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Mendeley Climate Change Library

To support vital research being carried out into climate change, Mendeley has created the Climate Change Library – a collection of over 5,000 articles published across 412 Elsevier journals in 2018 and 2019. The articles are freely available until the end of 2019 for all existing and new Mendeley users to download and read.


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Built environment changes the radiative, thermal and hydrological properties of the land surface creating higher temperature over urban regions known as the Urban Heat Island (UHI), enhancement of precipitation and warm season thunderstorms causing flash flooding, and intensification of pollutant concentrations in urban regions. Rapid urbanization and climate change are expected to exacerbate urban surface effects on health, economy and the environment. It is therefore necessary to study the...
Topics: Dynamic urban fraction, Sensible and latent heat fluxes, Urban canopy, Urban climate, Urban energy...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Patrick Brassard; Stéphane Godbout; Joahnn H. Palacios; Thomas Jeanne; Richard Hogue; Patrick Dubé; Lionel Limousy; Vijaya Raghavan
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Biochar production for soil amendment was recently proposed as a tool to mitigate climate change, reducing soil greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and sequestrating carbon (C) in soil. The aim of this research project was to test the hypothesis that only biochars with specific requirements (low H/Corg and O/Corg ratios, high C/N ratio) can reduce soil N2O emissions without increasing CO2 emissions in the short term. A 45-days incubation study was carried out, in which six engineered biochars made...
Topics: Biochar, Carbon dioxide, Carbon sequestration, Nitrous oxide, Soil bacterial community
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lanyu Li; Zhiyi Yao; Siming You; Chi Hwa Wang; Xiaonan Wang
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To tackle the increasing global energy demand the climate change problem, the integration of renewable energy and negative emission technologies is a promising solution. In this work, a novel concept called “negative emission hybrid renewable energy system” is proposed for the first time. It is a hybrid solar-wind-biomass renewable energy system with biochar production, which could potentially provide energy generation, carbon sequestration, and waste treatment services within one system....
Topics: Biochar, Gasification, Hybrid renewable energy system (HRES), Negative emission technologies...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lina María González-González; Diego F. Correa; Stephen Ryan; Paul D. Jensen; Steven Pratt; Peer M. Schenk
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The sustainable, efficient production of biofuel can lead to reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, lowered climate change impact and increased security owing to the fulfilment of global energy demands. Microalgae have been shown as an attractive feedstock for renewable fuel production, such as biodiesel and biogas. To date, more effort has been put towards the production of biodiesel using the lipid contents in algal cells, while less attention has been placed on biogas production through...
Topics: Anaerobic digestion, Biofuel, Biomethane, Biorefinery, Microalgae
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mariusz Gałka; Marta Szal; Tanja Broder; Julie Loisel; Klaus Holger Knorr
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High-resolution plant macrofossil records were examined alongside geochemical analysis (non-destructive X-Ray fluorescence and carbon stable isotopes), pollen, and micro-charcoal data of an ombrotrophic mountain peatland located in the Harz Mountains, central Germany, Europe. We hypothesize that increased deposition of dust and pollutants across the bog surface causes changes in habitat conditions, which in turn lead to shifts in moss-dominated communities. We observe that increases in the...
Topics: Carbon isotopes, Deforestation, Human impact, Sphagnum succession, XRF
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. J. Hester; A. J. Britton; R. L. Hewison; L. C. Ross; J. M. Potts
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Forests play a key role in climate change mitigation, adaptation and delivery of a range of ecosystem services. There is increasing evidence for impacts of climate and other drivers on plant community change, and fragmented habitats are predicted to be much less resilient to negative impacts on biodiversity and other services. Within Europe, Scotland's native forests are highly fragmented and now cover 4% of the land after many centuries of degradation and loss, but little is known about how...
Topics: Biodiversity change, Climate, Extinction-debt, Forest, Fragmentation, Pine
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Vegard Martinsen; Jose Luis Munera-Echeverri; Alfred Obia; Gerard Cornelissen; Jan Mulder
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Conservation farming (CF) involving minimum tillage, mulching and crop rotation may offer climate change adaptation and mitigation benefits. However, reported effects of CF, as applied by smallholders, on storage of soil organic carbon (SOC) and soil fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa differ considerably between studies. This is partly due to differences in management practice, soil type and adoption level between individual farmers. Where CF involves planting basins, year-to-year changes in...
Topic: Soil sampling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tek Narayan Maraseni; Trishna Singh Bhandari; Armando Apan; Hwan Ok Ma; R. S. Rawat; Nemit Verma; Su Mon San; Thaung Naing Oo; Kinley Dorji; Sindhu Dhungana; Mohan Poudel
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Community-based forest management systems (CBFMS) are becoming increasingly popular in developing countries where 31% of the total forest is either managed or owned by the community. This paper presents the results of a four-country study conducted in 2017 in Nepal, Bhutan, India and Myanmar concerning the governance quality of CBFMS. The introduction outlines the global threat to forests, the contribution that forest-based emissions make to climate change, and the policy response of the...
Topics: Bhutan, Community forestry, India, Indicators, Myanmar, Nepal, Quality of governance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jie Ban; Wanying Shi; Liangliang Cui; Xia Liu; Chao Jiang; Lianyu Han; Rui Wang; Tiantian Li
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Ensuring spontaneously adjusting behaviors of the public in their daily life in response to heat waves is an important aspect of successful public health intervention under climate change. However, the current response behavior guidance released by the government is insufficient because of the limited understanding of public perceptions of heat-related risk and the motivating factors for the public's diverse adaptive behaviors. Here, we conducted a survey on the behavioral adaptations of 3065...
Topics: Adaptation, Behavior, Heat wave, Risk perception, Urban
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This paper provides new evidence on the impact of temperatures on tourism demand in the winter season. The analysis is based on time series data spanning from 1960 to 2015 for the South Tyrolean mountains in Italy. Since 1960, winter temperatures have increased by 0.4 degrees Celsius per decade, on average. A nonlinear autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model is employed for the estimations. This model allows two separate coefficients to impact tourism demand, following temperature changes...
Topics: Climate change, Italy, Nonlinear ARDL, South tyrol, Temperatures, Tourism demand, Winter tourism
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by M. Iturbide; J. Bedia; S. Herrera; J. Baño-Medina; J. Fernández; M. D. Frías; R. Manzanas; D. San-Martín; E. Cimadevilla; A. S. Cofiño; J. M. Gutiérrez
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Climate-driven sectoral applications commonly require different types of climate data (e.g. observations, reanalysis, climate change projections) from different providers. Data access, harmonization and post-processing (e.g. bias correction) are time-consuming error-prone tasks requiring different specialized software tools at each stage of the data workflow, thus hindering reproducibility. Here we introduce climate4R, an R-based climate services oriented framework tailored to the needs of the...
Topics: CMIP5, Climate indices, Climatic change, Downscaling, NetCDF-java, Open science
Climate change and environmental problems are of major concern to governments, organisations, and consumers. This stresses the need for a transition towards clean renewable energy systems. To enable the diffusion of cleaner energy technology it is not enough to just have supportive policies in place. The challenge is to ensure that consumers adopt them. This article integrates insights from different research traditions into a research model to analyse consumers’ adoption decision-making...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Fei Li; Jiquan Chen; Jiajia Zheng
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Challenges for achieving food security with an increasing world population are stimulating many stakeholders to consider the impact of climate change on global-regional crop production. One major concern is how the covariations of climate warming and extremes (e.g., ENSO) affect agricultural systems and production. Here, a dual-cropping system in the Huaihe Plain was used as a testbed to address this issue. We found that climate warming during 1982–2013 ha s produced remarkable influences on...
Topics: Climate warming, Crop production, Dual-cropping system, ENSO, Huaihe Plain, Phenology,...
Soil temperature is an important physical variable of soil and plays a key role in controlling the underground hydro-thermal processes in permafrost regions on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP). Daily soil temperatures were observed at five different vegetation cover sites (alpine wet meadow, alpine meadow, alpine steppe, alpine desert steppe and alpine desert) from 2012 to 2015 in permafrost regions on the QTP. The performance of three reanalysis soil temperature products (National Centers for...
Topics: Observation, Permafrost, Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, Reanalysis product, Soil temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Diego Moya; Clay Aldás; Prasad Kaparaju
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The transition from current fossil-fuel energy system towards a sustainable one-based requires renewable energy technology. Although geothermal energy presents its own particular challenges in comparison with other renewable energy technologies, geothermal energy has showed significant potential to reduce environmental impact and greenhouse gas emissions from electricity production. Advantages of geothermal energy are not only the generation of electricity in different plant configurations but...
Topics: Binary, Cascade applications, Direct uses, Double-flash, Dry-steam, Geothermal energy, Hybrid...
Comprehensive carbon stock and flow accounts integrated with economic information, under an environmental-economic accounting framework, provide a common approach for an information system to improve policymaking for climate change mitigation, sustainable development and forest management. The information system includes environmental and economic data, linkages between land use activities, their co-benefits, inputs to the economy and benefits for human well-being. Forest management was used as...
Topics: Carbon accounting, Carbon storage and sequestration, Climate change mitigation,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Since natural gas emits less carbon than does coal per unit of electricity generation, some analysts suggest natural gas will help to mitigate climate change. However, sociological research has found that the substitution of one natural resource for another often does not happen as anticipated because of political and economic factors. Here, we analyze cross-national time-series data to examine the connection between growth in emissions from natural gas consumption and changes in emissions from...
Topics: CO 2 emissions, Displacement, Energy, Natural gas
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Priya DasSarma; Shiladitya DasSarma
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The remarkable survival of microorganisms high above the surface of the Earth is of increasing interest. At stratospheric levels, multiple stressors including ultraviolet and ionizing radiation, low temperatures, hypobaric conditions, extreme desiccation, and nutrient scarcity are all significant challenges. Our understanding of which microorganisms are capable of tolerating such stressful conditions has been addressed by stratospheric sample collection and survival assays, through launching...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Increasing water demand aggravates water scarcity in water-scarce regions (e.g., India, Pakistan, and China), where uneven precipitation increases the risk of maintaining sustainable eco-economic development. Ignoring precipitation's effects leads to misguided policy recommendations that either deplete or underuse basin water resources. Therefore, this paper highlights the concept of uneven precipitation and uncertain stream inflow based on scenario analysis. Within a river basin, the regional...
Topics: Bi-level multi-stage water allocation process, Scenario analysis, Sustainable development, Water...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Carina Hoorn; Raymond van der Ham; Felipe de la Parra; Sonia Salamanca; Hans ter Steege; Hannah Banks; Wim Star; Bertie Joan van Heuven; Rob Langelaan; Fernanda A. Carvalho; Guillermo Rodriguez-Forero; Laura P. Lagomarsino
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The evolution of the tropical lowland forests in northern South America is poorly understood, yet new insights into past composition and changes through time can be obtained from the rich and diverse fossil pollen record. Here we present a revision of two diagnostic Malvaceae taxa from the Cenozoic record of northern South America and we relate their evolutionary history to recently updated geological models. In our study we review the pollen morphology and botanical affinity of Rhoipites...
Topics: Abutilinae, Geography, Grewioideae, Miocene, Palynology, Phylogeny
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Amina Antonacci; Fabiana Arduini; Danila Moscone; Giuseppe Palleschi; Viviana Scognamiglio
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Intense farming represents one of the main sources causing detriments to vital resources as lands and water, due to unsustainable agricultural practices and the resulting environmental pollution. Furthermore, the increasing world population and the impact of climate change contribute to worsen these constraints. To these regards, several attempts have been completed to provide pioneering technologies for facing against these challenges, including nanostructured (bio)sensors. Indeed,...
Topics: Nanomaterials, Nanostructured (bio)sensors, Smart agriculture, Soil physico-chemical parameters...
The gateway belief model posits that perceptions of scientific agreement play a causal role in shaping beliefs about the existence of anthropogenic climate change. However, experimental support for the model is mixed. The current study takes a longitudinal approach, examining the causal relationships between perceived consensus and beliefs. Perceptions of scientific consensus and personal beliefs about climate change were collected over a five-month period in a student sample (N = 356)....
Topics: Attitude change, Climate change, Gateway belief model, Scientific consensus
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xiaomin Yang; Alin Song; Zimin Li; Qian Hao; Xiaodong Zhang; Hailong Wang
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Carbon (C) occlusion within phytoliths (PhytOC) has a significant potential for long-term C sequestration in forest ecosystems. To unravel the role of forest composition on phytolith production, soil phytolith distribution, and phytolith C sequestration in soils, we investigated community composition and examined phytoliths and PhytOC of mature leaves or needles of dominant trees and understory herbs, as well as soil profiles (50 cm depth) within Quercus, Betula, Larix and Pinus forest...
Topics: Biogenic silica, Long-term carbon sequestration, Phytolith occluded carbon, Silicon‑carbon...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Furong Niu; Ji Chen; Peifeng Xiong; Zhi Wang; He Zhang; Bingcheng Xu
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Pulsed rainfall affects both aboveground vegetation dynamics and belowground biogeochemical processes, such as carbon cycling, in semi-arid regions. In order to study carbon released by soil respiration (SR) after rainfall pulses in natural grassland on the Loess Plateau, a rainfall simulation experiment was conducted in a grassland community co-dominated by a C 4 herbaceous grass [Bothriochloa ischaemum (L.) Keng] and a C 3 leguminous subshrub [Lespedeza davurica (Laxm.) Schindl] in the loess...
Topics: Climate change, Q 10 value, Semi-arid grassland, Simulated rainfall, Soil CO 2 efflux
This article presents research designed to deepen understanding of institutional fossil fuel divestment, as one approach to addressing climate change. Since 2011, a growing global social movement has emerged focused on divestment of fossil fuel company holdings and reinvestment of those resources in clean energy. The study used a qualitative research design, employing a positive deviance approach and the Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change (TTM), a well-established clinical psychology...
Topics: Clean energy investment, Climate action, Fossil fuel divestment, Leadership, Positive deviance,...
Despite a growing number of arts based climate change interventions and the importance emphasised in the social psychology literature of achieving affective (emotional) engagement with climate change before climate compatible behaviour change is likely, to date there has been no systematic application of interpretive social science techniques to understand the ways in which these arts based interventions do or do not achieve affective public engagement with climate change and hence might hold...
Topics: Behaviour change, Climate change, Participatory art, Q Methodology
Based on pollen data of 274 samples from a 550-cm core at Kelashazi Peat in the southern Altai Mountains within China, we reconstructed the Holocene vegetation dynamics and climatic change. The pollen assemblages and the associated biome scores indicate that the vegetation in Kelashazi valley was dominated by alpine meadows during the early Holocene (before ~8.2 cal. kyr BP)and by taiga forests in the middle Holocene (~8.2-~5.6 cal. kyr BP)that was followed by an expansion of alpine meadows...
Topics: Altai Mountains, Asian Arid Zone, Holocene climate change, Vegetation dynamics
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Santiago Fernández-Rodríguez; Pablo Durán-Barroso; Inmaculada Silva-Palacios; Rafael Tormo-Molina; José María Maya-Manzano; Ángela Gonzalo-Garijo; Alejandro Monroy-Colin
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Airborne grass pollen is the main cause of allergenic diseases in many parts of the world although its frequency differs regionally. This risk could be included in the context of urban air pollution and climate change as environmental hazard and factors provoking allergies. The main objective of this study is to construct a local statistical forecasting model that takes the peculiarities of the daily average grass airborne pollen concentrations from an urban area placed in a city in the SW of...
Topics: Airborne natural risk, Allergy, Environmental modelling, Grass pollen, Time series analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Adina T. Abeles; Lauren C. Howe; Jon A. Krosnick; Bo MacInnis
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People tend to perceive their own opinions to be especially prevalent among others, especially among members of their in-groups. This paper proposes that this process operates differently in groups with prominent figures who take public stances on issues (opinion cues) that suggest what group members do or should think when some members of such groups are opinion deviant, meaning that their own opinions differ from their group's opinion cues. Two studies of Democrats', Republicans' and...
Is political pressure effective at producing pro-environmental action? While political pressure can have benefits, it may also sow the seeds for long-term backlash because it psychologically contaminates any emerging consensus. Three studies demonstrate the value of considering this psychological contamination perspective across three different environmental domains. Study 1 (n = 151) demonstrated that psychological contamination about climate science is a unique predictor of the likelihood of...
Topics: Political pressure, Psychological contamination, Rainforest preservation, Recycling
Climate changes pose serious challenges to the persistence of plant species, especially those with narrow habitats. Failure to adopt timely measures would lead to the permanent loss of valuable endangered species. This study used maximum entropy to predict the geographical distribution of a medicinal and vulnerable plant species, Daphne mucronata Royle, under current and future climatic conditions (A2a/HadCM3) in central Iran. A total of 100 locations with the species occurrence were recorded....
Topics: Climate change scenario, Maximum entropy, Niche shift, Vulnerable species
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Stephan Pauleit; Dagmar Haase; Birgit Elands; Rieke Hansen; Ingo Kowarik; Jakub Kronenberg; Thomas Mattijssen; Anton Stahl Olafsson; Emily Rall; Alexander P.N. van der Jagt; Cecil Konijnendijk van den Bosch
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Urban green infrastructure (UGI)is a promising concept when developing multifunctional green space systems to address major challenges of urbanization such as increasing social cohesion, promoting the transition to a green economy, adaptation to climate change and conservation of biodiversity. In response to the European Commission's Communication on Green Infrastructure from 2013, the GREEN SURGE project aimed to further advance the development of UGI in European cities by (i)strengthening the...
Topics: GREEN SURGE, Green governance and planning, Green infrastructure, Sustainable urbanisation, Urban...
An empirical analysis of coal use embodied in the globalized world economy is performed in the present work via the application of a systems multi-regional input-output model for 2012. The use of primary coal is tracked from the sources of exploitation to the sinks of final use through inter-regional trade as a global supply network. Mainland China is revealed to be the largest coal user, but the per-capita coal use embodied in its household consumption is only a quarter of that in the United...
Topics: Input-output analysis, Trade imbalance, World economy
This study investigated the extent to which students’ sourcing and comprehension can be supported by the reading of real, as opposed to print-out versions of multiple documents. It was found that the reading of real rather than print-out versions of multiple documents on the issue of climate change increased students’ memory for source information and made them include more specific references to document sources in argument essays that they wrote about the issue. In turn, such increased...
Topics: Comprehension, Multiple document reading, Sourcing
The negative appraisals of the impact of airline industry on climate change have forced the industry to become greener. Over the past several decades, CO2 emissions in the airline industry have increased considerably, thereby adversely affecting the environment. Therefore, airlines are seeking different approaches to reduce the environmental degradation. In this paper, we study cruise speed control to achieve this goal by reducing CO2 emissions while studying passenger service level. We use...
Topics: CO2 emissions, Constructive heuristic, Cruise speed control, Flight scheduling, Green...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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It is commonly suggested that reducing the psychological distance of climate change will increase public engagement. However, extant studies are limited by their correlational design, or by depicting impacts that vary in distance but also in kind or severity. We conducted two experiments designed to vary distance only, holding impacts constant. U.S. participants completed a visual-spatial task that portrayed the Maldives—a remote island nation facing severe climate impacts—as relatively...
Topics: Climate change, Climate engagement, Construal level theory, Localizing, Psychological distance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yaodan Zhang; Virpi Virjamo; Norul Sobuj; Wenchao Du; Ying Yin; Line Nybakken; Hongyan Guo; Riitta Julkunen-Tiitto
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High northern latitudes are climatic sensitive areas, and are also regions to which polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) easily transport and accumulate with potential risk to natural ecosystems. However, the effect of PAHs on northern woody plant growth and defense under climate change is very little studied. Here, we conducted a unique experiment in greenhouses to investigate sex-related responses of the dioecious Populus tremula to pyrene (50 mg kg−1) and residue of pyrene in soils...
Topics: CO2, Phenolics, Populus tremula, Pyrene, Sex differences, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Laura Dobor; Tomáš Hlásny; Rupert Seidl; Werner Rammer; Ivan Barka; Jiří Trombik; Pavol Pavlenda; Vladimír Šebeň; Petr Štěpánek
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Disturbances alter composition, structure, and functioning of forest ecosystems, and their legacies persist for decades to centuries. We investigated how temperate forest landscapes may recover their carbon (C) after severe wind and bark beetle disturbance, while being exposed to climate change. We used the forest landscape and disturbance model iLand to quantify (i) the recovery times of the total ecosystem C, (ii) the effect of climate change on C recovery, and (iii) the differential factors...
Topics: CO2 fertilization, Central Europe, Disturbance recovery, Forest carbon sink, Legacy sink, Norway...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Elena V. Chemeris; Alexander A. Bobrov; Richard V. Lansdown; Olga A. Mochalova
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10.1016 j.aquabot.2019.02.004
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Doug Lombardi; Janelle M. Bailey; Elliot S. Bickel; Shondricka Burrell
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Critical evaluation underpins the practices of science. In a three-year classroom-based research project, we developed and tested instructional scaffolds for Earth science content in which students evaluate lines of evidence with respect to alternative explanations of scientific phenomena (climate change, fracking and earthquakes, wetlands and land use, and formation of Earth's Moon). The present paper documents a quasi-experimental study where high school Earth science students completed these...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chuang Zhao; Bing Liu; Liujun Xiao; Gerrit Hoogenboom; Kenneth J. Boote; Belay T. Kassie; Willingthon Pavan; Vakhtang Shelia; Kwang Soo Kim; Ixchel M. Hernandez-Ochoa; Daniel Wallach; Cheryl H. Porter; Claudio O. Stockle; Yan Zhu; Senthold Asseng
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Crop models are important tools for assessing the impact of climate change on crop production. While multiple models have been developed over the past decades for the major food and fiber crops such as wheat, maize, soybean, rice, and cotton, there are few or none for many other crops. The goal of this study was to develop a simple generic crop model (SIMPLE) that could be easily modified for any crop to simulate development, crop growth and yield. The crop model SIMPLE includes 13 parameters...
Topics: Calibration, Climate impact, Crop model, Simple, Simulation
This article explores the effect of cognitive abilities on environmental awareness using data from 119 countries for the period 2005–2015. Our findings provide pioneering confirmation that a facet of human psychology, namely cognitive ability, is positively associated with environmentalism. The empirical estimations indicate that when cognitive abilities increase by one standard deviation, climate change awareness increases by approximately 19% (slightly less than one standard deviation)....
Topics: Awareness, Cognitive abilities, Cross-country, Environment
When climate change policies are implemented in practice, they travel through the hands of a range of practitioners who not only mediate but also potentially transform climate interventions. This article highlights the role of a group of actors whose practices have so far received little attention in the study of climate change governance, namely the public servants who are responsible for the everyday implementation of national climate change policies and associated programmes on the ground....
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Zambia
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Aurélie Penaud; William Hardy; Clément Lambert; Fabienne Marret; Thomas Servais; Raffaele Siano; Mélanie Wary; Kenneth Neil Mertens
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Dinoflagellates are part of the marine plankton and about 200 species produce a cyst (dinocyst) during their life cycle, these organic-walled sexually-produced cysts being fossilizable in sediments for hundreds of millions of years. Over the past 40–50 years, dinocysts have led to major advances on Mesozoic-Cenozoic research, in terms of biostratigraphy and paleogeogeography. Dinocyst taxonomy has then been continuously revised, with the tabulation being the main morphological link between...
Topics: Ancient DNA, Biostratigraphy, Cyst-motile stage relationship, Dinoflagellate, Modern dinocyst...
Purpose: This paper reviews the past and future trends of climate change in Malaysia, the major contributors of greenhouse gases and the impacts of climate change to Malaysia. It also reviews the mitigation and adaptations undertaken, and future strategies to manage the impacts of regional climate change. Methodology: The review encompasses historical climate data comprising mean daily temperature, precipitation, mean sea level and occurrences of extreme weather events. Future climate...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Impacts, Malaysia, Mitigation, Trends
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The idea of colonizing Mars as an opportunity to sustain the human species is a popular one currently. However, it is based on false premises and ignores the abundant evidence demonstrating that our species is not capable of living on any planet sustainably. Human psychology, and the problems associated with our species’ biases and cognitive limitations, will follow us to any planet and replicate the same issues we face on earth.
Topics: Climate change, Colonization, Mars, Mass extinction, Sustainability
This paper discusses rationale for human mission to Mars. Human interplanetary mission is still beyond current technological and medical capabilities. But it is also beyond social, political, financial and mental scope of humanity. This paper suggests that it is hard to find any strong rationale for human mission to Mars, which could counterbalance unovoidable risks, threats and costs.
Topics: Existential threats, Human mission to Mars, Rationale for human space program, Social objections,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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We conducted a one-year longitudinal study in which 600 American adults regularly reported their climate change beliefs, pro-environmental behavior, and other climate-change related measures. Using latent class analyses, we uncovered three clusters of Americans with distinct climate belief trajectories: (1) the “Skeptical,” who believed least in climate change; (2) the “Cautiously Worried,” who had moderate beliefs in climate change; and (3) the “Highly Concerned,” who had the...
Topics: Behavior, Beliefs, Climate change, Cluster analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Neil Stenhouse; Teresa A. Myers; Emily K. Vraga; John E. Kotcher; Lindsey Beall; Edward W. Maibach
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Ideologically motivated rejection of scientific evidence can be harmful to individuals and society, especially regarding consequential issues like climate change. A growing base of evidence suggests a cognitive style known as Actively Open-Minded Thinking (AOT) may reduce ideological rejection of scientific findings. In this article, we test the association between AOT and Americans' beliefs that global warming is mostly human-caused, a position supported by scientific consensus. We...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Claudia Doblinger; Kavita Surana; Laura Diaz Anadon
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Accelerating innovation in clean energy technologies is a policy priority for governments around the world aiming to mitigate climate change and to provide affordable energy. Most research has focused on the role of governments financing R&D and steering market demand, but there is a more limited understanding of the role of direct government interactions with startups across all sectors. We propose and evaluate the value-creation mechanisms of network resources from different types of...
Topics: Cleantech, Ecosystems, Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Public policy, Startups
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Existing studies on farmers’ willingness to reuse agricultural biomass waste usually focus on individual and social economic characteristics without consideration of the underlying psychological factors. This paper uses the theory of planned behavior, a typical social psychology model, to identify the psychological constructs that affect farmers’ intentions to reuse agricultural biomass waste for carbon emission abatement. According to this theory, an individual's behavior is driven by the...
Topics: Biomass resource, Climate change mitigation, Structural equation modeling, Theory of planned...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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With growing global actions toward climate changes, green finance receives large attention in recent literature. It is though conceptually unclear, with no consensus achieved on its definition among researchers. This paper provides a brief review of the recent advances in green finance research. It uses a bibliometric analysis approach to summarize the status quo and development trends of green finance. We assist establishing a solid conceptual base and guidance to future research directions.
Topics: Bibliometric analysis, Climate change, Green finance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sergio Tirado Herrero; Larissa Nicholls; Yolande Strengers
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Smart home technologies (SHTs) enable new ways of using and managing energy in the domestic sphere. This paper interrogates their contribution to the ambitious carbon emissions reduction efforts required under the 1.5°C mitigation pathway set by the Paris Agreement and their suitability for energy poverty alleviation goals. In contrast to aspirational claims for a ‘smart utopia’ of greener, less energy intensive, and more comfortable homes currently present in market and policy discourses,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This paper presents life-cycle environmental impacts and health hazards of the ilmenite and rutile processing routes which are very little explored despite a significant quantity of production worldwide. The study is carried out through a life-cycle environmental-impact assessment of the ilmenite and rutile mining production processes in Australia, using the International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) method under 14 significant impact categories and the Cumulative Energy Demand (CED)...
Topics: Australia, Ilmenite, Life-cycle assessment, Rutile, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Elham Bozorgparvar; Masoud Yazdanpanah; Masoumeh Forouzani; Bahman Khosravipour
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This paper aims to use a comprehensive modeling framework to investigate the intention of Iranian livestock producers to deploy renewable energies on their farms to mitigate climate change. A survey was conducted in southern Iran using a random sample of farmers (n = 140). Structural equation modeling showed that attitude, moral norm, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control are significant predictors of farmers’ intention to use renewable energies. Attitude was determined by...
Topics: Agriculture extension, Climate change mitigation, Iran, Livestock sector, Social acceptance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hunter Gehlbach; Carly D. Robinson; Christine Calderon Vriesema
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People feel motivated to maintain consistency across many domains in life. When it comes to climate change, many find themselves motivated to maintain consistency with others, e.g., by doubting climate change to cohere with friends' and neighbors' beliefs. The resulting climate skepticism has derailed discussions to address the issue collectively in the United States. To counteract these social consistency pressures, we developed a cognitive consistency intervention for climate skeptics. We...
Topics: Climate change, Climate science, Cognitive consistency, Communication, Global warming, Political...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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We investigate the interplay between individual's intrinsic motivation and green incentives on stated climate change adaptive behavior. Using experimental and survey data in the Fiji Islands, we find that intrinsic motivations favoring pro-environmental [beliefs] positively influence the intention to adapt. Moreover we find that green incentives crowd-in intrinsic pro-environmental motivations and further facilitate the uptake of adaptive investments. Demographic factors of ethnicity,...
Topics: Adaptation, Conditionality, Experiment, Framed Field Experiment, Investment, Microloans,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Luiz Enrique Vieira de Souza; Estevão Mota Gomes Ribas Lima Bosco; Alina Gilmanova Cavalcante; Leila da Costa Ferreira
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This article interweaves energy studies and postcolonial theories. We argue that the concepts and theories developed by postcolonialist scholars to criticize the cultural and epistemological relations of power between Europe and its former colonies can be expanded to analyse the failure of international energy cooperation projects such as the Mediterranean Solar Plan (MSP) and Desertec. Based on model studies conducted by the German Aerospace Centre (DLR), we present socioeconomic and...
Topic: Postcolonial theories
Buildings are big consumers of energy and materials, and important producers of waste and emissions. Prefabrication presents an opportunity to reduce impacts in the building sector; however, few studies have focused on prefabricated houses and with contradictory findings. The main goal of this article is to assess the embodied energy (EE) and greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) of a prefabricated modular house, based on a modular system to enable different layouts. A “cradle-to-site” analysis...
Topics: Climate change, Embodied energy (EE), Life-cycle assessment (LCA), Offsite construction,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Marks Melo Moura; Alexandre Rosa dos Santos; José Eduardo Macedo Pezzopane; Rodrigo Sobreira Alexandre; Samuel Ferreira da Silva; Stefania Marques Pimentel; Maria Sueliane Santos de Andrade; Felipe Gimenes Rodrigues Silva; Elvis Ricardo Figueira Branco; Taís Rizzo Moreira; Rosane Gomes da Silva; José Romário de Carvalho
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Weather phenomena El Niño and La Niña are observed by meteorological variables, which allows you to track climate change and its possible effects in certain regions. The objective of this study was to analyze the behavior of rainfall, temperature and evapotranspiration in the Amazon river basin (Latitudes 5° N to 20° S and Longitudes 50° W to 80° W), comparing them with the occurrence of El Niño and La Niña phenomena, from January 2000 to December 2016. The values referring to the...
Topics: Climate change, El Niño, La Niña, Remote sensing, Temporal analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xueli Ding; Shengyun Chen; Bin Zhang; Chao Liang; Hongbo He; William R. Horwath
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The contribution of microbial residues to soil organic carbon (SOC) is a process highly influenced by soil properties. We evaluated the presence of microbial amino sugar residues in soil (0–50 cm) of control and warmed plots in an alpine meadow on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Alpine grasslands in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau store large amounts of soil C and are highly vulnerable to climate change. Results showed that warming significantly increased total microbial residues across the 0–50 cm...
Topics: Amino sugar, C sequestration, Microbial necromass, Tibet plateau, Warming
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Some surge-type glaciers on the High-Arctic archipelago of Svalbard have large glacitectonic composite ridge systems at their terrestrial margins. These have formed by rapid glacier advance into proglacial sediments during the active surge phase, creating multicrested moraine complexes. Such complexes can be formed during single surge advances or multiple surges to successively less-extensive positions. The few existing studies of composite ridge systems have largely relied on detailed...
Topics: Glacial geomorphology, Glacier surge, Glacitectonic composite ridge system, Svalbard
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Susie Wang; Zoe Leviston; Mark Hurlstone; Carmen Lawrence; Iain Walker
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Current research shows that emotions can motivate climate engagement and action, but precisely how has received scant attention. We propose that strong emotional responses to climate change result from perceiving one's “objects of care” as threatened by climate change, which motivates caring about climate change itself, and in turn predicts behaviour. In two studies, we find that climate scientists (N = 44) experience greater emotional intensity about climate change than do students (N =...
Topics: Care, Climate change, Emotion, Field theory, Identity, Psychological distance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Laurent Coppola; Louis Legendre; Dominique Lefevre; Louis Prieur; Vincent Taillandier; Emilie Diamond Riquier
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Dissolved oxygen (O2) is a relevant tracer to interpret variations of both water mass properties in the open ocean and biological production in the surface layer of both coastal and open waters. Deep-water formation is very active in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea, where it influences intermediate and deep waters properties, nutrients replenishment and biological production. This study analyses, for the first time, the 20-year time series of monthly O2 concentrations at the DYFAMED...
Topics: Dense water formation, Dissolved oxygen, Ligurian Sea, Net community production, Time series
Facing the dangers posed by climate change, the mobility sector needs to undergo a transition towards sustainability. One way of reducing emissions in traffic is to establish the use of electric vehicles. However, given current market shares in Germany, the envisaged regime change from traditional combustion to electric engines seems rather unlikely, triggering the search for new options for dynamic market growth. Recent research has shown consumers’ insufficient knowledge and high...
Topics: Mobility, Quantitative model, Technology acceptance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Maria I. Rinderu; Brad J. Bushman; Paul AM Van Lange
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The CLimate, Aggression, and Self-control in Humans (CLASH) proposes that aggression and violence increase as climates become hotter and seasonal variation becomes smaller by influencing time-orientation and self-control. Emerging empirical evidence supporting the model is reviewed. Wealth, income inequality, and pathogen stress as powerful influences of these processes are also discussed. We conclude by discussing the theoretical and societal importance of climate change in shaping violence.
Carbon dioxide emitted from fossil fuel burning processes is quantitatively the most contributor to global warming. It is believed that climate change could be mitigated by means of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS). CO2 physical adsorption separation has the potential of capture carbon dioxide with minimum energy costs. A special type of metal organic frameworks named Mg-MOF-74 is an exceptional adsorbent amongst other porous materials with high CO2 uptake at flue gas conditions. Temperature...
Topics: Adsorption, CFD, Carbon-dioxide, Mg-MOF-74, Separation, TSA
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Changwon Park; Yoojin Jeong; Seung Jick Yoo
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Integrated energy supply (IES) produces both heat and electricity simultaneously, improving energy efficiency and reducing air pollutants. As of the end of 2016 in Korea, 16.1% of households received district heating service as the government pushed to expand the integrated energy supply. Since large-scale facilities are installed according to local demand for heat, IES—compared to individual heating systems—can increase the consumer benefit by reducing the annual cost of heating through...
Topics: Compensated variation, District heating in Korea, Heat demand function
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Matthew Davis; Md Ahiduzzaman; Amit Kumar
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This paper interprets the energy flow from available primary fuel to end use in all of the provinces and territories in Canada for the year 2012 using Sankey diagrams. These flow charts illustrate energy production, imports, exports, and local consumption by economic sector, and quantify the amount of useful and rejected energy. The inflow and outflow values could help determine existing energy efficiencies and energy intensity improvement potential. The total energy available in the energy...
Topics: Canada, Demand sectors, End use energy, Energy flow, Primary energy, Sankey diagrams
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Miquel De Cáceres; Nicolas Martin-StPaul; Marco Turco; Antoine Cabon; Victor Granda
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High-resolution meteorological data are necessary to understand and predict climate-driven impacts on the structure and function of terrestrial ecosystems. However, the spatial resolution of climate reanalysis data and climate model outputs is often too coarse for studies at local/landscape scales. Additionally, climate model projections usually contain important biases, requiring the application of statistical corrections. Here we present ‘meteoland’ an R package that integrates several...
Topics: Bias correction, Climate change, Drought stress, Regional climate model, Statistical downscaling,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Richard P. Kipling; Helen E. Taft; David R. Chadwick; David Styles; Jon Moorby
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Livestock agriculture is a significant global emitter of greenhouse gases (GHG) and the sector is under pressure to reduce its environmental footprint. Dairy, sheep and beef production are major contributors to emissions. Here, a study of the barriers to implementing GHG mitigation measures on sheep, beef and dairy farms in Wales provides insights into challenges for these sectors globally. Data were gathered from 18 stakeholder organisations and farmers using semi-structured interviews and...
Topics: Behavioural change, Climate change, Greenhouse gas mitigation, Livestock agriculture, Stakeholders
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sander van der Linden; Anthony Leiserowitz; Edward Maibach
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The Gateway Belief Model describes a process of attitudinal change where a shift in people's perception of the scientific consensus on an issue leads to subsequent changes in their attitudes which in turn predict changes in support for public action. In the current study, we present the first large-scale confirmatory replication of the GBM. Specifically, we conducted a consensus message experiment on a national quota sample of the US population (N = 6,301). Results support the mediational...
Topics: Climate change, Gateway belief model, Motivated cognition, Scientific consensus
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Air travel has been highlighted as a key environmental behaviour contributing to climate change. Given this, there is a surprising lack of theory-based research aimed at identifying factors that underpin motivation to reduce the number of flights taken. This study explored whether an extended theory of planned behaviour (TPB) model could be usefully applied to identify significant predictors of intentions to reduce the number of flights taken for leisure, holidays or to visit family or friends....
Topics: Air travel, Climate change, Pro-environmental behaviour, Self-identity, Theory of planned behaviour
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sylwia Śliwińska-Wilczewska; Agata Cieszyńska; Marta Konik; Jakub Maculewicz; Adam Latała
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Environmental changes, including hydrological modifications caused by global warming, are one of the major drivers of harmful cyanobacterial bloom expansion. The ecophysiological study of bloom-forming filamentous cyanobacteria Nodularia spumingena, Aphanizomenon sp. and Dolichospermum lemmermannii was conducted in a series of laboratory tests. Cyanobacterial cultures were grown at various combinations of environmental conditions (scenarios). These scenarios were combinations of irradiance in...
Topics: Algal culture, Autecology, Cyanobacterial bloom, Fluorescence, Photosynthesis, Photosynthetic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tahmina Akter; Philippe Quevauviller; Steven J. Eisenreich; Guido Vaes
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Flooding is the most common natural disaster in Europe. Modern flood risk management relies not only infrastructure development but also on governmental and non-governmental actors applying legal, economic and communicative water management instruments. Within the European Union (EU), flood management closely relies on policy set at the EU and national levels. It is now recognized that a sound understanding of climate change is required in addition to current management by taking into account...
Topics: Climate change impacts, Flood risk management, Hydrological model, Rainfall, Runoff, Science -...