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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  June 28, 2022 6:00pm-7:00pm PDT

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judy: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight. >> it was un-american. we were watching the capitol building get defaced over a lie. judy: a key witness. a top aide to former president trump's chief of staff testifies that the former president encouraged january 6th protestors to march to the capitol, knowing they had weapons and he tried to join them. then, tragedy in texas. dozens of migrants perish after being locked in a tractor trailer in scorching heat. the deadliest human smuggling accident in the u.s. in modern memory. and the end of roe. the supreme court's decision to restrict reproductive rights forces women to seek abortions across state lines, and leaves clinics scrambling to keep up
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with demand. >> it's difficult to imagine how this ramp up will occur to be able to take care of all these extra patients. one day, we're seeing our usual number of patients. the next day, 20,000 more people are calling. judy: all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour." >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by. >> for 25 years consumer cellular has been offering no contract wireless plans to help people do more of what they like. our u.s.-based customer service team can find the plan that fits you. >> and with the ongoing support of these individuals and
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institutions and friends of the newshour including camilla and george smith. >> fostering engaged and informed communities. >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting and by contributions t your pbs station fromiewers like you. thank you. judy: the congressional committee investigating the
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january 6th attack on the u.s. capitol today held a quickly scheduled hearing, its sixth this month, to present what it called new and urgent evidence about what former president donald trump knew and said before, during, and after the insurrection. cassidy hutchinson, former aide to white house chief of staff mark meadows presented the most compelling and detailed account yet of the actions of the former president's inner circle. and she shared her own reaction as she watched the events of january 6. >> i remember feeling frustrated, disappointed, it felt personal. i was really sad. as an american, i was disgusted. it was unpriotic. it was un-american. we were watching capitol building get defaced over a lie.
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judy: today was the first time hutchinson publicly appeared before the committee but she has spoken several other times behind closed doors. in video from those depositions, hutchinson explained that trump knew some members of the crowd were armed with weapons because he grew frustrated about the secret service security procedures, specifically the metal detectors, making the crowd at his january 6 speech smaller than he wanted. >> he wanted it full and he was angry that we weren't letting people through the mags with weapons. i was in the vicinity of a conversation where i overheard the president say something to the effect of you know, "i don't effing care that they have weapons. they're not here to hurt me. take the effing mags away, let my people in. they can march to the capital from here. let the people in, take the effing mags away." judy: our congressional correspondent lisa desjardins and white house correspondent laura barron-lopez have been following the hearings today and join me now.
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laura, let me begin with you. cassidy hutchinson not a name we were familiar with, but she was at the center of so much of what was going on in the white house. certainly had a lot of access. how did she fill in the timeline of what took place? >> cassidy hutchinson has worked with republicans for a long time. she was in contact with mark meadows and other senior white house officials throughout r time in the white house and leading up to january 6. she testified that multiple -- on multiple occasions there were warnings and raised concerns about threats of violence on that day. she said she overheard rudy giuliani and president trump's lawyer talking about proud boys and oath keepers being present at the events that day. she gave very important testimony about an exchange she had with pat cipollone, white house counsel to president trump. in that exchange, pat cipollone
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told hutchinson he was worried about legal concerns the white house could face if president trump decided to go to the capital on january 6, making a movement that would be very logistically difficult, and he also warned her on the morning of january 6 -- here is what he said to hutchinson. >> we understand ms. hutchinson, that you also spoke to mr. cipollone on the morning of the 6th, as you were about to go to the rally on the ellipse, and mr. cipollone said something to you like, make sure the movement to the capitol does not happen. is that correct? >> that is correct. i saw mr. cipollone right before i walked out onto the west exec that morning, and mr. cipollone said something to the effect of: "please make sure we don't go up to the capitol cassidy, keep in touch with me. we're going to get charged with every crime imaginable if we make that movement happen."
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>> that exchange that hutchinson recalled was new. he had never heard that before. also specific crimes to baloney was talking about -- pat cipollone he was talking about, he told hutchinson he thought they could face obstruction of proceeding charges as well as defrauding of electors charges. despite those warnings, the president wanted to go to the capitol and urged his staff to make it possible for him. judy: cassidy hutchinson testified about how she traveled in the president's motorcade to the rally that was taking place on the morning of january 6 and she also testified about the president's reaction when he learned a number of the people at that rally in that area were carrying weapons. >> that is right. the president was really upset his supporters were not being allowed into where his speech was that, which was the ellipse,
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right outside the white house. it was because they had weapons, they had knives, they had other very dangerous paraphernalia on them and the president said, let them through. they are not going to hurt me. and that he was pretty much dismissing threats of violence. after his speech at that rally with his supporters, the president then went to go get into his motorcade, into the vehicle we call the beast. when he got in he got in with robert engels who was his top secret service agent that day and he was under the impression he was going to be able to go from that speech to the capitol along with his supporters. when he was told by robert engel he was not going to be able to do that due to resources, here is how the president reacted. >> the president had very strong, very angry response to that.
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tony described him as being irate. the president said something to the effect of, i am the president, take me to the capitol now. to which bobby responded, sir, we have to go back to the west wing. the president reached up towards the front of the vehicle to grab at the steering wheel. mr. engel grabbed his arm, said sir, you need to take off the steering wheel. we're going back to the west wing. we're not going to the capitol. mr. trump then used his free hand to lunge towards bobby angle and when mr. renada recounted the storto me he had motioned towards his clavicles. >> hutchinson was told about that episode in the beast by anthony arnoldo who was then a deputy chief of staff to the president. she said she was told that when they returned to the white house because again she was in the
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motorcade with the president throughout the day when he went to the speech, when she came back to the white house. when she was told that robert engel was standing in the room, that agent with the president, and he's now are few anything that was said that she did not refute anything that was said in that episode. we all watched as rioters started to descend into the senate and hutchinson said at that point, she witnessed pat cipollone, white house counsel to the president, confront mark meadows, chief of staff, and that pat cipollone he concerned because we were starting to hear chant about hanging mike pence from the rioters who descend on the ait colnd here is cipollone said to meadows. >> i remember pat saying something to the effect of.
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mark, we need to do something more, they're literally calling for the vice president to be hung. and mark responded with something like you heard it pat, he thinks mike deserves it. he doesn't think they're doing anything wrong. >> we have heard from hutchinson's testimony, all the warning signs and all the concerns about what would happen on january 6 and that the president appeared to be dismissing the threats of violence, not just to members of congress, but to his vice president. judy: i'm going to have lisa pick it up from here. when it comes to the president's chief of staff mark meadows, we did learn more today about his role in all this. 3 >> that is right. a lot of names here but central is mark meadows. let's remind viewers, mark meadows came to congress as a member from north carolina and we can look at some of the meade
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freedom caucus with congressman jim jordan and in 2020, he became chief of staff to president trump. a centrafigure and what we have described -- what we have heard described today was a picture of a chief of staff who was not acting to the degree to which it almost seemed like it was a passiveness that may have bordered on permissiveness of what was going on in the white house's oval office. january 2 in particular, cassidy hutchinson described a conversation with rudy giuliani. he brought up plans for january 6 in a way that got on her radar like never before. she walked back into the white house and she was asked, did she then talked to mark meadows, her boss, about what she heard from giuliani? here is the response. >> i went back up to our office and found mr. meadows in his office on the couch scrolling through his phone. i remember leaning against the
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doorway and saying i just had an interesting conversation with rudy and mark. it sounds like we are going to the capitol. he didn't lookup from phone, and said something to the effect of, there's a lot going on, i don't know, things make it real bad on january 6. that evening was first moment i remember feeling scared and nervous for what could happen around january 6. >> fast-forward to january 6 and hutchinson says he boss mark meadows was unresponsive to her pleas to pay attention to what was going on. she recounted this moment on white house counsel pat cipollone reached out to meadows to try to get the president more involved. here is that conversation. collect the rioters -- quacks the rioters have gotten into the
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capital, mark. we need to go down and see the president now. mark looked up at him and said: he does not want to do anything, pat. pat said something to the effect of, and very clearly, said this to mark, somhing to the effect of, mark, something needs to be done or people are going to die and the blood's going to be on your hands. this is getting out of control, i'm going down there. >> extraordinary testimony. we heard that meadows himself asked for a pardon. we reached out to mr. meadows' attorneys for a response that we have not heard back yet. >> there was one explosive disclosure after another. anything else you would add that was noteworthy in the way of accusations? how are the former president and the others around him responding to all of this? >> some republicans have responded with a simple! but it is important to note the
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president has been responding. here are quotes he put on social media. he set of hutchinson i hardly know who that person is. on the limo anecdote, the fact he assaulted a security aide, he said that is a fake story and he said there is no cross-examination for this so-called witness. this is a kangaroo court. of course former president trump in the past has disassociated himself, said he does not know people that we know he has been associated with, so i want to add that context. overall let's talk about these accusations. we wanted to summarize what we learned today overall. president trump knew about weapons. a transfer violence from the crowd as it was getting ready -- a chance for violence from the crowd, and he wanted to march with the crowd. the other accusation is he wanted to assault a security chief sworn to protect him because he wanted to take over and get himself to the capitol.
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another accusation that is important, witness tampering. the committee has said they have messages from trump allies to witnesses saying they are sure they will be loyal. that is a potential federal crime. with all of this what we are seeing now is the committee honing more evidence for criminal cases. that still remains in the hands of the department of justice. more hearings are ahead, we don't know when. judy: they pointed to hearings upcoming, more information to be disclosed. we thank you both. joining me now to further unpack what we learned today are andrea bernstein, co-host of the will be wild podcast. examining the events leading up to and through january 6th. she's also a regular npr contributor. and jamil jaffer, a law professor at george mason university and former associate
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counsel to president george w. bush. there were so many disclosures and bits of new information today. it is hard to know where to begi what is standing out the most to you? >> what we began to see today was a connection between trump and the violent activity that happened on january 6. what we have known so far as he pressured his justice department to try to overturn state electors, that he pressured mike pence, state legislators and local officials, but what we heard today was knowledge of president trump that people in the crowd before him had weapons, flagpoles tipped with spear, body armor, pepper spray, bear spray. they did not want to lay down their weapons. even with that, he went ahead of them and said, fight like hell,
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we are going to go to the capitol, i will be there with you. at the time he really did believe he was going to the capitol. the secret service team did not let him go. what is emerging as the sense this violence was understood by the president. the white house warned him. rudy giuliani was saying as early as january 2 that something was going to happen on january 6. this moves us closer to the question of, was president trump -- what did he know about the plan? he knew there was a weaponized riled up crowd and that he himself was riled up when he made that speech on the ellipse on january 6. judy: what about for you, what is standing out the most? >> andrea is exactly right, the idea the president knew the crowd was armed, was not worried they were going to target him, that they were going to threaten him, but were going to threaten the capitol and were planning on
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marching to the capitol and he called upon them to do that is shocking direct evidence. on top of that you had the fact that after the fact when pat cipollone comes into the office with mark meadows and they are discussing what happened and mark meadows is saying to cipollone, the president thinks mike pences er d, o thhaveanis d stormed the capitol are doing nothing wrong, that is not the kind of behavior you expect from any president and it is shocking you do not see more congressional republicans today running fast away from donald trump because it is just astounding what we heard today. health -- judy: how surprising is it that white house keep people were concerned in the hours and days leading up to january 6 about what happened?
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>> we have had some inkling of this. we knew that pat cipollone was one of the people who did not want trump to replace his acting attorney general with another acting attorney general. there has been indication there was concern around the white house. what was different today was we had direct testimony from a white house aide, a young woman coming before this committee, most of the witnesses have been older men, and there she is saying under oath, and obviously lying to congress is a felony, she went up and spoke the truth. we saw people like former general mike flynnho had been convicted of lying to the fbi previously before trump pardoned him taking the fifth amendment and not even answering the question about whether he thought blocking the peaceful transfer of power was a crime. the contrast was stark today.
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having eyewitness testimony took us further into understanding what was going on in the white house up to end on january 6 -- up to and on january 6. judy: what about in terms of evidence or information we heard today that is legally incriminating? for the former president. >> we have long known that as a legal matter there are real challenges, bringing a case against a former president particularly relating to elections. this would be a difficult case to make. it would run the justice department into problems of being accused of being political. what is interesting is what happened at the end of the hearing where you had trump world people calling potential witnesses before congress and saying hey, the president knows you are loyal. he is thinking of you today. this is something you would see in goodfellas or casino,
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straight out of a mafia don movie. that may be actionable. maybe not the actions of the president but potentially the actions of his aides who said these things and maybe up to the president the way you work up to a mafia boss threatening witnesses before congress is a crime and that is something referral could be made on and that may be the place congress goes. it is going to be harder to get other charges they have been talking about against the president, obstruction and conspiracy charges. much more difficult to prove in the context of an ongoing election of a sitting president. judy: what are you hearing in terms of whether the president could now be in legal jeopardy? the former president. >> his own white house counsel thought he was going to be in serious legal jeopardy if you want to the capitol. he warned specifically that the president could be charged with obstruction of a an official
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proceeding, fraud, or inciting a riot. that is if the president went to the capitol. it was quite stark that the white house lawyer told the president -- the white house lawyer warned the chief of staff the president could have blood on his hds. that is the man who in the president's first impeachment blocked all witness participation from the white house. this is somebody who was very loyal to trump saying these things at the end of the day. there is concern there. at the end of the hearing, the dramatic finale was when representative cheney asked cassidy hutchinson whether meadows asked for a pardon and she said yes he did. that was -- the curtain dropped on her testimony. that leaves a very strong sense he thought he had done something wrong. now we have this break in the hearing presumably unless they call us back and that is left ringing in the air for all of us to hear but the justice department to think about as
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well, whether to bring charges against the president and/or people around him. judy: a quick answer from you on the fact that some of what cassidy hutchinson testified today was hearsay, what she heard other people describing. how does that hold up compared to what she personally witnessed? >> certainly it was hearsay, she was describing what people said, but at the end of the day, she saw a lot of what happened. she heard the president speak. at the end of the day there are going to be other witnesses called and unless they refute what cassidy hutchinson said, the story sticks and it is a real problem for the president and for republicans that seek to back the president in a further election or the like. judy: we thank you both. >> thank you.
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stephanie: i'm stephanie sy with newshour west. the number of migrants dead after packing into a tractor-trailer rig in texas rose to 51. two mexican nationals were charged in connection with what authorities called the cross-border smuggling operation. the driver has also been detained. the migrants were found monday evening in san antonio. we will get more details after the news summary. in more fallout from the supreme court decision to overturn roe v. wade, a texas judge today blocked a 1925 law that banned nearly all abortions. while in tennesse, a federal appeals court allowed a ban after six weeks of presidency -- six weeks of pregnancy. meanwhile, the u.s. secretary of health and human services said he'll consider all options for abortion access. if they pass legal muster. >> we're not interested in going rogue and doing things just
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because. and so, to every american who's impacted, my apologies, that as i said we can't tell you there's a silver bullet. >> it is primary night again with elections in six states and several marquee races. republican tina peters is running to be colorado's top elections official. she's been indicted for election fraud and rejects the 2020 election results. new york's democratic governor kathy hochul faces primary challenges after stepping in when andrew cuomo resigned. advisers to the fda are recommending that covid vaccines be tweaked to match the highly contagious offshoots of the omicron variant. the panel voted today for adding new protections to updated boosters this fall. the recommendation now goes to the full fda. u.s. health officials announced new measures this evening to combat a growing monkeypox outbreak. vaccines will be targeted at high-risk communities and testing will expand.
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56,000 doses will be released immediately, and more than 1.5 million doses will become available in the coming months. there are currently 306 cases of monkeypox in the u.s., men who have recently had sex with other men make up the majority of cases. in central ukraine, rescuers kept digging today in the ruins of a burned-out shopping mall hit by russian missiles. firefighters cleared rubble from monday's attack in kremenchuk. it killed at least 18 people, with 21 missing. but ukraine's interior minister said no one could have survived the intense heat. we can now say for sure there are no living people remaining. at such temperatures, bodies can burn out completely. we saw metal constructions which burnt completely. so, we can't ru out that a certain amount of people, remains, will be recoverednl icy afe r th cleared. >> meanwhile the group of seven democracies pledged to support ukraine for as long as it takes. and, significantly, turkey
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dropped its opposition to letting sweden and finland join nato stephanie: -- join nato as alliance leaders convened in spain. we'll return to all of this, later in the program. the united nations now says the first decade of syria's civil war killed more than 300,000 civilians. it's the highest official estimate yet, but it does not include thousands who died from lack of health care or food. syria's war began in 2011. a court in germany has convicted a former nazi concentration camp guard of more than 3,500 counts of accessory to murder. the defendant identified only as joseph s. is 101 years old. he entered court today in a wheelchair, hiding his face with a blue folder. the granddaughter of a prisoner at the sacksen-hausen camp welcomed the outcome. >> i think it's really important that, my generation and the future generation, that there will no longer be direct witnesses of this his -- of this history, that we keep on this
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memory. >> the suspect was sentenced to five years in prison. back in this country federal , a court in new york sentenced ghislaine maxwell to 20 years in prison for steering young girls to jeffrey epstein. for sexual abuse. the british socialite told the court that meeting the financier was the greatest regret of her life. epstein died of suicide in 2019. suspected hate crimes in california have hit their highest level since after 9/11. the state says there were nearly 1,800 reported incidents last year. up 3% -- up 33% from a year earlier. reports involving asian americans jumped nearly 200 percent. incidents involving sexual orientation rose nearly 50 percent. michigan's supreme court today ordered indictments dismissed against former state officials, in the flint water scandal. ex-governor rick snyder had faced misdemeanor counts in the lead-contamination crisis. the court found a judge wrongly issued the indictments. without using a grand jury.
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still to come on the newshour, clinics ramp up aid for women seeking abortions across state lines after the supreme court decision overturning roe v. wade. the u.s. ambassador to nato discusses a critical summit at a time of uncertainty in europe and much more. >> this is the pbs newshour from weta studios in washington and from the walter cronkite school of journalism at arizona state university. judy: the governments of u.s. and mexico are investigating the deadliest human smuggling case in modern u.s. history. at least 51 people died after they were trapped in a sweltering tractor-trailer abandoned on the outskirts of san antonio. authorities are still working to identify the victims. stephanie sy has more. reporter: it was a worker in the area who heard the cries for help and found the tractor
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trailer. doors partially open, and inside, people piled on top of each other. bodies were also found strewn along the road near the scene. more than a dozen other victims, including several children, were taken to the hospital. >> the patients that we saw were hot to the touch. they were suffering from heat stroke, heat exhaustion. no signs of water in the vehicle. it was a refrigerated tractor trailer, but there was no visible working ac unit on that rig. reporter: the heat index was more than 100 degrees in san antonio on monday afternoon. authorities believe human traffickers were transporting the migrants. among the victims were 22 citizens of mexico, 7 from guatemala, and two from honduras. the president of mexico, andres manuel lopez obrador commented on the tragedy. >> these unfortunate events have to do with the situation of poverty and desperation of our
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central american and mexican brothers and sisters. it happens because there is also human trafficking and lack of controls at the border between mexico and the united states and inside the united states. reporter: recent months have seen a record high number of attempted crossings from mexico. in may alone u.s. customs and border patrol agents encountered more than 230,000 migrants making multiple border crossing attempts, even as a covid public health order remains in place, essentially banning migrants. the biden administration has attempted to lift the title 42 restrictions, but a federal judge blocked its repeal. san antonio mayor ron nirenberg called for compassion. >> the plight of migrants seeking refuge is always a humanitarian crisis, but tonight we are dealing with a horrific human tragedy. reporter: customs enforcement has detained three people believed to be part of the smuggling conspiracy. stephanie: for more on the
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context in which these migrant deaths occured, let's turn to aaron melnick, policy director of the american immigration council. thank you for joining the newshour. anyone who has been in the southwest in the summer knows the heat can be deadly-and being inside an un-air conditioned tractor-trailer truck its hard to imagine how high the temperatures got in there. why would anyone take that risk, much less with children? >> it is a horrific outcome and the reality is that many migrants are taking this risk because they feel there is no other way for them to get into the united states. even the children many of whom are trying to join family members in the united states find they have no other options to come to this country. smugglers convince them to take routes that are inherently dangerous. >> this has happened before, we see it again this year. 290 migrants have already died trying to cross the
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the first six months of this year. r inde boras we just reported, s are reporting a record number of attempted crossings at the southern border since may. the main trump era policies that were meant to deter migration during the pandemic are still in place despite t biden administration trying to get rid of them. conditions are pretty much the same. how did those policies contribute to people continuing to cross this way? >> what we have seen is that title 42, the trump era pandemic health restriction is still in place and for individuals who are from mexico, guatemala, honduras, and el salvador, nearly all of those migrants, especially single adults, cross -- caught crossing the border are rapidly expelled to mexico and that leads people to attempt to cross over and over trying to get through without being detected. unfortunately every time a person crosses the border like that they are rolling a die and
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taking a chance tragedy might occur. unfortunately what we saw yesterday is one of the worst tragedies of its kind. >> a federal judge has blocked the biden administration's ability to repeal title 42. you also have greg abbott who is up for reelection in november and a republican blaming president biden saying the deaths are a result of open border policies and a refusal to enforce the law. you have democrats on the other sides saying it is because of trump's close border policies. how do we make sense of all of this? >> no person gets in a crowded truck and puts their life at risk if the border is open. the reality is that for migrants who are in that truck, there was no way for them to come into the united states legally even if they were attempting to seek asylum. since march 2020 the ports of entry have been shut to asylum-seekers and for migrants from mexico and the northern triangle countries, there really
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is no way right now to access the asylum process or indeed to migrate legally. the reality is the vast majority of people who have come to our border and seek a better life have no legal ways to enter. over the last 30 years we have made the border harder to cross in the safe locations which has driven people into more dangerous routes. 2021 with the deadliest year on record at the border and 2022 is going to be worse. >> you have people like abbott's gubernatorial opponent former congressman beto o'rourke said -- saying there should be more avenues for legal migration. given the scope of this tragedy, do you see that coming up again for debate in washington? more pathways for legal immigration? do you see the biden administration prioritizing that? >> the administration has said it wants to expand pathways for
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legal migration and to address the root causes that are the reasons people are leaving their homes in the first place. but we are at a congressional impasse even though the american public by a very large majority supports increased access to migration. unfortunately all of this is caught up in the politics right now. you have one party that has become very anti-immigration and as we saw with former president trump, even legal immigration was under attack. when you cut off avenues for legal migration you are forcing people into more and more dangerous routes. the chances of a tragedy occurring go up. >> thank you for joining the newshour. >> thank you for having me. judy: in the days since the
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supreme court overturned roe v. wade, one state after another has outlawed abortion. illinois is one of the few states in the middle of the country where people can still legally access abortion care. kaiser health news correspondent sarah varney traveled to illinois to see what's happening there. reporter: along the highway from st. louis, a billboard reads welcome to illinois, where you can get a safe, legal abortion. hope clinic stands out like a beacon. >> how may i help you? reporter: amy supervises the front desk. >> diagnostics are now ok. reporter: on a normal day what would this look like? >> the waiting room would be full. >> people travel from texas, florida, and kentucky. i'm standing here in illinois and just behind me is missouri across the river. normally you would not think twice about crossing state lines but now these borders matter in
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terms of where women can access abortion care. how busy havehe phones been? >>hey've been ringing off the hook especially on mondays. reporter: dr. erin king is an ob-gyn and executive director of hope clinic. >> people are coming to us much more, almost in states of crisis. there are much deeper levels of stress and anxiety both around living somewhere that is telling u that what you are doing is wrong and then having to come so far, as the distance has increased and peoples resources have decreased. it is really scary to see. people will drive 300 miles, have multiple organizations help them, and still arrive and say do not tell anyone because i know this is not a legal -- because i know this is illegal. well, it's not illegal here. reporter: 10 minutes away in missouri abortion is now illegal with no exceptions for rape or incest. this clinic and others around illinois have been preparing for
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this moment for months, years even. they're staying open later, adding weekends, beefing up staff, and they've even built new facilities. >> we are seeing other colleagues start to come into the state where they may have been practicing than other states. they are moving their practices into our state, which is going to increase access significantly. do i think illinois will be able to give all the access that is needed? no. reporter: but one way women can access abortion as a growing number of states outlaw it is through medication abortion. it's been around since the early 1990's but it wasn't approved by the fda until 2000 for up to 10 weeks of pregnancy. now more than half of abortions are carried out using the two pill regimen that stops the pregnancy and causes a miscarriage. >> figure out how far along she is. if she is under 10 weeks we will offer the option for medical abortion. >> it's been safely used for decades in countries around the world and is 99.6 percent
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effective. >> there's data to show that it's safer than getting a penicillin shot. >> dr. sadia haider is the division director of family planning at rush university in chicago. in many states, abortion pills can be prescribed via telehealth or obtained online. >> when we think of self-managed abortion pre roe, we think of coat hangers and botched abortions in alleyways. is this the same moment? >> we did not have these medications in those days. we have very good medications now that safely can provide medical abortion both in the hands of clinicians and patients. there is a number of studies that have shown this, that patients can do this safely. reporter: to do that, they sometimes need to leave home to have privacy from their children or an abusive partner. we heard the story of one woman who wasn't able to have her medication abortion safely at home. and relied on financial support from an abortion fund so she could finish the process in a hotel room here in decatur. over the last few years, as restrictions grew in surrounding states, illinois has become a
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safe haven. in 2018, about 5,600 women came here from out of state for abortion care. in 2020, that number increased 70% to nearly 9,700. we're driving to chicago, that's where many women from the midwest and the south have to travel as and order to access abortion care. there are just far more clinics in the chicago area than anywhere else in the state. and they are driving long distances. from lexington, kentucky, it's 400 miles. from memphis, tennessee, it's 530 miles. from houston, it's more than a thousand miles and that is just one way. reporter: it's a busy morning at megan jeyifo's house in chicago. her husband is getting their kids ready for camp, and she and her colleague qudsiyyah shariyf have a long list of women who need their help. together, they run the chicago abortion fund which helps women access care who can't afford it or live in states where it's
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illegal. >> we heard in hope clinic yesterday a lot of people coming from tennessee, kentucky, texas, oklahoma. what are some of the things people need in order to make that journey? >> since the start of this year being 2022, each month we see folks from at least 20 states . we're supporting a lot of folks who are calling us, trying to figure out, can i be seen in my home state? is there a place close to me? or maybe they're just like, i know chicago. i'd rather just come to chicago and get care. >> it can be as simple as, you know, over the border in indiana as a $14 train ticket. it can be -- we have bought clothes for people who did not think they were going to be staying here for multiple day appointments, maxi pads. a hotel stay, a childcare stipend, and some thing we try to underline is the difficulty you've faced up to this point to get an abortion isn't a reflection of the morality of your decision to have an abortion.
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this is political. this has nothing to do with you, your body, your doctor, your choices. those are yours. we trust you to make a decision for yourself and your family that is is powerful and brave. reporter: the phones calls to the chicago abortion fund are constant. many of those women end up in chicago and family planning associates. >> it's difficult to imagine how this ramp up will occur to be able to take care of all these extra patients. one day, we're seeing our usual number of patients. the next day, 20,000 more people are calling. reporter: dr. allison cowett is the clinic's medical director. >> at least half of people who seek abortion have used some form of birth control in the month prior to them seeking abortion. there will always be a need fore people got pregnant and weren't intended to get pregnant because
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their birth control failed, also because there are many situations where women cannot stay pregnant for their own health and to save their their their own life. there are so many different reasons that women seek abortion. >> how do you feel than this moment? >> when i'm here at work. i have to say, i feel very calm because i feel like this is we are part of a solution for so many people's lives. when i'm outside my work environment, i do feel rage and i feel concerned that we're not getting that word out there, that this is a public health crisis and the end of women as equal partners in our society. reporter: we've gone from one end of illinois to the other. just behind me in wisconsin, clinics have stopped booking appointments for patients, forcing women to search elsewhere. it's yet another example that borders matter. for the pbs newshour and kaiser
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health news on the illinois wisconsin border, i'm sarah varney. judy: historic news this evening from the nato meeting in spain: turkey has removed its opposition to sweden and finland joining the security alliance. the scandinavian nations sought membership after russia's invasion of ukraine, and a deal has now been struck. our nick schifrin is in madrid for the summit, which starts in earnest tomorrow, and he joins me now. nick, hello! tell us what led to turkey changing its mind. >> weeks of back-channel diplomacy with nato and the u.s. playing key roles. but even up until a few hours ago, senior officials here did not know whether it would go through. it went through and there was a
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signing ceremony just a few hours ago in madrid. nato, turkey, finland, and sweden, a trilateral agreement, really in which sweden and finland really gave into some of president erdogan's priorities: the agreement states finland and sweden unambiguously condemn all terrorist organisations perpetrating attacks against turkiye and names the organizations that turkey defines as a terrorist. that is what i senior turkish official tells me is the document's most important point. number two, the document says finland and sweden will drop embargoes that prevented them from selling turkey weapons. and finland and sweden will address turkey's requests to deport and extradite kurds. some of those include journalists and the u.s. for one has refused some of turkey's extradition demands in the past. still, nato secretary general
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jens stilton berg -- stoltenberg said it reiterated nato's core principle: countries that meet the alliance's requirements can become members. >> nato's open door policy has been an historic that -- historic success. welcoming finland and sweden into the alliance will make them safer, nato stronger and the euro-atlantic area more secure. this is vital as we face the biggest security crisis in decades. >> that of course is a reference to the war in ukraine, judy, which has transformed european security in a matter of months. as you said, finland and sweden have been proud to be military nonaligned. today, they believe they need nato to prevent russia from further attacking even in their countries. judy: you mentioned the u.s.. tell us about the u.s. role in bringing this about. >> it really played a key role but it has down played that role
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from the beginning. this morning u.s., sweden, and finland really calibrated a key call that president biden made to erdogan right before he was leaving turkey in order to come here to madrid as the senior u.s. official who told us put it, to get everyone -- to put erdogan in the right frame of mind. right before the deal they called president biden just to get his final blessing and the officials said biden has been coordinating all of this with finland and sweden since november, trying to get to this day. the u.s. believes this is the most historic nato summit in decades because of the combination of this expansion of nato and the combined major increases in the deployment of nato troops to eastern europe and an increased readiness of those nato troops to deploy to eastern europe. i talked about that topic with u.s. ambassador to nato julie
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smith before the finland and sweden not smith -- and sweden announcement. >> thank you very much. thank you. secretary-general stoltenberg announced the number of troops on high alert grew from 40,000 to 300,000. that is a big jump. what does it actually mean? >> the alliance has somethingca. it's about 40,000 troops that are prepared to move within 15 days. by the end of this year, we're going to have a much larger pool of forces preassigned and ready to go and that will be up to those 300,000. and with the possibility of deploying those troops on just a few days notice. >> how does it really make a big difference to have a number that is so ch larger, but those troops are still in their home countries at base? >> well you are right. nato allies do have forces at
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their disposal. those forces train together. nato's allies regularly exercise together. but what's new and different here is that we are, in fact, pre-assigning or picking out sets of forces that will be at the ready. so then when a crisis does bubble to the surface, nato allies won't have to go around and have what we would call some sort of force generation exercise where you're asking countries what is available. in this case, we'll know exactly what allies have on hand, and those forces will be ready to deploy within days. >> the other step is the number of troops actually deployed to eastern europe. up until now, there's been about 1000 troops, a battalion level. in the three baltic states, as well as poland, effectively as a tripwire. not enough troops to defend those countries themselves. those will now go up to a brigade level, 3000 to 5000. is that a high enough number,
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though, to actually defend that territory? >> what the alliance did a couple of months ago after russia went into ukraine is it actually tasked the commander at nato, secuer, as we call him, general walters, an american, to conduct a review and try and determine what the alliance would need in its eastern flank to deter and defend against some sort of russian attack or any attack in the future. he came back with the advice that those allies that currently have multinational battalions that we should be able to scale those battalions to a brigade. >> then there's the question of the nato strategic concept, basically a kind of national security strategy for nato. the last time nato had it was 2010 and it included this sentence. nato-russia cooperation is of strategic importance as it contributes to creating a common space of peace, stability, and security. at the time you were at the
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pentagon. you were the director of nato policy. looking back, was the obama administration, was all of nato naive? >> look, we rewrite this strategic concept, this kind of national security strategy once a decade. when we sit down and do that, we do the best job that we can at the time. when we wrote this strategic concept in 2010, we were hopeful for a very different trajectory of nato's relationship with russia. now, if you look back at what russia did in 2014 and crimea, if you look at what it's recently done in ukraine, again since late february, we are obviously in a completely different era and a different set of circumstances. so this strategic concept is going to say and look a lot different than the one from 2010. the language on russia is going to reflect the current environment. it is going to reflect russia's work in ukraine. the war crimes that we've talked about there, the indiscriminate
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attacks against civilians. >> the new strategic document identifies russia as nato's most immediate threat. there's been differences, as you know, among nato allies about how far to go. president macron, for example, has said the west must resist the temptation to humiliate russia. do you agree? >> i think we all come to the table with different perspectives. every single member of the alliance has a different history with russia, different proximity to russia, different geography. we appreciate that the countries that actually border ukraine or belarus, where russia has station tens of thousands of troops and just -- >> recently, president putin warned that belarus could have more russian nuclear weapons. y ok athe e >>situatlyion dixafferently thae rest of us that have some distance from the war. but again, the fact that we have all come together and agreed on text that describes the threat and charts a path for nato going forward is a remarkable moment in nato's history.
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>> ambassador julie smith, thank you very much. >> nick will be covering those meetings in madrid in days to come. that is all for the newshour tonight. join us tomorrow evening. from all of us at the pbs newshour, thank you, stay safe, and we will see you soon. >> major funding has been provided by. >> architect. beekeeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor taylor's advice to help you live your life. life well planned. >> carnegie corporation of new york, supporting innovations in education, democratic engagement, and the investment of international peace and security at carnegie.org. the target foundation committed
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to advancing racial equity and creating the change required to ship systems and accelerate equitable economic opportunity. and with the ongoing support of these institutions. this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. this is the pbs newshour from weta studios in washington and in the west from the walter cronkite school of journalism at arizona state university.
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narrator: what makes a great recipe? are they the dishes that are passed down to us through generations of home cooking? woman: i love to make my mom's honey turkey wings. narrator: are they the ones that tell the story of who we are and where we're from? man: i'm making nashville hot chicken. second man: korean potstickers, or what we call mandu. chilaquiles is a very popular mexican dish. but this is something that i've recreated here in the united states. mm-mm. good. narrator: modern american home cooking has it all. woman: this brings us all the love. that broth just feels so good. the flavor is so many memories, so many important moments in your family's life. narrator: from a personal twist on an american classic... man: i add cardamom to the cookies. oh, my gosh. cardamom. perfect for oatmeal cookies. narrator: to a century-old sunday gravy. man: just to set the rerd straight, if there is meat in it, it is a gravy.

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