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Polish Botanical Society
Jun 22, 2022 Maria Kossowska; Beata Krzewicka; Robert Kościelniak; Martin Kukwa; Agnieszka Kowalewska; Rafał Szymczyk; Michał Smoczyk; Kamila Markiewicz; Marek Adamski
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W publikacji przedstawiono nowe stanowiska 39 gatunków porostów oraz 10 grzybów naporostowych (te ostatnie oznaczono gwiazdką), które są zagrożone w Polsce lub rzadkie w kraju lub regionie. Didymocyrtis epiphyscia s. l. jest podawany poraz pierwszy z obszaru Polski. W zamieszczonych wykazach stanowisk, obok współrzędnych geograficznych, podano kwadraty siatki ATPOL, zmodyfikowanej na potrzeby Atlasu rozmieszczenia geograficznego porostów w Polsce (wydawnictwo Instytutu Botaniki im....
Topics: grzyby zlichenizowane, grzyby naporostowe, różnorodność gatunkowa, gatunki rzadkie,...
Polish Botanical Society
Jun 22, 2022 Wan Arfiani Barus; Abdul Rauf; Rosmayati; Chairani Hanum
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We conducted a comparative study of the effect of vitamin C (l-ascorbic acid) treatment on the yield of selected rice varieties grown in site-specific saline soil; the study area was Paluh Merbau, which is situated on the east coast of North Sumatra and has a salinity of 5.9 dS/m. Salinity causes osmotic, salt-specific, and oxidative stress, which negatively affects crop yields. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of l-ascorbic acid treatment on the yield parameters of eight...
Topics: antioxidants, Oryza sativa, salinity stress, vitamin C
Polish Botanical Society
Jun 16, 2022 Jiangwen Li; Guodong Han; Saruul Kang; Xiaoxi Zhang; Cai Li
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The Stipa breviflora desert steppe is an important component of the Eurasian steppe, and its ecosystem functions are directly affected by changes in the individual functional traits of S. breviflora . Based on 14 years of data from the grazing experiment in S. breviflora desert steppe, we investigated changes in the individual tillering traits of S. breviflora in response to four levels (none, light, moderate, heavy) of long-term grazing. The results showed that: ( i ) long-term grazing...
Topics: stocking rate, sheep grazing, Stipa breviflora, tillering traits
The dreams of Humboldt and many of his successors have not yet come true. Despite the great achievements of the last century, we still do not know the total number of vegetation types or the difference in the patterns of the distribution of diversity above and below the ground, we cannot predict all the effects of climate change on vegetation at the regional and global scale, we do not know the hidden and dark parts of species diversity in most ecosystems, nor are we able to make historical...
Topics: geobotany, Humboldt, Paczoski, vegetation science, phytogeography
Polish Botanical Society
May 31, 2022 Tsimi Inashvili; Inga Kupradze; Ketevan Batsatsashvili
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A revised lichen catalog for Georgia, the South Caucasus, the second after 1986, is presented here. It is based on a literature survey and recent study of herbarium material. The list includes 713 species of lichens and nine species of nonlichenized fungi traditionally treated by lichenologists. As a basis for the present catalog, 106 literature sources reporting the first findings of the listed taxa in floristic regions of Georgia were used. The accepted taxa in bold are followed by references...
Topics: lichenized fungi, fungi, Ascomycota, biodiversity, the Caucasus
Polish Botanical Society
May 31, 2022 Haji Muhammad Umer Memon; Mahboob Ali Sial; Hadi Bux
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Water stress is one of the major environmental constraints on wheat grain yield worldwide. One way to overcome this limitation is to evolve genetically stress-tolerant wheat genotypes that produce sustainable grain yields in water-scarce conditions. A field experiment was carried out to investigate the genetic diversity of 34 advanced wheat genotypes ( Triticum aestivum L.) and two commercial check varieties (Khirman and TD-1) for grain yield and yield-associated agronomic traits in moisture...
Topics: drought stress, agronomic traits, grain yield, wheat crop, irrigation levels
Polish Botanical Society
May 12, 2022 Messias de Carvalho; Wiktor Halecki; Katarzyna Możdżeń; Agnieszka Synowiec
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The present study aimed to assess the allelopathic potential of four cereals: winter wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.), triticale ( ×Triticosecale Wittm.), spelt wheat ( Triticum spelta L.) and barley ( Hordeum vulgare L.) through a completely randomized (CR) design. The allelopathic effects of water extracts of different parts of the cereal plants (stem, leaf, and spike) at different concentrations (0.5%, 1.0%, 2.0%, and 4.0%) were evaluated on the seed germination and seedling growth. The...
Topics: seedling, dry weight, ferulic acid, cereal, allelopathy, autoallelopathy
Polish Botanical Society
Apr 13, 2022 Arkadiusz Nowak; Sebastian Świerszcz; Sylwia Nowak; Vítězslav Plášek; Agnieszka Nobis; Ewelina Klichowska; Marcin Nobis
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This paper presents the results of research conducted on chasmophytic vegetation occurring within the alpine belt (approx. 1,850–4,000 m a.s.l.) in the eastern part of Middle Asia. We specifically focused on the diversity and syntaxonomy of rock vegetation as well as on environmental variables determining its distribution. Altogether, 242 relevés were sampled in rock fissures, ledges, and clefts during field surveys conducted in 2013–2019. The size of each recorded vegetation plot was 1 m...
Topics: Asplenietea trichomanis, petrophytes, chasmophytes, alpine belt, syntaxonomy, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan
Polish Botanical Society
Mar 31, 2022 Dariusz Tlałka; Agnieszka Zawisza-Raszka
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Na terenie Miejskiego Ogrodu Botanicznego w Zabrzu zgromadzono 33 taksony (w tym 27 gatunków) rodzimych paproci, należących do 9 rodzin. Większość tych paproci rośnie na dwóch pagórkach w południowo-centralnej części ogrodu, a pozostałe w stawach w południowo-zachodnim i południowo-wschodnim jego sektorze. Jest to pierwsze opracowanie opisujące kolekcję rodzimych taksonów paproci w polskim ogrodzie botanicznym. Native Taxa of Ferns in the Municipal Botanical Garden in Zabrze:...
Topics: Polypodiopsida, taksony mieszańcowe, gatunki chronione, Dryopteris, ochrona różnorodności...
Polish Botanical Society
Mar 31, 2022 Anastasiia Fetsiukh; Liubov Bunio; Ostap Patsula; Salme Timmusk; Olga Terek
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Currently, the problem of environmental pollution, especially in contaminated areas, is highly important. The study of the defense mechanisms of plants under salt stress (high salinity) is of considerable importance, given the conditions of current agricultural development and climate change. The aim of this study was to reveal the effect of salinity on Salix viminalis L. under field conditions at the Stebnyk tailing site in Ukraine. After 120 days of growth, the leaves, stems, and roots of S....
Topics: willow, catalase, peroxidase, soluble sugars, proline, ascorbic acid, salinity
Community Texts
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The paper presents eleven species of fungi new to the Kampinos National Park. They were found during the studies on wind-damaged areas after the forest was damaged in 2017. Two species new to Poland were described and illustrated ( Nectria nigrescens and Strossmayeria basitricha ). The current number of macromycetes taxa known from the Kampinos National Park has reached 1,637.
Topics: Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, fungal biota, ecological disturbance, windfall
Polish Botanical Society
Dec 26, 2021 Tomasz Wójcik; Aneta Czarna; Stefan Gawroński; Artur Górecki; Marcelina Jakubowska; Edyta Jermakowicz; Grzegorz Łazarski; Artur Pliszko; Monika Podgórska; Alina Stachurska-Swakoń; Agata Stadnicka-Futoma; Krystyna Towpasz; Małgorzata Wyrzykiewicz-Raszewska; Piotr Górski
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W pracy przedstawiono nowe stanowiska 12 rzadkich (lub regionalnie rzadkich) roślin naczyniowych w Polsce, tj. Cochlearia danica , Colchicum autumnale , Cuscuta campestris , Lythrum hyssopifolia , Ostericum palustre , Pedicularis sylvatica , Plantago coronopus , Ranunculus arvensis , Rosa gallica , Sesleria uliginosa , Succisella inflexa oraz Veronica prostrata . New Localities of Vascular Plants Occurring in Poland, 2: This work presents a list of new localities in Poland for the following 12...
Topics: gatunki rzadkie, rośliny naczyniowe, rozmieszczenie, Polska, rare species, vascular plants,...
Polish Botanical Society
Dec 26, 2021 Worasitikulya Taratima; Thapakorn Ritmaha; Nakorn Jongrungklang; Pitakpong Maneerattanarungroj
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Anatomical adaptation is an important feature that allows plants to mitigate drought stress. A comparative leaf anatomy of two drought-tolerant sugarcane cultivars, KKU-1999-02 and KKU-1999-03, was studied in early drought stress between 30 and 90 days after planting using peeling and freehand sectioning methods. KKU-1999-02 and KKU-1999-03 showed different anatomical adaptation features, such as increase in cuticle thickness, bulliform cell size, vascular bundle, and stomatal density, and...
Topics: anatomical structure, breeding scheme, drought impact, leaf tissue, Saccharum spp., water deficit
Polish Botanical Society
Dec 26, 2021 Nataliia Nuzhyna; Viktor Kunakh; Oksana Poronnik; Ivan Parnikoza
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We studied the anatomical features of the leaf structure of Deschampsia antarctica É. Desv. (Poaceae) obtained from seeds collected from different habitats of the maritime Antarctic. These plants have been maintained in culture in vitro for more than 7 years. The plants include stable chromosome forms comprising diploids (2 n = 26), a diploid plant with B-chromosomes (2 n = 26 + 0–3B), a triploid with rearranged chromosome morphology, and myxoploids with different ratios of diploid and...
Topics: Antarctic hairgrass, different growth habitats, leaf structure, genetic diversity, adaptation
Polish Botanical Society
Dec 26, 2021 Lyudmyla Buyun; Roman Ivannikov; Lyudmila Batsmanova; Nataliya Taran; Lyudmyla Kovalska; Ivan Gurnenko; Myroslava Maryniuk
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Guarianthe bowringiana is one of the oldest samples cultivated at NBG’s orchid unit glasshouses since 1970s. An efficient protocol for asymbiotic in vitro seed germination of G. bowringiana has previously been established. Given that acclimatization is a crucial step in micropropagation, this study assesses the structural adaptation and antioxidant response of G. bowringiana seedlings during ex vitro acclimatization to ex vitro conditions. The leaf surface micromorphology of the G....
Topics: abiotic stress, acclimatization, lipid peroxidation, oxidative stress, antioxidant systems,...
Polish Botanical Society
Dec 26, 2021 Piyaporn Phansak; Supatcharee Siriwong; Nantawan Kanawapee; Kanjana Thumanu; Wuttichai Gunnula; Natthiya Buensanteai
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Drought isa major constraint in many rainfed areas and affects rice yield. We aimed to characterize the physiological changes in rice in response to drought using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Eighty rice landrace seedlings were subjected to drought in the greenhouse using a PEG 6000. Physiological parameters, including total chlorophyll content, relative water content, electrolyte leakage, and biochemical changes were evaluated. Based on the FTIR results, the landraces were...
Topics: rice, drought stress, drought tolerance, physiological characteristics, FTIR spectroscopy,...
Polish Botanical Society
Dec 26, 2021 Andrzej Szczepkowski
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Prof. A. Grzywacz has about 500 publications.
Topic: Memories and scientists
Polish Botanical Society
Dec 26, 2021 Agnieszka Maria Salamaga
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Herein, the results of studies conducted in the Łagiewnicki Forest in the city of Łódź (central Poland) in 2010–2012 are presented. These were the first long-term observations into myxomycetes in the Łagiewnicki Forest and in central Poland. Investigations were conducted using the route method for the entire forest complex (2010–2012). Additionally, twelve logs were selected in the “Las Łagiewnicki” forest reserve for detailed observations in 2011–2012; these logs belonged to...
Topics: Amoebozoa, slime molds, myxomycete diversity, myxomycete ecological groups, myxomycete phenology,...
Polish Botanical Society
Dec 26, 2021 Ning Wang; Hao Chen; Lei Wang
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The adaptability of plants to drought not only includes their ability to resist drought stress, but also their ability to recover after stress is relieved. In this study, a weighting method was used to control the soil water content to produce a soil water stress gradient. The effects of drought and rewatering on the changes in osmotic adjustment substance content, antioxidant enzyme activity, and photosynthetic characteristics of potted Dicranostigma henanensis seedlings were measured on Day...
Topics: Dicranostigma henanensis, drought stress, physiological changes, photosynthesis, rewatering
Polish Botanical Society
Dec 26, 2021 Fatih Satıl; Hasan Akan; Mehmet Karaaslan; Mehmet Maruf Balos; Bülent Başyiğit
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Oak molasses, called “Gezo,” have been produced by the local people of Southeastern Anatolia. In this study, the ethnobotanical characteristics, production stages, health effects, and chemical composition of Gezo were determined. Traditional Gezo molasses is produced from the acorn of Quercus brantii Lindl. The survey was carried out in seven provinces with large populations. Molasses samples were collected from local producers in the region alongside the local names, usage, sorting, and...
Topics: ethnobotany, traditional molasses, medicinal plants, Anatolia
Polish Botanical Society
Dec 26, 2021 Fengke Lin; Binsheng Luo; Zhuo Cheng; Ping Li; Chunlin Long
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The genus Garcinia L. (Clusiaceae) is gaining increasing scientific attention worldwide owing to its ethnobotanical and pharmacological significance. In China, even though Garcinia plants have long been used for food, ethnomedicine, building materials, and other purposes, a comprehensive ethnobotanical study of the genus is notably limited. In the current study, the ethnobotanical importance of Garcinia plants has been extensively investigated through field surveys and literature reviews. Our...
Topics: Garcinia, ethnobotany, traditional botanical knowledge, traditional uses, cultural keystone...
The purpose of this study was to assess the contemporary conditions of the lichen biota in the eastern part of the “Paprocie Serpentynitowe w Masywie Ślęży” ecological area in the Sudetes Foothills. The studies were carried out at three localities selected from 10 sites that were designed to protect the Asplenium fern genus. A total of 47 lichen species were found in the three localities. For each of the recorded species, the state of preservation in the Ślęża Massif area was assessed...
Topics: lichen forming fungi, biodiversity, serpentinite rocks, Oleszeńskie Hills, Lower Silesia, Poland
Polish Botanical Society
Dec 11, 2021 Anna Ivashchenko; Ayagoz Tolenova; Dayana Abidkulova; Karime Abidkulova
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We assessed the adaptive potential of two rare decorative species listed in the Red Book of Kazakhstan : Tulipa tarda Stapf (Liliaceae) and Gymnospermium altaicum (Pall.) Spach (Berberidaceae) by studying the morphological variability of generative individuals of the species. Our studies were carried out in natural populations in the Northern Tien Shan and introduced populations of the botanical garden and urban green areas of Almaty. These species showed a high degree of adaptation under the...
Topics: Tulipa tarda, Gymnospermium altaicum, morphological parameters
Polish Botanical Society
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The general morphology, micromorphology, and anatomy of the flowers of Clivia miniata , Clivia nobilis , and Scadoxus multiflorus were studied using light microscopy. The studied species have large syntepalous and trimerous flowers, short floral tubes with adnate stamens, and inferior ovaries that develop baccate fruit. The gynoecium in the studied species consists of synascidiate, symplicate, and hemisymplicate zones. The style is composed of postgenitally fused carpels. The few ovules are...
Topics: Clivia miniata, Clivia nobilis, Scadoxus multiflorus, inferior ovary, septal nectary, vascular...
Polish Botanical Society
Dec 11, 2021 Milena Nikolova; Boryanka Traykova; Elina Yankova-Tsvetkova; Tatyana Stefanova; Anatoli Dzhurmanski; Ina Aneva; Strahil Berkov
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Essential oils from Monarda fistulosa L., Satureja pilosa Vel., Origanum vulgare subsp. hirtum Ietswaart. (Greek oregano), Micromeria dalmatica Benth., Thymus longedentatus (Degen & Urum.) Ronniger, and Artemisa campestris L. were evaluated as inhibitors of seed germination in target plants Lolium perenne L. and Trifolium pratense L. using in vitro assays. The essential oils were applied on the seeds as aqueous solutions at concentrations ranging from 0.5–3.0 µL/mL. Complete inhibition...
Topics: inhibition of seed germination, Micromeria, Artemisia, Satureja, Monarda, Origanum, Thymus
Polish Botanical Society
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W artykule przedstawiono krytyczne uwagi do rozporządzenia o ochronie gatunkowej roślin, dotyczące m.in. zbyt dużej liczby zawartych w nim gatunków (ponad 700), czy też niekonsekwentnego stosowania kryteriów. Wskazano również na emocjonalne podejście do ochrony niektórych roślin, uwzględniające ich urodę, a nie stan zagrożenia. Podano przykłady roślin chronionych mimo ich wyłącznej obecności w parkach narodowych, a także gatunków trudnych do odszukania i oznaczenia nawet...
Topics: rośliny, ochrona gatunkowa, krytyka rozporządzenia, Polska, plants, species protection, criticism...
Polish Botanical Society
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This paper presents 18 species of fungi that are new to the Kampinos National Park and their buffer zone. Seventeen of these species were found during studies on wind-damaged areas after the forest was damaged in 2017. One species new to Poland has been described and illustrated ( Odonticium septocystidiatum ). A few of the species recorded ( Ciliolarina cfr. laricina , Daldinia petriniae , Pseudovalsa umbonata , Spongipellis litschaueri ) are very rare in Poland and hitherto mentioned from...
Topics: Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, fungal biota, ecological disturbance, windfall
Polish Botanical Society
Nov 29, 2021 Tetiana Dvirna; Oksana Futorna; Valentyna Minarchenko; Iryna Tymchenko
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The genus Crataegus L. is one of the largest species in the family Rosaceae Juss. The fruits are used as medicinal raw materials ( Crataegus fructus ), as they contain a set of biologically active compounds. The genus is voluminous and taxonomically problematic due to significant variability, hybridization, apomixis, and polyploidy. As a result, it is difficult to determine the species of the genus. Species of the genus have a number of diagnostic features, one of which is a distinct fruit with...
Topics: diagnostic features, pyrenes, sculpture, flesh, medicinal raw materials, crataegi fructus
Polish Botanical Society
Nov 29, 2021 Olga Tsarenko; Galina Shikhaleyeva; Valentyna Minarchenko; Iryna Tymchenko; Olena Bulakh
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The micromorphological features of the fruit surfaces of nine species of Ukrainian flora, namely Valeriana tuberosa L., Valeriana tripteris L., Valeriana rossica P. Smirn., Valeriana stolonifera Czern., Valeriana grossheimii Worosch, Valeriana sambucifolia Mikan fil., Valeriana officinalis L. s. str., Valeriana wolgensis Kazak. [ Valeriana officinalis var. nitida (Kreyer) Rostanski], and Valeriana simplicifolia (Rchb.) Kabath, were examined. Depending on the presence and localization of...
Topics: herbarium specimens, morphology, microsculpture, morphometric data, Ukrainian flora
Polish Botanical Society
Nov 18, 2021 Wiesław Fałtynowicz
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Artykuł zawiera diagnozę obecnego stanu ochrony gatunkowej porostów w Polsce. W aktualnym rozporządzeniu znalazło się bardzo dużo błędów i nieścisłości, dlatego wymaga ono zmian. W tekście przedstawiono sugestie zmiany systemu ochrony gatunkowej w kraju i zaproponowano wprowadzenie krótkich list regionalnych, oprócz równie ograniczonej listy krajowej. Zamieszczono także propozycje nowych list gatunków chronionych, dla kraju i dla wybranych województw. What Is the Species...
Topics: grzyby lichenizowane, porosty, ochrona gatunkowa, listy gatunków chronionych, propozycje zmiany...
Polish Botanical Society
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The control of invasive plants depends to some extent on the persistence of the soil seed bank. The high temperature (40 °C) accompanied with high humidity (95%) method was used to treat the seeds of the invasive species Aegilops tauschii Coss. The aim of our study was to evaluate the seed vigor and longevity by accelerating aging, to serve as a reference for the evaluation of invasion potential of A. tauschii and corresponding eradication strategy adoption. The results showed that with the...
Topics: Aegilops tauschii, invasive plants, soil seed bank, artificial aging, seed vigor, soil solarization
Polish Botanical Society
Nov 2, 2021 Roksolana Andreychuk; Anastasiya Odintsova
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Gynoecium and fruit micromorphology and anatomy were studied using light microscopy in three species of Campanuloideae belonging to the tribes Cyanantheae ( Platycodon grandiflorus ), Wahlenbergieae ( Jasione montana ), and Campanuleae ( Adenophora liliifolia ) of the native and cultivated flora of Ukraine, to elucidate structural adaptations for fruit dehiscence. The studied species differed in flower/fruit orientation, carpel number, ovary insertion, and capsule-opening position, and the...
Topics: Adenophora, Jasione, Platycodon, axicorn, fruit dehiscence, gynoecium, inferior capsule
Polish Botanical Society
Oct 18, 2021 Bartosz Pluciński; Andrzej Waloszek; Joanna Rutkowska; Kazimierz Strzałka
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Despite being an essential micronutrient, copper is also a potentially toxic heavy metal. Using selection experiments, we produced Chlamydomonas reinhardtii populations with increased tolerance of copper ions and then derived pure cell lines from these populations. Strains derived from the same population (both adapted and nonadapted) significantly differed in terms of growth parameters. Cultivation of the strains in a range of copper ion concentrations revealed differences in growth and...
Topics: Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, copper toxicity, microevolution, photosynthesis, chlorophyll fluorescence
Polish Botanical Society
Oct 18, 2021 Iwona Chłosta; Grzegorz Góralski; Marzena Popielarska-Konieczna
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In vitro-derived plants with elevated ploidy levels can display distinguishing features from the plants they are derived from, especially owing to their indirect regeneration. Genome size affects cell size and, thus, affects plant morphological characteristics. Therefore, stomata traits may be used as a diagnostic feature allowing identification of ploidy. Actinidia chinensis var. deliciosa A. Chev. (A. Chev.), known as kiwifruit, is successfully cultured in vitro and redifferentiated into...
Topics: Actinidia chinensis var. deliciosa, callus, endosperm culture, hexaploids, regenerants, polyploidy,...
Polish Botanical Society
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The Polish Botanical Society was founded in 1922. Its mission is to promote plant sciences, along with mycology, lichenology, and phycology. The mission is being accomplished through special interest sections and regional divisions as well as through extensive publishing activity in a form of specialized journals and monographs.
Topics: plant science, botany, mycology, lichenology, phycology
Polish Botanical Society
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Pear rootstock OHF 333 ( Pyrus communis L.), which is included in the US ‘Old Home’ × ‘Farmingdale’ series, is characterized by good compatibility with most other varieties, high yields, and a moderate degree of resistance to fire blight. Micropropagation in vitro has shown promise for rapid, large-scale cloning of disease-free plant material throughout the year. However, pear shoots are often recalcitrant to rooting, and this process is highly genotype-dependent. This study aimed to...
Topics: acclimatization, biostimulators, Charkor, in vitro plants, NAA, pear, rooting
Polish Botanical Society
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W artykule podano informacje o wszystkich gatunkach porostów, których lista jest zawarta w Rozporządzeniu Ministra Środowiska z dnia 9 października 2014 r. w sprawie ochrony gatunkowej grzybów. Uporządkowano ich pozycję w systemie, omówiono rozmieszczenie ogólne i w kraju. Przy każdym gatunku podano też sugestie dotyczące potrzeby ich ochrony prawnej. Dogłębna analiza pozwoliła stwierdzić, że to rozporządzenie w rzeczywistości zawiera nie 205, lecz 168 gatunków...
Topics: grzyby lichenizowane, porosty, gatunki chronione, aktualizacja nazewnictwa, rozmieszczenie...
The attractiveness of plants to pollinators depends strongly on flower rewards, especially nectar and pollen. Nectar mass, sugar concentration, and sugar mass are known to influence the spectrum and abundance of insect visitors. Respective data on nectar secretion in highbush blueberry ( Vaccinium corymbosum ) under the climatic conditions of Poland are scarce. This study was conducted in 2002–2005 to assess flower abundance, nectar production, and insect visitors in six varieties of V....
Topics: highbush blueberry, nectar production, nectar sugars, insect visitors, honey bees
Community Texts
Sep 22, 2021 Andriy Novikov
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Flowers of the five species from the four sections of the genus Gagea (that is, G. lutea , G. pusilla , G. reticulata , G. fragifera , and G. serotina (syn. Lloydia serotina ) were investigated by light microscopy. All investigated species had similar flower organization, vertical zonality of the gynoecium, and floral vascularization. In all species, the flowers were trimerous, with the superior ovary and short complete or semicomplete syntepalous zone at the base. The presence of the...
Topics: Gagea, Lloydia, vascular anatomy, morphology, flower
Polish Botanical Society
Sep 16, 2021 José Jesús Tejada-Alvarado; Jegnes Benjamín Meléndez-Mori; Nuri Carito Vilca-Valqui; Eyner Huaman-Huaman; Manuel Oliva
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The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) on the rooting of five wild accessions of blueberry (HCHA-262, HCHA-271, HCHA-283, HCHA-286, and HCHA-290) obtained from natural populations in the province of Chachapoyas (northern Peru). Buds were collected from the middle third of the plant and treated with IBA at concentrations of 0, 1,000, 2,000, and 3,000 mg L −1 . The results indicated that of the IBA doses, the 2,000-mg L −1 dose achieved the best...
Topics: indole-3-butyric acid, growth regulator, rhizogenic capacity
Polish Botanical Society
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Jubileusz siedemdziesięciolecia urodzin uczonego skłania do wstępnych podsumowań i analizy jego dotychczasowego dorobku. W 2019 r. taki jubileusz obchodziła prof. Alicja Zemanek, historyk botaniki i poetka. Jest to wspaniała okazja, aby opisać dorobek naukowy Jubilatki oraz Jej największe dokonania organizacyjne i dydaktyczne.
Topic: Wspomnienia i biogramy
Polish Botanical Society
Sep 10, 2021 Bożenna Czarnecka; Elżbieta Królak; Marzena Stańska
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Lidia Borkowska urodziła się 8 sierpnia 1967 r. w Radzyniu Podlaskim. Szkołę podstawową ukończyła w Białkach koło Siedlec (1982). Wykształcenie średnie zdobyła w Liceum Ogólnokształcącym im. B. Prusa w Siedlcach (matura 1986). W tym samym roku podjęła studia na Wydziale Rolniczym Wyższej Szkoły Rolniczo-Pedagogicznej (WSRP) w Siedlcach, gdzie w 1991 r. uzyskała tytuł magistra biologii na podstawie pracy Zmiany we florze rezerwatu „Gołobórz” , przygotowanej pod...
Topic: Wspomnienia i biogramy
Polish Botanical Society
Sep 10, 2021 Carolina Elena Girometta; Laura Rovelli; Francesco Bracco; Francesca Brescia; Rebecca Michela Baiguera; Ivano De Negri; Anna Maria Picco; Elena Savino
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Laricifomes officinalis is a wood-decay fungus that is closely associated with old individuals of Larix decidua . In the twentieth century, L. officinalis was over-harvested because of its medicinal properties; consequently, it has become very rare or almost extinct in the Alps. In this study, we investigated the population of L. officinalis in the Alpe Veglia–Alpe Devero Natural Park (Val d’Ossola, Italy) to assess a preliminary conservation strategy. Population consistency was estimated...
Topics: Laricifomes officinalis, fungal biodiversity conservation, larch, natural park, Alps
Polish Botanical Society
Aug 31, 2021 Angela Yaneth Landínez-Torres; Carmenza Pérez Fagua; Angie Coraima Sanabria López; Yuli Alexandra Deaquiz Oyola; Carolina Elena Girometta
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Plant material obtained by pruning and production of deciduous fruit trees was evaluated as substrates for the production of the oyster mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus . Lignified branches and stems from peach, apple, and pear trees were processed using a ripping machine to reduce the size of chips and to optimize disinfection. A completely randomized experimental design was proposed with six treatments (novel substrates) and one absolute control (100% hay substrate). Morphological variables such...
Topics: fruit trees, mushrooms, Pleurotus ostreatus, sustainable production, lignocellulose residues
Polish Botanical Society
Aug 20, 2021 Danuta M. Antosiewicz; Elżbieta Bednarska-Kozakiewicz; Dorota Borowska-Wykręt; Aleksandra Brankiewicz; Michał Bykowski; Mirosława Chwil; Aleksandra Deja; Bożena Denisow; Alicja Dołkin-Lewko; Mariola Dreger; Joanna Elsner; Katarzyna Gieczewska; Małgorzata Grzyb; Agnieszka Janas; Jerzy Karczewski; Magdalena Kędra; Paweł Kojs; Agata Konarska; Mikołaj Kostryco; Łucja Kowalewska; Katarzyna Kozak; Małgorzata Kozieradzka-Kiszkurno; Michał Kruk; Ewa Kurczyńska; Elżbieta Kuta; Dorota...
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Konferencja jest wspólnym przedsięwzięciem: Sekcji Struktury i Rozwoju Roślin PTB, Samodzielnego Zakładu Botaniki Leśnej SGGW w Warszawie, Wydziału Biologii Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego w Krakowie i Instytutu Biologii, Biotechnologii i Ochrony Środowiska na Wydziale Nauk Przyrodniczych Uniwersytetu Śląskiego w Katowicach.
Topics: anatomia roślin, histogeneza roślin
Polish Botanical Society
Aug 10, 2021 Ceren Kazancı; Soner Oruç; Marine Mosulishvili; Łukasz Łuczaj
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Recent ethnobotanical studies in the Caucasus, mainly in Georgia, reveal the significant ethnobotanical knowledge of local people related to wild edible plants. However, few studies have been conducted in the Lesser Caucasus, west Georgia, and Turkish Caucasus. This study aims to represent and evaluate the cultural importance of wild vegetable plants and their patterns of use along the Georgia–Turkey border. During the transhumance period in the summers of 2017 and 2018, 104 participants (65...
Topics: wild vegetables, transhumant people, cross-border ethnobotany, Caucasus
Fungi are among the most important organisms on earth, and they are essential components of terrestrial ecosystems. Their reproductive structures are strictly dependent and affected by environmental conditions, and community dynamics over time and space may be indirect indicators of the health status of forests. We combined macrofungal biodiversity indices in eight Mediterranean forests in Italy and surveyed 160 plots by standardized surveys, to evaluate the role of macrofungi as early...
Topics: environmental impact, macrofungi, biodiversity indices, standardized surveys, Mediterranean forests
Polish Botanical Society
Jul 26, 2021 Md. Zablul Tareq; Md. Abul Fazal Mollah; Md. Saiful Alam Sarker; Kazi Khayrul Bashar; Md. Delwar Hossain Sarker; Md. Moniruzzaman; Syed Nazrul Islam; Md. Zahid Al Rafiq; Md. Abu Sadat
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The genus Hibiscus has more than 300 globally distributed species. This plant is well known for its bast fiber biogenesis, while its nutritional and medicinal values are largely ignored. Consequently, the nutritional properties of the Roselle variety, BJRI mesta-2, are unknown. Therefore, this study was carried out to analyze the nutritional composition of our selected Roselle tissues to support the nutritional requirements for humans in early summer in Bangladesh. Leaves were found to be a...
Topics: Hibiscus sabdariffa, minerals, vitamins, ash, moisture
Polish Botanical Society
Jul 9, 2021 Maria Licznar-Małańczuk; Liudmyla Slobodianyk
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In this study, conducted at the Research Station of the Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland, we sought to determine the communities of weed species and their temporal occurrence in a young apple orchard mulched with spent mushroom compost or Miscanthus straw applied to tree rows. A herbicide fallow treatment was used as a control. During the first year of application, both organic mulches protected against the germination of weed seeds stored within the soil. In...
Topics: spent mushroom compost, Miscanthus straw, growth, yield
Polish Botanical Society
Jul 7, 2021 Krystyna Boratyńska; Zbigniew Gołąb; Bartosz Łabiszak; Wioletta Niemczyk; Karolina Irena Sobierajska; Krzysztof Ufnalski; Witold Wachowiak; Adam Boratyński
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Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine) and taxa from the P. mugo (mountain pine) complex hybridize in contact zones producing morphologically-intermediate fertile hybrids. However, the hybrid specimens sometimes express only the P. sylvestris phenotype. Such cryptic hybrids were detected among P. sylvestris and P. uliginosa in the western part of Błędne Skały in the Stołowe Mountains, where the pines grow on the tops of sandstone rocks and phenotypically resemble P. sylvestris , P. uliginosa , and...
Topics: biostatistics, hybridization, genetic variation, morphological variation, Pinus mugo, Pinus...
Polish Botanical Society
Jun 29, 2021 Irina Korotkova; Mykola Marenych; Volodymyr Hanhur; Oksana Laslo; Oksana Chetveryk; Viktor Liashenko
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The aim of the present study was to determine the efficacy of the application of mixtures containing various combinations of humic substances, with herbicides and nitrogen fertilizers, in weed control and optimizing the plant nutrition system. We also aimed to evaluate the influence of these substances on winter wheat productivity. Five Ukrainian winter wheat cultivars (‘Kryzhynka,’ ‘Smuhlyanka,’ ‘Slavna,’ ‘Kubus,’ and ‘Mulan’) were sown in a randomized complete block...
Topics: tillering phase, pests, stem-extension phase of plants, surface and foliar application, air-dry...
Polish Botanical Society
Jun 4, 2021 Alridiwirsah; Koko Tampubolon; Fransisca Natalia Sihombing; Andi Agus Suprianto; Zavandri Purba
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This study aimed to identify the optimum rice stem cutting size combined with the application of Seprint liquid organic fertilizer (SLOF) to promote the growth and yield of ratoon rice. This research was conducted in a greenhouse at the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara, North Sumatra Province, Indonesia, from January to August 2018. The experiment was set up as a completely randomized design factorial with four replications. The first factor consisted of the...
Topics: dosage, growth, yield, crop model, optimization technique, ratoon technology
Polish Botanical Society
Jun 4, 2021 Dominika Małgorzata Ślusarczyk
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This paper provides the first recorded data of slime molds in Biebrza National Park (NE Poland). In total, 16 species of myxomycetes belonging to nine genera were observed.
Topics: myxomycetes, ecology, protected area, NE Poland
Polish Botanical Society
Jun 3, 2021 Filip Franciszek Karuga; Katarzyna Góralska; Ewa Brzeziańska-Lasota
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In recent years, there has been a rapid increase in the incidence of Candida infections. The different species of the genus Candida vary in their virulence abilities and susceptibility to antifungal agents, depending on several external factors. The result of such modifications may be cross-resistance, which is understood as an acquired resistance to a certain antimicrobial agent after exposure to another drug. The aim of this study was to determine the possibility of cross-resistance between...
Topics: antifungal treatment, drug resistance, fluconazole, inhibitor
Polish Botanical Society
Jun 3, 2021 Urszula Świderska-Burek
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This paperreports the first finding of Colletotrichum japonicum (Hemmi) Bedlan on Berberis aquifolium Pursh [= Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh) Nutt.] in Poland. The fungus was collected in the Botanical Garden of Maria Curie-Skłodowska University (UMCS) in Lublin. This is the second locality of the species in Europe and the third worldwide. In this paper, morphological characteristics, microphotographs, and distribution comments are provided.
Topics: anthracnose, coelomycetous anamorphs, distribution, microfungi, Oregon grape
A lichenological inventory was conducted in the pine stands in the south-eastern region of Żerków-Czeszewo Landscape Park. The aim of this study was to recognize the lichen species diversity on the bark of Pinus sylvestris by considering tree age and forest habitat type. In total, 26 species of lichenized fungi were found on the bark of P. sylvestris . The biota comprises common and widespread species in Poland. Tree age positively and significantly influenced the species richness on the bark...
Topics: lichenized fungi, species richness, pine, coniferous forest, west-central Poland
Polish Botanical Society
Jun 3, 2021 Thomas Sawidis; Gülriz Baycu; Elżbieta Weryszko-Chmielewska; Aneta Sulborska
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In vitro culture of Lilium longiflorum pollen grains was carried out to determine the role of manganese in pollen germination and pollen tube growth. Pollen germination was adversely affected by the presence of manganese (>10 −8 M), whereas low concentrations (10 −12 –10 −10 M) stimulated the process. Manganese caused morphological anomalies during tube growth, characterized by irregular pollen tube thickening and swollen tips. The main effect was the anomalous cell wall...
Topics: Lilium, pollen tube, mitochondria, heavy metal, cell wall, dehydration, fertilization, internal...
Polish Botanical Society
Jun 3, 2021 Md. Rasel Uddin; Mohammed Nuruzzaman; Preangka Saha Briste; Md. Morshedul Islam; Ashik karim Bhuiyan; Md. Istiak Hossain Joy; Shakil Ahmed; Amena Khatun
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Salinity is a severe environmental threat causing low productivity in field crops. Rice is a staple crop of the world whose yield and quality is highly affected by the salt content in the root zone. Nutrient management, however, is a key factor that can be used to boost rice production in saline soils. Boron (B), a micronutrient with diverse functions, plays a significant role in rice yield. However, little is known about the effects of B under saline conditions on the yield of rice...
Topics: rice ‘Swarna’, micronutrient, saline soil, day after transplanting (DAT)
Polish Botanical Society
Jun 3, 2021 Rasmita Adelina; Irfan Suliansyah; Auzar Syarif; Warnita
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The Sidimpuan snake fruit ( Salacca sumatrana Becc.) tree flowers throughout the year. However, the fruits are produced seasonally. The level of production is directly related to flowering and fruit set. A low level of fruit formation results in a low number of fruits that can be harvested. A deeper understanding of the phenology of flowering and fruit set in Sidimpuan snake fruit may help solve the problem of low off-season production, and is the focus of this study. The study was conducted in...
Topics: Arecaceae, fruit set, morphology, phase of flowering and fruit, phenology, species characteristic
Polish Botanical Society
Jun 3, 2021 Adam Stebel; Monika Staniaszek-Kik; Stanisław Rosadziński; Mariusz Wierzgoń; Barbara Fojcik; Michał Smoczyk; Grzegorz Vončina
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In Poland, Hedwigia ciliata (Hedw.) P. Beauv., an obligatory epilithic moss species, has in recent years also been observed on the bark of trees. In this paper, we describe 25 recently identified sites in which epiphytic H. ciliata has been observed, and provide a plausible explanation to account for this phenomenon.
Topics: bryophyte, moss, epiphyte, distribution, habitat preference, climate change
Polish Botanical Society
Jun 3, 2021 Zuzana Kozelková; Romana Prausová; Zina Tomášová; Lenka Šafářová
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One of the most southern European occurrences of Potamogeton praelongus is in the Czech Republic (CR), with only one native population in the Orlice River floodplain in Eastern Bohemia, the only surviving site from 10 Czech localities known 45 years ago. This species is critically endangered in the CR and needs to be actively protected with a rescue program. The number of P. praelongus sites increases along a latitudinal gradient, from Central to North Europe (CR, Poland, Sweden, and Norway),...
Topics: long-stalked pondweed, submerged macrophytes, water conditions, species composition
Polish Botanical Society
Jun 3, 2021 Michał Brzozowski; Aleksandra Pełechata; Lech Kaczmarek; Mariusz Pełechaty
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The recovery or reconstruction of aquatic vegetation has recently been reported as a result of water quality improvement after anthropogenic eutrophication. The objectives of this study were: to investigate long-term trends in aquatic vegetation abundance in relation to decreasing water fertility and to present new directions in changes of the submerged aquatic vegetation structure, species richness, and biodiversity in Lake Kuźnickie (western Poland) with the perspective of the last 40 years...
Topics: aquatic vegetation, vascular plants, charophytes, Chara-lake, water fertility, Lychnothamnus...
Polish Botanical Society
Apr 27, 2021 Ulrike Ruprecht; Stephanie A. Socher; Stefan Dötterl
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The air-borne distributed genus Cladosporium Link is globally one of the most common fungal genera. By sequencing the barcode marker ITS, here, we document two taxa belonging to this genus – C. cf. dominicanum Zalar, de Hoog & Gunde-Cimerman and C. halotolerans Zalar, de Hoog & Gunde-Cimerman ( C. sphaerospermum Penz complex) – which were detected on the inner surface of the spathe of the titan arum, Amorphophallus titanum (Becc.) Becc. (Araceae). Titan arum holds the record for the...
Topics: plant-associated fungi, fungal layer, largest unbranched inflorescence
Polish Botanical Society
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The present study reveals the allelopathic effect of aqueous leaf and root extracts of Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. and Leucas cephalotes (Roth) Spreng. on seed germination and early growth of Oryza sativa ‘Gobindobhog.’ Leaf and root extracts at different concentrations (0.5%, 1%, 2.5%, 4%, and 5%) were used to study the effect in laboratory-based experiments. After 5 days of incubation, seed germination and root and shoot length of rice seedlings were measured, and both H. suaveolens and...
Topics: indigenous rice, seed vigor index, Hyptis suaveolens, Leucas cephalotes
Polish Botanical Society
Apr 27, 2021 Dariusz Tlałka; Elwira Sliwinska; Jerzy Kruk
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During field studies in 2019 in the Beskid Śląski mountain range in southern Poland, one individual morphologically resembling Polystichum setiferum was found. Nuclear DNA content analysis confirmed the species identity. The new stand of P. setiferum corresponds to historical literature reports and herbarium specimens from the Czech Republic and Poland, and extends the northeastern limit of the distribution of this species. As the historical stands in both countries have not been confirmed,...
Topics: distribution, Europe, native species, Poland, Polystichum setiferum
Polish Botanical Society
Mar 26, 2021 Piotr Górski; Bartosz Piwowarski; Anna Koczur; Łukasz Maślikowski; Aneta Czarna; Kornel M. Michalak
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W publikacji przedstawiono nowe stanowiska rzadkich (lub regionalnie rzadkich) roślin naczyniowych w Polsce, tj. Artemisia pontica , Carex pulicaris , Cortusa matthioli , Epipactis albensis , Festuca drymeia , Plantago coronopus , P. maritima , Sorbus chamaemespilus , Thelypteris palustris oraz Wolffia arrhiza . New Localities of Vascular Plants Occurring in Poland, 1: This work presents a list of new localities in Poland for the following rare (including regional rare) vascular plants:...
Topics: gatunki rzadkie, rośliny naczyniowe, rozmieszczenie, Polska, rare species, vascular plants,...
Polish Botanical Society
Mar 26, 2021 Martin Kukwa; Rafał Szymczyk; Anna Zalewska; Emilia Ossowska; Bartłomiej Hajek; Julia Jaskólska; Maria Kossowska; Dariusz Kubiak; Krzysztof Rutkowski; Paweł Czarnota; Magdalena Tanona; Michał Smoczyk
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W publikacji przedstawiono nowe stanowiska 44 gatunków porostów oraz czterech grzybów naporostowych, które uznawane są za rzadkie lub zagrożone w Polsce. Poza wykazem stanowisk, przy każdym z taksonów zamieszczono krótkie uwagi dotyczące ich charakterystyki oraz ogólnego rozmieszczenia w Polsce. Materials for the Distribution of Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi in Poland, 1: The paper presents new localities of 44 lichen species and four lichenicolous fungi, which are considered to be...
Topics: grzyby zlichenizowane, grzyby naporostowe, róznorodność gatunkowa, gatunki rzadkie,...
Polish Botanical Society
Mar 26, 2021 Piotr Górski; Maciej Romański; Monika Staniaszek-Kik; Sylwia Wierzcholska; Michał Smoczyk; Anna Koczur; Anna Maria Ociepa
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W publikacji przedstawiono nowe stanowiska rzadkich mszaków w Polsce, tj. Anastrophyllum michauxii , Eremonotus myriocarpus , Neckera pennata , Scapania crassiretis , Sphagnum majus , Ulota bruchii oraz Zygodon rupestris . Register of New Localities for Bryophytes Occurring in Poland, 1: This work presents a list of new localities in Poland for the following rare bryophytes: Anastrophyllum michauxii , Eremonotus myriocarpus , Neckera pennata , Scapania crassiretis , Sphagnum majus , Ulota...
Topics: gatunki rzadkie, mchy, wątrobowce, rozmieszczenie, Polska, rare species, liverworts, mosses,...
Polish Botanical Society
Mar 26, 2021 Piotr Köhler
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Herb, czyli znak rozpoznawczo-bojowy, wywodzi się z symboliki heroicznej lub znaków własnościowych. Początkami sięga I wyprawy krzyżowej, a jego wygląd jest ustalany przez reguły heraldyczne. Celem niniejszego artykułu jest przedstawienie rezultatów analizy floralnych mobiliów herbowych w herbach papieskich i wykrycie ewentualnych regularności w użyciu owych mobiliów. Analiza wykazała, że w herbach 40 papieży (na 207, którzy panowali od 575 r.) są aż 153 roślinne mobilia...
Topics: heraldyka, herby papieskie, mobilia herbowe, rośliny, heraldry, papal coats of arms, heraldic...
Polish Botanical Society
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Na obrazach Zwiastowania Najświętszej Marii Panny bardzo często widoczne są różne rośliny, które mają niewątpliwie znaczenie symboliczne. Najważniejsza jest lilia biała, wskazująca na czystość, dziewictwo Matki Bożej. Kwiat ten pojawia się na obrazach Zwiastowania od XII w. We Włoszech od XIV w. lilię najczęściej trzyma w dłoniach archanioł Gabriel, podczas gdy w krajach położonych na północ od Alp zazwyczaj jest umieszczona w różnych naczyniach. W malarstwie...
Topics: Zwiastowanie, rośliny, kwiaty, lilia biała, palma, ogród zamknięty, Annunciation, plant,...
Polish Botanical Society
Mar 26, 2021 Mieczysław Czekalski; Wojciech Antkowiak; Krzysztof Borkowski
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W doniesieniu przedstawiono korzenie przybyszowe w próchniejącym pniu dębu szypułkowego Quercus robur L. Najprawdopodobniej rozwinęły się one z kalusa uformowanego z komórek kambium. Rozwinęło się 7 korzeni, które osiągnęły glebę. Najgrubsze miały obwody 41, 27, 25, 21 i 19 cm. Korzenie te pełnią funkcję mechaniczną oraz pobierają wodę i sole mineralne. W czterech innych miejscach powstały systemy cienkich i krótkich korzeni, które uschły. Powstawanie korzeni...
Topics: Quercus robur, Kopaszewo, drzewa pomnikowe, zdolności regeneracyjne, Quercus robur, Kopaszewo,...
Polish Botanical Society
Mar 18, 2021 Arkadiusz Nowak; Marcin Nobis; Sylwia Nowak; Agnieszka Nobis; Anna Wróbel; Sebastian Świerszcz; Ewelina Klichowska; Iwona Dembicz; Grzegorz Kusza
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The Pamir-Alay Mountains are extremely diverse in terms of climate, landscape and habitat conditions. With one of the largest altitudinal amplitudes in the world, long gradients of precipitation and temperatures, different soil substrates and a diverse geology, the Pamir-Alai promotes a great number of plant species and diverse vegetation types. Currently almost 4,300 vascular plant species have been reported from the area. Almost 1,500 are endemics belonging to 60 families and 188 genera. The...
Topics: vascular plants, taxonomy, biodiversity
Polish Botanical Society
Mar 10, 2021 Julia Pawłowska; Magdalena Frąc; Izabela Kałucka; Małgorzata Ruszkiewicz-Michalska; Sylwia Różalska; Marta Wrzosek
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The 18th Congress of European Mycologists was held between September 16 and 21, 2019 in Warsaw and Białowieża, Poland.
Topic: report
Polish Botanical Society
Mar 10, 2021 Wojciech Pusz
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Dear Mycologists, it is an honor for us to be presenting you with this special issue of Acta Mycologica , which is dedicated to two great scientists, prof. dr hab. Maria Dynowska and prof. dr hab. Maria Rudawska. Both of them have made significant contributions to the world of mycological research, and their impacts continue in the daily works of many research centers that base their foundations on Prof. Dynowska’s legacy and Prof. Rudawska’s constructs.
Topic: editorial
Polish Botanical Society
Mar 10, 2021 Błażej Gierczyk; Anna Kujawa; Tomasz Ślusarczyk
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Wielkopolski National Park is a protected area located in central Wielkopolska, near Poznań City, and is an important refuge to numerous valuable species of plants, fungi, and animals. Through 2019, the project to recognize and catalog the macromycetes of this Park was continued. The current paper presents the results of these studies in the form of an annotated list of the recorded species. One hundred and eighty-nine taxa new for Wielkopolski National Park have been identified. Among these,...
Topics: Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, new regional reports, new country reports
Polish Botanical Society
Mar 10, 2021 Piotr Mleczko; Maciej Kozak; Filip Karpowicz
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Investigations carried out in recent years have provided new data on the localities of some rare hypogeous fungi in Central Europe. In this study, we present new localities of Leucangium carthusianum , Melanogaster luteus , and Rhizopogon melanogastroides , two of which are new for Poland. Sporocarps of L. carthusianum were found in seven new localities in mixed and coniferous forests in the Western Carpathians as well as in Sudetes. In Poland, the species was also recorded in a mixed forest in...
Topics: macroscopic fungi, truffle-like fungi, hypogeous Ascomycota, hypogeous Basidiomycota, Leucangium...
Polish Botanical Society
Mar 10, 2021 Tomasz Leski
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Maria Rudawska was born on June 17, 1949, in Ostrów Wielkopolski, where she lived until she completed her primary and secondary education. In 1967, she began studying biology at the Faculty of Biology and Earth Sciences at the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań. In 1971, she received a scholarship funded by the Department of Dendrology (now Institute of Dendrology), Polish Academy of Sciences, in Kórnik. In 1972, based on her work, Nitrogen Fractions and Reducing Sugars in Isolated Lupine...
Topic: Memories and scientists
Polish Botanical Society
Mar 10, 2021 Anna Biedunkiewicz
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Professor Maria Dynowska (born January 23, 1949 in Przemyśl) graduated from the Faculty of Biology and Earth Sciences at Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin. She obtained the following degrees: master of biology (botany) in 1973, doctor of agricultural sciences (phytopathology) in 1981 from the School of Agriculture and Technology in Olsztyn, and doctor habilitated in biology (microbiology) in 1995 from the Faculty of Biology and Earth Sciences at the Nicolaus Copernicus University in...
Topic: memories and scientists
Polish Botanical Society
Mar 10, 2021 Anna Biedunkiewicz; Elżbieta Ejdys; Dariusz Kubiak; Ewa Sucharzewska
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This paper presents a review of the research conducted by the staff of the Department of Mycology at UWM, Olsztyn since its establishment to the present. This unit was established and has been headed for over 20 years by Prof. Maria Dynowska. Since 2004, the Department has been conducting extensive mycological research, which is reflected in the dynamic growth of specialist staff involved in teaching activities and popularizing scientific research. Owing to the particular care of Prof....
Topics: potentially pathogenic fungi, aquatic ecosystem, school environment, urban environment,...
Polish Botanical Society
Mar 10, 2021 Kinga Mazurkiewicz-Zapałowicz; Małgorzata Stasińska; Magdalena Marta Bihun
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Psathyrella ammophila is a psammophilous fungus most frequently inhabiting seashore beaches, sand dunes and sandy inland areas. Although it is a widely spread species, in some countries it is rare or threatened, including Poland, where it is classified as “endangered” (E). In Poland, P. ammophila has been found in 26 localities, including 14 new reports after 1970. We present two new Polish localities from white sand dunes at the western shore of the Baltic Sea (Wolin Island). Moreover,...
Topics: Agaricales, threatened macrofungi, sand-dune-inhabiting fungi, psammophilous species
Polish Botanical Society
Mar 10, 2021 Marta Damszel; Sławomir Piętka; Andrzej Szczepkowski; Zbigniew Sierota
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In fall 2018 and 2019, we assessed colonization by fungi on Douglas fir trees [ Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco], white pine ( Pinus strobus L.), and red cedar ( Thuja plicata D. Don.) on selected experimental plots of the former Prussian Experimental Station, where nonnative tree species were introduced from North America over a century ago. The presence of sporocarps on trunks, root collars, and stumps as well as the litter layer in the soil within a radius of 0.5 m around the trunk of...
Topics: Macromycetes, Pseudotsuga menziesii, Pinus strobus, Thuja plicata, Warmia forests
Polish Botanical Society
Mar 10, 2021 Michał Gorczak; Igor Siedlecki; Zuzanna Błocka; Maria Cullen; Inita Daniele; Howard Fox; Christoffer Harder; Juha Kinnunen; Michał Kochanowski; Irmgard Krisai-Greilhuber; Maria Majchrowska; Diana Meiere; Martina Oberhofer; Dmitry Schigel; Beatrice Senn-Irlet; Dorota Wiktorowicz; Marta Wrzosek; Julia Pawłowska
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A total of 561 records of 233 species of fungi are reported from the Polish part of Białowieża Forest as a result of a short-term inventory that was conducted during the 18th Congress of European Mycologists (September 18–29, 2019). Four species new to Poland ( Bryocentria brongniartii , Tremella coppinsii , T. hypocenomycis , and Zevadia peroccidentalis ), and eight species new to Białowieża Primeval Forest ( Hypomyces chrysostomus , Hypomyces rosellus , Lachnellula resinaria ,...
Topics: fungal diversity, lichen diversity, new species, endangered species, short-term inventory, rapid...
Polish Botanical Society
Mar 10, 2021 Piotr Zięba; Agnieszka Sękara; Katarzyna Sułkowska-Ziaja; Bożena Muszyńska
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Humans have used mushrooms from the beginning of their history. However, during the last few decades, the market demand for these fruiting bodies has increased significantly owing to the spread in the capabilities of culinary and pharmacological exploitation. Natural mushroom resources have become insufficient to meet the support needs. Therefore, traditional methods of extensive cultivation as well as modern technologies have been exploited to develop effective growing recommendations for...
Topics: mushroom cultivation, Agaricus bisporus, Auricularia spp., Ganoderma lucidum, Lentinula edodes,...
Polish Botanical Society
Mar 10, 2021 Piotr Chachuła; Marek Halama; Bartosz Pencakowski
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Hodophilus variabilipes , a species hitherto unknown in Poland, has been reported from a single locality in the Pieniny Mts (S Poland). The first studies on H. variabilipes were those of macro- and microscopic features and molecular characteristics (ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 rDNA sequences). Here, a brief description and illustration of H. variabilipes based on Polish material are given, and the ecology and characteristics distinguishing H. variabilipes from related species of the genus Hodophilus are...
Topics: Camarophyllopsis, Hygrotrama, ITS, phylogeny, DNA barcoding, Pieniny National Park
Polish Botanical Society
Mar 10, 2021 Romina G. Manfrino; Louela A. Castrillo; Claudia C. López Lastra; Andrea V. Toledo; Walter Ferrari; Annette B. Jensen
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We characterized 17 insect-pathogenic entomophthoralean fungal isolates (Entomophthoromycotina: Entomophthorales) using morphological and molecular techniques. We identified four species from various insect hosts: ( i ) Entomophthora planchoniana , six specimens from aphids; ( ii ) Pandora neoaphidis , three specimens from aphids; ( iii ) Zoophthora phalloides from an aphid; and ( iv ) Z. radicans , seven specimens from insects in the orders Diptera, Hemiptera, and Lepidoptera. Analysis of ITS1...
Topics: entomopathogens, insect pests, molecular taxonomy, host range
Polish Botanical Society
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This paper presents the results of mycological observations of the Cladonio- Pinetum community in the “Bory Tucholskie” National Park in 2018. Active protection treatments have been performed to protect disappearing communities. This study was conducted using the permanent circular plot method, with each plot having an area of approximately 100 m 2 . Observations were also carried out using the route method outside the plots. Consequently, 71 fungal taxa were found. Among the identified...
Topics: macrofungi, protected area, dry midland coniferous forest, Natura 2000, active protection procedures
Polish Botanical Society
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Improving the productivity of cropping systems in terms of irrigation water use and nitrogen (N) fertilizer and exploring the associated effective physiological traits are priorities mostly in water-limited areas. Therefore, this field experiment was conducted on a clay loam soil (thermic family of Typic Haplargids) in central Iran with the three planting dates of 2016 (June 30), early 2017 (June 10), and late 2017 (July 11). Three forage sorghum genotypes including SF002, SF001, and Pegah,...
Topics: chlorophyll a/b ratio, deficit irrigation, genetic diversity, LAImax, nitrogen use efficiency
Polish Botanical Society
Mar 5, 2021 Somayyeh Eslami Fard; Mehrdad Yarnia; Farhad Farahvash; Ebrahim Khalilvand Behrouzyar; Varahram Rashidi
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In order to investigate the effect of arbuscular mycorrhizas and phosphorus levels on photosynthetic capacity and enzyme activity in peppermint under different water conditions, an experiment was conducted during the 2017–2018 growing seasons. The experimental treatments comprised water deficiency at three levels (a1: irrigation after 70 mm evaporation from pan of Class A, a2: irrigation after 110 mm evaporation from pan of Class A, and a3: irrigation after 150 mm evaporation from pan of...
Topics: catalase, essential oil yield, photosynthetic pigment, peroxidase
Genotype by environment interaction and stability analyses are among the most important evaluations conducted in plant breeding. In this study, we evaluated the yield-related traits of 32 Tunisian barley ( Hordeum vulgare L.) accessions over three consecutive cropping seasons in a semi-arid environment. Phenotypic analysis identified heading date and spike length as the two major traits contributing most to the total phenotypic variation under a semiarid climate. Hierarchical clustering grouped...
Topics: barley, genotype by environment interaction, stability, yield
Polish Botanical Society
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In barley breeding programs, information about genetic dissimilarity and population structure is very important for genetic diversity conservation and new cultivar development. This study aimed to evaluate the genetic variation in Tunisian barley accessions ( Hordeum vulgare L.) based on simple sequence repeat (SSR). A total of 89 alleles were detected at 26 SSR loci. The allele number per locus ranged from two to five, with an average of 3.4 alleles per locus detected from 32 barley...
Topics: barley, molecular screening, phylogenetic analysis, genetic resources
Polish Botanical Society
Mar 5, 2021 Galyna Melnychenko; Myroslava Mylenka; Nadiia Riznychuk; Nataliia Prokopiv
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The results of aeropalynological studies in Ivano-Frankivsk during 2013–2015 are presented in this article. The studies were conducted using a specially designed gravimetric Durham pollen trap installed at a height of 24 m from the ground. We determined that pollen grains of the following taxa dominate in the city’s aeropalynological spectrum: Corylus , Alnus , Betula , Populus , Fraxinus , Salix , Carpinus , Quercus , Pinus , Picea , Poaceae, Urticaceae, Artemisia , and Ambrosia . Pollen...
Topics: aeropalynological spectrum, pollen concentration, pollen seasons, allergenic pollen
Polish Botanical Society
Feb 12, 2021 Jianhui Wu; Weifang Fan; Pengfei Gao; Qingjie Yang; Jing Zhang; Ling Wang
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Cadmium (Cd) stress significantly affects plant growth and development. Potentilla sericea is typically grown in gardens or as ground cover. In this study, the Cd response of P. sericea was analyzed based on physiological examinations and transcriptome analyses that uncovered the gene expression changes in P. sericea roots induced by a 7-day treatment with 90 µmol/L Cd 2+ . A total of 53,225 unigenes were identified, including 11,684 differentially expressed genes (DEGs; 8,083 upregulated and...
Topics: glutathione metabolism, sulfur metabolism
This paper was a part of studies conducted within an island population of the ragwort Senecio umbrosus (White Mt, southeastern Poland), a vulnerable element of xerothermic grasslands. Special attention was paid to the effects of expansive grass encroachment vs. grassland burning episodes on spatiotemporal patterns and life-stage structure of individuals in the population. The population traits were investigated nine times from 1990 to 2010, within three permanent patches differing in soil...
Topics: Brachypodium pinnatum, grassland burning, grassland overgrowing, plant succession, spatial pattern...
Polish Botanical Society
Feb 12, 2021 Zygmunt Kącki; Grzegorz Swacha; Attila Lengyel; Joanna Korzeniak
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The goal of this study was to propose a hierarchically nested classification system comprising four principal levels of the Braun-Blanquet system for Polish grasslands of the class Molinio-Arrhenatheretea . Using the Cocktail method, we defined consistent criteria for delimitation of the class, three orders, nine alliances, and 45 associations. Formal definitions were prepared using the summed cover and presence/absence information of species groups and individual dominant species. We created...
Topics: Cocktail method, vegetation classification, Molinio-Arrhenatheretea, syntaxonomy, diversity,...
Polish Botanical Society
Feb 12, 2021 Xiaofang Li; Zhaohui Zhang; Zhihui Wang; Kuangzheng Shi
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The negative landform of sinkholes provides belowground level refugia for a high diversity of forest species compared to the forests on the surface of surrounding karst plateaus in southeastern China. Bryophyte diversity in sinkhole forests is also likely to be high. In this study, bryophytes of an underground forest sinkhole (UFS), and two forests (Forest Karst Mountain 1; FKM1) and (Forest Karst Mountain 2; FKM2) on the surface of the karst plateau were compared to understand the role of the...
Topics: negative landform, natural refuge, complex microenvironment, karst rocky desertification, natural...