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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  July 17, 2020 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutionsglor america's ted needs. and by contribations to this pbs n from viewers like you. thank you. anchor: n this is bbc wors america. reporting from new york city, i'm laura trevelyan. orthe u.s.avirus outbreak sets a new record with more70 tn 00 new cases in the last day alone. >> the united states of america has been hit very severely by this. you just need to look at the numbers. laura:uerto rico, covid-19 is the latest disaster after hurricanes and earthquakes. we speak to the islands top heal official. and the coronavirus saliva test
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.goes on trial in the u.k could this be the way to track and control ♪e pandemic? laura:l to you watching on pbs and around the globe, welcome to world news america. u.s. coronavirus outbreak has shattered another record, 70,000 infections in a single day. the biggest daily figure in america since the crisis began. there is still no national strategy on how to slow the spread of the virus. over wearing masks in public and whether schools should reopen. our north america editor. reporter: when donald trump d in atlanta earlier th week and descended the steps of air force one, he was arguably breaking the law. the democratic mayor of geora's biggest city made it mandatory to wear a mask to halo
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the spread of ronavirus and he wasn't. now the p-trump state governor himself seemingly unsure whethef it should ber on is suing the atlanta city mayor over forcing people to wear a face covering. m or bottoms' maskandate cannot be enforced. decision to shutter businesses and undermine economic growth is devastating. i rese to sit back as disastrous policies threaten tho lives and lives of our citizens. reporter: georgia, like nearly all states in america, has seen a big surge in new cases. the mayor says she is following e science and is incredulous by the action taken by the governor. >> when yo are are reckless as the governor has been, when you disregargoscience as the rnor has done, certainly people are suffering and people are dying in our state. reporter: into this debate, the administration's top infectious
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diseases expert. >> i wouldth urg leaders, the local political and other leaders in states and cities and towns, to be as forceful as possible itigetting your ns rate to wear masks. ♪ reporter: but, donald trump at a white house event last night did not discuss the coronavirus. in fact, he seemed to want to talk about anything other than that topic. >> dishwashers, you didn't have any water. the people that do the dishes, you press it and it goes again. reporter: there were all matters of oer topics too. unable to get out the rallies, the white house is being used increasingly as a backdrop foram his reelectionign. in the debate over masks,s onald trump en filmed wearing one, but what he hasn't done is gone the extrap s and tell americans they have to wear a facial covering if they can't mainta social distance. a lot of health experts believe that until he does, then america's coronavirus nightmare just goes on.
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bbc news, washington. laura: for more on what the s. can be doing to control the exploding number of coronavirus cases, dr. lena weighing joins us now. anwh emergency officiawas baltimore's health commissioner. thank you for joining us. the u.s. shatters yet another record withor than 70,000 new coronavirus infections. what is youreaction? >> this is deeply concerning. we are seeing twice the number of e infections nry day then we did at the worst back in apri there is no peak insight because back in april when there was one epicenter, we are seeing 39 states tha have seen an uptick in the number of infections. it is not just the number of infections. it is now translating two hospitalizations and two deaths with 10 states shattering records for the number of deaths due to covid-19 this week. i really worry because we are
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talking about sound policies like how do we get schools back in the fall? but unless wesuan control the e now, there's not going to to resume ouor us normal activities anytime soon. laura: so, what should we be doing? would it make a difference of every single state in america, instead of just half of them currently, mandated that we wear masks? >> it would make a difference. kw that everyone merry masks will reduce the rate of transmission by up to five times. that does make a difference. federal law, not just piecemeal, but federal law for universalion mask wearingtt this point that is not enough. in some of the states undergoing the most rapid surge, they need some form of shelter-in-place lockdown again and know that is extremely difficult and for so many it wil feel like we
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wereack at where we were from march but that is the truth. that is where we are. at this point, we need those aggressive measures in order for us toea prevent the s that at this point is explosive and expert in. -- exponential laura: the measures you are talking aboyo, what dfear we could see here later this summer in the u.s.? >> we are seeing piecemeal approaches. we are seeing governors and amayoempt to do one thing at a time. they are shutting down, for example, indoor bars or they are closing big sporting events or nightclubs. they a doing so -- i understand they don't want to shut down everhing once again but we have no evidence that shutting things down one by one is going to be effective what we saw last time during the initial shutdown was that the early aggressive measures, the total lockdown measures wine incrementaaving lives. i feel like we are going to look back at this time is loto opportunit implement those
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bold measures that could havee really mdifference. laura: of course, here in n rk, we saw a complete shutdown. since june 1, the number of deaths here has dropped by 64%. can you wall yourself off from the rest of america? >> no, you cannot. know that new yorkers have suffered so much and have given up so much. and should be rightly celebrated for the work they ve done thus far. but, there should be a cautionary tale coming froall over the country, including california which initially did very well. to know that this is a virus that knows no boundaries, this is a virus that is extremely contagious. when reopening sakura, when the virus is given opportunity to spread, it will. every state should be on guard right now. people should be doing everything they can to continue practicing social distancing, mass wearingnd ramp testing,
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contact tracing and other core capabilities. laura: thank you so much for joining us tonight. as the virus spreads in america, wewhant to look a is happening in the territory of puerto rico. devastated by hurricria and 2017. since then, the island s gone through economic upheaval and now the pandemic. we are joined by the secretary of health in puerto rico.an you for joining us, secretary. your governor was one of the first in the nation to issue a stayt-home order. why do you think you are now seeing an increase in >> we went through a difrent stage of reopening the economy and it was pretty successful. ngone of the twe have seen is the younger population, which increased dramatically in the positive number, perceive themselves as getting infected.
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laura: tt sounds much like here where people started going to bars but your heaash care systemut under so much pressure during hurricane maria. how is idoing now with coronavirus? sorry, we have lost secretary esgonzrom puerto rico. thank you for your patience. during the pandemic, testing for coronavirus has been a hot topic. are nasal swabs or saliva tests more effective? nearly 10,000 ople in southampton, england are having their saliva tested once a week to monitor the spreahe virus. our medical correspondent has more for us on this story. >> take the lid off. >> never has testing for coronavirus been so simple. >> lean your head forwards to get some saliva on the front of your mouth and then spit. >> jane, a nurse, and her three teenage children part of
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a trial in southampton involving weekly testing o'aliva. it's an alternative to nose and throat swab tests which many find unpleasant. >> the swab test is quite invasive especially if youwere t feelin. it could really trigger a cough having something in the bat. of your thr it is mu easier to do. >> most people with coronavirus have no symptoms on the day they are tested. so regular survival -- saliva sampling could be a way of detecting ses earlier. after months of homeschooling and lockdown, it might allow a return to normal life. >> helped get over with and get e pandemic done with and it could changeives. >> if the four-week trial is successful, the ole of southampton, more than a quarter of a million people could be offered weekly so lively -- saliva tested in a bid to prevent infections from
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spreing. >> it seems like people have become positive in their saliva before they become positive in the rest of theirreathing, respiratory tract. seeking to pick up this early adsp this may be the way forward. >> if the trial in southhampton goes well, saliva testing could play in increasingly important mile in controlling the coronavirus epi weekly testing could be done in school care homes or in hotspot areas to try to prevent outbreaks from getting out of control. another advantage of saliva sampling is speed. it takes just 20 minutes for this laboratory to get a result compared to ours for a swab test. the key remaining question is whether the saliva test is accurate enough to be rolled out widely.even potentially nationwa way of trying to end the epidemic altogether.
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>> this saliva test has got potential to be done at a very large-scale multiple locations and at speed. the sort of settings that it could be done in could almost be like-t a driough. you take the sample, you run the test and you have a result. this could revolutionize the way you actually carry out and do surveillance. >> could then this be the way forward for us all to have regular testing like jane and family, and perhaps a means of allowing us tobandon social distancing? bb news. laura:aet's hope those sal tests work. we are joined by the secretary of health for puerto rico. we lost him earlr. thank you for rejoining us. you were telling us it is young people behind the spike of cases on puerto rico. how are your hospitals coping with this surge? >> we have an increase in
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hospital beds. the total amount of people admitted to the hospital was around% of total admissions be the hospital's rate is in the range of 50% to 5 of the total amount of beds available. we have seen an increase of about 150 patients to close to 300 within the last week. likewise, we havencreased in the use of i see you and ventilators but still below 20 or 40 cases. we have about 13 ces in intensive and about no more than 20 cases using ventilators. i think one of the things that has happened is we he antiviral and we also had bod banks with antibies and the use of steroids here probably three or four months ago when g people were say is not needed. we have seen an increasing number in hospitals but it
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doesn't account for the total number of hospitalizations related to what's happened in puerto rico. laura: you are a psychiatrist by training. the island?mpact on people on going through the pandemic on top of everything else you have endured. the hurricane, earthquakes, political unrest. >> as you can see, one of the things tha have four months of people in quarantine, no ability to go out, suddenly you open the doors and there's a need for this unrest to reach out socialize and go out and do things. basically, i d believe the mobility related to the fact people were fouronths at home had a lot to deal with stress, sadness as well as many other emotions that we have around this time. poverty, as i typically say, is the worst case scenario for the country.
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when we have people under the circumstances with the knowability of income, you can see people need thele o probably increase the chances for people to be clo to each other and get infected and that is the reason we have seen an increase in positives. we had about 1% of positives of the total spling and now it is in the range of 5.5%. laura:o pueco has a very vexed relationship with the feral government in washington. are you getting all of the aid promised?u have been oh, i'm sorry. we have lost secretary gonza le twho is telling us abo situation on the island where they are going through so much. in other news from around the world, this agreement court justice ruth bader ginsburg says she is being treated for a recurrence of cancer, this time on her liver.
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arthe 87-ld has had cancer four times and other health concerns. she is undergoing chemotherapy but says she can still do her work on the supreme court. if she were to leave her position, it would give president trump a chance to name a third member of the supreme court. effectively banned displays of the confederate battle flag on u.s. bases around the world. in a memo, mark esper said flags flown by theit my must accord with the imperatives of treating what he called all of our people with dignity and respect, and rejecting divisive symbols. president trump siding with those who want the symbols of the confederacy to remain in place. large areas of central and southernhina are experiencing their worst flooding in decades. at least 15 million peoplecuave been evaed. the city of wuhan, the epicenter of the first major outbreak of the conavirus, has been affected. china sees flooding every year but this is far worse than usual. the chinese government has
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canceled hundreds of flights into and out of the capital llowing the discovery of six coronavirus cases in the city. authorities are imposing widespre restrictions on ople's movements. around half of the population is made up of ethnic uighurs who complain of oppression by the ruling communist party. byou are watching world news america. still to come on tonit's program, thousands of miles from amoscow, protesinst president putin after a governor is charged with murder. the leader of the 27 eu countries met face-to-face that in brussels for the first time since the pandemic again. gavin lee s s more is what stake in this summit. gavin:an there are complications in this summit. thef sizee recovery fund at the back of it.
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the coronavirus pandemic. the budget, the next seven years of funding. all of the european countries means leaders have to put more money into the coffers, more fr their pockets but getting into that building behind me. it is the first time leaders have set around the table together. they came in 50 shades of different masks and colors and zes. when they did sit down together, it is the first time they've had people in a room. usually these rooms have about 500 people in them, angela merkel choosing to be here on her birthday. the importance of trying to sort out this collective fund to get the economy back going again. ♪ laura: large protest are w expected thikend in the far east of russia in support of the local governor who was arrested on murde charges and fled to
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moscow. the city has seen a week of unprecedented presentations against president putin. steve rosenberg traveled 4000 miles east of moscow to find out what's going on. steve: it is the largest dilay of discontent h theyave seen in modern times. the protests have continued all week. russians taking to the streets to show solidarity with the governor they hadislected. is hhat happened to. he w arrested by police and flown in from moscow. been charged withvement in has multiple murders dating back 15 years. he's behind bars now in the capital. rin tsian far east, many believe this is about the kremlin trying to sink a potential rival. itans fueling suspicion of
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moscow. the governor -- the city is closer to china then it is to e russian capital. moscow is more than 6000 kilometers away. it is not just the distance which is big but so is the sense of resentment here towards the kremlin. they are not calling for a revolution. all the protesters want is for the governor to be given a fair trial in the city. >> we are just trying to show moscowhe tha is our man and he has to b here. even if he didn't which we don't think. he has to beere. steve:y' the ci's mayor told us the protest should stop. >> i am against the protest because they are illegal. also, today we had 80 five new cases of coravirus in the city and where do you find coronavirus? in large crowds.
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steve: but feelings are running high. the supporters havein vowed to co the demonstrations. unsanctioned protests like this one are normally viewed by those in power here as a legaln and have boken updated what's interesting is so far, local police have been keeping their distance. a perhaps that the authorities understand the strength of feeling and don't want to spark more anger. steve rosenberg, bbc news. laura: regional tensions i we have been covering the story of tom moore, the 100ear-old world war ii veteran who raised millions for national health today, tom moore was knighted by the queen at windsor castle. he said it was an outstanding day. ourar correspondent s campbell has more.
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sarah: for such an inspiring individual, it seemed appropriate th he should be giving a uniquely special investiture. this was the first facto-face engagement with a member of the public the queen had taken part in since lockdown began. beneath brilliant blue skies and adhering to socially distant guidelines, she used the swor which belonged to her father george vi to knight captain sir thomas more. to me, theue -- to meet the queen was more than anything i could expect. never did i imagine that i would be so close to the queen and have such a kind message from her. that was really outstanding. w truly outstanding. sarah: can you ask blaine the message? what did sheay? >> no. sarah: that is between you and her majesty? >> that is between the queen and
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i. ameally honored this should happen and i am thrilled thpp it did . i think everyone who subscribed to the funds. i really appciate and thank you all very much. sara it all started with a family challenge to walk 100 lengths of the garden to mark his upcoming 100th birthda his journey cap to the world. the original target was to raise 1000 pounds for nhs charities. million.l amount topped 32 of course, his family, including his daughternd grandchildren re here to support him and joined him as her majesty expressed her thanks further fundraising efforts. >> her majesty was truly interested to see us as a family. to know that she is interested in what we have achieved together, it is memorable and we will never forget it.
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>> i cannot beliely we are actuere. amen we visit now, speechless sarah: this was a ceremony involving two peop. one aged 94, the other 100 years old. botho an be saidve helped keep people's spirits up during the darkest of days. sarah campbell, bbc news, windsor castle. laura: our congrats to sir tom. i wonder what the m.een said to finally before we go tonight, the civil rights leader reverend kendall vivian died today at the age of 95. was a close friend to martin luther king jr. and marched alongside him in selma and birmingham. he organized a sit insnd boycotts across the southern u.s. during the civil rights movement of the 1960's. in 2013,e was awarded the presidential mal of freedom, the country's highest civilian honor, by president obama.
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tonight, we remember this important figure in the struggle for black uality here in the united states. i'm laura trevelyan. thank you so much for watching "bbc world news america have a nice weekend and take care. ♪
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captioning sponsored by ,newshour productioc >> nawaz: good evening. tom amna nawaz. on the newshour ght, covid highs in the u.s. deaths new also spike. judy woodruff speaks with dr. anthony fauci about the troubling coronavirus surge. then, policing protesters-- federal agents in unmarked cars detain donstrators as part of the trump administration's response to protests in portland, oregon. plus, inside the surge-- we tport from arizona, where hospitalizations tns to overwhelm the state's health care system. >> it's really hard to watch people be out and about and exhibiting dangerous behaviors, knowing that there's a good

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