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Date Printed: 11/14/1996 



UNCIASSIFIED 
DOC.NUHBER: 88CAIRO09443 



CHANNEL: n/a 



UNCLASSIFIED 

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CAIRO 09443 01 OF 03 201744Z 



INFO 



LOG-00 

EB-00 

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ADS-00 

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SP-02 



AID-GO 

10-19 

PRS-01 



INR-10 
NSAE-00 
/051 W 
136102 



EUR- 00 
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OIC 
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201745Z /38 



O 201738Z APR 88 
FM AMEMBASSY CAIRO 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2968 

INFO USDOC WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

AMCONSUL ALEXANDRIA 

AMEMBASSY RIYADH 

AMEMBASSY TUNIS 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV 

AMEMBASSY AMMAN 

AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

AMEMBASSY LONDON 

AMEMBASSY PARIS 

AMEMBASSY ROME 

COMSIXTHFLT 

USCINCCENT MACDILL AFB FL 

FBIS RESTON VA 
US I A WASHDC 8281 
US INFO WASHDC 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 CAIRO 09443 

USDOC FOR 4520/IEP/ANESA/ONE/JOHNSON 

USCINCCENT FOR POLAD 

ROME PASS MFO 

E.O. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: PREL, PGOV, PINS, EAID, ECON, EG, US, 
SUBJECT: CAIRO PRESS REVIEW, APRIL 20, 1988 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 



SA 




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CAIRO 09443 01 OF 03 201744Z 



THIS REVIEW COVERS THE ESTABLISHMENT PRESS 
(GOVERNMENT -INFLUENCED; AROUND ONE MILLION CIRCULATION) 
AND THE OPPOSITION PRESS (NORMALLY WEEKLIES) . BOTH 
CATEGORIES REFLECT THE INCREASING INDEPENDENCE OF THE 
EGYPTIAN PRESS. THE OPPOSITION PAPERS ARE NOT ONLY 
LIMITED IN CIRCULATION (10,000-60,000, EXCEPT FOR THE 
WIDER CIRCULATION AL-WAFD) , BUT ALSO WIDELY RECOGNIZED AS 
IRRESPONSIBLE. NONETHELESS, THEIR STORIES FORM PART OF 



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OOC_HtniBER: 88CAIRO09443 



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THE CAIRO RUMOR MILL; THEY CAN PROMPT DEFENSIVE GOVERNMENT 
ACTION AND INSPIRE PARALLEL STORIES IN THE ESTABLISHMENT 
PRESS , 



HIGHLIGHTS 



— THE PRIME MINISTER WILL HEAD AN OFFICIAL DELEGATION TO 
VISIT IRAQ. 

— ASSASSINATION OF ABU JIHAD TRIGGERS MORE PRESS 
COMMENTS . 

-- CRITICISM OF US CONTRADICTORY STANDS AND BLIND SUPPORT 
FOR ISRAEL. 

-- THE MINISTER OF ELECTRICITY ADMITS SHORTAGE OF 
ELECTRICITY IS GRAVE. 

— CRITICISM OF MANAGEMENT OF TOURIST INDUSTRY. 

OPPOSITION PAPERS SPECULATE ON THE EXPECTED SALARY 

HIKE. 

UNCLASSIFIED 
UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 CAIRO 09443 01 OF 03 2 01744Z 



ESTABLISHMENT PRESS: INTERNATIONAL NEWS 



1. US/ IRAN. THE LEAD ITEM IN ALL PAPERS REPORTS A GRAVE 
CONFRONTATION IS EXPECTED TO TAKE PLACE BETWEEN THE US AND 
IRAN IN THE GULF. TEHRAN THREATENED TO ATTACK US 
INTERESTS IN THE WORLD, WHILE PRESIDENT REAGAN SAID THAT 
IRAN WOULD PAY DEARLY FOR ITS THREATS AND EXPRESSED THE 
HOPE THAT TRANQUILITY WOULD BE RESTORED TO THE GULF. 

2. EGYPT/ IRAQ. ALL PAPERS REPORT PRIME MINISTER SEDKY 
WILL VISIT IRAQ EARLY IN MAY AT THE HEAD OF AN OFFICIAL 
DELEGATION, CARRYING A MESSAGE FROM mBARAK TO PRESIDENT 
SADDAM HUSSEIN. A LONG TERM AGREEMENT FOR COORDINATION OF 
BILATERAL COOPERATION WILL BE SIGNED. MOREOVER, THE 
ESTABLISHMENT OF A JOINT EGYPTIAN- IRAQI HIGHER COMMITTEE 
HEADED BY THE PRIME MINISTERS OF THE TWO COUNTRIES WILL BE 
ANNOUNCED DURING THE VISIT. 

3 . EGYPTIAN-ARAB COMPANIES . AHRAM REPORTS THREE 
EGYPTIAN-ARAB HOLDING COMPANIES WILL BE ESTABLISHED WITHIN 
DAYS. THE CAPITAL OF THE COMPANIES AMOUNTS TO LE 600 



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Date Printed: 11/14/1996 DOC_NUMBER: 88CAIRO09443 CHANNEL: n/a 



MILLION, WHICH INCLUDES AN INDUSTRIAL COMPANY WITH CAPITAL 
OF LE 300 MILLION, AN AGRICULTURAL COMPANY WITH LE 200 
MILLION, AND A TOURIST AND REAL ESTATE COMPANY WITH LE 100 
MILLION. AHRAM NOTES THAT ARAB INVESTMENTS IN EGYPT HAVE 

EXCEEDED LE 3 BILLION. 

4. EGYPT/TUNISIA. ALL PAPERS REPORT A JOINT STATEMENT 



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ACTION NEA-04 

INFO LOG-00 ADS-00 AID-00 INR-10 EUR-00 OIC-02 CIAE-00 
EB-00 DODE-00 10-19 NSAE-00 AMAD-01 PM-10 PA-02 
INRE~00 SP-02 PRS-01 /051 W 

136123 201746Z /38 

O 201738Z APR 88 
FM AMEMBASSY CAIRO 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2969 

INFO USDOC WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

AMCONSUL ALEXANDRIA 

AMEMBASSY RIYADH 

AMEMBASSY TUNIS 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV 

AMEMBASSY AMMAN 

AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

AMEMBASSY LONDON 

AMEMBASSY PARIS 

AMEMBASSY ROME 

COMSIXTHFLT 

USCINCCENT MACDILL AFB FL 
FBIS RESTON VA 
USIA WASHDC 8282 
US INFO WASHDC 
USMISSION USUNNEW YORK 

UNCLAS SECTION 02 OF 03 CAIRO 09443 



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UNCLASSIFIED 

! Date Printed: 11/14/1996 DOC^NUHBER: 88CMRO09443 CHJVNNEL: n/a 



USDOC FOR 4520/IEP/ANESA/ONE/JOHNSON 
USCINCCENT FOR POLAD 
ROME PASS MFO 

E.G. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: PREL, PGOV, PINS, EAID, ECON, EG, US, SA 
SUBJECT: CAIRO PRESS REVIEW, APRIL 20, 1988 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 CAIRO 09443 02 OF 03 201745Z 



WAS ISSUED ON THE RESULT OF THE VISIT OF TUNISIAN PRIME 
MINISTER AL-BACCOUCHE. THE TWO COUNTRIES EXPRESSED 
SUPPORT FOR THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE'S STRUGGLE AND 
DENOUNCED THE ARBITRARY PRACTICES OF THE ISRAELI 
OCCUPATION AUTHORITIES. THEY CALLED UPON IRAQ AND IRAN TO 
WORK TO STOP THE GULF WAR. THREE NEW AGREEMENTS WERE 
SIGNED FOR EXCHANGING CUSTOMS PRIVILEGES AND INCREASING 
TRADE, PREVENTING DOUBLE TAXATION, AND PROMOTING 
INVESTMENTS . 



5. ON THE ASSASSINATION OF ABU JIHAD. AN UNSIGNED 
EDITORIAL IN AHRAM WRITES THAT THE ASSASSINATION OPERATION 
OF ABU JIHAD CARRIED OUT BY ISRAEL IS AIMED AT TWO THINGS: 
EXTINGUISHING OR UNDERMINING THE PALESTINIAN UPRISING, AND 
KEEPING EACH ARAB COUNTRY BUSY WITH ITS OWN PROBLEMS, 
THEREBY CURBING ANY ATTEMPT TO CLOSE THE ARAB RANKS OR 
UPSET THE BALANCE OF POWER IN FAVOR OF THE ARABS. 
AKHBAR'S COLUMNIST MUSTAFA AMIN WRITES THAT THE KILLERS OF 
ABU JIHAD WILL BE SURPRISED TO SEE THAT THE ASSASSINATION 
ONLY MADE THE UPRISING STRONGER. NOW ALL THE WORLD KNOWS 
THAT ISRAEL DOES NOT WANT PEACE. HOWEVER, NOTES AMIN, THE 
PALESTINIAN ARMED STRUGGLE SHOULD REMAIN RESTRICTED TO 
ISRAEL AND THE OCCUPIED TERRITORIES AND NOT OUTSIDE THEM. 

6. EGYPT/US. FOR THE SECOND DAY IN A ROW, AN UNSIGNED 
EDITORIAL IN AKHBAR CRITICIZES THE CONTRADICTORY STANDS OF 
THE US GOVERNMENT AND WRITES THAT HAD EINSTEIN BEEN ALIVE, 
EVEN HE WOULD HAVE BEEN PERPLEXED BY THESE CONFLICTING 
STANDS, FOR AT A TIME WHEN SHULTZ IS EXERTING PEACE 
EFFORTS, WASHINGTON INSISTS ON VETOING THE SECURITY 
COUNCIL RESOLUTION, AND CONTINUES ITS SUPPORT FOR THE 
UNCLASSIFIED 

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ISRAELI TERRORISTS WHO ASSASSINATED ABU JIHAD. THIS 
CONTRADICTORY POLICY IS THE REASON FOR THE LOSS OF 
WASHINGTON ' S CREDIBILITY . 

7. MAHGOUB IN WASHINGTON. AHRAM, IN A FRONT-PAGE STORY, 
REPORTS THAT DERWINSKI TOLD ASSEMBLY SPEAKER RIFAAT 
AL-MAHGOUB DURING A MEETING AT THE STATE DEPARTMENT THAT . 
US ASSISTANCE TO EGYPT WILL MOT BE REDUCED DESPITE 
CONGRESSIONAL PRESSURES. AHRAM ALSO REPORTS THAT MAHGOUB 
DISCUSSED EGYPT'S ECONOMIC REFORM PROGRAM AND EFFORTS TO 
ENCOURAGE FOREIGN INVESTMENT WITH NATIONAL SECURITY 
ADVISER POWELL AND AID ADMINISTRATOR WOODS. 

8. EGYPT /YUGOSLAVIA. AHRAM REPORTS A COOPERATION 
PROTOCOL WILL BE SIGNED BETWEEN THE EGYPTIAN CHAMBER OF 
COMMERCE AND THE YUGOSLAV CHAMBER OF COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY. 



DOMESTIC NEWS 



9. INTERVIEW WITH THE MINISTER OF ELECTRICITY. AHRAM 
CARRIES A LONG INTERVIEW WITH MINISTER OF ELECTRICITY 

MAKER ABAZA, WHO SAYS THAT THE EXPECTED SHORTAGE OF 
ELECTRICITY, ESPECIALLY HIGH DAM ELECTRICITY, IS VERY 
GRAVE AND THE SITUATION IS VERY CRUCIAL THIS YEAR. THE 
ONLY HOPE LEFT IS BUILDING 13 THERMAL POWER PLANTS, WHICH 
WILL NOT BE OPERATIONAL BEFORE MARCH 1989. THE MINISTER 
MOTES THAT ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION HAS INCREASED BY 20 PER 
CENT DURING THE FIRST FEW DAYS OF RAMADAN. 



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I Date Printed: 11/14/1996 



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D0C_Nt7HBBR: 88CAIRO09443 



CHANNEIi: n/a 



INFO LOG-00 ADS-00 AID-00 INR-10 EUR-00 OIC-02 CIAE-00 
EB-00 DODE-00 10-19 NSAE-00 AMAD-01 PM-10 PA-02 
INRE-00 SP-02 PRS-01 /051 W 

136137 201747Z /38 

O 201738Z APR 88 
FM AMEMBASSY CAIRO 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2970 

INFO USDOC WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

AMCONSUL ALEXANDRIA 

AMEMBASSY RIYADH 

AMEMBASSY TUNIS 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV 

AMEMBASSY AMMAN 

AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

AMEMBASSY LONDON 

AMEMBASSY PARIS 

AMEMBASSY ROME 

COMSIXTHFLT 

USCINCCENT MACDILL AFB FL . 
FBIS RESTON VA 
US I A WASHDC 8283 
US INFO WASHDC 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 

UNCLAS SECTION 03 OF 03 CAIRO 09443 

USDOC FOR 4520/IEP/ANESA/ONE/JOHNSON 

USCINCCENT FOR POLAD 

ROME PASS MFO 

E.G. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: PREL, PGOV, PINS, EAID, ECON, EG, US, SA 
SUBJECT: CAIRO PRESS REVIEW, APRIL 20, 1988 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 CAIRO 09443 03 OF 03 201745Z 



10. CRITICISM OF MALADMINISTRATION OF EGYPTAIR. AKHBAR'S 
COLUMNIST MUSA SABRY CRITICIZES THE LACK OF MAINTENANCE OF 
EGYPTAIR PLANES, WHICH RESULTED IN KEEPING 2 000 TOURISTS 
WHO WANTED TO LEAVE FOR HOME FOR TWO NIGHTS IN ASWAN AND 
LUXOR. EGYPTAIR HAD TO PAY THE EXPENSES OF THESE TOURISTS 
DUE TO THE INEFFICIENCY OF ITS ADMINISTRATION. SABRY 
ATTACKS EGYPTAIR 'S BAD MANAGEMENT, WHICH WILL DEFINITELY 
HAVE A NEGATIVE EFFECT ON EGYPT'S REPUTATION AND REVENUES. 

11. STUDENTS EXPELLED. ALL PAPERS REPORT THE 
ADMINISTRATIVE COURT SUPPORTED THE DECREE OF THE PRESIDENT 
OF AL-MENOUFIA UNIVERSITY EXPELLING 15 STUDENTS FROM 1 TO 
3 MONTHS FOR DEMONSTRATING AND DISTRIBUTING LEAFLETS. 



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DOC_NDHBER: 88CAZRO09443 



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12. DOLLAR EXCHANGE RATE FOR APRIL 20 IS PT 226.0 FOR 
BUYING AND PT 226.6 FOR SELLING. 



OPPOSITI 
ON NEWS 



13 . PRIVATE SECTOR SALARY INCREASE . AL-WAFD REPORTS THE 
GOVERNMENT IS HOLDING TALKS WITH THE PRIVATE SECTOR IN 
ORDER TO INCREASE SALARIES LIKE THE PUBLIC SECTOR. 
REPORTEDLY, MORE BANKNOTES WILL BE PRINTED AND SUBSIDIES 
WILL BE REDUCED TO FINANCE THE NEW SALARY HIKE. ON THE 
OTHER HAND, AL-AHALI REPORTS THERE ARE DIFFERENCES IN THE 
GOVERNMENT OVER THE NEW SALARY INCREASE AND THERE IS A 

TENDENCY TO GIVE ONLY THE MAY DAY BONUS FOR THE TIME 
BEING. PRIME MINISTER SEDKY REPORTEDLY CLASHED WITH THE 
LEADERSHIP OF THE NDP, WHICH WANTED TO RAISE WAGES BY ANY 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 CAIRO 09443 03 OF 03 201745Z 

MEANS BECAUSE OF POLITICAL CONSIDERATIONS. SEDKY WAS 
FORCED TO SEEK PRESIDENT MUBARAK'S INTERVENTION TO SETTLE 
THE DISPUTE. THE GOVERNMENT DOES NOT WANT TO ANNOUNCE THE 
PERCENTAGE OF THE SALARY HIKE BECAUSE IT IS VERY SMALL 
WHEN COMPARED TO THE PRESENT INFLATION RATES. THE 
MINISTRY OF FINANCE PROPOSES A HIKE OF 25 PER CENT OVER 
FIVE YEARS. 

14. OPPOSITION BOYCOTTS THE GOVERNMENT. AL-AHALI REPORTS 

LEADERS OF THE OPPOSITION PARTIES STATED TBAT THEY HAVE NO 
INTENTION OF RESUMING THEIR DIALOGUE WITH THE NDP BEFORE 
THE CANCELLATION OF THE EMERGENCY LAW. THE LEADERS 
AFFIRMED THERE WAS NO DIVISION IN THEIR RANKS OVER THAT 
ISSUE. THE LABOR PARTY CALLED UPON THE OPPOSITION PARTIES 
TO TAKE MORE HARDLINE STANDS THAN JUST STOPPING THE 
DIALOGUE WITH THE NDP. 

15. AHALI ON ABU JIHAD. AL-AHALI 'S UNSIGNED EDITORIAL 

CHARGES ISRAEL AND THE US WITH THE ASSASSINATION OF ABU 
JIHAD IN TUNIS. NOTING THAT HIS LOSS IS PAINFUL, THE 
EDITORIAL ASSERTS THAT THE ASSASSINATION PROVES THAT THE 
PLO IS THE LEADERSHIP OF THE UPRISING; THAT ISRAEL AND 
AMERICA HAVE FAILED TO PUT THE UPRISING DOWN; AND THAT 
ISRAEL AND AMERICA HAVE FAILED TO CONVINCE THE WORLD THAT 
THE PALESTINIAN LIBERATION MOVEMENT IS TERRORIST SINCE THE 
WORLD KNOWS THAT ISRAEL IS THE DEN OF STATE TERRORISM 
ALONG. WITH THE AMERICAN ADMINISTRATION WHICH BOMBED LIBYA 
AND HIJACKED THE EGYPTAIR PLANE. 
WISNER 



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TEXT OF TELEGRAM 79STATE 32 



ADPOO 



PAGE 01 STATE 327362 

ORIGIN EA-12 

INFO OCT-00 ADS-00 ONY-00 /012 R 

DRAFTED BY EA/K STAFF :AG 
APPROVED BY EA/K:R G RICH, JR. 
EA/EX:K 0 HARRIS 
DESIRED DISTRIBUTION 
EA ONLV 

OS7488 2007 19Z /21 

P R 2003552 DEC 79 
FH SECSTATE WASHOC 
TO AMEHBASSY SEOUL 

INFO ALL EAST ASIAN AND PACIFIC DIPLOMATIC POSTS 
AMEMBASSY PORT MORESBY POUCH 
XMT AMEMBASSY PORT MORESBY 
AMEMBASSY SUVA 

STATE 327362 

E.O. 12065: GOS 12/19/85 (RICH, ROBERT G. , JR.) 

TAGS: EGEN, SHUM, ETRD. ETEL. KS. PEPR, KN. UA, US, TECH, 
SUBJ: WEEKLY STATUS REPORT - KOREA 

TO: EA - MR. HOLBROOKE 

FROM: EA/K - ROBERT G. RICH, JR. 

APOLITICAL DEVELOPMENT" ROLLS FORWARD 

DESPITE LAST WEEK'S MILITARY POWER GRAB, THE PROGRAM OF 
"POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT" ENVISIONED BY THE CIVILIAN GOVERN- 
MENT HAS MOVED FORWARD IN THE SHORT RUN AT LEAST. THE 
PRINCIPAL DEVELOPMENTS FOLLOW: 

ANNOUNCED NEW CABINET CONSISTING MOSTLY OF 




DcPARTMem OF STATE %P5U>0y ISfFPCjCOR Th^^ Date- /^j'y^J 



RELEASE IXT DECLASSIFY 
I ) EXCISE f i DECLASSIFY 
( 1 DENY ' IN PART 
f DELETE Non -Responsive Into 
FKXA Exen^tiona ■ ..— 

PA f»»inptlnn»| 



MR Cases Only: 

EO Citations _ 



TS authooty to. 
00 CLASSIFY as ( ) S or ()C C OAOR 

( ) OOWNORAOE T3 to I ) S or ( ) C OAOH 



STATE 327362 



POLITICALLY NEUTRAL TECHNOCRATS, WITH TWO OBVIOUS CON- 
CESSIONS TO THE DISSIDENTS AND POLITICAL OPPOSITION. 



mssra 



DEC. 14 - NEW PRIME MINISTER SHIN PUBLICLY PLEDGED THAT THE 
POLITICAL TIMETABLE WOULD NOT BE SET BACK. 

DEC. 15 - EM-9 CHARGES WERE DROPPED AGAINST OPPOSITION 
LEADER KIM YONG-SAM AND TWO OF THE NOP OFFICIALS RELEASED 
EARLIER. 

PAGE NO. 




TEXT OF TELEGRAM 79STA 



MSSIfi 



DEC. 17 - NATIONAL ASSEMBLY ACCEPTED RESISNATION OF CON- 
TROVERSIAL PARK-APPOINTED SPEAKER. 

DEC. (7 - ROKG PUBLICLY SET INAUGURATION OF NEW PRESIDENT 
-FOR DEC. 21 AND ANNOUNCED AN ASSOCIATED AMNESTY OF SEVERAL 
HUNDRED EM-9 VIOLATORS. 

DEC. 17 - CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION COMMITTEE VOTED UNAN- 
IMOUSLY TO HAVE NEW CONSTITUTION SUBMITTED TO PUBLIC 
REFERENDUM AFTER COMPLETION OF DRAFT. 

ate. 18 - NEW MARTIAL LAW COMMANDER GENERAL LEE MADE PUBLIC 
STATEMENT PLEDGING MILITARY WOULD NOT INTERFERE IN POLITICS. 

DEC. 18 - ROKG CONVEYED TO USG IN WASHINGTON AN OFFICIAL 
ASSURANCE THAT ITS PROGRAM OF POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT WILL 
PROCEED. t 

PRESIDENT CH'OE HAS MADE A HASIT OF KEEPING HIS POLITICAL 
PROMISES, AND WE EXPECT HIM TO ANNOUNCE A TIMETABLE FOR 
CONSTITUTIDNAL REVISION AND ELECTIONS AT HIS INAUGURATION 

OU DECEMBER 2t. (DBM) 




PAGE 03 STATE 327362 




;MAJ0R CONTRACT LANDED 



fiULMINATING PROTRACTED EFFORT WHICH AT ONE TIME OR ANOTHER 
INVOLVED NEARLY EVERY PART OF THE EMBASSY IN SEOUL. THE 
OUTGOING MINISTER OF COMMUNICATIONS INFORMED BILL GLEYSTEEN 
LAST WEEK OF AN ROKG OECIStON TO AWARD A LARGE TELEPHONE 
COMMUNICATIONS CONTRACT TO AT&T. THIS DECISION. WHICH NO 
DOUBT REFLECTS IN PART THE ROKG TENOEMCY TO TURN TOWARD THE 
US IN TIMES OF DIFFICULTY, WOULD MAKE AN EXCELLENT CASE 
STUDY OF THE COMMITMENT OF THE FOREIGN SERVICE TO COMMER- 
CIAL PROMOTION ACTIVITIES OVERSEAS. (OB) 




CHRISTMAS IS A FAMILY TIME (SO WHY COME HERE...?) 



THE FAMILIES OF SEVEN POLITICAL PRISONERS BORN IN JAPAN AND 
NOW INCARCERATED IN THE ROK UNDER ANT I -COMMUNIST OB ES- 
PIONAGE LAWSARE PLANNING TO VISIT SEVERAL COUNTRIES TO 
GENERATE PRESSURE FOR THE PRISONERS' RELEASES. IN THE U.S. 
tHE GROUP PLANS TO SEEK OUT SYG WALDHEIM, AMNESTY INTER- 
HATiONAL. U.S. POLITICAL AND GOVERNMENT LEADERS. AND 
WHOEVER ELSE WILL SEE THEM; THE FAMILIES' WILL ARGUE THAT 
THE DETAINEES ARE PRISONERS OF CONSCIENCE, AND INNOCENT OF 
THE SEDITION AND ESPIONAGE CHARGES FOR WHICH THEY WERE 
TRIED. THE FAMILIES. ALL OF WHOM ARE STILL RESIDENT tK 
JAPAN. HAVE RED CROSS TRAVELING PAPERS, AND THE GOJ Hfi 

PAGE NQ> 



829 




TEXT OF TELEGRAM 79STATE 327362 



•REPORTEDLY PROVIDED THEM WITH RE-ENTRV PERMITS, THE ROKQ 
ms PRESSED US. BOTH HERE AND IN SEOUL. NOT TO ISSUE VISAS. 
CITING THE "IRREGULARITY" OF TRAVEL DOCUMENTS AND CLAIMING 
THAT THE PRISONERS CANNOT BE CONSIDERED "NORMAL" POLITICAL 
DETAINEES. BOTH EMBASSY SEOUL AND THE DEPARTMENT HAVE 
RESPONDED THAT VISA DENIAL IS VIRTUALLY IMPOSSIBLE IN. SUCH 
A CASE. AND WE POINTED OUT THAT KEEPING THE FAMILIES OUT 
WOULD PROVIDE AMMUNITION FOR PUBLICITY IN THE U.S. AND 
ABROAD. WE ALSO TRIED TO CONSOLE THEM THAT ANY OFFICER WHO 
SEE THEM WOULD SURELY POINT OUT THAT THIS 



PAGE 04 STATE 327362 

MATTER INVOLVES THE ROK AND PERHAPS GO«J, BUT THAT THE US& 

IS NOT INVOLVED." (JG) 




IRE A AND IRAN 



SEVERAL TIMES IN THE PAST TWO WEEKS I HAVE CALLED THE 
ATTENTION OF THE ROK POLITICAL COUNSELOR HERE TO THE PUBLIC 
CRITICISMS OF JAPAN'S ACTIONS IN THE IRANIAN CRISIS AND 
HAVE CAUTIONED THAT THE RQKG BE CAREFUL IN ITS DEALINGS 
WITH IRAN IN ITS SEARCH FOR NEEDED OIL. MEANWHILE, OUR ICA 
POSTS IN KOREA HAVE OONCLUOEO THAT THE CAUTIOUS U.S. 
HANDLING OF THE IRANIAN CRISIS HAS DIMINISHED AMERICAN 
PRESTIGE AMONG OTHER KOREANS. WHO, ALLEGE THEY SEE EVIDENCE 
OF AMERICAN IMPOTENCE WHICH HAS IMPLICATIONS FOR THE ROK 
RELIANCE ON U.S. SECURITY TIES. (RGB) 

5.|[||^^EVINE CONSULTS 

MEL LEVINE SPENT A FRUITFUL WEEK IN WASHINGTON DECEMBER t1- 
14 MAKING HIS FIRST ROUND OF CONSULTATIONS IN A KOREA ROLE, 
FOLLOWING HIS DIRECT TRANSFER FROM TAIPEI TO SEOUL IN 
SEPTEMBER. HIS DISCUSSIONS EMPHASIZED TRADE ISSUES MOST 
HEAVILY, ALTHOUGH HE OF COURSE TOUCHED ON PINANCIAL, 
TRANSPORTATION AND OTHER BILATERAL ISSUES AS WELL. THE 
TIMING WAS FORTUITOUS. WASHINGTON INTEREST IN THE NEAR 
TERM ECONOMIC OUTLOOK FOR KOREA IS RUNNING VERY HIGH IN 
VIEW OF RECENT POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS AND PESSIMISTIC 
ECONOMIC INDICATORS. WHILE BEARISH ON IMMEDIATE PROSPECTS, 
MEL EXPRESSED A BASIC CONFIDENCE IN THE RESILIENCE AND 
UNDERLYING STRENGTH OF THE KOREAN ECONOMY. (DBF 

6 (U) DIALOGUE WITH HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVISTS 




PAGE 05 STATE 327362 

OH DECEMBER 7 DAVID BLAKEMQRE PARTICIPATED IN A SEMINAR IN 
HEW YORK. SPONSORED JOINTLY BY THE FORD FOUNDATION ANO 

PAGE NO 




MflEO 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 795TATE 327362 



HARVARD, ON THE PROSPECTS FOR POLITICAL DEMOCRACY IN KOREA. 
THERE MERE SOME 25 PARTICIPANTS IN ALL. INCLUDING ADRIAN 
DEWINO GREGORY HENDERSON ANO DON RANARD, NEARLY ALL OF 
WHOM ARE IMPATIENT (TO SAY THE LEAST) WITH USG PURSUIT OF 
HUMAN RIGHTS OBJECTIVES IN KOREA. ON THE WHOLE, HOWEVER, 
THE GROUP SHOWED TOLERANCE AND COURTESY IN HEARING VIEWS 
DIFFERENT FROM THEIR OWN. NO AGREED CONCLUSIONS WERE 
POSSIBLE, BUT FEEDBACK AFTER THE SESSION CONVINCED DAVID 
THAT AT LEAST THE KEY MEMBERS OF THE GROUP FELT THAT THEY 
HAD RECEIVED AN ATTENTIVE (AND EXTENDED) HEARING FROM AN 
O FFICIAL USG REPRESENTATIVE. (DB) 

KOREAN PROPOSALS ON COOPERATION IN SCIENCE AND 
THIRD-COUNTRY DEVELOPMENT 

tHE ROK MINISTRY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (MOST) HAS 
PRESENTED TO BEN HUBERMAN AT THE WHITE HOUSE OFFICE OF 
SCIENCE ANO TECHNOLOGY POLICY (OSTP) PROPOSALS FOB U.S. -ROK 
COOPERATION IN SCIENTIFIC-ASSISTANCE AREAS, AMD BEN CALLED 
A MEETING OF NSF , AID. ICA, AND STATE REPS TO DISCUSS IT. 
ALL AGREED THAT THE BRIGHTEST IDEA AMONG THE FIVE PRESENTED 
IS A JOINT TRAINING CENTER TO TRANSFER TO DEVELOPING 
COUNTRIES THE BENEFITS OF ROK SUCCESS UNDER THE U.S. AID 
PROGRAM (IN SEOUL PRESIDENTS CARTER ANO PARK HAD AGREED TO 
EXPLORE POSSIBLE COOPERATIVE EFFORTS TO ENHANCE ASSISTANCE 
TO THIRD COUNTRIES). THE OTHER IDEAS INVOLVE EITHER 
GREATER FORMALIZATION TO EXISTING BILATERAL SCIENCE COOPERA 
TION (WHICH WE OONOT WANT) OR DIRECT LOANS 8Y THE USQ TO 
KOREAN ADVANCED -TECHNOLOGY STUDENTS (FOR WHICH WE HAVE NO 
LEGAL AUTHORITY). AS A STEP PERHAPS ANTICIPATING A JOINT 
TRAINING CENTER, WE'VE SUGGESTED THAT THE KOREANS EXAMINE 
THE POSSIBILITY OF EXCHANGES OF EXPERTS IN EXISTING THIRD- 
COUNTRY PROGRAMS. WE'VE ALSO WORKED WITH AID TO MAKE OUR 
OTHER NEGATIVE RESPONSES AS PALATABLE AS POSSIBLE. IN- 




PAGE 06 STATE 327362 



TERESTINGLY, MOST PRESENTED THEIJ^RAFT TO OSTP BEFORE 
CIRCULATING IT IN THE ROKG. (JG>r<. 

8. (U) BUSINESSMEN BRIEFED 

cm DECEMBER 10 BLAKEMORE SHARED ANOTHER NEW YORK PODIUM 
WITH VISITING SEOUL ECON COUNSELOR MEL LEVINE. THE NATIONAL 
FOREIGN TRADE COUNCIL HAD ASSEMBLED A GROUP OF ABOUT 30 
REPRESENTATIVES OF MAJOR FIRMS ACTIVE IN KOREA WHO WERE 
INTERESTED IN OUR ASSESSMENT OF RECENT DEVELOPMENTS. THE 
GROUP WAS HEAVILY WEIGHTED IN FAVOR OF BANKS ANO OIL 
COMPANIES. BUT SEVERAL OTHER IMPORTANT CORPORATIONS WERE 
REPRESENTED AS WELL. AFTER A SPIRITED DISCUSSION, WHICH 
REVEALED AN IMPRESSIVE KNOWLEDGE OF KOREAN POLITICS AS WELL 
AS ECONOMICS AMONG THE PARTICIPANTS, 8L*KEM0HE ANO LEVINE 
WERE PLEASED TO BE INFORMED BY ONE EXECUTIVE IN ATTENDANCE 

PAGE NO. 






TEXT OF TELEQBAH 79ST*TE 387362 



THAT HE vroOLD URGE HIS FIRM TO PROCEED WITH A SIZEABLE 
EQUITY INVESTMENT IN KOREA. (DB) 

|INSURANCE COMPLAINT FILED 

ON DECEIKBER 14 STR ACCEPTED A COMPLAINT UNDER SECTION 301 
T3F THE TRADE ACT OF 1974 THAT THE ROKG IS INTERFERING IN 
THE COMMERCE OF THE UNITED STATES BY DENyiMG/LIMITING 
ACCESS OF U.S. FIRHS TO VARIOUS SEGMENTS OF THE INSURANCE 
kURKET IN KOREA. THIS ACTION, WHICH CAPS A LONG AND OFTEN 
ACRIMONIOUS DISCUSSION BETWEEN THE US FIRM AND THE 
ROKG'S INSURANCE REGULATORS, COULD SET AN IMPORTANT PRE- 
CEDENT WHICH OTHER US INDUSTRIES WOULD FOLLOW IF STR SHOULD 
RULE THAT RETALIATORY ACTION IS JUSTIFIED. SOME USG 
EXPERTS BELIEVE THAT AT LEAST A PART OF THE COMPLAINT, THAT 
DEALING WITH FIRE INSURANCE. IS VALID. (OB) 



i 




pftSE 07 STATE 327362 

10. A FOREIGN AFFAIRS CONSTITUENCY? (U) 

WE HAVE SEEN A REPORT THAT 75 PERCENT OF ALL TEXTBOOKS 
USED IN U.S. SCHOOLS DO NOT EVEN MENTION KOREA. NO 
WONDER WE OFTEN HAVE THE IMPRESSION THAT THERE IS NO 
FOREIGN AFFAIRS CONSTITUENCY. (D8) 

11. CHRISTMAS FESTIVITIEd^^ 

COUNSELOR PARK AND THE ENTIRE ROK EMBASSY POLITICAL 
SECTION HOSTED THE EA/K STAFF FOR AN ANNUAL PRE-HOLIDAY 
GATHERING AT DINNER AND THE KENNEDY CENTER (THE MESSIAH) 
LAST SATURDAY EVENING. ON FRIDAY, I SOUNDED OUT PARK AS 
TO WHETHER HE WANTED TO PROCEED AT THIS JUNCTURE WITH A 
VISIBLE FETE. BUT THE ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE NEW CABINET HAD 
RESTORED FLAGGING SPIRITS AT THE ROK EMBASSY AND HE AND HIS 
COLLEAGUES VOTED TO PROCEED. HE HAS AN IMPREjSjiVE STAFF OF 
ABLE YOUNGER OFFICERS HERE AT THIS TIME. (RORI VANCE 



PAGE NO 



i 



Date Printed: 02/20/1997 



DOC. 



CHANNEL: n/a 



*** Current Classification *** 
*** Current Handling Restrictions *** 

«<**** OASYS DOCUMEOT HEADER ***>» 

DOC_NBR= 82STATE208540 

FILM= D820390-0289 

DATE= 27 iJUh 82 

TYPE= TE 

FROM= STATE 

DRAFTER= F. M. DAVENPORT FM, MP 

OFFICE= ORIGIN EA 

T0= SEOUL 
DAKAR 

LAGOS 
MULTIPLE 



n/a 




3 



U Q 

— s 

to a - 



5X1 



CHANNEL= n/a 
ORIGHAND= n/a 
ORIGPHAND= n/a 
ORIGCLASS=( 
ORIGPCLASS= n/a 

E0= GS 19880727 BREER, WILLIAM T 
SOTJECT= PRESIDENT CHUN'S FORTHCOMING AFRICAN TRIP •.: 

REFERENCE= 82 SEOUL 7090 
CONTROL_NBR= n/a 

ENCLOSURE= n/a "• 
LOCATOR= TEXT ON-LINE, ON MICROFILM 
ERRORS = N/A 

CONCEPTS= DISPUTE SETTLEMENT, BRIEFING MATERIALS, FOREIGN POLICY POSITION, 
VISITS 



TAGS= PEPR, OVIP, US, XF, LE, KS, XA, GB, NI, SG, SO, XJ, (CHUN DOO HWAN) 



UnuckoD^i ILL) 



Date Printed: 02/20/1997 DOC.NUMBER: 82SUtl«UFQ6P«Sfii iLLI CHAHHEL: n/a 

PAGE 01 STATE 208540 
ORIGIN EA-12 

INFO OCT-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 INR-10 SS-10 AF-10 CIAE-00 

NEA-06 /049 R 

DRAFTED BY EA/K: F. M. DAVENPORT FM, MP 
APPROVED BY EA/K: W. T. BREER, ACTING 
AF/I: SUE PATRICK 
NEA/RA: N. WALKER 

061034 272204Z /60 

P R 272040Z JUL 82 ' 
FM SECSTATE WASHDC 
TO AMEMBASSY SEOUL PRIORITY 
INFO AMEMBASSY DAKAR 
AMEMBASSY LAGOS 
AMEMBASSY LIBREVILLE , 
AMEMBASSY MAIROBT 

FSTATE 208540 

E.O. 12065: GDS 7/27/88 (BREER, WILLIAM T.) 
TAGS: PEPR, GB, KE, NX, SG, SO, XA, XJ, XF , KS 
SUBJECT: PRESIDENT CHUN'S FORTHCOMING AFRICAN TRIP 



REF: SEOUL 7090 

1 . HERE AS REQUESTED ARE BRIEF POLICY STATEMENTS 

WHICHEMBASSY CAN PASS TO BLUE HOUSE SECRETARY LEE (M 
R: YI CHONG-CH'UN) AS BRIEFING. MATERIAL FOR PRESIDENT. 
CHUN'S FORTHCOMING AFRICAN TRIP. IN ADDITION TO THE 
BRIEFING TOPICS SUGGESTED REFTEL, WE HAVE INCLUDED 
MATERIAL ON THE HORN OF AFRICA PROBLEM. BRIEFING 
STATEMENTS FOLLOW: 

2 . ELEMENTS OF U.S. MIDDLE EAST POLICY . 

PEACE PROCESS. THE U.S. SEEKS A JUST AND LASTING 




PAGE 02 STATE 208540 

PEACE IN THE MIDDLE EAST. THE CAMP DAVID APPROACH TO 
PEACE IS THE ONLY PROVEN AND WORKABLE OPTION AT THIS 

POINT. 

LEBANON. IN LEBANON THE U.S. SEEKS AN IMMEDIATE END. 
TO THE FIGHTING AND A FORMULA THAT WILL PERMIT THE 

WITHDRAWAL OF PLO FIGHTERS AND ALL OTHER FOREIGN 
FORCES. WE SEEK A SOLUTION THAT WILL ENHANCE 
LEBANON'S SOVEREIGNTY, UNITY AND TERRITORIAL 




Date Printed: 02/20/1997 



DOC. 



CHAiniEL: n/a 



INTEGRITY AND ALSO PROTECTS THE SECURITY OF ISRAEL.. 

IRAQ-IRAN. THE U.S. IS NEUTRAL IN THE IRAQ-IRAN 
CONFLICT. WE HAVE SUPPORTED UN RESOLUTIONS WHICH 
CALL FOR AN END TO THE FIGHTING AND NEGOTIATED 
SETTLEMENT WHICH GUARANTEES THE TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY 
AND SOVEREIGNTY OF BOTH COUNTRIES. THE CONFLICT IS 
DESTABILIZING TO THE AREA, PARTICULARLY WITH REGARD 
TO THE PERSIAN GULF COUNTRIES. ' 

PALESTINIANS. IN THE CONTEXT OF SEEKING AN OVERALL 

MIDDLE EAST PEACE, THE U.S. IS RESOLVED TO ADDRESS 
THE PALESTINIAN PROBLEM IN ALL ITS ASPECTS. WE HAVE 
CALLED UPON THE PLO TO RECOGNIZE ISRAEL'S RIGHT TO 
EXIST AND TO ACCEPT UNSC RESOLUTIONS 242 AND 338 IP 
IT WISHES TO ENTER INTO A DIALOGUE WITH THE U.S. 

AFGHANISTAN. THE U.S. CONDEMNS THE SOVIET INVASION 
OF AFGHANISTAN AND CALLS FOR THE WITHDRAWAL OF ALL 
SOVIET TROOPS FROM THAT COUNTRY THROUGH A NEGOTIATED 
SETTLEMENT THAT IS ACCEPTABLE TO THE AFGHAN PEOPLE 
AND THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY. 




PAGE 03 STATE 208540 

WESTERN SAHARA. THE U.S. SEEKS A NEGOTIATED 
SETTLEMENT TO THE CONFLICT IN THE WESTERN SAHARA AND 
SUPPORTS' THE EFFORTS OF THE OAU TOWARD THAT END. 

• REGIONAL SECURITY. THE U.S. IS COMMITTED TO ASSIST 
FRIENDLY STATES IN THE AREA TO MEET THEIR LEGITIMATE 
DEFENSE NEEDS. 

3 . ^BHP SOUTHERN AFRICA NEGOTIATIONS 

EARLY LAST YEAR THE • REAGAN ADMINISTRATION PROPOSED A 
THREE-PHASED APPROACH AIMED AT OBTAINING AN 
INTERNATIONALLY ACCEPTABLE INDEPENDENCE SETTLEMENT 
FOR NAMIBIA BASED ON UN SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION 
435. ON JULY 12 A LETTER WAS SENT TO THE UN 
SECRETARY GENERAL, WITH THE APPROVAL OF ALL PARTIES 
TO THE NEGOTIATIONS ; ANNOUNCING THE SUCCESSFUL 
CONCLUSION OF PHASE ONE. WE ARE NOW ENGAGED IN AN 
INTENSE ROUND OF DISCUSSIONS WITH ALL PARTIES ON 

PHASE TWO ISSUES; WE ARE WORKING TO A TIMETABLE THAT 
WOULD PRODUCE IMPLEMENTATON OF UNSCR 435 WITHIN THE 
NEXT SEVERAL WEEKS AND ELECTIONS IN NAMIBIA IN EARLY 
1983 . ALL PARTIES ARE WORKING DILIGENTLY TO MOVE THE 
PROCESS FORWARD AS RAPIDLY AS POSSIBLE. HOWEVER, FOR 
THIS TIMETABLE TO BE ACHIEVED, IT IS NECESSARY THAT 




Date Printed: 02/20/1997 




CHANNEL: n/a 



THERE ALSO BE SIGNIFICANT MOVEMENT ON THE ISSUE OF 
THE WITHDRAWAL OF CUBAN COMBAT FORCES FROM ANGOLA. 




HORN OF AFRICA. 



THE HORN OF AFRICA IS STRATEGICALLY LOCATED WITH 
RESPECT TO THE PERSIAN GULF /SOUTHWEST ASIA REGION, 
IT HAS ASSUMED INCREASING IMPORTANCE TO THE U.S. IN 
OUR SOUTHWEST ASIA STRATEGY. WE CONCLUDED MILITARY 
ACCESS AGREEMENTS WITH KENYA" AND SOMALIA IN 1980. 




PAGE 04 STATE 208540 



THE SOVIET PRESENCE IN ETHIOPIA AS WELL AS IN 
NEIGHBORING SOUTH- YEMEN IS A SERIOUS CONCERN TO US . 
THE AUGUST 1981 TRIPARTITE PACT AMONG ETHIOPIA, LIBYA 
AND SOUTH YEMEN HAS LED TO ACTIVE LIBYAN AND 
ETHIOPIAN DESTABILIZATION EFFORTS AGAINST SUDAN AND 
SOMALIA . 

THE POLITICAL-MILITARY SITUATION IN THE HORN IS 
COMPLICATED BY BOTH INTERNAL AND REGIONAL CONFLICTS 
AND INSTABILITIES AND TANGLED EXTERNAL ALLIANCES. 
SOMALI IRREDENTISM LED TO AN UNDECLARED SOMALI-KENYAN 
WAR IN THE LATE 196 0S AND A FXH^L-SCALE SOMALI 
INVASION OF THE OGADEN REGION OF ETHIOPIA IN 1977-78 
WHICH WAS DEFEATED ONLY BY MASSIVE INFUSIONS OF 
SOVIET AID AND CUBAN TROOPS ON THE ETHIOPIAN SIDE. 
OTHER CONTINUING PROBLEMS INCLUDE THE 20- YEAR-OLD 
SECESSIONIST REBELLION IN ETHIOPIA'S PROVINCE OF 
ERITREA ON THE RED SEA COAST BORDERING SUDAN, AND THE 
LEGACY OF SUDAN'S 17-YEAR NORTH-SOUTH CIVIL WAR, 
SETTLED IN 1972. ETHIOPIA'S LATEST EFFORT TO CRUSH 
THE ERITREAN REBELLION, A MASSIVE OFFENSIVE BEGUN IN 
DECEMBER 1981, HAS NOT RESOLVED THE UNDERLYING 
PROBLEM WHICH ULTIMATELY CAN ONLY BE SETTLED 
POLITICALLY . 



THESE REGION/^ CONFLICTS AND INSTABILITIES ARE 
RESPONSIBLE FOR THE CURRENT FIGHTING ON THE 
ETHIOPIA- SOMALIA BORDER. DESPITE CONFLICTING CLAIMS, 
IT IS CLEAR TO US THAT THERE HAS BEEN AN INCURSION 
INTOSOMALIAIN SEVERALAREASBY ETHIOPIANAND 



ETHIOPIAI^J SUPPORTED FORCES. 



THESE INCURSIONS ARE 




PAGE 05 



STATE 208540 



Date Printed: O: 



_NUHBSR: 82STATE208540 



CHANNEL: n/a 



GREATER IN SCALE AND DEPTH THAN PREVIOUS SUCH 
INCIDENTS, AND APPEAR DESIGNED TO UNDERMINE THE 

SOMALI GOVERNMENT. 



THE SOMALI GOVERNMENT HAS REQUESTED U.S. ASSISTANCE 
AS IT ATTEMPTS TO MEET THESE MULTIPLE ATTACKS. IN 
RESPONSE, WE ARE TAKING SEVERAL STEPS, INCLUDING 
ACCELERATED DELIVERY OF CERTAIN MILITARY SUPPLIES AS 
WELL AS VARIOUS DIPLOMATIC ACTIONS. WE ARE HOPEFUL 
THAT OUR MEASURED ACTION AND DIPLOMACY WILL HELP 
PERSUADE THE ETHIOPIANS TO WITHDRAW WITH A MINIMUM OF 
FURTHER COMBAT. SHULTZ 



NNN 



*** Current Handling Restrictions ***_ 
*** Current Classification *** 



Page 




TELEGRA 



UNCIASSIFIEO 



UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 01 
ACTION NEA-07 



AN'. 07900k3-03l3 



KUWAIT OOMBfi 290B202 



DEPARTMENT OF STATE 



64 RELEASE ( ) DECLASSIFY 
( ) EXCISE { J DcCLASSIFY 

I ) DtNr IH PAiiT 

I ) DELETE Non -Responsive Info 

FO»A Exemptlona 

9h Exemptions . 



IS/FPC/CDR ^qVL DM« .^f ^ 



INFO OCT-02 EUR-12 ISO-00 OES-09 NASA-Oa NSF-02 OOE-lS 
SOE-02 CIAE-00 PM-OS H-02 INR-10 L-03 NSAE-00 
NSC-05 PA-02 SP-02 SS-15 NAS-01 /'OSS U 

I02M79 2909002 /II 

R 2906062 JAN 79 
Fh AMcMBASSr KUkAIT 
TO SECSTATE HASHOC 2S€ti 
INFO AMEMBASSY ABU DHABI 
AMEM8ASSV DOHA 
AflEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY MANAMA 
AMEMBASSY MUSCAT 
SECDEF WASHDC 
USCINCEUR 
USICA WASHDC 



MR Cases Only: 
EO Citations. 



. T5 tutfwrliy ta. 



( ) CLASSIFY as ( ) 8 or ( ) C 

( J DOWNGRADE TS tO ( ) S Or ( ) C 



UNCLAS KUWAIT 0MB6 
CINCEUR ALSO FOR POLAD 



E.O. i206S: N/A 

TAGSt MPOL, PINS, MASS, SOPN, TGEN, KU 

SUBJECT! -UFO" SIGHTI/iGS CAUSE SECUfilTY CONCERN IN KUUAIT 



1 . A SERIES OF -UFO-SIGHTINQS ON NOVEMBER 9 CAUSED THE 
G0< TO APPOINT AN INVESTIGATORY COMMITTEE OF EXPERTS FROM 
THE KUWAIT INSTITUTE FOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH (KISR). 

THE COMMITTEE'S REPORT WHICH WAS RELEASED JANUARY 20 DESCRIBED 
EIGHT SIGHTINGS FROM NOVEMBER TO DECEMBER 1*4. A NUMBER OF 
THE EARLY SIGHTINGS TOOK PLACE NEAR A KUWAIT OIL COMPANY. 
GATHERING CENTER NORTH OF KUWAIT CITY. RELEASE OF THE 
COMMITTEE'S REPORT WAS SOMETHING OF A MEDIA EVENT AS IT 
COINCIDED WITH JAN 21 FRONT PAGE STORIES OF YET ANOTHER -UFQ- 
SIGHTJNG OVER KUWAIT CITY, WHICH INCLUDED PHOTOGRAPHS IN 
LOCAL NEWSPAPERS. 
UNCLASSIFIED 
UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 KUWAIT 0OMB6 2908202 

2. THE KISR committee: BE3tiT^iTHErNiiri6^*'lF{ii*:rHE 

••* : \: 

UNCLASSIFIED 



^ UNCLASSIFIED 

-UPO'S- HERB ESPIONAGE DEVICES BUT REMAINED EQUIVOCAL 
ABOUT WHETHER THEY WERE OF EXTRATERRESTRIAL ORIGIN. 
THE KISR COMMITTEE REPRESENTATIVE, RAT 18 ABU 10, TOLD 
EMBOFF THAT THE SCIENTISTS DID NOT KNOW ENOUGH ABOUT THE 
PHENOMENA TO SAY WITH CERTAINTY THAT THEY WEREN'T 
"SPACESHIPS.- THE REPORT WENT 

ON TO RECOMMEND THAT THE GOVERNMENT TAKE ALL POSSIBLE 
MEASURES TO PROTECT KUWAITIS AIR SPACE AND TERRITORY AS 
WELL AS THE COUNTRY'S OIL RESOURCES. 

3. SOME LOCAL WAGS HAVE MADE LIGHT OF THE FIRST UFO 
SIGHTINGS WHICH CAME i^EAR THE END OF THE LONG AND 
TRADITIONALLY EXUBERANT HOLIDAY CELEBRATIONS OF ID-AL- 
AOHA. HOWEVER WE HAVE LEARNED RECENTLY OF AN EVENT 
COINCIDENT WITH ONE OF THE UFO SIGHTINGS WHICH HAS 
CONFOUNDED SOME OF OUR MOST LEVEL-HEADED KUWAITI FRIENDS, 
AND MAY HAVE BEEN WHAT "PERSUADED THE GOK TO MAKE A SERIOUS 
INVESTIGATION OF THE MATTER. A SENIOR KUWAIT OIL COMPANY 
(KOC) OFFICIAL TOLD US THE THE -UFO- WHICH FIRST 
APPEARED OVER THE NORTHERN OIL FIELDS SEEMINGLY DID 
STRANGE THINGS TO KOC'S AUTOMATIC PUMPING EQUIPMENT. 
THIS EQUIPMENT IS DESIGNED TO SHUT ITSELF DOWN 
WHEN THERE IS SOME FAILURE WHICH MAY SERIOUSLY DAMAGE 
THE PETROLEUM GATHERING AND TRANSMISSION SYSTEM AND 
U CAN ONLY BERESTARTEO MANUALLY. AT THE TIME OF THE 
-UFO'S- APPEARANCE THE PUMPING SYSTEM AUTOMATICALLY 
SHUT ITSELF DOWN AND WHEN THE -UPO" VANISHED THE 
SYSTEM STARTED ITSELF UP AGAIN. THIS EVENT WAS NOT 
ADDRESSED. BY THE KISR COMMITTEE REPORT. 

^. EVEN THOSE WHO ARE NOT INCLINED TO BELIEVE IN 

UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 KUWAIT 00MB6 2908202 



VISITORS FROM OUTER SPACE DO TEND TO THINK SOMETHING 
STRANGE HAS BEEN GOING ON IN KUWAITI AIRSPACE. 
THERE HAS BEEN SPECULATION, FOR EXAMPLE, ABOUT 
HELICOPTERS OR HOVERCRAFT BRINGING REFUGEES OR 
MONEY OUT OF BELEAGUERED IRAN. AT THE LEAST, THE 
PHENOMENA HAVE STIMULATED A NEW DEGREE OF INTEREST 
AMONG TOP KUWAITI OFFICIALS IN THE COUNTRY'S AIR 
DEFENSE SYSTEM, WHICH DID NOT REACT IN ANY WAY TO THE 
-EVENTS- IN THE KOC NORTH FIELD BECAUSE IT" WAS CLOSED DOWN 
FOR THE NIGHT (SEPTEL). 
MAESTRONE 



ONCL-A^frfFItB.*.." 



TEXT OF TELEGRAK 88ADANA 000612 



• • ■ • 
•••••• 



PAGE 01 ADANA 00612 12155' 2 

ACTION EUR-00 

INFO LOG-00 ADS-00 INR-10 

NEA-06 NSCE-00 NSAE-00 HA-C9 

IKRE-00 RP-10 USIE-00 SP-02 
/056 W 



CIAE-00 DODE-00 H-01 
L-03 PM-10 PA-01 

C-01 PRS-01 P-02 



-223650 130522Z ■/2l' 



R 121500Z OCT 88 
FM AMCONSUL ADANA 
TO'SECSTATE WASHDC 4546 
INFO AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY BAGHDAD 
AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS 
AMCONSUL ISTANBUL 
AMCONSUL IZMIR 



DEPARTMENT OF STATE 



( ) 3f LSAS: 



lADANA 0612 



SI4.. 



i( ) rCV/iiuKALiil TS K ( ) S or 



E.O. 12356: DECL: OADR 

TAGS: PREF, PHUM , PGOV , TU ' 12, IR 

SUBJECT: GOT ATTEMPTS TO CONTROL THE REFUGEE CAMPS 
REF: ANKARA 12507 
ij^HmmP- ENTIRE TEXT. 

2. SUMMARY: THE GOT IS KEEPING ORDER IN THE REFUGEE CAMPS 



PAGE 02 RUFTWPA6815 CONFIDENTIAL ADANA 0612 
DESPITE FLARE-UPS AMONG THE IRAQI KURLE WHICH CAUSED AT LEAST 
ONE DEATH (REFTEL) AND NUMEROUS INJURIES. GOT SECURITY FORCES 
MAY FACE EVEN GREATER RESTIVENESS ArONG THE REFUGEES AS THE 
KURDS BECOME MORE FAMILIAR WITH THEIR SURROUNDINGS AND LESS 
WILLING TO ACCEPT THE STRICTURES OF AUTHORITY. AN OCTOBER 12 
WARNING TO LOCAL JOURNALISTS ABOUT HciPORTING ON THE REFUGEES 




PAGE 02 ADANA 00612 121557Z 

MAY BE A HARBINGER OF GREATER RESTRI^Tl VENESS IN ACCESS TO THE 
CAMPS AND IS CERTAINLY AN .INDICATIO;.' OF HEIGHTENED SENSITIVITY 
ABOUT CLASHES BETWEEN GROUPS OF KURDS WITHIN THE CAMPS. END 
SUMMARY . 

3. THE GOT HAS FACED DIFFICULTIES IV. KEEPING ORDER IN THE 
KURDISH REFUGEE CAMPS BUT HAS GENERALLY MANAGED TO MAINTAIN 
CALM DESPITE THE FACT THAT IT IS DEALING WITH A POPULATION 
NOT USED TO TIGHT CONTROLS. ^TH^ glTliAJiqii /irRj;(iE8. COBPLJ.- 

:*: : .: ; • J'a|e:i{o. i 



:T of TEI^RAM 88ADANA 000612 



-.:ED by the fact that the REFUijkElPtl^lJLftTIOB. qtJIfJWIlJSjWftJlj*. 
:?.ONG SYKFATHIZERS WITH THE TUjyllfft^yi^^Isfl'feEpAiaurtSr Piii* 

:::E PKK ;-IILITANTS may have infiltrated into the fjEFljolE • 

pulation, but got suspicions of the number^of infiltrj'.tions 
■h: probably exaggerated. ( '3elieves that 



mssre 



: 3E 03 RUFTWPA6815 CONFIDENTIAL ADANA 0612 
-^^NUMBE3 OF PKK AMONG THE REFUGEES IS ACTUALLY VERY LOW. 

"jftRGUES THAT NEARLY ALL OF THE PKK MILITANTS ARE" TURKISH " 
■^.DS AND AS SUCH COULD BE EASILY SPOTTED BY GOT SECURITY 

; - SSONNEL. 

ONE S2KI0US EXAMPLE OF REFUGEE UNREST (REFTEL) OCCURRED 9/16 
THE UZUN SIRT CAMP NEAR YUKSEKOVA IN HAKKARI . PESHMERGES 
■:i-D THE 3UBG0VERN0R AND MAYOR OF YUKSEKOVA CAPTIVE FOR 
;:T "ERAL HOURS TO PROTEST THE REMOVAL OF TWO SUSPECTED PKK 
: .".l-ITANTS (INCLUDING A PESHMERGE L2ADER) FROM THE CAMP BY 
'.-■rURITY FORCES. TWELVE PESHMERGES WERE LATER CHARGED WITH 
..riVOLY HESISTING SECURITY FORCES. 

:. THE OTTCBER 12 PRBSS REPORTED THAT 10,362 INHABITANFS OF 
:::z uzun sirt camp and'* the neighboring CAMP at su ustu have 




;.-.3E 03 ADANA" 00612 121557Z 

LEFT FOR IRAN AND IRAQ. (AN 'ESTIMATED 9,000 WENT TO IRAN.) 
Zr.S GOT REPORTEDLY PLANS TO CLOSE THE SU USTU CAMP AND COII- 

CrNTRATE THE REMAINING PESHMERGES AT UZUN SIRT. 

•:. ALTHOUGH CONDITIONS AT THE REFUGEE CAMPS IN MARDIN, 



" ie 64 rufrwpa6815 confidential adana 0612 
::lopi, a!id diyarbakir are reportedly good, the more primitive 
riflativbly isolated camps near yuksekova (su ustu and uzun 
;. ::;t) have been allegedly plagued by a scarcity of supplies. 

■ 'Z situation is FURTHER COMPLICATED BY THE ONSET OF WINTER. 
: : :-HTTIME TEMPERATURES AT YEKSEKOVA ARE ALREADY FALLING BEr.OW 
"L'EZING. 

" . in virtually all of the camps there have been instancrs 

fighting between kurds who have decided to accept the 
:• -.qi offer of amnesty and those who plan to go elsewhere, 
l .r.lier press reports claimed the clashes resulted in 2 
:i..ths. more recently, "ekspres" on october 8, reported that 
; :lash in the diyarbakir camp resulted in injuries to 40 
?r-hmerges and 6 turkish national police (tnp) . another 20 
; ihmerges were reportedly treated for injuries after 

:..:ILAR incidents in the YUKSEKOVA AREA. IT IS IN REACTION 
THIS L;.TTER confrontation, SJW f ERtiApS .T0,J)5TERJaR4ffH*S 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 88ADANA 000612 



CONDITIONS AT THE YUKSEKOVA CAljpS ^fi^V. JlCq^jWi^o: CTTC^SR' 
12 "HURRIYET," AREA REPORTERS VlsftS jOWIcatEES rSO.J^ll^ ^^^fife**, 
POLICE STATION AND ASKED NOT TO REPORT ANYTHING REGARDING* "* 



PAGE 05 RUFTWPA6815 CONFIDENTIAL ADANA 0612 
THE PESHMERGES UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE. 

8. .COMMENT: THE GOT HAS TAKEN ON A DIFFICULT TASK IN ATTEMPT 




PAGE 04 ADANA 00512 12I557Z 



ING TO CONFINE AND CONTROL A POPULATION USED TO GOING VERY 
MUCH ITS OWN WAY AND ONE THAT HAS, IN ADDITION, A LONG TRADI- 
TION OF RESISTENCE TO ANY AUTHORITY BEYOND THAT OF THE TRIBE. 
THE IRAQI KURDS IN THE CAMPS, MOREOVER, NOW HAVE NO ANIMALS 
TO TEND AND LITTLE TO OCCUPY THE;:R TIME. SQUABBLING IN SUCH 
A SITUATION IS ALMOST INEVITABLE, EVEN WITHOUT THE EMOTIONAL 
ISSUE OF RETURNING TO IRAQ OH REMAINING IN TURKEY, TO FOMENT 
QUARRELS. THE GOT HAS UNTIL NOh ALLOWED THE PRESS TO REPORT 
FAIRLY FREELY ON DEVELOPMENTS Ih THE CAMPS. IF TENSION WITHIN 
THE CAMPS CONTINUES, HOWEVER, SECURITY FORCES ARE LIKELY TO 
BE LESS WILLING TO ALLOW JOURNAL IflTS AND FOREIGN OBSERVERS 
ACCESS EXCEPT UNDER FAIRLY STRICT CONDITIONS- 
.COLE 



CONFIDENIIAL 




NNNN 



T OF TELEGRAM 88uSUN H002700 



• * • • 

• • * 



-.E 01 USUN .V 02700 150106Z 

.VTIDK 10-19 



• • . . ; ;,. :,• 



TO 



LOG-00 
DODE-00 
L-03 
SP-02 
"T-bl" 



ADS-00 
NEA-06 
PM-10 
DOEE-00 
/088 K 



INR-10 
NSCE-00 
EAP-00 
SNP-01 



EUR- 00 
ARA-00 
NRRC-01 
C-01 



SS-00 
NSAE-00 
IhRE-00 
SAKN-01 



AF-00 CIAE-00 
SSO-00 HA-09 
OES-09 ACDA-12 
SAHTrOl _E-02 . 



005033 150116Z /70 

•-50104Z SEP 88 

■USKISSION USUN NEW YORK 
. SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 7468 
.TO UN SECURITY COUNCIL COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE 
■■^FWAR COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE 
.MISSION GENEVA IMMEDIATE 



I USUN NEW YORK 02700 



12356: DECL: OADR 
-.33: PHEL, UNSC, IH, TU 
■.EJECT: IRAQI CW UiSS AGAINST KURDS 



USUN 2685 



::*(3l /informed misoff september 14th 

:-;at syg had asked th?^iraqi charge on September 13TH 

■JE his GOVERNMENT'S AGREEMENT TO RECEIVE A TEAM TO 
;:veSTIGATE CHARGES OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS USE. AS OF 
:-3 SEPTEMBER 14TH IRAQIS HAVE NOT RESPONDED TO THE 
:3. THE SECRETARIAT HAS A CONTINGENCY PLAN TO PURSUE 

SUBJECT WITH A THIRD COUNTRY (TURKEY) BUT HAS NOT 
:-.Z SO, PENDING THE IRAQI RESPONSE. OKUN 



9c^o3 9<r/ 



ZZZn OF TSLEGRAM 88SENEVA010083 



• • • • • 
• • • ''t • 
< • • • • 



■■\GE 01 
TTION RP-10 



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243701 1311CeZ /lO 

130901Z SEP 88 . . -._ _ ■ — ■ . . .. 

: USMISSION GENEVA " ~ 
; SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 7911 
■EMBASSY BAGHDAD 
:EMBASSY ANKARA 



CIAE-00 
/062 W 



GENEVA 10083 



DEPARTMENT OF STATE 



( ) RELEASE 



. 0. 12356: DECL:OADR 

-.33: PREF, IZ, TU 

:3JECT: UNHCR AND IRAQI KURDS 

ENTIRE TEXT. 



IS J . 



Ilf RESPONSE TO A QUERY, UNHCR ADVISED THE KISSIDN 
-PTEHBER 12 THAT ITS "ONE-WEEK, UNOFFICIAL, PRELIMINARY 
;3ESSHENT TEAM" WOULD ARRIVE IN TURKEY SEPTEMBER 12 TO 
SSEP.S THE SITUATION OF THE IRAQI KURDS. THE MISSIOH, 
:.K3ISTING OF THE DEPUTY OFFICE DIRECTOR FOR THE MIDDLE 
kST, A LEGAL ADVISER AKD A PROGRAM OFFICER, WILL FOCUS 
; MEDICAL, FOOD, TRANSPORTATION AND SHELTER NEEDS. HCR 
-.S A COMMITMENT FROM THE TURKISH GOVERNMENT THAT THE 
."AM WILL BE PERMITTED TO GO TO THE SITES WHERE THE 
IrUGEES ARE. 



THE UNHCR OFFICER SAID THAT THE ASSESSMENT TEAM 
3IT WAS UNLIKELY TO RESULT IN A SPECIAL APPEAL. ITS 
-•RPOSE WAS, INSTEAD, TO ALLOW UNHCR TO SATISFY ITSELF 
.-:.^T THE TURKISH GOVERNMENT HAS THE SITUATION UNDEF: 
-:iTROL AS REPORTS FROM VARIOUS INDEPENDENT SOURCES 
:OICATE AND TO. BE ABLE TO RESPOND TO QUERIES WITH 




■.3E 02 GENEVA 10083 130902Z 

IHST-HAND INFORMATION. 



UmSIFlEP 



te::t. of tslegeah escENEVAoiooss 



7 THE MISSION 
WILL REMAIN IN TURKEY UNTIL SEPTEMBER IST* 

5. IN IRAN, A TEAM FROM UNHCR'S TEHERAN OFFICE WENT TO 
THE IRANIAN SIDE OF THE BORDER IN THE AFFECTED AREA. 

_ TE.=:X. FOUND ,6,000 IRAQI KURt'S, 4,000 OF WHOM HAD COM E VIA ... 

"TUHKE? and "2 Voob" directly from IRAN. THE IRANIAN " 
GOVERNMENT IS BUILDING GUEST VILLAGES WITH HOUSING 
SUBSTANTIAL TO WITHSTAND TliE COMING COLD. 

PETROKE 



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041259Z SEP 98 
: AMEMBASSY BAGHDAD 
: SECSTATE '^JASHDC PRIORITY 8083 
'70 AMEMBAS-IY ANKARA PRIORITY 
.::ONSUL ADASA PRLORITY 

::iSSION GESEVA PRIORITY 
■MISSION USJN NEW YORK PRIORITY 



DtPA;5T.7.: 



: ■ S or ; 
■ It i'P 



SECTION 01 OF 02 BAGHDAD 04832 

.3. 12356: DnCL: OADR 
.GS: PREL, P:?EF , UNHCR , IZ, TU 

-■3JECT: DETENTION CAMPS FOR KURDISH POPULATION 



STATE 289901 




ENTIRE TEXT. 



: . VnjEN IT FIRST BECAME APPARENT THAT SADDAM HUSSEIN 
;:.-.D DETERMINED ON THE KURDISH VILLAGE DESTRUCTION 

r;.::PAiGN, in the spring of i987, we began receiving 

: ".".torts that significant numbers of KURDS WERE BEING 
■- .-.NSPORTED from THE MOUNTAINS EITHER INTO THE 
"-.iEHT ABOUND THE JORDAN BORDER STATION OF RUTBA, 
Z: CMSPS NEAR FALLUJA AND RAMADI, OR TO THE SOUTH 
,V'.!SPECIFIED) . THESE REPORTS FIT WITH THE PATTERN 
r.iTABLISHED I-) EARLIER ANTI-KURDISH CAMPAIGNS IN THE 
:'50'S AND 1970'S. WE HAVE NOT BEEN ABLE TO OBTAIN 
~ : ?,5T-HAND CONFIRMATION ABOUT NUMBERS INVOLVED OR 




3E 02 BAGHDA 04832 01 OF 02 0413022 



L.TALITIES. OUR IMPRESSION IS THAT LARGE NUMBERS 
"-.--: NOT INVOLVED IN THESE LENGTHY TRANSFERS AND 
PROBABLY INVOLVE IMMEDIATE FAMILIES OF MEN 
;■ 3WN TO SERVE AS PESHMERGAS. 



OUR OWN TRAVEL IN KURDISTAN HAS CONFIRMED THE 
.3SIVE DESTRl'CTION OF VILLAGES AND EVEN SEVERAL 
:ZEaBLE TOWNS ALONG ALL THE MAIN HIGHWAYS OF THE 



• PtciS tct 




TELE3HAH 88BAGHDA004832 



^OSUL PROVINCE BY COMPARISON HA} PQ-'^: SPiRElJ/ijBTKr *, 
ITS OUTLYING VILLAGES ARE PRINClPAKj'cHRIE'PIANV*'** 
SUNNI-ARAB, TURKOHEN, AND YAZIDI; A;«) THE KURDISH 
PRESENCE WEST OF MOSUL WAS LARGELY ZXPELLED IN THE 
1970 'S (PERHAPS BECAUSE OF PROXIMITi' TO SYRIA). 



4. WE HAVE OBSERVED THREE LARGE AR2AS OF CONSTRUC- 
TION IN SULAYHANIYYA PROVINCE WHERE NEW TOWNS ARE 

BEING CONSTRUCTED TO HOUSE KURDS BEIHG HEHOVED FRO M 

" ADJACENT AREAS: 1. " BAVIAN VALLEY BETWEEN 'THE TWO 
MOUNTAIN RID3ES WHICH LIE BETWEEN KIRKUK AND 
SULAYMANIYYA. 2. THE PLAIN SOUTHEAST OF ARBAT, 
SOUTH OF SULAYMANIYYA. 3. THE HILLf. EAST OF KILAR 
IN THE DIYALA VALLEY, SOUTHERNMOST IRAQI KURDISTAN. 
THESE NEW TOrfNS DO NOT APPEAR TO BE FENCED OR 
GUARDED IN THE STYLE OF DETENTION CaMPS BUT RATHER 
SEEM SIMPLY TO BE NEW TOWNS. THE TRAiJiTIONAL 
AGRARIAN LIVELIHOOD OF THE KURDS IH ^^lESE NEW 
TOWNS IS OF COURSE NOT PROVIDED FOR. 




IN JUNE 

lELY NEW VILLAGES~LAID OUO. tS GRID 



PAGE 03 BA6HDA 04832 01 OF OP. 041302Z 

PATTERN IN WESTERN DOHUK PROVINCE BIlTWEEN THE TIGRIS 
AND THE WESTERNMOST RIDGELINE POINTING TOWARD THE 
SYRIAN BORDER AT FAYSHKHABUR. THHSL VILLAGES ARE 
SURROUNDED BY A FENCE AND GUARD TOWERS AND HAVE 
THE APPEARANCE OF DETENTION CENTERS. 3trT WITHIN 
WHICH KURDISH FAMILY LIFE— WOMEN IN CCLORFUL DRESS, 
MEN IN BAGGY PANTS, GEESE STRUTTING, CHILDREN 
PLAYING IN THE MUCK—GOES ON. 

6. NO WESTERN OBSERVERS THAT WE KNOW OF HAVE 
TRAVELED IN RECENT YEARS NORTH OF AHBIL OR EAST 
OF AMADIYYA, I.E., INTO THE KBP/BARZANI HEARTLAND 
THAT LIES ALONG THE MOUNTAINOUS BORDER WITH TURKEY 
EAST TO IRAN. IT HAS BEEN OUR UNCONFIRMED IM- 
PRESSION THAT THE TRADITIONALLY PR0-K2GIME TRIBES 
OF THE SURCHI AND HERKI JUST TO THE NORTH OF ARBIL 
—THE TRIBES THAT ALSO HAVE BEEN INSTRUMENTAL IN 
PROTECTING WORKERS BUILDING THE BEKHKS DAM WHERE 
THE GREATER ZAB BREAKS OUT OF THE MAIN RIDGELINES 
—HAVE NOT BEEN SUBJECTED TO MASSIVE VILLAGE 
DESTRUCTION. WE HAVE TAKEN IT AS GIVEN THAT THE 
REGIME WOULD ERADICATE BARZANI'S PLACES OF REFUGE 
AT ANY OPPORTUNITY. WE HAVE NO INFORMATION ABOUT 
THE EXTENT TO WHICH DESTRUCTION IN BARZANI TERRAIN 
TOOK PLACE BEFORE THE LATEST PERIOD, BUT IT IS 
CLEAR, ON THE BASIS OF PUBLIC STATEMENTS FROM THE 

,•: : : : : : *• 




.IT OF TELEGRAM 88BAGHDA004832 



.'^DS AND REPORTS FROM TURKEY "SilTlintAT tRE?Jj:OS-*r 
OCCURRED IN SOUTHERN AMD N0F?rHWe9TERN»«»U?il{l3T^»' 

now taxing place comprehensively in northeast- 
:i kurdistam. we have not been able to observe 
construction of new towns or detention camps 

; THE northeastern zone, since TRAVEL EVEN PROM 
■3IL TO SHAQLAWA AND ROWANDUZ HAS BEEN IMPOSSIBLE 




r:;::N 



imcussEo 

: \ :.: : : .: : j 



TEXT OF TriEGiyVM 88BAGHDA004832 



• •9 •« 

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041307Z /41 



P 041259Z SEP 88 

FH'aHEHBASSY BAGHDAD 

TO SECST.'iTE WASHDC PRIORITY 8084 

INFO AMEMBASSY ANKARA PRIORITY 
AMCONSUL ADANA PRIORITY 
USHISSION GENEVA PRIORITY 
USKISSIOi-r USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 

SECTION 32 3F 02 BAGHDAD 04832 

E-O. 12356: DECL: OADR 

TAGS: PREL, PREP, UNHCR, IZ, TU 

SUBJECT: DETENTION CAMPS FOR KU.IDiSH POPULATION 
UP TO THE PRESENT. 



7. THE NORTHERN CITIES OF MOSUL, DOHUK, ARBIL, AND 
SULAYMANIYYA ARE ALL TEEMING WITH POPULATION AND 
EXPANDING VERY RAPIDLY INTO THEI3 HINTERLANDS. 
MOSUL WHICH WAS NEVER PREVIOUSLY i CITY WITH A LARGE 
KURDISH POPULATION IS NOW FULL OF KURDS IN ADDITION 
TO ITS TRADITIONAL SUNNI-ARAB ANr CHRISTIAN POPULA- 
TIONS. WE SURMISE THAT MANY KURIS DISPLACED FROM 
VILLAGES HAVE MOVED TO THESE CIT:3S. 



6LASPIE 



NNNN 




TEXT. OF TELEGRAM 87BAGHDA003265 



ADP731 



:•; V-.::- : : • IMit 



PAGE 01 BAGHDA 03265 091225Z 

fi::TI01i MEA-11 



SS-00 CIAE-00 DODE-00 
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INFO LOG-00 COPY-01 kDS-OO INR-10 
NSCE-00 KSAE-00 HA-09 PM-10 
C-01 P-02 /056 W 

. 174012 0?1349Z /40 

? Q91220Z JUL 87 

FM AHEMBASSY BAGHDAD 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4427 D£PA(?Tment o? STSTc 

I'TO GULF WAR COLLECTIVE PRIOHITY O'Cjliy 7~:~-rr-~: 



IBAGUDAD 03265 



Z.C. 12356: DECL:OADR 
rSGS: HOPS, PINS, PHUM, IZ 



PA EAcrnjinna 



SUBJECT: KURDISH SITUATION UPDATE: MOVING THEM T 
i. SECRET ENTIRE TEXT. 



^3i03'=iri 



2. WHILE WE HAVE NOT HEARD OF MAJOR TROUBLES IN 
KURDISH TOWNS AND CITIES RECENTLY, GOVERNMENT 
FORCES THERE APPARENTLY HAVE BEEN REINFORCED, 
TROUBLE CONTINUES IN OUTLYING AREAS WITH MORE 
KURDISH TRIBESMEN RESISTING DESTRUCTION OF THEIr 
VILLAGES OR TAKING UP AR>!S AS GUERRILLAS. IRAf. 
OFFICIALS CONTINUE TO TAKE A TOUGH LINE AND EX- 
Pr.ESS CONFIDENCE THAT THE IRAQI AR MY- CA N HANDLE 
EVEN A LARGER NUMBER OF GUERRILLAS,! 



]llF THE ARMY FINDS KURDISH MEN ABSENT 
FROM THE^LLAGES, IT PRESUMES THEM TO BE 
GUERRILLAS AND TURNS THE FAMILY OUT INTO THE 
ROAD AND TELLS THEM TO FIND THEIR MEN IN THE 
HILLS. IF THEY MAKE IT, THEY WOULD BE A BURDEN 
ON THE GUERRILLA UNITS. 



BAGHDA 03265 091225Z 




PAGE 02 



3. WHILE NO DIPLOMATS HAVE YET ACTUALLY SEEN LOW- 
LAND KURDS WHO ARE BEING SETTLED OUTSIDE KURDIS- 
TAN, WE HAVE INDIRECT EVIDENCE THAT THE REGIME 
MAY BE HAVING SOME DIFFICULTY WITH THEM. VARIOU- 
REPORTS INDICATE THAT SOME HAVE BEEN SENT TO 
j^iliDAYDAT AR'AR, A POST ON THE SAUDI BORDER. 




1 



:::t of telegrah 87baghdaoo3265 



'/ (JUDAIDAT AK'Aftfti.lJf OjE (jFjlliE*. : 
TTTEST and most DES0LATE»9LiieE»'I«'€llE!i»AB»* i 
:?.LD AND APPARENTLY KURDS ARE BEING PUT THERE 
TENTS AT THE HEIGHT CF SUMMER.) EMBASSY 
H3ICANS WERE REFUSED UFA PERMISSION LAST 
:DAY to VISIT HIT ON THE UPPER EUPHRATES, 
IRE REFUGEES ARE ALSO REPORTEDLY BEING SETTLED. 
iFUSAL OF TRAVEL PERMISSION HAS BEEN A VERY 
RZ OCCURRENCE IN RECFMT YEARS.) OTHER 
2TLY DESERT AREAS TO MHICH KURDS REPORTEDLI . .. 
VE BEEN SENT INCLUDE FUTBA {THE BORDER POST 
■. ■R JORDAN) , LAKE THARATHAR NEAR RAMADI , AND 
.'SIRIYA. ALL ARE FAR FrOM KURDISTAN AND EX- 
IPTIONALLY HOT AREAS \T THE PEAK OF SUMMER. 



SSIFIEO 



. AS THE DATT WILL BE REPORTING IN MORE DETAIL, 
:GHTING HAS INTENSIFIED NORTHEAST AND SOUTHEAST 
~ SULAIMAHIYA, WITH DISSIDENT IRAQI .KURDS .TniN- 
:.G IRANIANS IN THE ATTArK. |^ ^ 

r:::DED for a second tihs, is5jbits his hegulSf 

. UNIT DROPPED THEII. 'SUNS AND RAN IN FIERCE 
rSKTING. THE FIGHTINC: <miLE RELATIVELY HEAVY 
rPiARS TO BE LOCALIZEI AND NOT LIKELY TO RE- 
:iT IN MAJOR IRANIAN GAINS. THE ARMY ALSO 



BAGHDA JlieS 091225Z 




;s 03 



fEARS TO BE STHEHGTHE-^TNG ITS FORCES IK THE 

EA, AN INDICATION THAT MORE FIGHTING IS LIKELY. 



OVER THE PAST TWO MONTHS WE HAVE ALSO HEARD 
STORIES OF BODIES OF MUTILATED SOLDIERS 
•::NG BACK FROM THE NOKTH, WITHOUT HEADS OR 
-IR PAgTS OR CUT INTO PIECES. THE BODY OF THE 

Ca;:E BACK recently with H.^S THROAT CUT. HE- 
roPTEDLY HIS F0URTEEN-M;,H POPULAR ARMY UNIT 
41t!(fED INTO A KURDISH VILLRSE THE REGULAR ARMY 
h-f^ JUST LEFT. THEY WF: B;^^;;TrP PRTSBn AND EXE- 

COfED BY THROAT OTTTING. 

" * J^HrEPORTS THAT FOUR FOUR-MAN 

: 7'JLAR ARMY OUTTOSTS NEAR DOHUK WHO FELL ASLEEP 
NIGHT WERE FOUND CUT INTO PIECES. MANY 

<\i^ORIES ARE, OF COURSE, iMPGSSIBLE TO VERIFY, 
^'f OUR IMPRESSION IS OhE OF BRUTALITY AND 
colTNTER-BRUTALITY. THE GOVERNMENT IS OFFERING 

fi/C 3UARTEB AND EVEN LEADING PRO-REGIME KURDS 
i^tf^. TO HAVE QUIT TRYINO TO APPEAL TO SADDAM. 
frtflNEED FOR MORE POPULAR ARMY UNITS TO PARTOL 

_at'^CIFIED" AREAS WHILE THE ARMY MOVES ON, AFTER 
- f ERIOD OF DECLINING RECRUITMENT, HAS LED TO THE 

-APPEARANCE OF FLYING ^QftB'f ^Cf^ ;IN.*HB ; . 
A<5:iUND BAGHDAD AND TO REl-CtlTS; ClF BESISlaUtCE:^ 



CLilSS!F 



•VASfi KO. 



. TEXV OF TELEGRM 87BAGHDA003265 
< • • 

BEING TAKEN FOR SUCH DANGEfedU&JJwii,. IfanoTl,^* I 




mm 



KNNN 




PAGE NO. 3 



TESS: OF TELEGRAM 8'7ANKAHA005939 



ADP810 



• «•••• 




PAGE 01 
ACTION HA-09 



ANKARA 05939 1415282 



INFO LOG-CO COPy-01 ADS-OO INR-10 EUR-00 SS-00 
NSAE-00 SSO-00 INRE-00 /020 W 

256306 141548Z /43 

O 141528Z MAY 87 
FM AMEMBASSY ANKARA 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 9421 DEPARTMENT Of STAT E 
INFO AMCONSUL ADANA PRIORITY I <^EJ.ease ; 

AMCONSUL ISTANBUL PRIORITY (i-r<^'~r^~ iC^^i^-. i 

AMCONSUL IZMIR ' )OE-r i.-. , 

■ ) jii' ^T; .1iOT-R--.)-5;,v.. in;, 



CIAE-OO 



1 ANKARA 05939.A tu^mot Jans 



E.G. 12356: DECL:OADR 
TAGS: PHUH, OTBA, CSCE, TU 

SUBJECT: GOT REFUSES APPOINTMENTS TO HELSINKI WATCH 
EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR JERI LABER 



REF: STATE 142600 

1- ENTIRE TEXT. 

2. THIS IS AN aCTIOH MESSAGE. SEE PARR. 5. 

3, ON MAY 14, POLOFF TELEPHONED MFA TO SEEK 
APPOINTMENT TO PRESENT JERI LASER'S REQUESTS FOR 
CALLS ON GOT OFFICIALS. LATER IN THE DAY, POLCOUNS 
RECEIVED A TELEPHONE CALL FROM UKUR APAYDIN, KFR 
OFFICE DIRECTOR FOR COE AFFAIRS, THE OFFICE WHICH 
HANDLES HUMAN RIGHTS ISSUES. 



I 



••*••'.*** — ^•*»pAc^Sno. 1 




PAGE 01 ANKARA 05896 01 OF -02 160459Z 

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INFO LOG-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 IffR-lO SS-00 CIAE-OO DODE-00 
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M-01 SNP-01 FAIM-01 PRS-01 P-02 T-01 /058 W 
042624 171556Z /40 



R 140846Z MAY 87 

FM ■AMEMBfiSSY ANKARA 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 9393 
INFO AMEHBASSY BAGHDAD 
AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS 
AMCONSUL ADANA 
AMCONSUL ISTANBUL 
AMCONSUL IZMIR 



DEPARTMENT QF ST ATE 
( ) SELE.ASE ( , D-l 

I ) Drivt 

i ) Di£L£T£ Nor,.F 
PA 



^■-C-CO P -ng-g Date: ^ 



Exemptions _ 



i( ) DOW.-JCiRADc TS 



I 1 
to t ) s or 



TS au'.fiority to. 
or i 



ISECTION 01 OF 02 ANKARA 05896 



CORRECTED COPY (DIG) 



E.O. 12356: DECL:OADR 

TAGS: PGOV, PHUK, PINS, PIER, ASEC, TU 
SUBJECT: TURKISH LEFT DIVIDES ON KURDISH ISSUE 




ENTIRE TEXT. 



2. BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY: BEFORE THE MILITARY 
TAKEOVER OF SEPTEMBER 12, 1980, KURDS IN TURKEY — OF 
ALL POLITICAL STRIPES — TENDED TO SUPPORT BULENT 
ECEVIT'S REPUBLICAN PEOPLE'S PARTY (CHP) . THE CHP, 
INCREASINGLY LEFTIST, ALSO CAME CLOSEST TO 
RECOGNIZING THE EXISTENCE OF A KURDISH ETHNIC 
MINORITY. IN THE ELECTIOKS OF NOVEMBER 6, 1983, THE 
LEFT WAS UNABLE TO HOLD ON TO KURDISH VOTES, WHICH 
WENT FOR THE MOST PART TO THE VICTORIOUS MOTHERLAND 
PARTY (ANAP) . ELEMENTS ON THE LEFT ARE TRYING TO 
RECAPTURE THOSE VOTES, BUT THE ISSUE REMAINS 




PAGE 02 ANKARA 05896 01 OF 02 160459Z 



SENSITIVE. BOTH BULENT ECEVIT AND ERDAL IHONU ARE 
STEERING CLEAR OF AN APPEAL TO KURDISH VOTES, BUT 
SOKE MEMBERS OF INONU'S SHP ARE OUTSPOKEN ON THE 
ISSUE. END BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY. 

3. BULENT ECEVIT, SHADOW LEADER OF THE DEMOCRATIC 
LEFT PARTY (DSP) , SEEMS TO HAVE GIVEN UP HOPE OF 

RECOVERING THE KURDISH Vqj*^. A fJAJSMBSTj • 

SUMMARIZED IN DAILY ••CUMH:;itryEa"J Of, KAY»J.*2, r^EVJT • • • 

ttlGg'NO. 1 



mmm 



TEXT pp. TELEGHAH 87ANKARA005896 

DEFENDED THE VIEW THAT THEj 3RSiEII:EMS: 0F:ai£!lEJ^*T;iy5D • V 
SOUTHEAST ARE ECONOMIC, Nolk'El'Hrfsa.J'.A&Yt »8^®te*TS INI i»* i» 
TURKEY BASED ON RACISM IS DOOMED TO FAILURE." HE HAS 
MADE THIS POINT BEFORE, BOTH IN PUBLIC AND TO EMBASSY 
OFFICIALS. 

4. THE SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC POPULIST PARTY (SHP) , THE 
SECOND PARTY OF THE LEFT AND LED BY ERDAL INOHU, 
APPEARS TO BE SPLIT OVER THE KURDISH ISSUE. SHP 
CENTRAL COMMITTEE MEMBER TURGUT ATALA? CALLED FOR 
KURDISH LANGUAGE EDUCATION AT A PUBLIC SHP MEETING IN 
SIIRT ON APRIL 21. IN REACTION, INONU ASKED THE 
PARTY'S DISCIPLINARY BOARD TO STRIP ATALAY OF HIS 
POST. SEVERAL DSP POLITICIANS [] 

PREDICTED THE SHP WOULD "BREAK UP" OVER THE ISSUE. 



5. AM EMBASSY POLITICAL OFFICER CALLED ON SHP DEPUTY 
FOR MARDIN KENAN NEHROZOGLU, A KURD FROM HlDtAT, ON 
KAY 13. NEHROZOGLU HAS BEEN OUTSPOKEN IN HIS 
DENUNCIATION OF ARMY AND ^LICE TREATMENT OF 

VILLAGERS IN THE SOUTHEAST. MOST RECENTLY HE CHARGED 
THE ARMY WITH BEATING UP ALL THE MEN AND 
STRIP-SEARCHING ALL THE WOMEN IN A VILLAGE NEAR 



PAGE 03 ANKARA 05896 01 OF 02 1604592 

HIDYAT SUSPECTED OF HARBORING TERRORISTS. 



r 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 87ANKASA005896 




PAGE 04 ANKARA 05896 01 OF 02 I6045gZ 



TEX:r,OF TELE3RAH 87ANKARA005896 



•••••• «• 



SHE 



PAGE 01 ANKARA 05896 02 OF -02 140851Z 

ACTION EUK-00 



INFO LOG-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 INR-10 SS-00 CIAE-00 
H-01 NEA-Ce NSCE-00 NSAE-00 HA-09 L-03 
. PM-10 PA-01 CHB-01 INH-07 INRE-00 US IE-GO 
■ M-01 SNP-01 PES-01 P-02 T-01 /0S7 W 
023263 161615Z /40 

R 2108462 MAY 87 
FM AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 9394 
INFO AMEMBASSY BAGHDAD 
AHEHBASSy DAMASCUS 
AHCONSUL ADANA 
AMCONSUL ISTANBUL 
AHCONSUL IZMIR 



DODE-00 
TRSE-00 
SP-02 



I SECTION 02 OF 02 ANKARA 05896 



E.O. 12356: DECL:OADR 

TAGS: PGOV, PHUM, PINS, PTER, AS EC, 



TU 



SUBJECT: TURKISH LEFT DIVIDES ON KURDISH ISSUE 
9. BAGHDAD: MINIMIZE CONSIDERED. 
STRAUSZ-HUPE 




TEXT OF TELEGRAM 88STOCKH007631 



ADP483 

UNCLASSIFIED 



PAGE 01 
ACTION NEA-04 




STOCKH 07631 



17:£41Z 



INFO 



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H-01 

PA-02 

SNF-Ol 



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INH-10 

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CIAE-00 DODE-00 
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../070 -W 



-115730 180107Z 760 



CcFASTM, 




R 171542Z OCT 88 
FM AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM 
TO .SECSTATE WASHDC 2410 
INFO AHEHBA5S7 ANKARA 
AHEMBASSX BAGHDAD 
AHEHBASSY COPENHAGEN 
AHEHBASSV HELSINKI 
AMEHBASS7 OSLO 
AMEMBASS? REYKJAVIK 

UNCLAS STOCKHOLM 07631 



E.O. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: PGOV, PHUM, PINS, PARK, II, SW 
SUBJECT: KURDISH LEADER VISITS SWE^Elf 

1. JALAL TALABANI, LEADER OF THE KL'RDISH PATRIOTIC 
, UNION (PUK) , HAS VISITED SWEDEN Ilf THE COURSE OF HIS 
TRAVELS TO SEVERAL WESTERN COUNTRIES. HE TOLD THE 
SWEDISH PRESS THAT SOME 5,000 KURDISH VILLAGES IN IRAQI 
KURDISTAN HAVE BEEN DEMOLISHED. STNCE THE CEASE-FIRE IN 
THE IRAN- IRAQ WAR, IRAQ HAS BEEN ABLE TO FOCUS ITS 
ENTIRE ARMED FORCES AGAINST THE KOFTHERN PART OF THE 
COUNTRY WHERE THE KURDS HAVE CREATED LARGE "LIBERATED 
AREAS," TALABANI TOLD REPORTERS. IRAQI TANKS TRIED TO 
ATTACK THESE AREAS IN LATE AUGUST, BUT WHEN THEY FAILED 
DUE TO KURDISH GUERRILLA HESISTAKCH, THE AIR FORCE WAS 
CALLED IN AND CHEMICAL GAS BOMBS WERE DROPPED OVER THE 
AREA. THE MOST RECENT MAJOR GAS BfDMB ATTACK TOOK PLACE 
ON OCTOBER 5, NEAR THE TOWN OF Tl'Z BETWEEN BAGHDAD AND 
UNCLASSIFIED 
UNCLASSIFIED 



PAGE 02 



STOCKH 07631 1715412 



KIRKUK, TALABANI SAID. 

2. TALABANI ALSO TOLD THE PRESS THAT WHEN 200,000 KURDS 
WALKED ACROSS THE BORDER INTO TURKEY, MANY RELIEF 
ORGANIZATIONS REACTED AND TRIED TO SEND HELP. TURKEY 
REQUESTED 300 MILLION DOLLARS FOP. THE REFUGEES, BUT THE 
TUHCS REFUSED TO ALLOW BELIEF ORGANIZATIONS TO COME TO 
THE REFUGEE CAMPS. "TURKEY SHOWS TWO FACES," TALABANI 
SAID. "THEY WANT TO APPEAR AS HUMANITARIANS TO THE 



:T of telegram 88STOCKE007631 



Vr.~TEaN V70RLD BY ftCCEPTING THE,JfUIJ]JISft 5EFU<|EES^, qyT, 

Z-'HY MJ.DE SURE NO OBSERVERS COtfLt SiEfiT JHE JilCTjMS U i i'. 

:.-:3 Gas bohbs. in this wax Tulicl:i»«&«iii»H±^ £iS>(|!"J • 1 

:.'.:.ABAHI, WHO SAID HE KEEPS HIMSELF UP TO DATE WITH 

L£:vELOPKENTS ON HIS HOME FRONT VIA TELEPHONE CONTACTS IN 
:r ,iN, I5F0BMED THE SWEDISH PRESS THAT IRAN ANNOUNCED ON 

c:-::oBER is that the kurdish refugees in turkey are 

VIIODME TO COME TO IRAN. 
3. ■■"T>iABXMr"bECLARE"D^^^ 

;:a!/y kohe friends today than in 1975. among these newly 
■ ,n fki2nds, talabani mentioned the u.s., which had 
ccndeknhd iraq's chemical warfare more strongly than any 
ciher country. talabani made specific mention of an 
: 2rican senate report about kurdish refugees in turkey 
v'r.ich h3 said made it clear "without a doubt" that the7 
wise victims of iraqi chemical warfare. newell 



•j;;CLA£SIFIED 



k!;nn 



OF TELEGRAM F;.AOi!iI«-:\ 000618 




?:-.GE 01 ADANA 00618 141259Z 

VCTION EUR-00 



!F0 



LOG-00 ADS-00 INR-10 SS-00 CIAE-00 
NSCE-00 MSAE-00 HA-09 L-03 TRSE-00 
OMB-01 INRE-00 ACDA-12 USIE-00 SP-02 

_PBSt-.01.- DS-01. SCT.-02 P-.02_ T-01. .. 



DODE-00 H-01 
PH-10 PA-01 
SNP-01 C-01 

./038-W - 



141050Z OCT 88 
AHCOKSUL ADANA 
D .'SECSTATE WASHDC 4549 
■FO RHEMBASSY ANKARA 

•ICONSUL ISTANBUL 

■.'CONSnL IZMIR 



'ADANA 0618 



-340074 141315Z /41 



( 1 HXCiSE 
( ) OE'j , 



K'Jn-R;>,-_-^,,,-.; 



L.i( 



.C. 12356: DECL: OADR 

-.GS: PHUM, PINS, PGOV, PTER, KPRP, TU 

JBJECT: EX-DIYARBAKIR MAYOR SENTENCED TO PRISON 



) 3 or 
'■o I ) S or 



(!J) THIS IS A SPOT REPORT SUBMITTED IN ACCORDANCE WITH 
-:S MISSION REPORTING PLAN. 



:. . (U) SUMMARY: THE DIXARBAKIR MARTIAL LAW COURT OCTOBER 12 
CONCLUDED ITS SERIES OP TRIALS, ACQUITTED 23 DEFENDANTS, AND 

SENTENCED 32 TO PRISON TERMS. THE LENGTHY SENTENCE FOR THE 
JC'RMER MAYOR OF DIYARBAKIR IS LIKELY TO DRAW THE ATTENTION 
CF THE INTERNATIONAL PRESS. END SUMMARY. 



(U) THE DIYARBAKIR MARTIAL LAW COURT ON OCTOBER 12 SEN- 
'::^NCED FORMER DIYARBAKIR MAYOR MEHDI ZANA TO 22 AND A HALF 
-EARS IN PRISON AS IT DISPOSED OF ITS LAST MAJOR CASE INVOLV- 
;.';3 FRE-1980 ACTIVITIES. ZANA WAS SENTENCED TO 15 YEARS FOR 
HIS ACTIVE MEMBERSHIP IN OZGURLUK YOLU (FREEDOM PATH), A 
?-3-ig80 ILLEGAL LEFTIST AND KURDISH SEPARATIST ORGANIZATION 
; TH h HISTORY OF TERRORIST ACTIVITIES. HE RECEIVED AN AD0I- 
3NAL 7.5 YEARS FOR INVOLVEMENT IN SMUGGLING ARMS, OF THE 




;-.-.3E 02 ADANA 00618 141259Z 



i^ther 54 defendants. 23 were acquitted, 27 received prison 
•rntences of between 7 and 12 years, and 4, like zajia, were 
,.:vek lengthier terms. (fyi: most of the defendants, includ- 
;;;g zaka, will get credit for 8 years already served in 
kisok. end fyi.) 



(U) ZANA THRUST HIMSELF ONCE AGAIN INTO THE PUBLIC EYE 
:rVERAL MONTHS AGO. AT THAT TIME, DURING HIS TRIAL, HE 
-:.rTEMPTED SEVERAL TIMES TO DEFEND HIMSELF IN KURDISH. T^^,, 



•*.*<* :.: *';pA(iE.sc:. 
J •••••• • 



te::;t of telegram r ->ADAivA oooeis 



COURT REFUSED TO PERMIT THIS 0J» j;iJB*pHOJND^»I'iy».HE ptyShU I" 
SPEAK AND UNDERSTAND TURKISH. :«t"{fiRl ZAjA C338TrtlU£D tt^'USB:' 
KU3DISH, THE JUDGE EXPELLED HIM* FRofi ^fiji'muftTHodM. * ZANA* *** 
WAS HOT PRESENT IN THE COURT TO HEAR THE SENTENCE} HE HAD 

BEEN TRANSFERRED TO THE ESKI3EHIR PRISON SOME MONTHS AGO. 



:•: wilssro 



5. (C) COMMENT: ZANA HAS LOHG BEEN A THORN IN THE SIDE 
OF THE GOT. ELECTED DIYARBAKIR'S MAYOR IN THE LATE 1970 'S 
AS AN INDEPENDENT AND REMOVED BY MILITARY AUTHORITIES IN 
-J.eiO, _HE^. STANDS ..AS ,A_STRIDENT SYMBOL. OF.. KURDISH .NATIONA L- . . . 
" ISK\ WAis" REPORTEDLY^^'^^^ ' ~ 

DIYARBAKIR MILITARY PRISON WHO SUCCESSFULLY AGITATED FOR 
TEE RIGHT TO USE KURDISH IK CONVERSING WITH THEIR FAMILIES, 
VISITORS, AND AMONG THEMSELVES. HIS WIFE, LEYLA ZANA, WHO 
IS COHSIDERED BY SOME TO EE A SHOO-IN FOR THE DIYARBAKIR 
MAYORALTY IN 1989 LOCAL ELECTIONS, WAS ALSO ACTIVE IN 
THESE EFFORTS AND WORKED WITH THE INMATES' FAMILIES. (SEE 
ADANA 97, 115, AND 14& AND ANKARA 2391.) LEYLA ZANA'S 
CAMPAIGN WILL NO DOUBT FOCUS FURTHER ATTENTION ON HER 
HUS3AND AND OTHERS SERVING PRISON SENTENCES FOR POLITICALLY- 
RELATED CRIMES OR SEPARATIST ACTIVITY. THE CONCLUSION OF 
THIS CASE MARKS THE END OF THE WORK OF THE DIYARBAKIR 
MAHTIAL LAW COURT. HOWEVER, STATE SECURITY COURTS IN 

ITA AND DIYARBAKIR CONTINUE HOLDING TRIALS FOR SIMILAR 



ADANA 00619 1412592 




PAIE 03 



ACTIONS OCCURRING AFTER 19S0, AND THIS WILL ALSO PROVIDE 
AMMUNITION IN WHAT COULD EE AN EMOTION-CHARGED CAMPAIGN 
WHICH WILL RECEIVE MUCH PUBLICITY IN TURKEY AND ABROAD. 
COLE 




PA(SE*IICJ. 



T--'-T OF TELEGRAM 88AHKAHA013277 



• « • m 
ft * «• 



;-.'.3E 01 ANKARA 13277 121034Z 

;:mON EUR-00 



::;ro log-oo 

NSAS-OO 
T-Ol 



ADS-OO 
PA-01 
/031 W 



INR-10 
INRE-00 



SS-00 
RP-10 



CIAE-00 
USIE-00 



DODE-00 

SP-C2 



NEA-06 
PRS-01 



T153217....12104SZ.../10 



1209232 OCT 88 
: AHEHBASS7 ANKARA 
SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 0668 



'ANKARA 13277 



1.3. I235S: N/A 

r.-;S: PEEL, PREF, OPRC, TU, IZ 
i: :3JECT: IRAQI KURDS: DERWINSKI 



DEPARTMENT OF STATE 

( ) EXCiSE { ) □rvVL.-...;-,-- 

( j O^Jir J,., c.,-::;,- 

{ ) Di-LiTS NGn-Ruspc'i.-.ivi; l.-.fo 

FOtA £;ieniptions 

PA Exemptians 



REMARKS 



r>:i7: SKiTE 330436 



) CLASSiFV as I ) S or ( 

J DOWNGRADE 13 to { J S oi 



To authorilj 



rjRKISH MPA, AT DEPUTY DIRECTOR FOR AMERICAS LEVEL, 
r.;^JJ.EP IK POLCOUMSELOR OCTOBER 12 TO "EXPRESS CONCERN" 
r ■•ER REMARKS ATTRIBUTED TO UNDER SECRETARY DERWINSKI BY 
::-3 TITtttlSH' PRESS WITH REGARD TO THE IRAQI KURD ISSUE- 

■•.r.LCOl-KSELOR ASSURED KPA THAT THE TURKISH PRESS HAD 
-S^SATIONALIZED THE UNDER SECRETARY'S COMMENTS. DRAWING 
:v: HEFTSL, POLCOUNSELOR SAID Vli. DERWINSKI 'S REMARKS 
:".iDULD MOT BE READ AS CONTAINING EVEN A HINT OF U.S. 
: IDORSKffiNT FOR A SEPARATE KURDISH POLITICAL ENTITY. 

:LC0UNSEL0R pointed out this has BEEN A LONG-TERM U.S. 
".I^ICY WHICH HAS NOT, AMD WILL MOT, CHANGE. 

T=aUEZ-HUPE 




1 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 88STATE 31S03S 



ADP157 



PAGE 01 

ORIGIN RP-10 




STATE 318035 




INFO LOG-00 . ADS-00 
/046 H 



EUE-00 OIC-02 10-19 



NEA-06 HA-09 



DRAFTED BY; RP/ENA: JCHAVCHAVADZE;L«G., ._ . 

■'APPHOVED BY:" RP7iA:'WGARLM^^ 

RP/ENAiRJREDHOND EUR/SE:CHU6GINS 
IO/UNP:KLOKEN (INFO) HA/HRR:DRABADAN (INFO) 

NEA/NGAtPREMLER (INFO) 

115062 282247Z /72 

DEPA«TMcNT uF aTAFE 



0 P 2822362 SEP 88 
FM SECSTATE WASHDC 
TO USHISSION GENEVA IMMEDIATE 
INFO AMEMBASSY ANKARA PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BAGHDAD PRIORITY 



,F PC J COR V 



I STATE 3J.8035 



) EXCldE i ) C2C: 

) DHiNf 

) DELETE Mon-ixeipo.'iGiw 

FOIA exemptions 

PA Exemptluna 



E.G. 12365: DECL: OADR 
TAGS: PREF, PHUM, TU, IR 

SUBJECT: IRAQI KURDISH REFUGEES IN TURKEY-ROLE OF UNHCR 
REF: (A) GENEVA 10083, (B) ANKARA 12507, (C) ANKARA 12098 
1. CONFIDENTIAL ENTIRE TEXT. 



!. ivi.-V Ca?s:i Qn!y: 
I ' 'I£0 Cit:ii!Dns , 



I ( ; CL'^SSIrY as ( ) S or ( 

I ( ) DOWNGRACE TS to ( J S or 



. TS aL'thority 



2. Mission is requested to advise department and info 
addressees findings of unhcr team which recently visited 
turkey (ref a) . 

3. of particular interest is whether or not the got has 
requested unhcr assistance in dealing with the influx of 
the ikaqi kurdish refugees. (rp/ena: 0036t) 
whitehead 



NNHK 



iCUSilED 




::;T of telegram 88BAGKDA005241 



.•E 01 

-ION HR-09 




BAGHDA 05241 250846Z 



"0 LOG-CO ADS-00 INR-10 EUR-00 SS-00 
10-19 NE&-06 aSAE-00 SSO-00 PM-IG 
SP-02 SR-06 C-01 P-02 /077 W 

-.- -Tr------ ------2 67345 -250 8482-/10 

250845Z SEP 88 
AMEHBASSY BAGHDAD 
.SECSTATS WASHDC IHHSCIATE 8268 
EHBASS? ANKARA IMMEDIATE 
TO USMISSION GENEVA 
r-assioN US0N new ygrk 



OIC-02 CIAE-00 
INEE-00 ElP-10 




BAGHDAD 05241 FOW 



.0. 12356: DECL: OADR 

-.•33: PREL, PHUM, UNSC, IZ, TU 

;SJECT: ICRC ACTIVITIES IN TURKEY 

:?Ss (A) GENEVA 10574, (B) STATE 310371, 

:) BAGHDAD 5172 



■ I ( ) CLASSIFY as 7~7T J.' 

M ) DOVVNG,-?ADE TS to ( ) 



entire text. 

. ambassador is meeting icrc chief ih baghdad, 
;:dreas kuhn, at his request, tokorrow afternoon 

E:?TEMBER 26. IT WOULD BE USEFUL TO HAVE IN ADVANCE 
::E LATEST READOUT ON SURKISH-ICRC ARRANGEMENTS 
-KCERNING MOVEMENT OF KURDISH REFUGEES BACK TO 

..-.g. WE HAVE NOT RECEIVED ANKARA'S REPORTING TO 
:E on THIS SUBJECT BUT WE GATHER FROM REF B THAT 
TURKS ARE ACTIVELY PRESSING THE ICRC TO HELP 
IN GETTING THE REFUGEES TO GO BACK TO IRAQ (AS 
ALSO SUSPECTED REF C) . IT WOULD BE HELPFUL TO 
DW MORE SPECIFICALLY WHAT THE TURKS THINK THEY 
. GET THE ICRC TO DO AND HOW FAR THEY THINK THE 
WILL BE ABLE TO PROCEED WITH THE IRAQIS AND 



?E 02 BAGHDA 05241 250846Z 

IH THE KURDS. 
.SPIE 



wmm 



: .,*,.* *.* • 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 88ANK2iRA012124 



PAGE 01 
ACTION SCT-02 



ANKARA 12124 210754Z 



INFO 



LOG-00 
HA-09 
/026 W 



ADS-00 
PA-01 



INR-10 
INRE-00 



R 210754Z SEP 88 
FM AHEHBASSY ANKARA 
TO AHEHBASSY BONN 

IHFO SECSTATE WASHDC 0258 
AMCONSUL ADANA 
AHCONSUL ISTANBUL 
AHQ3NSUL IZMIR 



EUR-00 
USIB-00 



CIAE-00 
SP-C2 



DODE-00 
PRS-01 



NSAE-00 
DS-01 



-000365 210841Z-/-10 



DEPAi>T„ii.-,l 




Non-Responsivu Info 



ANKARA 12124 p;, Exemptians: 



E.G. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: PTER, FHUM, GE, TU 

SUBJECT: GERMANS AND PKK 



its Only: 



( ) CLASSfFY as ( 
|( ) DOWNQRADE TS to ( j S or 



TS E 
; S or ( 



REF: (A) BONN 31258 (B) ANKARA 11311 



1. POST THANKS EMBASSI BONN FOR ITS HELPFUL CCiNTHIBUTION 
IN REF A. IT PROVIDES USEFUL DETAILS OF PKK .-iCTIVITIES 
IN THE FRG WHICH HELP US IN OUR HUMAN RIGHTS .REPORTING. 
WE CAN ALWAYS USE MORE SUCH INFORMATION ON TH:: 
ACTIVITIES OF TURKISH AND KURDISH ACTIVISTS 1.1 THE FRG 
AND OTHER EUROPEAN COUNTRIES, AND APPRECIATE i'OUH 
ASSISTANCE. STRAUSZ-HUPE 




TEXT OP TELEGRAM 88STATE 289901 



ADP790 



PAGE 01 STATE 289901 

ORIGIN MEA-11 



LM::CL.H::::iliie 




INFO LOG-CO 
10-19 



ADS-00 AID-00 
NSAE-00 HA-09 



INR-IC 
INHE-a : 



EUR-00 
RP-10 



OIC-02 
SR-06 



CIAE-00 
/067 R 



-DRASTED . BT.: .NEA/NGA:PNR^ILm. 
APPROVED" BY": N^^EA/NGAtLEPOPE 
IO/UNP:BSCHRAGE 
IO/SR:FARIGGS 



RE/.iaP:JBUDEIT 
:, 2755 031043Z /21 



P 031040Z SEP 88 

FK SECSTATE WASHDC 

TO AMEMBASSY BAGHDAD PRIORITY 

INFO AMEMBASSY ANKARA PRIORITY 

AMCONSUL ADANA PRIORITY 

USMISSION GENEVA PRIORITY 

USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 

1 STATE 289901 



DEPARTMtiJi ur bTAft 



( ) exc.a= ( i Dsou'.i: 

I i DSNr !:j pa? 

( ) SSviTi ^^cn-Respc•.■■;iv<.- in 

FOIA ii;;err.jt:on5 

Exemptions 



I -Caiss Only: 
j EU Citaxicnu 



E.O. 12356:DECL: OADR 

TAGS: PREL, PREF, UNHCR 

SUBJECT: DETENTION CAMPS FOR KURDISK ICPULATION 



I I ) CLASoiFV as ( ) 

|( I DOW.MGK'ADE TS to ( ) 



_ TS s 
S or I 
S or 



1. CONFIDENTIAL - ENTIRE TEXT. 

2. DEPARTMENT WOULD APPRECIATE ANY IKFCPJCATION EMBASSY 
CAN PROVIDE FROM KNOWLEDGE ON HAND REG^^JtNG THE 
CAMPS/VILLAGES TO WHICH KURDS ARE BEINi ("ELOCATED, AS 
WELL AS AN ASSESSMENT OF THE LIKELIHOCE rHS IRAQI 
GOVERNMENT WOULD GRANT UNHCR OR OTHER TN-^SRHATIONAL BODY 
ACCESS TO THE CAMPS IF IT WERE ASKED TC JO SO. WHITEHEAD 




tPAds'tici. 



•:T of telegram 88ANKARA011311 



• • 



*«• 
»• • * « 



r;.3E 01 ANKARA 11311 020724Z 

ArnoN scT-02 



V 



ISO LOG-OO ADS-00 lNR-10 EUR-00 
KSAE-OO HA-09 PH-10 PA-01 
PR3-01 /041 W 



CIAE-00 DODE-00 NEA-06 
INRE-00 USIE-00 SP-02 



r036445 . 0207292 /20 . 



:- 0^07232 SEP 88 
:■■ . AMCH3ASSY ANKARA 
"J .AMEMBflSSY BONN 
: "TO SCCSTATE WASHDC 9923 
.- ::ONSUL ADAMA 
. CONSUL ISTANBUL 
.-. :CONSUL IZMIR 
-.vCDEF WASHDC 

cr:3 wssHDC 

C::rCUSAFE RAMSTEIN aB GE//P0LAD// Exemptions 




(J 0=L£TE Non-HssponL-ivo inia 
FolA exemptions 



f ) CL\SGIrY as 
U ) DO>.VfJ<lRA(je T.? T.-j 




ANKARA 11311 

.0. 12356: DECL: OADR 
--3S: PTER, PHUM, GB, TU 

:3JECT: HAS THE FRG CHANGED ITS VIEW OF THE PKK? 
. UK ENTIRE TEXT. 

. A COLUMKIST IN THE SEPTEMBER 1 EDITION OF "TERCUHAN" 
^AIKS TEAT FRG AUTHORITIES NOW CONSIDER THE KURDISH 

■RKERo PARTY (PKK) TO BE A TERRORIST ORGANIZATION. 
■.HLIES, HE NOTES, THEY HAD JUDGED THE ORGANIZATION PROM 

HUMAN RIGHTS PERSPECTIVE AND OFFERED PKK MEMBERS 

LITISAL ASYLUM. 

WE WOULD APPRECIATE ANY INFORMATION EMBASSY BONN 
■ "JLD DEVELOP ON CURRENT FRG ATTITUDES TOWARD THE 
Z<. STHAUSZ-HUPE 



wmm 



JpA(fe«Bci 



1 



CONCEPTS= REFUGEE, KURDS. PRESS CONFERENCE, POLICY, SANCTION, REFUGEE 
RESETTLEMENT 

TAGS= PHUM, PREL, TU, IR 



PAGE 01 ANKARA 10378 120940Z 
ACTION RP-10 

INFO LOG-DO ADS-00 AID-00 INR-10 EUR-00 SS-00 CIAE-00 
EB-00 H-01 MSC-01 NEA-06 NSCE-00 NSAE-00 HA-09 
L-03 TRSE-00 PM-10 PA-01 OMB-01 INRE-00 ACDA-12 
USIE-00 SP-02 SR-06 SNP-01 C-01 PRS-01 DS-Cl 
SCT-02 P-02 T-01 /081W 

302161 121319Z/47 

R 120939Z AUG 88 

FM AMEMBASSY ANKARA 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC 9519 

INFO AMEMBASSY BAGHDAD 

AMCONSUL ADANA 

AMCONSUL ISTANBUL 

AMCONSUL IZMIR 

SECDEF WASHDC 

JCS WASHDC 

USMISSION USNATO 

USCINCEUR VAMINGEN GE//POLAD// 

USDOCOSOUTH NAPLES IT//INTAFF 

USNMR SHAPE BE//INTAFF// 

CINCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE//POLAD// 

I ANKARA 10378 

E.O. 12356: OADR 

TAGS: PHUM, PREL, TU, IR 

SUBJECT: POTENTIAL REFUGEE PROBLEM IN SOUTHEASTERN TURKEY 




ENTIRE TEXT 



2. EMBASSY WISHES TO ALERT DEPARTMENT TO A POTENTLU. 
KURDISH REFUGEE PROBLEM WHICH COULD DEVELOP IN TURKEY'S 
SOUTHEASTERN REGION AS THE IRAQI MILITARY TURNS ITS 
ATTENTION FROM THE IRANIAN FRONT TO THE NORTH. 
NEWSPAPERS ALREADY ARE REPORTING THAT SMALL GROUPS OF 
KURDS HAVE CROSSED THE BORDER TO ESCAPE RECENT 






PAGE 02 ANKARA 10378 120940Z 
ESCALATION OF FIGHTING IN THE AREA. 

3. THIS WAS CONFIRMED BY FOREIGN MINISTRY SPOKESMAN INAL 
BATU AT HIS WEEKLY PRESS CONFERENCE ON AUGUST 10. BATU 
IMPLIED THE TURKISH GOVERNMENT IS WILLING TO OFFER 
TEMPORARY SANCTUARY FOR LIMITED NUMBERS OF "PESHMERGES," 
BUT WOULD NOT CONSIDER ANY LONG TERM ARRANGEMENT. BATU 
TOLD REPORTERS "WE NEVER RECEIVED SUCH A DEMAND." THE 
FOREIGN MINISTRY SPOKESMAN ACKNOWLEDGED THAT THE "HOT 
PURSUIT" AGREEMENT WITH IRAQ REMAINS IN FORCE, BUT HE 
SAID IRAQ HAD NOT AVAILED ITSELF OF THIS RIGHT SINCE 
ACCEPTING THE CEASE FIRE WITH IRAN. 

4. COMMENT: AS A PRACTICAL MATTER, THERE IS LITTLE THE 
TURKISH GOVERNMENT CAN DO TO CONTROL CROSS BORDER 
MOVEMENT IN THE REMOTE AREAS OF THE SOUTHEAST, TRIBES 
SPREAD ACROSS TURKISH, IRAQI, AND IRANIAN TERRITORY, AND 
LOCAL INHABITANTS HISTORICALLY HAVE TENDED TO IGNORE 
BORDER FORMALITIES. SO LONG AS MOVEMENT IS LIMITED, 
THIS SHOULD POSE NO SIGNIFICANT DIFHCULTY FOR THE 
TURKISH GOVERNMENT, 

5. IF THERE IS A MAJOR MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE, HOWEVER, 
TURKISH CONCERN IS LIKELY TO BE MAGNIFIED, THE TURKISH 
GOVERNMENT HAS BEEN CONFRONTING SIGNIFICANT SEPARATIST 
ACTIVITY IN THE SOUTHEAST AND WOULD RESIST ANY 
MEANINGFUL ADDITION TO ITS DOMESTIC KURDISH POPULATION. 
AS A MATTER OF PRINCIPLE, TURKEY HAS LONG INSISTED THAT 
ITS RESPONSIBILITY FOR REFUGEES UNDER EXISTING 
INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS DOES NOT EXTEND TO THOSE 
EMANATING FROM THE MIDDLE EAST. END COMMENT. 
STRAUSZ-HUPE i 




PJ*3E03 ANKARA 10378 I20940Z 




TEXT OF TEJC£6IUi<I 8eAKKASA003291 



AL1POO6 
UHCLASSIFIED 



PAGE 01 ANKARA 03291 01 OF 0 3 091434Z 

ACTION EUR-00 




INFO 



LOG-00 

HA-09 

PRS-01 



ADS-00 

AHAO-01 

SDEL-03 



INR-10 
PM-10 
/043 W 



CIAE-Oti 
PA-07 



DODE-00 
SIL-01 



NEA-04 
INRE-00 



NSAE-dO 
SP-02 



■ 37 7614_.091-434Z.y38 



0 091431Z HAR 88 
FM AMEHBASSY ANKARA 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6104 
INFO USINFO WASHDC PRIORITY 
AMCONSUL ADANA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMCONSUL ISTANBUL 
2UIC0NSUL IZHIR 
AMBHBASSY NICOSIA 
USKISSION USHATO 
AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD 
USDOC WASHDC 

HQlBTHflF TORREJON AB SP//CCE// '^A 
USDELMC BRUSSELS BE 

39TACG INCIRLXK TU//CC/PA//RM//IN// 

TUSLOG DET 33-3 ISKENDERUN 

CDRSETAF/5TH VICENZA IT//AESE-JIC// 

AFOSI DET 6901 INCIRLIK AB TU//CC// 

USDOCOSOUTH NAPLES IT 

628MAS INCIRLIK TU 

HQUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE//XP//PA// 

USNMR SHAPE BE//PIO// 

CINCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE//POLAD// 

USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE//POLAD// 

USD0C06ATAF IZMIR TU 

USDOCOLSE IZMIR TU 



'^A Ex.jiti;).i.j.-.s " 



UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 ANKARA 03291 

USINFO FOR B/BMEA/EU 

UNCLASSIFIED 
UHCLASSIFIED 



PAGE 02 



ANKARA 03291 01 OF 03 G£)1434Z 



E.O. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: PREL, PGOV, SCOM, PHUM, NATO, ELA3, PLO, EEC, US, 
PK, GR, IZ, TU 

SUBJECT: TURKISH PRESS REVIEW: MARCH 9, 1988 



1. U.S. 



DERWINSKI DEFENDS U.S. HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT IN "TERCUMAN" 
INTERVIEW: IN AN EXCLUSIVE J;NTEJ5^4IEW, HITg, ".XEPOTSlf". 

: : .*. : .: : *. *. :.: : ihiAisi 



1 



::T of TELEGRM 88ANKARA003291 



Vl3. DEPUTY SECBET2VRY OF SIVSR ECHAQS iJERWINSi;! S^i^D.jJIQ 
Hl'MAK RIGHTS REPORT PREPARED ^C^AI^ S j^I^E&> W^St. I 
BkSSB ON STATE DEPARTMENT STUtriES*.***acroRDITI<J*T8* THE? * 

r.-.ILY, DERWINSKI REGARDS PRESIDENT KENAN EVREN'S U.S. 
VISIT AS AN IMPORTANT DEVELOPMENT, AND ADDS THAT PM 
Z ?.GUT OZAL SHOWED "POSITIVE AND EFFECTIVE DIPLOHRCY" BY 
ETING WITH KIS GREEK COUNTERPART ANDREAS PAPANDREOU. 

r::RWiNSKi reportedly agrees with Turkish views 
c:ncerhing Cyprus, and said a solution could be reached 

T^SOUGH-TALKS-EETWEEN . JJERNC'f . PBESIDENT..RaUE..DENKTaSH. AND.._. 
HIS- raiEEK CYPRIOT COUNTERPART GEORGE "VASSILIOU^ 

T7RKISH GUARANTEE NOT TO SELL "INVERTER" TO PAKISTAN: 

.-;JNES" RELIES ON TURKISH DIPLOMATIC SOURCES IN 
V--..3HINGT0N WHEN REPORTING THAT TURKEY ASSURED THE U.S. 
IZ WOULD NOT SELL "INVERTER" COMPUTER COMPONENTS THAT 
CDULD be USED IN PRODUCING NUCLEAR BOMBS TO PAKISTAN. 

•. VSALHAK: NATO ALLIES AID PACKAGE: DEFENSE MINISTER 
? .CAN VURALHAN TOLD "TURKISH DAILY NEWS" THAT, SINCE 

.S. MILITARY AID TO TURKEY WAS BEING REDUCED, NATO 
.■■.:.LIES SHOULD ASSIST ANKARA IN MODERNIZING ITS AHMED 
rjRCES. HE SAID THAT TURKEY HAD SOLICITED THIS ALLIED 
SUPPORT DURING NUMEROUS BILATERAL CONTACTS AT THE NATO 
l-;;CLASSIFIED 
uUCLASSIFIED 

?:^3E 03 ANKARA 03291 01 OF 03 091434Z 

SUMMIT EARLIER THIS MONTH. VURALHAN ALSO SAID TURKEY 
v;.\NTS TO DEVELOP ITS OWN DEFENSE INDUSTRY IN ORDER TO 

n::poRT military equipment to other nations, vuralhan 

;.:.DED THE FM3 TEST REPAYMENT PROGRAM NOW BEING WORKED 
' :T would EA3E TURKEY'S U.S. DEBT BURDEN. 

- . EUROPE'S DEFENSE BEGINS IN ANATOLIA: 
•■ rJMHURIYET" REPORTS THAT FORMER U.S. DEPUTY SECRETARY 
F.-.SD IKLE SAID TURKEY HAD A VITAL ROLE IN DEFENDING 
WESTERN EUROPE, AS EUROPE'S LINE OF DEFENSE BEGINS IN 
r;-.3TERN ANATOLIA. 



1. EC 

:",:SKEY EXPECTS THATCHER SUPPORT FOR EC MEMBERSHIP: 
"CjMHURIYET" WRITES THAT FOLLOWING AN ANNOUNCEMENT BY 
F-H;NCH PM JACQUES CHIRAC IN WHICH HE SAID FRANCE WILL 
• VT OPPOSE TURKEY'S FULL MEMBERSHIP IN THE EC, ANKARA 
r.'CW EXPECTS FULL SUPPORT FROM BRITISH PM MARGARET 
~:atCHER. THATCHER IS SCHEDULED TO VISIT TURKEY IN 
:.:R1L. THE DAiLY OPINES THAT IP THE PRG, FRANCE, OR THE 
::.K. OPENLY SUPPORTS TURKEY'S FULL MEMBERSHIP, THE 
--."•■lAINING TWO WOULD GIVE THEIR SUPPORT SO AS NOT TO 
£i:DANGER THEIR STATUS IN TURKISH MARKETS. 



TEXT OF TELESRJUr 88AKKARA003291 



3. GREECE 




OZAL-PAPMDREOU "SECRET AGREEMENTS" ;.T BRUSSELS: 
"CUMHURIYET" REPORTS THAT TURKISH PH OZAL AND GREEK PM 



UNCLASSIFIED 



HNNN 



-:T of TBLEGRAH 88ANKARA003291 



i>?014 

■CLASSIFIED 

GE 01 ANKARA 03291 02 OF 03 091434Z 

•7I0N EUR-00 



!.T0 LOG-00 ADS-00 INR-10 CIAE-00 DODE-00 NEa-04 NSAE-00 
HA-C9 AMAD-Ol PM-10 PA-C2 SIL-01 INRE-00 SP-02 
PRS-01 SDEL-03 /043 W 

^ ^ - _ .7:=z^-~:r^---~.---377657_ .. 091436Z_/38._ 

'j9i431Z~KAH 88 ' " " 
■: AMEMB?.SSY ANKARA 
:: SECSTAT3 WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6105 
:?b USINFO WASHDC PRIORITY 
'CONSUL ADANA 
EMBASSY ATHENS 
CONSUL ISTANBUL 
■CONSUL :ZMIR 

:3MBASSy NICOSIA ' 
EMISSION USHATO 
•EMBASSY I.3LAMABAD 
.DOC WASHDC 

,16THAF '.OORREJON AB SP//CCE// 
;-DELMC BRUSSELS BE 

i?TACG INCIRLIK TU//CC/PA//RM//IN// 
•SLOG DE?; 33-3 ISKEMDERUN 
iriSETAF/STH VICENZA IT//AESE-JIC// 
'OSI DET 6901 INCIRLIK AB TU//CC// 
fDOCOSOUVTJ NAPLES IT 
:9KAS INCIRLIK TU 
-USAFE RAM3TEIN AB GE//XP//PA// 
HMR SHAPE BE//P10// 
MCUSAFE RAHSTEIN AB GE//POLAD// 
;riHCEUR VAIHIHGEN GE//POLAD// 
•D0C06ATi"iF IZMIR TU 

:zacoLSE izhir tu 

:CLAS SECTION 02 OF 03 ANKARA 03291 



info for b/bmea/eu 

:lassifiec 
classified 



IE 02 ANKARA 03291 02 OF 03 091434Z 

D. 12356: N/A 

:=S: PREL, PGOV, SCOM, PHUM, NATO, ELAB, PLO, EEC, US, 
, GR, 12, TU 

3JECT: TURKISH PRESS REVIEW: MARCH 9, 1988 

?ANDREOU WILL RETRACT VETOES LEVIED AGAINST EACH OTHER 

NATO COUNCILS, AND ATHENS WILL ACCORD ADDITIONAL 
3HTS TO THE TURKISH ETHNIC MINORITY IN WESTERN THRACE. 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 88AKKARA0032S1 



OZAL, PAPANDREOU NOMINATED FOR irCE£:i..P£ACE. PRXgE^, .AW^ 

DAILIES REPORT THAT PRESIDENlS cJrjflfe wJ)RLfi.fe(?8N6«I^ J. 1 •* * * 
FORUM, PROF. KLAUSS SCHWAB, PSDI'f-SYlJ'TtSrr'PM ^ZRL 7SNB P» 
PAPANDREOU BE NOMINATED FOR THE I.CBEL PEACE PRIZE FOR 
THEIR GREAT EFFORT AND SINCERE I)£:SIP>E TO SOLVE EXISTING 
PROBLEMS. 



4. IRAQ 

TALABANI "WARNS ANKARA ON KIRKUK ;»1ID MOSULr "MILLiYET" " 

CARRIES A FRONT PAGE INTERVIEW W';TH THE LEADER OF THE 
"KURDISH PATRIOTIC UNION" ORGANI;iATI0N, CELAL TALABANI, 
WHO WARNS TURKEY NOT TO INTERFERE MILITARILY IN KIRKUK 
AND MOSUL. TALABANI SAYS THAT T'JPXSY COULD SEND A 
MAXIMUM OF 15 DIVISIONS TO KIRKU'<- MOSUL, WHICH COULD 
CREATE A NEW "VIETNAM" IN THE RE iION RESULTING FROM 
IRAQI KURDS JOINING KURDS IN TURKEY. 



5. PLC 

YILMAZ: TIME IS NO ONE'S ALLY lH MIDDLE EAST: "TURKISH 
DAILY NEWS" REPORTS THAT FOREIGN HIMISTEH YILMAZ, WHILE 
UNCLASSIFIED 
UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 ANKARA 03291 02 OF 03 0gi434Z 

EXPRESSIIIG UNCONDITIONAL SUPPORT FOR THE PALESTINIAN 
CAUSE, WARNED THAT TIME IS WORKI-iG RiSAINST ALL 
INTERESTED PARTIES IN THE MIDDLE EAST. "CUMHURIYET" 
WRITES THAT PLO NUMBER TWO MAN KiiACDOUMI SAID TURKEY CAN 
CHANGE THE BALANCE IN THE MIDDLE EAST, AND PRAISED PM 
OZAL FOR BELIEVING IN THE PALESTINIAN CAUSE. 



6. DOMESTIC AFFAIRS 

PARLIAMENT REJECTS DEBATE ON "MIT REPORT"! ALL DAILIES 

REPORT THAT A MOTION BY THE SOCIA'. DEMOCRATIC POPULIST 
PARTY (SHP) ASKING FOR A PARLIAME-JTiRY INQUIRY ON THE 
"MIT REPORT" THAT ALLEGEDLY LINKED FORMER CHIEF OF 
GENERAL STAFF URUG WITH UNDERGROUND LEADERS WAS REJECTED 
AT THE PARLIAMENT BY A BLOCK OF MOTHERLAND PARTY (ANAP) 
VOTES . 

TURK-IS PLANS TO LAUNCH A SERIES OF BOYCOTTS: ACCORDING 
TO "CUMHURIYET," TURKISH LABOR UNIONS CONFEDERATION 
(TURK-IS) WILL LAUNCH A SERIES OF LUNCH BOYCOTTS 
THROUGHOUT TURKEY AND RALLIES IN MAJOR CITIES TO 
ASCERTAIN WORKERS' OPINIONS. SENIOR TURK-IS EXECUTIVES 
BLASTED LABOR MINISTER IMREN AYKUT FOR HER REMARKS 
AGAINST TURK- IS INITIATIVES. "HURRIYET" REPORTS THAT 
LABOR UNION CHIEFS IN BALIKSaiS.HAD (»»E^ON Jl HUNSER ^t* 

• • • ; *•.*•, • {ASfl'Np. 5 



£::T of telegram 88AHKA5A003291 



1P.IKE TO PROTEST THE COST OF.iIVI»(i JVifD EVDLSSS.f lilCiS, , 

•••• « •••• mm m 

:<::sERSES. r 1 •• ♦ • •• • • 

•••• • •••• 4 

•• •••••• • • m 

E'lIREL: OZAL INVITES COMMUNISM THROUGH PRICE 
/.'.TEEASES: "MILLIYET" REPORTS THAT DYP LEADER SULEYMAK 

::aRr;L harshly criticized recent price incerases and 

:3H INFLATION RATES, AND ACCUSED THE OZAL GOVERNMENT OF 
};?IT1N<3 COMHUNISII AND DISTURBING THE INTERNAL PEACE IN 



/CLASSIFIED 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 8SANKARA0032&1 



ADP013 
UNCLASSIFIED 



• ■ 
■ • 



• • • 
• • • 



• * 
>• • 



PAGE 01 ANKARA 03291' 03 OF 03 0914352 

ACTION EUR-00 



INFO LOG-CO ADS-00 INR-10 CIAE-00 DODE-00 NEA-04 NSAE-00 
HA-09 AMAD-01 PM-10 PA-02 SIL-01 INRE-00 SP-02 
PRS-01 SDEL-03 /043 W 

.. -- -r=;L-r^~-----rT-----377.670 09143^Z-/38 -— — 

6 0914312 MAR ■ 88' ' ' ' ' ' " 

FH AHEMBASS7 ANKARA 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6106 

INFO ffSINFO WASHDC PRIORITY 

AMC0N3UL ADANA 

AMEMBASSY ATHENS 

AMCONSUL ISTANBUL 

AMCONSUL IZMIR 

AHEMBASSy NICOSIA 

USMISSION USNATO 

AMEKBASSY ISLAMABAD 

USDOC WASHDC 

HQ16THAF TORREJON AB SP//CCE// 
USDELMC BRUSSELS BE 

39TACG INCIRLIK TU//CC/PA//PJ«//IM// 

TUSLOG DET 33-3 ISKENDERUN 

CDRSETAF/5TH VICENZA IT//AESE-JIC// 

AFOSI DET 6901 INCIRLIK AB TU/'/CC// 

USDOCOSOUTH NAPLES IT 

628MAS INCIRLIK TU 

HQUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE//XP//PA/7 

USNMR SHAPE BE//P10// 

CINCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE//P0LAD// 

USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE//POLAD// 

USDOCOSATAF IZMIR TU 

USDOCOLSE IZMIR TU 

UNCLAS SECTION 03 OF 03 ANKAi». 03291 

USIMFO FOR B/BNEA/EU 

UNCLASSIFIED 
UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 ANKARA 03291 03 OF 03 091435Z 

E.O. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: PREL, PGOV, SCOH, PHUH, NATO, ELAB, PLO, EEC, US, 
PK, GR, IZ, TU 

SUBJECT: TURKISH PRESS REVIEW: MARCH 9, 1988 

THE COUNTRY. 

VURALHAN CRITICIZED AT PARLIAMENTARY COMMITTEE: 
"HURRIYET" REPORTS THAT SHP MEMESRS Of .THE* lURLUMElT^kS... 

J • •« J •• ; *•,*•, ••• ; {A^jNf. 7 



:::XT of TELEGH73I 83ANKARA003291 



E'JDGST COMMITTEE CRITICIZED qKFHJH, YURJVLHftp, ^TjD, ^ 

i'.::PR3SSED THE HOPE THAT VURJ.li^tNjWCjjLlJ NOl.CCJHTljfUB ftis: i 
'■IER3SP0NSIBLE ACTIONS" DURIWJ*HIff 7BE»»lft hwlc^.i S I :.. t. 
STRAUSZ-HUPE 



;>!CLASSIFIED 



:mnn 



:T of ?El,EGRAH 88ADANA 000135 



r.- ?243 . 
l.:-LAr!SIFIED 



*• 



•*« • • « • • • 



• • • 

F.-.3E 01 ADAllft 00135 . 221627Z 

.--:-.rio:i e'JR-oo 



LOfi-00 COPy-01 ADS-00 INR-10 CIAE-00 H-01 MSAE-OO 
Ha-09 INRE-OO /021 V 

010703 221651Z /43 

F 3 -2215^62 . FEB .88 -_ 

AMCONSUL ADANA "' 



SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITy 4201 
:! rO iJlffilBASSY ANKARA 
r.i.ZOVSVh ISTANBUL 
A" CONSUL IZMIR 

uVClAS ADANA 0135 

departaskt for h, ha, and eur/ee 
c:ngre.3sman beilehson also interested 



ll-i-<EL£ASE , , DSCLA;.SIFf 

ryjA cxsmptions 

PA Exemptions 



h 



■•!••< '^tsas Only: 
CilCitiana 



( ) CLASSSFV as ( ) s or / 

( 1 OOWNGRADE TS to ( ) s 



TS authority to 



1,3. 12356: N/A 
: .GS: FHUM, TU 

iJBJECr: HUMAN RIGHTS INQUIRE - SHP MEMBERS ARRESTED XK BATMAN AND 

r:iRT 



A) STATE 50331 NOTAL; B) ANKARA 1971 



•nGE 02 RUFTWPA6120 UNCLAS ADANA 0135 

■-. SUMMARY: THE SHP MEMBERS ARRESTED IN SIIRT AND EATHAH, NOW THE 
.-■•3JECT OF AN AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL URGENT ACTION CAMPAIGN, WERE 

rAREJfTLY ARRESTED BECAUSE OF ALLEGED LINKS TO THE TERRORIST PKK 
C.-:3ANIZfiTI0N AND WERE NOT REPEAT NOT ARRESTED FOR ANY SHP-RELATED 
.-.::riVITIES. SEVERAL OF THE DETAINEES HAVE REPORTEDLY BEEN RELEASED. 
E::RT •30VEHN0H TEKER HAS DENIED CHARGES OF TORTURE. EHE SUMMARY. 

1. in an effort to learn more about a series of recent arrests or 

■.■'•:;las3IFIED 
classified 

r;.3E 02 ADANA 00135 221627Z 

DIZENTIONS OF SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC POPULIST PARTY (SHP) MEMBERS AND 
OTHERS IN SIIRT PROVINCE, CONSULATE ADANA ON FEBRUARY 1? CONTACTED 
Sn? CHRIR2IAN HRHFUZ ERTEN IN SIIRT REGARDING THE PERSONS LISTED IK 
T:-:3 AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL (AI) "URGENT ACTION" CIRCULAR AND ALSO 
:; lUIRKD ABOUT FURTHER ARRESTS OF SHP SUPPORTERS REPORTED IN THE 

rrsRuAEy i7 "cumhuriyet." 

: . ERTEH CONFIRMED THE ARRESTS BUT ADDED THAT IT WAS GJILY COINCI- 
DENTAL THAT SOME OF THE 067;UP!ES V(ES£ jPg. I^B£|i^». Jig DfJIIED THE 
•* *S •••• • • 4rti^ vn 1 



TEXT OF TELEGRAH 88ADANA 000:.3£ 



ARRESTS WERE RELATED TO SHP PCLI5liiCAf*^g3'],VITY, AN5,qfjAIH|;jJ Jl^qj J^OSE 
ARRESTED WERE BEING QUESTIONKC Bi idLS.SE lt)R t'{!^3lA£ eoSttfEClS^KS I 
WITH AND SUPPORT OF THE KURUISH «(fOiafflfe« ^ARi? ^PKWf.Iflil I&I^9A&** 



PAGE 03 RUFTWPA6120 UNCLAS ADANA 0135 

MARXIST-LENINIST GROUP CALLIIFG FOR THE ESTABLISHHENT OF AN INDEPEND- 
ENT KURDISH STATE IN SOUTHEASTEHN TURKEY. (THE PKK HAS CARRIED OUT 

'■ NUHEROUS ATTACaCS. AGAINST TURKISH.. GOVERNMENT. OFFICIALS, -SECURITY „ 

FORCES AND VILLAGERS IN THE SOUTHEAST SINCE 1984.) ERTEN CLAIMED 
THAT A RECENTLY ARRESTED PKK MEMBER HAD SUPPLIED THE NAMES OF SEVERAL 
PERSONS TO SECURITY FORCES A^D THAT POLICE HAD ARRESTED THESE 
INDIVIDUALS AND WERE QUESTIOl^IHG THEM. ERTEN NOTED THAT NOT ALL OF 
THOSE ARRESTED OR DETAINED WERE MEMBERS OF THE SHP; SOME MEMBERS OF 
THE RULING MOTHERLAND PARTY VERS REPORTEDLY UNDER SUSPICION, AS WELL. 
SEVERAL OF THE DETAINEES HAVE BSEN RELEASED, AND ERTEN EXPECTS THAT 
OTHERS WILL BE RELEASED SHORTLY. 

f • 

4, THE FEBRUARY 22 "CUMHURIYST=' CARRIED A SHORT STORY QUOTING ERTEN 
IN WHICH HE AGAIN EXPRESSED KIS BELIEF THAT THE RECENT ARRESTS ARE 
NOT DIRECTED AGAINST THE SHP. ERTEN INDICATED THAT A CONSULATE 
REPRESENTATIVE HAD CONTACTED HIM ABOUT THE SITUATION AND THAT AN AI 
OFFICIAL IN LONDON HAD PLACEE Ca,LLS TO THE RELATIVES OF THE PRIS- 
UHCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 AOAHA 00135 223 627Z 

ONERS. PRESS TREATMENT WAS FACTUAL AND INNOCUOUS. 

5. SIIHT GOVERNOR SELAMI TEKER MAS ALSO QUOTED IN THE FEBRUARY 22 
"CUMHURIYET" AS SAYING THAT HI: HAD RECEIVED MANY LETTERS FROM ABROAD 
CONDEMNING THE ARRESTS. TEKEIi DECLARED THAT THE DETAINEES HAVE NOT 
REPEAT NOT BEEN TORTURED AND CONFIRMED THAT THEY ARE IN CUSTODY FOR 
INVESTIGATIVE PURPOSES. AFTEI'. THE INVESTIGATION IS COMPLETED, HE 
INDICiTED THAT THEY WOULD BE VRAHSFERRED TO THE COURTS FOR PROSECU- 
TION (IF THERE IS SUBSTANCE Tt- THE CHARGES). 

KENNEDY 



2 



OF TELEGRAH 88AinCARA002108 




- ;. 3E 01 
-.CTIOK HA-09 



ANKARA 02108 01 OF 02 130937Z 



INFO 



LOG-00 COPX-01 ADS-00 AID-00 INR-10 
OIC-02 CIAE-00 EB-00 H-01 10-19 
L-03 LAB-04 THSE-00 PA-01 STR-17 
.SPtJ.0 JISIErdDO _SP.-:02 SR-06 PES-Ql.. 



i;ua-oo 

N3CE-00 

s:l-oi 

.. /037..W-. 



SS-00 
NSAE-00 
IMHE-00 



-340646 13221.4Z; /64 



( I EXCISE ( 1 oHCLAi-iif-v 

( ) DENY ,u p^RT 

( ) OELETE Non- Responsive Info 

FOIA exemptions 

PA Exemptions 



:- 13C632Z FEB 88 
~:: AJiEMBASSY ANKARA 
■re 'SECSTATE WASHDC 5524 

:?:fo pjiembassy Athens 
;.\-cok&ul rdana 
.h.kconsul istanbul 

AKCaDIiSUL IZMIR 
.-.MEHBASSY NICOSIA 
TECDEF WASHDC 

ZS VIJ^HDC 

SKISSION USNATO 

SCIMCEtlR VAIHINGEN GE//POLAD// 

iCOCCSOtlTH NAPLES IT//INTAFF 

SNHR SHAPE BE//INTAFF// 
CINCUSAFE HAKSTEIN RB GE//POUVD// 



^ r SECTION 01 OF 02 ANKARA 0210-3 

:.0. 12356: DECL: OADR 
:ags: ?HUK, TU 
-•BJECT: TURKISH PRESS COVERS SCHIFTER, MFA STATEMENTS 
ON HR REPORT 

"EF: (A) ANKARA 1972 (B) STATE 38621 

CONFIDENTIAL - ENTIRE TEXT 

S1ROIARY: SECOND DAY PRESS COVERAGE OF THE 1987 
IlHAN RIGHTS REPORT ON TURKEY VARIED IN PROMINENCE ASD 
■::OPE BUT HIGHLIGHTED AMBASSADOR SCHIFTEH'S PRESS 



to Citutions 



( » CLASSIFY as f ) S Of ( 

( 1 DOWNGRADE TS to ( ) S or 



TS authority to 



~.-.GE 02 



ANKARA 02103 01 OF 02 130937Z 



conference and mfa's reaction to the report. the 
;;a3s-c:rculation and nationalist tabloids in particular 

?OJHCED ok THE PRESS CONFERENCE AND THE REPORTED 
description OP KURDS AS A "IfATIONAL MINORITY." ALTKOJGH 
HEADLINES AND LEAD-INS WERE UNQUESTIONABLY CRITICAL, THE 
■::~D1 OF PRESS ARTICLES COMPRISED BASICALLY STRAIGHT 
REPORTING. EDITORIAL ASSAULTS ARE LIKELY YET TO COME. 
r.::3 SUMMARY. 




1 



TE::T of telegram 88ANKARA0C2108 



3. PRESS REPORTING TWO D.iiS AFTEP ^frEASg OF,,Tgg 

198'? HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT ON TUHKftS 44Bj[EDlFR(3!t:rt;f>28 ibti 
PAPER IN THE PROMINENCE AND SCOPE* bp»eWERA6^. ! WHSiE ? * 
SEVERAL SMALLER TABLOIDS OMITTED IT AND LEFT-OF-CENTER 
"CUMHURIYET" BURIED A SMALL PIECE ON THE DCM'S MEETING 
AT THE MFA, THE MASS-CIRCULATION "HURRIYET" AND 
RIGHT-WING "TERCUKAN" SPLASHED ACROSS THE FRONT PAGE 
HEADLINES DECRYING U.S. "IMPERTINENCE/INSOLENCE" 
(TURKISH: KUHSTAHLIK) ON THE KURDISH ISSUE. 



4. THE REPORT'S TREATMENT OF TORTURE RECEIVED SCiNT 
ATTENTION FEB. 12. MOST Cf/VER-iVGE FOCUSED ON AMBASSADOR 
SCHIFTER'S PRESS CONFERENCE; AND MFA SPOKESMAN INAL 
BATU'S SHARP BLAST AT THE REPORT (SEE PARA 5). 
"HuRRIYET" WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENT SEDAT ERGIN, 
COMMENTING ON THE PRESS CONFERENCE, OPINED THAT THIS WAS 
TH3 SECOND IMPORTANT EVENT IN RECENT STATE DEPARTMENT 
TREATMENT OF THE KURDISH ISSUE. THE FIRST, ACCORDING TO 
ERGIN, WAS A DECEMBER REPLY TO A CONGRESSIONAL INQUIRY 
TO THE EFFECT THAT WITH RES?ECT TO THEIR RELATIONS WITH 
TKS TURKISH GOVERNMENT, THE KURDS SHOULD BENEFIT FROM 
THE RIGHTS RECOGNIZED UNDER THE HELSINKI FINAL ACT. 
En3IN CONTINUED THAT, WITH -rHE 1987 REPORT AND PRESS 
nn-;^F.RF.MnF. ■ THF. USG HAD FOR THE FIRST TIME DESCRIBED THE 




PAGE 03 ANKARA 021D8 01 OF 02 130937Z 

KUKDS AS A "NATIONAL MINORITY" DESERVING OP EQUAL 
TRZAMEMT UNDER THE LAUSANNE TREATY. 

5- JUXTAPOSED AGAINST EXCERPTS OF THE SCHIFTER PRESS 
CC.VFERENCE, PAPERS REPORTED THAT THE AMERICAN CHARGE HAD 
BE"S CALLED IN ON FEBRUARY 9 TO RECEIVE TURKISH VIEWS OF 
THE REPORT (REF A) . THE PRESS REPORTS THAT BATU TOLD 
THE CHARGE HE WAS CONCERNED ABOUT THE NEGATIVE IMPACT OF 
THE REPORT OH BILATERAL RELATIONS. THE PAPERS ALSO 
CARRIED BATU'S PRESS STATEMENT, IN WHICH HE SAID THAT, 
AS IN PAST YEARS, THE REPORT HAD FOCUSED ON MINORITY 
ISSUES IN A PREJUDICED MANNER "WHICH HAD NO CONNECTION 
WITH REALITY... THE FIRM, DETERMINED POSITION OF THE 
TURKISH GOVERNMENT, WHICH ONLY A SHORT WHILE AGO SIGNED 
THr AGREEMENTS OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE UNITED 
NATIONS AGAINST TORTURE, WITH REGARD TO THE APPLICATION 
OF HUMAN RIGHTS, INCLUDING THE STRUGGLE AGAINST TORTURE 
ANt MISTREATMENT, IS APPARENT. EVERYONE IS AWARE OF THE 
B?/uJC PRINCIPLES EXERCISED IN THE FORMATION OF THE 
T'JF-KSH REPUBLIC AND THE STRIDES WHICH THE REPUBLIC OF 
TURKEY HAS MADE IN THE IMPLANTATION OF DEMOCRACY IN OUR 
COUNTRY WITHIN THE FRAMEWORT-; OF NATIONAL UNITY AND 
INTEGRITY. IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO UNDERSTAND THE FACTORS 
WHICH UNDERLIE THE PREPARATION OF A REPORT SUCH AS THIS, 
WHICH OVERLOOKS THESE POINTS, ON THE PART OF THE 
GOVERNMENT OF A FRIENDLY W'liALtlEIJ JTAXIOll.. . JI^^S.^V 

: : : .: : *. *. :.: : : .£a&s no. 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 88ANKASA002108 




FACT THAT. THIS REPORT, FOR ALL Of ^ TIJfgE, , REASONS , HAS, , ^ 

CR3ATED DEEP DISAPPOINTMENT AND j'xSXULpSIONHBIJT W'fvgi?** • J't 
SiGHENT OF TURKISH PUBLIC 0PINI0ft«^' !..*.» I., i i ..*..* t S I t,m I.* 

6. COMMENT: WHILE THE HEADLINES WERE CLEARLY 
SENSATIONALIST AND THE LEAD-INS CRITICAL OF THE REPORT 
AND THE SCHIFTEH PRESS CONFEREHCE, THE BODY OF ARTICLES 




NNHN 





.ffltS NO. 



3 



:T of telegram 88ANK2^002108 



3E 01 ANKARA 02108 02 OF 02 130938Z 

■TIQN HR-09 



?0 LOG-00 COPY-01 fiPS-OO AID-00 
OIC-02 CIAE-00 EB-00 H-Cl 
L-03 LAB-04 IRSE-OO PA-01 
HP-IQ USIEt-OO ....SPt;02 SfirOe. 



INR-10 EUR-00 SS-00 
10-19 HSCE-00 HSAE-00 
STR-17 SIL-01 INRE-00 

. - ERS-01 /.08.7„W . 

-340650 132254Z /64 



:30932Z FEB 88 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
" 'SECSTATE WASHDC 5525 
?0 AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
rONSUL ADAMA 

:::oNSUL Istanbul 

:;CONSUL IZMIR 
:EMBASSY NICOSIA 
:-DEP WASHDC 
WASHDC 

;::issioN usnato 

-CINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE//PCLAD// 
5D0C0S0UTH NAPLES IT//INTAFF 
;n-HR shape BE//INTAFF// 
NCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE//P0LAD// 

' SECTION 02 OF 02 ANKARA 02108 

.0. 12356: DECL: OADR 
■-.SS'. PHUM, TU 

;3JECT: TURKISH PRESS COVERS SCHIFTER, MPA STATEMENTS 

-.3 comprised basically of factual reportage. we 
•.:.:eve that the Turkish press' more prominent editorial 
.:iers are still digesting the report and got 
:;>ctiohs, and that a barrage of negative commentary is 
":;bably yet to come, strausz-hupe 




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TA68< FREL* FOOVi FHUN> FTERi SC0N> TU> 6Ri LY 
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PAGE 08 



ANKARA 01934 03 OF 03 101<«58Z 



TAOSi PREL> PC0V4 PHUN« P^TER* SCON* TUj OR* LY 
SUBJECT! TURKISH PRESS RCVICUt FEBRUARY 10* 1988 



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• • • » • • • « • k , 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 88STflTE 033260 



PAGE 01 STATE 033260 

ORIGIN EUR-00 




IKFO LOG-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 HA-09 /OlO R 



DRAFTED BY: EUR/SE:LUNCU " 

aPPROVED_BX.: . JIUR/SE : TBFHXEDHAN. . 

HA:TWILLIAMS (INFO) 



•3 7''612 040645Z /12 



R 032108Z FEB 88 
FK;SECSTATE MASHDC 
TO AKEHBASS? ANKARA 
INFO AMCOHSUL IZHIR 
AHCONSUL ISTANBUL 
AHCONSUL ADANA 



NOFORN 



r STATE 033260 



( ) 0£L£TE Ncn-Respons;v« Info 
FOJA gxemtatjona 
PA Exemptions 



( 1 CLASSIFY as ( ) S or ( 

( ) DOWNGRADE TS to ( ) S or 



TS authority to 



E.O. 12356: N/A 
TAGS: PHUH, TU 

SUBJECT: 1987 HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT FOR TUSKEy 
REF: STATE 5999 

1. THE FOLLOWING IS THE FINAL VERSION CF THE HUMAN 
RIGHTS REPORT FOR TURKEY AS IT WAS SUBV.IirED TO 
CONGRESS. AS STATED REFTEL, THE REPOR'.' SSKAINS EMBARGOED 
UNTIL POST IS NOTIFIED BY THE DEPAHTME:ri OF THE RELEASE 
DATE. 

2. BEGIN TEXT: TURKEY IS A REPUBLIC WIt.T ft MULTIPARTY 
PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM AND A STRONG PRES.rEtfCY. IN 1987 
TURKEY COMPLETED A RETURN TO A FULL FUi.'CCIONING 
DEMOCRACY. A REFERENDUM, PASSED ON SEP! EMBER 6, RESTORED 
ALL POLITICAL RIGHTS TO THOSE FORMER POIiriCIANS WHO HAD 



PAGE 02 



STATE 033260 



BEEN BANNED FROM POLITICS BY A PROVISICNf.L ARTICLE OF THE 
1982 CONSTITUTION. ALL CHARGES AGAINST 'CHE FORMERLY 
BANNED POLITICIANS FOR ACTIVITIES PHIOF TO THE HEFEHENDUH 
WERE DROPPED. PRIME MINISTER TURGUT OZAL CALLED FOR 
EARLY NATIONAL ELECTIONS WHICH TOOK PLACE ON N0VE8BER 
29. THESE WERE THE FIRST NATIONAL ELECTIONS SINCE 1980 
TO INCLUDE ALL PROMINENT POLITICAL LEADERS. PRIME 

MINISTER OZAL'S MOTHERLAND PARTY WON THE ELECTIONS FROM A 



mmm 



::7 OF TELE6I7AH 88STATE 033260 



?:=IXI OF SEVEK LEGAL POLITICAL PARTIGS. 

...H: TOSKISH NATIONAL POLICE IN THE Cfflli!^ Atllf*TH& 

... -TOaSHA IN THE COUNTRySIDE ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR 
!:.-.:irraiNING public order, on JULY 19, the GOVERNMENT 
Lr.rTED MARTIAL LAW IN THE LAST FIVE PROVINCES WHERE IT 

BEEN IN EFFECT. AT PRESENT NINE PROVINCES (ISTANBUL, 
I'^-JS EIGHT PROVINCES IN THE SOUTHEAST WHERE THE 
COV35NMENT FACES ARMED KURDISH GUERRILLAS) REMAIN UNDER A 

"r.-;TE_OF._EMEEGEHCY ,--WHICH..EMPOWERS . JTHEIR CI VJLIAit 

-;. 3iElH0HS TO EXERCISE SOME OF THE POWERS OF MARTIAL LAW 

3IANDERS. IN ADDITION, A SPECIALLY EMPOWERED 
' :PERGOVEroiOE-' OVERSEES AND COORDINATES THE ACTIONS OF 

GOVERNORS IN SOUTHEASTERN TURKEY (INCLUDING THE 8 
SCigTHKASTERN PBOVIHCES UNDER THE STATS OF EMERGENCY) . 




r ':;CE 1980 TURKEY HAS BEEN MOVING FROM A CLOSED ECONOMY, 

MIBATED BY TH2 STATE SECTOR, TO A FREE MARKET, 
. .;K3RT-0RIENTED economy. ALTHOUGH THE RATES OF INFLATION 
::::'D unemployment are still high, the economy under THE 
■-r.'.'SBNMENT'S STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT PROGRAM HAS MADE 
2UH-3TANTIAL ^iDVANCES. IN APRIL TURKEY APPLIED FOR FULL 
KE:3ERSHIP III THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY. 



J-.SS 03 STATE 033260 

7;3J3£ESS IN THE OBSERVANCE OF HUMAN RIGHTS CONTINUED IN 
-37. THE END OF MARTIAL LAW IN JULY 1987, THE LIFTING 
r POLITICAL DANS IN THE SEPTEMBER REFERENDUM, AND RECENT 
-jRT RULINGS REMOVED MANY RESTRAINTS ON FREEDOM OF THE 
-.ESS. IN JANUARY THE GOVERNMENT RECOGNIZED, IN 
■;INCIPLE, T!tE RIGHT OF TURKISH CITIZENS TO APPEAL TO THE 
."POPEAN HUMAN RIGHTS CQHMISSIOH, ALTHOUGH IT HAS YET TO 
"PROVE APPEALS TO THE EUROPEAN HUMAN RIGHTS COURT, WHOSE 
L~ISIONS ARE BINDING. IN JANUARY 1988, TURKEY SIGNED 
■-.3 COUNCIL OF EUROPE (COE) CONVENTION FOR THE PREVENTION 
- TORTURE AND INHUMAN OR DEGRADING TREATMENT AND 
.;.-OaNCED ITS INTENTION TO SIGN A SIMILAR U.N. 
:-:-.EEMENT. BY SIGNING, THE GOVERNMENT OF TURKEY, FOR THE 
:.-tST TIME, ACCEPTED OFFICIAL OTTSIDE MONITORING OF 
..-.CES OF DETENTION, A STEP HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATIONS 
.D LONG BEEN ADVOCATING. APPLICATION FOR MEMBERSHIP IN 

EUROPEAN COMMUNITY HAS PROVIDED AN ADDITIONAL IMPETUS 
:- BRINGING HUMAN RIGHTS PRACTICES INTO CONFORMITY WITH 

:;rERAL westerj; European norms. 



■.r GOVERNMENT PROSECUTED MANY PERSONS ACCUSED OF 
:~ TURING DETAINEES. INCSSASED PENALTIES FOR TORTURE 
■.■?E BEEN INCORPORATED INTO THE PROPOSED REVISION OF THE 
.IkL CODE. THE GOVERHMEMT IS ALSO IMPROVING PRISON 

li.'DITIONS BY BUILDING MEW FACJJ^tTjgfJ AJI^ RggPCJMpiNq JO, 

: : : ,i : \ ;.: "•PAcsElyc:* 



TEXT OF TELEGRAH 88STATE 033260 



PRISONER DEMANDS. HOWEVER, DESPITF t^;aejieBXMEH5'S «. . 
EFFORTS TO DATE, SERIOUS AND REPEA?Efi iSfiltlENeES JSf j j. 

TORTURE CONTINUE TO BE REPORTED. " 

SOKE MINORITf PROBLEMS PERSIST. THE CONSTITUTION REGARDS 
ALL CITIZENS AS TUSKS BUT, EXCEPT 10.^ THE SPECIAL STATUS 
GRANTED TO NON-MUSLIM MINORITIES BJ THE TREATY OF 
LAUSANNE (1923), TURKEY DOES NOT LEGALLY RECOGNIZE THE 
EXISTENCE OF ETHNIC HIHORITIES. 




PAGE 04 STATE 033260 



TRADE UNIONS AND ASSOCIATIONS ARE FROHIBITED BY THE 1982 
CONSTITUTION AND THE LAW ON ASSOCIJ.IX'JNS FROM ENGAGING IN 
POLITICAL ACTIVITIES OR HAVING ORGANIC LINKS OH TIES WITH 
POLITICAL PARTIES. ' 

RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS 

SECTION 1 RESPECT FOR THE INTEGRia ? .IF THE PERSON, 
INCLUDING PHEEDOM FROH: 

A. POLITICAL KILLING 

THERE WERE NO ACCUSATIONS OP POLITI rj-l.LY MOTIVATED 
KILLINGS BY GOVERMHBST FORCES IH 1S3' A TERRORIST 
BOMBING IN ISTANBUL DURING OCTOBER S:::.L3D ONE PERSON. 
ALSO, AN ATTACK ON A POLICE STATION 7. ISTANBUL IN AUGUST 
RESULTED IN THE DEATH OF ONE POLICE*? ■;. 

B. DISAPPEARANCE 

THERE WERE NO KNOWN DISAPPEARANCES CAUSED BY GOVERNMENT 
FORCES. 

C. TORTURE AND OTHER CRUEL, IHHUMAi:, OR DEGRADING 
TREATMENT OR PUNISHMENT 

IN JANUARY 1988, TURKEY SIGNED THE CCVViCIL OF EUROPE 
(COE) CONVENTION FOR THE PREVENTION 0 TORTURE AND 
IMKUKAM OR DEGRADING TEtEATMENT AND IJIrTOUNCED ITS 
INTENTION TO SIGN A SIMILAR U.N. AGIEiHENT. ACCESSION TO 
THE COE CONVENTION ALLOWS AN INTERN;.T.:GNAL COMMITTEE OF 
COE MEMBER STATES TO VISIT ALL PLACtS "^F DETENTION 
(POLICE STATIONS, CIVILIAN AND MILTCRrT PRISONS, AND 




PAGE 05 STATE 033260 

MENTAL HOSPITALS) AT AMY TIME, FOLLOWING NOTIFICATION OF 

THE VISIT TO THE GOVERNMENT OF. JliSJfEi"- - WKflUtfCJli§,y;P,„ , 

: : ,: : : :,: :PA«E,ja. 

• ; •• •••• • ««• 



m[mm 

3 



-VT or TELEGRAK 88STATE 033260 



:ENTI0!: to sign the COE C0HVENTI0ia*,T5ff,aaVfRNlJEN:r.. .< . 
r^ESSED TIE SEBIOUSNESS OF TURKEY • ^ llE&tl&: TD EUpICATB • 




; ■ rHOUGH TIIE CONSTITUTION STATES THAT "NO ONE SHALL BE 
. 3JECTED TO TORTURE OR ILt-TREATMENT INCOMPATIBLE WITH 
: IAN DIGNITY," TURKISH POLITICIANS, THE TURKISH PRESS, 
J.i,D OUTSIDE MONITORING GROUPS HAVE REPEATEDLY ASSERTED 
THfiT PRISCN3RS ARE SUBJECT TO MISTREATMENT AND TORTURE 

ING-Ii:iTIAL --lNIERR0GaTI0N..OR IMPEISONHENT IN.-XTS, 

'T MEMBEE 1987 FILE ON TORTURE, AMNEST? INTERNATIONAL 
J?GED THAT TORTURE WAS "WIDESPREAD" AND "SYSTEMATIC," 
AIHIHG ?HaT "ALMOST 4 YEARS AFTER A CIVILIAN GOVERNMENT 
ME TO POWER IN NOVEMBER 1983, NO EFFECTIVE MEASURES 
i./.'E BEEN TAKEN TO PREVENT TORTURE." THE AMNESTY FILE 

:;ic:luded accouNTs of torture methods, centers of torture, 

r.EI-LUAL ABUSE, AND DEATH IN CUSTODY. HELSINKI WATCH IN 
: "3 LATEST REPORT CONCLUDED THAT "TORTURE IS STILL 
?t^.ACTICED :K turkey ON A LARGE SCALE." IT ALSO STATED, 
.-::iWSVER, THAT ABUSE OR TORTURE IN PRISONS, APART FROM THE 
:..:riTIAL DETENTION PERIOD, HAS SUBSTANTIALLY DECREASED. 



?ME ASSERTIONS OF TORTURE CONCERN TREATMENT THAT COULD 
:, DEFINED AS ^POLICE BRUTALITY, SUCH AS ROUGH HANDLING BY 
...LICE OFFICIALS AIMED AT INTIMIDATING A SUSPECT OR 
r;ISONEH OR RESULTING PROM PERSONAL ANIMOSITY. IN OTHER 
■.3ES THE MISTREATMENT APPEARS TO INVOLVE SYSTEMATIC 
L.^TURE. NEARLY ALL OF THE NUMEROUS ASSERTIONS HAVE 
rSIVED FHOir TREATMENT DURING INITIAL PERIODS OF 
COMMUNICiiDO DETENTION, BEFORE CHARGES WERE FILED AND 
:~ORE THE ACCUSED WAS ABLE TO CONTACT AN ATTORNEY. MANY 
..3ES WERE DOCUMENTED BY MEDICAL EVIDENCE. GREATER ; 
"SEDOM OF THE PRESS HAS YIELDED EXTENSIVE COVERAGE IN 
;3KEY OF SUCH INSTAHCES OF TORTURE, INCLUDING PHOTOS OF 



3E 06 STATE 033260 



•■:::tihs, descriptions of methods, and sketches of 
.-semises where torture is said to have taken place. 



T-SN BEFORE SIGNING THE COE CONVENTION, THE GOVERNMENT 

D CONDEMiIED TORTURE AND EXPRESSED ITS DETERMINATION TO 
; \DIcaTE IT BY PROMPT AND SEVERE PUNISHMENT OF 
i TENDERS. FOLLOWING THE NOVEMBER ELECTIONS, THE NEWLY 
:.; -OINTED DIRECTOR GENERAL OF SECURITY, WHO SERVES AS 
:-:i.-.D OF TI.E TURKISH NATIONAL POLICE, FLATLY CONDEMNED THE 
?!;.:iCTICE OF TORTURE AND PLEDGED TO ERADICATE IT. THE 
G3>'EHNMENT HAS MADE EFFORTS TO INVESTIGATE ASSERTIONS OF 
.TURE A^D to prosecute the OFFENDERS. ALTHOUGH 
JURATE FIGURES FOR THE NUMBER OF INVESTIGATIONS AND 
3SECUTICN3 ARE HOT AVAILABLE, THE PRESS CONTINUES TO 
;._:'ORT SENTENCES OP THOSE CONVICTED OF TORTURE. FOR 

i:::ample, ih october, FOLLOwiNciA.juuicijii* MEPiQAi, jag^pii'^.,, , 

: ; : .: ; :,: :PA«E.^cs. 

•^f * * •••• • 




TEXT OP TELEGRAM 88STATE 033260 



DETEEMIMATlbK THAT A PRISONER 
RESULT OF TORTURE, THE GOVERNHEN' 



ENV OPfelteS'A: CASE /^silinsf*^ • i 



NUMBER OF MILITARY PERSONNEL, INC'_UDING ONE OFFICER. 
THIS SAME OFFICER WAS LATER CONVLCiTED OF TORTURE IN A 
SEPARATE CASE. NONETHELESS, INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS 
ORGANIZATIONS CONTINUE TO MAINTAiJi THAT MAN? ASSERTIONS 
OF TORTURE ARE NOT FULLY INVESTIGATED AND THAT SOME 
CONVICTED OFFENDERS CONTINUE TO OJOiy OUT THEIR OFFICIAL 
DUTIES_EVEN_WHILE-irHEIR CASES AT^ 3EIN& JiPPEALED^ 



HUMAN RIGHTS ADVOCATES BOTH IN MiC OUTSIDE OF TURKEY, 
INCLUDING THE TURKISH BAR ASSOCX?.a'I0N, HAVE SUGGESTED 
THAT THE MOST EFFECTIVE WAY TO ?I.r:VENT TORTURE OR 
ASSERTIONS OF TORTURE IS TO ALL3V LAWYERS ACCESS TO 
PRISONERS DURING THE INITIAL PERIOD OF DETENTION. SUCH 
ACCESS IS BEING CONSIDERED AM0N3 PROPOSED REVISIONS TO 



PAGE 07 



STATE 033260 



THE CRIMINAL CODE. THE REVISED CRIMINAL CODE, IF 
ADOPTED, WOULD ALSO INCREASE THZ PUNISHMENT FOR TORTURE. 
THE CURRENT CRIMINAL CODE CATEGORIZES MURDER BY TORTURE 
AS MANSLAUGHTER AND PUNISHES IT WITH AH S-YEAR SENTENCE. 
PENALTIES FOR TORTURE WHICH DOES HOT RESULT IN DEATH 
RANGE FROM 3 TO 5 YEARS. IN 1986 THE PARLIAMENT DEFEATED 
A BILL WHICH WOULD HAVE INCREASE::) THIS PENALTY TO A RANGE 
OF 5 TO 10 YEARS. THE NEW CRIMINAL CODE WOULD INCREASE 
THE PENALTY FOR MURDER BY TORTURE TO UP TO 16 YEARS. 

IN AUGUST, FOLLOWING WIDESPREAD ilrNGER STRIKES BY 
PRISONERS AND PARALLEL DEMO»STRAT::OKS BY THEIR FRIENDS 
AND RELATIVES OUTSIDE THE PRISONS, TURKISH REPORTERS WERE 
PERMITTED FOR THE FIRST TIME TO /ISIT PRISONS AND TO 
REPORT EXTENSIVELY ON PRISON CONDI TIONS. AS A RESULT OF 
THIS PRESS ATTENTION, CONDITIONS iV MANY PRISONS APPEAR 
TO HAVE IMPROVED. THE GOVERNMEN r HAS RESPONDED TO MANY 
PRISONER DEMANDS AND HAS BEEN BUILDING NEW PRISONS TO 
IMPROVE LIVING CONDITIONS. THE lIINISTER OF JUSTICE 
CLAIMED IN SEPTEMBER THAT PRISON CONDITIONS HAD IMPROVED 
DRAMATICALLY IN THE LAST 3 YEARS WITH THE ESTABLISHMENT 
OF 93 NEW PLACES OF DETENTION. HOWEVER, BECAUSE OF ITS 
RELATIVE UNDERDEVELOPMENT, MOST P'.";3LIC FACILITIES IN 
TURKEY, INCLUDING PRISONS, ARE £'Ti:.L SUBSTANDARD WHEN 
JUDGED AGAINST THOSE OF MANY DEVELOPED COUNTRIES. 

D. ARBITRARY ARREST, DETENTION, EXILE, OR FORCED LABOR 



EXCEPT IN LIMITED CIRCUMSTANCES, 3:-CH AS WHEN A PERSON IS 
CAUGHT in THE ACT OF COMMITTING ; TRIME, A JUDGE MUST 
ISSUE A -DETENTION WARRANT TO THE r:■^OSECUTOR IF A PRISONER 
IS TO BE 'incarcerated. THE POLI.C OR PUBLIC PROSECUTOR, 
HOWEVER, CAN HOLD PERSONS TAKEIi .*i:3 CUS%ODy, .. , . 

:pa«e.J((3. 




".-^T OF TELEGRAM 88STATE 033260 



rraMMOMICADO AND WITHOUT CHARCfE FOI^1iP;lt>*24:HO«ag,»*p«* J j— 
JRT OIJDER, THE PERIOD OF INC01fKUNIl;yiDP*j:^TEf(;^l|J^ Hj^V^jEj J* 




?;-3E Of- 



STATE 033260 



e::z'ende.o to 15 days, in cases of "offenses committed 

C;LLECILVELI_BY..THEEE..OR-HORE_EEESaNS, DETENTION-WITHOUT- 
C.-:.y?GfE FOR UP TO 15 DAYS IS PERMITTED WITHOUT 
- JRT OilT'ER. 



THE HIKE PROVINCES UNDER A STATE OF EMERGENCY, THE 
VERHOS (OR SUPERGOVERNOR) MAY AUTHORIZE DETENTION OF k 
RSOlf ?CR UP TO 30 DAYS WITHOUT CHARGE. UNDER EMERGENCY 
r LE, AUTHORITIES DO HOT HEED WARRANTS TO DETAIN 
t:3PECTS. ONCE IN FORMAL CUSTODY, A DETAINEE IS TAKEN 
HEFORE A PUBLIC PROSECUTOR TO BE INFORMED OF PENDING 
CHARGES. IF THE PROSECUTOR DECIDES TO PURSUE THE CASE, 
THE DBTAIHSE IS ARRAIGNED BEFORE A JUDGE AND SUBSEQUENTLY 
"• ..lOWED TO RETAIN A LAWYER. 



-.RLIAiCENT IN 1986 DEFEATED A BILL REQUIRING IMMEDIATE 
;CESS TC A LAWYER. A PROPOSED REVISION OF THE CRIMINAL 
"DE UJfDER WHICH A PERSON, UPON BEING DETAINED, WOULD 
;-.VE THE RIGHT TO OBTAIN A LAWYER IS STILL UNDER 
:SCU&5I02{. A DETAINEE DOES NOT HAVE A RIGHT OF BAIL; 
:-:E AKRAIGNING judge, however, hay release THE ACCUSED ON 
SOVISIONAL LIBERTY ON PRESENTATION OP AN APPROPRIATE 
rARAMTEE, OR ORDER HIM HELD IN PREVENTIVE DETENTION I? 
IS COSTT DETERMINES THAT HE MAY FLEE OR DESTROY 
IDEMCE. THE CONSTITUTION SPECIFIES THE RIGHT OF 
TAINEES TO REQUEST SPEEDY COHCLUSIOH OF ARRAIGNMENT AKI^ 
lAL. IN ALL CASES, THE AUTHORITIES MAY HOLD A DETAIMFE 
;;C0MM3N1CAD0 WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME LIMITS UNTIL aS: 
If CHARGED OR RELEASED. ACCORDING TO THE POLICE POWERS 
.- r OF :-975, A DETAINEE'S NEXT OF KIH MUST MORHALLY BE 
TIFI3D "IN THE SHORTEST TIME." 



APRIL 15, THE PARLIAMENT PASSED A LAW RESCINDING A 




P.-.GE 09 STATE 033260 



3VIsrON OF THE EXECUTION OF SENTENCES ACT OF 1986 THAT 
LHMITTED TURKISH JUDICIAL AUTHORITIES TO IMPOSE 
E.;,-TENCES OF "SECURITY OBSERVATION," KNOWN COMMONLY AS 
INTERNAL EXILE. 

-:S COKSTITUTION PROHIBITS FORCED LABOR, AND THERE IS 
:.'fE II! PRACTICE. 



DEKIAL OF FAIR PUBLIC TR^A^ •• 



ilSSIFIE 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 88SIATE 033Z60 



DEFENDANTS NORMALLY HAVE THE FIGHT TO,ai{.5Pf^f;TpiJi|.,*«l5. 

SOME TRIALS, SUCH AS THOSE HELD IN MILITARY PRISONS CR *0H 
MILITARY COMPOUNDS, MEMBERS C'F THE PUBLIC MUST SEEK 
PERMISSION TO ATTEND, BUT SUCH PERMISSION IS ROUTINELY 
GRANTED. ALTHOUGH TURKEY IS ?RSDOMINANTLy MUSLIM, ITS 
COURT SYSTEM AND JUDICIAL PROCEDURES ARE MODELED ON THE 




ITALIAN (CRIMINAL) AND SWISS (CIVIL) LAW CODES. AS IN 
—MANY. OTHER- CIVIL -LAW COUNTRIES, TRIALS.. JN_WHICH .LAYKAN.-, 
JURIES RENDER VERDICTS DO NOT FORM PART OF THE TURKISH 
JUDICIAL SYSTEM. 



THE CONSTITUTION DECLARES THA 
INDEPENDENT IN THE DISCHARGE 
FOR THEIR SECURE TENURE. IT 
FROM GIVING ORDERS OR RECOMME 
CONCERNING THE EXERCISE OF JU 
INDEPENDENCE OF THE JUDICIARY 
CONSTITUTIONAL COURT DECLAREE 
PROVISIONS OF THE 1985 POLICE 
WIDELY CONSIDERED TO BE OPPRE 
ACQUITTED MANY DEFENDANTS IN 
EXPRESSION. 



JUDGES SHALL BE 
IF THEIR DUTIES AND PROVIDES 
.5.I.S0 PROHIBITS AUTHORITIES 
JDATIONS TO JUDGES 
jrCIAL POWER. THE 
V;AS DEMONSTRATED WHEN THE 
l.NCOHSTITUTIONAL TWO 
{•OWERS ACT WHICH WERE 
3£rVE. COURTS HAVE ALSO 
JASES INVOLVING FREEDOM OF 



PUBLIC PROSECUTORS ARE ALSO I .JDSPENDENT; TO PURSUE A CASE 
IS THEIR DECISION ALONE. IT CS THEY WHO DETERMINE 



PAGE 10 



STATE 033260 



WHETHER TO PURSUE INVESTIGATI3?iS OF ASSERTIONS OF 
TORTUPE. THE SUPREME COUNCIL. Or JUDGES AND PUBLIC 
PROSECUTORS, APPOINTED BY THE PRESIDENT AND INCLUDING THE 
MINISIER OF JUSTICE, SELECTS JJDGES AND PROSECUTORS FOR 
THE HIGHER COURTS AMD OVERSEEN 'fHOSE OF THE LOWER COURTS. 

ALL DEFENDANTS ACCUSED OF TER.1CRISM OR OTHER OFFENSES 
AGAINST THE SECURITY OF THE S'ShC^, INCLUDING DRUG 
SMUGGLING, ARE TRIED IN ONE Of SIGKT STATE SECURITY 
COURTS. THE JUDGES IN THESE CCURTS OBSERVE THE SAME 
STANDARDS OF EVIDENCE AS JUDGES PRESIDING OVER REGULAR 
CIVILIAN COURTS. THREE JUDGES VR3SIDE OVER STATE 
SECURITY COURTS: A CIVILIAN JL'l-GE AS CHAIRMAN, ONE 
ADDITIONAL CIVILIAN JUDGE, AND ONE MILITARY JUDGE. 
CIVILIAN AND SECURITY COURTS GENERALLY CONDUCT TRIALS 
UNDER THE SAME RULES OF PROCEtUPE, BASED ON THE 
CONSTITUTION. AND EMERGENCY LAW REGULATIONS. 



A CONVICTION OR ACQUITTAL IN EITHER SYSTEM MAY BE 
APPEALED. IF AN APPEALS COURT OVERTURNS A LOWER COURT'S 
GUILTY VERDICT, THE CASE IS SEKT BACK TO THE LOWER COURT 
FOR RECONSIDERATION. IF THE LOWER COURT INSISTS ON ITS 
ORIGINAL VERDICT, THE CASE IS^^JEffifWED «» THC JkPPBViS . 

: : •; : •: : :•: :PA|E.ff(|- 



OF TELEGRAM 88STATE 033260 



rcUET FOR ft BINDING OPINION. IN SOKt* CltStiSr,' 5AK'];p!9UJiARi« . 
rfJiITAL CASES, APPEALS TO THE SUPREm|;^ bcJjRfr JDfl TCttHE*,'*, • 

rllGH COURT OF MILITARY APPEALS ARE MANDATOR" AND 
-.I'TOHATIC. IF A DEATH SENTENCE IS CONFIRMED BY AN 
?^.?PEALS COURT, IT MUST BE APPROVED BY THE COUNCIL OF 

:::.vis7£RS, then by parliament, and finally by the 

PRESIDENT. 




;.vaiLA3LE EVIDENCE SUGGESTS THAT KURDISH-SPEAKING 

:.- - ?EN3ANTS . STANDING..TRiaL.IlI..IHE..SOUTHEASI_OFTElI SUFFER 




PAGE 11 STATE 03325C 



r?.QM HAVING ONLY A PARTIAL, OR IN SOME CASES TOTAl , lACK 

FAMILIARITY WITH TURKISH, THE OFFICIAL AND OKLl 
LANGUAGE PERMITTED IN COMMUNICATION WITH ATTORNEYS OR 
-•JDICIAL OFFICIALS. ALTHOUGH TRANSLATORS ARE PERMVTTSD, 
THE QUALITY OF THE TRANSLATIONS FROM KURDISH INTO '..'^^XISH 
:s REPORTEDLY POOR. 



r.?TIKATES OF THE NUMBER OF POLITICAL PRISONERS HELD IN 
■-■-■RKISH JAILS VARY GREATLY, DEPENDING ON THE SOURCE ,\ND 
THE SOURCE'S DEFINITION OP POLITICAL PRISONER. THE 
SDVERNMENT DENIES THAT IT HOLDS ANY POLITICAL PRIEONjlKS 
BUT POINTS OUT THAT MANY PERSONS HAVE BEEN IMPRISCJEE FOR 
■"tSBCRIST ACTS OR FOR OTHER CRIMES COMMITTED IN TJ2 
BOURSE OF PURSUING OSTENSIBLY POLITICAL GOALS DURING THE 
1970' S. HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATIONS BELIEVE THAT XAKY 
"ZOPLE HAVE BEEN IMPRISONED UNDER STATUTES PROSCRlBIIlG 
• ;:HilBESSHIP IN ILLEGAL ORGANIZATIONS," PROHIBITING 
r:-OPAGANDA AIMED AT PROMOTING THE HEGEMONY OF ONE -'LASS 
ETHNIC GROUP, AND ADVOCATING THE ESTABLISHMENT OF AN 
TiLiiKIC STATE. THEY ESTIMATE THAT PERSONS CURRENTLY 
:?:?SISONED FOR NONVIBLENT ACTIVITY UNDER THESE STA'.'UTES 
^"JMBER SEVERAL HUNDRmi. 



7. ARBITRARY INTERFERENCE WITH PRIVACY, FAMILY, HOME, OR 
CORRESPONDENCE 

CONSTITUTION PROVIDES FOR THE INVIOLABILITY OF A 
rrsSOK'S DOMICILE AND THE PRIVACY OF CORRESPONDENCE AND 
:::HHUNlCATrOM. ENTRY BY GOVEEINMENT OFFICIALS INTO a. 
PKIVATS RESIDENCE AND INTERCEPTION OR MONITORING OF 
??vIVATE CORRESPONDENCE ARE PERMITTED ONLY UPON ISSTIPNCS 
OF A JUDICIAL WARRANT. 



THE NINE PROVINCES STILL UNDER STATE-OF-EMERGENCl" LAW, 
I.'ffiVER, THE GOVERNOR (OR SUPERGOVERHOR) MAY EMPOWEl? 
JTHORITIES TO SEARCH RESIDENCES OR THE PREMISES OF 




12 



STATE 033260 



pA&E.af(S.: 



TEXT OF- TELEGRAM 88STATE 033260 



PCLITICAL PARTIES, BUSINESSES, ASSOCIATIONS, AND OTHER 
0F3aNIZATI0NS WITHOUT OBTAINING A WA3I!iUpt,**rHEY MAY tH^Sf) 
SEARCH, HOLD, OR SEIZE WITHOUT WaRElA|T! IKRS0N5, ItfUiTis^r, 
TELEGRAMS, AND DOCUMENTS. " * • . „ 

G. VIOLATIONS OF HUMANITARIAN LAW IN ARMED CONFLICTS 

SINCE AUGUST 1984, THE GOVERNMENT HAS FACED IN 
SCUTHEASTERN TURKEY AN INCREASINGLY BLOODY CAMPAIGN OF 
VIOLENCE CARRIEP OUT BY KURDISH GUERRILLA GROUPS RESIDENT 



BOTH IN TURKEY AND SEVERAL NEARBY COUNTRIES, WHOSE 
PF.UFESSED AIM IS TO ESTABLISH AN INDEPENDENT KURDISH 
STATE — INCORPORATING PARTS CF PRESENT-DAY TURKEY, IRAQ, 
AND IRAN— BY DESTABILIZING THE CENTRAL TURKISH 
GC'<'ERNHENT. ARMED KURDISH PJBBELS IN TURKEY RECEIVE 
SUBSTANTIAL OUTSIDE SUPPORT AND MATERIEL. 

GUERRILLA ATTACKS APPEAR TO HAVE INCREASED IN BOTH NUMBER 
AKD GEOGRAPHIC EXTENT IN 1337. RECENT CHANGES IN 
GU3RRILLA TACTICS INCLUDE THE FORMATION OF LARGER BANDS 
FC:-i ARMED ATTACKS, STRIKES AT THE ECONOMIC AND 
TF..-:NSPORTATI0N INFRASTRUCTURE OF THE REGION, AND BRUTAL, 
TE=?RORIST-STYLE MASSACRES OF VILLAGERS, MANY OF THE 
VICTIMS BEING WOMEN AND CHILDREN. 

TK'; ATTACKS BY SUPPORTERS 0? THE MARXIST-ORIENTED KURDISH 
WORKERS' PARTY (PKK) , THE MAIN INSURGENT GROUP, ON 

GC'.'"ERNMENT AND CIVILIAN TARGETS HAS RESULTED IN AT LEAST 
5C:- CIVILIAN AND MILITARY DEATHS. A TURKISH PAPER IN 
JULY REPORTED THE 3-YEAR DEATH TOLL AT 715, OF WHICH 289 
WERE CIVILIANS, MOSTLY WOMEN AND CHILDREN, 159 MILITARY 
PERSONNEL, AND 267 GUERRILLAS. THERE HAVE BEEN 




PAGE 13 STATE 033"£0 

ADDITIONAL KILLINGS, PARTICULARLY OF CIVILIANS, SINCE 
THEN. DESPITE MAJOR MILITARY OPERATIONS AGAINST THE 
PK:', guerrilla activities continue IN MANY REMOTE AND 
RELATIVELY INACCESSIBLE PARTS OF THE SOUTHEAST. 

TU.^KISH MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT, INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS 
GSCUPS, AND THE TURKISH PRESS HAVE RAISED QUESTIONS 
CONCERNING ACTIVITIES BY SECURITY FORCES IN SOUTHEASTERN 

TURKEY. REPORTEDLY, FAMILY MEMBERS OF SUSPECTED 
TEI^RORISTS HAVE BEEN ABUStU OR TORTURED TO OBTAIN 
It'FORMATION ABOUT THE TERRORISTS' WHEREABOUTS. IN SOME 
C;>.3ES, THE POPULATIONS OF ENTIRE VILLAGES HAVE BEEN 
QUESTIONED OR EVEN DETAINED. IN OTHER CASES, VILLAGERS 
SUSPECTED OF PROVIDING FOOD TC TERRORISTS HAVE BEEN 
CHARGED WITH AIDING THE SEPARATISTS. 

SECTION 2 RESPECT FOR CIVIL LIBERTIES, INCLUDING: 

*. *. :.: ; pape;:n5.: 9 



:..=.. ..JlilSSiFlEO 

• •« 




OF TELBGHAM 88STATE 033260 



fl. FKEEDOM OF SPEECH AND PRESS ;\ 

POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS AND COURT RULINGS**3AVb •fi^K^VEIf 
KOST RESTRAINTS ON FREEDOM OF THE PRESS. THE C--JMINAL 
CODE, HOWEVER, PROHIBITS SPEECH OR WRITINGS COfTIJDERED 
THREATENING TO STATE SECURITY AND THE DEMOCRATI-: tTSTEM 
OF GOVERNMENT. THE PROSCRIPTION APPLIES TO ADV iCAC? OF 
CLASS OR RACIAL DOMINATION (E.G., COMMUNISM OR .fSCISM), 
THE ESTABLISHMENT OP A THEOCRATIC STATE (E.G., .3LAMIC 



FUNDAMENTALISM) , OR THE CREATION OF A SEPARATE 'T^TE OH 
ETHNIC LINES (E.G., KURDISH SEPARATISM). THESE 
PaOVISIONS ARE LONGSTANDING, DATING FROM THE Ef.i: ' V DAYS 
OF - THE TURKISH REPUBLIC. 



iCLHSSIflE 



rjE TURKISH PRESS IS ROBUST AND VIGOROUS. IT : 
FSIVATELY OWNED AMD REFLECTS A WIDE RANGE OF POL TICAL 
VIMS. THERE IS NO "GOVERNMENT" PAPER; TO A GR£ ::ER OR 




PAGE 14 



STATE 033260 



LZS3ER EXTENT, ALL NEWSPAPERS PRESENT OPPOSITIC- .lEWS. 
FURTHERMORE, THE RECENT TREND IN JUDICIAL RULIN" 
AFFECTING FREEDOM OF THE PRESS HAS BEEN CONSIST"; :LY IN 
FAVOR OF MORE FREEDOM DESPITE STILL EXISTING ST.-". JTORY 

RESTRICTIONS. NEVERTHELESS, THE POSSIBILITY OF 
PROSECUTION PROBABLy INDUCES SOME CAUTION BY THF. FRESS IN 
ITS SELECTION OF SUBJECT MATTER FOR REPORTING. 

TURKISH RADIO AND TELEVISION (TRT) IS A GOVERNJ*-. -T- 
MONOPOLY. OPPOSITION LEADERS COMPLAIN THAT IT : BIASED 
TOWARD THE GOVEHNSENT IN ITS COVERAGE, ALTHOUSi -LL 
P.^RTIES WERE PERMITTED TO PRESENT THEIR VIEWS D. -ING THE 
NOVEMBER ELECTION CAMPAIGN. WORKS OF CERTAIN LIl '1 1ST AMD 
KURDISH PERFORMERS AND jpiITERS ARE RELIABLY BEP-. T'ED TO 
35 BANNED FROM BEIOADCAST ON TRT FOR POLITICAL Or. 'CULTURAL 
REASONS . 



B. FREEDOM OF PEACEFUL ASSEMBLY AND ASSOCIATICK 

PEACEFUL ASSEMBLIES ARE PERMITTED WITH PRIOR PEF;' ..SSION 
FROM THE AUTHORITIES. SUCH REQUESTS ARE GSKERAi.; 
oRAKTED. ACCORDING TO CURRENT REGULATIONS, MARC.iIXG 
RCUTES, RALLY AREAS, CROWD DISPERSION ROUTES, A;;- POSTER 
HANGING LOCATIONS ARE TO BE FIXED FOR EACH CITY T'v'RRY 
JANUARY. THE GOVERNMENT ALLOWED POLITICAL RALLIKS DURING 
THE REFERENDUM CAMPAIGN AND DID NOT INTERFERE WI-'H THE 
POLITICAL CAMPAIGNING FOR THE NOVEMBER PARLIAMEN:AKY 
ELECTIONS. 

THE LAW ON ASSOCIATIONS, WHICH REFLECTED G0VEHNM7KT 
CONCERN OVER THE INVOLVEMENT OF SOME ASSOCIATIONf! IN THE 
POLITICAL VIOLENCE PHECET5ING lUJE.jiltlTJ^^ IN.TERVV:NT ION ^OF 

t i .11 .* r •** • i **I PAf^'Nf' 




10 



TZrr OF TELEGRMI SeSTME 033260 



3ITS A SSOCIATIONS FROM HA^lJICjrPIEfi «T0 



15 



STATE 033260 



-ITICAL PARTIES OR ENGAGING IN POLITICAL ACTIVITY. 
■.OCI&TION ACTIVITY IS CLOSELY MONITORED BY THE 
•v'ERNMENT. ASSOCIATIONS. MUST SUBMIT THEIR CHARTERS FOR 

E APPROVAL OF GOVERNMENT AUTHORITIES, BEFORE _ THEY- ARE 

.LOWED TO FORM. TURKEY'S HUMAN RIGHTS ASSOCIATION, 
"tMED IN JULY 1985, DID HOT RECEIVE PERMISSION TO 
IRATE AS A LEGAL ASSOCIATION UNTIL 1 YEAR LATER, 
-THOUGH IT WAS ABLE TO HOLD MEETINGS AND SEMINARS IN THE 



:kterim. 

a reaction to the universities' involvement ik 
. " 2-1980 violence, the constitution and the political 
: .-.rties law proscribe student and faculty involvement in 
■ tlitical activities. political parties are forbidden to 
.•0?.k youth branches. students must obtain their 
■■::iversity rector's pe31?iss10n before joining an 
.-...-sociation. after student protests, the government 
-thdrew in april a proposed amendment 

the higher education act which would have limited 
. . -jdent associations to one per university campus. 
:;;. :ertheless, 143 studekts who protested the draft law 

■.:K:!T ON TRIAL FOR UNLAWFUL ASSEMBLY. THIS TRIAL IS STILL 

c-ozhg on. of approximately 100 faculty members dismissed 
dsr martial law regulations— as many as 1,000 resigned 
■:: their own will either out of disagreement with the 
:::litary intervention cr for other, mainly economic, 
•.^sons--a number have petitioned for reinstatement, and 
1s$st one professor has been reinstated following a 

;<:^:l:sf DECISION IN HIS FAVOR. 

::nKBERSHIP IN, OR ACTIVITIES RELATED TO, AN ORGANIZATION 
OCATING THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT 
'.ED ON CLASS (E.G., COMMUNIST ORGANIZATION) ARE ILLEGAL 
: j3R TURKISH LAW, AUTHORITIES DETAINED FOUR PERSONS IN 
: -OBER AND ARRMGNED THEM ON CHARGES OF BEING ACTIVE 




:-E 16 STATE 033250 



•!BERS OF THE ElEVOLUTICSARY PEOPLE'S UNION, WHICH IS 
-IMED TO BE SUCH AH ORGANIZATION. 

-.DE UNIONS AND CONFEDERATIONS WHICH CONTINUED TO 
3RATE UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF THE 1983 LABOR LAW HAVE 
:N ALLOWED TO ORGANIZE WORKPLACES FREELY AND TO ENGAGE 
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING. ALTHOUGH ONLY A SMALL 
^CESTAGE OF TURKEY'S 'i-OTAL VJORJ^^RC^ (JF S.OMS 1^ 

? : .: : ; :.: iPAgEijj?:: n 



TEXT OP TELEGRAK SSSTATE 033260 



MILLION IS ORGANIZED, OVER 60 PERCENlT'OFrmjB'JfjrRI^tlZKO ., 
WORKERS 2\RE UNION MEMBERS COVERED BY •9ftli^SlJT^:\£; *•,*•, 
BARGAINING AGREEMENTS. AS A RESULT, UNIO*NS*HfVfi % 
SIGNIFICANT IMPACT ON THE ECONOMY, ESPECIALLY OH ITS WORK 
RULES AND WAGE STRUCTURE. THE 1983 COLLECTI /£: 
BARGAINING, STRIKE, AND LOCK-OUT LAW STHICTL? ESGULATES 
THE BARGAINING PROCESS AND MAKES STRIKES 0UT:3]ES THE 
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING PROCESS (GENERAL STRIKES, POLITICAL 
STRIKES, AND SOLIDARITY STRIKES) ILLEGAL. U^^ONS ARE 

ABLE^TO _HEEEIESEHT JEHEIR JIEHBEHS ,_EHGAGE-. IM.. OaLLBCIIVE 

BARSAIMING, AND RESPOND TO THEIR MEMBERS' INTERESTS. 




UNDER MARTIAL LAW, THE ACTIVITIES OF TRADE UjUOSS AND 
CONFEDERATIONS WERE SEVERELY RESTRICTED. NOTWITHSTANDING 

THE LIFTING OF MARTIAL LAW, POLITICAL ACTIVITY BY TRADE 
UNIONS IS BANNED BY THE CONSTITUTION, THE LAU CN 
ASSOCIATIONS, AND THE TRADE UNION LAW. UNIONS CAN 
THEORETICALLY NEITHER ENDORSE CANDIDATES AND PARTIES NOR 
MAKE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THEIR CAMPAIGNS. NEVER PHELESS , THE 
TURKISH CONFEDERATION OF LABOR, TURK-IS, QPENL r 
CAMPAIGNED AGAINST THE RULING MOTHERLAND PARTY BOTH IN 
THE 1986 BYELECTIONS AND THE 1987 PARLIAMENTAI.Y 
ELECTIONS. TRADE UNION ACTIVITY IN DEFENSE OT WORKERS' 
SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC INTERESTS IS NOT REGARDEI AS 



PAGE 17 



STATE 033260 



POLITICAL ACTIVITY. THE UNIONS HAVE TAKEN AI VANTAGE OF 

THAT DISTINCTION TO MOUNT STRENUOUS PUBLIC CIHPAIGNS 

AGAINST VARIOUS GOVERHHENT POLICIES AND TO LCB3\' 

GOVERNMENT AND OPPOSITION PARLIAMENTARIANS IM in/PPORT OF 
LABOR POSITIONS. 



THESE CAMPAIGNS INCLUDED CONTINUING EFFORTS tO PERSUADE 
THE PARLIAMENT TO BRING THE LAWS BESTRICTIKG il.ilOM 
ACTIVITY INTO HARMONY WITH RELEVANT INTERNATIONAL LABOR 
ORGANIZATION (ILO) CONVENTIONS. A MARCH 24 "rfAf.CH ON 
PARLIAMENT" WAS PREVENTED BY THE POLICE, WHO Cii?J{GED THAT 
TURK-IS HAD NOT APPLIED FOR A PARADE PERMIT. 



A DECEMBER 1986 COURT DECISION ORDERED THE PE^WANENT 
CLOSING OF DISk'-^CCONFEDERATION OF REVOLUTIONAin' TRADE 
UNIONS) , WHOSE ACTIVITIES WERE SUSPENDED UNDER MARTIAL 
LAW FOLLOWING THE 1980 MILITARY TAKEOVER. THE TRIAL IS 
IN THE APPEALS STAGE. THE ORGANIZATION AND ITS FUNDS 
REMAIN UNDER THE CONTROL OF COURT-APPOINTED TRUSTEES. 
THREE FORMER LEADERS OF DISK WERE ELECTED TO P7>RLIAMENT 
IN NOVEMBER. THE PEACE ASSOCIATION TRIALS ARE \LSO AT 
THE APPEALS STAGE, AND ALL DEFENDANTS ABE FREf. ON BAIL. 



TURKISH GOVERNMENT, UNION, AND EMPLOYER REPRESENTATIVES 
PARTICIPATE FULLY IN THE ACTIVJTASS. OF .TgE , JHp, 



12 



rr.il OF TELEGRAM SSSTATE 033260 



?GEST CONFEDERATXON , TURK-IS, IS Afi'AaPIt'Tft'fE qp^TJiS^*. * 

:erkational confederation of free yfa^l^JjNiiSNS ;fjcFn;uti ; 

. .3? TURK-IS HEMBER UNIONS ARE AFFILIATED* WITH* tlfEfR'* * 
RESPECTIVE INTERNATIONAL TRADE SECRETARIATS. THE 
^"VERKMENT OF TURKEY WAS ELECTED A DEPUTY MEMBER OF THE 
:. : GOVERNING BODY i»I 1987. 

: AMERICAN FEDER<^TION OF LABOR AND CONGRESS OF 

■ rUSTRIAL ORGANIZATIGHS (AFL-CIO) HAS ALLEGED THAT THE 

■ f^KISH.-WORKERS ' CONgTIIUTIONAL--HIGBT._TO...ORGaNIZE_IS 

KPERED BY THE LABOR CODE AND BY GOVERNMENT AND EMPLOYER 




:. 3E 18 STATE 033260 

LICIES AMD PRACTICES, THAT THE RIGHT TO STRIKE IS 
-WILY ENCUMBERED, AND THAT OBSERVANCE OF MINIMAL SAFETY 
- :3 HEALTH STANDARDS IS LAX. THE MINISTER OF LABOR HAS 

^ ■■-'OUNCED THAT THE GOVERNMENT IS PREPARING LEGISLATION 
■ ..;CH WILL ADDRESS SOME OF THE WORKER RIGHTS ISSUES 
;,;.-SED BY THE AFL-CIO AND OTHERS. THE NEW LEGISLATION 
: "PORTEDLY WILL MODIFY OR ELIMINATE SOME RESTRICTIONS 

_.^CED ON TRADE UNIONS, EXCESSIVE GOVERNMENT OVERSIGHT OF 
IONS, AND REGULATIONS AFFECTING THEIR FREE CHOICE OF 

TICERS. NEW LEGISLATION WOULD ALSO ADDRESS THE RIGHT 
. F CIVIL SERVANTS AND TEACHERS TO ORGANIZE, AS WELL AS 
. rii STRICT REQUIREMENTS A UNION CURRENTLY MUST SATISFY IN 
-r.VER TO BECOME A BAIJGAINING AGENT. 

C, FREEDOM OF RELIGION 

THE OVERWHELMING MAJORITY OF TURKS ARE SUNNI MUSLIMS. 

• .l^EVIS," ADHEREnIs of DIFFERENT HETERODOX VARIETIES OF 

3;;:' ism, constitute from 10 to 15 percent of the 
population. there are also various small christian 
"ligious groups, amd a small jewish community. 

7. ikish governments since the founding of the republic 
regarded secularism as an essential attribute of a 
!:?3ern, western-style democratic system, and the 
::. .3tituti0n proclaims it to be a basic characteristic of 
" : state. accordingly it distinguishes carefully 

• :TWEEN a PERSON'S PRIVATE RIGHT TO "FREEDOM OF 
CC;:SCIENCE, religious BELIEF, AND CONVICTION" AND PUBLIC 

7 "SELYTIZING OF ANY KIND. SINCE OTTOMAN TIMES, PERSONAL 
: ENTITY IN TURKISH SOCIETY HAS CORRELATED WITH 




ACCORDING TO RELIGION, AND PE^SOJUiL. ID^TIi;;; ^T^Wk rf .. 

: : : .::*.*. :.: : pae^:n94 13 

• • •* • m i • • • ■ 




TEXT OP TELEGRAM 88STATE 033260 



s : ».',.• ; J 



LARGELY SYNONYMOUS WITH RELIGJpU^,f I^NTITY^SVEN I N ,THE^ ^ 
MODERN SECULAR TURKISH STATE.: PSC^LYriZaTfOJi'l^* J JI' ! i 
THEREFORE POLITICALLY SENSITlW. I.**.. i I it '. 

UNDER THE CONSTITUTION, "INSTRUCTION IN FEI.IGIOUS CULTURE 
AND HOSAL EDUCATION" IN ACCORDANCE WITH I 3TATE-PREPAE1ED 
CURRICULUM IS COMPULSORY FOR ALL STUDENTS. THE EDUCATION 
MINISTRY CONFIRMED IN 1986 THAT N0N-MUSLIM:3 WOULD HAVE TO 
ATTEND CLASSES IN GENERAL RELIGIOUS IHSTr.umON BUT WOULD 

BE- EXCUSED-FHOM .IHE_J!PEACTICAL? SECTIONS , WHICH-INCLUDE 

MEMORIZATION OF KOEIANIC VERSES AND INSTRUCTIONS IN 
PRAYER. THE C0URSES~2 HOURS PER WEEK— AT E TAUGHT , BY LAY 
TEACHERS. EXTRACURRICULAR KORAN COURSES ;;SING 
GOVERNMENT-APPROVED TEXTS ARE PERMITTED. THE GOVERNMENT 
HAS CLOSED KORAN COURSES RUN BY FUNDAMENTALIST SECTS 
TEACHING A MORE RADICAL BRAND OF ISLAM. 

AMONG OTHER RELIGIOUS GROUPS, SMALL NUMBEI.S OF ARMENIAN 
ORTHODOX AND ARMENIAN CATHOLIC, GREEK ORT.MODOX AND GREEK 

CATHOLIC, BULGARIAN ORTHODOX, ROMAN CATHOl.IO , SYRIAN AND 
ASSYRIAN CHRISTIAN, CHALDEAN UNIATES, PROT.'E ^TANTS , AND 
JEWISH BELIEVERS ARE FOUND IN TURKEY, PRIMA.^ILY IN 
ISTANBUL. IN ADDITION TO THE TURKISH CON£:TTTUTION, THE 
TREATY OF LAUSANNE GUARANTEES THE RIGHTS C'F THE 
NON-MUSLIM MCNORITIES. THESE GROUPS OPER^-TE CHURCHES, 
MONASTERIES, SYNAGOGUES, SCHOOLS (WHERE SrUDENTS MAY BE 
TAUGHT IN THEIR OWN LANGUAGE) , AND CHASIT;.3LE RELIGIOUS 
FOUNDATIONS SUCH AS HOSPITALS AND ORPHANAC^ES . 

NON-MUSLIM MINORITY GROUPS HAVE REPEATEDLV irOMPLAINED 
ABOUT GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND PROCEDURES C ONCERNING THE 
OPERATION OF COMMUNITY SCHOOLS, THE FORKATI D'l OF PARISH 
COUNCILS, AND THE REGISTRATION AND REPAIR DF CHURCH 
PROPERTY. GOVERNMENT RESTRICTIONS OH THE T.IANSFER OF 




PAGE 20 STATE 033260 

PROPERTY TO RELIGIOUS CHARITABLE ORGANIZATIONS IS ALSO A 
MATTER OF CONTENTION. 

THE GOVERNMENT HAS RECENTLY TAKEN STEPS TC RESOLVE 
SEVERAL ISSUES OF CONCERN TO NON-MUSLIM GROUPS. IT 
GRANTED PERMISSION TO THE GREEK ORTHODOX F.^TRIARCHATE IN 
APRIL 1987 TO REBUILD ITS ADM IN I STRATI OH BVILDING, 
DESTHOIED BY FIRE IN 1941. IT INCREASED THE VALUE OF 
REPAIRS WHICH CAN BE HADE WITHOUT PRIOR AUTHORIZATION TO 
HISTORICAL BUILDINGS, THEREBY REMOVING ANOTHER ISSUE OF 
CONTENTION. IT PERMITTED THE FREE CIRCULATION OF 
BIBLES. HOWEVER, IT HAS NOT YET GRANTED PERMISSION TO 
BUILD CHURCHES TO SUCH COMMUNITIES AS THE CHALDEAN 
UNIATES WHO HAVE EMIGRATED TO ISTANBUL FROH THE 

SOUTHEAST, OR TO THE ARMENIAN COMMUMITY OF ANKARA. , 



mmm 



■■ZZT OF 'HSLSXSRAll 88SIFATE 033260 



; . FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT WITHIm: aSE:C0tiNTI54: POREIGai 
':?j::VEL, EHIGRATIOll, AND REPAistSliSfr "» • t .•*.»* I 



WW m • « . m m Z Z • • • 

' ' " : r : :,. :.• 

..:::.:..illSSKIl 



~::i3iE IS GENERAL FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT WITHIN TURKEY. 

: ..^KS GENERALLY AP^ FREE TO TRAVEL ABROAD, AND INCREASING 

::';3ERs have done so since the relaxation of currency 
:: .'rmioLs- according to the constitution, a citizen's 

r 3SD01I TO LEAVE MAY BE RESTRICTED ON ACCOUNT OF THE 

;• .'lOHaL-BCONOHIC- SITUATION, _CIVIC-CBLIGATI0NS.4gEMEBALLY. 

liITAHY SERVICE) , OR CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION OR 
r -SSECBTION. SOME TURKS INVOLVED IN LENGTHY MASS TRIALS 
D,i;:riNG FROM THE EARLY 1980 'S HAVE BEEN DENIED PASSPORTS, 
; ..lUOUGH OTHERS HAVE BEEN GRANTED PASSPORTS, AND THERE IS 
I IDENCE THAT SCM2 CITIZENS NOT UNDER INDICTMENT WERE 

i::s:iED passports for political reasons. Turkish law 

r.-.DVIDES THAT THOSE DENIED PASSPORTS WHILE UNDER 




EELESS be PERMITTED TO TRAVEL IF THE 



P.-.-33 21 STATE 033260 



r;3TICB MINISTRY ?.ND OFFICE OF THE PRIME MINISTER 



..."PROVE. RESTRICTIONS HAVE BEEN EASED AS A MATTER OF 
?.~;-.CTICE, AND THE GOVERNMENT IS CURRENTLY CONSIDERING 
LZ.-3ISLATIVE CHA!IGES IN ORDER TO BRING TURKISH PASSPORT 
; ILICIES MORE INTO CONFORMITY WITH EUROPEAN NORMS. 

TUHKISH LAW GRANT? CITIZENS PROTECTION AGAINST 
: "£?ORTATION, EXTRADITION, OR DENIAL OF REENTRY. THE 
:-.;];STITUTION PROVIDES FOR THE RIGHT OF TURKS LIVING 
;.~POAD TO RETURN ROME. UNDER PROVISIONS OF THE TURKISH 
CmZENSHIP LAW, HOWEVER, THE GOVERNHENT KAY STRIP 
~:TIZENSHIP from those who have refused to RETURN HOME TO 
:.-.CE CRIMINAL CHAP.GES, OR WHO HAVE COMMITTED ACTS 
■r.JATHIATIMG THSK3ELVES, INCLUDING FAILING TO RETURN TO 
Fr.=FORK MILITARY SERVICE. ACCORDIMQ TO A TURKISH PRESS 
-• PORT IK APRIL, 13,788 TURKS LIVING ABROAD HAVE BEEN 
." P.IPPED OF THEIR CITIZENSHIP SINCE 1980. 



- .-iCEY HAS PERMANENTLY RESETTLED APPROXIMATELY 4,500 
kTTdkH REFUGEES OF TURKIC ETHNICITY IN RECENT YEARS AND 
■ -.OVIDES A TEMPORARY HAVEN FOR EAST EUROPEAN REFUGEES IN 
Z:0 TEMPORARY SETTLEMENT FACILITIES. SINCE TURKEY LIMITS 
7:-;E DEFINITION OF REFUGEES TO EAST EUROPEANS, THE 
G:VERNMEMT does not grant refugee STATUS TO IRANIANS. 
;.£VERTHELESS, AS A COUNTRY OF FIRST ASYLUM, TURKEY SERVES 
A SAFE HAVEN FOR MANY IRANIAN REFUGEES BEING PROCESSED 
" - -^ RESETTLEMENT BV THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER 
r:.?. REFUGEES (UNHCR). IT DOES NOT GENERALLY DEPORT TO 
:?.AN THOSE WHO ENTERED TURKEY ILLEGALLY OR WHO OVERSTAYED 
~HZIR PERMITTED TIME AS "TOURISTS." IN CONSEQUENCE, 
..^GE NUMBERS OF IRANIANS ARE NOW LIVING IN TURKEYj MANY , „, „ 

".\ : .y«G^ »o. :.:i5 : • • i 




TEXT OF TELEGfRAM SSSTATE 033260 



OF THEM IN ISTANBUL AND OTHER.^LAfp^: ,^ I^ISS,. 

•»•• « •♦•» 

• • . • • a a , 

SECTION 3 R3SPECT FOR POLbf iftftJ^PlfeTi :I Wffl&^lGftT (3f« 

CITIZENS 




PAGE 22 STATE 033260 

^ IQ_CHANGE _THE1R_(30VEHNHEKT 



THE RIGHT TO CHANGE THE GOVERNMENT EXISTS BOTH IN THEORY 
AND IN PRACTICE. TURKEY HAS A MULTIPART f, PRESIDENTIAL 
PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM. THE PRESIDENT 13 ELECTED BY 
PARLIAMENT FOR A SINGLE 7-YEAR TERM. IHS CURRENT 
PRESIDENT, WHOSE ELECTION WAS AUTOMATIC WITH THE APPROVAL 
OF TURKEY'S NEW CONSTITUTION IN THE 196? REFERENDUM, IS ■ 
RETIRED GENERAL KENAN EVREN, FORMER CKXKF OF THE TURKISH 
GENERAL STAFF AND HEAD OF THE NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL 
WHICH GOVERNED TURKEY DURING THE PEHIDE OF MILITARY RULE 
(1980-83). 



ELECTIONS FOR PUBLIC OFFICE ARE ON TH2 3.\SIS OF UNIVERSAL 
SUFFRAGE. THE UHICAHEB&L PARLIAHEMT HAS 430 SEATS 

ELECTED ON A PROPORTIONAL BASIS. THE ELECTION LAW 
REQUIRES THAT A PARTY WIN AT LEAST 10 PEI^CEST OF THE 
TOTAL NATIONAL VOTE IN ORDER TO OBTAIN £i:ATS IN 
PARLIAMENT. THE 10 PERCENT THRESHOLD 15 INTENDED TO 
PREVENT POLITICAL FRAGMENTATION AMD RtC'JSRENCE OF THE 
PARLIAMENTARY PARALYSIS OF THE LATE 197? "S. OF THE SEVEN 
LEGAL PARTIES WHICH FIELDED SLATES OF C- -.'D I DATES FOR THE 
NOVEMBER NATIO.N'AL ELECTIONS, THREE REt:E:/ED MORE THAN 10 
PERCENT OF THE TOTAL VOTE. 



PARTIES ADVOCATING A THEOCRATIC STATE, "'rS SUPERIORITY OR 
DICTATORSHIP OF A PARTICULAR SOCIAL aAi~ OR GROUP, OR 
"EXCLUSIVE" OH "ELITIST" POLITICAL PH-".; 30PHIES ARE 
PROHIBITED. NO PARTY MAY BE FORMED ARC . .' A PARTICULAR 
ETHNIC OR CULTUIIAL GROUP. AMONG THE = ;::-:IBITED POLITICAL 
GROUPINGS ARE COMMUNIST AND OTHER KT>S>r.:--: PARTIES, WHICH 
ARE BASED ON CLASS. AND FASCIST "ELITI-ST"- PARTIES- THESE 




PAGE 23 



STATE 033260 



ARE REGARDED AS INIMICAL TO A WESTERN-.3T"LE DEMOCRATIC 
SOCIETY AND THREATENING TO TURKEY'S FUND/ MENTAL 
INTEGRITY. FASCISTS AND COMMUNISTS SIMILARLY ARE BANNED 
FROM MEMBERSHIP IN OTHER PARTIES. MEHBSfS OF THE ARMED 
FORCES AND CERTAIN CATEGORIES OF CIVIL J iRVANTS MAY NOT 
JOIN ANY POLITICAL PARTY. 



THE CONSTITUTION PROVIDES FOR EQUAL POL:: 



ICAL^HIGHTS Fpl^ ^. 



.:i6 



. TXT O? 7ELEGRAH 88STATE 033260 




. N AND WOMEN. TURKEY WAS OJtg Of;.Tgg /IRSJ CQ;rjtSRIE;a.Tp 

C-.-;.yfT WOMEN FULL AND EQUAL PfSLl'Acih ^GKtlA. '.TrffiRl ajREt Z. I ! 
C-j;!EENTLY 11 FEMALE " KEMBEKS aP*F«(RLJA>»WTi OKe'cF SiAm !•* 
CABINET MIKISTER, AND SEVERAL WOKEN HOLD IMPORTANT 
■ ^ITIONS IN THE PARTY HIERARCHIES. MEMBERS OF 
;;ORITIES, MUSLIM AND NON-MUSLIM, FACE NO LEGAL 
_ . MITATIONS ON POLITICAL PARTICIPATION AS LONG AS THEY 
ii-CEPT TUKKISH NATIONAL IDENTITY. DESPITE OTHER 
-.rKITATIONS AND RESTRICTIONS ON KURDS AS AN ETHNIC GROUP, 

IUBKS_OF .KURDISH.. DESCENT. SEKyE-.OR..mVE SERVED..-IN_IHE 

?;.aLIAMENT, THE CABINET, AND SENIOR GOVERNMENT POSTS. 



SICTIOH 4 GOVERNMENTAL ATTITUDE REGARDING INTERNATIONAL 
.- 'D NONGOVERNMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF ALLEGED VIOLATIONS 
C? HUMAN RIGHTS 



i ZV:S GOVERNMENT PERMITTED VISITS TO TURKEY BY FOREIGNERS 
- DISCUSS HUKAN RIGHTS DURING 1987 AND, IN MOST CASES, 
FACILITATED CONTACTS FOR BOTH OFFICIAL AND NONOPFICIAL 
\ :3IT0RS. THE GOVERNMENT WAS LESS HELPFUL TO VISITORS 
: VESTIGRTIKG THE KURDISH ISSUE. SINCE THE 1983 
ITTLEMENT OF A FIVE-NATION COMPLAINT IN THE EUROPEAN 
"JMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION, TURKEY HAS UNDERTAKEN TO PROVIDE 
EGULAR CONFIDENTIAL REPORTS TO THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE AND 



;D PERMIT SITE VISITS. THE GOVERNMENT HAS NOT PERMITTED 
?.~.ISON VISITS BY THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE RED 
C.-OSS. TURKEY'S ACCESSION TO THE COE TORTURE CONVENTION 




. AGE 24 STATE 033260 



ivILL MEAN FUTURE VISITS BY THE COE INTERNATIONAL 
r-'KMITTEE. 



... NONGOVERNMENTAL HUMAN RIGHTS ASSOCIATION WAS 
7-S3VISIONALLY FORMED IN JULY 1986 AND HAD ITS CHARTER 
rrPICIALLY APFEOVED IN 1987. THE SOCIM. DEMOCRATIC 
F'PULIST PARTY, THE MAIN OPPOSITION PASH, ALSO HAS A 
:- i'tAN RIGHTS COMMITTEE AND HAS ACTIVELY PURSUED HUMAN 
?. GHTS ISSUES IN R^IAMENT. 

srrTION 5 DISCRIMINATION BASED ON RACE, SEX, RELIGION, 
1>.!IGUAGE, OR SOCIAL STATUS 



~I;3 CONSTITUTION REGARDS ALL TURKISH CITIZENS AS EQUAL 
k)-D PROHIBITS DISCRIMINATION ON ETHNIC GROUNDS. IN THE 
LiJSANNE TREATY, THE GOVERNMENT UNDERTOOK "TO ASSURE FULL 

COMPLETE PROTECTION OF LIFE AND LIBERTY TO ALL 
I-::-{ABITANTS OF TURKEY WITHOUT DISTINCTION AS TO BIRTH, 
;;.-.^IOHALITY, LANGUAGE, RACE, OR RELIGION." AT THE SAME 
T:^E, IT HAS BEEN THE LONGSTANDING POLICY OF TURKISH 
■rVERNMENTS TO SEEK ASSIMILATION OF PERSONS OF 

j;.-N-TDRKISH ETHNIC BACKGROUNDS INTO THE MAINSTR^.OF 

:*: .: : .tac&ite. :.;i7 *. • • • 



iCLissra 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 88STATE 033260 



SOCIETY. THE SIZE OF THE NOfl-MU^j:^Ig/!JINOI^ITY,C;qMMUHITIES^^, 
HAS DECLINED STEADILY OVER TSE:Y£P.ej. : l.l *, \' • W \ ",' Vl 



NON-MUSLIM MINORITY GROUPS CONTINUE TO COMPLAIN ABOUT THE 
RESTRICTIVE NATURE OF GOVERNMENT FOLICIES AND PROCEDURES 
REGULATING THE OPERATION OF COMMUtilTl SCHOOLS, THE 
PURCHASE AND SALE OF COMMTJMITy REAL SSTATE, THE 
ADMINISTRATION OF CHURCH PROPERTIFS, .4KD THE ACTIVITIES 
OF PARISH COUNCILS. THE PROHIBITION ON MOST CHARITABLE 

JJELIGIOUS ORGANIZATIONS-AGAIHST ACCEPriNG. BEQUESTS .ALSO 

CONTINUES TO BE A MAJOR CONCERN. 




PAGE 25 STATE 033260 



KURDS CAN BE FOUND THROUGHOUT TURKEY, BOTH AS A RESULT OF 
OTTOMAN SETTLEMENT POLICY AND MORE rJECENT MIGRATION TO 
METROPOLITAN CENTERS. THOSE LIVIN3 OVTSIDE OF THE 
SOUTHEASTERN PART OF THE COUNTRY HAVE BEEN ASSIMILATED 
MORE COMPLETELY INTO NATIONAL LIFE. KOST KURDISH 
SPEAKERS ARE CONCENTRATED IN THE ErONCMICALLY 
DISADVANTAGED SOUTHEAST, AND MANY 1.1 VE A TRIBAL 
EXISTENCE. THROUGH LARGE-SCALE ECOyo!<.IC DEVELOPMENT 
PROGRAMS, THE GOVERNMENT SEEKS TO INTEGRATE FULLY BOTH 
THE REGION AND ITS PEOPLE INTO HODj^FN TURKEY. 

THE GOVERNMENT REMAINS. STRONGLY OPPOSED TO ANY ASSERTION 

OF A KURDISH E.THNIC IDENTITY WHICH CCULD BRING INTO 
QUESTION THE UNITY OF THE TURKISH j;T?i'CE. PUBLICATION OF 
BOOKS, NEWSPAPERS, AND ANY OTHER MAT3:.?IALS IN KURDISH IS 
FORBIDDEN, AS ARE BOOKS OR ANY OTHKR "tATERIALS DEALING 
WITH KURDISH HISTORY, CULTURE, OR ETH^'IC IDENTITY. THE 
KURDISH LANGUAGE IS NOT PERMITTED FOR OFFICIAL PURPOSES, 
E.G., IN THE COURTS, NOR IS IT ALLCW.-L" IN CERTAIN PRIVATE 
SITUATIONS SUCH AS RECEIVING VISITOR;; IN PRISON, EVEN 
WHEN THE PRI.30NER OR VISITOR DOES NOT SPEAK TURKISH. 
HOWEVER, THERE IS NO RESTRICTION 0^ ::KE USE OP KURDISH IN 
NONOFPICIAL SETTINGS. 

AS NOTED ABOVE, THE RIGHT OF INDIGENOjS MINORITY GROUPS 
TO USE THEIR OWN LANGUAGES IS LIMIIE:: . ALTHOUGH THE 
LAUSANNE TREATY STATES THAT "NO HESTFl^TIONS SHALL BE 
IMPOSED ON THE FREE USE BY AN'.' TURK:S-! NATIONAL OF ANY 
LANGUAGE IN PRIVATE INTERCOURSE, IN COMMERCE, RELIGION, 
IN THE PRESS, OR IN PUBLICATIONS OF \s f KIND OR AT PUBLIC 
MEETINGS," THE CONSTITUTION STATES T7V.T THE OFFICIAL 
LANGUAGE OF THE COUNTRY IS TURKISH. ^.SE ARTICLE OF THE 
CONSTITUTION BANS DISCRIMINATION ON TIE BASIS OF 
LANGUAGE, WHILE OTHERS PROHIBIT THE PJ3LIC USE OF 




:t of ?bleqraii ssstate 033260 



rnGE 26 STATE 033260 • • ■ « •«# «• 

• • •••• , m 

• * *• • • • « • •« • • • 

"LANGUAGES PROHIBITED BY LAW."*' WWIEE rTHERF IS* WD • • * i»* 

LEGISLATION DEFINING PROHIBITED LANGUAGES, THE 
::■ jADCASTIMG AND publishing laws do define "LEGAL 

; . ..guages." persons have been tried on a variety of 
".harges kelating to the use of kurdish. all recent such 
:.";als have resulted in acquittals, the government has 
stated tiia7 the intent of its bans on publishing in 

"";DISH_(Aira ITS-niSCOURAGING OF LANGUAGES-SUCH- AS . 

^LDRGIAK AMD LAZ) IS TO FOSTER TURKISH AS THE LANGUAGE OF 
■.:.L CITIZENS FOR ALL USES. THIS IS PART OF AN EFFORT TO 

:; ruLCATE in all Turkish citizens a sense of identity 
■;;7H the tlsrkish state and nation as opposed to 
;r:H:NTiFicATioN WITH any particular group within the 

:-:.TI0N. IV practice, THE SEVERITY OF THE RESTRICTIONS ON 
"HE USE GF A MINORITY LANGUAGE APPEARS TO DEPEND ON THE 
:;:.-.CEIVEE THREAT THE GROUP IN QUESTION PRESENTS TO THE 
::.'TEGR1TS OF THE STATE. FOB EXAMPLE, THE GOVERMMEHT 
r-.ZES arms; KURDISH SEPARATISTS AND BELIEVES THE USE OF 
•."JKDISH F^TERS SEPARATISM. THE USE OF ARABIC, ABOUT 
'HIGH THESE ARE MO SUCH CONCERNS, IS NOT SIMILARLY 
■.ESTRICTED. 



THE G0VEF.3fKENT HAS LONG BEEN A LEADER IN PROMOTING AND 
PROTECTING WOMEN'S RIGHTS. WOMEN HAVE FULL SUFFRAGE AND 
ZDUCATIONAL. RIGHTS, HAVE ATTAINED HIGH OFFICE, AND ARE 
.-.ZPHESENTSD IN ALL PROFESSIONS AND INSTITUTIONS. WOMEN 

:-:.;.vE served or are currently employed in senior positions 



.kS UNIVERSITY RECTOR AMD DEAN, AMBASSADOR, POLITICAL 
;;.3TY PRESIDENT, AND ARMY COLONEL. TURKISH BUSINESSWOMEN 
-■•LAY SIGNIFICANT ROLES IN MANY INDUSTRIES AND SIT ON THE 
h::.-,RDS of SOME OF TURKEY'S LARGEST PRIVATE FIRMS. FEMALE 
L^-.WY5RS AND JUDGES ARE RELATIVELY MORE COMMON THAN- IN THE 




PAGE 27 STATE 033260 



.. ■ :ted st;.tss, and female doctors dominate in some 
s?£:cialties. 



!":i;ETHELErS, THE ROLE OF WOMEN IN SMALLER COMMUNITIES ANi- 
: ..RAL AREJ.S — ESPECIALLY IN THE EAST — IS STILL 
CIRCUMSCRIBED BY CENTURIES OF PATRIARCHAL TRADITION. 
; :riAL AND CULTURAL CONSTRAINTS IN THESE AREaH LIMIT 
i.'ZiMEN'S EQUAL ACCESS TO EDUCATIONAL AND PROFESSIONAL 
CFPORTUNiriES, THE CONSTITUTION AND BODY OF LAW 

irrwiTHSTJiNrjiNG. 

"I N'DITIONE OF LABOR 



MSSiFiED 



:::E CONSTITUTION PROVIDES FOR THE RIGHT TO REASONABLE 

CONDITIONS OF LABOR SUITED TO THE WORKER'S Jy5E„^BX, 



TEXT 0? TELEGRAM 88STATE 03326C 



CAPACITY, AND GRANTS THE RIGffiT IC. USSX ANjB LSlStfPS 4W .A.^^ „ 
FAIR WAGE. THE LABOR LAW FOjl^l|s jTHEjEMfeft^teSi'^Cft'i. j t j 

CHILDREN UNDER 13 YEARS OF ftSE ?M ^rESTRBCTS^CHILroEN ' 
UNDER 15 TO "LIGHT WORK WHICH WILL NOT HARM THEIR HEALTE 
AND PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT, PREVENT TEEIR ATTENDANCE AT 
OCCUPATIONAL TRAINING AND ORIENTATION PROGRAMS, OR THEIR 
ABILITY TO BENEFIT FROM EDUCATION." CHILDREN BETWEEN 15 
AND 18 XEAGS OF AGE HAY NOT BE EMPLOYED IN UNDERGROUND OR 
UNDERWATER WORK, NOH HAY THEY BE EMPLOYED AT MIGHT. 

QISLS..AND..WOMEN..MAY..J(OT-BE EHPLOYED. .IN ..UNDERGROUND. .OR 

UNDERWATER WORK, BUT, IF OVER THE AGE OF 18, MAY WORK 
NIGHT SHIFTS UNDER CONDITIONS SPECIFIED JOINTLY BY THE 
MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL WELFARE AND THE MINISTRY OF 
INDUSTRY AMD COMMERCE. 

A BOARD COMPOSED OF GOVERNMENT, PRIVATE SECTOR, AND LABOR 
REPRESENTATIVES ESTABLISHES NATIONAL MINIMUM WAGES FOR 
THE AGRICULTURAL AND NONAGRICULTTJRAL SECTORS. THE LABOR 
LAW PROVIDES FOR A 7 l/2-HOUR DAY AMD A 45-HOUR WORKWEEK. 

IN SPITE OF CONSTITUTIONAL GUARANTEES, SPECIFIC LEGAL 




PAGE 28 STATE 033260 

REQUIREMENTS, AND LABOR UNION ErFORTS, A CONSIDERABLE GAP 
REMAINS BETWEEN IDEALS AND REALITIES OF OCCUPATIONAL 
HEALTH AND SAFETY LEVELS. TRADU UNIONS HAVE REPEATEDLY 
COMPLAINED THAT EXISTING REGULATIONS GOVERNING HEALTH, 
SAFETY, AND WORKING CONDITIONS AliE NOT ADEQUATELY 
ENFORCED. OUTSIDE THE INDUSTRIALIZED SECTOR WHERE UNIONS 
EXERCISE CONSIDERABLE INFLUENCE, LEGAL RESTRICTIONS ARE 
GENERALLY IGNORED BOTH ON OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY 

AND ON CHILD AND FEMALE EMPLOYMENT. IN GENERAL. THE 
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN LEGAL PROHIBITIONS AGAINST CHILD LABOR 
AND ITS PRACTICE IS NARI^fewiNG, HUT IN THE AGRICULTURAL 
SECTOR TO A LARGE DEGREE, AND TO A LESSER EXTENT IN 
FAMILY-OPERATED COMMERCIAL ENTERPRISES, YOUNG CHILDREN 
STILL WORK AT THEIR PARENTS' SIDE. DURING 1987 AN 
ILLEGAL MARKET IN THE SERVICES OF CHILDREN IN A 
PROVINCIAL TOWN, IN WHICH CHILDREN FROM VILLAGES WERE 
LEASED TO WORK FOR NONRELATIVES DURING THE SCHOOL 
VACATION MONTHS, RECEIVED CONSIDERABLE NEWSPAPER COVERAGE 
AND WAS CLOSED IMMEDIATELY BY THE GOVERNMENT. 
SHULTZ 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM STflNKfiRaOlSOiS 



PAGE 01 
ACTION EUR-00 



• • • • 



• • • • • 
•••••• • 



imm 



ANKARA 15038 020542Z 



INFO LOG-00 
EB-00 
L-03 

SP-02._ 

P-02 



COPY-01 ADS-GO 
DODE-00 H-01 
TRSE-00 PM-10 

.^HE=£IJ C=01.. .. 

T-01 /048 V 



AID-00 INR-10 SS-00 CIAE-00 
MSC-01 NSCE-00 NSAE-00 HA-09 
PA-01 OMB-01 INRE-00 USIE-00 
_.EES=OJ DS=Ca DSE=QiD SCT.-=D2 



-204411 030746Z /lO 



R 0.11605Z DEC 87 
FM 'aMEMBASSY ANKARA 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 3837 
INFO AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMCONSUL ADANA 
AMCCNSUL ISTANBUL 
AHCOKSUL IZMIR 
AMEMBASSY NICOSIA 



i r A ;'t 



( ;■ 
I 1 



( ) EXvJ.bE 

( ) D£N r ;,N PASf 

( ) '^■S.l.i.TE Non-Reaponcive Ir.la 

FOIA cixomptions ^ 

PA Exemptions 



ANKARA 15C38 



(-(gu..e^i^/?/ 



I( ) CLASSIFY as ( ) S or ( 

( ) 00WNGHAD6 TS to ( ) S or 



TS authority to 



E.O. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: PHUM, PINS, PTER, TU 

SUBJECT: SUPER GOVERNOR COMMENTS ON KURDS AND SOUTHEAST 



1. NOFORH. 



2. SUMMARY: THE EMERGENCY RULE "SUPER GOVERNOR" 
RESPONSIBLE FOR COMBATTING KURDISH SEPARATISTS IN 
TURKEY'S TEH SOUTHEASTERN PROVINCES, HAYRI KOZAKCIOGLU, 
GAVE AN EXTENSIVE INTERVIEW TO THE "TURKISH DAILY NEWS" 
PUBLISHED DECEMBER 1. KOZAKCIOGLU TERMED THE 
SEPARATISTS TERRORISTS SUPPORTED BY THE EASTERN BLOC AND 
BY NEIGHBORS (I.E., SYRIA) FEARFUL THE SOUTHEAST 
ANATOLIA PROJECT (GAP) WILL REDUCE THEIR WATER 
SUPPLIES. WHILE HE DECLINED TO DISCUSS KURDISH CULTURAL 
AUTONOMY, AS OPPOSED TO AHMED EFFORTS BY KURDISH 
SEPARATISTS TO ESTABLISH AN INDEPENDENT KURDISH STATE, 




PAGE 02 ANKARA 15038 020542Z 



KOZAKCIOGLU NEVERTHELESS ACKNOWLEDGED THAT KURDISH IS 
BOTH A DISTINCT AND WIDELY SPOKEN LANGUAGE, EVEN AS HE 
SUGGESTED THAT IT IS PREMATURE TO TALK ABOUT CULTURAL 
AUTONOMY UNTIL GOT ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS HAD 
DONE HORE TO INTEGRATE THE REGION INTO MODERN TURKEY. 
END SUMMARY. 

3. HAYRI KOZAKCIOGLU, THE "SUPER GOVERNOR" RESPONSIBLE 
FOR COORDINATING GOT EFFORTS TO CQJJBJj; KURDJSH ^ ^ 

: : ,ti J *. *. j.Ipac^ nJ.*: • 5. 

• • #• •••• r W f m r 



wyssra 



L'lXT OF TELEGRAM 87ANKARA015038 



^ SEPiiRATISTS IN THE TEN BgUSHgAfi'^ERN.^ROMNaEC ^II^U^. .. 
■UNDER EMERGENCY RULE, (^trf^J ElSTENptVE' jVjEfvJjEWj 4> Tfe^ 
"TURKISH DAILY NEWS" PUBLl'sHEf)* d^'DtcJEftfeJS? 1* t/NDES 

2itls, "separatist threat lingers in east." saying that 

-■"jsdish separatists are ailed both by eastern blo:: 
■:-ountries and some, unnamed, neighboring states, 
:;o::akcioglu claimed their primary goal is to prevent 
;;coNOHic development of the southeast and the 
concomitant integration of the local inhabitants into a 

;!0D2PiLIIIHKEY .WHICH_SUCai_DEVELOElIENI.-IS_BOUNII.-TO E.*ieENDER. 

•r. KOZAKCIOGLU SAID EASTERN BLOC SUPPORT FOR SEPAPJ.TIST 
;:URDS IS AIMED PRIMARILY AT PREVENTING TURKEY FROM 
"ECOMING A STRONGER MEMBER OF EUROPE AND A MORE 
: MPORTANT BRIDGE BETWEEN EUROPE AND THE MIDDLE EA3T . AS 
■^CX3F OF EASTERN BLOC INVOLVEMENT, KOZAKCIOGLU NOTED 
THAT ALL THE WEAPONS SEIZED FROM THE TERRORISTS HA:D BEEN 
MANJFACTURED IN EASTERN BLOC COUNTRIES. AS FOR 
"NEIGHBORING COUNTRY" SUPPORT FOR KURDISH SEPARATISTS, 
i:-'2AKCI0GLU CITED THEIR FEAR THAT THE EXTENSIVE 
-.RRIGATION OF THE SOUTHEAST TO BE MADE POSSIBLE TKICUGH 
THE SOUTHEAST ANATOLIAN PROJECT (GAP) WOULD REDUCE r.'HEIR 
;-.-.TER SUPPLIES. (COMMENT: WE BELIEVE THE SUPER 
GOVEPKOK MEANT TO SINGLE OUT SYRIA HERE, ALTHOUGH GAP 



PAGE 03 ANKARA 15038 020542Z 

CCtlLD HAVE AN EVEN GREATER EFFECT ON IRAQ'S WATER 
SUPPLIES.) 




Z. SAYING SOUTHEASTERN TURKEY IS NO DIFFERENT THA:^ «NY 
CTHER UNDERDEVELOPED REGION OF TURKEY, AND INSISTI FG 

:^^:^T all Turkish citizens ?j?e equal under the law, 

; ZAICCIOGLU DENIED THAT KURDS INCURRED DISCRIMINATION 
1 -3ED ON THEIR LANGUAGE. IN A RARE OFFICIAL ADMISSION, 
v.OZAKCIOGLU CALLED IT "A FACT" THAT KURDISH IS WIDELY 
SPOKEN IN THE SOUTHEAST, BUT ADDED THAT TURKEY HAS MANY 
-:?F3EE»T LANGUAGES AND DIALECTS. WHILE HE AVOIDED THE 
OVESTION OF CULTURAL AUTONOMY, KOZAKCIOGLU ASSERTED THAT 

PEAKING KURDISH DOBf NOT TRANSLATE INTO KURDISH DISIHE 
r-iR A SEPARATE KURDISH STATE. THE ORDINARY VILLAGE 
:JAR3 the separatists, he said, but BASICALLY 
U;/DER£TANDS THAT THE GOVERNMENT AFFORDS MORE SECURITY 
P.!;D, ULTIMATELY, MORE PROSPERITY. 



•' . COMMENT: KOZAKCIOGLU 'S REMARKS ARE CONSISTENT WITH 
CrHER RECENT GOT STATEMENTS THAT THE KEY TO ASSIMIL*TING 
KURDS INTO TURKISH SOCIETY LIES IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, 
;^.i.D THAT TURKEY'S NEIGHBORS OPPOSE SUCH DEVELOPMENT 

riCAUSE IT WOULD LEAD TO A STRONGER WEST EUROPEAN ALLY 

.^.'.'D MIDDLE EAST PLAYER. OF PERHAPS MORE BEARING ON THE 

KUMAJt RIGHTS REPORT IS THE SUPER GOVERNOR'S ADMISSION 

::HAT KURDISH IS A SEPARATE AND WiaKLir..SP0KBN.LAHGW*9e iIN" ••• .*: 

«• •••• • r iZ^ 

• : •: : : *. *. ftPA^ no.*: ; 5 



iCLIiSSIFIED 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 87ANKARA0i5038 



TrlS SOUTHEAST. KOZAKCS*.5UJ'*li8S^HEp^S§««3»E. la^CLEAS 
THAT ANY DISCUSSION OF 5;Sl|5^fiAL jAUlWtlMt. ^^iSy JWaJ']!* j j 
CCaPLETION OF THE GOT'S AHB*ITioUS*EC(5Nflf[iy dIi^LOPMKNT" 
PROJECTS IN THE REGION- Sl-RAUSZ-HUPE 




wmm 



':-CP OF TELEGRAM 87A1(KAKA004337 



.-.^=309 



• • • • 

• •• • • 

• • • • 



01 ANKARA 04337 101127Z 

"TION EUR-00 



y 



;?0 LOG-OO COPY-01 ADS-00 IHR-iO SS-00 



CIAE-00 EB-08 



DODE-00 

PM-10 

PRS-01 



H-01 

PA-01 

DS-Ol 



NSCE-00 

OMB-01 

DSE-00 



NSAE-00 HA-09 L-03 
IKM-07 USIE-00 SP-02 
P-02 /0S8 W 
132761 1011562 /45 



101224Z APR 87 

: amembassy ankara 

- 'secstate wfshdc priority 8690 

:td amcdnsul adana 

•:30nsul istanbul 

lajHSOL IZMIR 



) 'J 



I ) 



( ) DliLiTE Non-Redponsivc iu 

ANKARA 043J^IA cuemotions 

PA Exemptions 



..O- 12356'. DSCL:OADR 
•-.:3S: PBUH, PINS, PREL, TU, US 
.:3JECTi HUKAN RIGHTS REPORT HAKES THE PRESS - 
TWO KONTHS LATE 



TRSE-OO 
SNP-01 



I i Cl..^SS;r'i' S3 ( ) S or ( 

( ) DOWNQPAOE TS to ( ) S of 



=H3's A) ANKARA 03777 B) ANKARA 04239 



1- <n) "cumkuriiet" foreign affairs reporter sedat 
i.-..31n publii,hed an article april 9 entitled, "warning 
::: otrds to u.s." the report's large-type captions 
rornssED on kfa "warnings" to the uss on the report, 

stated the report "criticizes turkey for 
.:-?pressing the development of a KURDISH identity." 

.■ ::~DRDING TC the report, the TURKISH GOVERNMENT 
":';-.CES Alt ARHE2 KURDISH INSURGENCY." 



(U) TEE LEAD PARAGRAPHS NOTED THAT THE GOT WAS 
JTSRIOUSLY DISTURBED BY THE REPORT'S USE OP THE 
:?RESSION, 'TURKISH GOVERNMENTS HAVE SUPPRESSED 
RDISH NATIONAL IDENTITY.'" (THE ACTUAL QUOTATION, 
1051 OF THE REPORT, IS, "THE GOVERNMENT REMAINS 




?:-.3E 02 ANKARA 04337 101127Z 



i:.^MANTLY OPPOSED TO ANY ASSERTION OF A KURDISH 
ri-INIC IDENTITY AND HAS TAKEN A NUMBER OF STEPS TO 
■. ?PRESS IT.") THE ARTICLE ALSO QUICKLY CLAIMED THAT 
-3 REPORT WAS "A DEVELOPMENT WHICH COULD LEAD TO 
rCONESS' 1.1 TURCO-AMERICAN RELATIONS." 



. (U) H0WEV3R, ONCE BEYOND THE FIRST PARAGRAPHS THE 
raiDENCY OF THE PRESS REPORT DROPPED OFF. THE 
■TICLE NOTEO THE USE OF THE TERM "KURD; 



IIJ yHE.19p^ 

.: : *. *. ;.:pa<3e ns-: : ti 



TEXT OF TELEGRAH 87airKARA004337 

REPORT, AND THAT THE GOO HAO VB% OBJf ::TBI) ^T.^Jig 

TIKE. ERGIN QUOTED TH^ ffsje •IM^RM^iirSy^tJFFlcaBR iS. •*: 
SAYING, "INSTRUCTIONS ^fiNT^VROR •THE* PilPJiOTMEiifl? Tot Ali I.' 

COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD REQUESTED A STJI^Y OF THE 
SITUATION OF ETHNIC MINORITIES. THE VIDER TREATMENT 
OF ETHNIC MINORITIES COVERS THE ENTIR3 TORLD, NOT 
JUST TURKEY." AFTER NOTING A "HIGH L2\'EL MFA 
OFFICIAL'S" STATEMENT THAT "WE HAVE F3B':V^AHDED OUR 
DISPLEASURE WITH THE REPORT TO THE U.o. THROUGH 
DIPLOMATIC CHANNELS" (REFTEL A), THE l^EEtDRT CONCLUDED 
WITH EXTENSIVE QUOTATIONS PROM SECTIOrl f OP THE 
REPORT (PP. 1050-1052) . THE WELL-TRAilSLATED 
QUOTATIONS, COMPRISING THE ENTIRE COR?i:£ OF MATERIAL 
ON THE KURDS IN SECTION 5, EMPHASIZE n.B ABSENCE OF 
SOCIAL OR ECONOMIC DISCRIMINATION AGAIl.CT KURDS, THE 
POVERTY OF THE SOUTHEAST, THE SUPPRESS] CI.' OF SEPARATE 
ETHNIC IDENTITY AND LANGUAGE, AND THE PROBLEMS FACED 
BY THE G0VERNM3NT IN DEALING WITH THE fEPARATIST 
INSURGENCY. 

4. (C) COMMENT: "CUMHURIYET" ftPPEA3£ TO HAVE TWO 
AIMS IN HIND IN ITS TREATMENT OF THE STORY. ONE IS 
TO PUT THE KURDISH ISSUE BACK IN THE i>U=LIC DOMAIN. 
AN ARTICLE IN "CUMHURIYET' S" APRIL 4 ;:53UE COVERED A 



PAGE 03 ANKARA 04337 101127Z 

1 

BRITISH REPORT OF A MEETING BETWEEN IRACI AND TURKISH 
KURDS, OSTENTATIOUSLY USING THE WORD 'KURD" ABOUT 
TURKISH CITIZENS. BY PUTTING THE WORD "KURD" IN 
AMERICAN MOUTHS AS WELL, THE PAPER MAS IBLE TO 
PUBLISH MORE ON THE KURDS WITHOUT INCUKRING THE GOT'S 
WRATH. AT THE SAME TIME, "CUMHURIYET' IS ENGAGED IN 
AN ANTI-AMERICAN CAMPAIGN IN SUPPORT OF THE SOCIAL 
DEMOCRATIC POPULIST PARTY (SHP) CRITIC 7 ".ING THE DECA 
(REF B) , AND IS DELIGHTED TO PUBLISH l.U . THING WHICH 
CAN GIVE THE IMPRESSION OF "COLDNESS" TSTWEEN THE 
U.S. AND THE OZRL GOVERNKEKT. THREE C-I.-ER FRONT PAGE 
STORIES IN THE SAME ISSUE FOCUSSED ON K :GATIVE 
ASPECTS OF THE TURCO-AMERICAN RELATI0^S4:IP. 
STHAUSZ-HUPE • 



mmm 



• ••• .•! 

•.I ••• • ••> . • • ••• 



Mmm 




TEXT OF TET^GRAM 87STATE 038985 



PAGE 01 
ORIGIN EUR-00 



STATE 038985 



R 102155Z FEB 87 
FM SECSTATE WASHDC 
TO -AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
INFO AMCOHSUL IZMIR 
AMCXINSUL ISTANBUL 
AMCONSUL ADANA 



::r::-:MlFIED 



Tt 



INFO LOG-00 C»DPY-01 ADS-00 H-01 

DRAFTED BY: EUR/SE: LUNCU 
APPROVED BY: EUR:MCLISSFELT 



HA-09 /Oil R 



220461 111548Z /48 41 

DEPARTMENT OF STATE ISjFP CfCDW ^ 



l£l3*t^SE 

( ) EXCISE 
, ) DENY IN ^ ■=■>'■' 
1 ) DELETE Non- Responsive Info 
FOIA txeiT-.ptions . — 



STATE Oasl'^S 



Ejtemptiuns _ 



TS authority to. 



I ) CLASSIFY as ( ) S or ( 

1 ) DOWNGRADE TS to ( ) S or 



E.O. 12356: OADR 
TAGS: PHUM, TU 

SUBJECT: 1986 HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT FOR TURKEY 



1. THE FOLLOWING IS THE FINAL VERSION OF THE HUMAN 
RIGHTS REPORT ON TURKEY FOR 1986 WHICH WAS DELIVERED TO 
CONGRESS ON JAN. 30. THE REPORT IS STILL CLASSIFIED 
CONFIDENTIAL AND EMBARGOED UNTIL ITS SCHEDULED RELEASE 
FEBRUARY 19. WE THANK POSTS FOR THEIR FINE CONTRIBUTIONS 
TO THE FINAL PRODUCT. 



2. TURKEY IS A REPUBLIC BASED ON A MULTIPARTY 
PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM AND A STRONG PRESIDENCY. ELECTIONS 
FOR PUBLIC OFFICE ARE BASED ON UNIVERSAL SUFFRAGE. 
TWELVE PARTIES COMPETED FREELY IN BYELECTIONS HELD ON 
SEPTEMBER 28, 1985, IN WHICH THE RULING MOTHERLAND PARTY 
WON 6 OF THE 11 SEATS CONTESTED. GENERAL ELECTIONS WITH 
FULL PARTICIPATION OF ALL RECOGNIZED POLITICAL PARTIES 
ARE SCHEDULED FOR NO LATER THAN NOVEMBER 1988. 




SH NATIONAL POLICE (TNP) ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR 



PAGE 02 



STATE 038985 



MAINTAINING PUBLIC ORDER IN THE COUNTRY, EXCEPT IN 
MARTIAL LAW AREAS. IN THOSE AREAS, MILITARY AUTHORITIES 
OVERSEE SECURITY THROUGH THE GENDARMERIE, WHICH ALSO 

FUNCTIONS AS THE POLICE IN RURAL AREAS. AT THE. END OF 
1986, 5 OF 67 PROVINCES, ALL IN THE SOUTHEAST WHERE 
GOVERNMENT FORCES HAVE FACED AN ARMED INSURGENCY BY 
KURDISH SEPARATIST SINCE AUGUST 1984, REMAINED UNDER 
MARTIAL LAW. IN ADDITION, EIGHT PROVINCES (ISTANBUL PLUS 

:*: '*: : ; •!'•" ? : vcc i 




TEXT OF TELEGRAM 87STATE 038985 



THE SOUTHEAST) RBMAm.UWDBR i^«§T^W?^»fflF: ••• 
IPOWERS THEIR GOvSrItcI^S'TO iEXEOTlS^; *. t I' 



SEVEN PROVINCES IN 
EMERGENCY, WHICH EMPOWERS 

SOME OF THE POWERS OF MARTIAL LAW COHMAWBERS .*' 



THE END OF MARTIAL LAW IN NOVEMBER 1985 IN ISTANBUL AND 
ANKARA REMOVED A MAJOR RESTRAINT ON FREEDOM OF THE PRESS, 
WHICH IS NOW FREE TO PUBLISH ALMOST ANYTHING. 

TURKEY IS MOVING FROM A CLOSED ECONOMY DOMINATED BY THE 
STATE SECTOR TO A FREE MARKET, EXPORT-ORIENTED ECONOMY. 
ALTHOUGH THE RATES OF INFLATION AND UNEMPLOYMENT ARE 
STILL HIGH, THE ECONOMY UNDER THE GOVERNMENT'S STRUCTURAL 
ADJUSTMENT PROGRAM HAS MADE SUBSTANTIAL ADVANCES. 

THE CONSTITUTION OF 1982 AND SUBSEQUENT LEGISLATION PLACE 
RESTRICTIONS ON THE FORMATION AND ACTIVITIES OF 
ASSOCIATIONS AND UNIONS, AND ON ORGANIC LINKS BETWEEN 
,,SUCH ORGANIZATIONS AND^POLITICAL PARTIES. THERE ARE NO 
RESTRICTIONS ON THE RIGHT OF TURKISH CITIZENS TO OWN 
PROPERTY. THE CONSTITUTION REGARDS ALL CITIZENS AS 
TURKS. EXCEPT FOR THE SPECIAL STATUS GRANTED TO 
NON-MUSLIM MINORITIES BY THE LAUSANNE TREATY (1923) , 
TURKEY DOES NOT LEGALLY RECOGNIZE THE SEPARATE 
DEVELOPMENT OF ETHNIC MINORITIES. 



PAGE 03 STATE 038985 



IN GENERAL, THE POSITIVE TREND IN THE OBSERVANCE OF HUMAN 
RIGHTS CONTINUED IN 1986. THE GOVERNMENT MADE 
CONSIDERABLE PROGRESS IN REDUCING HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES, 
ALTHOUGH SIGNIFICANT SHORTCOMINGS ARE STILL EVIDENT. 

THE JUDICIARY HAS CONTINUED TO DEMONSTRATE ITS 
INDEPENDENCE. WITH TWO MAJOR EXCEPTIONS, THE MASS TRIALS 
OF RECENT YEARS WERE CONCLUDED, MOSTLY WITH ACQUITTALS. 
SEVERAL TRIALS INITIATED IN 1986 AGAINST CRITICS OF THE 
STATE WERE EITHER DISMISSED OR ENDED IN ACQUITTALS. 

'HIGH GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS HAVE DENIED THAT TORTURE IS A 
'serious PROBLEM IN TURKEY. WITH THE RETURN OF DEMOCRATIC 
GOVERNMENT, HOWEVER, AND THE LIFTING OF RESTRICTIONS ON 
THE PRESS, ALLEGATIONS OF POLICE BRUTALITY HAVE BEEN 
INCREASINGLY PUBLICIZED, AND THE GOVERNMENT HAS TAKEN 
SWIFT ACTION TO PROSECUTE THE PERPETRATORS. IN ADDITION, 
MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT AND THE PRESS HAVE RAISED QUESTIONS 
CONCERNING REPRESSIVE ACTIVITIES BY SECURITY FORCES 



COMBATING THE ARMED KURDISH SEPARATIST INSURGENCY IN 
SOUTHEAST TURKEY. A NUMBER OF REPORTS, SOME OF THEM 
MEDICALLY DOCUMENTED, NOTED THE POLICE USE OF TORTURE, 
USUALLY DURING INITIAL PERIODS OF INCOMMUNICADO 
DETENTION. A DRAFT LAW AIHEa.Ar.JSI.IMUf4Tme,THf:ip,APU5Efl„ 



pftGiS id 




TEXT OF TELEGRAM 87STATE 038985 



BY REQUIRING THE PRESENCE OF A LAWY^ D^I»e , . ^••^•» J 
INTERROGATION WAS DEFEATED IN PARLUSMfiNfe {n 1^86 J-J t V 

t»* !••*•• ••• •••••• • • 

IN OCTOBER THE RECENTLY-APPOINTED MINISTER OF JUSTICE 
CONDEMNED TORTURE AS A CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY. PENALTIES 
FOR PRACTICIMG TORTURE REMAIN LOW, WITH DEATH BY TORTURE 
CONSIDERED INVOLUNTARY MANSLAUGHTER (TURKISH CRIMINAL 
CODE ARTICLE 243) . A BILL TO RAISE THE PENALTIES FOR 
TORTURE WAS DEFEATED IN PARLIAMENT IN 1986. HOWEVER, A 
REVISION OF THE TURKISH CRIMINAL CODE, WHICH DATES FROM 




STATE 038985 



THE FOUNDING OF THE REPUBLIC, IS CURRENTLY UNDER WAY. 



RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS 



SECTION 1 RESPECT FOR THE INTEGRITY OF THE PERSON, 

INCLUDING 

FREEDOM FROM: 



A. POLITICAL KILLING 
». 

THERE WERE NO ACCUSATIONS OF POLITICALLY MOTIVATED 
KILLINGS BY GOVERNMENT FORCES IN 1986. IN SEPTEMBER 21 
PERSONS DIED IN A TERRORIST ATTACK ON THE NEVE SHALOM 
SYNAGOGUE IN ISTANBUL. ARAB TERRORISTS ARE BELIEVED 
RESPONSIBLE FOR THE ATTACK. 



NUMEROUS CLASHES BETWEEN SEPARATIST KURDISH GUERRILLAS 
AND GOVERNMENT FORCES RESULTED IN THE DEATHS OF ABOUT 17 
TURKISH MILITARY AND SECURITY PERSONNEL AND AN UNKNOWN 
NUMBER OF GUERRILLAS AND CIVILIANS IN 1986. 

THE TURKISH GENERAL STAFF (TGS) DESCRIBES THE INSURGENTS 
AS PROPONENTS OF AN INDEPENDENT KURDISH STATE, WHICH 
WOULD INCORPORATE PARTS OF PRESENT-DAY TURKEY, IRAN, AND 
IRAQ. DRUG SMUGGLERS, ARMENIAN TERRORISTS, AND KURDISH 
GUERRILLAS OPERATING FROM BASES IN IRAQ, IRAN, AND SYRIA 
ARE ALL INVOLVED IN THE INCIDENTS, ACCORDING TO THE TGS. 



B . DISAPPEARANCE 



THERE WERE NO KNOWN DISAPPEARANCES CAUSED BY EITHER THE 
GOVERNMENT OR OPPOSITION GROUPS. 

C. TORTURE_aj<D CRUEL, INHUMAN, OR DEGRADING TREATMENT OR 



STATE 038985 




PAGE 05 
PUNISHMENT 



•• ••• 



3 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 87STATE 038985 



THE CONSTITUTION STATES THAT "NO ONE.^H^Lt .BE, SUBJECOTD.. ; 
TO TORTURE OR ILL-TREATMENT INC0MPAT3:A.S.H&TH;HUljAit : I* 

DIGNITY." HOWEVER, THE TREATMENT OF^tRISoWRSV • • " •* * * 
ESPECIALLY DURING THE INITIAL PRETRIAL PERIOD, REMAINED 
AN UNRESOLVED HUMAN RIGHTS ISSUE. POLITICIANS, THE 
PRESS, AND OUTSIDE HONITORINS GROUPS ALLEGED THAT 
PRISONERS WERE SUBJECT TO TORTURE AND HISTREATHENT 
IN PRISONS AND DETENTION HOUSES. ALTHOUGH MANY 
ALLEGATIONS CONCERN TREATMENT THAT COULD BE DEFINED AS 
POLICE BRUTALITY, I.E., THEY INVOLVED BEATINGS BY POLICE 
OFFICIALS AIMED AT INTIMIDATING A SUSPECT OR PRISONER OR 
JRESULTED FROM PERSONAL ANIMOSITY, IN OTHER CASES THE 
TREATMENT CLEARLY APPEARS SERIOUS ENOUGH TO HAVE RISEN TO 
THE LEVEL OF TORTURE. MANY ALLEGATIONS WERE DOCUMENTED 
BY MEDICAL EVIDENCE- IN A FEBRUARY 1985 INTERIM REPORT 
AND IN ITS OCTOBER 1986 WORLD REPORT, AMNESTY 
INTERNATIONAL REITERATED ITS CHARGES THAT TORTURE IS 
"WIDESPREAD AND SYSTEMATIC" IN TURKEY. 

WITH THE RETURN OF FULL POLITICAL DEMOCRACY AND A FREE 
PRESS TO TURKEY, ALLEGATIONS OF TORTURE RECEIVED WIDE 
PUBLICITY. THE GOVERNMENT HAS RESPONDED WITH PROMPT 
ACTION TO SUSPEND THE ALLEGED OFFENDERS AND INVESTIGATE 
THE CIRCUMSTANCES OF EACH CASE. IN AN INTERVIEW, THE 
MINISTER OF JUSTICE SAID 1,459 PERSONS ACCUSED OF TORTURE 
WERE PROSECUTED IN 1986. OF THESE, 100 WERE CONVICTED, 
AND MANY CASES ARE CONTINUING. AT THE SAME TIME, THE 
GOVERNMENT FREQUENTLY STATED THAT ALLEGING TORTURE HAD 
BECOME A STANDARD DEFENSE IN ALL TYPES OF CRIMINAL 
CASES . 

HIGH GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS HAVE CRITICIZED THOSE WHO 
ALLEGE TORTURE, CHARGING THAT SUCH ALLEGATIONS ARE 
POLITICAL PROPAGANDA INTENDED TO DESTROY TURKEY'S 




PAGE 06 STATE 038985 

INTERNATIONAL REPUTATION. ALTHOUGH GENERALLY AGREEING 
WITH THESE JUDGMENTS, THE NEWLY APPOINTED JUSTICE 
MINISTER, IN HIS FIRST STATEMENT AFTER ASSUMING OFFICE, 
POINTED OUT THAT TORTURE CERTAINLY EXISTS IN TURKEY, 
INASMUCH AS OVER 500 OFFICIALS HAD BEEN CONVICTED OF IT. 
HE WENT ON TO CONDEMN TORTURE AND TO EXPRESS THE 
GOVERNMENT'S INTENTION TO ERADICATE IT BY PROMPT AND 
SEVERE PUNISHMENT OF OFFENDERS. 

PUNISHMENT FOR TORTURE MAY CHANGE WITH THE ADOPTION OF A 
'ifEW CRIMINAL CODE NOW BEING DRAFTED. CURRENTLY, THE 
CRIMINAL CODE, WHICH DATES FROM THE 1920' S, CATEGORIZES 
MURDER BY TORTURE AS UNINTENTIONAL MANSLAUGHTER, WHICH IS 

NORMALLY PENALIZED BY 8 YEARS' IMPRISONMENT. PENALTIES 
FOR TORTURE WHICH DOES NOT RESUtl. WT DEATH.ARE LESS 

: i • ••! •! • • : PSCifjNoj 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 87STATE 038985 



SEVERE, RANGING FROM 3 TO 5 YEARS. laBS.lHE ^.^ ,••.•* 

PARLIAMENT DEFEATED A BILL, WHICH WAfe •oN'C^EEi BY'TJIE*. 
GOVERNMENT, PROPOSING THE INCREASE OP *THTS 'PElftlL'f Y* fd A' 
RANGE FROM 5 TO 10 YEARS. 




MANY TURKS LINK THE MISTREATMENT OF PRISONERS TO 
WIDESPREAD PUBLIC ACCEPTANCE OF THE NOTION THAT THE 
POLICE SHOULD ENFORCE PUBLIC ORDER BY WHATEVER MEANS ARE 
NECESSARY. OTHER CONTRIBUTORY FACTORS INCLUDE THE 
GENEIiALLY LOW EDUCATIONAL LEVEL OF POLICE PERSONNEL AND 
THE- LACK OF ADEQUATE TRAINING. THE GOVERNMENT HAS 
PUBLICLY RECOGNIZED THE LATTER PROBLEM BY TAKING STEPS TO 
UPGRADE THE POLICE FORCE, REQUIRING SECONDARY LEVEL 
EDUCATION FOR NEW RECRUITS, AND ORGANIZING SPECIAL 
COURSES TO INSTRUCT POLICEMEN AS TO THEIR 

RESPONSIBILITIES AND THE LIMITS ON THEIR POWERS UNDER THE 
LAW. 



PAGE 07 



STATE 038985 



PRISON CONDITIONS CONTINUED TO BE AN ISSUE OF CONCERN IN 
PARLIAMENT AND AMONG NONGOVERNMENTAL BODIES SUCH AS THE 
BAR ASSOCIATION, MEMBERS OF WHICH SENT A PETITION TO THE 
GOVERNMENT IN APRIL REQUESTING IMPROVEMENTS. IN FEBRUARY 
ADANA PRISON EXPERIENCED A 23-DAY HUNGER STRIKE FOR 
BETTER CONDITIONS. GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS CHARGE THAT THIS 
STRIKE WAS POLITICALLY MOTIVATED AND DIRECTED FROM 
OUTSIDE. THERE IS GENERAL AGREEMENT, THOUGH, THAT 
CONDITIONS IN PRISONS HAVE IMPROVED AS A RESULT OF THE 
ATTENTION FOCUSED ON THIS ISSUE BY THE PARLIAMENTARY 
PRISON COMMISSION, THE PRESS, AND OTHER NONGOVERNMENTAL 
GROUPS. 

D. ARBITRARY ARREST, DETENTION, OR EXILE 

THE CONSTITUTION REQUIRES A WARRANT FROM THE PUBLIC 
PROSECUTOR FOR ANY DETENTION, EXCEPT IN CERTAIN LIMITED 
CIRCUMSTANCES, E.G., WHEN A PERSON IS CAUGHT REDHANDED. 
THE ARREST WARRANT ITSELF IS ISSUED BY A JUDGE AFTER A 
HEARING. PERSONS TAKEN INTO CUSTODY MAY BE HELD 
INCOMMUNICADO WITHOUT CHARGE BY THE POLICE OR PUBLIC 
PROSECUTOR FOR UP TO 24 HOURS, ACCORDING TO THE POLICE 
POWERS ACT OF 1985, WHICH REDUCED THE PERIOD FROM 48 
HOURS. IF THE POLICE OBTAIN A COURT ORDER, HOWEVER, THE 
PERIOD MAY BE EXTENDED TO 15 DAYS. DETENTION WITHOUT 
CHARGE IS 15 DAYS IN CASES OF "OFFENSES COMMITTED 
COLLECTIVELY." 

IN THE 5 PROVINCES UNDER MARTIAL LAW AND THE 8 UNDER 



STATE-OF-EMERGENCY RULE, AN INDIVIDUAL MAY BE DETAINED 
WITHOUT CHARGE FOR UP TO 30 DAYS., .MAI^rjAI^^Ji; 

• • t M ! p»e 



TEXT. OF TELEC3RAM 87STATE 038985 



AUTHORITIES DO NOT NEED WARRANTS TO DETAiM^«JSPEC;?g ..♦•,*• 
MARTIAL LAW COMMANDERS, SUBJECT TO plEfcJtlpEDtJUIJftJlAl. *. 
PROCEDURES, MAY IMPOSE INTERNAL EXILE'FOR'UP" ifi*5* ^eMis" 




PAGE 08 



STATE 038985 



ON PERSONS BELIEVED TO BE ACTING AGAINST "GENERAL 
SECURITY AND PUBLIC ORDER.: NO SUCH SENTENCES WERE 
IMPOSED IN 1986. 



ONCE TAKEN FORMALLY INTO CUSTODY TO FACE CHARGES, A 
DETAINEE APPEARS FIRST BEFORE A PUBLIC PROSECUTOR, WHO 
INFORMS HIM OF THE SUSPICIONS OR CHARGES WHICH LED TO HIS 
DETENTION. IF THE PROSECUTOR DECIDES TO PURSUE THE CASE, 
THE DETAINEE IS ARRAIGNED BEFORE A JUDGE AND ALLOWED TO 
RETAIN A LAWYER. THE JUDGE DECIDES WHETHER TO HAVE THE 
ACCUSED HELD IN DETENTION OR TO PERMIT PROVISIONAL 
RELEASE DURING THE PRETRIAL INVESTIGATIVE 
PERIOD. 

IN ALL CASES THE AUTHORITIES MAY HOLD A DETAINEE 
INCOMMUNICADO WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME LIMITS UNTIL HE 
IS CHARGED OR RELEASED. ACCORDING TO THE POLICE POWERS 
ACT, A DETAINEE'S NEXT OF KIN MUST BE NOTIFIED "IN THE 
SHORTEST TIME," EXCEPT IN CASES WHERE SECRECY IS DEEMED 
NECESSARY, SUCH AS WHEN OTHERS ARE BELIEVED TO BE 
INVOLVED IN A GIVEN CRIME. A DETAINEE HAY NOT HAVE 
ACCESS TO A LAWYER UNTIL HE IS BROUGHT BEFORE A JUDGE. 
PARLIAMENT IN 1986 DEFEATED A BILL REQUIRING THAT ALL 
ARRESTED PERSONS BE GIVEN IMMEDIATE ACCESS TO A LAWYER. 
SIMILAR PROPOSALS PUT FORWARD BY THE TURKISH BAR 
ASSOCIATION AND OTHERS ARE NOW BEING CONSIDERED BY THE 
COMMITTEE REVIEWING THE CRIMINAL CODE. 

THE SYSTEM OF JUSTICE INCLUDES A BAIL SYSTEM IN WHICH THE 
ARRAIGNING JUDGE HAY RELEASE THE ACCUSED ON PRESENTATION 
OF AN APPROPRIATE GUARANTEE, OR ORDER HIM HELD IN 
PREVENTIVE DETENTION IF THE COURT DETERMINES THAT HE MAY 
FLEE OR DESTROY EVIDENCE . THE CONSTITUTION INCLUDES THE 




PAGE 09 STATE 038985 



RIGHT OF DETAINEES TO REQUEST SPEEDY CONCLUSION OF 
ARRAIGNMENT AND TRIAL, AND RELEASE "IF THE RESTRICTION 
PLACED UPON THEM IS NOT LAWFUL." 



TURKISH JUDICIAL AUTHORITIES, UNDER BOTH CIVIL AND 
MARTIAL LAW, HAVE THE POWER TO IMPOSE SENTENCES OF 
INTERNAL EXILE. INTERNAL EXILE IS PROVIDED FOR IN THE 
EXECUTION OF SENTENCES ACT OF 1986, BUT THE NUMBER OF 
CONVICTS, IF ANY, ON WHOM THSft WftC rflCTUftLLy, yjPP^Q.J^F.tEg,, 



TEXT OF TELEGRaM 87STATE 038985 



SEMTENCIM5 IS UNKNOWN. AN ARMENIJUJ JgRISST.SBHTENCEQ'fl^^* ; 
INTERNAL EXILE UPON HIS RELEASE FROrf 9Rk<eSv ^ Kfi^ 19$^. t f 

:.• i • 

.■IS STILL RESIDING IN ISTANBUL, PENDING A HIGH COURT 
' DECISION ON HIS APPEAL OF THE SENTENCE. 

THE CONSTITUTION PROHIBITS FORCED LABOR, AND IT DOES NOT 
OCCUR IN PRACTICE. 

E. DENIAL OF FAIR PUBLIC TRIAL 

IN MOST CASES, DEFENDANTS HAVE THE RIGHT TO AN OPEN 
TRIAL, WHICH MAY BE ATTENDED BY FAMILY MEMBERS AND 
LAWYERS. MEMBERS OF THE PUBLIC AND PRESS ARE ALSO 
USUALLY FREE TO ATTEND. IN SOME TRIALS, PARTICULARLY 
THOSE HELD IN MILITARY PRISONS OR QN MILITARY COMPOUNDS, 
MEMBERS OF THE PUBLIC MUST SEEK PERMISSION TO ATTEND. 
THE AUTHORITIES USUALLY GRANT SUCH PERMISSION. IN 
OCTOBER THE DEFENSE IN A TORTURE TRIAL SUCCEEDED IN 
HAVING THE JUDGE CHANGED AFTER AN ARGUMENT ARISING FROM 
HIS BAN ON PUBLIC ATTENDANCE AT THE TRIAL. 

THE CONSTITUTION ACCORDS A DEFENDANT THE RIGHT TO RETAIN 
THE LAWYER OF HIS CHOICE. HOWEVER, IN CERTAIN TRIALS 
STEMMING FROM THE KURDISH INSURGENCY IN THE SOUTHEAST, 
DEFENDANTS WHO CANNOT SPEAK TURKISH REPORTEDLY HAVE 
DIFFICULTY IN COMMUNICATING WITH THEIR LAWYERS, AS THEY 




PAGE 10 STATE 038985 

ARE FORBIDDEN FROM USING ANY LANGUAGE EXCEPT TURKISH WITH 
VISITORS. THERE ARE ALSO REPORTS THAT LAWYERS IN THESE 
TRIALS HAVE EXPERIENCED SOME HARASSMENT. 

ALTHOUGH TURKEY IS PREDOMINANTLY MUSLIM, ITS COURT SYSTEM 
AND JUDICIAL PROCEDURES ARE MODELED ON THE ITALIAN 
(CRIMINAL) AND SWISS (CIVIL) LAW CODES. THERE ARE NO 
SHARI'A (ISLAMIC) OR OTHER RELIGIOUS COURTS. 

. THE CONSTITUTION DECLARES THAT "JUDGES SHALL BE 
• INDEPENDENT IN THE DISCHARGE OF THEIR DUTIES" AND 
PROVIDES FOR THEIR SECURE TENURE. IT ALSO STATES THAT NO 
AUTHORITY MAY GIVE ORDERS OR RECOMMENDATIONS TO JUDGES 
CONCERNING THE EXERCISE OF JUDICIAL POWER. PUBLIC 
PROSECUTORS ARE ALSO INDEPENDENT, AND, ALTHOUGH THEY MAY 
BE ORDERED TO BEGIN PROSECUTIONS, THEY DECIDE THEREAFTER 
WHETHER TO PURSUE THEM. FOR EXAMPLE, ON SEPTEMBER 23, 
1986, THE PROSECUTOR IN FORMER PRIME MINISTER BULENT 
ECEVIT'S TRIAL ON CHARGES OF VIOLATING A BAN ON HIS 
POLITICAL ACTIVITY REQUESTED A VERDICT OF ACQUITTAL, 
WHICH WAS GRANTED BY THE JUDGE. THE SUPREME COUNCIL OF 
JUDGES AND PUBLIC PROSECUTORS, APPOINTED BY THE PRESIDENT 
AND INCLUDING THE MINISTER OF. itiSTJCE, flElj^gCJp ,JUDj3ES^ jiND 



TEXT OP TELEGRAM 87STATE 038985 



PROSECUTORS FOR THE HIGHER COURTS AUH^OVg^-gSS, THOSE eP^». 
THE LOWER COURTS. t : S. t ' 



IN PROVINCES UNDER MARTIAL LAW, ALL DEFENDANTS ACCUSED OP 
TERRORISM OR OTHER OFFENSES AGAINST THE SECURITY OF THE , 
STATE ARE TRIED IN HILITARY COURTS. MARTIAL LAW JUDGES 
NORMALLY HAVE LAW DEGREES AND OBSERVE THE SAME STANDARDS 
AS CRIMINAL JUDGES. THEY HAY NOT BE TRANSFERRED AT THE 
DISCRETION OF MILITARY COMMANDERS. IN PROVINCES UNDER A 
STATE OF EMERGENCY. CIVILIAN COURTS TRY CASES. 




PAGE 11 



STATE 038985 



CIVILIAN AND MILITARY COURTS GENERALLY CONDUCT TRIALS 
UNDER THE SAME RULES OF PROCEDURE, BASED ON THE 
CONSTITUTION OR MARTIAL LAW REGULATIONS, RESPECTIVELY. A 
CONVICTION OR ACQUITTAL IN EITHER SYSTEM MAY BE APPEALED 

TO THE APPROPRIATE CIVILIAN OR MILITARY APPEALS COURT. 
IF AN APPEALS COURT OVERTURNS A LOWER COURT'S GUILTY 
VERDICT, THE CASE IS SENT BACK TO THE LOWER COURT FOR 
RECONSIDERATION. IF THE LOWER COURT INSISTS ON ITS 
ORIGINAL VERDICT, THE CASE IS RETURNED TO THE JOINT 
COUNCIL OF THE APPEALS COURT FOR A BINDING VERDICT. IN 
SOME CASES, PARTICULARLY CAPITAL CASES, APPEALS ARE 
AUTOMATIC TO THE SUPREME COURT OR TO THE HIGH COURT OF 
MILITARY APPEALS. IF A DEATH SENTENCE IS CONFIRMED BY 
THE APPEALS COURT, IT MUST BE APPROVED BY THE COUNCIL OF 
MINISTERS, THEN BY PARLIAMENT, AND FINALLY BY THE 
PRESIDENT. BY OCTOBER 1986, NEARLY 1,000 DEATH SENTENCES 
WERE AWAITING THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERS' REVIEW, AND 105 
REVIEW BY PARLIAMENT. PARLIAMENT HAS NOT APPROVED ANY 
DEATH SENTENCES SINCE 1984. 

A LIMITED NUMBER OF SPECIAL TRIALS, SUCH AS THE TRIAL OF 
OVER 1,400 LEADERS OF THE CONFEDERATION OF REVOLUTIONARY 
TRADE UNIONS (DISK) AND THOSE IN THE FIRST PEACE 
ASSOCIATION CASE, HAVE CONTINUED FOR UP TO 5 YEARS. IN 
DECEMBER THE COURT REACHED A VERDICT IN THE DISK TRIAL, 
WHICH BOTH THE DEFENDANTS AND PROSECUTION PLAN TO 
APPEAL. THE COURT FOUND 264 DEFENDANTS GUILTY AND 
SENTENCED THEM FROM 1 TO 10 YEARS IN PRISON. ANOTHER 
1,159 DEFENDANTS WERE FOUND INNOCENT, 29 CASES WERE 
TRANSFERRED TO OTHER COURTS, AND 15 CASES WERE DROPPED. 
THE COURT ALSO ORDERED DISK AND ALL BUT TWO OF ITS 
AFFILIATED UNIONS CLOSED PERMANENTLY. THE DISK 
DEFENDANTS (EXCEPT FOR A FEW SERVING SENTENCES AS A 
RESULT OF CONVICTION ON OTHER CHARGES) AND ALL OP THE 
PEACE ASSOCLAfflON DEFENDANTS REMAIN FREE ON BAIL. UNDER 




PAGE 12 STATE 038985 



icusm 



TEXT OF TELE6SAH 87STATE 038985 



THE "EXECUTION OF SENTENCES ACT" OF 1986, WHICH REDUCES 
SENTENCES TO BE SERVED TO ONE-HRLF Tgp UIPQiSEB TIlIE,^«g6C; 
OR ALL OF THESE DEFENDANTS, EVEN IF JcSlte feulilY {♦fllfl, : 
HAVE ALREADY SERVED OUT THEIR SENTENCfis •••* 




ESTIMATES OF THE NUMBER OF POLITICAL PRISONERS HELD IN 
TURKEY'S JAILS VARY GREATLY DEPENDING ON THE SOURCE AND 
THE SOURCE'S DEFINITION OF POLITICAL PRISONER. THE 
TURKISH PRESS IN 1985, THE HOST RECENT YEAR FOR WHICH 
FIGURES WERE AVAILABLE, LISTED ABOUT 3,600 PERSONS 
CONVICTED OF CRIMES AGAINST THE SECURITY OF THE STATE, 
^ CRIMES AGAINST SECURITY FORCES, OR FOR BELONGING TO ARMED 
ORGANIZATIONS. OF THIS NUMBER, 1,700 WERE CONVICTED OF 
CRIMES OF VIOLENCE. SEVERAL THOUSAND OTHER PEOPLE WERE 
INCARCERATED WHILE UNDER INVESTIGATION OR UNDERGOING 
TRIAL FOR SIMILAR OFFENSES. AN OPPOSITION SPOKESMAN 
RECENTLY CLAIMED THAT IN TURKEY THERE WERE 10,000 
PRISONERS CONVICTED OF "THOUGHT CRIMES." AMNESTY 
INTERNATIONAL HAS EXPRESSED CONCERN ABOUT SEVERAL HUNDRED 
PRISONERS WHOM IT TERMED "PRISONERS OF CONSCIENCE" 
CONVICTED OF SUCH OFFENSES AS "MEMBERSHIP IN ILLEGAL 
ORGANIZATIONS" OR "MAKING COMMUNIST PROPAGANDA." 



F. ARBITRARY INTERFERENCE WITH PRIVACY, FAMILY, HOME, OR 
CORRESPONDENCE 



THE CONSTITUTION GUARANTEES THE INVIOLABILITY OF A . 
PERSON'S DOMICILE AND THE PRIVACY OF CORRESPONDENCE AND 
COMMUNICATION. ENTRY BY GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS INTO A 
PRIVATE RESIDENCE AND INTERCEPTION OR MONITORING OF 
PRIVATE CORRESPONDENCE ARE PERMITTED ONLY UPON ISSUANCE 
OF A JUDICIAL WARRANT. 




PAGE 13 STATE 038985 



IN THE FIVE PROVINCES STILL UNDER MARTIAL LAW, THE 
AUTHORITIES HAVE THE LEGAL POWER "WITHOUT NEED OF A 
WARRANT, APPLICATION OR REQUEST... TO SEARCH RESIDENCES, 
OR BUILDINGS OF ALL SOCIETIES, ASSOCIATIONS, POLITICAL 
PARTIES, UNIONS, CLUBS, BUSINESS LOCATIONS, OR OFFICES 
BELONGING TO OR OCCUPIED BY JURIDICAL AS WELL AS PRIVATE 
BODIES." THEY MAY ALSO SEARCH, HOLD, OR SEIZE WITHOUT 
WARRANT PERSONS, LETTERS, TELEGRAMS, AND DOCUMENTS. 
THERE IS NO EVIDENCE THAT THIS POWER IS WIDELY USED OR 
ABUSED. 

SECTION 2 RESPECT FOR CIVIL LIBERTIES, INCLUDING: 



FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND PRESS 



' THE END OF MARTIAL LAW IN NOVEMBER 1985 IN ISTANBUL AND 
ANKARA REMOVED A MAJOR RESTRAINT ON FREEDOM OF THE PRESS, 
WHICH IS HOW FREE TO PUBLISH.Jii;,W^T ANYTHING. THE 

• • • • • • •* •** 




TEXT OF TELEGRAM 87STATE 038985 



CRIMINAL CODE, HOWEVER, CONTINUES TO ^ROJttBII ffHE^.^ ,*•.*• I »" I i | 

ADVOCACY OF CLASS OR RACIAL DOMINATIC& ; (l»l|MUJfl[SMf«PR*THSi t I* t 

ESTABLISHMENT OF A THEOCRATIC STATE (•fSLAMC " 



FUNDAMENTALISM) OR OF A SEPARATE STATE ON ETHNIC LIMES 
(KURDISH SEPARATISM) . TRIALS OF PERSONS EXPIiESSING SUCH 
VIEWS TAKE PLACE IN ONE OF EIGHT STATE SECURITY COURTS 
WHICH DEAL ONLY WITH SUCH CASES. 



IN ADDITION, IN RESPONSE TO THE INCREASING PUBLICATION OF 
PHOTOGRAPHS OF NAKED WOMEN IN THE SENSATIONALIST POPULAR 
PRESS, PARLIAMENT IN MARCH 1986 ADOPTED THE "PROTECTION 
OF MINORS FROM HARMFUL PUBLICATIONS ACT." THIS ACT 
ESTABLISHED A BOARD WHICH REVIEWS PUBLICATIONS AGAINST 
WHICH A COMPLAINT IS BROUGHT. THE BOARD CANNOT PREVENT 
PUBLICATION BUT CAN DEMAND THAT A PUBLICATION BE SOLD 
ONLY IN AN OPAQUE PLASTIC BAG. IT CAN ALSO CENSOR MOVIES 
AND VIDEOTAPES. THIS LAW, HOWEVER, HAS BEEN CHALLENGED, 



PAGE 14 STATE 038985 



AND THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT HAS AGREED TO REVIEW ITS 
CONSTITUTIONALITY . 

THE NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL, WHICH RULED UNTIL THE 
RESUMPTION OF CIVILIAN RULE IN 1983, PROMULGATED A LAW 
SHORTLY BEFORE ITS DISSOLUTION BANNING ALL CRITICISM OF 
THE DECREES, COMMUNIQUES, AND ACTIONS OF THAT BODY AND 
ITS MEMBERS. THE SAME LAW ALSO PROSCRIBED ALL STATEMENTS 
PRAISING OR CONDEMNING LEADERS OF BANNED (PRE-1980) 
POLITICAL PARTIES. HOWEVER, ALL PROSECUTIONS UNDER THIS 
LAW HAVE THUS FAR RESULTED IN ACQUITTALS. IN 1986 ILHAN 
SELCUK AND OKAY GONENSIN, THE EDITORS OF THE LEFTIST 
DAILY CUMHUHIYET, WERE PROSECUTED AND ACQUITTED FOR 
CRITICIZING THE PRESIDENT AND THE MILITARY INTERVENTION 
OF SEPTEMBER 1980 IN A COLUMN. THE EDITORS OF THE 
ENGLISH-LANGUAGE TURKISH DAILY NEWS FACED A SIMILAR 
CHARGE AND WERE ALSO ACQUITTED. SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC 
POPULIST PARTY CENTRAL COMMITTEE MEMBER MUZAFFAR SARAC 
WAS ACQUITTED IN OCTOBER 1986 OF CHARGES STEMMING FROM A 
SPEECH HE GAVE IN IRELAND ALMOST A YEAR BEFORE. AS 
"BANNED" POLITICAL LEADERS PLAY AN INCREASINGLY OPEN ROLE 
IN TODAY'S POLITICS, THE PROSCRIPTION AGAINST PRAISING OR 
CONDEMNING THEM HAS COME TO BE TOTALLY IGNORED. 



WRITERS ARE STILL BEING PROSECUTED FOR WRITING ALLEGEDLY 
PRO-COMMUNIST PROPAGANDA OR VIOLATING SECULARIST 
PRINCIPLES. PROFESSOR YALCIN KUCUK IS FACING HIS FOURTH 
RETRIAL ON CHARGES THAT HIS BOOK, "TOWARD A NEW 
REPUBLIC," IS COMMUNIST PROPAGANDA, AND ALI RIZA DEMIRCAN 
WAS PROSECUTED FOR HIS BOOK "SEXUAL LIFE ACCORDING TO 
ISLAM;" NEITHER WAS IMPRISONED. TRIALS OF SEVERAL OTHERS 
CONTINUE, AND HEW CASES ARE OPSljEIi REGULARLY . 

: r .: .* : :J **: "eASb jw. lo 

• • • • • • • . 1*5 • • • • 



TEXT. OF TELEGRAM 87STATE 038985 



■rMmm 



PAGE 15 STATE 038985 

THE NEWSPAPER HURRIYET REPORTED THAT A PUBLISHER, RECEP 
MARASLI, WAS SENTENCED TO 27 YEARS' IMPRISONMENT ON 

CHARGES OF SEPARATIST AND COMMUNIST PROPAGANDA AND 
BELONGING TO AN ILLEGAL KURDISH SEPARATIST ORGANIZATION. 

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL WROTE TO THE TURKISH FOREIGN 
MINISTER ABOUT THIS CASE. THE UNDERSECRETARY OF THE 
JUSTICE MINISTRY, RESPONDING THAT AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL 
COULD NOT INTERFERE IN TURKEY'S INTERNAL AFFAIRS, NOTED A 
"DIFFERENCE IN OPINION" IN THE MATTER, IN WHICH "WHAT WE 
DEFINE AS A CRIME IN ACTION IS INTERPRETED BY AMNESTY 
INTERNATIONAL AS A THOUGHT CRIME." 

THE PRESS IN TURKEY IS PRIVATELY OWNED AND REFLECTS A 
WIDE RANGE OF POLITICAL VIEWS. TURKISH RADIO AND 
TELEVISION (TRT) IS A GOVERNMENT MONOPOLY. A SIGNIFICANT 
CHANGE IN ITS PROGRAMING CAME ABOUT IN 1986. IN PREVIOUS 
YEARS, TRT DEVOTED THE LARGEST PORTION OF ITS NEWS 
COVERAGE TO THE ACTIVITIES OF THE PRESIDENT, PRIME 
MINISTER, AND OTHER GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS. IN 1985 TRT 
COVERED THE ACTIVITIES OF OPPOSITION POLITICIANS TO A 
SIGNIFICANT EXTENT IN ITS NEWS PROGRAMS AND SOMETIMES 
MADE THEM THE LEAD STORY. PRIOR TO THE SEPTEMBER 28, 
1986, BYELECTIONS, ALL 12 POLITICAL PARTIES RECEIVED FULL 
COVERAGE. EVEN "BANNED" POLITICAL LEADERS SUCH AS FORMER 
PRIME MINISTERS SULEYMAN DEMIREL AND BULENT ECEVIT WERE 
SHOWN ON TELEVISION, THOUGH NOT IN POLITICAL CAPACITIES. 
THERE ARE WIDESPREAD ALLEGATIONS—WHICH TRT'S DIRECTOR 
DENIED IN A PRESS INTERVIEW — THAT CERTAIN ARTISTS AND 
WORKS ARE BANNED FROM RADIO AND TELEVISION DUE TO EITHER 
POLITICAL OR CULTURAL CONSIDERATIONS. 

B. FREEDOM OF PEACEFUL ASSEMBLY AND ASSOCIATION 

PEACEFUL ASSEMBLIES ARE PERMITTED WITH PRIOR PERMISSION 
FROM THE AUTHORITIES. SUCH REQUESTS ARE GENERALLY 



PAGE 16 STATE 038985 

GRANTED. ACCORDING TO CURRENT REGULATIONS, MARCHING 
ROUTES, RALLY AREAS, CROWD DISPERSION ROUTES, AND POSTER 
HANGING LOCATIONS ARE TO BE FIXED FOR EACH CITY EVERY 
JANUARY. 

THE LAW ON ASSOCIATIONS, WHICH REFLECTED GOVERNMENT 
CONCERN OVER THE INVOLVEMENT OF SOME ASSOCIATIONS IN THE 
POLITICAL VIOLENCE PRECEDINQ.Tpfi MILITARY INTERVENTION OF 

: : r i i \\ :.: *: * 
*.• : *.: 






TEXT OF TELEGRAM 87STATE 038985 



1980, PROHIBITS ASSOCIATIONS FROM HAV^ING^^J.TJES JO 

POLITICAL PARTIES OR ENGAGING IN POLlj'lcit SiCTSVI^Jj. '•fBi^ • 
EXAMPLE, SEVEN MEMBERS OF THE BEDlCAJ^sSecfMTftw'vmcy'*** * * 

CIRCULATED A PETITION AGAINST THE DEATH PENALTY WERE 
TRIED ON CHARGES THAT THEIR PETITION VIOLATED THE BAN ON 
POLITICAL ACTIVITY BY ASSOCIATIONS. 




ASSOCIATION ACTIVITY IS CLOSELY MONITORED BY THE 



GOVERNMENT. ALL ASSOCIATIONS ARE REQUIRED TO HAVE AN 
ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING, WHICH IS ATTENDED BY OFFICIALS OF 
THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNOR'S SECURITY STAFF. THEY MUST 
CERTIFY THAT ALL REGULATIONS HAVE BEEN COMPLIED WITH, OR 
THE ASSOCIATION CAN BE CLOSED. ASSOCIATIONS MUST SUBMIT 
THEIR CHARTERS FOR THE APPROVAL OF GOVERNMENT AUTHORITIES 
BEFORE THEY ARE ALLOWED TO FORM. TURKEY'S HUMAN RIGHTS 
ASSOCIATION, FORMED IN JULY. IS STILL AWAITING PERMISSION 
TO OPERATE AS A LEGAL ASSOCIATION. 



THE CONSTITUTION AND POLITICAL PARTIES LAW PROHIBIT 
STUDENTS AND FACULTY MEMBERS FROM BECOMING MEMBERS OF 
POLITICAL PARTIES OR INVOLVED IN POLITICAL ACTIVITIES. 
THUS FACULTY OR STUDENT POLITICAL ASSOCIATIONS OF ANY 
TYPE ARE BANNED, AND POLITICAL PARTIES ARE FORBIDDEN TO 
FORM YOUTH BRANCHES. PERMISSION OF A UNIVERSITY'S RECTOR 




PAGE 17 STATE 038985 

IS REQUIRED FOR ANY STUDENT TO JOIN ANY ASSOCIATION. 

SOKE FACULTY MEMBERS WHO WERE DISMISSED WHEN MARTIAL LAW 
WAS IN EFFECT HAVE PETITIONED FOR REINSTATEMENT. SOME OF 
THOSE FIRED BY THE HIGHER EDUCATION COUNCIL, WHICH 
CONTROLS THE UNIVERSITIES, WON THEIR SUITS, THOUGH NONE 
HAS YET BEEN REINSTATED. THOSE FIRED BY MARTIAL LAW 
AUTHORITIES ARE BANNED FROM ANY PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT, 
AND MANY ARE CHALLENGING THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF MARTIAL 
LAW NO. 1402, WHICH GAVE MARTIAL LAW AUTHORITIES THE 
POWER TO FIRE THEM. 



THOSE UNIONS AND CONFEDERATIONS SET UP UNDER THE 
PROVISIONS OF THE 1983 LABOR LAW HAVE BEEN ALLOWED TO 
ORGANIZE WORKPLACES FREELY AND TO ENGAGE IN COLLECTIVE 
BARGAINING. ALTHOUGH ONLY A SMALL PERCENTAGE OF TURKEY'S 
TOTAL WORK FORCE OF SOME 16 MILLION IS ORGANIZED, OVER 60 
PERCENT OF INDUSTRIALIZED WORKERS ARE UNION MEMBERS 
COVERED BY COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AGREEMENTS. AS A 
RESULT, UNIONS HAVE A SIGNIFICANT IMPACT ON THE ECONOMY, 
ESPECIALLY ON ITS WORK RULES AND WAGE STRUCTURE. THE 
1983 COLLECTIVE BARGAINING, STRIKE, AND LOCK-OUT LAW 
STRICTLY REGULATES THE BARGAINING PROCESS AND MAKES 
STRIKES OUTSIDE THE COLLECTIVE BARGAINING PROCESS 
(GENERAL STRIKES, POLITICAL STRIKES, AND SOLIDARITY 




TEXT OF TELEGRAH 87STATE 038985 



STRIKES) ILLEGAL. UNIONS ARE ABLE TO^ REf {^^gNJ THEIR, 
MEKBERS, ENGAGE IN COLLECTIVE BARGAINjiteSI.lOJD IreI»\ '< 
RESPONSIVE TO THEIR MEMBERS' INTEREST^.* I..*.* • • •< 




A RECENT COURT DECISION ORDERED THE PERMANENT CLOSING OF 
DISK (CONFEDERATION OF REVOLUTIONAR; TRADE UNIONS) , WHOSE 
ACTIVITIES WERE SUSPENDED UNDER MARTIAL LAW FOLLOWING THE 
1980 MILITARY TAKEOVER AND WHOSE LEADERS HAVE BEEN ON 



TRIAL SINCE DECEMBER 24, 1981. THE VERDICT IN THE TRIAL 
IS BEING APPEALED. THE DISK LEADERS WERE CHARGED WITH 




PAGE 18 STATE 038985 

"TRYING TO CHANGE THE FORM OP GOVERNMENT" AND WITH 
"INTERFERING WITH THE WORK OF THE PARLIAMENT." SOME 
DEFENDANTS ARE CHARGED WITH CULPABILITY IN ACTS OF 
VIOLENCE. ALL DEFENDANTS (EXCEPT TWO CONVICTED OF OTHER 
CRIMES) REMAIN FREE ON THEIR OWN RECOGNIZANCE, BUT THE 
ORGANIZATION AND ITS FUNDS REMAIN UNDER THE CONTROL OF 
COURT- APPOINTED TRUSTEES. AT LEAST TWO UNIONS AFFILIATED 
WITH TURK-IS HAVE CALLED ON THE GOVERNMENT TO ALLOW DISK 
UNIONS TO RESUME THEIR ACTIVITIES. 



POLITICAL ACTIVITY BY TRADE UNIONS IS BANNED BY THE 
CONSTITUTION, THE LAW ON ASSOCIATIONS, AND THE TRADE 
UNION LAW. THUS UNIONS CAN NEITHER ENDORSE CANDIDATES 
AND PARTIES NOR MAKE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THEIR CAMPAIGNS. 
TRADE UNION ACTIVITY IN DEFENSE OF WORKERS' SOCIAL AND 
ECONOMIC INTERESTS, HOWEVER, IS NOT REGARDED AS POLITICAL 
ACTIVITY. THE UNIONS HAVE TAKEN ADVANTAGE OF THAT 
DISTINCTION TO MOUNT STRENUOUS PUBLIC CAMPAIGNS AGAINST 
VARIOUS GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND TO LOBBY GOVERNMENT AND 
OPPOSITION PARLIAMENTARIANS IN SUPPORT OF LABOR 
POSITIONS. THESE CAMPAIGNS INCLUDED AN EFFORT IN JANUARY 
TO PERSUADE THE PARLIAMENT TO BRING THE LAWS RESTRICTING 
UNION ACTIVITY INTO HARMONY WITH THE RELEVANT 
INTERNATIONAL LABOR ORGANIZATION (ILO) CONVENTIONS. 
BYELECTION ACTIVITIES IN SEPTEMBER PEAKED IN AN ELECTION 
EVE PRESS CONFERENCE IN WHICH THE TURK- IS PRESIDENT 
CALLED WORKERS TO VOTE AGAINST THE GOVERNING PARTY. IN 
OCTOBER HE SHARPLY CRITICIZED RESTRICTIONS IMPOSED ON THE 
ACTIVITIES OF A MAJOR OPPOSITION PARTY. 



TURKISH GOVERNMENT, UNION, AND EMPLOYER REPRESENTATIVES 
PARTICIPATE FULLY IN THE ACTIVITIES OF THE ILO. THE MAIN 
CONFEDERATION. TURK-IS, IS AN AFFILIATE OF THE 



PAGE 19 



STATE 038985 



INTERNATIONAL CONFEDERATION OF FREE TRADE UNIONS (ICFTU) , 




TKXT OF TELEGRAM 87STATE 038985 



AND MOST TUEK-IS MEMBER UNIONS ARE AF^ILJAJSD WITH. THBiE^* • ••• ; 
RESPECTIVE INTERNATIONAL TRADE SECREOMlJlffi. • ••: If S \' I i 

:..*.. i ' •• * • 

BOTH THE ILO AND THE ICFTU HAVE CLOSELY MONITORED THE 
SITUATION OF ORGANIZED LABOR IN TURKEY SINCE THE MILITARY 
INTERVENTION OF SEPTEMBER 12, 1980. ILQ REPORTS HAVE 
NOTED THE INCREASED COOPERATION THE ORGANIZATION HAS 
RECEIVED FROM THE GOVERNMENT AS WELL AS IMPROVEMENT ON 
OUTSTANDING ISSUES. HOWEVER, THE ONGOING DISK TRIAL 
REMAINS A MAJOR CONCERN, AS DO SOME RESTRICTIONS ON TRADE 
UNIONS (FOR EXAMPLE, ON POLITICAL ACTIVITIES) . THE ICFTU 
HAS FOLLOWED THE DISK TRIAL CL0SEL2, ALTHOUGH DISK IS NOT 
AN ICFTU AFFILIATE, AND HAS URGED THE GOVERNMENT TO AMEND 

ITS LABOR LAWS AND CONSTITUTION ALONG THE LINES URGED BY 
TURKEY'S LARGEST UNION CONFEDERATION, THE 
ICFTU-AFPILIATED TURK-IS. 



C. FREEDOM OF RELIGION 

THE MAJORITY OF TURKS ARE SUNNI MUSLIMS. THERE ARE ALSO 
AN ECLECTIC MINORITY "ALEVI" GROUP MADE UP OF ADHERENTS 
TO DIFFERENT VARIETIES OF SHI 'ISM, VARIOUS SMALL 
CHtilSTIAN RELIGIOUS GROUPS, AND A SHALL JEWISH COMMUNITY. 



TURKISH GOVERNMENTS SINCE THE FOUNDING OF THE REPUBLIC 
HAVE REGARDED THE PRINCIPLE OF SECULAR GOVERNMENT AS AN 
ESSENTIAL ATTRIBUTE OF A MODERN, WESTERN-STYLE DEMOCRATIC 
SYSTEM, AND THE CONSTITUTION PROCLAIMS SECULARISM TO BE A 
BASIC CHARACTERISTIC OF THE STATE. MANY OBSERVERS HAVE 
NOTED THE INCREASED VISIBILITY OF ISLAMIC RELIGIOUS 
OBSERVANCE AND PIETY IN RECENT YEARS. BUT STRINGENT 
CONSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL RESTRICTIONS HINDER THE EFFORTS 
OF A SMALL MINORITY OF MUSLIM FUNDAMENTALISTS WHO 
ADVOCATE THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A STATE WITH A SHARI'A 




PAGE 20 STATE 038985 



LEGAL SYSTEM. 



THE CONSTITUTION STIPULATES THAT "EVERYONE HAS THE RIGHT 
TO FREEDOM OF CONSCIENCE, RELIGIOUS BELIEF, AND 
CONVICTION." CONSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL RESTRICTIONS AIMED 
AT PROTECTING THE PRINCIPLE OF SECULARISM AND SEPARATION 
OF CHURCH AND STATE LIMIT THAT RIGHT SIGNIFICANTLY. AS A 
RESULT OF THE KURDISI^ REBELLION OF 1925, LED BY A SHEIKH 
OF THE NAKSHIBENDI MYSTICAL SECT, ALL SUCH RELIGIOUS 
ORDERS WERE BANNED. THEY CONTINUE TO EXIST, HOWEVER, AND 
THE PRESS FREQUENTLY COMMENTS ON THEIR ACTIVITIES. 
NUMEROUS ISLAMIC RELIGIOUS TEACHERS CONNECTED EITHER 
OPENLY OR BY REPUTE WITH THE NAKSHIBENDI ORDER IN 
ISTANBUL HAVE BEEN PROSECUTED FOR ADVOCATING A THEOCRATIC 
STATE. IN LATE 1986, ONE O^.TpEM. ADNAN HOCA, WAS UNDER 

• • • • S S m'*m" t i **avfv 

• i : . • 



vp. 



14 



TEXT OF TELEGRAH 87STATE 038985 



PSYCHIATRIC OBSERVATION BY COURT ORDEJ^. .ep^.TpO, WAS.. .. . ... ; 

CHARGED WITH ADVOCATING A THEOCRATIC StRSK.I ; :[ *' 

«• •♦♦ • • »• •• • • • 

THE POLITICAL PARTIES LAW PROHIBITS THE ESTABLISHMENT OF 
ANY POLITICAL PARTY ADVOCATING THEOCRACY OR THE 
FOUNDATION OF LAW AND GOVERNMENT, EVEN PARTIALLY, ON 
RELIGIOUS PRINCIPLES. HOWEVER, AFTER THE SEPTEHBER 1985 
ACQUITTAL ON APPEAL OF SEVERAL LEADERS OF THE FORMER 
NATIONAL SALVATION PARTY (NSP) , WHICH WAS CONSIDERED A 
"RELIGIOUS" PARTY, THE PARTY SUED AND WON, IN OCTOBER 
1986, THE LIFTING OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL 10-YEAR BAN ON 
ITS LEADERS' ACTIVITIES. THE SUCCESSOR TO THE NSP, THE 
REFAH (AFFLUENCE) PARTY, IS LEGAL AND CAMPAIGNED IN THE 

SEPTEMBER BYELECTIONS WITH THE OPEN PARTICIPATION OF 
FORMER NSP LEADERS BUT WON ONLY 5.5 PERCENT OF THE VOTE. 





CODE FORBIDS PROSELYTIZING BY ANY PERSON OR 



PAGE 21 



STATE 038985 



GROUP. TWENTY-THREE TURKISH JEHOVAH'S WITNESSES WERE 
ACQUITTED ON APPEAL IN JUNE 1986. IN ITS DECISION, THE 
COURT DEFENDED THE CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF 
RELIGION, STATING THAT "EVERY TURKISH CITIZEN HAS THE 
RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF RELIGION AND CONSCIENCE, AND IS FREE 
TO CHOOSE HIS FAITH AND PERFORM ITS ACTS OF WORSHIP." 



IN DECEMBER 1985, ISTANBUL POLICE SEQUESTERED BIBLES AND 
OTHER PUBLICATIONS IN TURKISH OF THE TURKISH BIBLE 
SOCIETY. IN MARCH 1986, AFTER THE PERSONAL INTERVENTION 
OF THE PRIME MINISTER, THE CABINET CANCELED ITS 
RESTRICTIONS ON IMPORTING AND DISTRIBUTING BIBLICAL 
TEXTS, AND CIRCULATION OF BIBLES NOW PROCEEDS UNHINDERED. 



UNDER THE CONSTITUTION, "INSTRUCTION IN RELIGIOUS CULTURE 
AND MORAL EDUCATION," IN ACCORD WITH A STATE-PREPARED 
CURRICULUM, IS COMPULSORY FOR ALL STUDENTS. DURING THE 
1985-86 SCHOOL YEAR, ASSYRIAN CHRISTIANS IN THE SOUTHEAST 
COMPLAINED THAT THEIR CHILDREN WERE BEING FORCED TO 
ATTEND ISLAMIC INSTRUCTION. IN 1986 CHRISTIANS IN 
ISKENDERUN HADE THE SAME COMPLAINT, AND IN OCTOBER THE 
EDUCATION MINISTRY ISSUED A STATEMENT CONFIRMING THAT 
NON-MUSLIMS WOULD HAVE TO ATTEND RELIGIOUS INSTRUCTION 
CLASSES BUT WOULD BE EXCUSED FROM THE "PRACTICAL" 
SECTIONS, WHICH INCLUDE MEMORIZATION OF KORANIC VERSES 
AND INSTRUCTIONS IN PRAYER. THE COURSES — ABOUT 2 HOURS 
PER WEEK—ARE TAUGHT BY LAY TEACHERS. EXTRACURRICULAR 
KORAN COURSES USING GOVERNMENT-APPROVED TEXTS ARE 
PERMITTED. THE GOVERNMENT HAS CLOSED KORAN COURSES RUN 
BY FUNDAMENTALIST SECTS TEACHING A MORE RADICAL BRAND OF 
ISLAM. 



15 



TEXT OF TELEI3RAB 87STATE 038985 



AMONG OTHER RELIGIOUS GROUPS, SMAJ^L NUMBERS OF^ ARMEN_IAN 
ORTHODOX AND ARMENIAN CATHOLIC, (3R5EK*C:RTli)DOj.^»0*(^'E5K:" 
CATHOLIC, BULGARIAN ORTHODOX, ROtSkii S»i(fHeJ&0, il^Bi^'^fiD! 

CHRISTIAN, PROTESTANTS, AND JEWISH BELIEVERS ARE 



STATE 038985 





PAGE 22 



FOUND IN TURKEY, PRIMARILY IN ISTANBUL. THESE GROUPS 
OPERATE CHURCHES, MONASTERIES, SYNAGOGUES, SCHOOLS, AND 
CHARITABLE RELIGIOUS FOUNDATIONS SUCH AS HOSPITALS AND 
ORPHANAGES. GUARANTEES OF MINORITY RIGHTS, BEYOND THOSE 
ENSHRINED IN THE CONSTITUTION, ARE INCLUDED IN THE TREATY 
OF LAUSANNE, WHICH PROVIDES THAT NON-MUSLIM MINORITY 
COHKUNITIES MAY HAVE THEIR CHILDREN TAUGHT IN THEIR OWN 
LANGUAGE. 

IN 1986 THE GOVERNMENT TOOK SIGNIFICANT STEPS TO RESOLVE 
SEVERAL ISSUES OF MAJOR CONCERN TO NOH-HUSLIM GROUPS. 
THERE ARE MANY REPORTS THAT THE GREEK ORTHODOX 
PATRIARCHATE WILL SOON OBTAIN PERMISSION TO REBUILD ITS 
ADMINISTRATION BUILDING, DESTROYED BY FIRE IN 1941? THE 
PATRIARCHATE HAS BEEN SEEKING PERMISSION TO REBUILD FOR 
OVER 40 YEARS. THE RESOLUTION OF THE BIBLE SOCIETY CASE 
AND THE RELEASE IN 1986 OF AN ARMENIAN PRIEST CONVICTED 
OF SEDITION IN 1983 WERE OTHER POSITIVE STEPS IN 
GOVERNMENT RELATIONS WITH NON-MUSLIM MINORITIES. 

LITURGICAL USE BY NON-MUSLIMS OP LANGUAGES OTHER THAN 
TURKISH, SUCH AS GREEK, ARMENIAN, HEBREW, AND ARABIC IS 
ALLOWED BUT CONTINUES TO DECLINE. 

D. FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT WITHIN THE COUNTRY, FOREIGN 
TRAVEL, EMIGRATION, AND REPATRIATION 

THERE IS GENERAL FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT WITHIN TURKEY, 
EXCEPT IN THE FIVE PROVINCES UNDER MARTIAL LAW WHERE 
AUTHORITIES HAVE THE SELDOM-USED POWER TO RESTRICT 
MOVEMENT. MARTIAL LAW AUTHORITIES MAY EXPEL "PERSONS 
WHOSE PRESENCE IN THE MARTIAL LAW AREA IS DETERMINED TO 
BE PREJUDICIAL." OH RESTRICT AND PROHIBIT THEIR RESIDENCE 



PAGE 23 



STATE 038985 



IN, OR ENTRY INTO, CERTAIN AREAS UNDER MARTIAL LAW. 
BORDER AREAS ARE OFF-LIMITS TO FOREIGNERS WITHOUT 
SPECIFIC PERMISSION TO VISIT THEM. 



SOME 



TURKS GENERALLY ARE FREE TO TRAVEL ABROAD, AND INCREASING 
NUMBERS HAVE DONE SO SINCE THE RELAXATION OF CURRENCY 
CONTROLS. ACCORDING TO THE CONSTITUTION, HOWEVER, A 
CITIZEN'S FREEDOM TO LEAVE MAY BE RESTRICTED ON ACCOUNT 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM BTSTATE 038985 



OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMIC SITUATIOJf, jlJJVIC , OBLIGATIONS 
(GENERALLY MILITARY SERVICE), OR ICEOII JAL hNVJaTTPSriioif •*' 
OR PROSECUTION. MANY TURKS CURRiKtl&.Iw/C&VEil Jl»(.T»Ss: I 
TRIALS ARE DENIED PASSPORTS, AND THERE IS EVIDENCE THAT 
OTHER CITIZENS HOT UNDER INDICTMENT ARE DENIED PASSPORTS 
FOR POLITICAL REASONS. TURKISH LAW PROVIDES THAT THOSE 
DENIED PASSPORTS VfHILE UNDER INDICTMENT MAY RECEIVE 
PASSPORTS IF THE JUSTICE MINISTRY AND PRIME MINISTRY 
APPROVE THEIR PETITIONS CITING EMERGENCY REASONS FOR 
FOREIGN TRAVEL. RECENTLY, TURKEY'S LEADING HUMORIST, 
AZIZ NESIN, WHO IS A DEFENDANT IN THE PEACE ASSOCIATION 
CASE, WAS GRANTED A LIMITED-USE PASSPORT TO TRAVEL TO THE 
UMITED KINGDOM TO PARTICIPATE IN A CONFERENCE. 

TURKISH LAW GUARANTEES CITIZENS PROTECTION AGAINST 
DEPORTATION, EXTRADITION, OR DENIAL OF REENTRY. THE 
CONSTITUTION GUARANTEES THE RIGHTS OF TURKS AND THEIR 



FAMILIES LIVING ABROAD TO RETURN HOME. UNDER PROVISIONS 
OF THE TURKISH CITIZENSHIP LAW, HOWEVER, THE GOVERNMENT 
MAY DEPRIVE OF CITIZENSHIP THOSE TURKS WHO HAVE REFUSED 
TO RETURN TO TURKEY TO FACE CRIMINAL CHARGES OR WHO IT 
DETERHINES HAVE EXPATRIATED THEMSELVES. 

TURKEY HAS PERMANENTLY RESETTLED ABOUT 4,500 AFGHAN 
REFUGEES OF TURKIC ETHNICITY IN RECENT YEARS, AND 
PROVIDES A TEMPORARY HAVEN FOR EAST EUROPEAN REFUGEES IN 
TWO TEHPORARY SETTLEMENT FACILITIES. WHILE THE 




PAGE 24 STATE 038985 



GOVERNMENT DOES NOT GRANT REFUGEE STATUS TO IRANIANS, IT 
ASSERTS THAT IT DOES NOT DEPORT TO IRAN THOSE WHO HAVE 
ENTERED TURKEY ILLEGALLY OR HAVE OVERSTAYED THEIR 
PERMITTED TIME. IN CONSEQUENCE, LARGE NUMBERS OF 
IRRKIRHS ARE HOW LIVING IH TURKEY, K&HY OF THEM IN 
ISTANBUL AND OTHER LARGE CITIES. 

SECTION 3 RESPECT FOR POLITICAL RIGHTS: THE RIGHT OF 
CITIZENS TO CHANGE THEIR GOVERNMENT 



TURKEY HAS A MULTIPARTY, PRESIDENTIAL PARLIAMENTARY 
SYSTEM. THE PRESIDENT IS ELECTED BY PARLIAMENT FOR A 
SINGLE 7-YEAR TERM. THE CURRENT PRESIDENT, WHOSE 
ELECTION WAS AUTOMATIC WITH THE APPROVAL OF TURKEY'S NEW 
CONSTITUTION IN THE 1982 REFERENDUM, IS RETIRED GENERAL 
KENAN EVREH, FORMER CHIEF OF THE TURKISH GENERAL STAFF 
AND HEAD OF THE NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL WHICH GOVERNED 
TURKEY DURING THE PERIOD OF MILITARY RULE (1980-83) . 



THE UNICAMERAL PARLIAMENT HAS 400 SEATS ELECTED ON A 
PROPORTIONAL BASIS. THE ELECTION LAW REQUIRES THAT A 
PARTY WIN AT LEAST 10 PERCENT OP THE TOTAL NATIONAL VOTE 




TEXT OF TELEGRAH 87STATE 038985 



IK ORDER TO OBTAIN SEATS IN PfiRH^EflX'.. ?HE 3J3 PSPQffiNJ , 

THRESHOLD IS INTENDED TO PREVENT jPftliwlCfllj Frfw5Mfi»piTIt)N:. ; :. L, 
AND THE RECURRENCE OF THE PARLIAMENMHY'f MIAL«3IS« Op'to^ J »*' 
LATE 1970 'S. 

PARTIES ADVOCATING CERTAIN BELIEFS ARE RESTRICTED PROM 
OPERATING IN THE POLITICAL ARENA. THESE INCLUDE PARTIES 
ADVOCATING A THEOCRATIC STATE, THE SUPERIORITY OR 
DICTATORSHIP OF A PARTICULAR SOCIAL CLASS OR GROUP, OR 
"EXCLUSIVE" OR "ELITIST" POLITICAL PHILOSOPHIES. NO 
PARTY MAY BE FORMED AROUND A PARTICULAR ETHNIC OR 




PAGE 25 STATE 038985 

CULTURAL GROUP. AMONG THE PROHIBITED POLITICAL GROUPINGS 
ARE COMMUNIST OR OTHER MARXIST PARTIES, WHICH ARE BASED 
ON CLASS, AND FASCIST "ELITIST" PARTIES. ALL OF THESE 
ARE REGARDED AS INIMICAL TO A WESTERN-STILE DEMOCRATIC 
SOCIETY AND THEIEATENING TO TURKEY'S FUNDAMENTAL 
INTEGRITY. PEOPLE CONSIDERED FASCISTS OR COMMUNISTS BY 




THE AUTHORITIES ARE BANNED FROM MEMBERSHIP IN ANY PARTY. 
OTHER GROUPS PERMANENTLY BANNED FROM JOINING OR ACTIVELY 
PARTICIPATING IN POLITICAL PARTIES INCLUDE ACTIVE MEMBERS 
OF THE ARMED FORCES AND CERTAIN CATEGORIES OF CIVIL 
SERVANTS— A PROHIBITION BASED ON THE PRE-1980 
POLITICIZATION OF GOVERNMENT AND SECURITY STRUCTURES. 



THE CONSTITUTION GUARANTEES EQUAL POLITICAL RIGHTS FOR 
MEN AND WOMEN. TURKEY WAS ONE OF THE FIRST COUNTRIES TO 
GRANT WOMEN FULL AND EQUAL POLITICAL RIGHTS. THERE ARE 
12 WOMEN MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT, AND SEVERAL WOMEN HOLD 
IMPORTANT POSITIONS IN THE PARTY HIERARCHIES, ALTHOUGH 
THE 23-MEMBER CABINET HAS NO WOMEN MEMBERS AT PRESENT. 

MEMBERS OF MINORITIES, MUSLIM AND NON-MUSLIM, FACE NO 
LEGAL LIMITATIONS ON POLITICAL PARTICIPATION AS LONG AS 
THEY ACCEPT A TURKISH NATIONAL IDENTITY. KURDS WHO 
ACCEPT SUCH AN IDENTITY PLAY A SIZABLE ROLE IN TURKISH 
POLITICAL LIFE, AND SOME OP THEM ARE MEMBERS OP THE 
TURKISH PARLIAMENT. 



SECTION 4 GOVERNMENTAL ATTITUDE REGARDING INTERNATIONAL 
AND NONGOVERNMENTAL INVESTIGATIONS OF ALLEGED VIOLATIONS 
OF HUMAN RIOTTS 



THE GOVERNMENT PERMITTED VISITS BY FOREIGNERS TO DISCUSS 
HUMAN RIGHTS IN TURKEY DURING 1986, AND, IN MOST CASES, 
FACILITATED CONTACTS WITH BOTH OFFICIAL AND NONOFFICIAL 
VISITORS. ^VISITORS IN 1986 INCLUDED A DELEGATION FROM 



SSIREO 



•:*•:* :.: *'^GE:*tii.:*: i8 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 87STATE 038985 



PAGE 26 



STATE 038985 



THE EUROPEAN HELSINKI WATCH C0MMMSIO»,**TJ«*GEI»IAK*edci;^ 
DEMOCRATIC PARTY, A BRITISH-LED QUAKER GROUP, AND THE 
U.S. ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS AND 
HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS. AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL SENT NO 
OFFICIAL REQUEST FOR A VISIT TO TURKEY IN 1S86. 

THE ILO DID NOT PLACE THE SITUATION IN TURKEY ON ITS 
AGENDA IH 1986, GIVEN TURKISH GOVERNMENT COMMITMENTS 10 
EXPAND LABOR RIGHTS. THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE REMOVED 

TURKEY FROM ITS HUMAN RIGHTS AGENDA AFTER A FRIENDLY 
SETTLEMENT IN DECEMBER 1985 OF THE FIVE-NATION COMPLAINT 
AGAINST TURKEY IN THE EUROPEAN HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION. 
AS PART OF THAT SETTLEMENT, TURKEY UNDERTOOK TO PROVIDE 
REGULAR CONFIDENTIAL REPORTS AND PERMIT SITE VISITS, 
WHICH IT HAS DONE. 



IH JULY 1986, A NONGOVERNMENTAL HUMAN RIGHTS ASSOCIATION 
WAS PROVISIONALLY FORMED. IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LAW ON 
ASSOCIATIONS, IT SUBMITTED ITS CHARTER TO THE GOVERNMENT 
FOR APPROVAL. THE GOVERNMENT DID NOT APPROVE IT ON THE 



GROUNDS THAT THE AREAS OF THE ASSOCIATION'S INTEREST WERE 
MORE PROPERLY THE CONCERN OF THE GOVERNMENT. 
NEVERTHELESS, THE GROUP OPERATES LEGALLY PENDING 
RESUBMISSION OF ITS CHARTER AND HAS HELD PUBLIC MEETINGS 
WHERE HUMAN RIGHTS WERE DISCUSSED. THE SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC 
POPULIST PARTY ALSO HAS A HUMAN RIGHTS COMMITTEE, WHICH 
IS CURRENTLY PREPARING A REPORT ON THE RIGHTS SITUATION 
IN TURKEY. 

SECTION 5 DISCRIMINATION BASED ON RACE, SEX, RELIGION, 

LANGUAGE, OR SOCIAL STATUS 



PAGE 27 STATE 038985 

THE CONSTITUTION REGARDS ALL TURKISH CITIZENS AS TURKS 
AND PROHIBITS ANY DISCRIMINATION ON ETHNIC GROUNDS. IN 
THE LAUSANNE TREATY, THE TURKISH GOVERNMENT UNDERTOOK "TO 
ASSURE FULL AND COMPLETE PROTECTION OF LIFE AND LIBERTY 
TO ALL INHABITANTS OP TURKEY WITHOUT DISTINCTION OF 
BIRTH, NATIONALITY, LANGUAGE, RACE, OR ^ELIGION." AT THE 
SAME TIME, IT HAS BEEN THE POLICY OF TURKISH GOVERNMENTS 
FOR MANY YEARS TO SEEK ASSIMILATION OF INDIVIDUALS OF 
NON-TURKISH ETHNIC BACKGROUNDS INTO THE MAINSTREAM OF 
TURKISH SOCIETY AND CULTURE, OFTEN TO THE POINT OF 
FORCEFULLY DISCOURAGING MANIFESTATIONS OF ETHNIC 
DIFFERENCE. THE SIZE OF THESE COMMUNITIES HAS DECLINED 
STEADILY OVER THE YEARS. 

NON-MUSLIM MINORITY GROUPS CONTINUE TO COMPLAIN ABOUT 



• • i J Z • • • • 

*.• : " 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 87STATE 038985 



GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND PROCEDUREja RfAU^^T/NG JHE 

OPERATION OF COMMUNITY SCHOOLS, 1313 PiJarHAEE lUT) *SAI^; OFt.* 
COMMUNITY REAL ESTATE, THE ADMINIO^Rifl>f9M 5» Sl5lHaft..* I I 
PROPERTIES, AND THE ACTIVITIES OF PARISH COUNCILS. 
GOVERNMENT CLAIMS ON PROPERTY ENDOWED TO CHARITABLE 
KELIGIOUS ORGANIZATIONS ALSO CONTINUE TO BE A MAJOR 
CONCESK. 

THE POSITION OF THE MEMBERS OF THE SMALL ASSYRIAN 
CHRISTIAN COMMUNITY, CENTERED ON THE SOUTHEASTERN CITY OF 
MARDIM, HAS BECOME RATHER ISOLATED, AND MANY HAVE CHOSEN 
TO MOVE TO ISTANBUL OR ABROAD. 

TURKEY'S KURDS ARE CONCENTRATED IN THE ECONOMICALLY 
DISADVANTAGED SOUTHEAST. THERE ARE ALSO SIGNIFICANT 
CONCENTRATIONS OF KURDS ELSEWHERE, THE RESULT OF OTTOMAN 
SETTLEMENT POLICY AND MORE RECENT MIGRATION TO 
METROPOLITAN CENTERS. 



:JCiilSSIFiE 



THE GOVERNMENT IS TRYING TO QUELL AM ARMED KURDISH 
INSURGENCY OF GUERRILLAS BASED IN THE SOUTHEAST AND IN 




PAGE 28 STATE 038985 



NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES. THE FIVE PROVINCES REMAINING 



UNDER MARTIAL LAW ARE INHABITED PRIMARILY BY KURDS AND 
ARE ALSO THE CENTER OF THE INSURGENCY. MOST GOVERNMENT 
OFFICIALS AND MANY OPPOSITION FIGURES BLAME THE KURDISH 
INSURGENCY ON OUTSIDE INFLUENCES AND THE DEPRESSED 
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF SOUTHEAST ANATOLIA WHICH THE 
GOVERNMENT IS SEEKING TO REMEDY THROUGH LARGE-SCALE 
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS. 



KURDS MAY BE FOUND IN EVERY AREA OF TURKISH LIFE AND AT 
ALL LEVELS OP SOCIETY. BUT THE GOVERNMENT REMAINS 
ADAMANTLY OPPOSED TO ANY ASSERTION OF A KURDISH ETHNIC 
IDENTITY AND HAS TAKEN A NUMBER OF STEPS TO SUPPRESS IT. 
PUBLICATION OF BOOKS, NEWSPAPERS, AND ANY OTHER MATERIALS 
IN KURDISH IS FORBIDDEN, AS ARE BOOKS OR ANY OTHER 
MATERIALS IN TURKISH DEALING WITH KURDISH HISTORY, 
CULTURE, OR ETHNIC IDENTITY. USE OF THE KURDISH LANGUAGE 
IS NOT PERMITTED FOB ANY OFFICIAL PURPOSES, E.G., IN THE 
COURTS, NOR IS IT ALLOWED IN CERTAIN PRIVATE SITUATIONS 
SUCH AS RECEIVING VISITORS IN PRISON. 



TURKEY HAS LONG BEEN IN THE FOREFRONT OF NATIONS IN THE 
PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF WOMEN'S RIGHTS. WOMEN HAVE 
FULL SUFFRAGE AND EDUCATIONAL RIGHTS, HAVE ATTAINED HIGH 
OFFICE, AND ARE REPRESENTED, THOUGH NOT ALWAYS IN 
SIGNIFICANT NUMBERS, IN ALL PROFESSIONS AND 
INSTITUTIONS. WOMEN HAVE SERVED OR ARE CURRENTLY 
EMPLOYED AT THE RANK OF UNIVERSITY RECTOR AND DEAN, 

: : *!^GE:Njj. :*: 20 




TEXT OF TELEGRAM STSTATE 038985 



AMBASSADOR, POLITICAL PARTY VICE .gREjaiDgf^, AHP AgJH 

COLONEL. TURKISH BUSINESSWOMEN flLi5i:.SlGN2FlCftiSr*Bdlj:s: Oi 
MANY INDUSTRIES, AND A FEW SIT 0»«Tf»«BeftI?B3 feP Sern'oi" » 
TURKEY'S LARGEST PRIVATE FIRMS. FEMALE LAWYERS AMD 




PAGE 29 



STATE 038985 



JUDGES ARE NO RARITY, AND FEMALE DOCTORS ARE DOMINANT IN 
SOME SPECIALTIES. 



MONETHELESS, THE ROLE OF WOMEN IN SMALLER COMMUNITIES AND 
RURAL AREAS, ESPECIALLY IN THE EAST— AND INCREASINGLY IN 
THE URBAN COMMUNITIES INHABITED BY_MIGRANTS FROM THE 
VILLAGES— IS STILL DEFINED BY CENTURIES OF TRADITIONAL 
PRACTICE WHICH IS PATRIARCHAL AND DICTATES THE 
SUBORDINATION OF FEMALES TO MALES WITHIN THE FAMILY 
UNIT. MANY WOMEN AND GIRLS IN THE EAST ARE PARTIALLY OR 
FULLY VEILED, AND CERTAIN RELIGIOUS SECTS, HOW COMMON IN 
CITIES, ALSO PRACTICE THE VEILING OF WOMEN. PREVAILING 
SOCIAL OR CULTURAL VALUES MAKE IT DIFFICULT FOR SOME 
WOMEN TO RECEIVE PRIMARY OR SECONDARY EDUCATION OR TO 
PURSUE CAREERS OUTSIDE THE HOME. 



THE RIGHT OF INDIGENOUS MINORITY GROUPS TO USE THEIR OWN 
LANGUAGES IS LIMITED. ALTHOUGH THE LAUSANNE TREATY 

STATES THAT "NO iiESTRICTIONS SHALL BE IMPOSED ON THE FREE 
USE BY ANY TURKISH NATIONAL OF ANY LANGUAGE IN PRIVATE 
INTERCOURSE, IN COMMERCE, RELIGION, IN THE PRESS, OR IN 
PUBLICATIONS OF ANY KIND OR AT PUBLIC MEETINGS," THE 
CONSTITUTION STATES THAT THE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE OF THE 
COUNTRY IS TURKISH. ONE ARTICLE OF THE CONSTITUTION BANS 
DISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF LANGUAGE, WHILE OTHERS 
PROHIBIT THE PUBLIC USE OF "LANGUAGES PROHIBITED BY 
LAW." LEGISLATION PROHIBITING SPECIFIC LANGUAGES HAS 
NEVER BEEN ADOPTED, BUT TURKISH CITIZENS HAVE BEEN TRIED 
ON A VARIETY OF CHARGES RELATING TO THE USE OF KURDISH. 
IN 1986 PROVINCIAL OFFICIALS OF THE MAIN OPPOSITION PARTY 
WERE TRIED ON CHARGES THAT THEIR USE OF KURDISH AT PARTY 
HEADQUARTERS CONSTITUTED "PROPAGANDA DENIGRATING NATIONAL 
SENTIMENT." THEY WERE ACQUITTED. ALSO ACQUITTED WERE 
OFFICIALS OF THE STATE STATISTICAL INSTITUTE, WHO 
PREPARED A HANDBOOK FOR CENSUS OFFICIALS, DIRECTING THEM 



PAGE 30 STATE 038985 



TO ASK WHAT LANGUAGES ASIDE FROM TURKISH THE INTERVIEWEES 
SPOKE. THE CHARGES STATED THAT BY LISTING KURDISH 
ALONGSIDE SUCH "INTERNATIONAL" LANGUAGES AS ENGLISH, 
FRENCH, AND ARABIC, THE HANDBOOK CONSTITUTED PROPAGANDA 
DENIGRATING NATIONALIST SEMTIMENT. 

: .: : 'V'V *^=*E:Nf:.: : 2i 



TEXX OF TELEGRAM 87STATE 038985 



II 



THE GOVERNMENT HAS STATED THAT T^Ej ijMfMT JDF i-lls'Bp*^ j jtj! 

PUBLISHING IN KURDISH (AND ITS EfSCOURASEMEKT* OF • • •* 

LANGUAGES SUCH AS GEORGIAN AND LAZ) IS TO FOSTER TURKISH 
AS THE LANGUAGE OF ALL CITIZENS FOR ALL USES. THIS IS 
PART OF AN EFFORT TO INCULCATE IN ALL TURKISH CITIZENS A 
SENSE OF IDENTITY WITH THE TURKISH STATE AND NATION AS 
OPPOSED TO IDENTIFICATION WITH ANY PARTICULAR GROUPS 
WITHIN THE NATION, IN PRACTICE, THE SEVERITY OF 
RESTRICTIONS ON THE USE OF A MINORITY LANGUAGE APPEARS TO 
DEPEND ON THE PERCEIVED THREAT THE GROUP IN QUESTION 
PRESENTS TO THE INTEGRITY OF THE STATE. FOR EXAMPLE, 
WHILE THE GOVERNMENT FACES AN ARMED KURDISH INSURGENCY 
AND THEREFORE BELIEVES THE USE OF KURDISH FOSTERS 
SEPARATIST TENDENCIES, THE USE OF ARABIC, ABOUT WHICH 
THERE ARE NO SUCH CONCERNS, IS NOT SIMILARLY RESTRICTED. 

CONDITIONS OF LABOR 

t ■ 

THE CONSTITUTION GUARANTEES THE RIGHT TO REASONABLE 

CONDITIONS OF LABOR SUITED TO THE WORKER'S AGE, SEX, AND 
CAPACITY^ AND GRANTS THE RIGHT TO REST AND LEISURE AND A 
FAIR WAGE. THE LABOR LAW FORBIDS THE EMPLOYMENT OF 
CHILDREN UNDER 13 YEARS OF AGE AND RESTRICTS CHILDREN 
UNDER 15 TO "LIGHT WORK WHICH WILL NOT HARM THEIR HEALTH 
AND PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT, PREVENT THEIR ATTENDANCE AT 
OCCUPATIONAL TRAINING AND ORIENTATION PROGRAMS, OR THEIR 



PAGE 31 STATE 038985 

ABILITY TO BENEFIT FROM EDUCATION." CHILDREN BETWEEN 15 
AND 18 YEARS OP AGE HAY NOT BE EMPLOYED IN UNDERGROUND OR 
UNDERWATER WORK, NOR MAY THEY BE EMPLOYED AT NIGHT. 
GIRLS AND WOMEN MAY NOT BE EMPLOYED IN UNDERGROUND OR 
UNDERWATER WORK, BUT, IF OVER THE AGE OF 18, KAY WORK 
NIGHT SHIFTS UNDER CONDITIONS SPECIFIED JOINTLY BY THE 
MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL WELFARE AND THE MINISTRY OF 
INDUSTRY AND COMMERCE. A BOARD COMPOSED OF GOVERNMENT, 
PRIVATE SECTOR, AND LABOR REPRESENTATIVES ESTABLISHES 
NATIONAL MINIMUM WAGES FOR THE AGRICULTURAL AMD 
NONAGRICULTURAL SECTORS. THE LABOR l^V PROVIDES FOR A 7 
1/2-HOUR DAY AND A 45-HOJIR WORKWEEK. * 

IN SPITE OF CONSTITUTIONAL GUARANTEES, SPECIFIC LEGAL 
REQUIREMENTS, AND LABOR UNION EFFORTS, A CONSIDERABLE GAP 
REMAINS BETWEEN SOCIAL GOALS AND THE REALITY OF 
OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY LEVELS. TRADE UNIONS HAVE 
REPEATEDLY COMPLAINED THAT EXISTING REGULATIONS GOVERNING 
HEALTH, SAFETY, AND WORKING CONDITIONS ARE NOT ADEQUATELY 
ENFORCED. OUTSIDE THE INDUSTRIALIZED SECTOR, WHERE 
UNIONS EXERCISE CONSIDERABLE INFLUENCE, LEGAL 
RESTRICTIONS ARE GENERALLY IGNORED, 

22 




icussra 



, BOTH ON OCCUPATIONAL 

: : i •:*•:* :.: tei«3.: : 



TEXT OF TELEGBML S7STATE 038985 



HEALTH AND SAFETY AND ON CHILD AVE) ^AXf .EHFI.OYHfVI'S. 

• • •« • « • • * to 



I 



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iCUSSIRED 

: I : :.: 'Vgs'mo.:*: 23 





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HfliCOriERC iiaOMHi ii; FlKiivii;^' PI ii.ic^riiinr. lo ihe cia;ii. 
our UA^ OAiiACED •> r» r.KOuiii! Fii;r ui leiiiiio :AEri> at 
siiinAi'. vnHOiii ca-.iiuiii'.. 

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JinEHBASSY OnnASC'j: 
'AHCONSl'i ISftNBOL 

AUCOKSia !;niR 

ADAKA illi 
E.G. i;3S6: DCCl: OAOD 

lAGS: PUS, PIER, PREL, EPEI. KPRP. TU, \1, TR 
SUBJECI: KURDS AIIACK lURKISH lAKhER TRUCKS III IRAQ 

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P-K PAIE III Slirr«PA6666 COHfrOEHTICl ADAIIA 3U3 

ItAJDP IKCIOENI HE VAS AVARE OF IH ALnQil ;i.'0 'EARS. 



J. AGREED IHAT IMIS IS IKE FIRST TIME IIJ 

ABOyI A YfAR THAI SUCH AH INCICEK' HAD OCCURRED AND AiTRIfl- 
UirO IT in PARI TO SEVERE UINIER UEAIHEB 0R|»'HC niLIIANIS OU t 
OF THE HUES, STIIL, «£ AEIOE D TdnT II COULD RE PART OF 4 HEU 
KURDISH SEPARATIST STRATEGY lit FOCUSSUC OR TRADE ROUTES nllO 
ECOIIOniC 1AR0ETS AIID SUCCEiIEO InnT II lilGHI HAVE BEEN UHDER- 
MAEd AT tRA(f! REHtST IK tltdl OF IM RECENT FIARE-l'P Of IRE 
IRAN -IRAQ UAR. 

F»l: HAItri^ JlElltvr THAI IRAN HAD PREVIOUSLY 

.OROCREO TlirrniinERGES'iio'^ TO OlSRUrl IHIS TRAFFIC FOR FEnR OF. 
CONPl ICAIIHG IRAN'S RELA1I0NS WITH TURKEY. END FYI, 

I. CONHENT: IBANSIT truck IRAPFIC is in'CRtANI TQ IimnE» AND 
•ITAl TO IRAQ. OMER 5, COO VEKICLES CROSS iKE EORDEB DAIlt AT 

HABUf t«o mi ntjoni]' of rwst are tankef rRiiCkS vmcK carry 

IRAOI EXPORTS or REflllED rETPOLEull PROOUdS AMD CRUDE Oil. tBE 
GOT IH UNIIKEK 10 TOLERATE ANY S'GHIFICANI OlSRUPIION OF IRIS 




THIS IS A SPOl SEPOIII SUenilTEO in ACCOROANCE UIIH THE 
niSSIOH RtPDRIlNO FLAN. 

3. SUnilARY: ON nr.RCH 3 r.UIHllSH SEPARATISIS At'ACKEO SEVEN 
TURKISH lANkER IRUIr.S, tURNIHC TUO AND HIILIKG ONE ORirCR, 
KEAR TfC lUUmSH tOUOlD in »!?RINEtll IRAO TRUCl. URIVERS COt- 
PLAINED 10 THE PRE:: OF HAZARDOUS SECURIIY CO»0>IIOir> IN IRnO 
MlllE IIIDUSIRY SOUPCES REPORI THAT IIAIURS ARE illlOER CEiHIROI 
AND TRIiCk LOSSES AFE RAKE. A ilGNIFICANI DISRUPIiON OF IHE 
KEAVV IRAHSIT IRUCH IRAFflC. nOSI OF II PE 1 ROLCun-PElAlEO, 
«OULO RE A SEfllO'i; PR061E11 FOR BOIh lURKEt AtlD IBAO. fUIUBF 

attack; on Tua«t-.H ibuckinc coulo fobce ihe cot ic unoebiahf 

CROSS-PORDER REItllAIDfit AlB SIRIKES AGAINST KURDISH SlBONIi- 
HOLO; IN NORIHEBII IBAO. END iUWlABt. 

». ACCOBDIMG 10 IHE HARCH S ILIRHISH PREJS mi EBIS BEfPRTS. 
SEVEk 1UBHi;h IAVRER IBUCKS CAPflTIHl, CRUOE OIL UERi ATlACKEn 
BY KURDISH tEPARATlCl nillTAWlS BETWEEN iAHHO AfiD OO-UIH JUSi 
INSIDE THE IRAOI SCRCEB CN nuRLH 3. IHE AlTACHFBS BEPORIEDI 
BURNED IVO OF iHt IANkER: AND PILLED ONE OF IKE DRIVER 



PACE PS RllFTUPtI,eBii: CONFIOEHIIAl ADAHA BUS 
IRAFFtC. FAILURE 10 REACT COULD ALSO ENCOURAGE IHC PUROISH 
SEPARAtlSTi TO AITACh AN EVEN nOR[ inPORIAIlT REGIONAL ECOIIOmC 
lARCfT, I»E lUSIOSN-IRAOl fill PlfUlve. WICN IRRBSPORIS ft 
nitllOII lOllS/YEAR or IRAOI CRUDE TO IHE lURKISH PORT OF 
YUMUFIAIIK HEAR CDAHA. IF IHCIOErllS LIKE IHIS sRE RtPtAirO, 
VE WOULD HOT BE SURPRISED 10 SEE IHE GOT UHDERTAkf CROSS-BORDER 
AIR STRIKES INSIDE IR^. THE GOT LAST AlIACKFD KURDISH S'ROHC- 
HOLDS IH IRtO on NARtll «, 1S37, In RETALIflllON FOR A KURDISH 
RAID ON A VIlLAGf IN rOUlHF.AlIERN lUBKET WHERE l< UEPF HIIIED 
AHO FOB IHE KlONAPPIHf. OF A lURKISH ENCINEER IN IR.AO. EIIO 
conns N I 



9. RAGHOaO: 
KENNEDY 



mNinilC COHilDERED. 



ATUnPIED RESISTANCE. PRESS SOURCES DESCRIBED THE AIUCXCJ 



?EPARTMENT OF STATE 



I ) REL£AS£ 

PAGE B3 RuriWAHSf COHFIDENTIAL AOANA 6119 , 3£ilTE Hoi 

•S -PESHItERCES- BUt DID HOT IDEHIIFY InC KURDISH GCOUP «II(Ijia c^^snpi u. il. 
VNICH IHE A'lAChlBJ VERT AFFILIATED. SILOFI SOBtC»E»NO« t,^ £»em[)llonB 
HUSEYIK SEZGIH REPORTEDLY TRAI/fLLED TO IHE HABOR BOEOEf CROSS- 
ING FO HIET VIIH HIS IRaOl COUNIERPaRTS CDNCERNIRG INIS INCI- 
DENT. 



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5, lUFKISK DRIVERS, ACCORDING 10 •niLllVEI" OF rABCH 5, CLAIH 
IHAT ICE ZAKHC-nOSlH ROnD IS LARGELY UNDER IHt COHTBOL Of 
KURDISH niLlIANIi (HO THAI AIUCKS ARE FREGUENI. IHE BOM IS 
CLOSED AT NIGHT. AdD SOMETinES IBAFriC IS HALTEIi FOB hOuBS «t 
-GOVERNMENT ROAOOIOCHS. IHE OBIVIRS CALLED ON OIIICIAIS ID lAxE 

inncoiAiE niASURts lo sfcure the area. 



.HE IRAHJPDRI BUSINESS ABE NOI OVIRH 



COSI?RNEO B» IHi; IKCTOEnT. HOVtlU. ALTHOLiGH IHEY AOnll IHnl 
PREVIOUS AI'ACKS HtvE OCCURRED. \;. ,^NcSf5 iJaI 



IN SIX year:: he hao never lo^t a irijch anq cor^ 
1HAI IIANY DRIVER] OH THIS ROUTE ARE KURDISH. 



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aneksassv athens 
auconsul {siansul 
amconsul ui1ir 

AnEHBASSr NICOSIA 
USNISSION USNA70 
AKEnSASSV CAIRO 
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UKCIAS ANKARA 03034 

USINFO FOR a/SNEA/EU 

E.O. 123Se: N/A 

TAGS: PREl, POOV, SCON, NATO, PHUIt. EEC, US, EG, TU 
SUBJECT: TURKISH PRESS REVIEW: HARCN 3. 



1. .NATO 

OZAL URtES ATTENTION TO NATO FIANK COUNTRIES: 
All DAILIES REPORT THAT Pn TURGUT OZAl RENINOED 
ALLIES IK BRUSSELS OF THE NATO PRINCIPLE THAT AN 
ATTACK ACAINST ONE KEnBER SHOULD BE REGARDED AS 
AN ATTACK ON THE ENTIRE NATO COMMUNITY. 
'TURKISH OAILV NEWS' QUOTES OZAL AS ASKING 
nEHBER STATES NOT TO IGKORE THE SOUTHERN FLANK 
COUNTRIES WEN STRENGTHENING THE CONVENTIONAL 
FORCES OF MA70. ACCORDING TO 'TERCUhAN,' OZAL 
URSEO ALLIES THAT STEPS TAKEN IN ARMS CONTROL 
SHOULD MEET THE DEFENSE AND SECURITV 
REQUIREMENTS OF AIL ALLIES, AND NATO SHOULD BE 
DECISIVE WEN DEALING UITH TNE SOVIETS REGARDING 
ARNS-CONTROl ISSUES. ■COniURiyET- REPORTS THAT 
OZAl OIPLOllATlCAlLy EXPLAINED THAT TURKEY WAS . 
OPPOSED TO ASSUniRG NEW NUCLEAR NISSIONS AND 
THAT IT WANTED AH EVALUATION .OF IWOERNIZING 
TACTICAL NUCLEAR WEAPONS -WITHIN' A REASONABLE 
TINE FRAME. 

REAGAN NOT TO PRESS ON OEPLOyMENT OF NEW 
SNORF-SANGf fflSSIlESr 'NULUfT- REPORTS THAT 
PRESIDENT REAGAN HAS DECIDED NOT TO APPLV 
PRESSURE ON ALLIED COUNTRIES TO DEPLOY NEW \ \ 
SHORT-RANGE niSSIlES. *,S 



EC 



EC LEASERS URGE TURKEY tO PLAY A MORE ACTIVE 
ROLE IN GUIF: 'TERCUHAIf REPORTS THAT EC 
ICAOCRS TOLD PN OIAl THAT A HORE ACTIVE TURKISH 
ROLE IN GULF PEACE INITIATIVES WOUIO CONTRIBUTE 
TO IMPROVED TORRtSH-EC RELATIONS. 

KOHL ASKS OZAL NOT TO RUSH FULL EC ICnBERSHIP: 
'HIlllYET' REPORTS THAT DURING DISCUSSIONS WITH 
Pn OZAl IN BRUSSELS FRG CHANCELLOR HELMUT KOHL, 
FONMIN HANS DIETRICH GEKSCUER, AND HEAD OF THE 
EC COWISSION IN CHARGE OF MEDITERRANEAN AFFAIRS 
CLAUDE CHEYSSON ADVISED TURKEY NOT TO RUSK FOR 
EC FULL HEnBERSHIP. 



I. U. S. 

TURKISH FINANCE DELEGATION DISCUSSES FnS 
PAYHENTS IK WASHINGTON: 'CUHHURIYET' REPORTS 
THAT THE FIRST ROUND OF TALKS ON REPAYNENT OF 
TURKEY'S FHS DESTS ENDED IN WASHINGTON. THE 
TURKISH OflEGATIDH REPORTEDLY ASKED THE U.S. TO 
CLARIFY THE PROCESS FOR REPAYING TURKEY'S FNS 
DEBTS. 

JUDICIARY DELEGATION DISCUSSES HUMAN RIGHTS 
REPORT WITH SCHIFIER: "HURRIYET' REPORTS THAT 
SENIOR TURKISH JUDGES AND MAGISTRATES VISITING 
THE U.S. DISCUSSED THE U. S. HUHAN RIGHTS REPORT 



AND TURKEY'S HANDLING OF THE KURDISH ISSUE WITH 
ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS 
RICHARD SCHIFTER. THE OAILV WRITES THE 
DELEGATION OBJECTED TO THE REPORT "BECAUSE IT 
WAS BASED ON DISINFORHATION. ■ -HURRIYET' AISO 
HENTIONED THAT SCHIFTER SAID INSTANCES OF 
TORTURE DESCRIBED IN THE. HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT 
WERE BASED ON TURKISH PRESS ACCOUNTS. SCHIFIER 
ALSO NASE CLEAR THE INPORTANCE THE U.S. ATTACHED 
TO TURRtY'S TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY. 

SHP MOTION ON DECA SIDE LETTER: 'CUMHURIYET' 
REPORTS THAT THE SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC POPULIST 
PARTY <SHP1 SUBMITTEO A MOTION TO THE PARLIAMENT 
ASKING FOR A PARLIAMENTARY DEBATE ON THE 
RATIFICATION OF THE DECA SIDE LETTER. 
MEANWHILE, FORMES FOREIGN AND DEFENSE MINISTER 
HASAN ESAT ISIK TELLS 'CUKHURIYET* THAT THE 
GOVERNNENT RATIFIED THE SIDE LETTER DESPITE THE 
-UNFAVORABLE BEHAVIOR' OF THE U.S. 
ADNINISTRAIION. ISIK OPINES THAT FINANCIAL 
DIFFI'CUITIES FORCED OZAl TO ENDORSE THE AGREEHENT. 

U.S. IHVOLVENENT IN LABOR AFFAIRS: ACCORDING TO 
'■'OUNRVDIH,- ANBASSADOH ROBERT STRAUSZ-HUPE 
DENAHDCD A BDIIFIHG FROM NIHISTER DF LABOR IMREN 
RYKVt'DN CURRENT STUDIES OF LABOR lEGISLATjON. 
THE AHBASSADOR IS SAID TO HAVE WARNED AYKOT THAT 
TURKISH TEXTILE EXPORTS TO THE U.S. WOULD BE 
NEGATIVELY AFFECTED IF U.S. VIEWS WERE HOI TAKEN 
INTO CONSIDERATION IN PREPARING HEW 

i£Gis:Ar(ON. I* SEPir, nymr is Rcpomo lo 

•H(jE50ftf jH^!w)ts'slon«*WAT THE U.S. DID NOt 

,l^t«lg^ ENOtGH TEjint fSo&cts from turkey, and 

THEHEFORE fl (IAElffi*OIF?ft£NCE IF THE U.S. 
APPLIED AN EHBARGO. 



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PAGE 82 Of 02 ANKAIl* 83024 08 Of 8.1 BjiSStl 



KM 



CHRISTtKK SCIENCE nOIIITOR: TURKISH VIILACES IN 
' SULGAmil UNOEII SrEGE: 'CUIWURIIIET- OUOTES THE 

nni-oFFiciM. >itAroii«N neus agency as saving ■ 

THAT • COARESPONDENT FOR THE -CHRISTIAK SCIENCE 
IHMIIIM* COUIO WT Km VILLAGES IK aULGARIA 
POPUIATEO Br THE TURKISH HIHORITT. THE DAILY 
NOTES THAI, CONTRARr TO OFFICIAL AHNOUNCEITENIS, 
TURKISH POPUIATED VILLAGES MERE STill IIDDEA SIEGE. 

U.S. DRUG REPORT 0ESCI1I8ES TURKEY AS TRANSIT 
COUNTRY: -COIIHUmYET- WRITES THAT 4 DRUG 
ENFQRCEnENT AGENO REPORT PRESERTED [0 CONGRESS 
OESCfllSy TURKEY AS A ■tBUG TRANSIT COUNTRY." 
THE REPORT ALSO PBAISEO TURKISH HEASURES TAKEN 
TA PREVEUT ILLE&AL onitG PRODUCT lOH. 



4. E6YPT 

TURKISH-EGrPT JOINT EXERCISES: "CUHHURIYET' 
OUOTES NFA SPOKESMAN IflAL 6ATU AS SAYING THAT 
rURXISH-EGYPT JOtHI NAVAL EXERCISES UILL NOT 
TARGET ANT COOKTRr. 



S. DOHESTIC AFFAIRS 



SUP, OTP CRITICIZE fRICC KIKES: ALL DAILIES 
REP0J7 IHkl OPPOiniOH LEAOESS CSIflCIZEO RECEKf 
PRICE KIKES. SHP LEADER ERGAL IHOIW REPORTEDLY 
SAIO 'THE TURKISH PEOPLE DON- T HAVE THE STRENGTH 
TO SURVIVE,' MNILE DYP LEADER SULEYKAK DEIIIREL 
SAID PRICES UERE SPIRAL ING "LIKE AN UNSTOPPABLE 
CHAIN OF FIRE.' 

RIOTS AT BUCA PRISON: 'HURRlyET' AND 'GUNES' 
KEPOItt THAI IWUIES AT THE tWA PRISON IN llmR 
RIOTED HARCK 2 TO fmi!T THE DECISION TO 
TflAHSFER PRISONERS ON A SIX-DAY HUMOER STRIKE TO 
OTHER PRISONS. THE RIOT WAS BROUGHT UllDER 
CONTROL LATER THAI SAME OAY. SIRAUSE-HUPE 




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UNCLASSIFIED 



HBC n K n STATE 



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INFO AKIWASSV SDUSSEIS 

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BEIK REPEATED FOR UA INFO: . 

awrf; UNCUS STATE 



FOR SHEBflAN HiNSDN 



E.O. 123S6: 

TAGS: 

SUBJECT: 



N/A 

PHUn, TU 

HUMAN RIGHTS REPOIIT FOR TURKEY 



REF: HINSON/BARR TELCON 2/22/18 

1. Kt Kt FOLLOWING IS HUNAN RIGHTS REPORT ON TURXET 
FOR 19t;. 

2. TURKEY IS A REPUBLIC VI TH A NULTIPARTY PARI lAHEHTARY 
SrSTEH AAO A SrSONO PRESIDENCr. IK 1!«7 TMHU WmVlS 
A RETURN TO « FULL FUllCTIONINO OEHOCRACY. A REFERENOUtI, 

■PASSEIJ ON SEPTEHEEA 6, RESIDRED «LL POLITICAL RIGHTS TO 
THOSE FORHER POLITICIANS UHO HAD SEEN SANNED FROII 
POLITICS BY A PROVISIONAL AfiTIClE OF TKE 19SJ 
CONSTITUTIOtl. ALL CHARGES AGAINST THE FORHERLY BANNED 
POLITICIANS FOR ACTIVITIES PRIOR 10 THE REFERENBUH WERE 
OROPPED, PBIfie (IINISTER TOROUT tSUL CALLED FOR EARLY 
NATIONAL ELECTIONS UHICH TOOK PLACE ON NOVEMBER 23. 
TNESE IffSE IKE FIRST NATIONAL EIFCTIONS SINCE 1S88 TO 
INCLUDE AIL PROHIDENT POLITICAL LEADERS. PRIKE HINISTER 
DEAL'S nOTHERlANO PARTY WON THE ELECTIONS FROD A FIELD OF 
SEVEN LEGAL POLITICAL PARTIES. THE TURKISH NATIONAL 
POLICE IN THE CITIES AND THE JANDARHA IN THE COUNTRVSlOE 
ARE RESPONSIIIE FOR NAINTAIHIHG PUBLIC ORDER. OK JUIT 

IS, THE GOVERIWENI IIFTEB MAATIAl LAW IN THE LAST PIKE 
PROVINCES WHERE IT HAD BEEN IK EFFECT. AT PRESENT NINE 
PROVINCES IISTANBUl, PLUS EIGHT PROVINCES IN THE 
SOUTHEAST VHERE THE GOVERNtlEKT FACES ARtlED KURDISH 
GUERRILLAS! REI1AIN UriOER A STATE OF EMERGENCy, VHICH 
EflfOKERS THEIR CIVILIAN GOVERNORS TO EXERCISE SOflE OF 
THE POWERS OF MARTIAL LAV COMMANDERS. IN AOOITION, A 
SPECIAHV EMPOVERED -SUPERCOVEaNOR" 

OVERSEES AND COORDINATES TKE ACTIOtlS OF 12 GOVERNORS IN 
SOUTHEASTERN TURKEY (INCLUDING IKE I SOUTHEASTERN 
PROVINCES UNDER THE STATE OF EMERGENCY!. 



SINCE tSlI TURKEY HAS SEEN HOVING FROM A CLOSED ECONOnY, 
DOHINATED BY THE STATE SECTOR, TO A FREE HAIKET, EXPORT- 
ORIENTED ICmitl. ALTHOUGH THE RATES DF INFLATION AND 
UNEnPlOYIIENT ARE STILL NIGH, THE ECONOiT UNDER THE 
tiOVERNXENT'S STRUCTURAL ADJUSTIIENT PROSRAII HAS HADE 
SUBSTANTIAL ADVANCES. IN APRIL .TURKEY APPLIED FO(«FUAk 
ICflBERSHIP IH THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC COimUNITY.. ! ! . 



PROSRESS IN THE OBSERVANCE OF HUHAN RIGHTS CONTINOEO 
1917. THE END OF HARTIAL LAV IN JULY 19S7, THE LIFTING 
OF POLITICAL BANS IN THE SEPTEDBER REFERENOUH, AND 
RECENT COURT RULINGS REMOVED MANY RESTRAINTS ON FREEDOM 
OF THE PRESS. IN JANUARY l!lE COVERNMENT RECOGNIZED, IN 
PRINCIPLE, THE RIGHT OF TURKISH CI Tl TENS TO APPEAL TO 
THE EUROPEAN HUMAN RIGHTS COtmiSSION, ALTHOUGH IT HAS 
YET TO APPROVE APPEALS TO THE EUROPEAN HUMAN RIGHTS 
COURT, WHOSE OECISIONS ARE BINDING. IN JANUARY 13SS, 
TURKEY SIGNED THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE ICOEl COHVENTION FOR 
THE PREVENTION OF TORTURE AND INHUMAN OR OEGRAOIKG 
TREATIiENT AND ANNOUKCEO ITS INTENTION TO SIGN A SiKILAS 
U.N. ACREEIIENT. BY SIGNING, TKE GOVERNKENT Of TURKEY, 
FOR ;«£ FIRST TIK, ACCEPTED 

OFFICIAL OUTSIDE nONITORING OF PLACES OF DETENTION, A 
STEP HUNAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATIONS HAD LONG BEEN 
ADVOCATING. APPLICATION FOR NEItBERSHIP IN THE EUROPEAN^ 
COMmiNITY HAS PROVIDED AN AODITIONAl INPETUS FOR t 
BRINGING HUKAH RIGHTS PRACTICES INTO CONFORHITY WITH 
GENERAL WESTERN EUROPEAN NORMS. 

THE GOVERHMENT PROSECUTED MANY PERSONS ACCUSED OF 
TORTURING DETAINEES. INCREASED PENALTIES FOR TORTURE 
HAVE BEEN INCORPORATED INTO THE PROPOSED REVISION OF T E 
PENAL CODE. THE GOVERNMENT IS ALSO IMPROVING PRISON 
CONDITIONS BY BUILDING HEU FACILITIES AND RESPONDING Tl 
PRISONER OEMANOS. KOUEVER, DESPITE THE GOVERNMENT';.^ 
EFFORTS TO DATE, SERIOUS AND REPEATED IDCIDEIKES OF % 
TORTURE CONTINUE TO BE REPORTED. 

SOME ItlNORITY PROBLENS PERSIST. THE CONSTITUTION 
REGARDS AIL CITIZENS AS TURKS BUT, EXCEPT FOR THE ^ 
SPECIAL STATUS GRANTED TO NON-NUSLIH MINORITIES BY THE 
TREATY OF LAUSANNE 11923) , TURKEY DOES NOT lEGAllY _ 
RECOGNIZE TRE EXISTENCE. OF ETNNIC DIKORiriES. S 

TRADE UNIONS AND ASSOCIATIONS ARE PROHIBITED BY THE 1312 . 
CONSTITUTION AND THE LAW ON ASSOCIATIONS FROM ENGAG|R«1^ ; 
IN POLITICAL ACTIVITIES OR HAVING ORGANIC LINKS OR TIE_s', 
WITH POLITICAL PARTIES. I 




/r 



B - 



RESPECT FOR NUKAN RISNTS 



INTEGRITY OF THE PERSON, 



SECTION 1 RESPECT FOR TRE 
INCLUDING FREEDOn FROM: 

- A. POLITICAL HILLING 

t- 

TNERE WERE NO ACCUSATIONS OF POLITICAllY flOTIMTEO 
KILLINGS BY GOVERNHENT FORCES IN IM7. A TERRORIST ^ 
■OHBINS IN ISTANBUL DURING OCTOBER KILLED ONE PERSON. ^ 
ALSO, AN ATTACK ON A POLICE STATION IN ISTANBUL IN Z 
AUGUST RESULTED IN THE DEATH OF ONE POIICEHAN. % 

. H 

ce. 

— 8. DISAPPEARANCE < 

CL 
Ui 

THERE WERE NO KNCUN DISAPPEARANCES CAUSED BY GOVERNHE)!? 
FORCES. 



« > ^l E 6— 
" ^ -J 41 a>^ 

vc S itl -.3 

111 Q n ^ 
— — u. a_ 



- C. TORTURE AND OTHER 
TREATMENT OR PUNISHMENT 



CRUEL, INHUMAN, OR DEGRADING 



IN JANUART IS3S, TURKEY SIGNED TNE COUNCIL OF EUROPE 
(COEI CONVENTION FOR THE PREVENTION OF TORTURE AND 
INNUIMN OR DEGRADING TREATMENT AND ANNOUNCED ITS 
INTENTION TO SIGN A SIMILAR U.fl. AGREEMENT. ACCESSION 
TO THE'COE CONVENTION ALLOWS AN INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE 

♦ •• JIHO^MpBtlPfT/flti^BJllS^ALL PLACES OF DETENTION 

• ll>OLI(K«»TATI0{S, C}'lFS"'S'''t MILITARY PRISONS, AND 

I ..'«!*«TAi*«ospir*f$i»irr«in'Tifitr followinc wt/fication of 



UNCLASSIFIED ^ , , 



. UNCLASSIF 
Deparimen-i 

^- • • » « 



ED 



PAGE n OF B7 STATE eS<33S 
THE VISIT TO THE GOVERNnENT OF TURKEY. IK ANNOUNCING 
ITS INTENTION TO -SIGN THE COE CONVENTION, THE GOVERNMENT 
STRESSED THE SERIOUSNESS OF TURKEY'S DESIRE TO ERADICATE 
TORTURE. 

ALTHOUGH THE CONSTITUTION STATES THAT 'NO ONE SNAIL IE 

SUBJECTED TO TORTURe OR ILL-TREATHENT INCOKPATIBLE , WITH 

HunflN oioNirr,- Turkish pouticiaks, the turkisk press, 

AND OUTSIDE KONITORIHO CROUPS HAVE REPEATEDLY ASSERTED 

" THAT PSISOHERS ARE SUBJECT TO nlSTREAiriENT AND TORTURE 
DURING miTIAl INTERROGATION OR inPRISONMENT. IN ITS 
SEPTEI11ER U!7 F-ILE ON TORTURE, AHIIESTY- INTERNATIONAL 
CNANGEO THAT TORTURE WAS 'UIDESPREAD' AND -SVSTEKAT I C, ' 
CLAiniNG THAT "ALItOST 4 YEARS AFTER A CIVILIAN 
GOVERNMENT CANE TO POWER IN NOVERBER 19S3, NO EFFECTIVE 
HEASURES HAVE DEEN TAKEN TO PREVENT TORTURE.' THE 
AIWESTY FILE INCIUOEO ACCOUNTS OF TORTURE HETHODS, 
CENTERS OF TORTURE, SEXUAL ABUSE, AND DEATH IN CUSTODY. 
HELSINKI VATCH IN ITS LATEST REPORT CONCLUDED THAT 
■TORTURE IS STILL PRACTIC£D IN TURKEY DM A LARGE 
SCALE.- IT ALSO STATED, HOWEVER, THAI ABUSE OR TORTURE 
IN PRISONS, APART FROM THE IKTITIAL DETENTION PERIOD, 

. HAS .SUBSTANTIALLY DECREASED. 

SOnE ASSERTIONS OF TORTURE COIICERN TREATMENT THAT COULD 
BE DEFINED AS POLICE BRUTALITY, SUCH AS ROUGH HANDLING . 
BY POLICE OFFICIALS AIKED AT INTiniOATING A SUSPECT OR j 
PRISONER OR RESULTING FRON PERSONAL AlllltOSITY. IN OTHER 
CASES THE niSTREATMENT APPEARS TO INVOLVE SYSTEHATIC 
TORTURE. NEARLY ALL OF THE NUNEROUS ASSERTIONS HAVE 
DERIVED FROH TREATHEKT DURING INITIAL PERIODS OF 
INCOnnuNICADO DETENTION, BEFORE CHARGES HERE FILED AND 
ICFORE THE ACCUSED WAS ABLE TO CONTACT AN ATTORNEY. 
HANV CASES WERE OOCUtlENTEO BY NEDICAL EVIDENCE. GREATER 
FREEOOn OF THE PRESS HAS YIELDED EXTENSIVE COVERAGE IN 
TURKEY OF SUCH INSTANCES OF TORTURE, INCLUDING PHOTOS OF 
VICTIMS, DESCRIPTIONS OF HETHODS, AND SK£TCNE$ OF 
PREMISES WHERE TORTURE IS SAID TO HAVE TAKEN PLACE. 

EVEN BEFORE SIGNING THE COE CONVENTION, THE GOVERNNENT 
HAD CONOEflNEO TORTURE AHD EXPRESSED ITS DETERniNAHON TO 
ERADICATE IT BY PRONPT AHD SEVERE PUNISHMENT Of 
OFFENDERS. FOLIOUING THE flOVEHBER ELECTIONS, THE NEVIY 
APPOINTED DIRECTOR GENERAL OF SECURITY, WHO SERVES AS 
HEAD OF THE TURKISH NATIONAL POLICE, 

FLATLY CONDEMNED THE PRACTICE OF TORTURE AND PLEDGED TO 
ERADICATE IT. THE GOVERNMENT HAS MADE EFFORTS TO 
INVESTIGATE ASSERTIONS OF TORTURE AND TO PROSECUTE THE 
VFENDERS. ALTHOUGH ACCURATE FIGURES FOR THE NUMBER OF 
INVESTIGATIONS AND PROSECUTIONS ARE NOT AVAILAILE. THE 
PRESS CONTINUES TO REPORT SENTENCES OF THOSE CONVICTED 
OF TORTURE. FOR EXAMPLE, IN OCTOBER, FDLIDVING A 
JUDICIAL MEDICAL BOARD'S DETERMINATION THAT A PRISONER 
IN BINGOL OIEO AS THE RESULT OF TORTURE, THE GOVERNMENT 
OPENED A CASE AGAINST A NUMBER OF MILITARY PERSONNEL, 
INCLUDING ONE OFFICER. THIS SAKE OFFICER WAS LAYER 
CONVICTED OF TORTURE IN A SEPARATE CASE. NONETHELESS, 
'ibTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATIONS CONTINUE TO 

MAINTAIN THAT MAHY ASSERTIONS OF TORTURE ARE HOT FULLY 
INVESTIGATED AND THAT SOME CONVICTED OFFENDERS CONTINUE 
TO CARRY OUT THEIR OFFICIAL DUTIES EVEN WHILE THEIR 
CASES ARE tElNG APPEALED. 

HUMAN RIGHTS ADVOCATES BOTH IN AND OUTSIDE OF TURKEY, 
INCLUDING 

THE TURKISH BAR ASSOCIATION, HAVE SUGGESTED THAT4NE ^ I 
MOST EFFECTIVE WAV TO PREVENT TORTURE ON ASSERt!oii» Of ♦ J \ *\ 
TORTURE I'S ID ALLOW LAWYERS ACCESS TO PRISON£Rsll*»lN««« • ••• 



OUTGOING 

, . , , TELEGRAM 

••♦ • • •• JftTE • ef4396 • 
THE INITIAL PERIOD OF DETENTION. SUCH ACCESS IS BEING 
CONSIDERED AMONG PROPOSED REVISIONS TO THE CRIMINAL 
CODE. THE REVISED CRIMINAL CODE, IF ADOPTED, WOULD ALSO 
INCREASE THE PUNISHMENT FOR TORTURE. THE CDIREHT 
CRiniKAL CODE CATEGORIZE^ MURDER BY TORTURE'AS 
MANSLAUGHTER AHD PUNISHES IT WITH AH S-YEAR SENTENCE. 
PENALTIES FOR TORTURE WHICH DOES HOT RESULT IN DEATH 
RANGE FROM 3 TO S YEARS. ' IN 19SE THE PARLIAMENT 
DEFEATED A BILL WHICH WLO HAVE INCREASED THIS PENALTY 
TO A RAHGE OF S TO ID YEARS, THE HEV CRIMINAL CODE 
WOULD INCREASE THE PENALTY FOR MURDER BY TORTURE TO UP 
TO 16 YEARS. 

IN AUGUST, FOLLOWING WIDESPREAD HUHGER STRIKES BY 
PRISONERS AND PARALLEL DEhONSTRATIOUS BY THEIR FRIENDS 
AHD RELATIVES OUTSIDE THE PRISONS, TURKISH REPORTERS 
WERE PERMITTED FOR .THE FIRST TIME TO VISIT PRISONS AND 
TO REPORT EXTENSIVELY ON PRISON 
CONDITIONS. AS A RESULT OF THIS PRESS ATTENTION, 
CONDITIONS IN HAHY PRISONS APPEAR TO HAVE IMPROVED. THE 
GOVERNMENT HAS RESPONDED TO MANY PRISONER DEMANDS AND 
HAS BEEN BUILDING NEW PRISONS 10 IMPROVE LIVING 
CDHDiriOHS. THE MINISTER OF JUSTICE CLAIMED IN 
SEPTEMBER THAI PRISON CONDITIONS HAD IMPROVED 
ORAKAIICALLY IN THE LAST SYEARS WITH THE ESTABLISHMENT 
OF 33 NEW PLACES OF DETENTION. HOWEVER. BECAUSE OF ITS 
RELATIVE UNDERDEVELOPMENT, MOST PUBLIC FACILITIES IN 
TURKEY, INCLUDING PRISONS, ARE STILL SUBSTANDARD WHEN 
JUDGED AGAINST THOSE Of MANY DEVELOPED COUNTRIES. 

" D. ARBITRARY ARREST, DETENTION, EXILE, OR FORCED 
LABOR 

EXCEPT IN LIMITED CIRCUMSTANCES, SUCH AS WHEN A PERSON 
IS CAUGHT IN THE ACT OF COMMITTING A CRIME, A JUDGE MUST 
ISSUE A DETENTION WARRANT TO THE PROSECUTOR IF A 
PRISONER IS TO BE INCARCERATED. THE POLICE OR PUBLIC 
PROSECUTOR, HOWEVER. CAN HOLD PERSONS TAKEN INTO CUSTDOV 
INCOMMUNICADO AND WITHOUT CHARGE FOR UP TO'24 HOURS. BY 

COURT ORDER, THE PERIOD OF INCOMMUNICADO DETENTION HAY 
- BE EXTENDED TO IS DAYS. IN CASES OF "OFFENSES COMniTTED 
COLLECTIVELY- BY THREE OR MORE PERSONS, DETENTION 
WITHOUT CHARGE FOR UP TO IS DAYS IS PERMITTED WITHOUT 
COURT ORDER. 

IN THE NINE PROVINCES UNDER A STATE OF EHCRGEHCY, THE 
GOVERNOR (OR SUPERGOVERNOR) MAY AUTHORIZE DETENTION OF A 
PERSON FOR UP TO 3D DAYS WITHOUT CHARGE. UNDER . 
EMERGENCY RULE, AUTHORITIES 00 NOT NEED WARRANTS TO 
DETAIN SUSPECTS. ONCE IN FORMAL CUSTODY, A DETAINEE IS 
TAKEN BEFORE A PUBLIC PROSECUTOR TO BE INFORMED OF 
PENDING CHARGES. IF THE PROSECUTOR DECIDES TO PURSUE 
. THE CASE, THE DETAINEE IS ARRAIGNED BEFORE A JUDGE AND 
SUBSEOUENTLV ALLOWED 10 RETAIN A LAWYER. 

PARLIAHEHT IN ISSG DEFEATED A BILL REOUIRING HIMEDIATE 
ACCESS TO A LAWYER. A PROPOSED REVISION Of THE CRIMINAL 
CODE UNDER WHICH A PERSON, UPON BEING DETAINED, WOULD 
HAVE THE RIGHT TO OBTAIN A LAWYER IS STILL UNDER 
DISCUSSION. A DETAINEE DOES NOT HAVE A RIGHT OF SAIL; 
THE ARRAIGHIHG JUDGE, HOWEVER, MAY RELEASE THE ACCUSED 
ON PROVISIONAL .LIBERT* ON PRESENTATION OF AN APPROPRIATE 
GUARANTEE, OR ORDER HIM HELD IN PREVENTIVE OETEliTION IF 
THE COURT DETERNIHES THAT HE MAY FLEE OR DESTROY 
EVIDENCE. THE CONSTITUTION SPECIFIES THE RIGHT OF 
DETAINEE^ TJ)^^E<gVI.¥{EDY.«:NCLUSION OF ARRAIGNMENT 

,"JiS jVSt. IWALL {A^J, JhS AUTHORITIES MAY HOLD A 
*• oC'WlSE^'lNCOMnui^ljN^O^IIIIIygTHE PRESCRIIEO TIME LIMITS 

** fUllL h1 is charged or RELEASED. ACCORDING TO THE 



UNCLASSIFIED 



41NCLASSIFIED 



OUTGOING 
.lELEGRAM 



PME n OF 17 STATE JS439« 

POIICE POUEIS «CT OF 19Ti, A OCTAtDEE'S IIEXT OF KIN IWST 

mmaiT be notified -in the shortest tine.' 

ON AJ>IIIL IS, me PAnilAtlENT passed a lav RESCINDINC a. 
PROVISIOH of the execution OF SEIITEKCES ACT OF 1386 THAT 
PElmiTTED TltSKISH JUDICIAL AUTHORITIES TO IHFOSE 

sextences of ■secuditt observation,' known connoNiy as 

INTCRNAl EXILE. 

TNt CONSTITUTION mONIBITS FORCED LABOR, AND THERE IS 
NONE IN PRACTICE. 



STATE 094396 
niNISIERS, THEN BY PXRIIAKENT, AND FINALLY NT THE 
PRESIDENT. 

AVARABIE' EVIDENCE SUCOESTS THAT KURDISH-SPEAKINC 
DEFEHOAKTS STANDIKC TRIAL iV THE SOUTHEAST OFTEN SUFFER 
FROn HAVINC DHLT A PARTIAL, OR IK SOHE CASES TOTAL, LACK 
OF FAnlLIARITT WITH TURKISN, THE OFFICIAL AND ONLY 
LANCUACE PERK.ITTED IN COHHUNICATION WITH ATTORNEYS OR 
JUDICIAL OFFICIALS. ALTHOUGH TRANSLATORS ARE PERNITTED, 
THE OUALITV OF THE TRANSLATIONS FROn KURDISH INTO 
TURKISH IS REPORTEDLY POOR. 



-- E. DENIAL OF FAIR PUBLIC TRjAL 

DEFENDANTS KORHALIV HAVE THE RIGHT TO AN OPEN TRIAL. IN 
SOtlE TRIALS, SUCH AS THOSE HELO IN niLITARV PRISONS OR 

oti.jmiTARy coifPWHDS, nirnms or the pubdchust seek 

PERMISSION TO ATTEND, EUT SUCH PERMISSION -IS RCIfTINElr 

CRANTED. AITHDUCH TURKEY IS PREDOnlNANTir nUSLIII, ITS 
COURT SYSTEd AND JUDICIAL PROCEDURES ARE MODELED OH THE 
ITALIAN (CRIHINAll AND SVISS ICIVIll LAW CODES. AS IN 
HANY OTHER CIVIL LAV COUNTRIES, TRIALS IN WHICH LAYIIAN 
JURIES RENDER VERDICTS DO NOT FORN PART OF THE TURKISH 
JUDIflAL SYSTEK. 

THE CONSTITUTION DECLARES THAT JUDGES SHALL BE 
INDEPENDENT IN THE DISCHARGE OF THEIR DUTIES AND 
PROVIDES FOR THEIR SECURE TENURE. IT ALSO PROHIBITS 
AUTHORITIES FROn CIVING ORDCRS OF; REcannENOAnoNS 70 
JUDGES COHCERNING JHt EXERCISE OF JUDICIAL POUER. THE 
INDEPENDENCE OF THE JUDICIARY UAS DEnONSTRATED UHEN THE 

coNsriruTiWfAL comr scciASio ukcohstitutiow t«o 

PROVISIONS OF THE ISiS POLICE POUERS ACT VHICH WERE 
WIDELY CONSIDERED TO BE OPPRESSIVE. COURTS HAVE ALSO 
ACOUITTED HANY DEFEHDAHTS IH CASES INVOLVING FREEDOM OF' 
EXPRESSION. 

PUBLIC PROSECUTORS ARE ALSO INDEPENDENT; TO PURSUE A 
CASE IS THEIR DECISION ALONE. IT IS THEY WHO DETERHINE . 
WHETHER TO PURSUE INVESTIGATIONS OF ASSERTIONS OF 
TORTURE. THE SUPREME COUNCIL OF JUDGES AND PUBLIC 
PROSECUTORS, APPOINTED BY THE PRESIDENT AND INCLUDINC 
THE MINISTER OF JUSTICE, SELECTS JUDGES AND PROSECUTORS 
FOR THE HIGHER COURTS AND OVERSEES THOSE OF THE LOVER 
COURTS. 

ALL DEFEHDAHTS ACCUSED OF TERSCfllSII Cfi OTHER OFFENSES 
AGAIXST THE SECUSITT Of 7ȣ STAFf, tULlliOIXt OSUO 
SmJOBLIHO, ARE TRIED IN OKE OF EIGHT STATE SECURITY 
COURTS. THE JUDGES IN THESE COUfTS OBSERVE THE SAHE 
STANDARDS OF EVIDENCE AS JUDGES PRESIDING OVER REGULAR 
CIVILIAN COURTS. THREE JUDGES PTES IDE OVER STATE 
SECURITY COURTS: A CIVILIAN JUOCL AS CHAIRI1AH, ONE 
ADDITIONAL CIVILIAN JUDGE, AND ONE niLITARV JUDGE. 
CIVILIAN AND SECURITY COURTS GENERAILT CONDUCT TRIALS 
UNDER THE SANE RULES OF PROCEDURE, BASED ON THE 
CONSTITUTION AND EMERGENCY LAV REGULATIONS. 



ESTIMATES OF THETIUHBfU OF POLnTCAr>RTSl)NERS'HEL0 IH ' 

TURKISH JAILS VARY mmY, ocnHDim an m source m 

THE SOURCE'S OEFINITION OF POLITICAL PRISONER. THE 
GOVERNHEHT denies THaTIT holds any political PRISONERS 

BUT POINTS OUT imr »m firsoks have been ihpr/soneo 

FOR TERRORIST ACTS OR FOR OTHER CRIMES COndlTTED IN THE 
COURSE OF PURSUING OSTENSIBLY POLITICAL 
GOALS DURING THE ISTU'S. HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATIONS 
BELIEVE THAT IIANV PEOPLE HAV^ BEEN IMPRISONED UNDER 
STATUTES PROSCRIBING "MEnSERSHIP IN ILLEGAL' 
ORGANiZATIDNS,' PROHIBITING PROPAGANDA AIMED AT 
PROnOTING THE HEGEMONY OF ONE CLASS OR ETHNIC GROUP, AND 
ADVOCATING THE ESTABl I SHHENT OF AN ISLAMIC STATE. THEY 
ESTIMATE THAT PERSONS CURRENTLY IMPRISDNED FDR 
NONVIOLENT ACTIVITY UNDER THESE STATUTES NUMBER SEVERAL 
HUNDRED. 

— F. ARSITRARf INTERFERENCE WITH PRIVACY, FAMILY, 
HOME, OR CORRESPONDENCE' 

T«E cowsriTunoN provides rm rn£ iNvioiAoaiTr of a 

PERSON'S DOMICILE AND- THE PRIVACY OF CORRESPONDENCE AND 
COMMUNICATION. ENTRY BY GOVERNnENT OFFICIALS INTO A 
PRIVATE RESIDENCE AKD INTERCEPTION OR MONITORING OF 
PRIVATE CORRESPONDENCE ARE PERMITTED ONLY UPON ISSUANCE 
OF A JUDICIAL HARRANT. 

IN THE NINE PROVINCES STILL UNDER STATE-0F-EI1ERGENCY 
LAM, HDVEVER, THE GOVERNOR (OR SUPERGDVERNOR) NAY 
EMPOUER AUTHORITIES TO SEARCH RESIDENCES OR THE PREMISES 
DP POLITICAL PARTIES, SUSINESSES, ASSOCIATIONS, AHD 
OTHER ORGANIZATIONS VITHOUT 08TAINING A WARRANT. THEY 
NAY ALSO SEARCH, HOLD, OR SEIZE VITHOUT WARRANT PERSONS, 
lemUS, TElEGRirlS, AND OOCUMENTS. 

G. VIOLATIONS Of HUMANITARIAN LAV IN ARMED CONFLICTS 

SINCE AUGUST 19S4, THE GOVERNMENT HAS FACED IN 
SOUTHEASTERN TURKEY AH INCREASINGLY BLOODY CAMPAIGN OF 
VIOLENCE CARRIED OUT BY KURDISH GUERRILLA GROUPS 
RESIDENT BOTH IK TURKEY AND SEVERAL 

NEARBY COUNTRIES, WHOSE PROFESSED Aid IS TO ESTABLISH AN 
INDEPENDENT KURDISH STATE— INCORPORATING PARTS OF 
PRESENI-DAV TURKEY, IRAO, AND IRAN— BY DESTABILIZING THE 
CENTRAL TURKISH GOVERNMENT. ARMEO KURDISH REBELS IN 
TURKEY RECEIVE SUBSTANTIAL OUTSIDE SUPPORT AND HATERIEl. 



A CDNVICTIDH OR ACOUITTAL IN EITFER SYSTEM MAY BE 
APPEALED. IF AH APPEALS COURT OVERTURNS A LOWER CDURT'.S 
GUILTY VERDICT, THE CASE IS SENT SACK TO' THE lOMER COO»T 
FOR RECONSIDERATION. IF THE LOUtR COURT INSISTS ON ITS 
ORIGINAL VERDICT, THE CASE IS REIURNED TO THE APPEALS 
<OURT fOJ! A SIHOIW OPINION. IN SOME CASES, 
PARTICULARLY CAPITAL CASES, APPEALS TO THE SUPREME COURT 
OR TO THE HIGH COURT OF MIliTARY APPEALS ARE HANDIVRI** 
AHD AUTOMATIC. IF A DEATH SENTEICE IS C0NFIRnED*B1l2 ,\ 

AN APPEALS COURT, IT MUST BE APPFOVED BY THE COUNCIL OF 



GUERRILLA ATTACKS APPEAR TO HAVE INCREASED IH BOTH 

NUMBER AND GEOGRAPHIC EXTEHT IN I9S7. RECENT CHANGES IN 

GUERRILLA TAcriCS 
. INCLUDE THE FORMATION OF LARGER BANDS FOR ARMED ATTACKS, 

STRIKES AT 'THE ECONOMIC AND TRANSPORTATION 

INFRASTRUCTURE Of THE REGION, AND SSUTAL, 

TERRORIST-STYLE MASSACRES CF VILLAGERS, 
••MAN« Of 1[IE*WJII11*^rig: U<fftN AND CHILDREN. 
( *« • * ** I I 

.•wt*AlT»e'!;S BY«U»M«fHK 0F«THE mahxist-ohiented 

KURDISH WORKERS' party (PKKI , THE MAIN INSURGENT GROUP, 



UNCLASSIFIED 



UNCLASSIFIED 



OUTGO ING 



Denai 



irtniem 

PAGE S4 OF 81 STATE 854336 

ON SOVEBNHEKT AND CIVILIAN TABGEIS HAS RESUITED l« AT 

lEAsr saj cfKtiAM AKo tiiinm oeatks. a rmmsH paper 

IK JUir RCrORTED THE 3-yEAI! DEATH TOU AT 71S, OF UNICH 

2U KK CIVIIIANS, NOSTIV VOnEK AKD CHILDREN. tS9 . 

nillTAHY PERSONHEL, AND 167 tVEDRILlAS. THEIIC HAVE lEEN 

lOOITIONAl HILLIHCS, PARTICUIARLY OF CIVIIIMS, 
. SINCE THEH. DESPITE IMJOR NUITARV OPCRATKMi ACAINST 
1 THE PKK, tUERRlUA ACTIVITIES CONTIIIUE ID IIAIIr HEHOTE 

AM RELATIVELY INACCESSIBLE PARTS Of THE SOUTHEAST. 

' TURKISH nimm of parliakemt, international hukan 

RICHTS GROUPS, ANO THE TURKISH PRESS HAVE RAISED 
QUESTIONS CONCERNING ACTIVITIES BV SECURITY FORCES IN 
SOUTHEASTERN TURKEY. REPORTEDLY, FAnllY nEhBERS OF 
SUSPECTED TERRORISTS HAVE BEEN ABUSED OR TORTURED TO 
OrAIN tNFORIIAIION ABOUT IKE TERRORISTS' UNEREABOUTS. 
IN SOUE CASES, THE POPULATIONS OF EHTIRE VILLAGES HAVE 
lEEN QUEsnOHEB OR EVEN aETAINED. IN OTHER CASES, - 
VILLAGERS SUSPECTED OF PROVIDING FCOd TO TERRORISTS HAVE 
lEEN CHARGED VI TH AIDING THE SEPARATISTS. 



SECTION 2 DESrCCT FOR CIVIL IINERTIES, INCLUDIN6: 
" A. FNEEDON OF SPEECH AND PRESS 

POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS AND COURT RULINGS HAVE RErlOVEO 
HOST RESTRAINTS ON FREEDOM OF THE PRESS. THE CRIKIKAL 
CODE, HOWEVER, PROHIBITS SPEECH OR WRITINGS CONSIDERED 
THREATENING TO STATE SECURITY AND THE 0EI10CRATIC SYSTEH 
Of GOVERNMENT. THE PROSCRIPTION APPLIES TO ADVOCACY OF 
CLASS OR RACIAL OOniNATIDN (E.G., COnnUNISn OR FASCISM), 
THE ESTABLISKMENI OF A THEOCRATIC STATE (E.G., ISIAIIIC 
FUNOAnENTALISH), OR THE CREATION OF A SEPARATE STATE OH 
ETHNIC I IRES (E.G., KURDISH SEPARATISM. THESE 
PROVISIONS ARE LONGSTANDING, DATING FROH THE ERRIV DAYS 
or THE TURNISN REPUBLIC. 

THE TURKISH PRESS IS ROBUST AND VIGOROUS. IT IS 
PRIVATELY OWNED AND REFLECTS A WIDE RANGE Of POLITICAL 
VIEKS. THERE IS NO ■GOVERNMENT" PAPER; TO A GREATER OR 
LESSER EXTENT, ALL NEWSPAPERS PRESENT OPPOSITION VIEWS. 
FURTHEBHORE, THE RECEHT TREND IN JUDICIAL RULINGS 
AFFECr/NG fSEEOim OF THE PRESS HAS SEES CONSISTENTLY IN 
FAVOR OF MORE FREEDOM DESPITE STILL EXISTING STATUTORY 
RESTRICTIONS. NEVERTHELESS, THE POSSIBILITY OF 
PROSECUTION PROIASLY INDUCES SONE CAUTION B1 TNE PRESS 
IN. ITS SELECTION OF SUBJECT HATTER FOR REPORTING. 

mKISH RADIO AKO TELEVISIOK (TSV IS A COVESNflENT 
HONOPOLY. OPPOSITION LEADERS COHPIAHI THAT IT IS BIASED 
TOWARD THE GOVERNNENT IN ITS COVERAGE, ALTHOUGH ALL 

ruTics HERE PERwirrEB n present miR views mm m 

NOVEHIER ELECTION CANPAIGN. WORKS OF CERTAIN LEFTIST 
AND KURDISH PERFORNERS AND WRITERS ARE RELIABLY REPORTED 
r« RE RANNEO FRON tllOADCASr ON TNT FOR POLITICAL OX 
CULTURAL REASONS. ' 

~ I. FREEOON or. KmrVL ASSEnSlV AND ASSOCIAriON 

PEACEFUL ASSEMBLIES ARE PERMITTED UITH PRIOR PERMISSION ■ 
FROM TKE AWTNORITiES. SUCH RtOI/ESTS ARE GEnfRALLK 
GRANTED. ACCORDING TO CURRENT REGULATIONS, MARCHING 
ROUTES, RALLY AREAS, CROWD DISPERSION ROUTES. AND POSTE» 
HANGING LOCATIONS ARE TO BE FIXED fOR £AC« CITY EVERY 
JANUARY. THE GOVERNMENT ALIQVEO POLITICAL RALLIES 
DURING THE REFEREIIDUn CANPAIGN AND DID NOT INTERFERE 
WITH THE POLITICAL CAWAI0NIN6 FOR THE NOVEIflER ^, ,,, 
PARLIAHENTAR* ELECTIONS. 1 ! .i 



• ^•* « • ft *• 

STATE BS4396 

CONCERN. OVER THE INVOLVEMENT OF SOME ASSOCIATIONS IN THE 
POtlTICAl VIOltXCE PRECEOING THE MILITARY UnEBUHJIOH 
OF 19SB, PROHIBITS ASSOCIATIONS FROM HAVING TIES TO 
POLITICAL PARTIES OR ENGAGING IN POLITICAL ACTIVITY. 



THE 1AU.-0N ASSOCIATIONS, WHICH REFLECTED COVERNMENT 



ASSOCIATION ACTIVITY IS CLOSELY KONITORED BY THE 
GOVERNKENT. ASSOCIATIONS NUST SUBMIT THEIR CHARTERS FOR 
THE APPROVAL OF GOVERNNENT AUTHORITIES BEFORE THEY ARE 
ALLOWED TO FORK. TURKEY'S HUNAN RIGHTS ASSOCIATION, 
F0RI1ED IN JULY ISBS, DID NOT RECEIVE PERNISSION TO 
OPERATE AS A LECAL ASSOCIATION UNTIL 1 YEAR LATER, 
ALTHOUGH IT WAS ABLE TO HOLD NEETINGS AND SEItlNARS IN 
THE INTERIM. 

AS A REACTION TO THE UNIVERSITIES' INVOLVEMENT IN 
PRE-I9S8 VIOLENCE, THE CONSTITUTION AND THE POLITICAL 
PARTIES LAW PROSCRIBE STUDENT AND FACULTY INVOLVEMENT IN 
POLITICAL ACTIVITIES. POLITICAL PARTIES ARE FORBIDDEN 
TO rORH YOUTH BRANCHES. STUDENTS MUST OBTAIN THEIR 
UNIVERSITY RECTOR'S PERMISSION BEFORE JOINING AN 
ASSOCIATION. AFTER STUDENT PROTESTS, THE GOVERNIIENT 
WITHDREW IN APRIL A PROPOSED ANENOISHT 
TO THE HIGHER EDUCATION ACT WHICH WOULD HAVE LIHITED 
STUDENT ASSOCIATIDNS TO ONE PER UNIVERSITY CAIiPUS. 
NEVERTHELESS, 143 STUDENTS WHO PROTESTED THE DRAFT LAV 
VENT ON TRIAL FOR UnlAUFUl 
ASSEKBIY. THIS TRIAL IS STILL GOING ON. OF 
APPflOXinATELV m FACULTY MEMBERS DISMISSED UNDER 
MARTIAL LAV REGULATIONS--AS MANY AS l.SBB RESIGNED OF 
THEIR OWN WILL EITHER OUT OF DISAGREEMENT WITH THE 
MILITARY INTERVENTION OR FOR OTHER,, MAINLY ECONOMIC, 
REASOHS--A NUMBER HAVE PETITIONED FOR REINSTATEMENT, AND 
Af LEAST ONE PROFESSOR HAS BEEN REINSTATED FOLLOUINt A 
COURT DECISION IN HIS FAVOR. 

NEKBERSHIP IN, OR ACTIVITIES RELATED TO, AN ORGANIZATION 
ASVOCATINC THE ESTABL ISHNENT OF A SYSTEN OF GOVERNNENT 
RASED OH CLASS E.G., CDMNUNIST ORGANIIATIOHI ARE 
ILLEGAL UNDER TURKISH LAV. AUTHORITIES DETAINED FOUR 
PERSONS .IN OCTOBER AND ARRAIGNED IHEH ON CHARGES OF 
lEING ACTIVE NEIIBERS OF THE REVOLUTIONARY PEOPLE'S 
UNION, WHICH IS CLAINEO TO BE SUCH AN ORGANIZATION. 

TRADE UNIONS AND CONFEOERATIOKS WHICH CONTINUED TO 
OPERATE UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF THE 1933 LABOR LAW HAVE 
BEEN AtlOWED TO ORGANIZE VORXPtACES fREElY AHO TO ENCAGE 
IN COLLECTIVE BARGAINING. ALTHOUGH ONLY A SMALL 
PERCENTAGE OF TURKEY'S TOTAL WORK FORCE Of SOME 16 
MILLION IS ORCANITEO, OVER 61 PERCENT Of INOUSTRIAl IZEO . 
WORKERS ARE UNION MEMBERS COVERED BY COLLECTIVE 
BARGAINING AGREEMENTS. AS A RESULT, UNIONS HAVE A 
SJCNIFICANT INPACI ON TNE EC0NOHY, ESPfCIJllY ON ITS 
WORK RULES AND WAGE STRUCTURE. THE lUi COLLECTIVE 
BARGAINING, STRIKE, AND LOCH-OUT LAW STRICTLY 

REGULATES THE BARGAINING PROCESS AND NAKES STRIKES 
OUTSIDE TNE COLLECTIVE BAROAINING PROCESS (GENERAL 
STRINES, POLITICAL STRIKES, AND SOLIDARITY STRIKES) 
ILLEGAL. UNIONS ARE ARLE TO REPRESENT THEIR NENBERS, 
ENGAGE IN COLLECTIVE BARGAIHIHG, AND RESPOND TO THEIR 
HeiaiKS- INTERESTS. 

UNDER MARTIAL LAV, THE ACTIVITIES OF TRADE UNIONS AND 
CONFEDERATIONS WERE SEVERELY iESTSiai!!. 
NOTWITHSTANDING THE LIFTING OF MARTIAL LAV, POLITICAL 
ACTIVITY BY TRADE UNIONS IS BANNED BY IKE CONSTITUTION, 
• T|% L(V<N4tt«)C«ArilirK< ANRJt'HE TRADE UNION LAW. 
tl«IOHSf}N ThSirETiSaUK MIINER ENDORSE CAHDIDATES AND 

>{4iftifl^1loR MftE^XmluritiS to their campaigns. 
NEVERTKELESS, THE TURKISX COKrEDEtATtON OF LABOR, 



UNCLASSIFIED 



UNCLASSIFIED 



Departmmdf, ^gigl i !• 



OUTGOING 



rilGE n OF 07 STATE BtlSf 

Tvu-is, vail CMPAieHEO uainst the svLm hothesland 

PARTV BOTH III THE 1916 BYEIECTIONS AND THE 1.917 

pmiAiteinAiir fifcnow. tsaoe umjon wriviry m 

DEFENSE OF UOnKCSS' SOCIAL AND ECONQHIC INTERESTS IS-NOT 
BEOARDED AS POIITICAI. ACTII/IIY. THE UNIONS HAVE TAKEN 
AOVANTACE OF THAT DISTINCTION TO tlOUNT STRENUOUS PUBLIC 
CAnPAICNS ACAINST VARIOUS COVERNnENT POLICIES AND TO 
108BV COVERKnENT AND OPPOSITION PARL lAMENTARIANS IN 
SUPPORT OF LABOR POSITIONS. 



true isaas 
mm\» » mm's nmn mm to 'freedoh of 

CONSCIENCE, RElltlOttS BELIEF, AND CONVICTION' AND PUBLIC 
PNOSEtTTIIINC OF ANT KIND, SINCE OTTOmN T)«ES, 
PERSONAL IDENTITY IN TURKISH SOCIETY HAS CORRELATED VITN 
REIICION, THE 1923 TREATY* OF LAUSANNE DEFINES 
NINOfliTIESACCORDIMC TO RELIGION, AND PERSONAL IDENTITY 
IS STRl LAR<iEiy SYNONYtlOUS UITH REIISIOUS IDENTITY EVEN 
IN THE nODERN SECULAR TURKISH STATE. PROSELYTIIATION IS 
THEREFORE POllTtCALLY SENSITIVE. 



THESE CAWAIGNS INCLUDED CONTINUING EFFORTS TO PERSUADE 
THE PMUIAtCKT TO BRING THE LAWS RESTRICTINO UNION 
ACTIVITY INTO NANHOKY UIIN RELEVANT INTERNATIDNAl LABOR 
ORGANIZATION (ILO) CONVENTIONS. A NARCH U ■KARCN ON 
PDRIIRHENT- VAS PREVENTED BY THE POLICE, UNO CHAR6E0 
THAT TURK-IS HAD NOT APPLIED FOR • PARADE PERflll. 

A OECENBER t98« COURT DECISION ORDERED IKE PERMANENT 
CLOSING OF DISK (CONFEDERATION OF REVOLUTIONARY TRADE 
UNIONS), WHOSE ACTIVITIES ktRE SUSPENDEC UNOES mUntL 
LAW FOLLOWING THE isSO MILITARY TAKEOVER. THE TRIAL IS 
IN THE APPEALS STAGE. THE ORGANIZATION AND ITS FUNDS 
REMAIN UNDER THE CONTROL OF COURT- 

APPgiNTED TRUSTEES. THREE FORNER LEADERS OF DISK WERE 
ELECTED TO PARLIAHENT IN NDVEHSER. THE PEACE 
ASSOCIATION TRIALS ARE ALSO AT THE APPEALS STAGE, AND- 

ALL OEFEmAiirs m mt <m bail. 

TURKISH GOVERNNENT, UNION, AND EtlPLOYER REPRESENTATIVES 
PARTICIPATE FULLY IN THE ACTIVITIES OF THE ILO. THE 
LARGEST CONFEDERATION, TURK-IS, IS AN AFFILIATE OF THE 
INTERNATIONAL CONFEDERATION OF FREE TRADE UNIONS 
I1CFTUI; nOST TURK-IS nEHSER UNIONS ARE AFFILIATED WITH 
TKEIR «£SPEcri« (NTERNATtONAL TRADE SECRETARIATS. 

THE GOVERNncNt OF TURKEY WAS ELECTED A DEPUTY NEMBER OF 
THE ILO GOVERNING EOOY IN 1937. 

THE ANERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR AND CONCRESS OF 
INDUSTRIAL ORSANIIATIONS lAFL-CIO) HAS ALLEGED THAT INE 
TURKISH WORKERS- CONSIITUIIONAL RICHI TO ORGANIZE IS 
HAMPERED BY THE LAIOR CODE AND BY GOVERNnENT AND 
EHPIOTER POLICIES AND PRACTICES, THAI THE RIGHT TO 
STJItXE IS NfAVUY ENCUNBERED, AND THAT OBSERVANCE OF 
HINIHAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS IS LAX. THE 
MINISTER OF LABOR HAS ANNOUNCED THAT THE GOVERNUCNT IS 
PREPARINfi VECISLATION WHICH WILL ADDRESS SOHE OF THE 
WORKER RIGHTS ISSUES RAISED BY. THE AFL-CIO AND OTHERS. 
THE NEW lEtlSlATION REPORTEDLY WILL NOOIFY OR ELIMINATE 
SOKE RESTRICTIONS PLACED ON TRADE UNIONS, EXCESSIVE 
SOVESN/IENT OKIfSIGNT Of VKIOHS, ANO SESUIATIONS 
AFFECTING THEIR FREE CHOICE OF OFFICERS. NEW 
LEGISLATION WOULD ALSO ADDRESS THE RIGHT OF CIVIL 
SERVANTS AND TEACHERS TO ORGANIZE, AS WELL AS THE STRICT 
REQUIRENENIS A UNION CURRENTLY NUST SATISFY IN ORDER TO 
BECDNE A BARGAINING AGENT. 

— C. FRCEOOn OF RELfSION 

THE QVERWHELI1ING MAJORITY OF TURKS ARE SUNN I MUSLIllS. 
'ALEVIS,- ADHERENTS OF DIFFERENT HETERODOX VARIETIES OF 
SHIMSn, CONSTITUTE FROM 10 TO 19 PERCENT OF THE 
POPUIATION. THERE ME ALSO VARIOUS SMALL CHRISTIAN 
RELIGIOUS CROUPS, AND A SMALL JEWISH COMMUNITY. 

TURKISH eOVERHMENTS SINCE THE FOUNDING OF' THE REPUBLIC 
HAVE REGARDED SECULARISM AS AN ESSENTIAL ATTRI^UT^ Or*)t * 

JIODERN, WESTERN-STYIE OEflOCSATIC SYSTEH, AW) TIJ J J 
CONSTITUTION PROCLAIMS It TO BE A BASIC CHARACTE«PST«I»» • 
OF THE STATE. ACCORDINGLY IT DISTINGUISHES CAREFULLY 



UNDER THE CDNSTITUTtON, -INSTRUCTION IN RELIGIOUS 
CULTURE MD nORAl EDUCATION- IN ACCORDANCE WITH A 
STATE-PREPAREO CIIRRICtllUH IS COflPUtSORY FOR AL-L 
'STUDENTS. THE EDUCATION MINISTRY CONFIRMED IN I9IS THAT 

NON-nOSllHS UOUlO HAVE TO ATTEND CLASSES IN GENERAL 
RELIGIOUS IKSTRUCTtON BUT WOULD BE EXCUSED FROM THE 
-PRACTICAL- SECTIONS, WHICH INCLUDE MEMQRIZATIOH OF 
KORANIC VERSES AND INSTRUCTIONS IN PRAYER. THE 
COURSES— 2 MOURS PER VEEN— ^R£ TAUGHT BY LAY TEACHERS. 
EXTRACURRICULAR KORAN COURSES USING GOVERNMENT-APPROVED 
TEXTS ARE PERMITTED. THE GOVERNMENT HAS CLOSED KORAN 
COURSES RVN lY FUNDAMENTALIST SECTS TEACHING A MORE 
RADICAL IRMO OF ISLAM. 

AMONG OTHER RELIGIOUS GROUPS, SMALL NUneERS OF ARMENIAN 
ORTNOOOX AND ARMENIAN CATHOLIC, CREEK OUTHOCOX AND SREEK 
CATHOLIC, BULGARIAN ORTHODOX, ROMAN CATHOLIC, SYRIAN AND 
ASSYRIAN CKRISriAN, CHALDEAN UNIAIES, PROTESTANTS, AND 
JEWISH BELIEVERS ARE FOUND IN TURKEY, PRIMARILY IN 
ISTANBUL. IN ADDITION TO THE TURKISH CONSTITUTION, THE 
TREATY OF LAUSANNE GUARANTEES THE RIGHTS OF THE 
NON-MUSLIM MINORITIES. THESE GROUPS OPERATE CHURCHES, 
MONASTERIES, SYNAGOGUES, SCHOOIS (WHERE SrODENTS MAY BE 
TAUGHT IN THEIR OWN LANGUAGE!, AND CHARITABLE RELIGIOUS 
FOUNDATIONS SUCH AS HOSPITALS AND ORPHANAGES. 

NON-MUSLIM MINORITY GROUPS HAVE REPEATEDLY COMPLAINED 
ABOUT GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND PROCEDURES CONCERNING THE 
OPERATION OF COMMUNITY SCHOOIS, THE FORMATION OF PARISH 
COUNCILS, AND THE REGISTRATION AND REPAIR OF CHURCH 
PROPERTY. GOVERNMENT RESTRICTIONS ON THE TRANSFER OF 
PROPERTY TO RELIGIOUS CHARITABLE ORGANIZATIONS IS ALSO A 
MATTER OF CONTENTION. 

THE GOVERNMENT HAS RECENTLY TAKEN STEPS TO RESOLVE 
SEVERAL ISSUES OF CONCERN TO NON-MUSLIM GROUPS. IT 
GRANTED PERMISSION TO THE CREEK ORTHODOX PATRIARCHATE IN 
APRIL 1917 TO REBIIUD ITS ADMINISTRATION BUILDING, 
DESTROYED BY FIRE IN 1941. IT INCREASED THE VALUE OF 
REPAIRS VHICH CAN BE flAOE VIINOVT mOR AUTHORIZATION TO 
HISTORICAL BUILDINGS, THEREBY REMOVING ANOTHER ISSUE W 
CONTENTION. IT PERMITTED THE FREE CIRCULATION OF 
. BIBLES. HOWEVER, IT HAS HOT YET GRANTED PERMISSION TO 
BUILD CHURCHES TO SUCH COMMUNITIES AS THE CKALOEAN 
UNIATES VhO HAVE EMIGRATED TO ISTANBUL FROM THE 
SOUTHEAST, OR TO THE ARMENIAN COMMUNITY OF ANKARA. 

" 0. FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT WITHIN THE COUNTRY, FOREIGN 
TRAVEL, EMIGRATION, AND REPATRIATION 

THERE IS GENERAL FREEDOM OF flOUEI^NT WITHIN TURKEY. 
TURKS GENERALLY ARE FREE TO TRAVEL ABROAD, AND 
- 'INCREASING NUMBERS HAVE DONE SO SINCE THE RELAXATION 

OF CURRENCY C0NTR0L|.,^ACC2^IHG TO THE CONSTITUTION; A 
'»trri}El3s*FliED0n 40 LtAVC IJAV BE RESTRl'CTEO ON ACCOUNT 

> !Ii»t{^JatidSii EcSnaMtc i^WATiON, civic obligations - 

•iGENElflllLY Mi1.lfA^Y*S?RVICE) , OR CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION 
OR PROSECUTION. SOME TURKS INVOLVED IN LENGTHY MASS 



UNCLASSIFIED 



UNCLASSIF 

Departitel}}. 



ED 



-OUTGOING 



^l.'tT^fe- : 11:. 1.- 



PASE K OF a? STATE eS«3SG 

nuit UTmC FtON the EMIV ISSD'S kave ieen dehied 

russroDTS, mthouui others have seen granted passports, 

AND there is ETISEKCE THAT SOUE CITIZEMS NOTUHDER 

micxKn mt Btmii Ftssfwjs eoi) foliticul kasohs. 

TURKISH LAW PROVIDES THAT THOSE OEHIED PASSPORTS UHIIE 
UtHIEB tNDICTtlENT (lAt KtVJRTNElESC U PEBI1JTTED TO TBAKEI, 
IF THE JUSTICE IHNISTRT AHD OFflCE OF THE PRIME HINISIER 
APPROVE. RESTRICTIONS HAVE BEEN EASED AS A HATTER Of 
PRACTICE, AHO THE GOVESNIIENT IS CURREHTLV COKSIDERIHC 
. LeOISIATIVE CHAKSES IH order to CRINO TURKISH PASSPORT 

POiiciES MORE idTO coHfORNiiy uiTJi mcnm nouns. 

TURKISH lAV CRAMTS CIIIZEKS PBOTtCTION ACAINST 
.' DEPORTATION, EmADITION, OR OENlAl OF REENTRY. THE 
COKSTITUTIOH PROVIBES FOR IKE RltiKT OF TURKS ll*ING 
ASIOAD TO REriMN HOKE. UNDER PROVISIONS OF THE TURKISH 
CITIZENSHIP lAV, HDUEVER, THE GOVERNKENT HAT STRIP 
CITIZENSHIP FRSn THOSE WHO KAVE CEFUSED TO. RETURN HOME 
TO FACE CRIHINAl CHARSES, OR UHO HAVE CCtiniTTED ACTS 
EXPATRIATING THEHSELVES, INCLUDIIIC FAILING TO RETURN TO 
PERFORM HIllTARy SERVICE. ACCORtlING TO A TURKISH PRESS- 
RfPflRT IH APRIC, 13,r«« TURKS LIVING AeROAO KAVE SEEK 
STRIPPED OF THEIR CITIZEHSHIP SIIICE WO. 

TURKEY HAS PERrlANENILY RESETTLED APPR0XltlATELY'4,50B 
AFGHAN REFUGEES OF TURKIC ETHNICITY IN KECENT YEARS AND 
PBOVIDES A lEMPORABY HAVEN FOR E/tST EUROPEAN REFUGEES IN 
TWO TEHPORARY SETTlEltEHI FACIIITIES. SINCE TURKEY 
LIMITS THE StFIHITION OF REFUGEES TO EAST EUBOPEAHS, THE 
GOVtmntEHT DOES HOT GRANT REFUGE! STATUS TO IRANIANS. 
HEVEDTHELESS, AS A COUNTRY OF FlflST ASVlUn, TURKEY 
SERVES AS A SAFE HAVEN FOR HANY IRANIAN REFUGEES BEING 
PROCESSED FOR RESETTlEnEKT tt TBI UNITED NATIONS HIGH 
COWIISSIDNEI FOR REFUGEES aNHCRI . IT DOES HOT 
GEKCRAlir DEPORT TO IRAK THOSE UHO ENTERED TURKEY 
ILLEGALLY OR VHO OVERSTAYED TKEII: PERHITTED TII1E AS 
"TOURISTS.- IN CONSEOUENCE, LARGE HUnHERS OF IRANIANS 
ARE NOW LIVIHC IN TURKEY, IIANY OF THEII IN ISTAHBUl AND 
OTHER LARGE CITIES. 

SECTION 3 RESPECT FOR POLITICAL RIGHTS: THE RIGHT OF 
CITIZENS TO CHANGE THEIR GOVERNNENT 

THE RIGHT 10 CHANGE IH£ GOVEBNtlEHT EXISTS 80TK IN THEORY 
AND IH PRACTICE. TURKEY HAS A miLIIPABTY, PRESIDENTIAL 
PARIIAHENTARY SYSTEK. THE PSESIDENT IS ELECTED BY 
PARIIAXENT FOR A SINGLE 7-YEAR TEBH. THE CURBENT 
PRESIDENT, moSE ELECTION WAS AUTOIIAIIC WITH THE 
APPROVAl OF TURKEY'S NEW CONSTITUTION III THE 19Ii 
•EFERENSUtI, IS RETIIIED GENERAL KENAN EVREN, FORMER CHIEF. 

OF ne tmisK tcmu. staff a«d kcad of the natioiiia: 

SECURITY COUNCIL VHICN GOVERNED TURKEY DURING THE PERIOD 
OF HIllTAir RULE U9IO-t3). 

ELECTIONS FOB PUBLIC OFFICE ABE ON THE BASIS OF 
UHIVERSAL SUFFRAGE. THE UNICAnEFAL PARIIAMEHT HAS 4S« 
SEATS ELECTED ON A PROPORTIONAL E:ASIS. THE ELECTION LAW 
REOUIRES THAT A PARTY WIN AT IEA;.T 18 PERGENT Of THE 
TOTAL NATIONAL VOTE IN ORDER TO (IBTAIU SEATS IH 
PARLIABENT. THE la PERCEHI IBRESHOID IS INTENDED TO 
PREVENT POLITICAL FRACnENTATlON MID RECURBEtlCE OF THE " 
PARIIAHEHTARV PARALYSIS OF THE Lf.TE ISTS'S. Of THE 
SEVEN LEGAL PARTIES WHICH FIELOEt SLATES OF CANDIDATES 
FOB THE HOVEHBEB HATICHAL ELECTIOHS, THBEE RECEIVED HORE 
THAN It PERCEHT OF THE TOTAL VOTE . 

PARTIES ADVOCATING A THEOCRATIC STATE, THE SUPER I jtl TH . • • 
OR mCTATORSHIP OF A PARTICULAR SOCIAL CLASS OR in^?, ,t S 
OR ■CXCLUSIVC OR 'ELiriST' rOLIUCU. PllllOSmitijllUtZ I 
PMHIBITEO'. 



STATE ei*m 

m PARTY lUV IE FORNEO AROUND A PARTICULAR ETHNIC OR 

' annniAi' cttoup. xnom the prohibited political 

GROUPIHaS ARE COnfflllllST' AKO OTHER MARXIST PARTIES, MICH 
MC mSBW ClASS, Alta fascist "ELITIST* PARTIES. 
THESE ARE REGARDED AS INIKliAL TO A VESTERN-STYLE 
OEKaCBATIC SOCIETY AHO THREATEHIHG TO TURKEY'S 
FUMAIIENTAL IHIEG8ITY. FASCISTS AND COHRUNISIS 
SIHIlARLy ARE BANNED FROIt MEIIBEBSHIP IN OTHER PARTIES. 
HEHBERS OF THE ARHES FORCES AHD CERTAIN CATEGORIES OF 
CIVIL SERVANTS KAY NOT JOIN ANY POLITICAL PARTY. 

THE COKSTITUTIOH PBOVLOES FOR EQUAL POLITICAL RIGHTS FOR 
J1EN AHS WOIIEN. TURKEfWAS OHEDf IKE FIRST COUNTRIES TO 
GRANT W0I1EN FULL AND EOUAL POLITICAL RIGHTS. THERE ARE 

cinffiCKiir 

11 FEIIALE tlEHBERS OF PARIIAHENT, ONE OF WHON IS A 
CABINET niNISTER, AND SEVERAL UCI1EN HOLD lltPORTAHT 
POSITIONS IN THE PARTY HIERARCHIES. nEIIBERS OF 
HINORITIES, raiSllH AND HON-miSllH, FACE NO LEGAL 
LIHITATIONS OK POLITICAL PAITICIPAIION AS LONG AS THEV 
. ACCEPT TURKISH NATIONAL IDENTVtY. DESPITE OTHER 

LwnArim m restrictions oh mos as ui'tmis 

GROUP, MANY TURKS OF KUROISH DESCENT SERVE OB KAVE 
SERVED IN THE PABLIAnENT, THE CABINET, AND SENIOR 
GOVERNKENr POSTS. 

SECTION 4 GOVEBNKEHTAL ATTITUDE BEGABD I NG IKTEBNATIONAI. 
Am NONGOVERNNENTAL INVESTIGATION OF ALLEGED VIOLATIONS 
OF HUNAK BIGHTS 

THE G0VERNI1ENT PERI1ITTE0 VISITS TO TURKEY 11 FOREIGNERS 
TO OlSCtfSS HimAN RIGIirS OlMim IStT AM), IN MOST CASES, 
FACILITATED CONTACTS FOR BOTH OFFICIAL AND NONOFFICIAl 
VISITORS. THE COVERNNENT HAS LESS HELPFUL TO VISITORS 
INVISTIOATING THE KUROISH ISSUE. SINCE THE 1983 
SETtlEIIENT OF A FtVE-NAIION COKPIAINT IN THE EUROPEAN 
KUIMN RIGHTS COWISSION, TURKEY HAS UNDERTAKEN TO 
PROVIDE REGULAR COHFIOENTIAL REPORTS TO THE. COUNCIL OF 
EUROPE AND TO PESmT SITE VISITS. THE COKRNMEJur HAS 
NOT PERHITTED PRISON VISITS 8Y THE INTERNATIONAL 
COtlNITTEE OF THE RED CROSS. TUBKEY'S ACCESSION TO THE 
COE TORTURE CONVENTION WILL HEAN FUTURE VISITS BY THE 
COE INTCRNATIONAl CDIVIITTEE. 

A NONGOVERNMEUTAL HUMAN BIGHTS ASSOCIATION WAS 
PROVISIONALLY FORtlED IN JULY 193S AND HAD ITS CHABTER 
OFFICIALLY APPROVED IN IStT. THE SOCIAL DEnOCRATIC 
POPULIST PARTY, THE HA IN OPPOSITION PARTY, ALSO HAS A 
HUHAN RIGHTS COKNITTEE AND HAS ACTIVELY PURSUED HUNAN 
RIGHTS ISSUES IW PARllAnENT. 

SECTION i OlSCRiniNATION BASED ON RACE, SEX, RELIGION, 
LANGUAGE, OR SOCIAL STATUS 

THE CONSTITUTION REGARDS ALL TURKISH CITIZENS AS EOUAl 
AND PROHIBITS DISCRIHIHATIOH OH ETHNIC GROUNDS. IK THE 
LAUSANNE IREAIT, THE GOVEBNHENT UMDERTOOR "TO SSSUBE 
FULL AND COdPlETE PROTECTION OF LIFE AND L18EBTY TO ALL 
INHABITANTS OF TUBKEY WITHOUT DISTIHCIION AS TO BIRTH, 
HATIOHAIITY, LAUGUAGE, RACE, OR HIIOIOM. - AT THE SAHE 
riHE, IT HAS BEEN THE LOAGSTANOrHG POLICY Of TURKISH 
GOVERIIBENTS TO SEEK ASSIMILATION OF PERSONS OF 
NON-TURKISH ETHHIC EACKGBOUIIDS INTO THE MAI HSTBEAII OF 
SOCIETY. THE SIZE OF THE UQN-tlUSLIM tllNORITY . 
COMMUNITIES HAS OECLINEO STEADILY OVER THE. YEARS. ■ 

NM-nMt{l1 NII^ITY2GR«SPS*ClSlTIIIUE TO CCIIPLAIN ASOOT 

**K'M*s»Rieriw mfum»» st/tnimiHi niiein m 

PROCEDURES REGULATING THE OPERATION OF COIttlUNITY 



UNCLASSIFIED 



UNCLASSIFIED 



Departnmf(^^ Stm. 



OUTGOING 



PACE n or 07 STATE ^4336 

SCHOOLS, THE PURCHASE ANO SALE OF COHnUKIIY KEAl ESTATE, 
THE ADMINISTRATION OF CKURCH PROPERTIES, A»0 THE 

ACTIVITIES OF PARISH COUHCILS. THE PROHIBITION OK HOST 
CHARITABLE RELIOIOUS ORCAN HAT IONS AGAINST ACCEPTIN5 
BEQUESTS ALSO CONTINUES TO BE A tlAJOR CONCERN. 



$TATE K43S( 

POLITieiL PARTY PIIESIDEIIT, MID mi COLONEL. TURKISH 
tUSINESSVOHEN »LAV SIISNIFICANT ROLES IN HAHV INDUSTRIES 
AND SIT ON THE BOARDS OF SOKE OF TURKEV'S LARCEST 
PRIVATE Finns. FEMALE lAyYEBS AND JUOCES ARE RELATIVELY 
KCRE CONKOK THAN IN THE UNHEO STATES, AND FEMALE 
DOCTORS DOMINATE IN SOME SPECIALTIES. 



'KURDS CM BE FOUND TNROUCHOUT TURKEY, BOTH AS A RESULT 
.OF OTTOIUN SETTLEIIENT POLICY AND MORE RECENT tllCRATION 
. TO HETROPOltTAN Ctnim. THOSE IIVINC OUTSIOf OF THE 
SOOTNEASTERN PART OF THE COUNTRY HAVE BEEN ASSiniLATED 
KORC COnPLETELY INTO NATIONAL LIFE. HOST KURDISH 

SPEANESS m cmmmtm i» the ecd!ii«ni(:aily 

OISAOVANTASED SOUTHEAST, ANO HANY LIVE A TRIBAL 
EXISTENCE. THROUGH LARCE-SCALE ECONOHIC DEVEIOPKENT 

psoofiAfis, THE eonnmiin seeks to inmmne fwiit both 

THE REIilON AND ITS PEOPLE INTO MODERN TURKEY. 

THE COVERNHENT REffAIHS STRONOLY OPPOSED TO ANY ASSERTION 
OF A KURDISH ETHNIC IDENTITY WHICH COULD BRING INTO 
OUESTION THE UNITY OF THE TURKISH STATE. PUBLICATION OF 
BOOKS, NEWSPAPERS, AND ANY OTHEit fMIfRIAlS IN KOROfSH IS 
FORBIDDEN, AS ARE BOOKS OR ANY OTHER MATERIALS DEALING 
UITM KURDISH HISTORY, CULTURE, OR ETHNIC IDENTITY. THE 
KlfltOiSH lANtVAeE IS NOT FERNITTEO FOR OFFICIAL PURPOSES, 
C.6., III THE COURTS, NOR IS IT ALLOWED IN CERTAIM 
PRIVATE SITUATIONS SUCH AS RECEIVINS VISITORS IN PRISON, 
EVEN'.VNCN THE PRISONER OR VISITOR DOES tfOF SPEAK 
TURKISH. KOVEVER, THERE IS NO RESTRICTION ON THE USE OF 
KURDISH IN KONOFFICIAL SETTINOS. 

AS NOTED ABOVE, THE RICHT OF INDICEHauS niNORITY GROUPS ' 
TO USE THEIR OUH lANCUAGtS IS LIMITED. ALTHOUCH THE 
LAUSANNE TREATY STUTES TH«T "NO RESTRICTIONS SHALL BE 
INPOSED ON THE FREE USE BY ANY TURKISH NATIONAL OF ANY 
LANGUAGE IN PRIVATE INTERCOURSE, III COMMERCE, REllGiON, 
IN THE PRESS, OR IN PUSLICATIONS OF ANY HIUO OR AT 
PUBLIC MEETINGS," THE CONSTITUTION STATES THAT THE 
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE OF THE COUNTRY IS TURKISH. ONE 
ARTICLE OF THE CONSTITUTION BANS OlSCRiniNAIION ON THE 
BASIS OF LANGUAGE, UHILE OTHERS PROHIBIT THE PUBLIC USE 
Of -LANCUAGES PROHIBITED BY LAW.* WHILE THERE IS NO 
lEOISlATIOK OEFlKIItG PROHIBITED LAIIGUAGES, THE 
BROADCAsriKO ANO PUBLISHING LAWS DO DEFINE "LEGAL 
lANOUAGES.' PERSONS HAVE BEEN TRIED ON A VARIETY OF 
CHARGES RELATING TO IKE USE OF KURDISH. All RECENT SUCH 
TRIALS NAVE RESULTED IN ACOUITTALS. THE GOVERNHENT HAS 
STATED THAT THE INTENT OF ITS BANS ON PUBLISHING IN 
KURDISH UNO ITS DISCOURAGING OF LANGUAGES SUCH AS 
GEORGIAN AND LAZI IS TO FOSTER TURKISH AS THE LANGUAGE 
OF AIL CITIIENS FOR All USES. THIS IS PART OF AN EFFORT 
TO INCULCATE IN ALL TURKISH CITIZENS A SENSE OF IDENTITY 

WITH THE TURKISH STATE AND NATION AS OPPOSED TO 
IDENTIFICATION WITH ANY PARTICULAR GROUP WITHIN THE 
NATION. IN PRACTICE, THE SEVERITY OF THE RESTRICTIONS 
ON THE USE OF A MINORITY LANGUAGE APPEARS TO DEPEND ON 
THE PERCEIVED THREAT THE GROUP IN QUESTION PRESENTS TO 
THE INTEGRITY OF THE STATE. FOR E.WPLE, THE GOVERNHENT * 
FACES ARKED KURDISH SEPARATISTS AND BELIEVES THE USE OF - 
KURDISH FOSTERS SEPARATISM. THE USE OF ARABIC, ABOUT 
IMICH THERE ARE NO SUCH CONCERNS, IS NOT SinilARLY 
RESTRICTED. 



NONETHELESS, THE ROLE OF WOMEN IN SMALLER COMMUNITIES 
AND RURAL AREAS--ESPECIALLY IN THE EAST— IS STILL 
CIRCOnSCRIBED BY CENTURIES OF PATRIARCHAL TRADITION. 
SOCIAL ANO CULTURAL CONSTRAINTS IN THESE AREAS LIMIT 
WDIEN'S EOIAI ACCESS TO EDUCATIONAL AND PROFESSIONAL 
OPPORTUNITIES, THE CONSTITUTION AND BODY OF UU 
NOTWITHSTANDING. 

CONBITJOHS OF LABOR 

THE CONSTITUTION PROVIDES FOR THE RIGHT TO REASONABLE 
CONDI TIMS Of LABOR SUnn 10 THE WORKER'S ACE, SEX, ANO 
CAPACITY, AND GRANTS THE RIGHT TO REST AND LEISURE ANO A 
FAIR WAGE. THE LABOR LAW FORBIDS THE EnPLOYtlENT OF 
CHILDREN moot 13 YEARS" OF AGE AM RESTRICTS CHIlOm 
UNDER LS TO 'LIGHT WORK WHICH WILL NOT HARM THEIR HEALTH 
ANO PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT, PREVENT THEIR ATTENDANCE AT 
OCCUPATIONAL FRAINIKG ANO ORIENTATION PROGRAMS, OR FHEIR 
ABIllIf TO BENEFIT FROIt EDUCATION.' CHILDREN BETWEEN IS 
AND It YEARS OF ACE lUd NOT BE EMPLOYED IN UN0ERGRO|JND 
OK VMTERWArER NORA, NOR KAY THCY BE CNPLOYEO AT NIGHT. 
SIRIS AND UOIIEN HAY NOT BE EHPIOYED IN UNDERGROUND OR 
UNDCRVATER WORK, BUT, IF OVER THE AGE OF IB, MAY WORK 
NfClir SHIFTS WER CODDiriONS SPECIf lEO JOINTLY BY 

THE niNISTRY OF HEALTH ANO SOCIAL WELFARE AND THE 
NINISTRY Of INDUSTRY AND COMMERCE. 

A BOARD COMPOSED OF GOVERNMENT, PRIVATE SECTOR, ANO 
LABOR REPRESENTATIVES ESTABLISHES NATIONAL MfNfMUft WACES 
FOR THE AGRICULTURAL ANO HONAGRICULTURAL SECTORS. THE 
LABOR LAW PROVIDES FOR A 7 1/2-HOUR DAY ANO A 4S-K0UR 
WORKWEEK, 

IN SPITE OF CONSTITUTIONAL GUARANTEES, SPECIFIC LEGAL 
RtaUIREKENTS, ANO LABOR UNION EFrORrs, A COKSIOf RABlE 
GAP REMAINS BETWEEN IDEALS AIID REALITIES OF OCCUPATIONAL 
HEALTH AND SAFETY LEVELS. TRADE UNIONS HAVE REPEATEDLY 
COM>lAINEO THAT EXISTING REGULATIONS GOVERNING HEALTH, 
SAFETV, AMD UORHING CONDITIONS ARE NOT ADEOUATELT 
ENFORCED. OUTSIDE THE INDUSTRIALIZED SECTOR WHERE 
UNIONS EXERCISE CONSIDERABLE INFLUENCE, lEGAl 
RESTRICTIONS ARE GENERALLY IGNORED BOTH m KCOPATIONAL 
HEALTH AND SAFETY ANO ON CHILD AND FEMALE EMPLOYMENT. 
IN GENERAL, THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN LEGAL PROHIBITIONS 
AGAINST CHILD LABOR ANO ITS PRACTICE IS NARROWING. BUT 
IN THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR 10 A LARGE DEGREE, AND TO A 
LESSER EXTENT IN FAnilY-OPERAIED COMMERCIAL ENTERPRISES, 
YOUNG CHILDREN STILL WORK AT THEIR PARENTS' SIDE. 
DURING 19SJ AN ILLEGAL MARKET IN THE SERVICES OF 
CHILDREN IN A PROVINCIAL TOWN, IN WHICH CHILDREN FROM 
VILLAGES WERE LEASED TO WORK FOR NOKREIATIVES DURING THE 
SCHOOL VACATION MONTHS, RECEIVED CONSIDERABLE NEWSPAPER 
COVERAGE ANO '4AS CLOSED inHEDIATELY BY THE GOVERNNENT. WHITEHEAD 
UNOUOTI SHULTZ 



THE GOVERNMENT HAS LONG BEEN A LEADER IN PROMOTING AND 
PROTECTING WOMEN'S RIGHTS. WOMEN HIVE FULL SUFFRAGE ANO 
EDUCATIONAL RIGHTS, HAVE ATTAINED HIGH OFFICE, ANCPAIK*; 
REPRESENTED IN ALL PROFESSIONS ANO INSTITUTIONS! «0M{«« 
HAVE SERVED OR ARE CURRENTLY ENPIOYED IN SENIOR**! ••• 
POSITIONS AS UNIVERSITY RECTOR AND DEAN, AMBASSADOR, 



UNCLASSIFIED 



jtuuiint 



UNCLASSIFIED 

Department of State 



INCOMG 



mm 



fia Bi BEijiN 27iS7 u OF 02 mm 

INFO: tip (81) STftfflll ICCfflli 

Kimi A3 SONY (lOm COPIES: BHi 

ACIIDK IKt-m 



INFO IOG-0IJ fllD-«e AI1AD-81 

mi-ei m-se is-m 

TEDE-Be IIC~01 

flP;C-BB SP-B? SIMf 



ciflf-0fi tm-m c-ei oasy-i 

EXtiE-ee E-Bi m-ei n-ei 

JIISE-00 ADS-00 NSAe-00 OHB-0: 

TRSE-B0 USIE-00 SA-09 CORE-I 



0BB9U2 /2S 38 



THE TOTAL INVESTNEHT VILl BE I 

3, CONSTRUCTION PLftK 



(1 mm AUG 93 
Fh AflEflBASSV 6EIJINC 
TO cms KI06 WASHDC 
USBOC WASHDC 
IHFO AnCOHSUl UDHG KK 
mmVl SHENYANG 

mma cumcihou 

AHCONSDl SflANGUAl 
SECSTATE KASHDC 6547 

mmm chengdu 

UKCIAS BEIJING e27«S7 

USBOC FOR 3132/010/EAP/CKIK/ASUIlUHG 
USDOC FOR 44'20/IEP/EAP/OPK/DFOIiESI 

STATE FOR [flP/Cn 

E.O. 12356: N/A 
lAGS; KTDB. BEXPi CK, BTIO 

SUBiECT: IHI - TtCHKlCAl REdiWATlOti Of XllftKHUA IRON SRO 
STEEL CONPAKY 

1. INIRODllCTiON: LOCATED IN 7WJIAC0U CITY, HEBE I 
PROVINCE. FIRM IS ONE OF THE lARGESJ ENTERPfilSES IN 
CHINA. IT IS 173 Kfl KESI OF BEIJING SNO CLOSE TO THE 
BEIJIdG-BAOTOtI RAILWV AND THE BEIJINE-ZHANGJIAKOU 

noioow. «nn i5 pianis ako 35.Bes woscers. Fisn's 

FIXED ASSETS «ERE OSD 150 HilLION IH 199b PISCINE THE 
WiPftNl M WJtlBER IT Of S8f URGES! EKIERPRISES IN CHIKfi, 
ANNUAL SALES IN 1991 «ER£ USD 1)4 fiTUICN. RANKING II 
1491», IHE YEARLY PROCUCIIOti CfiPACIiV IS 1.5 flllllON 

IONS Of piciPON, 7m,mii ions op steel and isceeo tons^ 

Of SIEEL PBODUCIS. 
THE FIRM IS EQUIPPED MIIH; 

Al l<26i; CUBIC flETER BLAST FORHACE 1 

Bl 383 CUBIC KTER BLAST FURNftCES 4 

CI COKE OVENS ayPE JN6-82( 2 

Dl 5B SaUARE HEIER SINTEPHtCFllRNACE 1 

Ei ii SOUARE HETER SiKiERIitu FuiinACE 2 

Fl i TON LD CONVERTER 2 

Gl 3-200 CUBIC TON/YEAR OXYGEN GENERATOR 1 

m 5 TON E.A.F. 1 

I) ROUGH flilL KITH 5681* ROLLERS 1 

Jl ROD NIL! 12 X 44lin ROIERS ANT 5 X 25BI1H ROtlEPSi 1 

Kl STRIP com I HMDS KILL 1 

LI IRON ORE NINE CAPACITY 1 NILLION lONS/Y 

lil LINESTDHt NINE CfiPACllV E?O,f0e TONS.'Y 

THE COMPANY HAVE JUSI BEGUN TO BUILD IHREE 10.5 I LB 
CONi/ERTERS- IW 3.20BT/H OXYGEN GENERATOR. THREE SflUARE 
BILIEI CONTINUOUS CASTING tlACHINES ANfi ONE SHAPED BAR 

.KILL, 

2. lECHHlCAL RENOVATION -DEPARTMENT OF 8TATE 

THE ACTUAL PRODUCTION OUTPUT IN 1952 VAS 1,3 fllLLION TONS RELEASE ( ] DECLASfifPV 
OF IROtf AND 246.800 TONS or SIEEL. IT HAS 10 RAISE STEEL ( ) EXCISE ( ) DECUSSIFY 

PRODUCTION, flfiB PLANS THE fOLlOWING: i ) DENY IN PART 



BEUIN 27897 88 OF 02 0589412 813142 
TO BUILD m it m ID CONVERTERS' ONE SfiUtRE MD ffllE 
PLATE CONTINUOUS CASTING lUCHINE AND ONE hBtl TON lETAl 
mm TO PRODUCE 1 HILLION TONS OF ROUEH STEEL> 370>008 
TONS OF SfiOARE BILLETS AND 638. 000 TONS OF PLATE BILLETS 
VEARIY. 

21 FOR ROLLING 

TO sEi UP m men speed «ire hills lincluoing muble 

LINES) SO AS TO HAVE 35.000 TONS OF VIRE COIL ANHUALLY, 
10 CONSTRUCT ONE SET OF HIDDLE PLATE HIU SO AS 10 REACH 
THE PRODUCTION OF S58.008 IONS OF PLATES PER YEAR. 

3) OTHERS 

TO CONSTRUCT ONE IS.BOB lONS/H CUBIC DETER OXYGEN 
GENERATOR, m TOH BOILERS. ONE 6 HILL ION AND ONE 12 
HIILION KATI ELECTRICITY GENERATORS AND SOIIE OTHER 
SUPPORT FACIimES. 



$B216CG 



4ei HILLION. 



PLAN ONE: TO INVEST USD 461 NUtlON AI ONE IlflE 10 REACH 
m RE9«l8£H[ttiS. 

PLAN n'O: 10 CONSIRUCI k HIGH SPEED MIRE HILL. A SQUARE 
CONIINUOUS CASTING flACNINE AND A 58 TON ID CONVERTER; 
THEN A PLATE CONTINUOUS CASTING HACHINE AND THE NEXl 
CONVERTER. 

4. flRN ALSO INTENDS 10 BUY SECOND HAND EOUIPtlENT. 
IHCLliBIHG; ROUGH Mil. ROO Kill. ID COKVERlEfi. PLATE 
CONTINUOUS CASTING tlACHINE. HIGH SPEED STRIP flILL AND 
HICll SPEED VIRE tllLl. ISE ECDIPHENI SHOULD OF 1580'S 
TECHNOLOGY AND IDLE FOR NO tlORE IRAN 3 YEARS. 

5. FINANCING 

EOREIGR IKVESTHEKI Ull BE (lOSI DESIRABLE (PRIVAIE 
IN'VESIIIENI.SYNDICAIFD lOAN OR EOVERNIiENI LOAN). FIRM 
«IU PAY 1« THE fOUOUINE VftY: 
A) IHROOGH EXPORI INCCH- FROII PIGRION. SItEi PROJUCiS, 
C0I:E BY-PRODUCTS. 

Bl INROUGH FOREIGN EXCUMGE HADKEI. . 

C) ihbougf: coiipensaiion, 

t. INTERESTED COflPANlES HAY CONTACT: 
HS, VINGHIH lUO/FORElCS ECONOtllC I TEtHNICftl COOPERHION 
OFFICE 

ZHANGJtAKOU 875103. NEBE1. CHINA 
TEL: ii6-5453/ 3121/6 EXT,3o65 OR 2is? 
TLX; 275073 !9ISC CN 
FAX: (86-3453131458 
(rCS: EllUi ROY 



11 FOR STEEL KAKlNt 



I ) 

FOIA Exemptions. 
"A Exemptions 



_t6/fPGfOD« 



DM* 



Eo Cltttlont^ 



( } CU88IPY aa 



( } 6or 



.18 authority t 



( ) OOWNQRADE T8 to ( ) 8 Or 



iiNni/i.s.siFiFn 



CONCEPTS= FOREIGN, MINISTER, VISIT, DISCUSSION, NUCLEAR ENERGY, COOPERATION 
TAGS= PREL, ENRG, TNUC, ECIN, TRGY, EAID, PK, FR, (CHEYSSON, CLAUDE) {/' 



PAGE 01 ISLAMA 05793 01 OF 02 010608Z 
ACTION NEA-11 



INFO OCT-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 AID-07 INR-IG EUR-12 SS-10 
CIAE-00 EB-08 DODE-00 H-01 10-15 NSCE-00 NSAE-00 
SSO-00 HA-08 L-03 DOE-10 PM-09 EPA-01 PA-01 
INRE-00 SAL-01 RP-10 OES-09 ACDA-12 USIE-00 SP-02 
NRC-02 SNP-Ol PRS-01 /145 W 

161711 010631Z/10 

O010601Z APR83 

FM AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD . . 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 277 1 / jf^^^^, 7f 

INFO AMCONSUL KARACHI — ' ^ ^ 

AMCONSUL LAHORE 
AMCONSUL PESHAWAR POUCH 
AMEMBASSY PARIS IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY KABUL 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI PRIORITY 



EO Citations. 



FOttEiteinptio 
PA Exemptions^ 



_TS authoritjr t«j 



-C ) CLASSIFY 

. < ) DOWNGRADE TS to( ) S «T'5c" 



pECTION 01 OF 02 ISLAMABAD 05793 

VIENNA FOR USIAEA 

E O. 12356: DECL: OADR 
TAGS: PREL ENRG'TNUC ECIN PK FR 

SUBJECT: FRENCH FOREIGN MINISTER CHEYSSOKS VISIT TO 
PAKISTAN 

REF: PARIS 11859 



1. 



FENTIRE TEXT. 



2. SUMMARY AND COMMENT; THE HIGHLIGHTS OO FRENCH FOREIGN 
MINISTER CHEYSSON'S MARCH 28-30 VISIT TO PAKISTAN WERE 
DISCUSSIONS WITH PRESIDENT ZIA AND FOREIGN MINISTER YAQUB 
KHAN ONPOSSIPLE FRENCH-PAKISTAN NUCLEAR COOPERATION, THE 



PAGE 02 iSLAMA 05793 01 OF 02 010608Z 

AID TO PAKISTAN CONSORTIUM AND PROSPECTS FOR A POLITICAL 
SETTLEMENT FOR AFGHANISTAN. CHEYSSON'S REMARKS ON NUCLEAR 
COOPERATION (PARAS 3-5) ARE VERBATIM FROM THE TAPE RECORD- 
ING AT HIS MARCH 29 PRESS CONFERENCE. PRESS REPORTS DO 
NOT ACCURATELY REPRESENT HIS STATEMENTS. WE NOTE EMBASSY 
PARIS* CONCERN AT AFP REPORT (REFTEL) BUT IT IS OUR 
IMPRESSION FROM THE VERBATIM TRANSCRIPT THAT THERE IS 
NOTHING NEW IN CHEYSSON'S POSITION OF GENERAL SUPPORT FOR 
NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY FOR PEACEFUL DEVELOPMENT IN THIRD WORLD 
COUNTRIES. WE DO NOT BELIEVE THAT THESE REMARKS NECES- 
SARILY MEAN A DECISION HAS BEEN MADE TO PROCEED.TO PROVIDE 
ASSISTANCE ON CHASMA. WE WILL SEEK TO CLARIFY THIS MATTER 
FURTHER WITH FRENCH EMBASSY AND GOP OFFICIALS IN COMING 
DAYS. ON AFGHANISTAN. ACCORDING TO AN EC-1 0 AMBASSADOR, 
CHEYSSON WAS SURPRISED BY OPTIMISM OF ZIA AND YAQUB 
REGARDING PROSPECTS FOR A NEGOTIATED POLITICAL SETTLEMENT 
OF AFGHANISTAN. WE VIEW UPBEAT PAKISTANI STATEMENTS AS 
CONSISTENT WITH ITS LINE THAT PAKISTAN EXPECTS THE SOVIET 
UNION TO HONOR ITS PUBLIC STATEMENTS OF WILLINGNESS TO 
FIND A SOLUTION FOR AFGHANISTAN. END SUMMARY. 

3. NUCLEAR COOPERATION. DURING HIS PRELIMINARY REMARKS 
TO REPORTERS CHEYSSON NOTED THAT EVERY COUNTRY HAS A RIGHT 
TO OBTAIN MODERN NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY AND THAT THE GOF IS 
PREPARED TO COOPERATE. HE SAID HE HAD DISCUSSED THE FORM 
OF SUCH COOPERATION IN PAKISTAN'S CASE WITH PRESIDENT ZL\. 
PARTICULARLY POSSIBLE FRENCH ASSISTANCE FOR THE CHASMA 
NUCLEAR POWER PLANT. HE ALSO COMMENTED THAT THE "OTHER" 
NUCLEAR ISSUE HAD ALSO COME UP BUT EXPLAINED THAT AS THIS 
MATTER WAS STILL A SUBJECT OF NEGOTIATION HE DID NOT WANT 
TO GO INTO IT FURTHER. 

4 IN THE FOI T OWING OT mSTION AND ANSWF.R PERIOD CFTEYSSON 



PAGE 03 ISLAMA 05793 01 OF 02 0IO608Z 

ASKED WHETHER FRANCE WOULD SUPPLY NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS TO 
A NON-NPT SIGNATORY, RESPONDED. "WE HAVE NEVER AND WILL 
NEVER SUPPLY NUCLEAR PLANTS TO COUNTRIES NOT SUBJECT TO 
CONTROLS BY THE VIENNA AGENCY." HE ADDED THAT SAFEGUARDS 
PROVIDED UNDER THE NPT WERE MOST NEEDED IN THE CASE OF NON- 
NPT SIGNATORIES. ASKED IF HE REALLY MEANT EVERY COUNTRY 
HAD THE RIGHT TO NUCLEAR ENERGY TECHNOLOGY, HE REPLIED, 
"YES, BRAZIL, SOUTH AFRICA AND PAKISTAN HAVE THE RIGHT TO 
NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY FOR PEACEFUL PURPOSES" -ADDING THIS 
TIME, "THE INTERNATIONAL AGENCIES MUST ENSURE SUCH TECH- 




NOLOGY IS DEVOTED TO PEACEFUL DEVELOPMENT." 

5. A QUESTIONER THEN POINTED OUT THAT THE U S HAD REFUSED 
TO COOPERATE WITH PAKISTAN ON THE CHASMA PROJECT ABSENT 
FULL-SCOPE SAFEGUARDS ON ALL NUCLEAR FACILITIES AND 
CHEYSSON REPLIED. "ON FULL-SCOPE SAFEGUARDS WE DO NOT HAVE 
THE SAME APPROACH AS THE UNITED STATES, LET IT BE NOTED." 
FOLLOWING UP, THE REPORTER ASKED IF THIS MEANT FRANCE WOULD 
SUPPLY A NUCLEAR POWER PLANT TO A COUNTRY THAT DOES NOT 
APPLY FULL-SCOPE SAFEGUARDS TO ALL FACILITIES, AND CHEYSSON 
RESPONDED, "YES" IN A MOST POSITIVE TONE. 

6. AID TO PAKISTAN CONSORTIUM: CHEYSSON NOTED FRANCE 
HAD BEEN AND WILL BE "VERY ACTIVE" IN THE CONSORTIUM. 
HE EXPRESSED REGRET THAT PAKISTAN'S REQUEST AT THE 
LAST CONSORTIUM MEETING FOR A SECOND RESCHEDULING OF 
OFFICIAL DEBT HAD NOT BEEN ACCEPTED. SPECIFICALLY, 
CHEYSSON SAID, "I AM SURPRISED TO HEAR SOME SAY THAT 
AS THERE HAS BEEN NO PAKISTANI DEFAULT. THERE CAN BE 
NO RESCHEDULING: AS IF SIN MUST PRECEDE RESCHEDULING." 
ASKED IF FRANCE WOULD SUPPORT PAKISTAN IN A REQUEST FOR 
DEBT RESCHEDULING AT THE UPCOMING APRIL MEETING IN PARIS, 
HE REPLIED. "WE DO NOT ACCEPT THAT PAKISTAN MUST 

BE FORCED TO DEFAULT BEFORE WE WILL AGREE TO RELIEF," 



NNN 




PAGE 01 ISLAMA 05793 02 OF 02 010609Z 
ACTION NEA-11 

INFO OCT-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 AID-07 INR-IO EUR-12 SS-10 
CIAE-00 EB-08 DODE-00 H-01 10-15 NSCE-00 NSAE-00 
SSO-00 HA-08 L-03 DOE-10 PM-09 EPA-OI PA-01 
INRE-00 SAL-01 RP-10 OES-09 ACDA-12 USIE-00 SP-02 - 
NRC-02 SNP-01 PRS-01 /I45 W 

_. 161725 010630Z/10 




O010601ZAPR 83 
FM AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2772 
INFO AMCONSUL KARACHI 
AMCONSUL LAHORE 
AMCONSUL PESHAWAR POUCH 
AMEMBASSY PARIS IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY KABUL 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI PRIORITY 

^SECTION 02 OF 02 ISLAMABAD 05793 

VIENNA FOR USIAEA 



E.O. 12356: DECL: OADR 

TAGS: PREL ENRG TNUC ECIN PK FR 

SUBJECT: FRENCH FOREIGN MINISTER CHEYSSON'S VISIT TO 



ADDING. "WE HOPE PAKISTAN WILL NOT ACCEPT THIS EITHER." 
ASKED IF FRANCE WOULD INCREASE ITS AID TO PAKISTAN, 
CHEYSSON SAID THAT IT IS UP TO PAKISTAN TO COME UP WITH 
GOOD PROJECTS AS FRANCE WILL NOT MAKE COMMITMENTS 
"IN GENERAL TERMS." 



7. AFGHANISTAN; WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE AFGHANISTAN 
SITUATION, CHEYSSON, ACCORDING TO PRESS REPORTS, SAID THAT 

)FNOUNCED AND CONDEMNED " THE PRESENCE OF FOREIGN 




PAGE 02 ISLAMA 05793 02 OF 02 010609Z 



TROOPS IN AFGHANISTAN AND THIS WAS IN LINE WITH FRENCH 
POLICY OF CONDEMNING THE PRESENCE OF FOREIGN TROOPS IN 
KAMPUCHEA AND NAMIBIA. HE ALSO SAID FRANCE FAVORS A 
POLITICAL SETTLEMENT TO THE AFGHAN CRISIS AND THAT HIS 
GOVERNMENT "APPRECIATED" THE EFFORTS OF DE CUELLAR AND 
CORDOVEZ. CHEYSSON ADDED THAT FRANCE WOULD RECOMMEND TO 
EUROPEAN COUNTRIES. THE UN AND ALL NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGAN- 
IZATIONS OF THE WORLD TO EXTEND "ALL POSSIBLE MATERIAL 
HELP TO THE AFGHAN REFUGEES." 



8. ACCORDING TO AFP CORRESPONDENT, CHEYSSON SAID THAT 
FONMIN YAQUB EXPRESSED CONFIDENCE ABOUT PROSPECTS FOR AN 
AFGHAN SETTLEMENT AND SAID THE SOVIETS IN FACT WANT TO 
WITHDRAW ALTHOUGH CHEYSSON APPARENTLY DID NOT LEARN ON WHAT 
THIS OPTIMISM WAS BASED ONE EUROPEAN AMBASSADOR ALSO TOLD 
US THAT CHEYSSON'S DEBRIEFING FOR EC-IO HAD HIGHLIGHTED 




UlUD 



YAQUB'S UPBEAT EVALUATION. CHEYSSON HAD MADE CLEAR TO 
EC REPS THAT HE DOES NOT BELIEVE SOVIET POLICY HAS CHANGED, 
AND IS PUZZLED BY PAKISTANI POSITION. OUR OWN SENSE IS 
THAT THIS IS CONSISTENT WITH TONE ADOPTED BY ZIA AFTER HIS 
MEETING WITH ANDROPOV. 

9. FINALLY, CHEYSSON SAID THAT THE VIEWS OF FRANCE AND 
PAKISTAN ARE "VERY CLOSE" ON THE ISSUES OF THE IRAN-IRAQ 
WAR, SOUTHEAST ASIA, THE MIDDLE EAST. AND THE RIGHTS OF 
PALESTINIANS TO A HOMELAND. SPIERS 




NNN 



*** Current Handling Restrictioi 
*** Current Classification ♦** I 




UUSIFIED 



*" Current Classification *" UNCLASGiF:ED 
"* Current Handling Restrictions *** n/a 

«<"" OASYS DOCUMENT HEADER *">» 

DOC_NBR= 87JERUSA03412 

FILM= D870863-0858 

DATE=19 0CT87 

TYPE=TE 

FROM= JERUSALEM 
DRAFTERs n/a 
OFFICE* ACTION PA 

TQ= STATE 

USIA 

CHANNEL= n/a 
ORIGHAND= n/a 
OR!GPHAND=n/a 
ORIGCLASS= UNCLASSIFIED 
ORIGPCLASS=n/a 
E0= N/A 

SUBJECT^ PRESS CONFERENCE BY SECRETARY OF STATE GEORGE P. SHULTZ, OCTOBE 
1987, JERUSALEM 

REFERENCE=n/a 

CONTROL_NBR= n/a 

ENCLOSURE= n/a 

LOCATOR= TEXT ON-LINE, ON MICROFILM 
ERRORS= N/A 

CONCEPTS= PRESS CONFERENCE, PEACE. FOREIGN RELATIONS, POLICY 
TAGS= OVIP, IS, US, (SHULTZ, GEORGE P) 



) U.KC.SE ( ) DECLAoSIFY 

: ) 



TS authority to 



( ) CLASSIFY as ( ) S or 

( ) DOWNGRADE TS to ( ) S or 



««.»» 
UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGEOi JERUSA 03412 01 OF 09 210131Z 
ACTION PA-Q2 

INFO LOG-00 COPY-01ADS-00 INR-10 EUR-00 SS-00 CIAE-00 
DODE-00 H-01 MSC-01 NEA-04 NSAE-00 SSO-00 HA-09 
L-03 TRSE-00 PM-10 CCO-00 OMB-01 INRE-00 SP-02 
SNP-01 FAIM-01 C-01 PRS-01 P-02 T-01 /051 W 
226004 210133Z/63/10 

O 190603ZOCT87 

FM AMGONSUL JERUSALEM 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0417 

USIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

USINFO WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY AMMAN IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY RIYADH IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY ALGIERS IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 

AMCONSUL JEDDAH IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TUNIS IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY RABAT IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY BEIRUT IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY CAIRO IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY LONDON IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY MOSCOW IMMEDIATE 

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 09 JERUSALEM 03412 

CORRECTED COPY (HEADING) 

SECSTATE FOR PA AND PA/PRESS, NEA, NEA/IAI, 
NEA/P 

DEPT PASS NSC FOR MR. CARLUCCI 

USIA FOR P ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR. P/PFN. P/G, 

VOA/BBN, VOA/CA, NEA/BULLOCK 

WHITEHOUSE FOR MR. FITZWATER AND MR. HOWARD 

UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 JERUSA 03412 01 OF 09 210131Z 

E.O. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: OVIP (SHULTZ, GEORGE P) 

SUBJECT: PRESS CONFERENCE BY SECRETARY OF 

STATE CEORGE P. S"ULTZ, OCTOBER 18, 1987, 

JE:^USALtM 



BEGIN TEXT: 



SECRETARY SHULT2: I HAVE RECEIVED A VERY 
WARM AND PERSONAL WELCOME HERE IN ISRAEL I 
WANT TO EXPRESS MY APPRECIATION AND THE 
RETURN OF THAT WARMTH THAT GOES FOR THE 
CONSTRUCTIVE AND WORTHWHILE MEETINGS I HAVE 
HAD WITH PRIME MINISTER SHAMIR, WITH FOREIGN 
MINISTER PERES. DEFENSE MINISTER RABIN AND 
THEIR ASSOCIATES. THE MEETINGS AT TEL AVIV 
UNIVERSITY, AND THE CEREMONY AT THE WEIZMANN 
INSTITUTE AND THE LUNCHEON FOLLOWING. THE 
MOVING EXPERIENCE OF MEETING WITH IDA NUDEL 
AND ILANA FRIEDMAN, WHO I HAD MET WITH 
BEFORE-BOTH OF THEM UNDER DIFFERENT 
CIRCUMSTANCES-WAS A GENUINE JOY, BUT AT THE 
SAME TIME THEY AND OTHERS WHOM I MET WITH ARE 
CONTINUAL REMINDERS OF THE WORK YET TO BE 
DONE. I HOPE THAT MY PRESENCE HERE BEFORE I 
GO to MOSCOW MAKES CLEAR BY THAT FACT THE 
JMPORTANCE THAT THE PRESIDENT AND I THINK ALL 
AMERICANS ATTACH TO THE ISSUES INVOLVED IN 
HUMAN RIGHTS AND SOVIET JEWRY. OF COURSE WE 
LOOK FORWARD TO THE CONTINUING AND VERY RICH 
DIALOGUE BETWEEN OUR TWO COUNTRIES. PRIME 
MINISTER SHAMIR WILL BE IN WASHINGTON, I 
THINK ON THE 20TH, TO SEE THE PRESIDENT AND 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 JERUSA 03412 01 OF 09 210131Z 

WILL COME NEXT YEAR FOR A MORE FORMAL VISIT. 
AND WE WILL BE WELCOMING PRESIDENT HERZOG 
EARLIER. SO THERE ARE CONTINUING DISCUSSIONS 
GOING ON ALL THE TIME. IF YOU HAVE ANY 
QUESTIONS. I'LL BE GLAD TO TAKE THEM. 

Q: MR. SECRETARY, BARRY SCHWEID OF AP. 
ASSUMING YOU STILL APPLY THE LOFTUS RULE, CAN 
YOU TELL US IF... 

A: YOU MEAN IF YOU DONT HAVE ANY NEWS, 
DON'T HOLD A NEWS CONFERENCE? 

Q; WELL, THE COROLLARY (LAUGHTER). 

A: SEE YOU LATER, FELLOWS (LAUGHTER). 

Q: I WAS THINKING O:- fH£ COROllARV. S:N jE 



YOU CALLED THIS NEWS CONFERENCE SURELY YOLi 
MUST HAVE NEWS. 

A: NO, 1 DONT HAVE ANY NEWS. 

Q: I MIGHT COAX YOU INTO BY ASKING IF YOU 
THINK THE SITUATION. THE PEACE PROCESS. 
REALLY REQUIRES WHAT A LOCAL PAPER HERE CALLS 
NEW IDEAS OR IF IT REQUIRES THE ARABS AND THE 
ISRAELIS TO FIND THEIR OWN WAY TO NEGOTIATION. 

A: OBVIOUSLY, THE OBJECTIVE OF ALL OUR 
EFFORTS IS PEACE. WE BELIEVE IT'S PRETTY 
CLEAR--I DO, AND I THINK ALL MY FRIENDS HERE 
DO--THAT THE WAY TO GET THERE IS THROUGH 
DIRECT NEGOTIATIONS AND HOW DO YOU BRING THAT 



UNCLASSIFIED 
UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 04 JERUSA 03412 01 OF 09 210131Z 



UNCLASSIFIED 



NNNN 



UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 01 JER USA 03412 02 OF 09 2101 30Z 
ACTION PA-02 

INFO LOG-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 INR-10 EUR-00 SS-00 CIAE-00 
DODE-00 H-01 MSC-01 NEA-04 NSAE-00 SSO-00 HA-09 
L-03 TRSE-00 PM-10 CCO-00 OMB-01 INRE-00 SP-02 
SNP-01 FAIM-01 C-01 PRS-01 P-02 T-01 /051 W 
225753 210132Z/72/10 

O 190603Z OCT 87 

FM AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0418 

USIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

USINFO WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

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AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY RIYADH IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY ALGIERS IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 

AMCONSUL JEDDAH IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TUNIS IMMEDIATE 

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UNCLAS SECTION 02 OF 09 JERUSALEM 03412 
C 0 R R E C T E D C O P V (HSACING) 



SECSTATE FOR PA AND PA/PRESS, NEA, NEA/iAi, 
NEA/P 

DEPT PASS NSC FOR MR. CARLUCGI 

USIA FOR P ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR, P/PFN. P/G, 

VOA/BBN, VOA/CA, NEA/BULLOCK 

WHITEHOUSE FOR MR. FITZWATER AND MR. HOWARD 

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TAGS: OVIP (SHULTZ, GEORGE P) 

SUBJECT: PRESS CONFERENCE BY SECRETARY OF 

ABOUT? SO WE CONTINUE TO SCRATCH OUR HEADS 
ABOUT THAT. THERE IS A SENSE IN WHICH YOU 
HAVE TO SAY SO MANY PEOPLE WHO ARE VERY WELL 
INFORMED AND VERY BRIGHT HAVE WORKED ON THESE 
ISSUES FOR SO LONG THAT IT IS IMPROBABLE THAT 
THERE ARE ANY GENUINELY NEW IDEAS. BUT THE 
SITUATION EVOLVES AND YOU TRY TO ARRANGE 
THESE, BOTH SUBSTANTIVELY AND PROCEDURALLY, 
TO SEE IF YOU CANT FIND A WAY FOR SOME 
PROGRESS. BECAUSE THE OBJECTIVE OF PEACE IS 
SO IMPORTANT AND THE BENEFITS POTENTIALLY ARE 
SO GREAT. AND I HAVE BEEN DOING THAT WITH 
THE PRIME MINISTER WHOSE DRIVE FOR PEACE IS 
QUITE APPARENT, AS WELL AS WITH THE FOREIGN 
MINISTER WHO ALSO HAS A GREAT CONCERN AND IS 
CONSUMED BY THAT OBJECTIVE. SO THAT IS WHAT 
I HAVE BEEN DOING. I WILL DO THAT WITH 
PRESIDENT MUBARAK, WITH KING HUSSEIN, AGAIN 
WITH PRIME MINISTER SHAMIR WHEN HE IS IN 
WASHINGTON, AND SO ON. WE HOPE THAT WE 
GRADUALLY GET SOMEWHERE AND IN A WAY, IF YOU 
LOOK BACK A WAYS, THERE HAS BEEN CONSIDERABLE 
PROGRESS. 

Q; JIM ANDERSON FROM UPl. FOLLOWING ON. MR. 
SECRETARY. WOULD YOU CONTINUE, DO YOU THINK, 
YOUR TALKS WITH THE ISRAELIS HAVE MOVED 
THINGS FORWARD AT ALL? DO YOU SEE ANY 
REARRANGEMENTS THAT GIVE ANY POSSIBILITY OF 
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ANY FUTURE MOVEMENTS? 

A: I CANT POINT TO ANY PARTICULAR THING AND 
SAY "LOOK, WE HAVE GONE FROM HERE TO 
THERE." BUT I DO FEEL THAT WE HAVE HAD 
SOME...THE DISCUSSIONS ARE ALWAYS INTENSE AND 
GOOD ON THIS SUBJECT. BUT THEY HAVE BEEN VERY 
THOROUGH, AND I BELIEVE. AT LEAST FROM MY 
STANDPOINT, IT HAS BEEN BENEFICIAL AND 
CONSTRUCTIVE. BUT I CANT POINT TO ANY 
PARTICULAR THING AT THIS POINT THAT IS A BIG 
SIGN OF PROGRESS. 

Q: DAVID SHIPLER FROM THE NEW YORK TIMES. 
WOULD YOU LIKE TO SEE PRIME MINISTER SHAMIR 
RELAX HIS OBJECTIONS TO AN INTERNATIONAL 
CONFERENCE? DO YOU THINK THAT WOULD HELP 
MAKE PROGRESS? 

A: HE IS CONCERNED AS WE ALL ARE, BY WANTING 
TO FIND A ROAD TO PEACE. AND HE IS CONCERNED 
AS WE ALL ARE, THAT WE FIND A ROAD THAT TURNS 
OUT TO BE FRUITFUL AND THAT DOESNT GET 
OVERWHELMED BY RISKS. SO I THINK HE HAS AN 
ASSESSMENT OF RISKS THAT IS QUITE 
UNDERSTANDABLE; AND WE HAVE TO KEEP WORKING 
AT THIS BALANCE OF THE RISKS OF DOING 
SOMETHING, THE RISKS OF NOT DOING SOMETHING; 
HOW TO MINIMIZE THE RISK CONNECTED WITH ANY 
ACTION THAT WE CONTEMPLATE AND KEEP 
STRUGGLING AT IT. AND THAT'S WHAT WE ARE 
DOING. SO I AM NOT TRYING TO TALK ANYBODY 
INTO OR OUT OF ANY PARTICULAR THING, BUT JUST 
FIND SOME AVENUE THAT WE CAN ALL FEEL MORE 



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FM AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0419 

USIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

USINFO WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY AMMAN IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY RIYADH IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY ALGIERS IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 

AMCONSUL JEDDAH IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TUNIS IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY RABAT IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY BEIRUT IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY CAIRO IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY LONDON IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY MOSCOW IMMEDIATE 

UNCLAS SECTION 03 OF 09 JERUSALEM 03412 

CORRECTEDCOPY (HEADING) 

SECSTATE FOR PA AND PA/PRESS, NEA, NEA/IAI, 
NEA/P 

DEPT PASS NSC FOR MR. CARLUCCI 

USIA FOR P ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR, P/PFN, P/G, 

VOA/BBN, VOA/CA, NEA/BULLOCK 

WHITEHOUSE FOR MR. FITZWATER AND MR. HOWARD 

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TAGS: OVIP (SHULTZ, GEORGE P) 

SUBJECT: PRESS CONFERENCE BY SECRETARY OF 

COMFORTABLE WITH AND HE FEELS. OBVIOUSLY, 
WITH AN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE AS DESCRIBED 
BY MANY. 



Q: JAY BUSHINSKY OF THE CHICAGO SUN TIMES. 
DO YOU AGREE WITH THE PRIME MINISTER, MR. 
SHAMIR, THAT THE MAIN OBJECTION TO THE 
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE IS THAT THE SOVIET 
UNION WOULD BE ONE OF THE PARTICIPANTS, AND 
THAT THE SOVIET UNION COULD ONLY BE A 
DESTRUCTIVE ELEMENT IN THE PEACE PROCESS? 

A: OF COURSE THERE ARE THE FACTS THAT IN THE 
PAST THE SOVIET UNION HAS NOT BEEN 
CONSTRUCTIVE TOWARD THIS. AND WHEN SOMEBODY 
HAS MADE CONSTRUCTIVE MOVES LIKE KING 
HUSSEIN'S EFFORT TO FIND SOME REASONABLE 
GROUND WITH THE PLO. AND HE SEEMED TO BE 
FINDING THAT, THEY WAITED ON THE OTHER SIDE 
OF THE LEDGER. THEY DON'T HAVE DIPLOMATIC 
RELATIONS WITH ALL OF THE PARTIES CONCERNED, 
MOST PARTICULARLY ISRAEL. WE HAVE THESE 
CONTINUING, VERY DEEP ISSUES OF SOVIET JEWRY 
THAT THEY NEED TO FACE UP TO. SO THERE ARE 
PROBLEMS THERE. SO THAT IS SOMETHING OF AN 
OBSTACLE. THERE ARE OTHER OBSTACLES, BUT 
THERE ARE ALWAYS OBSTACLES. THE QUESTION IS 
HOW DO YOU DEAL WITH THEM AND SOLVE THE 
PROBLEMS, SO YOU GET SOMEWHERE. I HOPE AT 
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PAGE 03 JERUSA 03412 03 OF 09 2101272 

SOME POINT THE SOVIET UNION MIGHT BE IN A 
CONSTRUCTIVE FRAME OF MIND. 

Q: ANDREW MEISELS OF THE WASHINGTON TIMES. 
MR. SECRETARY, WHEN YOU WILL BE SPEAKING TO 
KING HUSSEIN IN LONDON, WILL YOU BE ABLE TO 
GIVE HIM A DEFINITIVE ANSWER ON THE 
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OR WILL YOU BE ABLE 
TO BRING HIM SOME KIND OF AN ALTERNATIVE FOR 
HIM TO WEIGH BASED ON YOUR TALKS? 

A: I WILL HAVE SOME THINGS TO TALK TO KING 
HUSSEIN ABOUT. AND I WILL RESERVE THEM FOR 
HIM. 

Q: (INAUDIBLE) NEWS SERVICE. MR. SECRETARY. 
WHAT DID YOU MEAN BY THE RISKS OF DOING 
NOTHING...? 

A: ...IN THE SPEECH 1 HAT I G.-WE-WHAT i MEAN 
BY THE RISK OF DC'iNG NOTHING )S THAT (.•= ThiE 



SITUATION JUST DRIFTS AND PEOPLE GET THE 
FEELING THAT THERE IS NO HOPE, THEN THERE 
TENDS TO BE A DEBILITATING PROCESS TAKE 
PLACE. I THINK THEREFORE, HAVING A PROCESS 
THAT IS ALIVE--AND TO BE SEEN TO BE ALIVE. IT 
HAS GENUINELY TO BE ALIVE AND MOVING-ALLOWS 
PEOPLE TO BELIEVE, AT LEAST WITH SOME GENUINE 
BASIS THAT THINGS CAN BE BETTER. I THINK 
THAT IS VERY IMPORTANT. THE RISK OF PEOPLE 
BEING RESIGNED TO FEELING THAT NOTHING CAN 
CHANGE FOR THE BETTER ARE GREAT RISKS BECAUSE 
IT TENDS TO LEAD THEM TO TURN MORE TO 
VIOLENCE. 



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DODE-00 H-01 MSC-01 NEA-04 NSAE-00 SSO-00 HA-09 
L-03 TRSE-00 PM-10 CCO-00 OMB-01 lNRE-00 SP-02 
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FM AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0420 

USIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

USINFO WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY AMMAN IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY RIYADH IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY ALGIERS IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 

AMCONSUL JEDDAH IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TUNIS :MM£DIATi£ 



AMEMBASSY RABAT IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY BEIRUT IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY CAIRO IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY LONDON IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW IMMEDIATE 

UNCLAS SECTION 04 OF 09 JERUSALEM 03412 

CORRECTEDCOPY (HEADING) 

SECSTATE FOR PA AND PA/PRESS, NEA, NEA/IAI, 
NEA/P 

DEPT PASS NSC FOR MR. CARLUCCI 

USIA FOR P ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR, P/PFN, P/G, 

VOA/BBN, VOA/CA, NEA/BULLOCK 

WHITEHOUSE FOR MR. FITZWATER AND MR. HOWARD 

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PAGE 02 JERUSA 03412 04 OF 09 210126Z 
E.O. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: OVIP (SHULTZ, GEORGE P) 

SUBJECT: PRESS CONFERENCE BY SECRETARY OF 

Q: MR. SECRETARY, HOW DO YOU PERCEIVE OR 
CONSIDER THE IDEA RAISED BY THE PRIME 
MINISTER, ITZHAK SHAMIR THAT A MEETING 
BETWEEN HIM AND KING HUSSEIN WITHOUTTHE 
FRAMEWORK OF AN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE 
WOULD SERVE THE CAUSE OF PEACE BETTER THAN 
THE CONFERENCE ITSELF. 

A: KING HUSSEIN HAS TO JUDGE THE MANNER IN 
WHICH HE CAN PRODUCTIVELY MOVE FORWARD. AND I 
THINK WE ALL HAVE TO RESPECT THE CONCERNS OF 
EACH PARTY. IN THE END, OF COURSE, IT'S 
IMPORTANT THAT THE KEY PEOPLE IN THE AREA BE 
ABLE TO SIT DOWN AND TALK TO EACH OTHER AND 
TALK THROUGH THESE PROBLEMS. THAT'S THE WAY 
IN WHICH THEY ARE GOING TO BE DEALT WITH. 
OUTSIDERS REALLY CAN'T DO IT. BUT KING 
HUSSEIN HAS I THINK QUITE UNDERSTANDABLE 
REASONS FOR PROCEEDING WITH A CERTAIN AMOUNT 
OF CAUTION, AS WE HAVE SEEN. 

Q: MR. SECRETARY, GLEN FRANKEL FROM THE 
WASHINGTON POST- ONE EXAMPLE OF THE 
FRUSTRATION YOU iMAY HAVE BERN TAL KING ABOUT 
WAS THE REFUSAL TODAY Of ANY OF V.-iE 



PALESTINIAN LEADERS YOU HAD INVITED HtKE TC 
ATTEND. WHAT WAS YOUR REACTION TO THAT, AND 
WHAT DO YOU THINK THEIR REASONING WAS? 

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PAGE 03 JERUSA 03412 04 OF 09 210126Z 

A: YOU'LL HAVE TO ASK THEM ABOUT THEIR 
REASONING. BUT I THINK IT IS TOO BAD FOR 
THEM BECAUSE THE PALESTINIANS KEEP SAYING 
THEY WANT REPRESENTATION, THEY WANT TO BE 
HEARD, THEY WANT THEIR POINT OF VIEW TO BE 
LISTENED TO, THAT THEY HAVE IDEAS, THAT THEY 
HAVE AN IMPORTANT ROLE, AND OF COURSE I AGREE 
WITH ALL OF THAT. AND SO DOES EVERYBODY. 
IT'S RIGHT IN, FOR EXAMPLE, THE CAMP DAVID 
ACCORDS, THAT THERE ARE LEGITIMATE RIGHTS, 
AND SO ON. SO I CAME HERE AND I HAVE BEEN 
LISTENING TO VARIOUS PEOPLE AS YOU KNOW, AND 
I THOUGHT IT WOULD BE WORTHWHILE TO LISTEN TO 
THEM SO THAT THEY COULD TELL ME WHAT THEIR 
VIEWS ARE, AND WHAT THEIR CONCERNS ARE, AND 
WHAT THEIR IDEAS ARE. SO t THINK THEY HAVE 
MISSED SOMETHING IN NOT TAKING PART IN AN 
IVITATION TO A DIALOGUE. IT'S SORT OF 
CONTRADICTORY FOR THEM TO SAY THAT THEY NEED 
TO BE HEARD, BUT THEN WHEN THEY ARE OFFERED 
THE CHANCE NOT TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF IT. 
UNDOUBTEDLY AS FAR AS INDIVIDUAL HUMAN BEINGS 
ARE CONCERNED, AS I UNDERSTAND IT, A NUMBER 
WERE THREATENED. THAT ONLY REMINDS US THAT 
PEACE HAS ENEMIES, AND IT REMINDS US OF RISKS 
THAT PEOPLE NEED TO TAKE. BUT WE NEED TO 
FOCUS ON THE FACT THAT THE ENEMIES OF PEACE 
ARE NOT BEING CONSTRUCTIVE HERE, AND THE 
ENEMIES OF PEACE AND THE PURVEYORS OF 
VIOLENCE. WHAT HAVE THEY ACHIEVED FOR THE 
PALESTINIAN PEOPLE? NOTHING. YOU CAN 
ACHIEVE MORE BY DIALOGUE AND BY CONSTRUCTIVE 
WORK, AND THERE ARE MANY THINGS THAT HAVE 



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FM AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0421 

USiA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

UStNFO WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY AMMAN IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY RIYADH IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY ALGIERS IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 

AMCONSUL JEDDAH IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TUNIS IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY RABAT IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY BEIRUT IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY CAIRO IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY LONDON IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY MOSCOW IMMEDIATE 

UNCLAS SECTION 05 OF 09 JERUSALEM 03412 

CORRECTEDCOPY (HEADING) 

SECSTATE FOR PA AND PA/PRESS. NEA, NEA/IAI, 
NEA/P 

DEPT PASS NSC FOR MR. CARLUCCI 

USIA FOR P ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR, P/PFN, P/G. 

VOA/BBN. VOA/CA, NEA/BULLOCK 

WHITEHOUSE FOR MR. FITZWATER AND MR. HOWARD 

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TAGS: OVIP (SHULT2, GEORGE P) 

SUBJECT: PRESS CONFERENCE BY SECRETARY OF 

BEEN PUT IN PLACE IN THE LAST TWO OR THREE 
YEARS THAT ARE PROVING CONSTRUCTIVE. I JUST 
HOPE THE ENEMIES OF PEACE WILL HAVE SOME 
SECOND THOUGHTS AND THAT THEY WILL FIND 
THEMSELVES INCREASINGLY IN THE MINORITY. 
THEY ARE PART OF THE PROBLEM THAT PREVENTS 
THE PEOPLE THAT THEY ALLEGEDLY. TO THEM, 
REPRESENT. THEY ARE PART OF PREVENTING THOSE 
PEOPLE FROM EXPRESSING THEIR VIEWS AND MAKING 
THEIR ARGUMENTS; TRYING TO HELP ME GAIN MORE 
INSIGHT INTO THEIR POINT OF VIEW. 

Q: MR. SECRETARY, TOM FRIEDMAN FROM THE NEW 
YORK TIMES. BEFORE YOU CAN BRING THE 
ISRAELIS AND ARABS TOGETHER, IT'S CLEAR YOU 
HAVE TO BRING THE ISRAELIS TOGETHER. DO YOU 
LEAVE HERE FEELING IN YOUR MEETINGS WITH MR. 
SHAMIR AND MR. PERES, THAT THEY ARE ANY 
CLOSER TOGETHER, OR JUST AS FAR APART AS YOU 
KNEW THEM TO BE BEFORE YOU CAME? 

A: I'M NOT GOING TO COMMENT ON THEIR 
DIFFERENCES, ALTHOUGH 1 WOULD SAY FROM MY 
CONVERSATIONS THAT MANY OF THE THINGS THEY 
SAY ABOUT THEIR OBJECTIVES ARE PARALLEL. AND 
I THINK THERE ARE QUESTIONS OF A JUDGEMENT IN 
ASSESSING THE PROSPECTIVENESS OF SOME COURSE 
OF ACTION, OR THE RISKS OF SOME COURSE 
ACTION. BUT AS FAR AS THE DESIRE TO FIND A 
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PAGE 03 JERUSA 03412 05OF09 210125Z 

WAY TO PEACE, AS FAR AS THE RECOGNITION THAT 
SOMEHOW WE HAVE TO FIND OUR WAY TO BILATERAL 
NEGOTIATIONS ARE CONCERNED AND MANY OTHER 
THINGS. THERE'S PERHAPS MORE UNITY IN THE 
UNITY GOVERNMENT THAN PEOPLE GIVE IT CREDIT 
FOR. 

Q: MR. SECRETARY, YOU'RE BEING ASKED HERE TO 
CONSIDER REQUESTS TO DELIVER TO THE SOVIETS 
REQUESTS FROM ISRAEL FOR DIRECT FLIGHTS FOR 
SOVIET JEWS TO ISRAEL, AND AS I UNDERSTAND IT 



FOR A BILAT£HAL ACRCZMENT BETWEEN THE SOVIET 
UNION AND ISRAEL CONCERNING REPATRIATION OF 
SOVIET JEWS. WHAT'S THE AMERICAN VIEW ON 
THOSE REQUESTS AND OTHER REQUESTS THAT MIGHT 
TEND TO HAVE THE EFFECT OF REDUCING THE 
OPTIONS AVAILABLE TO THOSE SOVIET JEWS WHO 
ARE ALLOWED TO EMIGRATE? 

A: WELL OF COURSE IF IT TURNS OUT TO BE 
POSSIBLE FOR ISRAEL AND THE SOVIET UNION TO 
MAKE A BILATERAL AGREEMENT, AND THROUGH THAT 
AGREEMENT TO BRING ABOUT THE EMIGRATION AND 
RPATRIATION OF MORE JEWS WHO WISH TO LEAVE 
THE SOVIET UNION, I THINK THAT WOULD BE 
WONDERFUL. NOW, I DO THINK IT'S IMPORTANT, I 
SAY THIS AS A KIND OF LIBERTARIAN, THAT 
INDIVIDUALS HAVE FREEDOM OF CHOICE. SO i 
WILL ALWAYS STAND FOR THAT PRINCIPAL. BUT IF 
SOMEBODY SAYS THAT THAT PERSON WANTS TO 
EMIGRATE TO ISRAEL, THEN THAT'S FINE, THAT'S 
A CHOICE, LET THEM MAKE IT. I BELIEVE THERE 
WAS A GREAT MESSAGE ALSO--I FELT, FROM IDA 
NUDEL--A PERSON WHO HAD NEVER BEFORE BEEN IN 



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FM AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0422 



USIA WASHCC IMMEDIATE 
WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
USINFO WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY AMMAN IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY RIYADH IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY ALGIERS IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 
AMCONSUL JEDDAH IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY TUNIS IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY RABAT IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY BEIRUT IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY CAIRO IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY LONDON IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW IMMEDIATE 

UNCLAS SECTION 06 OF 09 JERUSALEM 03412 

CORRECTEpCOPY(HEADING) 

SECSTATE FOR PA AND PA/PRESS. NEA, NEA/IAI. 

NEA/P 

DEFT PASS NSC FOR MR. CARLUCCI 

USIA FOR P ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR, P/PFN, P/G, 

VOA/BBN, VOA/CA, NEA/BULLOCK 

WHITEHOUSE FOR MR. FITZWATER AND MR. HOWARD 

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TAGS: OVIP (SHULTZ, GEORGE P) 

SUBJECT: PRESS CONFERENCE BY SECRETARY OF 

ISRAEL. AND WHEN SHE WAS GENEROUS ENOUGH TO 
CALL ME UP WHEN SHE GOT HERE THE OTHER DAY. 
I WAS IN WASHINGTON, AS I REPORTED, AND WHAT 
SHE SAID WAS "I'M HOME" SO I THINK THERE IS 
A DEEP MESSAGE IN THOSE TWO PROFOUND WORDS 
FROM THIS MOST IMPRESSIVE LADY. 

Q: MARY CURTIS, BOSTON GLOBE. lJUST WANTED 
TO FOLLOW UP ON MR. MELMAN'S QUESTION. DO 
YOU THINK IT WOULD BE A GOOD IDEA AT THIS 
POINT IN TIME FOR PRIME MINISTER SHAMIR AND 
KING HUSSEIN TO MEET? AND WOULD YOU WANT TO 
PUT THAT FORWARD AS A PROPOSAL WHEN YOU MEET 
WITH THE KING? 



A: IF YOU SAV THAT YCU SLLIEVE AS I DO, THAT 
IN THE END THE WAY TO SETTLE THESE QUESTIONS . 
IS THROUGH BILATERAL NEGOTIATIONS, THEN 
THAT'S WHAT YOU ARE TRYING TO ARRANGE--IS A 
WAY TO MEET AND TO COME TO GRIPS DIRECTLY 
WITH THESE PROBLEMS. AND IN A SENSE, THAT IS 
THE QUESTION, HOW DO YOU ARRANGE THE SCENERY 
SO THAT SUCH A NEGOTIATION IS POSSIBLE? AND 
WE ALL REALIZE THAT THERE ARE IMPEDIMENTS. 
SO YOU TRY TO DEAL WITH THOSE IMPEDIMENTS. 
AND IN A WAY, AS YOU DISCUSS THE PEACE 
PROCESS, OR AS 1 DO, YOU KIND OF RATCHET BACK 
AND FORTH BETWEEN DISCUSSIONS OF SUBSTANTIVE 
ISSUES, AND DISCUSSIONS OF PROCEDURAL ISSUES 
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PAGE 03 JERUSA 03412 06OF09 210122Z 

AND TRY TO FIND SOME COMBINATION THAT WILL 
WORK. WE HAVEN'T FOUND IT, BUT WE KEEP 
INCHING ALONG AT IT. AND THAT'S WHAT WE ARE 
TRYING TO DO. 

Q: MR, SECRETARY, DAOUD KOUTAB FROM EAST 
JERUSALEM. YOU'VE TALKED ABOUT THE 
IMPROVEMENT OF THE QUALITY OF LIFE IN THE 
OCCUPIED TERRITORIES, BUT SINCE YOU'VE MADE 
THIS PHRASE, THE DEFENSE MINISTER RABIN HAS 
IMPOSED DEPORTATIONS, ADMINISTRATIVE 
DETENTIONS, AND TOWN ARRESTS. WE ALSO HAVE 
THE PROBLEM OF PALESTINIAN FAMILY 
REUNIFICATION. CAN YOU COMMENT ON THESE 
HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS? 

A: OF COURSE THERE ARE PROBLEMS. AS WELL AS 
ADVANCES. AND WE DISCUSSED THE PROBLEMS. WE 
HAVE A VERY GOOD. STRONG DIALOGUE WITH ISRAEL 
ABOUT THEM, AND I THINK THERE HAVE BEEN A 
NUMBER THAT HAVE BEEN. ADDRESSED IN A 
SATISFACTORY WAY. THERE HAVE ALSO BEEN 
POSITIVE THINGS THAT HAVE TAKEN PLACE, THAT 
SEEM TO BE WORKING, SUCH AS THE ESTABLISHMENT 
OF.AN ARAB BANK. IT'S NOW ACCUMULATING MORE 
BRANCHES, DEPOSITS ARE COMING IN AND FROM THE 
STANDPOINT OF THE POPULATION, ITS THEIR BANK 
SO TO SPEAK. AND IT'S WORKING. AND THERE ARE 
OTHER EXAMPLES. SO. THERE ARE PROBLEMS AND 
THERE ARE ADVANCES AND SO YOU HAVE TO WORK TO 
TRY TO SOLVE THE PROBLEMS AND THINK OF NEW 
THINGS TO DO THAT WILL MOVE MATTERS ALONG. 



AND THAT'S WHAf WE'P.E DOIN'G. AND WE HAVtl A 
VERY GOOD DIALOGUE WITH THE GOVERNMENT OF 
ISRAEL ON THIS MATTER. AMBASSADOR PICKERING 

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L-03 TRSE-00 PM-10 CCO-00 OMB-01 INRE-00 SP-02 
SNP-01 FAIM-01 C-01 PRS-01 P-02 T-01 /051 W 
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FM AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0423 

USIA WASHDCIMMEDIATE 

WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

USINFO WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY AMMAN IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY RIYADH IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY ALGIERS IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 

AMCONSUL JEDDAH IMMEDIATE 

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AMEMBASSY LONDON IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY MOSCOW IMMEDIATE 

UNCLAS SECTION 07 OF 09 JERUSALEM 03412 

CORRECTEDCOPY (HEADING) ' 

SECSTATE FOR PA AND PA/PRESS. NEA. NEA/IAI, 
NEA/P 

DEPT PASS NSC FOR MR. CARLUCCI 

USIA FOR P ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR, P/PFN, P/G. 

VOA/BBN, VOA/CA, NEA/BULLOCK 

WHITEHOUSE FOR MR. FITZWATER AND MR. HOWARD 

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TAGS: OVIP (£HUL1Z, GZORoC P) 

SUBJECT: PRESS CONFERENCE BY SECRETARY OF 

DOES. AND I MIGHT SAY IT'S SOURCE OF SOME 
SATISFACTION. AND I THINK WE SHOULD TAKE 
SOME PRIDE IN THE UNITED STATES AT THE 
QUALITY OF OUR AMBASSADOR HERE AND I SAY THAT 
BECAUSE WHEREVER 1 GO, PEOPLE SORT OF 
CASUALLY SEEM TO QUIETLY LET ME KNOW, "GEE 
YOU SURE GOT A CAPABLE AMBASSADOR HERE." AND 
I MIGHT SAY WE'LL WELCOME THE ISRAELI 
AMBASSADOR TO WASHINGTON. WE'RE WELL 
REPRESENTED IN BOTH COUNTRIES. 

QUESTION: BUT THE HUMAN RIGHTS ISSUE. YOU 
DIDN'T ADDRESS, SIR. 

A: WELL, I THOUGHT I DID. I SAID THAT WE 
HAVE A STRONG DIALOGUE, WE DISCUSS ALL THESE 
PROBLEMS AND SO, ON THE ONE HAND, YOU DISCUSS 
THE PROBLEMS, WHERE THERE ARE GENUINE 
PROBLEMS AND YOU TRY TO WORK IN A POSITIVE 
WAY. THAT'S WHAT WE ARE DOING. 

Q: MR. SECRETARY: IT IS NOW THREE MONTHS 

SINCE... 

A: I'M TOLD THAT THE ONLY WAY TO TAKE CONTROL 
OF PRESS CONFERENCES, IS TO POINT TO PEOPLE. 
I GOT THAT INFORMATION IN WASHINGTON. 

Q: MR. SECRETARY. DON OBERDORFER OF THE 
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PAGE 03 JERUSA 03412 07OF09 210119Z 

WASHINGTON POST. BEFORE YOU CAME YOUR AIDS 
IN WASHINGTON AND PRACTICALLY ALL THE ISRAELI 
PAPERS SINCE YOU'VE BEEN HERE HAVE TALKED NEW 
IDEAS BEING DISCUSSED AND GENERATED. IN YOUR 
SPEECH TODAY AT THE WEI2MANN INSTITUTE, YOU 
SAID, "THOSE WHO ARE RELUCTANT TO EXPLORE NEW 
IDEAS OR EVEN REVISIT OLD ONES HAVE AN 
OBLIGATION TO OFFER SOMETHING DIFFERENT AS AN 
ALTERNATIVE TO THE STATUS QUO." IS THIS A 
DESCRIPTION OF THE KIND OF REACTION THAT 
THERE'S BEEN TO SOME IDEAS THAT YOU HAVE BEEN 
PROPOSING, OR COULD YOU EXPLAIN A LITTLE BIT 
MORE OF WHAT YOU HAD IN MIND WHEN YOU SAID 
THAT? 



A: NO, IT'S NOT A DESCRIPTION OF WHAT I'VE 
RUN INTO HERE AT ALL QUITE TO THE 
CONTRARY. I FIND AN EAGERNESS TO DISCUSS THE 
PEACE PROCESS ON ALL SIDES. ITS REALLY VERY 
MUCH AKIN TO SOMETHING I SAID. EARLIER IN 
WASHINGTON, IN ONE OF MY TALKS, I FORGET 
WHICH ONE, ADDRESSING THIS SUBJECT. AND ITS 
JUST BY WAY OF SAYING THAT I THINK ALL OF US 
WHO HAVE SOME RESPONSIBILITIES HERE NEED TO 
KEEP THINKING AND WORKING AND EXAMINING NEW 
IDEAS, AND BEING WILLING TO TAKE A LOOK AT 
THE OLD ONES AGAIN. AND TO THE EXTENT THAT 
WE COME UP WITH A CONCLUSION THAT MAYBE WHAT 
WE'RE TALKING ABOUT DOESNT WORK, TO DIG IN 
AND TRY TO THINK OF SOME OTHER WAYS. BECAUSE 
I THINK THAT JUST DRIFTING IS NOT GOOD - THAT 
IS ALSO A COURSE OF ACTION, AND IT ALSO HAS 
ITS RISKS, AND ITS PROBLEMS. SO DOING 
NOTHING IS NOT AN EMPTY COURSE OF ACTION; IT 



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FM AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0424 

USIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

USINFO WASHDC IMMEDIATE 



AMEMBASSYAMr/AN IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY RIYADH IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY ALGIERS IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 
AMCONSUL JEDDAH IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY TUNIS IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY RABAT IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY BEIRUT IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY CAIRO IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY LONDON IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW IMMEDIATE 

UNCLAS SECTION 08 OF 09 JERUSALEM 03412 

CORRECTED COPY (HEADING) 

SECSTATE FOR PA AND PA/PRESS, NEA, NEA/IAI. 
NEA/P 

DEPT PASS NSC FOR MR. CARLUCCI 

USIA FOR P ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR, P/PFN, P/G, 

VOA/BBN, VOA/CA, NEA/BULLOCK 

WHITEHOUSE FOR MR. FITZWATER AND MR. HOWARD 

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E.O. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: OVIP (SHULTZ, GEORGE P) 

SUBJECT: PRESS CONFERENCE BY SECRETARY OF 

HAS CONSEQUENCES TOO. SO I WAS JUST SORT OF 
EXHORTING, MYSELF AND EVERYBODY ELSE, TO KEEP 
WORKING AT IT. WHICH IS WHAT WE'VE BEEN 
DOING. AND I HAVE FOUND GREAT RECEPTIVITY TO 
THAT EFFORT. 

Q: JOHN BRODER FROM THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE. I'D 
LIKE TO ASK A QUESTION ABOUT THE GULF, IF I 
MAY. 

A: I REALLY DONT HAVE ANYTHING NEW TO SAY 
FROM YESTERDAY. I JUST CHECKED IN BRIEFLY. 
I'VE BEEN BUSY ALL DAY, AND I FOUND THAT 
THERE'S NOTHING IN PARTICULAR TO ADD. 

Q: WELL. IN THE EVENT OF A MAJOR IRANIAN 
BREAKTHROUGH AGAINST THE IRAQIS ON THE LAND 
WAR AGAINST IRAQ, WOULD THE UNITED STATES 



CONSIDER THAT ElvlOUuH Of A THREAT OR A 
POTENTIAL THREAT TO ITS INTERESTS IN THE 
GULF. TO MAKE A CLAR COMMITMENT TO THE ARAB 
GULF STATES THAT IT WILL NOT ALLOW IRAN TO 
WIN THE WAR, AND THAT IT WILL DEFEND ARAB 
GULF STATES AGAINST AGGRESSION? 

A: I DONT SEE THAT THERE'S ANY PROSPECT OF 
THAT, AND PARTICULARLY IN THE LIGHT OF THAT 
FACT AND ALL THE DANGERS INVOLVED IN IFFY 
QUESTIONS, I'LL PASS. 
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PAGE 03 JERUSA 03412 08OF09 210118Z 



Q: PALESTINE PRESS SERVICE: I WOULD LIKE TO 
HEAR AN EXPLANATION FROM YOU SIR, ABOUT THIS 
SORT OF CONTRADICTION IN STATEMENTS WHEN A 
JEW IN THE SOVIET UNION IS DENIED DEPARTURE 

A: SPEAK A LITTLE SLOWLY BECAUSE I AM NOT 
UNDERSTANDING YOU. 

Q: OKAY, I AM ASKING IF POSSIBLE FOR AN 
EXPLANATION ON THIS SORT OF CONTRADICTION IN 
STATEMENTS WHEN A JEW IN THE SOVIET UNION IS 
DENIED DEPARTURE, YOU CALL IT A HUMAN RIGHTS 
VIOLATION. WHEN A WHOLE NATION IS SUPPRESSED 
UNDER OCCUPATION. YOU CALL IT JUST PROBLEMS, 
BUT YOU ARE HAVING DIALOGUE WITH ISRAELI 
AUTHORITIES. 

A: WELL, I DONT KNOW OF ANY LIMITATIONS ON 
EMIGRATION. THERE ARE PROBLEMS IN OCCUPIED 
TERRITORIES. WE KNOW THAT. AND AS ISSUES 
ARISE, SOME THAT FALL UNDER THE CATEGORY OF 
HUMAN RIGHTS. AND OTHER ISSUES AS WELL. WE 
DISCUSS THEM WITH THE GOVERNMENT OF ISRAEL 
AT THE SAME TIME, I AM VERY GLAD TO BE ABLE 
TO SAY, THAT THERE ARE MANY THINGS THAT HAVE 
BEEN DONE--AND I HAVE BEEN WORKING ON THEM 
RECENTLY--THAT ARE DESIGNED TO IMPROVE THE 
GENERAL QUALITY OF LIFE, INCLUDING THE 
ABILITY TO TAKE PART IN GOVERNING YOURSELF TO 
A GREATER EXTENT. AND THINGS OF THAT KIND. 
SO THE ANSWER TO YOUR QUESTION IS THAT WE DO 
SPEAK ABOUT PROBLEMS WHEREVER THEY OCCUR. 
THAT IS THE GENERAL POLICY OF THE UNITED 
STATES, AND MY GENERAL POLICY. BUT IF YOU 



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L-03 TRSE-00 PM-10 CCO-00 OMB-01 INRE-OO SP-02 
SNP-01 FAIM-01 G-01 PRS-01 P-02 T-01 /051 W 
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FM AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0425 

USIAWASHDC IMMEDIATE 

WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

UStNFO WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY AMMAN IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY RIYADH IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY ALGIERS IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 

AMCONSUL JEDDAH IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TUNIS IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY RABAT IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY BEIRUT IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY CAIRO IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY LONDON IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY MOSCOW IMMEDIATE 

UNCLAS SECTION 09 OF 09 JERUSALEM 03412 

CORRECTEDCOPY (HEADING) 

SECSTATE FOR PA AND PA/PRESS, NEA, NEA/IAI, 
NEA/P 

DEPT PASS NSC FOR MR. CARLUCCI 

USIA FOR P ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR, P/PFN, P/G, 

VOA/BBN. VOA/CA, NEA/BULLOCK 

WHITEHOUSE FOR MR, FiTZWATER AND MR. HOWARD 

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E.O. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: OVIP (SHULTZ, GEORGE P) 

SUBJECT: PRESS CONFERENCE BY SECRETARY OF 



ARE INFERRING THAT WHAT'C TME CASE IN THE 
WEST BANK AND WHAT'S THE CASE IN THE SOVIET 
UNION ARE SIMILAR, I CERTAINLY DON'T AGREE 
WITH THAT AT ALL 

Q: MR. SECRETARY, DAVID BEDEIN, ISRAEL 
RESOURCE NETWORK IN EFRAT, A NEW JEWISH 
SUBURB OF BETHLEHEM. IT IS NOW THREE MONTHS 
SINCE MEIR KAHANE HAS BEEN $WORN IN THE 
ISRAELI KNESSET. IS THE U.S. HESITANCY TO 
STRIP KAHANE OF HIS CITIZENSHIP IN ANYWAY 
CONNECTED TO KAHANE'S PAST HISTORY OF 
EMPLOYMENT BY U.S. INTELLIGENCE? 

A: NO. 

Q: MR. SECRETARY, RAF! MANN, MAARIV. COULD 
YOU TELL US PLEASE, IN WHAT WAYS CAN THE U.S. 
ASSIST MINIMIZING THE RISKS INVOLVED IN AN 
INTERNATIONAL PEACE CONFERENCE AT LEAST AS IT 
IS SEEN BY PRIME MINISTER SHAMIR? FOR 
EXAMPLE, WOULD YOU CONSIDER SOME KIND OF A 
MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN THE TWO 
GOVERNMENTS PRIOR TO SUCH A CONFERENCE? 

A: AN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE, AS SUCH, FOR 
ITS OWN SAKE, DOESN'T HAVE ANY PARTICULAR 
INTEREST TO THE UNITED STATES. WE DONT 
THINK THAT THAT AS AN OBJECTIVE IS THE WAY TO 
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PAGE 03 JERUSA 03412 09 OF 09 210117Z 

ACHIEVE SOMETHING. WE THINK THE WAY TO 

ACHIEVE SOMETHING IS THROUGH DIRECT 
NEGOTIATIONS. THE QUESTION IS WHETHER OR NOT 
SOME SORT OF INTERNATIONAL UMBRELLA, 
AUSPICES, CONFERENCE OR CALL IT WHAT YOU 
WILL, CAN BE CONSTRUCTED THAT WILL MAKE IT 
EASIER TO BRING ABOUT THOSE DIRECT 
NEGOTIATIONS. AS YOU TRY TO DO THAT, YOU SEE 
THAT THERE ARE PROBLEMS OF ONE KIND OR 
ANOTHER-THERE'S NO DOUBT ABOUT IT-CONNECTED 
WITH ANY SUCH A GATHERING. SO YOU SCRATCH 
YOUR HEAD. AND ASK YOURSELF HOW CAN YOU DEAL 
WITH THESE VARIOUS PROBLEMS, AND TRY TO 
EXPLORE JUST WHAT THEY ARE. WE HAVE DONE 
THAT IN THE PAST, AND WE CONTINUE TO LOOK FOR 
OTHER POSSIBLE WAYS OF BRINGING ABOUT THE 



RESULT WE »SEE< I MI-5HV SAY THE RESUL T IS 
NOT BILATERAL NEGOTiATIONS ANY MORE THAN IT 
IS AN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE. THE RESULT 
WE SEEK IS PEACE. THAT'S THE OBJECT. SO WE 
KEEP STRUGGLING AWAY AT IT. 

MR. REDMAN: THANK YOU. 

END TEXT. 

BEIRUT MINIMIZE CONSIDERED. 
SHULTZ 



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Current Handling Restrictions "* n/a 
Current Classification "* UNCLASSIFIED 




Current fcfessifpatipn***; CHj&li/js^R^^^* fj 

*" Current Pfanafi^^RgSWtt^ortS— TiA • 

«<"" OASYS DOCUMENT HEADER "*>» 

DOC_NBR= 87SECTO06631 

FiLM= D870863-0739 

DATE=20OCT87 

TYPE= TE 

FROM= HELSINKI 

DRAFTER= n/a 

OFFICES ACTION PA 

T0= STATE 
LONDON 

GHANNEL=n/a 

ORIGHAND= n/a 

ORIGPHAND= n/a 

ORIGCLASS= UNCLASSIFIED 

ORIGPCLASS=n/a 

E0= N/A 

SUBJECTS TRANSCRIPT: SECRETARY'S ON THE RECORD REMARKS ENROUTE FROM LONt 
HELSINKI, OCTOBER 20. 1987 Q: MR. SECRETARY. COULD YOU WRAP UP THE MID-EAST 

REFERENCES n/a 

CONTROL_NBR=n/a. 

ENCLOSURES n/a 

LOCATORS TEXT ON-LINE. ON lyilCROFILM 

ERRORS= N/A 

CONCEPTS= PRESS CONFERENCE, TEXT 

TAGS= OPRC, OVIP, (SHULTZ. GEORGE P) ^ 3 ^ ^ i ^ ^ 

DEPART MENT OF;S^iA^^: ; .f : V '-^ff: .^flfty^^V^^ jP^^a u/>'/^i' 



! tXC;S£ t ) DECLASSIFY 

, \ DiNf IN PART 

I 1 

r-ili. '■v^T'ptinnii 

':'A EMc-mptiana 



Liiiations. 



TS authority to 



( ) CLASSIFY as ( 1 S or 

( ) DOWNGRADE TS to ( ) S or 



««.»»• • ; : 

UNCLASSI^lEd" 



PAGE 01 SECTO 06631 01 OF03 210012Z 
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INFO LOG-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 INR-10 EUR-00 SS-00 NEA-04 
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FM USDEL SECRETARY IN HELSINKI 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0000 

INFO AMEMBASSY LONDON IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS IMMEDIATE 

AMCONSUL JEDDAH IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY RIYADH IMMEDIATE 

AMCONSULJERUSALEM IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY BEIRUT IMMEMDIATE 

AMEMBASSY CAIRO IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY AMMAN IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY MANAMA IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY KUWAIT IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY RABAT IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TUNIS IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY MOSCOW IMMEDIATE 

USIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 SECRETARY IN HELSINKI 06631 
FOR PA AND PA/PRESS 

DEPARTMENT PASS WHITE HOUSE FOR MR. FITZWATER AND MR. 

HOWARD 

USIA FOR P, P/PFO, P/G, VOA 

JERUSALEM FOR AMBASSADOR MURPHY 

E.0. 12356: N/A 
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PAGE 02 SECTO 06631 01 OF 03 210012Z 
TAGS: OViP (SHULTZ, GEORGE P.) 

SUBJECT: TRANSCRIPT: SECRETARYS ON THE RECORD REMARKS 
ENROUTE FROM LONDON TO HELSINKI, OCTOBER 20, 1987 

Q: MR. SECRETARY, COULD YOU V*fl3jvlj;|l4TFE*/lp/EA5T:FOR^J^r 



us NOW F4vtlfiG^SEf N ijljSSpK^'CSO tOU BRJNG THEM BAD 
NEWS-OR-ABOUrTHE PeACeCCfi#EFfet<eSl^EALLY NOT BEING. 
HAVING MUCH OF CHANCE RIGHT NOW OR WHAT? 

A: WITH KING HUSSEIN, WE HAD BASICALLY THE SAME KIND 
OF DISCUSSION THAT I HAD WITH OTHERS. WE TALKED ABOUT 
THINGS IN OUR BILATERAL RELATIONSHIP, OUR EFFORTS ON 
THE QUALITY OF LIFE ON THE WEST BANK AND THE GENERAL 
SITUATION IN THE AREA, THE IRAN-IRAQ WAR, AND, OF 
COURSE WE DISCUSSED THE PEACE PROCESS. 

I GUESS I WOULD MORE OR LESS USE THE SAME WORDS IVE 
USED BEFORE IN TRYING TO MOVE BACK AND FORTH BETWEEN 
PROCEDURES OR MODALITIES AS HE CALLS THEM, AND 
SUBSTANCE. I THINK THE NET OF IT ALL IS I FEEL THAT 
WE'RE A LITTLE WAYS AHEAD. BUT I CANT REALLY POINT TO 
MUCH ON THE PEACE PROCESS. BUT AT ANY RATE, I HAVE A 
BETTER IDEA OF WHERE THE EMPHASES ARE. THEY TEND TO 
CHANGE AS YOU GO ALONG. HE IS...HAS VERY MUCH ON HIS 
MIND, THE AMMAN CONFERENCE AND HE WAS KIND ENOUGH TO 
TELL US HIS VIEWS ABOUT THAT AND ASPIRATIONS FOR THAT. 
SO THAT WAS ALL TOGETHER WORTHWHILE, BUT NOTHING WORLD 
SHATTERING ABOUT IT. 

0: WHEN YOU SPOKE TO SHAMIR DID YOU DETECT ANY 
WILLINGNESS TO ACCEPT THE SOVIETS INTO A PEACE 
CONFERENCE, IF THE SOVIETS OBSERVE CERTAIN CONDITIONS 
TO CHANGE THEIR POSITIONS OR BEHAVIOR? 
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a: the soviets present him a problem because they 
dont recognize israel. they voted just a couple of 
weeks ago i guess it was, at the united nations to 
expel israel again. the treatment of jews in the 
soviet union is tough and while there has been some 
very welcomed permissions to emigrate and an increase 
in emigration. its still far below what the israelis 
expect or think as a reasonable level. and we agree 
With that, so that means that he is uneasy about the 
soviet role but (inaudible). 

q: did he say that if the soviets changed their 
positions he might reconsider that or dtdnt go that 

FAR? 

A: I DON'T KNOW IF YOU SAY IF TH^SpViEJ-S W/ER&TO ■ 

ESTABLISH DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH 1SR«EL,*TD'M4»<E A: • •• : ' 



DECLARATI€>KI tHAT ANVyi WlSMJ^ilSCHlN fl^E SOVIET UNION 
THAT WANT§ tOUX'^^MaVGO'SO. TH/fTTHEY ARE CHANGING 
THEIR ATTITUDE TOWARD JEWISH LIFE IN THE SOVIET UNION 
AND A BUNCH OF OTHER THINGS. NATURALLY HIS ATTITUDE 
TOWARD THEM WOULD CHANGE, I DONT DOUBT THAT THERE'S 
(INAUDIBLE). THOSE ARE ALL DO-ABLE AND IMPORTANT 
OBJECTIVES, BUT THEY ARE CERTAINLY A LONG WAYS FROM 
BEING FULFILLED. IT DEPRESSES HIM THAT THEY WOULD VOTE 
AGAINST HIM AGAIN AT THE UN. SEEMS LIKE A ROUTINE 
THING THEY ALWAYS DO, BUT NEVERTHELESS IT MAKES IT 
CLEAR. 

Q: YOU SAID THAT MR. SHAMIR WOULD COME TO WASHINGTON 
SOMETIME NEXT YEAR. HAVE YOU ALSO INVITED KING HUSSEIN 
AND PRESIDENT MUBARAK TO COME AND DID THEY INDICATE 



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INFO AMEMBASSY LONDON IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSYTEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS IMMEDIATE 

AMCONSUL JEDDAH IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY RIYADH IMMEDIATE 

AMCONSUL JERUSALEM IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY BEIRUT IMMEMDIATE .•: "l : : • ; • 

AMEMBASSY CAIRO IMMEDIATE ,',{ \ ,l\ \ „*. \. I'l t \ 



AMEMBASSY MA'NJWAIMMBDIATE* • *• 

AMEMBASSY KUWAIT IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY RABAT IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY TUNIS IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW IMMEDIATE 
USIAWASHDC IMMEDIATE 

UNCLAS SECTION 02 OF 03 SECRETARY IN HELSINKI 06631 
FOR PA AND PA/PRESS 

DEPARTMENT PASS WHITE HOUSE FOR MR. FITZWATER AND MR. 

HOWARD 

USIA FOR P, P/PFO, P/G, VOA 

JERUSALEM FOR AMBASSADOR MURPHY 

E.0. 12356: N/A 
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PAGE 02 SECTO 06631 02 OF 03 210013Z 
TAGS: OVIP (SHULTZ. GEORGE P.) 

SUBJECT: TRANSCRIPT: SECRETARY'S ON THE RECORD REMARKS 

WHETHER THEY WOULD NOW BE INTERESTED IN COMING TO SEE 

THE PRESIDENT? 

Q: PRIME MINISTER SHAMIR IS GOING TO BE IN MIAMI FOR A 
MAJOR EVENT THAT'S PART OF HIS SCHEDULE. AND SO WE 
ARRANGED TOGETHER FOR HIM IN A SENSE TO COME THROUGH 
WASHINGTON AND TO DROP IN TO SEE THE PRESIDENT AND. OF 
COURSE, I'LL SEE HIM, PLAN TO HAVE A LUNCH FOR HIM AND 
THEN HE GOES ON ABOUT HIS WAY. SO THAT WILL BE A 
CHANCE TO TOUCH BASE WITH HIM. BUT THEN AT SOME POINT 
DURING THE YEAR. I DONT THINK THERE HAS BEEN ANY TIME 
FOCUSED IN ON. WE WOULD LOOK FORWARD TO HAVING HIM IN 
WASHINGTON ON A MORE FORMAL VISIT. 

WITH PRESIDENT MUBARAK. WE'VE DISCUSSED THE QUESTION OF 
COMING TO WASHINGTON SOME TIME IN THE EARLY PART OF 
NEXT YEAR, IF WE CAN BE WORK THAT OUT. BUT CERTAINLY 
HE IS MORE THAT WELCOME AND MY IMPRESSION IS THAT HE'D 
LIKE TO COME. WE DIDN'T HAVE ANY DISCUSSION OF A TRIP 
WITH KING HUSSEIN, ALTHOUGH OUR DIALOGUE IS VERY WARM 
AND WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF WHAT WE CAN DO, WE'RE DOING 
IT. •• ••• • • • 



Q: MR. SE|f5^/iflY,lBEfqFfE.?QU:LfiFT:/JkD:irJTHE EARLY 
STAGES OPTHIS TRIP*AT1.EAST IT WAS IWV l3^JDERSTANDING 
THAT WHAT YOU WERE INVOLVED IN WAS A KIND OF 
EXPLORATION TO SEE IF YOU COULD GET SOME CREATIVE 
THOUGHTS, I THINK YOU CALLED THEM AT ONE STAGE, GOING 
TO RESTART THIS PROCESS, PEACE PROCESS. 

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PAGE 03 SECTO 06631 02 OF 03 210013Z 

IT SOUNDS AS THOUGH YOU REALLY HAVENT BEEN ABLE TO 
FIND ANYTHING THAT'S ABLE TO RESTART IT. IN FACT I 
INTERPRETED WHAT YOU SAID YESTERDAY AFTERNOON TO US ON 
THE WAY TO LONDON AS SAYING THAT IT DOESN'T LOOK LIKE 
THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE IS THE WAY TO GO, YOU HAVE 
TO LOOK FOR SOME KIND OF SUBSTITUTE FOR IT.- WHAT tS 
YOUR ASSESSMENT OF WHETHER THIS PROCESS NOW CAN BE 
RESTARTED AND AFTER HEARING THESE IDEAS HOW POSSIBLY TO 
COULD GO ABOUT IT? 

A: IT'S IMPORTANT TO KEEP WORKING AT IT, AND WE WILL 
KEEP WORKING AT IT. BUT AS I SAID, REALISTICALLY I 
CANT POINT TO ANY PARTICULAR THING THAT MOVES MATTERS 
FORWARD. BUT THERE CONTINUES TO BE A GREAT INTEREST IN 
IT, AND I DID SENSE ALL AROUND A HEIGHTENED, IF 
ANYTHING, INTEREST IN WORKING FOR PEACE. IT'S VERY 
MUCH ON PEOPLE'S MINDS. 

I THINK THERE IS A SENSE OF SOME INCREASE IN TENSIONS 
AND PROBLEMS, ECONOMIC PROBLEMS, OTHER PROBLEMS, SO 
THERE IS A GREATER APPRECIATION OF WHAT A SUCCESSFUL 
PEACE PROCESS COULD DO FOR THE REGION. BUT IT IS VERY 
HARD TO TRANSLATE THAT FEELING INTO SPECIFIC 
OPERATIONAL THINGS. 

Q: MR. SECRETARY. I BELIEVE YOU SAID THAT fN YOUR 
CONVERSATIONS WITH PRESIDENT MUBARAK YOU TALKED ABOUT 
VORONTSOVS VISIT TO THE REGION. DID MUBARAK INDICATE 
THAT VORONTSOV PROPOSED ANYTHING HIMSELF OR GIVEN ANY 
INDICATION THAT THEY WERE WILLING TO ACT ON SOME OF 
THESE ISSUES THAT DISTURB THE ISRAELIS SO? 

A: HE JUST TOLD ME ABOUT THE VISIT AND VORONTSOV IS A 



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INFO AMEMBASSY LONDON IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS IMMEDIATE 

AMCONSUL JEDDAH IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY RIYADH IMMEDIATE 

AMCONSUL JERUSALEM IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY BEIRUT IMMEMDIATE 

AMEMBASSY CAIRO IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY AMMAN IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY MANAMA IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY KUWAIT IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY RABAT IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TUNIS IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY MOSCOW IMMEDIATE 

USIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

UNCLAS SECTION 03 OF 03 SECRETARY IN HELSINKI 06631 
FOR PA AND PA/PRESS 

DEPARTMENT PASS WHITE HOUSE FOR MR. FITZWATER AND MR. 
HOWARD 

USIA FOR P, P/PFO, P/G, VOA 
JERUSALEM FOR AMBASSADOR MURPHY 



E.O. 12356: N/A 
UNCLASSIFIED 



• ••• • •••• •« 

• • • • > • • 

UNCLASSlPfECf**'** * ' • • 



PAGE 02 SECTO 06631 03 OF 03 2100142 
TAGS: OVIP (SHULT2. GEORGE P.) 

SUBJECT: TRANSCRIPT: SECRETARY'S ON THE RECORD REMARKS 

GOOD DIPLOMAT AND ENGAGES IN A CONVERSATIONAL MANNER 
WITH PEOPLE, AS DISTINCT FROM COMING IN GRUFFLY TELLING 
THEM WHAT THEY THINK AND THAT SHIFT OF STYLE DOES HAVE 
AN IMPACT ON PEOPLE, JUST AS GORBACHEV'S CHANGE OF 
STYLE IS INTERESTING TO PEOPLE. SO THAT THEY REMARK ON 
THAT. 

THE SOVIETS, OF COURSE, ARE PUSHING VERY HARD ON 
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE. THE KIND OF CONFERENCE THAT 
THE SOVIETS DESCRIBE IS EXACTLY THE KIND OF CONFERENCE 
THAT THE ISRAELIS ARE SHY OF, AND I AGREE WITH THE 
ISRAELIS ON THAT. IT'S A CONFERENCE IN THEIR MINDS 
THAT HAS A CONTINUING ROLE AND WILL HAVE A SUBSTANTIVE 
ROLE TO PLAY IN THE NEGOTIATIONS. HOWEVER MUCH THERE 
MAY BE SOME BILATERAL GROUPS. THAT'S EXACTLY THE 
PROBLEM. SO THERE IS A DIFFERENCE OF VIEW, AND IT ALL 
JUST SUGGESTS THAT WHAT AN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE - 
THAT'S TWO WORDS THAT CAN MEAN A TREMENDOUS VARIETY OF 
THINGS WHEN YOU DIG INTO IT CAREFULLY. AND THAT'S IN A 
SENSE WHAT WE'VE BEEN DOING, DIGGING INTO IT. BEHIND 
THE WORDS WHAT ARE THE PROBLEMS, 

Q: DOES KING HUSSEIN BELIEVE THERE SHOULD BE A 
SUBSTITUTE CONFERENCE AS WELL? 

A: THE SHADES OF MEANING IN THE WAY SUBTLETIES OF 
EXPRESSION ARE VERY GREAT AS PEOPLE DISCUSS THIS AND AS 
YOU PROBE INTO IT AND IT'S A SORT OF YES AND NO. 
THAT'S THE BEST I CAN GIVE YOU. 

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PAGE 03 SECTO 06631 03 OF 03 210014Z 

Q: CAN I GO BACK TO THE QUESTION I ASKED -- DID YOU 
MEAN TO SUGGEST YESTERDAY WAS I CORRECT IN INTERPRETING 
WHAT YOU TOLD US THAT REALLY WHAT YOU ARE THINKING OF 
NOW IS LOOKING FOR SOME SUBSTITUTE FOR A CONFERENCE OR 
IS IT MORE A QUESTION OF WHAT YOU MEAN BY A CONFERENCE? 

A: NO DOUBT WE WILL CONTINUE X€tW<JI^KQN:VyH/Jk*l^ir^G.. ...... 

HUSSEIN CALLS MODALITIES. BUT ATITnESAiaBTIMe,, ;•: : : *! 



UNDERNE/Sr&in% D^Fl|>@L>|^^l$ ^f(a.^ MODALITIES, WE 
ALL KN0W7^RE1C0NCERNS«BOUT WHEFK'WOULD WE GO, 
SUBSTANTIVELY? WHAT IS THE SHAPE OF FINAL STATUS? AND 
TO WHAT DEGREE CAN WE KNOW BEFORE WE START WHAT THAT 
OUTCOME MIGHT BE. AND IS THAT OUTCOME ANYWHERE NEAR 
ACCEPTABLE? SO IF WE START POLES APART THEN THE 
CHANCES OF COMING TO AGREEMENT ARE IN A SENSE LESS THAN 
IF WE CAN SEE THAT THERE'S A BALLPARK HERE WE'RE 
PLAYING IN. SO I SUPPOSE IF I GET ANY MESSAGE FROM ALL 
THIS IT IS THAT EXCESSIVE CONCENTRATION ON MODALITIES 
PROBABLY IS NOT THE WAY TO PURSUE THINGS, AND WE OUGHT 
TO BE SCRATCHING OUR HEADS IN ADDITION PERHAPS MORE ON 
. WHAT THE SUBSTANCE MIGHT TURN OUT TO BE. BUT OF COURSE 
THAT'S A VERY ROCKY ROAD TOO, AS WE KNOW. 

Q: DID MURPHY GO TO SYRIA? 

A: DICK IS GOING TO, AS WE ROUTINELY DO ON THINGS LIKE 
THIS, GO BACK AND GIVE A READ-OUT TO THE ISRAELIS AND 
HE MAY OR MAY NOT GO TO SYRIA. DEPENDING UPON WHO IS 
THERE TO SEE. 

THANK YOU. 

MOSCOW MINIMIZE CONSIDERED. SCHNABEL 



UNCLASSIFIED 



NNNN 



Current Handling Restrictions *** n/a 
Current Classification *" UNCLASSIFIED 



"1 



*" Current Classification'**"l^iC6/!te6lfteD: " : K. 
*** Current Handling Restrictions n/a 

«<**** OASYS DOCUMENT HEADER "•>» 

DOC_NBR=: 87SECTO0341 1 

FILM= D870857-0067 

DATE=19 0CT87 

TYPE=TE 

FROM= SECRETARY 

DRAFTER= n/a 

OFFICE= ACTION PA 

T0= STATE 
USIA 

CHANNELS n/a 
ORIGHAND= n/a 
ORIGPHAND= n/a 
ORIGCLASS= UNCLASSIFIED 
ORIGPCLASS= n/a 
E0= N/A 

SUBJECT= SHULT2 ADDRESS AT THE WEIZMANN INSTITUTE 
REFERENCE= n/a 
CONTROL_NBR= n/a 
ENCLOSURE= n/a 

LOCATOR= TEXT ON-LINE, ON MICROFILM 
ERRORS= N/A 

CONCEPTS= MINISTERIAL VISIT, SPEECH. JEWS. SECTO 

TAGS= PREL, OVIP, US, IS, (SHULTZ, GEORGE P) 1 S C) ^ 3 

• £>^^KIMENT OF STATE IS,FPC/CD R^<:^^*^ Date » /^^^ 

««.»» f ftAVMs: : ,.f,i**j^\ss{^Y ; dSj;c»tat.ons 

Di.Mf IS PART 

IS authority to 



- .lA txetTip'.ions { ) CLASSIFY as ( 1 S or 

• E\ ,r;:-t..-;ns ( ( OOVv'NQHADE TS to ( ) S or 



UNCLASSIFIED 



PAGE 01 SECTO 03411 01 OF 05 190555Z 
ACTION PA-02 

INFO LOG-DO COPY-01 ADS-00 INR-10 SS-00 ClAE-00 DODE-OD 
H-01 MSC-01 NEA-04 NSAE-00 SSO-00 HA-09 L-03 
TRSE-00 PM-10 CCO-00 OMB-01 INRE-00 SP-02 SNP-01 
C-01 PRS-01 P-02 T-01 /050W 

063771 190609Z/12 

O190547ZOCT87 

FM USDEL SECRETARY IN JERUSALEM 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0000 
USIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
USINFO WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY AMMAN IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY RIYADH IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY ALGIERS IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 
AMCONSUL JEDDAH IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY TUNIS IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY RABAT IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY BEIRUT IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY CAIRO IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY LONDON IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW IMMEDIATE 

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 05 SECRETARY IN JE 0341 1 

SECTO 

SECSTATE FOR PA AND PA/PRESS, NEA. NEA/IAI, 
NEA/P 

DEPT PASS NSC FOR MR. CARLUCCl 

USIA FOR P ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR, P/PFN, PIG, 

VOA/BBN, VOA/CA, NEA/BULLOCK 

WHITEHOUSE FOR MR; FITZWATER AND MR. HOWARD 

UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 SECTO 03411 01 OF 05 190555Z 
E.0. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: OVIP (SHULTZ, GEORGE P) 

SUBJECT: SHULTZ ADDRESS AT THE WEIZMANN 

INSTITUTE 

1. FOLLOWING IS S^RE.TARY.-QF SIM^ (JEORGE P. 
SHULTZ- ADDRESS*Ar33J^^y^l2h/f><^JM3TlTfJT%"; .•; 



• • •• J J ;•:'.*.!£.*• • • 

REHOVOT, UPON fȣcJB^T ^ ANSHCTNOFWFY DOCTORAL 
DEGREE, ON OCTOBER 18, 1987 

2. BEGIN TEXT: 

THANK YOU. I AM DEEPLY HONORED TO RECEIVE 
THIS DEGREE. IT IS A VERY MOVING EVENT FOR 
ME. / 

MR. PRESIDENT, MR. FOREIGN MINISTER, AND 
EXCELLENCIES. MY FRIENDS: I AM TRULY HONORED 
BY THIS DEGREE, AND IT IS A GREAT PLEASURE TO 
COME HERE AND IN A SENSE TO FEEL MYSELF TO BE 
A PART OF THIS GREAT INSTITUTION. A FEW DAYS 
AGO, I READ AN ARTICLE ABOUT WORK BEING DONE 
HERE AT THE WEIZMANN INSTITUTE ON ONE OF THE 
MOST COMPELLING MEDICAL CHALLENGES OF OUR 
TIME. 

THE ARTICLE WAS SHORT AND EASY TO 
UNDERSTAND. IT WAS WRITTEN FOR THE ORDINARY 
CURIOUS READER. BUT TO SOMEONE WHO COMES OUT 
OF THE UNIVERSITY WORLD, IT CONVEYED THE 
BEAUTY OF A CONCEPT AND ITS APPLICATION TO 
LIFE. 

-- IT HAD THE SPARK OF A POWERFUL IDEA; 

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PAGE 03 SECTO 03411 01 OF 05 190555Z 

-- IT HAD THE CLEAN AND CLEAR SIMPLICITY THAT 
SPRINGS ONLY FROM GENIUS; 
-- AND IT HAD A READY, PRACTICAL, AND 
IMMEDIATE USEFULNESS. 

THIS, IN A GLORIOUSLY MYSTERIOUS WAY, 
REPRESENTS AN IDEAL OF OUR PURPOSE IN THIS 
WORLD AND IN THIS UNIVERSE. 

JUST AS OUR FOREBEARS THROUGH THE CENTURIES, 
WE CONFRONT TODAY A GAP BETWEEN VISION AND 
REALITY. WE ENGAGE IN THE STRUGGLE TO GRASP 
KNOWLEDGE - AND THE EVEN GREATER STRUGGLE TO 
BRING IT TO BEAR WITH GOOD EFFECT ON THE 
EVERYDAY WORLD BEFORE US. 

SO HERE WE ARE TODAY, AT THIS WEIZMANN 
INSTITUTE - ONE QF'TfJg W0BI;D'&PJ3ECJ0US 

PLACES WHERE TriBTjatif 4 Boti&yuaa'iT'iJ *•;••; .•; 



RIGOROUS INTENStPYJAND WHeRE.tli£»efefit f^J i i 
HUMANITY CAN ACHIEVE IS PLACED IN THE SERVICE** 
OF A POSITIVE FUTURE. 

I AM PROUD TO BE HERE. AND I KNOW THAT ALL 
ISRAELIS ARE PROUD OF THIS WORLD-CLASS CENTER 
OF STUDY AND OF SERVICE. 

THE AGE-LONG HISTORY OF ISRAEL !S BESET WITH 
TRAGEDY AND WITH HORROR. BUT TODAY, FOR THIS 
MOMENT, LET US STOP TO THINK AND BE THANKFUL 
BECAUSE ISRAEL IS A LUCKY NATION - BLESSED 
BY CHARACTER, BY THE SOLIDARITY OF THE JEWISH 
PEOPLE. BY THEIR HUMANITY. AND BY THEIR 
UNPARALLELED DETERMINATION NOT JUST TO 



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mm 

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PAGE 01 SECTO 03411 02 OF 05 190556Z 
ACTION PA-02 

INFO LOG-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 INR-10 SS-00 CIAE-00 DODE-00 
H-01 MSC-01 . NEA-04 NSAE-OO SSO-OO HA-09 L-03 
TRSE-00 PM-10 CCO-00 OMB-01 INRE-00 SP-02 SNP-01 
C-01 PRS-01 P-02 T-01 /050W 

064000 190610Z/12 

0 190547ZOCT 87 

FM USDEL SECRETARY IN JERUSALEM 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0000 
USIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
USINFO WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY AMMAN IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY RIYADH IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY ALGIERS IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 
AMCONSUL JEDDAH IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY TUNIS IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY RABAT IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY BEIRUT IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY CAIRO IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY LONDON IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW IMMEDIATE 

UNCLAS SECTION 02 OF 05 SECRETARY IN JE 0341 1 

SECTO 

SECSTATE FOR PA A^K£S^i=Re^S:WEA.^Jf/MAlr^••: .•; 



NEA/p :*.• • I" *. *. : : : 

DEPT PASS NSC FOR MR. CARLUCCI 

USIA FOR P ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR, P/PFN, P/G, 

VOA/BBN, VOA/GA, NEA/BULLOCK 

WHITEHOUSE FOR MR. FITZWATER AND MR. HOWARD 

UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 SECTO 03411 02 OF 05 190556Z 

E.G. 12356: N/A 

TAGS; OVIP (SHULTZ, GEORGE P) 

SUBJECT: SHULTZ ADDRESS AT THE WEIZMANN 

SURVIVE, BUT TO LEAD AND TO CONTRIBUTE. 

THESE ARE SALIENT QUALITIES FOR THIS AGE. 
MORE THAN AT ANY TIME IN THE HISTORY OF 
HUMANKIND, WE ARE STANDING ON THE FORWARD 
EDGE OF AN ERA IN WHICH KNOWLEDGE AND 
INFORMATION ARE TRANSFORMING REALITY. 

INDEED, THE RELATIONSHIP -- OF TENSION YET 
COMPLEMENTARITY BETWEEN THE REALM OF 
INTELLECT AND THE WORLD OF ACTION -- IS 
PERHAPS THE FIRST AND MOST FAR-REACHING OF 

THE CHALLENGES OF OUR TIME. 

IF WE WISH TO KNOW WHERE ISRAEL RANKS IN THIS 
REGARD, WE NEED ONLY LOOK AROUND US AT THIS 
CENTER OF INTELLECT AND EFFECTIVE RESEARCH. 
SOCIETIES WHICH KNOW HOW TO GENERATE 
KNOWLEDGE AND TRANSLATE IT INTO ACTION ARE 
POISED IN THE STARTING BLOCKS FOR THE RACE 
AHEAD. 

THE CAPACITY TO COPE AND TO CONTRIBUTE IN THE 
AGE OF INFORMATION IS, HOWEVER, ONLY A 
STARTING POINT. FOR A SECOND CHALLENGE 
CONFRONTING INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY IS HOW TO 
RECONCILE AN INDIVIDUAL COUNTRY'S STRONG 
SENSE OF NATIONAL IDENTITY WITH THE NECESSITY 
OF RELATING TO THE REST OF THE WORLD. 
UNCLASSIFIED 

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PAGE 03 



SECTO 03411 02 OF 05 190556Z 



CN MY COUNTRY, IHS^E UDNfi HfAiE'E^^EMrrhO^^* * t 
ADVOCATING ISOU^tlCfl^'FRcTOfTVlEnESTOFTHE"' 
WORLD AS -- 1 BELIEVE -- AN ILL-CONCEIVED 
MEANS OF PROTECTING AMERICA'S INTERESTS. 
BUT EVEN IF WE WANTED TO, AMERICA CANNOT TURN 
ITS BACK ON THE PROBLEMS OF THE PRESENT OR 
THE PROMISE OF THE FUTURE. THE WORLD OF 
TODAY HAS GROWN TOO SMALL, THE STAKES ARE TOO 
HIGH. AND THE "OPPORTUNITY COST" OF FAILING 
TO ENGAGE IS TOO GREAT. IN TODAYS WORLD, NO 
NATION CAN PROSPER IN ISOLATION. EACH NATION 
BEARS RESPONSIBILITY FOR MANAGING THE PROBLEM 
OF ENGAGEMENT. EVER GREATER GLOBAL 
ENGAGEMENT, RESPONSIBILITY AND RESTRAINT ARE 
REQUIRED OF ALL COUNTRIES. 

FOR ITS PART, ISRAEL HAS MUCH TO CONTRIBUTE 
AND MUCH TO GAIN FROM REGIONAL INTERACTION -- 
BUT A POSITIVE REALITY FROM THAT INTERACTION 
HAS YET TO COME. SOMETIMES PEOPLE FEEL 
THERE IS NO REGIONAL INTERACTION. 
UNFORTUNATELY. THERE IS ~ IT'S MOSTLY 
NEGATIVE, BUT IT CAN BE VERY POSITIVE. 

THE REASON FOR THIS UNFULFILLED PROMISE CAN 
BE FOUND WITHIN THE THIRD GREAT THEME OF 
CHALLENGE IN THIS ERA: MANAGING THE 
DEBILITATING EFFECTS OF TENSION CREATED WHEN 
THE NEEDS OF HUMAN DIVERSITY AND 
SELF-EXPRESSION ARE NOT IN FAIR ALIGNMENT 
WITH THE DEMANDS OF ORDERED GOVERNMENTAL 
RELATIONS. AND IN THIS ERA, FOR AS FAR AHEAD 
AS WE CAN SEE, TENSION WILL BREED INCREASING 



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PAGE 01 SECTO;0S4-V} 03jiftOe*49095g2 



ACTION PA-02 V"' J :*: : :• :: 

INFO LOG-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 INR-10 SS-00 CIAE-00 DODE-00 
H-01 MSC-01 NEA-04 NSAE-00 SSO-00 HA-09 L-03 
TRSE-00 PM-10 CCO-00 OMB-01 INRE-00 SP-02 SNP-01 
C-01 PRS-01 P-02 T-01 /050W 

064010 1906102/12 

O 190547ZOCT87 

FM USDEL SECRETARY IN JERUSALEM 
TO SECSTATE WASHDG IMMEDIATE 0000 
USIA WASHDGIMMEDIATE 
WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
USINFO WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY AMMAN IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY RIYADH IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY ALGIERS IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 
AMCONSULJEDDAH IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY TUNIS IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY RABAT IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY BEIRUT IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY CAIRO IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY LONDON IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW IMMEDIATE 

UNCLAS SECTION 03 OF 05 SECRETARY IN JE 03411 

SECTO 

SECSTATE FOR PA AND PA/PRESS, NEA, NEA/IAI, 
NEA/P 

DEPT PASS NSC FOR MR. CARLUCCI 

USIA FOR P ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR. P/PFN. P/G, 

VOA/BBN, VOA/CA, NEA/BULLOCK 

WHITEHOUSE FOR MR. FITZWATER AND MR. HOWARD 

UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 SECTO 03411 03 OF 05 190556Z 

E.O. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: OVIP (SHULTZ. GEORGE P) 

SUBJECT: SHULTZ ADDRESS AT THE WEIZMANN 

INSTABILITY AND VIOLENCE. TODAY, WEAPONS 
ONCE THOUGHT SOPHISTICATED ARE EASIER TO 
MAKE, CHEAPER TO BUY AND HARDER TO TRACE (N 
AN EXPANDING GLOPiiiL.ARMS ^ARKET. SO LOCAL 
CONFLICTS NOW THREAitfi WOfQMI»rREei®WAL..eyJT.. 



GLOBAL, SECURIT'^. jFjAI^'S iJSE:aF"CHlNBSE* • V.* Vl 
"SILKWORM" AND SOVIET •SCWD* lllie54fctS ANDJT?^E 
HIDEOUSLY GROWING USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS ON 
BOTH SIDES OF THE IRAN-IRAQ CONFLICT ARE GRIM 
EXAMPLES. 

THESE THEN ARE THE PROBLEMS. THEY ARE 
PROBLEMS THAT CALL URGENTLY FOR SOLUTION LEST 
THEY BECOME IMPERATIVES. WHILE THE CHALLENGE 
IS NOT OF ISRAEL'S MAKING, ISRAEL ALL THE 
SAME MUST TAKE A LEADING PART IN THE 
PATH-BREAKING. 
■ \ 

THIS ENVIRONMENT ~ TOGETHER WITH THE 
INCREDIBLE BENEFITS WHICH A REDUCTION OF 
TENSIONS AND PEACE WOULD BRING TO THIS REGION 
-REQUIRE US ALL TO REDOUBLE OUR EFFORTS ON 
THE PEACE PROCESS. 

SURELY, THERE ARE RISKS IN SUCH A PROCESS; 
BUT EQUALLY SURELY THERE ARE RISKS TO - AND 
IMMENSE OPPORTUNITIES FORGONE BY - ISRAEL 
AND ITS NEIGHBORS IN NOT ACCEPTING THOSE 
RISKS. NO ONE HELPS THE CHANCES FOR PEACE BY 
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PAGE 03 SECTO 03411 03 OF 05 190556Z 

DOING NOTHING. EACH DAY MUST BRING AN 
EXPLORATION OF IDEAS AND A SEARCH OF THE 
IMAGINATION TO BREAK THE DEADLOCK. EACH DAY 
MUST BRING RENEWED ACTIVITY IN THOSE POSITIVE 
ELEMENTS WHICH ALREADY EXIST - THE 
EGYPTIAN-ISRAELI RELATIONSHIP AND THE QUALITY 
OF LIFE EFFORT IN THE WEST BANK AND GAZA - 
IN ORDER TO PROVE BY EXAMPLE THAT PRACTICAL 
STEPS GET PEOPLE CLOSER TO THE GOAL OF PEACE. 

AND EACH DAY MUST BRING A COMMITMENT TO SEIZE 
OPPORTUNITIES WHICH PRESENT THEMSELVES. WE 
KNOW THAT NO ONE- NOT THE U.S., NOT ISRAEL, 
NOT THE ARABS - IMPROVES THE CHANCES FOR 
PEACE BY DOING NOTHING AT ALL, BY JUST 
SITTING AROUND. THOSE WHO ARE RELUCTANT TO 
EXPLORE NEW IDEAS, OR EVEN RESIST OLD ONES, 
HAVE AN OBLIGATION TO OFFER SOMETHING 
DIFFERENT AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO THE STATUS QUO. 

THERE IS AN ALMOST.pNIVERSAL DESIRE FOR 

PEACE. THERE IS A REdC|C3^ITJ0JM.THAT CW^iti^^ 'S 
• • *J • • • • •**; 



GOING TO COME. /tr«i>j£!n3R tSlPL^^^'Hl^J l| TO : t 
HELP HARNESS THAT EjeSlReinTCr/?PITO(^SS THAT 
HAS A CHANCE OF WORKING. 

ISRAEL IS A GREAT NATION AND A PRECIOUS PART 
OF THE FREE AND FLOURISHING WORLD THAT WILL 
GAtN EVEN GREATER STRENGTH IN THE YEARS AHEAD. 

SOMETIMES THE LUCKY AND THE INSIGHTFUL HAVE 
TO TAKE THE LEAD -- EVEN WHEN THE FUNDAMENTAL 
SOURCE OF THE PROBLEM SHOULD RIGHTLY BE 
PLACED ON THE SHOULDERS OF OTHERS. 



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H-01 MSC-01 NEA-04 NSAE-00 SSO-00 HA-09 L-03 
TRSE-00 PM-10 CCO-00 OMB-01 INRE-00 SP-02 SNP-01 
C-01 PRS-01 P-02 T-01 /050W 

064037 19061 1Z/12 

O 1905472 OCT 87 

FM USDEL SECRETARY IN JERUSALEM 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0000 
USIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
USINFO WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY AMMAN IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY RIYADH IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY ALGIERS IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 
AMCONSUL JEDDAH IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY TUNIS IMM^jATE 

AMEMBASSY RABAT if/lf/IEOliT^; • ; 



AMEMBASSYBElRLCrSMMEDIATE:.: • ; • 

amembassycair(5hRiMe13ia4-'6 ' ! : : : :.. : 
amembassy london immediate 
amembassy moscow immediate 

unclas section 04 of 05 secretary in je 0341 1 

SECTO 

SECSTATE FOR PA AND PA/PRESS, NEA. NEA/IAI, 
NEA/P 

DEPT PASS NSC FOR MR. CARLUCCf 

USIA FOR P ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR, P/PFN, P/G, 

VOA/BBN. VOA/CA, NEA/BULLOCK 

WHITEHOUSE FOR MR. FITZWATER AND MR. HOWARD 

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PAGE 02 SECTO 03411 04 OF 05 190557Z 
E.0. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: OVIP (SHULTZ, GEORGE P) 

SUBJECT: SHULTZ ADDRESS AT THE WEIZMANN 

AS MEN AND WOMEN OF SCIENCE, YOU SEEK TO 
UNDERSTAND THE PHYSICAL, BIOLOGICAL AND 
CHEMICAL WORLD. YOURS IS A VISION AND A PLAN 
OF ACTION TO AFFECT THE NATURAL ORDER OF 
THINGS IN WAYS WHICH BENEFIT MANKIND. 
STATESMEN AND POLITICIANS, DRAWING FROM YOUR 
EXAMPLE, ARE CHARGED WITH CREATING FROM THE 
ELEMENTS OF OUR UNDERSTANDING A JUST AND 
DECENT SOCIAL ORDER. HUMAN SOCIETY HAS NO 
INHERENT SOCIAL PATTERN OF LIFE; OUR 
GOD-GIVEN GOAL IS TO FULFILL OURSELVES 
THROUGH THE SOCIAL AND CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS 
THAT WE OURSELVES CREATE IN OUR ENGAGEMENT 
WITH HISTORY -- AND TO LEAVE THIS WORLD A 
BETTER PLACE THAN WHEN WE ENTERED. 

SO ISRAEL MUST BE STRONG. 

ISRAEL MUST HAVE A STRONG ECONOMY. WE'VE ALL 
WORKED HARD. I'VE WORKED HARD WITH YOU TO 
HELP BRING THAT ABOUT. I MIGHT SAY TO 
ANYBODY HERE WHO CAN HELP WITH "OPERATION 
INDEPENDENCE," THAT IS A CAUSE OF GREAT 
SIGNIFICANCE. 

AND ISRAEL MUST Bg'^TRDMG MlLrCAFlU.Y., . 



AMERICA WILL COrif MUErt'oiHEtfi IsP/^lAfJO* tO I*. 

ITS SECURITY. J.**.. :.. : : : : : :., V 

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PAGE 03 SECTO 03411 04 OF 05 190557Z 

ISRAEL WILL STAY SO STRONG THAT A MILITARY 
OPTION AGAINST IT CANNOT RATIONALLY EVEN BE 
CONTEMPLATED. THAT IS HOW IT HAS BEEN AND 
THAT IS HOW rr WILL BE. AND THAT IS WHY THE 
ARAB NATIONS INCREASINGLY RECOGNIZE THAT 
ISRAEL IS A PERMANENT ACT OF LIFE AND WHY 
THEY INCREASINGLY RECOGNIZE THAT PEACE WfTH 
ISRAEL MUST BE MADE. 

BUT AT THE SAME TIME, ISRAEL MUST SEE THAT 
INCREASINGLY IT HAS A TREMENDOUS STAKE IN 
ATTAINING A MORE FORMALIZED PEACE WITH ITS 
NEIGHBORS. 

IT IS MORE THAN EVER TRUE THAT ISRAEL CANNOT 
AFFORD TO MAKE EVEN ONE SERIOUS MISTAKE IN 
THE CALCULUS OF STRENGTH AND DIPLOMACY. BUT 
IT IS ALSO MORE THAN EVER TRUE THAT SERIOUS 
OPPORTUNITIES FOR PEACE MUST BE EXPLORED WITH 
ENERGY, UNITY AND RESOLVE. FOR FAILURE TO DO 
SO MAY TURN OUT TO BE THAT ONE SERIOUS 
MISTAKE. 

WE ALL KNOW THAT THE PURSUIT OF STABILITY AND 
PEACE IN THE MIDDLE EAST IS A CONSTANT 
STRUGGLE REQUIRING STEADFAST RESOLVE. WE 
CANNOT WAIT FOR IDEAL CONDITIONS TO ARISE. 
AS IS TRUE OF ANY DIPLOMATIC UNDERTAKING, WE 
MUST WORK STEADILY, IN THE HERE AND NOW, AND 
WITHIN THE REALM OF THE POSSIBLE. 

OVER THE PAST FORTY YEARS, ISRAEL AND THE 
UNITED STATES HAVE ESTABLISHED A FIRM 
PARTNERSHIP BASED ON SHARED VALUES, COMMON 
STRATEGIC INTERESTS AND A JOINT COMMITMENT TO 

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• • : • • . • • 



H-01 MSC-01 WEA:0tf*r4SAP-OQ'SSO-J)0"h6l\:e9:V03 

TRSE-00 PM-io:.e«i)Sgp:oMfi^CLt'jNF^50o sr-oa :snp-oi 

C-01 PRS-01 P-02 T-01 /050W * * 
064024 19061 1Z/1 2 

0 190547ZOCT87 

FM USDEL SECRETARY IN JERUSALEM 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0000 
USIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
USINFO WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY AMMAN IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY RIYADH IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY ALGIERS IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 
AMCONSUL JEDDAH IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY TUNIS IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY RABAT IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY BEIRUT IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY CAIRO IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY LONDON IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW IMMEDIATE 

UNCUS SECTION 05 OF 05 SECRETARY IN JE 0341 1 

SECTO 

SECSTATE FOR PA AND PA/PRESS, NEA, NEA/IAI. 
NEA/P 

DEPT PASS NSC FOR MR. CARLUCCI 

USIA FOR P ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR, P/PFN, P/G, 

VOA/BBN. VOA/CA. NEA/BULLOCK 

WHITEHOUSE FOR MR. FITZWATER AND MR. HOWARD 

UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 SECTO 03411 05 OF 05 190556Z 

E.O. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: OVIP (SHULTZ, GEORGE P) 

SUBJECT: SHULTZ ADDRESS AT THE WEIZMANN 

THE PERSUrr OF PEACE IN THE MIDDLE EAST. 
WORKING TOGETHER. WE HAVE ALREADY 
ACCOMPLISHED MUCH. LET US CONTINUE TO 
STRENGTHEN AND BUILD UPON OUR UNIQUE 
RELATIONSHIP. LET US REMAIN OUTWARD-LOOKING, 
UNDAUNTED. AND MOST OF ALL - ENGAGED. 

1 PLEDGE TO YOU TOOi^Y-THAT AS.ISRAEL DOES 

• • . ■ : • • • ; 



THIS. AMERICA WILLIE ^JTH l;|ER f VERY STEP OF 
THE WAY AS FAITH FOi; /JULY AWD ffiRf2§<l!l/jL3f fttWp. 

THANK YOU. 

3. END TEXT. 

BEIRUT MINIMIZE CONSIDERED. 
SHULTZ 



i 



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Current Handling Restrictions *** n/a 
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Current Clas 
*" Current Ham 

<«"** oAsrs 

DOC_NBR= 87i 
FILM= 0870849 
DATE=16 0CT 
TYPEsTE 
FROMs STATE 



TAGS= OPRC 



««.»» 
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PAGE 01 STATE 321924 
ORIGIN NEA-04 

INFO LOG-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 EUR-00 OIC-02 AF-00 H-02 
10-19 SSO-00 EAP-00 PA-02 RP-10 P-02 /042R 

DRAFTED BY: NEA/P:ASBERGER:MRG 
APPROVED BY: NEA/P:ASBERGER 
PA:POAKLEY 
DESIRED DISTRIBUTION 

1 5 COPIES NEA. 2 COPIES H.POAKLEY, P:AEASTHAM, RP/ENA 

315653 160048Z/43 

O 160037ZOCT87 ZEX 
FM SECSTATE WASHDC 

TO ALL NEAR EASTERN AND SOUTH ASIAN DIPLOMATIC POSTS IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY AMMAN IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY BEIRUT IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY BEUiNG IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY CANBERRA IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TOKYO IMMEDIATE 

AMOONSUL ADANA PRIORITY 

USMISSION GENEVA PRIORITY 

AMCONSUL ISTANBUL PRIORITY 

AMCONSUL IZMIR PRIORITY 

AMEMBASSY KABUL PRIORITY 

AMEMBASSY ALGIERS 

AMEMBASSY BAGHDAD 

AMEMBASSY BANGKOK 

AMCONSUL DHAHRAN 

AMCONSUL KARACHI 

AMCONSUL LAHORE 

AMEMBASSY MUSCAT 

AMEMBASSY NOUAKCHOTT 

AMCONSUL PESHAWAR 

USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 

COMIDEASFOR IMMEDIATE 

CJTFME IMMEDIATE 

ADMINSUPU BAHRAIN BA IMMEDIATE 

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PAGE 02 STATE 321924 

INFO ALL EUROPEAN DteiiDM^TICJPtJSIglfflMIEBJ/lfEE „ 
USCENTCOM MCDILL APB*FILV • • .• / : ? 



• • • • 

CINCPAC HONbtuiJrtl 



UNCLAS STATE 321924 

PASS PADS. INFORM CONSUL, MILITARY ADDRESSEES ALSO FOR POLAD 

E.0. 12356: N/A 
TAGS: OPRC 

SUBJECT: SECRETARVS PRESS BRlEFtNG OCTOBER 15, 1987 

FOR ADDRESSEE INFORMATION AND GUIDANCE, FOLLOWING IS FULL 
TEXT FROM SECRETARY SHULTZ'S PRESS BRIEFING OF OCTOBER 15 
(IN LIEU OF REGULAR DAILY BRIEFING). 

SECRETARY SHULTZ: QUESTIONS? 

MR. ANDERSON (UPl): MR. SECRETARY, STARTING WITH THE 
MIDDLE EAST, IN THE PERSIAN GULF THIS MORNING A MISSILE, 
APPARENTLY FIRED BY THE IRANIANS, HIT A U.S.MANAGED OIL 
TANKER AT ANCHORAGE OFF KUWAIT. DOES THIS CHANGE 
ANYTHING? DOES THIS LEAD THE UNITED STATES TO CONSIDER 
ANY.SORT OF RETALIATION OR COUNTERMEASURES? 

SECRETARY SHULTZ: WE DONT ANNOUNCE WHAT COUNTERMEASURES 
OR RETALIATION WE MAY TAKE, BUT I THINK IT HAS BEEN MADE 
CLEAR THAT WE DO ACT 

AS FAR AS THE IRANIAN ACTION IS CONCERNED, IT'S REALLY 
AIMED AT KUWAIT. THE SHIP WAS NOT IN INTERNATIONAL 
WATERS; IT WASNT BEING ESCORTED OR ANYTHING OF THE 

UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 STATE 321924 

KIND. IN FACT, IT WASN'T A U.S.-FLAG VESSEL. SO IT 

SEEMS TO ME TO BE A VERY HOSTILE ACTION TOWARD KUWAIT. 

QUESTION: MR. SECRETARY, YOU HAVE LONG TAKEN THE VIEW, I 
BELIEVE, IF I'M REPRESENTING IT CORRECTLY, THAT THE 
UNITED STATES SHOULDN'T BE MORE EAGER FOR NEGOTIATIONS IN 
THE MIDDLE EAST THAN THE PARTIES THEMSELVES. IN FACT, 
LAST YEAR YOU SENT MR. MURPHY OUT AND FOUND THE 
TEMPERATURE OR THE CLIMATE WASNT RIGHT AND DIDNT GO. 
WHY ARE YOU GOING THIS TIME? 

SECRETARY SHULTZ: I WANT TO TOUCH BASE WITH OUR FRIENDS 
IN THE MIDDLE EAST ON A NUMBER OF ISSUES. THE PEACE 
PROCESS, OBVIOU5t"/;jS:ON£ P^THm., ItipAUDI ARABIA I 
EXPECT TO TALK C3kflXCa»C^]:ABOU>.Tl3S IRAW^iC».WAR, OUR 



ACTIONS IN THEtUtri* ZHEi/ESri SJfl^M^JCobPEf^riVE 
ACTIVITIES WE rfAVEWTIrf*5A"UbrArtABfA*IN f HE'GULF. IN 
EGYPT, PRESIDENT MUBARAK HAS JUST BEEN RE-ELECTED. HE'S 
A VERY STRONG FRIEND. 

IN ISRAEL - IN ALL OF THESE COUNTRIES, OF COURSE. THE 
PEACE PROCESS BUT IN ISRAEL, IN ADDITION. ! WANT TO 
TALK ABOUT SOVIET JEWRY. I'LL HAVE THE PLEASURE OF 
MEETING IDA NUDEL IN JERUSALEM, HAVING MET HER IN MOSCOW; 
THAT WILL BE A THRILL. AS A PERSON OF THE UNIVERSITY, 
CM HONORED TO RECEIVE A DEGREE FROM THE WEITZMAN 
INSTITUTE AND HAVE A CHANCE TO AWARD THE FIRST GEORGE 
SHULTZ FELLOWSHJP AT TEL AVIV UNIVERSITY. 



AND }N LONDON, I'LL HAVE A CHANCE TO TALK ABOUT THE PEACE 
PROCESS AND THE QUALITYOFLIFE PROGRAMS ON THE WEST BANK 
WITH KING HUSSEIN. 



SO ALL IN ALL, I THINK IT'S TIME TO GO AND REVIEW THE 
BIDDING WITH OUR FRIENDS ON THE PEACE PROCESS, ON THE 
PERSIAN GULF. ON SOVIET JEWRY. ON GENERAL INTERNAL 
UNCLASSIFIED 

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PAGE 04 STATE 321924 



DEVELOPMENTS SUCH AS IN EGYPT WHERE PRESIDENT MUBARAK HAS 
JUST WON THIS VERY FINE POLITICAL VICTORY. 

QUESTION: SINCE SYRIA IS SUCH A MAJOR PLAN IN THE PEACE 
PROCESS, WHY IS IT NOT INCLUDED IN YOUR TRAVEL? 

SECRETARY SHULTZ: WHY IS WHAT NOT INCLUDED? 

QUESTION: SYRIA. 

SECRETARY SHULTZ: WELL, I HAVE ONLY A VERY LIMITED 
AMOUNT OF TIME, AND SO I AM GOING TO THE COUNTRIES THAT I 
SPECIFIED, t DID HAVE A CHANCE TO TALK AT SOME LENGTH 



WITH THE SYRIAN FOREIGN MINISTER IN NEW YORK, SO 1 HAVE 
HAD THAT CONTACT. 

QUESTION: MR. SECRETARY, THE SECURITY COUNCIL THIS 
MORNING HAS GIVEN NEW INSTRUCTIONS TO PEREZ DE CUELLAR 
RELATIVE TO HIS MEDIATION OF THE IRANIRAQ WAR. CAN YOU 
ELABORATE FOR US ON WHAT THOSE INSTRUCTIONS ARE AND GIVE 
US THE U.S. REACTION TO THOSE? 



SECRETARY SHULTZ *MELL. LDON'T WANT TO DISCLOSE IN 
DETAIL HIS INSTROCTIC^; BUS" ^CICAULY^THE SOLE BASIS 

s ; 



FOR PROCEEDING.UsaMA&SftiDffli I^^Pf^^S 6WEMENT AFTER 
THE MEETING OF THE FIVE FOREIGN MINISTERS'iri'^l^W YORK, 
WHENEVER THAT WAS • TWO OR THREE WEEKS AGO " THE SOLE 
BASIS IS RESOLUTION 598. SO THE SECRETARYGENERAL'S 
INSTRUCTIONS ESSENTIALLY INVOLVE ANOTHER ROUND OF 
CONSULTATIONS WITH IRAN AND IRAQ, AND THEY HAVE TO DO 
WITH THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THAT RESOLUTION, NOT IN ANY 
WAY BARGAINING ABOUT THE RESOLUTION AS SUCH. I 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 05 STATE 321924 

UNDERSTAND THAT HE HAS INVITED THE PARTIES TO COME TO NEW 
YORK, AND THE UNDERSTANDING THAT I HAVE IS THAT THEY WILL 
PROBABLY DO THAT. 

AT ANY RATE, WE CONTINUE TO PUSH FOR A RAPID EFFORT TO, 
IF POSSIBLE, BRING THE WAR TO AN END THROUGH THE 
ACCEPTANCE OF THE RESOLUTION, AND THAT'S WHAT WE'RE 
PUSHING. 

QUESTION: MR. SECRETARY, IN THE MIDDLE EAST, ABOUT THE 
PEACE PROCESS, CAN YOU TELL US ANY NEW IDEA YOU ARE 
CARRYING THERE LIKE WHAT THEY CALL AN "INTERIM 
ARRANGEMENT?" AND HOW CAN YOU CONVINCE PREMIER SHAMIR TO 
DROP HIS OPPOSITION TO THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE? 

SECRETARY SHULTZ: WELL, I'M NOT GOING THERE TO TAKE PART 
IN INTERNAL ISRAELI POLITICS IN ANY WAY. ON THE OTHER 
HAND, I DO THINK THAT PEACE IN THE MIDDLE EAST IN THE 
ARAB-ISRAEL! TENSIONS IS A VERY IMPORTANT THING FOR ALL 
OF US FOR THE UNITED STATES, BUT MOSTLY, OF COURSE, 
FOR THE PEOPLE IN THE REGION AND I INTEND TO EMPHASIZE 
MY VIEW OF THE IMPORTANCE OF THAT. 

IT IS ALSO TRUE THAT THERE HAVE BEEN A NUMBER OF POSITIVE 
DEVELOPMENTS. AND 



Current Handling Restrictions "* n/a 
Current Classification *** UNCLASSIFIED 



J It * 




T . : •• ;•. 




IJr.itC'I liiatf^s Dspprtmenlj 
October 14, 19S7 (§7^30881 



BRiERNG MEMORANDUM 
S/S 

SBCRET 
TO: 
FROM: 
SUBJECT t 



The Secretary 
NBA - Richard W. Murph^^ 



SADIXED 



nc: ' f. i- -.7 



Your Meeting With Foreign Minister Peres: 
Bilateral Issues 



O 



O-v- 



o 

II. 

o 



flOVIET JEWRY: DIRECT PLIGHTS 8 

April-August emigration of alsout 800 per month; slight drop 
in. September to 700; 80% of those leaving ate pre-1987 
refuseniks. Compares with 914 total for 1986. 

Soviets told Morris Abrani last spring that they do not 
object to direct fligbte; only obstacle is O.S. opposition. 

Recent indications Soviets may Issue exit visas for the ^ ^ 
country from which the applicant has submitted an |i 
invitation; 

Recently Shamir wrote you, asking that you tell ;-: I 

Shevardnadze that we have no objection to direct fllgbt8.|| 
We, have sent you a proposed reply saying our position is " " 
based on freedom to emigrate and freedom of choice, and 
this is unchanged. 

Peres proposed direct flights to Shevardnadze at UNGA. 
POST LAVI SECURITY ASSISTANCE ISSOBSt 



O 



— ni 
zoo 

? E 
> cn w 
X,i tn u5 



JSAP and JPMG talks scheduled for October 5--7, cancelled 
due to death of MOD Director General Ivry's son. Will be^CI 
rescheduled later this year. oo' 



601 will press fort 



< > I 
5 t/) 



— > Reduction of F-l€ price by eliminating non-recurring 

costisr " 

H 

W 

— Greater O.S. funding for joint RSO on SDI/ATBM and the 
Arrow; ~- 

Improved Israeli access to O.S. armed forces European 
workload contracts; and ^ 

Increased DOD procurement in Israel. 



•■ • • 




o Gramm-Rudnian-Rollings legislation nay cut Israel's PMS 
program. 

o Concern that Israel will ask for sapplemental assistance. 
III. WATER ISSUES » MAQARIN DAMt 

o Jordan and Syria have agreed to build Maqarin Dam on 

Yarnouk river; Jordan has formally requested U.S. aid to 
help finance feasibility studies and construction; cost 
would be several hundred million dollars. 

o Dam would significantly benefit Jordan but will also affect 
Israeli access to Yarmouk waters; GOI officials have 
expressed concern about dam; Jordan-Israel agreement on 
water sharing is critical if dam is to be built; GOI desire 
for water allocation for West Bank, which Jordan resists, 
is one of many tough Issues. 

o Previous efforts to build dam foundered because Syria and 
Jordan could not agree on vrater sharing. 

o We have told Israel and Jordan that we are willing to act 
as intermediary in negotiating water sharing. 

o Despite periodic flare-ups, Israel and Jordan continue to 
cooperate in managing Yarmouk neat entrance to Jordan's 
East Ghor Main Canal. 



IV. QDALITY OF I,IPE; 

o Economic development in the occupied territories 

constrained by Israeli and Arab(primar ily Jordanian) 
barriers to Palestinian trade. 



Efforts, supported by EC, to obtain GOI approval for 
direct Palestinian agricultural exports to Europe via 
Israeli ports unsuccessful to date. 

Recent EC study found that potential Palestinian 
exports did not pose a serious threat to Israeli 
farmers. 



SECRET 



SECRET 

: rt: j ] ' TPTi 
• » • • • , { J •» • • • ••• •• 

o Bat^h'Tsraell security measures which deny due process and 
severe limits on family reunification undermine impact of 
quality of life initiative. 

V. ARMS SALES TO SADDI ARABIA? 

o Peres and Shamir have publicly criticized plan to sell arms 
to Saudi Arabia. 

o You asked Peres at the DNGA to refrain from public 
criticisms; he has continued to voice opposition when 
questioned by the press. 

VI. LSBAHESE WATIONAD RECOMCILIAITIONi 

o Feres will be interested in your views on Lebanon. He will 
also want to hear what we are accomplishing there: 

-- With Ambassador Eagleton back in Damascus, we are 
again acting as conduit between Gemayel and Asad. 

VII. OKIFIL fOHDIWG 

o The Senate appropriations committee has zeroed out our 

request for $19.3 million in fY66 contributions to UNIPIL, 
although the House approved $18.7 million. 

o ONIFIL is crucial to us. It stabilizes south Lebanon and 
helps block attacks on Israel inspired by Iran and radical 
Palestinians. 

o Cdngress believes Israel is against ONIFIL or indifferent 
to its continuation. 

o Privately, Rabin tells us he favors UNIPIL continuation. 
He has declined, however, to issue a public statement of 
support. 

o We need a GOI statement to convince Congress that UNIPIL 
merits continued support. 

VIII. U.S. "Syrian talks 

o Peres will be interested in your views on U.S. -Syrian 

relations since Ambassador Eagleton returned in September. 



S ETTIWG 

You met with Peres in New York on September 30 and this 
meeting will be a continuation of your discussion with him 
there on the peace process and bilateral issues, Peres will 

SECRET 




your t1Tou"^^t*i *o& possltfle* next 'steps. His bilateral agenda 
will contintie to focus on post'Lavl support to cushion the 
cancellation decision. Peres, like Shamir, is not only 
genuinely concerned but sensitive to the impact oC this issue 
ori the elections next year. He probably will raise Israel's 
interest in direct flights of Soviet Jews from the USSR to 
Israel and the 601 '8 continuing objections to arms sales to 
Saudi Arabia. 

PARTICIPANTS ; 

q.8. ISRAEL 

The secretary Foreign Minister Peres 

Ambassador Pickering Ambassador Arad 

Assistant Secretary Mucphy Yossi Beil&n, Director General 



WilHam Klrby, NEA 
Molly Wil^iameon, Embassy 
Tel Avlv (nbtetaker) 

Attachments! 

Talking Points. 



Dennis Ross, NSC 
Ambassador Cluverius 



Nimrod Rovik, Political 
Advisor 



SECRET 



¥onp>.E]co$u.s{K»r.« iadz^s and gehtlehem! ' 



• •••• •* 

• •• • • • •* 



I IfAMT TO THAMR MX HOSTS, AND ESPECIALLY PRESIDENT MUBARAK, 
FOR THB WOHDBRFOL HOSPITAtXTY DaBING MY TOO BRIEF VISIT TO 
BGYPT. X CAHB HEBE WITH THE GOAL OF REVIEWING WITH THB 
EGYPTIAN LEADERSHIP THE STATUS OF OUR SHARED SEARCH FOR A JUST 
AND DURABLE PEACE IN THE MIDDLE EAST. EGYPT IS A KEY PARTNER 
IN THAT SEARCH AND I WANTED TO TAKE THIS OPPORTUNITY TO COMPARE 
NOTBS AND DEVELOP SOME IDEAS. ON NEXT CONSTRUCTIVE STEPS. AS 
ALWAYS. I FOUND PBBSXOBNT MUBARAK TO BE A VISE AND THOUGHTFUL 
INTERLOCUTOR. I MILL TAKE WITH MB A NUMBER OF IDEAS WHICH Z 
WILL BB SEEKING TO DEVELOP FURTHER AS I PROCEED ON MY JOURNEY. 

BEYOND OUR OMJMOS SEARCH FOR PEACE, EGYPT AND THE UNITED 
STATES SHARE A COMMON APPROACH TO A NUMBER OF OTHER ISSUES AND 
HE HEBE ABLE TO DISCUSS THESE AS HELL DURING OUR TALKS. 
PRESIpj^NT HABRE'S EFFORTS TO FREE HIS COUNTRY FROM LIBYAN 

•-'V,-: 

AGGREiiilON AND THE CONTINUED STRUGGLE OF THE AFGHAN PEOPLE TO 
END THE SOVIET OCCUPATION OF THEIR COUNTRY ARE, OF COURSE, 
ISSUES WHICH ACTIVELY CONCERN US BOTH. THE IRAN- IRAQ WAR'S 
SENSELESS AND CRUEL WASTE OF LIFE REMAINS A SOURCE OF SORROW 
FOR BOTH EGYPT AND THE U.S. WE HAVE RE-DEDICATED OURSELVES TO 

Ur.PAKTMENT OP aiAlE Ibj FP C j C DrU| '^t^'-^ Date- H j-i^l'^ c 

(-< RELEASE I ) DECLASSIFY 

1 ) EXCISE ( ) DcCLASSlFY j to Citations , ___ — . 

• ; DdiJf IN PART 

) 



TS authority to 



;-. •• :ons 



v.v^ans { ) CLASSIFY as t ) S or 

'( A GGRADE TS to ( ) S or 



:fi^^»«r^-^jIg^^.4^OL0Ti0B TO that cokphct. together, we 
•4>i!it;«6TPiQ?jsl|iv« taBOTABitiTy and sbcomty of the golf regiok 

AND TOSOIflS^ FRSEDOK OF BAVIGATIOB IH THE GOLF. 

IT HAS BBSS A PRODOCTIVB AMD BOCCBSSFOL VISIT AND I LOOK 
riftWABb 50 RBTOiWIHG. 



THASK too. 




mti/^tt TCSobaffex 
A^/Ct ADalBimex 
litA/PABi JBicuho 

8/P* 




rl gTftWlMwi'I'Aft'yl'hifl'gOWCtPSION OF THE Ma^ARAK Msi; 



MR. PRESIDENT. LADIES AND GENTLEMEN t 

IT HAS BEEN A GREAT PLEASURE FOR HE TO RETURN TO EGYPT 
ALTBOOGH, REGRETTABLY, MY STAY HERE HAS BEEN BRIEF, BUT MY 
MEETINGS, PARTICULARLY MY SESSION WITH PRESIDENT MUBA8AK, HAVE 
BEEN HOST OSEPUL. THE TIMING OF KY VISIT TO CAIRO COULD HOT 
HAVE BEEN BETTER. AS I HAD THE OPPORTUNITY TO CONGRATULATE 
PRESIDENT MUBARAK PERSONALLY ON HIS REELECTION TO A SECOND TERM 
O AS PRESIDENT OF EGYPT. HY GOVERNMENT SHARES THE CONFIDENCE OF 

G THE EGYPTIAN PEOPLE IN PRESIDENT MUBARAK'S STBENGTH AND 

P LEADERSHIP. 

I CAME TO CAIRO TO SEEK THE THOUGHTS AND COUNSEL OF OUR 
EGYPTIAN FRIENDS WHO HAVE BEEN SO CLOSELY IDENTIFIED WITH THE 

O 

^ PEACE PROCESS. AS ALWAYS, PRESIDENT MUBARAK HAS PROVED TO BE A 

tf WISE AND THOUGHTFUL INTERLOCUTOR. WE ARE IN A SITUATION MOW 

O WHICH FAVORS PROGRESS IN THE PEACE PROCESS. THE ISSUE BEFORE 

US IS HON BEST TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THAT SITUATION AND ACHIEVE 
TANGIBLE RESULTS. I LEAVE HERE WITH A CLEAR UNDERSTANDING OF 
THE EGYPTIAN PERCEPTION AND SOME USEFUL IDEAS WHICH WILL PLAY A 
PART IN OUR FURTHER DISCUSSIONS. 



) 



D£PAKTMiiN1 Uf STATE 

{ui RELEASE I ) DECLASSIFY j 
I ) tXCSE I ) DECLASSIFY \ to t->tat<ons 



\ IN PART ys authority to 

i n CLASSIFY as ^ ' ? °' 

I, - x-.nR'OT TP -o ■ 1 S or 



. " ■■ -.^^^ A 

\ \ \ : Jwo»i>sSK<Wii!i^K« ftoiss tosso gbntlsmeni 

i : . • wW^' *B & QSEAT PCBASDRB FOR MB TO RBTDBM TO EGYPT AFTER SOCH 
.. A Ipso TIMS JUtAY, TSB BOWS OP PRIENDSHIP THAT LIKK COR TWO 
. COQKTRIBS ARB STRONG AND RESILIENT AND I tOOK. FORWARD TO MY 
&1SC0SSI0SS HSBB. INDEED, BGYPT AND THE O.S. ARE TROLY 
.^AHTSBR^, »OTH. IN TBB CAOSE OP PEACE AND REGIONAL STABILITY AND 
IN OOH gBFJPORtS TO AiSSXST EGYPT IN TBB DBVEtOPMBNT OF ITS GREAT 
P'OTENTlAt.- 



- "PRESIDENT BEACAN ASKSED HE TO UNDERTAKE THIS JOORNBY IN 
^i^^J*^ COBRENT STATUS OF THE MIDDLE EAST PEACE 

jp^*'^ Wlftt BE REVIEWING THE SITUATION TODAY WITH YOUR 

«> ^ ^OVERJflteKT^ PARIICOLARLY ^RBMbBNT HOBAHAK . TBB EGYPTIAN HOLE 
^ s . 4rfB ^qi! JPjj^Sd fifeNAlNS a crucial ONE. SO I WILL BB. 

^X&iacmG TORwArP -(fO-CjcSMP^RmG NOTES AND SHARING IDEAS ON HOW TO 

isbcBE^ ' ' 

^ THIS y^SIT WILIif iiisO PROVIDE ME WITH AN OPPORTUNITY TO 
MVIEW WITH taifi EGmiMJ LEADERSHIP OTHBR ISSUES OF IMPORTANCE 
"*9ilp» two CODMTRIBS BOTB VWITHIN TBB REGION AND BEYOND IT. 



/TBANX YOd. 



UtPARTMENT .OF STATE _!.*!if f ' 




■ |V<H=LEASE ( > DECLASSIFY : 

I'Im ( ) DECLASSIFY EUC,tat,oos, ^ 

: ) DENY ' 'N PAff ' TS authority to 

V „ • U) CLASSIFY as I )Sor 

: ■ ' ~ I ( ' DOWNGRADE TS to t ) S or 



HY VISIT AT THE OUTSET OP PRESIDENT MUBARAK'S SECOND TERM, 
HAS ALSO PROVIDED HE WITH AN OPPORTUNITY TO REVIEW FURTHER WITH 
ODH BGyPTIAH FRIENDS THE STATOS Or OUR BXCEUBHT BIIATBRAI. 
RBIATZONB. T^B B6XPTIAH PEOPLE PACE GREAT CHALLBNGBS AS YOU 
SEBK TO IMPROVE TOUR LIVES AND THE LIVES OF YOUR CHILDREN. THE 
COURAGE YOU HAVE SHOfTN AMD THE PROGRESS YOU ARE MAKING IH 
ACHIEVING THOSE GOALS ARE EQUALLY GREAT. HE ARE PROUD THAT HE 
BAVE BEEN ABLE TO CONTRIBUTE TO EGYPTIAN EFFORTS TO DEVELOP A 
MORE DYNAMIC BCONOHY. AND, NE REMAIN COHNITTBO TO SUPPORTING 
TBE EGYPTIAN MILITARY IN ITS DRIVE FOR MODBRi^IZATlON AND 
EFFICIENCY. 

PRESIDENT MUBARAK AND I HAVE ALSO REVIEWED ISSUES OF 
REGIONAL INTEREST. TBE IRAN- IRAQ WAR CONTINUES TO TBREATEN THE 
SECURITY OF THE ENTIRE REGION AKD TO ZHFLICT TERRIBLE AMD 
UNNECESSARY SUFFERING ON TBE PEOPLBS OF TBOSB TWO COUNTRIES. 
BUT THERE ARE ALSO S(WE BOPEFUL DEVELOPMENTS. PRESIDENT BABRE 
AND TBE PEOPLE: OF CHAD HAVE MADE PROGRESS IN DEFEATING LIBYAN 
AGGRESSION IN THEIR COUNTRY. AND THE STRUGGLE OF THE AFGHAN 
PEOPLE TO END THE SOVIET OCCUPATION OF THEIR COUNTRY CONTINUES 
ANP IS GROWING IN STRENGTH. 



-3- 



^ Mt:!T^t^KL6 IV THE MIDDLE EAST ARE IN QUEST OF A WAY TO MOVE 
(»WAia>S PEACE — A GOAL TO HBXCB HB ItEHAIN FXttMLY 

COMnr^liD. IT IS BOTH FITTING AND ESSENTIAL THAT CAIRO IS 
XSCfiUDBD AtiOHG MY STOPS. IH A SENSE X AMD ALL WHO JOIN MB IN 
T^ SEARCH FOR PEACE ARE FOLLONXNG IN EGYPT 1^8 PATH. 

: XT IS MOW TIME FOR HBvTO COMTINUE ON KY JOtnUIEY. I LOOK 
: : ^ FOE^WAR^-TO RBTaRHIMG TOvCAIRO FOR A LOVIGER PERIOD NEXT TIKE 



,0 i 

:.„j.yy 



;r?koPE -^-'AMO TO CONT^ VWfi PROCESS OF CLOSE CONSDLTATION 

$£TiqSEN 'QOR: T)»%) -6^ . 



THANK YOtJ. 



CurrenlGlilsSicationr: ClNCLA^SIFSgB 
Current Hanging rt'estri Aons"*** ' ri/a 



OASYS DOCUMENT HEADER ***»> 




DOC_NBR= 87JERUSA03313 
FILM= D870822-0401 
DATE= 06 OCT 87 
TYPE=TE 

FROM= JERUSALEM 

DRAFTER= n/a 

OFFICE= ACTION NEA 

T0= STATE 
WHITE HOUSE 

CHANNELS n/a 

• ORIGHAND= n/a 
0R1GPHAND= n/a 
0RIGCLASS= UNCLASSIFIED 
0RIGPCLASS= n/a 
Ep= N/A 

SUBJECT= JERUSALEM AND WEST BANK PRESS SUMMARY FOR UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSli 
REFERENCE= n/a 
CONTROL_NBR= n/a 
ENCLOSURES n/a 

LOCATORS TEXT ON-LINE. ON MICROFILM 
ERRORSs N/A 

CONCEPTSs WEST BANK, PRESS SUMMARY, FOREIGN RELATIONS. PALESTINIANS 
TAGS=KPAL.PHUM.ASEC.PREL,SCUL,PHUM.OTRA, IS,JO t i 





««.»»*, 




e >£>Etl^sslFY 

IN PART 




UNCLASSiBtBCt* : ; :•: '•.*•. • • |" 

•« ••• •••••• a • • 

PAGE 01 JERUSA 03313 01 OF 03 061340Z 

ACTION NEA-04 

INFO LOG-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 AID-00 INR-10 EUR-00 SS-00 
H-01 MSC-01 10-19 NSAE-00 SSO-00 HA-09 L-03 
TRSE-00 PM-10 PA-02 OMB-01 INRE-00 RP-10 ACDA-12 
SP-02 SNP-01 C-01 PRS-01 DS-01 DSE-00 SCT-02 
P-02 T-01 /094W 

115521 061355Z/4138 

O061327ZOCT 87 

FM AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0300 

WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

USIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6344 

AMEMBASSY AMMAN IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 

CIA WASHDC PRIORITY 

DIA WASHDC PRIORITY 

AMEMBASSY CAIRO 

AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS 

AMCONSUL JEDDAH 

AMEMBASSY LONDON 

AMEMBASSY MUSCAT 

AMEMBASSY RABAT 

AMEMBASSY RIYADH 

USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 

USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE 

USNMR SHAPE BE 

USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL 

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 JERUSALEM 03313 

USIA FOR P/R, P/G. P/P, P/FW, P/FN, BXNA/OA 
NEA.USCENTCOM/USCINCEUR FOR POLAD 

E.0. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: ASEC, PROG, PREL, SCUL, SHUM, IS, JO, KPAL 
SUBJECT: JERUSALEM AND WEST BANK PRESS SUMMARY FOR 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 JERUSA 03313 01 OF 03 061340Z 
TUESDAY. OCTOBER 6, 1987 

SUMMARY: 

//////// 

.*: ••; : ; : ; : 

-- jerusal6^/w|^^bjvwkwewI?: j\ : *; : : 



• • • • *•• • • • * • • 

1. EREZ T(5*RlPUt^Sl^eH'AS'WEST BB\NK CIVIL 
ADMINISTRATOR. 



2. AUTHORITIES DEPORT ONE PALESTINIAN TO JORDAN. 

3. WOMAN STABS BORDER POLICEMAN OUTSIDE DAMASCUS 
GATE; OTHER iNCIDENTS. 

4. ISRAELI OFFCIALS URGE PALESTINIAN FARMERS TO 
EXPORT THROUGH JORDAN. 

5. AUTHORITIES FORBID HESIDENTS OF BEIT SAHOUR 
FROM TRAVELLING ACCROSS THE BRIDGE TO JORDAN. 

6. 260 PALESTINIAN YOUTHS ARE IN FARA'A PRISON. 

7. JERUSALEM MAYOR KOLLEK BOYCOTTS SPANISH 
NATIONAL DAY FESTIVITIES. 

8. DEPSTATE OFFICIAL VISITS UNRWA INSTALLATIONS IN 
THE WEST BANK AND GAZA. 

-- EDITORIALS: 

PALESTINIAN-ISRAELI CONTACTS SHOULD BEAR; ARABS 
SHOULD CONDEMN SYRIA AS WELL AS IRAN; ATTEMPTS TO 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 JERUSA 03313 01 OF 03 061340Z 

BYPASS THE FLO WILL FAIL; WEST BANKERS AND GAZANS 
SHOULD REFRAIN FOM SELF-DESTRUCTION; PM SHAMIR 
DISPLEASED WITH NEW SOVIET POLICY. 

- END SUMMARY. 

JERUSALEMAVEST BANK NEWS: 
///////////////////////// 

1. ALL PAPERS EXCEPT AL-FAJR REPORTED THAT 
BHIGADIEH GENERAL YEHOSHUA "SHAIKE" EREZ, HEAD OF 
THE GAZA DISTRICT CIVIL ADMINISTRATION, HAS BEEN 
CHOSEN TO REPLACE BRIGADIER GENERAL EPHRAIM SNEH 
AS HEAD OF THE CIVIL ADMINISTRATION IN THE WEST 
BANK. HE IS SLATED TO TAKE OFFICE WITHIN THE 
COMING WEEK. SNEH RESIGNED RECENTLY AFTER MORE 
THAN TWO YEARS AT HIS POST. REPORTEDLY BECAUSE OF 
POLICY DISi«5RE£MErjT^.WITW THE-COORniNAJOR OF 
ACTIVITIES J^TJ^f t)pCLJPIED*Te^lT$)Rl|S{^JylUEL 



GOREN. SF?Er,48. MAS:BEBNMEi[30i:"ftEjClvlL 
ADMlNISTPlAflKlNfM ?3teA'STFnP SINCETCIARCH 
1985. HE PREVIOUSLY SERVED AS DEPUTY COMMANDER OF 
THE IDF LIAISON UNIT IN LEBANON AND MILITARY 
GOVERNOR OF THE SINAI AREA. A REPLACEMENT FOR HIM 
IN GAZA HAS YET TO BE NAMED. 

2. AL-FAJR ALONE REPORTED THAT ISRAELI AUTHORITIES 
DEPORTED SECUITY PRISONE ZAKARIYA HAMED 
AN-NAHHAS, 38, OF RAMALLAH. AFTER A DELAY IN 
IMPLEMENTING THE DEPORTATION ORDER ISSUED AGAINST 
HIM ON JUNE 21. AN-NAHHAS WAS DEPORTED TO JORDAN 
ACHOSS THE DESET SOUTH OF THE DEAD SEA AFTER. HE 
WAS ACCUSED OF MEMBEHSHIP IN THE PFLP AND 
INFILTRATION INTO THE OCCUPIED TERRITORIES. 



UNCLASSIFIED 
UNCLASSIFIED- 
PAGE 04 JERUSA 03313 01 OF 03 061340Z 



UNCLASSIFIED 



NNNN 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 01 JERUSA 03313 02 OF 03 0613402 
ACTION NEA-04 

INFO LOQ-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 AID-00 INR-10 EUR-00 SS-00 
H-01 MSC-01 10-19 NSAE-00 SSO-00 HA-09 L-03 
TRSE-00 PM-10 PA-02 OMB-01 INRE-00 RP-10 ACDA-12 
SP-02 SNP-01 C-01 PRS-01 DS-01 DSE-00 SCT-02 
P-02 T-01 /094 W 

115535 061355Z/44-38 

O061327ZOCT 87 

FM AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0301 

WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

USIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6345 

AMEMBASSY AMMAN IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 

CIA WASHDC PRIORITY 

DIA WASHDC PRIORITY 

AMEMBASSY CAIRO 

AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS 

AMCONSUL JEDDAH 

AMEMBASSY LONDON 

AMEMBASSY MUSCAT 

AMEMBASSY RABAT 

AMEMBASSY RIYADH 

USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 

USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE 

USNMR SHAPE BE 

USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL 



UNCLAS SEGTTCgM:02^C)e QS'JER^f AI.EM.0a313.. 



USIA FOR hklhk. in. Pf Y3rB«F5l.iBXW/fe4 J 
NEA.USCENTCOM/USCINCEUR FOR POUb 

E.0. 12356: N/A 
TAGS: ASEC. PROG, PREL, SCUL, SHUM, IS, JO, KPAL 
SUBJECT: JERUSALEM AND WEST BANK PRESS SUMMARY FOR 
UNCUSSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 JERUSA 03313 02 OF 03 061340Z 



3. ALL PAPERS REPORTED THAT THE JERUSALEM POLICE 
OBTAINED A COURT ORDER BANNING THE PUBLICATION OF 
FURTHER DETAILS ON AN ARAB WOMAN WHO TRIED TO STAB 
A BORDER POLICEMAN NEAR JERUSALEM'S OLD CITY ON 
OCTOBER 2. THE WOMAN HAS BEEN REMANDED IN CUSTODY 
FOR TWO WEEKS. POLICE SOURCES SAID SHE WAS 
ARRESTED A YEAR AGO FOR ATTEMPTING A SIMILAR ACT 
AND LATER RELEASED ON GROUNDS THAT SHE WAS 
MENTALLY UNBALANCED. HOWEVER, HER INVOLVEMENT IN 

A SECOND ATTEMPT HAS RAISED NEW QUESTIONS ABOUT 
HER MOTIVES. SEVERAL OTHER INICDENTS WERE ALSO 
REPORTED: 

-- ALL ARABIC PAPERS REPORTED THAT A MOLOTOV 
COCKTAIL WAS THROWN AT AN ISRAELI BUS TRAVELLING 
NEAR MIGDALIM SETTLEMENT. NABLUS DISTRICT. NO 
INJURIES WERE REPORTED. POLICE SEARCHED THE AREA. 

-- THE POST REPORTED THAT TWO OF THE THREE GAZA 
RESIDENT KILLED BY ISRAELI SOLDIERS ON OCTOBER 1 , 
WHEN THEIR CAR BURST THROUGH A ROADBLOCK AT BUREIJ 
REFUGEE CAMP IN GAZA STRIP WERE BURIED AT NIGHT ON 
OCTOBER 4, UNDER TIGHT SECURITY. ONLY A HANDFUL 
OF IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS WERE PERMITTED TO 
ATTEND THE BURIAL. THE THIRD MAN KILLED IN THE 
INCIDENT HAS NOT BEEN IDENTIFIED BECAUSE HE WAS 
NOT CARRYING IDENTITY DOCUMENTS. SECURITY FORCES 
ARE CHECKING WHETHER THE MAN LACKED A PERMIT TO 
STAY IN THE GAZA STRIP AND WHETHER HIS COLLEAGUES 
RAN THE ROADBLOCK OUT OF FEAR THAT HE WOULD BE 
FOUNDOUT. 

UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 JERUSA 03313 02 OF 03 061340Z 

4. THE POST.RERCkSlixlih^TrlJPSPIf^ AW}:»;|lCIAL 



DECISIONrbfeStVA^LISf^jiVltV^Fij^-flNCj foca^TO 
C00RD!NA*rE*WFrECrAT3RICUI!TURAL EXPORTS FROM THE 

OCCUPIED TERRITORIES TO EUROPE THROUGH ISRAELI 
PORTS. ISRAELI AUTHORITIES ARE NOW URGING 
PALESTINIAN FARMERS TO EXPORT TO EUROPE THROUGH 
JODAN. THIS WAS REVEALED DURING A MEETING 
BETWEEN PROMINENT PRO-JORDANIAN PUBLIC FIGURES IN 
THE WEST BANK WITH THE COORDINATOR OF ACTIVITIES 
IN THE OCCUPIED TERRITORIES, SHMUEL GOREN. DURING 
A MEETING FOLLOWING PM SHAMIR'S AUDIENCE WITH THE 
GROUP, GOREN PROMISED GENEROUS SUBSIDIES FROM THE 
CIVIL ADMINISTRATION BUDGET FOR GOODS SHIPPED TO 
EUROPE THROUGH JORDAN AND ALL NECCESSARY TECHNICAL 
ASSISTANCE, INCLUDING REFRIGERATION FACILITIES. 
THE ENCOURAGEMENT STEMS FROM THE CONTINUED 
RESISTANCE OF ISRAELI FARMERS TO THE DIRECT 
EXPORTS THROUGH ISRAELI PORTS, WHICH THEY SEE AS 
DANGEROUS COMPETITIGN. 

5. AL-QUDS AND ASHAAB REPORTED THAT ISRAELI 
AUTHORITIES BANNED THE TRAVEL OF RESIDENTS OF BEIT 
SAHOUR ACROSS THE BRIDGES TO JORDAN UNTIL FUTHER 
NOTICE. 

6. ASHAAB QUOTED RELIABLE SOURCES THAT THE NUMBER 
OF PALESTINIAN YOUTHS AGED BETWEEN 12-24 DETAINED 
AT FARA'A PRISON CAMP IN NABLUS IS ABOUT 260. 

7. THE POST REPORTED THAT JERUSALEM MAYOR TEDDY 
KOLLEK AND OTHER SENIOR CITY OFFICIALS WILL 
BOYCOTT THE SPANISH NATIONAL DAY FESTIVITIES ON 
OCTOBER 12 TO PROTEST THE SPANISH CONSULATE'S 
DECISION TO HOLD TWO SEPARATE PARTIES IN EAST AND 
WEST JERUSALEM. , 

UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCUSSIFIED 

PAGE 04 JERUSA 03313 02 OF 03 0613402 



UNCLASSIFIED 



NNNN 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 01 JERUSA 03313 03 OF 03 061341Z 
ACTION NEA-04 

INFO LOG-GO COPY-01 ADS-00 AID-00 INR-10 EUR-00 SS-00 
H-01 MSC-01 10-19 NSAE-00 SSO-00 HA-OS L-03 
TRSE-00 PM-10 PA-02 OMB-01 INRE-00 RP-10 ACDA-12 
SP-02 SNP-01 C-01 PRS-01 DS-01 DSE-00 SCT-D2 
P-02 T-01 /094W 

- 115540 061355Z/44-38 

O 061327ZOCT87 

FM AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0302 

WHITEH0LiSEVW\SH0C;lMfJl^E)lf1&.; ... .. 

usiA WASMcfc.Minii5C3>*rE6^'*6*" ^ *: : : 



AMEMBA^sVjCftlvi^jMKjEjjk^Tc: j* : : : 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 
CIA WASHDC PRIORITY 
DIA WASHDC PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY CAIRO 
AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS 
AMCONSULJEDDAH 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY MUSCAT 
AMEMBASSY RABAT 
AMEMBASSY RIYADH 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE 
USNMR SHAPE BE 
USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL 

UNCLAS SECTION 03 OF 03 JERUSALEM 03313 

USIA FOR P/R, P/G, P/P, P/FW, P/FN, BXN/VOA 
NEA,USGENTC0M/USC1NCEUR FOR POLAD 

E.G. 12356: N/A 

TAGS; ASEC. PROG, PREL. SOUL, SHUM, IS, JO, KPAL 
SUBJECT: JERUSALEM AND WEST BANK PRESS SUMMARY FOR 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 JERUSA 03313 03 OF 03 061341Z 



8. AN-NAHAR HEPORTED THAT MS. CHAVCHAVADZE, 
DEPUTY DIRECTOR OF REFUGEE AFFAIRS IN THE U.S. 
STATE DEPARTMENT ARRIVED IN JERICHO VIA THE 
ALLENBY BRIDGE FROM AMMAN FOR A FOUR-DAY VISIT TO 
UNRWA INSTALLATIONS IN THE WEST BANK AND GAZA. 
THE U.S. OFFICIAL. ACCOMPANIED BY DIRECTOR OF 
UNRWA OPERATIONS IN THE WEST BANK, THE AMERICAN 
CONSUL AND SENIOR UNRWA OFFICIALS VISITED LOCAL 
UNHWA OFFICES. CLINICS AND SCHOOLS IN THE AREA. 

EDITORIALS: . 

/////////// 

AN-NAHAR ARGUED THAT IF THE FREQUENT VISITS 
EXCHANGED BETWEEN ISRAELI "HIGH OFFICIALS" AND 
PALESTINIAN FIGUES FROM THE OCCUPIED TERRITORIES 
CONTINUE WITHOUT ANY CHANGES IN THE HEALTH, SOCIAL 
AND ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF ARAB RESIDENTS. THIS 
CONDUCT WILL SHOW THAT ISRAELIS ARE NOT SERIOUS 
ABOUT FIN{Jfl^5V^^Qftll>REWENSIJ/E•5eU^TJQ^tTO THE 
PALESTINIAMBBDBU^ l ,r " ' ' 



AL-FAJR sAb TH/Ct ^kli AhAbS*A^RE wkfriNG TO HOLD 
THEIR SUMMIT MEETING, MORE BLOOD IS BEING SHED IN 
THE GULF. ARABS SHOULD CONFRONT THE SYRIAN STAND 
AS WELL AS THE IRANIAN POLICY. 

ASHAAB CHITICIZED ATTEMPTS BY SEVERAL PARTIES TO 
ORGANIZE "PUPPET" GROUPS WHICH TRY TO "FORGE THE 
PALESTINIAN WILL" WHILE SHAMIR INTENDS TO VISIT 
WASHINGTON AND SHULTZ IS COMING TO THE REGION, ONE 
CAN READ THE SCENARIO OF THE EXPECTED 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 JERUSA 03313 03OF03 061341Z 

AMERICAN-ISRAELI ACTIVITIES IN THE NEXT EIGHT 
MONTHS, WHICH PERES SAID WOULD BE DECISIVE. 

AL-QUDS ADVISED RESIDENTS OF THE OCCUPIED 
TERRITORIES TO PRACTICE SELF-CRITICISM IN A 
CONSTRUCTIVE MANNER. "AT THESE DIFFICULT TIMES," 
ONE SHOULD ADHERE TO THE PRINCIPLES OF UNITY AND 
NOT "SELF-DESTRUCTION." 

THE POST REMARKED THAT PM SHAMIR IS VERY HARD TO 
PLEASE. DESPITE RECENT CHANGES IN SOVIET POLICY 
TOWARDS ISRAEL, EXPRESSIONS OF CONCERN FOR HUMAN 
RIGHTS, IMPROVEMENT OF TIES WITH THE U.S., MR. 
SHAMIR CONTINUES TO MAKE LIGHT OF ANY CONCESSION 
THAT THE PRESENT SOVIET LEADERSHIP MIGHT HAVE TO 
OFFER: "THEY ONLY COMPLICATE MATTERS." 



DRAPER 



Current Classification*** >J>!CLASSn'lED 
*** Current Handling Restrictions *** n/a 

«<**** OASYS DOCUMENT HEADER ***»> 

DOC_NBR= 87JERUSA03166 

FILM= D870775-0836 

DATE= 19 SEP 87 

TYPE=TE 

FROM= JERUSALEM 

DRAFTER= n/a 

OFFICE= ACTION NEA 

T0= STATE 
WHITE HOUSE 

CHANNEL= n/a 

ORIGHAND= n/a 

ORIGPHAND= n/a 

ORIGCLASS= UNCLASSIFIED 

ORIGPCLASS= n/a 

E0= N/A 

SUBJECT= JERUSALEM AND WEST BANK PRESS SUMMARY FOR FRIDAY, SEPTEMEBR 1 8, 1 987 
UNCLASSIFIED 

REFERENCE" n/a 

CONTR0L_NBR=n/a 

ENCLOSURE" n/a 

LOCATOR= TEXT ON-LINE ON MICROFILM 

ERRORS= N/A 

CONCEPTS= WEST BANK, UNIVERSITY, PRESS SUMMARY, PEACE, RESOLUTION, REFUGEE CAMP 
TAGS= KPAL. ASEC. PREL. SCUL, OPRC. PHUM. IS. JO 

^' "JwcM £J^t FPC; CDR jLtM^ Data <(i'>-o ' 



lOOl I ) exCIGE ( ) DECLASSIFY 



EO Citations^ 



; Oar;-.- in part 

) i TS authority to 

:-' ■:■ ■■■■-■.riions ( ) CLASSIFY as ( ) S or 

• '''"^s l( > DOWNfiRADE TS to ( I S or 



««.»» 
UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 01 JERUSA 03166 01 OF 03 190745Z 
ACTION NEA-04 

INFO LOG-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 INR-10 EUR-00 OIC-02 SCL-01 
10-19 NSAE-00 HA-09 PM-10 PA-02 INRE-00 PRS-Ol 
DS-01 DSE-00 SCT-02 /062W 

252007 1908O0Z/H37 

O 190736ZSEP 87 

FM AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0 1 49 

WHTTEHOUSEWASHDC IMMEDIATE 

USIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6274 

AMEMBASSY AMMAN IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 

CIA WASHDC PRIORITY 

DIA WASHDC PRIORITY 

AMEMBASSY CAIRO 

AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS 

AMCONSUL JEDDAH 

AMEMBASSY LONDON 

AMEMBASSY MUSCAT 

AMEMBASSY RABAT 

AMEMBASSY RIYADH 

USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 

USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE 

USNMR SHAPE BE 

USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL 

UNCLAS SECTION 0 1 OF 03 JERUSALEM 03 166 

USIA FOR P/R, P/G. P/P, P/FW. P/FN, BXNA'OA 
NEA,USCENTCOMAJSCINCEUR FOR POLAD 

E.O. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: ASEC, PROG, PREL. SCUL. SHUM. IS. JO. KPAL 
SUBJECT: JERUSALEM AND WEST BANK PRESS SUMMARY FOR 
FRIDAY, SEPTEMEBR 18, 1987 

UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 JERUSA 03166 01 OF 03 190745Z 
SUMMARY: 

- JERUSALEMAVEST BANK NEWS: 



1. AUTHORITIES ORDER ADMINISTRATIVE ARREST OF 
HUSSEINl'S DEPUTY AND OTHERS; HUSSEINI TESTIFIES. 

2. DEMONSTRATIONS AND stiKES IN THE WEST BANK MARK 
THE ANNIVERSARY OF SABRA AND SHATILA. 

3. VILLAGE LEAGUES "WEST BANK PEACE" RADIO STATION 
PROMOTED. 

4. ISLAMIC FACTION REJECTS AN-NAJAH UNIVERSITY'S 

RESOLUTIONS. 

5. FAYEZ ABU RAHMEH AND HANNA SINIORA TO ATTEND A 
CONFERENCE IN SAN DIEGO. 

6. SARI NUSSEIBEH DOES NOT SUPPORT THE PLO. 
-EDITORIALS: 

ISRAELI LEADERS AGREE IN PRINCIPLE ON OCCUPIED 
TERRITORIES POLICY: CRISIS AT AN-NAJH RESOLVED; 
CLOSURE OF PLO OFFICES "AMERICAN TERRORISM:" WILL 
THE UNSC IMPOSE SANCTIONS ON IRAN? ALGERIA ANOTHER 
MOSLEM COUNTRY AFTER ALL. 

- END SUMMARY. 

JERUSALEMAVEST BANK NEWS: 

UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 JERUSA 03166 01 OF 03 190745Z 

1 . ALL PAPERS REPORTED THAT AUTHORITIES ORDERED 
THE ADMINISTRATIVE ARREST OF ISHAQ BUDEIRI, DEPUTY 
DIRECTOR OF THE ARAB STUDIES SOCIETY IN EAST 
JERUSALEM. LESS THAN A WEEK AFTER FEISAL HUSSEINI, 
THE RESEARCH CENTER'S DIRECTOR. WAS PLACED IN 
ADMINISTRATIVE DETENTION. BUDEIRI WAS CHARGED 
WITH ORGANIZING DEMONSTRATIONS AND STRIKES IN 
CONNECTION WITH THE ANNIVERSARY OF THE SABRA AND 
SHATILA MASSACRE. HIS ARREST WAS MADE DURING A 
BROAD ROUNDUP OF ACTIVISTS BY SECURITY FORCES. 
FEISAL HUSSEINI TESTIFIED SEPTEMBER 1 7 BEHIND 
CLOSED DOORS AT THE JERUSALEM DISTRICT COURT. 
WHICH WAS CONSIDERING A REQUEST FOR CONFIRMATION 
OF HIS SIX MONTH ADMINISTRATIVE ARREST ORDER A 
DECISION WILL BE GIVEiv R NIN^? DAYS. 



RAED ISMAIL IDRIS ABU SABGHA OF NABLUS WAS ORDERED 
HELD FOR THREE DAYS ON SUSPICION OF PLANNING TO 
ORGANIZE DISTURBANCES. MIDHAT ABDEL MAJID 
SHAKHSHIR. ALSO OF NABLUS. WAS ORDERED HELD FOR 
SIX MONTHS' ADMINISTRATIVE DETENTION ON SUSPICION 
OF BEING A FATAH ACTIVIST. AUTHORITIES ISSUED A 
SIX-MONTH ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER AGAINST A MAN FROM 
AZZOUN VILLAGE. ABDALLAH ABDEL AZIZ ABDALLAH 
JOUDEH. ON SUSPfciGN OF ORGANIZING DISTURBANCES. 
AL-QUDS ADDED THAT AUTHORITIES RENEWED THE 
SIX-MONTH ADMINISTRATIVE ARREST ORDER ISSUED 
AGAINST SALAH ZUHEIKA. OF JERUSALEM. FOR THE 
SECOND TIME IN A ROW. TWELVE PALESTINIANS WERE 
ARRESTED EARLIER THIS WEEK. 



UNCLASSIFIED 



NNNN 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 01 JERUSA 03166 02 OF 03 190745Z 
ACTION NEA-04 

INFO LOG-dO COPY-01 ADS-00 INR-10 EUR-00 OIC-02 SCL-01 
10-19 NSAE-00 HA-09 AMAD-01 PM-10 PA-02 INRE-00 
PRS-OI DS-OI DSE-00 SCT-02 /063 W 
252022 190800Z/I138 

0 190736Z SEP 87 

FM AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0150 

WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

USIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6275 . 

AMEMBASSV AMMAN IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV KvIMriDIATE 



CFA WASHDC PRIORITY 
DIA WASHDC PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY CAIRO 
AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS 
AMCONSUL JEDDAH 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY MUSCAT 
AMEMBASSY RABAT 
AMEMBASSY RIYADH 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
USCINCEUR VAIHINGENGE 
USNMR SHAPE BE 
USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL 

UNCLAS SECTION 02 OF 03 JERUSALEM 03166 

USIA FOR P/R. P/G. P/P. P/FW. P/FN. BXNA'OA. 
NEA,USCENTCOM/USCINCEUR FOR POLAD 

E.O. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: ASEC. PROG. PREL. SCUL. SHUM. IS. JO. KPAL 

SUBJECT: JERUSALEM AND WEST BANK PRESS SUMMARY FOR 

2 . ALL PAPERS REPORTED THAT THE FIFTH ANNIVERSARY 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 JERUSA 03166 02OF03 I90745Z 

OF THE MASSACRE AT BEIRUT'S SABRA AND SHATILA 
REFUGEE CAMPS PASSED "RELATIVELY QUIETLY" IN THE 
OCCUPIED TERRITORIES. ARABIC PAPERS SAID THAT 
THERE WAS AN ATMOSPHERE OF TENTION ALL OVER THE 
WEST BANK. ALL PAPERS CARRIED REPORTS OF 
SCATTERED INCIDENTS AND STRIKES IN SEVERAL 
LOCATIONS. THE MOST SERIOUS CLASH OCCURRED AT THE 
HEBRON UNIVERSITY WHEN TROOPS FIRED IN THE AIR AND 
USED TEAR GAS TO BREAK UP A DEMONSTRATION IN WHICH 
YOUTHS THREW ROCKS AT ARMY VEHICLES AND RAISED 
PALESTINIAN FLAGS. IDF TROOPS SET UP ROAD-BLOCKS 
NEAR THE CAMPUS. AT BIR ZEIT UNIVERSITY, STUDENTS 
DEMONSTRATED INSIDE THE CAMPUS WITHOUT INCIDENTS. 
A NEAR-TOTAL COMMERCUL STRIKE WAS IN FORCE IN 
RAMALLAH AND EL-BIREH AND IN THE CASBAH IN 
NABLUS. THREE YOUTHS WERE ARRESTED IN DOWNTOWN 
NABLUS AFTER THEY ENTERED A GIRL'S SCHOOL AND 
URGED PUPILS TO DEMONSTRATE. THE CURFEW WHICH WAS 
IMPOSED ON THE BALATA REFUGEE CAMP IN NABLUS ON 
SEPTEMBER 16 REMAINED IN FORCE. IT WAS LIFTED FOR 
SEVERAL HOURS. PRO TES TFRS cFJECTED HARKICADES ON 



ROADS AND BURNED TIRES I>f KAMALLAH. A1 BEIT ULA. 
NORTH OF HEBRON. AT JALAZONE AND KALANDIA REFUGEE 
CAMPS AND AT ANATA, NORTH OF JERUSALEM, SECURITY 
FORCES USED TEAR GAS TO DISPERSE DEMONSTRATORS. 
IN WEST JERUSALEM. PLACARD-CARRYING PROTESTERS. 
ORGANIZED BY THE COMMITTEE TO MARK THE 20 YEARS OF 
OCCUPATION SHOUTED SLOGANS IN PROTEST AGAINST 
"MASSACRES AND OCCUPATION." 

AUTHORITIES CARRIED OUT SEVERAL PREEMPTIVE 
DETENTIONS OF "ACTIVISTS" AND DELAYED THE 
DISTRIBUTION OF ARABIC NEWSPAPERS, ON THE GROUNDS 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 JERUSA 03166 02 OF 03 190745Z 

THAT THEY HAD TO BE CHECKED FOR CENSORSHIP 
VIOLATIONS. ALL PAPERS CARRIED ILLUSTRATED 
FEATURE ARTICLES AND EDITORIALS ON THE MASSACRE. 
POLICE BARRED A PLANNED MARCH BY THE COMMITTEE 
CONFRONTING THE IRON FIST, A JEWISH-ARAB GROUP 
OPPOSED TO ISRAELI POLICIES IN THE OCCUPIED 
TERRITORIES. 

3. THE POST REPORTED THAT THE HEAD OF THE WEST 
BANK VILLAGE LEAGUES, JAMIL AL-AMLEH. HAS RETURNED 
FROM A TRIP TO THE U S. WHICH HE SAYS WAS DESIGNED 
TO RAISE MONEY FOR A RADIO STATION. TO BE CALLED 
"THE VOICE OF PEACE OF THE WEST BANK AND GAZA 
STRIP." AL-AMLEH SAID HE TRAVELLED ACROSS THE 
COUNTRY MEETING WITH BUSINESS LEADERS AND 
CONGRESSMEN. INCLUDING REPUBLICAN SENATOR ROBERT 
DOLE. TO "PROMOTE THE IDEAS OF PEACE AND OF A 
JORDANIAN-PALESTINIAN CONFEDERATION " AL-AMLEH 
SAID HE NEEDED TO COMBAT WHAT HE SAID WAS A 
MONOPOLY OF THE PALESTINIAN PRESS EXERCISED BY PLO 
SUPPORTERS. PALESTINIAN MEDL\ IN THE OCCUPIED 
TERRITORIES DO NOT REFLECT THE VIEWS OF THE 
MAJORITY, HE ADDED. AL-AMLEH ANNOUNCED HIS 
INTENTION OF OPENING THE STATION TWO MONTHS AGO 
BUT HAS YET TO SUBMIT A FORMAL REQUEST TO THE 
CIVIL ADMINISTRATION. THE VILLAGE LEAGUES. WHOSE 
STRONGHOLD IS IN THE RURAL AREA AROUND HEBRON. 
WERE ENCOURAGED BY ISRAEL IN THE EARLY 80'S, BUT 
AUTHORITIES HAVE WITHDRAWN THEIR SUPPORT IN RECENT 
YEARS. 

4 . AL-FAJR REPORTED THAT REPRESENTATIVES OF THE 



UNCLASSIFIED 



NNNN 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 01 JERUSA 03166 03 OF 03 190746Z 
ACTION NEA-04 

INFO LOG-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 INR-10 EUR-00 OIC-02 SCL-01 
10-19 NSAE-00 HA-09 AMAD-OI PM-10 PA-02 INRE-00 
PRS-01 DS-OI DSE-00 SCT-02 /063 W 
-252036 190800Z/11 38 

O 190736Z SEP 87 

FM AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0151 

WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

USIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6276 

AMEMBASSY AMMAN IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 

CIA WASHDC PRIORITY 

DIA WASHDC PRIORITY 

AMEMBASSY CAIRO 

AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS 

AMCONSUL JEDDAH 

AMEMBASSY LONDON 

AMEMBASSY MUSCAT 

AMEMBASSY RABAT 

AMEMBASSY RIYADH 

USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 

USCINCEUR VAIHINGENGE 

USNMR SHAPE BE 

USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB PL 

UNCLAS SECTION 03 OF 03 JERUSALEM 03166 

USIA FOR P/R- P/G. P/P. P/FW. P/FN- BXNA^OA 
NEAUSCENTCOM/USCINCFOR FOR POLAD 



E.O. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: ASEC. PROG, PREL, SCUL, SHUM. IS, JO, KPAL 
SUBJECT: JERUSALEM AND WEST BANK PRESS SUMMARY FOR 

NATIONALIST STUDENT FACTIONS AT NABLUS'S AN-NAJAH 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 JERUSA 03166 03 OF 03 190746Z 

UNIVERSITY. AGREED TO ABIDE BY THE DECISIONS OF 
THE ADMINISTRATION, WHILE THE MOSLEM FACTION 
REJECTED THE RESOLUTIONS AND REFUSED TO HAND OVER 
THE KEYS OF THE CAMPUS MOSQUE TO THE 
ADMINISTRATION. HOWEVER, UNIVERSITY OFFICIALS 
EMPHASIZED THAT STUDIES WILL RESUME SEPTEMBER 20. 
AS SCHEDULED. 

5. AL-FAJR AND ASHAAB REPORTED THAT ISRAELI 
AUTHORITIES PERMrTTED GAZA LAWYER FAYEZ ABU RAHMEH 
TO TRAVEL TO THE U.S. TO ATTEND AN INTERNATIONAL 
CONFERENCE WHICH WILL BE HELD IN SAN DIEGO LATER 
THIS MONTH. AL-FAJR EDITOR HANNA SINIORA AND 
SEVERAL ISRAELI LEADERS AND JOURNALISTS ARE 
SCHEDULED TO ATTEND. A SIMILAR CONFERENCE HAD TO 
BE CANCELLED LAST YEAR BECAUSE ABU RAHMEH AND 
OTHER PALESTINIANS FRON THE OCCUPIED TERRITORIES 
WERE NOT PERMITTED TO ATTEND. 

6. AN-NAHAR REPORTED THAT MOSHE AMIRAV. A MEMBER 
OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE ISRAELI HERUT 
PARTY "CLAIMED" THAT HE MET WITH DR. SARI 
NUSSEIBEH AND FEISAL HUSSENI "IN SECRET" WHERE 
THEY DISCUSSED THE PREVAILING SITUATION IN THE 
REGION AND PEACE INITIATIVES. AMIRAV. "CLAIMED" 
THAT SARI NUSSEIBEH DOES NOT SUPPORT THE PLO AND 
MAINTAINS NO RELATIONS WITH THE ORGANIZATION. 

EDITORIALS: 

AL-QUDS SAID THAT THE ISRAELI POLICY IMPLEMENTED 
BY THE MINISTERS, CIVIL ADMINISTRATION OFFICIALS 
AND COORDINATOR OF OCCUPIED TERRITORIES AFFAIRS 

UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 



PAGE 03 JERUSA 03166 03 OF 03 190746Z 



CONTRADICTS INTERNATIONAL LAWS AND COMVCNP.ONS. 
"PERSONAL DIFFERENCES AMONG THEM ARE SUPERFICLAL 
AND TRANSIENT ONLY." 

AL-FAJR PRAISED AN-NAJAH UNIVERSITY ADMINISTATIVE 
STAFF AND THEIR "LOGICAL" PROPOSAL WHICH LED TO 
THE RESOLUTION OF THE CONFLICT BETWEEN THE ISLAMIC 
AND NATIONALIST STUDENT FACTIONS. 

AL-FAJR CALLED THE CLOSURE OF THE PLO OFFICES IN 
WASHINGTON "AMERICAN TERRORISM" AND A BREACH OF 
THE AMERICAN CONSTITUTION. IT DEMONSTRATES THE 
AMERICAN POSITION, WHICH TOTALLY CONFORMS WITH 
ISRAELI POLICY. 

ASHAAB SAID THAT AFTER THE FAILURE OF THE UN 
SECRETARY GENERAL'S MISSION. IRAN'S INTENTIONS 
HAVE BEEN REVEALED. "WILL THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL 
TAKE ANY STEPS AGAINST IRAN?" 

AN-NAHAR IS DISAPPOINTED WITH ALGERIA, WHICH 
SUPPORTS IRAN RATHER THAN IRAQ "A SISTER ARAB AND 
MOSLEM" COUNTRY. ALGERIA SHOULD HAVE "CLEANED THE 
WOUNDS OF WAR FROM THE FOREHEADS OF BOTH MOSLEM 
BRETHEREN, THE IRANIANS AND IRAQIS." 

THE POST HOPES THAT THREATS TO THE NORTHERN 
BORDERS OF ISRAEL WILL NOT INCREASE. BUT UNTIL 
SUCH TIME. "IT WILL FALL TO THE BRAVE YOUNG 
DRAFTEES AND REGULARS OF THE IDF TO BODILY FEND 
FOR THEIR COUNTRY UP THERE." 

DRAPER 



UNCLASSIFIED 



NNNN 



CONTRADICTS INTERNATIOfAL LAWS AND CO^•V£NnONS. 
"PERSONAL DIFFERENCES AMONG THEM ARE SUPERFICIAL 
AND TRANSIENT ONLY." 

AL-FAJR PRAISED AN-NAJAH UNIVERSITY ADMINISTATIVE 
STAFF AND THEIR "LOGICAL" PROPOSAL WHICH LED TO 
THE RESOLUTION OF THE CONFLICT BETWEEN THE ISLAMIC 
AND NATIONALIST STUDENT FACTIONS. 

AL-FAJR CALLED THE CLOSURE OF THE PLO OFFICES IN 
WASHINGTON "AMERICAN TERRORISM" AND A BREACH OF 
THE AMERICAN CONSTITUTION. IT DEMONSTRATES THE 
AMERICAN POSITION, WHICH TOTALLY CONFORMS WITH 
ISRAELI POLICY. 

ASHAAB SAID THAT AFTER THE FAILURE OF THE UN 
SECRETARY GENERAL'S MISSION. IRAN'S INTENTIONS 
HAVE BEEN REVEALED. "WILL THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL 
TAKE ANY STEPS AGAINST IRAN?" 

AN-NAHAR IS DISAPPOINTED WITH ALGERIA. WHICH 
SUPPORTS IRAN RATHER THAN IRAQ "A SISTER ARAB AND 
MOSLEM " COUNTRY, ALGERIA SHOULD HAVE "CLEANED THE 
WOUNDS OF WAR FROM THE FOREHEADS OF BOTH MOSLEM 
BRETHEREN, THE IRANIANS AND IRAQIS." 

THE POST HOPES THAT THREATS TO THE NORTHERN 
BORDERS OF ISRAEL WILL NOT INCREASE. BUT UNTIL 
SUCH TIME, "IT WILL FALL TO THE BRAVE YOUNG 
DRAFTEES AND REGULARS OF THE IDF TO BODILY FEND 
FOR THEIR COUNTRY UP THERE." 

DRAPER 



UNCLASSIFIED 



NNNN 



- ■ • • ■ ■ 



**♦ Current Classificati(Ji***,.tWCa.^3SlFieQ. 

*** Current Handling Restrictions *** n/a 

«<*•** OASYS DOCUMENT HEADER **♦»> 

DOC_NBR= 87JERUSA02595 

FILM= D870702-0262 

DATE= 27 AUG 87 

TYPE= TE 

FROM= JERUSALEM 

DRAFTER= n/a 

OFFICE= ACTION NEA 

T0= STATE 
WHITE HOUSE 

CHANNEL=n/a 

ORIGHAND=n/a 

ORIGPHAND=n/a 

ORIGCLASS= UNCLASSIFIED 

ORJGPCLASS=n/a 

E0= N/A 

SUBJECT= JERUSALEM AND WEST BANK PRESS SUMMARY FOR UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 
REFERENCE= n/a 
CONTROL_NBR= n/a 
ENCLOSURE= n/a 

LOCATOR= TEXT ON-LINE, ON MICROFILM 
ERRORS= N/A 

CONCEPTS= WEST BANK, HUMAN RIGHTS, PRESS SUMMARY, PROPOSAL, CRIME. CONTROL, 
BOUNDARY, ARREST. POLICY 

TAGS=KPAL,ASEC, PREUSCULOPRCPHUMJS, JO y ^ , . 

« • • . f . — ■ ' »«« > r-nrrr-* ■ 

HjOBy^ i^^>«C.Se ( ) D-i..:;;.:;^v , go C.«t.ons ^ 

' ' ^^'"^ \ TS authority to 



i ( } CLA&UIFV es ( ) S or 

a" Exemptions l( ) DOWTOCifJADE TS to ( ) S or 



;iA i-xuTTipttons 



««.»» 
UNCLASSIFIED 



PAGE 01 JERUSA 02595 01 OF 03 271428Z 
ACTION NEA-04 

INFO LOG-00 c6pY-01 ADS-00 AID-00 INR-10 EUR-00 SS-00 
SCL-01 EB-00 H-01 MSC-01 10-19 NSCE-00 NSAE-00 
SSO-00 HA-09 L-03 CTME-00 TRSE-00 PM-10 PA-02 
OMB-01 INRE-00 AGRE-00 ACDA-12 SP-02 SNP-01 C-01 
PRS-01 DS-01 DSE-00 P-02 T-^l /083 W 
045277 271512Z/47 

O 271420ZAUG87 

FM AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 9977 

WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

USIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6200 

AMEMBASSY AMMAN IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 

CIA WASHDC PRIORITY 

DIA WASHDC PRIORITY 

AMEMBASSY CAIRO 

AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS 

AMCONSUL JEDDAH 

AMEMBASSY LONDON 

AMEMBASSY MUSCAT 

AMEMBASSY RABAT 

AMEMBASSY RIYADH 

USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 

USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE 

USNMR SHAPE BE 

USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL 

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 JERUSALEM 02595 

USL^ FOR P/R. P/G, P/P, P/FW, P/FN, BXN/VOA. 
NEA^USCENTCOM/USCINCEUR FOR POLAD 

E.O. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: ASEC. PROG. PREL. SCUL. SHUM. IS. JO. KPAL 

SUBJECT: JERUSALEM AND WEST BANK PRESS SUMMARY FOR 

UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 JERUSA 02595 01 OF 03 271428Z 
THURSDAY, AUGUST 27, 1987 



SUMMARY: 



• • . - :* • » • • 



- JERUSALEMAVEST BANK NEWS; 



1. GOI INNER CABINET AUTHORIZES WATER DRILLING 
NEAR BETHLEHEM. 

2. EXPORT COMPANY FOR OCCUPIED TERRITORIES PRODUCE 
APPROVED. , 

3. AUTHORITIES ARREST FEISAL HUSSEINI IN JERUSALEM. 

4. AUTHORITIES SEAL TWO HOUSES IN HEBRON FOR 
SECURITY OFFENSES; DEMOLISH THREE HOUSES BUILT 
WITHOUT LICENSES IN JENIN DISTRICT. 

5. ARSON IN AN ARAB HOUSE IN JERUSALEM AND A 
MOLOTOV COCKTAIL ON AN ISRAELI BUS. 

7. CINEMA WARS RAGE ON. 

- EDITORIALS. 

BRIDGE CROSSINGS SHOULD BE FACILITATED; WEST BANK 
WATER SHOULDN'T GO TO ISRAEL; COALITION GOVERNMENT 
TRYING TO KILL INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE; ISRAEL 
SHOULD REASSESS ITS POLICY; OCCUPIED TERRITORIES 
CRIME MUST CEASE; GORBACHEV PROPOSALS SERVE ALL. 

- END SUMMARY. 

UNCLASSIFIED 
UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 JERUSA 02595 01 OF 03 27I428Z 
JERUSALEMAVEST BANK NEWS: 

1. ALL PAPERS EXCEPT AN-NAHAR REPORTED THAT THE 
ISRAELI INNER CABINET DECIDED TO AUTHORIZE THE 
WEST BANK CIVIL ADMINISTRATION TO CONTINUE 
NEGOTL^TING A CONTRACT FOR A MAJOR WATER DRILLING 
PROJECT AT HERODION. NEAR BETHLEHEM. OVERRULING 
OBJECTIONS FROM FOREIGN MINISTRY OFFICIALS. A 
SENIOR GOVERNMENT SOURCE PREDICTED THAT THE 
PROJECT WOULD "NEVER GET OFF THE GROUND," GIVEN 
THE TYPE OF COMPANY INVOLVED AND THE CONOmONS 
THAT WILL BE APPENDED TO THE DRILLING CONTRACT, IF 
IT IS EVER SIGNED. THE PROJECT. WHICH WOULD 
SUPPLY WATER MOSTLY TO JERUSALEM. IS STRONGLY 
SUPPORTED BY INDUST^^I^$TEli;^i!1Ej;SIJ4R'0^.".": 



:*: :!*:** : :I: ***•.*' : • •*• 

FOREIGN MrsJISTER I^RlSS.ANlipRBVt MllilSTHi SBLtMIR.* 
THE MORI AH TECHNOLOGY AND ENERGY COMPANY SET UP 
AND RUN BY NORTH AMERICAN CHRISTIAN 
FUNDAMENTALISTS. HAS ALREADY REACHED AN 
UNDERSTANDING WITH THE ISRAELI WATER COMPANY. 
MEKOROT, TO CARRY OUT THE PROJECT. PROTESTS 
AGAINST THE PROJECT HAVE ALREADY REACHED ISRAEL 
FROM WEST BANK NOTABLES, EGYPT, THE EC AND THE UN 
AND, LESS FORMALLY. FROM THE U.S. BETHLEHEM MAYOR 
FREU SAID THAT HE WAS "DISAPPOINTED" BY THE INNER 
CABINET DECISION. 

2. ALL PAPERS REPORTED THAT, ACCORDING TO AN 
AGREEMENT REACHED BETWEEN SEVERAL ISRAEU 
MINISTERS. A NEW COMPANY WILL BE SET UP TO 
COORDINATE DIRECT AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS FROM THE 
OCCUPIED TERRITORIES TO EUROPE. AGRICULTURAL 



UNCLASSIFIED 



NNNN 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 01 JERUSA 02595 02 OF 03 271430Z 

ACTION NEA-04 

INFO LOG-00 COPY-OI ADS-00 INR-10 EUR-00 SS-00 OIC-02 
EB-00 H-01 MSC-01 10-19 NSCE-00 NSAE-00 SSO-00 
HA-09 L-03 CTME-00 TRSE-00 PM-10 PA-02 OMB-01 
INRE-00 AGRE-00 ACDA-12 SP-02 SNP-01 C-OI PRS-01 
DS-01 DSE-00 SCT-02 P-02 T-01 /086W 
045341 271512Z/41 38 

0 271420Z AUG 87 

FM AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 9978 

WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

USIA WASHDC IMMEDIjtff: 6^)5 .• ; I '» "i **.": .'I 

• • • • IS • **' • « • • 



AMEMBASSY AMMAT^^fMivtf BL^fFE : : : ; I :„ t." 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 
CIA WASHDC PRIORITY 
DIA WASHDC PRIORITY . 
AMEMBASSY CAIRO 
AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS 
AMCONSUL JEDDAH 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY MUSCAT 
AMEMBASSY RABAT 
AMEMBASSY RIYADH 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
USCINCEUR VAMNGEN GE 
USNMR SHAPE BE 
USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL 

UNCLAS SECTION 02 OF 03 JERUSALEM 02595 

USIA FOR P/R. P/G. P/P, P/FW. P/FN. BXN/VOA. 
NEA.USCENTCOMAJSCINCEUR FOR POLAD 

E.O. 12356: N/A 

TAGS ASEC. PROG. PREL. SCUL. SHUM. IS. JO. KPAL 
SUBJECT; JERUSALEM AND WEST BANK PRESS SUMMARY FOR 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 JERUSA 02595 02 OF 03 27I430Z 



GOODS FROM THE WEST BANK AND GAZA CURRENTLY HAVE 
TO BE EXPORTED THROUGH THE ISRAELI AGREXCO COMPANY 
AND CITRUS MARKETING BOARD. PALESTINIANS SAID THE 
ARRANGEMENT IMPOSES QUOTAS ON THEM TO PREVENT 
COMPETITION WITH ISRAELI GOODS UNDER THE NEW 
ARRANGEMENT, THE COMPANY HANDLING EXPORTS FROM THE 
OCCUPIED TERRITORIES WOULD BE SUBJECT TO ISRAELI 
QUALITY CONTROL. 

3 ALL PAPERS REPORTED THAT SECURITY FORCES 
ARRESTED "PALESTINIAN ACTIVIST" FEISAL HUSSEINI 
AND DETAINED HIM FOR 48 HOURS POLICE REFUSED TO 
COMMENT ON THE REASON FOR HIS ARREST AND 
HUSSEINI'S WIFE SAID THAT HE HAD BEEN DENIED A 
VISIT BY HIS LAWYER. THE POST ADDED THAT SECURITY 
FORCES CONSIDER HUSSEINI TO BE A LEADING PLC 
ORGANIZER. WHO HELD A PRESS CONFERENCE AND JOINED 
A DEMONSTRATION CONDEMNING ISRAELI POLICIES 
TOWARDS PALESTINIA>i§ 59LLOWING HIS RELEASE IN JULY 
FROM THREE MONTHS tVDMB^rSTjfAfTF^&MTBNTODW. 



• •' •••• 

4. ALL PAPERS REPORTED THAT ISRAELI AUTfl6RI'ft^§' " 
SEALED THE HOMES OF TWO PALESTflSdANS FROM HEBRON 
WHO HAVE BEEN CHARGED WITH STABBING AN ELDERLY JEW 
NEAR JERUSALEM'S OLD CITY IN DECEMBER 1986. THE 
VICTIM, WHO WAS WEARING A HEAVY COAT. ESCAPED 
SERIOUS INJURY. THE TWO ACCUSED, NAFEZ QASEM 
ABEIDO. AND IHAB OTHMAN ATA ABEIDO. BOTH 18 YEARS 
OLD, HAD LODGED UNSUCCESSFUL APPEALS TO THE HIGH 
COURT AGAINST THE SEALINGS AL-QUDS AND AL-FAJR 
REPORTED THAT ISRAELI AUTHORITIES DEMOLISHED THE 
HOUSE OF MAHMOUD KHALIL KHDEIR IN ARRANA VILLAGE. 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 JERUSA 02595 02 OF 03 271430Z 

JENIN DISTRICT. AND TWO HOUSES BELONGING TO 
ABDALLAH ABDUS-SALAM AND I2ZAT ABDUS-SALAM IN AL 
YAMOUN VILLAGE. ALSO IN JENIN DISTRICT. ON CLAIMS 
THAT THE HOUSES WERE BUILT WITHOUT LICENSES. 

5. ALL ARABIC PAPERS REPORTED THAT UNIDENTIHED 
PERSONS SPRAYED A "HIGHLY INFLAMABLE" LIQUID AND 
SET FIRE TO THE HOME OF SALEH MOHAMMED AL-YAMANI'S 
WIDOW. ON AQABAT KHALDIEH STREET IN THE MOSLEM 
QUARTER OF JERUSALEM'S OLD CITY ONE OF THE 
ROOMS. SITUATED ADJACENT TO THE SHUVU BANIM 
YESHIVA. WAS COMPLETELY BURNED. POLICE ARE 
INVESTIGATING THE INCIDENT. ANOTHER INCIDENT WAS 
REPORTED BY ALL PAPERS: A MOLOTOV COCKTAIL WAS 
THROWN AT AN ISRAELI BUS TRAVELLING ON THE MAIN 
ROAD SOUTH OF BETHLEHEM. NEAR SOLOMON'S POOLS 
THE BOTTLE BROKE ON THE SIDE OF THE BUS BUT DID 
NOT IGNINTE. THERE WERE NO CASUALTIES AND NO 
DAMAGE WAS DONE. 

7. THE POST AND AL-FAJR REPORTED THAT MK YOSSI 
SARID CALLED ON THE ISRAELI RELIGIOUS AFFAIRS 
MINISTER AND THE ATTORNEY GENERAL TO PREVENT 
FORMER CHIEF RABBI OVADIA YOSEF FROM ADVISING THE 
SHAS PARTY ON WHETHER IT SHOULD WITHDRAW FROM THE 
JERUSALEM MUNICIPALITY COALITION BECAUSE OF MAYOR 
ROLLER'S SUPPORT FOR SABBATH FILM SHOWINGS IN 
JERUSALEM YOSEF. WHO HEADS THE SHAS COUNCIL OF 
TORA SAGES, IS A DAY AN, OR RELIGIOUS-COURT JUDGE, 
AND AS SUCH IS BARRED FROM POLITICAL INVOLVEMENT, 
SARID SAID. JERUSALEM MAYOR KOLLEK IS IN FAVOR OF 
SABBATH MOVIES AT PRIVATE CLUBS. WHERE NO TICKETS 
ARE SOLD. IS OPPOSED.TO OI5^5MHleI^fe CINEMAS REHilfi .. 



• •••• ; 

OPEN ON THE SABBAT. aJF^UaMIsTlSTEHSAfjlJbl^f^I^.f 



UNCLASSIFIED 



NNNN 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 01 JERUSA 02595 03 OF 03 271433Z 
ACTION NEA-04 

INFO LOG-GO COPY-01 ADS-00 AlD-00 INR-10 EUR-00 SS-00 
EB-00 H-Ol MSC-OI 10-19 NSCE-00 NSAE-GO SSO-00 
HA-09 L-03 CTME-00 TRSE-00 PM-10 PA-02 OMB-OI 
INRE-00 AGRE-OO ACDA-12 SP-02 SNP-01 C-01 PRS-01 
DS-Ol DSE-OO SCT-02 P-02 T-Ol /084W 
045503 271512Z/41 38 

O271420ZAUG87 ZDK 

FM AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDL\TE 9979 

WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

USIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6202 

AMEMBASSY AMMAN IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 

CIA WASHDC PRIORITY 

DIA WASHDC PRIORITY 

AMEMBASSY CAIRO 

AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS 

AMCONSUL JEDDAH 

AMEMBASSY LONDON 

AMEMBASSY MUSCAT 

AMEMBASSY RABAT 

AMEMBASSY RIYADH 

USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 

USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE 

USNMR SHAPE BE 

USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL 



UNCLAS SECTION 03 OF 03 JERUSALEM 02595 



•••• • •»» , J 0 , J" 

usiA FOR p/R. p/G, p/pW/akhuri,£Kii/vh^' : ;* • K. 

NEA,USCENTCOM/USCINCEUR FOR POLAD 

E.O. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: ASEC. PROG. PREL, SCUL, SHUM. IS. JO. KPAL 
SUBJECT: JERUSALEM AND WEST BANK PRESS SUMMARY FOR 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 JERUSA 02595 03 OF 03 2714332 



THEIR SUPPORT FOR THE STATUS QUO AND CALLED FOR 
STEPS TO TONE DOWN TENSIONS BETWEEN SECULAR AND 
ULTRA-ORTHODOX RESIDENTS. 

EDITORIALS: 

AL-QUDS DECRIED THE PERENNIAL SUFFERING OF SUMMER 
VISITORS WHO CROSS THE BIDGES TO AND FROM JORDAN 
EVERY YEAR. AUTHORITIES SHOULD REEVALUATE 
PROCEDURES FOLLOWED IN THE PAST AND FACILITATE 
BRIDGE CROSSINGS. 

ASHAAB REJECTS THE ISRAELI PLAN TO PUMP WEST BANK 
WATER TO ISRAEL BECAUSE IT COULD CAUSE SERIOUS 
DAMAGE TO THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR OF THE OCCUPIED 
TERRITORIIES AND WOULD NOT ADDRESS THE WATER NEEDS 
OF PALESTINLWS. INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS 
SHOULD EXERT ALL EFFORTS TO STOP THE PROJECT " 

AN-NAHAR SAID THAT.ISRAELl CALLS TO GRANT 
RESIDENTS OF THE OCCUPIED TERRITORIES A ROLE IN 
ADMINISTERING THEIR OWN AFFAIRS ARE IRONIC SINCE 
ISRELI AUTHORITIES RULE WITHOUT CONSULTING THE 
RESIDENTS AND THE MEASURES THEY ADOPT ARE USUALLY 
CONTRARY TO THE DESIRES OF THE CITIZENS. 

THE POST REMARKED THAT ISRAELIS CONSIDER BOTH IRAQ 
AND IRAN MORTAL ENEMIES THE LONGER THEY BLEED 
ONE ANOTHER ALONG THEIR COMMON BORDER AND IN THE 
GULF, THE BETTER. ISRAELIS WOULD TEND TO EXPRESS 
A PREFERENCE FOR IRAN. BUT "IRAQ'S ENMITY CAN NO 
LONGER BE TAKEN FOR GRANTED AS NO LESSER THAN 
SYTUA'S AND AS FAR WORSE THAN IRAN'S. THE TIME 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 



PAGE 03 JERUSA 02595 03 OF 03 27I433Z 



HAS COME FOR A REA-sSEfeSiUEl^^ ISRAfiCl POLICV^;. 



AL-FAJR REMARKED THAT INCIDENTS LIKE THE RECENT 
STREET FIGHT IN NABLUS. WHERE ONE PALESTINIAN WAS 
KILLED AND SEVERAL OTHERS SERIOUSLY INJURED. ARE 
SPREADING IN THE OCCUPIED TERRITORIES AND CAUSE 
DEEP SORROW TO ALL THE CITIZENS. LOCAL 
INSTITUTIONS AND UNIVERSITIES SHOULD TRY TO 
ERADICATE THIS PHENOMENON. 

ATTALIA WEEKLY SAID THAT THE PROPOSAL PUT FORWARD 
BY GORBACHEV AT THE DISARMAMENT AND DEVELOPMENT 
CONFERENCE PROVIDES A GREAT OPPORTUNITY FOR ALL 
THE PEOPLE OF THE WORLD. PARTICULARLY THE 
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. TO REMOVE ALL TRACES OF 
UNDERDEVELOPMENT WHICH THEY INHERITED FROM 
COLONL\LIST DAYS. 



DRAPER 



UNCLASSIFIED 



NNNN 



*** Current Handling Restrictions *** n/a 

Current Classification UNCLASSIFIED 



• •» • 



y3 



"* CurreritClassificatSoTT*"' fir^OtAeSlPlED : 
*" Current Handling Restrictions *" n/a 

«<"" OASYS DOCUi^ENT HEADER "*>» 

DOC_NBR= 87JERUSA02532 

FILIV1=D870681-0677 

DATE= 21 AUG 87 

TYPE=TE 

FRp!\/1= JERUSALEM 

DRAFTER= n/a 

0FFICE= ACTION NEA 

T0= STATE 
WHITE HOUSE 

CHANNELS n/a 

ORIGHANDs n/a 

ORIQPHAND=n/a 

ORIGCUSS= UNCLASSIFIED 

ORIGPCUSS= n/a 

EO=N/A 

SUBJECTS JERUSALEM AND WEST BANK PRESS SUMMARY FOR THURSDAY AUGUST 20, 1£ 
UNCLASSIFIED 

REFERENCE= n/a 

CONTROL_NBR= n/a 

ENCLOSURES n/a 

LOCAT0R= TEXT ON-LINE. ON MICROFILM 
ERRORS= N/A 

CONCEPTSs PRESS SUMMARY, BOMBtNG, POLICE FORCE, FOREIGN RELATIONS. WEST BP 

JO ... . .-Iy^<j^-_Z!JJ^ 



TAGS= KPAL, PGQV»;jHUIW. ASEC, PREL, SCUL, IS, J( 

93013 



t 

-Cii £./err.ptions ^ 



««.»» *• ••«»••• 

UNCLASSfFiED 

PAGE 01 JERUSA 02532 01 OF 02 211425Z 
ACTION NEA-04 

INFO LOG-GO COPY-01 ADS-00 INR-10 SS-00 NSAE-00 SSO-00 
HA-09 PA-02 INRE-00 SP-02 PRS-01 DS-01 DSE-00 
SCT-02 /032W 

106115 2114402/41 38 

0 211418ZAUG87 

FM AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC tMMEDIATE 9926 

WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

USIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6180 

AMEMBASSY AMMAN IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 

CIA WASHDC PRIORITY 

DIA WASHDC PRIORITY 

AMEMBASSY CAIRO 

AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS 

AMCONSUL JEDDAH 

AMEMBASSY LONDON 

AMEMBASSY MUSCAT 

AMEMBASSY RABAT 

AMEMBASSY RIYADH 

USMISStON USUN NEW YORK 

USCINCEUR VAIHINGENGE 

USNMR SHAPE BE 

USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL 



UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 JERUSALEM 02532 



USIA FOR P/R, P/G, P/P. P/FW, P/FN, BXN/VOA, 
NEA,USCENTCOM/USCINCEUR FOR POLAD 

E.O. 12356-. N/A 

TAGS: ASEC, PROG. PREL, SCUL, SHUM. IS, JO, KPAL 
SUBJECT: JERUSALEM AND WEST BANK PRESS SUMMARY FOR 
THURSDAY AUGUST 20. 1987 



UNCLASSIFIED 



UNCUSSIFIED 



PAGE 02 JERUSA 02532 01 OF 02 211425Z 



SUMMARY: 



-- JERUSALEM/W£aT.eANK.^EW.S: 

II .: : : 'I •*' *" **.•*: .•; 

1. PETROL BOMBTMRow^f/f^•p&krcfiiMA^^ lul&hk: 



2. SIX VILLAGE LEAGUERS HELD IN WEST BANK SHOOTING. 



3. CURFEW IMPOSED ON VILUGE NEAR TULKAREM. . 

4. JEWISH VIGILANTES ASK RABIN TO FACILITATE THEIR 
ACTIVITIES. 

5. KACH MOVES GIRLS TRAINING CAMP TO KIRYAT ARBA. 

6. FOUR AN-NAJAH STUDENTS CHARGED IN ZAFER 
AL-MASRI MURDER CASE. 

-EDITORIALS: 

FREIJ NO PLO/SHAMIR MIDDLEMAN; SHAMIR BLOCKS ALL 
ROADS TO PEACE; NEW JORDANIAN MEASURES WILL POSE 
HARDSHIPS FOR STUDENTS; DON'T BE OVER-OPTIMISTIC 
ABOUT SOVIET TIES; GAZA CURFEW COLLECTIVE 
PUNISHMENT; GULF WAR MUST END. 

-- END SUMMARY. 

JERUSLEM/WEST BANK NEWS: 

1. ALL ARABIC PAPERS QUOTED A RADIO ISRAEL REPORT 
THAT A FIREBOMB WAS THROWN AT A LOCAL POLICEMAN IN 
THE NORTHERN WEST BANK TOWN OF JENIN. THE BOMB 
UNCUSSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 JERUSA 02532 01 OF 02 211425Z 
IGNITED BUT CAUSED NO INJURIES OR DAMAGE. 

2. THE POST AND AL-QUDS REPORTED THAT SIX AIDES OF 
JAMIL AL-AMLEH, HEAD OF THE HEBRON AREA VILLAGE 
LEAGUES AND HEAD OF THE BEIT ULLAH VILLAGE 
COUNCIL, HAVE BEEN QUESTIONED BY POLICE IN 
CONNECTION WITH THE SHOOTING THIS WEEK OF TWO MEN 
IN THE VILLAGE OF BEIT ULLAH, NEAR HEBRON. THE 
INCIDENT, WHICH OCCURED AUGUST 18, APPEARS TO HAVE 
BEEN SPARKED BY A DISPUTE BETWEEN AL-AMLEH'S 
SUPPORTERS AND A LARGE GROUP OF VILLAGERS. THE 
VILLAGERS SAY AL-AMLEH'S MEN APPROPRIATED TRACTS 
OF THEIR LAND AND SOLD THEM AGAINST THEIR WILL. 

3. ASHAAB REPORTED THAT ISRAELI AUTHORITIES 
IMPOSED A CURFJSW.YEST^F^DAY ON THE VILLAGE OF RAS 
ATTIYEH, NEAR tL|-K4P(EM:/!CNQ* AffR£|TEOVtJ:Afiefe 
NUMBER OF MEN-OPf StfSHdIOIkf OF FJRE-$QMK3"rtffOWINQ. 



4. AL-QUDS AND ASHAAB REPORTED THAT THE "COMMlTEE 
FOR KEEPING WEST BANK ROADS SAFE", WHICH "KAHANE 
PEOPLE" RUN, HAS REQUESTED THAT DEFENSE MINISTER 
RABIN REMOVE THE WIRE-FENCE FROM AROUND THE 
DEHEISHEH REFUGEE CAMP TO ENABLE THEM TO CHASE 
STONE-THROWERS INSIDE THE CAMP. COMMITTEE MEMBERS 
ADDED THAT IF THE IDF TROOPS ARE UNABLE TO RESORE 
ORDER IN DEHEISHEH, THEY WOULD TAKE EVERY MEASURE 
NEEDED TO SECURE THE ROADS IN THE WEST BANK. 



UNCLASSIFIED 



NNNN 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 01 JERUSA 02532 02OF02 211426Z 
ACTION NEA-04 

INFO LOG-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 INR-IO SS-00 NSAE-00 SSO-00 
HA-09 PA-02 INRE-00 SP-02 PRS-01 DS-01 DSE-00 
SCT-02 /032W 

106125 21U42Z/41 

0 211418Z AUG 87 

FM AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 9927 

WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

USIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6181 

AMEMBASSY AMMAN IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 

CIA WASHDC PRIORITY 

DIA WASHDC PRiOBlTY. , . 

AMEMBASSY c4i[50': • .: : •!*•.*' •.: "* .•: 

AMEMBASSY DAMASCtf 9" • "*..' : ..•*..*; 'A 



AMCONSULJ^DAH'.. K. Vl .1*.'.* : V • Y,. :,• 

AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY MUSCAT 
AMEMBASSY RABAT 
AMEMBASSY RIYADH 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE 
USNMR SHAPE BE / 
USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL 

UNCLAS SECTION 02 OF 02 JERUSALEM 02532 

USIA FOR P/R, P/G, PfP, P/FW. P/FN, BXN/VOA, 
NEA,USCENTCOM/USCINCEUR FOR POLAD 

E.O. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: ASEC, PROG, PREL, SCUL, SHUM. IS, JO, KPAL 
SUBJECT: JERUSALEM AND WEST BANK PRESS SUMMARY FOR 

5. ASHAAB QUOTED A REPORT IN THE DAVAR HEBREW 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 JERUSA 02532 02 OF 02 211426Z 

DAILY THAT THE KACH MOVEMENTS WOMEN'S TRAINING 
CAMP, WHICH UP TILL NOW HAD BEEN HELD IN THE WEST 
BANK SETTLEMENT OF OFRA, NEAR RAMALLAH, HAS BEEN 
MOVED TO THE SETTLEMENT OF KIRYAT ARBA. OUTSIDE 
HEBRON. 

6. ALL PAPERS REPORTED THAT FOUR PALESTINIANS WERE 
CHARGED YESTERDAY WITH MEMBERSHIP IN THE TERRORIST 
CELL RESPONSIBLE FOR THE MURDER OF NABLUS MAYOR 
ZAFER AL-MASRI. TWO WOMEN FROM NABLUS AND TWO 
MALE AN-NAJAH UNIVERSITY STUDENTS FROM GAZA.WERE 
CHARGED AITH POSSESSING ARMS AND BELONGING TO THE 
PFLP. IN ADDITION TO THE AL-MASRI KILLING, THE 

GROUP IS ALSO HELD RESPONSIBLE FOR THE JANUARY 
1986 SLAYING OF BORDER POLICEMAN JAMIL FARES, AND 
THE MURDER OF ISRAELI CIVILIAN ALBERT BUKHRIS IN 
JUNE 1985. TWO PALESTINIANS WERE EARLIER CHARGED 
WITH CARRYING OUT AL-MASRI'S ASSASSINATION. 

EDITORIALS: 

ATTALIAH SAID THAT SHAMIR'S REJECTION OF THE 
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE FOILED THE ILLUSIONS IN 
SOME ARAB CIRQ1,^§ WHICH SOUGHT TO LINK ARAB VISITS 
TO THE ROMANIA WIWisiiifjllR^VISST; 'TMEY'APE'a* 
MISTAKEN, ALL t^fc)e6 «VHO 8ELlEVe3VlAt g^ffLEHEM 



**** • 

MAYOR FREIJ CAMfitA MJDOtQWsft^ &.¥WS4fif4jfe PLO AND 
SHAMIR." 

ASHAAB BELIEVES THE COMMUNIQUE ISSUED AT THE END 
OF SHAMIR'S VISIT TO ROMANIA SHOWS ARAB UNITY IS 
IDISPENSABLE. SHAMIR'S STATEMENT SHOWS HE WANTS 
TO CLOSE ALL DOORS TO THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE. 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 JERUSA 02532 02 OF 02 2114262 



AL-FAJR CRITICIZES THE NEW REGULATIONS BY THE 
JORDANIAN COUNCIL FOR HIGHER EDUCATION, ACCORDING 
TO WHICH HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES WILL HAVE TO 
RECEIVE CERTIFICATION OF THEIR TAWJIHI TRANSCRIPTS 
FROM JORDANIAN UNIVERSITIES PRIOR TO APPLYING TO 
OTHER UNIVERSITIES. "A STUDENT RETURNING FROM 
ABROAD WITH A UNIVERSITY DEGREE MAY FIND THAT HIS 
DEGREE IS NOT RECOGNIZED IN JORDAN." THE PAPER 
DOUBTS THIS MEASURE WILL BENEFIT STUDENTS. 

AN-NAHAR DECRIED THE CURFEW ON THE JABALYA REFUGEE 
CAMP IN GAZA. "MORE THAT 50,000 PERSONS ARE 
LIVING WITHOUT FOOD OR MEDICAL AID; THE COLLECTIVE 
PUNISHMENT IMPOSED ON OUR PEOPLE GOES BEYOND 
IMAGINATION." 

THE POST WARNS AGAINST EXAGGERATED OPTIMISM 
CONCERNING THE POSSIBILITY OF RENEWING REUTIONS 
WITH THE SOVIET UNION, SUCH RELATIONS MAY BE 
HINDERED BY ISRAEL'S CONDITIONS FOR SOVIET 
PARTICIPATION IN ANY CONFERENCE ON THE 
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT. 

AL- QUDS EXPRESSED HOPE THAT THE IRAN-IRAQ WAR 

WILL COME TO AN END SOON. 

CUBBISON 



UNCLASSIFIED '/ 



BRIEFING MEMORANDUM 
S/S 




IKiSE 



The Secretary 

lib 

EOR - Richard Burt|^ 

Your Geneva Meeting with Swiss Foseign Minister 
Aubert: Sunday, January 6, 1985, 4:30 - 5:00 P.M. 

I. OBJECTIVES 

1. Express your gratitude for Swiss facilitation of your 
meeting with Foreign Minister Gromyko and encourage 
Switzerland's continued opening to international 
involvement. 

2. Brief Aubert on current thinking on East-Nest relations and 
your approach to your talks with Gromyko. 

3. Explain to Aubert the U.S. position on conflicts of 
jurisdiction. 

4. Stress continued n.S. concern about control of strategic 
technology exports to the Warsaw Pact. 

5. Reassure Aubert that we are giving expeditious consideration 
to Switzerland's Plutonium re-transfer application. 

II. SETTING 

While your meeting with Aubert is partly a courtesy call to 
express U.S. appreciation to Switzerland for providing a venue 
for your talks with Foreign Minister Gromyko,, the importance of 
our relationship with Switzerland gives it substantive content 
as well. Such meetings are traditional; Secretary Haig met 
with Aubert on the occasion of his 1982 talks with Foreign 
Minister Gromyko, and Vice President Bush met with him during 
an iNF-related trip to Europe in early 1983. The meeting will « 
be a status builder for Switzerland and Aubert and an 
inducement to the Swiss to use their neutral credentials to 
advance Western causes. Aubert will use it to propose Geneva 
as a site for arms control "umbrella" talks. 

While our relationship with the Swiss is basically 
excellent, there are several areas of friction that result from 
our different legal and polit ical tra ditions. During the first 

_ ..^^ ^JjEPARTMENT OF STAT^ ^JJ^ iS/FPC) CPR ^,4^^*^ Oate. Vf^, ) 



Vrj RELEASE (HlJBe5?2IPOADR..9a«es Onty: Q "? "5 ni(<J 
{j^E>:CIS£ ( ) CcC_'«-. Sir Y I E0^>(ations I O 77 i 



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... pFO!/f Hxsmp!ion»^_H^4Lj ( ) CLASSIFY u ( ) S or | ] C 0/.D« 




six months of 1985, we will have consultations with the GOS on 
civil aviation, extradition, and legal assistance. We have 
basic differences on all of these issues and there is the 
strong possibility that we will be unable to reach agreement on 
any of tfiem. While it is unlikely that Aubert will raise any 
of these questions, Swiss umbrage at what they feel is the 
heavy-handed way we have dealt with these topics in the past 
will color his approach to other bilateral issues. 

Over the past few years, Switzerland has begun to venture 
forth from its neutral cocoon and participate actively in world 
affairs. Although the Swiss remain observers at the United 
Nations, a national referendum (which will probably result in a 
decision to remain outside the UN) is slated for 1986. The 
Swiss played a. helpful role at the CSCEin Madrid and are again 
demonstrating their interest in keeping the NNA group 
consistent with Western positions in the CDE. They have 
supported out efforts to limit budget growth and politicization 
in the UN specialized agencies, but will remain members of 
UNESCO and attempt to reform the organization from within. 

Switzerland has proven most helpful to the U.S. in 
representing us in Cuba and Iran, most recently during the 
Kuwaiti Airline hijacking. Your meeting with Aubert will be a 
good opportunity to thank the GOS for its excellent work during 
this unfortunate incident. 



III. PARTICIPANTS 



U.S. ■ 

The Secretary 
Assistant Secretary 

Richard Burt 
Air.cassador John Davis 

Lodge 

FraoK Tumminia, Embassy Bern 

(notetaker ) 
( ir.te rpr eter ) 



Switzerland 

Foreign Minister Pierre 
Aubert 

MFA State Secretary Edouard 
Brunner 

Anton Hegner, Swiss Ambassador 

in Geneva 
Philippe Jacquard, interpreter 



Attachment : 

Biographic inforntation 

Drafted :EUR/CE :CTJohnson.', 
i:/13/S4;632-2005;0110B " 



Cleared :EUR:TMTNiles ^ 
EUR/CE :ARThompson | 
L/LEI:ASurena I p 
OES/NEP!JDeThomas t N 
EUR/SOV:JTef ft \ 
EB/EWT:MDrucker \ 



S/NP:SThompson ) 




iiissiFe 



DISCUSSION OF OBJECTIVES 

1. Express your gratitude tor Swiss facilitation of your 
meeting with Foreign Minister Gcomyko and encourage 
Switzerland's continued opening to international involvement. 

. One of the primary purposes of your meeting with Aubert is 
to express U.S. appreciation for Switzerland's traditional 
hospitality for U.S. -Soviet meetings in Geneva, Swiss support 
for Western positions -in international fora, and Swiss 
assistance as our protecting power in Iran and Cuba. Swiss 
officials appreciate the enhanced international stature that 
Geneva provides. It is in our interest to use their desire to 
play the cole of facilitator to encourage the Swiss to play a 
more active cole on the world's stage. Their positions on 
international political questions are almost invariably 
supportive of ours. Occasionally they are more conservative: 
one concern Aubert may raise is that the U.S. and NATO have 

C^J been too flexible on procedural questions at the Stockholm CDE 

session and are running the risk of breaking the link between 
security and human rights issues in CSCE. If he raises this 
point, you should reassure Aubert that our positions are 
essentially identical and that Ambassador Goodby is interested 

_ in visiting Bern. Although their neutrality prevents them from 

ever becoming an ally in the formal sense, our interests and 

3 positions will coincide on most North-South and East-West 

issues. 

OS — I appreciate your government's traditional willingness to 

host talks between the United States and the Soviets. You can 

O be proud, of your country's role as a facilitator of 

international understanding. 

O 

— I also want to thank you for your invaluable assistance 
during the recent tragic events in Tehran. Ambassador Salvi 
'ss and his staff spaced no effort to protect U.S.. interests. 

— Your government' s constructive role in Madrid and our 
close consultations in Stockholm demonstrate that our ' differ ent 
international coles do not hinder us from working together to 
advance our common interests. 

—I would like to encourage your continued active 
involvement and support in forthcoming CSCE meetings. We value 
the working relationships we have built up in these meetings 
and wish to enhance them. 

--.We are working well together on CDE. I hope Ambassador 
Goodby can visit Bern before the next session. 




3^ 

o 




3 . Stress continued U.S. concern about control of strategic 
technology exports to the Warsaw Pact. 

An inter-agency delegation met June 25 and 25 in Bern to 
discuss mutual concerns about the control and diversion of 
strategic technology. ■ Our primary motivation fo? holding these 
talks was to press the Swiss to exercise stricter controls over 
transit shipments and indigenous technology.^ 
secret gentlemen's agceement with Switzerlanr 



The inter-agency trade control group met again with the 
Swiss on December 12 to discuss Swiss willingness to meet our 

■vj concerns on technology transfer. The results of those 

discussions were mixed. The Swiss have agreed to introduce 
•>» legislation to control their transit zones; however, it will 

not become effective until at least August. Their response to 

~* ouc requests for controls on indigenous technology was 

ambiguous. They agreed to pursue an informal control mechanism 
which would have no penalties for violation, if — and only if 

— — Swiss machine tool manufacturers are not affected by our 

pending Section 232 machine tool import restriction case. 

^ --Cur inter-agency team was somewhat disappointed with the 

outcome of our December talits in Bern. ' Control of high 

O technology exports to the Soviet Union is something which we 

believe is in Swiss as well as U.S. security interests. 

V 

^ — Me believe it is in all of our interests not to offset 

the considerable expense we devote to weapons by providing the 
Warsaw Pact with equipment and technology applicable to 
military uses. I fail to see how Switzerland benefits from 
sales of high technology equipment to the Soviet Union. 

--We look forward to a ccr.tinued dialogue on this 
question. We hope that we can work together and solve our 
outstanding problems so our industries can continue to trade ' 
without undue restriction. 



n 



4 . Reassure Autert chat we are giving expeditious 
cons icer at ;on to Switzerland's plutonium re-transter 
aos L icat ion. 



The COS has become increasingly impatient with delays in 
oDtaining peraissnon for the recransfer from France to 
Switzerland or 200 Kg ot plutonium, which is subject to U.S. 
consent rights, for use by Swiss utilities. These delays will 
soon result in relatively large extra costs for the Swiss 
utilities involved. ' 



o 



--We understand your position on the urgency of obtaining 
U.S. approval for the retransfer of the plutonium from France, 
ne are addressing the issue on an expedited basis at the 
hignest levels of the Executive Branch. We will provide you 
witr. .Tiore information on t.'-.e USG's approach to the retransfer 
witr.m the next two weeks. 



8-1 




««.»» 



PAGE 01 MEXICO 07684 2921 15Z 



61 

ACTION NODS-GO 



INFO OCT-01 ISO-00 /OOl W 

018408 

O 2920002 AUG 75 

FM AMEMBASSY MEXICO 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 9672 




■XICO 7684 



NODis OEOAPTIOMEO 

E.O. 11652: GDS 

TAGS: PFOR, MX. XF, UN 

SUBJECT: ECHEVERRIA PROPOSALS RE MIDDLE EAST 



FOR SECRETARY KISSINGER FROM AMBASSADOR 



1 . ECHEVERRIA ASKED ME TO CALL ON HIM LAST NIGHT TO HEAR HIS 
VERSION OF HIS RECENT THIRD WORLD TRIP, DETAILS OF WHICH ARE 
BEING REPORTED SEPARATELY. DURING CONVERSATION HE ASKED ME 
SPECIFICALLY TO RAISE WITH YOU FOLLOWING PROPOSAL REGARDING 
PALESTINE SITUATION. WHICH HE SAID WOULD BE MAIN SUBJECT OF 
RABASA'S PROPOSED VISIT WITH YOU. 



(A) ECHEVERIUA IS FOLLOWING CLOSELY YOUR EFFORTS TO 
ESTABLISH PEACE IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND WISHES YOU ALL 
POSSIBLE SUCCESS 



(B) HE HIMSELF WAS ANGUISHED BY SITUATION AND TENSIONS THAT 
HE ENCOUNTERED IN AREA. HE DID EVERYTHING WHILE IN ARAB 
COUNTRIES TO PREACH AGAINST EXPULSION OF ISRAEL FROM UN AND 
WHILE IN ISRAEL TO ADVOCATE A NATIONAL HOME FOR PALESTINIAN 
PEOPLE. 



(C) EXCEPT FOR BOUMEDIENNE. WHOM HE FOUND VERY CLOSE- 
MINDED. HE FOUND OTHER LEADERS RELATIVELY RESPONSIVE. 
ARAFAT WAS AN EMOTIONAL MYSTIC BLn IN HIS OPINION BASICALLY 
A GOOD BUT SOMEWHAT SHALLOW MAN. EXCEPT FOR THE FACT THAT 
HE_S££MmJiiJiE VERY MUCH UNDER INFLUENCE OF THE SOVIETS. 




PAGE 02 MEXICO 07684 29211 5Z 5^ (^(fi 




r:>j 



f — 7-: authority 



SHOULD YOUR PRESENT MISSION SUCCEED. AS HE SINCERELY HOPES. 
WE MUST STILL WORRY LEST SYRIA AND OTHER ARAB STATES TURN 
AGAINST EGYPT AND THIS MIGHT REQUIRE SOME OTHER TYPE OF 
CONTINUING ATTENTION. SIMILARLY. SHOULD YOUR MISSION NOT 
PROSPER FULLY. HE HOPES THAT YOU COULD CONTINUE TO WORK 
WITH DISCRETION UNDER SOME SORT OF INTERNATIONAL SCREEN 
WHICH HE PROPOSED AS FOLLOWS: 

(1) ECHEVERRIA ON HIS FORTHCOMING VISIT TO UNGA (AND PRESUMABLY 
AFTER CONVERSATIONS WITH OTHER INTERESTED PARTIES) 

WOULD PROPOSE THAT UN INVITE THREE CHIEFS OF STATE TO FORM A 
CONCILIATION COMMITTEE TO WORK FOR MIDDLE EAST PEACE, BOTH 
ON THE SPOT IN EGYPT. ISRAEL AND FROM UN HEADQUARTERS. 
HE WOULD PROPOSE THAT SUCH A COMMITTEE BE COMPOSED OF THE 
SHAH OF IRAN ("A MOSLEM WHO HAS GOOD RELATIONS WITH THE 
ARABS AND AT THE SAME TIME IS A GOOD FRIEND OF ISRAEL'S, HAVING 
CONTINUED TO SELL THEM OIL"). THE PRESIDENT OF MEXICO 
HIMSELF ("UNIQUELY QUALIFIED BY VIRTUE OF HIS UNPRECEDENTED 
TRIP THROUGH THE AREA"), AND A EUROPEAN LEADER SUCH AS THE PRIME 

MINISTER OF SWEDEN. THE PRESIDENT OF FINLAND OR THE PRESIDENZ 
OF THE SWISS CONFEDERATION. 

(2) SUCH A CONCILIATION COMMITTEE WOULD BE MORE THAN MERELY A 
SCREENAS IT WOULD SERVE A USEFUL PURPOSE IN ITSELF. IT WOULD 
ALSO PROVIDE A COVER FOR YOUR OWN CONTINUED ACTIVITIES, 
SHOULD YOUR PRESENT MISSION REGRETTABLY NOT REACH A FINAL 
SOLUTION. EVEN IF YOU SHOULD SUCCEED, THE PROPOSED CHIEFS OF 
STATE COMMITTEE WOULD SERVE TO KEEP OTHER ARAB STATES FROM 
NIBBLING AWAY AT THE EGYPTIAN AGREEMENT. MOST IMPORTANT 

OF ALL, BY PLACING THIS MATTER IN A UN CONTEXT (WHILE AT THE 
SAME TIME LINKING IT IN SUCH A WAY AS TO KEEP IT OUT OF THE BROUHAHA 
OF GENERAL ASSEMBLY POLITICS) IT WOULD STRENGTHEN THE UN 
SYSTEM AS A WHOLE AND HELP TO RESTORE ITS LUSTRE. 

2. I THANKED PRESIDENT ECHEVERRIA FOR THE EXPOSITION OF HIS 
PLAN AND PROMISED TO REPORT IT TO YOU AT ONCE. OBSERVING THAT 
PRIOR KNOWLEDGE WOULD MAKE YOUR CONVERSATION WITH RABASA 
MORE MEANINGFUL. I ASKED ECHEVERRIA WHETHER HIS PLAN ENVISAGED 
A WILLINGNESS TO STATION ON-THE-SPOT OBSERVERS REPRESENTING 
THE PROPOSED THREE CHIEFS OF STATE. ECHEVERRIA APPARENTLY HAD 




PAGE 03 MEXICO 07684 2921152 

NOT THOUGHT OF THIS BUT ON REFLECTION SAID THAT HIS PLAN SHOULD 
IN INDEED INCLUDE ON-THE-SPOT OBSERVERS AND THAT THEY COULD 
EITHER WORK ALONG SIDE THE PROPOSED AMERICAN OBSERVERS. THUS 



DILUTING THEIR PRESENCE, OR COULD EVEN CARRY OUT THEIR OBSERVER 
FUNCTION WITHOUT THE AMERICANS, SHOULD YOUR OWN PLAN NOT 

SUCCEED. 

3. IN CLOSING EHCEVERIUA REITERATED AGAIN HIS VERY STRONG 
HOPES FOR YOUR OWN SUCCESS, REPEATING THAT fflS PLAN WOULD BE 
PROPOSED ONLY AS A SUPPLEMENT TO YOUR EFFORTS AND 
INSURANCE IN CASE YOU DID NOT SUCCEED FULLY, AS WELL AS 
A MEANS OF RESTORING LUSTRE TO THE UN SYSTEM. JOVA 



NNN 



*** Current Handling Restricti ons *** iVa 
*** Current Classification *** ^^^^^H 




n 

ACTION 10- 10 



INFO OCT-OI ARA-06 ISO-00 AF-06 EA-06 EUR-12 NEA-10 L-03 

CIAE-00 DODE-00 INR-07 NSAE-00 PA-01 USlA-06 PRS-01 

SP-02 /071 W 

104893 

R 290001Z JUL 75 

FM AMEMBASSY MEXICO 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC 9126 

INFO AMEMBASSY GEORGETOWN 




[EXICO 6669 



E. 0. 11652: N/A 

TAGS: PORG PFOR UN GY MX 

SUBJECT: GUYANA OFFICIAL CALLS FOR THIRD WORLD SECRETARY GENERAL 
FOR UN 



1. THE MEXICO CITY PRESS JULY 27 QUOTES GUYANA'S MINISTER 
OF TRADE, GEORGE KING AS SAYING: "THE NATIONS OF THE THIRD 
WORLD MUST BEGIN WORKING NOW IN ORDER THAT THE NEXT SECRETARY 
GENERAL OF THE UN IS ONE OF ITS REPRESENTATIVES AND TO PREVENT 
THE FIVE(PERMANENT MEMBERS OF) THE SECURITY COUNCIL FROM 
VETOING THIS." KING WENT ON TO SAY THAT IT IS HIGH TIME THE 
INDUSTRLaiLIZED NATIONS STOP DOMINATING THE UN. 



2. WITH RESPECT TO ECHEVERRL\'S CANDIDACY, KING ASSERTED 
MEXICO HAS WON THE RESPECT OF THE ENTIRE THIRD WORLD AND 
THAT FOR GUYANA IT WILL BE A PLEASURE TO SUPPORT ECHEVERRIA'S 
CANDIDACY FOR SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE UN. 



3. KING MADE HIS REMARKS ON ARRIVAL IN MEXICT JULY 26 WITH 

A NINE-MAN ECONOMIC AND TECHNICAL MISSION CALLED FOR IN THE JOINT 

COMMUNIQUE WHICH PRIME MINISTER BURNHAM AND PRESIDENT 

ECHEVERRIA SIGNED ON JULY 10 AT THE END OF THE LATTER'S 

STATE VISIT TO GUYANA INCLUDED IN THE GUYANA MISSION IS 

MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE GAVIN KENNARD, 




PAGE 02 MEXICO 06669 290040Z 




Vi^A:^^:... 



yiCLASSIFIED 

4. COMMENT: KING'S STATEMENTS, COMING FAST ON THE HEELS 
OF ECHEVERRIA'S VISIT TO GUYANA, ARE FURTHER EVIDENCE THAT 
ONE OF THE PRINCIPAL PURPOSES OF THE MEXICAN LEADER'S CURRENT 
TOUR OF 14 NATIONS IS TO PROMOTE HIS CANDIDACY. 
JOVAO 



NNN 



*** Current Handling Restricti ons * ** 
*** Current Classification *** 



icussra 




73 

ACTION ARA-10 



INFO OCT-01 NEA-IO ISO-00 CIAE-00 DODE-00 PM-03 H-02 

INR-07 L-03 NSAE-00 NSC-05 PA-02 PRS-01 SP-02 SS-15 

USIA-I5 FEA-01 INT-05 EB-07 COME-00 TRSE-00 OMB-01 

AID-05 10- 10 /105 W 

085663 

R252325ZJUL75 

FM AMEMBASSY MEXICO 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC 9092 
INFO AMEMBASSY COLOMBO 
AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI 



UNCLAS MEXICO 6617 

E.O. 11652: N/A 
TAGS: PFOR, MX 

SUBJECT: ECHEVERRIA PRESS CONFERENCES FEATURE OLD AND NEW REFERINS 

1 . ACCORDING TO PRESS REPORTS REACHING US HERE.PRESIDENT 
ECHEVERRIA REPEATED SOME WELL-KNOWN POSITIONS AND ADVANCED 
A FEW NOVEL ONES IN PRESS CONFERENCES JULY 23 AND 24 IN NEW 
DELHI AND COLOMBO. AMONG THE FAMILIAR REFRAINS: 



- OPEC: MEXICO WILL CONTINUE TO KEY EXPORT PRICES FOR 
ITS PETROLEUM TO OPEC PRICES. IF LATTER GO UP. MEXICO'S 
WILL FOLLOW. 



~ OAS AND CUBA: RECENT ACTION TO AMEND RIO TREATY AND 

PAVE WAY FOR LIFTING SANCTIONS AGAINST CUBA WAS A "POSTIVE" 

STEP BUT TOO LATE IN COMING. THERE IS NO CONTINENT 

ON EARTH WHERE POLITICAL DIFFERENCES DO NOT EXIST AMONG NATIONS; 

HARMONIC COEXISTENCE IS ESSENTIAL. 

ARMS -- GREAT POWERS ARE STILL SPENDING ENORMOUS SUMS ON ARMS 
WHICH SHOULD BE CHANNELED INSTEAD INTO THIRD WORLD DEVELOPMENT. 



- UNITED NATIONS: NO NApON SHOULD WITHDRAW. 
UNCLASSIFIED 



UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 MEXICO 06617 26I43IZ 



ED 




roil. i".:..T.?.; 
li.-I.-jp: 



.IS cud-.oitty » 



SINCE U S, REPRESENTS HOPE FOR DIALOGUE, FOR EXCHANGE OF 
IDEAS,AND FOR DISCUSSIONS WHICH PROMOTE PEACE. 

2 ECHEVERRIA REVISED OR ELABORATED HIS VIEWS ON A FEW 

TOPICS; 

- U.N. SECGENSHIP; ALTHOUGH UNLIKELY OF SUCCESS. LDCS 

SHOULD UNITE TO ENSURE THAT NEXT SECGEN IS A MAN FROM THE THIRD 
WORLD. SINCE PERIOD OF CRISIS AHEAD 

REQUIRES SOMEONE WHO CAN UNDERSTAND THEM.(HE MADE NO CLAIM THAT 
THAT MAN OUGHT TO BE HE, OF COURSE.) 

- DETENTE; GREAT POWER EFFORTS HAVE BEEN SUPERFICL^iL, 

SHALLOW. PEDESTRIAN, AND THEIR ACHIEVEMENTS UNDERMINED BY TENSION- 
PRODUCING ACTIONS ELSEWHERE, THEY TALK IN ONE WAY AND ACT IN 
ANOTHER 

- NON-ALIGNED GROUP. MEXICO IS WATCHING WITH MUCH INTEREST 
AND CONSIDERS ALL OF THEM ITS FRIENDS. IN MANY WAYS, THEIR 
EFFORTS DUPLICATE THOSE OF G-77; A UNITED FRONT IS NEEDED 

TO ACHIEVE ECONOMIC SOLIDARTTY. MEXICO WILL JOIN THE NON-ALIGNED 

GROUP WHEN THERE IS SUFFICIENT COOPERATION AMONG THESE 

COUNTRIES TO GUARANTEE THEIR GENUINE NON-ALIGNMENT. 

~ AID AND NIEO: INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRIES' ASSISTANCE TO LDCS 

MUST NOT BE AN ACT OF CHARITY WHICH DISGUSTS GIVER AND 

HUMILIATES RECEIVER. IT MUST BE AN INSTITUTIONALIZED ACT 

OF COOPERATION WITHIN FRAMEWORK OF NEW INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC 

ORDER. BASED ON JUSTICE AND RECOGNITION OF ESSEmiAL EQUALITY 

AMONG NATIONS. 

JOVA 



UNCLASSIFIED 



NNN 



*** Current Handling Restrictions *** n/a 

*** Current Classification *♦* UNCLASSIFIED 



KLMED 




PAGE 01 TEHRAN 07091 221521Z 
46 

ACTION NEA- 10 

INFO OCT-01 AF-06 ARA-06 ISO-00 FEA-01 ERDA-05 AID-05 

CEA-01 ClAE-00 CIEP-01 COME-00 DODE-00 EB-07 FPC-01 

H-02 INR-07 INT-05 L-03 NSAE-00 NSC-05 OMB-01 PM-03 

USIA-06 SAM-01 OES-03 SP-02 SS-15 STR-04 TRSE-00 

FRB-03 PRS-01 PA-01 EUR-12 ACDA-05 lO-lO NRC-05 

OPIC-03 AGR-05 /146W 

022918 

R221232Z JUL 75 
FM AMEMBASSY TEHR.AN 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 2638 
AMEMBASSY ALGIERS 
AMEMBASSY CAIRO 
AMEMBASSY COLOMBO 
AMEMBASSY DAKAR 
AMEMBASSY DAR ES SALAAM 
AMEMBASSY GEORGETOWN 
AMEMBASSY JIDDA 
AMEMBASSY KUWAIT 
AMEMBASSY MEXICO 
AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI 
AMEMBASSY PORT OF SPAIN 
AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV 




'EHRAN 07091 



E.O. 11652;NA 

TAGS: ENRG. PFOR. ETRD. EINV. JR. MX 

SUBJ: ECHEVERRIA VISIT TO IRAN - OIL PRICES AND POSSIBLE ECONOMIC 
COOPERATION / 





PAGE 02 TEHRAN 07091 221521Z 

1. SUMMARY. MEXICAN PRESIDENT'S IRANIAN VISIT BROUGHT FORTH 
STATEMENTS BY BOTH HEADS OF STATE SUPPORTING HIGHER OIL PRICES. 
SHAH REPEATED HIS DETERMINATION TO USE OIL WEALTH TO BUILD UP 
IRAN'S MILITARY STRENGTH. IRANIAN PRESS SAID EACH SIDE AGREED 

TO MAKE A S400 MILLION CREDIT AVAILABLE FOR JOINT VENTURES IN BOTH 
COUNTRIES, BUT FONMIN'S SOURCE INDICATED ECONOMIC AGREEMENT LIMITED 
TO IRAN'S INVESTING $400 MILLION IN MEXICO. IF MONEY AVAILABLE 
LATER. END SUMMARY 

2. AT THE CLOSE OF THE JULY 17-2 1 VISIT TO IRAN OF PRESIDENT 

LUIS ECHEVERRLA. A JOINT PRESS CONFERENCE CARRIED OVER NATIONAL 
IRANIAN RADIO AND TV WAS HELD IN WHICH THE SHAH REITERATED AT 
SOME LENGTH THE JUSTIFICATION FOR AN INCREASE IN THE PRICE OF OIL 

TO COVER THE ALLEGED 30-35 PERCENT DECLINE IN OIL REVENUES' 
PURCHASING POWER BECAUSE OF WORLD INFLATION, HE SAID IRAN WOULD NOT 
INSIST ON AN INCREASE IN OIL PRICES COMMENSURATE WITH THE OIL 
EXPORTING COUNTRIES' ERODED BUYING POWER BUT HE STATED THE AMOUNT 
OF THE INCREASE IN THE PRICE OF OIL WOULD BE DETERMINED BY "MANY 
FACTORS" IN CONSULTATION WITH OTHER MEMBERS OF OPEC. HE CLAIMED 
HIGHER OIL PRICES WOULD NOT UNDLY HURT THE WORLD ECONOMY AND 
REITERATED THE IRANL^N VIEW THAT PAST OIL PRICE INCREASES WERE 
RESPONSIBLE FOR ONLY A SMALL PART OF WORLD INFLATION. PRESIDENT 
ECHEVERIUA STATED THAT MEXICO WOULD UPHOLD A PRICE INCREASE AND 
NOT UNDERCUT OPEC BY SELLING OIL AT A LOWER PRICE. THE OFFICIAL 
COMMUNIQUE RELEASED AT THE CLOSE OF THE VISIT STATED THAT THE TWO 
HEADS OF STATE "REAFFIRMED THAT THE PRICES OF OIL AND OTHER RAW 
MATERIALS SHOULD BE CLOSELY RELATED TO THAT OF OTHER COMMODITIES." 

3. WHEN QUESTIONED ABOUT STORIES APPERING IN WESTERN PRESS THAT 
OUL-PRODUCING STATES WERE SQUANDERING THEIR WEALTH ON WEAPONS, SHAH 
RECALLED THAT IRAN HAD BEEN INVADED BY FOREIGN POWERS IN BOTH WORLD 
WARS, ALTHOUGH IT HAD DECLARED ITS NEUTRALITY AND THAT "OUR COUNTRY 
WILL NOT BE TAKEN BY SURPRISE AGAIN. WE HAVE DECIDED TO DESTROY OUR 
COUNTRY OURSELVES BEFORE ALLOWING IT TO BE OCCUPIED BY THE ENEMY, 
BUT BEFORE THAT WE WILL FIGHT AND TO FIGHT WE NEED WEAPONS." 

4. SHAH REAFFIRMED IRAN'S SUPPORT FOR NON-PROLIFERATION TREATY AND 
ITS DESIRE THAT THE MEDEAST BE DECLARED A NUCLEAR-FREE ZONE, BUT 
NOTED IRAN IS ATTAINING THE CAPACITY TO BECOME A NON-MILITARY 
NUCLEAR POWER. 




PAGE 03 TEHRAN 07091 22I52IZ 

5. VISIT WAS ROUTINE BUT SUCCESSFUL IMAGE-BUILDING EXERCISE 

BY I84-MAN MEXICAN DELEGATION. IN PUBLIC PRONOUNCEMENTS, ECHEVERRIA 




lUSIFIED 



STRESSED SIMILARITY MEXICAN AND IRANIAN REVOLUTIONS AND DESIRE FOR 
ECON, SOCIAL. AND CULTURAL COOPERATION BETWEEN THIRD WORLD 
PARTNERS. TWITTING OF SUPERPOWERS WAS HELD TO MINIMUM. APPARENTLY 
WELL BELOW OTHER ECHEVERRIA VISITS SUCH AS ALGIERS. LITTLE OF 
SUBSTANCE ACCOMPLISHED, THOUGH THREE ECONOMIC AGREEMENTS SIGNED: 
(1) PAYMENTS AGREEMENT BETWEEN BOTH COUNTRIES' CENTRAL 
BANKS; (2) FINANCIAL PROTOCOL BETWEEN THE GOI MINISTRY OF 
ECONOMIC AFFAIRS AND FINANCE AND THE MEXICAN FINANCE MINISTRY, 
AND (3) LETTER OF ASSOCIATEION BY THE PRESIDENTS OF EACH COUNTRY'S 
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE SETTING UP A JOINT IRANLVN/MEXICAN BUSINESS 
COMMITTEE WHICH WILL MEET ANNUALLY. IRANIAN PRESS REPORTED EACH 
COUNTRY AGREED TO MAKE AVAILABLE $400 MILLION CREDIT FOR FINANCING 
JOINT VENTURES IN BOTH COUNTRIES. BUT DIRECTOR AMERICAN DIVISION 
AT FONMINISTRY HATEF SAID AGREEMENT WAS ONLY FOR IRANIAN INVESTMENT 
IN MEXICO, AND MEXICANS WERE TOLD IRAN WOULD HAVE NO MONEY FOR THIS 
BEFORE LATE SEPTEMBER AT EARLIEST. COMMUNIQUE INDICATED JOINT 
VENTURE PAPER MILLS. CEMENT PLANTS. MAN-MADE FIBERS, SUGAR MILLS, 
HEAVY EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING (MAINLY FOR CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY 
AND OIL DRILLING PLATFORMS), COOPERATION IN PETROLEUM AND 
PETRO-CHEMICALS AND IN URBAN DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS WERE DISCUSSED. 
THESE COVER SIMILAR TERRITORY TO PROJECTS REVIEWED AT THE JOINT 
MEXICAN-IRANLVN ECONOMIC COMMISSION MEETING (SUBCABINET AND 
TECHNICAL LEVEL) DURING THE EARLY JUNE VISIT OF A MEXICAN DELEGATION 
LED BY THE FINANCE UNDER SECRETARY.NOTHING YET ACCOMPLISHED ON ANY 
JOINT VENTURE AGREEMENTS. WHICH WOULD REQUIRE FURTHER CONCURRENCE 
OF BOTH GOVERNMENTS. CULTURAL AND SCIENTIFIC AGREEMENTS ALSO WERE 
SIGNED. BUT THESE COVER ROUTINE EXCHANGES OF TEACHERS, STUDENTS, 
AND TECHNICAL PERSONNEL. 

6. HATEF ALSO THOUGH THERE HAD BEEN NO REPEAT NO DISCUSSION OF 
FUTURE ECHEVERRIA ROLE IN AN INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION (PARA 
FOUR REFTEL). 
HELMS 



NNN 



*** Current Handling Restrictions *** 
**"■ Current Classification *"'* 



USSIFIED 



««.»» 



PAGE 01 MEXICO 06095 092027Z 



66 

ACTION ARA-10 



INFO OCT-01 AF-06 NEA-10 lSO-00 DODE-00 ClAE-00 INR-07 
NSAE-00 PM-03 H-02 L-03 NSC-05 PA-01 PRS-01 SP-02 



SS-15 USIA-06 AID-05 /077W 

117315 

R09I934ZJUL75 
FM AMEMBASSY MEXICO 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 8802 
AMEMBASSY ALGIERS 
AMEMBASSY CAIRO 
AMEMBASSY COLOMBO 
AMEMBASSY DAKAR 
AMEMBASSY DAR ES SALAAM 
AMEMBASSY GEORGETOWN 
AMEMBASSY JIDDA 
AMEMBASSY KUWAIT 
AMEMBASSY NEW DEHLI 
AMEMBASSY PORT OF SPAIN 
AMEMBASSY TEHRAN 
AMEMBASSY TEL AViV 



lEXICO 6095 



E. O. 11652: N/A 

TAGS: PF0R.MX.Ab.EG.CE.SG.T2,GY.SA.KX,IN.TD.IR, IS 
SUBJECT. PRESIDENT ECHEVERRIA'S TRIP 

REF: MEXICO 6020 



1 . MEXICAN PRESIDENT LUIS ECHEVERRIA ANNOUNCED JULY 7 HIS ITIN- 
ERARY FOR HIS FORTHCOMING TRIP AS FOLLOWS: GUYANA. JULY 8-10; 
SENEGAL. JULY 10-14; ALGERIA, JULY 14-17; IRAN. JULY 17-21; 
INDIA, JULY 21-23; SRI LANKA, JULY 24; TANZANIA, JULY 25-28; 
KUWAIT, JULY 28-AUG 1; SAUDI ARABIA AUG 1-4; EGYPT, AUG 4-7; 
8 4AEL. AUG 7-10; TRIMDAD AND TOBAGO, AUG 10-13; AND CUBA, 
AUG 14-18, ^ «/ 




iCLiissra 

2. FOLLOWING BACKGROUND MAY BE USEFUL TO POSTS ALONG 
ROUTE OF ECHEVERRIA'S TRIP. DURING fflS FOUR AND A HALF 
YEARS AS MEXICO'S PRESIDENT, ECHEVERRIA HAS BROUGHT 
UNACCUSTOMED ACTIVISM TO GOM FOREIGN RELATIONS AND ATTEMPTED TO 
INSCRIBE MEXICO FIRMLY AMONG LEADING NATIONS OF THE THIRD 
WORLD. IN THIS QUEST FOR LEADERSHIP, MEXICAN FOREIGN 

POLICY HAS BEEN GEARED INCREASINGLY TOWARD PRO- 
MOTING THIRD WORLD UNITY IN SUPPORT OF A "NEW INTERNATIONAL 
ECONOMIC ORDER." ECHEVERRIA IS ENORMOUSLY PROUD OF HIS INIT- 
IATIVE IN PROPOSING THE CHAPTER OF ECONOMIC RIGHTS AND 
DUTIES OF STATES (CERDS) AT THE UNCTAD CONFERENCE IN CHILE 
IN APRIL 1972. AND OF THE LEADING PART TAKEN BY THE GOM IN 
ITS ADOPTION AT THE UNGA IN DECEMBER 1974, SINCE ITS AP- 
PROVAL, HE HAS TIRELESSLY SOUGHT TO PROMOTE THE CHARTER AS 
THE IDEAL"FRAMEWORK" FOR A NEW INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC 
ORDER. 

3. ECHEVERRIA'S THIRD WORLD STANCES AND RHETORIC ARE 
DESIGNED NOT ONLY TO PUT HIM IN WHAT WE BELIEVES IS THE 
VANGUARD OF THE MOVEMENT BUT ALSO TO WIN SUPPORT FROM THE 
NATIONALISTIC AND LEFTIST ELEMENTS WITHIN MEXICO AND DEMON- 
STRATE GOM INDEPENDENCE OF US INFLUENCE. IN PURSUIT OF 

THE LATTER, THE GOM IS ACTIVELY SEEKING NEW SOURCES OF TRADE, 
INVESTMENT AND TEHCNOLOGY TO OFFSET THE CURRENT US PRE- 
PONDERANCE IN THESE AREAS(THE US ACCOUNTS FOR TWO-THIRDS 
OF MEXICO'S TRADE AND 80 PERCENT OF ITS FOREIGN INVESTMENT). 

4. THERE HAVE ALSO BEEN NUMEROUS OFFICIAL AND UNOFFICIAL 
HINTS FROM THE GOM THAT ECHEVERRIA, WHO CANNOT SEEK ANOTHER 
TERM AS PRESIDENT OF MEXICO WHEN HIS CURRENT TERM EXPIRES 

IN DECEMBER OF 1976, IS INTERESTED IN HEADING AN INTER- 
NATIONAL ORGANIZATION. BOTH SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE UN 
AND HEAD OF THE FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL ORGANIZATION HAVE BEEN 
MENTIONED, IN PUBLIC. ECHEVERRIA IS CURRENTLY DOWNPLAYING 
THIS AS "PREMATURE". NEVERTHELESS. HE HAS INTENSIFIED HIS 
ALREADY SUBSTANTIAL LEVEL OF ACTIVITIES IN THE FOREIGN RE- 
LATIONS SPHERE: SINCE TAKING OFFICE IN 1970. ECHEVERRL\ 
HAS TRAVELLED ABORAD 7 TIMES TO A TOTAL OF 23 NATIONS. HIS 
CURRENT (8TH) TRIP WILL BE HIS LONGEST IN TERMS OF BOTH 
DURATION (42 DAYS) AND NUMBER OF NATIONS VISITED (13). 




PAGE 03 MEXICO 06095 092027Z 

DURING THE LAST TWELVE MONTHS. ECHEVERRIA HAS SUBSTANTIALLY 
INCREASED THE TEMPO OF FOREIGN VISITS TO MEXICO AND OF 
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES HELD HERE 




5. ECHEVERRIA'S TRIPS ABROAD ARE GENERALLY CHARACTERIZED 
BY AN ARDUOUS SCHEDULE OF HIGHLY VISIBLE ACTIVITY. THE 
MEXICAN CHIEF OF STATE SEEKS TO CULTIVATE AN IMAGE AS A 
TIRELESS AND DYNAMIC LEADER HE LOVES TO HAVE CROWDS TURNED 
OUT FOR HIM AND TO MEET PEOPLE. IN PARTICULAR. ECHEVERRIA 
LIKES TO MEET WITH INTELLECTUALS FOR INFORMAL AND GENERALLY 
ONE-SIDED "DISCUSSIONS" WHICH OCCASIONALLY ARE EMBARRASSING 
TO HIS HOSTS AND DRAG ON FOR HOURS, DISRUPTING HIS SCHEDULE. 
ECHEVERRIA'S DISLIKE OF FORMALITY IS LEGEND NEVERTHELESS, 
MEXICANS ATTACH CONSIDERABLE IMPORTANCE TO JOINT COM- 
MUNIQUES AND NEGOTITATE TENACIOUSLY TO OBTAIN AGREEMENT ON 
SUCH PET TOPICS AS CERDS AND NIEO. 

6. THE DOMESTIC POLITICAL CONTEXT IN WHICH TRIP TAKES 
PLACE IS EVE(FOUR MONTHS HENCE) OF PRESIDENTIAL SUCCESSION. 
SELECTION(NOT ELECTION) IS ESSENTIALLY CLOSED PROCESS IN 
WHICH CURRENT RULING ELITE, HEADED BY PRESIDENT, MAKES THE 
CHOICE. ECHEVERRIA'S ABSENTING HIMSELF FOR 42 DAYS AT THIS 
TIME REFLECTS CONFIDENCE IN HIS CONTROL OF DOMESTIC SITUATION. 

7. AS USUAL PRESIDENT IS TRAVELING WITH HUGE ENTOURAGE, WHICH 
REPRESENTS MAJOR GOVERNMENTAL, PRIVATE. AND POLITICAL 
INTERESTS(HOWEVER. NONE OF THREE OPPOSITION PARTIES IS 
REPRESENTED). 

8. REPORTS ON SUBSTANCE AND ATMOSPHERICS OF ECHEVERRIA'S 
VISITS. AND IN PARTICULAR ANY IMPRESSIONS FROM PRESS OR 

HOST GOVERNMENT SOURCES OF DYNAMICS AMONG SUPPORTING ACTORS. 

WOULD BE APPRECIATED. 

JOVA 



NNN 



*'** Current Handling Restrictio ns *** 
*** Current Classification *** 



iCLASSIFIED 



««.»» 
UNCLASSIFIED 




PAGE 01 MEXICO 06020 080I58Z 



64 

ACTION ARA- 10 

INFO OCT-OI AF-06 NEA-10 ISO-00 PM-03 NSC-05 SP-02 SS-15 
CIAE-00 DODE-00 INR-O? NSAE-00 PA-02 USL^-15 PRS-01 
AID-05 (ISO)W 



R080039ZJUL 75 
FM AMEMBASSY MEXICO 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 8749 
INFO AMEMBASSY ALGIERS 
AMEMBASSY CAIRO 
AMEMBASSY COLOMBO 
AMEMBASSY DAKAR 
AMEMBASSY DAR ES SALAAM 
AMEMBASSY GEORGETOWN 
AMEMBASSY JIDDA 
AMEMBASSY KUWAIT 
AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI 
AMEMBASSY PORT OF SPAIN 
AMEMBASSY TEHRAN 
AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV 

UNCLAS MEXICO 6020 

EO 11652:NA 

TAGS: PFOR. MX. AG. EG, CE, SG, TZ, GY, SA, KU, 
IN. TD, IR, IS / 

SUBJECT: PRESIDENT ECHEVERRIA'S TRIP 



REF MEXICO 5894 

THIS CABLE CONSOLIDATES REPORTING OF EARLIER CABLES (REFTEL 

AND PREVIOUS) ON NATIONS MEXICAN PRESIDENT ECHEVERRLA WILL VISIT 

BETWEEN JULY 8 AND AUGUST 16: GUYANA, SENEGAL. 

ALGERIA. EGYPT. IRAN. INDIA, ISRAEL. KUWAIT, SRI LANKA, 

SAUDI ARABIA. TANZANIA, TRINIDAD, AND TOBAGO, AND CUBA. THE 

GOM HAS NOT ANNOUNCED EITHER THE DATES OR SEQUENCE OF 

VISITS. JOVA 

UNCLASSIFIED /O 



089179 




PAGE 02 MEXICO 06020 080158Z 



UNCLASSIFIED 






of §i9H 



■a 



UMCLrtSSiFIED 



IJN.CL«iSSIf lED 



AN; D880851 -01 1 1 



PAGE pj. OTTAWA '0776.1 01 OF .-03 3219462- 

ACTION EDR-00 . ■ 

■ ... ■ ' ' ■ . ■ '■ ' ' ' 

I.NFO- COG-OO ADS-00 INR.-10 CIAEtOO DODE-OO' .NSAE-OO ' <^IP-0S 
PA-02 lNRE-00 SP-02 PRS.-01 /023 W ■. 
" 1.3.1 133 3819492 >38 

0. 2219342 SEP 88 "• .• - 

FM .AMEMBflSSY OTTAWA . ' • 
TO- USINFO- WASHDC IMHEDIATE 
INFO SECSTATE WASH0C IMMEDIATE. 5529 
THE WHITE HOUSE 
AMCONSUL- HALIFAX 
AflCONSUL (J.UEBEe. 

AMCONSUL MONTREAL ■ '• ' ■ 

AMCOMSUL TORONTO 
AMCONSUL CALGARY 

■AMCONSUL Vancouver 



D£PA/?TMENT OF STATE 



DEPART 




FPC/COH 



^ iEASe ( I DECLASSIFY 1 MR G«sei Ontii 
( ) OENr IN PART 

_t ) DELETE- Non -Responsive Info 
FOiA Exsmptlons ' 
PA Examptian»_ 



■ . Date: 



UNCLAS' SECTION Oi OF 0^ .OtTAWA 07-'6f 

USIA . " 



( ) CLASSIFY M 
I ) POWNORAOE 



< ) 8 < 

ntn ) S( 



AGENCY FOR- P/M (^-INFQ .P/RI ; . PyfGFi ■ P/FMi P/FN5 VOA/EXN! 

p/pfe; EU ' 

state fdr eur/can?. eur/pa 

WHITE HOUSE. .PASS' NSC^WEURDPE ■ 



E.O. 1-2356 N/A 

TAGS! • ECPS; PREL» GA 

SUBJECT: MEDIA REACTION 

'88, 



-- ISRAELI- SATEL'LITEj CAMPAIGN 



1, . THERE WAS ONE. ITEM ON ISRAEL IN CANAPIAN NEWSPAPERS .- 
SEPT. 22! ANP THREE- ON THE U.S. ELECTION CAMPAIGN-^ 
EXCERPTS FOLLOW. 

2'. TORONTO SUN COLUMNIST ERIC MARGOLIS WROTE A PIECE 
ENTITLED.- "ISRAEL'S EYE JN THi S'KY . " "THE -ARAB NATIONS 
UNCLASSIFIED 
UNCLASSIFIED 



PAGE 0.2 OTTAWA 07761 01 OF 03 22194<52 

OF THE tilDEHSt ':-)!L'„ NOW Hh^E TO GE~ USED TO THE 



UNCLASSIFIED 



■ UNCLASSIFIED ' . mmm 

UNCOMFORTABLE. FEELING ^H^^T SONEQNE.IS LOOKING OVER THEIR 
SHOULDERS. THE SOUEONE IS; OF COURSE; ISRAEL WHICH. JUST. 
LAUNCHED ITS FIRST SATELLITE ON MONDAr ..... . ' 

> ' . ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ' . ' ' . . ■ ■ • . 

3. "WHAT PRECISELY MAS LAUNCHED INTO LOW. ORBIT REMAINS 
SOMETHING OF A MYSTERY. THE BEST CUESS IS THAT, IT WAS 
EITHER A TEST PACKAGE DESIGNED TO PAVE THE WAY FOR A. 
FORTHCOMING LAUNCH OF A SPY . SATELL I TE OR AN- .'ELEC TRON I C . 
EAVESDROPPING SYSTEM. TO MONITOR i^RAB COMMUNICATIONS'.... 
H. "ISRAEL HAS LONG PUT INTENSE PRESSURE ON THE U.S. 
GOVERNMENT TO OBTAIN AN I SRAEL I - CONTROLLED CHANNEL ON 
■U.S. SPY SATELLITES , THE U.S. MILITARY RESISTED THIS 
BUT WAS .FORCED BY CONGRESS TO GRUDGINGLY SUPPLY ISRAEL' 
WITH EDITED. SATELLITE IMAGERY AND ELECTRONIC' DATA' 
.AMERICA'S. ARABrALLIES WERE . OUTRAGED THAT SUCH DAT-^ WERE 
PASSED .ON TO. THEIR ENEMY-. 

5. "THE VITAL. IMPORTANCE OF SUCH IMAGERY'WAS SEEN IN 
•felE IRAN- IRAQ WAR, . .SATELLITE PHOTOS' PROV I DED BY TH.E 
U.S.. i*LLOWED IRAQ TO ■ SEE WHERE IRANIAN .ATTACKS WOULD-BE 
MOUNTED AND JO PREPARE COUNTERMEASURES .' EVERYTHING' IRAN-' 
DID, WAS OB.SER.VED. BY..U.S. SATELL 

TES. AND QUICKLY RELAYED- ■ - . '■ 

TO BAGHShD. . DEPRIVED OF THE ■ ELEME.NT OF : SU.RPR I 5E < . IRAN 

L05T ITS ONLY CHANCE TO WIN THE WAR, 

6. "AN ISRAELI SATELLITE W I L L PERFORM A S I M I L AR USEFUL. 
ROLE. ' I.T .WILL BE ALMOSf IMPOSSIBLE FOR THE. ARABS TO 
SECRETLY MASS TROOPS FOR A S'URPF? 

SE- ATTACK ON • .- 

ISRAEL .... MON-DAY' S.. LAUNCH • ALSO DELIVERED ANOTHER ' MESSAGE ' 
TO THE ARAB STATES , THE M ISS I LE THAT ' LOF TED. J HE 
UNCLASSIFIED • '' . , ■ '. . ' ' 

UNCLASSIFIED • . / '. ' '. 

PAGE 03 - OTTAWA 07-7S1 01 OF. 03 

SATELLITE WAS LIKELY' AN I SRAEL I - BU I LT JERICHO II.... LAST 
AUGUST; THE SOVIET UNION PROTESTED TO ISRAEL AFTER THE.' . 
JERICHO WAS TEST-FIRED INTO THE MEDITERRANEAN. THE 
MISSILE'S RANGE PUTS THE SOUTHERN USSR' UNDER RISK OF 
ISRAELS NUCLEAR STRIKES 

"HOW ISRAEL- WITH A ..CHRONT C ALLY AILING ECONOMY; AND 
UNDER A TIGHT AUSTERITY PROGRAM;. MANAGED tq FIND THE 
HUNDREDS OF MILLIONS NEEDED TO BUI i_D. H. SPY SATELL I TE 
SYSTEM REMAINS A 'MOST INTRIGUING' MVSTERY.. ONE MUS"^ 



UUSIFIED 

umclassif ied 




WONDER IF THIS HUGEL'' TSPENSIVE PROJECT. WA.S -NOT EUNDED 
BY THE U.S. THROUGH TOP-SECRET ' BL-ACK PROGRAMS.'... 
ISRAEL HAS CONFIRMED, IT IS A MI N I - SUPeRPQWER > . AMD 
PERHAPS THE .WORLD'S FOURTH OR F I FTH- RANKI MI-LITARY 
POWER. -. . . . ■ • ■ ■ 

. 8. "ISRf^EL IS. ,A WHOLE MILITARY GENERATIOM AHEAD OF ..f HE 
ARABS AND WILL LIlfELY. REMAIN SO IN THE FORESEEABLE 
FUTURE. THE GREATEST DANGER .IS NO LONGER ^RAB. ARMORED 
DIVISIONS BUT THE SEETHING. REVOLT IN THE OCCUPIED. 
TERRITORIES AMD TH^ .MORAL ROT ITMS CAUSING- INSIDE 
ISRAEL. .THE TERRITORIES HAVE BEEN TURNED BY ISRAEL INTO 
A. MAMMOTH PEMA.L COLONY FOR PALESTINIANS. . . . " • 

9. .THE TOR.ONTO:- STAR'..S -WASHINGTON- COLUMNIST BOB HE>BURN 
.W.ROTE THE F I RgT , I TEM ..ON .THE ELECTION CAMPAIGN UNDER THE 
HEADLINE; ."TO BUSH; MEDICARE FIRST STEP. TO COMMUNISM. " 
"GEORGE BUSH; THE AttpRICAN SjUPER-PATRlOT LAST SEEN 
WRAPPING HIMSELF IN THE STARS ANJ) STRIP-ES AT. A NEW.. 
;JERS.EY' FLAG F ACT ORY ; . I S -RA.I S I NG . CANADA - BASH I NG . TO NEW 

.-.HE.IGH-^S. OF LUNACY, ' . ' . 

10. ."IT STARTED LAST MONTH WITH HIS STRIDENT DEFENCE OF 



UNCLASSIFIED 



UUSIFIED 

UfJCLHSSIFlED 



PAGE. 01 .OTTAii|(!^ 07761- 02 OF 03 22194'7Z • 

ACTION EUR-00 , " 

IN-FO • LOG-00. -ADS-bO- .INR-10 CIAE-00. DODE-OO NSAE-OO CIP-08 
PA-02 . ' INRErOt) SP-02 PR5-01 :y023 W. 
.-•J.-. -.......,,....131 ,37 221949Z /38 

' Q . 221 9 3S.Z , SE? 88 • . 

.F-M- AMEMBASSY OTTAWA ' ' ■ . 
TO USJNFO WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
■INFO SE.CSTATE WASHDC IMMEaiftTE 5.53.0 . 
THE WHITE HOUSE . • • ■. 

AMCONSLlL HALIFAX . " 

.AMCONSUL QyEBEC... , • - ' . , . . . 

AflCOMSUL MONTREAL . • ' . '■- ' 

■AMC0N5UL' TOf?ONTO' . ■; . .. 

AP1C0NSUL . CALGARY . ' ' ' 

AMCONSUL VANCOUVER . .... 

..UNCLAS SECTION. 02- of' 03: OTTAWA 07761 

USIA .■ 

.AGENCY FOR P.'M.'INFQ F/P.,? ■ P 'GF .P.,-'FH ; . P./F.N • VCA/EXN.: 

p/pf'e; EU . . ' . 
" .STATE FOR EUR/CAN/ . EUR/PA.. 
.WHITE HOUSE PASS NSC/WeUROPE 

E.'O. 12356 N/A 

TAGS:. ECPS* F^REL* CA-' . 
SUBJECT: MEDIA REACTION -- ISRAELI' SATELLITE^ . CAMPAIGN 

DAN OUAYLEj his. RICH RUNNING MATE' WHO SERVEPHIS COUNTRY . 
DURI.NG THE VIETNAM WAR . BY WR I T I NG PRESS RELEASES FOR THE ' ,. 
NATIONAL GUARD. . ... BUSH HAILED -QUAYLE AS. A T.RUE AMERICAN. 
INSINUATING THAT i5>i1ERICANS. WHO MOVED TO CANAD.f^ WERE A 
BUNCH OF SN..IVELLIN.G TRAITOR''S. TODA Y > • MANY .OF THOSE- 
AMERICANS ARE HV^RD;W0R4CING CANAD.IAN CIT.IZENS. 

UNCLASSIFIED. 
UNCLASSIFIE-D . •■ 

PAGE 02 OTTAWA 07761 02 OF 03 2219H7Z 

11. ' "NOW BUSH "AMD H I S • SLEAZEBALL HANDLERS ARE 
INDI.RE.CTL";' Li=-SKIN.-^ ou r hT CANaOA " S LWiiVEFSAL HEkLTH 




UNCLhSSIFIEP 



UNCLASSIFIEr 
UNCLASSlF'lED 



UNCLASSIFIED 




INSURANCE. . SCHEME.- .. SUG'V'-:? TING IT ' 15 TH£. EQUIVALENT OF . ft 
COnMUhtlST PLOT • TO RUIN THE ECONO^i Y . . . . TKE BUSH .GQftL IS 
TO SCARE THE LIVING DAYLIGHTS OUT OF AHERICANS', WHV?' 
BECAUSE BUSH FEARS MANY AMERICANS MIGHT VOTE., FOR . 
DEMOCRATIC NOMINEE .MICHAEL DUKAKIS BECAUSE OF HIS ' 
■PR-OMISE TO PUSH FOR' UNIVERSAL HEALTH INSURANCE..'.', 

.12. "DUKAKIS PROPOSED TUESDAY THAT THE FEDERAL' . • 
GOVERNMENT REQUIRE EMPLOYERS jO. PROVIDE HEALTH INSURANCE 
FOR THEIR- WORKERS.', . .HIS PLAN" IS BASED. ON A SIMILAR 
. SCHEME APPROVED EARLIER THIS YEAR -m' HIS HOME STATE OF 
MASSACHUSETTS.. THE. ROOTS OF THAT PLAN EM-^RGED. FROM 
DUKAKI5'. CLOSE INVESTIGATION Of THE CANADAAN i SYSTEM ... .■ 

13. ' "BUSH- HAT'ES,- THE vCANftDlAN SYSTEM.. HE' HAS •' 
CONSISTENTLY OPPOSED MANDATED I NSURANCE BENEF I T5 . . . . 
AMERICAN HEALTH CARE FOR THE WORKING I'aOR IS A NATIONAL 
DISGRACE. ■' BESIDES SOUTH AFRICA IT IS THE ONLY MftJOP ' 
COUNTRY .THAT FAILS . TO. PROVIDE BASIC HEALTH COVERAGE .FOR • 
AlL Its- CITIZENS. . .-. ' •• 

14, "DUKAKIS SEEMS EAGER TO EMBRACE FOREIGN SOLUTIONS' 
MANY OF THEM C AN ADI AN • - - ' T 0. DE EP - SEAT ED PROBLEMS. HE 

FAVORS CANADA' S; APPROACH ON ACID RAIN,- NOTICE Of PLANT 
CLOSINGS' ^ND NOW ON MEDICAL INSUPAMGE. HOWEVER- BUSH .IS 
TYING HIMSELF EVER .CLOSER TO AMERICAN IMAGES: THE 
• PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE.- THE FLAG.- IKE RIGHT FOR EMPLOYERS- 
TO LET.- THEIR LOW-PAID WORKERS FEND FOR THEMSELVES . ON 
.HEALTH CARE) THE THINLY VEILED FOREIGN BASHING...." 

•15.. THE NEXT. CAMPAIGN ITEM APPEARED IN THE OTTAWA. - 
UNCLASSIFIED . 

UNCLASSIFIED ' ■ ' . ' 

PAGE 03 OTTAWA 0776.1 02, OF. 03 221..9H7Z 

CITIZEN- AND WAS WRITTEN BY SOUTHAM NEWS' WASHINGTON '■ 
•CORRESPONDENT PETER CALAMAI UNDER THE HEADLINE.; "DIRTV 
TRICKS SURFACE IN U.S; ELECTION/ AS IN'PAST." "FOR U.S. 
POLITICS; IT WAS A TYPICAL .WEEK IN THE DIRTY TRICKS 
DEPARTMENT. THE' DEMOCRATS STAR"rED A RUMOR THAT A TOP 
CAMPAIGN AIDE TO GEORGE .EUSH WAS ONCE ARRESTED IN' NEW 
YORK'S CENTRAL PARK ON A FIREARMS CHARGE. THE 
REPUBLICANS TRIED TO^. REVIVE' A STORY THAT MICHAEL DUKAKIS- 
IS HOMOSEXUAL . 

'6. "VE'EP.'^M 'I rt!-:pi.i :.G!i -i'.'.'^ -'CHf. PS . C I '!"E '^'-'PEE DE '•''ELOPMENT^- 




UNCL ASS I FI E D 



MLASSIFIEO 

UNCLASSIFIED 

WHieK.ARE PUSHING THE pHlITICKING TOWARDS THE NASI IEP • 
.END .or THE SPECTRUM: THE ABSENCE' OF HNV COMPELLING. 
NftTIONV^L ISSUES. THE INCF?EA5I NG .. SOPH I ST ICAT I ON OF DIRECT 
MAIL AND- TELEVISION ADVERTISING AND THE CONTINUED RISE 
OF. INDEPENDENT POLITICAL CONSULTANTS . 

1?; "JESSE- IS DUKE'S ^5LBATR0SS". -WAS THE TITLE OF A 
TORONTO SUN PIECE URITTEN.BY WASHINGTON .COLUMNIST ALLAN ■ 
FOTHE.RINGHAN. "THERE. IS ONE PARTICULAR' IMAG-E THAT 
REMAINS FROM THE DEMOCRAT IC. CONVENT ION IN STEAMY ATLANTA 
IN, JULY. .IT. IS THE SIGHT OF JESSE JACKTSON ' QN. STAGE AND 
ALL THE JACKSON CHILDREN 0^ STAGE.'.-.- ALL OF :IT TAKING 
UP AN • !N0RD1NAT£ AMOUNT OF TIME IN A CONVENT I..ON THAT MAS 

SUPPOSED TO BELONG TO MICHAEL DUKAKIS..... 

it ' ■ •■ 

18. "JACKSON., WITH HIS ENORMOUS . EGO / EXTRACTED ' SO MUCH 
FROM DUKAKIS IN RETURN . FOR .BE I NG A LOYAL ME'tlBER OF THE 
TEAM THAT .I-T LEFT THE QUESTiON QF ■ WHO ACTUALLY IS IN 
CHARGE- OF THE PARTY. IT ESPECIALLY LEFT THE QUESTION . 
WITH THE' VOTERS. DUKAKIS NEEDS MOST IN NOVEMBER: THE 



UNCLA.SSIFIED 



ICUSSIFIEO 

.UMCLASSIF lED 



UNCLASSIFIED . • ' . 
•UNCLASSIFIED . ' ■ 

PAGE 01. OTTAWft 07761 03 OF 03 2219.H7Z 

ACTION EUR-00 

. - ' 

r.NFti LOG-00 . AD5.-00 " INRMO CIAE-OO ' DODE.-OO NSftE-00 CIP-O: 
PA-0.2 lNRE-00 SP-02 ..' PRS-01 .. /023 W . 

.... ...i 131142 221950Z/'38 

0 221 934Z SCP S8 

.Frt AMEMBASSY. O.TTAWA . . • . • . 

TO . USINFO' WflSHDC IMMEDIATE 
info' SE.CSTATE ' WASHDC IMMEDIATE 5531- 
THE. WHITE. HOUSE 
AtlCONSUL" HALIFAX 
AMCONSUL QUEBEC- 
AMCONSUL-MONTREAL 
AMCO"NSUL TORONTO .. ■ 
AriCONSUL ■ CALOARY . . ■ '. 
AMCONSUL VANCOUVER. 

UNCLAS SECTION. 03 OF . 03 DTTAUA' 07761 •. 

osiA. ' ■ ■.• ;.; / . . ■' 

AGENCv FOR P^h 'INFO P.'P> ( P-'GP) P'FWj P/FN; VOA/BXN;' 

■ p/pfe; eu ■ ' . , ■ 

state for eur/can; eur/pa • 

WHIT-E HaUS£ RASS NSCi'WEUROPE 

E . 0 . . 1 2356 N/A 

.TAGS:. ECPS; PRE.L; CA " 

SUBJECT: ■ MEDIA REACTION -- ISRAELI SATELL I TE _•. CAMPAIGN 

SO-GALLED 'REAGAN DEMOCRATS.-'' RONALD REAGAN RAN AUAY 
WITH THE -1980. ELECT 

ON AND StORED' A LANDSLIDE IN 1984 BY . " 

STEALI.NG AWAY .THE WH I TE ; ■ BLUE - COLL AJR VOTE IN THE. 
SOUTHv , . . ■ 

19. "POOR DUKAKIS.. WITH ALL N.I5 OTHER PROBLEMS -'. CAN' T ' 

UNCLASSIF'IED 

UNCLASSli=TED 

PAGE 02 OTTAWA 07761 03 OF 03 ■ 2219M-7Z 

REALLY WIN WITH GUY • WHO , HOGGED ALL THAT TINE IN 
ATLhN'TH.' .HE' y'NOiJS ■"H.-T those BLUE-CDLLhP W0RKEP3 D.OrT T 



UmSIFlEO 



UliCLA^SIFlED 




UNCLASSiFIED'. ' ■ 

'prrN?np?c^rul3^J*^ ^^"^ ^ ANi)- ■ HE ' DOE.SN ' T WANt'to 

rfio^S^S^ VIEWS. .BY .EMBRACING JESSE DURING THE 

mS^ph. cno ™.-T^E-0;rHER HAND. HE MUST, FIND SOMETHING 
r!ffi?t JACKSONv;.T:0:DO.,--, OR RISK. THt ri-CKING GRENADE 

oP rH^BuIniTrs-"^^^^^^^ 

THURBER. ■ r ".:- ■ : .. ■ 




Date Printed 




PAGE 01 
ACTION NEA~11 



TUNIS 02399 



041508Z 



INFO LOG- 00 
CIAE-00 
INRE-00 



COPY-01 ADS-00 
DODE-00 10-19 
SP-02 C-01 



INR-10 EUR-00 SS-00 
NSCE-00 NSAE-00 SSO-00 
SCT-02 P-02 T-01 
056034 041549Z /48 

0 041506Z MAR 88 

FM AMEIMBASSY TUNIS 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 4706 

INFO ARAB LEAGUE COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE 

USUN SECURITY COUNCIL COLLECTIVE 

AMEMBASSY BAGHDAD 

AMEMBASSY BEIRUT 

AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 

|; SECTION 01 OF 02 TUNIS 02399 

E.O. 12356: DECL: OADR 
TAGS: PREL, AL, KPAL, TS 

SUBJECT: ARAB LEAGUE PEACE COMMITTEE: PROPOSED 
DELEGATION TO WASHINGTON MARCH 11 OR 

MARCH 2 8 

REF: (A) TUNIS 02107; (B) STATE 062308 
1. 

2. ACTION REQUEST PARAGRAPH 10. 

3 . ARAB LEAGUE SECRETARY GENERAL CHEDLI KLIBI CALLED 

IN AMBASSADOR MARCH 4 TO DISCUSS FOLLOW UP TO MEETING 
OF ARAB LEAGUE PEACE COMMITTEE (REF A) . AMBASSADOR 
WAS ACCOMPANIED BY DCM AND POLCOUNS . KLIBI WAS 
JOINED BY HIS AIDE AHMED HERGUEM. 

4. RECALLING HISTORY OF THE ARAB LEAGUE EFFORT, 
KLIBI DESCRIBED THE NEXT STEP AS DISPATCH OF 



TUNIS 02399 01 OF 02 041508Z 



AF-00 
PM-10 
/059 W 

45 




PAGE 02 



DELEGATIONS TO CAPITALS OF UNSC PERMANENT MEMBERS FOR 
"AN EXCHANGE OF VIEWS ON MIDDLE EAST PEACE PROCESS". 
THE INTENT, KLIBI CONTINUED, WAS TO ESTABLISH A 
DIALOGUE, NOT TO DEMAND ANY PARTICULAR POSITIONS FROM 
THE GOVERNMENTS INVOLVED. THE PROPOSED DELEGATION TO 
WASHINGTON WOULD INCLUDE SAUDI ARABIA, ALGERIA, SYRIA 
AND ARAB LEAGUE. SCHEDULING IS COMPLICATED BY THE 
OBLIGATIONS OF THE VARIOUS MINISTERS, BUT THE ARAB 
LEAGUE HOPED ITS DELEGATION MIGHT BE RECE] 



Page 



mm 



o o 

<fl CO 



<n m a: 

U) (0 

o o z 

LU UJ - 



S !5 ^ 
-J o z 

LU X lU 



n. a. 

e E 

to Q) 



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Date Printed: 11/14/1996 



D0< 




#U§?t2?aJS02399 



CHANNEL: n/a 



MARCH 11 OR MARCH 28. THE FORMER DATE, HE NOTED, 
LEFT LITTLE TIME FOR PREPARATION. KLIBI ALSO ASKED 
FOR A REACTION TO THE INCLUSION OF A PLO 
REPRESENTATIVE, PERHAPS AN AMERICAN PROFESSOR. 

5 . AMBASSADOR SAID HE WOULD CONVEY THE ARAB LEAGUE 
REQUEST TO WASHINGTON FOR CONSIDERATION. HE THEN 
ADDED AS A PERSONAL OPINION THAT THE ATTEMPT TO 
INCLUDE A PLO REPRESENTATIVE IN THE 1982 ARAB 
DELEGATION HAD REDUCED THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THAT 
INITIATIVE. HE BELIEVED THAT ANY DELEGATE ADVERTISED 
AS A "MEMBER OF THE PLO" WOULD ONLY COMPLICATE THE 
PRESENT ONE. AMBASSADOR WENT ON TO NOTE THAT THE 
ARAB LEAGUE SEEMED TO HAVE RESTRAINED ITS INITIATIVE 
DURING SECRETARY SHULTZ ' CURRENT MISSION. IT WOULD 
BE EXTREMELY IMPORTANT TO CONTINUE TO ASSURE THAT THE 
TIMING AND SUBSTANCE OF THE ARAB LEAGUE EFFORT DOES 
NOT PUT US AT CROSS PURPOSES. 

6. KLIBI AGREED. THE ARAB LEAGUE EFFORT SHOULD BE 
REALISTIC AND ABOVE ALL ELSE AIM AT CONCRETE 
RESULTS. IN THIS REGARD, HE WELCOMED ANY INSIGHTS 
ABOUT THE SHULTZ MISSION. AMBASSADOR SAID HE HAD NOT 
RECEIVED ANY OFFICIAL REPORT, BUT IT WAS CLEAR THAT 



PAGE 03 TUNIS 02399 01 OF 02 041508Z 

NO ONE HAD REJECTED THE INITIATIVE AND EVERYONE, 
INCLUDING SYRIA, WAS ENCOURAGING CONTINUED AMERICAN 
ENGAGEMENT. THE SECRETARY'S CONSULTATIONS WITH THE 
PRESIDENT AND SUBSEQUENT RETURN TO THE REGION 
INDICATE THE SERIOUSNESS OF OUR EFFORT. KLIBI SAID 
THE SYRIANS HAD ALSO CONFIRMED THEIR INTEREST TO 
HIM. TO SUCCEED, HOWEVER, THE AMERICAN INITIATIVE 
REQUIRED A NEW ELEMENT WHICH HE PERSONALLY THOUGHT 
SHOULD BE U.S. ACCEPTANCE OF THE PALESTINIANS' RIGHT 
TO SELF-DETERMINATION. AMBASSADOR REPLIED THAT THE 
SECRETARY HAS MADE PARTICULAR EFFORTS VIS-A-VIS THE 
PALESTINIANS AND PROVIDED TEXT OF THE FEBRUARY 26 
STATEMENT AND MARCH 3 CBS INTERVIEW. KLIBI SAID HE 
HAD STUDIED THE FEBRUARY 26 STATEMENT AND FOUND IT 
MOST ADEPT. 

7. AMBASSADOR THEN TURNED CONVERSATION TO IRAN/ IRAQ 
WAR AND REVIEWED SITUATION IN THE UNSC PER REF B. HE 
MADE A STRONG PITCH FOR CONTINUED ARAB LEAGUE EFFORTS 
VIS-A-VIS BOTH THE SOVIETS AND ALGERIANS. WHILE THE 
ALGERIANS MAY ULTIMATELY SUPPORT A RESOLUTION, HE 
EMPHASIZED, WE HAVE NOT BEEN AWARE OF THEM EITHER 
EXPRESSING THAT SUPPORT OR LOBBYING OTHERS. KLIBI 
NOTED THIS POINT AND EXPRESSED APPRECIATION FOR 
HAVING IT BROUGHT TO HIS ATTENTION. THERE WAS ROOM 



Page 



- 2 




Date Printed: 11/14/1996 DOC.NUHBER: 88TnNIS02399 CHANNEI,: n/a 



FOR DOUBT- VIS-A-VIS THE SOVIETS, HE ACKNOWLEDGED. 
STILL HE BELIEVED THEY WOULD GO ALONG BASED ON 
ASSURANCES PREVIOUSLY GIVEN TO BAGHDAD AND RIYADH. 

8. AMBASSADOR NOTED, BEFORE DEPARTING, THAT TUNISIAN 
FOREIGN MINISTER MESTIRI IS PLANNING TO VISIT 
WASHINGTON MARCH 28 (COINCIDENT WITH ONE ARAB LEAGUE 



NNNN 



PAGE 01 
ACTION NEA-Il 



TUNIS 02399 02 OF 02 041508Z 



INFO LOG-GO COPY-01 ADS-00 INR-10 EUR-00 SS-00 AF-00 
CIAE-00 DODE-00 10-19 NSCE-00 NSAE-00 SSO-00 PM-10 
INRE-00 SP-02 C-01 SCT-02 P-02 T-01 /059 W 
056062 041550Z /48 45 

O 041506Z MAR 88 
FM AMEMBASSY TUNIS 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 47 07 
INFO ARAB LEAGUE COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE 
USUN SECURITY COUNCIL COLLECTIVE 
AMEMBASSY BAGHDAD 
AMEMBASSY BEIRUT 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 




SECTION 02 OF 02 TUNIS 02399 



E.O. 12356; DECL : OADR 
TAGS: PREL, AL, KPAL, TS 

SUBJECT: ARAB LEAGUE PEACE COMMITTEE: PROPOSED 



DATE) AND ALSO NOTED THAT ISRAEL PRIME MINISTER 
SHAMIR IS EXPECTED IN WASHINGTON MARCH 16. 

9. WE UNDERSTAND FROM BRITISH EMBASSY THAT ARAB 
LEAGUE DELEGATION IS PROPOSED FOR LONDON FOR PERIOD 
MARCH 14-16. IT WILL INCLUDE JORDANIANS, IRAQIS AND 



Page - 3 




Date Printed: 11/14/1996 



DOC. 




CHANNEL: n/a 



KLIBI HIMSELF. UK AMBASSADOR DECLINED ARAB LEAGUE 
INVITATION TO PROPOSE OTHER MEMBERS, I.E. PLO 
REPRESENTATIVE. (IN AN ASIDE, KLIBI NOTED LATTER 
MIGHT BE "AN AMERICAN PROFESSOR.") DELEGATION'S 
MISSION WAS DESCRIBED IN IDENTICAL TERMS {PARA 4 
ABOVE) . IN RESPONSE, UK AMBASSADOR EMPHASIZED THAT 
ARAB LEAGUE SHOULD PROCEED IN A WAY WHICH WILL KEEP 
U.S. INITIATIVE GOING AND AVOID SLAMMING ANY DOORS. 
SUBSEQUENTLY, BRITISH INFORM US THAT ARAB LEAGUE ALSO 
PROPOSED MARCH 14-16 FOR VISIT TO PARIS FOR WHICH 



TUNIS 02399 02 OF 02 041508Z 




PAGE 02 



DELEGATION WOULD ALSO INCLUDE PLC'S QADDUMI AND 
SYRIAN REPRESENTATIVE. 

10. ACTION REQUESTED: PLEASE ADVISE ACCEPTABILITY 
OF ARAB LEAGUE DELEGATION AS WELL AS ANY PARTICULAR 
VIEWS ON MEMBERSHIP AND TIMING. 



11. MINIMIZE CONSIDERED. 
PELLETREAU 



Page - 4 



HCTIOH ARU-U 

IHFO OCT-Ol *OS-00 CIAr-00 OOOE-00 Plf-07 M-Ol IHR-10 
NSAE>0« NSC-OS PA-OI SP-«2 SS-IS tCA-U 

---1«SS>2 U2tlSZ til 

R «%tm02 NOV t« 

«r Mtm^ssr cm^c^^departvent of state 

DECLASSIFY 

AHENBASSr SANTIAGO Ll o?^. .„„..espo„rr.; 



USCINCSO OUARRY HTS ™'a exemptions 

!S SnAirfrRt"* Exemptions 



MR Cases Only: 
EO Citations ' 



--^-^^-^^mm^mmm^ Caracas u«J7 



( > CLASSIFV as " — T-rr ^® auWwrttir to.' 

( ) DOWNGRADE TS to I j | 



C O li«€Sv 60S tW7/«€( LUERS, tllLllAH) QR-R 

TASSt PINS ASCC CU VE 

SittJlCTs n$l€tnLM/Ctl9S: OHMOO 90SCII 

1. C>CNTIRE TEXT. 

2. IN A CALL NOVEMBER 7 TO REVIEW A NUMBER OF SUBJECTS 
WITH VICE FORE 1 6H MINISTER PAEZ PUNAR, I ASKED ABOUT THE 
STATUS OF THE ORLANDO BOSCH CASE. 

3. PAEZ PUNAR« ON BOSCH, HAS STEADFASTLY TAKEN THE 
LINE THAT IT AL IS IN THE HANDS OF THE MILITARY COURT, 
THAT HE IS NOT FOLLOUINS IT CLOSELY, HE OBSERVED, HOMEVER, 
THAT THE MILITARY HIBH COURT IS TAKINB ITS TIME IN 
REVIEHING THE CONSIDERABLE BODY OF MATERIAL INVOLVED. 
<*PA6E BY PAGE*, HE SAID.) PAEZ PUMAR SAID HE UOULD 

NOT LIKE TO PREDICT MHEN THE DECISION TO RELEASE BOSCH 
UILL COME OUT BUT HE THINKS IT HILL NOT BE UNTIL THE 
YEAR*S END. (I ASKED HIM TO TRY TO LET US KNOM IN 
ADVANCE, IF AT ALL POSSIBLE). PAEZ PUMAR ALSO SAID THAT 
HE IS NOT AHARE OF ANY OFFERS FROM OTHER STATES TO 
ACCEPT BOSCH. THEY HAVE RAISED THE NATTER QUIETLY 



PAGE 02 



CARACA 10037 UZtOSZ 



WITH SOME IH THE SOUTHERN CONE AND GOTTEN NEGATIVE 




RESPONSES. 

«i. UHIH t ASREO If THEDE HAD BEEN HHt OE VELOPltENTS IN 

THE CUtAN-VENElUElAN RElATlOMSHtP, HE SAID NO. RELATIONS 

ARE HUCH THE SANE. AS HE HAD EKPECTEOv THE CUBANS 8EHAVE0 

QUITE PROPERLY AND CORRECTLY IN THE CASE THURSDAY 

<NOVENBER <) OF THE HIJACKED AVENSA AIRLINER (CARACAS 9940. 

NOTHIHfi HORE THAN THAT« HOlfEVER, 

LUERS 




PH7OO50- 0211. 




Department of State 



TELEGRAM 



PAG£ ill 



ACTION NOUS*eitf 



NODIS REVtEW 

* trsn^tarrpd to O/FADBC 

Ca, B-Trsr.sfermcitoO/FAURC 
with additional access 
contfollfifl by S« 
Cnt. C - Caot'on anO custody 
jjg retained by S'S 

Bflv'PWnd by: E!iiat«el!X Jr. 



inFo acT«ai Aos-0e /^ei w 



P 172l0bZ NOV S9 

Fn AM&MbASSr CARACAS 

To^aecsjATfewf asmoc p«iokity 4ua_ 



■022067 U2156Z /b2 



jn m m 



O m 5j 
m X m 
2 o r 

^ s S 



;»^^i|6|^|CA^ACAS U282 
NOOIS 



COPY G)f OF 20 COPIES 



E.O, 12065: 60S H/l7/6b (.LUEHS, wILLIAN h.) OR-f* 
TACiSi VE 

SUBJECTS CUdAl TALK WiTn DlSXP CHIEF UZCATACUI 



1. S-feNTIKE TtXT 



— § s 

zoo 

> o; (fl 
o; 0) 



2. UURINS ny pRxnAV UUNCH CNOV 14|vnITH RLribENTO OZCATAgUIf HEAQ,; 
OF OISIP, ME SAID, AS OTHERS mAvE j»iCfeNTl.Y» THAT UHLANOQ | 
BtiSCH PHOttAdWY xiOULD NOT UE RbLiiAbED FOh A nOhTH \)H Su nOHE, |' 
THEY ARE UOOKING FQii A DELAY IN THE IHELEA&E SO THAT ThEy | 
CAN OETlfRMlNE HQW TO uEAL MITh THtiR ^NbASSY IN HaVaNa ANt; o\ 
WITH THE 19 ASYLEES IN THAT EMBASSY, hE SAlU TMt 6DV IS h 
CONCEi^NEO TnE I^OHENT bOSCH IS REL&ASEU IHb CU6AN GOvEnNNEnT ^ 
WltU TA«,e SQHt ACTIONf fQSSlBuY InCLU^II^G PtRwITTING PEOPLE t. 
TO ENTEK THE t«bASSY aNu EVEN iNJuRlNij THt VENEZUELAN 
DIPLOMATS, NOT TO MENTION THE A5YLEES, hE SaIO THERE APE < 
STILU DIFFICULTIES AS TO wHlCh COUNTRY rtlbHT PROTECT VENEZUtLAN^ i 
INTERESTS. 

3. UZCATAGUI REVEALED, HOwEvER, A MORE IHFORTANT 
RtAsON, FROM His STANUPOInT, FOR THE OElAY. HE SAID 
THAT AMONG THE 19 ASYlEES IS ONE CUt)AN CITUEN kHO nAS 
BORn IN VENEZUELA, ME ALSO t>£Ll£VES ONE 0^ THE PRINCIPLE 
REASONS TnE ASYLEES HaVE NOT BEEN GlVEN^ SAFE COnOuCT oY 

THE Cuban government .4§nJ[E'^A'Js£|ipfirTHis one InOivioual. 






PAGE 01 



1S00J2Z 



ACTION 10-15 f-^ 

INFO OCT-Ol ^RA-12 ADS-00 HA-06 OCT-02 CIAE-00 OOOE-00 

PM-07 H-01 INR-IO L-03 NSAE-OO NSC-OS PA-OI 

SP-02 SS-IS ICA-li TBSE-^^ /091 U 



1. (U> CUBAN BITTERNESS HAS BEEN MANIFEST IN RECENT DAYS 
IN THE UNGA OVER THE SEPT. 26 ACQUITTAL BY THE VENElUELAN 
PERMANENT COUNCIL OF WAR OF ORLANDO BOSCH AND THREE OTHERS 
INDICTED IN THE BOMBING OF THE CUBANA AIRLINES PLANE IN 
1976. 

2. (U) A CUBAN MISSION NOTE (IN SPANISH) DATED OCT. 1, 
SIGNED BY PERMREP ROA CONTAINS THE TEXT OF FIDEL CASTRO'S 
SEPT. 27 PUBLIC STATEMENT HIGHLY CRITICAL OF THE TRIBUNAL'S 
DECISION AND THE VENEZUELAN GOVERNMENT. VENEZUELAN PERMREP 
NAVA-CARILLO RESPONDED TO THE CUBAN DOCUMENT IN A NOTE 
(SPANISH AND ENGLISH) DATED OCTOBER 9, WHICH CONTAINS THE 
TEXT OF A COMMUNIQUE ISSUED BY THE GOV ON SEPT. 28 IN SHARP 
RESPONSE TO THE CASTRO STATEMENT. BOTH DOCS WERE INFORMALLY 
CIRCULATED BY THE SYG AT THE REQUEST OF THE PERMREPS. 

3. (U) IN ADDITION, CUBAN VICE FOREIGN MINISTER VIERA 
BLASTED VENEZUELA OVER THE ISSUE IN HIS GENERAL DEBATE 
SPEf-CakgJjP^IHEJ^^^ ON OCTOBER 10. REFERRING TO THOSE IN 

cnNy'teM',r«fiil iLyl 

PAGE 92 USUN N 0M2S1 150032Z 



E. 0. 12065: CDS lO/m/86 (MOOSE-, G.) OR-P 
TAGS*. PORG, PEPR, UNGA, CU, VE 
Si/BJ£Cr: CUB^ft' VENEZUELAN DISPUTE 




LATIN AMERICA WHO "CLAIM TO BE DEFENDERS OF HUMAN BIGHTS 



WHILE THhnPllHG UNDER FOOT THE MEMORY OF BOLIVAR...." 
VIEBA SAID -THE INCONCEIVABLE ACTIONS OF THE VENEZUELAN 
AUTHORITIES CAN ONLY ENCOURAGE IN THE FUTURE THE 
CARRYING OUT OF NEM AND COWARDLY TERRORIST ACTS." 
NAVA-CARILLO CALMLY RESPONDED TO THESE REMARKS IN A RIGHT 
OF REPLY AT THE END OF THE MEETING, NOTING THAT THE 
PRESIDENT OF VENEZUELA DOES NOT HAVE THE POWER TO INTER- 
FERE WITH THE JUDICIARY, BE IT CIVIL OR MILITARY, 

14. (C) CUBAN PIQUE OVER THE VENEZUELAN ACTION MAS ALSO 

EVIDENT IN A RECENT CONVERSATION BETWEEN MISOFF AND 

FELIX PITA, THIRD-RANKING OFFICER OF THE CUBAN 

MISSION, IN WHICH PITA RAISED THE ISSUE OF BOSCH'S 

ACauiTTAL. PITA FOUND THE DECISION INCONCEIVABLE AND NOTED 

(AS 010 CASTRO) THAT THE VENEZUELAN PRESIDENT AS COMMANDcfl 

IN CHIEF OF THE ARMED FORCES HAS THE POWER TO DICTATE 

TO THE MILITARY COURT. PITA SAID THAT THE CUBAN GOVERNMENT 

HA- OBTAINED INFORMATION THAT BOSCH AND COMPANY WOULD 

BE SECRETLY SENT OFF TO CHILE FOLLOWING THE FINAL ACTION 

OF THE COURT. HE ADDED THAT PANAMANIAN LEADER OMAR 

TORRIJOS HAD BEEN TOLD BY HAVANA RECENTLY NOT TO BE 

SURPRISED IF CUBA TAKES ACTION "TO PROTECT ITS WOMEN AND 

CHILDREN- FROM THE LIKES OF BOSCH. 

MCHENRY 




SI 



ACTION SS>30 




AN'- "OBOOMSl -OBM 1 



'CARACA 08979 jf^.'^i 



INFO OCT-Ol AOS-00 SSO-00 <C>'|'^4 kt % 

loeiei Q92il!'i^fy45i^^;<^S^ 



P R 0820312 OCT 80 
f/f AMSMBASSr CARACAS 

TO secsrAie uashbc priori rr ssst 

INFO USINT HAVANA 



C 0 N f UiPaVaWfr" :i . CARACAS 8979 
EXOIS 



E.O. 12065: GDS 10/8/86 (LUERS, WILLIAM H.) OR 
TAGS: PINS, ASEC, VE 

subject: VENE2UELA/CUBA: ORLANDO BOSCH 
REF: STATE 262748 
1. C - ENTIRE TEXT 




2. DESIROUS OF KEEPING IN TOUCH MfTH THE' VENEZUELAN GOVERNMENT 
ON THE BOSCH CASE, I CALLED ON ACTING INTERIOR MINISTER 
ARISTIGUIETA ON OCTOBER 7. HE SAID THAT HE ST I L L ' ANT I C I PATEO 
THAT BOSCH WOULD PROBABLY BE RELEASED IN LESS THAN A MONTH. 
THEY ARE LOOKING INTO WHERE HE WILL GO AND EXPECT TO HAVE HIM 
DEPART CARACAS IMMEDIATELY ON BEING RELEASED; THEY INTEND 

TO CONSULT WITH HIM SOON TO FIND OUT IF HE HAS ANY OPTIONS 
OR PREFERENCES. ARISTIGUIETA SAID THAT HE HAS NO SPECIFIC 
INFORMATION BUT WOULD ANTICIPATE THAT FIDEL WOULD ATTEMPT 
SOME ACTION AGAINST BOSCH. VENEZUELA, THEREFORE, WANTS BOSCH 
OUT OF THE COUNTRY IMMEDIATELY ON HIS RELEASE, 

3. ARISTIGUIETA ALSO SPECULATED ON THE T\?IS OF 
ACTIVITIES THE GOV MIGHT EXPECT FROM CUBA IN THE WAKE 
OF DRAMATIC, DETERIORATION IN RELATIONS. HE SAID THEY 
ARE D.OUBL ING.„T.JHEIR SECURITY ON VIASA AND OTHER AIRLINES 

PAGE 02 CARACA 08979 062106Z 



AND ARE OBVIOUSLY CONCERNED ABOUT THREATS AGAINST 



GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS IN VENEZUELA. THEY, FRANKLY, EXPECT 
THE HOST LIKELY TARGET MOULD BE BOSCH HIMSELF. 



C /^RISn'GUlETA ASSURED HE THAT HE MOULD INFORM ME 
OFFICIALLY OR SEM I - OFF I C I ALL Y IN ADVANCE OF BOSCH'S 
DEPARTURE AND MOULD TRY, TO GIVE ME AS MUCH INFORMATION 
AS HE COULD ON BOSCH'S TRAVEL PLANS, 
LUERS 




P^GE 01 
ORI&IN SS-30 



STATE 2£27He 
OCT-00 ADS-00 SSO-00 /030 R 



INFO 
* 

DRAFTED BY ARA/ SC : PO ITNEY : L S 
APPROVED BY ARA:SDEATON 
ARA/SC:RESERVICE 
S/S-0:OSANDBERG 

058326 o^o^^^2 /fifi 

0 P 0123392 OCT «0 

FM SECSTATF HASHOC 

TO A/tBHBASSr SANTIAGO INHEDIATE 

INFO AMEMBASSY -CARACAS PHIORnY 

^jj^j^ 2627H8 



C 0 N T ' 



EXDIS 

E.G. 120£!r: GOS 10/1/B6 (EATON, S'. 0.) 
TAGS-.PINS, ASEC, VE, CI 
SUBJECT i OPLANOO BOSCH CASE 

REF': SANTIAGO 5965 
1 . C - ENTIRE TEXT. 

2. WE AGREE THAT HIS PRESEHCE IN CHILE MIGHT RAISE 
PROBLEMS. HOWEVER, WE HAVE NO BETTER ALTERNATIVE DESTINA- 
TION IN MIND AND WE DO NOT WANT HIM HERE. CONSEQUENTLY, 
WE .aELIEV.E ,IT,-,BEST TO LET THE "CARD" FALL WHERE HE MAY. CHRISTOPk 




DEPARTMENT OF STATE 



DEf.i 



fV) RELEASE (x/) DECLASSIFY 
( ) EXCISE ( ) DECLASSIFY 

( ) DENY IN PART 

( ) DELETE Non -Responsive Info 

FOIA tsemptiana 

PA Exemptions — 



'j b_ 



MR Cases Only: 
EO Citations^ 



T3 autnortty. Ml 

( ) CLASSIFY as ( ) S or 

( J DOWNGRADE T8 *» ( ) 8 Ot 



UNCLASSIFIED 



UNCLASSIFIED 



PAGE 01 
ACTION ARA>U 



CARACA 00691 on?3MZ 



INFO OCT-01 
H-02 INR-10 
SS-15 iCA-rs 



AOS-00 HA-06 
L-03 NSAE-00 
OCT-02 S5r-05 

05M359 01 15552 

P J020J9Z SEP 80 

FAf Afl^/fBASSr CARACAS 

TO secsrAn mashdc pfnoRirr jsjo 

INFO AMB/tBASSr ASUNCION 
AftEMBASSr BRIDGETOWN 
AMEMBASSr BOGOTA 



10-15 CIAE-00 OODE-00 
NSC-05 P.A-02 SP-02 
S^E-OO /I06 M 
/SO 



PM-07 



Of 



AMEHBASSy BUENOS AIRES 
AMEHBASSY PANAMA r / "^te^^ 

AMEMBASSy PORT OF SPA INO/gj^'*/^ 
AMEMBASSy SANTIAGO ^oL'^^^^. 
AHEMBASSy SAN JOSE '-v.^ 
AMEMBASSy SANTO DOMINGO Jj" 
USINT HAVANA 
USCINCSO QUARRY HTS 

UNCLAS CARACAS «£91 



E.G. 12065-. N/A 
TAGS: PINS ASEC CU VE 

SUBJ: NBH DEvnOPMENTS IN THE BOSCH CASE 



REF: (A) CARACAS 8511 <B) CARACAS BfiU 

1. IN A NEW WRINKLE TO AN ALREADY COMPLICATED AFFAIR VENEZUELAN 
JOURNALIST ALICIA HERRERA, WHO DISAPPEARED FROM VENEZUELA IN APS 
WITH HER CUBAN HUSBAND RAIMUNOO URRECHAGA, RESURFACED IN MEXICO 
SUNDAY MAKING CHARGES OF VENEZUELAN GOVERNMENT SUPPRESSION 
OF EVIDENCE IN THE PARDONING OF ORLANDO BOSCH AND FRIENDS FOR 
THE 1976 CUBANA AIRLINES BOMBING INCIDENT. HERRERA WAS DIRECTOR 
OF TWO WOMEN'S MAGAZINES IN VENEZUELA. -PAGINAS" AND "KENA". 
AFTER LEAVING VENEZUELA, SHE ALLEGEDLY HADE HER WAY TO MEXICO 
UNCLASSIFIED 
UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 CARACA 0B691. OllSJMZ 



VIA COLOMBIA AND MIAMI, MAKING CONTACT WITH THE CUBAN EMBASSY 



UNCLASSIFIED 



IN MEXICO CITY AND VISITING CUBA SEVERAL TIMES. 

2. HERRERA HAS CHARGED THAT THE VENEZUELAN GOVERNHNET ALTERED 
EVIDENCE AGAINST THE ACCUSED TO FACILITATE THEIR PARDON, WITH 
FULL KNOHLEOGE OF THEIR GUILT. IN ADDITION, HERRERA CLAIMS 
THAT ORLANDO BOSCH AND LUIS POSADA CARRILES ADMITTED 
TO HER THAT THEY AUTHORED THE 1976 BOMBING. SHE CHARGED THAT ALL 
FOUR HERE RECEIVING MONTHLy SALARIES FROM $500 TO $2,000 FROM 
THE VENEZUELAN GOVERNMENT. 

J, VENEZUELAN OFFICIALS QUICKLr DENIED THE CHARGES. DISIP 
DIRECTOR REMBERTO UZCATEGUI, AFTER CONSULTING HITH MINISTER OF 
INTERIOR RAFAEL MONTES DE OCA. SAID THAT THE VENEZUELAN G0VERNMEN1 
HAS KNOWN FOR "A LONG TIME- THAT HERRERA IS A CUBAN SPy, 
ALTHOUGH SHE NEVER COMMITTED A CRIME AGAINST VENEZUELA. 
UZCATEGUI SAID HERRERA «AS REPEATING HHAT HER CUBAN BOSSES KANT HE 
TO SAy AND AOaED THAT VENEZUELA WAS STUDYING THE POSSIBILITY 
OF TRYING HERRERA FOR TREASON. MONTES DE OCA CATEGORICALLY DENIED 
THE CHARGES OF MUNIPULATION OF EVIDENCE IN THE BOSCH CASE. 

4. MEANTIME DIARIO DE CARACAS REPORTS, SEPTEMBER 30, THAT THE 
GOV IS STUDYING THE POSSIBILITY OF KITHORAWINCJ ITS PERSONNEL 
FROM THE MISSION IN HAVANA. A STICKING POINT, BASED ON COMMENTS 
BY LEOPOLDO CASTILLO, SECRETARY OF THE FOREIGN MINISTRY'S 
ADVISORY COMMISSION, IS FINDING A THIRD COUNTRY IN CUBA TO 
REPRESENT VENEZUELAN INTERESTS AND PSO TO ASSUME RESPONSIBILITY 

WITH CUBAN APPROVAL-- FOR THE NINETEEN ASYLEES PRESENTLY 
IN THE VENEZUELAN MISSION. 
LUERS 



UNCLASSIF lED 



UNCL/(SSIFIEO 




■PAGE 01 
ACTION SS-30 



SANTIA 0S9£5' 29200SZ 



INFO OCT-Ol ADS-00 ■ SSO-00 /OJl- H 

-- 03BT5S 2920062 /6M 

0 P 2919M62 SEP BO 

Fff AMeMBASSr SANTIAGO 

TO SFCSTATS MASHDC IMHEDIATE dHSH 

l/tFO AfiettBA$Sr CARACAS PRIORI Tr 



EXDIS 



UiiLAdoinm 



1 A -k SANTIAGO S965 



AN*. 0B00M£^-0713 



42. 



DECAPTTONED 



E.O. 12065: XGOS-l 9/29/95 (LANDAU, GEORGE W.) OR-M 
TAGS: PINS ASEC VE CI 
SUBJ: ORLANOO BOSCH CASS 

REF: (A) STATE 2M70M9; (8) CARACAS 8511 AND PREVIOUS 

1 . C - ENTIRE TEXT. 

2, NOH THAT THE VENEZUELAN MILITARY COURT OF FIRST 
INSTANCE HAS MADE PUBLIC ITS DECISION TO DROP THE CHARGES- 
AGAINST BOSCH, THE REST OF THE SCENARIO FORECAST BY 

REF; B WILL EVIDENTLY LEAD TO BOSCH'S RELEASE FAIRLY SOON. 
SEEN FROM HERE, THE NEXT MAJOR QUESTION IS WHERE HE GOES 
FROM CARACAS, WE ARE AWARE FROM REF. A THAT ONE POSSIBLE 
DESTINATION IS CHILE, A PROSPECT WHICH HAS OMINOUS 
IMPLICATIONS FOR SECURITY AS WELL AS POLITICAL INTERESTS. 



3. BEFORE THERE IS PUBLIC SPECULATION HERE ABOUT WHERE 
BOSCH GOES, IT COULD BE USEFUL TO POINT OUT PRIVATELY TO 
A FEW APPROPRIATE CHILEAN OFFICIALS THAT HIS PRESENCE 
HERE WOULD RAISE PROBLEMS THEY MIGHT WISH TO AVOID. 
THERE IS NO GUARANTEE THAT THEY WILL NOTT DECIDE TO 
LET HIM IN ANYWAY, BUT IT SEEMS WORTH TRYING, UNLESS 
THE„pEPARTMENT HAS NO SETTER ALTERNATIVE DESTINATION 



PAGE 



IN MIND. 




Ef ARTMENT OF STATE 

< ) DENY IN PART 

( ) DELETE Non- Responsive Info 

FOIA Exemptions^ 

PA Exemptions 



MR Cases Only: 
EO Citations^ 



T8 authortiy tOl 

( ) CLASSIFY as ( ) 8 Of 

( 1 DOWNGRADE T8 to ( ) 8 OC 



b8«WiUr11UUbll ILyl 

M, PLEASE LET ME KNOW QUICKLY, 8EF0RE THE GOC IS FACED 

WITH THE ISSUE PUBLICLV. 

LANDAU 



IN^PI'PENirrA^ffl 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 



DOC 




CHANNEL: n/a 



PAGE 01 KUALA 03597 250900Z 

ACTION NEA-11 



(a- 



INFO 



LOG- GO 

NSAE-00 

DS-01 



ADS-00 
EAP-00 
DSE-00 



INR-10 
PA- 01 
SOT- 02 



SS-00 
INRE-00 
/028 W 
057166 



CIAE-00 
USIE-00 



DODE-00 
SP-02 



251912Z /41 



R 250858Z APR 88 
FM AMEMBASSY KUALA LUMPUR 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 9978 
INFO AMEMBASSY SINGAPORE 
AMEMBASSY JAKARTA 
AMEMBASSY BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN 

KUALA LUMPUR 03597 

E.G. 12356: DECL : GADR 
TAGS: PREL, PTER, MY 

SUBJECT: MAHATHIR COMMENTS ON ABU JIHAD ASSASSINATION 



REF: 



KL 3558 



2 . MALAYSIAN PRIME MINISTER MAHATHIR WAS QUOTED IN 
THE APRIL 2 3 EDITIONS OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE NEW 
STRAITS TIMES AND STAR NEWSPAPERS AS CONDEMNING THE 
ASSASSINATION OF PLO LEADER ABU JIHAD (KHALID 
AL-WAZIR) AS A "CRUEL" ACT OF TERRORISM. A SIMILAR 
STORY APPEARED IN THE APRIL 24 VERSION OF THE MALAY 
LANGUAGE MINGGUAN MALAYSIA. ACCORDING TO THESE 
ACCOUNTS, MAHATHIR ADDED THAT WHILE ISRAEL HAD BEEN 
THE "MASTERMIND," ISRAEL'S "ALLIES" HAD PROBABLY 
ASSISTED IN PLANNING OR CARRYING OUT THE ATTACK. THE 
PRIME MINISTER SAID THAT, "THESE ALLIES OFTEN 
CONDEMNED TERRORISM BUT THEY NOW SIDED WITH A POWER 
THAT RESORTED TO THIS PRACTICE WHEN THEY HELPED KILL 
ABU JIHAD. " 



KUALA 03597 . 250900Z 




NSCE-00 
PRS-01 



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PAGE 02 



3 . THE STORIES ALSO NOTE THAT MAHATHIR CITED THE 
IRAN- IRAQ WAR, THE RECENT KUWAITI HIJACKING, AND OTHER 
VIOLENT INCIDENTS IN THE MUSLIM WORLD AS EVIDENCE THAT 
MANY MUSLIMS DID NOT FOLLOW THE TEACHINGS OF ISLAM 
CLOSELY. HE CALLED UPON MUSLIMS IN MALAYSIA TO UNITE 
SO THAT WHATEVER MISUNDERSTANDINGS OCCURRED WITHIN THE 
COUNTRY COULD BE RESOLVED AMICABLY, 

\mm m\m\ 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 




CHANNEL: n/a 



4. COMMENT. THE PRIME MINISTER'S REMARKS REPORTEDLY 
TOOK PLACE DURING A BREAKING OF FAST RECEPTION HELD AT 
A MOSQUE IN HIS HOME STATE OF KEDAH, FOLLOWING THE 
APPEARANCE IN LOCAL NEWSPAPERS OF A WIRE SERVICE 

REPORT LINKING THE U.S. TO THE ABU JIHAD 
ASSASSINATION, THE AMBASSADOR ON APRIL 20 PASSED 
DEPARTMENT SPOKESMAN'S STATEMENT DENYING U.S. 
INVOLVEMENT IN THE KILLING TO MFA ACTING SECRETARY 
GENERAL RAZALI ISMAIL (REFTEL) ; RAZALI EXPRESSED 
APPRECIATION FOR THE CLARIFICATION. 
MONJO 




NNNN 



*** Current Handling Restrictions *** 
*** Current Classification *** ^■■1 





Page - 2 



3ate Printed: 11/14/1996 



UNCUSSIFZED 
DOCNtniBER: 88STATE125800 



CHANNEL: n/i 



UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 01 STATE 125800 TOSEC 090100 
ORIGIN SS-00 

INFO LOG-00 ADS-00 SSO-00 CCO-00 /OOO R 

DRAFTED BY: PA/PC/SPS: JBEDDOW 
APPROVED BY: PA: JO 'NEIL 
S/S-0:CHUGGINS 



-162142 210230Z /65 



O 210208Z APR 88 ZFF6 
FM SECSTATE WASHDC 

TO USDEL SECRETARY IMMEDIATE 

UNCLAS STATE 125800 TOSEC 090100 

PLEASE PASS TO CHARLES REDMAN 

E.O. 12356: N/A 
TAGS: SOPN 

SUBJECT: HIGHLIGHTS OF EVENING TV NEWSCASTS, WEDNESDAY 4/20 
A. ABC'S WORLD NEWS TONIGHT 

1. HIJACKING AFTERMATH - HOSTAGES FROM THE KUWAITI 
AIRCRAFT HAVE IDENTIFIED ONE OP THEIR HIJACKERS AS HASSAN 
IZZ-AL-DIN, A LEBANESE MEMBER OF HEZBOLLAH. XZZ-AL-DIN 
MAY HAVE PULLED THE TRIGGER ON THE GUN THAT KILLED U.S. 
NAVY DIVER ROBERT STEDHAM DURING THE HIJACKING OF TWA 
FLIGHT 847. THE U.S. HAS HAD A WARRANT OUT FOR HIS 
ARREST SINCE 1985. (SECRETARY OF STATE SHULTZ ; "THESE 
PEOPLE WERE NOT ONLY HIJACKERS, THEY ARE ALSO MURDERERS. 
LET'S NOT FORGET THAT.") THE U.S. IS FURIOUS THAT 
IZZ-AL-DIN AND HIS ACCOMPLICES APPEAR TO HAVE GOTTEN 
AWAY. AND, ALTHOUGH ONLY ONE U.S. CITIZEN WAS ON BOARD 
THE KUWAITI JET, THE STATE DEPARTMENT SAID IT WILL TRY TO 
PUNISH THE HIJACKERS. (PHYLLIS OAKLEY: "WE WILL NOT 
REST IN OUR EFFORTS TO BRING THEM TO JUSTICE WHEREVER 
THEY ARE.") IF THE HIJACKERS HAVE INDEED PLED TO IRAN, 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 



5 ' 
loo 



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Of 
<5 
(n z 



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to cn cc 

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PAGE 02 



STATE 125800 TOSEC 090100 



LEBANON, OR LIBYA, THE CHANCES OF THE U.S. GETTING ITS 
HANDS ON THEM ARE SLIM. THE HIJACKERS' FAILURE TO WIN 
THE RELEASE OF THE KUWAITI PRISONERS AND THE FACT THAT 
THEY APPEAR TO HAVE GOTTEN OFF SCOT-FREE HAS AMERICAN 
OFFICIALS WORRIED THAT IT'S JUST A MATTER OF TIME BEFORE 
THEY HIJACK AGAIN. (JEANNE MESERVE - STATE DEPARTMENT) 



2. PERSIAN GULF - AS TO WHETHER IRAN USED CHINESE 
SILKWORM MISSILES AGAINST AMERICAN FORCES IN THE PERSIAN 



Page - 1 



> • nUClASSIPIED 
3ate Printed: 11/14/1996 I>OC_NUHBER: 88STATE125800 CHANNEL: n/a 



GULF, INTELLIGENCE SOURCES TELL ABC THAT AERIAL PHOTOS 
TAKEN OF THE SILKWORM LOCATIONS ALONG THE GULF OFFER NO 
EVIDENCE THAT ANY SILKWORM WAS FIRED. (PETER JENNINGS) 

3. ABU JIHAD - IN DAMASCUS TODAY, ABU JIHAD WAS GIVEN A 
VERY POLITICAL FUNERAL. (PETER JENNINGS) 

IF ANYONE THOUGHT THE DEATH OF ABU JIHAD WOULD WEAKEN THE 
PALESTINIAN MOVEMENT, THEY WERE WRONG --ON THIS DAY, AT 
LEAST. PALESTINIANS OF ALL FACTIONS CAME TOGETHER IN A 
RARE SHOW OP SOLIDARITY. BUT THERE WAS ONE GLARING 
EXCEPTION — PLO CHAIRMAN YASIR ARAFAT. HIS FRIENDSHIP 
WITH ABU JIHAD WAS OVERSHADOWED BY HIS FIVE-YEAR FEUD 
WITH SYRIAN PRESIDENT ASSAD. (DON KLADSTRUP - DAMASCUS) 

FOR THE ISRAELIS, THE KILLING OF ABU JIHAD HAD A- DOUBLE 
OBJECTIVE. FIRST, TO ELIMINATE THE MAN WHO WAS INVOLVED 
IN COORDINATING AND FUNDING THE UPRISINGS IN THE OCCUPIED 
TERRITORIES. SECOND, TO REAFFIRM THE REPUTATION OF THE 
ISRAELI MILITARY AND SECURITY FORCES, TARNISHED BY ACTION 
IN THE OCCUPIED TERRITORIES. BUT THE KILLING OF ABU 
JIHAD MAY HAVE NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES FOR ISRAEL, AS 
WELL. HE IS NOW A MARTYR, AND HIS DEATH ALREADY HAS 
FUELED UPRISINGS IN THE OCCUPIED TERRITORIES. AND EVEN 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 STATE 125800 TOSEC 090100 

IP ISRAEL SAW ABU JIHAD AS A TERRORIST, OTHERS SAW HIM AS 
A MODERATE WHO WAS WILLING AND CAPABLE OF NEGOTIATING 
WITH ISRAEL. AS ABU JIHAD'S BODY LEFT TUNISIA YESTERDAY, 
PLO LEADER YASIR ARAFAT PROMISED THAT HIS DEATH WOULD BE 
AVENGED. INFORMATION FROM TOP PLO OFFICIALS INDICATES 
THAT REVENGE IS ALREADY BEING PLANNED. (PIERRE SALINGER 
- LONDON) 

B. CBS EVENING NEWS 

1. HIJACKING AFTERMATH - U.S. OFFICIALS SAID THAT THEY 
WERE UPSET THAT THE HIJACKERS APPARENTLY WILL GO 
SCOT-FREE. (DAN RATHER) 

EVEN AS A SENSE OF RELIEF FLOWED THROUGH KUWAIT, 
QUESTIONS WERE BEING ASKED ABOUT JUST WHAT DEAL HAD BEEN 
MADE. AN OFFICIAL STATEMENT SAID THE 17 TERRORIST 
PRISONERS HELD HERE WOULD NOT BE RELEASED, AS THE 
HIJACKERS WANTED, THOUGH NOT EVERYONE AGREED THE 
HIJACKERS SHOULD BE LET GO. THERE WAS ADMIRATION FOR THE 
KUWAITIS' STANCE AROUND THE WORLD. BUT THERE WERE 
RESERVATIONS, TOO. (SECRETARY SHULTZ : "THESE PEOPLE 
WERE NOT ONLY HIJACKERS, THEY ARE ALSO MURDERERS. LET'S 
NOT FORGET THAT.") THE MEMBERS OF KUWAIT'S RULING FAMILY 
WERE DECLARING VICTORY AS THEY CELEBRATED TONIGHT. STILL 



Page - 2 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 



DNCLASSIFIED 
DOC_NUHBER: 88STATE125800 



CHANNEL: n/a 



CELEBRATING TONIGHT, KUWAIT BELIEVES IT HAS TAUGHT THE 
WORLD A LESSON ON HOW TO DEAL WITH TERRORISTS. BUT THIS 
IS A LIMITED VICTORY WITH THE HIJACKERS GOING FREE. THIS 
SMALL, V 



*** Current Handling Restrictions *** n/a 
*** Current Classification *** UNCLASSIFIED 



Page - 3 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 DOC_l* 








KL131 CHANNEL: r 


t/a 




iU 





PAGE 01 
ACTION 10-19 

INFO LOG- 00 
CIAE-00 
SSO-00 
USIE-00 



USUN N 01131 202306Z 



ADS-00 
DODE-00 
L-03 
SP-02 



INR-10 
MSC-01 
PM-10 
C-01 



EUR- 00 
NEA-06 
EAP-00 
SCT-02 



SS-00 OIC-02 

NSCE-00 ARA-00 

PA-01 SIL-01 

P-02 T-01 



202315Z /64 



153306 

O 202303Z APR 88 ZFF4 

FM USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC NIACT IMMEDIATE 5425 

INFO AMEMBASSY TUNIS NIACT IMMEDIATE 

UN SECURITY COUNCIL COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE 

ARAB/ISRAELI COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE 

USUN NEW YORK 01131 



BUENOS AIRES PLEASE PASS TO AMBASSADOR WALTERS 
DEPARTMENT PLEASE PASS TO SECRETARY'S PARTY 
DEPARTMENT PLEASE PASS TO WHITE HOUSE FOR COLIN POWELL 



E.O. 12356: DECL:OADR 
TAGS: PREL, UNSC, TU, KPLO 
SUBJECT: SECURITY COUNCIL: 
COMPLAINT 



STATUS OF ACTION ON TUNISIAN 



1. (U) SCHEDULE: THE SECURITY COUNCIL WILL MEET APRIL 
21 AT 11:00 A.M. AND AGAIN THE MORNING OF APRIL 22 IN 
RESPONSE TO TUNISIAN REQUEST. LIST OF SPEAKERS AS OF COB 
APRIL 20 IS AS FOLLOWS: TUNISIA, PLO, SYRIA, JORDAN, 
ARRAB LEAGUE, MOROCCO, AND KUWAIT, 

2. DRAFT RESOLUTION: AS OF COB APRIL 20 TUNISIAN 
DELEGATION HAS NOT CIRCULATED ANY TEXT. DURING SECURITY 
COUNCIL CONSULTATIONS APRIL 20, FRG PERMREP SAID THAT HIS 
GOVERNMENT WOULD NOT BE ABLE TO SUPPORT A RESOLUTION 
POINTING THE FINGER AT ISRAEL FOR ABU JIHAD'S 
ASSASSINATION BASED ON THE EVIDENCE ALREADY AVAILABLE. 



USUN N 01131 202306Z 





AF-00 
NSAE-00 
INRE-00 
/061 W 



O 2 
LU X LU 

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Ul . 



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CO CO < 

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PAGE 02 



THE UK HAS ALREADY GIVEN SIMILAR ADVICE TO THE TUNISIAN 
MISSION. FRENCH MISSION HAS CAREFULLY KEPT ITS OWN 
COUNSEL CONCERNING THE POSITION IT WOULD TAKE IF THE 
DRAFT TO BE PRESENTED BY TUNISIA POINTS THE FINGER AT 
ISRAEL. HOWEVER, FRENCH HAVE TOLD US THAT THEY ARE 
ANNOYED BY THE REFERENCE TO ISRAEL IN THE STATEMENT BY 
THE SECRETARY-GENERAL (PARA 4) . 

3. OTHER POSITIONS: SOVIET MISSION POLCOUNS TOLD 



Page - 




Date Printed: 11/14/1996 



CHANNEL: n/a 



USUN MISSOFF THAT SOVIET UNION WAS ADEQUATELY SATISFIED 
WITH THE EVIDENCE TO CONCLUDE THAT ISRAEL WAS RESPONSIBLE 
FOR THE KILLING OF ABU JIHAD. IN RESPONSE TO A QUESTION 
FROM MISSOFF, HE SAID THAT SOVIET UNION WOULD NOT BE 
PRESENTING ANY EVIDENCE OF ITS OWN TO THE COUNCIL. 
ISRAELI MISSION HAS BEEN INSTRUCTED NOT TO PARTICIPATE AT 
ALL IN MEETINGS ON THIS SUBJECT. 



4. (U) AT NOON BRIEFING APRIL 20 THE SPOKESMAN FOR THE 
SECRETARY-GENERAL RELEASED THE FOLLOWING STATEMENT ON THE 
SYG'S BEHALF: 

"THE SECRETARY-GENERAL HAS BEEN INFORMED IN EUROPE OF THE 
LETTER FROM THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF TUNISIA TO 
THE PRESIDENT OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL REQUESTING AN 

URGENT MEETING OF THE COUNCIL AND CONVEYING THE 
PRELIMINARY RESULTS OF AN INVESTIGATION CARRIED OUT BY 
THE TUNISIAN AUTHORITIES INTO THE CIRCUMSTANCES ATTENDING 
THE ASSASSINATION OF MR. KHALID AL-WAZIR (ABU JIHAD) . 
THE SECRETARY-GENERAL IS VERY CONCERNED AT WHAT APPEARS 
TO BE EVIDENCE OF A FURTHER INFRINGEMENT BY ISRAEL OF THE 
SOVEREIGNTY AND TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY OF TUNISIA. HE 
RECALLS THAT, IN RESOLUTION 573 (1985), THE SECURITY 
COUNCIL, INTER ALIA, VIGOROUSLY CONDEMNED AN EARLIER ACT 




PAGE 03 USUN N 01131 202306Z 



OF ARMED AGGRESSION BY ISRAEL AGAINST TUNISIAN 
TERRITORY. THE SECRETARY -GENERAL HAS CONSISTENTLY 
EXPRESSED HIS CONDEMNATION OF ACTS OF ASSASSINATION. " 
END TEXT. 
OKUN 

■ NOTE BY OC/T: NOT PASSED TO SECRETARY'S PARTY 



Page - 2 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 




5665 



CHANNEL: 



PAGE 01 STATE 125665 TOSEC 090088 

ORIGIN SS-00 

INFO LOG-GO ADS-00 SSO-00 AMAD-01 CCO-00 /OOl R 
66011 

DRAFTED BY S/S-0: BPETERSON 
APPROVED BY S/S-O: CHUGGINS' 



-155527 210004Z /38 



O 202355Z APR 88 ZFF5 
FM SEC STATE WASHDC 

INFO USDEL SECRETARY NIACT IMMEDIATE 

5TATE 125665 TOSEC 090088 

FOLLOWING USUN NEW YORK 01131 DTG APR 20 SENT ACTION SECSTATE 
INFO TUNIS UN SECURITY COUNCIL COLL ARAB/ ISRAELI COLL BEING 
REPEATED FOR YOUR INFORMATION 



QUOTE 



USUN NEW YORK 01131 



BUENOS AIRES PLEASE PASS TO AMBASSADOR WALTERS 
DEPARTMENT PLEASE PASS TO SECRETARY'S PARTY 
DEPARTMENT PLEASE PASS TO WHITE HOUSE FOR COLIN POWELL 



E.O. 12356: DECL:OADR 
TAGS: PREL, UNSC, TU, KPLO 
SUBJECT: SECURITY COUNCIL: 
COMPIaAINT 



STATUS OF ACTION ON TUNISIAN 



1. (U) SCHEDULE: THE SECURITY COUNCIL WILL MEET APRIL 
21 AT 11:00 A.M. AND AGAIN THE MORNING OF APRIL 22 IN 
RESPONSE TO TUNISIAN REQUEST. LIST OF SPEAKERS AS OF COB 
APRIL 20 IS AS FOLLOWS: TUNISIA, PLO, SYRIA, JORDAN, 
ARRAB LEAGUE, MOROCCO, AND KUWAIT. 



STATE 125665 TOSEC 090088 




PAGE 02 



2. ^Ulir DRAFT RESOLUTION: AS OF COB APRIL 20 TUNISIAN 
DELEGATION HAS NOT CIRCULATED ANY TEXT. DURING SECURITY 
COUNCIL CONSULTATIONS APRIL 20, FRG PEEMREP SAID THAT HIS 
GOVERNMENT WOULD NOT BE ABLE TO SUPPORT A RESOLUTION 
POINTING THE FINGER AT ISRAEL FOR ABU JIHAD'S 
ASSASSINATION BASED ON THE EVIDENCE ALREADY AVAILABLE. 
THE UK HAS ALREADY GIVEN SIMILAR ADVICE TO THE TUNISIAN 
MISSION. FRENCH MISSION HAS CAREFULLY KEPT ITS OWN 
COUNSEL CONCERNING THE POSITION IT WOULD TAKE IF THE 

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Printed: 11/14/1996 DOC_IldHBBRn<88'STA7E^5665 CHANNEL: n/a 



DRAFT TO BE PRESENTED BY TUNISIA POINTS THE FINGER AT 
ISRAEL. HOWEVER, FRENCH HAVE TOLD US THAT THEY ARE 
ANNOYED BY THE REFERENCE TO ISRAEL IN THE STATEMENT BY 
THE SECRETARY-GENERAL (PARA 4) . 

3. OTHER POSITIONS: SOVIET MISSION POLCOUNS TOLD 

USUM MISSOFF THAT SOVIET UNION WAS ADEQUATELY SATISFIED 
WITH THE EVIDENCE TO CONCLUDE THAT ISRAEL WAS RESPONSIBLE 
FOR THE KILLING OF ABU JIHAD. IN RESPONSE TO A QUESTION 
FROM MISSOFF, HE SAID THAT SOVIET UNION WOULD NOT BE 
PRESENTING ANY EVIDENCE OF ITS OWN TO THE COUNCIL. 
ISRAELI MISSION HAS BEEN INSTRUCTED NOT TO PARTICIPATE AT 
ALL IN MEETINGS ON THIS SUBJECT. 



4. (U) AT NOON BRIEFING APRIL 20 THE SPOKESMAN FOR THE 
SECRETARY -GENERAL RELEASED THE FOLLOWING STATEMENT ON THE 
SYG'S BEHALF: 



"THE SECRETARY-GENERAL HAS BEEN INFORMED IN EUROPE OF THE 
LETTER FROM THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF TUNISIA TO 
THE PRESIDENT OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL REQUESTING AN 
URGENT MEETING OF THE COUNCIL AND CONVEYING THE 
PRELIMINARY RESULTS OF AN INVESTIGATION CARRIED OUT BY 
THE TUNISIAN AUTHORITIES INTO THE CIRCUMSTANCES ATTENDING 




PAGE 03 STATE 125665 TOSEC 090088 

THE ASSASSINATION OF MR. KHALID AL-WAZIR (ABU JIHAD) . 
THE SECRETARY-GENERAL IS VERY CONCERNED AT WHAT APPEARS 
TO BE EVIDENCE OF A FURTHER INFRINGEMENT BY ISRAEL OF THE 

SOVEREIGNTY AND TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY OF TUNISIA. HE 
RECALLS THAT, IN RESOLUTION 573 (1985), THE SECURITY 
COUNCIL, INTER ALIA, VIGOROUSLY CONDEMNED AN EARLIER ACT 
OF ARMED AGGRESSION BY ISRAEL AGAINST TUNISIAN 
TERRITORY, THE SECRETARY-GENERAL HAS CONSISTENTLY 
EXPRESSED HIS CONDEMNATION OF ACTS OF ASSASSINATION." 
END TEXT. 
OKUN 

UNQUOTE WHITEHEAD 



mmE 



Page - 2 




INFO LOG-00 ADS-00 /Oil R 



66011 

DRAFTED BY : NEA/AFN : MACASEY 
APPROVED BY : NEA/AFN : MACASEY 
NEA/IAI: JHIRSCH 



-104040 200827Z /38 



R 200635Z APR 88 
FM SECSTATE WASHDC 
INFO AMEMBASSY TUNIS 



'STATE 124234 



FOLLOWING TEL AVIV 573 2 DTD 18 APR SENT ACTION SECSTATE 
INFO ARAB ISARELI COLLECTIVE BEING REPEATED FOR UR INFO: 



QUOTE u 



•TEL AVIV 05732 



E.O. 123 56: DECL : OADR 

TAGS: PHUM, PBTS, KPAL, PREL, IS 

SUBJECT: THE KILLING OF ABU JIHAD: 



WHODUNIT? 



2. (SUMMARY) DESPITE OFFICIAL DISCLAIMERS OF 
RESPONSIBILITY, HARDLY ANYONE IN ISRAEL TODAY DOUBTS 
THAT THE ISRAELIS KILLED ABU JIHAD ON APRIL 16 IN 
TUNIS. THOSE WHO WOULD KNOW JUST AREN'T SAYING MUCH, 
IF ANYTHING. THOSE WHO DON'T KNOW SPECULATE THAT THE 
LONG REACH OF ISRAELI INTELLIGENCE ELIMINATED ABU 
JIHAD AND THEY APPLAUDS. WITH AN INCREASINGLY HAWKISH 
DOMESTIC CONSTITUENCY THAT SUPPORTS THE USE OF 
WHATEVER FORCE IS NECESSARY AGAINST PALESTINIANS, THE 
HIT AGAINST ONE OF ISRAEL'S MOST PROMINENT ENEMIES 
PLAYS_JZERY ..WELL . ■ (END SUMMARY) 




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STATE 124234 



3. THE LATEST POLITICAL GUESSING GAME IN ISRAEL DID 
NOT LAST VERY LONG. ALTIOUGH THE ISRAELI LEADERSHIP 
HAS BEEN EQUIVOCAL, BY NOW, NOBODY DOUBTS THAT ISRAEL 
WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE KILLING OF ABU JIHAD. IN AN 

INTERVIEW WITH ARMY RADIO, FOREIGN MINISTER PERES 
SEEMED TO SKIRT THE ISSUE OF ABU JIHAD. WHEN ASKED, 
"ARE YOU SAYING THAT THE KILLING OF ABU JIHAD WAS A 
SIGNAL TO THOSE WHO ESPOUSE VIOLENCE?" HE REPLIED, 









- ' mm 




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j 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 



DOC_NDHBER: 88STATE124234 



CHANNEL: n/a 



"I WOULD NOT LIKE TO REFER TO THE ABU JIHAD ISSUE IN 
ANY WAY. I AM REFERRING TO THE PEACE PROCESS. THE 
FACT THAT THERE IS A CONFLICT BETWEEN US AND THE 
PALESTINIANS IS NO SECRET. THE REAL'" PROBLEM IS HOW TO 

DEAL WITH THIS CONFLICT, WITH SWORDS OR IN TALKS." 
DEFENSE MINISTER RABIN, ASKED TO COMMENT ON NBC AND 
"TIME" MAGAZINE REPORTS THAT ISRAEL CARRIED OUT THE 
KILLING, SAID, "ASK TIME AND NBC." PRIME MINISTER 
SHAMIR CALLED THE CHARGE "NONSENSE", BUT HIS 
PROTESTATION WAS NOT PERSUASIVE. 

4. IN THE FIRST FEW HOURS AFTER THE KILLING, MANY 
ISRAELIS WERE QUICK TO POINT OUT THAT A FAIRLY LARGE 
NUMBER OF PARTIES — ISRAELIS, RIVAL PALESTINIANS, AND 
OTHER ARABS — HAD SCORES TO SETTLE WITH ABU JIHAD AND 

ANY ONE OF THOSE HAD A MOTIVE TO KILL HIM. BUT AS NO 
PARTY STEPPED FORWARD TO .TAKE CREDIT AND AS THE 
ISRAELI GOVERNMENT DECLINED TO ABSOLVE ITSELF OF 
BLAME, DOMESTIC SPECULATION INCREASINGLY FOCUSED ON 
ISRAEL AS THE PERPETRATOR OF THE ACT. 

5. LOCAL NEWSPAPERS AND ANALYSTS POINTED OUT THAT 
ISRAEL COULD HAVE BEEN SEEKING SIMPLY TO AVENGE THE 
TERRORIST ATTACK ON THE DIMONA BUS LAST MONTH (AN 




PAGE 03 STATE 12423 4 

ATTACK FOR WHICH ABU JIHAD CLAIMED RESPONSIELITY ) . 
BUT THEY SPECULATED THAT, ON THE OTHER HAND, ISRAEL 
MIGHT HAVE ASSESSED THAT THE ELIMINATION OF THE PLO'S 
MILITARY CHIEF WOULD BE A SEVERE BLOW TO PALESTINIAN 
MORALE AND IN TE LONG RUN COULD LEAD TO THE SUBSIDING 
OF THE UPRISING IN THE TERRITORIES (EVEN THOUGH THERE 
MIGHT BE AN INITIAL VIOLENT UPSURGE) . SOME ISRAELIS 
BELIEVE THAT ISRAEL'S MOTIVES FOR THE MOVE WERE 
DETERRENT, TO DEMONSTRATE THE LONG REACH OF THE 
ISRAELIS IN ORDER TO MAKE THE PLO THINK TWICE BEFORE 
ATTACKING ISRAEL AGAIN. WHATEVER THE GDI'S MOTIVES, 
WITH THE EXCEPTION OP ISRAELI ARABS AND A FEW FAR LEFT 
POLITICIANS, ISRAELIS UNIVERSALLY PRAISED THE RESULTS. 

6. THE KILLING HAS BEEN GREETED WITH REJOICING IN 
ISRAEL AND WE SUSPECT THAT THE GOVERNMENT STANDS TO 
GAIN MORE WITH ITS DOMESTIC CONSTITUENCY THAN IT 
STANDS TO LOSE IN WORLD OPINION IF SOME PROOF IS FOUND 
OF AN ISRAELI HAND IN THE DEATH OF ABU JIHAD. AT THE 
MOMENT, THE ISRAELIS CAN ENJOY THE PRESTIGE OF HAVING 
DONE IT, WITHOUT THE ONUS OF HAVING TO ADMIT IT. 
PICKERING UNQUOTE WHITEHEAD 




INFO 



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INR-10 

10-19 

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P-02 



EUR- 00 

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PM-10 

SNP-01 

T-01 



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C-01 

/091 W 



-122064 201351Z /40 



O 201338Z APR 88 
FM AMEMBASSY DOHA 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 5998 
INFO GULF WAR COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY BAGHDAD IMMEDIATE 
AMCONSUL JERUSALEM IMMEDIATE 
USIA WASHDC PRIORITY 3410 
CJTFME PRIORITY 
COMIDEASTFOR PRIORITY 
JCS WASHDC PRIORITY 

USCINCCENT MACDILL AFB FL PRIORITY 
SECDEF WASHDC PRIORITY 

_ DOHA 01101 

E.G. 123 56: DECL : OADR 

TAGS: PTER, KPAL, PINR, US, QA 

SUBJECT: AMBASSADOR'S RESPONSE TO CONTINUED MEDIA 

IMPLICATION OF U.S. IN ABU JIHAD ASSASSINATION 

REF: DOHA 1080 

1. (U) THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE "DAILY GULF TIMES" FOR 
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 20, 1988, IN FRONT PAGE EDITORIAL 
ENTITLED "WEIGHING PROSPECTS" SUGGESTS THAT THE U.S. 
COOPERATED IN THE ASSASSINATION OF PALESTINIAN LEADER 
ABU JIHAD. QUOTE: 



DOHA 01101 201343Z 




PAGE 02 



OIC-02 
NSAE-00 
PA- 01 
PRS-01 



THE U.S. GOVERNMENT, EVEN NOW, SHOWS ITS BIAS ON THE 
ARAB- ISRAELI CONFLICT, REFRAINING FROM ANY CONDEMNATION 
OF MOSSAD'S ASSASSINATION OF ABU JIHAD. AND IF SOME 
REPORTS ARE TRUE, THAT THE AMERICAN SIXTH FLEET DID 
INDEED GIVE HELP TO THE ASSASSINS ON THEIR 
DASTARDLY MISSION, THEN A WHOLE NEW FIELD OF COOPERATION 
BETWEEN THE US GOVERNMENT AND THE TEL AVIV TERRORISTS 
WILL HAVE BEEN EXPOSED. IT WOULD BE HARD IN SUCH 
CIRCUMSTANCES TO EXPECT ANY ENLIGHTENED US APPROACH 



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inim 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 



DOC NUMBER: 88DOHA01101 



CHANNEL: n/a 



IN THE, SECURITY COUNCIL. UNQUOTE 



2, 4^P°AT 7:30 THIS MORNING, AMBASSADOR PHONED THE 
(MINISTER OF INFORMATION AND AMIR'S OFFICE DIRECTOR, ISSA 
GHANIM AL-KAWARI^ TO PROTEST AGAINST SUCH RECKLESS 
EDITORIALIZING WHICH HAS THE EFFECT OF SPREADING MANIFEST 
UNTRUTHS AND INCITING PUBLIC EMOTIONS. AMBASSADOR POINTED 
OUT' TO AL-KAWARI^ THAT THE STATE DEPARTMENT SPOKESMAN HAS 
CONDEMNED THIS POLITICAL ASSASSINATION AND OTHER ACTS OF 
TERRORISM. 



3. AMBASSADOR DRAFTED LETTER TO AL-KAWARI EXPRESSING 
THIS PROTEST IN SPECIFIC TERMS. THE LETTER WAS DELIVERED 
BY THE PAO DIRECTLY TO AL-KAWARI ' S OFFICE AT 10:00 A.M. 

4. BAGHDAD MINIMIZE CONSIDERED. 
GHOUGASSIAN 



NNNN 



*** Current Handling Restrictions *** 
*** Current Classification 



Page - 2 



1 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 



DOC 



CHANNEL: n/| 



PAGE 01 
ACTION NEA-11 



BAGHDA 02154 200958Z 



INFO 



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/076 W 



-171056 210617Z 720 



R 200957Z APR 88 

FM AMEMBASSY BAGHDAD 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC 6904 

INFO ARAB LEAGUE COLLECTI 0024 



BAGHDAD 02154 



DODE-00 

L-03 

SP-02 



E.O. 12356: DECL : OADR 

TAGS: KPAL, FLO, PINR, IS, IZ, ASEC 
SUBJECT: IRAQIS BLAME ISRAEL, NOT U.S. 
FOR ABU JIHAD KILLING 



2. SUMMARY: IRAQ HAS NOT REPEATED PLO CHARGES THAT 
THE U.S. CONNIVED WITH ISRAEL TO ASSASSINATE PLO 
CHIEFTAN KHALIL AL-WAZIR (ABU JIHAD) . SADDAM HUSSEIN 
BLAMED "AGENTS OF ZIONISM" FOR THE ASSASSINATION IN 
TELEGRAPHED CONDOLENCES TO ARAFAT. END SUMMARY. 

3. IRAQ HAS NOT ECHOED CHARGES MADE BY PLO OFFICIALS 
THAT THE UNITED STATES GAVE THE GREEN LIGHT TO ISRAEL 
TO ASSASSINATE PLO LEADER ABU JIHAD. SADDAM HUSSEIN, 
IN A TELEGRAM OF CONDOLENCE TO YASIR ARAFAT, BLAMED 
"AGENTS OF ZIONISM" FOR THE KILLING. 

4 . IRAQI PRESS HAS GIVEN PROMINENT COVERAGE TO 
THE ASSASSINATION AND TO CHARGES THAT ISRAEL WAS 
BEHIND IT. LOCAL MEDIA QUOTED NBC TELEVISION 
REPORTS THAT SAID ABU JIHAD WAS KILLED BY THE MOSSAD, 




PAGE 02 



BAGHDA 02154 200958Z 



NAVAL COMMANDOS, AND MEMBERS OF AN ELITE ARMY UNIT 
IN A COMBINED OPERATION APPROVED BY SHAMIR, PERES, 
AND RABIN. IRAQ'S VICTORY AT FAO PUSHED ARAFAT'S 
APRIL 18 REPETITION OF THESE CHARGES OFF THE FRONT 
PAGES. NOTHING IN THE IRAQI PRESS HAS BEEN CRITICAL 
OF THE U.S. OR HINTED AT AMERICAN INVOLVEMENT IN THE 
ASSASSINATION. 




COMMENT: 



ALTHOUGH HIGHLY SYMPATHETIC TO THE PLO 



Page 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 



AND ALWAYS EAGER TO CASTIGATE "THE ZIONIST ENTITY" 
(ESPECIALLY ISRAEL'S RELATION WITH IRAN), IRAQ DOES 
NOT WISH TO PROMOTE ITS ARAB CREDENTIALS THROUGH 
ANTAGONIZING THE U.S., ESPECIALLY AT THIS JUNCTURE 
OF PARALLELISM OF IRAQI -AMERICAN POLITICAL AND 
MILITARY INTERESTS AND ACTIONS. ' 

NEWTON 




CHANNEL: n/a 



NNNN 



*** Current Handling Restrictions 
*** Current Classification *** 



n/ a 



mmm 



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CHANNEL: n/a 



PAGE 01 
ACTION DSE-00 



PORT L 00979 201115Z 



INFO 



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AMAD-01 

CA-02 

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FAAE-00 
FBIE-0 0 
SCT-02 



AF-00 

SSO-00 

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OC-02 

ZOVD-00 



■113657 201116Z /38 



O 201114Z APR 88 

FM AMEMBASSY PORT LOUIS 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0352 



TERREP 



'PORT LOUIS 0097 9PEPftgTMENT of state 

(^'f'DECLAsilFY 



E.O. 12356: DECL: OADR 
TAGS: ASEC, MP 
SUBJECT : TFGULF 0 2 



( /^RELEASE 
( ) EXCISE 
( ) DENr 

( ) 

FOtA Exemptions 

PA Exemptions^ 

SECURITY MEASURES 



( ) DECLASSIFY 
IN PART 



IS/FPC/CDR 



EO Citations^ 



CIAE-00 
L-02 

INRE-00 
DOEE-00 
P-02 



) CLASSIFY as ( 
) DOWNGRADE TS to ( ) S or ( ) C 



TS authority to. 

) S or ( ) C 



REF: STATE 121680 



2. POST CONVENED A MEETING OF THE EAC ON APRIL 19 TO 
DISCUSS SECURITY SITUATION, IN LIGHT OF NOT ONLY THE 
GtlLF NAVAL ENGAGEMENTS BUT ALSO THE KUWAITI HIJACKING 
AND ABU JIHAD ASSASSINATION. 

3 . POST MADE CONTACT APRIL 19 WITH THE HOST GOVERNMENT 
AND ITS POLICE AUTHORITIES. IN ADDITION, THE MARINE 
SECURITY GUARDS, RESIDENTIAL SECURITY GUARDS CONTRACTOR, 
AND CHANCERY BUILDING SECURITY GUARDS HAVE BEEN PUT ON 
ALERT. 

4 . DUE TO THE LOW THREAT LEVEL IN MAURITIUS , POST FEELS 




PAGE 02 , PORT L 00979 201115Z 

THAT SOME OF THE SUGGESTIONS IN REFTEL (REDUCING PUBLIC 
ACTIVITIES AND SERVICES, AND REDUCING CLASSIFIED 
HOLDINGS), ARE NOT WARRANTED AT THIS TIME, 
PALMER 



Page - i 



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DOC NUiraERJilaSslTATEl^S 



62 



CHANNEL: n/k 



PAGE 01 STATE 122162 

ORIGIN EAP-02 




INFO LOG-00 ADS-00 SSO-00 ONY-00 /002 R 

DRAFTED BY: EAP/IMBS: STAFF :2536D 
APPROVED BY: EAP/IMBS : RLWILSON 
DESIRED DISTRIBUTION 

NO DISTRIBUTION OUTSIDE EAP/IMBS TWO COPIES ONLY 

371544 190057Z /64 

O 190010Z APR 88 
FM SECSTATE WASHDC 

TO AMEMBASSY KUALA LUMPXJR IMMEDIATE 

STATE 122162 



FOR DCM FROM EAP/IMBS RICH WILSON 

E.O. 12356: DECL; OADR 
TAGS: PREL, US, MY 

SUBJECT: OFFICIAL INFOF»IAL IMBS TO KUALA LUMPUR NO. 



18 



1. (U) ASSASSINATION OF PLC OFFICIAL: THE FOLLOWING 
PRESS GUIDANCE ON THE ASSASSINATION OF PLC OFFICIAL ABU 
JIHAD WAS READ AT THE NOON BRIEFING APRIL 18: 

Q: WHAT IS YOUR REACTION TO THE ASSASSINATION THIS 
WEEKEND OF KHALIL WAZIR (AKA ABU JIHAD) WHO WAS THE 
CHIEF MILITARY PLANNER AND NUMBER TWO MAN TO YASSER 
ARAFAT? 

A: THE U.S. CONDEMNS THIS ACT OF POLITICAL 
ASSASSINATION. VIOLENCE IS NOT THE SOLUTION TO THE 
PROBLEMS OF VIOLENCE IN THE MIDDLE EAST. 

THE U.S. GOVERNMENT HAD NO KNOWLEDGE OF NOR WAS 
INVOLVED IN ANY WAY IN THE ASSASSINATION. ANY 
SUGGESTION OF THAT SORT IS TOTALLY BASELESS. U.S. LAW 



STATE 122162 




PAGE 02 



PROHIBITS ASSASSINATIONS - ASSASSINATIONS ARE TOTALLY 
UNACCEPTABLE. THE U.S. DOES NOT PRACTICE SUCH, NOR DO 
WE BELIEVE ANYONE ELSE SHOULD. 



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WE HAVE NO INFORMATION ON WHO IS RESPONSIBLE. 

Q: WHAT IMPACT WILL THIS HAVE ON THE PEACE PROCESS? 

A: WE WILL CONTINUE TO WORK ON MOVING THE PEACE 



Page 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 




CHANNEL: n/a 



PROCESS FORWARD. 

NOW MORE THAN EVER, IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT EVERYONE 
REDOUBLE THEIR EFFORTS FOR PEACE. 

2iH|[tfi WE ARE REPEATING STATE 121581 TO YOU FOR YOUR 

INFORMATION ONLY. F.Y.I. NEA ADVISES TUNISIA IS 
EXPECTED TO REQUEST A SECURITY COUNCIL MEETING ON THE 
INCIDENT AND THE MEETING MAY TAKE PLACE TOMORROW. 

3. (U) KLSE INVITATION TO SEC COMMISSIONER: SEC 
ADVISED APRIL 18 THAT CHAIRMAN RUDER WAS FORCED TO 
DECLINE KLSE INVITATION; HOWEVER, COMMISSIONER CHARLES 

COX ACCEPTS IN HIS STEAD. SEC ASKED FOR A POINT OF 
CONTACT IN KL WITH I'fflOM COX CAN DISCUSS PROGRAM AND 
TRAVEL DETAILS. PLEASE ADVISE. 

4 . IRMfe BELLER TDY : JOHN DUNCAN ASSURED US A CABLE 
PROVIDING INFORMATION REQUESTED IN YOUR O.I. 2 8 WOULD 
GO OUT APRIL 19. PLEASE LET US KNOW IF YOU DO NOT 
RECEIVE IT PROMPTLY. 



5 . ^^IP MALAYSIAN NATIONAL R&D WORKSHOP : DR . 

KRUYTBOSCH TOLD US APRIL 18 THAT HE IS DEFINITELY 




PAGE 03 



STATE 122162 



INTERESTED IN ATTENDING R&D WORKSHOP IN KL. HE SAID 
HE NEEDS TO HAVE THE LETTER OF INVITATION IN HAND IN 
ORDER TO TRY TO ARRANGE HIS MALAYSIA TRIP IN 
CONJUNCTION WITH OFFICIAL TRAVEL TO INDIA. 



6 . WE SHARE YOUR FRUSTRATION WITH LACK OF 

SUPPORT FROM OES/SCT. IT TOOK NUMEROUS PHONE CALLS TO 
PRODUCE EVEN A BELATED RESPONSE TO YOUR INITIAL MESSAGE 
ON THE WORKSHOP. (THE INFORMATION PROVIDED ABOVE WAS 
SECURED DIRECTLY FROM DR . KRUYTBOSCH . ) I WILL 
FOLLOW-UP WITH BILL MOODY IN AN EFFORT TO IMPROVE 
SUPPORT. SHULTZ 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 



DOC NDHBER 




CHANNEL: n/i 



PAGE 01 RIYADH 03981 191247Z 

ACTION NEA-11 



INFO 



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030073 

P 191248Z APR 88 

FM AMEMBASSY RIYADH 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 9458 

INFO AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV depa rtment OF STATE^ 

AMEMBASSY TUNIS ^j-release (V-f DECLASSIFY 

AMEMBASSY AMMAN , , excise ( ) declassify 

AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS ( ) deny in part 

AMCONSUL JERUSALEM I ) 

AMEMBASSY KUWAIT E^J^emptions , 



PA Exemptions _ 
'RIYADH 03981 



191356Z /47 



IS/FPC|CDR 



H-Ol 
L-03 
USIE-00 
SCT-02 



EO Citations^ 



. TS ajthorlty tp: 



( ) CLASSIFY as ( ) S or ( ) C 

( ) DOWNGRADE TS to ( ) S or ( ) C 



E.G. 123 56: DECL : OADR 

TAGS: PREL, PTER, PLO, 1, SA 

SUBJECT: SAUDI REACTION TO ASSASSINATION OF ABU JIHAD 



REF; 



RIYADH 03945 



2 . IN A STATEMENT MADE AFTER THE APRIL 18 MEETING OF THE 
SAUDI CABINET CHAIRED BY KING FAHD, INFORMATION MINISTER 
ALI AL-SHAER SAID THAT THE CABINET EXPRESSED DEEP SORROW 
OVER THE DEATH OF ABU JIHAD AND STRONGLY CONDEMNED THE 
"COWARDLY METHOD ADOPTED BY THE CRIMINAL KILLERS IN 
PERPETRATING THIS HIDEOUS CRIME." HE ADDED THAT THE 
CABINET REITERATED SAUDI ARABIA'S SOLIDARITY WITH THE 
STRUGGLE OF THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE. 



PAGE 02 RIYADH 03981 191247Z 

3 . PLO CHAIRMAN YASSIR ARAFAT WAS IN BAHRAIN WHEN HE 
RECEIVED NEWS OF ABU JIHAD'S ASSASSINATION ON APRIL 16. 
SHORTLY AFTERWARDS HE ARRIVED IN RIYADH, WHERE HE AND HIS 
DELEGATION WERE RECEIVED BY KING FAHD. ALSO PRESENT AT 
THE AUDIENCE WERE GOVERNOR OF RIYADH PRINCE SALMAN, ALI 
AL-SHAER, AND PLO REPRESENTATIVE TO SAUDI ARABIA RAFIQ 
SHAKIR AL-NATSHA. ON APRIL 17, KING FAHD, CROWN PRINCE 




Printed: 11/14/1996 DOC_NnHB£»:Jr8BIlZYi|S?H^3]|81 CEUVNNEL: n/a 

TO ARAFAT, WHO HAD RETURNED TO TUNIS, AND TO JIHAD KHALIL 
AL-WAZIR, SON OF THE SLAIN ABU JIHAD. 

4. THE SAUDI PRESS GAVE FRONT-PAGE TREATMENT TO THE 
ASSASSINATION, ASSERTING THAT IT WAS CARRIED OUT BY 

ISRAELI MOSSAD AND ARMED FORCES PERSONNEL. IT ALSO 
REPORTED ACCUSATIONS OF U.S. COMPLICITY IN THE MATTER. 
SAUDIS WITH WHOM WE HAVE SPOKEN, HOWEVER, STRONGLY 
CONDEMNED WHAT THEY WERE SURE WAS AN ISRAELI 
ASSASSINATION, BUT GENERALLY DID NOT BELIEVE THE U.S. WAS 
TO BLAME FOR THIS ACT. HORAN. 



NNNN 



*** Current Handling Restrictions 
*** Current Classification *** 



n/a 



umpRFfl 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 



DOC 



ER 



IRXISA01313 



CHANNEL: n/: 



PAGE 01 
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JERUSA 01313 01 OF 02 191517Z 



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L-03 

SIL-01 

SNP-01 

T-01 



INR-10 
MSC-01 
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INRE-00 
C-01 
/128 W 



EUR- 0 0 
10-19 
TRSE-00 
0PM- 01 
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SS-00 

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PM-10 

RP-10 

DS-01 



CIAE-00 

NSAE-00 

PA-01 

ACDA-12 

DSE-00 



EB-00 
COME- 00 
0MB- 01 
SP-02 
SCT-02 



88 



R 191515Z APR 
FM AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 2098 
INFO ARAB ISRAELI COLLECTIVE 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
USIA WASHDC 6714 



141043 

DEPARJMENT OF STATe/ 



201904Z /47 



RELEASE 
( ) EXCISE 
( ) DENY 
( ) 

FOIA Exemptions. 
PA Exemptions. 



M DECLASSIFY 
( ) DECUSSIFY 
IN PART 



IS/FPC/CDR 



Date: M'^m 



EO Citations^ 



( ) CLASSIFY as 



, TS authority to; 



( ) S or ( ) c 



( ) DOWNGRADE TS to ( ) S or ( ) C 



^ SECTION 01 OF 02 JERUSALEM 01313 

E.O. 12356: DECL : OADR 
TAGS: KPAL, PBTS, PINS, IS 

SUBJECT: STRIKES, LOWER PROFILES CHARACTERIZE 
INTERIM WEST BANK REACTION TO ABU JIHAD'S DEATH 

REF: JERUSALEM 1282 



2 . FOLLOWING THE VERY VIOLENT CONFRONTATIONS 
BETWEEN THE IDF AND PALESTINIANS EXPRESSING 
SHOCK AND OUTRAGE AT THE MURDER OF ABU JIHAD, 
ON SATURDAY, APRIL 16, THE BROAD REACTION IN 
THE WEST BANK TO HIS DEATH HAS SETTLED INTO 
A PATTERN OF OBSERVATION OF THE GENERAL 
COMMERCIAL AND TRANSPORTATION STRIKE WHICH 
BEGAN ON SUNDAY, APRIL 17. THE TRADITIONAL 
SHOPPING SPREES MADE ON THE FIRST DAY OF 



JERUSA 01313 01 OF 02 191517Z 




PAGE 02 



RAMADAN, WHICH THIS YEAR FELL ON APRIL 17, DID 
NOT TAKE PLACE AS MOST WEST BANK RESIDENTS 
STAYED IN THEIR HOMES FOLLOWING THE VIOLENT 
CLASHES OF SATURDAY. NEARLY EVERY REFUGEE 
CAMP IN EAST JERUSALEM AND THE WEST BANK 
WAS PUT UNDER CURFEW, AS WERE THE TOWNS OF 
NABLUS AND JENIN, BOTH OF WHICH REMAIN UNDER 
CURFEW.. 



mm iQQinm 



Page - iJI^ULHUUIll 




Date printed: 11/14/1996 DOC_NDHBERTi^88'jBR0SKOX313 CHANNEL: n/a 

T. IN RESPONSE TO THE INCIDENT AND THE WEST BANK 
REACTION TO IT, THE CONSULATE GENERAL DECIDED TO 
POSTPONE BRIEFINGS TO BE GIVEN TO PALESTINIANS 
BY WAT CLUVERIUS, AS WELL AS SOME INTRODUCTORY 
CALLS ON WEST BANK MAYORS AND A DINNER IN HONOR 
OF NEWLY ARRIVED CONSUL GENERAL WILCOX. OUR 
PALESTINIAN CONTACTS EXPRESSED APPRECIATION FOR 
THESE POSTPONEMENTS , STATING THAT THEY WOULD 
FEEL UNCOMFORTABLE UNDERTAKING SUCH ACTIVITIES 
DURING THE PERIOD OF OFFICIAL MOURNING, THAT 
CURFEWS ROADBLOCKS AND DEMONSTRATIONS MADE 
TRAVELLING COMPLICATED AND THAT IN THE 
INFLAMED ATMOSPHERE AT PRESENT, IT MIGHT BE 
DANGEROUS FOR THEM TO BE SEEN WELCOMING USG 
OFFICIALS. ALL OUR CONTACTS, HOWEVER, SAID 
THAT THEY WOULD BE MORE THAN PLEASED TO ATTEND 
THESE FUNCTIONS NEXT WEEK WHEN THE SITUATION 
PRESUMABLY WILL HAVE SOMEWHAT CALMED. 

4. DUE TO THE STRIKES AND TO THE TRAVEL 
DIFFICULTIES, MOST OF OUR CONTACTS HAVE BEEN 
LYING LOW. FROM THE FEW WITH WHOM WE HAVE 
SPOKEN, HOWEVER, WE GATHER THAT MODERATE 
PRO -JORDANIAN AND PRO-PLO WEST BANKERS WILL 




PAGE 03 JERUSA 01313 01 OF 02 191517Z 

BE REFRAINING FROM MAKING STATEMENTS OF 
RECONCILIATION OR WILLINGNESS TO LIVE IN 
PEACE WITH ISRAEL FOR THE TIME BEING AND 
WILL AVOID HIGH-PROFILE CONTACTS WITH 
ISRAEL, EITHER DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY. AL- 
FAJR EDITOR HANNA SINIORA SAID THAT HE WOULD 
BE CANCELLING SOME OF HIS SCHEDULED APPEARANCES 
WITH ISRAELI GROUPS, AND BETHLEHEM MAYOR 
FREIJ SAID HE DECIDED NOT TO TRAVEL TO THE 
UNITED STATES LATER THIS WEEK TO ATTEND A 
WASHINGTON INSTITUTE SEMINAR AND HAD TOLD 
THE ORGANIZERS AT THE FRED HANSEN INSTITUTE 
THAT HE WOULD NOT ATTEND THEIR SYNPOSIUM IN 
SAN DIEGO MAY 2. 

5. IT HAY TAKE SOME TIME TO SORT OUT ALL THE 
FEELINGS ON THE WEST BANK AND SEE HOW THE 
LOCAL POPULATION REACTS TO THE ASSASSINATION OF 
ABU JIHAD. THE MESSAGE THAT ISRAEL HAS BEEN 
CONVEYING INSIDE THE OCCUPIED TERRITORIES, 
THAT IT WILL DO WHATEVER IS NECESSARY TO QUELL 
THE UPRISING, HAS NOW BEEN STRONGLY REIN- 
FORCED BY THE PERCEPTION THAT ISRAEL IS 
WILLING TO ACT OtJTSIDE THE OCCUPIED TERRITORIES 
AS WELL. THE COMMON PALESTINIAN SENTIMENT IS 



Page 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 




CHANNEL: n/a 



OUTRAGE AND BITTERNESS TOWARDS ISRAEL, 
WHOM ALL ASSUME CARRIED OUT THE DEED. SO FAR 
THIS HAS NOT SEEMED TO TRANSLATE INTO BITTER- 
NESS AGAINST THE UNITED STATES AND WE HAVE 
NEITHER SEEN NOR HEARD CHARGES OF U.S. COM- 



NNNN 



PAGE 01 
ACTION NEA-11 



JERUSA 01313 02 OF 02 191517Z 



INFO 



LOG-00 

DODE-00 

HA-09 

STR-17 

SR-06 

P-02 



ADS- 00 

H-01 

L-03 

SIL-01 

SNP-01 

T-01 



INR-10 

MSC-01 

LAB-04 

INRE-00 

C-01 

/128 W 



R 191515Z APR 88 

FM AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC 2099 

INFO ARAB ISRAELI COLLECTIVE 

USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 

AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 

USIA WASHDC 6715 



EUR- 00 
10-19 
TRSE-00 
0PM- 01 
PRS-01 



SS-00 

NSCE-00 

PM-10 

RP-10 

DS-01 



CIAE-00 
NSAE-00 
PA- 01 
ACDA-12 
DSE-00 



-141044 201904Z /47 



EB- 00 
COME- 00 
0MB- 01 
SP-02 
SCT-02 



SECTION 02 OF 02 JERUSALEM 01313 

E.O. 12356: DECL : OADR 
TAGS: KPAL, PBTS, PINS, IS 

SUBJECT: STRIKES, LOWER PROFILES CHARACTERIZE 

PLICITY. THE STATEMENT MADE AT THE NOON 
BRIEFING ON APRIL 18 CONDEMNING THE ASSASSI- 
NATION OF ABU JIHAD WAS RUN ON THE FRONT PAGE 
OF THE LARGEST CIRCULATION ARABIC DAILY PAPER 



Page 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 DOC NUKB^^! 

m 


|jL450!r!ty 


3 CHANNEL: n/a 


IN THE OCCUPIED TERRITORIES, AL-^JCJlT 







WILCOX 



*** Current Handling Restrictions *** 
*** Current Classification *** 



Page - 4 



mssro 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 



ONCLASSIFIED 

DOC NUMBER: 8 8 JERUSAO 12 9 6 



CHANNEL: n/; 



UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 01 
ACTION SS-00 



JERUSA 01296 191229Z 



INFO 



LOG- 00 
10-19 
EAP-00 
DSE-00 



ADS- 00 
NEA-04 
PA- 02 
SCT-02 



INR-10 
NSCE-00 
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OlC-02 
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CIAE-00 

HA-09 

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MSC-01 

PM-10 

DS-01 



-026054 191237Z /46 38 



O 191226Z APR 88 

FM AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2081 

INFO ARAB ISRAELI COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE 

USMISSION USUN NEW YORK IMMEDIATE 

AMEMBASSy MOSCOW IMMEDIATE 

UNCLAS JERUSALEM 01296 

DEPARTMENT FOR S/S-S PASS NEA STAFF ASSISTANT 
E.O. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: KPAL, PHUM, PINS, PBTS, ASEC, PTER, IS 
SUBJECT: TWO GAZANS KILLED; WEST BANK SEALED OFF 

1. (U) SUMMARY: TWO GAZANS WERE KILLED AND AT 
LEAST TWO WOUNDED (TEL AVIV WILL REPORT SEPTEL) AS 
A GENERAL STRIKE WAS OBSERVED THROUGHOUT THE 
OCCUPIED TERRITORIES AND THE IDF SEALED OFF MOST 
OF THE WEST BANK TO JOURNALISTS AND NON-RESIDENTS 
IN THE WAKE OF THE ASSASSINATION OP PLO MILITARY 
COMMANDER ABU JIHAD (KHALIL AL-WAZIR) . ISRAELI 
CIVIL ADMINISTRATION OFFICIALS EXPRESSED CONCERN 
THAT A PROMISED RESIGNATION BY NABLUS MAYOR HAFEZ 
TOUQAN WOULD PLACE CONSIDERABLE PRESSURE ON OTHER 
WEST BANK MAYORS TO RESIGN (DETAILS SEPTEL) . SIX 
PALESTINIANS FROM THE VILLAGE OF BEITA NEAR NABLUS 
WHO WERE ISSUED DEPORTATION ORDERS LAST WEEK HAVE 
WITHDRWN THEIR APPEALS TO THE MILITARY APPEALS 
COMMITTEE, CLEARING THE WAY FOR THEIR IMMEDIATE 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 JERUSA 01296 191229Z 

DEPORTATION. END SUMMARY. 

TWO GAZANS KILLED; WEST BANK CLOSED OFF 
1 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 

2 . (U) TWO GAZANS WERE KILLED AND AT LEAST TWO 
WOUNDED ON MONDAY, APRIL 18, AS A COMPREHENSIVE 
STRIKE ENTERED ITS SECOND SCHEDULED DAY THROUGHOUT 
THE OCCUPIED TERRITORIES. CURFEWS WERE IN PLACE 




Page - 1 



, ■ UNCLASSIFIED 
Date Printed: 11/14/1996 DOC_NUMBER: 88JERUSA01296 CHANNEL: n/a 



IN ALL WEST BANK REFUGEE CAMPS EXCEPT THE AQABAT 
JABR AND THE EIN SULTAN REFUGEE CAMPS NEAR 
JERICHO. CHECKPOINTS BEGINNING AT A-RAM, JUST 
OUTSIDE THE NORTHERN BORDER OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF 
JERUSALEM, PREVENTED ALL BUT WEST BANK RESIDENTS 
FROM ENTERING THE NORTHERN AREA OF THE WEST BANK. 
IN THE CITY OF NABLUS ALL STREETS WERE EMPTY AND 
THE IDF REPORTED NO ENCOUNTERS WITH PALESTINIANS 
AS THE CITY BEGAN YET ANOTHER CURFEW IN THE COURSE 
OF THE UPRISING. SHOPS WERE CLOSED THROUGHOUT THE 
WEST BANK ON THE SECOND DAY OF MOURNING AND STRIKE 
CALLED FOR IN PROTEST OF THE ASSASSINATION OF PLO 
MILITARY COMMANDER AND FATAH SECOND-IN-COMMAND ABU 
JIHAD (KHALIL AL-WAZIR) . 

NABLUS MAYOR'S RESIGNATION COULD SPILL THE DOMINOES 
1 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 

3 . (U) A PROMISED RESIGNATION BY APPOINTED NABLUS 
MAYOR HAFEZ TOUQAN DUE TO CALLS FROM THE UNIFIED 
LEADERSHIP OF THE NATIONAL UPRISING RAISED 
CONCERNS AMONG CIVAD OFFICIALS THAT CONSIDERABLE 
PRESSURE MAY NOW BY PLACED UPON OTHER WEST BANK 
MAYORS TO RESIGN. TOUQAN HAS OFFICIALLY NOTIFIED 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 JERUSA 01296 191229Z 

THE CIVAD OF HIS INTENTION TO RESIGN, BUT HAS NOT 
DELIVERED AN OFFICIAL RESIGNATION LETTER. MAYOR 
FREIJ OF BETHLEHEM TOLD CONGEN HE DEEPLY REGRETTED 

TOUQAN 'S INTENTION TO RESIGN. 

SIX DEPORTEES WITHDRAW APPEAL 

1 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 n 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 

4. (U) SIX PALESTINIANS FROM THE VILLAGE OF BEITA, 
NEAR NABLUS, WHO WERE SERVED WITH DEPORTATION 
ORDERS LAST WEEK, WITHDREW THEIR APPEALS TO THE 
MILITARY APPEALS COMMITTEE YESTERDAY, APRIL 18- 
ATTORNEYS FOR THE PALESTINIANS, WHO WERE CHARGED 
WITH ATTACKING A GROUP OP HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS AKTO 
TWO ARMED ESCORTS FROM THE ELON MOREH SETTLEMENT, 
SAID THEIR CLIENTS DTD NOT BELIEVE THERE WAS ANY 
POSSIBILITY THE DEPORTATION ORDERS WOULD BE 
OVERTURNED AND DID NOT WANT TO GIVE THE APPEARANCE 
OF LEGITIMIZING THE ORDERS VIA AN UNSUCCESSFUL 
APPEAL. THE WITHDRAWALS CLEAR THE WAY FOR THE 
DEPORTEES TO BE TAKEN OUT OF THE ISRAEL AND THE 
OCCUPIED TERRITORIES AT ANY TIME. ALL ARABIC 
PAPERS RAN FRONT-PAGE STORIES ON THE U.S. VETO OF 
A UN SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION ON THE 
DEPORTATIONS, AND PRO- JORDANIAN AN-NAHAR 



Page - 2 



.. ' UNCIASSIFIED 
Date Printed: 11/14/1996 D0C_N01IBER: 88JERnSA01296 CHANNEL: n/a 



EDITORIALIZED THAT THE VETO SHOWED THE U.S. WAS 

NOT SERIOUS ABOUT WANTING PEACE. 

WILCOX 



UNCLASSIFIED 



NNNN 



*** Current Handling Restrictions *** n/a 
*** Current Classification *** UNCLASSIFIED 



Page - 3 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 



UNCIASSIFIED 
DOC.NUHBER: 88CAIRO09300 



CRANNEti: n/a 



UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 01 
ACTION NEA-04 



CAIRO 09300 01 OF 05 191525Z 



INFO LOG- 00 
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SP-02 



AID-GO 

10-19 

PRS-01 



INR-10 
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/051 W 
037632 



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AMAD-01 



OIC-02 
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191613Z /38 



O 191452Z APR 88 
FM AMEMBASSY CAIRO 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2890 
INFO USDOC WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
AMCONSUL ALEXANDRIA 
AMEMBASSY RIYADH 
AMEMBASSY TUNIS 
AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV 
AMEMBASSY AMMAN 
AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
COMSIXTHFLT 

USCINCCENT MACDILL AFB FL 
FBIS RESTON VA 
US I A WASHDC 82 61 
US INFO WASHDC 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 



CIAE-00 
PA- 02 



DEPAR.TIVIENT O F STATE 

(kTRELEASE ( ) DECLASStFY 
( ) EXCISE ( ) DECLASSIFY 

( ) DENY IN PART 

t ) 

FOIA Exemptions 

PA Exemptions 



IS/FPC/CDR 



Date! 



3//?. 



'hi 



BO Citations^ 



T3 «uthorlty to. 



( ) CLASSIFY as { ) 8 or ( ) C 

( J DOWNGRADE TS to ( ) 8 or ( J q 



UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 05 CAIRO 09300 



USDOC FOR 4 52 0/IEP/ANESA/ONE/ JOHNSON 
USCINCCENT FOR POLAD 



ROME PASS MFO 



E.O. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: PREL, PGOV, PINS, EAID, ECON, EG, US, SA 
SUBJECT; CAIRO PRESS REVIEW, APRIL 19, 1988 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 



PAGE 02 CAIRO 09300 01 OF 05 191525Z 



THIS REVIEW COVERS THE ESTABLISHMENT PRESS 
(GOVERNMENT- INFLUENCED; AROUND ONE MILLION CIRCULATION) 
AND THE OPPOSITION PRESS (NORMALLY WEEKLIES) . BOTH 
CATEGORIES REFLECT TOE INCREASING INDEPENDENCE OF THE 
EGYPTIAN PRESS. THE OPPOSITION PAPERS ARE NOT ONLY 
LIMITED IN CIRCULATION (10,000-60,000, EXCEPT FOR THE 
WIDER CIRCULATION AL-WAFD) , BUT ALSO WIDELY RECOGNIZED AS 
IRRESPONSIBLE. NONETHELESS, THEIR STORIES FORM PART OF 



Page - 1 



ONCIASSIFIED 

Date Printed: 11/14/1996 DOC.NUHBER: 88CA.IRO09300 CHANNEL: n/a 



THE CAIRO RUMOR MILL; THEY CAN PROMPT DEFENSIVE GOVERNMENT 
ACTION AND INSPIRE PARALLEL STORIES IN THE ESTABLISHMENT 
PRESS . 



HIGHLIGHTS 



-- US FORCES ATTACK TWO IRANIAN OIL RIGS AND THREE 
FRIGATES IN THE GULF. 

— MORE COMMENTS ON THE ASSASSINATION OF ABU JIHAD. 

— CRITICISM OF US BIAS TOWARDS ISRAEL. 

— A SOVIET DELEGATION ARRIVES IN CAIRO. 

— EGYPTIAN EXPATRIATES IN THE US FINANCE TOURIST 
PROJECTS . 

— OPPOSITION AL-SHAAB REPORTS AMBASSADOR WISNER TRIES TO 
REACTIVATE NORMALIZATION OF RELATIONS BETWEEN EGYPT AND 

ISRAEL. 

UNCLASSIFIED 
UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 CAIRO 09300 01 OF 05 191525Z 

— OPPOSITION WRITERS BLAME TUNISIAN AND EGYPTIAN 
GOVERNMENTS FOR FAILING TO PROVIDE SECURE BASES FOR THE 
PLO. 



ESTABLISHMENT PRESS: INTERNATIONAL NEWS 



1 . US ■ ATTACK ON IRANIAN OIL RIGS . THE LEAD ITEM IN ALL 
PAPERS REPORTS US FORCES ATTACKED TWO IRANIAN OIL RIGS IN 
THE GULF, USED AS RADAR STATIONS BY THE IRANIAN MILITARY, 
IN REPRISAL FOR IRAN'S RECENT RESUMPTION OF MINING 
INTERNATIONAL WATERS AND FOR THE MINE ATTACK LAST WEEK ON 
A US FRIGATE. THE US FORCES ALSO ATTACKED THREE IRANIAN 
WARSHIPS IN RETALIATION FOR IRAN'S ATTACK ON AN OIL FIELD 
IN UAE RUN BY AMERICANS. REPORTEDLY, US ARMY OFFICIALS 
ARE CONSIDERING DEALING ANOTHER BLOW AT IRANIAN TARGETS IN 
THE GULF. IN THE SAME ITEM, ALL PAPERS REPORT IRAQ HAS 
LIBERATED AND REGAINED THE FAW PENINSULA. FOREIGN 
MINISTER ABDEL MEGUID EXPRESSED EGYPT'S REGRET AT IRAN'S 
RECENT ESCALATION OF VIOLENCE, ADDING THAT "WE UNDERSTAND 
THE US REACTION AND ATTACK ON THE IRANIAN OIL PLATFORMS 
AND WE URGE IRAN TO STOP THE POLICY OF PROVOCATION . " ON 
IRAQI LIBERATION OF FAW, ABDEL MEGUID SAID THE PENINSULA 



Page - 2 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 



UNCLASSIFIED 

DOC_NUMBER; 88CAIRO09300 



CHANNEL: n/a 



IS PART OF IRAQI TERRITORIES AND IRAQ'S DUTY IS TO 
LIBERATE ITS TERRITORIES EVEN BY FORCE. MUBARAK 
TELEPHONED PRESIDENT SADDAM HUSSEIN TO CONGRATULATE HIM ON 
LIBERATING FAW- 

2. ON THE ASSASSINATION OF ABU JIHAD. ALL PAPERS REPORT 
ABDEL MEGUID ANNOUNCED EGYPT'S CONDEMNATION OF THE 



UNCLASSIFIED 



NNNN 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 01 CAIRO 09300 02 OF 05 191526Z 

ACTION NEA-04 

INFO LOG-00 ADS-00 AID-00 INR-10 EUR-00 OIC-02 CIAE-00 
EB-00 DODE-00 10-19 NSAE-00 AMAD-01 PM-10 PA-02 
INRE-00 SP-02 PRS-01 /051 W 

037651 191613Z 738 

O 191452Z APR 88 
FM AMEMBASSY CAIRO 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2891 
INFO USDOC WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
AMCONSUL ALEXANDRIA 
AMEMBASSY RIYADH 

AMEMBASSY TUNIS 
AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV 
AMEMBASSY AMMAN 
AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
COMSIXTHFLT 

USCINCCENT MACDILL AFB FL 

FBIS RESTON VA 
US I A WASHDC 8262 
US INFO WASHDC 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 

UNCLAS SECTION 02 OF 05 CAIRO 09300 



Page - 3 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 



UNCIASSIFIED 
DOC.NDMBER: 88CAIRO09300 



CHANNEI.: n/a 



USDOC FOR 4520/IEP/ANESA/ONE/JOHNSON 
USCINCCENT FOR POLAD 
ROME PASS MFO 

E.O. 12356: M/A 

TAGS: PREL, PGOV, PINS, EAID, ECON, EG, US, SA 
SUBJECT: CAIRO PRESS REVIEW, APRIL 19, 1988 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 CAIRO 09300 02 OF 05 191526Z 



ASSASSINATION OF ABU. JIHAD AND ADDED THAT NOTHING WOULD 
STOP THE PALESTINIAN STRUGGLE. ABDEL MEGUID POINTED OUT 
THAT THE ASSASSINATION OPERATION WOULD ONLY LEAD TO 
NEGATIVE RESULTS, NOTING THAT THERE IS A DIFFERENCE 
BETWEEN RESISTANCE AND TERRORISM. MFA FIRST 
UNDERSECRETARY OSAMA AL-BAZ STATED UPON HIS RETURN FROM 
THE US THAT THE OPERATION WOULD NOT STOP THE PALESTINIAN 
UPRISING AS ISRAEL MAY HAVE IMAGINED. UNDER A HEADLINE 
THAT READS "THE JEWS ARE CHASTISING THE WORLD", AKHBAR 
ASSERTS THAT AFTER THE JEWS BECAME GATHERED IN ISRAEL THEY 
BEGAN TAKING REVENGE ON THE WORLD. THE SHORT ARTICLE 
REFERS TO ISRAELI KILLING OF MORE THAN 20 PALESTINIANS 
THIS WEEK, ASSASSINATING ABU JIHAD, AND CONVICTING "THE 
GERMAN" DEMANJUK FOR TORTURING JEWS IN THE DAYS OF THE 
NAZIS. AN UNSIGNED EDITORIAL IN AHRAM WRITES THAT THE 

ASSASSINATION OF ABU JIHAD BY THE MOSSAD DOES NOT AND WILL 
NOT ACHIEVE ANY AIMS, AND ON THE CONTRARY WILL LEAD TO 
WORSE CONSEQUENCES. AKHBAR 'S DAILY COLUMNIST ABDEL SALAM 
DAWOUD CONDEMNS ISRAELI HOOLIGANISM BUT AT THE SAME TIME 
CRITICIZES THE DIVISION OF THE ARABS WHO HAD NO REACTION 
TO THE ASSASSINATION OF ABU JIHAD. GUMHOURIYYA ' S EDITOR 
IN CHIEF MOHSEN MOHAMMAD WRITES THAT IT IS STRANGE THAT 
THE US, WHICH ALWAYS ANNOUNCES REJECTION OF TERRORISM, DID 
NOT DECLARE INTERNATIONALLY ITS CONDEMNATION OR EVEN 
REJECTION OF THE CRIMINAL OPERATIONS AGAINST THE 
PALESTINIANS. ISRAEL WANTS TO PROVE THAT IT IS THE SOLE 
PROTECTOR AND SUPPORTER OF US INTERESTS AND "PURPOSES" IN 
THE REGION, THEREBY CONVINCING THE US CANDIDATES RUNNING 
FOR PRESIDENCY THAT THEY SHOULD SUPPORT THE STRONGER 
PARTY, ISRAEL, AND NOT THE WEAKER PARTY, THE ARABS WHO CAN 
BE KILLED IN THEIR HOMES NO MATTER HOW FAR THEY ARE FROM 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 CAIRO 093 00 02 OF 05 191525Z 



Page - 4 



UNCLASSIFIED 

Date Printed: 11/14/1996 DOC_NDHBER: 88CAIRO09300 CHANNEL: n/a 



ISRAEL. THE WRITER CONCLUDES BY CALLING UPON THE PLO TO 
EXERCISE SELF-RESTRAINT AND BE PATIENT. 

WEEKLY PERIODICAL SABAH EL-KHEIR WRITES THAT THE HIJACKING 
OF THE IRANIAN PLANE AND THE ASSASSINATION OF ABU JIHAD 
ARE PART OF A WIDE-SCALE CONSPIRACY BY ISRAEL AND IRAN TO 
SQUEEZE THE ARAB NATION WITH THE AIM OF ABORTING THE 
PALESTINIAN UPRISING; DEALING A BLOW AT NATIONALISM AMONG 
THE ARAB COUNTRIES; SEPARATING THE ARAB COUNTRIES FROM 
EACH OTHER IN ORDER TO DESTROY THE SOCIAL AND RELIGIOUS 
TIES AMONG THEM AND PUSH THEM TO A CIVIL WARS; AND 
REPRESENTING THE ARABS BEFORE WORLD PUBLIC OPINION AS 
BACKWARD PEOPLES AND TERRORISTS. 

3. EGYPT/US. AN UNSIGNED EDITORIAL IN AKHBAR REFERS TO 
ISRAEL'S RECENT THREAT TO SAUDI ARABIA AND ATTACKS US 
BLIND BIAS TOWARDS ISRAEL, AND THE STAND ADOPTED BY THE 
"AGENTS OF ISRAEL AND ZIONISM IN- THE CONGRESS", WHICH IS 
CONSIDERED A PROVOCATION DIRECTED AT THE WHOLE ARAB 
NATION. THE EDITORIAL CRITICIZES THE CONGRESS WHICH 
ALWAYS APPROVES OF ISRAELI POLICY AND WHICH HAS NOT SAID A 
SINGLE WORD ABOUT ISRAELI POSSESSION OF NUCLEAR ARMS AND 
REFUSAL OF INTERNATIONAL INSPECTION. 



4. AID FROM THE US. AKHBAR REPORTS THREE ECONOMIC 
AGREEMENTS WILL BE SIGNED WITH THE US, WHEREBY EGYPT WILL 
GET 7 0 MILLION DOLLARS TO FINANCE LOCAL ENVIRONMENT AND 
HOUSING PROJECTS, AND TO DEVELOP TAXATION MACHINERY. 

5. SOVIET DELEGATION IN CAIRO. AHRAM REPORTS A SOVIET 
DELEGATION HEADED BY THE DIRECTOR OF EGYPT DEPARTMENT AT 



UNCLASSIFIED 



NNNN 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 01 CAIRO 09300 03 OF 05 191526Z 

ACTION NEA-04 



Page - 5 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 



tmCLASSIFIED 
DOC_NDHBER: 88CAIRO09300 



CHANNEL: n/a 



INFO LOG-00 ADS-00 AID-00 INR-10 EUR-00 OIC-02 CIAE-00 
EB-00 DODE-00 10-19 NSAE-00 AMAD-01 PM-10 PA-02 
INRE-00 SP-02 PRS-01 /051 W 

037661 191614Z /38 

O 191452Z APR 88 
FM AMEMBASSY CAIRO 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2892 

INFO USDOC WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

AMCONSUL ALEXANDRIA 

AMEMBASSY RIYADH 

AMEMBASSY TUNIS 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV 

AMEMBASSY AMMAN 

AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

AMEMBASSY LONDON 

AMEMBASSY PARIS 

AMEMBASSY ROME 

COMSIXTHFLT 

USCINCCENT MACDILL AFB PL 
FBIS RESTON VA 
USIA WASHDC 8263 
US INFO WASHDC 

USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 

UNCLAS SECTION 03 OF 05 CAIRO 093 00 
USDOC FOR 4520/IEP/ANESA/ONE/JOHNSON 
USCINCCENT FOR POLAD 
ROME PASS MFO 

E.O. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: PREL, PGOV, PINS, EAID, ECON, EG, US, SA 
SUBJECT: CAIRO PRESS REVIEW, APRIL 19, 1988 

UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 CAIRO 09300 03 OF 05 191526Z 



THE SOVIET FOREIGN MINISTRY, AND THE DIRECTOR OF THE 
MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA DEPARTMENT ARRIVED IN CAIRO 
FOR A TWO-DAY VISIT. THE DELEGATION WILL HOLD TALKS WITH 
THE SOVIET AMBASSADOR IN CAIRO. 

6. DEBT RESCHEDULING TALKS FINISHED. AHRAM REPORTS THE 
EGYPTIAN GOVERNMENT HAS FINISHED TALKS WITH ALL CREDITOR 
STATES, EXCEPT JAPAN, ON RESCHEDULING ITS DEBTS. 

NEGOTIATIONS ON EGYPT'S DEBT 
S TO JAPAN WILL BE HELD IN 

MAY. AHRAM ADDS THAT A NEW ROUND OF NEGOTIATIONS WITH THE 
IMF WILL START IN MAY ABOUT THE POSSIBILITY OF GRANTING 
EGYPT THE SECOND PART, I.E. 135 MILLION DOLLARS, OF THE 



Page - 6 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 



UNCIASSIFIED 
DOC.NUHBER: 88CAIRO09300 



CHANNEL: n/a 



150 MILLION DOLLAR LOAN PROVIDED LAST MAY. 

7. ON THE TABA ISSUE. ALL PAPERS QUOTE ABDEL MEGUID AS 
AFFIRMING THAT THE VERDICT IN THE TABA CASE WILL BE IN 
EGYPT'S FAVOR BECAUSE OF THE UNTENABLE DOCUMENTS THAT 
ISRAEL HAD SUBMITTED. 

8. EGYPT /TUNISIA. ALL PAPERS REPORT A STATEMENT WILL BE 
ISSUED ON THE RESULTS OF THE EGYPTIAN-TUNISIAN TALKS, 
VISITING TUNISIAN PRIME MINISTER AL-BACCOUSH STATED THAT 
EGYPT'S MILITARY PRODUCTION COULD ENABLE EGYPT TO DEFEND . 
THE ARABS' RIGHTS, PROTECT THEIR TERRITORIES, AND 
CONSOLIDATE THEIR INDUSTRIES. 

9. WHEAT FROM SPAIN. AHRAM REPORTS AN AGREEMENT HAS BEEN 
SIGNED WHEREBY EGYPT WILL GET 5000 TONS OF WHEAT FROM 
SPAIN. 

10. SHIPPING. AHRAM REPORTS MINISTER OF TRANSPORT, 
COMMUNICATIONS, AND MARITIME TRANSPORT SOLIMAN METWALLI 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 CAIRO 09300 03 OF 05 191526Z 

ANNOUNCED THAT THE ARAB BRIDGE NAVIGATION COMPANY, A JOINT 
EGYPTIAN-JORDANIAN-IRAQI ENTERPRISE WHICH NOW RUNS THE 
NUWEIBA-AQABA FERRY, WILL ALSO ENGAGE IN CARGO SHIPPING 
OPERATIONS . 

11. EGYPT/ SAUDI ARABIA. AKHBAR REPORTS THAT DURING TALKS 
IN CAIRO, THE VISITING SAUDI FINANCE MINISTER HAS BROACHED 
A SAUDI PROPOSAL TO ESTABLISH A SAUDI -EGYPTIAN COMPANY FOR 
JOINT INDUSTRIAL PROJECTS. ALSO DISCUSSED WERE PLANS TO 
REACTIVATE PREVIOUS LOAN AGREEMENTS. 



DOMESTIC NEWS 



12. TOURIST PROJECTS. AHRAM REPORTS TOURISM MINISTER 
FOAD SULTAN STATED UPON HIS RETURN FROM THE US THAT HE HAD 
DISCUSSED WITH EGYPTIANS LIVING THERE THE ESTABLISHMENT OF 
5 TOURIST PROJECTS IN THE RED SEA, SINAI, AND NORTHERN 
COAST AREAS. 

13. NEW PETROLEUM STRATEGY. AHRAM REPORTS THE PETROLEUM 
SECTOR WILL DRAW UP A NEW STRATEGY AIMED AT INCREASING 
QUANTITIES OF NATURAL GAS AND DOUBLING THE CRUDE OIL 
RESERVE, MAINTAINING THE DAILY OUTPUT OF PETROLEUM AT 
870,000 BARRELS PER DAY. AHRAM NOTES THAT EGYPT CONSUMES 
ABOUT HALF OF ITS OIL OUTPUT AT A RATE OF 400,000 BARRELS 
PER DAY. 



Page ~ 7 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 



ONCIASSZFIED 
DOC„NUMBER: 88CAIRO09300 



CHANNEL: n/a 



14. EGYPT EXPORTS COKE TO US. GUMHOURIYYA REPORTS THAT 
THE BOARD CHAIRMAN OF AL-NASR COMPANY FOR COKE AJSTD BASIC 
CHEMICALS SAID THAT, FOR THE FIRST TIME, HIS COMPANY WOULD 



UNCLASSIFIED 



NNNN 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 01 CAIRO 09300 04 OF 05 191527Z 

ACTION NEA-04 

INFO LOG-00 ADS-00 AID-GO INR-10 EUR-00 OIC-02 CIAE-00 
EB-00 DODE-00 10-19 NSAE-00 AMAD-01 PM-10 PA-02 
INRE-00 SP-02 PRS-01 7051 W 

037725 191615Z /38 

O 191452Z APR 88 
FM AMEMBASSY CAIRO 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2893 

INFO USDOC WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

AMCONSUL ALEXANDRIA 

AME2>IBASSY RIYADH 

AMEMBASSY TUNIS 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV 

AMEMBASSY AMMAN 

AMCONSUL JERUSALEM 

AMEMBASSY LONDON 

AMEMBASSY PARIS 

AMEMBASSY ROME 

COMSIXTHFLT 

USCINCCENT MACDILL AFB FL 
FBIS RESTON VA 
US I A WASHDC 82 64 
US INFO WASHDC 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 

UNCLAS SECTION 04 OF 05 CAIRO 09300 

USDOC FOR 4520/IEP/ANESA/ONE/JOHNSON 

USCINCCENT FOR POLAD 



Page - 8 



UNCIASSIFIBD 

Date Printed: 11/14/1996 DOC_NDMBER: 88CAIRO0930p CHANNEL: n/a 



ROME PASS MFO 

E.O. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: PREL, PGOV, PINS, EAID, ECON, EG, US, SA 
SUBJECT: CAIRO PRESS REVIEW, APRIL 19, 1988 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 CAIRO 09300 04 OF 05 191527Z 



SHIP 17000 TONS OF COKE TO THE US AT A VALUE OF DOLLARS 
1.6 MILLION. 

15. DOLLAR EXCHANGE RATE FOR APRIL 19 IS PT 225.0 FOR 
BUYING AND PT 225.6 FOR SELLING. 



OPPOSITION NEWS 



16. AMBASSADOR WISNER REACTIVATES NORMALIZATION. 
AL-SHAAB REPORTS AMBASSADOR WISNER HELD SEVERAL CONTACTS 
WITH SENIOR EGYPTIAN OFFICIALS WITH THE AIM OF 
REACTIVATING NORMALIZATION OF RELATIONS WITH ISRAEL. HE 
PRESENTED A PROPOSAL FOR HOLDING EGYPTIAN-ISRAELI TALKS IN 

THE FIELDS OF TOURISM AND AGRICULTURE, AS A MEANS OF 
EASING TENSIONS BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES. 

17 . RESERVATION TOWARDS A SOVIET OFFER . AL-WAFD REPORTS 
EGYPTIAN EXPERTS SHOWED RESERVATIONS TOWARDS A SOVIET 
OFFER TO FINANCE A POWER PLANT IN EIYOUN MUSA IN SINAI. 
THE EXPERTS CALLED FOR RECONSIDERING THE FINANCIAL AND 
TECHNICAL ASPECTS OF THE OFFER. 

18. TAXATION AGREEMENT. AL-WAFD REPORTS EGYPT AND THE US 
ARE SCHEDULED APRIL 21 TO SIGN A BILATERAL AGREEMENT TO 
PREVENT DOUBLE TAXATION. 

19. ON THE ASSASSINATION OF ABU JIHAD. AL-SHAAB' S 
EDITOR IN CHIEF OF ADEL HUSSEIN WRITES THAT HE VISITED ABU 
JIHAD TWO WEEKS AGO AND NOTICED THAT SECURITY AROUND HIS 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 CAIRO 09300 04 OF 05 191527Z 

HOUSE IN SIDI BOU SAID WAS VERY MINIMAL AND THAT WHEN HE 
(ADEL HUSSEIN) TOLD ABU JIHAD ABOUT THAT THE LATTER SAID 
TO HIM THAT THE TUNISIAN GOVERNMENT HAD PREVENTED HIM FROM 
HAVING ENOUGH GUARDS TO PROTECT HIM ON THE GROUNDS THAT IT 



Page - 9 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 



UNCLASSIFIED 
DOC_NDMBER: 88CAIRO09300 



CIUUmEL: n/a 



IS A SOVEREIGN COUNTRY THAT IS CAPABLE OF PROTECTING ITS 
GUESTS. HUSSEIN GOES ON TO ACCUSE TUNISIA FOR NOT 
PROVIDING PROTECTION FOR ABU JIHAD AND HELPING HIM HAVE A 
STABLE FOUNDATION FROM WHICH HE CAN RUN HIS CONTACTS AND 
OPERATIONS . 

ADEL HUSSEIN NOTES THAT NONE OF THE ARAB COUNTRIES HAS 
ACCEPTED TO PUT UP ABU JIHAD AND THAT IS WHY THEY ARE ALL 
RESPONSIBLE FOR HIS ASSASSINATION. THE EDITOR FURTHER 
ACCUSES EGYPT, A COUNTRY THAT HAS WEIGHT ON THE ARAB AND 
ISLAMIC SCENE, OF FAILING TO PROTECT THE ARABS AND 
CONFINING ITS ROLE TO HOPING THAT SHULTZ WOULD COME BACK 
TO THE REGION, THAT THE DEBTS WOULD BE RESCHEDULED, AND 
THAT WHEAT SUPPLIES WOULD CONTINUE. "WHERE WERE YOU, OH 
MEN OF THE REGIME? YOU KILLED ABU JIHAD WHEN YOU FAILED 
TO OFFER HIM ASSISTANCE AND REFUGE. YOU WILL KILL ALL THE 
ARABS IF YOU CONTINUE TO BE SO WEAK BEFORE THE ZIONISTS 
AND THEIR ALLIES , THE AMERICANS . " 

AL-WAFD'S WRITER IBRAHIM YOUNIS COMMENTS ON THE 
ASSASSINATION OF ABU JIHAD, NOTING THAT TUNISIA IS JUST 
LIKE ANY OTHER ARAB COUNTRY, INCLUDING EGYPT, THAT IS NO 

LONGER SAFE OR SECURE. BECAUSE OF SADAT AND HIS AGREEMENT 
WITH ISRAEL, THE CIA AND THE MOSSAD HAVE LEARNED 
EVERYTHING ABOUT EGYPT, AND THE EGYPTIAN SECURITY 
AUTHORITIES HAVE BECOME CONCERNED MORE WITH CHASING 
PATRIOTIC EGYPTIANS AND THE OPPOSITION PARTIES THAN WITH 



UNCLASSIFIED 



NNNN 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 01 CAIRO 09300 05 OF 05 191527Z 
ACTION NEA-04 

INFO LOG-00 ADS-00 AID-00 INR-10 EUR-00 OIC-02 CIAE-00 

EB-00 DODE-00 10-19 NSAE-00 AMAD-01 PM-10 PA-02 

INRE-00 SP-02 PRS-01 /051 W 

037737 191616Z /38 



Page - 10 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 



t7NCLA.SSIFIBD 
DOC.MOHBER: 88CAIRO09300 



CHANNEL: n/a 



O 191452Z APR 88 
FM AMEMBASSY CAIRO 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2894 

INFO USDOC WASHDC IMMEDIATE 

AMCONSUL ALEXANDRIA 

AMEMBASSY RIYADH 

AMEMBASSY TUNIS 

AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV 

AMEMBASSY AMMAN 

AMCONSXJL JERUSALEM 

AMEMBASSY LONDON 

AMEMBASSY PARIS 

AMEMBASSY ROME 

COMSIXTHFLT 

USCINCCENT MACDILL AFB PL 
FBIS RESTON VA 
US I A WASHDC 8265 
US INFO WASHDC 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 

UNCLAS SECTION 05 OF 05 CAIRO 09300 

USDOC FOR 4520/IEP/ANESA/ONE/JOHNSON 

USCINCCENT FOR POLAD 
ROME PASS MFO 
E.O. 12356; N/A 

TAGS: PREL, PGOV, PINS, EAID, ECON, EG, US, SA 
SUBJECT: CAIRO PRESS REVIEW, APRIL 19, 1988 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 CAIRO 09300 05 OF 05 191527Z 



HOUNDING FOREIGN AGENTS. ARAB SOCIETY HAS BECOME 
INSECURE; ARAFAT FEELS SECURE ONLY IN IRAQ WHERE, AS A 
RESULT OF WAR CIRCUMSTANCES, SECURITY IS VERY STRONG AND 
PALESTINIAN MEN ARE WELL PROTECTED. EGYPT SHOULD 
INVESTIGATE THE ASSASSINATION OF ABU JIHAD, AND THE MOSSAD 
AND CIA MEN SHOULD BE HOUNDED BY THE ARABS THE SAME WAY 
THE ARABS ARE HOUNDED BY ISRAEL AND THE CIA UNDER ANY 
FLIMSY PRETEXTS. 
WISNER 



Page - 11 



oate Printed; 11/14/1996 



DOG 



PAGE 01 
ACTION DSE-00 




;C01587 



CHANNEL: n/a (^1 



NOUAKC 01587 181527Z 



hOG-OO 

EB-00 

L-02 

INRE-00 

DOEE-00 

P-02 



ADS-00 

DODE-00 

AMAD-01 

CA-02 

M-01 

T-01 . 



AID-00 

NEA-05 

TRSE-00 

USSS-00 

NRC-02 

/034 W 



INK- 05 
NSCE-00 
PM-05 
USIE-00 
F AIM- 01 



SS-00 
NSAE-00 
PA- 02 
JUSE-00 
DS-01 



AP-00 
COME- GO 
FAAE-00 
FBIE-00 
SCT-02 



-344627 181528Z /38 



O 1815202 APR 88 

FM AMEMBASSY NOUAKCHOTT 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2807 



CIAE-00 

SSO-00 

CCO-00 

OC-02 

ZOVD-00 



NOUAKCHOTT 01587 



TERREP 



E.O. 12356: DECL: OADR 

TAGS: ASEC, MOPS, PREL, MR, ZP 

SUBJECT: TFGULP02 : MISSION RESPONSE TO THREAT 
ADVISORY 



REF: 



STATE 121680 



2. THIS MESSAGE PROVIDES MISSION RESPONSES TO 
ACTIONS REQUESTED PARA 6, REFTEL: 

(A) AMBASSADOR CONVENED THE POST'S EAC ON MORNING 
APRIL 17 (SUNDAY IS A REGULAR POST WORKDAY BECAUSE 
THIS IS AN ISLAMIC REPUBLIC) IN ORDER TO DETERMINE THE 
POSSIBLE LOCAL IMPACT OF THE ABU JIHAD ASSASSINATION 
IN TUNISIA ON THE SAFETY OF POST PERSONNEL AND PRIVATE 
AMCITS. AT THAT MEETING WE DECIDED TO ALERT ALL AMCIT 
PERSONNEL TO TAKE EXTRA PRECAUTIONS AND MAINTAIN LOW 
PROFILE UNTIL WE COULD ASCERTAIN LOCAL REACTIONS. 



NOUAKC 01587 181527Z 




PAGE 02 



THUS, WE WERE ALREADY IN A CAUTIONARY STANCE WHEN 
POST RECEIVED REFTEL. 

(B) USG EMPLOYEES AND DEPENDENTS HAVE BEEN ALERTED. 



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(C) POST WARDEN PLAN WAS REVISED AND DISTRIBUTED TO 
ALL PARTICIPANTS ON APRIL 7, ONLY ELEVEN DAYS AGO. 
WE ARE CONSIDERING POSSIBLE FOLLOW-UP WHERE IT MAY 
BE USEFUL, MAINLY WITH PRIVATE AMCITS. „.^. 

\\m\ inoinr 



Page - 1 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 




CBAMNEI.: n/a 



(D) WE REVIEWED OUR GENERAL DEFENSIVE STATUS AT THE 

EAC MEETING, AND THE PSO AND MSG ARE ON ALERT STATUS. 

(E) WE ARE CONTACTING AN APPROPRIATE GIRM SECURITY 
OFFICIAL ABOUT OUR NEW GULF-RELATED CONCERNS. 

(F) OUR LOCAL GUARDS ARE ON ALERT. 

(G) WE HAVE ADOPTED LOWER PROFILE. ONE SOCIAL EVENT 
PLANNED FOR TODAY HAS BEEN CANCELLED. THE AMERICAN 
CLUB IS CLOSED TODAY AND TOMORROW AS USUAL, AND WE 
WILL EVALUATE WHETHER IT SHOULD OPEN THEREAFTER ON A 
DAY-TO-DAY BASIS. 

(H) POST HAS NO USIS MISSION AND WE ARE REVIEWING 
POSSIBLE SHORT-TERM MODIFICATIONS OF OUR CONSULAR 
OPERATION. 

(I) WE HAVE REVIEWED OUR CLASSIFIED HOLDINGS AND DO 
NOT BELIEVE ANY REDUCTIONS ARE NEEDED AS MATTERS NOW 
STAND. 

(J) CONSOFP IS ALERTING PRIVATE AMCITS ABOUT THE 




PAGE 03 NOUAKC 01587 1815272 

THREAT. 

3 . IN ADDITION TO THE FOREGOING , THE AMBASSADOR HAS 
MADE AN APPOINTMENT WITH THE SENIOR MFA OFFICIAL CON- 
CERNED WITH MIDDLE EAST AND GULF AFFAIRS TO BRIEF HIM 
ON OUR RECENT ACTIONS AGAINST IRAN, TO DENY ANY USG 
ENCOURAGEMENT OR APPROVAL OF THE ALLEGED ISRAELI 
ASSASSINATION OF ABU JIHAD, AND TO SEEK HIS READOUT 
OF THE GIRM REACTION TO THESE EVENTS. ON APRIL 18 
THE DCM TOOK ADVANTAGE OF HIS PREVIOUSLY SCHEDULED 
MEETING WITH A SENIOR MFA OFFICIAL BRIEFLY TO STATE 
THE USG POSITION ON THESE TWO EVENTS, AND GOT A FAVORABLE 
RESPONSE. THAT WAS THAT WE CAN BE CERTAIN THAT THE GIRM 
WELCOMES THE USG ACTION IN THE GULF AGAINST IRAN, AND 
HOPES THAT SECRETARY SHULTZ NEXT WEEK CAN CONVINCE SOVIET 
FOREIGN MINISTER SHEVARDNADZE THAT THE TIME HAS COME TO 
ENFORCE UNSC RESOLUTION 598. OUR INTERLOCUTOR ALSO 
EXPRESSED THE HOPE OF ALL AMERICA'S ARAB FRIENDS, WHICH 
HE SAID INCLUDES MAURITANIA, THAT THE USG CAN CONVINCE 
ISRAEL TO MODERATE ITS CONDUCT. HE DID NOT, HOWEVER, 
CRITICIZE THE USG FOR POSSIBLE CONNECTIONS WITH ISRAELI 
ACTIONS IN THE OCCUPIED TERRITORIES OR THE ASSASSINATION 
OF ABU JIH2U3. 
PUGH 




Date Printed: 11/14/1996 



DOC NOHBER 



'J CHANNEL: n/a 



PAGE 01 STATE 051743 TOSEC 050150 

ORIGIN SS-00 



INFO LOG-00 ADS-00 SSO-00 AMAD-01 CCO-00 ( AS-01 CIAE-00 
DODE-00 NSCE-00 NSAE-00 INRE-00 )/001 R 

66011 

DRAFTED BY : S/ S-O : PDZELIKOW 
APPROVED BY:S/S-0: JJNORRIS 



-054247 290341Z /38 



O 281547Z FEB 88 ZFF5 

FM SECSTATE WASHDC 

INFO USDEL SECRETARY IMMEDIATE 

USDEL SECRETARY AIRCRAFT IMMEDIATE 



STATE 061743 TOSEC 050150 

EXDIS DECAPTiOf^EO 

FOLLOWING AMMAN 023 6 9 DTD FEB 28, SENT ACTION SECSTATE 
BEING REPEATED FOR YOUR INFO. 



QUOTE 



AMMAN 02369 



EXDIS 

DEPT FOR S/S ONLY PENDING CLEARANCE 

PASS SECRETARY'S PARTY ASAP FOR CLEARANCE 

E.O. 12356: DECL: OADR 

TAGS: OVIP (SHULTZ, GEORGE P.), JO 

SUBJECT: THE SECRETARY'S MEETING WITH JORDANIAN 
CROWN PRINCE HASSAN, FEBRUARY 27- -THE 
GULF WAR 

THE FOLLOWING IS A DRAFT MEMCON OF THE SECRETARY'S 
MEETING IN JORDAN FEBRUARY 27 FOR THE PORTION 
CONCERNING THE GULF WAR. WE SUGGEST GULF WAR 
COLLECTIVE DISTRIBUTION (NOTE BAGHDAD ON MINIMIZE) . 



STATE 061743 TOSEC 050150 




PAGE 02 



2. THIS IS AN ACTION MESSAGE; SEE PARA 6. 

. 3 . TOWARDS THE END OF HIS MEETING FEBRUARY 27 WITH 
THE SECRETARY, JORDANIAN CROWN PRINCE HASSAN RAISED 
THE SUBJECT OF THE IRAN- IRAQ WAR. HASSAN NOTED THE 
GULF WAR'S IMPORTANCE AS A REGIONAL PROBLEM AND 



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Page - 1 




Date Printed: 11/14/1996 DOC_Il]E)HB^ISt\8B4^i!e9B0 CHANNEL: n/a 



REAFFIRMED KING HUSSEIN'S INTEREST IN RECEIVING A 
FULL BRIEFING ON U.S. DIPLOMACY IN MOSCOW AND AT THE 
UN SECURITY COUNCIL WHEN HE MEETS THE SECRETARY IN 
LONDON MARCH 1. 

4. THE SECRETARY RESPONDED THAT THE SOVIETS CONTINUE 
TO BELIEVE THAT THERE NEEDS TO BE A SPECIAL EFFORT BY 
THE UN SECRETARY GENERAL (UNSYG) WITH IRAN, WHEREAS 
THE U.S. BELIEVES THAT THIS HAS ALREADY BEEN TRIED. 

HOWEVER, RECOGNIZING THAT UN SECURITY COUNCIL 
AGREEMENT ON A SECOND RESOLUTION IS ESSENTIAL, THE 
U.S. PROPOSED THAT WE MOVE TO A VOTE SOON, POSSIBLY 
BY FEBRUARY 29, TO SET UP A SECOND RESOLUTION ON AN 
ARMS EMBARGO VffilCH WOULD HAVE AN EFFECTIVE DATE 3 0 OR 
60 DAYS LATER. IN THE INTERIM, THE UNSYG WOULD BE 
INSTRUCTED TO APPOINT A SPECIAL NEGOTIATOR WHO WOULD 
USE THIS TIME PERIOD IN ANOTHER EFFORT TO PERSUADE 
THE PARTIES TO ACCEPT UNSCR 598. IF THE NEGOTIATOR 
DOES NOT REPORT SUCCESS, THE SANCTIONS WOX^jD THEN- GO 
INTO EFFECT. THE SECRETARY ADDED THAT THE SOVIETS 
HAVE FOUND THIS APPROACH INTERESTING AND HAVE 
DISCUSSED IT WITH IRAQ AND OTHERS. 



IN RESPONSE TO PRIME MINISTER RIFA'I'S QUESTION, 




PAGE 03 STATE 061743 TOSEC 050150 

THE SECRETARY SAID THAT THE CURRENT BRITISH DRAFT 
UNDER CONSIDERATION WITHIN THE UNSC WOULD NEED TO BE 
AMPLIFIED TO REFLECT THIS PROCEDURE. ASSISTANT 
SECRETARY MURPHY ADDED THAT A VOTE MAY COME AS EARLY 
AS FEBRUARY 29 OR MARCH 1. 

6. ACTION REQUESTED: HASSAN MENTIONED THAT KING 
HUSSEIN WOULD BE ASKING THE SECRETARY FOR AN UPDATE 
ON THE GULF WAR. WE RECOMMEND THAT THE DEPARTMENT 
PREPARE APPROPRIATE TALKING POINTS IN TIME FOR THE 
MEETING TUESDAY, MARCH 1, IN LONDON. 

7. BAGHDAD MINIMIZE CONSIDERED. SUDDARTH 
UNQUOTE WHITEHEAD 



Pagj 



Date Printed: 11/14/1996 




3 



CHANNEL: 



PAGE 01 
ACTION SS-00 

INFO LOG- 00 



AMMAN 02369 281323Z 



ADS-00 



SSO-00 



/GOO W 
046660 



281324Z /38 



0 281320Z FEB 88 
FM AMEMBASSY AMMAN 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 7377 
AMMAN 02369 



EXDis , i ,ft#aBi%##=^r' I bUslEU 

DEPT FOR S/S ONLY PENDING CLEARANCE 

PASS SECRETARY'S PARTY ASAP FOR CLEARANCE 

E.O. 12356: DECL: OADR 

TAGS: OVIP (SHULTZ, GEORGE P.), JO 

SUBJECT: THE SECRETARY'S MEETING WITH JORDANIAN 

CROWN PRINCE HASSAN, FEBRUARY 27 --THE 

GULF WAR 

THE FOLLOWING IS A DRAFT MEMCON OF THE SECRETARY'S 
MEETING IN JORDAN FEBRUARY 27 FOR THE PORTION 
CONCERNING THE GULF WAR. WE SUGGEST GULP WAR 
COLLECTIVE DISTRIBOTION (NOTE BAGHDAD ON MINIMIZE) . 



2. THIS IS AN ACTION MESSAGE; SEE PARA 6. 

3 . TOWARDS THE END OF HIS MEETING FEBRUARY 27 WITH 
THE SECRETARY, JORDANIAN CROWN PRINCE HASSAN RAISED 
THE SUBJECT OF THE IRAN- IRAQ WAR. HASSAN NOTED THE 
GULF WAR'S IMPORTANCE AS A REGIONAL PROBLEM AND 
REAFFIRMED KING HUSSEIN'S INTEREST IN RECEIVING A 
FULL BRIEFING ON U.S. DIPLOMACY IN MOSCOW AND AT THE 
UN SECURITY COUNCIL WHEN HE MEETS THE SECRETARY IN 
LONDON MARCH 1. 




PAGE 02 



AMMAN 02369 281323Z 



4 . THE SECRETARY RESPONDED THAT THE SOVIETS CONTINUE 
TO BELIEVE THAT THERE NEEDS TO BE A SPECIAL EFFORT BY 
THE UN SECRETARY GENERAL (UNSYG) WITH IRAN, WHEREAS 
THE U.S. BELIEVES THAT THIS HAS ALREADY BEEN TRIED. 
HOWEVER, RECOGNIZING THAT UN SECURITY COUNCIL 
AGREEMENT ON A SECOND RESOLUTION IS ESSENTIAL, THE 
U.S. PROPOSED THAT WE MOVE TO A VOTE SOON, POSSIBLY 
BY FEBRUARY 29, TO SET UP A SECOND RESOLUTION ON AN 

tnnirj r i 



Page 





Date Printed: 11/14/1996 DOC.NUtffii^i ii;P^^i^^!^^¥^€9 CHANNBI.: n/a 



ARMS EMBARGO WHICH WOULD HAVE AN EFFECTIVE DATE 3 0 OR 
60 DAYS LATER. IN THE INTERIM, THE UNSYG WOULD BE 
INSTRUCTED TO APPOINT A SPECIAL NEGOTIATOR WHO WOULD 
USE THIS TIME PERIOD IN ANOTHER EFFORT TO PERSUADE 
THE PARTIES TO ACCEPT UNSCR 598. IF THE NEGOTIATOR 
DOES NOT REPORT SUCCESS, THE SANCTIONS WOULD THEN GO 
INTO EFFECT. THE SECRETARY ADDED THAT THE SOVIETS 
HAVE FOUND THIS APPROACH INTERESTING AND HAVE 
DISCUSSED IT WITH IRAQ AND OTHERS. 



5. IN RESPONSE TO PRIME MINISTER RIFA'I'S QUESTION, 
THE SECRETARY SAID THAT THE CURRENT BRITISH DRAFT 
UNDER CONSIDERATION WITHIN THE UNSC WOULD NEED TO BE 
AMPLIFIED TO REFLECT THIS PROCEDURE. ASSISTANT 
SECRETARY MURPHY ADDED THAT A VOTE MAY COME AS EARLY 
AS FEBRUARY 29 OR MARCH 1. 

6. ACTION REQUESTED: HASSAN MENTIONED THAT KING 

HUSSEIN WOULD BE ASKING THE SECRETARY FOR AN UPDATE 
ON THE GULF WAR. WE RECOMMEND THAT THE DEPARTMENT 
PREPARE APPROPRIATE TALKING POINTS IN TIME FOR THE 
MEETING TUESDAY, MARCH 1, IN LONDON. 



7 ■ BAGHDAD MINIMIZE CONSIDERED. SUDDARTH 



PAGE 03 AMMAN 02369 281323Z 



TEXT OF TELEQRAH 795EO0U 01807S 



PAQE 01 SEOUU 18075 280954Z 

ACTION SS-30 

INFO OCT-01 ADS-00 SSO-00 /031 W 



0 2809502 NOV 79 

FH AHEMBASSY SEOUL 

TO SECSTATE WASHOC IMMEDIATE 2646 



EOUL 18075 




^ ■ 5<;rDEcI^isi?r|MR cases Only. 

f\ DECLASSlrV 



1 ) DELETE Non-Responaivi) Into 

FO>A Exemptions, — • 

PA Exemptions 



-021949 281008Z /19 



HO Citations, 



( )' DOWNGRADE TS to i IS 



TS authority 
or I 1 C OAD 
of( )COA0 




E.O. 12065:RDS-1 11/28/99 (QLEYSTEEN. W.H.) OR-H . •.= ■ r. S 

TAGS: PEPR.PGOV.KS.US • , ■■• . ■ • „ ;,. H<! ' 

SUBJECT; ROK PRESIDENTIAL INAUGURATION . .; . j 

REF! A. STATE 305997YB, SEOUL 17961^ ! '(WV.Sy J^ilA^: t-^^' \ 



1. (C) ENTIRE TEXT. ' ; OZ'^ti: J^Z^^^'j!."^^ 1§ j 



2. I TOLD FONMIN PARK TONG JIN NOVEMBER 28 THAT MY 
COLLEAGUES IN THE DEPARTMENT AND I FELT THE ROKG WOULD 
MAKE A MISTAKE IF IT SOUGHT HIGH LEVEL U.S. AND JAPANESE 
REPRESENTATION AT THE DECEMBER INAUGURATION. BECAUSE OF 
HOLIDAYS, IRAN. AND THE QUESTIONABLE SYMBOLISM. IT WOULD 
BE DIFFICULT TO GET A SENIOR U.S. DELEGATION TO SEOUL. 
MORE IMPORTANT, PROMINENT DELEGATIONS MIGHT CONVEY THE 
WRONG SIGNAL TO KOREANS ABOUT THE INTENTIONS OF THE 
INTERIM GOVERNMENT TO FULFILL A LIMITED MANDATE. THE 
FONMIN INITIALLY DISAGREED WITH ME, STATING THAT HE 
FELT THE KOREAN (>EOPLE WOULD WELCOME A HIGH LEVEL U.S. 
DELEGATION AS EVIDENCE THAT WE SUPPORTED A POLITICALLY 
NEUTRAL PRESIDENT FOR THE INTERIM PERIOD. I SUGGESTED 
WE COULD INDICATE OUR SUPPORT IN OTHER WAYS AND, AS WE 
TALKED, PARK SEEMED TO ACCEPT THE IDEA OF ROUTINE REPRE- 
SENTATION AT THE AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL. 



SEOUL 18075 280954Z 



3. AT A MINIMUM THE ROKQ IS NOW ON NOTICE THAT WE 00 
NOT WISH TO SEND A HIGH LEVEL DELEGATION, AND HOPEFULLY 
THEY WILL TAKE THE INITIATIVE OF LETTING US KNOW THAT 
THEY HAVE CHANGED THEIR HINDS, 

4. ACTION REQUESTED: I WOULD LIKE TO BE AUTHORIZED TO 
INFORM THE fmklH THAT WHILE WE CONSIDER AMBASSADORIAL 
REPRESENTATION THE MOST APPROPRIATE LEVEL FOR THE 

PAGE NO. 



ICMP 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 79SEOUL 018075 



INAUGURATION WE INTEND TO SEND A CONGRATULATORY LETTER TO 
THE ACTING PRESIDENT FROM PRESIDENT CARTER WHICH WOULD 
COMMEND THE NEW PRESIDENT'S ROLE OF PRESIDING OVER THE 
AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF A BROADER 
POLITICAL CONSENSUS IN KOREAN SOCIETY. SUCH A LETTER 
WOULD SERVE OUR INTERESTS AND PROBABLY GO A LONG WAY TO 
SATISFY CHOI. FONHIN PARK SEEMED VERY INTEKESTED IN THIS 
IDEA. PLEASE ADVISE. GLEYSTEEN 




NNN 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 79SE0UL 017966 



BEyARTMENT OF STATE „ 

FxcisE ( ) Declassify 

( ) DELETE Non-Rasponsive Info 

FOtA ExempUon»___. ■ 

PA; ewmptlonsv— — 



PAGE 01 SEOUL 17966 26O950Z 

ACTION EA-12 

INFO OCT-01 ADS-00 CIAE-00 DOOE-OO PM-06 H-01 INR-10 
L-03 NSAE-OO PA-01 SP-02 SS-15 NSCE-00 SSO-00 
ICAE-OO INRE-OO AODA-12 10-14 0«B-01 SPH-01 
TRSE-00 SY-05 SYE-00 OC-06 CCO-00 /090 V 

0O690O 261018Z /14 

0 26093 1Z NOV 79 

FW AMEMBASSY SEOUL 

TO SECSTATE WASHOC IMMEDIATE 2590 

INFO AMEMBASSY TOKYO 

SA CINCUNC KB ; 
CHOUSMAQ SEOUL KS 
COMUSKOREA SEOUL KS//SJS 

SEOUL 17966 

E.O. 12065: GDS 11/26/85 (CLARK, WILLIAM) OR-P 
TAQS: SHUN PINS KS 

SUBJECT: (U) ANTI -OOVERNMENT 0EW0N5TRATI0N AT YWCA HALL 
AND LEAFLETS DISTRIBUTED AT SEOUL NATIOfJAL 
UNIVERSITY 

1. fMsUMMARY. ANTI-ROKG DISSIDENTS MOUNTED A DEHONSTRA- 
TION^TT PROTEST THE UPCOMING NATIONAL CONFERENCE FOR 
UNIFICATION (NCU) ELECTION' FOR PRESIDENT. ANTI-ROKG 
LEAFLETS WERE DISTRIBUTED AT SEOUL NATIONAL UNIVERSITY 
(SNU) BUT STUDENTS FAILED TO DEMONSTRATE. THE MARTIAL LAW 
COMMAND (MLC) ALLOWED ROK MEDIA TO REPORT THE YWCA DEMON- 
STRATION WITH A RESTATEMENT OF THE MLC'S DETERMINATION TO 
PREVENT SOCIAL DISORDER. END SUMMARY. 

2. (U) THE MLC ANNOUNCED NOVEMBER 26 THAT THERE HAD BEEN 
A GATHERING AT THE YWCA HALL IN SEOUL NOVEMBER 24 TO 
PROTEST THE UPCOMING NCU PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION. THE REPORT 
WAS CARRIED A3 THE TOP STORY IN THE NOVEMBER 26. AFTERNOON 
PAPERS. ACCDRDIMQ TO THE MLC. THE ORGANIZERS ARRANGED THE 




_TS authority to. 

, j OOWNQRADE IS JO 1 )S«l ISOAOR 




PAGE 02 



SEOUL 17966 260950Z 



MEETING IN THE GUISE OF A WEDDING CEREMONY, INCLUDING THE 
SENOINa OF BOO INVITATION CARDS AND TWO PEOPLE DRESSED AS 
BRIDE AND GROOM. PAK CHANQ-TAE, FORMER DEMOCRATIC REPUBLI- 
CAN ASSEMBLYMAN WHO BROKE WITH THE ROKQ OVER THE ISSUE OF 
A THIRD PRESIDENTIAL TERM IN 1969, READ "A NATIONAL DECLAR- 
ATION FOR STOPPING THE NCU ELECTION" WHICH URGED THE PEOPLE 
"TO RISE UP" AND DEMONSTRATE IN ALL MAJOR CITIES, INCLUDING 
THE KWANQHWAHUN INTERSECTION IN SEOUL. THE MLC ARRESTED 96 
PERSONS FOR VIOLATING MARTIAL LAW, DECREE *1'S BAN ON 

PAGE NO. 




TEXT OF TELEGRAM 79SE0UL 017966 



ASSEMBLY. Th«SE DETAINED INCLUDED PAK, YANQ SUN-SHIK, 
HAM SQK-HON (CO-CHAIRMAN WITH KIM TAE-CHUNG AND YUN PO-SQN 
OF THE NATIONAL ALLIANCE FOR DEMOCRACY AND UNIFICATION). 
AND FORMER TONGA ILBO REPORTER KIM PYONQ-ML. THE MLC 
REPEATED THAT IT "WILL NOT TOLERATE ANY ACTS WHICH CREATE 
SOCIAL DISORDER" AND THAT THE INCIDENT WILL BE CLOSELY 
INVESTIGATED. 

3. ALTHOUGH THE MLC ANNOUNCEMENT DID NOT IDENTIFY ANY 
SPECIFIC GROUPS AS BEING BEHIND THE YWCA DEMONSTRATION, IT 
APPEARS TO, HAVE BEEN JOINTLY ORGANIZED BY THE SAME FIVE 
GROUPS WHICH ISSUED A STATEMENT NOVEMBER 13 CRITICIZING 
■CURRENT ROKG I^LICY: DISMISSED. PROFESSORS' ASSOCIATION, 
TONGA STRUGGLE COMMITTEE, FAMILIES OF THE PRISONERS OF 
CONSCIENCE ASSOCIATION. YOUTH AND STUDENTS FOR DEMOCRACY. 
AND LITERARY FIGURES FOR THE REALIZATION OF FREEDOM. AN 
ESTIMATED 500 PEOPLE PARTICIPATED. A SOURCE IN THE MLC 
SAYS THE LEAFLETS DISTRIBUTED AT THE DEMONSTRATION LISTED 
A NUteER OF POLITICAL FIGURES AND SDK ROK BUSINESSMEN AS 
ENEMIES OF DEMOCRACY; THE MLC REPORTEDLY SENT EACH PERSON 
SO NAMED A COPY OF THE LEAFLET. 

4. IHIa handful of STUDENTS AT SEOUL NATIONAL UNIVERSITY 
NOVEMBER 22 DISTRIBUTED LEAFLETS CALLING FOR THE 




PAGE 03 SEOUL 17966 260950Z 

REINSTATEMENT OF EXPELLED STUDENTS AND FIRED PROFESSORS, 
CAMPUS FREEDOM, AND THE ELIMINATION OF THE STUDENT DEFENSE 
CORPS AND THE RESTORATION OF "DEMOCRATIC STUDENT OOVERN- 
MENT." POLICE PICKED UP TWO STUDENTS. 

5. ^B'^OMMENT ; THESE TWO INCIDENTS DEMONSTRATE THAT 
SIGNIFICANT ELEMENTS AMONG THE DISSIDENTS AND THE STUDENT 
ACTIVISTS ARE NOT WILLING TO FOLLOW THE ADVICE OF OTHERS 
WHO URGE RESTRAINT IN THE CURRENT SITUATION. A NUMBER OF 
SOURCES HAVE TOLD US THAT SOME MEMBERS OF THE ANT I -ROKG 
MOVEMENT BELIEVE THAT THE PRESENT IS THE TIME TO PUSH AHEAD 
■WITH THEIR DEMANDS AND IGNORE PLEAS FOR MODERATION. THE 
INGENUITY OF MOUNTING A MOCK WEDDING CEREMONY SHOWS THAT 
THEY WILL NOT BE DETERRED BY THE MINOR DETAILS OF MARTIAL 
LAW. THEIR AGRESSIVENESS. HOWEVER, SUGGESTS THAT THESE 
ANTI-ROKG HARDLINERS HAY BE DISTANCING THEMSELVES (AT 
LEAST FOR THE PRESENT) FROM THE MASS SUPPORT WHICH THEY 
NEED FOR SUCCESS. THE MLC'S WILLINGNESS TO ALLOW NEWS OF 
SUCH ACTIVITIES TO APPEAR IN THE MEDIA SEEtJS TO INDICATE 
THAT SUCH IS THE MLC'S PERCEPTION OF THE SITUATION. IF 
THE GOVERNMENT MOVES TOO SLOWLY. THE HARDLINERS HAY FIND 
A LARGER AND MORE SYMPATHETIC UDIENCE. AS AN ASIDE, 
SOME OF THOSE MOST INTERESTED IN SEEING THE U.S. TAKE AN 
ACTIVE ROLE IN PRODUCING DEMOCRACY STATE THAT A PUBLIC 
PERCEPTION BY THE KOREAN POPULATION THAT THE U.S. IS TOO 
CLOSELY TIED TO THE PRESENT ROKG (ESPECIALLY IF IT 

PAGE I 





TEXT OF TELEGRAM 79SE0UL 017966 



LIBERALIZES IN AN EXCESSIVELY LEISURELY FASHION) COULD 
PRODUCE ANTI-U.S. OUTBURSTS SUCH AS THOSE IN IRAN AND 
PAKISTAN. OTHERS HAVE USED THE IRAN EXAMPLE 
TO WARN US AGAINST PRESSING TOO HARD ON THE CURRENT ROKQ. 

GLEYSTEEN 




PA6E NO. 3 



Pa9i!0.0 3-0766 



PAGE' il 



Depafjmini of State 



SEOUU «l 9f 09 15i<tf43Z IcCP t ^ 0 ^ 15 COPWST 



INCOMING 



0 laetfaaz mar se 

Fn AftEHBASSY SCOUU 

TO secSTATE tfASHOC JMnEOJATE 4840 

'9ECTI0N at or 0S seouu esuss 



EKGISE 



C&at A'V C8t3fifm retnovprf;-; 

transferred fo O TADRe.>c; 
Cat. B.-TransferrrK! to O'rACRC iQ 
.v- ., w{fi,a"ciitianal eccess ... 
■ coatrpUed try S''S 
C«it. C - Caption and custody 

E,0, iaa68»R0«-3 3/l8/aa C5l.ET5TEEN» Hth.J OR+M . ret^J5>crftT'/S.'S^ ' 
SUBJECTl YfeT ANOTHER ASSESSMENT OF ROK STABlLffy^ mP^' "^''"^ 



NOOIS 

co««ecTEoco.pr (text • para 4) 



POUXTXCAU OEVEUOPnENT 
CNTXRE TEXT. 



NODJS REVIEW y 



I* 

8, 8EC2N »U«rt*Hyi THE PROSPECTS FOR 8T*ilLITT ANO OE- 
H0CRATIC«HXN0e(>NE«9 IN THE ROK OUFiING X9i\6 ARE FAIR, AL- 
THOUSH TM aOINQ «tUU BET ROUGHER RAThErt THAN EASIEK AS THE 
YEAR CMURnS on, THE STuOENTS COUkO PROVE ifOJl,i!l»* Btfl 
CXVXU UNREST tilWU PROBABUY BE MfetU XN CHECK, OXBSIOEnTS 
HAVE NOT FOONO THiXK BALANCE IN THE FACE OF A CUVtRNMtNT 
HHXCN t« KEUAXZMa RCtTNZCTXONSr MRlUf POUITICIANS ARE 9b« 
HAVXNC CXRCU^BPECTUY FOR FEaH OF PROVOKINfi THE wlUlTARY 
AND OfiSTROYXN(i THE OPPORTUNITY FOR POUlTlCAJ, PROGRESS, 
FOR THE BHOKY TESH HflRKCRS MAY TArtE A TEMPORARY RfeOUCTJON 
Xn real InCONE RATHER TtiAN RESORT TO STRIOEnT OEHANUS as 
A RESPONSE TO DEPRESSED ECONOHIC CONOXTIOnS. THE GOVbPN- 
«£NT is OPEKATINC kith enough COM^'ETENCt TO COPE WITH TnE 
NATION'S PRUBuEmS — . AT t£*ST TO THE PQIMT OF NUT PHO- 
VIOXNO a convenient excuse for TMUSfe *HQ NIGHT wISH TU 
TERMINATE XT* FROCHAN Of «0«0|Ri.Y OtMyCfiAylZATION" , 

DEPARTMENT OF STATE^O^iki^^^JfiSHl^ 



( J RELEASE 
^ EXCISE 
( ) DENY 

PA Exemptions.—. 



, DECLASSIFY 
ij\ DcCi-AdotFr 



(fw PART 
iflive info 



MR Cases jfonly- 



TS authority to: 

( ) 8 or t ) C OADR 



LCar. 



mmE 



NOTTOBf RfPROOUCID Without Trtt AUIHOPlZATION or THEeXfCUTIVESeCfiUARY 




. . , , INCOAAINdl 



3, THC OOOS <)f AN 6*R{,Y «IUlT*Rr COUP S6EH TO «*VE RE" 
CeoeO — IN l»ART 8£C*U8e mILITAHY OFFJCBR* are COfllWG. TO 
UN0ER5TAN0 THE COMPuexlTY OF KOREA'J tCONQflYf THi DELICACY 
OF KOREA'S FOREIGN REUATIONSMIPS, AND THE QUIJE APFARfcNT 
C0NaEN«U8 OF HOST K0REAN3 OPPOSINQ * OIRECT MILITARY KOUE 
IN POLITICS. THE THREAT Of EARLY InTERNECInE STRIFE til TH- 
IN THE ROR ARMY OQE« NOT 8EEH AS UREAT AS A FEw WEEKS AfiO— 
LARGELY BECAUSE OF THE SOBSTAtiTXAL SHIFT OF KEY TROOP 
COMMANDERS ANO AWARENESS THAT THE US6 WOULO NOT SUPPORT AN 
EFFORT TO UPSET THE CURRENT EQUILIBRIUM. 

4, WITHIN THE CONTROL STRUCTURE A PARTICUtARLY w-^h.-ISOME 
PHENOHENON IS THE EREaT POwER OF CHUN 000 HWAN* l«m HAS 
SPREAO HM INTCLLISENCE SECURITY NET THROUGHOUT THE UU- 
TARY »TRUCTURfe, ANOi DESPITE FLAT ASSURANCES *G*InST IN- 
VOLVING HIMSELF IN POLITICS CaS HE „„„ 
GIVES THE mPRESSION OF A H*N 8I0INS MiS TIME TO TAKE OVER 
CPNTROL OF THE GOVERNMENT EITHER DIkECTlY OR BEhInO SOME 
FACAOe, SHOULD "HE TRY TO EXTEND MiS FORHAL POWER TO IN- 
CLUDE THE KCIA OR MANIPULATE THE STRUCTURING OF THE NEXT 
ELECTIONS! HE COULO PRECIPITATE OANCERflUS PUBLIC UNKfcST 
AND REACTIVATE STRESSES wiThIn The KOK *RiiY " tVEN HIS 
OCCEH^CR ta COLLAdORATORS MIGHT TURN ON r(IM« 

«, ANOTHER SOURCS OF SERIOUS CONCERN 18 THE DEPTH OF 
DISTRUST OF THE SENIOR MILITARY LtAOERSHlP TOnAHO KtM YONfc 
SAK AND KIM TAE CmUNG, SINCE THIS CANNOT it ERASED IN 
m SHORT TIrtE BEFORE ELECTIONS, THE «I».iTA«Yj.U.L BE 
TENPTcO TO JOIN A BUHEAuCHATlC/BUSIhESS COALmON TO PRt- 
JUUICE THE CONTEST ANO POSSIBLY TU REf-USE TO ACCEPT THE 
RESULTS IF THE NOP 3MUUL0 -IN. FUHTUnATELYi S0«E SENIOR 
OFFICERS RECOGNIZE THaT ThEAkMY «0UL0 JEOPARDIZE ITS 



NOT TO BE REPRODUCED 

I I Mlil_,..iJPitpf|i|PiWiiiniiTrifM "h^iim^ {" 



HORi: 



WitHoui'r'HE aSIihOrization OF the executive secretary 





POPULAR SUPPORT IF XT ttlHt TO eNGAGfc XN CROOE^NXPUUATIOl* 
BEFORE AH SUCCTION 0« ATT6HPT TO TOPPWi * POPUURUY 
EUECTCO NOP-teo COVeRNHENT *T tEAST BEFORE rt*0 
8U0TTE0 1T» COPYBOOK, 

«, MOPEfUULY PRESIDENT ChOI AND MIS GOVERNME^L wiLU BE 
ABte TO CARrtY THROUCM COWTIruTIO^*^. *«feN0«eNfiANO OIKECT 
ELECTXDNS nORE OR U£S8 AS PUAKNEO WITH A RESUUTXNU (iOVERN* 
HBNT THAT IS SOHEHMAT MORE UlBBRAU THAN THE P^^SVIOUS ONE. 
CONCEIVABLY TrtE CONTEST HXl.1, t»E A STRAICHTPORWRO OmE 
BETWEEN THE NOP AND ORP KIMS, BUT 0IV6N TmE N.^BER OF 
SumuCRATIi ttUSINESSMEN, ANO SOUDIERS hITH ApiNTEKEST 
JN THE OUTCOHEr THEY f<AY TRY TO INJECT OTHER IfUAYERS IN 
THE RACE ANO SIVE THEN SPECXAU AUVANTAaES, AWTHOUb SUCH 
A MOVE MIGHT OISTURfi ROUSSEAU OEMtiCRATSi w£ SNOULU. NOi 
JUMP TO THE CONCUUSION THAT IT *(OULO SIGNAL Tt(E RETURN -JF 
VUSHXN OR it UNiiCCEPTABLE TO THE KOREAN PuBLiq* ENU 
SUNHAffY. 

7, THE JUXTAPOSITION IN LOCAL HEOIA UF «£W5 A«OUT Kl« 
TaE CHUNG'S RECENT RETUSN TO POLITICS *nO ChUN' 000 rtwAN'S 
PROMOTION TO LIEUTENANT GENERAL CONJURES UP CONTRASTING 
PICTURES OF KOREA, THE FIRST IS OF A COUNTRY PROCEtOlNO 
MORE OR LESS ON SCHEDULE hITM PKONISES OF POLITICAL EyOLU" 
TIOn ANO HEAOEO • RATHER UN6EHEVA8LY - fOH T«*n5F0HHATX0N 
f«a« THE AUTHORITARIAN ONE-NAN l^ULE OF THE YUSHIN £hA TU A 
FULLY DEMOCRATIC SYSTEM IN NOT MUCH OVEK ONE YEAR. ThE 
SECOND MORE SINI8TEH PICTURE FQCUSSES On CKun 000 HmAN'S 
GRADUAL AGG»*AhOIZEHtNT OF POWER TO THE POINT »irlERE MANY 
FEEL HE ALRtAOY CONTROLS BASIC GOVERNMENT PULICY,, HE HAS 
HON THE BATTLE OVER HIS THIRO STAR, EXTENOEti HIS INTEL- 
LIGENCE SECURITY NET THROUGHOUT THE AKMEO ScRvICES tfY 
MEANS OF A COMMISSAR SYSTEMf AND SET ABOUT UEALINS ;<«ITH ALL 



• < , A v 
. - A' 



NOT TO BE REPRODUCED WHHdlSpXW AUJHORIZATJON OF 



■F; ■ 



THE iXECUIIVESKKtTARY- 



11/ ■ flP*"-* 



uimssra ,,,3335 a 




PAse 01 SEOUL eSidad. ea of fi^ .usstsz 

ACTION N0D9<i«H . . 




znfo ocT"et AU8-ae c xoos } m 



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0 12)96292 MAN Bit 

F(4 AM&noASSY SgOUL 

to S«5T*TE •iASHOC XMMEOlATt 48-Sl 

secTioN tf8 UF e9 seuuu lasiiss 



>■■- '-'• ■■Anne 



t90i442Z •r-ns! access 

.■; . r- ■\":'!vi f..s . 

Or;. C - C «r<r custody 

I '■■c.-^ -.-.'P - by £:::^h Kelly Jr. 



NODXS ■ • 

KIN08 OF PeOFUe Xh A HANNER SUBBESTIVt OF A NATIONAu 
LEaSeR «ATH« THAh SECURITY OFFICER, SeNfiHAULY, HE 
GIVES THE IflPKESSION OF A MAN BIOiNS MtS TIME TO TAAE 
OVER PoSer EITHEH OlHECTLY OK dEriINO A CIVIUAN FACAuE. 

SStS mStures pSrtray ihpo«tant aspects of;^50utj; KOSe* 8 

CONTEMPORARY REALITY, ULTIHATEUY ThE INHERENT CONTKAOIC* 
TIOnS «LL HAVE TO BE RESOtVEOI YET NO 0N£ KNOtS fcXACTLY 
lo^ ^heJ T«IS «!L 0«UK. ANO «OST peC.Pte.8 JUOttMtNT 

IS COrtPWlCATEU aY UNCERTAINTY* IGNORANCt* A«0 RUHOR- 
HONGERING, 

8, rtO« STAJitfc 18 SOUTH KOREA? 

8RAMTING THAT THE TUOftnEfl TE8T8 UlE AnEAOi THfe PKOSKEttTS 
FOR STAblUlTY a"5 0ert0CKATIC.«I(s0t0(VES5 THROUGH JS»rf ABfe 
NOT 8AQ. THE 0008 UF A OANGEROuS OISRUHTION, SUC* AS A 
MILITARY COUF OK ftAASIVE 5Ty0fcNT/l»0(<XfcH UPRISINU UO 
NOT SEfcH MlaH, AHONii THE rtlUlTARY* THE PRObPfcCT Of 

GROUP HAS RtCeOftO t»ITM Thfc ASSlONHtNT Of Ntw IAnO hUR THE 
HOST PART CUHPfeTENTJ UFFICERS INTO ^£Y TROOP CUMfiANuS. iN 
RETROSPECT, MOKfcOVER, ThUSE OfPICtRb r-Ha PKUdtD OUR REAC- 
TION TO PUSSWLfc COUMErtACTIQN APKAKEnTUY HAO FtW TROUP* 
AT THEIR Ht*OY OISPuSaU, OXSGRUNlLtO FORCES »Rfc; NOT 
LIKELY TO CUALEbCE OAnwEHOUSLJT UNLESS SfeRlOuS SLCiAL UNKfc*T 




NOTTOBIREPROOUCEO WITHOUT THE AUTHORIZATIOH Cr THf LXECUTIVESC fJ TARY 



if 



11 




''in-. V* ^ 




incoming: 



oevetops, oespire «is plat assurances to the cdntbary# 

CHUN 000 MHAH HAY THY TO EXTEND MIS STSING-PUULING HOLE 
FROH m MIWITAKY TO THE ENTJKE GJVfcRNMfeNT ANO SOCIftTY, 
flUT HOF£FULUY ^ILL STOP SH08T Of CAUSINB PEAR AnO ANTA- 
GONISMS OF DANQeKOUS PKUPORTIONSi 

9, OH T«e CXVlt. SZOE, KOREAN SOCIETY tuItU PROSAeuY Bfe 
AdWE TO CONTAIN THE POTfeNTlAU THNtAT FROM STUuEnTS *.H0 
ARE SO SELF-CQNSCIOUS AttOuT ThElR "lilSTOi^lCAU KOUt" anB 
OfTE« INSENSITIVE TO THE OA*(SfeRS OF EXCESS. uThER 
POTENTIAL SOUKCfeS OF UNREST SEEM EITHER OFF BAU.NCE OK 

Chastened bt feak of hiuitary intervention, oisitotNTB 

ARE SR0PIN6 RATnER UNSUCCESSFULLY FOK TARGETS TO ATTACK, 
POUITICAI OPPOSITION LEADERS IN FACT ALU POLITICAL 
WEAOEKS ARE CONSTRAINED BY LATENT THkEaTS ANp PRE- 
OCCoPlEO BY INTERNECINE waRFAREi *(HlLt WORKERS ANU OThEKS 
t«rtO CREATED TROUBLE AT THE TInE Oh THh PUSAN/fnlSAN RIOTS 
SEEN PREPAREO TO ACCUMMOOaTE TO KOREAtS VKRY Olt-flCULT 
ECONOHIC CIHCOHSTANCes tfY TAKING SOME ' RtOUCT ION In MEAL 

Income rather than taking to the streets, 

la, <IHO IS REALLY !«• CHARGE? 

POWER IN KOKtA TOOAY IS OlFFUSEU, THE MILITARY CONTROL 
TnE RAW POWER "ITHOUT ThE BuFFER OF A POWERFUL LEADER TU 
KEEP THfcH IN THE TRfcNC«E5f ANO wITHIN TnE MILITARY CHuN 
000 HNAN IS CLEARLY ThE HAN TO wATCh, YtT THE MILITARY 
ARE NOT "RUNNING THt COUNTRY", EVEN TMUUGM Th£Y CAN ufl- 
TAIN «Lue muati. RATIP'ICATIOn for OECI&IOnS in T»t£ MiUTARy 
AND SECuRITr 4RfcAS, A CIVILIAN COMPLEX OF tfORt-AUCRATS, 
SoSlNESSnfcN, ANO POLXTICXANS AKt MAAlNli AnU EHECOTING 
MOST OTHER DECISIONS, HOREOVERi THE LONiitn ThESE CIVILIANS 
WSHAIN IN TnE OeCISIDN-NAKlNfi PNOCESSf Trtt nOKE iNfLUfrN* 




NOTTOBEKEPSOOUCEO WITHOUT THF AUTHORIZAnON OF THE tXECUTI V.CRETARY 



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TIAJ. ANO AUTHORITATIVt TH&V kkg HKbCr TO b£, S^HE -POwEH 
OF THg POUITICXANS IS STIuC MARBINAL, BUT IT PRO- 
BABLY iNCWEASfc AS TMu COUfstRY H6A0S TOWAHOS M08E ueclSIVE 
STAGES OF CUNSTITUTiahAU ^MtKUMtNT ANO feUfcCTHll>«« Tut 
BWSlNeSS CONnuNXTY XS HUNKEKBD OOwNf hORRYINS ?*BOUT "HUKX» 
FXCATION" (AMTI«CClHNUPTX0N3 CAMPAXfiHiS ANU rt«PT€0 TO BUY 
ITS WAY INTO fOUirXCAt OPERATIONS Iff THE STTU&h^UF EAftUliiR 
CHAS. -(t- .'y 

n« HOW «eU IS THfe SYSTEH FUNCTIONlMit? 

TrtE SOVeRNMtMT 3Y8TE« MAS i.DST EFFICIfcNCY, OISClPUlhE, ANO 
MOHENTUrtf BUT IT XS STILU RUNNlhG PKETTY tuEUL " PAKTICO- 
UARU IF COhPAREO KlTii OTHER COUNTRIES OR rttASUREiJ AliAlNST 
THE MABNlTUOE OK CHAUUEnBE, PRfcSIUfcNT CttQl UNFuRTUwATEuY 
AUO«S HIMSELF tO BE SEEN AS A fLABbYr HVPEHCAUTIOWa 
LEADER CONTENt *iXTH FO«n*L HOLE PLAYING, txCfePT FOK PRO 
FORHA APfEAKANCES, HE TEnOS TO KEEP ThE HILITAHY AT AKdjS 
LENGTUr «VOI0I»(6 kHQQniHt AhO CONFRONTATION. nlS SOVtRN* 
WENT HAS NOT APPEAKEO DECISIVE, AnO RUMORS OF bySINdSS 
CORKUPTXON AMU UEwEkAL LOOSENINU OF 8T*N0aRWS ARE PkEVA- 
LENT. HQwEVEh, THESE IMPRESSIONS OVERLOOK THE FACT THAT 
The CHOI GOVERNMENT MAS CONOUCTtO THE FIRST STAGE OF 
POLITICAL LldfeRALIZATION WITHOUT '(.OSIwC CONTROL ANO HAS 
BEEN FAH MORE 0ECI8IVE THAN MANY ASSUMED — POLITICALLY, 
LIFTING EM«ki AMU ALLObInS KIM TaE CmUmG BaCr ON THE SC£«E> 
ECONOMICALLY, IN CARRYING THROUGH OtVALUATlUN A^(0 ENEhGt 

PRICE Increases; anu socially, in makinu changes in campu* 

AOniNlSTRATXUN nHXCh nEhE OPPOSED BY THE GUARUlANS UF LAM 





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NOOXS 
AND OKOfcP. 

ta, WHAT AKE TnE »TaATi8IC« OF KEY FUATEN^T . ' 

AuTMOuen THE CHUI GOVERNMENT hAS COMKITTEu IT^EuF TU A 
PH0GRA11 OF *OHOEKUY DEMOCRATIZATION" «1Tm KOPUUAR EUEC- 
TJONS WITHIN THE FIRST HAUF OP 19»i; MANY PfcOPLE — MYSEUF 
IrtCLUOEO — Ai*E KCIRHIEO T«AT THE PROCESS wit,. 8E JfcO- 
PAROIZEO OR SERI005UY COKPROHISfcO, TO PUT THE FRUttUEfl 
SIHPLY* PREVAIUING OPINION IS THAT THE NOP WOULO ShEEP 
ANY EuECTlON CONOOCTEU IN ThE nEAK fUTUKE 8tC*USE OK A 
NATU«AU reaction to the YOSHIN PEkIOOI THE fllUXTARY UtAuEN- 
SrtlP VIEW THE PROSPECT OF * NOP-CONTHgUuEO BOVEiiiNrteNT 
*ITH SQHETHlNtf BETWEEN OEEP APPKEHENSION ANO A UETE«HINA- 
TION TO PREVENT ITJ '•HltE AUHOST EVERYBODY AGREES THAT 
The KOREAN PEOPLE WQUuO BE DEEPLY ANTAGOMlZtO dY EITHER 
A MILITARY TAKEOVER iN PRESENT CIkCUMSTanCES OR CRASS 
MANIPULATION OF POPULAK ELECTIONS, nO' KOREAN RNOWS HOw 
This OILEHMA IS GOING TO tt£ M»N»6E0» TttE OtST THtY CAN DU 
IS TO SuRT OUT PUSSIoLE SCENAkIOS AN" CftLCUL*Tii TnElR OwN 
POTE-nTIaL KOUtS— "rtjCfi uLTlHATEUY "ILL oc OETEHHlNbU l»Y 
TmE EmtxGlNG PATTtNN OF OTHERS' ACTIONS, 

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ThCRE are two 6REAT PRObCEHS AMONG Hit ITARY } 
OFFICERS 6eiHENAl.l.V« FIRST • THE OMOiSljUISEO OISTROST UF 
ALU SENIOR HILITAKY OFFICERS PRE- km pUST-OtCEMbEH i« 
HIERARCHIES AS i«EUU AS RETIRED OFFICERS «- TO»>AHO KIM TaE 
-CHUNG (BECAUSe OF HIS ALLE6E0 SUFfNtSS AMO LEFTIST) AM> 
Kin Y0N6 SArt (SbCAUSE OF HIS AI.UE(;Ed trENEKAL IMAOEOUACYJ. 
A-OISTUHSXNtf NUHBEH STATE FUATWY TJtAT THEY hOUUD NOT 
PERnJT EITHER KIM TO COME TO POWER ANO xOuu'u jnOVE TO 
PREVENT IT Hi AUVANCE OF AN ELECTION UR dY COUP AFTtS Tn£ 
ELECTION, fORTUNATtiLY* OTHERS RECOCNIZE TH*T ThE ARMY 
COULO OfeSTROY ITS CRWClAL RAPPORT WITH tHE CIVILIAN POPU- 
LATION IF XT nERE to ARbXTRARlLY ANNUL THE RESULTS. OF A 
HAJORXTY oecISIUN, SECONOf KOREAN HlLITAKY OFPlCgRi Vlb«l 
The process of •OEMUCRATIZATION" THR0U5H A YUSHIN FILTERf 
HAKlNtt IT DIFFICULT FOR THEM TO TOLEftili THE. DK'a*<EE OF 
FREE CHOICE AND CRITICISM ASSOCIATEO «ITH A' HUOI^UM OK 
DEMOCRACY, DESPITE THESE POXERFUi. PREJUDICES; I .CUNCuUUE 
HESITANTLY THAT THE MILITARY HIERARCHYJ RECOttNiZES NlTh 
SUFFICIENT REALISM THAT A PRE«Et,ECTlON GOUP «OULO PIT TpC 
ARMY ASAInST THE PEOPLE IN AN ONACCEPTAflLE nAYf flLu THUS 
St STR0N6LY AfTRACTtU TUkTARO ANY POLITICAL ARKAnSE^CVT 
•»KlCrt MICrtT REDUCE THE PROSPECT OF AN NOP VICTORY; ANO» 
IF THE ftOP NERE NfeVtKTHeLESS TO CUHE IH\Q POhERf 'iUHE OR 
WeSS UNOERSTArtOb THAT ThE NOP P0S8ISLY EvEn KIM TAE 
CHUN6 nOULO HAVE TO tfE 6IVEN TlMb TO PROVE ITStLP 
CAPABLE OR INCAPAdLE OF SuIOInG THE RClK, In THb tiEST OF 
CIKCUhSTAnCcSi THfc THREAT OF MILITARY iNTtRVENTION wlLL 
REGAIN A uAHOCLbS SwURt; OVER KOREA'S POLlTltiAL QfcVELOP- 
HENT FOR SOnE TiMe, 

(d) CrtUN OOU HdANI 

fiE AnO I SPECIFICAULY INCLUDE nYSELF — 9H0Uw6^ RESIST 



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OV£HSIIxpLXfYlNS KOREAN POuXTICS UY MAKING CHUN U.UO n«iAN 
THE SINXSTEK SOUHCfe OF AU> EVIU. He HAPCeNS TO Bfc ONfe OP 
A OF KOREANS NhOSE PERSONAL OECISIONS COUbO Pf<UVE 

FATCFUU MR THeXR COONtKY, PGR THE SHO^ir AuH, (<£ IS^ 
STRONGLY COftSTRAZNEO FROM OPEMY VZOLATINS HIS ASSURANCES 
ABOUT NOT ZNTERVBNINC IN POLITICSf ANO SU PAR M,E nAS " 
WORKED TO CONTROL RAThEk THAN STIMULATE THE KINO gP «N« 
BEST THAT MJShT JUSTIFY EXTENSION OF HIS POw£i«i- YfcTA 
Even IP HE CONTINUES TO BIOE HIS TlMgf nE KIUU *XEUO 
POMER THAT HAKES ALMOST EVERYONE gNCOMPURTAdLEt IN 
STRUCTURING THE NEXT ELECTION, HE MIGHT PlAY A .vEkY CkUOE 
ROLE iiUT HE MIGHT CONTENT MIHSELF MITH PLAYING TKk HOLE 
OF A dACKSTAGE (lENTOK IF HE COULO FINU A COHSInATION OP 
POLITICIANS tfOTH WILLING TO FRONT FOR HIrt ANO ApLE TO hIN 
AN ELECTION, HARKING Tlf^E wILL NOT 0E WITHOUT PROdLEnS 
FOR CHUM deCAUSfe HIS OPPONENTS HAY SEtK TO EMdARRASS UR 
DESTROY HXH, ESPECIALLY IF HE HISPLAYS HIS CA^OS. HE tS 
ALREADY MlOfcWY FEARtO AnO mITHIN THE ARHY fiVE(4 ni4 COL«' 
LABORATORS UP OECEHBEK 12 MIGHT FbEL dETKAYtO IF nEMERb 
TO REACH OUT FOR OVERT POLITICAL POwEk. CLEARLY nE IS 
GOING TO CONTINUE TO bE ONE OF UUK MAIN PHtidLEMS. 

<C) THE PRESIUENT ANO PRIME MlNISTERJ 

THE PfljHE MINISTER HAS TOLO ME QUITE CANDIDLY THAT fiE AND 
The PRESIDENT BfeWIEVfc THAT MUCH CONFUSION KILL DEVELOP 
LATER THIS YEAR MhEN THE NOP AND DRP nlLU OISCOVEK THAT 
NONE OF THE KXHS IS A SnOO«IN FOR THE RCK«S NEXT HRdSlDbNTt 
TnUS The GUVEKNHEnT'S strategy is to teOVERN AS EFfECriVbLY 
AS POSSISLE ANO TO ALLOH A POLITICAL STALEMATE TO OEVbLOP 




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0 U062dZ nAK Stf 

70 SECSTATE ikStiOC inr(^OZAT£ 48^3 



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NOOIS 



SEFORE SUGGbSTlNS A SUUUTION, 0N6 SQUUTIUN APfARbNTLY 
APPEAUlNG TO Ttit PRIME nlixISTES, IF NOT ThE PKESIJENT, 
WOUUO BE TO ENTEK THE RANtcS AS A SUPKA'tPAKTISAN CANOIOATE 
In THE EUECTION»t THIS hQULO 8t tASlfcH IF THfc NOP AtiU UHP 

tfOTM FKASMfcNTEO BY THlKO PARTY ACTIVITIES, ANO.ThE 
GOVERNMENT MAY MOPE THAT HlM TAE ChONS *iH.t ObUIGg MOM 
ONE SIDE HHILE dOME 8UKE*UCRAT/t>U»lNE89/(1ILlTA.KY (iROUP 
OauICES FROM THE OTHER. I SENSE TMfc PHIrtE MINISTER HOUtO 
REAOIur ENTER THE FhAY IN SUCH CIKCUMSTANCES* ."SwT I 
CREOIT HIM FOH HHlHd UmlLllfiH 10 S^RVE AS A FRONT FOK A 
MIUITARY CAtfAL ANO KfiCOfiNlZiNG THAT Mt nUbtU HAVE TO-kIn IN 
A FAIK EtECTXON, MOST OF THE ESTASUISHMEnT hSilUO 6fc Ht- 
ASSUREO WITH SUCH A PaTEHnAUISTXC AKRANGEHENT IF ONLY 

They cowto hcuke out how to convince thE voTfei<s. in the 

MEAnTIMEi the PKESIUEnT ANO PfilME (1XNISTEK RtUATIVfcUT 
CONFIDENT THAT THEIh SCHEDULE FOK POUITICAL LIStRAUlZA- 
TIOH ANO ELECTIONS CAN OE MAInTAInEO. LIkE THE HIHTAKYf 
TtiEY HAVE In rfiNO A HOKc CONSERVATIVE CONCEfT Ol- tibnCCRACY 

Than huch op the urban public and they may aoopt a» hu«e 

iNTcftVbNTlONlST HOLe. THAN Hany PEOPLE ThIM Faih FOk an 

Interim GovtKNMtNT, 

(0) THE DRP ANO KlM ^QNG PIL( 

KIM JONG PIL riECOGNIZtS THAT nIS C^JKRtNT PROSPECTS FOK AN 





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ELECriOn VICTORY AKt POOR SuT HE uevlUUSLY H(^S THAT 
MITH TXHE Ht NltU HAVe A CIQHTINS CHA^C£ TO w|n. H& 4ll.t 
mORK assiduously to CnCUURASE FHACTURfcS iH THE,' OPPOSXTIUN 
AND TRY TO KEPAIR THE ©HP'S XNAiiE THRQUOH POUiClES OE- 
SI6NE0 TO APPEAU TO PARMERS ANO THE UR8AN POOR,, ABUVt AUt 
HE *<ILU EXPLOIT hIS AOMINISTRATIVt tXPERlENCe* AnO HIS 
HELATIVrLY wHEATtH ACCEPTAfelLlTY TO THE (IILITARY THAN 
EITHER OF THE NOP KIMS. NEVERTHELESS, HIm J0^4S PIL IkILU 
8E A bOlVfi SHOT UNLESS Jug kULlUHHtHl HAbLIES At^UUNU 
HIH, NHICH THEY HAVfc NOT 50 FAR, HE nAS THt •LlAblLITies* 
OF PAST CQRKUPTlONr CLOSE ASSOCIATION mITH YUSHIN, AMO 
POMERfUt eNemes MXTHXN the ORP. many nltlTAHY opFiceR^ 
see HIM SIMPLY AS PKEfEKAaLE TO TnE NOP Mn$,ANi) r*OTHINCr 
MORE, % ' " . .. 

£, NOP KIM YUN5 SAM A«U «I« TAC LHUN6I '■ 

THE i^OPfS RATHER UNdtueSTIONEO AOVANTAGE IS tHA . IT KOUtO 
PR08A«LY HiN OECISXVElY IF A POPULAHIIY C0NTE.8T *«ERt CON- 
DUCTED IN PRESENT CIRCUMSTANCES* AND ITS GRb>T LIa&IlITY 
IS THE UNDISGUISED OISTkUST OF THt MILITARY iEAOEHS 
CTH0U6M NOT NtCESSARlLY THE TKOOPSJ, ALThOUGh cEITmEK 
KIM YONG SAM nOK MM TAfi CHUNG MAS LET ¥iukHY OVeRitloE 
HIS ArtdlTIONf NOP LEADERS KNOW V£KY rtfeLL THAT A PARTY 
SPLIT *OULO KEEP PO«»Eft OUT OF Th£i« GMA&H, TO A LESStR 
EXTENT THERE AMfc GLIMMERINGS OF AwAkEnESS TmaT OVER TiMfc 
TmE NOP MAY BE FORCED TO OEMOnSTRATE mORc COfvvlNCINfiL Y ' 
Than in ThE PAST THAT IT IS CaPablE Of iNTfcLLlGtNT POLI- 
CIES ANi) EFFXCIbNT AOkInISTRAT IUMi nOT UUST OPPOSITION 
FIRe.<QRK5, 

ThE STRATEGIES OF ThE T^O REFLECT TMtSt COisSiOERA- 

TIONS, TrtEY AHt PLAYIKG^^jmitR KUUbHLY -If^h EACH OTHtR 



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BUT A«E AT UfcAST TRYiNC NOT TO 8PUT THE MRTY >»l*».t 
THEY BOTH bUAHE AUl. ILLS ON THE CHOt GOVEnNHENT ^'AHSUg. 
THAT KlH JONtt PIL CAN NEVEK ESCAPt HIS YUSHlN ASS^fCI*" 
TXON, NEITHEH HXH has YET DAKEO TO PURSUE THE CMKUPTieN 
ISSUE MHICH KEACHES KlTHlN THEIR UWN KANKS* AND|1£!|M A' 
STRiKINS BREAK fRO« THE PASTi SOTh HAVE COMHENOAiur Rt- 
FRAINEO FROn XNFLAHIN6 PUBLIC PASSIONS OR SNXPIn&VaT 
SCNSITIyC ISSUES SUCH AS POUltY TbWARu THE NORTH^^QUTh 
KOREAN OZAUUSUE. THE XHAGEKAKERS OP bOTH KiHS Af^ MOKKINb 
On the PROSLEH op «POLlCY»HINOEON(iS!j" ANO KIM Y0«§ SAM 
HAS AT LEAST TRIED TO IMPROVE HIS MlUTARy Tt£»t'.'^-HIS 
EFFORTS 80 FAH HAVE NOT HAOb MUCH Op A |jENT« KIHi^'TaE 
CHUNG HAS TAKEN THE PROUO STAND THAT n£ XS KE^OY Tu 
CONSULT KITH THt HILITAKY IP THfcY TAKt THt XNXTi»tIVE, " 
PRESUHAiiUY AN XHOICArXON THAT' Hfe EITHER PAILS TU'^'uNOER-' 
$TA(iO HIS PKObLEH OR IS TOYING mITH ' A ' OANGEKOUS K;INU OF 
CONTEST, THE NOP t»ILL PR00A8LY AVOiO A "OVERHEAttq" 
APPROACH FOR A FEn MORE MONTHS TO SUlLO UP THE IWa(-c Of 
SOSRIETYf TO AVOIO bElNG CHARGEO hITH ENOANGERIN'G' THE 
PROSPECTS FUR CONTINUING CIVILIAN RULbt AnO TO SOi^T OUT 
THE LEADERSHIP CONTEST t.ITHIN THE PARTY. AT SOnt' POlNT# 
HOwEveR, XT hXLL ALMOST SURELY TAKE Ot-F THE GLOylES cVtN 
AT THE RISK OF A CRACKOONN BY THE AUTHORXTitS. ' 

li, UNLESS THE STUDENTS OR OTHERS GET UUT OF MANU» 
KOREA IS LIKELY TO REMAIN FAIRLY STABLE FOH ThE tfbXT FEn 
MONTHS oECAUSEt THt SOLDIERS KNON THE PEOPLE MOULD NUT 
ACCfePT A MILITARY TAKtOvEK^ GENERAL CHUN hAS P*INT£U ' 
HIMSELF INTO A CtiRNbR IN TERMS UF EXTbNUlHG HIS fORnAL 
POHE«/ THE POLITICIANS KNO* THAT TrtfclK bHAJUALLY ftXPAhU- 



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HOtlS ' — 

IN5 CONTEST IS AT Thfi SUFFERANCE OFMARTIAU UA- AuthOKl- 
TXES; THE CnOX 60VEHNHENT <^N0l»8 IT MA* THE CENTRAt 
RESPONSIBXUJTY FOR PKtVENTiNG ChAUTIC OfVEUtiPflENT} ANu THt 
GENERAC POPULACE iEtMS nORE OH UES5 SATISFltO ''f^*^ UAiT 
UnSiClInG TO HANIFEST ITS UNHAPMnESS AY jJ^AHaTIC ACTION. 
T»tE 0ISP08ITION OF THE KlM JAE t^YU CASE AnJ ThE LIFTING 
OF MARTIAL LA* KILL «t TffJCKV, BUT THE C«U.NCH POINTS wXUL 
BE THE FINAL STAGE OF CON5T:ToTXO«Au AMENuMfcM ani) 
STsicTUKAL AHRANGfeHENTS FOR THE NEXT fc<.«TIONS. Tht 
CHANCE OF VtHY SEKIUUS CONTROVEkSY OVER ThESE ISSutS IS 
GREAT. HAGNIFIEO bY A STAGGERINii 0£toi<6E Of kEGIQNAL 
aJxSosITY. MOPtFULLY GENERAL C«UN ANU LlKE-fdWEO MLITAkY 
O^ncliSs Jill RESTRAIN THEHSELVtS «HILE POLITICIANS WORK 
OUT COrtPROf«I$ES THAT «ItL ALLO« AT LEAST SO^E PHObReSS IN 
The CORHEnT KOK EXPERIHEnT IN POLITICAL LltJtRALlZATiON. 
MriATEVEM r«E OUTCOnt* ft SHOUlO 6b URATtFuL THAT SOUTH 
!35n hIs SAlNflzSw ITi BASIC COHESION AnO -ILL PHoBaSLY 
CONTINUE TO 00 60, , 

14, GENERAL *ICKnA)1 CONCURS IN T«Ib ASSESSMENT , 

"1 RtCwf««£NOA- 

TIONS Oti POLICY FOLLO* *EPTfcL, 

15, OEr-ARTHewT PLEASE PASSTOKVO, GUEYS tEfcfj;'- 



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TEXT OF TELEGRAM 8OSE0UL 00726O 



DEPARTMENT OF STATEpjlTt^g tS|FPC|CDR 



Data. 



PAGE Oi 
ACTION EA- 



SEOUL 07260 060614Z 



t2 



( ) RELEASE ( » D.iCLA3SlFY 
hi.) EXCISE DuUcAaSIFY 
{ )DtNy IN PART 

( ) DELETe Non-Rawjonsw* Mo 

FOiA ExemptionB J 

PA Exemptions 



11 



INFO OCT-01 ADS-00 CIAE-00 DODE-00 NSAE-00 NSCE-00 
SSO-00 ICAE-00 INRE-00 PH-OS H-01 INR-10 L-03 
PA-01 5P-02 SS-18 HA-05 10- U /069 W 

U550S 060619Z /13 

0 060547Z JUN 80 

FM AMEMBASSV SEOUL 

TO SECSTATE WASHOC IMMEDIATE 6866 

INFO COMUSKOREA SEOUL KS//BJ-IS 

CHJUSHA3 32TJL KS 

SA CINCOV; S3 

SEOUL 07260 

E.O. 12C55: GDS 6/6/86 (GUEYSTEEN, W.H. ) OR-M 
TAGS: ZHIV, PINS. KS 

SUBUECT: WIVES OF PRISONERS CALL ON AMBASSADOR 



MR Cases Only: 
EO CtlaUona 



tC) CLASSIFY as I ) S oi 

[ I DOWNGRADE TS to ( ) S oi 



2. ON <Xt:t 6, A DELEGATION OF WIVES OF DISSIDENTS' 
J^RRESTEO ON OR AFTER MAY 17 CALLED ON THE AMBASSADOR. 



3. The Ai*BASSADOR NOTED THAT USO CONSIDERED POLITICAL 
ACTIONS 0? aOKQ SINCE MAY 17 AS A SETBACK TO PROCESS OF 
POLITICAL DSVELOPMENT ANO HAD SAID SO PUBLICLY*' USG HAD 
NOT OUFSTIONED ROKQ'S NEED AND RESPONSIBILITY T(? MAINTAIN 
LAW AKD ORCHR, HOWEVER. AMBASSADOR NOTED THAT USQ CON- 
ENCOURAGE ESTABLISHMENT OF BROADLY BASED QOVT 



4~ 



PAGE 02 SEOUL 07260 060614Z 

IN KOREA. HE POINTED OUT THAT U.S. OPTIONS TO HOVE ROKQ 
IN THIS DIRECTION WERE LIMITED ANO COUNSELED MODERATION 
ON PART OF ALL ACTORS ON KOREAN SCENE AS THE NATION 
WORKED OUT ITS FUTURE. 

4. WOMEN SAID THEY HAD CALLED ON THE DEFENSE SECURITY 
COMMAND A WEEK AGO TO ASK ABOUT THEIR HUSBANDS, BUT HAD 
RECEIVED NO REPLY. THEY DID NOT KNOW WHERE THEIR HUS- 
BANDS HERE BEING HELD. HOW THEY WERE, OR WHETHER THEY 

■ 11 v\ fMl NO. 




TEXT OF TELEGRAM SOSEOUL 007260 



COULD GIVE THEM CLOTHES AND MEDICINE. THERE WERE MANY 
RUMORS ABOUT TORTURE' OR KILLINGS OF PRISONERS AND, 
WITHOUT INFORMATION FROM DSC, THEV WERE CONCERNED ABOUT 
SITUATION OF THEIR HUSBANDS. 

5. THE AMBASSADOR SAID HE WAS CONCERNED ABOUT THE SITUA- 
TION OF THEIR HUSBANDS AND OTHER PRISONERS NOW DETAINED. 
HE HAD ALREADY MADE INQUIRIES OF ROKG ABOUT STATUS AND 
WELFARE OF PRISONERS. HE HAD SPOKEN TO HIGH-LEVEL ROK 
MILITARY AND CIVILIAN SECURITY OFFICIALS AND MADE KNOWN 
TO THEM U.S. CONCERN THAT PRISONERS BE TREATED HUMANELY 
AND THAT. IF THERE ARE CHARGES AGAINST THEM, THEY BE 
BROUGHT TO TRIAL PROMPTLY. THE AMBASSADOR ASKED THE 
LAOIES TO KEEP HIM INFORMED ON ANY INFORMATION THEY MAY 
DEVELOP ON THEIR HUSBANDS SINCE EMBASSY INQUIRIES RE- 
CEIVED PREATER ATTENTION FROM ROKG WHEN THEY WERE DE- 
TAILED RATHES THAN GENERAL. 

6. WOf-tN ASKED AMBASSADOR TO ENCOURAGE AMNESTY INTER- 
NATIONAL, TCE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS AND OTHER AGENCIES 
TO INV01"F THEMSELVES IN KOREA. AMBASSADOR THOUGHT THESE 
ORGANUATIONS WOULD LIKELY DO SO OH THEIR OWN WITHOUT 

OUTSIDE PROMPTING. 




PAGE 03 SEOUL 07260 0606 14Z 

7. WOMEN TURNED TO POLITICAL ISSUES. THEY SAID THEY HAD 
SEEN NO COk^PROMISE EXTENDED BY GOVT OF PRESIDENT CHOI 
(M-H: CHTE). THAT ROKG HAD NEVER ENGAGED IN DIALOGUE 
WITH nPRANIZATIONS THE WOMEN BELONGED TO, ANO THAT THE 
STUDENTS HAD SHOWN GREAT RESTRAINT IN PERIOD BEFORE 
MAY 17. THEY SAID THEIR HUSBANDS HAD NO POLITICAL AMBI- 
TIONS. BUT THAT GENERAL CHUN DCO HWAN (M-R: CHON TU-HWAN) 
WAS TiiXt?:iNQ ON THEM. THEY ASKED AMBASSADOR IF THERE 
WERE 9S^l.'.Y NO HOPE FOR DEMOCRACY IN KOREA. • 

B. AMBASSADOR REPLIED THAT IT WAS NOT FOR HIM TO DRAW 
SUCH A CONCLUSION. THE PATH TOWARD POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT 
WOULD bL DIFFICULT. BUT AMBASSADOR DID NOT FEEL AS 
PESSIMISTIC AS VIEW EXPRESSED BY WOMEN. HE THOUGHT IT 
WAS NECESSARY FOR THE WOMEN ANO OTHERS TO SPEAK THEIR 
MINDS, BUT ENCOURAGED THEK TO DO SO IN A MODERATE TONE 
ANO TO BE WILLING TO COMPROMISE WHEN THEY COULD. 

9. UPON LEAVING, WOMEN TOLD OFFICER ESCORTING THEM TO 
THE DOOR THAT THEY WERE DISAPPOINTED WITH USG STANCE 
ANO FEARED ANOTHER "IRAN" WAS IN THE MAKING. GLEYSTEEN 



-m\ 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 8OSE0UL 004357 



AOP414 



PAGE 01 
ACTION SS-19 




SEOUL 04357 080722Z 



4 



INFO OCT-01 EA-10 ADS-00 SSO-OO 



/026 W 
—056262 



0 CS0714Z APR 80 

FM AMEPKBASSY SEOUL 

TO SECSTATE WAS«3C IMMEDIATE 5452 

SEOUL 04357 



0607272 /10 

DEPARTMENI OF STATE js, FPC / COR jT^/^ 0al8 f/73 A / 

iSf RELEASE pC DECLASSIFY MR CabJJ 'only: ' ' 



E.O. 12065: SdS 4/8/86 (HONOO, MHH C.) OR-M 
TAGS: Offie. (cINT, KS 

SUBUECTi^'SECRETARy'S MEETING WITH FQNHIN PARK 



1. 



.ENTIRE TEXT) 



I ) EXCISE ( ) UcCLAij,iFr 

( ) DENr IN PAKT 

( ) DELHTE Non-Responsivii into 

FOtA Exemptions 

PA Exemptions, . 



2. FOLLbCrfAS^ARE SUQQESTEO TOPICS FOR SECRETARY 'S MEETING 
WITH FONatn'rONQ <JIN P A R K (M-R: P A K TONG'CNIN) 
APRIL 14t THERE ARE NO SURPRISES. THE POINTS MADE IN 
PARAS 3 %t£) 4^BEL0W ARE IMPORTANT NOT BECAUSE PARK NEEDS. 
TO BE CONVINCED BUT BECAUSE HE NEEDS TO REPORT THAT USG 
SHARES THE«VIEWS OF ITS LOCAL REPRESENTATIVES. 



3. KOREjIkfr POtlTICAL SCENE 
FAVORABLY. oJfe Pi 



SECRETARY COULD COMMENT 
POSITIVE DEVELOPMENTS (LIFTING OF EM-9, CON- 
STITUTIONAL REVISION PROCESS, ETC.). BUT MOTE OUR CONTINUED 
CONCERN THAT PRESIDENT CHOI'S POLITICAL PROGRAM BE CARRIED 
OUT WITtWUT INTERFERENCE FROM MILITARY OR ANY OTHER 
QUARTER.." SECRETARY SHOULD EMPHASIZE OUR BELIEF THAT OVER- 
WHELMING flAOsiRITY OF KOREANS WANT A DEGREE OF POLITICAL 
LIBERALIiZATIQN, INCLUDING A REAL CHOICE IN POPULAR ELEC- 
TIONS NQC||yj»R. HE COULD THEN ASK PARK'S ESTIMATE OF HOW 
THINGS ARE UKELY TO EVOLVE. 

4. U.S.»i«]3?A RELATIONS. AMBASSADOR AND GENERAL WICKHAM 
CONTINUE TO URGE ALL IMPORTANT KOREAN ELEMENTS TO WORK FOR 
AN ORDERLY POLITICAL EVOLUTION LEADING TO ADOPTION OF A 



Ta authority to. 

( ICLASSIFY as [ , s or ( , C OADR 

( I DOWNGRADE TS to ( ) S or ( ) C OADB 

9oo36fc& 



PAGE 02 



SEOUL 043S7 OB0722Z 



NEW CONSTITUTION AND ELECTION OF A POPULARLY CHOSEN PRESI- 
DENT. HOWEVER, we ARE CAREFUL NOT TO INDICATE ANY 
PREFERENCE AMONG THE LEADING CONTENDERS. AMBASSADOR AND 
WICKHAM HAVE INSTRUCTED OUR MILITARY TO ESTABLISH AND 
MAINTAIN THE BEST POSSIBLE WORKING RELATIONS WITH THEIR 
COUNTERPARTS. WE TRUST ROK MILITARY ARE RECEIVING THE 
SAME GUIDANCE, SO THAT ANY TEMPORARY RIFTS MAY BE FULLY 
REPAIRED. 




PAGE NO. 1 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 8OSE0UL 004397 



5. NORTH-SOUTH TALKS. WE HAVE BEEN IMPRESSED BY WAY ROK 
POPULATION HAS STOOD BEHIND GOVERNMENT AS IT NEGOTIATES 
WITH NORTH. WE BELIEVE ROKG HAS BEEN WISE TO CONSULT 
VARIOUS ELEMENTS OF SOCIETY IN EFFORT TO KEEP ISSUE OUT OF 
PARTISAN POLITICS. WE CELT ROKG HANDLED INFILTRATION 
INCIDENTS WISELY, NEITHER IGNORING THEM NOR LETTING THEM 
CAUSE THE TALKS TO ABORT. IMPORTANT THAT ROK PRESERVE THE 
WIDESPREAD INTERfWTIONAL SUPPORT THAT IT HAS ACHIEVED BY 
ITS BUSINESSLIKE APPROACH. HOW ODES PARK THINK THE TALKS 
WILL COME OUT? 

6. SCM AND PPT. WE ARE PLEASED MUTUALLY SATISFACTORY 
DATES AND .LOCI HAVE BEEN FOUND FOR THESE TWO ANNUAL MEET- 
INGS. OUR TWO SIDES ARE NOW WORKING ON THE AGENDAS 
(ARHACOST'AljO PLATT VISITS TO KOREA IN THIS CONNECTION). 

7. CHIl5*cAH? KOREA. SECRETARY HAY WISH TO BRIEF PARK ON 
VICE HlhUSTFP ZHANG WENdlN'S VISIT TO U.S. (PARK LEFT 
KOREA PRIOR TO OUR RECEIVING MANY OF THE REPORTING TELS). 
ALSO SECHFTARY MIGHT WISH TO MENTION OUR RAISING INFILTRA- 
TION qOeSTiON WITH CHINESE. IN ALL CONTACTS WITH CHINESE 
WE BELICWB'RGK'S WOULD BE WISE TO KEEP PUSHING FOR CON- 
TACTS, PEGIk'NINQ WITH RELATIVELY EASY ISSUES SUCH AS TRADE 
AND TRYIW. HARD TO AVOID PUBLICITY. 




PAGE 03 SEOUL 04357 0007222 . 

8. OLYMPICS c SECRETARY MIGHT WISH TO BRING PARK UP TO 
DATE ON'&TWtiS OF OUR EFFORTS. 

9. IRAhi , I SECRETARY WILL WISH TO DISCUSS CURRENT SITUA- 
TION, STRESSING THE IMPORTANCE THAT KOREA, ALONG WITH ALL 
OTHERS, «D0 THE MAXIMUM POSSIBLE TO COMPLY WITH OUR 
REQUESTS' XNU' AVOID IMPORTANT ECONOMIC RELATIONS WITH IRAN 
UNTIL T^E'HOlSTAGES ARE FREED. 

« c c c . 

10. ECONOMIC MATTERS. SECRETARY MIGHT NOTE THE FAVORABLE 
DEVELOPMENTS IN LEATHER AHO THE NUCLEAR FUEL SUPPLY CEIL- 
ING AS EVIDENCE OF OUR DESIRE TO IMPROVE THE ECONOMIC 
RELATIONSHIP. IF THE RICE PROBLEM HAS BEEN WORKED OUT 
WITH JAPAN. THIS TOO WOULD BE WORTH MENTIONING. 

It. PARK'S TRIP. WHAT DID PARK GLEAN FROM HIS TALKS IN 
INDIA. SRI LANKA, SWITZERLAND. SPAIN, AND THE UK? (KOREAN 
PRESS INDICATED HE DEVOTED SOME TIME IN TALKING TO KOREAN 
AMBASSADORS POSTED IN EUROPE ABOUT DEVELOPING RELATION- 
SHIPS WITH EAST EUROPE.) QLEYSTEEN 



PAGE NO. 





TEXT OF TELEGRAM SOSEOUL 004247 



SEOUL 04247 01 OF 02 04212 1Z 



PAQ6 01 
ACTION H-03 

INFO OCT-01 EA-06 AOS-00 SS-15 



NSC-06 /031 W 
-—032481 042126Z /64 



P 040938Z APR 80 

FM AMEHBAS5Y SEOUL 

TO SECSTATE WASHOC PRIORITY 5413 

INFO AMEMBASSY BEIJINQ PRIORITY 

AMEMBASSY TOKYO PRIORITY 



BECTIQN 01 OF 02 SEOUL 04247 



DEPARTMENI OF STATE 

DECLASSIFY 



BEIJING AND TOKYO - PASS CODEL BINGHAM 

E.O. 120^5:'' GDS 4/3/86 (CLARK, WILLIAM) OR-P 
TAGS! PfMf.^it^V. SHUM. KS, US 
SUBJECT: * ^OEL CALL ON KIM DAE JUNQ 

1- (1^ ^iJx^BE TEXT. THIS CABLE HAS NOT BEEN CLEARED 
WITH COO|L. ^. 

2. CONGRESSMEN BONKER, BURTON, JONES. FITHIAN, BEILENSON, 
AND MRS.«BIKGHAM CALLED ON FORMER NEW DEMOCRATIC PARTY • 
(NDP)PREStbENtlAL CANDIDATE KIM DAE JUNG AT HIS HOME 
APRIL 1. .CONGRESSMAN BONKER SAID HE HAD READ THAT KIM 
WILL NOT •FORM A NEW PARTY ANO WORK WITH THE NOP. KIM 
SAID THAT 'tf ANTED TO WORK WITH THE NOP (HE HAD BEEN A 
PARTY MEMBER BNTIL 1978) ANO ITS PRESIDENT KIM YOUNG SAM. 
THE NOP nUSTcOPEN ITS DOORS TO THE DISSIDENTS. KIM DAE , 
JUNG HQPEe THAT T^IS ISSUE HAD NOT "PLANTED THE SEED OF 
DIVISION", IN^THE PARTY. WHILE THERE ARE FEW REAL 
OIFFEREMcis BETWEEN THE TWO OPPOSITION KIMS, KIM DAE JUNG 
SAID TKa| we ^S MORE INTERESTED IN DEMOCRATIZATION THAN 
IN WHETHER'HCeOR THE NOP PRESIDENT BECOMES THE NOP 
PRESIDENTIfth^CANOIDATE. CERTAINLY TV«RE IS HO DIFFERENCE 
ON POLIC'/. TPWmRD the U.S., ALTHOUGH IF HE IS ELECTED. 
SAID KIM DAE JUNG, THE TIES WOULD BECOME EVEN CLOSER THAN 



\ ) EXCISE ( ) OtCLASbIFY 

( ) DENY IN PART 

( ) DELETE Non- Responsive Into 

FOiA Exemptions 

PA ExumpUons 



IS/FPC/CDR 



MR Cases Only 
EO Crtations 



— ~- — - — — TS autJiority Ir 

( ) DOWNGRADE TS to ( ) S Of f )COADR. 



9003 6h& 



PAGE 02 SEOUL 04247 01 OF 02 042121Z 

THEY ARE NOW. 

3. THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE NOP AND DRP ARE MUCH 
GREATER THAN THOSE BETWEEN THE TWO OPPOSITION KIMS. SAID 
KIM DAE JUNG. THE NOP STANDS FOR A FREE ECONOMY ANO A 
FAIRER DISTRIBUTION OF WEALTH. THE HDP IS SKEPTICAL OF 
THE DRP'S SINCERITY IN SEEKING DEMOCRATIZATION, AND IN 
FACT THERE ARE "HUGE DIFFERENCES' BETWEEN THE TWO PARTIES. 
THE DRP WANTS A SEMI-OPPRESSIVE GOVERNMENT. HOWEVER, IF 

PAGE NO. 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM SOSEOUL 004247 



A TRULY FREE SOCIETY IS ACHIEVED IN KOREA. THIS WILL 
ACTUALLY STRENGTHEN THE COUNTRY'S POSITION VIS-A-VIS THE 
NORTH. DURING PRESIDENT PARK'S REGIME MANY OFFICIALS. 
INCLUOIMG KIM JONG PIL. WERE SUSPECTED OF CORRUPTION. 
THIS MUST BE ROOTED OUT. 

4. CONGRESSMAN BURTON THEN QUESTIONED KIH ABOUT THE 
ELECTORAL PROCESS. FIRST, WOULD THE GOVERNMENT OR 
POWERFUL ELEMENTS TRY TO STOP THE ELECTION? KIM SAID 
THAT, WHILE HE COULD NOT TOTALLY DENY THIS POSSIBILITY, 
THE CHANCES FOR THIS ARE SMALL. THE PEOPLE WILL NOT 
GIVE AN EXCUSE TO ANYONE SEEKING TO BLOCK ELECTIONS. 

5. BURTON ASKED IF ELECTIONS MIGHT BE POSTPONED. KIM 
SAID THIS*«flS„l«RE WORRISOME. THE GOVERNMENT COULD 
STALL ON.BSMSTITUTIONAL REVISION OR ELECTION PREPARA- 
TIONS'. BURTON ASKED IF THAT MEANT THAT THERE IS NO FIRM 
TIMETABLE^ ANtf KIM REPLIED THAT THERE WAS HOT. BONKER 
SAID THAT PRESIDENT CHOI HAD IMPLIED THAT MORNING THAT 
ELECTI0N§'«iOtD BE HELD NEXT SPRING AND ASKED KIM IF 
THERE WERE NO ANNOUNCED SEQUENCE OF EVENTS LEADING UP TO 
ELECTIONS. IaHLY NEXT YEAR. BOTH KIM ANO CHO SE HYONQ, A 
NATIONAL. ASSFMBLYMAH INTERPRETING FOR KIM, SAID THAT NO 
FIRM date' HAD BEEN PUBLICLY ANNOUNCED. THE POLITICAL 




PAGE 03 . SEOUL 04247 01 OF 02 042121Z 

counselor' INtIrJECTED that THE PRESIDENT HAD IMPLIED 
ELECTIONS'WuClLO BE HELD NEXT SPRING. BUT KIM REPEATED 
THAT A CONCRETE SCHEDULE HAD NOT BEEN ANNOUNCED. 

c c ^ ; . . 

6. COMMEfJT: IN A SPEECH ON NOVEMBER 10, 1979, PRESIDENT 
CHOI SAIO THA^ "THE NEW PRESIDENT TO BE ELECTED OUGHT NOT 
EXHAUST T^E' REMAINING TENURE OF OFFICE STIPULATED IN THE 
CURRENT EqNSriTUTION BUT, AS SOON AS REALISTICALLY 
P0SSIBLB',»S006O OUT A WIDE SPECTRUM OF ALL SECTORS ANO 
LAYERS OFrW-lETY, AMEND THE CONSTITUTION, AND CONDUCT 
ELECTIOHS iJN COMPLIANCE WITH THE AMENDED CONSTITUTION" . 
THE PRESIDENT AFFIRMED THIS STATEMENT IN HIS INAUGURAL 
ADDRESS OF DECEMBER 21, 1979, ANO SAID "I THINK THAT A 
CONSTITUTION THE MAJORITY OF THE PEOPLE WILL APPROVE CAN 
BE PREPARED IN ABOUT A YEAR'S TIME. UNLESS ANY SPECIAL 
CIRCUMSTANCES OCCUR. IT IS MY HOPE THAT SUBSEQUENT 
NECESSARY STEPS WILL THEN BE TAKEN STEADILY AND FAIR 
ELECTIONS HELD AS EARLY AS POSSIBLE." WHILE IT IS TRUE 
THAT A SPECIFIC DATE FOR THE STEPS LEADING UP TO ELEC- 
TIONS HAS NOT BEEN ANNOUNCED, VIRTUALLY EVERYONE ASSUMES 
THAT THEY WILL BE HELD NEXT SPRING. IN A CONVERSATION 
WITH THE COOEL EARLIER THAT DAY, FDR EXAMPLE, NOP PRESI- 
DENT KIM YOUNG SAM SPOKE OF MARCH 1981 ELECTIONS (HE HAD 
DISCUSSED THE MATTER TWICE WITH THE PRESIDENT). WHILE 
SAVINS THERE IS NO REASON THE ELECTIONS SHCHILO NOT BE 
HELD EARLIER. KIM ACCEPTED THE EARLY 1981 TIME FRAME FOR 

PAGE 



TEXT OF TELEQRAM 80SEOUL 004247 



ELECTIONS. KIM DAE JIWG ALSO TOLD THE DELEGATION THXT 
HE COULD ACCEPT THIS SCHEDULE. END COMMENT. 

7, CONGRESSMAN BURTON ASKED KIM IF THESE WS ANY CHAMCE 
THAT CERTAIN ELEMENTS MIGHT NOT ABIDE BY ELECTION RESULTS. 
KIM SAID THAT THIS IS 'UNIMAGINABLE". KOREANS ARE 




NNN 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 8OSE0U1. 004247 




PAGE 01 SEOUL 04247 02 OF 02 042t22Z 

ACTION H-03 

IKFO OCT-01 EA-06 ADS-00 SS-1S NSC-06 /031 W 

03249O 042127Z /64 

P 0409382 APR 80 

FN AMEMBASSY SEOUL 

TO SECSTATE WASHOC PRIORITY 5414 

INFO AMEMBASSY BEIJING PRIORITY 

AMEMBASSY TOKYO PRIORITY 




iECTION 02 OF 02 SEOUL 04247 



BEIJING AND TOKYO - PASS CODEL BINGHAM 

PDLITICAlIy mature, and IF ANYONE TRIES SOCH A MOVE THE 
PEOPLE WbtjLD NOT ALLOW IT. 

a 

a. CONCWEeSWtAN BURTON ASKED IF KIM SAW ANY EVIDENCE THAT 
ANY ELEMENTS QF THE U.S. GOVERNMENT WERE HELPING ONE PARTY 
OR ANOTHER. KIH SAID THAT THERE IS NO EVIDENCE, 
especial! Y' RECENTLY. THE U.S. ROLE IS "IMPRESSIVE" AND 
KOREANS APPRECIATE IT. BEFORE PRESIDENT PARK'S ASSASSINA- 
TION, SCWE PEOPLE HAD ENTERTAINED DOUBTS ABOUT OUR 
COHHITMmr TO HUMAN RIGHTS, BUT NOW ALL THESE DOUBTS ARE 
GONE. KJJi^D HE, WAS OPTIMISTIC ABOUT DEMOCRATIZATION 
IN THE taaO'^S. THE PEOPLE HAVE MATURED AND WILL GIVE NO 
EXCUSE TO NidRTH KOREA OH ENEMIES OF DEMOCRACY TO STOP 
THE PROCESS. ' KOREA TODAY IS MUCH DIFFERENT THAN IRAN 
AFTER ThT SKAH'S EXPULSION. A NATIONAL CONSENSUS ON WHAT 
IS NEEDEC EXISTS. THE PRINCIPLE OF THIS NATIONAL CON- 
SENSUS I'S (A) ANTI -COMMUNISM. (B> LIBERAL DEMOCRACY, 
(C) FREE ECONOMIC SYSTEM, (D> SOCIAL JUSTICE, (E) CLOSE 
RELATIONS cWIIH ALLIES, ESPECIALLY THE U.S. AND JAPAN, 
AND (Fj'^WAlOGUE WITH THE NORTH. 

9. KIM ?*IP THAT WHILE HE HAD ORIGINALLY BEEN A MODERATE, 
PRESIDENT PARK HAD FORCED PEOPLE TO BECXIME EXTREMISTS. 




PAGE 02 SEOUL 04247 02 OF 03 042122Z 



PARK HAD EVEN TRIED TO KILL HIH. SAID KIM, 'BUT NOW I'M 
A MODERATE AGAIN. I WANT TO COOPERATE WITH THE Wdl 
GOVERNMENT. AND CONVINCE STUDENTS TO DO THE SAME. IF 
CHOI IS FAITHFUL TO DEMOCRACY, WE HILL SEE A SMOOTH TRN- 
Sinw. THE U.S. SHOULD SUPPORT ONLY THE WILL OF THE 
PEOPLE. NOT ANY CME PERSON, INCLUDING ME." UNFORTUNATELY, 
CHOI IS RELUCTANT TO SHORTEN THE PERIOD OF THE INTERIM 
QOVERNMEMT, "BUT DON'T WORRY. HE CAN HANDLE IT". PRESI- 
DENT CHOI CLAIMS THAT HE NEEDS AN ENTIRE YEAR TO AMEND 

PAGE NO. 




641 



I 



mm.. 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 8OSE0UL 004247 



THE CONSTITUTION. THERE IS MO REASON FOR THIS, BUT "I 
CAN BE PATIENT". 

10. CONGRESSMAN FITHIAN ASKED KIM WHAT INFLUENCE OPPOSI- 
TION ISSUES LIKE INFLATION WERE LIKELY TO HAVE ON THE 
VOTERS. KIH SAID THAT PRESIDENT PARK EMPHASIZED ECONOMIC 
GROWTH TOO MUCH, WHICH RESULTED IN A POOR DISTRIBUTION OF 
WEALTH. BECAUSE OF PARK. THE DRP IS IN A VERY UNFAVOR- 
ABLE POSITION IN THE NEXT ELECTIONS. STILL. THE MAIN 
CONCERN OF THE PEOPLE IS WHETHER THE CWVEfWMENT REMAINS 
FAITHFUL TO DEMOCRATIZATION. GLEYSTEEN 




Department of 



AN: i:e0019C-0SS7 



mm. 



CRIUIN SS-30 



•IX-C OCT-O'O AOS-OO SSO-00 .'030 ii 

UfiAFTiD BY^iAiR 3 tilCH". JCM 

APPRCViC 3V iA'.S Q RICH, ACiriNo 

S : ARAPHSL 

S-S: RSEITZ 

S/ SSrAPLETON 

I-<i65^7 161739Z ''50 

C P 1616222 APR SO 
SECSTATE MSHDC 
TO AMEHBASSy SEOUL imEOIATE 
INFO AHEMBASSY TOKYO PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSr BEIJING PRIORI TV 



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E.O. 13065". RDS-2, r4»-?000 CHCU9R0CKE, RICHARC ;.) 

TAGS: PEFR, OVIP (PARK, TC.N3 JIN), KN, ivS, 'JS ' 

SUBJECT: ROK FOREIGN MINISTER PARK'S MEETING HITH THE 
SECRETARY — GENERAL ISSUES AND IRAN 



1 . 



ENTIRE TEXT, 



2. FOREIGN MINISTER PARK TONS JIN vM-R: PAK 
TONG-CHIN) MET WITH THE SECRETARY FOR MORE THAN ONE ANC 
ONE-HALF HOURS APRIL Ik IN HIS ONLY MEETING WITH U.S. 
OFFICIALS DURING HIS ONE-DAY STOP IN WASHIN3TCN. 
ACCOMPANYING PARK WERE ASSISTANT FOREIGN MINISTER ? A R V 
SANG YOUNG CM-R: PAK SSANG-YQNG), AMBASSADOR YCL'NG SHIK 
K I M (M-R: KIM YONG-SIK), AND AMERICAN B;JREAtJ 
DIREC-TOR- GENERAL CHONG HAH Y U CM-R: YIJ CHGN:i-HA>. 



FAGC 03 STATE lOO'tl? 

ALSO PRESENT WERE ASSISTANT SECRETARY HOISRCCK: 



Ns: 



yiUSSIHED 



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3 


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2 


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STAFF neMBER 5«EGS, AND KOREA COUNTRY DIRECTOR RICH. 
THIS MESSAQE COVERS THE INTRODUCTORY REMARKS AND 
DISCUSSIONS OF THE IRAN HOSTASE CRISIS. O.THER TOPICS ARE 
COVERED IN SEPTELS. 

3. FOLLOWING BRIEF COMMENTS ABOUT HIS VISITS 'iN ASIA 
AND EUROPE BEFORE ARRIVING IN WASHINGTON, PARK EXPRESSED 
APPRECIATION FOR USG ACTIONS IN SUPPORT OF' THE ROK SINCE 
THE CRITICAL OCCURRENCES OF LATE OCTOBER. PRESIDENT CHOI 
HAD ASKED HIM TO CONVEY ASSURANCES THAT HE IS 
FAITHFULLY CARRYING OU.T HIS COMMITMENTS TO THE KOREAN 
PEOPLE to OVeaSEE RATIFICATION OF A NEW CONSTITUTION 
BY THE END OF THE YEAR. 

THE SECRETARY SAID HE HAS FOLLOWED EVENTS IN KOREA 
WITH GREAT INTEREST, AND WITH GRE-AT SATISFACTION OVER THE 
MANY POSITIVE DEVELOPMENTS SINCE HIS VISIT IN EARLY 
NOVEMBER. HE ASKED .THAT HIS RESPECT BE CONVEYED TO 
PRESIOENTt CHOI FOR HIS SIGNIFICANT ACCOMPLISHMENTS,, 
INCLUDING* THE LIFTING OF EMERGENCY MEASURE NO. 9, " THE 
RELEASE OF POLITICAL PRISONERS, AND THE BEGINNING OF 
CONCRETE WORK ON THE NEW CONSTITUTION. NOTING THAT 
GENERAL WICKHAM (CINCUNC) AND AMBASSADOR GLEYSTEEN 
HAVE INSTRUCTED THEIR PEOPLE IN KOREA TO MAINTAIN VERY 
.GOOD RELATIONS WITH THEIR COUNTERPARTS, INCLUDING THE 
ROK MILITARY, THE SECRETARY EXPRESSED THE HOPE THAT 
SIMILAR GUIDANCE IS IN EFFECT ON THE KOREAN SIDE AND 
THAT THERE WILL BE THE FULLEST CONFIDENCE AND MUTUAL 
COOPERATION. 

5. IRAN--THE SECRETARY NOTED THE WIDESPREAD 
"YTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC DISLOCATION DUE TO OIL PRICE 



PAGE 03 STATE JOOm"? 

PROBLEMS. AT PRESENT THERE IS SOMETHING Of AN OIL GLUT, 
BUT SOME PRODUCERS MAY REDUCE THEIR 
PRODUCTION TO FIRM THE MARKET. IRAN IS NOW CHARGING 
A PREMIUM* OF TWO DOLLARS OR MORE FOR ITS OIL, BUT 
HOPEFULLY THE REALITIES OF THE MARKETPLACE WILL DICTATE 
A REDUCTION. WE ESTIMATE 

IRAN'S PRODUCTION IS DOWN TO ONE MILLION BPO, OR ONLY 
ABOUT 300,000 BPO FOR EXPORT AFTER DOMESTIC NEEDS ARE 
MET. THEY ARE RUNNING OUT OF EOUIPHENT AND SPARE PISTS 
FOR THEIR PETROLEUM INDUSTRY, THERE IS A HIGH DEGREfiJ 



yUSIFIED 



>0F CHAOS IN THE Oli. FIELDS, AND PROOUCTION PROSPECTS ARE 
^NERAi^y UNCERTAIN. 

6, THE SECRETARY THANKED THE FOREIGN MINISTER FOR THE 
KCK'SXaC'I'INUINQ SUPPORT AND SYMPATHY OVER THE HOSTAGE 
ISSUE.L 

' ■ ^ .1 ON SEVERAL OCCASIONS WE HERE 

HOPEFUL WE HAD WORKED OOTTONCRETE STEPS WITH IRAN 
REGARD INB THE HOSTAGES, BUT EACH TIME WHEN THE CRUNCH 
CAME THE IRANIAN GOVERNMENT COULD NOT CARRY THROUGH. • 
THERE IS SIMPLY NO ONE IN TEHRAN WITH WHOM WE CAN DEAL. 
WHO IS A COMPETENT INTERLOCUTOR. THE SECRETARY NOTED 
THAT THIS IS THEREFORE THE MOST FRUSTRATING PROBLEM HE 
HAS EVER FACED. 

7. THE U5G HAS USED GREAT RESTRAINT. WE HAVE UTILIIEO 
ALL AVAILABLE INTERNATIONAL ORGANS. NEVERTHELESS, WE HAVE 
BEEN OrSTftPPOINreO TIME AFTER TIME. THE TIME HAS NOW COME 
TO PUT INTO PLACE IN SOLIDARITY WITH OUR ALLIES » ?« 
SUBSTANTIVE ECONOMIC SANCTIONS WHICH HAVE A BITE. THE 

EC NINE WILL BE DISCUSSING ON APRIL 22 WHETHER TO TAKE 
COLLECTIVE MEASURES AGAINST IRV<. IF THERE IS NO. 
COMMUNITY AGREEMENT, THEN INDIVIDUAL EC MEMBERS WILL Sc 
FREE TO TAKE INDEPENDENT ACTION. IT IS IMPORTANT FOR ALL 
OF OUR FRIENDS TO REALI2E' THAT -THIS PROBLEM IS INCREASINGLY 
FRUSTRATING AND DIFFICULT FOR THE UNITED STATES AND THAT 



PAGE 0^ STATE IQOHH 

THE AMERICAN PEOPLE ARE REACHING THE END OF THEIR ROPE. 

a. FOREIGN MINISTER PARK SAID HE SHARED THE FRUSTRATION 
AND PROFOUND DISAPPOINTMENT OF THE UNITED STATES OVER THE 
FAILURE OF IRANIAN GOVERNMENT TO TAKE FORTHRIGHT ACTION 
IN SPITE- OF U.S. PATIENCE FOR SO MANY MONTHS. HE ASKED 
THE SECRETARY FOR AN ESTIMATE OF THE CHANCE FOR SUCCESS 
OF DIPLOMATIC PRESSURE AND ECONOMIC SANCTIONS. 

9. THE SECRETARY SAID WE BELIEVE THOSE IN IRAN OUTSIDE 
THE CONSERVATIVE CLERICAL ELEMENT OF THE POLITICAL 
STRUCTURE WANT THE HOSTAGE"' ISSUE TO BE RESOLVED SOON SO 
THE GOVERNMENT CAN TURN TO URGENT ISSUES SUCH AS THE 
ECONOMY AND INCIPIENT SEPARATISM. CONTINUATION OF PRESENT 
TRENDS COULD LEAD -TO FRAGMENTATION OF THE ■ COUNTRY JiaO AN 
OPPORTUNITY FOR SOVIET EXPLOITATION. HOWEVER, TH? 



iCUSSIflEO 



JtlQHr-HlNG CuERICAL GROUPS 00 NOT AGREE WITH THE NEED 
TO TURN TO THESE OTHER PRIORITIES. V*E FORESEE A 
HEIGHTENED STRUGGLE BETWEEN THE CLERICAL AND SECULAR 
GROUPS IN THE NEXT F»- KEEKS. MEANWHILE, WE HUST KEEP 
Up ECONOMIC, DIPLOMATIC, AKO POLITICAL PRESSURE. WF ■ 
SELIEVE IT IS HAVING AN EFffCT. 



[f THE SECRETARY POIOTEO OUT THAT IF THERE IS NOT 

STRON(ran.LECWVE ACTION W4ICH WILL HAVE AN IMPACT OiN 
IRAN, .THE UNITED STATES WILL HAVf NO ALTERNATIVE TO 



PAGE OS STATE I00m7 

UNILATERAL ACTIONS WHICH WE WOULD RATHER NOT TAKE. 

n. PARK SAID THAT JHE ROK IS CURRENTLY DEPENDENT UPON 
IRAN FOR 7S,Qii2^BP0 OF OIL, ABOUT 12 PERCENT OF TOTAL 
CONSUMPTION, yi^ " — 



'I 



V THE SECRETARY STATED THAT THE UNITED 

STATES HAS"~RSreD EUROPEAN COUNTRIES TO RECALL THEIR 
AMBASSADORS AND THEY HAVE DONE SO. IF THE SITUATIQIL 
DOES NOT IMPROVE BY MIO-MAY, WE ARE ASKING THAT THEY^ 




PROCEED TO aSe/^K biPLOMATIC RELATIONS' VANCeX 



iSflEO 



MR Csses Only! 
EO Citations 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM BpSTATE 207196 hQ RELEASE I ) "^^PrAoc cv 

( ) DELETE Mon-ResponsivB Info 

PAGE 01 STATE 207196 PA ExewpUonS 

ORIGIN EA-12 



TS authority to. 



INFO OCT-00 H-01 ADS-00 SS-15 HA-05 ( ADS ) R 

DRAFTED BV EA/K:« T BREER.-JCH 
APPROVED BY EA/K:W T BREEB, ACTlNd 
DESIRED DISTRIBUTION 

H:W ITOH (INFO) . EA/RA:J CUNNINGHAM (INFO) 

076967 111209Z /52-42 

R 05095'>£ AiiC" 80 
FM SECSTA1E WASHDC 
TO AMEHP/SFY SEOUL 



( ) CLASSIFY 88 ' ' „ fiADR 

{ ) WWNGRADETS«.( 1 S or ( I C OAOR 

EO 



^ STATE 207196 
E.O. 12CeE: N/A 
TAeS:PINT.. PINS, KS 

SUBJECT: LETTER TO AMBASSADOR FROM CONGRESSMAN WOLFF 



1 . FOLLOWING IS THE TEXT OF AN AUGUST 1 LETTER TO THE 
AMBASSADOR . WE ARE HOLOINQ THE ORIGINAL FOR HIS RETURN. 
EMBASSY MAV WISH TO MAKE INTERIM RESPONSE. 

2. BEEIK TEXT: 
DEAR MR. .AMBASSADOR: 

WHEN WE MET RECENTLY IN MY OFFICE IN WASHINGTON TO DISCUSS 
THE PRESENT CRISIS IN SOUTH KOREA. 1 INDICATED THAT I HELD 
INCREASI^'CLY SRAVE RESERVATIONS CONCERNING THE RBILITY OF 
THE FRIENOS^ OF SOUTH KOREA TO CONTINUE TO MUSTER THE 
SUPPORT OF THE CONGRESS. ANO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE. IF THE 
PRESENT TRENDS IN SOUTH KOREA CONTINUED. - 



STATE Z0719S 



I THOUGHT IT MIGHT BE USEFUL FOR VOU IF I SPECIFIED SOME 
OF MY CONCERNS IN WRITING. SO THAT. SHOULD YOU DEEM IT 
APPROPRIATE. YOU COULD CITE THESE VIEWS TO INTERESTED 
PARTIES IN SOUTH KOREA. 

SPECIFICALLY. I THINK WE HAVE LEARNED FROM THE TRAGEDY IN 
IRAN. AND THE SOCIAL UPHEAVALS ON TAIWAN, IN THE 
PHILIPPINES, ANO OTHER NATIONS, THAT NO AMOUNT OF AMERICAN 

PAGE NO. 



TEXT OF T6LEGRAM 80STATE 207196 



MORAL SUPPORT OR MATERIAL AID CAN INSULATE A GOVERNMENT 

FROM ITS OWN PEOPLE. 

THUS. THE FACT THAT THE UNITED STATES, IN MY VIEW. WOULD 
NEVER ABANDON ITS SECURITY COMMITMENTS TO THE PEOPLE OF 
SOUTH KOREA, DOES NOT MEAN THAT THE UNITED STATES CANNOT, 
SHOULD NOT, OR WILL NOT HAVE DEEP RESERVATIONS ABOUT 
DOMESTIC DEVELOPMENTS IN SOUTH KOREA, PARTICULARLY AS THEY 
IMPACT ON INTERNAL STABILITY. 

AS IN IRAN, WE ARE LEARNING THAT ANY GOVERNMENT WHICH MUST 
ENFORCE ITS LEGITIMACY THROUGH THE USE OF TROOPS, WIDE- 
SPREAD ARRESTS OF POPULAR POLITICAL, RELIGIOUS AND IN- 
TELLECTUAL LEADERS, AND SEVERE PRESS CENSORSHIP, WILL BE 
AN INHEPEKTLY UNSTABLE GOVERNMENT. 

WE CANNOT EXPECT THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, OR THEIR ELECTED 
REPRESENTATIVES IN THE CONGRESS, TO FULLY APPRECIATE THE 
COMPLEXIUES OF THE SITUATION IN SOUTH KOREA, OR IN ANY 
FOREIGN NATION. SIMILARLY. NO DOUBT THE PEOPLE OF SOOTH 
KOREA VIEW WITH CONCERN MANY ACTIONS OR OCCURENCES IN THE 
UNITED STATES. 

NONETHELESS. OVER A PERIOD OF TIME, A PERCEIVED PATTERN OF 




PAGE 03 , STATE 207136 

ACTIONS OF bCCURENCES IN SOUTH KOREA WILL BECOME VERY 
DIFFICULT ro PUT INTO. A PERSPECTIVE OF UNDERSTANDING, MUCH 
LESS CO^JTIN-JED SUPPORT ACROSS-THE-BOARD IN ECONOMIC AND 
SECURITY AREAS. 

THUS. THE "arrest OF VIRTUALLY EVERY POPULAR POLITICAL 
LEADER, rti*J .-HE APPARENT DETERMINATION TO TRY FOR HIS LIFE 
A MAN NEARLY ELECTED PRESIDENT OF SOUTH KOREA, ANO IN WHOM 
THE UNlTci) •j'-ATES HAS REPEATEDLY DEMONSTRATED ITS HUMANI- 
TARIAN iNTERtST. ARE AMONG THE EVENTS WHICH HAVE CAUSED 
MOUNTING CONCERN IN THE CONGRESS. 

I WOULD BE REMISS IN MY DUTY AS A FRIEW5 OF THE KOREAN 
PEOPLE IF I DID NOT MAKE CLEAR MY CONCERN THAT IF THE 
PRESENT TRENDS IN SOUTH KOREA CONTINUE, AND IF, FOR 
EXAMPLE, THE APPARENT INTENTION TO TRY KIM DAE UUNQ FOR 
HIS LIFE REACHES A NEGATIVE RESULT. THE NEXT VOTES CON- 
CERNING SOUTH KOREA -- INCLUDING POSSIBLE SECURITY 
ASSISTANCE -- WILL BE IN JEOPARDY. I WOULD CITE THE 
JULY 25 VOTE ON THE FOREIGN ASSISTANCE AUTHORIZATION ACT 
AS AN EXAMPLE OF THIS, WHERE THE CONGRESS SPECIFICALLY 
RESTRICTED ANY HONEY GOING TO ENFORCE MARTIAL LAW IN SOUTH 

KOREA . 



IN VERY FRANK ANO CANDID PUBLIC TESTIMONY BEFORE THE 

PAGE NO. 



IMSffl 




TEXT GF TELEGRAM 80STATE 207196 



FOREIGN RELATIONS COMMITTEE THIS WEEK, SECRETARY DF STATE 
MUSKIE SPECIFIED OTHER CONCERNS WHICH WOULD WELL AFFECT 
THE ABILITY OF THE UNITED STATES TO CONTINUE TO SUPPORT 
THE SOUTH KOREAN GOVERNMEhTT ; THE LIFTING OF MARTIAL LAW SO 
THAT THE SCHEDULE CONSTITUTIONAL REFERENDUM AND FREE 
ELECTIONS COULD TAKE PLACE IN AN ATMOSPHERE WHICH WOULD 
HELP REDUCE THE SOCIAL TENSIONS IN SOUTH KOREA. AND WHICH 
WOULD HELP RESTORE THE DREAM OF DEMOCRACY TO THE YOUTH DF 
KOREA. WHO WILL INHERIT THEIR COUNTRY REGARDLESS OF THE 
ACTIONS OF THE PRESENT GOVERNMENT. 




PAGE 04 , STATE 207196 



U.S. PUBLIC OPINION. AND THE CONGRESS, FOR THAT MATTER. 
CAN FREQUENTLY BE CRITICIZED FOR RAPID SWINGS OF SUPPORT 
FOR ONE SI(5e or ANOTHER IN WORLD AFFAIRS. HOWEVER. THIS 
IS A PHENCMEKON WHICH HAS TO BE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT. I 
RAISE THIS P2I.VT BECAUSE OF THE RECENT PROPAGANDA OFFENSIVE 
BY THE AUTHOBiriES IN PYONGYANG. 

A LOSS OF aVsrICAN PUBLIC GOOD WILL AND SUPPORT FDR SOUTH 
KOREA, IF PRESENT TRENDS CONTINUE, COULD THUS BECOME 
IRREVERSIBLE. WITNESS CURRENT U.S. ENTHUSIASM FOR THE 
PEOPLE'S itERiJ^LlC OF CHINA, A RELATIONSHIP WHICH IS NOT 
GOING TO DIMINISH FOR THE FORESEEABLE FUTURE. 

WHILE I COULb MAKE OTHER POINTS, I THINK MY ESSENTIAL 
MESSAGE IS CccAR, THAT IS, THE FRIENOS OF THE PEOPLE OF 
SOUTH KOREA AR2 GOING TO FIND IT VERY DIFFICULT, IF MOT 
IMPOSSIBLE. TO SECURE THE TRADITIONAL SUPPORT WHICH HAS 
CHRACTERIZEP PUR RELATIONS OVER THE YEARS, UNLESS THE 
PRESENT LEADERSHIP IN SOUTH KOREA EXERCISES RESTRAINT. 

TRUSTING THAT THESE THOUGHTS HAY SERVE OF SOME USE TO 
YOU, LET M= ASSURE YOU THAT I SUPPORT AND APPHECrATE YOUR 
OUTSTANDIrIG ff rORTS TO CONTIWJE THE DIALOG BETWEEN SEOUL 
AND WASHINGTON. 

SINCERELY YOURS. 

LESTER L. WOLFF, CHAIRMAN 
SUBCOMMITTEE ON ASIAN 
AND PACIFIC AFFAIRS 



END TEXT. MUSKIE 




PAGE NO. 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 80SEOUL 001186 



UWSIFIED 



PAGE 01 
ACTION EA-12 



SEOUL 01186 01 OF 03 290105Z 



OCT-01 ADS-00 INR-tO SS-15 CIAE-00 EB-QS ICA-11 
DODE-00 AID-07 HHO-01 NSC-05 NSAE-00 SY-OS ME0-O5 
HA-OB L-03 DLOS-09 TRSE-00 PH-05 PA-01 PC-01 
PER-01 CDHE-OO OMB-01 IMH-05 CA-01 SIG-03 COMP-01 
FBO-OS AGR-01 OES-09 ACDA-12 A-02 iJUS-01 DEA-01 
SP-02 OC-06 PPT-01 VO-05 OCS-06 10-14 /181 W 
— --OS1068 2901S3Z /15 



P 29O051Z dAN 80 
FH AMEMBASSY SEOUL 
TO SECSTATE VASHOC PRIORITY 3928 
INFO AMEtilBASSV TOKYO 

fCTION 01 OF 03 SEOUL 01186 

E.O. 12qft5L: fiOS 1/28/86 (GLEYSTEEN. W.H.) OR-M 
TAGS: AMaT?»0«EN, PEPR, KS 

SUBJECT :j^*;OREA - AKBASSADjm'S POLICY ASSESSMENT 
REF: (*)c ESTATE 310299 (PARA B). (B) STATE 00358 



DEPA ff7iv1_.jl ut- 

( ) DtNr 



( ) D^Uurt^oii- 1 
IN PART 

( ) DELETE Non -Responsive IdIo 
FOIA Exemptions, 

PA Ejtettiptfons, 



iS,FPC;co(? //(*/>[ 



■ It; U.ily 



( ) CLASSIFY BB 1 ) S or ( 

( ) DOWNGRADE IS to ( ) S or ( 



auitionty lo. 
) C OADR 
) C OAO1Y 



i^miSE TEXT) 



1. 5 

2. SUMtfcHhV:': BASIt U.S. INTERESTS IN KOREA REMAIN 
UNCHANGED BUT THE FOCUS OF BILATERAL RELATIONS HAS ALTERED 
SIGNIFICAKTLV IN THE PAST YEAR, MAJOR BILATERAL PROBLEMS 
--SUCH ifS. "UiE TROOP WITHDRAWAL ISSUE, KOREAGATE ANO THE 
TRADE BALAHCE--WERE ESSENTIALLY RESOLVED IN 1979. NOW. 
FOLLOWING PRESIDENT PARK'S DEATH AND THE MILITARY UPHEAVAL 
OF 0eCEiSfflf'^1''2. WE FIND OURSELVES IN AN UNPRECEDENTEDLY 
AGTIVISTISOIlE as we SEEK TO HELP STABILIZE EVENTS DURING 

A PERIOD'.Cr POLITICAL TRANSITION, COMPOUNDED BY THE 
SEVEREST ECONOMIC SITUATION MANY KOREANS CAN REMEMBER. 
SWIFT REAFFIRMATION OF OUR SECURITY COMMITMENT TO THE ROK 
HAS PROVIDED AN ESSENTIAL UNDERPINNING FOR STABILITY IN 
Tuc TDAuCiVtnu PERIOD. OUR KEY POSITIONS AT THIS POINT 



PAGE 02 



SEOUL 01186 01 OF 03 290105Z 



ARE TO URGE THE GOVERNMENT TO MOVE AHEAD WITH POLITICAL 
LIBERALIZATION. THE MILITARY TO REMAIN UNIFIED AND REFRAIN 
FROM CRUDE INTERVENTION IN POLITICS, AND THE OPPOSITION TO 
BE PATIENT. BUT OUR ACTIVIST ROLE IS NOT AN EASY' ONE ANO 
EVENTUALLY WE WILL BE "DAMNED IF WE DO AND DAMNED IF WE 
DON'T" BY VARIOUS ELEMENTS OF SOCIETY SEEKING OUR SUPPORT. 
THE COSTS OF MISCALCULATION ARE HIGH. IF WE DON'T DO 
ENOUGH, DANGEROUS EVENTS COULD OCCUR; IF WE TRY TO DO TOO 
MUCH, WE HAY PROVOKE STRONG, CHAUVINIST REACTIONS. USG 




TEXT OF TELEGAAM 80SE0UL 001186 



POLICY OF DEALING WITH ECONOMIC ISSUES ON A CASE-BY-CASE 
BASfS RISKS INCREASING THE PRESSURES ON THE PRESENT 
CIVILIAN GOVERNMENT IN AN AREA THAT MAY BE CRUCIAL TO ITS 
SURVIVAL AND TO PEACEFUL TRANSITION. ALTHOUGH THEY USUALLY 
MUTE THEIR OPINION, MOST KOREANS SENSE A REDUCTION IN THE 
REAL POWER OF THE U.S. AND ARE INCREASINGLY CONCERNED OVER 
WHAT THEY PERCEIVE AS OUR UNWILIINGNESS TO FACE UP TO THE 
SOVIET CHALLENGE. ANO THEY ARE ALSO SOMEWHAT SKEPTICAL OF 
OUR ABILITY TO HANDLE BEIJING. THEY SUSPECT WE MAY BE TOO 
PREOCCUPIED ELSEWHERE TO RESPOND RESOLUTELY TO DIFFICULTIES 
ON THE PENINSULA. FEW KOREANS BELIEVE THAT PYONGYANG HAS 
CHANGED ITS SPOTS, AND SEE THE RECENT PEACE OFFENSIVE AS A 
TACTICAL PLOY. STILL, THEY APPRECIATE KOREA'S SHIFTING 
INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENT AND SUPPORT THE ROKG'S POSITIVE 
RESPONSE TO THE PROPOSAL. FDR SOME IT IS ONLY TO PUT THE 
ONUS ON PY0^^3YANG FOR AN EVENTUAL FAILURE OF THE RENEWED 
NORTH- SOUTH .DIALOGUE; FDR OTHERS IT IS THE HOPE THAT 
TENSIONS PN THE PENINSULA CAN ACTUALLY BE REDUCED WITHIN 
fHE FDRE^^^AB^LE FUTURE. END SUMMARY. 

3. BASIC U.S. INTERESTS IN KOREA REMAIN THE SAME AS THOSE 
OUTLINED sIN LAST YEAR'S "GOALS ANO OBJECTIVES," BUT THE 
SETTING ioAlH^rJ WHICH WE PURSUE THESE OBJECTIVES HAS 
CHANGmjBAMATICALLY. BY HID- 1979 WE SAW RESOLUTION OF 



PAGE 03 « SEOUL 01186 01 OF 03 290105Z 

♦ t c 

MOST SERIOUS BILATERAL ISSUES WHICH DOMINATED THE RELATION- 
SHIP FORr THE PAST SEVERAL YEARS. THE ANNOUNCEMENT THAT 
FURTHER WiiHUkAWALS OF U.S. COMBAT TROOPS WOULO BE SUSPENDED 
UNTIL AT LEAST 1981 CONTRIBUTED ENORMOUSLY TO KOREAN CON- 
FIDENCE iHeim U.S. COMMITMENT TO ROK SECURITY--THE NIHMBER 
ONE PRIORJTYjOF VIRUTALLY ALL KOREANS. WITH PRESIDENT 
CARTER 'S'SUCCnsSFUL VISIT TO SEOUL IN LATE JUNE. THE 
STRAINS THE RELATIONSHIP CAUSED BY "KOREA-GATE" WERE 
LARGELY J>UJ BiHINO US. ANO, THANKS IN PART TO A CONSCIOUS 
ROKG POUIiWc -A'»«) in part TO VIGOROUS EMBASSY -BUSINESS 
COOPERATIVE EFFORTS. THE BILATERAL .TRADE RELATIONSHIP 
IMPROVES JO GIVE THE U.S. A SMALL SURPLUS. ONGOING LARGE 
PROJECTS ARE'ilKELY TO PRODUCE SIMILAR RESULTS IN YEARS TO 
COME. 



4. HOWEVER. WITH THE SOURING OF THE POLITICAL ATMOSPHERE 
IN THE FALL, PRESIDENT PARK'S ASSASSINATION, ANO THE POWER 
GRAB ON DECEMBER 12, WE WERE FACED WITH A NEW BALLGAME, 
ONE REQUIRING A DEGREE OF DIRECT U.S. INVOLVEMENT IN 
DOMESTIC KOREAN AFFAIRS UNPARALLELED IN MANY YEARS. 



5. THE MAJOR BILATERAL ISSUE NOW IS A CONTINUING U.S. 
EFFORT TO PROMOTE STABILITY WITHIN THE ROKG BODY POLITIC. 
PARK'S DEATH HAS OPENED OPPORTUNITIES FOR BUILDING A 
MODERN POLITICAL CONSENSUS, BUT IT HAS ALSO DEPRIVED KOREA 
OF ITS FATHER FIGURE. THE DIFFUSE POWER STRUCTUfiE NOW IN 



mm 




173 




TEXT OF TELEGRAM 80SE0UL 001186 



PLACE IS HARD PUT TO FACE THE CHALLENGES OF OVERSEEING AND 
GUIDING THE LIBERALIZATION OF THE POLITICAL SYSTEM, COPING 
WITH A SEVERE ECONOMIC SITUATION, AND DEALING WITH THE 
NORTH'S NEW PEACE OFFENSIVE. OUR SWIFT ACTIONS TO ENSURE 
SECURITY FOLLOWING PARK'S DEATH AND THE DECEMBER 12 INCI- 
DENT PROVIDED AN ESSENTIAL UNDERPINNING FOR INTERNAL 
STABILITY hHD POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT, AND INCREASED OUR 
INFLUENCE--AT LEAST TEMPORARILY. 

OUR EFFORTS HAVE FOCUSSEDjON: (A) AOVISINQ THE ROK 



PAGE 04 



SEOUL 011B6 01 OF 03 290106Z 



173 



mm 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 8OSE0UL 001186 



PAGE 01 SEOUL 01186 02 OF 03 2901 18Z 

ACTION eA-12 

INFO OCT -01 ADS-00 INR-10 SS-15 CIAE-00 EB-08 ICA-t1 

DOOE-00 AIO-07 MMO-01 NSC-05 NSAE-00 SYrOS MED-OS 
HA-05 L-03 DLOS-09 TRSE-00 PM-05 PA-01 PC-01 
PER-Ol COME-00 OMB-01 INH-05 CA-01 SIG-03 COHP-01 
FBO-05 AGR-01 OES-09 ACOA-12 A-02 JUS-01 OEA-01 
SP-Oa OC-06 PPT-01 VO-06 OCS-06 10-14 /181 W 
051183 290154Z /15 

.P 2900512 OAN 80 

FH AMEMBASSY SEOUL 

TO SECSTATE ^VASHDC PRIORITY 3929 

INFO AMEHSitSSt TOKYO 



SECTION 02 OF 03 SEOUL 01186 

MtLITARYf<^bKl IME ONE HAND. TO HOLD TOSETHER AM). ON THE 
OTHER, TO REFRAIN FROM MUCKING UP THE POLITICAL PROCESS 
WHICH THEycPF.aCEIVE IN EXCESSIVELY SIWLISTIC TERMS: 
(5) URQI^ THE GOVERNHENr TO MOVE AS QUICKLY AS POSSIBLE 
OM BROADLY DESIRED POLITICAL LIBERALIZATION. WHICH INCLUDES 
revising: THE IINPOPUUR YUSHIN CDNSTITimoN. PROVIDING FOR 
THE DEMOCKATIC ELECTION OF THE NEXT PRESIDENT, LIFTING 
MARTIAL 4.AW«cAN0 ELIMINATING PARK-ERA HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES: 
AND (C) t|lF>RE§SING UPON STUBBORN OPPOSITION PARTIES AND 
OTHER AMTJ-fCTABLISHMENT GROUPS THE NEED FOR PATIENCE AND 
SOME DE^EEcOF COOPERATION WITH THE AUTHORITIES TO REDUCE 
THE PROSF'^C^OF a MILITARY COUNTER LASH, 
t 

7. WE SHOUliQ- APPROACH THE CURRENT GOVERNMENT WITH A 
CLEAN SLAP'Ek, CRITICIZING IT ONLY FOR ERRORS OF ITS OWN 
MAKING R%T^EIl THAN CONDEMNING IT FOR UNRESOLVED PROBLEMS 
INHERITED FROM THE PAST. AMONG THE LEADERSHIP OF THE MAJOR 
POLITI&Cl- ^GROUPINGS THERE SEEMS SOME REALIZATION OF THE 
SERIOUSKESECF THE SITUATION. AND THERE ARE SOME ATTEMPTS 
AT ACCOHUPMTIQN. HOWEVER. THE HARD TESTS—SUCH AS ENDING 
MARTI A1.>|.^W,,. ^AMENDING THE CONSTITUTION. AND DECIDING WHO 



PAGE 02 SEOUL 01186 02 OF 03 2W115Z 

MAY RUN FOR PRESIDENT--LIE /MEAD. THE ODDS ARE THAT 
KOREAN SOCIETY WILL SURVIVE IN REASONABLY GOOD SHAPE, OIT 
IT MAY GO THROUGH A FAIRLY ROUGH BASHING FROM FORCES THAT 
DO NOT KNOW THE ART OF COMPROMISE. 

8. THE ACTIVIST ROLE THWJST ON US BY EVENTS IS A VERY 
DIFFICULT ONE AT BEST. ALL SIGNIFICANT POLITICAL ELEMENTS 
SEEK THE IMAGE OF U.S. SUPPORT AND MANY SEEK RATHER CRUDE 
U.S. INTERVENTION TO SHORE UP THEIR WEAKNESSES! ULTIMATELY 

PAGE NO. 



ife .j2 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 80SECHJL 001186 



WE HILL THEREFORE BE CRITICIZED FOR UNDUE INTERFERENCE IN 
DOMESTIC AFFAIRS BY THOSE WHO SEE OUR SUPPORT FOR THEM AS 
LESS HELPFUL THAN DESIRED. FEW OF THEM REALIZE THAT OUR 
INFLUEIKE IS LIMITED IN LARGE PART BV THE FACT THAT WE 
COULD NOT PULL OUR POWERFUL SECURITY AND ECONOMIC LEVERS 
WITHOUT RISK OF DESTROYING THE ROK'S STABILITY. 

9. IN ONE AREA OF BILATERAL RELATItWS WE COULD BE MORE 
HELPFUL. SEVERAL YEARS AGO MOST KOREANS WOULD HAVE PAINTED 
AN OPTIMISTIC PICTURE OF THEIR ECONOMIC FUTURE; THIS IS NO 
LONGER TRUE, AND SHOULD THE PRESENT CIVILIAN GOVERNMENT BE. 
PERCEIVED AS INCAPABLE OF DEALING WITH THE ECONOMIC 
CHALLENGE. THE RISK OF A MILITARY COUP OR A POLITICAL 
.UPHEAVAL WOULD BE GREATLY INCREASED. HOWEVER, WE INVARI- 
ABLY DEAL WITH THE KOREANS ON ECONOMIC ISSUES OF IMPORTANCE 
TO THEM AS^frZCE. COLOR TELEVISION, TEXTILES. SHOES. 
SHIPPIN&.>£?&.. ONLY ON THE MERITS OF EACH INDIVIDUAL CASE, 
WITHOUT TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE CUMUUTIVE EFFECT OUR 
NEGATIVE mCfriOHS HAVE ON THE ROKQ. THROUGH STRENUOUS 
EFFORTS ON BOTH SIDES OUR OVERALL TRADE ACCOUNTS HAVE MM 
BECOME F/NtSKXilLE TO US; ANO WE MUST SHOW A MORE POSITIVE 
ATTITUDE 'IN MEETING SCMWE OF KOREA'S PRESSING ECONOMIC 
PROBLEMS >Ml,T>He MONTHS AHEAD ON THE BASIS OF OUR OVERALL 
POLICY IVTERESTS IN THIS COUNTRY. 




PAGE 03 ' SEOUL 011B6 02 OF 03 290115Z 



10. ALTHOUGH ACKNOWLEDGING OUR HELPFUL SECURITY ROLE IN 
THE POST-i^Akk ERA, MOST POLITICALLY AWARE KOREANS ARE CON- 
CERNED ABOUT VHAT THEY PERCEIVE AS OUR LACK OF POLITICAL 
WILL AND*MBbf;ARY RESOLVE IN THE WORLD ARENA. COMPOUNDING 
THEIR LINpER^NG DOUBTS ABOUT OUR RESOLUTION AGAINST THE 
NORTH KO«EANSs THEY FEAR WE LACK THE WILL TO DEAL WITH THE 
RUSSIAN ct&l'lENGE AND THEY SUSPECT WE OVERESTIMATE THE 
PRC'S UI^L^CTY AND RELIABILITY. THEY ARE CONCERNED THAT 

WE WILL 0»tW;b0WN OUR FORCES IN ASIA TO PARRY SOVIET MOVES 
ELSEt»1ER&, THUS ENCOURAGIW NORTH KOREAN ADVENTURISM AT A 
TIME WH^jne, U.S. IS NOT IN A POSITION TO RESPOND. THEY 
ARE ALSO CONCERNED THAT THE UNITED STATES IS NOT SUFFI- 
CIENTLY DISCIPLINED TO DEAL WITH THE DOMESTIC U.S. 
IMPLICATIONS OF SUCH GLOBAL ISSUES AS THE ENERGY CRISIS. 
FOR EXAMPLE, THE ROKG DOUBTS OUR ABILITY OR WILLINGNESS TO 
SUPPLY (BY EFFECTII^ GREATER CONSERVATION AT HOME) THE OIL 
WHICH IRAN WILL ALMOST CERTAINLY CUT OFF IF THE ROKG JOINS 
US IN SANCTIONS AS WE HAVE REQUESTED. 

11. KOREWJS ARE AMBIVALENT ABOUT CHINA'S IWREASED INTER- 
NATIONAL ROLE. ANO IMPROVING U.S. -CHINESE RELATIONS. ON 
THE ONE HAND THEY ACTIVELY HOPE CHINA WILL HELP COUNTER- 
BALANCE RUSSIA AND PYONGYANG. ON THE OTHER HAND THEY 
CONTINUE TO DISTRUST THE PRC AND FEAR WE MAY ONE DAY BE 
TAKEN IN BY BEIUING. TO THE ROK'S DETRIMENT. 




mmm 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 80SE0UL (X)1186 



12. KOREA'S RELATIONS WITH JAPAN ARE ABOUT AS GOOD AS ONE 
MIGHT HOPE, GIVEN THEIR LOWS PAINFUL HISTORY. IN PART AS 
A RESULT OF CLOSER PARALLELISM OF THEIR APPRECIATIONS OF 
THE SOVIET UNION, ANO TO A LESSER EXTENT CHINA, THERE IS 
AN INCREASING DEGREE OF TACIT COOPERATION BETWEEN JAPAN 
ANO THE ROK ON SECURITY MATTERS. THERE IS. HOWEVER, CON- 
SIDERABLE DISAGREEMENT ON NORTH KOREA, WITH THE JAPANESE 
TENDING TOWARDS AN UNRECIPROCAL TWO KOREAS POLICY WHICH IS 
ANATHEMA TO THE ROK. 

SECRET 

SECRET 

PAGE 04 SEOUL 01186 02 OF 03 290115Z 

'13. AS REGARDS NORTH KOREA, FEW PEOPLE IN THE ROK BELIEVE 




PAGE NO. 



mm 



173 




TEXT OF TELEORAH 80SE0UL 0O1 t86 



iiCLiSSIFi , 

PAGE 01 SEOUL 01186 03 OF 03 2901 17Z 

ACTION EA-12 

INFO OCT-01 ADS-00 INR-10 SS-15 CIAE-OO EB-08 ICA-11 

DDDE-00 AID-07 MND-01 NSC-05 NSAE-OO SY-05 HED-05 
HA-OS L-03 DLOS-09 TRSE-00 PM-05 PA-01 PC-01 
PER-01 COME-00 OHB-Ot INH-OS CA-01 SIG-03 COMP-01 
FBO-05 AGR-01 OES-03 ACDA-12 A-02 JUS-01 DEA-01 
SP-02 OC-06 PPT-01 VO-05 OCS-06 10-14 /181 W 
- 051220 290155Z /IS 

P 2900512 JAN 80 

FM AMEMBAS5Y SEOUL 

TO SECSTAiT.^ -HASHDC PRIORITY 3930 

INFO AM^^^SY TOKYO 

.^■■■■■Mli^ECTION 03 OF 03 SEOUL 01186 

THAT ACrEn,:THIRTY YEARS THE LEOPARD HAS CHANGED HIS SPOTS. 
DESPITE«PYONGYANQ'S USE OF THE PROPER TERMINOLOGY IN 
ADORESSfNG RQK OFFICIALS, MOST CONSIDER THE RECENT DPRK 
PEACE OFFEfiSIVE AS A PLOY AIMED AT TAKING ADVANTAGE OF THE 
CURRENT''?kHN^ITIONAL PERIOD HERE, RATHER THAN A SERIOUS 
ATTEMPT' AT ::ASING TENSIONS. HOWEVER, THERE SEEMS TO BE 
general' SUPP(»RT FOR THE GOVERNMENT'S RELATIVELY FORTHCMtNG 
POSTURE., V^JH THE GENERAL EXPECTATION THAT THE NORTH'S 
•TRUE COLORS^" WILL ULTIMATELY EMERGE DURItM M)RTH>SOUTH 
TALKS, L%AVlVtG THE ONUS FOR FAILURE ON PYONGYANG. DESPITE 
THIS CYjAt^jt'o^l, MANY KOREANS APPRECIATE THE EXTENT OF CHANGE 
IN THEIR: cSSOPOLITICAL ENVIRONMENT AND FAVOR CAUTIOUS 
EFFORTS TO ErXPLOIT THE CHANGES TO THEIR ADVANTAGE. SELF 
CONFIO^^^^?<DUCED BY RAPID ECONOMIC GROWTH HAS PLAYEO A 
CRUCIAL PART IN THIS NEW REALISM. 

14. ADKIf.mRATIVELY, OUR ACTIVIST ROLE OF MONITORING 
EVENTS cAND EXERCISING "FRIENDLY PERSUASION" WITH THE 
PfiINCIl|4ll,Pcl^AYERS ON THE SCENE IS STRAINING THE PERSONNEL 
RESOURCES OF THE MISSION. NO RESPITE IS IN SIGHT AND OVER 
THENEJT-SEVERAL YEARS WE WILL NEED A FULL STAFF OF TOP 



PAGE 02 SEOUt 011S6 03 OF 03 2901 17Z 



QUALITY PEOPLE IF WE ARE TO BE SUCCESSFUL IN HELPING KOREA 
THROUGH THIS DIFFICULT AND DANGEROUS PERIOD OF TRANSITION. 
GLEYSTEEN 




NNN 

PAGE NO. 
PAGE NO. 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 8OSE0UL 000813 



ADP544 

UNCLASSIFIED 



PAGE 01 
ACTION EA-12 



SEOUL 00813 210636Z 



INFO OCT-01 AOS-00 ACOA-ia CIAE-00 DOOE-00 PH-08 H-02 
INR-10 L-03 NSAE-00 NSC-OS ?k-02 SP-02 SS-15 
ICA-15 HA-05 /089 W 

122847 210846Z /6t 

P 210733Z JAN 80 
FH AMEMBASSY SEOUL 
TQ SECSTATE WASKDC PRIORITY 3737 
INFO CBMUSKOI^ ^EOUL KS//SJS 
CHJUSMAG SEOUL 
SA CINCUNC iW"' 



UNCLAS SE0Ubtrcei3 

E.O. 12065:^ N/ A 

TAGS: SOPNt KS, PEPR, US 

SUBJECT: R£)k kktSS COVERAGE OF HOLBROOKE VISIT 

c i; 1 

1. THE ROK^PRESS GAVE EXTENSIVE COVERAGE TO ASSISTANT 
SECRETARY Of, STAJE HOLBROOKE'S KOREA VISIT, INCLUOINfi 
HIS MEETINGS WITH ROKG OFFICIALS AND POLITICIANS. 
PARTICULAR iTfEPiJION WAS PAID TO HOLBROOKE'S COMMENTS 
ON THE ROK'S*P0L<ITICAL DEVELOPMENT AND ON DEFENSE 
SECRETARY BUSmUG CHINA VISIT. OTHER POINTS WERE: 
HOLBROOKE '^.RiESM'f I RMAT I ON OF THE U.S. RESOLVE TO CARRY 
OUT ITS TREATY OBLIGATIONS TO THE RDK IN TtHE WAKE OF 
THE IRAN AND AFGHANISTAN CRISES AND HOLBROOKE'S VIEW 
THAT THE TfMItfe OF THE RECENT NORTH KOREAN CALL FOR 
NORTH-SOUTH "TALKS SUGGESTS IT IS "A PLOT TO SPLIT THE 
SOUTHERN SlB&t^^.: ' THERE WERE CONFLICTING REPORTS ON WHAT 
IF ANYTHING CON^ERNINQ KOREA WAS DISCUSSED BETWEEN 
SECRETARY DRCWN<AND THE CHINESE. ALTHOUGH HOLBROOKE 
WAS QUOTED AS DENYING RECENT ROK PRESS STORIES THAT 
THE PRC PROPOSED A U.S. APPROACH TO THE DPRK WITHOUT 
DRAWING A nCCfir:VE RESPONSE FROM BROWN. 



D EPAgTMENT O F STATE 
M RELEASE 
I ) EXCISE 
( 1 Okm 



( ) OeCLASSIFV 
( ) DlCLAobify 

PA Exemptions 



MR Cases Onfy; 



t ) CUSSiFvlS 7 
( ) OOWMfiRAOe TS to ( 



UNCLASSIFIED 
UNCLASSIFIED 



PAGE 02 



SEOUL 00813 210836Z 



2. EDITORIALS EMPHASIZED THE NEED FOR 'CLOSE COOPERA- 
TION' BETWEEN THE U.S. AND THE ROK IN THE WAKE OF 
PRESIDENT PARK'S ASSASSINATION AND THE DECEMBER 12TH 
SHOOT-OUT AT THE MINISTRY OF NATIONAL DEFENSE. THE 
KUKCHE SINMUN JANUARY IB DESCRIBED HOLBRIXIKE'S CCWMENTS 
ON THIS SUBJECT, AS WELL AS THOSE m POLITICAL DEVELOP- 
MENT, AS "VERY ENCOURAGING, AND BELIEVE THAT THEY IN- 
CREASE OUR CONFIDENCE IN OUR ALLY". THE HANKUK ILBO 
JANUARY 17 DESCRIBED HOLBROOKE'S SUPPORTIVE COMMENTS 

PAGE NO. 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 80SEOUL 000613 



ON THE ROKG'S PLAN FOR POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT AS "THE 
FIRST OFFICIAL POSITION EVER EXPRESSED BY A U.S. 
GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL". THE EDITORIALISTS CONCLlfflED 
THAT THE PRC "SEEMS TO WANT TO MAINTAIN THE STATUS WO 
IN THE KOREAN PENINSULA" (SEOUL SINHUN) AND THAT THE 
VISIT WAS SIGNIFICANT BECAUSE "IT PROVIDED A CHANCE 
FOR SOUNDING OUT, ALTHOOBH INDIRECTLY, THE PRC'S POSTURE 
TOWARD THE KOREAN. PENINSULA' (HANKUK ILBO). SLEYSTEEN 



UNCLASSIFIED 



123 



I 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM B05EOUL C05419 



mm 



ADP706 

UNCLASSIFIED 



PAQE 01 
ACTKW EA-12 



SEOUL 05419 01 OF 04 302326Z 



INFO OCT-Ol ADS-OO SSO-00 NSCE-00 
DOOE-00 INR-10 NSAE-OO PA-02 

INRE-00 /047 W 



0 300a20Z APR 80 

FH AHEHBASSY SEOUL 

TO SECSTATE WASTOC IMMEDIATE S962 

INFO AMEHBASSY TOKYO 

CINCPAC HCN2UJLU HI 

COMUSKOfteA .SfiOUL KS//BJ-IS 

CHJUSMAG SEOUL KS 

SA CINCUNC KE. 

UNCLAS SCCTICN 01 OF 04 SEOUL 06419 

FOR EA/K f<TCH FROM GLEYSTEEN 

CINCPAC 'f=OR'>0LAD 



ICAE-OO CIAE-OO 
SP-02 SS-15 PM-OB 

■104279 010035Z /60 



DEPARTMENT OF STATE 



(y5 RELEASE I ) DECUSSIFY 
i ) EXCISE ( ) DECLASSIFY 

( ) DENY IN PACT 

( ) DELETE Non-Responsi»i! Info 

FOIA Examptions 

PA Exempttona 



; tofe'<gy.S/FP(;(CDR TT^B Date ^//j/f? 



MR Casua Only 
EO Citations 



TS agthority to. 

( ) CLASSIFY as 1 ) S or ( ) C OADR 

( ) DOWNGRADE TS to ( ) S or ( ) C OADR 



E.O. 12005: N/A 
TAGS: POOW PINT, KS 

SUBJECT. QliT OF CHUN DOC HWAN PRESS CONFERENCE 
1. FOLLOWING IS GIST OF APRIL 29 PRESS CONFERENCE BY LT. 
GEN. CHyfi'QuO HWAN (M-R: CHON TU-HWAN). ACTING DIRECTOR 
OF THE KORCAt) CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY (KCIA) ANO 
COMMANDER OFrTHE DEFENSE SECtiRITY COHKANO: 

BEGIN TEXT! 

Q: AFTEii- /OUR INAUGURATION AS ACTING DIRECTOR OF THE 
CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY (CIA). RUMORS HAVE IT 
THAJToIW; MILITARY HAY MEDDLE IN POLITICS AW) AFFECT 
THE POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM. WHAT DO YOU 
THINk^ ABOUT THIS? 

UNCLASSIFIED 
UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 SEOUL 05419 01 OF 04 302326Z 

A: IF PEOPLE BELIEVE THAT MY CONCURRENT POST AS ACTING 
CIA DIRECTOR MAY CAUSE A SETBACK IN POLITICAL DEVEL- 
OPMENT, IT IS TOTALLY A GROUNDLESS FEAR. THERE CAN 
BE NO HITCHES IN POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT AS THE GOVERN- 
MENT ANO THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY ARE PUSHING AHEAD WITH 

- THEIR PLANS FOR THE REALIZATION OF POLITICAL PROGRESS 
AND REVISION OF THE CONSTITUTION. 



UNTIL WHEN ARE VOU GOING TO HOLD THE POSTS OP 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM SOSEOUL 005419 

I 



COMMANDER OF THE DEFENSE SECURITY COHMAK) AND CENTRAL 
INTELLIGENCE AGENCY (CIA) DIRECTOR CONCURRENTLY? 

A: YOU KNOW .WELL THAT THE APPOINTMENT OF PUBLIC OFFI- 
CIALS IS LEFT TO THE DISCRETION OF THE PRESIDENT. 

Q: WERE THERE ANYSPECIAL REQUESTS FROM PRESIDENT CHOI 
KYU-HAH WHEN HE GAVE YOU A LETTER OF APPOINTMENT? 

A: I WAS ASKED TO NORMALIZE THE FUNCTION OF THE CIA AND 
DEVELOP IT AS AN ORGAN THAT CAN DRAW TRUST FROM THE 
PEOPLE. 

0: THE CIA HAS COME UNDER FIERCE ATTACKS FROM CITIZENS 
IN Xi^e'FAST FOR ITS ABUSE OF POWER, ALTHOUGH IT HAS 
MADE •BIf'TSTANOING CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE CAUSE OF 
NATIONAL, -SECURITY. HOW WILL YOU OPERATE THE CIA IN 
COM j^, D<.YS7 

A: FIR^r UK ALL, THE BUSINESS OF THE AGENCY WILL BE TO 
ENG>tQE IN THE WORK OF COLLECTING INFORMATION WITH 
REGARD ro ANTI-COMMUNIST AFFAIRS AND NO INTERFERENCE 
IN AWt^A^HCY OR ADMINISTRATION BY THE AGENCY PER- 
SON{(EL yiLL BE PERMITTED. 

UNCLASSdFilOc 

Ut«LASSl1=lED' 
» cc 

PAGE 03' r/ SEOUL 05419 01 OF 04 302326Z 

Oi ARBiVcrj WILLING TO WITHDRAW CENSORSHIP OF THE PRESS 
AT ANYA'RLY date? 

A! THE FRCELEM IS SUBJECT TO THE DISCRETION OF THE PRESS 
SECTION OF THE MARTIAL LAW COMMAND AND I AM NOT AFFI- 
LIATED kITH IT. AT SUCH A DIFFICULT iHWRTURE AS 
TODAY, I HOPE THAT THE PRESS WILL LEAD THE VAN IN 
COl^R^CTIjY GUIDING THE PEOPLE. 

Ol NOTeBUkY CIA AGENTS BUT ALSO THOSE OF THE DEFENSE 
SECiyiSIT!' COMMAND FREOUENT THE PRESS ORGANS. 00 YOU 
INTEND TO STOP THEIR VISITS OR TO CORRECT THIS PRAC- 
TICE? 

A: I'VE LEARNED THAT THEY ARE CONTACTING PRESS ORGANIZA- 
- TIONS IN CONNECTION WITH ■COOPERATION FOR SPECIFIC 
MATERIALS' WHICH THE LATTER REQUEST AND REQUIRE. 
THE DSC MEMBERS VISIT PRESS COMPANIES ONLY IN CONNEC- 
TION WITH THE MARTIAL LAW COMMAND'S OFFICIAL WORK. 
THEIR VISITS HAVE NOTHING TO DO WITH THE FREEDOM OF 
THE REPORTORIAL ACTIVITIES OF THE PRESS OR INFRINGE- 
MENT ON THE iXHJRNALISTS' RIGHTS AND INTERESTS. 

0: WOULD YOU MAKE IT CLEAR WHETHER THE CIA WILL CONTROL 
PRESS REPORTS AS BEFORE THE OCTOBER 26 INCIDENT EVEN 
AFTER THE CENSORSHIP OF NEWSPAPERS IS DISCONTINUED 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM SOSEOUL 006419 



WITH THE LIFTING OF MARTIAL LAW7 

A: THERE WILL BE NO SUCH CONTROL OF THE PRESS. FREEDOM 
OF THE PRESS AND JOURNALISTS' RIGHTS AND INTERESTS 
WILL BE FULLY GUARANTEED. BUT THE CIA WILL REQUEST 
COOPERATION FROM PRESS ORGANS ONLY ON MATTERS WHICH 

UNCLASSIFIED 




M.m\i 



PAGE NO. 3 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 80SEOUL 005419 



ADP70T 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 01 SEOUL 05419 02 OF 04 3008492 

ACTION EA-12 

INFO OCT-01 ADS-00 SSO-00 NSCE-00 ICAE-00 CIAE-00 

DODE-00 INR-IO NSAE'OO PA-02 SP-02 SS-18 P1I-05 
INRE-OO /047 W 

098820 01003SZ /60 

0 3O0820Z APR 80 
FH AHEMBASSY SEOUL 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 5963 
INFO AMEMBASSY TOKYO 
CINCPAC ^pLULU HI 
COHU5K08EA SEOUL KS//6J-IS 
CHOUSMAa'SeOOL KS 
SA CINCpip KZ 

UNCLAS 5EC7,I0N 02 OF 04 SEOUL OS419 

MAY^ BECOME DECISIVE FACTORS HAMPERING NATIONAL SE- 

-: CUfiriW;-'- 

p t' 

01 WHA:T YOU THINK ABOUT THE PERSISTENT RUMOR ABOUT A 
NEW^ .POLITICAL PARTY WILL BE FOUNDED? 

A: I'VE LbASNED FROM NEWSPAPERS THAT SUCH A RUMOR IS 
SPREADIKG. BUT THE RUMOR IS TOTALLY GROUNDLESS 
ACCI7RD.INS TO INFORMATION GATHERED BV THE ORGANS 
UMS^P.'MX JURISDICTION. 

0: WHAT IS YOUR OPINION OF THE TIMETABLE FOR POLITICAL 
DEVtLOHkiENT AMD CONSTITUTIONAL AMENOMENTT 

A: I HAVE- REPEATEDLY EMPHASIZED HERE THAT WHAT I AM DOING 
HAS MO^HINQ TO DO WITH POLITICAL PROBLEMS SUCH AS THE 
SCHEDULE FOR POLITICAL PROGRESS AND CONSTITUTIONAL 

AHCNDMErjT. 

« 0 o c c c 

I ^pi- YOU WILL BEAR IN HIND THAT THE BASIC DUTY OF 
THCt OBGAN I MANAGE IS TO PROTECT POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT 

UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 SEOUL 05419 02 OF 04 3008492 

- BY GETTING RID OF FACTORS HARMFUL TO IT WHILE SAFE- 
GUARDING THE COUNTRY AND MAINTAINING SOCIAL STABILITY. 

0: CAN YOU EXPRESS tOW VIEW ON RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN 

- THE NATIONAL SITUATION, ESPECIALLY THE CAMPUS PROBLEMS 
AND THE BEHAVIOR AND REMARKS OF POLITICIANS? 

A; I FEEL THAT ALL OF THE PEOPLE SHOULD CHERISH THE STU- 
DENTS AND SUPPORT THEM TO ENABLE THEM TO INDULGE IN 

PAGE NO. 




mm 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 8OSE0UL 005419 



STUDYING. I ALSO THINK THAT WE SHOULD LOOK AFTER THEH 
LEST THEY BE POLLUTED BY SOME INDISCREET POLITICAL 
FORCES. I HOPE THAT CAMPUS PROBLEMS WILL BE SOLVED 
BY THE CAMPUSES THEMSELVES. 

IT IS UNDESIRABLE FOR POLITICIANS TO MAKE REMARKS OR 
COMMIT BEHAVIOR STIRRING UP THE PEOPLE OR CONFUSING 
SOCIETY. 

0: WOULD YOU EXPLAIN THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE SUPREME 
COURT'S TRIAL OF KIM JAE-KYU? 

At I'VE LEARNED THAT THE SUPREME COURT IS TRYING THE 
CASE. I EXPECT THE APPEAL TRIAL TO END AROUND THE 
MIDDLE OF MAY ACCORDING TO THE COURT PROCEDURES. 

sr. c I 

Q: SIX'DEFErjDANTS INCLUDING KIM OAE'KYU WERE SENTENCED 

- TO OEATrtBY THE APPEAL COURT. IS THERE ANY PROSPECT 
FORf/OHAHGE IN THEIR PENALTY BY THE SUPREME COURT? 

A: WE 'can see THIS ONLY AFTER THE HIGHEST COURT MAKES 
ITSf FINAL iMXMENT. 

t Of < . . 

Q: A Hditai/IStn TO SAVE THE LIFE OF KIM iME-KYU IS BEING 

UNCLAS^FI^p 

UNCLASSmED 

PAGE OS SEOUL 0B419 02 OF 04 300S49Z 

LAUNQWA IN SOME CIRCLES OF SOCIETY. WHAT DO YOU 
THr^fJ5^B.0UT THIS7 

A; IT IS VERY REGRETTABLE. I SUFFER HEARTACHE ABOUT THE 
INVCLVEKENT OF A FEW RELIGIOUS MEN IN THE MOVEMENT. 
IF THEV ATTEMPT TO PUSH AHEAD WIT>I THE MOVEMENT AS A 
MEANS FCR THE ACHIEVEMENT OF THEIR POLITICAL PURPOSES, 

- CAI,LiNG HIM A DEMOCRATIC FIGHTER. SUCH AN ATTEMPT 
WOULP BF EXTREMELY WORRISOME. WHAT DID KIM JAE-KYU 
COSIHlVi - 

t: ; 

- KIH<.;F;.nN immoral person, who CALLED FOR THE IMPOSI- 
TION OF EMERGENCY MEASURE NO. 10. HE DISGRACED DEMO- 
CRATIZATION ITSELF BY GLOSSING OVER HIS CRIME AS A 

- DEED FOR THE DEWTCRATIZATION OF THE NATION. 

0: DO YOU HAVE ANY PLANS FOR FUTURE PROtJECTS TO CARRY OUT 
IN MEMORY OF THE LATE PRESIDENT PARK CHUNQ-HE6 AND 
MEASURES FOR HIS BEREAVED FAMILY? 

A: I'VE BEEN TOLD THAT ABOUT 30.000 CITIZENS HAVE VISITED 
THE LATE PRESIDENT'S GRAVE EACH DAY. I BELIEVE THAT 
THEY WILL PROMOTE PROJECTS TO CHERISH THE MEMORY OF 
THE LATE PRESIDENT SOME DAY. 

0: WHAT IS YOUR VIEW OF GROWING LABOR DISPUTES IN CDNNEC- 

PAQE NO. 



mm 



mmm 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 8OSE0UL 00>&41S 

HON WITH THE RIOTS QF THE MINERS IN SABUK7 

A: I CAN UNDERSTAND THE SaPFERING OF THE MINERS. BUT THE 
PROBLEMS SHOULD BE SOLVED THROUGH REGULAR PROCEDURES. 
THE HIGH ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DURING THE 1970S, VWAT- 
EVER OTHERS HAY SAY, WAS OWING TO THE LABORERS WHO 

UNCLASSIFIED 

raw 



OC DA 
* c 
*9* »ac 




6 c c 



C C r; 1. 1 

< c I 
c <: c c 



PAGE NO. 



mm 



icussra 



TEXT OP TELEGRAM aoSEDUL OOS419 



ADP708 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 01 ■ SEOUL 0S419 03 OF 04 300857Z 

ACTION EA-12 

INFO OCT-01 AOS-00 SSO-00 NSCE-QO ICAE-00 CIAE-00 

DODE-00 INfi-IO NSAE-00 PA«03 SP-02 SS-15 PH-06 
IMRE-OO /047 W 

0SB860 Ot0036Z /60 

0 300820Z APR 80 

FM AHEHBASSY SEOUL 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 5964 

INFO AMEMBASSY TOKYO 

CINCPAC HONOLULU HI 

COMUSKOIiB'/r^.OUL KS//BO-IS 

CHJUSMAe«e<Jl/L KS 

SA CINCWC KS 

UNCLAS SECTION 03 OF 04 SEOUL 05419 

SWEATED AT REUTIVELY LOW WA6ES ON THE INTERNATIONAL 

LEVKi,;:.! 

BUr'THrDISPUTES SHOULD BE SETTLED IN THE LEGAL FRAME- 
WORK. /WAGES SHOULD BE RESTUDIED FROM THE VIEWPOINT 
OF TflE NATIONAL INTEREST. THE GOVERNMENT, EMPLOYERS 
ANOcUNeiaN LEADERS SHOULD FEEL RESPONSIBILITY, 
c .* 

Q: WHAT^/^.VOUR EVALUATION OF THE DOMESTIC SITUATION? 

« t. 

A: IT I'S TSJE THAT THE ARMED FORCES ARE ON ALERT DUE TO 
THE SITUATIONS IN IRAN AND AFGHANISTAN. 

THERE is" no change IN THE SECURITY-FIRST GOVERNMENT 
POL^ICY. IT IS WELL KNOWN THAT NORTH KOREA VIGOROUSLY 
PURSUES THE UNIFICATION OF THE NATION UNDER COMMUNISM. 
WEJA^E now DISPOSED AT THE WEAKEST POINT DOMESTICALLY. 
WHietioSWXJLD BE WEIGHED. 

SINCF AFTER THE OCTOBER 26 INCIDENT. THE SECURITY 
IStiyE.HAS BECOME MORE IMPORTANT THAN EVER BEFORE. 

UNCLASSlfled 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 SEOUL 05419 03 OF 04 30O857Z 

NOTWITHSTANDING, THERE IS A TENDENCY AMONG THE PEOPLE 
TO HAKE LIGHT OF IT. 

NATIONAL SECURITY CAN BE THOlJ»iT TO BE NOT AS IMPOR- 
TANT NOW AS A RESULT OF IMMUNITY FORMED DUE TO TOO 
MUCH EMPHASIS ON IT. SOME MAY CLAIM THAT NATIONAL 
SECURITY WAS ONLY AN EXCUSE FOR PERPETUATING A REGIME. 

- BUT IT IS A HARD FACT THAT NATIONAL SECURITY CONTINUES 

PAGE NO. 



TEXT OF TELE&RAM 8OSE0UL 005419 



TO BE THE T04> PRIORITY OF NATIONAL CONCERN UNTIL NORTH 

- KOREA ABANDONS ITS AOVENTURISH. 

NATIONAL SECURITY SHOULD BE NEITHER A TOOL FOR KEEP- 

- ING POWER NOR AN EXCUSE FOR ANTI -GOVERNMENT ACTIVI- 
TIES. 

Q: SOME RETIRED GENERALS ARE TAKING PART IN POLITICAL 
ACTIVITIES, JOINING POLITICAL PARTIES IN THE WAKE OF 

- THE OCTOBER 26 INCIDENT. WILL THIS HAVE EFFECT ON 
NATIONAL SECURITY? 

A: I THINK IT IS UP TO EACH PERSON WHETHER TO JOIN A 

PARTY. THERE ARE ABOUT 800 RETIRED GENERALS AND ONLY 

- ABOUT 20 TO 30 HAVE JOINED POLITICAL' PARTIES. I EX- 

- PECT iJOUSING POLITICAL PARTIES, RULING OR OPPOSITION, 
' TO flf,J^pgiZM TONTRIBUriON TO NATIONAL SECURITY. 

0: WILl^YW TELL US ABOUT THE GENERALS OUSTED IN THE 
DECfMBTS 12 INCIDENT AND GEN. YUN PIL-Y0NG7 

c c ; . ■ * 
A: ONLVt FIVE GENERALS TOOK OFF THEIR UNIFORMS IN THE 
DEC^Eft.12 INCIDENT. THEY ARE RESIGNED TO THEIR 
FAMILY LIVES. BEHAVING THEMSELVES PRUDENTLY. QEN. 
UHCLASSlVfflf' 
U^BLASS{F^EII,. 

PAGE 03 SEOUL 05419 03 OF 04 300857Z 

YUN WAS REHABILITATED ON FEBRUARY 29. I KNOW THAT 

- HE CCMCthNS HIMSELF WITH HIS FAMILY NOW. 

0: WOULD YOU PLEASE SAY SOMETHING ABOUT NORTH KOREA? 

A: NORTH KOREA IS NOW CONSOLIDATING ITS PEOPLE IN BOTH 
ORGANIZATION AND SPIRIT IN PREPARATION FOR THE SIXTH 
GENEhfMi. MEETING OF THE WORKERS' PARTY. IN ORDER TO 
ACHIEVE THIS YEAR'S ECONOMIC GOALS BY OCTOBER, THE 
N0R;;t4i<(]^EAN REGIME IS MOBILIZING THE PEOPLE IN 
VARIOUS LABOR SERVICES. IT IS ALSO EXPECTED THAT 
KIM IL-S'JNG'S SON KIM CHONG-IL WILL SURFACE AS HEIR- 
APP^A'R£p)f IN THE SIXTH MEETING. 
I 

IN THE MILITARY FIELD, AN EXTENDED MEETING OF MILITARY 
AND PARTY LEADERS WAS HELD IN DECEMBER LAST YEAR, IN 
WHICH THEY VOWED TO COPE WITH DEVELOPMENTS AT HOME 
AND ABROAD MILITARILY, STRESSING COMBAT PREPAREDNESS. 
SINCE THE START OF THE NEW YEAR', UNPRECEDENTED OFFEN- 

- SIVe TRAINING HAS BEEN CONTINUOUSLY HELD. 

THE NORTH KOREAN REGIME BELIEVES THAT CURRENT DEVELOP- 

- HENTS HERE ARE AN OPPORTUNE TIME FOfl REVOLUTION 18 
YEARS AFTER THE MAY 16 REVOLUTIcm. IT IS BEEFING UP 

- OPERATIONS AGAINST SOUTH KOREA MAINLY TO EXPLOIT THE 
POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT AS A DECISIVE TIME FOR REVOLU- 

PAQE NO. 



TEXT OF TELEonAM 80SE0UL 0OS419 



TION. 

tr IS ALSO HOLDING VARIOUS RALLIES IN NORTH KOREA 
SUPPORTINS THE -STRUGGLE" OF STUDENTS IN SOUTH KOREA. 
IT ALSO OPENED A BRANCH OFFICE OF TONGHYOKOANG 
(REVOLUTIONARY UNIFICATION PARTY), A DISGUISED UNDER- 



UNCLASSIFIED 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 8OSE0UL 006419 



ADP709 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 01 SEOUL 05419 04 OF 04 300900Z 

ACTION EA-12 

INFO OCT-01 ADS-00 SSO-00 NSCE-00 ICAE-00 CIAE-00 

DOOE-00 INR-10 NSAE-OO PA-02 SP-02 SS-15 PM-05 
INRE-00 /047 W 

- "09S876 010037Z /60 

0 3OO820Z APR 80 

FM AMEMBASSY SEOUL 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 5965 

INFO AMEMBASSY TOKYO 

CINCPAC HONOLULU HI 

C0MUSK0R^,5.E0UL KS//BJ-IS 

CHOUSMAffl SEOUL KS 

SA CINClJhId'K'S 

unclas section 04 of 04 seoul 05419 

groyno party in south korea, in japan on april 18 and 
is increasing subversive activities against south 

korIa'by'various means. 

0; it «s reported that the dispute in korean-american 
relkj'ion^ following the december' 12 incident last 
year has been solved completely. are these reports 

TRUE? 

A: IT I® T-SUE THAT THERE HAD BEEN SOME MISUNDERSTANDING 
ABOUT; ^THt QUESTION WITH REGARD TO THE RIGHT OF COMMAND 
IN THE WAKE OF THE OUTBREAK OF THE INCIDENT. 

HOWEVER, THROUGH EFFORTS EXERTED MUTUALLY BY BOTH 
SiqES, IT HAS BEEN SOLVED COMPLETELY AND THE TWO 
ALLIES ARE NOW SOLIDIFYING THEIR JOINT DEFENSE POS- 
TUPE STEADFASTLY. THE JOINT EXERCISE TEAM SPIRIT '80 
COI^l^qXED BETWEEN MARCH AND EARLY THIS MONTH HAS 
ACCOUNTED FOR THIS. 

UNCLASbiFIED 
UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 SEOUL 05419 04 OF 04 300900Z 

0: THE UNITED STATES IS SAID TO HAVE EXPRESSED DISCONTENT 
WITH YOUR CONCURRENT SEAT AS ACTING CIA DIRECTOR. 
WHAT IS YOUR OPINION ON THIS? 

A: FROM THE COMMON-SENSE POINT OF VIEW, THERE IS NO REA- 
SON FOR OUR STAUNCH ALLY, AMERICA. TO INTERFERE IN 
KOREA'S DOMESTIC AFFAIRS AND DESTROY TRUSTWORTHY RELA- 
TIONS BETWEEN THE TWO STATES BY EXPRESSING DISSATIS- 
FACTION OVER OUR PRESIDENTIAL RIGHT TO GIVE A NEW 
ASSIGNMENT TO ANY PERSON CONCERNED. 

PAGE NO. 



iCLiSSIFlEO 




TEXT OF TELEGRAM 80SE0UL 005419 



I BELIEVE IT IS NOTHING BUT THE TACTICS OF SOME PER- 
SONS, WHO HAVE IMPURE MOTIVATIONS. TO ALIENATE KOREA 
FROM THE UNITED STATES. 

0: WHEN DO YOU THINK MARTIAL LAW CAN BE LIFTED? 

A: I PERSONALLY HOPE THAT IT WILL BE LIFTED AT THE 

EARLIEST POSSIBLE DATE. CIRCUMSTANCES MUST BE CREATED 
FOR THAT END. 

TO SAY ANYTHING ABOUT THE DATE FOR THE LIFTING OF 
- MARTIAL LAW IS BEYOND MY AUTHORITY. 

END TEXT. QLEYSTEEN 

UNCLASSIglSQ 



PAGE NO. 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 79SE0UL 014313 



A0P794 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAQE 01 SEOUL 14313 1900582 

'action EA-12 

INFO 0CT-O1 ADS-00 CIAE-00 DODE-00 PM-OC M-02 IMR-10 
L-03 NSAE-OO PA-02 SP-02 SS-15 NSCB-00 SSO-00 
ICAE-00 INRE-00 HA-05 /058 W 

029833 191000Z /ai 

0 190940Z SEP 79 
FM AMEMBASSV SEOUL 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 1028 
INFO AMEMBASSY TOKYO 
SA CINCUNC KS 
CHUUSMAG SEOUL KS 
COMUSKOREA SEOUL KS//SiJS 

UNCUAS SEOUL 14313 

E.O. 12065; N/A 
TAGS: SOPN IjCS US PEPR 

SUBJECT; ROK MEDIA COVERAGE OF KI,M YONG-SAH'S 
NEW YORK TIMES INTERVIEW 

REF: SEOUL 14243 

1. THE ROK PRESS IS GIVING CONSIDERABLE COVERAGE TO THE 
CONTROVERSY SURROUNDING OPPOSITION NEW DEMOCRATIC PARTY 
HEAD KIM YONG-SAH'S INTERVIEW WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES. 
MOST PAPERS 9/19 RAN SUMMARIES OF THE INTERVIEW'S MAIN ■ 
POINTS: KIM'S OPPOSITION TO CARTER'S ROK VISIT, HIS 
DEMAND THAT THE U.S. END SUPPORT FOR THE PARK REGIME, 

THE FAILURE OF THE U.S. EMBASSY IN SEOUL TO ENLARGE THE 
SCOPE OF ITS CONTACTS, THE NECESSITY FOR THE U.S. TO 
INTERFERE IN ROK POLITICS. THE TONGA ILBO PRINTED THE 
INTERVIEW IN FULL ON ITS FRONT PAGE. 

2. THE PRESS ALSO REPORTED NOP ACTING SPOKESMAN CHONQ 
CHAE-WON'S STATEMENT 9/19 THAT KIM'S INTERVIEW WAS 
INTENDED TO SUPPORT SENATOR KENNEDY'S CANOlDAfcY FOR THE 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 SEOUL 14313 1309582 

PRESIDENCY "AND THAT IS WHY HE ATTACKED PRESIDENT CARTER |h 
AND CARTER'S KOREA POLICY." ACCORDING TO THE STATEMENT, H 
KIM IS C0(«:ERNED THAT, SINCE THE PARK-CARTER SUMMIT 6/30, -J' 
THERE HAS BEEN AN INCREASE IN POLITICAL AND HUMAN RIGHTS 
OPPRESSION IN THE ROK, AND THE U.S. HAS IMPOSED 
"ARBITRARY" AND "EXCESSIVE" RESTRICTIONS ON KOREAN EXPORTS 
TO THE U.S. KIM REPORTEDLY FEARS THAT PRESENT U.S. POLICY 
WILL LEAD TO ANOTHER DEBACLE IN KOREA SIMILAR TO THOSE IN 
IRAN, CUBA, AND VIETNAM. (IN A TONQA ILBO GOSSIP COLUMN, 

PAGE NO. 



DtPA,-ir -'-iK( or- sta 

( ) D;l;i5E ( ) Dl£C^.^.Soli-■r 
( ) DnHY IN HART 

( ) DELKTE Non -Responsive Ir.rO 

FOIA Exemptions, _~ 

PA ExompUons, 



;r.pa,'cqR 

EO Clxatlons^ 



TS authorily to. 

( ) CLASSIFY us ( ) S or ( } C OADR 

( ) DOWNGRADE JS to ( ) S W I ) C OADR 



SI 



■reXT OF^ TELEGRAM 79SEai)L 014313 



KIM WAS QUOTED AS SAYING HIS COMMENTS ABOUT THE U.S. 
EMBASSY IN SEOUL REFLECTED HIS BELIEF THAT INACCURATE 
REPORTS FILED BY THE U.S. EMBASSIES IN SAIGON AND TEHRAN 
LED TO 'UNFORTUNATE RESULTS' IN THOSE COUNTRIES.) 
SPOKESMAN CHONG'S STATEMENT ALSO CALLED FOR THE PUBLICATION 
OP THE INTERVIEW'S COMPLETE TEXT. HIS COMMENT WAS JUXTA- 
POSED WITH FULL TEXT ON TONGA ILBO FRONT PAGE. 

3 THE PRESS ALSO REPORTED THE RULING DEMOCRATIC 
REPUBLICAN PARTY'S CHARACTERIZATION OF THE KIH INTERVIEW 
AS "FLUNKEY15H" ANO THE DRP'S INTENTION TO MAKE A 
POLITICAL ISSUE OUT OF IT IN THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY SESSION 
.WHICH BEGINS SEPTEMBER 20. GLEYSTEEN 



UNCLASSIFIED 



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O 311917Z DEC 81 
FH AMEMBASS7 HOSOSW 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IHMEDIATK 0423 
fNFO liSICA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0488 
AHEHBASSY WARSAW PRIORITY 
AHEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BEIJIHG PRIORITY 
AHEMBASSY BOHN PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSY BUDAPEST PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BUCHAREST PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY LONDON PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSY PARIS PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSY PRAGUE PRIOEITY- 
AMEMBASSY ROME PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY SOFIA PRIORITX 
AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY TOKYO PRIORITY 
USMISSION USKATO PRIORITY 
USHISSION USBESLIN PRIORITY 
USKHR SHAPE BE PRIORITY 
tISCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE PRIORITY 
AMCONSUL LENINGRAD PRIORITY 
AMCONSUL MUNICH PRIORITY 



EA-10 
SSO-00 
PA-01 
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DEPARTMENT 



=ulA cjiempjigns 

ExiTTDtionS 




DOWNGRADE TS to ( ) s, 



t SECTION 01 OF 03 MOSCOW 17654 

E.O. 12065J GDS 12/29/87 (COURTNEY, WILLIM H) OH-P 
TAGS: PEPR, PL, UR 



PAGE 02 KOSCOW 17654 01 OF 03 311934Z . 

SUBJECTS SOVIET COHMENTARY OH POLAND, DECEKBER 31,' 1981: 
REPORT NO. 58 



yiCUSSIRED 



1. gigPPSUMMARY: THIS EVENING THE SOVIET 
PROPAGANDA MACHINE ROSE TO THE CHALLENGE OF THE 
U.S. DECISION ON SOVIET SANCTIONS. IT UNLEASHED 
A BARRAGE OF CRITICISM OF THE U.S. ACTION, AND IT 
SOUGHT TO MINIMIZE THE ADVERSE OONSEQUENCRS OT 
THE SANCTIONS. A USA INSllTUTE OFFICIAL CHAavBS 



PAGE NO. 



TEXT OF TELESRAH 81HDSCO(ir017654 



THE U.S. WITH SEEKING TO DESTABILIZE THE EUSOPBaN'~ 
fECITBITS' SYSTEH AND TO DISCIPLIHE DISOBEDIEKT ALLIES. 
TASS QUOTES POLISH FOREIGN HINISTES CZ7BEK AS 
CSBBSIVB THAT POLAND WILL NEVES ASSEE XO INTERFERENCE 
IN ITS INTERNAL AFFAIRS. CPSU CENTRAL COHMITTEE 
OFFICIAL ZAH?ATIH, LIKE BREZHNEV IN THE RECENT 
INTERVIEW WITH NBC, EMPHASIZES THAT THE MAJOR FOREIGN 
POLICY CHALLENGES LIE IN THE ARHS CONTROL FIELD. 
THIS IS AN OBVIOUS ATTEHFT TO PERSUADE READERS 
THAT POLAND IS NOT AN ISSUE OF INTERNATIONAL 
CONSEQUENCE. TASS, REPLAYING A POLISH PRESS ITEH, 
ASSERTS THAT U.S. .DIPLOMATS OFTEN VISITED SOLIDARITY 
LEADERS AND THAT AFTERWARD THE BEHAVIOR OF THE 
LEADERS BECAME MORE BRAZEN. NOT UNEXPECTEDLY, TASS' 
ASSESSES THE SANCTIONS AND FINDS THEY ARE OF LITTLE 
CONSEQUENCE OR WILL HURT THE U.S. BORE THAN THE 
USSR. END SUHHARY. 

2. WIPTASS has TAKEN ANOTHER SWIPE AT THE U.S. 

SANCTIONS PUT ON THE USSR ON ACCOUNT OF POLAND. A 
COMMENTARY BY RADOMIR BOGDANOV, DEPUTY DIRECTOR 
OF THE INSTITUTE OF THE USA AND CANADA, BUT 
IDENTIFIED HERE AS A "TASS NEWS ANALYST," CHARGB3 
THAT THE "IMPERIAL WARRIORS" IN THE WHITE HOUSE 




PAGE 03 HOSCOW 17654 01 OF 03 3119342 

ARE TRYING TO "WHIP UP PASSIONS AROUND POLAND" 
AND TO "USE RUDENESS, BLACKMAIL AND VIOLENCE AS A 

SUBSTITUTE FOR THE ART OF FOREIGN POLICY." THE 
ARTICLE, ENTITLED "TEHHORISM," CONTAINS A LONG 
LISTING OF AMERICAN MISDEEDS AND "ACTS OF TERRORISM" 
STARTING WITH HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI, THROUGH IRAN, 
VIETNAM, CHILE, AND CENTRAL AMERICA. IT CHARGES 
THAT POLAND IS "ONLY A PRETEXT FOR FURTHER WHIPPING 
UP INTERNATIONAL TENSIONS" IN ORDER TO 1) DESTABILIZE 
THE EUROPEAN SECURITY SYSTEM; AND 2) DISCIPLINE 
"DISOBEDIENT ALLIES." THE SANCTIONS AGAINST THE 
USSR, ACCORDING TO BOGDANOV, REFLECT THE "MORAL 
EROSION" OF AMERICAN FOREIGN POLJCY RATHER THAN 
"STRENGTH OR CONFIDENCE." WHEREAS PRESIDENT CARTER 
WAS THE HAN WHO "PUT INTO HIGH GEAR THE MACHINE FOR 
DESTROYING AND UNDERMINING DETENTE," NOW IT IS THE 
REAGAN ADMINISTRATION WHICH IS "ACCELERATING THE 
REVOLUTIONS OF THIS MACHINE," IN ACTIONS WHICH 
CONSTITUTE "THE LIMIT OF HYPOCRISY AND ADVENTURISM." 

3. (imicOMMENT: BOGDANOV'S CLEAR THEMES ARE 
THAT THE U.S. IS USING POLAND AS A PRETEXT FOR 
ACTIONS IT WOULD LIKE TO UNDERTAKE IK ANY CASE, 
AND THAT THE STRATEGY BEHIND THESE ACTIONS HAS TO 
DO WITH FEARS OF SLIPPING INFLUENCE WITH THE WE{»";2Ri: 
ALLIES. IT HARDLY MEEDS TC EE STAT^iE THAT BOTH 

PAGE NO. 2 



UlCUSSIFIED 



TEXT OF TELE^AH 81NOSCCnf017654 



THESE ARGUHENTS ARE CALCGLATED 1) TO DISTEACT 
ATTENTION FROM THE HEAL ISSUE OF POLAND; AND 2) TO 
SOW DISCORD AMONG THE NATO ALLIES- THE ACCUSATIONS 
OF PAST AHERICAH ACTIONS IK THE THIRD WORLD ARE 
INTENDED TO APPEAL TO THE WIDER WORLD AUDIENCE AND 
THE EUROPEAN LEFT, AMD A6AIH, TO DISTRACT ATTENTION 
FROH THE CURRENT SITUATION IN POLAND. END COMMENT. 



mmm 



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0 311917Z DEC 81 
FK AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0424 
UTFO USICA WA5HDC IMMEDIATE 0489 
AMEMBASSY WARSAW PSIORITS 
AMEMB&SS! BELGRADE PRIORITZ 
AMEMBASS? BEIJING PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BONN PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BUCHAREST PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSY LONDON PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY PARIS PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY PRAGUE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY ROME PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY SOFIA PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY STOCKHOUI PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY TOKYO PRIORITY -- 
USMISSION USNATO PRIORITY 
USMISSION USBERLIK PRIORITY 
USKMR SHAPE BE PRIORITY 
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AHCONSUL LENINGRAD PRIORITY 
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-055575 311940Z /50 



t^SECTION 02 OF 03 MOSCOW 17654 



IN A DECEMBER 31 DISPATCH FROM WARSAW, 



PAGE 02 



MOSCOW 17654 02 OF 03 311935Z 



TASS ATTACKS PRESIDENT REAGAN'S "DISCRIMINATORY 
MEASURES" ^GAINST POLAND AND THE SOVIET UNION, 
WHICH HAVE "AROUSED STRONG PROTESTS AND INDIGNATION 
IN POLAND." TASS QUOTES POLISH FOREIGN MINISTER 
JOZEP CZ7REK AS SAYING, "SETTING THINGS IK ORDER 
IN OUR OWN HOME IS OUR INTERNAL MATTER. POLAND 
WISHES TO MAINTAIN EQUAL RELATIONS WITH ALL STATES 
AND WILL NEVER AGREE TO INTERFERENCE IN ITS INTE5KAL 
AFFAIRS." - 



PAGE 



s 



TEXT OF TELESaHSL 81HOSCCIW017654 



5. VIVBP BASING ITS OBSERVATIONS ON A STATEHENT 
BY THE POLISH PRESS ftGENCI{PAP), TASS REPORTS 
THAT THE POLISH COUNCIL OF MIITISTEHS MEETINS 
CONVENED TO DISCUSS THE EFFECTS OF HARTiaL LAW IH 
POLAND HAS CONCLUDED THAT "THERE IS A REAL POSSIBILITY 
NOW TO END THE DEEP CRISIS IH THE COUHTHY DUE TO 
THE LIQUIDATION OF ANARCHY IK SOCIO-ECONOMIC 
LIFE." THE RECENT INTRODUCTION OF UNIVERSAL LABOR 
DUTY UNDER MARTIAL LAW IS CITED AS ONE OF THE 
RECENT CHANGES WHICH HAS CREATED THE NECESSARY 
CONDITIONS FOR "ENSURING A GIKJWTH OF OUTPUT AND 
LABOR PRODUCTIVITY." THE RECENT GROWTH IN COAL 
OUTPUT — "ALMOST 600,000 TONS OF COAL WERE HIKED 
ON DECEHBEH 29, THE HIGHEST DAILY PERFORMANCE IN 
dSAL MINING IK RECENT WEEKS" — IS PORTRAYED AS A 
RESULT OF THE CLAHP-DOWN ON THE "PROVOCATIVE 
ACTIONS OF SOLIDARITY RADICALS." 



liussra 



6. IN AN INTERVIEW PRINTED IH THE NEW YEAR'S 

ISSUE OF THE SOVIET WEEKLY 'MOSCOW NEWS,' THE CHIEF 
OF THE CPSB CENTRAL COMMITTEE'S INTERNATIONAL 
INFORMATION DEPARTMENT, LEONID ZAMYATIN, PINPOINTS 
THE THREE KEY QUESTIONS FOR THE NEW YEAR: 1) 



PAGE 03 MOSCOW 17654 02 OF 03 3119352 

KEDIUH-RANGE WEAPONS IN EUROPE; 2) CARRYING ON THE 
SALT PROCESS; AND 3) BREAKING THE DEADLOCK AT THE 
VIENNA MBFR TALKS. ZAMYATIN STRESSES THAT THE 
SOVIET UNION "HAS ALWAYS FAVORED DIALOGUE WITH THE 
USA AT ANY LEVEL," AND THAT IT DESIRES "HONEST AND 
CONSTRUCTIVE NEGOTIATIONS..." HE WARNS, HOWEVER, 
THAT RELATIONS BETWEEN THE SUPERPOWERS MUST BE 
BASED ON "OBSERVANCE OF THE PRINCIPLE OF EQUAL 
SECURITY, EACH OTHER'S LEGITIMATE INTERESTS, AND 
MUTUAL BENEFIT." ON POLAND, ZAMYATIN REPEATS THE 
SOVIET LINE THAT THE PRESIDENT'S CHRISTMAS SPEECH 
VIOLATED "INTERNATIONAL NORMS" AND THE HELSINKI 
FINAL ACT.' 

7. dflik COMMENT: AS BREZHNEV DID IN THE KBC 

INTERVIEW, ZAMYATIN DWELLS OH ARMS CONTROL THEMES 
AND SOVIET INTEREST IN CONSTRUCTIVE RELATIONS 
WITH THE U.S., ON SOVIET TERMS OF COURSE. 
ZAMYATIN'S (AND BREZHNEV'S) PURPOSES ARE: 1) TO 
ATTEMPT TO PERSUADE READERS THAT POLAND IS NOT 
AN ISSUE OF MAJOR INTERNATIONAL CONSEQUENCE; 
2) TO HIGaiLIGHT TO EUROPEANS THAT, DESPITE POLAND, 
EUROPE HAS SUBSTANTIAL INTERESTS IN REACHING 
ACCOMMODATION WITH THE USSR ON HATTERS OF 
IMPORTANCE TO EUROPE AND ITS SECURITY; AND 3) 'TO 
INDICATE THAT IF THE U.S. IC WILIJNC TO OV??RLCOK 



iCLMEO 



PAGE NO. 



TEXT OF TELEGEiaK B1HOSCOW017654 



POLAND, THE USSR IS PREPAHED TO RESPOND POSITIVELY. 
END CXtHHEHT. 

8. flBHP TASS PICKED UP AN ARTICLE NRITTEN BY THE 
POLISH NEWSPAPER 'WIRDOMOSCI SZCZEDIHSKIE' IN WHICH 
REAGAN'S CHRISTMAS 1IESSA6E WAS CHARACTERIZED AS 
A "CLASSICAL EXAHPLE OF THE U.S. POLICY WITH REGARD 
TO OTHER COUNTRIES." ACCUSING HEAOAN OP HAVING 



NNN 



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O 311917Z DEC 81 
F« AHEHBASSY MOSCXW 
TO SECSTfiTE WaSHDC IMMEDIATE 0425 
INFO USICfi WASHDC IMSEDIATE 0490 
AKEMBASSY WARSAW PRIORITy 
AKEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSY BEIJING PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSY BONN PRIOHITZ 
AHEHBASSY BUDAPEST PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSY BUCHAREST PRIORITY 
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AHEHBASSY LONDON PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSY PARIS PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSY PRASUE PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSY ROHE PRIORITY 
AMEKBASSY SOFIA PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSY STOCKHOLM PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSY TOKYO PRIORITY 
USKISSION USNATO PRIORITY 
USHISSIOK USBERLIN PRIORITY 
USHHR SHAPE BE PRIORITY 
USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE PRIORITY 
AMCONSUL LENINGRAD PRIORITY 
AMCONSUL MUNICH PRIORITY 



SECTION 03 OP 03 HOSCOW 17654 



REVEALED HIS TRUE INTENTIONS, THE POLISH ARTICLE 
REPORTS THE POLISH ASSESSMENT OF REAGAN'S ACTION 




PAGE 02 HOSCOW 17654 03 OF 03 311937Z 



AS NEW PROOF OF AM "OLD TRUTH," NAMELY THAT 
"IMPERIALISTS WILL NOT REPEAT NOT GIVE A CENT TO 
ANYONE IF THEY DO NOT REPEAT NOT SEE ANY ADVANTAGE 
FOR THEMSELVES." (REAGAN IS QUOTED AS HAVING SAID 
THAT HE "HAS NO REPEAT NO INTEREST IN POLAND.") 
THE U.S. IS CHARGED WITH AIMING IK RECENT MONTHS 
TO "ESTABLISH COHTHDL OVER POLAND'S SOCIAL AND 
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT" AND WITH SUPPORTING SOLIDASITi 
BECAUSE "IT SUITED THE AIHE iLdD ?'ASKS WESTZCN 

- - PAGE HO." 7 



mmm 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 81HOSCOV017e54 



SUBVERSIVE IDEOLOGICAL CENTERS." IT IS POINTED' 
JPUT THAT U.S. DIPLOMATS "OFTEN MADE VISITS TO 
LEADERS OF SOLIDARITY" AND THAT "AFTER EVERY SUCH 
HEETING THE BEHAVIOR OF TRADE UNION LEADERS BBCAHE 
HOSE BRAZEN AND THEY WERE PUSHING THE COUNTRY 
FURTHER TOWARD AN INTERNAL ARHED CONFLICT." POLES 
ARE EXHORTED TO "RELY ON THEIR OWN RESOURCES AND 
ON THE ASSISTANCE OF TRUE FRIENDS WHO HAVE NOT 
REPEAT NOT LEFT THE POLES IN NEED." 

9. iHMk COHHSHT: THE POLISH OOUSNALIST 
PLAYSTOTOLES' HISTORICAL ASGEH AT BEING ABANDONED 
BY THE WEST DURING WWII BY PORTRAYING THE WEST, AND 
ESPECIALLY THE U.S., AS INTERESTED IN POLAND ONLY 
AS LONG AS THE POLISH ECONOMY WAS ECONOMICALLY 
EXPLOITABLE- .THE IMPLIED ACCUSATION THAT U.S. 
DIPLOMATS EXHORTED SOLIDARITY TO MORE BRAZEN 
ACTIONS REPRESENTS AN ESCALATION IN THE SOVIET 
MEDIA OF ATTEMPTS TO LINK THE USG TO SOLIDARITY. 

10. ^Iplp^TASS OBSERVER IVAN ABLAMOV REPLAYS THEMES 
REMINISCENT OF THE SOVIET STANCE TAKEN DURING THE 
CARTES ADHINISTSATION'S GRAIN EMBARGO: 1) PAST 
EMBARGOS HAVE NOT PREVENTED THE SOVIET UNION FROM 




PAGE 03 KOSCOM 17654 03 OP 03 311937Z 

BECOMING A MILITARY SUPERPOWER OR FROM DEVELOPING 
ITS ECONOMY; AND 2} EMBARGOS HURT U.S. BUSINESSMEN 
AND FARMERS MORE THAN THEY HURT THE SOVIET UNION. 
HE ESTIMATES THAT LOSSES TO U.S. CORPORATIONS AS. A 
ElESULT OF REAGAN'S SANCTIONS WILL BE "AT LEAST 
3.7 BILLION DOLLARS" AND THAT LOSSES TO U.S. FARMERS 
WILL BE ANOTHER "1.5 BILLION DOLLARS A YEAR." HE 
ASSERTS THAT DURING THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION CAMPAIGN 
"REAGAN HIMSELF HAD TO ADMIT THE POINTLESSNESS OF 
UNILATERAL CURTAILING OF TRADE WITH THE USSR." 



wmm 



11- A COHHENTATOR ON THE NIGHTLY TV NEWS PROGRAM 
"VREMYA" STATED THAT THE WEST HAS "PROOF" THAT THE 
_ SOVIET UNION WAS NOT INVOLVED IN THE DECISION TO 

IMPOSE MARTIAL LAW IK POLAND, BUT THAT THE_y-S. HAS " 
"TIHOSEN to IGNORE IT. HE ALSO REJECTED OHE NOTION 
THAT PRESSURE FROM THE U.S. WOULD CHANGE SOVIET 
"FRATERNAL" BEHAVIOR TOWARD ITS ALLY. "VREMYA" 
ANNOUNCER ALSO REPEATED TASS ITEM IN PARA 5 ABOUT 
UNIVERSAL LABOR DUTY AND INCREASED PRODUCTIVITY 
RESULTING FROM THE "LIQUIDATION OF ANARCHY." HE 
NOTED THAT THE U.S. HAD GIVEN ITS ALLIES 24 ffilUBS' 
WARNING BEFORE IMPOSING ECONOMIC SANCTIONS AMD HAD 
MISTAKENLY TAKEN THEIR SILENCE FOR SUPPORT. HE RBPEATED 
THE WARNING (PARA 10) THAT AN EMBARGO WOULD HURT 
THE U.S. MORE THAN THE SOVIST UNtON. EARIMAh 

PAGE NO 



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PE PART Sly-Nr O 

(1 EXCISE ( ) D:;0..^o.-.IFY 

( ) RENT' '-''"^^^ 
( } DELETE Non-ResponBivt Info 

FOIA Exempllons, . 

PA Eicamptlo«w, — - — 



MR Ca^si 0.'.!y; 



„TS>BtHhor;ty to. 

rTcLASSlFY as ( ) 8 01 ( ) 0 OAUR 

( ) DOWNGRADE TS to ( ) S Of ( ) C OWR 



SEOUL 1SS13 01 OF oa 1411312 



INFO OCT-01 ADS-OO PA-Oa CIAE-00 



INR-IO 
■087736 



NSAE-00 /025 W 
141140Z /11 



R 13CX)48Z act 79 
FH AMEMBASSY SEOUL 

TO USICA WASHOC •. ' 

INFO SECSTATE WASHDC 1464 

UfJCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 SEOUL 15B13 

USICA 

USICA WASHOC FDR EA FITZGERALD 
STATE FOR; EA/K AND EA/PA CANNOfI 

E.Q. 12065: N/A 

SUBJECT: HANKUK ILBO ARTICLE ON TREATMENT;. OF ROK 

REPORTERS 

1. THE FOLLOWING IS A TRANSLATION OF AN ARTICLE BY 
HANKUK IL80 CORRESPONDENT CHO SOON HWAN WHICH APPEARED 
ON THE INTERNATIONAL NEWS PAGE OF THE 10/12 HANKUK ILBO 
UNDER THE HEADLINE "AMERICAN OFFICIALS BECOME 'STIFF' 

ON KOREA": 

THREE TO FOUR DAYS HAVE ALREADY PASSED SINCE AMERICAN 
AMBASSADOR TO KOREA WILLIAM GLEYSTEEN WAS CALLED BACK 
BY HIS HOME GOVERNMENT. INFORMATION OFFICIALS AND 
OTHER OFFICIALS OF THE STATE DEPARTMENT IN CHARGE OF 
KOREAN AFFAIRS HAVE INVARIABLY GIVEN "STIFF RESPONSES" 
TO THIS REPORTER'S QUESTIONS ON AMBASSADOR GLEYSTEEN'S 
ACTIVITIES. 

ASKED ABOUT GLEYSTEEN'S ITINERARY, THEY FLATLY REFUSED 
TO ANSWER SAYING ONLY "I DON'T KNOW," OR WOULD AVOID 
GIVING ANY REPLY AT ALL BY BLUNTLY TELLING THE REPORTER 
TO GO ASK NORTHEAST ASIAN BUREA^ SPOKESMAN CANNON. 
UNCLASSIFIED , ' .• 

UNCLASSIFIED' 



PAGE 02 



SEOUL 15513 01 OF 02 141131Z 



AFTER TWO DAYS OF "HIDE AND SEEK GAMES." THIS REPORTER 
FINALLY GOT HOLD OF CANNON OVER THE PHONE, AROUND SIX i 
P.M. OCT. 10. |_ 

HE SAID NICELY THAT HE HAD TRIED TO REACH THIS REPORTER, 
BUT EACH TIME VfHEN HE TELEPHONED THE OFFICE WAS CLOSED. 
BUT ON MATTERS FOR WHICH HE SHOULD CERTAINLY BE NICE AND 
GIVE HIS NICE ANSWERS, HE WAS STIFF -- TO AN UNPRECEDENTED 
DEGREE. 

PAGE NO. 




TEXT OF TELEGRAM TSSEOUL 015513 



HE BEGAN THE TELEPHONE INTERVIEW BY ACKNOWLEDGING THAT 
HE HAD RECEIVED THE REPORTER'S MESSAGE AND SO HE KNEW 
WHAT THE REPORTER WAS UP TO. 

"I DO NOT HAVE THE LIBERTY OF TALKING ABOUT AMBASSADOR 
GLEYSTEEN'S SCHEDULE." 

-- DON'T YOU UNDERSTAND HOW MUCH THE KOREAN GOVERNMENT 
AND PEOPLE ARE CONCERNED ABOUT AMBASSADOR GLEYSTEEN'S 
MOVEMENTS? PLEASE UNDERSTAND THIS CORRESPONDENT'S DUTY 
TO MAKE THEM KNOWN TO KOREA. 

"FOR MY PART AS A PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICER, I APPRECIATE 
THAT YOU HAVE SO MUCH CONCERN AND INTEREST." 

-- HOW MANY CONGRESSMEN HAS HE SEEN SO FAR, AND IS HE 
60ING TO SEE ANY MORE OF THEM? ARE SENATORS INCLUDED IN 
THE CONGIjlESSMEN HE IS EXPECTED TO SEE? ^ ; 

"HE HAS MET WITH A VERY SMALL NUMBER OF CONGRESSMEN BY 
NOW, HE WILL SEE MORE CONGRESSMEN, INCLUDING SENATORS," 

-- IS HE GOING TO MEET WITH SECRETARY VANCE? 

UNCLASSIFIED 
UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 SEOUL 15513 01, OF 02 141131Z 

•no' COMMENT. ■' 

-- WITH ASSISTANT SECRETARY HOLBROOKE? 
"NO COMMENT." 

WHEN WILL HE GO BACK TO HIS POST? 
•NO COMHErfT." 

IN RETURNING TO HIS POST, WILL AMBASS/^DOR GLEYSTEEN 
COME BACK OUIETLV, OR ISSUE A STATEMENT? 

•NO COMMENT." . 

MEANWHILE, AMERICAN NEWSPAPERS HERE BEGAN CARRYIhG THEIR 
EDITORIALS ON KOREA. IN ITS RELATIVELY LENGTHY EDITORIAL 
WHICH APPEARED IN THE OCT. 9TH ISSUE, THE CHRISTIAN 
SCIENCE MONITOR BEGAN AS FOLLOWS: 

•THE U.S. FACES A GROWING DIPLOMATIC DILEMMA IN SOUTH 
KOREA. ON THE ONE HAND, IT SEEKS TO ENHANCE THE MILITARY 
STRENGTH OF A NATION CRUCIAL TO THE DEFENSE OF THE FREE 
WORLD IN EAST ASIA. ON THE OTHER, IT SEEKS TO SPUR THE 
AOVANCEMENT OF POLITICAL AND OTHER HUMAN RIGHTS IN AN 
AUTHORITARIAN COUNTRY. . , " 




m 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM TgSEOUL 015513 




201 



IM THE EM), THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR HADE AN 
UNCLASSIFIED 



PAGE NO. 3 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM TSSEOUL 01S5t3 



A0P112 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 01 SEOUL 15513 02 OF 02 141131Z 

ACTION EA-12 

INFO OCT-01 ADS-00 PA-02 CIAE-00 INR-10 NSAE-00 /025 W 
087738 1411402 /11 

R 130048Z OCT 78 
FH.AMEHBASSY SEOUL 

TO USICA WASHDO , 
INFO SECSTATE WASHOC 1465 

ilNCLAS SECTION 02 OF 02 SEOUL 15513 

IRRESPONSIBLE COMMENT, LINKING THE STATIONING OF 
AMERICAN FORCES IN KOREA WITH TODAY'S POLITICAL SITUATION 
IN KOREA. " .. 

THE BALTIMORE SUN IN ITS OCT. lOTH EDITORIAL ALSO MADE 
SOME IRRESPONSIBLE COMMENTS. IT SAID THAT UNLIKE IRAN, 
SOUTH KOREA'S STRATEGIC IHPORl'ANCE' IS MORE NARROWLY 
MILITARY... AND SOUTH KOREA NEEDS U.S. SUPPORT AUCH 
MOSE THAN THE U.S. DOES. 

SOME REPORTERS COVERING THE STATE DEPARTMENT HAVE 
ANALYZED THE CALLING OF AMSASSADOR 6LEY5TEEN BACK TO 
WASHINGTON, ON THE BASIS OR REALITY. ONE REPORTER WHO 
BELONGS TO ONE OF THE TWO MAJOR AMERICAN NEWS AGENCIES 
SAID. "AMBASSADOR GLEYSTEEN'S RECALL IS NOTHING BUT A 
SYMBOLIC EXPRESSION OF THE U.S. DISPLEASURE. WHAT 
OTHER ACTION DO YOU EXPECT THE STATE DEPARTMENT TO TAKE? 
MAYBE AMBASSADOR GLEYSTEEN IS INTRIGUED BY THE WORLD 
SERIES BASEBALL GAMES?" 

A NEWSPAPER REPORTER WHO CYNICALLY ANALYZED EVEN THE STATE 
VISIT TO KOREA BY PRESIDENT CARTER SAID, "THE RANGE OF 
SOME ACTION THAT MAY BE TAKEN BY THE STATE DEPARTMENT IS 
VERY NARROW. AT PRESENT, THE STATE DEPARTMENT SEEMS TO 
BE DIVIDED INTO THE HARDLINE AND MODERATE THEORIES AS 
It WAS WHEN IT PREPARED ITS OFFICIAL COMMENT ON THE 
UNCLASSIFIED ( 
UNCLASSIFIED, 

PAGE 02 SEOUL 15513 02 OF 02 1411312 

KOREAN COURT INJUNCTION WHICH SUSPENDED NOPiLEADER KIM 
YONG-SAM FROM PERFORMING HIS DUTY." 

WHEN THE KOREAN POLITICAL SITUATION IS DISCUSSED AT THE 
DEPARTMENT'S BRIEFING ROOM. SEVERAL AMERICAN REPORTERS 
GIGGLE. THIS REPORTER IS AROUSED TO FEEL EVEN NATIONALI- 
STIC FURY AT THE SIGHT, BUT YOU CANNOT HELP IT. IT IS 
VEXING TO THIS REPORTER THAT HE, AS A REPORTER OF A 
SOVEREIGN NATION, HAS TO ASK AMERICAN COMMENTS ON THE 

PAGE NO 



liMfl 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 79SEOUL 015513 



KOREAN POLITICAL SITUATION AND TURN IN HIS PIECES BASED 
ON THOSE COMMENTS. DICKSON 



UNCLASSIFIED 



TEXT or TELEGRAM 79SE0UL 017592 



SEOUL 17S93 01 OF 02 230409Z 



P«GE 01 
ACTION SS-30 

INFO OCT-01 ADS-00 SSO-00 INREtOO NSCE-OO DODE-OO 
CIAE-00 NSAE-OO /031 W 

109607 220420Z /e2 

0 1905592 NOV 79 

FM AHEKBASSY SEOUL 

TO SECSTATE WASHOC IMMEDIATE 2434 



SECTION 01 OF 02 SEOUL 17592 



EX0I5 



CORRECTED COPY- (PARA 2.) 

E.O.. 120G5:GOS 11/19/86 (GLEYSTEEN. W.H.) OR-M 
TAGS: PGOV. PINT, KS. US 

SUBJECT: CHARGES OF U.S. COMPLICITY IN PRESIDENT PARK'S 
i DEATH 



M 



ENTIRE TEXT. 



a. BEGIN SUMMARY! SUSPICION OF U.S. COMPLICITY IN THE 
DEATH OF PRESIDENT PARK PERSISTS IN KOREA. ESPECIALLY ON 
THE LEFT AND RIGHT OF THE POLITICAL SPECTRUM. ANO MAY 
COMPLICATE OUR LIVES FOR SOME TIME. APART FROM SPECIFIC 
ALLEGATIONS BY COMMUNIST FABRICATORS. JAPANESE AMD SOME 
U.S. MEDIA HAVE CONTRIBUTED TO THE SENSE OF CONSPIRACY BY 
IMPLYING THAT U.S. CRITICISM OF THE PARK GOVERNMENT WAS 
INTENDED AS A SIGNAL TO WOULD-BE COUP MAKERS AND SAIVORS 
of; THE NATION. CONCEIVABLY KIM CHAE KYUMAY CLAIM HE WAS 
'EWpURAGED BY ME AND MY PREDECESSOR TO STRIKE AGAINST 
PAR^. HE WAS NOT, AS THE MESSAGE BELOW EXPLAINS. END 
SUMMARY . 

3.,- -SUSPICION OF U.S. COMPLICITY IN THE DEATH OF PRESIDENT 
PAeiL-PERSISTS IN KOREA. ESPECIALLY ON THE LEFT AND RIGHT 



PA 



IE 02 



SEOUL 17592 01 OF 02 220409Z 



FUNKS OF THE POLITICAL SCENE ANO MAY COMPLICATE OUR LIVES 
FOk SOME TIME. SOME DISSIDENT ANO CHURCH GROUPS BELIEVE - 
IN 60ME CASES APPROVINGLY - THAT WE WERE PART OF KIM CHAE 
AVU'S CONSPIRACY. AT LEAST TO THE POINT OF HAVING GIVEN 
k SIGNAL. STUDENTS HAVE BEEN REPORTED AS SHARING THIS 
VIEW. AND SOME OF THE LATE PRESIDENT'S CRONIES (E.G.. 
GENERAL MON HYONG TAE. DRP CHAIRMAN OF THE NATIONAL 
ASSEMBLY NATIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEE) WORRY THAT WE WERE 
^IjlEHOW INVOLVED IN HIS KILLING. JAPANESE MEDIA CONTRI- 
I ' PAGE NO. 



WSii 



DEPARTMENT OF STATE 



IS/FPC/CDR— TR-R Date.T /l^/ 



( ) RELEASE ( ) DECLASSIFY 
. •J.JXStSE (^j..B6CLASSIFY 
( ) IN PART 

( ) DELATE Non-Rjjponi;w(! Iiilo 
FOiA Exemptions. 
PA Exemptions. 



MR Cases Only 
EO Cilalions 



T3 aulhoiity to. 

CM-CCASoIPY as (T^of ( I C OAOH 

( ) DOWNGRADE TS to | ) S or ( ) C OADH 



ituSSfi MB 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 79SE{XJt 017592 



BOTEO HE AVI THIS SPECULATION AT EARLY STAGES, AND A 
FEW OOURNALXSTS FOR PRESTIGIOUS AMERICAN PAPERS DID THEIR 
BIT. THE MOST MALICIOUS WERE PYONGYANG, MOSCOW, AND 
BEIOING PROPAGANDISTS. ' 

*. IN THIS ATMOSPHERE I HAVE BEEN VAGUELY ACCUSED OF 
HAVING TOLD INDIVIDUALS OR GROUPS THAT I DOUBTED THE PARK 
GOVERNMENT WOULD LAST FOR MORE THAN ONE MORE YEAR. OB- 
VIOUSLY, I r4EVER ENGAGED IN SUCH SUBVERSION, BUT pUfl 
PUBLIC CRITICISM OF CERTAIN ACTIONS BY PRESIDENT PARK 
MAY WELL HAVE LED SOME KOREANS TO MISOMSTRUE OUR WORDS 
AND ACTIONS TO MEAN THAT WE HAD CONCLUDED THAT HE WAS 
NEARING THE END OF HIS RULE AND THAT WE WOULD NOT BE UN- 
HAPPY TO SEE HIM DEPART THE SCENE. AND FONDNESS FOR CON- 
SPIRCY IS SUFf ICIENTLY GREAT IN SOME KOREAN CIRCLES THAT 
PEOPLE MIGHT INFER THIS, DESPITE THE FACT THAT WE RE- 
PEATEDLY EMPHASIZED OUR CONTINUING COOPERATION WITH THE 
PARK GOVERNMENT AND EXPLAINED OUR POLICY OF KEEPING 
SECURITY AND ECONOMIC ISSUES SEPARATE FROM OUR POLITICAL 
DISAGREEMENTS WITH THE ROKG. 

8. I 00 NOT RULE OUT THE POSSIBILITY THAT AT HIS TRIAL 
KIM CHAE KYU HAY MAKE SOME REFERE NCE TO WHAT HE BELIEVED 
TO BE EVIDENCE OF U.S. DISSATISFACTION WITH PARK, PERHAPS 



PAGE 03 SEOUL 17698 01 OF 02 2204092 

REFERRING TO U.S. AMBASSADORIAL CONVERSATIONS WITH HIM. 



6. : I HAVE CHECKED WITH DICK SNEIDER AND CAN STATE FLATLY 
THAT NEITHER OF US EVER SIGNALLED TO KIM CHAE KYU OR 
ANV 'OTHER KOREAN THAT WE THOUGHT THE PARK GOVERNMENT'S 
; DAYS WERE NUMBERED OR THAT WE WOULD CONDONE PARK'S RE- 
HOyAL FROM OFFICE. MY CONVERSATIONS WITH KIM CHAE KYU 
WERE RECORDEtf ON BOTH SIDES. I WOULD NEVER HAVE BEEN SO 
RECKLESS AS TO TOUCH ON THE TRICKY SUBJECT OF PRESIDENT 
PARK'S PROSPECTIVE TENURE. TAREST 1 CAME TO IT 
WA* IN THE FOLLOWING ANSWER TO A QUESTION KIM POT TO ME 
liNG OUR LAST CONVERSATION ON SEPTEMBER 26. 

BTE NEARING THE CONCLUSION OF THE SESSION, THE DIRECTOR 
ASKED THE AMBASSADOR FOR HIS ANALYSIS OF THE KOREAN 
ifOtpHi AND HIS VIEWS ON FUTURE DOMESTIC POLITICAL DE- 
VELOPMENTS. ON THE FORMER POINT, THE AMBASSADOR STATED 
WAT WHILE HE WAS NOT AN ECONOMIST HE DID BELIEVE THAT 
THE'RE WOULD BE SLOWING IN THE KOREAN ECONOMY OVER THE 
, NEXT SIX TO TWELVE MONTHS. DURING THIS TIME THERE WOULD 
BE JCONTINUING PRESS ON WAGES AND POLITICAL PRESSURES 
^qAUSE OF GRADUAL INFLATION. NEVERTHELESS. HE FELT THE 
t ' PAGE NO. 



812 




TEXT OF TELEGRAM 7aSE0UL 017592 



KOREAN ECONOMY WAS 8ASICLLY SOUND ANO WOULD CONTINUE TO 
.GROW. BUT PROBABLY NOT AT THE SAHE PACE AS IN THE PAST, 
ADDRESSING THE POLITICAL QUESTION. THE AMBASSADOR REPLIED 
THAT IN LOmiNG AT THE SOUTH KOREAN SCENE THERE WERE TWO 
ISSUES WHICH CONCERNED HIM. fHE FIRST WAS THE PROSPECT 
OF GROWING POLITICAL POLARIZATION WHICH COULD SERIOUSLY 
DIVIDE THE NATION AND CREATE POLITICAL INSTABILITY. THE 




iCUSSffi 



\ 



mm 




TEXT OF TELEGRAM TSSEOUL 017592 



PAGE 01 SEOUL 17S92 02 OF 02 I90931Z 

ACTION SS-30 



INFO 0CT-O1 ADS-00 SSO-00 /031 W 



0 190S59Z NOV 79 

FH AMEMBASSY SEOUL 

TO SECSTATE WASHOC IMMEDIATE 243S 



-086190 190932Z /»0 
I 



ECTION 02 OF 03 SEOUL 1TS92 



EXDIS 



CURRENT NATIONAL ASSEMBLY GYRATIONS INVOLVING THE NOP 
ILLUSTRATED THIS TENDENCY. THE SECOND ISSUE WHICH SHOULD 
CONCERN KOREANS WAS THAT CF THE PEACEFUL TRANSITION OF 
POWER. ON THIS POINT THE AMBASSWOOR WAS STILL MOT CON- 
FIDENT THAT THE CURRENT CONSTITUTION OB POLITICAL 
INSTITUTIONS WERE YET ABLE TO ADDRESS THIS ISSUE AND HE 
BELIEVED THAT IT IS A SUBJECT WHICH SHOULD CONCERN ALL 
KOREANS. FINALLY. THE AMBASSADOR ADDED THAT HE DID NOT 
AGREE WITH THOSE WHO TRIED TO COMPARE THE KOREAN SITUATION 
WITH IRANIAN DEVELOPMENTS. KOREA IS MUCH STRONGER 
DOMESTICALLY AND KOREANS HAVE COMMON VALUE INTERESTS. THIS 
WAS NOT TRUE IN IRAN. THEREFORE, HE FELT OPTIMISTIC RE- 
GARDING KOREA'S FUTURE. DIRECTOR KIM REPLIED THAT THE 
AMBASSADOR'S JUDGMENTS WERE VERY ACCURATE. HE ADDED THAT 
DURING ANY TRANSITION PERIOD OR OTHER PERIODS OF DOMESTIC 
CRISIS. LIKE WAR, THE KOREAN PEOPLES' VALUES WILL REMAIN 
CONSTANT. THE MOST IMPORTANT FOUNDATION FOR KOREAN DE- 
VELOPMENT ANO SECURITY IS POLITICAL STABILITY AND THIS 
MUST, BE PROTECTED BY THE GOVERNMENT. UNQUOTE 

7. .',1 OFFERED MY NOT-PARTICULARLY-PRESCIENT COMMENT ON 
THIS EXCHANGE IN THE FOLLOWING EXCERPT FROM MY CABLED 
fJEPp^T OF THE CONVERSATION: 

Who SEEMED UNUSUALLY INTERESTED IN MY VIEWS 



PAC 


E 02 


ON 


THE STATE 



SEOUL 17592 02 OF 02 19093fZ 



T (ALARMED ABOUT THE GOVERNMENT'S ABILITY TO MAINTAIN 
BiSlC CONTROL BUT IS MORE CONCERNED THAN IN THE PAST 
ABOUT THE ACCUMULATION OF GRIEVANCES AGAINST THE PARK 
GOVERNMENT ANO THE RELATIVELY DEPRESSED ECONOMIC CLIMATE 
IN WHICH SUCH GRIEVANCES CAN GROW. CLEARLY HE EXPECTS 
THE. NOP TO SPLIT ANO ASSUMES THAT VARIOUS OPPOSITION 
E^,EttENTS WILL CONTINUE THEIR TACTICS OF CCmFRONTATtON. 
t ' PAGE NO. 




4 



1 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 79SE0UL 017S92 



ALTHOUGH KIM SAID HE AGAEED WITH ME. I AM NOT REALLY SURE 
.THAT HE FAVOtIS GREATER RESTRAINT BY R0K6 SECURITY 
AUTHORITIES. I SUSPECT HE THINKS THE OPPOSITION SHOULD 
EXERCISE RESTRAINT WHILE THE GOVERNMENT TAKES ROUGH 
DETERRENT ACTION AGAINST SELECTIVE TARGETS. UNQUOTE 

8. COMMENT: AS I HAVE STATED IN OTHER CHANNELS, I FEAR 
CONGRESSIONAL HEARINGS ON RECENT KOREAN EVENTS. AND OUR 
PROSPECTIVE POLICIES. MIGHT FOCUS ON THESE ISSUES. SHOULD 
THEY DO SO THEY WOULD ASSIST OUR ENEMIES AT A TIME AND IN 
A WAY THAT WOULD DEEPLY DISTRESS KOREANS AND DAMAGE BASIC 
U.S. NATIONAL INTERESTS. 

9. I WOULD HAVE NO oeJECTION TO THE DEPARTMENT'S SHOWING 
THIS MESSAGE TO APPROPRIATE CONGRESSMEN AND THEIR STAFFS. 

GLEYSTEEN 




NNI^ : 



PAGE NO. 5 



i N 

i 



TEXT OF TELESRAM SOSTATE 272469 



CJfCISf 



DEPARTMENT OF STATE 



PAGE 01 STATE 272469 

ORIGIN EA-12 

INFO OCT-00 ADS-00 ONY-00 /012 R 



( ) ReLEASE 
(T') EXCISE 
( ) DENY 
I ) DELETE NmI' 
FOtA Exemption*. 
PA Eii«miKlom^ 



• DECLASSIFY 
DECLASSIFY 
IN PART 
istve Info 



DRAFTED BY EA/K STAFF: AG 
APPROVED BY EA/K:R G RICH 
EA/EX:K 0 HARRIS 
DESIRED DISTRIBUTION 
EA ONLY 

006656 1219262 /41 

P R 12160Cr-CCT 80 2EX 

FM SECSTiTE.WSHDC 

TO AMEHBASSY SEOUL PRIORITY 

INFO ALL:eAST:aSIAN AND PACIFIC OIPLOHATIC POSTS 
AMEMBASSY POKY MORESBY POUCH 
XMT AHEMtiwbbV PORT MORESBY 
AMEMBASSV SUVA 

STATE 272469 

E.O. 120tiS:--R0S-3, 10/9/00 (HOLBROOKE. RICHARD) 

TAGS: .Gi. OSEP. EAGH, KS. OVIP, EAIR. US, ETRD. SHUH, 

SUBJECT: ' EEKLY STATUS REPORT - KOREA 

WEEKLY SJAT^IS REPORT - KOREA 

0: EA - Mr! mBROOKE 

FROM: eV/k' -~ ROBERT Q. RICH 

1. ' KOREA- IW- THE UNGA: 



jS/FPC|COR '^-^ 0«t8, 
Ff Cases Onlv: ' ' 



MR Cases Only 

£0 Citations 



TS ».\llS^an^ lo, 

( ) CLASSIFY u ( i S «r ( ) C OAOR 

( \ DOWmaUiE TS to ( l S or C ) C OADf) 



4 



NO. 1 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 80STATE 272469 



(RICH) 



2. TH£ FrRST CCOEU (CONF) 



THE FIRSt CQNiS'JESSIONAL DELEGATION TO 00 TO THE ROK SINCE 
CHUN BECAME PRESIDENT AND KIM 0A£ JUNG WAS SENTENCED TO 
OEATH WILL -BE CONGRESSMAN BREAUX (DEM - LOUISIANA). WHOSE 
PRIMARY mrEIHESTS WILL BE RICE AND FISHERIES. THE RICE 
ISSUE ALC>Nt-tr(LL BE TANGLED ENOUGH. BUT AS THE FIRST CON- 




PAGE 03 : - ' " . STATE 272469 

GRESSMAN TG -ARRIVE WE MITICIPATE A FULL COURT PRESS R0K6 
EFFORT TO^GSEIENT THE BREAUX VISIT AS A RETURN TO NORMALITY 
IN US-ROK RELATIONS AND AS EVIDENCE THAT THE KIM DAE JUNG 
TRIAL IS NOT THAT IMPORTANT. BREAUX WILL ARRIVE IN SEOUL 
OCTOBER 27: "THE ONLY OTHER CONGRESSMAN TO GO SINCE THE 
TURMOIL Oh KiD-MAY WAS SOLARZ ON HIS TRIP TO BOTH NORTH AND 
SOUTH KORC.'.-IN JULY. (RICH) 

3. A LOT OF RICE CHAFF (CONF) 



TOO MUCH MMiH IN JULY AND Al^ST LED TO FUNGUS AND OTHER 
BLIGHTS :H-K0REA'S RICE PADDIES. TWO RECENT WEEKS OF WARM 
WEATHER HELPED SOMEWHAT, BUT THE HARVEST WILL BE VERY POOR. 
THE ROKQ ESTIMATES THAT 1.B-1.6 MILLION TONS OF IMPORTED 
RICE WILL BE NEEDED. IT SIGNED AGREEMENTS TO PURCHASE 
APPROXIMATELY 644,000 TONS OF U.S. RICE LAST WEEK AND IS 
SEEKING SOURCES OF SUPPLY FOR APPROXIMATELY ONE MILLION 
TONS MORE. THIS HAS WHETTED THE APPETITES OF U.S.. RICE 
EXPORTERS WHO GENERATED AN ILL-TIMED AND INACCURATE CON- 
GRESSIONAL LETTER TO PRESIDENT CHUN ODD HWAN URGING KOREA 
TO BUY U.S. RICE IMMEDIATELY. THE REAL ISSUES ARE THAT 
KOREA WILL BUY ALL OF THE LONG GRAIN WEST COAST RICE 
(MAINLY CALROSE) AVAILABLE BUT SUPPLIES PROBABLY WILL BE 
WELL SHORT OF A MILLION TONS. KOREANS CLAIM THAT THEY 
DON'T LIKE AND CAN'T SELL IN THEIR MARKETS THE MEDIUM GRAIN 
RICE TYPICALLY AVAILABLE IN LARGER QUANTITIES FROM GULF 

PAGE NO. 



Mmm 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM BOSTATE 272469 



COAST PRODUCERS. THEIR TASTE MAY BE SOMEWHAT INFLUENCED BY 
THE AVAILABILITY OF HEAVILY SUBSIDIZED RICE FROM JAPAN. IN 
THESE CIRCUMSTANCES, YOU WILL HEAR, AQAIN THIS YEAR, MORE 
THAN YOU REALLY WANT TO KNOW ABOUT ilAPANESE RICE SUBSIDIES 
AND KOREAN "OBLIGATIONS' TO BUY U.S. RICE. (RICHMOND) 

4. FORMER PRESIDENT CHOI, IN USA (LOU) 

FORMER KOREAN PRESIDENT CHOI KYU HAH ARRIVES IN NEW YORK 



PAGE 04 STATE. 272469 

CITY OCTOBER '2 AND PROCEEDS TO BOSTtM FOR MEDICAL TREAT- 
MENT. W^'DUNOT HAVE ANY DETAILS. APPROPRIATE PRflTOCOL 
ARRANQEMkNTS have been MADE. WE KNOW OF NO PLANS AT THIS 
TIME BY TH2 ."fJESIDENT TO COME TO WASHINGTON. (RICH) 

5. NORTH KOREAN SUPPLIES TO IRAN 



WUILE THE isrAi-E DEPARTMENT SPOKESMAN WAS REFUSING COMMENT 
ON REPORTS' or NORTH KOREAN SALES OF MILITARY EQUIPMENT TO 
IRAN, TREASURY SECRETARY MILLER WAS CONFIRMING AND ELABORAT- 
ING ON THE REPORTS AT A LUNCHEON HE WAS HOLDING FOR A GROUP 
OF REPORTERS. WE WERE SOON BESIEGED BY PHONE CALLS WANTING 
TO KNOW VHV f^EASURY COULD PROVIDE INFORMATION THAT THE 
STATE DEPT REFUSED TO COMMENT ON. WE SUBSEQUENTLY HAVE BEEN 
OONFIRHfNQ- W;«T MILLER SAID WITHOUT PROVIDING ADDITIONAL 
DETAILS. "M-ST QUESTIONS HAVE CENTERED ON POSSIBLE NORTH 
KOREAN MOTIVES FOR SUPPLYING IRAN. ONE OF THE MORE POPULAR 
PRESS THEORIES IS THAT NORTH KOREA IS ACTING AS A SURROGATE 
FOR THE SbVlEfS, WHO ARE TRYING TO PLAY BOTH SIDES OF THE 
FENCE IN THE- CONFLICT. (RASHUSSEN) 

6. NRC APPROVES EXPORT OF lAJCLEAR REACTORS (UNCL) 



THE NRC BY A VOTE OF 3-1 REJECTED THE PETITION TO REVIEW THE 
WESTINGHCuSTE EXPORT OF REACTORS FOR KOREAN NUCLEAR POWER 
UNITS 7 -ftN-C £. THE FINAL APPROVAL TO PERMIT EXPORT IS 
WELCOME NEWS THAT SHOULD HELP REASSURE THE KOREANS OF OUR 
RELIABILITY AS A NUCLEAR EXPORTER AND REDUCE THE THREAT THAT 
FUTURE NUCLEAR-RELATED CONTRACTS WORTH TENS OF BILLIONS OF 
DOLLARS MIGHT BE LOST TO FOREIGN COMPETITION. WE ARE SEND- 
ING THE EMBASSY COPIES OF THE NRC'S DECISION (RASMUSSEN) 

7. F-16 SWAP OUT ANNOUNCED (UNCL) 



PAGE 05 STATE 272469 



THE AIR FORCE PROCEEDED OCTOBER 8 WITH ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE 

PAGE NO. 



wmm 



mmi 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 80STATE 272469 




857 



PLANNED DEPLOYMENT OF USAF F-16 AIRCRAFT TO KOREA NEXT 
SUMMER AS A SWAP OUT FOR F-4 SQUADRONS. THIS WILL PERMIT 
THE PREPQSITIQNING OF SPARE PARTS. MAINTENANCE FACILITIES 
AND SUPPORT PERSONNEL TO BEGIN. (RICH) 

a. ROK OIL VULNERABILITY (LOU) 

THE IRAQ- IRAN WAR WILL HAVE LITTLE IMMEDIATE EFFECT ON KOREA, 
KOREAN REFINERIES REDUCED THEIR IRANIAN CRUDE PURCHASES IN 
MID-SUMMER TO ABOUT 5 PERCENT OF THEIR DAILY NEEDS. 
HOWEVER. ALMOST ALL OF KOREA'S CRUDE COMES FROM MIDDLE- 
EASTERN SOURCES AND REFINERS WOULD BE VULNERABLE WERE THE 
WAR TO SPREAD. KOREAN REFINERS CLAIM THAT THEY ARE REQUIR- 
ED TO MAINTAIN RESERVES FOR 120 DAYS OF NORMAL CONSUMPTION. 
(RICHMOND) -■ ' 



g. BtROt OF PREY (CONF) 

RECENTLY THE KOREANS DENIED PAN AMERICAN'S APPLICATION TO 
MATCH NEW LOtr f ARES TO AND FROM THE -U.S. AND KOREA ON THE 
GROUNDS THAT PAN AM HAS NO OPERATIONS IN KOREA AND HAS NOT 
FILED ANTU^tEPXINE AGREEMENT. OUR OFFICE OF AVIATION CON- 



f 



_ .'^ (RICHMOND) 
10. VANNING IS BECOMING POPULAR (CONF) 




4 




r 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM SOSTATE 272469 



61 A 




857 



1 



11. TRAVELERS AND ABSENTEES (UNCL) 

WE REMAIN CRITICALLY SHORT OF PLAYERS IN EA/K. B08 RICHHONO 
ARRIVED BACK WEDNESDAY FROM TWO WEEKS IN KOREA, BUT FRED 
ASHLEY IS AWAY AND WE SEND OUR CONOOLENCES OVER THE SAO 
DEATH OF HIS MOTHER-IN-LAW. BILL BREER SHOULD BE BAOK FROM 
ASIA ON 0(;T<>&ER 15. (RICH) 



12. RE PORTING KUDOS (CONF) 




PAGE 07 STATE 272469 



OUR KUDOS THIS WEEK GO TO AN EXCELLENT UPDATE FROM THE 
EMBASSY rSf'ODI 12787) ON THE POLITICAL MOOD IN KHANQJU 
AND THE CHOLLm PROVINCES FOUR AND ONE-HALF MONTHS AFTER 
THE "KWArjGJU.UPRISlNQ." (RICH) MUSKIE 




NNN 



PAGE NO. 5 




Department of State 

ffl- 



ItLEd 



AN: 0790083-0 im 



PAGE 01 
ACTION EA-I2 



SEOUL 02670 2207322 



>2 

1 m m K P I 



INPO OCT-01 
L-03 NSAE-00 
HA-05 TRSE-00 



ISO-00 CIAE-00 OOOE-00 PM- 

NSC-OS pA-oi sp-oa SS-IS 

EB-OB /079 M 

Ii989t| 22a3mz /65 

R 2207m2 FEB 79 

FH ANEmASSr SEOUL 

TO SBCSTATE MSM3C 6k9l 

INFO COMUSKOREA SEOUL KS//SJS 

CHJUSMAS SEOUL KS 

SA CINCUNC KB 



05 H-01 
ICA-U 



INR-I 



'SEOUL 02670 



EO 1 2065 1 {»}S 2/22/85 
TAGS: PINT, SHUM, KS, 



CCLABK, 
US 



WILLIAM) W-P 



SUBJECT t (U> KIM roNQ-SAM'S SPEECH AT YALE AND NTS POLL 

REF: SEOUL 2338 

1. CU> NOP ASSEMBLYMAN KIM YONG-SAM HAS BEEN "IN GOSSIP 
COLUMNS OF PAPERS OVER PAST FEW DAYS ON TWO COUNTS — 
CONTENT OF HIS SPEECH AT YALE FEBRUARY IS AND POLL 
WHICH HIS OFFICE RECENTLY MAILED OUT. (SEE REFTEL) 

2. CU> KIM'S SPEECH AT YALE HAS DRAWN FIRE FROM NOP 
RIVALS, NOTABLY KO HUNG-MUN, WHO SAY THAT KOREANS SHOULD 
NOT MAKE CRITICISMS OF ROK ABROAD THAT THEY ARE NOT PRE- 
PARED TO HAKE AT HOME. ALTHOUGH ONLY EXCERPTS OF KIM'S 
YALE SPEECH AND SU8SE0UENT ANSWERS TO OUESTIONS HAVE 
BEEN PRINTED, KIM IS QUOTED AS SAYING KOREANS WOULD 
FIGHT TO PRESERVE NATIONAL INDEPENDENCE "ONLY UNDER 
SYSTEM IN WHICH THEY FULLY SUPPORT THE GOVERNMENT". 
CHUNGANG ILPO ALSO QUOTES HIM AS SAYING -IF U.S. HAD 
MADE SHAH STEP DOWN TEN YEARS AGO AND HAD ENGAGED IN 
DIALOGUE WITH OPPOSITION, THERE WOULDN'T EXIST A 
IITUATION IN WHICH THE EMBASSY IS BEING STORMED". 



SEOUL 02670 2207322 





PAGE 02 



3. ALTHOUGH KIM'S OFFICE MAILED OUT POLL CONCERNING 




RDKG POLICIES* ROLE OF POLITICAL PARTIES AND "PEACEFUL 
TRANSFER OP POWER- TO 3S00 PEOPLE FEBRUARY 7, NONE HAS 
BEEN DELIVERED. THREE ASSEMBLYMEN IN KIM*S FACTION 
OUEBIEO MINISTER OF COMMUNICATIONS ABOUT N(»l-OELIVEBY 
FEBRUARY 17. ONE OF TmEE, HWANS NAK-CHU, TOLD EM80PF 
FEBRUARY 21 THAT MINISTER HAD 'SEEN EVASIVE, BUT HAD 
PROMISED TO TELL THEM LATER IN HEEK WHETHER OUESTIONAIRES 
WOULD EVENTUALLY BE DELIVERED. HOWEVER, HWANG SAID HE 
HAS IMPRESSION THERE IS NO CHANCE THEY WILL IN FACT BE 
DELIVERED OR THAT PREPAID ENVELOPES CONTAINING ANSWERS 
WOULD BE MAILED BACK TO KIM'S OFFICE IF THEY WERE. 

H. HI COMMENT J KIM MAY HAVE GUESSED THAT HIS POLL 
WOULD NOT BE DELIVERED AND PROBABLY FEELS THAT HIS 
MAIN GOAL -- THAT OF KEEPING HIS NAME BEFORE THE PUBLIC 
AND NPD AS "TRUE" OPPOSITION LEADER (AS OPPOSED TO WHAT 
HE QM.LS "SAKURA" YI CHOL-SUNQ) — HAS BEEN ACHIEVED. 
QOVERNM«<T HAS ALSO GIVEN HIM STICK mTH WHICH HE CAN 
BEAT THEM ON HIS RETURN, WHEN HE WILL DOUBTLESS CLAIM, 
AS HWANG DOES ALREADY, THAT GOVERNMENT REFUSAL TO ' 
DELIVER POLL IS NOTHER BLOW TO LEGITIMATE ACTIVITIES 
OF ASSEMBLYMEN. ON THE OTHER HAND, IMPLICATIONS IN 
YAL8 SPEECH THAT KOREANS WOULD NOT FIGHT FOR COUNTRY 
UNDER PTOSENT GOVERNMENT AND THAT KOREAN SITUATION IS 
ANALOGOUS TO THAT IN IRAN MAY PROVOKE WEATER ROKG 
REACTION THAN HE EXPECTS. 6LEYSTEEN 




Department of State 



mm 



AN: 0790075-0021 



ACTION EA-12 



SEOUL Oat48fi 01 OF 03 1703092 



INPO OCT-01 ISO-00 CIAE-00 DOOE-00 PM-OS H-OI INR-10 
L-03 NSAE-00 PA-01 SP-Oa SS-lS NSCE-00 SSO-00 
ICAe-00 INRE-00 HA-05 NEA-06 AID-OS EB-OB FRB-OS 
TRSe-00 XMB-02 OPIC-03 LA8-0^ CIL-OI 0M8-01 COM-Oa 
/090 W 

077088 1703282 /23 

0 1702522 FEB 79 

FM AMEMBASSY SEOUL 

TO SECSTATE WASHOC IMMEDIATE 6*i20 

IftFO AMEtWASSr TOKYO 

CINCPAC HCJNOLULU HI 

COMUSKOREA SEOUL KS//SJS 

CHJUSMAG SEOUL KS 

SA CINCUNC KS 

'SECTION 01 OF 02 SEOUL 0^^B6 

eo 12065i (MS 2/16/85 CCLARK, WILLIAM) OR-P 
TAGS: SHUM»PINS, KS 

SUBJECT! 4il^90¥EfUWENT AND DISSIDENTS QIRD FOR SPRINB 
t. mi ENTIRE TEXT. 

2. SUMMARY: EACH SPRING FRICTION BETWEEN GOVERNMENT AND 
DISSIDENTS RISES. THIS YEAR DISSIDENTS' DETERMINATION 
SEEMS STRONGER THAN USUAL DUE LARGELY TO THEIR REINFORCE- 
MENT WITH THE RELEASE OF KIM TAE-CHUNQ AND THEIR BELIEF 
THAT THE GOVERNMENT IS MORE VULNERABLE TO ATTACK EVEN, 
FOR FIRST TIME, ON ECONOMIC GROUNDS (INFLATION). GOVERN- 
MENT EOUALLY DETERMINED TO MEET ANY CHALLENGE TO PUBLIC 
ORDER OR ATTEMPT TO FLOUT EXISTING LAM. END SUMMARY. 

3. EACH SPRING FRICTION BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT AND 
DISSIDENTS RISES. THIS YEAR IS FOLLOWING THE USUAL 
PATTERN, AND, SINCE IT IS THE SIXTIETH ANNIVERSARY OF 
THE MARCH 1 INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENT, THE DISSIDENTS' 



PAGE 02 SEOUL 02<486 01 OF 02 1703092 

DETERMINATION TO MAKE A SPECIAL EFFgRT SEEMS HIGHER 



mm 



3 3 

■as 



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o 



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UNCLASSIFIED 



THAN USUAL. 

THE RO<G'S SPRING TIGHTENING IS CLEARLY UNDERWAY. 
THE INDICTMENT OP ASSEHBLVMAN 0 SE-UNG, THE OUESTIO.HING 
OP NOP FLOOR LEADER SONS WON-YONG, THE TEMPORARY DETEN- 
TION OP KIM TAE-CHUN9» ALL HAVE CONVEYED THE MESSAGE 
THAT THE RO<G IS STILL READY TO ENFORCE EM-9 AND THAT 
NO VIOLATOR IS TOO BIG OR TOO WELL CONNECTED TO ESCAPE 
THE GOVERNMENT'S ATTENTION. IN ADDITION* DISSIDENTS 
REPORT A SURGE IN GOVERNMENT SURVEILLANCE IN THE LAST 
WEEK OR TWO. 

5, THE GOVERNMENT'S ACTION HAS NOT OCCURRED IN A VACUUM. 
DISSIDENTS IN THEIR 'TALKS AMONG THEMSELVES* TO OTHER 
KOREANS AND TO FOREIGNERS, INCLUDING CORRESPONDENTS, 
HAVE OUTLINED A VERY AGGRESSIVE PROGRAM OF ACTIVITIES 
THIS YEAR. THEY HAVE TALKED OF BROAD FRONTS, COORDINATED 
NATIONWIDE STUDENT STRIKES. WIDE-SCALE LABOR UNREST. 
FORfER PRESIDENT YUN TOLO EM80FP (AND OTHERS) THAT PAK 
REGIME WAS ON THE DEFENSIVE AND PROMISED THAT DISSIDENTS 
INTENDED TO TAKE FULL ADVANTAGE OF IT. 

6. GIVEN THEIR FRUSTRATIONS IN 1978, THE DISSIDENTS' 
TOUGH TALK MAY STRIKE SOME AS WISHFUL. HOWEVER, SEVERAL 
FA6T0RS HAVE CONTRIBUTED TO THEIR OPTIMISM. THE DIS- 
INTEGRATION OF THE SWH'S GOVERNMENT IN IRAN GAVE THEM 
HEART SINCE MANY CHOSE TO DRAW THE LESSON THAT IT SHOWED 
THAT EVEN THE TOUGHEST DICTATORSHIP COULD CRUMBLE OVER- 
NIGHT. SOME HOPE IT WILL CONVINCE THE U.S. TO ASSIST 
DISSIDENT MOVEMENTS AS AN INSURANCE AGAINST THE UNCER- 
TAINTIES OF TODAY'S WORLD. ON THE OTHER HAND, THE 
GOVERNMENT ALSO HINTS THAT IT TOO DREW LESSON FROM IRAN. 




PAGE 03 SEOUL 02486 01 OF 02 170309Z 

THE GOVERNMENT SAYS IT HAS LEARNED THAT IT IS COSTLY FOR 
THE STATE TO MAKE CONCESSIONS TO DISSIDENTS. 

7. DISSIDENTS FEEL THAT INFLATION GIVES THEM AN ECONOMIC 
ISSUE WHICH WILL BE EXPLOITABLE WITH THE MASSES. DIFFER- 
ENT DISSIDENTS EMPHASIZED DIFFERENT ASPECTS OF INFLATION 
AS A THEME. THOSE AROUND YUN PO-SUN FEEL INFLATION HAS 
MADE PEOPLE QUESTION THE EFFICIENCY OF THE REGIME FOR 
THE FIRST TIME IN YEARS AND HOPE IT WILL CONTRIBUTE TO 
LABOR UNREST DURING WAGE NEGOriATIONS THIS YEAR. THOSE 

~TIC[IISS1F1E0 




CLOSE TO THE SMALL CHRISTIAN SOCIAL THINK TANKS FEEL TH* 
GOVERNMENT UILL PAIL IN ITS ATTEMPTS TO CONTROL INFLATION 
ANO» IN ITS VERY ATTEMPTS TO COOL OFF THE SURGE IN PRICES, 
ABORT THE ECONOMY'S FORWARD THRUST. COMMENT! THE BLEC*- 
TIONS SHOWED THAT INFLATION WAS IMPORTANT TO THE ELEC- 
TORATE, BUT ITS POLITICAL EFFECTS STILL APPEAR MANAGEABLE. 
PUBLIC SEEMS TO WANT GOVERNMENT TO DO SOMETHING ABOUT 
INFLATION AND DOES NOT SEEM TO 8E CALLING FOR REGIME TO 
STEP ASIDE AND LET OTHERS HANDLE PROBLEM. 

8. THE RETURN OF KIM TAE-CHUNG TO THE RANKS ALSO GIVES 
DISSIDENTS THE FEELING THAT THEIR EFFORTS THIS YEAR MIGHT 
BEAR MORE FRUIT THAN THEY HAD LAST YEAR. KIM*S PARTICI- 
PATION WILL MAKE THE DISSIDENTS' STATEMENTS, RALLIES, 
AND PRAYER MEETINGS NEWSWORTHY ONCE MORE, KIM'S LEADER- 
SHIP MAKES THE ESTABLISHMENT OP A BROAD FRONT POSSIBLE. 
THE DISSIDENTS TRIED THIS LAST YEAR BUT WERE ABLE TO DO 
NO MORE THAN SET UP SEVERAL PAPER ORGANIZATIONS IN WHICH 
RHE SAME SET OF HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVISTS TOOK ACTION UNDER 
DIFFERENT NAMES. COMMENT: KIM HAS THE POLITICAL ACUMEN, 
THE CONTACTS, AND THE ORGANIZING SKILLS TO GIVE SOME 
MEASURE OP LIFE TO A FRONT. HOWEVER, GOVERNMENT LIKELY 
TO KEEP KIM ISOLATED FROM GROUPS OUTSIDE OF DISSIDENT 
COMMUNITY BY HEAVY SURVEILLANCE AND 8Y LEANING ON PEOPLE 




PAQE 01 SeoUl. Oa^B6 02 OF 02 I703m2 

ACTION EA-ia 

INFO OCr-01 ISO-0.0 CIAE-OO OODE-00 PM-05 H-OI 'MNR-IO 
L-OJ NSAE-OO PA-OJ SP-oa SS-15 NSCE-OO SSO-00 
ICAE-00 lNRE-00 HA-05 AID-OS £8-08 PRB-03 TRSE-00 
XH8-02 OPrC-03 LA8-0^ SIL-OI 0M8-01 COM-02 NEA-06 
/090 « 

077^^5 i70328Z /23 

0 1702522 FEB 79 

FM AHemAssr seoul 

TO SeCSTATE MSHDC IMMEOlArE SkZt 
INFO MEMBASSY TOKYO 
CINCPAC HONOLULU HI 
COMUSKOREA SEOUL JCS//SJ8 
CHJUSMAQ SEOUL KS 
SA CINCUNC KS 

pgPHMIIHHHHnHli^^^^^^ seoul o2M86 

WHO ACT -AS HIS EMISSARIES. 

9. THEN, T00» DISSIDENTS FEEL THAT KIM'S RELEASE 13 
PROOF THAT THE ROKS IS RESTRAINING ITSELF UNDER FOREIGN 
PRESSURE. DISSIDENTS BELIEVE THE PAK REGIME SORELY WANTS 
A SUMMIT MEETING WITH PRESIDENT CARTER AND WILL THEREFORE 
HANDLE THIS SPRING'S CHALLENGE WITH KID GLOVES. THEY 
SEEM TO FEEL THAT MR. KIM WILL BE ESPECIALLY SAFE. 
HOWEVER, THE GOVERNMENT HAS MADE CLEAR THAT IT WILL 

NOT HESITATE TO TAKE WHATEVER ACTION IS NECESSARY TO 
CONTAIN DISSIDENT ACTIVITY. WE EXPECT THAT THE GOVERN- 
MENT WILL TEND TO RELY ON PREVENTIVE TACTICS AS IT DID 
LAST YEAR, BUT THAT IT WILL GO TO FORMW. PROSECUTION 
MORE OFTEN IF THE DISSIDENTS SHOW ANY SIGNS OF MAKING 
HEADWAY. 

10. DISSIDENTS SEEM TO THINK THEY CAN USE THE SUMMIT AS 
A THEME TO FOCUS THEIR PROTEST ACTIVITIES. THEY COULD 




PAGE 02 SEOUL 02t»8fi 02 OF 02 1703mZ 

PUSH FOR THE CANCELLATION OF THE MEETING AND BENEFIT IF 
IT FELL THROUGH FOR ONE REASON Oft /NOTHER. ON THE OTHER 




HANO» IF IT PROCEEOeO, THEIR DEMANDS WILL AT LEAST HAVE 
CALLED ATTENTION TO THE HUKAN RIGHTS PROBLEM IN KOREA. 
IN CAMPAIGN AGAINST THE SUMMIT, THE DISSIDENTS COULD 
MAKE GOOD USE OF CHURCH AND OTHER GROUPS IN JAPAN AND 
THE U.S, HHICH ARE AMONG THE OISSIOENTS' MOST VALUABLE 
ASSETS. 

11. STUDENTS SEEM TO CONSTITUTE THE MOST IMMEDIATE THREAT 
TO THS SPRfNQ*S TMNOUILITY. THE DISSIDENTS STRIVE TO 
GET THEM TO DEMONSTRATE, AND STUDENTS HAVE, IN THE PAST, 
BEEN RECEPTIVE TO THE DISSIDENTS' CALL. THE GOVERNMENT 
EXPENDS CONSIDERABLE ENERGY IN HEADING OFF STUDENT 
DEMONSTRATIONS AND IN CONTAINING THOSE THAT OCCUR. 
DESPITE THE GOVERNMENT'S EFFORTS, DEMONSTRATIONS OCCUR 
EVERY YEAR. ON THE OTHER HAND, STUDENT DEMONSTRATIONS, 
EVEN ONE OF SIZE SUCH AS OCCURRED IN TAEQU LAST YEAR, 
HAVE NOT CAUSED THE REGIME NOTICEABLE POLITICAL PROBLEMS. 
STILL, WHILE THE POLICE SEEM SKILLED AT RIOT CONTROL, 
THERE IS ALWAYS THE CHANCE OF A SERIOUS INCIDENT, GIVING 
THE STUDENT MOVEMENT A FOCAL POINT AROUND WHICH TO RALLY. 

12. COMMENT! THE SPRING BATTLE LINES ARE DRAWN AGAIN. 
WE EXPECT THE DISSIDENTS TO CHALLENGE THE REGIME WITH 
MORE ELAN AND THE GOVERNMENT TO REACT WITH DETERMINATION. 
WE 00 NOT EXPECT ANY REAL THREAT TO THE PAK GOVERNMENT -- 
THERE WILL BE SPARKS OF FRICTION BUT THE GOVERNMENT 
RETAINS MANY RESOURCES TO DRAW ON IN MAINTAINING 
STABILITY. BUT WE THINK THE ROKG MAY BE HEADED FOR 
ANOTHER PERIOD OF CONSIDERABLE DISCOMFORT — THE DISSI- 
DENTS WILL USE THE MEDIA AND FOREIGN CONNECTIONS TO 
MAGNIFY WHATEVER DEGREE OF CONFRONTATION AND TENSION 



PAGE 03 SEOUL 024B6 02 OF 02 I703m2 

THAT ACTUALLY DEVELOPS. GLEYSTEEN 



TEXT OF TELEQRAH 79STATE 039446 



ADP595 



PAGE 01 STATE 039446 

ORIGIN EAM2 

'info OCT-01 ISO-00 ONV-00 /013 B 

DRAFTED BY EA/K STAFF iJCM 
APPRaVEO BY EA/K - MR. RICH 
DESIRED DISTRIBUTION 
EA ONLY 

069734 1612242 /t4 

P R 152323;? FEB 79 
F« SECSTATE WASHOC 
TO AHEHBASSY SEOUL PRIORITY 

INFD ALL EAST ASIAN AND PACIFIC DIPLOMATIC POSTS 
AMEMBASSY PORT MORESBY POUCH 
XMT AMEMBASSY SEOUL 
AMEMBASSY PORT MORESBY 
AMEMBASSY SUVA 

ttHHPIIPI STATE 039446 

E.O. I206S GOS, 2/16/85 (RICH, ROBERT 0, M.) 

TAGS; PINT. PINS, SHOM. MARR , MASS. KS, KN, TU 

SUBJECT: WEEKLY STATUS REPORT - KOREA 

TO: EA - MR. HOLBROOKE 

FROM: EA/K - ROBERT R. RICH, JR. 

1. THE LIMITS OF DISSENT (C, GOS) 

SEVERAL RECENT ROKG ACTIONS SEEM DESIGNED TO RE-EMPHASIZE 
THAT RESTRICTIONS ON POLITICAL ACTIVITY IN KOREA APPLY 
TO EVERYONE. FIRST. OUTSPOKEN ASSEMBLYMAN 0 SE-UNO WAS 
INDICTED ON FEBRUARY 5 UNDER EM-9 FOR CAMPAIGN REMARKS 
VIEWED AS SLIGHTS TO THE PRESIDENT. THEN NOP ASSEMBLY 



PAGE 02 STATE 039446 

FLOOR LEADER SDN WON-YONG WAS HELD A DAY FOR OLtESTIONING, 
AUEGEOir ABOUT REMARKS HE MADE AT A RECENT WASHINGTON 
PRAVER BREAKFAST. FINALLY. ON FEBRUARY 10, K|M TAE-CHUNG 
WAS QUESTIONED FOR FOUR HOURS ABOUT HIS REMARKS AT A 
PRiTERMEt T ING -CllM-POL I t ICAL ■ RALt Y TWO DAYS EARLIER 
MEANWHUE. IME PROSECUTION HAS ASKED fOR 
3- TO 7 YEAR SENTENCES FOR Et EVEN SIUDENTS WVW PLANNED 
(UNSUCCESSfULlY) 10 OEMONSIRAIE AGAINST THE YU5IH 
CONSIIIUIION lASI OCTOBER. 




DEPARTMENT OF STATE^ 



IS]FPC|COB 



1 ) DECLASSIFY 
(vA oeCLASSIFY 
'r ,N PART 



7 ffELEASE 
^ EXCISE 
( 1 DENY 

, r DELETE Non-Re»pon»'v«J"'<' 
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MR Cases Only: 
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TFXT OF TELEGRAM 79STATE 039446 



PERHAPS IN REACTION TO EVENTS IN IRAN, THE KOREAN 
GOVERNMENT APPEARS TO BE TAKING STEPS AGAIN TO 
DEFINE THE LIMITS ON POLITICAL EXPRESSION IN KOREA, 
(DBM) 

3. TEAM SPIRIT ANNOUNCEMENT DELAYED (C. GOS) 

latiE UNO HAS BEEN AUTHORIZED TO ANNOUNCE PUBLICLY BUT 
TN A LOW-KEY MANNER TEAM SPIRIT 79, AN EXERCISE INV0LVIN8- 
US AND ROK FORCES NUMBERING 46.000 SCHEDULED TO BEGIN 
MARCH t. CINCUNC. EMBASSY SEOUL AND THE ROKG ARE 
CONSIDERING THE BEST TIMING OF THE ANNOUNCEMENT 
HOSIEVER. TO MINIMIZE RISK OF TEAM SPIRIT BEC0M1NG_AN 
ISSUE IN THE BUDDING NORTH/SOUTH DIALOGUE. lDqj~ 

3. HUMAN RIGHTS FAMILIARIZATION TOUR (C, GOS) 

HA'S STEVE COHEN IS PLANNING A 7-10 DAY FAMILIARIZATION 
TRIP TO KOREA THIS SPRING, PROBABLY IN APRIL. WE ARE 
ACTIVELY ENCOURAGING THE TRIP, THOUGH SUGGESTING THAT 
7-10 DAYS IS TOO LONG, AND CONSIDERING ASKING PAUL 
CLEVELAND TO ACCOMPANY COHEN. SUCH A VISIT. ASSUMING 
A BALANCED SCHEDULE CAN BE ARRANGED. COULD CONTRIBUTE . 
SIGNIFICANTLY TO OUR ABILITY TO WORK SMOOTHLY WITH HA 



PAGE 03 STATE 039446 

ON DIFFICULT HUMAN RIGHTS ISSUES. (DB) 

4. TURKISH PARTICIPATION IN IMC LAPSES WITHOUT A 
FIGHT (C. GOS) 



,S. ROK SUBMARINE PURCHASE PROPOSAL SURFACES <S. GOS) 







2 




252 




PAGE NO. 3 




Department of State 



mEGRi 



V 



AN» 0790075-1187 



PAGE 01 
ACTION EA-ia 



SEOUL 02H6k 



INFO OCT-OI ISO-00 CIAE-00 000E>00 PH-05 H-Ol INR-10 
L-03 NSAE-00 NSC-OS PA-02 SP-oa SS-IS ICA-JI 

-i^»i-M — Hft»05 — 



1715312 A3 



-0770«4a 
R 1608362 FEB 79 
f/f AHSMBASSY SEOUL 
TO SECSTATE kASfWC 6tl2 
tNEO OSLO PEKim 
AMEMBASSY TQKY<3 
CINCPAC HONOLULU HI 
COMUSKOREA SEOUL KS//SJS 
CHJUSMAQ SEOUL KS 
SA CINCUNC KB 



f SEOUL o^^6^ 

EO 1206SI N/A 
TAGSi MILL KS» KN 

SUBJECn CU) KOREA/i RESPONSE TO PRESIDENT CARTER* S 
TROOP ItTTHDRAML MORATORTUM 

1. CU) PRESIDENT CARTER'S ANNOUNCEMENT IN HIS FEBRUARY 9 
MEETING WITH VISITING JOURNALISTS THAT FURTHER TROOP WITH- 
DRAWALS FROM THE ROK WOULD BE HELD IN ABEYANCE PENDING 
ASSESSMENT OF A NUMBER OF NORTH ASIAN DEVELOPMENTS DREW 
MODEST COVERAGE IN THE SOUTH KOREAN MEDIA, PAPERS OUOTED 
CARTER AS:.SAYING THAT THE U.S. IS TEMPORARILY SUSPENDING 
FURTHER WITHDRAWAL OF TROOPS, BUT NOTING THE PRESIDENT 
HAS -MADE A BASIC DECISION THAT U.S. TROOPS WOULD BE 
WITHDRAWN". 

2. CU> THE HANKOOK IL80 OF FEBRUARY m QUOTED A "MEDIUM 
LEVEL OFFICIAL- OF THE STATE DEPARTMENT AS SAYING CARTER'S 
STATEMENT WAS AN INDICATION OF HIS INTENTION TO READJUST 
THF TTMr NB AND RATE OF THE PULLOUT PLAN. 




PAGE 02 



SEOUL 02«46M 1703082 





O 

o 

CO 



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"* Tt 
-< •< 



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to tn 



3. <U> THE EDITORIALS AND COMMENTARY ON THE IHITHDRAWAL 



f . . . - - 



MC«ATORIUM WERE PEW IN NUMBER. ON FEBRUARY 12. DONQA 
ILBO PUBLISHED AN EDITORIAL PRAISIN0 PRESIDENT CARTER 
POR STOPPING THE HITHORAHAL AND EXPRESSING THE HOPE THAT 
THE DELAY IN PURTHER VlITHDRAHALS WILL 8E INDEFINITE, 
Sg>tIM-mi_-THg MtSt WST-<£EP,m QSQUNIL TROOPS AT 
■THE PRESENT LEVEL IN KOREA AS A SYMBOL OF ITS DEFENSE 
COMt?ITMENT TO KOREA, UNTIL SUCH TIME AS THE FOUNDATION 
HAS BEEN LAID POR PEACE....- STATING THE MORATORIUM 
L AW . "JUb i iN UONUA iL bO L AbUONbb AUAlNiil 

PUTTING ANY FAITH IN THE IDEA THAT U.S. /PRC NORMALIZA- 
TION OFFERS ANY ASSISTANCE TO PEACE IN KOREA AS YET. 
AND SAID IT APPEARED THAT CARTER'S INTENTION WAS TO 
HALT THE WITHDRAWAL UNTIL SUCH TIME AS THE NORTH KOREANS 
HAVE SHOWN A REM. DESIRE FOR PEACE. 

t«. (U> ON THE OTHER HAND. A SEOUL SINMUN FEATURE, DATE- 
LINED WASHINGTON FEBRUARY l«v OUOTEO DEFENSE SECRETARY 
BROWN AS SAYING -THE TROOP WITHDRAWAL PLAN REMAINS A 
FIRM POLICY- CWITHOUT NOTING WHEN HE MADE THE STATEMENT). 
imS ARTICLE WAS CRITICAL OF U.S. FOREIGN POLICY IN IRAN 
AND IN ASIA AND SAID THAT THE ADMINISTRATION'S STATEMENTS 
THAT SECURITY MUST BE MAINTAINED IN ASIA, JUXTAPOSED 
WITH REMARKS SUCH AS THOSE MADE BY THE SECDEF, LEAD 
-TO A SUSPICION THAT WASHINGTON'S PLEDGES MAY BE NOTHING 
MORE THAN A 'RHETORICAL ORNAMENT'-. 

S. VlllBWE HAVE HEARD LITTLE REFERENCE TO THE PRESI- 
DENT'S REMARKS IN PRIVATE DISCUSSION. GENERAL IMPRESSION 
SEEMS TO BE THAT BASIC DECISION REMAINS UNCHANGES, WHILE 
PAST ADJUSTMENTS AND COMPENSATORY MEASURES APPEAR TO HAVE 
T AKEN EDGE QPFjmgOI ATE ANXIETIES. GLEYSTEEN 



PAGE 03 



SEOUL oa^s^ noaoez 



yNCUSSIFIED 



<SE3SS as TELEGSKK 82KOSCOWOU4B3 ' 



PAGE 01 
ACTION EUH-12 



M0SCX3W 04817 01 OF 02 2115562 



INFO 



OCT-DO 
H-01 
THSE-00 
SP-02 



ADS-QO 
10-15 
PM-09 
SPRS-02 



INH-10 
NEA-06 
PA-Ol 
/094 W 



gs-10 

NSC-01 

SMS-01 



OlC-02 
NSAE-00 

SAL-Ol 



CI&E-OO 

HA-06 

ACDA-12 



iriK-oo 

L-03 
ICAE-00 



P 211551Z APR 82 

FH AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITS 3945 

INFO AMCOHSUL LENINGRAD 

AMEMBftSSS WARSAW 

AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD 

AMEMBASSY KABUL 



-136630 211601Z /43 




( ' J DECLASSIFY 
' ) DECLASSIFY 

PA Exfimptions 




( ) CLASSIFY 



SECTION 01 OF- 02 MOSCOW 04817 

E.O. 12065: RDS-4 4/21/02 (HARTHAN, ARTHUR) OR-M 
TAGS: PEPR, UR, US, AF, PL 

SUBJECT: CANDIDATE POLITBURO MEMBER DEMICHEV ON 
POLANp, AFGHANISTAN, AND START 



( ) DOWNGRADE TS to /,'s%T/>^ 



■uthority to 



RBF: . MOSCOW 41 



571 



1. 



St 



ENTIRE TEXT) , 



2. SUMMARY: DURING AN APRIL 19 MEETING WITH SOVIET 
MINISTER OF CULTURE AND CANDIDATE ' POLITBURO MEMBER PETR . 
DEMICHEV, THE AMBASSADOR EMPHASIZED. THE IMPORTANCE OP . - 
SOVIET ACTIONS ON POLAND AND AFGHANISTAN IN' CREATING ' " 
THE NEGATIVE CLIMATE OF U.S. -SOVIET RELATIONS. DEMICHEV 
RESPONDED BY SAYING WE SHOULD NOT "WASTE TIME AND 
POLEMICS ON THIRD-RATE PROBLEMS" SUCH AS AFGHANISTAN 
AND POLAND TO THE DETRIMENT OF ARMS CONTROL. HE REPEATED 
THE SOVIET LINE THAT MARTIAL LAW HAD SAVED POLAND FROM A 
CIVIL WAR AND THAT STATEMENTS OF SOVIET INTERFERENCE IN 
THAT_£iUaia£iS AFFAIRS WERE ABSURD. HE DEFINED THE 



MOSCOW 04817 01 OF 02 2ai556Z 



PAGE 02 



SOVIET INTEREST IN AFGHANISTAN AS "SOVIET SECUEITX," 
DESCRIBED THE EFFORT THERE AS "COSTLY," AND SAID THAT 
SOVIET TROOPS WOULD BE WITHDRAWN AS SOON AS THERE 'WERE 
GUARANTEES OF BORDER SECURITY FROM PAKISTAN AND IRAN 
THAT HALTED CROSS-BORDER ACTIONS AGAINST THE AFGHAN 
GOVERNMENT. DURING THE CONVERSATION, DEMICHEV SHOWED 
HIMSELF TO BE A SPRIGHTLY CONVERSATIONALIST WHO SEEMED' 
TO ENJOY THE EXCHANGE, BUT HIS STANDARD RESPONSES DID 
NOT SUGGEST HE CARRIED HUGH WEIGHT IN THE POLICY PROCESS. 

PAGE NO. 



TEXX O? CTT.BGERH 82KOSCOWO>)4Sj 7 



END SUHMAEY. . _ . . 

3. IN ADDITION TO THE BRIEF HEMAEKS NOTED EEFTEL OH 
A REAGAN-BREZHKEV SUMMIT AND A DISCUSSION ON CULTURAL 
ISSUES (SEPTEL) , DEMICaiEV USED THE AMBASSADOR ' S COURTESY 
CaiLL AS AM OPP0RTUNIT5f TO EXCHANGE VIEWS OH CURRENT 
INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. THE AKBASS&DOK EMPHASIZED TO 
DEMICHEV THE IMPORTANCE OF SOVIET ACTIONS AND THEIH 
EFFECT ON U.S. PUBLIC OPINION IN THE FORMATION OF U.S. 
FOREIGN POLICY. HE NOTED IN PARTICULAR THAT THERE WAS 

A GENUINE FEELING OF ANGER AND DISILLUSIONMENT IN THE 
U.S. ABOUT SOVIET ACTIONS IN POLAND AND AFGHANISTAN. 
HE SAID THAT THE UNITED STATES HAD NOT CREATED THESE 
PROBLEMS, THE SOVIETS HAD, AND WE NEEDED TO TALK ABOUT 
THESE ISSUES TO SEE IF A WAY COULD BE FOUND TO AHOW 
THE POLES AND THE AFGHANS TO HESOLVE THEIR PROBLEMS 
WITHOUT OUTSIDE IHTEHFEHEHCE. 

4. DEMICHEV RESPONDED THAT THE WEST SHOULD LOOK DEEPLY 
JNTO THE SITUATION IN^^LAKD. IF IT DID SO, IT WOULD 
BE GRATEFUL FOR THE IMPOSITION OF MARTIAL LAW WHICH 
SAVED THE COUNTRY FROM A CIVIL WAR THAT COULD HAVE 
DEVELOPED INTO A EUROPEAN AND WORLDWIDE CONFRONTATION - 
HE ARGUED THAT LABELLING SOVIET PUBLIC STATEMENTS ON 



PAGE 03 . MOSCOW 04817 01 OF 02 211556Z 

i 

THE POLISH SITUATION AS "INTERFERENCE" WAS ABSURD. THE 
SOVIETS, HE AVERRED, DID NOT ENDANGER THE BILATERAL 
RELATIONSHIP OVER DIFFERENCES ON U.S. INVOLVEMENT IN 
VIETNAM, NOR. DID IT CHARGE PRESIDENT HEAGAN WITH 
INTERFERENCE IN MEXICAN AFFAIRS WHEN HE MET WITH LOPEZ ' 
POHTILLO OR ATTACK SECRETARY HAI6 FOR HIS CURRENT ROUND 
OF VISITS TO LONDON AND BUENOS AIRES. HE SAID THAT THE ■ 
WEST WOULD UNDERSTAND THAT IT WAS CONTRARY TO ITS 
INTERESTS TO CUT OFF ECONOMIC AID TO POLAND SINCE 
THIS WOULD ONLY EMBITTER THE POLES. HE NOTED THAT 
HE HAD BEEN IN SCANDINAVIA SHORTLY BEFORE DECEMBER 13 
AND THE ONLY .CONCERN THAT HE HAD HEARD WAS THAT SOVIET 
jagOOPS SHOUlS NOT ENTER POLAND, WHICH OF COURSE, THEY 
NOT. 

5. ON AFGHANISTAN, DEMICHEV SAID THAT IT HAD BEEN 
CLEAR FROM THE BEGINNING THAT THE SOVIET SIDE WOULD 
WITHDRAW ITS TROOPS AS SOON AS GUARANTEES OF BORDER 
SECURITY WITH PAKISTAN AND IRAN WERE IN PLACE TO . 
ENSURE THAT THE CROSS-BORDER OPERATIONS AGAINST THE 
AFGHAN GOVERNMENT FROM THESE COUNTRIES WAS STOPPED. 
THE ISSUE AT STAKE, HE CONTINUED, IS SOVIET SECURITY 
AND THAT IS THE ONLY ISSUE. THERE CAN BE NO QUESTION 
OF ANY OTHER SOVIET INTEREST "iN AFGHANISTAN, A SHALL 
AND POOR COUNTRY WITHOUT RESOURCES. HE ADDED THAT ISE - 
SOVIET EFFORT THERE IS COSTLY AND THE USSR DERIVES NO 

PAGE NO. 



TEKX OF TELBoRAK B2KOSCOH004Q:> 7 



ECONOMIC BENEFIT FROK IT, 

6. NEITHER POLAKD NOR iiFGHANISTAN, HE SAID, SHOULD 
STAND IN THE WAY OF RESOLVING LARGER PROBLEMS SUCH 
AS THAT OF STRATEGIC ARHS LIMITATION. IT WAS FOOLISH 
TO WASTE TIME AND POLEHICS OH THIRD-RATE PROBLEMS SUCH 
AS AFGHANISTAN AND POLAND TO THE DETRIMENT OF TJIE HOST 




PAGE MO. 3 



imFIED 



TBXS Or -rEUEGaMS 82HOSCaW0>)4SjV - 



PAGE 01 
ACTION EUS-12 



MOSCOW 04817 02 OP 02 2115572 



OCT-OO 
H-01 
TRSE-00 
EP-02 



aos-oo 

10-15 
PK-09 
SFRS-02 



lNH-10 
NEA-06 
PA-01 
/094 W 



SS-IC 

KSC-01 

SKS-01 



OIC-02 

NSAE-00 

SAL-01 



CIAE-00 

Ha-06 

aCDA-12 



DODE-00 

L-03 

ICAE-00 



f 2 115512 APR Sf2 
k AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
TO SECSTASE WASHDC ' PRIORITS 3946 
INFO AHCONSUL LEKIMGRAD 
AMEMBASSY WARSAW 
AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD 
AMEMBASSY KABUL 



-136646 211607Z /43 



'SECTION 02 OF 02 MOSCOW 04817 

IMPORTANT PROBLEM OP ARKS CONTROL, DOING SO WOULD 
RESULT IN OUR NOT SOLVING THE MAIN PROBLEM AND ALSO 
FAILING TO DEAL SUCCESSFULLY WITH THE WHOLE RANGE OF 
SMALLER PROBLEMS DIVIDING OUR TWO COUNTRIES. DEMICHEV 
CONTINUED THAT IT WAS UNFORTUNATE THAT PEOPLE IN THE 
U.S. WERE NOW REEXAMINING THE SALT-II AGREEMENT, WHICH 
HAD AMONG OTHER THINGS CALLED FOR LOWER ARMS LEVELS. 
THERE WAS NOT A SINGLE ELEMENT OF THE SALT-II TREATY 
THAT WAS NOT BENEFICIAL TO THE U.S. IT WAS THE 
UNDERSTANDING FROM THE BEGINNING OF THE SALT TALKS, 
HE CLAIMED, THAT THE PROCESS WOULD BE INCREMENTAL. 
THE QUESTIONS OF LOWER LEVELS WOULD BE EXAMINED IN THE 
SALT-III NEGOTIATIONS, AFTER SALT-II HAD BEEN CONCLUDED 
AMD RATIFIED. HOWEVER, THE SOVIET UNION HAS REPEATEDLY 
MADE KNOWN ITS WILLINGNESS TO SIT DOWN AND NEGOTIATE 
ANY ARKS CONTROL PROPOSAL, AS THE U.S. WAS WELL AWARE. 

7. AMBASSADOR HARTMAN REPLIED THAT HE WAS CERTAIN THE 
U.S. WOULD BE IN A POSITION TO BEGIN NEGOTIATIONS ON' 
START AFTER THE PRESIDENT'S VISIT TO EUROPE IN JUNE, 



PAGE 02 



MOSCOW 04817 02 OF 02 211557Z 



WHEN HE WILL HAVE THE CHANCE TO CONSULT WITH OUR ALLIES. 
HE EMPHASIZED, HOWEVER, THAT THE U.S. PRESIDENT MUST 
HAVE THE SUPPORT OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE FOR ALL OF HIS 
FOREIGN POLICY, NOT JUST FOB ONE ELEMENT OF IT LIKE 
ARMS CONTROL. THUS, ISSUES SUCH AS POLAND AND 
AFGHANISTAN WOULD HAVE TO BE COlfSIDERED PARALLEL TO AMD 
IN RELATION WITH ARMS CONTROL. - .. , 



8. 



FOLLOWING THE DISCUSSION OF CULTURAL AND POLITICAL 

PAGE NO. 



mm 



TE5CT OF TELEGHAK a2HOSaoW004-8 '-T 



ISSUES, DISCUSSION TURNED TO A GENEHAL, PHILOSOPHICAL 
gTREATHENT OF. THE PBOBLEKS OF THE SCIENTIFIC-TECaOJOLOGICaL 
REVOLUIION AND ITS IHPACT ON WORLD EVENTS. DEHICHEV 
SHOWED A BRISK INTEREST, £ND AT LEAST SUPERFICIAL 
KNOWLEDGE, OK SUCH VARIED SUBJECTS AS ROBOTICS, AUTOMA- 
TION, THE WORK OP AMERICAN FUTUROLOGISTS, THE PROBLEMS 
DF UNDBH-DEVELOPMEKT, AND THE "IFFICULTIES OF IMMIGRANT 
WORKERS IN WESTERN EUROPii. HE SPOKE WITH PLEASURE 
ABOUT HIS LAST VISIT TO THE U.S. AND IN SOME DETAIL 
ABOUT HIS HBETING WITH ZBIGNIEW BR2EZINSKI AT A DINNER 
HOSTED BY DOBRXNIN. SEVERAL TIHES HE USED BRZEZINSKI'S 
NEOLOGISM "TECHKETRONIC." AND HE SAID HE HAD ANSWERED 
A QUESTION BY BSZEZINSKI OK SOVIET-CHINESE RELATIONS 
BY SAYING THAT ULTIMATELY THE BORDER BETWEEN THEM 
WOULD DISAPPEAR AND THERE WOULD THEN BE NO PROBLEM. 

9. COHMEHT: DEKICHEV APPEARED HEALTHY, ANIMATED, AND 
IN GOOD FORM. HIS REMARKS HERE STANDARD, BUT HE SHOWED 
A SPRIGHTLINESS OF INTELLECT RARE WITHIN THE SOVIET 
fe^EADERSHIP. HE SPOKE THROUGH AN INTERPRETER, BUT HE 
DEMONSTRATED AT LEAST SOKE KNOWLEDGE OF ENGLISH, AT ONE 
POINT USING THE WORD "NOKSEMSE." DEKICHEV SEEMED TO 
EaiJOy THE CONVERSATION, AND PROLONGED IT LONG AFTER IT 
HAD GOTTEN BEYOND THE PURVIEW OF HIS MINISTRY'S 




PAGE 03 MOSCOW 04817 02 OP 02 211557Z 

RESPONSIBILITY. IT IS DIFFICULT TO TELL WHETHER THIS 
BROAD RANGE OF INTERESTS SUGGESTS ADDITIONAL RESPONSI- 
BILITIES WITHIN THE POLITBURO OR WHETHER IT MEANS HE ' 
SIMPLY DOESK'T HAVE ENOUGH TO DO. WE WOULD GUESS THAT 
THE LATTER INTERPRETATION IS CLOSER TO THE TRUTH. 
H2iRTHAN 



OF lELEGRftH 82H0Sa3W000479 



jtDPoie 



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062314 142008Z /43 



H 141621Z JAN 82 

FH AHEMBASSY HOSCOW 

TO SECSTATE WfiSHDC 0750 

INFO AKCONSUL LENINGRAD 

> SECTION 01 OF 02 MOSCOW 00479 

E.O. 12065: GDS 1/14/88 (KCCALL, SHERROB) OH-P 
TAGS: PEPR, SHUM, UR, US 

SUBJECT: SOVIET JOURNALIST PESSIHISTIC ON U.S. -USSR 

■ ■ PROSPECTS .... 



1. 



ENTIRE TEXT. 



2. SUHMARY: WELL-CONNECTED I2VESTIYA COMHEKTATOR 
ALEKSAKDR BOVIN SHOWED HIS BEST PROPAGANDISTIC 
STYLE IN TAKING AN EXTREHELY PESSIMISTIC VIEW OF 
PROSPECTS FOR IMPROVED U.S. -SOVIET RELATIONS DURING 
A RECENT CONVERSATION WITH CODEL GEJDEKSON. HE 

ARGUED THAT THE U.S. STUBBORNLY REFUSES TO RECOGNIZE THAT 
PARITY WITH THE USSR EXISTS, AND 'THAT POLAND ' WAS ' BUT 
ANOTHER EXAMPLE OF THE DOUBLE STANTIARD USED IN 
JUDGING SOVIET ACTIONS. HE REFUSED 10 BE DRAWN INTO 
A SUBSTANTIVE DISCUSSION ON JEWISH EMIGRATION, 
DISCLAIMING ANY INTEREST IN OR KNOWLEDGE OF THE 
SUBJECT. HIS SUBSEQUENT IZVESTIYA COLUMN CONTAINED 
SEVERAL OF THE POINTS HE MADE DURING THE PRIVATE TALKS. 
END SUMMARY. 

3. DURING AN INFORMAL CONVERSATION WITH HEHBERS OF 
CODEL GEJDSNSON AND EHBOFF, IZVESTIYA POLITICAL 



H-01 
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PAGE 02 



MOSCOW 00479 01 OF 02 141625Z 



OBSERVER AND TELEVISION COHMENTATOS ALEKSANDR BOVIN 
SOUGHT TO CONVEY A SENSE OF DEEP PESSIMISM OVER THE 
PROSPECTS FOR THE FUTURE OF U.S. -SOVIET RELATIONS. 
THE U.S. REACTION — "ALMOST HYSTERICAL" — TO MARTIAL 

LAW IN POLAND WAS ONLY THE LATEST IN A SERIES OF STEPS 
BY THIS AND PREVIOUS ADMINISTRATIONS TO DISMANTLE THE. 
GAINS OF DETENTE. IN HIS VIEW, IT WILL NOT BE fiASY, 
AND MAY BE IMPOSSIBLE, TO IMPROVE RELATIONS NOW THAT 
THE "EXTREME RIOiT" CONTROLS U.S. FOREIGN POLICY, EVEN 



i 



PAGP! NO- 



TEXT ,0F TELEGRfiK 82H0SCOViI00O47g 



DOWN TO THE "SECONDARJ ECHELON" OF GOVERNHENT. WHEN 

THE CODEL POINTED OUT THAT THE PRESIDENT'S POLICY SEEMS 
TO ENJOY BIPARTISAN SUPPORT, BOVIN ACCEPTED THE POINT, 
BUT REPLIED THAT WILL MAKE IT ALL THE MORE DIFFICULT 
TO REVERSE THE PRESENT TREND IN RELATIONS. 

4. BRUSHING TSIDE REJOINDERS THAT SOVIET ACTIONS 
(KASSIViS MILITARY EXPENDITURES, POLAND, AFGHANISTAN) 
HAD ONLY NATURALLY PRECIPITATED A RESPONSE, HE SAID 
THE REASONS FOR CURRENT U.S. BEHAVIOR ARE DEEPER. 
THE CUREIENT ADMINISTRATION CAME TO POWER AGAINST THE 
BACKGROUND OF A PSYCHOLOGY THAT YEARNED FOR A HAPPIES 
TIME WHEN THE U.S. WENT UNCHALLENGED IN THE WORLD. 
MOW THAT THE USSR HAS CAUGHT UP AND APPROXIMATE 
PARITY EXISTS, THE U.S. REFUSES TO ACCEPT THIS STATE 
OF AFFAIRS. .PARITY IS .SEEN AS INFERIORITY. BEFORE 
RELATIONS CAN BE IMPROVED, AMERICANS MUST LEARN TO 
TAKE THE USSR'S INTERESTS INTO ACCOUNT. ALSO, THE 
U.S. MUST STOP LOOKING FOR MOSCOW'S HAND BEHIND ALL 
EVENTS IN THE WORLD (POLAND, GUATEMALA, NICARAGUA, 
ANGOLA) . THE U.S. SETS TWO DIFFERENT STANDARDS BY ' 
WHICH TO JUDGE AHERICAN AND SOVIET BEHAVIOR. THIS 
IS INTOLERABLE. SOVIETS ARE UNHAPPY WITH U.S. POLICY 
IN THE MIDDLE EAST, SOUTH AFRICA, LATIN AMERICA, BUT 



PAGE 03 MOSCOW 00479 01 OF 02 141625Z - 

DO NOT RESORT TO EXTREME MEASURES SUCH AS SANCTIONS. 
CURRENT U.S. POLICY IS . TOO' IDEOLOGICAL AND INFLEXIBLE '■ .' 
TO BE EFFECTIVE IN DEALING WITH A POWER LIKE THE SOVIET • 
UNION. MOSCOW, HE SAID, -WILL NEVER GIVE IN TO PSESSUKE, 
AND IN FACT, ATTEMPTS TO USE PRESSURE ONLY STIFFEN 
SOVIET RESOLVE. 

ON POLAND, HE PROFESSED NOT TO UNDERSTAND U.S. MOTIVES. 
IF THE U.S. WERE TO BE CONSISTENT IN INVOKING SANCTIONS 
BECAUSE OF MARTIAL LAW, THEN WHY DOES IT SUPPORT THE 
CHILEAN AND SOUTH AFRICAN REGIMES. HE SAID HE COULD 
ONLY CONCLUDE THAT THERE IS A DIFFERENT PRINCIPLE THAN 
CONCERN OVER HUMAN RIGHTS AT WORK IN SHAPING U.S. 
FOREIGN POLICY. 

5. HE FLATLY REFUSED TO BE DRAWN INTO A SUBSTANTIVE 
CONVERSATION ON THE ISSUE OF JEWISH EMIGRATION. IT WAS 
HOT HIS AREA AND HE KNEW NOTHING ABOUT THE MATTER, HE 
CLAIMED. "I MYSELF SAY THAT WHOEVER WANTS TO GO SHOULD 
GO. BUT WE HAVE A DEMOCRATIC SYSTEM HERE AND I AM IN 
THE MINORITY.". WHEN SHCHAHANSKI WAS BROUGHT UP, HE 
ASKED WHERE HE WAS ("IN THE WEST?") AND DISCLAIMED ANY 
KNOWLEDGE OF THE CASE. EMIGRATION POLICY, HE MAINTAINED, 
WAS AN INTERNAL SOVIET MATTER, ALTHOUGH HE ADMITTED THAT' 
SOME IN THE WEST SAW A LINK. HOWEVER, HE SAID, INCHEASED 
EMIGRATION DOES NOT LEAD TO IMPROVED U.S. -SOVIET 

PAGE NO 




TEST O? TELBOaRK 82HOSC30WOO0479 



RELATIONS. IT IS THE OTHER WAY AROUND, CITING THE 

EXPERIENCE OF THE MID '70' S. 

6. MANY OF THESE SAME THEMES CAME THROUGH IN BOVIN'S 
SUBSEQUENT JANUARY 9 IZVESTIYA ARTICLE, "FARCE INSTEAD 
OF POLICY," WHICH HE HAD TOLD THE CODEL WAS 




PAGE NO. 3 



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icussre 



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FH AMEHBASSY HOSOOW 

TO SECSTftTE WA'SHDC 0751 

INFO AMCONSUL LENINGRAD 



SS-10 CIAE-OO DODE-00 
L-03 THSE-OO PH-09 
SP-02 SPRS-02 /0S3 W 
062317 14200SZ /43 



H-01 
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rSECTIOK 02 OF 02 MOSCOW 00479 

"UNCHARACTESISTICALLy KASTY," BUT WHICH REFLECTED HIS 
PESSIMISM. (A THIRD, SOURCE TOLD US BOVIN SAID HE 
WAS "FORCED" TO WRITE THE ARTICLE.) MUCH OF THE 
ARTICLE WAS DEVOTED TO A POINTED, IF STANDARD, 
REBUKE OP THE U.S. FOR INTERFERING IN POLAND'S 
INTERNAL AFFAIRS, BUT IT ALSO WAS ROUNDLY CRITICAL 
OF U.S. POLICY IN general" AND HUHAH RIGHTS IN 
PARTICULAR. 

MAIN POINTS OF THE ARTICLE FOLLOW: 

— THE U.S. IS BEHAVING AS THOUGH POLAND WERE THE ONLY 
INTERNATIONAL ISSUE OF IMPORTANCE. 

— ONE COULD PERHAPS UNDERSTAND, IF NOT AGREE WITH, U.S. 
CONCERNS ■ OVER IRAN OR SALVADOR, WHERE THE U.S. WAS 
ACCUSTOMED TO ITS DOMINANCE, BUT THE U.S. HAS NO COMMON 
BORDER WITH POLAND AND "THERE ARE NOT AND HAVE NOT ' 
BEEN ANY KIND OF AMERICAN INTERESTS" IN THAT COUNTRY. 

— U.S. HUMAN RIGHTS POLICY, "UNFORTUNATELY," IS "A 
CYNICAL AND DISHONEST FARCE." IF THE U.S. WERE TRULY 
CONCERNED ABOUT HUMAN RIGHTS, WHY ARE SANCTIONS NOT 
PROPOSED AGAINST CHILE, SOUTH AFRICA, AND THE LIKE. 
IN FACT, "IF THE AMERICANS WERE HONEST," THEY WOULD 
REVEAL THAT_THEY SIMPLY WERE OPPOSED TO A SOCIALIST 



PAGE 02 



MOSCOW 00479 02 OF 02 141626Z 



POLAND. INSTEAD, THE U.S. IS USING "DEMAGOGIC 
ANNOUNCEMENTS" ABOUT POLAND'S AFFAIRS THAT ARE INTENDED 
TO DISTRACT ATTENTION FROM THE U.S. 'S OWN INTERFERENCE 
IN CENTRAL AMERICA, SOUTH AFRICA, AND THE MIDDLE EAST 
IN ITS "WAR FOR RESOURCES." 

— THE U.S. HAS BEEN ONLY PARTLY SUCCESSFUL IN GETTING 
EUROPEAN BACKING ON POLAND. WESTERN EUROPE REALIZES 
THAT SANCTIONS AND THREATS ARE NOT A POLICY AND THEY 




PAGE NO. 



TEKT OF TELESEflH 82HOSCC5W000479 



WILL HAVE NO IKPACT ON POLAND OE THE USSR. 

7. THE ARTICLE CLOSES WITH LENGTHY QUOTES FHOH 
TWO RECENT ARTICLES BY GEORGE KENN&N WHICH TAKE 
U.S. POLICY TOWARDS THE USSR TO TASK AS BEING 
SUBJECTIVE, INCORRECT, AND EVEN DANGEROUS IN "PERVERTING 
THE CHARACTER AND POSITION OP ANOTHER GREAT PEOPLE." 
HARTHAN 




ymsiFiED 



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-172143 0615582 /52 



P 061539Z JAN 82 
FH AHEHBASS: HOSCOV 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY. 
INFO USICA WASHDC 0516 
AHEHBASSy BELGRADE 
AHEHBASSY BERLIN 
AHEHBASSY BONN 
AHEHBASSY BRUSSELS 
AHEHBASSY BUCHAREST 
AHEHBASSY BUDAPEST 
AHEHBASSY LONDON 
AHEHBASSY PARIS 
AHEHBASSY PRAGUE 
AHEHBASSY ROHE 
AHEHBASSY SOFIA ■ 
DSHISSION USNATC 



0508 



DE^RTMENT OF STATS 



f^) RELEASE ( ) DECLASSIFY 
{ ) EXCISE ( ) DECLASSIFY 
C ) DENY ,N PART 
{ I OEUCTE Non-Rasponsive info 
FOIA Exemptlorw 
PA Exemption* . . . 



JSfFPCjCDR 



MR Cn« Only: 
EO Citations 



TS aulhority to. 



( ) CLASSIFY,, ( ,sor( JO 

( ) DOWNGRADE TS to ( ) S or ( ) C 



[SECTION 01 OF 02 HOSCOW 00139 
BRUSSELS ALSO FOR USBC 
E.O." 12065s H/A 

TAGS: EASR, PEPS, PROP, UR, US, PL 

SUBJECT! SOVIET WEEKLY BLASTS US FOOD RID POLICY 
AND "INTEEIFERENCE" IN POLAND'S AFFAIRS - 
BEPORT NO. 65 

1. SUMMaRY: "FOOD AND BLACKHAIL" ALLEGES SYSTEMATIC 



PAGE 02 



MOSCOW 00139 01 OF 02 061546Z 



U.S. USE OF FOOD ASSISTANCE AS A WEAPON IN THE INTER- 
FEiqiNCE OF OTHER COUNlStlES, ESPECIALLY POLAND. THIS 
REVIEW IN EKONOHICHESKaYA GAZETA JANUARY 6 ARGUES 
THAT "WHEN COUMTERREVOLtlTION TOOK CHARGE IN AUGUST 
1980," THE U.S. RUSHED TO ASSERT ITS FRIENDSHIP WITH 
.THE POLIS,H PEOPLE, EXTEND CREDITS, SELL GRAIN AND 
'other COHMODITIES AND CALL FOR NON- INTERFERENCE' IN 
THE INTERNAL AtFAIHS OF THAT COUNTRY/ BUT WHEN 
"THE LEGAL GOVERNMENT OF POLAND TOOK THE DECISION 



iWFiEfl 



PASS -JO. 



TEJJT OF TBLEGRAH 82SIOSCOW000139 



TO CHECK COUNTERREVOLUTION," THE U.S. CUT FOOD SALES 

AND SUSPENDEE^P^^fOUSLY COKCLUDED ECONOHIC AGREE- 
MENTS. IN ADDITION TO GROSSLY DISTORTING THE 
CHARACTER OF U.S. SANCTIONS AGAINST POLAND, THIS 
ARTICLE FALSIFIES THE ENTIRE POST-WAR HISTORY OF 
U.S. FOOD AND ECONOMIC ASSISTAKCE TO OTHER 
COUNTRIES. RLSO MISSIKG, IS AMY STATE- 
KENT CONCERNING SOVIET POSTWAR FOOD AID TO POLAND 
OR ANY OTHER COUNTRY. END SUMHABY. 

2. EK6N0KICHESKAYA GAZETA JANUARY 6 (NO. 2) CARRIES 
A LONG REVIEW OF U.S. FOOD POLICY ENTITLED "FOOD 
AND BLACKMAIL" BY V. POLYAKOV. AFTER DISCUSSING 
VARIOUS FORMS OF U.S. "INTERFERENCE", THE ARTICLE 
OBSERVES THAT "THE IMPERIALISTS OF THE USA USE ALL 
FORMS OF PRESSURE OK SOVEREIGN GOVERNMENTS, 
INCLUDING ECONOMIC BLOCKADE, SANCTIONS AMD EMBAHGOES. 
ATTEMPTING TO ASSERT ITS SUPREMACY OVER ONE OR 
ANOTHER COUNTRY, THE U.S. HAS USED FOOD AS A WEAPON 
.OF BLACKMAIL AND PRESSURE." TO SUBSTANTIATE HIS 
CLAIM, POLYAKOV GROSSLY DISTORTS U.S. FOOD POLICY 
SINCE WWII, REFERRING IN DETAIL TO ALLEGED BLOCKADES, 
SANCTIONS AND OTHER FORMS OF INTERFERENCE IN 
GUATEMALA (1951) , CUBA (1959) , .CHI^E (1970) , 




^AGE 03 MOSCOW 00139 01 OF 02 061546Z 

fSAN (1978-79).,. JmJdCARAGUA (1979). (NOTE: HE 
OMITS, THE 1980' GEAW EMBARGO AND OLYMPIC BOYCOTT 
• FROM HIS REVIEW.) 

• 3. POLYAKOV ATTACKS U.S. FOOD POLICY TOWARD POLAND, 
WHICH HE CALLS "UNPARALLELED DUPLICITY AND HYPROCISY." 
"IN AUGUST 1980 WHEN COUNTERREVOLUTION TOOK CHARGE" 
IN POLAND, THE U.S. ADMINISTRATION SUDDENLY BECAME 
ENAMORED OF THE POLISH PEOPLE, CALLED ON ITS 
ALLIES TO EXTEND CREDITS TO POLAND, TO SELL GRAIN 
AND NEEDED COMMODITIES, AND CALLED FOR NON INTER-' 
PERENCE IN THE INTERNAL AFFAIRS OF POLAND." BUT 
THE "NORMALIZATION" OF THE SITUATION IN POLAND 
(I.E., THE DECLARATION OF MARTIAL LAW) "DID NOT 
FIT INTO THE PLANS OF THE AMERICAN ADMINISTRATION." 
SANCTIONS RESULTED WHICH THE POLISH PRESS HAS 
LABELED PROVOCATORY ACTS AND GROSS INTERFERENCE 
IN THE INTERNAL AFFAIRS OF A SOVEREIGN COUNTRY. 
IN SO DOING, CONTINUES POLYAKOV, "THE PRESIDENT 
FORGOT THAT OTHER SOVEREIGN GOVERNMENTS EXIST IN 
THE WORLD BESIDES THE USA, THAT THESE HAVE THE 
RIGHT TO DECIDE THEIR OWN FATE, (AND ALSO) THAT 
RESPECT OF THIS SOVEREIGNTY IS AH ELEMENTARY 
OBLIGATION dF EVERY POLICY, ESPECIALLY OF THE 
LE2U)ER OF A GOVERNMENT, WHICH MAKES STATEMENTS 
ABOUT FRIENDLY I?ELATIONS TOWARD POLAND." 

PkOZ 



iiiUED 



■ 2 



TESCE.OF TELESfiAK Q2HOSCOW000139 



4. COMMENT: PREDICTABLY, THE AUTHOR GROSSLY DISTOHTS 
THE CHARACTER OF U.S. FOOD AID AND SALES POLICY SINCE 
WWII AND OMITS ANY CONTRAST WITH SOVIET POLICX, 
EVEN WITH RESPECT TO POLAND, THE ONE CASE EN WHICH 
THE SOVIETS COULD CLAIM THAT THEY HAVE BEEN "GENEROUS. 
THE FAILURE TO BRAG ABOUT AID TO POLAND PROE'lLY 
REFLECTS THE UNPOPULARITY OF THAT AIDf HEFEHEHCES 



NNN 



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■ P 0615392 JAN 82 
FM AMEHBASSY MOSCOW 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 0509 
INFO USICA WASHDC 0517 
AHBHBASS? BELGRADE 
AHEHBASSY BERLIN 
AHEHBASSY BONN 
AHEHBASSY BRUSSELS 
AHEHBASSY BUCHAREST 
AMEHBASSY BUDAPEST 
AHEHBASSY LONDON 
AMEHBASSY PARIS 
AHEHBASSY PRAGUE - 
AHEHBASSY ROME 
AMEHBASSY SOFIA 
USHISSION USNATO 



-172142 0615582 /52 



SECTION 02 OF 02 MOSCOW 00139 . 
BRUSSELS ALS6 FOR USEC 

TO IT HAVE FREQUENTLY BEEN EXCISED BY SOVIET CENSORS 
FROH POLISH STATEMENTS OH THE SUBJECT. END COHHENT. 



5. DEPT. PASS WARSAW AS DESIRED. HARTKAN 



NNN 

iCUSSIFIED 



PtiC-E NO. 4 



07 ISLSGSKH 82HOSCOVr000003. 



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-073672 021231Z /14 



O 021154Z JAN 82 ZFF-4 
FM AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMHEDIATE 0431 
INFO USICA WASHDC IHHEDIATE 0496 
AKEMBASSy WARSAW PRIORITY 
AHEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
AHEMBASSY BEIJING PRIORITY . 
AKEMBASSY _ BONN PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSY BUCHAREST PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN PRIORITY 
ilMEMBASSY LONDON PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSY PARIS PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSY PRAGUE PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSY ROME PRIORITY 
AHEMBRSSY SOFIA PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY TOKYO PRIORITY 
.USMISSIOH USNATO PRIORITY 
USHISSION USBERLIN PRIOSITY 
.USNMR SHAPE BE PRIORITY 
USCINCEUH VAIHINGEK GE PRIORITY 
AMCONSUL LENINGRAD PRIORITY. 
AMCONSUL MUNICH PRIORITY. 



DEPARTMENT OF g iW 

(■'i DECUSSIFY 



fO^ELEASE 
( ) EXCISE 

PA Exemptfons 



{ ) DECUSSIFY 



Info 



Cases Oniu- ~" — * — ' ' 



MR Cases Only 
HO Citations 



) CLASSIFY as ""T^rr ^ »'J"io>ity to. 
( ) DOWNGRADE TS 10 ( ') s " ^ '° 



Of I } C 



SECTION 01 OF 03 MOSCOW 00Q03 

E.O. 12065: GDS 01/02/88 (COURTNEY, WILLIAM H) OR-P 

TAGS: PEPR^' ?L. UR 



PAGE 02 



MOSCOW 00003 0I~0F 03 C21213Z 



SUBJECT: SOVIET COMMENTARY ON POLAND, JANUARY., 2, 1982: 
REPORiyiO. 60 " - - - 

REF: MOSCOW 00001 



1. , SUMMARY: .SOVIET COVBRASE.OF EVENTS IN 

POLAN^WUARY 2 'IS LIMITED TO' A REPORT OF A VISIT' 
TO THE POLISH ARMY, WHERE POLISH SOLDIERS ARE JOINING 
THE PARTY AND FULFILLING THEIS CUTISS. SOVIET 



mm 



PAGE KO- 



TBXT or TSLEGSAM 82HOSC»WOq0003 



COHMENTfiRY ON THE U.S. SANCTIONS CONTINUES TO 
^PORTHAY THEH^S A FAItURE OF AMERICAN POLICY, 
•HIGHLIGHTING THE ALLEGED HARM THEY WILL BRING TO 
THE AMERICAN ECONOMY AND THE NATO ALLIANCE. 
ALEKSANDR BOVIN, IN AN IZVESTIYA COMHENTARY, WONDERS 
WHEN THE U.S. WILL LEARN THAT ITS POLICIES ARE AS 
DANGEROUS TO ITSET " AS TO OTHERS, AND RECOMMITS 
THE USSR TO A "CONaTRUCTIVE" POLICY IN 1982. 
IRONICALLY, BY STRESSING THE ECONOMIC DAMAGE THE 
SANCTIONS WILL SUPPOSEDLY CAUSE IN AMERICA, SOVIET 
PROPAGANDISTS HAY HEIGHTEN THEIR OWN CITIZENS' 
PERCEPTIONS OF THE HARSHNESS OF THESE SANCTIONS. 
END SUMMARY. 

2. PRAVDA JANUARY 2 CONTAINS A REPORT FROM 

OLEG LOSOTO IN WARSAW ON A VISIT TO POLISH TROOPS 
DURING THE HOLIDAYS. BESIDES RECEIVING HOLIDAY 
GREETINGS AND BEST WISHES FROM POLISH CIVILIANS, 
THE TRPOPS ARE FULL OF CONFIDENCE AND A SENSE OF 
RESPONSIBILITY. THE NUMBER OF OFFICERS WHO HAVE 
BEEN ACCEPTED INTO THE PZPR HAS INCREASED. ONE 
OFFICER, ASKED WHY HE JOINED THE PARTY, SAYS He' 
WANTED TO BELONG TO "THOSE WHO HAVE FOUGHT AND 
ARE FIGHTING, -FOS THE INTERESTS OF THE POLISH 




PAGE 03 HOSCOVf 00003 01 OP 03 02i2X3Z 

PEOPLE." IN SHORT, THE POLISH ARMY IS IN GOOD 
CONDITION, IT "FIRMLY SERVES THE INTERESTS, OF THE 
PEOPLE AND SOCIALISM, AND "CARRIES OUT ITS DUTY TO 
THE END." 

3. -czvestiya comhentator aleksandr bovin 
takes a new year's lock forward amd back on the pages 
op izvestiya january 1. saying 1981 was a disturbing 
Sear, largely because|pf u.s. policy, and that i982 
is not likely to be less so, unless washington 
understands that its behavior toward the soviet union 
and other countries is fraught with danger. in an 

^TICLE more; REFLECTIVE AND LESS "ANALYTICAL" THAN 
■ARBA:K)V'S''PRAVDA piece (REF a), BOVIN PUTS ALL THE 
BLAME ON THE U.S. FOR CURRENT TENSIONS OVER POLAND, 
AND PLEDGES THAT THE USSR WILL OPPOSE THE "OPPONENTS 
OF DETENTE" WITH "CLEAR AND CONSTRUCTIVE POSITIONS" 
ON THE WHOLE SPECTRUM OF WORLD ISSUES. 

4. BOVIN MAKES THE NOW STANDARD POINT THAT 
U.S. FOREIGN POLICY BEGAN TO CHANGE DURING THE 
CARTER ADMINISTRATION, ALLEGEDLY BECAUSE OF A 
TRUMPED-Uii SOVIET THREAT, BUT REALLY, ACCORDING TO, 
BOVIN, OH iccaDUNT OF "POLITICAL' F&ILUEiES AND sbciM. 
CHANGES" WHICH CAUSED THE ".HOST RIGHT WING, 
CONSERVATIVE" SEGMENT OF THE ^HcWICAH 3ULIN3 CLAfS 



iOLASSIFIED 



iCLilSSIFlEO 

PAGE i\C. 2 



OF TELEGRJiM 82SOSCOW000003 



TO REACT. ALTHOUGH, BOVIN SAYS, THE "LOGICAL" COURSE 
WOULD HAVE BEEN FOR THE U.S. TO ACCEPT THAT "THE_ 
WORLD WAS NOT DEVELOPING ACCORDING TO AHERICAK 
PLANS," A "CHAUVINISTIC WAVE" DROWNED OUT THE "SOBER 
VOICES," AND THE SOVIET UlTIOM WAS BLAMED FOR ALL THE 
AMERICAN REVERSES FROM VIETNAM TO IRAN. ON THE BASIS 
OF SUCH A '-PRIHITIVE PHILOSOPHY," WASHINGTON SET A 
COnHaE OP TEXING TO ACHIEVE MILITARX SUPEEIORITX - 




NHN 




OF 1!ELEGR?>H 82HO&COU000003. 



ADPOOS 



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'O 021154Z JAh'' 82 ZFF-4 
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TO SECSTATE WASHDC IKMEDIATE 0432 
INFO USICA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0497 
AKEHBASSY WARSAW PSIORXT? 
AHEHBASSy BELGRADE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BEIJING PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BONN PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BUCHAREST PRIORITY 
AKEHBASSY COPENHAGEN PRIORITY. 
AMEMBASSY. LONDON PRIORITY . ' - 
AMEMBASSY PARIS PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY PRAGUE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY ROME PRIORITY - - 
AMEMBASSY SOFIA PRIORITY 
AKEHBASSY STOCKHOLM PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY TOKYO PRIORITY 
USMISSION USNATO PRIORITY 
USHISSION USBERLIH PRIORITY 
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-073704 021231Z /14 



[SECTION 02 OF 03 MOSCOW 00003 

OVER THE USSR, fRIGHTEN IT, AND AT THE SAME TIME 

PACIFY TH5 THIRD WORLD. 



PAGE 02 



HOSCOW 00003 02 OF 03 021214Z 



5. TURNING TO SOVIET INTENTIONS, BOVIN SAYS 

THAT: 

1) THE USSR WILL NOT ALLOW THE MILITARY- 
STRATEGIC BALANCE TO BE UPSET; 
- 2) IT IS "SENSELESS" TO TRY TO FRIGHTEN THE 
SOVIET UNION; 

3) THE PROCESS OF "SOCIAL RENEWAL" OF THE WORLD 
WILL CONTINUE—NOT BECAUCS HOSCCW WANTS IT, 



iCUSSIFlEO 



SSSS OF TBhEGBlM 82HOSCOW000003 



BUT BBCaUSE "PEOPLE WANT TO LIVE BETTER"; 
4) THE USSR WILL CONTINUE TO RID NATIONS AND 
POLITICAL MOVEMENTS THAT ARE STRUGGLING 
AGAINST "HATEFUL REGIMES." 

6. AS FOE THE QUESTION OP THE U.S. SANCTIONS, 

BOVIN ACCUSES THE UNITED STATES OF PURSUING ITS 
POLICY OF "INTERFERENCE, SANCTIONS AND BLACKHAIL" 
WIIH "ALMOST HANIACAL PERSISTENCE." PRESIDENT 
REAGAN'S SANCTIONS AGAINST BOTH POLAND AND THE USSR, 
BOVIN ASSERTS, ARE "UNHEEDED EVIDENCE" OF WASHINGTON'S 
LACK OF INTEREST IN "FACING THE REALITIES OF WHAT 
AMERICAN CAN ACCOMPLISH," AND LACK OF CONSIDERATION 
FOR THE RIGHTS OF OTHER COUNTRIES TO CONDUCT THEIR 
OWN AFFAIRS, AND FOR THE INTERESTS OF OTHER 
GOVERNMENTS- HE WRITES THAT THE THREAT POSED BY 
WASHINGTON'S POLICY IS A "REAL" ONE, NOT ONLY TO 
OTHERS, BUT "TO THE U.S. ITSELF," AND THAT HE DOES 
NOT KNOW HOW LONG IT WILL TAKE THE U.S. TO UNDERSTAND 
THIS. THE USSR, FOR ITS PART, WILL "MULTIPLY ITS 
EFFORTS IN THE STRUGGLE FOR PEACE," TRYING TO "TURN 
WORLD POLITICS INTO THE CHANNEL OF DETENTE," 



TWO SOVIET COMHENTATORS HAVE SETZED ON THE 




PAGE 03 HOSCOW 00003 02 OF 03 02123,4Z 

■f 

ARGUMENT THAT THE SANCTIONS AGAINST THE USSR WILL 
BACKFIRE AND. DAMAGE. TliE INTERESTS OF- U.S. COMPANIES 
AND WORKING PEOPLE. NIKOLAI KURDYUMOV, WRITING 
IN PRAVDA JANUARY 1, QUOTES THE FOLLOWING SAMPLES 
OF AMERICAN PUBLIC OPINION: 

— 'PRESIDENTIAL ADVISER ED MEESE ACKNOWLEDGES THAT 

"UNFORTUNATE AMERICANS WILL HAVE TO PAY FOR THE 
PRESIDENT'S DECISION" IN TERMS OF UNEMPLOYMENT; 
(THIS IS SOUHCED TO AN UNIDENTIFIED TV INTERVIEW) 

— A SPOKESMAN FOR DRESSER INDUSTRIES STATES THAT 
IT WAS "ALMOST IMPOSSIBLE" FOR AMERICAN 
BUSINESSMEN TO EXPORT MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT 
TO THE USSR EVEN BEFORE THE IMPOSITION OF 
SANCTIONS ; 

— RICHARD BELL, PRESIDENT OP RICELAND FOODS, 
DESCRIBED THE SANCTIONS AS A "SAD DAY" FOR 
AMERICAN FARMERS, AND ADDED THAT THE DECISION 
TO FREEZE TALKS OH A NEW GRAIN AGREEMENT IS 
"TANTAMOUNT TO AN EMBARGO"; 

— A REPRESENTATIVE OF CATERPILLAR TRACTOR SAID 
SOVIET ORDERS WOULD NOW BE DIRECTED TO OTHER 

— . COUNTRIES. 

8. f//ff A. TOLKUNOV, WRITING IN PRAVDA JANUARY 2, 
QUOTESTi WASHINGTON POST STOR2 WHICH S.IYS TAPT 



PAG? K. 



TEXT OF TELE0RAH 82HOSCOW000003. 



SECRETARY HAIG WAS ADVISED THAT U.S. SANCTIONS 
AGAINST THE USSR WOULD "DRAG THE U.S. INTO UNILATERAL 
ACTIONS THAT WILL PUT US IN A DEFENSIVE POSITION 
AND CAUSE QUARRELING WITH THE ALLIES." THE ARTICLE 
GOES ON TO DEMONSTRATE HOW THIS ADVICE HAS BEEN 
BORNE OUT: - - 

— U.S. PEACE COUNCIL EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR HEYERSON 



mi 



NNN 



.1 



PAGE :rc. 6 



"EEXT OF TELBSRRK 82KOSCaDW000003L , 



^DP009 



PAGE 01 HOSCiOW 00003 03 OF 03 0212i5Z 

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0 021154Z JAN 82 ZFF-4 
FM AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMKSDIAIE 0433 
INFO USICA WASHDC IHHEDIATE 0498 
AMEHBASSY WARSAW PRIORITY 
AHEHBASS7 BELGRADE PRIORITZ 
AMEMBASSY BEIJING PRIORITY 
AKEMBASSY BONN PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY, BUDAPEST PRIORITY - . 
AMEMBASSY BUCHAREST PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY LONDON- PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY PARIS PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY PRAGUE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY ROME PRIORITY 
AHEMBASS-Y SOFIA PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY TOKYO PRIORITY 
USMISSION USNATO PRIORITY 
USMISSIOH USBERLIK PRIORITY' ' 
USNMR SHAPE BE PRIORITY- 
USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE PRIORITY 
AKCONSUL LENINGRAD PRIORITY 
AMCONSUL MUNICH PRIORITY 



-073715 021231Z /14 



rSECTIOK 03 OF 03 MOSCOW 00003 

SAYS THE ANTI-SOVIET SANCTIONS ARE DESIGNED TO 
DEFLECT ATTENTION FK5M THE "DEEPENING ECONOMIC 



PAGE 02 



MOSCOW 00003 03 OF 03 ' 021215Z 



CRISIS" IN THE U.S.; 

THE WASHINGTON POST WRITES THAT THE ADMINISTRATION 
"MAY HOLD UP STRATEGIC ARMS LIMITATION TALKS" ON 
ACCOUNT OF THE EVENTS IN POLAND f 
OTHER "OBSERVERS" SPEAK OP "DIRECT BLACKMAIL" 

OF OUR WEST EUROPEAN ALLIES: EITHER SUPPORT 
US ON THESE SANCTIONS OR ELSE WE WILL CUT OFF 
THE INF TALKS, THE U.S. IS ALLEGED TO HAVE 
SAID; 



PAGE KO. 



T.^T OF TELEGRAM 82HOSa3W000b03l. 



— WASHINGTON IS SEIZED BY AN "ANTI-SOVIET, 
ANTI-POLISH PSYCHOSIS r" DESPITE THE "OBVIOUS 
FAILURE" OF "COLLECTIVE SANCTIONS"; 

— "ANTI-COMMUNIST AND ANTI-SOVIET HYSTERIA" HAVE' 
REACHED AN UNPRECENDENTED LEVEL. 

9. iJ^BlECHOIHG THE THEME OF EUROPEAN OPPOSITION 
TO T^ffiScTIONS, PRAVDA JANUARY 2 CARRIES A TASS 
ROUND-UP OF EUROPEAN OPINION TO "PROVE" THE POINT. 
MOST DAHAGING ARE QUOTES FROM THE LONDON TIMES 
("FUNDAHENTAL DIFFERENCES OF VfORLD VIEW BETWEEN 
THE UNITED STATES AND EUROPE"), FKG ECONOMIC 
MINISTER COUNT LAMBSDORFF ("EUROPEAN COUNTRIES 
WILL NOT JOIN THE BOYCaDTT") , AND SDP DEPUTY CHAIRMAN 
HANS-JUERGEN WISCHNEWSKI (I DO NOT CONSIDER THE 
PRESIDENT'S DECISION OF SANCTIONS A GOOD ONE. A 
FURTHER WORSENING OF THE SITUATION IS NOT IN THE 
INTEREST OF THE FRG) . PRAVDA ALSO QUOTES CRITICISM 
OF THE U.S. MOVE BY PAPERS IN SYRIA AND INDIA. 

10. WARSAW MINIMIZE CONSIDERED. HASTHAK 




pssm 



TEXT QT TELEGHAM 82HOSCQW000001 



PAGE 01 MOSCOW 00001 01 OF 03" 0113 31Z 

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0 011312Z JAN 82 
FH AHEMBASSY MOSCOW 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0427 
INFO USICA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0492 
AMEMBASSY WARSAW PRIORITY * . 
AHEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BERLIN PRIORITY 
AHEMBASSY BONN PRIORITY 
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AMSKBASSY BUCHAREST PRIORITY 
AHEMBASSY BUDAPEST PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSYi LONDON PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSy' COPENHAGEN PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY PARIS PRIORITY . . 
AMEMBASSY PRAGUE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY ROME PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY SOFIA PRIORITY 
USMISSION USNATO PRIORITY 
USMliSSION USBEHLIN PRIORITY 
USHMR SHAPE BE PRIORITY 
USCINCEUR VAIHIMQEN QE PRIORITY 
AMCONSUL LENINGRM PRIORITY 



-067X36 011343Z /46 



ucfAHlmeNT OF STATE 

(/) RELEASE (/) DECLASSIFY 

( ) EXCISE ( ) DECLASSIFY 

I ) DENY |^ PART 

( ) DELETE Non- Responsive Into 
FOIA Exerootiontt 

PA Exemptions 



IS/FPC/CBR 



MR Cases Only: 
£0 CiUtions 



TH authority to 

( ) CLASSIFY as ( ) S or ( ) C 

( ) DOWNGRADE TS to ( ) S or { ) C . 



SECTION 01 OF 03 MOSCOW 00001 

E.O. 12065: 1/01/88 (COURTNEY, WILLIAM H) OR-P 
TAGS: PEPR, UH, PL 

SUBJECT: ARBATOV PUMMELS U»S. ON POLAND — REPORT NO. 59 



PAGE 02 MOSCOW 00001 01 OF 03 011331Z 

JANUARY 1, 1982 

1- SUMMARY: IN A LONG PRAVDA ARTICLE TODAY 

CPSU CENTRAL COMMITTEE MEMBER AND USA INSTITUTE CHIEF 

ARBATOV SHARPLY CRITICIZES U.S. POLICY TOWARD POLAND 

AND SEEKS "ANALYTICALLY" TO EXPOSE WASHINGTON'S REAL. 

MOTIVES' AND OBJECTIVES IN ITS "ANTI-POLISH CAMPAIGN." 

ARBATOV CALLS THIS CAMPAIGN AND U.S. ECONOMIC 

WARFARE AGAINST POLAND IMMORAL AND HYPOCRITICAL BEYOND ALL 

PAGE NO. 



text; of TELEC3RRM 82MOSCOW000001 



LIMITS. HE REPEATS THE THEME THAT THE U.S. IS SEEKING 
TO DESTABILIZE POLAND, ARBATOV DRAWS A PARALLEL BETWEEN 
MARTIAL LAW IN POLAND AND USG ACTION "NINE TIMES SINCE 
TO II" TO EHPLOY SPECIAL POWERS TO DEAL WITH RACIAL 
CRISES OR STRIKES. TO EXPLAIN THE REAL MOTIVES. OF U.S. 
POLICY ON POLAND, AHBATOV CLAIHS ONE KUST LOOK TO THE i 
RIGHT-WING EXTREMISTS WHO DOMINATE THE U.S. FOPT'IGM 
POLICZ' BUREAUCRACY , AND TO THE PRESIDENT rfHO SHARES 
THEIR VIEWS. ARBATOV SEES THREE MAIN OBJECTIVES 
OF THE U.S. ANTI-POLISH CAMPAIGN: TO BRING THE NATO 
ALLIES CLOSER TOGETHER, TO PRESERVE THE ARMS RACE, 
AND TO MAKE AMERICANS FORGET ABOUT THEIR OWN DOMESTIC 
PROBLEMS. IT IS CURIOUS THAT ARBATOV BELIEVES THE 
U.S. HAS AN OPPORTUNITY TO "USE" POLAND TO PROMOTE 
ALLIANCE UNITY. OTHER PROPAGAMDISTS HAVE PUSHED THE 
LINE THAT U.S. POLICY, PARTICULARLY SANCTIONS, IS 
LIKELY TO EXACERBATE ALLIANCE DIFFERENCES. 



iCLME 



2. SINCE THE DECLARATION OF MARTIAL LAW IN 

POLANdTsOVIET PROPAGANDISTS HAVE STRESSED THAT THE 
U.S. IS RESPONSIBLE FOR EVENTS IN POLAND LEADING TO 
THIS STEP, AND THAT THE U.S. CONTINUES TO EXACERBATE 
THE SITUATION THERE. SINCE THE ANNOUNCEMENT OF U.S. 
SA*NCTIONS ON POLAND AND ON THE USSR, SOVIET 



PAGE 03 MOSCOW 00001 01 OP 03 011331Z 

PROPAGANDISTS HAVE INCREASINGLY CHARGED THAT U.S. 
POLICY ON POLAND HAS AS ITS PURPOSES TO HEIGHTEN 
INTERNATIONAL TENSIONS, "TO HARM U.S. -SOVIET 
RELATIONS, AND TO FURTHER OTHER U.S. FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC 
POLICY GOALS FAVORED BY THE "EXTREME RIGHT." THESE 
THEMES STRIKINGLY RESEMBLE THE MAIN LINES OF SOVIET 
ANTI-US PROPAGANDA IN ^ElECENT YEARS, PARTICULARLY ON 
' STRATEGIC AND ARMS CONTROL MATTERS . AN ACCOMPLISHMENT 
OF THE ARBATOV ARTICLE, THEREFORE, IS THAT IT 
INTEGRATES SOVIET PROPAGANDA ON U.S. POLICY TOWARD 
POLAND WITH THE OVERALL SOVIET PROPAGANDA STRATEGY 
VIS-A-VIS THE U.S. -- END SUKMSHY- 

f3. (LOU) I^A LONG ARTICLE IN PHAVDA, GEORGI AHBATOV, 
'iCHE DIHECTOR OF THE INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF THE USA 
AND CANADA, CALLS U.S. POLICY ON POLAND AN ATTEMPT TO 

COMPLICATE THE POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC SITUATION THERE, 
TO "INTERNATIONALIZE" THE CRISIS, AND TO USE EVENTS 
THERE TO SHARPEN THE INTERNATIONAL SITUATION, IN 
PARTICULAR, RELATIONS WITH THE USSR. ARBATOV ALLEGES 
that' THE. |U.S. "CAMPAIGN" IS IMMORAL, AND ITS HYPOCRISY 
GOES BEYOND ALL LIMITS. DESPITE ITS "LOFTY IKJRAL IIU 
CONSIDERATIONS," THE U.S. HAS DECLARED "ECONOMIC WARFARE 
ON POLAND." "IN FACT,, ALL U.S. INFLUENCE IS BEING TO . 
PUSH THE COUNTRY TOWARD' CONFRONTATION, ANARCHY, CHAOS, 
AND BLOODSHEAD." 



m 



PAGE NO. 2 



TEXT OP TELEGR&H a2HOSC!QM000001 - . . _ _.. 

4- ARBATOV ADMITS THAT MARTIAL LAW IN POLAND 




TEXT OF TELBGBAM 82IIOSCOW0000O1 . 



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0 011312Z JAN 82 
FH AKEHBASSX MOSCOW 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IHHEDIAO^E 0428 
INFO USICA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0433 
AMEHBASSY WARSAW PRIORITY 
AKEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
AMEHBASSY BERLIN PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BONN PRIORITY 
AMCONSUL MUNICH PRIORITY 
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USMISSION USNATO 'PRIORITY 
U^MISSION USBERLIN PRIORITY ' ' ' ' 
USNMR SHAPE BE PRIDHITY 
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-067151 011343Z /46 



pSECTION 02 OF 03, MOSCOW 00001 

IS AM "UNPLEASANT AND PAINFUL MEASURE." NEVERTHELESS, 
HE CONTINUES, IT IS AN INTERNAL AFFAIR OF EVERY 
COUNTRY. BY ITSELF, IT DOSS NOT VIOLATE THE 



PAGE 02 



MOSCOW 00001 02 OF 03 011332Z 



"COMMONLY RECOGNIZED NORMS OF INTERNATIONAL LAW, THE 
U.N. CHARTER OR EXISTING TREATIES" (READ: THE HELSINKI 
FINAL ACT) , EVEN THOUGH WASHINGTON IS TRYING TO PIffiVE 
THE REVERSE. 

5. ^ttf ARBATOV THEN DRAWS A PARALLEL BETWEEN H2^IAL. 
LAW IN POLAND AND THE "EXAMPLE OF THE U.S." AHBATOV 
NOTES PROVISIONS IN THE U.S. CONSTITUTION AND LAWS 
FOR COMBATTING SOCIAL UNREST. THE irSG,HE CONTINUES, 

PAGE NO. 



wmm 



TEXiP OF TELEGRM 82MOSCUW000Cf01 



HAS USED THESE POWERS "NINE TIMES SINCE WORLD WftR II 
ALONE, MOSTLY IN CASES OF RACIAL RIOTS, EXCEPT 
THE INCIDENTS OF THE USE OF TROOPS TO SUPRESS STRIKES." 
ARBATOV ASKS RHETORICALLY : CAN POLISH AUTHORITIES NOT 
USE SIMILAR MEASURES TO AVERT THE THREAT OF NATIONAL 
CATASTROPHE? HE ASSERTS THAT IN MANY OTHER CASES — CHILE, 
IRAN, SOUTH KOREA, LATJ'f AMERICa— THE U.S. HAS WELOSKED 
COUPS ACCOHPANIED BY APl-ALLINS ATROCITIES AND BLOODSHEAD. 

6. APPARENT DISCREPANCY, CONTINUES ARBATOV, 

NATURALLY LEADS TO THE QUESTION OF WASHINGTON'S REAL 
MOTIVES IN TAKING THESE MEASURES TOWARD POLAND. ARBATOV 
SUGGESTS THAT THE ANSWER MAY BE FOUND BY EXAMINING THE 
OUTLOOK OP WASHINGTON POLICYHAKERS. HE ARGUES THAT 
NOT JUST SENIOR U.S. OFFICIALS BUT THE ENTIRE "SECOND- 
ECHELON" OF THE U.S. FOREIGN-POLICY BUREAUCEACY CONSISTS 
OF "EXTREMISTS REPRESENTING THE EXTREME HICfflT, THE 
EXTREME MILITARY FLANK OF THE U.S. RULING CLASS." THE 
PRESIDENT, HE ADDS, SHARES THIER VIEWS, ARBATOV 
CONTINUES THAT THE ADMINISTRATION BEGAN WITH A SERIES 
OF, ANTI-SOVIET ACTIONS IN U.S.. RELATIONS WITH CUBA, 
NICARAGUA, AND MANY ARAB COUNTRIES. THIS EVIDENT 
"RETURN TO THE COLD WAR" FRIGHTENED U.S. ALLIES AND 

as WELL. IN RECENT MONTHS, THEY HAVE 



PAGE 03 MOSCOW 00001 02 OP 03 011332Z 

FORCED THE ADMINISTRATION TO CHANGE ITS TONE, TO TALK 
ABOUT NEGOTIATIONS, ABOUT ARMS LIMITATIONS, NOT ABOUT - 
WAR BUT about' PEACE. ' " 

7. tfHI ARBATOV ATTRIBUTES TO THE U.S. THREE MAIN 
OBJECTIVES IN THE "ANTI-POLISH CAMPAIGN.": 

r-TO BRING THE (NATO) AJJLIES CLOSER TOGETHER AND TO 
%>ATCH UP WITH THE BALLMOO OVER POLAND THE SERIOUS 
FRICTIONS WHICH HAVE FLARED UP OVER THE MAJOR QUESTIONS 
OF SECURITY, FOREIGN POLICY, AND ECONOMICS; 



, — TO PRESERVE THE ARMS RACE, DESPITE THE ECONOMIC AND 
■^POLITICAL CONSTRAINTS AND THE ONGOING TALKS; 

—TO MAKE' AMERICANS FORGET ABOUT THE GROWING ECONOMIC 
AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS OF THEIR COUNTRY, AN OBJECTIVE THAT 
IS PARTICULARLY IMPORTANT BECAUSE CONGRESSIONAL ELECTIONS 
TAKE PLACE IN 1982. 

8. |HB FINALLY, CONCLUDES ARBATOV, THE MOST IMPORTANT 
QUESTION IS WHETHER THE U.S. WILL INTERVENE IN POLAND 
IN THE EVENT OF A DRAMATIC UPRISING THERE. IN THIS 
"NUCLEAR CEirrUHY,"' EMPHASISES' ARBATOV, LOCAL 
CONFLICTS ALWAYS POTENTIALLY THREATEN TO EVOLVE INTO A 
POLITICAL AND MILITARY COXFTJONTATION BETWEEN THE GREAT 

PAGE NO. 



TEXT OP TEI^GBAH 82KOSCOW000001 



POWERS. WHAT WOULD HAVE HAPPENED, ARBATOV ASKS, IF 
DURING THE COURSE OF POST-WAR EVENTS LEADERS HAD FOLLOWED 
THEIR INSTINCTS, SYMPATHIES. AND ANTIPATHIES? NUCLEAR 
CATASTROPHE, OP COURSE. "THE UNDERSTANDING OF THIS TRUTH" 
STRENGTHENS THE INVINCIBLE, VITAL FORCE OF THE 
PRINCIPLES OF PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE OF STATES BELONGING 
TO DIFFERENT S^'^TEMS. IN ONE OR ANOTHER FORM, THESE 
PRIKCIPLEt) HAVE BEEN ACCEPTED BY THE CAPITALIST COUNTRIES, 



USSIFIEO 



NKN 



PAGE NO. 6 



TEXT OP TELEGEiaM. 82KOSCOW000003 



PAGE 01 MOSCOW 00001 03 OF 03 011333Z 

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0 011312Z JAK 82 
PM AHEMBASSY HOSCOW 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0429 
INFO USICA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0494 
AHEMBASSY WARSAW PRIORITY 
AKEMBASSy BELGRADE PRIORITY 
AHEMBASSY BERLIN PRIORITY 
AHEMBASSY BONN PRIORITY 

AHCONSUL MUNICH PRIORITY . -- - 

iUJEHBASSY. BUCHAREST PRIORITY 
AMEHBASgy BUDAPEST PRIORITY . - 
AJiEHBASSX LOKDdN PRIORITY 

ahembassy copenhagen priority 
ahembassy paris priority 

ahembassy prague priority 

ahembassy rome priority 
ahembassy stockholm priority 
ahembassy sofia priority 
usmissioh usnrto priority . . 
"uskission' usberlin priority " ' 
usnme shape be priority . 
irscinceur vaihingen ge priority, 
ahconsul leningrad priority 

sectiok 03 of 03 moscow 00001 

including the u.s. but, in recent times, official 
america again amd again has fohgottek the realities of 

OUR EPOCH, INCLUDING THE FACT THAT THE PRESENT 



PAGE 02 



MOSCOW 00001 03 OF 03 011333Z 



SITUATION. IS DANGEROUS ENOUGH WITHOUT ARTICIALLY 
FOSHEMTIHG CRISES." 



9. WARSAW MINIMIZE CONSIDERED. 
HARTMAN 



CLASSIHEO 



PAGE NO. 



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AMEKBASSX WARSAW PSIORITX . _- 
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BEIJING PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BONN PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BUCHAREST PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY LOHDOK PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY PjiRIS PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY PRAGUE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY ROME PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY SOFIA PRIORITY^ 
AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY TOKYO PRIORITY 
USMISSION. USNATO PRIORITY 
USHISSION USBERLIN PRIORITY 
USNHR SHAPE BE PRIORITY. 
USCINCEUR' VAIHINGEN GE PRIORITY 
AMCONS'UL LENINGRAD PRIORITY 
AKCONSUL MUNICH PRIORITY 



-055571 311941Z /53 



(*^) RjELSASE {•'} DECLASSIFY 
( ) EXCISE { ) DECLASSIFY 
1 ) DENY IN PART 
( I DELETE Non-Re«ponslVB info 

cnm C«»mptlnn« 


MR CaaM Only: 
EO Citations ^ , 

TS authority to 


( ) CLASSIFY as ( ) S or ( ) C 
( ) DOWNGRADE TS to ( ) S or ( ) C 


Wl Exemptions 



SECTION 01 OF 03 MOSCOW 17654 

E.O. 12065: GDS 12/29/87 (COURTNEY, WILLIAM H) OB-P 

TAGS; PEPR, PL, UR 



PAGE 02 



MOSCOW 17654 01 OF 03 3119342 



SUBJECT: SOVIET COMMENTARY ON POLAND, DECEMBER 31, 1981: 
REPORT NO. 58 



1. ^^HF SUMMARY: THIS EVENING THE SOVIET 
PRO^^^Wa MACHINE ROSE TO THE CHALLENGE OF THE 
U.S.. DECISION ON SOVIET SANCTIONS. IT UNLEASHED 
A BARRAGE OF CRITICISM OF THE U.S. ACTION, AND IT 
SOUGHT TO MINIMIZE THE ADVERSE CONSEQUENCES OF 
THE SANCTIONS. A USA INSTa CUTE OFFICIAT. CHARGES 



iimRE 



YESS GS TEIiEtiaAH 81HOSCX3W017654 



THE U.S. WITH SEEKING TO DESTABILIZE THE EUROPEAN 
SECURITY SYSTEM AND TO DISCIPLINE DISOBBDIEKT ALLIES. 
TASS QUOTES POLISH FOREIGN MINISTER CZYREK AS 
CHARGING THAT POLAND WILL NEVER AGREE TO INTERFERENCE 
IN ITS INTERNAL AFFAIRS. CPSU CENTRAL COKMITTEE 
OFFICIAL ZAMYATIN, LIKE BREZHNEV IN THE RECENT 
INTERVIEW WITH NBC, EMPHASIZES THAT 'E MAJOR FOREIGN 
POLICY CHALLENGES LIE IN THE ARMS CONTROL FIELD. 
THIS IS AN OBVIOUS ATTEMPT TO PERSUADE READERS 
THAT POLAND IS NOT AN ISSUE OF INTERNATIONAL 
CONSEQUENCE. TASS, REPLAYING A POLISH PRESS ITEM, 
ASSERTS THAT U.S. DIPLOMATS OFTEN VISITED SOLIDARITY 
LEADERS AND THAT AFTERWARD THE BEHAVIOR OF THE 
LEADERS BECAME MORE BRAZEN. NOT UNEXPECTEDLY, TASS 
ASSESSES THE SANCTIONS AND FINDS THEY ARE OF LITTLE 
COHSEQUENCE OR WILL HURT THE U.S. MORE THAN THE 
USSR. END SUMMARY. 



2. HH^^'^'^ TAKEN ANOTHER SWIPE AT THE U.S. 

SANCTIOff^UT ON THE USSR ON ACCOUNT OF POLAND. A 
COMMENTARY BY RADOMIH BOGDANOV, DEPUTY DIRECTOR 
OF THE INSTITUTE OF THE USA AND CANADA, BUT 
IDENTIFIED HERE AS A "TASS NEWS ANALYST," CHARGES 
THAT THE "IMPERIAL WARRIORS" IN THE WHITE HOUSE '' 



MOSCOW 17654 01 OF 03 311934Z 



ARE TRYING TO "WHIP UP PASSIONS AROUND POLAND" 
AND. TO "USE RUDENESS, BLACKMAIL AND VIOLENCE AS A 
SUBSTITUTE FOE THE RBSL OF FOREIGN POLICY." THE 
ARTICLE, ENTITLED "TERRORISM," CONTAINS A LONG 
LISTING OF AMERICAN MISDEEDS AND "ACTS OF TERRORISM" 
STARTING WITH HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI, THROUGH IRAN, 
VIETNAM, CHILE, AND CENTRAL AMERICA. IT CHARGES 
THAT POLAND IS "ONLY A PRETEXT FOR FURTHER WHIPPING 
UP INTERNATIONAL TENSJjgNS" IN ORDER TO 1) DESTABILIZE 
THE EUROPEAN SECURITY SYSTEM: AND 2) DISCIPLINE 
"DISOBEDIENT ALLIES." THE SANCTIONS AGAINST THE! 
USSR, ACCORDING TO BOGDANOV, REFLECT THE "MORAL 
EROSION." OF . AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY RATHER THAN 
'^STRENGTH OR* CONFIDENCE . " WHEREAS PRESIDENT CARTER 
WAS THE MAN WHO "PUT INTO HIGH GEAR THE MACHINE FOR 
DESTROYING AND UNDERMINING DETENTE," NOW IT IS THE 
REAGAN ADMINISTRATION WHICH IS "ACCELEIUITING THE 
REVOLUTIONS OF THIS MACHINE," IN ACTIONS WHICH 
CONSTITUTE "THE LIMIT OF HYPOCRISY AND ADVENTURISM." 

3. |HB| COMMENT: BOGDANOV 'S CLEAR THEMES ARE 
THAT THE tT.S. IS USING POLAND AS A PRETEXT FOR 
ACTIONS IT WOULD LIKE TO UNDERTAKE IN ANY CASE, 
AND THAT THE STRATEGY BEHIND THESE ACTIONS HAs' TO' 
DO WITH FEARS OF SLIPPING INFLUENCE WITH THE WESTERN 
ALLIES. IT HARDLY NEEDS TO Be. SVATED TE7.T BOTH 



mSSIRED 

PAGe; NO. 2 



TE35.T OF TELE<3E«iH 81HOSCOWOX7654 




THESE ARGUMENTS ARE CALCULATED 1) TO DISTRACT 



ATTENTION FROM THE REAL ISSUE OF POLAND? AND 2) TO 
SOW DISCORD AMONG THE NATO ALLIES. THE ACCUSATIONS 
OF PAST MERICM ACTIONS IN THE THIRD WORLD ARE 
INTENDED TO APPEAL TO. THE WIDER WORLD AUDIENCE AND 
THE EUROPEAN LEFT, AND AGAIN, TO DISTRACT ATTENTION 
FROM THE CURRENT SITUATION IV POLAND. END COHMEHT. 




NNN 




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TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0424 
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AMEMBASSY WARSAW PHIOHITY 
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BEIJING PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BONN PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BUCHAREST PRIORITY ' 
AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY LONDON PRIORITS 
AMEMBASSY PARIS PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY PRAGUE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY ROME PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY SOFIA PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY TOKYO PRIORITY 
USMISSIpN USNATO PRIORITY 
'USMl'SSION USBERLINPRIORITY ■ " 
USHMH SHAPE BE PRIORITY 
USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE PRIORITY 
AMCOHSUL LENINGRAD PRIORITY 
AMCONSUL MUNICH PRIORITY . 




SECTION 02 OF 03 MOSCOW 17654 



4. (LOU) ' IN A DECEMBER 31 DISPATCH FROM WARSAW, 




PAGE 02 MOSCOW 17654 02 OF 03 311935Z 

TASS ATTACKS PRESIDENT REAGAN'S "DISCRIMINATORY 
MEASURES" AGAINST POLAND AND THE SOVIET UNION, 
WHICH HAVE "AROUSED STRONG PROTESTS AND INDIGNATION 
IN POLAND." TASS QUOTES POLISH FOREIGN MINISTER 
JOZEF CZYREK AS SAYING, "SETTING THINGS IN ORDER 
IN OUR OWN HOME IS OUR INTERNAL MATTER. POLAND 
WISHES TO KAINTAIK EQOAL RELATiONS WITH ALL STATES 
AND WILL NEVER AGREE TO INTERFERENCE IN ITS INTERNAL 
AFFAIRS." 



'mm 



PAGE NO. 



TEXT OF TBLEGR&H 8'1MOSCOW017.654 



5. BASING ITS OBSERVATIONS ON A STATEMENT 

BY THE POLISH PRESS AGENCY (PAP) , TASS REPORTS . . . 

.THAT THE POLISH COUNCIL OF MINISTERS MEETING 
CONVENED TO DISCUSS THE EFFECTS OF MARTIAL LAW. IN 
POLAND HAS CONCLUDED THAT "THERE IS ft REAL POSSIBILITY 
NOW TO END T"T DEEP CRISIS IN THE COUNTRY DUE TO 
THE LlgUIDATlOH OF ANARCHY IN SOCIO-ECONOMIC 
LIFE." THE RECENT INTRODUCTION OF UNIVERSAL LABOR 
DUTY UNDER MARTIAL LAW IS CITED AS ONE OP THE 
RECENT CHANGES WHICH HAS CREATED THE NECESSARY 
CONDITIONS FOR "ENSURING A GROWTH OF OUTPUT AND 
LABOR PRODUCTIVITY." THE RECENT GROWTH IN COAL 
OUTPUT — "ALMOST 600,000 TONS OF COAL WERE MINED 
ON DECEMBER 29, THE HIGHEST DAILY PERFORMANCE IN 
COAL MINING IK RECENT WEEKS" — IS PORTRAYED AS A 
RESULT OF THE CLAMP-DOWN ON THE "PROVOCATIVE 
ACTIONS OF SOLIDARITY RADICALS." 

6, (LOU) IN AN INTERVIEW PRINTED IN THE NEW YEAR'S 
ISSUE OF THE SOVIET. WEEKLY 'MOSCOW NEWS,' THE CHIEF • 
OF THE CPSU CENTRAL COMMITTEE'S INTERNATIONAL 
INFORMATION DEPARTMENT, LEONID ZAMYATIN, PINPOINTS 
THEUHES^ffii QUESTIONS FOR THE NEW YEAR I 1) 



PAGE 03 MOSCOW 17654 02 OF 03 311935Z 

MEDIUM-RANGE WEAPONS IN EUROPE; 2) CARRYING OK THE 
SALT PROCESS; AND 3) BREAKING THE DEADLOCK AT THE . 
VIENNA MBFH TALksI ZAMZATik STRESSES THA* TftE ' 
SOVIET UNION "llAS ALWAYS FAVORED DIALOGUE' WITH THE 
USA AT ANY LEVEL," AND THAT IT DESIRES "HONEST AND 
CONSTRUCTIVE NEGOTIATIONS..." HE WARNS, HOWEVER, ' 
THAT RELATIONS BETWEEN THE SUPERPOWERS MUST BE 
BASED ON "OBSERVANCE OF THE PRINCIPLE OF EQUAL 
SECURITY, EACH OTHER'S LEGITIMATE INTERESTS, AND 
MUTUAL BENEFIT." ON POLAND, ZAMYATIN REPEATS THE 
SOVIET LINE THAT THE PRESIDENT'S CHRISTMAS SPEECH 
VIOLATED "INTERNATIONAL NORMS" AND THE HELSINKI 
FINAL ACT. 

7. COMMENT: AS BREZHNEV DID IN THE NBC 

INTERVIEW, ZAMYATIN DWELLS ON ARMS CONTROL THEMES 
AND SOVIET INTEREST IN CONSTRUCTIVE RELATIONS 
WITH THE U.S., ON SOVIET TERMS OF COURSE. 
ZAMYATIN 'S {AND BREZHNEV'S)' PURPOSES ARE: 1) TO 
ATTEMPT. TO PERSUADE READERS THAT POLAND IS NOT 
AN ISSUE OF MAJOR INTERNATIONAL CONSEQUENCE; 
2) TO HIGHLIGHT TO EUROPEANS THAT, DESPITE POLAND, 
EUROPE. HAS SUBSTANTIAL. INTERESTS IN REACHING 
ACCOMMODATION WITH THE USSR ON MATTERS QF 
IMPORTANCE TO EUROPE AND ITS SECURITY; AND 3) TO 
INDICATE THAT IF THE U.S. x'i WILLING TO OVERTOOK 



iCMfe 



P-i&E NO. 



TEKT OF XBLEGRIUI aiKOSCOW0176S4 




POLAND, THE USSR IS PREPARED TO BESPOND POSITIVELY - 
END COMMENT. 

8. (LOU) TASS PICKED UP AN ARTICLE WRITTEN BY THE 
POLISH NEWSPAPER 'WIHDOMOSCI S2CZEDINSKIE ' IN WHICH 
REAGAN'S CHRISTMAS MESSAGE WAS CHARACTERIZED AS 
A "'CTr.SSICAL EXAMPLE OF THE U.S. POLICY WITH REGARD 
TO OTHER COUNTRIES," ACCUSING REAGAN OF HAVING 




NNN 



V 



i 




PAGS NO. 



6 



TESS OF TELESBAU 81MOSCOW017654 



RDP649 



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FK AHEHBASSY HOSCOW 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0425 
IHFO USICA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0490 
AHEHBASSY WARSAW PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSY BELC5RADE PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSY BEIJING PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSY BONN PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSY BUDAPEST PKXOHITY 
AHEHBASSY BUCHABiEST PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSY COPEHHAGEH PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSY LONDON PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY' PARIS PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSY PRAGUE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY ROME PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY SOFIA PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM PRIORITY . , 
AMEMBASSY TOKYO PRIORITY 
USMISSION USNATO. PRIORITY 
USMISSiON USBERLi'N PRIORITY 
USNME SHAPE BE PRIORITY 
USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE PRIORITY 
RMCONSUL LENINGRAD PRIORITY 
AMCONSUL MUNICH PRIORITY 



-05S612 311941Z /50 



^ SECTION 03 OF 03 MOSCOW 17654 

REVEALED HIS TRUE INTENTIONS, THE POLISH ARTICLE 
REPORTS THE POLISH ASSESSMENT OF REAGAN'S ACTION 



PAGE 02 



HOSCOW 176S4 03 OF 03 311937Z 



AS NEW PROOF OF AN "OLD TRUTH," NAMELY THAT ' 
"IMPERIALISTS WILL NOT REPEAT NOT GIVE A CENT TO 
ANYONE IF THEY DO NOT REPEAT NOT SEE ANY ADVANTAGE 
FOR THEMSELVES." (REAGAN IS QUOTED AS HAVING SAID 
THAT HE "HAS NO REPEAT NO INTEREST IN POLAND.") 
THE U.S. IS CHARGED WITH AIHING IN RECENT MONTHS 
TO ' "ESTABLISH CONTROL OVER POLAND'S SOCIAL AND 
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT" AND WITH SUPPORTING SOLIDARITY 
BECAUSE "IT SUITED THE AIMS AifD TASKS OF W^iSTERN 



iCUSSIFlEO 



PkG3 NO. 



3?BXT OP TELEGRAM 81MOSCOW0176S4 



SUBVERSIVE IDEOLOGICAL CENTERS." IT IS POINTED 
OUT THAT U.S. DIPLOMATS "OFTEN MADE VISIT& TO 
LEADERS OF SOLIDARITY" AND 'tHAT "AFTER EVERY SUCH 
HEETING THE BEHAVIOR OF TRADE UNION LEADERS BECAME 
MORE BRAZEN AND THEY WERE PUSHING THE COUNTRY 
FURTHER TOWARD AN INTERNAL ARHED CONFLICT." POLES 
ARE EXHORTED TO "RELY OH THEIR OWN RESOURCES AND 
ON THE ASSISTANCE OF TRUE FRIENDS WHO HAVE NOT 
REPEAT NOT LEFT THE POLES IN NEED." 

9. IHM COMHENT: THE POLISH JOURNALIST 

PLAYS TO POLES' HISTORICAL AMSER AT BSINS ABANDOHED 

BY THE v/EST DURING WWII BY PORTRAYING THE WEST, AND 
ESPECIALLY THE U.S., AS INTERESTED IN POLAND ONLY 
AS LONG AS THE POLISH ECONOMY WAS ECONOMICALLY 
EXPLOITABLE. THE IMPLIED ACCUSATION THAT U.S. 
DIPLOMATS EXHORTED SOLIDARITY TO lUORE BRAZEN 
ACTIONS REPRESENTS AH ESCALATION IK THE SOVIET 
MEDIA OF ATTEMPTS TO LINK THE USG TO SOLIDARITY. 

10. AU| TASS OBSERVER IVAN ABLAMOV REPLAYS THEHES 
REMINIsffliT OF THE SOVIET STANCE TAKEN DURING THE 
CASTER ADHINISTEiATION'S SBt&IS EMBARGO: 1) PAST 
EMBARGOS HAVE NOT PHEVfiNTED THE SOVIET UKIOH FROM ' 



PAGE 03 MOSCOW 17654 03 OF 03 311937Z 

BECOMING A MILITARY SUPEHPOWe| OR FROM DEVELOPING 
ITS ECONOMY; AND 2) EMBARGOS HURT. U.S. BUSINESSMEN . 
AND FARMERS MORE THAN THEY HURT THE SOVIET -UMION. 
HE ESTIMATES THAT LOSSES TO U.S. CORPORATIONS AS A 
RESULT OF REAGAN'S SANCTIONS WILL BE "AT LEAST 
3.7 BILLION DOLLARS" AND THAT LOSSES TO U.S. FAHHEHS 
WILL BE ANOTHER "1.5 BILLION DOLLARS A YEAR." HE 
ASSERTS THAT DURING THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION CAMPAIGN 
"REAGAN HIMSELF HAD TO ADMIT THE POINTLESSNESS OF 
UNILATERAL. CURTAILING OF TRADE WITH THE USSR." 

11. A COMMENTATOR ON THE NIGHTLY TV MEWS PROGRAM 
"VREMYA" STATED THAT THE WEST HAS "PROOF" THAT THE 
SOVIET UNION WAS NOT INVOLVED IK THE DECISION TO 
IMPOSE MARTIAL LAW IN POLAND, BUT THAT THE U.S. HAS 
CHOSEN TO IGNORE IT. HE ALSO REJECTED THE NOTION 
THAT PRESSURE FROM THE U.S. WOULD CHAHGE SOVIET 
"FRATERNAL" BEHAVIOR TOWARD ITS ALLY. "VREMYA" 
ANNOUNCER ALSO REPEATED TASS ITEM IN PARA 5 ABOUT 
UHIVEHSAL LABOR DUTY AND INCREASED PRODUCTIVITY 
RESULTING FROM THE "LIQUIDATION OF ANARCHY." HE 
NOTED THAT THE U.S. HAD GIVEN ITS ALLIES 24 HOURS' 
WARNING BEFORE IMPOSING ECONOMIC SANCTIONS AND HAD 
MISTAKENLY TAKEN THEIR' SILENCE FOR SUPPORT. .HE REPEATED 
THE WARNING (PAHA 10) THAT AN EMBARGO WOULD HURT 
THE U.S. MORE THAN THE SOVIET UNION. HARTMAN 

PAPE NO. 



ilMSKO 



TEXT OF TELESRAH 82I(OSCOH004S17 



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P 2115S1Z APR 82 

FH AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 3945 

IHFO AHCONSUL LENINGRAD 

AHBHBASSY WARSAW 

AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD 

AMEMBASSY KABUL 



-136630 211601Z /43 



C^) RELEASE 
( ) EXCtSE 
( ) DENY 

PA - 



( ' J DECLASSJFy 
f J DECLASSIFy 



Info 



Examptjons 
SECTION 01 OF 02 MOSCOW 04817 

E.O. 12065: RDS-4 4/21/02 (HARTHAN, AHTHUS) OR-K 
TAGSt PEPR, UR, US, AF, PL 

SUBJECT: CANDIDATE POLITBURO HEHBER DEMICHEV ON 
POLANp, AFGHANISTAN, AND START 

REF: MOSCOW 4571 



mE-00 

L-03 

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MR Cue* Only 
EO Citations 



' ' CLASSIFY u ' r-7 — '''^ ■uthority to. 

f ) OOWNQRADE TS to f I °^ ' ' ° 
° '° I ) S or ( J c 



1. ^H^^ ENTIRE TEXT) . 

2. SUMMARY: DURING. AN' ' APRIL 19 MEETING WITH SOVIET 
MINISTER OF CULTUREL^lJD CANDIDATE POLITBURO MEMBER PETR 
DEMICHEV, THE AHBASiSADOH EMPHASIZED . THE IMPORTANCE OF 
SOVIET ACTIONS ON POLAND AND AFGHANISTAN IK CREATING ' " 
THE NEGATIVE CLIMATE OF U.S. -SOVIET RELATIONS. DEMICHEV 
RESPONDED BY SAYING WE SHOULD NOT "WASTE TIME AND 
POLEMICS ON THIRD-RATE PROBLEMS" SUCH AS AFGHANISTAN 

AND POLAND TO THE DETRIMENT OF ARMS CONTROL. HE REPEATED 
THE SOVIET LINE THAT MARTIAL LAW HAD SAVED POLAND PROM A 
CIVIL WAR AND THAT STATEMENTS OF SOVIET INTERFERENCE IN 
THAT.CCmNTRY'S AFFAIRS WERE ABSURD. HE DEFINED THE 



MOSCOW 04817 01 OP 02 2li556Z 




PAGE 02 



SOVIET INTEREST IK APGHANISTAM AS "SOVIET SECHHITY," 
DESCRIBED THE EFFORT THERE AS "COSTLY," AND SAID THAT 
SOVIET TROOPS WOULD BE WITHDRAWN AS SOON AS THERE 'WERE 
GUARANTEES OF BORDER SECURITY FROM PAKISTAN AND IRAN 
THAT HALTED CROSS-BORDER ACTIONS AGAINST THE AFGHAN 
GOVERNMENT. DURING THE CONVERSATION, DEMICHEV SHOWED 
HIMSELF TO BE A SPRIGHTLY CONVERSATIONALIST WHO SEEMED 
TO ENJOY THE EXCHANGE, BUT HIS STANDARD RESPOlJSES DID 
NOT SUGGEST HE CARRIED MUCH WEIGHT IN THE POLICY PROCESS. 

PAGE NO. 



w.mm 



TEXT OF TELEGRKS 821fOSCOW004817 



END SUMMSJtY. 

3. IN ADDITION TO THE BRIEF KSIftHKS NOTED EEFTEL ON 
A REAGJUi-BREZHNEV SUKHIT AND A DISCUSSION ON CULTURAL 
ISSUES (SEPTEL) , DEHICHEV USED THE AHBasSADOR'S C0URTES3f 
CALL as AN OPPORTUNITY TO EXCHANGE VIEWS ON CURRENT 
IHTERNATIOKAL ISSUES. THE AMBASSADOR EMPHASIZED TO 
DEHICHEV THE IMPORTANCE OF SOVIET ACTIONS AND THEIR 
EFFECT ON U.S. PUBLIC OPINION IN THE FORMATION OF U.S. 
FOREIGN POLICX. HE NOTED IN PARTICULAR THAT THERE WAS 

A GENUINE FEELING OF ANSBR AND DISILLltSIONMENT IN THE 
U.S. ABOUT SOVIET ACTIONS IN POLAND AND AFGHANISTAN. 
HE SAID THAT THE UNITED STATES HAD NOT CHEATED THESE 
PROBLEMS, THE SOVIETS HAD, AMD WE NEEDED TO TALK ABOUT 
THESE ISSUES TO SEE IF A WAY COULD BE FOUND TO ALLOW 
THE POLES AND THE AFGHANS TO RESOLVE THEIR PROBLEMS 
WITHOUT OUTSIDE INTERFERENCE. 

4. DEHICHEV RESPONDED THAT THE WEST SHOULD LOOK DEEPLY 

INTO THE SITUATION IN POLAND. IF IT DID SO, IT WOULD 
BE .GRATEFUL FOR THE IMPOSITION OF MARTIAL LAW WHICH 
SAVED THE COUNTRY FROM A CIVIL WAR THAT COULD HAVE 
DEVELOPED INTO A EUROPEAN AND WORLDWIDE CONFRONTATION. 
HE ARGUED THAT LABELLING SOVIET PUBLIC STATEMENTS ON 



PAGE 03 . MOSCOW 04817 01 OF -02 2115562 

THE POLISH SITUATION AS "INTERFERENCE" WAS ABSURD. THE 
SOVIETS, HE AVERRED, DID NOT ENDANGER THE BILATERAL 
RELATIONSHIP OVER DIFFERENCES ON U.S. INVOLVEMENT IN 
..-VIETNAM, NOR DID IT CHARGE PHESIMINT REAGAN WITH 
''INTERFERENCE IN MEXICAN AFFAIIJS'JffiEN HE MET WITH LOPEZ 
PORTILLO OR ATTACK SECRETARY HAIG FOR HIS CURRENT ROUND 
OF VISITS TO LONDON AND BUENOS AIRES. HE SAID THAT THE 
WEST WOULD UNDERSTAND THAT IT W2iS CONTHAHY TO ITS , ■ 

INTERESTS TO CUT OFF ECONOMIC AID TO POLAND SINCE 
THIS WOULD ONLY EMBITTER THE POLES, HE NOTED THAT 
HE HAD BEEN IN SCANDINAVIA SHORTLY BEFORE DECEMBER 13 
AND THE ONLY CONCERN THAT HE HAD HEARD WAS THAT SOVIET 
TROOPS SHOULD NOT ENTER POLAND, WHICH OF COURSE, THEY 
HAD NOT- - - - 

5. OK AFGHANISTAN, DEHICHEV SAID THAT IT HAD BEEN 
CLEAR FROM THE BEGINNING THAT THE SOVIET SIDE WOULD 
WITHDRAW ITS TROOPS AS SOON AS GUARANTEES OF BORDER 
SECURITY WITH PAKISTAN AND IRAN WERE IN PLACE TO 
ENSURE THAT THE CROSS-BORDER OPERATIONS AGAINST THE 
AFGHAN GOVERNMENT FROM THESE COUNTRIES WAS STOPPED. 
THE ISSUE AT STAKE, HE CONTINUED, IS SOVIET SECURITY 
AND THAT IS THE ONLY ISSUE. THERE CAN BE NP QUESTION 
OF ANY OTHER SOVIET INTEREST "iN AFGHANISTAN, A SMALL 
AND POOR COUNTRY WITHOUT RESOURCES. HE ADDED THAT THE 
SOVIET EFFORT THERE IS COSTLY AND THE USSR DERIVES NO 

PAGE 



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TEXT OF TELEGRAH 82MOSOOW004817 



ECSDNOKIC BEHEFIT FROM IT. 

6. 'neither POLAND NOR AFGHAHISTSN, HE SAID, SHOULD 
STAND IN THE WAY OF RESOLVING LARSER PROBLEMS SUCH 
AS THAT OF STRATEGIC ARMS LIMITATION. IT WAS FOOLISH 
TO WASTE TIME AND POLEMICS OK THIRD-RATE PROBLEMS SUCH 
AS AFGHANISTAN AND POLAND TO THE DETRIMENT OP THE" HOST 



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. , iCUSSIFi 

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XBXT OFTELESRAS 82HOSCOtfO04817 



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P 2115512 APR 82 

FM AHEHBRSSS MOSCOW 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC ' PRIORITY 3946 

INFO &MCONSUL LENINGRAD 

AMEMBASSY WARSAW 

AMEHBASSY ISLAMABAD 

AMEMBASSY KABUL 



SECTION 02 OF 02 MOSCOW 04817 



IMPORTANT PROBLEM OF AHMS CONTROL. DOING SO WOULD 
RESULT IN OUR NOT SOLVING THE HAIK PROBLEM AND ALSO 
FAILING TO DEAL SUCCESSFULLY WITH THE WHOLE RANGE OF 
SHALLER PROBLEMS DIVIDING OUR TWO COUNTRIES. DEHICHEV 
CONTINUED THAT IT WAS UNFORTUNATE THAT PEOPLE IN THE 
U.S. WERE NOW REEXAMINING THE SALT-II AGREEMENT. WHICH 
HAD AMONG OTHER THINGS CALLED FOR LOWER AHMS LEVELS. 
THERE WAS NOT A SINGLE ELEMENT OF THE SALT-II TREATY 
THAT WAS NOT BENEFICIAL TO THE U.S. IT. WAS THE 
UNDERSTANDING FROM THE BEGINNING OF THE SALT TALKS, 
HE CLAIMED, THAT THE PROCESS WOULD BE INCBEMEHTAL. 
THE QUESTIONS OF LOWER LEVELS WOULD BE EXAMINED IN THE 
SALT-III NEGOTIATIONS, AFTER SALT-II HAD BEEN CONCLUDED 
AND RATIFIED. HOWEVER, THE SOVIET UNION HAS REPEATEDLY 
MADE KNOWN ITS WILLINGNESS TO SIT DOWN AND NEGOTIATE 
ANY ASMS CONTROL PROPOSAL, AS THE U.S. WAS WELL AWARE. 



7. AMBASSADOR HARTMAN REPLIED THAT HE WAS CERTAIN THE 
U.S. WOULD BE IN A POSITION TO BEGIN NEGOTIATIONS ON' 
START^ AFTER THE PRESIDENT'S VISIT TO. EUROPE IN JUNE, 



MOSCOW 04817 02 OP 02 2115572 



PAGE 02 



WHEN HE WILL HAVE THE CHANCE TO CONSULT WITH OUR ALLIES. 
HE EMPHASIZED, HOWEVER, THAT THE U.S. PRESIDENT MUST 
HAVE THE SUPPORT OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE FOR ALL OF HIS 
FOREIGN POLICY, NOT JUST FOR ONE ELEMENT OF IT LIKE 
ARKS CONTROL. THUS, ISSUES SUCH AS POLAND AND 
AFGHANISTAN WOULD HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED PARALLEL TO AND 
IN RELATION WITH ARMS CONTROL. 



8. 



FOLLOWING THE DISCUSSION OF CULTURAL AND POLITICAL 

PAGE HO. 



iiCtHSSIFIED 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM a2HOSCSDW004817 



ISSUES, DISCUSSION TURNED TO A GENERAL, PHILOSOPHICAL 
TREATMENT OF THE PROBLEMS OF THE SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL 
REVOLUTION AND ITS IHPACT ON WORLD EVENTS. DEMICHEV 
SHOWED A BRISK INTEREST, AND AT LEAST SUPEHFICIAL 
BOfOWLEDGE, ON SUCH VARIED SUBJECTS AS ROBOTICS, AUTOHA- 
TION, THE WORK OF AMERICAN FUTUROLOGISTS, THE PROBLEMS 
OF UNDER-DEVELOPMENT, AND THE DIFFICULTIES OF IMMIGRANT 
WORKERS IK WESTERN EUROPii. HE SPOKE WITH PLEASURE 
ABOUT HIS LAST VISIT TO THE U.S. AND IN SOME DETAIL 
ABOUT HIS MEETING WITH ZBIGNIEW BRZEZINSKI AT A DINNER 
HOSTED DOBRZNIH. SEVERAL TIMES HE USED BRZEZINSKI 'S 
NEOLOGISM "TECHHETRbNIC." AND HE SAID HE HAD ANSWERED 
A QUESTION BY BRZEZINSKI ON SOVIET-CHINESE RELATIONS 
BY SAYING THAT ULTIMATELY THE BORDER BETWEEN THEM 
WOULD DISAPPEAR AND THERE WOULD THEN BE NO PROBLEM. . 

9. COMMENT: DEMICHEV APPEARED HEALTHS, ANIMATED, AND 
IN GOOD FORM. HIS REMARKS WERE STANDARD, BUT HE SHOWED 
A SPRIGHTLINESS OF INTELLECT RASE WITHIN THE SOVIET 

LEADERSHIP. HE SPOKE THROUGH AN INTERPRETER, BUT HE 
DEMONSTRATED AT LEAST SOME KNOWLEDGE OF ENGLISH, AT ONE 
POINT USING THE WORD "NONSENSE." DEMICHEV SEEMED TO 
ENJOY THE CONVERSATION, AND PROLONGED IT LONG AFTER IT 
iD GOTTEN BEyoiro THE PURVIEW OF HIS MINISTRY'S 



PAGE 03 MOSCaaW 04817 02 OF 02 211557Z 

RESPONSIBILITY. IT IS DIFFICULT TO TELL WHETHER THIS 
BROAD RANGE OF INTERESTS SUGGESTS ADDITIONAL RESPONSI- 
BILITIES WITHIN THE POLITBURO OR WHETHER IT MEANS HE 
SIMPLY DOESN'T HAVE ENOUGH TO DO. WE WOULD GUESS THAT. 
THE LATTER INTERPRETATION IS CLOSER TO THE TRUTH. 
HARTHAN 



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TEXT OF TELEQRaH 82HOSa}W00047g 



PAGE 01 MOSCOW 00479 01 OF 02 141625Z 
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H 141621Z JAN 82 
7M AMEKBASSY HOSCOW 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 0750 

INFO AMCONSUL LENINGRAD 

k-SECTION 01 OF 02 KOSCXDW 00479 

E.O. 12055: GDS 1/14/88 (MCCAIA, SHEEHOD) OH-P 
TAGS 5 PEPR, SHUH, UR, US 

SUBJECT: SOVIET JOURNALIST PESSIMISTIC ON U.S. -USSR 

PROSPECTS 



1-J 



ENTIRE TEXT. 



2. SUMMARY: WELL-CONNECTED IZVESTIXA COMMENTATOR 
ALEKSANDR BOVIN SH0V7ED HIS BEST PROPAGANDISTIC .. . 
STYLE IN TAKING AN EXTREMELY PESSIMISTIC VIEW OF 
PROSPECTS FOR IMPROVED U.S. -SOVIET RELATIONS DURING 

A RECENT CONVERSATION WITH CODEL GEJDENSON. HE 

ARGUED THAT THE U.S. STUBBORNLY REFUSES TO RECOGNIZE THAT 

PARITY WITH THE USSR EXISTS, AND 'THAT POLAND WAS BUT' 

ANOTHER EXAMPLE OF THE DOUBLE STANDARD USED IN 

JUDGING SOVIET ACTIONS. HE REFUSED TO BE DRAWN INTO • - 

A SUBSTANTIVE DISCUSSION ON JEWISH EMIGRATION, 

DISCLAIMING ANY INTEREST IN OR KNOWLEDGE OF THE 

SUBJECT. HIS SUBSEQUENT I2VESTIYA COLUMN CONTAINED 

SEVERAL OF THE POINTS HE MADE DURING THE PRIVATE TALKS. 

END SUMMARY. 

3. DURING AN INFORMAL CONVERSATION WITH MEMBERS OF 
CODEL GEJDENSON AND EMBOFF, IZVESTIYA POLITICAL 



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PAGE 02 



MOSCOW 00479 01 OF 02 141625Z 



OBSERVER AND TELEVISION COMMENTATOR ALEKSANDR BOVIN 
SOUGHT TO CONVEY A SENSE OF DEEP PESSIMISM OVER THE 
PROSPECTS FOR THE FUTURE OF U.S. -SOVIET RELATIONS. 
THE U.S. REACTION — "ALMOST HYSTERICAL" — TO MARTIAL 
LAW IN POLAND WAS ONLY THE LATEST IN A SERIES OF STEPS 
BY THIS AND PREVIOUS ADMINISTRATIONS TO DISMANTLE THE. 
GAINS OF DETENTE. IK HIS VIEW, IT WILL NOT BE EASY, 
AND MAY BE IMPOSSIBLE, TO IMPROVE RELATIONS NOW THAT 
THE "EXTREME RIGHT" CONTROLS U.S. FOREIGN POLICY, EVEN 



PAGE HO. 




TBSr OF XELEGSAH 82HOSC!OW000479 



DOWN TO THE "SECONDARY ECHELON" OF GOVERNHEHT. WHEN 

THE CODEL POINTED OUT THAT THE PRESIDENT'S POLICY SEEMS 
TO ENJOY BIPARTISAN SUPPORT, BOVIN ACCEPTED THE POINT, 
BUT REPLIED THAT WILL MAKE IT ALL THE MORE DIFFICULT 
TO REVERSE THE PRESENT TREND IN RELATIONS. 

4- BRUSHING -SIDE REJOINDERS THAT SOVIET ACTIONS 
(HASSIVn' MILITARY EXPENDITURES, POLAND, AFGHANISTAN) 
HAD ONLY NATURALLY PRECIPITATED A RESPONSE, HE SAID 
THE REASONS FOR CURRENT U.S. BEHAVIOR ARE DEEPER. 
THE CUEJRENT ADMINISTRATION CAHE TO POWER AGAINST THE 
BACKGROUND OF A PSYCHOLOGY THAT YEARNED FOR A HAPPIER 
TIME WHEN THE U.S. WENT UNCHALLENGED IN THE WORLD. 
HOW THAT THE USSR HAS CAUGHT UP AND APPHOXIHATE 
PARITY EXISTS, THE U.S. REFUSES TO ACCEPT THIS STATE 
OF AFFAIRS. PARITY IS SEEN AS INFERIORITY. BEFORE 
RELATIONS CAN BE IMPROVED, AMERICANS MUST LEARN TO 
TAKE THE USSR'S INTERESTS INTO ACCOUNT. ALSO, THE 
U.S. MUST STOP LOOKING FOR MOSCOW'S HAND BEHIND ALL 
EVENTS IN THE WORLD (POLAND, GUATEMALA, NICARAGUA, 
ANGOLA) - THE U.S. SETS TWO DIFFERENT STANDARDS BY ' 
WHICH TO JUDGE AMERICAN AND SOVIET BEHAVIOR- THIS 
IS INTOLERABLE. SOVIETS ARE UNHAPPY WITH U.S. POLICY 
IN THE KIDDLE EAST, SOUTH AFRICA, LATIN AHEHICA, BUT 



PAGE 03 MOSCOW 00479 01 OF 02 141625Z - - 

DO NOT RESORT TO EXTREME MEASURES SUCH AS SANCTIONS. 
CURRENT U.S. POLICY IS . TOO^ IDEOLOGICAL AND INFLEXIBLE ' 
TO BE EFFECTIVE IN DEALING WITH A POWER LIKE THE SOVIET' ' 
.UNION. MOSCOW, BE SAID, .WILL NEVER GIVE IN TO PRESSURE, 
AND IN FACT, ATTEMPTS TO USE PRESSURE ONLY STIFFEN' 
SOVIET RESOLVE. - 

ON POLAND, HE PROFESSED NOT TO UNDERSTAND U.S. MOTIVES. 
IF THE U.S. WERE TO BE CONSISTENT IN INVOKING SANCTIONS 
BECAUSE OF MARTIAL LAW, THEN WHY DOES IT SUPPORT THE 
CHILEAN AND SOUTH AFRICAN REGUfES. HE SAID HE COULD 
ONLY CONCLUDE THAT THERE IS A DIFFERENT PRINCIPLE THAN 
CONCERN OVER HUMAN RIGHTS AT WORK IN SHAPING U.S. 
FOREIGN POLICY. 

5. HE FLATLY REFUSED TO BE DRAWN INTO A SUBSTANTIVE 
CONVERSATION ON THE ISSUE OF JEWISH EMIGRATION. IT WAS 

not his area and he knew nothing about the batter, he 
claimed. "i myself say that whoever wants to go should 
go. but we have a democratic system here and i ah ik 
the minority." when shcharanski was brought up, he 
asked where he was ("in the west?") and disclaimed any 
knowledge of the case. emigration policy, he maintained, 
Was an internal soviet' matter, although he admitted that' 
some in the west saw a link. however, he said, increased 
emigration does not lead to improved u.s. -soviet 

PAGE NO. 



USED 



TEXT OF TELEGRAH e2}IOSCOtfO00479 




RELATIONS. IT IS THE OTHER WSI AROUND, CITING THE 

EXPERIENCE OF THE KID '10' S. 

5. MANY OF THESE SAME THEMES CAME THROUGH IN BOVIN'S 
SUBSEQUENT JANUARY 9 IZVESTIYA ARTICLE, "FARCE INSTEAD 
OF POLICY," WHICH HE HAD TOLD THE CODEL WAS 




NNH 




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TEXT OF TELEtSRAH 821!OSCX)M000479 



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FH AMEHBASSY HOSCOW 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 0751 
INFO AlICONSUL LENINGRAD 



SS-10 CIAE-00 DODE-00 
L-03 TBSB-OO PM-09 
SP-02 SPSS-a2 /063 W 
062317 142009Z /43 



H-01 
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'^SECTION 02 OF 02 KOSCX)W 00479 

"UNCHARACTERISTICALLY NASTY," BUT WHICH REFLECTED HIS 
PESSIHISH. (A THIRD. SOURCE TOLD US BOVIN SAID HE 
WAS "FORCED" TO WRITE THE ARTICLE.) MUCH OF THE 
ARTICLE WAS DEVOTED TO A POINTED, IF STANDARD, 
REBUKE OF THE U.S. FOR INTERFERING IN POLAND'S 
INTERNAL AFFAIRS, BUT IT ALSO WAS ROUNDLY CRITICAL 
OF U.S. POLICY. IN GENERAL' AND HUMAN RIGHTS IN 
PARTICULAR. 

MAIN POINTS OF THE ARTICLE FOLLOW: 

— THE U.S. IS BEHAVING AS THOUGH POLAND WERE THE ONLY 
INTERNATIONAL ISSUE OP IMPORTANCE. 

— ONE COULD PERHAPS UNDERSTAND, IF NOT AGREE WITH, U.S. 
CONCERNS OVER IRAN OR SALVADOR, WHERE THE U.S. WAS 
ACCUSTOMED TO ITS DOMINANCE, BUT THE U.S. HAS NO C01O3ON 
BORDER WITH POLAND AND "THERE ARE NOT AND HAVE NOT 
BEEN ANY KIND OF AHERICAN INTERESTS" IN THAT COUNTRY. 

— U.S. HUMAN RIGHTS POLICY, "UNFORTUNATELY," IS "A 

CYNICAL AND DISHONEST FARCE." IF THE U.S. WERE TRULY 
CONCERNED ABOUT HUMAN RIGHTS, WHY ARE SANCTIONS NOT 
PROPOSED AGAINST CHILE, SOUTH AFRICA, AND THE LIKE. 
IN FACT, "IF THE AMERICANS WERE HONEST," THEY WOULD 
gEyEAL THAT THEY SIMPLY WERE OPPOSED TO A SOCIALIST . - 



PAGE 02 HOSCOW 00479 02 OF 02 141626Z 

POLAND. INSTEAD, THE U.S. IS USING "DEMAGOGIC 
ANNOUNCEMENTS" ABOUT POLAND'S AFFAIRS THAT ARE INTENDED 
TO DISTRACT ATTENTION FROM THE U.S. 'S OWN INTERFERENCE " 
IN CENTRAL AMERICA, SOUTH AFRICA, AND THE MIDDLE EAST 

IN ITS "WAR FOR RESOURCES." 

— THE U.S. HAS BEEN ONLY PARTLY SUCCESSFUL IN GETTING 
EUROPEAN BACKING ON POLAND. WESTERN EUROPE REALIZES 
THAT SANCTIONS AND THREATS ARE NOT A POLICY AND THEY 

PAGE NO. 




TEXT OF TELESSAH 82KOSC0U000479 



WILL HAVE NO IMPACT OK POLAND OR THE USSR. 

7. THE JiRTICLE CLOSES WITH LENGTHY QUOTES FilOH 
TWO RECENT ARTICLES BY GEORGE KfilfNAN WHICH TAKE 
U.S. POL ICS- TOWARDS THE USSR TO TASK AS BEING 
SUBJECTIVE, INCORRECT, AND EVEN DANGEROUS IN "PERVERTING 
THE CHARACTER AND POSITION OF ANOTHER GREAT PEOPLE." 
HARTHAN 



mimm 



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umsiBEO 



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P 061539Z JAN 82 
FM AMEHBASSY MOSCOW 
TO SECSIATE WASKDC PRXORIT2 
INFO USICa WASHDC 0516 
AKEMBASSY BELGRADE 
AMEMBASSY BERLIN 
AKEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AKEMBASSY BUCHAREST 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
AKEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY PRAGUE 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY SOFIA " " 

nSMISSION USNATO" " 



-172143 061558Z /52 



DE^RTMENT OF STATU 



'.ODE-GO 
TRSE-00 
SPRS-02 



RELEASE ( ) DECLASSfFY 
{ ) EXCISE { } E»ECLASSIFV 

( J DELETE Non- Responsive Info 

FOIA Exempttorw 

PA Exemption* ' 



S/FPC/CBR 



Kft Cuas Only: 
EO Citations 



{ ) CLASSrFY as 




IS authority to. 

{ ) S or ( ) c 



( ) DOWNGIRAOE TS to ( ) s or ( ) C 



r SECT ION 01 OF 02 MOSCOW 00139 
BRUSSELS ALSO FOR USEC 
E.O. 12065:, N/A 

TAGS: EAGR, PEPR, PROP, UR, US, PL 

SUBJECT: SOVIET WEEKLY BLASTS US FOOD AID POLICY 
AND "INTERFERENCE" IM POLAND'S AFFAIRS - 
REPORT NO. 65 

SUMMARY; "FOOD AND BLACKMAIL" ALLEGES SYSTEMATIC 



PAGE 02 



MOSCOW 00139 01 OF 02 061546Z 



U.S. USE OF FOOD ASSISTANCE AS A WEAPON IN THE INTER- 
FERENCE OF OTHER COUNTRIES, ESPECIALLY POLAND. THIS 
REVIEW IN EKONOHICHESKAYA GAZETA JANUARY 6 ARGUES 
THAT "WHEN COUNTERREVOLUTION TOOK CHARGE IM AUGUST 
1980," THE U.S. RUSHED TO ASSERT ITS FRIENDSHIP WITH 
THE POLISH PEOPLE, EXTEND CREDITS, SELL GRAIN AND 
OTHER COMMODITIES AND CALL FOR NON-INTERFERENCE- IN 
THE INTERNAL Af FAIRS OF THAT COUNTRY. BUT WHEN 
"THE LEGAL GOVERNMENT OF POLAND TOOK THE DECISION 



PAGE 



TEXT OF TELEfSBKS 82HOSCOW000139 



TO CHECK COUNTEHHEVOLUTIOM," THE U.S. CUT FOOD SALES 
AND SUSPENDED PREVIOUSLY CX3KCLUDED ECOKOHIC AGREE- 
MENTS. IN ADDITION TO GfiOSSL^ DISTORTING THE 
CHAEACTER OF U.S. SANCTIONS AGAINST POLAND, THIS 
ARTICLE FALSIFIES THE ENTIRE POST-WAR HISTORY OP 
U.S. FOOD AND ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE TO OTHER 
COUNTRIES. ALSO HISSING, IS AN? STATE- 
MENT CONCERNING SOVIET POSTWAR FOOD AID TO POLAND 
OR ANY OTHER COUNTRY. END SHMHAEY. 

2. EKONOHICHESKAYA GAZETA JANUARY 6 (NO. 2) CARRIES 
a LONG REVIEW OF U.S. FOOD POLICY ENTITLED "FOOD 
AND BLACKMAIL" BY V. POLYAKOV. AFTER DISCUSSING 
VARIOUS FORMS OF U.S. "INTERFERENCE", THE ARTICLE 
OBSERVES THAT "THE IMPERIALISTS OF THE USA USE ALL 
FORMS OF PRESSURE ON SOVEREIGN GOVERNMENTS, 
INCLUDING ECONOMIC BLOCKADE, SANCTIONS AND EMBARGOES. 
ATTEMPTING TO ASSERT ITS SUPREMACY OVER ONE OR 
ANOTHER COUNTRY, THE U.S. HAS USED FOOD AS A WEAPON 
OF BLACKMAIL AND PRESSURE." TO SUBSTANTIATE HIS 
CLAIM, POLYAKOV. .GROSSLY DISTORTS U.S. FOOD POLICY 
SINCE WWII, REFERRING IN DETAIL TO ALLEGED BLOCKADES, 
SANCTIONS AND OTHEH FORMS OF INTERFERENCE IN 
GUATEMALA (1951) , CUBA (1959) , CHILE (1970) , 



PAGE 03 MOSCOW 00139 01 OF 02 06154eZ 

IRAN (1978-79) , AND NICARAGUA (1979) . (NOTE! HE 
OMITS THE 19B0 GRAIN EMBARGO AND OLYMPIC BOYCOTT " . 
FROM HIS REVIEW.) 

3. POLYAKOV ATTACKS U.S. FOOD POLICY. TOWARD POLAND, 
WHICH HE CALLS "UNPARALLELED DUPLICITY AND HYPROCISY.' 
"IN AUGUST 1980 WHEN COUNTERREVOLUTION TOOK CHARiSE ' 
IN POLAND, THE U.S. ADMINISTRATION SUDDENLY BECAME 
ENAMORED OF THE POLISH PEOPLE, CALLED ON ITS 
ALLIES TO EXTEND CREDITS TO POLAND, TO SELL GRAIN 
AND NEEDED COMMODITIES, AND CALLED FOR KON INTER-' 
FERENCE IK THE INTERNAL AFFAIRS OF POLAND." BUT 
THE "NORMALIZATION" OF THE SITUATION IN POIAND 
(I.E., THE DECLARATION OF MARTIAL LAW) "DID NOT 
FIT INTO THE PLMS OF THE AMERICAN ADMINISTRATION." 
SANCTIONS RESULTED WHICH THE POLISH PRESS HAS 
LABELED PROVOCATORY ACTS AND GROSS INTERFERENCE 
IN THE INTERNAL AFFAIRS OF A SOVEREIGN COUNTRY. 
IN SO DOING, CONTINUES POLYAKOV, "THE PRESIDENT 
FORGOT THAT OTHER SOVEREIGN GOVERNMENTS EXIST IN 
THE WORLD BESIDES THE USA, THAT THESE HAVE THE 
RIGHT TO DECIDE THEIR OWN FATE, (AND ALSO) THAT 
RESPECT OF THIS SOVEREIGNTY IS AH ELEMENTARY 
OBLIGATION OF EVERY POLICY, ESPECIALLY OP' THE 
LEADER OF A GOVERNMENT, WHICH MAKES STATEMENTS 
ABOUT FRIENDLY RELATIONS TOWARD POLAND." 



icussro 



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rSEXT 07 TELEGEUO! 82H0SCOW00013g 



mSSIFlEO 

4. COMMENT: PREDICTABLY, THE AUTHOR GROSSLY DISTORTS 
THE CHARACTER OF U.S. FOOD AID AND SALES POLICY SINCE 
WWII AND OMITS ANY CONTRAST WITH SOVIET POLICY, 
EVEN WITH RESPECT TO POLAND, THE ONE CASE EN WHICH 
THE SOVIETS COULD CLAIH THAT THEY HAVE BEEN "GENEROUS." 
THE PftlLUHE TO BRAG ABOUT AID TO. POLAND PROB'ILY 
REFLECTS THE UNPOPULARITY OP THAT AIDf REFERENCES 



NNN 



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ADPOlO 



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P 061539Z JAN 82 

FM AMSMBASSY MOSCOW 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITS 0509 

INFO USICA WASHDC 0517 

AHEMBASSS BELGIiADE 

AHEHBASSY BERLIN 

AMEHBASSy BONN 

AMEHBASSY BRUSSELS 

AMEMBASSy BUCHAREST 

AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 

AMEMBASSY LONDON 

AHEHBASSY PARIS . 

AHEHBASSy PRAGUE 

AMEMBASSY ROME 

AMEMBASSY SOFIA 

USMISSION USNATO 



'SECTION 02 OF 02 MOSCOW 00139 

BRUSSELS ALSO FOR USEC ' ■ ' 

TO IT HAVE FREQUENTLY BEEN EXCISED BY SOVIET CENSORS 
FROM POLISH STATEMENTS ON THE SUBJECT. END COMKBHT. 



5. DEPT. PASS WARSAW AS DESIRED. HARTKAN 



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0 021154Z JAK 82 2FF-4 
FH AHEHBASSX MOSCOW 
TO SECSTATB WflSHDC IHMEDIATE 0431 
INFO USICA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0496 
AMEMBASSy WARSAW PRIORITY 
AHEMBASS? BELSEADE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BEIJING PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BONN PRIORITY. . 
AHEMBASSY BUDAPEST PRIORITY 
AHEKBASSy BUCHAREST PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN PRIOHIT! 
AMEMBASSY LONDON PRIORITY 
AHEKBASSY . PARIS PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY PRAGUE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY ROME PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY SOFIA PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY TOKYO PRIORITY 
USHISSION USNATO PRIORITY 
TISMISSIOH USBERLIN PRIORITY 
USNMR SHAPE BE PRIORITY 
USCINCEUB VAIHIMGEN GE PRIORITY 
AMCONSUL LENINGRAD PRIORITY 
AMCONSUL MUNICH PRIORITY .. 



_DEPAf;TMENT OF R TA-nT 
(■') f?ELEASE Ti^ 
< ) EXCISE 

PA Exemptions " .. . " 



tn DECLASSIFY 
{ ) DECUSSIFY 



n Cases Onlu- '/ . 



MR Cases Only 
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J ! ) CLASSIFY as ~ TTr ^ •uthority 

IC lOOWNQRADETSlot H^H^ 



9303^3 



^SECTION 01 OF 03 MOSCOW 00003 

E.O. 12065: GDS 01/02/88 (COURTNEY, WILLIAM H) OH-P 
TAGS: PEPR, PL, UR 



FAQE 02 



MOSCOW 00003 01 OF 03 021213Z 



SUBJECT: 



SOVIET COMMENTARY ON POLAND, JANUARY 2, 
REPORT NO. 60 



1982: 



REFi HC^CQW 00001 

1. ,. ^I^P SUMMARY: .SOVIET COVERAGE , OF EVENTS .IN 
POLAND JANUARY 2 "IS LIMITED TO' A REPORT OF A VISIT' 
TO THE POLISH ARMY, WHERE POLISH SOLDIERS ARE JOINING 
THE PARTY AND FULFILLING THEIR DUTIES. SOVIET 




PAGE NO. 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 82HOSCOWOP0003 



CDHMBNTftRY OK THE U.S. SANCTIOMS CDSTINUES TO 
PORTRAY THEH AS A FAILURE OF AMERICAN POLICY, 
HICJHLIGfHTING THE ALLEGED HARM THEY WILL BRING TO 
THE AHERICRN ECONOMY AND THE NATO ALLIANCE. 
ALEKSANDR BOVIN, IN AN IZVESTIYA COMHENTARY, WONDERS 
V7HEN THE U.S. WILL LEARN THAT ITS POLICIES ARE AS . 
DANGEROUS TO ITSEf " AS TO OTHERS, AND RECOHKITS 
THE USSR TO A "CONSTRUCTIVE" POLICY IN 1982. 
IRONICALLY, BY STRESSING THE ECONOMIC DAMAGE TBE 
SANCTIONS WILL SUPPOSEDLY CAUSE IN AMERICA, SOVIET 
PROPAGANDISTS HAY HEIGHTEN THEIR OWN CITIZENS' 
PERCEPTIONS OF THE HARSHNESS OF THESE SANCTIONS. 
END SUMMARY. 

2. ?^VDA JANUAKY 2 CONTAINS A REPORT FROM 

OLEG LOSOTO IN WARSAW ON A VISIT TO POLISH TROOPS 
DURING THE HOLIDAYS. BESIDES RECEIVING HOLIDAY 

GREETINGS AND BEST WISHES FROK POLISH CIVILIANS, 
THE TROOPS ARE FULL OF CONFIDENCE AND A SENSE OF 
RESPONSIBILITY- THE NUMBER OF OFFICERS WHO HAVE 
BEEN ACCEPTED INTO THE PZPS HAS INCREASED. ONE. 
OFFICER, ASKED WHY HE JOINED THE PARTY, SAYS HE 
WANTED TO BELONG TO "THOSE WHO HAVE FOUGHT AMD 
FOR THE INTERESTS OF THE POLISH 



PAGE 03 MOSCOW 00003 01 OF 03 0212132 

PEOPLE." IN SHORT, THE POLISH ARMY IS IN GOOD 
CONDITION, IT "FIRMLY SERVES THE INTERESTS, OF THE 
PEOPLE AND SOCIALISM, AND "CARRIES OUT ITS DUTY TO 
THE END." 

3. flH| IZVESTIYA COKMEHTATOR ALEKSANDR BOVIN 
TAKE^^JeW YEAR'S LOOK FORWARD AND BACK ON THE PAGES 
OF IZVESTIYA JANUARY 1, SAYING 1981 WAS A DISTURBING 

•YEAR, LARGELY BECAUSEQF U.S. POLICY, AND THAT 1982 
IS NOT LIKELY TO BE LESS SO, UNLESS WASHINGTON 
UNDERSTANDS THAT ITS BEHAVIOR TOWARD THE SOVIET UNION 
AND OTHER COUNTRIES IS FRAUGHT WITH DANGER. IN AN 
J ARTICLE MORE REFLECTIVE AND LESS "ANALYTICAL" THAN 
'ARBATOV'S PRAVDA PIECE (REF A), BOVIN PUTS ALL THE 
BLAME ON THE U.S. FOR CURRENT TENSIONS OVER POLAND, 
AND PLEDGES THAT THE USSR WILL OPPOSE THE "OPPONENTS 
OF DETENTE" WITH "CLEAR AND CONSTRUCTIVE POSITIONS" 
ON THE WHOLE SPECTRUM OF WORLD ISSUES - 

4. BOVIN HAKES THE NOW STANDARD POINT THAT 
U.S. FOREIGN POLICY BEGAN TO CHANGE DURING THE 
CARTER ADMINISTRATION, ALLEGEDLY BECAUSE OF A 
TRUMi^ED-UP SOVIET THREAT, BUT REALLY, ACCORDING TO 
BOVIN, ON ACCOUNT OF "POLITICSiL FAILURES AND SOCIAL 
CHANGES" WHICH CAUSED THE "HOST RIGHT WING, 
CONSERVATIVE" SEGMENT OF THE AMERICAN RULING CLASS 



UitULHUUll 




mm 

PAGE KQ. 2 



TEXT OF TELEGRM 82HOSCXJW000003 



TO REACT. ALTHOUGH, BOVIN SAJS, THE "LOGICAL" OOHESE 

WOULD HAVE BEEN FOR THE U.S. TO ACCEPT THAT "THE_ 
WORLD WAS NOT DEVELOPING ACCORDING TO AMERICAN 
PLANS," A "CHAUVINISTIC WAVE" DROWNED OUT THE "SOBER 
VOICES," AND THE SOVIET UNION WAS BLAKED FOB ALL THE 
AMERICAN REVERSES FROM VIETNAM TO IRAN. ON THE BASIS 
OF SUCH A '-PHIKITIVE PHILOSOPHY," WASHIHGTON SET A 
COUSriE OF 'XHYING TO JiCHIEVE MILITAHI SUPEBIOHITY 



iOUSSIRED 



NNN 



■ y 



PAGE NO. 3 



as SELEGSAH 82HOSCX}W000003 



icinssreo 



PAGE 01 
aCTIOK EUR-12 



MOSCOW 00003 02 OF 03 021214Z 



OCT-00 " 
DODE-OD 

HA- 06 

SIL-01 

ICAE-OO 



ADS-OO 

H-01 

L-03 

INRE-00 

SP-02 



IKR-10 
10-15 

IJiB-04 
SMS-01 
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PM-09 
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/136 W 



EB~08 EA-IO 

CXJHE-OO SSO-00 

Pi-01 STR-13 

RP-10 aCDA-12 



0 021154Z JAN 82 ZFf^4 

FH AHBHBASS; MOSCOW 

TO SECSTATE HASHDC IHHEDIATE 0432 

INFO USICA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0497 
AMEMBASSY WARSAW PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
AKEHBASSY BEIJING PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BONN PRIOEITY 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BUCHAREST PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY LONDON PRIORITY 
•AMEMBASSY PARIS PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY TPRAGUE PRIORITY - 
AMEMBASSY ROME PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY SOFIA PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM PHIORITY- 
AMEMBASSY TOKYO PRIORITY 
USMISSION USNATO PRIORITY 
USMISSION USBERLIN PRIORITY 
USNKR SHAPE BE PRIORITY 
USCINCEUR VAIHINGEH GE PRIORITY 
AMCONSUL LENINGRAD PRIORITY 
AMCONSUL MUNICH PRIORITY - 



-073704 021231Z /14 



FSECTION 02 OF 03 MOSCOW 00003 



OVER THE USSR, FRIGHTEN IT, 
PACIFY THE THIRD WORLD. 
CONFIDENTIAL 
CONFIDENTIAL 



AND AT THE SAME TIME 



PAGE 02 



KOSCXJW 00003 02 OF 03 021214Z 



5. 

tha; 



TURNING TO- SOVIET INTENTIONS, BOVIN SAYS 



1) THE USSR WILL NOT ALLOW THE MILITARY- 
STRATEGIC BALANCE TO BE UPSET; 

2) IT IS "SENSELESS" TO TRY TO FRIGHTEN THE 
SOVIET UNION; ■ •• ■■ 

3) THE PROCESS OF "SOCIAL RENEWAL" OF THE WORLD 
WILL CONTINUE— NOT BECAUSE MOSCOW WANTS IT, 



PAGE NO. 



TEXT OF TELEGRM 82MOSCOW000003 



BUT BECAUSE "PEOPLE WMT TO LIVE BETTER"; 
4) THE USSR WILL CX5NTIKUE TO AID NATIONS AND 
POLITICAL HOVEMENTS THAT ARE STHUGGLIKG 
AGAINST "HATEFUL REGIMES." 

6. jHf AS FOR THE QUESTION OF THE U.S. SANCTIONS, 
BOVI^BcUSES THE USITEaj STATES OF PUHSUIHS ITS 
POLICY OP "IHTERPEHBNCE, SANCTIONS AND BLACKHAIL" 
WITH "ALMOST MANIACAL PERSISTENCE." PRESIDENT 
IffiAGRN'S SANCTIONS AGAINST- BOTH POLAND AND THE USSR, 
BOVIN ASSERTS, ARE "UNHEEDED EVIDENCE" OF WASHINGTON'S 
LACK OF INTEREST IN "FACING THE REALITIES OF WHAT 
AHERICAN CAN ACCOMPLISH," AND LACK OF CONSIDERATION 
FOR THE RIQiTS OF OTHER COUNTRIES TO CONDUCT THEIR 
OWN AFFAIRS, AND FOR THE INTERESTS OF OTHER 
GOVERNMENTS. HE WRITES THAT THE THREAT POSED BY 
WASHINGTON'S POLICY IS A "HEAL" ONE, NOT ONLY TO 
OTHERS, BUT "TO THE U.S. ITSELF," AND THAT HE DOES 
NOT KNOW HOW LONG IT WILL TAKE THE U.S. TO UNDERSTAND 
THIS. THE USSR, FOR ITS PART, WILL "MULTIPLY ITS 
EFFORTS IN THE STRUGGLE FOR PEACE," TRYING TO "TURN 
WORLD POLITICS INTO THE CHANNEL OF DETENTE." 



TWO SOVIET COHKENTATORS HAVE SEIZED OK THE 




PAGE 03 UOSCOW 00003 02 OF 03 021214Z 

ARGUMENT THAT THE SANCTIONS AGAINST THE USSR WILL 
BACKFIRE AND DAMAGE THE INTERESTS OF U.S. COMPANIES 
AND WORKING PEOPLE. NIKOLAI KURDYUKOV, WRITING 
IN PRAVDA JANUARY 1, QUOTES THE FOLLOWING SAMPLES 
OF AMERICAN PUBLIC OPINION: 

~ PRESIDENTIAL ADVISER ED MEESE ACKNOWLEDGES THAT 
"UNFORTUNATE AMERICANS WILL HAVE TO PAY FOR THE 
PRESIDENT'S DECISION" IN TEEMS OF UNEMPLOYMENT; 
(THIS IS SOURCED TO AN UNIDENTIFIED TV INTERVIEW) 

— A SPOKESMAN FOR DRESSfR INDUSTRIES STATES THAT 
IT WAS "ALMOST IMPOSsisLE" FOR AMERICAN 
BUSINESSMEN TO EXPORT MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT 
TO THE USSR EVEN BEFORE THE IMPOSITION OF 
SANCTIONS; 

— RICHARD BELL, PRESIDENT OF RICELAND FOODS, 
DESCRIBED THE SANCTIONS AS A "SAD DAY" FOR 
AMERICAN FARMERS, AND ADDED THAT THE DECISION 
TO FREEZE TALKS ON A HEW GRAIN AGREEMENT IS 
"TANTAMOUNT TO AN EMBARGO"; 

— A REPRESENTATIVE OF CATERPILLAR TRACTOR SAID 
SOVIET ORDERS WOULD NOW BE DIRECTED TO OTHER 
COUNTRIES. 

8. ^^^A. TOLKUNOV, WRITING IN PRAVDA JANUARY 1, 
QUOTES A WASHINGTON POST STORY WHICH SAYS THAT 



PAGE NO. 



TEXT OF TELSGRaM 82IfOSCX}W000003 



SECHETARY H&IG WAS ADVISED THAT U.S. SANCTIONS 

AGAINST THE USSR WOULD "DRAG THE U.S. INTO UNILATERAL 
ACTIONS THAT WILL PUT US IN A DEFENSIVE POSITION 
AND CAUSE QUARRELING WITH THE ALLIES." THE ARTICLE 
GOES OK TO DEMONSTRATE HOW THIS ADVICE HAS BEEN 
BORNE OUT: 

— U.S. PEACE COUNCIL EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR MEYEHSON 



icusm 



HNK 



IMHED 

PAGE NO. 6 



TEUT OF TELKGR&H 82HOSCOH0000a3 



CUSSIFIED 



PAGE 01 
ACTION EUS-12 



HOSCOW 00003 03 OF 03 021215Z 



INFO 



OCT- 00 

DODE-00 

HA-06 

SIL-01 
ICAB-00 



ADS-00 
H-01 

L-03 

INRE-00 

SP-02 



IMS-10 
10-15 

hRB-04 
SMS-01 
SR-04 



SS-10 
NSCE-00 

THSE-00 

SAL-01 

SPES-02 



ClAE-00 
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PM-09 
BIB-01 
/136 W 



EB-08 EA-io 

COHE-00 SSO-00 

PA-01 STH-13 

HP-10 &CDA-12 



0 0211S4Z JAN 82 ZFF-4 
FK AMEMBASSY KOSCOW 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IKHEDIATE 0433 
INFO USICA WASHDC IMHEDIATE 0498 
AMEMBASSY WARSAW PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
AKEMBASSY BEIJING PRIORITY . . 
AHEHBASSY BONN PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BUCHAREST PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY LONDON PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY PARIS PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY PRAGUE PRIORITY . 
SMEMBASSy ROME PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY SOFIA PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY TOKYO PRIORITY 
USMISSIOK USNATO PRIORITY 
USMISSION USBERLIN PRIORITY' ' 
USKMH SHAPE BE PRIOSITY- 
USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE PRIORITY 
AMCONSUL LENIHGRAB PRIORITY 
AHCONSUL MUNICH PRIORITY 



-073715 0212312 /14 



fSECTION 03 OF 03 HOSCOW 00003 

SAYS THE ANTI-SOVIET SANCTIONS ARE DESIGNED TO 
DEFLECT ATTENTION FROM THE "DEEPENING ECONOMIC 



PAGE 02 



MOSCOW 00003 03 OF 03 021215Z 



CRISIS" IN THE U.S.; 

THE WASHINGTON POST WRITES THAT THE ADMINISTRATION 

"MAY HOLD UP STRATEGIC ARMS LIMITATION TALBCS" ON 

ACCOUNT OF THE EVENTS IN POLAND? 

OTHER "OBSERVERS" SPEAK OF "DIRECT BLACKMAIL" 

OF OUR WEST EUROPEAN ALLIES: EITHER SUPPORT 

US OK THESE SANCTIONS OH ELSE ME WILL CUT OFF 

THE INF TALKS, THE U.S. IS ALLEGED TO HAVE 

SAID; 



wmm 



PAGE NO. 



rsss OF rssjBxssm 82hoscowooo6o3 




— WASHINGTON IS SEIZED BY AN "ANT I -SO VIET, 
ANTI-POLISH PSyCHOSIS,"- DESPITE THE "OBVIOUS 
FAILURE" OF "COLLECTIVE SAKCTIONS"; 

— "AHTI-COIIHUHIST AND ANTI-SOVIET HYSTERIA" HAVE 
REACHED AN UNPRECEHDENTED LEVEL. 

9- ■BBecHOIHG THE THEME OF EUROPEAN OPPOSITION 
TO TH^ANCTIONS, PRAVDA JANUARY 2 CARRIES A TASS 
HOUND-UP OF EUROPEAN OPINION TO "PROVE" THE POINT. 
HOST DAMAGING ARE QUOTES FROH THE LONDON TIMES 

("FUNDAMENTAL DIFFERENCES OF WORLD VIEW BETWEEN 
THE UNITED STATES AND EUROPE"), FRG ECONOMIC 
MINISTER COUNT LAHBSDORFF ("EUROPEAN COUMTRIES 
WILL NOT JOIN THE BOYCOTT"), AND SDP DEPUTY CHAIHMAH 
HANS-JUEBGEN WISCHNS*SKI (I DO NOT CONSIDER THE 
PRESIDENT'S DECISION OF SANCTIONS A SOOD ONE. A 
FURTHER WORSENING OF THE SITUATION IS HOT IN THE 
INTEREST OF THE FRG) . PRAVDA ALSO QUOTES CRITICISM 
OF THE U.S. HOVE BY PAPERS IN SYRIA AND INDIA. 

10. WARSAW MINIMIZE CONSIDERED. EARTHAH 




NNN 




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8 



TEXT OF tCELEGRM 82KOSCOV000001 



PAGE 01 MOSCOW 00001 01 OF 03 011331Z 
aCIION EUS-12 -- 



OCT-00. 
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THSB-00 

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SR-04 



EB— ' 

COHE-00 

PM-09 

SAL-01 

SPRS-02 



0 011312Z JAN 82 
PM AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
TO SECSTATE WflSHDC IMHEDIATE 0427 
INFO USICA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0492 
AMEMBASSY WARSAW PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BERLIN PHIORITX 
AMEMBASSY BONN PRIORITY 
AHCONSUL MUNICH PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BUCHAREST PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY LONDON PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY PARIS PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY PRAGUE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY ROME PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY SOFIA PRIORITY 
USMISSION USNATO. PRIORITY 
USMISSIOH GSBERLIN PRIORITY 
USHKR SHAPE BE PRIORITY 
USCIHCEUR VAIHIHGEN GE PRIORITY 
AHCONSUL LENIKGRa'd PRIORITY 



-067136 011343Z /46 



LiiyAKliwtNl OF SfAJE 

(/) RELEASE (/) DECLASSIFY 
( ) EXCISE [ ") DECLASSIFY 

( ) DENY m PART 

( ) DEl£TE Non- Responsive Info 

FOIA Exemptions 

PA Exemptkms 



DODE-OO 
SSO-OO 
PA-01 
BIB-01 
/153 W 



ISjFPC/CBR 



MR Cases Only: 
EO Citations 



Date: HAA^. 



) CLASSIFY u 

) DOWNGRADE TS to ( ) S or ( 



TS suthorlty 

( ) S or ( ) C 
> C 



^SECTION 01 OF 03 MOSCOW 00001 

E.G. 12055: l/Ol/SS (COURTNEY, WILLIAM H) OR-P 
TAGS: PEPR, UR, PL 

SUBJECT: ARBATOV PUMMELS U.S. ON POLAND — REPORT NO. 59 



PAGE 02 MOSCOW 00001 01 OF 03 011331Z 

JANUARY 1, 1982 



1- ■HB SUMMARY: IN A LONG PRAVDA ARTICLE TODAY 
CPSU CENTRAL COMMITTEE MEMBER AND USA INSTITUTE CHIEF 
ARBATOV SHARPLY CRITICIZES U.S. POLICY TOWARD POLAND 
AND SEEKS "ANALYTICALLY" TO EXPOSE WASHINGTON'S REAL 
MOTIVES AND OBJECTIVES IN ITS "ANTI-POLISH CAMPAIGN." 
ARBATOV CALLS THIS CAMPAIGN AND U.S. ECONOMIC 
WARFARE AGAINST POLAND IMMORAL AND HYPOCRITICAL BEYOND ALL 

PAGE NO. 



ICLraEO 



TEXT OF TELEGSAH 82HOSCOW000001 



LIMITS. HE REPEATS THE THEME THAT THE U.S. IS SEEKING 

TO DESTABILIZE POLAND. ARBATOV DRAWS A PARALLEL BETWEEK 
MARTIAL LAW IN POLAND AND USG ACTION "NINE TIMES SINCE 
WW II" TO EMPLOY SPECIAL POWERS TO DEAL WITH RACIAL 
CRISES OR STRIKES. TO EXPLAIN THE REAL MOTIVES OF U.S. 
POLICY ON POLAND, ARBATOV CLAIMS ONE MUST LOOK TO THE 
RI (5HT-WINB EXTR EBiaEg WHO DOttlNATE THE U.S. FOREIGN 
policy" BUREAUCRACY, AND TO THE PRESIDENT VffiO SHARES 
THEIR VIEWS. ARBATOV SEES THREE MAIN OBJECTIVES 
OF THE U.S. ANTI-POLISH CAMPAIGN: TO BRING THE NATO 
ALLIES CLOSER TOGETHER, TO PRESERVE THE ARMS RACE, 
AND TO MAKE AMERICANS FORGET ABOUT THEIR OWN DOMESTIC 
PROBLEMS. IT IS CURIOUS THAT ARBATOV BELIEVES THE 
U.S. HAS AN OPPOHTHMITY TO "USE" POLAND TO PROMOTE 
ALLIANCE UNITY. -OTHER PROPAGANDISTS HAVE PUSHED THE 
LINE THAT U.S. POLICY, PARTICULARLY SANCTIONS, IS 
LIKELY TO EXACERBATE ALLIANCE DIFFERENCES. 



mmm 



2. SINCE THE DECLARATION OF MARTIAL LAW IN 

POLAND, SOVIET PROPAGANDISTS HAVE STRESSED THAT THE 
U.S. IS RESPONSIBLE FOR EVENTS IN POLAND LEADING TO 
THIS STEP, AND THAT THE U.S. CONTINUES TO EXACEHBATE 
THE SITUATION THERE. SINCE THE ANNOUNCEMENT OF U.S. 
SA NCTIONS OH P OLAND AND ON THE USSR, SOVIET 



PAGE 03 



MOSCOW 00001 01 OF 03 011331Z 



PROPAGANDISTS HAVE INCREASINGLY CHARGED THAT U.S. 
POLICY ON POLAND HAS AS ITS PURPOSES TO HEIGHTEN 
INTERNATIONAL TENSIONS,' TO HARK U.S. -SOVIET ' 
RELATIONS, AND TO FURTHER OTHER U.S. FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC 
POLICY GOALS FAVORED BY THE "EXTREME RIGHT." THESE 
THEMES STRIKINGLY RESEMBLE THE MAIN LINES OF SOVIET 
ANTI-US PROPAGANDA IN RECENT YEARS, PARTICULARLY ON 
STRATEGIC AND ARMS CONTROL HATTERS. AN ACCOMPLISHMENT 
OF THE ARBATOV ARTICLE, THEREFORE, IS THAT IT 
INTEGRATES SOVIET PROPAGANDA ON U.S. POLICY TOWARD 
POLAND WITH THE OVERALL SOVIET PROPAGANDA STIJATEGY 
VIS-^^IS THE U.S. END SUMMARY. 

3. IN A LONG ARTICLE IN PRAVDA, GEORGI ARBATOV, 

THE DIRECTOR OF THE INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF THE USA 
AND CANADA, CALLS U.S. POLICY ON POLAND AN ATTEMPT TO 
COMPLICATE THE POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC SITUATION THERE, 
TO "INTERNATIONALIZE" THE CRISIS, AND TO USE EVENTS 
THERE TO SHARPEN THE INTERNATIONAL SITUATION, IN 
PARTICULAR, RELATIONS WITH THE USSR. ARBATOV ALLEGES 
THAT THE U.S. "CAMPAIGN" IS IMMORAL, AND ITS HYPOCRISY 
GOES BEYOND ALL LIMITS. DESPITE ITS "LOFTY MORAL 
CONSIDERATIONS," THE U.S. HAS DECLARED "ECONOMIC WARFARE 
ON POLAND." "IN FACT, ALL U.S. INFLUENCE IS BEING TO 
PUSH THE COUNTRY TOWARD CONFRONTATION, ANARCHY , CHAOS , 
AND BLOODSHEAB." 



mmm 



PAGE NO. 2 



TEXT OF TELEGHftM 821IOSCOW000001 

4. RRBRTOV 3UDHITS THAT KfeSTIRL LAW IK POLAND 



cLussro 



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i 



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TEXT OF 1SLESS£H 82HOSCOW000001 



aDP706 



iCLMEB 



PAGE 01 
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MOSCOW 00001 02 OF 03 011332Z 



OCT-00 

H-01 

SY-05 

STR-13 

HP-10 



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aCDA-12 



INE-10 

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SS-10 
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LAB-04 
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CIAE-00 
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OCS-06 

SH-04 



EB-08 DODB-00 

OOHE-00 SSO-00 

PM-09 PA-01 

SAL-01 BIB-01 

SPSS-02 /153 W 



-067151 0113432 /46 



0 011312Z JAN 82 
FM AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0428 
INFO USIC& WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0493 
AMEMBASSY WARSAW PRIORITY 
AHEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSS BERLIN PRIORITY 
AHEHBASSY BOMN PRIORITY 
AMCONSUL MUNICH PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BUCHAREST PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY LONDON PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY PARIS PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY PRAGUE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY ROME PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY SOFIA PRIORITY 
USMISSIOM USNATO PRIORITY 
USHISSION USBERLIN PRIORITY " 
USNHR SHAPE BE PRIORITY 
USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE PRIORITY 
AKCONSUL LENINGRAD PRIORITY 

^^^^^^^^^^ISECTION 02 OF 03 MOSCOW 00001 

IS AN "UNPLEASANT AND PAINFUL MEASURE." NEVERTHELESS, 
HE CONTINUES, IT IS AN INTERNAL AFFAIR OF EVERY 
COU NTRY . BY ITSELF, IT DOES NOT VIOLATE THE 



PAGE 02 



MOSCOW 00001 02 OP 03 011332Z 



"COMMONLY RECOGNIZED NORMS OF INTERNATIONAL LAW, THE 
U.N. CHARTER OR EXISTING TREATIES" (READS THE HELSINKI 
FINAL ACT) , EVEN THOUGH WASHINGTON IS TRYING TO PROVE 
THE REVERSE. 

5. .^IB ARBATOV THEN DRAWS A PARALLEL BETWEEN MARTIAL 
LAW IN POLAND AND THE "EXAMPLE OF THE U.S." ARBATOV 
NOTES PROVISIONS IN THE U.S. CONSTITUTION AMD LAWS 
FOR COMBATTING SOCIAL UNREST. THE USG,HE CONTINUES, 

PAGE NO. 



TESC OF TELESRAH 82HOSCCIWOOO0O1 



HAS USED THESE POWERS "HIKE TIMES SINCE WORLD WftE II 

ALONE, MOSTLY IK CASES OF RACIAL RIOTS, EXCEPT 
THE INCIDENTS OF THE USE OF TROOPS TO SUPHESS STRIKES." 
RRBATOV ASKS RHETORICALLY: CAN POLISH AUTHORITIES NOT 
USE SIMILAR MEASURES TO AVERT THE THREAT OF NATIONAL 
CATASTROPHE? HE ASSERTS THAT IN MANY OTHER CASES — CHILE, 
IRAN, SOUTH KOREA, LATIK j^ERICA — THE U.S> HAS WELCOMED 
COUPS aCCOHPANIED BY APPfliLING ATROCITIES AND BLOODSHEAD. 



6. THIS APPARENT DISCREPANCY, CONTINUES AEBATOV, 

NATURALLY LEADS TO THE QUESTION OF WASHINGTON'S REAL 
MOTIVES IN TAKING THESE MEASURES TOWARD POLAND. ARBATOV 
SUGGESTS THAT THE ANSWER MAY BE FOUND BY EXAMINING THE 
OUTLOOK OF WASHINGTON FOLICYHAKERS . HE ARGUES THAT 
NOT JUST SENIOR U.S. OFFICIALS BUT THE ENTIRE "SECOND- 
ECHELON" OF THE U.S. FOREIGN-POLICY BUREAUCRACY CONSISTS 
OF "EXTREMISTS REPRESENTING THE EXTREME RIGHT, THE 
EXTREME MILITARY FLANK OF THE U.S. RULING CLASS." THE 
PRESIDENT, HE ADDS, SHARES THIER VIEWS. ARBATOV 
CONTINUES THAT THE ADMINISTRATION BEGAN WITH A SERIES 
OF ANTI-SOVIET ACTIONS IN U.S.. RELATIONS WITH CUBA, 
NICARAGUA, AND MANY ARAB COUNTRIES. THIS EVIDENT 
"RETURN TO THE COLD WAR" FRIGHTENED U.S. ALLIES AND 

MANY AMERICANS AS WELL. IK RECENT MONTHS, THEY HAVE 



CUSSIFIED 



PAGE 03 



MOSCOW 00001 02 OF 03 011332Z 



FORCED THE ADMINISTRATION TO CHANGE ITS TONE, TO TALK 
ABOUT NEGOTIATIONS, ABOUT ARMS LIMITATIONS, NOT ABOUT 
WAR BUT ABOUT PEACE. 

7. Itttr ARBATOV ATTRIBUTES TO THE U.S. THREE MAIN 
OBJECTIVES IN THE "ANTI-POLISH CAMPAIGN.": 

— TO BRING THE (NATO) ALLIES CLOSER TOGETHER AND TO 
PATCH UP WITH THE BALLYHOO OVEr" POLAND THE SERIOUS 
FRICTIONS WHICH HAVE FLARED UP OVER THE MAJOR QUESTIONS 
OF SECURITY, FOREIGN POLICY, AND ECONOMICS; 

— TO PRESERVE THE ARMS RACE, DESPITE THE ECONOMIC AND 
POLITICAL CONSTRAINTS AND THE ONGOING TALKSj 



— TO MAKE AMERICANS FORGET ABOUT THE GROWING ECONOMIC 
AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS OP THEIR COUNTRY, AN OBJECTIVE THAT 
IS PARTICULARLY IMPORTANT BECAUSE CONGRESSIONAL ELECTIONS 
TAKE PLACE IN 19.82. 



fK/jf FINALLY, CONCLUDES ARBATOV, THE MOST IMPORTANT 
TION IS WHETHER THE U.S. WILL INTERVENE IN POLAND 



8. 

QUES 

IN THE EVENT OF A DRAMATIC UPRISING THERE.. IN THIS 
"NUCLEAR CENTURY," EMPHAS IZES ARBATOV , LOCAL 
CONFLICTS ALWAYS POTENTIALLY THREATEN TO EVOLVE INTO A 
POLITICAL AND MILITARY CONFRONTATION BETWEEN THE GREAT 



USSIFED 



PAGE NO. 



TE3IT OF TELEGHftM 82HPSCOW000001 




POWERS. WHAT WOULD HAVE HAPPENED, RRBATOV ASKS, IF 
DURING THE COUBSE OF POST-WAR EVENTS LEADERS HAD FOLLOWED 
THEIR INSTINCTS, SYMPATHIES, AND ANTIPAfHIES? NUCLEAR 

CATASTROPHE, OF COURSE. "THE UNDERSTANDING OF THIS TRUTH" 
STRENGTHENS THE INVINCIBLE, VITAL FORCE OF THE 
PRINCIPLES OF PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE OF STATES BELONGING 
TO DIFFERENT Sy^TEMS. IN ONE OR ANOTHER FORM, THESE 
PRINCIPLES HAVE BEEN ACCEPTED BY THE CAPITALIST COUNTRIES, 




NNN 




PAGE NO. 



6 



TBKT OF TELE6&AH 821IOSCOW000001 



UNCLASSIFIED 



PAGE 01 
aCTIOH EIIR-12 



MOSCOW OOOOl 03 OF 03 011333Z 



INFO 



OT^— 00 

H-01 

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STR-13 

HP-10 



ftDS-00 

10-15 

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SIL-01 

ACDA-12 



IMR-10 
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ftRa-16 

LAB-04 
SMS-01 
SP-02 



ClfiE-OO 
NSaE-00 

TRSE-00 

OCS-06 

SR-04 



EB-08 DODE-00 

COHE-00 SSO-00 

PM-09 PA- 01 

SAL-01 BIB-01 

SPRS-02 /X53 W 



0 011312Z JAN 82 
FH AKEHBASSY SOSCOW 
TO SECSIATE WASHDC IHHEniATE 0429 
IKFO USICA WASHDC IMHEDIATE 0494 
AKEMBASSY WARSAW PRIORITY 
AKEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
AHEHBASS7 BERLIN PSIOSIT? 
AMEMBASSy BONN PRIORITY 
AMCONSUL MUNICH PRIORITY - - 
AMEMBASSY BUCHAREST PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST PRIORITY 
AKEMBASSY LONDON PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY PARIS PRIORITY 
AHSMBASSY PRAGUE PRIORITY . 
JiMEWBASSy ROME PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY.r STOCKHOLM PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY ""sOFIA PRIORITY 
USMISSIOK USNATO PRIORITY 
tJSMISSION USBERLIN PRIORITY ' 
USNMB SHAPE BE PRIORITY 
USCINCBUR VAIHINGEN GE PRIORITY 
AMCONSUL LENINGRAD PRIORITY 



-067160 011344Z /46 



^SECTION 03 OF 03 MOSCOW 00001 

INCLUDING THE U.S. BUT, IN RECENT TIMES, OFFICIAL 
AMERICA AGAIN AND AGAIN HAS TORGOTTEN THE REALITIES OF 
OUR EPOCH, INCLUDING THE FACT THAT THE PRESENT 



PAGE 02 



MOSCOW 00001 03 OF 03 011333Z 



SITUATION IS DANGEROUS ENOUGH WITHOUT AHTICIALLY 
FORHEHTIHG CRISES*" 

9. WARSAW MINIMIZE CONSIDERED. 
HARTHAN 



iciiissra 



PAGE NO. 7 



chtf' cut: ■ c » vu 12 o i^i f 

TEXT OP TELEGRAM 81HOSCOW0176S4 



PAGE 01 - MOSCOW 17634 01 OF 03 311934Z 

aCTION EUR-12 



iCUSSlFlEO 



INFO 



OCT-00 

DODE-00 

SY-05 

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ACDA-12 



ADS-OO 

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IHE-10 

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BlB-01 
/142 W 



Ea-xo 
sso-oo 

Pi-Ol 
BP-10 



-055571 3119412 /53 



de9<(rtment of staje 

( RELEASE (/) DECLASSIFY 
( ) EXCISE { ) DEClASSinr 

1 ) DENY IN PART 

I 1 DELETE Non-Hesp«)nalve Into 

RN*. Exemptions^ . 

PA P-— r«'~"- 



0 311917Z DEC 81 
FM AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0423 
INFO USICA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0438 
AMEMBASSY WARSAW PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BEIJING PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY. BONN PRIORITY . . . 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BUCHAREST PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY LONDON PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY PARIS PRIORITY . 
AMEMBASSY PRAGUE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY ROME PRIORITY ^- - 
AMEMBASSY SOFIA PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY TOKYO PRIORITY 
USHISSIOK USNATO PRIORITY 
USMISSION USBERLIN PRIORITY '. . 
USNMR SHAPE BE PRIORITY 
USCIKCEUR VAIHIHGEN GE PRIORITY 
AMCOHSUL LENINGRAD PRIORITY. 
AMCOKSULvMUNICH PRIORITY 



PSECTION 01 OF 03 MOSCOW 17654 

E.O- 12065: CDS 12/29/87 (COURTNEY, WILLIAM H) OH-P 
TAGS: PEPR, PL, UR 



>S|FPC|CBR 



MR Cnm Only: 
EO Cltslions_ 



.TS withority 



( ) CLASSIFY u { ) S or r ) C 

( ) DOWNGRADE TS 10 ( ) S or ( ) C 



PAGE 02 



MOSCOW 17654 01 OP 03 311934Z 



SUBJECT: SOVIET COMMENTARY ON POLAND, DECEMBER 31, 1981: 
REPORT NO. 58 



1. SUMMARY: THIS EVENING THE SOVIET 

PROPAGANDA MACHINE ROSE TO THE CHALLENGE OF THE 
U.S.. DECISION ON SOVIET SANCTIONS. IT UNLEASHED 
A BARRAGE OF CRITICISM OF THE U.S. ACTION, AND IT 
SOUGHT TO MINIMIZE THE ADVERSE CONSEQUENCES OP 
THE SANCTIONS- A USA INSTITUTE OFFICIAL CHARGES 




PAGE NO. 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 81IIOSCOW017654 



THE U.S. WITH SEEKING TO DESTABILIZE THE EUROPEAN 
SECURITY SYSTEM AND TO DISCIPLINE DISOBEDIENT ALLIES. 
TASS QUOTES POLISH FOREIGN MINISTER CZYREK AS 
CHARGING THAT POLAND WILL NEVER AGREE TO INTERFERENCE 
IN ITS INTERNAL AFFAIRS. - CPSU CENTRAL COMMITTEE 
OFFICIAL ZAKXATIN, LIKE BREZHNEV IN THE RECENT 
INTERVIEW WITH NBC, EMPHASIZES THAT THE MAJOR FOHEIGK 
POLICY CHALLENGES LIE IN THE ABtHS CONTROL FIELD. 
THIS IS AN OBVIOUS ATTEMPT TO PERSUADE READERS 
THAT POLAND IS NOT AN ISSUE OF INTERNATIONAL 
CONSE2UENCE. TASS, REPLAYING A POLISH PRESS ITEM, 
ASSERTS THAT U.S. DIPLOMATS OFTEN VISITED SOLIDARITY 
LEADERS AND THAT AFTERWARD THE BEHAVIOR OF THE 
LEADERS BECAME MORE BRAZEN. HOT UNEXPECTEDLY, TASS 
ASSESSES THE SANCTIONS AND FINDS THEY ARE OF LITTLE 
CONSEQUENCE OR WILL HURT THE U.S. MORE THAN THE 
USSR. END SUMMARY. 

2. ^HVtASS has taken ANOTHER SWIPE AT THE U.S. 
SANCTIONS PUT ON THE USSR ON ACCOUNT OF POLAND. A 
COMMENTARY BY RADOHIH BOGDANOV, DEPUTY DIRECTOR 
OF THE INSTITUTE OF THE USA AND CANADA, BUT 
IDENTIFIED HERE AS A "TASS HEWS ANALYST," CHARGES 
THAT THE "IMPERIAL WARRIORS" IN THE WHITE HOUSE ' 




PAGE 03 MOSCOW 17654 01 OF 03 311934Z 

ARE TRYING TO "WHIP UP PASSIONS AROUND POLAND" 

AND TO "USE RUDENESS, BLACKMAIL AND VIOLENCE AS A 

SUBSTITUTE FOR THE ART OF FOREIGN 'POLICY." THE 

ARTICLE, ENTITLED "TERRORISM," CONTAINS A LONG 

LISTING OF AMERICAN MISDEEDS AND "ACTS OF TERRORISM" 

STARTING WITH HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI, THROU® IRAN, 

VIETNAM, CHILE, AND CENTRAL AMERICA. IT CH^GES 

THAT POLAND IS "ONLY A PRETEXT FOR FURTHER WHIPPING 

UP INTERNATIONAL TENSIONS" IN ORDER TO 1) DESTABILIZE ' " ' ' 

THE EUROPEAN SECURITY SYSTEM: AND 2) DISCIPLINE 

"DISOBEDIENT ALLIES." THE SANCTIONS AGAINST THE 

USSR, ACCORDING TO BOGDANOV, REFLECT THE "MORAL 

EROSION" OF AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY RATHER .THAN 

"STRENGTH OR CONFIDENCE." WHEREAS PRESIDENT CARTER 

WAS THE KAN WHO "PUT INTO HIGH GEAR THE MACHINE FOR 

DESTROYING AND UNDERMINING DETENTE," NOW IT IS THE 

REAGAN ADMINISTRATION WHICH IS "ACCELERATING THE 

REVOLUTIONS OF THIS MACHINE," IN ACTIONS WHICH 

CONSTITUTE "THE LIMIT OF HYPOCRISY AND ADVENTURISM." 

S^'' f^^^ ™K1EKTj BOGDANOV 'S CLEAR THEMES ARE 
THAT THE U.S. IS USING POLAND AS A PRETEXT FOR 
ACTIONS IT WOULD LIKE TO UNDERTAKE IN ANY CASE, 
AMD THAT THE STRATEGY BEHIND THESE ACTIONS HAS TO' 
DO WITH FEARS OF SLIPPING INFLUENCE WITH THE WESTERN 
ALLIES. IT HARDLY NEEDS TO BE STATED THAT BOTH 

PAGE 



USSIRED 



USSIFIED 

NO. 2 



TEXT OF TELEGSAH 81HOSCOW017e54 



THESE aRGUHEKTS ARE CALCULATED 1) TO DISTRACT 

ATTENTION FROM THE REAL ISSUE OF POLAND; AND 2) TO 
SOW DISCORD AMONG THE NATO ALLIES. THE ACCUSATIONS 
OF PAST AMERICAN ACTIONS IN THE THIRD WORLD ARE 
INTENDED TO APPEAL TO THE WIDER WORLD AUDIENCE AND 
THE EUROPEAN LEFT, AND AGAIN, TO DISTRACT ATTENTION 
FEOH THE CURRENT SITUATION IK' POLAND. END COHBEHT. 



mmmi 



NNN 



'i 



mSSIFIED 

PAGE NO. 3 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 81MOSOOW017654 



ADP647 



iCUSSIRED 



PAGE 01 - . 
ACTION EUR-12 



HOSCDW 17654 02 OF 03 311935Z 



IKFO 



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/142 W 



EA-10 
SSO-00 
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0 311917Z DEC 81 
FH AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IHMEDIATE 0424 
INFO USICA WASHDC IHMEDIATE 0489 
AMEMBASSY WARSAW PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BEIJINC5 PRIOHITX 
AMEMBASSY BONN PRIORITY - - 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BUCHAREST PRIORITY • 
AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY LONDON PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY PARIS PRIORITY 
AHEMBflSSr PRAGUE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY ROME PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY SOFIA PRIORITY - - - . . 
RMEHBASSy STOCKHOLM PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY TOKYO PRIORITY 
USMISSION USNATO PRIORITY 
USMISSION USBERLIN PRIORITY 
USNMR SHAPE BE PRIORITY 
USCINCEUE VAIHINGEN SE FHIORITY 
AHCONSUL LENIMGRAD PRIORITY 
AKCONSUL MUNICH PRIORITY 



-055575 311940Z /50 




PAGE 02 



SECTION 02 OF 03 MOSCOW 17654 



DECEMBER 31 DISPATCH FROM WARSAW, 



MOSCOW 17654 02 OF 03 311935Z 



TASS ATTACKS PRESIDENT REAGAN'S "DISCRIMINATORY 
MEASURES" AGAINST POLAND AND THE SOVIET UNION, 
WHICH HAVE "AROUSED STRONG PROTESTS AND INDIGNATION 
IN POLAND." TASS QUOTES POLISH FOREIGN MINISTER 
J02EF C2YREK AS SAYING, "SETTING THINGS IN ORDER 
IN OUR OWN HOME IS OUR INTERNAL MATTER. POLAND 
WISHES TO MAINTAIN EQUAL RELATIONS WITH ALL STATES 
AMD WILL NEVER AGREE TO INTERFERENCE IN ITS INTERNAL 
AFFAIRS." 



EUSW 



PASS NO. 4 



TEXT OF TBLEGSAM 81HOSCOW017654 



5. ^j^Bh BASING ITS OBSERVATIONS ON A STATEMENT 

BY TH^POnSH PRESS AGENCY (PAP), TASS REPORTS 
THAT THE POLISH COUNCIL OF MINISTERS MEETING 
CONVENED TO DISCUSS THE EFFECTS OF MARTIAL LAW. IN 
POLAND HAS CONCLUDED THAT "THERE IS A REAL POSSIBILITY 
HOW TO END THE DEEP CRISIS IN THE COUNTRY DUE TO 
THE LIQUIDATION OF ANARCHY IN SOCIO-ECOHOHIC 
LIFE." THE RECENT INTRODUCTION OF UNIVERSAL LABOR 
DUTY UNDER MARTIAL LAW IS CITED AS ONE OF THE 
RECENT CHANGES WHICH HAS CREATED THE NECESSARY 
CONDITIONS FOR "ENSUHIHG A (H!OWTH OF OUTPUT AND 
LABOR PRODUCTIVITY." THE RECENT SHOWTH IN COAL 
OUTPUT — "ALMOST 600,000 TONS OF COAL WERE MINED 
ON DECEMBER 29, THE HIGHEST DAILY PEEFOHMANCE IN 
COAL MINING IN RECENT WEEKS"— IS PORTRAYED AS A 
RESULT OF THE CLAMP-D0V7N ON THE "PROVOCATIVE 
ACTIONS OF SOLIDARITY RADICALS." 

e. ^I^^IN AN INTERVIEW PRINTED IN THE NEW YEAR'S 

ISSUE OF THE SOVIET. WEEKLY 'MOSCOW NEWS,' THE CHIEF • 
OF THE CPSU CENTRAL COMMITTEE'S INTERNATIONAL 
INFORMATION DEPARTMENT, LEONID ZAHYATIN, PINPOINTS 
THE THREE KEY QUESTIONS FOR THE NEW YEAR: 1) 




PAGE 03 MOSCOW 17654 02 OF 03 311935Z 

KEDIUM-RANGE WEAPONS IN EUROPE; 2) CARRYING ON THE 
SALT PROCESS; AND 3) BREAKING THE DEADLOCK AT THE . 
VIENNA MBFR TALKS. ZAKYATIN STRESSES THAT THE 
SOVIET UNION "HAS ALWAYS FAVORED DIALOGUE WITH THE 
USA AT ANY LEVEL," AND THAT IT DESIRES "HONEST AND 
CONSTRUCTIVE NEGOTIATIONS..." HE WARNS, HOWEVER, • 
THAT RELATIONS BETWEEN THE SUPERPOWERS MUST BE 
BASED ON "OBSERVANCE OF THE PRINCIPLE OF EQUAL 
SECUEXTY, EACH OTHER'S LEGITIMATE INTERESTS, AND 
MUTUAL BENEFIT." OH POLAND, ZAHYATIN REPEATS THE 
SOVIET LINE THAT THE PRESIDENT'S CHRISTMAS SPEECH 
VIOLATED "INTERNATIONAL NORMS" AND THE HELSINKI 
FINAL ACT. I 

1- Jtt/lf COMMENT J AS BREZHNEV DID IN THE NBC 
INTEHWlffr ZAMYATIK DWELLS ON ARMS CONTROL THEMES 
AND SOVIET INTEREST IN CONSTRUCTIVE BiELATIONS 
WITH THE^ U.S. , ON SOVIET TERMS OF COURSE. 
ZAMYATIN'S (AND BREZHNEV'S}' PURPOSES ARE: 1) TO 
ATTEMPT TO PEjRSUADE READERS THAT POLAND IS NOT 
AN ISSUE OF MAJOR INTERNATIONAL CONSEQUENCE; 
2) TO HIGHUGHT TO EUROPEANS THAT, DESPITE POLAND, 
EUROPE HAS SUBSTANTIAL INTERESTS IK REACHING 
ACCOMMODATION WITH THE USSR ON MATTERS OF 
IMPORTANCE TO EUROPE AND ITS SECURITY* AND 3) TO 
INDICATE THAT IF THE U.S. IS WILLING TO OVESEU^OOK 



TEX-T OF TElLBGBm 81HOSOOV017654 



POLAND, THE USSR IS PREPARED TO HESPOKD POSITIVELY. 

END COMMENT. . . 

8. flHi TASS PICKED HP AN ARTICLE WRITTEN BY THE 
POLIS^ NEWSPAPER 'WIRDOMDSCI SZCZEDINSKIE * IK WHICH 
REAGAN'S CHRISTMAS MESSAGE WAS CHARACTERIZED AS 
A "CIJVSSICAL EXAKPLE OF THE U.S. POLICY WITH REGARD 
TO OTHER COUNTRIES." ACXmsiHG REAGAN OF HAVING 



iCUSSIFIED 



NNN 



PAGE NO. 6 



TESm OF TSL&SRAH 81KOSCX)W017654 



icussra 



PAGE 01 
ACTION EUH-12 



HQSCOW 17654 03 OF 03 3119372 



IHFO 



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/142 W 



-055612 311941Z /50 



0 311917Z DEC 81 
F» AHEHBASSZ HOSCOW 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0425 

INFO USICA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0490 
AMEMBASSY WARSAW PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
AHEMBASSY BEIJING PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY BONK PRIORITY 

AMEMBASSy BUDAPEST PRIORITY. . . * . 

AMEMBASSY BUCHAREST PRIORITY 

AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN PRIORITY . - 

AMEMBASSY LONDON PRIORITY 

AMEMBASSY PARIS PRIORITY _ _ ._ ... 

AMEMBASSY PRAGUE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY SOME PRIORITY 

AMEMBASSY SOFIA PRIORITY . - 

AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM PRIORITY . 

AMEMBASSY TOKYO PRIORITY 

USMISSION USNATO PRIORITY 

DSMISSION USBERLIN PRIORITY " 

USNHR SHAPE BE PRIORITY 

USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GS PRIORITY 

AMCONSUL LENINGRAD PRIORITY 

AHCONSUL MUNICH PRIORITY 

rSECTICN 03 OF 03 MOSCOW 17654 

REVEALED HIS TRUE INTENTIONS, THE POLISH ARTICLE 
REP^T^HEPOLISH ASSESSMENT OF REAGAN'S ACTION 



PAGE 02 



MOSCOW 17654 03 OF 03 311937Z 



AS MEW PROOF OF AN "OLD TRUTH," NAMELY THAT ' 
"IMPERIALISTS WILL NOT REPEAT NOT GIVE A CENT TO 
ANYONE IF THEY DO NOT REPEAT NOT SEE ANY ADVANTAGE 
FOR THEMSELVES." (REAGAN IS QUOTED AS HAVING SAID 
THAT HE "HAS NO REPEAT NO INTEREST IN POLAND.") 
THE U.S. IS CHARGED WITH AIMING IN RECENT MONTHS 
TO "ESTABLISH CONTROL OVER POLAND'S SOCIAL AND 
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT" AND WITH SUPPORTING SOLIDARITY 
BECAUSE "IT SUITED THE AIMS AND TASKS OF WESTERN 



iGUSSIiED 



PAGE NO. 



VBST OF !I?p!LE6BAH 81H0SC0W017654 



SUBVERSIVE IDEOLOGICAL CENTEHS." IT IS POINTEID 
OUT THAT U.S. DIPLOMATS "OFTEN MADE VISITS TO - . 
LEADERS OF SOLIDARITY" AND "tHAT "AFTER EVERY SUCH 
MEETING THE BEHAVIOR OF TRADE UNION LEADERS BECAME 
MORE BRAZEN AND THEY WERE PUSHING THE COUNTRY 
FURTHER TOWARD AN INTERNAL ARMED CONFLICT." POLES 
2^ EXHORTED TO "EiELZ OK THEIR OWH RESOURCES 2LNB 
ON THE ASSISTANCE OP TRUE FRIENDS WHO HAVE HOT 
REPEAT NOT LEFT THE POLES IN NEED." 



9. COMHENT: THE POLISH JOURNALIST 

PLAYS TO POLES' HISTORICAL ANGER AT BEING ABANDONED 
BY THE WEST DURING WWII BY PORTRAYING THE WEST, AND 
ESPECIALLY THE U.S., AS INTERESTED IN POLAND ONLY 
as LONG AS THE POLISH ECOHOHY WAS ECONOHIC&LLY 
EXPLOITABLE. THE IMPLIED ACCUSATION THAT U.S. 
DIPLOMATS EXHORTED SOLIDARITY TO MORE BRAZEN 
ACTIONS REPRESENTS AN ESCALATION IN THE SOVIET 
MEDIA OF ATTEMPTS TO LINK THE USG TO SOLIDARITY- 



10. ^li^^aSS OBSERVER IVAN ABLAHOV REPLAYS IHEHES 
REMINISCENT OF THE SOVIET STANCE TAKEN DURING THE 
CARTER ADMINISTRATION'S GRAIN EHBAHSO: l) PAST 
EHBAEGOS HAVE NOT PREVENTED THE SOVIET UNION FROM 



HOSCOW 17654 03 OF 03 31X937Z 



BECOMING A MILITARY SUPERPOWER OR FROM DEVELOPING 
ITS ECONOMY; AND 2) EMBAHGOS HURT U.S. BUSINESSMEN . 
AND FARMERS MORE THAN THEY HURT THE SOVIET UNION. 
HE ESTIMATES THAT LOSSES TO U.S. CORPORATIONS AS A 
RESULT OF REAGAN'S SANCTIONS WILL BE "AT LEAST. 
3.7 BILLION DOLLARS" AND THAT LOSSES TO U.S. FARMERS 
WILL BE ANOTHER "1.5 BILLION DOLLARS A YEAR." HE 
ASSERTS THAT DURING THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION CAMPAIGN 
"REAGAN HIMSELF HAD TO ADMIT THE POlftrLESSNESS OF 
UNILATERAL CURTAILING OF TRADE WITH THE USSR." 



11. A COMMENTATOR OH THE NIGHTLY TV NEWS PROGRAM 
"VREKYA" STATED THAT THE WEST HAS "PROOF" THAT THE 
SOVIET UNION WAS NOT INVOLVED IN THE DECISION TO 
IMPOSE MARTIAL LAW IN POLAND, BUT JHAT THE U.S. HAS 
CHOSEN TO IGNORE IT. HE ALSO REJECTED THE NOTION 
THAT PRESSURE FROM THE U.S. WOULD CHANGE SOVIET 
"FRATERNAL" BEHAVIOR TOWARD ITS ALLY. "VREMYA" 
ANNOUNCER ALSO REPEATED TASS ITEM IN PARA 5 ABOUT 
UNIVERSAL LABOR DUTY AND ^INCHEASED PRODUCTIVITY 
RESULTING FROM THE "LIQUIDATION OF ANARCHY." HE 
NOTED THAT THE U.S. HAD GIVEN ITS ALLIES 24 HOURS' 
WARNING BEFORE IMPOSING ECONOMIC SANCTIONS AND HAD 
MISTAKENLY TAKEN THEIR SILENCE FOR SUPPORT. HE REPEATED 
THE WARNING (PARA 10} THAT AH EMBARGO WOULD HURT • . 

THE U.S. MORE THAN THE SOVIET UNION. HARTMAN 

PAGE HO. 



yUSIFIED 



UHCZJWSSXFIED 

Data SrliLted.: 10/31/1997 SOC_IinUBERs 89HOSCOW20333 



108 



UNCLASSIFIED 



PAGE 01 
ACTION PA- 02 



MOSCOW 20333 Xil OF 03 272004Z' 



INFO 



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INR-07 
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M-01 



O 271902Z JUL "89 " " 

FM AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2470 
INFO US lA -WASHDC IMl-IEDIATE 08 95-" 
MOSCOW POLITICAL COLLECTIVE 
AMCONSUL LENINGRAD . 



EUR-00 CIAE-00 
HA-09 AMAD-01 
PRS--01-.- /040 W 
144700 272028Z /60 38 



DODE-00 

-VO-06 



MSC-01 
INRE-00 




UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 MOSCOW "2"t)333 - 

DEPARTMENT FOR PA-- A/S TUTWILER; ALSO FOR EUR/SOV, 
RP, AND HA 

E.O. 123 56: N/A - - ^ " 

TAGS: CVIS, PREL, PROP, UR, PINR, PGOV, US 
SUBJECT: JULY 27 MFA PRESS' BRIEFING 
/ 



HIGHLIGHTS 



1. THE REGULARLY SCHEDULED JULY 27 MFA PRESS BRIEFING 
FEATURED: 

— NIKOLAY GRIGORYEVICH BELOV, FIRST DEPUTY CHAIRMAN OF 
THE STATE STATISTICS COMMITTEE, WHO PROVIDED STATISTICS 
CONCERNING ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENTS FOR THE" 
FIRST SIX MONTHS OF 1989 IN THE USSR; 

— AMBASSADOR YURIY KASHLEV AND RUDOLF ALEKSEYEVICH 
KUZNETSOV, HEAD OF UVIR (OFFICE OF VISAS AND " _ 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED " ' - 

PAGE 02 MOSCOW 20333 .01 OF 03 272'004Z 

REGISTRATION) , USSR MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS, WHO 
DISCUSSED ISSUES OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE SOVIET UNION SIX 
MONTHS AFTER THE VIEI-MA ACCORDS; 



Bage - 1 

-.•i'hoiliT to 




UHCLASSIFXBD 

Date Printed: 10/31/1997 DOC_iroMBERs 89MOSCOW20333 CHJMJNEL: n/a 



— BRIEF STATEMENTS EtY MFA PRESS SPOKESMAN GENNADIY - 
GERASIMOV AT THE END OF THE PRESS CONFERENCE. GERASIMOV 
MENTIONED TALKS ON INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS BETWEEN 
ASSISTANT SECRETARY BOLTON AJSfD SOVIET DEP . FOREIGN 
MINISTER PETROVSKIY, AND THE STOCKHOLM CONSULTATIONS ON 
AFGHANISTAN BEGINNING JULY 31 BETWEEN ASST. SECRETARY 
JOHN KELLY AND SOVIET AMB . ~AT-LARGE KOZOREV. {GERASIMOV 
STRESSED THAT -NO OTHER SUBJECT, INCLUDING IRAN, WOULD BE 
DISCUSSED AT THESE MEETINGS) . ' 

END HIGHLIGHTS - - . . _ 



2. DEPUTY PRESS SPOKESMAN PERFYL'EV INTRODUCED NIKOLAY 
GRIGORYEVICH BELOV OF THE STATE STATISTICS COMMITTEE, 
WHO PRESENTED STATISTICS -ON INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, 
CRIME, INFLATION, HOUSING, THE UNDERGROUND ECONOMY, AND 
THE PURCHASE OF TEN BILLION RUBLES' WORTH OF CONSUMER ' 
GOODS FROM WESTERN NATIONS" IN HARD CUEiRENCY. A DETAILED 
REPORT OF THESE STATISTICS FOLLOWS SEETEL. 

SIX MONTHS AFTER VIENNA 



3 . AMBASSADOR. YURIY KASHLEV- -AND UVIR HEaD RUDOLF 
KUZNETSOV ANNOUNCED THAT THE SOVIET UNION HAD FULFILLED 
ITS OBLIGATION TO EXAMINE AND" CONSIDER ALL OOi'STANDING 
APPLICATIONS FOR EXIT VISAS WITHIN THE SIX MONTHS AFTER 
THE CONCLUSION OF TALKS IN VIENNA. ON JANUARY 19, THERE 
UNCLASSIFIED . ,. ~ " . _ 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 MOSCOW 20333 til OF 03"""2.72004Z ' " ' '"' 

WERE 1855 APPLICATIONS FOR EXIT" VISAS PENDING FROM 
REFUSENIKS (A WORD THEY SAID THEY DID NOT LIKE) . AS OF 
THE END OF JUNE, 1600 OF THESE PERSONS HAD BEEN GRANTED 
EXIT PERMISSION'. " DENIALS' WERE 'BASED MAINLY ON THE 
GROUNDS OF KNOWLEDGE OF STATE- SECRETS OR -OBJECTIONS FROM 
FAMILY MEMBERS. 

A COMMON EUROPEAN HOME - . _ . - . 



4. AMBASSADOR KASHLEV SAID THE SOVIET UNION VIEWED THE 
EUROPEAN PROCESS AS' CONSTR.UCTIVE AND DYNAMIC, AND THAT 
THE SPIRIT OF EUROPE WAS CHANGING, AS EVIDENCED BY 



Page - 2 



UHCIASSIFIED 

Date Prlntad: 10/31/1997 DOC _J9aUBBRi 89MOSCOW20333 



CHAHHSrii: n/a 



RECENT TRIPS OF PRESIDHSIT GORBACHEV TO THE FRG , UK AND 
FRANCE. THIS SPIRIT WAS GIVING A NEW DIMENSION TO THE 
HELSINKI ACCORDS "AND GORBACHEV'S IDEA OF A COMMON 
EUROPEAN HOME.. 

5. AMB. KASHLEV STATED THAT THE VIENNA CFE NEGOTIATIONS 
MAY BE CONCLUDED IN 1990. ADDITIONAL EVENTS ARE BEING 
PLANNED: - 

— PARIS: SOVIET-FRENCH CONFERENCE ON JOINT LEGAL 
DOCTRINES, THE INCREASING ROLE. OF PARLIAMENTS, AND 



UNCLASSIFIED- 



NNNN 

UNCLASSIFIED ...... '- - - 

PAGE 01 -MOSCOW 20333 '-"02 OF '03 27200Sz '. ~'.Z 

ACTION PA- 02 

INFO LOG-GO "ADS-00' INR-07 " '"""eUR-OO SS-00 CIAE-OO DODE-00 
MSC-OX -NSCE-00 NSAE-00 SSO~00 HA-09 AMM)-01 VO-06 
INRE-00 R-p-10 SP-02 - M-01 PRS-01 ./040 W 

144725 272029Z /60 38 

0 271902Z JUL 89 ..... 

FM AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2471 



Page - 3 



UNCULSSIFIED 

Date Printedt 10/31/1997 DOC_NOHBERs 89MOSCOW20333 CHANNEIii. n/a 1 



INFO USIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0896 
MOSCOW POLITICAL COLLECTIVE 
AMCONSUL LENINGRAD 

UNCLAS SECTION 02 OF 03 MOSCOW 20333 " - - ' 

DEPARTMENT FOR PA.- A/S TUTWILER; ALSO FOR EUR/SOV, 
RP, AND HA 

E.O'. 12356: N/A - 

TAGS: CVXS, PREL, PROP, UR, EINR, PGOV, US 

SUBJECT: JULY- 27 MFA PRESS BRIEFING - 



HANDLING OF CONSULAR AND VISA PROBLEMS; 

— SOFIA: CONFERENCE ON THE ENVIRONMENT (TO TAKE PLACE 

IN OCTOBER OR NOVEMBER) ; 

— POLAND: CONFERENCE ON ECONOMIC COOPERATION; 

— THE OPENING OF NEW CULTURAL CENTERS IN SEVERAL 
EUROPEAN CAPITALS . ' 

FREEDOM OF EMIGRATION — 



UNCLASSIFIED . 

UNCLASSIFIED . . .. ~.. . ... . - . 

PAGE 02 MOSCOW 20333 02 OF 03 ' .27200'5Z 

6. RUDOLF KU2NETS0V, HEAD OF-UVIR, PROVIDED ADDITIONAL 
STATI.STICS ON EMIGRATION FROM THE USSR. HE ANNOUNCED 
THAT A TOTAL "OF 108,000 PERSONS HAD EMIGRATED FROM THE 
USSR IN 19 88', " AND AN ADDITIONAL' 91, 0 00" HAD. EMIGRATED 
DURING THE FIRST SIX MONTHS OF 1989, INCLUDING 1600 OF A 
TOTAL OF 1855 .INDIVIDUALS WHO HAD BEEN TERMED REFUSENIKS 
AS OF JANUARY 19, 1989. 

7 . UVIR IS NOW TELLING ALL SOVIETS WHO WANT TO EMIGRATE 
THAT THEY SHOULD NOT SELL THEIR POSSESSIONS AND GIVE UP 
THEIR APARTMENTS UNTIL THEY HAVE AN ENTRY VISA FOR 
ANOTHER COUNTRY. HE MENTIONED THE LONG LINES AT THE 
U.S. EMBASSY AS AN EXAMPLE OF DIFFICULTIES PEOPLE ARE 
HAVING IN OBTAINING PERMISSION TO IMMIGRATE TO ANOTHER 
COUNTRY. A TOTAL OF 35,000 VISAiS FOR EMIGRATION TO 



Page - 4 



niICXtA.SSXFIED 

•}Ata Printed: 10/31/1997 I>OC_IIUMBER: 89UOSCOW20333 CHAUSTSLi. n/a 1 



ISRAEL WERE ISSUED IN THE FIRST SIX MONTHS OF 1989, AND 
THERE IS LARGE SCALE EMIGRATION TO THE FRG ALSO. 

8. KUZNETSOV MENTIONED THAT AS OF MARCH 1, "1989, PEOPLE 
LIVING IN THE USSR-HUNGARY BORDER AREA HAD BEEN ALLOWED 
TO PASS FREELY BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES WITHOUT VISAS, 
ALTHOUGH THE USSR HAD TO STOP CURRENCY EXCHANGES BECAUSE 
OF A SHORTAGE OF HUNGARIAN CURRENCY 

NEW LEGISLATION 



9 . KUZNETSOV- SPECULATED THAT NEW LEGISLATION WOULD 
ELIMINATE THE NEED FOR AN INVITATION FROM ABROAD ■ FOR 
SOVIETS GOING ONLY ON A TEMPORARY VISIT, ALTHOUGH 
INVITATIONS WOULD STILL BE REQUIRED FOR EMIGRATION. 
KUZNETSOV. REPEATED THE MYTH THAT THE STATE DEPARTMENT 
QUOTE APPROVES ALL -INVITATIONS UNQUOTE (HE APPARENTLY IS 
UNCLASSIFIED - -- . 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 .- MOSCOW 20333 "012 OF 03 272005Z 

REFERRING TO .THE STATE DEPT. VERIFICATION OF SIGNATURES 

— A PURELY NOTARIAL FUNCTION — ON SOME OF THESE 
DOCUMENTS) . 

10 . IN RESPONSE TO A QUESTION ON FREEDOM OF EMIGRATION, 
KUZNETSOV SAID THAT THE SOVIET UNION WAS TRYING TO 
ADJUST ITS INTERNAL LEGISLATION TO BE IN COMPLIANCE WITH 
INTERNATIONAL NORMS, AND- THAT EVEN WITHOUT THE VIENNA 
DOCUMENTS THE SOVIET INTERNAL PROCESS OF DEMOCRATIZATION 
WOULD LEAD TO FREER TRAVEL. KUZNETSOV STATED THAT THE 
SOVIET UNION IS A MEMBER OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY . 
AND WANTS TO OBSERVE INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS . " HE 
ACKNOWLEDGED THAT THERE ARE STILL PROBLEMS: " — 

— THERE IS A SHORTAGE OF AIR TICKETS; 

-THE SOVIET. UNION CANNOT ALLOW EMIGRANTS TO EXCHANGE 

MORE MONEY BECAUSE OF SHORTAGE OF HARD CURRENCY; 

— THERE ARE DIFFICULTIES IN MAINTAINING ADEQUATE 
PRODUCTION OF NEW PASSPORTS. 

ANN0UNCEME3SITS BY GERASIMOV 



Page - 5 



UNCXASSIFIED 

T>at© Printeds 10/31/1997 DOC_NOMBER: 89MOSCOW20333 CHANNBIiS n/a 108 

n". MFA PRESS SPOKESMAN GERASIMOV APPEARED AT THE END 



UNCLASSIFIED 



NNNN 

X3NCLASSXFIED .... 

PAGE 01 MOSCOW ^20333 03 OF 03 ^72005Z 1 

ACTION PA-02 " . . 

INFO LOG-00 ADS-00 TNR-07 " EUR-00 CIAE-00 bobE-00 'mSC-01. 

NSCE-00 -NSAE-00 SSO-00 ' HA.-09 ■ AMAD-01 VO-06 " INRE-00 
RP-10 SP-02 M"~01 ' PRS-Ol /d40 W ' 

— 144762 27202az /60 38 

0 271902Z JUI. 89 - 

FM AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2472" 
INFO USIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0897 _ 
MOSCOW POLITICAL COLLECTIVE . " 
AMCONSUL LENINGRAD - - 

UNCLAS SECTION 03 OF 03 MOSCOW 20333 ' :\ 

DEPARTMENT FOR PA - A/S TUTWILER; ALSO FOR EUR/SOV, 
RP, AND HA - . 

E.O. 12356: -U/A " " -. . 

TAGS: CyrS, PREL, PROP, UR, PINR, PGOV, US 
SUBJECT: JULY 27 MFA PRESS BRIEFING 



Page - 6 



UHCIASSIFIED 

Date Pi:in.fc«di 10/31/1997 DOC_NDHBKRs 89MOSCOW20333 CHAHHELs n/a 108 



OF THK PRESS CONFERENCE FOR BRIEF ANNOUlJCEMENTS . HE 
NOTED: - - . 

— TALKS HAVE TAKEN PIACE ON INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS 
BETWEEN ASST. SEC. OF STATE BOLTON AND DEP. FOREIGN MIN. 

PETROVSKIY; 

— ASST. SEC. OF STATE JOHN KELLY AND SOVIET . 
AMBASSADOR -AT- LARGE KOZOREV WILL MEET. IN STOCKHOUI ON 
JULY 31 TO HOLD TALKS ON PROBLEMS IN AFGHANISTAN 

{GERASIMOV STATED THAT THERE WOULD BE NO OTHER TOPIC OF 
DISCUSSION IN STOCKHOLM, INCLUDING IRAN) ; 

UNCLASSIFIED _ 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02 MOSCOW 20333 -.:03 OF"03 272005Z 

— THAT AW ABC. CORRESPONDENT HAD UNLEASHED A NEW 

SPY -MANIA WITH THE STORY OF FELIX BLOCK, AND EMPHASIZED' 
THAT THE SOVIET GOVERNMENT HAD NO KNOWLEDGE OF MR\ BLOCK 
EXCEPT WHAT HAS APPEARED IN THE WASHINGTON POST; 

— THE USG'S NEW B-2 STEALTH BOMBER; GERASIMOV FURTHER 
SPECULATED ABOUT POSSIBLE MOTIVES FOR BUILDING SUCH A 
FUTURISTIC AIRCRAFT, SINCE WE ALL KNOW THAT A FIRST 
STRIKE WOULD BE SUICIDAL. 

12. LENINGRAD MINIMIZE CONSIDERED. 

MATLOCK - . . - 



Page - 7 



Date Priatfedi XQ/31/1997 , DOCJiqMBEaij,.^4?STXT^ n/a 43 



XHSrCLASSIEIED. ^ , / ... - 
PAGE 01-.- ----- S'5ATE- 5326^1 

ORiGju, :eur-qo -. , .. - , . 



INFO LCKS-Od'-"^ APS-00 ' I1>IR-C>7 .., CXAE-OO 10-19 ' ,.^^I£AE-00 PM-10 

•pVb2- . iKnEiE.-.lib cG-bo : .oes-09' AcnA-ii " sp-02 ' - sR-oe 

. FAJM-Ol^/PRS-rPj;; . 010-04. /013 £^ -..'l:,,, ' ./ ' 

.'4457 ^'t^'' ■ .. " " / . ■" ' , 

DRAFTED BY: EUR/PA; cjsTANLEY 
■■' APPROVED BYr -kuk/PA':' ipHITE ~ 

■. PA/ PRESS: astBckmaii " 3.; ' '^^^r .1,. 7" . 

'.EUR/SOV: JEVANS. . -- - " ] - . ..i . - ^ ■ 

-A---^--^ S*£^--- — ^i|73621 22Dd05Z 760 

0 2123.592 JUL 89 ,-ZEX.V . 
-FM -SpCSTATE WASHDC.. ' ' \ " 

TO ALL EKROPEAN'r DIPLOMATIC POSW'^.IMEDIATE ... . 

V ALL POLADS COLLECTIVE'' ' ' l.'.^'.'.^ 

" USMISSION GENEVA IMMEDIATE ' [''i^.'. .. ..' '.'^ ' 

AircONS^ LENINGRAD "iMliEDIATE -1'- .-'-" /[HOoI IZh 1/ / i 

-•-:-JISC WASHDC :i3aMEDIATE; 0000- ... . - ffeS F'^^Tf,,.,^ J'^^ ^ ^^^T ^'*^r^l 

■;. «ECDEF WASHDC IMMEDIATE 000' 0 C ;p.-tia3 Oi:-.-/ 

.'Zto'd'. LIVE OAK . IMMEDIATE QOOO" ; , :1 . ' ^ '^■'^''^ . 

' iJOim'STAFFWASgDC ..IKffiijiDIATE ; . ' ' " \ L'".. , 

-T'dSIA WASHDC "immediate ObOp KHAB-^p.-«.~.' ' " ' ' V tt—— — . . . • »;igl>Bri»te 
■ USMISSION USUN NEW YORK .'iMlEDiATE " ^- -. ^^J'^'Vt-t— ; - < '5odMiiaa;'&"»Oa^ 

UNCLAS STATE 232671 ^ ".' ..c M.-.' " ' 

FOR PAOS" inSTFORM. c&Msxi^ 

■•■ E.O. 12356; Il/A. - , '•' * " . 

;■ TAGS: OPRC - ' J. V _ .. ■ . . .' . . 

.. SUBJECT: EUR DAILY. PRESS ' GUIDANCE -"JtTLy 21, 1^89 ,'1 V ' 

1'. ' FOIiOWING ARE 7/21/89 ' PRESS- GUIDANCES OF EUROPEAN 
. JNTEESTUIDANCEg OF . EUROPEAN INTEREST . DEPUTY SPOKESMAN 
' . RICHARD -BOUCHER' wAS THE BRIEFER^ 

- UNCLASSIEiED- J-- - ..- " . " ' . ; - . _ 




UNCLASSTFIED...-1— --r- :: - .: -.- . ~-: 
PAGE 02 'state 232671" 



.2. -INQUIRY INTO JWTriVITIES OF 'STATE DEPARTMENT jiblPLOYEE 
(GUIDANCE PREPARED fRIDAY AFTERNOON AND USED AFTER T^E . 



-?age - 1 



UNCIASSIFIKD 

Date Priatedj 10/31/1997 DOC_JtIOMBER: 89STA,Ta:232671 

STORY BROKE ON IHE ABC EVENING NEWS ) 

THE DEPARTMENT 0-F\-Sf ATE ' S BUREAU OF DIPLOMATIC SECDRIUTY ' 
IS COOPERATING WITH AN FBI INQUIRY' INTO REPORTS OF jiLLEGAL 
ACTIVITIES INVOLVING A. STATE DEPARTMENT . EMPLOYEE "AND" ' 
AGENTS OF A' FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE SERVICE. THE SUBJECT OF. 
THIS INQUIRY, -IS MR. FELIX BLOCK, ■ A -CAREER FOREIGN SERVICE \. 
OFFICER, CURRENTLY ASSIGNED AT THE STATE DEPARTMENT AS 
DIRECTOR OF THE OFFICE OF REGIONAL POLITICAL -ECONOMIC 
AFFAIRS IN THE BUREAU OF EUEDPEACJ AND CANADIAN AFFAIRS. 
MR. BLOCK HAS BEEN PLACED ON ABMINISTRATIVE LEAVE'aND HIS 
STATE DEPARTMENT BUILDING PASS HAS BEEN" WITHDRAWN PENDING 
RESOLUTION OF THIS MATTER . THE FEDERAL AGENCIES INVOLVED 
ARE PURSUING. THE INQUIRY THOROUGHLY IN-ORDER TO IDENTIFY 
THE EXTENT OF THE COMPROMISE OF SECURITY WHICH hrh 
OCCURRED AND APPROPRIATE LEGAL STEPS . 

3. U.S. -SOVIET REGIONAL EXPERTS TALKS: PRESS ANNOUNCEMENT 

(USED) 

AS PART. OF OUR ON-GOING DIALOGtfE WITH" THE" SOVIET UNION" ON ' 
REGIONAL QUESTIONS, U.S. AND SOVIET EXPERTS WILL MEET IN - 
STOCKHOLM JULY 31-AUGUST 1 TO- DISCUSS AFGHANISTAN. WE 
ALSO EXPECT TO . RAISE -ISSUES RELATED TO -IRAN. U.S. EXPERTS 
WILL BE HEADED .BY ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE FOR NEAR 
EASTERN -AND SOUTH -ASIAN AFFAIRS JOHN KELLY. 

4. AFGHANISTAN: TONY O'BRIEN EJELEASED : PRESS STATEMENT 
(USED) 

UNCLASSIFIED " 

UNCLASSIFIED ."- _ v. ;:::;zrt: -.v..-^:. . i" :. . 

PAGE. 03. - -.-STATE. '232671 ' ' " " 

WE ARE PLEASED TO CONFIRM THAT TONY- O'BRIEN, THE AMERICAN 
JOtlRNALIST HELD FOR A MONTH BY THE KABUL REGIIIE, . WAS 
RELEASED EARLIER THIS MORNING . WE EXPECT HIM' TO DEPART 
SOON FOR NEW DELHI IN THE COMPANY ."OF OUR CONSULAR OFFICER ' 
RENNY SMITH, WHOM WE HAD SENT TO AFGHANISTAN IN CONNECTION 
WITH THE CASE." ""'THIS OUTCOME"' IS VERY" WM^CdiSffi NEWS. 

5. SOVIET OFFICIALS VISIT (NOT USED) 

Q: WE UNDERSTAND THAT SOVIET DEPUTY FOREIGN MINISTER 
ADAMISHIN IS MEETING TODAY AT THE STATE DEPARTMENT WHAT 1 
IS "THE PURPOSE OF HIS VISIT? . . „ ..... _ _. 



CH&inJEI.: n/a 43 



Page - 2 



X7NCIASSZFZED 

Date Pxintea: 10/31/1997 DOC_^n]KBER: -fidSTATE232671 CHANNEI.: n/a 43 



A: SOVIET DEPUTY FOREIGN MINISTER ANATOLI ADAMISHIN 

WILL BE MEETING WITH -IT. S. OFFICIALS HERE OVER THE NEXT FEW 

DAYS AS PART OF A. CONTINUTNG SERIES OF DISCUSSIONS 
REGARDING HUMAN RIGHTS. MR. ADAMASHIN- HAS PLAYED A - 
CONSISTENT .ROLE WITH US IN NEGOTIATIONS ON AFRICA AND WILL 
MEET WITH ASSISTANT SECRETARY COHEN AS WELL. 

6. CYPRUS: JULY. 19 WOMEN'S MARCH HOME {USED! 

Q : WHAT CAN YOU TELL US ABOUT THE JULY ..19 DEMONSTRATION 
BY GREEK CYPRIOT WOMEN IN NICOSIA AND THEIR -DETENTION BY 

THE TURKISH. CYPRIOTS? 

A: —--ABOUT 500 GREEK CYPRIOT -MEMBERS AND SUPPORTERS OF "" 
THE WOMEN'S WALK HOME ORGANIZATION CROSSED THE-CEASE FIRE 
LINE INTO THE UN-CONTROIiLED BUFFER ZONE IN THE OLD WALLED 
CITY OF- NICOSIA'- JULY 19 IN A DEMONSTRATION-MARKING THE 
15TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE TURKISH INTERVENTION ON THE 
ISLAND. 113 PERSONS, INCLUDING THREE FOREIGN JOURNALISTS 
WERE ARRESTEDl-BY THE TURKISH CYPRIOTS. THE THREE - ' ' 

JOURNALIST WERE RELEASED- ON JULY 20. WE UNDERSTAND THAT.. - 
THE OTHER DETAINEES WILL BE RELEASED IN THE NEXT FEW 
DAYS. WE HAVE CALLED -ON ALL CONCERNED TO ACT WITH 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED — - . - — - - . —I 

PAGE 04 . STATE 232671 - - - _ 

RESTRAINT AND TO COOPERATE WITH THE UN IN RESTORING THE 
STATUS QUO IN -THE BUFFER ZONE. 

Q: WHAT IS TEiE CURRENT STATUS OF THE UN SPONSORED TALKS? 

A: — THE UN SECRETARY GENERAL . HOSTED INTERCOMMUNAL TALKS 
BETWEEN THE " TWO CYPRIOT COMMUNITIES ' LEADERS AT THE END OF 
JUNE, 1989 AT WHICH IT WAS AGREED THAT BOTH S±DES WOULD 
CONTINUE THEIR DIALOGUE IN NICOSIA BEGINNING THE WEEK OF 
JULY .24 AND CONTINUING AS NECESSARY INTO SEPTEMBER, IN THE 
PRESENCE OF THE UN SECRETARY GENERAL ' S - REPRESENTATIVES 
UNTIL AN OUTLINE FOR A SETTLEMENT -TO THE CYPRUS PROBLEM IS 
REACHED. 

7. LENINGRAD MINIMIZE CONSIDERED. 

BAKER - - __ - 



Page - 3 



.'UNCIASSIPIED 
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CHikHNEIit n/a 



144 



UNC3LASSIPIED 




PAGE 01 
ORIGIN EUR- 01 



-STATE 158071 



INFO LOG-00 ADS-00 INR-05 OIC-02 CIAE-00 10-19 NSAE-00 

PA-02 SXL-Ol INRE-00 CGr-00 OES-09 ACDA-13 SP-01 

SR-01 - PRS-01 OIGtOI OIS-Ol /057 R 

0555 ... 

DRAFTED BY: EUR/ PA: CJSTANLEY 

APPROVED BY: EUR/ PA r CRSTEINER, JR. 

PA/ PRESS: ASTOCKMAN 

EUR/SOV: JTEFFT 



O 162148Z MAY 90 ZEX 

FM SECSTATE WASHDC - . 

TO ALL EUROPEAN DIPLOMATIC POSTS IMMEDIATE 

ALL POLADS COLLECTIVE 

USMISSION GENEVA IMMEDIATE 
AMCONSUL LENINGRAD IMMEDIATE 

NSC WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0000 " ■ 

SECDEF WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0000 
INFO LIVE OAK IMMEDIATE 0000 
JOINTSTAFFWASHDC IMMEDIATE 

USIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0000 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK IMMEDIATE . 

UNCLAS STATE 158071 " ' 

FOR PAOS INFORM CONSULS GENEVA PASS NST AND CD DELS 

f E.O. 12356: 0t/A — - 
TAGS: OPRC 

SUBJECT: EUR DAILY PRESS GUIDANCES - MAY 16, 1990 

1. FOLLOWING ARE TODAY'S PRESS GUIDANCES OF EUROPEAN 
INTEREST. THEY WERE NOT USED IN TODAY'S DEPARTMENT 
BRIEFING. DEPUTY SPOKESMAN RICHARD BOUCHER WAS THE 
BRIEFER . 

UNCLASSIFIED" _ . .. 

UNCLASSIFIED- . 

PAGE 02 STATE " 158071 



2. LATVIA (EXCERPT BY BAKER IN MdSCOW 5/16 ^ 



■300564 162217Z /66 



Page 



- 1 



U^-^ TOO. 




.'iS.s);Ui«J!y to 



FOIa Dscntplians. 




UNCIASS XFIED 

Date Prlnteds 10/31/1997 DOC_ndmber: 90STATE158071 CHANNEL: n/a 144 



Q: MR. SECRETARY, HAVE YOU HEARD ABOUT THE SITUATION IN 

THE BALTICS? ' - - 

SECRETARY BAKER: YES, I HAVE. IT'S NOT ENCOURAGING. 

Q: MR. -SECRETARY, WHAT'S WRONG WITH THE SITUATION THAT 
YOU'VE HEARD ABOUT IN LATVIA AND ESTONIA? 

SECRETARY BAKER: WHEN I SAID IT'S NOT ENCOURAGING, I'M 
REFERRING TO THE FACT, OF COURSE, THAT WE WOULD LIKE TO 
SEE A DIALOGUE DEVELOP WITH RESPECT TO THE SITUATION IN 
THE BALTICS GENERALLY. THAT DIALOGUE HAS NOT AS YET 
DEVELOPED . 

Q: MR. SECRETARY, WILL THAT INTERFERE AT ALL, IN YOUR 
VIEW, WITH YOUR DISCUSSIONS WITH THE SOVIETS THIS WEEK? 

SECRETARY BAKER: WE WILL BE DISCUSSING THE BALTICS IN MY 
TALKS WITH. THE SOVIET LEADERS . 

Q: WILL THAT GET IN THE WAY OF PREPARATION FOR THE 
SUMMIT. ... 

SECRETARY BAKER: LET'S WAIT AND I'LL GIVE YOU A COMMENT 
AFTER I HAVE HAD A CHANCE TO TALK WITH SOME OF MY. 
INTERLOCUTORS.-- I HAVEN'T HAD THAT CHANCE YET, RALPH 

Q: IS THERE A CLOUD OVER THESE TALKS BECAUSE OF EVENTS IN 
LATVIA, ESTONIA AND LITHUANIA? . .. 

UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED . _ 

PAGE 03 - STATE 158071 " - " 



SECRETARY BAKER : I SPOKE TO THAT EARLIER WHEN I WAS WITH . 
YOU DURING THE COURSE OF lytY MEETING WITH PRESIDENT 
MUBARAK. IT'S NOT ENCOURAGING TO US TO SEE THE ABSENCE OF 
A DIALOGUE. WE WOULD LIKE TO SEE THIS RESOLVED, OF ' - " 
COURSE, IN A PEACEFUL MANNER AND' THROUGH DIALOGUE BETWEEN 
THE SOVIET LEADERSHIP AMD LITHUANIANS. THE MINISTER KNOWS 
THIS BECAUSE WE HAVE DISCUSSED IT. BEFORE. AND WE HOPE 
THAT HAPPENS. 



3 . TERRORISM; STATE SPONSHORSHIP- 



Page - 2 



UNCIi&SSXFXSD 

Da.t:e Printed: 10/31/1997 DOCjeiDIIBERs 90STATE158071 CHAMHEIis n/a 



144 



Q: WHAT HAS THE U.S. DONE TO COUNTER STATE-SPONSORED 
TERRORISM? 

A: — THE UNITED STATES HAS TAKEN THE LEAD IN PRESSURING 
STATES THAT SUPPORT TERRORISM. SUCH COUNTRIES ARE DEALT 
WITH PRIMARILY THROUGH POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC MEANS, BOTH 
BILATERALLY AND IN CONJUNCTION WITH OUR ALLIES. 

— WE HAVE CONVEYED TO STATE SPONSORS THAT AS LONG AS THEY 
CONTINUE TO SUPPORT TERRORISM, THEY CANNOT HAVE GOOD 
RELATIONS WITH THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER LIKE-MINDED 
NATIONS. 

— WE ANNUALLY PUBLISH A LIST OF NATIONS THAT SPONSOR 
TERRORISM AND APPLY STRONG ECONIMIC SANCTIONS AGAINST 
THOSE STATES. COUNTRIES CURRENTLY ON THE LIST ARE: 
LIBYA, IRAN, SYRIA, NORTH KOREA, SOUTH YEMEN, AND CUBA. . 

Q: WHY DON'T WE USE- MILITARY FORCE MORE _ OFTEN, SUCH AS 
PRE-EMPTIVE AND RETALIATORY STRIKES? 

A: — THE USE OF MILITARY FORCE IS ONE OF A NUMBER OF 

UNCLASSIFIED ... 

UNCLASSIFIED . 
PAGE 04 STATE 158071 

OPTIONS THAT WE CAN USE AGAINST STATE SUPPORTERS OF 
TERRORISM. WE APPLIED THIS OPTION AGAINST LIBYA IN 1986.' 
WE HAVE .THE WILL AND THE MILITARY CAPABILITY TO USE FORCE 
AGAINST TERRORISTS AND THEIR SUPPORTERS WHEN IT IS 
WARRANTED. .- 



4. PAN AM 103: TASK FORCE ON REPORT'S RECOMMENDATIONS 



Q: ANY UPDATE ON STATE'S VIEW OF THE REPORT ISSUED 
YESTERDAY BY THE PRESIDENT'S COMMISSION ON AVIATION 
SECURTY AND -TERRORISM? 

A: — THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE COOPERATED CLOSELY WITH THE 
PRESIDENT'S COMMISSION AS THE REPORT WAS BEING PREPARED. 
WE BELIEVE IT IS AN EXCELLENT PIECE OF WORK, AND WE ARE 
STUDYING THE BEST WAY TO IMPLEMENT THE RECOMMENDATIONS 
THAT APPLY TO THIS DEPARTMENT. ACTING SECRETARY 
EAGLEBURGER. HAS DIRECTED IVAN -SELIN, UNDER SECRETARY FOR 



Page - 3 



DNdi&SSIFXED 

Date Printed: 10/31/1997 DOC _NDMBER: 90STATE158071 CHANNELS n/a 



MANAGEMENT, TO SET UP A TASK FORCE TO -REVIEW AND TO 
IMPLEMENT THESE RECOMMENDATIONS AS APPROPRIATE AS SOON AS 
POSSIBLE. 



5. NEW YORK -TIMES MAGAZINE ARTICLE ON FELIX BLOCK CASE 
(MOT USED) 



Q: THE NEW YORK TIMES MAGAZINE ARTICLE ON THE FELIX BLOCK 
CASE CONTAINED A STATEMENT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAD NOT 
ASKED FOR BELGIAN SECURITY SERVICE ASSISTANCE AND 
MISTRUSTED THE BELGIAN SERVICE. IS THIS TRUE? DID YOU 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 05 STATE . 158071 

ASKED BELGIAN ASSISTANCE? 

A: -- BELGIUM IS A VALUED ALLY WITH WHOM WE HAVE CLOSE 
AND FRIENDLY RELATIONS. 

— AS YOU KNOW, WE CANNOT COMMENT ON INTELLIGENCE MATTERS. 

Q: WERE U.S. INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED IN BELGIUM 
WITHOUT THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE BELGIAN GOVERNMENT? 

A: — I CANNOT DISCUSS INTELLIGENCE MATTERS, SO I CANNOT 
ANSWER THAT QUESTION. 



6. GREECE: BASE NEGOTIATIONS 



Q: ANY COMMENT ON THE GOG SPOKESMAN'S REMARKS THAT A 
"POSITIVE OUTCOME" MAY BE POSSIBLE ON THE BASE NEGOTIATION 
TALKS? 

A: THE LATEST ROUND OF RESUMED BASE NEGOTIATION TALKS 
WHICH ENDED YESTERDAY WERE POSITIVE AND PRODUCTIVE. WE 
LOOK FORWARD TO INITIATION OF THE NEXT ROUND OF TALKS IN 

WASHINGTON ON MAY 22. 

WE CONTINUE TO .3ELIEVE A NEW DEFENSE COOPERATION AGREEMENT 
IS IN THE INTEREST OF BOTH COUNTRIES, AND LOOK FORWARD TO 
CONCLUDING AN AGREEMENT WHICH WILL ACCOMPLISH THAT. . 



Page - 4 



Date PrixLtad: 10/31/1997 DOC_}tIDKBER: 90STATE158071 .CHANNEL: n/a 144 



Q: WHEN WOULD YOU ANTICIPATE CONCLUDING NEGOTIATIONS ON 
AN AGREEMENT? 

A. WHILE WE HOPE FOR CONTINUED PROGRESS ONCE NEGOTIATIONS 
RESUME IN WASHINGTON NEXT WEEK, I CANNOT SPECULATE ON 
TIMING OF CONCLUSION OF AN AGREEMENT. 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED . ... . _ 

PAGE 06 ..STATE 158071 



7 . GREECE ; RASHID 



Q: (IF ASKED) WHAT IS THE STATUS OF THE U.S. REQUEST FOR 

EXTRADITION OF MOHAMMED RASHID? 

A: OUR REQUEST FOR THE EXTRADITION OF RASHID STANDS. WE 
LOOK TO THE MITSOTAKIS GOVERNMENT TO UPHOLD THE MAY 1989 
RULING OF THE GREEK SUPREME COURT THAT RASHID IS 
EXTRADITABLE . 

Q: (IF ASKED) WHEN WOULD YOU EXPECT THE MITSOTAKIS 
GOVERNMENT TO ACT- ON THE U.S. REQUEST? -- 

A: THAT IS A QUESTION WHICH YOU SHOtJLD PUT TO THE 
GOVERNMENT OF . GREECE . " . _ 



8 . GREECE : . EM MITSOTAKIS VISIT TO U.S. 



(ONLY IF ASKfeD) . .. ... 

Q: ANY COMMENT ON GREEK PRESS REPORTS CONCERNING PRIME 
MINISTER MITSOTAKIS' VISIT TO WASHINGTON? 

A; — PRIME. MINISTER MITSOTAKIS WILL BE IN THE U.S. ON A 
PRIVATE VISIT IN EARLY JUNE. THE PRESIDENT HAS INVITED 
HIM TO A MEETING AND LUNCHEON ON JUNE 6. 

— THE PRIME MINISTER AND FOREIGN MINISTER SAMARAS WILL 
UNCLASSIFIED .- ' .._ " : " 

UNCLASSIFIED 



Page - 5 



UNCUISSIFIED 

Date Printeds 10/31/1997 DOC_2n}UBS!R:.. 90SHJWTB158071 . cBAlOlEZif n/a 144 

PAGE 07 STATE 158071 " 

ALSO HAVE A SEPARATE MEETING WITH SECRETARY BAKER ON JUNE 
4. 

— I HAVE NO FURTHER DETAILS ON PLANNING FOR THIS VISIT AT 

PRESENT. 

9. LENINGRAD MINIMIZE CONSIDERED. 
EAGLEBURGER 



X^NCLASSIFIED 



Page - 6 




Tightening Sanctions - Nest Steps on Land, Sea and Ale 



I. SunmarY 




' ,:-; f^1]llSC. Resolution 661 imposes a near-cos^phrehensive endjacgo 
OB-Iraq; 'ittcludlag financial, trwis and otlioc dealings. 
HDMevet^ questions have ax ism in its iagpleoentation and 
sttbse^ent resolutions have served to provide en£orcenent 
SMSsuces^and nednanison to ensure its strict and nniCoxa 
application. In general, the sanctions have been successful in 
preventing proscribed cargo froK going to or f roai Iraq or 
ooeiqpied Jbnrait bar sea 6r laid, moreover, thus Car, we are not 
aware. oC significant violation lajr air, although this could 
cAwoge over tiae as the aaritiae interdiction beooans even 
: tighter. 

M» ^iCectaln' addiibional Masurm could serve to further 
stnngtliea the Baritiaa effort, and we ccmld useful ly lorge 
OMwensne on applCcation of the mbacgo to tiw air to advance 
bilateral efforts we have alrewSr aade. Me should also seek to 
ensoce that all states freese Ic»|i and Kuwaiti assets as we 
have dcme and, if we can persuade the Soviets, secure agreeaent 
on denial of services to Iraq and bwait. we should, however, 
cesiHt cor rent OK efforts to provide for use of force in the 
air to parallel tesolution 66S beeanse of the risks involved, 
at least in the absmee of further aititary action by Iraq. 



II. nregt — leolntiMi SSa 



■ ) -T 



:; The cnirrent draft focuses on enforcement of the embargo in 
^^he'air.": It also provides for detention of shipping and 
freesing of Iraqi and Kuwaiti assets. It does not provide for 
deni8l^^<^f services to Iraq and° Kuwait or for detention of Iraqi 
oc Kuwai^ti: aircraft. It also does not provide for detention of 
third co'untry^yessels or aircraft being, used ..to transport cargo 
in violation of 661. 

i -^' Corif irming: that 661^1ncluded air transportation, =it 
decides that states should not permit: 

: t i'} ' • ^ ■ ■ !^ ^^^^ ■ ' S 

'■ . ' — ; landing, overflight or departure of Iraqi cargo 

'~ aircraft in their territories except for those carrying 
' medical sjupplies or otherwise authorised by the sanctions 
I'i 'I! cbnmlttee in accordance with 661 and 666; , 



WtG0 36-02U5 



.-^---^ If a ban on all services is included in the 
celolution, thp ground will have to be laid in the 
: Sanctions Committee for sensible iatplcpentation, e.g. to 
permit safety-^related port/air traffic services, and some 
reference to this in the resolution would be desirable. 
Tba departure of the crew would be the detaining state's 
responsibility* although ultimate responsibility should 
fall to Iraq. 

PetBiitiim of Shlpgiott/Airerhct -a . 

Iraqi amd Kmraitl vessels/airGraft entering OS territory 
«ioald be seised as part of the 0.8. assets Crwue lavosed by 
Isscstivs Orter. , Hm draft rsso&nkltm* if adopted, should Iwlp 
msnra this, is dow norldwids* tint it only «tplicitly 
addresaas irss—ls,. There sr* qnssticws x«gscdiiig posslbl* 
Iraqi r«setl«i ttet tnicraiit ecHisidnriag earsCully tAtstbsr to 
add s t«f •reacs to aireraft. la tlbis regard, for Mample. it 
is possibl* tlist if wm SMk mam to lum Iraqi aircraft seised 
lladd aa «oaId cvtslistd Iv coCvsifug to ponrtt oaqoiag refugoe 
•vaeostloii fli^fts. ^ 



colottamit. provisiem %m «hie dtof % veaolvtiem 
sfeoeld bs s i p«i » <t < to roqsico deteetioo of Iraqi vossols 
(aod psrfti^ps siiersft) that ostor • state's torritory 
•ao^pt (or tiMNM osod Cor pe rpos o s spprovod by ths 
SsaetiMis GossAttso. Jls drsftod. ths iosolatioo wosld only 
provide (or aeiasro of vossols la violation of «ai. thus 
looviog tmtoutibed onpty vossols lor aiteraftl . 

r> ii^i. pcovisiM eottid bo sddsd (or vMsels/alrersft of 
tMid conntry ssaetions bioafeors* altboogh tUs «iglit not 
bo ossily nogotisbto st tbis poiat and could bo dif f iealt, 
6r iapraotiesi, to iaploaaot Co.q., oho dotoradnos «ihothoi 
aa eirerlift bad been osod to taosk sanctions?). 

Modalities of iapieaantation should be left to be 
worked out in the Sanctions Coanittee. For example, 
practical responsibility to seise and detain once a ship 
is in p<>rt would rest with the port state/ which would 
;al80 provide for security o£ a vessel and its cargo. A 
decision to offload cargo might depend on its nature (e.g. 
perishability), alternate facilities and .other Cactbrs. 
'There, should jbe no reguirement for the port state to 
provide maintenance. It would have to be "detertninca 
whether there* are conditions under which a vessel and/or 
its cargo might be sold, e.g. to prevent deterioration, 
and the proceeds put into a blocked account. Again, 
departiirie of ^ the cr,ew would be the detaining state'.s 
responsibility, with ultimate responsibility to fall to 

< .i.: If perinitted by the resolution as finally adopted, 
the Sanctions Committee could determine any exceptions to 
the datentlons. Depending on whether we want to consider 
bfCloadinq, sale aiMl othei, fiunctibons, we muld want to 
clarify any focthor c oai t ttoo rolo. 

■ m*^ I* 





iT, — ■ lit would be U8tt£ul to add language that makes cleat 
that vessels and aiccra£t are covered by the general 
assists freeze. ... 

. Freezing of Asaeta 
. .. . ■ n ■ 

As ^noted above r the US and EC have blocked Iraqi and 
Kuwaiti .;a88ets in their territories. Kisuring that. other 
couhtxies do likewise will further tighten sanctions. It would 
be desirable to add language to make clear that this applies to 
all tangible and intangible assets. For example* there are 
Iraqi HIGs in Yugoslavia for servicing. A resolution making 
clear that physical assets are to be frosen would require 
Yugoslavia to Mis* the HIGs* jjust as a denial oC services 
provision would cequirs tlwir (Mssiag all work on the planes. 

— -Ksporting to the tm ss called Cor in the draft 
:^f"S«eas •pproprlats.^ 

j ..^ Txha djcaft resolution does not address vesting of 
' blocked assafts. UiMtex iateraatioBal ' lau, wAien assets ot a 
• foreign govsnaaent or person ara blocked* title renains in 
: the owner. Host often, these assets have been held 
^ (kostsge) pending a esttlsawnt of the underlying dispute, 
r Hie vmec could ^wnsMbly aatboriae the vesting of title 
in the seising govemeent (or in tlwi mil for an agreed 
purpoae consistent with Oiapter VII of the Charter. Mhile 
.' this would be unprecedentwl* so are tha circumtances* 
! including tte scope and Atgree of support for the Iraq 
eadtargo. On the other hand, a general vesting of assets 
would presuBSbly have to take into account existing third 
oparty interests (e.g.* dedicated letters of credit) in 
those assets. Moreover, we do not currently have domestic 
^^ •^ legal authority to vest Iraqi assets. The question of 
vesting assets therefore needs to be deferred for further 
study. 

lr«i>a TranapQitatign ■ 

. ..'Si- "fiii- • ,.;?. !;• * h .; i- ^ 

. .. f - ' , t 

\ <<^' So far as we are aware, land transportation of proscribed 
- ciargo has 'hot bee.n a major problem. It might be use£ul to 
specify trucks or" other land vehicles in the resolution' to 
ensure parity. On balance, however, we believe that making 
this too explicit would pose a major problem for Jordan; which 
continues to receive oil shipments by truck from Iraq. The one 
other potential land problem involves possible connection of 
the/Iraqi oil- pipeline to Iran's. This would be prohibited 
under the ban on services (as it is already by 661*s 
prohibition on any activity promoting Iraqi exports). ^However, 
absent iany, evidence that^lran is willing to inake such 
arrangement', there would' seem to be no need to go further? in 
this area. 

' ■ \ ■ > : i igf 

hit Intortiction 

\ ■ VIS - i- • -'.i - ■■ ■ ■ 

— irnfnrriMinit 1 The resolution deals with ait transport 
In two baaic clastetsx 



81 



.1) Denying Qverflioht and Diplo matic Pressure on " 
yiQlatOES; The current UM draft resolution outlines an 
extension of the current technique the U.S. is using to get 
concerned countries to deny overflight clearances. This polic^y 
would be significantly strengthened by an explicit UM mandate. 

- ' ' ■ ■ - - ' . 

- All flights into Iraq or Kuwait would be denied 
overflight clearances by all states as presui^tive 
violations of UN sanctions. To ovorcwne this presunption 
of violation* the flight would have to stibttit to 
insDMitlon at soae. point outside of Iraq to detemimi that 
it M not cartying proscrlbs^ cargo. It should ba 
-cttODViisda that false awnifouits and tbs changing of flight 
Vl«M CB routs could undstcut the sfCsctivsasss of such an 
uppcetioa rvgias. 

: ~ rUghts whi^ avoidsd tills precsdurs would bs ttachsd 
. aad.Qotsd as sanctions violators as dsscrlbsd bolow. The 
, violatioB could theu imodiattoly bs takm up with thu 
oCfuading statu bgr thu «■ Sanetluns 



^ r If, puipAttud br the susolution as finally adeptud. 
;^ Um saaciiuaui Ootntttv* could nahs •serious sot onir for 
. agreed Imnaadltsrlan fllighUi hut also for diplomatic 

flights sucb as a lurlq Aais f llgbt to confui with Um 
i . ;v 8oor«tsry OMwrsl. Ma could rurnin opun to languagu tbst 
! Might .inolodu such flights as statudl uwa^ions #4 Icog m 

it is not to6 broad. - 

2} iBtdUfiiafciflBx 1h« draft rsAOlutlon also contains 
Inngusgu that ooatanplatM aioru dtanatic Masucus It calls 
on statias to usu all mmsueus pumissablu undor International 
law that do not Mdanger the livea of tbe crew ' ai^ aaf ety of 
tbe aircraft that nay be necessary to prevent the evasion of 
the provisions of iniSC 661 by air transport. This provision 
nay Inply erroneously that we cannot use force in selfHlefense 
where international law would otherwise permit. At tbe sane 
time, we do not want la^nguage that would require or explicitly 
permit the use of force to enforce the air embargo to parallel 
665 f or ;the ;iaari,t,iiBe interdiction effort at this point. It 
would be grieatily preferable to drop this provision. 

must^ recogWse that, absent a credible threat to 
use'fprce, orders 'to land 'may not be obeyed. 

■ Consequently, interceptions of civilian aircraft could 

'^ entail high political risk, e.g., either we acquiesce, in 
"violations br shoot down aircraft. 

i . '1 iBecause' of the inherent risks arid limitations of 
f interception, however, we should not support references to. 
. this form of enforcement and should leave the issue of * 
- interception of aircraft violating national airspace or 
.flight' clearance instructions to the state in question. 
Syria, for example, has already forced down a Libyan cargo 
flight returning from Iraq for violation of Syirian 

■ ■ airspace., 

• .\ '' ' -'4 ■ .i,' ' ??-^fe'p 




- At soiM pointy we may d«icid« we want to go so tat as 
to engage in Interceptions ana attempted force-downs / 
either in international airspace or over another state, at 
that state's, invitation. Absent Security Council 
authorisation, we could base our action on our inherent 
-right of self-defense under the UN charter if we could 
demonstrate that this was a necessary and proportional 
' crespon'se. That would be a high advecse presumption to 
j 'Overcome in; j|u8tifyittg this. 

— Tracking' Violators ; Civil ait traffic control systems, 
possibly supplemented by U.S. and allied assets in the Gulf, 
have the capability to detect, track, and communicate w[ith 
aircraft approaching Iraq «or Kuwait. 

r>iin ordier to give high political visibility to 
sanctions violations, the Sanctions Committee could 
eeiabilsh a central information center to (1) on a 
near-real time basis flag potential violators at the time 
tbey request overflight clearances and alert countries of 
which the clearance has been requested to deny the 
clea'raniee anil <2) assemble end cetelogue Information 
cohoerning violetlone of sanctions by air. (Rote: ICM> 
would not be effective if given this or siotilar tracking 
; or enforceoHnt roles). 

- civil air tra£fic control systems could conceivably 
feed information on flights to and fr<Hn Iraq and Kuwait 
directly to this central point. (A few are already giving 
us this information informally through U.S. l^assies.) 

> - This ne^tworfc would be sufficient to track soine but 
: - - not nearly all potential sanctions busters, supplementing 
this iietworfc with military assets (U.S. or nato awacs, 
etc.) would produce greater increases in information (i.e. 
i riJcivilian aviation assets can tell us the identity of the 
•aircraft while military assets can tell us its location). 
- I ■ ' iV- 'fii-i ■ ' f ' . 

- Howevisr, we believe consideration should be gxven to 
- diverting such assets only if it is found that civilian 

i i-: tracking is -inadequate to prevent significant: diversion by 
^iair. if we^ find that major gaps in coverage exist and are 
* exploited,! or devialop over time, we' can reassess 'using 
.j.vj^- military assets to fill them. 

--Airfields and Inspection Teams: The current dVaft UN 
resolutions; do not establish procedures for determining 
locations at which such aircraft would be required to land or 
the composition of inspection teams. While the nation denying 
overflight clearance should designate the landing facility, it 
*fould probably be to our advantage to at least leave open the 
option of eRtltinitional inspection teams to give this procedure 
some teeth. Tbe grooadwotk fox thtbse issues could be laid In 
Uw Smetimtt OeiMlttm foi Miwltol# im»leM«tatleA of eny 
revime edeyted. 



ELM 



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FOR DEP AS8T SECY BARRY 

C 0 R R E C T E 0 C 0 > Y CTEXT PARA 2CA» 

E«0. tK»CSt QD8 t/3/8C CSCHAUPELE, MIUfAK E. JR.> OR-N 

TAGS* PINT, PINS* PEPR, PL, US, IR 

suBJecrt possmk Hnriim watK 



1. 



tHTIRB TEXT> 



a. HE NOTE-'POLLOUINQ CURRENT CQNSI0ERATX0N8 miRELATEO 
TO QtRECT ftlLATERAL HATTERS BUT APPECTIIQl OUR RELATIONS 
MITH POLAND. 

(A> MITH REOARD TO IRAN POLAND tS ONE OF FEW EE COUN- 
TRIES TO HAKE EVEN^ AN AOHITTEOLY NOT COMPLETELY SATIS- 
FACTORY PUBLIC STATENENT. POLISH ISPORITNS HAS BEEN 
REASONABLY STRAIQHTFORBARO ALTHQUSH IT INCLUDES SINS OF 
QHISSIQN. HO EFFORT HAS HADE TO IHPEOE THE OEC . 17 
ECUHENICAL SERICfi SUPPORTINB IME KLEASE OP THE 
HOSTAQES. 

<B> OOP DUTIFULLY HOUNTEO STANDARD CAMPAIQN AOAIHST 
NATO TNF DECISION BOTH BEFORE AND AFTER THE EVENT, 
HOttEVER, THE HOST EHPHAStlED, EHOTtONAL THEHE MNICH 
ALHQST CERTAINLY ELICITS THE QENERAL SUPPORT OF 



PAGE 02 WARSAW 000S^ 0H201SZ 

VIRTUALLI^ Xeir* ^QLES HAS THE PROSPECT QF'OEPLOYINO 



z p n 



D C 
O C 

> ^ i 




IWTER HePIATE MNQE III86ILES IN THE 
■■MP Hl« BEGN ALHQST HUTS ON APORMtlSTAN* VITH 
TCR^RieP COVERAGE IN THE MEDIA, EX(^T TO HIDE 
THE PAAVDA EXPLANATION OP SOVIET ACTIONS. 
AT THIS MRITINQ POl,AND HAS NOT PUQLIC)lED AN . 
OPFICIAIi MESSAQE TO THE APQHAN HEGlHE IP, INDEED, 
IT HAS SENT AND QIEREK FAILED TO RAISE THE 
SUDJECT TN HIS NE« YEAR* S, EVE SPEECH. ^ 

3. AS HENOTE AND INTERPRET THESE DEVELOP* 
HENTS AND TiV£ NUANCE^ tlHICH PRQ4ECT SOHEHHAT DIFFERENT 
POLISH ATttTUOES THAN THOSE EHANATIN& PRQN HOSCQ« 
AND ELSEHHERE, t AN REMNDED OP A MAJOR ELENEHT IN 
THE PRESIDENT'S CONVERSATIONS lUTH DIEREK IK ' ■ r 
iOCCENBER t917, .l»E., THE RQLE.tl4AT HlLAND CAN PLAV 
tM.THE tlA»4tl«D1tW>l«SCQir'OIAL0DUE, ^ 

^. MORE IN THE INTEREST OF THE US>P0LISH DIALoW TWm 
m THE HDFiE OP ACHIEVING PRO^S ON THESE ISSUES, I 
HONOER WHETHER IT MIQHT'NOT A PRQPlTIOttS NOMENT TO 
HAVE A SUtTA&LE NESSASE FROM THE PRESIDENT m WHICH 
to HANS A MEETXNI} tllTH 8IEREK; I HAD AHTICIPATEO 
SEEKING ANOTHER SUCH HEETINC^ HLY APTEIi THE PARTY 
CONGRESS. 

S. If HAVE NO ILLUSIONS ABOUT THE RESULTS UHtCH CAN BE 
EXPECTED EXCEPT IN Mi A&STMCT UAV. MDUtvaV AS , 
LQNS AS THERE ARE PERCEPTIBLE-OIPPERENCES WTUEEN 
SOVIET AND POLISH ATTITUDES, EVEN IP ONLY IN 
DEQREE, AND AS LONG AS THE POLISH INTERNAL SITUATION 
REMAINS LIBERAL RELATIVE TO THAT OP HOST OF ITS 
.WE SHOULD SEEK SUITABLE OPPORTUNITIES TO 



PAOE 03 WARSAW 0005*) OHaOlSZ ' 

EXPLOIT THE DIFFERENCES. I ADDITION, FOLLOWINB 
HY DEC. 21 HEETINS WITH KANIA IT W<K1L0 BE DESIRABLE 
TO MORE BACK TOWARD A NQRE AHICABLE DIALOGUE WITH 
QIERE..WHO, IN -ANY CASE, IS CLOSER TO THE POLISH 
MAINSTREAM THAN HIS POLITBURO COLLEAGUE. 

#*etSTAlNLY I WOULD NOT EXCLUDE DISCUSSION OP 
SOME OP OUR PERENNIiM. BILATERAL OUfiSTIONS, INCLUDING 
POLISH ECONOHIC AND FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, BUT AN 
IMPORTANT FACTOR IN OUR CONTINUING HIW-LEVEL 




yicussra 



CONTACTS IS the: eXCtWMQE OP vmiS ON IMTERNJITtONM. 
ISSUES^ ESPECIALLir THOSE IN MtlCH POLAND NIQHT BE 
¥IULIN0 TO HAKE— HOUEHER RELOCTANTLY—SOHE INPUT 
IN H08C0W, ESPECIALLY IN T«E CASE OF APSHANISTAN,- 
Tt« POLES HOST 6E APPALLED OVER THIS KIND OP SOVIET 
AOVENTURE^-QR-ttlSAOyENTURE—THE EFFECTS OF HHICH 
NEARLY ALMAYS COST THE POLES SOHETHlHUr-IF NOT IN 
MATERIAL AT LEAST IN PSYCHOL^ I CAL TERi^. lOtOII 
#QR INSTANCE THAT THE POLES ARE UNHAPPY OVER 
HAVINO THEIR ARMS THISTED FOR AID TO VIETNAH, 
CAHSODIA AND CUBA AND OVER CONSTANT SOVIET 
DEHANOS FOR INCREASES IN DEFENSE EXPENDItURES. 

7. THEREFORE, I SEE 1^ ADVANTAGE TO OjSCUSSINQ 
THESE THREE ITEMS, PREFERABLY, ^N HEASUREO NON- 
POLEMICAL TERMS J^PRQPRIATE FOR A GAEAT POWER, 
TO RAISE OTHER OUES^f IONS INCLUOINO FINANCES AND 
FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT, TO OAIN SOME IDEA OF HQK FAR 
OOP MILL 00 IN ITS CURi^T HORE REPRESSIVE ATTI> 
TUOE TOMARD THE INTERNAL OPPOSITION AND TO ASK FOR 
A POSr^CQNSRESS NEETINO AS HELL. 
SCHAUFELE 

SECRET 



iCUSSfiO 




Department of State 



TELEGRAM 




Nil D8.000I3-Q603 



ORIGIN 



STATE QO^alS 



INPQ QCT-00 M»S>QQ 880>00 R 



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PINT. Pfr^, PEPR, PU UR« ip. IR* US 



AMBA^^ADOR*S HE€Ttm UtTH (Uimc 
REP: MARSAU 005(« NOTAL 
ENTIRE JEXT> 

a. QIVEN THE PRESENT Pi;£OCCUPAriQN OP THE PRESIOfllT 'tm > 
IN THE INTEREST OP TIHE. ME HAVE OECIOEO TO PfMtiT A UlTtT 
FR OM THE PRESIDENT TO 8IEREK. THE M«MtMWIU HOMffCS* 



STATE OOHSK 



PAQE 08 



8H0ULP SEEK AN URGENT HEETIN8 8ITH aiCDtV TO OllSfltt 8.t.< 



UUSIFIED 



POLISH ItELATtONS^rN tfOHT OP CURRENT INTERNATIONAL SITUATION 
CREATED 8Y SOVIET INVASION OF APQHANISTAN. . 

3» AH8ASSA00R SHOULD HAKE FOLLOWING POINTS TO QIEItEK: 

— THE UNITED STATES IS SHOCKED BY Xm SOVIET INVASION OF 
AFQ«iiNISTAN, AN ACTION WITH CLEAR IMPLICATIONS FC?*-THE 
SOVIET UNION* S OTHER NEtSHBQRS, AND BY SOVIET OUPLICTY 
BEPORE« OURINS AND AFTER THE ENTRY OF IT) TROOPS INTO THAT 
PORHERLY INDEPENDENT COtmTRY. / \ ■ 

— THIS SOVIET ACTION IS CWTRARY TO ACCEPTABLE NORMS OF 
INTERNATIONAL BEHAVIOR AND, IN PARTICULAR, THE UNITED 

NATIONS CHARTER. IN ACCORDANCE HITH THE CHARTER, THE 
UNITED STATES AND OTHER COUNTRIES ARE SEEKINS UN-.ACTION 
TO BRINO ABOUT A MITHtWAUAL OF SOVIET TR0<»>8 FROM 
APQHANISTAN. 

UNDER THE CIRCUMSTANCES, THE UNITED STATES ALSO FEELS 
COMPELLED TO TAKE CERTAIN ACTIONS— UNILATERALLY AND IN 
CONCERT «TH ITS ALLIES—TQ UNDERLINE TO THE SOVIET UNION 
THE UNACCEPTA8ILITY OF ITS PRESENT BEHAVIOR. 

» IN THIS REGARD, THE PRESIDENT HAS ALSO DECIDED TO DEFER 
SENATE CONSIDERATION OP THE SALT II AQREEHENT OUE TO THE 
VERY UNFAVORABLE CLIMATE FOR RATIFICATION O^ATEO BY THE 
SOVIETS* BEHAVl^. THE PRESIDENT AND THE CONSRESS HILL 
KEEP.JALT II RATIFICATION UNDER ACTIVE REVIEII, RECOQNIZINB 
THAT^NTRY INTO FORCE OF THE AGREEMENT WLL BENEFIT THE 
U.S., THE USSR AND THE ENTIRE HORIO. . 



PAGE OSf' STATE 00*1873 



— WE KILL CONTINUE TO PURSUE OTHER ARMS CONTROL NEWTl- 
AT IONS IN PROGRESS. WE HAVE MADE IMPORTANT NEB PROPOSALS 
IN A NUMBER OF FIELDS— LRTNF, MBFR, CTt—ANO ROPE THAT 
EVEN IN THE TENSE INTERNATIONAL ATMOSPHERE PROQREtS CAN 
BE MMJE IN THIS AREA. 

— THE UNITED STATES ALSO REMAINS CQMMITTEQ TO A CONTlilQ- 
ATION OP THE C8CE' PROCESS AND LOOKS PORBARO TO PSRHCR 
BILATERAL CORSULTATION. ^ 

— THE UNITED STATES HISHES TO STRE«« THAT IT OOEf NOT 



mSSlFlED 



r 



USED 



WISH A RETURN TO THE COLO MAR BUT RATHER A RETURN BY THE 
SOVIET UNfON TO BEHAVIOR COMPATIBLE MITH A RELAXATION IN 
U.S. -SOVIET TEf«SIQN8. 

— HHILE THERE HILL BE AN INEVITABLE DETERIORATION IN 
U.S.-SOVIET'RELATIONS, THE UNITED STATES ALSO HISHES TO 
STRESS THAT IT SEEKS A CONTINUED IWROVEMEN" IN THE US.- 
POLISH RELATIONS AND KILL CWOUCT THOSE RELATIONS ON 
THEIR OWN MERIT. IN THIS CONNECTION, IT IS OUR HOPE* 
THAT PERHAPS POLAND CAN HAVE A POSITIVE INFLUENCE. 

— IMPORTANT IN THIS REGARD HILL BE THE POLISH POSITION 
ON MAJOR INTERNATIONAL ISSUES) BILATERAL FREEDOM OP 
HOVEMBNT ISSUES THAT IMPACT SO DIRECTLY AND HEAVILY ON 
INDIVIDUAL AMERICAN CITIlENSl AND THE STATE OF THE POLISH 
ECONOMY, HHICH BEARS SO HEAVILY ON OUR ABILITY TO ADVANCE 
BILATERAL ECONOMIC RELATIONS. 

— '^ONCERNIND INTERNATIONAL ISSUES, HE ARE AMARE OF 
POLANO*S SITUATION VIS-A-VIS ITS ALLIES. FOR QUR PART, 
HE ASK 

THAT POLAND t l> SHOH AN AHARENESS THAT OUR POSITION ON 
THE INVASION OF AFGHANISTAN IS IN NO HAY CONTRIVED, 
.BASED ON SINCERE CONCERN FOR THE INTERNATIONAL 




PAQE OM STATE 00*iB7S 

SYSTEM AND ON SINCERE WOCK OVER SOVIET DUPLICITY} AND 
a> NOT FORGET THE STARVATION OF NOH MILLIONS OF 
I KAMPUCHEANS, HHOSE DEATHS, LIKE THE HOLOCAUST IN EUROPE, 
^ HILL HAUNT CIVILIZED. NATIONS AND PEOPLES THAT DO N0THIN6. 
IF POLAND CANNOT HELP ON SUCH ISSUES, HE HOULD HOPE THAT 
IT HOULD NOT HINDER THE EFFORTS OF OTHERS OR, AS IN THE 
CASE OF IRAN AND AFGHANISTAN, AT LEAST DISTANCE ITSELF 
T(r THE EXTENT POSSIBLE FROM THE UNHELPFULNESS OF OTHERS. 
IN THIS REGARD, THE POSITIVE ACTIONS OF POLAND HITH REBARO 
TO OUR HOSTAGES AND THE PUBLIC RESTRAINT SHOHN BY POLAND 
HITH REGARD TO AFGHANISTAN HAVE NOT GONE UNNOTICED BY 
THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT OR AMERICAN PEOPLE. 

--.NEITHER HAVE HE IGNORED POLAND'S POSITIVE ACTIONS I'N 
THE PAST THO MONTHS THAT HAVE RESULTED IN THE ISSUANCE 
OF VISAS TO DOZENS OF AMERICANS OF POLISH DESCENT HHO 
HISH TO VISIT FRIENDS AND RELATIVES. SUCH PROGRESS, 



UIFI 



mmm 




WHICH KE MILL PUBLICIZE, WILL STRENQTHEN THE CONSTITUENCY- 
FOR IMPROVED U.S»-P0Ut6H RELATIONS. SIKILAR PROQRESS 
ON DIVIDED FAMILIES, THE NUH8ER OP WHICH IS GREATER NOM 
THAN AT THE TIME OF PRESIDENT CARTER*S VISIT* AND KITH 
REQARO TO TEMPORARY TRAVEL ABRQM BY POLISH INTELLECTUALS 
AT THE INVITATION OF AMERICAN ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS «iOULD 
ALSO GIVE GREAT IMPETUS TO AN IMPROVEMENT OF RELATIONS. 
TI^SE ME HATTERS THAT I WILL SHWTLY SEEK TO DISCUSS IN 
GREATER DETAIL WITH FOREIGN MINISTER WOJTASZEK, I BRING 
THEM TO YOUR ATTENTION NOW ONLY TO UNDERLINE THE HIGH 
LEVEL AND BROAD CONCERN IN THE UNITED STATES ABOUT THE 
FREEDOM OF HOVEHENT ISSUE. ; 

— TRADE AND BUSINESS COOPERATION HAVE BECOME A PAR- 
TICULARLY IMPORTANT COMPCatENT OF OUR RELATIONS, AND' WE 
LOOK FORWARD TO THEIR CWT I NUED' EXPANSION TO OUR MUTUAL 



, PAGE 05 STATE 00^e7aI ■ 

BENEFIT. I WOULD NOT BE FRANK, HOWEVER, IF I DID NOT 
EXPRESS OUR GOVERNMENT'S DEEP CONCERN ABOUT THE DIRECTION 
IN WHICH THE POLISH ECONOMY IS HEADED. UNLESS CURRENT 
ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL PROBLEMSARE APPROPRIATELY 
ADDRESSED SOON, WE SEE NQT< ONLY MAJOR OBSTACLES TO THE 
, CONTlilUEO EXPANSION OF OUR BILATERAL TRADE RELATIONS BUT 

ALSO A LONG-TERM DETERIORATION, IN THE LIVING STANDARDS OF 
THE POLISH PEOPLE. LAST NOVEMBER THE PRESIDENT PERSONALLY 
AUTHORIZED THE EXTENSION OF CCC AGRICULTURAL CREDITS IN 
THE FULL AMOUNT OF POLAND'S REOUEST, DESPITE A MAJOR 
REDUCTION IN THE GLOBAL BUDGET FOR THIS PROGRAM. THE 
; PRESIDENT INDICATED, HOWEVER, THAT WITHOUT A SUBSTANTIAL 
IMPROVEMENT IN POLAND'S ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL SITUATION, 
■ SUCH SPECIAL EFFORTS TO ASSIST POLAND HAY NOT BE FORTH- 
COMING IN THE FUTURE. 

H.^ AS A FINAL POINT, THE AMBASSADOR SHOULD RAISE THE TNF 
QUESTION, MAKING THE FOLLOWING POINTS TO GIEREKt 

— WE AND OUR NATO ALLIES HAVE BEEN STUDYING THE OUE5TI0N 
OF THEATER NUCLEAR FORGE MODERNIZATION AND ARMS CONTROL 
FOR SOME TIME. WE HAVE BEEN CONCERNED AT THE SIGNIFICANT 
IMPROVEMENT IN SOVIET CAPABILITIES IN LONG-RANGE THEATER 
NUCLEAR WEAPONS SYSTEMS ACHIEVED OVER THE PAST DECADE, AT 
A TIME WHEN US DEPLOYMENT LEVELS OF LONG-RANGE THEATER 




V 




yWSIFIED 



NUCtCAft FORCeS tH EURQ^ HAVE REHAINEO VIRTaALL)^ STATIC. 

THE DESTABILIZING IKSUtTS OP SUCH. SOVIET DEVELOPItiNTS 
ARE CLEARv IN PARTICULAR, HE ARE tTftflCERNEO AAOUT Tm 
OUESTION OF LANO-BASeO MISSILES DEPLOYED 8Y THE SOVIET. 
UNION. THE SOVIET UNION NOto HAS OPERATmAL OR UNDER 
CONSTRUCTION BASES THAT CAN SUPPORT ALIWST TOO S8-a0 
BARHEAOS THAT COULD BE LAUNCHED AQAU»ST TARGETS AROUND 
niE SOVIET PERIPHERY), ABOUT OF THESE COULD BE 
TARQETTED ON BEST EUROPE. BEYOND THIS« THERE ARE 



PAQE 06 STATE 00H873 

ROUQHLY HSO 58-«(/S MARHEAOS AfO) A HEDtUH 80HBER FORCE 
^^..:^THAT C<»1L0 ALSO BE TARQETTED ON BESTERN EtHKSPE. IlffiEEO, 
^f?7^N TOTAL BEAPQNS HITH RANQES BREATER THAN KILOHETCRS 

IN THE EUROPEAN TtCATER* NATO IS CIBMENTLY QUTNUtttEREO , 

BY Tt« SOVIET UNION MORE THAN B TO 1. 

• THESE ARE THE CONSIDERATIONS MHICH HAVE SHAPED OUR 
COLLECTIVE ALLIANCE DELIBERATIONS OVER THE PAST TBO 
YEARSv LEADING UP TO n« DECISION MHICH BE AW) fHJR 
ALLIES ADOPTED THIS OECEHBER. THIS DECISION RCSPONOS 
TO A CLEAR AND VISIBLE DANGER TO THE BALANCE fif PQIIC£l 
IN EUROPE, 

— BHILE THE ALLIANCE FELT THE URGENT NEED TO REDRESS ' 
THE SECURITY BALANCE BY TAKING DECIStONS OESIBMEO TO 
HQOERNIZE ITS OBN THEAT^ NUCLEAR FORCE. AT THE SANE 
TINE IT RESOLVED TO HOLD TNF ARHS CONTROL OtSCUSSIQNS 
BITH THE SOVIET UNION AtNEO AT REDUCING THE WOBlRB ' 
DISPARITY AND HOPEFULLY LEADING ULTlNAmYTO RCQSCTrONS. 

— BE HOPE THAT THE SOVIET UNION BILL ReCGRSIOCfl ITS 
INITIAL, NEGATIVE RESPONSE OP JANUARY 1 TO Qiflk QPFCll 
OF SUCH DISCUSSIONS, AND ENTER INTO NEGOTIATIOm Oil 
THIS SUBJECT. 

5. IF GIEREK RESORTS TO IW SOVIET CANARD THAT IT It 
RESPONDING IN AFGHANISTAN TO U.S. ACTIVlTtES Alf«D 
AGAINST THAT COUNTRY. THE AHBASflAOQR SHOULD FIMLY 
REJECT SUCH ALLEGATIONS. VANCC 



iCLASSIFIED 



TEKC OP TELEXaUVH 80WaHSAW000670 



ADPl 





F&GE 01 



WaRSfiW 00670 01 OF 02 211656Z 



ACTION SS-30 

INFO OCT-01 ADS-00 SSO-00 /031 W 

125392 211901Z /SI 

P E 211530Z JAN 80 

FM AMEMBASSY WARSAW 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 8370 

INFO AHEHBASSY HOSCOW 



E.O, 12065: XDS-3 1/21/2000 (SCHAUFELE, WILLIAM E. JR.) OR-M 
TAOS: PINT, PINS, PEPR, PL, UR, AF, IR, US 
SUBJECT: AMBASSADOR'S MEETING WITH, GIEREK / 



2. IN ONE AND A HALF HOURS MEETING THIS MORNING, I FOUND 
SIEREK IN A SOHEHHAT SOMBER HOOD, LSSS AGSESSIVE THAN HE 
HAS BEEN IN SOME OF OUR OTHER HEKTINGS, WHICH HA? BE 
EXPLAINED BY HIS STATEMENT LATE IN THE MEETING, "WE ARE 
WORRIED." AT HIS REQUEST, I WENT THROUGH ALL THE POINTS 
IN REFTELS TO SOME OF WHICH HE DID NOT REPLY, AT LEAST 
DIRECTLY.. 

3. AFGHANISTAN: SIEREK DID HOT VIGOROUSLY DEFEND THE 
SOVIET ACTIONS IN AFGHANISTAN ALTHOUGH HE SUPPORTED THEH. 
HE GAVE THE USUAL EXPLANATION OF INCREASING. OUTSIDE INTER- 
FERENCE IN THE INTERNAL AFFAIRS OF A6HANISTAK WHICH AS 

ram grew in intensit?, the soviet union regarded- as a 

POTENTIAL threat TO ITS SOUTHERN BORDER AREA. 
HE CHARACTERIZED THE US RESPONSE AS A 'BLUNDER, 



PAGE 02 WARSAW 00670 01 OF Q2 211656Z 

PARTICULARLY REGARDING THE SUSPENSION OF GRAIN 
SHIPMENTS, WHICH IS ALSO CONTRARY TO THE 
PRESIDENT'S HUMAN RIGHTS POLICY. HE STATED THAT 
IT WOULD NOT "BRING THE SOVIET UNION TO ITS KNEES". 
OR STARVE THE SOVIET PEOPLE." SE THE JAROSZEK 
STATEMENT IN THE UNITED NATIONS, GIEREK VERY 
POINTEDLY STATED THAT WE SHOULD LOOK AT HIS OWN 
STATEMENT (WARSAW 95 REPORTING GlEHEl^'S' SPE!'X?1 TU 
THE WARSAW MILITfiSY DISTRICT PZP2 PRE-CONGR3SS 




CAPTiOMED 



lECTION 1 OF 2 WARSAW 0670 





PAGE NO 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 80WARS&W000670 



KEETING) WHICH HE SAID WAS IVS Dtli'iNI'x'IVfi VIErf OF 
POLAND REGARDING AFGHANISTAN. GIEHEK STATED THAT 
POLAND ACCEIED US CREDITS AND TECHNOLOGY WITHOUT 
CONDITIONS BUT WENT ON TO SAY THAT IT WOULD NOT 
DIVERT GRAIN SHIPMENTS FROM THE US. HE DID NOT 
ANTICIPATE THAT POLAND WOULD HAVE ANY HIGHER 
TECHNOLOGY THAN THAT WHICH THE USSR HAD DEVELOPED 
OK ITS OWN OR IMPORTED PHOH THE WEST ALREADY. 

4. BILATERAL RELATIONSs GIEREK DID NOT RESPOND 
DIRECTLY TO OUR POINTS REGARDING THE INTERNATIONAL 
ISSUES BUT DURING THIS PART OF MY PRESENTATION HE 
LISTENED WITH UNUSUAL INTENSITY. MY OWN REACTION 
IS - THAT the:? REGISTEEiED, ESPECIALLY SINCE HE DID 
PICK UP THE POINT ABOUT JflHOSZEK'S SPEECH. IN 
A MORE GENERAL SENSE, HE STATED THAT, AFTER THE 
PARTY CONGXiESS AND THE ELECTIONS, POLISH 
DIPLOHACY WOULD BECOME MORE ACTIVE THAN IT HAS 
BEEN OP LATE. 

5- DIVIDED FAMILIES: SOMEWHAT TO MY SURPRISE, 
GIEREK WAS PREPARED FOR THIS AND INFORMED ME THAT 
IN THE LAST WEEK HE HAD IHSTHUCTBD THE. MINISTER 
OF INTERIOR TO DRAW NO DISTINCTION IN ISSUING 



PAGE 03 WARSAW 00670 01 OF 02 211656Z 

EHIGRATION ■ PASSPORTS TO THOSE WHOSE FAMILY . MKKBEEtS 
IN THE US HAD IHUIGRATED LEGALLY OR ILLEGALLY. I 
HOPE TO DISCOVER THE FULL IMPLICATIONS OF THIS 
"CONCESSION" WHEN I HAVE A MEETING WITH WOJTASZEK. 

6. NATO. IN RESPONDING TO MY PRESENTATION ABOUT 
NATO FORCE MODERNIZATION, GIEREK PREDICTABLY CITED 
POLISH PUBLIC OPINION WHICH WAS EXTREMELY UNEASY 
OVER THE DEPLOYMENT OF MISSILES IN THE FEDERAL 
REPUBLIC. HE DID NOT ADDRESS THE ARGUMENTATION ABOUT 
THE SOVIET BUILD-UP WHICH DESTABILIZED THE WEAPONS 
BALANCE op THE SPECIFIC SUGGESTION THAT TNF ASMS 
CONTROL rffiGOTIATIONS AND DISCUSSIONS SHOULD PROCEED. 
HE'' DID CHARACTERIZE THE POLISH PRESS HANDLING OF 
THE NATO DECISION AS RESTRAINED. (HE ALSO SAID THAT 
THE HOLDING US HOSTAGES IN TEHRAN WAS INADMISSIBLE 
AND THAT THE POLISH MEDIA HAD BEEN "ORDERED" 
NOT TO INFLAME THE SITUATION.) 

7. IN RESPONSE, I SAID THAT IT WAS OBVIOUS THAT 
WE DID NOT AGREE ON AFHANISTAK. HOWEVER, THE 
UNITED STATES FOUND THE SITUATION CREATED BY 
SOVIET INTERVENTION IN AFGHANISTAN EXTREMELY 
GRAVE AND WHETHER GIEHK HIMSELF AGREED WITH 
US OR NOT, HE COULD PLAY A HELPP-IL PO'jE hY 
STRESSING TO HIS ALLIES JUST HOU GEtVELY WS PKR 




PAGE NO. 2 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 80WARSAW000670 



CEIVE THE PROBLEM. REGAKDINS TH3 LIB3KALIZJ.1?IOK 
OF PASSPORT ISSUANCE, I SAID THAT WE WELCOME' THE 
STEP OF WHICH HE HAD INFORMED ME AS WELL AS ANY • 
OTHER LIBERALIZATION MEASURES THAT THE POLISH 
AUTHORITIES WOULD UNDERTAKE. I EXPLAINED THAT 
THE UNITED STATES DOES INDEED UNDERSTAND THE 
PSYCH0L0GIC31L FACTORS WHICH AFFECT THE POLISH 
REACTION TO THE NATO DECISION. ALTHOUGH WE SHOULD 
NOT FORGET THE LESSONS OF HISTORY, WE MUST ALSO 
KECOGNIZELTHAT SITUATIONS ARE NOT STATIC AND THERE 




PAGE 04 WARSAW 00670 OX OF 02 211656Z 

HAD BEEN GREAT PROGRESS OVER THE YEARS. SINCE WE 
WERE WILLING TO CONTINUE THE CURRENT ARMS NEGOTIA- 
TIONS IN VARIOUS FORA, IT SEEMED TO KE PERFECTLY 
LOGICAL TO DO THE SAME THING WITH REGARD TO TNF. 
IF THE SOVIETS HOPE FOR ANY MODIFaCATION IN THE 



iMflEO 



NNN 



ifilMIED 

PAGE NO. 3 



TEXT OF TELEGRM 80WARSaW000670 



ADPa 




PAGE 01 
ACTION SS-30 



WARSAW 00670 02 OF 02 211702Z 



INFO OCT-01 



ADS-00 SSO-00 /031 W 



P R 21l|fe0Z JAN 80 
FH^EHBASSY WARSAW 
TO MICSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 8371 
IHFO AMEHBASSY MOSCOW 



■125443 211903Z /51 




SECTION 2 OF 2 WARSAW 670 



EXDIS 



IMPLEMENTATION OF THAT DECISION, IT CANNOT COME 
ABOUT BY REFUSING W NEGOTIATE, ESPECIALLY - 
CONSIDERING THE WESTERN REACTION TO THE SOVIET 
AGGRESSION IN AFGHANISTAN. REGARDING THE STEPS 
TAKEN AGAINST THE USSR, I STATE THAT I DOUBTED 
ANYONE EXPECTED THEM "TO BRING THE SOVIETS TO 
THEIS KNEES" OH "STARVE THE SOVIET PEOPLE" BUT 
THEY REPRESENTED A PENALTY WHICH THE SOVIETS MUST 
EXPECT TO PAY FOR THEIR UNACCEPTABLE BEHAVIOR. 

8. GIEREK INQUIRED ABOUT THE REPORTS OF CHINESE 
AND PAKISTANI TROOPS IN 21FGHANISTAN AND WARNED 
THAT, IF THIS WAS INDEED THE CASE, RESOLUTION OF 
THE AFGHANISTAN SITUATION WOULD BE VERY DIFFICULT 
TO ACHIEVE. HE SUGGESTED THAT THE UNITED STATES 
USE ITS INFLUENCK TO FORESTALL OR STOP SUCH 
DEVELOPMENTS. IT WAS AT THIS POINT THAT GIEREK 
SAID THAT SESPITE AFGflHAitlSTAN, POLAND WISHED THE 
COHTIKUATION OF THE PRESENT RELATIONSHIP WITH THE 
UNITED STATES AND WITH THE WEST BUT "WE ARE WORRIED." 

9. GIEREK SAID HE FOUND IT HARD TO BELIEVE THAT 
THE TWO SUPERPOWERS COULD REFUSE TO SIT DOWN TO 
RESUMETHEIR NEGOTIATIONS ON VARIOUS SUBJECTS AND 



PAGE 02 WARSAW 00670 02 OF 02 2117022 ' 

HE EXPECTEHD THAT, WITHIN A FEW MONTHS, THIS WOULD 
HAPPEN. HE HADE A PLEA FOR THE US NOT TO UNDERTAKE 
ANY ACTION WHICH WOULD HKE THE PRESENT SITUATION . 
ANY WORSE. 

10. I REPLIED THAT "R. FEW MONTHS" SEEHED 
OPTIMISTIC (TO WHICH GJEREK INTERJECTED 
"TWO YEfiRS."). i ADDED THAT THE HIGH DSGRI3E 
OF SOVIET INVECTIVE BEING POURED ON '.•'SS 



TEZT OP TELEGSiM 80WaRSaW000670 



PRESIDENT PERSONALLY ANC TH5 CHASCrEiJ OF 
A«ERICAl^"HYSTERIfi" DID NOT HELP MATTERS. 
IH BOTH lEAM AND AFGHaNISTAN THE US HAD 
REACTED FISHLY AND CALHLY. 

11. REFERRING TO GIEREK'S HEETINQ WITH THE 
PRESIDENT r I REMINDED HIH OF HOW WE VALUED 
HIS OWN INTERPRETATION OF SOVIET POLICIES AND 

ACTIONS JUST AS WE HOPED HE WOULD CONTRIBUTE 
TO MOSCOW'S UNDERSTANDING OF OUR POLICIES 
AND ACTION. GIEREK ACKNOWLEDGED THIS TWO-WAY 
STREET, ADDING THAT THE SOVIET LEADERS LISTENED 
> ^CLpSELY Tq^HIS VIEWS ON WASHINGTON'S POLICIES 
'^THOUGH THEY DID NOT ALWASY HEED THEH. IN THIS 
CONNECTION, I SAID WE WOULD WELCOME A REVIVIFICATION 
OF A MORE ACTIVE, CONSTRUCTIVE POLISH FOREIGN 
POLICY. 

12. GIEHK CLOSED WITH WARM OlEETINGS TO THE 
PRESIDENT AND AGREED THAT WE WHOULD HEET AGAIN 
AFTER. THE PARTY CONGRESS AMD THE SEJH ELECTIONS. 

13. COMMENT; TKE CONVERSATION WAS NOTABLE 




PAGE 03 WARSAW 00670 02 OF 02 211702Z 

FOR iSIEBEK'S RESTRAINT RSO LACK OF CONTEN- 
IIOUSNESS. THERE WAS NONE OF THE PUBLIC 
"DISINFORMATION" CAMPAIGN JUSTIFYING 
SOVIET ACTION IN AFGHANISTAN AND LITTLE 
DIRECT CRITICISM OF THE UNITED STATES. 
SUBDUED, THOUGHTFUL AND OBVIOUSLY CURIOUS 
ABOUT OUR ACTIONS AND POLICIES, QIBHEK 
REFLECTED THE TYPICAL POLISH EH£>HASIS ON 
EUROPE— INCLUDING THE HAPACKI PLAN AND THE 
CONCERN ABOUT THE FRO — AND DESIRE TO AVOID 
A DETAILED DISCUSSION OF AREAS OUTSIDE 
POLAND'S IMMEDIATE INTEREST. 
*' 

14t HE ALSO REFLECTED CURRENT POLISH NERVOUS- 
NESS ABOUT EFFECTS ON POLAND GROWING OUT OF THE 
CURRENT TENSION. HE PROBABLY WAS BASICALLY 

REASSURED BUT NEVERTHELESS LISTENED CLOSELY- 

AND ASKED FOR CLARIFXCRTIOH OCCRSS TONALLY — TO THE 

CAVEATS AND IMPLIED WARNINGS IN KY PRESENTATION. 

15- GIVEN THE CIRCUMSTANCES, IT WAS ABOUT THE 
BEST CONVERSATION WE COULD EXPECT BUT IN THE 
LONGER RANGE, WE WILL HAVE TO SEE HOW MUCH MORE 
PRESSURE MOSCOW WILL PUT ON WARSAW TO SUPPORT THE 
USSR MORE STRIDENTLY- 



mssifi 



PAGE NO. 5 



fEXr OF TELEGRAH 80WaHSAW000670 



16. AS BEFORE I NOTICED IIOK GISHEU, ALKIOUCH 
HE ALWAYS REFERS TO THE SOVIET UNION, CALLS 
THE LEADERSHIP AND PEOPLE "RUSSIAK" BUT IT IS 
HOT ALWAYS TRANSLATED AS THAT. 
SCHAUFELE 



wee 



HNN 



wmm 

FASK NO. 6 



TJ^te .«xi.llt«a.» 03/1Q/199& DOC_JSroMBSRj 88STATE238387 CBANNEL: n/a 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 01 STATE 238387 ... - 

ORIGIN EAP-00 



10 




INFO 



LOG- 00 
NSCE-00 
/034 R 



_ADS-00 
NSAE-00 



lNR-10 
EA-02 



EUR-00 . 
INRE-00 



CIAE- 
USIE- 



00 
00 



DODE-00 
SP-02 



" 10-19 
PRS-01 



DRAFTED BY: EAP/P : STAFF :JMP 
APPROVED BY: EAP/P :AALMASOV 
DESIRED DISTRIBUTION 
NSC 

175455 2313412 /43 

P 231324Z JUL 88 ZEX 
FM SECSTATE WASHDC 

TO ALL EAST ASIAN AND PACIFIC DIPLOMATIC POSTS PRIORITY 

AMEMBASSY PARIS 

AMCONSUL SHANGHAI 

AMCONSUL MELBOURNE 

AMCONSUL PERTH . . 

AMCONSUL BRISBANE 

AMCONSUL CEBU 

AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 

INFO USCINCPAC HONOLULU HI PRIORITY 

SECDEF WASHDC 0000 
FBIS RESTON VA ... 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 

NSC WASHDC 0000 ... 
AMEMBASSY OTTAWA 

GOVGUAM MARIANAS ISLANDS/ 75510/ / 
COMNAVFORJAP YOKOSUKA JAPAN 
CGUSARJ CAMP ZAMA JAPAN/ /IX CORPS 
CINCPACFLT PEARL HARBOR HI CiOKKE 
COMNAVFORKOREA C JOEny 

COMUSKOREA SEOUL KOR 
PORT MORESBY POUCH 
CG FMFPAC HONOLULU HI 
XMT AMEMBASSY PORT MORESBY 
USOFFICE KOROR 
UNCLASSIFIED 




970/6^7 



5c" 



UNCLASSIFIED 



PAGE 02 



STATE 238387 



USOFFICE KOLONIA 

USOFFICE MAJURO 

AMCONSUL HONIARA 

AMEMBASSY BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN 



tmCIJ^SIFXBD 

Date Printeds 03/10/1998 DOC_MDMBERs 88STATE238367 CHABMELs n/a 



UNCLAS STATE 238387 , 

PARIS FOR KANEDA, COMNAVFORKOREA FOR REAR ADMIRAL PENDLEY 

E.O. 12356: N/A 

TAGS: OPRC, XE, US 

SUBJECT: JULY 20 EAP PRESS SUMMARY . 

CINCPAC — PLEASE PASS TO ASSISTANT SECRETARY SIGUR 

MOSCOW FOR POL/EXT ONLY 

INDEX 

— 1. SHULTZ ASIA TRIP/ JAPAN/Mi^RSHALL ISLANDS 

— 2. PHILIPPINES-- . - 

— 3. VIETNAM 

1. SHULTZ ASIA TRIP/ JAPAN/MARSPIALL ISLANDS 

— THE WASHINGTON POST'S OBERDORFER, THE CHRISTIAN 
SCIENCE MONITOR'S SNEIDER, AND THE WASHINGTON TIMES' 
NEILAN CALL TOKYO) REPORT ON THE SECRETARY'S VISIT TO 
JAPTiN. 

OBERDORFER SAYS SHULTZ, "AT THE END OF A SAYONARA VISIT 
TO THE MOST IMPORTANT US ALLY IN ASIA, " SAID TUESDAY THAT 

UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03 STATE 238387 

THE US. AND JAPAN HAVE "TURNED A CORNER" BY REVERSING THE 
SEEMINGLY CONSTANT GROWTH OF THE US -JAPAN TRADE IMBALANCE 
THAT HAS GENERATED SEVERE FRICTIONS FOR MORE THAN A 
DECADE. "THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE 2 LARGEST 
ECONOMIES IN THE WORLD IS ON A GOOD, HEALTHY, POWERFUL 
TRACK. THE WAY TO KEEP IT THAT WAY IS TO KEEP TALKING, " 
HE QUOTES SHULTZ AS TELLING JAPANESE OFFICITU^S . HE SAYS 
SHULTZ SPOKE AFTER THE JAPANESE FOREIGN MINISTRY 
PRESENTED HIM WITH DATA SHOWING JAPAN ' S TRADE SURPLUS 
WITH THE US MEASURED IN DOLLAR TERMS HAD DECREATED FROM 
25 BILLION DOLLARS IN THE FIRST HALF OF 1987 TO 21 
BILLION DOLLARS IN THE SAME PERIOD THIS YEAR, A DECLINE 
OF ABOUT 15 PERCENT. 

OBERDORFER REPORTS THAT THE IMBALANCE WITH THE US HAD 
PREVIOUSLY BEEN DECLINING IN TERMS OF VOLUME, BUT THE NEW 
FIGURES WERE DESCRIBED BY A SENIOR SHULTZ AIDE AS 



DNCIASSIFIED 

Date Rrlnteds 03/10/1998 DOC_NOMBERs 88STATB238387 CHMINEL: n/a 



REVEALING "A CHANGE IN THE TREND LINES" IN IXJIiAR TERMS. 

IN A NEWS CONFERENCE, OBERDORFER ADDS, SHULTZ STATED: "X 
THINK A CORNER HAS BEEN TURNED. IT'S BEEN TURNED^ IN 
RESPONSE TO MAJOR EFFORTS ON BOTH SIDES. IT'S A WELCOME 
DEVELOPMENT." HE SAYS THE SECRETARY ATTRIBUTED SOME OF 
THE IMPROVEMENT IN THE TRADE BALANCE TO THE SOLUTION OF 
SPECIFIC US- JAPAN ISSUES, BUT HE SAID THE BROAD ECONOMIC 
TRENDS IN THE 2 NATIONS ARE EVEN MORE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE 
CHANGE. HE REPORTS SHULTZ SAID JAPAN'S ECONOMIC 
RESTRUCTURING IN THE PAST SEVERAL YEARS HAS MADE IT LESS 
DEPENDENT ON EXPORT-LED GROWTH. OBERDORFER SAYS THE 
FOREIGN MINISTRY FIGURES PRESENTED TO SHULTZ INDICATED 
THAT, AS A RESULT OF DOMESTIC SHIFTS, JAPANESE IMPORTS 
FROM THE US HAVE GROWN BY 40 PERCENT .IN THE FIRST HALF OF 
THIS YEAR, WHICH IS A MAJOR FACTOR IN REDUCING TEE TRADE 
IMBALANCE. 

OBERDORFER SAYS SHULTZ ALSO NOTED THAT THE OVERALL US 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED - . - 

PAGE 04 STATE 238387 

TRADE DEFICIT WITH THE WORLD IS NOW DECLINING, AND HE 
PREDICTED IT MAY DECLINE "RATHER DRAMATICALLY" IN THE 
MONTHS TO COME. 

OBERDORFER QUOTES AN AIDE TO SHULTZ AS SAYING THAT 
BECAUSE MOST OF THE OUTSTANDING TRADE ISSUES HAVE BEEN 
RESOLVED, AT LEAST FOR THE MOMENT, THERE WASN'T MUCH TO 
TALK ABOUT IN THAT AREA DURING THE" SECRETARY'S 
DISCUSSIONS TUESDAY WITH PM TAKESHITA AND OTHER OFFICIALS. 

OBERDORFER REPORTS SHULTZ, IN A BANQUET TOAST TUESDAY 
NIGHT, RECALLED THAT THE TAKESHITA AND REAGAN 
ADMINISTRATIONS HAD ESTABLISHED AN- EXTENSIVE AGENDA OF 

OBJECTIVES WHEN THE NEW JAPANESE PRIME MINISTER VISITED 
WASHINGTON IN JANUARY AND THAT -MOST OF THESE HAVE BEEN 
ACCOMPLISHED OR ARE ON THEIR WAY TO ACCOMPLISHMENT. HE 
NOTES THE ITEMS SHULTZ MENTIONED WERE RESTRUCTURING OF 
JAPT^'S ECONOMY, JAPAN'S ACCEPTANCE OF A GREATER SHARE OF 
THE COST OF MAINTAINING 60,000 US TROOPS IN JAPAN, 
PROCEDURES FOR ACCESS BY US FIRMS TO JAPANESE PUBLIC 
WORKS PROJECTS, AGREEMENT TO REMOVE JAPANESE QUOTAS ON 
BEEF AND CITRUS, A NEW US -JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
AGREEMENT, A REVISED BILATERAL JSIUCLEAR AGREEMENT, 
STRENGTHENING OF JAPAN'S EXPORT CONTROLS ON 
MILITARILY-SENSITIVE TECHNOLOGY, AND CO-DEVELOPMENT OF A 



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NEW FIGHTER PLANE FOR JAPAN. 

OBERDORFER REPORTS AN AIDE TO.SHULTZ SAID THE US IS NOT 
ASKING JAPAN TO ACCELERATE FURTHER THE 5-6 PERCENT ANNUAL 
INCREASES IN MILITARY SPENDING THAT HAVE RESULTED IN A 
30 -BILLION-DOLLAR DEFENSE BUDGET — THE 5TH LARGEST IN 
THE WORLD. _ . . 

UNCLASSIFIED 

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PAGE 05 ,.- state' 23838.7 " 



OBERDORFER POINTS OUT THAT NEARLY ALL THE ISSUES 
MENTIONED HAD. BEEN HOTLY CONTENTIOUS ISSUES IN ONE OR 
BOTH COUNTRIES FOR A TIME. IN SUMMING UP, HE REPORTS, 
SHULTZ SAID THAT "SO MANY ISSUES ARE BEHIND US" THAT THE 
US-JAPANF RELATIONSHIP IS "AS GOOD AND HEALTHY AS IT HAS 
EVER BEEN IN MY OBSERVATION OF IT." OBERDORFER POINTS . 
OUT THAT THIS GOES BACK AT LEAST TO THE EARLY 1970 'S, 
WHEN SHULTZ WAS TREASURY SECRETARY IN THE NIXON 
ADMINISTRATION . 

~ SNEIDER REPORTS SHULTZ AND TOP JAPANESE OFFICIALS 

JOINED TUESDAY IN WELCOMING IRAN'S ACCEPTANCE OF A UN 
CEASEFIRE RESOLUTION, AND OFFICIALS OF BOTH COUNTRIES 
SAID THEY WOULD SUPPORT THE UN SECRETARY-GENERAL ' S 
EFFORTS TO- IMPLEMENT THE PEACE PLAN . HE MOTES TAKESHITA 
SAID JAPAN -WOULD BE WILLING TO DISPATCH NON-MILITARY 
PERSONNEL TO HELP ENFORCE A UN CEASEFIRE. SNEIDER 
OBSERVES THAT JAPAN IS ONE OF THE FEW MAJOR POWERS TO . 
MAINTAIN GOOD RELATIONS WITH BOTH WARRING PERSIAN GULF 
NATIONS. PREVIOUSLY, HE RECALLS, THE GOJ HAD STATED ITS 
READINESS TO PROVIDE ECONOltLC ASSISTANCE TO RECONSTRUCT 
BOTH COUNTRIES FOLLOWING A PEACE AGREEMENT. 

SNEIDER SAYS SHULTZ PRAISED JAPAN'S INCREASED WILLINGNESS 
TO .PLAY A LARGER ROLE XN WORLD AFFAIRS, SAYING: "EVERYONE 
WELCOMES THE FACT THAT JAPAN IS CLEARLY RECOGNIZING 
THINGS IT CAN DO, GIVEN ITS CAPABILITY." . _ . 

ACCORDING TO SNEIDER, THE ATMOSPHERE OF COOPERATION ON 

THE GULF AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL ISSUES REFLECTED THE 
ABSENCE OF BILATERAL PROBLEMS ON THE US -JAPAN AGENDA. 
"IT IS A PLEASURE TO COME AND TALK WHEN SO MANY ISSUES 
ARE BEHIND US , " HE QUOTES SHULTZ AS SAYING . ' HE ALSO 
QUOTES THE SECRETARY AS SAYING THAT "THE CORNER HAS BEEN 
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PAGE 06 STATE 238387 

TURNED" IN REVERSING THE HUGE US -JAPAN TRADE IMBALANCE. 

SNEIDER REPORTS SHULTZ OUTLINED A NUMBER OF. ISSUES THAT 
HAVE BEEN SOLVED SINCE TAKESHITA'S VISIT TO WASHINGTON IN 
JANUARY. "JAPAN HAS ACCELERATED ITS RELIANCE ON DOMESTIC 
DEMAND EXPANSION TO PROMOTE ECONOMIC GROWTH, " HE QUOTES 
SHULTZ AS SAYING, AND HE REPORTS THE SECRETARY POINTED TO 
RESOLUTION OF TRADE DISPUTES SUCH AS ACCESS TO JAPAN'S 
CONSTRUCTION MARKET AND THE RECENT AGREEMENT TO REMOVE 
QUOTAS ON BEEF AND CITRUS IMPORTS. 

SNEIDER SAYS THE SECRETARY ALSO EMPHASIZED IMPROVMENTS IN 
DEFENSE COOPERATION, INCLUDING INCREASED JAPANESE 
CONTRIBUTION TO THE COSTS OF SUPPORTING US FORCES. IN 
JAPAN, AND HE NOTED THE ADOPTION OF A NEW SCIENCE AND 
TECHNOLOGY . AGREEMENT WHICH HE SAID WOULD PROVIDE "VASTLY 
INCREASED INTERCHANGE OF IDEAS.^_" .__ 

SNEIDER OBSERVES THAT SHULTZ ' S PRAISE CAME IN SHARP 
CONTRAST TO HIS HARSH CRITICISM OF SOUTH KOREAN 
RESTRICTIONS ON THE ENTRY OF US PRODUCTS INTO ITS MARKET. 

SNEIDER REPORTS SHULTZ WAS TO LEAVE JAPAN WEDNESDAY FOR 

THE MARSHALL ISLANDS . 

— NEILAN REPORTS SHULTZ TOLD TAKESHITA TUESDAY THAT THE 
2 COUNTRIES' RELATIONS WERE THE BEST THEY HAVE BEEN IN 
HIS EXPERIENCE. HE SAYS, AFTER AN HOUR-LONG MEETING WITH 
THE JAPANESE PM, THE SECRETARY PRAISED TAKESHITA FOR 
ACHIEVING ALL THE PROMISES HE MADE TO REAGAN IN 
WASHINGTON LAST JANUARY, ACCORDING TO JAPANESE FOREIGN 
MINISTRY SOURCES. HE RECALLS THAT TAKESHITA TOLD REAGAN 
AT THE TIME. THAT JAPAN WOULD MAKE ITS BEST EFFORTS TO 
UNCLASSIFIED - - - 

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PAGE 07 STATE 238387 

MEET US REQUESTS TO IMPROVE FOREIGN ACCESS TO JAPAN'S 
PUBLIC WORK PROJECTS AND TO SETTLE A BILATERAL 
AGRICULTURAL DISPUTE, 

NEILAN QUOTES SECRETARY SHULTZ AS TELLING A NEWS 
CONFERENCE THAT HE DISCUSSED DEVELOPMENTS IN CHINA, 
CAMBODIA, THE PHILIPPINES, SOUTH KOREA, AND THE USSR WITH 
JAPANESE LEADERS, AND "I ALSO TOLD THEM ABOUT SOME 



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THOUGHTS WE HAVE ABOUT CENTRAL AMERICA." HE ALSO QUOTES 
SHULTZ AS SAYING THAT "I THINK A CORNER HAS BEEN TURNED 

IN RESPONSE TO EFFORTS ON BOTH SIDES" ON TRADE ISSUES; 

"WE HAVE RESOLVED A GREAT MANY PROBLEMS. NOW WE MUST 
WORK TOGETHER IF WE ARE TO LOWER TRADE BARRIERS. . . TO DO 
ALL WE CAN TO MAKE THE URUGUAY ROUND (OF TRADE TALKS) 
SUCCESSFUL." 

NEILAN REPORTS SHULTZ ALSO PROPOSED TO JAPANESE LEADERS A 
FORUM OF CLOSER DIALOGUE BETWEEN LEADERS OF THE 
ASIA- PACIFIC REGION. HE SAYS THE SECRETARY HAS REPEATED 
THAT CALL AT 

EACH STOP ON HIS ASIAN TOUR BUT THAT IT HAS 
RECEIVED ONLY A LUKEWARM RESPONSE. HE ADDS THAT THE 
SECRETARY ALSO CALLED FOR EXTENDING INTERNATIONAL SUPPORT 
FOR THE AQUINO GOVERNMENT, AND TAKESHITA REPLIED THAT 
JAPAN IS. READY TO COOPERATE WITH THE US TO. HELP THE . 
PHILIPPINES, ACCORDING TO JAPANESE FOREIGN MINISTRY 
SOURCES. _ . 

NEILAN REPORTS SHULTZ RELAYED A MESSAGE FROM ROK 
PRESIDENT ROH TAE WOO TO TAKESHITA EXPRESSING THANKS FOR 
JAPAN'S HELP TO THE ROK IN HOSTING A SUCCESSFUL OLYMPIC 
GAMES. HE ALSO SAYS THAT SHULTZ WAS QUOTED AS SAYING TO 
JAPANESE LEADERS THAT THE US HAS TOLD MOSCOW THAT NO 
FRIENDSHIP CAN BE ACHIEVED BETWEEN JAPAN AND THE USSR 
UNLESS ISSUE OF THE NORTHERN TERRITORIES IS SETTLED. HE 
REPORTS SHULTZ MADE THAT COMMENT IN REFERENCE TO FORMER 
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PAGE 08 STATE 238387 .. 

PM NAKASONE'S WEEK-LONG VISIT .TO . THE SOVIET._UNION THAT IS 
TO START WEDNESDAY. 

NEILAN NOTES THAT NAKASONE WAS ONE OF SEVERAL LDP MEMBERS 
WITH WHOM SHULTZ HAD LUNCH TUESDAY. IN ADDITION TO HIS 
MEETING WITH TAKESHITA, HE REPORTS, THE SECRETARY TALKED 
WITH FINANCE MINISTER MIYAZAWA, FOREICaSI MINISTER UNO, AND 
LDP SECRETARY-GENERAL ABE. 

— REUTER'S GIACOMO (MAJURO) REPORTS SECRETARY SHULTZ 
WEDNESDAY VISITED THE MT^SHALL ISLANDS FOR THE FIRST TIME 
SINCE THIS GROUP OF PACIFIC ATOLLS BECAME INDEPENDENT 
FROM THE US IN 1985. NEARING THE END OF A 3-WEEK TOUR OP 
ASIA, SHE SAYS, THE SECRETARY STATED ON HIS ARRIVAL IN 
MAJURO THAT "NO JOURNEY TO ASIA AND THE PACIFIC WOULD BE 
COMPLETE WITHOUT SPENDING TIME IN A COUNTRY RIGHT IN THE 



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MIDDLE OF THE PACIFIC OCEAN." 

GIACOMO REPORTS A WARM AND FESTIVE WELCOMING CEREMONY 
DREW SEVERAL HUNDRED MARSHALLESE TO THE AIRPORT, AND 
SHULTZ AND HIS ENTOURAGE WERE FESTOONED WITH GARLANDS AND 
FLORAL CROWNS. SHE ADDS THE SECRETARY WAS ENTERTAINED 
WITH UKELELE AND GUITAR MUSIC AND WAS QUICKLY ENLISTED TO 
DANCE BY- A LOCAL WOMAN. — . - . _ . _ 

"I WANT YOU TO KNOW THAT OUR PRESENCE HERE TODAY IS 
INTENDED TO SHOW THE DEEP S3ENSE OF FRIENDSHIP THAT WE 
FEEL FOR THE MARSHALL ISLANDS AND THE PRIDE WE FEEL AT 
YOUR PEOPLE'S HAVING CHOSEN FREELY TO ENTER INTO A 
SPECIAL FREE ASSOCIATION AND RELATIONSHIP WITH US, " 
GIACOMO QUOTES SHULTZ AS SAYING IN HIS ARRIVAL 
STATEMENT. SHE ADDS THAT THE SECRETARY, IN REMARKS 
PREPARED FOR DELIVERY DURING HIS 4-HOUR VISIT, 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 09 STATE 238387 ._ 

ACKNOWLEDGED THE "MAJOR SACRIFICE" MADE BY THE 
MARSHALLESE " IN SECURING PEACE IN OUR POST-WAR WORLD . " 

GIACOMO NOTES THAT THE US HAS A MISSILE RANGE ON THE 
MARSHALL ATOLL OP KWAJALEIN THAT MONITORS THE . . 
TRAJECTORIES OP THE MX AND TRIDENT MISSILES XAUNCHED FROM 
VANDENBERG AFB IN CALIFORNIA, AND BETWEEN 1946 AND 1954, 
SHE ADDS, THE US DETONATED 65 NUCLEAR WEAPONS IN THE 
ATMOSPHERE ABOVE THE ISLANDS THAT SUBJECTED THE ISLANDERS 
TO HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE FALL-OUT. SHE POINTS OUT THAT, 
AS PART OF THE AGREEMENT WHICH GAVE THE MARSHALLS 
INDEPENDENCE IN FREE ASSOCIATION WITH THE US, WASHINGTON 
SET UP A 150 -MILLION-DOLLAR TRUST FUND DESIGNED TO 
PROVIDE FOR 166 PEOPLE WHO ARE STILL LIVING AND WHO WERE 
AFFECTED BY THE FALL-OUT, 

GIACOMO REPORTS SHULTZ WAS DUE TO MEET WITH MARSHALL 
ISLANDS PRESIDENT AMATA KABUA AND FOREIGN MINISTER TOM 
KIJINER BEFORE FLYING TO HAWAII. 

2 . PHILIPPINES 

— REUTER (MANILA) REPORTS A GOP DOCUMENT MADE PUBLIC 
WEDNESDAY SAYS AQUINO CAN SIDESTEP THE ANTI -NUCLEAR 
PROVISION OF THE PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION AND ALLOW US 
BASES TO REMAIN IN THE PHILIPPINES -BEYOND 1991. IT SAYS 
JUSTICE MINISTER SEDPREY ORDONEZ SPELLED OUT THE LEGAL 
POSITION IN A MEMORANDUM TO FOREIGN SECRETARY MANGLAPUS, 



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WHO HEADS THE PHILIPPINE SIDE IN THE CURRENT BASES REVIEW 
TALKS. 

REUTER QUOTES WESTERN DIPLOMATS AS SUGGESTING ORDONEZ'S 
OPINION APPEARS TO OFFER AQUINO A WAY OUT OF AN IMPASSE 
CAUSED BY THE US REFUSAL TO CONFIRM OR DENY THE PRESENCE 
OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND A SENATE BILL BANNING NUCLEAR ARMS 
FROM PHILIPPINE TERRITORY. . . - 
UNCLASSIFIED 

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PAGE 10 " STATE 238387 _ .1"".. 



"BASED ON. . .HISTORICAL ANTECEDENTS, STRUCTURAL PROVISIONS 
IN THE CONSTITUTION, AND THE REALITIES OP FOREIGN 
RELATIONS, IT IS MY OPINION THAT (AQUINO) MAY NEGOTIATE A 
MODIFICATION OR EXTENSION OF THE MILITARY BASES AGREEMENT 

WITH THE US REGARDLESS OF THE PROVISIONS THEREIN (IN THE 
CONSTITUTION? ) PERTAINING NUCLEAR WEAPONS , " REUTER QUOTES 
ORDONEZ AS SAYING. IT REPORTS HE SAID THE 1987 
CONSTITUTION CONFERS ON AQUINO TBIE POWER TO INITIATE AND . 
CONCLUDE TREATIES AFTER FEELING "THE PULSE OF THE SENATE" 
AND THAT SUCH TREATIES ONLY REQUIRE SENATE 
"CONCURRENCE." XT ADDS ORDONEZ, REFERRING TO THE 
CONSTITUTIONAL CLAUSE COMMITTING THE COXMTRY, . "CONSISTENT 
WITH NATIONAL INTEREST, " TO A POLICY OF FREEDOM FROM 
NUCLEAR WEAPONS, STATED: "...THESE WORDS MUST BE VIEWED 
AS THE INSTRUMENT, RATHER THAN THE OBJECTIVE, OF 
TREATY-MAKING POWER . " IT NOTES HE SAID THAT IF A 
NUCLEAR-FREE POLICY IS NOT IN KEEPING WITH THE COUNTRY'S 
NATIONAL INTEREST "IN THE LIGHT OF THE CHANGING PATTERNS 
OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, " AQUINO "MAY DEFER FROM IT, . 
ALTHOUGH SUCH DEFERMENT MAY NOT RECEIVE THE . CONCURRENCE 
OF THE SENATE. " . 

REUTER REPORTS MANGLAPUS SAID ORDONEZ'S OPINION "OF 
COURSE. . .WILL FORM AN IMPORTANT BASIS FOR DEVELOPING (A 
STAND) BY THE PHILIPPINE PANEL." HOWEVER, IT SAYS, 
MANGIAPUS "DID NOT RADIATE OPTIMISM" REGARDING A "PLEDGE".- 
BY AQUINO AND SHULTZ THAT AN AGREEMENT WAS LIKELY BY THE 
END OF THE MONTH. "WE'RE LOOKING FORWARD TO HAVING A 
GOOD TRY AT MEETING THE DEADLINE, BUT THERE IS NO REAL, 
HARD DEADLINE. THERE IS NO MAGIC ABOUT JULY 31," IT - 
QUOTES HIM AS. SAYING . " ' . . 

UNCLASSIFIED " " 



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REUTER NOTES THAT ORDONEZ'S MEMORANDtJM WAS IMMEDIATELY 
ATTACKED BY SEN WIGBERT TANADA, A CHIEF ARCHITECT OF THE 
SENATE ANTI-NUCLEAR BILL. "HIS OPINION GIVES THE 
PRESIDENT THE DECISION TO PUT THE LIVES OF THE FILIPINOS 
IN IMMEDIATE HANGER. THE SAFETY OF THE FILIPINO NATION 
DOES NOT RESIDE IN THE HANDS OF THE PRESIDENT ONLY , " XT 
QUOTES TANADA AS SAYING. 

REUTER REPORTS AMB PLATT LAST MONTH WARNED THAT ENACTMENT 
OF THE ANTI -NUCLEAR BILL COULD SPELL THE END OF THE 
SECURITY RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE US AND PHILIPPINES - 

THE WASHINGTON POST (7/14) REPORTS THE CHAIRMAN OF THE 

PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION ON GOOD GOVERNMENT, WHICH _ IS 
CHARGED WITH TRYING TO RECOVER BILLIONS OF DOLLARS 
BELIEVED TO HAVE BEEN ILLEGALLY AMASSED BY MARCOS, 
RESIGNED AMID CHARGES OF CORRUPTION. IT NOTES AQUINO 
ACCEPTED THE RESIGNATION OF RAMON DIAZ BUT OFFERED HIM A 
MONTH TO RECONSIDER HIS DECISION. 

— REUTER (MANILA 7 /J. 4) REPORTS THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, IN A 

PASTORAL LETTER TO BE READ IN ALL CHURCHES IN THE 
PHILIPPINES LAST SUNDAY, CALLED FOR AN END TO POLITICAL 
KILLINGS AND ALSO CRITICIZED THE. USE BY THE MILITARY OF 
ARMED RELIGIOUS SECTS AND VIGILANTES IN ITS WAR AGAINST 
THE COMMUNIST INSURGENTS. "WE BELIEVE THAT INSTANCES OF 
VIOLENCE AND VIOIiATIONS OF HUMAN FUNDAMENTAL HUMAN RIGHTS 
ARE SIMPLY RELATED TO THE BIGGER PROBLEMS OF WAR AND ITS 
CAUSES. FOR THIS REASON, WE SAY: LET US STOP THIS WAR," 
IT QUOTES THE LETTER BY THE CATHOLIC CONFERENCE OF 
BISHOPS AS SAYING 

REUTER ALSO QUOTES THE PASTORAL LETTER AS SAYING THAT THE 
VIOLENCE SPAWNED BY THE COMMUNIST GUERRILLA WAR SHOXJLD 
UNGUES IF lED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 12 - STATE 238387 ■ ■ 

NOT BE "LICENSE FOR ANYONE TO KILL FREELY THOSE WHOSE 
POLITICS DOES NOT AGREE WITH HIS. IT IS ON THE RECORD 
THAT GRAVE OFFENSES AGAINST LIFE AND PROPERTY HAVE 
ACCOMPANIED THE MILITARY'S USE OF ARMED FANATICAL SECTS 
AND UNDISCIPLINED ARMED VIGILANTES." 



— UPI (ANGELES CITY 7/14) REPORTS COMMUNIST INSURGENTS 



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ANNOtJNCED LAST THURSDAY THE CREATION OF A NEW DEATH . SQUAD 
THAT WOXJLD OPERATE IN NEIGHBORHOODS SURROUNDING CLARK AIR 
BASE. IT SAYS THE "RAMOS CURA BRIGADE" IS NAMED AFTER A 
PROMINENT CIVIL RIGHTS LAWYER KILLED JUNE 18 IN ANGELES. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST'S BABCOCK (7/15) REPORTS THE 
FEDERAL ELECTION COMISSION HAS DROPPED ITS INVESTIGATION 
OF THE SOURCE OF MORE THAN 100,000 DOLLARS IN ALLGEDLY 
ILLEGAL CONTRIBUTIONS FROM THE MARCOS GOVERNMENT TO US 
POLITICAL CANDIDATES IN 1980. - IT SAYS THE FEC VOTED 5-1 
IN MAY TO -CLOSE THE CASE' AFTER HEARING DENIALS BY DR 
LEONILO MALABED OF SAN FRANCISCO THAT A CORPORATION HE 
HEADED WAS USED AS A COVER TO GET MARCOS MONEY INTO US 
ELECTIONS. HE ADDS MALABED, ALLEGEDLY A KEY FIGURE IN 
INVESTIGATIONS OF CORPORATE INVESTMENT OF MARCOS MONEY pi 
US REAL ESTATE, CITED HIS 5TH AMENDMENT PROTECTION -.. 
AGAINST SELF-INCRIMINATION TO QUESTIONS ABOUT WHETHER THE 
SAME FUND WAS USED FOR INTELLIGENCE PURPOSES, INCLtJDIMG 
PAYING FOR ASSASSINATION OF MARCOS FOES. 

BABCOCK REPORTS MICHAEL WITHEY, A SEATTLE ATTORNEY WHO 
FILED THE COMPXJ^INT THAT TRIGGERED THE INVESTIGATION, 
SAID LAST WEEK THAT THE FEC IGNORED EVIDENCE THAT MALABED 
WROTE CHECKS ON CORPORATE ACCOUNTS — WHICH WOULD BE 
ILLEGEL EVEN IF THE MONEY DID NOT COME FROM THE 
PHILIPPINES. HE NOTES WITHEY IS SUING MARCOS, MALABED,. 
tJNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 13 " ' STATE 238387 . 

AND THE PHILIPPINE GOVERNMENT ON BEHALF OF THE! ESTATE OF 
2 MARCOS OPPONENTS WHO WERE MURDERED IN 1981. HE REPORTS 
WITHEY ALLEGES THAT MALABED SET UP THE CORPORATION AS A 

SECRET MARCOS INTELLIGENCE SLUSH FUND. 

BABCOCK SAYS THE FOCUS OF THE FEC INVESTXGATION WAS A 
DOCUMENT SEIZED FROM MARCOS AFTER HE JiRRIVED IN HAWAII IN 
1986 WHICH SUPPOSEDLY SHOWED EXPENSES OF MALABED 'S 
"MABUHAY CORP," INCLUDING 50 , 000-DOLLAR DONATIONS IN 1980 
TO THE CAMPAIGNS OF JIMMY CARTER AND RONALD REAGAN, 
50,000 DOLLARS TO A . FILIPINO-AMERICAN RUNNING FOR THE 
CALIFORNIA STATE LEGISLATURE, AND 10,000 DOLLARS TO SEN 
ALAN CRANSTON (D- CALIF) . HE NOTES MALABED 'S ATTORNEY 
SAID HIS CLIENT NEVER MADE SUCH CONTRIBUTIQN AND HAD BEEN 
PRESSURED BY OTHER MARCOS ASSOCIATES - INTO AXJTHENTICATING 
THE DOCUMENTS. 



— REUTER (MANILA 7/16) REPORTS PHILIPPINE 



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REPRESENTATIVES AT THE BASES REVIEW TALKS SAID THEY 
EXPECT TO START FINALIZING A NEW AGREEMENT NEXT WEEK. IT 
QUOTES A MEMBER OF THE PHILIPPINE TEAM AS SAYING SATURDAY 
THAT "IF BY FRIDAY... WE ARE NOT TALKING OF AN AGREEMENT 
YET, THINGS WILL BE MORE DIFFICULT. IF WE CAN'T AGREE BY 
THE END 

OF JULY, I DON'T SEE HOW WE CAN AGREE AT ALL." 
IT ADDS THE PHILIPPINE OFFICIAL SAID FINAL PROPOSALS FROM 
BOTH SIDES WERE TO BE PRESENTED MONDAY BEFORE NEGOTIATORS 
START WHAT HE DESCRIBED AS "A MAKE OR BREAK SESSION. " 

REUTER ALSO REPORTS THAT FOREIGN SECRETARY MANGLAPUS SAID 
IiAST FRIDAY THAT THE MEETING THIS WEEK IS IMPORTANT 
" BECAUSE WE ARE APPROACHING OUR GOAL . " IT SAYS MANGLAPUS 
STATED THAT AN AGREEMENT IS NEEDED BEFORE THE END OF JULY 
TO ALLOW THE US CONGRESS TO DISCUSS IN THEIR 1990 BUDGET 
THE NEW COMPENSATION FOR THE BASES; THE DEADLINE FOR 
SUBMISSON OF THE NEW BUDGET WILL BE IN SEPTEMBER, .IT SAYS 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 14 STATE 23 83 87. . _j: ■ 

HE ADDED. 

MEANWHILE, REUTER REPORTS, AQUINO LAST FRIDAY DENIED SHE 
WOULD VETO THE ANTI -NUCLEAR BILL, IF IT IS PASSED BY 
CONGRESS, IN EXCHANGE FOR HIGHER COMPENSATION FOR THE 
BASES. 

— REUTER (MANILA 7/15) REPORTS THE USSR HAS OFFERED .TO 
PROVIDE FARM EQUIPMENT FOR THE PHILIPPINES' LAND REFORM 
PROGRAM IN EXCHANGE FOR SUGAR AND COPRA OIL, ACCORDING TO 
SEN AQUILINO PIMENTEL SATURDAY. IT NOTES PIMENTEL SAID 
SOVIET OFFICIALS MADE THE OFFER WHEN HE AND 11 OTHER 
PHILIPPINE CONGRESSMEN VISITED MOSCOW FROM JULY 4-13 AT 
THE INVITATION OF THE SUPREME SOVIET. "THEY ARE IN THE 
POSITION TO HELP US IN THIS REGARD. THEY ARE WILLING TO 
ACCEPT PAYMENT IN KIND LIKE COPRA OIL, SUGAR, AND SOME 
OTHER NATURAL RESOURCES , " IT QUOTES PIMENTEL AS SAYING . 

— THE NY TIMES' SHENON (ALSO IN THE BALTIMORE SUN -- 

BOTH 7/17) SAYS THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT IS REVIEWING A 
DRAFT OF A PROPOSED RACKETEERING INDICTMENT OF MARCOS BUT 
HAS NOT MADE A FINAL DECISION ON WHETHER TO BRING 
CRIMINAL CHARGES, ACCORDING TO DOJ OFFICIALS. HE QUOTES 
THE OFFICIALS AS SAYING THE INDICTMENT, PREPARED BY THE 
STAFF OF US ATTORNEY RUDOLPH GIULIANI, ACCUSES MARCOS OF 
RACKETEERING AND FRAUD INVOLVING ALLEGATIONS THAT HE 
ILLEGALLY ACQUIRED HUNDREDS OF MILLIONS OF DOLLARS IN 



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MANHATTAN REAL ESTATE. HOWEVER, HE ADDS, THE OFFICIALS 
SAID DOJ LAWYERS IN. WASHINGTON ARE CONCERNED THE 

INDICTMENT MAY BE TOO BROAD AND THAT IT MAY BE IMPROPER 
TO BRING CRIMINAL CHARGES AGAINST A FOREIGN LEADER FOR 
CRIMES COMMITTED BEFORE HE ACCEPTED ASYLUM (SIC) IN THE 
US. .... 
UNCLASSIFIED _ .. ' . . .._ 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 15 STATE 238387 



SHENON QUOTES ONE OFFICIAL AS SAYING: "THE DEBATE WITH 
GIULIANI IS GOING TO GO ON FOR AT LEAST A FEW DAYS. I 
DON'T KNOW WHAT WE'RE GOING TO-PRESENT TO WHITE HOUSE OR 
WHEN. " HE ADDS THE OFFICIAL DENIED A REPORT IN THE 
"VILLAGE VOICE" LAST WEEK THAT DOJ PLANNED TO ASK REAGAN 
LAST WEEK TO APPROVE AN INDICTMENT OF MARCOS. HE SAYS 
DOJ OFFICIALS STATED THAT NEGOTIATIONS WITHIN THE 
DEPARTMENT HAD BEEN DELAYED WHILE THE HEAD OF DOJ'S 
CRIMINAL DIVISION, ASSISTANT ATTORNEY GENERAL EDWARD 
DENNIS, JR, WAS ON AN OFFICIAL TRIP TO THE USSR. 

SHENON REPORTS THE OFFICIALS SAID THEY EXPECT CHARGES 
EVENTUALLY WILL BE FILED AGAINST MARCOS BUT THAT THEY 
WOULD BE "LESS BROAD" THAN THOSE SOUGHT BY GIULIANI. 

SHENON RECALLS THAT LAST WEDNESDAY THE WHITE HOUSE SAID 
IT HAD NOT RECEIVED A RECOMMENDATION FROM DOJ BUT THAT IT 
WANTED TO REVIEW ANY PROPOSED INDICTMENT. "THIS IS A 
MATTER THAT HAS FOREIGN POLICY IMPLICATIONS, " HE QUOTES 
WHITE HOUSE SPOKESMAN FITZWATER AS SAYING. HE NOTES 
FITZWATER DENIED THAT THE WHITE HOUSE HAS "VETO POWER" 
OVER AN INDICTMENT, BUT HE SAID "WE CERTAINLY WANT TO 
MAKE OUR VIEWS KNOWN TO THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT . " 

ACCORDING TO ADMINISTRATION OFFICIALS, SHENON REPORTS, 
THE WHITE HOUSE IS HOPING TO AVOID THE SORT OF 
EMBARRASSMENT THAT OCCURED THIS YEAR WHEN PANAMA'S 
NORIEGA WAS INDICTED ON DRUG SMUGGLING CHARGES. 

SHENON REPORTS GIULIANI, WHO HAS BEEN INVESTIGATING 
MARCOS FOR MORE THAN A YEAR, HAS REVIEWED A SERIES OF 
TRANSACTIONS INVOLVING SEVERAL VALUABLE BUILDINGS IN 

MANHATTAN. HE RECALLS THAT DOJ SOURCES SAID IN THE PAST 
THEY WERE LOOKING INTO CHARGES THAT MARCOS AND IMELDA 
UNCLASSIFIED 



UNCLASSIFIED 



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PAGE 16 . STATE 238387" 

PURCHASED THE BUILDINGS WITH MONEY THAT WAS 
MISAPPROPRIATED IN THE PHILIPPINES AND INVESTED 
FRAUDULENTLY- IN THE US. HE SAYS A MANHATTAN GRAND JURY 
IS KNOWN TO BE INVESTIGATING MARCOS' ACTIVITIES BOTH 
WHILE HE WAS PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES AND IN THE 2 
YEARS SINCE HE WAS FORCED TO TAKE UP RESIDENCE IN HAWAII. 

SHENON REPORTS THE WHITE HOUSE HAS SAID IT IS CONCERNED 
AN INDICTMENT MIGHT VIOLATE PROMISES MADE TO MARCOS WHEN 
HE AGREED TO LEAVE THE PHILIPPINES. HE QUOTES FITZWATER 
AS SAYING: "HE HAS BEEN GIVEN CERTAIN ASSURANCES BY THE 
US IN REGARD TO THAT DEPARTURE, AND HE STILL HAS 
INFLUENCE AND CONTACTS IN THAT PART OF THE WORLD. SO 
THERE ARE A NUMBER OF FOREIGN POLICY ISSUES THAT NEED TO 
BE CONSIDERED." . . 

IF AN INDICTMENT IS BROUGHT UNDER FEDERAL RACKETEERING 
LAWS, PROSECUTORS- WOULD PROBABLY HAVE TO ESTABLISH THAT 
MARCOS WAS PART OF A CRIMINAL ENTERPRISE INVOLVED IN A 
PATTERN OF CRIMINAL CONDUCT SPANNING A NUMBER OF YEARS, - 
SHENON SAYS. ... 

ACCORDING TO DDJ OFFICIALS, SHENON ADDS, OTHER POTENTIAL 
TARGETS OF THE MANHATTAN GRAND JURY INCLUDE IMELDA MARCOS 
AND SAUDI ARABIAN BUSINESSMAN ADNAN KHASHOGGI . 

— THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE ( 7 /18 7" CARRIES AN AP PHOTO OF 
COMMUNIST INSURGENTS. THE CAPTION SAYS GREGORIO ROSAL, 
ONE OF THOSE PICTURED IN THE JUNGLES OF QUEZON PROVINCE, 
SPEAKING .TO REPORTERS SUNDAY IN A "RARE" PRESS 
CONFERENCE, SAID THAT COMMHNIST REBELS ARE WILLING TO 
OPEN NEW PEACE TALKS WITH AQUINO'S GOVERNMENT. 

UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 17 STATE 238387 

— BUT REUTER {MANILA 7/17) REPORTS ROSAL, WHOM IT 
DESCRIBES AS A LEADING COMMUNIST COMMANDER, IN A TAPED 
MESSAGE RELEASED TO REUTER SUNDAY, REJECTED AQUINO'S 
CONDITION THAT REBELS MUST FORMALLY ASK FOR A RESUMPTION 
OF PEACE TALKS TO END THE INSURGENCY. IT SAYS ROSAL 
ACCUSED AQUINO OF IMPOSING AN "UNACCEPTABLE CONDITION" BY 
DEMANDING THAT THE REBELS MAKE tHE FIRST MOVE AND 
FORMALLY REQUEST NEGOTIATIONS. "NO TRUE REVOLUTIONARY 
CAN ACCEPT THE CONDITION IMPOSED BY THE. FASCIST AQUINO 



tlNCIASSIPIED 

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GOVERNMENT. WHY SHOULD WE ASK FOR TALKS WHEN SHE HAS 
EMBARKED ON A POLICY OF TOTAL WAR AND SHE CALLS US 
TERRORISTS?" IT REPORTS ROSAL SAID. IT ADDS HE DEMANDED 
THAT THE AQUINO "GOVERNMENT "MUST SHOW SINCERITY FIRST." 

REUTER SAYS THE STATEMENT WAS THE FIRST OFFICIAL -SEBEL 
REACTION TO CALLS BY THE COUNTRY'S CATHOLIC BISHOPS FOR A 
RESUMPTION OF PEACE TALKS, BROKEN OFF IN JANUARY 1987. 

— REUTER (MOUNT BANAHAW 7/17) REPORTS COMMUNIST REBELS 
WHO HAVE HELD 5 PHILIPPINE SOLDIERS IN A MOUNTAIN HIDEOUT 
FOR 47 DAYS SHOWED THEIR CAPTIVES TO THE PRESS, SAYING 
THEIR DETENTION PROVES GUERRILLAS CONTROL THE 
COUNTRYSIDE . " IT SAYS JOURNALISTS MET THE SOLDIERS AT A 
GUERRILLA CAMP ON MOUT BAKAHAW, ABOUT- 50 MILES SOUTHEAST 
OF MANILA LAST WEDNESDAY, IT ADDS THAT 4 BATTALIONS OF 
SOLDIERS HAVE BEEN SEARCHING FOR THE SOLDIERS SINCE THEIR 
ABDUCTION ON JUNE 1 DURING A GUERRILLA RAID ON A CHICKEN 
FARM OF THE "SAN MIGUEL CORP," THE COWTRY ' S LARGEST FOOD 
CONGLOMERATE, " ."■ 

— THE WASHINGTON TIMES' "INTELLIGENCE REPORT (7/18) 
REPORTS THE PHILIPPINE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES' 
COMMITTEE ON ENERGY HAS ACCUSED. THE SUBIC BAY HAVAL - . 
STATION AND CLARK AIB. BASE OF DRAINING THE ENERGY OF THE' 
COUNTRY. IT REPORTS COMMITTEE CHAIRMAN HERMINIO. AQUINO 
OF TARLAC PUSHED THROUGH HIS COMMITTEE 2 MEASURES TO DUMP 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 18 STATE 238387 .~ " 

THE US MILITARY FACILITIES FROM THE COUNTRY'S ELECTRIC 
POWER GRID, FORCING THEM TO OPERATE FROM THEIR EMERGENCY 
GENERATING FACILITIES. IT NOTES THAT THE MEASURES, 
APPROVED JUNE 26 BY THE COMMITTEE, WILL BE PRESENTED FOR 
A VOTE OF THE FULL CONGRESS. 

THE TIMES ADDS THAT PRESSURE AGAINST THE BASES IS ALSO 
BEING APPLIED BY THE "LEFTIST 'GABRIELA WOMEN'S GROUP,'" 
WHICH ASSEMBLED A PICKET LINE JUNE 27 NEAR THE US EMBASSY 
IN MANILA. IT SAYS THE DEMONSTRATORS, "MOST OF WHOSE 
LEADERS OPENLY SUPPORT THE COMMUNIST NPA, " SAID THE BASES 
SHOULD BE CLOSED AS A HEALTH HAZARD, CHARGING THAT MOST . 
OF THE 64 FILIPINOS FOUND TO BE INFECTED WITH THE AIDS 
VIRUS WERE MEMBERS OF THE COMMUNISTY OF 26 , 000 . REGISTERED 
PROSTITUTES AND BAR GIRLS WHO SERVE THE US. BASES. 

— REUTER (WASHINGTON TIMES MANILA) AND THE CHRISTIAN 
SCIENCE MONITOR (BOTH 7/19) REPORT COMMUNIST REBELS 



UNCIASSXPIED 

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MONDAY FIRMLY REJECTED A CALL FOR A CEASEFIRE IN THE 
INSURGENCY, "IN A REBUFF TO THE COUMTRY'S ROMAN CATHOLIC 
CHURCH," REUTER SAYS." MEANWHILE, IT ADDS, SUSPECTED 
COMMUMIST REBELS SHOT AND KILLED BOTH A COUNCILLOR IN HIS 
OFFICE IN CENTRAL LUCENA CITY AND A POLICEMAN SENT TO 
ARREST A VILLAGER IN NEARBY BULACAN PROVINCE, ACCORDING 
TO PNA. ... 

REUT^IR NOTES, IN A STATEMENT DELIVERED TO NEWS AGENCIES, 

THE NPA ACCUSED AQUINO'S GOVERNMENT OF DUPLICITY AND SAID 

"CEASEFIRE TALKS CAN NEVER BE POSSIBLE.. WE 

CANNOT ... RESPOND POSITIVELY TO A CALL FOR A CEASEFIRE 

THAT WILL MEAN THE ANNIHILATION OF THE REVOLUTIONARY 

MOVEMENT AND ITS MASS BASE . " IT SAYS THE STATEMENT WAS 

UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 19 STATE 238387 ... 

ISSUED 4 DAYS AFTER THE CATHOLIC BISHOPS' CONFERENCE 
CALLED FOR A SUSPENSION OF HOSTILITIES AND A RESUMPTION 
OF TALKS TO END THE INSURGENCY. "WE ADVISE THE (BISHOPS) 
TO EXAMINE CLOSELY WHO ARE THE REAL CULPRITS IN THIS 
WAR," IT QUOTES THE NPA AS SAYING. 

REUTER REPORTS AQUINO HAS WELCOMED THE CHURCH INITIATIVE, 
BUT SHE SAID THE REBELS MUST MAKE A FORMAL REQUEST FOR 
ANY RESUMPTION OF TALKS. IT ADDS THAT HER SENIOR 
MILITARY COMMANDERS REJECTED THE -BISHOPS' PROPOSAL. 

IN ANOTHER DEVELOPMENT, REUTER SAYS, A SENIOR MILITARY 
COMMANDER HAS ORDERED THE DISMANTLING OF CHECKPOINTS ON 
MAJOR HIGHWAYS FOLLOWING COMPLAINTS OF ALLEGED ABUSES BY 
SOLDIERS AND POLICEMEN MANNING THEM, ACCORDING TO THE 
MILITARY MONDAY. IT REPORTS A MILITARY SPOKESMAN QUOTED 
MAJ GEN RAMON MONTANO, HEAD OF THE PARAMILITARY- 
PHILIPPINE CONSTABULARY, AS SAYING THE CHECKPOINTS WOtJLD 
BE SET UP ONLY DURING EMERGENCIES AND "FOR TACTICAL 
REASONS DURING COUNTERINSURGENCY OPERATIONS . " - - - 

ACCORDING TO REUTER, HEAVILY -ARMED SOLDIERS AND POLICE 
SEARCHING VEHICLES FOR ILLEGAL GUNS AND EXPLOSIVES HAVE . 
BEEN A COMMON SIGHT ON THE STREETS OF MANILA AND OTHER 
CITIES SINCE A SERIES OF ATTEMPTS TO OVERTHROW AQUINO 
BEGAN IN 1986. 

IT NOTES HUMAN RIGHTS GROUPS HAVE ACCUSED 
SOLDIERS AND POLICE OF USING THE CHECKPOINTS TO EXTORT 
MONEY AND HARASS MOTORISTS. - . 



TJNCIASSIFIED 

Date 'Brinted: 03/10/1998 SOCJOaUB&R: 88£ITA.TE2383e7 CHAiniSI>: n/a 

— REOTER (MANILA 7/18) AND THE LA TIMES (7/19) REPORT A 
FORMER SOLDIER, JOSE FRONDA SMTTOS, TESTIFIED MONDAY 1H&T 

BRIG GEN LUTHER CUSTODIO, ONE OF 34 SOLDIERS ON TRIAL 
WITH 3 CIVILIAHS IN THE COl^NECTION WITH THE KILLING OF 
BEMIGNO AQUINO, ORDERED HIM IN 1982 TO KILL THE 
OPPOSITION LEADER AND MZiKE IT LOOK LIKE AN ACCIDENT — 
BUT HE SAID HE DID NOT HAVE THE HEART TO OBEY. "HE .. 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED . . 

PAGE 2 0 -STATE 23 83 87 

INSTRUCTED ME TO KILL SEN AQUINO IF I HAD THE 
OPPORTUNITY," REUTER QUOTES SANTOS AS SAYING. IT ADDS HE 
SAID THE KILLING OF THE PRESIDENT'S LATE HUSBAND WAS 
PLANNED WHILE HE WAS IN EXILE IN THE US. IT NOTES THAT 
AT THE TIME OF AQUINO'S KILLING IN AUGUST 1983, GEN 
CUSTODIO HEADED THE AVIATION SECURITY COMMAND, WHICH WAS 
IN CHARGE OF SECURITY AT M2\NILA AIRPORT, THE SCENE OF THE 
ASSASSINATION. 

REUTER REPORTS CHIEF PROSECUTOR RAUL GONZALES PRESENTED 
SANTOS AS A WITNESS TO BACK HIS THEORY THAT AQUINO'S 
MURDER WAS PART OF A WIDE-RAMGING MILITARY CONSPIRACY 
HATCHED LONG BEFORE AQUINO'S RETURN FROM EXILE. IT ALSO 
REPORTS THAT SANTOS IDENTIFIED A .357 -CALIBER REVOLVER . . 

WITH WHICH THE MILITARY SAID ROLANDO GALMAN SHOT AQUINO 
AS A GUN HE SAW IN CUSTODIO ' S HEADQUARTERS A WEEK BEFORE 
THE MURDER. IT ADDS HE SAID HE SAW CUSTODIO ' S CHIEF AID, 
LT JESUS CASTRO, AND 2 OTHER SOLDIERS HOLDING THE GUN AT 
DIFFERENT TIMES. IT NOTES CASTRO AND THE 2 OTHER 
SOLDIERS ARE AMONG THOSE ON TRIAL. 

— REUTER {MANILA 7/19) REPORTS SANTOS, TESTIFYING FOR A 
2ND DAY, SAID A GENERAL CLOSE TO MARCOS PLANNED THE 
ASSASSINATION. IT NOTES HE SAID GEN CUSTODIO, A -FORMER 
MARCOS INTELLIGENCE CHIEF, ASSIGNED HIM AS TRIGGERMAN, 
PROMISING HIM SANCTUARY ABROAD. IT ADDS SANTOS SAID HE 
AVOIDED THE ASSIGNMENT BY NOT SHOWING UP AT A. FINAL 
MEETING CALLED BY CUSTODIO ON MIDNIGHT AUG 20, 1983. IT 
NOTES CUSTODIO SNICKERED AT SANTOS' TESTIMONY, TELLING 
REPORTERS: "HE'S DREAMING." 

— UPI {SAN FRANCISCO 7/18) REPORTS MARCOS AND IMELDA 
HAVE BEEN SUBPOENAED TO TESTIFY ABOUT AN ALLEGED REAGAN 
UNCLASSIFIED ... 

UNCLASSIFIED 



PAGE 21 



STATE 23 83 87 



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ADMINISTRATION COMMITMENT TO PROSECUTE MARCOS OPPONENTS, 
LAWYERS FOR ANTI -MARCOS ACTIVIST .STEVE PSINAKIS CHARGED 
MONDAY. IT NOTES THAT PSINAKIS CONTENDS THAT A 2 -COUNT 
US DISTRICT COURT INDICTMENT AGAINST HIM FOR ALJjEGED 
CONSPIRACY AND INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF EXPLOSIVES 
WAS SPARKED BY A- PURPORTED MEETING IN NEW YORK IN 
DECEMBER 1980 AMONG RONALD REAGAN, GEORGE _BUSH, AND 
IMELDA MARCOS. IT SAYS PSINAKIS HAS BEEN FREE ON 200,000 
DOLLARS BAIL RAFTER THE PERSONAL lUTERVENTION OF CORAZON 
AQUINO . 

UPI REPORTS THERE WAS NO INDICATION WHETHER MARCOS WOULD 
FIGHT THE SUBPOENA. 

UPI NOTES PSINAKIS SAYS HIS PROSECUTION IS POLITICALLY 

MOTIVATED AND CONTENDS THAT IN 1981 IMELDA MARCOS TOLD 
HIM REAGAN HAD PROMISED HER ANTI-MARCOS ACTIVISTS IN THE 
US WOULD BE PROSECUTED. IT REPORTS US DISTRICT JUDGE 
ROBERT SCHNACKE STRONGLY SUGGESTED MONDAY HE WAS NOT 
BOTHERED BY THE SIMPLE FACT OF GOVERNMENT REPRESENTATIVES 
MEETING TO DISCUSS MUTUAL ANTI-TERRORISM ACTIVITIES AND 
SAID HE WAS MORE INTERESTED IN QUESTIONING LOWER-LEVEL 
GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS INVOLVED IN PROSECUTIONS "TO ENSURE 
THE PROSECUTION WAS NOT INFECTED BY THE TOP-LEVEL 

ACTIVITIES . " 

IN A "SETBACK" FOR PSINAKIS, UPI REPORTS, SCHNACKE 
REVERSED ONE OF HIS EARLIER RULINGS, STATING THAT HE 
WOXILD NOT ALLOW THE DEFENSE TO SEE SECRET FBI AFFIDAVITS 
USED TO JUSTIFY FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE WIRETAPS ON THE 
PSINAKIS HOME IN FEBRUARY 1981. IT SAYS THE WIRETAP 
APPROVALS CAME 3 MONTHS AFTER THE ALLEGED 
REAGAN- BUSH- IMELDA MARCOS MEETING. . IT SAYS SCHNACKE 
ALTERED HIS POSITION AFTER READING A DOCUMENT SEALED FOR 
NATIONAL SECURITY REASONS AND PROVIDED BY THE 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 22 STATE 23 83 87 

GOVERNMENT. - "UNLESS I AM CONVINCED THERE WAS HIGH-LEVEL 
INTRUSION INTO -THE INVESTIGATION . . . THEN I SEE NO NEED TO 
LOOK FURTHER. UNDER THE SPECIAL MANDATE OF THE LAW, IF 
THE PROSECUTORS DID SOMETHING THEY MIGHT NOT HAVE DONE, 
THEN WE NEED TO LOOK FURTHER." 

UPI NOTES ASSISTANT US ATTORNEY CHARLES BURCH SAID THE 
GOVERNMENT WAS PREPARED TO TAKE THE ISSUE IMMEDIATELY TO 



UNCLASSIFIED 

Date Bclnted: 03/10/1998 l>OC_HUHBER: 88S'3*AT&238387 GHAII11EZ.S n/a 



A FEDERAL APPEALS COURT IF SCHKTACKE HAD PERMITTED THE . 
DISCLOSURE OF THE SECRET DOCUMENTS. 

ACCORDING TO -THE FEDERAL INDICTMENT, UPI REPORTS, 
PSINAKIS ASKED ARTURO TACA TO BUY 7 00 FEET OF DETONATION 
CORD AND BLASTING CAPS IN ST LOUIS AND HAD IT TRANSPORTED 
BY BUS TO SAN FRANCISCO. THIS WAS PART OF A PURPORTED 
PLOT TO HASTEN THE FALL OF MARCOS IN THE PHILIPPINES, IT 
SAYS . 

UPI NOTES SCHNACKE SET A JULY 22 HEARING TO LOOK INTO THE 
LEGALITY OF 2 FBI SEARCHES OF TRASH COLLECTED FROM 
GARBAGE CANS OUTSIDE PSINAKIS' HOUSE, IT REPORTS 
PSINAKIS CONTENDS THAT, AT A TIME WHEN HE WAS RECEIVING 
DEATH THREATS, 2 OF HIS DOGS WERE DRUGGED TO ALLOW 
SEVERAL PEOPLE TO TAKE AWAY THE CONTENTS OF HIS TRASH 
CANS. IT REPORTS PROSECUTOR BURCH SAID AGENTS FOUND 
DETONATING CORD IN THE TRASH DURING THE FIRST SEARCH BUT " 
INSISTED THAT FBI AGENTS WERE NOT INVOLVED IN ANY 
DRUGGING OF PSINAKIS' DOGS. - - 

— REUTER (MANILA 7/19) REPORTS THE PHILIPPINE MILITARY 
IS INVESTIGATING... CHARGES THAT SOLDIERS TORTURED A MAN . 
INTO CONFESSING THAT CHURCH FUNDS WERE BEING DIVERTED TO 
COMMUNIST REBELS, ACCORDING TO AN ARMY SPOKESMAN 

UNCLASSIFIED . ....... 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 23 STATE 23 8387 

TUESDAY. IT NOTES NOEL VILLALRA APPEARED BEFORE 
REPORTERS TUESDAY, DISOWNED HIS ALLEGED CONFESSION, AND 
SHOWED HOW SOLDIERS TIED HIS LEGS WITH NYLON CORD BEFORE 
HE UNDERWENT THE "WATER CURE, " IN WHICH HE WAS HELD DOWN 
WHILE WATER WAS POURED THROUGH HIS NOSE.. IT NOTES 

VILLALBA WAS FREED -ON BAIL LAST WEEK AFTER 2 WEEKS IN 
DETENTION IN A SUBURBAN MILITARY CAMP. 

REUTER REPORTS AN ARMY SPOKESMAN SAID ARMED FORCES CHIEF 

GEN RENATO DE VILLA ORDERED A FULL INVESTIGATION OF 
VILLALBA 'S ALLGEATIONS . IT QUOTES COL EMILIANO TEMPLO, 
DEPUTY CHIEF OF THE MILITARY UNIT THAT DETAINED VILLALBA, 
AS SAYING HE "PROBABLY WANTED TO GET BACK INTO THE GOOD 
GRACES OF HIS ORGANIZATION, SO HE CLAIMED HE WAS TORTURED 
TO CALM THE ANGER OF THOSE HE IMPLICATED . " 

REUTER NOTES THE MILITARY HAS SAID VILLABLA SIGNED A 
CONFESSION ADMITTING THAT FOREIGN AID INTENDED TO -FINANCE 
PROJECTS BY A GROUP OF PROTESTANT CHURCHES WAS BEING 



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CmNNELLED TO THE GUERRILLAS. IT ADDS VILLABLA TOLD 
REPORTERS: "THEY FORCED ME TO WRITE A SUPPOSED 
CONFESSION. I DISOWN WHAT I WROTE BECAUSE THEY OBTAINED . 
IT WHILE I WAS UNDER TORTURE OR UNDER DIRECT THREAT OF 
TORTURE . " IT ADDS HE ALSO CHARGED THAT WHILE HE WAS 
REALLY ARRESTED JUNE 27, THE MILITARY FAKED THE DATE TO 
JULY 2 BECAUSE IT WANTED TO MAKE SURE TORTURE MARKS ON 
HIS BODY DISAPPEARED BEFORE ANNOUNCING HIS CAPTURE. 

— REUTER (MANILA) REPORTS AQUINO HAS ASKED "AMNESTY 
INTERNATIONAL," WHICH HAS LISTED HUNDREDS OF ALLEGED" 
HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN THE PHILIPPINES, TO GIVE THE 
COUNTRY BALANCED TREATMENT, THE MALACANANG SAID 
WEDNESDAY. "IT IS (GOVERNMENT) POLICY TO RESPECT HUMAN 
RIGHTS, " IT NOTES A GOP SPOKESMAN QUOTED AQUINO AS SAYING 
AFTER MEETING OFFICIALS OF "AI" TUESDAY. IT ADDS AQUINO 
UNCLASSIFIED 

UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 24 STATE 23 8387 

SAID HER GOVERNMENT WOULD TREAT WITH IMPORTANCE 
COMPLAINTS OF ALLEGED HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS, AND SHE 
ASKED THE GROUP "TO GIVE A BALANCED PICTURE OF THE 

SITUATION IN THE PHILIPPINES . " 

-- REOTER (MANILA) NOTES THAT THE PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION 
ON GOOD GOVERNMENT, A BODY SET UP TO TRACK DOWN MARCOS' 
ALLEGED ILLEGAL ASSETS, HAS NOW BECOME THE TARGET OF 
CORRUPTION CHARGES . . IT SAYS AQUINO ACTED ON THE 
COMPLAINTS TUESDAY, ORDERING AN AUDIT OF THE COMPANIES 
THE COMMISSION HAS TAKEN OVER WHILE INVESTIGATING THEIR 
OWNERSHIP. "BASED ON THESE' (AUDIT) REPORTS, THEN WE WILL 
KNOW WHETHER WE HAVE TO REVAMP THE PCGG OR NOT, " IT 
QUOTES AQUINO AS TELLING REPORTERS. IT NOTES THE PCGG 
ENJOYS SWEEPING POWERS TO SEIZE BANK ACC0X3NTS, STOCK, AND 
OTHER ASSETS IF IT IS SUSPECTED THEY WERE CONTROLLED BY 
MARCOS OR HIS ASSOCIATES. 

IN A SEPARATE CASE, REUTER NOTES, AN ANTI -GRAFT COURT 

TUESDAY ORDERED THE ARREST OF . THE COMMISSION'S DEPUTY 
CHAIRMAN, QUINTIN DOROMAL, ON CHARGES HE HAD -ILLEGALLY 
ALLOWED HIS FAMILY-RUN COMPANY TO BE AWARDED A GOVERNMENT 
CONTRACT. IT SAYS A SIMILAR CASE AGAINST DOROMAL WAS 
FILED LAST YEAR BUT DISMISSED BY THE SUPREME COURT, AND 
DOROMAL DENIES ANY WRONGDOING. 

REUTER ADDS AQUINO ALSO SAID SHE HAS ACCEPTED COMMISSION 
CHAIRMAN DIAZ'S RESIGNATION. LAST WEEK, IT RECALLS, SHE 



UNCIi&SSIFXED 

nate Pcinteds 03/10/1998 DOC_;raHB&R: a8STATE238387 CHANNKZis n/a 



ORDERED BOTH DIAZ AND HIS OPPONENT XW A HIGHLY PUBLICIZED 
DISPUTE, SOLICITOR-GENERAL FRANCISCO CHAVEZ, TO GO ON 
INDEFINITE LEAVE. IT REPORTS AQUINO'S LEGAL COUNSEL, 
ADOLFO AZCUNA, NAMED AS ACTING PCGG CHAIRMAN, TOLD 

UNCLASSIFIED . Z - 

UNCLASSIFIED ' 
PAGE 25 STATE 238387 

REPORTERS THAT ABOUT 100 FISCAL AGENTS OF THE COMMISSION 
WERE BEING INVESTIGATED FOR CORRUPTION IN CONNECTION WITH 
THE COMPANIES THEY WERE HANDLING, 

MEANWHILE, REUTER REPORTS, HOUSE SPEAKER RAMON MITRA SAID 
A BILL SEEKING TO STRIP THE PCGG OF THE IMMUNITY IT 
CURRENTLY ENJOYS AGAINST PROSECUTION WOULD BE AT THE TOP 
OF THE LOWER HOUSE'S AGENDA WHEN CONGRES.S REOPENS ON JULY 

26. ■ ._ . . .... 

3 . VIETNAM - .... 

— UPI (PHILADELPHIA INQUIRER) AND THE THE lA TIMES (BOTH 
SUBIC BAY NAVAL STATION) NOTE THE RETURN OF 3 NAVY FLIERS 
RESCUED BY VIETNAM TO THE SUBIC BAY NAVAL STATION IN THE 
PHILIPPINES. THE LA TIMES (AP) , BOSTON GLOBE (AFP), AND 
USA TODAY CARRY PHOTOS OF THE CREWMEN ON THEIR RETURN. 

THE LA TIMES QUOTES LT RICHARD MAURER AS SAYING: "WE'D 
LIKE TO THANK THE VIETNAMESE NAVY FOR PULLING US OUT OF 
THE SEA AND THE VIETNAMESE GOVERNMENT FOR THEIR COURTESY 
AND HOSPITALITY. THEY TREATED US VERY WELL". THEY WERE 
VERY CONCERNED FOR OUR SAFETY . " WHITEHEAD 



UNCLASSIFIED 



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PAGE 01 
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INFO LOG- 00 




ANKARA 04806 



ACX)A-17 AID- 01 



CHIE-GO C-01 



E-01 

ITC-01 

OIC-02 

SB- 00 

SS-00 

SNIS-00 



FRB-03 
JUSE-00 
0MB- 01 
SCT-03 
STR-17 
/HOW 



OASY-00 

H-01 

LAB-04 

OPIC-08 

SIL-00 

TRSE-00 



AKIAD-Ol 
CISA-00 

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CEA-01 
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TEDE-00 

ADS-00 

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USIE-00 



CIAE-00 

EUR-01 

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SR-00 

£)TC-01 



P 161021Z APR 93 

FM AMEMBASSY ANKARA 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 9680 

INFO SECDEF WASHDC 

JOINT STAFF WASHINGTON DC 

USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE 

AMCONSUL ADANA 

AMCONSUL ISTANBUL 

AMCONSUL IZMIR 

AMEMBASSY ATHENS 

DIA WASHDC/ /DSP-2B// 



-B41FAD 161023Z /38 



ECTION 01 OF 03 ANKARA 04806 



it- 



COME- 00 
EXIM-06 

10-19 
NSCE-00 

P-01 

SSO-00 

RPE-01 



ID 

Q 



DEPARTMENT FOR HA:CFINERTY, EUR/SE AND EUR/RPM 



E.O. 12356: DECL:OADR 

TAGS: PHUM, TU, EAID, ECON. MARR, MASS, PREL 



PAGE 02 . ANKARA 04806 01 OF 03 161022Z 

SUBJECT: COMPLIANCE WITH MILITARY EXPENDITURES 
REPORTING REQUIREMENT: TURKEY 



REF: 



92 ANKARA 09928, 
(C) 92 ANKARA 15129^^ (D) 92 ANKARA 17706" 



(A) STATE 101930, (B| 



1 . (U) PER REFTEL A, WE ARE PROVIDING THE FOLLOWING 
INFORMATION ON TURKEY'S 1992 MILITARY, HEALTH AND 
EDUCATION EXPENDITURES, THE MILITARY'S SIZE AND ROLE, 

FOREIGN MILITARY PURCHASES, AND TURKEY'S WILLINGNESS TO 
PROVIDE DATA ON MILITARY SPENDING AND ARMS REDUCTION TO 
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS. IN THIS CONTEXT, EMBASSY 
NOTES THAT, SINCE TURKEY IS A MEMBER OF NATO, THE THRUST 
OF THE QUESTION ABOUT EFFORTS THIS COUNTRY MAY BE MAKING 



Page 



POIA Exemptions. 



-TS authority to 



Bl ExempcIoi&L. 



-C JCLASSIFyMC )Sor( JCScc 

-C JrxjWNOBADElStoC )SorC )C 




ite Printed: 12/12/1997 DOC_'!iroWRER:;, 93;i|IKARaO4G05 CHANNEIt: n/a 

TO REDUCE MILITARY EXPENDITURES "TREP A, PpA&S ^ i^ND ~6) 
SEEMS MISPLACED. IN FACT, TURKEY HAS INCREASED MILITARY 
EXPENDITURES IN RECENT YEARS. THIS SERVES IMPORTANT 
NATO AND U.S. INTERESTS BECAUSE OF THE INCREASING 
INSTABILITY IN THIS REGION AND BECAUSE IT ENABLES THE. 
TURKS TO ASSUME A GREATER SHARE OF THE MUTUAL SECURITY 
BURDEW. IN RECOGNITION OF THIS, THE UNITED STATES AND 
OTHER NATO COUNTRIES HAVE PROVIDED SIGNIFICANT 
ASSISTAt-fCE TO SUPPLEMENT TURKEY'S OWN, NATIONALLY -FUNDED 
EFFORTS TO MODERNIZE ITS ARMED FORCES. MOST ASPECTS OF 
THIS SITUATION WERE ADDRESSED IN THE EMBASSY'S 
BURDEN- SHARING REPORT FOR TURKEY (REF C) AND WILL BE 
DISCUSSED FURTHER AND UPDATED IN THE 1993 AIASA REPORT. 
RESPONSE IS KEYED TO REFTEL A, PARAGRAPH 6. 



A. MILITARY EXPENDITURES. 




PAGE 03 ANKARA - 04806 01 OF - 03 161022Z 

2.(U) ACCORDING TO OFFICIAL TURKISH GOVERNMENT FIGURES, 
1992 MILITARY APPROPRIATIONS IN USD, AS A PERCENTAGE OF 
THE STATE BUDGET AND AS A PERCENTAGE OF TURKEY'S GNP ARE 
AS FOLLOWS: 

— IN MILLIONS OF USD 3,988 (USD-6, 979TL) 

— AS PERCENTAGE OF GNP 2.6 

— AS PERCENTAGE OF 

— TOTAL STATE BUDGET 13.4 



TURKEY'S DEFENSE SPENDING IS RELATIVELY HIGH BECAUSE OF 
OBLIGATIONS IMPOSED ON TURKEY BY ITS GEO-STRATEGIC 
LOCATION AND ITS NEED TO MODERNIZE AND UPGRADE THE 
QUALITY OF ITS EQUIPMENT. SOME DEFENSE EXPENDITURES ARE 
DIFFICULT TO ISOLATE AND ARE CONTAINED IN OTHER BUDGET 
CATEGORIES. 



EFFORTS TO REDUCE MILITARY FORCES AND EXPENDITURES. 



3 . (U) THE TURKISH MILITARY PLANS TO TRANSITION TO A 
SMALLER, MORE FLEXIBLY-STRUCTURED PROFESSIONAL ARMY IN 
THE YEARS AHEAD, A MOVE THE USG SUPPORTS, BUT WHICH WILL 
BE EXTREMELY COSTLY TO IMPLEMENT. 



mm' 



iCliSSlHE 



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^ Oi-'tHS SOVIET'tJNION 



58 



4. (C) THE GULE. WAR AND 




mmm 



PAGE 04 ANKARA 04806 01 OF 03 161022Z 

FORCED THE TURKISH GENERAL STAFF (TGS) TO RETHINK THEIR 
TRADITIONAL DEFENSE DOCTRINE. WITH THE DISAPPEARANCE OF 
THE THREAT OF A MASSIVE SOVIET-LED GROUND OFFENSIVE, THE 
TURKS NO LOKPGER NEED THE LARGELY STATIC, DEFENSE- IN- 
DEPTH STRATEGY DESIGNED TO COUNTER IT, OR THE LARGE 
CONSCRIPT INFANTRY TO IMPLEMENT THIS STRATEGY. THE 
TRANSFORMATION OF THE THREAT FROM THE NORTH AND THE 
LESSONS OF THE GULF WAR HAVE RESULTED IN SHORTENING OF 
THE PERIOD OF NATIONAL SERVICE FROM 18 TO 15 MONTHS 
(WITH A FURTHER CUT TO 12 MONTHS UNDER CONSIDERATION) 
AND A PLAN TO DOWNSIZE THE ARMY TO 300,000 - 350,000 
TROOPS (FROM A PRE-GULF WAR HIGH OF A HALF MILLION) . 
THE IMPLEMENTATIONS OF THIS 

REDUCTION IS LIKELY TO PROCEED SLOWLY, HOWEVER, WITH NO 
SUBSTANTIAL REDUCTION IN LAND FORCES YET REALIZED. THE 
AIR FORCE AND mVY WILL RETAIN THEIR MANPOWER LEVELS, OP 
APPROXIMATELY 50,000 EACH. WITH CONTINUED UNREST IN THE 



NNNN 



PAGE 01 
ACTION HA- 09 



ANKARA 04806 02 OF 03 161023Z 



INFO LOG-00 ACDA-17 AID-01 AMAD-01 CEA-01 CIAE-00 COME-00 



ClME-00 
E-01 
ITC-01 
OIC-02 
SB- 00 
SS-00 
SNIS-00 



C-01 
FRB-03 

JUSE-00 
OMB-01 
SCT-03 
STR-17 . 

/now 



OASY-00 
H-01 

'LAB- 04 
OPIC-08 
SIL-00 
TRSE-GO 



CISA-00 

INM-02 

L-03 

PA- 01 

SNP-00 

T-00 



EB-01 

TEDE-00 

ADS- 00 

PM-02 

SP-00 

USIE-00 



EUR- 01 

INR-00 

NSAE-00 

PRS-01 

SR-Od 

DTC-01 



P 161021Z APR 93 



-B41FC1 161024Z /38 



EXIM~06 

IO-19 

NSCE-00 

P-01 

SSO-00 

RPE-01 



Page - 3 



ate Printedi 12/12/1997 DOCJTCHSHRc 9:^JmAWLtf4§p6 {'HAHHEL: n/a 58 



FM XMEMBASSY ANKARA ' " 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 9681 

INFO SECDEF WASHDC 

JOINT STAFF WASHINGTON DC 

USCINCEUR VAIHINGEM GE 

AMCONSXJL ADANA - - - 

AMCONSTJL ISTANBUL 

AMCONSUL IZMIR 

MIEMBASSY ATHENS 

DIA WASHDC//DSP-2B// 



tSECTION 02 OF 03 ANKARA 04806 



DEPARTMENT FOR Bffi. : CFINERTy, EUR/SE AND EUR/REM 
E.O. 12356: DECL:OADR 

TAGS: PHUM, TCJ, EAID, ECOTLI^R, tIASS, PREL 




PAGE 02 ANKARA 04806 02 OF 03 161023Z 

SUBJECT; COMPLIANCE WITH MILITARY EXPENDITURES 
REPORTING REQUIREMENT: TURKEY 

SOUTHEAST, THE SITUATION IN IRAQ STILL VOLATILE, AND 
MISTRUST TOWARD HEAVILY -ARMED SYRIA AND REARMING IRAN, 
COMBINED WITH THE THREAT OF SPILLOVER PROM THE BALKANS 
AND CAUCASUS CONFLICTS, TURKEY SEES THE SECURITY OF ITS 
NEIGHBORHOOD AS PERHAPS MORE TEiREATENED THAN EVER AND 
WILL PROCEED CAUTIOUSLY. 

5 . OTfe WHILE EFFORTS AT RESTRUCTURING WILL MOST LIKELY 
LEAD TO LONG-TERM SPENDING REDUCTIONS, UPGRADING 
EQUIPMENT, TRAINING, MAINTENANCE AND SUSTAINABILITY WILL 
MEAN MORE DEFENSE EXPENDITURES IN THE SHORT-TERM, NOT 
LESS. THE SAME WILL BE TRUE OF THE PLANNED EXPANSION IN 
THE ARMY'S CAREER PROFESSIONAL COMPONENT. 



6.Mik THE U.S. CONGRESSIONAL DECISION TO tUT FY93 FMF 
FUNDS BY USDOL 50 MILLION AND THE CHANGE IN TERMS OF THE 
REMAINING USDOL 450 MILLION FROM GRANT TO CREDITS COMES 
AS A SERIOUS SETBACK TO THE TURKISH MILITARY 
MODERNIZATION PROGRAM. COUPLED WITH U.S. NATO 
BURDEN- SHARING INITIATIVES THE DECISION HAS ALREADY 
INCREASED THE ABSOLUTE AND RELATIVE AMOUNTS OF TURKISH 
FUNDS ALLOCATED TO THE MILITARY, E.G. TURKISH NATIONAL 
FUNDS, TOTALING 75 MILLION USD, HAVE BEEN DEPOSITED IN 
THE TURKISH DEFENSE FUND ACCOUNT TO COVER THE PROJECTED 
FY-93 75M GRANT U.S. CONTRIBUTION WHICH WAS NOT 
FORIHCQMING. 

Page - 4 



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UKCUiSSlRED 



PAGE 03 ANKSRA" 04806 "02 OF 03 161Ci23Z 

B. HEALTH AND EDUCATION. 



7.(U) ACCORDING TO OFFICIAL TURKISH GOVERNMENT FIGURES, 
1992 EDUCATION AND HEALTH APPROPRIATIONS IN USD, AS A 
PERCENTAGE OF THE STATE BUDGET AND AS A PERCENTAGE OF 
TURKEY'S GNP ARE AS FOLLOWS: 

HEALTH 



— IN MILLIONS OP USD 1,410 {USD-6, 979TL) 

— AS PERCENTAGE OF GNP .92 

— -AS PERCENTAGE OF 

— TOTAL STATS BUDGET 4.7 

EDUCATION 

— IN MILLIONS OF USD 5,630 (USD-6, 979TL) 

— AS PERCENTAGE OF GNP 3.66 

— AS PERCENTAGE OF 

— TOTAL STATE BUDGET 18.9 



C. SIZE AND ROLE OF ARMED FORCES. 




PAGE 04 



ANKARA 04806 02 OF 03 161023Z 



8 . (U) TURKEY MAINTAINS THE SECOND LARGEST ARMED FORCES 
IN NATO (AFTER THE UNITED STATES) , WITH THE BULK 
COMMITTED TO NATO'S SOUTHERN FLANK INTERESTS. AS STATED 
ABOVE, REDUCTION IN THE SIZE OF THE ARMY FROM A PRE-GULF 
WAR HIGH OF 500 THOUSAND TO BETWEEN 300 AND 350 THOUSAND 
TROOPS IS PROJECTED, WITH THE AIR FORCE AND NAVY 
RETAINING MANPOWER LEVELS, OF APPROXIMATELY 50,000 



Page 



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CaftSIEIMit n/a 



EACH. REFLECTIHG A STROlSiG ftrsTORICAL ANT) PATRIOTIC 
TRADITION, NATIONAL DEFENSE ENJOYS SOLID POPULAR 
SUPPORT. HAVING INTERVENED IN THE POLITICAL ARENA THREE 
TIMES SINCE 196.0, THE TURKISH MILITARY CONTINUES TO 
REGARD ITSELF AS THE WATCHDOG OF SECULAR DEMOCRACY IN 
TURKEY. THERE IS LITTLE PROSPECT, UNDER CURRENT 
CONDITIONS, OF A NEW MILITARY INTERVENTION, HOWEVER. 



CLOT 



D. FOREIGN MILITARY SALES 



NNNN 



PAGE 01 
023Z 

ACTION HA~09 



ANKARA.- 04806 03 OF 03 16l 



INFO 



LOG- 00 

CTME-00 

E-01 

ITC-01 

OIC-02 

SB- 00 

SS-00 

SNIS-00 



ACDA-17 
C-01 
FHB-03 
JUSE-00 
OMB-Ol 
SCT-03 
STR-17 
/HOW 



AID- 01 

OASY-00 

H-01 

LAB-04 

OPIC-08 

SIL-00 

TRSE-00 



AMAD-01 

CISA-00 

INM-02 

L-03 

PA- 01 

SNP-00 

T-00 



CEA-01 

EB-01 

TEDE~00 

ADS-00 

PM-02 

SP-00 

USIE-00 



CIAE-00 

EUR-01 

INR-00 

NSAE-00 

PRS-01 

SR~00 

DTC-01 



P 161021Z APR 93 

FM AMEMBASSY ANKARA 

TO SECSTATE WASHRC PRIORITY 9682 

INFO SECDEF WASHDC 

JOINT STAFF WASHINGTON DC 

USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE 

AMCONSUL ADANA 

AMCONSUL ISTANBUL .- 
AMCONSUL IZMIR 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
DIA WASHDC//DSP-2B// 



-B41FC6 161024Z /38 



COME- 00 

EXIM-06 

10-19 

NSCE-00 

P-01 

SSO-00 

RPE-01 



i SECTION 03 OF 03 ANKARA 04806 



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DEPARTMENT FOR HA:CFINERTY, EUR/SE AND EUR/RPM 
E.O. 12356: DECL:OADR 

TAGS: PHUM, TU, EAID, ECflHl,„^M?^Jia,- „MASS , PREL 



mssro 




PAGE 02 ANKARA 04806 03 OF 03 161023Z 

SUBJECT: COMPLIANCE WITH MILITARY EXPENDITURES 
REPORTING REQUIREMENT: TURKEY 



9. (C> THERE ARE NO FIGURES AVAILABLE ON THE PERCENTAGE 
OF THE TURKISH DEFENSE BUDGET SPENT ON FOREIGN MILITARY 
EQUIPMENT. IN THE LAST TEN YEARS TURKEY HAS BEGUN TO 
PRODUCE MILITARY EQUIPMENT DOMESTICALLY (MOSTLY JOINT 
VENTURES, THE MOST IMPORTANT OF WHICH IS THE PRODUCTION 
OF F-16 FIGHTERS), BUT IT REMAINS HIGHLY DEPENDANT ON 
FOREIGN SUPPLIERS. MORE THAN 70 PERCENT OF FOREIGN 
MILITARY PURCHASES ARE FROM THE U.S. 



E. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION 



10 . (U) AS AN ALLY, TURKEY REGULARLY PROVIDES RELEVANT 
DATA ON ITS MILITARY SPEjNDING TO NATO. IT IS ALSO A 
PARTY TO THE CFE TREATY AND PROVIDES INFORMATION ON ITS 
TREATY-LIMITED EQUIPMENT (TLE) IN THE ATTU ZONE UNDER 
CFE REPORTING PROCEDURES. 

BARKLEY 




NNNN 



*** Current Handling Restrictions ^** 
*** Current Classification *** 



n/a 



UUSIFIE 



Page - 7 



Its Printed: 12/05/1997 DOC. NUMBER: 89STATE283931 CHASMEL: n/a 



PAGE 01 . . STATE 283991 

ORIGIN EUR-00 



INFO LOG-00 ADS-00 INR-07 SS-00 CIAE-00 10-19 NEA-06 
NSCE-00 NSAE~00 SSO-00 PM-10 XKRE-00 P-02 /044 R 

DRAFTED BY: EUR/SE:C HUGGINS:CH 

APPROVED BY: P:R M KIMMITT 

EUR/SE:T B FRIEDMAN, P:E EDELMAN, EUR/SE:A K KORKY, 
NEA/NGA : L POPE ( INFO ) , PM/ SAS : D O ' GRADY ( INFO ) , 
S/S-0: LGERSON, S/S:JEIiAKE 

010111 051823Z /41 

P 0S1812Z SEP 89 
FM SECSTATE WASHDC 

TO AMEMBASSY ANKARA PRIORITY 
INFO AMCONSUIi ISTANBUL PRIORITY 
AMCONSUL IZMIR PRIORITY 
AMCONSUL ADANA PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY NICOSIA 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
USMISSION USNATO 

SECDEF WASHDC 0000 

JCS WASHDC 0000 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 

STATE 283991 

E.O. 12356: DECL: OADR 

TAGS: PREL, MASS, MARR, US, TU 

SUBJECT: UNDER SECRETARY KIMMITT 'S MEETING WITH TURKISH 
AMBASSADOR KANDEMIR 



1. fPPHHHP- ENTIRE TEXT 

2. BEGIN SUMMARY^i^ IN AN AUGUST 28 MEETING WITH NEW 
TURKISH AMBASSADORyKANDEMIR, UNDER SECRETARY KIMMITT 
REASSURED THE GOT OF OUR COMMITMENT TQ_OUR ALLIANCE WITH 




PAGE 02 STATE 283991 

TURKEY. KANDEMIR MADE A PITCH FOR HIGH LEVELS OF 
EARMAEIKED SECURITY ASSISTANCE, EXPRESSED TURKISH CONCERN 
BOUT INCLUSION OF THE ARMENIAN ISSUE IN THE HOLOCAUST 
MUSEUM, SOUGHT U_ S . APPROVAL FOR THIRD-COUNTRY SALES OF 
F-16 AIRCRAFT CO- PRODUCED IN TURKEY, PROPOSED USING 
CFE-MANDATED REDUCTIONS TO MODERNIZE THE TURKISH ARMED 
FORCES, AND SAID THE GOT WOULD" PURSUE SPECIAL CYPRUS 



Page - 1 



TM/IPS/CR/IR. 



EO Otations- 



DENY 



IN PAST 



JlSauttiorttyto 



rOIA itKJM- 
PA " 



r J ciASSIFy M C ) S or ( > CS*f "CT" 



it6 Printed: 12/05/1997 DOC.HqMBER: 89«!TATE282921 



CEAWWEL: n/a 



2 



COORDINATOR NELSON LEOSI>"y''S STJ3GESTI0N FOR BR'BAXlNG THE 
IMPASSE IN CYPRUS TALKS. KIMMITT STRESSED THE IMPORTANT 
ROLE OF THE CONGRESS IN OUR RELATIONS WITH TURKEY AND 
URGED THAT TURKEY DO WHAT IT COULD TO KEEP CONTENTIOUS 
ISSUES FROM BECOMING MATTERS OF CONGRESSIONAL CONCERN. 
END SUMMARY. - 



2. KIMMITT OPENED THE MEETING BY WELCOMING KANDEMIR AND 
NOTING THE EXCELLENT RELATIONS THAT EXIST BETWEEN OUR T\r}0 
COUNTRIES. FOR THAT REASON, KIMMITT BELIEVED HE AND 
KANDEMIR COULD HAVE A CLOSE, CANDID RELATIONSHIP. KIMMITT 
SAID HE AND AMBASSADOR ABRAMQWITZ WERE GOOD FRIENDS, AND 
ABRAMOWITZ WOULD BE WORKING CLOSELY WITH THE TURKISH 
GOVERNMENT IN ANKARA. KANDEMIR AGREED THAT FRANK 
EXCHANGES WERE NECESSiVRY AND SAID HE LOOKED FORWARD TO 
WORKING WITH KIMMITT. KIMMITT SAID HE WAS LOOKING FORWARD 
TO CONSULTATIONS WITH ICANDEMIR'S SUCCESSOR AT THE MFA AND 
HOPED HE COULD TRAVEL TO ANKARA FOR THOSE CONSULTATIONS IN 
THE NEAR FUTURE, BUT PROBABLY NOT BEFORE LATE NOVEMBER OR 
DECEMBER. KANDEMIR SAID KIMMITT WOULD BE WELCOME AT ANY 
TIME . 



3. BEFORE TURNING TO BILATERAL ISSUES, KANDEMIR RAISED 
THE SITUATION IN IRAN, POINTING OUT THAT RAFSANJANI 
APPEARED TO BE SELECTING HIS MINISTERS FROM YOUNGER, MORE 
MODERATE-. ELEMENTS . IN RESPONSE TO KANDEMIR 'S OPINION THAT 



PAGE 03 STATE 283991 



IRAN WOULD NOT MOVE ON THE HOSTAGE SITUATION WITHOUT A 
"QUID" FROM THE U.S. SUCH AS RELEASING FROZEN ASSETS, 
KIMMITT CLARIFIED IN CONSIDERABLE DETAIL IRANIAN 
MISUNDERSTANDING OF THE "FROZEN ASSET" ISSUE. 
SPECIFICALLY, KIMMITT REVIEWED THE ALGIERS ACCORDS AND 
THE CLAIMS TRIBUNAL PROCESS, EXPLAINING THAT THE CLAIMS 
WERE ACTIVELY UNDER RESOLUTION RATHER THAN FROZEN. 

4. TURNING TO THE BILATERAL AGENDA, KANDEMIR SAID HE HAD 
RELAYED TO THE PRIME MINISTER AND MFA SPECIAL CYPRUS 
COORDINATOR LEDSKY'S SUGGESTIONS FOR BREAKING THE IMPASSE 
XW CYPRUS -TALKS CAUSED BY TURKISH CYPRIOT OBJECTIONS TO 
THE UN'S PAPER ON A CYPRUS SETTLEMENT, HE HAD RECEIVED A 
POSITIVE RESPONSE AND THE TURKS WOULD BE APPROACHING 
DENKTASH ABOUT WHAT APPEARED TO ' BE A REASONABLE PROPOSAL 
BY LEDSKY. (SEE STATE 274083. LEDSKY PROPOSED LAST WEEK 
THAT ANKARA ENCOURAGE THE TURKISH CYPRIOTS TO SUGGEST AN 
EARLY MEETING, CHAIRED BY THE UN SECRETARY GENERAL, 
BETWEEN VASSILIOU AND DENKTASH SO THAT THE TWO LEADERS 
COULD BEGIN TO FULFILL THEIR COMMITMENT TO PRODUCE AN 
0X3TLINE OF A SETTLEMENT THIS FALL . ) 



Page - 2 



it« Printedt 12/05/1997 DOC__Hl|MBERs 89S•^^^PE?929^1 CHAKKfEL: n/a 



5. KIMMITT EXPRESSED APPRECIATION FOR TURKEY'S 
ASSISTANCE. CONTINUING, HE SAID THAT THE REASON FOR 
SELECTING A PERSON OF NELSON LEDSKY'S STATURE AND 



liiCLiiSSIFIE 



EXPERIENCE FOR THE POSITION OF SPECIAL CYPRUS COORDINATOR 
WAS THE IMPORTANCE THE UNITED STATES ATTACHED TO THE 
CYPRUS ISSUE. KIMMITT USED THIS OPPORTUNITY TO RAISE THE 
SIGNIFICANT ROLE CONGRESS PLAYS IN RELATIONS WITH TURKEY. 

KIMMITT URGED KANDEMIR TO WORK CLOSELY WITH THE CONGRESS. 
THE FACT THAT CONGRESSIONAL ACTIONS SOMETIMES SEEMED 
UNFAIR WAS ALL THE MORE REASON FOR THE TURKS TO SPEND LOTS 
OF TIME ON THE HILL. CYPRUS WAS ONE OP SEVERAL ISSUES IN 
WHICH THE CONGRESS WAS VERY INTERESTED. ANOTHER WHICH 

BECOME A PROBLEM IP NOT RESOLVED SOON WAS TURKEY'S 




PAGE 04 STATE 283991 



IMPOSITION OF A VALUE-ADDED TAX ON MILITARY EXPENDITURES 
IN THE COMMON DEFENSE. 

6. IN RKPLY KANDEMIR SAID THAT HE INTENDED TO WORK 
CLOSELY WITH THE CONGRESS. ON VAT, KANDEMIR NOTED THAT A 
JOINT U.S. /TURKISH "EXPERTS GROUP" WAS CONSIDERING THE 
MATTER AND THE TURKISH SIDE HAD BEEN TOLD TO BE AS 
FLEXIBLE AS POSSIBLE. KANDEMIR HOPED THAT A SATISFACTORY 
SOLUTION WOULD BE FOUND. 

7. TURNING TO ISSUES ON THE TURKISH AGENDA, KANDEMIR 
HANDED OVER TO KIMMITT FOUR NON-PAPERS COVERING: SECURITY 
ASSISTANCE, SUBSTITUTING OUTDATED TURKISH EQUIPMENT FOR 
ITEMS SLATED FOR DESTRUCTION UNDER A CFE AGREEMENT, SALES 
OF F-16 AIRCRAFT CO-PRODUCED IN TURKEY TO THIRD COUNTRIES, 
AND INCLUSION OF THE ARMENIAN ISSUE IN THE HOLOCAUST 
MJSEUM . 



8. ON SECURITY ASSISTANCE, KANDEMIR SAID TURKEY EXPECTED 
THERE WOULD BE CUTS, BUT THAT THESE CUTS WOULD AFFECT ONLY 

THOSE COUNTRIES WITHOUT EARMARKS. TURKEY UNDERSTOOD THE 
ADMINISTRATION'S OPPOSITION TO EARMARKS, BUT GIVEN THE 
U.S. BEST EFFORT COMl-IITMENT AlxTD THE "APPROACHING DECA, " 
KANDEMIR OPINED THAT ADMINISTRATION SUPPORT FOR AN EARMARK 
WAS THE ONLY WAY TO ENSURE FULL FUNDING FOR THE TURKISH 
PROGRAM. WITH RESPECT TO F-16 SALES TO THIRD COUNTRIES , 
KANDEMIR POINTED OUT THAT THE PROJECT WAS PROCEEDING WELL 
AND THE TIME HAD COME TO CONSIDER SALES OF THE AIRCRAFT TO 
THIRD COUNTRIES. ON CFE, KANDEMIR RELAYED TURKEY'S 
MODERNIZATION NEEDS AND ASKED THAT TURKEY'S ANTIQUATED 
EQUIPMENT BE SUBSTITUTED FOR EQUIPMENT SLATED FOR 
DESTRUCTION IN AN EVENTUAL CFE AGREEMENT. FINALLY 



Page - 3 

wmm 




ita printed: 12/05/1997 



2 




RBGARPIIKL-.'mE HOLOCaXTST ]Mt/«3EiJM, KAIIEEMXR SAID" "THAT THE 




P2!>GE 05 



STATE 283991 



TURKISH PUBLIC WOULD NOT UNDERSTAND HOW UNFOUNDED ARMENIAN 
ALLEGATIONS COOND END UP IN THE HOLOCAUST MUSEUM. 

9. IN RESPONSE TO KANDEMIR'S POINTS, KIMMITT REAFFIRMED 

ADMINISTRATION OPPOSITION TO EARMARKS, STRESSING THAT 
EARMARKS WERE A FORM OF UNNECESSARY MICROMANAGEMENT . 
NEVERTHELESS, TURKEY COULD REST ASSURED THE ADMINISTRATION 
WOULD EXERT ITS BEST EFFORTS TO OBTAIN MAXIMUM ASSISTANCE 
LEVELS FOR TURKEY. REGARDING CFE EQUIPMENT SLATED FOR 
DESTRUCTION, KltSMITT SAID TURKIEY'S REQUEST WOULD BE KEPT 
IN MIND AS WE MOVED DOWN THE ROAD TOWARDS AGREEMENT. ON 
F-16 SALES, KIMMITT NOTED THE COMPLEXITY OF THE ISSUE, BUT 
SAID WE WOULD GrVE CAREFUL CONSIDERATION TO THE' REQUEST. 
IN THAT CONNECTION, KIMMITT REMINDED KANDEMIR OF U.S. 
CONCERNS ABOUT TOURS OF THE FACILITY BY CERTAIN THIRD 
COUNTRIES. EVEN ACCESS TO NONCLASSIFIED PARTS OF THE 
FACILITY COULD CAUSE PROBLEMS, PARTICULARLY FROM THE 
HILL. WITH RESPECT TO THE HOLOCAUST MUSEUM, KIMMITT 
REPEATED THE ADMINISTRATION VIEW THAT THE ARMENIAN 
QUESTION WAS BEST LEFT TO HISTORY. TURKEY'S MOVES TO OPEN 
THE OTTOMAN ARCHIVES WERE HELPFUL - 

10. BEFORE CONCLUDING THE MEETING, KIMMITT ASSURED 
KANDEMIR OP OUR CONTINUING SUPPORT FOR TURKEY WITH RESPECT 
TO THE TIIAGEDY UNFOLDING IN BULGARIA AND THOSE BULGARIAN 
TURKS WHO HAD FLED TO TURKEY. KIMMITT EXPLAINED THAT OUR 
NORMAL POLICY WAS TO PROVIDE ASSISTANCE IN REFUGEE 
SITUATIONS THROUGH THIRD PARTIES SUCH AS THE UNHCR. 
HOWEVER, BECAUSE OF THE ENORMITY OF THIS SITUATION AND OUR 
CLOSE FRIENDSHIP WITH TURKEY, WE WERE ON AN EXCEPTIONAL 
BASIS ACTIVELY SEEKING FUNDS TO MAKE A BILATERAL 
CONTRIBUTION TO TURKEY. KJkNDEMIR EXPRESSED APPRECIATION 
FOR U.S. EFFORTS. HE CONTRASTED OUR EFFORTS WITH THE 
ALMOST TOTAL LACK OF CONCERN SHOWN BY OTHER ALLIES, WHO 
SEEMED TO FEEL FREE TO CRITICIZE HUMAN RIGHTS IN TURKEY, 
BUaL CARED_..LITTLE ABOUT THE ABUSES IN BtTLGARIA. 



PAGE 06 STATE 283991 



11. ALSO ATTENDING THE MEETING WERE TURKISH DCM BATIBAY, 
EUR/SE DIRECTOR FRIEDMAN, COUNTRY OFFICER HUGGINS, AND P 
STAFFER EDELMAN. 



Page - 4 




P25204SZJUN8S 

FM SeCSTATE WASHDC 

TO AMEMBASSY BAGHDAD PRIORITY 

|STATE1941S1 

FOR CHARGE FROM NEWTON 

E.0. 12356: DECL:OADR 
TAGS: PREL AMGT, 2 
SUBJECT: OFFICIAL-INFORMAL 





PA " 



TS luthodty to 



1 . CU> FRANK MAY HAVE PASSED YOU SOME OF THE FOaOWING, 

BUT THERE ARE FURTHER DETAILS YOU MAY NOT HAVE. 



2. n DOD APPROVAL HAS BEEN PASSED TO USDOC FOR THE 
COMPUTER SAl£S WITH CONDtTIONS OF reRDDIC INSPECTION AND 
ONE DOWNGRADE REGARDING THE INOC COMPUTER WITH WHICH THE 
IRAQIS SHOULD BE ABLE TO LIVE. WE CAN EXPECT SIMIIAR 
PROBLEMS WITH FUTURE- COMPUTER SALES BUT THE INIITAL 

VICTORY IS AN IMPORTANT PRECEDENT. 

3. ■§ WE WERE ABIE TO GET THE DRAFT ECONOMIC AGREEMENT 
OUTOF COMMERCE TO THE TRADE POUCY STAFF COMMITIEE LAST 
WEEK. I HOPE YOU WILL HAVE IT VERY SOON TO PASS TO 
MINTRADE. TO MY REGRET WE CANNOT PUT THE MISSION 
TOGETHER UNTIL SEPTEMBER (KELLY IS UNAVAILABLE IN JULY), 
MAKING IT MORE URGENT TO GET THE ORAR INTO IRAQI HANDS. 




PAGE 02 STATE 194151 

4. a| I BRIEFED THE FUU EX-IM BOARD LAST TUESDAY 

INCLUDING CHAIRMAN DRAPER AND FOUND THEY ARE BECOMING A 

err more 

SYMPATHETIC. THE STAFF IS FAVORABLY IMPRESffiD THAT IRAQ 
HAS MADE TEN MILLION AND SDC MILLION DOLLAR PAYMENTS ON 
TIME RECENTLY, t EXPRESSED HOPE THAT AQABA GUARANTEES 
NOT USED MIGHT BE REPLACED BY GUARANTEES ON OTHER 
PROJECTS. 

5. W^ VLAVIANOS B RELATIVELY UPBEAT ON THE TRADE FAIR 
AnOTrOMBED TO HAVE DUSEX VIGNEAULT IN BAGHDAD IN EARLY 
SEPTEMBER. FAS ADMINISTRATOR SMITH AT MY REQUEST B 
WORKING ON AN FAS BOOTH FOR COOPERATORS. SECRETARY 
BALDRIGE PROMISED TO SEE WHAT HE COULD DO TO PROMOTE 
EX-IM FINANCING. 1 WHl TALK AT CSB. MEL AND BCW AND 

Wia CONTINUE TO PLUG IRAa ESF€C1AU.Y THE FAIR. 

6. (U) DICK FAIRBANKS IS imiRNING TO PRIVATE LFE. HE 
MENTIONED AN INTEREST IN TRAVELUNGTO IRAQ IN HIS 
PRIVATE CAPACITY LATER THIS YEAR. UNDERSECRETARY 
SCHNEIDER HAS BEEN GIVEN THE IRANAN ARMS PORTFOLIO BY 
THE SECRETARY. HAMDOON HAS BEEN INFORMED. 

7flBHFBO IS ENCOURAGff<G ABOUT FUNDING FO? US IN EARLY 
JUWn?ON GAIN IS CLEA' ;lV LOING H-i BEST Nt VtX AND 



lilllSSIFlEO 



icim 



M/MO ARE VERY SYMPA' Hti-^-'Cfie-J^ FOl.R FCN CLOTS- AND A 
THIRD B AND F POSITION. iNClUt'NrALtr EVEi^VONS KNOWS OF 
OUR PROBLEMS AND OUR RECORD ON REPORTS E MUCH BETTER 
THAN SOME LARGE POSTS WITH AMPLE RESOURCES. 1 Wia MEET 
WITH SERLACH/MELROSE/IMBRE NEXT WEEK TO TRY TO TIE DOWN 
THE PERSONNEL ISSUES. 



RSO HUSH HAS TO TAKE SOME SY TRAINING HERE THAT 




PAGE 03 STATE 194151 

SY AND NEA/EX AGREE IS NEEDED. WE CANNOT ACCELERATE HIS 
ARRIVAL ALTHOUGH HE IS HIGHLY MOTIVATED. SINCE WE HAVE 
PHONE PROBLEMS. WE NEED TO BE SURE TO SEND ALL MESSAGES 
TO NEA/EX IN ORDER NOT TO SHORTSTOP JOE MELROSE'S 
EFFORTS. MY FAULT ON DAN GOODSPEED: 1 SHOULD HAVE TOLD 
FRANK TO INFORM JOE WHO HAD WORKED OUT A J ULY 4 ARR IVAL 
TO SOLVE OUR GAP PROBLEM.] 




9.1^P NO REPLACEMENT FOR HAZZARD IN SIGHT BUT ( 
COMMHTED TO MAINTAIN CONTACT TDY REPLACEMENTSi 





66 



10. (U) THE COMMITTEE TURNED DOWN OUR DANGER PAY DESPriE 
WIUS BEST EFFORTS. THERE ARE TOO MANY DANGEROUS POSTS, 
ES>ECIAaY IN LATIN WVIERICA. AND Tl« SCUDS BY THEMSELVES 
WERE NOT SUFFICIENT. . 

1 1 . (U) I WILL CABLE YOU JIM BULLOCK3 REVIEW STATEMENT 
IN A FEW DAYS, WHEN THE CONSULTATION SCHEDULE EASES. 

1 2. (U) IG HARROP CONFRMED OUR INSPECTION IN THE LATE 
FALL UKELY NOVEMBER. I APPRECIATE BILLS WILUNGNESS 

TO POSTPONE H6 UEAVE; HB FALL ARRANGEMENTS SOUND FINE. 

1 3. (U) JOE SISCO SAYS STONE AND WEBSTER WILL RETURN TO 
BAGHADAD SHORaY. HE ASKED TO CONFIRM THAT MATERIAL SW 
SENT THROUGH US REACHED THE MINISTRY OF ELECTRjCflY. 



I PLAN TO BE OUT OF WASHINGTON THE FIRST HAlf 




PAGE 04 STATE 194151 



OF JULY VISITING RELATIVES AND WILL RETURN JULY 1 5 FOR 
THE AMBASSADOR'S COURSE AND A TWO-DAY TRIP TO NEW YORK 

cnvi" 




mmm 




IS. CJ-) FRANK HAS NOTIFIED HAMNDOON THAT ROCKY SUDDARTH 
WILL BE REPtACING JIM PLACKE. HAMDOON AGREED TO ASK MFA 
TO MAKE APPROPRIATE ARRANGEMENTS. 




1 7. (U) THE PA & H BUREAUS SAID THEY HAVE NO 
CONGRESSIONAL TESTlMONiea CURRENT PCUCY PAPERS, 
SPEECHES, OR \3ISTS" ON THE US POUCY TOWARD THE RED SEA. 
HORN OF AFRICA, OR INDIAN OCEAN. FRANKS NOW CHECKING 
THE UBRARY AND INDIVIDUAL COUNTRY DESKS AND SHOULD GET 
SOMETHING INTO THE NEXT CLASSIFED POUCH <CIjOS«>JG 4/27). 

1 8. © IT WOULD BE HELPFUL TO NGA IF YOU COUID POUCH 

YOUR BEST CtTY MAP OF BAGHDAD, NOTING LOCATIONS AND DATES 

OF EXPLOSIONS APPARENTLY DUE TO SCUDS. NGA HAS BEEN 
UNABLE TO FIND ANYONE IN THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY THAT 
HAS TRACKED THE EXPLOSIONS SYSTEMATICALLY. 




PAGE OS STATE 1941 SI 

19.l| JIM PLACKE HAS BEEN IN FREQUENT AND INTENSIVE 
NEGOTIATIONS WFTH CONGRESSMAN BERMAN IN THE PAST SEVERAL 
DAYS. THE SECRETARY HAS SIGNED A LETTER TO BERMAN ASKING 
HIM TO CONSENT TO DELETION OF THE IRAQI RELEVANT PORTK3N 
OF HIS AMENDMENT. BUT IT IS NOT YET CLEAR WHETHER THIS 
Wia DO THE TRICK. WHEN THE SITUATION IS RESOLVED, NEA 
WILL ADVISE YOU FORMAaY AND IN DETAIL 

20. 'B INR ANALYST WAYNE WHITE JOINS NGA AND MYSEU^ IN 
COMPUMENTING YOUR FINE ANALYSIS OF THE GUU^ WAR 
SITUATK3N (BAGHDAD 1857) IN RESPONSE TO EMBASSY ABU 
DHABIS VIEWS. 

21. (U) NGA PERSONNEL CHANGES: PETER BURLEIGH. FORMER 
DIVISION CHIEF IN INR/NESA TOOK OVER AS NGA 0FFK:E 
DIRECTOR JUNE 17. FRANK RK^CtARDONE WILL BE AHACHED TO 
NGA UNTIL AUGUST 9. BUT Wia TAKE A LOT OF LEAVE IN 
MID-LATE JULY AS GREG BERRY PHASES IN. GREG IS 
READING-IN RELIGIOUSLY, HAS ACCOMPANIED ME ON SEVERAL 
CALLS. AND IS BECOMING WELL KNOWN ON THE IRAQ CIRCUIT. 
PETER LYDON WILL REMAIN AS DEPUTY DIRECTOR AND DON 
ROBERTS WILL REMAIN AS IRAN DESK OFFCER FOR ANOTHER 
YEAR, WHATEVER THE TITLES. EVERYONE 3 DUTIES ARE SUBJECT 

TO MAJOR RE-ASSIGNMENT AND OVERLAP ONCE THE NEW PEOPLE 
HAVESEmEDlN. 

22. (U) THE NEW AGRICULTUR.'! OtTICEK Is ^OV.■ i y-,V?v 



rSXTS OF i:&LE<3EUU£ SZST&TE 025939 



iCUSSHO 



PAGE 01 
ORIGIN EnH-12 



STATE 025939 



INFO 



OCT-00 

H-01 

ICAE-00 



ADS-00 
NSC-05 
SP-02 



INH-10 

NSAE-00 

SPRS-02 



SS-10 
HA-06 
/069 K 



CIAE-OO 
L-03 



EB-08 
PM-09 



DODE-00 
PA-01 



DRAFTED BY EUR/CE: JDBINDENAGEL 

APPROVED BY PiWJSTOESSEL 

EUR/CE :TGWESTON 

EUR/CE : WHGUSSMAN 

EUR/CE : JCKOHNBLUM 

EB:SHORHATS 

EUR:THTNILES 



P R 302107Z JAN 82 
FK SECSTATE WASHDC 
TO AMEMBASSY BONN PRIORITY 
INFO USHISSION USBERLIK 
AHEHBASSY WARSAW 
USHISSION USHATO 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
AMEMBASSY BERN 
AHEHBASSY BELGRADE 
AHEHBASSY LONDON 
AHEHBASSY PARIS 
AHCONSUL HAMBURG 
AHCONSUL DUSSELDORF 
AHCONSUL FRANKFURT 
AMEMBASSY BERLIN 
AHCONSUL STUTTGART 
AHCONSUL MUNICH 



-247072 3021482 /63 



1^ 



DEPARTMENT OF STATE 



(>0 RELEASE iXl DECLASSiFY 

( ) EXJlSE ( ) DiECLASSIFY 

I , IN FART 

t j u>^--rE Non -Responsive Info 

FOiA txsrnptions 

PA F»Hir.ntiQns 



ISjFPCfCDR 



MR Cases Only: 
EO Citations. 



, TS authority to: 



( ) CLASSIFY as ( ) S or ( ) C 

( J DOWNGRADE TS to [ ) S or ( 1 C 



STATE 025939 - . 
E.O. 12065: GDS OX/ll/QQ (NILES, THOHAS H..T.) 



PAGE 02 STATE 025939 

TAGS: PINS, PINT, PEPR, GE, PL 

■SUBJECT: VISIT BY OTTO WOLFF VON AMERONGEN, PRESIDENT 

OF THE GERMAN CHAMBERS OF. COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY, 
JANUARY 26, 1982 

1. iBIHIII^H'' ^"^-^^ TEXT. 

2. SUHMARY: OTTO WOLFF VON AHERONSeN, PRESIDENT OF 



UiCraREO 



PAG^ NO. 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 82STATE 025939 



GERMAN CHAMBERS OF CXIMMERCE AND INDUSTRY, MET WITH 
.UNDER SECRETARY STOESSEL, ASSISTANT SECRETARY HORMATS, 
''and DE PUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY NILES JANUARY 26, 982. 
VON AMEROKGEN STRESSED THAT FRG BUSINESSMEN WILL NOT 
PURSUE BUSINESS AS USUAL DURI'NG THE POLISH CRISIS, WILL 
BE HELPFUL IN TIGHTENING THE COCOM LIST TO ELIMINATE 
SOME GSEX AREAS, BUT ARE OPPOSED TO GENERAL SANCTIONS 
AGAINST POLAND AND THE SOVIET UNION. VON AMEROKGEN 
FELT THAT SANCTIONS AGAINST POLAND WOULD DRIVE THE 
POLES CLOSER TO THE USSR. USG INTERLOCUTORS STRESSED 
THAT WE STILL HAVE MAJOR OBJECTIONS TO THE PIPELINE 
PROJECT QUITE APART FROM THE IMPACT OF U.S. SANCTIONS 
IN THE POLISH SITUATION. FRG SUPPORT FOR TIGHTENING 

THE COCOM LIST WAS WELCOMED BY THE U.S.; HOWEVER, THE 
SANCTIONS WE IHFOSEBASASESULT OFTHE REPRESSION IN 
POLAND WERE ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY TO GIVE WEIGHT TO THE 
POSITION TAKEN BY THE U.S. GOVERNMENT. WE HOPE THE 
ALLIES ALSO PURSUE THEIR OWN SANCTIONS AGAINST BOTH 
POLAND AND THE SOVIET UNION. ALSO ATTENDING WERE FRG 
AMBASSADOR HERMES, FRG KINECON POSCH GERMAN AMERICAN 
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE REPRESENTATIVE GUESSBACH AND J.D. 
BINDENAGEL EUR/CE' . END SUMMARY. 



PAGE 03 STATE 025939 

3. IN HIS MEETING WITH UNDER SECRETARY STOESSEL, WOLFF 
■ VON AMEROKGEN STRESSED THAT HIS MAIM PURPOSE OF 

VISITING WASHINGTON WAS TO REITERATE FSG SUPPORT FOR 
THE GERMAN-AMERICAN RELATIONSHIP DURING THE POLISH 
CRISIS. VON AMERONGEN TOLD STOESSEL THAT THE FRG 
BUSINESSMEN WILL NOT .PURSUE "BUSINESS AS USUAL" DURING 
THE POLISH CRISIS. THE SITUATION IS DRAMATICALLY 
DIFFERENT FROM THAT OF THE AFGHANISTAN CRISIS, 
ESPECIALLY SINCE HAJO^BUSIHESS CREDITS AND PAYMENTS ' 
*aRE IN DOUBT, SINCE POLAND IS LOCATED SO CLOSE TO 
GERMANY, SINCE BERLIN COULD BE AFFECTED AND THE 
INKER-GERMAN RELATIONSHIP THREATENED. HE ARGUED THAT 
,THE PROPER APPROACH TO THIS PROBLEM WOULD BE 
^ULTI-LATEffilL AND STATED THAT THE FRG WILL BE HELPFUL 
IN TIGHTENING. THE CDCOH LIST TO ELIMINATE SOME OF THE 
GREY ZONES. HE SAID IT IS IMPORTANT TO RELATE 
POTENTIAL HIGH TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERS WITH SOVIET 
MILITARY CAPABILITY AND SUGGESTED THAT, SHOULD THE 
MILITARY POTENTIAL OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERS BE 
ESTABLISHED, THERE WILL BE NO PROBLEM WITH EUROPEAN 
APPROVAL OF A LENGTHENED AND TIGHTENED COCOM LIST. 

4. VON AMERONGEN, HOWEVER, ARGUED STRONGLY AGAINS 
GENERAL SANCTIONS "WHICH HE BELIEVES ARE NOT HELPFUL FOR 
EUROPEAN OR AHEftcAN IlJTEHESTS' AND WOULD NOT BE 
EFFECTIVE. HE CITED PREVIOUS SANCTIONS AGAINST CHINA 

PAGE NO. 



wmm 




TEXT OF TELEGRAH 82STATE 025939 



AND RHODESIA AND CALLED FOE A COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF 
SAKCTIONS BEFORE kSI GENERAL SANCTIONS ARE IKPOSED. HE 
ALSO STATED HIS BELIEF THAT THE SANCTIONS AGAINST 
POLAND WILL NOT HELP NORMALIZATION IN POLAND BUT RATHER 
VfILL DRIVE THE POLES CLOSER TO THE SOVIET UNION. HE 
NOTED THAT POLISH VICE PREHIER RAKOWSKI HAD ALSO TOLD 
HIM THIS DURING HIS VISIT TO GERMANY. 




5. VON AMEROKSEN MADE A DISTINCTION BETWEEN SANCTIONS 
AGAINST POLAND AND SANCTIONS AGAINST THE SOVIET UNION 



PAGE 04 



STATE 025939 



AND IN THIS CONTEXT RAISED THE WEST SIBERIAN PIPELINE 
PROJECT. HE ARGUED THAT THE U.S. CONCERNS AMD 

ASGUKENTS ON EUROPEAN DEPEHDEHCE WERE NOT PERSUASIVE, 
AS THE EUROPEANS HAD DEVELOPED SOME ALTERNATIVES AND 
INDEED HAD NOT INCREASED DRAMATICALLY THE PERCENTAGE OP 
TOTAL ENERGY RECEIVED FROM THE SOVIET UNION THROUGH 
THIS DEAL. HE NOTED THAT THE FRG'S COMBINED IMPORTS OF 
SOVIET CRUDE OIL AND NATURAL GAS IN THE 70 'S EQUALLED 
APPROXIMATELY THE SAKE ENERGY EQUIVALENT TO BE IMPORTED 
WHEN THE PIPELINE GAS IS COMPLETED. HE DID AGREE THAT 
THE U.S. POSITION ON FOREIGN EXCHANGE BENEFITS TO THE 
SOVIETS IS MORE DIFFICULT TO REFUTE. HOWEVER, THE FRG 
CURRENT ACCOUNT BALANCE WILL BE GREATLY IMPROVED BY THE 
PROJECT. A MORE IMPORTANT CONSIDERATION FOR THE FRG 
WAS THAT IF ONE MUST BE DEPENDENT, AS THE FRG MUST IN 
ENERGY, IT IS BETTER TO DEPEND ON A^ ENEMY YOU CAN 
PREDICT THAN ONE YOU CANNOT. HE CITED THE RECENT 
IRAN-IRAQ WAR AS AN INDICATION OF THE GERMAN RISK IN 
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY. 



6. AS REGARDS U.S. SANCTIONS AND THEIR EFFECT ON THE 
PIPELINE, VON AMEROKGEN NOTED AEG WILL NOT BE ABLE TO 
RECEIVE GE ROTORS AND THE FRG CANNOT UNDERCUT U.S. 
SANCTIONS BECAUSE THEY CANNOT SUPPLY THE NECESSARY 
PASTS. HOWEVER, AEG WILL LOOK FOR A SUITABLE 
REPLACEMENT SINCE WITHOUT THIS.7O0 MILLION MARK ORDEE 
THE COMPANY IS LIKELY TO GO BANKRUPT. IN ANY CASE, THE 
SANCTIONS MAY ONLY DELAY THE PROJECT AND VON AMERONGEN 
REITERATED HIS BELIEF THAT THE SOVIETS, AS WELL AS THE 
EUROPEANS, WILL NOT DROP THEIH INTEREST IN THE 
PROJECT. HE CITED THE POLITICAL DANGER WHICH CONTINUED 
U.S. OPPOSITION TO THE PIPELINE PROJECT IMPLIES AMD 



STATE 025939 





PAGE 



NOTED THAT A RECENT PUBLIC OPINION POLL IN THE FRG ■ 
SHOWED THAT 80 PERCENT OF THOSE POLLED WERE IN FAVOR OF 

PAGE NO. 



OF TEI^ESKSH 82ST&TS 025939 



THE PIPELINE PROJECT. HE ALSO ABGUED ASAIKST FRANZ 
JOSEF STRAUSS WHO OPPOSED THE PROJECT AND ADVISED 
BREAKING THE CONTRACT. VON AMERONGEN RECALLED THE 
NEGATIVE IMPACT OF THE 1960 'S PIPE SALE DEAL TO THE 
SOVIET UNION WHICH THE FRG BROKE AT U.S. INSISTENCE. 
HE CLAIMED THAT IMMEDIATE REACTION HAD BEEN 
TO POINT TO THE UNRELIABILITY OF THE GERMANS TO 
SUPPLY CONTRACTED MATERIALS. 

7. UNDER SECRETARY STOESSEL THANKED VON AMERONGEN FOR 
HIS VIEWS WHICH REFLECT ACCURATELY REPORTS OF VIEWS 
WE HAVE SEEN FROM THE FRG. HE ASSURED VON AMERONGEN 
THAT THOSE VIEWS HAD BEEN AND WILL CONTINUE TO BE TAKEN 
INTO ACCOUNT AS THE U.S. CONSIDERS ITS POLICY OPTIONS. 
HOWEVER, STOESSEL TOLD VON AMERONGEN THAT THE USG 
CONTINUES TO HAVE SERIOUS CONCERNS ABOUT THIS PROJECT 
AND FIRMLY BELIEVES THAT, GIVEN THE SITUATION IN POLAND, 

CONTINUATION ON THIS PROJECT WILL SEND THE WRONG SIGNAL 
TO THE SOVIET UNION. STOESSEL WELCOMED THE FRG 
BUSINESSMEN'S SUPPORT FOR A TIGHTENED AND LENGTHENED 
COCOM LIST TO ELIMINATE GREY AREAS AND LOOKED FOEWAHD 
TO EARLY HOV^ENT ON THAT FRONT. STOESSEL ALSO ARGUED 
FORCEFULLY THAT DESPITE THE ECONOMIC COST TO CERTAIN 
SECTORS THE USG FELT IT NECESSARY TO IMPOSE SANCTIONS 
ON DECEMBER 29 TO GIVE WEIGHT TO U.S. POLICY STATEMENTS 
DURING THE POLISH CRISIS. WE FULLY EXPECT THE ALLIES 
TO ACT ALSO AND WE HOPE THEY PURSUE THEIR OWN SANCTIONS 
AGAINST BOTH POLAND AND THE SOVIET UNION SHORTLY. 
AMBASSADOR HERMES REPLIED TO STOESSEL THAT THE FRG IS 
PREPARING ITS POSITION FOR THE NORTH 'ATLANTIC COUNCIL 
MEETING ON FEBRUARY 3 TO ADDRESS THOSE U.S. CONCERNS. 



^^IJ^ESPONSE TO SpSTANTIALLY THE SAME PRESENTATION, 




PAGE 06 STATE 025939 

ASSISTANT SECRETARY HORMATS MADE CLEAR TO VON AMERONGEN 
THAT THE U.S. SANCTIONS POLICY SHOULD NOT BE UNDERCUT 
BY THE EUROPEANS. HE)i ASKED WHETHER FRG BUSINESSMEN 
WOULD FOLLOW THE U.S. SANCTIONS . POLICY, AS IN THE CASE 
WHERE THE U.S. HAS DENIED LICENSES FOR COMPANIES 
SUPPLYING PARTS TO THE PIPELINE. VON AMERONGEN ARGUED 
THAT FRG BUSINESSMEN PREFER MULTILATERAL CONTROLS LIKE 
COCOK RATHER THAK NATIONAL CONTROLS AND, IN FACT, HE 
HAS CALLED FOR THE ABOLITION OF NATIONAL CONTROLS IN 
SUCH CASES. VON AHERONGEN DEFINED UNDERCUTTING BY 
CITING THE ARMCO STEEL PROJECT DURING THE AFGHANISTAN 
CRISIS WHERE THE FRG DID NOT SEEK TO TAKE OVER THIS 
PROJECT FROM THE U.S. CONTRACTOR. COMMENT: HE DID 
NOT MENTION THE ALCOA ALUMINUM DEAL, IN WHICH KLOECKNER 
REPLACED THE U.S. PARTNER, AT LEAST IN OUR VIEW. END 
COMMENT. HE ALSO REITERATED THE FRG INABILITY TO 

PAGE HO. 




TEXT OF TELEGHaK 82STATE 025939 



SUPPLY ROTORS TO REPLACE GENERAL ELECTRIC IN THE CASE 
OF THE PIPELINE PROJECT. HOWEVER, IN REPLY TO HORMATS 
DIRECT QUESTION ON SUBCONTRACTING, VON AMERONGEN 
BELIEVED THAT MANNESMANN WILL NOT PRESS AEG TO FULFILL 
ITS CONTRACTS; HOWEVER, AEG, GIVEN ITS FINANCIAL 
CONDITION, MUST SEEK TO FIND REPLACEMENT SUPPLIES FOR 
THE GENERAL ELECTRIC ROTORS. HE ALSO NOTED THAT THE 
U.S. ACTION WILL HAVE A HEAVY POLITICAL COST AS REGARDS 
THE ATTITUDES OF GERMAN BUSINESSMEN TOWARD THE UNITED 
STATES . 

9. HORMATS CALLED ON THE FRG TO CONSIDER AGAIN 
DEVELOPING ALTERNATIVE AND MORE RELIABLE SOURCES OF 
ENERGY THAN SOVIET SOURCES. HE WARNED THAT DEPENDENCE 
IS INDEED A SERIOUS PROBLEM IN THAT IT IS MORE 

DIFFICULT 




PAGE 07 STATE P25939 . . - . 

TO AFFECT SHORTAGES OF GAS AS OPPOSED TO OIL? 
DISTRIBUTION PATTERNS OF THE GAS ARE TOO HEAVILY 
FOCUSED ON RESIDENTIAL AREAS. AS A CONSEQUENCE, THE 
PIPELINE PROJECT HAY LEAD THE PUBLIC TO APPLY PRESSURE ' 
ON THE FRG AND LIMIT FRG FLEXIBILITY IN POLICY MAKING. 
HORMATS ENVISIONED RESTRAINTS ON FRG POLICY OPTIONS IF 
SUCH OPTIONS JEOPARDIZED THE SUPPLY OF NATURAL GAS FROM 
THE USSR. HE ALSO ARGUED THAT THE SOVIET HARD CURRENCY 
GAINS FROM THIS PROJECT WILL ALLOW THEM TO PURCHASE 

• ABROAD NEEDED HIGH TECHNOLOGY FOR THEIR KILITAHY 
DEVELOPMENT. CONSEQUENTLY, THE U.S. AND THE FRG MUST 
SPEND MORE IN THEIR OWN MILITARY PROGRAMS TO COUNTE, 
THIS ADDITIONAL MILITARY POTENTIAL OF THE SOVIET 
UNION. VON AMERONGEN REPLIED JflTH SUBSTANTIALLY THE 
SAME. ARGUMENTS USED WITH STOB^EL BUT WAS CONCERNED 
WHETHER THE U.S. WAS OPPaSED'"TO ANY NEW SOURCES OF .• 
FOREIGN EXCHANGE WHICH THE SOVIETS COULD GAIN. HOBKATS 
REPLIED THAT THE U^S. IS NOT AIMING AT CUTTING OFF ALL 
EAST-WEST TRADE, BUT THAT THIS PROJECT CEtEATES A 
SPECIAL PROBLEM IN ITS MAGNITUDE AMD IN. ITS ELEMENT OP 

■ DEPENDENCE. HE SUGGESTED THAT WE MUST DEAL WITH THIS 
PROBLEM THROUGH STRENGTHENED COOPERATION COUPLED WITH 
CLEAR' SIGNALS TO THE SOVIET UNION INCLUDING ACTION IN 
COCXJM, INCREASING THE COST OP CREDITS TO THE SOVIET 
UNION' (AS IS BEING SUGGESTED IN OECD, , HIGHER TARIFFS ■ 
ON SOVIET EXPORTS, RESTRICTIONS ON SOVIET MARITIME 
ACTIVITY, AND SEDUCTIONS IK SOVIET COMMERCIAL 
REPRESENTATION. VON AMERONGEN RETURNED TO HIS ARGUMENT 
OF WHETHER THE WEST COULD PUNISH THE SOVIETS AND 
EXPRESSED HIS SUSPICION THAT EVEN IF THE DEMANDS OF 
SOLIDARITY HAD OEEN COMPLETELY FULFILLED, THE ECONOMIC 
PSOBLEHS IN POLAND WOULD HAVE BEEN JUST AS GREAT. 
HORMATS REJOINED THAT OUR READING OF THE ECONOMIC 

PAGE NO. 5 



wmm 




TBKT OF TELEGRAK 82ST&TE 025939 



SITUATION IN POLAND SHORTLI BEFORE THE DECLARATION OP 
MARTIAL LAW WAS THAT STABILITY WAS BEGINNING TO 
RETURN, PRODUCTION ESPECIALLY IN THE COAL MINES WAS 



PAGE 08 STATE 025939 . . 

INCREASING AND THE PROSPECTS FOR RECOVERY WERE BETTER 
THAN THEY HAD BEEN. HE ALSO NOTED THAT THE IMPOSITION 
OF HARTIAL LAW WILL NOT -WORK TO RESTORE ECONOMIC 
VIABILITY IN POLAND. 

10. EUR/DAS NILES, IN RESPONSE- TO VON AMERONGEN'S 
CLAIM MAT THE POLISH SITUATION WAS DETERIORATING 
BEFORE TEE IMPOSITION OP MARTIAL LAW, REJECTED HIS 
ANALYSIS THAT MARTIAL LAW WAS INEVITABLE. NILES 
RELAYED TO VON AMERONGEN THE KEY ASPECTS OF OUR 
ANALYSIS INCLUDING THE FOLLOWING: BEFORE DECEMBER 13, 
1981THE POLISH ECONOMY WAS NOT INEVITABLY HEADED FOR 
DISASTER. THERE HAD BEEN 



wmm 



VIRTUALLY NO STRIKES IN INDUSTRY, PRODUCTION WAS 
INCREASING (COAL MINING WAS AT THE HIGHEST LEVEL IN 
MONTHS;, THERE WAS NO CHAOS, THE DISCIPLINE AND MORALE 
OF THE WORKERS WAS AT A HIGH LEVEL; SERIOUS PROBLEMS 
WERE ENC0UNTEREI3 PRIMARILY IN SUPPLY OF KEY COMPONENTS 
AND PARTS. NILES ADDED THAT ALTHoijGH SOLIDARITY HAD 
PLANNED A STRIKE FOR DECEMBER 17. THEIR 
PREVIOUSLY SCHEDULED GENERAL STRIKES HAD 
NOT COME TO PASS. VON AMERONGEN REJOINED BY REFERRING 
TO HIS CONVERSATION WITH POLISH VICE PREMIER RAKDWSKI 
WHO HAD SHOWN HIM A NEWSPAPER LIST OF STRIKES 
APPROXIMATELY FOUR WEEKS BEFORE DECEMBER 13.' THE LIST 
WAS IMPRESSIVELY LONG, ALTHOUGH IK POLISH WHICH 
AMERONGEN DOESN'T READ. HE PERSONALLY DID NOT BELIEVE 
THAT THE SOVIETS HAD ASKED THE POLISH GOVERNMENT TO 
IMPOSE MARTIAL LAW, BUT RECOGNIZED THAT THE POLES MUST 
HAVE INFORMED AND CLEARED IT WITH THE SOVIETS. HE 
BELIEVED THAT THE IMPOSITION OF MARTIAL LAW WAS A 
FACE-SAVING DEVICE FOB THE POLISH LEADERSHIP. NILES 




PAGE 09 STATE 025939 

RESPONDED THAT THE SELF-JUSITIFICATION OF THE POLISH 
LEADERSHIP FOR ITS IMPOSITION OP MARTIAL LAW MUST BE 
COUNTERED AND THAT WE HAD CLEAR EVIDENCE THAT THE 

PREPARATIONS FOR THIS MILITARY ACTION HAD BEEN UNDERWAY 
FOR MANY MONTHS WITH FULL SOVIET PARTICIPATION. HE 
NOTED THAT THE SPEED AND EFFICIENCY WITH 'WHICH THE 
POLISH ARMY TOOK OVER DECEMBER 13 ALSO SUGGESTS THAT 
•SUCH ACTION WAS PLANNED AND EXECUTED W.ITH SOVIET 
KNOWLEDGE AND INFLUENCE. 

PAG& NO. 6 




TEXT OF TELEQR&II 32ST&T'E 025939 



STOESSEL 




PAGE NO. ■ 7 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 82B0NN 000872 




P%GE 01 
ACTION EUR- 12 



BONK 00872 01 OF 03 142257Z 



OCT-DC 
H-01 
PM-09 
SPHS-02 



aDs-00 

10-15 
PA-01 
/086 M 



INR-10 

NSCE-00 

INRE-00 



SS-10 

NSAE-00 

SAL-01 



OIC-02 
SSO-00 
ACDA-12 



CIAE-00 

HA-06 

ICAE-00 



DQDE-00 

L-03 

SP-02 



0 14202gz JAN 82 ZFF-4 
PM AMEHBASSy BONN 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC NIACT IHMEDIATE 3178 
NATO COLLECTIVE 
USMISSION USBERLIN 
AMEHBASSY BERLIN 
ITSCINCEUR VAIHINGEH SE 
CINCUSAREUR HEIDELBERG GE 
CINCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE 
USNMR SHAPE 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEHBASSY WARSAW 
USMISSION GENEVA 



-065351 142302Z /61/60 



DEPARTMENT OF STATE 



iSJFPC/CDR 



(Xrelease <A declassify 

t l EXCISE ( ) DECLASSIFY 
( ) •jdNV IN PART 
( ) DuLiTE Non - Responsive Info 
FOiA Exemptions, . 


MR Cases Only; 

pn nitatinne 

TS authoritv • 


( ) C1JVSS1FY as ( ) 3 ijr I ) C 
t ) DOWNGRADE TS to ( ) S or ( ) C 


PA P.onnptlona, 



[SECTION 01 OF 03 BONN 00872 



COHRECTEDCOPy (SECTION INFO 03 VICE 02) 



GENEVA USIMF DELEGATION 



E.O. 12065: GDS 1/14/88 (BARKLEY, RICHAED C.) OH-P 
TAGS: PINT, INF, EEWT, ENRG, GE 

SUBJECT: CHANCELLOR SCHMIDT'S JANUARY 14 BUNDESTAG 
— SPEECH: ALL TOGETHER NOW 




SUMMARY: IN A STORMY BUNDESTAG SESSION HELMUT 



SCHMIDT REVIEWED HIS GOVERNMENT'S POLICY ON POLAND 
SINCE THE IMPOSITION OF MARTIAL LAW. HE DESCRIBED 
BONN, WASHINGTON AND PARIS AS IN ACCORD, BOTH IN 
THEIR ASSESSMENT OF THE SITUATION AND IN HOW EACH SHOULD 




PAGE 02 BONN 00872 01 OF 03 142257Z 

UUSIFIED 



REAqy TO IT. THERE WAS ALSO NO SIGN OF WAVERING 
FBOH THE TONE J«fe SUBSTANCE WHICH SCHMIDT STRUCK 
IN WASHINGTON. SPEAKING FOR JHE OPPOSITION, HELMUT 
KOHL CASTIGATED SPD AND FDP POLICY AND SCHMIDT IK 
PARTICULAR AS CONTRIBUTING TO A SERIOUS LACK OF 
CREDIBILITY AMC^NG THE PHG'S CLOSEST ALLIES. 
END SUMMARY. 



PAGE NO. i 



T.EXT OF TELEGRRM 82B0HN 000872 



2. (U) HELMUT SCHHIDT, IN HIS JANUARY 14 ADDRESS TO- THE 
^BUNDESTAG. STRONGLY DEFENDED HIS GOVERNMENT'S PRESENT 
STANCE ON POLAND, EMPHASIZING THE BROAD AGREEMENT HE 
HAS REACHED WITH PRESIDENTS REAGAN AND MITTERRAND. 



3. (J) DECLARING THAT " WE ARE NO WANDERERS BETWEEN TWO 
WORLDS," SCHHIDT BITTERLY ACCUSED THE OPPOSITION OF 
UKWITTINGLY ASSISTING SOVIET PROPAQANDISTS IN 
ATTEMPTING TO DRIVE A WEDGE BETWEEN THE NATO ALLIES, 
HE SHARPLY CRITICIZED RECENT CDU STATEMENTS FOR 
SOWING THE SEEDS OF DISHARMONY, AND LINKED CDU 
CRITICISM TO NAZI-STYLE ARGUMENTS AGAINST POLES AND 
RUSSIANS ONCE AGAIN BEING HEARD IN THE FRG. (THIS 
COMMENT TOUCHED OFF A TWO-MINUTE CHORUS OF BOOING 
FROM THE CDU/CSU.) 



4.CU)THE CHANCELLOR NOTED THAT THE BUNDESTAG, 'WITH 
ITS DECEMBER 18 RESOLUTION ON POLAND, WAS THE 
FIRST PARLIAMENT IN THE WORLD TO REGISTER ITS 
GRIEVANCES AGAINST IMPOSITION OF MARTIAL LAW IN 
POLAND. HE APPLAUDED THE GERMAN PEOPLE'S SPONTANEOUS 
SUPPORT FOR THE POLISH PEOPLE THROUGH 




PAGE 03 BONN 00872 01 OF 03 142257Z 

THE MILLIONS OF PACKAGES THUS FAR SENT TO .POLAND 
AND WHICH CONTINUE AT THE RATE OF OVER 10,000 PER 
DAY. SCHMIDT STRESSED THE BROAD UNITY OF VIEWS ON THE 
POLISH SITUATION SHARED WITH PRESIDENTS REAGAN 
AND MITTERRAND IN THEIR RECENT PRIVATE MEETINGS 

IN WASHINGTON AND PARIS, AND ATTEMPTED TO DEBUNK 
MEDIA REPORTS THAT FRG VIEWS ARE AT VARIANCE 
WITH THE OTHER ALLIANCE PARTNERS. 



cusra 



5. (U) SCHMIDT STRESSED THREE THEMES ON WHICH HE FOUND 
HIMSELF IN FULL ACCORD WITH PRESIDENT REAGAN. 

— INF. SCHMlbT WELCOMED U.S. READINESS TO PROCEED 
WITH INF TALKS, AND QUOTED THE US-FRG DECLARATION 
THAT ARMS CONTROL IS AN "INDISPENSIBLE ELEMENT 

OF OUR COMMON SECURITY POLICY." HE RECALLED HIS 

SUPPORT FOR AND IDENTIFICATION WITH PRESIDENT REAGAN'S 

NOVEMBER 18 PROGRAM FOR NEGOTIATIONS. AS EVIDENCE 

OP US DEVOTION TO INF ARMS CONTROL, THE CHANCELLOR 

NOTED THAT THE TALKS ONCE AGAIN GOT UNDER WAY IN 

GENEVA TWO DAYS AGO. • 

— CSCE. SCHMIDT STRESSED THAT THE HELSINKI FINAL 
ACT "PROVIDES AN IMPORTANT BASIS FOR OUR DEMAND 
THAT THE PRESENT POLISH REGIME RETURN TO THE COURSE 
OP HEPORH. IN THIS REGARD, IT IS HOT A QUESTION 

PAGE NO. 



icussra 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 82B0NN 000872 



OF MEDDLING IN POLAND'S INTERNAL AFPAIHS. 
RATHER, THE CSCE SIGNATORY STATES — INCLUDING 
THE SOVIET UNION* ~ EXPRESSLY ACCEPTED THE FACT THAT 
THE CSCE FOLLOW-ON CONFERENCE IN MADRID SHOULD ASSESS 
CSCE-SELATED CONSEQUENCES IN THE SIGNATORY STATES. 
PRESIDENT REAGAN AND I AGREE COMPLETELY THAT THE 
CRISIS IN AND ABOUND POLAND MUST BE THE OBJECT OF 
THOROUSH DELIBERATIONS IN MADRID AT A MEETING 
OF KINISTEHS." 




NHN 



TEXT OF TELEGRAK 82BOHN 000872 



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-221342 192230Z /73/63 



0 142029Z JAK 82 ZFF-4 
FM AMEMBASSY BONN 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC NIACT IMMEDIATE 3179 
NATO COLLECTIVE 
USHISSION USBERLIN 
AMEMBASSY BERLIN 
USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE 
CINCtJSAREUH HEIDELBERG SE 
CINCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE 
USHMR SHAPE 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY WARSAW 
USHISSION GENEVA 

^^^^ SECTION 02 OF 03 BONN 00872 
CORRECTEDCOPY (SECTION 02 OF 03 VICE 02 OF 02) 



— DIALOGUE. "JUST AS WE DO, PRESIDENT REAGAN 
AND HIS GOVERNMENT CONSIDER THAT PARTICULARLY IN 
TIMES OF CRISIS IT IS IMPORTANT FOR ONE ANOTHER 
TO STAY IH CONTACT. AGAINST THE BACKGROUND OF KY 
EXPERIENCES IN CONVERSING WITH GENERAL SECRETARY 
BREZHNEV IN BONN, I ARGUED FOR A MEETING OF THE 
PRESIDENT WITH THE GENERAL SECRETARY AT THE 
RIGHT MOMENT (ZUH RECHTEN ZEITPUNKT) . FAR MORE 
IMPORTANT THAN OUR GERMAN-SOVIET DISCUSSIONS IS 
THE ABILITY OF THE TWO WORLD POWERS TO ASSESS EACH 
OTHER CORRECTLY IN THEIR FUTURE CONDUCT." 




PAGE 02 BONN 00872 02 OF 03 192159Z 



7.(U) SCHMIDT WAS NONCOMMITTAL ON SANCTIONS, NOTING THAT 
HIS "AMERICAN INTERLOCUTORS EXPLAINED THAT THEY CONSIDER 
THEIR MEASURES OF DECEMBER 29 .AS A STRONG POLITICAL 
SIGNAL TO THE SOVIET UNION, AND THAT IN THEIR VIEW 
THE CONTINUING SUPRESSION OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS 
AND RIGHTS TO FREEDOM IN POLAND HAS FAR-REACHING 
(SCHWERWIEGENDE) CONSEQUENCES FOR INTERNATIONAL 
RELATIONS. I AGREED WITH THIS INTERPRETATION." 
SCHMIDT ALSO NOTED, IN LANGUAGE ESSENTIALLY IDENTICAL 



TEX-I OT lELEGHWl 82BOHS 000872 



^TO THaT OF THE DECEMBER 18 BUNDESTAG JOINT RESOLUTIOTHAT 
fGOVEBHHENT ECOHOHIC AID TO POLAND AS LONQ AS THE 
OPPRESSIVE HEASUHES CONTINUE." SCHHIDT RECALLED THAT 
IN THE SECENT PAST — E.G., IHAN AND AFGHANISTAN — 
VJHEN THE FRG EVENTUALLY DID DECIDE TO IMPOSE 
SANCTIONS, IT STUCK TO THEH. 

8.(11) SCHMIDT DEFENDED HIS GOVERNMENT'S CONTINUED 

EFFORTS TO MAINTAIN A DIALOGUE BETWEEN EAST AND 

WEST. HE ALSO POINTED TO THE COMMON HERITAGE AND 

VALUES OF EUROPE AND THE UNITED STATES, AND REFERRED 

TO PUBLIC OPINION POLLS WHICH SHOW THAT THE OVERWHELMING 

MAJORITY OF GERMANS SUPPORT FRG PARTICIPATION IN 

NATO AND THE DOUBLE DECISION, BUT ALSO THE GOVERNMENT'S 

POLICY OF DEtENTE. HE ALSO ROUNDLY CRITICIZED CERTAIN 

SEGMENTS OF THE GERMAN "PEACE MOVEMENT" FOR FINDING 

SS-20'S TARGETED ON THE PRO LESS DANGEROUS THAN 

US MISSILES WHICH DO HOT YET EXIST, AND FOR FAILING 

TO DEMONSTRATE AGAINST MARTIAL LAW IN POLAND: 

"PEOPLE WHO PROTEST AT HIGH VOLUME AGAINST THE WEST, 

BUT HAVEN'T A SINGLE WORD AND DO NOT DEMONSTRATE FOR 

PEOPLE IN POLAND, MAKE NO CONVINCING IMPRESSION ON 

ME, EITHER MORAL OR POLITICAL." 




PAGE 03 BONN 00872 02 OF 03 1921593 



9. (U) IN AN EMOTIONAL RESPONSE, CDU CHAIRMAN HELMUT 
KCHiL BEGAN BY EXPRESSING . HIS THANKS TO GERMAN CITIZENS 
WHO HAD RESPONDED MASSIVELY TO POLISH NEEDS. HE 
CONTRASTED THIS TO THE "WEAKNESS AND OPPORTUNISM" 
OF the" CHANCELLOR'S POLICIES IN RECENT MONTHS: 
"ALL YOU CAN DO IS RESPOND WITH NAKED AGGRESSIVENESS." 
KOHL CHARACTERIZED SCHMIDT'S POLICY AS A MIXTURE OF 
"HUBRIS AND WEAKNESS." THE HUBRIS, HE ASSERTED, WAS 
SEEN IN THE EFFORT TO EQUATE ATTACKS ON FEDERAL 
GOVERNMENT POLICY WITH ATTACKS ON THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC. 
THE AGGRESSIVITY, KOHL WENT ON, WAS DEMONSTRATED IN 
SCHMIDT'S IMPLIED CAUSE-AND-EFFECT RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN 
tCHglSTIIsN ^DSioCRATIC CRITICISM- AND LETTERS TO THE 
CHANCELLOR FROM OLD NAZIS. KOHL: "WE'VE HEARD THIS 
MELODY AND TEXT FOR YEARS — NO PARTICULARLY 
DEPUTY HELMUT SCHMIDT, SHOULD SAY SUCH THINGS." 
STRONG CDU/CSU APPLAUSE FOLLOWED THIS STATEMENT. 



icusm 



PASE NO. 5 



"THE FRG WILL SUSPEND (OFFE 



TEXT OF TELEGRAM 82B0NN 000872 



ADP164 



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SPRS-02 



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0 14202gz JAN 82 ZFF-4 
FH AMEMBASSY BONN 

TO SECSTATE WASHDC NIACT IMHEDI&TE 3180 
NATO COLLECTIVE 
USMISSION USBERLIN 
AKEHBASS; BERLIN 
USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE 
CINCUSAHEUR HEIDELBERG GE 
CINCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE 
USNMR SHAPE 
AMEHBASSy MOSCOW 
AHEHBASSZ WARSAW 
5JSHISSI0N SES^k 




SECTION 03 OF 03 BONN 00872 



10. (U) KOHL CONTINUED IN THE SAME VEIN, STANDING UP 
FOR FRANZ JOSEF STRAUSS, WHOM SCHMIDT HAD ATTACKED 
DIRECTLY! "I DON'T HAVE TO ASK WHERE (STRAUSS) 
STOOD ON JULY 20, 1944." KOHL RECALLED THAT AT A 
BUNDESTAG DEBATE LAST FALL HE HAD DEFENDED SCHMIDT 
AGAINST ATTACKS BY MENACHEM BEGIN. SCHMIDT WAS 
MAKING IT IMPOSSIBLE, KOHL DECLARED, FOR HIM TO 
CONTINUE TO DEFEND THE GERMAN CHANCELLOR. "NEVER 
HAS A CHANCELLOR CONTRIBUTED SO LITTLE TO DOMESTIC 
PEACE." DESCRIBING THE LAST FOUR WEEKS AS A 
TRAGEDY FOR THE WESTERN ALLIANCE, FOR WHICH THE 
SPD IS RESPONSIBLE, KOHL PORTRAYED THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC 
AS SITTING BETWEEN TWO CHAIRS. HE EXPRESSED CONCERN 
AT THE ANTI-GERMAN PEELINGS WHICH SCHMIDT'S POLICIES 



BONN' 00872 03 OF 03 142121Z 



PAGE 02 



HAVE ALLEGEDLY AROUSED IN THE UNITED STATES, AND 
DECLARED THAT GERMANS HAVE LOST MUCH OF THE TRUST 
PAINFULLY WON OVER THE PAST. THIRTY YEARS. 



11. (U) THE PROBLEM, KOHL ASSERTED, IS NOT HELMUT 
SCHMIDT, BUT HOW THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC GOES ON FROM 
HERE. HE RECALLED THREE INSTANCES IN THE PAST 
THIRTY DAYS WHEN THE CHANCELLOR HAS BEEN CAUGHT 



UHGLASSIFIED 



T£XT OF TELESRfla 82BOWN 000872 



SHORT: FIRST, WHEN SCHHIDT DESCRIBED HIHSELF, 
AFTER HIS CONVERSATIOK WITH ERICH HONECKER, AS JUST 

as UPSET as honeckeh himself that the polish crack- 
down HAD BEEN "NECESSARY;" SECOND, WHEN SCHMIDT'S 
PRESS SPOKESMAN BECKER HAD DECLARED ON DECEMBER 30 
THAT THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT DID NOT SHARE THE 
U.S. ASSESSMENT THAT THE SOVIET UNION STOOD BEHIND 
POLISH EVENTS; AND THIRD, WHEN SCHMIDT, IN A RECENT 
KEW YORK TIHES INTERVIEW, HAD LINKED POLISH EVENTS 
TO YALTA. KOHL ASKED THE CHANCELLOR HOW, IN VIEW 
OF THE GERMAN ROLE IN POLAND'S FATE, -HE COULD 
REFER TO YALTA. "I WOULD EXPECT A MINIMUM OF 
HISTORICAL UNDERSTANDING FROM THE CHANCELLOR." 
TO CITE YALTA, KOHL WENT ON, COULD ONLY LEAD -TO . 
IMMEDIATE MISUNDERSTANDINGS AND TO APPLAUSE FROM MOSCOW. 
THE MAIN POINT, KOHL SUHKBD UP, IS THAT THE FEDERAL 
REPUBLIC IS BEING HURT BX CRITICISM FROM FOREIGN 
GOVERNMENTS, PEOPLE AND THE PRESS. TOU ARE GUILTY 
BEFORE THE GERMAN PEOPLE." 



iCUSSlFlEO 



12. COMMENT: TODAY'S BUNDESTAG DEBATE, WHICH PROMISES 

TO DRAG ON LATE INTO THE EVENING, WILL GO DOWN AS 

ONE OF THE STORMIEST, MOST PERSONAL AND MOST VITUPERATIVE 



PAGE 03 BONN 00872 03 OF 03 142121Z . 

IN RECENT MEMORY. IN SUM, CHANCELLOR SCHMIDT PRESENTED 
A CAREFUL AND THOROUGH REVIEW OF THE CURRENT STATE OF 
GERMAN FOREIGN POLICY, WITH A STRESS ON THE 
COMHON BONDS LINKING BONN TO ITS WESTERN ALLIANCE 
PARTNERS AND TO WASHINGTON IN PARTICULAR. THE SUBSTANCE 
OF SCHMIDT'S SPEECH WAS RIGHT, BUT THE TONE — PARTI- 
CULARLY THE DRAGGING UP OF OLD NAZI-RELATED GHOSTS — 
WAS AT TIMES UNFORTUNATE. THE EXPLANATION APPEARS 
TO LIE IN SCHMIDT'S PERCEIVED NEED TO PUT THE 
OPPOSITION ON THE FOREIGN POLICY DEFENSIVE AND 
CREATE FOR HIHSELF THE BEJOADEST POSSIBLE BOOM FOR 
HANUEVER. END COHHENT. BURNS 



wmm 



PAGE NO. 8 



liflKQpn mm ^^^-^ ly ^ 



✓pa^-^ * gOSSIBLE STATflieMT OF US EOLICV RHATIWG TO NOCL£AR-FREE ZQHES 

The groo9Ml 

On vt eppcopriate occaslQn, « high level US official night iacliKie 
in hia remarks a sCaCemenC along the following lines: 

"In some regions o£ the world* the question o£ nuclear 
weapons cannot be separated froa other questions affecting the 
military security of the states concerned. The United States 
does not regard this as a satisfactory situation, and we shall 
^ continue the search for arrangements that will better serve 

the security of all. But «riiile seeking such arrangements, we 
shall continue, in light of the wish