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tv   Washington Journal Greg Myre Discusses the Trump Administrations Approach...  CSPAN  March 14, 2017 9:07am-9:37am EDT

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u.s. bases in h japan. this is not something we can take lightly. global community needs to understand every country is in actions of north korea. >> elliot engle during the markup of the healthcare bill. >> this is one of the most important things we're going to vote on this year, it is rushed through and buying the pig from pope, we don't have all the details, that is why we're disfwruntelled on the other side aisle. we don't like this being brushed people's american throat. >> available at, on the home pain and by searching the video library. >> "washington journal" continues. > greg myre is our guest, national security correspondent for national public radio here o walk us through the trump
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administration approach to fighting isis. we know the pentagon recently presented president trump with updated plan to defeat isis, what do we know about the plan at this point? guest: not a lot right now. sense of getting the is this sort of shift from decision-making in terms of operations from the white house, centrally controlled under the obama administration to to ng the pentagon freedom act in places like syria and afghanistan. but no significant changes that things een so far, some at the margins, talking about a few more troops in syria, for example, the commander in afghanistan is asking for we htly more forces, but haven't seen decisions or this put into action so far. host: what are arguments for the shift for giving the pentagon to act?trol and ability
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guest: right, the pentagon felt frustration under the obama administration, they needed permission to do everything. they might be actively involved in a hunt for somebody and would have to go to the white house to considered if it was high-value target or risky operation. and it seems that shift would be more the pentagon knows the ground rules for taking action, necessarily need permission every time it did something. host: what was reasoning the administration required that permission? guest: they were concerned about civilian casualties, concerned that could undermine the mood for u.s. operation. so there was certainly that concern. pentagon was the making decisions it might edge forward and go further here than the white house wanted. so without taking sides and there objections here, were two conflicting arguments and the pentagon felt pressure, military is the
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more pleased with what it is hearing so far from the trump administration. host: do we know what the trump dministration is doing to prevent mission creep, keep down civilian casualties? seen clearly n't what they want to do or how much will they provide additional they change inll terms of the regulation and restrictions placed? is something under negotiation, but the general principle to bear in mind is the sense those decisions will move more to the military and pentagon rather than requiring prior approval from the white house. presented to n president trump to defeat isis ame after review by the pentagon. joint chief chairman was speaking about the review that is a bit place, here of what he had to say >> this response to executive order is not the beginning or he end of the dialogue we've had with the president, we since
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the president has been in the t, made changes campaign, we make them everyday. e make adaptations, some don't require his authority, some do require his authority. view the development of options now as an opportunity to the government so that we're all, you know, art is setting common baseline of understanding for this problem set and in the process of responding to the skufive order, that is one outcome of doing this. expect any new administration to do that. one thing i would say, this is compare uldn't at all general afghanistan decision on troop levels. this is an opportunity for the at nistration to look enduring challenge to reflect back on what we've been doing over the last couple years, to think about this problem in a to movecontext and then
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forward and do things in way hat accelerates progress against extremism, what is most important thing we're trying to do? itigate threat to american homeland, american people and our allys and partners and same time move forward. i view this as ongoing dialogue, it is my responsibility and i would be fail figure it wasn't. solving problem of isis should be ongoing dialogue to adapt to very ynamic threat in dynamic political military environment. host: talking with greg myre bout it, national security correspondence with national security radio. the plans and effort to defeat isis. phone lines are open. 202-748-8000. republicans, 202-748-8001. independents, 202-748-8002. callers are calling in. ongoing talking about
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dialogue. how able will the trump change ration be to strategy here? how long are they expected to review, how willing do they seem to adapt that if that something that doesn't seem to be working? guest: they inherited something midstream and it has been going relatively well there has been the ess against isis in last year both in iraq and syria islamic state is down to just holding part of stronghold, rban the campaign is advancing. their a, they have capitol, but the u.s. other on closing in they have been losing, getting complicated here, particularly in syria, because you have all these different actors and russians, the syrian government army, hezbollah, turkey and different
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fractions that the u.s. and turkey are supporting, so there complicated players and i think as he talked about dialogue, he may be referring to last week in turkey with his counterpart from russia and turkey to avoid accidents and the count of syria, have you america and russian and syrian and malitias in a tight space. this is very, very sensitive and now.osive right host: for viewers watching the mosul, a lot ofe action there, explain what is happen nothing terms of u.s. has been going on into syria and the focus to racca? guest: right nsyria, focus on
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rocca, north central desert, this is the main city they still hold in syria, the u.s. has had 500 special operators ssisting rebel forces, mostly kurdish syrian kurdish forces there. he u.s. forces are not on the front line in combat, but are very close in advising and cented g and they will more marines to that area, several hundred marines to provide artillery support. we are seeing this big, i would toward raqqa, main islamic state city. tillery support, for various factions of syrian kurdish fighters, but again, there is other forces that will that, the assad regime ands to reclaim the country assad called americans invaders,
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not invited in. turkey is supporting their own groups number of converging on raqqa. the group that mean we're working best with in that theater? guest: yes, the assad regime does not like them, turk senot supportive of this faction, you have this multi-sided conflict oing on, yes, those are the forces u.s. is working closely with in syria right now. through with this greg myre of n.p.r., again, your calls, 202-748-8000 if you are a democrat. 202-748-8001 if you are a republican. independents, 202-748-8002. anthony, democrat from enid, oklahoma, up first. good morning. caller: good morning. thanks for taking my call. host: go ahead, anthony. caller: i just want to say that it's intelligent of president trump to let his decisions, buthe
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had them to be -- he come up with a plan and he's in control. stay guest: i'll pick up on that. it is important to emphasize, this was a plan essentially already in motion for the -- as president obama started bombing in syria and iraq almost three years ago at this point. there will be changes, there ill be tweaks, but this is essentially a plan that began years ago and we're going to hit a very important point. the talk focuses on the military peration, but i think it is such an important question of what happens politically, you plausible scenario ithin a matter of months when islam is defeated in mosul, and doesn't control any territory in iraq and same thing could happen in syria. what is political development out of that? could be like the
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fourth significant u.s. military victory in iraq, the '91 war, 2000 nvasion, surge in sech and 2008, now defeating islamic state there. political t have a solution, it can keep backsliding to chaos we have seen. host: this victory require u.s. whatration with russia and does that look like right now? how well are we cooperating with efforts that we're undertaking there right now? guest: this stage, the pentagon calls deconflikz, not calling it cooperation, they are saying it is not cooperation that the u.s. nd russia just trying to make sure their forces don't inadvertently come into contact, they don't shoot each other, the aircraft they are both using, so know where they are, that is even just on the military level. on the political level, we're not seeing any cooperation, the
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russians totally supportive of assad regime, believe he should be the president of all of syria. host: tom in post falls, idaho, line for independents. good morning. caller: good morning. taking my call, i would like to say all this in is not our war, we have no business sending a andle son over there to die it is a shame that we believe we the police force of the world. host: greg myre on president trump trying to navigate those sentiments back home as the isis. plays out against guest: we have heard conflicting campaign andng the even during the brief presidency trump. of president he has said at times the u.s. will completely defeat isis, on the other hand he said things like the iraq war was a mistake, we should't be there,
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get out. office and wants to make a military push against isis, but hasn't said much about what sort of political settlement he wants, how much he willing to invest in trying to have a post-isis iraq or arrange nment syria or in afghanistan for that matter. the largest u.s. troop presence is still in afghanistan, about 400 troops, almost completely silent about afghanistan. host: what is timeline on how long they will be in afghanistan? guest: well, it is sort of on hold. president obama wanted to bring number, not small remove them entirely, but n lking about 8400 america forces in afghanistan, again mostly in support role of the afghan army is taking the fight against the taliban, they are on the front line, suffering heavy casualty and it has not been going well.
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the commander general nicholson, capitol testified on hill, called the war a stalemate, would like additional troops, no indication if he will get additional troops and not a sense it would be a large number, even if he does. we are 16 years into the war in fghanistan and have top commander calling the stalemate. ost: dryden, michigan, jody, good morning. caller: good morning. my question is this. mr. obama declared both wars over and then he said isis was jv team and then he started sending troops over there in support. we have 8400 id troops in afghanistan, all this fighting in iraq and fighting going on in syria and congress declared war. so shouldn't somebody back up war so these boys can get the pay they need being in a war zone? i'll take my answer off air,
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thank you. guest: you raise a very good point. they are getting hazard pay, but the point about declaring war, i think is very significant, particularly in syria. the afghan war has been going on since 2001 and congress did authorize u.s. of military force. authorization has been used quite liberally since then, to use authorization force against al qaida and its affilia and you could use that argument in afghanistan, for example. when you go and look at syria, for example, the u.s. is bombing state, group that didn't exist in 2001, that is quite a stretch. congress has punted on this issue and refused to take a vote stance on authorizing military force. you raise a very important point, congress has chosen not to intervene and take a stance of u.s. military
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forces in places like syria and other countries. six or seven countries where the u.s. has been bombing with regularity. political is the hurdle here? guest: well, i think certainly very publicans were critical of the way president obama was conducting the operations and they didn't necessarily want to show support also, i or there was would -- seems clear, didn't stance on e a something very risk and he didn't know how it was going to go. it's been -- host: they have a republican president in office. they no stance on authorizing the ary force n. general, republicans seem very supportive of what the president has been hearing it 're not is not because of strong opposition, but congress has the past t punted several years on the issue. host: district heights, independent.ny, an
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good morning. caller: good morning, c-span. news flash, isis don't exist, my man. host: why do you say that? caller: there is no evidence isis exists. how me evidence that isis exists and doing everything you guys claim they are doing. they are not. host: greg myre, do you want to pick that up? guest: i think people in iraq and syria would certainly disagree with that. controlled en and territory, it caught the u.s. and others by surprise back in 2014. that territory has been shrinking dramatically and again ed earlier, envision scenario in the coming month longer they may no control territory in iraq or in still be they could effective at low level insurgency, carrying out car bomb necessary major cities, those type of things. not saying they will disappear, controlling territory and
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claim thanksgiving islamic very much is threatened in iraq and syria. hey have presence in libya and afghanistan, so the notion of completely seems way off and individual attacks like car bomb necessary multiple countries, could still be there. we are hitting on crucial point of they will be able to hold territory. host: what is the expectation isis once ppens to they stop holding territory? guest: i think you would be and syria, their ability to carry out car bomb attack or individual attack. the other concern, many people came from europe, for example, eastern middle countries, those people are able to get out and go back and hether they could carry out attacks in europe or elsewhere, the islamic state is encouraged you don't need authorization for us, simply arry out an attack and say you
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have allegiance to us, lone wolf inspired by tacks isis, but not directed by isis, that is the type of thing we could see. host: 10 minutes left with greg myre. 202-748-8000 if you're a democrat. 202-748-8001 if you're a republican. 202-748-8002 if you're an independent. chris is an independent in michigan. chris, good morning. caller: good morning. thanks for taking my call, c-span. i'm wondering, number one, i watched the documentary on hbo, you are now if familiar, it took my heart there. back in 2011, assad started killing his own people. back then why didn't the u.n. jump in to stop him, instead of now we're into individual russia,s that are u.s., if they would have
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stopped him, i don't think isis would have been able to fill that vacuum. take comments off the air. thank you. guest: you raise a good point, i back to 2000 eleven, we saw uprising throughout the arab syria at thatt in yemen, nazia, libya, syria was one of several places we were seeing upriseing and rebellions against long-time assad. like the sir yab one started slowly with peaceful protest and the focus was elsewhere and there wasn't really any country, including the united states that was willing to dive in at that point. go back to 2011, the u.s. was nato to bomb in libya, for example, very concerned about what was egypt, with the overthrowing of the government.
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syria became a boil and spilled over and there were some peaceful protests to begin with, moderate rebel forces that had a significant presence in syria to time they and over had lost ground in islamic state 2013, 2014, and at that point, president obama was to shrink the u.s. footprint, was removing interested in sending ground troops and you u.n., but the u.n. had no forces and no other to sebd troop intoes syria in large numbers and that continues to this day. hundred, umbers a few turkey is interested, but not sent a force in. troops in largen number are the russians who are upporting assad, hezbollah who are supporting assad, and iranian republican guard troops ing assad, really
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assad roops supportive of from the outside to fight. host: south bend, indiana, line democrats, go ahead. caller: good morning, gentlemen. east, we've been squabeling over that for years, oil supply wants over there. how would you respond with n tax ons of america dollars involved in the u.s. military and 150 countries for god's sake, how would you respond to the bible's james 4:2, the cause and source of all covetness and corruption? not too difficult to see what is going on here in a biblical way. love of money is the root of all evil and u.s. military, trillions of dollars in iraq, trillions in afghanistan, contractors efense
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the taxpayer troth and james 4:2, the cause of all war is greed. host: got it, james. happening what is with iraqi oil in the places isis? been liberated from guest: right. iraqi state. the interest has never been in oil. i'll tell a quick anecdote. 1981, u.s. fought first war, i was covering that and american troops knocked saddam saddam moveed into iraq and were told to stop. addam hussein regrouped and hammered shiite rebels and i was with a unit of americans watching, they were told to sit and watch outside of towns in iraq where saddam's forces were. mericans felt frustrated watching this, not being able to do anything, they were told that operation.rt of the
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i talked to a young captain who name sed frustration, his now national ter, security advisor, 26 years sort out s trying to the war in iraq tochlt give you perspective, how long this has years of on, 26 almost unbroken american military presence in iraq and searching for not only military, but political solution. you how many times have gone overseas? years overseas with foreign correspondent, much timee middle east and much in places like iraq. your books.f t.v., came it on book out in what year? guest: 2011. host: time for one or two more calls. raymond in lafayette, georgia. good morning.
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caller: good morning, sir. glad to take my call, first time i got in. i want to make a comment, sir, iraq ghanistan and ituation, something similar to vietnam, we're there and support ou to assist them, iraqi and iraq in their thing there. we want to stay in there and help them clean up and stay there to keep them straight, to have them keep things out. we did it once, pulled them out and what did it do? let isis back in there. syria, it is not our war, it is their war. we are there as support unit and vietnam, just a conflict nd wouldn't let us do what we needed to do to begin with. let's clean up to begin with. thank you. guest: this certainly was shift under the obama administration to move from large american footprint of 100,000 troops in iraq and afghanistan to a small number, 8000 in afghanistan now,
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5000 ew hundred in syria, in iraq. smaller american footprint now, emphasis on working with local forces, again, trump administration will tweak this we're not seeing huge expecting huge surge of again, the rces, but focus on the military part of the equation and the problem always seems to come, the military has scored many victories over past decade or two, but finding political solution in those places and ook at afghanistan, iraq and syria and politics are still a mess, even if the military situation gets thrown out. that is where it is hard for the americans same level of influence to say the military. host: try to get one more call. ohn in wisconsin, line for democrats. go ahead. caller: thank you for allowing me to call. a very serious question. i don't -- i look at this, we
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tend to do things the same way, you know, every time something comes up. i look at all of the immigrants coming in to this country, they are all military age and are in good health, why not train them nd send them back to fight for their own freedom in their country. we don't do that. we have some of the dumbest people around. guest: okay. a lot of immigrants join the military. some come to this country and military even before they are citizens. this is component of the there is ilitary and close cooperation overseas, one issue right now is the people helped u.s. forces in iraq and afghanistan, should they be allowed to come to this country now. but also, from other countries, s well, this has been a factor with the u.s. military, people wide.nd
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host: greg myre, correspondent ith n.p.r., check out his twitter handle at greg myre one, n.p.r.k, of course at thank you. in the last minutes of the program, return to the question we began our program with, the scoring, shaking up the healthcare debate. insured, lower r deficit under the g.o.p. plan. alk about it want to hear your thoughts, start calling now and we'll be right back. >> anyone working any hedge fund who is involved in short-term everyday coming and trade nothing and out of stocks, all people want edge, a common term in the industry, they want edge. ou know, there is white edge, it is useless for purposes, the gray zone, and then there is
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clearly e, which is inside information. >> sunday night on q&a, new yorker staff writer sheila talks trading case der cohen, in her edge," the quest to bring down the most wanted man on wall street. the e two characters at heart of the center, central character necessary my book, two managers for io martoma, und, matthew and michael steinburg is another one. martoma is serving fairly lengthy prison sentence, his case is on appeal and mr. steinburg, was convicted, but he conviction was overturned after appeals court made ruleing that made it harder to convict someone for insider trading. >> sunday n 8


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