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I 


M 

COMPUTER 
ENTHUSIASTS 

ELUM©T©K1 

Wellington Atari Computer Enthusiasts 


Dea r membe rs.. 

He-re- it- is - the- last Wa.ce- views-1etter for 1385. 

NEXT MEETING 

Hy.r next, meeting will be- held on 11 De-cember.■ beginning 
informally at 7.30pm and formally at 8.00pm. As usual, the 
venue- will be the "Loaves and Fishes", which is located- 
behind the Anglican Cathedral in Molesworth St. in central 
We11ins ton. 

To mark the Christmas season, we will hold a games 
competition, the winner of which will be given a prize of 
either a club disk or tape. Those who get the best scores on 
the five or six preliminary games will enter a final round ot 
i-ompetition. Please bring your own -joysticks. 

Reflecting the range of quality public domain software that 
has come our way over recent months, both the new Club Tapes 
<a C30) and Disks Oa DOS 2.5, with 1000 sectors) are 
beauties. No point in setting out the merits of either - buy 
them and find out how good they are. (For those whose disk 
drives can't handle DOS 2.5, a subtitute disk with all the 
programmes on the main disk, except one, has been prepared. 

By "the way, WfiCE Disk 1 will be withdrawn from stock after 
the- meeting. A completely machine- language-/ games- disk, we 
have Put -another FOUR such games on the re-ve-rse side of the 
disk for no increase in price. Great for a wet Christmas-! 



NOVEMBER, 1385 


PRESIDENT: Hr M Munro 
Telephone: 793-363 

SECRETARY: Mr D Rowe 
Telephone: 736-716 

P.O.Box 16011 
WELLINGTON 



RUMINATIONS 

Its been a good year for Atari in Wellington. WAcE'S 
membership is way up and our finances are strong. 
Commercially, Atari has done well, outselling Commodore 
handsomely. After a drought last year, commercial software is 
again available in reasonable volumes. Jack Tramiel has 
worked wonders, turning Atari around and making it credible 
again. 

What should we look for in 1386? The ST ms.chines should be 
here in volume, giving rise to both new interest and, for 
those who will not trade up, envy! Those with XE machines can 
expect programmes to be written that utilise their machines' 
considerable power. It is Plain that there is a huge heap of 
public domain software available for WAcE to exploit. But, in 
a sense, all that is the easy side of computing. WACE has yet 
to spawn a set of vigorous "Special Interest Groups", while 
the number of "home grown" programmes is embara.ssing ly low. 
The evidence is that Udo many of our members- find 
spoonfeeding acceptable! They shouldn't! Your committee would 
welcome some well focussed whinseins from the members. 


In the meantime, keep those computers working. See you on 
Wednesday 11 December, 


Des Rowe 
(Secretary> 




2- 


COMPETITION 


Yon will already have seer, in Des’s notes (the Secretary's 
page at the front), that we have a competition during 

Sell?^to S keeP"you"all busy over the Christmas and Hew Year 
th«=- committee has devised a small twst ut sk i 1 1 
to the Atari, WAGE, and Computing m general, 
the competition, simply answer the quiz which 
and send your answers to our secretary, to reach run 
than Tuesday 11 February 1986. The first. correct ^ 
entry drawn at our meeting on the 12 February 1'doS will win. 
To collect the Prize (The first club disk or tape of the new 
year), you must be in attendance at the meeting. 


Hoiidays, 
re1 ati ns 
To enter 
foilows, 
no later 


ATARI INTERFACE UNIT 


One of our newer members (John Elsbury) has 
technical bent, and has designed and built 
well regarded Atari 850 Interface Unit 

Summa ry S Pecification : 


proved to have a 
his version of the 


Basic Unit incorporates . , 

- Power Supply with 3 volt output (will run a disk,*. 

- Parallel Printer port (Centronics) as F/Pl 

- RS232 Port P2 or R1 % 

% Option as installed = P2 : R1 will require a device handler 
on disk. 

Basic Unit Cost in $150 - $200 range 
Ex pansion Capability : 

- 2 t 10 bit parallel ports - extra cost approx $20 

- 48K RAM Disk extra cost approx $30 

John would like any WAGE members interested, or Just Plain 
curious to contact him - 10 orders or better would enable a 
lower price. 


John can be contacted at* 
3 Laura Avenue 
Brook lyn, 
WELLINGTON 


or Phone S44-222 (Home) 
or 735-373 (Work) 




FOR SALE 


DISK DRIVE DISK DRIVE DISK DPTVF DISK DRIVE 
^ Rana 8ystems 2000 Disk Drive 

Featu. res : 

S i ng 1 e Deris i ty.* 

Dual (Atari 1850 Enhanced Density and 
True Double Density. 

Rrovides : 

Digital Track and STATUS Read-out,* 

Up front touch sensitive controls. 

IMPORTED FROM UNITED STATES 


Offers should be made to the Bette1heims* 

Phone 759—711. 


JENNY'S COLUMN 


Jenny was away most of the last month.* so has not been able 
to provide me with her regular column. She did however ring 
me the other night# and pass on a little tid-bit regarding 
1010 recorder PLAY BUTTONS,* you know* Atari's built in design 
fau1t. 

It appears that AUDIO VISION in Petone have managed to get 
some in stock.* but (remaining true to their customers) are 
holding their buttons for repairs to machines they have sold. 
Never fear! 1 I'm told that if you have a broken play button.* 
they can repair them (for a nominal fee of course!’*. Just take 
the Pieces of your button into the shop.* and they will do 
their best. 

The address* 

Audiovision 
125 Jackson Street 
Petone. 

Thanks for the tip Jenny.* I look forward to receiving more of 
your articles next year. 



Edito rs Comment 


I'd Just like- to thank - 3.11 of you who have attended the club 
meetinss over the last year for your continued support* and 
ask that you keep it up next year. In this vein* can I also 
make a plea for articles or pros rams of interest to our 
members to be sent to me for inclusion in future newsletters. 
Remember the clubs strength lies in the support we give one 
another. To purloin a Phrase from the late President John F 
Kennedy : "flsk not what your club can do for you* but rather* 
ask yourself what you can do for your club". 

Bruce Tinsley 
< Ed i to r> 


CORRECTION 


I’m sorry that it's taken so Ions* but no one 
original author) has corrected a typo that was 
June 1985 newsletter. 

It relates to a fix for the Disk #4 version nf 
XL machines. 

Line Z2. should have read* 


apart from the 
made in the 

Tiny-text for 


r»r> cm- 


POKE 9248*242=POKE 9247*253 
<It shows up how many of you with XL's don't use Tiny-text) 




».A.C■E. COMPETITION 


1. How many Kilobytes of memory did the first Atari Home 
ComDuter have? 

A. 4K B. 8K C. l&K D. 32K 

2. Which game originally made Atari famous in the video-game 
industry? 

A. Space Invaders. B. Star Raiders C. Pong D. 
Pac-Man 

3. Which communications company has had a strong association 
with Atari? 

A. Warner Communications B. NBC C. BBC D. 20th 
Century Fox 

4. What is the main micro processor in the Atari Home 
Computer? 

A. Z80 B. 68000 C. Antic D. 6502C 

5. Which of the following languages are not readily available 
in some form on the Atari? 

A. Logo B. Assembly C. Cobol D. Forth 

6. What does the anagram D.O.S. stand for? 

A. Disk Operating System B. Drive Organising System C. 
Decimal Operand Signature D. Digitising Open Subroutine 

7. When a BASIC program calls a subroutine it: 

A. It underlines the program B. Sends the control of 
the program from the main routine to a subsidiary routine C. 
Sends control of the program from subsidiary control to the 
main routine D. It switches processor control from one 
operating system to another 

8. Which of the fallowing is an interface? 

A. Speech synthesizer B. Mass storage system C. A 
component linking instrument D. A face to face study of 
computing 

9. If you were fighting in a space war against the Zylon 
Empire whom would you represent? 

A. Earth B. The Ewoks C. The Atari an Federation D. 
The Galactic Federation 

10. What size disks does the Atari 310 or 1050 disk drive 
take? 

A. 5.25" B. 5.5" C. 8" D. 3.5" 

11. What is the object of the game •'FROGGEF? ? 

A. To cross the river B. To get the Frogs home C. To 
kill as many frogs as possible D. To mate as many frogs as 
possible 



/ 

b 


12. Which word processor has not been released bv the club on 
taoe or disk. 

A. Atariwriter B. Speedscript 3.0 C. Tinytext D. 
Tinytext (improved) 

13. Can the Atari 400 be connected to a computer monitor? 

A. True B. Only with the addition of an interface 
module C. Only with internal modifications D. False 


14. How manv books are there in the W.A.C.E. book library? 

A. <50 B. 50 to 100 C. 100 to 150 D. 150 to 200 

15. in which year was W.A.C.E. founded? 

A. 1981 B. 1983 C. 1982 D. 1980 


16. 


Which software company released the game ’The Blue Max’? 
A. Broderbund B. Atarisoft C. Sirius D. Synapse 


17. What is the maximum number of' plays that can ever play 
Atari’s ’Asteroids’? 

A. 4 B. 3 C. 2 D. 1 


18. Hexadecimal is: 

A. Binary B. Base 16 C. Base 60 D. Base 6 


19. Which BASIC command is usually used to make tones on the 
Atari? 

A. SOUND B.- BEEP C. TONE D. NOTE 


20. In which classic game does the word ’atari’ play an 
important role? 

A. Chess B. Tarot cards C. Go D. Babylonian snakes and 
1 adders 

21. In which suburb of Los Angeles is Atari based? 

A. Pasadena B. Glendale C. Sunnyvale D. Silicon 

Vailey 


****************** 




Computer 

* - 

*-^fl^OMPUTERS are very good at 
ig 6 formation once it has been entered into‘heir 
memories. The problem is getting it there. 
►'Riis is a particular problem in industrial apphca- 
Jfcwfs.'^here'timely reporting on —y• «ves 
•‘tind quality control is often stowed by delays in 

•^‘■tnTtypical inspection situation you have 
’son with a clipboard making notes on ^ts and 
.•nrbblems as production comes off the line, sai 
Daniel F. Fink, an executive with the Int f} Corpo- 
‘Liraiion’s Integrated Systems Operation. Then it 
W-fles t0 key punch at night and the responsibleex- 
-!?ecutive gets a report in the morning. Meanwhile, a 
’l^bole day’s production has gone out with mis- 

that reason, voice entry systems—whereby 
, ,? rw>nnle talk directly to a computer — have been 
‘1 viewed for at least a decade as a potentially attrac- 

• tj V e means of quickly getting information into a 

: svstem Then it would be available for 

: immediate dialysis and could be used to fm^ume 

• oroduction processes. In addition, a worker wea 
£fa microphone attached to a headset has eyes 

• -and hands free and earn concentrate on reporting 
•^ents without having to constantly look away to 

Coser »«»* .oday.' 

rtjnth two new voice control systems introduced re- 
tj^ntly and with more reportedly Jojollow soon^ 

;t TT' r n SO ite of its potential advantages, voice data 
■ l ~ r Z.f r - v has been slow to come to the factory floor. 
-Man y early attempts at practical applications re- 
users to develop expensive custom sof twear 
each individual application. Wlth “me it was 
SSficult to sort out spoken 

w^oisv background of many shops. Others were so 
^-cnmDlicated that workers balked at using them. 
i’JVNow, several companies, including Westina- 

house and Intel, h§tv? developed voice entry sys¬ 
tems that they say have solved these f^Srated 
are ready for industrial use. Both demonstrated 
their products this month at the Autofact ^factory 
automation conference in Detroit. Each systemis 
in limited commercial application 'ww. mduding 
one used for quality control m an auto factory. 

Speech recognition systems operate 
ing tomatch the frequency pattern of 
ini word with ones already stored in the memory. 
The difficulty is that the computer memory re- 
^nTSses with the size of the vocabula^ 
And people say the same words in such dissimilar 

ways that no pattern can be used for a given word. 

- Both the Westinghouse and Intel system over¬ 
come these difficulties by having each user^ain 
the machine to recognize a limitednumberof 
words in the user’s speech pattern. Each person 
speaks the words he or she will be using several 
times to establish an individuar’voice templat - 
With the Intel system, users have a bubWe mem- 
ory cartridge containing their template that is in¬ 
serted at the work station before operations begm. 
Westinghouse stores all the templates on a central 
hard disk, and users identify themselves by enter¬ 
ing a numeric code on a keyboard. - 
The number of words the systems will recognize 
is limited — 160 for Westinghouse, 200 for Intel — 
»; house and Intel, have developed voice entry sys- 
terns that they say have solved these problems;and 
are readv for industrial use. Both demonstrated 
their products this month at the Autofact 85 factory 
automation conference in Detroit. Each systemis 
in limited commercial application no*, “eluding 
one used for quality control in an auto factory. 


i apeecn rccugimum ajaveuw “* w ^ -—; r- 

ing to match the frequency pattern of each incom- 
T ing word with ones already stored in the memory. 
The difficulty is that the computer memory re¬ 
quired increases with the size of the vocabulary. 
7 And people say the same words in such dissimilar 
ways that no pattern can be used for a given word. 

Both the Westinghouse and Intel systems over- 
come these difficulties by having each user "train” 
i the machine to recognize a limited number of 
words in the user’s speech pattern. Each person 
speaks the words he or she will be using several 
* times to establish an individual "voice template, 
iWith the Intel system, users have a bubble mem- 
1: ory cartridge containing their template that is in¬ 
i' serted at the work station before operations begin. 
; Westinghouse stores all the templates on a central 
: hard disk, and users identify themselves by enter- 

• ing a numeric code on a keyboard. 

The number of words the systems will recognize 
- is limited — 160 for Westinghouse, 200 for Intel — 



but since each word represents a code, a substan¬ 
tial amount of information can be entered using 
this small vocabulary. 

Both companies have gone to some length to 
make their systems user-friendly, so they will be 
accepted by workers. By simply saying “relax,” 
workers can make the systems pause, so they can 
talk to a fellow worker without putting in false 
data. Saying “speak to me" brings the Intel system 
back to attention with a cheerful “I’m back. 

Another friendly feature is a self-adjusting 
mechanism, in case a person’s way of saying a 
word changes over time. If unsure of a word, the 
systems will ask questions. “Did you say ‘speak to 
me?’ ” If the answer is “yes” the system adjusts 
the template for that word to the new pattern. 

There are about two dozen of these systems in 
use in industrial facilities, according to Stanley 
Goldstein, publisher of Speech Technology maga- ; 
zine But he said the number should increase 
sharply over the next feW years because of ad¬ 
vances in speech recognition technology and be¬ 
cause vendors are now offering complete packages 
that require very little adaptation by end users. 

• • • 

The systems available commercially today are 
primitive compared with the ones being developed. 
“On a scale of 1 to 10, the current systems are at 
about 3,” said Prof. Raj Reddy of Carnegie-Mellon 
University. The goal, he said, is for people to be 
able to converse with computers in normal conver¬ 
sation and without advance “training” of the ma¬ 
chine. Mr. Goldstein describes this as “talking to 
Hal,” a reference to the computer in the film 

“ 2001 ." v . 

But since such a system would require a machine 
to be able to recognize different speakers who do 
not pause between each word. Professor Reddy 
estimates that fully conversational systems are at 
least 10 years off. 

In the meantime, he said, researchers are hoping 
that the limited speech recognition products that 
are available will be accepted for industrial and 
commercial applications. *‘We need to see what 
works and what is not feasible,” he said. The 
technology is moving ahead. We have to see how it 
matches the market.” 


~7 


O 

£ 
1 W 

>1 £ 

£ 


TIMES THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 14 : 1985 





Logo Notions 

As .1 computer teacher at the elemen¬ 
tary level your articles on Loro are very 
helpful .and just the backup needed for 
teachers using Atari computers and 
Logo. I have used Atari and Apple 
Logo and wonder if list processing is 
possible using Atari to the extent it is 
on the Apple system? I can find very 
little information published for Atari 
Logo users. Joy McClintock 

Uriah, CA 

Atari Logo is just as capable as Apple 
Logo when it comes to list processing. For 
some reason (maybe Apple's position in 
schools) there arc more Imoks on their Logo 
than on ours. We hear that <t new book called 
Logo Works: Great Programs in Atari 
Logo, will be published this fall. The Ivok 
is written by many of the original designers 
of Atari Logo and contains quite a bit on 
list processing. You also should investigate 
the Waite Group's Imok on Apple Logo— 
it translates fairly easily to the Atari sys¬ 
tem. 


New Products for 
the 8-Blt Atarls 

After a period of little new software 
availability, it looks like the dry spell is 
starting to go away. Many new prod¬ 
ucts for the Atari were shown at this 
Summer CES. Here are some of them 


for under $50. AtariWriter Plus features 
a built-in printer driver editor (so you 
can take advantage of the features of 
non-Atari printers), spelling checker, 
mailmerge data base, up to 3 files in 
memory at once, and double column 
printing as well as many other pluses.- 
All your existing AtariWriter files are 
compatible and you don't have to learn 
anything new to use the features that 
are currently available in AtariWriter. 
AW Plus comes on a two-sided disk, 
one side for 48K and MK systems and 
the other side for the 128K 130XE. 

Silent Butler isa home financial man¬ 
agement package that tracks vour in¬ 
come and expenses as well as impor¬ 
tant dates like birthdays and anniver¬ 
saries. It will even print out your 
checks for you with the help of a plastic 
checkholder that works with most 
printers. 

Atari Planetarium will chart the night 
sky for you from any terrestrial location 
for almost any date in time. Use this 
one to track Halley's Comet next year! 
Coming this Christmas, will be VIP Pro¬ 
fessional, a spreadsheet program that 
uses a mouse and pull-down menus. 
The mouse will be included with the 
software package. __ 


moms lor tno Atari 10^1 disk dnves that ~ 
allow true double density The ongm.il 
SpartaDos was totally incompatible 
with Atari DOS versions and was 
strictly command driven. The new 
SpartaDos is packaged as a DOS Cau- 
structian Set. This allows vou to config¬ 
ure the DOS any way you wish. You 
can use a menu or commands. It will 
sense the disk's format (S)'artaPos or 
Atari DOS) and read and write files ac¬ 
cordingly. 


Most exciting for me is the new 
XM301 modem with accompanying 
XE-TERM software on disk. This 
modem is barely larger than a pack of 
cigarettes and features 300 baud, auto¬ 
dial, autoanswer, pulse and tone dial¬ 
ing, and upload/download with or 
without X-modem protocol. All this for 
under $50! I am afraid that so many 
people will scarf these things up that I 
will never get into my favorite BBS's 
again! 


jet*, te Ofay 


xruij«B«i#a t< :uo S3q 3 anrirp 


FOR YOUR ATARI 


ROM 


CPU 


MAIN 



16K 

RAM 


New Spare Part* 
For Atari 
800/400/310 

800 PC8 Set* 

Main, CPU, 10K OS, 
Powar & RAM SKI 
Lets RAM chip* $50 


POWER 


Replacement Printed Circuit Boards (PCS) w/parts 

800 Main. $25 400 Main. $20 810 side . $50 

800 Power. $5 400 Power. $4 810 side w/DS.$75 

CPU w/GTIA.$20 16K RAM .$15 810 Analog $20 

Used CPU . .$15 10KOS .$15 810 Power ... $25 

Power Paks 800/810.$15 ea 800 XL. $25 ea 

Limited quantity used 800 cases & cast shields $40 ea 

Hard to tlnd Integrated Circuits $5. each 

On CPU: GTIA, ANTIC. CITA, CPU 6502. CPU 6511 

On 10K OS: Math ROM 399B, OS ROMs 499B & 599B 

On 800/400 Main: Pokey. 6520 PIA 

On 810 & 850: MPU 6507, PIA 6532. RAM 6810. ROM C 


(408)245-2880 


De Re ATARI (All About ATARI) $15, tells you everything 
you want to know about the ATARI 400 and ATARI 800 
Home Computers, but were afraid to ask. It's an excellent 
resource and training text for professional programmers 
who use ATARI Home Computers and for advanced 
hobbyists who understand ATARI BASIC and assembly 
language. Neither an introductory manual nor a refer¬ 
ence for the computer, De Re ATARI explains the 
concepts behind the internal structure of the ATARI 
Home Computer. 

Topics include graphics indirection, player-missile 
graphics, display list interrupts, scrolling, sound, the 
Operating System, the Disk Operating System, ATARI 
BASIC and CTIA. Extensive appendices, sample pro¬ 
grams, display screens, and diagrams generously 
illustrate the discussions. A glossary defines and 
explains some less commonly encountered terms. 

An added feature is a laminated Programmer's Card con¬ 
taining the most needed tacts and figures about the 
computer. 

810 PCS Set w/side. DS. Power, Analog.$100 

810 Drive Mechanisms Tandon or MPI . $70 

Field Service Manuals 800/400, B00XL or 810 $25. ea 
For 1050 or 1200XL $20 ea For 410 or 835 $15. ea 
Diagnostic Cartridges Computer or Disk $25. ea 
520ST, 130XE. 800, 800XL, 810, 1050, 1030 $CALL 

Books, Modems. Monitors. Printers. Joysticks $CALL 

BASIC XE For 130XE .$70. 

Aventura International Gold Series .$40. 

Software by SSI, OSS, Synapse. LJK. Atari ETC. 

Atari 800/400 Technical Reference Notes ..$20. 

Pilot. Basic. Manuals $5. ea. LOGO ref. manual $12. 

* Special * Happy Upgrades 810 or 1050 $150. ea 


3283 XI’far Rd-, Santa Clara, CA 95051 

Hour*,- Tuesday-Friday 10am-7pm/Sat. lQam-5pm 

Terms: Calil. Rea. add 7% sales tax. Add $5. for snipping We ship.- 

UPS COD. Prepaid or MC/Visa ($50 mm ) No orders under $20 
















i, 


CX21 

CX22 -ir-Trak Ball—Proline 
CX30 Paddle Controller 
CX40 Joysticks 


V/ATW 'V -- . . 

CX40P;7 Joystick Pair (CX40's in one box) 
| CX41 ; #: Joystick Repair Kit 
t CX43^-. Space Age Joystick 
CX75|f ? Light Pen 
CX77*?? Touch Tablet 
CX805> Trak Ball-HCD 
CX85*w- Numeric Keypad 


COMPUTER CABLES 
ANDJACCESSORIES 

CX 82 W ’ Black/White Monitor Cable f 

CX853^;- 16K RAM Module for 800 CorrtpUt 
CX864i' Printer Cable 
CX87‘flv.V Modem Cable 


4V,S»\-<vvJ^"L 


"ATARI PROMOTIONAL ITEMS\ 


Breakout Scarfs 
Breakout Hats 
Centipede Buttons 
Frisbees 




Timewise 


•y CX4129Juggles Rainbow Tape Tape 

Vcx 4130 ®|r Juggles House Tape Tape 

^‘0X4114fflp,' European Cities, Countries Tape 
' *C^411055^'Touch Typing Tape 

' " .'Music Composer Oisk 


CXL4013^'Asteroids 


Basketball 


Centipede 



AED80020& 




fijpk 


tfeSXH 

fc'.i 

aVir-V i* 


/ TOlORDffl 

j Use handy^^ 






or use 


350 


£080062 

ED80066 


AED80067, 


APX 20236 


CX8108 
^CX8126 


Bond Analysis 
Stock Analysis 


Stock Charting 


Microsoft Basic I 


LIMITED I / 





a. 










































































































































The soft 

touch of 
the worm 




A ten shunned 

THE “ten worst computers of 
all time" have been named by 
David Ahl, publisher of the 
American magazine Creative 
Computing, in his monthly 
column in Personal Computer 
World magazine. 

The “bottom ten" include 
the Coleco Adam, Gavilan, 
IBM PC Junior, Mattel 
Aquarius, Sinclair ZX^SO and 
Texas Instruments TI- 
99/4A,. ... to which British 
computer users might add 
such horrors as the Oric 1, 
Sord M5 and Camputers Lynx. 

, Ahl describes tne Aquarius 
as,“so cheesy, Mattel should 
have supplied rubber gloves 
to wear while using it” 

He. was obviously not 
swayed by Personal Compu¬ 
ter^World’s cover feature on 
the Aquarius, published less 
than two years ago. The micro 
was given a colourful six-page 
“benchtest” which concluded 
“the Aquarius is an excellent 
machine.” 


RICHARD STREETER, a 
home computer user and 
engineering director with 
CBS, was browsing through a 
New York bulletin board 
system called Family Ledger 
when a free graphics program 
caught his eye. He down¬ 
loaded it, whereupon it pro- 
ceded to wipe out the 900 files 
on his hard disc, including his 
accounts, word processor and 
games. Damage done, the 
program displayed the mes¬ 
sage "Arf, Arf. Got you." 

So-called “worm" pro¬ 
grams, which'destroy other 
programs and data, are a new 
form of computer vandalism. 
Some of the. development 
work on them has been done 
by reputable companies, who 
see hidden worms.as a way of 
discouraging people, from 
pirating software.- . 

Some , worms are more 
subtle thanJhis disc-buster. 
They do their evil work more 
slowly, corrupting only a few 
files at a time. This enables 
them to stay hidden longer. 

Work is also being done on 
“core wars” .software. The 
aim is to produce programs 
which.tcan. not only destroy 
others,! but defend and. repli¬ 
cate themselves. These might 
even.) have, an ..attraction for 
the military. 

• Streeter’s disaster, is likely 
to have a damaging effect on 
the rapid'growth of. Bulletin 
Boards ana.the circulation of 
free software. . 

Worse still, many of the 
world’s computers, are now 
being joined together in giant 
networks. The prospect of a 
really destructive, self-repli¬ 
cating “worm” being let loose 
makes-the damage done by 
amateur pirates and-ordinary 
hackers seem .trivial by com¬ 
parison; t-, 

- ' .■ . I S ... 



/'w ORDERf^s 

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• or use !Siarll«Mberjana K llst products 1 

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I! 


S/T Applications, 10760 Hwy 116. Foreslvdle. CA 95436 is a 
monthly magazine devoted to the Atari ST. its first issue is 70 pages 
and subscriptions are $25 for 8 issues or $50 fo. 6 issues on disk. The 
first issuo contains a couple of reviews and lists some software cuming 
out for the ST. It also contains some information about the OS. 

The editor admits to no experience in producing a magazine, and this 
first issue is rather poorly photocopied. There is no advertizing, so the 
pages are full of content — which is sure to become more meaty as time 
goes on. I hopo his reproduction improves quickly 

One of the more interesting items in this first issue appears on page 
4 as a “Reader Comment". 

"For those of you who didn't see Computer Current's Aug 27-Sep 
9 issue: On page 43 they tell how some insider at Atari sneaked these 
four icons m among the controf characters as a joke. They make a picture 
of J R "Bob" Oobbs of the Church of the Sub-Genius. He is the invention 
of art students who wanted to create a bogus religion based on flying 
saucers, lunatic conspiracy theories and the occult. One of his sayings 
is "F 'em if they can't take a joke" 

"If you check pages 63 and 65 of your sourcebook for Atari 1ST) 
LOGO, you'll see these icons as chars 28 through 31. if you look carefully. 
They're fust to the right and above the two which make the Atari symbol. 

"$iudy the foilowtog listing isms Um difference between print and 
type. 

TO BOB 

REPEAT 35 ITYPE CHAR 28 TYPE CHAR 29. PR "REPEAT 35 ITYPE 
CHAR 30 TYPE CHAR 311 PR "PR IF - 'EM IF THEY CAN'T TAKE A JOKE ! 
END 

You can aiso print out the Atari logo with this short routine: 

TO ATARI 

REPEAT 25 ITYPE CHAR 14 TYPE CHAR 15 TYPE CHAR 321 
ENO 

Lois Hansen 
Oakland. CA 


SynCalc Templates 

(Synapae, 17 Paul Dr.. San Rafael. Ca. 94903.1 
Tha SynCalc Templatea ara assigned to be used with SynCalc. They 
are 22 ol tha moat commonly uaad ipruadahaet format*. One might have 
to sound houra |ust setting up one ot thesa. They covar everything from 
LINEAR REGRESSION CALCULATIONS. BONO PORTFOLIO 
EVALUATIONS, to COST ANALYSIS OF PAINTING A ROOM, and 
KITCHEN MEASUREMENT CONVERSION TABLES. Thar# is something 
for everyone who uses a computer. 

Not only did Synapse cover the gamut in the different types of 
templates which can be used, but they made them simple to use. The 
instructions Itt into the notebook coming with SynCalc. They |ust make 
up another section to refer to very easily. Apart from the fact that the 
instructions sre essy to use snd resd they cover everything. 

— Ff-rt off they stsrt by telling you how to toed the program once you 
Im TTiHIIWI uBilil Tli in they give you an instruction shset for ssch 
template, even the index not only gives the name of the template but 
tells what it does. 

If you use SynCalc then you need this program as even if the 
templates don't cover what you want they are easy to convert to what 
you do need. 

There it one function of this program which I have not used as yet 
and that is the increased memory which can be used if you have such 
a thing. 

This is a well thought out program which is a useful addition to the 
Synapse series. It they add a word processor to this senes one could 
just buy the series and do about everything one might want with a 
computer. I hope they keep up the good work and bring out more of this 
type of program to update and enhance their other programs. This is 
the type of software which will make the computer a more useful tool 
for ail to use. 

- LARRY GOLD 


ERACE 

WALLY'S WORD WORKS 



DOS 2.5XL 

(Reprint: Feedback. August. 1985. Adelaide. Australia) 

When used with the XE computers, DOS 2-5 can make use of the 
extra memory available as a ramdisk. In addition, both DUPSYS and 
MEM.SAV are stoied on this ramdisk which allows instant access to DOS 
and automatic saving of any program in memory without a (normal) disk 
access. 

This latter feature can be implemented on XL machines with 64k 
of memory by using the RAM behind the operating system ROMs. A 
program to do this with OOS 2.0S was published in number 24 of Analog 
magazine. The program presented here makes the same modification to 
DOS 2.5. 

Type in the program and save it. Now RUN the program and. if you 
have typed it in correctly, you will get the message that the file 
PATCH25.0BJ has been created. If you did not boot your system usmg 
DOS 2.5, do so now. go to the DOS menu and select option L In response 
to the file name request, type PATCH26.0BJ. 

■ losave the patched version of OOS 2.5 use the H option. Now reboot 
your system using the disk containing your patched version ot DOS and 
away you go. 

— Alec Benson 



GARRY KITCHEN'S GAMEMAKER 
The Computer Game Design Kit’" 

“We predict that, without question, this will be one of the biggest soft¬ 
ware programs released from any company this year!"—Computer 
Entertainer 

Have you ever strolled through the game section of your software 
store and felt that your game ideas would be better than the ones on 
the shelf—if only you knew how to program them? Well, here's your 
chance to give it a try. All you need is this easy-to-use programming 
tool that unlocks the secrets of a world-famous game designer and puts 
them at your fingertips. Designed by Cany Kitchen. 

Available for Commodore 64/128, Apple II aeries. Atari 800/XE/XL and 
compatible systems. 




4ce od 95 














BUMPAS REVIEWS 

Our recant local user group meeting was spectacular enough to 
deserve comment here The impressive thing was all the new activity 
aiounti the Aten 130XE and the entire 8 bit line o< Aten computers. 

One company demonstrated a voice recognition system which had 
been developed on the C-64. But the extra memory in the Alan 13QXE 
makes this system work much more efficiently It's very impressive to 
see someone speak "red" into e microphone and have the Atari display 
the culor red on the screen 

Kirt Stockwell demonstrated his company's new product. Mtrtdllnk, 
a high powered BBS. Ralph Waldon demonstrated his new product, an 
implementation of the C language with linker and editor He told us a 
"benchmark" test he ran was faster on his compiled C for the 8-bit Alans 
than with ORl's C language for the STs, and faster than a C language 
he tested on an IBM PCI The $35 he asks for the disk seems very 
reasonable. 

Another product. Upgrade, installs another 64k into your Atari 
130XE to give you a total of 192k of memoryl The software they provide 
permits dynamic assignment of the ramdisk to any drive from 1 to 3. 
They also had an old Atari 800 with memory expanded up to 258ki 
Imagine. An 8-bit Atari with twice the memory of a Macintosh and 
memory equal to the (perhaps soon to appear) C-Amiga! 

The ST sort of took a back teat at this meeting. A HEX game waa 
shown, as well as a demo disk of a game called SUNDOG. 

STuff 

(This wilt be the section tor Si-related material in ACE) 

I’va been appointed “ST Librarian” lor the ACE, and I already have 
three disks ol demo programs, as well as some demo programs 
(advertisements) ol some commercial programs available. If you specify 
color or monochrome. I'll mail you a disk for $15. 

HOW ! MADE AN IBM-ST 
(An ST with 5.25" Disk Drive) 

By David Small, Antic Publishing Inc.. Copyright 1985. 

Reprinted by Permiasion. 

You can read and write IBM PC diska on your Atari ST if you connect 
a 40 track 5.25” disk drive to your 3.5" diek drive . . You cannot uae 
the disk drive from your 8-bit Atari . . . unfeaa it ia an ATR or Parcom 
drive ... They are "induatry standard" drives which communicate via 
standard 34-pin connectors. 

Warning: Before specifying how to hook up a 5.25" drive to your 
ST. we must caution you this is no job for electronics beginners, tbu need 
lo understand and modify the circuitry of whatever 6.25” you ere using. 
Debugging your new system can be e frustrating experience Not only 
that, whan you open your ST drive you'll void the warranty 

Ribbons A Pins: Of the 34 pine in the standard industry connector, 
only about 14 are used. The Atari ST brings these 14 wiies out m a short, 
thick cable which plugs from the ST into the first drive's IN connector. 
This csbie uses s non-standard 14-pin DIN connector, but it carries 
industry standard signals. Our goal ia to get these signets io s standard 
34-pin connector. Theoretically we couid put a 34-pin edge connector 
on one end of e ribbon cable end a 14-pin DIN connector on the other 
and wa have our disk drive cable. However, in practice I can find a 14-pin 
OIN connector. 

Kinky Wiring: Ther^j Another catch. Atari s something kinky 

' g a stii.»J 

pin 6 to OUT connector pin 5 where it becomes drive select for drive 
B. This means Atari ST drives always listen on pin 5 tor select, and the 
daisy chain schema gives the proper drive the correct signal. Thus the 
iwo connectors on the back of the ST drive are not interchangeable, like 
other Atari drives. Plug your ST into the OUT connector and the drive 
won't work. 

Inside the Drive:: The method I choose to use is to tap into the 
signals inside the 3.5” ST drive. Besides voiding your warranty, this will 
probably require you to cut a slot in the drive case for the new ribbon 
cable. If you open up the drive fuse a phillips screwdriver) you'll find the 
14-pin OIN connector expands to Isurprisel) sn industry standard 34-pin 
ribbon cable. Of course, it does this inside the shield to prevent radio 
noise from leaking out. A small circuit board has the two 14-pin 
connectors (IN and OUT) mounted on it, and it connects to the 34-pm 
ribbon cable inside the drive. I put a "tap" from the 34-pin ribbon cable 
in the urive to the 34-pin ribbon cable running to my remote 5.25" drive. 

I then use a 08-40, 40-pm mate and female clamp-on connector to damp 
one side to the ribbon cable and the other to the remote drive's cable. 
Then I plug the two DB-40s together. Ybu don't have to use a 08-40. 
Any clamp-on connector which covers the first 34 pins wiH work fine. 

Pin Swapping: But we re not done yeti We have to jump from pin 
6 of the dIN connect (drive 8 select) to pin 12 of ihe ribbon cable (drive 
B select) to gel this signal across. Otherwise it doesn't show up on the 
34-pm cable. This is easy to do on the bottom ol the 3.5" drive's DIN 
conneci board. 

% 


Oriva B Configuration: Almost done Now we nucd to set the 
rontctlu drive as ilnve U Soinuttines it's called drivu ) or dnve 2 
depending on wlieituii die manufacturer numbers drives at 0 ur 1 Wlmn 
a .hive is idle, a live volt signal dilGHi exists on the BUSY line When 
Ihe computet wains to access thu drive, it pulls down this signal lu /em 
II t IWI When the conipulur le finished Wllh (ha iXivv. II misuses the sign.it 
and die drive ' pulls up" the signal lo ns original live volts. II Iwu doves 
are hooked up, only one may column pull no circuitry hucause die 
Computer can only pull down live volts. Puii up circuitry usually is 
contained in a chip in die drive. And now you am at a point where you 
must know unuugh about youi 5 25" drive to tigure out where die chip 
is. Since the SI drive A contains all the pull-up termination cucuitry we 
need wo must remove termination packs trom the remote drive In the 
cas- ol my Tandun fM 100-2 drive I also need lo deal with the select 
lino termination, since it doesn't go through the resistor pack I have cu 
clip resistor H14 Irom my landon to get rid of the added termination 
Special Note: The ST monnor throws oul s lot ol magnetism. II you don t 
keep your drive at least one foot from the monitor, the disk s heads will 
pick up the monitor s signals end confuse the reed data. You'll 
immediately nonce data error if you get your drive close lo the monitor. 
This is good reason to use a fairly long ribbon cable (3 feet or sol |wo 
haven't noticed this problem in-house — ANTIC EDI. ALL DONE! 

IBM STi . . With an IBM PC disk in that 40 (rack drive, click 
on thu B icuri. It'll puli up thu disk's directoiy into folders and "lext only" 
tiles. You'll nonce on the tup ol the window a PC-DOS lypu ol 
"pathname" consisting of multiple (if needed! folders and a filename. 
GEM simply turns the concept ol pathnames into folder icons and moves 
you through the path by your actions of selectxvg. opening, oi closing 
a folder. Of course, you can't run IBM programs because they are written 
in languages which the ST cannot undei stand. However, you can freely 
copy and use text tiles and the data within them. Furthermore, if you 
write back out (torn the ST to the PC disk, you'll find an IBM has no 
trouble reading what you wrote. 

ATARI - ATT&T DEALT , 

The headline of the lead business story xi the Sept. 9. 1985 issue 
of the San Jose Mercury reports that Atari and AT&T are "hammering 
out a sales deal." AT&T will reportedly be selling Atari ST computers in 
their phone stores. The Mercury credits the story as originating in the 
Washington Post. This report said an agreement is under negotiation 
which will give Aten e major customer for the ST while giving American 
Telephone & Telegraph a low-cost entry into the home and small business 
personal computer market. The ST would be a natural lit into AT&T's 
upscale consumer phone marketing pipeline. 

Naturally, both Atari and AT&T responded with a big "No Comment" 
when asked to confirm that negotiations were going on. But that's 
standard operating procedure at this stage ol the game. 

ANTIC PUBLISHING INC. COPYRIGHT 1985. REPRINTED BY 
PERMISSION. 

TRAMIEL DOES FOR BLOOD IN ATARI "RIP-OFF" AD 

"9/4— According to the latest Adweek, an advertising trade 
rpagaaioe. the next Atari ad takes dead aim at the Mac, the C-Amiga and 

^ ,h, rival computers 

and their suggested list prices. A big headline snouts. "THERE'S ONLY 
ONE WORD FOR THESE PRICES: RIP OFF. " 

"Not exactly Ihe old Atari's Alan Alda warm sell. The ad is lo debut 
in Rolling Stone 9/26 as the latest proof that Jack Iramiel is no shrinking 
violet." 

I really hope such an ad campaign doee not go far. I think the prices 
speak for themselves. We don't need to hear about those other 
computers in Atari ads. Let's hear about what the Atari ST can do that 
the others can't. 




Dragon Claims Speech-Software Succes 


•5^. v ; By Bob Davis 

' Special to Thk Asian Wall Street Journal 

j£(y: NEWTON, Massachusetts — Dragon Sys- 
> terns Inc. said It has developed a software 
' YV* program that appears to enhance 
o \ significantly the ability of personal comput- 
■ ers to recognize human speech. 

The closely held research company said 
it will demonstrate the software program 
today at a New York conference on 
computerized speech. It said the program 
enables International Business Machines 
Corp.’s AT personal computer to recognize 
2,000 words within a second, so the comput¬ 
er can be used for limited dictation. 

Dragon, which licenses voice-recognition 
technology to computer makers, including 
IBM and Apricot Computers PLC, a British 
company, says it expects computer attach¬ 
ments using its technology to appear on the 
market within 18 months and cost roughly 
{3,000 each. 

Difficult Technical Task 
Computer scientists have long been try¬ 
ing to teach computers to understand 
speech in order to make communications 
between man and machine more natural. 
But teaching a computer to recognize the 
difference between "ice cream” and “I 
scream,” for instance, is a difficult techni¬ 
cal task that typically requires powerful 


computers and complex software to solve. 
No computer yet exists that can understand 
speech as well as a child in kindergarten 
can. 

Companies such as IBM and Texas In¬ 
struments Inc. now sell computer boards 
that typically cost more than 11,000 and 
recognize fewer than 100 words at any time. 
ITT Corp. sells a $1,350 computer board 
that it claims recognizes 200 words at a 
time. 

Generally these attachments are used 
only to substitute for keystrokes in a com¬ 
puter program. For instance, a secretary 
writing with a computer could say the word 
“edit” rather than type it in. 

$20 Million Market 

While Dragon’s prograiA is in many 
ways awkward to use, Richard Rabin, a 
speech technology tousultant in Portola 
Valley, California, called the technology a 
“major advance” because it could enable 
workers such as engineers or doctors, who 
use a limited vocabulary of technical terms, 
to dictate memos to a computer without 
using the keyboard. 

Harvey Newquist III, editor of AI 
Trends, an industry newsletter in 
Scottsdale;' Arizona,- estimated the market 
for voice recognition systems is $20 million 
this year. The systems are sold mainly to 


EEC urged to impose tape levy 

BY.IVO OAWNAY IN BRUSSELS ’V.. ”7 Ift / 

JE. EUROPEAN recorded cassettes Is valued at more than these falsely claimed on the 


THE. EUROPEAN recorded 
music and video industries are 
pressing the EEC Commission 
to impose a Community-wide 
levy on all blank audio and 
video cassette sales. - 

The International Federation 
of Phonogram and Videogram 
Producers (Ifpi), representing 
400 EEC companies, says that 
home taping, is coiling the 
music industry $100m (£70m) 
a year in lost.rights. The trade 
in illegally recorded - video 


cassettes Is valued at more than 
$700m. 

A meeting between the Ifpi 
and officials of the European 
Commission this week aimed at 
adding a European dimension 
to national campaigns for levies 
on blank tapes. The federation 
also called for action against 
counterfeit recordings. 

It pointed out as an example 
that more than 30 illegal 
recordings have been found of 
the Live Aid fund-raising single 
We Are The World. Many of 


these falsely claimed on their 
labels that royalties would be 
paid to the famine relief fund. 

The Commission is scheduled 
to produce a discusion docu¬ 
ment on counterfeiting and 
illegal taping by the end of 
this year. So far, only France 
and West Germany have intro¬ 
duced levies on blank audio 
and video tape. However, the 
UK Government is,believed to 
be looking at a plant to impose 
levies of 25p on video cassettes 
and lOp on audio cassettes. 


handicapped users and computer hobby 

David Pallett, a scientist at the Natii 
Bureau of Standards' Institute for Com 
er Sciences and Technology, which deve 
procedures for evaluating voice-recogni 
systems, said the Dragon system appes 
to be an advance over current technol 
because it recognized more words t 
current models do, and it didn’t rely 
costly customized computer chips. 1 
could save manufacturers “a couple of I 
dred dollars,” he said. 

But the Dragon system only recogn: 
the speech of a single speaker, who rr 
“train” the system by repeating each w 
in the system's vocabulary several tin 
When using the system for dictation, 
speaker must pause between each word. 

The software then compares each w 
with a model of how the speaker previoi 
pronounced the word and a model of 
English language. The latter model he 
the system select which word Is most lik 
to appear in a given sentence. 

Faster Than Longhand 

James Baker, Dragon’s chairman i 
chief executive officer, said the systi 
operates at a rate of about 25 words 
minute — including speaking into the n 
chine, pausing, and having the systi 
recognize the word and display it on l 
monitor. "It’s faster than I can do 
longhand,” he said. 

Dragon is a 15-person speech-reseai 
company headed by Mr. Baker, who is 
years old, and his wife, Janet, 38, who is t 
company’s president. Mr. and Mrs. Bai 
met while studying speech technology 
Rockefeller University and worked togetii 
for a time at IBM as speech researchers. 

Despite its strengths, Dragon won't ha 
an easy time commercializing its techno 
gy. Mrs. Baker said that Dragon hasn’t aj 
intention of producing voice-recognition s> 
terns itself, but must find computer cor 
oanies that want to license from Drag! 
ind will incorporate Dragon technology in 
vord-processing software and other compt 
:r programs. 



Doubts on tape levy plan 

BY DAVIDCHUaCHIU- ; It ki jpg' 

>LANS TO Introduee a levw on hO per cent of the 85m'blah 


BY DAVID CHURCHILL ; " 

FLANS TO introduce aT levy on 
blank video and audio'tapes are 
under review in Whitehall 
following concern that it might 
be seen as a tax on consumer 
spending. 

The idea for a 25p levy on 
blank video cassettes and a lOp 
levy on blank audio tapes was 
put earlier this year in a Green 
Paper on copyright reform. The 
music and film industries say 
the unauthorised home taping 
of copyright video and audio 
material costs them many 
millions of pounds each year in 
lost sales. 

The UK record industry, 
which has long campaigned for 
a levy on blank audio cassette 
tapes, believes that as much as 


90 per cent of thte 85m 1 blank 
: audio tapes sold each year are 
used by consumers to record 
music at home. 

Tape manufacturers, however, 
believe that a levy could harm 
sales of blank tapes used for 
educational and other purposes 
unconnected with home taping 
of copyrighted material. 

The levy plans are being con¬ 
sidered by the Department of 
Trade and Industry which is 
drafting a White Paper on copy¬ 
right reform. 

It is understood that some 
ministers, including the Prime 
Minister, are concerned that the 
levy could prove unpopular with 
young voters In the run-up to 
the next general election. 


John Segal 









Pulling computer-copycats’ claws 


High-Tech Advances Resurrect 


Idea of Electron^ 

j- . By Timothy K. Smith 

•-f Special to The Asian Wall Street Journal 

ATLANTA — When Monsanto Co. built 
its House" of the Future at Disneyland in 
1957, the company was guessing that one 
day people would want to live in homes 
made entirely of plastic. 

Mercifully, the plastic house was demo¬ 
lished in 1967, but some of its innovations 
eventually made their way to the mass, 
market — most notably, a futuristic tele¬ 
phone with square push buttons instead of a 
dial. 

Now, technological advances are resur¬ 
recting another element of the Monsanto 
house: electronic control of just about every 
device in the home. Several computer com¬ 
panies and builders are guessing that one 
day people will want to live in homes that 
think. 

Rudimentary devices that control light¬ 
ing, heating and cooling, burglar alarms 
and almost anything else that consumes 
electricity have been available for years. 
But the spreading use of home computers 
raises the prospect of homeowners operat¬ 
ing a wide array of more sophisticated —and 
expensive — devices from a single control 
center. - 

A person could, for instance, arrange 
sensors to sound an alarm if an infant’s 
breathing stops or Have a mixer prepare a 
strawberry daiquiri precisely at six every 
evening. 

The systems cost from $1,500 to $3,000 
and, in theory, can make a house safer and- 
more comfortable and pay for themselves in 
energy savings. 

‘Common as Dishwashers’ 

‘These things are going to be as com¬ 
monplace as dishwashers,” says Ken 
Weller, a developer who just finished build¬ 
ing 44 computerized houses in Fontana, 
California. 

Still, the technology is in its infancy, and 
some experts warn that, at least for the 
time being, the systems may be suitable 
only for the computer-literate wealthy. 
‘They are appropriate for people who have 
money. who like technology and who have a 
very large house,” says Ray Schott, an 
analyst at the National Center for Appropri¬ 
ate Technology in Butte, Montana. 

Additionally, while the potential uses of 
computer control in a house are almost 
unlimited, the potential problems are just 
as numerous. Software bugs or home elec¬ 
trical-current glitches could turn on the 
sprinkler during a garden party, switch the 
neighbor’s lights off or summon fire trucks 
unnecessarily. 

■ Most of the systems work like this: 
Lamps, air conditioners or anything else to 
be controlled are plugged into little boxes 
that in turn are plugged into wall sockets. 
The little boxes receive instructions, over 
existing house wiring, from a larger box 


ic Home Controls 

that itself receives and remembers Instruc¬ 
tions from a personal computer. 

The systems customarily are used to 
. “schedule” electrical events in a house. A 
homeowner might program the furnace to 
turn off at night, heat the house for two 
hours in the morning and turn off again 
during the day. A random-looking pattern of 
lights and radios going on and off through¬ 
out the day could make the house appear 
occupied. If the homeowner lives in an area 
where utility rates are lower during off- 
peak hours, the dishwasher could be pro¬ 
grammed to do the dishes at midnight. 

A Cool Reception 

David Poe has a system that’s a little 
more elaborate. When someone approaches 
the front door of his house in Tampa, 
Florida, the computer sees.him coming and 
takes his picture. 

Then it asks thg visitor a few questions 
in a synthesized voice and asks Mr. Poe if 
he wants to let the visitor in. If Mr. Poe 
says "yes,” the computer opens the door. 

Mr. Poe, who is disabled, installed the 
system himself, using parts he bought from 
several manufacturers. Among other things, 
the system has motion and pressure sensors 
that turn the lights on when a person enters 
a room and tum' them off when he leaves. 

“That's a tremendous savings when you 
have five children who tend to leave lights 
on,” he says. 

Mr. Poe also has programmed his water 
heater to run only at certain times of the 
day for a total of about 75 minutes. “I was 
spending in the neighborhood of $300 to $400 
a month on electricity, and now I’m down to 
about $185,” he says. 

But Mr. Poe warns that even though 
most home-control systems are designed to 
be easy to program, “you’ve got to know 
your computer.” He says he spent 14 
months on research and years experiment¬ 
ing to get his system working right. Cheap 
components, he says, have also been a 
problem. “I’ve had some that have gone 
‘kablooie’ right away,” he says. 

The technology that allows these systems 
to communicate over existing power lines 
makes them affordable, because it elimi¬ 
nates the expense of running wires. But that 
advantage can also be a source of trouble. 
Power lines are exceptionally "noisy” —that 
is, full of electrical traffic that can confuse 
a computer signal. 

Also, signals will travel along power 
lines until they reach a particular kind of 
filter. If the system is installed incorrectly, 
that filter could be in a neighbor’s kitchen. 

Another problem is that some home ap¬ 
pliances just don’t like being told what to do 
by a computer. Electromechanical devices 
usually have some ability to regulate them¬ 
selves, and interfering could damage their 
efficiency. 


Britain's software writers have griped for 
years that illicit copying of their pro¬ 
grammes was hitting profits—to the tune 
of £ 150m (SI95in) a year, on latest 
estimates. The industry is now cam¬ 
paigning for changes in the law to make 
things harder for the pirates. So far, the 
scale of the problem has been a matter of 
guesswork. Some unpublished research 
now gives believable tigures and makes it 
easier to see what might be done. 

Copyright piracy takes two main 
forms. Commercially, the more impor¬ 
tant is “seepage”, or casual copying— 
the new playground game that grown¬ 
ups can play too. Less serious so far for 
the software houses is counterfeiting, 
when identical copies of programmes 
and their packaging are made. 

A research team at Newcastle Poly¬ 
technic questioned 365 companies that 
write and publish software about the 
extent of piracy. Initial results suggested 
that the industry might have exaggerated 
the problem. 

Just over half the firms said they w-ere 
conscious of piracy of their products; less 
than a third said they were suffering 
measurable financial loss. Plenty 
thought they could stop the pirates with¬ 
out legal proceedings. More than three 
quarters of all respondents thought that 
their losses were below average. Some of j 
them may have believed that piracy was; 
a big threat without having-any direct y 
experience of it themselves. ; 

Closer examination shows that there is; 
a real problem, but a narrow one. The ; 
Newcastle study shows losses of £4.8m: 
from counterfeiting, of which £4.49m 
was accounted for by only 10 firms. 
Some £14.38m was lost through seepage, 
£8.5m from 15 firms. Nine of the 10 
counterf eited firms. and 12 of the 15 
seepaged ones, make computer games. 

So piracy seems to be mainly a prob¬ 
lem in the high-volume, low-added-vai- , 
ue market. Those software houses that 
specialise in expensive packages with 
commercial and industrial applications 
can afford to be more sanguine. 

But the computer-entertainment mar¬ 
ket is a big one, and its growth will, the 
British government hopes, breed com¬ 
puter literacy for a high-tech industrial 
future. How should it be protected? 

The industry’s answer is simple. Make 
it clear that software is subject to copy- j 
right protection (at present the law is : 
confused) and step up the penalties for 
copying in breach of copyright. The 
software people say that similar action 
on videotapes last year has had a dramat¬ 
ic effect. Illicit video taping can now 
attract fines of up to £1,000 per article. 
That has cut the proportion of the video .' 
market that is pirated from 80% two 
years ago to 20% now. Still high, but 
more bearable. 


THE ECONOMIST SEPTEMBER 8.1! 


A ATARI 




l WvU ic 

(5 I $j, tviijj/ \w&p\\si, ifi IH/ifi s 

<)W Wtyhi* wd f»^ umMER 

19b; 


UMMER 1985 


DEPARTMENTS I FEATURES /fr t 


2 INSIDE NEWS 

9 INPUT/OUTPUT 
Letters from our readers. 

11 USER FRIENDLY 
JACG is our featured users' group. On 
page 47 there is the Users' Group List 
update, with address changes and new 
additions to our last list. 


14 NEWS YOU CAN USE_ 

Video Titiers, the Atari BBS, how 
teachers can learn. 



IEWR™ irWARD'TOlWlij 

*500 $500 Sion 


24 ATARI EXPLORERS 
Sherlock Bones, finder of lost pets. 

26 EDUCATION 

Some software discoveries, plus one 

man's opinion. 

44' GAME REVIEWS 

Blue Max 2001, Computer Ambush, 

and Bounty Bob Strikes Back. 

60 LOGO NOTIONS 
Player-missile graphics from Logo. 

69 ATARI BOOKSHELF 

Bill Wilkinson discusses the best Atari 

software guidebooks. 



ST GRAPHICS 

Using the ST's graphics from Logo and from the GEM VD1. 


THE GAMES OF SUMMER 
Summer sports are in season. Here's a 
look at some of the best sports games 
for those rainy days. 

19 

CES UPDATE 

A CES floor report from a member of 
the Chicagoland users group who 
worked in the Atari Booth. 


34 

WORD PROCESSING 
A comprehensive look at word pro¬ 
cessing. Find out what features and 
which programs you need. 

72 

HEAD TO HEAD GAMES 
A special report on two-player games. 


22 

BILL BOWMAN/HOME BANKING 
An interview with the chairman of Spin¬ 
naker, plus the latest on remote bank¬ 
ing. 

31 

ERIE CABLE SYSTEM 

How one school system saved $20,000 

with one Atari 800. 

32 

ATARISOFT INTERVIEW 
AtariSoft President Sig Hartmann and 
his staff give us a look at what's ahead. 


mdk SECTION 

f 49 ititRODUCING ROlU 

• All about Canada's premiere Atari mag- - 
itfzinei.. 

HORIZONTAL SCROLL 
- The first part of a series on screen ani- 
.lhation deals with scrolling sideways. 
57 CIO 

Get more speed and flexibility out of 

• disk and cassette access by using the 
. built-in OO routines 


SUMMER 1985 ATARI EXPLORER - 1 







ascription Order Line 
(In NC 919-275-9809) 


COMPUTE!' Pubiiccitbns ( !na® 

OnaoMtw ABC PubltaMng Companfo* 

ABC PubdsWog, Pr*skl«T<, Robert O. Burton_ 

1330 Avarue o<the Amedeos. New 'ittk. New vt«* 1C019 

Address all Inquiries to: 

nri o—iw CXAA CraenttWft 574D3 


COMPUTE The Journal for Progressive Computing (DSPS: 53725#) Is pubfisshed monthly by 
COMPUTE! Publications, Inc., P.O. Bo* 5406. Greensboro, NC 27403 USA. Phoneee (919) 2 75-9809 . 
Editorial Offices are located at 324 West Wendover Avenue, Creensbore, NC -27408. DmMsric 
Subscriptions: 12 issues, $24. Send subscription orders or change of address (P.'iO. form 3579) to 
COMPUTE! Magazine, P.O. Box 10954, Des Moines. IA 50340. Second das*. .ptBtige paid at 
Greensboro, NC 27403 and additional mailing offices. Entire consents copy*Tight ©1985 by 
COMPUTE! Publications, Inc. All rights reserved, ISSN 0154-357X. , s 


FEATURES 


16 The Amiga: An In-Depth Review .. ■ • • 

30 The Electronic University ... wSa'ms 

38 Word Search . Michael B. Williams 


50 The 


Last Warrior .-.David Engebretsen 


REVIEWS 


61 Rescue on Fractalusl and Ballblazer . 

S MT. 

64 Jr- Draw for PCjr .Norm Cohen 

COLUMNS AND DEPARTMENTS 

a Thfl Editor's Notes .Robert Lock and Richard Mansfield 

10 Readers' Feedback . The Editors and Readers of COMPUTE! 

65 HOTWARE: Software Best Sellers...• — • • • •; . ■ • 

103 The Beginner's Page: Forget Your Algebra . Tom R, Haimffl 

104 Computers and Society: ,. _ _ , 

Compilers, Interpreters, and Flow: Conclusion . David D, Thornburg 

105 Telecomputing Today—SIG Wars . Arlan R. Levitan 

106 The World Inside the Computer: - 

A Robot Toddler...• * .. ; 

107 IBM Personal Computing: The Mysterious Editors .Donald B.Trivette 

108 Programming the Tl: The OPEN Statement . C. Regena 

110 INSIGHT: Atari—Using Serial Input/Output.... 9i,! Wilkinson 


THE JOURNAL 


/Jo 


113 128 Sound and Music, Part 2.. • WMBp K !Nelson 

117 Easy Apple Screen Editing... Roland Brown 


66 Commodore 64 Memory Manager.... 

76 Saving Time and Memory: An Atari Variable Utility 

80 Commodore 64 Disk Commander . 

B4 Apple Fractals .'. 

87 Chess for IBM PC & PCjr. 

92 Commodore Bootstrapping . 

95 Atari Animation with P/M Graphics, Part 1 . 

98 All About IBM Batch Files, Part 1 . 

112 Jump Search . 


,.. Robert Lee 
P, E. Thompson 
Michael Kunkel 
Paul W. Carlson 
.. John Krause 
. Jim Butterfield 
Robert J. Powell 
G. Russ Davies 
Jerry Sturdivant 


OMPUTEI’s Guide to Typing In Program* 
ILX Machine Language Entry Program tor 
ommodore 64 and Atari 
lew* & Products 
Classified 

CAPUTEt Modifications or Corrections to 
revlous Articles toll free s 

advertisers Index *' 800-334-086 


NOTE: Se» Dogo 70 
be(of« typing m 
program*. 


70 

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