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tv   newsgrid  Al Jazeera  February 5, 2018 6:00pm-7:00pm +03

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entries that open your eyes. at this time on al-jazeera. to read or every man. returns to activism with a new mission everything like. build software for social. dissidents within the technological. to get secured communications when they're. kept. out of the record. this time on al-jazeera. this is al-jazeera and live from studio fourteen. welcome to the news syria on two fronts tonight one is the united nations in new
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york where the security council is about to discuss the issue of chemical weapons once again while back at home and in the countries surrounding syria there are a few as refugees will be sent back even while the war carries on. also on the grid the man whose bribery scandal brought down a president walks free samsung's vice chairman. was detained for nearly a year but a south korean appeals court has suspended his corruption sentence and people not happy about that and imagine a thousand men leaving one country every day in search of work well actually that country is nepal and while there remittances a vital to the economy they were the risks and abuses that these workers fights. two hundred sixty five girls sexually assaulted by the same man. former team doctor larry nasser was just handed his final so. he will spend more than two hundred
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years in jail i'm leah harding connect that's the hash tag to. go with the news grid live on air and streaming online through you tube facebook live and down to zero dot com and out of syria there is a disturbing reports that president bashar al assad's forces may have used chlorine gas again it apparently happened in it live province which is controlled by the rebels this video from activists shows people being washed and treated in the town of sirte october i say there was a foul smell after a raid by government jets news of this incident comes less than a week after a suspected chlorine attack by assad's forces that one was in rebel held eastern huta now they're expected to discuss this at the united nations sometime in this hour and our diplomatic editor james bates is at that meeting presently we will
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speak to him a little bit later on once we have some news out of bash the other issue though to deal with as you know this war going on for almost seven years and in that time almost half of syria's population has been displaced with millions forced to leave their homeland now there is concern that some of the countries hosting syrian refugees may send them home even if the conflict is still going on the warning comes from the norwegian refugee council these are some numbers which i got right off their web page actually six million people displaced just within the country and another five million plus in neighboring arab countries then the extra million or so who fled to europe you've got all those numbers but then look at this for every syrian who returned home last year three more were newly displaced so the idea of sending people home whilst a war carries on as you can see just from that slide there is fundamentally flawed . well yeah going to is the united nations humanitarian advisor on syria he's also
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the secretary general of the norwegian refugee council he spoke to us a little earlier the pressure across the middle east and in europe and elsewhere is . syrian refugees now you should return this is the time to go back and not consulting them not informing them and especially not looking at the real conditions in syria we the humanitarian organizations that are on the ground in syria and in the neighboring countries we call this report dangerous grounds for the simple reason that these women children and men have to be informed of the conditions and we have to assure that it is voluntary when they go back and then we have to assist and protect the return and there is more from young eglinton al jazeera dot com he's written an opinion piece based on this report will twenty
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eighteen be the year of return to syria is what he asks obviously it is in the opinion section but it's also on the front page out of syria dot com today nice and easy for you to find and here is our report from on the ground they know how to who's in the bekaa valley with this update. aid agencies are warning that syrians should not be forced to return to syria because the situation there is is still one of war and it is not safe it's still dangerous and it's not just that they're saying that these refugees have nothing to return to homes have been destroyed there is no civilian infrastructure cities have been reduced to rubble so it is too early for them to return these aid agencies saying that the governments are pressuring these refugees who ask them they'll tell you that we know we're not welcome here for example in lebanon and it's not just in lebanon there is this growing anti refugee sentiment across the world so of course people want to return but some of the really have no choice even if they have homes even if it is safe there wanted by the government for example and there's also another issue there's
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an issue where the government has moved people tens of thousands of people from one area to another and their homes are now taken by other families families that are loyal to the government so there is no really plan on how these people are supposed to return and aid agencies warning governments to not send them back now it is just too early. we want to save zone to return to otherwise where do they want us to go back to do they want us to die if we go back will be able to there's nowhere safe there's only death. there are no proper living conditions imagine if i need to take my children to a doctor there are no health centers there is no life there i'm afraid of the day when they kick us out of here let's bring in sami now they're now who's the director of the levant institute for strategic affairs he's live in beirut and we thank you for your time so let's deal with first of all in syria this latest apparent chemical weapons attack actually just the broader issue of chemical
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weapons it's extraordinary really that it is still an issue isn't it this was supposed to be a red line for the united states they tried disarming clearly it hasn't worked and then the u.n. is going to sit down and talk about it again today to talk about something that's just not happening. yes definitely that. agreement chemical agreement that has been side between to get on towards russia and the united states of america is not respected at all and actually one party is using it as a bargaining chip today because we are seeing war of words speak between russia accusing america of providing opposition was portable america accusing that russia of letting that. uses chemical weapons so all evidence are coming up coming by the days that chemical weapon use clearly port has been
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issued talking about new types of chemical weapons that. assad regime is using yes i mean all love and we can say that this agreement that was signed in two thousand and fourteen has not been respected at all and it's all just political in the end i know it's very easy to say that any decisions or anything that happens is quote unquote politically motivated but it's basically because those security council members and the big players in syria county agree that chemical weapons her a bad thing. yes and what i mean a bit cynical that. crimes that are committed through chemical weapons are kind of britain and are ethical and against. international law why all the other crimes that are used through classic arms are
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kind of allow are and are not subject to any kind of investigation and are not subject to any appearance in front of the international criminal court but this is that cynicism that is prevailing at the international scene unfortunately and now the big problem is that we are trying to push these sort of free g.'s inside syria and this is the justification that major. regional powers advancing wide condition for a safe returns are not are not in place so it's more a deportation of refugees than a safe return of refugees let's keep in mind that the number one condition for its safe return is to secure safe zones and save zones this is an empty word
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unfortunately in syria it has been like now five years that the international community is trying to put into place or talking about safe zones in syria which is the number one condition for a safe return and this is not in place yet yes that has been talks of the escalation zone but these this even the escalation zone are not the reality on the ground what we're seeing in the ground is a battles are continuing are going on in. and in the talks even is that i am jumps into the scene saying that the iranian regime is putting in place a large system of of besides with all the threats in the place how how one can talk about the safe return of syrian refugees into their
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homeland so now as it is presented is more to deport patient than a safe return a decent safety here and for a different well put something out of joining us from beirut thank you so much for your thoughts whilst we're still talking syria here it is happening at the united nations now the focus of this meeting in new york you see the high representative there for disarmament affairs and as i understand this is a regular i think a monthly mazing that they do actually have to report back on the disarmament of syria and its chemical weapons and it just sort of coincides that we have had this news of another potential chemical attack in its labor province i have a quick listen in just for a while we are currently being analyzed by two p.c. wu designated in the board series the executive council will be informed of the results of this inspection by
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a separate note to the next session of the executive council from the director general mr president distinguished members of the council the o.p.c. w. fact finding mission f.m. continues to look into all of the gay sions of the use of chemical weapons in syria the majority of which involved the use of toxic chemicals such as clawing in areas not under the control of the government the f.m. xpect to submit a report on these allegations very soon. in addition another if if empty has been looking into allegations of the use of chemical weapons and brought to the attention of the or b. c w by the government of syria at the time of our last briefing an f f m team was in damascus at the invitation of the government to look into
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several of these allegations i am informed that a report in disregard is also pending mr president distinguished members of the council. there is still work to do before resolution twenty one eighteen can be considered to have been fully implemented and for the international community to have shared confidence that the chemical weapons programs of the syrian arab republic has been fully eliminated. moreover and gay sions of the use of chemical weapons in syria have continued including only does past weekend into town of sarah cab this makes abundantly clear of continuing and collective responsibility to ensure that those responsible are held to account new reports spite if f.m.
quote
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are pending should they conclude that they are they have been the use or likely use of chemical weapons in any of those and the alleged incidents obligation to enact a meaningful response will be further intensive fight it is my hope and the hope of the sector general that such a response will favor unity not impunity as always the obvious for disarmament affairs stands ready to provide whatever support and assistance it can thank you very much for intention. so you then i commit so i will be on the. line now give the floor to those council members who wish to make statements i give the floor to the distinguished representative of the united states. thank you mr president thank you as in me for your briefing the news out of syria this morning
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is following a troubling pattern there are reports of yet another chemical weapons attack on sunday victims of what appears to be chlorine gas or pouring into hospitals a few things have horrified my country and the world as much as the assad regime's use of chemical weapons against its people this council has been outspoken on ending syria's use of chemical weapons and yet they continue under the chemical weapons convention and the security council resolution two one one eight the assad regime's obligations are clear it must immediately stop using of chemical weapons it must address the gaps in consistencies in its chemical weapons convention declaration and it must destroy all of its remaining chemical weapons under the supervision of the organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons
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these are worthy goals these are urgent goals and yet we've spent much of last year and this council watching one country protect the assad regime's use of chemical weapons by refusing to hold them responsible so what do the american people see what do people of all countries see they see a council that can't agree to take action even after the investigative mechanism created by this council found that the assad regime used chemical weapons. now we have reports that the assad regime has used chlorine gas against its people multiple times in recent weeks including just yesterday there is obvious evidence from dozens of victims so we proposed a security council press statement condemning these attacks so far russia has delayed the adoption of the statement a simple condemnation of syrian children
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being suffocated by chlorine gas i hope russia takes the appropriate step to adopt this text showing the council is unified in condemning chemical weapons attacks accountability is a fundamental principle but it's just the first step our goal must be to end the use of these evil unjustifiable weapons when actions have consequences when perpetrators are identified and putt punished we come closer to reaching our goal but if we can't even take the first step of establishing accountability for chemical weapons use we have to seriously ask ourselves why we are here the requirements for establishing accountability for chemical weapons use have not changed since this council voted unanimously to create the joint investigative mechanism in two thousand and fifteen they have not changed since russia acted alone to kill that mechanism last year such
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a mechanism must be independent and impartial it must be free of politics it must be controlled by experts not politicians or diplomats and it must be definitive the latest russian draft resolution does not meet any of these criteria. russia's draft resolution completely ignores the findings of the gym which was an investigation that russia supported until the investigators found assad regime to be responsible that should already be enough to make us skeptical but there are other deep problems for their new investigation russia wants to be able to cherry pick the investigators it wants to insert unnecessary and arbitrary investigative standards and it wants the security council to be able to review all of the findings of this investigation and decide what makes it into the final report that
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is not an impartial mechanism it is a way to whitewash the findings of the last investigation that russia desperately wants to bury no one should believe that this draft resolution is a good basis for discussion when it is designed to undermine our core principles on chemical weapons we cannot hope to end the use of chemical weapons if those who use them as scape the consequences of their actions. and so while we regret the need for its creation we applaud the efforts of france to launch the international partnership against impunity for the use of chemical weapons this is yet another way to hold accountable the assad regime and any group who uses chemical weapons the united states has also announced that we will contribute to the international impartial and independent mechanism on international crimes committed in syria the triple i am the united states strongly supports the triple i am as
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a valuable tool to hold the assad regime accountable for its atrocities including its repeated and ongoing use of chemical weapons. it's a true tragedy that russia has sent us back to square one in the effort to end chemical weapons use in syria but we will not cease in our efforts to know the truth of the assad regime and ensure that the truth is known and acted on by the international community that is why we hosted all fifteen members of this council at the u.s. holocaust museum last week the exhibit was called syria please don't forget us all of us saw undeniable evidence of the assad regime's atrocities and human rights violations we cannot and should not forget the syrian people the united states will not forget them while this council has not yet been able to act to
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provide real accountability for chemical weapons use in syria the united states will not give up on the responsibility to do so. this is the sincere wish of the american people and i know that is shared by many in this council we are not motivated by score settling or payback or power politics we are motivated by the urgent need to end the unique and horrible suffering chemical weapons inflict on innocent men women and children of syria the syrian people are counting on us thank you it's good and due to the other end of the anyhow i think that the truth of that make you happy there the u.s. ambassador to the united nations the first of many speakers at this meeting and to discuss the disarmament of syria and its chemical weapons listening along with us was james bay is a diplomatic editor nice to see you james the. head of the committee at the start
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said there is still a lot to do and i think that's probably an understatement when it comes to this resolution can you give us a bit of background as to the whole process that is going on here. well the first thing to tell you kemal is you weren't supposed to see this meeting originally this monthly meeting was going to happen behind closed doors what they call here in consultations in a room to the side of the main security council chamber that's where they have their closed meetings it was pressure from nikki haley that forced this to be in open session the russians didn't like that i was told by a russian diplomat they didn't like that but they didn't oppose it because if they'd opposed it there'd been a vote on procedure which they almost certainly would have lost because there are no vetoes and procedure votes you have a lot of complicated terminology there there's the investigations going on into chemical weapons the so-called o.p.c. w which is the international organization based in the hague that looks at this spill as its special monitoring missions which look into what is going on what is
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no longer in place is the other thing you heard referred to which is the jim the joint investigation mission that was something that was set up by the o.p.c. and the u.n. not just to examine whether there had been the use of chemical weapons but to apportion blame all of the security council signed on to the existence of this jim but then it came up with its found findings it found that eisel had used chemical weapons but it also fired on a number of occasions the syrian government had used chemical weapons bringing us to the point of accountability and action against the assad regime it's at that point that the russians decided they were no longer going to support this joint investigation mechanism and decided not to renew it and so that bind the scenes the controversy in the security council which means that council can to condemn or individual members can condemn what's going on in syria but take absolutely no action whatsoever for now and as we heard from nikki hey there can choose to make
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it well mostly about russia but it sounds of things. absolutely condemnation of russia for not allowing this accountability mechanism to continue and not allowing there to be any accountability now the russians have come up with a new security council draft for a new version of the jim most of the council members see that as a watered down version and a version that will allow the syrian government to get away with the cases they've already been found guilty of so that's why this is such a serious issue certainly before the start of the meeting we heard from the french ambassador francois laughter as you heard there the french have started a new international mission to try and get accountability on chemical weapons he said the whole of thora t. of the u.n. security council's state we also heard from the dutch ambassador carol the storeroom he is a dutch ambassador and that is the seat of the o.p.c. w.
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the organization that governs the convention on chemical weapons and he made the point that one of the most important things the world to done in recent years was banned chemical weapons all of that is currently being undermined that was his point thank you james bays our diplomatic editor at the united nations there little bit of breaking news to bring you this refers to our lead story last night which was about the political unrest in the mall days we now have a state of emergency that has been declared in that indian ocean nation after troops around of parliament following days of unrest you might remember this opposition m.p.'s had filed a motion to impeach for senior government figures that included the defense minister and the attorney general as well and all that came from a supreme court ruling over the release and retrial of political prisoners so short story is that we now have a state of emergency in place as a result of that was a vote of no confidence and in an attempt to a peach by opposition members it would appear that the military is now attempting
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to take control of that one we will keep a close eye on it and bring you the latest. ok let's move to iraq now where u.s. troops since started to pull out the iraqi government spokesman says the partial drawdown begun after it declared victory of ice a last year he added soldiers who stayed will be used for training in consultation u.s. forces have supported iraq's fight against us all since twenty four tane off we go to washington d.c. is kimberly how to talk us through this one kimberly just put it in perspective first of all because when we hear u.s. troops in iraq while we can go right back to two thousand and three there what sort of numbers were we talking about in this fight against deisel. well what we know is that there were roughly five thousand that were working alongside iraqi forces to defeat eisel training advising mainly. appears that roughly four thousand of those
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now being repose in leaving in terms of soldiers equipment etc to afghanistan because it's the u. of the united states and that is where those resources need to be with about one thousand remaining now why is this happening well of course you we know that there is the donor's conference that will be taking place every twelve to fourteenth in kuwait that will be focused on rebuilding in iraq and it is the view of the united states that essentially it's time to with that in mind pivot the resources to areas where things are less stable kabul obviously has had some trouble in recent weeks of course been a number of high profile attacks not only the intercontinental hotel but also a military academy a hospital and there has been a number of signals from the united states in terms of finger pointing of who may be behind that their feeling but at the same time when it comes to iraq the feeling is that things are contained we heard from the president as state of the union he felt that for the most part i saw had been defeated but the same can't be true if i
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still in afghanistan and so that's it appears why the u.s. is making these calculations and moves politically it is always a good thing if you can as a president or a ministration say we're bringing troops home isn't it sort of iraq's going on so long and and president trump is trying to say hey look in the last year or so it's all six managed to get rid of. well certainly and there are significant gains that have made in been made in terms of the u.s. partnership in iraq and and also in syria but not in afghanistan in fact just the opposite. it's certainly could be argued that despite the u.s. efforts of partnerships there that the u.s. has really been unable to stop both the taliban as well as isolate in those areas so we see the number of small things adding up to the sort of larger strategy that we're talking about right now i mean of course we had the president talking in august saying that he would be putting an additional four thousand troops but when you look at the numbers of troops and so on the troops taken office in afghanistan
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those numbers of actually doubled that we had the vice president there in december air force base in a surprise visit pointing the finger at pakistan saying this is a concern and we've also had donald trump in recent weeks saying look at there aren't going to be any peace talks right now with the taliban because of the uptick in violence in his words a lot of innocent people getting killed there is no question that the u.s. sees this as volatile they see this is pivotal and that's why we're seeing these moves of course the u.s. donald trump said specifically we're not going to telegraph these moves and that's why we've not seen a formal announcement but at the same time this is being widely reported and top pentagon officials not to deny it when we asked them directly thanks can believe. in washington d.c. . ok forgive me it's been a busy old yes hello i should have just looked up there and seen you tell her yeah we're going off to togo today you know that it's bit off the grid but something that we've been covering for months so public employees now have joined
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a protest in togo by going on strike and they're calling also for the president to step down those thousands protested over the weekend in the largest gathering since the protests began five months ago health care workers teachers and government employees on strike are also demanding that the government pay them more. is from togo and as a human rights advocate she's a prominent voice online that comes to togo is politics and sent us this earlier the people of togo have the most treated they have resilience and he wants to change the past couple of months the ruling government has tried to dismantle the unity of the opposition they have a rest said many political activism leaders and we have enjoyed lot of repression in persecution but despite all of that we are still standing strong demanding the end of the all this misery regime in africa the harvest of thousands of people who have been protesting in many cities in togo as showing how courageous the at in the
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how did so mean the to see the end of this it's a ship in total and all the political parties are looking at ways to enter a dialogue with the ruling governments we in this is the sites you will keep fighting and mobilizing resources to demand the end of the ruling regime in total we want change and that's all we are asking for. the hash tag togo is rising is trending in the country along with the hash tag for our mess go in reference to the president now tokyo is the only country in west africa that does not hear to presidential term limits than the sing the family has been at the helm of the country for fifty years and sing they had them out was president for thirty eight years he died in two thousand and five and then his son for missing they took over now gone and guinea are met at mediating talks with togo on reforming the constitution to limit presidential term limits those talks are scheduled to start next week on feb fifteenth many of been arrested detained and killed since the
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demonstrations calling for shorter term limits began last year now we have a great deal of information on our page if you search for togo on al-jazeera dot com if you're in togo and you'd like to contribute to some of these pieces we do here on news grid we would love to hear from you you can get in touch with me directly or use our hash tag a.j. news great come all. stick around because we've got another developing story i want to get your opinion on just shortly but we're going to go back to our breaking news in the mold aides and speak to once again john aide mohammed it's been two in the last couple of days a journalist that mole days independent he's joining us via skype from mali what more can you tell us about the state of emergency genetic. legal affairs minister the presence of police and the attorney general just moments ago declared and a state of emergency for fifteen is this state of emergency includes the suspension of about twenty right sentient is in the constitution of the country as well as the
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criminal procedures act which has been suspended and total and fourteen articles still in thought. act now this is a significant part of the education act which has everything to do with how judges are supposed to operate in the country including article title and fourteen not to go to a specific legal. consensus that jones can be understand including justices of the supreme court tonight thank you for keeping us up to date with this story i'm sure we're going to be talking to you again as the evening progresses thank you. now to another developing story i was talking about before u.s. gymnastics in the last few minutes a court has handed down a final sentencing for larry nasser you remember him the former team doctor who is accused of sexually abusing more than two hundred sixty girls at this point he'd already been sentenced to up to one hundred seventy five years in prison we've got
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john hendren now joining us live from chicago to talk through this one what's the latest would john on this final sentencing. kemal today was the last day in a long journey for larry nasser he was sentenced to forty two one hundred twenty five years in prison that's the third sentence he's received the first sentence for child pornography was sixty years the second sentence for child molestation and multiple cases was up to one hundred seventy five years of the grand total for larry nasser's three hundred sixty years in prison one reason the judge did that is she wanted to make sure that there was no possibility of parole no possibility that he would ever appear outside of a prison again and that was after an extraordinary number of victim impact statements well over one hundred fifty in the last two cases the victims came one after another and at the end of the day here before he was sentenced and nasser
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said the words of everyone and their parents have impacted me to my innermost core he said he acknowledged that what he feels pales in comparison to what his victims felt but he went on to say it is impossible to convey how sorry he is where we had a number of statements from the victims in those cases and a few of them were words of hope for nasser as he moves on in his prison life but most of them condemned him and were entirely unforgiving of the hundreds and hundreds of women hundreds of acts that he is accused of participating in john would tell me briefly about the impact this is had not just on u.s. gymnastics as a sport but the olympic movement there the top level sporting movements there must be probably looking at themselves a little bit more now. yeah weeks before the winter olympics kick off this is really done major damage done damage to all the organizations that nasser
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has been involved in first of all that the head of us age of nasty he quit about ten months ago and then during the last trial a week or two ago you had a number of people who were at the top of usa gymnastics three i believe also resign and then the head of michigan state university where he also worked resigned after calls for hort her resignation she had initially said she would not step down and now there's a lot of heat on the usa olympic committee they've already had to shut down the texas ranch where these gymnast train because they said they were haunted by it because that's where a lot of the abuse took place and it's probably within the olympic committee that we're likely to see continued repr cautions out outside of court there will also be civil cases this is not over for larry nasser in fact in the case where he was sentenced today he was also asked to give to pay back the women for their suffering it is doubtful that there is much left in his coffers so those women will likely go
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after organizations like the usa olympics committee so we're going to be hearing a lot about this larry nasser case even though the sentences come down for him john hendren the jakarta thank you john. the at samsung electronics j. wiley has been freed from prison a south korean court suspended his five year jail term for bribing the disgraced former presidents the appeals court upheld parts of the conviction but used its discretion to release the executive and many south koreans shocked by the ruling as the talks are going to end reports now from seoul j.y. lee was smiling as he walked out of a small courtroom out of jail and back to his life as vice chairman of samsung electronics. after a year in prison an appeals court freed him and dismissed most of the corruption charges against him. i think if you can get out.
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for economic reasons overall i think it was a good decision. lisa as he's used his time in jail to reflect. on the former again i feel very sorry to everyone for not showing my best side and it has been a really precious time for year reflecting on myself the first thing he did after being released was visit his father in hospital he's been incapacitated for three years prosecutors say it was leased strategy to succeed his father as chairman of samsung electronics that got him in trouble. he's one character of many in south korea's largest corruption scandal in recent memory. it led to millions of koreans protesting and the impeachment of president park geun hey last year prosecutors say lee paid or promised to pay forty million dollars to approve a merger of two samsung units he considered that important to
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a succession. oh many people got angry about these political economic ties and you know the political power of the president to use it to a personal advantage and the economy powar always homes and used to kind the opportunity to take the personal advantage or at the coastal korean so many hoped lease conviction last year would usher in a new era of accountability for big corporations and politicians now some are wondering if once again it's simply business as usual you need to come as home. this is by the lower court and the epic court are so different i'm not sure what is good or bad but yeah i'm suspicious about how the decision can be so different lea's lawyer say they'll launch an appeal to dismiss the remaining charges against
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their client now people are looking at the developments at least case and wondering how it will impact former president ha she's in jail and in the midst of a corruption trial of her own a verdict is expected in the coming months natasha going to ayman al jazeera so. so just before we speak to our guest i want to do a bit of connecting the dots here on how jay wiley is connected to the fall of south korea's last president as this is the back story isn't it gotten for graphic here from al-jazeera dot com to take you through it this man here first will e.j. on he is samsung's chief so it's not a while himself but this is the samsung connection here not directed not directed not connected directly to park geun hye but connected to this woman down here choice soon still now what's happened is along this line has been bribery between samsung and choi soon sil who is connected to part going to her because she is a very close confidant and an advisor so and i've drawn all over the probably looks
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a whole lot more complicated now but it is a little bit of a web there and if you want to have a look at this for yourself then please do the in parchment or the impeachment of park geun the hague in this you'll find that al-jazeera dot com search for park geun hye is i've been forced to cancel now honoree senior research fellow in modern career at leeds university to talk us through some of this he's joining us via skype from exeter in the u.k. is it a as our reporter was mentioning at the end of her report there. a loss for the new administration in south korea and this sort of hope that they would be some transparency and that things would go right with big business now when this man now walks free. i think that may be true i should say that i've only just come on line i'm afraid i didn't hear on for probably your preceding report that cessna laith the bulk there of a well meaning bulk of commentary both in the south korean media and though the
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c.b.s. seems to see it that way i wonder if this is a little bit hasty maybe a bit contrarian he hath after all south korea is a democracy if there are two years of democracy the courts are a lot more independent than they used to be though i don't deny that they are politically acutely sensitive shall we say and i guess it is unfortunate to say the least that the j. young who is the de facto boss of some son has been had his sentence reduced even though he's still found guilty of at least one of the charges by three but we really have to see i mean there are many other fish in the corporate sea there are many other chaebol big conglomerates moon j. in another part of the forest he's empowered a body called the fair trade commission which is pretty toothless until now which has or has has ways of cracking down so you know one one swallow i'm going to give a reverse problem for once for they doesn't make
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a summer i wouldn't write off corporate reform in south korea just yet but what about samsung itself i wouldn't suggest for a second that people are suddenly going to stop buying samsung phones and and televisions and the like but the brand takes a bit of a battering and it's an important brand in south korea. that's true and it's a much more i mean it's an important brand worldwide but i guess most of us know it or most people outside korea know the electronics side because something electronics is the flagship phones chips much else besides they is a whole lot else is south korea but it was times are actually going through it but will the brand be hit i mean there seems to be a disconnect for a long time now at least a decade between the company and their powering on technologic case something electronic his latest results even with the leader he only in the clink were pretty good governance i mean that somehow electronics and a number of other samsung subsidiaries but not all are publicly quoted companies
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because shareholders who if they so chose. could could act in perhaps in the way to to to improve governance but they seem to just actually let it be a lot i suppose is the slightly depressing side so i think in south korea there's a kind of weary cynicism if you like some people you know say this is this is the economy we've got you know it is twenty percent of exports exports still crucial to the economy overall so it's kind of a bit of a plusa shoulder all the sort of a new fresh dental something i don't think are always a pleasure thank you for your time thank you nepal is a country of nearly thirteen million people but incredibly more than a thousand men leave every day in search of employment the money they earn in other countries and then send home is vital to the economy but many are also being exploited in face abuse violence and corruption sabina stressed that as the story from katmandu. attachment is its national airport this is what happens every day
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sixteen hundred people mostly young men leave the politics work and gulf countries in malaysia with an unemployment rate hovering around forty percent many of the police say they have no choice but to leave the country and many fall into the traps of unscrupulous middlemen but in the time i went to qatar to work in the food and beverage industry he failed a medical test in nepal but the local agents told him that they would fix it the cost of his trip including flights and bribes added up to twenty five hundred dollars but when he reached qatar he had to do the tests again it just right after they did the tests they sent me back i ended up with no job and debts but other lurches the middle been paid off in a party officials including airport authorities the commerce department of foreign employment received more than two thousand complaints from neighbors during the last fiscal year these include everything from nonpayment of salaries for all its
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illegal ways auctions exorbitant fees and these are called and sexual abuses by foreign employment agency and middleman and according to government figures seven hundred fifty five parties died while working abroad. each worker has to deposit fifty dollars to the government for the employment before they leave but even employment agencies say that the money has not been spent on those who need it whereas. with this process the recruitment agencies have deposited more than fifty million dollars in the fund we can do so much for the workers but the government is not using this pond properly but government officials say it's up to the ministry of labor to decide who gets compensated and. we can use the funds for compensating workers who've gone through legal channels with the recruiting agencies registered with us you can't hold many other workers even if we wanted to the ministry of labor has to make the right policy and decide on how to use that
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money. the pulse of foreign workers said back six billion dollars this past year alone which amounts to almost a third of the country's g.d.p. experts say the government has to have better regulations of the sector to ensure that the laborers are safe instead many have accused politicians and bureaucrats with close ties to the industry of collusion with agents and middlemen to defraud workers swedish russia al-jazeera government do want to take you through some of those numbers again quickly at least two million nepalese are working abroad in the first place that's a base number but it is increasing every year and twenty fourteen more than half a million work permits were issued to nepalese seeking employment outside the country up from two hundred thousand jobs seekers who applied for the papers to work in two thousand and eight ninety five percent of those who leave are men most of them find during the finding labor work in malaysia and gulf countries salaries ranging from almost two hundred to nine hundred dollars
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a month last year their workers sent home six billion dollars which adds up to a subpoena was saying thirty percent of the policy we've got richard howard with us director of the the international labor organization country office for nepal via skype from katmandu nice to have you with us does the governor to be needed to be more transparent here the end of sabina's report was talking about some accusations of actually colluding with some of the middlemen but at the very least are we not seeing the full picture from the nepalese government. i think one of the major challenges which we face here in nepal is the very high cost of migration for the migrant worker themselves it is not uncommon here for migrant workers to pay as much as one thousand eight hundred dollars a year to recruitment agencies before they migrate this puts them in a position of severe vulnerability because if they end up in debt because of these
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high fees they may end up in it's been to a gym where they're not able to change their jobs in the receiving country are to leave but workplace where it is highly exploitative just to get sent a sense of scale on this one thousand eight hundred dollars in the polish twenty times the minimum wage so for someone to pay that amount of money before they migrate they would often have to borrow a significant amount of money from money lenders or from community members what about that money i believe it was a deposit of and it doesn't sound like much fifteen dollars but to this foreign employment welfare fund what's happening with that money. the money is being used to support migrant workers for example if they end up in a situation where they're not paid and receiving country or if there is an accident or if they have to read the trade of a body after a death that money is often used in those cases the problem is accessing the
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foreign employment fun requires coming to kathmandu to do that and since most migrant workers are from rural areas it's very difficult and expensive for them to do that so access to the fun is still limited. is there any prospect of things improving at home in the paulo so that you know i thousand men a day wouldn't have to go overseas to look for work or is this just how it is also looking at nepal realizes that it needs to improve its regulatory framework for migration and every vision is undergoing now i think the second point and what we see happening in nepal now as we enter a more stable democracy where we expect to have less political instability less changeover of government that the number one priority in the pollen now is job creation at home so we are in a place in nepal's history where where we do anticipate that there will be greater
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growth in jobs here in the country and migrant workers are those who intend to migrate to migrate or will have more choices before they reach out for me i am in nepal very interesting talking to you thank you for your time thank you very much. now i could say that his son had to talk about sports but frankly you're just talking about the biggest story on the planet has a method super bowl yeah i guess there's a. i said forgetful this was the thing people were talking about online the biggest annual event in american sport the super bowl last year facebook said that sixty four million people posted the event on this site straight after the game this morning so almost every top of wall wide not just us trends on twitter connected to the game between the new england patriots and philadelphia eagles convert that to a heat map that shows the connection of all of those tweets using the dominant hashtags super bowl eagles patriots and of course justin timberlake who is the
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halftime performer and just look at how this side of the u.s. mexico and brazil recorded the most tweets for more on that showpiece game released home in reports. thanks. it's the short piece of vent on the american sporting calendar and one that the new england patriots knew all too well forty year old star quarterback tom brady leaving out the team in his eyes a super bowl appearance they were the defending champions against the philadelphia eagles who had never won a title before but the eagles got the first touchdown of the game that was to thank ye american football has been plagued by debate and short philadelphia would leave twenty two or twelve at halftime to score the touchdown from his own play cheers be remembered
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as one of the all time greats just go in for us thanks thanks justin timberlake headed the famous halftime show but it was the appearance of the light prince who was born in host city minneapolis the stirred controversy. beats. live. overnight as had been forced to scrap a hologram of the singer after pregame criticisms he appeared as a projection instead. was tom brady is used to being the star of the show and he started to drag new england back into the game thanks chance of success the patriots hit the front for the first time with just hours a ninety minutes remaining but the eagles reclaimed their advantage with terminus twenty two on the clock was. last year new england had come back from twenty five points down just on the
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atlanta falcons but there would be norm there a good comeback on this occasion as the eagles secured their those times all those he won those three through this was thanking us thank you. a the vince lombardi trophy it's finally heading to philadelphia home and i'll just era. isn't just the branding of super bowl that makes it so big on social media and f.l. is one of the top online perform as in sport globally leagues account has twenty four point four million followers online that is seven million more than the english premier league for example while a bit while the e.p.l. want to share highlights of their matches on this social media feeds that but the n.f.l. were happy to share nine minute highlights of that game for fans to watch anywhere in the walt and when it comes to the top tweet from the game that belong to the
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when as of course the philadelphia eagles over one hundred thousand likes for their image with the words super bowl champions hash tag fly eagles fly but they set up a hope after that with their online team declaring they were close for business is celebrate themselves has that fly evolve fly early i spoke with michael calls and he's an n.f.l. broadcaster who watched the game and here were his thoughts we've had a run of good super bowls lately and they used to be they were like have a cup finals with a high overpowers the game turns out not to be very good but we've had a run of very good games and this was one of the greatest it wasn't perfect football if you're a purist you know if you like defense no but if you like scoring and if you like nonstop sort of back and forth action this game had a lot of that although we party long and hard in philadelphia this was just a taste of it as thousands hit the streets in freezing conditions we'll find out
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they tell monday when a parade for the team will be held but you can guarantee it will be big. as always you can get in touch with us using hash tag a.j. news grades are all you can connect with me directly santa on the school's fault with foreign at eight hundred g.m.t. news hour but for now i'll hand you back to commercial thanks. actually i just want to go back to one of your really asides this was the trends from. super this is it immediately after the match now first of all things are not worldwide transits this is everywhere and yes super bowl eagles tom brady just to play but to something interesting i noticed right at the bottom number this is that's a t.v. program which screened immediately after the super bowl so we're talking eleven o'clock at night or something like that possibly later and it's getting forty one thousand tweets at that time it just the point i'm making here in the super bowl is that it's not just about football it is about everything that comes with it all the
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commercial breaks that runnable way through that is why it is such a massive not just a sporting event but a world wide event every year thank you for all your comments today i'm sorry i've not had a chance to get through to many of them but we have of course been pretty busy with breaking news as well. just what i was going to bring in from veronica very quickly because this kind of summed up the feeling about syria when will this nightmare end it is terrible i can't imagine how hard it is for people in syria and the massacres and love one another and that's actually not a bad sentiment is it if you want to join veronica and ever else has gotten in touch with us please do with the hashtag a.j. newsgroup which we monitored during the show and throughout the day is well on twitter at a.j. english we papa tweet out there just as we go to air talking about what's going to be on the show you can reply to that thread and we keeping an eye for your responses there the live stream as always at facebook dot com slash al-jazeera we watch the show comment as you go comment with other view as well start out your own discussion with the hashtag join us but in the whatsapp numbers plus nine seven
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four five zero one triple one four nine for your comments your questions and your video and photo contributions thank you for joining us for the news good we'll see you right back here again. in studio fourteen a balance of era fifteen hundred hours g.m.t. tomorrow tuesday.
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in the final century. morales was just ten years old when a devastating earthquake struck mexico city in one thousand nine hundred five the quake damaged her family's apartment and the government moved them to distant shack around seventy families who lost their homes in that earthquake still live in this camp say. the government raised our hopes and then abandoned us politicians have promised that they won't allow a repeat of what happened after the earthquake in one thousand eight hundred five but the cost and complexity of hundreds of people living in camps is a major task and one that many people here think the government failed. it's like the wild west they can do anything and the really hard for them to get the old powerful internet is both a tool for democracy and
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a threat somebody who controls ten thousand. eight hundred thousand voices. in the echo chamber world of fake news in cyberspace the rules of the game have changed there are no precedents people out investigates dissin from asian and democracy part two at this time on al-jazeera. despite ongoing government offensives and chemical attacks aid agencies say syrian refugees are risk of being forcibly returned.

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