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by Aggeliki Kallianou, Cultural Studies, Hellenic Open University
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The Greek Revolution radically overthrew the existing Ottoman dominion from 1453 to 1821, with the immediate result of the creation of the new state, independent of the Ottoman Empire, with a homogeneous population, where the Greeks could exercise power and promote their interests. In this paper we will try to analyze the economic factors and how they contributed in the formation of the newly created Greek state, which was economically weak in relation to the northern regions and the eastern...
Topics: Greek Economy, Greek Revolution, Greek Industry, Raisin Crisis, Bankruptcy, National Bank,...
Archive (Athens)
by Aggeliki Kallianou, Cultural Studies, Hellenic Open University; Giannis Michalitsis, MBA, Panteion University; Mafredas Thomas, Dr. University of West Attica; Briasoulis Konstantinos, Interdepartmental Postgraduate Program, National and Kapodistrian University, University of Patra, University of the Aegean; Golomazou Theodora, MA in Adult Education, Hellenic Open University; Ioannidou Anna, MA in Law, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
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Μιχαλίτσης, Γ. (2021). Η σχέση μεταξύ αμφιδέξιας συμπεριφοράς, αντιλήψεων για την οργανωσιακή πολιτική και εργασιακών αποτελεσμάτων, Archive, 17(2) σσ. 6-33.  Μαφρέδας, Θ. (2021), Μανουήλ ο Κορίνθιος: Μέγας Ρήτωρ και Λογοθέτης της Μεγάλης του Χριστού Εκκλησίας, Archive, 17(2), σσ. 34-42. ...
Topics: Religion, Archaeology,Education, History, Politics, Biography, Archaeology, Education, Theatrical...
Archive (Athens)
by Athanasopoulos Panagiotis, Archaeologist, University of Thessaly
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Depictions of Negroes and Pygmies occupy a special place in ancient Greek pottery and iconography. The artistic value and stylistic peculiarities of these vessels go hand in hand, in almost every case, with a disposition of a sociological and anthropological approach to the subject. Their entry into the ancient Greek world aroused the interest of artists and was the trigger and the means for Greek art to take a direction that would serve the specific political needs of ancient Greek society...
Topics: Archaeology, Ancient Geek Pottery, Negroes, Pygmies
Archive (Athens)
by Athanasopoulos Panagiotis, Archaeologist, University of Thessaly
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Problems posed by Homeric geography, and especially the wanderings of Odysseus, had excited scholars and historians since antiquity. Starting from the journeys described in the Odyssey, two main contexts of research were developed. On the first context belong those who argued that the places Odysseus visited could be identified with specific points on the map (either in the Mediterranean basin or across the Straits of Gibraltar in the Atlantic Ocean). On the second context belong researchers...
Topics: Archaeology, Odysseus, Homeric Geography
Archive (Athens)
by Batargias Triantafyllos, Cultural Studies, Hellenic Open University
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In Cavafy’s poetry, scholars (but also Cavafy himself) seem to distinguish poems in three different categories: the philosophical, the hedonistic, and the historical. Most of the time, however, it happens that a poem belongs to a specific area because it is more characteristic or we just have the feeling that it is superior, while in the poem there are elements that belong to both or both “areas” at the same time.
Topics: Literature, Constantine P. Cavafy
Archive (Athens)
by Batargias Triantafyllos, Cultural Studies, Hellenic Open University
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"Chrysovergouli" is a fairy tale from Leros island in Dodecanese recorded in 2004 and "The King Snake" is a fairy tale from Kakasd, in Hungary, recorded in 1950. The study of these two fairy tales is at the same time a general look at the characteristics of the fairy tale as a genre, in rules, its aesthetic and stylistic features, the functions and the actors (based on the morphology of Prop), the highlighting of the local elements and the recognition of the fairy-tale...
Topics: Anthropology, Tales, Narrative, Folklore, Narrative structure
Archive (Athens)
by Briasoulis Konstantinos, Interdepartmental Postgraduate Program, National and Kapodistrian University, University of Patra, University of the Aegean
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In recent years, there has been a coordinated effort worldwide for the development of monuments and archaeological sites. With the change of socio-political conditions and the rise of the standard of living and education, it has become clear that going back to the past and to a better understanding of human history, can be beneficial for the future of modern man. The man of the 20th century wants to get in touch with his history, in order to escape even a little from the harsh reality, which...
Topics: Archaeology, Theatrical Studies, Natural Lighting, Artificial lighting
Archive (Athens)
by Cosmidis Dimitris, Dr. University of the Aegean; Lymperis Nikos, Maître des Conferences, Paris VI University
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If the relation between Greeks and Persians is not a story of love and hate (another aspect of love), it is at least a very interesting story. The Persian military campaigns to Asia Minor and Greece, each one with the participation of hundreds of thousands of warriors led by the richest kings of the time, such as Xerxes and Darius, could not possibly aim at the Greeks’ “riches”. Fascination with the Aegean civilization seems a more likely motive from the point of view of Persia, the other...
Topics: History, Archaeology, Anthropology, Alexander the Great
Archive (Athens)
by Dascalopoulou Sofia, Prof. Emerita, University of the Aegean
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[Les] Anoyia de Mylopotamos est un village de la préfecture de Réthymnon et chef-lieu de la municipalité homonyme (dème) d’Anoyia. La bourgade est située sur le versant nord de Psiloritis (Mont Ida), sur la crête appelée Armi, à une altitude de 700 à 790 mètres. Il est à 52 km de Réthymnon et à 36 km d’Héraklion. Le village, avec une population de 2.454 habitants, se divise en 5 districts – Synoikismos, Metohi, Mesohoria, Aï Yioryis (saint Georges), Aï Yiannis ou Kavalaria...
Topics: Anoyia, Familles Lineaires, L' espace socio-culturel
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The transition from the exotic to the familiar inevitably led European ethnologists and anthropologists of the second half of the 20th century to the need to apply (but also test) their epistemological concepts and tools in the historical space of rural societies, by giving priority and special importance in the “curious samples” of social organization and socio-cultural behaviors, which could then be detected among the so-called traditional societies.
Topics: Anthropology, Kinship, Family, Ethnology
Archive (Athens)
by Dascalopoulou Sofia, Prof. Emerita, University of the Aegean
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In the following paper we focus on the social reaction against the expansion of the “celibacy zone”, which the church and the relevant Byzantine canons (10th and 11th century) tried to restore. To understand this reaction, suffice it to recall that the rural communities that today make up for the most part modern societies with complex structures (Levi-Strauss 1949) –to which we belong- used to be relatively limited population groups with endogamic reproductive tendencies. These are...
Topics: Anthropology, Ethnology, Nuptiality
Archive (Athens)
by Dascalopoulou Sofia, Prof. Emerita, University of the Aegean; Vernicos Nicolas, Prof. Emeritus, University of the Aegean
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Dry stone structures have been a tool for the control and humanization of space since prehistory. The stone was used as well as fire to shape and utilize the natural environment of humans. The space that has been shaped by dry stone constructions becomes a place where the special relations between the societies and their natural environment develop, where the people intervene and create micro-environments and microclimates. These relationships acquire meaning within a “culture”, or many...
Topics: Anthropology, Dry-Stone, Environment, Micro-Climate
Archive (Athens)
by Dascalopoulou Sofia, Prof. Emerita, University of the Aegean; Vernicos Nicolas, Prof. Emeritus, University of the Aegean
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Connue sous le nom de Pont Euxin, la mer Noire a depuis l’antiquité constitue, pour les Grecs, le «pontos» (i.e. la mer) par excellence pour la navigation, le commerce des produits alimentaires et des matières premières. C’était aussi vers ses rivages que se dirigèrent des vagues de migrations successives qui ont conduit à la création d’un réseau de colonies côtières qui hellénisèrent le bassin pontique ou les colons coexistaient avec les peuples riverains. Cette situation...
Topics: Autochtonéité des Krim Roum, Colonies Grecques et Pontiques, L' Hellénisme du Pont Euxin Grecs...
Archive (Athens)
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In conditions of economic globalization, there is a tendency to redefine business strategies with a view to integrating the principles of corporate social responsibility (CSR). Although the new orthodoxy in management involves respect for human rights and the environment in the context of sustainable development, the question of whether and to what extent business ethics can be attuned to social values and expectations remains a major issue in practice. Although in Western societies the era of...
Topics: Corporate Social Responsibility, Political Economy, Sustainable Development
Archive (Athens)
by Dimoglidis Vasileios, Ph.D. Student, University of Cincinnati
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The aim of this paper is to present the evolutionary course of Phaedra’s erotic passion for her stepson, Hippolytus, in Euripides’ homonymous tragedy. Simultaneously, another point that will be discussed is the formation of passion by other dramatic persons, particularly the Nurse and Hippolytus. This paper was presented, in an early version, at the Second Annual Classics Conference held by the Association of Graduate Students and PhD Candidates of Philology Department at the University of...
Topics: Theatrical Studies, Euripides, Hippolytus
Archive (Athens)
by Dimoglidis Vasileios, Ph.D. Student, University of Cincinnati
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Ο Ίων του Ευριπίδη είναι ένα άγνωστο και αμφιλεγόμενο έργο. Η χρονολόγησή του είναι αβέβαιη και ο Lesky το χρονολογεί μεταξύ του 414 και του 413 ΠΚΕ. Άγνωστα είναι και τα άλλα τρία έργα της τετραλογίας, με τα οποία ο Ευριπίδης συμμετείχε στον δραματικό διαγωνισμό, όπως και οι...
Topics: Dramatic Art, Theater Studies, Euripides, Ion, Models of Emotion Reaction, Tragic Heroine
Archive (Athens)
by Dimoglidis Vasileios, Ph.D. Student, University of Cincinnati
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This essay is a small pilot part of a forthcoming paper that examines the translation attempts for ancient tragedy. The system of criticism of translation in Greek tragedy is a system established by assistant professor of Ancient Greek and Latin Literature Helen Gasti in her lectures of Ancient Greek Tragedy. Many times this system has been misinterpreted and is rated as abstruse. However this is an unfair judgment. Through this system is distinguished each translator’s interpretative...
Topics: Philology, Criticism of translation in Greek Tragedy, Euripides
Archive (Athens)
by Emmanouilidou Eleutheria, Pediatrician, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
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In recent decades, with the progress made in the treatment of acute and infectious diseases, there has been a significant shift in the interest of physicians and pediatricians in the particular problems of chronic diseases. With the increase in the life expectancy of adolescents with chronic diseases, a need arose to improve the quality of life of an increasing number of these individuals.
Topics: Biomedicine, Adolescents with Special Needs, Sexual development
Archive (Athens)
by Emmanouilidou Eleutheria, Pediatrician, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
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Puberty constitutes one interval in individual’s life of enormous social, biological, psychological and intellectual change. The confrontation of chronic disease adds one more dimension in the life of adolescents. Because of the important progress on medicine more and more adolescents -concerning the past- live productive lives, despite the fact that they experience a serious illness.
Topics: Biomedicine, Chronic Disease, Adolescence
Archive (Athens)
by Evaggelia Galanou, Cultural Studies, Hellenic Open University
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Since the proclamation of Athens as the capital of Athens and the first spatial plans of Kleanthis-Schaubert and even Klenze, Omonia Square has been an important place of cultural, social and economic meeting. Throughout its history, the square has become the subject of constant redesigns that changed it -even its name- sometimes upgrading and sometimes degrading it aesthetically. Omonia Square has been associated with the work of the sculptors of the Muses, with the work of important...
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Topics: Klenze, Schaubert, Ziller, Zongolopoulos, Varotsos, Urban planning, Neo-classicism, Modern Art,...
Archive (Athens)
by Filippopoulos Michalis, Cultural Studies, Hellenic Open University
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From an entire millennium of the Byzantine Empire, in this essay we will focus on two important centuries, 11th and 12th. What will mainly concern us is the Byzantine society in relation to the “others”, that is minorities and groups of people of foreign origin and religion. This essay is divided into two main parts. In the first we will describe the ways and means through which the inhabitants of the Byzantine Empire came in contact with the groups of individuals mentioned above. These...
Topics: Byzantine Studies, Byzantine Empire
The term organizational ambidexterity represents the dual ability of an organization to be effective in managing current business requirements and at the same time adaptable to changes in the environment. Applied at the level of the organization, ambidexterity represents the ability of the organization to take advantage of its current capabilities, while at the same time exploring substantially new capabilities. In other words, the organization is creative and adaptable, while continuing to...
Topics: Ambidexterity, Perceived organizational politics, Work outcomes
Archive (Athens)
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Any attempt to highlight the elements of prehistoric art is a de facto complex process and requires specific typological and genre classifications. Based on the above mentioned, this essay spans in two separate sections. The first describes three prehistoric works -a Cycladic vase, a Minoan fresco and a Mycenaean blade- and highlights their stylistic and cultural features. The second section describes an Attic geometric vase and an archaic Attic column, and attempts to incorporate them into the...
Topics: Archaeology, Art, Prehistory
Archive (Athens)
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Intercultural education and assimilative education are two educational models with radically opposite orientations and goals. They represent two different roles of education in managing the issue of social diversity and require different educational policies and programs, focused on either the idea of assimilation or the idea of the right to cultural particularity. This essay explores the assimilation and intercultural practices in education and attempts a critical approach to the Greek...
Topics: Adult Education, Intercultural Education, Assimilative Education
School violence and bullying are human behaviors that occur in the school environment and are often - though not necessarily - associated with issues of ethno-cultural diversity. Ethno-culturally diverse students are sometimes blamed for incidents of violence, a phenomenon that is observed both in the media and in everyday life. The scientific research on the subject presents on the one hand the picture of the systematic victimization of students with ethno-cultural peculiarities; on the other...
Topics: School violence, Ethno-cultural diversity, School bullying
Archive (Athens)
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In the aftermath of the historic, global-scale changes of September 11th, 2001, reflections have being developed on the hot issues of reshaping the state-citizen relationship in a society of fear, strengthening of the state, updating the war as a policy-making tool, and the shrinking of citizens’ rights on the altar of the ideology of security and protection of human life. With the focus on terrorism, criminal repression, civil rights, globalization, issues have being raised on the issues of...
Topics: Law, Ideology of Security, Anti-terrorist Law, Militarism, Mass Media, Social Unrest
Archive (Athens)
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This essay analyzes the most important points of the political philosophy of John Locke. It presents the empirical theory of knowledge and the relation between the individual, the ideas and the reality. At the heart of Locke’s political philosophy stands the right of citizens to protect their property, life and liberty. Moreover, the essay gives emphasis on the Two Treatises of Government, where Locke defends the theory of social contract, natural law and natural rights. The goal of this...
Topics: Political Philosophy, John Locke, Social Contract, Natural Law
Archive (Athens)
by Ioannidou Anna, MA in Law, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
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Antonio Gramsci was one of the most important Marxist thinkers in the 20th century. His writings are heavily concerned with the analysis of state, culture, political leadership, Ideological Hegemony, Intellectuals and political parties. He spent his last eleven years in Mussolini s prisons, where he wrote 32 “Notebooks”. The central and guiding theme of these Notebooks was the development of a new Marxist theory, applicable to the conditions of advanced capitalism. Gramsci saw the role of...
Topics: Antonio Gramsci, State, Hegemony, L Ordine Nuovo, Il Grido di Popolo, Notebooks, Intellectuals
Archive (Athens)
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The purpose of this paper is to present the constitutional framework for the protection of the individual right to property during the revolutionary period, where the effort is being made to organize and form the Greek state according to the bourgeois liberal European model. Property in the period under study, due to its great social and economic importance, is placed at the center of political upheavals, both at national and European level.
Topics: Law Individual Right to Property, Greek Revolutionary Constitutions
Archive (Athens)
by Ioannidou Anna, MA in Law, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
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The subject of this paper is the International Court of Justice in The Hague and its multidimensional role in resolving transnational disputes in the international community. In particular, it focuses on the process of appeal of a country before it and the conditions for its legalization. At the same time, emphasis is placed on the consent of the parties and the process of concluding the joint agreement. Finally, an attempt is made to assess the contribution of the International Court of...
Topics: Law, International Court of Justice in The Hague, Transnational Disputes
Archive (Athens)
by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos Dr. University of the Aegean
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The painter of (the vase) of Piraeus was one of the first painters of black-figure pottery and it seems that he was active between 630 and 600 BCE. He is a representative of the Late Proto-Attic period of pottery production, which is related to Piraeus’ and Nessos’ amphoras. However the obvious difference in the quality of the glaze raises reasonable questions: Was a different kind of clay used? The differences are byproducts of technique used in firing? Does clay come from Attic land? Has...
Topics: Archaeology, Archaeometry, Ancient Greek Pottery, Piraeus Painter
Archive (Athens)
by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Mavromatti, M. 2013, Symeon Stylites: His three Lives as versions of history, 6-15. Βενετοπούλου, Π. 2013, Η ηθική φιλοσοφία του Τόμας Χομπς, 16-24. Φιλιππόπουλος, Μ. 2013, Οι Βυζαντινοί και οι άλλοι τον 11o και 12o αιώνα, 25-29. Σιούλη Κατάκη, Ζ. 2013, Το πρωτογενές τελετουργικό δρώμενο της μουσικής, του χορού και...
Topic: Archaeology, Medieval History, Art, History, Byzantine Studies
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Μαστοράκη, Α. 2012, Ειρωνεία και Ουμανισμός στο Μωρίας Εγκώμιον, 6-9. Καλογερόπουλος, Κ. 2012, Ήρωες θεραπευτές και Ασκληπιός, 10-15. Τσοπάνης, Κ. 2012, Ορθοδοξία και Ισλάμ, προσεγγίσεις και αντιπαλότητες, 16-22. Κωνσταντάκης, Ν., Παλαιγεωργίου, Γ., Σιώζος, Π. 2012, Η Διδακτική της...
Topics: Philology, Mythology, Economy, Environment, Archaeology, Medicine, Religion
Archive (Athens)
by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Research in this essay is focusing to the image of women in archaic poetry, identifying possible differences between epic and lyric poetry. Our research here focuses on examining the roles that women take on in specific passages, which elements of female personality are emphasized and how male-female relationships are presented. In order, of course, to understand the conceptual frameworks in which such a search finds its expression, we need -even briefly- to turn to the space and time of...
Topics: Philology, Anthropology, Woman Studies, Epic Poetry, Lyric Poetry
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Exploring the status of non-citizenship in antiquity we will show the characteristics non-citizens population group in two different ancient cities-states with parallel course in classical era, Athens and Sparta, delimiting their contribution to city life and -to the extent that this is possible- we will compare them with the population groups of citizens of northern countries, who live and work legally or illegally in modern Greece. Since the time of writing this essay, much has changed...
Topics: Archaeology, Anthropology, Citizenship, Classical Athens, Classical Sparta
Archive (Athens)
by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Identifying key features of specific literary genres of the Hellenistic period –epigram, novel, and biography- we will focus on specific passages, in order to research for features of poetry in the Hellenistic epigrams. Then, exploring a scene in the novel Ta kata Leukippēn kai Kleitophōnta, (The Adventures of Leucippe and Clitophon) we will highlight the elements that reflect the relationship of the individual with the wider social changes of his time. Finally, we will show the principles...
Topics: Literature, Epigram, Novel, Biography, Hellenistic Period
Archive (Athens)
by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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In this short essay research is focusing on recognition of naturalistic elements in the short story of K. Theotokis “Pistoma”, and the inclusion of the poems “Thaleros” and “Prayer” in the thematic circles of A. Sikelianos’s poetry. Also the investigation of the relationship of the poems “Return”, and “Optimism” within the thematic circle of Karyotakis’s poetry. A concise approach is also attempted to the problematic ethics in relation to literary criticism and...
Topics: Literature, Konstantinos Theotokis, Angelos Sikelianos, Kostas Karyotakis
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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In his work On War, Karl von Klausewitz reveals the essence of war as the exercise of the power of war to achieve political goals. He describes it as a method of achieving the aspirations of a nation, unrestricted by any law other than that which leads to the completion of the purpose. The “survival of the fittest” -a concept that does not necessarily coincide with that of the “most appropriate”- as Huxley has shown, is not only a biological but also a social idea and allows us in part...
Topics: History, Politics, On War, Herodotus, Thoucydides, Isocrates, Demosthenes
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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In this paper we are analyzing two different approaches to the essence and functionality of the Greek language, based on the presentation of two scientists in a conference on “The Greek language in the enlarged European Union”. Then, we are presenting our personal opinion about the Greek language, synthetic and differentiated from the modern tendencies of specialization of linguistic science. Certainly, modern scientific views and reflections on the Greek language are significantly...
Topics: Linguistics, Greek Language, Ideology
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Although Asclepius is not considered an important god of Greek mythology he is a central figure in the context of archetypal hero-healers. He also took part in the journey of the Argonauts and the hunt for Caledonian Boar, a fact that includes him in the lives of the most important heroes of Greek mythology. Asclepius was also an important figure in the drama that that has been unfolded between Apollo, Zeus and the Cyclops, known to us through the theatrical drama of Euripides Alcestis.
Topics: Anthropology, Hero-Healer, Asclepius, Asclepius
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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During 19th century Greece is characterized politically and culturally by the arrival of King Otto. This had the consequence of putting the activities of the young Greek state under the guidance of the extremely art-loving and philhellene monarch Ludwig I of Bavaria. Thus began Greece's relations with Munich, the capital of the Bavarian state, a major European center of letters and arts, and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Munich. Ludwig was impressed by the Greek antiquities, by the Greek...
Topics: Architecture, Visual Arts, Neoclassicism, Munich School, Neoclassical Architecture
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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According to Rowan (2010) study of religion and ritual in the archaeological context is usually related to research into the “world religions” especially those with sacred texts and iconographic framework. A new form of archaeological approach focuses on the understanding of the material forms of religion, through the combination of multiple perspectives and different methodological approaches. Modern archaeological research on religion can be based on three factors. One is the timeless...
Topics: Archaeology, Religion, Worship, Archaeological Context, Agency
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Δασκαλοπούλου, Σ. 2020, Γαμηλιότητα: Οι προτιμήσεις και οι κανόνες, 6-38. Καλογερόπουλος, Κ. 2020, Η θρησκεία και η λατρεία στο αρχαιολογικό πλαίσιο, 39-45. Ιωαννίδου, Α. 2020, O ρόλος του διεθνούς δικαστηρίου της Χάγης στη διεθνή κοινότητα, 46-54. Γκολομάζου, Θ. 2020, Αφομοιωτικό...
Topics: Anthropology, Archaeology, Law, Education, Architecture
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Ιωαννίδου, Α. 2016, Το ατομικό δικαίωμα της ιδιοκτησίας στα ελληνικά επαναστατικά Συντάγματα, 12, 6-13. Λαγουδάκη, Ε. 2016, Το επιχείρημα της ιδιωτικής γλώσσας, 14-18. Μαστοράκη, Α. 2016, Παλαιολιθική εγκατάσταση – Νεολιθικός οικισμός – Πόλη της Εποχής του Χαλκού, 19-28....
Topics: Law, Philosophy, Archaeology, Anthropology
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Εμμανουηλίδου, Ελ. 2015, Η σεξουαλική ανάπτυξη και ζωή των εφήβων με ειδικές ανάγκες, 6-14. Βουλιάκης, Π. 2015, Αναγέννηση και Μεταρρύθμιση: Η συμβολή τους στην κατάλυση των πεποιθήσεων και αξιών που κυριαρχούσαν τον Μεσαίωνα, 15-25. Βενετοπούλου, Π. 2015, Η φιλοσοφία απλή...
Topics: Biomedicine, Philosophy, Literature, Archaeology, History, Medieval History, History, Philosophy,...
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In this paper we are focusing to the special relationship between oaths, curses and legal practices in the social-religious environment of ancient Greek society, showing the dynamics of language -especially oral speech- in this field. In fact, in such a study, the question is the relationship between law and magic, since curses, katadesmoi (curse tablets), magic papyri and any other magical-religious practices are in fact the only means of practicing magic, and to a certain extent are...
Topics: Oaths, Curses, Curse Tablets, Magical Papyri, Legal Practices, Ancient Greece
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Ιωαννίδου, Α. 2018, Εμπειρισμός, κοινωνικό συμβόλαιο και ιδιοποίηση στην πολιτική φιλοσοφία του Locke, 6-14. Μαστοράκη, Α. 2018, Η έννοια της αρετής στον Αριστοτέλη, Archive, 14, 15-21. Vernicos, N., Dascalopoulou, S. 2018, Information and the Human Use Systems, 22-32. Σκαπινάκης, Π., Γερμενής, Α. 2018, Κριτική αξιολόγηση...
Topics: Philosophy, Anthropology, Medicine, Sociology
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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According to the legend, Thetis gave birth to a son, Achilles, whom she tried unsuccessfully to make immortal. In another version of the myth, the infant's body was anointed with ambrosia and set on fire in order to burn the mortal parts. When she was interrupted by the frightened father of the child, she angrily left her home. In a later version, the child is said to have sunk into the river Styx, holding it by the heel. All points touched by the river became invulnerable. The heel, however,...
Topics: Anthropology, Mythology, Philology, Thetis, Homeric Narrative
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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In this sort essay research is focusing on three frescoes belonging to different Aegean cultures of Bronze Age. Then an attempt is made to interpret them and observe their similarities or differences with other art forms of the same period (parallels) so as to draw conclusions about the relationships and interactions between cultures.
Topics: Archaeology, Acient Greek Art, Minoan Civilization, Cycladic Civilization, Mycenaean Civilization:...
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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This paper is focusing, as much as space allows, on the way the multifaceted Byzantine literature is related to the execution of the state and religious functions of Byzantium. In order to reach such conclusions, we need to know to some extent the relations between church and state during the Byzantine period, but also to know the types of Byzantine literature, i.e. issues that we will address -even briefly- in the present study. We will, however, take for granted the basic knowledge of the...
Topics: Philology, Byzantine Studies, Byzantine Literature
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In this short essay we are researching naturalism and abstraction as trends in specific samples of early Byzantine art from the field of sculpture, painting and small crafts. The transition from naturalism to abstraction is a dominant element in the process of the historical transition of art from the Late Roman to the Early Byzantine period and is therefore a turning point in distinguishing and establishing a truly unique conception of the art.
Topics: Archaeology, Byzantine Studies, Early Byzantine Art, Naturalism, Abstraction
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Tsopanis, K. 2006, Mysticism in Ancient Greece, pp. 6-14. (In Greek) Kalogeropoulos, K. 2006, Ancient Greek monumental sculpture fron Archaic til Hellenistic period, pp 15-23. (In Greek) Tsopanis, K. 2006, Zalmoxis and Geto-Dacians: The Getic myth of northern Thracian tribes, pp. 24-39. (In Greek) Kalogeropoulos, K. 2006, Minoan, Cycladic and Mycenean frescoes, pp. 40-45. (In Greek) Tsopanis, K. 2006, Homophagy in the Orphic and Dionysian mysteries, pp. 46-54. (In Greek)...
Topics: Religion, Ancient Greek Art, Archaeology,, Greek Culture, Religion
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Κ. Καλογερόπουλος: Ζητήματα Ελληνικού Πολιτισμού Η ελληνική πόλις από την προϊστορία έως τη ρωμαϊκή εποχή, 6-18. Η εκπαίδευση στην αρχαία Ελλάδα, 19-26. Προσεγγίσεις στην ελληνική γλώσσα, 27-35. Ποιος σκότωσε τον Όμηρο; 36-44. Κεκαυμένου «Στρατηγικόν»: το Βυζάντιο στον...
Topics: Culture, Archaeology, History, Anthropology, Byzantine Studies, archaeology, history, anthropology
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Σιούλη Κατάκη, Ζ. 2009, Το Γλωσσικό Ζήτημα, 6-11. Μαστοράκη, Α. 2009, Ανατολική Μεσόγειος 2000 ΠΚΕ, 12-21. Καλογερόπουλος, Κ. 2009, Πολιτικός ρεαλισμός και πολεμική δύναμη στην αρχαιότητα, 22-28. Μαστοράκη, Α. 2009, Διαδρομές στη νεοελληνική τέχνη, 33-43. Σιούλη Κατάκη Ζ. 2009, Θεϊκή επενέργεια και...
Topics: Linguistics, Archaeology, Philology, Art, Byzantine Studies, Medicine, πολιτικός...
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Καλογερόπουλος, Κ. 2007, Οι φορητές εικόνες στη βυζαντινή και μεταβυζαντινή καλλιτεχνική παραγωγή, 6-13. Τσοπάνης, Κ. 2007, Το ιερό ως θεϊκή αποκάλυψη, 14-19. Καλογερόπουλος, Κ. 2007, Εικαστικά και αρχιτεκτονικά θέματα του 19ου αιώνα, 20-24. Τσοπάνης, Κ. 2007, Μυστικισμός και...
Topics: Studies in Greek Culture, Byzantine Studies, Religion, Anthropology, Anthropology, Religion, Art,...
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Καλογερόπουλος, Κ. 2010, Κ. Θεοτόκης, Α. Σικελιανός, Κ. Καρυωτάκης, 6-11.  Τσοπάνης, Κ. 2010, Οι μυήσεις του αυτοκράτορα Ιουλιανού, 11-25.  Μαστοράκη, Α. 2010, Ο Ρομαντισμός στη λογοτεχνία, 26-29.  Καλογερόπουλος, Κ. 2010, Έγκλημα και Τιμωρία στο Βυζάντιο, 30-35. Μόντη, Κ. 2010, Το σύνδρομο...
Topic: Literature, Religion, Medicine, Philosophy, History
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα   Μπαταργιάς, T. 2011, Κ. Καβάφης: Απόπειρα ερμηνευτικής ανάλυσης σε επτά από τα ποιήματά του, 6-12.  Καλογερόπουλος, Κ. 2011, Ο χορός στην αρχαία Ελλάδα,13-19.  Μόντη, Κ. 2011, Ο Πόνος, 20-24.  Καλογερόπουλος, Κ. 2011, Θέτις, η θεϊκή προστασία στην ομηρική αφήγηση, 25-31.  Βερόνα, Ο. 2011,...
Topics: Archaeology, Anthropology, Religion, Culture
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In the following essay is attempted a brief recording of the historical course of Greek monumental sculpture and its connections with the social or political developments of each era. The Greek sculpture of ancient times in the course of its formation over the centuries was influenced, mainly by civilizations that intersected within the major trade routes. However, this form of art managed in a relatively short period of time to develop a characteristic outline, in the form of monumental...
Topics: Archaeology, Ancient Greek Art, Monumental Sculpture
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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From Dodekádeltos to the last reforms of the late Byzantine era Roman law shows a constant trend for renewal, in terms of its relationship with institutions and individuals. In this essay we investigate its path in the Byzantine context and we will try to briefly record the way in which justice was rendered in the Byzantine administrative context.
Topics: Law, Dodekádeltos, Roman Law, Codex Iustinianus, Codex Theodosianus, History, Novelae
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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According to Werner Jagger, in his prominent work Paidei a, song and dances were used in the music education of early Greece. They lost this function in the new, intellectual world, and survived (especially in Athens) only as highly sophisticated art forms. However, when Plato dealt with the formation of morality during his early youth, he felt that there was nothing in modern education that could replace them.
Topics: Anthropology, Dance, Ancient Greece
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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All attempts to identify and characterize the elements of the Greek city-state in the course of history involve elements from many different historical sources, as well as the testimony of archaeological science, the work of which is partly the reconstruction of images of the past based on the elements brought to the surface through excavations. Undoubtedly in many cases the testimonies or assumptions made in the light of new findings often clash or reshape and this means that one cannot be...
Topics: City-State, Prehistory, Archaic Period, Classical period, Hellenistic Period, Roman Period
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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In this essay we critically approach the concepts of Mass Culture, High Art, Cultural Relativism and European Ethnocentrism in relation to the views of the authors Victor Davis Hanson and John Heath in their book  Who Killed Homer? . It is clear that before focusing on any attempt to correlate concepts and views, it is necessary to try to define -as far as possible within a dynamic system of ideas that are constantly evolving and changing- what these concepts mean in modern times and how we...
Topics: European Ethocentrism, Mass Culture, High Art, Cultural Relativism, Ideology, Mass Culture, High...
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Magic in Byzantine era is a case that certainly needs much more space than one has in the limited context of a paper. As a matter of fact, we will focus on some elements that we considered indicative of our topic and quite informative, leaving aside the general considerations. More details, moreover, and a more extensive analysis of the subject can be sought by the persistent researcher in the very good efforts of modern Greek scientists. Beyond Michael Psellos historical context we ground this...
Topics: Archaeology, Anthropology, Byzantine Studies
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Etruscans developed an impressive culture since 8th century BCE. Their art as special cultural expression attracted the attention of researchers and sightseers even before archeology turned to be an officially scientific discipline. The interest of Etruscans for burial rituals and the adoration of “dead” inherited to us an astonishing collection of well-maintained remains of their culture. The immense dimensions of cemeteries, the architecture of graves and the abundance of artefacts are...
Topics: Archaeology, Etruscans, Burial Rituals, Afterworld
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In this short essay an important field of Byzantine and post-Byzantine artistic production, is researched, the portable icons, as it evolved over time, from the 6th to the 17th century. The use of specific examples becomes particularly necessary in this case, due to the limited space that does not favor the development of theoretical approaches, although the ideological background of the image is an important case study of how art can function as a means of overcoming perceptible world in order...
Topics: Byzantine Studies, Byzantine Art, Portable Icons
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Archaeological science, also known as Archaeometry, is related to the application of scientific techniques, physical and chemical, for the analysis of archaeological materials, with the main goal of dating them. Dating methods used not only for archeology, are two, relative and absolute dating. Relative dating is the science of determining the relative order of past events. Before the discovery of radiometric dating in the early 20th century has been used in geology, to correlate rock or...
Topics: Archaeology, Archaeometry, Absolute dating, Relative dating
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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The following excerpt, part of Platonic dialogue -in indirect speech narrative, stylistic and genre innovation of Plato- examines through Socrates and the participants the general problem of physics and cause, as well as the idea as a cause of birth, decay and existence. The aim of our approach is to record firstly the views of pre-Socratic philosophers, especially Anaxagoras, on knowledge and sensory perception, as described by Socrates, and to compare them with our modern perceptions of...
Topics: Philosopy, Platonic Dialogues, Phaedo, Pre-Socratics
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Καλογερόπουλος, Κ. 2008, Βυζαντινή γραμματεία: κρατικές και θρησκευτικές λειτουργίες, 6-13. Τσοπάνης, Κ. 2008, Τα μυστήρια του Μίθρα, 14-24. Καλογερόπουλος, Κ. 2008, Οι μη πολίτες στην κλασική Αθήνα και Σπάρτη, 25-30. Μαστοράκη, Α. 2008, Ποιήματα ποιητικής: Καβάφης-Καρυωτάκης, 31-36....
Topics: Byzantine Studies, Religion, Literature, Archaeology, Anthropology Religion, Art
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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n the following paper we briefly present the characteristics of the Athenian democracy, based on the narrative of Thucydides. We will also raise the issue of slavery based on Aristotle’s ideas for the acquisition of virtue and involvement in politics, and the issue of the position of women in ancient Greek society based on a specific passage by Thucydides. Although three different and equally important issues of the public and private life of the ancient Greeks are identified, three seemingly...
Topics: Archaeology, History, Woman Studies, Slavery, Democracy
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Although not exactly a practical handbook for the military or full of strategies and theoretical treatises on war, Kekaumenos’ Strategikon is a text unique in its kind because of its social context. Its uniqueness does not stop here. It provides an image of public and private Byzantine life from within. It is a living testimony to historiography, which tries to draw social information about this very sensitive period of Byzantine life. The 11th century is a century of turmoil and gradual loss...
Topics: Byzantine Studies, Kekaumenos' Strategikon, Byzantine Society
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Αim of this paper is to highlight and record the political manifestations of the Great Idea, as they are presented in 19th century Greece. The Great Idea is a diverse concept, proportional to the field in which it is expressed during this period, which makes it partly problematic for historical research. The emergence of this idea in the collective consciousness of the young Greek nation is not spontaneous or momentary, but seems to come as a result of the emergence of the phenomenon of...
Topics: History, Ethnicism, Great Idea, Conscious Nationalist Movements, Consious Nationalist Movements
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Καλογερόπουλος, Κ. 2017, Η κάθαρση στην αρχαιοελληνική γραμματεία, 13, 6-11. Dimoglidis, V. 2017, The course of Phaedra’s erotic passion in Euripides’ Hippolytus, 12-21. Βερνίκος, Ν. 2017, Ένα επαναστατικό σχέδιο των Ελλήνων της Ηπείρου, Θεσσαλίας και Μακεδονίας 1806-1807 και η ανταρσία του Θύμιου Βλαχάβα το 1808,...
Topics: Religion, Catharsis, Ancient Greek Mysteries, Philology, History
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Ψυλλίδης, Α. 2014, Στρατηγικές για μια Περιβαλλοντικά Βιώσιμη Αστική Ανασυγκρότηση, 6-13. Τσοπάνης, Κ. 2014, Μιχαήλ Εμινέσκου (1850 Μολδαβία – 1889 Βουκουρέστι), 14-20. Κουτσόκωστας, Π. 2014, Οι απόψεις του M.D. Fullerton για τα Νεοαττικά Γλυπτά, 21-28. Dimoglidis, V. 2014, Attempts for Philological Critique of...
Topics: Architecture, Biography, Archaeology, Philology, Medicine, Philosophy
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Rackham, O., Vernicos, N. 2019, Chalki in the Dodecanese, 6-31. Μαστοράκη, Α. 2019, Η γνωσιοθεωρία του Descartes και η αντίπερα όχθη: Locke και Hume, 32-38. Καλογερόπουλος, Κ. 2019, Ο ζωγράφος του Πειραιά, 39-45. Μαφρέδας, Θ. 2019, Άγιος Χριστόφορος ο Κυνοκέφαλος, 46-60. Ψυλλίδης, Α. 2019, Ψηφιακή Τεχνολογία:...
Topic: Ecology, Philosophy, Archaeology, Byzantine Art, Digital Technology
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Conceptually, the term purification or Catharsis is defined as the redemption of the human soul from innate or acquired elements, which hinder its balanced function. It is a purifying process in its nature, in which the soul can get rid of the unnecessary elements it has acquired while performing its functions. It was also necessary for the entrance to the ancient mysteries, which aimed at the union of the soul with the divine aspect of existence.
Topics: Religion, Catharsis, Ancient Greek Mysteries, Anthropology, Ancient Greek Mysteries
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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The interest about woman's position in classical antiquity awakens in the 19th century, with the well-known work of J. Bachofen "Mutter Recht", when the "woman" as a distinct category of historical and anthropological analysis, becomes the subject of serious scientific research. Researchers not only examined the image of the woman as it emerges from poetic texts, but also studied her social position in different historical periods of antiquity. Based on this relatively...
Topics: Archaeology, Anthropology, Woman Studies
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In this short essay we are researching the thematic and morphological characteristics of the romantic style in three poems of the Athenian romantic period and identifying the way in which the female form is rendered. In order, of course, to understand the context in which such a search finds its expression, it is necessary -even briefly- to examine the place and time of Romanticism, in the environment that shaped the identity of the texts to be examined. Our goal here is to understand the texts...
Topics: Literature, Romanticism, Athenian Romanticism
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This essay provides a brief overview and description of the rhythm and sculptural decoration of the Parthenon and the temple of Zeus at Olympia. The two temples are considered typologically Doric. The typology is relativized, however, if differences observed are taken into account, due to the introduction of Ionic and Cycladic elements in the construction of the Parthenon, and the creative pressure exerted by the Temple of Zeus on the Parthenon and vice versa -at least in the sculptural program...
Topics: Archaeology, Architecture, Ancient Greek Art, Parthenon, Temple of Zeus at Olympia
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Greece was one of the educators of the world, in a way that even Pericles did not dare to imagine. The intellectual, aesthetic and political achievements of classical Greece have fascinated scholars of Western culture for centuries. The already vast bibliography continues to grow and a full understanding of Greek culture requires a painstaking study of its different aspects. One of these aspects is education, which is inextricably linked to any kind of cultural development. Undoubtedly, it is...
Topics: Education in Ancient Greece, Ancient Athens, Ancient Sparta
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean; Dascalopoulou Sofia, Prof. Emerita, University of the Aegean; Vernicos Nicolas, Prof. Emeritus, University of the Aegean; Dimoglidis Vasileios, Ph.D. Student, University of Cincinnati; Pavlidis Georgios, Prof. University of Macedonia; Batargias Triantafyllos, Cultural Studies, Hellenic Open University; Mafredas Thomas, Dr. University of West Attica
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Περιεχόμενα Dimoglidis, V. “Models for the Audience’s Emotional Response in Euripides’ Ion”, Archive 17(1) (January 6, 2021): 6–15. Μαφρέδας, Θ. (2021). Η εορτή της Υπαπαντής κατά την Πατερική Γραμματεία των τριών πρώτων αιώνων. Archive, 17(1), 16–38. Καλογερόπουλος Κ. 2021. “Μέθοδοι χρονολόγησης στην Αρχαιολογία”. Archive 17(1), (6 Μαρ): 39-50....
Topics: Anthropology, Religion, Theatrical Studies, Philology, Archaeology
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by Konstantakis Nikos, Informatics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki; Siozos Panagiotis, Informatics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki; Palaigeorgiou Giorgos, Informatics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
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The aim of this essay is to describe modern educational methods that encourage the creation of appropriate learning experiences and to present the process applied and the conclusions drawn from the seminar "Professional Ethics in Informatics", held at the Information Laboratory of the Department of Multimedia, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, in June 2003.
Topics: Computer Science, Computer Ethics, Computer Science Teaching
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by Konstantopoulou Aikaterini, Pediatrician, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
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Prevention aims to reduce the risk of developing disease, injury, disability, etc. It is distinguished into primary, secondary and tertiary prevention. It includes measures and practices for the environment, society and the individual. The better the socio-economic level of a country, the more fertile the ground for the development of prevention, combined with the means offered by high-tech infrastructure. Preventive action areas have been modified due to the rise in living standards, from the...
Topics: Biomedicine, Health Sciences, Prevention, Culture Diseases
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by Koutsokostas Panagiotis, Archaeologist, University of Thessaly
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In a period where the traditional structures for the classification of Hellenistic structure are corroded, only one context has remained immutable, the characteristically classicistic late Hellenistic period that begins roughly about 150 BCE centered in Athens. The classification of sculptures according to the archaism is problematic, because the recognition of characteristic traits of style is objective. Still bigger problem is the conflict between description and interpretation. The refined...
Topics: Archaeology, Neo-Attic Sculpture, Hellenistic Art
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by Lagoudaki Eleni, Cultural Studies, Hellenic Open University
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This essay deals with the argument of the mature theory of Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951) against the possibility of the existence of a "private language". This is an argument based on the position that there can be no language that has been invented and understood by a single person. In addition, he considers it impossible to assimilate language from our inner consciousness. In order to understand and comprehend this assumption, the path that his thought followed until he came to...
Topics: Ludwig Wittgenstein, Philosophy, The Argument of the Private Language
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by Lagoudaki Eleni, Cultural Studies, Hellenic Open University
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During sixteenth till eighteenth century various dynasties imposed absolute monarchy on the great European states, making royal power stronger than ever. Of course, the concept of the state had not yet taken the form it has in modern times. States, these new political structures, often had no territorial continuity, as their borders were often changed and treated by their kings as family feuds.
Topics: History, Monarchy, Early European States, Despotism, Feudalism
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by Madoura Giota, Cultural Studies, Hellenic Open University
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The main characteristics of the dramatic art of Aristophanes –based on his work Ornithes (Birds)- and Menander –based on his work Dyskolos- are analyzed in this essay. With Ornithes, Aristophanes turns to Utopia, to the overthrow of the familiar reality, to the paradox, not only serving the comic art, but responding to the political impasse of Athens. The flight of the two Athenians (Peisthetairos, Evelpidis) indignant at the dichotomy of their fellow citizens becomes an occasion to raise...
Topics: Theatrical Studies, Aristophanes, Menander, Attic Comedy, New Comedy, Birds, Dyskolos
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by Mafredas Thomas, Dr. University of West Attica
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In this essay, an attempt is made to interpret the iconographic type of St. Christopher, in the form of a dog, as well as to investigate the causes of the creation of this iconographic type, based on its various biographical data, as reported by various authors. Essentially, an attempt is made to find the iconographic model of this iconography, while at the same time a theological approach is given to the iconography of the saint in the form of a dog. It is a hagiological, iconographic and...
Topics: Byzantine Studies, Byzantine Art, Theology
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A very important issue in the research of feasts is the effort to find the necessary sources that lead to the understanding of the reasons why the church, as an administration and as a functional body, decides and ultimately favors the formation of a feast, either despotic or theological. In the present study, an attempt is made to investigate, not so much the reasons, but the preliminary stages that led to the final formation of the feast of Presentation of Jesus at the Temple, in the 4th...
Topics: Theology, Patristic Texts, Presentation of Jesus at the Temple
In this essay, an attempt is made to research the biographical data as well as the writing production of one of the most important scholars of the first years after the fall of the Constantinople, Manuel the Corinthian. His writing activity, mainly Hymnographic, is particularly important, although the church never ranked him among the great choirs of its poets. However, although partly insignificant, the role he plays when he takes over the management of the Great School of the Nation is...
Topics: Manuel the Corinthian, Grand Orator, Logothete of the Great Church of Christ
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by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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Paleolithic is characterized by unstable climatic conditions and the consecutive existence of nomadic hunters-gatherers. On the contrary, Neolithic era in Helladic - Aegean area it is characterized by stabilization of climatic conditions, a fact that favored the organization of settlements of permanent character, with economy supported by systematic agricultural exploitation, livestock-farming, exchange of raw materials and products, and the production of  ceramics. During Bronze Age take...
Topics: Archaeology, Paleolithic Settlement, Neolithic Settlement, Bronze Age City
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by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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Τhe various artistic movements of Academic art, in narrow dependence to the influences of Munich School, the necessity of return in the Byzantium and the popular culture in the painting and the author's production of Photis Kontoglou, as well as the ethnocentric perception in the contemplation of the generation of '30, the abstraction after the war, critical realism in the generation of ‘60, constitute recipients of the influence of social and historical situations in the multifunctional...
Topics: Academic Art, Munich School, Modern Greek Art
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by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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K.P. Cavafy and K.G. Karyotakis are two poets who have been active in the early 20th century. Their work, although unrecognized by their contemporaries, was a milestone in the course of Modern Greek literature and marked both the aesthetic and the social point of view of modern poets. The so-called poetic's poems are a frequent phenomenon in the work of both Cavafy and Karyotakis. These are the poems that reveal the artistic reflection of their creators, the source of their inspiration, and the...
Topics: Literature, K.P. Cavafy, K.G. Karyotakis, Poetic's Poems
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by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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About two thousand years ago, a revolution took place at sea as important as the agricultural revolution on land, seven thousand years earlier. A new type of ship appeared in the Eastern Mediterranean. Purely invented by the peoples of the Aegean, the ship was light, capable of sailing and paddling, and most importantly, had a keel, i.e. immersion in water, resistance to waves and wind and greater stability. This particular Aegean hull, the ancestor of all Mediterranean boats, boldly going out...
Topics: Archaeology, Eastern Mediterranean, Bronze Age
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by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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In order to present effectively the function of irony and its relation to the spirit of Humanism, we will use Erasmus’ work Moriae Encomium. Erasmus knew Latin and ancient Greek and studied classical and biblical literature. He maintained personal contact with many scholars of his time, traveling frequently and exchanging letters. Although he was a clergyman, his main occupation was the translation of ancient sources, the editing and the new edition of classical and biblical literature, and...
Topics: Literature, Erasmus, Moriae Encomium
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by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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At the end of the archaic era flourished the cult of Dionysus. Two factors contributed significantly to this fact. Dionysus’ rituals (god of vegetation and fertility), with their frantic festivities and unbridled enthusiasm, found fertile ground in the rural tradition of the happy holidays that followed the hard work of summer and autumn. On the other hand, the Dionysian cult was greatly strengthened by the policy of the tyrants, who wanted to weaken the older cults of the heroes, which were...
Topics: Theatrical Studies, Religion, Politics, Attic Theater
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by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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Thucydides was the first to write a scientific history. His orations cover a large part of his unsurpassed work, which is dedicated to the Peloponnesian War. They present all the aspects of the causes that determine the actions of the opponents, while at the same time they are a lesson for each historian in terms of how to structure the speech, so that he acquires interest and analyzes in depth the historical fact. In this essay, we will first attempt to identify the main correspondences...
Topics: History, Thucydides, Orations, Peloponnesian War
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by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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Descartes is no unfairly considered «father of neoteric philosophy», as his work has been a deep section in the history of philosophical thought. In this essay we will examine the confrontation of Descartes as it concerns “method of knowledge” and we will analyze his argumentation in the Meditations on the First Philosophy. Then we will attempt a concise comparison on Descartes’, Locke’s and Hume’s method, in regard to the degree of certainty of knowledge of sensible world.
Topics: Philosophy, Epistemology, Rene Descartes, Meditations on the First Philosophy
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by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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Eighteenth century΄s turn found the old continent in a state of generalized crisis. New theories emerged, which brought to the fore individuality and idealism, as a reaction to the rationality and absolute truths of the Enlightenment. Kant’s obsession with the domination of free will, Fichte’s theory of knowledge, Herder’s introduction of the concept of expressionism and the idea of belonging sowed the seeds of change that bore fruit in the nineteenth century. In this climate of...
Topics: Literature, Romanticism
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by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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In the middle of the 19th century, an artistic movement appeared in Europe that was to be the subject of much discussion. This movement, called realism, was the forerunner of naturalism and proposed, through objective observation, the reaction to the romantic excesses of the imagination, the dominance of science, empiricism and positivism. The implementation of the fundamental demand of European realism, the faithful representation of modern reality, in countries with delayed industrial...
Topics: Literature, Georgios Vizyenos, Ethography
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by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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The concept of virtue is a cornerstone of Aristotle’s moral philosophy, which is presented, mainly, in three works: the Great Ethics, the Eudemian Ethics and the Nicomachean Ethics. According to Düring, in The Great Ethics Aristotle addresses to young listeners and places emphasis on logical argumentation and classification; […] Eudemian Ethics, with the exception of the introduction, is a scientific course (Kolleg) for advanced listeners of the Academy. Finally, Nicomachean Ethics is a...
Topics: Philosophy, Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics