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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 20, 2022 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by. narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from
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viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". >> i am laura d this is bbc world. we will have the rults of elections in france and columbia. colombia has a left-wing president for the first time ever who is promising to raise taxes on the rich. israelis are headed to the polls again. we will go to miami where rising house prices are deepening demand and homeownership between
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lacking white americans. president mccrone in france has lost his majority in parliament. up close and personal with guerrillas in guiana. -- gorillas in ghana. welcome to world news america. we start our program with three countries and three different elections. in a moment, we will go to france where president emmanuel macron has lost his majority. israel will hold its fifth runoff in the three years, but we begin in colombia where for the first time ever the country will have a left-wing president. gustavo petro one more than 50% of the vote by promising voters he would tax the rich. katy watson reports from bogota. >> this is the new face of columbia, a former rebel turned president, and beside him, a
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woman born into poverty who will be the country's first ever black vice president. the victory of gustavo petro and francia marquez marks a new point in the politics of this conservative country. celebrations, a testament to the fact that columbi -- colombians working to move on the. -- to move on. alexa left the mountains years ago. photography is now her weapon for change. >> it wasn't the case. it was the first step towards peace, social justice, no hunger. i would prefer to vote for
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somebody who would allow me to eat and give me more guarantees. >> there areots of people who disagree as the fear of the past and fear of the future with a president like gustavo petro, and that is why many voters chose the colombian trump, going viral with videos like this. i asked supporters what they made of the video. >> he was unique. a breath of fresh air. we aren't like venezuela, but that is our fear, that we could become like that. she is scared the economy is going to take a dive under the new president. these elections revealed the deep dissatisfaction among colombians across the board.
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both candidates offered something new, but in the end, the candidate who won offered a more appealing solution to the gaping inequality in this country. what has happened here is expected to strike a chord with voters across south america. next up, brazil's elections in october. could bolsonaro be unseated in a similar way? katy watson in bogota. > now to a looming election in israel where prime minister naftali bennett will step down and dissolve parliament. bennett has struggled to stabile a fragile governing coalition appeared the next election is likely to be in october and ll be the fifth in a 3.5 years. i spoke with joel greenberg in jerusalem. this was always an unstable coalition, but it was the first to have an arab-israeli party
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within it. what has caused the government to collapse? joel: in the end, there were too many internal strains. this was a coalition of parties ranging from the far right to far left, d political differences were supposed to be set aside to work on domestic issues, but the strains were too the government lost its majorit and was unable to pass bills, and in the end, they realized they reached a dead-end. >> if israel is headed for its fifth election in three years, could this mean a return to power for benjamin netanyahu, former prime minister? joel: it could be, but he would have to put together a majority coalition, which is complicated in the israeli system. while his party has done well, they cannot rule without a coalition of other parties.
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it will be difficult for him to do that. nothing is really certain at the moment. laura: president biden is heading to the middle east in three weeks. can he advanced u.s. aims in israel when the political situation is this chaotic? joel: there will be no change in government policy in the short-term, but with the election expected in october, the current leadership is going to rotate -- the current foreign minister will be prime minister, so the will be continuity, but the outcome of the election, for example, the return of netanyahu to power, nothing would change, i think. it is a short-termargain, whatever agreements are hammed out between by -- biden in the next prime minister. laura: is this a tense time with israel as the shadow war with
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iran heats up? joel: there have been lot of challenges. that was part of the strain. it brought criticism from the arab party. the right wing, there was criticism that led to a defection. these strains are what brought down theovernment, and it was difficult for it to chart a course with parties in so many disparate groups, right, left, and an islamist arab party, as well. laura: thanks for being with us. france for yet another election result. president emmanuel macron lost his presidential majority in sunday's pole. while his party is the largest in the assembly, he will be forced to negotiate with parties on the left and right to get
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policies through. lucy williamson has more from paris. lucy: the centrist coalition has lost one third of its seats. just look at the mood. >> the situation is unprecedented appeared the national assembly has overseen -- has not overseen a configuration of this type. the situation constitutes a risk for the country. lucy: this is president macron's main opposition, the new alliance of green and left-wing parties that dominated the far left. the initial estimates -- >> it's the total defeat of the president's party. there is no majority. we have achieved the political objective we set for ourselves.
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lucy: this was the big surprise of the night. marine le pen's far right party jumped from a handful of seats to almost 90. plenty of opposition to the president from all sides. >> we are going to continue to bring french people together as part of a movement bringing together patriots from the right and left. lucy: the opposition to the centrist coalition is now much stronger than before but also more fractured with one bloc lead on the far left of the chamber, and the other, led by marine le pen on the far right. french politics is realigning around these three political groups. some voters say it is no bad thing at president macron is forced to negotiate with his opponents. others believe denying the government a majority will lead
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to stagnation. president macron is facing a new era of political opposition that some see as good for democracy, and others, bad for france. lucy williamson, bbc news, paris. laura: in india, the supreme court will decide at the government's policy of demolishing muslim homes is constitutional. the authorities claim the houses are illegally constructed, but crits say the hindu nationalist party is bulldozing these homes to destroy the livelihoods of muslims who criticize the government. our south asian correspondent reports. >> in the streets, a lingering fear. for muslims in the town, nothing feels safe anymore. anti-muslim senment is everywhere in india.
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attacks and political speeches. and th are afraid the government is coming for their homes. bulldozing sent in after their 17-year-old student abdul was detained. this woman is here with her young grandchildren. >> the children were crying. they were howling. there were lots of police, too. everyone was scared. the bulldozer was outside, and we were in here. >> thousands demonstrated in the town following friday prayers. after a national spokesperson for the hindu national bjp made offensive remarks about mohammed, a largely peaceful march turned tense, dozens of
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muslim men detained. asma has not seen her son since that day. he is accused of rioting. she says he was not even at the protests, but officials have been to inspect her house. she is scared the bulldozers could visit next. >> we sacrificed everything to build this house. they came and said it is illegal and came to break it down. they can crush us anytime they want. >> it is not just this town appeared in recent months, bulldozers have been deployed across india, bjp cracking down on dissent. they call it "bulldozer justice" in india, a form of punishment which many say targets muslim protesters. it has drawn criticism from some
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of the country policy top legal minds. in a statement, a group of retired judges and lawyers said it wasn't unacceptable subversion of the rule of law and a violation of citizens rights and makes a mockery of the constitution. but india's bjp government disagrees. we asked an elected official if bulldozing was a proportionate response. >> nobody has a right to destroy any public property, so according to the law, definitely, the bulldozer must be used. bulldozing is the right thing to use. >> a threat to their homes and their rights, the bulldozer risks shaking the foundations of india's democratic values. laura: now rising prices are
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being felt across the globe, and in the u.s., the trend is exacerbating a problem of low homeownership rates for african-americans. a gap between black and white homeownership is now t widest in 100 years. segregation and housing was legal back then. we report from miami, florida. >> welcome to miami, water, sun, a legendary party scene, but the opulent homes be ally the city's housing crisis. miami has the worst income inequality in the country and has become the least affordable city for housing. even if you have the means to buy a home, the process of getting a loan can be a struggle. she lives in a $1.3 million home with her husband david. she has no debt and more than $100,000 cash in her account, an
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ideal candidate for a loan, but for months, the bank has been blocking her mortgage application. >> i have friends who are white. i have friends who are blocked. i know what my black friends have gone through getting loans, and i know my white friends who couldn't get loans and how quickly they got them with no problem. >> why do you think you are being treated this way? >> because of my color, my skin. i am an african-american woman. >> racism is not just in america's past, but for her, built into the economy today. enter one united bank, black-owned and black operated, set to break potentl barriers y fori look at the difference between black and white wealth, it can almost entirely be explained by homeownership. >> terrie williams has grown one united into the largest black bank in the country.
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> theres a huge homeownership cap. 60% for white americans. 30% to 40% for black america, and it cannot be explained just by income and credit alone. there is systemic racism. that is the bottom line. >> by tailoring mortgage applications to black customers, one united opened the door to homeownership for the wilcoxes. >> it was layman's terms and so elementary, and i was like, that's all it took? it's a beautiful thing. >> don't cry. >> i'm sorry. [laughter] >> but not everyone believes it is just about race. he has spent decades doing everything possible to make life better for black people. he believes homeownerip rates in the black community are low
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because owning property is just not valued. >> homeownership is not part of the value system of black folks. we have been conditioned to be renters. we have been conditioned to be dependent. >> economic inequality between black and white america is deeply rooted, and there are no easy solutions, but enabling black americans to build generational wealth that comes from homeownership may be one big step towards addressing it. bbc, miami. laura: today was the final chance in the story of the prime minister of the congo. he was assassinated in 1960. he was the first prime minister of the newly independent congo before being murdered by rebels working with mercenaries from belgium, the former colonial power. his body was dissolved in acid
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and just one gold tooth remained. that tooth was returned to his family. here's the story. >> prime minister for just three months, but his legacy still resonates across the drc, africa, and the world. he came from humble beginnings and rose rapidly in politics in his country's fight for independence from belgium. congo was cool and eyes in 1908, but it was ruled as a fiefdom for two decades before this. -- colonized in 1908, but it was rules as a fiefdom for two decades before this.
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he said, we've been persecuted. our load was worse than death itself. it was not an easy transfer of power. >> anarchy swept the country. >> lamumba had a political rivals, and there was upset over what some saw as colonial inflnce, but there was mutiny in the army. the country's president accused mr. lumumba of mishandling the crisis. lumumba contested and was arrested. patrice was placed under house arrest in the office he served as how -- prime minister. he managed to escape, but it was not long before he was captured and brought to the city.
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he was paraded and humiliated, but it was clear that in the background of cold war politics, his influence continued to be seen by his rivals and the west. mr. lumumba was transported out of the capital. these are the last pictures of him alive. he was killed by a firing squad, the murderers still unknown. his body was dissolved in acid, and his tooth, the only known remains. in 2016, the tooth was found in the possession of the family of a belgian policeman. he admitted to being involved in the disposal of lumumba's body. the tooth was seized by the
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belgian government. >> to mean, it is important as a doctor, after more than 60 years, knowing what happened to our father's body, it is symbolic. >> now the tooth is on the first stage of its journey home. it has been a long 60 years for patrice lumumba's family and the people of this country. laura: a closing chapter there. biodiversity is unde threat like never before, according to signed highest's. united nations has a goal of living in harmony with nature by 2050. is the goal achievable? climate editor justin roll out has been to see the gorillas of
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uganda to find out. justin: this park is one of the last two places on earth where mountain gorillas still survive. we are jushacking our way through the forest because the gorillas go wherever they want. have you seen something? there's one down there! this is just incredible. you can hear the sounds of guerrillas all around us. -- gorillas all around us. there are baby gorillas in the trees. there are gorillas on the ground. it's incredible.
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the population is growing steadily. it is a dramatic turnaround. david attenborough feared he might be seen the last of their kind when he visited a mountain gorilla family in the 1970's. how have the gorillas been saved? conservation charities say ecotourism is a large part of the answer. >> tourism does help animals if it is done right. had created jobs. the ngos have created jobs. there is lots of employment that has happened. justin: but tourism alone is not enough. look how abruptly the tree color ends in uganda. as the gorilla population grows -- >> we are seeing that families are more crowded. they are bumping into each other
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more, which is often associated with aggression. infants can oftentimese killed when families come together. justin: bigger parks cost more money. the u.n. is asking countries to set aside one third of their land and sea for conservation appeared the developing world says it needs 100 blion dollars a year to help fund that. the hope is a deadlock can be broken in nairobi this week. >> we've been told by scientists we only have century and only one planet. there is no planet b. justin: the mountain gorilla shows we can save species from the brink of extinction. the question is whether the world is ready to commit the resources to make it happen on a bigger scale. justin rollout, bbc news. laura: good news from the gorillas of uganda.
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i am laura trevelyan. thank you for watching bbc world news america. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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♪ judy: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, juneteenth. the anniversary of the end of slavery and the push for social justice. then, a historic shift. columbia elects a former guerrilla fighter as its first leftist president. the life, career and legacy of long time newshour political analyst mark shields. >> my favorite moments in televion have been with mark shields. >> all that d more in tonight's pbs newshou

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