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tv   BBC News  BBC News  July 23, 2020 4:00am-4:31am BST

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welcome to bbc news. a very warm welcome if you are watching here in the uk, on pbs in america or around the globe. my name is mike embley. our top stories: president trump deploys hundreds more federal officers to american cities, expanding his crackdown on what he calls spiralling violent crime. my vision for america's cities could not be more different from the lawlessness being pushed by the extreme radical left. even though the us is recording more than 1,000 coronavirus deaths a day, the president also insists schools must get back to normal. tensions between the world's biggest powers escalate as the us orders china to close its consulate in houston. millions are displaced by torrential monsoon rains in india, nepaland bangladesh.
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hello. president trump is sending more federal agents to chicago and other american cities to fight what he says is violent crime spiralling out of control. there is already considerable dispute and unease about the federal law enforcement officials deployed to portland, oregon to confront protesters there. the president is acting against the wishes of local leaders, who say he's provoking a constitutional crisis. here's how the president and his attorney—general explained the move. there has been a radical movement to defund, dismantle and dissolve our police departments. we've just started this process and, frankly, we have no choice but to get involved. we have initiated this programme, operation legend, to step up the activity
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of our task forces, our anti—crime task forces in the hard—hit cities by committing more federal agents. let's get more on this now. we will speak to a associate professor in las vegas. very good to talk to you. we have just been hearing what the president says about this and his attorney general. it is pretty clear the president is trying to position himself as the law and order candidate when he faces quite a tricky election. do you make of is happening? i hate to bring up the word unprecedented again, but i think it is appropriate here. this appears to be sort of uninteresting slow encroachment —— and uninteresting slow encroachment of going into cities under the guise of attacking federal buildings and then unleashing these federal agents who are
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not wearing credentials, who are kind of i guess perpetrating their own sort of lawlessness on the streets. it is slightly odd, isn't it, to hear them being described as tyranny and then people are ok a p pa re ntly tyranny and then people are ok apparently with protesters being bundled off the streets into unmarked vehicles by people in combat gear with no id. yep, that it might take as well. so where do you think it leaves us? something that clearly is a spike in violent crime, it may be that these agents can do that in chicago but in other cities such as portland, oregon, the protostar against the way they are being policed. it doesn't sound as if more law enforcement is the way to deal with that. even in chicago, the way to deal with that particular kind of problem isn't what the federal government is proposing. what you need is you need kind of really thoughtful policy that
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is designed and cooperation with local authorities and it is definitely not that. the president, as you know, accuses his opponent, joe biden, of wanting to abolish the police. it is clearjoe biden doesn't wa nt to it is clearjoe biden doesn't want to do that. but there is support for diverting some police budgets to other areas, so police budgets to other areas, so it is not armed police written up to traffic stops, shoplifting instances, mental health calls? right. ithink thatis health calls? right. ithink that is true and i think it is u nfortu nate that is true and i think it is unfortunate that the phrase defund the police, it lacks the kind of nuance that i think most of these policies are actually looking for. i think there is a lot more agreement that it makes little sense to send a swat team into a domestic dispute or to look for the marijuana in somebody parliament house, so i do think that not only has president reagan is characterised by an‘s position on this, but has also
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used this phrase is awaited scare people into thinking that something really treacherous is a thought when that not really the policy that most mainstream folks are promoting anyway —— biden. good to talk to you. thank you. thanks a lot. at his latest coronavirus briefing in the last few hours, president trump reiterated that he wants schools in the united states to reopen, adding that he would be comfortable with his son, barron, and grandchildren attending them. as the figures are still spiking in southern and western states, the president urged young people to avoid packed bars and to take other steps to limit the spread of the virus. here's our north america editorjon sopel. dance music after months of lockdown, it's perhaps not surprising they are partying like it's 2019. but in florida, night—time curfews have had to be reintroduced because coronavirus is ripping through this state. last week, there were more new cases in this one state per day than there were in the
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whole of the european union. and the health system is buckling. it's the same story in texas. in the past couple of weeks, hospitals have been overwhelmed by the rising number of new cases and it's taking a toll on those on the front line. we are trying our best to keep everybody healthy and alive. and when it's out of our hands, it's out of our control, we sometimes feel helpless. how do you deal with that? we cry. we talk to each other. we embrace each other and try to be the best that we can. as cases in the us have soared, so donald trump's poll ratings have slumped and, belatedly, he's extolling the virtues of mask wearing. and last night he gave a sombre briefing about the state of play. it will probably, u nfortu nately, get worse before it
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gets better, something i don't like saying about things, but that's the way it is. it's the way... it's what we have. you look over the world, it's all over the world. but much of the rest of the world would argue with this assessment. let's look at daily new cases in germany, italy and the uk and compare those to the us. germany eased its lockdown in late april, followed by italy in early may and the uk in mid—june. what they have in common is all three countries were well below a recommended benchmark of fewer than four daily new cases per 100,000 residents. the us saw a slight decline in case numbers but wasn't even close to that benchmark when the first states let their lockdown expire on april 30. nor by may 15, when half of americans lived in states which had eased restrictions. and by may 31, 47 states — representing 90% of the population — had lifted lockdowns. one area where the president has claimed huge success is over testing. but testing's only effective if it's matched
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by contact tracing. and many americans are waiting so long for their results that it makes contact tracing virtually impossible. let's get some of the day's other news. brazil has registered a record number of new coronavirus cases — more than 67,000 in the past 2a hours. the health ministry says almost 1,300 deaths were reported in that period. brazil has the second—worst outbreak after the united states with more than 2,200,000 infections. indigenous groups are increasingly among the worst affected. the united nations is warning that millions of people in yemen, already ravaged by war, disease, floods and locusts, do not have enough to eat. a report by two un agencies says the number facing acute food insecurity in parts of yemen will rise to more than 3 million by the end of 2020. china has evacuated thousands of residents in hubei province after some of the heaviest rainfall in decades triggered a landslide.
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it blocked part of the yangtze river, creating a lake that threatens to submerge several villages. officials say they're monitoring the giant three gorges dam, which has been storing huge amounts of water to help ease downstream flooding risks. in the latest escalation of diplomatic tensions, the trump administration has ordered china to close its consulate in houston. the state department says it's acting to protect intellectual property and private information. firefighters were called after reports of documents being burned in the courtyard, but it seems they were not allowed in. this is the explanation the us secretary of state, mike pompeo, gave for closing the consulate. we are setting out clear expectations for how the chinese communist party is going to behave, and when they don't, we're going to take actions that protect the american people, protect our security, our national security and also protect our economy and jobs. that is the actions that you are seeing taken by president trump. we will continue to engage in those. that's the official american line.
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here's the reaction from the chinese foreign ministry. translation: china strongly condemns this outrageous and unjustified move to sabotage china—us relations. china urges the us to immediately withdraw its wrong decision or china will definitely take a proper and necessary response. rush doshi is director of the china strategy initiative at the washington think tank, the brookings institution. he told me so many questions concerning the us government's decision remain unanswered. the events today are a considerable surprise. there was no indication that this was coming, nobody really expected it to happen. the trump administration has been pretty clear that the consulate was closed because it was involved in intelligence gathering efforts in the oil and medical industries, and as you mentioned, efforts to target private information of us individuals. but we still don't have a lot of information on specifically what the consulate was doing and why the trump administration took this step now. i think there are at least two things that are pretty clear,
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and the first is that china is almost certainly going to retaliate. it is likely that they will close a us consulate in china, possibly even a higher—value us consulate so that they can respond more asymmetrically. the second is that this closure is really a symptom of a broader us—china deterioration. history is rhyming in a very interesting way right now. a0 years ago, houston was at the centre of a bright new chapter in us—china relations. china's leader at the time, in 1979, deng xiaoping, came to the city, and while in texas, he put on a 10—gallon cowboy hat and endeared himself to the american people. at that point, houston marked the opening a new chapter in us—china relations. right now, it looks like it is marking a closure of that chapter. and i think this is reallyjust the latest event in a downward spiral in bilateral ties and things are likely going to continue to deteriorate. yes, i was going to ask you how significant you thought this was and how much is diplomatic posturing. how bad do you think this could get? i think this is just the latest in a long list of manoeuvres that both countries have undertaken that are driving
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the relationship to new lows, but i think it's worth noting that this downward spiral is really nothing new. in many ways, it has been going on for the last few years and there are really maybe two broad reasons for it. the first one, i'd say, is that the gap between the us and china with respect to power is shrinking. china is now two—thirds of the us economy by some metrics. by other metrics, it has a larger economy. china has been modernising its military, it is catching up technologically, it has this world—spanning belt and road. it's basically a superpower rival. and then there's the second factor, which is equally important, and that is that the ideological gap is growing between the us and china. china is clearly becoming more authoritarian and that's unsettling to the united states and to the broader west. that is also causing relations to deteriorate. and on top of all that, you throw covid—19 — that's the accelerant on deteriorating ties, so things are likely going to get much worse. this is only one of many ways in which they are going to get worse. we will see probably additional steps taken in technology, and other areas in the months to come. and if they get seriously worse
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between these two huge economies, there will be knock—on effects, won't there? for industry, third parties and the wider world? that's absolutely right. this isn't really just a matter of tension, what we are witnessing is really something more, and aside from covid—19, the us—china divorce that is happening now, you could say it's the biggest geopolitical event in many ways since 9/11, maybe even since the end of the cold war, and the reason i say that is precisely what you just mentioned — it is going to reshape everything. the competition is going to be in technology, in supply chains, infinance, over who has the best system. it's going to affect universities, students, it's going to affect most facets of globalisation. we are really witnessing the dawn of a paradigm that is emerging day by day, and for the united states and for china, managing this competition while securing their own interests, that is going to be the task of the next several years. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: a mystery for medics all around the world. why have lockdowns led to fewer
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babies being born prematurely? nasa: can see you coming down the ladder now. it's one small step for man... 0ne giant leap for mankind. a catastrophic engine fire is being blamed tonight for the first crash in the 30—year history of concorde, the world's only supersonic airliner. it was one of the most vivid symbols of the violence and hatred that tore apart the state of yugoslavia. but now, a decade later, it's been painstakingly rebuilt and opens again today. there's been a 50% decrease in sperm quantity and an increase in malfunctioning sperm unable to swim properly. seven, six, five, four... thousands of households across the country are suspiciously quiet this lunchtime as children bury their noses in the final instalment
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of harry potter. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: president trump sends more federal agents to chicago and other cities to tackle what he calls spiralling violent crime. tensions between the two biggest powers seem to be escalating as the us closes a china embassy in houston. from ireland to australia, many hospitals are reporting that far fewer premature babies are being born during the coronavirus pandemic. nature magazine is reporting that during denmark's lockdown, the birth rate of extremely premature infants decreased by 90% compared with the stable rate in the preceding five years. more research is needed, but doctors hope that the answers could help to reduce the risk of being
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born too early. dr stephen patrick is director of child health policy at the vanderbilt university school of medicine. we don't yet know, mike, and it's something that we need to look into because the implications are quite large. at our hospital back in march, we noted a decrease in the amount of babies that were in our unit day to day, so much so that i began to reach out to colleagues around the country to see if they were seeing something. some units, yes. some units, no. and so we really need to know more about what has happened, be sure about it and then really begin to investigate some of the potential underlying causes. and i guess we should stress here that being born premature is not just being born premature. it can have lifelong implications. yeah, that is right. so about one in ten babies in the united states are born preterm. it has immediate implications, a leading cause of infant mortality. but it can also have lifeline complications. babies born preterm are at risk of having developmental issues, movement issues, breathing issues long term.
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so it does have lots of implications both for infant mortality as well as long—term outcomes. and if this does turn out to be a thing, if the conditions surrounding lockdown have had an impact, what might that tell you? we're going to need to understand why. so first off, was is a real phenomena? and if so, what led to it? and as a public health researcher, i think that's what is most exciting. are there ways we can develop systems to support mums, families better, that may provide some insight to how we can prevent preterm birth? we really need to dig through some of the mechanisms that may have caused this, if it really was a real phenomena, so that we can spread it and prevent preterm birth worldwide. as you say, much more research is needed. but from what you are hearing from colleagues at the moment, what do you think? well, i think we're going to did deeper into this. we have a couple of things right now, just looking to see if what we saw was because of preterm birth or was itjust natural variation as you said at the very beginning.
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so we need to understand first — was this real, and if so, what led to it? we can begin to look at some of the reasons, preterm birth and things like that. we also need to make sure there weren't adverse consequences, things like stillbirth, birth injury. so we really need to be cautious, take a holistic look at this. just very briefly, what is your hunch? laughs my hunch, being in the unit, was that there's something to it, but as a researcher, i know to trust my hunch a little bit because it leads to important questions. but we have to follow the data. floods triggered by torrential monsoon rains have displaced millions of people in india, nepal and bangladesh and caused widespread damage. the floods are described as the worst in the area in years, have killed over 300 people in the past few weeks. forecasters are warning of more rains in some parts of the region, already battling
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to contain the outbreak of the coronavirus. anbarasan ethirajan reports. nothing can stand in the way of the mighty brahmaputra — the river has burst its banks in several places in the north—eastern indian state of assam. the result — vast areas are submerged and millions have been affected. floods are an annual event here, but this year, the impact has been devastating. living conditions are basic and the people have lost most of their belongings. translation: the situation is very bad here. everything has been damaged. 0ur houses have been ruined, the cattle are dying and we are facing difficulty getting food. tens of thousands of people have been moved to safety. the challenge is to provide them with essentials as many roads have been cut off by the floods. the region is already grappling with the coronavirus. both the displaced and rescuers are at risk. we are facing the dual challenge of covid and floods at this time, and we have to take all the precautions.
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let us not forget that india personnel also have to protect ourselves before they protect others, and in the process, some of them may have been infected. many have reluctantly come to these shelters, fearing for the safety of their household items and cattle. the floods have also inundated vast areas of the world —famous kaziranga nature reserve, home to the world's largest population of one—horned rhinos. as their habitats are submerged, the animals rush to higher grounds. at least nine rhinos have died so far, along with hundreds of deer and wild buffalos. further downstream in neighbouring bangladesh, officials say almost one—third of the country is underwater. the heavy rains have swollen both the brahmaputra and the ganges. some say these are the worst floods in a decade and they are praying for a respite. in nepal, landslides have caused havoc in the mountainous regions.
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more than 120 people have been killed in landslides alone in recent weeks, and dozens are still missing. all this happening when the economies of the region have been crippled by the coronavirus lockdowns, adding to the despair of millions of people in this region. anbarasan ethirajan, bbc news. it was around this time five years ago that a tv celebrity raised laughs around the world when he announced he wanted to run for the white house. fast forward to now, and kanye west, better known of course as a hugely successful musician, producer and entrepreneur, fancies his chances of taking over from president donald trump. a chaotic campaign rally at the weekend drew quite a lot more criticism than support. and it's prompted his wife, kim kardashian, to make a public appeal for compassion for him. she confirmed he has bipolar disorder, but says the family can do nothing, legally, to help.
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josef sorett is professor of religion and african american studies at columbia university. i asked him what he makes about all of this. what does he make of it? to be honest, talking about kanye west at this particular moment feels like a distraction of sorts, right, whether it is in the context of the presidential contest between donald trump and joe biden, or in thinking about the american political landscape more generally in this moment. we think of the death of civil rights leaders in recent days — ct vivian and john lewis. we think of the sustained protests in response to the killing ofjohn floyd, breonna taylor and several others. we think of the president's most recent threatening and calling in of federal agents to intervene in everything, from what looks like gang violence on one hand, to organised uprisings and protests on the other. and yet here we are, we find ourselves talking about kanye's presidential bid, and it is a storyline that feels now much more like we're peering into a set of personal challenges
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and most recently, as you noted in your lead—in, a marital dispute. and that being said, i think still there is so much as it relates to larger questions of religion, politics and music in this particular moment that ka nye's long history, now 2—decade history as a producer and artist, and now, in some ways, as a celebrity music star and potential candidate, there is still so much that is interesting and that it helps us to think about. so what do you think is the bigger picture here? i mean, there's always a conspiracy theory. the conspiracy theory is that it is kind of a put—upjob, that he is being encouraged to run for the presidency by some in the trump campaign to try to take black votes from joe biden. there are issues with that, of course. i think a lot of kanye's supporters in fact are white and, if you are after the black vote, it is a pretty odd way to do it to go on stage and dis harriet tubman, for starters. certainly, right. i think at the end of the day, what is significant to note in this right state, which has always been central
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to american politics and has been central to sort of mobilising of black electoral vote that ka nye did in fact not end up getting in the ballot and i think that being said, his effort to negotiate on one hand the sort of evangelical base that he seems to have increasingly moved toward, which is not exclusively, but largely white, and his own sort of relationship to trump, although he has now tried to distance herself from him, on one hand — we see this part of kanye, but then we think about the larger legacy of kanye's home in chicago, this large black base, the place from which 0bama lodged his candidacy. we think of kanye's own rootedness in black musical traditions. on one hand, there's the sort of anti—black evangelicalism, but also his own sort of tie to a history to black musical and cultural expression. and i think when it comes to him thinking through these two trajectories in public, it ends up very confusing.
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it feels like a story we may be coming back to. qantas has flown its last 737. it is not clear if you're watching from below but a drawing could clearly be seen online on flight tracking websites. it will nowjoin others in retirement in the mojave desert. fans of liverpool finally will get to see if their teams are presented with the trophy. no fa ns were presented with the trophy. no fans were in fact allowed inside the stadium. the crowd gathered outside the stadium and around the city to watch on tv and bars. police have already warned fans not to gather outside the stadium. but of course, some people ignored that advice. much more for you
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in all the news that sat on all the news on the website and on the news on the website and on the twitter feed. thank you for watching. hello there. cloud is thickening up once again from the atlantic. it's set to bring some more rain mainly for the middle third of the uk. some areas stayed cloudy and damp throughout the day on wednesday and, as a result, it was quite cool, as well. we had a temperature of 26 degrees in london, but the sunniest weather, that was in bournemouth — almost 1a hours of sunshine. probably not as much sunshine, though, for thursday. it will be quite a cloudy start to the day with temperatures around 12—14 degrees. and we start with some outbreaks of rain mainly across northern ireland, southern scotland, northern england and wales. that's going to be quite heavy for a while. it will gradually turning lighter and more patchy through the day. we get some sunshine more widely across scotland and northern ireland and towards the south—east. perhaps even into the midlands, it may well stay dry, but there'll be more clouds
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around, so it won't be quite as warm — still 23 or 2a degrees. we are looking at some showers to come into the south—west of england, still damp into wales, some more rain across northern england, so quite a cool day here, although the far north of england improving later on. we'll have some sunshine in the afternoon across northern ireland and more widely in scotland, so a warmer day here, 19 or 20 degrees. but still some rather sharp showers in the north—east and up towards the northern isles. those will tend to ease off a bit during the evening. this light and patchy rain by this stage heading down towards the midlands, eventually later on in the night towards the south—east of england. the weather front bringing that is going to be very weak, and as we move into friday, we are in between two wet weather systems — a transient ridge of high pressure before that weather front increases the cloud and brings some rain in from the atlantic. but many places will have a dry day on friday. could be a fair bit of cloud, particularly across southern parts of england and south wales, the odd shower here. one or two showers further north, perhaps into north—east england and scotland. then we get later on in the day some rain pushing in from the west across northern ireland. ahead of that, 20 degrees through the central belt
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of scotland, and we're back up to 25 in the south—east of england. as we head into the weekend, we're dominated by low pressure sitting close to the north of the uk. that weather front will tend to move through, taking some heavy rain away, and then it's showers following on behind. certainly looks like saturday is going to be the wetter day, and those showers could be heavy and thundery. a much drier day on sunday for eastern parts of england with the bulk of the showers in the north and the west of the uk.
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this is bbc news. the headlines: president trump is sending hundreds of federal law enforcement officers to fight what he calls rising violent crime in american cities. he said he had no choice but to act, following anti—racism protests. 200 federal agents have already been deployed to kansas city, a similar number will be sent to chicago. china has reacted angrily to the us ordering the closure of its consulate in houston. beijing has threatened to retaliate saying it was a political provocation that would jeopardise relations. the americans said china was using the consulate as a centre for its spying operations in the us. brazil's diagnosed a record number of people with coronavirus, more than 67,000 in the past 2a hours. figures show almost 1,300 deaths were reported in that period. the country has the world's worst outbreak after the us.

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