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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 17, 2022 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors vice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from
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viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ anchor: this is bbc world news america. in ukraine, we had to the front li of the conflict to meet the western doctors helping the woded and training there ukrainian counterparts. officials authorize the first coronavirus vaccine shots for infants in preschool. southern france will hear from boaters as they go to the polls this weekend. will they let president macron retain control of parliament? 50 years on from a burglary at the watergate complex in washington, we willhow you how that scandal in 1972 still echoes through american politics today. ♪
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and, what happens in las vegas ends up on the coast of england? we had to the seaside town that is taking a gamble on how to attract visitors. ♪ welcome to bbc world news america on pbs and around the globe. we begin with the war in ukraine, which continues to take a heavy toll on ukrainian and russian forces. heavy fighting continues in the east, where hundreds of ukrainian soldiers and civilians are being killed or injured every day, mainly by russian shelling. earlier today, britain's prime minister boris johnson paid a second surprise visit to president zelenskyy, offering to help launch a major training operation for ukraine soldiers. the country's medical services are also under ormous pressure. one british surgeon who has huge
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experience treating war injuries has traveled to the front line to offer training, as we report. reporter: at a hospital in eastern ukraine, well within range of russian rockets, a british surgeon carries out a complicated skin graft. he is saving the lake of a woman who suffered catastrophic injuries -- leg of a woman who suffered catastrophic injuries and russian shelling. it is beyond many less experienced doctors. >> patients are in a position with their chest open, so this is the wrong treatment -- reporter: he has been passing on his knowledge and experience in ukraine. >> when you cut it, the -- reporter: his foundation runs courses in war zones, syria, yemen, south sudan, and now ukraine. >> i know what it is like to be under fire. i know what it is like to be in
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an operating theater which is being shelled. we are trying to do our best to save the life of the patient. here, we can train, we have trained 70 surgeons in six days exactly what to do. reporter: some here are frontline doctors. >> where was this? >> [indiscernible] >> ok. reporter: momentarily back from the fighting where ukraine is losing too many soldiers. others are civilian medics, learning new skills because our hospitals are full of people with new kinds of injuries. >> it is a horrible situation whenou see the young guys with the mangled extremities, shrapnel wounds, amputation. it is just a disaster. reporter: the big draw might be the surgeon, but the start is a lifelike medical dummy with 50 separate surgical procedures, replicating complicated war
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wounds, costing tens of thousands of pounds, it is a unique part of the system that allows him and his team to teach lifesaving skills. traveling across ukraine is tiring work for these veteran were surgeons. there lasted destination is the frontline city of -- battered by russian shelling with thousands of casualties being treated by overstretched local doctors. >> i wanted to the teaching to them and that they understand why you should do these operations, how, and if you do it properly, you will get a good result. reporter: most rewarding for him, medics putting complex techniques learned on his course into practice. in this case, david hands over control of a life-saving operation to the ukrainian surgeon. it might be more front of class than frontline these days for him, but it is the quickest way of passing on his skills to
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surgeons here who need them most. anchor: meanwhile, president putin has described t sanctions imposed on russia because other attack on ukraine is stupid and insane. speaking in st. peterurg, he said they had failed to work and said they were impacting the west instead. he said he had nothing against ukraine being officially designated as a candidate for eventual memrship of the eu, because the union wasn't a military block. france will decide this weekend whether to hand president macron control of parliament in the final round of voting for the national assembly. he has the presidency, but will he have the power? the runoff is a battle between president macron's allies and candidates from a new left wing alliance. our paris correspondent has been talking with voters and candidates in the southern city of toulouse.
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reporter: france's far left leader is turning up the heat on president macron. his rally interviews this week, packed, even in 38° heat. he was knocked out of france's presidential election this year, but harnessed his supporterto a new alliance of green and left-wing partie it is threatening president macron's allies in sunday's parliament reraise. >> for most of my life, i have been voting for the lesser of two evils. and now, finally, for the first time in my life, on the left, and it is exciting. >> [indiscernible] reporter: the alliance finished closely with the party of president macron in the first round of voting, president broke his silence ahead of the vote on sunday to warn against disorder in france. the alliance candidate interludes says there is -- in
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toulouse says there is a difference between democracy and disorder. >> everyone needs to be reassured that we are the united left, so we will not bring in soviet tanks. on the other hand, yes, we want real change with strong measures on purchasing power and other measures. reporter: candidates are not expected to win control of the assembly, but could become the largest opposition group and block the president's own party from a majority. the race in toulouse shows how far the new alliance has come. at this .5 years ago in the election, it was emmanuel macron 's allies leading, now it is is. she is running against another candidate in toulouse. >> he can speak for hours without any paper. what is surprising is how people are buying it.
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they believe they will stay together, but the first day they are elected, they will go away. reporter: socialists, greens, communists disagree on several key issues with each other and the far left party. their success in this alliance shows how unsettled french politics still is. indeed two months and since the presidential election, the pendulum of opposition has swung from the far right to the far left. anchor: we will be watching the outcome of that. meanwhile, some of the youngest americans in the u.s. are closer to being productiv from the coronavirus after u.s. food an drug administration authorized the use of two types of covid-19 vaccines for children five and younger. only five to 11 have been eligible so far. it paves the way f the cdc to approve the decision this weekend, meaning vaccines could
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be going into younger children as early as next week. in anticipation, the white house has put aside 10 million doses of the vaccines for states to order, despite the government al approval, vexing hesitancy among parents of young children remains high. with me now is the professor of public health at george washington university. thank you for joining us. i'm going to start with the idea of faxing competence, because when you talk about children who it seems have been less susceptible to the covid outbreak, what is the case for having the youngest in the population be vaccinated? >> children absolutely can and do the coronavirus. although they are much less likely to become severely ill compared to older adults, more than 400 children under the age of five in the u.s. have died since the beginning of the
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pandemic, and thousands spitalized. i am the mother of a two-year-old and four-year-old, and speak for many parents when i say that we have held back because of concern for our children, so now having the vaccine become available so our youngest children can become vaccinated makes a big difference for us and for many families in terms of our reserving pre-pandemic activities. anchor: some parents will rush out to get the vaccine, but others will say i don't feel comfortable. i may have had the vaccine, but i am unsure about the long-term safety of this given that it is a new vaccine how safe is it? -- new vcine. how safe is it? >> i am one of those pents that will be first in line. i know many that are eager to get kids vaccinated.
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that should say something that we in the medical profession are confident about this. i am confident about the regulatory process the vaccines went through, that the fda and cdc have done a thorough vetting when it comes to safety and the effectiveness of the vaccine, and i know that there are always questions that parents have, and i would encourage parents to talk to their pediatricians. we want the best for our children. i think it is fine for some parents who are eager to get kids vaccinated first. that should help to boost confidence for other parents. anchor: there are two doses, pfizer three doses. does it matter? is there one vaccine you would recommend over another? >> right now the cdc is weighing both vaccines, the fda has authorized both of them. the cdc will end up recommending both of them, bause some parents would choose one or the
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other for various reasons. moderna is a two-does vaccines, so parents might choose that. pfizer, the vaccine has been available for five to 11-year-olds for months. millions of children in that age group have got it, and some parents might want to go with that one. i think it is really great that parents will probably have a choice, and i think a lot of parents out there are going to be happy to give their kids whatever vaccine they first have access to first. anchor: many anxious parents will be relieved there's is another option on the table. thank you so much. have a good weekend. in brazil, police have confirmed the remains of one of the two bodies found in the remote amazon rain point is that of the med missing british journalist. one suspect has confessed to murdering him and another man. the u.s. state department has called accountability over the
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murders. now, today marks 60 years since the break in at the watergate complex in washington, d.c. that kicked off one of the biggest political scandals in u.s. history. the plot was linked to president richard nixon's white house and exposed a broader culture of corruption, abuse of power, and dirty tricks that brought him his administration. this person was on the special prosecutor team investigating the cover of allowing the break-in. she has been speaking to the bbc about the watergate scandal and how it relates to the january 6 hearings of today. ♪ >> this is the pla where on june 17, 1972, five men broke into the democratic national committee headquarters and were caught. they were caught for a variety of reasons all of them really stupid, but they were caught
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red-handed, and they had on them evidence that linked them to the white house. the white house denied any involvement and said it was a word, burglary. >> i had no prior knowledge -- and said it was a third rate burglary. >> i had no prior knowledge -- >> our office was established that the watergate special prosecutor, then we started usinghe grand jury to get evidence. the watergate hearings took place over 51 days and riveted the nation. >> this was the biggest pay of the watergate hearings yet. >> literally almost all of america, 80% to 85% of erican households watched the watergate hearings, and watched at least 30 hours of hearings. >> the committee will come to order. >> raise your right hand. >> john dean was the narrator of the full story. >> i began by telling the president that there was a cancer growing on the presidency and if the cancer was not
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removed, the president himself would be killed by it. >>'s memory was terrific. he was an insider -- his memory was terrific, he was an insider who said i was guilty and did these bad things because i know because i was at the meetings and documented everything and proved to be an amazing witness. >> no comment at all right now. >> the media landscape in 1972 around the world was different than today. there was no social media, no cable, no fox, msnbc, all the networks in america have the same facts. and people believed them, people trusted the media. it persuaded them that what was happening and they turned on a very popular president. we were very unified after watergate. democrats and republicans wanted richard nixon to resign. they saw corruption. >> january 6 was the culmination of an attempted coup. >> i think one of the similarities between these scandals is that as one of
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esident trump's employees said, the fish stinks from the head. >> i could stand in the mdle of 5th avenue and shoot somebody, lose any voters, ok. it's incredible. >> i welcome this kind of examination, because people have to know whether or not the president is a crook. i am not a crook. >> i think the january 6 committee is facing a lot of challenges. they must prove all the elements, because january 6 was terrible, but not enough. i am sure that it will end with proposals for legislation to prevent future bad acts, maybe changes to the electoral college back that make it airtight so it can't happen again. ♪ [applause] >> it is hard to apply the lessons of audited to the current events, but clearly we learned that facts matter, and that holding people accountable matters. in the watergate case, justice
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prevailed, and that is somethi i would hope we could see again. anchor: and reflecting on the watergate scandal. 40 years since argentina invaded the falkland islands. it was a war that lasted just over two months and killed nearly 1000 soldiers. or than 600 were argentinian. many in argentina regret the country went to war, but still maintain the islands are there islands, and 40 years on, there is a real sense of loss as our south america correspondent eddie watson reports on the far south of argentina. reporter: this remote patagonian town is often referred to as the end of the world, but argentinians like to say it is also the beginning of everything. it was from here that soldiers left on a cruiser. shortly after, it was torpedoed by the british, killing more than 300 argentinians.
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it is known as argentina's capital. there are references to the island. lost the war, but they are still fighting to win back the islands once more. the younger generation in this region, every anniversary is marking history, but the issue is the current. >> [speaking in foreign language] translator: it is like we are there, but we are not. we know what it is like, but we have never been because we can't. reporter: they are part of the curricula and talk of modern-day colonialism is very much a part of the lives of people. >> this is a story given to schoolchildren and endorsed by the ministry of education that tells the story of a penguin who lived happily on the islands with his friends until one day the monster comes along in a pirate ship with british flags and throws him off the island, then the story goes on trying to explain how he rallies his
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friends, trying to get support to throw the monster off. by the end of the book, the monster is still in his cave. reporter: after the war, islanders were given british citizenship, then in 2013, there was a referendum in which more than 99% voted to remain a british territory. the argentinian government contests the results. >> [speaking in foreign language] translator: english media outlets always ask me in interviews whether i take into conseration that there are people who have been there a long time, the grandchildren of the usurpers. that does not give them a right. repo:rt vset teran loshit 12 friends in 1982. their names are inscribed on these walls. it was a time that marks him to this day. >> [speaking in foreign language] translator: it is in the dna that they are argentinian. it's like a football jersey. reporter: he says the fight to win back the islands has now become political and the government has lost its way. >> [speaking in foreign
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language] translator: argentina needs to talk less about the war and take more concrete action in the international stage on this remaining british colony. it is hard for islanders to want anything to do with argentina. nobody would want to be part of a country that has 50% inflation. reporter: it sits on this channel, named after the ship used by charles darwin. british influence is all around here or was. where once there was thriving trade between the islands and argentina, these waters are much quieter. the islands are cut off. the history of the islands is rich and varied. it questions how you define a nation, people andand, and the debate challenges who has power in the world, and what effect colonialism had and for many still has. anchor: the global perfume
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industry is worth around $50 billn a year, a high-stakes business trying to make sure customers pick the right product. now a famous french brand is using cutting edge technology to give a helping hand, as the bbc explains. >> perfume, ahh, that invisible present that enraptured woman and men. reporter: the question wn it comes to the creation of perfume, is that science? is it art? finding the right combination of sent, bouquet, and fragrance has never been easy, but maybe this will help. here at this tech conference in paris, they are piloting a new bit of kit that scans your bring and hopefully will tell you what perfume to buy. >> it measures the emotions. you have the questionnaire. it measures the emotions when you smell different fragrances. it tells you wt makes you happy, stressed, confident, different criteria's. reporter: it is believed perfume
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state back to the time of the ancient egyptians, thousands of years, women and some men have been spraying themselves with scented water, a sign of elegance and sophistication. but is the brains scanning perfume picker all it is cracked up to be? >> it's not bad, said this woman, not completely perfect, but it is fine. beats the recommendation works r me. >> a good selection said this woman. i'm not convinced by all the fragrances, but the first and last ones match my taste more or less. reporter: so, some work needed, but a reasonable start. the nose? give it time -- who knows? give it time and they maybe smelling the sweet smell of success. anchor: to the east coast of england, where a giant sign has been put up outside a town, based on the famous las vegas
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original, but with one small tweet. -- tweak. ♪ >> welcome. reporter: it has been the but of jokes. >> welcome. reporter: but those who love it, really love it. >> [indiscernible] >> the weather has been lovely. the attractions have been amazing. i've been to blackpool. >> have you been to las vegas? >> no, i wish. ♪ reporter: brace yourself. thanks to the raceway, there is a new attraction in town, hoping to pull in new visitors. >> it is -- [indiscernible] it is the first thinthey see. if we can put a smile on people's faces, we are all happy. reporter: did you see the sign,
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coming in? >> we did. reporter: are you feeling it? >> [indiscernible] reporter: is it? >> they come here to get a picture with the sign. reporter: it is modeled on the real deal 5000 miles away. it costs 36,000 pounds, but the value of what is fast becoming a viral marketing moment, priceless. a taste of las vegas, but like the sign says, it's in lincolnshire. anchor: and, if the seaside does not give you adrenaline you can head to the country of georgia. unless you are scared of heights. there is a new suspension bridge open nearly 800 feet above a canyon. as you can see, the diamond-type structure in the middle of the bridge, well, it helps to draw tourists.
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cafe there you have it. i am michelle fleury. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da--da-da-da-da ♪♪
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♪ >> good evening, judy woodruff is away. at the extreme. public health concerns as millions of americans suffer under a dangerous, record-breaking heat wave. a show of support. the european union takes the first step to letting ukraine join. full membership could take decades. the cost of war. tens of thousands of indian medical students facing an uncertain future after fleeing violence and destruction in ukraine. >> we are going back in september, according to them. >> according to you? >> i do not know. i don't think it is possible. >> all of that and more tonight.

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