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DEVELOPMENT CHALLENGES, 
SOUTH-SOUTH SOLUTIOM 

E-newsletter of the Special Unit for South-South Cooperation in UNDP 




U N 



July 2012 



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1) African Innovation Eco-system Taking Shape 

How to increase tine rate of innovation in Africa? And specifically, innovation 
that actually improves people's lives and reduces poverty? It is a hard question 
to answer, but some are putting in place the building blocks of a 21st century 
innovation culture by riding the information technology revolution as it rolls 
across Africa. 

The transformative story of mobile phones in Africa has captured the attention 
of the world. Technologies like mobile phone payment systems developed in 
Africa are now being rolled out around the globe. 

But there is more to come as undersea cables increase the communication 
links between African nations and the rest of the world. New undersea cables 
including TEAMs, Seacom and Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System (EASSy) 
(eassy.org) are vastly increasing the continent's Internet capacity and 
bandwidth 

(http://en.wikipedLa.org/wikL/Bandwidth_%28computing%29). 

These communications links will revolutionize the type and scale of innovation 
that can happen in Africa. 

As websites like AfriGadget (afrigadget.com) amply prove, there is already an 
entrenched do-it-yourself innovation culture hardwired into daily life on the 
continent. While impressively resourceful and able to make the most of often 
very little, this innovation culture is often confined to a narrow geographical 
area. And this is the difference the new information technologies will make: 
They will allow this energetic and resourceful innovators' culture to develop 
businesses and business models that can reach beyond narrow geographical 
parameters. 

New technologies will also accelerate the spread of new ideas and solutions. 

Across the continent, ways and means are being stitched together that enable 
people to transcend borders, old divisions and obstacles to connect with like- 
minded collaborators, seek out funding and take ideas from dreams to 
schemes and eventually to continent- and world-straddling levels. 

According to the Deloitte 2011 East Africa Private Equity Confidence Survey: 
Promising 2012, "Many investors see East Africa's strong growth potential as a 
driver of better investment performance than in South Africa: This is a huge 
shift in private equity attitudes toward Africa, which have been historically 
focused on South Africa. East African investment potential is seen as roughly 
on par with West Africa, where similar growth dynamics are at play." 

Identifying the elements that are making this innovation culture flourish came 
under analysis in a recent post on the Afrinnovator website (afrinnovator.com). 
Afrinnovator is dedicated to "telling the stories of African startups, African 
innovation, African made technology, African tech entrepreneurship and 
entrepreneurs." 

While it is well known that new infrastructure, better governance, new policies, 
and new services like mobile phones and mobile money have made a big 
difference in shifting perceptions of Africa from despair to optimism, 
Afrinnovator found there were other key ingredients to this innovation 
renaissance. 



In this issue: 

African innovation Eco-system Taking 
Shape 

African Fuel Pioneer Uses Crisis to 
Innovate 

Indian Entrepreneur Brings Dignity to 
Poor Women 

Turning Human Waste to Fertilizer: An 
African Solution 

East Africa to get its First Dedicated 
Technology City 

Featured links: 

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Eguator Initiative 
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SSC Website 
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Afrinnovator argues there are four elements that have come together to change circumstances for innovators on 
the continent: education, mentoring and incubators, funding, and showcase events. 

Afrinnovator found education was critical to the quality of emerging technological innovations. Information and 
communication technology (ICT) education has moved from just computer science courses to a vast array of 
options, from bachelors degrees to masters programmes. 

For mentoring and incubators, Afrinnovator found hubs and incubators are providing places for young educated 
people to go and get down to work. Examples include iHub (http://ihub.co.ke/pages/home.php), mLab East Africa 
(http://mlab.co.ke/pages/home.php), ccHub (Co-Creation Hub Nigeria) (http://cchubnLgeria.com/about-cchub/), 
Lusaka, Zambia's Bongohive (bongohive.com), ILab Africa (http://ilabafrica.ac.ke/) NaiLab (http://nailab.co.ke/) 
IBid Labs (http://ibidlabs.com/) and Uganda's HiveColab (http://hivecolab.org/), among others. These places offer 
like-minded fellowship and access to mentors to take them on the journey from "idea to viable profitable 
business." 

According to Business Daily Africa, "There are more than 3,000 software developers who have come up with both 
mobile and personal computer-based software applications that are changing lives across the continent." 

A transformation in funding access has seen a renaissance in new thinking that is transforming tech start-ups into 
viable businesses. Kenya has the Kenya ICT Board (http://www.ict.go.ke/) and it awards US $50,000 through its 
Tandaa grant programme (https://sites.google.eom/a/Lct.go.ke/tandaa/). Because of this enthusiastic local 
support, the World Bank is now committing a US $55 million grant targeting Kenya's technology innovators to be 
distributed through the Kenya ICT Board. 

East Africa also saw 16 new investor funds launch in 2011 alone. They include early-stage investor funds like 
eVentures Fund Africa (eVA) (http://www.eva-fund.com/), which calls itself "the first venture capital firm investing 
in African SME's active in digital media." Another is Kenya-based 88mph (http://www.humanipo.com/88mph), 
with its "focus on startups targeting the East African mobile and web market." 

In Kenya, the World Bank money will be used to help technology developers bring to market simple solutions in 
health and education. 

According to the World Bank (http://tinyurl.com/cm3g2rf), "Kenya has put in place the second-fastest broadband 
on the continent (after Ghana), which has reduced the wholesale internet capacity prices by over 90% and 
increased internet penetration from 3% to 37% of the population in the past decade. Today, about 90% of 
Kenyan adults have or have the use of a mobile phone." 

And the final game-changer, according to Afrinnovator, is "showcase events." These events give investors and 
potential partners the opportunity to meet start-ups and explore their new ideas. 

Examples include DEMO (http://www.demo.com/ehome/index.php7eventid =29414&) - which connects the idea 
people with the money people - and Pivot East in East Africa (http://pivoteast.com/). Pivot East provides 25 
technology entrepreneurs with the opportunity to make a pitch in front of investors. DEMO is working with 
USAID, Microsoft, Nokia and others to launch DEMO Africa in Nairobi, Kenya from 21 to 22 October 2012. 

Afrinnovator concludes: "This is the last virgin tech landscape left on the planet. The best time to become a player 
in the African technology innovation ecosystem is now." 

LINKS: 

1) Read more about Africa's evolving innovation system. Website: 
http://afrinnovator.com/bloq/2012/06/13/the-innovation-ecosystem-in-east-africa/ 

2) Southern Innovator: Youth and Entrepreneurship Issue. Website: 
http://www.scribd.com/doc/86451057/Southern-lnnovator-Maqazine-lssue-2 

3) Southern Innovator: Mobile Phones and Information Technology Issue. Website: 
http://www.scribd.com/doc/57980406/Southern-lnnovator-Maqazine-lssue-l 

4) Notes from 'Understanding Broadband Demand in Africa: Internet Going Mobile'. Website: 

http://www.oafrica.com/mobile/notes-from-understandinq-broadband-demand-in-africa-internet- 
qoinq-mobile/ 

5) Deloitte Private Equity Survey 2012. Website: deloitte.com 



2) African Fuel Pioneer Uses Crisis to Innovate 



Crisis, as the oid saying goes, is aiso a window of opportunity. And there is one African entrepreneur who knows 
this better than most. Daniel Mugenga has been on a journey of innovation that has led him to become a pioneer 
in the emerging new field of algae technologies. The story of how he got there is a testament to the power of 
using business to both solve problems and make profits. 

Kenyan entrepreneur Daniel Mugenga has found a solution to the problem of high fuel costs for the transport 
sector in his country. He has been making money from turning waste cooking oil and inedible vegetable oil into 
biodiesel (http://en.wikipedia.org/wikL/Biodiesel). He then discovered that he could boost his production of 
biodiesel by using marine algae as a source for oil. 

According to the body that represents the algae fuel industry, Oilgae (oilgae.com), algae are "plant-like 
organisms that are usually photosynthetic and aquatic, but do not have true roots, stems, leaves, vascular tissue 
and have simple reproductive structures. They are distributed worldwide in the sea, in freshwater and in 
wastewater. Most are microscopic, but some are quite large, e.g. some marine seaweeds that can exceed 50 m in 
length." 

The U.S. Department of Energy has been investigating algae as a fuel source since 1978, and it is being 
investigated as a potentially transformative fuel source around the world. 

His business. Pure Fuels Ltd. (http://www.purefuels.co.ke/), is currently seeking venture capital funding for 
expansion and innovation. Pure Fuels is "a commercial producer of biodiesel and also manufactures biodiesel 
processors, which we sell to budding entrepreneurs," says Mugenga. 

The Pure Fuels website educates readers on biodiesel as well as offering opportunities for investors and news 
updates. Pure Fuels was registered as a business in Kenya in 2010. 

The business was born out of crisis: in 2008 there were frequent fuel shortages in Kenya and prices were volatile. 
That was bad news for Daniel Mugenga's job, working for a transport company with a fleet of trucks. Rising or 
volatile fuel prices can destroy businesses in areas like trucking, where the biggest expense is fuel. 

Mugenga began to do research into fuel alternatives in the crisis and came upon biodiesel. He then set about 
training in how to produce biodiesel. A period of testing, trials and research ensued between 2008 and 2010, 
which enabled Pure Fuels to build confidence they had something that was high quality. The company started 
producing 120,000 litres of biodiesel in 2010 and increased production to 360,000 litres in 2011 and 700,000 so 
far in 2012. In 2011, Pure Fuels had revenue of US $230,000 from selling biodiesel. 

"We started off using jatropha oil, but when its price went up it was no longer profitable," Mugenga told the 
VC4Africa website blog. "Having invested in the machinery, we switched to the next quickest alternative which is 
used cooking oil. We source it from several of the tourist hotels along the Kenyan coast." 

Turning to cooking oil for biodiesel at first was a good idea. The company was able to get enough waste cooking 
oil from Kenya hotels and tourist resorts to meet demand. But as demand rose, the thorny problem of Kenya's 
tourism business being seasonal arose. 

"For about five months of the year, many hotels in Mombasa temporarily shut down or operate at lower capacity. 
Of course this is affecting the amount of waste cooking oil," Mugenga said. 

This is where algae (http://en.wikipedLa.org/wiki/Algae) comes in. 

Pure Fuels found a biotechnologist in Kenya to help develop a solution using algae as a source for fuel. While the 
company is keeping details of its innovation secret, it is currently hunting for investors to help increase the 
quantity of biodiesel it can make - and in turn, revenues. 

Investor funds would be used to import non-edible vegetable oil and also to continue the company's work on 
extracting oil from marine algae. 

Pure Fuels make a bold statement on algae fuel development: it "may actually be Kenya's next cash crop." 

Pure Fuels sells several products: there is the biodiesel itself, as well as a processing machine called the GXP-200, 
which can turn customers into biodiesel manufacturers themselves. The company also builds large, industrial- 
scale processors that can produce between 1,000 litres and 5,000 litres a day. 

Pure Fuels currently sells fuel to truck, bus and tuk-tuk companies, and also operates biofuel stations. 



The firm has patented its biodiesel and makes all its fuei go through seven quality checks for purity. An in-house 
laboratory ensures adherence to international standards, and the company is certified by the Kenya Bureau of 
Standards (http://www.kebs.org/). 

Mugenga is a passionate advocate of biodiesel's advantages: he believes it is cheaper, and better for engines and 
for the environment. He admits it does have a disadvantage: it gels below 13 degrees Celsius and must be mixed 
50-50 with conventional diesel to stay fluid. 

Pure Fuels encourages others to use biofuels for business, throwing in a home training kit with the biodiesel 
processors it manufactures and sells, complete with DVDs, manuals and a business plan. 

The GXP-200 biodiesel processor was developed after years of experience, and Pure Fuels hopes it will be bought 
by people who then set up businesses - especially youth, women and the disabled. As a further incentive. Pure 
Fuels promises to buy the biodiesel produced. The GXP-200 was recently awarded "Most Innovative Product 
2012" at a small and medium business entrepreneurs event in Nairobi. 

In Israel, there are a number of pioneers working on further developing algae as a biofuel source too. Isaac Berzin 
of Seambiotic (seambiotic.com) sees algae as a good source for biofuel because it does not compete with food 
crops like other biofuel sources (sugar, potatoes, corn etc.). Algae is among a group of so-called second- 
generation biofuels that includes jatropha, wood and castor plants. 

The disadvantage of plant-based fuel sources is they need arable land and water. This seriously holds back their 
ability to meet the world's demand for fuel since they would just take up too much land and water. Algae takes 
up less space and produces a higher yield per acre than conventional crops. 

Seambiotic makes marine microalgae using the C02 from electric power plant flue gas. It pioneered making large 
quantities of fuel algae in the United States, creating the first gallons of bio-diesel and bio-ethanol from marine 
microalgae. 

Seambiotic is also working on a US $10 million commercial microalgae farm in China, partnering with China 
Guodian {http://www.cgdc.com.cn/), one of the country's largest power companies. 

Another Israeli company in this field is UniVerve (http://www.unLverve-biofuel.com/). Its CEO, Ohad Zuckerman, 
runs thelO-person company in Tel Aviv, Israel. It is developing a new biofuel from a special strain of algae that 
can grow quickly in a wider range of temperatures. 

LINKS: 

1) A website with all the details on biodiesel and how to make it. Website: http://www.biodiesel.orq/ 

2) How to make your own biodiesel. Website: http://iourneytoforever.orq/biodLesel make.html 

3) Oilgae is the global information support resource for the algae fuels industry. Website: 
http://www.oilqae.com/ 

4) Algae as a superfood and cancer-fighter: Chlorella. Website: http://en.wikipedLa.orq/wiki/Chlorella 



3) Indian Entrepreneur Brings Dignity to Poor Women 

Driven by the revelation that his wife was torn between spending money on milk for the children and buying 
commercially manufactured sanitary napkins, Indian innovator and inventor Arunachalam Muruganantham 
embarked on a long and intensive journey to find a solution. His achievement - a simple machine - is bringing 
dignity to poor women and providing them with a much-needed income source. 

The innovation is both a technological and a business solution. Muruganantham has come up with a simple 
machine to manufacture affordable hygienic sanitary napkins for poor women. It works by turning the pulp of 
pine wood into the flat, white sanitary pads (http://en.wikipedLa.org/wiki/Sanitary_napkin) commonly used by 
women during their monthly menstruation. The machine's simplicity means it can be expanded easily to other 
communities and is designed to fit well with the way women's cooperatives work and help them earn an income. 

Muruganantham sees it is a business model that "can deliver livelihood, hygiene and dignity to poor women, and 
help them strengthen society," according to his website. 

The manufacturing process produces the sanitary napkins in just five steps. This simple intervention is 
revolutionizing women's health in India by giving them an alternative to using found and unhygienic rags every 
month when they menstruate. 



It took Muruganantham four years of research to create a patented machine that sells for between US $1,332 and 
US $5,330. It can make 120 sanitary pads an hour. Each one sells for 10 rupees (US 18 cents). By comparison, the 
multinational company Procter & Gamble sells Its product for 30 rupees (US 54 cents) a packet. 

Two multinationals dominate the marketplace for sanitary napkins In India: Procter & Gamble and Johnson & 
Johnson, with the Stayfree and Carefree brands. 

Muruganantham's machine was awarded the best Innovation national award by the former President of India, 
Prathlba Patll, In 2009. 

Like many Innovators and Inventors, his work at first was little understood by others and meant he had to plough 
a lonely furrow. 

But his persistence paid off and Is now receiving attention from countries across the global South. 

Apart from Its technological simplicity, the Idea Is to make It easy for women to form cooperatives and 
businesses to boost their Incomes. 

India has seen the concept of so-called Ladles Self Help Groups (SHGs) (http://en.wlklpedla.org/wlkl/Self- 
help_group_%28flnance%29) become more popular as a source of Income. One of the problems they encounter 
Is finding a successful business to undertake. The machine Invented by Muruganantham Is being seen as a good 
business model for the SHGs to follow. The key Is the simplicity of operating the machine, the growing and stable 
market for the product, and Its affordable and competitive price. 

Typical businesses that can be set up using the machine can employ 10 women. 

Muruganantham set up his main business, Jayaashree Industries (motto: 'new Inventions... small Is beautiful') 
(http://newlnventLons.ln/aboutus.aspx), after his education was disrupted due to family problems and he took up 
a job In a welding shop. 

At first, he had a difficult time convincing people of the utility of the machine. He enlisted his wife to help with 
the marketing of the new napkins to nearby women. He says the advantage of his business model Is that It turns 
the making of the napkins Into a sustainable, grassroots activity. It provides an essential commodity for poor 
women at an affordable price, removing middlemen and using a simple, non-chemical technology. 

It also cuts down on expensive transport costs by keeping manufacturing locaL 

Over 225 machines have been delivered to 14 Indian states and also to Nigeria, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Nepal 
and Bangladesh. 

And while Muruganantham Is focused on making the machine a success, he Is already looking forward to working 
on his next big Invention. The only question Is: what will It be? 

LINKS: 

1) Women's Health: A website packed with facts and advice from the UK's National Health Service. 
Website: http://www.nhs.uk/llvewell/womenl839/Pages/Womenl839home.aspx 



4) Turning Human Waste to Fertilizer: An African Solution 



While South Africa has been free of the racist Apartheid regime since the mid-1990s, the expected boost to living 
standards for the majority black population has not been as widespread and as quick as many had expected. 

One Important aspect of lifting living standards Is making sure the entire population has access to adequate 
sanitation and hygiene services. Another Is making sure they have access to adequate and healthy food sources. 
A bright Idea based on Intensive research Is meeting both goals In an Innovative way. 

According to the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (http://www.cslr.co.za/), some 11 million South 
Africans have received access to basic sanitation services since 1994 - but 13.3 million still lacked basic sanitation 
services by 2008. 

The Water Research Commission (WRC) (http://www.wrc.org.za/) believes there Is a crisis with South Africa's toilet 
pit latrines, which are quickly filling up past their original design capacity. 

WRC's solution Is to turn the human faeces or faecal sludge deposited In pit latrines Into fertilizer for farming and 
agriculture. The Water Research Commission Is advocating using the fertilizer either for fruit trees or for trees that 
will be turned to Income sources like paper and fuel. 

The WRC's project and series of experiments are called "What happens when pit latrines get full?" 

"Only one third of municipalities have a budget to maintain on-site sanitation," WRC researcher and scientist 
David Still told Inter Press Service (IPS). "If pits fill up, all the hard work that was done to address the sanitation 



backlog will be wasted. Why not use faecal sludge to address the growing problem of food insecurity by planting 
fruit trees? Or use the sludge to cultivate trees for fuel or paper production?" 

Human faecal sludge contains a variety of nutrients, such as nitrogen, phosphates and potassium. The WRC 
estimates the average person excretes enough human faecal sludge per year to fertilize 300 to 400 square metres 
of crops. 

The big reason people are reluctant to use human waste as fertilizer is because of the pathogens it contains. 
Spreading this on edible crops is dangerous and it is also a risk to groundwater when it leaches in to the soil. 

The WRC conducted research on two sites: Umlazi and Karkloof, both in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. They used 
property owned by the South African Paper and Pulp Industry (SAPPI) and the local municipality. 

The first step in the experiments was to bury the sludge in pits and plant crops on top of it. The pathogens were 
contained using this method and in time died off. 

The test trenches were 0.75 metres in depth and filled with different quantities of sludge. Two control sites did 
not use faecal sludge. The scientists found the sites where the human waste was used saw plant growth and 
volume increase by "as much as 80 per cent." 

They then tested for pathogens in the soil. This included looking for the eggs of the large roundworm 
(http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Roundworm/Pages/lntroduction.aspx), a parasite whose presence would be 
harmful to humans. The site was tested over a period of 30 months, but none could be found. 

Tests for microbes at the Umlazi site also found none. The plants were found to have healthy dark green leaves 
and the trees grew larger with the sludge present. 

Researchers also monitored the groundwater around the sites. They found in flat ground and sandy soil there was 
no impact. In the site with sloping and shallow soil, small increases in nitrate were observed in the groundwater 
after rainfall. 

They concluded the best place to apply this technique is in places that are flat and where the soil is deep. 

One local resident, Lindiwe Khoza, was selected to be part of the test. Citrus and peach trees were planted on top 
of the buried sludge. 

She told IPS: "The fruit grows much faster and it seems to be tastier and juicier than fruit bought at supermarkets. 
We now enjoy fruit from our own garden." 

WRC's clever solution to these twin problems could help make life much more pleasant in communities still 
grappling with poor hygiene services, while dramatically improving the health of crops and their yields. 



LINKS: 

1) World Bank guide to pit latrines. Website: http://water.worldbank.orq/shw-resource- 
quide/infrastructure/menu-technical-options/pit-latrines 

2) A video on how to construct a ventilated pit latrine. Website: 
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n4yfAyhiV74 

3) A Practical Guide for Building a Simple Pit Latrine: How to Build Your Latrine and Use It Hygienically, 
for the Dignity, Health, and Well Being of Your Family. Website: 

http://www.crsproqramquality.orq/publicatLons/2011/9/13/a-practLcal-quide-for-buildinq-a-simple-pLt- 
latrine-how-to-b.html 

4) The Control of Pathogens from Human Waste and their Aquatic Vectors by L. E. Obeng. Website: 
http://www.jstor.orq/discover/10.2307/4312882?uid=3738032&uid = 2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid = 
21100919752851 



5) East Africa to get its First Dedicated Technology City 

An ambitious scheme is underway to create a vast technology city on the outskirts of Nairobi, Kenya. 

With information technology proliferating across Africa after decades of stagnation and underinvestment, a host 
of exciting new technologies have had to exist within structures not built for the 21st century. 

One attempt to change things is Konza Technology City (konzacity.co.ke), an ambitious project that aims to build 
the infrastructure to host the companies of the 21st century for Kenya and East Africa. 



Konza Technology City joins a growing network of technology cities and parks across the global South. If the 
links between these centres of technological innovation and smart thinking can be strengthened, they have the 
potential to contribute to exceptional gains in human development. 

Konza Technology City will be built on 5,000 acres (2,023 hectares) of land 60 kilometres south of Kenya's capital, 
Nairobi. 

The lead agency on the US $10 billion project is the Ministry of Information and Communication 
(http://www.informatLon.go.ke/). The Kenyan government is seeking partners and investors to help with funding 
the project, whose components include a business process outsourcing (BPO) 

(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Business_process_outsourcing) zone - where specific business functions are 
contracted to third party providers. There is also a financial district and a commercial district with office space. 

This will be combined with the other side of Konza: hotels, hospitals, a sports stadium and other support services 
necessary to support a city. The idea is to develop the site over a period of 20 years, with the BPO and IT 
Educational and Science Park taking up 23 per cent of the site. 

Kenya plans to expand its business process outsourcing sector and has been hosting conferences in Europe to 
gather the best advice. The sector has experienced double-digit growth in the past three years, rising on the 
increasing capacity brought by new undersea cables like TEAMs, Seacom and EASSy. 

The idea is to put in place the building blocks of a 21st century Kenya and to become the leading hub for the 
whole of East Africa. Kenya has an ambitious plan to become a middle-income country by 2030 
(http://www.vision2030.go.ke/). 

There is scepticism about large projects in Kenya, with some fearing they will be abandoned before they are 
finished. But it does seem this project has galvanized a wide community of support. 

According to IT Web's (http://www.itweb.co.za/) Ken Macharia, opponents of the project make various arguments. 
People in the information and communication technologies sector would like to see greater local capacity in 
place before such massive investment in buildings goes ahead. Others oppose the idea of having a planned city 
and would like to see things evolve organically. Still others question the government's capacity to undertake such 
an ambitious scheme. 

According to Macharia, the 'if you build it, they will come' argument Is winning the day. The scope and ambition 
of the project has both excited many players within and outside government and focused their efforts. 

Macharia even believes the public sector is way ahead of the private sector. "The government is light years ahead 
in terms of the vision and drive of developing the ICT sector in the country, while the private sector is trying to 
catch up," he said. 

Kenya will become the first country in the region to build a technology city. It can look to China for some 
examples. One is Shenzhen City and its Science and Technology Park 

(http://www.ship.gov.cn/en/lndex.asp?bianhao=20). Or Cairo, Egypt's Smart Village (http://www.sma rt- 
villages.com/). 

Macharia also says the focus solely on technology is missing the bigger impact Konza can have. 

"The city's concept has financial, educational, commercial and industrial implications, which have not been sold 
as aggressively as the tech aspect has. Perhaps the better name for the proposed city would be Konza Special 
Economic Zone, where the key pillars mutually benefit from each other's presence. Technology, after all, is a 
means to an end, not the end itself." 

The timing for a place like Konza City is excellent: undersea cables are being placed around and to Africa. The 
continent was notorious for being the most underserved continent on the planet and is in a furious transition 
from this information technology wasteland to a potential oasis of prosperity. 

The undersea cable projects are promising a bandwidth explosion for the continent of Africa. The WACS cable 
(http://wacscable.com/indexjsp) is being put in place to link South Africa and Britain, and is due to be completed 
In 2012. It runs up the West Coast of Africa and will become the first direct connection to the undersea cable 
network for Namibia, the Congo and Togo. It will increase South Africa's bandwidth by an estimated 23 per cent. 

Various technology investors, including the search engine giant Google, are also planning to build an undersea 
cable linking the so-called BRICS countries by 2014 - Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. The cable will 
also link them all to the United States. The technology group 13 Africa is leading the project (http://www.i3- 
mea.com/africa/), which should open up 21 additional African countries to the world's undersea cable network. 

Konza Technology City could make Kenya a significant beneficiary of all this new connectivity and bandwidth. 
LINKS: 

1) Center for Innovation Testing and Evaluation: CITE will represent a 20th century American city with a 
population of approximately 35,000 people and be built on roughly 15 square miles. CITE's test city will 
be unpopulated. CITE will be a catalyst for the acceleration of research into applied, market-ready 



products by providing "end to end" testing and evaluation of emerging technologies and innovations 
from the world's public laboratories, universities and the private sector. Website: http://www.cite- 
city.com/index.php 



2) Dubai Internet City: Since its official opening in 2000, Dubai Internet City (DIC) has grown to become 
the Middle East and North Africa's largest Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Business 
Park, hosting both global and regional companies. Website: http://www.dubaiinternetcity.com/ 

3) Songdo International Business District (IBD) officially opened on August 7, 2009 as a designated Free 
Economic Zone and the first new sustainable city in the world designed to be an international business 
district. With its strategic location just 15 minutes driving time from Incheon International Airport and 3 

hours flying time to 1/3 of the world's population and regional markets such as China, Russia and 
Japan, Songdo IBD will position the Republic of Korea as the commercial epicenter of Northeast 
Asia. Website: http://www.sonqdo.com/ 

4) Nasrec Smart City: South Africa's own 'smart city' is in development. Website: 
http://www.businessday.co.za/articles/Content.aspx?id= 168466 



WINDOW ON THE WORLD 



Check out our website archive: southerninnovator.org 

Southern Innovator magazine's (ISSN 2222-9280) second issue is now online and print copies are available for 
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sponsor this issue or any future issues and we can send you more information on how it works 
(southerninnovator@yahoo.co.uk). Issues 3 (Agriculture and Food Security), 4 (Cities and Urbanization) and 5 
(Waste and Recycling) are in the works for 2012. Please contact the Special Unit for South-South Cooperation if 
you would like a copy (copies) of Southern Innovator (http://ssc.undp.org/content/ssc.html). 

The covers for Issues 2 and 3 are below: 



Southemlnnovator Southem'ni-'ov 




Follow us on Twitter @SouthSouthl 

Issue 1 of Southern Innovator was called "...a terrific tour de force of what is interesting, cutting edge and 
relevant in the global mobile/ICT space..." 

Also check out our South-South Expo: 2012's Expo will be in Vienna, Austria, 19-23 2012: 
www.southsouthexpo.orq 

Did you know? The Development Challenges, South-South Solutions e-newsletter reaches readers around the 
world every month. It has been published regularly since 2006. The new magazine. Southern Innovator, also has a 
global distribution. For example. Issue 2 is being distributed to schools throughout Africa. Don't pass on this 
opportunity to reach a global audience of readers, many of whom are on the cutting edge of innovation in the 
global South, or are about to become the next generation's innovators, pioneers and entrepreneurs. Email: 
developmentchallenqes@qooqlemail.com 



BOOKS 



The New Harvest: Agricultural Innovation In Africa by Calestous Juma, Publisher: Oxford University Press. 
Website: http://beLfercenter.ksq.harvard.edu/publication/20504/new harvest.html 



The Coming Prosperity by Philip Auerswald, Publisher: Oxford University Press. Website: htt p ://a u e rs wa Id .o rg / 



Need, Speed and Greed: How the New Rules of Innovation Can Transform Businesses, Propel Nations to 
Greatness, and Tame the World's Most Wicked Problems by Vijay Vaitheeswaran, Publisher: HarperBusiness. 
Website: www.amazon.com 



Concrete edited by William Hall, Publisher: Phaidon Press. Concrete takes a fresh look at the world's most 
versatile and abundant building material. Website: http://uk.phaidon.com/store/ 



Abundance: The Future Is Better Than You Think by Peter Diamandis and Steven Kotler, Publisher: Free Press. 
Since the dawn of humanity, a privileged few have lived in stark contrast to the hardscrabble majority. 
Conventional wisdom says this gap cannot be closed. But it is closing — fast. In Abundance, space entrepreneur 
turned innovation pioneer Peter H. Diamandis and award-winning science writer Steven Kotler document how 
progress in artificial intelligence, robotics, infinite computing, ubiquitous broadband networks, digital 
manufacturing, nanomaterials, synthetic biology, and many other exponentially growing technologies will enable 
us to make greater gains in the next two decades than we have in the previous two hundred years. Website: 
http://www.abundancethebook.com/ 



Indian Supersplces: A collection of lab-lnsplred recipes using spices In abundance to alleviate the 
symptoms of everyday Illnesses by Gurpareet Bains, Publisher: Gurpareet Bains. Website: www.amazon.com 



Vitamin Green: The Definitive Guide to the World of Contemporary Sustainable Design by Amara Holstein, 
Publisher: Phaidon Press. Website: http://uk.phaidon.com/store/ 



Emerging Economies: The Geopolitics of the BRICS Nations Publisher: Stratfor. They make up nearly half the 
world's population and wield significant influence within their respective regions. Combined, their GDPs are not 
too far behind that of the United States. Understand the geopolitics of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South 
Africa. Website: www.stratfor.com 



China's Regulatory State: A New Strategy for Globalization by Roselyn Hsueh, Publisher: Cornell University 
Press. Website: www.cornellpress.cornell.edu 



Living In the Endless City edited by Ricky Burdett and Deyan Sudjic, Publisher: Phaidon Press. The city is the 
subject of the 21st century. All over the world, populations are shifting towards urban centres. Living in the 
Endless (TZ/y depicts an authoritative survey of cities of today and the prospects for our urban future of tomorrow. 
36 contributors from across Europe, South America, China, Africa and the U.S. set the agenda for the city - 
detailing its successes as well as its failures. Website: http://www.urban-aqe.net/publLcations/livinq-in-the- 
endless-city/ 



Consumptlonomlcs: Asia's Role In Reshaping Capitalism by Chandran Nair, Publisher: Infinite Ideas. Website: 
www.amazon.com 



World 3.0: Global Prosperity and How to Achieve It by Pankaj Ghemawa, Publisher: Harvard Business School 
Press. Website: www.amazon.com 



The China Miracle: Development Strategy and Economic Reform by Justin Yifu Lin, Publisher: The Chinese 
University Press. Website: www.eurospanbookstore.com 



The End of Cheap China: Economic and Cultural Trends that will Disrupt the World by Shaun Rein, 
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons. Website: www.amazon.com 



Global Slump: The Economics and Politics of Crisis and Resistance by David McNally, Publisher: PM Press. 
Global Slump analyzes the global financial meltdown as the first systemic crisis of the neoliberal stage of 
capitalism. It argues that - far from having ended - the crisis has ushered in a whole period of worldwide 
economic and political turbulence. In developing an account of the crisis as rooted in fundamental features of 
capitalism. Global Slump dnaWenges the view that its source lies in financial deregulation. Website: 
https://secure.pmpress.orq/index.php?l= product detail&p=271 



Creative Ecologies: Where Thinking is a Proper Job by John Howkins, Publisher: UQP. Website: 
www.creativeeconomy.com/think.htm 



Breakout Nations by Ruchir Sharma, Publisher: Penguin. Breakout Nations oilers pumeys through more than 
two dozen of the most interesting economies in the emerging world. Website: http://breakoutnations.com/ 



Light Manufacturing in Africa by Hinh T. Dinh et al. Publisher: World Bank. This book examines how light 
manufacturing can offer a viable solution for sub-Saharan Africa's need for structural transformation and 
productive job creation, given its potential competitiveness based on low wage costs and an abundance of 
natural resources that supply raw materials needed for industries. Website: 
http://issuu.com/world.bank.publications/docs/9780821389614 



Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity and Poverty by Daron Acemoglu and James A. Robinson, 
Publisher: Profile Books. Website: www.amazon.com 



Arrival City by Doug Saunders, Publisher: Pantheon. A third of humanity is on the move. History's largest 
migration is creating new urban spaces that are this century's focal points of conflict and change — centres of 
febrile settlement that will reshape our cities and reconfigure our economies. Website: http://a rriva Icity. n et/ 



China: And the End of Poverty in Africa - Towards Mutual Benefit? by Penny Davis, Publisher: Diakonia and 
the European Network on Debt and Development. Website: 
www.eurodad.orq/uploadedFiles/Whats New/Reports/Kinarapport A4.pdf 



Globalization and Competition: Why Some Emergent Countries Succeed while Others Fall Behind by Luiz 
Carlos Bresser Pereira, Publisher: Cambridge University Press. Website: 
www.networkideas.orq/book/ian2010/bkl2 GACL.htm 



State of the Field in Youth Enterprise, Employment, and Livelihoods Development Publisher: Making Cents 
International. This practical resource features learning from over 80 leading organizations that are working 
around the world to increase and improve economic opportunities for young people. Topics include youth 
enterprise development; workforce development; youth-inclusive financial services; working with adolescent girls 
and young women; and monitoring, evaluation and impact assessment. Website: 
www.YouthEconomicOpportunities.orq/media.asp 



PAPERS AND REPORTS 



African Economic Outlook 2012: Promoting Youth Employment Publisher: Various. With almost 200 million 
people aged between 15 and 24, Africa has the youngest population in the world. This number will double by 
2045. Many jobs have been created over the last decade, but the pace needs to accelerate significantly to match 
the demand of Africa's next generations. Website: http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.orq/en/ 



State of China's Cities: 2010/2011: Better City, Better Life Publisher: UNHABITAT. Website: 
www.scribd.com/doc/39882697/State-of-China-s-Cities-Report-2010-2011 



Still our Common Interest: Commission for Africa Report 2010 Publisher: Commission for Africa Website: 
www.commissionforafrica.info/2010-report 



World Economic Outlook Update: Restoring Confidence without Harming Recovery Publisher: IMF. 
Website: www.imf.orq/external/pubs/ft/weo/2010/update/02/index.htm 



Empowering People and Transforming Society: The World Economic Forum's Technology Pioneers 2011 

Publisher: World Economic Forum. Website: www.scribd.com/doc/35953976/Technology-PLoneers-2011 



The Emerging Middle Class in Developing Countries Publisher: OECD. Website: 
www.oecdilibrary.orq/oecd/content/workinqpaper/5kmmp8lncrns-en (PDF - 2.09 mb) 



The Implications of China's Ascendancy for Africa by Many Besada, Publisher: The Centre for International 
Governance Innovation. This paper examines the extent to which China's engagement with Africa has produced 
mutual benefits for both and whether Africa is reaping the necessary benefits required for poverty alleviation and 
economic development. Website: http://www.ciqionline.com/sites/default/files/Paper 40-web.pdf 



Global Economic Decoupling Alive and Well Emerging economies decouple from the US, come closer to 
Europe. Website: http://www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article23670.html 



The Global Financial Crisis and Africa's "Immiserizing Wealth" Research Brief, United Nations University, 
Number 1 2010. Website: www.unu.edu/publications/brLefs/policy-briefs/2010/UNU ResearchBrief 10-01. pdf 



Africa begins to make poverty history: US economists challenge conventional view that the continent is a 
basket case Website: www.quardian.co.uk/business/2010/mar/03/africa-makes-povery-history 



ON THE WEB 



Bloqs and Websites 



Polls: A collaborative blog about cities around the globe. Website: http://www.thepolisbloq.orq/2012/03/coca- 
cola-ln-afrlca.html 



mDlrectory: The mDirectory is the most comprehensive database of information on mobile tech for social 
change on the Web: case studies, mobile tools, research, and how-to guides. Website: 
http://mobileactive.orq/directory 



Global Development: Launched in September 2010, this website from the Guardian newspaper tracks progress 
on the MDGs, encourages debate on its blogs, offers a rich store of datasets from around the world, and features 
monthly podcasts and resources for schools. Website: www.quardian.co.uk/global-development 



Latameconomy Website Launches: Latameconomy.org is the latest evolution of the annual Latin American 
Economic Outlook report, essentially bringing its trusted, high quality content into the digital age. Its wide 
country coverage and methods of analysis are essential for anyone seeking to understand the economic, social 
and political developments of Latin American countries. Website: www.latameconomy.orq/en/ 



International Development Economics Associates (IDEAs): International Development Economics Associates 
(IDEAs) is a pluralist network of progressive economists across the world, engaged in research, teaching and 
dissemination of critical analyses of economic policy and development. Website: www.networkideas.orq/ 



OECD, Tackling the economic crisis: The global economic crisis is entering a new phase amid signs of a return 
to positive growth in many countries. But unemployment is likely to remain high and much still needs to be done 
to underpin a durable recovery. This website will track the recovery. 

Website: http://www.oecd.orq/document/24/0,3343,en 2649 201185 41707672 111 l.OO.html 

The Global Urbanlst: News and analysis of cities around the world: planning, governance, economy, 
communities, environment, internationaL Website: qlobalurbanist.com 



ICT Update: A bimonthly printed bulletin, a web magazine, and an accompanying email newsletter that explores 
innovative uses of information technology in agriculture and rural development in African, Caribbean and Pacific 
(ACP) countries. Website: http://ictupdate.cta.int/en/Requlars/Perspectives/%28issue%29/56 



Youth-Inclusive Financial Services (YFS-Llnk) Program website: The first space for financial services providers 
(FSPs) and youth-service organizations (YSOs) to gather, learn and share about youth-inclusive financial services. 
Website: yfslink.orq 



Triple Crisis Blog: Global Perspectives on Finance, Development and Environment: Website: 
http://triplecrisLS.com/ 



Full Disclosure: The Aid Transparency Blog: A Devex blog, written by members of the international community. 
Website: www.devex.com/en/bloqs/full-disclosure 



Africa Portal: An online knowledge resource offering researchers and opinion leaders a forum to share their 
Insights on Africa and publish their work on pressing areas of concern to policymakers and the public. It alms to 
fill the gap In accessibility to research and Information on policy Issues on the continent. Website: 
afrlcaportal.orq 



African Economic Outlook: A unique online tool that puts rigorous economic data, Information and research on 
Africa at your fingertips. A few clicks gives access to comprehensive analyses of African economies, placed In 
their social and political contexts. This Is the only place where African countries are examined through a common 
analytical framework, allowing you to compare economic prospects at the regional, sub-regional and country 
levels. Website: afrlcaneconomlcoutlook.orq/en 

Africa Renewal: The Africa Renewal Information programme, produced by the Africa Section of the United 
Nations Department of Public Information, provides up-to-date Information and analysis of the major economic 
and development challenges facing Africa today. Website: vwvw.un.orq/ecosocdev/qenlnfo/afrec/ 



Timbuktu Chronicles: A blog by Emeka Okafor With "a view of Africa and Africans with a focus on 
entrepreneurshlp, innovation, technology, practical remedies and other self-sustaining activities." Website: 
http://tlmbuktuchronlcles.bloqspot.com/ 



AfriGadget: AfrlGadget Is a must-read for African Invention junkies. They are always on the look out for 
Ingenious Innovation that Is new or a repurposlng of existing technology In a new way. Interesting In the sense 
that the story captures the Imagination of others. Inspiring others to see solutions In uncommon ways, practical 
Ideas that solve problems In a demonstrable way, and entrepreneurs who are Inventing new products or 
solutions. Website: afrlqadqet.com 



Interesting Blogger 

White African: About high-tech mobile and web technology change In Africa. Website: http://whlteafrlcan.com/ 



Social Media 

Africa Entrepreneurshlp Platform 

This ground breaking Initiative Is created as a forum to showcase Innovative Ideas and businesses from Africa 
that have the ability to scale Internationally, driving job creation and sustainable economic development between 
Africa and the Americas. Website: www.sacca.blz 



AfriGadget on Facebook: 'Solving everyday problems with African Ingenuity': Website: 
www.facebook.com/group.php7gLd =2402629579 



Start-up Funding 
The SEED Initiative 

Hosted by the UN Environment Programme's World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), the SEED 
Initiative Is a global partnership for action on the Green Economy. The annual SEED Awards help to develop the 
most promising social and environmental start-ups In emerging economies and developing countries. 
Website: http://unep.org/newscentre/Default.aspx?DocumentlD=2647&ArtlclelD=8798&l=en 



The Pioneers of Prosperity Grant and Award 

This competition Is a partnership between the OTP Group and the John F. Templeton Foundation of the United 
States, and promotes companies In East Africa by Identifying local role models that act as examples of 
sustainable businesses In their country/region. It Is open to businesses from Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi 
and Rwanda. Five pioneers will receive US $50,000 to re-Invest In their business. It Is open to for-profit businesses 
that provide high wages to their workers and that operate In sustainable ways. Website: 
http://ploneersofprosperLty.orq/lndex.php 



Oxford Said Business School Youth Business Development Competition 

Open to youth between 16 and 21 across the world, the competition is run by students at Oxford University to 
promote social enterprise. A prize fund of £2,000 in seed capital is up for grabs. It calls itself the 'world's first 
global youth development competition'. Website: www.sbs.ox.ac.uk/oba/se/ybd 



Challenge 

InnoCentive ( www.innocentive.com/ ) is a challenge to the world's inventors to find solutions to real scientific and 
technological problems affecting the poor and vulnerable. It is an open marketplace where anybody with a 
problem can post it, and rewards for effective solutions stretch up to US $100,000. They use rigorous intellectual 
property protection so ideas are not stolen without credit being given to the inventor. Website: 
www.rockfound.orq/about us/news/2007/0720first seeker.shtml 

Video 

Forum for the Future: Compelling animated videos exploring the hard choices of an urbanizing world and the 
need to promote sustainable development and environmental harmony. Website: 
http://www.youtube.com/user/forumforthefuture96 



UPCOMING EVENTS ^^H^^V 

Have an event you would like the South-South community to know about? Then send details to 
developmentchallenges(S)goog[emaL[.com . 

2012 



August 



Experience Management Africa Summit 

Cape Town, South Africa (2-3 August 2012) 

CEM Africa seeks to re-educate delegates on industry trends and developments, including the latest technologies which supply 
end-user specific software, solutions and best practices to help you effectively manage risk and reduce costs while ensuring 
your customers receive outstanding service across the proliferation of touch points. 

Website: http://www.cemafricasummit.com/ 



Conference on China - Africa Relations 

Nairobi, Kenya (9 august 2012) 

Inter Region Economic Network (IREN) in collaboration with the Chinese Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya will host high level scholars 
from across Africa and China to brainstorm on China Africa relations on August 9, 2012. The conference will also focus on 
outcomes of the 5th Ministerial Conference of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation. 

Website: http://www.af ricanexecutive.com/modules/maqazine/articles.php?article=6692&maqazine=395 



Biodiversity Asia 2012: Science, Policy, and Governance 

Benqaluru (Bangalore), India (7-10 August 2012) 

This international conference is being organized in India to highlight the urgency of biodiversity conservation in Asia ahead of 
the 11th Conference of the Parties (CoP) of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) to be held in India in October 
2012. Biodiversity Asia 2012 will bring together researchers, policy makers, managers, students, teachers, NGOs, activists, and 
others working towards the conservation of Asia's biodiversity. 

Website: http://www.scbasia2012.org/ 



3'^'' International Conference on Research for Development 

Bern, Switzerland (20-22 August 2012) 

Participants in the conference are expected to bring in multiple national and international perspectives on development- 
oriented research, policy dialogue, and practice aiming towards global transformation. The conference will have a strong focus 
on the global South; but the role of the global North will also be addressed. Further emphasis will be given to discussing 
research policy and funding in the North, including in Switzerland. In addition, the conference will take into account and 




critically review the outcomes of the international 'Planet under Pressure' science conference (London in March 2012) and 
Rio+20 (Rio de Janeiro in June 2012), and discuss the consequences of these global events for research partnerships. 

Website: http://www.icrd.ch/ 



World Water Week 

Stockholm, Sweden (26-31 August 2012) 

Each year the World Water Week addresses a particular theme to enable a deeper examination of a specific water-related topic. 
While not all events during the week relate to the overall theme, the workshops driven by the Scientific Programme Committee 
and many seminars and side events do focus on various aspects of the theme. The current niche for 2009-2012 is "Responding 
to Global Changes", which looks at the potential and necessary responses in water policy, management and development to 
address pervasive and increasingly Impacting global changes. 

Website: http://www.worldwaterweek.org/ 



Altec West Africa ICT Summit 

Accra, Ghana (15-16 August 2012) 

West African enterprises can no longer complain about lack of International bandwidth. The region is fully integrated into the 
world market via plentiful undersea and satellite connections. But it still has a long way to go to realise the economic benefits 
that should derive from this new era of connectivity and innovation. ICT ROI is sadly lacking at government, corporate, national 
and regional levels. The Summit will provide an Ideal opportunity for the region's ICT policy-makers, regulators, managers and 
professionals to assess the Impact of this new paradigm on their countries and organisations and what are the optimum 
strategies and technologies they should deploy to maximise the benefits. 

Website: http://altecafrlca.com/event/vlew/86?symfony=fe056cf4d51ed5754b085375fb554778 



DEMO China 

(23-24 August 2012) 

DEMO has been the premier conference for companies from around the world to launch product at the North American events. 
Now, with three DEMO events produced in China, Singapore, Brazil and Africa, DEMO has established a powerful International 
network of launch events. Each international conference will showcase local emerging technologies as well as provide a 
platform for companies outside the region to access the local community of press, venture capitalist, buyers and distribution 
partners. Email: Mary Nan ( Marv.nan@cvzone.cn ) 

Website: http://www.demo.com/ehome/DEMO/events/internatlonal-events 
September 

The Second Global Conference on Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change 

Ha Nol, Vietnam (3-7 September 2012) 

Co-organized by Viet Nam and the Netherlands, in close collaboration with other partners. Including FAO and the World Bank, 
the conference will allow global leaders, practitioners, scientists, civil society and the private sector to share experiences and 
demonstrate how early action on Climate-Smart Agriculture can act as a driver of green growth. 

Website: http://www.afcconference.com/background-note 



6' International Hybrid Rice Symposium 

Hyderabad, India (10-12 September 2012) 

The symposium aims to create a discussion platform that tackles the issue of Increasing rice yields to adapt to the worlds' 
increasing demand for rice. The symposium will discuss the topics: Hybrid Rice Development; Hybrid Rice Seed Production; 
Applications of Molecular Technology; Crop and Resource Management, and; Hybrid Rice Economics. 

Website: http://hvbrid-rice.org/ 



The World of Rural Co-operation International Roundtable Event - How Rural Co-operative Enterprises Build a Better 
World 

Dublin, Ireland (11-12 September 2012) 

This invitation only roundtable event will be used to debate and discuss the impact and future of rural co-operation 
worldwide. This prestigious event will be a unique opportunity to share knowledge and expertise with rural co-operators from 
across the world to Inform the development of a plan for the future development of rural co-operatives worldwide. 



Website: http://www.rural2012.coop/ 



Annual Meeting of the New Champions 2012 



Tlanjin, People's Republic of China (11-13 September 2012) 

The Annual Meeting of the New Champions is the foremost global business gathering in Asia. After five years, it is widely 
known as the Summer Davos - reflecting the "spirit of Davos" that for more than four decades has meant openness, collegiality 
and frank, yet friendly, exchange among leaders from business, government, academia, civil society and media. 

Website: http://www.weforum.orq/events/annual-meetlnq-new-champions-2012 



Making Cents' 2012 Global Youth Economic Opportunities Conference 

Washington, D.C., USA (11-13 September 2012) 

The conference will take place September 11-13, 2012 at the Inter-American Development Bank's Conference Centre In 
Washington, DC. Submit a proposal to share your lessons learned, promising practices, and innovative ideas [n one or more of 
the following learning tracks: workforce development; adolescent girls and young women; youth-inclusive financial services and 
financial capabilities; monitoring, evaluation and impact assessment; and youth enterprise development 

Website: voutheconomicopportunities.orq/how to submit.asp 



Water Quality 2012 

HanqZhou, China (19-21 September 2012) 

Water Quality 2012 will consider the range of issues and challenges that affect global water quality. By providing a forum for 
researchers, industry, policymakers and other stakeholders, the conference will identify the key concerns and big challenges of 
the future. 

Website: http://www.accwa.net/the-project/water-quarLty-2012/ 



October 

Digital UNDlvlded: Focus 100 

New York, New York, USA (6 October 2012) 

Connect with thought leaders, rockstar start-ups, and top brands who are using emerging technologies to engage black 
women. 

Website: http://www.dLqitalundivided.com/ 



4th OECD World Forum on "Statistics, Knowledge and Policies" - Measuring Well-being and Fostering the Progress of 
Societies 

New Delhi, India (16-19 October 2012) 

The goal of the 4th OECD World Forum on "Statistics, Knowledge and Policies" is to assess progress in implementing the 
Istanbul Declaration (2007), to share results and lessons learned from work undertaken by OECD and other organizations, and 
to give impetus to concrete measurement programmes based on existing national and regional statistical capacities, 
mechanisms and tools. 

Website: http://www.oecd.orq/document/47/0,3746,en 2649 33715 49312751 111 l.OO.html 



Integrated Soil Fertility Management in Africa: From Microbes to Markets 

Nairobi, Kenya (22-26 October 2012) 

This conference assembles the strengths of several organizations and collaborative research projects committed to designing, 
refining and delivering potent solutions to food insecurity and agricultural resource degradation in sub-Saharan Africa. 

Website: http://www.isfmafrLca2012.orq/index.html 



Second Global Conference on Agricultural Research for Development 

Punta del Este, Uruguay (29 October - 1 November 2012) 

The GCARD II will focus on the ways to implement the tasks identified in the GCARD RoadMap with special attention to 
"Foresight and partnership for innovation and impact on small-holder livelihoods". 



Website: http://www.egfar.org/qcard-2012 



2012 African Economic Conference 

Kiqall, Rwanda (30 October - 2 November 2012) 

The main objective of the African Economic Conference is to provide a piatform for experts on Africa, both within and outside 
the continent, to refiect and diaiogue on new directions for growth poiicy on the continent in order to determine the best 
approaches to attain the Miilennium Development Goals, achieve the objectives of NEPAD and accelerate Africa's sustainable 
development. 

Website: http://www.africaneconomicconference.org/2012/index.htm 



November 

Implementing Rlo+20 for Drylands and Desertification 

Sede Boqer Campus, Israel (12-15 November 2012) 

The International Conference on Drylands, Deserts and Desertification (DDD) has emerged as an Important global gathering of 
scientists, field workers, industry, government, CSOs, International development aid agencies and other stakeholders from over 
60 countries concerned about land degradation in the drylands, and their sustainable use and development land degradation 
and development. 

Website: http://Ln.bqu. ac.ll/en/desertlflcatlon/Paqes/default.aspx 



AITEC Southern Africa ICT Congress 2012 

Maputo, Mozambique 

The Southern African ICT Summit will gather the region's ICT policy-makers, regulators, ClOs and professionals from 
throughout the SADC region to share knowledge, network with industry leaders from throughout the world, and develop best 
practice strategies for the coming year. The Summit coincides with the opening of the Mozambique Science Park so will feature 
a number of sessions and presentations highlighting the business and development opportunities associated with this. The 
Summit will focus on the deployment of ICT solutions to Improve the quality of life for Southern Africa's citizens and empower 
them to export their knowledge and skills. 

Website: http://altecafrlca.com/event/vlew/85 



5th Euro-Africa Cooperation Forum on ICT Research 

Lisbon, Portugal (28-29 November 2012) 

EuroAfrica-P8 Is a FP7 project funded by the European Commission (DG INFSO) with the aim of strengthening ICT research and 
policy links between Africa and Europe under the 8th Strategic Partnership. 

Website: http://tlnvurl.com/bvdf9vh 



December 

Have an event you would like the South-South community to know about? Then send details to 
developmentchallenqes@qooqlemalLcom . 

2013 
March 

AITEC Banking and Mobile Money West Africa 

Laqos, Nlqerla (13-14 March 2013) 

Now entering Its sixth year as the region's leading banking forum, AITEC Banking & Mobile Banking West Africa 2013 will 
address the key issues faced by the region's Increasingly dynamic financial services sector. 

Website: http://aitecafrlca.com/event/vlew/90 



July 

Broadcast, Film and Music Africa 2013 



Nairobi, Kenya (10-11 July 2012) 



Theme: Building a world class electronic media Industry In Africa. Just under half of the countries In Africa have liberalised their 
broadcast markets and there has been a considerable growth In the number of new television and radio stations. The final 
opening up by the rest of the countries on the continent promises the kind of growth that the mobile market has experienced 
over the next five years. 

Website: http://altecafrlca.com/event/vlew/93 



AWARDS AND FUNDING 



World Summit Youth Award 

The International contest for young people using the Internet and mobiles to take action on the UN Millennium Development 
Goals. Website: www.vouthaward.orq 



Grand Challenges Canada: Request for Proposals 

Grand Challenges Canada Is pleased to announce a new Initiative in its Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health grand challenge. 
It's called Saving Brains. Its goal Is to unlock potential in children and dramatically transform lives in the developing world. The 
money to fund this program comes from the Development Innovation Fund. In Budget 2008, the Government of Canada 
committed $225 million CAD over five years to the Development Innovation Fund, to support the best minds in the world In a 
collaborative search for solutions to global health challenges. For the Request for Proposals: 

Website: http://www.grandchalienges.ca/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/Request for Proposals-Saving Brains EN.pdf 



Zayad Future Energy Prize 

The world Is In desperate need of Innovative solutions to create a new, sustainable energy future. No one knows 

who or where the next great energy solution will come from. Solutions and technologies that could change the world are being 

developed globally, and the $2.2 million Zayed Future Energy Prize, managed by Masdar in Abu Dhabi, recognizes and rewards 

Innovation, leadership, and long-term vision In renewable energy and sustalnablllty. 

Website: www.zavedfutureenerqvprlze.com/ 



Philips Liveable Cities Award 

Philips Is looking for Individuals and community or non-government organizations and businesses with ideas for "simple 
solutions" that will Improve people's health and well-being In a city to enter the Philips Liveable Cities Award. To help translate 
these Ideas Into reality, three Award grants totalling €125,000 are on the line. One overall winning Idea from any of the three 
categories outlined below will receive a grant of €75,000, while the two additional Ideas will receive grants of €25,000. 
Website: http://www.because.phllips.com/llvable-cltles-award/about-the-award 



Plramal Foundation In India 

Has established a US $25,000 prize for Ideas that help advance full access to effective public health care In India. The Plramal 
Prize Is a $25,000 Social Entrepreneurship Competition focused on democratizing health care In India that seeks to encourage 
and support bold entrepreneurial Ideas which can profoundly impact access to higher standards of health for India's rural and 
marginalized urban communities. The award recognizes high-Impact, scalable business models and Innovative solutions that 
directly or Indirectly address India's health-care crisis. 
Website: www. plramalprlze.org 



Special Award for South-South Transfer 

The aim of the award Is to Identify, provide visibility, and honour those who have successfully shared their projects and 
approaches Internationally, thereby Increasing the Impact of the Initiative. The winning practice receives US $15,000 to further 
transfer the awarded practice to other communities In developing countries. 
Website: www.southsouthexpo.org 



South-South Experience Exchange Facility 

Supported by Mexico, China, India, Denmark, Spain, The Netherlands, and the U.K. and now Colombia, the South-South 
Experience Exchange Facility Is a multi-donor trust fund that promotes the idea that developing countries can learn from the 
successes of other developing countries In overcoming similar challenges. In the past 12 months, the trust has given out 35 
grants to countries for learning activities ranging from working with at risk youth in the Caribbean to outsourcing IT services In 
Africa. 

Website: www.southsouthcases.lnfo 



African Writers Fund 

Together with the Ford Foundation, the Fund supports the work of Independent creative writers living on the continent. The 
Fund recognizes the vital role that poets and novelists play In Africa by anticipating and reflecting the cultural, economic and 
political forces that continuously shape and reshape societies. 

Website: http://www.trustafrlca.orq/lndex.php7optlon = com content&task=vlew&id=91&ltemid = 908tlang=fr 



Joint NAM S&T Centre - ICCS Fellowship Programme 

Centre for Science and Technology of the Non-Allgned and Other Developing Countries (NAM S&T Centre) and International 
Center for Chemical Sciences (ICCS), (H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry and Dr. Panjwanl Centre for Molecular Medicine and 
Drug Research), University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan 
Click here for more Information 

or contact: namstct(S)vsnl.com, namstct(a)bol.net.ln, apknam@qmall.com 




PhD Plant Breeding Scholarships at the University of Ghana 

The University of Ghana ( www.uq.edu.qh) has been awarded a project support grant by the Aiiiance for a Green Revoiution 
( www.aqra-aiiiance.orq ) in Africa (a joint venture between the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the Rockefeller 
Foundation, for the establishment of a West African Centre for Crop Improvement (WACCI). This Is available to scientists 
working at NARIs, universities and International centres In West Africa. Women scientists are especially encouraged to apply for 
a fellowship under this programme. Website: www.accl.orq.za/Defau lt.asp?nav=l-lome&ldno= 10 



Genesis: India's Premier Social Entrepreneurship Competition 

Is a social entrepreneurship competition aiming to bring together social entrepreneurs, students, NGOs, Innovators, Incubators, 
corporations and financiers and encourage them to come up with Innovative Ideas which are socially relevant and feasible. 
Website: http://genesls.lltm.ac.ln/ 



TRAINING AND JOB OPPORTUNITIES 



Weitzenegger's International Development Job Market: 
Website: www.weltzeneqqer.de/new/iobmarket.php 

Global Knowledge Initiative 

The Global Knowledge Initiative seeks to build global knowledge partnerships between Individuals and Institutions of higher 
education and research. It seeks to help partners access the global knowledge, technology, and human resources needed to 
sustain growth and achieve prosperity for all." 
Website: www.qlobalknowledqelnltlatlve.orq/ 

ExportHelp - Promoting and supporting access to the European market 

The European Commission runs a database for the explicit support of market players In developing countries who want to bring 

their products to the EU market. The database gives an overview on the EU's preferential trade regimes established for 

developing countries as well as lists all tariffs, taxes and other requirements for goods 

Imported Into the EU. 

Website: http://exporthelp.europa.eu 

Development Executive Group Devex Networking Website 

Over 90,000 global experts can network and connect and learn about more than 47,000 registered projects. 
Website: www.devex.orq 

Website Offers Career Advice to Young Africans 

Set up by the Commonwealth Secretariat, Afrlcancareerguldance.com Is aimed at providing career guidance to African youth 
and helping them to link with prospective employers. AfrlcaRecrult Is a human resources organization that provides skills 
training for African professionals In the Diaspora and on the continent. The website has an Inbuilt email subscriber list for all Its 
users and offers a searchable database of career profiles for job seekers and prospective employers. It also offers skills and 
interest assessments and advice on CV and resume preparation. It provides tips about Interviewing techniques, as well as 
information on Internship and volunteer opportunities, and entrepreneurial skills. 
Website: www.africacareerguldance.com 

African Diaspora Skills Database 

This database was compiled to provide an overview of qualified African Diaspora professionals with varied areas of expertise 
and experience. The African Diaspora contributes substantially to the social, economic and political development of Africa, and 
this database is set up to further mobilize this considerable potential. 
Website: www.dlaspora-centre.orq/NEWSLETTER/Database 

Aid Workers Network (AWN) 

Aid Workers Network (AWN) is an online platform for aid, relief and development workers to ask and answer questions of each 
other, and to exchange resources and Information. AWN is registered In the United Kingdom as a charity. You will 
find discussions about a range of questions and Issues on the AWN forum from aid, relief and development workers all over the 
world and representing a variety of fields, with new threads or responses posted dally. The forum Is a great way to get In 
contact with 

other aid and development workers In your geographic area or working In a similar area of work. 
Website: www.aldworkers.net 

Bizzlounge 

Blzzlounge Is where people committed to ethical behaviour meet, who want to establish and maintain business contacts In an 
exclusive and relaxed environment. 
Website: http://blzzlounge.com 

Business Action for Africa 

Business Action for Africa Is a network of businesses and business organizations working collectively to accelerate growth and 
poverty reduction In Africa. 

Website: http://buslnessactlonforafrlca.bloqspot.com 
Business Fights Poverty 

Business Fights Poverty Is a professional network for all those passionate about fighting world poverty through the power of 
good business. 

Website: http://buslnessfLghtspoverty.nlnq.com 




Business in Development Network (BiD) 



The BiD Network Foundation runs the B'lD Challenge to contribute to sustainable economic development by stimulating 
entrepreneurship In developing countries. 
Website: www.bldnetwork.org 

Zunia 

By Development Exchange, It offers news, publications and networking opportunities with the world's development community. 
Website: www.zunla.orq 

Catalogue of Poverty Networks 

UNDP Is organizing an online catalogue of Poverty Networks as a means to facilitate access to knowledge and sharing this to a 
wider audience In 189 countries. Poverty Networks are web-based platforms that provide space for sharing and 
disseminating development-related Information and initiatives. Below you will find Information on IPC's collaborating networks, 
which help foster dialogue between researchers, policymakers, civil society and multilateral organizations. 
Website: www.undp-povertycentre.org/povnet.do 

Connections for Development (CfD) 

CfD Is a UK, Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) led, membership based organization committed to ensuring that UK BME 
communities, and the organizations they are involved in, are supported in the process of shaping and delivering policy and 
projects that affect their countries of origin or Interest - collectively "our world". 
Website: www.cfdnetwork.co.uk 

Development Crossing 

Development Crossing was set up in 2006 by a small group of friends with diverse backgrounds ranging from business 
consulting to international development. In a world where the environment, corporate responsibility, and sustainable 
development are becoming Increasingly Intertwined, our goal was to create a site where Individuals that shared our passion 
could keep up-to-date with relevant happenings in the world and connect with like-minded individuals. The idea behind 
Development Crossing is to provide a social network that brings together people from a variety of sectors, countries and 
professions to discuss corporate social responsibility and sustainable 
development. 

Website: www.developmentcrosslng.com 
DevelopmentAld.org 

The one-stop-information-shop for the developmental sector, DevelopmentAld.org Is a membership organization that brings 
together information for developmental professionals, NGOs, consultancy firms and donors. 
Website: www.developmentald.org 

Zunla.org 

Zunia.org, a free online service by the Development Gateway Foundation Is devoted to knowledge-sharing and collaboration 
for people working to reduce poverty In the developing world. 
Website: http://toplcs.developmentqatewav.orq 

Diaspora African Forum 

This Forum exists "to invite and encourage the full participation of Africans In the Diaspora In the building of the African Union, 
in its capacity as an important part of the Continent". We will provide the vital linkage for Diaspora Africans to become Involved 
in Africa's development as well as reap the fruits of African unity. 
Website: www.dlasporaafrlcanforum.orq 

Business Planet: a new data map on Entrepreneurship 

Business Planet, an interactive Google map, now includes data on new business creation around the world. Measures of 
entrepreneurial activity are based on the number of total and newly registered corporations. Click on colour markers to learn 
more about each country. 

Website: http://rru.worldbank.org/buslnessplanet/default.aspx7pld =8