August - September 1990
iThe newsletter for users of Computer Concepts' Archimedes products
A Major Upgrade for the Leading Archimedes
Document Processing and DTP program
Computer Concepts' Impression will
shortly be upgraded to version 2, further
strengthening its position as market
leader for document processing and page
make-up on the Archimedes.
Exceeding the promise made to ver-
sion 1 purchasers to provide a free
upgrade to version 1.1, a free upgrade to
the Impression 2 program will be sup-
plied to all registered owners.
Among the new features provided by
Impression 2 is the ability to rotate
graphics instantly. No other Archimedes
DTP program offers this feature, and it
will be extremely difficult to match in
terms of sheer speed. "Rotating Draw files is
relatively trivial," said Charles Moir,
Managing Director of Computer
Concepts, "but fast rotation of sprites such as
those produced by scanners is a different matter
altogether. A sample sprite rotation which takes
over ten minutes in '.Paint happens instantly in
Other important new features include
the ability to select and move multiple
text and graphics frames, and a shortcut
way to define styles. These facilities alone
will greatly increase productivity.
"We hope to launch at the Acorn User show,
but the priority is to ensure that the program is
tested and reliable" said Moir.
See feature on pages 4-5
The powerful laser that won't burn a hole in
A good laser printer is an essential ele-
ment in achieving good quality desktop
The Computer Concepts LaserDirect
system offers the best all-round printer
available for the Archimedes, and of
course you can be sure that it is totally
compatible with Impression.
LaserDirect is based on the popular
Qume mechanism, renowned for its
reliability, offering excellent 300dpi print
quality and an extremely compact desk
top size - just 42cm x 42cm base area.
The package has been designed speci-
fically for the Archimedes and includes
the laser printer itself, a custom made
interface and driver software. All this
comes in a complete package, ready to
plug-in and run, for £999 + VAT.
The LaserDirect driver software has
been specially developed after research
and development into PostScript and the
...continued on page 2
Comparing prices of Archimedes and Mac
systems is quite an eye opener.
The Computer Concepts laser printer offers the
best performance available.
Details of the new version of scanner software,
and upgrades for existing users.
See us at Acorn User
What's on show from Computer Concepts at
this year's Acorn User Show?
The new version of Impression will have many
important new features - and registered users
will receive a software upgrade free of charge.
Take a look at some of the new features on
offer, and how to obtain a free upgrade from
Impression provides powerful DTP facilities,
but not everyone needs that level of sophisti-
cation: Impression junior offers great value and
Hints & Tips
In this issue we devote the whole section to an
initial collection of Impression hints & tips from
Computer Concepts' technical support team,
Unwanted Line Breaks
What is the nexv SuperSample Module?
Renaming Impression Documents
Creating a custom setup for your own printer
Printing on A4 paper
Linking text or graphics frames
Adjust clicking - the forgotten shortcut
Saving on disk space for standard letters
A look at fonts for the Archimedes, including
the first sets in a new collection of fonts on offer
from Computer Concepts.
How does the price of an
Archi system compare with a
similar Mac system? Charles
Moir takes a look...
The Apple Macintosh created the DTP
revolution and is still leading the matur-
ing market today. But while the Mac is an
excellent system for top-end professional
publishing including full colour work,
systems and software sell for prices which
would make your bank manager quake in
Colour publishing is developing fast
on Mac systems - no longer do you have
to spend £250,000; you can make a start in
colour publishing with the Mac for only
The point is that colour accounts for
only a small part of a much larger pub-
lishing market; even today the majority of
publishing is still in black and white. For
users whose requirement lies here, the
Archimedes offers an ideal solution.
Since most of you will already be
using an Archimedes and Impression
there's no need to persuade you of the
benefits. However, it's interesting to make
a comparison between the current market
leader (Macintosh) and a similar Archi-
medes system. I always knew that Mac
systems were expensive, but even I was
surprised at just how much more a system
In creating the price table (above-
right) I have tried to be as fair as possible.
Each is a complete black and white pub-
lishing system including computer,
software, scanner and laser printer.
The conclusion is that for black and
white publishing, the Mac system costs
over £10,000 while a comparable Archi-
medes system costs under £5,000.
You have only to attend a Mac User
show to find out that pricing attitudes are
quite different in the Macintosh market.
There are three main publishing packages
available for the Mac - QuarkXPress,
PageMaker and Design Studio. These
packages retail at £695 for the first two
and £795 for Design Studio! Can you
imagine the reaction if we announced that
Impression was to cost £695? I don't think
we'd be crushed in the stampede.
This pricing attitude is carried over to
all add-ons. Laser printers regularly cost
in excess of £3,000 and grey scale scanners
(for photographs) start at around £1,300.
A really low-cost utility is something that
costs less than £100!
As you can see from this issue of the
Archimedean, produced entirely with
Impression, when it comes to black and
white or two colour publishing, we can
produce results every bit as good as those
from the Mac.
A complete Archimedes DTP system costs less than half the price of a similar Mac system
Mac Ilex, 4MByte, 40MByte HD £4,045
LaserWriter IINT £3,595
300 dpi mono A4 scanner £1 ,295
DTP software £695
14" monitor £430
Arc. 440, 40MByte HD, ARM3
400 dpi A4 Scan-tight & feeder
These prices are RRP, although both systems are available for less if you shop around.
... continued from front cover
associated outline font drawing routines.
The FastText system used by LaserDirect
employs optimised text printing routines
which offer several major advantages
over the standard Acorn equivalents used
by other manufacturers.
FastText converts from font outlines
to the printed characters very much faster
than the Acorn routines, resulting in an
average speed increase of approximately
100%, as shown in the graph below-right
for three sample documents.
But perhaps the most surprising
aspect of FastText is that it offers this
huge speed increase without increased
memory requirements - quite the contrary
in fact. FastText operates more efficiently
and actually requires less memory than
when using the Acorn routines. Sceptical
users may be interested to know that you
can use LaserDirect with the standard
Acorn font drawing software at any time,
so you can test the speed and capability
differences for yourself! Why not ask your
dealer to print one of your files through
the different systems for comparison?
Computer Concepts are currently work-
ing on the LaserDirect Hi-Res system for
Canon LPB4 laser printers. This will be a
high performance interface card, driving
the new Canon 4 page per minute laser at
a staggering 600dpi resolution.
Further details and printed samples are
available upon request direct from Com-
The graph shows the speed difference gained
by using FastText on three typical pages
FastText speed comparisons (time in seconds)
• Totally compatible with all
aspects of RISC-OS
• Extensive image-enhancement
facilities, including : brightness
and contrast controls,
instantaneous rotation, anti-
aliasing and graphical grey-map
• Dual window view, showing
original image and modified
• Operates both on scanned
images and on sprite files from
Free upgrade to all registered
owners of Scan-light
Registered users please call us for your free
upgrade. If you have not yet registered, please
send us your registration card or other proof
of purchase, together with your request for
a free upgrade
As faithful followers may recall,
the original Scan-Light package
was conceived in the days of old,
at a time when Arthur ruled the kingdom.
But Arthur soon grew old and was duly
replaced by RISC-OS, bringing times of
abundant software and prosperity for all
(except Acorn shareholders).
Although it has undergone some
minor revisions to add an amount of
RISC-OS compatibility, it remains
substantially the same as the original.
Revised software for the improved
Scan-Light Plus package is nearing
completion as this newsletter goes to
press. It is now fully RISC-OS compatible
for consistency with other Archimedes
software. However, it has improvements
far more significant than this, providing
image enhancement facilities unrivalled
in the Archimedes world.
Images can come from several
different sources: scanners, digitisers,
paint programs, etc. and Scan-Light Plus
is designed to cope with them all. It can
even support different types of scanners
with minimal problems of interfacing.
Advanced sampling techniques allow
images to be converted from one set of
grey-scales to another. By converting
Acorn User Show
See us at the BBC Acorn User Show
The most important show this year for
Archimedes users will undoubtedly be
the BBC Acorn User Show, to be held in
September. As always, it looks set to be
the major launch venue for new products
from a range of vendors.
At Computer Concepts we have been
working for many months to complete
Impression 2 for its major debut at the
Acorn User Show. If at all possible, we
will have finished product on sale, and
even hope to be giving away free software
upgrades to registered Impression
owners. Bring along a note of your serial
number and, all being well, you can take
away your upgrade.
Other products will be on display in
their current stages of development.
We're working on a range of products, all
of which will be on demonstration at the
show. Now's your chance to see all of
them together in operation, and to
compare them with offerings from other
Our technical support staff and
programmers will be available on the
stand to demonstrate products and
answer your questions. Sorry, but there'll
be no scantily clad ladies handing out
leaflets - you'll have to go to the Motor
Show for that!
What's on display ?
Westminster Exhibition Centre, Elverton
Street, London SW1.
7th - 9th September 1990
Friday 7th, 12 noon - 7pm
Saturday 8th, 10am - 6pm
spare resolution capacity, images can be
changed to higher numbers of grey-levels,
e.g. from 16 levels to a 256 level picture.
The new software operates with two
main windows, one showing the original
image and the other showing the image
interactively as it is modified. In all cases,
the original is retained, so changes are
only saved when you're satisfied.
One of the main problems with
scanned or digitised images centres
around contrast and brightness.
Consequently, one of the best features of
Scan-Light Plus is its ability to adjust
contrast and brightness, using an
interactive grey-map edit tool. This
enables fine control of all intensities
within an image, according to the number
of grey-shades present. Special effects
such as negatives and posterising can also
No compromise has been made over
speed of operation; the program is written
in ARM Assembly language, and you
can't go faster than that. Image rotation
benefits particularly from the speed
advantage. IPaint is one of the few
programs which can rotate images, but it
makes watching grass grow seem
positively exciting! As an example, we
rotated the 160K screen image pictured
above by a simple 90 degrees. This took
Paint an astonishing 12 minutes,
compared with under a second taken by
The effects of cumulative distortion to
images can be very destructive. When
rotating an image by an amount other
than 90 degrees the pixels are modified. If
you rotate it back to its original angle, it
will have become distorted in the process.
However, Scan-Light Plus always acts
upon the original image, so no cumulative
errors can occur, no matter how many
rotations you apply to the same image.
Scan-Light Junior retails at £189 + VAT
Scan-Light A4 retails at £399 + VAT
• All Impression documents can be
loaded into Impression 2
Multiple frame selection, cut, copy
Effects menu - allows quick style
definition for occasional use
New frame type for rapid creation
of headers, footers and other
Instant rotation of graphics by any
angle in one-degree steps
Hierarchical font menus list
variations under a single menu
Much faster frame selection
Page rulers round the window
Grouping of frames
• Conditional page - prevents
undesirable page breaks
Internal frame inset margin
Automatic saving of user,
abbreviation, and hyphenation
dictionaries when quitting
Blinking cursor option for
Local ruler - can be applied to a
Chapter and page numbering in
upper or lower case roman
Instant drag and pan of graphics
• Custom frame borders can be
created in Draw and imported
into Impression 2
Improved printing in draft
No limit on the number of fonts in
the font directory
• Scroll window with key short-cuts
Key short-cuts shown on menus
Shows 'modified' asterisk on title
bar, according to RISC-OS
Enhanced print options
Up to 61 grey levels shown on
screen by dithering
Numeric entry of margins and
tabs for greater accuracy and
Ever since the first version of Impression
we have been working to improve exist-
ing facilities and to add new ones. When
we first released Impression we hoped
that we had produced a bug-free program
with all the features necessary at the
targeted level. That's what we hoped - but
after being nearly ten years in the busi-
ness we knew the inevitability of bugs
and the need for new features !
So we made a promise to provide a
free upgrade to version 1.1, intended as a
relatively minor upgrade, just to ensure
that after the first few months of use, any
bugs which had appeared would be fixed,
and any new features which were desper-
ately needed could be added. However,
we should have remembered how dif-
ficult it is to stop adding features once we
start. The upshot of this is that bug-fixes
were implemented and released
piecemeal, ending at the current 1.07,
which is really what we intended as the
promised version 1.1
Rather than honour a promise to
provide a 1.1 upgrade, we are instead
offering to upgrade every registered user
to version 2 software. This goes far
beyond our promise, providing a large
range of advanced new features.
There are so many enhancements and
new features that we can't possibly
describe them all here. Of course if you
already have Impression, you'll see all the
features when you get your free upgrade.
We expect Impression 2 and your free
upgrades to be available to registered
customers quoting a serial number at the
Acorn User Show, but please check avail-
ability before you come specially!
Upgrading to Impression 2
The free software upgrade can be
supplied to any registered owner of
Impression. This free upgrade consists of
a disc and notes detailing the differences.
However, full packages of Impression 2
will contain additional fonts which were
not included with the original Impression,
but the price of Impression 2 will rise to
£169 + VAT. As a special offer, for just £20
+ VAT registered users can obtain an
extended upgrade containing:-
• A new manual to fit the existing
• The new Pembroke font,
including regular, italic, bold
and bold italic variations, PLUS
a new Dingbats font
• Outline compatible system fonts
• New Clip art and updated utilities
You can obtain a free upgrade if you are
registered on our database simply by
phoning and quoting your name and
Impression serial number. Alternatively,
quote a credit card number or send a
cheque for £20 + VAT if you would like
the complete upgrade including manual
If you are not registered, please com-
plete your registration card and return it
to us. If you have lost your registration
card, just send us proof of purchase and a
note of the serial number, name and
address, together with the order. Remem-
ber, only registered users are entitled to
benefits beyond those guaranteed by your
statutory rights, such as upgrades, techni-
cal advice and, not to be forgotten, free
issues of The Archimedean.
We plan to make upgrades available
from our stand at the Acorn User Show,
subject to successful completion within
the available time. If you intend to visit
only to collect an upgrade, please check
availability first - we'd hate you to be
disappointed! Upgrade priority at the
show will be to users who are already
registered on our database.
Impression 2 Features
First, a few words of caution. As features
are added to a program, it gets bigger.
Impression 2 is therefore larger and
requires more memory than the previous
version, although still considerably less
than any of its competitors. It is possible
that some documents which loaded in the
original version may be too large to load
with Impression 2.
At this stage the increased memory
requirement is not terribly severe, but we
would like to take this opportunity to
warn that requirements will continue to
rise in the future. All software suppliers
enhance their programs and they will all
require more memory as time goes on.
Increasing your range of fonts and utili-
ties will also exacerbate the problem.
Documents created in previous versions
can be loaded straight into Impression 2,
retaining the complete layout. However,
as is usual for major upgrades, files saved
cannot be loaded into earlier versions.
Multiple frame selection
One of the most significant enhancements
is the ability to select and operate upon
several frames at the same time. Just select
the first frame as usual, then Shift-click on
others. You can then drag, cut, copy or
paste the entire set of frames in one action.
Multiple selection will greatly increase
productivity, allowing whole sets of
related text and graphics frames to be
moved from one position to another, and
even from document to document by
copying and pasting.
Grouping of frames
A selection of multiple frames can now be
grouped such that it is treated as a single
item. Drag, cut, copy and paste operations
will be applied to the whole group.
Grouping has many uses, primarily
allowing related items to remain together.
Grouping a large headline with the
columns of text to which it relates permits
the whole story to be moved as one unit.
Although the style system in Impression
is uniquely powerful, especially for long
documents, there are times when it can be
unnecessarily tedious to define styles for
As the Impression manual says, it is
poor design to have a document contain-
ing many different type designs and sizes.
Indeed the Impression style system delib-
erately encourages the use of a consistent
set of styles throughout a document.
Impression 2 provides a shortcut to
style definition, in the form of a com-
pletely new Effects menu. This lets any
text effect be applied to any region of text
directly, without having to define a style.
For example it is possible to select a word
and set it to 24pt size, or to any particular
Since implementing the effects menu
we have made it easier for users to make a
mess of the document. It is now very easy
to use lots of different effects all over the
document and only realise later that this
was probably a mistake, and that a style
would have been better. With this in mind
we have made it possible for effects to be
changed into styles.
Instant rotation of graphics
Fast rotation of graphics, originally part of
the development work on Scan-Light
Plus, is incorporated in Impression 2. Not
only does it rotate Draw and Sprite files,
instantly, but it also uses a screen dither-
ing technique to enhance display quality.
It is now possible to see grey-level and
colour sprites in monochrome modes and
to obtain near -perfect smooth shading in
colour screen modes. For example, 16
colour screen modes can now represent 61
grey-levels. Rotation in Impression 2 is so
fast that you can point and drag to rotate
in real time.
New repeating frame type
A new type of frame has been imple-
mented specifically for items which need
to be repeated on two or more pages, such
as headers and footers. A frame can be
created on any page and will automati-
cally appear in the same position on
Just as Effects have been provided as a
means to quick style changes without
defining styles, so too have local rulers
been provided to avoid the need to define
a style for one-off use. Any area can be
selected and new ruler settings applied.
This makes it much easier to include
occasional tables of figures and the like.
Hierarchical font menus
As it becomes more usual to have a large
number of fonts, the length of the font
menu is also getting far too long. In readi-
ness for even greater numbers of fonts, we
now use hierarchical font menus. This
lists only one name for a font family in the
main menu list, with a sub-menu listing
the variations. So for example, Pembroke
would be listed in the main menu, but the
variations medium, medium italic, bold and
bold italic would be listed in a sub-menu.
As a further enhancement, the limit
on the number of fonts in the font direc-
tory has now been removed - you can
have as many as you want (or as many as
you can afford).
Fonts are a major growth area for
Archimedes DTP in the coming year. We
have been working to increase the num-
ber of fonts available at reasonable cost
and can now offer three new ones. See the
back page for further details.
■ Bold, Italic ft
If your needs are for basic
DTP and word processing,
Impression Junior offers a
Impression 2 offers a vast array of facili-
ties for the widest possible range of
publishing and word processing needs.
However, not all users need such a high
level of sophistication.
If your needs are for little more than a
word processor with some page layout
and graphics facilities, it may be that
Impression Junior is sufficient.
Impression 2 sells at £169, whereas
Impression Junior is just £89.95. So if price
is your main concern, Junior fits the bill.
What's the difference ?
Impression Junior looks and feels very
much like Impression, but with fewer
menu options and overall simplification
In choosing what features it should
have, we cut out those which were com-
plicated or only applicable to advanced
page layout and professional publishing.
If you just want an advanced word pro-
cessor, you won't be disappointed with
Impression Junior. Listed below are some
of the major differences between Junior
and Impression 2.
• Simplified Master page system.
• Basic printing options only: no pamph-
let, collated, reverse, right/left only,
no picture options.
• Manual hyphenation only, no auto-
• In-memory operation only - the maxi-
mum document size is restricted to
• Greatly simplified styles.
• Limited attributes only - no double
underline, strike-out, rule-offs, tab
• Limited colour control - no CMYK and
HSV colour control systems.
• No abbreviation expansion.
• Limited facilities for long documents -
no automatic contents or index
• Simplified spelling check options.
• Just one simple window per
• Simplified preferences, alter frame,
info, alter graphic dialogue boxes.
We aim to have Impression Junior ready for
release at the Acorn User Show.
Hints & Tips * Hints & Tips
This selection of hints and tips is confined to Impression and has been gathered from recent months of
telephone calls and letters to the Computer Concepts' technical support engineers. It reflects a broad
range of topics and, dare we say it, levels of user's knowledge! To these we have added some hints and
tips which we think will prove useful.
In future issues we would like to include answers and hints on other Computer Concepts' Archimedes
products and welcome your suggestions by letter, addressed to "The Editor".
uave Your Phone Bill
... Read the Manual
We know that the Impression manual
doesn't make the most interesting bed-
time reading, but it's worth taking the
time to read it nonetheless.
You'd be amazed at the number of
letters and phone calls we get which are
clearly answered in the manual! It's a
waste of your time and your phone bill
calling us with these questions. But it
wastes technical support resources too,
and that means less time for genuine
problems. So please, before you call us for
support, make sure you have checked the
relevant sections of the manual.
Sometimes a problem comes to light
after the manual has been printed. Such
problems are usually not directly related
to our software, but if we keep being
asked then we try to provide information
anyway. Hints and Tips which are not in
the manual can be found in a document
called ! Hints on Impression disc 2. Please
read this briefly, but then check it again
when a problem arises. It's often the case
that maybe weeks later you'll encounter
one of the problems described, but you're
likely to have forgotten the answer.
Some of the more commonly asked
questions are covered below. Some of
these have appeared in the Hints file of
recently purchased copies of Impression,
but we still receive a lot of questions on
these same topics.
Unwanted line breaks
Sometimes it is undesirable to break a line
between certain pairs of words, or
symbols. Usually Impression is liable to
split words at any space character, but in
circumstances where you wish to avoid it
you can instead insert a hard space. This
looks just like an ordinary space, but will
never permit a line break. To enter one,
position the cursor where it should be,
hold down the Alt key and press the
What is the new
When the !Fonts directory is double-
clicked on for the first time it causes two
modules to be automatically loaded. One
is called FontManager and the other is
SuperSample. The FontManager super-
sedes and replaces the one present in the
RISC OS ROMs. The other new module,
SuperSample, can be seen at the bottom of
the module list. This is just part of the
enhancements to font handling which
Acorn provided as an update - this is of
no direct use to you - it has no interesting
commands to play with, but please don't
delete it !
If you use the rename option on the filer
window to rename an Impression docu-
ment, the usual icon will be replaced by
the standard application icon.
This is due to the way Impression
documents are stored, with an Impression
Icon named the same as the document
when saved. This icon will only appear if
its name matches the document name, so
if you rename the document, you will also
have to rename the icon. You can do this
by first holding down the shift key and
double clicking on the document, which
opens the document directory and shows
the files within. Then double-click on the
!Sprite file which will cause it to be loaded
into !Paint where you can rename it to
match the new document name. Alterna-
tively, it's much easier to load the
document into Impression and then save
it with the new filename.
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treating a custom
setup for your own
Inside each printer driver, accessed by
holding down the shift key and double
clicking on the printer driver application,
there is a file called PrData. This contains
details such as default paper sizes and can
be examined or changed by loading it into
a text editor such as !Edit.
The file also contains two sequences
called job_epilogue and job_prologue
which enable commands to be sent auto-
matically to the printer before and after
printing. By editing the file you can create
your own customised actions. One exam-
ple of its use is to set the printer's form
length for the size of paper in use. The
codes for this and many other settings can
usually be found in your printer's manual.
Xrinting on A4 paper
At the bottom of each page Impression
sends a form feed command to the
printer. This causes the printer to advance
the paper feed to where it expects the start
of the next sheet to be. Printers with sheet
feeders are generally easy to handle, since
their page size is not so critical. However,
most dot-matrix printers are set as they
leave the factory to expect continuous
stationery with pages 11" long. In this
state, the printer will advance to complete
an 11" section when given a form feed
command. If A4 paper is installed, having
a length of 11.7", printing will be out of
phase with the page start.
Some printers have a small switch to
set, indicating page length. For others it is
necessary to send an instruction code.
Referring back to the previous hint,
form length on a Panasonic KXP1081
printer can be set by modifying the
PrData file in!PrinterDM, entering:-
job_prologue = "<27>C<70>"
This sets page length to 70 lines, which at
the standard 6 lines per inch spacing will
provide the correct size. Check in your
printer manual for the codes relevant to
the printer in use.
Hints & Tips * Hints & Tips
There seems to be some confusion over
the linked frame features of Impression,
making them worthy of explanation.
Linking text frames:- When some text
has to continue across more than one
frame, you don't have to treat them as
separate stories. Instead, you can link the
frames together in any desired order, and
Impression will automatically flow a story
from frame to frame. To create a series of
linked frames, first create new frames in
the required positions (although you can
of course move and resize them later).
Then click in the first frame to select it
and Adjust-Click in the next frame in the
required order. Continue to Adjust Click
in each subsequent frame to add it to the
linking order. Now, when you click in the
first frame and type, or otherwise enter
text, it will automatically overflow from
one frame to the next.
Note that you cannot add a frame
already containing text to a different
linked series. If in doubt, create a new
frame or even a new set of frames, then
you can be sure they're empty. One slight
difficulty is that you cannot easily identify
the linking order of frames. Just about the
only way to see what you've linked
together is to flow some text in and see!
This doesn't usually pose a problem in
Graphics Frames:- Few users seem to
be aware of - and even less make use of -
Impression's feature which enables a form
of linking of graphics frames.
Two or more graphics frames can be
linked by the same method as text frames:
select click in one and then Adjust-Click
in the second blank frame, and so on.
What this achieves is to display a copy of
the first frame's graphic in the second and
subsequent frames. This is not only con-
venient for duplicated graphics, but can
also make considerable savings on disc
space and memory, since only one copy of
the graphic exists. The alternative is to
copy a whole frame and its contents, but
this is just a waste of time if all are to be
based on the same graphic.
Each linked copy can have its own
independent aspect ratio, x/y offset, and
scale. If a new graphic is put into the first
frame, all of the linked frames will
instantly show the same. This is a great
time saver for repeating items, making it
really quick and easy to change your
mind at a later stage. As an example, each
triangle graphic used as a page number
holder in this newsletter comes from just
two pictures - one for the left and one for
the right, but there are fourteen of them
shown in total. This saves on space and
makes it easy to change in a later issue.
It's often the case that the most useful
little tricks are the least known, and mak-
ing full use of the Adjust button certainly
falls into this category.
Adjust clicking on a dialogue box
button or menu option will apply the
operation, but won't remove the dialogue
box or menu. For example, you can select
a piece of text and bring up the style
menu, then Adjust click on one style after
another, seeing each applied without
having to bring up the menu every time.
If you want to set the widths of two
frames to the same amount, you can select
the first frame, bring up the Alter frame
dialogue, and enter the width. But now
instead of Select-clicking on the OK but-
ton, Adjust-click on it. The change takes
effect, but the dialogue remains on screen.
Now click on the second frame, and the
dialogue updates to show the correspond-
ing settings. Now you can make changes
to that frame, and then others if you wish.
When copying frames from one page
to another, and they need to be in the
same position, bring up the Alter frame
dialogue box, click in the original frame,
make a note of the x/y measurements,
then click into the pasted frame and
change the measurements to match. If
you now Adjust click on the OK button
the changes will be made, but the
dialogue remains. So you can click on the
next frame on the original page, note the
measurements, then apply them to the
corresponding pasted frame, and so on.
Scaling the view to approximately 25%
allows more frames to be seen, and click-
ing between the two doesn't involve
having disc space
If you use the same document for a lot of
letters, you can make use of the 'Save as
text' option to save storage space.
Set up a document as a template file
with the basics of your letter structure
such as the date, address, salutations etc.
and load it each time a letter is required.
Once the letter has been entered and
printed, save just the contents with the
Save text option, ensuring that the 'with
styles' option is on. This keeps the text of
the letter on disc, without duplicating the
basic template every time. To start a new
letter at this point, just delete the text.
The archived text of a letter can be
easily retrieved at a later date. To do this,
open your default letter template, locate
the text of the letter to be loaded and drag
it into the main text frame of your letter.
To print an A4 document side by side
(A5) on an A4 page requires print
dialogue settings:- fit lots on page, scaling
66%, Sideways, as shown below:-
V fill i>- Fron O) To n|
Copies ]Q| |_ Collated
"«1 Fit lots on page (2)
Upright ■■$- Sideways
~m\ Left pages ~m\ Right pages
| Pause | Ho illustrations
This is all that is necessary for a multiple
page document. However, it takes a little
more effort to print multiple copies of a
single page document on a single sheet.
You will need to create a new page which
is a copy of the first. If it contains only text
in the normal master page frame then
mark the text and copy it, maybe using a
'force to next page' command. If however,
it is a more complicated page then the
frames from the first page will need copy-
ing and pasting one by one to the new
page. See the earlier item about Adjust
clicking for a time saving way to copy
frames from page to page, whilst main-
taining the same position. Once the page
has been copied, set the print dialogue
options as already described and print.
Note: (a)entering 2 in the Copies box,
selecting the Sideways option, and scaling
to 66% will not give two copies of the
same page side-by-side. Instead it will
print two single sheets with a centered
A5 page on each, (b) The Impression 2
multiple frame selection feature will
permit all of the frames to be copied in a
single operation, (c) Impression 2 has an
option for printing multiple copies of a
page on the same sheet.
A good selection of fonts is essential to the
production of attractive documents, and
the days of struggling with a few basic
fonts on the Archimedes are well and
truly at an end.
When personal computers first
started to be used for output of 'typeset
quality' documents, traditional typesetters
laughed at the idea, pointing to the
extremely limited range of fonts and poor
type quality as the reasons for their scorn. •
Events soon overtook the die-hard
traditional typesetters who quickly found
themselves losing work to the few mem-
bers of the industry with sufficient vision
to embrace the new technology.
At the forefront were Adobe Systems,
creators of the revolutionary PostScript
page description language. Adobe Post-
Script provided the environment for
traditional type designers to implement
their fonts at low cost for use on small
desktop publishing systems. Within just a
few short years the industry has been
turned on its head.
AvantG Book Oblique
AvantG Demi Oblique
AvantG Book Oblique
AvantG Demi Oblique
AvantG Book Oblique
AvantG Demi Oblique
Adobe cornered the market, building a
secret encription into their fonts so that no
other pretender to the throne could
understand and use their technology. But
in a sudden turnabout last year, Adobe's
position became threatened by the likes of
BitStream, offering an even wider range
of fonts of arguably superior quality.
The supremacy of Adobe fonts came
from their encripted 'hinting' mechanism.
A straightforward rendition of a character
outline at high resolution, such as that
achieved on a professional typesetting
machine at 1,270 dpi gives a perfectly
smooth character outline, as you can see
on this page. But at lower resolutions,
such as 300 dpi achieved by most laser
printers, it is difficult to avoid a rough
jagged appearance at smaller character
sizes. Methods which optimise the plac-
ing of dots on such awkward points are
called 'hinting'. The Adobe hinting
Pembroke Medium Italic
Pembroke Bold Italic
Pembroke Medium Italic
Pembroke Bold Italic
Pembroke Medium Italic
Pembroke Bold Italic
methods used in their 'Type 1 ' fonts are
still the best around.
Other font designers and providers
now have wide ranges of fonts available
in an Adobe 'Type 1' compatible format.
For example, BitStream offer over one
thousand fonts to choose from! However
Acorn use their own proprietary hinting
system which is unfortunately not com-
patible with this industry standard
'Type 1' format, hence the scarcity of fonts
in the Acorn format.
It is important now for the Archi-
medes market to gain legitimate access to
as many professional fonts as possible,
and to this end we are now able to offer
three new Archimedes outline fonts -
equivalent to well-known traditional fonts
- and intend to offer a much wider range
Each font pack is supplied as a set,
ready to load and print. Available from
Computer Concepts and our dealers at
£29 +VAT per pack.
BookM Light Italic
BookM Demi Italic
BookM Light Italic
BookM Demi Italic
BookM Light Italic
BookM Demi Italic
Computer Concepts Ltd
Gaddesden Place, Hemel Hempstead Herts HP2 6EX
Tel 0442 63933 Fax 0442 231632
The Archimedean is produced by Computer Concepts Ltd. and issued free of charge to registered owners of their
products. If you have purchased one of our Archimedes products and have not received your copy, your registration
may not have been received (complete the registration card and return it to us, or send us a note of your package
serial number(s) and your current address.)
This issue of the Archimedean was created in Impression and completed in the final stages with Impression 2, using
an Archimedes with 2MB RAM and a 20MB hard disc. All proofing and layout checks were output through
LaserDirect. Final artwork was created by linking the Archimedes to a Linotronic 300 imagesetter running a
PostScript RIP interface, outputting direct from Impression 2 with the PostScript Printer Driver, creating negative
film. To maintain the highest quality, all photographs were converted to halftones and manually stripped into
position using conventional methods, prior to making litho plates and printing.