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Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive

The Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE; Peterson Institute), until 2006 the Institute for International Economics (IIE), is a private and non-profit think tank focused on international economics, based in Washington, D.C. It was founded by C. Fred Bergsten in 1981, and is led by Adam S. Posen. According to the 2015 Global Go To Think Tank Index Report (Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program, University of Pennsylvania), PIIE was number 20 (of 150) in the "Top Think Tanks World...



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Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Monica de Bolle argues that sanctioning Venezuelaâs oil company PDVSA will worsen the country's humanitarian crisis but will likely not change President Nicolas Maduro's behavior.
Topics: sanctions, United States, Latin America & Caribbean
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist survey listeners and conduct interviews from the WTO Ministerial meeting in Buenos Aires, to describe some of the more bizarre - and fascinating - barriers to international trade found in human history. They analyze the economics of policies applied in countries around the world that affect bicycles and skis, the Internet, video cassette recorders and pirated movies, as well as alcohol, chocolate, and tobacco.
Topics: World Trade Organization, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown have a wide-ranging conversation with Dani Rodrik (Harvard Kennedy School) about trade agreements. In Part 1 of this 4-episode conversation, they discuss the purpose of such deals, the gains from easing labor market restrictions, and Daniâs views on inserting provisions into free trade agreements regarding intellectual property rights protection, investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS), and rules of origin.
Topics: Labor Disputes, Intellectual Property Rights, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown have a wide-ranging conversation with Dani Rodrik (Harvard Kennedy School) about trade agreements. In Part 3 of this 4-episode conversation, they discuss concerns with how economists have explained the costs and benefits of trade deals to the public, the role of social safety nets, and adjustment programs to address trade âshocksâ such as NAFTA and Chinaâs entry into the WTO, as well as President Trumpâs approach to trade...
Topic: Trade
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss an ongoing trade dispute involving large civil aircraft jets, Bombardier and Boeing, as well as the governments of Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The dispute involves subsidies, the Trump administration’s potential imposition of tariffs, and the high-stakes politics of putting Quebec and Northern Ireland jobs at risk.
Topics: trade, trade disputes, Bombardier, Boeing, United States
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the controversy surrounding the US washing machine market and update the solar panels case, in light of President Trump's decision to impose safeguard tariffs under Section 201 of the Trade Act of 1974. For washers, they describe the history of US mergers in the industry; earlier US antidumping and countervailing duties imposed on South Korea, Mexico, and China; and decisions by foreign companies to invest in America.
Topics: PIIE, United States, Disputes, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Chad P. Bown have a wide-ranging conversation with Dani Rodrik (Harvard Kennedy School) about trade agreements. In Part 4 of this 4-episode conversation, they provide a "bonus" technical discussion about the state of formal economics research into the purpose of trade agreements. This includes how governments use cooperative trade deals to both stop the spread of international externalities and to tie their own hands with respect to special interests.
Topic: Trade
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown explore the US Department of Commerce findings that imports of steel and aluminum threaten national security and the recommendation that President Trump impose new trade restrictions. They speak with Jennifer Hillman (Georgetown Law) about the trade law in use (Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962), the differences between the proposed tariffs and quotas, the likely costs of such a decision, and the implications for...
Topics: United States, Security, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), the program rich countries use to offer lower tariffs to exporters in developing countries. They discuss a variety of programs - the now expired US GSP scheme, the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), as well as differences with the European Union's GSP, GSP+ and Everything But Arms (EBA) policies. They speak with Emily Blanchard (Tuck School at Dartmouth College) and...
Topics: Emerging Markets, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist talk with PIIE Senior Fellow Douglas Irwin about his recent book "Clashing over Commerce: A History of US Trade Policy" and the role that protectionism played in the US economy during its industrial development of the 19th century. They examine Henry Clay's proposal for an "American system," the Jeffersonian trade embargo of 1807--09, as well as the theoretical arguments for--and the practical arguments...
Topics: PIIE, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of the Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown introduce a weekly and geeky podcast on developments in international trade and policy. This weekâs episode covers the hostsâ favorite trade (short) stories of the year and their very revealing answers to the question: Why trade? The podcastâs official launch is September 1, 2017. Peterson Perspectives interviews will continue to air along with these new trade-specific episodes of Trade Talks
Topics: Trade Policy, PIIE, Chad Bown, Soumaya Keynes, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown speak with Douglas Irwin (PIIE and Dartmouth College) about popular misconceptions around the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act of 1930, the Great Depression, and the global trade wars that ensued. They discuss how the gold standard, tariffs, quotas, exchange controls, imperial preferences, and bartering all fit into the dismantling of the international trading system in the 1930s. They then put President Trumpâs trade policy actions to...
Topics: United States, Disputes, Protectionism, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the issues involved in President Trump’s triggering a “Section 301” investigation of China’s unfair treatment of American intellectual property. This special episode covers two questions: What is forced technology transfer, and is it a problem? Is Trump's approach on China the right one?
Topics: trade policy, China, United States, Chad P Bown, Soumaya Keynes, PIIE
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist focus on the December 2017 World Trade Organization (WTO) Ministerial meeting in Buenos Aires. They describe the contentious negotiations over India's public stockholding program, fishing subsidies, and electronic commerce. They interview author Paul Blustein about his book "Misadventures of the Most Favored Nations: Clashing Egos, Inflated Ambitions, and the Great Shambles of the World Trade System," including the...
Topics: WTO, PIIE, World Trade Organization, Chad P. Bown
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the escalating tariff fight between President Trump and China. They update the status of Trump's "national security" tariffs on steel and aluminum as well as Beijing's retaliation over $3 billion of imports. They also analyze Trump's $50 billion Section 301 tariff proposal, China's $50 billion proposed retaliatory response, before turning to Trump's subsequent $100 billion request for more tariffs...
Topics: United States, China, Disputes, Protectionism, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the evolution of the auto industry in North America. Long before the 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the 1965 Canada-US Auto Pact, Mexican maquiladora program, OPEC-induced oil shocks, voluntary export restraints on Japan, and changing consumer preferences shaped the auto industry. NAFTA led to new cross-border supply chains and geographic clusterings in the American âauto alleyâ as well as in...
Topics: Manufacturing, North American Free Trade Agreement
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes (The Economist) and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown speak with Professor Meredith Crowley (University of Cambridge) about her Brexit research. Crowley describes results from her use of information on product-level UK exports and trade policies to identify the key sectoral risks of Britain exiting the European Union without a new trade deal. She also explains the uncertainty associated with UK exports to the EU facing tariff-rate quotas for agriculture, as well as trade defense...
Topic: Brexit, European Union
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the economics of trade policy. This week they focus on three big fights in the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) renegotiations, as President Donald Trump steers the trade relationship between the United States, Mexico, and Canada on Twitter. The first is about the ability of foreign companies to sue governments under NAFTA; the second is Trump seeking to remove constraints on imposing antidumping and...
Topics: North American Free Trade Agreement, Mexico, Canada, United States, Disputes
PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist discuss the challenges facing the UK government as it seeks negotiations separate from the Brexit talks to maintain existing market access through the European Union's free trade agreements with more than 60 countries. Roughly 15 percent of UK goods trade is with such countries, which include South Korea, Canada, and Mexico. They speak with University of Sussex Professor Michael Gasiorek about complications preventing the...
Topics: European Union, United Kingdom, Free Trade Agreements
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown have a wide-ranging conversation with Dani Rodrik (Harvard Kennedy School) about trade agreements. In Part 2 of this 4-episode conversation, they discuss ways to improve such deals as well as his views on social dumping, labor differences across countries, and inserting labor standards into free trade agreements. The also talk about how enforceable labor standards fit into the original Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement...
Topics: Labor, Free Trade Agreements, Trade Policy
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown talk with PIIE Senior Fellow Caroline Freund about her research on big firms, billionaires, international trade, and economic development. First up is her recent book "Rich People Poor Countries: The Rise of Emerging-Market Tycoons and Their Mega Firms" and the evidence behind the importance of being big in international trade. They also probe the downside of unproductive wealth, the rise of inefficient behemoths in...
Topics: Emerging Markets, inequality, trade policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown focus on the Trump administration's approach to the World Trade Organization (WTO). The episode describes US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer's recently articulated positions involving WTO dispute settlement rulings adverse to the United States (e.g., 'zeroing'), a looming crisis in Geneva that threatens the WTOâs independent Appellate Body, and the administration's approach toward 'mercantilist China' - inside or...
Topics: United States, WTO, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Zbigniew Brzezinski, former US National Security Advisor, delivered the keynote address at the Peterson Institute on July 7, 2011, at the conference "Ukraineâs Future: The Challenges and Impact of Governance in Ukraine," cohosted by the Peterson Institute for International Economics, the Center on the United States and Europe at Brookings, and the Atlantic Council.
Topics: Ukraine, governance, Steven Pifer, Pavlo Klimkin, Damon Wilson, Anders Åslund, Adrian...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown explain developments resulting from President Trump's announcement of new "national security" import tariffs on steel and aluminum. They discuss those countries hit with -- and those excluded from -- the tariffs, the implications for the NAFTA negotiations, and the process for more countries to seek exemption. They describe the European Union's potential response of immediate retaliation and the imposition of its own...
Topics: United States, Security, Commodities, Protectionism, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown talk with PIIE Senior Fellow Marcus Noland about his research on implementing trade sanctions on North Korea. First up is his recent book with Stephan Haggard (PIIE) "Hard Target: Sanctions, Inducements, and the Case of North Korea" and the evidence behind the effectiveness of using trade policy to bring about change in North Korea. They discuss the implications of North Korea's periods of autarky, and the commitment...
Topics: Trade, Chad Bown, PIIE, Soumaya Keynes, PIIE, North Korea
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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On the occasion of its 70th anniversary, PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist focus on the origins of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, or GATT. They speak with the authors of "The Genesis of the GATT" (Cambridge University Press)--Professors Douglas Irwin, Petros Mavroidis, and Alan Sykes--about the gripping lead-up to the signing of the transformative trade agreement on October 30, 1947. The American Smoot-Hawley tariffs, British Imperial...
Topics: WTO, Trade Policy, Chad Bown, Soumaya Keynes, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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This week Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes focus on the South Korea-US free trade agreement (KORUS) and President Donald Trump's unhappiness with it, as his administration alternates between threats of withdrawal and renegotiation. The episode chronicles the rocky negotiating history of the deal, explains the role of professional economists in advising trade policymakers, and evaluates the performance of KORUS five years after it was finally implemented.
Topics: trade, South Korea, United States, Soumaya Keynes, Chad Bown
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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John Williamson, who coined the phrase âWashington Consensus,â dispels the myths, clichés, and misunderstandings surrounding it and the Beijing Consensus that some say is now ascendant.
Topics: Washington Consensus, Beijing Consensus, China, United States, John Williamson, Peterson Institute,...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist focus on a huge WTO dispute in which China is suing the European Union and the United States over their refusal to treat it as a market economy, meaning they will not put lower duties on Chinese exports. They discuss how China’s economy has evolved over time and how to define a 'market economy.' Special features include Keynes’s interview with European Commissioner for Trade, Cecilia Malmström, and conversations about the...
Topics: Trade, Chad P Bown, China, EU, PIIE, Soumaya Keynes
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown have a conversation with Ana Swanson from The New York Times about trade and journalism. They discuss encounters relating to steel, aluminum, softwood lumber and lobsters, as well as the surprises along the way, and how to strike a balance between data and anecdotes.
Topic: Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown explain the Chinese economic development strategy at the core of the Trump administration's Section 301 dispute and latest tariff threats. They discuss Beijing's "Made in China 2025" industrial policy, how technology gets transferred, and the tradeoffs American companies face when doing business in China.
Topic: United States, China,Trade & Investment, Intellectual Property Rights
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist discuss the economics of trade policy. This week they examine the impact of international trade on economic activity within developing countries like India, Vietnam and Brazil. They talk with Professor Nina Pavcnik of Dartmouth College about her research on how trade liberalization has impacted workers and firms, what affects their ability to adjust, and the implications for poverty reduction and inequality. They also discuss...
Topics: Emerging Markets, Globalization, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist focus this week on the costs of increased uncertainty generated by President Trump's threat to rip up US trade agreements as well as the United Kingdom's Brexit vote to leave the European Union. Professor Nuno Limão of the University of Maryland joins to discuss his recent research on how trade agreements reduce investment uncertainty and provides insight from Portugal's 1986 entry to the European Community, China's 2001 entry...
Topics: United States, Political Economy, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute
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C. Fred Bergsten suggests the United States bring China into leadership of the global economy at the highest level to deal more effectively with common interests and to give China a larger stake in the existing order.
Topics: China, United States, global economy, Bergsten, Peterson Institute, Institute for International...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Edwin M. Truman says the sovereign wealth fund scoreboard prepared by him and Sarah Stone shows that these funds have more work to do to achieve full transparency and accountability.
Topics: Capital Markets, Regulations, Governance, Government
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Gary Clyde Hufbauer argues that criticism of the ISDS is largely unwarranted, but improvements in its procedures and processes are warranted.
Topics: free trade agreements, PIIE, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Jeroen Dijsselbloem, minister of finance of the Netherlands, discusses economic and financial reforms at a PIIE event on April 14, 2016. For more information, visit: http://piie.com/events/event_detail.cfm?EventID=439
Topics: Peterson Institute for International Economics, PIIE, Jeroen Dijsselbloem
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Carmen M. Reinhart explains that debt crises lead to "financial repression," which can take different forms, with some alternatives having better outcomes than others.
Topics: debt, financial repression, financial crisis, Carmen Reinhart, Peterson Institute for International...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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The Peterson Institute released the latest book by senior fellow Anders Aslund, Russia?s Capitalist Revolution: Why Market Reform Succeeded and Democracy Failed, at a meeting on November 19, 2007. Author Aslund presented the major conclusions from his book and was joined in discussion by well-known Russian historian and Harvard Professor Richard Pipes and Andrei N. Illarionov, former economic adviser to President Vladimir Putin. Anders Aslund joined the Institute in January 2006 after spending...
Topics: Russia, Anders Aslund, Peterson Institute, economics, market reform, capitalist revolution,...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Stuart Eizenstat, Covington & Burling; Dean DeRosa, ADR International Ltd; Antoine Bouët, International Food Policy Research Institute; and Gary Clyde Hufbauer, Peterson Institute, presented research papers on prospects for global and regional integration in the Maghreb countries (Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia) at a Peterson Institute event held May 29, 2008.
Topics: Maghreb, Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia, Peterson Institute, Institute for...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Harvard Professor Dani Rodrik and PIIE Senior Fellows Gary Clyde Hufbauer and William R. Cline take audience questions concerning Rodrik's new book, The Globalization Paradox: Democracy and the Future of the World Economy, at an event held at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, May 4, 2011.
Topics: globalization, world economy, democracy, Dani Rodrik, Gary Hufbauer, William Cline, Peterson...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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PIIE Senior Fellow Gary Clyde Hufbauer comments on Dani Rodrik's new book, The Globalization Paradox: Democracy and the Future of the World Economy, at an event held at the Peterson Institute for International Economics on May 4, 2011.
Topics: globalization, world economy, democracy, Dani Rodrik, Gary Hufbauer, William Cline, Peterson...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Alexei Kudrin, Russian deputy prime minister and minister of finance, speaks about the Russian economy and trade at the Russian Economy and US-Russian Relations conference, held at the Peterson Institute April 15, 2011. For more information, visit http://www.piie.com/events/event_detail.cfm?EventID=177.
Topics: Russia, World Trade Organization, WTO, United States, trade, PNTR, Alexei Kudrin
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist examine the new Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP). They discuss how 11 persistent countries pulled the original TPP deal from President Trump's dustbin and pushed toward agreement by suspending certain important elements. They also speak with PIIE Senior Fellow Jeffrey J. Schott about the motivation behind the agreement for countries like Japan, Australia, Malaysia, Vietnam, Mexico,...
Topics: United States, Trans-Pacific Partnership
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Jacob Kirkegaard, coauthor of US Pension Reform: Lessons from Other Countries , assesses the vulnerabilities of the American pension system and how other countries are tackling the same problems.
Topics: keywords: social security, pension, United States, Jacob Kirkegaard, Peterson Institute, Institute...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Joseph E. Gagnon evaluates the impact of an increasingly interventionist European Central Bank and its coordinated efforts with the US Federal Reserve and other central banks.
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Topics: European Central Bank, ECB, euro area, eurozone, debt crisis, central banks, US Federal Reserve,...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Ambassadors Aziz Mekouar (Morocco), Mohamed Nejib Hachana (Tunisia), and Stuart Eizenstat (Political economy) made closing remarks on prospects for global and regional integration in the Maghreb countries (Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia) at a Peterson Institute event held May 29, 2008.
Topics: Maghreb, Algeria, Libya, Stuart Eizenstat (Political economy), Morocco, Tunisia, Peterson...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Mohsin S. Khan describes Egypt's refusal of aid from the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund as a setback for economic reform in the post-Mubarak era.
Topics: Egypt, Arab Spring, Mubarak, economic reform, Mohsin Khan, Peterson Institute for International...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Anna Gelpern says the Argentina's deal with so-called "holdout" creditors may be positive in the short run, but it could set a bad precedent for future debt restructurings that might encourage unequal settlements and more litigation.
Topics: Argentina, debt, debt restructuring, Anna Gelpern, Peterson Institute for International Economics,...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes (The Economist) and Chad Bown (PIIE) focus on the Trump administration's risking a trade war, after the president started a Section 232 investigation into whether steel and aluminum imports are a threat to US national security. The episode describes the controversial law that the president triggered, the international response that included threats of retaliation, and the economic problems of both the underlying Chinese overcapacity as well as the administration's potential trade...
Topics: United States, China, Disputes, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Paolo Mauro and Anders Aslund debate whether the austerity undertaken by Greece has been sufficient to merit more help from Europe.
Topics: Greece, austerity, fiscal policy, European Union, debt, Paolo Mauro, Anders Aslund, Peterson...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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David J. Stockton discusses the implications and risks in the US Federal Reserve reducing its $4.5 trillion balance sheet.
Topic: US Federal Reserve
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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The Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE) and the World Economic Forumâs Global Agenda Council on Trade and Foreign Direct Investment launch the World Economic Forum study, âMega-regional Trade Agreements: Game-Changers or Costly Distractions for the World Trading System?â on July 9, 2014, at PIIE. Presenters include Gary Clyde Hufbauer, PIIE, and members of the WEF Global Agenda Council on Trade and Foreign Direct Investment: Karan Bhatia, Uri Dadush, and Anabel Gonzalez....
Topics: World Economic Forum, WEF, trade, Gary Hufbauer, Karan Bhatia, Uri Dadush, Anabel Gonzalez, world...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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David J. Stockton says the US economic outlook is strong and full employment is close at hand, which should allow the Fed to gradually raise interest ratesâalthough President-elect Trump introduces new uncertainties.
Topics: United States, economic outlook
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Simeon Djankov says early estimates indicate that Brexit will reduce Londonâs revenue by 12 to 18 percent and employment by 7 to 8 percent.
Topics: United Kingdom, European Union, banking
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist examine what a no-deal Brexit would look like, or the economic implications if Britain were to split from the European Union without a new trade deal. They talk with Professor Swati Dhingra of the London School of Economics about her research on what reverting to World Trade Organization (WTO) tariffs would mean for the United Kingdom. They also discuss looming nontariff barriers to trade in sectors like pharmaceuticals,...
Topics: European Union, United Kingdom, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Harvard Professor Dani Rodrik presents the conclusions of his new book, The Globalization Paradox: Democracy and the Future of the World Economy, at an event held at the Peterson Institute for International Economics on May 4, 2011.
Topics: globalization, world economy, democracy, Dani Rodrik, Gary Hufbauer, William Cline, Peterson...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
audio

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The Americas Society and the Peterson Institute for International Economics cohosted the launch of the Winter 2012 issue of Americas Quarterly, "Chinaâs Global Rise: Implications for the Americas," on February 15, 2012. Theodore Moran and Barbara Kotschwar, PIIE, and Kimberly Ann Elliott, Center for Global Development, presented their research on Chinese investment in natural resources extraction.
Topics: China, Latin America, natural resources, mining, resource extraction, Americas, foreign direct...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Nicholas R. Lardy says the United States will use the visit of Vice President Xi Jin Ping to assess where US-China relations are going in the next decade.
Topics: China, United States, Xi Jin Ping, Nicholas Lardy, Peterson Institute for International Economics,...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Anders Borg, chair of the Global Financial System Initiative at the World Economic Forum, leads a discussion on fintech, disruption, and financial stability on April 19, 2017, at the Peterson Institute for International Economics. Daniel Heller, PIIE visiting fellow, presents a new PIIE Policy Brief on what central banks and regulators need to know about bitcoin. Discussants Bertrand Badré, CEO and founder of BlueOrange Capital, and Sarah Bloom Raskin, former deputy secretary of the US...
Topics: fintech, technology, regulations, central banks
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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The Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE), along with the European Commission, hostthe North American launch of the European Commission's new "Reflection Paper on the Deepening of the Economic and Monetary Union" on June 22, 2017, at PIIE. For the first panel, PIIE Director Emeritus and Senior Fellow C. Fred Bergsten and EU Ambassador to the United States David O'Sullivan provide opening remarks. The lead authors, José Leandro and Gabriele Giudice from the European...
Topics: European Commission, Economic and Monetary Union, EMU
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss President Trumpâs upcoming choice to grant trade protection to a sliver of the US solar manufacturing industry. The episode describes cleavages within the solar industry, including jobs, and the rarely used US Section 201 trade law being deployed. It chronicles the long history of environmental, economic, and trade policy problemsâin the United States, the European Union, and Chinaâbehind the solar panel dispute and...
Topics: United States, Disputes, Manufacturing, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown focus on the economic tension arising through the ongoing NAFTA--or North American Free Trade Agreementâtalks between the United States, Canada, and Mexico. The episode also dives into the question of how integrated the NAFTA economy is, exploring value-added in the hotly contested automobile industry. The trade geeks also provide rapid-fire answers to questions from listeners who were asked "What else do you want to know...
Topics: United States, Canada, Mexico, North American Free Trade Agreement
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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David J. Stockton, former chief economist at the Fed, says the central bank will still probably raise interest rates this yearâbut he thinks itâs a close call.
Topics: David Stockton, Federal Reserve, United States, interest rates, monetary policy, central bank,...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Ahead of the United Kingdom's "Brexit" referendum to decide whether to stay in the European Union or not, experts at the Peterson Institute for International Economics discussed the long-term impact of the vote at an event on June 2, 2016. Simeon Djankov spoke about the repercussions for intra-EU coalitions and developments in Eastern Europe. Jacob Funk Kirkegaard discussed the critical issues of labor movement: migration to the European Union and intra-EU flows to the United Kingdom....
Topics: United Kingdom, Brexit, European Union
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Monica de Bolle discusses Argentine's recently elected president Mauricio Macri's positive momentum after a recent deal with debt holders.
Topics: Argentina, Mauricio Macri, debt, Monica de Bolle, Peterson Institute for International Economics,...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Gary Clyde Hufbauer notes that in all the efforts to slash spending, Congress ignored costly agriculture subsidies that make little sense at a time of rising food prices.
Topics: farm subsidies, budget cuts, deficit, food prices, Gary Hufbauer, Peterson Institute for...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Michael Mussa says the latest disappointing economic numbers indicate a slower pace of growth and a possible rise in unemployment and that a return to recession cannot be ruled out.
Topics: economic recovery, United States, economic growth, economic forecast, Michael Mussa, Peterson...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Jeffrey J. Schott says President Obama's touting of a Trans-Pacific Partnership trade agreement is another indication of progress in reaching an accord. Tomorrow: Romney and Latin American trade.
Topics: TPP, Trans-Pacific Partnership, Obama, United States, trade policy, Jeffrey Schott, Peterson...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Ahead of the host of upcoming leaders' summits, PIIE experts discuss the agendas that are expected to focus on increasing economic growth and improving free trade and economic cooperation. Steven R. Weisman led the call and was joined by C. Fred Bergsten, Jeffrey J. Schott, and Jacob Funk Kirkegaard.
Topics: APEC, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, East Asia, G-20, free trade, economic cooperation, Steven...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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The Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE) holds its semiannual Global Economic Prospects session on April 4, 2018. Karen Dynan presents the US and global economic outlook, including prospects for sustained global expansion over the next few years. Marcus Noland addresses the prospects for economically meaningful conflict over international trade and how an increase in trade barriers could affect both the macroeconomic outlook and financial markets. Jacob Funk Kirkegaard...
Topics: economic growth, economic outlook, global economy, trade war, trade conflict, inflation
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Robert Hormats, undersecretary of state for economic, energy and agricultural affairs, delivered a speech entitled âNew Patterns of Investment in the New Global Economy: Implications for US Leadership" at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, October 6, 2010.
Topics: United States, Robert Hormats, global investment, Peterson Institute, Institute for International...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Gary Clyde Hufbauer says that a reported US-EU-China accord to raise prices of solar panels will harm consumers and the solar energy industry.
Topics: China, United States, European Union, EU, solar energy, solar panels, trade agreement, Gary...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Monica de Bolle argues that Venezuela is giving higher priority to paying its foreign creditors than to the Venezuelan people.
Topics: fiscal deficit, Latin America and Caribbean, government
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Martin Wolf, chief economics commentator of the Financial Times, speaks on the topic of "Why the Eurozone Crisis is Not Over" at the Peterson Institute on May 3, 2012. Wolf believes that the euro area crisis in fact has barely begun and requires a process of adjustment that could take a full decade and posed the question of whether the member countries have the political will to make that process work and resolve the crisis successfully. Wolf's speech was cosponsored by the Peterson...
Topics: Martin Wolf, Europe, European Union, EU, eurozone, euro area, financial crisis, debt crisis,...