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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 15, 2022 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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announcer: and now, "b world news". >> this is bbc ws america. the u.s. sends $1 billion of military aid to ukraine us americans defense secretary calls this a pivotal moment in the war. a top pentagon official says the u.s. will move heaven and earth to make sure ukraine has the weapons it needs to fight russia. also, how a ukrainian grandmother has become the face of russian propaganda. the u.s. central bank raises interest rates in its biggest rise in nearly three decades. what will it mean for the global economy? and in afghanistan, while the taliban focuses on curbing women's rights, we hear from the
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families who are trying to get enough to eat. and the beloved british bulldog could be banned in the u.k. we will explain why. ♪ welcome to world news america on pbs and around the globe. the u.s. is sending another $1 billion of military aid to ukraine. president biden told volodymyr zelenskyy about the new weapons and a phone call this morning. this comes as the u.s. culling on nato allies to send more weapons to ukraine. the defense secretary speaking at a nato meeting in brussels said ukraine is facing a pivotal moment ithe war. our defense correspondent has been given access to the u.s. military base inermany where they are coordinating the supplies of military aid. >> western weaponsave been
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arriving in ukraine and are being used to deadly effect. recently, they have been sending more heavy equipment. artillery guns like this. but ukraine says it is not enough. they are vastly outgunned by russia from this military base in stuttgart, germany, western nations are working hard to keep the weapons flowing. that u.s. commander of this sensitive operation insists ukraine is getting what it needs. >> we are giving the ukrainians what they need. we are coordinating with them, we have a liaison officer here that is a three-star general that sets their priorities, shares it withs, and we are able to adjust rapidly in the donations that are provided
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across the allies. >> you don't think ukraine is going to run out of weapons? >> ware going to make sure they don't run out of weapons and ammunition. >> from this building, they are working to prevent russia from winning this war. the attic of this barracks behind me has become the nerve center for coordinating western weapons supplies to ukraine. we cannot filmnside for security reasons, but inside, there are military personnel from 26 countries trying to ensure ukraine gets the ammunition and the weapons it needs. this has become a lifeline for ukraine. these are the first photos from inside, cleared by the u.s. military. dozens of soldiers from dozens of countries have helped deliver 60 6000 tons of military equipment to ukraine worth nearly $8 billion. they believe it is just the start.
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here, they are preparing for a long war. >> it is not going to be months. >> how long is it going to be? >> i think we will be here for a number of years. >> they arpreparing to send in our american and british rocket launchers. they say once they arrive at secret locations in eastern europe, weapons can get to the front line within 48 hours. ukraine still says it inot enough. but the message from stop guard is it is keeping them -- stuttgard is it is keeping them in the fight. laura: rush's deadline for fighters to surrender and civilians to leave the ukrainian city of sievierodonetsk has passed. there was talk of a humanitarian corridor to get people out but that us -- but that does not seem to have happened. it is a familiar story for people from mariupol who were also told they could be evacuated.
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nick has met one family who is trying to rebuild their lives after fleeing. >> a ukrainian city blasted into submission, now forced to celebrate its occupation. while russia tries to airbrush history, it offers the bleakest of futures to those still stranded in mariupol. this family managed to escape. juli describes conditions she left behind two weeks ago. >> a dead board is lying outside every house. hopelessness, fear, pain, almost every family has lost someone. some of our men found a destroyed swimming pool. that was all we had to drink. >> in the relative safety of kyiv, they are reunited with others from their home city. group therapy for the mariupol
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exiles, it traumatized, displaced community. >> people come to me with panic attacks. the explosions and the murders, they see all of the evil that the russian federation has brought to ukraine. >> families are fragmented. ana and yetvit don't know if they will see the grandparents again. more than 5000 people all from variable have come here -- from variable -- from mariupol have come here. back at the rented flat, yulia tells us about the russian missile strike that killed 10 neighbors and her mother. >> everyone who survived went outside.
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there was selling. this was 3:00 in the morning. we stood there realizing our loved ones were still in the basement and could not be saved. the house was on fire. it was the scariest night of my life. >> nicola now mourns his wife of 52 years. before the invasion, anastacia was trying to build a career with the national railway company. now she is trying to rebuild her family. >> the grandfather always told me when i was desperate, this is life and for now, this is war. we have to stay strong because we are ukrainians. laura: the u.s. central bank has announced interest rates will rise by 0.70 5%, the biggest height sin994.
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the bank says it has taken the action to combat rising inflation which is at a 40 year gh. let us speak to our north american business correspondent. we can see the price of everything is going up from gas to groceries. what is the fed is saying about why it had to take this step? >> the federal reserve as responding to those high prices saying you cannot have an economy that functions effectively when you have inflation is high. it has made at its number one priority to try to control prices. the problem is the cure can sometimes create other problems. that is the fear, it could, by raising borrowing costs, go too far and trigger a recession. laura: what is this going to mean for ordinary americans and for the global economy? >> if you look in the short-term, right now, you've got the worst of all worlds.
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because these policies take time to take effect, you have high prices and now you have high borrowing costs. in the long term, the idea is that you nudge companies into hiring less, you get consumers to spend less, slowing down the economy, bringing down prices. but the risk is if it gets it wrong, instead of a soft landing, as economists talk about, you get a hard landing, a recession, then the fear is that could become a global recession. the other way it has an impact is through the dollar. when rates go up, the u.s. dollar gets stronger and that can be a problem for countries, particularly developing economies, that borrow a lot of money in u.s. dollars. laura: more rate hikes to come? >> this is just one of many to come. ras can be as high as 3.4% by the end of this year. laura: thank you.
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let's head to afghanistan. more than one million children face malnutrition as the country startles -- the country struggles with an economic crisis. there are warnings that more help is needed. the pali and -- as the taliban focus on curbing the rights of women, many families resort to desperate measures. >> we are in one of afghanistan's busiest markets. there's plenty for sale but for most families, money is tighter than ever. this store tells you how much some are struggling. these attacks are full of stale, leftover bread, normally fed to cattle. now more people than ever are eating at themselves. >> the better quality bread is on the top of the bag. when poor people come to buy,
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they pick these better ones. this one cannot be eaten. before, five people used to buy the spread in a day. now it is more than 20. >> what does it feel le seeing so many people having to buy the spread? >> i paid to get rid of this misery for my country. the life of people right now is like a bird which has been locked in a cage with no food or water. >> bread is the staple food here in afghanistan. there is a deep economic crisis. international development funding the country relied on has lgely been cut off and central bank reserves frozen by the west over concerns about the taliban's treatment of women. but it is for families who are now struggling with rising food prices. before, did you used to have to buy bread from here? >> i youth to make five pounds
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per day. now i barely earneone pound. i have been working since this morning and all i can afford to buy is the spread. -- is this bread. >> leftover bread is handed over by bakeries, restaurants, and homes to scrap collectors like 14-year-old mohammed. with half the country going hungry, there's less bread, less of everything. there's not enough work, my job is hard, mohammed says. this person is making his way home after a disappointing day at the market. he is dng his best to keep his three sons in school rather than sending them out to work, but it means surviving on stale bread. you work hard for your family. how does it feel being able to bring this home for them? >> i feel ashamed that i am so
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poor, i cannot afford to provide them good food. there is nothing i can do, eve if i try and borrow money. no one will lend it to me. my sons are really thin because they are not eating well. i cannot afford meat even once a month. >> outside the bakeries, women wait for those of bread to be donated. even when billions are pouring into this country, corruption, the war, and by fear was a struggle. now the war might be over, but for many, the struggle is getting harder. laura: in the u.s., the congressional committee investigating the january 6 attack on the capitol by supporters of former president trump is holding a third public hearing tomorrow. the committee released a short video today showing a man marching towards the capitol on january 6, making threats
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against prominent democrats. >> there's no escape, nancy pelosi, chuck schumer. jerry nadler. we are coming for you. >> lets speak to our north america correspondent. according to the committee, that man who was making the threats the day before on january 5, he was touring the u.s. capitol building. >> he was touring a capital office building that had tunnels to the capitol. he was being led on the store by a republican member of congress, from friendly. -- tru friendly. he was taking photographs of stairwells and security areas in those tunnelto the capitol and hallways, things that, according to the committee, you would not normally see people taking
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photographs of asterisks. he did not go into the capitol. on january 6 -- on that video, he was a threatening things but democrats who were in that office buildg he was touring. >> the committee is trying to make the case that former president trump was at the heart of a multistep approach to overturn the election. what are we expecting to hear from this third public hearing tomorrow as they try and prove their point? >> this hearing is goingo focus on the pressure on mike pence to overturn the election in his role presiding over the certification of the election on january 6. it is going to focus on this law professor, his theory that mike pence had that power to reject the results of certain states and send them back to the states where the republican-controlled legislature's conceivably could have declared donald trump the winner. they are going to have in person witnesses, mike pence' it --
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mike pence's lawyer, and a former judge who has been critical of this theory, seeing it is bunk. we are going to hear about the threat that theory faced towards the united states going forward. laura: one of the witnesses is going to say the stop the steal theory was bunk, and yet are we going to begin to see the real world impacts of president trump's instence that the election was stolen and particularly this idea that there is a problem with voting machines? >> i think we are seeing it in republican candidates running for office, they are campaigning on election fraud and 2020 being stolen and they are winning their republican nominations. when they are winning, they are using that power to influence elections. we have one example in new mexico where a board in a pro-trump, republican county rejected the results of the primary last week saying that
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because dominion voting machines were used, the center of a number of conspiracies saying that they were fraudulently declaring joe biden the winner, that these voting machines cannot be trusted so they have refused to certify the results of the primary and the senior election officialsre up in arms, looking for a court to say, you have to certify this, you have not presented any evidence to the contrary. this is an example of how the machinery of elections could get muddled up going forward because there are people running it who don't trust the system. laura: thank you for joining us. in other news, the eu has announced legal action against the british government over its plans to scrap parts of the post brexit arrangements for northern ireland. a bill announced in the u.k. parliament would alter the 2019 deal between the eu and britain which the u.k. now says has disrupted trade.
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state tv in saudi arabia has shown authorits seizing rainbow colored toys and children's clothing which they claim encourages people to be gay. officials were seen removing t-shirts, pencil cases, and hats. they claim the rainbow colors contradict public morals. the wife of the french president is suing two people who she accuses of spreading rumors that she is a transgender woman. the fake news story trended on social media last year. she says she is a victim of cyber harassment. as rush's war with ukraine grinds on, the phase of russian pro-war propaganda is an elderly ukrainian woman. in russia, shes known as bubushka zed. murals and statues of her holding his soviet flag have appeared all over russia. how did this happen? our reporter traveled to a small village in the northeast of ukraine to find the woman.
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>> the grandmother with a soviet flag, in russia she is known as bubuskha zed. it started with this video back in april. she walks towards two ukrainian soldiers. they offer her some food. then they take the flag off her. and stamp on it. so the woman, feeling insulted, gives back the food. my parents died for that flag, she says. for the kremlin, this was propaganda gold dust, a rare example of a ukrainian who regrets the collapse of the soviet union and looks at russians as liberators. within days, she started to appear everywhere in russia. murals, drawings, clothes, toys,
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bumper stickers. poems and songs dedicated to her. russian officials even unveiled a statue of her in mariupol. in a small village near kharkiv, we tracked down her. her name is anna. >> this is the flag of peace and love, not bloodshed. >> we show her photos of her fame a she is gobsmacked. >> i don't think they should glorify me, i'm just a peasant woman. n't understand why i have become a celebrity. >> so why did she greet ukrainian soldiers with a soviet flag? she says she confused them with russian soldiers. >> i was happy that russians would come and not fight with us. i was happy we would unite again. ssia, ukraine, and belarus. >> do you support what russia is doing in ukraine? >> no.
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how can i support my people dying? my grandchildren and great-grandchildren were forced to escape to poland. this is fear and horror. >> here, just outside, you can see shells fired by the russians. even though in moscow, she has become a star and a symbol of supposed russian liberation, her village has not been spared by vladimir putin's forces. she is being attacked online, her neighbors shun her. do you regret beming a symbol in russia? >> of course, i'm not happy about it. i would rather not be famous because now in ukraine, they consider me a traitor. >> as we say goodbye to her, she tries to give us her beloved flag. i don't want any trouble, she says.
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i don't want people to ever use this against me. laura: fascinating story. the bulldog is one of the most beloved breeds of dog in america. there is a warning about the british bulldog. new research suggests some of its extreme facial features could result in a lifetime of suffering. london's veterinary college says action is needed to reshape the breed or it could be banned. >> the bulldog has been transformed over the years from a muscular fighting dog seen as a symbol of britishourage and endurance to a popular pet that has become a star on social media. but vets are warning the dogs are now too cute for its own good. >> when people look at english bulldogs, none of the extreme characteristics, cross as cute.
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these dogsre struggling to breathe, with deep skinfold infractions and eye problems, and suddenly you may perceive that what we thought was cute before from a human perspective is not cute from the dog's perspective. >> vets want peoe to think carefully about their welfare issues of the breed before buying one and to avoid liking pictures of bulldogs on social media. and responsible breeders say they are doing all they can to improve the dog's health. >> they are having their eyes tested, their breathing tested, their hearts tested, they are being checked by bulldog vets that they are healthy and fit. if they don't pass those tests, they should not be bred from. we are trying our best and you see people with deformed puppies and everyone saying, that is wonderful, we all want beautiful
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puppies, and we are sitting there going, it is a disaster. we have to breed for good health. you have to keep improving. >> with several countries considering banning the breeding of bulldogs on welfare grounds, let's say if nothing is done, there could be cost to ban the breed here. laura: i can report that labradoodle's could be a good alternative. sad news to bring you from the tech world, internet explorer is no more. microsoft has decided to phase out the browser which once controlled 95% of the market. as of wednesday, it is no longer compatible with the company's products. because of competition from the likes of google chrome and apple safari. explore their leaves behind its offspring, microsoft edge. the end of an era after 27 years and it means on this compute i can no longer use that brows.
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not very up-to-date with tact. thank you for watching. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler fodation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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judy: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight, fighting inflation -- the federal reserve implements the highest single interest rate hike in nearly 30 years to combat rising prices. then, vote 2022 -- candidates backed by former president trump have mixed success after primaries in several key states, but his philosophy shows enduring popularity. and, after the storm -- thousands of louisiana residents are still without adequate housing, nine months after hurricane ida, with low-income and under-served communities hit the hardest. >> the last three years i've evacuated seven times for storms and then ida was the worst, obviously. i'm not sure i could take another one down here, to be


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