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Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science

JLIS.it —Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science— is an academic, cross-disciplinary, peer-reviewed, and open access journal, aiming to value innovative international research.


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Established in 2005, the Hong Kong Maritime Museum (HKMM) is a relatively new private museum that aims to collect all forms of materials related to the development of boats, ships, maritime exploration and trade, and naval warfare on the South China coast, as well as its adjacent seas.  The Museum not only serves as a unique platform for teaching and learning of the local heritage in Hong Kong, it also contributes greatly to the promotion of community engagement and social connections. ...
Topics: HKMM, Hong Kong Maritime Museum, Library-Museum Collaboration, Operational practices, User needs.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8916
Library Linked Data Model is an important topic for librarianship and it is equally of interest to the many organizations that provide products and services to that community. Ex Libris, as one of those organizations, frequently gets asked: “Where do we see it fitting into our plans?â€. In order to be able to answer questions like this, we need to ask: “What exactly are the problems being solved for the profession by this technology that can only be solved with the Library Linked...
Topics: Library linked data, Ex Libris
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5492
This article presents the National Edition of Alcide De Gasperi’s correspondence project (www.epistolariodegasperi.it). An introduction about digital editions, where some examples of the publication of letters in digital form are offered, is followed by a description of the project, of the reasons why the online edition was chosen and of the technical features of the software for the collection of metadata, digital images and transcriptions. Finally, after a description of the methods for the...
Topics: Documentary edition, Correspondence, Letters, Alcide De Gasperi, Digital documentary edition,...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12599
Aim of this paper is to give a contribution to the analysis of the visibility gave to the Italian Humanities journals from leading bibliographic databases used for national research assessment. In particular, we will focus on the bibliographic databases Web of Science (Thomson Reuters) and Scopus (Elsevier). We believe it is important to develop a deep understanding of the issues related to assessment. We would like to deal with these issues, not yet adequately discussed by Italian scholars,...
Topics: Bibliographic databases, Bibliometrics, Research assessment, Scopus, Web of Science
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4787
One of the major challenges of libraries today is to make metadata available for the usage and re-usage by researchers and the scientific community. Therefore it is necessary to open the cataloguing systems for non-restricted and completely free access. Libraries of Bavaria, Berlin and Brandenburg decided in 2011 to publish their shared network catalogue with nearly 23 million records as open data and as linked open data. In March 2012 this data pool won the second prize in the first...
Topics: Library linked data, Semantic web, RDF, B3Kat Project
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5507
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Kevin Ford
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In 2009 and in 2011, the Library of Congress made two of its largest authority files – Subject Headings and Names – available as linked data via LC’s Linked Data Service, ID.LOC.GOV. Both are offered in MADS/RDF and SKOS. It is LC’s objective, in 2012, to publish another of its largest authority files as linked data: LC Classification. Whereas the source records for Subject Headings and Names are encoded in the MARC Authority format, from which there is a relatively...
Topics: Library linked data, Library of Congress Classification, Ontology, SKOS, MARC21, Authority control
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5465
This article reports on an analysis of the different forms and practices of electronic literature starting with the concept of the ebook as the zero degree of literary re-mediation. The next step is the use of a computational model (composed of data, processes, interactions, a user interface, and context) applied to a semiotic model of the book in which one goes from the physicality of the signs on the page to the abstract concept of the work so as to classify the various types of electronic...
Topics: Electronic literature, eBooks, Electronic publishing, Digital Humanities
The article intends to be a short theoretical elaboration of the ideas raised by Boris Groys in Google: Words beyond Grammar from a LIS point of view. Through the use of critical tools such as Manovich's theory of the database and Wittgenstein's writings on meaning and context, the author delineates a double partial characteristic of the search conducted by Google in terms of quality (the Google algorithm is partial towards results claimed to appertain the user's interests) and in terms of...
Topics: Deconstruction, Google, Groys, Boris, Manovich, Lee, Semantics, Search engines, Wittgenstein, Ludwig
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8798
In July 2012 the EC recommended on Open Access to the Member States in order to put forward the development of an economy based on knowledge and innovation as a priority.
Topics: Europe, Open Access, Scholarly communication
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8649
The paper presents the first results of a research which aims at evaluating how the public perception about libraries has evolved over the last five years in Europe. It quantifies and qualifies the presence of issues concerning libraries in the European press in order to answer the following research questions: which are the most discussed topics and have they changed over the last years? Are there any significant differences between the European countries and newspapers in the debate about...
Topics: Libraries, European press, Methodology, Content analysis, Public perception
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8987
The essay is dedicated to the theme of digital rights management on digitisation projects with particular reference to works into the public domain and to orphan works. The aim of the essay is to explain the main issues and criticalities that libraries have to face proposing and carrying out digitisation projects. For some years, the digitisation of cultural heritage involves libraries, archives and museums and is one of the main goals by the Digital Agenda for Europe. Indeed the digitisation...
Topics: Digitisation, Public domain, Orphan works, copyright, ARROW
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8797
The author reflects upon the work of cataloguing in present times. He wonders how to harmonize the precision and universality of cataloguing rules and the growing of different cultural needs and information behaviours. Against the widespread ideas on “disintermediation†allowed by information and communication technologies, the author reaffirms the crucial role, although with a quite new background, of librarians and cataloguers as intermediaries between users and documents, between...
Topics: Cataloging, Intermediation, Librarians, Library theory
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5621
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Redazione JLIS.it
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Issued in April 2003, the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing defines and supports the concept of open access.
Topics: Biomedical research, Open Access, Scholarly communication, Scientific literature
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8628
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Alberto Salarelli
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Inspired by Alessandro Baricco's essay I barbari, saggio sulla mutazione, on the analysis of the changes in society due to media hype richer and richer on the level of quantity and stimulations, the author highlights the risks of a simplified way of thinking that tends to conform all cultural institutions to one model of informative mediation. Public libraries, facing with these changes as well as other cultural institutions, are at a crossroads between a transformation in favour of the new...
Topics: Baricco, Alessandro, Mass media, Communication, Public libraries, Technologies
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4600
The article faces the problems related to long-term preservation of the digital archives content. Archival material requires a special attentio due to credibility, juridical value, moral and legal rights, and privacy. The need to ensure accessibility and integrity of informatic data is a problem that involves all aspects and fields of informatization, and it is closely related to metadata choice and duplication. Through the analysis of the case-study represented by cIrcle, the istitutional...
Topics: Archival materials, Digital preservation, Institutional repositories, InterPARES3, University...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12
The application of linked data to catalogue data opens up new perspectives for OPAC development.The new relationships between bibliographic and other data will produce cataloguess that are deeply integrated with the Web, giving a decisive impact on the structure of catalog records, on access and on the functions that the catalog can play in the wider global information space.In this paper the author explores the possibility the new record deconstructed and connected with the other data on the...
Topics: OPAC, Library linked data, Semantic web, Semantic search, Subject search
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/9095
After an excursus on the peculiarity of the Sardinian language and the difference between a language and a dialect, the paper analyses the changes applied to the treatment of Sardinian language in different Dewey Decimal Classification editions.
Topics: Sardinian language, Local cultures, Decimal Dewey Classification, Language varieties
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10424
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Mauro Guerrini
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The article presents the work of Elaine Svenonius  The Intellectual Foundation of Information Organization , translated in Italian and published by Le Lettere of Florence, within the series Pinakes, with the title  Il fondamento intellettuale dell’organizzazione dell’informazione .  The Intellectual Foundation of Information Organization  defines the theoretical aspects of library science, its philosophical basics and principles, the purposes that must be kept in mind, abstracting from...
Topics: Bibliographic axiology, Cataloguing, FRBR, Library theory, Svenonius
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/11
Déclarations de l'IFLA sur le libre accès (2004, 2010)
Topics: IFLA, Libraries, Open Access, Scholarly communication
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8639
The International Standard Bibliographic Description (ISBD) Area 0 was first included in the ISBD Consolidated Edition published in July 2011, as a replacement of the General Material Designation (GMD). This work briefly makes reference to the antecedents of area 0 and to the reasons that lead to its creation. Also, it details its structure, elements and examples of use and analyzes its compatibility with the MARC format, the RDA vocabularies and with FRBR model. Finally, in relation to the...
Topics: Cataloguing, FRBR, ISBD, MARC, Non-book materials, RDA
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4794
The EMoBookTrade project, funded by the European Research Council and directed by Angela Nuovo, has developed a database on book prices (ca. 1530-1630) and book privileges (Venice, 1469 to 1603). This web application shows that digital humanities can play an innovative role in historical research at the same time respecting traditional scientific methods and the needs of ground-breaking inter-disciplinary research. Indeed, the EMoBookTrade DB takes into account both the representation of...
Topics: Book Trade, History of the Book, Digital Humanities, Economic History, Price History, Early modern...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12612
The article aims to provide an update on the 2009 Statement of International Cataloguing Principles (ICP) and on the status of work on the Statement by the IFLA Cataloguing Section. The article begins with a summary of the drafting process of the ICP by the IME ICC, International Meeting of Experts on an International Cataloguing Code, focusing in particular on the first meeting (IME ICC1) and on the earlier drafts of the 2009 Statement. It then analyzes both the major innovations and the...
Topics: Cataloguing, ICP, IFLA, International Cataloguing Principles, Library theory
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4936
The aim of this paper is to present some thoughts on the sidelines of the international conference “The privilege of the written word: management, conservation and enhancement of personal papers and booksâ€, held at Salerno University on April 10-12th 2019. The conference represented a significant moment of meeting for the scientific and professional community of archives and libraries in order to debate the issues related to conservation, management and valorization of personal...
Topics: Personal libraries, Personal archives, Private collections.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12581
It is widely acknowledged that libraries play a positive and important role in the lives of prisoners, just as they do with other people. They do not only provide resources to support various educational, recreational and welfare programs, but they also create opportunities for prisoners to acquire new skills, skills that they may need once they leave prison. In addition, prison libraries also help address various psychological issues, attitude problems, as well as other difficulties in coping...
Topics: Youth engagement, Library collections, Prison library, Human rights
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10082
This article presents, in the form of a conversation, the content of the "The Author Catalog" by Carlo Revelli, published in the '70s and recently reprinted. Carlo Revelli puts together a systematic approach to the subject cataloguing, a great experience, and a wide theoretic and historical information. The importance of this work in the context of Italian library Science is beyond doubt as it is a tool for working in library and for the training of new librarians. It is the classic...
Topics: Cataloguing, Revelli, Carlo, Subject catalog, Subject indexing
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4816
Going Green is a recent IFLA book, which contains an excellent review about what libraries are doing, in various parts of the world, to protect the environment and help their communities, all the collectivity, to face the ecological crisis.In addition, the reading of Going Green also allows us to reflect on implications that a green and sustainable option involves in the way of interpreting the social role of the libraries, inspiring their management policies, improving their perception within...
Topics: Green Library, Sustainable Library.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12604
This paper intends to present the in-progress project for the signage system of the Dewey-classified shelves in the Library of Social Sciences at the University of Florence. To make the classified arrangement effective, a signage system must clarify complexity, that is it must orient users towards the logic behind the shelf arrangement, presenting in a visible and understandable way the entities and the relationships which appear in class indexing.This signage is based on cross-media...
Topics: Class indexing, Cross-media communication, DDC, Dewey Decimal Classification, Library instruction,...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10068
The focus of this research is the feasibility of websites cataloging with the use of the NLAI standard rules. For this purpose 50 websites in 20 subjects were selected at random from Parsindex Websites.The study was carried out following two different methodologies: a preliminary checklist was compiled in order to gather the necessary data and information and then descriptive statistics were used for data analysis.The findings show that the use of NLAI standards to organize and to catalog...
Topics: Websites, electronic resources, processing, cataloging, feasibility study, National Library &...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10269
The Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF) develops a new project, bringing together data from catalogues (MARC), archives (EAD) and digital resources (DC). It makes links and publishes web pages, available at http://data.bnf.fr, with already about 750.000 linked resources. All the raw data is also displayed in RDF and available with an open licence. The presentation will explain the importance of authority files and identifiers to build this kind of service, an give a first feedback on how...
Topics: data.bnf.fr, Gallica, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Library linked data, Authority file
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5509
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Antonella De Robbio
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A licence is a one-sided permission to use someone's else property, a legal tool transmitting the right to do something or to use a good that otherwise would not be possibile to use. There are closed and open licences. The latter (the most common are CC, GFDL, GPL, BSD) are not always suitable to be applied to data, as they are meant for other kinds of information, such as contents and software, and so on. The paper, focused on open licenses specific to data, starts referring to Panton...
Topics: Creative Commons, Data rights, Open Data, Open License, Open Data Commons
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4695
The circulation and sharing of contents in biobanks is approached with the study of the normative statutes of these institutions, with careful attention to copyright. Such institutions are an organized set of human biological specimens with diagnostic, therapeutic, and research aims. Since the issue is quite new, their statutes are controversial; moreover, the exploitation of new detections is particularly complicated. The ownership of samples (tissues, cells, organs) and the ownership of...
Topics: Biobanks, Biology, Copyright, Database, Open data sharing
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4537
The paper presents the results of a research based on the evaluation culture approach and particularly on the social corporate responsibility of universities and their duty to account for the quality of their mission, researches, teaching and dissemination of knowledge. Metrics and international rankings have been developed to measure value and performance of the universities; as a consequence, the academic world must express appropriate means in order to improve its position in quality...
Topics: Academic Literacy, Visual Literacy, Digital Competencies, Literacies Indicators, Educational...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12577
Rights management for digital library programs is affected by high transaction costs and this calls for new schemes of collective management. Voluntary Stakeholders Agreements (VSA) is proposed as a solution. However, there is a need to reshape the way of defining the scope of such agreements. In the past, the scope was set by limiting the type of uses licensed in the collective agreement, while other uses, pertaining the primary exploitation of works, remain in the sphere of direct management...
Topics: Digital libraries, Digitization projects, Copyright, Voluntary Stakeholders Agreements, Rights...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4539
IT technologies and especially the progressive use of Internet have transformed the mechanism of knowledge transmission and its reproduction. We find, on the one hand, a model of knowledge circulation based on contract self-enforcement, through technological protection measures (TPMs). This kind of control is identified in Digital Rights Management (DRM), whose goal is to make the license terms for access and use of information recognizable by the software and equipment made for the use of...
Topics: Copyright, DRM, Creative Commons, Licenses
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4593
The purpose of this article is to introduce a seminal 1984 document on the structure of the “system of bibliographic links” of the Italian national library service (named SBN or Servizio Bibliotecario Nazionale). To some extent thirteen years before FRBR, the Entity-Relationship Model has been used to identify Entities, Attributes and Relationships within bibliographic records. The 1984 document can also be seen as a first step of a long path (which has not yet been concluded) of use of ER...
Topics: SBN (Servizio Bibliotecario Nazionale), E-R (Entity-Relationship) Model, UNIMARC, Domanovszky,...
This paper describes the process developed by Binghamton University Libraries to extract embedded metadata from digital photographs and transform it into descriptive Dublin Core metadata for use in the Libraries’ digital preservation system.In 2011, Binghamton University Libraries implemented the Rosetta digital preservation system (from Ex Libris) to preserve digitized and born-digital materials. At the same time, the Libraries’ implemented the Primo discovery tool (from Ex...
Topics: digital preservation, metadata, photographs
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10069
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Lalitha Sami,Rabia Iffat
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In order to render effective services to its users, Libraries and Information Centres adopt and introduce new and innovative services. Depending on the exposure of users to these services, the services themselves will have a different impact on different users. A positive impact results in positive attitudes, and in a consequent preference for that service. The paper discusses these challenges in making users self confident while using library new tools and services, and examines possibile ways...
Topics: Attitude, Impact, Library services, Preference, Technophobia
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4523
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Klaus Kempf
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The present essay, shows the collection development in the digital age and the changes occurred in recent decades with the rise of Internet and "hybrid library".Today, in digital age, the libraries must be able to meet the real needs of users, working for a great collaboration and cooperation in building and managing online digitized collections, as well as taking care and resize their traditional concept of service.
Topics: Collections, Digital age, Libraries, Wunderkammern, Search engines
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8857
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Elena Lazzarini,Elisa Bianchi,Maria Clotilde Camboni
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The essay deals with the creation of subject-headings for web resources related to Italian literature, art and linguistics with resort to the Nuovo soggettario system (NS). It describes the difficulties arisen and the results achieved in this regard during the development of a project aimed at creating web tools to facilitate the location of high quality web resources about Italian culture. One of these tools was a catalogue of web resources with subject headings, created using a modified...
Topics: Digital catalog, Semantic indexing, Nuovo Soggettario, Panoramafirb, Data model
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8828
In recent years, the spread of ebooks has grown exponentially. 24/7 availability, portability, the advanced tools offered by platforms make this product particularly interesting for academic libraries, which are in an experimental phase with regard to the selection and acquisition of ebooks. The article analyzes three platforms (EBL, Ebrary, EBSCO), to find out whether an Italian medium-sized university library can buy foreign titles in electronic rather than paper, and under what conditions....
Topics: E-books, Academic libraries, Acquisition, Selection criteria.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8986
Using the 9 areas identified by the ISBD as a guide, the paper proposes a descriptive comparison between the choices carried out by the authors of RDA and REICAT. Two different ways of understanding the basic entities of the bibliographic description are shaped through a detailed analysis of individual choices, and accordingly to this, two different perspectives for the future organization of resources. REICAT are even linked to the organization "on board", to punctuation and to the...
Topics: Cataloguing, ISBD, library linked data, RDA, REICAT, Semantic web.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/9963
The article examines research data practices in the Humanities within the European area.The great attention paid to research data in European policies on research confirms their strategic role in the development and optimization of the scientific research.The analysis of some research infrastructures and projects focused on research data in the Humanities shows how the European Member States can act centrally in improving and developing them, in order to make efficient individual activities and...
Topics: Research data, Humanities, Research Infrastructures, Open Access, Open Data.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8927
The present research, originally a master thesis, aims to investigate the popularity and usage of Reference Management Softwares among researchers and scholars of the University of Torino, Italy, and the role that university libraries can assume about the subject.This study, based upon a qualitative approach, is a descriptive survey composed of an online questionnaire and direct interviews addressed to the population of professors and researchers of the STM areas at the University of Torino. A...
Topics: Academic libraries, References, References Management Software, Users
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8679
The Linked Heritage Project started in April 2011. It is funded by the European Commission under the IST Policy Support Programme (ICT PSP), and runs for 30 months. Its main objective is to contribute a large quantity of new content to Europeana, from both the public and private sectors (c3 million items). In addition, the project will show how: 1. To enhance the quality of Europeana content, in terms of its metadata richness, its re-use potential and its uniqueness; 2. To enable improved...
Topics: Library linked data, Linked Heritage Project, Europeana, Cultural Heritage Project
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/6304
The paper offers an overview of the complex, not easy period in which Antonio Panizzi was teaching at London University (1828-1831), innovatively suggesting that “a uniform program be adopted for the study of all modern languages and literatures” and nevertheless dedicating himself to research with care and passion. In the article, the teaching materials and custom tools he quickly provided to his students for learning italian language and culture are analyzed regarding concept, structure...
Topics: Italian language, Italian grammar, Italian literature, Teaching materials for italian, University...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12600
Accuracy in management and presentation of data is probably the most relevant feature that characterizes libraries catalogues in the wide universe of information available online. This characteristic, which originates from the basic need of organizing knowledge, requires a constant activity of control. Authority control is part of such an activity.This paper examines authority control of personal names, and how it is carried out.The first part shows the international standards and local codes...
Topics: Controllo di autorità, Archivi di autorità, OPAC, Database, Wikipedia.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10340
The purpose of this article is to reflect on production, organization and tradition of autograph collections since the beginning until the end of the nineteenth century. In particulary, these collections, considered by the classical archival science only such one of the principle causes of destruction of the archives and as the result of the collectors’ craze that pervaded Europe in that turn of years, were used as a kind of archives, where historians could find all sorts of records,...
Topics: Archival Science, Autographs, National archives, Collections, Archival arrangement
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12587
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Ewelina Melnarowicz,Federica Vignati
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The following publication presents the results of the first study on law firm libraries in Italy. To date there are only few publications on this topic, therefore it has been considered interesting to determine the distribution of law libraries and professionals involved. The study, which was based on a sample population of 100 largest law firms in Italy by revenue, employed an online questionnaire and the data were collected through web site analysis aiming to identify a library, a...
Topics: Italy, Knowledge management, Law firms, Organizational culture, Quantitative research, Special...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8800
The usage of bibliometric indicators is widespread in the scientific and academic world, and has become a standard in order to assign research funds and to assess the results of those investments. The aim of this article is to offer, without any claims for comprehensiveness some reflections and advices for using these tools in a more conscious way, highlighting their limits and peculiarities. Apart from Impact Factor, many tools related to Open Access have been developed recently. The most...
Topics: Bibliometrics, Citation index, H-index, Impact factor, Scimago
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/24
The purpose of Linked Data is to develop a total data space (the data web) able to mutually connect and enrich shared databases. Libraries therefore have the opportunity to integrate the structured information of their catalogs with information from other multiple sources and to make them more accessible by building them on web standards. The ability model the data, making them accessible and preserving the contextualization is proposed as a criterion for determining the quality of a library....
Topics: Cultural Heritage, Library linked data, Semantic web
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8587
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Ilaria Fava
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The present article aims at offering an overview on the milestones of the Open Access movement in its first decade. The main declarations, statements and documents are described.
Topics: Open Access, Scholarly communication, Scientific literature
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8678
This paper offers an analysis of the Italian legislation about the transition from printed school-books to digital ones and, in turn, it presents an overview of the digital publishing offer of major media groups, by taking as case study the Latin textbooks for high-schools. The concept of digital book has been declined nowadays in two main forms: the first one is the so-called "on-line book", which are digital books (typically in PDF or ePub format)...
Topics: Digital publishing, E-books, Textbooks, School Law, High School
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4755
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Maria Sagri,Elisabetta Marinai,Ginevra Peruginelli,Tommaso Agnoloni,Daniela Tiscornia
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Interoperability today is the key term for the enhancement of databases published on the web: the data, when isolated, have little value, on the contrary, their value increases significantly when different datasets, produced and published independently by different providers, can be reused and freely mashed by third parties. The use of data for new purposes not foreseen by organizations and individuals who publish "raw data" is one of the advantages of linked open data model. To...
Topics: Library linked data, DoGi-Legal Literature database
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5480
"Legal interoperability" could be defined as the possibility of legally mixing data coming from different sources (including governmental data, data generated by online communities and data held by private parties). Legal interoperability is similar to technical interoperability, since it is a prerequisite for mixing data and create new knowledge or services. But it also has its own peculiarities, for instance because it could be achieved simply choosing the appropriate licensing...
Topics: Data mining, Governement data, Interoperability, Library linked data
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5461
The article introduces the complete digital edition of Tommaso Campanella’s letters. It is a transcription of the full corpus of 172 letters written by Campanella in the years 1591-1639. This work is built on the print collection edited by Germana Ernst and published in 2010 by Olschki. Beyond metadata, an asset in themselves, each letter is enriched by information about the manuscript source (including the archive or the library holding it), the various editions, and a brief summary. The...
Topics: Epistolary, Digital Edition, Digital Archive, Public History, Digital Edition, Digital Archive,...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12626
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Giuseppina Vullo
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Introduction to FSR 2014 Special Issue
Topics: FSR2014 Conference, Cataloguing, Library catalogue, OPAC
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10138
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Monica Vezzosi,Ilaria Moroni
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The paper presents two articles dealing with researches on users’ perception of libraries, the first with a quantitative approach, the latter with a qualitative approach: "Use and Awareness of Electronic Information Sources at IIT Roorkee, India: A Case Study", and "L'identità percepita: applicare la grounded theory in biblioteca". The authors underline the importance of sharing theories and practices on user surveys in order to gain skills of research methods and...
Topics: Grounded theory, Public Libraries, Qualitative analysis, Reference, Users
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4618
BeWeb – online ecclesiastical cultural heritage – is a project to establish a portal dedicated to the cultural and artistic heritage of the Catholic Church, by providing an integrated view of data regarding churches, the artwork and items of worship they contain, library and archive funds of diocesan and religious institutes, with a special focus on cultural, scientific and pastoral care aspects, in order to provide an authoritative tool for users to know more about these...
Topics: BeWeB, Italian ecclesiastical cultural heritage
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10067
The Virtual International Authority File (VIAF) is a joint experiment of the Library of Congress (LC), the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek (DNB), and the Bibliothèque Nationale de France (BNF) with Online Computer Library Center (OCLC). Started in 2000, VIAF is a linking between authority records of the participant national agencies, that are freely on the net through a global authority service, and provided with crush algorithms. Through its interface, the system allows the virtual search of...
Topics: Virtual International Authority File, Authority control, Open Archive Initiative, International...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4520
Terminology and multilingualism have been one of the main focuses of the Athena Project. Linked Heritage as a legacy of this project also deals with terminology and bring theory to practice applying the recommendations given in the Athena Project. Linked Heritage as a direct follow-up of these recommendations on terminology and multilingualism is currently working on the development of a Terminology Management Platform (TMP). This platform will allow any cultural institution to register,...
Topics: Athena Project, Library linked data, Michael Project, Terminology Management Platform, TMP
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5471
A clear definition of stack management has never been analyzed in the Italian professional literature in its activities, practices, and indications on how to move collections. However, some surveys of the University of Chicago reveal that users report the impossibility to retrieve books directly from library shelves, and untreaceable or lost books, as one of the main reasons fro their dissatisfaction with library services. The Council of Australian State Libraries (CASL) defines stack...
Topics: Collections, Shelves, Shelf-reading, Stack management, Book moves
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4582
The purpose of this study is to analyze some correspondence exchanges to surface links between recurrent entities found in documents, which form a complex network in which correspondents, books, articles and persons cited in the letters, quoted entities linked to academic world and the documents themselves are linked together. The perspective of the multidimensionality of the environment in which sources are, which is composed by the vertical dimension – the correspondence containing the...
Topics: Correspondence, Inter-archival link, Multidimensionality, Network.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12582
Issued in early 2011, the Ghent Declaration invites the EC to take up the current opportunities for increasing the circulation of knowledge beyond the aims of the OpenAIRE initiative.
Topics: ERA, Europe, Open Access, OpenAIRE.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8634
Ten years after the Budapest Open Access Initiative, the same proponents prepare the plan for setting the default on Open Access during the next ten years.
Topics: BOAI, Open Access, Scholarly communication
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8631
Intellectual freedom has a continual implementation at library, particularly in collection development. This article first examines intellectual freedom and censorship in some statements of IFLA, of few European library associations and, last, of ALA. The ALA’s tools to defend intellectual freedom are then analyzed, focusing in particular, compliant to the specific ALA “manual”, on collections development and selection policies and on resources reconsideration procedure, as tools for...
Topics: Intellectual freedom, Censorship, Collection development policy, Collection selection policy,...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12615
The article sets out to investigate the meaning, role and implications of some information management approaches used in Digital Library practice. A greater focus on innovation in managing online resources and on improving their interoperability can be achieved by normalizing metadata schemas through interoperable standards, world-wide accepted controlled vocabularies as well as by their enrichment through qualitatively constructed ontologies and linked data, which are key to the expansion of...
Topics: Digital library, FRBR, Linked data, LODe-BD, Metadata, SWAP
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4663
The purpose of this study is to analyze some correspondence exchanges to surface links between recurrent entities found in documents, which form a complex network in which correspondents, books, articles and persons cited in the letters, quoted entities linked to academic world and the documents themselves are linked together.The perspective of the multidimensionality of the environment in which sources are, which is composed by the vertical dimension – the correspondence containing the...
Topics: Correspondence, Inter-archival link, Multidimensionality, Network.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12582
Starting from some general thoughts on the relationship discipline-phenomenon within the Bliss bibliographic classification (2. ed.), the article offers an overview of the architecture of a specific field: economics. The difficulties in systematizing the discipline, and the quick diffusion of acronyms and new definitions - created by abbreviation or combination of existing words - lead to a full structural revision of the T entry, Economics & Management of economic enterprise, that at the...
Topics: Bliss Bibliographic Classification, BC2, Classification, Economics, FATKS
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/34
Why a Linked data Seminar? Linked data provides a new language in the world of global communication: from the public administration, banks, insurance companies, to archives, libraries and museums. Global communication via Linked Data is about using the Web to connect related data that wasn't previously linked, or using the Web to lower the barriers to linking data currently linked using other methods.
Topic: lod
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/6307
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Margherita Bartoli
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The paper explores the strategies and methods for preserving Linked Open Data (LOD). To this aim it first presents an overview of the main scientific initiatives that have dealt with this topic. Then it describes some digital technologies that may result useful for preserving LOD, providing some insights on their application to LOD. It also provides a concrete example of implementation of the Semantic Web technologies for preserving Linked Data. Finally, it suggests some specific themes and...
Topics: Digital Preservation, Linked Data, LOD, OAIS, Semantic Web.
In the historiography of librarianship and information work, the development of librarianship during the Belle Époque (1871-1914) has been somewhat overshadowed by the heroic and ultimately unsuccessful projects of Otlet, the Royal Society, and others to bring about bibliographic control of the world’s scholarly literature. In this article, an attempt is made to determine the issues which preoccupied an emerging Anglo-American library profession during this period. It is based on...
Topics: Librarianship, Anglo-American, Belle Époque, Professionalization, Modernization, USA, UK.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12566
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Redazione JLIS.it
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Issued in 2009, the Alhambra declaration aims at promoting common policies for Open Access in the South of Europe.
Topics: Open Access policies, Scholarly communication, Southern Europe.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8632
 Issued in 2003, the Berlin Declaration aims to promote the Internet as a functional instrument for a global scientific knowledge base and human reflection and to specify measures which research policy makers, research institutions, funding agencies, libraries, archives and museums need to consider.
Topics: Open Access, Scholarly communication
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8625
The expression Cloud Computing is used for referring to a variety of platforms supplying application and resources displaced into the net. Applications to libraries are many: email services; the possibility of developing new tasks without investing resources in hardware; digital resources preservation; library catalogue management, and so on. One of the strongest aspects of this system is the flexible payment (pay-as-you-go), depending on release ways and on real usage. Benefits for...
Topics: Cloud computing, Digital preservation, Libraries, Information and communication technology,...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4527
This contribution will focus on the aims of the Rare Books’ Section of the Vatican Library. Taking as a start the analytical cataloging of incunabula, the Section will deal with similar cataloging of the books printed in the 16th century and later. Analytical cataloging requires deep skill in reading and interpreting the features which bear witness to the book’s journey through history: handwritten notes, coats of arms, owners’ identification, printers’ marks,...
Topics: Rare Book's Section, Vatican Library, catalogue
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10065