

John McMichael (Developer - Graphics) 
1710 Palmer Dr 
Laramie WY 82070 

Bill Russel! (QL) 
Russel Electronics 
RR1 Box 539 
Center Hall PA 16828 

Keith Watson 
AERCO & Z80 Emulator 

41634 Amberly Dr. 
Mt. Clemens, Ml 48038 

Rod Gowen (RMG) 
14784 S Quail Grove Cir 
Oregon City OR 97045-8843 

Send them a LSASE and ask for information about 
their current products and/or services 

ZXir QLive Alive! 


Summer 1998 

FWD Computing 

P.O. Box 1 ? 
Mexico, (N 46953 USA 

Voice: (765) 473-8031 FAX (765) 472-0783 
Phone hours: Tues-Thurs only from Noon to 7 P.M., other times please 
leave a message on the machine. Many extended weekends we are gone 
to attend and sell at computer shows around the country. Catalogs issued 
twice yearly. Please let us know if you want to be placed on the catalog mail 
list. We specialize in Amiga, QL, Z88 and Timex-Sinclair Computers. 


TSNUG T-Shirts at a special price for TSNUG members $14 

(as with all of our shirts they are 100% cotton!) 

QL T-Shirts (as with all shirts let us know what size, 2X on up add $2) $16 

Z88 T-Shirts (colors for all Ts - white, grey or tan) $1 6 

Mouse Mats for QL, TSNUG, or Z88 computer users. $ 7 
NEW! QL CD ROM, filled with meg after meg of PD & Shareware programs 

and can be accessed by QXL, QPC or via DisCover and PC. $15 
COMING SOON! Our Second CD ROM for the QL. Order ahead of time and 

get it for only $12, or wait till it's release and pay $15 

NEW! Z88 CD ROM filled with programs, files, graphics, etc. $15 
QPC the professional level QL emulator for the PC compatible. It includes 
SMSQE and gives you access as a QL user to many PC hardware 

features. Even works on 486+ laptops. $150 

Parallel Interface for TS2068 (only 4 left) $30 
Speccy Classix '98 CD ROM filled with new emulators for the Amiga 
and PC to turn it into a powerful Spectrum and thousands of 

formerly commercial Spectrum Programs. $25 

Speccy 97 CD ROM has Spectrum emulator & 3,000+ programs $22 
Retro Gold CD ROM filled with great Spectrum, Atari and C64 

emulators and thousands of formerly commercial programs. $22 
AMIGA FOREVER fully licensed Amiga emulator with legal ROMs 
from 1.3 to 3.0. With a few mouse clicks this turns a dull PC 
into a powerful Amiga. Also on the CD is commercial software to 

get you up and running. Not for 386 or sx PCs. $58 
LogiCall 6.0 is the ultimate Larken operating system. Versions for all 

Larken system users. Get upgraded! $15 

New Version of the QL emulator for the Amiga w/our own extras $20 

Hermes & Minerva combo for QL sale priced at.... $75 

Would you like to see a TS2068 or TS1000 CD ROM put on the market? Write, call, etc. 

WE can do it, but you have to let us know you want it. 

ZXir QLive Alive! 


Summer 1998