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tv   BBC News  BBC News  June 16, 2018 2:00am-2:31am BST

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this is bbc news, broadcasting to viewers around the world, and on pbs in north america. i'm nkem ifejika. these are our top stories: 2000 children separated from their parents in two months — us authorities reveal their mexican border measures. the trade war heats up. washington announces 25% tariffs on chinese goods, beijing promises retaliation. they can't believe they got away with it for so long, steve, 0k? they can't believe it. i mean, they got away with it for 25 years. and for the second time in three years, glasgow's iconic school of art goes up in flames. a hat—trick for ronaldo in a thrilling clash between portugal and spain on day two of the world cup. hello and welcome to bbc news. the white house has been forced
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to clarify donald trump's stance on his administration's immigration controls, which have led to children being split from their parents. almost 2000 children have been separated from their parents at the us border with mexico injust two months. earlier, the us president caused confusion by appearing to refuse to sign a new bill, drafted by his own republican party, that aims to stop the practice. well, let's get the latest information now from the bbc‘s chris buckler in washington. please clarify what exactly is going on because first he did not support it and then he did, what exactly is happening? well, president trump of course wants to be seen as tough on immigration and he also wants his border war with mexico. those are two things he has been pushing for an pushing for in terms of legislation to address all of the various concerns about immigration
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there are. —— border wall. various concerns about immigration there are. —— borderwall. however, this morning he appeared to say that he would not support legislation being prepared by his own republican party. the white house has since clarified that, and said that is not the case, that he does support some of these measures, but there is huge pressure of both the donald trump and fork his administration to try to address some of the real problems are emerging from his tough, zero tolerance approach to immigration at the mexico border. as you mentioned, children in aid six—week period between the middle of april at the end of may were separated from their pa rents. end of may were separated from their parents. that means basically the pa rents were parents. that means basically the parents were ta ken parents. that means basically the parents were taken and detained awaiting prosecution injail, and the children a move to a detention centre. here in the us, pictures have been played one of those detention centres, that is a converted supermarket in texas. these pictures were released by the
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government, but they show that children will being kept in rooms, five of them in a single room and while they are being looked after and given exercise, nonetheless they are spending a lot of time inside that building. there is also talk of another centre opening up, consisting mainly of tents, and that has opened up a lot of political pressure as people talk about the possibility of a tent city of migrant city. all of which is happening at the time that their pa rents a re happening at the time that their parents are injail. happening at the time that their parents are in jail. just quickly, at the antipathy of those who are against this is from the democrats, as you would expect, but also from republicans, from the president's own party. yeah, i think that republicans are concerned about this because they see that these pictures are having an effect. there have been protests already from many people who feel that these people are coming in many cases from violence, fleeing poverty, but they are not entreated perhaps they should be but at the same time,
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president trump has the balance all this with the idea that he came the white house the campaign that was very strongly in favour of being tough on immigration and that is a sta nce tough on immigration and that is a stance he still talks about even as he tries to say that this is not his fault, that it is simply the law. it is of course the law that he is choosing to put into effect with a zero tolerance attitude, however. 0k, thank you very much. that is chris buckler with the legislation and the politics. let's talk about how things are on the ground. maureen scott franco is the federal public defender in el paso, texas. shejoins me now. just tell us because you have the deal with people who are directly affected by these policies, tell us what your experiences have been over the pass few weeks. well, it has been a great dramatic experience for oui’ been a great dramatic experience for our clients, to say the least. they are having their children literally ripped from their arms as they cross into the united states. many of our clients present themselves to border
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patrol agents seeking assistance and instead, their children are taken away from them and in many cases, the children are told the child has been taken for a bath and then the child never returns back to the parent. by the time our office gets the case, the clients are inconsolable. all they care about is where their child is, some of them think that their child is in the jail with them but on a different floor, and so it is story after story like that. we have had children as young as two being taken away from their parents as they arrived in the united states. i'm sure the president has not want to be seen as soft on border control but what has changed? what is so different now about the way these cases are being handled and the way these separations are taking place? well, normally the type of claims
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that we are seeing never would have been prosecuted in the first place. contrary to what has been said about catch and release, that they would arrest people and then release them back into the united states, what that term really came from was they would arrest individuals and turn them back to their countries, whether it be mexico or whatever country they came from. —— return them. so the zero tolerance policy has completely changed all that. since the parent is caught, then the child is taken away from them and sentenced to a separate facility. they call it the settlement homered for the most part, it is very similarajail. for the most part, it is very similar a jail. what happens to the children if the parents are prosecuted and are found guilty? what happens to the children? the children are either placed into shelters and, for instance, in brownsville for example, i believe
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there is an old walmart that they have turned into a shelter. where i am at, in el paso, they have people of direct descent two hours the migrants. sometimes what they will do is take the children and housed them with relatives in the united states. the problem there though is those children and relatives in the united states may need to be here legally or they may also be prosecuted under this tough, no tolerance scheme. thank you very much. the united states and china have moved closer to a trade war, after president trump announced 25% tariffs on $50 billion worth of chinese goods. china has promised immediate counter measures. mr trump was criticised by the eu, mexico and canada just a few weeks ago over similar tariffs on metal imports. here's the bbc‘s gary 0'donaghue. the world's two biggest economies
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just moved a step closer to a full—blown trade war. this latest round of us tariffs covers some 1,100 separate product lines, containing what the administration calls industrially significant technologies. washington's view — china is stealing its intellectual property, and unfairly subsidising its own industries. the levies range across a number of sectors, including aerospace, information and communications, robotics, and cars. the tariffs will be imposed from 6 july. we're just going to do $50 billion, on $50 billion of high—technology equipment and other things coming into the country. because so much of our secrets — you know, we have the great brain power in silicon valley, and china and others steal those secrets, and we're going to protect those secrets. those are crown jewels for this country. america has a trade deficit with china of $375 billion, and beijing is just the latest trading partner to feel the brunt of donald trump's robust america—first strategy. last week, he angered g7 allies
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in europe and canada by refusing to move on steel and aluminium tariffs, drawing a sharp rebuke from the normally mild—mannered canadian prime minister. canadians — we're polite, we're reasonable, but we also will not be pushed around. like america's g7 allies, china is planning to retaliate by imposing its own dollar—for—dollar duties on american imports, likely to target manufacturing and agricultural goods, a plan designed to hit the president where it hurts — in those states that voted him into the white house. we're joined now from washington by mary lovely, who's professor of economics at syracuse university, and also a non—resident senior fellow at the peterson institute of international economics. thank you so much forjoining as. what is wrong with a president detecting the intellectual property
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of his citizens? i would say there is nothing wrong with a president that wants to protect intellectual property of his citizens. however, we would like the president to be effective in protecting intellectual property and not cause more collateral damage then that the good that can be done. but isn't this just president trump's way, by putting pressure on the chinese, by telling him listen, i'm not going to mess around if you keep stealing us secrets? that is what many people hoped for but that is not what is happening. the united states is no longer so large and countries like china are not dependent on the united states to the extent that they will just do united states to the extent that they willjust do what united states to the extent that they will just do what they are told to do, so this behaviour, which is akin to bullying, is not going to work to change practices in china that need to be changed so that intellectual property is respected
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and we and other countries have access to the chinese market. there is not usually consensus among economists but i think by and large, most economists i have read and i have come across, seem to think that ta riffs have come across, seem to think that tariffs and trade wars are a bad thing. so why is president trump and his administration, why are they not listening to you guys? honestly, i think that is the $50,000 question. i think their consensus that this is not productive for the united states is growing beyond just academic economist or people who make their life doing this. we are seeing growing concerns in congress. i think many people, particularly in the republican party, thought that the republican party, thought that the tariffs were just threats and now that they are being levied and we are faced with the beginning of a trade war, congressmen are beginning to realise that that is going to hurtjobs and producers in their own districts, so the consensus or the
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view that this is not helpful to the united states is growing. isn't there a little bit of a problem here that as economists you are thinking about this in economic terms and president trump is thinking about it in terms of politics and protecting his voters, and sticking his finger in the eye of the chinese? is a politician and that is what he wants to do? well, let's take that one by one. sticking his finger in the eye of the chinese, perhaps but presumably that is to get a result, and this will not get the result we want, which was a change in chinese practices towards intellectual property protection. secondly, in terms of protecting the voters, we have studies that show that this will lead tojob have studies that show that this will lead to job losses across various industries. we know that it is already going to lead to request for more protection from downstream industries, who see their cost up. and lastly, it is really going to hurt consumers, so as far as protecting voters, it may feel good
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to have a fair shake of the stick but it is not going to feel good when there are fewerjobs than when costis when there are fewerjobs than when cost is go up for consumers. 0k, thank you very much. a professor of economics at syracuse university and also from an institute for international economics. the historic glasgow school of art has been engulfed in flames for the second time in four years. nearby buildings have been evacuated as fire crews tackle the huge blaze. witnesses say it took hold "in the space of a few minutes". the mackintosh building had been undergoing extensive work after another major fire in 2014. it was, in fact, due to reopen next year. well, scotland's first minister has paid tribute to the firefighters trying to put out the blaze. she tweeted a short while ago...
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the bbc spoke to some witnesses at the scene. will having a few drinks and it was about 12 o'clock and we saw the flames. we came down, it was after about a quarter to one almost. i feel like it is getting worse as well. when we first saw it, it was like nothing, it was a bonfire almost. it looks like it is getting worse. it looks like it is devastated, there is no salvaging it. it is heartbreaking, to be honest with you. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news. the former trump campaign chairman, paul manafort, has beenjailed in the us ahead of his trial on charges of obstructing justice. a federaljudge revoked mr manafort‘s bail after he was accused of interfering with witnesses in the investigation into russia's role
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in the 2016 election. until today, he had been under house arrest, wearing an electronic tag. the head of the pakistani taliban mullah fazlullah‘s been killed in a us drone strike, that's according to afghan defence officials. it happened in afghanistan's kunar province. the preacher became leader of the pakistani taliban five years ago and was the man who ordered the 2012 shooting of malala yousafzi. the un's refugee agency says the lives of thousands of rohingya muslims are at risk as torrential rain lashes down on makeshift camps in bangladesh's cox's bazar. more than 700,000 rohingya crossed over into the coastal district, fleeing persecution in myanmar, since august last year. dan johnson is there. water moulded these hills. it also shapes the lives now lived here.
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it has rained every day for a week, and the monsoon hasn't even officially started. buffeted and battered, pushed from pillar to post, these refugees still can't settle. life here is tough enough as it is, but when it rains, you get a real sense of exactly how much misery is added for the people here. and it's notjust uncomfortable. this water poses a real threat. with pouring rain comes shifting soil, and that could mean homes perched on hillsides being washed away. "we're not safe", he told me. "last night, i slept in the mud. it felt like the house was blowing away."
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"we're afraid of the rain", this woman says. "we're used to living on flat plains, not hills. there are landslides here, and children are dying." this is one of the first families left grieving. abdur shakur‘s young son was buried when a wall collapsed while he slept. his wife is still in shock. he was three years old. translation: i built the wall from mud, because i don't have any money, and that's why i have to stay here. the house was built with bamboo poles, and that's why we couldn't make a strong enough fence. my wife and one of my children were injured too. they are still surrounded by the rubble that killed their son. with more water comes a greater risk of disease. there are 700,000 people here, and aid workers warn that thousands could die. this weekend marks the islamic
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festival of eid, but it is hard to imagine much of a celebration. these people are defined by the land they have lost, and the landscape they now cling to — a fragile existence that is still under threat. stay with us on bbc news. still to come, laid to rest beside newton and darwin — stephen hawking is interred in westminster abbey. there was a bomb in the city centre. a code word known to be one used by the ira was given. army bomb experts were examining a suspect van when there was a huge explosion. the south african parliament has destroyed the foundation of apartheid by abolishing the population registration act, which for a0 years forcibly classified each citizen according to race. germany's parliament, the bundestag,
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has voted by a narrow majority to move the seat of government from bonn to berlin. berliners celebrated into the night, but the decision was greeted with shock in bonn. just a day old, and the royal baby is tonight sleeping in his cot at home. early this evening, the new prince was taken by his mother and father to their apartments in kensington palace. the real focus of attention today was valentina tereshkova, the world's first woman cosmonaut. what do you think of the russian woman in space? i think it's a wonderful achievement and i think we might be able to persuade the wife. it would be a good idea if i could, to get her to go up there for a little while. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: the us authorities say almost 2000 children were separated from their parents on the border with mexico in april and may, as a result of stricter enforcement of immigration controls. the us has announced a new 25% tariff on billions of dollars worth
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of chinese imports. beijing has said it will hit back with similar action. let's turn to the world cup now, and a match that actually lived up to the hype. spain took on portugal in sochi and it ended in a 3—3 draw. elsewhere, there were wins for iran and uruguay, as the bbc‘s tim allman reports. this is what the world cup is all about. travel somewhere new, soak up a little local culture, and hope for the best when the football action starts. translation: i think that with ronaldo, with bernardo silva, we have a spectacular team, with lots of experience. we have already won the euros, so why not? translation: i came to see spain versus portugal and i hope
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spain wins. i came for a great game and i think it's going to be a great game. but you know how it is — on paper, it looks like it'll be a cracker, then it usually falls a little flat. not this time though, this one lived up to its billing, from the moment cristiano ronaldo slotted home from the penalty spot. 20 minutes later, spain were level. diego costa doing the honours. but then, just before half—time, portugal were back in the lead. that man ronaldo again. ten minutes into the second half, costa grabbed his second and it was 2—2. not long after that, spain were ahead for the first time through this screamer from nacho. but with the clock ticking down, ronaldo stepped up to clinch a hat—trick and a point for portugal. staying in group b and a late own goal from morocco's aziz bouhaddouz means iran are top of their table. the world cup can be glorious, but it can also be cruel. and there was a late winner in the day's remaining match.
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jose gimenez scoring for uruguay. i suppose this is what the world cup is really all about. tim allman, bbc news. and to keep up to date with what's going on in the world cup, go to the bbc sport website. we'll have all the team news, results and fixtures building up to the final onjuly the 15th. the portuguese football star cristiano ronaldo has agreed a provisional deal with the spanish authorities to settle a case of alleged tax fraud. it would see the real madrid forward accepting a suspended prison sentence, and paying more than $21 million in fines and interest. spanish courts have recently cracked down on tax evasion among footballers. ronaldo is unlikely to serve any jail time under the deal, reportedly a verbal one at this stage. a ceremony has taken place in london to remember professor stephen hawking who died in march at the age of 76.
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the ashes of the renowned physicist were interred between the graves of sir isaac newton and charles darwin. sarah campbell has this report. it was a congregation which reflected the man, a brilliant scientist and a hugely popular public figure. former colleagues and fellow celebrities were joined by 1000 members of the public who had won tickets to be here in a ballot, more than 2500 had applied. we shall give thanks for stephen hawking's remarkable gifts... this was a celebration of his life and work. his scientific achievements summed up by his friend and colleague for more than a0 years, the astronomer royal. his name will live in the annals of science. nobody since einstein has done more to deepen our understanding of space, time, gravity. professor hawking died in march, following a 50 year battle
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with motor neurone disease. for those coping with other debilitating conditions, he remains an inspiration. he will be remembered as a great scientist and he showed it does not matter about disability. well, i think he showed what people with disabilities could do. i'm going to be an actress. everybody who puts their minds to something gets to be it. stephen hawking proved that more than anyone. we have entrusted our brother stephen hawking to god's mercy... stephen hawking's family watched as his remains were interred in westminster abbey, next to those of charles darwin and sir isaac newton. professor hawking's words set to music are being beamed light yea rs across space, towards the nearest blackhole. some of the fundamental questions posed by stephen — are we alone in the universe? how does the universe work?
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it is absolutely right that his words be in space. it would be appropriate if the first message from earth that was detected by an alien civilisation was from stephen. be brave, be determined, overcome the odds. it can be done. and you can get in touch with me and most of the team on twitter. i'm @nkem|fejika. and i will be spending the next month tweeting about nigeria winning the world cup. peruse at your peril. the weather this weekend is looking a little hit and miss.
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in fact, we are expecting some rain, on and off rain across northern parts of the uk. there could even be somer thunder and lightning. but the good news is it is not going to be lightning all through the weekend. i think we will all get at least some sunshine. let's have a look at the satellite image. a lot of cloud across the uk right now and, in fact, this area of cloud here is racing in our direction and will be moving through the rest of the night and into saturday morning, and that is responsible for the showers. here is the forecast through the early hours of saturday. showers getting into northern ireland, some into wales, the north—west of england and northwest scotland. we will have some rain overnight and then towards the east and south, it is looking drier. the temperatures first thing on saturday will be hovering around 10 degrees. this area of low pressure is going to upset the weather a little bit, at least temporarily on saturday and the further north you are across the country, the more likely you are to run into those heavy showers. let's say wales, parts
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of northern england, northern ireland, certainly scotland here, there could be some thunder and lightning and potential downpours, but they will not last very long. in fact, the breeze, and it will be a fair old breeze, should push them through relatively quickly. you can see where the splodges of blue are. to the south, not so much of that blue here, the weather is looking drier and brighter. that weather system moves away, those are the showers here. by the time we get to sunday, another weather front moves through but this will bring something a little different. it is going to be mostly cloud. we are going to have to pay for it. we will lose the showers, but there will be a lot of cloud streaming in off the atlantic on sunday. there will be a lot of cloud, particularly around eastern areas, but for a lot of us, it will be an overcast day. we could end up a little on the drizzly side on sunday. temperatures around the high teens on sunday, nothing too spectacular but in the sunshine, it should not feel too bad at all. then as we head into next week, the good news is that the weather system seems to be moving to the north and away from us. there is still some rain
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in the north of the country, but the overall trend is for things to start warming up. for example in manchester, by monday and tuesday, we're back into the mid—twenties. london, possibly back even into the mid—20s. the good news is that the weather is going to be improving across much of the uk as we head back into next week and summer is going to make a return. that is it, bye—bye. this is bbc news. the headlines: the us government says almost 2000 children were separated from their parents on the border with mexico between april and may. the department of homeland security said they had been placed in detention while the adults were awaiting prosecution for illegally crossing the border. president trump has announced tariffs of 25% targeting $50 billion worth of chinese goods. they will cover a range of sectors, including aerospace, communications, robotics and cars. china has promised immediate counter—measures of similar size and strength. in the most exciting match so far in the football world cup in russia, spain have drawn three—all with portugal. cristiano ronaldo scored a hat—trick for portugal and diego costa scored twice for spain.
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in other matches, uruguay beat egypt 1—0 and morocco lost to iran through an own—goal. now on bbc news, the week in parliament.
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