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tv   Newsline  NHK World  July 29, 2014 4:00am-4:31am JST

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glad to have you with us on this edition of "newsline." i'm raja pradhan in tokyo. investigators are still waiting to access the crash site of a malayng plane in e another attempt was postpod monday due to security concerns. 49 experts from the netherlands, australia, and other count are on standby in ukraine. they were hoping to gain access to the crash site on monday, but renewed fighting between ukraine's military and pro-russian separatists caused the postponement of the operation for the second consecutive day.
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all 298 people on board flight mh-17 were killed in the crash. authorities believe many bodies have yet to be retrieved from the site. russian authorities are calling on the united nations to lead the international investigation. >> translator: we are concerned that some of our partners are trying to organize an investigation by holding bilateral talks only with the side of the ukrainian government. the investigation should be conducted as soon as possible under the authority of the united nations. >> australian foreign minister julie bishop was in ukraine on monday to hold talks with president petro poroshenko. she said work was under way to identify a safe access route of from the city of donetsk to the crash site. several countries are considering additional sanctio against russia for its
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involvement in theg the malaysian plane. the japanese government says it'll restrict imports of products from crimea, f ukraine that was annexed by russia earlier this year. other sanctions include freezing assets held by russian individuals and groups dir involved in the annexation of crimea and the destabilization of eastern ukraine. >> translator: it's necessary to implement dialogue toward a prompt cease-fire and peace. it's also important to maintain stricter border controls and to prevent fighters and weapons from crossing it. >> government officials say they'll continue urging russia to facilitate the work of international investigators by using its influence over pro-russian separatists. israeli air raids and shelling against the gaza strip have ceased. ground troops appear to be concentrating their operations on finding underground tunnels built by militants to cross from gaza into israel. muslims began celebrating on
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monday the eid holiday which marks the end of the holy month of ramadan. israeli forces earlier compl with dem military commanders had announced they would resume air raids early sunday, but operations were reduced significantly from the evening onwards. rocket launches by hamas militants also appear to have ceased almost completely. local media report israeli ground troops are operating three kilometers within the border with gaza. they're reportedly looking for undergro launch sites. israeli commanders say their troops have already destroyed about 50% of known tunnels and launch sites. israeli media and politicians say the military operation may have reached its final stage. the u.n. security council has called for an immediate and unconditional cease-fire in the gaza conflict to allow f delivery of humanitarian assistance. council members met in new york
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just after midnight on monday morning to draft a presidential statement. the document expresses grave concern over the deteriorating situation in the gaza strip. the statement expresses support for the effort of u.n. secretary general ban ki-moon to arrange a cease-fire. palestinian u.n. envoy riyadh mansour. >> we will continue knocking on council. so that the securi >> in. pros >> we heard the pr statement right now from the security council that miraculously managed not to mention hamas or rockets. >> the statement is nonbinding. the united states remains reluctant to approve a binding resolution calling for a truce compiled by arab nations. the conflict has already killed more than 1,000 palestinians and
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over 40 israelis. nhk world's sho beppu reports on what's behind the cycle of violence. >> reporter: people in gaza had a short window of breath as the israeli military ceased to fire on saturday through sunday morning. but as the fighting resumed, the atmosphere in gaza is again tense, fearful, and israeli forces say the prime target in operation protective edge is to attack hamas militants and destroy the military infrastructure. but so far they've killed more civilians in their offensive. >> translator: why do they target innocent people? >> reporter: israeli troops have shelled densely populated areas. a school run by the united nations was hit during the fighting. israeli leaders say hamas hides rockets inside buildings. before these attacks, a chilling
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message was sent to people living in gaza on the mobile phones saying, you will experience fear, nothing like before. >> translator: this was horrifying. a lot of people got killed. i thought i would >> reporter: the islamic group hamas are seen as terrorists by israel and the united states. their armed wing is called qassam brigades, but they have a much bigger political wing that runs schools, hospitals, and other social services that support people on a grassroots level in gaza. >> translator: i support hamas. they're sincere and they're devout. >> reporter: in june, the palestinian president mahmoud abbas announced to form a unity government with hamas. israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu says he will never sit down for talks with them.
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>> translator: hamas is a terrorist organization that's committed to the destruction of israel. world leaders should not rush to recognize the new gove. >> reporter: the israelis have erected electric fences around gaza and tightly regulate the flow of supplies to the 1.8 million people living there. the strip is infamously called the world's biggest open-air prison. hamas militants have dug tunnels under the fences to smuggle weapons. this is an israeli village near the border with gaza. rockets are repeatedly fired from gaza and land here. people living here are feeling that the threat of hamas' underground tunnel is approaching their lives more and more. >> translator: i am very, very afraid. it's so dangerous.
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just imagine terrorists come out from those tunnels. >> reporter: as the fighting has resumed again, i hear sounds of explosion and see smoke rise in the direction of gaza which is just right there. the death toll is likely to increase more. sho beppu, nhk world, near the gaza strip in so survivors in a ferry disaster in south korea have described what happened before the ship just went down. six high school students were testifying at the trial of the ship's captain and 14 crew members. the defendants are facing charges, including homicide and negligence. the ferry sewol went down in april off south korea's southern coast. more than 300 people were killed or remain missing. the witnesses spoke at a court in ansan near seoul.
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they said they heard an announcement telling them it would be safer to stay in their cabins. they say they followed the advice and waited to be rescued. one of the students said the ferry began tilting and water poured into the cabins. she said she used a life vest to reach an exit. some of the students are calling on the judges to hand down severe punishments. others say they just want to know why their friends lost their li calls for an end to sexual assaults are reverberating throughout india. on monday, a school reopened after being closed following the alleged sexual assault of a 6-year-old girl. many parents decided to accompany their children there. rosalyn debhavalya in bangkok has the details. >> parents are demanding that school officials take specific measures to ensure the safety of its students. unicef says 1/3 of rape victims in india are children. the instance occurred earlier
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this month at a school in the southern city of bangalor, one of the nation's i.t. centers. police arrested the school's skating coach. the girl is receiving treatment in hospital. >> we just came to see if everything is in place, because our daughter is our most prized possession. >> the incident sparked a string of protest rallies in the city. participants want strict punishment for the attacker and protection for children's rights. in december 2012, a woman was gang raped and killed in the capital new delhi. the tragedy has prompted surging calls for measures to tackle rampant sexual crimes in india. indian media used to treat sexual abuse cases as taboo, but these cases are now getting wide coverage. muslims across the world are celebrating the start of eid to mark the end of ramadan, the month of fasting. but in malaysia, which has suffered two aircraft related tragedies this year, people are
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marking the occasion with expressions . muslims gather at the national mosque in kuala lumpur to pray for the victims of the downed malaysia airlines flight mh-17 and flight mh-370, which went missing in march. >> translator: to the family members of the victims onboard mh-370 and mh-17, i hope you can be patient, take it as a test from allah. >> hamid karzai attended prayers at the mosque in kabul. people in afghanistan cast their ballots in the presidential runoff election in june. but the next president of the country has yet to be decided. allegations of fraud led to an audit. but this is proceeding slowly. >> translator: the people of
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afghanistan want an election result as soon as possible, so that this country can soon have a president and the afghan people can have a government. >> parts of the country's southernmost provinces have a muslim majority. separatists in the region have been fighting against government security forces for a decade. on sunday, a roadside bomb exploded, killing a 10-year-old girl. seven people, including two other girls, were wounded. this attack took place just before the end of ramadan. a time when such acts of violence have often occurred in the past. the population of the philippines have believed to have topped 100 million. it's the 12th nation in the world to have surpassed this demographic milestone. the only other southeast asian country with a larger population is indonesia. the philippine government says past population increases suggest that more than 4,600 babies are born in the nation every day.
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the united nations estimates that the philippine population will continue to swell and will exceed 127 million by 2030. the philippines' latest census shows that about 30% of its population is 14 or younger. the average age is 23. experts say younger workers are one of the engines of the country's recent economic growth. businesses around the world also regard philippine workers as valuable because they speak english as a common language. that wraps up our bulletin. i'm rosalyn debhavalya in bang emerging economic powers still struggling with poverty. emboldened citizens still demanding democracy. the threat of violence. the push for peace. the shadow of conflict. get news and insight on south and southeast asia, every weekday, live from bangkok, only on nhk world "newsline."
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people in japan are in shock involving a murder case involving a high school girl and one of her classmates. the suspect told investigators she just someone. police arrested the 16-year-old student for allegedly murdering her 15-year-old friend on saturday in the city of sasebo. investigators say she beat the -- aiwa matsuo with a metal instrument and strangled her to death. she then partially dismemb the body. masuo's corpse and a knife with bloodstains were found at the suspect's apartment. investigators say to killing classmate. the suspect had been living alone since en in april. her mother died of illness last year, and her father later remarried. a psychiatrist says the suspec and the victim knew since their junior murder long standing relationship.
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>> translator: the aggressor was unusually interested in murder, death, and even dissection of mutilation of bodies. it's very possible this inclination led to the murder. >> police are focusing the investigation on the events that led to the murder and the suspect's mental state. the head of a u.s. food company has promised to thoroughly investigate its shanghai subsidiary. it wants to know why they sold expired chicken. >> what happened at husi shanghai was completely unacceptable and i hope that you will accept my personal and most sincere apology. i'm very, very sorry. >> osi group chairman and chief executive officer sheldon levin said the issue runs counter to the values of his firm. the subsidiary allegedly supplied expired chicken to fast food chains and restaurants.
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authorities suspect that food safety violati company-wide practic they've detained several peopl for questioning. another osi executive said motives and other details are not yet known. >> we are committed to completing this investigation swiftly and comprehensively. >> the company's president says they'll open an asia product quality center in shanghai to step up monitoring in their chinese factories. executives as sony have been struggling for some time to regain their company's financial health. in the latest move, the electronics manufacturer has decided to sell the land underneath its headquarters in tokyo to one of its group firms. sony executives say they'll sell the 18,000-square-meter land to
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sony life insurance for about $520 million. the executives are expected to post the net loss for a second straight year in fiscal 2014. they plan to spend about $1.3 billion for downsizing the company's operations. that includes eliminating about 5,000 jobs worldwide. sony has already sold its u.s. headquarters building in new york as well as the former tokyo headquarters building. nissan motors showed healthy gains both in its sales and profit in the three months through june. that was in part due to strong sales in the united states. executives at nissan say the company's second quarter operating profit went up more than 13% to $1.2 billion. sales increased 10% to $24 billion. the pace of profit growth slowed from 23% in the year earlier period. however, as the impact of the yen's decline receded.
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the executives said u.s. sales recorded a 14% rise. and in the domestic market, they said the effects of the consumption tax hike in april were limited. people visiting japan have a common complaint. it's often difficult to get cash from automatic teller machines. government officials are making plans to improve the situation. only a quarter of the atms in japan accept cards issued abroad. travelers can face an especially hard time withdrawing yen outside major cities. government leaders have made tourism a key part of their plans to revive the economy. they're looking ahead to the tokyo olympics in 2020 and they're hoping to attract 20 million visitors a year. executives at major banks say they're working on installing measure machines that accept foreign cards. government officials are leaning on smaller banks to do the same, focusing on popular tourist destinations. people who have trouble seeing colors see the world in a
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different light. some innovators in japan are using technology to try to make things easier. managers in a range of businesses are looking at what they've co >> reporter: not everyone sees color the same way. a japanese organization advises on the easiest to read combinations. coy chi is the vice director of the culinary design organization. he himself has color vision deficiency. >> translator: we often see pie charts that use different colors to convey information, but to me, this and this, this and this look the same. i see only three colors. >> reporter: the organization tests graphic designs to see if they are friendly to people with redud color vision. color vision deficiency is thought to be mostly gentlemen etic. it occurs in various forms. two main types make it hard to recognize red, or green.
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researchers test color combinations. >> translator: with my type of color blindness, i see this and this as the same. >> reporter: printed materials that pass the test, such as packaging, can use the color universal design logo. >> translator: i believe companies should recognize their obligation to make their products easier to use by all consumers. >> reporter: the conflict has made waves in the computer game industry. similar principles appear in this game development tool. people with reduced color vision would see them. >> translator: this is how ordinary people see this. but if you use the simulator software, you can see how it will look to those with less
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color vision. >> reporter: the developers can confirm how it looks to a range of viewers and then revise it. >> translator: we also tell other game makers they should use development tools with these functions. we tell them if they had our software, they could produce better games. >> reporter: cull vision awareness has also reached publishing. guidelines suggest ways publishers can use color better. this company makes all kinds of printed materials. it produces more than 70 projects a year based on color universal design. but as the company has discovered, the work takes time and effort. so, the staff spent two years finding the clearest color combinations for all kinds of
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viewers. this is the result. a chart of 20 color matches. a designer need only select colors from a single row. the chart has cut production time by as much as half. >> translator: we tell our client companies it will make a lot of difference if they use color universal design. we say they will get an edge on their competitors. >> reporter: from making better packaging to enhancing graphic design, helping people see color more clearly is proving to be good business. every morning, investors turn our attention to asia. the tokyo market leads the way.
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in markets around the world, follow. >> from the decisions that could change the course of an economy. >> to the companies at the forefront of change. >> up to the minute market reports. >> analysis by specialists from around the world. >> get all the latest business news and insight all day, here on "newsline." japan's space agency has entered a new era, with a satellite to monitor extreme weather patterns and a japanese astronaut taking the helding of the international space station. now the public can explore outer space with the agency at an expo near. nhk world's kimberly gale has the details. >> reporter: 50 years of space history in o from space suits to replica launch vehicles and command modules, t on d. space enthusiasts are taking it all in.
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>> translator: the more we watch, the more we understan about space. >> translator: it's interesting to see the space shuttle and various rockets. >> reporter: one of the main attractions is a replica of the japanese experiment module kibo. astronauts at the international space station have used the lab since 2008 to carry out experiments in medicine and biology. in march, koichi kawata took over as commander of the international space station. he became the first japanese astronaut to lead the or lab. a government panel is trying to decide what role japan should play in the space station after 2020. this spokesperson says space exploration is more relevant than ever.
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in february they sent up a satellite that can track rain and snowfall aroun scientists hope it will help them better predict extreme weather, such as typhoons. >> we'd like to improve on people's daily lives. and how should i say -- and contribute to a prosperous society. brazil has a large rain forest as well as big problems with illegal logging. and using earth observation data, we can monitor and prevent these criminal activities. >> reporter: hayabusa is another success story. jaxa sent the probe to explore asteroids. in 2010, it became the first spacecraft to bring back particles from an extraterrestrial body other than the moon. hayabusa's engine was especially innovate system enabled it to ret
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eart journey. this winter, they will launch hayabusa 2. agency officials will use it investigate the evolution of the solar syst organizers want to show off past accomplishments, but they're also looking to the future. one idea for making space travel more affordable and more accessible is building a space elevator. japanese scientists are trying to develop that idea with carbon nano tubes, cables designed to transport a vehicle without a rocket. organizers hope exhibits like this will inspire the next generation of space explorers. kimberly gale, nhk world, chiba. and next, here's a three-day outlook on the world's weather.
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>> and that's all for now on this edition of "newsline."
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i'm raja pradhan in tokyo. we'll be back in about half an hour, so do stay with us on nhk world.
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three years ago a massive earthquake struck northeas japan. over 18,000 deaths and missing people were recorded in the tsunami, quake and fires. survivors who escaped the tsunami and living in evacuation shelters with were confronted with another imminent threat. an outbreak of pneumonia.


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