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In today’s global world, it has been observed that the children use backpacks as their sole carrier for going to the school, which has proved beneficial for students. Along with the advantages, there are unfortunately some disadvantages for the same. As these heavy backpack‘s load can put undue stresses on the spine of the growing children, thus it can cause some musculoskeletal problems and postural changes in children carrying it regularly to the school. The objectives of this study are to document the evolution of upright, static, sagittal posture in children and to identify possible critical phases of pastural evolution.
Ethical Clearance was Obtained from institutional ethical committee. The study was explained to the school authority. After obtaining Permission from the School, The written consent was taken from students, parents and the study were conducted on 300 Students.
Many Pastural Changes Were Found Due To Heavy Backpack Such As Forward Head, Protracted Scapulae, Right Shoulder Depressed, Left Shoulder Depressed, Sway Back, Increased Lordosis, Scoliosis, Genu Valgum, Genu Varus, Hyper extended Knees.
The postural changes in children carrying backpack to school found were forward headed, protracted scapulae, right shoulder depressed, left shoulder depressed, sway back, increased lordosis, scoliosis, genu valgum, genu varus, hyper extended knees . The mean weight of school backpacks was 3.6 kg. The most common method of carriage was on the back, over two shoulders. The 133 students carried ranged 10-15% of school backpack weight as a percentage of body weight.
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