tv Cross Talk RT July 5, 2017 11:29am-12:01pm EDT
back that as children they were completely shielded from any of the so-called dangers of life kept in a bubble and so when they become young adults anything that disrupts that bubble a loud sound like a professor saying something that doesn't agree with them they go into shock they go into stuff like meltdown. hello and welcome across all things considered i'm peter lavelle every once in awhile to look at the big picture of a story in this case it is the middle east one of the current defining trends who are the winners and losers and how is this volatile and very dangerous region changing and is american influence on the decline.
cross talking the shifting sands in the middle east i'm joined by my guest so i mean nate are in beirut he's a middle east analyst and in erbil we have joe lauria he is an independent journalist right gentlemen crosstalk rules in effect that means you can jump in anytime you want i always appreciated let me go to you first joe my introduction was very very broad. from your standpoint and you're in iraq right now what what are the most important trends affecting the middle east because there's so much going on right now unfortunately particularly the united states it's overshadowed by what i call fake news i want to do real news on this program here joe your thoughts well how is the middle east changing go ahead it's very easy to get lost in all the details like this so friendly complex particularly in syria i think the overall if you're looking for a really big picture you have to look at us. relations and in that in the subtext
of the saudi iranian relations and below that the standoff between saudi arabia bahrain egypt against qatar which i think could be a prelude to conflict with iran trying to bring qatar into their own capital the g.c.c. camp they've been too close to iran so i think that conflict again between syria and iran it's a sushi is in between saudi arabia and iran overshadows the entire region their sectarian proxy wars their conflict has to be brought to an end and some kind of an accommodation between these two regional powers they're not going anywhere there has to be a balance of power there the united states if it wanted to be a great power they're the only ones that have the leverage on both parties to bring them together to end their their their conflict because that spreads all over from grain to afghanistan certainly lebannon syria and in iraq the iranian saudi conflict is the overall issue right now and it has so many complex local localized
conflicts that has to be dealt with and it doesn't look that way at all the trump administration is not doing that they are lowering themselves united states to the level of the sectarian combatants they are just taking sides it taking a sunni side in a frighteningly complex sectarian war that goes across the region this is the major issue in the issue in the region and the major problem that washington is is is committing right now ok let me go to sami in beirut we can talk about american influence in a second year but could i ask you the same question that i asked joe we know your mind what are the main confines of what's going on in the middle east because as joe has pointed out it's a long long laundry list ok go ahead sami. yes i think what this is at stake today is the new order in the middle east. or that. one hundred years ago. is definitely a gone and now there is
a new or there but two are different that there is always different regional powers that opening them up. for in a sense your have russia getting a big order in syria especially in the law. this is a weekly test of the no weather radio all hazards warning device for station k h twenty eight in philadelphia pennsylvania during potentially dangerous weather situations specially built receivers are automatically activated to warn of the impending hazard test of the signal or normally conducted by the national weather service in mount holly new jersey every wednesday between eleven am and noon if
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have to. heads up now at all that's you don't do that but the strict strategy of the united states for the middle larger middle east or in syria has to be explained to the american people whether we agree with it or not at least the obama administration you know pretty much stuck to regime change which we you know most of us on this show have agreed to that's a mistake but trump we don't know what exactly they're trying to do there except iran iran seems to be the underlying theme in everything as you do everything they say. they've this seems to be shaping up some conflict with iran which is an enormously dangerous and even closer relationship with saudi arabia their religion but israel is taken for granted the same with every administration pretty much but the there are even closer to saudi arabia now particularly this conflict with what they're having with qatar and i think that this is the only thing that we can discern coming out of washington is that they are shaping up to some kind of conflict or confrontation with iran which is an enormous mistake other than that on
the day to day politics of whether they want to sod in or not whether russia will decide this or not whether the u.s. is cooperating with russia and syria not or whether they're going to shoot us shooting down syrian aircraft piloted aircraft this is just a complete model for a region that's normally a model but this united states is not providing any clarity at least what the hell they want to see done in the region and this makes it even harder as an analyst trying to figure out what exactly is going on and what the u.s. motives are assuming i get the impression that there's been a devolution of responsibility here. taking what joe just said about saudi arabia do you think the administration is kind of allocating saudi arabia to be its point man in the region of course it has it's an israeli we have the saudis and the israelis very close together but there's one problem with all that in that is turkey and now a nato ally here i mean what's going to happen there because there is an enormous
amount of friction here and it's all summed up in one word kurds. go ahead sammy. i think at the end in mind when it comes to the united states of america has been said to clearly by their chief of the pentagon general davis and he's considering. for. interests in the iran as so the goal is facing iran now the problem is that united states of america does not have the tools. tools to face up to iran in iraq and syria it's true that they could rely on a proxy which is. in iraq but this has limit because supporting the kurds could anger turkey and here i mean you can understand the position of secretary of state who try to
set the bridges with russia because washington needs russia to pressure on iran or to limit the role on iran at least in syria so because of obama administration policy or do it was that all were from. lack of clarity. washington lost a lot of tools in them in the east and a lot of leverage it's true that now it's increasing its presence in terms of military. presence on the ground and there are investing more but it's not easy to get back. to all the situation where they were the major force motivating today their primary focus to face up to iran but they need partners saudi arabia is deafening partner but they need other partners too
and this is where sun is trying to engage with the russian. it's very interesting is because i absolutely agree with sami i think it's the there are fewer and fewer tools of influence but there are more and more troops and troops are not a very good instrument of politics at the end of the day look at the number of troops that are in qatar and what in all of these saber rattling we have from saudi arabia and other gulf countries here and the united states is right in the middle of that you have a turkey a nato ally of the united states is on the other side in the conflict in syria i mean if this is too much military involvement it actually limits their options in a way go ahead joe. i'm not sure i agree i think ok but the other way around that the u.s. is not looking for proxies the saudis and israel if they want to attack iran which they've said repeatedly they basically do. mamma but solomon the new deputy crown prince has talked about bringing the war inside iran they need the united states this is their long standing goal is to control the united states to back their
plans they don't have the military might to fight iran they might have the might to back. to back a stream that's throughout the region particularly in syria and they can't take on iran without the united states coming on board i think that's what we saw when trump went to saudi arabia and to israel that they were lobbying him to do this eventually and it's very scary because trump might be someone who will go along and do it he seems reckless and as far as qatar goes you know i mean and the qatar situation to get it shows again this would normally split and really a factor we have to consider is incompetence in washington right now because you've got to listen and mathis on one side saying they want to negotiate selman and drops going out on twitter you know back in saudi arabia to saudi arabia to the hill to calling qatar the largest purveyor of terrorism in the world so you've got they've got to get together on the same page somehow or we don't know what's going to happen but they certainly are not. they are being lobbied to be the force for
a war against iran and in southeast syria right now outcome for the. they are backing their own rebels this is clearly an attempt to cut off the baghdad damascus highway which the iranians use to supply has this is israel's main concern is that the iranians kitchen of supplies but they've been doing it by air but this is a land route that the americans i think to try to cut off that seems to be what their aim is although that's also a guess again right here like that jonah to let me just because i says not that i have to hear that we have to go to a hard break and after that hard break we'll continue our discussion on the changing middle east a party. welcome to the wonderful world of blood donation i come here every three weeks to get my transfusion to be specific i receive immunoglobulin that my body gets and support
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when else should seem wrong. but all. just don't. let me. get to shape out to stay active. and engaged equals betrayal. when something find themselves worlds apart we choose to look for common ground. welcome back to cross talk we're all things considered i'm peter lavelle to remind you we're discussing the shifting sands in the middle east. ok let me go back to sami and beirut one of the most important changes it's been
going on is the change in leadership in saudi arabia in the sort of giddy about it it looks like washington is given a green light is this really smart to embolden this young crown prince i mean you know the recent foreign policy of saudi arabia has been nothing but an utter disaster in that you know we can look at syria and we can look to yemen but it looks like the saudis are being prodded along early and given a green light from their allies does this worry you but for the region and for saudi arabia itself go ahead sami. definitely there is in a new era in saudi arabia i mean some put it this is that of of appeasement that is definitely in change and. it's more. it's better for the young prince given what's going on was in yemen
given the challenge of facing up to iran which is not an easy challenge given that it line in oil prices i mean the conditions of his leadership are not easy at all but however one has to keep in mind it has been directly hit by. inside saudi arabia so that was very close to a yard and maybe this pushed the leadership to this new change in leadership and giving the fact that for the last decade iran's influence in that region has been increasing by the day let's not forget that in two thousand and three iran was trying to find a deed was the united states of america to be the second in line after the war in iraq today in iraq controlled largely by iran
or iran proxies and that each and this road from damascus to baghdad what has been called the shiite crescent is now a reality and this is giving iran a high leverage. and the ultimate test to day one with regard to syria is to see and to check if iran will be to establishment to establish definitely this bridge that the military in iraq. well joe we go back to iran i mean it kind of goes to my point in talking about saudi arabia let's go all the way back to the illegal invasion of iraq in two thousand and three and let's go all the way up to two thousand and seventeen i mean iran's in influence is growing in the region well i wonder why it's because one failure in a venture after another i mean all iran has to do more or less stand there and it
can influence increase its influence i mean this is that i find it just really amazing when there's no learning curve coming out of western countries if you don't like a rand why are you hoping them indirectly over and over and over again it's i mean it's this is foreign policy internationally leighton's one o one go ahead joe there's no doubt that the american invasion here in iraq in two thousand and three helped iran's position regionally but it also led directly to the existence of islamic state in iraq many of the bath party officials that were kicked out of power joined that group and are trying to get back to power they're almost defeated now in mosul but they'll continue as an asymmetrical warfare throughout iraq so that they're not going to go away but if you look from a western point of view if you're in brussels or paris or san bernardino or very land or any of the places that have been hit by either orchestrated or inspired attacks by the islamic state are you looking at iran as being a danger to western cities what is the last remaining and back terrorist group that
attacked a western city this is a sunni backed saudi inspired and paid for in many ways groups i'm not saying this direct relationship between saudi arabia and those attacks they've certainly been supporting isis we know that from hillary clinton's e-mails so these are the groups that are threatening the west why is the west so obsessed about iran and when it's the threat comes from the saudis back groups and as far as yemen goes you know they was a deal you want to have a deal where the who these were going to withdraw from sanaa and that's when saudi arabia bombed the day that that deal is about to come into into force the only thing that had settled was the presidency and saudi arabia. did not want to see any kind of democracy within their borders this is been a reckless war with yemen yes they've attacked now it's saudi territory it's become absolutely out of control and mama good soundman as the corrupt deputy crown prince the effective king of saudi arabia has got no democratic control on what he does if any country with a democracy would have been a lot of trouble politically after what the disaster in yemen but he continues on
with this bellicose speech against iran with this possibility even of an invasion of qatar by saudi arabia and its allies this is just getting more and more dangerous and he has a reckless foresee that united states is backing to the hilt we now doubt that that son in law of trump is great friends with been my hollenbeck solomon so i don't know what to say about that now where we're headed with that sami is sticking with . sami this thing with saudi arabia hear it i'm going to agree with joe here it it seems that it wants a gemini in the region and it wants other countries in the region the gulf countries to mirror its domestic politics and foreign policy which means no human rights no democracy no civil society. al-jazeera comes to mind out of qatar i mean is this what the gulf countries are signing up to and at the same time the more they put pressure on qatar qatar just moves into the arms of iran again i don't
understand the logic of how this supports the national interest of saudi arabia and the security of the entire region it seems are doing everything backwards in brawn go ahead sami. when it comes to democracy all the countries in the middle east including iran have faith that this saw. including iran on the side including iran including iran course include all the of course including of course including iran when you have i mean a council of experts that all the candy that will be allowed to participate in the election. we cannot talk about the democrats it's not about to go into the ballot it's about free campaigning it's about creating the conduct the checks and balances inside the system and the human rights that are respected but this site i would like to focus on one made sure i mean problem was that tension between sunnis and
shia and we cannot jump over to the reality the problem is not only between iran and between the saudi arabia the problem inside the house inside the other board itself you have this big divide between two sick did in groups and this is at the core of what the war happening in syria and this is posed to could inflame at any point in their been on in kuwait and behind and this. problem i don't think that i mean putting the blame on one side would have a definite. between iran and saudi arabia and that getting the real issue with a lot but they're going to ising or defeat or develop one part. of the other is not it's not definitely going to how to that is nor. good cop bad cop game here we have deep divide inside.
dimension. that putting. or putting. in the stability of the whole for years and still come so if diplomacy has to play at all to push major players to each green and yemen and the syria case can be a good start for this kind of man because the problem is not once more with saudi arabia with. egypt. we have seen during the last day of this crisis. arises around qatar qatar is directly i mean. to be a supporter of the. group. the
fueling terrorism and this crisis is not between cut out and start with the third and fourth major countries in the east including egypt which is center of gravity of the award in that each and ok kill i mean how carrying divine how real is it in how is it being used as a political tool i mean if you look at syria for example a secular society. certainly ruled by iron hand but they did did not have that kind of sectarian divide and now it is important to them i mean it seems to me that washington is pick the sunni's israel is overjoyed because it wants to see the sunni and shia fight and it gives them a breathing room and actually to expand and then you have golan heights it seems to me it's a political tool the sectarianism it is it it isn't innate in the populations of the country because we always began with these are royal families these are
dictatorships and then there are people here not necessarily states go ahead joe that's a good question first i agree with about iran not being full democracy it has more democracy at the site. you know what i would say was able to moxie the sectarian issue the sectarian issue is here i've been here more than a year and a half in iraq i've spent well more than two years all over the region and it's a real thing on the ground people really do i mean people i know sunni guys here who are very friendly with a really good guy the mentionable the moment you mention iran or she isn't they turn into monsters i mean it's just an amazing transformation however that is come from the top in a lot of ways there's no question about that it is being used by the rulers of saudi arabia and iran i guess to. push their geo political interests in the region by using religious differences so that you're absolutely right peter in saying that but there are real theological differences you get down and speak with people and
they really get upset by things that shia believe in the they some many of them believe they're not even muslims so to me theology becomes if there are all of history has been just a way to divide people and not to unite them in any way and the people could believe whatever they want to how they behave that that counts and unfortunately with behavior does bleed into belief leads into behavior so we see this division is absolutely on the ground as sammy said this is a huge huge problem and again as i said at the beginning only the united states is in a position to do something about that they have to bring the major sunni an iranian powers and i think it's saudi arabia is more of the gravity a center of gravity than egypt it used to be i think egypt they have to bring saudis on the egyptians who are can't really stay here so i'm going to turn back here to get them in to we bring those things we together we don't run out of time those were pearls of wisdom many thanks to my guests and herbal and in beirut and thanks to our viewers for watching us here r.t. see you next time and remember crosstalk.
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look like. breaking news london summons north korea's ambassador to the k. after pyongyang's latest missile test meanwhile the pentagon says the north korean missile was a type they've never seen before. the russian defense ministry has announced that it carried out strikes against eisel targets on the border of the syrian provinces of hama and homs. c.n.n. is accused of blackmailing the person respond simple for creating the president trying wrestling threatening to reveal his identity if he does something similar again.