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Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences

The Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences (ISS PAS) [Instytut Slawistyki Polskiej Akademii Nauk] was founded in 1954 in Warsaw, Poland. The Institute carries out interdisciplinary research on the languages, literatures, culture, history and national structures of Slavic countries. The Institute publishes 8 specialist periodicals and ca. 10 monographs annually in these fields.



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Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
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A Contrastive Study of Bulgarian, Polish and Ukrainian Phraseology   This book is devoted to research on the latest phraseological resources of Slavic languages which so far have not been compared in terms of potential similarities in their developmental tendencies. The study identifies the course of tendencies in the development of phraseological resources, pinpoints the units which are highly active in the languages under discussion, and examines similarities and differences in the creation...
Topics: Bulgarian phraseology, Polish phraseology, Ukrainian phraseology, language corpus, phraseological...
Tematem monografii jest wpływ tzw. czarnego romantyzmu na współczesną literaturę popularną: polską, jak również zagraniczną. Inspiracją do przeprowadzenia takiej analizy są poglądy niektórych badaczy, twierdzących, że romantyzm w Polsce wymaga reinterpretacji, przez lata był bowiem kojarzony głównie z hasłami narodowowyzwoleńczymi i wieloma stereotypami. Obecnie coraz częściej postrzega się go jednak jako zjawisko estetyczno-filozoficzne, rzadziej niż w przeszłości...
Topics: Dark Romanticism, popular literature, Gothicism, Polish fantasy literature, crime fiction, young...
Some Notions about Polish Digital Humanities in the Linguistic Perspective This article is devoted to selected aspects of digital humanities in Poland, especially academic communication and linguistic metalanguage. Considerations in this respect have so far focused primarily on topics related to the use of digital tools in humanities research rather than those concerning the ontological status of this research field. This paper presents the impact of issues associated with digital humanities on...
Topics: digital bibliography, digital humanities, Polish language, word-formation, terminology
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Mirosław Jankowiak
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From the Research on Latvian Dialectal Lexis Review Benita Laumane, Zvejasrīku nosaukumi latvijas piekrastē [Names of Fishing Gear on the Latvian Coast], Liepāja: Liepājas Universitāte, Kurzemes Humanitārais institūts, 2019, 507 pp. This article is a review of the work entitled Zvejasrīku nosaukumi latvijas piekrastē [Names of Fishing Gear on the Latvian Coast], written by the Latvian linguist from Liepāja – Benita Laumane. The study consists of two major parts. The first one,...
Topics: Latvian language, Latvian dialects, lexis, fishing vocabulary
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Krzysztof Tomasz Witczak
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Finno-Ugric Borrowings in Yatvingian This paper considers 15 Yatvingian words suspected of being borrowed from a Finno-Ugric source. The hypothesis is rejected in the case of five lexical units, while two further proposals are considered uncertain. The following words are verified as Finno-Ugricisms: Yatv. aiga ‘end’ (← Balto-Finnic *akja ‘id.’); Yatv. ajki ‘time’ (← BF. *ajka ‘id.’); Yatv. fała ‘meat’ (← FU. *pala ‘bite; to eat’); Yatv. ławe ‘boat’ (← FU....
Topics: borrowings, language contact, substrate, Uralic languages, Yatvingian
The Last Citizen of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania: The Editor Ludwik Abramowicz (1879–1939) and the Idea of Krajowość Ludwik Abramowicz was one of the main ideologists of the idea of krajowość in its liberal-democratic version. He defended its principles even in the interwar period, when Poland was dominated by the policy of assimilation of national minorities and relations with Lithuania had the character of a cold war. Thanks to Abramowicz, Przegląd Wileński [Vilnius Review]...
Topics: national movements at the beginning of the 20th century, national idea, tolerance, Lithuanian...
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Małgorzata Kasner
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The Intertext of Vilnius in the Works of Vaidotas Daunys The aim of the present article is to analyse the intertext of Vilnius in the works of the Lithuanian poet, essayist and editor Vaidotas Daunys (1958–1995) by drawing on the categories of intertextuality and intertext (J. Kristeva, R. Barthes, M. Riffaterre, M. Głowiński, S. Balbus, R. Nycz). In Daunys’ poems and essays, the reader perceives Vilnius as a mental construct, multilayered structure of meaning or a complex metaphor...
Topics: Lithuanian literature, Vaidotas Daunys, Vilnius, intertextuality, intertext of Vilnius, Christian...
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Orysia Demska; Pavlo Levchuk
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The Urbanonimia of Ukraine in the Context of Decommunization This article concerns the changing situation regarding toponyms in Ukraine, from the country’s regaining of independence to the present day. The article identifies two waves of decommunization. The first occured between the regaining independence in 1991 and 1995. The second wave began with the Revolution of Dignity in 2013–2014 and continues to this day. In the second part of the article, toponyms connected with Poland are...
Topics: the Ukrainian language, the Polish language, toponymy, decommunization
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Michał Kozłowski
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Pier Paolo Pasolini’s Pendulum Swing on Fascism The following work is a case study. Its purpose is to reconstruct a particular situation involving the recognition and understanding of fascism. This situation is determined by both history and the social dynamics of the present day. The time and place is Italy of the 1960s and 70s, the observer – Pier Paolo Pasolini. But not because he offers us an original, complex and versatile theory of fascism. On the contrary, Pasolini can be superficial...
Topics: Pasolini, fascism, communism, working class, history of Italy
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Anna Boguska; Ewelina Drzewiecka; Dorota Gil; Agata Jawoszek-Goździk; Celina Juda; Damian Kubik; Lech Miodyński; Katarzyna Sudnik; Jasmina Šuler-Galos; Ewa Wróblewska-Trochimiuk; Roksani D. Argiropulu; Agnieszka Ayşen Kaim; Nina Dimitrowa; Paulina Dominik; Ikaros Mantuwalos; Aleksandra Sfoini
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Piąty tom obszernej (dziesięcioczęściowej) monografii, opracowanej przez slawistów polskich (przy współpracy uczonych z kilku ośrodków zagranicznych) w ramach grantu NCN OPUS (2014/13/B/HS2/01057). Całości nadana została forma leksykonu, którego główny korpus składa się z haseł-artykułów na temat historii 27 wybranych idei najpierw antycypujących, a następnie modelujących procesy modernizacyjne w regionie: agraryzm, anarchizm, ewolucja, humanizm, historia, kapitalizm,...
Topics: history of ideas, Balkans, culture, schooling, humanism, kultura izobraževanje humanizem...
Book Review: Nadège Ragaru, “Et les Juifs bulgares furent sauvés”: Une histoire des saviors sur la Shoah en Bulgarie This presentation reviews a recent book by the French historian and political scientist Nadège Ragaru, analyzing how Bulgarian society has been dealing with the fate of the Bulgarian Jews during World War II. Pressurized by its Nazi German ally to send 20,000 Bulgarian Jews to extermination camps then located in the General Government, a part of the former Republic of...
Topics: Bulgaria, Jews, Holocaust, salvation, deportation
The White Stork as a Linguistic Specimen, or Croatian-Polish Linguistic Wanderings The analysis, presented in the article aims to present the white stork as a linguistic specimen, i.e. biological species as perceived through the prism of linguistic realisations, in this instance – in the Polish and Croatian languages. The linguistic specimen is closely connected with the linguistic picture of the world; however, in the chain that is the process of acquiring information by human beings of...
Topics: linguistic specimen, definition, linguistic image of the world, Polish language, Croatian language,...
On New Manually Aligned and Tagged Bilingual Parallel Corpora and Their Applications This article is devoted to the manually aligned and tagged bilingual parallel CLARIN-PL-BIZ corpora of the Baltic and Slavic languages which are currently being developed. The study discusses the essential features of these corpora that make their applications go far beyond typical corpus analysis. Applications of these corpora include the design of cross-language models for the development of machine...
Topics: manually aligned and tagged bilingual parallel corpora, Lithuanian language, Slavic languages,...
Language Practices in a Family of Prussian Language Revivalists: Conclusions Based on Short-Term Participant Observation The Prussian language (ISO code: prg) is a Baltic language considered to be dead since at least the beginning of the eighteenth century. The Baltic Prussians, closely related to Lithuanians and Latvians, had been conquered and Christianized by the Teutonic Order by the end of the thirteenth century. Since then, the ongoing process of assimilation led to the extinction of the...
Topics: Prussian language, Baltic languages, language revival, language activism, language practices, code...
A Typology of Word-Formation Paradigms of Polish Prefixed Verbs with the Meaning of ‘Moving Upwards’ This article offers an analysis of the derivational potential of Polish prefixed verbs with the meaning of ‘moving upwards’. The study defines a typical derivational paradigm of the verbs in focus, singles out derivational paradigm blocks based on word-class affiliation of the deverbatives, delineates structural types of derivational paradigms according to the number of such blocks, and...
Topics: derivational paradigm, particular and typical derivational paradigm, deverbatives, derivational...
Interference Between Languages in Translation (Observations Based on Polish– Russian Translations of Legal Texts) This article considers the issue of language transfer in translation. External interference is one of the most common reasons behind the lack of equivalence between the source text and the target text. Negative transfer leads to the lack of linguistic correctness as well as to modifying or altering the meaning of the translated text. In the didactics of translation, the rationale...
Topics: language interference, legal translation, translation error, interlinguistic contacts
Asterisked Entries in the Proto‑Slavic Dictionary ( Słownik prasłowiański , 1974–2001), edited by Franciszek Sławski Volumes 5–8 of the Proto-Slavic Dictionary ( Słownik prasłowiański , 1974–2001), edited by Franciszek Sławski, include 116 asterisked entries; 109 of them concern the Etymological Dictionary of Slavic Languages ( Ėtimologicheskiĭ slovarʹ slavianskikh iazykov , 1974–2018), edited by O. N. Trubachev, and the remaining 7 – other authors and Slavic dictionary...
Topics: Proto-Slavic language, etymology, Slavic etymological dictionaries, Franciszek Sławski, Oleg N....
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Justyna B. Walkowiak
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Further Remarks on the Appellativisation of the Given Name Janusz The appellativisation of a given name, especially when related to its stigmatisation, is not frequent in Polish. All the more amazing is the rapid career of the name Janusz as an appellative. The phenomenon was first apparent in such phrases as janusze plaży or janusze polskiej gospodarki , used on the Internet and in the print media in the early 2010s, with a clear peak of the popularity of this type of phraseology observed in...
Topics: appellativisation, eponyms, a typical Pole, proper names, given names, name popularity
A View From Up Close: The Concept of the Cosmos and Celestial Bodies as Culturally Tamed World The concept of the cosmos, shaped in ancient Greek philosophy, has a different meaning today. This change of meaning reflects rejection of the idea of the cosmos as order established by the gods. The author of the article, as a cultural anthropologist and amateur astronomer, describes this problem by analyzing selected examples of the concepts of the cosmos and of celestial bodies, such as Venus and...
Topics: cultural astronomy, philosophy of science, cosmos, Sirius, Venus
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Jakub Banasiak
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Built-in Argument Positions in Bulgarian and Polish The issue of built-in argument positions is not particularly popular in contemporary Slavic studies. However, some developments have occurred since the introduction of predicate-argument logic in semantic-syntactic studies. This paper focuses not only on theoretical developments but also on conclusions arising from the study of two Slavic languages: Bulgarian (an analytic language) and Polish (a synthetic language). Until now, the issue of...
Topics: Bulgarian language, Polish language, contrastive studies, linguistics, semantics, semantic...
PiS vs LGBT: The “Othering” of the LGBT Movement as an Element of Populist Radical Right Party Discourse in Poland The article explores how the LGBT movement is “othered” to fit into right-wing populist discourse and is thereby utilised as an element of a political strategy by right-wing populist actors. I focus on Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość), a Polish populist radical right party (continuously in power since 2015), whose anti-LGBT rhetoric increased anew ahead of the...
Topics: LGBT, homophobia, right wing, populism, Poland, Law and Justice party, discourse
Polish-Jewish Relations at Poznan University, 1919-1939, in Light of Archival Materials This article covers Polish-Jewish relations at Poznań University between 1919 and the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939, in light of unpublished documents from the archives of the University (since renamed Adam Mickiewicz University). It begins by describing the demographics of Poznań and the relationship between the Jewish and Polish populations of the city in 1919, the year which marked both...
Topics: Jews, university, numerus clausus, numerus nullus, bench ghetto, riots, race, nationality
High Culture on Duty or Mythology-Based Expressions in Contemporary Styles and Varieties of Polish The purpose of this article is to outline the stylistic and varietal extent of mythology-based expressions (of Graeco-Roman provenance), which include mythologically motivated linguistic units with varying formal (single words and polywords) and semantic (primary and secondary meanings) status. Due to their conventional origin, these units primarily belong to the literary variety of Polish....
Topics: mythology-based expressions, Polish language, high culture, popular culture, styles and varieties...
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
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The Image of Kresy Wschodnie in Texts of Oral History The author assumes that KRESY (former Polish Eastern Borderlands) is a characteristic culturem of Polish culture. He considers culturems as concepts which are important for self-identification, and assumes that identity has a shape of a narrative. Consequently, he recognises that the culturem KRESY may have a significant impact on shaping the identity of people associated with the former lands of the Second Polish Republic, so-called Kresy...
Topics: Kresy Wschodnie, oral history, memory, oral accounts, narrative identity, subjectivity
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Anna Gnot
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Closely Watched Biographies Introduction to the vol. 18th of Adeptus Biografie pod specjalnym nadzorem Wstęp do numeru 18 „Adeptusa”
Topic: biographies
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Ljiljana Dobrovsak; Ivana Žebec Šilj
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The Alexander Family Chronicle The paper focuses on the history of Zagreb’s prominent Jewish family, the Alexanders (or Aleksanders), who were influential in the cultural, economic and social life of the city and Croatia for almost a century. At the time of their arrival in Zagreb and after the end of the First World War, they all belonged to the Jewish religious denomination; later most of them converted to Catholicism and one was an Evangelical Christian (Protestant). The Alexander family...
Topics: Alexander family, Jews, entrepreneurs, Zagreb
New Lexis in the Interaction of Languages and Cultures: The Case of Selfie in the Lithuanian Language This article deals with the adaptation of the English neologism selfie in the Lithuanian language. It sheds light on how selfie first appeared in Australian English back in 2002 and on the socialisation and lexicalisation of this word in the English and Lithuanian languages. The aim here is to analyse the characteristics of the usage of the neologism selfie and its adapted form selfis in the...
Topics: neology, neologisms, borrowings, derivatives, language contact, social network
Religion-Based Cultural Communities in the Pre-Modern Balkans Intellectual life in the pre-modern Balkans was fragmented along religious lines. In the multi-ethnic religious communities (the Orthodox Christian, the Muslim and the Catholic), one particular “high code” language was used by the intellectual elites of the various ethnic groups as a shared means of communication in the field of worship, scholarship and literature. In addition, on behalf of the unschooled, who were ignorant of...
Topics: Balkans, Orthodox Christianity, Islam, Catholicism, diglossia
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Dorota Krystyna Rembiszewska; Janusz Siatkowski
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Lexis of the Polish-East Slavic Borderland as a Testimony to a Multilingual Past The importance of borderlands has been considered in many studies in various fields, both theoretical and empirical. In this study, the borderland is approached as a geographical term, an area in Poland which is located in close proximity to the eastern border. At the same time, this spatial understanding of the border area determines cultural, linguistic and ethnic borders, which are difficult to define precisely....
Topics: dialectal lexis, language contact, Polish-East Slavic borderland, multilingualism
The World of Plants in the Dialectal Lexis of the Polish- Belarusian Borderland: An Analysis of A Dictionary of the Local Dialect of the Bielsk Podlaski Region ( Słownik gwary bielsko-podlaszskiej ) This article presents a lexical analysis of vocabulary related to plants used in the Polish-Belarusian borderland. Source material comes from A Dictionary of the Local Dialect of the Bielsk Podlaski Region ( Słownik gwary bielsko-podlaszskiej / Slovnik hovu͡оrki b’el’sko-pudl’ashskuĭ ) by...
Topics: dialectal lexis, East Slavic dialect, Polish-Belarusian borderland, dictionary, semantic fields,...
Biblical Anthroponyms and Toponyms in the Ukrainian Language: Basic Vectors of Research Development This article considers the main features of the functioning and development of biblical anthroponyms in the modern Ukrainian language. On the one hand, proper names associated with religion serve to reflect the religious map of the world, on the other – they undergo desacralization and resacralization. This means that their pragmatic potential can expand and they can acquire non-religious...
Topics: biblical anthroponyms, biblical toponyms, biblical words and expressions, sacralization,...
Oral History as a Selection of Sources: Discussion Around „O tym nie wolno mówić…” Zagłada Żydów w opowieściach wspomnieniowych ze zbiorów Dionizjusza Czubali [“We Are Not Allowed to Speak About It...” The Extermination of Jews in Memoirs from the Collection of Dionizjusz Czubala] This article reviews the book „O tym nie wolno mówić…” Zagłada Żydów w opowieściach wspomnieniowych ze zbiorów Dionizjusza Czubali [“We Are Not Allowed to Speak About It...” The...
Topics: Dionizjusz Czubala, Holocaust, memory, historical sources, oral history, ethnography, eliciting...
Niniejsza monografia jest poświęcona procesom nominalizacyjnym w zdaniach wyrażających relację przyczynowo-skutkową, tj. takich, które można parafrazować czystymi kauzatywami (werbalnymi eksponentami predykatu kauzalnego). Predykat ten sam w sobie jest modelowany zgodnie z teorią aspektu S. Karolaka. Biorąc pod uwagę nieteoretyczny charakter monografii, jej główne zalety leżą w opisie faktów językowych. Zastosowanie teorii struktur predykatowo-argumentowych pozwala na pełny...
Topics: causal relation, Polish language, Bulgarian language, semantics, syntax, predicate-argument...
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Małgorzata Ostrówka; Ewa Golachowska; Liene Lieģeniece
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Pamiętnik dla dzieci [A Memoir for Children] by Helena Masalska: A Testimony of Twentieth-Century Latvian Polish This article presents Pamiętnik dla dzieci [A Memoir for Children] by Helena Masalska, a text which may not be very long but is certainly important for scholars documenting the Latvian variety of twentieth-century Polish. Written in a colloquial variety of the language in 1992, the memoir tells about the childhood and the youth of the author, born in 1917. The study considers the...
Topics: Polish language, Latvia, 20th century, memoir, sociolinguistic situation, interference
Language Contact Between Lithuanian and Polish in the Historical Anthroponymy of Kėdainiai Town of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries This article presents Lithuanian naming trends specific to residents of Kėdainiai in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, underlining characteristic cases of Polonisation of their personal names and the most significant factors that affected the recording of anthroponyms in town books. Historical records from the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries...
Topics: Kėdainiai, 17th–18th centuries, Kėdainiai residents, surnames, Polonisation
The Jewish Identity of the “Unexpected Generation” in the Context of the Upbringing Model in a Mixed Family The goal of the article is to introduce one of the youngest Jewish generations in Poland, known as the “unexpected generation”, based on my own research and the findings of other researchers. At the same time, I consider the essence of upbringing in a mixed family and its consequences for the socio-cultural identity of this generation. I look at ways of constructing patterns of...
Topics: Jews, generations, identity, mixed marriages, ethnicity, exogamy
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Dorota Karwacka-Pastor
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Tracing Facts: Parweniusz z rodowodem [A Parvenu with a Pedigree] by Jarosław Górski Parweniusz z rodowodem [A Parvenu with a Pedigree] is a biography of Tadeusz Dołęga-Mostowicz, the most popular Polish writer of the interwar period. Jarosław Górski deals with the black legend of the writer, rumours and sensational hearsay about his life, which has been spread for years and which, as the biographer proves, has not been confirmed by facts. Górski carries out a thorough verification of...
Topics: biography, literature, Tadeusz Dołęga-Mostowicz, writer, interwar period
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Katarzyna Wrzesińska
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Wojciech J. Burszta (22 March 1957 – 5 February 2021) The text is dedicated to the memory of Professor Wojciech J. Burszta. Wojciech J. Burszta (22 marca 1957 – 5 lutego 2021) Tekst poświęcony pamięci Profesora Wojciecha J. Burszty.
Topics: Wojciech J. Burszta, cultural anthropology, cultural studies, Sprawy Narodowościowe: Seria nowa
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Ewa Wróblewska-Trochimiuk
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Trapped in Concepts This paper aims at reviewing a publication entitled Conculture. Dimensions of cultural participation among young immigrants from Ukraine in Poland by Anna Jawor, Urszula Markowska-Manista and Marta J. Pietrusińska. W pułapce pojęć Tekst jest recenzją publikacji Konkultura. Wymiary uczestnictwa w kulturze młodych imigrantów z Ukrainy w Polsce , autorstwa Anny Jawor, Urszuli Markowskiej-Manisty i Marty J. Pietrusińskiej.
Topics: conculture, cultural participation, immigrants, Ukraine, engaged humanities
The Concept Human: New Achievements and Prospects. Iryna Harbera, “Movnoarealʹne pole kontseptu liudyna: Frazeokodovyĭ rivenʹ i linhvokompʹiuterne modeliuvannia” (TOV “Nilan-LTD”, Vinnytsia 2018, ss. 170) The article is a review of an interesting and significant work which summarizes the qualification features of concepts in the modern linguistic paradigm. The specificity of the verbal objectification of concepts is characterized by means of areal phraseology and the concept human...
Topics: areal phraseology, classification of phraseological units, concept, culture code, linguistic...
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Katarzyna Kotyńska
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Ways of Othering: Literary Image of Russians in Habsburg Lviv The popular image of multicultural Lviv/Lwów in general, and under Habsburg rule in particular, usually excludes Russians from the group of genuine city dwellers. The main aim of this paper is to analyze the few portrayals of Russians in literary texts relating to the period of WWI. I compare Polish strategies of othering Russians as barbarians and an insidious element, prevalent in the literature for young readers of the 1920s,...
Topics: Lwów, Lviv, stereotype, othering, Ukrainian literature, Polish literature
Religion Within the Theoretical Field of Contemporary Balkan S cholars (In the Context of the Collapse of the Former Yugoslavia) This study aims to describe and analyse the main topics and trends in the study of religion in contemporary Balkan countries. It pays special attention to the contemporary sociology of religion in the former Yugoslavian countries: Croatia, Slovenia, Serbia, North Macedonia, Montenegro, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Various theoretical approaches are presented that are...
Topics: study of religion, main topics and approaches, sociology of religion, former Yugoslavian countries,...
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Tomasz Kurdyła
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How Polish Cactus Growers “Talk” About Their Plants The hobby cultivation of cacti in Poland dates back to the 19th century, but it flourished most in the 1930s and 1960s. The language of cactus growers has developed in two official and colloquial varieties, in both of which official botanical terminology predominates. In the colloquial variety, jargon synonyms often appear. They are created by morphological derivation (decomposition and suffixation), less often, they are usually created by...
Topics: language varieties, sociolect, botanical terminology, linguistic image of the world, cacti growing
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Tjaša Markežič
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Feminine Forms Derived from Masculine Nouns in Slovenian Idioms This article deals with feminine forms derived from masculine nouns in Slovenian idioms, collected in different dictionaries of Slovenian idioms. Examining the Gigafida 2.0 corpus indicates that the use of such idioms or parts thereof in everyday language is fairly widespread, and the examples are chosen to indicate the possible variety of these elements. We also noticed that a woman as a social being is still neglected. Some...
Topics: Slovenian language, word formation, idioms, feminatives, corpus
The (Transforming) Role of Intellectuals in the Process of the “Atheization” of Czech Society in the 2nd Half of 20th Century The article deals with resonance, development, and changes in various forms of atheism in the works of Czech, especially Marxist, intellectuals in the second half of the 20th century. Attention is also paid to their influence on public opinion, especially in connection with a rise in negative attitude of a large part of the Czech public towards religion. The study is...
Topics: atheism, materialism, anticlericalism, Marxism-Leninism, dialogue, scientific atheism, ideology,...
Crossing the Boundaries of Dialect – the Case of Silesia: A Functional Analysis The article presents the results of a functional analysis of Silesian texts used in internet communication. The linguistic corpus consists of texts from portals and websites related to Upper Silesia, Opole Silesia and Cieszyn Silesia (including the Czech part). If the Silesian isolect is used as the main means of communication, all communication functions can be performed. Texts in the Silesian code particularly...
Topics: Internet language, stylization, Silesian dialects, Silesia, communication functions
The French in the Inmate Hierarchy of Auschwitz-Birkenau: GIS in Historical Research – Introduction to a Research Project The aim of this article is to identify a research problem concerning the French prisoners of Auschwitz-Birkenau, and to discuss preliminary results of a PhD project conducted at the Institute of History, Polish Academy of Sciences. As planned, the implementation of the project will involve the use of methods offered by widely understood information technologies, such as...
Topics: Auschwitz, concentration camp, spatial humanities, QGIS, Georeferencer
Saidiya Hartman and Wayward Biographies: What Can Black Herstories Do for the Polish “People’s Turn”? This article presents on the method of “critical fabulation”, developed by American academic Saidiya Hartman with a view to reconstructing lost biographies of black women from the period of slavery and shortly thereafter. Hartman’s controversial method finds its ethical and epistemological justification, which the author of the article tries to reconstruct. The study also discusses...
Topics: critical fabulation, slavery, race, counter-archive, emancipation, agency, people’s turn,...
Western Region Variety of the Standard Ukrainian Language in the Interwar Period: A Review of Liudmyla Pidkuĭmukha’s Monograph Mova Lʹvova, abo koly ĭ batiary hovoryly (Kyiv: Klio, 2020, ss. 326) The reviewed monograph is the first extensive paper on the vocabulary of the western variant of the Ukrainian language based on the texts of the ‘Twelve’, an interwar literary circle of writers from Lʹviv. The paper highlights the social dialects that functioned in Lʹviv during the interwar...
Topics: western variant of standard Ukrainian, Lʹviv dialect, Lʹviv speech, Batyar phenomenon
Reflection on Lexicography in Prefaces to Historical Translation Dictionaries This article aims to examine the scope of information included in prefaces to historical bilingual or trilingual dictionaries. An analysis of prefaces to eighteen Polish-Latin and Latin-Polish dictionaries made it possible to indicate the most frequently discussed issues: references to dictionaries by earlier authors; description of the addressee and the purpose of the dictionary, praise of the work; notes on the...
Topics: history of Polish lexicography, lexicographic awareness, historical Polish-Latin dictionaries,...
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Arleta Łuczak
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List of Publications by Dr hab. Elżbieta Kędelska The paper provides a list of publications by Dr hab. Elżbieta Kędelska. Wykaz publikacji dr hab. Elżbiety Kędelskiej Artykuł stanowi wykaz publikacji dr hab. Elżbiety Kędelskiej.
Topics: Elżbieta Kędelska, bibliography
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Małgorzata Borowska
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The Slavic Homer: From Grigorios Stavridis to Grigor Prličev In 1860 Stavridis/Prličev’s poem Armatol unexpectedly won him the University of Athens poetry competition, which met with opposition from part of the Greek community and a smear campaign in the press. Despite his declarations of having a “Hellenic heart”, the author from Ohrid was not well received by Athenian society. He took part in the competition once more two years later, this time trying to match Homer himself and...
Topics: Stavridis, Prličev, Homer, "Skanderbeg", epic, University of Athens poetry competition
The Actualisation of the L'viv Dialect in the Works of Yurii Vynnychuk The article offers an analysis of the actualisation of Ukrainian vocabulary, primarily in the Galician dialect. Yurii Vynnychuk's novels Tsenzor sniv (Eng. Dream Censor ) and Tango smerti (Eng. The Tango of Death ) have been chosen as sources for this research. Particular attention is paid to vocabulary for naming abstract notions, some polite words, and vocabulary relating to L'viv domestic life. Furthermore, the semantic...
Topics: actualisation, western variant of standard Ukrainian, L'viv dialect, L'viv speech
The Sonority Sequencing Principle and the Structure of Slovak Consonant Clusters In line with the Sonority Sequencing Principle (SSP), the centre of the syllable is the most sonorous sound and the sonority of the other segments in the syllable drops towards the syllable edges. Nevertheless, in many languages, there are syllable onsets and codas that violate this principle of sonority. Following the functional approach proposed by Jerzy Kuryłowicz, types of word/syllable-initial and...
Topics: sonority principle, consonant cluster, Slovak language, sonority violation
Croatian and Serbian War Crimes, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, and the Judicial Systems of Serbia and Croatia The war in former Yugoslavia (1991–1995) was marked by war crimes which still affect Serbian–Croatian political relations. The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), which operated between 1993–2017, was supposed to pass fair verdicts on those responsible for war crimes, but its verdicts have been surrounded by...
Topics: Serbia, Croatia, International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, war crimes, genocide
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Anna Kaganiec-Kamieńska
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Borders and Boundaries, Real and Symbolic: The Case of Puerto Rico The aim of this article is to outline the real and symbolic borders and boundaries, of geographical, political, cultural and racial nature, in the history and present of Puerto Rico, and their role in shaping and transforming the Puerto Rican identity. The main part of the article focuses on the borders and boundaries between Puerto Rico and the United States. The second part looks at the lines dividing the population in the...
Topics: Puerto Rico, United States, Nuyoricans, diaspora, boundaries, borders, identity
We Are the Forest : Slovaks in the Mirror of the Ecological Initiative My sme les The aim of this article is to explore the common points between the ecological movement and citizenship by discussing My sme les , a Slovak citizens’ initiative to protect Slovak forests. The Slovaks’ involvement in nature conservation as demonstrated by the My sme les campaign was recognised here not only as a manifestation of global trends in changing ecological awareness but also as a reflection of the...
Topics: Slovakia, ecological movement, forest, Deep Ecology, civil society
The Filmawka Website as an Example of New Electronic Media: An Analysis of the Website’s Style Based on Selected Texts Informational websites make a perfect example of new electronic media. They are very vulnerable to external factors and to changes in writing style over time, which stems from the dynamics of expression and their general accessibility. As a result, the texts which appear on such websites are varied, depending on the time of their publication. They also deviate from standards...
Topics: Filmawka, new media, language, linguistics, media
Seeing History in the Present: Reflections on the Concept of “Contaminated Landscapes” The essay takes the 2014 book Kontaminierte Landschaften [Contaminated Landscapes] by the Austrian journalist and writer Martin Pollack as an opportunity to explore relationships between landscapes, (marked) places, and memory. In considering the relationship between the metaphorical (literary) image of contaminated landscapes and the actual crime scenes, I focus on the mass shootings of Jews by the...
Topics: (post)-holocaust landscapes, memory, space
Epic Fail: About Two Photographic Projects The paper discusses images of failure in Polish photography created in 1970–2000, drawing on three particular projects: Archeology of Photography by Jerzy Lewczyński and the exhibitions The New Documentalists (2006) and Postdocument: Missing Documents: Documents of the Polish Transformation After 1989 (2012). As such, it concentrates on documentary, or post-documentary, photography which suffers no illusions as to the mimetic power of the medium,...
Topics: photography, document, archive, Jerzy Lewczyński, New Documentalists, archeology of photography
The Language of Czech Politicians as an Example of Mixing Language Codes in Official Communication Situations The topic of this article is the language of politicians from two different cultural and linguistic circles that were active in politics after the Velvet Revolution (1989): Miloš Zeman and Karel Schwarzenberg. On the basis of selected statements from both these politicians, the topics they discuss will be presented using different language codes of the Czech language. This article...
Topics: Czech language codes, political communication, Miloš Zeman, Karel Schwarzenberg
The Current Status of the Polish Language in Ivano-Frankivsk (Formerly Stanislaviv) This paper analyses the present status of the Polish language in the Ukrainian city of Ivano-Frankivsk (formerly Stanislaviv) and the challenges which it faces. The Polish language is a minority language in the city. National identity statistics from the censuses of 1931 and 2001 are analysed. The paper examines the following institutions and areas of Polish language usage and vitality: the activities of the...
Topics: sociolinguistics, borders, state language policy, national minority language, area of language use,...
The Holocaust in Southern Ukraine: The Response of Survived Jews of Kalinindorf District after the German Occupation Based on archival documents and published and unpublished materials of oral history, the paper offers an overview of the Holocaust in the Kalinindorf district (territories of modern-day Kherson and Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine) and the reaction of survived Jews after their return from evacuation and the front. Through particular cases, the paper shows the variants of behaviour and...
Topics: Holocaust, Ukraine, Kherson region, Jewish agrarian settlements, German occupation
A literary Piece as a Sociological Work: The Concept of Modernity in Karel Čapek’s War With the Newts In this text, I interpret Karel Čapek’s novel War With the Newts (1936) as a sociological work and analyze the concept of the modern age that it presents. First, I show in what sense Čapek’s work was sociological. Following Theodor Adorno, I suggest that the difference between literature and sociology is not of a fundamental but of a historical and analytical nature, and that what...
Topics: Karel Čapek, "War With the Newts", Theodor W. Adorno, literature, sociology
Oddana do rąk czytelników książka jest próbą opracowania znaczeń i funkcji, jakie w najnowszej chorwackiej prozie insularnej odgrywa wyspa, co więcej, próbą, która ma doprowadzić do zanegowania potocznego, trywialnego i wyłącznie turystycznego wyobrażenia o kraju. Przedmiotem opisu jest osiem współczesnych, tzn. powstałych w drugiej połowie XX i na początku XXI wieku, książek (powieści i zbiorów opowiadań), których akcja rozgrywa się na wybranych wyspach wschodniego...
Topics: contemporary Croatian fiction, island, insular fiction, Croatian literature – 20th century,...
From Formality to Familiarity: Greeting Formulas in Emails Written by Teachers to Parents The purpose of the article is the analysis of greeting formulas in emails written by teachers to parents. The linguistic material is based on 513 email messages sent to parents by means of an online parent portal (e-dziennik). The messages in question were sent by teachers representing a number of schools in Lesser Poland Province. The formal relationship between the participants of the communication and...
Topics: email, official style, linguistic politeness, language of teachers, changes in linguistic politeness
Family Names Derived from Given Names and Surnames: A Study of Selected Anthroponyms in the Villages of Antonivka and Boryskovychi in the Early to Mid-Twentieth Century This article analyses the origins of family names and the duration of their functioning in rural anthroponymics on the basis of the anthroponymy of the south of the Volyn region in the early to mid-twentieth century. The study examines the semantic and word-formation structure of anthroponyms in the area, identifies...
Topics: family nomination, anthroponym, given name, appellative, word-formation group
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Tjaša Markežič
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Feminitives in Contemporary Slovene Music This article focuses on the use of feminine forms derived from masculine nouns in contemporary Slovene music. Feminine nouns denoting persons were extracted from selected song lyrics and analysed in terms of their word formation. Based on the analysis of feminine forms derived from masculine nouns it is suggested that in music women are often sexualised – their overall image implies sexuality and is clearly based on male fantasies, linguistic reality...
Topics: Slovene language, word formation, feminine nouns, suffixes, music
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Людмила [Liudmila] Ф. [F.] Фомина [Fomina]
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Cosmonymy in Slavic Translations of the Biblical Book of Job This article explores the names of Venus, Pleiades, the Great Bear and Orion’s Belt in Slavic translations of the biblical Book of Job. The author proposes hypotheses about the etymology of Church Slavonic names for the following celestial objects: (1) the name денница for Venus originates from folk cosmonymy and was introduced into religious discourse by Apostle of the Slavs Constantine-Cyril, (2) the name...
Topics: Book of Job, cosmonyms, translation practice of Cyril and Methodius, Ostrog Bible, Russian Synodal...
Bombs in Vilnius: Radicalization of Antisemitic Attitudes and Practices Before World War II On the eve of the Holocaust Poland saw enormous acts of antisemitic violence in every aspect of everyday life. This article proposes an analysis of antisemitic acts and actions that under Polish rule took place in Vilnius. In early 1937, the city witnessed a wave of antisemitic bomb attacks. Vilnius violence is set in the context of pogroms in other cities, but it remains an example and a specific model...
Topics: antisemitism, far-right movement, terrorism, university, collective violence, interwar period
On the History of Absolute Failure: Criticism of Religion in the Essays of Josef Šafařík The article presents the thought of Czech dissident and essayist Josef Šafařík (1907–1992). A characteristic feature of Šafařík’s texts is deep criticism of culture. The sharpness of this criticism is directed against technocratic civilization, although it is not only a criticism of widely understood modernity. Šafařík sees the source of mankind’s existential crisis in religion, which...
Topics: Josef Šafařík, criticism of religion, cultural criticism, crisis of civilization, Czech essay
The Polish Language in Egypt: Current Status and Speakers’ Preferences The article describes multilingualism and language preferences of the Polish community living in Egypt. The present paper is a first study of multilingualism involving both Polish and Arabic. Field study was carried out in October – December 2020 using surveys and face-to-face interviews. This includes 54 persons who belong mainly to the first generation of migrants, as well as the second and third generation of Polish...
Topics: multilingualism, Polish, Arabic, Polish community in Egypt
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Anna Boguska; Ida Ciesielska; Marta Cmiel-Bażant; Ewelina Drzewiecka; Dorota Gil; Agata Jawoszek-Goździk; Celina Juda; Damian Kubik; Lech Miodyński; Katarzyna Sudnik; Jasmina Šuler-Galos; Grażyna Szwat-Gyłybowa; Ewa Wróblewska-Trochimiuk
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Dziesiąty tom obszernej (dziesięcioczęściowej) monografii, opracowanej przez slawistów polskich (przy współpracy uczonych z kilku ośrodków zagranicznych) w ramach grantu NCN OPUS (2014/13/B/HS2/01057). Całości nadana została forma leksykonu, którego główny korpus składa się z haseł-artykułów na temat historii 27 wybranych idei najpierw antycypujących, a następnie modelujących procesy modernizacyjne w regionie: agraryzm, anarchizm, ewolucja, humanizm, historia, kapitalizm,...
Topics: history of ideas, Balkans, collective imageries, common-sense thought
Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
by Ewa Wróblewska-Trochimiuk
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The Power of 1989: New Perspectives on Revolutions This article is a review of The Long 1989: Decades of Global Revolution , a collective volume edited by Piotr H. Kosicki and Kyrill Kunakhovich, published in 2019 by CEU Press. O sile roku 1989. Nowe spojrzenia na rewolucje Tekst stanowi prezentację i recenzję publikacji The Long 1989: Decades of Global Revolution pod redakcją Piotra H. Kosickiego i Kyrilla Kunakhovicha, opublikowanej w 2019 roku przez wydawnictwo CEU Press.
Topics: 1989, revolution, social movements, Central and Eastern Europe
The Process of Becoming Multilingual: Individual Language Biographies of Poles in Bukovina This article focuses on multilingual female speakers born in Bukovina in the 1920s using the language biography method. Analysing selected language biographies of Poles living in southern and northern Bukovina entails focusing on a heritage language. The language biography method shows the development process of individual language awareness. The cases analysed in the study indicate that it is difficult...
Topics: language biography, heritage language, individual multilingualism, Polish language outside Poland,...