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A STORM of protest has erupted 
lowing the release of CRUS Jack 
The Ripper computer game. The 
цате, which features pictures of 
(Ç tly mutilated women, has re 


Editorial 

















CI Software contracts... 
О Sound check in Japan 
О Kenn Garroch 
O Interfacin 
O Listings.. 





cently received an '18' certificate 
from the British Board Of Film 
Classification. 

Conservative MP Harry Green- 
way has lashed out at CRL and 
said, "This game should immedi 
ately be confiscated by the police 

Greenway Was both appalled 
and sickened when informed that 
one scene in the game shows a 
picture of a near-naked woman 
lying dead in a pool of blood. 

Clement Chambers, 23 year old 
chairman of CRL, said "People are 
used to horror and are interested 
in it. Jack The Ripper is something. 
that by having explicit details in it 
adds а whole new dimension" he 
continued. 

By receiving an '18' certificate, 
Jack The Ripper is subject to 
certain laws as who it can be sold 
to 

Chambers isn't too concerned 
that under 18's may see the game, 
however. "Im not particularly 





























worried. If you think I stay up all 
night worrying about it, then no. 
Dealers know they can't sell to 
persons under 18 as there is a 
sticker saying this on the packa- 
girig" he said. 

Apparently the only warning 

dealers have about the nature of 
ihe game is on the packaging. 
Electronic Arts, CRL's distributors, 
didn't realise the game was of a 
strong nature. 
John Forrest, a Director of EA 
aid: "We knew it would be certi 
fied, but 1 thought it was in the 
same genre as other releases, so we 
have not really informed dealers in. 
any major way 

According to a spokesman for 
The Home Office; "any dealer sell- 
ing the product to under 18's could. 
face legal action and face a fine up. 
to $200 

If the product is sold by mail 
order, then a declaration would 
have to be signed by the purchaser 

















stating that they are 18 or over 

Would any police aetion be tak- 
en? "We're not aware of the com- 
puter game and cannot comment", 
а spokesperson for Scotland Yard 
said. 

Ken Penry, Deputy Director of 
‘The British Board Of Film Classifi- 
cation said the game received an 
18° certificate for two reasons. 
"There is one particular graphic 
picture of a woman and also there 
Ís a passage in the dialogue which 
meant the game had to receive an 
18' certificate 

Chris Paradine, research assis: 
tant for Jo Richardson, the Labour 
Party Spokesperson on women, 
said "I would call this pornograph- 
іс material 
This is part of a complex 
syndrome of trivialising and de. 
grading women and perpetuating 
sexist stereotypes, 
ambers himself said, “This 
game isn't sexist" 














Data Protection Act in force 


THIS WEEK the final element of. 
the Data Protection Act came into 
Torce, giving you the right to see 
personal data that is held on 
computer files 

The storing of personal informa- 
tion on computers has always had 
а ‘Big Brother Is Watching You 
menace about it. 

Among those who receive confi 
dential data are banks’ employers 
and schools, and if the information 
they have is inaccurate, the sub- 
jec's life coud! be seriously 
affected. 

Sarah Spencer, General Secre- 
tary for the National Council of 
Civil Liberties (NCCL) gave a case. 
example. "A former employee of 
ап international ой company was 
blacklisted because they thought 
he was a communist. Although he 

continued on page 6 D> 



















Now the Summer willsurely last forever! 





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CBM 64 


AMSTRAD — 9 = HZ TOBEWON IN Š: zi 
Hi ME — EVERYPACK! Ex .Epyx 





-CONTENTS 


NEWS DESK.. ..1-8 
Furore over Jack The Ripper continues... Data Protection 
Act comes into full effect. ... Amiga owners plagued by Virus 
hackers 





NEWS ANALYSIS 10, 11 


Francis Botto explains the finer implications of the Data 
Protection Act, and asks who will it protect? 





LETTERS .12 





GAMES... . 15-24 
‘Two Games of the Week this week - Defender of the Crown on 
the C64, and Elite on the PC. Also RISK, Inspector Gadget, 
Spellbinder, Driller, Leviathan, Travel Game, Mean Streak 
and Chuck Yeager's Advanced Flight Simulator 





Әу с sicnor л 


David King reviews the new C compiler for the Archimedes 








THE DOTTED LINE SYNDROME. .30, 31 


David Lester offers advice and warnings to any programmers 
starting to hawk their wares round the software houses 


"SOUND CHECK IN JAPAN... 32 


Mark Jenkins reports from Tokyo on Yamaha's 1988 product. 
range 





KENN GARROCH.. .34, 35 





ON THE LATCH... .31, 38 


[епп Garroch continues his series on interfacing with advice 
бл decoding with the 280 processor 





LISTINGS... 39-41 





COMMENT 


Malcolm Arnold on the question of violence 





he mystery surrounding the Virus Amiga program looks 

Ке being a sad re-run of Commodore's “Crisis? What 
crisis?" attitude to the A500 grey imports affair during the 
summer. Then, as now, a situation arose which was affecting 
large numbers of Amiga owners who had paid good money - for 
а machine, Then, as now, it appeared that many of them ran 
into a problem without warning and about which they had no 
idea what to do. Then, as now, it came to light not through any 
public statement by Commodore, but from members of the 
public. And then, as now, Commodore surveyed the situation 
from a position of majestic inactivity. This is not good enough. 

‘The pages of this magazine have been littered all too often in 
the past with stories of firms not keeping faith with their 
customers. All too often the simple truth has had to be restated 
- computers are not cheap, and customers have a right to 
expect much greater support from manufacturers in situations 
such as this. 

Of course it may be that, as a Commodore spokesman 
suggested, that someone is pulling our collective leg, in which 
сазе you can expect three lines at the bottom of an inside page 
in next week's issue by way of grovelling apology. 

But what if we are right and Commodore is wrong? 
Commodore will then be in the unenviable position of not only 
failing to respond quickly enough to а serious situation, but 
compounding that failure by dismissing it as а hoax. We аге 
confident that our readers will be the arbiters in this case, as in 
many others and that they will prove the truth or otherwise of 
this extraordinary tale. In the event of it being true, we and 
they shall expect immediate action from Commodore to rectify 
matters. 


H: we go again. CRL's Jack The Ripper has got all the Dis- 








gusteds from Tunbridge Wells and beyond crawling out of 

the woodwork. Once again, a software house has won 
masses of cheap, if not free, publicity by using the oldest trick 
іп the book - shock horror. Once again the press - Popular 
Computing Weekly is no exception - has played along and once 
again the feminist lobby has found itself in bed, so to speak, 
with the hang 'em and flog 'em brigade. 

There are two ways for the public and the computer 
industry to eradicate shoxploitation. One is obviously for the 
public not to buy it and to purchase other titles instead. In the 
case of games which are in any case good to play, that is maybe 
too much to expect. 

But another way is for the rest of the computer software in- 
dustry to use a little - pardon the word - inventiveness. What is 
so difficult about dreaming up other ways of making games 
attractive to the public, other ways of promoting them, so that. 
software houses won't be tempted to appeal to the lowest 
common denominator? This kind of thing is, let's face it, more 
tiresome and boring than actually shocking. If the purveyors of 
this kind of product won't grow up of their own accord, maybe 
it's time the rest of us set them an example, 

















Production Editor Yvonne Hartland 
Staff Writer Nikki Carvey 
Advertisement Manager David Osen 
Advertisement Executive Athena 
Peerman 

Classified Manager Susannah King 





Greencoat House, Francis Street, London 
SWIP IDG 


Typeset by Magazine Typesetters, 6 
Parnell Court, East Portway, Andover, 
Hampshire 


A rocs utm rues Classified Executives Robert Cole, Printed by McCorquodale Magazines, 
Tim Owen Andover, Hampshire. 

COMPUTING Managing Editor Brendan Gore Distributed by SM Distribution, London 
Publisher Trish Phillips ‘SW9, Telephone: 01-274 8611, Telex 

Mern Group Publisher Paul Coster 261643 

Executive Editor a Jago Chief Executive Richard Hease © Focus Magazines 1987. 

Deputy Editor John Brissenden Financial Director Brendan McGrath — ISSN 0265-0509 

Features Editor Duncan Evans Published by Focus Magazines, 





Popular Computing Weekly. Tel: 01-834 
1717. Fax 01-630 6165 





19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 


POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY/3 








- NEWS DESK 


MYSTERY last week surrounded a 
program which is corrupting discs 
and data held by increasing 
mumbers of Amiga users 

According to Yuri Large, of the 
Amiga User's Club, the Virus pro- 
gram was initiated by the Sean 
navian Cracking Association (SCA) 
to outdo all the other cracking 
groups. 

SCA created Virus by producing 
a program which writes itself onto 
the RAM and then infects every 
dise which subsequently. comes 
into contact with it. Having put the 
program on all the games it had 
cracked, the SCA then passed 
them to its contacts and so Virus 
read. 
But Commodore appeared not to 
be taking the matter seriously 
Amanda Cridge, marketing man- 
ager for Commodore UK, dis 
missed Virus as a hoax saying, 
“ls like something out of a 














science fiction boom" 

Large is adamant that it does 
exist. "I is quite a big thing. We've 
had a batch of software go down 
and it's been on the machines in 
our shops. Now we won't let any 
one we don't know put their discs. 
into our machines." 

In addition Alan Hubbard of 
Dimension Computers, Leicester, 
informed us that Virus had sud- 
denly appeared on his machines, 
He had no idea what had caused it. 

"Im completely in the dark 
about it" he said. "There was 
suddenly a message on the screen 
saying, "Your Amiga is Alive" 

At the moment, Large thinks it 
is predominantly Amiga pirates 
who are contracting Virus, retribu. 
tion for their illicit dealings, one 
might say 

Sooner or later, legitimate users 
will be on the receiving end, unless 
the infection сап be eradicated 











Despite the mystery surround- 
ing Virus, Large explained that it 
was very easy to get rid of, “Turn 
off the machine for a minute to 
allow the memory to clear and 
then use a Virus killer on each of 
your dises." Virus killer was de- 
vised by hackers in the U.S. but is 
available in Britain for $3.50. 

While Large maintains that al- 
most every Amiga user has heard 
about or seen Virus, Commodore 
remains unconcerned. 

Another Commodore U.K. 
spokesman stated that Virus was a 
little too similar to the AIDS epi- 
demic to be taken seriously. He 
added, "I think someone is pulling 















@ Whenever you switch on an 
Amiga you need to insert а boot 
disc which contains basic informa- 
tion about the initial set-up - 
screen colours, stack space and 








Amiga plague mystery 


во forth. 

‘The boot sector is 512 bytes long 
and loads very quickly. Some strik- 
ing programs have been written in 
this sector, including graphics de- 
mos, stunning sound tracks - and 
now Virus. 

А system booted with a Virus 
disc looks like any other, but the 
program sits there silently waiting 
for more dises to be inserted and 
then writes itself to them, 

Each time a Virus disc is booted 
it counts, writing a number back to 
the boot sector. After a while there _ 
is a random delay before th 
machine crashes. A message ap" 
pears to say ‘Something wonderful 
has happened - your Amiga is 
alive 

The usual three-key reset does 
not kill Virus. It sits there marking 
time and corrupting the next di 
inserted. The only way to kill it is a 
full power-off re-set, 

















NEXT WEEK Tynesoft is releasing 
its new winter sports’ simulation 
game, Winter Olympiad 755 

ions get underway 
у in Cal- 
gary, Canada, Tynesoft believe the 
game will successfully capture the 
atmosphere of such an event. 

Available free with the game is 
a booklet with an introduction 
written by David Vine. One of 
television's leading sports’ com: 
mentators, Vine has been associat- 
ed with the Winter Olympic Games. 
for the last twenty years. 

In addition, those who buy the 
game can enter a competition to 
win a holiday to the Games in 
February. The closing date for this 
will be 30th January, 1088. 

The game will cost $7.95 on 
cassette for Spectrum, Amstrad, 
CI6/Plus 4, and 59.05 for Commo- 
dore 64, Atari XL/XE, BBC/Elec- 
tron. On disc, it will retail at 814.95 
for BBC/Master Compact, Atari 
XL/XE and $19.95 for Amiga, 
Atari ST and IBM. 











Winter Olympics game to 
offer holiday in Canada 








Winter Olympiad introduction by sports commentator, David Vine 


Elite 
plans 


Elite Software last week eom- 
pleted plans for its 1988 product 
range - involving a 120 per cent 
increase in programming capacity, 
їп a statement the company also 
emphasised moves it has recently 
taken towards expansion of its 
software activities, including: 
MOVING its administration to 
Lichfield, thereby freeing (һе 
whole of its Aldridge offices for 
use as a software development 
centre; 
APPOINTING George Yapp as soft- 
ware development manager, Niki 
Penny as brand manager for the 
Loriciels product range, and Geoff 
Grimes as marketing manager, 
thus freeing sales manager Ber- 
nard Dugdale to spend more time 
‘with customers; 
STRENGTHENING its software 
team by adding three additional 
supervisors to the management, 
an. 
BUYING Durell. 











AJPOPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY 


19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 


























The cute computer show 


By Peter Worlock 


WHILE the rest of the world is 
preoceupied with the burning is- 
‘sues of the day - where is 08/2? is 
the Amiga better than the ST? 
should 1 buy an Amstrad PC or 
someone else's?, Macintosh owners. 
quietly continue their love affair 
with the cute computer and Apple 
continues to rake in the millions. 

Tosay that Apple is doing things 
its own way is a massive under- 
statement and nowhere was this 
more evident than at last week's 
MacUser Show at North London's 
Business Design Centre. 

‘The Business Design Centre and 
the Mac might have been made for 
each other, sharing that "very 
designer" appearance. Not for the 
Mac the soulless caverns of Olym- 
pia, nor the every day feel of some 
anonymous city hotel 

Once you had gained entrance to 
this hallowed ground, the first 
impression was bewildering to any. 
hardened show-goer, For one thing 
there was near silence - no throb- 
bing soundtracks booming from 
neon-lit stands; for another there 
were no thronging masses barging 
down crowded aisles. Instead there 
was a cool, unhurried elegance, 
like a Palace garden party organ- 
ised by the marketing department. 

But there was new product, and 
а Jot of it. Some was newer than 
others: Ashton-Tate was showing 


Pirate 
launch 


THIS WEEK budget company, 
rate Software, launched their first 
Spectrum +3 compilation. 

The new label is called Pirate 
343 and is priced at $0.95. Leigh 
Richards, Pirate Publishing Man- 
ager, explained, “Instead of paying 
for games on separate discs, we are 
offering the consumer the chance 
to buy three on one; 

The first titles available on 
Pirate 3+3 are Сай Me Psycho, 
Holiday in Sumaria and Smash 
Ош, all of which were previously 
available for the Spectrum 
48/128K. 

















dBase Mac, a full year after its 
debut (а sort of Star Trek of the 
business world), but the company 
insists that the software is ready 
this time. It is more or less exactly 
what you'd expect: all the features 
of dBase on the PC, coupled with 
the Мас windows, menus and 
mouse-driven control 

There was a second new con- 
tender in Mac databases in the 
orm of 4th Dimension, distributed 
in the UK by User Power Software. 
Preliminary reports are good, but 
at 5645 it would have to be good. 

Meanwhile, Blyth Software, Пу- 
ing the flag for Britain, was pulling. 
the crowds (using "crowd" in its 
loosest sense). Its Omnis 3 pro- 
gram has established a virtual 
monopoly in the area of serious 
data management on the Mac and 
Ashton-Tate may have taken 12 
months too long in bringing dBase 
to the Mac market. 

Not surprisingly, desktop pub- 
lishing products abounded with 
laser printers, scanners and big 
screens coming at you from all 
sides. DTP software continues to 
be a cut-throat race for suprema- 
ty. Quark Xpress, a highly praised 
newcomer, drew a lot of attention, 
While marketleader Aldus an- 
mounted Pagemaker version 3. 
This is Aldus’ response to Ready- 
SetGo version 3, but sneaking up 
оп the blind side, Letraset an. 
nounced RSG vers 














Apple itself brought two new 
products to the show Multifinder 
and Hypercard. The first is a new 
Mac operating system which offers. 
limited multitasking but is claimed 
to be compatible with existing 
software. Hypercard defies de- 


The Macintosh Plus — improved speed, 
storage and peripheral expandibiy 


scription and is really a new cate- 
gory of software: part operating 
system, part programming lan- 
guage for people who can't pro- 
gram, part freeform database, part 
graphics paint program, part Side- 
kick lookalike, and some of just 
about everything else you can 
think of. 

One noted Macintosh observer 
has said Hypercard will be recog- 
nised as a milestone in the history 
of computing. 1 can't help feeling 





NEWS DESK- 


it's much more important than 
that, but you'll have to see it for 
yourself 

One for the Dear Santa Depart- 
ment take а Mac П, add Super- 
mac's Spectrum graphics board 
and its 18-ineh colour monitor and 
you've got a commercial graphics 
workstation. The system gives you 
а 68020 processor, megabytes of 
ВАМ, 1024 x 768 pixel resolution, 
and 256 colours from a pallette of 
millions. Not much change from 
310000 though. 

On a more accessible scale, 
there was a Mac version of BBC 
Basic, Borland showed the latest 
versions of Sidekick and Turbo 
Pascal, and like Canute trying to 
hold back the tide, HSV Computer 
Services fought for that old com- 
puter show feel by flogging dis- 
count discs, printer ribbons and 
boxes of paper. 

By any standards the MacUser 
Show has to rank as a success, not 
least in the sense that it demon- 
strated the Mac's victory - against 
all the odds - in establishing itself 
as а serious rival to the IBM PC 
standard. 

But 1 couldn't escape the feeling 
that in achieving that success, 
Apple has lost something along the 
way - a sense of fun, pethaps, or 
the spirit of adventure. These may 
not be valuable commercial assets, 
but I've always thought they were 
the computer industry at its best, 

















Joint BBC Micronet 
venture for charity 


ON NOVEMBER 27th, the BBC's 
Children In Need appeal will be 
broadcast and, with the aid of 
information technology, you can be 
part of it. 

Micronet, the magazine similar 
to Oracle, will once again be pro- 
viding an on line service. With 
eight computer terminals at the 
BBC TV Centre, it will enable you 
to pledge money, talk to celebrities 
and bid in the auction of computer 
products, Last year, contributions 
to the auction included $4500 of 
Acorn RISC hardware, computers 
from Atari and Commodore and 
various modem, peripheral and 
software donations. 


Executive Producer of Children 
In Need, Mark Patterson said: 
“The BBC is always interested їп 
using new technology, and we are 
delighted with the success of the 
on-line Children In Need appeal 
organised by Micronet.” 

Normally only available to its 
20,000 subscribers, Micronet will 
be opening up its systems to Pres- 
tel users so that more people сап 
access the appeal. In addition, it 
has linked up with ITEC, which 
has 150 information technology 
centres throughout Britain. 

Such a move will allow anyone. 
to take part in the programme if 
they go to their nearest ITEC 





Terry Wogan will present the Children in 
Need Appeal 


centre and log into Micronet. Vie 
Taylor, a Director of the ІТЕС5 
commented: "The ITECs are all 
about introdi new technology 
to, the public at large, and on-line 
Children In Need is an ideal way to 
do that.” 











19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 


POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY/S 





- NEWS DESK 


THE SPIDER and The Fly is not an 
exciting new computer game but 
two alarms designed to protect 
home and office equipment. 
Released by ABA Systems, both 














alarms are compact and unobtru- 
sive and react to fingertip touch or 
the slightest movement by emit- 
ting a high-pitched 98 decibel 
scream. 

The Spider is a central alarm 
box with four sensorised tentacles 
which are attached to equipment 
by double-sided adhesive pads. It is 


To catch a thief 


suited for clusters of equipment or 
those consisting of more than one 
element, such as disc drives and 
printers. An advantage of this 
alarm is that normal working use 
will not activate it. The Spider will 
retail at $39.95, excluding VAT. 
The Fly is similar in size to The 
Spider but since it does not have 
any tentacles, it is aimed more at 
single items. Once set, the alarm 
will be activated by the slightest 
movement. The Fly is priced at 
$20.95, 














ADVENTURE '87, the Second Na- 
tional Computer Adventurers’ Con: 
vention will take place next Satur 
day at the Sutton Civic Centre, 
Sutton, Surrey. 

The event is aimed at all levels 
of adventurers, from the single 
user to those interested in multi- 


Apology 


We owe an apology to Elite, In our. 
last edition it was suggested they 
were pulling out of computer 
software. 

Clearly our sources of informa- 
tion were inaccurate. We have it 
directly from Elite themselves that 
in the financial year to July 1987 
their turnover was up 65 per cent 
and their profits double the previ- 
‘ous year to July 1986 (see separate 
story in News Desk). 











The Spider, anti-theft alarm product from ABA Systems 


Adventure '87 


user games (MUG). The latter is a 
relatively new concept, originating 
from Essex University. The game 
enables а number of people to 
participate in the same adventure, 
if they have a computer, modem 
and telephone line. The most re- 
cent MUG is ‘Shades’ on Prestel's 
Micronet. 

The convention will be the 
launching pad for a new MUG 
Federation IL There will also be 
seminars on the technical side of 
programming and software demon- 
strations of single-user adven- 
tures, some of which are in the 
play-test stage. 

The Convention will start at 10 
am and continue all day. Tickets 
are $2.50 on the door or $200 in 
advance from Mr. D. Wilkins, 21 
Village Row, Mulgrave Road, Sut- 
ton SM2 6JZ Sae and cheque 
payable to Sutton Library Comput- 
er Club are required with orders. 





Data Protection Act 
in force continued 


denied this, he has since been 
unable to get work in any other 
major company and believes that 
inaccurate information is held on 
file about him. 

The procedure for accessing 
your file involves writing to the 
Organisation concerned, stating 
that you wish to exercise your 
subject access right under the 
Data Protection Act” 

According to Erie Howe, the 
Data Protection Registrar, any re- 
quest must be met within forty 
days. However, a subject may have 
to prove his or her identity, pro- 
vide more information to help 
locate the data and pay a 510 fee. 

After forty days he or she can 
either apply to the Registrar or to 
the courts for access. Howe added 
that there was limited access in 
certain cases, for example ‘where 
it would be likely to prejudice the 
prevention or detection of crime’. 

Whilst the Act is aimed at 
helping the public see their files, 
the NCCL believes the £10 fee will 
put many off. 

Spencer, 








was also unhappy 


about other weaknesses of the Act, 
particularly its exclusion of man- 
ual files and the exemption clause. 
"Since most schools still keep pa- 
per files on pupils, it would mean 
that many people would still suffer 
аз a result of inaccurate informa- 
tion at this stage. In addition the 
tax file is exempt, so that people 
will not have the right to see poll 
tax information, which is collected 
from all sorts of sources. 

So that the public becomes 
aware of their rights concerning 
computerised data, an advertising 
compaign has been launched and 
leaflets are available at the local 
library or Citizen's Advice Bureau. 
Spencer hopes that people “Ішу 
make use of the Act but indicate 
that jt was below the NCCL/s 
expectations, stating, "We will 
monitor it carefully and if it proves 
unsatisfactory, press for it to be 
extended. 

Any further details on the Act is 
available from: The Office of the 
Data Protection Registrar, Water 
Lane, Wilmslow, Cheshire SK9 
BAX; tel: (062 























Epson scanner 








EPSON is about to release an 
Image Scanner, giving desktop 
publishers the bonus of digitised 
bitmapped graphic versions of 
im, 

The Scanner will be an option оп 
four of Epson's printers 
EX800/EX1000 (RRP 5180 ex- 

АТ) and LQ2500/LQ2500 + ($195 
ex-VAT). On the EX printers, the 
scanning speeds are 25 inches per 
second and on the LQs they аге 27 
inches per second. Maximum read. 
















able areas are 11” x 8" (horizontal: 
vertical) on the ЕХІ000 and LQs 
and 6” x 8” on the ЕХЗОО. 

It comes complete with scanning 
software and is suitable for all IBM 
PC-compatible machines. Thus us 
ers can integrate scanned graphics. 
with text from any word process- 
Ing or similar application, without 
paying a fortune for new software. 

For further information, contact 
Epson (UK) Ltd, 388 High Road, 
Wembley, Middlesex HA9 6UH. 





Scanning on Epson's printer 





me 





G/POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY 


19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 

















А MERRY CHRISTMAS AT THE 


© SIZZLING SINCLAIR BARGAINS ON THE 12th DECEMBER 87 


ng and join in the fun at the Christmas Microfair. It's 
he biggest 


















gest market place іп the world for the whole 
trum machines, plus full QL support and bargain | HowTo 
«оте 

| ow British Rail: 

4 Victoria Station, 


on sale — all the new releases and lots of Bis Bale TIR. 
and ds Arrow 507 

software 

t — printers, tables, monitors, dise 


nd lots of new products 




















5 tes, discs, label. ғ SENDNOW DUCED 1 

1 PRICE ADVANCE TICKETS I 

| Send to Mike Johnston (Organiser), Dept, S.U.. ZX l 

з competitions and prizes MICROFAIRS, 71 Park Lane, London N17 0HG I 
sed bar Please send me. „advance tickets (Adults @ £1.50) | 
so Set lese ail (he reat | Please send me.........advance tickets (Child under 14 @ £1 “| 


be yone enjoys the and you can always find | Name 25th 
sin | Address 
Why not send today for cut-priced advanced tickets. І 


și addressed envelope and make o 











= г ктт 
а on 01 801 9172 f | payabieto Mic 





Exhibitors ring Mike or 
stand availablity 








19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY/7 








NEWS DESK 


DIARY 
DATES 


NOVEMBER 











ovember 21 

Wales and West Computer 
Show 

Central Hotel, Cardiff. 

Details: Regional computer show 
of particular interest to Dragon 
users 

‘Tickets $1 adults, 50р children 
Organiser: R & A J Preston, 
(0656) 880965 





November 28 

Adventure 87 

Europa Gallery of Sutton Civic 
Centre, Sutton, Surrey. 930-450 
Details: National Computer 
Adventurer's Convention, 
Seminars and Workshops 

Adults $2.50, 82.00 in advance 
from Mr D Wilkins, 21 Village 
Row, Mulgrave Road, Sutton 

SM2 612. 

Organiser: Vernon Quaintance, 50 
Beattice Avenue, Norbury, London 
SW16 40N, evenings 01-764 6556 











а 


DECEMBER 


December 5. 

6809 Colour Show 

Grand Hall, Connaught Rooms, Gt 
Queen Street, London 


Details: Show for Dragon and 
‘Tandy owners 

Tickets 52 adults, $1 children 
Organiser: John Penn, 
(04203) 5970 





December 12 
Christmas ZX Microfair 
New Horticultural Hall, London 





st innovations for 
Sinclair users 

Advanced tickets: $1.50 adults, 51 
children 

Tickets on the door: 
51.50 children. 
Organiser: Mike Johnson, 
01-801 9172 








2 adults, 


жыл ы = г 


JANUARY 


BAKERY KITCHEN 


SOFTWARE 
HOTLINES 





January 2 
‘The Amstrad Computer 
Show 

‘The Great Hall, Alexandra Park, 
London 

Details: Displays and 
demonstrations of all the latest 
hardware, software and 
peripherals for Acorn computers 
Adults 83, Under 16's $2 - $1 off 
for advance tickets 

Organiser: Database Exhibitions, 
061-456 8383 








Prices, dates and venues of 
shows can vary, and you are 
therefore strongly advised to 
check with the show organiser. 
before attending. We cannot 
accept responsibility for any 
alterations to show 
arrangements. 














Well with Duncan Evans, our usual 
Hotlines writer taking а well 
earned two week holiday in Ber 
muda, the job of writing this 
column has, again, landed on my 
desk. 

‘The first game I managed to get 
my grubby little hands on this 
жеек had something really special 
going for it; it's free! Programmed 
by Wordmongers, it is given to all 
purchasers of 82K blank eproms 
for the 788. Using scrolling remi 
miscent of the ZX81, the game 
called Scrazble, is amusing, al 
though what it loses in gameplay 
it makes up for in price! 

On the more serious side, 
screenshot of the week award oes 
to Magnetic Scrolls for Jinzter 
(above). I'm sure they're bored 
with people complimenting their 
same because of the quality of the 














CHARTS 
Top Twenty 








1 (8) Grand Prix Simulator 
2 (1) doe Blade 

3 (2) Soccer Boss 

4 (12) Game Set Match 

5 (6) Renegade 

6 (6) Pro Ski Simulator 

7 (NE) California Games 

8 (11) World Class Leaderboard 
9 (4) Indiana Jones 

10 (8) BMX Simulator 

H (8) Мау 

12 (16) Fruit Machine Simulator. 
18 (T) Back To The Future 

14 (10) Paperboy 

15 (18) Comp. Hits 10 Vol 4 
16 (13) Live Ammo 

17 (18) ATV Simulator 

18 (20) Six Pak 2 
ионына 

20 (25) Bubble Bobble 





All figures compiled by Gallup/Comy 


Code Masters. 
Players 
Alternative 
Ocean 
Imagine. 

Code Masters 
US Gold 





Code Masters 
Code Masters 
Code Masters. 
Firebird 
Elite. 

Beau Jolly 
‘Ocean 

Code Masters 
Hit Pak 
Palace 
Firebird 


pater Trade Weekly 


graphics. but let's face it, that is а 
pretty important part of any gra: 
phic adventure. 

Available on almost every 
machine you have heard of, the 
game should be available in the 
mot to distant future. 

Konami, the company with the 
rights to some of the best arcade 
games ever, are putting the finish- 














ing touches to Salamander for the 
Spectrum (below). Based on the 
fabby (© J. Cook 1985) a 
game, Salamander promises to be 
опе of the best shoot-'em ups ever 
of the Speecy 

As Salamander should be ready 
before Christmas, what I want to 
know is when th 


are going 
Siart work on WEC Le Mans!) 
As а cricket fan 1, like man 























others, got up at some ungodly 
hour to watch England give the 
World Cup to the Aussies, Whilst. 
dro my sorrows later, | had a 








great idea for a game, We've had 
ter Shilton's Handball Mara. 
donna, what about Mike Gatting's 
reverse sweep giveaway??? 

You're probably sick of hearing 
about it, but а screenshot for Jack 
the Ripper just arrived on my 
desk. 1 must be honest here, I feel 
the game has gone a little too far, 
and that screens of women with 
their intestines hanging out ought 
m wed, whether or not | | 
they have an 18 certifi 

Little has heard from | Í 
either Rainbird or Hewson about 
Braybrook /Turner dispute, so 
s hope that it has been settle 
amicably, it would be a pity not ti 
get any new games from these two 
because of the dispute, 

Well, that's it for this week, МІ 
speed to you again next week, and | | 
Duncan will be returning the week 
after that (once he has his handi- 
сар down to six!) 

Daniel McGrath 
































S/POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY 


19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 




















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Ram Electronics (Fleet) Ltd 


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56 мау Ribbon Cable. 356K Ram ‘A008 £75.00 
ОКТ Programmable I/F 256K Silicon Disk System A009 £98.95 
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19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY/9 








rNEWS ANALYSIS 


Protection Registrar truly became 

the Data Protection Registrar, with 
Powers to prosecute offenders in the 
criminal courts, and initiate searches of 
premises if suspicions arise. But just how 
effective is the Act going to be; will it be a 
‘white elephant Act’ being impossible to 
enforce? 

‘The Data Protection saga began in July 
1984, with the very purpose of eventually 
governing the conduct and manner of 
computer bureaus, individuals or establish- 
ments utilising computers to store personal 
information, In other words, the Ас 
attempt to keep tabs on data users, As 
expected, a logical starting point was to 
catalogue all data users by requesting 
them to apply for registration. In the brief 
registration period - November 1985 to 
May 1 1986 - little more than half of 
Britain's data users registered. Though 
this may sound totally discouraging or 
perhaps disgraceful, we are assured by the 
Data Protection office that this is in 
keeping with similar ventures implement- 
ed by our European counterparts. Accord- 
ing to the Act, data users failing to register 
are technically offenders, who may subse- 
quently be fined up to $2,000 in the lower 
courts with unlimited fines in the higher 
courts. 


Principles 

In theory, the Act is quintessentially 
concerned with protecting the rights of 
individuals like you and me, by attempting 
to ensure all collected data is accurate, 
solely relevant, legitimately acquired, di- 
vulged for a particular purpose and per- 
haps most important the Act seeks to 
impart personal information with subjects 
concerned - a right we are presently 
deprived. Erie Howe has drafted eight 
easily understood principles that set the 
Act’s purpose in motion. 


()` November 11, Eric Howe the Data 















@ The information to be contained in 
personal data shall be obtained, and per- 
sonal data shall be processed, fairly and 
lawfully, 


@ Personal data shall be held only for 
specified and lawful purposes. 


@ Personal data held for any purpose or 
purposes shall not be used or disclosed in 
any manner incompatible with that pur- 
pose or those purposes, 


© Personal data held for any purpose or 
purposes shall be adequate, relevant and 
not excessive in relation to that purpose or 
those purposes. 


© Personal data shall be accurate and, 
where necessary, kept up-to-date. 


@ Personal data held for any purpose or 
purposes shall not be kept for longer than 
is necessary for that purpose or those 
purposes. 


@ An individual shall be entitled: 
O at reasonable intervals and without 
undue delay or expense: 
© to be informed by any Data User 
whether he holds data of which the 
individual is a subject; and 
O to access to any such data held by a 
Data User, and, 
О where appropriate, to have such 
data corrected or erased. 


@ Appropriate security measures shall be 
taken against unauthorised access to, or 
alteration, disclosure or destruction of, 
personal data and accidental loss or de- 
struction of personal data. 


Arguably, though most of the principles 
can be comfortably put into practice, the 
seventh principle seems {о be the one 





The Data Protection Act- 
Will it protect? 


Francis Botto outlines the new Data Protection 
Act and analyses the effect, if any, it will have 
on accessing and protecting personal 
information. 


which threatens the Act's over-all effect 
iveness, For example, if a subject feels 
data user possesses inaccurate personal 
data or is illegally vending information, 
unless the subject knows of the data user, 
the subject is helpless, as is the case now. 

Also after November 11, data concerning 
any tax or duty will remain inaccessible as 
will information likely to hinder the рге- 
vention or detection of criminal activities, 

Of course I'm not suggesting the Act will 
be useless, but merely highlighting the 
problem of pinpointing the not so scrupu- 
lous data users. For, many individuals now 
falling victim to such data users will no 
doubt continue to do so. 


Who should register? 

In many respects the А ensibly aimed, 
80 not everyone who uses their home 
computer to store personal information 
need register. Here are some examples: 

If you store information about member: 
of your family for other than professional 
purposes. 

Personal information relating to 
members of your computer club or whatev- 
er can gain you exemption providing the 
eight Principles are observed and each and 
every member of your club approves of his 
or her personal data being stored. 

Certain payroll and accounting opera- 
tions are also exempt. 

If you are not sure whether or not you 
should register, it is perhaps advisable to 
contact the Registrar's office for further 
information, which will be issued to you 
free of charge. And if ambiguity should 
occur, and we are informed that it will, 
then it is perhaps safer to pay the $22 
registration fee rather than risking a 
heavy fine that could cripple your com- 
pany, organisation, club or whatever. 

Professional data users of any kind are 
most likely obliged to register even if they 
are data users in a third party sense, 












10/POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY 


19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 














where perhaps their accountant handles 
personal data - you don't even have to own 
а computer to be a data user. Once again, if 
in doubt contact the Registrar's office. 


The register 


As would be expected the register is open 
to scrutiny by the public, with copies of the 
register and index already available in 
of Britain's main libraries. The 
besides containing data users and 
registration numbers, also conveys the 
type of data stored and the use to which it 
is put, and to whom the information is 
divulged. Additionally, the register is a 
catalogue of addresses that can be contact- 
ей to request copies of your personal data. 











many 

















for viewing the Data Pr 


However, here is the ‘sting in the Act's 
tail, data users are to be eventually 
permitted to charge for this service - the 
price of which will be decided by the Home 
Office, 

You could be forgiven for thinking that 
the seventh principle infers there will be 
no charge - in fact it merely implies this 
notion. But just how contradictory princi- 
ple 7 is will largely depend on the forth- 
coming cost of the service. 


The outcome 

The outcome of the Act in terms of ability 
to tame the likes of ruthless data users will 
largely depend on the effectiveness of 
complementary detective work in sifting 








NEWS ANALYSIS- 





n Registry 


out offenders. And as for this new open- 
ness the Act seeks to achieve, that will 
largely depend upon the cost of obtaining 
such information - which will make or 
break the Act. 

In short we shall just have to wait and 
see, but I for one am sceptical. 


For further information contact: 


Office of the Data Protection Registrar 
Springfield House 

Water Lane 

Wilmslow 

Cheshire SK9 БАХ 

Tel: 0625 535777 














19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 


POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY/11 














‘LETTERS 


Now the good news 


note with dismay the absence of 
any reference whatever to the 
puzzle in your issue dated 10-13 
November. Obviously, you have not 
been able to agree a fee with 
Gordon Lee and you have not been 
able to kid any of your readers to 
do it cheaper, If the puzzle is 
phased out, I shall certainly not 
bother to renew my subscription. 
Phil Amey 
Esher, Surrey 


Puzzle saga continues 


agree with several points in Mr 

Godman's letter ("Sinister 
ring"). too fail to see how you сап 
devise a consistently new format 
{ог a written puzzle. Perhaps once 
or twice you eould, for example, 
write it in “Playfair” cypher, or 
pehaps as an ordinary crossword; 
but what then? 

To my mind, a written puzzle 
needs to be no more than just that. 
- à written puzzle. 

Being set in print, all that seems 
to be necessary is that the problem 
should be clearly and fairly set out 
(though the problem itself need 
not be obvious): it should have a 
unique solution unless otherwise 
stated? and it should be most 
conveniently solvable by the in- 
vention and use of a program 
which сап be run on the average 
micro (since it is after all written 
for a “popular” computer maga- 
zine), What else is needed which is 
not merely a fancy waste of col- 
umn inches? 

But do your allegedly discon- 
tented readers really want a true 
puzzle at all? It is probably un- 
charitable to suspect that the 
"overwhelming demand" comes 
from those who find the puzzle in 
their existing format too difficult 
and/or too much trouble; and that. 
what they are really after is an 
easier crack at the S10, 

Perhaps the “overwhelming de- 
mand” is in effect for some sort of 
quiz rather than a true puzzle, 
with questions like "Who runs 
Amstrad computers? Tramiel, Sin- 
clair, Sugar or Dr Runcie?" 

1 suggest that there are too 
many of these already, and that 
they are in any case screamingly 
dull, You might just as well run a 
straight lottery, Perhaps this is 
what you will end up with - perish 
the thought! 

Or perhaps an "overwhelming" 
number of solvers find the puzzles 
too easy, and are ti 
Tor their names to " 
hat"? 

Somehow 1 doubt it. Only you 
know the true reasons for the 
"demand", and you haven't speci- 











fied them. 

Please may we have our puzzles. 
back as they were? They were 
usually of just the right standard, 
and I thought the setter(s?) did an 
admirable job. Like Mr Godman, 1 
buy PCW mainly for the puzzle, in 
very narrow preference to other 
magazines which don't have one. 

Incidentally, when can we ex- 
pect the solutions and winners of 
puzzles 271 to 2752 

M W Peters 
Blandford, Dorset 


We've been pleasantly surprised 
by the volume of support for Mr 
Lee and his puzzles - but puzzled 
by the fact that it's taken the 
temporary disappearance of the 
puzzles to provoke it, 

The good news is that the 
puzzle will be returning as before 
very soon — either next week or 
the week after. 

As for your suspicious mind, 
Phil Amey, shame on you! You 
clearly underestimate the ге 
spect we have for our readership 
if you think we would not keep 
you all fully informed about an 
issue which is obviously of such 
interest. 

In addition, your idle and mis- 
taken speculation upon the pri- 
vate dealings between us and our 
puzzle compiler is, shall we say, 
less than constructive? What 
about informed contributions 
like this next one - Ed. 


Join hands 


І would like to request, through 
your magazine, those dynamic 
and expanding hardware/ 
software dealers that the Zambian 
computer scene is expanding 
quickly though still at infancy. 
Those willing to hear more or those 
willing to join hands with new 
distributors are welcome to соп- 
tact me at the address: 
Crispin Lavu 
Infordeal Consultant 
с/о PO Box 30029 
Lusaka, Zambia, Central Africa. 





Surely some mistake? 


am doing a project on “Alterna- 

tive Medicines" for my General 
Studies AO. 1 obtained your ad- 
dress from research into the book 
"Healing Without Harm”, so 1 de- 
cided to write and see if you would 
be so good enough to help me in 
anyway with my research. 

As I have said I am doing my 
General Studies AO, which means 1 
am in the first year of the sixth 
form (ie starting “A” levels). 








1 am enjoying doing this project. 
very much, and I have learnt a 
great deal from doing it, as in the 
beginning 1 hardly knew what it 
was all about. I would be very 
grateful if you could in any жау 
help me and look forward to hear- 

ing from you. 
Sandie Delmar-Morgan (Miss) 
Horsham, W Sussex 


Will you be wanting any precautions 
10 use with hal, Si? 


Great debate 


'urther to the great debate on the 

Atari ST v Amiga, I would like 
to add my views, 

Bla, bla, bla, bla, bla, bla, bla, 
bla, bla, bla, bla, bla, bla, bla, bla, 
bla, bla, bla. 

Bla, bla, bla, bla, bla, bi 
bla, bla, bla, bla, bla, bla, 
bla, bla, bla, bla, bla, bla, bla, bla, 
bla, bla. 

Bla, bla, bla, bla, bla, bla, bla, 
bla, bla, bla, bla, bla, bla, bla, bla 
(letter edited for length). 

Mark Stevens 
Cowley, Oxford 


Protect the 
dishonest 


m writing regarding the two 

letters printed in Vol 8 No 44 
regarding poor service received 
from mail order companies. 

Thave to ask what was the point 
in printing them at all. Surely the 
idea behind the writing of such 
letters is for the author to air his 
grievances about a particular com- 
pany and to warn other readers 
from falling into the same trap 
Therefore by not naming the com- 
panies concerned you have ren- 
dered the letters pointless. 

In effect by not naming the two 
companies concerned you have 
protected the dishonest at the cost. 
of those who try to give a good 
service. The net result of all this is 
that at a time of the year crucial 
for mail order companies’ survival, 
you have in effect persuaded a 




















large number of potential eustom- 
ers not to buy goods via mail order, 
The end result is potentially 
disastrous for all concerned. If this 
type of letter continues then we 
and no doubt several others of 
your advertisers тау well question 
the wisdom of continuing to spend 
money on advertising in your mag- 
azine whilst we are unnecessarily 
condemned and - if enough decide 
- the magazine could 
through lack of revenue. 
Anonymous 
Mail-Centa 
Belper, Derby 











How wrong you are. By not 
naming the companies concerned 
-by agreement with them, by the 
way - we were avoiding the 
danger of legal action by them, 
We tried to contact both com- 
panies and printed the letters to 
show the readers in question that 
it is worth contacting us if prob- У 
lems are encountered with one of 
our advertisers. 

Surely you would agree that 
your primary responsibility is to 
your customers. It is after all 
their money you spend when you 
advertise. 

Here at Popular Computing 
Weekly we are constantly 
amazed by the shoddy service 
customers receive from computer 
companies, large and small. 

We have a responsibility to 
our advertisers certainly - but 
we all, press and advertisers 
alike — have а greater responsi- 
bility to our readers and your 
customers. 

It is for that reason that we 
take up their queries. We accept 
that companies like yours pro- | 
vide а good service, but until the £ 
industry as a whole shapes up, 
surely you and we must declare 
‘open season on companies which 
fail in that responsibility. 

We are in a dilemma, If we 
name companies which are fail- 
ing their customers badly, we 
risk being sued, If we do nothing, 
же are seen to be in league with 
disreputable firms. If we investi- 
gate, print a letter but do not 
name the firm in question, other 
companies cry foul. Surely repu- 
table companies - unnamed or 
otherwise - have nothing to fear. 











12/POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY 


19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 











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19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 


POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY/13 


ІШІНАТ MORE COULD YOU ASK 
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[fter a long wait, the game that 

launched a thousand Amigas 
has arrived for the ST, Defender 
Of the Crown, 

The time is November 1149 
and dirty deeds have been perpe- 
trated. The King has copped a 
one-way ticket to the great tour- 
nament in the sky and the king- 
dom's in a bit of a mess. Saxons 
and Normans are blaming each 
other and warfare is about to 
erupt across the green fields of 
England. 

You play a decent law abiding, 
pure of heart Saxon lord, with his 
own castle in the country, and 
are determined to wipe the scum- 
my Norman filth clean off the 
map and claim the crown for 
yourselt. 

There are three main options 
available to the man (or woman) 
who would be king, seek con- 
quest, hold a tournament, or go 
raiding. 

Initially, all territories except 
those containing castles are un- 
claimed and contain vassals who 
аге only too willing to join your 
force. As buying an army, be 
they soldiers, knights, catapults 
or small castles, takes up an 
entire game turn, the best bet to 
start with is to blitzkrieg the 
countryside and avoid opposing 





М rmies. This way you can gobble 
up territories, which put varying 
amounts of gold into the castle 
coffers, and mop up lots of float- 
ing vassels. When you go home 


there’s а huge pile of swag to 
spend on building a really big 
army. 

You'll need a large pack of 
Saxon troops to take on the 
enemy castles, as even the small- 
est force can be difficult to 
extract from behind those stony 
walls, To attack a castle you 
should need a catapult, to make а 
hole in the wall, although you 
don’t have to demolish it comple- 
tely. However, there is а bug in 
the early versions which results 
їп the defenders supplying you 
with a catapult if you haven’t 
bought one! 

In addition to reducing the 
wall to rubble (an undamaged 
one doubles the defensive 
strength) you can throw Greek 
fire into the courtyard to make 
things even hotter for the resi- 
dents, or even lob a dead horse 
over to spread disease. 

One of the arcade elements is 
that you are responsible for fir- 
ing the catapult, and it’s by no 
means as easy as the Amiga 
original, which was too easy. 

Should you win the day and 
take someone's home castle, then 
they are eliminated from the 
game and you take control of all 
their lands. A couple of interest- 
ing points are that you can be 
given safe passage through Sax- 
оп lands, and that you only have 
to capture all three Norman cas- 
tles to win the game. 

The other main option is hold. 








ing a tournament whereby you 
can joust for leadership points or 
land. 

Jousting represents the next 
of the arcade sequences, in that 
you see your opponent thunder. 
ing towards you, and you have to 
point your lance, which bounces 
up and down wildly, at the very 
centre of his shield and click the 
the mouse button when you hear 
a metallic clanging sound. 

Your third option is to go 
raiding, which involves two 
swordfights, one in the enemy 
castle's courtyard, and one in the 
keep. 

Although none of the char- 
acters would give Errol Flynn a 
moment's worry, the swordfight- 
ing is certainly good fun. 

If you win both fights then you 
get to plunder the castle's trea- 
sure room. 

The adult entertainment as- 
ресї comes into play when a 
Saxon lady is kidnapped by the 
Normans. To avoid being called а 
big girl, and other Saxon insults, 
by your men you must stage a 
rescue. This involves repeating 
the raiding scene but this time 
the reward is much more satisfy- 
ing than a few gold pieces. The 
Saxon doxie shows her gratitude 
by inviting you into her bed. 
chamber. In a couple of humor- 
ous, but pretty tacky, scenes the 





GAME OF THE WEEK- 


Fight to the top 


obliging wench becomes pledged 
to you. 

This has two side effects, One 
is that her рісеу appears on the 
map alongside yours and that 
your men fight better in battle. 
The second is that whichever 
Saxon lord was her protector, 
bows out of the game and hands 
over his lands to you. Well worth 
the effort really. Let's talk about. 
the graphics, which after all were 
the selling point for the original. 
A couple of superfluous scenes 
have been cut, but the main ones 
are still there. I could expend 
lots of words like fabby, excel 
lent, brilliant, until it became 
nauseating. And it would all be 
true. But the most glowing com- 
ment must surely be that on the 
ST, the graphics are virtually the 
same as on the Amiga original. 

Defender of the Crown on the 
ST is а lot more difficult and 
more challenging than before, 
and, unless you want to watch 
endless repeats on the ТҮ, essen- 
tial entertainment this 
Christmas. 

Duncan Evans 





Program Defender of the 
Crown Місто Atari ST Price 
$2495 Supplier Mirrorsoft, 
Athene House, 66-78 Shoe 
Lane, London EC2. 




















19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 


POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY/15 











All you have to do is obti 


the Mirror Card d 


from the Daily Mirror Club: cut out the Ç 
from Daily Mirror — one coupon each day 
7 days, week commencing 30th Novembe 
Take the club card and the coupon in to 
selected branches of Woolworths and yo 
be entitled to £1 off the selected game. 


Each day has а £| voucher off a different £ 






TITLE Rampage a 
MACHINE Commodore: 
PRICE £939 





Items subject to availability at selected branches only. 





| Тє Zigzag 
MACHINE Cor 
PRICE £9.95 


| 
- 








"GAMES 





Your complete 
guide to all the 
software released 
this week 














Amstrad CPC 





Program Spore Type Arcade 
Price $1.9) Supplier Mastertronic, 
8-10 Paul Street, London EC2. 


Program Combat Mission Type 
Arcade Price $1.99 Supplier Mas 
tertronie, 8-10 Paul Street, London. 
ЕС?. 


Program Agent X2 Type Arcade 
Price $1.99 Supplier Mastertronic, 
8-10 Paul Street, London EC2. 


Program Grid Iron "Type Simula- 
tion Price $1.99 Supplier MIL, 
Chiltern Enterprise Centre, Station 
Road, Theale, Berks RGT 4AA. 





Program The Elite Collection con 
tains Bomb Jack, Commando, 
Frank Bruno's Boxing, Airwolf, 
Battleships, PaperBoy, Ghosts 'N' 
Goblins, Bomb Jack II Price 
$14.05 (cassette) 819.05 (disc) 
Supplier Elite Systems Ltd, Eas- 
tern Avenue, Lichfield, Staffs 
WSI3 6RX. 

















№ mo, it's back to the dun- 

geons. Why can't people set 
computer games in interesting 
places. Like a Ferrari dealer 
showroom or a Bangkok cat- 
house. Instead we have to put up 
with scenarios that sound like 
the deranged ramblings of а ter- 
minal Genesis fan in the last 
stages of Tolkeins’ disease. 

With Spellbinder жете in а 
place called the Castle of Lor 
raine, which sounds like a plug 
for someone's girlfriend. 

The basic plot is like all the 
other basic plots you've ever 
heard and contains people with 
silly names, such as ‘Magelord’ 
and ‘Eldon the Spelibinder’. Es 
sentially you have to explore the 
castle to find and collect the 
ingredients for a powerful spell. 

There are all the usual castle 
type things, like one-way doors, 
secret passages and, um, tele- 
ports. While you're wandering 
around, picking things up, exam: 
ining other things and generally 
having a cool time you tend to 
bump into nasty creatures, like 
Deathmonks, Zombies and Forest 
Hags. A couple of those can spoil 
your whole day, though you can 
cast spells to heal yourself. 























ising another attack of rheu 
matism, I started my exploration 
of the castle, This is a graphic 
adventure in the Knightlore tra- 
dition, and at first sight the 
graphics are quite pretty. 
They're monochrome, but come 
in a range of colours and are 
detailed, and your character 
moves smoothly around the 
screen. 

After a while, however, all the 
locations start to look the same. 
If you haven't already got well 
into the game by then you'll 
probably just give up, as I did. I 
think I'd rather have a real 


adventure game and do without. 
graphics, or have a good fast 
arcade game. Some people will 
doubtless love Spellbinder, but 
frankly I am on the side of the 
Deathmonks. 

Steve Mansfiel, ° 


Program 
BI 


Spellbinder Micro 
B Price $9.95 (cassette), 
5 (525in disc) $14.05 
) Supplier Superior 
Lid, Regent House, 
Skinner Lane, Leeds 157 ТАХ. 




















һе latest release from Mel- 

bourne House puts you in the 
starring role as cartoon super- 
sleuth Inspector Gadget, chief 
investigator of the Service. In- 
spector Gadget has been sent by 
his boss Chief Quigley to investi- 
gate a series of mysterious going 
ons that have been occurring at 
the International Circus. 

Together with his ever faithful 
companions, Penny and Brains, 
his pet dog, Gadget enters the 
circus. The three of them then 
started their investigations by 
entering the Big Top, unfortuna- 
tely, for Gadget, a loose EXIT 





sign swung down and knocked 
him flat ош. 

Having recovered from the ac- 
cident, Gadget awoke and rea- 
lised that Penny and Brains have 
gone missing. What Gadget first 
thought of as being an accident 
was no more than a devious plot 
by the wicked MAD organisation 
to undermine Gadgets 
investigations. 

Now they have got Penny, 
Gadget must find her and ensure 
that MAD don't start a world 
war. Unfortunately for Gadget, 
as he was lying unconscious all 
his special gadgets were stolen. 





Gadget is unable to get into 
action until he can find all his 
essentials. And this is where the 
‘fun’ of the game starts as Gad- 
get visits all the areas of the 
circus after his gadgets. Without 
the gadgets, Gadget is unable to 
arrest the MAD spies. Time is of 
the essence, the future for Penny 
rests with Gadget, indeed the 
future of the world rests М, 
him. 

What a brilliant plot for a 
game, what wonderful atmo- 
spheric music is played as you 
explore the circus, it's а real 
shame that the actual gameplay 
and graphics are a slight let 
down. As a budget game Inspec- 
tor Gadget would be brilliant at 
$1.99, but at $8.95 it's not too 
impressive. The movement on the 
characters are not very smooth 
and Gadget himself moves in 
“bloek' directions. 

Although not one of their best 
releases, Inspector Gadget will 
appeal to all Gadget fans, and 
the music is so good, it should be 
able to sell the game on its own. 

Leslie Bunder 











Program Inspector Gadget Mi- 
cro Commodore 64/128 Price 
$8.95 (cassette), 814.95 (disc) 
Supplier Melbourne House, 
3-10 Port Street, London EC2. 














18/POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY 


19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 











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THE BEST FOOTBALL 
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POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY/19 








MIMIC IN FREE LIBRARY CASES 


DS 86 TPI 10s £7.60 
FUPSIDED 10s £115 
DS 48 TPI 10s £6.80 
UNIVERSAL 10s £7.95 


55 105 іп Library Case £13.55 
05 105 іп Library Case £15.95 


5.25” BULK UNBRANDED DISKS (LIFETIME GUARANTEE) 


FULLY CERTIFIED 55 48 ТРІ 5596ТРІ 0548ТРІ DS 96 TPI 
Try 10 and see £4.75 £5.55 #555 £6.35 
25 £960 — £1040 £1040 £11.20 
50 £1840 41920  £1920 #2080 
100 £33.60 £35.20 £35.20 £36.80 
250 £76.00 £77.60 £77.60 £80.00 
500 £144.00 £148.00 £148.00 £152.00 


3.5” BULK UNBRANDED DISKS 135 TRILIFETIME GUARANTEE 


ss 05 
10 £11.95 £13.55 
25 £28.00 £32.00 
50 £52.00 £64.00 
100 £96.00 £120.00 
250 £220.00 £280.00 
500 £400.00 £520.00 


AMIGA HARDWARE 


А500 Amiga £475.00 
Cumana compatible 1 meg disk drive £140.00 
Modulator £24.95 


ALL 5.25” DISKS HAVE REINFORCED HUB RINGS, SLEEVES, 
LABELS AND WRITE PROTECTS. 
ALL DISKS CARRY A LIFETIME GUARANTEE. 
ALL DISK PRICES INCLUDE VAT AND P/P. 
TO ORDER PLEASE CALL DIRECT DISK LINE: 10AM 6PM 





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All disks now sent 1st class or courier 


RED, GREEN, BLUE, YELLOW, WHITE 


10 in single colour OR 2 of each please state in large quantities your choice. (If stocks are available) * in library cases 


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AMSOFT СЕ? 3” 10s £20.00 
MAXELL CF2 3” 10s £20.00 
3” MIMIC CF200 10s £26.40 


ACCESSORIES INC VAT 


IBM/Amstrad PC1512 Printer Cable GPR10125 x cent. £715 
Disk Notcher /doublers. £3.60 
Disk cleaners 3.5” £3.95 
525” cleaner £380 
Mini Vac for printers and keyboards £5.55 


5,25” BULK COLOUR UNBRANDED 


FULLY CERTIFIED 5548ТРІ 55 96 ТРІ 0$487Р! 05 96 TPI 
10" £115 £195 — £795 £8.75 
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250 £140.00 15200 £152.00 16000 
500 £272.00 £20800 £20800 430000 


MIMIC HIGH DENSITY COBALT COATED 1.6 MEG SUITABLE 
FOR A.T.S. 


10 50 100 
£14.40 £64.00 £120.00 
Verbatim preformatted for use with Kodak 6.6 meg drive or equivalent (5 
Pack) £90.00 
525" 50 capacity £6.95. 100 capacity £9.35 
35” 40 capacity £6.80 80 capacity £9.55 
3/35" 80/90 capacity £9.55 


10 x 3.5” or 5.25” (library case) £1.20 


SOFTWARE 


We sell the full range of SAGE POPULAR SOFTWARE 


ABC All in One Business Package £150.00 


Please Note: We can now offer you 2 duplicating service and in-house 
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20/POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY 


19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 














[ле vto watched the tsi 
ating ВВС? television series. 
on test pilots about two months. 
адо will be pleased to hear that. 
there is now a game that can 
recreate this 'seatof-the-pants" 
type of flying; Chuck Yeager's 
Advanced Flight Simulator. 

Programmed by Electronic 
Arts, and released in the UK on а 
variety of machines - in this case. 
the Commodore 64 — by the 
European arm of this well ге 
spected software house. 

‘As with the rest of EOA’s 
games, this AFS comes with a 
lengthy and well written manual 


eviathan could be the greatest 

game since Space Invaders, 
but anything that uses a dongle 
gets top marks in the pain in the 
backside department. Yes, in this 
Amiga incarnation, it's wrestling 
time as you evict a defenceless 
mouse from its home and replace 
it with the sawn off end of a 
joystick plug. 

Enough of that though. Now to 
the plot. Refreshingly, English 
Software hasn't bothered with 
one. Just fly your ship, Levia- 
than, over (and into with sicken- 
ing regularity) three types of 
landscape, each one being pre- 


A 
К auis 





Which is essential reading for 
anyone attempting to get the 
most from the game - especially 
if you are a flight sim enthusiast. 

Graphically, AFS is excellent, 
although as you would expect of 
the Commodore 64, the anima- 
tion is not exactly fast, though 
by no means unplayably slow. 

In play the game allows you to 
sample the delights of 14 differ- 
ent planes, ranging from Sopwith 
Camels to “Top Gun' like F-16 
Fighting Falcons. To add to the 
problems of being a test pilot, 
there are also three experimental 
planes. 


sented in a couple of different 
colours, and destroy every enemy 
ship that you find. AII within the 
time limit. I liked that; complete- 
ly unpretentious stuff. 

As usual your ship is contin. 
ually running out of diesel so 
landing on the arrows near the 
fuel pods in the Cityscape is 
recommended rather than the 
take a spare can approach. 

On the control panel at the 
bottom of the screen there's all 
the regular guys; score, fuel 
counter, lives indicator, timer, 
value of BP shares, and a couple 
of new ideas. One is a snapshot of 








Oooo (t 








The most obvious comparison 
to make is with Flight Simulator 
II, the industry standard simula- 
tor from Microsoft. Although 
AFS is not quite as smooth or 
relaxed, it more than makes up 
for this with action and ‘thrills’. 

The philosophy behind the 
game is typically American, but 
thankfully Chuck Yeager seems 
more endearing than most, and 
even quite amusing. 

“Crash is not a word pilots 
ever use. I don't really know why, 
but the word is avoided in de- 
scribing what happens when se- 
veral tons of metal ploughs itself. 
and its pilot into the ground. 
Instead, we might say "He au- 
gered in." Or, "He bought the 
farm!” 

Overall, AFS is a game that 
will appeal to everyone who has 
wondered when simulations will 
start to bridge the gap between 
arcade games and simulations, 

Daniel McGrath 


Program Chuck Yeager's Ad- 
vanced Flight Simulator Type 
Simulation Price $9.95 
Machine Commodore 64 Sup- 
plier Electronic Arts, 11/49 
Station Road, Langley, Berks. 








the type of enemy coming next 
while two arrows flash green to 
point in which direction the ene- 
my is actually lurking. 

In play Leviathan is a Zaxxon- 
style game, but much better. The 
screen scrolls diagonally up and 
down, and does so very smoothly 
when you're moving at top speed. 
The graphics for the landscapes 
are made up of shades of one 
particular colour at a time, en- 
abling detailed shadowing and 
similar effects to be realistically 
portrayed. 

It’s nice to see a game that 
actually looks like it's running on 
an Amiga rather an ST, and the 
Greekscape in particular is de- 
lightfully done. 

The music on the title page, by 
the prolific David Whittaker, is 
пр {о the mark without being in 
the jaw dropping class. 

Still, this Amiga version of 
Leviathan is easily the best, and 
one for the Christmas stocking of 
those who like mindless action 
games. 

Mark Ullyat 


Program Leviathan Micro 
Amiga Price $24.95 Supplier 


English Software, 1 North 
Parade, Manchester M3 2NH. 














GAMES- 


Software guide 
continued 











Atari ST 


Program Talladega Type Simula- 
tion Price $1.99 Supplier MIL, 12 
Chiltern Enterprise Centre, Station 
Road, Theale, Berks RG7 IAA. 














Program The ChessMaster Type 
Simulation Price $24.95 Supplier 
Electronic Arts, Langley Business 
angley, Nr Slough, Berks 











Amiga 


Program Red October Type Com- 
bat Simulation Price $24.95 Sup- 
plier Argus Press Software Ltd, 
Victory House, Leicester Place, 
London WC2H 7NB. 


Program The ChessMaster 2000 
‘Type Simulation Price $24.05 Sup- 
plier Electronic Arts, Langley 
Business Centre, Langley, Nr 
Slough, Berks 512 8YN, 

















19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 


POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY/21 








"GAMES 





Software guide 
continued 








TAN YOU NAN 1:5 
€ 





Commodore 64 


Program Bosconian Type Arcade 
Price 51.00 Supplier Mastertronic, 
8-10 Paul Street, London EC2. 


Program The Elite Collection con- 
tains Bomb Jack, Commando, 
Frank Bruno's Boxing, Airwolf, 
Battleships, PaperBoy, Ghosts 'N’ 
Goblins, Bomb Jack I| Price 
31405 (cassette), $19.05 (disc) 
Supplier Elite Systems Ltd, Eas- 
tern Avenue, Lichfield, Staffs 
WS13 6RX. 





Program Tailadega Type Simula- 
tion Price $199 Supplier MIL, 
Chiltern Enterprise Centre, Station 
Road, Theale, Berks RG7 444. 








Program Alice In Videoland Type 
Adventure Price $2.99 Supplier 
MIL, 12 Chiltern Enterprise Cen: 
tre, Station Road, Theale, Berks 
RGT 4AA. 





Program Basil The Great Mouse 
Detective Type Adventure Price 
30.99 (cassette), $14.99 (disc) Sup- 
plier Gremlin Graphies Software 
Ltd, Units 2/3 Holford Way, Hol- 
ford Industrial Estate, Bir- 
mingham B6 7AX 














hile the world waits with an 

expectant hush for Super 
Hang On to make an appearance 
on the shelves ~ Mirrorsoft have 
sneaked out a motorcycle extrav. 
aganza of their own in the form 
of Mean Streak - weighing in on 
the Spectrum (48K and 128K 
natch) and Commodore 64 and 
it's not half bad. 

Best played (as with all moto- 
cycle games) with a hair dryer 
taped to the top of the telly for 
added effect, Mirrorsoft have 
shunned the "over the shoulder" 
perspective usually adopted, and 
plumped for the more technically 
demanding (though less trouble 
оп the knees) "sitting in the 
grandstand” view, with a nicely 








done diagonal scroll, as in Paper: 
boy. But whereas the latter 
lacked the gratuitous violence 
needed for a truly classic work 
(relying heavily on the teen-age 
subconscious need to exercise 
the work ethic and several дойду 
under-the-counter payments) 
Mean Streak requires the plucky 
gamester to blow thousands of 
Outcast Bikers away in a verita- 
ble orgy of destruction. 

‘The senario is set a Mad Max: 
like far future, with your riding 
round the Battletrack (a disused, 
rubble strewn motorway circling 
a capital city), a Rebel, shunning 
the hedonistic New Ways which 
seem to amount to staying іп. 
doors watching reruns of Neigh- 


bours . .. riding your Super Bike, 
armed with machine guns, rock- 
ets and oil. 

The aim is to complete the 
circle round the city (all five 
levels of it) blowing away every- 
thing in your path, watching out 
for the pin-tacks, picking up ex- 
tra fuel, avoiding sundry nasties 
‘on the track, and generally hav- 
ing a good time. As an extra 
incentive for hackers, there is a 
competition attached to the 
game so that if you complete all 
the levels, you get a special code 
— and so get a chance to qualify 
for a play-off to win a fabby new 
ultra trendy mountain bike. 
Coooo. 

Тһеге аге опе and two player 
versions on both the Speccy and 
the CBM, which you pit yourself 
against a biological opponent, 
and the 128K and 64 versions 


have the appropriate hip-hip( , 


body popping musi 
Admittedly buying this game 
won't gain you automatic admit- 
tance to your local HA chapter — 
but for the true feel of the open 
road in times to come, wear some 
funny clothes, load it up, turn on 
the drier and think of the M25. 
Fabby 
John Cook 





Program Mean Streak Micro 





Spectrum. 48K/128K, CBM 64 
Price 575/885 Supplier 
Mirrorsoft, 66-73 Shoe Lane, 








mdon ECA, Tel: 01- 





4645. 














he Travel Game is a game for 

adults which does not have an 
X-certificate; nor does Samantha 
Fox make an appearance. 

In fact, the game is charm 
ingly old-fashioned in its appeal, 
but very modern in the sophisti- 
cation of its programming: you 
match your brains against those 
of a very cunningly-devised pro- 
gram. The idea is to travel round 
the world, collecting clues at 
various locations. The prize 
which awaits you at the end of 
the journey is the answer to the 
Endgame; this answer is current- 
ly worth 5,000 which inereases 
by 1 each time another copy of 
the game is sold. 

This sounds easy but RuleFor 
mat, the producers, expect that 
it will take several months before 
the Endgame is cracked. The 
problems begin with the fact that 
you start off with only $500 and 
you need money to pay for travel 
by boat, train or plane as well as 
to buy the souvenirs which lead 
to your next destination and 


your next clue. You must take 
decisions about how to plan your 
route to maximise speed and 
minimise expense; the best strat 

egy is not always obvious. 

‘As you progress the game 
becomes more difficult and unex- 
pected things happen; your ex- 
pertise increases as you advance. 
You must accumulate extra mon- 
ey by answering a set of brain. 
teasing questions most of which 
are based on numbers and letters. 
rather than general knowledge. 
Perhaps the best way of captur- 
ing the game's flavour is to say 
that it has already received the 
endorsement of Magnus 
Magnusson. 

There are no graphics in the 
program in order to ensure that 
the game will run on any PC. The 
screen is functional and looks 
more like a business application 
than a conventional game. А box 
in the topleft reminds you of 
your current location; a box top- 
Tight records the passage of 
time. Most of the screen is taken 





пр with the box where informa. 
tion, questions and help text, 
appear. Your instructions aré 
typed in at the bottom of the 
screen. 

The program is written in Ç - 
in other words, it is a classy and 
sophisticated program with no 
apparent bugs. If, like me, you 
enjoy working out puzzles and 

to unravel secrets, then 1 
would recommend the Travel 
Game. How far have 1 got? Well, 
I have just spent my second 
expensive night in a London hotel 
and, when I resume playing this 
evening, I will be staring at a 
large overdraft, desperate to 
serape together enough money to 
continue my journey. 

Robert Hollier 

















Program Travel Game Micro 
Adventure Price $24.95 + 95р 
p&p Machine Any IBM PC 
compatible Supplier The Tra- 
vel Game, Freepost, Liverpool 
L1 SAB, (051) 708 8202. 














22/POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY 


19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 




















he game that launched а thou- 

sand space pilots is now атай. 
able on the IBM PC and compati- 
bles. Along with Starglider, 
Elite must be the most eagerly 
awaited conversion, and those 
who glimpsed it at the PCW show 
will know that this version has 
something special - a solid 3D 
option! 

For the few who have never 
heard of £lite, it is quite simply 
the best 3dimensional space 
combat game going. You pilot а 
Cobra Mk. Ш, a ship well-suited 
to both combat and trading. 
"Trading is an integral part of the 
game as you need to increase 
your credit. balance in order to 
afford all those cute little acces 
sories, such as docking comput 
er, military lasers, fuel scoops 
and so forth. However, piracy 
and bounty hunting сап also 

ove profitable. The aim is to 
ссн your rating from ‘Harm 
less’ to "Elite. However you 
should be offered your first mis. 





sion before reaching that coveted 
status 
When you load the game (the 





disk is not protected will copy 
straight to hard disk), you may 
select either Shaded or Line 
lite. Both utilise low res. and 
four colours, and these are 
hatched to produce shading var- 
iations on the control panel and 
ships. Firebird recommend an 
80286 micro at 6Mhz or higher 
io appreciate the solid anima- 
tion, but the PCI512 display is 
adequately smooth. 

Before play starts you are 
prompted for a word chosen ran. 
domly from the enclosed novella, 








Piss ite launches 


This consistently refused to work 
for me, and I eventually tried the 
Flight Training Manual instead, 
Instant success! Firebird will be 
changing the entry screen to 
specify the current manual, 

The title screen displays your 
sleek Cobra Mk. Ш, rotating in 


time to the Blue Danube Waltz 
The shaded Cobra looks very 
impressive, although you might 
ateh the odd screen-swap flicker 
оп а PC1512, it's still remark 
ably smooth. 

Unable to resist an immediate 
test flight (and having flown 
Cobras before on a Beeb), I 
promptly hit Fl and launched 
into the cold void above planet 
Lave. The PC key layout is easy 
to adjust to, and | was soon 
skimming the space station, won. 
dering if it was worth annoying 
the local police fleet? Common 
sense said No, but I opened up оп 
the station anyway. Instantly a 
stream of police Vipers erupted 
from the dock opening and com. 
тепсей to return fire. I counted 
10 of them before my career as a 
Cobra pilot was abruptly cur- 
tailed, and the screen displayed 











my wreckage spinning away 
towards Lave. 

Because there are any number 
of IBM clones operating at vary. 
ing speeds, not to mention the 
7286 and '386 families, there is 
an option to increase/decrease 
the rate of frame display, on a 





scale of 1-10 (highest), with *8" 
being the default. Unfortunately 
this also seems to affect the 
frequency with which the key. 
board is scanned, so while '10' 
offers the smoothest animation, 
it loses you accurate steering and 
your Cobra tends to veer at the 
lightest touch. On the Amstrad I 
found the default of ‘8’ was fine 
for combat, but docking required 
setting of '1' (at least until I can 
afford a docking computer!) 

There is little doubt that IBM 
Elite is a masterly conversion. 
The shaded space stations are 
most impressive to behold as 
they rotate majestically against. 
а backdrop of drifting stars and 
distant, blazing sun. Also impres- 
sive is the circling attack ma 
noeuvre taken by police Vipers as 
they dart from dock, fly round 
the space station in a chain, then 
pursue you and set up a circling 
attack formation around you. 
Very pretty though somewhat 
lethal to watch. The most pleas- 
ing image was that of two incom- 
ing missiles оп the rear view 
screen, rapidly gaining ground, 
but lost just before Impact as my 
Cobra completed count down and 
leapt into the colourful display 
of Hyperspace. 

Elite's appeal was always long- 
term: with over 2000 planets to 
trade with and the elusive rank 
of Elite to be gained, not to 
mention the occasional mission 
оп behalf of the Space Navy, 
there is always something to do. 
It’s destined to be the most 
popular PC game this Christmas, 
if not this y 

















Pete Gintz 





Program Elite Type Adventure 
Price $24.95 Supplier Firebird, 
67-76 New Oxford Street, Lon- 
don WCIA IPS. 




















GAMES- 


Software guide 
continued 











BBC/Electron 


Program Warehouse Type Arcade 
Price $2.99 Supplier MIL, 12 Chil- 
tern Enterprise Centre, Station 
Road, Theale, Berks RGT 4AA 

















Spectrum 


Program Slaine Type Adventure 
Price 5890 Supplier Martech, 















Martech Hous е, Pe- 
vensey Bay, x BN24 
6EE. 


Program Grid Iron Type Simula: 
tion Price 21.90 Supplier MIL, 12 
Chiltern Enterprise Centre, Station. 
Road, Theale, Berks RG7 4AA. 








Program Agent X [I Type Arcade 
Price $1.99 Supplier Mastertronic, 
8-10 Paul Street, London EC2. 


Program Alien 8 Type Adventure 
Price $1.99 Supplier Mastertronic, 
10 Paul Street, London EC2. 





Program The Elite Collection con- 
tains Bomb Jack, Commando, 
Frank Bruno's Boxing, Airwolf, 
Battleships, PaperBoy, Ghosts 'N’ 
Goblins, Bomb Jack П Price 
51495 (cassette), £19.95 (disc) 
Supplier Elite Systems Ltd, Eas- 
tern Avenue, Lichfield, Staffs 
WSI3 6RX. 














19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 


POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY/23 








GAMES 








Software guide 
continued 














IBM PC 


Program The ChessMaster 2000 
Type Simulation Price $21.95 Sup- 
plier Electronic Arts, Langley 
Business Centre, 11-49 Station 
Road, Langley, Nr Slough, Berks 
513 8YN. 








Program Vegas Casino Type Si 
mulation Price $9.95 Supplier 
Mastertronic, 8-10 Paul Street, 
London EC2, 


Program Pub Pool Type Simula- 
tion Price $9.05 Supplier Master- 
tronie, 8-10 Paul Street, London 
Е 











jemember the age old game of 

Defender, where the object 
of the game was to fly across 
planet and rescue humans from 
Aliens who were going to turn 
them into zombies? 

The folks at The Edge seem to 
remember the game particularly 
well. Unlike a lot of copies of 
that all time classic, The Edge 
have taken Defender as a basic 
plot and expanded on it. RISK is 
primarily a shoot 'em up but it 
also contains elements of strate- 
gy in the actual gameplay as you 
can equip your spaceship with 
various objects as you set about. 
customising the ship. 

You can add thrusters, boost- 
ers, retros infact a whole host of 
objects that will help you seek 
ош and destroy those offending 
aliens. 

There are several different ob- 
jects involved in the game. The 
first is to explore the planet 
Christon 3 and destroy the aliens 
who have occupied the planet. 

Further objects involve you 
having to rescue as many scien 
ists as possible from the planet 
and eventually find the under- 
ground complex to get hold of 
more fighting power and the 
blueprints of a top secret weapon 
system that was being re 
searched on Christon 3. Graphics 
are large and detailed. 











The mountainess terrain, 
looks very realistic but it's really 
no surprise as apparently a lot of 
work has gone into the writing of 
the game by brothers Chris and 
Tony West, 

Controlling your spaceship is 

done а la Defender in that you 
are positioned horizontally and 
there is a box on the top of the 
screen showing you where the 
aliens are coming from and how 
near they are to you. 
The music on RISK is very 
good and is very reminiscent of a 
theme tune to some top scifi 
adventure film. 

It’s а real shame that during 
the actual playing of the game 
there is no music playing. 

‘The only sound effects are of 
you shooting at the aliens, It 
Would have been nice if the 













authors could have let the music 
from the introduction run into 
the game. 

What conld have been consi- 

dered as a ‘rip off of an old game 
has turned out to be a game with 
added originality. 
It's pleasing to see that old 
ideas can be taken to and 
brought back in a modern way. 
Congratulations to The Edge. 
How about bringing out a new 
version of Asteroids or Space 
Invaders, Edge? 









Leslie Bunder 





Program Risk Micro Commo- 
28 Price 5805 (cas. 
5 (disc) Supplier 
5-58 Southampton 
ndon WC2E THE, 01- 


dore 64, 





sette), Š 














Incentive has been talking about 
its ‘Freescape’ technique for a 
while, but at last here's the 
finished Spectrum version of 
Driller, with CBM64 and Am 
strad to follow. Was it worth the 
wait? Yes, especially if you've 





enjoyed games like Mercenary 
and Sentinel. Driller gives you а 
solid 3-D landscape, with objects 
that you can walk round, walls 
you can climb on (and fall offt) 
and the ability to look in any 
direction. Look up as you walk 
through a passageway and you'll 
see the roof going by, and if you 
raise your viewpoint when you 
come to a wall you can look over 
into the next playing area. 

Control requires most of the- 
keys on the keyboard, though a 
Joystick makes life easier; Kemp- 
ston, Sinclair and Cursor are 
supported. Even with a stick 
you'll still need another 16 keys! 
‘These enable you to look up and 
down, tilt left and right, do a U- 
turn, rise and fall vertically and 
teleport drilling rigs. 

Drilling rigs? Well there is a 
game in here as well! It takes 
place on Mitral, where a build-up 
of gas beneath the surface needs 
an experienced driller just like 
you to explore Mitral’s 18 sec 
tors and place the drilling rigs in 
the right spots to relieve the 
pressure. You also only have four 
hours (real-time) before a meteor 
hits Mitral, and if the gas prob- 





lem hasn't been sorted out by 
then the resulting explosion 
could mean the end of civilisation 
as we know it. With a potential 
playing time of four hours, it's as. 
well there's a SAVE feature, 

There are 16 controls around , 
the main viewing screen, so T 
won't go into all those, but some 
of the more sensible include the 
ability to alter your rate of 
movement and the angle through 
which you turn round when you 
look to left or right. Driller does 
take a while to get started, as 
you try to get used to everything 
that’s going on, but it repays the 
effort. 

Driller has lots of amusing 
touches. Not a fast-action shoot 
"emp, and I've a feeling the 
Freescape technique will produce 
even better games than this, but 
it's a good (if pricey) start, 

Mike Gerrard 








Program Driller Type Adven- 
іше Micro Spectrum Price 
81195 (tape), 51705 (disc) 
Supplier 2 Minerva House, Cal- 
leva Park, Aldermaston, Berk- 
shire RG7 4QW 




















‘24/POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY 


19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 

















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26/POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY 19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 











C language in their software catalo- 
gues, and one is 400 times faster than 
the other! I'm referring to Acornsoft C for 
the BBC Master Series, and also Acorn С 
(notice the lack of ‘soft’) for the new "ВВС 
Micro’, none other than the Archimedes. 
These two products serve to underline 
Just how many worlds apart Acorn’s old 8- 
Pit BBC workchorse and the new 32 bit 
‘Super-micro are. It is not just speed of 
course; with the 8-bit C language you are 
restricted to fairly small programs because 
of memory limitations, and run-time code 
is not true machine code, but an intermedi- 
ate interpreted type, which is also non- 
portable. The Archimedes on the other 
hand has pretensions to being a full-blown 
Unix workstation, and so C forms an 
extremely important part of the new 
machine's initial repertoire of languages. 


Ас currently has two versions of the 








Programming б 


If you want to program in C on your Archie, 
you'll need а 1 megabyte machine - either 
ап A310, or an expanded A305. The version 
of C we looked at was a pre-production 
release, and this was openly admitted and 
warned about in the documentation, Acorn 
{g's had ARM (Acorn RISO Machine) С 

compilers running for well over a year 
now, and according to details supplied with 
the version we had, our version was a 
recent release originally written in C itself. 
We ran Noreroft release 1.40. Acorn have 
opted for the ANSI (American National 
Standard for Information systems) stan- 
dard, which should mean good portability 
across the already crowded spectrum of 
rival C compilers on other machines. 


Features 
The package has all the basic features you 
would expect from a professional C compil- 
er, a linker is included (an essential part of 
а C system but often supplied as an 
‘extra’!) - though ours wasn't documented! 
Nevertheless, there were no surprises 
here, and users familiar with other com- 
monly available systems shouldn't have 
any problems getting started. 

The Archimedes doesn't currently have 
any floating point co-processor hardware, 





however a floating point emulator is sup- 
plied, and you're directed to have this 
present when using the compiler, 

No editor is supplied, though Acorn 
programmers swear by their in-house de- 
veloped Twin editor - a multi-tasking 
version of Edit as supplied on the Master 
128. We didn't have this but got by using 
View under the Archimedes 6502 emulator! 
There's no debugger either, which could 
put some professional applications houses 
off. 

The pre-production compiler on sale at 
present does have some annoying bugs, but 
these аге not too serious and they are 


жт 


ныне шөл) 

БИЧИК 
ix 

р sir ti 


I 


comet iler 
rations tar); 


ter (18; інен) 


A shot of a typical C program in action. 


documented. Some limitations are also 
evident, like the lack of linker documenta- 
tion, and the lack of flexibility in some 
features - the stack is fixed at 16K for 
example - but addendums supplied 
promise to shore up these weaknesses in 
later releases, 

Acorn C has а standard library, once 
again with nothing basic missing. Exten- 
sions to the library include graphics calls - 
basically links to the extended graphics in 
the Archimedes’ Arthur operating system, 
plus the ability to use what was referred to 
as the Arthur WIMP system. 

We didn't have time to test this feature 
but assume this is a reference to the 
Archimedes Desktop Windows module. 





SOFTWARE- 





See C Signor 


The first C compiler for the Acorn 
Archimedes has appeared. David 
King concludes that it is not all 
that it could have been. 


A Sieve of Eratosthenes program is 
supplied, and we used this to find the first 
1890 prime numbers. 


Speed 


Execution speed of the resulting ARM code 
was impressive - just 0.58 of second. This 
compares with over three minutes for the. 
poor old Master 128 running Acornsoft С, 
For some reason we were unable to get 
Beebug's C compiler for the BBC to accept. 
the example program, Brasscourt C for the 
BBC Model B, which compiles true machine 
code, was much more impressive at 38 
seconds, but still over 60 times slower than. 
the Archie. However rather more relevant 
comparisons disappoint. Running the same 
Sieve program on both Motorola 68020 
based NCR and Intel 80386 based Altos 
Unix multi-user systems, the same pro- 
gram ran three and five times faster 
respectively. 

This has to be down to the compiler, and 
perhaps the early 0.20 release of Arthur in 
Our Archimedes. The Archie's ARM is 
capable of matching, or even exceeding, 
the performance of either a 68020 or an 
80386, so we can only deduce that those 
machines have better optimised compilers. 

However this probably shouldn't be all 
that surprising. Acorn C is currently the 
only commercially available C compiler for 
the Archimedes and will probably benefit 
greatly from further optimisation in later 
releases. Acorn will send later releases to 
current users as long as they receive a 
user-registration coupon supplied with the 
original package. 


Conclusion 

Perhaps this initial release of Acorn's C 
package is а touch disappointing, but it's 
Still good enough to get going with, and 
certainly very important for Acorn's cru- 
sade to get the Archie recognised and 
installed as a powerful business/utility 
workstation. Ü 


Acorn ANSI C, $80 plus VAT 
Acorn Computers Limited 
Cambridge 


Technopark 
645 Newmarket Road 
Cambridge CB5 8PD 











19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 


POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY/27 











APOLLO I 
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CONTRACTS 


а high when they finally agree on 

the terms by which MegaBucks Soft- 
ware Ltd. will publish their latest hit. 
Their eyes fill up with pound signs and 
unfortunately realism takes something of a 
back seat, 


Signing a contract 
When you negotiate a deal with a 
software house for it to market your game, 
they will usually require you to sign a 
contract. I was staggered recently when 
the Hewson programming experts left to 
join Firebird - and it was revealed that 
there had in fact been no written contract. 
I would hazard a guess that in the future 
all software houses will require program- 
mers to sign a contract. They do say one 
learns by one's mistakes . , , 

But this is not something to be afraid of 
- but rather, something you should push 
for as programmers, since the contraet is 
there to protect both parties, and might 
end up your only means to get what is owed. 
to you. Contracts have been used widely in 
the industry ever since it began, and they 
are usually fairly similar. But, as history 
has shown, you should read anything 
through very carefully, and be aware of 
what you are signing before you pen your 
scrawl on it. 


Unfair Terms Act 


The English legal system is such 
that the contract may not be the be-all and 
end-all of any agreement. If you sign a 
contract which later turns sour, you may 
have some comeback under the Unfair 
‘Terms Act - which over-rules any written 
contract under certain conditions, and may 
help you. Being under 18 might also help, 
but don't rely on it, if you can sign 
something you are happy with, do so. 


Verbal 

Another interesting, and little known, 
point about the law of contract is that a 
contract need not be in writing, it can be 
spoken. So if a firm offers you $10,000 for 
the UK rights to your latest Jupiter Ace 
program over the phone, they can techni- 


M: programmers are on something of 





cally be held to it: the problem, of course, is 
in proving that they made that offer. For 
any contract to be valid, there must be an 
Offer (“TII give you $1500 for that Spec- 
trum game"), Acceptance ("I accept") - 
and some sort of consideration (in our 
example, the $1500 from the software 
house, and the UK rights to the Spectrum 
game from the programmer) although it 
doesn't matter how much - a penny will do 

There is a lot more detail than that, of 
course, but generally speaking if you have 
those three elements, then a contract 
exists which is legally binding. The law is 
currently changing, or about to, concerning 
the ability of minors (anyone less that 18, 
for your information, John, not someone 
Who works underground!) to make con- 
tracts, if this is relevant to you, it might be 
worth your while checking with a solicitor 
about this. 


Signing a contract 
So, what are the main points to watch 
out for in publishing contracts with soft- 
ware houses? The basis of the contraet will 
explain who both sides are (ie, you and 
"your agents" and the software house, and 
their agents; for practical purposes, 





“<The English legal 
system is such 
that the contract 


may not be the 
be-all and end-all of 
any agreement . . „7? 





merely means you and them!) it will then 
explain what the contract does: usually 
licensing the rights to manufacture, mar- 
ket and distribute your software title, or 
the copyright to it; it will then have a 
section about what “consideration” you are 








The dotted line syndrome 


If you are thinking of selling computer games, 
or already do so, David Lester has some handy 
advice on signing contracts, how to avoid 
financial disappointment and how to tackle 
legal wrangles. 


being given for licensing these rights, ie, 
the royalty arrangement you have nego- 
tiated, or the lump-sum payment, or 
whatever. 


Copyright 

Most programmers 1 have come across 
like to maintain ownership of the сору. 
right to a title, and simply license the 
rights to it. This then gives you control 
over sub-licences, and the rights to any 
income earned from subsidiary products 
(such as T-shirts sold with the game name 
on it, etc). That is, assuming that you do 
not assign these rights to a publisher, too, 
You might not think that this is desperate- 
ly important, but just suppose that your 
program really hits the big time: there 
have been instances where board game 
manufacturers have converted a software 
game to a board game; and where arcade 
game firms such as Taito or Sega have 
bought the rights to a home computer 
game for conversion into an arcade game 
(for example, Star Glider). While this is 
pretty rare, you would be none too happy if 
you saw nothing of the profits of these 
licences. My advice is therefore to only 
assign the precise rights your publisher 
needs, 


Publisher's rights 

The other side to this coin is that the 
publisher will usually make you sign a 
clause saving that you guarantee that you 
own all rights to the product, and will 
protect the publisher from any infringe- 
ment of them. This just means that if 
anyone starts producing copies of your title 
which are a bit too close for comfort, the 
publisher can make you sue, they cannot 
sue themselves, since they are not the 
owners of the copyright. This could get 
expensive, so the first time I saw this, I felt. 
decidedly worried about signing it. But if 
you are with a reputable firm then they 
will probably help you out financially if it 
comes to this (which is very unlikely 
anyway). And if you are with a smaller 
firm, then they will probably be less keen 
to sue anyway. You can be fairly happy 
about this simply because the publisher 












30/POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY 


19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 











„ 





will be even harder hit than you by any 
infringement, so it is in its interests to help 
you sue. 

Royalties 

Then comes the royalty or payment 
clause, [tis impossible to say what you can 
reasonably hope to get. The best thing to 
do is just to show the game to several 
publishers, and take the best offer you сап 
get (never just accept the first offer you 
are made, just in case ..; there are less 
programmers ripped-off now than there 
were “in the early days”, but it still 
happens from time to time), 

For budget software titles, an outright 
payment of about £1,000 to £1,500 is fair, 
unless you are dealing with one of the big 
three firms, who should double that figure. 
‘The best thing by far, though, is to obtain 
ап advance on royalities, so that if sales 
really do take off, you get a piece of the ac- 
tion, І have only come across two firms 
which refused to offer royalties, so you 
should be able to negotiate such a deal. On 
full-price, expect royalties of about 15 to 
20% (of the net price, ie, what the software 
house actually receives from the distribu- 
tors for the game, and some sort of 
advance but the market is just so volatile 
(sounds like the City, doesn't it!) that 
predicting the size of any advance would 
be foolhardy, 

This is the clause to check, recheck, and 
check again. Simply make sure it says 
what you agreed with the publisher, and 
nothing else. Note how often the royalties 
аге paid, too, some firms only pay them 
once a quarter (every three months) which 
means that you won't see anything for a 
long time after you have finished the 
game. If you possibly can, negotiate this 
down to monthly payments; while you 
should still get the same sum, if your firm 
goes bust after two months, at least you 
will have had two months’ payments 
rather than none! (not to mention any 
interest earned on the cash). 


Conversions 


You should make sure that the contract 
is clear about arrangements for conver- 
sions of your game to other formats 





(assuming that you are providing it on only ^ 


опе or two yourself). This can be an extra. 
source of income which might make you 
more money even than the original, so 
don’t sign away your rights to money here. 
One publisher I have come across claims 
that its contracts, don’t actually entitle the 
original programmer to any of the proceeds 
from conversions - if so, don't sign it. 

If you think about how many formats 
some games аге available on (with 8 and 16 
bit, there must be at least 9 relatively 
‘common ones) that is a lot of sales. As 
copyright holder, you should be entitled to 
at least 25% of what the converter gets for 


the new versions. Talk this over with your 
software house, they should be quite 
happy with this arrangement, and you can 
then include it in the contract. You should 
also take into account whether or not you 
keep the right to license out conversions to. 
other software houses - for example if the 
publisher of the original version doesn't 
publish on the Spectrum or Commodore, 
would you be allowed, under the terms of 
the contract, to license a second firm to 
publish the Spectrum or Commodore ver- 
sion, respectively, of the game. If not, you 
stand to lose out. 

Overseas sale 

Similarly, make sure you are happy with 
апу arrangements for overseas sales. This 
is clearly crucial if your game is likely to be 
a hit somewhere like the United States, but 
if it is a small-time UK-only game, it 
probably won't matter so much. But for 
any arcade game, and most good strategy, 
adventure, or simulation games, there 
could well be large markets overseas or 
your program. There is usually an extra 
clause dealing with this, which usually 
drones on about sub-licences. 1 would 
reserve the right to veto any sub-licence 


“<The main point 
is to avoid at 
all costs signing 


any sort of 
exclusive 
agreement . . .?? 





with which I was not happy (unlikely, but. 
you never know) and negotiate a fairly 
high proportion of sales revenue for these 
sales. After all, there is not much work 
involved at that stage - the artwork and 
packaging has ай been done, and the costs 
of actually producing the tape or disc are 
extremely lov. It's just а case of using your 


sown judgement about what is either fair, 


or the fairest deal you can get (not always 
the same, unfortunately). 


Sub-licensing 

This sub-licensing is more important 
now than it used to be, since so many titles 
are released at first on their own, then 
later as either budget titles, or on compila- 
tions, or both. Of course, when you first 
sign up a contract, you have no idea 
whether this will happen or not, and if so 
how much revenue will be gonerated by it. 
So I would suggest having a clause which 
lets you re-negotiate the terms of any such 
deals yourself, as and when they arise. 


That way, you might have a better idea of 
the likely success of the budget title or 
compilation, and be able to get a better 
deal for yourself. The software houses 
might not be too keen on this, though, since 
itis a very lucrative sideline for them, but 
stick up for your rights; it is, after all, your 
talent (and that of their other program- 
mers) which earns their living for them. 

There are two other clauses to note, one 
you should try to include, the other you 
should try even harder to exclude! Firstly, 
you should incorporate а term of the 
Contract about what happens if they go 
bust, or are taken over, If they get taken 
over by someone who doesn't like your 
game, sales could literally stop dead, and 
with them, your income! You need to 
specify the different types of possibility 
here in some depth as people have been 
caught out before by excluding one or 
other of the categories, Allow for “ceasing 
to trade, going into liquidation or receiver- 
ship, bankruptcy or being acquired by a 
third party”; should any of these events 
happen, you then automatically own any 
rights assigned under the contract once 
again, and as such are free to go and resell 
them to a new firm, if you can find one 
interested. 

The main point is to avoid at all costs 
signing any sort of exclusive agreement, 
whereby you agree to (and are legally 
bound to) offer the publisher of your 
current title first refusal on all subsequent 
programs for the life of the contract. 
Under an exclusive agreement, the soft- 
ware house can get away with paying you 
very little for your new titles, since you 
cannot legally offer them anywhere else, 
One to avoid, 




















Protect your interests 

There are no easy answers to protecting 
your interests, and none which will guar- 
antee anything. If in doubt, go elsewhere, 
ог at least get as much as possible in up- 
front money, One way out is to use an 
agent, who then fights for you and ar- 
ranges contracts on your behalf ... for a 
small fee; two such firms I know of are 
Marjacq and Black Knight Computers Ltd.; 
the latter usually take a commission of 
about 10%, and report an increasing level 
of interest from programmers who have 
worked for major firms, most of whom 
have a story to tell concerning their own 
brand of shark. 

A tight contract will only help you if 
there is someone you can sue, and so long 
as that someone, or firm, has enough 
readies to pay your debt and costs. Other- 
wise, even the law won't be able to help. So 
why bother? Because without a decent 
contract which protects your interests, you 
are definitely sunk. It’s a great world, isn't 
E n 


— CONTRACTS} - 








19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 


POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY/31 





-SOUNDCHECK IN JAPAN 


Eastern Delights 


Mark Jenkins with computer 
news from the heart of it all... 





Europe, which has recently been set- 

up to co-ordinate Yamaha's activities 
in the UK, France, Germany, Spain, Italy 
and elsewhere, we recently got a chance to 
fly over to Japan to check out next year's 
new products, As far as Yamaha are 
concerned, the main line in computer 
music is the CX5 series, which as you'll 
probably know is in a state of flux in the 
UK. However, thanks to Yamaha's "X-Day 
6", а trip to their retail store in the 
Shibuya area of Tokyo, and various other 
exhibitions, we have managed to gather 
quite a lot of information about the state of 
computing in general, and music comput- 
ing in particular, In the land that does all 
that sort’ of thing best . 

First, the CX5 series. Users who have 
been frustrated by the apparent deletion of 
the line due to the failure of the MSX 
standard in the UK will be pleased (or 
more frustrated) to know that it is going 
strong in: Japan, Spain and Germany still 
take large numbers of MSX computers - 
and the home market is healthy, so much 
so that two expanded models - the 
CXBHIL/128 and thge CX11 - are currently 
available. These are, of course in addition 
to all the other MSX machines from Sony, 
Canon, Toshiba, Mitsubishi arid many oth- 
ers, which can be used as music comput 
now that Yamaha have made their SFG-05 
FM synthesizer cartridge available 
separately. 

‘A music computer is only as good as its 
software, and currently Yamaha Japan 
offers a long line of options. The full list. 
runs as follows. 

[e] Computer Music Workshop; Keyboard 
Chord Master, Keyboard Chord Progres- 
sions, Guitar Chord Master 

ө] FM Auto Arranger; FM Auto Arranger 
Utilities 

ө] Graphic artist; Graphic Artist Utilities 
ө] FM Voice Data; Vols 1, 2, 3 

[e] DX100/DX27 Voice Data; Vols. 1, 2 

[e] DX 21 Voice Data; Vols. 1, 2, 3 

[e] RXI5 Rhythm Data; Rock Vol. 1, Vol. 2, 
Swing/Shuffle 

[e] RXLI Rhythm Data; Rock Vol. 1, Vol. 
Swing/Shuffle 

[e] RX21 Rhythm Data, Rock Vol. 1, Vol. 2 
| Music Pad, Music Pad Accessories 


Те” to the Yamaha Corporation Of 


















































The last of these, the Music Pad, is a 
chunk of hardware similar to a flatbed 
plotter which allows you to enter music, 
arrange pieces and create new sounds 
using a plotter pen to control the computer. 
Yamaha also make a word processor 
available for their MSX machines, and use 
the CX11 to run automatic testing routines 
at their DX synthesizer factory in Toyooka. 









The Japanese FM77AV40 and Fujitsu monitor 


The most popular MSX line in Japan 
seems to be the Sony Hit Bit, which can be 
built up into a complete business system. If 
you don’t want to use a keyboard, this can 
be run from a tiny numeric control pad 
with just 0-9, cursor, and function keys, 
and you can clip on a 300/1200 bps 
MODEM to communicate with music net- 
MC and ESI Street. 





has an optional clip-on 
tridge called FS-CAI which gives it poly 
phonic synth voices for use with packages 
such as the standard "MSX Music". 

If you really want to integrate your 
music, hi-fi, computing and TV interests, 
the Fujitsu FM77 AV/AV20/AV40 is the 
one for you. It's described as an Audio- 
Visual Computer and comes with a power- 
ful polyphonic sound-chip, two disc-drives, 
TV, keyboard and hi-fi sound outputs. A 
MIDI interface, the FM77-40 is optional, as 












are various boards to add SCSI (hard disc) 
interfacing, e-mail, and what looks to be à 
voice-activated control system, or perhaps 
just а sound sampler. 

The FM77 is shown being used for 
computer-aided design, MIDI control of 
Yamaha, Korg and Roland synths and 
effects (using a package called FM Music 
World created by Fujitsu and Music Plan), 
running an FM Music Editor, creating 
abstract graphics, doing word processing 
and accounting tasks, and generally being. 
a bit of a jack-of-all-trades, 

Of course, it's hard to give an idea of the. 
cost of the machine since so many options. 
are available. Prices in Tokyo are high now 
due to the strong Yen, but to give you some. 
idea, the Apple Mac and SE are about the. 
same price їп Tokyo as in the UK, so you 
won't in faet make any enormous savings 
on electronics by shopping in Japan 
nowadays. 

However, if you're after equipment 
which isn't available at all in the UK, 
Japan is still the place to be. The country's 
leading computer graphics and music mag- 
azine, Epsilon, covers MIDI basics, digital 
mixers, photographic equipment, profes- 
sional video equipment, computers from 
manufacturers such as NEC, Sharp and) 
Panasonic, computer graphic tips with 
BASIC listings, drum machines, scanners, 
CAD packages, films, books records, and 
shows. 

Epsilon is largely in Japanese, but it is 
good to look at and contains tempting 
pictures of lots of items not yet available in 
the West. The publishers would no doubt 
be pleased to hear from you if you'd like to 
subscribe, Write to them in (straightfor- 
ward) English c/o Studio Somewhere, 1- 

1 Gohongi, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 159, Japan, 
Tel: Japan 03 793 0655 (8 hours ahead). 

Incidentally, non-Atari owners will be 
pleased to hear that the ST is very little in 
evidence in Japan, and that Yamaha seems 
to have no intention of flooding the world 
with ST-based software. However, one still 
suspects that the Japanese professional 
musicians are stealthily using Steinberg's 
Pro-24 and other MIDI music packages 
familiar in the West rather than more 
obscure packages for NEC or other micros. 
More Far Eastern stuff next week! Пп 













































32/POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY 


19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 













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ire nearly 500 software titles already. 
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A bit dense 


G А Sansom, of Orpington, Kent, 
writes: 

T have read in your column a 

couple of times about dises 

and the different densities 
and formats. However, most of 
what you say seems to go right 
over my head. Could you explain 
in very simple terms the various 
aspects of dises ~ with pictures if 
possible? 


Starting from basies, a disc is 
a round piece of plastic coat- 


ed on each side with a layer 
of magnetic material (Fig. 1). This 
material is very similar to that 
used on magnetic tapes and if it is 
magnetised in one direction, stays 
that way until it is changed to 
another direction. At its simplest 
level; the direction in which the 
material is magnetised can be 
taken as a one or a zero and can be 
rend back from the disc by a coil of 
wire which senses the direction. 
This makes them easily written to 
and read as well as giving a pretty 
reliable system. 

То store as much information as 
possible on the disc, its area is split 
up into tracks which are then split 
into sectors (Fig. 2). Each sector 
holds a series of ons and offs 
according to the information 
stored, This sectioning of the disc 
is known as its format and is 
purely magnetie ie, the physical 
aspect of the disc is not changed by 
it - allowing the same dise to be 
used under different formats. 

A common format is to split опе 
side of the disc into 40 tracks, each 
having 10 sectors and each sector 
holding 256 bytes of information. 
The whole dise can therefore hold 
ир to 102400 or 100k bytes of data. 
То find the first track, the index 
hole is usually used. This is a 
physical hole in the disc whose 
position can be detected by means 
of a light beam shining through it. 
Sector zero can then be found by 














-KENN GARROCH 








allowing a certain amount of time 
to elapse before reading or writing 

ince the speed at whieh the disc 
is spinning is known. 

То read or write the tracks, ап 
arm holding the read/write head 
is positioned over the disc and can 
be moved in and out in precise 
steps (Fig. 1) one for each track. 
To find track zero - usually the 
‘outermost - the arm is pulled back 
as far as it can go until it hits a 
stopper. This position defines track 
zero, and all other track positions 
аге based on offsets from this. 

Before a blank disc can be used, 
it must be formatted and this 
operation is performed by taking 
the two positions described above 
ie, track, zero and sector zero, and 
then writing information to each 
track that splits it up into the 
correct sectors. Once this is done, a 
‘couple of tracks are set aside to 
hold the directory information ie, 
what files start where and how 
long they are. This directory info 
varies quite a lot from system to 
system and is usually the reason 
why dises that may be incompati- 
ble at first sight, can often be read 
by a system if the format is known. 

There are a couple of ways of 
getting more information on a disc, 
the most obvious of which is to use 
both sides in this situation, there is 
а read/write head positioned on 
each side of the disc giving twice 
the number of tracks. The other 
way is to increase the number of 
tracks, usually doubling them ie, 
from 40 to 80. An 80 track (or 
double density) double sided dise 
with the sector format described 
before would hold 409600 or 400k 
bytes (Ik is 1024 ог 219), It is also 
possible to have quadruple density 
but this is quite rare since it puts 
great demands on the quality of 
the magnetic material and the 
drive mechanism. To get 80 tracks 
the read/write arm must move 
exactly half as far for each track 
ав before - obviously things are 
getting a little delicate when it is 
moving half as far адай 

Floppy discs come in four main 
sizes, 3”, 35°, 525" and 8" with the 
3,5" and the 5:25" being by far the 
most common (Fig. 3). The format- 
ting of these is pretty much as 
before and the number of tracks, 
sectors and bytes per sector varies 
from system to system. You'll have 
noticed that 525" and 8" discs 
have notches in their cases. This is 
for the write protect and if the 
notch is there, the drive is able to 
write to it. f, however, the notch is 
covered with a write protect tab (a 
piece of sticky ТОЙ), the hardware 
in the dise drive stops any informa- 
tion being written protecting the 
disc from harm. 








When dises are manufactured, 
they are coated on both sides and 
then tested to see how well they 
hold the information. If both sides 
work well then the disc is sold as 
double sided double density. If one 
side has faults then it may be sold 
as single sided, and if both sides 
have minor faults then it will be 
single density. Since the disc is 
always coated оп both sides, it сап 
be used in a double sided double 
density system, but is not guaran- 
teed to retain its data. I have a 
number of discs that I have used 
without any problems in this wa 
both 5:25" and 357, however, it is 





not recommended. You should al- 
ways buy the correct density and 
sides specified by the computer 
system manual, since most discs 
are guaranteed for life (I'm not 
sure whose but then I'm not Meth- 
uselah - yet) you will have no 
trouble. 

One final thing is that Commo- 
dore dise drives don't use the index 
hole and so can be turned over 
allowing both sides to be used in a 
single sided system, You do have to 
buy special dises, or cut an extra 
write protect notch in the other 
side of the dise to make them work 
however: 








г 


wass sensor 


њаунемы | 
| 





ада 


Motor to move arm e 





notch. 


The disk itseif 
Disk cover 


5.25" disl 





Fig 3 - the commonest disk types. 





Motor to spin di 


Fig 1 — the main components of a disk and drive seen edge on. 





Fig 2 - the sectors and tracks 
(only ten shown) of 2 floppy disk. 


ене 


Index hole 


Magnetic Wer 
— НН 
t 


Magnetic tayer 





write 
protect 





Solid disk 
cover 


Siding cover 
3.5" disk 














34/POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY 


19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 











Testing time 


C Wooley, of Pelsall, W Midlands, 
writes: 

1 use three Amstrad com- 

puters, the PC1512, 

CPO6128 and the 
PCW8256, and find the Basic on 
two of them quite good. However, 
T have hit on a problem with 
Locomotive Basic 2 in that the 
‘TEST and FLOOD commands do 
not operate, For me this is a 
serious problem in that I have 
persuaded my company to pur- 
chase a PCI512 so that I could 
write the required programs. 

I have been in touch with 

Amstrad, Locomotive Software, 
and Digital Research and, al 
though they were very helpful, 
there seems to be no solution to 
the problem. 
It turns out that Basie 2 was 
written for use with the original 
GEM environment which was not 
complete, What I find strange is 
that when DR needed these com- 
mands for GEM Paint, they in- 
cluded them. Locomotive, how- 
ever, didn’t, but left the 
commands there anyway ie, they 
are in the manual but don’t 
actually work. 

Could you please identify a 
Basic which is compatible with 
the Amstrad PC machine and 
which will support the graphics 
commands that I need. I would 
also like to know if other Basic 2 
users have encountered other 
problems and ways of resolving. 
them, 





1 think that Mierosoft's 

 GWBasic is the one you want, 
E although I am not 100% cer- 
tain. Other possibilities are Bor- 
land's Turbo Basic and Quick Basic. 
(MS), Since I don't use PCc's very 
often, | am not really an expert оп 
the software available, The best 
thing would be to ring a couple of 
reputable dealers and ask their 
advice - possibly our readers 
know for sure? 





Sound Qut 


ТЕ McCabe, of Walton, Liverpool, 
rites: 

What I want to do is use my 

520 STFM with an Amstrad 
colour monitor that I used 
to use with my CPC464. Thanks 
to you, the video connection is 
fine, the problem is the sound 
output, 1 know which pins to use 
but I am a bit worried about what 
to connect it to. Could you clarify 
the situation please? 








that the sound output is 1 

Volt peak to peak but 1 can- 
not find the impedance which 1 
“assume to be around IKQ. In 
plain English, this means that it 
more or less matches the common 
‘phono’ input of most modern 
amplifiers. 

It also more or less matches 
most modern (Walkman type) 
headphones. This leaves you with 
three choices, a pair of head- 
phones with the two channels 
‘connected to the single output for 
the ST, straight connection to an 
amplifier - the CD input is suitable 
otherwise one of the tape inputs 
will do, 

‘The final, and by far the most 
difficult is to obtain an amplifier 
especially for the system, I haven't 
got space here to detail this but 
basically it should have IkQ 1V 
рр input, and be able to drive an 
ВО speaker at about 10 Watts. 

Personally, | prefer the head- 
phones since they cause no distur- 
bance to anyone else, and they can 
be quite loud. 


A The manuals for the ST state 








Coded 


Philip E Jones, of Anfield, Liver- 
pool, writes: 

1 wonder if you can help me? 

1 am at University and 

studying a computing 
‘course, the system is using Algol 
68, but so far I have only 
learned, Basic, Pascal and some 
780 machine code. I know that 
Algol 68 and Pascal are similar. 
and that a Pascal compiler can 
be bought. But, I would like to 
know if there is such a thing as 
ап Algol 68 compiler, and if so 
how much will it cost? If there is 
more than one, which is best? 1 
‘own а Spectrum 128K (the one 
Sir Clive brought ош). 


As far as | know, you are 
mpletely out of luck when 
comes to Algol 68 compil- 

ers, especially for the Spectrum. 
‘There may be an IBM РСс (small с 
stands for clone) version but 1 
think that this is rather unlikely 
as well 

The problem is that Algol 68 was 
designed well before the age of the. 
micro-computer, іп 1908 in fact. 
This means that any compilers for 
it will be written for elephantine 
machines such as the ICL 1900 
series, at least, that is the only 
computer I have ever used it on. 

I think that the best thing to do 
would be to stick with Pascal and 
maybe c as these are the closest to 
Algol. If you сап get to grips with 








Pascal, converting to Algol should 
be fairly easy. 

Perhaps some of our readers 
know of an Algol implementation 
for microcomputers? If so then 
please let me know. 





Driving force 


R Stevenson, of Islington, London, 
writes: 

Трал to buy an ST but need 
advice in order to decide 
between the following 
opt З 
1) Buy a 1040 5ТЕ 

2) Buy a 520 STFM with 1 Meg 
wpgrade and a Cumana 1 Meg 
drive. 

The second option would seem 
to give the equivalent of a 1040 
and a second drive, for not much 
extra cost. But would it? 

Is a 520 STFM with RAM 
upgrade really the equivalent to 
the 1040 (except for the drive) or 
would there still be some 
differences? 

What about the drive? Would 
the external drive be able to do 
all that the 1 Meg internal drive 
does on the 1040 eg, when 
booting? 


KENN GARROCH- 





As far as | can see, the 520 

STFM plus memory upgrade 

plus 1M Cumana drive would. 
come to approximately S477 (I 
didn't look for the cheapest prices 
around) whereas the 1040 STP is 
3480 and including a Cumana dri 
this would come to $619. So it looks 
as though you are right about the 
price advantage. 

As far as 1 know, the 520 with a 
RAM upgrade should behave ex- 
actly like а 1040 since the operat- 
ing system takes care of the addi- 
tional RAM when the machine 
boots up. 

Also, since pretty well all ST 
software comes on single density 
discs, it should all run from the 
internal drive. The only drawback 
with the system you propose is 
that you will not be able to boot 
from the external drive unless you. 
either fit the switch shown in P&P 
a couple of weeks back, or fit a 
double density disk drive (also in 
P&P a while back). 

As | have said before, my 
answers are all ‘as far as | know’ 
and I have been known to be wrong 
(ableit rarely) I would think that 
your best bet would be the 520 + 
upgrade + external drive since it 
seems a far better deal than the 
1040 external drive. 











Giving the boot 


A Bradshaw, of Chorley, Lancs, 
writes: 

e read а couple of times 
in your mag, people asking 
how to use auto running 

programs on 1 Meg disks when 
their STFM's always boot up on 
the built in } Meg drive. 

Pins 19 and 20 on the ҮМ2149 
sound-chip control the drives, 
switching these over, switches 
the boot drive. I have enclosed a 
drawing showing how to put a 
switch in, this allows either drive 
to be drive А. 

Fitting the switch means desol- 
dering the two pins, and cold 








soldering four wires, one wire to 
each of the pins, and a wire to 
each of the holes where the pins 
came from. These four wires are 
then taken out of the ST via the 
mouse/joystick port and at. 
tached to a DPDT (Double Pole 
Double Throw) switch. 

Anyone who wants the switch 
fitted but has little experience of 
soldering should get someone 
who is capable to do it for them. 


‘Thanks for the tip it is pretty 

obvious when you think 

about it, the only drawback is 
that the warranty will be invali- 
dated - but this is usually not too 
great a problem. 


The four corner] 





es н 
83 pins on the YM2149 
28 switch should 
8% be wired as 
š shom, corner 
Жала, саты: DIT Pim 19 & 20 
swich мызык 








19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 


POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY/35 





4 








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1040 5ТЕ £469.00 5М125 мломо £134.00 
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All ST prices include: mouse etc. PLUS 5 disks full 
of s'ware including demos, utility, wordpro & game 
Philips СМ8833 tires colour montoriwsT cable — £279.00 
(ONLY £269.00 f tought win an ST) 
Atari SC1224 Hi-res colur monitor £299.00 
Atari SMM804 Printer (Special, few only) £149.00 
1MEG MEMORY UPGRADE (темом) Є 59.00 


(Requires soldering, tree fitting H you buy а naw ST from us) 














" 10... Е 11.95 In 10 cap plastic 
Q.D asks ЖЛ £2788 ma eap pane 


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EVESHAM 
wores wHi asr 
Tel: 0386 765500 
‘Aino a: 1758 Pershore Ra Cotteridge, Birmingham B30 38H. Te 621 452 4364 





36/POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY 





THE PLAYERS TEAM ARE OUT LOOKING FOR 
YOU! 


CAN YOU WRITE COMMERCIAL QUALITY 
GAMES IN MACHINE CODE? 


Write in Smctest Confidence to: 
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PLAYERS SOFTWARE. CALLEVA PARK 
ALDERMASTON. 

BERKS. RG? AGW 


ог phone: (07356) 77424 (5 lines) 


19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 








output (i/o) systems to use on home 
microcomputers, the 6502 and 780 
types. This week I'l look at how to decode 
the address and data buses on the 780 
(8080 ete) to bring it up to a similar state 
is systems using w.i.m. chips. 
There are six main signals that have to 
be decoded to specify ап i/o access, the 
address bus which tells the hardware 
which part to use, the data bus where the 
information is read in or written out, the 
read and write lines which define the 


E week, I looked at the two basic input 











On the latch 


Kenn Garroch continues, in the 
second part of his series on inter- 
facing, to deal with aspects of 
decoding on the 280. 


byte of data on it ie, physically setting the 
8 lines to different states is not allowed as 
it would interfere with the rest of the 
system, 

To get around this a system known as 
TriState is used for any signals to be 
placed on the bus. АП chips designed to be 
interfaced directly to a data bus have tri- 
state outputs, and when they are in tri- 
state mode, are effectively invisible to the 
data bus as though they were physically 
switched off, not set high or low, 

When the processor is ready to receive 





ArT »— 





x 
| & /- with INP 











089 
4 RD 








Fig 1 - Port 63 read select logic for 280 
(actually for Spectrum) 


High w 


active. 











direction and the memory and iorq selects 
to separate memory from i/o. When an 
input or output instruction is come across 
by the processor the port number is placed 
оп the data bus, the memory request is 
sent high ie, deselect, the i/o request is set 
low and for an in, the read is set low and 
write high. For a write, the read and write 
signals are swapped and the data bus has 
the data to be written placed on it. 





Simple logic 

Some simple logie is needed to decode all 
of these signals into a single signal that 
foils the external hardware to become 
active, Because the data bus is constantly 
in use for memory access, simply placing a 





input, the tri-state can be disabled (also 
known as chip/device select) allowing the 
processor to read the information placed 
on the data bus. 





Decoding 


The logic circuit shown in Fig 1 is one 
way of decoding the various signals to give 
a signal that is used to disable the tri-state 
when the microprocessor is ready. To form 
a simple read/write port, the 8212 chip 
(Figs 2 and 3) can be used. This is simply 
an octal (8 lines) buffer that has tri-state 
and latching capabilities, It can be used for 
either input or ouptut depending on how it 
is wired up, When it is used as an output 
port, the latching facility becomes impor- 








PROGRAMMING- 


tant. Since the data is only available on the 
microprocessor's bus at the time it is 
written, the 8218 needs to store it so that 
any external circuitry can read it at any 
time. 


Latches 


For instance, when using the computer 
to control а set of lights (up to 8 Light 
Emitting Diodes or LEDs), each data line 
оп the bus defines one of them, Setting bit 
0 to 1 (БУ) turns the light on, and setting it 
to zero (OV) turns it off. 

Since the data bus is being used for a 
number of other things like reading and 
writing memory, reading the keyboard, ete, 
simply attaching the light to one of its bits 
will cause it to flash. To sustain the output 
sent with the OUT command, the byte that 
was sent out on the data bus has to be held 
їп the 8212 until it is changed by the 
computer. The latches perform this func- 
tion. Each of the C inputs is a clock that 
takes the state of D and passes it along to Q 
where it remains until another clock pulse 
is sent, or the latches can be cleared with a 
pulse on R. 





Device select 


There are two device select lines, 051 and 
DS2 and to disable the tri-state, 081 is set 


continued on page 38 b> 





yoo 
iT 
от 
007 
ов 
006 
05 


005 
рм 

004 
ав 
052 











Fig 2 - 8212 pinout 








19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 


POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY/37 


Үт 





r PROGRAMMING 








< continued trom page 37 


low, and DS2 high. For an output, they will 
always be in this position for an input (to. 
the processor) they are only set when 
needed. 

The advantage of having two select lines 
is that either a high select or low select can 
be used simply by setting the other line to 
its active state. 

The circuit in Fig 1 can be used to make 
the 8212 into an input port by taking the 
output of the last AND gate ie, select, and 
using it to control DS2, DS1 is attached to 
OV so that the output from the chip is 
placed on the data bus when DS2 goes high. 
At other times it is in tri-state mode, 


STB 


DIO 


он 





Inputs 

The inputs to the 8212 work according (C. 

the table in Fig 4, SEL is used to denote the 

DS lines in selected state ie, 051=0 & 
2 is SEL-1 and any other state is 


012 








DIZ 

There are other lines on the 8212 and 
examination of Fig 3 in conjunction with 
the truth tables shown last week should 
‚ом 





into an output port is a 
little more complicated as the data placed 
оп the data bus with the OUT command 
must be latehed so that it is available when 
the processor goes off to do other things, 

"The logie circuit in Fig 1 is changed so 
that write (WR) is used instead of read, 
MD is set to 0 and the select from the logic. 
goes to STB. As can be seen from the table 
in Fig 4, a transition of STB from | to Ü sets 
the output of the chip from straight 
through to latched data. 

So, when port 63 is selected with the ouÑ) 
command STB goes high and the data on 
the data bus goes straight through. 

After the command, STB goes low, and 
the data is latched so that it appears at the 
cursors until more is sent out. Obviously, 
the 8212 is changed around so that the DI 
lines come from the data bus, and the DO 


015 








016 


07 























lines are the output. n 
m 7 = STB MD SEL Data out is: 
Some simple logic is O O 0  Tri-state unseen by processor data bus 
needed to decode all of these 1 0 O Tri-state 
signals into a single signal O 1 O  Datalatch This is data that was latched in 
that foils the external 1 1 O — Datalatch 
hardware to become 0 0 1  Datalatch 
active . . . the logic 1 о 1 Data in Data input straight through to output. 
peit is о 1 1 Data in 
circuit is one way of i 1 т eme 


decoding that. 
Fig 4- truth table for 8212 

















38/POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY 19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 

















Spectrum 
Various 


J Collins 


ће following routines were sent in as a 

series by J Collins of London. They all use 

the same loader and so you will have to 
include lines 10-50 of the first one with them 
all. 

The first is Music which allows dual channel 
sound to be played. The syntax is: 

INPUT USR 60300 duration,note 1,note 2. 

Where the duration varies from 0-255. The 
routine starts at 60300 and is 45 bytes long. The 
loader is included in this listing to show how it 
works. 

The second routine is Bases and is used to 
convert and print decimal. numbers into the 
bases of 16 (hexadecimal), 2 (binary), and 8 
(octal), To convert the 8 bit number (0-255) to 
опе of these bases, use RANDOMISE n where n 
is the number. To print the number use LET 
XxeUSR 6140Y the last digit (Y) depends on 
Which base you want. Y=0 is hexadecimal, Y=3 
for binary, and Ү-б for octal. Use lines 10—50 


from the Music listing for the loader. Fade 
‘The third routine is Fade and is used to fade 
out any graphics on screen. The utility is called 5i al 
With RA NDOMISE USE БИЙ, 5 LET x-61600: LET y=61650: LET s=B 
‘The fourth utility (POKES) allows strings to 
DEM ie н. The. пулу fe the 1@@@ DATA 1,0,24,33,0,64,54,0,176 


routine is INPUT USR 61700,addr,string where 
addr is where the string will start and the 
string is a normal string ie, "This is OK" or p$ or 
pS2 TO 4) ete. 

Finally, Passord also involves string but this 
time in the guise of a password system that 
locks the Spectrum up until the correct pass- 
word is entered. The syntax is: INPUT USR 
01000 pass where pass$ is any form of string as 
described for POKES, Short of turning the 
computer off, there is no way out. 














-please wait" 
15 FOR n=x TO u STEP s: LET to 
20 FOR m-0 TO s-1: READ а 
25 POKE n*m.a: LET tot=tot+a 
3@ PRINT AT 2,0:n*m: NEXT m: READ toti 
35 IF tot<>tot1 THEN PRINT АТ 2.0; 
"Data error in line ":: GO TO 50 
40 NEXT n: PRINT AT 2.0;"Code created": 
STOP 
50 PRINT 1000+(((n-60000)/8)*5): STOP 














1000 DATA 
1005 DATA 240,58, 118,92,245, 
1010 DATA 31,205,237,239,241,230,15, 254, 1452] 


1015 DATA 
1020 DATA 81,92, 229, 245, 62. 
1025 DATA 22.241,215,225,34,81,92,201,1111 
1032 DATA 42,81,92,229,62,2, 
1035 DATA 22,58,118,9: 
1040 DATA 
1045 DATA 62,49.215,203,36,16,240,225, 1046. 
1050 DATA 34,81, 9: 
1055 DATA 62.2.205.1.22,58, 118, 92,560 
1080 DATA 245 
1065 DATA 48,215, 241,245,203, 6: 
1070 DATA 203,63, 230, 7, 198, 48 
1075 DATA 230.7, 198,48, 
1080 DATA 92,201, 0,0,0,0,0,0,293 


1005 DATA 205,203, 240,17. 7,0, 25,124,821 
1010 DATA 254,88, 
DATA 
1020 DATA 88, 1,255,2,58, 141,92, 119.756 
1025 DATA 237,176 
1030 DATA 


1015 


Poke $ 


5 LET x=61000: LET y=61053: LET == 
Music 
1000 DATA 231,205,140.28,205,241,43, 120, 1213| 
1005 DATA 254,0,32,8,121,50,104, 238, 807 
5 LET х=60200: LET u=60245: LET s-8 1010 DATA 254,0.32,2,207,11,33. 125, 664 
i СЗ + PRINT кве ЯБ up code 1015 DATA 238,235,237, 176,33, 125, 238, 6, 1288 


1020 DATA 3,253,203, 1,110, 40, 250, 253, 1113 
1025 DATA 203, 1,174,58,8,92, 190,32, 758 
1030 DATA 235.35,16,237,201,97, 97,97. 1015 


Password 


1530: 





1400: LET v: 


195,225, 239, 195,8, 240, 195, 44, 1341 
1,31,31.846 





10,56,2, 198,7, 198, 4B, 42, 561 
05,1,917 





05,1,714 
, 103, 6, B, 203, 610 
124,32,5,62, 48,215,24,3, 513 











201,42,81,92,229,852 





+ 198, 1096 
203, 63,1281 
15,241,1205 
15,225, 34,81, 1038 


Q3, 7,203, 7,230, 














2,38,64,11,120, 609. 
177.32, 235,33, 0, B8, 17, 1,583 





2@1,197,6,3@,16,254,1117 
193,201.0,0,0,0,0,0,39% 











1000 DATA 205, 121, 28,205,127, 28, 205, 148, 1869] 
1005 DATA 30,245,205, 148,30, 245, 205.148, 1256] 
1@1@ DATA 30,71, 241, 103,241, 111, 243, 229, 1269] 
1015 DATA 209,37, 32,5, 238, 16,211,254, 1002 
1020 DATA 98, 45,32, 245,238, 16,211,254, 1139 
1025 DATA 107,16, 238,251,201,0,2,0,813 





5 LET х=61700: LET u-61722: LET s-B 


1000 DATA 205,129.28.231,205.140,28,205, 1171 
1005 DATA 241,43,213, 197,205, 153, 30, 197, 1279] 
1010 DATA 209, 193, 225, 237, 176,201, 0,0, 1241 




















19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY/39 





-PROGRAMMING: C64 








READY. 


51200 
51208 
51216 
51224 
51232 
51240 
51248 
51256 
51264 
51272 
Size 

5128! 

51236 
51304 
51312 
51320 
51328 
51336 
51344 
51352 
51360 
51368 
51376 
51354 
51392 
51400 
51405 
51416 


READY. 


49152 
49160 
49168 
49176 
49184 
49132 
49200 
49208 
49216 
49224 
49232 





in next week's. 


READY. 


UFO 2 


Steven Pattullo 
ТЕ week is the second part of the arcade 


10 I-51200 
20 READ ñ:IF R-256 THEN ЕМО 
$0 POKE I,ñ:I=I+1:GOTO 20 


DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 


10 I=49152 
20 READ ñ:IF A=256 THEN END 
30 POKE I,A: I=I+1:GOTO 20 


DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 


game UFO 2. Last week's section should be 
named - in the order they were printed - 
RECON, SPRITE and CHARSET. 

The two sections in this week's and next 
week's issues should be typed in and named 
ALPHA CHARS, M CODE and UFO 2. 

Full loading and playing instructions will be 





255,255, 195, 195, 195, 195,255, 255 
248, 252,254, 239,258,255,231,231 
248 , 252, 284,239,254, 231,255,254 
120,252, 254,239, 224,227,255, 126 
248,252,254,239,231,231,255,254 
248,252,254,231,240,224,255,254 
248,252,254,231,240,224,224,224 
120,252,254,224,239,231,255,127 
224,228,230,231,255,231,231,231 
56,28,28,28,28,28,28,62 
120,124,30,31,28,220,252,120 
224,228,230,239,252,238,231,231 
224,224,224,224,224,224,255,255 
64,236,254,223,215,215,215,215 
128,196,230,247,255,255,239,231 
120,252,254,239,231,231,255,126 
248,252,254,239,255,254,224,224 
120,252,254,239,251,239,254,127 
245,252,254,239,255,254,238,231 
120,252,254,240,126,15,255, 126 
248,252,254,31,28,28,28,26 
224,225,230,251,251,231,255,126 
224,228, 230,2393, 238, 252,248,240 
192,196,214,215,215,255,255,110 
128, 196,238, 254, 124, 126,255,231 
224,228,230, 255, 126,30,252, 120 
120,252,254, 206,28, 14, 15,126 
24,24,24, 255,255,256 


163, 147,32,210, 255, 1563,0, 141 
32,208, 141,33,208, 120, 169, 127 
141,13,220, 163,64, 141,20,35 
163, 192,141,21,3,169,1,141 
26,208, 141,25,208, 163,255,141 
15,206, 173, 17,208, 41,127,141 
17,208,88,26,0,0,0,0 
9,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 
173,25,208,41,1,208,3,76 
49,234,141,25,208,173,15,208 
201,255,240,0,165,255,141,15 





49240 
49248 
43256 
49264 
49272 
45250 
45288 
49256 
43304 
49312 
49320 
43328 
49336 
49344 
43352 
43360 
49368 
49376 
49384 
49332 
43400 
43408 
49416 
49424 
49432 
43440 
49448 
49456 
49464 
49472 
43450 
43488 
43496 
49504 
49512 
49520 
49526 
49536 
49544 
49552 
49560 
49568 
49576 
49554 
45552 
45600 
42605 
45616 
43624 
43632 
45640 
43645 
43656 
45664 
49672 
45650 
43666 
49656 
43704 
43712 
43720 
43728 
43736 
49744 
49752 
43760 
49765 
49776 
49784 
49732 
49500 


DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 


DATA 41 


DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 
DATA 


208, 162,0, 160,0, 153,1, 141 
132,3, 189,60,3,201, 1,208 
3,75, 183,193, 201,2,205,3 
76.196,193,201,3,208,3,76 
224,193,201,4,208,3,76,242 
153,201,5,208,3,76,14,154 
201,6,208,3,76,27,194,201 
7,208,3,76,55,194,201,5 
205,3,76,73,134,200,200,24 
46,152,5,252,224,5,208,186 
169,0,141,187,3,173,3@,205 
41,1,201,1,208,5,169,1 
141,187,9,173,182,3,201,1 
208,118,173,0,220,201,126,240 
30,201,125,240,39,201,119,240 
48,201,123,240,62,201,118,240 
69,201,117,240,75,201,111,206 
87,76,201,194,76,56,193,169 
1,141,60,3,169,2,141,6Э 
3,76,56,193,169,5,141,60 
3,169,2,141,69,3,76,56 
193, 169,3,141,60,3,173,69 
3,201,2,240,43,238,69,3 
76,56, 193, 173,69,3,240,32 
206,69,3,76,56,193,169,2 
141,60,3,16>,2,141,63,3 
76,56,193,165,4,141,60,5 
169,2,141 76,56,193 
173,83,3,201,1,205,13,162 
1,173,82,3, 157,249, 193,232 
224,3, 205,248, 173, 15, 208, 41 
32,201,32,208,8, 173,21,208 
41,223,141,21,208,173,16,208 
,128,201,125,205,8,175,21 
208,41,127,141,21,205,169,0 
141,30,206, 1 
201, 132,208,8, 17: 
123,141,21,208, 1 
136,201,1 
41,119,141 
41,144,201, 
206,41, 111,141 
206,41,1,201 
1,141,187 
1,208, 
208.7 
253, 
















































101,134, 153,0,208, 75,157,192 
185,0, 208,24, 125,63, 3,144 
3,32, 101, 134, 153,0, 208,76 
157,192, 185,0, 208, 24, 125,63 
3,144,3,52, 101, 134, 153,0 
208,185, 1, 205,24, 125,563,3 
153, 1,208,76, 157, 192,185,1 
208,24, 125,693,3, 153, 1,208 
76,157,132, 185, 1, 208,24, 125 
62,3, 153, 1,208, 185,0, 208 
56,253,69,3,176,3,32,113 
134, 153,0, 208,76, 157,192,185 
0,208,565, 253,693,3, 176,3 
32,113, 194, 153, @, 202, 76, 157 
192, 185, 1,208, 56,253, 63,3 
153, 1,205, 185,0, 205, 56, 253 
63,3,176,3,32, 113,194, 153 
9,208,76,157,192,173,16, 208 
77,192,3,141,16,208,169,0 
36,173,16,2085,77,132,5,141 
16,208,173,16,208,45,132,3 
205,132,3,205,5,169,95,76 
140, 134, 163,255, 36, 2354, 234, 234 











c 

















40/POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY 


19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 


T 





PROGRAMMING: C64- 

















DATA 173, 16,206, 41,352,201, 32,208 1006 PRINT " — 7$4$$| pom 
DATA 8,173,16,205,73,82,141,16 <<<- erret n 

DATA 285,173,21,208,9,32,141,21 1008 PRINT" — 74444222222222 ВН 
DATA z08,169,7,141,65,5, 173,16 +++ enna an 

DATA 208,41,4,201,4,240,17,175 1010 PRINT" тар &ttttttttt +t 
DATA 4,208,253,29,141,10,208,173 +++ attt” (n 

ӘНІН 5,zU5,141,11,200,32, 17,195 1012 PRINT" 7447-9 ФИНЕ | ^ Re 
DATA 96,173,84,3,201,1,208,62 HHH ttt 

DATA 165, 144,141,255, 135,173, 16,208 1014 PRINT" —+4/44+++/_)))) yer Q+ ee 
DATA 41,126,201, 126,206,8,173,16 +++ éte" 














DATA 208,73,128, 141,16,208, 163,3 1016 PRINT" —+++++++ &+++++++++“&+++++ 
DATA 141,67,3,169,7,141,76,3 [ét HY 
DATA 173,0,208, 105,30, 141, 14,208 1018 PRINT" ' —4222222222 4 44449 Bt 
DATA 173,1,208,141,15,208,173,21 “ЖЕР? е" 
DATA 203,5,128,141,21,205,32,75 1820 PRINT" =))))4 +++++++++/4-, 
DATA 195, 169,0,141,84,3,76,56 hs de 
DATA 135, 162,24, 169,0,157,0,212 1024 PRINT Attol ++++7&; ССС 
DATA 202,203,250, 169, 15, 141,24,212 СӨРЕГЕ, 
DATA 169,50,141,5,212,169,130,141 1026 PRINT" dee Dee eere 
DATA 6,212,159,125,141,4,212,160 „зый 
DATA 0,162,0,140,1,212,140,0 1025 PRINT" ӨРЕЛ ЛЫ 
DATA 212,232,224,100,208,245,200,192 %-2224":созив 35000:FORF=1T05 
DATA 65,208,226, 169,0,141,24,212 1023 FORN=5® TO 1@@STEPZ:POKE 5+4,33:РОКЕ 
DATA 96, 162,24, 169,0,157,0,212 5жі,М:РОКЕ S,M:MEXTM,F POKES+24, @ 
DATA 202,205,250,169,15,141,24,212 1030 FOR М-51194 TO 51196:POKEN, 131: NEXT 
50008 DATA 155,10,141,5,212,169,130,141 POKE 51197,139:РОКЕ 242,10 
50016 DATA 6,212,169,17,141,4, 212,160 1034 POKE 850, 131:POKE 950,1:POKE 951,1: 
50024 DATA 65,162,0,140,1,212,140,0 POKE 832,7 
50032 DATA 212,232,224,100,208,245,136,205 1035 POKE 841,2:РОКЕ 632,7:РОКЕ8З7,2 
50040 DATA 240,169,0,141,24,212,36,256 POKE 51192, 143 
1040 POKE ¥+1,150;POKE V,7O 
READY. 1050 POKE у+3,160:РОКЕ V+2, 80 


1060 POKE V+40,0:POKE V+26,253 
1090 POKE V+21,17:X=0:POKE V+16,16 
READY. 1095 POKE ¥+9,150:POKE V+6,100 
1100 FOR N=i TO 30:GOSUB 25: NEXT 
1105 POKE у+5,11Э:РОКЕ ү+4,240:РОКЕ V+?, 
@ REM IF SIMON FROM DEVON READS THIS THEN 183 РОКЕ V46,240'PDKE 841,4 
CONTACT STE С TYE LOST YOUR ADORESS 1110 POKE V+21,25:POKE 630,7:РОКЕ 831,7 
1 DIM ASS): DIM Z(S):8$C1 )- " ТЕМЕН POKE 523,2:POKE 840,2 
PRTTULLO":A$(2)-"OUR SNOOKER MOB" 1120 IF PEEK(555)=1 THEN 62000 



















































2 A$(3)="KEV ОЙ" ASC4="KENT MURRAY" 1135 IF (PEEK(Y+16 ANDI 5=1 AND РЕЕКСУУ» 
AS(S="GAZZA JONES" POKE 43873,145 бә THEN GOTO 2000 
3 scce 1136 GOSUB 25 
4 FOR Net TO S:Z(N)-500 = NEXT 1137 X=%+1:IF ХагФ THEN SYS 49606: xX=0 
r 5 POKE 535,3.POKE 540, 1138 IF (РЕЕКСУ%30 )RND1325-132 THEN 
POKE 55270,24:PRINT "И" :РОКЕ 53282,14 POKE ¥+21,PEEK(¥+21 )-4 
POKE 55283;6:РОКЕ 43573, 144 1140 GOTO 1120 
> 60508 19@00:5c=0 2000 PRINT "MPM" FOR N-51154 
10 POKE Y+21,0 POKE $1193,146:FORN-704 ТО TO 51195-POKE M, 140: NEXT: SC-SC. 
T19:POKE М,@:МЕХТ:РОКЕ 51192, 143 Ze0z PRINT"  WZAZAZWZWZATRCAETINTA TETTE 
11 POKE У%27,0 BARRE RL" 
£0 FOR М=ЗЭ TO 46:POKE V4M,7:MEXT:POKE 2004 PRINT"  QOKOkOkOROROROROEOROROROROROK 
W476 (EORR CI" 
21 GOTO 100 2006 PRINT"g; 422442244 DIES 4442 424 
25 IF (PEEK(Y+30)AND132)=132 THEN POKE 
W421, PEEKCV421 )-4 2008 Hebe 4e 2244 4A I 4 24A AA 
26 IF (РЕЕКСУжЗ1 2АМО1 )=0 THEN 62000 +++ een 
27 IF «3555-1 THEN 62000 Z010 PRINT"WZ 4444022 44774427 2 424 44444 
28 RETURN Pat ану 
20 FOR М=837 TO 844:РОКЕ N,2: 2@12 PRINT" CH 44447222 442744272 2 4422 4244 
MEXT:POKE 842,6 ока 
100 PRINT "д" 2014 PRINT"MZ НУЛЕ EE ttt 
ЭЭЭ PRINT "ЮЕШ": Х=@:РОКЕ 652, 1:POKE 2+++++++ 
51192,144:POKE 61197,159 2016 WO ELLE PEED LI IID CLIO 2) $ 
1000 PRINT" PSSESESEES ISS Zacke" 
#55 175551" 2®ї& PRINT" BLAZE ZH ZAIRE ELA CADIT 
1802 PRINT" Eee 9| +++ ee RAVENA 
MR err 2 2020 PRINT"  CkOkOKOROROEOROEOROROR EO OR 
1004 PRINT" dk DERBI ET. ORC 
aad het 


continued on page 42 pe 




















19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY/41 

















-PROGRAMMING: C64 


< continued тот page 41 





FOKE vV,20:POKE V«2,30:POKE У%16,28:РОКЕ 852,1 

FOKE Уж21;29:ХшФ:РОКЕ 841,2 

FOKE 839,2:POKE 840,2 

POKE ¥+5,150:POKE У%4,100 

FOKE У%7,150:РОКЕ У%6,100 

POKE У%9,15Ф:РОКЕ v«5,100 

FOR М=1 TO 500:МЕХТ 

FOKE 531,8:РОКЕ 840,5 

РОКЕ 832,6:РОКЕ 841,5:РОКЕ 839,4 

IF (РЕЕКСУ%16)ЯМО1 2-і AND РЕЕКСУ)280 THEN GOTO 3000 
60508 25 

Жі:ІҒ X=1@ THEN SYS 43606: 
IF (РЕЕКСУжЗ0 )AND132 )=132 THEN POKE ¥+21,PEEK(Y+21 )-4 
IF РЕЕК(955)-1 THEN 62000 

GOTO 2145 

IF (PEEK(¥+3@ )RND132 
PRINT "ТТ" FOR 
PRINT" 4... 
PRINT" АШ 
PRINT" — ^$$$| тен 
PRINT" — 7+++++| 222 9%%$®%ЖЕБЕБЕРЕ+Н+++++++" 
PRINT" S$$+++4++++/ $$$ 7 ELA утын 











S£ THEN POKE V+21,PEEK(V+21)-4 
|=51194 TO 51196:РОКЕ М,142:МЕХТ 





а 





N 





7$$$54$" 


PRINT! ERE. нн УДЕО ИН ET ttt ttt! 
PRINT! ebbe eh e t+ CRORE EEE" 
PRINT" +4400 )ж++++2 0007 HES HELMS MEET 
PRINT! ууф eee COCOS RRRREH 
PRINT" hee -)))0)))))0c 
PRINT" -»» —————— 


== -)))) 










М+16,252:РОКЕ ¥,Z0:POKE V42,30 

POKE 830,7:F0R N-839 TO 841:POKE М,2:МЕХТ-РОКЕ V421,253 
1,7: YX=0 

as2,7 

У+5,10@:РОКЕ У%4,150 

Y+7, 150: POKE ¥46,50 

POKE ү+9,200:РОКЕ ¥+8, 130 

IF Y=0 THEM POKE 830,6:POKE 832,8:РОКЕ840,1 

GOSUB 25 

IF РЕЕК(955)-і THEN 62000 

IF THEN POKE 830,8:POKE 832,6:РОКЕ 84@,2 

5 ОҢ X=15 OR Х=25 OR X: 
M=@ OR Х=1@ OR X=ZO OR X=3@ OR 







5 THEN v=o 
Q THEN Y=1 








+1 


PROGRAMMING: ST 


Bload D$(P2),Varptr (A$) 


: 
Film Show Бона De Pi arate 


D Eaton TECUM 





AS=AS+LEFtS (AS, 34) 








PRINT! +448 EA /+++++/ KCN CORE tet к 


ФРЕЕКСУ%16 )ВМО1 )=1АМО PEEK(V)>7@ THEN GOTO 4000 к 


week's GFA Basic program - a Degas 


Т: is the continuation and end of last Procedure Col 
п 





picture show util 


Procedure Rd buff 








Void Xbios(5,L:Varptr(Colr$)) 
Return 


Procedure Fixit 
On Error Gosub Fixit 


























FiX-Fiuzei Tz-Fatel 
F$=Mid$(Buf$,31, Instr (31, Buf$,Chr$(0))-31) 14 TZ=-1 
DS (Fi%)=F$ Resume Start 
Return 
2 Endif 
Procedure Get_pic Run 
Sget A$ Return 
A2/POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY 19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 

















MICRO-FILE 


FOR SALE | 




















































MICROWARE COMPUTER SERVICES ED 
AS 2 ILLINIETAR 
AMIGA HARDWARE € = mutts 

‘Amiga 500 inc. Deluxe Paint modulator & Starter Pack £449 o" 

Amiga 500 inc. Deluxe Paint modulator & Starter Pack & 1081 Colour 

Medium res monitor £738 

Amiga 500 inc. Deluxe Paint modulator & Starter Pack + NEC 3j" Dise 

Drive £559 

Amiga 800 ine Deluxe Paint modulator Starter Pack + 1081 Monitor & NEC 

disc £845 

PERIPHERALS 

1081 medium res. colour monitor £329 

Philips АТНАЗ med. tes. colour monitor stereo £279 

Phiips 8852 med/hi res. colour monitor stereo £319 

NEC 3)” 880K disc driva £129 

512K RAM expansion with clock £99 

Diggi view II with ABOO. t189 

Easy drawing tablets for ABO. £289 

20М6 hard disc for A 1000. £669 

2Mb RAM expansion for A 1000. £410 

ATARI HARDWARE 

Atari STM with Mb disc drive, mouse and software £279 

Atari STM as above + mono monitor £369 

1040 STF TMb drive mono monitor 24K RAM £499 

Atari XE and computer games consul with joystick. £79 

Specirum Pius 2 e129 

8 BIT HARDWARE 

Commodore 64 package includes Computer data recorder joystick, 11 top 

james £159 

бапта B4 + 1841€ disc dive + joystick & Ti games. £299 

1541C disc drive £159 
Commodore musie expansion үт £99 si т 

оттодое Sound sampler £69 t last, о high speed version of the classic 
Atari XE computer games consul with game and joystick £79 
THIS IS ONLY A VERY SMALL SELECTION OF OVER 250 PRODUCTS. game is available for the Amstrad РС! 
PLEASE PHONE FOR CHRISTMAS SPECIAL OFFERS. 
: Available ot good software retailers or send cheque /PO 
PO Box 2, Skegness, Lincolnshire PE25 20L. Tel: 0754 610217 mode payable to ILUMITABLE, 14 Clausentum Rood, 
c ration » , Portswood, Southampton 502 OAZ. 
Deoler Enquiries Welcome. | 

















MICRODRIVE AND INTERFACE OFFERS 


Express Service - order by phone. Free C.0.D. service over £20 in UK. 







STORT SOFT OFFER STARTER PACK 1 
If you have an ATARI 8-bit system, why not part "MMe алы 
exchange your hardware/original software for STARTER PACK 2 





an exciting new ST system from STORT SOFT. ‘Two Microdrive units, Interface 1 plus a demonstration cartridge. Delivered for only £83.50. 
Ring with full details or just drop us a line EXTENSION PACK 


Write for more information. Cheques etc: STORT SOFT (International SOM EUM C ЕР ар R STE 


orders remit in pounds Sterling by bank drat or international money order and send СААРА 
Amt qued wich ий a ne of VAT ha cud el pog. Was Р ео ке 






















fut quote in any other currency) "Mate cer paaie w Age Tcl 
en irs ER рий Doo, 
‘ACCESS/MASTERCARD/EUROCARO/VISA accepted wirst si Wi rd petl tue sm alit кой o tt ane 
CRÉDIT CARD ORDER UNE - 0279 89503. pi 
24 HOURS A DAY, 7 DAYS À WEEK - VAT & P P INC. NO HIDDEN EXTRAS — Debe tock at imme ot gong o уйи, nta cry manufacturers“ 1987s симе, 








WHAT YOU SEE IS WHAT YOU PAY 
18 CROWN CLOSE, SHEERING, BISHOP'S STORTFORD OEOD TECH HOM 


HERTS CM22 7NX өю Tol: 076341754 (522, 



















ADVERTISING RATES FOR MICRO-FILE 


Semi Display £8 per single column centimetre (+VAT) 
Lineage 35p per word (+VAT) 


CALL SUSANNAH KING, ROBERT COLE or TIM OWEN on 
01-834 1717 FOR SEMI DISPLAY ADVERTISING 















19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY/43 























CRIBBAGE 


The popular pub game six card cribbage is now 
available for the Spectrum 48K/128K 
Features include: 

IMPRESSIVE FULL COLOUR 
PLAYING CARD GRAPHICS 
100% MACHINE CODE 
TWO LEVELS OF PLAY 
AUTOMATIC SCORING 
HELP OPTION FOR BEGINNERS 
Six card cribbage is suitable for both beginners and 
experienced crib players and comes with full 
instructions and rules of the game. 

ж ж Ж Ж MONEY BACK GUARANTEE Ж Ж Ж Ж 


If you are not delighted with six card cribbage then 
simply return the tape within 5 days and your cash 
will be refunded 


ЖЖЖЖ ЖЖЖЖ ЖЖЖ x X 
Send cheque or postal order for £6.95 to 
ESEM SOFTWARE 


y Road, Patchway, Bristol BS12 5PH 
Tel: 0272 236064 





YOUR LAST CHANCE TO BUY: 
* SPECTRUM 
зк + 55495 ак... 
RECONDITIONED, TESTED, AS NEW. 
ALPHACOM 32 PRINTERS 


EXPANSION PACKS.. 
INCLUDES MICRODRIVE, I/FACE 1, BOOKLET, NET- 
WORK LEAD, INSTRUCTION CARTRIDGE AND FLEX. 


„£14.95 


£42.00 


£59.95 


MICRODRIVES wrrs SOLID CONNECTOR... £24.95 


SUPADRIVE UTILITY . 
FORMATS TO LOOK, FINDS FILES ETC. 


£7.95 


ACCESSORIES 


MICRODRIVE FLEX CONNECTOR 
MICRODRIVE SOLID CONNECTOR 
NETWORK LEAD.. 

DEMO-INTRO CARTRIDGE. 
CARTRIDGE BLANKS (10). 
CARTRIDGE SINGLE. 


POWER SUPPLIES 
SPECTRUM AND SP+ (1400mA). 
128K (1880mA). 


* RS 232 PRINTER LEADS 
MINIMUM ORDER £10; UNDER £35 ADD £2 P.&P. OVERSEAS 
ADD £4. TERMS C W O. OR VISA. 
ORDERS TO EEC LTD, 18-21 MISBOURNE HOUSE, 
CHILTERN HILL, CHALFONT-ST-PETER, 
BUCKS SL9 9UE. Tel: 0753 888866. 











KENT BARGAINS. 
ATARI ST and COMMODORE software 
SPECIALISTS IN BBC. AMIGA AND AMSTRAD 
Master Compact.. "nb 


— BUSINESS 01 
Amstrad PC1512.... ... SAVE £100 


— BUSINESS PACK 













BUY A PRINTER AND 
WE PAY THE 





EDUCATIONAL SOFTWARE A SPECIALITY 


Lighthouse VU Service 
4 Park Avenue, Deal. Tel: (0304) 362049 


вз) 





CROWN COMPUTERS! 
ANY PRICE AND WE WILL MATCH ITI! 
In Stock now 





Atari 520 STEM 269.95 
Amiga 500 Sports Bundle 519.00 
NEW 
PC 1640 Mono Single Drive 539.95 
PC 1640 Colour Single Drive. 699.95 
PWW 9512 Mono/M Daisy Printer + Software ..... 539,95 
PC 1512 Mono Single Drive. 445.45 


= 


PC 1512 Colour Single Drive 
‘Commodore, Amstrad, Spec 10% off RRP 


6 High Street, 
Boston, Lincs. 
Tel: (0205) 53611 


Phone now for orders! ГЕЛ 


599.00 











OL JOYSTICK — £7.99 
Plugs directly into CTRL 1/2.2 Firing Buttons. 
“Probably the best | have seen” QL World 2/87 


QL HOUSEWIFE — £5.99 
“А general planner for shopping and meal control 
interesting and useful” QL World 2/87 


u INVESTMENT MONITOR — £19.99 
$ The ideal method for controlling all your 


Come and see us on Stand 30 at the ZX Microfair, December 12th 


For further details send S.A.E. for DJW News 
Order direct from: 


DJW SOFTWARE 


(PCW), 11 Pound Close, Bramley, Hants RG26 5BL 





or ‘phone 0256 81701 
Overseas orders please add £2 ЕЗ 
























































MAKE YOUR MICRO EARN! 


Yes, making money Becomes incidental when you know how. 

Your micro is, if only you knew it, a gold mine. The size and make 

is irrelevant. Маке the initial effort NOW by starting your own 
HOME BASED BUSINESS 

REMEMBER: You'll never get rich by digging someone else's 

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many and varied. Full or part time. For FREE details send 8.A.E. 


to: 
ү HOME BASED 
(| Z Ў BUSINESS 
x 97 PILTON PLACE (Pcw 8) 
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44/POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY 


19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 ` 











FOR SALE 





£399. 00 + free modulator 


AUTUMN OFFERS FROM CITY CENTRE 


AMIGA A500 (with modulator) s. £399 
COMMODORE 64/Vic 20 power packs £11.50 


DISCS! DISCS! DISCS! DISCS! 


All discs come complete with labels 


3.5” ds/dd discs 10... 

3.5" ds/dd discs 25 

3.5" ds/dd discs 50 

3.5” ds/dd discs 100 (plus free lockable disc box)... £93 
3.5” ds/dd discs 200 (plus two lockable disc boxes)£ 183 
3,5" ds/dd discs 500 (plus five lockable disc boxes)F447 


Lockable disc box — for 80+ 3.5" discs 
Disc labels 1,000 for 
Plastic library case holds 10 


Prices include VAT and carriage in the UK 





£££££fff££f£ft£f£t£f£ff£ffff 


REEELELELELELELELELLELELELELELE 


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How to start — services to others — going full 
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but you have to act NOW. You're risking 
nothing because we promise a full refund in 
the unlikely event of you not being 10096 
satisfied. So order your copy today by send- 
ing your cheque/PO for just £9.95 to: 


| SPECIAL OFFER | Compass 
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order before 46-63 Wroxham 
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CHRISTMAS BARGAINS - WE WERE NOT THE FIRST ТО DROP PRICES, BUT NOW WE 
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ATARI 520 STFM - £269.95 

hee miles тоне UE langon де cere кзз ын ance uda fe 
AMIGA A500 - £469.95 

Aor Wen Ron ble Ap Bas ier fat duc Pe ten ih ds Der pd 


PLUR Fi a RES PRESE FREIEN 


COMMODORE C64 SPORTS PACK — £169.95 
ré дин: дей Cb, Commode CIN сизин өй. кулу, Dots sr Vl bag. Bary 
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FREI Doring November inroduetion to Ваве рөп 1 
Sra on ine or 





MAIL-CENTA 
17 Camp Stet, Вари, Denis DES JAP. Talaphane: 077 382 6830. 


ШЕ Me res талша ng істелді тезен М eir 
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ALL DISCS INCLUDE ENVELOPES, TABS AND LABELS, 
SENT BY RETURN, INCLUSIVE PRICE 
NO QUIBBLE GUARANTEE 


ChequesjPO to: 












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Used Computer % 


















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Tau Pan 1 617.99 





We have such good deals on all software we just dare not 
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A NEW GENERATION AID TO 
dBASE PROGRAMI WRITING 













1. PRODUCE PROFESSIONAL QUALITY 
SYSTEM DOCUMENTATION 
А ы эзе Ба one bh итии ges ениреп бе gc 








"ow th QUANTUM та cm menm рісі жемі, 3. PRINTOUT PROGRAMS 


SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS 
Ж йй np wr TS ed p c А 
Бара 

UPDATE POLICY; 

ee 










БЕТ 
"пилик SYSTEM STHUCTURE сият 
FA ANALYSE DATABASES AND ПЕ 
FA DATABASE AND INDEX MATORNG. 
FS ANALYSE ЕГЕТЕМ МОЛЯ 

ESC) MAN мені 


"ns 
пан те ата Mia wire wen M en d prc “ 


аз mt чш venera qim wa мезі um whos CUSTOMER LIAISON POLICY: 
We a totas таа we sz comas ex wé көсем ay 
WA caido su умы Coran wi mde a е. 





2. PROPERLY INDENT CODE MESE C u ааыа PUTUCENCEPONCY н з 
Shp con а ин) би лан пат мі mapa oan dicm ае key ur саду A ere эз MEM қа еб мен SITE LICENCE POLICY: 
Был tag a a ecto beast p E 

роп wil Муў! “suspect” programa ГІ = блай 











IF YOU UNDERSTAND THIS, THIS PRODUCT IS A MUST! 
QUANTUM 


Brief description: 1. Produces pro/system documentation. 2. Highlights possible system bugs. 3. Simple to use menu driven format with on-lir 
help. 4. Works with either single or entire hierarchy. 5. Automatic user controlled indentation. 6. Use with dos/2 XX or line. 7. Not copy protected. 





Contact: Virgina Flagg, Brigitte Neese & Associates any time, for more info on this exciting mew product. 
53 OSBORNE TERRACE, STACKSTEADS, BACUP OL13 8JY. TEL: 0706 876072 (568) 


STORT SOFT 


ATARI MAIL ORDER SPECIALISTS 




















35" SPECIAL OFFERS 
INCREDIBLE LOW PRICES! 25 55/00 135 TPIMFIDD) 8 80 or 60/90 ledig dise bor | (1500 
% 53/00 135 TPIMF 100) A во er 60/30 жың ac bor £58.95 
ALL DISKS CARRY А NO QUIBBLE REPLACEMENT GUARANTEE ARE CERTIFIED 38 08/00 135 ТРІМР200 & 80 er 6/30 lacking dac hor | £38.96 
100% ERROR FREE AND COME WITH LABELS, 51" ALSO HAVE SLEEVES AND 50 0$/00 135 ТРИМР200) & 80 or 60/90 lacking dise box £65.00 
WRITE PROTECTS. FLIP SIDED DISCS HAVE TWO INDEX HOLES AND TWO 135tpi unbranded 10 25 EJ 100 00 10 
NOTCHES, PE @ 
sm) — ns m s 19% 
—— 05/00 (M200) — 119 Dr 
25 SS 48TPI 5.25" DISCS 8 100 CAP LOCKING DISC BOX £16.00 ATARI ST 1 MEGABYTE £139.00 
50 SS 4ВТРІ 5.25" DISCS & 100 CAP LOCKING DISC BOX £25.00 AMIGA 1 MEGAB) £129.00 





100 SS ABTPI 5.25" DISCS 8 100 CAP LOCKING DISC BOX £39.95 
25 DS 48ТРІ 5.25" DISCS 8 100 CAP LOCKING DISC BOX £17.00 
50 DS 48TPI 5.25" DISCS 8 100 CAP LOCKING DISC ВОХ £26.50 











100 DS ABTPI 5.25" DISCS & 100 CAP LOCKING DISC BOX £42.00 520 STM. SF354 (} meg ne) £27998 
520 SIM. S34 [Ime ve) сюе 
51 DISCS FROM AS LITTLE AS 33 PENCE 520 SIM, SF354  $М125 mano monitor £37495 
520 SIM. 53148 SM 125 us 
IK 5 1/4" DISK: 1040 STF & SM125 mana montor ES 
ma sasa Mega ST (2 megabyte RAM А 1 mep дле) £845.00 
DISK NOTCHER FREE WITH EACH 100 DISKS PURCHASED Мер ST (2 megabyte RAM 8.1 meg Sve) 8 5125 153500 
юа Meg ST ( пери RAM В 1 теў $w £109 00 
UNBRANDED TRIAL 10 25 50 100 ре rase Mega ST repe RAM ! meg ve) а SM125 сї 
S948 TPI PASO. £900 £1700 f2300 ^ £550 Arcane with en ust cvs! AI STs cone vitt 5 publie тал ding CPM 
DTP кү ЗЕТ ТТТ [аи ed rt цит, $ y oy py Ono ыы 
0998 TPI £650 £1200 £21.00 £37.00 — £750 20 STM ONLY canes win 1и Mord word processor and pling ми, 
0586 TPI FUP SIDED £700 £1400 £2200 £3800 #800 
MMCRIPSUEDDSUOTH £8.95 #2000 43800 £70.00 4955 
MIMIC HGH DENSITY me £23.00 £5200 610000 £180.00 62400 SI^ DISCNÜTCNR қайты сора ока ийди белі. m 
DISK CLEANING KITS Lad ra arai tpe - Protect your valle software 
LOCKING DISK BOXES Eu bari ERI аз 
Size /aSTRAD 1512 0 CENTRONICS PRINTER LEAD Í2 mates) 
5" HOLDS 50 £195 51“ HOLDS 100 caas RM MEM LAD Deed ү fs 
3j" HOLDS 40 £795 60/90 (HOLDS 603" w 3031)£895 BATTERY POWERED MINLVAC - for keyboards, printers ек ЕІЯ 








„Just write for more information. Cheques ete. payable to STORT SOFT (International orders rent in pounds String by bank draft or international money order and send amount quoted which 
wil be excusi of VAT but ince абдбопа postage. Write for quote in any other currency) 
ACCESS/MASTERCARD /EUROCARD /VISA accepted. CREDIT CARD ORDER LINE - 0279 89508 
24 HOURS A DAY, 7 DAYS A WEEK - VAT 8 P P. INC. NO HIDDEN EXTRAS — WHAT YOU SEE IS WHAT YOU PAY 


18 CROWN CLOSE, SHEERING, BISHOP'S STORTFORD, HERTS CM22 7NX 












» 











= 


FOR SALE 








Z88 FROM 
SECTOR SOFTWARE 


288 computer .......... 
QL Z88 file transfer 
Mains adaptor 

32K RAM pack 
128K RAM pack 
32K Eprom.. 

128K Eprom..... 
PC 288 link . ` 
Eprom eraser with in built in timer 
RS 232 printer lead ...... 
Parallel printer interface 
BBC to Z88 link. 
ll) 4 rechargeable batteries 
Battery charger ........ s 
Diconix 150 portable printer . 
Portable battery powered printer .... 


£287 
£23 
£10 
£20 
. £80 
£20 















39 Wray Crescent, 
Ulnes, Walton, Leyland, Lancs. PR5 3NA 
= 0772 454328 








Learn “С, the modern computer language. 
From ‘what is a computer? to ‘pointers to. 
dynamic structures’, you will learn how to 
write commercial quality software at your 
own pace, and in easy stages. 


You will have a personal tutor to answer 
your queries and solve your problems, 


‘This friendly course comes in ten parts, and 
is offered at the 


SPECIAL XMAS PRICE..... £99.50 


STONE SOFTWARE, FREEPOST, LONDON SE7 7YZ 


AM Prices inode VAT and postage, 
ALL TRADE ENQUIRIES WELCO 


M.D.S. Computer Sur lies 
11 Church hal tater РИА, 
24-hour Credit Card Hotline 
08206 23477 
Enquiries — Tel: 08206 23399 
А Division of венци Enterpiom Lid. 











NEW AND USED BARGAINS 


WANTED ALL TYPES OF HOME COMPUTER 
EQUIPMENT 


$ TOP PRICES PAID 


WE ESPECIALLY REQUIRE THE FOLLOWING: 
Commodore 64 
Commodore Plus 4 
Spectrum 48K 
Spectrum 128K 
MPS 801 Printer 
CBM 1541 Disc Drive 


WORKING OR NOT 


FOR IMMEDIATE QUOTE TELEPHONE 
0602 410 493 


NO TIME WASTERS 


SOFTWARE CITY (PCW) 
173 Mansfield Rd. 
Nottingham NG1 3FR 


Tel: (0602) 410493 








sem 


SOFTWARE CITY BARGAINS SOFTWARE CITY BARGAINS 








80 TRACK / DS DD 51" 
HALF HEIGHT DISC DRIVES 











Uncased bare drive I еннен, OOO 


Drives in cream metal cases. Ls £70 
Cased drive with connecting leads to suit BBC 
micro. PPH SEE а, revo £74.95 


Special Offers on IBM compatible add-ons 
Few only 
Olivetti plug in 20 megabyte hard card ... 
Racal CP2123 plug in modem сат... 
Teac 40 track 05/00 bare drives, black fronted... £60 
AT and T CDC Wren 1 36mb hard disc drives (abu) 
(uncased) .... 
Money back if not satisfied and Ese undamaged ao 7 
days. Callers welcome Mon-Fri 9-! 


Pinboard Computers Ltd, 


Unit 9, Bondor Business Centre, Prices include VAT, packing 
London Rd, Baldock, and parcel post. 
Herts 567 6N 














iG 
Tel: (0462) 894410 


жәл 























FOR SALE 





AMIGA A500 NOW IN STOCK 
FOR ONLY £429 





AMIGA PACK 1 INCLUDES 
1.2 Ж Very First Steps Tutorial 
£429.95 


Amiga А500 x Deluxe Paint Ж Workbench 








AMIGA PACK 2 INCLUDES 


First Steps Tutorial 





Amiga A500 + 1901 Colour Monitor Ж 
Deluxe Paint Ж Workbench 1.2 Ж Very 








MORE PACKS AVAILABLE, PHONE FOR 
DETAILS. 


AMIGA HARDWARE 


Commodore PC 

Ani 200. y 
XT Big Сай (Апан 2000) 
Internal 1 Meg Disc Drive (Amiga 2000) 
1010 External Disc Drive... 
Amiga Internal 1 Meg Upgrade.. 
Triangl 1 Meg Disc Drive... 

Cumana 1 Meg Disc Drive...» 
‘Amiga (2000) 2 Meg RAM expansion... 
Commodore 64 C pack 


wo £1259.25 
£573.85 
£228.85 
... £286.85 
£113.85 














Tib es 





£159.00 


Now in stock SEGA Master Systems £99, + software now in stock 


AMIGA SOFTWARE 


King's Quest (3 pack) ‘Araa/Braticus 
Barbarian Diablo 
Gold Runnar ‘Aten Sii 
Тотаройз Mouse Trop 
Putos 
Road War 2000. 
oral 
5 Hunt For Red October 
Skyfighter 
бш 


Space Ranger 
Tho Fea Trp. 

Grand Sam Тө 

King's Quest Triple Pack. 
King's Quest 1/2/3. 


Doop Space. 


BUSINESS SOFTWARE 
Word Perfect . 
Super Base .. 


More Software than we can show please ring. 








LEARN CHESS 


Sinclair Spectrum 48K + 128K +2 

2 massive programs, using approximately 80K 
of memory, teach everything that the beginner 
needs to know to play the fascinating game of 
chess at club level. 

^... Very comprehensive .. .” (Sinclair User). 
“1 An excellent implementation ...” (Ocean). 


RRP: £9.95 Mail order: £6.95 from: 


COXSOFT 


31 Fullwell Avenue, Barkingside, ford, Essex 105 2HB 
Tel 01-505 3822 
Please allow 28 days for delivery. 
Trade enquiries welcome. sm 











bridgeworth, 





Office automation at a price that is affordable. 
Lease an Amstrad PC1640 DD-MD + Ерзоп 
printer + wordprocessor + spreadsheet, for 
under £7.00 per week. 

As an approved dealer for Amstrad. Epson. Seikosha, Star, Olivetti 
etc.. we offer free unbiased advice on various machines and software. 

Our sales team can demonstrate any machine anywhere in Britain and | 
will advise you on which of our eight different leases will suit your needs 

best. CONTACT US TODAY FOR A FREE QUOTATION. 
NATIONWIDE NEXT DAY DELIVERY ж CONSUMABLES Ж FREE TAX & 
FINANCIAL GUIDANCE ж CONTINUO. IONERY Ж 24 hr MAINTENANCE 
сом 


PCW 9512 in stock £499 + VAT (including FREE maintenance) 
SPECIAL OFFER - ATARI STFM £274.00 
AMIGA A500 £439.00 inc. УАТ & P.P. modulator + software, 














JACKPOT 1 


The ultimate pools development program 
for the ATARI ST 


Analyses every team's past perfor forecasts the results 
Three tuning levels. Not only draws but ay wins. Create 
your own league tables with teams f can develop. 
your own plans with any number of Xols coupon. 
I be, if a 

of plans аге 

° permutations and 
anything that requires you to fore s from any number of 
Selections up to 991. Also keeps a file of every week's score draws for 

useful manipulation. B colour 


ONLY £24.95 (inc. VAT & P.&P.) 
Send cheques or postal order to: 
FUTURESOFT 


11 Meath Close, Hayling Island 
Hants PO11 ЭОМ 








We are a Commodore appointed dealer 


All trade enquiries welcome 








BLANK DISCS 


2i 
£21.50 £49.95 
Trade enquiries welcome 


10 
£10.95 





Lockable disc boxes 3.5" holds 80 








Spend cvor £50 on Software and get a Free Celculator 





11 Silk St, Leigh, Lancs WN7 1, 
Phone now for det: 
Cheques and P/Orders payable 


jelcome in showroom. Send S. 


SOUND N VISION [2%] 


AW. 
— Tel: (0942) 673689 
und N Vision PAP. VAT INCLUDED 








Athene Consultants 


33 Holly Grove, Fareham, Hants PO16 7UP. Tel: 0329 282083 









Tete dened ы 
Күр er 
pel 

"eti nnt d беш көт lom pice. жа P te. 


/ Athene Consultants 
HK ‘Dept (POP, 33 Holy Grove, Fareham, Hants POTS 
Z TUP. Ta 0329 282083 Pret MBX 329282063 
) CALL FOR THE LOWEST PRICES FOR QUANTIY WIL. vam 




















SPECIAL OFFERS 
* EXCEPTIONAL VALUE 
* 
25x525; Ds-po DISCS 
100 CAPACITY LOCKABLE DISC BOX 


FOR 
ONLY £17.60 


OR 
50 x 5:25" DS-DD DISCS 
PLUS 
100 CAPACITY LOCKABLE DISC BOX 

R 
ONLY £27.10 
20x25" DS-DD DISCS 
PLUS 
40 CAPACITY LOCKABLE BOX 
FOR. 


ONLY £29.50 


OR 
50x 35708-00 DISCS 
PLUS. 

90 CAPACITY LOCKABLE BOX 
FOR. 


ONLY £68.20 





ө REMEMBER THE PRICE YOU SEE IS ALL 
YOU PAY. (U.K. ONLY) 
THEY INCLUDE VAT AND CARRIAGE 





Cheque or Postal Order to. 


ІМ | Manor Court Supplies Ltd 

с Dept YC10, Glen Celyn House, Penybont, 

S Llandrindod Wells, Powys LD1 5SY. 
Telephone: 0597 87784 or 0597 87792 














FOR SALE 








Orders accepted from educational and government depts. 
Dealer enquiries invited. (610) 








SPECTRUM 
MICRO DRIVE OWNERS 


OUTLET 


ж The new electronic maga- 
i zine. For a copy send £1.00 
and a blank cartridge 


S.A.E. for details or log onto Micronet 





Chezron Software 
605 Loughborough Re 


ATARI 520 STFM NOW IN STOCK FOR 
NEW PRICE ONLY £289.95 


Includes mouse controller. manual, language бес and starter pack 


be as happy 


And let's alt 
as children (GH 
Buy from Sound N Vision this Christmas. 
SEE HALF PAGE FOR BEST PRICES ON HARDWARE/SOFTWARE ETC. 


this Christmas! 


nes УУМ? ТАМУ, 
"Tet (0942) 873689 




















^ 
IBM PC and AMSTRAD PCI512/1640 
SHAREWARE/PUBLIC DOMAIN SOFTWARE 





WATCH OUT! There are SHAREWARE SHARKS about, and 
they're after your money!!! 


Why pay them £5 to £10 per disc when you can have a larger 
choice plus the latest releases from us, at only £3 per disc (less 
for quantity, Starter pack at only £2/disc!), Send SAE for a free 
catalogue. 


NEW!!! Modula-2 compiler, 3D Chess, Bridgepal, Com- 
poser, UK General Ledger, plus many more. 


| PC-STAR 








P.O. Box 164, Cardiff CF5 3YB 673) 
















DIGIPIX isk price зза B 
3.5" DS/DD DISKS 


bonded 8/00 13ин MOD) вына р 4% 2400 400 S000 
Mimic 05/00 1359í ) cases labels ph. 1495 3650 7010 13000 


All Disks Fully Guaranteed 


Disk customers may also purchase any amount of the following 
with their order. (Available only with Disk orders.) 


Mouse Mat £3.50 Ж 40 Л 3.5" Disk Box £5.75. 
80 capacity, locking 3.5" Disk Box £7.00 100 3.5” Disk Labels £1.50 
‘Send Cheque or Р.О. to: 


DIGIPIX в) 
1 Brasher Close, Bishopstoke, Hants. 505 6PY 

























Central Media shop now open at address below 


CENTRAL MEDI 














3.5 INCH DISCS 
WE SELL Е We sl 
Aramis | TOUNSRANDED 05/00 3S :wir989 | „ш, 
HARDWARE AMIGA 500 Garlock 
Ring for ONLY £44911! computerised 
details | AU ATARI ST come with Mouse & SAD disk 8 Basie | ideo system, 
520 STM + } meg drive PL 
520 STFM ONLY £273 totals you 
£273 1040 ONLY £389 wil at be 
TRADE ENQUIRIES wetcome | бердін 




















ALL CHEQUES Е PO's PAYABLE TO 
CENTRAL MEDIA 
101 SPRING BANK, HULL НОЗ 1BH TEL: (0482) 26581 ien 








Central Media shop now open at address below 


CENTRAL MEDIA 








3.5 INCH DISCS 
WE SELL Wesel 
МАМ st | TOUNSRANDED 05/00 135 1pi £9.89 | „мш 
HARDWARE | AMIGA 500 [o 
Ring for ONLY £449nt computerised 
details | A ATARI ST cone with Mouse & SAD dsk а Basie | Vigan vtm, 
520 STM + } meg drive E ring lo 
520 STER. ONLY £273 debis you 
£273 1040 ONLY £389 
TRADE ENQUIRIES WELCOME 














"ALL CHEQUES & PO's PAYABLE TO 
CENTRAL MEDIA 
101 SPRING BANK, HULL HUS 18H TEL: (0482) 26581 iss, 














| FOR SALE 





CHEER un er iod 


We've gai you cover through which you 


can type freely and easily. 


COVEFed SEAL'n TYPE 


Accidents сап happen! 
PAS Protect against spills dust, 
ash end grime; any oí 

which could ruin you 

keyboard. Stop erosion of 


your key lettering. 


SEAL'n TYPE™ 
Made of clear, flexible| 
plastic moulded to fit over 
every key. Removable, 
\ Washable, Reusable. 
"Amstrad — PCWIPC, BBC, AB/B+ 





For 

















This is the verdict from all our customers who purchased a copy of “The 

Gamester”. This is a truly unique utility that allows the user to gain infinite. 

lives on most types of games, and includes the brilliant "Siomo” device, to. 

slow down most programs to your desired speed. Win all those top prizes. 
with "The Gamester". 

Well worth buying . . ." CRASH 

Very easy to шзе.. 7” A S D Mid: 


К Glamorgan 
“Absolutely brilliant. now | play all those impossible games and easily 
gain high scores.” RD. Manchester 


Spectrum 48/+/128/+2/+3 


Compatible with Multiface 1/Multiface 128/Snapshot 
R.R.P. £9.99 .MAIL ORDER £5 
 Cheques/POs to: 

8.0., 155 Wash Lane, Yardley, Birmingham B25 8PX 
SAME DAY DESPATCH 























... Siraightened 


FEED'n PRINT™ 
A Paper Guide for the PCW 8256/8512 which fits simply onto your 
printer. Now you can easily ‘feed’ in paper and have precisely 
aligned margins every time. 

FEED'n PRINT™ 

Includes markers to centre A4 and inch scales 

in pitches 10 & 12 matching screen layout. 














' On Microdrive 

504 TAPE TO OPUS DRIVE UTILITY As for 504 - bt nct 10 

Price: (685 (ne РАР). 

SHARPSHOTER. А 100% Machine Code mutiscreen Arcad Соте with spe agis wd зала. Mam, 

Sorel ftre. mute did lenis. ver interd Кет o D viva 2 ops тон, 

Sici Pee £135 (ас РАР) 

XOBRANSOFT SPECTRUM 280 MACHINE CODE COURSE: A 12 month couse from Beginner to 

‘vanced ені Sota for anyone. Apples 1 MÍ cores Spacon т. Price: 15 

SLA ADVANCED SPEEDLOADER. Covers most шут: t Fas Loaders weh a ост ot SX мі 

Seeds Mul coloured ad varous ter ong bordert = cose ew th att урта ULL Manu 

PLUS FREE nte nde FREE Disassemble. Price (828 (mc ҒАР). 

SUPER INTERFACE НІ: A superb interlace wich coer snot ANY program to reload и any one of 

H pp Fs Lande AUTOMATICALLY Fg n sete s P, Pie LI 

[^ 70) 

SUPER INTERFACE MOI: Tis terface comers prs to modo Му AUTOMATICALLY, 

СОМРАСТ cts ret TWO LONG pant ре rd Берен endende MOI P 
yos Ори driva AUTOMATICALLY 


pos Dove ` my supe vale. 











on inked! 


PROLONG PRINTERRIBBONLIFE — [7 
Ring 0784 252662 for FREE Қа ROV 
porter SAEs. 


10-12 July 
Same day service Stand A5 











128.95 line PA 
SUPER INTERFACE 001: Аз tot MDI. BUT conv popu 
Ses spechicatn to MO. Price £28.86 (ас РАР / 
Send деме? x 
obrahsot,Plasaot View, Hulme Lane, Hume 
"eee Europa ET P&P PER TEN. тез, 










tan, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffs ST3 SBM, 


£1.30 per ribbon 
f "nt tor FREE DETAILED Catalogue 













SPECTRUM REPAIRS 


ONLY ONE COMPANY OFFERS YOU: 


An honest 6 month guarantee, We repair any fault within 6 months, you do no 
same fault has reoccurred as with other companies 

Full overhaul and up-date with each repair to identify and repair all f 
reliability. 

Over 17 years computer maintenance experience on all types of systems from main frames to 
micro's. Probably ten years more than our nearest competitor. 

Fast efficient service. Most units are despatched fully insured by first class post within 24 hours of 
receipt. 

No "free" games tape - we could offer you £50 worth of games with each repair, but instead we use 
top quality components, sophisticated test equipment and professional engineers 

All inclusive price of £17.50 regardless of number of faults 





‘ove that the 


$ 





Ив ensuring continuing 


BBC, Commodore, Amstrad. Free estimates. Normal repair costs £25.00. 
Educational Authority orders welcome. 


We also service a wide range of peripherals, including disc drives and printers. 


M.P.C. ELECTRONICS 


The Laurels, Wendling, Dereham, Norfolk NR19 2LZ. Tel: 036 287 327 


em 





























BLANK CASSETTES 


WITH LIBRARY CASES 


Cio Cis coo coo 
20 7% 970 790 670 
50 1600 1820 1530 1850 
100 2900 3000 3100 3600 


Fully Inclusive (CO D. ЕТ extra) 
DISKS 
1054 DS/DD 


£6.00 inc. case 


1931 85/о 
£11 Inc. case 


10 MAXELL 3” CF2 
£20 














IEMOTECH CC 
AND ACCE 


MTX 512 COMPUTER £43.00 
DMX 80 PRINTER £180.00 
RS232 13000 


PASCAL ROM. 
SPECULATOR ROM £30.00 
Timp, DISK DRIVE 8 INTERFACE £160. 
\ mb. DISK DRIVE & INTERFACE £160. 












Auta fers 
дас re mom 
ment Menu ume 
Мапе м тетін dac 
анато automaticaly create» master cate 
ing ofa th contents a al your dacs 
No typing in! Search, update ete 
Mule tent o паа + much moret 
asy to use = Groat apes - Ony £12 95 
SAE tor dotais nd iiit 
BETTERBYTES 
10 Spal Toren, estar 
Novit open ie NES UT 





and use this 











MEGA The Magazine on 


MAG “= fer the Amiga, 
and coming soon for 

DISK Commodore 64. 
Price 65.00 monthly 


Send cheques/POs, made 


payable to: Mega Mag Disks 
or write for info to: 


ги байы, 
Malay Nevis o 16 106 


QUALITY DISCS 
DD/DS BOXES OF 10 
bi". ТЕ 16180 
НЕО 
«1. £20} 


Victoria Telecom, 198 Gloucester Road, 
Bishopston, Bristol BS7 80J. Accees/Visa 
Tol: 0272 47632/428381 ss) 


COMMODORE 64, C2N, 2 joy 
sticks, over £350 of software and 
games, £275 o.n.o. Tel: Antony 01- 
908 3019 

WANT THE BEST ST DEAL? | did, 
Send ЕБ for my product choice deci- 
sion and phone survey of 13 suppliers. 
mam pm 

ATARI 1040 STF, SC1224 12" col- 
‘our monitor, SMM 804 Atari dot ma- 
trix printer and lots of software (al 
brand пом with 1 year's guarantee), 
Only £825. Tol: 05827 64152. 
GRAPHIC DESIGNER is selling his 
Amstrad 464 colour with disc, AMX 
‘mouse, 256K Ram pack, 2 light pens + 
games, £350 ол.о. Tel: (Leicester) 
0533 392185, 

AMIGA 500, Ram/clock expansion, 
ТУ mod. Deluxe Paint 2, Fareytale, 
Starglider and others. Under guaran- 
тее. £450. Tel: 08832 5259. 

















SERVICES 





large selecton of languages. domo s 
ies, comm s and games ac. 
avaiable. A stamp for 
угш hours of frustration 
Discs from 








9 Abingdon Gardens, Bath, 
AvonBA22UY — (vm 























ДИДОК! 


Ta aon сне д-нин 
LEE 
кези 
ЕЛИНИ (Dept PC), 

Eua 
E 
MESES NET e 





ТТОРРҮ SHOP ST USER GROUP 
AND PUBLIC DOMAIN LIBRARY 
таво 
w Feta 
Floppy Shop ST 
КД ү АИ 





 KELSOFT specialising in 
TICTIONEERING 
Sewa 1 Wake Sc dog п KELSOFT 
PAW Tet Mentor wi SX. 
ESCAPE NTO SPACE EASO, 

PAW Mer METEORE SIUE. ди sa ay 
famen PAW, wa d GAC 
Sed SAE trii 
KELSOFT 
28 Oveon Svest. Siro Lees PE9 10S. 

Telephone 0780 56V ве 








M.D.S. Computer Supplies 
54 05/00 10 for £4.75 
Amazing savings. 

11 Church Street 
Banbridge BT32 4AA 


HOTLINE 
08206 23477 an 





AMIGA 
‘CUMANA DISC DRIVES/JUMPDISK 
CHRISTMAS PACK 








George Thompson Services Ltd. 
‘Dope ер, Ben. ВЫ. Аға. 
Жаа MI Tr 80223 сз) 











NEW SPECCY CLUB. For details 
send S.A.E. to: ZXSC, 18 Poplar 
Close, Biggleswade, Beds. 


SERVICES 


EAST LONDON MICRO 
SERVICE CENTRE 
Spectrum, Commodore, Amstrad, 
Atari, MSX plos peripherals. 
Turnaround typical of 2-5 days. 
Three months warranty guaranteed 
Computer ICs Ергот 7415 seres 
near ICs components soid. 

Diskottes Branded. 





105} £850 
1031 21200 
Power supplies 664 £25.00 
Spectrum о. £9.95 
‘Accessories sold. Maii order trade 
'enquiries welcome. 
Open Зат-Врт Mon-Sat 


SAN ELECTRONICS 
63 Plashet Grove, East Ham 
London EG ТАО 
Tel: 01-472 4871 
Four тели wa om Upton Part Td Sun. 
= 








Computer REPAIRS Fins Ain 


Fixed Super Low Prices! TECHNOLOGY 
Inclusive of parts, labour and VAT 


1 week turnround 
Free collections/delivery available for local area 





Ж AUTUMN OFFERS x 
SPECTRUMS £14 inc. + Free Game 
£22 inc. + Free Game 

C16 £18 inc. 

VIC20, C+4 £22 inc. 

BBC. £32 inc. 

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r COMMENT. 


"gs this just a game or is it real?" asks 
І the boy at the keyboard 

"What's the difference?" answers 
the voice synthesiser of the computer. 

This is the chilling moment in the film 
War Games when the young hero realises 
that by hacking into someone else's mai 
frame he may have gone just a little too 
far. This particular mainframe ~ you will 
recall - turns out to be the artificial 
intelligence running the whole of NATO 
nuclear arsenal! And playing ‘Global Tacti- 
cal Thermonuclear War’ with this baby is 
definitely not recommended for light 
entertainment. 

Instead, maybe our hero should have got 
stuck into High Frontier the Strategi 
Defence Initiative simulation from Acti 
sion, At least then he would have known 
that any harm he could wreak would stop 
at his monitor = or in the realms of his 
imagination, Just good clean fun. 

No room here for informed discussio 
questioning the practicalities and desir- 
ability of SDI in the world arena. High 
Frontier's promo blurb makes sure you 
know whose side you're on right from the 
start: "4,000 Soviet nuclear warheads are 
targeted at the North American main- 
land... You are the project leader com- 
mitting staff and funds to make SDI a 
reality, You must make the decisions that 
could save the American mainland . ..” Oh 
good. Because, let's face it, if the whole 
world were teetering on the edge of 
oblivion we'd all want to be reassured that 
the good ol’ U.S, of A. was going to be ok. 
Sod the rest, and especially those Ruskies 
with their awful ‘Evil Empire 

Activision are by no means alone in 
their very definite approach to who the 


HACKERS 
































good guys are. A number of battle simula- 
tion games do away with the niceties of 
any pretence of attempting to remain 
apolitical. Why waste time and trouble 
inventing imaginary enemies when we all 
know what the public want? Micro Prose’s 
F15 Strike Eagle provides us with all the 
hi-tech weaponry we need to blast those 
nasty MiG fighters, and to cheerfully bomb 
Egypt, Lybia, Haiphong, Hanoi, the Persian 
Gulf, Iraq, or Syria. Gung ho ho ho! 

Are these games to0 warlike - too 
violent? Is this what I'm driving at? No. 
SDI at least involves, as far as I can gather, 
shooting down missiles, not people; and 
any war game or battle simulation will 
inevitably involve a degree of sanitised 
violence, as will any kind of fictional 
adventure from Hansel and Gretel to 
Raiders of the Lost Ark, What is worrying 
here is not so cut and dried as the anti- 
violence lobby would probably see it. I am 
certainly less concerned than the German 
government seem to be about the odd 
decapitation in fantasy games such as 
Palace Software's Barbarian, which they 
have just banned. I personally don't be- 
lieve that the graphies in such a game 
could possibly produce images of violence 
50 realistic as to cause offence, or that 
violence itself in а game necessarily incites 
violent behaviour. 

Fantasy as a fictional genre is generally 
regarded as useful because it allows great 
moral questions to be pondered in symbolic 
form. A great deal of hack and slay or 
zapping with futuristic weapons goes on in 
the tussle between the forces of light and 
darkness. Look at Tolkien as a prime 
example, or Dr. Who! The problem 1 
perceive is not the action itself in computer 














What are we playing at? 


games, but rather the values and rationale 
which underpin the action. High Frontier 
and Strike Eagle have more worrying 
qualities than the more overtly ‘shocking’ 
Barbarian. 

They are set very firmly in the real 
world, and they propose a definite set of 
political preconceptions for gameplay, 
which qualify the action whilst inadver- 
tently reinforcing an insidious and reac- 
tionary ‘us and them’ mentality, 

Though I have said that I dispute that 
the portrayal of violence in games in itself 
incites violent behaviour, 1 can see a 
problem where violence is portra; 
against a ‘realistic’ backdrop, and is 56 
as nothing short of desirable. Where the 
violence becomes the in focus of the 
game and is merely gratuitous. 

The software companies know how im- 
portant the scenario is. How else do you 
explain the inclusion of a 48 page novella. 
іп Firebird’s classic Elite? Outside the 
simple maze or platform format, computer 
games are after all role play. And the more 
satisfying the scenario, the more satisfying 
the playing of the role. But what values are 
we willing to take on board in the process - 
or to compromise? 

The software companies should realise 
this, and take careful responsibility in 
future games design concepts. 

With echoes of War Games, the High 
Frontier promo concludes that it's 
*. . hopefully as near as you'll ever get to 
the real thing . .. or is it " 

“Is this just а game or is it real?" The ac 
tion is just a game, but what's underneath 
the action - and what does playing it say 
about me? п 













MALCOLM ARNOLD 








SA/POPULAR COMPUTING WEEKLY 


19-25 NOVEMBER 1987 








U 


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AMSTRAD AMIGA 
SPECTRUM COMMODORE ATARI ST 
£8.99 £9.99 £19.99 
DISC- £14.99 


GARFIELD © 1978 United Feature Syndicate Inc.