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tv   BBC News  BBC News  February 27, 2022 5:00am-5:31am GMT

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this is bbc news. the headlines: another terrifying night for the citizens of care with reports of a massive explosion south—west of the capital. this is the seen live in the city as people may soon start to emerge after spending another night in shelters. the exodus grows, more than 100,000 have already fled to neighbouring countries. tougher sanctions on russia, the eu calls for a number of russian banks to be removed from the swift international banking system. away from the front lines, international condemnation of the invasion, with protests taking place around the world.
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hello and welcome to bbc news. it is now seven o'clock in the morning in the ukrainian capital, kyiv. there have been several powerful explosions near the city as residents now begin to emerge from another night spent in shelters. multiple reports they went explosion was caused by a missile attack on an oil depot in a town south—west of the capital, and the fire you can see there was glowing in the night sky. 0n the ground in ukraine, russian troops have been spreading out in parts of the north, east and south, gaining territory particularly there on the east. the map shows how much of the ukraine is in russian control. the first report is from our international correspondent who has travelled to kyiv.
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the rush to kyiv, a capital under attack. as we headed for the city this morning, there was little moving — apart from ukrainian troops. but the russians are watching from the skies, ready to strike, as they did here, just an hour outside the capital. well, this is what we've come across on the road to kyiv. this convoy was obviously travelling to the city to be part of the defence of kyiv. this is an air defence missile system. it was hit yesterday. the smoke is still rising here. deep boom. and here, too, after an early—morning strike on a block of flats near kyiv�*s giuliani airport. the authorities here say it was a russian missile strike that killed two people. sirens wail. it could have been many more, but many locals had already fled or taken cover
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in shelters. yuri shevchuk, who lives nearby, says the west must help ukraine. i wanted to say for you, for your governments, that we are in need, urgently in need, as soon as possible, as much as possible, we are in need of anti—aircraft missiles, we are in need of anti—tank missiles, we need ammunition. is there any message that you would wish to send to president putin? i wanted to say to president putin that only one way for him — it's the way to hell. well, this is what kyiv woke up to this morning. all of this destruction is in a residential area in a european city, and there is a real sense here now that nowhere in the capital is safe. and so much of kyiv now looks like this. still standing but
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bracing for impact. ukraine's embattled president, volodymyr zelensky, took to the deserted streets shooting a selfie video to reassure his people. i am here and we will not lay down our arms, he said. farfrom it, we found ukrainian taking up arms, forming volunteer brigades, to take the city, alongside the local police. this volunteer, who goes by the nickname molloy, said, "i don't want to live in russia, "and my brothers—in—arms don't want that either. "we will defend this city or i will die." the volunteers are looking for russian saboteurs, said to already be in the city.
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nearby, we met nino out walking her dog and venting her fury. "we demand an end to the war", she says. "we can do it with sanctions. we must isolate the aggressor country. it terrorises the whole world." with russian forces at the gates, some are still fleeing the capital. for now, the city remains in ukrainian hands, but the battle may be just beginning. 0rla guerin, bbc news, kyiv. liam collins is a former colonel who served in afghanistan, and bosnia in his 27 year career. he also worked extensively with ukraine to introduce substantial reforms to the military. doctor collins, from what you have
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seen so far in recent days, how is the ukrainian military fairing? is the ukrainian military fairin: ? �* ., fairing? about where i would have expected. _ fairing? about where i would have expected. we - fairing? about where i would have expected. we usually i fairing? about where i would l have expected. we usually use the weapon systems to take out tanks in the antiaircraft taking out aircraft and from my perspective performing about where they have performed and i think it is surprising vladimir putin how effective they have been who severely outnumbered the ukrainian forces. find been who severely outnumbered the ukrainian forces.— the ukrainian forces. and your assessment — the ukrainian forces. and your assessment of _ the ukrainian forces. and your assessment of the _ the ukrainian forces. and your assessment of the tactics? - the ukrainian forces. and your. assessment of the tactics? were t in: to assessment of the tactics? were trying to work — assessment of the tactics? were trying to work out _ assessment of the tactics? were trying to work out what - assessment of the tactics? were trying to work out what russia i trying to work out what russia is trying to do and at the tactical level, i think ukrainians are outperforming the russians, at this small unit level. the russians have advantage in larger missile they can far across the border but at a soldier level the ukrainians are outperforming the russian.— the russian. there is a ukrainian _ the russian. there is a ukrainian military - the russian. there is a ukrainian military and l the russian. there is a - ukrainian military and then there are pictures of the
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ukrainian civilians, signing up and being given rifles at stations. what impact will they have on the conflict? i stations. what impact will they have on the conflict?— have on the conflict? i think they will _ have on the conflict? i think they will have, _ have on the conflict? i think they will have, the - have on the conflict? i think they will have, the longer . have on the conflict? i think they will have, the longer it| they will have, the longer it drags on, a more significant role in the conflict and unless you get into urban areas as well and the fighting turns more urban it becomes more challenging for the russians. that is where those volunteer and smaller level fighters may be smaller and less experience but they can do significant damage and so down the russian advance and whittle away and the russians learn from afghanistan and i think they will find out that this will be a hard fight for them. can russia conquer _ a hard fight for them. can russia conquer ukraine without getting into the bigger cities or is that an integral part of what russia's mission appears to be? if what russia's mission appears to be? , ., what russia's mission appears to be? ,, ., ., to be? if you look at what he is doing. _ to be? if you look at what he is doing. it — to be? if you look at what he is doing, it appears - to be? if you look at what he is doing, it appears this - is doing, it appears this strategic objective is regime change and with zelensky out of
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power, installing a favourable russian regime and make him a satellite much like belarus. she had to go into the city to do that. — — so you have to go into the city to do that so if russia makes advances into the capital it doesn't mean they won the war militarily politically because ukrainians and the volunteers will fight. it will not be as easy as they think to take the capital and it does not mean political or military victory. in it does not mean political or military victory.— military victory. in recent da s military victory. in recent days we've _ military victory. in recent days we've seen - military victory. in recent days we've seen recent i military victory. in recent - days we've seen recent western countries offer support to the ukraine and in a big shop support, germany, what is your assessment of the eight coming in and the effect of that on the ukrainian military? it will - as they _ the ukrainian military? it will - as they have _ the ukrainian military? it will - as they have not _ the ukrainian military? it will - as they have not improved | — as they have not improved military since 2014 and the uk
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gave them 2000 short—range anti—tank missiles and those missiles are depleting as the first three days of gone on in the fight and they have to be replaced that this is absolutely important to them and only about three or four years ago, the russians started hitting some of the ammunition depo is in ukraine for the fight they would take on three orfour fight they would take on three or four years later, that this is where they really need those help, with a key weapon systems with antiaircraft and anti—tank systems are the most important ones. ., ., ~ systems are the most important ones. ., ., ones. doctor, thank you so much. thank— ones. doctor, thank you so much. thank you. - there has been a shift in consensus over banning russia from the interbank payment called swift. even on friday they said it was not time to exclude russia but on saturday, ursula von der leyen says that the eu was proposing that a number
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of russian banks were removed from swift. she also said the russian central bank would come under pressure. we will stop putin from using his war chest. we will paralyse the assets of russia's central bank. this will freeze its transactions and will make it impossible for the central bank to liquidate assets. and, finally, we will work to prohibit russian oligarchs from using their financial assets on our markets. all of these measures will significantly harm putin's ability to finance his war. earlier i spoke to adam swift.
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he is a senior adviser to the us congress on sanctions and foreign policy and he told me that the move on swift would make a difference. this is a significant view. the europeans did not want to touch it but they touched it in the context of iran and the fact they did this in unison with they did this in unison with the transatlantic alliance it says a lot about how lockstep we all are with respect to how far president putin is falling from grace. you were involved in the first set of sections as we say, should the us have taken tougher actions in 2014 after the annexation of crimea are not allowed almost eight years for a number of powerful people in russia to hide assets which will now make it easier for them to avoid sanctions this time? is
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for them to avoid sanctions this time?— for them to avoid sanctions this time? , . ., , this time? is certainly you can gamepiaying _ this time? is certainly you can gamepiaying going _ this time? is certainly you can gameplaying going back- this time? is certainly you can gameplaying going back to - this time? is certainly you can i gameplaying going back to 2014 but the problem we had then and todayis but the problem we had then and today is the size of the russian economy. we had never sanctioned a jurisdiction the size of russia, a huge economy and we were very concerned about collateral consequences and those were good seeing could not say. and we still have that problem today. we are of a sleep better at targeting the larger economy because of entering it since 2014 but the concern about collateral consequences, notjust with respect to oil and gas supplies in europe, but also russians who want to live their lives and not be the target of aggression or concerns, want to make sure we do not impact them more than we need to. there is only so much we could do in a way that we think is clever, strategic, gets to angles we support but also limits of some of the collateral consequences which i think are inevitable in certain contexts.— certain contexts. western leaders have _ certain contexts. western leaders have talked - certain contexts. westernj leaders have talked about certain contexts. western - leaders have talked about going after the assets of a number of
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powerful and very very rich individuals. how easy is it defined the money of these people known as oligarchs and how easy is it not to find it, but also to seize it? low is challenging and if you look at 2014 when we started the process in 2018 when we had more sanctions, the record is mixed as to how effective sanctions are and mixed into ways, one, will be able to seize assets and two remove them away from president putin? which is one of the keys to get his power base of oligarchs removed. there is mixed evidence there of how activities. it does depend. there are 100 also oligarchs, depending how you define the term and each present different challenges, they located in different parts of the world and if you can define them as a group, they are all sophisticated with respect to how they hide the assets, move their money and whatnot so it will be challenging but one of
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the interesting pieces about the interesting pieces about the announcement was that, that they are setting up a transatlantic tiger squad essentially to go after the money and figure out where the money and figure out where the money is and how to block it and stop them from using it to aid president putin.— aid president putin. adam smith, thank _ aid president putin. adam smith, thank you - aid president putin. adam smith, thank you so - aid president putin. adam| smith, thank you so much. refugee agencies are wanting that millions of ukrainians will be on the move to escape the fighting. some will stay and others will move across the border. fergus keane centres this report from lviv. alljourneys now lead west. in days, the lives of millions upended. the only thought is to get to safety. many of us thought that it is just an informational war. and we don't understand why putin does it. we need help from world we say help, help, because we are here. we are alone here.
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siren blares and the sound they have to learn to live with. the russian army might be far from lviv but there is still a state of high alert. the sound triggered a panic attack for this woman. it is still the case here, despite the war, that the young trust their parents to protect them, whatever might come. however strange the world that they have been cast into. their hope is that the train would help them avoid this. the line of cars to the polish border. those people are moving on foot down towards the border of poland but it is another 20 kilometres from where we are at the moment.
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we need to move out of the way and let more people pass us here. they are coming. a constant procession of people. however they arrive at the border, this slow shuffle out of the lives that they knew is what awaits. back at lviv station, word that a train to poland will leave in half—an—hour. but there will only be one this afternoon and so many, desperate to escape. this train is going now towards dnipropetrovsk, which is in the east. no good to the people standing around me who want to get west as fast as they can, away from what they fear will be the advance of the russians. and there are thousands
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of people along this platform. can any train possibly take the number of people who are here? it seems very doubtful. there is an air of desperation. quiet desperation but no less real for that. the train to poland arrived. crowd clamors this is hard to credit, to believe, in the europe of 2022. people are crushing all around me trying to get onto these trains. woman screams a young mother with a baby there screaming because everyone is getting crushed. this is not the result of any accident. it was created by mr putin's deliberate choice and it is they who must carry the burden. fergal keane, bbc news, lviv.
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well, let's track the journey a little further, many of the people you saw in fergal keane's report were trying to head out of the country west towards country like poland. more than 100,000 ukrainians have sought refuge in poland. 0ur europe correspondent reports from the polish side of the border. an arrival from next door, but which is now another world. the overnight train from kyiv pulled into eastern poland today, carrying europe's neighbours, seeking safety from russia's bombs. it took us 52 hours to get here. kateryna leontieva and her daughter came from kharkiv, in eastern ukraine, as the missiles rained down on her city. how did it feel, having to leave your homes? i don't know yet. i'm, yeah... like, tears arejust coming, you know? i think i didn't feel anything then, and i'm starting to realise, yeah. but i hope it's just a short
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time trip and we will be back soon. the 19th—century train station at przemysl is now a modern refugee reception centre. those arriving welcomed with open arms before travelling on around poland and europe. among them, irene and her children, her husband left behind to defend their homeland. they want to stay there to fight because they are heroes. how do you feel about your husband being there now? i'm afraid. i'm afraid but we believe that everything will be all right. we want to return soon and we are praying for them. poland has become a vital lifeline in and out of ukraine, welcoming those fleeing and sending ammunition and supplies back to those who are remaining. as europe's newest war prompts europe's freshest refugee crisis, it's now poland and no longer the mediterranean that's on the humanitarian frontline.
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for irene and herfamily, anotherjourney now starts — on to relatives in italy. homes, people, livelihoods, are being uprooted — scenes europe thought were confined to the past. mark lowen, bbc news, przemysl, eastern poland. well, let's look at another of the exit routes being used by many ukrainians, because border officials in neighbouring moldova have confirmed that over 30,000 people have crossed into their country from ukraine since wednesday night. most of those fleeing women and children. men aged between 18 and 60, of course, have been instructed by the ukrainian government to stay in the country and fight. lucy williamson is on the moldovan ukrainian border and has spoken to people who have queued for more than a day to get to safety.
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as russians enter ukraine, women are leaving. the last ten miles before the moldovan border is a queue of wives and mothers, scattered with foreign students, the only men allowed to leave. i meet anna on the moldovan side as she struggled to repack her carfor the next stage of herjourney. six—year—old ieva keeps her toys close. she had to leave her father and grandfather behind. the tears come as anna tells me about leaving their men in the southern city of 0desa, waiting for the russians to come. translation: my husband stayed there to protect his country. - i'm hoping the west will help us get out of this terrible situation, because right now, we are alone against the russian aggressor. many of those arriving here have no clear plan of where they will go. the moldovan government has set up 300 tents as emergency shelter for those crossing the border. there's still space here
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at the moment but the ukrainian city of 0desa, less than 50 kilometres from here, is a key russian target and there is worry about a sudden influx of the fighting there develops. moldova tonight is home for thousands more mothers and children as a rift between nations splits families apart. lucy williamson, bbc news, palanca crossing, moldova. the russian owner of the english premier league side chelsea has handed over stewardship of the club to the trustees of its charitable foundation. roman abramowitz, who bought the club in 2003, will relinquish day—to—day control, but crucially he will retain ownership. jill allman reports. his brilliance transformed the fortunes of a football club and helped revolutionise an entire sport. under his ownership, chelsea has become one of the most successful
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teams in europe but now, roman abramovich seems to be taking a step back. in a statement on the club's website, he said: although he has given up stewardship, he still retains ownership and the bbc understands he is not calling in the £1.5 billion loan — it's around $2 billion that he gave to the club — but this week, of all weeks, it is not a good look to have russian owners. it seems to be an attempt to distance the club from the awful situation, and what it may also do is protect the club if any sanctions were imposed on russian—owned assets. congratulations. roman abramovich likes to keep a low profile and almost
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never gives interviews. he claims to be essentially non—political but is believed to be close to vladimir putin. as for the chelsea players, they have been preparing for the league cup final against liverpool. the future of the club just that little bit more uncertain. tim allman, bbc news. pro ukraine demonstrations have taken place across the world as thousands took to the streets to denounce russia's invasion of the country. all chant: ban russia from swift! _ ban russia from swift! around the world, people are voicing concerns, outside the white house they are calling for the us government to ban russia from the swift financial payment system. all chant: usa, support ukraine! | protests in new york... we are ukrainians living in new york and we are desperate to ask people to help ukraine to fight.
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..and in colombia. scenes in brussels as protesters relay their message to drivers from a bridge. in israel, this was the message. we need your help. we need help from european nations, from nato, from all around the world. don't stay at home. choose your words. go out. from inside russia in ekaterinburg, police detained protesters who dare to raise their voices. these people march but there are no banners and there is silence, but it is still a show of opposition. resistance shows itself in many ways — a ukrainian asks a russian tank driver, "have you broken down? resistance shows itself in many ways — a ukrainian asks a russian tank driver, "have you broken down? "can i tow you back to russia?" man laughs. arena iamgold, bbc news. it is now 25 minutes past seven in the morning in kyiv. and people
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may be beginning to emerge from the showers, but it is not freedom. there is still a curfew and people continue to await. to stay on bbc news. hello. the weather through the remainder of the weekend is continuing on that fairly dry, settled theme. we've got high pressure in charge of our weather. a bit more cloud pushing in and breeze across northern ireland and scotland but certainly, for england and wales, we've had fairly clear skies on saturday and it's going to be a similar picture into sunday as well. here's the satellite image. it shows this area of cloud out to the north—west of the uk. this is a weather front which is just starting to move in. you can see the proximity of the isobars. there's some breezier weather across northern and western areas but as this front pushes its way eastwards, it bumps into a big area of high pressure, so it's tending to fizzle out through the day on sunday. certainly a chilly start, particularly for england and wales, with a touch of frost around. also for eastern scotland, a bit of a chilly start.
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plenty of sunshine for most areas. we have got this weak front draped through the irish sea, bringing more cloud to parts of western scotland. northern ireland, a few spots of drizzle here, and a bit of that cloud into the likes of pembrokeshire and cornwall, too. but light, southerly winds for most of us, so if you've got the blue sky and the sunshine, it's going to feel quite pleasant out there with temperatures between around about 8—11 degrees on sunday. and as we move through into the evening hours, then, initially, things are still looking quite dry and clear and we keep the clear spells for longest across eastern england. but from the west, this next band of cloud and patchy rain moves in. this is another weather front, and that's going to be with us to start off monday morning. so, not as cold first thing monday — certainly compared to first thing sunday — because we've got more cloud, outbreaks of rain and more of a breeze around, too. so, monday's weather, then, will be dominated by this frontal system which slowly pushes its way eastwards across much of the uk. i think it'll be quite slow to reach east anglia and the south—east, so here, you may well keep some sunny spells through the course of the day on monday but elsewhere, a fair bit of cloud. windy conditions — gales possible up towards the western isles, for instance — and that rain will clear out
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of scotland and northern ireland, but it will be quite slow—moving for parts of northern england into wales, down towards the south—west as well. another fairly mild day — temperatures up to around 12 degrees. heading on into tuesday and high pressure sits across much of the uk, but we've got this trailing frontal system, so that may welljust spill some rain across some southern counties of england, perhaps into south wales as well, but there's still some uncertainty about exactly how far north or south this system is going to be. but across much of the uk, we are thinking that high pressure will dominate, bringing a lot of dry and settled weather. a touch cooler, i think, on tuesday. looking ahead towards the middle of the week, still a bit of rain lingering in the south on wednesday and more rain in the north—west by thursday. bye— bye.
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this is bbc news. the headlines: there have been several powerful explosions nick cave as residents of the ukrainian capital have hunkered down for another night. multiple reports say one explosion was caused by a missile attack on oil depots south—west of the city. the fire can be seen blowing in the night sky. the un refugee agency says that the russian invasion has driven more than 150,000 people to flee ukraine two countries further west. the vast majority have so far gone to poland, managed tojoin friends and families. many have gone to countries like moldova, hungary, and slovakia. the western coalition including the united states, the united union, and canada is to cut off russian banks from the swift payment system. the aim of the sanctions is to cripple the imprudent�*s ability to finance.

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