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tv   BBC World News Today  PBS  June 17, 2022 5:00pm-5:30pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from views like you. thank you.
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announcer: and now, "bbc world news". >> this is bbc. from the heart of the european project, eu officials formally recommend ukraine- face-to-face talks with president zelenskyy. vladimir putin accuses western leaders of being out of touch. europe feels the heat as a heat wave causes soaring temperatures across the continent. ♪
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>> hello and welcome, if you are watching in the u.k., on pbs in the u.s. or around the world. e european commission has formally recommended candidate status for ukraine with conditions. for ukraine, this has been a long time ambition. president zelenskyy was quick to react, hailing it as an historic moment. yesterday, he received the backing of the three most powerful leaders in europe, germany, france and italy. today, the commission followed. here's the commission president speaking in brussels. >> ukrais are ready to die for the european perspective. we want them to live with us, the european dream. >> vladimir putin has responded
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to the commission saying he had no objection but he could not see how it would benefit kyiv to move closer to brussels. thanks very much for joining us. how do you think moscow will see this move by ukraine and the eu? it will take time for the eu to accept ukraine formally, many years, but it is a signal. >> the symbolism is an armistice. let's not forget this applies to moldova and with more provisions to georgia as well. three of russia's closest neighbors and also t main one, ukraine, being offered the european perspective. president putin has tried to play it cool but it is a massive psychological blow in favor of
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the eu, against the russians. there is a procedural side which cod take years, if not a decade. there is an enormous amount of work to be done. yesterday was about the visit, the european leaders to kyiv. today was about brussels offering this enormous caret. >> what does ukraine have to do to realistically join? could there be transitional meership? >> let's not forget there are four balkan countries ahead of ukraine in the queue. they have been there more than 10ears. the last enlargement country was croatia, 2004, if i got that right. it is in norma's -- it is an in norma's task -- enormous task.
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there is a massive technical side, converging with all eu standards. on the second and third, ukraine was far behind and is falling further behind because it's economy is devastated by the war, which is why president macron and the president of the european council have been talking about some kind of transitional status being offered to these outer tier countries. >> what does this mn for the free movement of labor? and the political consequences of that in europe? >> this is a huge point. these three countries are much poorer than bulgaria and romania. at the moment, they join the single market, most can work
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anywhere in the eu. that is another issue that has to be addressed. you don't want to offer ukraine membership find billions of ukrainians use the opportunity to leave ukraine and relocate to the rest of europe. >> thank you so much. very good to speak to you. the british prime minister has arrived in kyiv on his second visit in a show of support. he met president zelenskyy to discuss support and a training program for ukrainian forces. he tweeted that it wasood to be back in the ukrainian capital. he said russia still has not achieved what it has attempted to do. >> only a couple of hours away, a barbaric assault continues on entirely innocent people.
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towns and villages are being reduced to rubble. as you rightly say, we continue to see the deliberate targeting of cilians. >> our correspondent was in key when boris johnson arrived. >> he was in this very spot a few moments ago. you can see the burned out russian tanks and vehicles brought back from the frontline, now, a tourist attraction. a grim testament to the battle raging. the prime minister's visit was completely unannounced. we got word he was here. came down to this place. we are in the heart of the capital. the prime minister walked into the complex of that building, st. michael's cathedral. he made his way outside and walked along the cobbles here alongside president zelenskyy. they walked over to where a large crowd had gathered. we tried to get a few words with president zelenskyy and the prime minister. rely tight security.
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we were told they were here to talk to the ukrainian people. certainly the message is the u.k. is with ukraine. the prime minister may have been facing problems at home when it comes to his leadership. here, there is a feeling he is amongst friends. president zelenskyy has said as much. yesterday, we have the leaders of france, germany and italy here. today the british prime minister. this is a show of defiance. they want to send a message to president putin. the west says it is with ukraine. ukraine wants to join the eu. the americans and the british are sending longer-range missiles. the problem is if you listen to those ukrainian commanders in the east, they say they are not arriving soon enough. that they are losing hundreds of men every day on the front line of this brutal war. for today, this visit, the second trip to kyiv by boris johnson, it is senng a message the u.k. is with ukraine.
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>> fighting is continuing in the east of ukraine with russia getting closer to gaining full control. the donbass region is a key battleground, taking it and the nearby city would see moscow control the entire region. our ukraine correspondent reports. >> this is the reality of the battle. close quarters combat, said to be as brutal as anything seen in europe since world war ii. these men, including british and american soldiers, in the midst ofkraine's foreign legion. they have traveled from around the world to resist russia's invasion. many pay with eir lives. others have been captured, including, reportedly, two two u.s. entrants. >> if we had reason to believe, credible, that these individuals
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were in russian custody, we would pursue that as appropriate. >> across the east, ukrainian forces are digging in, preparing for an unexpected russian push. they wait. at the start of this war, light infantry tactics, mobile units out thinking their opponents, won famous victories -- now they are on the back foot against a better armed enemy. >> the most important thing is that the guys are not afraid. they rush into battle. everyone would be worried. everyone has something behind them. conscience, honor. >> the are using every tool at their disposal to fight this war. this is a special forces drone unit, erating on the front lines. >> i'm looking for vehicle. >> look at what they are up
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against, as they film, shells land nearby and below there drone, a russian fighter strikes. ukraine desperately needs more equipment. the west says it is coming. the question is, will it be too late? bbc news, kyiv. >> russia's president has accused the u.s. and eu of provoking humanitarian catastrophes around the world. he defended his decision to invade ukraine and dismissed suggestions it had anything to do with causing global food shortages. he has been speaking at an economic forum in st. petersburg. >> these are fundamental, truly revolutionary and inexorabl changes. it would be a mistake to think during these tumultuous changes you can simply sit out, waiting your time that everything will get back, that everything will be as itas. it won't. and yet, it seems as if the
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ruling elites of certain western countries are laboring under precisely these illusions, choosing to ignore the obvious, persistently clinging to the ghost of the past. they think the domination of the west and global politics is a constant. nothing is peremptory or eternal. >> vladimir putin was trying to send a message when he said russia was entering a new era as a powerful sovereign nation. >> it was a message of defiance and denial. clearly, president putin's objective is to present russia or turn russia into a major force in the international arena. when he came to power, more than 20 years ago, russia was weak, after the collapse of the soviet union. in looking back at president
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putin's career, it seems his key objective, his ambition was to make it respected, feared internationally. what he said now, i think, is meant to hail the fact that he is confident in achieving that objective. >> let's look at some of the other stories making the news. china's navy has launched a third aircraft carrier, entirely built in the country. it is almost as big as the largest u.s. carrier. new tech will help it to launch planes from the deck. it will likely be some years before the vessel enters service. the government's staffing nonessential services to work from home and schools, switching off-line for two weeks. hundreds of petrol stations have run dry.
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public transport h been disrupted. thailand is doing away with preregistration and prior covid vaccinations for foreign visitors. the important tourism sector is still recovering from the pandemic. stay with us on bbc world news. much more to come. people struggle to stay cool as europe faces a record-breaking heat wave. ♪ >> there was a bomb in the city center. a code word known to be one used by the ira was given. army bomb experts were examining when there was a huge explosion. >> the south african pament has destroyed the foundation of
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apartheid by abolishing population registration acts, which for 40 years forcibly classified each citizen according to race. >> one day old and the royal baby is sleeping in his cot at home. the new prince was taken by his mother and father to their apartments in kensington palace. >> the buddhist dog has voted by a narrow majority to move the seat of government to berlin. berlin celebrated into tonight. >> the real effect was the world's first woman cosmonaut. >> what do you think? >> it is a wonderful achievement. ♪ >> this is bbc news. the european commission recommends ukraine be given candidate status in its
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application to join the eu. russia strikes a defiant note. president putin accuses western leaders of being out of touch. parts of europe are on heatwave alert this weekend with temperatures on the rise. so hot in some areas, conditions are dangerous to health. spain, which has already seen its hottest may since the beginning of the century, is sweltering under temperatures forecast as high as 43 degrees celsius. france is seeing its earliest ever hot spell, exacerbating a drought and raising the risk of wildfires. in the u.k., level 3 heat warnings issued for parts of southern england, on what is officially hottest day of the year. it is not just europe. the u.s., 120 million people are under sensitive advisory as a heatwavecorches the upper midwest and southeast. i am joined by a climate scientist from the grantham
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institute here in london where it has been a very hot day. thank you for joining us. what is behind these rising temperatures? we know climate change is a factor. what can you tell us about thi >> first of all, every heatwave is like a weather event. the weather is variable. it takes unusual weather to generate a heatwave. for the current heatwave in western europe, we have unusual wind bringing hot air from north africa, from the sahara into the west euro region and that is leading to hot temperatures. there is also the climate change factor. we know very well, the science is very established that global warming is making every heatwave more severe and making heat waves more frequent. to put some numbers on this, for example, very recently we had a heatwave in india and pakistan over the spring.
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that was made 30 times more likely because of global warming. in a previous climate. that is to illustrate the impact of global warming. similar numbers for the 2018 summer behave -- summer heatwave. we can confidently say climate change is amplifying the effect of this weather patternnd heatwave. >> for people who are worried -- i personally was caught up in a forest fire last summer in france. it was utterly terrifying. we were lucky to get out. i am looking to my summer with trepidation this year in europe. obviously, people are living with this on a daily basis. how can peopleook ahead to see whether it is possible to forecast these intensely dangerous events? >> generally, as a weather event, we can make forecasts
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7-10 days. not much further than that. generally speaking we cannot say for example weather this summer will be scorching hot in europe or not. it is not something we can do. what we can y however is of course, coming back to climate change, with global warming becoming increasingly severe, that will automatically make the likelihood of heat waves and droughts and forest fires, all of these things will automatically become more frequent and severe. one thing to remember is we are already in a world just over one degrees celsius warmer than before the industrial revolution. 1.2 degrees celsius from global warming. already, and the present-day climate, a heatwave that happened every 10 years will be happening every three to four years and in a world that is two degrees warmer than
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preindustrial, it will be happening more than every other year. it will come really, it will become a normal event. what used to be extreme is becoming the new normal. that is increasingly going to be the case as we go towarhigher temperatures. >> i am sorry we are out of time. very good to spe to you. >> thank you. >> gatwick says it will limit the number of flights across the summer because of staff shortages. usually 900 flights run per day but only 800 services will run in july. this follows similar moves by amsterdam, limiting travelers this summer. in the u.s., major airlines are cutting their summer schedules. theo is at gatwick. >> you have to remember what the industry has been going through over the past couple years, since the start of the pandemic.
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there were no flights operating for a long time in europe as countries went in lockdown. that put operators under enormous cost pressure. in the u.k., there was a time when planes were, limited service was only able to operate. at the same time the government safety measures, paying for low payments to different companies to keep their staff on, had come to an end. a number of companies decided they would lay off staff. now they are recruiting them back because the industry is recovering. they can't recruit people back quickly enough. it is not just a question in this or other countries of going out and getting people and giving them a job and starting to pay them. if you work in the industry, you need security clearances. those take time. the industry is trying to wrap up services. huge amounts of demand. people want to travel and go on holiday. within the airports, the ground handling services, baggage
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handling, check in staff, people to refuel planes, they are not there, or at least, not in sufficient numbers. that means we are starting to see extensive delays in airports. people having to queue up and flights having to be canceled. at gatwick today, there is an attempt to preempt that from happening. july and august in europe are the peak months. that is why we are cutting services now. the gamble companies like gatwick airport are making is that you can take a bit of pain now and it saves potential chaos occurring later in the year. that is what theyre trying to do. minimize disruption. by taking a hit now but preventing lots of short-term cancellations when people are trying to go on holiday. >> the british home secretary has signed an order to extradite the wikileaks founder to the u.s. the australian is being held on espionage charges.
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he now has two weeks to appeal the decision. his wife vowed to fight this to the end. >> we are not at the end of the road here. we are going to fight this. we are going to use every appeal avenue. we are going to fight. i am going to spend every waking hour fighting for julian until he is free. until justice. is served. >> to the u.s. it is 50 years to the day since the break in at the watergate complex in washington dc that kicked off one of the biggest political scandals in u.s. political history. the plot was linked to president nixon's white house and exposed a broader culture of corruption, abuse of power and dirty tricks that brought down his administration. jill was on the special prosecutor team. to mark the anniversary, she has
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been speaking to the bbc about the watergate scandal and how it relates to the january 6 hearings of today. >> this is the place where on june 17, 1972, five men broke into the democratic national committee headquarters and were caught. they were caught for a variety of reasons, all of them rely stupid. they were caught red-handed. they had on them evidence that linked them to white house. the white house denied any involvement and said it was a third-rate burglary. >> i had no prior knowledge of the watergate break-in. >> the pre cap after it. our office was established, the special prosecutor. we started using t grand jury to get evidence. the watergate hearings took place over 51 days and riveted the nation. >> this was the biggest day of the watergate hearings yet. >> literally, almost all of
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america, 85% of american households watched the heangs. they watched ateast 30 hours of hearings. >> the committee will come to order. raise your right hand. >> john dean was the narrator of the full story. >> i began by tellinthe president there was a cancer growing on the presidency and if the cancer was not removed, the president would be killed by it. >> his memory was terrific, he was an insider who said i am guilty. i did these bad things. i know because i was at ese meetings. he documented everything. he proved to be an amazing witness. >> no comment now. >> we were very unified after watergate. democrats and republica wanted richard nixon to resign. they saw the corruption. >> january 6 was the culmination of an attempted coup. >> one of the similarities between these scandals is as one
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of president trump's employees said, the fish stinks from the head. >> i could stand at the middle of 5th avenue and shoot somebody and i would not lose any votes. >> both of them believed the president was above the law. >> i welcome this examination because people have to know whether or not there president is a crook. i am not a crook. >> the january 6 committee is facing a lot of challenges. they must prove all the elements. january 6 was terrible. it is not enough. ♪ it is hard to apply the lessons of watergate to the current event. clearly we learned facts matter. we learned holdi people accountable matters. in the watergate case, justice prevailed. that is something i would hope we could see again. >> the links with watergate and today. back with the headlines in a
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moment and with a full round up in 30 minutes. stay with us. this is bbc world news. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors vice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from

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