Skip to main content

Full text of "Development Challenges, South-South Solutions: November 2012 Issue"

See other formats



E-newsletter of the Special Unit for South-South Cooperation in UNDP 


November 2012 

Subscribe Unsubscribe Contact Us 

1) All-in-One Solar Kiosk Business Solution for Africa 

Kiosks are ubiquitous throughout commercial areas in the global South. These 
highly efficient little business outlets enable small-scale entrepreneurs to sell 
necessary products without the expense of renting and running a shop. 

While they are a great solution for entrepreneurs and customers alike, they 
often lack connection to municipal services such as electricity and water. That 
means kiosk owners need to use batteries or a generator if they need a 
refrigerator to cool food and drink - an expensive proposition. 

A new product launched this year in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia offers a solution. 

Created by a team of German architects, the Solarkiosk ( is an 
autonomous business unit designed for remote, off-grid areas. With solar 
panels across the top of the kiosk, it generates its own electricity and is 
basically a mini solar power plant. Inside, it is just like a conventional kiosk, 
with display shelves for products and a counter in the front with a flap - which 
can feature advertising and messages - that can be opened up for business 
and locked shut when the kiosk is closed. 

The kiosk captures solar energy and the electricity generated can be used to 
run a computer, lights or a refrigerator. That makes the Solarkiosk capable of 
offering a wide range of services needing electricity, from Internet access to 
car-battery charging and mobile phone recharging - a now essential service as 
mobile phone use explodes across Africa. 

The first kiosk was prototyped in November 2011 and the makers 
incorporated their first subsidiary, Solarkiosk Solutions PLC, in Addis Ababa, 
Ethiopia in March 2012. 

According to Solarkiosk 1.5 billion people worldwide have no regular supply 
of electricity - 800 million of them in Africa. The makers of Solarkiosk consider 
this a huge market and hope to make the most of it. 

The kiosk comes in a kit form ready for assembly. The kit is designed to be 
easy to transport and is light enough and compact enough to be transported 
on the back of a donkey, its makers claim. 

Solarkiosk operators receive training in running and managing a kiosk. They 
learn about solar technology and how to maintain the kiosks and run a 
sustainable business. Once the operators are trained and up and running, they 
typically hire others to help with running the kiosk and offer the services at 
convenient times for the customers. The Solarkiosk then, potentially, becomes 
an income and employment generator for the local community. 

The kiosk is designed to be durable, secure and difficult to tamper with from 
the outside. The kiosks have been designed to suit many environments and 
requirements. There is a basic platform that can be added to or expanded 
depending on local needs and a series of models depending on the 
customer's needs. Cleverly, the largest kiosk model is powerful enough to 
provide electricity to telecom towers. This has proven attractive to mobile 
telephone companies who can power a telecom tower and make money from 
running the kiosk as well. 

In this issue: 

1) All-in-One Solar Kiosk Business 
Solution for Africa 

2) Ugandan Fish Sausages Transform 
Female Fortunes 

3) Woman Restaurant Entrepreneur 
Embraces Brand-Driven Growth 

4) Better by Design in China 

5) Energy-Efficient Wooden Houses are 
also Earthguake Safe 

Featured links: 
Equator Initiative 
SSC Website 

Quick links: 

Window on the World 
Upcoming Events 
Awards and Funding 
Training and Job Opportunities 
Past Issues 

Bookmark with: 

IS QB aB Q) & 


what is this? 

ISSN 2227-3905 

The Solarkiosk is especially useful for countries near the equator where nights are long (12 hours) and the kiosk 
can help people get light to read, study and work. 

Solarkiosk is targeting off-grid customers who are using up to 40 per cent of their household income on 
electricity substitutes. According to Solarkiosk, people in off-grid households collectively spend more every year 
(US $30 billion) lighting their homes - using candles for example - than do all the people living in electricity grid 
connected countries (US $20 billion). 

Solar technology is becoming more affordable at the same time as demand in developing countries for electricity 
and the products powered by electricity is on the rise. Mobile phones are now essential tools for doing business 
and staying connected - and all of them need to be kept charged up. 

Solarkiosk believes it can save the average off-grid household US $10 per month, while each kiosk could supply 
solar electricity services to between 200 and 5,000 households. 

For now, Solarkiosk is available in Ethiopia. It is based in Berlin, Germany and receives money from the German 
government. The kiosks themselves were designed and built by Graft Architects ( ). 


11) How to maintain a solar panel. Website: 2005490 maintain-solar- 

2) How to start a kiosk business. Website: 

3) Kiosk Innova: A Turkish pioneer of hi-tech kiosks for retail services. Website: 

2) Ugandan Fish Sausages Transform Female Fortunes 

What to do when your food production enterprise is just not making much money? It is a common problem in 
the global South, where farmers and fishers often struggle to survive and can face the threat of bankruptcy and 
destitution when trying to provide essential food for their communities. 

Some fish farmers in Uganda - many of them women - were caught up in this dilemma, unable to find a way to 
make a good income from the fish they were harvesting. 

But a lucky hire for one fish cooperative, in the form of a humble secretary, has turned into a business and food 
success story that is getting set to jump across borders in Africa. 

Lovin Kobusingya is the former secretary and university graduate who, through tenacity and ingenuity, has built a 
business selling fish sausages that has become a hit in Kampala, Uganda in East Africa. 

Through trial and error, Kobusingya came upon the idea of turning the fish into sausages. The product, basically 
unknown in Uganda before, became a tidy solution to the dilemma of how to sell fish at a premium price that 
could boost the income of the farmers. 

She joins the growing number of female entrepreneurs in Africa. Africa has the highest rate of female 
entrepreneurship in the world, according to the World Bank, which says two-thirds of women in Africa are in the 
labour force. 

The 29-year-old mother of two set up Kati Fish Farms ( ) and Kati Farm Supplies Ltd. and now 
sells 500 kilograms of fish sausage a day. 

Located in the country's capital, Kampala, Kati Farm Supplies Ltd. prepares and sells a wide range of food 
products made with chicken, beef, fish, pork, goat, lamb and honey. 

Kobusingya is notable not only for her success as a food entrepreneur, but also for the way she has generated 
attention and excitement around her business and products. 

According to Kenya's Nation newspaper, Kobusingya boosted her profile by gaining customers in Uganda's 

She graduated six years ago from Makerere University in Kampala ( ) and originally planned to go 
into banking. Like many graduates, she found it hard to break into the sector and get a steady job. After a year of 
frustrating job hunting, she found a position as a secretary with a fish cooperative society. 

"I got a job after a rigorous interview," she told the Nation. "It was not well-paying. 

"The most challenging part of the job was dealing with fish farmers, who were grappling with an unsteady market 
for their produce." 

Despite all the problems facing the fish industry, Kobusingya became inspired to do something about it. Rather 
than just hoping market prices would turn in favour of the fish farmers, she diversified the cooperative's products 
to add value to the raw fish ingredients. 

"Most of our members were women who had taken up aquaculture (fish farming)," she said. "At the time, this was 
still a novelty." 

It is a tale of trial and error, as Kobusingya tells it. 

"We tried selling our products, such as fish feeds, and even selling directly to consumers. But I felt that there was 
something more we could do to help the farmers even more." 

Becoming frustrated with the constraints of her role, she decided to start the business on top of her day job. She 
started buying fish directly from the farmers, filleting it herself and selling it to customers. 

Yet, still fish was not selling and going to waste. 

Then the eureka moment came: make fish sausages. This had never been done in Uganda and she set about 
undertaking research on the Internet to learn how to do it. 

"I assembled bits and pieces of information from the Net on how to make the sausages," Kobusyingya said. 
"Everywhere I went seeking more information, people thought I was out of my mind." 

"Nobody had heard offish sausages but I received support from the Uganda Industrial Research Institute in 2011. 
They helped me to develop a formula for the product," she said. 

With the new product developed, Kobusingya tried selling it to the hotels in Kampala. And this was the crucial 
moment when her fortunes changed: people were excited by the new and novel product. 

The first orders earned her US $800 and with that jolt of cash, she was able to launch the product in February 

Production started at 100 kilograms of fish sausage a day. By the third month, she was able to produce 500 
kilograms a day. And because the product is so popular, she is running hard to meet demand from hotels, food 
outlets and institutions. 

Expanding into selling smoked fish and frozen chicken and beef, she is now working with 470 fish farmers, most 
of whom are women. 

"This business has motivated farmers throughout Uganda," she said. 

"The enterprise, now worth about Ush50 million (US $19,230), has 16 permanent employees," she said. 

She also took the fish sausages on the road and introduced them to the SmartFish trade event in Lusaka, Zambia, 
where they became a hit with attendees. 

SmartFish ( http://www.smartfish-coi.Org/#lhome/mainPaqe) is funded by the European Union through the 
European Development Fund and is implemented by the Indian Ocean Commission in partnership with regional 
trade organizations. The objective of the event was to increase trade within the region. 

With her confidence further boosted by the positive international reaction, Koubusingya is exploring how to sell 
into Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi. 

"I always knew I was a businesswoman," she told The New York Times. "When I was in high school, I used to sell 
illegal sweets. And I made money." 

"I am very happy and proud" of being a female entrepreneur. "When I was young, they said: A woman is a 
woman - a man should take care of you.' But women are actually contributing a lot more than men. We always 
find ourselves multitasking," when juggling work and a family. 


1) SmartFish: The SmartFish Programme aims at contributing to an increased level of social, economic 
and environmental development and deeper regional integration in the ESA-IO region through 
improved capacities for the sustainable exploitation of fisheries resources. Website: 

2) Southern Innovator Issue 3: Agribusiness and Food Security: Packed with tips and tales on how to 
tackle the challenges of making food production pay. Website: 

3) Uganda Industrial Research Institute: Uganda Industrial Research Institute is Uganda Government's 
lead agency for industrialization. Website: 

4) A photo gallery showing the harvesting of the fish and the making of the sausages. Website: =com content&view=article&id=70&ltemid=90 

3) Woman Restaurant Entrepreneur Embraces Brand-Driven Growth 

The journey of Zhang Lan is the tale of an entrepreneur who exemplifies the story of globalization. She has gone 
from working many part-time jobs while studying overseas, to becoming one of China's most successful food 

Starting with a very small and humble restaurant specializing in spicy food from China's Sichuan province, Zhang 
has cannily used branding innovation to grow her business and build her reputation in the food trade. Today the 
company she started, South Beauty Group ( ), has 71 restaurants, most in major cities such as 
Beijing and Shanghai. 

A series of bold moves focused on raising the profile of her restaurants and the South Beauty Group has paid off: 
the group was singled out by the China Hotel Association as one of the top 10 Chinese restaurant brands. By 
riding the country's breakneck growth and urbanization, her restaurant group has enjoyed double-digit growth in 
recent years in revenue and profits. 

Zhang's mission is to revitalize the Chinese restaurant scene by introducing a more upscale and consistent dining 

China's restaurant industry is booming and represents a significant opportunity: it is said it will have revenue of 
3.7 trillion yuan (US $590 billion) by 2015 (China Daily). 

"Most people in China don't know how to present food. I am happy that I have given some importance to the 
appearance of food," Zhang told the China Daily newspaper. 

"I strike a balance between popular and high-end brands in my daily life. This also works for South Beauty Group, 
which aims to attract customers to a modern place to enjoy high-grade and popular Chinese cuisine." 

Her business mission is to take the group outside of China and become a global brand. 

"Buoyed by the booming domestic high-end catering market, South Beauty Group is looking to be a major luxury 
brand in the global catering industry. It is not an easy task considering that there are different cultures and eating 
habits. But my past experience has taught me that opportunities often come along with challenges," she told 
China Daily. 

Zhang's business story started in a journey to Canada to pursue further education. To make ends meet, at one 
time she took on six part-time jobs, including washing dishes and food preparation. 

Anybody who has gone to another country to work and better their life knows how hard this can be: "During that 
period, I was so tired by the end of the day that I had to lift my legs onto the bed with my hands," Zhang said. 

But working hard in restaurants and beauty shops earned her US $20,000 in savings within two years. 

Zhang returned to Beijing in the early 1990s, a time when the country was undergoing significant market reforms. 
She opened a small restaurant in Beijing in 1991 serving Sichuan cuisine. Dining out was still a new experience in 
a country that had spent decades under austere communism. She made her restaurant different by emphasizing 
cleanliness and unique flavours for the food. She even used the design of the restaurant to set it apart: she 
gathered bamboo from Sichuan and used it to transform the restaurant into a little bamboo house. 

This attention to detail paid off. By 2000, Zhang had been successful enough to give her the confidence to open 
her first South Beauty Restaurant in Beijing's China World Trade Center, a high-end office building in the Central 
Business District. It proved to be a great way to boost her business's profile. 

"It was a bold decision, as rents were high, but I knew the returns would also be high," she said. 

By 2006, she was successful enough to make another brave move: open a luxury restaurant called the Lan Club, in 
Beijing. Having learned about the importance of distinguishing herself in the ever-growing restaurant 

marketplace in China, she invited world-famous designer Philippe Starck ( ) to design 
the restaurant. 

For Zhang, there was a bigger strategy at work: "I was not disheartened when some people said that I threw 
money away like dirt and 12 million yuan (US $1.92 million) was too much for a design draft. But I got great 
publicity and brand recognition with this design, far more than what is received by most companies which spend 
millions of yuan on television advertisements. Not everyone in China can boast of a Starck design in their 

In 2007, the company also started cooking meals for airlines flying between China and France, the Netherlands 
and South Korea. In 2008, it won the bid to be food and beverage provider for the 2008 Beijing Olympics and was 
named official caterer to the 2010 Shanghai World Expo. 

"These international events have given us great confidence in planning overseas expansion," Zhang said. 

The hallmarks of the dining experience at a South Beauty Restaurant include dramatic food presentation, upscale 
decor, a pleasant dining atmosphere and critically, waiting staff who are informed about the dishes they are 

Dramatic food preparation includes cooking food at the table for the diners and serving stir-fried shrimp on a 
plate with a goldfish bowl filled with live fish. 

"I want to change the cheap price and bad atmosphere tag that most Westerners have about Chinese food," 
Zhang told China Daily. 

She has attracted investors to take a stake in the business and become the second richest female entrepreneur in 
China, according to the 2011 China Restaurant Rich List. 

While the international economic crisis is still damaging growth in the United States and Europe, Zhang still plans 
to go global. She is looking to initially expand into Asia before moving into Europe and North America. 

"Our mission is to promote authentic Chinese cuisine across the world. With (the) Chinese economy growing 
steadily and its cultural influence gaining, it will not be long before we see some big global Chinese catering 
companies, much like McDonald's," Zhang concluded. And it looks like South Beauty Group wants to lead the 


1) Restaurant Branding: A website dedicated to discussing restaurant branding and how to do it. 

2) How to Start a Restaurant: Tips from the website. Website: 

3) Top tips on opening a restaurant from successful celebrity chef Gordon Ramsay. Website: 

4) Tips on how to handle the start-up costs of staring a restaurant. Website: 

4) Better by Design in China 

In recent decades, China has been known more for its inexpensive manufactured goods than for producing high 
quality products. But this is changing as the country seeks to move up the economic chain. 

China's long-established design traditions were largely overlooked as the country made its breakneck push to 
become the world's manufacturing powerhouse. But now, Chinese manufacturers want to be known for high- 
quality designs and products rather than just for cheap-and-cheerful merchandise. 

China is a critical lesson for the rest of the global South, and offers much inspiration to any country trying to 
develop, modernize and eradicate poverty. 

The country is the main reason for the dramatic reductions in global extreme poverty rates, and it can be proud 
of using its average yearly economic growth rate of 10 per cent to lift 440 million Chinese out of poverty - the 
biggest reduction of poverty in history (The Economist). The strategy of exporting manufactured goods into 
Western markets at competitive prices has dominated the past 20 years. 

But China faces a dilemma as other nations in the giobal South are rapidiy moving into this niche. It needs to 
quickiy become a high-vaiue producer, with unique products and designs generated in the country. 

Luckiiy, a renaissance in Chinese design over the past five years has been graduaiiy grabbing the attention of the 
world's creative community. 

Innovative Chinese designers are creating home furnishings and interiors that are being snapped up by European 

The Italian kitchen utensii design company Alessi turned to eight Chinese architects - including Ma Yansong and 
Yung Ho Chang - to design a range of trays called (Un) Forbidden City. The architects' designs were 
manufactured in Italy - a reversal of the pattern that has dominated for the past 20 years. 

The architects drew on Chinese traditions and 21st century technologies to design the trays. One was made using 
a 3D scanner which captured images used to make a mould. 

The drive to change and transform China's global economic role was promoted in 2011's Beijing International 
Design Week ( ), with its theme of transforming "Made in China to Designed in China." 

"When you have so much of a manufacturing base in one place, it's natural that people start thinking about how 
to climb the value chain," Philip Tinari, director of Beijing's Ullens Centre for Contemporary Art (UCCA) 
( - a champion of new artists and designers - told 

"Chinese design has become something to rally around and ... enjoys great official support because it's a way of 
improving China's long-term economic position." 

Other Chinese designers grabbing attention include Chen Xuan, who makes tables; chair-maker Gui Yang; Li 
Bowen, a maker of wicker chairs; and Ge Wei, a maker of jewellery boxes. 

Designer Huo Yijin makes contemporary tea trays, using heat-reactive lacquer coating to create dazzling effects. 

"Users can see the wonderful effect of water and temperature reacting on the tea trays when they drink Kungfu 
tea in the traditional way," Huo explained. 

Jingdezhen, Jiangxi province - a city that has been making ceramics since the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) - is now 
attracting craftspeople from around the world looking to tap into its expertise and skill. One attraction is Mr Yu's 
Big Ware Factory. Its unparalleled ability to create giant-size pottery is a design niche with much potential. 

Many foreign creatives are being drawn to China for its can-do attitude and the ability to break with conventions 
stifling creativity in the West. The next five years could see the world's design centre of gravity shift eastwards 


1) Ullens Centre for Contemporary Art (UCCA): The Ullens Center for Contemporary Art (UCCA) is a 
comprehensive, not-for-profit art center serving a global Beijing public. Website: 

2) China Shijitan Contemporary Art Center: A mixed-use art venue with experimental theatre, exhibition 
space, art gallery and production spaces. Website: 6.html 

3) Pearl Lam Galleries: Pearl Lam Galleries lead a stable of international and Chinese artists who are 
multidisciplinary, refuting the hierarchy of art forms. The galleries do not follow the model of Western 
galleries; rather, they have evolved from the philosophy of Chinese Literati, which does not segregate 
between the different art disciplines. Website: 

4) School of Design of the China Central Academy of Fine Arts (CAFA): The Central Academy of Fine Arts, 
located in Beijing, the capital of China, is an academy where culture, history and art are flourishing, 
which enjoys the best art resources of the world. Website: 

http://www.cafa. 1101 

5) Beijing's legendary 798 art district: "798" is located in the Dashanzi area, to the northeast of central 
Beijing. It is the site of state-owned factories including Factory 798, which originally produced 
electronics. Beginning in 2002, artists and cultural organizations began to divide, rent out, and re-make 
the factory spaces, gradually developing them into galleries, art centers, artists' studios, design 
companies, restaurants, and bars. Website: en.asp?classid = 17 

5) Energy-Efficient Wooden Houses are also Earthquake Safe 

In Argentina, an innovative housing project has married good design with energy efficiency, earthquake residence 
and the use of iocai materiais and labour. As energy resources continue to be stretched around the global South, 
innovative building designs will be critical to the creation of sustainable housing for the future. 

The happy mix of efficient modern design with affordable local materials and labour can be seen in three row 
houses designed and built by Buenos Aires-based Estudio BaBO ( ) in the El Once 
neighbourhood in Villa La Angostura, Patagonia, southern Argentina. 

The wooden houses are built in a Norwegian style. Estudio BaBO, founded in 2007, discovered that the 
Scandinavian nation's housing traditions were well suited to the particular needs of the region and the local 

The local government imposed a number of planning guidelines and restrictions that needed to be met to 
receive planning permission. This included creating row houses that must be made of wood - a plentiful local 
resource. They also had to be earthquake-safe, since the region is seismically active, and be able to withstand the 
heavy rains common to the region. 

Looking around for the right guidance to tackle this brief, Estudio BaBO discovered SINTEF - Norway's leading 
disseminator of research-based knowledge to the construction industry ( 
and-lnfrastructure/) . The Nordic nation has many wooden homes and also has similar environmental conditions 
and challenges to Patagonia - though its precipitation tends to fall as rain, rather than snow. 

The black-painted homes look typically Norwegian, with a tasteful and clean design that does not clash with the 
forested surroundings. An air chamber has been created inside the homes' walls allowing for constant ventilation 
of the wood, which prevents the wood from rotting and extends the life of the house. With the high rainfall of the 
region, wood is at risk of rotting if allowed to become damp. The air cavity also insulates the house, providing 
significant energy savings while keeping the interior warm and comfortable. 

Adding to the energy efficiency of the design, the windows are double-glazed and heat is also circulated through 
the floor - an efficient way to heat a home because heat rises. 

To keep costs down and the project simple, the palette used for the homes is simple but attractive: black, white, 
wood and metal. The local wood is cypress and is painted black. The interior walls are all white and the floors are 
made from black granite on the ground floor and cypress wood parquet on the upper floor. The rest of the 
woodwork in the house is also made of cypress. 
Using locally sourced materials helps to keep costs down. 

The project was initially conceived in 2009 and the houses were built in 2010-2011. While wood is plentiful in 
Patagonia, traditionally the use of wood in construction was rudimentary and local labour skill levels were low. 
This meant the design had to be simple and easy to build. 

"Despite the profusion of wood as a material in the south of Argentina, the lack of specialized knowledge and of 
a specialized industry narrow its uses to isolated structural elements and interior and exterior finishes," said one 
of the architects, Marit Haugen Stabell. 

The three units of two-storey row houses each come with a living room, dining room, kitchen, toilet, two 
bedrooms and a laundry room. Each home also has an outdoor patio. The homes are designed to receive 
maximum natural light. Deploying this energy efficient design is considered unusual for Argentina and Estudio 
BaBO has set a new standard for sustainable housing in the country. 

It looks like the CLF Houses could inspire others to look again at wood as a building material. 

1) A story on how researchers are perfecting wooden home designs to withstand heavy earthquakes. 

2) A website packed with photographs of wooden and other houses for inspiration and lesson learning. 
Website: homes/ 

3) A step-by-step slideshow on how a Norwegian wooden house was re-built. Website: 

4) Inspirational wooden home decorating ideas from across Scandinavia. Website: 


Southern Innovator (ISSN 2222-9280) magazine's third issue is now online and print copies are available for 
distribution. The third issue's theme is agribusiness and food security. View the issue online here: . 
Contact us about opportunities to sponsor this issue or any future issues and we can send you more information 
on how it works. 

Issue 4, on cities and urbanization, is in development and will be published later this year. Please contact the 
Special Unit for South-South Cooperation if you would like a copy (copies) of Southern Innovator 
( . 

The covers for Issues 2 and 3 are below: 

Contact us about opportunities to sponsor this issue or any future issues and we can send you more information 
on how it works. 

Issue 3, on agribusiness and food security, is now ready and will be published shortly. Issues 4 and 5 are also in 
the works for 2012. Please contact the Special Unit for South-South Cooperation if you would like a copy (copies) 
of Southern Innovator ( ). 

Follow us on Twitter @SouthSouthl 

Issue 1 of Southern Innovator was called "...a terrific tour de force of what is interesting, cutting edge and 
relevant in the global mobile/ICT space..." 

Also check out our South-South Expo: 2012's Expo will be in Vienna, Austria: 


The New Harvest: Agricultural Innovation in Africa by Calestous Juma, Publisher: Oxford University Press. 
Website: harvest.html 

Innovative Africa: The New Face of Africa: Essays on the Rise of Africa's Innovation Age by Will Mutua and 
Mbwana Ally, Publisher: Afrinnovator. Website: 

The Coming Prosperity by Philip Auerswald, Publisher: Oxford University Press. Website: 

The Lane/grabbers by Fred Pearce, Publisher: Eden Project Books. Website: 

The Revenge of Geographyby Robert D. Kaplan, Publisher: Random House. Website: 

Need, Speed and Greed: How the New Rules of Innovation Can Transform Businesses, Propel Nations to 
Greatness, and Tame the World's Most Wicked Problems by V'y'ay Vaitheeswaran, Publisher: Harper Business. 

Emerging Economies: The Geopolitics of the BRICS Nations Publisher: Stratfor. They make up nearly half the 
world's population and wield significant influence within their respective regions. Combined, their GDPs are not 
too far behind that of the United States. Understand the geopolitics of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South 
Africa. Website: 

China's Regulatory State: A New Strategy for Globalization by Roselyn Hsueh, Publisher: Cornell University Press. 

Living in the Endless City edited by Ricky Burdett and Deyan Sudjic, Publisher: Phaidon. The city is the subject of 
the 21st century. All over the world, populations are shifting towards urban centres. Living in the Endless City 
depicts an authoritative survey of cities of today and the prospects for our urban future of tomorrow. 36 
contributors from across Europe, South America, China, Africa and the U.S. set the agenda for the city - detailing 
its successes as well as its failures. Website: 

Consumptionomics: Asia's Role in Reshaping Capitalism by Chandran Nair, Publisher: Infinite Ideas. Website: 

World 3.0: Global Prosperity and How to Achieve Itby Pankaj Ghemawa, Publisher: Harvard Business School 
Press. Website: 

The China Miracle: Development Strategy and Economic Reform by Justin Yifu Lin, Publisher: The Chinese 
University Press. Website: 

The End of Cheap China: Economic and Cultural Trends that will Disrupt the World by Shaun Rein, Publisher: John 
Wiley and Sons. Website: 

Global Slump: The Economics and Politics of Crisis and Resistance by David McNally, Publisher: PM Press. Global 
Slump analyzes the global financial meltdown as the first systemic crisis of the neoliberal stage of capitalism. It 
argues that - far from having ended - the crisis has ushered in a whole period of worldwide economic and 
political turbulence. In developing an account of the crisis as rooted in fundamental features of capitalism, Global 
Slump challenges the view that its source lies in financial deregulation. Website: 
https://secure.pmpress.orq/index.php?l= product detail&p=271 

Creative Ecologies: Where Thinking is a Proper Job by John Howkins, Publisher: UQP. Website: 

Breakout Nations by Ruchir Sharma, Publisher: Penguin. Breakout Nations offers journeys through more than two 
dozen of the most interesting economies in the emerging world. Website: 

Light Manufacturing in Africa by Hinh T. Dinh et a I, Publisher: World Bank. This book examines how light 
manufacturing can offer a viable solution for sub-Saharan Africa's need for structural transformation and 
productive job creation, given its potential competitiveness based on low wage costs and an abundance of 
natural resources that supply raw materials needed for industries. Website: 

Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity and Poverty by Daron Acemoglu and James A. Robinson, 
Publisher: Profile Books. Website: 

Arrival Cityby Doug Saunders, Publisher: Pantheon. A third of humanity is on the move. History's largest 
migration is creating new urban spaces that are this century's focal points of conflict and change — centres of 
febrile settlement that will reshape our cities and reconfigure our economies. Website: 

China: And the End of Poverty in Africa - Towards Mutual Benefit? by Penny Davis, Publisher: Diakonia and the 
European Network on Debt and Development. Website: New/Reports/Kinarapport A4.pdf 

Globalization and Competition: Why Some Emergent Countries Succeed white Others Fall Behind by Luiz Carlos 
Bresser Pereira, Publisher: Cambridge University Press. Website: 
www.networkideas.orq/book/ian2010/bkl2 GACL.htm 

State of the Field in Youth Enterprise, Employment, and Livelihoods Development Publisher: Making Cents 
International. This practical resource features learning from over 80 leading organizations that are working 
around the world to increase and improve economic opportunities for young people. Topics include youth 
enterprise development; workforce development; youth-inclusive financial services; working with adolescent girls 
and young women; and monitoring, evaluation and impact assessment. Website: 

Vitamin Green: The Definitive Guide to the World of Contemporary Sustainable Design: Features 100 Innovative 
Projects from Around the World by editors of Phaidon Press, Publisher: Phaidon Press. Website: 

Makers: The New Industrial Revolution By Chris Anderson, Publisher: Crown Business. Website: 

Papers and Reports 

African Economic Outlook 2012: Promoting Youth Employment Publisher: Various. With almost 200 million 
people aged between 15 and 24, Africa has the youngest population in the world. This number will double by 
2045. Many jobs have been created over the last decade, but the pace needs to accelerate significantly to match 
the demand of Africa's next generations. 


State of China's Cities: 2010/2011: Better City Better Life Publisher: UNHABITAT. 

Still our Common Interest: Commission for Africa Report 2010 Publisher: Commission for Africa 

World Economic Outlook Update: Restoring Confidence without Harming Recovery Publisher: IMF. 
Website: www.Lmf.orq/external/pubs/ft/weo/2010/update/02/Lndex.htm 

Empowering People and Transforming Society. The World Economic Forum's Technology Pioneers 2011 
Publisher: World Economic Forum. 

The Emerging Middle Class in Developing Countries Publisher: OECD. 

Website: (PDF - 2.09 mb) 

The Implications of China's Ascendancy for Africa by Hany Besada, Publisher: The Centre for International 
Governance Innovation. This paper examines the extent to which China's engagement with Africa has produced 
mutual benefits for both and whether Africa is reaping the necessary benefits required for poverty alleviation and 
economic development. 

Website: 40-web.pdf 

Global Economic Decoupling Alive and Well Emerging economies decouple from the US, come closer to Europe. 

777e Global Financial Crisis and Africa's "Immiserizing Wealth" , Research Brief, United Nations University, Number 
1 2010. 

Website: ResearchBrief 10-01. pdf 

Africa begins to make poverty history: US economists challenge conventional view that the continent is a basket 


New Magazine 

African Innovator Magazine has launched: AIM showcases innovative technology solutions to business 
challenges on the continent. 


On the Web 

Bloqs and Websites 

African Robotics Network: The African Robotics Network (AFRON) is a community of institutions, organizations 
and individuals engaged in robotics in Africa. AFRON seeks to promote communication and collaborations that 

will enhance robotics-related education, research and industry on the continent. To achieve this, AFRON 
organizes projects, meetings and events in Africa at robotics and automation conferences abroad. 


Polls: A collaborative blog about cities around the globe. 


mDlrectory: The mDirectory is the most comprehensive database of information on mobile tech for social 
change on the Web: case studies, mobile tools, research, and how-to guides. 


Global Development: Launched in September 2010, this website from the Guardian newspaper tracks progress 
on the MDGs, encourages debate on its blogs, offers a rich store of datasets from around the world, and features 
monthly podcasts and resources for schools. 


Latameconomy Website: is the latest evolution of the annual Latin American Economic 
Outlook report, essentially bringing its trusted, high quality content into the digital age. Its wide country 
coverage and methods of analysis are essential for anyone seeking to understand the economic, social and 
political developments of Latin American countries. 


International Development Economics Associates (IDEAs): International Development Economics Associates 
(IDEAs) is a pluralist network of progressive economists across the world, engaged in research, teaching and 
dissemination of critical analyses of economic policy and development. 


OECD: Tackling the economic crisis webslte:The global economic crisis is entering a new phase amid signs of a 
return to positive growth in many countries. But unemployment is likely to remain high and much still needs to 
be done to underpin a durable recovery. This website will track the recovery. 

Website:,3343,en 2649 201185 41707672 111 l.OO.html 

The Global Urbanlst: News and analysis of cities around the world: planning, governance, economy, 
communities, environment and international. 


ICT Update: A bimonthly printed bulletin, a web magazine, and an accompanying email newsletter that explores 
innovative uses of information technology in agriculture and rural development in African, Caribbean and Pacific 
(ACP) countries. 


Youth-Inclusive Financial Services (YFS-Llnk) Program: The first space for financial services providers (FSPs) 
and youth-service organizations (YSOs) to gather, learn and share about youth-inclusive financial services. 

Website: yfsli.nk.orq 

Triple Crisis Blog: Global Perspectives on Finance, Development and Environment 

Full Disclosure: The Aid Transparency Blog: A Devex blog, written by members of the international community. 
Website: ll-disclosure 

Africa Portal: An online knowledge resource offering researchers and opinion leaders a forum to share their 
insights on Africa and publish their work on pressing areas of concern to policymakers and the public. It aims to 
fill the gap in accessibility to research and information on policy issues on the continent. 


African Economic Outlook: A unique online tool that puts rigorous economic data, information and research on 
Africa at your fingertips. A few clicks gives access to comprehensive analyses of African economies, placed in 
their social and political contexts. This is the only place where African countries are examined through a common 
analytical framework, allowing you to compare economic prospects at the regional, sub-regional and country 

Website: africaneconomicoutlook.orq/en 

Africa Renewal: The Africa Renewal information programme, produced by the Africa Section of the United 
Nations Department of Public Information, provides up-to-date information and analysis of the major economic 
and development challenges facing Africa today. 

Website: www.un.orq/ecosocdev/qeninfo/afrec/ 

Timbuktu Chronicles: A blog by Emeka Okafor: "a view of Africa and Africans with a focus on entrepreneurship, 
innovation, technology, practical remedies and other self-sustaining activities." 


AfriGadget: AfriGadget is a must-read for African invention junkies. They are always on the look out for 
ingenious innovation that is new or a repurposing of existing technology in a new way, interesting in the sense 
that the story captures the imagination of others, inspiring others to see solutions in uncommon ways, practical 
ideas that solve problems in a demonstrable way, and entrepreneurs who are inventing new products or 

Interesting BLoqqer 

Emeka Okafor, Timbuktu Chronicles: Emeka Okafor is an entrepreneur and venture catalyst who lives in New 
York City. He is the curator of Maker Faire Africa. He was the director for TED Global 2007 that took place in 
Arusha, Tanzania. In addition he is a member of the TED fellowship team. His interests include sustainable 
technologies in the developing world and paradigm-breaking technologies in general. His blog, Timbuktu 
Chronicles, seeks to spur dialogue in areas of entrepreneurship, technology and the scientific method as it 
impacts Africa. 


Notable Website 

African Brains: The Home of Intelligent Networking: African Brains - for forward thinking, intelligent Africans to 
network and propose new ideas and technologies to the world. 


Arab Brains: The Home of Intelligent Networking: Arab Brains has been established to connect innovative Arabs 
across the Arab World and beyond. 


Social Media 

Africa Entrepreneurship Platform: This ground breaking initiative is created as a forum to showcase innovative 
ideas and businesses from Africa that have the ability to scale internationally, driving job creation and sustainable 
economic development between Africa and the Americas. 


AfriGadget on Facebook: 'Solving everyday problems with African ingenuity': 
Website: =2402629579 

Start-up Funding 

Hubs!: They are sprouting up all over the place and now there is a map showing where they are in Africa. 
Website: https://africahubs.crowdmap.eom/# 
And there are 18 in Latin America too. 


The SEED Initiative 

Hosted by the UN Environment Programme's World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), the SEED 
Initiative is a global partnership for action on the Green Economy. The annual SEED Awards help to develop the 
most promising social and environmental start-ups in emerging economies and developing countries. 

Website: http://unep.orq/newscentre/Default.aspx?DocumentlD=2647&ArticlelD=8798&l=en 

The Pioneers of Prosperity Grant and Award 

This competition is a partnership between the OTF Group and the John F. Templeton Foundation of the United 
States, and promotes companies in East Africa by identifying local role models that act as examples of 
sustainable businesses in their country/region. It is open to businesses from Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi 
and Rwanda. 

Five pioneers will receive US $50,000 to re-invest in their business. It is open to for-profit businesses that provide 
high wages to their workers and that operate in sustainable ways. 


Oxford Said Business School Youth Business Development Competition 

Open to youth between 16 and 21 across the world, the competition is run by students at Oxford University to 
promote social enterprise. A prize fund of £2,000 in seed capital is up for grabs. It calls itself the 'world's first 
global youth development competition'. 



Rwanda Innovation Endowment Fund (RIEF): Rwanda Research Innovation Endowment Fund (RIEF) was 
established and is managed by the Government of Rwanda, through the Ministry of Education (MINEDUC) in 
partnership with UNECA (SRO-EA & ISTD) under One UN Rwanda. The objective of this Fund is to stimulate 
economic transformation through R&D in innovative market-oriented products and processes in priority areas of 
the economy, thereby increasing prosperity and the competitiveness of the Rwandan economy. The orientation 
can be either for economic growth, social development or combination of the two. 


The Innovation Prize for Africa (IPA): The United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) and 
the African Innovation Foundation (AIF) are delighted to announce the call for applications for the 
2013 Innovation Prize for Africa (IPA). Too often, innovators and entrepreneurs are not highly profiled on the 
African development agenda. It is IPA's mission to elevate attention around innovative work and help support the 
vision of entrepreneurs. The prize honours and encourages innovative achievements that contribute towards the 
development of new products, increased efficiency or cost savings in Africa. The prize also promotes the efforts 
of young African men and women pursuing science, technology and engineering careers as well as business 
opportunities that aim to contribute to sustainable development in Africa. 

Website: http://in nova tio n p rizef o 


Forum for the Future 

Compelling animated videos exploring the hard choices of an urbanizing world and the need to promote 
sustainable development and environmental harmony. 


Have an event you would like the South-South community to know about? Then send details to . 



2012 COMESA Summit 

Kampala, Uganda (16 November 2012) 

Global South-South Development Expo 2012 

Vienna, Austria (19-23 November 2012) 

Theme: Energy and Climate Change: Inclusive Partnerships for Development 

2012 is the International Year of Sustainable Energy for All, and developing countries also strive for inclusive 
partnerships for sustainable development in the field of Energy and Climate Change. Furthermore, the theme, 

which also pays tribute to UNIDO's strength in delivering environment and energy-related solutions, fully 
resonates with the main topics that were discussed throughout the year, including in Rio. The GSSD Expo will 
showcase successful initiatives from developing countries that address development challenges related to Energy 
and Climate Change issues. 



Have an event you would like the South-South community to know about? Then send details to . 



Source Africa - The African Textile, Apparel and Footwear Trade Event 

Cape Town, South Africa (9-12 April 2013) 

Source Africa shows off the quality, creativity, reliability, and sophistication of apparel manufacturing in Africa 
targeting a global audience of buyers, business leaders and service providers. SOURCE Africa will bring together 
business leaders and decision makers from across Africa, providing opportunities for international buyers to 
network with African manufacturers. By bringing Africa to the world of Sourcing, SOURCE Africa provides 
unparalleled resources and opportunities to buyers ... all under one roof. 



7 th ECOWAS Trade Fair 

Accra, Ghana (24 October to 4 November 2013) 

The regional fair, which is now a biennial event, was instituted to boost intra-community trade which presently 
hovers between 11 and 15 percent, and thereby contributing to the improved implementation of the ECOWAS 
Trade Liberalisation Scheme (ETLS). It will also contribute to empowering local producers and stimulating the 
regional economy. 


Have an event you would like the South-South community to know about? Then send details to . 


The EU Contest for Young Scientists 

The European Union (EU) Contest for Young Scientists, an initiative of the European Commission, was set up to 
promote the ideals of co-operation and interchange between young scientists. 
Website: en.cfm?pq=history 

2013 Innovation Prize for Africa 

The second round of the Innovation Prize for Africa (IPA), which aims to reward innovation across Africa in key 
sectors of interest, has been launched. The Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) expect the prize to promote 
among young African men and women in the pursuit of science, technology and engineering careers and 
business applications. The aims are to: 

- Mobilize leaders from all sectors to fuel African innovation; 

- Promote innovation across Africa in key sectors of interest through the competition; 

- Promote science, technology and engineering as rewarding, exciting and noble career options among the 
youth in Africa by profiling success applicants; and 

- Encourage entrepreneurs, innovators, funding bodies and business deveiopment service providers to 
exchange ideas and expiore innovative business opportunities. 

World Summit Youth Award 

The internationai contest for young people using the Internet and mobiies to take action on the UN Millennium 
Development Goals. 

Grand Challenges Canada: Request for Proposals 

Grand Challenges Canada is pleased to announce a new initiative in its Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health 
grand challenge. It's called Saving Brains. Its goal is to unlock potential in children and dramatically transform 
lives in the developing world. The money to fund this program comes from the Development Innovation Fund. In 
Budget 2008, the Government of Canada committed $225 million CAD over five years to the Development 
Innovation Fund, to support the best minds in the world in a collaborative search for solutions to global health 
challenges. For the Request for Proposals: 

Website: for Proposals- 
Saving Brains EN.pdf 

Zayad Future Energy Prize 

The world is in desperate need of innovative solutions to create a new, sustainable energy future. No one knows 
who or where the next great energy solution will come from. Solutions and technologies that could change the 
world are being developed globally, and the $2.2 million Zayed Future Energy Prize, managed by Masdar in Abu 
Dhabi, recognizes and rewards innovation, leadership, and long-term vision in renewable energy and 

Philips Liveable Cities Award 

Philips is looking for individuals and community or non-government organizations and businesses with ideas for 
"simple solutions" that will improve people's health and well-being in a city to enter the Philips Liveable Cities 
Award. To help translate these ideas into reality, three Award grants totalling €125,000 are on the line. One 
overall winning idea from any of the three categories outlined below will receive a grant of €75,000, while the 
two additional ideas will receive grants of €25,000. 

Piramal Foundation in India 

Has established a US $25,000 prize for ideas that help advance full access to effective public health care in India. 
The Piramal Prize is a $25,000 Social Entrepreneurship Competition focused on democratizing health care in India 
that seeks to encourage and support bold entrepreneurial ideas which can profoundly impact access to higher 
standards of health for India's rural and marginalized urban communities. The award recognizes high-impact, 
scalable business models and innovative solutions that directly or indirectly address India's health-care crisis. 

Special Award for South-South Transfer 

The aim of the award is to identify, provide visibility, and honour those who have successfully shared their 
projects and approaches internationally, thereby increasing the impact of the initiative. The winning practice 
receives US $15,000 to further transfer the awarded practice to other communities in developing countries. 

South-South Experience Exchange Facility 

Supported by Mexico, China, India, Denmark, Spain, The Netherlands, and the U.K. and now Colombia, the South- 
South Experience Exchange Facility is a multi-donor trust fund that promotes the idea that developing countries 
can learn from the successes of other developing countries in overcoming similar challenges. In the past 12 
months, the trust has given out 35 grants to countries for learning activities ranging from working with at risk 
youth in the Caribbean to outsourcing IT services in Africa. 

African Writers Fund 

Together with the Ford Foundation, the Fund supports the work of independent creative writers living on the 
continent. The Fund recognizes the vital role that poets and novelists play in Africa by anticipating and reflecting 
the cultural, economic and political forces that continuously shape and reshape societies. 
Website: content&task=view&id=91&ltemid=90&lang=fr 

Joint NAM S&T Centre - ICCS Fellowship Programme 

Centre for Science and Technology of the Non-Aligned and Other Developing Countries (NAM S&T Centre) and 
International Center for Chemical Sciences (ICCS), (H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry and Dr. Panjwani Centre 
for Molecular Medicine and Drug Research), University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan 
Click here for more information 

or contact:,, 
PhD Plant Breeding Scholarships at the University of Ghana 

The University of Ghana ( has been awarded a project support grant by the Alliance for a Green 
Revolution ( in Africa (a joint venture between the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and 

the Rockefeller Foundation, for the establishment of a West African Centre for Crop Improvement (WACCI). This 
is available to scientists working at NARIs, universities and international centres in West Africa. Women scientists 
are especially encouraged to apply for a fellowship under this programme. 

Genesis: India's Premier Social Entrepreneurship Competition 

Is a social entrepreneurship competition aiming to bring together social entrepreneurs, students, NGOs, 
innovators, incubators, corporations and financiers and encourage them to come up with innovative ideas which 
are socially relevant and feasible. 


Weitzenegger's International Development Job Market 

Global Knowledge Initiative 

The Global Knowledge Initiative seeks to build global knowledge partnerships between individuals and 
institutions of higher education and research. It seeks to help partners access the global knowledge, technology, 
and human resources needed to sustain growth and achieve prosperity for all." 

ExportHelp - Promoting and supporting access to the European market 

The European Commission runs a database for the explicit support of market players in developing countries who 
want to bring their products to the EU market. The database gives an overview on the EU's preferential trade 
regimes established for developing countries as well as lists all tariffs, taxes and other requirements for goods 
imported into the EU. 

Development Executive Group Devex Networking Website 

Over 90,000 global experts can network and connect and learn about more than 47,000 registered projects. 

Website Offers Career Advice to Young Africans 

Set up by the Commonwealth Secretariat, is aimed at providing career guidance to 
African youth and helping them to link with prospective employers. AfricaRecruit is a human resources 
organization that provides skills training for African professionals in the Diaspora and on the continent. The 
website has an inbuilt email subscriber list for all its users and offers a searchable database of career profiles for 
job seekers and prospective employers. It also offers skills and interest assessments and advice on CV and resume 
preparation. It provides tips about interviewing techniques, as well as information on internship and volunteer 
opportunities, and entrepreneurial skills. 

African Diaspora Skills Database 

This database was compiled to provide an overview of qualified African Diaspora professionals with varied areas 
of expertise and experience. The African Diaspora contributes substantially to the social, economic and political 
development of Africa, and this database is set up to further mobilize this considerable potential. 

Aid Workers Network (AWN) 

Aid Workers Network (AWN) is an online platform for aid, relief and development workers to ask and answer 
questions of each other, and to exchange resources and information. AWN is registered in the United Kingdom as 
a charity. You will find discussions about a range of questions and issues on the AWN forum from aid, relief and 
development workers all over the world and representing a variety of fields, with new threads or responses 
posted daily. The forum is a great way to get in contact with 

other aid and development workers in your geographic area or working in a similar area of work. 


Bizzlounge is where people committed to ethical behaviour meet, who want to establish and maintain business 
contacts in an exclusive and relaxed environment. 

Business Action for Africa 

Business Action for Africa is a network of businesses and business organizations working collectively to accelerate 

growth and poverty reduction in Africa. 


Business Fights Poverty 

Business Fights Poverty is a professional network for all those passionate about fighting world poverty through 

the power of good business. 


Business in Development Network (BiD) 

The BiD Network Foundation runs the BiD Challenge to contribute to sustainable economic development by 
stimulating entrepreneurship in developing countries. 


By Development Exchange, it offers news, publications and networking opportunities with the world's 
development community. 

Catalogue of Poverty Networks 

UNDP is organizing an online catalogue of Poverty Networks as a means to facilitate access to knowledge and 
sharing this to a wider audience in 189 countries. Poverty Networks are web-based platforms that provide space 
for sharing and disseminating development-related information and initiatives. Below you will find information 
on IPC's collaborating networks, which help foster dialogue between researchers, policymakers, civil society and 
multilateral organizations. 

Connections for Development (Cf D) 

CfD is a UK, Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) led, membership based organization committed to ensuring that UK 
BME communities, and the organizations they are involved in, are supported in the process of shaping and 
delivering policy and projects that affect their countries of origin or interest - collectively "our world". 

Development Crossing 

Development Crossing was set up in 2006 by a small group of friends with diverse backgrounds ranging from 
business consulting to international development. In a world where the environment, corporate responsibility, 
and sustainable development are becoming increasingly intertwined, our goal was to create a site where 
individuals that shared our passion could keep up-to-date with relevant happenings in the world and connect 
with like-minded individuals. The idea behind Development Crossing is to provide a social network that brings 
together people from a variety of sectors, countries and professions to discuss corporate social responsibility and 
sustainable development. 

The one-stop-information-shop for the developmental sector, is a membership organization 
that brings together information for developmental professionals, NGOs, consultancy firms and donors. 
Website:, a free online service by the Development Gateway Foundation is devoted to knowledge-sharing and 
collaboration for people working to reduce poverty in the developing world. 

Diaspora African Forum 

This Forum exists "to invite and encourage the full participation of Africans in the Diaspora in the building of the 
African Union, in its capacity as an important part of the Continent". We will provide the vital linkage for Diaspora 
Africans to become involved in Africa's development as well as reap the fruits of African unity. 

Business Planet: a new data map on Entrepreneurship 

Business Planet, an interactive Google map, now includes data on new business creation around the world. 
Measures of entrepreneurial activity are based on the number of total and newly registered corporations. Click on 
colour markers to learn more about each country. 
Website: =8