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tv   [untitled]    September 28, 2020 7:30pm-8:00pm +03

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croce and he's skeptical that the government has any real intention to protect indigenous communities. and when it comes to relations with investors indigenous people are always the ones left defeated he says they like many indigenous communities all over indonesia will never stop fighting to protect their land just to washington al-jazeera to counter. ok let's recap your top stories for you so far today armenian and azerbaijani forces are exchanging fire for a 2nd day in the disputed region often go on a car about deaths of soldiers and civilians are being reported on both sides international community is calling for calm and an immediate cease fire robin frisky walker is following developments from the georgian capital tbilisi they they at least are giving more let's say specific details about the casualties that they
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have sustained we're now at $59.00 confirmed armenian soldiers dead and more than $200.00 wounded and the armenian defense ministry stating that the intensity of the bombardments of areas around martha care town the town of martyr kit is unprecedented we know that armenian civilians in these areas are sheltering underground in bunkers trying to avoid being caught up in this. hundreds of refugees on the greek island of less force or being moved to the mainland the group has been granted asylum after the moira camp was destroyed by a fire earlier this month. you know times reports u.s. president donald trump has paid no tax in 10 of the last 15 years the paper says he avoided taxes by declaring large business losses and i personally own creditors more than 300000000 dollars as the trump has dismissed those reports as news.
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prosecutors of name 6 more saudi nationals as suspects in the killing of the washington post journalist. 20 saudi nationals are already on trial in istanbul the suspects are not in turkey and they're being tried in absentia earlier this month a saudi court jailed 8 people for up to 20 years ashaji was murdered in the saudi consulate in istanbul 2 years ago. the russian opposition leader. says could help mediate a national dialogue that follows another day of mass protests and arrests 2 on sunday demonstrators have been demanding president alexander lukashenko resign after last month's disputed election you can get lots more news on our web site al jazeera dot com tweet me at peta dot be one up next counting the cost i'll have more news for you in 30 minutes see that.
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jordan is counting the cost on al-jazeera you look at the world of business and economics this week brazil has the world's 2nd highest number of coronavirus the economy is in meltdown and groff cases are piling up against the president's family . popularity is on the rise also this week some livestock under threat mexican farmers feel what little water they have is going to be given to the united states. and the battle for the skies a british startup joins up
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a crowded field to develop electric. which could take in the middle of this decade . now from all the headlines you may think that brazil's president jacques both an arrow is having a terrible pandemic his dismissive belligerence saw the virus run. riots with more than 4 and a half 1000000 cases and over 135000 deaths brazil's been hit hard by the virus but support among the poor has seen both tomorrows popularity at its highest level since he took power in 2018 so what's behind his popularity emergency handouts for law salaries due to the pandemic remarkable for a conservative who's of ministration has wanted to smash spending and introduce austerity to cut debt that is heading towards 95 percent of g.d.p. well the budget deficit that's money the government needs to find to finance spending is expected to soar to $180000000000.00 that's according to economist city
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that's 13.7 percent of gross domestic product and the pandemic has sent unemployment soaring to a 2 year high of 12.9 percent and the number of people out of work has risen to 8900000 in the 3 months to may unemployment's expected to tick higher to more than 13 percent. well the economy contracted by 9.7 percent in the 2nd quarter the most in the last 40 years that was better than many had predicted and analysts expect g.d.p. to shrink by about 5 percent for the whole year which is better than every other latin american country except europe why well despite all that both scenarios popularity has risen to mitigate the impact of the coronavirus the poorest in the country have been receiving monthly stimulus payments of about $110.00 but both are narrow continues to be dogged by accusations of graft against his family and in a circle his wife michelle can't explain why
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a former aide put thousands of dollars into her bank account and the president to sideline his market friendly economy minister. so what does that all mean for the country and the economy during these very trying times when the t.v. canuto senior fellow at the policy center for the new south joins me via skype from washington d.c. a t.v. ana so what's behind the rise in both scenarios popularity is it simply that he's managed to look after the poor through these stimulus payments perhaps. the fact is that the in contrast years that president mosul i don't know don't include it in his fact edge to respond to to the growth of crisis really struck a chord in the sense that it 1st of all it to us so special in the sense that it was given higher than what many of the recipients would admire really as an incumbent and saturday it is works to a large extent
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a 5 bit deeper recession resilient case the 1st pass by april places where very dire and you have a map was casting a downfall of close to 9 percent something in the range of 8 to 9 percent. the and the transfers that to the population ended up up a safety for their wage bill that clients and now i'm forgetting are pointing to a decline this session to what minus 5 percent and that together with the narrative that president bush well i don't know cited to adopt that is say to deny that he had major responsibilities. zs the it was a gamble it was a bet and
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a not being young and he's not the only both an r. is not the only president in latin america that seen his popularity rise despite the rising death toll i'm thinking here of mexico's president under his money look as upper build that's exactly so and spite the fact that one is concede your right i mean yes president muslim and the other one more are like a left wing populous and the president of mexico boast a kind of minister who. to distance sellers of any meat your responsibility with respect to the disease. oh that's a lady responsibility only valorous and some national have always said that once responsible for salish a drastic move but it's a restriction that. measures and that a guard he kind of
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a menace to let's say let's fight the clear eyed her vision of responsibility is that some i might give that to the president and meet as a president you was there responsible for her stuff machine the new poster the fact is that the broad expanse the treasure of income has kind of outweighed the negative aspects of my take on a let's quickly talk about some of the internal wranglings within both now as government and he sidelined his economy minister paul o'grady as why did you do that very quickly. because again this is. had i genda a neighbor argenta that my let's say give but some difficulties for poor posada you know his drive towards higher popularity. do have
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a sense that. we can resume with this in the sort of a mid position because so far the fiscal framework has not been abandoned all so still may count on the perspective of add some sort of ground 0 fiscal adjustment over the years. but. only not everything that would get this would like to do it necessary so ok and and and we know that we know that both america has given up on his plans to introduce a social security program he's keeping the plan of former left wing leader lula disembowel why is that very quickly. to the point is that you know the. trasher of money. cash france or give him so much popularity that he's now trying to let's say to become the owner of this will say on
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a more permanent basis not simply because of the question of right 11 has to understand that because of the fires because of in 19 has been a disaster in brazil and everywhere where it is being. and as a disaster as a catastrophe the public sector is called to be ok and insured but but. but there is this attempt to to this desire to create some sort of a more baronet income transfer program beyond the price tag and i think many people would agree that something has to be done to contain the country's runaway debt is there a plan yes i believe that the. existing . cap on public spending 8 if it is
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maintaining if it's but a big if they are really for us that may fizzle the 10 minute obedience to discredit and cat that my provide over time gradually. and i just meant the primary surplus of the public accounts were paid heres question has been down is whether ok it will be possible to implement reforms that will make the spending cap fusible i take on a just a final thought to you of course waiting in the wings is new medicinal via if he can overturn his corruption conviction he could be a familial opponent in 2022 and possibly in local elections next year as well couldn't take well as of today the balls are still pointing to such a polarization. but at the same time it's not
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a phantom body you know the fact is that we are not brazil is not content to have to polarize candid as s. at the forefront there's always a possibility people get tired of such a extremes position as head and edits are taking on a couldn't have been even there thank you very much indeed for talking to count in the cost thank you. nice to talk to you. now drought hit farmers in the mexican state of chihuahua are continuing to occupy a dam saying they want to prevent a water payment to the united states well under 1944 treaty mexico and the u.s. are obligated to share water found along the border between the 2 nations but pharma say they need the resource for their crops money as.
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this dry desert landscape is in the state of chihuahua in northern mexico just south of the u.s. border it hasn't rained much lately and many here are concerned that crops and livestock are under threat is the farmers like but i we got to tell us what little water remains in the region is about to be given to the united states under water sharing treaty signed between the 2 countries during world war 2 it's us on the order of the work of others these are water reserve that we have collected we have to restrain from harvesting more than one crop per year in order to subsist and not run out of water now the government shows up and say they have to pay the united states it isn't true. the issue of water is a boiling hot topic in this part of the country and protests against the decades old water treaty have been growing more and more violent in recent weeks and that it have been mostly lionel's it's a reaction from citizens who are defending their own way water is everyone's heritage water doesn't belong to anyone water is for everyone and for all mexicans
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that is why we're outraged and this reaction from citizens is the result of this anger with the u.s. and mexico signed the water treaty of $944.00 the united states agreed to send more water to mexico than it receives but it still requires mexico to release water from dams along some of the driest parts of the border. at level dam the largest in the state of chihuahua mexican national guard troops are keeping watch farmers recently seized control of the dam and have attacked members of mexico's national water commission who plan to extract water from the reservoir mexico has until october 26th of this year to pay off its water debt with the united states which amounts to some 100000000000 gallons of fresh water and the word of mexico's president has addressed the recent violence but claims water reserves and she are enough to pay both the water debt to the u.s. and supply the needs of farmers in the region the president has also suggested the
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conflict is politically motivated it don't matter don't. they took over the kid dam which was being used to follow through with a commitment to deliver water to the united states under the treaty of 1904 only good but since they had a literal interest this has become a political issues. as the drought in northern mexico worsens a growing number of supporters are joining in the protest against the treaty the hopes are fading 1st aleutian that will guarantee farmers access to the water they say is essential to their survival. below al jazeera mexico city. now water is indispensable to economic activity but industrial use is worsening access to fresh water about 2500000000 people around the world still don't have access to clean water and that in turn is leading to a loss in economic activity water is hugely important not just to the agriculture
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industry but to the fashion auto and mining industry as well when my next guest says the fashion industry is blind to the impact of water pollution kate lam is the global director of water security at not for profit environment consultancy c.d.p. and she joins me from london via skype kate great to have you with us here on counting the cost so listen i mean our desire for cheap fast fashion does indeed have consequences tell us how and why the textile and fashion industries are major water polluters. in the fast fashion and our desire full of constant need for new clothes doesn't cope without its costs the growth in fast fashion has created has risen 2 fold in the last 20 is despite the fact that just global population has risen just 28 percent and when one considers that the weather is the production of the cotton or the fibers that are used within and within fashion within fabrics themselves account for more than 10 percent of all industrial
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freshwater withdrawals on the planet at around 79 best 29000000000 cubic meters of fresh water that withdrawn every single year fed into that of course and the large number of toxic chemicals that are used right across the fashion and the apparel sector supply chains a lot of those chemicals are in the themselves cost of the genny and when $1.00 considers that around 85 percent of all industrial waste water and leave sites untreated that means they're large a portion of those chemicals also leaking into the environment posing a threat substantial threat not only to environmental health but human health all sam and i can understand why big brands would want to show their support for environmental issues but what responsibility do we have as consumers especially when it comes to our demand for cheap fashion. we have a really large role to play the brands themselves listen to us and ultimately
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result respond to the demand that we place on them we are there the sort of the solution held is if you like and so i mending our desire for constant changing and includes it will really deliver a significant impact often individuals will consider whether the role that they play will be significant and i can absolutely say with confidence 'd that on this issue it will and so the things that we can do all be used clothes a little bit more perhaps engaging swapping clothes with our friends consider mending and repairing the clothes that we already do have and think about the the fabrics that our clothes and our of them materials are made of leather for example the leather in all kinds of bags our shoes ultimately comes from town was always have a significant impact on the environment whether that's freshwater withdrawal of pollution g.h.t. emissions land convey zhen de forest station if we can consider how we use that
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material how we treasure that measure and look after those materials ensure that we can use them for a longer period of time then we have a significant role i can't just talk about the comic has for a 2nd because the auto industry we know is pushing to deliver more electric cars as some countries will and the sale of combustion engines by i think it's 2035 so we're going to need a lot more lithium now the problem with mining is that water is really critical to who aspects of production so and we know there are serious strains on water resources already on that's right yes it is a very significant sector full water security in general and the sector is intimately connected with the water cycle itself indeed of the companies that were responding to c.d.p. in 21995 percent of them reported exposure 'd to substantially real water related risks that would generate major changes in their business and indeed the push for. electric vehicles is welcome from a climate change chichi emission perspective it really is
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a good news story however it is coming at a cost and as you rightly point out the introduction itself is incredibly water intensive and poses substantial of challenges for the communities that often live and it's surrounded by the mines themselves great to get your thoughts thank you for talking to counting the cost thank you thank you gary and now the race is on to launch the 1st electric 5 c. to air taxi service there are at least 20 companies working on similar plans including air bus and boeing where you may remember one german startup lilium that we featured on this program it launched the world's 1st electric 5 seater flying car and it has the backing of china's 10 cent among others its development program is more advanced than an google's larry page the vehicle is built to take off and land vertically in an urban area and should be in service by 2025 and now there's a new entrant bristol england based vertical aerospace plans to have
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a winged electric taxi service a year earlier than william and it's backed by steven fitzpatrick who also founded the energy firm over well chief executive officer of vertical aerospace group my coach of inca joins us now via skype from bristol and michael used to work on a flying taxi concept for rolls royce the maker of airplane engines michael great to have you with us so look an awful lot of money is being poured into moving just a handful of people through the air why is that. so thanks very much for having me well actually i think there's a few factors today more and more people are living in cities we're all struggling with ground based congestion helicopters currently the only real way of taking off and landing vertically from a small landing pad but they're very old technology most helicopters actually derived from 1960 s. technology they're very expensive they're very noisy they're not very safe and so they're not really viable as a as a broader so transportation solution what we're seeing with electric ation and the
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advances in technology is the potential for a new types of vehicles that can really disrupt this market so whilst they may need carry 4 or 5 people actually we can develop a vehicle is 30 times quiet and helicopter chiefs the same level of safety is a commercial airliner and does that in a in a cost that actually starts to become affordable and michael is there enough room in the market for 20 odd ventures and do you see many of these players just falling away and actually if you look around there are many more than 20 trying to develop vehicles you know this is a bit like the space race of aviation going on and actually when you've got the background and knowledge you look at many of the concepts being devised and pretty pictures and they're not really realistic gallery space is in fact one of only 7 companies globally to playing to full scope prototypes and i think there's
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a massive difference between being able to come up with a pretty picture of us is knowing how to take that through a full set of occasion standage and deliver a commercially viable product so my personal view is that there is certainly space in this market for several play as but we'll see a big fall out and it's probably going to be way less than 10 that actually is successful yeah and much of this of course michael is driven by money so do you have enough funding to see you through to 2024 when you expect your service to actually fly. we're actually doing a capital raise at the moment we've been incredibly lucky in that we were founded by successful entrepreneur stephen fitzpatrick and so he's fully funded the company so far that's enabled us to grow to well class team of over 100 people and as i say develop those 2 full scale prototypes we've now radio reach the point where we need to accelerate what we're doing and of course to develop a commercially viable 'd wakil we're a pushing the boundaries of technology and we've got
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a huge amount of testing to go through so that right now we are in the middle of a cap to raise looking for about $30000000.00 to fund our next prototype and the intent once we play in that is to extend that fundraise from to about 150160 1000000 to take us all the way through certification so so just talk us through briefly michael what's the biggest challenge to developing a flying car is it batteries for instance and what's coming down the line that could improve the range and weight of batteries. and so actually one of the challenges is just taking these big goals for a set of vacation program and hitting those you know demanding safety targets is essential to am having you know lots of potential for lots of these bagels flying over our heads in cities and batteries are definitely the major driver site and pass the reason why these because the starting to happen is automated has really been pushing the bounds of technologies on batteries on how to pound trains so mage's it better is a septra but the reality today is batteries are just about on the limits of
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developing a vehicle that can fly high tens maybe a 100 miles can carry 5 people can meet the safety standards and do that it is at a price point that styles viable so it's a really in terms of batteries we're seeing you know a steady improvement today typically 34 percent weight improvements every year and they're awesome disruptive technologies being looked at but i think we're not going to see a step change until at least the back end of this decade before they start to come through and i guess many people will be asking the question when would all of this technology be available to power knowledge or regional jets along the whole services so say that the simple reality is a pure electric power outage regional all along will jetties not wobble with any of the technologies we see on the horizon and but i think there is still a real opportunity for electrification to play a role in helping improve the sustainability of law drakkar often and in fact very
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much the purpose of our company was to help aerospace on that journey not just to focus on a smaller aircraft so so we will see hybrid type solutions which still require burning of fuel and that maybe hydrogen or sustainable fuels in conjunction with some level of battery and hybrid electric power to improve the efficiency of the vehicles regional actor out probably the back end of the 2020 s long haul is a county going to be well in 2030 s. an important point to make about hydrogen then michael because i was going to ask you as a final thought what about us because we know the plane maker has been under pressure from france and germany airbus hopes to have a hydrogen powered jet in the sky sometime in the next decade so actually from the engine point of view many of the engines that are flying around today kate balut burning hydrogen the challenge is more firstly the acrobat itself so hydrogen is very light but it takes up 4 times as much basis kerosene so you need to really
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have much bigger tanks in a different type of aircraft hence the kind of concept versus announced recently there's a big cost driver and of course this is education and the wider infrastructure so how do you produce hydrogen economically at scale and in environmental magnitude a lot of hydrogen production is actually derived from also pills and so really those kind of economic and industrial challenges a part of the journey that you know we're going to need to go on to detail denies aviation michael to think of great to get your thoughts thank you very much for talking to counting the cost thank you thank you and that is our show for this week but remember you can get in touch with us via twitter or use the hash tag a j c t c when you do all you can drop us an e-mail counting the cost of al-jazeera dot net is our address but there's more for you online at al-jazeera dot com slash c t c and that'll take you straight to our page which has anti episodes for you to catch up on well that's it for this edition of counting the cost i'm down in jordan
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from the whole team here thanks for joining us the news announcer sarah is next. it's a long journey from home in haiti to school in the dominican republic crossing national borders and cultural barriers to tell his son but not the time in. discovering filmmaking talent from around the viewfinder latin america but as a young man who will stop at nothing to secure an education. the crossing on al-jazeera. god of the classroom most always on the long haul we are the while
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traveling the extra mile where all the media don't go we go there and we give them a chance to tell their story. many and i suppose on the forces fights over the disputed territory over going to cut about for a 2nd day both sites are reporting casualties. come on peter w. watching al-jazeera live from a headquarters here in doha also coming up. the straight news story to shake news media.

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