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tv   BBC World News  WHUT  May 21, 2010 6:30pm-7:00pm EDT

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>> "bbc world news" is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. ♪ >> union bank has put its global financial strength to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news."
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>> make the worst offenders pay. europe's new plan to tackle the eurozone debt crisis. the u.s. warns north korea the torpedo attack that sunk a south korean ship will not go unanswered. after weeks of violent protest against his rule, the they prime minister -- the thai prime minister says his country is calm. welcome to "bbc world news." coming up later, a former rebel leader is sworn in as president of southern sudan. is independence the next step? an the family feud that ended in tragedy. a british couple and their daughter shot dead in pakistan.u
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>> hello. as another turbulent week in europe ends, the financial markets have been on a roller coaster ride, driven down by fears of a repeat of the greek crisis, held up by any piece of good news. the bailout fund, nearly $1 trillion of it. the markets have been unconvinced. ministers have tried to address that bicepping the need for sanctions against countries that run up too much debt. this was just what germany wanted so parliament in berlin has approved the german contribution to the rescue package. the bbc's economic editor stephanie flanders reports from brussels. >> it was the great symbol of european unity. now the crisis for the single currency risks tearing europe apart. emergency budget cuts have sent thousands of people onto the street. global markets have swung wildly as investors have
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wondered where this crisis will spread. in practice, it's already revolutionized the eurozone with multibillion eurobailout, even when the rule says there shouldn't be bailouts at all. now these men and women have to change europe's formal institutions to keep up. >> i could feel a sense of uveragetcy and the spirit of cooperation around the table. flfs a strong political will present. >> to move past this crisis, they're looking for new ways to bind all these economies closer together. that means new national limits on budgets and new policies to help the weaker economies grow. even when they've decided all of that, they have to work out how the new rules fit with the europe we've already got. we didn't get concrete details today. we weren't expecting any. but when we do, we can be sure the new british chancellor will have a view about whether the system should apply to all of the e.u.
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>> we couldn't accept presenting the budget to the european commission before presenting it to the house of commons and we wouldn't be happy with sanctions imposed on britain, but there are other areas of agreement, we want to work together to reduce budget deficit and britain is getting on with that. >> for all the talk of vetoes today, there isn't a sign others want to have sanctions on the u.k. but half of our exports so we need them to do it right. do you think something happening in the eurozone affects everything else >> it does. >> they said members of this club were too different, without rules and a common budget driving them together, it would end up driving them apart. now the critics say they've been proved right. governments have to decide how
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much power they're willing to give up to make it work. >> a cor bomb in northern iraq has killed at least 23 people and injured more than 50. it went off in front of a coffee shop in diala province. here's our correspond innocent baghdad. >> it went off at 7:30 in the evening local time, when the sun would have gone down, people would be relaxing, shopping in the cool of the evening. in this town about 80 kilometers northeast of baghdad, it went out outside, or just beside, a car parked outside a busy cafe in the heart of a market. obviously aimed at killing as many people as possible. and it's a mainly shiite area. that's been a pattern of a lot of violence, including two bombs in which more than 50 people were killed. and the campaign by the
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insurgents seems to be directed, as it was three or four years ago, at trying to provoke sunni reaction because basically sunni militants are being blamed for the attacks aimed at shiite areas but so far, they have failed to spark the kind of reaction we got four years ago when you saw the horrendous cycle of sectarian violence that took the country to the brink of civil war for the space of two years. >> nato has announced a major shakeup of its command structure in southern afghanistan. the headquarters will be split into two[zz to reflect the increase in forces and scale of operation in the past year this changes sense -- this change is sensitive inberry dane aws -- britain because the bulk of british troops will come under american command, at least until there's a rotation. the israeli government is saying they have killed two palestinian militants.
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hamas confirms two militants were stonet attack israel and clashed with guards near the israeli border. iran hopes the deal to send its oil abroad may lead to a negotiated settlement. they said the agreement iran reached with turkey and brazil was an important initiative to in resolving international tensions by peaceful means. north korea must stop its provocative behavior, the words of secretary of state hillary clinton in response to the international inquiry which blamed pyongyang for sinking a south creecreian ship. ms. clinton says the country must face the consequences. she gave that warning earlier in japan. >> this was the start of a tour
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to try to find unity on how to respond to north korea. the u.s. secretary of state, hillary clinton, was all smiles in tokyo. japan had made clear it was ready to stand at america's side. the prime minister has described the sinking of the south korean warship as unforgivable. >> we agree that north korea must stop its provocative behavior, halt its policy of threats and belligerence toward its neighbors and take irrespers -- irreversible steps to fulfill its denuclearization commitments and comply with international law. let me be clear. this will not be and cannot be business as usual. there must be an international, not just a regional, but an international response. >> 46 south korean sailors were killed when the warship went down in march. it was patrol near a disputed maritime border in the yellow
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sea. parts of a torpedo found on a sea bottom matched those used by north korea. according to international investigators. peon -- pyongyang said the evidence is fake and any attempt to punish it would result in all-out war. japan's prime minister said it proved the worth of the relationship with the united states. >> the sinking of the south korean ship increases tensions in northeast asia and reinforces the need for the japan-u.s. alliance. >> stressing the value of the american force in japan could make it easier to resolve the other issue the two sides discussed. the u.s. marines base on ock gnaw what. for months, they've been trying to move it from the southern japanese island but people complain about noise and the fear of accidents. with the united states citing operational concern, it's clear
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that japan will have to back down, despite local opposition. here in tokyo, mrs. clinton found ready support from japan's government but her next destination, china, could prove to be more of a challenge and chinese agreement is critical if an international response to the sinking of the south korean warship is to succeed. >> prime minister of thailand said order has been restored to the capital, bangkok, and the rest of the country. he made his announcement after weeks of anti-government protests which left more than 50 people dead he said he would continue to try for reconciliation but lead made no mention of election the protesters' main demand. >> we have restored order in the capital of bangkok and the provinces of thailand. we have been able to do this with the cooperation of government officials, volunteer, and of course the
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people of thailand. we will continue to move swiftly to restore normalcy and we recognize that as we move ahead there are huge challenges ahead of us, particularly the challenge of overcoming the divisions that have occurred in this country. >> the former leader of the southern rebels in sudan has been sworn in as the first elected president of southern sudan he won a landslide in elections last month and will lead the region to a referendum on independence next january.í! >> a moment many southern sudanese never thought would happen. the region's first elected president taking office in juba. his pransigs from guerrilla leader to prime minister is complete he used the speech to criticize his old enemies in the north. in january, southerners will
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vote in a referendum on possible independence. he believes khartoum has done nothing to make unity attractive. >> time has practically run out and a sense of panic has set in as people realize their battle for unity is about to be lost. >> ewe began dan president and the former kenyan head of state were among the personalities who gave weight ceremony. in less than a year, they could be back to welcome in a new country. it's widely believed most southerners will vote for independence. >> the referendum whereby the south gets freedom and prosperity. >> the 21-year north-south civil war that came to an end in 2005 was one of the most
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destructive in african history. an estimated two million people died, many more were displaced. others velt marginalized since colonial times. there are several outstanding issues to resolve before the referendum can take place including demarcation of the north-south borders. they m believe the president will not let the south which is rich in oil, go, despite his promises. tiep historic moment for southe sudan. it seems clear if southerners get a free vote a new nation will be born next january. >> stick with us, if you can. much more to come, including this. is it a lifeline for farmers or the road to ruin? the controversy over genetically modified food crops in india. first, though, nine people have been killed, thousands more evacuated in poland. this is the worst flooding in
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more than a century. since last weekend, torrential rains swollen rivers and left much of the south of the country under water. the high water is making its way north. authorities in warsaw have urged people in riverside districts to stay alert. we have this reword from warsaw. >> more than two months' worth of rain fell in just one day last weekend, causing rivers to overflow. in many parts of southern poland, communities have been turned into lakes. normal means of transportation no longer suffice. residents have sought higher ground to escape the deluge. poland's prime minister has called the flooding along the country's main river the worst in history. the scale of the disaster is such that poland has sent out an urgent request to neighboring countries for water pumps and other help.
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the government estimates the damage so far at more than $3 billion. he's been touring affected areas, urging people to evacuate their homes. some have nowhere to go and are reluctant to leave, fearing their houses could be the target of burglars. the government called in the army to help rescue stranded people. the floodwaters are heading north and have reached the capital, warsaw. city authorities urged residents not to go near the river where water levels are just cent meters short of reaching the dikes. officials say that even if the barriers are not breeched -- breached, if water levels remain high for several day, they'll soak up water like a sponge and collapse.
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>> latest headlines for you on "bbc world news." a call for tougher sanctions in future against those countries who don't stick to the e.u.'s budget rules. secretary of state hillary clinton told north korea to stop its provocative behavior, saying their attacksñw on a sou korean warship won't go unpunished. a british couple and their daughter were shot in an argument about the breakup of a marriage. it's thought they were shot by close relatives angered by a divorce. >> the sound of uncontrollable grief. robbed of his father, mother, and sister, gunned down in broad daylight.
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they have come to pakistan for a family wedding. and fell victim to a family feud. here are the victims in life. muhammad yusef and his wife, pervaise, described as decent, simple people, and their daughter tanya, mother of two young children. colleagues said she was everyone's best friend. police found them near the graves of their relatives. they were here to pray for the dead and paid with their lives. their cousin survived the attack and told me what he saw. >> shooting at anyone? >> all people who are there. they are shooting everyone.
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>> a broken marriage led to the carnage. one of the family's sons was married to his first cousin. her three brothers are alleged to be the killers. relatives say they were warned to stay away from the village and the cemetery because of the ill will in the family but they say there were no death threats and they never imagined that a row over a divorce could lead to the bloodbath that happened here. today, muhammad and his wife were brought to their own graves to be buried side by side. police say they and their daughter were killed because of wounded family pride. a common cause of death here. >> they took my mom, my sister, my dad. there's no one doing anything about it.
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>> as well as the anguish here, there was fear. the family say they've been threatened. >> they said if you leave the town we'll get you. >> as the victims were laid to rest, two of the alleged attackers were still at large. an extended family is now divided by blood. relatives hope the killing stops here. >> prosecutors in france have called for a suspended jail sentence for former lead engineer on the concord program. 80-year-old parvier is one of five facing charges of manslaughter at the tile in paris. 113 people died when the supersonic jet crashed shortly after takeoff in the french capital 10 years ago. british airways reported record losses, they lost $670 million,
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the worst result since privatization 20 years ago. the slump in the travel industry has been compounded by b.a. -- for b.a. thousands protest a film at the cannes film festival. they say the movie "outside the law" distorts the struggle for algeria's independence from france. with a billion mouths to feed, india is considering introtusing genetically engineered food crops. farmers and others are divided. doubts have been raised by the work of growing g.m. cotton in the area. it's been linked to suicides in the area. >> in the village here, in the heart of india, they mourn the
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death of yet another farmer. he hung himself from the roof beam of this house after his debt spiraled out of control. his young family will now have to fend for themselves. he borrowed money to buy g.m. cotton seed. there was no rain and his crop failed so he killed himself. >> in the dry fields around the village, life without irrigation is a struggle. critic says g.m. cotton needs more water to succeed. they claim the seed producers -- a claim the seed producers dispute. but the depressing cycle of failing crops and mounting debts is a lethal one, too much for this man. and tragically, his death is not an isolated case.
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tens of thousands of indian farmers have taken their own lives in the last few years, deep in debt. here in india's cotton growing region they suffered worst of all. so a hotly disputed debate. has the introduction and monopoly of g.m. cotton seeds contributed to this tragedy? as ever, it depends on who you ask. there is little middle ground. some farmers emphasize that the price of seeds has risen dramatically, which leads many of them no room for maneuver when times are bad. >> when we used the old seed, our production levels were a bit lower, but it cost us an awful lot less. we used less pesticide and fertilizer as well. with the g.m. crop the costs keep on mounting.
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>> but go to the local cotton market and other farmers love the g.m. seed. profits and yields are up. this is where they come to auction their crop. country-wide, india doubled cotton production since the introduction of g.m., to become the second largest producer in the world. >> g.m. cotton is good. i like it. our yield used to be much lower with the old seed. now it's 2.5 times higher. >> and if g.m. cotton divides opinion, what about a g.m. version of a food crop? in this case, aubergines. the indian government is considering allowing growing of a g.m. aubergine.
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they're working on various others, this is an experiment on rice. one scientist has argued g.m. crops will have a try vital role to play in feeding people around the world, and scientists here agree. >> it's best for the human being and the technology has a benefit to the farmer. it is definitely going to address the shortfall in the country. >> but the campaign against it have been organized and passionate. here they disrupted a meeting held by the man who will decide on the future of g.m. crops in this country. the intensity of the opposition gave him pause for thought, a decision delayed. but big business is confident that in the end, he'll rule in their favor.
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>> he is supporting the science, he is acknowledging the science will play an important role in improving productivity. i think it's a question of time. farmers cannot be deprived of technology. our land is limited, our water is limited, we have to produce more for every crop. these technologies are being tested in crops. this one happens to be one of the early one. >> back in the cotton region, there are still people who will fight against g.m. technology in all its forms. their experience with cotton, they say, must not be repeated elsewhere. >> people are crying, people are dying.% still they're promoting this seed. we are demanding that g.m. crops will be banned in this area. >> in india as in britain this
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polarized debate will rage on. it's too late for this farmer hisms body lies buried in his field, which failed to give him the means to live. >> briefly before we leave you, a seven-kilometer bridge over a river in russia has been closed because it's wobbling. it's thought one of the vertical supports on the bridge has been loosened by flood water caused by melting snow, affecting the balance of the structure. emergency services are on standby in case it dee de-tieror ates further. this bridge is one of the lockest in europe, was only completed last year at a cost of $80 million. you'll find more on that an all the international news online on our website at bbc.com/news. get in touch with me and most of the team on twitter, and we're on facebook too. thanks for being with us on "bbc world news."
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>> hello and welcome. >> see the news unfold. get the top stories from around the globe and click to play video reports. go to bbc.com/news to experience the in-depth, expert reporting of "bbc world news" online. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. ♪ >> union bank offers unique insight and expertise in a range of industries.
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