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PubMed Central is a free full-text archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature at the U.S. National Institutes of Health's National Library of Medicine (NIH/NLM).


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by 't Hart, Bernard M.; Schmidt, Hannah C. E. F.; Roth, Christine; Einhauser, Wolfgang
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This article is from Frontiers in Psychology , volume 4 . Abstract The relation of selective attention to understanding of natural scenes has been subject to intense behavioral research and computational modeling, and gaze is often used as a proxy for such attention. The probability of an image region to be fixated typically correlates with its contrast. However, this relation does not imply a causal role of contrast. Rather, contrast may relate to an object's “importance” for a scene,...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3715740
PubMed Central
by 't Hart, Bernard Marius; Schmidt, Hannah Claudia Elfriede Fanny; Klein-Harmeyer, Ingo; Einhauser, Wolfgang
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This article is from Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences , volume 368 . Abstract For natural scenes, attention is frequently quantified either by performance during rapid presentation or by gaze allocation during prolonged viewing. Both paradigms operate on different time scales, and tap into covert and overt attention, respectively. To compare these, we ask some observers to detect targets (animals/vehicles) in rapid sequences, and others to freely view the...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3758209
PubMed Central
by , Afiahayati; Sato, Kengo; Sakakibara, Yasubumi
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This article is from PeerJ , volume 1 . Abstract Metagenomes present assembly challenges, when assembling multiple genomes from mixed reads of multiple species. An assembler for single genomes can’t adapt well when applied in this case. A metagenomic assembler, Genovo, is a de novo assembler for metagenomes under a generative probabilistic model. Genovo assembles all reads without discarding any reads in a preprocessing step, and is therefore able to extract more information from metagenomic...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3817583
PubMed Central
by -Tsung Chen, I.; Chang, Po-Hsiang; Chang, Yun-Chorng; Guo, Tzung-Fang
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This article is from Scientific Reports , volume 3 . Abstract Au nanoparticles (AuNPs), which easily aggregate in organic thin film, are observed to well-disperse in chicken albumen thin films. The incorporated AuNPs is distributed uniformly inside the thin film and is as dense as 650 (particles/μm3). In addition, enhanced ultraviolet (UV) fluorescence centered at 350 nm is observed from the AuNPs-containing chicken albumen thin film. The enhancement is proposed to be originated from the...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3604704
PubMed Central
by ?akovic, Marijana; Portada, Tomislav; Klacic, Tin
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This article is from Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online , volume 68 . Abstract In the title compound, C14H14N2O2, the angle between the mean plane of the N-methyl-3-nitro­aniline system (r.m.s. deviation = 0.0185 Å) and the p-tolyl unit is 89.79 (4)°. In the crystal, hydrogen-bonded chains running along [10-1] are generated by the linking of neighbouring mol­ecules via N—H⋯O and C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds involving the 3-nitro­aniline systems and forming...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3379515
PubMed Central
by ?akovic, Marijana; Portada, Tomislav; Ugrinovski, Dora
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This article is from Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online , volume 68 . Abstract The cation of the title compound, C14H15N2O2+·Cl−, comprises two almost ideally planar systems, 3-nitro­phenyl (r.m.s. deviation = 0.0117 Å) and 4-methyl­phenyl (r.m.s. deviation = 0.238 Å), separated by the central C—N bond, and with their mean planes inclined to one another by 61.36 (5)°. In the crystal, hydrogen-bonded chains running along [001] are generated by connecting...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3393960
PubMed Central
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This article is from BMC Pediatrics , volume 12 . Abstract Abstract: Background: Knowledge about early physiotherapy to preterm infants is sparse, given the risk of delayed motor development and cerebral palsy. Methods/Design: A pragmatic randomized controlled study has been designed to assess the effect of a preventative physiotherapy program carried out in the neonatal intensive care unit. Moreover, a qualitative study is carried out to assess the physiotherapy performance and parents'...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3305610
PubMed Central
by ?dbehr, Liv; Kvigne, Kari; Hauge, Solveig; Danbolt, Lars Johan
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This article is from BMC Nursing , volume 13 . Abstract Background: The aim of the study was to investigate nurses’ and care workers’ experiences of spiritual needs among residents with dementia in nursing homes. Nurses claim to practice holistic nursing. Nevertheless, there is little knowledge about how to recognise spiritual needs in residents with dementia. Methods: The study was conducted using a qualitative method with an exploratory design. Eight focus- group interviews in four...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4011774
PubMed Central
by ?degard, J?rgen; Meuwissen, Theo HE
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This article is from Genetics, Selection, Evolution : GSE , volume 46 . Abstract Background: Genomic selection methods require dense and widespread genotyping data, posing a particular challenge if both sexes are subject to intense selection (e.g., aquaculture species). This study focuses on alternative low-cost genomic selection methods (IBD-GS) that use selective genotyping with sparse marker panels to estimate identity-by-descent relationships through linkage analysis. Our aim was to...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3909298
PubMed Central
by ?degard, Siv Steinsmo; Sand, Trond; Engstr?m, Morten; Zwart, John-Anker; Hagen, Knut
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This article is from The Journal of Headache and Pain , volume 14 . Abstract Background: A strong relationship between insomnia and painful disorders has been found, but it is still unclear whether chronic pain leads to insomnia. There is a need of large-scale prospective studies to evaluate if there is a causal relationship between painful disorders and insomnia. Methods: All inhabitants aged ≥ 20 years in Nord-Trøndelag County of Norway were invited to participate in two surveys (n =...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3620476
PubMed Central
by ?hre, Beate; Saltnes, Hege; von Tetzchner, Stephen; Falkum, Erik
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This article is from BMC Psychiatry , volume 14 . Abstract Background: There is a need for psychiatric assessment instruments that enable reliable diagnoses in persons with hearing loss who have sign language as their primary language. The objective of this study was to assess the validity of the Norwegian Sign Language (NSL) version of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). Methods: The MINI was translated into NSL. Forty-one signing patients consecutively referred to two...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4060880
PubMed Central
by ?iestad, Britt Elin; ?steras, Nina; Frobell, Richard; Grotle, Margreth; Br?gger, Helga; Risberg, May Arna
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This article is from BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders , volume 14 . Abstract Background: Despite an extensive literature on treatment interventions for patients with knee osteoarthritis, studies comparing the efficacy of different exercise interventions and living the life as usual on quality of life, cartilage quality and cost-effectiveness are lacking. The aim of the present study is to compare the efficacy of two different exercise programs compared to a control group in individuals with...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3847462
PubMed Central
by ?iesvold, Terje; Nivison, Mary; Hansen, Vidje; S?rgaard, Knut W; ?stensen, Line; Skre, Ingunn
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This article is from BMC Psychiatry , volume 12 . Abstract Background: This study has explored the classification of bipolar disorder in psychiatric hospital. A review of the literature reveals that there is a need for studies using stringent methodological approaches. Methods: 480 first-time admitted patients to psychiatric hospital were found eligible and 271 of these gave written informed consent. The study sample was comprised of 250 patients (52%) with hospital diagnoses. For the study,...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3317873
PubMed Central
by ?ines, ?ivind; Isaksson, Mats; Hagstrom, Asa; Tavornpanich, Saraya; Davidson, Rebecca K
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This article is from Parasites & Vectors , volume 7 . Abstract Background: In endemic areas with very low infection prevalence, the frequency and intensity of Echinococcus multilocularis can be extremely low. This necessitates efficient, specific and sensitive molecular tools. We wanted to compare the existing molecular tools, used in the Norwegian national surveillance programme, and compare these with new techniques for detection of this zoonotic pathogen in fox faeces. Here we present...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4060867
PubMed Central
by ?ines, ?ivind; Radzijevskaja, Jana; Paulauskas, Algimantas; Rosef, Olav
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This article is from Parasites & Vectors , volume 5 . Abstract Background: Ixodes ricinus ticks transmit Babesia species to vertebrate hosts. Using molecular tools we were able to detect the presence of this piroplasmid in its vector. The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence and identity of Babesia species in questing ticks collected in various areas of Norway. Methods: DNA from questing l. ricinus ticks were examined with a realtime PCR for the presence of Babesia....
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3439691
PubMed Central
by ?irrakhimov, Erkin ?; Kerimkulova, Alina S; Lunegova, ?lga S; Mirrakhimov, Aibek E; Nabiev, Malik P; Neronova, Kseniya V; Bayramukova, Asiyat A; Alibaeva, Nazira T; Satarov, Nurdin
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This article is from BMC Research Notes , volume 7 . Abstract Background: Leptin, an adipocytokine produced by adipose tissue, along with the traditional cardiometabolic risk factors, contributes to the development of cardiovascular complications. At the same time, ethnic features of adipocytokines have been insufficiently investigated, especially among Asians, who have an increased risk of cardiovascular complications compared with Europeans. Aim of study was to investigate the relationship...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4105887
PubMed Central
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This article is from International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , volume 11 . Abstract Food safety organizations indicate the likelihood of constant human and animal exposure to mycotoxin mixtures as a possible negative public health impact. Risk assessment demonstrates that certain mycotoxins of Aspergillus and Penicillium spp. are toxic and hold a significant genotoxic efficacy at nanomolar concentrations. The aim of the current study was to investigate the potential...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3945573
PubMed Central
by ?or?evic, Jelena; Papp, Zsigmond; Guzsvany, Valeria; Svancara, Ivan; Trtic-Petrovic, Tatjana; Purenovic, Milovan; Vytras, Karel
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This article is from Sensors (Basel, Switzerland) , volume 12 . Abstract This paper summarises the results of voltammetric studies on the herbicide 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1-methoxy-1-methylurea (Linuron), using a carbon paste electrode containing tricresyl phosphate (TCP-CPE) as liquid binder. The principal experimental conditions, such as the pH effect, investigated in Britton-Robinson buffer solutions (pH 2.0–7.0), the peak characteristics for the analyte of interest, or instrumental...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3279205
PubMed Central
by ?or?evic, Veljko; Bras, Marijana; Brajkovic, Lovorka
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This article is from Croatian Medical Journal , volume 53 . Abstract Abstract: We are witnessing an unprecedented development of medical science and personalized medicine. However, technological superiority must not make us lose sight of the physical, psychological, social, and spiritual totality of the patient. The core of the medical profession has always been and will be the relationship between the health professional and the person seeking assistance. However, the traditional relationship...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3428818
PubMed Central
by ?ordic, An?ela; Egelseer, Eva M.; Tesarz, Manfred; Sleytr, Uwe B.; Keller, Walter; Pavkov-Keller, Tea
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This article is from Acta Crystallographica Section F: Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications , volume 68 . Abstract Three different truncation constructs of the S-layer protein SbsC containing domains crucial for self-assembly could be crystallized. Native data were collected for the three crystal forms from crystals that diffracted to 3.4, 2.8 and 1.5 Å resolution.
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3509976
PubMed Central
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This article is from Bjog , volume 121 . Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate if the levonorgestrel-impregnated intrauterine device (LNG-IUS, Mirena®) is safe and effective as therapy for low-risk and medium-risk endometrial hyperplasia compared with oral medroxyprogesterone (MPA). Design: A multicentre randomised trial. Setting: Norway. Population: In all, 170 women aged 30–70 years with low- or medium-risk endometrial hyperplasia who met inclusion criteria....
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4155866
PubMed Central
by ?steras, Nina; Hagen, Kare Birger; Grotle, Margreth; Sand-Svartrud, Anne-Lene; Mowinckel, Petter; Aas, Eline; Kjeken, Ingvild
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This article is from BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders , volume 15 . Abstract Background: Hand osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal diseases in an adult population and may have a large influence on an individual’s functioning, health-related quality of life and participation in society. Several studies have demonstrated that exercises may reduce pain and improve functioning in people with knee OA, with a similar effect suggested for hip OA. For hand OA, available...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3995554
PubMed Central
by ?stergaard, Leif; Aamand, Rasmus; Karabegovic, Sanja; Tietze, Anna; Blicher, Jakob Udby; Mikkelsen, Irene Klaerke; Iversen, Nina Kerting; Secher, Niels; Engedal, Thorbj?rn S?ndergaard; Anzabi, Mariam; Jimenez, Eugenio Gutierrez; Cai, Changsi; Koch, Klaus Ulrik; Naess-Schmidt, Erhard Trillingsgaard; Obel, Annette; Juul, Niels; Rasmussen, Mads; S?rensen, Jens Christian Hedemann
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This article is from Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism , volume 33 . Abstract The mortality after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is 50%, and most survivors suffer severe functional and cognitive deficits. Half of SAH patients deteriorate 5 to 14 days after the initial bleeding, so-called delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI). Although often attributed to vasospasms, DCI may develop in the absence of angiographic vasospasms, and therapeutic reversal of angiographic vasospasms...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3851911
PubMed Central
by ?stergaard, Michael E.; Southwell, Amber L.; Kordasiewicz, Holly; Watt, Andrew T.; Skotte, Niels H.; Doty, Crystal N.; Vaid, Kuljeet; Villanueva, Erika B.; Swayze, Eric E.; Frank Bennett, C.; Hayden, Michael R.; Seth, Punit P.
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This article is from Nucleic Acids Research , volume 41 . Abstract Autosomal dominant diseases such as Huntington’s disease (HD) are caused by a gain of function mutant protein and/or RNA. An ideal treatment for these diseases is to selectively suppress expression of the mutant allele while preserving expression of the wild-type variant. RNase H active antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) or small interfering RNAs can achieve allele selective suppression of gene expression by targeting single...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3834808
PubMed Central
by ?stern, Rune; Fagerheim, Toril; Hjellnes, Helene; Nygard, Bj?rn; Mellgren, Svein Ivar; Nilssen, ?ivind
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This article is from BMC Medical Genetics , volume 15 . Abstract Background: The identification of disease causing, or putative disease causing, mutations in index patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) allows for genetic testing of family members. Relevant variants identified in index patients are of either definite, likely or uncertain pathogenicity. The main objective of this study was to make an evaluation of the family investigations performed as part of the assessment of genetic...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3900263
PubMed Central
by ?stman, Bj?rn; Lin, Randall; Adami, Christoph
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This article is from BMC Evolutionary Biology , volume 14 . Abstract Background: Speciation is driven by many different factors. Among those are trade-offs between different ways an organism utilizes resources, and these trade-offs can constrain the manner in which selection can optimize traits. Limited migration among allopatric populations and species interactions can also drive speciation, but here we ask if trade-offs alone are sufficient to drive speciation in the absence of other factors....
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4067365
PubMed Central
by ?verby, Nina Cecilie; Sonestedt, Emily; Laaksonen, David E.; Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva
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This article is from Food & Nutrition Research , volume 57 . Abstract The aim of this study is to review recent data on dietary fiber (DF) and the glycemic index (GI), with special focus on studies from the Nordic countries regarding cardiometabolic risk factors, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and total mortality. In this study, recent guidelines and scientific background papers or updates on older reports on DF and GI published between 2000 and 2011 from the US, EU, WHO,...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3608853
PubMed Central
by ?ye, Ola Kristoffer; J?rgensen, Katarina M; Hjelle, Sigrun M; Sulen, Andre; Ulvang, Dag Magne; Gjertsen, Bj?rn Tore
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This article is from BMC Bioinformatics , volume 14 . Abstract Background: Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE) is a powerful technique for studying protein isoforms and their modifications. Existing commercial 2D image analysis tools rely on spot detection that limits analysis of complex protein profiles, e.g. spot appearance/disappearance or overlapping spots. Pixel-by-pixel correlation analysis, an analysis technique for identifying relations between protein patterns in gel images and...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3710208
PubMed Central
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This article is from BMC Public Health , volume 12 . Abstract Background: Return to work (RTW) after long-term sick leave can be a long-lasting process where the individual may shift between work and receiving different social security benefits, as well as between part-time and full-time work. This is a challenge in the assessment of RTW outcomes after rehabilitation interventions. The aim of this study was to analyse the probability for RTW, and the probabilities of transitions between...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3490737
PubMed Central
by ?yen, Jannike; Gram Gjesdal, Clara; Nygard, Ottar Kjell; Lie, Stein Atle; Meyer, Haakon E.; Apalset, Ellen Margrete; Ueland, Per Magne; Pedersen, Eva Ringdal; Midttun, ?ivind; Vollset, Stein Emil; Tell, Grethe S.
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This article is from PLoS ONE , volume 9 . Abstract Lower bone mineral density (BMD) in smokers may be attributable to lower body weight or fat mass, rather than to a direct effect of smoking. We analyzed the effects of smoking exposure, assessed by plasma cotinine, and body fat on BMD and the risk of subsequent hip fracture. In the community-based Hordaland Health Study (HUSK), 3003 participants 46–49 years and 2091 subjects 71–74 years were included. Cotinine was measured in plasma and...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3965480
PubMed Central
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This article is from BMC Pediatrics , volume 14 . Abstract Background: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is commonly used to relieve respiratory distress in infants with bronchiolitis, but has mostly been studied in an intensive care setting. Our prime aim was to evaluate the feasibility of CPAP for infants with bronchiolitis in a general paediatric ward, and secondary to assess capillary PCO2 (cPCO2) levels before and during treatment. Methods: From May 1st 2008 to April 30th 2012,...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4020573
PubMed Central
by ?ynebraten, Inger; Hinkula, Jorma; Fredriksen, Agnete B.; Bogen, Bjarne
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This article is from PLoS ONE , volume 9 . Abstract DNA vaccines based on subunits from pathogens have several advantages over other vaccine strategies. DNA vaccines can easily be modified, they show good safety profiles, are stable and inexpensive to produce, and the immune response can be focused to the antigen of interest. However, the immunogenicity of DNA vaccines which is generally quite low needs to be improved. Electroporation and co-delivery of genetically encoded immune adjuvants are...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4133255
PubMed Central
by A Dafalla, Azza; Hassan Abubakr, Neamat; E Ibrahim, Yahia
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This article is from Iranian Endodontic Journal , volume 5 . Abstract Introduction: The aim of the present study was to compare hand stainless steel K-files and Nickel-Titanium Profile 0.04 taper 29 series rotary instruments for their efficiency, procedural errors and time consumed in preparation of root canal system.Materials and Methods: A total of 46 maxillary and mandibular first premolars extracted for orthodontic purposes were collected (two contralateral teeth from each individual). The...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4004794
PubMed Central
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This article is from Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research : IJPR , volume 13 . Abstract Methanol extracts of Callistemon viminalis (Sol. Ex Gaertner) G.Don Ex Loudon fruits, bark and leaves were tested for molluscicidal activity. Snails were collected and kept in dechlorinated water under standard condition. Ten adults Biomphalaria Alexandrina, of the same size, were introduced in plastic acquaria for each experiment. The fruits, barks and leaves were extracted with methanol and the...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4157025
PubMed Central
by A Hamid, Mohamad Shariff; Mohamed Ali, Mohamed Razif; Yusof, Ashril; George, John
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This article is from BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders , volume 13 . Abstract Background: Muscle injuries are one of the commonest injuries affecting athletes. It often leads to significant pain and disability causing loss of training and competition time. With current treatment, the duration to return-to-play ranges form six weeks to never, depending on injury severity. Recent researches have suggested that autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection into the injured site may hasten soft...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3493370
PubMed Central
by A Wustman, Brandon; Steele, John W; Sjoberg, Eric R; Stevens, Anthony C
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This article is from eLife , volume 3 . Abstract A small molecule called EMD 57033 can repair motor proteins that have stopped working as a result of stress.
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3920479
PubMed Central
by A da Fonseca, Marcio; Thikkurissy, S
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This article is from International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry , volume 2 . Abstract The melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy (MNTI) is a rare benign neoplasm of neural crest origin most commonly found in the anterior region of the maxilla. The tumor almost always develops during the first year of life, although in some cases it can be present at birth. MNTI’s present as a rapidly growing, painless expansile, partly pigmented mass. They are usually unencapsulated, with a...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4086571
PubMed Central
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This article is from International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry , volume 1 . Abstract Aims: The aim of this study was to estimate the count of Streptococcus mutans in saliva of caries free children using Dentocult SM strip mutans and to evaluate the effect of fluoride varnish on the Streptococcus mutans count in saliva of these caries free children.Methods and material: Thirty caries free children were selected for the study based on the information obtained from a questionnaire...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4086538
PubMed Central
by A, Deepti; S, Shifa; MS, Muthu; Prabhu V, Rathna
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This article is from International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry , volume 1 . Abstract This is a rare case report of apexification in an immature permanent mandibular first molar. Calcium hydroxide was used for apical root closure of both the mesial and distal canals. Root closure occurred after 13 months following which obturation of the tooth was completed.
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4086544
PubMed Central
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This article is from Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences , volume 30 . Abstract Background & Objectives: We report 17 years outcome of subsequent pregnancies of women with severe Mitral Stenosis (MS) who underwent Mitral Balloon Valvuloplasty (MBV) during pregnancy and the follow up of the children born of such pregnancies.Methods: Twenty three pregnant patients suffering from severe MS (NYHA-New York Heart Association class III/IV) who underwent MBV by Inoue balloon catheter technique...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3955548
PubMed Central
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This article is from The Open Orthopaedics Journal , volume 8 . Abstract Negative pressure wound therapy is a popular treatment for the management of both acute and chronic wounds. Its use in trauma and orthopedics is diverse and includes the acute traumatic setting as well as chronic troublesome wounds associated with pressure sores and diabetic foot surgery. Efforts have been made to provide an evidence base to guide its use however this has been limited by a lack of good quality evidence....
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4110388
PubMed Central
by A, Taccaliti; F, Silvetti; G, Palmonella; M, Boscaro
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This article is from Current Genomics , volume 12 . Abstract Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a rare calcitonin producing neuroendocrine tumour that originates from the parafollicular C-cells of the thyroid gland. The RET proto-oncogene encodes the RET receptor tyrosine kinase, with consequently essential roles in cell survival, differentiation and proliferation. Somatic or germline mutations of the RET gene play an important role in this neoplasm in development of sporadic and familial...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3271314
PubMed Central
by A, Tuli; U, Rehani; A, Aggrawal
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This article is from International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry , volume 2 . Abstract Background and objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of caries in children aged 8-13 years having dental fluorosis and to determine the correlation between the grades of dental fluorosis and caries.Material and methods: 451 school children in the age group of 8-13 years were selected for the study and were divided into six age groups. The children were assessed for dental...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4086563
PubMed Central
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This article is from Frontiers in Immunology , volume 5 . Abstract Clearance of apoptotic cells by macrophages occurs as a coordinated process to ensure tissue homeostasis. Macrophages play a dual role in this process; first, a rapid and efficient phagocytosis of the dying cells is needed to eliminate uncleared corpses that can promote inflammation. Second, after engulfment, macrophages exhibit an anti-inflammatory phenotype, to avoid unwanted immune reactions against cell components. Several...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4026730
PubMed Central
by A. Al-Sherikh, Yazeed; K. Gowda, Lakshmana; Mohammed Ali, M. Marie; John, James; Khaled Homoud Mohammed, Dabwan; Chikkabidare Shashidhar, Pradeep
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This article is from Annals of Laboratory Medicine , volume 34 . Abstract Background: Streptococcus pneumoniae causes life-threatening infections such as meningitis, pneumonia, and febrile bacteremia, particularly in young children. The increasing number of drug-resistant isolates has highlighted the necessity for intervening and controlling disease. To achieve this, information is needed on serotype distribution and patterns of antibiotic resistance in children. Methods: All cases of invasive...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3999319
PubMed Central
by A. Bejiqi, Ramush; J. Retkoceri, Ragip; Sh. Bejiqi, Hana
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This article is from Acta Informatica Medica , volume 19 . Abstract We report a case of a child, with a rare form of the idiopathic hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, associated with mid-cavity obstruction and high intraventricular peak pressure. Cardiomyopathy, diagnosed antenataly, was followed postnataly and, despite of a lot echocardiographic findings - the growing, development and clinical signs are minimal.
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3564173
PubMed Central
by A. Hamed, Othman; Mehdawi, Noha; Abu Taha, Adham; M. Hamed, Emad; A. Al-Nuri, Mohammed; S. Hussein, Ayman
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This article is from Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research : IJPR , volume 12 . Abstract A series of curcumin derivatives containing heterocyclic moiety have been synthesized and evaluated for their antibacterial activities. The chemical structures of the synthesized compounds were verified on the basis of spectral data and elemental analyses. Investigation of antimicrobial activity of the derivatives demonstrated the ability to inhibit Gram-positive microorganisms with zone of inhibition...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3813224
PubMed Central
by A. Hamid, Mohamad Shariff; Jaafar, Zulkarnain; Mohd Ali, Azril Syazwan
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This article is from PLoS ONE , volume 9 . Abstract Objective: In Malaysia, futsal is a popular sport played by individuals across all ages and genders. Despite its popularity, information on futsal related injury in Malaysia is not available. The purpose of this study is to examine the injury incidence and injury patterns among amateur men and women futsal players in Malaysia. Methods: Players reported injury to the tournament medical team during the FELDA/FAM National Futsal League 2010 were...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3986338
PubMed Central
by A. Hamid, Mohamad Shariff; Yusof, Ashril; Mohamed Ali, Mohamed Razif
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This article is from PLoS ONE , volume 9 . Abstract Introduction: Acute muscle injury is one of the commonest injuries that often result in loss of training and competition time. The best management for muscle injury has not been identified. Sports medicine practitioners used several approaches in attempt to accelerate time to recovery from muscle injury. More recently growing interest focussed on autologous blood product injection. Methods: A literature search was conducted systematically...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3938769
PubMed Central
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This article is from Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology , volume 2 . Abstract In order to determine the effect of intracorneal rings (Intacs SK), when implanted in keratoconic patients, on corneal curvature, Uncorrected Visual Acuity (UCVA), Best Corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) and on the progression of the cone through three years follow-up period. In this prospective nonrandomized study 114 eyes of 71 keratoconic patients (38 females and 33 males) were implanted with...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3939749
PubMed Central
by A. Jacobs, Kerrin
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This article is from Frontiers in Psychology , volume 4 . Abstract From a naturalistic perspective on mental illness, depression is often described in terms of biological dysfunctions, while a normative perspective emphasizes the lived experience of depression as a harmful condition. The paper relates a conceptual analysis of “depressive situation” to an analysis of the lived experience of depression. As such, it predominantly aims to specify depression as a harmful condition in lights of...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3713339
PubMed Central
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This article is from Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology , volume 1 . Abstract In the United States, 20,000 patients each year lose their sight from diabetic retinopathy. The cause has been attributed to a failure of control of glucose levels. Recent studies have challenged this, and have suggested that there is no evidence for a consistent glycemic threshold in various populations relating to the incidence of retinopathy. The Ehrlichia have been recently suggested as...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3939746
PubMed Central
by A. Kulikowski, Casimir
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This article is from Acta Informatica Medica , volume 22 . Abstract At the meeting of the IMIA Board in 2009 in Hiroshima, it approved an IMIA 50th Anniversary History Project to produce a historical volume and other materials to commemorate the anniversary of the foundation of the predecessor of IMIA–the IFIP-TC4 in 1967. A Taskforce was organized under the direction of Casimir Kulikowski, then the VP for Services of IMIA, and since that time it has met regularly to plan and implement the...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3947943
PubMed Central
by A. Martillo, Miguel; Marsiglia, Marcela; D. Lee, Michele; Pumariega, Nicole; Bearelly, Srilaxmi; Smith, R. Theodore
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This article is from Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology , volume 1 . Abstract The etiology of reticular macular disease (RMD), a sub-phenotype of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is controversial and has not been clarified. RMD is suspected to be a multifactorial, complex disease with genetic, environmental, and systemic factors playing an important role in its origin. Findings from combinations of different imaging modalities suggest that the pattern that...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3939745
PubMed Central
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This article is from Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology , volume 2 . Abstract Investigations of choroidal vasculature have been of particular interest given choroidal vascular dysfunction are thought to be related with a number pathologic conditions such as central serous chorioretinopathy and various forms of AMD, including polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy. On the other hand, en face imaging of the choroid allows an exceptional alternative to histopathologic...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3939757
PubMed Central
by A?mann, Marc; Bayer, Manfred
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This article is from Scientific Reports , volume 3 . Abstract Compressive sensing is considered a huge breakthrough in signal acquisition. It allows recording an image consisting of N2 pixels using much fewer than N2 measurements if it can be transformed to a basis where most pixels take on negligibly small values. Standard compressive sensing techniques suffer from the computational overhead needed to reconstruct an image with typical computation times between hours and days and are thus not...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3607834
PubMed Central
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This article is from Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences , volume 30 . Abstract Background and Objectives: Hands of ready-to-eat food service employees have been shown to be vectors in the spread of foodborne disease, mainly because of poor personal hygiene and accounting for approximately 97% of food borne illnesses in food service establishments and homes. Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of hand washing practices and sanitation before commencing work among food handlers in the...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4121692
PubMed Central
by ABAT, DENIZ; DEMIRHAN, OSMAN; INANDIKLIOGLU, NIHAL; TUNC, ERDAL; ERDOGAN, SEYDA; TASTEMIR, DENIZ; USLU, INAYET NUR; TANSUG, ZUHTU
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This article is from Oncology Letters , volume 8 . Abstract A majority of patients with bladder cancer present with superficial disease and subsequently, some patients show progression to muscle invasive or metastatic disease. Bladder cancer has a complex genetic process and identification of the genetic alterations which occur during progression may lead to the understanding of the nature of the disease and provide the possibility of early treatment. The aim of the present study was to compare...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4063627
PubMed Central
by ABBAS, Asad; AFZAL, Kamran; MUJEEB, Athar Abdul; SHAHAB, Tabassum; KHALID, Mohammad
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This article is from Iranian Journal of Child Neurology , volume 7 . Abstract Spontaneous ventral spinal epidural hematomas are extremely rare in children and clinically recognized by the appearance of acute asymmetric focal motor and sensory involvement. In infants, the initial presenting symptoms are very non-specific and irritability is often the only initial manifestation. Appearance of other neurological signs may be delayed up to hours or even days later. In the absence of significant...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3943033
PubMed Central
by ABBASKHANIAN, Ali; EHTESHAMI, Sara; SAJJADI, Sadegh; REZAI, Mohammad Sadegh
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This article is from Iranian Journal of Child Neurology , volume 6 . Abstract Objective: Breath holding spells (BHS) are common paroxysmal non-epileptic events in the pediatric population which are very stressfull despite their harmless nature. There has been no specific treatment found for the spells yet. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of piracetam (2-oxo-l-pyrrolidine) on these children. Materials & Methods: In this randomized double blind clinical trial study, 150...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3943019
PubMed Central
by ABDALLAH, AHMED; BELAL, MOHAMED; EL BASTAWISY, AHMED; GAAFAR, RABAB
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This article is from Oncology Letters , volume 7 . Abstract Currently, there is no serum marker that is routinely recommended for lung cancer. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to demonstrate that plasma vascular endothelial growth factor 165 (VEGF 165) may be a potential marker for advanced lung cancer. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide, therefore, it is important to develop novel diagnostic techniques. The present prospective case control study...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4049695
PubMed Central
by ABDI, Jahangir; TAHERIKALANI, Morovat; ASADOLAHI, Kheirolah; EMANEINI, Mohammad
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This article is from Iranian Journal of Parasitology , volume 8 . Abstract Background: Hydatidosis is a zoonotic disease of global prevalence. It causes considerable health problems and economic losses throughout the world, including Iran. The objective of this study was to assess the current status of echinococcosis/hydatidosis in the province of Ilam (western Iran). Methods: From April to September 2011, 65 stray dogs were collected from urban and rural areas of Ilam City. Parasites were...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3887243
PubMed Central
by ABDINIA, Babak; BARZEGAR, Mohammad; MALAKI, Majid; BEHBOD, Haleh; OSKOUI, Shahram
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This article is from Iranian Journal of Child Neurology , volume 7 . Abstract Objective: Brucellosis is an endemic zoonosis in Iran. It is a systemic infection that can involve any organs or systems of the body and have variable presentations. Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt infections due to brucellosis have been rarely reported in the literatures. This is the history of a four years old boy who developed Brucella meningoencephalitis at the age of 42 months, whilst he had a VP shunt in situ...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3943078
PubMed Central
by ACAR, B.; DEGERLI, S.; SAHIN, S.; KARASEN, R.M.
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This article is from Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica , volume 30 . Abstract The aim of this study was to determine middle ear pressure changes during the operation performed under anaesthesia induced by isoflurane or desflurane. This was a prospective, case–control study. A total of 38 children with no middle ear pathology scheduled for inguinal hernia surgery were included in the study. Group I (n = 22) received isoflurane and Group II (n = 16) received desflurane. Baseline tympanometry...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3146316
This article is from Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica , volume 32 . Abstract The objective of the present study was to compare the efficacy of functional endoscopic dilatation sinus surgery (FEDS) with functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) in treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis in patients who failed medical therapy. We enrolled 24 patients suffering with chronic rhinosinusitis, who failed medical treatment and were proceeding to surgery, in a prospective, randomized controlled pilot...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3546409
PubMed Central
by ACKERMANN, MAXIMILIAN; PABST, ANDREAS M.; HOUDEK, JAN P.; ZIEBART, THOMAS; KONERDING, MORITZ A.
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This article is from International Journal of Molecular Medicine , volume 33 . Abstract In the present study, we investigated whether proangiogenic growth factors and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) induce favourable effects on cutaneous incisional wound healing in diabetic mice. The proangiogenic effects of human EPCs were initially analyzed using a HUVEC in vitro angiogenesis assay and an in vivo Matrigel assay in nude mice (n=12). For the diabetic wound model, 48 Balb/c mice with...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3976131
PubMed Central
by ADACHI, MAKOTO; INAGAKI, TOSHIHIRO; EHARA, YUICHI; AZUMA, MUNEHIRO; KURENUMA, AYUMI; MOTOHASHI, MASAYUKI; MURAMATSU, YASUNORI
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This article is from Oncology Letters , volume 8 . Abstract Cyst-like lesions in the mandible rarely develop into malignancies, and the reported incidence is between 0.3 and 2%. The present study describes a rare case of primary intraosseous squamous cell carcinoma of the mandible arising from an odontogenic cyst. A 59-year-old female was referred to Asahi University Murakami Memorial Hospital (Gifu, Japan), with acute pain in the right molars. An initial examination revealed buccal swelling...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4114598
PubMed Central
by ADACHI, Noritaka; YAMAGUCHI, Daisuke; WATANABE, Akiyuki; MIURA, Narumi; SUNAGA, Seiji; OISHI, Hitoshi; HASHIMOTO, Michiko; OISHI, Takatsugu; IWAMOTO, Masaki; HANADA, Hirofumi; KUBO, Masanori; ONISHI, Akira
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This article is from The Journal of Reproduction and Development , volume 60 . Abstract The objective of this study was to examine the health and meat production of cloned sows and their progenies in order to demonstrate the application of somatic cell cloning to the pig industry. This study compared the growth, reproductive performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of Landrace cloned sows, F1 progenies and F2 progenies. We measured their body weight, growth rate and feed conversion...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3999388
PubMed Central
by ADACHI, YASUSHI; KOSAMI, KOKI; MIZUTA, NORITOSHI; ITO, MITSUHIRO; MATSUOKA, YUKI; KANATA, MAMI; AKIYAMA, HAJIME; MURAO, TOMOKO; LI, MING; IEKI, RYUJI; IKEHARA, SUSUMU
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This article is from Oncology Letters , volume 7 . Abstract Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) is a rare subtype of B-cell lymphoma characterized by selective growth of clonal B-cells in the lumen of the small vessels of various organs including the liver, spleen, lungs, skin, brain, and kidney. An 86-year-old male presented with weight loss, fever and night sweats (known as B symptoms). Blood examination revealed pancytopenia, high lactate dehydrogenase and high soluble interleukin-2...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4049734
PubMed Central
by ADACHI, YASUSHI; TSUTA, KOJI; HIRANO, RYUJI; TANAKA, JIN; MINAMINO, KEIZO; SHIMO, TOMOHIKO; IKEHARA, SUSUMU
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This article is from Oncology Letters , volume 7 . Abstract Pulmonary sclerosing hemangioma (SH) is an uncommon benign or low-grade malignant tumor. Multicentric SH and SH with lymph node metastasis have rarely been reported. The present report describes a case of pulmonary SH with lymph node metastasis in a middle-aged female. A nodule was found incidentally in the lower left lung. The patient underwent left lower pulmonary lobectomy and lymph node dissection. Histologically, the nodule...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3961406
PubMed Central
by ADAM, G.; SIRBU, O.; VOICU, C.; DOMINIC, D.; TUDORACHE, STEFANIA; CERNEA, N.
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This article is from Current Health Sciences Journal , volume 40 . Abstract Objectives: The main objective of this study was to observe the behavior of the fetal head position during labor, when starting from occiput anterior or posterior position and also to determine their importance in labor management (if the starting fetal head position can be a strong argument in favour of vaginal or cesarean delivery). Methods:187 patients in labor were included in this study, with gestational age over...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4006330
PubMed Central
by ADANI, FLAVIA; FORGIARINI, MATTEO; GUASTI, MARIA TERESA; VAN DER LELY, HEATHER K. J.
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This article is from Journal of Child Language , volume 41 . Abstract This study investigates whether number dissimilarities on subject and object DPs facilitate the comprehension of subject- and object-extracted centre-embedded relative clauses in children with Grammatical Specific Language Impairment (G-SLI). We compared the performance of a group of English-speaking children with G-SLI (mean age: 12;11) with that of two groups of younger typically developing (TD) children, matched on grammar...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4068306
PubMed Central
by ADAWI, AZMI; BISIGNANO, CARLO; GENOVESE, TIZIANA; FILOCAMO, ANGELA; KHOURI-ASSI, CAMELLIA; NEVILLE, ANAT; FEUERSTEIN, GIORA Z.; CUZZOCREA, SALVATORE; NEVILLE, LEWIS F.
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This article is from International Journal of Molecular Medicine , volume 30 . Abstract The development of an anti-bacterial drug in the form of a monoclonal antibody (mAb) targeting an exposed virulence factor, represents an innovative therapeutic strategy. Consequently, a fully human IgG1 mAb (LST-007) targeting Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) flagellin type b was recombinantly expressed and characterized in vitro and in an infection model driven by a multidrug resistant (MDR) PA strain. LST-007...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3573743
PubMed Central
by ADDEO, RAFFAELE; NAPOLITANO, ALBERTO; MONTELLA, LILIANA; RICCIARDIELLO, FILIPPO
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This article is from Oncology Letters , volume 8 . Abstract Elderly patients with cancer are frequently undertreated as they are considered to be unfit for treatment due to inaccurate estimations of the operative risk. In the current study, the case of an 81-year-old female smoker with advanced breast cancer is presented. The patient had received numerous cycles of chemo- and hormonal therapy and the cancer only progressed locally. After six years, the patient developed a second type of cancer;...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4063625
PubMed Central
by ADEKANLE, Daniel Adebode; OPARINDE, Dolapo Pius; ATIBA, Adeniran Samuel; AKINTAYO, Akinyemi Akinsoji
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This article is from International Journal of Biomedical Science : IJBS , volume 9 . Abstract Background:: Normal pregnancy has been associated with oxidative stress injury. Oxidative stress has been linked with poor perinatal outcome and birth asphyxia. The severity of this oxidative stress in newborn may be related to stress of different modes of delivery. Methods:: Eighty seven newborn babies were recruited in both labour ward and operating theatre of Ladoke Akintola University of Technology...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3884796