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Archive (Athens)
by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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Eighteenth century΄s turn found the old continent in a state of generalized crisis. New theories emerged, which brought to the fore individuality and idealism, as a reaction to the rationality and absolute truths of the Enlightenment. Kant’s obsession with the domination of free will, Fichte’s theory of knowledge, Herder’s introduction of the concept of expressionism and the idea of belonging sowed the seeds of change that bore fruit in the nineteenth century. In this climate of...
Topics: Literature, Romanticism
Archive (Athens)
by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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In the middle of the 19th century, an artistic movement appeared in Europe that was to be the subject of much discussion. This movement, called realism, was the forerunner of naturalism and proposed, through objective observation, the reaction to the romantic excesses of the imagination, the dominance of science, empiricism and positivism. The implementation of the fundamental demand of European realism, the faithful representation of modern reality, in countries with delayed industrial...
Topics: Literature, Georgios Vizyenos, Ethography
Archive (Athens)
by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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Paleolithic is characterized by unstable climatic conditions and the consecutive existence of nomadic hunters-gatherers. On the contrary, Neolithic era in Helladic - Aegean area it is characterized by stabilization of climatic conditions, a fact that favored the organization of settlements of permanent character, with economy supported by systematic agricultural exploitation, livestock-farming, exchange of raw materials and products, and the production of  ceramics. During Bronze Age take...
Topics: Archaeology, Paleolithic Settlement, Neolithic Settlement, Bronze Age City
Archive (Athens)
by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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Τhe various artistic movements of Academic art, in narrow dependence to the influences of Munich School, the necessity of return in the Byzantium and the popular culture in the painting and the author's production of Photis Kontoglou, as well as the ethnocentric perception in the contemplation of the generation of '30, the abstraction after the war, critical realism in the generation of ‘60, constitute recipients of the influence of social and historical situations in the multifunctional...
Topics: Academic Art, Munich School, Modern Greek Art
Archive (Athens)
by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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K.P. Cavafy and K.G. Karyotakis are two poets who have been active in the early 20th century. Their work, although unrecognized by their contemporaries, was a milestone in the course of Modern Greek literature and marked both the aesthetic and the social point of view of modern poets. The so-called poetic's poems are a frequent phenomenon in the work of both Cavafy and Karyotakis. These are the poems that reveal the artistic reflection of their creators, the source of their inspiration, and the...
Topics: Literature, K.P. Cavafy, K.G. Karyotakis, Poetic's Poems
Archive (Athens)
by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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About two thousand years ago, a revolution took place at sea as important as the agricultural revolution on land, seven thousand years earlier. A new type of ship appeared in the Eastern Mediterranean. Purely invented by the peoples of the Aegean, the ship was light, capable of sailing and paddling, and most importantly, had a keel, i.e. immersion in water, resistance to waves and wind and greater stability. This particular Aegean hull, the ancestor of all Mediterranean boats, boldly going out...
Topics: Archaeology, Eastern Mediterranean, Bronze Age
Archive (Athens)
by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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In order to present effectively the function of irony and its relation to the spirit of Humanism, we will use Erasmus’ work Moriae Encomium. Erasmus knew Latin and ancient Greek and studied classical and biblical literature. He maintained personal contact with many scholars of his time, traveling frequently and exchanging letters. Although he was a clergyman, his main occupation was the translation of ancient sources, the editing and the new edition of classical and biblical literature, and...
Topics: Literature, Erasmus, Moriae Encomium
Archive (Athens)
by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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The concept of virtue is a cornerstone of Aristotle’s moral philosophy, which is presented, mainly, in three works: the Great Ethics, the Eudemian Ethics and the Nicomachean Ethics. According to Düring, in The Great Ethics Aristotle addresses to young listeners and places emphasis on logical argumentation and classification; […] Eudemian Ethics, with the exception of the introduction, is a scientific course (Kolleg) for advanced listeners of the Academy. Finally, Nicomachean Ethics is a...
Topics: Philosophy, Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics
Archive (Athens)
by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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The philosophical systems of Stoicism and Epicureanism were two of the dominant exponents of philosophical thought during the Hellenistic period. Although they continued, to some extent, the previous philosophical tradition in seeking answers to questions about the structure and knowledge of reality, they nevertheless turned to a more anthropocentric approach, proposing a way of life that can lead to happiness, giving practical direction in their philosophy. The topic presented in this essay is...
Topics: Philosophy, Stoicism, Epicureanism.
Archive (Athens)
by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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The theory of ideas introduced by Plato is a turning point in the history of philosophy. At the same time, it is a reference point for the whole subsequent philosophical search. One of the aspects of this theory will be the axis on which we will move in the present study. Specifically, we will be concerned with the existence of ideas, on the one hand, as a cognitive precondition for the knowledge of perceptible things and, on the other, as an ontological precondition for their existence. We...
Topics: Philosophy, Plato, Ideas
Archive (Athens)
by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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At the end of the archaic era flourished the cult of Dionysus. Two factors contributed significantly to this fact. Dionysus’ rituals (god of vegetation and fertility), with their frantic festivities and unbridled enthusiasm, found fertile ground in the rural tradition of the happy holidays that followed the hard work of summer and autumn. On the other hand, the Dionysian cult was greatly strengthened by the policy of the tyrants, who wanted to weaken the older cults of the heroes, which were...
Topics: Theatrical Studies, Religion, Politics, Attic Theater
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by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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Thucydides was the first to write a scientific history. His orations cover a large part of his unsurpassed work, which is dedicated to the Peloponnesian War. They present all the aspects of the causes that determine the actions of the opponents, while at the same time they are a lesson for each historian in terms of how to structure the speech, so that he acquires interest and analyzes in depth the historical fact. In this essay, we will first attempt to identify the main correspondences...
Topics: History, Thucydides, Orations, Peloponnesian War
Archive (Athens)
by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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Descartes is no unfairly considered «father of neoteric philosophy», as his work has been a deep section in the history of philosophical thought. In this essay we will examine the confrontation of Descartes as it concerns “method of knowledge” and we will analyze his argumentation in the Meditations on the First Philosophy. Then we will attempt a concise comparison on Descartes’, Locke’s and Hume’s method, in regard to the degree of certainty of knowledge of sensible world.
Topics: Philosophy, Epistemology, Rene Descartes, Meditations on the First Philosophy