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tv   History of Farming and Ranching in New Mexico  CSPAN  August 4, 2018 11:48am-12:01pm EDT

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house is female? congresshe library of or summary what they thought. they said probably 300 years. [laughter] -- this is their incremental, very incremental. >> we hear from sue myrick, eva clayton, barbara can nearly -- watch johnson, and or histories, sunday at 10:00 a.m. eastern on "american history tv" on c-span3. a museum in las cruces. strongico has a agriculture industry. up next, we take you around the museum to learn how agriculture has impacted life in the southwest before new mexico's
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founding. >> the idea for this museum began in the 1920's. mexicotary noticed new artifacts are ending up in museums and other states. aboutke to people creating a farm and ranch museum to preserve our state's heritage. new mexico has a unique agricultural story. it goes back 4000 years when people were growing their own food. we take a lot of pride in preserving the story and sharing it with people. ranching museum is unique because he have animals. las cruces does not have a zero. we take that role. we have all sorts of livestock. we have seven different breeds of beef cattle.
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we have milk cows, we do looking demonstrations every day. the restrictions are another thing that makes us unique. do quilting, sewing, that kind of thing. when people come here, you are not just looking at static exhibits, the same thing on the wall. you are experiencing agriculture, demonstrations, a nail being made and how pressured precious -- and how precious it would be for someone. >> we are in the heritage gallery. we show the story of agriculture in new mexico. up until the turn of the century , we are in the section of the gallery that represents native americans who lived here 1300 years ago, our first
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agriculturists in the valley. southern new mexico. this is a pit house, the home to that group of native americans. there would have been several of these pit houses in the village where people lived. they would have spent a lot of time in the pit house. they would have been there in the evening, nighttime, slept maybe, inclement weather, cooking. most of the time, people would have been outside, working in their fields, growing their corn, thequash and earliest crops we had here in the valley. this is our cause a colonial -- our casa colonial. this is how the spanish people lived here in 1815. the spanish camp about --
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spanish came about the 1500s. one came to mexico -- to new mexico. they were looking for riches, wandered into kansas, and came this way. they left behind remedy of the things they brought -- behind remenatsd's -- behind -- remnants. was a commercial crop. they were making wine. they were selling those grapes to make wine. that was popular. we do not grow -- we are backed in the -- back in the wine industry again. when you hear about california being -- all the wine from
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california -- in new mexico, we grew the first grapes before they did in california. that is a crop the spanish brought here to the near world when they came. a couple of things interesting we represent at our museum are common cattle. these came from spain. they brought them over here. cattle insome of the texas.ico, parts of te they lived in louisiana and texas. they become longhorn cattle. we still raise that type of cattle at the farm and ranch museum. manager say those livee could lefive -- could
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with almost everything. they are really tough. they are small. they have small calves. alves weigh -- they are much smaller than the longhorn. they brought sheep. navajoe the ones the raise now. heritageon of our gallery is called generations. what it does is the first formal exhibit in the museum. it told the story of agriculture from 1816 to 1930. posts several war was a big period of change for new mexico. we were bringing in -- setting up army forts in the state -- all over the state. raising moree
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, european types of cattle. was thet major breed brown cattle with the white faces. have those on the south 20. cows.are big, meaty they would butcher them and feed the native americans on reservations as well as soldiers living in forts in the area. they moved these cattle back and forth from here, to texas, up north to datsun z, kansas, -- to .odge city, kansas -- you see the old western movies. that is what this was.
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that is the story. cowboys out on the range with i am standing in front of a truck widen, and -- a wagon. it was supposedly created by charles. food andto bring the all of the supplies to the cowboys out on the range. they do not come to town. they did not have homes like we have today. they probably had a home summer, but they would spend months on the trail with the cattle. was ins what new mexico the late 1800s and early 1900s. this was the big industry. agriculture, forming, and ranching, connects all of us. if you look at your family
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-- is part of our ancestry. >> our cities tour staff recently traveled to las cruces, new mexico, to learn about its rich history. learn more at c-span.org/citiestour. you are watching "american history tv," all weekend, every weekend on c-span3. on "american history tv," five historians who wrote about american citizens discuss the challenge of writing presidential biographies. here is a preview. >> biography at the president a level is the social history of policymaking, which is to say to did individuals struggle make policy and circumstances where they seemed doomed to
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fail? the argument of my book is with every successive generation, the office is more doomed to fail. we do not have to talk about presidents of the united states, chairs,ties, department media. there is more pressure. our world is more, likes. be a leader -- is more complex. being a leader -- for the world we live in. wellthese books do so is how we can use the stories of individuals struggling to make policy in nearly impossible circumstances, how we can use those stories to understand the evolution of policymaking and the office itself. >> watch the entire program today at 2:00 p.m. eastern. you are watching "american history tv," only on c-span3.
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>> there are a lot of people -- i do not want to read that i do not want my kids to read stories sad, downbeat, whatever. that is not a totally legitimate thing to say -- i want to choose as a parent when my kids understand stuff that might bring them grief. well, they are 14 now, when are you going to introduce them to the idea not everything is perfect in your all-white suburb? all of the factors world together to create the perfect star fire of mass censorship of books by marginalized people. in-depth -- on fiction edition. interact with him by phone,
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twitter, or facebook. , sunday, liveries from noon to 3:00 p.m. eastern on book tv on c-span2. >> next, a discussion about woodrow wilson, the 28th president of the united states. historians talk about his time at princeton university, his family, intellectual influences and his political values in domestic and foreign policy. societyyork historical hosted this program. >> we are honored to welcome three acclaimed historians to new york historical. patricia o'toole is a fellow of the society of american historians and the author of five books, including "when trumpets call." and "tiv

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