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Wellington Atari Computer Enthusiasts 

Telephone: 793-363 

Telephone: 736-716 

P.O.Box 16011 

jJ C T U 8 E R ,i 1 A;-! 

Dear members.. 

Herewith the latest newsletter from WACE. There is, I fear, little 

point in apolosiirins for the October newsletter becoming avaiiahle in 
November- but what else can one expect in a civil service town?" 


Once asain.■ the venue will be the "Loaves and Fishes", which is 
located behind the Anglican Cathedral in Molesworth Street in central 
Wellington. We continue to hold our of meetings on the second 
Wednesday of the month fie 13th November> and once again the doors 
will open at 7.39Pm, with the formal meeting beginning at 8.90pm. 
Committee members will again be wearing labels, so you will know who 
to com p 1ain to! 

The meeting will feature: 

<a)the long promised discussion on Spreadsheets, using "Visicalc" as 

a base.Spreadsheets are handy tools for Planning personai and .. 

business finances' they allow one, for example, to budget months nr 
years ahead using "what if" techniques to generate forecasts under a 
number of scenarios.: 

<b>Interfaces for modems and printers will be discussed. With the 
Htari 8b9 being in lamentably short supply, substitutes have taken 
over the market' their virtues and their vices will he noted, fl’pri^e 
may be given for the "best" horror story; 

<c.)Provided his disk drive is repaired in time, Ross Palmer will 
display and discuss some of the Action! programmes on a recently 
received disk from Jacksonville ACE; 

<d>the monthly club tape and disk will be demonstrated, a« 
f hope fu11y) will DISK10 f rom c1ub disk 6. 



Disk #19 is user friendly: on loading, it goes immediately to .a menu. 
Any residual loading problems should be obviated by resort to the 
"Help" file. Programmes of note include Trickytrack, Kaleidoscope and 
Crickets, while "Automatic Proofreader" helps in the typing in of 
Compute! Programmes. Turntables is an educational game with an 
inte resting twist. 


A C30, the tape shares some o 
Trickytrack and Kaleidoscope, 
confidence that it is better 

f the P;ro-arammes on the disk., such as 
Other programmes give the tape‘‘3 compiler 
value than the disk! 


Chris Caudwell is willing to run a SIG on the use of the 
"Assembler/Editor" cartridge (that is to say , he_wishes to Pick your 
brains). First dozen or so to ring Chris on ph 733220 get to take part 

Similarly, Rogan Maxwell will ORGANize <get it?) a SIG on the Music 
cartridge. Again, ring Rogan on ph SS88S7. 

Volunteers to run, and/or suggestions of topics for, other SIGs are 
urgently called for. Please contact any Committee member. 


The flow of Antic magazines to WfiCE has resumed, the delay being caused 
by"the Publishers believing that Wellington is a city of Australia! 
Until Antic remedy their insulting error, we are dependent on the 
efficiency a.nd charity of the Australian Post office. Analog ma.gazine 
is still slow to arrive. 


The September Analog has a letter suggesting that since Atari's 
Translator B is, in essence, exactly the Revision B OS, I have never 
found it to fail in solving a compatibility problem that was XL 
sensitive. "Does this mean that those unfortunates with "Printshop" and 
the old 400/800's (with their Rev A OS's) have the answer to their 

That's it, see you on 13 November, 
Des Rowe 


During the August school holidays Murray and I spent four days in Auckland with 
a combined Monaco/Classroom Computers display at the NZ Compfter Education Society 
conference. It was frustrating to see the school software being offered by our 
RIVALS with their big displays and high-powered salesmen; and indeed most of the 
teachers there were already using Apples, Commodores, IBM PCs or BBCs . Still we 
were at least there, and Monaco put some, effort into providing hardware and support. 

Probably the most useful aspect of the trip was the chance to make contact with 
a keen Atari man from Te Atatu Intermediate. Ken had written direct to Atari to ask 
for classroom-oriented software, had had his letter forwarded to a company whose 
material looked promising, and had imported some and become their agent. Much of it 
is disc-based, but with DDs now at $475 we can't complain too much. If you are 
interested in seeing his catalogue, contact me. 

He also hopes to do something towards putting Atari teachers in contact with one 
another. We pored over the Atari Teachers' Network newsletters and. have begun lists 
of teachers. We also noted interesting software reviewed in that publication, and 
I've written to try and acquire some of it. 

Don't anyone say AXIOM printers in my hearing. The story, insofar as it can be 
condensed for a family magazine, goes something like this: 

Oct '84: penfriend in USA got Axiom to send me quotes for printer interfaces. They 
included brochures and dealer price lists for direct-connect printers. But we prefer 
interfaces that don't need a separate power supply (right, John?) and I left it. 

June '8w: I wrote for cost of importing 10 direct-connect printers, and spoke to two 
other retailers about sharing a consignment. 

July: Asked friend to phone about possibility of importing one printer airfreight, 
and sent her $300US. y ' 

Early September: Friend had called several times before someone prepared to take an 
interest said he'd phone me and call her back, but she'd heard nothing more. 

Rose early three times and called P-to-P: fellow was always out of town. 

Left a message for him to call me any time that week, 5-6.30 our time. Stayed near 
phone in sleeping bag: no call. 

Called again and spoke to his secretary. Asked her cost of air-freighting one 
printer: could she call me back at 11 am two days later? 

She did, but at 10 am (5 am here). The printer concerned was no longer being 
marketed, and in any case "we do not despatch to overseas locations". 

Anyone want to buy a Logitec? 

A few days with Ron's Plotter Printer, for which I was very grateful, proved 
that it will print Logo graphics as well as word-processing. At $149 it could be 
useful in a primary classroom. BUT its documentation is very poor. Using 
Atari Writer I haven't succeeded in getting the 20-column size script, which would be 
good with juniors, either by CTRL-027 routines or by setting up the printer before 
beginning word-processing. Would anyone like to tackle that technicality for me? 

Logo has at last arrived, w ith manuals, at a more sensible price of $129. That 
took almost a year. 

And finally, the other good news is that Monaco now have a local service agent. 
Among other things, he's enjoying himself doubling the strength of cassette buttons 
by drilling up the weak stem and inserting a steel pin. 

A reminder: I bring printer paper to clubnights if anyone Hants it) I also keep 
Logitec/Panasonic ribbon cartridges, and Hhen I get cassette buttons again I'll have 

.those th me too. ^ CLASSROOM COMPUTERS LTD., 

'T-. r 





mz\ WAY, 


Continuous Fanfo 1 d Lineflo paper 
now available at the best price 
you/11 see for a lon'3 time. 

USFi standard R4 - 60 gram.. 279x225mm 
$43.58 Pe r 2000 sheets 

HZ standard R4 - 70 gram.. 297x210mm 
$62.30 per 2000 sheets 

For further information Phone : 

Neil Upton or Bruce Tinsley during 
business hours., on 735-979 

rfe/pc Send the Computer Makers 

Back to the Drawing Board 

By Jack Falvey 

Some funny things seem to be happen¬ 
ing in the midst of the computer revolt, 
tion: The IBM PCjr dies an early death. 
Digital Equipment Corp.’s Rainbow fades 
away without producing its pot of gold. 
Apple Computer discontinues operations 
in its Macintosh XL orchard, and there 
is a softness in demand for these ma¬ 
chines of the future. 

Manager’s Journal 

Each company has its own set of 
specific reasons for product withdrawals, 
but perhaps there are some fundamental 
forces at work that are not being read 
well by the screen-and-keyboard group. 
We are told that with the right software 
the future is in' sight. But that approach 
has been backward from the beginning. 
The software is being created to try to 
make the hardware useful. The market has 
not gone soft, the product has just failed 
to deliver benefits that are worth buying. * 
One manager, when faced with a new- 
product decision, turned to his trusty 
personal computer and plugged in the 
numbers. The answer came back “no 
go.” What was needed was a qualitative 
subjective risk evaluation that couldn’t j 
ho nmmmmed. He proceeded to kill a 
project that set his division back seven 
years. A better application of high tec! 
nology would have been some circuitr 
to maintain a more workable enviror 
ment in his 80-degree office. 

A small-company president made th 
decision to computerize his firm. He ha 
a special room built, leased state-of-th« 
art equipment, hired an operator am 
then had to go back on the road sellin; 
to generate enough revenue to keep hi. 
system running. The promises made b; 
the supplier of the equipment could no 
be made to come true. 

The chief executive officer of-a publii 
warehouse spent more than S80.000 ant 
six months’ time trying to get a compu 
terized inventory-control system up anc 
running. Between consultants, software 
specialists, sales agents and the manu 
facturer, he ran an endless treadmill, 
with each participant finding something 
wrong with the other parts of his pack¬ 
age. They just couldn't get the thing to run. 
It will be a long time before he comes 
back into the computer market again. 

V The computer may be suffering from 
a’case of mistaken identity. The comput¬ 
ers on the TV commercials that run hat 
and roller-skate businesses with stacks of 
general-purpose software are as fictional 
as the storybooks and sets they populate. 
Nevertheless, as a dedicated machine, it 
and its variations are finding their place 
in our everyday lives. When a computer 
is set up to do one specific task and is 

tailored for that task, it then is more 
likely to live up to its promise and 
potential. It's only when the computer is 
offered in a general purpose, one-size- 
fits-all configuration that it comes up far 
short. The personal computer in the 
home, small office, school and general 
business has failed to deliver. 

The advantages of dedicated vs. 
general-purpose computers are many. 
Auto companies are rapidly becoming 
the largest computer makers in absolute 
numbers. Three or four computerized 
systems have found their way into each 
new car. One runs the ignition and com¬ 
bustion process, one runs heating and air 
conditioning, one runs cruise control, and 
one presents display information on the 
dashboard. No car has yet been equipped 
with a general-purpose central processor. 
Small keyboards were tried for trip com¬ 
puters and soon were discontinued. The 
auto companies resisted the temptation 
and cost of adding video games and 
word processing to your car. Each sys¬ 
tem produces a useful result. If a system 
isn't worth the price or the benefit isn’t 
’ needed, it doesn't sell. 

While the personal computer remains 
dark in the den of most homes, a cable- 
TV system and videocassette recorder 
builds a library of video tapes almost 
unaided. These dedicated systems are all 
around us. They have no keys or 
screens: They check our credit cards 
with a magnetic strip reader: they total 
our groceries with a scanner. Think of 

the paradox of the teen-ager suffering 
through a computer-literacy class with 
an ancient Apple He and then reporting 
for work after school at the supermarket 
to run the latest state-of-the-art holo¬ 
graphic computer equipment in the 
checkout line. No literacy necessary. 

Joseph Weizenbaum, a Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology computer-science 
professor, states: "Computer literacy is 
basically a disease that was invented 
when it became necessary to market the 
cure"—computers. The computer as a 
teaching machine has yet to arrive. What 
is the logic behind asking children with 
random access and almost infinite mem¬ 
ory systems to somehow adapt them¬ 
selves to these linear limited machines? 
General-purpose applications in school, 
have failed to deliver useful benefits 
except in isolated cases, and consumers 
are now sending that message back to 
the manufacturers. 

If the application is big enough to 
justify and fund special systems that can 
achieve results that will cover costs and 
produce profits, then it becomes appar¬ 
ent that the future of the dedicated 
computer is bright indeed. 

If you see a dark screen in your 
office, be just as critical as the plant 
manager who sees an unused machine. 
Machine tools often are not justified until 
used on a second or third shift. Do your 

personal computers measure up to the 
same standards? Linking machines that 
are seldom in use in networks must be 
questioned out of hand. If you have a 
dedicated use for a computer and it will 
be in action four to six hours a day, it 
then begins to justify itself. Dedicated 
word processors have found their home 
in the office just because of this fact. 
But using a J10,000-plus computer as a 
word processor in place of a typewriter 
is like using a chain saw to prune your 
house plants. 

It may just be possible that the com¬ 
puter revolution is alive and well. It’s 
just that the revolutionaries have to take 
a new look at where they are going and 
how they are going to get there. They 
have over-promised and under-delivered. 
Dedicated systems and computerized 
controls and devices are working. The 
market will become firm again when the 
product becomes useful. 

Mr. Falvey is a management consul¬ 
tant and writer in Londonderry, New 
Hampshire. . 


it 4‘/ 2 years old, pupils doing 
i Let’s Count computer 
ogram know exactly when 
«hey have to press the button to 
hear the Drunken Sailor music. 
From the age of six, after some. 
old-fashioned learning to write 
with pencils and paper, they 
make up stories about pirates 
and kittens on the screens of 
.'their classroom microcomput- 
•3 ers. By 10, they are developing 
<1 computer fact-files. . A 
Now Cathy Conlin’s pupils at 
Norton Glebe, an infant and. 
primary school in Stockton on 
Tees, are set for another giant 
step. Later this month, the 10- 7. 
and 11-year-olds begin a satel¬ 
lite ,correspondence with , chil¬ 
dren in San Diego, California. 

, The Norton Glebe kids may 
be at the forefront of the 
computer revolution, in British 
schools, but their easy famili¬ 
arity with. technology that 
terrifies many adults is far from 
unique. Despite the disenchant¬ 
ment with much of the avail¬ 
able educational software, mic¬ 
ros are now common in the, 

. The schools have concen-. 
trated.up till now on getting the 
hardwire, and enough software 
and, teacher-training to make 
use? of it. So, what happens 
next? Will micros become just a 
useful adjunct to the existing 
school system? 

. A, radically different view is 
taken by Cathy Conlin and 
Tom Stonier, professor of 
science and society at Bradford 
University, in a book published 
last week. They believe com¬ 
puters presage the first genuine 
classroom revolution since the 
Victorians created mass edu¬ 
cation a century ago. 

Their book is entitled The 
Three Cs - Children, Com¬ 
puters, and Communications* 
(John Wiles and Sons, £7.50), It 
is not for the sceptics (who 
believe Computers in school are 
a passing gimmick), nor for the 
critics (who fear they tend to. 
dehumanise vulnerable little 
minds). The authors write: 
“During the 1980s, there will 
emerge powerful microcomput¬ 
er-based education systems 
which, by the end of the 
century, will shift much of the 
education, system from school- 

* „ - ' -.. W .... i-uiVIOHJ, oyo IV. 

puters are "interactive”, fan, 
endlessly patient and able to 
tailor education to individual 
needs. They will, develop chil¬ 
dren’s intellectual skills and- 
enhance the creative impulse. 
They are not, the authors 
maintain; an isolating influence: 
“Education is communication,” 
says Conlin, “and computers, 
are a marvellous way of 
teaching children to communi¬ 

She stresses, . however - , that 
children taught at home by the 
computer-based method would 

still attend school some of the 
time, for socialisation. 

Conlin doubts that home- 
based computerised education 
would automatically favour 
middle-class children. This 
view - though not the book’s 
enthusiasm for home-based 
education is shared by 
Howard Curtis, adviser for 
computer education in deve- 

■“It’s often the professional 
parents who are more sceptical 
about technology”, he says. 

The book’s authors concede 

based back to home-based. In l 
short, home will become the >' 
place to go to learn and school • : 
where you go to play.” 

Anticipating howls of protest , 
from working mothers - Conlin 
herself has five children, and 
worked throughout their young . 
years - the book proposes a new r 
kind of teacher, grandparents. It . 
is envisaged they would work 
10 to 15 hours a week with pairs Y 
of children at home, using ; 
computers provided by the 
state. . '• 

The book says that com- 

that the present, generally poor. 1 
quality of educational , software- 
must be improved before all 
this can happen. The govern- 
ment s decision to wind up its 
Microelectronics Education 
Programme next March will not 
advance the cause. 

,Another difficulty they ac¬ 
knowledge is the lack of 
hveware - trained teachers; 
administrators and parents. But 
the real hurdle, they stress, js 
the lack of basic research into 
tne progress of computer-aided 
learning. The Norton Glebe 

Sf e J ,n V^ th 9 a,ifornia » 

part of the effort to fill that huge 
gap in knowledge. _ 

The “link” is in fact ja 
research project,, to be mortif 
tored by a developmental 
psychologist from Durham 
University, Dr Charles Crook; 

He believes that more research 
like this is urgently needed, j i 
“There’s a real, risk that 
individual schools and teachers 
will become disillusioned, that 
bad material will be produced; 
and that the great potential will 
slow down,” says Crook. j j 
At Norton Glebe, at least; 
there is little evidence of 
disillusion. For the youthful 
computer buffs there, the micro 
is simply a fact of life that 
makes lessons more fun. “It 
types everything out clearly for 
you, and that shows it’s nice 
and friendly,” says Lindsay, lO.j 
Even so, there remains 
something ■ chilling about the 
reference in The Three Cs to a 
Californian 10-year-old, who, 
wanted to have the computer 
chat with him and “solve 
personal problems”. The book 
talks also of computers offering 
“an infinitely patient, friendly, 
entertaining set of pro- 
grammes”. Whatever happened :”ATARl”-400 
to infinitely patient, friendly; 
entertaining teachers? 




a guide to 
ATARI - 400/800' 
personal computers 

Chris Tight 


News and Reviews 

by Mike Dunn, C>) tduuf 

Many of ouf members bought the new Atari 520ST computers and 
are very happy with them. Some did not work after the trip overseas, 
but all could be fixed by re seating the chips. Atari is to be congratulated 
for helping user groups to fix their computers and giving advice over the 
phone on how to do so. A tetter just received from Atari states that BASIC 
is almost ready to ship as well as the upgrade ROM; both will be sent 
tree of charge to those who bought their ST through the club. Jim 
Bumpas will be in charge of the ST info since he bought one and I didn't. 

Software for the ST is being announced at a rapid rate; the newest is 
by Batteries Included (17875 Skypark North. Suite P. Irvine. CA 92714.1 
Called The Isgur Portfolio System it is a very elaborate stock market 
program. including tax implications, what if abilities, 
Telecommunications, etc. It costs $250 and is for the I8M-PC and the 

Two interesting new devices are announced this month. One is 
Computereyes (Digital Vision. 14 Oak St 42, Needham, Ma 02192,1, a 
$130 interface to attach a video camera or TV to your Atari to obtain 
digitized pictures. Larry Gold will report more about this. The other is i 

$3500 fingerprint biometric verification and identification system that 
reads your fingerprints and verifies it before you can use your computer. 

Called the RidgeReadar (Command Productions. 62 Bowman. Rye 
Brook. NY 105731 it is |ust the thing to keep the kids from playing games 
on your Atari when they should be studying. 

TAB Books (POB 40. Blue Ridge Summit. PA 172141 has just released 
their new 96 page catalog of technical books. If you're are not familiar 
with TAB. (hey pul out technical books on just about any subject you 
can think of, from computers to the story ol the Lotus car; from books 
on the Atari to how to repair clocks. An example is a book they recently 
sent to me to review — Computer Technicians Handbook by Art 
Margolis ($17, 500 pagesl. It begins by explaining how computers work, 
tiuth tables, binary arithmetic, how the various chips including CPU's, 
interface chips, logic devices, memories, etc. work. It also explains 
machine language and gives hints on how to trouble shoot and repair 
computers. This is not a step-by-step how to do it guide; the book tries 
to explain how everything works so you can fix the computer by 
understanding what is happening. 

MPP'IMicrobits) of Albany. OR has closed down and reopened with 
the same principles as Supra Corp 1133 Commercial Way, Albany, OR 
97321, (503)967-9075. They will continue to market MPP products. Kirt 
Stockwell is no longer with them, but has formed a new company 
SofMarc (4325 Sean. Eugene, OR 97402 / 503-689-3565, BBS 
689-23481 Their first product is our new Bulletin Board System ESP 
Mindlink - see Larry Gold's article. 

Battariae Included, the Canadian software company, has dropped 
plans to produce the 80 column cartridge for PaparCllp because of 
difficulty ol obtaining the proper chips in a timely manner. Incidentally, 

I've also been having problems with dropped characters with PaperCtip 
- anyone else having the problem? 


The summer is about 10 end. school it* ready to start unit Aten ini: 
is starting to go Ml blast with thri SI, Xfc and anything eiau they 
have up their sleeve. Ihe stores are beginning to have and still new 
programs ami ihe tnturu looks better for Alan than it has in a long tuna 

One company which hasn't been sitting back and waiting is 
Broderbund They have a new graphics disk for the Print Shop piugi.iiii 
This is the second graphics disk tor ihat program and it is |ust as good 
as the one before and makes the choice of graphics that much more iot 
the user to choose from when he uses the program. The new slut tor has 
from time to time used these graphics whan it was appropriate to the 
issue. Broderbund should be congratulated for continuing to make a fine 
program batter and more useful. 

I wish more companies would update their programs or enhance 
them with more features as has Broderbund. They have done tire same 
with templates that they have brought out for Synapse s SynCalc. I will 
talk more about this in another article. 

We are Beta testing a BBS program for a new company called 
Sofmark. The board is almost to its last stage of developement so please 
bear with us for any problems you may find. We want to have your 
comments on the board and also let us know if there are any features 
you would tike to see incorporated into the board which are not there. 
When it does come out it will be called BBS Mindiink. 

The BBS is easy to use as all you have to do when you call up is 
give it your name and after a short pause it will ask for your phone no., 
then four character password. Please be careful as the board is written 
in machine language and is very fast in its respnse time. Once you have 
signed on and have gone through the board be sure that you answer the 
prompt about saving your password or you will have to sign on again 
until you have saved your password, t can't upgrade your level to have 
access to the whole hoard unless you log your password I hope uou 
like it and will let us know wnat you think about it. 

- Larry Gold 


GEMSTONE WARRIOR (SSI, $351 is an "action, strategy and 
adventure in the netherworld." Demons have stolen the Gemstone and 
separated it into 5 pieces which you must find and reassemble. The 
keyboard is required for many functions, but the joystick is an option 
for movement, firing and searching. The game may be saved, paused, 
or played at various skill levels. 

To make your quest difficult (if not impossible!) are diseased and 
vicious monsters. Thieving Flyers, Skeletons, Gas Plants, Giant Amoebas, 
Ghosts, Summoning Eyes and the Demons themselves. 

As the Brave Warrior who has taken up this challenge you will 
depend upon your primary weapons farrows and magic bolts). But you 
will also find up to 15 different types of magic items (some of which 
will be inside coffins and chests) and treasure. Several of the magic items 
have undocumented properties - you must discover what they do (they 
may differ from game to game). Even the items for which you know what 
they do, experience will be needed to discover how to use them 

There are various doors, archways and gates into the various rooms 
of the underground caverns. Some places will appear to be dead ends 
with no way out as you return to the same rooms again and again. But 
peisoverance, cleverness, agility and careful observation techniques will 
carry you through to success. This is not a game lo master in one sitting! 

Synapse & Broderbund have released the first "electronic novel", 
MINDWHEEL ($?). Nothing less is at stake than the survival of 
civilization. Four unprotected disk sides of files are provided together 
with a hard bound novelette of nearly 100 pages. You must provide a 
"Bookmark" disk on which to save a game trTprogrebS. If you have a 
printer, you can also create a printed record of your progress in the game. 

Two disk drives are required, and the program also supports 52k 
add-on RAM boards. Mosaic and Axlon Ramdisks. A Happy modified disk 
drive is also specifically mentioned for those who might want faster 
loading and responses. 

Basically a text adventure, the program comes closer to a "natural 
language" game than earlier text adventures do. I believe it recognizes 
close to 1200 words. You need to read the book to learn as much as 
possible about the four main characters in the game. You musi "travel" 
through the minds of these four: Bobby Cleinou, an assassinated rock 
star; The Generalissimo, a dictator and war criminal: The Poet, composer 
of epic literary achievements; and Dr. Eva Fein, scientist, humanist and 
distinguished musician. 

The ob|ect of your quest is to find The Cave Master and the Wheel 
of Wisdom which he guards. 

I'm having more fun with COLONIAL CONQUEST (SSI, $40) than 
I've had with any computer game in a tong time. It's a very social game 
best played with 6 players. But the computer will play any of the 6 
positions not used by one of your friends. Each computer position may 
be separately set at One of 10 levels of difficulty. Players control one 
or more of 6 colonial powers: England, Germany, France, USA, Japan 
and Russia in one of three scenarios: Standard (no one starts with any 
colonies), and two historical scenarios (1880 and 1914). 

The map scrolls across 4 scfegng of vej;y good graphics containing 
131 land areas plus the oceans. Each player may build ami move ailines 
and fleets to attack or garrison possessions. Land zones may be fortified. 

You may pay for espionage. The mfoimation you get may not be entirely 
accurate, but will give you some indication of the economic value of a 
zone and the nurnboi of its defenders. You may also subvert the armies 
in zunes not controlled by other players in order to control the zones 
outright, or to make conquest try force easier. Economic aid may be given 
to any other player or to a minor country. 

The real strength of tftis game is the opportunity and necessity for 
diplomacy to help you win. Especially Russia and Japan need skills in 
this area to do well. If you just fight all the time you II find your forces 
depleted and so cannot be much of a threat to anyona On the other hand, 
if you're too threatening, anyone can be wiped out by a combination of 
other players. 

Each player spends an annual budget of income from the possession 
of land zones and gifts ol economic aid from other players. Control of 
all the zones in a larger region (i.e., South America or the Far East) may 
produce big bonuses of income. 

As a grand strategic multi-player game of diplomacy, treachery and 
"force mateur" this game is unexcelled. 

i've just begun using the new Prentice M12ST modem (after 
selling my 300 baud Hayes). This 1200 baud modem sells for less than 
$300 and advertizes "Hayes compatibility" 

tl you are used to all the lights orra Haye*. you might miss them 
The Prentice has only a power light and a carrier detect light. You can 
set the internal speaker to be on at all times, so you should be able to 
hear some data noises. There are no dip switches to set. ail modem 
functions are software controlled and can be set by commands horn 
terminal mode in your communications software. 

I've been using Amodcm quite a lot lately, but so far I've been unable 
to use the Autodial Directory which was a nice feature of the program 
when I used it with the Hayes. I've set the software switch (ATS18- 0) 
to emulate the Hayes. But when the autodial selection is made the screen 
tells me it's dialing, and then that it's made a connection. But no dialing 
occurs, and no connection is made. When I dial manually on the keyboard 
in terminal mode I have no trouble making connections. 

I never realized how much I would enjoy seeing a whole screenful 
of information Hash on the screen at once. But after watching the cursor 
paint across the screen at 300 baud, 1200 baud seams extremely fast. 

I can't even imagine 2400! 

- Jim Bumpas. Co Etlitoi 


This new word processor has a number of features not found on 
any other ATARI word processor. It is not all peaches and crearn, but 
PAPER CLIP offers some unique options. 

PAPER CLIP'S ability to preview the text before it is printed is 
unsurpassed. However, there are several other features worthy of note. 
For example, there are USER DEFINED printer codes, specialized 
"Macro" Files and Koala Graphic capabilities as well as the ability to 
configure the program for virtually any printer available. 

I found a few shortcomings in the program which may influence 
some prospective buyers. In my estimation, the most serious drawback 
is that the text buffer will not accept key input fast enough to keep up 
with a very fast typist. I found the key response to be somewhat sluggish. 
Typing at 60 words a minute will cause the buffer to "bubble over" and 
drop some characters. For most of us slow typists this will never be u 
problem. However, to • serious or professional typist this handicap will 
automatically eliminate PAPER CLIP from contention. 

Another disadvantage is that in spite of 155 pages o! 
documentation. I had to read between the lines of the Documentation 
to specifically adapt the program to my FX-80 Printer. Through 
experimentation, I have learned a few undocumented or sparsely 
documented short cuts and/or further enhancements which I will pass 

It is possible to configure the program to take advantage of the 
Epson's ability to use proportional type. The procedure is to binary load 
from DOS the "PRTR.COM" file and then, following the instructions, load 
in the configuration fife for the specified printer. In my case I loaded in 
the "FX80ALT.CNF" file. By going through this file I was able to see what 
DEFAULT values were placed m the file for the various options and printer 
codes and then record them for future reference and/or possible 
alteration. There is no record of specific printer code values anywhere 
in the documentation. The configuration fifes alone access this 
information. On the program disk I found that the 4 USER DEFINED 
PRINT CODES were predefined to contain the Graphic Dump Codes for 
the FX80. I redefined these codes to contain the Proportional and 
Enlarged ON and OFF codes - and then saved the altered file to another 
Epson configuration file name of my own. 

Further checking the printer configuration file will reveal information 
about micro spacing and optional pitch fonts which are otherwise not 
specifically mentioned. 

Another discovery was that double column printing will not work 
correctly unless the formatting line (pitch, margin, etc.) is exactly at the 
beginning of the text. In other words, set the margins as per instructions 
but don't put a carriage return at any point between the format line and 
the beginning of text. If you dp the right column will print first and always 
be one line above the left column. If you are used to other word 
prosessers in which the formatting line stands alone and is terminated 
by a RETURN, this is hard to remember. However it you are careful you 
will be rewarded with a very fine looking double-column printout. 

In writing tins review I also found that I could not (while in doyblq 
column mode) ''place" a paragraph symbol at the end of the-fdtfnat line 
where the text needed to start. I could do this if the text were justified 
left on the screen - but not at the end of the format line. Since I needed 
paragraph indentation, the solution was to leave 5 spaces at tlMi end 
of the format line before beginning to enter text. 

The manual suggests that a CQNTROL-SHIFT-DELETE followed by 
a RETURN wilt empty the paste buffer. This is not so! Instead, move the 
curser to a blank line and follow the CONTROL-SHIFT-DELETE with a 
SHIFT-DELETE. This will effectively empty the paste buffer. 

Each screen line of PAPER CUP is ended by a small diamond-shaped 
mark. This has proved extremely helpful as it serves as a pointer to the 
number of spaces between the last word on the line and the first word 
on the next. No longer do I end up with a few gaps here and there nor 
is it necessary to justify screen output periodically as with the other word 
processors I have used. This is a fine touch insptte of the fact that it 
is not documented. 

When moving a block of text with PAPER CLIP I thought at first 
that I had to clear out "room" - or else other text was overwritten. But 
this is not the case as long as I was not in the over-type mode rather 
than the insertion mode of text entry, in my early experiments my pastes 
were sometimes over-pastes. 

My original standard for Atari word processors has always been 
LETTER PERFECT, it was sometimes cumbersome to use but has 
continued to be very flexible. Nevertheless I dropped it last year having 
grown tired of the incompatibility of LJK and ATARI files. 

When THE WR» fER'S TOOL came out I used it exclusively. It wasn't 
totally Hex it lie. but it was easy to use. The big drawback to this program 
was poor file merging capabilities. 

PAPER CLIP, in spite of some of my reservations, will be the word 
processor I will rely on at least for the Atari 8-bit machine. It isn't THE 
Perfect Word Processor but what it can't do my others can and »n my 
view PAPER CLIP is the best all-a round word processor currently 
available lor the ATARI 

Graham Smith 



COMPUTER QUARTERBACK ($40. SSI. 1981. second edition, by 
DAN BUNTEN) has been around for a number of years, but this was my 
first introduction to it Prior to this it was not available on the Atari I 
have always been sceptical about games which try to duplicate situations 
which involve so much human interaction. In a game like* football 
everything depends on each of the individual players' attnlmtes and how 
they interact as a team in any given situation. To mu those are too many 
variables to actively duplicate in a computer game, certainly a 48k one. 

COMPUTER QUARTERBACK is a pleasant surprise The designer 
utilized his computer space primarily for the developement of the play 
variables This has limited the amount of computer space for graphics 
Tire graphics display is fairly simple. The primary screen shows a football 
field to the left with a football in the center. The football is the only 
graphics on the field, and shows where the current line is On the edge 
of the field are two markers denoting first down and current ball position. 
To the right of this you have a score board which shows score, quarter, 
down, and time remaining. Above this you find the Iasi play played. It 
is listed as the offensive play, defensive play, and results. Below the score 
board is a graphics representation of the two teams' current alignment 
expressed in traditional "X" and "O" configuration. This is the sum total 
ol the game graphics. The only part which actively moves in a game is 
the ball marker on the playing field. I was surprised to find that these 
simple yrahics in no way detracted from the game. 

The game allows you to play either another player or the computer. 
The play comes in two versions semtpro and pro. The semipro version 
allows you 18 offensive plays and 14 defensive plays The game comes 
With a sheet depicting the course of each play. I he pro versiuu allows 
’"you 36 offensive plays and 24 defensive plays. Each play is numbered 
and selected hy moving the joystick or paddle until the desired play 
number uppuars next to your team. 

Part of the excitement in this game is that the offense must press 
the button three limes on a specific play before that choice is activated 
This means that both the offensive and defensive player are trying to 
adjust their lines up to the last minutes. Of course the more times you 
shift your line the greater the chance that your team will not get the 
signal and a penalty will be called. Players are allowed to call timeouts 
and at halftime the teams' statistics are shown. As this is a real time 
game players may choose the length of time of each quarter, the 
computer is set to play best with 10 minute quarters. In this game the 
players have also been given the option to create their own teams or 
send in for discs from SSI, which have stats for the major teams in 1980. 
When using the draft, player quality will effect all aspects of the game. 
The pro version also allows you to create a game film, if you have a 80 
column printer This game film lists play by play down situations, yards 
to first down before play, absolute yard mark, play of both teams and 
headings for quarter and score. Basically I find this game a very fast 
paced game which leaves me with the real flavor of football, all you need 
is the roar of the crowd. 


Nick Chrones 



A Programmer 
Test Drives a 130XE 

Ovai four years ago I bought my first computer, an Atari 800 which 
came with a whopping 16k of HAM. It served me well, but this past 
winter it was starting to let me down. Imagine my joy when I heard that 
the highly touted new Atari 130X6 computers were going to be available 
almost immediately at a price one sixth of my original computer. Better 
yet, they would have 128k of HAM and be completely compatible with 
existing Atari 8 bit machines. What choice did I have but to rush out 
and buy one? 

The first thing a former 800 owner notices when he brings home 
his 130X6 is its sire, or lack of it. It is tiny and feather light compared 
to the old 800! Alter using it, one discovers that it handles very much 
like an 800XL. This, of course, means one has to put up with booting 
up a translator tor some software, and I have even come across some 
older programs that absolutely refuse to work no matter what. 

However, I think the new programs which will run only on this new 
machine- wiN make..these, old- one* pale, in ,<iompa(ision,seft*dMe M ». 
incompatibility will only be short lived. Besides, the idea of a modifiable 
operating system isn't all bad. For example, the Bugene. OR Translator 
includes an option for fast floating point routines, and with soma of the 
mathematics programs I use, the difference is really noticeable. In fact, 

I suggest some talented machine language programmers to look into 
rewriting the printer driver portion of the OS so it can use a bank or two 
of the extra 130X6 memory as a printer buffer. Then an application 
program could print to the printer as fast as memory transfer can take 
place, and while the user is doing something else, the printer driver can 
send the data out as Ihe printer becomes ready for it, perhaps during 
VBI or by some other interupt mechanism. This type of multitasking could 
be a very saleable project, so how 'bout it you guys with the know how? 

The manual for the 130X6 is quite good. It gives a description of 
all the BASIC commands, and includes several example programs much 
as the old BASIC reference manual did lonly this manual touches on 
Player Missile graphical. The manual includes all kinds of technical 
information and pinout diagrams of the 130X6. It also explains how to 
access the extra memory banks. 

Perhaps the most noticeable physical feature for this programmer 
in changing to the 130X6 was the different keyboard. It has a 'spongy' 
feel, but it grows on you. At first I didn't like it, but now I really da Moving 
to it from an 800.1 especially like the larger shift keys, and the moving 
of the inverse video key to the comer. A nice touch is having the graphics 
characters on the edge of the keys ala the old Commodore machines 
- this feature will likely save me a lot of time while programming using 
character graphics. 

The extra memory in the 130X6 is the most useful and noticeable 
functional difference, and will no doubt become even more useful in the 
future. Already the HAMOISK of DOS 2.5 makes excellent use of it, but 
how about somebody coming out with a RAMDISK which wilt work with 
double density (are you listening 0SS??l The RAMOISK also makes a 
disk based language like C much quicker and nicer to use. I have already 
seen an ad lor BASIC XB which claims to use the extra memory to give 
the programmer a sizeable 60,000 bytes of programming space II know 
of a BBS programmer who should tjy.happy to hear ihattl. I forsee no 
end to Ihe data bases, spread sheets, and tbofd processors which all 
squeeze something out of the extra RAM. I wrote a sector copier on the 
130X6 to copy a whole single density disk on a single pass, allowing 
easy multiple copies to be mada I think a few club librarians will be eager 
to try that out lit also does a double density disk in two passesl. The 
extra memory is very easy to use from the programmer's standpoint. 

Another really nice feature an old 800 owner will notice is that the 
130X6, like the XLs has a true hardware reset key, which means you 
can recover from almost any crash without loss of program and temper. 

I have managed to lock the machine up several limes when programming 
in ACTION!, and each time I was able to recover my program text. 
Additionally, the RAMDISK is also preserved through a reset. The net 
result of ail this is that in many cases where with the old 800 I would 
have lost my work, with the 130X6 I was safe. 

I have a couple of gripes, though. First of alt. I'm still not too hot 
about the idea of the cartridge slot being hidden behind the machine. 

It would have been handier for it to be on the side. Also, the joystick 
ports are recessed deep into the machine, making my speech synthesizer 
not want to fit without heavy removal of plastic on the connectors. 
Finally, wouldn't it have been nicer if the BASIC would not be active 
UNLBSS the Option button was held down? It seems I am always booting 
programs which squawk if the BASIC is present. Actually, it is an easy 
matter for programs to try to remove the BASIC first by altering the 
memory bank selection byte, and then they should squawk if a cartridge 
still appears to be present. For example, I did this in a sector copier for 
the 130X6 that I wrote. 

Who will want to buy a 130X6? I think all thoso out there who have 
mastered their 800s and want a little more power will want to yet one. 
When more programs come out which require the exira memory, those 
with XLs may also wish to consider upgrading. After all. the cost is not 
prohibitive. What about the argument that anyone buying a compuler 
should get a 16 bit machine, specifically an ST? First of all, it is quite 
a bit more investment, and all your old software won't work. It further 
remains to bo seen how the STs will catch on and what software will 
come out. So. unless you have lots of money and are prepared to start 
again from scratch, if you want a new computer you better stick with 
a 130X6. 

To sum up, although there are a few minor ouches, I have lots ol 
praise for the 130X6.1 heartily recommend that anyone with an old. ailing 
800 buy one. You won't be sorry. Incidentally, anyone out there interested 
in an old, faithful Atari 800. . . ? 

- Dale Lutz 


Nina users here in Eugene hpve had their 520 STs since mid-July. 
I've been "using" mine even more than rny XE. I say "using' since there 
* really isn't much software for it yet. It came to us with onfy the GEM 
1 Desktop, the operating system, and Atari LOGO programming language. 

1 I've still not begun to learn LOGO but I intend to dabble in n a bit Since 
then we ve received about a disk full of pubtic domain demos and 
advertisements sent to us from the San Leandro Computer Club ithetr 
July and August disks) These demos really whet my appetite for the 
poweiful programs to cornel 

1 here is a terminal emulator built into the ST operating system. I've 
been using this and a 1200 baud modem to talk to the BBS's around 
town. This has been a lot of fun. f've also been making a lot of copies 
of the public domain stuff for the other ST users in town Boy is disk 
management easy ami QUICK* Even with one disk drive, although I 
usually remind the user to tiring their drive to speed copying 

The keyboard is a yruat improvement on the IBM PC keyboard I've 
used at work for Ifni pant 3 yoais it does lack one dung my old Mon 
had: A decent space on which to rust my palms white typing- Looking 
at rny Xfc. I see it also has nearly zero space between the spacebar and 
the edge of the machine. But I didn't notice this lack on the XE since 
the space bar is not wide and there is an area on each side of the space 
bar on which to rest my palms when I'm not acutally stoking keys 

A couple of other minor dungs: It took me a little while to figure 
out liow lu set die clock and calender on the ST The manual did nut 
make clear to me I hud to "backspace" over the default settings before 
typing in the new. And when I try to write to an un formatted disk the 
OS tells me the drive is not responding. Seems like the OS could detect 
an unformatted disk. It made me think something was wrong with my 
drive. I kept powering down and trying to get the drive to "respond' 1 

Our experience with DOA STs seems to match that of other clubs 
About 30% of them did not work upon first boot up. But it appears there 
is a fix which has so far been 100% successful. In shipping lor 
something?) the ROM chips become loose. All you need to do (if you 
have this problem) is get in there and re-seat all the socketed ICs, 
removing the adhesive pads from the two 68 pin square chips. Here's 
the procedure deponed by Joe Wrobel in the August, 1985 issue of The 
Acorn Kernel ) which, we are told is approved by Atari and assured it 
will not void our warranty: 

"You start by removing the 6 screws accessible through the bottom 
of the unit. This frees the top cover which can be set aside. Removing 
the cover reveals the keyboard which is sitting atop a metal shield 
protecting the main PC board underneath. The keyboard is connected 
to the mam board by a keyed 18 pm in-line connector. To remove the 
keyboard, one just disconnects this connector and undoes the tape winch 
holds the cable to the metal shield. The keyboard can now be set aside 
The top metal shield is held down to the main board by threw screws 
and a series of twisted taps which come up from the metal shield beneath 
the main huard anti fit into slots in the top shield. Two of these tab slot 
pairs lone on each side) are soldered together. After removing the screws 
and untwisting the otfier tabs, those bonds are desoldurud to imiiove 
the lop metal si weld 

"The top shield has copper tape covering holes in its top and rear. 
These holes are there for access to and output from the RF moduiatoi 
which was originally planned into the machines and has subsequently 
beun removed (at least tor US purchasers). 

”1 reseated the DIP ICs by fusl using a small screwdriver to gently 
lift each end of the iC partly out of its socket, and then firmly piesstny 
them back into place. The two squars ICs were removed by prying them 
out with asiuall tool like a jeweler's screwdriver inserted min a comm 
of the IC socket I peeled the double sided adhesive off tlm chips end 
removed any remnants with my finger naif, then snapped them back in 
thee respective sockets. If you should have to go through this procedure* 
with your machine, be very careful to note the orientation of the square 
chips m thee sockets before you remove them, and work on them one 
at a time so they can't gel switched. 

"Re assembly of the ST goes rather quickly. When replacing the 
external screws, note the three longer ones are used to fasten the case 
at the rear of the machine. 

A user here in Eugene called Atari for a warranty replacement rather 
than to open up his machine. Atari was very helpful and air-shipped him 
a replacement upon his phone call (and before they had even received 
the old machine*). His replacement arrived the day after he mailed off 
the old one. 

-- Jim Bumpas 

A promise 

There will still be 1 
home micros under 
the Christmas tree, 
if the latest show is 
anything to go by, 
writes Jack 

Commodore launched the 
C128 in public, and the Amiga 
in private. Software develop¬ 
ers and the- press were intro¬ 
duced to the new wonder 
machine at separate confer¬ 
ences in a nearby hotel. Most 
left convinced: the Amiga is 
the most wonderful home 
micro yet designed. It 
remains to be seen whether 
Commodore can sell it at the 
rice, still less sell it as a 
usiness machine, when it 

HAPPY days are here again, 
at least in the home micro 
market Or if they are not 
actually here, they will be* By 
Christmas. Probably. , 

The home computer market 
now has many of the charac¬ 
teristics of a toy market This, 
is not to say that home micros 
are toys — some are morel 
powerful than the business 
micros of a few years ago. But 
they are relatively expensive, 
and many are still bought by 
parents for children. This 
makes Christmas the main 
purchasing season. 

Most, of the major com¬ 
panies rolled out their Christ¬ 
mas offerings at the Personal 
Computer World show which 
recently packed London’s 
Olympia. Considering thei 
losses racked up this year by I 
Acorn, Sinclair and Commod¬ 
ore, there was a surprising 
spirit of optimism about the 

' The exhibition . had <• two 
“stars,” one public and one 
private, in the Atari 520ST' 
and Commodore Amiga com¬ 

The hall was dominated by 
the Atari 520ST, thanks to a 
huge stand divided into 
dozens of tiny booths. Each I 
booth was occupied by a | 
software house. Most were I 
demonstrating a new program I 
for the machine. This ensured 

the stand would be crowded" 
(with software developers) 
even when it might otherwise 
be empty (of punters). 

The ST software came from 
Digital Research, BOS, Meta- 
comco. Talent, Intelligent 
Software, Infocom, Softech- 
nics, Execon, Wasp, Hi-Soft, 
Quest, BTM-Soft, Kuma, GST, 
TDI, Prospero, Software 
Punch, Silicon Chip, Psygno- 
sis, Microdeal, Paradox, 
English Software and others. 

It included business software 
(for printers, solicitors and 
accountants), systems soft¬ 
ware (C, Modula-2, Fortran- 
77) and games (Chess, Lands 
of Havoc, Mission Mouse). Not 
all of it was finished, but it 
was a start... —- 

becomes available sometime 
next year. 

The long-awaited Commod¬ 
ore C128 is a dual-mode 
machine offering a Commod¬ 
ore 64 plus a Commodore 128 
(new Basic plus 128K of RAM) 
in one box. Adding a new disc > 
drive enables it to run the I 
established Z-80 business 
operating system, CP/M. I 
Acorn finally come into line 
with a 128K version of the 
BBC Model B, but with a price 
tag of almost £500 compared 
with the £150 street-price of a 
128K Atari 130XE. The good 
news is that dealers can 
upgrade 64K B+ machines to 
128K for a bout £3 0. ■ 

Sinclair had the same old 1 
things but at new low prices, 
with the QL down to £200. 
Unfortunately, a half-price | 
lemon is still a lemon, not an 
Apple, Apricot or IBM PC. 
Still, the most deserted stand 
at the show was not Sinclair’s 
but a joint one run by several 
Japanese manufacturers to 
support MSX. 

Amstrad attracted crowds 
with its good-value CPC-6128 
and PCW-8258 systems com¬ 
plete with screen and 3-inch 
disc drive. Both of these 
machines ean run CP/M Plus. 
The CPC-6128 is also a useful 
128K home micro, while the 
PCW-8256 offers a complete 
256K word processing pack¬ 
age including printer for only 
£399 plus VAT. 

On the hardware side it 
looks like being an Amstrad 
Christmas, though among the 
cofttenders will be the Atari 
520ST. The 16/ 32- bit Motorola __ 

68000, 512K of RAM, mouse 
and Macintosh-like GEM 
interface make this the trendy 
option, but machines are 
likely to be in short supply. 

The Commodore C128 is the 
dark horse in the field. It is 
attractive to C64 owners who 
want to upgrade but retain the 
use of their existing software. 
Its appeal to the general 
market is unproven. On the 
software side, the initiative 
remains with the- 8-bit Atari 
and Commodore 64 micros, 
where the flood of high-qual¬ 
ity American games con¬ 
tinues unabated. _ 

Atari booms 

This means, in particular, 
more strong releases from US 
Gold, Ariolasoft and Activi¬ 
sion. Local software houses 
must by now be getting quite 
adept at translating 6502- 
based originals into Z-80 code 
for the Sinclair, Amstrad andf, 
Enterprise micros. However,’ 
few of these conversions yet , 

approach the quality of the 

Two British games should 
make the reverse trip across 
the Atlantic. The biggest is 
MUD,) the Multi-User 
Dungeon adventure written 
on a DEC-10 mainframe at the 
University of Essex. It has 
now been expanded and 
rewritten to run on one of 
British Telecom’s VAX750 
super-minicomputers. In the 
evenings, when BT isn’t using 
it for a database, up to 100 
home micro users will be able 
to log in by telephone and 
play for £1 to £2 per hour. 
MUD-packs were on sale at 
the show for £20 each. 

The other is Mercenary- 
Escape from Targ, from 
Novagen. This has been writ¬ 
ten by Paul Woakes, who had 
an American hit with his last 
effort, the Battlezone-type 
game Encounter. Mercenary - 
uses even more advanced 3Di 

vector graphics. It looks terri¬ 
fic. How well it plays remains 
to be seen when the Atari and 
Commodore 64 versions 
arrive this month. 

Finally, Mirrorsoft pre¬ 
viewed two programs that are 
bound to get a mention in a 
newspaper: Hold the Front 
Page and Fleet Street Editor. 

Hold the Front Page is a game 
about journalism. Fleet 
Street Editor is a utility prog¬ 
ram that allows you to com¬ 
bine text and graphics on a 
selection of page layouts, 
then print out the result. It 
could be used for producing 
newsletters or notices, or 
even a (very small) news¬ 

Mirrorsoft hopes to have a 
BBC B version of Fleet Street 
I Editor on sale before Christ¬ 
mas, and an Apricot one early 
next year. Enhancements will 
be added for proposed Atari 1 

I 520ST and Amiga implemen¬ 
tations, with the Atari one 
being written by the man who 
I wrote the Daily Mirror's own 
' editorial software. 

The home micro industry 
has taken a drubbing in the 
last year. However, today’s 
128K machines — the 
Amstrad. Atari. Commodore 
C128 and Enterprise — are 
vastly better than yesterday’s 
failures — the Acorn Elec¬ 
tron. Aquarius. Dragon. Oric, 
Lynx and Sord micros, for 
example. Today's machines 
are more powerful, more 
useful and cheaper. The soft¬ 
ware, too, has never been 
1 better. 

It may still rely too heavily 
on Santa, but the home com¬ 
puter isn’t ready to join the 
hula hoop, skateboard and CB 
radio in the toy museum of 
Christmas. Past — not for 
, another year at least.’ 



, -- 


REVISION C CONVERTER by Matthew Ratcliff 25 

Type-in fix for buggy BASIC Rev. B type-in software 

m ■ • 

j'. I'-.Mf't, < ' ? ' ' ••?... V-- 



Machine language timing power for your programs 





Fast, unusual graphics in half the memory! 



ONE-PASS DISK COPY 130 by Ernie Ne 3 us 

Antic’s first 130XE program 



16-BIT SOUND POWER by Jerry White 

How the pros enhance Atari music 



8 QUEENS ACTION! by Dave Oblad 

92 chess solutions in 40 seconds 




Graphics hardcopies in color 


HACKERS FOREVER! by Nat Friedland 

Computer heroes or criminal vandals? * 


Best public domain software online! 


l»Pvwn.^ ^ 



by Charles Cherry 16 by Jack Powell 

IBM AT performance First “legal” memory addresses 

ST ANY WAY YOU WANT IT mqdc ct products 

by Jack Powell 17 JST. 7 r. 7 I KKOt,utTi 

Using GEM control panel COMING 

2 new ST models, 


Art at 640 by 400 pixels 



by Timothy Banse 11 

_ type-in software 


CRICKETS by Stan Ockers 13 


'•0 Z'jSg*' 







PARTI by Mark Andrews 70 







F E- A T U R E S 

if £1* — 


it >8 


BANJO PICKER by Richard Lindsren 

Play blueqrass music like a bionic Earl Scruggs! 


524 megabytes 


New software super-maps ___ 

Grades for Krell and HBJ_ . __ 

YOGA BREATHING by Len Dorfman & Jerry White 

Your Guru, the Atari 


GRAPH 3D by Paul Chabot 

Spectacular three-dimensional visuals! 



by Nat Friedland 

ST searches 540 megabytes in 3 seconds _ 

GEM COLOR CASCADE by Patrick Bass 

How to convert an 8-bit Atari program for the ST_D 


Mac eats the ST‘s dust! ___ 

ST PRODUCT NEWS by Jack Powell 

First ST book review 




1st ST program listing 


New online service featuring superb graphics_ 


ALIEN ASYLUM by Spencer Craske 
Win sanity points or else!_ 



LEMONADE byBobPolaro 
APX hit educational game! 



Dot-by-dot screen moves, 8 times smoother! type-in software 

Graph 3D. 











Letters from our readers. 

JACG is our featured users' group. On 
page 47 there is the Users' Group List 
update, with address changes and new 
additions to our last list 

Video Titlers, the Atari BBS, how 
teachers can learn. 

Sherlock Bones, finder of lost pets. 


Some software discoveries, plus one 

man's opinion. 


Blue Max 2001, Computer Ambush, 

and Bounty Bob Strikes Back. 

Player-missile graphics from Logo. 


Bill Wilkinson discusses the best Atari 

software guidebooks. 




Using the ST's graphics from Logo and from the GEM VD1. 


Summer sports are in season. Here's a 
look at some of the best sports games 
for those rainy days. 



A CES floor report from a member of 
the Chicagoland users group who 
worked in the Atari Booth. 


A comprehensive look at word pro¬ 
cessing. Find out what features and 
which programs you need . 


A special report on two-player games. 


An interview with die chairman of Spin¬ 
naker, plus the latest on remote bank¬ 



How one school system saved $20,000 

with one Atari 800. 


AtariSoft President Sig Hartmann and 
his staff give us a look at what's ahead. 

UlalroutCiiiB^'spremiCTe“Xtenmag-- ; 


&CJet' more speed and. flexibility put of 
t fdisk and cassette'aceess by. using the 
^built-in OO routines - 

^—P ——mm 

: a senes on screen ani- 


r M 

mm* i 

I ■> 


4 l 




I ^ 


:. Y : 

: Mi 

•;«§» *: 




f ” 


16 How to Buy the Right Database Program. YaS 

26 Amazing Online Databases. ; . 

30 Softball Statistics .. Roger i-eiron 

Softball Statistics .1. Roger Fetton 

Fast Filer . Richard Mansfield and Patrick Parrish 


../ „• ■ 

. „ , . . Steve Hudson 

52 Spelunker . y . Karen McCullough 

2 .:::::::::::::::::::: .sheBomeemon 

55 Gemstone Warrior ... Jqmes v ‘ 

lAM***'?**. :• ‘ i M ■ ‘‘ 


, _ r _ ,, r . Tom R. Halfhill 

i :::::::::::: ::::’Vi«Mito«andReaae re ot comp™ 

14 HOTWARE . . . 

“ °'3SSEEJ£& and Flow, Pad 1 ........... • ■ 

83 The Wbrtd Inside the Computer: Here Come the Toy Robots! ... 

88 Tetecomputing P Today:' Saving' Money withE-Maii .. Arto R. Levttan 

89 IBM Personal Computing: An Old-Fashioned Database .Donaid B. Tnvette 

90 Programming the Tl: Using Ti Logo II ...... . m\58£5 

92 INSIGHT: Atari—Bargain Basement Networking . Bil1 Wltk,nso 

&■ . 

; - > - - v 
v* 1 • ; ■ • • . 


57 Commodore Recruncher .... - Butterfield 

64 Extended Color Mode for Commodore . J'^Bunemera 

68 Atari UST Scroller . Keamev 

72 Apple SpeedScript 3.0 ProDOS Converter . ^mVtetor 

75 Apple Automatic Proofreader.• • • .." I,™ 

77 Moving Memory with ROM for 64 and VIC-20 ._ Anderson 

79 improving the Atari's Alphabet . R^k'vMoo°e 

80 Commodore 64 AutoPRINT . Rocky Moore 

56 CAPUTE! Modifications or Corrections to 
Previous Articles 

93 COMPUTED Guide to Typing In Programs 
96 Advertisers Index 
96 COMPUTEI Classified 

NOTE: See page 93 
before typing In 

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