Skip to main content

Full text of "Sinc Link"

See other formats


Vol.7  No . h     Nov-Dec    ?  89 

AS  PART  OF  THE  $20.00  ANNUAL 
FOR  $12.00. 


AND    THE    AUTHOR     IF    YOU      COPY  . 



Attention:       SINC-LINK  EDITOR 
CLUB,         14        RICHOME  COURT. 


ONLY  $1.50  OR  LESS. 


(  Out-of-town  members  ) 

RENE  BRUNEAU  (  531-9749  ) 

BILL  LAWSON  (  444-8772  ) 

GEORGE  CHAMBERS  (  751-7559  ) 

RENE  BRUNEAU  (  531-9749  ) 

LYMAN  PAQUETTE  (  482-4479  ) 

RENATO  ZANNESE  (  635-6536  ) 

HUGH  HOWIE  (  634-4929  ) 

JEFF  TAYLOR  (  244-8583  ) 

JEFF  TAYLOR  (  244-8583  ) 



(  416-751-7559  ) 



Presi  dent  ^  s  Message 

Welcome  to  another  year  of  Timex-Sinclair  computing  and  a  new 
executive.  As  the  new  president  of  the  Toronto  Timex-Sinclair 
Users  Group,  I  would  like  to  thank  the  Past  President,  Jeff 
Taylor,  on  behalf  of  the  club  for  his  gui  dance  and  enthusiasm 
over  the  past  year  in  making  our  club  better.  Jeff  remains  as 
Newsletter  Editor  so  we  can  expect  more  of  the  same  this  year. 

As  a  general  member  of  TTSUG  and  later  as  part  of  the  executive, 
I  have  recieved  many  benefits  from  belonging  to  and  participating 
in  club  activities  and  I  hope  to  be  able  to  continue  in  the 
footsteps  of  people  like  George  Chambers  and  Jeff  Taylor  in 
fostering  group  support  in  the  club=  In  the  past  year  we  have 
seen  an  increase  in  membership  through  distribution  of  the  news 
letter  and  there  is  growing  interest  in  the  club  for  such 
diverse  things  as  telecommunications,  synthesised  music,  and 
hardware  projects.  Special  interest  groups  are  a  direct  result  of 
this  and  will  ensure  that  our  club  remains  healthy  for  as  long  as 
we  can  get  together. 

PARTICIPATE    !    It's  the  only  way   that  you     can     ensure     that  your 
computer  will   be  supported. 


We've  got  a  new  club  executive !  It  isn't  much    different  from 
the  last  one  but  there  have  been  a  few  significant  changes. 

Rene  Bruneau  takes  over  from  me  as  club  president.  Rene  has 
been  the  activities  director  as  well  as  the  ZX81  tape  librarian 
so  you  know  that  he  is  an  avid  club  booster  in  addition  to  being 
the  resident  2X81  hardware  expert. 

Lyman  Paquette  replaces  Rene  as  ZX81  tape  librarian.  Lyman  is 
a  relative  newcomer  to  the  club  so  it's  good  to  get  some  fresh 
enthusiasm  into  the  executive.  Lyman  has  this  one  quirk  though, 
he  collects  old  slide  rules  (remember  those  dinosaurs?)  so  he 
should  fit  in  here  quite  well.  Welcome. 

I  have  inherited  the  paper  library  from  Greg  Robins.  Greg  has 
had  a  bad  year  healthwise  so  I  have  eased  him  of  this  load. 
Greg,  thanks  for  arranging  and  cataloging  all  our  books  and 
newsletters . 

To  the  rest  of  the  executive,  congrats  and  welcome  back.  I  am 
looking  forward  to  your  new  ideas,  to  help  improve  and  expand  the 
club  in  the  coming  year. 


This  issue  we  have  made  a  few  changes.  The  most  visible  is  the 
new  graphic  on  the  cover.  Thanks  go  to  Hugh  Howie  for  his 
version  of  the  Toronto  skyline.  Hugh  produced  this  beauty  on  his 
QL  with  the  EYE-Q  graphic  program. 

You  should  also  note  that  we  are  presenting  advertisements  of 
a  few  reliable  and  deserving  TS  vendors.  If  you  know  of  a 
supplier  that  you  feel  should  get  more  recognition  drop  us  a 
letter  and/or  a  sample  ad. 


I  will  be  hosting  a  telecommunications  seminar  (with  a  little 
help  from  my  friends)  on  Wednesday,  November  8.  with  demos  for 
the  ZX81 .  the  TS2068  and  the  QL .  Space  is  limited  (my  tiny  den) 
so  please  let  me  know  if  you  are  planning  to  attend  and  I'll 
find  more  lawn  chairs  (no  kidding). 

Hugh  Howie  is  having  a  QL  seminar  on  Wednesday,  November  15, 
with  a  demo  on  networking  and  a  speech  by  Mike  Ferris  on  QL 
programming.  Again.  If  you  plan  to  attend,  let  Hugh  know  ahead 
of  time. 

Has  anyone  received  their  digitiser  from  the  SMUG  group?  I 
ordered  the  bare  board  and  software  back  on  March  16.  1989  and 
have  yet  t©  receive  anything.  Drop  me  a  card  to  let  me  know  of 
your  success  (or  not).  That's  all  for  now. 





In  the  last  issue  of  Sine-Link,  you  probably  saw  a  nay  of  renaming  a  Larken  disk  using  the  utility  'Disk  Doctor' 
which  appears  on  the  club's  Omnibus  disk.  Here  is  ay  pet  version  for  doing  this  chore;  this  appeared  first  as  a  utility 
for  the  old  original  LDOS  system  and  I  have  since  adapted  it  to  the  LKDOS  systems  with  which  most  club  members  are  by 
now  very  familiar. 

Type  in  the  listing  and  check  it  carefully.   SAVE  it  by  a  <G0  TO  480>. 

This  program  provides  a  quick  V  easy  way  to  give  a  disk  a  new  naie  and  what  is  wore  the  name  can  be  quite  long, 
up  to  around  500  bytes.  If  you.  are  going  to  give  a  disk  a  complex  name,  you  can  set  it  up  by  using  the  word  processor 
Mscript.  See  the  notes  below  for  more  details. 

Here  is  the  listing  and  there  are  some  explanatory  notes  at  the  end. 

100  CLEAR  :  BORDER  7:  PAPER  7:  INK  9:  CLS 

110  CLEAR  43400:  RANDOMIZE  USR  100:  OPEN  #4,,dd1 

120  RESTORE  400:  FOR  i=0  TO  119:  READ  val:  POKE  44000+i,val:  NEXT  i 

140  LET  trac=439Q0:  LET  settrk=44000:  LET  load=44006:  LET  save=44009 

150  INPUT  'drive?  (0-3)  ';dr 

160  PRINT  #4:  GO  TO  dr 

170  as  :  POKE  trac.O:  RANDOMIZE  USR  settrk:  RANDOMIZE  USR  load 

180  PRINT  :  PRINT  '        ';  FLASH  i,"  Enter  Disk  Name' 

190  PRINT  'Press  STOP  (SS  'AM  to  end  name         ENTER  for  new  line':  PRINT 

200  PRINT  'Disk  Name  : 

210  LET  aF54500 

220  LET  a$=INKEY$:  IF  INKEY*="  THEN  60  TO  220 
230  IF  CODE  a$=0  THEN  GO  TO  220 
240  BEEP  .02,1 

250  IF  CODE  a$=12  THEN  PRINT  CHR$  8?CHR*  32JCHRS  8?:  LET  m=*-l:  GO  TO  300 
260  IF  CODE  a$=226  THEN  POKE  m,Q:  GO  TO  320 
270  POKE  »,C0DE  a$ 
280  PRINT  PAPER  6?a$? 
290  LET  >=»+l 

300  IF  INKEY$<>"  THEN  GO  TO  300 
310  GO  TO  220 

320  POKE  m,0:  BEEP  .1,20:  BEEP  .1,20 

324  REM  GO  TO  325  after  BREAKing  to  load  Mscript  Name 

325  GO  SUB  370:  INPUT  'Ok  to  save  to  catalog  (y)  ?'?  LINE  a$:  IF  a$=V  OR  aS=,Y'  THEN  RANDOMIZE  USR  settrk:  RANDOMIZE 
USR  save 

330  INPUT  'l=more  0=menu  '|m 
340  IF  mm  THEN  60  TO  150 

350  IF  NOT  am  THEN  PRINT  #4:  GO  TO  4:  PRINT  t4:  NEW 

370  BEEP  .05,10:  BEEP  .05,10:  INPUT  ■  Disk  must  have  write  protect    removed  OK?  ';  LINE  a$:  RETURN 
380  STOP 

400  DATA  195,249,171,195,7,172,195,27 

401  DATA  172,195,56,172,195,75,172,243 

402  DATA  205,98,0,201,58,100,0,251 

403  DATA  201,205,239,171,58,124,171,50 

404  DATA  29,32,205,126,0,24,237,205 

405  DATA  239,171,58,124,171,50,29,32 

406  DATA  205,129,0,58,29,32,50,124 

407  DATA  171,24,217,205,239,171,175,50 

408  DATA  32,32,205,123,0,58,32,32 

409  DATA  79,6,0,33,112,32,17,80 

410  DATA  195,1,0,20,237,176,24,188 

411  DATA  205,239,171,33,80,195,17,112 

412  DATA  32,1,0,20,237,176,205,120 


413  DATA  0,24,169,205,239,171,42,144 

414  DATA  171,78,35,70,24,158,0,0 

480  CLEAR  i  PRINT  #4:  SAVE  'diskna.Bl*  LINE  100 


Line  120:  Pokes  into  memory,  starting  at  address  44000,  the  120  byte  machine  code  routine  which  loads  the  directory 
(catalog)  to  a  buffer  area  for  editing  and  then  saves  it  back  to  disk  when  editing  is  done.  The  code  is  at  lines 
400-414.  This  poking  will  take  i  few  seconds. 

Line  150s  Prompts  for  drive  number. 

Line  170?  Pokes  the  track  nueber  zero  (ie,  the  directory  track)  into  address  <trac>  (43900).  Calls  the  routine  at 
<settrk>  (44000)  which  puts  the  disk  drive  head  on  the  indicated  track.  Calls  the  load  routine  at  <load>  (44006). 

Line  180?  Prompts  for  Disk  Naie.  There  is  root  for  up  to  20  characters  on  the  first  line!  after  that  full  32-character 
lines  may  be  entered.  Use  ENTER  to  start  a  new  line  at  any  time.  If  you  are  entering  CAPITAL  letters,  do  not  hold  the 
CAP  SHIFT  down  while  pressing  the  space  bar.    If  you  do,  you'll  get  an  ERROR  tessage  <L  BREAK  into  program).  You  could 
try  CONTINUE  then  ENTER  to  resume;  but  I  find  it  best  to  start  over.  The  characters  will  be  displayed  on  screen  on 
yellow  PAPER  and  you  may  back  up  using  the  DELETE  key.  As  I  indicated  at  the  start,  you  could  enter  a  complex  name  by 
designing  it  earlier  using  Nscript  and  then  when  you  get  to  this  point,  BREAK  into  BASIC  and  load  the  Hscript  file  into 
address  54500*  Use  <PRINT  #4:  LOAD  •name.CT*  CODE  54500>;  then  <S0  TO  325>  will  save  the  buffer  to  disk.  Try  it!  It's  a 
great  way  to  fancy  up  your  disk  names. 

Line  250:  Does  the  backing  up  as  you  use  the  DELETE  key.  Notice  that  the  variable  <■>  which  is  an  address  counter  or 
»arker  is  decreased  by  one  for  each  DELETE  key  press. 

Line  260:  Responds  to  the  use  of  the  STOP  key  (Symbol  Shift  and  <A>);  pokes  a  zero  into  the  next  byte  to  act  as  an 
end-of-name  marker  (ie  <m>  mentioned  in  Line  250). 

Line  325:  You  are  reminded  to  remove  the  write  protect  sticker  from  the  disk  and  then  prompted  to  press  <y>  to  start  the 
save.  Code  routines  at  <settrk>  (44000)  and  <save>  (44009)  are  called  and  the  edited  directory  is  transferred  from  the 
buffer  to  the  disk  drive. 

Line  330:  You  have  a  chance  to  do  more  or  quit  to  menu. 

Line  350:  This  is  written  to  load  the  Ramdisk  Autostart;  if  you  want  it  to  do  something  else,  you  must  change  this 

Line  480:  Here's  the  place  to  save  the  program. 

Finally,  here  is  a  small  sample  of  a  fancy  disk  name  using  the  technique  described  above.  Start  with  a  line  feed  to  skip 
the  20  character  first  line. 

«  WXYZ  SOFTWARE  1989  ft 

Bob  Mitchell  Willowdale  Ontario  890919 


by  GFC 

One  of  our  members  has  sent  me  an 
item  (below)  that  will  be  of 
interest  to  all  Larken  system 
owners.  It  is  an  advert  that 

appeared  in  the  classified  section 
of  the  October  1989  issue  of  MODERN 
ELECTRONICS  magazine.  Larry  is 
branching  out  into  a  new  field,  as 
you  can  see.  Good  for  you,  Larry! 

CAD-CAM  X-Y-Z  Drilling/Routing 
Machines  24*  x  24'  x  5*  or  larger,  RS-232 
Interface,  $1200  and  up.  Larken  Electronics, 
RR  Ifl,  Navan,  Ontario,  Canada  K4B  1H9. 


The  Vol.3  Iss  4  of  VISTA,  the  newsletter  of 
the  Vashon  Island  T/S  Association  has  some 
interesting  information  about  the  TS  world, 
which  is  worth  reprinting.  Here  are  selections 

from  it.  gfc 

MA  catalog  from  G.  Russell  Electronics 
(R.D.  #1,  Box  539.  Centre  Hall,  PA  16828). 
Some  of  you  that  have  been  around  the  T/S 
world  awhile  will  recognise  "G.R.E. "  as  the 
company  that  brought  out  the  Winky  Board  and 
the  Romswitch,  just  to  name  a  few  of  their 
products.  I  am  glad  to  say  they  are  still  in 
the  T/S  market,  with  a  catalog  full  of  goods 
for  the  1000,  2068,  and  QL.  Included  are 
Spectrum  ROMs  and  EPROMs  ($10.95.  2/$ 19. 95 • 
free  shipping),  all  three  Hi-res  TS-1000 
games,  Rocketman,  Fortyniner,  and  ZXtricator 
($5.95.  2/$8.95.  3/$12.50),  ZXLR8  Fastload  for 
$10.50,  Winky  boards,  and  even  some  parts 
specials  and  books.  If  you  can't  wait,  call 
them  at  (814)364-1325  and  order  something. 

"From  Electro  Associates  of  Michigan,  (P.O. 
Box  312,  Lathrop  Village,  MI  48076)  comes  word 
of  3"  MAXELL  brand  "AMDISK  III  style"  disks, 
10/$40  plus  $2.50  s&h,  for  those  of  you 
needing  3"  disks.  Send  cheque  or  money  order 
or  call  (313)  533-8797  for  quality  discounts. 

"DISKW0RKS  (1-800-456-3889)  offers  bulk 
5.25  and  3.5  inch  disks  as  well  as  name 
brands,  and  they  accept  VISA,  MC,  and  COD 
orders.  Disks  are  offered  in  quantities  of  50 
and  100  though,  so  "group  buys"  would  probably 
be  the  only  way  to  go  there.  I  don't  normally 
need  100  disks,  even  if  they  are  only  21  cents 
apiece ! ! 

"C0NSUMERTR0NICS  (2011  Crescent  Drive,  P.O. 
Drawer  537,  Alamogordo,  NM  88310)  sends  word 
that  their  "Disk  Service  Manual  III"  ($25)  and 
"Disk  Drive  Tutorial"  ($20)  manuals  are 
available  and  ready  for  anyone  who  cares  to 
service  their  own  drives,  or  just  figure  out 
what  makes  them  tick.  They  also  offer  a 
"Printer  and  Plotter"  repair  manual  for  $15. 
"Ribbon  Relinking"  ($8)  and  many  other  books 
on  subjects  ranging  from  stealth  technology  to> 
higlv-output  wood-burning  stoves.  If  you  want 
a  look  at  these  or  any  other  of  the  "secret 
agent"  style  books  they  offer,  call 
Consumertronics  at  (505)434-0234,  or  their 
order  line,  1-800-752-7701. 

(Consumertronics  also  advertise  these  wares 
in  Computer  Shopper. . .gfc ) 

"Finally  I  have  about  14  pages  of  goodies 
here  from  RMG  Enterprises,  1419  1/2  7th 
Street,  Oregon  City,  OR  97045,  (503)655-7484. 
Suffice  it  to  say  Rod  GOwen  has  a  little  of 
everything  for  the  T/S  enthusiast,  and  if  you 
haven't  had  the  chance  to  order  anything  from 
RMG,  please  do  so —  RMG  is  the  largest  dealer 
left  in  the  T/S  business  that  I  know  of,  and 
we  need  to  support  him  so  that  he  can  support 
us.  Among  the  goods  he  has  for  sale  are  disk 
drive  power  supplies  for  $13*50  (plus  $3 
shipping),  Larken  2068  software  package  •  ~s 
which  include  the  Larken  Disk  Editor  and  .ae 
MAXC0M  BBS  package,  lots  of  used  printers, 
Memotech  products,  disk  drives,  and  LOTS  of 
books  and  software  at  low,  low  prices. 

"Rod  is  now  distributing  his  packed  catalog 
as  Tasword  II  files  on  2068/Larken  disk,  so 
those  of  you  with  LKD0S  systems  can  print  out 
your  own  catalog  and  get  some  public  domain 
software  he's  including  on  the  disks  as  part 
of  the  deal.  Give  ROD  a  call  soon-^  find  out 
for  yourself,  because  there  are  bargains  in 
Oregon  City. 


2  -  ZX81  Computers 

2  -  16K  memory  modules 

1  -  Goldstar  TV  (modified  to  provide 

a  monitor  capability) 

All  for  a  nominal  price. 
Contact  Tom  Bradley 
Box  793 

Lenox,  MA  01240 

Note.. Tom  is  not  a  TTSUC  member » GFC . 


2  -  Amdek  3"  disk  drives  in  a  case 

w/built-^in  power  supply) 

20  -  3-inch  disks 

$120  or  best  offer. 

Contact  Greg  Lloyd 

127  Mammoth  Hall  Road, 

Scarborough,  Ont.  M1B  1P8 

phone  (416)  292  0348 


1  -  Byteback  modem  (for  the  TS1000/ZX81 ) 

with  software  &  documentation 

Contact  Art  Johnson 
13  Winstanley  Cresc. 
Toronto,  Ont.  M1B  1N3 
phone  (416)  282  8430 


Update  Magazine 

1317  Stratford  Ave. 
Panama  City,  FL  32404 
904  871  3556 

News  and  New  Products 




In  a  recent  issue  of  SINCJJNK,  a  list  of  our 
QL  Library  was  sent  to  the  QL  Interest  Members. 
It  is  also  available  to  might-be  QL'ers  on 

This  should  be  enough  to  get  something  going. 
More  will  be  added  as  I  find  time,  and  as 
material  comes  in.  As  a  start  it  may  not  be 
much,  but  I  feel  that  with  the  assistance  of 
the  members,  more  will  be  coming.  I  still  have 
some  material  to  be  added,  and  this  will  be 
notified  in  the  columns  as  it  comes  available. 

When  you  take  on  a  job  and  you  don't  know  what 
you  are  doing,  it  can  be  frustrating  at  times, 
but  I  have  enjoyed  it  very  much.  The  main 
problem  I  came  across  is  finding  out  which 
media  is  most  suitable  for  a  given  programme. 
I  use  Microdrives  and  Disk.  I  also  use  a  14" 
RGB  Monitor,  sometimes  a  TV,  as  many  of  us 
still  do.  Now  this  is  where  the  trouble 
starts.  I  get  along  fine  with  some  small  item 
on  RGB,  then  when  I  try  it  on  a  TV,  it  just 
don't  work  all  that  good.  There  is  just  not 
enough  space  on  a  TV  to  give  a  full  display. 

TOOLKIT  II  is  handy  for  switching  TV/MON,  but 
there  is  also  a  small  item  in  the  library  which 
will  do  this  for  you.  To  compound  the  problems, 
I  use  a  512  Expansion,  and  then  I  find  that 
something  was  made  for  the  unexpanded  QL.  Take 
the  game  SANTA  for  example.  Run  it  on  TV, 
everything  comes  up  roses,  (  Fir  Trees  I  should 
say  )  but  use  the  expanded  QL  and  what  you  get 
is  a  lot  of  fancy  accented  letters.  The  address 
is  wrong  !  By  the  way,  if  any  one  knows  where 
Santa  is  let  me  know,  I  have  a  lot  of  goodies 
to  ask  him  for. 

Some  of  the  material  I  have  will  just  not  work 
on  TV.  OK  in  TV  mode,  but  not  in  Monitor  Mode. 
Makes  an  interesting  exercise. 

Sometimes  it  is  fine  in  Colour,  but  no  good 
in  B  &  W,  the  colours  come  up  in  close  shades 
of  grey.  I  have  tried  to  use  material  that 
works  on  everything,  but  that  is  not  always 
possible.  So  I  try  to  give  an  indication  of  the 
best  method. 

Some  items  will  have  a  little  bug,  and  as  I  am 
no  programmer,  I  cannot  often  find  the  beast. 
This  is  where  all  you  folks  out  there  can  help. 
If  you  find  one  of  those  bugs,  let  me  know,  and 
I  will  pass  the  info  along  to  everyone  else  and 
also  amend  the  Library  accordingly.  If  you 
require  assistance,  ask  me,  the  worst  that  can 
happen  is  that  I  don't  know,  (  thats  the  good 
part  )  but  at  least  there  will  now  be  TWO 
people  working  on  the  problem.  Get  the  idea  ? 

Another    thing  I  would    very  strongly  recommend 
to  the  QL'er  who    does    not    have    an  expanded 
memory.    Get  one  as  soon  as  possible.  The  extra 
cost    is  more  than   repaid  by  the    sheer  joy  of 
what  can  be  accomplished.  So  many  programmes. 
So  many  Games.  The  whole  expanse  of  the  QL  is 
broadened  by  this  one  little  item.  Ask  Santa. 
(    I  believe    "  Home    Address,  Anywhere."    is  a 
good  place  to  start. ) 

Now  I  don't    know  whether    the  Upper    Brass  in 
the  Club    will  agree  with    me    or    not,    but  I 
strongly  advise  the  QL'er    to    get    a    hold  of 
UPDATE.    This  magazine  has  a    lot  of  good  stuff 
in    it  for  the  QL'er.     (also  for  other  Sinclair 
Users)  It   comes  out  four  times    a  year,  and  is 
full  of    goodies.  I  would  just    love  to  be  able 
to  use  their  QL  MAGAZINE  material  in  Sinc_Link. 
Are  you  listening    Bill  Jones    ?  You     too  Bill 
Cable  ?    Pity  Quantum  Levels  is  down  the  chute, 
they  were  excellent  also.  What  happened  ?.  By 
the    way,  don't  forget  your  old  pal  Daddy  Sine. 
The  guy    who    got    you   all    started    in  this. 
Sincjjink    is  one  way  to  keep  in  touch  with  all 
the  other  Sincers  -  (  skuse  me  -    just  got  back 
from  a    fishing  trip  -    Lost  a  4    foot  Muskie  - 
Caught  a  4  lb  walleye  -  stacks  of  4  inch  perch. 
Worms    at  15  cents  a  shot    -  and  you  think  life 
is    tough  ?  One  worm, one  sunf ish,one  worm------ 

go  buy  a  computer,  its  cheaper.  )  EH  ?  Uh  huh. 
For  the  cost  of  5  worms  you  could  buy  1  floppy. 

You  know  the  old  saying?  You  gotta  Sine  or 
Swim?  Well  I  feel  that  I  am  swimming,  so  lets 
get  some  material  in  here,  we  need  it,  and  if 
you  have  something  you  can  be  sure  that  someone 
somewhere  is  in  need  of  that  little  tid_bit  you 
are  keeping  to  your  self.  Send  it  in.  We  need 
it.  And  if  you  have  a  problem,  lets  share  it, 
thats  how  we  survive.  Sharing  information. 

A  Library  is  only  as  good  as  the  material  it 
contains,  and  is  of  no  value  if  no  one  uses  it. 
A  Library  must  have  fresh  material  coming  in, 
and  is  only  as  good  as  the  material  sent  in. 
Please  help.  Use  our  facilities.  Give  us  your 
expertise.  Can  we  be  of  assistance  ? 
Please  ? 

Hugh  H.Howie. 
QL  Librarian. 


George  says  the  above  applies  to  the  other  Club 
Libraries  also.  So  git  goin  folks,  an  thet 
me ens  0. . .  By  the  way,  I  went  up  to  the  cottage 
last  week  and  caught  a  45  inch  Muskie ,  ...  I 
did. . . I  did. . . I  did. . . 


Here  is  a  neat  little  one_liner  to  give  you  a 
Directory  of  your  Cartridge  or  Disk. 

Open  #3 , serl:   dir  #3,  radvl_ 

The  ports  and  drives  can  be  altered  to  suit 
your  setup.        Try  it. 

H.  H.  H. 



by   Steve  Spalding 

In   the    WINTER    87    issue    of  the 
Pixel   Print   Press   was   a   4  para- 
graph   item   about  customizing 
Pixel   Print    to   make   a   3   column  • 
printout.    Stan   suggested  making 
the   double   size   option    into  a 
center    column.     I'd    like    to  sug- 
gest   the   following    changes  to 
the   2   column   program   to    give  you 
a   3   column   version   that  still 
includes   the   double   size  option. 

We'  11   set   up   a   new   c  o  m  m  a n d   o  n 
the   main   menu   called   TOGGLE,  or 
TAB    if    you   prefer.    How   are  we 
going   to   squeeze    a   new   com  m  a  n d 
into    the   machine    code?    Easv,  ue 
don't  !     We    steal   one   that's  "on  the 
m a  in    men u    a  lread y .    Wed o n 1 1 
REflLLV   need    the   QUIT   command, you 
c a n   b r e a k   t he   program   by  select- 
ing  the    Graph  ics    command  and 
then    using   SH  IFT  +  BREfiK. 

The    new   command   w  i  1 
"toggle"    between    the  o 
h  a  v  i  n g   a   C enter   col  u  m  n 
Right   col  u  m  n   p  r  i  n  t  o  u  t 
to    the   Printer   menu.  I 
Quit    on   the   main  menu 
see    T>C    or    T  >  R  telling 
option    is    set.  Center 
Simply    set   the  Toggle 
going   to   the   Printer  m 
i n g   a    Left   or   D o u b  1  e  S 
is    the   same   as  before. 

1  let  us 
pt  ion  of 

or  a 
when   we  go 
nstead   o f 
you  will 

you  which 
o  r    Rig  h  t . 
enu.  Print- 
ize   co  lumn 

t  ii  e: 

DETR  I  L_S  - 

1 .  LO fl D    y o u r    c u s t on i z e d    v e r  s  i o n 
of    Pixel    Print.  PLUS! 

2.  Qu  it    to  BASIC 

3 .  M a  k  e   the   f  o  1  1  o w i  n g   P 0 K E  S : 

POKE  33463,34  -  T 

POKE  33464,62  -  > 

POKE  3  3  4  6  5 ;  6  7  -  C 

POKE  33  4  6  6, 3  2  -  space 

POKE    3367  S ,  8 4   -    m a  k  e   menu    see  T 

POKE    3572  1,67    -   set    Toggle    for  C 

The    next   three    POKES    are    for  the 
column    TAB    positions.    You  will 
h  a  v  e    to    e  x per iment    with    y o u r 
p  r  inte r    to   s  e  t  these. 

P  0  K  E    3  9  57  0,  r.        LEFT  column 
example:    on   m y   printer   n  =  4 

P  0 K  E    3  9  5 7  1 ,  n 2      CENTER    c o  1  u m  n 
example:     on    my    printer    n  2  =  3  O 

POKE    39  57  2, n 3      DOUBLE  SIZE 
e  x a m  p  1  e :    o n    m y   printer    n  3  =  5 

Look    in    your    Printer   manual  to 
get   the    next   number    to  poke. 

POKE    39593, n4 

Sets  Dot  Density 
to    120  d.p.i. 

4. Add   these   2    lines   of  BASIC. 

3000    IF    PEEK    33465=67    THEN  POKE 
33465,  82:  POKE    3572  1,  82:  POKE  3957 
1,  n5:  POKE   3  5  598,  32:  POKE  35599,82 
:  POKE    35600,  105:  POKE    35601,  10?- 
POKE    3  5602 
GO    TO  200C 

104:  POKE    35603,  1  16: 

3010   POKE    33465, 67: POKE    357  2  1,6 
:POKE    3  9  571, n 2: POKE  35598,67: 
POKE    3  5599,  101:  POKE    3  56  00,  1  10: 
POKE    356  0 1,  1  16:  POKE    3  5  602,10  1: 
POKE    3  5603, 114:     GO    TO    2  000 

Please   note   that    in    LINE    3  000 
the   n u  nber   y  o u   are   p  o  king  into 
address   3  9  571    <  n  5  >  ,     is    the  TAB 
v  =u  1  u e    for    a   RIGHT    column.  With  rn 
P r  o gram    it    w o r  k  e  d    o u  t    t  o    be  56. 
In    LINE   3 0 1 0   y o u    are   p o king   n 2 
into    the    same    address    for  the 
CENTER   column    TAB    pos  it  i o n . 

You  can  now  SAME  the 
3  CO  LUMN  Pixel  Print 
something  like: 

c  u  s  t  o  m  i  z  e  d 
P  LUS!  us  in 9 

SAVE    "PP+3"LINE    9  000 

S  A E    "  P  P  +  3  c o  d e "  C 0 D  E   2  9  5 00,  1  1 8 00 

Don't  forget 
name  in  LI  N  E 
to   match  the 

t  o    change    the  file- 
9  000   of    the    BAS IC 
new   CODE  filename. 

G  e  1 1  i  n  q    the   best   n u  m  b  e  r 
LEFT, CENTER, and    RIGHT  t 
take   some    fiddling  with 
e  a s i  e  s  t   w  a y   to   come   u  p 
best   v a  lues   ma y   be    to  p 
s  o  m  e   n u m  b  e  r  s   and  print 
columns.    You   can   then  g 
and    change    them    in  the 
a  rid    re  S  A  V  E    o  n  c  e    y  o  u  1  re 
with   the    lay  o u  t . 

s  f  o  r 
a  b  s  w 
.  The 
k  o 
m  e 

O  Q 

t  i 

W  1 

i  c 
s  o 


s  a 

i  1 

o  u  t 
s  f  i 



The  3  co  lumn 
g  i  v  e  s  y  o  u  a 
lets  y  o  u  p  u t 
page  than  be 
one  sma  1  1  pr 
c  a  u  s  e  t  h  e  v  e 
same  as  be  f o 
t  a  1  has  been 
SCREENS,  icon 
c  o  1  u  m n  will 
e  d  from  n o  r  m 
You    might    1  i 

1  3  y  o 
d  i  f  f  e 
5  0'; 
r  e . 
1  e  m 
i  c  a 
o  m  p 
t  c 
s  1 
.  An 

o  b 
r  e 

a  1 

m  o 
,  G 

r  e 

i  9 
y  w 

r  e 

R  A 


0  t 


1  9 

1  v 

o  n 

0  o  k 
n  e 

1  C  S 

h  o  r 
a  n 
a  r 
d  i 

t  r  y 


a  c 

i  s 
i  z 

s  t 

u  t 

B  e  - 
t  h  e 

0  n  - 

1  n  a 
o  r  t  - 
t . 







We  carry  ALL  hardware  and  software  lines  tor  the  Sindair  QL. 
We  also  cany  the  Z88. 


Sharp's,  Inc. 

Rt.  10,  Box  459 
Mechanicsville,  VA  23111 
(804)  746-1664  or  730-9697 

Also    calculate    the    TAB    for  the 
RIGHT    col u m n ,    we'll    need    it  s o o n . 



TO  1  OOP     V  ±  ci€=?c3     E>*~  ±  ver 

Many  circuits  have  been  published 
within  these  pages  and  elsewhere  for 
hookipg  up  your  TS1000  to  a  monitor  to 
get  rid  of  the  " Crawl ies"  associated 
with  VHF  television.  The  following 
circuit  was  published  in  the  book 
"Build  A  Microcomputer — Control led 
Robot"  by  B.  C.  Taylor  of  Budget 
Robotics  &  Computing  and  is  an 
improvement  on  the  circuit  developed 
by  Mike  Lord  in  his  Explorers  Guild, 

The  components  are  easy  to  obtain  and 
can  be  assembled  with  point-to-point 
wiring  or  on  a  small  piece  of  VERO 
board.  When  installed,  it  allows  you 
to  use  both  a  TV  and  a  composite 
monitor  at  the  same  time  (ideal  for 
demonstrations) . 

Tl  2N2221 

D1-D3         1N4148  or  1N914 

CI  O.luF  Poly  capacitor 

Rl  33  ohms,    1/4  watt  Resistor 

R2  100  ohms,    1/4  watt  Resistor 

SI  RCA  phono  socket 

Small  guage  stranded  wire 
Coaxial     cable     (an  extra 
monitor     cable     cut     in  two 
can  substitute  for  the  RCA 
socket  and  cable) 

When  mounting  the  circuit  inside  the 
computer  case,  take  extra  care  to 
prevent  electrical  shorts  from 
occur ing  that  might  damage  the 
computer.  Wrap  the  circuit  with  tape 
or  mount  it  so  that  it  does  not  touch 
any  metallic  surfaces. 

A  Printer  Fix 
by  G.  Chambers 

On  the  Club  Larken  Disk  #2  (OMNIBUS)  there  ip 
a  program  called'  "indexO.Cm'*.  It  is  a  TIME 
MACHINE^compiled  version  of  a  Basic  program. 
Two  places  in  the  program  have  a  call  for  a 
printer.  The  program  checks  to  see  if  the 
printer  is  ON.  If  the  printer  is  not  in  place 
or  is  not  turned  on  the  program  flashes  a 
reminder  to  turn  the  printer  on. 

This  is  a  neat  feature,  however  it  does 
cause  problems.  It  presumes  the  printer  will 
return  values  of  58  (small  printer  ON)  and  237 
(large  printer  on).  My  printer  does  not  return 
these  values.  Instead  the  responses  from  my 
printers  are  56  and  108. 

The  solution  is  to  POKE  new  values  into 
eight  addresses  in  the  "indexO.Cm"  code.  The 
POKEs  in  my  case  werei 

POKE  32325,56      (old  58)  small  printer 

POKE  32357,108    (old  237)  large  printer 

POKE  32425,56 

POKE  32457.108 

POKE  34344,56 

POKE  34376,108 

POKE  34430,56 

POKE  34462,108 

To  find  out  the  correct  code  numbers  for 
your  setup  run  the  following  lines  1 
10  LET  n  *  IN  251 

20  PRINT  AT  10,10,"      "{AT  10,10jn 
30  GOTO  10 

Experiment  by  turning  the  TS2040  printer  on 
and  off.  Then  change  the  program 1  LET  n  s  12? 
and  do  the  same  thing  for  the  large  printer. 
Verify  the  addresses  have  the  old  numbers 
shown  above j  then  POKE  in  the  new  numbers  and 
re^SAVE  the  program.  This  will  need  to  be  done 
with  each  copy  of  the  program  you  happen  to 


New  Lower  Prices  end  NFW  PROPUCTS! 

n  Announcing:  PIX— FX 
□  SPECTERM-64(TS-4.1)  u 

300/1200  TwiwwsJ  Software  for  T/SZOM 
On  .«  O.  AFRnn.  1  .rw.r,  o.ak  or  tap*. 

Contest**  with  2050  mod»m  or  atandard 
RS-232e  mod«a>  with  2-SI/O  (b.lowi. 
Only   S17.50    ♦    $2.50  S&H 

□  Z-SI/O  Bare  Boards 

RS-232e  Sorwl  tntarf.c.  tor  T/S2068, 
With  FREE  ?t«0  or#    Eiay  to  aaaawbt*. 
Only   $24.50    ♦    $2.50  S&H 

[]  MAX-C0M  Software 

100/1200  Tarmnal/BBS  Soft  war.  for  th. 
T/S  206*  with  LARKEN  (v  ol  D„k  Sv.taia. 
Only   $25.00    *    $2.50  S4H 

LARKEN  Disk  Hardware; 

}  Um  Disk  Svsta 

ivkjdai  LARKEN  Flow  Disk  Intartaca.  LKDOS  <v,3 
jrtncxw.  Uiwra«ns  Manual  ana  UvOOS    titan  Duk. 
Only   $125.00    *    $5.00  S&H 

]  [MB  Turnkey"  Systea 

includ.i  *»«r»thing  abov*  plua  on.  diak 
drive,  with  caa*.  powar  tupplv  and  driv.  caoic. 
If,  P^rtv  to  ftn,  mat  cormact  to  th*  T/S2068. 
Only    $225    1    up    ♦    $15  S&H    Y  0  if  R    O  u  N    !vit.«i  ''ALL 

[  ]  LXDOS  Cartridge  for  QUGER  Systea 

?p»ciaHv  confiour»d  LKDOS  (v  3)  Cartndo.  that 
vorka  with  vour  AO  SAFE  Desk  hardwar*.  tekdaa 
Op.rattng  Manual  and  LKDOS  Utihti.a'  Oiak. 
Only    $65.00    ♦    $3.50  S&H 

Now  YOU  can  tak.  a  T/S2068  tcr.ani  and  an  aorta  oi  SPECIAL  EFFECTS.  Ulrap 
vour  SCJ  around  a  alob..  ehans.  p»rap«ctiv«. 
maqrafv.  rpouca.  and  mara.  SCS  plua  mora,  r"  'I 
Clown  CVnua.  u«a  «»»ooard  or  loyaock.  Da*  or.v* 
compatible.  ExcaHant  documentation. 
On  tap-:  $25.00  ♦  $2.50  S&H 
On    dia»k:    $30.00    *    $2.50  S&H 

Hodeis,  Printers  and— 

[   ]  Avatex  EOO<e>  OOGV^EOD)  $69 

[  3  Sa».ko.h«  180AI  (100/20)..$159 
C   ]  S*eko*na  SL80AI  (24  pm)..$335 

[  ]  Wor6Wara3  <CP/r-0-$4O  ♦  $5  S&H 
IneL  Oafux.  MicroPro  US  annual,  ueeradaol.. 
[  1  PC-Oraw<wJ)_Jn2  <•  S2-5Q  S&H 
C.rou.t  Bd  p«>  for  T/S2068 
C  1  DO  IW  Svaa=*»JSESO  ♦  $3  S&H 
110/220  AC  :  DC  .12V  2.6A,  «5V  l.iA 
C  3  SJ25"  Dmi»*tmm-2&tt2J50  *  S&H 
Ua.d  one*.  PREMIUM  QUALITY,  qmrinletd. 

sauattasesz  wit  wro  «»  r^TL?4 °°; 

ee.  prewar:  SUOO.  »a.  aoftwarr.  S2J50.  (COO  add 
$3.50,  CA  add  salea  tax,  Cana>d»  doubt.  SSHt 

by  Rene  Bruneau 



Continuad    TiT—.w./'    Simoart   is   brouent    to   you  by: 

Ed  Grey  Enterprises 

P.O.   Box    4*2186.   Insl.wood.   CA  90306 

Info  »  213-759-7406  «  Order 
Ctll  he  fifty  Mtr  SBS  k  HCf/l  (m-STWU) 

by  Dan  Pinko 

I  recently  received  Data-Skip's  VIDEOFACE 
Interface  and  Software  and  was  so  impressed 
with  this  product  I  wanted  the  rest  of  the 
|  TIMEX/SINCLAIR  world  to  know  of  its  existence 
so  here  is  a  short  review  of  this  product. 

VIDEOFACE  takes  a  video  signal  either  from 
a  TV  or  VCR  equipped  with  a  VIDEO  OUT  jack  and 
transfers  this  signal  into  a  digitized  format 
that  can  be  used  by  the  SINCLAIR  SPECTRUM 
(2068)  Computer  as  a  screen  display.  The 
hardware  part  of  the  package  consists  of  a 
unit  a  little  wider  than  the  old  ZX81  RAMPACK, 
with  a  SPECTRUM  through  edge  connector,  a  jack 
located  on  the  left  side  (for  VIDEO  IN 
signal),  a  small  variable  control  above  the 
jack  and  aproximately  in  the  center  of  the 
unit,  and  two  LEDs  n  one  red  and  one  green. 

The  unit  is  designed  to  plug  into  the  back 
of  the  SPECTRUM  computer,  with  the  through 
edge  connector  allowing  you  to  connect  the 
SINCLAIR  printer  or  the  2040  printer.  I  have 
one  of  my  TIMEX  2068  Computers  connected  to 
through  one  of  the  -TWISTER"  boards  that 
simulates  the  SPECTRUM  bus.  The  INTERFACE  1 
has  the  standard  SPECTRUM  bus  available  at  the 
rear  of  the  unit  allowing  me  to  plug  the 
/IDEOFACE  directly  into  the  rear  of  the 

The  VIDEOFACE  requires  the  standard  1  volt 
VIDEO  signal  that  is  found  on  all  VCRs  (the 
signal  from  my  TOSHIBA  VCR  works  just  great). 
When  the  unit  is  powered  up  the  green  LED  is 
lit  anytime  there  is  a  video  signal  present  at 
the  input  jack.  The  one  variable  control  is 
referred  to  as  the  "SLICE"  control.  This 
determines  the  level  of  the  video  signal  at 
which  the  electronics  either  turns  on  that 
specific  screen  pixel  or  turns  it  off.  This 
allows  you  to  control  the  computer  generated 
screen  all  the  way  from  a  totally  white  screen 
to  an  all  black  screen.  The  unit  is  I/O  mapped 
and  the  red  LED  only  comes  on  when  the  unit 
has  been  accessed. 

The  VIDEOFACE  is  manufactured  in  HOLLAND  and 
I  was  concerned  whether  the  unit  would  work 
wit8  the  our  TV  system  so  before  ordering  the 
unit  I  wrote  Data-Skip  and  asked  if  it  would 
work  with  the  NTCS  TV  system.  They  wrote  back 
saying  that  it  should  work  and  my  experience 
has  proven  this  to  be  correct.  European  TV  has 
a  higher  resolution  than  ours  and  the  only 
problem  that  I  have  found  (not  really  a 
problem)  is  that  the  screen  wraps  around  if 
you  use  the  cursor  keys  and  scan  the  most 
right  and  bottom  of  the  TV  image. 

I  was  also  interested  in  the  electronics 
inside  the  unit  and  wanted  to  know  if  the  unit 
could  be  plugged  directly  into  the  2068,  A 
preliminary  inspection  shows  that  the  unit 
uses  the  following  edge  connections  -  DO  to 
D7,  RD,  IORQ,  A7,  A6,  Al,  AO,  GND  and  +9v.  All 
of  these  signals  except  the  +9v  are  located  on 
the  same  traces  of  the  SPECTRUM  and  2068 
busses  in  reference  to  the  SLOT  location.  The 
+9v  trace  on  the  SPECTRUM  is  not  used  on  the 
2068  and  the  VIDEOFACE  uses  the  +9v  and  a  7805 
voltage  regulator  to  power  the  unit. 

The  SPECTRUM  was  prone  to  overheating 

?roblems  and  I  assume  the  designers  of  the 
IDEOFACE  decided  to  add  their  own  +5v  so  as 
not  to  overload  the  SPECTRUM'S  5v  supply.  The 
2068  uses  a  switching  power  supply  and  can 
handle  a  greater  load  on  its  +5v  supply  so  a 
simple  modification  to  the  unit  may  make  it 
2068  compatable.  I  have  NOT  tried  modifying 
the  VIDEOFACE  but  plan  to  in  the  near  future 
and  will  notify  the  newsletter  as  to  the  * 

The  software  that  comes  with  the  unit 
consists  of  a  short  BASIC  and  machine  CODE 
program.  The  machine  code  is  the  work  horse 
portion  of  the  program,  controlling  the 
interface  and  displaying  and  storing  the 
digitized  video  signal  in  memory.  The  BASIC 
handles  the  main  introductory  screen  and  all 
SCREEN$  saving  to  Microdrive ,  Cassette  or 
Disk  drives.  It  is  easily  MERGEd  and  changed 
to  handle  any  Disk  drive  system  you  may  have. 
I  had  no  problems  converting  the  software  to 
Microndrive  or  to  my  OLIGER  disk  drives. 

The  software  works  in  SPECTRUM  mode  only  and 
is  VERY  GOOD.  The  VIDEO  image  is  scanned  3 
times  a  second,  thus  a  slow  moving  or  still 
picture  is  not  required  and  my  experence  with 
the  unit  indicates  that  a  usable  image  is 
almost  always  available  from  most  TV  programs. 
The  software  stores  the  last  six  digitized 
screens  in  memory  constantly  updating  them. 
You  can  at  any  time  stop  the  scanning  and 
review  the  last  6  stored  screens,  picking  out 
the  best  one.  to  save  or  send  to  the  printer  or 
just  watch  a  simple  6  screen  animation  show. 
The  speed  at  which  the  computer  switches  from 
one  screen  to  the  next  can  also  be  controlled 
over  a  wide  range  by  using  the  'F'  and  *S' 
keys.  Since  the  2068  has  a  screen  resolution 
of  256  *  192  pixels  the  whole  TV  screen  cannot 
be  displayed  at  one  time,  but  by  using  the  k 
cursor  keys  (5»6»7  and  8)  you  can  shift  the 
screen  around  locating  the  best  view. 

The  unit  does  not  color  the  picture  -  the 
screen  is  black  INK  on  white  PAPER  and  the 
actual  SCREEN$  SAVE  is  a  CODE  SAVE  of  6lkk 
bytes  leaving  out  the  Attributes  section.  This 
code  can  be  loaded  into  any  ART  type  program 
and  then  modified  and  coloured  to  the  user's 
satifaction.  I  have  noticed  that  the  VIDEOFACE 
prefers  a  colour  video  signal  and  produces  a 
screen  picture  with  more  shading  than  when 
feed  a  black  and  white  picture  (this  produces 
a  very  high  contrast  picture  but  can  produce 
some  interesting  effects. 

The  unit  comes  with  a  very  short,  poorly 
written  manual,  being  translated  from  Dutch 
into  English  and  although  helpful  it  is  hard 
to  understand  in  some  places.  The  software 
makes  up  for  this  and  once  you  load  the 
program,  within  a  few  minutes  you  will  be 
familiar  with  all  the  features. 

I  recommend  that  the  source  of  the  video 
signal  be  a  VCR  because  it  allows  you  to 
rewind  and  view  the  picture  over  again 
adjusting  the  SLICE  control  until  you  have  the 
exact  picture  you  want.  I  originally  used  the 
direct  signal  from  the  TV  but  found  that  while 
adjusting  the  SLICE  control  I  would  miss  the 
picture  I  wanted  to  save.  By  recording  the 
program  and  then  using  the  VCR  this  was  no 
longer  a  problem.  I  did  run  into  one  very  big 
problem  though  -  I  got  so  enthusiastic  about 


saving  screens  that  within  the  first  hour  I 
had  filled  a  60  minute  cassette  tape  with 
SCREEN!  dumps.  After  using  it  for  a  while  you 
learn  to  be  more  selective  with  what  you  save. 

Having  used  this  product  for  the  last  few 
weeks  I  know  that  it  was  money  well  spent  and 
I  will  be  using  it  for  a  long  time  to  come 
(not  like  some  of  the  software  I  have 
purchased  and  looked  at  once).  If  you  have  any 
interest  in  screen  displays  either  for 
business  or  just  for  fun  I  highly  recommend 
this  product.  The  possibilities  are  endless. 

The  price  including  AIRMAIL  from  Holland  was 
$93.00  (US  funds)  in  December  but  this  may 
have  changed  because  of  the  constant  changing 
dollar  so  please  check  with  DATA-SKIP  before 
ordering  your  VIDEOFACE. 

Their  address  ist 


2801  WC  GOUDA, 

Is     the     OK JM ATE  20 
TS2068  printer? 

an  IBM  parallel  Plug  'n  Print  cartridge  is  used. 

OKI  SO  FEATURES?  The  GK I  20  can  print  in 
WL8»  draft,  pica,  elite,  fine,  double  width,  italics,  sub/ 
superscript,  i  underline.  Plain  or  thereal  paper  (tractor/ 
friction  feed)  or  acetate  transparencies  can  oe  used. 

"COLOR  COPY'  supports  FULL  COLOR 'and  b/w  SCREENS  due?s  4 
8 PAINT  I  COPY*  features  Hl-MS  fCD£ coloring  and  copying. 

loadable  character  sets  of  custoa  cnaracters  and  graphics 
can  be  designed  and  trans fered  to  an  OKI  20.  The  utility 
software  'OKI  D.LC.G.'  allows  for  easy  design  of  custoi 
char,  sets  and  'OKI  D.L.P.S.'  can  transfer*  a  portion  of  a 
SHEENS  picture  into  a  downline  loadable  character  set. 

OK  IMA  TE  SO  EXPENSIVE?  No,  the  OKI  20 
ft  Plug  'n  Print  cart,  are  widely  available  for  about  51 90. 
Far  a  print  saeple,  info,  on  2068  software  for  the  OKI  20, 
and  a  list  of  OKI  20  dealers/prices,  send  a  LSASE  to: 
Johm  McMichael  ^^NEf 
1710  Palmer  Dr.  [OKI MATE  tC 
Laramie,    WY   82070  V  SUPPOR T 

ONTARIO  CANADA    N6K  2P8     (519)  657-9119 

If  you  do  any  work  with  the  innards  of 
your  computer,  it    is    prudent    to  keep 
yourself  grounded  so  that  you  won't  zap 
memory    chips    which    are  particularly 
sensitive.  A    grounding    strap    is  good 
insurance  but  the    commercial    ones  are 
very  expensive.  You  can  make  a  good  one 
for  less  than  $5.00.  Take  two    25x60  mm 
pieces  of  conducting  foam  that    ICs  are 
shipped  in  and  sandwich  a  12cm  length  of 
lamp  cord  wire  between  them.  Strip  about 
4cm  of  insulation  from  one    end    of  the 
wire  and  cement    that    end    between  the 
pieces  of  foam  with  quick  drying  cement. 
Try  not  to  coat  the  bare  wire  completely 
but  be  sure  that  the  insulated    part  is 
well    coated.      Clamp        the  sandwich 
overnight.  Tie  and  solder  the  protruding 
end  of    the    wire    to    a    S-foot  coiled 
telephone  cord.  Attach  the  other  end  of 
the    phone    cord    to    a    grounding  wire 
through  a  1  Meg  resistor.  The  grounding 
wire  should  run  to  a    water    pipe.  Hang 
the  coiled  cord  on    a    hook    under  your 
work  bench  or  desk.     To    use    it  simply 
unhook  the  cord  and  tuck    the    foam  pad 
into  the  top  of  your    sock.     The  coiled 
cord  will  be  out  of  the  way  on  the  floor 
but  you  can  still  wander  around  the  room 
without  having  to  disconnect  yourself . 

Need  a  fine  soldering  iron  to  deal 
with  those  microscopic  traces  on  a  PC 
board?  Take  a  foot  or  so  of  12  gauge 
copper  wire  and  wrap  it  tightly  around 
the  tip  of  your  soldering  iron.  Leave 
about  an  inch  of  the  wire  sticking 
straight  out  from  the  tip  and  file  it  to 
shape.  It  looks  as  ugly  as  sin  but  is 
very  effective.  One  source  of  12-gauge 
wire  is  house  wire.  Split  the  casing  to 
get  the  wires  out  and  strip  the 
insulation  from  them. 





frmaat  ...  OK.  now  ....  Who  i  rtt  Drama  of 


>  I  s     the     OK  /MATE  20 

|         the  ULTIMATE 

|     TS2068    printer?  le^^ 

I  ^/SF  H/AERCO  PRINTER   ISF?  Yes,  if 
an  IBM  parallel  dug  'n  Print  cartridge  is  used. 

OKI  £Q  FEATURES?  T>»  OK!  20  can  print  in 
mj,  *-aft,  pica,  tiitt,  fine,  axalt  »idth,  italics,  sub/ 
suxrscnpt,  I  underline.  Plain  or  theml  paper  (tractor/ 
friction  feed)  or  acetate  transpanneies  can  bt  used. 

Color  printing  is  possible  and  »ith  'COLOR  COPY'  sof  taare, 
FULL  COLOR      black  t  »hite  SCREENS  copies  are  possible. 

loadable  character  sets  of  custom  characters  and  graphics 
can  be  designed  and  transfered  to  an  OKI  20.  The  utility  • 
softvare  'OKI  D.L.C.G.'  allow  for  easy  design  of  custoe  ', 
char,  sets  and  *0KI  D.L.P.G.*  can  transfer*  a  portion  of  a " 
SCREENS  picture  into  a  dowiline  loadable  character  set. 

OH  I  MATE  SO  EXPENSIVE?  No,  the  OKI  20 
I  Plug  'n  Print  cart,  are  aideiy  available  for  about  $180. 
for  a  print  sample,  info,  an  2068  software  for  the  OKI  20, 
ana  a  list  of  OKI  20  dealers/prices,  send  a  LSASE  to: 

John     McMichael  ; 
♦♦♦  1  710  Palmer  Dr.  1 

♦♦♦  Laramie,  WY  S2070  ♦♦♦ t, 

A  tboc  FAST  LOAD  oecaArxna 
system!  Check  out  thcsc 
rcrruQes,  .  . 

-Only  1536  i>ytes  long  ano 


31800  4no  64000! 
-TSS068  Atto  Sccctqum  48K- 

-H4M0LES  ALL  ST4N0400  I/O 


SELECT -4&LE.  ( AfW  COLOR  AT  ALL'.) 
-New   COMMANDS    SUCH   At  NO  f*ESS/4GE 

aho  HE/OER  RE/CePI 
-&a\jo  batzs  raon  1500  uo  to  3300 
-Uses  a  PRINT  «4: I/O  comm^no 

E+FRST  ....$2.95  ppd 

Unleash  the  poher  of  vour 
printer  with  this  software 

P4CK40C.  .  . 


TVE  L/C€LEP.  T5-E  C.450  M.4XEP, 



14.ITY  VINYL  4L&UM.  Incluoes 


The  Print  Factory... 35  ppd 


Hlso  available  Iron  BY1E  FUO 

First  Cl><ss  Form  II....  122.95 
The  D. US.  V2.0  (LKDOS). 132. 95 

The  Voice  12Z-~S 

The  Print  F4CTORy. ......  Ice  95 

2+F.-ST  (F4ST  L040)  J22.9S 

ZX81   1ST  CL4SS   PR0QR4HS.  112.95 

BYTE  POEP.  H^a4ZiNC. . . 

1  Issue  ( s>4ck/ current) . .  *  15. 99 

6  Issues  CO 

12  Issues  155.00 

First  Cl4SS  P4Ck  mo.00 

Best  Of  Aqcacz  G4mes. . . . *££. 95 

Best  Of  Business  *S5r2i 

Best  Of  Bo4ho  Q4mcs  $22.95 

OEMO  T.4PE/C4T.4.0G  «3.  00 

U.S.  FLtOS  ONLY.  .4ll  prices 




—  MAXCOM  —    300/1200  baud  Terminal  /  BBS 

-  Complete  communications  S/W  for  the  LKD0S-206B 

-  300  oaud  Kith  the  2050  or  Full  L200  baud  with 
no  missed  characters.  U200  requires  Z-SI0) 

-  64  column  Terminal  Mode  with  IBM  Graphics 
Auto  dial,  Macros  .direct  to  disk  buffer. 

-  Powerful  Remote  user  BBS  with  fast  responce 
Auto  answer,  Xmodem  128/512,1024,  Message  bases 
Muiti  window,  Direct  access  to  drives  and  more. 

-  Direct  modem  to  disk'  Xmodem  lets  you  transfer 
files  over  100K    in  length  (  eg:  NMI  saves  etd 

Price  :  M9.95 

Sequential  /  Random  Access  Files 

-  This  ram  based  LKdos  extension  allows  you  to 
create  /  access  large  disk  based  data  files 
OPEN*  CLOSE*  PRINT*  INPUT*  and  INKEYS*  basic 
commands  are  used  . 

Price  :  S9.95 


-  Edit  any  byte  on  a  disk,  Reformat  single  tracks 

-  Read  disk  headers  ,  Change  disk  parameters  etc 
Price  :  $15.00 

LKDOS  SHARE-WARE  DISK  (Original  programs  r^red) 

-  MULTI-TASKING  Tasword.  Lets  you  be  printing 

file  from  disk  while  working  on  another.  fierce cm 

-  ART-STUDIO  patch  for  LKdos.  MC  cassete  routines 
converted  to  disk.  _  r^m 

-  spec-term  64  LKdos  overlay.  Save  Basic  or  Code 
Transfers  to  disk  with  no  messing  about. 

Price  :  *6-00 

<AU  software  requires  LKDOS  cartridge     Price:  $65) 

Time  Designs  Magazi  lie  presents  I 

Mike's  QL  'Hot  Tips'  | 

An  edited  compendium  of  the  best  of  £ 

Or.  Mike  de  Sosa's  articles  and  reviews  For  | 

Time  Designs  plus  new  material  by  the  author  It 

of  Taking  tt>»  Quanta*  Ltapi  7t>A  Last  Uertf  On 

the  Sinciair  QL.  *  S 


flwa 1 1 ab  1  e  on  floppy  disk  or  flicrodrive  cor tr idoes .  i 

Shipped  by  First  Class  toil  w i thin  one  ueek  ol  order.  8 

On  one  721*  5.23"  floppy  disk  . 
On  luo  Ml  5,25'  floppy  disks  . 
On  om  llil  3.5'  floppy  disk  .  . 
On  sii  fiicrodrivt  csr  tr  idoes  .  . 

.  J  19.53  »  S  t  H 

.  I  20.95  ♦  S  I  H 

.  I  22.95  ♦  S  I  H 

.  I  37 .55  »  5  t  H  tJ 

t  Still  ivoilobje  froi  Tiie  Designs  at  t  25  PPO. 

tt  Printout  the  'Hot  lips'  and  then  use  the  flkrodrive 
cortridget  for  other  purposes. 

ftvo stable  only  froi 


liie  Oesigns  fligozine 
25722  Hull  !ood 
Cotton,  Oregon  97017 

Telephone;  (503)  824-2658 
VISA  and  MASTERCARD  orders  accepted 




Does  the  QL  Multitask  ?    NOT  QUITE. 

Back  to  the  old  tale  that  the  QL  is  a 
Multitasking  machine.    A  true  Multitasking 
unit,  is  one  which  is  capable  of  performing  two 
or  more  tasks  at  the  same  INSTANT.  The  QL  does 
not  do  this.    No,  it  does  not.  What  it  does  do, 
is  perform  a  number  of  tasks  in  a  strict 
routine  of  importance. 

Now,  having  got  that  off  ray  chest,  I  have 
probably  peeked  your  interest  a  little,  and  you 
are  now  asking  how  I  came  to  that  conclusion, 
and  the  answer  is  simple,    by  observation. 

I  have  Task_master,  and  I  use  it  a  lot,  it  is 
one  of  the  MOST  programmes  for  the  QL'er.  The 
only  snag  with  it  is  that  it  requires  at  least 
256K  of  extra  memory.    If  you  have  that,  and 
you  use  the  four  Psion  programmes,  then  you 
should  have  Taskmaster.      This  one  little 
programme  is  worth  the  money  it  costs,  and 
repays  itself  very  quickly,  by  the  time  it 
saves  you  and  the  convenience  in  switching  from 
one  programme  to  another,  and  not  having  to 
reset  to  do  so.    This  is  also  plugged  as  a 
Multitasking  piece  of  equipment.    But  once 
again,  it  is  NOT.    No  Sir. 

What  happens  is  this,  both  with  the  QL  and  with 
Taskmaster,  when  you  run  a  programme,  and 
switch  to  another,  the  first  programme  "is  held 
in  limbo,  until  such  time  as  you  return  to  it. 
It  then  starts  up  again  where  it  left  off  when 
you  switched  programmes. 

At  a  recent  meeting  of  the  QL  Section,  I  asked 
this  question,  and  was  able  to  demonstrate  what 
was  actually  happening.  If  anyone  would  like  to 
see  how  the  demonstration  was  made,  then  drop 
me  a  line  and  a  Disk/Cartridge,  and  I  will  give 
you  the  low_down.  that  is  providing  you  have 
Taskjaaster  of  course.  (  I  can  give  you  the 
Demo,  but  I  cannot  give  you  Taskjaaster). 

The  demo  will  show  a  screen  of  five  windows, 
each  with  a  little  ItsyJJitsy  thing  running. 
Some  of  you  may  have  seen  this  demo  before. 
The  window  across  the  top  of  the  screen  shows  a 
QL  blurb  extolling  its  virtues.  The  top  left 
window  displays  a  scrolling  of  lines  of  Decimal 

The  top  right  window  gives  you  a  display  of 
filled  ellipses  being  added  to  the  window. 
The  bottom  left  window  has  a  display  of  a  sine 
curve  being  drawn.  And  the  bottom  right,  a 

scrolling  display  of  catch  phrases. 

Now  remember  you  have  Taskmaster  running,  and 
it  is  only  a  matter  of  pressing  ALT+1  to  go 
into  Quill,  and  work  there  for  a  while.  When 
you  press  ALT+1  to  go  to  Quill,  look  at  the  top 
left  display,  and  make  a  note  of  the  line 
number  showing  as  you  switch.    Then  when  you 
return  a  few  minutes  later,  observe  the  line 
number  now  showing.  Bet  you  it  is  the  next  in 
sequence  from  when  you  left. 

This  just  goes  to  prove  what  I  said  at  the 
beginning.  The  QL  is  capable  of  handling  a 
number  of  tasks  at  the  one  time,  taking  each 
task  in  rotation.    But  it  is  NOT  capable  of 
performing  a  number  of  tasks  at  the  same 
INSTANT.    This  also  applies  to  Taskmaster. 

Each  programme  is  allotted  a  space  in  the  QL 
and  the  QL  will  switch  from  one  task  to  another 
so  quickly  as  to  give  the  impression  they  are 
all  working  at  once. 

Similarily,  if  you  send  something  to  the 
printer,  and  continue  working  in  another 
programme,  the  printer  spins  away  merrily  while 
you  work,  but  soon  stops  although  the  document 
may  not  be  complete.  What  has  happened  is  that 
the  printer  buffer  has  been  emptied.  It  may 
appear  on  the  surface  that  the  QL  is  doing  two 
tasks  at  once,  but  not  quite. 

This  is  what  I  found,  and  if  anyone  has  any 
other  ideas,  or  explanations,  I  am  sure  we 
would  all  like  to  hear  of  them. 

One  snag  to  my  argument. 

There  is  also  a  sixth  window  displayed,  which 
shows  the  date/time  which  is  set  when  the  Demo 
is  first  setup.    Now  this  date/time  display 
goes  on  while  the  others  stop.    WHY  ?  ?  ? 

Want  to  try  this?    If-  you  have  Taskmaster  or 
some  other  means  of    switching  from  Superbasic 
to  Quill  or  any  other  programme,  then  drop  me  a 
line  and  a  formatted  disk/cartridge,  and  I  will 
send  you  this  demo,  which  really  is  very  good. 
Menu  driven.    Very  interesting,  and  I  am  sure 
it  will  give  you  some  ideas  of  your  own. 

No...  Not  you  Mama,  Sit  down  !  !  ! 



Bill  Cable  :    RR  2  Box  92  :    Cornish,    IH  03745  s   S03  075  2216 
Business  and  Educational  Software  for  the  QL 

DBTutor  :  An  ARCHIVE  based  learning  shell.  This  program  allows  users  to 
set  up  databases  to  learn  any  subjects  they  wish.  It  works  well  with 
any  topic  that  can  be  typed  in.  Many  interesting  drills  can  be  done  to 
help  learn  the  material  including  :  flasbcard,  type  in  answer,  reverse 
question  and  answer,  score  keeping,  print  nlssed  questions,  selected  by 
subject,  keys,  or  word  occurence.  Parents  can  sat  up  drills  for  their 
children.  Students  can  use  It  to  learn  languages  or  any  school  subject. 
QL  users  can  use  it  to  help  learn  computer  related  topics.  The  material 
can  also  be  printed  out  in  test  or  complete  form.  Long  after  the 
material  has  been  entered  it  can  be  quickly  reviewed.  OBTutor  uses  the 
power  of  ARCHIVE  without  requiring  the  user  to  know  anything  about 
ARCHIVE.  It  is  all  menu  driven.  Comes  with  a  detailed  25  page  manual 
and  many  sample  databases.  I  have  a  version  that  works  very  well  on 
unexpended  QLs  also.  Order  dlrecty  or  send  SASE  for  a  list  of  other 
software  available.  <5  1/4  DSDO  disk  S24.93  or  2  MOV  428.93) 



I  recently  added  a  NEC  FD1035 
3.5*  floppy  disk  drive  after 
seeing  it  mentioned  here  in  the 
newsletter.  Cost: $63  +  s&h  from  > 
TIMELINE  INC.  It  is  a  1  megabyte 
drive  which  formats  out  to  164 
tracks  with  the  LARKEN  FDD  I/F. 
This  is  the  second  96  tpi  drive 
I've  added  to  the  LARKEN  FDD 
I/F.  The  first  was  a  5.25' 
Tandon  TM101-4A  which  formats 
out  to  160  tracks,  and  which  I 
am  also  pleased  with. 
But  there  are  advantages  to  the 
3.5"  like  a  more  durable  housing 
and  compact  size.  Sleeves  are 
not  required  for  the  3.5s  disks 
due  to  the  closed  design.  The 
NEC  is  quiet,  the  Tandon  is 
noisy.  There  is  no  noticeable 
difference  in  LOADing  or  SAVEing 
time  between  the  two.  The  NEC 
formats  out  to  164  tracks  (0  - 
163),  the  Tandon  formats  out  to 
160  tracks  (0  -  159).  The  built 
in  write  protect  on  the  NEC  is 
a  definite  advantage. 

The  only  disadvantage  with  the 
NEC  is  the  higher  cost  of  disks, 
for  which  I  have  found  a  source 
S  $.59  each  from  MEI  in  bags  of 
25.  Labels  are  $1.53  for  53. 

I  purchased  25  of  these  and  have 
had  1  bad  block  and  a  little 
trouble  formatting  a  feu  of  them 
from  tracks  158  thru'  163.  I'll 
be  watching  for  those  CRC 
errors.  I  also  purchased  a  box 
of  10,  3M  double  side  1.0  MB 
brand  diskettes  and  had  no 
trouble  at  all  in  formatting 
them  to  163  tracks. 

The  connection  to  the  FDD  I/F 
was  a  bit  more  complicated  than 
the  Tandon. 


To  begin  with  the  fd  i/f  cable 
connection  to  the  drive  used  a 
different  type  of  connector  than 
the  Tandon  (or  the  Amdek  3' 
which  is  the  same  as  the 
Tandon).  The  NEC  uses  a  34 
position  header  connector  with 
.1"  spacing  (IDS  34).  The  Tandon 
uses  a  34  position  edge  card 
connector  (IDE  34).  The  NEC  is 
pin  for  pin  compatible  with  the 
Tandon.  Radio  Shack  carries 
these  (#276-1525). 
The  power  connection  also  uses 
a  different  type  of  connector 
than  the  Tandon.  It  is  a  single 
row  4  position  MODU  type 
connection  with  ,1"  spacing.  I 
just  happened  to  have  a  10 
position  connector  which  I 
trimmed  down  to  4  positions.  I 
do  not  know  the  best  source  for 
the  power  connector.  The  power 
connections  were  not  defined  in 
the  included  documentation,  but 
a  toll-free  call  to  TIMELINE 
INC.  gave  te  the  power  supply 
connections.  The  included 
documentation  was  sparse  but  it 
does  show  how  to  configure  the 
drive  using  jumpers.  I  spliced 
the  new  connector  into  a 

standard  floppy  disk  drive  *Y* 
connector.  The  +5  volt  return 
and  the  +12  volt  return  are  tied 
together  shown  as  ground. 

Here  is  the  power  connection 

TOP  j  I  I  I  I 

REAR  7 1  EI  +5  GHD  +12 


I  spied  another  highly  rated 
3.5'  floppy  drive,  a  FUJITSU 
drive.  $59  +  sh.  from  AMAX.  Ad 
in  Computer  Shopper  magazine. 

I  also  purchased  a  Ccmpower  133 
watt  power  supply  from  TIMELINE 
(see  current  ad  in  Computer 
Shopper  magazine)  which  has 
plenty  of  power  for  the  drives 
and  +5  volts  for  peripherals 
attached  to  the  2368.  $12  each 
with  a  minimum  order  of  two.  S&H 
$9  including  COD. 



1490  U.  Artesia  Blvd. 

Gardena,  CA  98247 



HEI/Micro  Center 
1100  Steelwood  Road 
Columbus,  Ohio  43212-3972 

3001-A  W.  Mission  Rd 
Alhambra,  CA  91333 




Continuing  with  excerpts  from  Steven  Gunhouse's 
letters  to  me,  (see  last  newsletter  issue)  here  is  a 
discussion  on  joystick  routines,  and  mouse-type 
routines  for  the  TS2068.  Let's  hear  from  you  if  you 
enjoy  these  tidbits*  I'm  sure  Steven  would 
appreciate  it.  G.F.C. 

Oh,  I  stumbled  across  a  rather  strange  problem.     Anytime  I 
did  an  AUTOSTART  program,  I  would  not  be  able  to  read  either 
joystick.     The  usual  SOUND  7,63  had  no  noticeable  effect.  It 
turned  out  that  I  also  needed  to  do  a  SOUND  14,255.     I  could 
cause  it  to  act  up  again  by  doing  a  SOUND  14,0.    All  this  is 
something  that  I  don't  see  why  it  should  be  that  way,  but  it  may 
be  of  interest. 

That  forces  a  slight  modification  of  what  I  claimed  the 
BASIC  equivalent  of  the  STICK  function  is.    This  example  should 

1000  OUT  245,7:  OUT  246,63:  REM  Equivalent  of  SOUND  7,63 

1001  OUT  245,14:  OUT  246,255:  REM  SOUND  14,255 

1002  LET  s=255-IN  (256*p+246):  REM  Complement  bits 

1003  LET  f=(s>127):  REM  Bit  7  =  fire  button 

1004  LET  s=s-128*f:  REM  Remove  bit  7  to  leave  direction 

1005  RETURN 

For  this  routine,   I  have  used  p  to  stand  for  the  player  (1 

=  left,  2  =  right,  3  =  both).     It  returns  with  s  the  direction 
information  and  f  the  status  of  the  fire  button. 

For  those  so  Inclined,  the  equivalent  of  the  first  3  lines 
in  machine  code  is: 

00:   3E  07  D3  F5  3E  3F  D3  F6     3E  0E  D3  F5  3E  FF  D3  F6 
10:   3E  Op.  DB  F6  2F  4F  06  00  C9 

Naturally,  either  of  these  will  work  in  either  2068  or 
Spectrum  mode.     Sorry,  writing  a  routine  to  give  Kempston 
results  from  the  Timex  joystick  would  take  a  lot  more  work,  as 
the  direction  information  would  need  to  be  completely 

A  quick  word  about  the  simple  drawing  program  I  will  send 
on  the  disk  -  I  have  decided  to  send  the  disk  by  July  sometime 
whether  or  not  I  have  completed  my  AERCO  conversion  project,  but 
I  actually  expect  to  have  done  so.     But  in  the  drawing  program 
where  I  pretend  the  Timex  joystick  is  a  mouse,  you  may  recall  I 
was  having  difficulty  with  the  CIRCLE,  since  it  was  too  slow. 
What  I  finally  did  was  to  draw  an  oval  instead  (officially,  a  4 
point  ellipse,  though  not  a  true  ellipse),  and  use  a  box  to 
indicate  placement.    In  some  ways,  this  is  more  elegant  anyway, 
and  of  course  the  box  is  a  great  deal  faster  in  response  than 
either  a  circle  or  ellipse.    When  you  use  it,  you  will  just  have 
to  remember  that  when  you  release  the  button,  it  will  draw  an 
ellipse  inside  the  box  it  shows  to  indicate  position. 

I  should  say  something  about  technique.     I  am  sure  you  have 


seen  the  utility  EZ-Edit.     It  was  interrupt  driven,  and  required 
a  modification  to  the  2068  in  order  to  work.     Well,  the  original 
author  of  Specword,  though  writing  on  a  Spectrum,  developed  a 
technique  that  should  not  need  the  modifications  when  converted 
to  2068.     I  think  I  will  describe  this  briefly;   it  is  a 
technique  I  use  in  my  "mouse-emulated"  joystick  routine. 

I  presume  you  know  about  the  different  interrupt  modes  on 
the  Z-80.     The  2068  normally  runs  in  IM1,  which  means  that  an 
interrupt  causes  a  CALL  to  0038  -  if  the  interrupt  is  enabled. 
EZ-Edit  and  other  interrupt -driven  software  run  in  IM2,  which 
uses  a  table  thattheoretically  can  occupy  any  256-byte  "page"  in 
RAM  that  starts  at  an  even  multiple  of  256.    When  an  interrupt 
occurs,  the  bus  is  read  for  a  1  byte  pointer  to  the  location  in 
the  table  that  holds  the  address  of  the  interrupt  routine. 

If  no  device  is  set  up  to  generate  this  1-byte  pointer, 
then  the  bus  just  "hangs".    On  the  Spectrum,  since  the  bus  has 
pull-up  resistors,  this  is  equivalent  to  reading  an  FF,  so  it 
will  look  at  the  last  location  of  the  table  for  the  address  of 
the  Interrupt  routine.     On  the  2068,  these  resistors  were  not 
included,  so  we  have  no  way  to  predict  for  certain  what  byte 
will  be  read. 

The  way  around  this  problem  is  to  make  sure  all  of  the 
entries  in  the  table  point  to  a  valid  interrupt  routine.  The 
easiest  way  to  do  this  is  to  have  all  of  the  bytes  the  same. 
Let  me  use  Specword  as  an  example.     His  table  was  set  up  to 
start  at  8000  hex  (before  I  had  to  modify  it).     What  he  did  was 
fill  the  locations  8000  to  8100  (that's  257,  sorry  about  the 
error  earlier)  with  81  hex,  and  made  sure  his  interrupt  routine 
started  at  8181.     Then,  no  matter  what  the  data  on  the  bus  was, 
it  would  still  end  up  in  the  right  place.     Incidentally,  his 
interrupt  routine  was  the  type-ahead  keyboard  that  I  am  so  fond 
of  about  the  program.     But  the  technique  could  be  used  for 
anything  that  you  wanted  to  that  had  to  be  interrupt  driven, 
such  as  my  use  of  it  so  that  the  joystick  movement  is  recorded 
even  when  you  are  doing  something  else. 

I  should  tell  you  how  a  mouse  operates  from  the  programs 
point  of  view  on  some  other  computers  so  you  will  know  what  I 
mean  by  a  "mouse-emulated"  joystick.     In  BASIC  on  the  IBM  or  the 
Macintosh,  generally  the  following  information  is  available 
about  a  mouse:  where  it  is  now,  the  status  of  the  button,  where 
it  was  the  last  time  (or  several  times)  the  button  was  pressed, 
and  where  it  was  the  last  time  (or  several  times)  the  button  was 
released.     And  of  course  boundaries  can  be  set  on  where  the 
pointer  can  go,  etc.     My  joystick  routine  does  exactly  that,  but 
with  the  Timex  joystick  instead  of  a  mouse.     Of  course,   it  is 
not  as  exact  as  a  mouse,  and  will  always  more  than  4  seconds  to 
cross  the  screen,  but  that  is  all  you  can  really  expect  from  a 
joystick.     (256  clock-ticks  to  move  256  positions  translates  to 
256/60  or  4  and  4/15  seconds). 

Actually  my  use  so  far  of  it  has  been  pretty  trivial,  but  I 
think  you  will  still  be  impressed  with  it.  For  a  routine  in 
BASIC,  the  drawing  program  is  almost  unbelievable.  Of  course,  I 
put  the  LKDOS  Extended  BASIC  commands  to  good  use,  but  of  course 
that  also  means  the  program  is  dependent  upon  LKDOS  for  2  of  its 
commands  -  FILL  and  BOX.  I  should  throw  in  some  window  commands 
for  putting  text  in  the  drawing,  but  that  turns  out  to  be 
moderately  complicated  -  a  bit  more  so  than  BOX  was. 

I  may  write  a  version  to  avoid  the  use  of  LKDOS  commands, 
but  it  will  not  be  quite  as  Impressive  unless  I  do  a  lot  of  work 
on  it.    Another  project  to  work  on  later  I  guess. 





^Graphics  LT=RSCII 



^  H 

Q     3     a  BE 

128  129 



132    133    134.  135S 



5         6         7         8  E 

4-9  50 



53      54.      55      56  S 


===  = 



136  137 



140    14-1    142  143g 



=       >       f       e  E 

57      58      59      60      61      62      63      64  E 



PROFILE  +  5 

I  alU 









s  Hell  rllelfT 













Eec  i 





>TEF'|  TO 
Close  Close 

"4  II  ill 

















in  DEFP 
2  lines  in 

(lane  Bus 

n/  cofv 

or  AUTO 



M2J  2L2 

Here  are  two  cards  fro*  my 
eardex  box.  I  use  the  upper  one 
to  decode  a  listing  printed  on 
the  wide  printer  via  the  LKDOS 
printer  code  which  shows  graphic 
characters  as  underlined  ASCII 
characters,  eg,  a  solid  black 
square  would  be  listed  as  3  or 
in  my  case  on  the  Fastext  80 
with  no  backspace  feature  as  3_. 
The  legend  with  inverted  C,  6 
and  A  drawjattention  to  the  rows 
containing  the  code  values,  the 
graphics  characters  and  the 
ASCII  characters  respectively? 
the  code  values  for  5  and  A  are 
given  on  separate  rows. 

The  lower  card  depicts  the  2068 
keyboard  aiith  notes  for  use  with 
Profile  +5.  The  cryptic  notes 
become  apparent  to  the  Profile 
user,  eg,  the  STOP  token  closes 
a  record,  enters  it  into  memory 
and  returns  to  main  menu?  STEP 
closes  but  lets  you  continue 
with  the  next  record;  TO  closes 
and  lets  you  add  a  new  record; 
AND  closes  and  lets  you  stay 
with  the  current  record. 
It's  hard  to  remember  all  these 
variations  unless  you  are  a 
frequent  user  of  the  program. 

Some  other  explanations*.  «CS+# 
means  Caps  Shift  plus  number  on 
the  top  row.  The  back  slash  \  is 
used  with  T  for  a  math  tally? 
with  D  to  do  a  block  delete? 
with  S  for  a  math  summation; 
with  U  to  update  a  record.  AT  is 
used  to  insert  an  EDIT  phrase 
previously  set  up  at  the  main 
menu  (I  use  this  to  start  every 
entry  with  the  same  info,  say, 
newsletter  number  and  date  when 
updating  ly  Sine-Link  index).  >= 
does  a  character  search  and  AUTO 
option  while  >  does  one  with  a 
CONTINUE  option.  Pressing  ENTER 
will  do  a  name  reversal  of  the 
first  line  when  used  in  the  COPY 
or  AUTO  lode.  Using  the  period 
(.)  when  defining  the  printer 
set  up  will  print  two  lines  of 
a  record  as  one. 

ZX81.   TS1000  &  TS1500  OWNERS! 


deals  with  graphic 

•  In  BASIC 

•  In  Machine  Code 

•  using  a  compiler 

•  with  Memotech's  HRQ 
The  manual  contains  over  80  listings,  some  in  Basic. 

some  in  Machine  Code  and  each 
'^^V^^BSbI        a  sc,een  display  sample.  All 
******         are  ready  to  run.  Each  illustrates 
innovative  methods  to  pohsh  your 
programs  with  fantastic  graphics. 
Ever  want  to  write  programs  with  line  numbers  past 
9999?    .  or  design  a  new  alphabet  or  new  graphic 
symbols?  ...  or  switch  complete  or  parts  of  the 
screen  instantly?  .  .   It  s  all  here  and  more  in 

Send'orders  toTPaul  Bintfhara 
PO  Box  2034.  Mesa,   AZ  85214 
(please  add  $2  shipping) 

Software  far  the 


Q.L.  that  real  If  narks 

An  address  database  you 
won't  believe.  Labels, 
Rotary  files,  Zip  sort, 
tickler  file,  many  auto 
features,  &  more .  .  .  23<5K 
TAX-I-QL    Spreadsheet  for  IRS  tax 

returns.  334K 

QLASDLORD  Manage     99  buildings  or 
units.   Do  Sched  E. . 256K 

419.95  ea  pp  on  5   1/4"  DSOD 
f+*2. 00  an  microcartridge ; 

AID  The  most  comprehensive  list 
of  independent  North  American 
software  for  the  QL. 

Agents  for  2X/TS""SIrIus¥are 
4K  Wordprocessor  with 
TS  2040  lower  case  printer  driver 

Orders,   Catalogues  <Si  Dealer  info 

P.O.    Box  3703,      Boston,    MA  02114 
(01  7>  '339-0330 

VISA/MC  ah 





*M8  can  *u.a1»  aane  U*  brands  it  lew 
•rftes.  Naats  Ilk*!  CITIZEN-STAR-ALPS 
PANASONIC  KXI080I  ONLY  tl 73.80 

PANASONIC  KX1071 i  ONLY  II??.?3 

STAR  NXI000  MULTI-FONT  ONLY  «1  89.00 
STAR  NX1000  RAINBOW  ONLY  S237.73 

STAR  NX2<I00  21-PIN  ONLY  »33?.»3 

?FI?glSA.3g:>>0AI  ONLY  tiZ9,?i 

CITIZEN  I20D —  ONLY  «I3?. 9 3 

CITIZEN  1800 

ONLY  Si  75.00 

Plt«se  add  «!3  each  for  sh.  4  Ins. 
U»  alse  have  MANY  used  printers  In 
stacH-wr  M*  tr  cat  I ! 


1MI?  1/2  7TH  STREET 
303/«33-7«81  •  N0ON-I0  TUE-SAT 

Dan  Elliott,  Owner 

Servicing  COMPUTER  I  ZED 

electronic  equipment 

Sinclair  QL       TS-2068        TS-1S00  TS-1000 

16K  lUa  Pack  ZX-81 

Coaaodora  64  VIC-20 

Menotach  Modulaa 


Colaco  AO  All        TI-99/4A      Coaaodora  128 


Writ*  for  pclctsi 

Dan  Elliott 
Route  I,  Box  117 
Cabool.  MO  65689 

Ph.  (314)  739-1712  •vanlngs,  Sunday  -  Thuraday. 
Ph.    (417)   469-4S71  w..K.nd». 

ZEBU    C*  fittiaa  n  yj 
Rttention  Basic  Programmers 
(Zunts   Extra  Basic  utilities) 
in  the  EDIT  line  mode  ZEBU  gives 

lets  you 
th«  longest 

left  or 

Up ✓Cn   arrow  Keys, 
z  i  >>    to    the   end  of 
bas  i  c  line. 
*»  Truncate  CD IT   line  to 
right  of    the  cursor. 

•  Fast   DELETE   key   corrects  bug 
that   Tlmex    left    in    the  ROM. 

•  Restore    the   edit    line   at  any 

•  Delete   all    between  colons 

In  the 

IMMEDIATE  or   RUN  mode 

lines   to  form 

bas  i  c 

•  Join  tu/o 
one  long 

•  Block  move  memory    ( t_D IR ) 
from  a    basic  command. 

»   16    bit    Pom    t  DOKE ) 

•  Print    a    16   bit    Pee  * 

•  Lit    •    virliblKa  16    bit  peek 

•  Print    basic    length  (bytes) 

•  Print   3    types    of    large  text. 

•  List    line   or    range   of  lines. 

•  Search    basic  lines. 

»  Electric    INK   auto    ink  rotate 

•  ••   1.7  new  2066    functions  ••• 

4.8O0  East  Cedar  Lane 
Norman,   Oklahoma  73071  1    366  8S9S  


Bottle  Cap 

■»r«main  «  -m 

Graphi t-1 

Ptrat  in  a  itritt  or  Tsseea 
Jnrprwuon  Charting  PraSriM 

Personal  Month lu  Sinclair 
Gaming  usage  par  month 
starting  with  vMiiw  lsee. 

aranttlt-i  reetures: 

3-Olmcns i ona I   bar  graphing. 

i'li  Points  with  connact 
point*  op  t  i  on . 

copies  to  TS2040,   run  uzt 
printer  uiy-Parco   i/r ,  or  othars 
ui/your   eustom  driver. 

_spuc  acpecNa  m<i/or  d«tr<s. 

Status  hanu  Driven  Peooram 
requires  uovstict  or  compatible. 

Cassette  version  tasiiv  changed 
for  your  disk  system.  Lirmn 
version  is  available. 

Rlt  Bottle  Cap  Software  Is 
Plus  si.aa  »*{,.     sand  checks  to: 

Bottle  Cap  Software 
1284.  Brushwood  Rve. 
Cincinnati ,  oh  Aoaa* 

WieJ°^  "J  Return 
QU  IK -1040-8 

)V  IWKT  SDLIIW  T/S  mi  Ucm  T»i  rr»«r.i  in  iitrici 

INCLUDES:  Form  104.0,  10-tOR  &  EZ , 
fl5tnm?ti?  ♦Forms    2106,  24.4-1 

LVlSTt.Mo  rt?lf!ilition  income  Tax 
iiiy'?hild  care  Credit  Taxn 
able  Social  Security,  Earned  In- 

;,n,iIywi.S°i0  Compatible  *  More 

THIS  YEAR  5CH  c  and  5E  Included! 

On  LU  tOQ  crn  Postpaid 
For  TilTlPx^tnrlair  ppsp  ^0,,,^, 

OUIK-104O  is  an  "interview  type' 
program,  it  tui  u     calculate  your 


This  pfwa  vas  desiwed  tilth  the  tanwer  in  ifnd.  It  Is  easy 
for  raj  to  accurately  prepare  your  ow  incce?  tax  return  EYEN  IF 
TO!  HAVE  IEYEJ?  OCHE  IT  BEFORE !  It  is  also  sophisticated  enough, 
to  be  used  to  prepare  returns  for  others,  with  or  vithout  exper- 
ience, to  Ideal  teaching  tool  for  tax  and  account ina  students. 

^f^^H  Xl=,L-  :  1F  Y°U  PURCHASED 
OUIK-104.0  FROM  fl*a*B*fl  SOFT 
TAKE  a  F"l  L  «in  f>T*fTn'INT. 

The  1987  ail-IMQ  Is  STILL  AYAILASLE  for  Just  112  POSTPAID 

Send  CHEC  or  IWET  ORDER  (U.S.  funds) fflid-Janrary  Shipsent  Oate 






2S33  uoodshire  Circle 
Chesapeake,   Vfl  23323 
Phone:    304  437-5924 



p     -o  »■  m 

i-3  S-.5 

«•  J»  o      ^>  —  » 



ih2«.o!  IS 
Silir,  Si 
i_  ^      _  • 

II—  — •  *  • 

3*  *  S  i 

CM   k.  M 

**  2  **"  £  "S  a 

**        •      o  o 

St-  S-S---J5 

•       o  — 

kg  ires:  f 
Si  Js".* 

B  *  •  «a  •  i* 

a  s  o» 


r"  w  ■> 

□  *•  M  «  «  O 

3^  s-s^ 


PRINT  FACTORY  -  by  BytePower 
a  review  -  by  Tom  Skapinski 

"PRINT  FACTORY"  by  Byte  Power.  You  may  be 
aware  of  Byte  Power  Tape  Magazine,  started  in 
Canada  a  few  years  back  by  Kris  and  Eric 
Boisvert.  Or  you  may  not.  Anyway  they  have 
been  producing  software,  games  and  utilities 
for  the  TS2068for  the  last  3  years    (and  for 
the  last  3  or  4  issues ,  Spectrum  Emulated 

During  this  time  their  programming  skills 
have  steadily  improved.  Even  early  tapes  had 
good  to  very  good  stuff,  both  games  and 
utilities.  I  have  been  using  their  mailing 
list  program  for  about  two  years  for  our  club 
newsletters  (LIST  Long  Island  Sinclair  Timex 
Users  Group).  Also  published  were  utilities 
for  the  Larken  disk  drive  system  that  I  find 
very  useful.  Back  issues  should  be  available 
for  about  $6  each. 

They  are  now  producing  utility  softeware 
sold  separately  from  the  magazine  format.  The 
latest  is  PRINT  FACTORY.  If  anyone  is 
interested  in  desktop  publishing  on  the  TS2068 
then  this  set  of  programs  is  a  must^have  item. 
The  set  contains  3  tapes  of  programs  to  do 
desktop  functions  and  contains  special 
programs  to  help  with  the  main  task.  There  are 
things  like  "FIRST  EDITION"  to  produce 
posters,  letterheads,  newsletters,  ads,  etc. 
This  includes  a  graphic  design  file. 

The  "PRESS",  which  is  a  page  maker  that 
handles  screens  instead  of  graphic  designs, 
can  load  and  merge  screens  in  the  document, 
and  you  can  use  four  different  Fonts  and  mix 
them  as  you  wish. 

Also,  there's  "LETTER  PERFECT",  a 
proportional  printing  word  processor  for 
printers  that  do  not  have  NLQ  or  redef inable 
fonts.  It  can  also  load  a  cursive  character 

s©  t# 

There  is  a  nifty  "LABELLER"  program  that 
is  great  for  labels  for  such  things  as  disks 
or  addresses.  You  can  have  a  "Banner"  printed 
on  large  or  small  printers  (TS2040). 

Also,  there  is  a  "Card  Maker",  one  that 
really  works. 

These  are  the  main  programs.  There  are 
also  things  to  help  you,  such  as  "Quick 
Screen"  for  the  "Press"?  the  "File  Keeper",  to 
produce  your  own  custom  libraries  to  be  used 
in  "First  Edition",  etc. ;  the  "Translator",  to 
convert  "Lemke"  icons  to  Print  Factory  formats 
the  "Creator",  which  lets  you  manipulate  or 
create  files s  and  13  super  sets  of  Fonts. 

I  hope  this  review  is  somewhat  helpful. 
The  bottom  line  ist  These  are  super  programs 
for  our  favorite  computer.  The  only  thing  I 
would  have  to  say  is,  to  get  the  most  benefit 
from  these  great  programs  you  should  really 
have  a  disk  drive.  Then  you  will  vhave  to 
convert  them  from  tape  to  disk  yourself. 


CANADA      L1V  3G8 
PRICE  about  $25  (US) 

article  by 
Tom  Skapinski 
7  Atkinson  Lane 
Coram,    NY  11727 



Setting  up  a  printer  in  Quill  is  not  a 
very  difficult  task.  Although  it  can  be  time 
consuming.  You  start  by  LRUN  INSTAL_BAS  from 
the  Quill  mediae  If  using  MDV  then  use  that. 
FLP  or  any  other  device  you  should  convert 
first.  After  LRUNing,  the  program  will  ask  for 
the  device  location.  I  am  using  disk  so  I  used 
FLP1  and  pressed  ENTER.  Now  it  asks  for  type 
of  port.  Standard  serial  (serl  or  ser2)  or  a 
parallel  or  other  non-standard  port.  I  use 
serl  for  my  printer  port.  The  program  now 
begins  loading  the  Editor  program  so  you  can 
change  the  printer  driver  codes. 

After  loading,  the  top  portion  of  the 
screen  contains  the  Edit  control  keys  and 
their  usage.  The  rest  of  the  screen  contains 
the  current  printer  loaded  and  other  printer 
types  available.  Using  the  UP/DOWN  arrows, 
move  the  cursor  to  the  desired  printer  and 
press  ENTER.  If  you  don't  want  any  of  the ... 
pre-programmed  entries  choose  OTHER.  If  you 
choose  OTHER,  press  F2  to  start  editing  the 
printer.  Change  the  name  to  a  meaningful  one 
or  change  the  Port,  Baud,  Parity,  Lines/page, 
Char/line,  and/or  any  of  the  control  code 
lines.  Please  note  all  necessary  codes  must  be 
placed  in  one  line.  For  example  if  the  control 
code  requires  an  escape  code  before  the 
control  code,  it  must  be  placed  be  on  the 
line.  If  a  number  is  to  follow,  it  must  be 
there.  Use  commas  to  connect  the  codes.  For 
examples  27,61,0.  The  27  is  the  escape  code, 
the  61  is  a  control  code,  and  the  0  is  a 
modifier  to  the  control  code.  Preamble  r,  This 
is  used  to  set  up  the  printer  prior  to  the 
start  of  printing.  Post-Gamble  -  What  the 
printer  should  do  after  printing  is  completed., 
The  rest  are  self-explanatory  except  for 
Translate.  Translate  codes  go  into  effect  when 
the  ASCII  code  is  imbedded  in  the  print  line 
where  required.  Whatever  is  first  in  the 
translate  string  is  the  control  code.  When 
that  code  is  encountered  the  Translate  will 
take  effect.  If  you  use  the  ASCII  code  for  the 

then  whenever     is  encountered  that 
translate  series  will  take  effect.  You've  got 
10  of  them. 

Taken  from  the  July '89  issue  of  SMUG  bytes 
No  author  credit  given  Retyped  by  G.F.C. 


GOOD  NEWS  -  There  will  be  a  T/S  festival  in 
1990,  thanks  to  the  efforts  of  SMUG,  the 
Sine lairMilwaukee  Users  Group  (P.O.  Box  101, 
Butler,  WI  53007).  The  1990    Sinclair  Fest 
will  be  held  on  June  1,  2,  and  3,  1990,  at  the 
Holiday  Inn  Wakesha  in  the  Milwaukee  area*  The 
hotel  will  charge  a  flat  rate  of  $45  per  room 
with  2  double  beds,  and  the  hotel  has  an 
indoor  pool  and  restaurant  facilities. 
Tentative  activities  include  a  banquet  dinner, 
buffet  style,  displays,  seminars,  lectures, 
vendors,  and  a  SNUG  meeting— Make  your  plans 
now,  and  if  you  can  possibly  make  it,  GO.  You 
won't  regret  it. 

From  the  Vashon  Island  S/T  Assoc. (VISTA)  n/l 




One  of  our  members,  Donald  Lambert,  sent 
me  a  three  page  article  on  his  experiences 
repairing  Tandon  disk  drives  that  he  then  uses 
on  his  Larken  system.  Donald  has  access  to  a 
source  of  defective  drives,  and  is  therefore 
encouraged  to  experiment  with  repairing  them. 
I  have  selected  a  segment  of  his  article  to 
put  in  the  newsletter.  It  follows  below.  If 
any  members  is  interested  in  the  complete 
article  ask  me  for  it.  G.  Chambers. 



by  Donald  Lambert 

The  first  thing  I  did  was  check  and  reset 
the  speed  of  the  drive  motor.  For  that  you 
will  need  a  flourescent  light  and  a 
small-bladed  screwdriver,  to  turn  the 
adjustment  screw  in  the  potentiometer  on  the 
board  on  the  end  of  the  drive.  And  you  will 
need  a  jumper,  to  go  between  the  square  pins 
on  the  top  of  the  board.  A  piece  of  insulated 
wire  with  a  flea-^clip  on  each  end  will  do. 

With  the  disk  drive  on  the  table,  with  the 
top  side  up  and  the  drive  insertion  door 
facing  you,  you  will  find  a  square  pin  located 
just  5/l6th  inch  to  the  left  of  the  right-hand 
board  mounting  screw,  and  about  l/l6  of  an 
inch  closer  to  you  than  the  screw,  and 
labelled  TP10  with  the  letters  upside  down. 
Fasten  one  end  of  the  jumper  wire  (with  the 
flea  clips)  to  the  square  pin.  Up  at  the  other 
end  of  the  board  is  a  row  of  connectors,  and 
the  one  labelled  11  will  be  directly  in  line 
with  the  square  pin  TP13  which  is  5/8th  inch 
this  side  of  the  connector.  Fasten  the  other 
end  of  the  jumper    wire,  using  the  flea  clip, 
to  that  square  pin.  The  purpose  of  the  wire  is 
to  cause  the  disk  drive  motor  to  turn  on  when 
you  turn  on  the  power. 

Speed  is  best  set  with  a  disk  in  the  drive. 
I  set  the  speed  before  I  connected  the 
interface  cable  to  the  drive.  Now  with  the 
drive  power  cord  plugged  into  the  disk  drive, 
turn  the  disk  drive  on  it's  side  to  expose  the 
flywheel  of  the  disk  spindle  with  the  paper 
and  the  bars  printed  on  it.  With  the  bars 
exposed  to  a  flourescent  light,  watch  the 
outer  ring  (60  cycle)  and  if  the  bars  appear 
to  go  either  clockwise  or  counterclockwise 
then  turn  the  screw  in  the  end  of  the 
potentiometer  on  the  back  board  (the  motor 
drive  board).  The  bars  may  waver  but  unless 
there  is  a  definite  movement  in  either 
direction  the  drive  speed  is  correct. 

One  word  of  caution 


I  had  a  drive  that  just  seemed  to  want  to 
vary  the  speed  and  also  would  not  take  a  track 
adjustment  until  I  realized  the  resistor  was 
missing.  A  word  of  cautions  it  might  be  safer 
to  wrap  masking  tape  on  the  screwdriver  blade 
to  insulate  it.  When  the  speed  checks  right, 
remove  the  jumper  between  TP10  and  TP13. 

To  reset  the  drive  if  the  drive  will  not 
read  track  0  (the  directory  of  files)  you  will 
need  a  larger  screwdriver  (insulate  with  tape 
to  the  blade  and  shaft)  and  an  Allen  wrench 
size  .109  or  7/64th  of  an  inch.  Turn  the  drive 
over  and  you  will  see  down  near  the  disk 
flywheel  a  pair  of  Allen  screws  which  are 
sealed  on  the  side  with  green  sealing 

Loosen  the  two  screws  and  turn  the  drive 
back  right  side  up.  On  the  back  of  the  drive 
above  the  disk  motor  board  is  a  metal 
projection  that  has  a  slotted  screw  head  in  an 
oblong  opening.  With  the  drive  door  facing  you 
the  slotted  screw  will  be  on  the  right  side  of 
the  metal  projection.  To  the  left  and  slightly 
towards  you  is  another  Allen  headed  screw, 
also  with  the  green  goop  on  the  side  of  the 
head.  Loosen  that  screw  and  test  with  the 
screwdriver  to  see  if  turning  the  screw  moves 
the  metal  a  trifle.  The  screw  only  has  about 
180  degree  adjustment.  I  had  the  best  luck 
adjusting  by  turning  the  screw  to  the  most 
counterclockwise  position.  The  reason  for 
insulating  the  screwdriver  is  to  prevent 
touching  the  bare  pins  that  stick  out  above 
the  adjusting  screw. 

Now,  with  the  interface  cable  plugged  in 
and  with  the  drive  power  supply  plugged  in, 
select  a  disk  SAVEd  on  a  good  drive  (be  sure 
to  use  a  copy  in  case  something  happens  to  the 
disk).  First,  try  to  CAT  the  disk  (I  was  using 
the  TS2068  and  the  Larken  interface).  When  you 
get  an  error,  watch  the  metal  slide  and  just 
turn  the  screw  enough  clockwise  so  that  you 
just  barely  see  it  move.  Then  retry  the  CAT, 
and  repeat  until  suddenly  the  entire  directory 
is  listed  as  it  should. 

I  usually  make  one  or  two  more  very  slight 
adjustments,  and  then  try  to  load  a  file  at 
the  start  of  the  directory,  then  one  towards 
the  last  of  the  directory.  If  both  have  LOADed 
on  a  good  drive  and  they  LOAD  on  this  one, 
then  power  down  and  tighten  the  three  Allen 
screws.  Then  retry  the  CAT  and  the  first 
program  and  the  last  program.  If  they  load, 
then  you  have  it  reset.    With  the  Larken  and 
the  TS2068,  on  failure  to  CAT,  you  will  get  a 
CRC  error  and  then  garbage  for  the  directory. 
Then,  as  you  get  close  to  the  track  with  the 
adjustments  you  might  see  one  or  two  of  the 
first  files  named,  then  garbage j  then  suddenly 
all  files  appear. 

While  the  drives  are  rather  mysterious  (to 
me)  in  how  they  work,  it  is  rather  more  a 
mechanical  process  to  making  these 
adjustments.  Of  course  other  defects  are 
handled  differently. 




TIME  DESIGNS  Magazine ... .the  latest. 
The  following  is  an  Editor's  column  from 
the  Vol.3.  #^  issue  (Sept(?)  1989)  of  the 
Vashon  Island  Sinclair  Timex  Association 

newsletter,  VISTA.  Vashon  Island  is  in 
Washington  state. 

"EDITOR'S  COLUMN—  As  you  well  know,  I 
started  off  last  issue  with  a  strongly  worded 
open  letter  to  'Time  Designs'  magazine  and 
it's  editor,  Tim  Woods.  Needless  to  say,  it 
hit  home  with  a  lot  of  T/S  users,  most  notably 
Tim  Woods  himself,  as  I  received  a  two  page 
letter  from  him  shortly  after  the  VISTA 
newsletter  was  mailed  (late  July  1989) •  In 
summary,  Tim  noted  his  lack  of  time  to  devote 
to  the  magazine  due  to  business  interests]  the 
loss  of  his  wife's  help  on  the  magazine 
altogether]  the  literal  mountain  of  mail  that 
accumulated  during  his  absence,  which  is  being 
answered  on  a  date-received  basis  j  the 
corruption  of  his  subscription  database  filej 
having  not  sent  out  renewal  notices  for  ten 
months,  subscript t ions  are  not  coming  in;  and 
his  general  discouragement  during  which  he 
entertained  thoughts  of  quitting.  Tim  then 
assured  me  that  the  worst  is  behind  him  now, 
he  is  working  on  another  issue  and  plans  to 
continue  for  "few  more  years",  and  that  he 
believes  we  "will  see  a  bit  of  improvement 
from  'Time  Designs'  by  this  fall".  He  also 
explained  he  would  be  in  California  helping 
his  brother  move  the  week  I  would  be  in  his 
area,  but  I  was  welcome  to  drop  by  any  other 
time  at  my  convenience.  The  final  enclosure 
was  the  latest  issue  of  "Time  Designs",  Vol. 5. 
No.  I.  I  was  disappointed  that  I  would  not 
have  the  opportunity  to  talk  with  Tim  Woods 
and  iron  some  things  out,  so  I  took  the  time 
to  write  him,  including  suggestions  and 
opinions  from  all  of  you  readers  who  have 
written  mej  I  also  sent  along  a  list  of  those 
of  you  with  missing  issues.  I  have  no  idea  if 
this  worked  for  any  of  you  or  not]  I  have 
heard  nothing  more  from  Tim  Woods,  hopefully 
because  he  is  taking  care  of  all  his  other 
correspondence.  I  have  seen  the  latest  issue 
of  "The  Plotter",  the  newsletter  from  the 
CCAT/S  group  of  Oregon  City,  OR,  and  they  had 
two  small  articles  that  may  shed  some  light  on 
the  subject •  I  will  recount  them  verbatim. 

THE  FAR  SIDE      By  Gary  larson  i 

Late  at  night,  ana  without  permission. 
Reuben  wouia  often  enter  me  nursery  ana 
conauct  experiments  in  static  electricity 

*  "TDM  Magazine —  as  far  as  we  know  has 
not  published  since  Vole 5,  No.  1,  which 
was  delivered  to  some  folks  in  May,  both 
by  mail  and  at  the  CapitolFest.  No  one  has 
heard  a  word  out  of  them  since.  Most 
advertisers  we  have  spoken  to  have  given 
it  up  as  a  "lost"  cause  at  this  point.  We 
have  had  dozens  of  calls  and  letters 
concerning  what  is  going  on  with  them  and 
we  cannot  do  much  to  help.  We  are  always 
sorry  to  see  one  of  our  supporters  go  "by 
the  wayside",  but  we  are  afraid  that  this 
has  happened". 

*  "If  you  will,  consider  Tim  Woods'  letter 
I  received  in  mid-July,  (not  included 
here,  and  the  following  before  you  come  to 
a  conclusion  over  the  fate  of  'Time 

*  ""Recently  my  wife  and  I  had  a  nice 
visit  with  the  Ass't  Editor  of  TD 
Magazine.  Stephanie  assured  me  that  the 
magazine  was  viable  and  well.    The  major 
problem  is  that  a  1-man  business  has  to  be 
set  aside  because  of  trying  to  make  a 
living,  and  to  devote  a  lot  of  time  to 
running  'other  family*  business  to  keep 
from  losing  the  value  of  his  fathers 
estate.  For  sure  this  lapse  of  issuing 
current  editions  of  the  magazine  will  hurt 
renewal  of  subscriptions,  assuming 
subscribers  start  receiving  the  magazine 

*  Paragraphs  from  CCAT/S  n/1 

"There  you  have  it--  the  latest  news  from 
both  sides  of  the  street.  Draw  your  own 
conclusions  and  keep  in  touch......" 

GFC's  note »    The  VISTA  newsletter  also 
included  a  postcard  from  the  Tim  Woods, 
received  by  the  VISTA  Editor,  just  as  they 
were  going  to  press,  to  quote* 


I  have  enjoyed  your  two  most  recent 
letters.  Please  note  that  I  have  just  verified 
all  of  the  names  you  passed  along  and  have 
sent  their  materials  accordingly,  (one  of  them 
has  moved  twice  and  another  person  has  not 
sent  in  their  renewal  cheque).  I  really 
appreciate  your  help.  THe  mailing  list  project 
has  been  painfully  slow  but  of  course,  very 
necessary  to  our  business.  I  have  also  taken 
the  time  to  complete  issue  5-2.  It  is  being 
printed  right  now.  Enclosed  is  a  copy  of  a 
Zebra  ad,  which  you  might  want  to  pass  on  to 
VISTA  members. 

Tim  Woods.. TIME  DESIGNS 

Retyped  by  GFC 



j Is     the     OK /MATE  20 
!         the  ULTIMATE 
I     TS2068  printer? 

^/gf  W/AERCO  PRINTER  ISF?  Yes,  if 
an  IB*  parallel  Plug  >n  Print  cartridge  is  used. 

OAV  FEATURES?  The  OKI  20  can  print  in 

NU8,  draft,  pica,  elite,  fine,  double  width,  italics,  sub/ 
superscript,  i  underline.  Plain  or  thermal  paper  (tractor/ 
friction  feed)  or  acetate  transparencies  can  be  used. 

Color  printing  is  possible  and  with  'COLOR  COPY*  software, 
fVLL  COLOR 'and  black  ft  white  SCREENS  copies  are  possible. 

CUSTOM  CHARACTER  SETS?  Yes,  downline 
)  loadable  character  sets  of  custo*  characters  and  graphics 
>  can  be  designed  and  transfered  to  an  OKI  20.  The  utility 
I  software  'OKI  D.L.C.G.'  allows  for  easy  design  of  custom 
J  char,  sets  and  'OKI  O.L.P.G.'  can  transform  a  portion  of  a  1 
|  SCREENS  picture  into  a  downline  loadable  character  set. 

OH  I  MATE  SO  EXPENSIVE?  No,  the  OKI  20 
ft  Plug  'n  Print  cart,  are  aideiy  available  for  about  $180. 
For  a  print  sample,  info,  on  2068  software  for  the  OKI  20, 
ana  a  list  of  OKI  20  dealers/prices,  send  a  LSASE  to: 
♦♦♦  John     McMichael  ♦♦♦ ; 

♦♦♦  1710   Palmer*   Dr.  ♦♦♦  I 


A  true  LO/O  operating 

system!  Check  out  these 
features.  .  . 

-Only  1536  bytes  long  Aim 

31800  4no  64000! 
•TS2068  auo  Spectrum 

H^NOLES  A±.   ST-4ND4RO  I/O 


Border  flicker  colors 


-New  commanos  such  as  NO  htSS/GE 

-D/iuo  rates  from  1S00  up  to  3300 

Uses  a  PRINT  »M:  I/O  commano^^ 

Unleash  the  poher  of  your 
printer  hith  this  software 


8  PROGRAMS   AND   OVER  150 



Comes  on  2  tapes  in  a  HIGH 
yU.4_ITY  vinyl  album.  Incluoes 



The  Print  Factor y...$gg. 35  ppd 


.Sffi.35  ppd 

Laramie,    WV   82070        ♦♦♦  »> 


Mso  available  Fron  BY1E  PUHER 

First  Class  Fonts  II.  .  .  .  122.95 
The  D. U.S.  V2.0  (LKDOS) .  *32. 95 

The  Voice  137.95 

IHE  Print  Factory  $22.  95 

2+F.4ST  (fast  load)  $22.95 

ZX81  1st  Class  programs. *12.  95 

BYTE  POWER  Magazine. . . 

1  Issue  (back/current).  ..  tS.  99 

6  Issues  $32.00 

12  Issues  155.00 

First  Class  Pack  *40.  00 

6est  Of  /Ircade  Games.  .  .  .  J22.  95 

Best  Of  Business  $22.95 

Best  Of  Board  Gahes  122.95 


U.  S.  FUNDS  ONLY.  .4ll  prices 


y — — ei 



—  MAXCOli  —    300/1200  baud  Terminal  /  BBS 

-  Complete  communications  S/W  for  the  LKDOS-2068 

-  300  baud  with  the  2050  or  Full  1200  baud  with 
no  missed  characters.  (1200  requires  Z-SIO) 

-  64  column  Terminal  Mode  with  IBM  Graphics 
Auto  dial,  Macros  ,direct  to  disk  buffer. 

-  Powerful  Remote  user  BBS  with  fast  respance 
Auto  answer,  Xmodem  128/512,1024,  Message  bases 
Multi  window,  Direct  access  to  drives  and  more. 

-  Direct  'modem  to  disk'  Xmodem  lets  you  transfer 
files  over  100K    in  length  (  eg:  NMI  saves  etc) 

Price  :  $19.95 

Sequential  /  Random  Access  Files 

-  This  ram  based  LKdos  extension  allows  you  to 
create  /  access  large  disk  based  data  files 
OPEN*  CLOSE*  PRINT*  INPUT*  and  INKEYS*  basic 
commands  are  used  . 

Price  :  $9.95 


-  Edit  any  byte  on  a  disk,  Reformat  single  tracks 

-  Read  disk  headers  ,  Change  disk  parameters  etc. 
Price  :  $15.00 

LKDOS  SHARE-WARE  DISK  (Original  programs  required) 

-  MULTI-TASKING  Tasword.  Lets  you  be  printing  one 
file  from  disk  while  working  on  another.  Aerco  CPI 

-  ART-STUDIO  patch  for  LKdos.  MC  cassete  routines 
converted  to  disk. 

-  Spec-term  64  LKdos  overlay.  Save  Basic  or  Code 
Transfers  to  disk  with  no  messing  about. 

Price  :  $6.00 

(All  software  requires  LKDOS  cartridge      Price:  $65) 
(Prices  $US  )    (Send  cash  for  values  less  than  $20) 

slime  Designs  Mag-azi  ne  presents  J 

|     Mike's  QL  'Hot  Tips'  | 

I  n     £?,edited  compendium  of  the  best  of  I 

«  Dr.  Mike  de  Sosa's  articles  and  reviews  Tor  8 

I  lime  Designs  plus  new  material  by  the  author  I 

S  •*  Tik.iR9  M«  StfMtea  Leap:  Tk&  Last  Herd  On  If 

Available  on  floppy  disk  or  Ificrodrive  cartridges. 
Shipped  by  Firsl  Class  toil  uilhin  one  ueek  of  order. 

On  one  720K  5.23'  floppy  disk 
On  luo  369(C  5,25"  floppy  disks 
On  one  728K  3,5'  floppy  disk  . 
On  six  Microdrive  cartridges  . 

.  J  19,55  +  S  t  H 
.  J  21. 95  *  S  I  H 
1  22.95  +  S  t  H 
J  37.55  ♦  S  4  H  tt 

t  Slill  ovailobje  froi  Tiie  Designs  at  {  26  PPO. 

tt  Printout  the  'Hot  Tips'  and  then  use  the  flicrodrive 
cartridges  for  other  purposes. 

Available  only  froi 


liie  Oesigns  Hogozine 
29722  Hull  Road 
Cotton,  Oregon  97817 

U.S. It.  it 
Telephone:  (583)  824-2658  If 
VISA  and  MASTERCARD  orders  accepted  | 






&  — 
o  in 

V)  <D 

2  2        2  2        g  2 

w  ,S  o 
.=  t-  O 
in  \_ 

da  £ 



ZX81,   TS1000  &  TS1500  OWNERS! 



deals  with  graphic 

•  In  BASIC 

•  in  Machine  Code 

•  using  a  compiler 

•  with  Memotech's  HRG 
The  manual  contains  over  80  listings,  some  in  Basic, 

some  in  Machine  Code  and  each 
with  a  screen  display  sample.  All 
are  ready  to  run.  Each  illustrates 
innovative  methods  to  polish  your 
programs  with  fantastic  graphics. 
Ever  want  to  write  programs  with  line  numbers  past 
9999?     .or  design  a  new  alphabet  or  new  graphic 
symbols?  . .  or  switch  complete  or  parts  ol  the 
screen  inslanlly?   .   It's  all  here  and  more  in 
1APHICS  A  to  Z. 

ONLY  $l5r 

Send^rders  to.  Paul  Bingham 
PO  Box  2034,   Mesa,   AZ  85214 
(please  add  $2  shipping) 

Software  for  the  ql  that  really  works 

KAILBAG  An  address  database  you 
won't  believe.  Labels, 
Rotary  files,  Zip  sort, 
tickler  file,  many  auto 
features,    St  more.  .  .  256K 

TAX-I-QL  Spreadsheet  for  IRS  tax 
returns.  384K 

QLABDLORD  Manage  99  buildings  or 
units.    Do  Sched  E. . 256K 

319.95  ea  pp  on  5   1/4"  DSQD 
{+S2. 00  on  microcart ridge; 

AID  The  most  comprehensive  list 
of  independent  North  American 
software  for  the  QL. 

Agents  for  ZX/TS  SiriusVare 
4K  Wardprocessor  with 
TS  2040  lower  case  printer  driver 

Orders,    Catalogues  St  Dealer  info 

P.O.    Box  3763,      Boston,    XA  02114 
(61? >  "339-0830 

VISA/KC  ok 

Dan  Elliott,  Owner 

Servicing  computerized 
electronic  equipment 

Sinclair  QL       TS-2063        TS-IS00  TS-1000 

16K  Ram  Pack  ZX-Sl 

Commodore  64  VIC-20 

Meraotech  Modules 

Coleco  ADAM       TI-99/4A      Commodore  128 


Write  for  pricesj 

Dan  Elliott 
Route  I,  Box  117 
Cabool,  MO  65689 

Ph.  (314)  739-1712  evenings,  Sunday  -  Thursday. 
Ph.   (417)  469-4S71  weekends. 

ZEBU     C«  "KTWI  ■*  ?i 

Rttention  Basic  Programmers 
(Zunks  Extra  Basic  utilities) 
in   th«  EDIT  LINE  mode  ZEBU  gives 

**  Up/Cn   irrouj   keys,    lets  you 
•  zip    to    the    end   of    the  longest 

•  •  Tr5ncaUnEDIT    line    to    left  or 
r  i  ght  of   the   cursor  . 

•  Fast   DELETE  key   corrects  bug, 
that  Timex    left    In    the  ROM. 

•  Restore    the   edit    line   at  any 
1 1  me  . 

*  Delete   all    between  colons 
in   the   IMMEDIATE  or  RUN  mode 

•  Join    two    basic    lines    to  form 
one    long  line. 

•  Block  move  memory  (LDIR) 
from  a    basic  command. 

*  IB   bit   Poke  (DOKE) 

*  print   a    16   bit  Peek 

•Let  a  variable =a  is  bit  peek. 
J  Print    basic    length  (bytes) 

*  Print   3   types    of    Urge  text. 

*  List    line   or    range   of  lines. 

*  Search    basic  lines. 

•  Electric    INK   auto    ink  rotate. 

•  *•   17  neui  S«68    functions  »»• 

4800  East  Cedar  Lane 
Norman,   Oklahoma  73071 
 14.05)    366  S595  

BottU  Cap 

Graph  i t  — 1 

First  in  a  scries  or  Tsao6B 
inrprnation  Charting  Prog  ranis 

Personal.  Month l«  Sinclair 
Gaming  usage  per  nonth 
starting  with  uuiw  icee. 

Or»phit-l  features: 

3-Olmens i one t   bar  graphing. 

Plot  data  points  with  connect 
poi  n  ts  option. 

Copies  to  TSS04.B,    full  sixe 
printer  ui/fler co  I/F,  or  others 
w/your  custom  driver. 

SflUE  SCREEN*  and /or    DRTfll) . 

Status  Menu  Driven  Program 
requires  Joystick  or  compatible. 

Cassette  version  easily  changed 
for  uour  dist  system.  L»rk«n 
version  is  available. 

nit  Bottle  cap  software  is  ts.ea 
plus  s*h.     Send  checks  to: 

Bottle  cap  Softiuare 
1284.  Brushwood  Five. 
Cincinnati,  oh  4.5224- 




RMG  can  supply  amy  tea  brands  at  low 
prices.  Names  like:  CITIZEN-STAR-ALPS 


■»»  CHECK  THESE  OUT!  »■« 
PANASONIC  KXI080I  ONLY  ♦! 73.00 

PANASONIC  KXI<mi  ONLY  *1??.?3 

STAR  NX1000  MULTI-FONT  ONLY  S180.00 
STAR  NX1000  RAINBOW  ONLY  «23?.?3 

STAR  NX2100  24-PIN  ONLY  «33?.?5 


CITIZEN  120D  ONLY  ♦I59.93 

CITIZEN  1800  ONLY  $175.00 

Please  add  *15  each  for  sh.  s  ins. 
Ue  also  have  MANY  used  printers  in 
stock-Mr i  tt  or  cal I !   


mi?  1/2  7TH  STREET 
303/435-7181  »  N0ON-I0  TUE-SAT 

Jon't  File  Your  1988  Tax  Return 

UNTIL.     YOU  Hf=»UE 

QUI  IK -104-0-88 

Iht  LmtSl  stLLm  T/J  ttifS  litem  Tax  Pro?™  in  dwrici 

INCLUDES:  Form  1040,  1040A  &  EZ , 
Sen.  O  ,  B  &  R  *  Forms  2106,  24-4.1 
Automatic  calculation  Income  Tax 
Liabi li ty ,Chi Id  Care  Credit  Tax- 
able Social  Security,  Earned  In-1 
come  Credit  *Multiple  U-2  &  1099/ 
Entry  *  2040  Compatible   #  More 

THIS  YEAR  SCH  C  and  5E  Included' 
Oh  l  y   $29  .  50  F&\&m& 

For  Timex/Sinclair   3Q6B  Computer 

ouik-104.0  is  an  "interview  type" 
program,  it  will  calculate  your 
allowable  IRAs  ,  Interest  and  De- 
ductions accurately,  without  the 
use  of  cumbersome  input  sheets. 

This  prwai  ras  designed  with  the  taxpayer  in  ilnd.  It  is  easy; 
for  you  to  accurately  prepare  your  own  incoae  tax  return  EVEN  IF 
Yd)  HAVE  SEVER  OCHE  IT  BEFORE!  It  is  also  sophisticated  enough! 
to  be  used  to  prepare  returns  for  others,  Kith  or  vithout  exper- 
ience, to  idea)  teaching  too)  for  tax  and  accounting  students. 

1987  OUIK-104.0  FROM  A*B*B*A  SOFT' 
TOKF   P.    FULL    »10   DISCOUNT.  • 

The  1987  fflK-IMO  is  STIlt  AVAILABLE  for  Just  $12  POSTPAID. 

Send  CHEK  or  rlOHEY  ORDER  (U.S.  Funds) /Bid-January  Shipment  Date! 





2533  Uoodshire  Circle 
Chesapeake,   UA  23323 
Phone:    304-  4.37-5924. 

SEPT/OCT  1989 
Dear  Outaofotown  members  Sept  8th 

We  had  our  September  meeting  last 
night.  I  was  somewhat  pleased  at  having  about 
15  members  turn  up.  I  had  rather  thought  it 
would  be  a  small  night.  We  had  two  ZX81's  set 
up  and  a  2068  with  a  Larken  system.  And  our 
September  newsletter  was  there  for  members  to 
pick  up. 

We  presented  a  slate  of  officers  for  the 
following  year.  Essentially  the  same  persons 
are  candidates  for  the  following  year.. 

We  managed  to  get  a  22npage  newsletter  out 
this  time.  We  have  to  thank  our  several 
contributors  for  that.,  Do  keep  up  the  good 
work.  It  is  very  satisfying  to  be  able  to  send 
out  good  newsletters!  How  about  those  of  you 
who  have  not  contributed.  Take  a  crack  at 
it.,  We  appreciate  it. 

Some  of  you  may  have  noticed  the  mention  of 
our  club  in  Michael  O'Brien's  "MORE  TIMEX" 
column  in  the  September  issue  of  the  COMPUTER 
SHOPPER.  This  came  about  because  I  sent  a  copy 
of  our  newsletter  to  him,  to  soften  comments  I 
made  about  his  column.  One  of  our  members 
liKened  his  column  as  "taking  on  a  Flat  Earth 
quality  at  times".  Rather  apt,  I  thought,  and 
it  paralleled  my  comments  somewhat. 

However,  if  nobody  sends  him  any  information 
about  the  Timex  scene  how  does  he  find  out. 
(Well,  he  could  become  our  club  secretary,  and 
he'd  find  out  plenty!) 

Dan  Pinko  has  sent  in  a  review  of  a  Video 
Digitizer  unit  that  he  bought  from  a  place  in 
Holland.  Paid  about  $93  US,  and  is  mighty 
pleased  with  it.  He  uses  a  "twistor"  board  to 
interface  it  with  his  2068.  If  any  of  you  who 
can't  wait  for  the  next  issue  of  the  news3 
letter,  I  can  send  you  a  copy  of  his  review. 

In  the  newsletter  there  is  an  advert  for  an 
AMDEK    disk    drive    unit,    by    a    former  club 
member,  Greg  Lloyd,  who  has    switched    to  the 
Atari.  I  used  to  have  one  of  these  units  until 
I  sold  it  to  our  treasurer.    Recently    I  have 
tried  this  one  out,  and  it  is  working  well.  I 
was  using  it  on  my  Larken  system..  However 
several  of  our  members  are  using  one  like  it 
on  their  QL  systems.  The  drawback  to  it  is 
that  it  uses  3  inch  disks.  These  cost  $4  to  $5 
each.  It's  single^sided  also,  though  you  can 
turn  the  disks  over.  If  you  are  interested, 
you  might  drop  him  a  line,  and  make  a  deal. 

On  the  topic  of  3rjinch  disks  I  see  an  advert 
in  TS  UPDATE  by  someone  offering  3ainch  disks 
for  about  $4  each.  I'll  get  that  advert  out 
and  put  it  in  the  newsletter. 

I  plan  to  put  together  a  sheet  of  Timex 
adverts  much  like  we  had  the  last  newsletter, 
and  include  it  with  this  issue.  I  hope  that  it 
proves  useful  and  worthwhile.  We  do  not  take 
paid  adverts  in  our  newsletter.  Long  ago  we 
decided  that  we  did  not  need  the  hassle  of 
advert  monies  (aren't  we  pure!),  so  we  never 
went  after  it.  We  still  have  that  philosophy, 
but  to  me  it  does  seem  like  a  service  to  our 
members  to  put  out  as  many  adverts  from  Timex 
dealers  as  I  can  come  across.  Being  the 
secretary  I  come  across  many  items  like  this 
but  I'm  sure  that  many  members  have  no  way  of 
knowing  what  is  out  there.  How  else  are  you  to 
find  out.. 

At  least  that's  my  thoughts.  What  do  you 
think?  Is  it  a  good  idea? 

In  this  current  issue  there  is  an  excerpt 
from  a  letter  to  me  by  one  of  our  members, 
Steven  Gunhouse.  Steven  writes  all  this  good 
stuff  to  me,  and  I  must  confess  that  I  put  it 
to  one  side,  saying  to  myself, "I '11  look  at 
that' when  I  have  time  to  concentrate  on  it". 
The  time  never  seems  to  come!  I  also  put  off 
replying  to  Steven  for  the  same  reason,  till 
I'm  ashamed.  Anyway,  I  have  enough  stuff  of 
Steven's  to  go  into  the  next  one  or  two 
issues.  This  month  it  is  a  little  bit  heavy, 
with  Larken  DOS  calls.  There  is  some  lighter 
stuff  coming j  not  too  light,  mind  you.  Steven 
presents  challenging  material  in  his  letter  to 
me.  Anyone  care  to  correspond  with  him? 

I  mentioned  in  my  last  missive  that  I  had  a 
hard  time  finding  a    HCTntype  chip  to  use  on 
a  Larken  cartridge  with  a  Spectrum  ROM.  One  of 
our  members,  John  Austin,  drove  over  to  BG 
Electronics  and  picked  up  ten  of  them  for  me. 
He  says  they  are  a  gift  to  the  club  for  all 
the  help  we  have  been  to  him.  So  if  any  of  you 
are  looking  for  74HCT32P  chips,  drop  me  a 
line.  You  can  have  one  or  two  for  the  asking. 
Thanks  John. 

Let  me  see.  Hugh  Howie,  our  QL  section 
leader,  has  provided  me  with  a  copy  of  the 
club's  QL  library.  I  am  sending  a  copy  out  to 
every  QL  owner  that  I  know  of  in  the  club.  If 
you  do  not  get  a  copy,  and  want  one,  ask  me 
for  a  copy.  Some  of  you  may  have  a  QL,  that  I 
have  forgotten  about.  I  mentioned  to  Hugh,  and 
he  concurs,  that  so  far  as  costs  go  we  should 
operate  in  the  same  fashion  as  we  do  for  the 
other  sections.  That  is,  members  should 
reimburse  us  for  our  postage  costs.  There  is 
one  important  difference  in  the  QL  section 
though.  Take  note  of  it.  Seems  that  the  QL,  a 
fine  computer  no  doubt  (would  I  dare  say 
otherwise?),  nevertheless  seems  to  be  finicky 
in  it's  use  of  disks/cartridges.  Therefore  we 
ask  QL  owners  to  send  in  their  formatted 
medium,  and  Hugh  will  transfer  program 
copies  to  it  and  return  them  to  you.  Clear? 

I  mentioned  in  a  previous  n/l  that  it 
would  be  best  if  you  sent  your  requests  for  QL 
stuff  directly  to  Hugh.  Much  quicker,  because 
I  do  not  have  the  facilities  or  familiarity  to 
be  much  help.  Nevertheless  I  am  still 
concerned  with  the  QL  owners,  and  you  should 
feel  free  to  write  to  me  (also).  I  sort  of 
hate  to  lose  touch  with  any  of  our  out3ofatown 
members • 

Hugh  also  gave  me  some  more  material  to  go 
out  with  the  QL  catalogue,  but  I  thought  it 
was  so  good  that  it  should  go  into  the 
newsletter,  so  that  we  could  all  see  it.  So  it 
should  be  in  the  next  issue. 

We  have  made  up  a  catalogue  of  the  2068 
Larken  disk  library  also.  I  am  sending  a  copy 
of  it  to  every  Larken  owner  with  this  issue  of 
the  newsletter.  Again,  if  you  do  not  get  a 
copy,  my  apologies,  and  ask  me  for  a  copy  if 
you  want  one.  There  are  1 5  disks  listed  in  the 
catalogue  currently.  I  am  working  on  a  couple 
more  disk  ideas.  One  on  various  calendars 
programs  1  another  on  banner  programs.  Takes  a 
bit  of  time  to  do  these  up  though.  First  one 
has  to  cull  through  the  tape  library  to  find 
them,  save  them  to  disk,  then  see  just  what 

they  are i  eliminate  duplicates.  Then  write  a 
bit  of  information  about  each  of  them  for  a 
HELP  section,  and  get  them  into  the  menu 
loading  routine. 

I  have  another  idea  for  a  disk.  That  is  to 
collect  all  the  articles  that  have  been 
published  in  our  newsletter  pertaining  to  the 
.Larken  system  and  place  them  on  a  disk. 

One  of  the  disks  (actually  a  suite  of 
three  disks)  is  the  PIXEL  PRINT  PLUS  program 
that  was  donated  to  PD.  Stan  Lemke  sent  us  a 
complimentary  copy  on  tape,  and  Steve  Spalding 
sent  us  a  copy  of  his  Icon  and  Masthead  files* 
I  have  combined  them  and  modified  them  for  use 
on  the  Larken  system.  It  is  Disk  #15  in  the 
2068  Larken  library.  An  interesting  program..  I 
see  where  Bob  Mitchell  has  a  column  in  our 
newsletter,  which  gives  a  good  idea  of  what  it 
is  about. 

After  one  or  two  false  starts  I  have 
decided  to  handle  the  disks  on  the  same  basis 
as  tapes.  That  is,  I  will  send  out  a  copy  that 
you  request  and  you  are  to  make  a  copy  and 
return  the  disk  to  me.  Along  with  our  postage 
costs,  same  as  with  tapes.  It  turned  out  that 
making  up  disks  was  going  to  be  somewhat  of  a 
chore,  and  I  certianly  have  other  more 
interesting  things  to  do.  How  many  at  a  time. 
Welx,  I'm  a  little  bit  relaxed  about  that.  But 
don't  ask  for  all  of  them  at  one  goj  I  don't 
want  to  have  to  make  up  too  many  copies!! 

Did  you  see  the  review  of  the  Z88  in  a 
current  issue  of  the  (US)  CONSUMER  REPORTS 
magazine.  They  treat  the  Z88  in  a  rather 
cavalier  way,  I  must  say.  But,  if  Sinclair 
insists  on  walking  his  own  path  can  anyone 
complain  if  no  one  takes  his  products 

Richard  Hurd,  in  SINCUS  NEWS,  reports  on  a 
"Linger  Board"  from  Jack  Dohany.  It  is  said  to 
be  a  RS232  video  terminal  board  that  emulates 
quite  a  few  popular  terminals.  It  allows  the 
use  of  an  IBM  keyboard  and  composite  of  TTL 
monitors  for  a  80  x  25  line  display.  There  is 
more  but  I  shall  have  to  get  Richard  to  give 
us  more  details.  Hey,  howcum  you  haven't 
mentioned  it  to  us  yet,  Richard? 

Have  any  of  our  members  ordered  the  program 
THE  PRINT  FACTORY  from  BytePower?  It  has  been 
a  long  time  coming  since  they  started 
advertising  it.  I  wrote  to  them  on  behalf  of 
one  of  our  members  asking  what  was  the  holdup. 
They  replied  promptly  that  they  had  had 
programming  difficulties    in  the  Printer 
routines,  but  that  it  was  about  ready  to  ship. 
That  was  in  March,  '89. 

LO  and  Behold,  a  week  ago  one  of  our 
members  reported  receiving  his  copy  after  many 
long  months  of  waiting.,  I  hope  that  we  can  get 
a  review  of  it  for  the  next  issue.  It  is  a  DTP 
type  of  program.  First  reports  are  that  it  is 
quite  remarkable,  though  the  documentation  is 
pretty  sketchy. 

Gossip  has  it  that  Jack  Dohany  is  going  to 
take  on  the  British  DTP  program  WORD  MASTER, 
and  adapt  it  to  the  American  taste.  Much  the 
same  way  as  he  worked  over  MSCRIPT  to  improve 
it's  operation.  I  imagine  that  would  include 
Larkenising  it.  WORD  MASTER  is  primarily  a 
word  processor,  with  companion  software  to 
give  it  DTP  capabilities.  It  is  an  impressive 
program  with  solid  documentation.,  How  about  a 
6x8  inch,  100  page  manual. 

Bob  Mitchell  and  I  both  have  FASTEXT  80 
printers  so  I  fear  that  you  are  going  to  get 
many  of  the  programs  on  the  Larken  library 
disks  set  up  for  the  SCM  Fastext  80.  Well,  you 
will  certianly  be  able  to  modify  them  for  your 
printer.  An  example  of  this  is  the  PIXEL  PRINT 

.   I  recently  received  a  document  from  Bill 
Harmer.v  It  is  one  that  he  has  written  called 
"Tips,  Tricks,  and  Techniques  Of  The  User 
Group  Masters".,  It  deals  with  the  ZX81/TS1000. 

It  is  about  26  pages  in  length,  and  as  it's 
title  suggests,  it  is  a  compendium  of 
information  about  the  use  of  the  ZX81., 

If  any  of  you  ZX81  enthusiasts  out  there  are 
interested,  I  can  get  some  copies  made  and 
send  them  to  you.  The  cost  would  be  for 
xeroxing  and  mailing,  I  would  say  about  $2.50. 
Now,  I  must  warn  you  that  all  of  Bill  Harmer's 
material  suffers  from  severe  wordiness, 
i however  you  may  very  well  glean  worthwhile 
ideas  from  his  writing.  In  particular,  persons 
new  to  the  ZX81  could  well  find  it  interests 

Bill  is  still  revising  his  other  manual, 
the  one  on  the  ZX81  Larken  system,  so  I  have 
not  sent  any  of  them  out  yet.  I  think  Bill 
will  wind  it  up  shortly  (maybe  by  the  next 
newsletter),  and  I'll  let  you  know  then. 

Let  me  see  now.  One  of  our  members,  Louis 
Laferriere,  has  a  cartridge  which  plugs  into 
the  2068  cartridge  dock,  for  sale.  It  has  the 
markings  "ENTER  LENGUA"  on  it,  and  has  an 
EPROM  (I  think)  mounted  on  it  along  with 
another  small  chip  and  a  small  multirjswitch.  I 
suspect  that  it  is  a  Spectrum  converter  for 
the  2068. 

Also  he  has  a  small  black  box  to  plug  unto 
the  rear  of  the  2068.  I  suspect  that  this  is  a 
-twister"  board,  a  gadget  that  was  designed  to 
allow  Spectrum  accessories  to  be  plugged  into 
the  2068.  Anyone  that's  interested,  make  an 

I'm  just  collecting  my  thoughts  together 
now.  I  think  that  I  am  upnto^date  with  all  my 
mailings.  If  I'm  not,  or  if  you  are  waiting 
for  something  from  me,  do  let  me  know. 

We  have  had  a  number  of  new  members  join 
recently  as  a  consequence  of  the  TS  UPDATE 
mention  of  us,  so  I  may  have  overlooked  some 
of  you  in  the  rush.  As  a  matter  of  interest  I 
did  a  membership  tally,  and  found  that  we  have 
75  members  in  the  club  currently,  and  58  of 
you  are  out^ofntown  members.  So  you  can  see 
that  you  are  a  significant  part  of  the  club. 

I  have  written  to  Tim  Wood  with  the  names 
of  four  club  members  who  have  not  received 
their  newsletters,  so  if  a  copy  appears 
in  your  letterbox  someday,  let  me  know.  Truth 
to  say,  I  suspect  that  Tim  Woods  lost  his 
subscriber  list  and  doesn't  know  who  to  send 
the  magazine  to.  Thats  what  can  happen  when 
you  use  a  Sinclair  product,  don't  you  know 

On  that  note  I  shall  close  off  this  missive. 
Sincerely,  George  Chambers 

September  23,  1989 

14  Richome  Court 
S  car-  bor  oug  h  ?    On  t „ 

Les  Cottrell  H1K  2Yi 

108  River  Heights  Drive 

Cocoa,    FL  32922 

Dear  Les? 

Glad  to  hear   that  you  have  your  version  3  EPROM?  finally! 
Thanks  for   the  return  on   the   loaner  EPROM.    Also  thanks   for  the 
#10  for  a  xerox  copy  of  Dr  Logan's  Spectrum  ROM  disassembly. 

I  am  sending   it  separately?    since  the  postage  is   less  that 
way.    There  is  a  printed  matter  rate  that   is  cheaper  than  sending 
i  t   a s  a   1 e 1 1 e r  r ate- 

The  copying  mas  $5.80,  plus  $2 . 90  postage  =  $8.  70  That  leaves 
y  a  u  u  i  t  h  a  c  r  e  d  i  t  o  f  a  b  o  u  t  *  1 .  5  0 . 

I'm  enclosing  a  copy  of   the  library  disk  #9,.    It  may  not  be 
completed  to  my  complete  satisfaction,    but   it   is  not  too  bad? 
anyway,,    I  may  be  able  to  get  some  more  documentation   for  it? 
later  on,,    If  you  are   into  graphics?    ask  me  for  another  disk 
which    is  not    in   the   library^   one  that   contains  Artist   II   and  Art 
Studio.    And  a  bit  more,,    I   have  documentation  for   these  but   it  is 
..... vj.;  on  c|js[.:.u    These  are  Spectrum  programs  but  they  have  been 

apted  for   the  barken  system,,    No,    I'll    include   it  with  this 
package?    the  postage  will   be  the  same . 

Regarding  Pixel   Print?    I   have  recently  obtained  a  program 
which   is  designed  to  help  you  to  create  your  own   icons,    it  was 

constructed  by  Stan  !  emke  to  be  used  with  the  Icon  Library 

manager)    etc-    1   shall   tack   it  onto  one  of   the  disks  that   I  am 
sending  you,    It   is  called    I  Con- l  *~&L     (coN~L  %C{ 

I I  i  s  v  e  r  y  s  i  m  i  1  a  r   t  o  t  h  e  i  c  o  n  -  m  a  k  e  r   i  n  t  h  e  G  r  e  e  t  i  n  g  C  a  r  d 
Maker  that?    was   it   Zebra??    used  to  sell. 

3 h all   c 1 ose  now?      Si  n cer e I y  ? 

George  Chambers