tv Corona Special Deutsche Welle December 31, 2020 8:15am-8:31am CET
a century of ties. washing up next as an in-depth look at over 19 pandemic and the latest efforts to test the states you can visit our website that. you can also follow us on social media where. the team will be back at the top of the hour. about. the fight against the corona virus pandemic. has the rate of infection been developing what does the latest research say. information and context the coronavirus update. on d w. refrigerants just shows that shows.
her the way to go. using a u.v. lamp to kill the corona virus that's just one light bulb moment in a multitude of responses to covert 19 cloned was repurposed and hand sanitizer at the beginning of the pandemic the speed of innovation coronavirus could be a game changer experts say it could revolutionize global health care allowing us to come up with solutions that could change health care delivery. they
say necessity is the mother of invention the coronavirus pandemic has thrown that into stark relief from innovations enabling us to live with the realities of the virus to devices that make it say texan possible here's the story of 2 entrepreneurs who say a diagnosis is just a breath away. rather than christoph and thomas wolfe have a vision they want to return some normality to this called in 1000 times for months have been working on a breath test that can identify the novel coronavirus they're now confident it works. to human organs from a technical point of view this device can get to areas where normally only a dog can sniff things out. a device that's almost as sensitive as a dog's noles the technique is similar to a breathalyzer for alcohol. this is a stimulus when what we have here is a sterile mouthpiece. and you take off the packaging and then what happens if you
blow into the mouthpiece and you just breathe. in there start up the brothers develop highly sensitive sensor technology from aspect troll meters pull industry and labs for a new type of diagnosis in real time with an automatic and we can see all sorts of things using breath analysis like whether a patient had coffee yesterday afternoon or not we can identify his nutritional status we can see different amino acids different fatty acids all of this from the breath breath as a direct window into the human body and the brothers believe it could recognize carbon 19 other researchers also say breath analysis could work in principle to test for the corona virus. the challenge is to is to get the. methods that you run on the equipment the way the equipment is used to chew on and the analytical technique of mice with verified biomarkers
are reliable. once we've proven that then you have a corrupted 19 breath test ready to go conventional swab tests are reliable but often only carried out when the infection has been there for a while and a result usually takes 2 days the breath test detects metabolic changes in breathing caused by the virus while it is not yet 100 percent reliable it does give an immediate result. the researchers believe that they will be able to deploy the tests as early as next summer in places like football stadiums. passengers could also be tested at airports before check in the accuracy of the test is currently around 80 percent however the researchers are expecting efficiency to increase significantly in the meantime a lot of detailed work remains to be done. people are complicated and you're looking for a small signal in a snowstorm a blizzard of information. but we've we've found we've found the signals we think
are helpful young christoph and thomas both originally developed their test for very different types of bad gnosis one problem with a cover 1000 tests is that they have not yet been able to carry out studies on patients with the virus they are hoping for to go into the next sisters of processors access to resources to allow us to carry out a validation study on the site in a hospital or an airport test center and with that it becomes very easy to determine whether this would be a way to bring back some normality to people's. breath analyzers could be a way to detect cov in 1000 infections much faster than before. matthew harris joins us now he's a clinical senior lecturer and public health at the imperial college london matthew so glad you can join us now you've written and the scientific journal nature about how the response occulted 19 has been distinguished by so-called frugal innovations
what exactly does that mean well thank you through litigation really is the term that we give to the kind of innovation we see in the resource constrained sort of situations of extraordinary time pressure or situations where we don't have the kind of resources that we normally like to have when we where we develop health care innovations the work froogle often times is referred to as sort of cheap or good enough innovation that actually frugal innovation is health care to patients that's actually as effective as the kind of innovation you would normally see but just in a way that is far more for the ball far more sustainable maybe if you are sort of complexity or functionality but that gets the job and undercoat it of course we've seen around the world some extraordinary difficult situations at national level in terms of exposing the fragilities in our healthcare systems but also the real
increase in healthcare demands and it really has necessitated a new type of innovating in innovating that pace rapidly using resources that we just find around us so kind of improvising if you are 'd. this is the kind of innovation that we call frugal innovation so it's about reacting quickly using what you have but do you have any examples of what a frugal innovation could be. well absolutely in the early days of the covert response we saw insincerity helping countries and really interesting examples of frugal innovations so for example where there was a lack of personal protective equipment we saw clinicians improvise the use of simple acetate sheets kind of such as to say she's used to overhead projectors in the old days and by simply putting some holes in either side of the essay sheeting threading some ribbon on either side those became very effective face vices to
protect not only the clinician but also the patients in front of them when they were interfacing and this was of course extremely cheap and actually very very effective since then baseball is a vote and become more sophisticated but it was a very good example of a frugal innovation at the time another good example of innovating at a pace was the construction of hospitals and on the 10 days in china 'd that actually eventually also in the u.k. where i'm from we saw the construction or repurchasing at least of conference center has ensued into intensive care units and hospitals also in very very short amount of time as a sort of idea of repurchasing the resources you have but also very very quickly the characteristic of frugal innovation now that the crisis has focused minds and mobilize so much in terms of responses as he told us there is also kind of dying down side to this kind of concentration of response to the crisis. well i
think the pope it obviously has recorded a deviation of resources from other health care to focus our attention on covert response and as a result some other areas have have if you like suffered in terms of research going into them and also the health care delivery the different clinical conditions i don't think there's a downside to frugal innovation and i think it's been a really revealing how we've been able to develop such effective health care responses in a short period of time. without spending on safety checks or effectiveness or clinical effectiveness or for the patients that we serve so i don't see a downside to truly innovation which tends to be for fordable the healthcare systems as long as the necessary checks and balances are in place to ensure the safety of those devices or technologies you've written that this kind of innovation
could lead to a leveling in global health care equality what does that look like. what is the level in the sense that it has made us really reflect on the fragilities in the health systems even in the high income countries settings and it's made us pay much more attention to the kind of innovations that arise from the low income countries it's something we've been up the pace in for many years and what code is doing is making us pay more attention to settings that traditionally we haven't really noticed in terms of healthcare innovation thank you matthew harris there talking about putting human resource lowness at the center of our cove in 1000 response is a clinical senior lecturer and public health at imperial college london thank you for your insights. and now it's time for one of your ascent and questions about the corona virus our science correspondent derek williams is ready with an answer. taking into account to patients sex and age what do the statistics say about
complications. one of the clearest pieces of information that's come out of the statistics is that from the age of about 40 on women in general are a lot less likely than men to have severe outcomes data from both the c.d.c. and the european center for disease prevention and control a reveal how stark the difference is this graphic for example emphasizes how much more likely men of a certain age are to end up in the hospital or the i.c.u. numbers of men are represented by the blue bar and a numbers of women by the red one in europe men between 40 and 80 make up around 3 quarters of all intensive care cases and recorded deaths after 80 the split is more even but that's almost certainly due to the simple fact that a lot fewer men live to that age so statistically the chances are
a lot higher that in the over eighty's a woman is going to get code 19 ben a man is going to get it there's a lot of speculation about why and there and there doesn't seem to be a single reason that accounts for all of the discrepancy i'm several factors are likely playing roles we know though that people who have diabetes or high blood pressure or heart disease are at greater risk of severe outcomes if they contract to cope at 19 and aging men are more likely to have those co-morbidities than aging women are but another possible contributing factor involves immune response the male and female in humans. different experts say because on their 2nd x. chromosome women have another copy of many of the genes that are involved in fighting off disease it's been theorized that's also why women are more likely to
develop certain auto immune diseases than men but in this case it could be helping them keep code 19 or it's medical ramifications more effectively a bad that's hard to prove though. and that's all from us thank you very much for watching and stay safe. one continent. 700000000 people. with their own personal stories. we explore every day life. what europeans fear and what they hope for. some peace knowing there are. these next on d.w. . conflicts you don't hear
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