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tv   People Power Bureau 39 Cash For Kim P2  Al Jazeera  October 2, 2020 6:30am-7:01am +03

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for people to enter illegally into the united states. although these people are determined to find a better life in the us with the 3rd and 4th and practically shut down during the pandemic the 1200 friends. who are those money. this is al jazeera and these are the top stories u.s. president don't trump and his wife are waiting coronavirus test results off to one of his close advisors tested positive hope pigs traveled with trump to the presidential debate on shoes day and a campaign rally on wednesday steve clemons is the host of al-jazeera is the bottom line he says the timing couldn't be worse for trump where 33 days from election we have a fight brewing over who might fill a supreme court seat vacated by the death of ruth bader ginsburg but now we have
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one of president trump's most intimate aides hope picks who's tested positive after flying to a campaign rally with the trumps in minnesota one that many people have been worried about about kobe passing in these kinds of rallies so it's an extraordinary moment and i think the one other thing we have to ask is if the president and states is tweeting that he is waiting for results it really shows if he is truly waiting for results it shows how bad the testing regime is in america news of trump and the 1st lady going into quarantine comes as the u.s. house of representatives passed the democrats' $2.00 trillion dollars coded 19 relief bill and now moves the u.s. senate where it's likely to unpoliced as republicans oppose it politicians have disagreed for months over the size and scope of the relief package. i mean it says it shut down for hostile drones that are paid near the capital yerevan that's as
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its conflict with azerbaijan over the disputed new gone know how to buck region continues for a 5th day is there a force is also claimed to shut down an armenian drone protests have taken place across india over the gang rape and the death of 2 women from the marginalised its community rights group say india is one of the world's most dangerous places for women. is launching the label action against the u.k. over its briggs it plans to build going through british parliament would violate international law in relation to trade rules in oman and. it's been 2 years in saudi journalist was murdered inside his country's consulate in istanbul rights groups. as 2. major cities. what once was i think what will be the one chechen coming up a fight to dish a new feature of time effort into learning through questioning times for
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a suit he brings home and education and with then the attention of alluding to it his own vision of the future and not from the need to sign east chechnyans done. with needs a new jersey or. how was north korea one of the poorest countries in the world managed to evade u.n. sanctions and pay for its nuclear weapons program the answer is through a secretive government organization known as bureau $39.00 which obtains foreign exchange to fund kim jong un's regime in the 2nd of 2 investigations how insurance scams computer fraud and illegal arms sales keep the money rolling in.
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north korea's like game of thrones but without the dragons. society is capitalist and everything is geared to make sure that there's as much cash for kim as is possible. with. shit out war yes in that he is going to. $39.00 is involved in everything that makes money for north korea selling arms smuggling of drugs guns are free to go for us bills this is about hundreds of millions of dollars a year. and everything. you need
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a 100 you don't. make dollars. hamburg germany. until a few years ago the north korean state insurance company k n i see how to branch in an innocuous looking apartment block here. 6 north korean officials made deals with major european insurance companies. all the. jungle. paul were on and they're all. i get on another one i don't you know there was a. helicopter there. the head of my age and any of
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her. son a thought on it or all were to me die as all. tebaldo so noid the jungle lloyd to all me there's a chair ball and then press of peeing you guys you're more of your form all off. alas you can bet that i you know someone down there could be better. worries you guys are helicopter car so puzzling me and even my element you know my other larger war one case among many in 2015 the european union put the north korean insurance company on their sanctions list the accusation co financing of the nuclear weapons program through bureau $39.00 experts estimate that with crashed helicopters and similar tricks the kim regime and several $100000000.00.
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but how does the kim regime an itch to transfer the millions it makes to pyongyang the answer is simple through diplomatic channels who are. there to as far as who is who worked there who were annoyed there's a way as one of the goods it is or a little better. for her or the subject was it in your own words or through words work that. north korea uses its worldwide network of embassies to ferry money back to pyongyang north korean officials enjoying diplomatic immunity carry the money in cash and their flight back each a simple but efficient way to ensure the cash flow doesn't stop. when those with embassies diverted from cymbalta it's often mainly serve the real. that the 2 things of this financial is also illegal mainly. north korean diplomats
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are basically ears for kim. they're into for the rest of this is where they may be drug lords and maybe weapons workers that they carry differ with a password so they called us. right in the middle of the city lies the north korean embassy. the north koreans have been renting out one of the buildings as a hostel for tourists they've been earning $38000.00 euros per month in rent. using embassy grounds for such activities is against diplomatic practices and contravenes un and e.u. sanctions. like any other country the main goal of the embassies is to some of the state in the north korean states priorities in particular so because sanctions are so comprehensively much of the activities conducted in these and pursues may be
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prohibited. providing military supply training and much of that has been done through north korea's embassies particularly in africa the middle east so of all the countries in the middle east current syrian arab republic as the greatest levels of prohibited cooperation with north korean military and. half is. the father of the current syrian death part and kim were friends from the 1960 zone back then the north koreans hope the syrians during the war against israel and supplied them with weapons and ammunition an important source of income right up till today. using tactics similar to those of 18th century pirates bureau $39.00 runs ships under folks flags. and fake names according to the un north korea has managed to send large numbers of
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weapons to syria. between 20122017 at least 40 shipments from north korea passed through the suez canal but in 2018 the un managed to have one of them intercepted. so we found something called go on its way to syria these were acid resistant tiles involves which could be used in chemical weapons development but also missile fuel is highly corrosive and such tal's could be used for ballistic missile programs as well the bill of lading clearly gave as an address in syria to stop bush from the company for serious scientific studies research center the s.s. all see which is responsible for serious ballistic missile and chemical weapons
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development program the russians that ensued the chemical weapons produced in these laboratories has been used by syria's dictator assad against his own people for years and says many of those who died in agony for me. it's a little known fact that the syrian chemical weapons program was created with the help of north korean technicians and scientists some of these sites were all made by the united states. the purpose of our actions today is to establish a strong deterrent against the production spread and use of chemical weapons. well and the america the chemical there were stories they bugged the north koreans there whether they knew they were bombing there were screams i don't know that they did as the north korean the presence in syria is really months and the report is a deliberate. a that's. one 3rd of all buildings in
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syria have been destroyed a tragedy and there's nice opportunity the syrian regime hopes but billions from international donors for the reconstruction of the country the necessary work brigades to come from north korea the 2 countries signed a contract as a meeting in june 2019. between despots. the money that serves by office 30 and it goes straight into the coffers of the leadership. it is used on the one hand to provide for luxury items it is used to pay for the mercy of these beds cars that somehow found their way into the earth korea despite the sexes but it also is also used in this is probably more important to deliver the best actors you can trade. as early estimate eighty's came in joe ill start a training the most talented children to become cyber hackers they're also good
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money or run somewhere like the weather crossfire's for example is considered soko from the north koreans it is the biggest cyber attack the world has ever seen hundreds of thousands of computers around the world in about $150.00 countries rendered useless now the u.s. government is publicly placing the blame for that cyber assault uniquely dubbed want to cry squarely on kim jong un's army of hackers and so computer specialists are hot on the heels of north korean hacking simon choi works as a consultant to south korean intelligence agencies. who. the
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beauty experts estimate that the tween 61300 hackers work for kim or. color king aren't so there's a little dog galloping want to realize. their lives are also not going to become in a. real curriculum period or cupboard are good i won last. year with the quote i would sit on hunger experts estimate that up to $2000000000.00 have been stolen by young highly trained north korean hackers. north korea has developed an official education system for its upper middle class. here at pyongyang middle school the children who will later be computer specialists scientists and engineers are trained to shape the future of the country like me to find the advantages of that i don't care anything and this exchange
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is the last until the students also learn how to use computers they have access to a very limited north korean version of the internet uncensored variety is strictly forbidden. north korea's rulers know that once the doors to the digital world have been thrown open they can never be shut again but despite all precautions in 2007 or korea face the 1st digital data leak in its history the danger of pyongyang's municipal registry with more than $2000000.00 entries professor brighter obtained a copy and is currently analyzing it using special software. we never had this kind of. information ever.
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different understand the system in the party who can are actually go and allies in a mapping. for the 1st time there were no longer dependent. people who tellers were all the buildings are. we can see who's inside the buildings what companies are what departments there are and races local to the data proves the main building of bureau 39 is close to the seat of power right in the middle of pyongyang just a stone's throw away from the headquarters of the workers' party. it's divided into 6 main departments and employs several 1000 people in pyongyang alone they have their own fleet of vehicles kindergartens a golf course an ostrich farm and even their own bank these 6 main departments are in turn responsible for hundreds of individual companies throughout north korea they control iron ore and diamond mines jewelry factories and
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textile companies they're mainly specialized in exporting goods abroad other companies in the bureau and foreign exchange through forced labor arms smuggling and insurance fraud but one rule applies. to all the named bureau 39 is never mentioned outside north korea so it remains invisible impossible for u.n. sanctions monitors to detect. tyrion have already occurred on here as the rewards are there who say where they were you know how because you do your war subsequently we're here in ours at all around. crimean. hold. the colonel. pulling their money. have schools you guys you get them you know.
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you know by home from work to come illegally it's a 1000000 of his own. is a 1000000. and everything or you haven't you don't. make dollars. north korea is changing an impoverished socialist state has turned into a country with a highly flexible shadow economy and many ways north korea is run like a commercial company all that matters is cash for kim the workers here are no longer slaving away for the revolution but for the wealth of their leader and his cronies the gap between rich and poor is widening while the population in pyongyang enjoys a constantly growing prosperity 40 percent of the rural population still suffer
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from malnutrition what's their shows beyond any doubt is that office 39 other only exists and though it can prove what it does it all means companies it operates the scope uneasy for us all those are things. that is a quiet. and development in understanding how north korea manages to earn money abroad we know know exactly through what kind of companies office 39 does this. the kim jong silk silk spinning male named after kim jong un's grandmother a model factory $1600.00 workers are employed here most of them women they sought process and boil the cocoons of the silkworms to obtain the precious yun this open arms come from a province south of pyongyang about 200 tons of silk are produced here every year.
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a luxury product expensive and labor intensive the factories entire production is intended for export abroad but the supervisors are unwilling to disclose who the foreign customers are. i'm not sure anymore who suffers under the sanctions. it's a hassle i'm sure for north koreans but i do find ways around that one of the problems is that neither thai the nor russia. is helping in forcing the sanctions romans or underscores that it's and. they don't see that here once and on and on the. ground can one jet hit them he so you during the day one story doesn't believe she waited till my and the very moment. we've all madonna isn't any more missing mom with him number more you don't moment mom will cause you really. gave her head to come who. won't even let people comment fake 30.
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textiles are the 2nd most important north korean export product after coal. or going to. war in the sea to all. the to be used is the. force of. the whole who. do any good in the world goes. to joking ha ha bill who was. kidding who seem all need all the. whole school who are followed you know to the other. then don't china. north korea's gateway to the world. and a symbol of how few tile the un efforts are to dry up kim sources of cash.
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'd the sino korean friendship bridge across the yalu river it's one of the few ways to enter or leave north korea every day trucks queue in front of the customs checkpoint smugglers traders and also the agents and entrepreneurs of biro 39 they're all hoping for a quick deal here china is by far north korea's most important trading partner financial experts estimate that 90 percent of north korea's exports go to its powerful neighbor in the north. thousands of north koreans are said to work in textile factories in the region. disguised as businessmen and equipped with hidden cameras we film in one of the factories chinese textile companies hire north koreans because their wages are lower than those of chinese
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workers the seamstresses work day and night. often sleep on the company premises. they're likely to be locked up for years far away from their families. together with a team of labor lawyers trade experts and data specialists remco broker tries to find out whether a european brands work with chinese companies that directly or indirectly employ north koreans these letters to prove the existence of a significant amount of north korean slave labor in the supply chain of some of the world's leading clothing companies but more than that chinese factories outsource to north korean factories in north korea basically in europe and then in the u.s. we've come to an agreement that we no longer wish to find slave labor or child labor in a supply sense but if you look closer at some of these producers you find that sometimes up to 90 percent of their production does not take place in china. it
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does not take place in the factories where the european and the american all that are sculpted sequitur think this is are these and yes they are in those factories that that's only worth 10 percent of the products as well as the other 90 percent. of korea his team investigated one chinese textile company more closely it's called von dest their list of customers reads like a who's who of international fashion brands the website features a men's jacket next to it it says korean imported the buttons carry a label a money genius. using trade databases brought his team analyzed wrong desks business relations between 20132019 the databases used customs data showing which codes are sent back and forth between companies in different
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countries so in a sense the materials and legs certain types of close doors korea one though they are the subject of the so-called outer and then you have to disclose those clothes are good shipped to say the netherlands or to germany or to america from there this route into our stores between 2013 and december 26th in one day sent around $10000000.00 worth of fabrics and room materials to north korea during the same period from desperate sieved finnish garments worth almost $25000000.00 from north korea. customs classified textiles by so-called h s code we take a closer look at h.s. code 6201 it stands for men's anoraks and jackets like the a money jacket on the website. between 2013 and december 26th
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one dest imported garments worth. $12000000.00 with this code from north korea the same code is also used for deliveries from phone desks to europe and the u.s. among the customers a money. money jackets that look exactly like the one on von desks website can also be bought in europe this one costs 219 euro it can't be proven beyond doubt whether garments like this one are made in north korea but cannot be ruled out we asked the fashion brands a money writes we confirm the phone desk is one of our suppliers and as such is regularly subject to checks and inspections the result of these checks being that no finished products are manufactured in north korea like all our suppliers it's also required to declare which subcontractors it uses and where these are concerned
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it's also the case that none are in north korea we've also contacted von desta in writing the company offered no explanation as to why and to what extent it trades with north korea. one thing can be said for certain well known fashion brands have their goods manufactured by a chinese company that cooperates with north korea a country where workers have no rights where human life counts for nothing. his investigation shows that this is not an isolated incident for years and years we've heard testimony from north korean escapees who are in cars and racing go so they have been forced out of produce textile for export workers i think for the 1st i was then able to corroborate as an external source of the through the testimony in this database. the department of bureaucratic department that is responsible for
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. as saying the production of textiles for was the cause and fashion house aside from that it means that we other only buy clothes produced by forced labor us babies a slave labor we may even buy clothes all 3 are in america that's lost legs in cars and facing cars by people in there for see the light of day again these are the kinds of cancers as you don't leave until your debts that is just too horrific to to prove their worth and reckon pleasants. hundreds of thousands of men and women secretly ensure the survival of the dictatorship their futures a sacrificed for the luxury of the regime and for our prosperity. kim jong un runs his country like a company. his bureau 39 does business with everything
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and everyone. including ups. when if your peons rose and forced them all to cross the crews you from power the new administration aimed for unity through an ambitious program of political reforms. but 2 years on. people in power are asked whether the country's diverse ethnic interests will ever be reconciled. the battle for a sealed up on a. we understand the differences and similarities of cultures across the mountain. center
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matter of. al-jazeera bringing the news and current affairs that matter to. how does the. us present donald trump says he will quarantine as he awaits results for covert 19 ultra close aide tested positive. this is observer live from doha also coming up. armenia and azerbaijan continue to face off in a disputed border region and there are allegations fighters from syria are also involved in the conflict.


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