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Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mark Z. Jacobson; Mary A. Cameron; Eleanor M. Hennessy; Ivalin Petkov; Clayton B. Meyer; Tanvi K. Gambhir; Amanda T. Maki; Katherine Pfleeger; Hailey Clonts; Avery L. McEvoy; Matthew L. Miccioli; Anna Katharina von Krauland; Rebecca W. Fang; Mark A. Delucchi
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Towns and cities worldwide emit significant pollution and are also increasingly affected by pollution's health and climate impacts. Local decision makers can alleviate these impacts by transitioning the energy they control to 100% clean, renewable energy and energy efficiency. This study develops roadmaps to transition 53 towns and cities in the United States, Canada, and Mexico to 100% wind, water, and sunlight (WWS) in all energy sectors by no later than 2050, with at least 80% by 2030. The...
Topics: Climate change, Renewable energy, Solar, Sustainable cities, Urban air pollution, Wind
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Erin E. Black; Ken O. Buesseler; Steven M. Pike; Phoebe J. Lam
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Oxygen minimum zones (OMZs) are thought to be regions of decreased carbon attenuation in the upper ocean with a biological pump that could deliver a greater percentage of exported carbon to the mesopelagic relative to surrounding waters. However, much is still unknown about carbon cycling through these zones and the areas of extreme oxygen minima (nM O 2 ) or oxygen deficient zones (ODZs) within the OMZs. Paired sampling for 234 Th (t½ ~ 24.1 days) and particulate organic carbon (POC) was...
Topics: Export, GEOTRACES, GP-16, Oxygen minimum layer, Particulate organic carbon, Remineralization,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Louise Sandberg Sørensen; Sebastian B. Simonsen; René Forsberg; Kirill Khvorostovsky; Rakia Meister; Marcus E. Engdahl
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The shape of the large ice sheets responds rapidly to climate change, making the elevation changes of these ice-covered regions an essential climate variable. Consistent, long time series of these elevation changes are of great scientific value. Here, we present a newly-developed data product of 25 years of elevation changes of the Greenland Ice Sheet, derived from satellite radar altimetry. The data product is made publicly available within the Greenland Ice Sheets project as part of the ESA...
Topics: Greenland Ice Sheet, elevation change, essential climate variable, radar altimetry
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jakub Langhammer; Bohumír Janský; Jan Kocum; Robert Minařík
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The small reservoirs in the European montane landscape, which were built in past centuries for various purposes, represent specific cultural and technical heritage but also feature retention potential for mitigating the emerging impacts of climate change, namely, the course of flooding or droughts. However, the frequent lack of technical data on these historical structures, including their storage volume and flooded areas, prevents their consideration in water management planning. In this...
Topics: Bathymetry, DEM, LiDAR, Reservoir, Retention, Total station, UAV
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Thomas Helser; Craig Kastelle; Aron Crowell; Takayuki Ushikubo; Ian J. Orland; Reinhard Kozdon; John W. Valley
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We measured δ 18 O values in modern and archaeological Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus) otoliths recovered from Aialik Bay on the Pacific coast of the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska, using a high precision ion microprobe. Values of δ 18 O were measured in as many as sixty 10-μm spots along 2–3 mm transects from the otolith core to its margin with high spot-to-spot analytical precision (δ 18 O ± 0.3‰). We obtained sample densities along a linear transect that were at least 2 to 3 times...
Topics: Climate change, Gulf of Alaska, Ion microprobe, Little ice age, Oxygen isotopes, Pacific cod
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kuldeep D. More; William D. Orsi; Valier Galy; Liviu Giosan; Lijun He; Kliti Grice; Marco J.L. Coolen
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An extensive oxygen minimum zone (OMZ) occurs in the northeastern (NE) Arabian Sea where sedimentary records show evidence of alternating strong and weak OMZs that correlate with North Atlantic climate variability during the last glacial–interglacial cycle. OMZs are expanding world-wide, but information on long-term OMZ-ecosystem interactions is mainly limited to fossilized species, notably foraminifera. Here, we provide a first comprehensive ancient sedimentary DNA record of both fossilizing...
Topics: Northeast Arabian Sea, glacial–interglacial cycle, oxygen minimum zone, paleogenomics, protist...
The Subtropical Front (STF) is one of the major ocean fronts in the south-west Pacific. The STF migration has a distinct but varying impact on the temperature change throughout the region. To improve our understanding on the history of the STF migration and the relationship between STF migration and global climate change, we have generated a 450-kyr record of sea surface temperature (SST) change at IODP Site U1352 located in the Canterbury Basin off New Zealand. Planktonic foraminiferal...
Topics: Planktonic foraminifers, Sea surface temperature, Sea-level changes, South-west Pacific, Southland...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sarah J. Davies; Melanie J. Leng; Anders Noren
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The transition from the mid-to late-Holocene in MesoAmerica saw increasing complexity in spatial patterns of change. Records from the western part of the region are sparse, with lacustrine sequences affected by long term anthropogenic disturbance or lacking chronological resolution. Here, we present a continuous palaeoecological and geochemical record from Laguna de Juanacatlán, a remote lake in the mountains of the western TMVB. Diatom assemblages, XRF scanning data and bulk organic...
Topics: Diatoms, Geochemistry, Holocene, North America, Palaeolimnology, Pollen
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ariola Visha; Nilima Gandhi; Satyendra P. Bhavsar; George B. Arhonditsis
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Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) contamination has historically posed constraints on the recreational and commercial fishing industry in the Great Lakes. Empirical evidence suggests that PCB contamination represents a greater health risk from fish consumption than other legacy contaminants. The present study attempts a rigorous assessment of the spatio-temporal PCB trends in multiple species across the Canadian waters of the Great Lakes. We applied a Bayesian modelling framework, whereby we...
Topics: Bioaccumulation, Dynamic linear modelling, Fish contamination, Great Lakes, Hierarchical Bayesian...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Understanding the key drivers that affect a decline of soil organic carbon (SOC) stock in agricultural areas is of major concern since leading to a decline in service provision from soils and potentially carbon release into the atmosphere. Despite an increasing attention is given to SOC depletion and degradation processes, SOC dynamics are far from being completely understood because they occur in the long term and are the result of a complex interaction between management and pedo-climatic...
Topics: Agricultural management, Decision support system, Land use, Soil organic carbon
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Matthew McLean; David Mouillot; Martin Lindegren; Georg Engelhard; Sébastien Villéger; Anik Brind'Amour; Arnaud Auber
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Sustainably managing natural resources under climate change requires understanding how species distribution shifts can impact ecosystem structure and functioning. While numerous studies have documented changes in species’ distributions and abundances in response to warming [1, 2], the consequences for the functional structure of ecosystems (i.e., composition of species’ functional traits) have received less attention. Here, using thirty years of fish monitoring, we show that two connected...
Topics: climate change, distribution shifts, ecosystem functioning, fisheries, functional traits, pelagic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by John G. Anasis; Mohammad Aslam Khan Khalil; Christopher Butenhoff; Randall Bluffstone; George G. Lendaris
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Addressing greenhouse gas emissions and the associated global temperature rise will be one of the key issues of the 21st century. The supply and use of energy is the single largest contributor to anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions through the burning of fossil fuels. Given the role fossil fuel use plays in the global economy, curtailing their use in order to mitigate climate change will be very difficult. This has led to proposals to deploy various types of geoengineering as a means of...
Topics: Energy policy assessment, Energy system modeling, Geoengineering
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yaling Nie; Styliani Avraamidou; Xin Xiao; Efstratios N. Pistikopoulos; Jie Li; Yujiao Zeng; Fei Song; Jie Yu; Min Zhu
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Allocation and management of agricultural land is of emergent concern due to land scarcity, diminishing supply of energy and water, and the increasing demand of food globally. To achieve social, economic and environmental goals in a specific agricultural land area, people and society must make decisions subject to the demand and supply of food, energy and water (FEW). Interdependence among these three elements, the Food-Energy-Water Nexus (FEW-N), requires that they be addressed concertedly....
Topics: Data-driven modeling, Food-Energy-Water Nexus, Integrated assessment, Land use, Multi-objective...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Christopher Severen; Christopher Costello; Olivier Deschênes
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The hedonic pricing method is one of the main approaches used to estimate the economic value of attributes that affect the market price of an asset. This method is routinely used in environmental economics to derive the economic valuation of environmental attributes such as air pollution and water quality. For example, the “Ricardian approach” is based on a hedonic regression of land values on historical climate variables. Forecasts of future climate can then be employed to estimate the...
Topics: Agricultural land prices, Climate change, Climate change and agriculture, Climate change forecasts,...
Increased global competition in the agricultural sector is rapidly changing the structure of farms and farming. As the number of small and diversified farms (often family-owned) decreases, the number of large and specialized farms (often corporate-owned) is increasing. In this transformation, the agricultural sector is more and more concerned with strategy, innovation, and competition in the effort to be more productive and more profitable. At the same time, the sector faces demands that it...
Topics: 5S, Agriculture, Green Lean, Lean tools, Value stream mapping
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Salah L. Zubaidi; Jayne Dooley; Rafid M. Alkhaddar; Mawada Abdellatif; Hussein Al-Bugharbee; Sandra Ortega-Martorell
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Valid and dependable water demand prediction is a major element of the effective and sustainable expansion of municipal water infrastructures. This study provides a novel approach to quantifying water demand through the assessment of climatic factors, using a combination of a pretreatment signal technique, a hybrid particle swarm optimisation algorithm and an artificial neural network (PSO-ANN). The Singular Spectrum Analysis (SSA) technique was adopted to decompose and reconstruct water...
Topics: Melbourne, Neural network model, Particle swarm optimization, Singular spectrum analysis, Urban...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Improving the energy efficiency of buildings is a key strategy in responding to climate change and resource challenges associated with the use of fossil fuel derived energy. The characteristics of the building envelope play a decisive role in determining building operation energy. Transparent Insulation Materials (TIMs) add to the strategies that may be used to sustain these improvements: they can reduce heat loss by providing high thermal resistance while effectively transmitting solar energy...
Topics: Optical performance, Thermal performance, Transparent Insulation Materials (TIM)
Decomposition processes influence the formation of soil organic carbon stocks, and it is necessary to understand how both will respond to climate change. A Space-For-Time (SFT) substitution allows the comparison of litter decomposition under current and future conditions in the field, using a spatial gradient of environmental conditions. Here we used a SFT approach to study the effects of a difference in temperature similar to the predicted increase of 3.2–3.5 °C in Central Europe until...
Topics: Detritivores, Litter mass loss, Mountain carbon stocks, Space-For-Time substitution, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In this paper, we survey the literature applying viability theory to the sustainable management of renewable resources. After a refresher on the main concepts of viability theory, we provide a general map of the contributions and next discuss them by area of application, including ecosystems and population biology, climate change, forestry and others. We conclude by pointing out issues that deserve more attention and should be part of a research agenda.
Topics: Climate change, Fisheries, Forests, Renewable resources, Sustainability, Viability theory
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Pieter A. Zuidema; Benjamin Poulter; David C. Frank
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Realistic forecasting of forest responses to climate change critically depends on key advancements in global vegetation modelling. Compared with traditional ‘big-leaf’ models that simulate forest stands, ‘next-generation’ vegetation models aim to track carbon-, light-, water-, and nutrient-limited growth of individual trees. Wood biology can play an important role in delivering the required knowledge at tissue-to-individual levels, at minute-to-century scales and for model...
Topics: Climate change, Earth system models, forests, individual-based models, vegetation modelling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kristen Carlson; Leland C. Bement; Brian J. Carter; Brendan J. Culleton; Douglas J. Kennett
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Stable carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ15N) isotope ratios from bison bone collagen recovered from Paleoindian bison kill sites provide a record of the B/A, YD, and EH climates in the North American southern Plains. This record is compared to the stable C isotopes derived from previously published, dated paleosols from the region. Together these data sources define a local response of the southern Plains grassland structure to the changing climatic conditions, specifically temperature and...
Topics: Bison antiquus, Clovis drought, Paleoindians, Stable isotopes, Younger Dryas
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by undefined Shweta; Bimal K. Bhattacharya; Akhouri Pramod Krishna
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The annual water loss through evapotranspiration (ET) is an uncertain but significant component of India's water budget. The present study generated independent estimates of baseline annual ET, calibrated with in situ micrometeorological data over Indian sub-continent, using surface energy balance framework and satellite-based long-term thermal remote sensing, visible and near-infrared observations as the primary data sources. Thirty years’ (1981–2010) of satellite-based ET estimates at...
Topics: Surface energy balance, Thermal remote sensing
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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To clarify the current situation, hotspots, and development trends, in the field of climate change adaptation, we analysed a massive literature dataset from the Web of Science database by bibliometric method. By characterising the data about each publication, the result indicate that the field of climate change adaptation has entered a stage of rapid development. The USA occupies a leading position in terms of comprehensive strength with the largest publications output as well as a greater...
Topics: Bibliometric analysis, Climate change adaptation, Frequency and co-occurrence analysis, Massive...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Recent publications are reviewed in the context of urban health issues possibly resulting from global climate change. The most important phenomena having an impact on health discussed in the paper include increased ultraviolet radiation due to stratospheric ozone, temperature-related effects, precipitation-related effects (both excessive precipitation and drought), vector-borne diseases, and finally air quality, smog-related effects. Among the above, those most directly linked to climate change...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Brooks A. Kaiser; Melina Kourantidou; Linda Fernandez
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Closing of the marine commons increases economic returns and slows depletion of valuable ocean resources. Rights-based management is widely used for fisheries rationalization. Regulators with sound biological and economic information can in theory set overall harvest control rules that protect the fish stocks, and manage for external costs and benefits from harvest. These may include ecosystem damages, overcapitalization in the fishery, and/or equity concerns. Regulatory efforts and related...
Topics: Fisheries economics, Open access fisheries, Property rights regimes, Snow Crab (C. opilio),...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Richard K.F. Unsworth; Len J. McKenzie; Lina M. Nordlund; Leanne C. Cullen-Unsworth
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Tropical coral reefs are threatened and in decline, and their future is highly uncertain. With increasing rates of climate change and rising global temperatures, people looking to coral reefs for food and income may increasingly have to rely on resources from other habitats. Efforts to protect and conserve the coral reefs we have left are critical for a suite of economic, ecological, cultural and intrinsic reasons, but there is also an urgent need to take heed of the future scenarios from coral...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Gurwinder Singh; Kripal S. Lakhi; Kavitha Ramadass; Sungho Kim; Declan Stockdale; Ajayan Vinu
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Novel acid treated porous activated biocarbons (APABs) are synthesized from biomass waste, Arundo donax, through sulphuric acid polymerization followed by a single step solid state activation using KOH at a fixed carbonization temperature of 600 °C. The specific surface area and the pore volume of the prepared materials is controlled by varying the ratio of KOH to biomass from 1 to 4. The sample prepared with the KOH/biomass ratio of 3 is found to be the best as it exhibits the specific...
Topics: Activated biocarbons, Arundo donax, CO 2 capture, High surface area, Porous
Studying the differences in phenology among plant species is important for understanding their physiological and reproductive responses to climate change and complex inter-species interactions. This study conducted a comparative analysis of the spatio-temporal variation in the phenologies of two herbaceous species (Plantago asiatica and Taraxacum mongolicum) and associated climatic driving factors on the Tibetan Plateau (TP) based on ground-observed phenology data during 2000–2012. The...
Topics: Climate change, Phenology, Plantago asiatica, Taraxacum mongolicum, Tibetan plateau
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change is influencing tree phenology, causing earlier and more prolonged canopy closure in temperate forests. Canopy closure is closely associated with understorey light, so shifts in its timing have wide-reaching consequences for ecological processes in the understorey. Widespread monitoring of forest canopies through time is needed to understand changes in light availability during spring in particular. Canopy openness, derived from hemispherical photography, has frequently been used...
Topics: Citizen science, Fisheye photography, Hemispherical photography, Phenology
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by P. Goglio; W. N. Smith; B. B. Grant; R. L. Desjardins; X. Gao; K. Hanis; M. Tenuta; C. A. Campbell; B. G. McConkey; T. Nemecek; P. J. Burgess; A. G. Williams
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Carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide are two important greenhouse gases (GHG) released from cropping systems. Their emissions can vary substantially with climate, soil, and crop management. While different methods are available to account for GHG emissions in life cycle assessments (LCA) of crop production, there are no standard procedures. In this study, the objectives were: (i) to compare several methods of estimating CO2 and N2O emissions for a LCA of cropping systems and (ii) to estimate the...
Topics: Cropping systems, GHG, LCA, Measurements, Methods, Model
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Portia Murray; Kristina Orehounig; David Grosspietsch; Jan Carmeliet
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The potential of both long-term (hydrogen storage) and short-term (batteries and thermal) storage systems in decentralized neighbourhoods are assessed using a multi-objective optimization approach that minimizes both costs and CO2 emissions. A method is developed, which evaluates the performance of long and short-term storage systems in the future based on multi-objective optimization. More specifically, hydrogen storage is investigated for its future potential to be used as a long-term storage...
Topics: Decentralized energy systems, Multi-objective optimization, Power-to-hydrogen, Renewable energy...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Currently, the genus Kurixalus comprises 14 species distributed in Southern, Southeast and East Asia. Because of their relatively low dispersal capability and intolerance of seawater, this group is ideal for the study of terrestrial range evolution, especially that portion of its range that extends into the island archipelagos of Southern Asia. We assembled a large dataset of mitochondrial and nuclear genes, and estimated phylogeny by maximum likelihood and Bayesian methods, and we explored the...
Topics: Kurixalus, Phylogeny, Southeast Asia, Speciation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Several factors such as climate change, increment in fuel cost and digital technology era have lead to transformation of conventional grid into smart grid. Existing microgrid can be integrated with smart grid characteristics by various topologies, including cogeneration system where both electricity and thermal energy from single source of fuel can be produced. Cogeneration system has better efficiency, lower costs and able to reduce greenhouse gas emissions compared to singular conventional...
Topics: Cogenerations, Commercial building, Fuel cell, Hierarchical control, Prime movers
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The thermal regime of rivers plays an important role in the overall health and composition of aquatic ecosystems, and together with flow, is recognised as one of the most influential abiotic drivers of aquatic ecosystem processes affecting species distribution. Changes in thermal conditions in aquatic systems are driven by on-going human-induced climate change, hydrological, regional and structural factors. Here, we quantified the impact of instream impoundments on the natural longitudinal...
Topics: Adaptive management, Aquatic macroinvertebrate, Catchment conservation, Longitudinal connectivity,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Patricio I. Moreno; Javiera Videla; Blas Valero-Garcés; Brent V. Alloway; Linda E. Heusser
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We present a high-resolution precisely dated terrestrial paleovegetation/paleoclimate record from Lago Pichilaguna, northwestern Patagonia (40°–44°S), which spans continuously from the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) to the present. We find abundant and continuous presence of arboreal pollen (chiefly Nothofagus) during the LGM, accompanied by other trees, shrubs, and alpine herbs. These results suggest Subantarctic parkland and/or scattered woodlands under a cold and hyperhumid climate during...
Topics: Fire disturbance, Holocene, Last glacial maximum, Last glacial termination, Northwestern patagonia,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jiabo Yin; Shenglian Guo; Shaokun He; Jiali Guo; Xingjun Hong; Zhangjun Liu
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Climate change will lead to great impacts on flood frequency curve and design floods in the future. However, traditional hydrologic approaches often fail to analyze the flood characteristics within a bivariate framework under changing environment. Moreover, previous studies investigating bivariate characteristics of flood usually do not derive the adaptive flood quantiles. This study assesses the implications of climate change for future bivariate quantiles of flood peak and volume in Ganjiang...
Topics: Bivariate analysis, Climate change, Copula function, Flood frequency analysis, Ganjiang River basin
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mengyao Gao; Shu Yuan Pan; Wen Chang Chen; Pen Chi Chiang
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Due to global climate change and resource shortages, significant attention has been focused on exploiting environmentally friendly materials, such as naturally derived materials (e.g., biomass), for electrochemical energy storage to achieve a circular economy. One current area of research focus is bionics, which is a promising strategy to make materials with three-dimensional ordered structures that offer multiple contributions to bulk electrochemical properties. To develop high-performance...
Topics: Circular economy, Environmental benefits, Plant-based biomass, Rechargeable batteries,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The increasing regional and global impact of wildfires on the environment, and particularly on the human population, is becoming a focus of the research community. Both fire behaviour and smoke dispersion models are now underpinning strategic and tactical fire management by many government agencies and therefore model accuracy at regional and local scales is increasingly important. This demands accuracy of all the components of the model systems, biomass fuel loads being among the more...
Topics: CWD, Carbon, Eucalypt, Fine fuels, Fire, Prescribed burning
Wind power supplies clean energy, but it is vulnerable to climate change. As the impacts of climate change increase, economic assessment methods of wind power projects are required to capture climate uncertainties. The study proposes a decision-making model to analyze the economic feasibility of offshore wind farm projects considering the impacts of climate change using real options analysis (ROA). The model can consider project volatility using the wind speed projected from climate scenarios...
Topics: Climate change, Climate uncertainty, Offshore wind power, Real options analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Modeste Kameni Nematchoua; Paola Ricciardi; José A. Orosa; Cinzia Buratti
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Climate change continues to remain the main concern of all nations, and the adverse effects of this problem are enormous. This research was aimed to study the variation of outdoor climate in some regions of Madagascar, and also the assessment of impacts and vulnerabilities related to global warming. Toward this end, the daily data relating to the last 44 years have been studied. A first analyse has been carried out with several GCMs models, and scenarios(A2, A1B and B1), then RCM models...
Topics: Climate change, Detailed study, Madagascar, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In the ocean, propagules with a planktonic stage are typically dispersed some distance downstream of the parent generation, introducing an asymmetry to the dispersal. Ocean-dwelling species have also been shown to exhibit chaotic population dynamics. Therefore, we must better understand chaotic population dynamics under the influence of asymmetrical dispersal. Here, we examine a density-dependent population in a current, where the current has both a mean and stochastic component. In our finite...
Topics: Asymmetric dispersal, Chaotic dynamics, Gaussian kernel dispersal, Logistic map, Spatial population...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Marion Robert; Éric Casellas; Pierre Casel; Patrick Chabrier; Alexandre Joannon; Jacques Éric Bergez
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Farming systems are complex and have several dimensions that interact in a dynamic and continuous manner depending on farmers' management strategies. This complexity peaks in Indian semi-arid regions, where small farms encounter a highly competitive environment for markets and resources, especially unreliable access to water from rainfall and irrigation. NAMASTE, a dynamic computer model for water management at the farm level, was developed to reproduce interactions between decisions...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Farmer's decision-making process, Modeling, Water management policy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Bonfante; E. Monaco; G. Langella; P. Mercogliano; P. Manna; F. Terribile
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Climate change (CC) directly influences agricultural sectors, presenting the need to identify both adaptation and mitigation actions that can make local farming communities and crop production more resilient. In this context, the viticultural sector is one of those most challenged by CC due to the need to combine grape quality, grapevine cultivar adaptation and therefore farmers' future incomes. Thus, understanding how suitability for viticulture is changing under CC is of primary interest in...
Topics: Climate change, Dynamic Viticultural zoning, Grapes quality, SWAP
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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To address certain limitations with their current operational model, Environment and Climate Change Canada recently developed the Soil, Vegetation, and Snow (SVS) land surface model and the representation of subsurface hydrological processes was targeted as an area for improvement. The objective of this study is to evaluate the ability of HydroSVS, the component of SVS responsible for the vertical redistribution of water, to simulate soil moisture under snow-free conditions when using...
Topics: SVS, Soil moisture
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Natalie Suckall; Emma L. Tompkins; Andrew Allan; Robert J. Nicholls; Abiy S. Kebede; Attila N. Lázár; Craig Hutton; Katharine Vincent; Alex Chapman; Rezaur Rahman; Tuhin Ghosh; Adelina Mensah
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Deltas are precarious environments experiencing significant biophysical, and socio-economic changes with the ebb and flow of seasons (including with floods and drought), with infrastructural developments (such as dikes and polders), with the movement of people, and as a result of climate and environmental variability and change. Decisions are being taken about the future of deltas and about the provision of adaptation investment to enable people and the environment to respond to the changing...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Deltas, Framework, Policy, Transformation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by F. Javier González-Barrios; Lorenzo Álvarez-Filip
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Species morpho-functional traits provide general and predictable rules to understand the dynamics of ecological communities; therefore, considering species identity is crucial in understanding ecosystem functioning. Here, we propose a framework to estimate the species-specific functional contribution of Caribbean corals according to their capacity to create complex three-dimensional structures by means of calcium carbonate precipitation and their morphological complexity. We use a combination...
Topics: Calcification rate, Coral identity, Functional traits, Mesoamerican Reef
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Sustainable flood management is a basic societal need. In this article, life cycle assessment is used to compare two ways to maintain the state of a coastal urban area in a changing climate with increasing flood risk. On one side, the construction of a dike, a hard and proactive scenario, is modelled using a bottom up approach. On the other, the systematic repair of houses flooded by sea surges, a post-disaster measure, is assessed using a Monte Carlo simulation allowing for aleatory...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Denmark, Flood protection, Life cycle assessment, Sea level rise
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Justice Nana Inkoom; Susanne Frank; Klaus Greve; Christine Fürst
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The Sudanian savanna landscapes of West Africa are amongst the world's most vulnerable areas to climate change impacts. Inappropriate land use and agriculture management practices continuously impede the capacity of agricultural landscapes to provide ecosystem services (ES). Given the absence of practical assessment techniques to evaluate the landscape's capacity to provide regulating ES in this region, the goal of this paper is to propose an integrative assessment framework which combines...
Topics: Analytical hierarchical process, Expert weighting, GISCAME, Landscape configuration, Landscape...
Traditional fishing livelihoods need to adapt to changing fish catch/populations, led by numerous anthropogenic, environmental and climatic stressors. The decision to adapt can be influenced by a variety of socio-economic and perceptual factors. However, adaptation decision-making in fishing communities has rarely been studied. Based on previous literature and focus group discussions with community, this study identifies few prominent adaptation responses in marine fishing and proposes credible...
Topics: Adaptation, Capital, Decision-making, India, Marine fishing, Perception
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Luca Fabris; Gianluca Lazzaro; Willem Bastiaan Buddendorf; Gianluca Botter; Chris Soulsby
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We propose a novel analytical approach that provides a simple, integrated tool for assessing the effects of hydroclimatically-driven flow regime variations on fish habitat. Average habitat quality metrics can be predicted effectively by an analytical equation. This is the result of the integration of two functions describing (a) the flow regime (the frequency distribution of discharge) and (b) the relationship between discharge and habitat quality. We applied this approach as a “proof of...
Topics: Analytical approach, Atlantic salmon, Flow regime, Habitat suitability, Hydroclimatic variability,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zhongjue Yu; Yong Geng; Hancheng Dai; Rui Wu; Zhiqing Liu; Xu Tian; Raimund Bleischwitz
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It is critical to adapt to climate change and reduce the overall carbon emissions. China announced its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) at the Paris climate conference in 2015. The carbon cap-and-trade scheme, which plays a key role in carbon emissions abatement, is an effective policy for China to achieve its NDC. This study focuses on the allocation of regional and sectoral initial carbon emission allowances in Shanghai. An impact evaluation on the macro-economy, carbon trading...
Topics: Allowance allocation, Computable general equilibrium model, Emission trading scheme, Shanghai,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Félix Massiot-Granier; Martin Castonguay; Hilaire Drouineau; Emili García-Berthou; Pascal Laffaille; Alain Lechêne; Mario Lepage; Karin Limburg; Jérémy Lobry; Eric Rochard; Kenneth Rose; Juliette Rosebery; Thibaud Rougier
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Climate, by altering the spatio-temporal distributions of suitable habitats, leads to modifications in a multitude of species ranges. In recent years, the ability of species to adjust to changing climatic conditions is of growing concern. In the present study, a generic trait-based method to assess species exploratory potential under climate change is proposed. “Exploratory potential” is here defined as the capacity of species to initiate the act of leaving their current habitats and to...
Topics: Climate change, Composite metric, Exploration, Migratory species, Participatory method, Range shift
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chia Lung Wu; Yi Chang Chiang
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Extreme rainfall and sea level rise under climate change may increase the risk of flooding and thus threaten people's lives and property. Accordingly, the concept of flood resilient urban design has been proposed, in which methods for managing the climate impacts while maintaining the cities' functions have been investigated. This study provided insights into the urban lagoon transformation of Tainan City introduced by the International Landscape Design Competition for Tainan Axis...
Topics: Climate change, Flood resilience, GIS, Geodesign, Transformation, Urban development
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kristina Yuzva Clement; W. J. Wouter Botzen; Roy Brouwer; Jeroen C.J.H. Aerts
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Climate change is increasing the risks of weather-related disasters in many regions around the world. This has an adverse socio-economic impact on households, farmers and small businesses. Some strategies for effectively managing climate related disasters include index based insurance products, which are increasingly offered as alternatives to traditional insurance, particularly in low-income countries. However, the uptake of index insurance remains low, which can be partially attributed to the...
Topics: Basis risk, Climate change, Index insurance, Insurance demand, Natural disaster risk
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Global concerns about climate change and its environmental consequences, social factors and economic constraints require pursuit of a new approach to the supply chain planning at the strategic, tactical and operational levels. Recovery of waste electric and electronic equipment (WEEE) has become an important issue in the developing economies, as legislations that mandate manufacturers and importers to take back the wastes of their electrical and electronic products (WEEE) has been promulgated....
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The decarbonisation of membrane desalination is a grand challenge due to the competing demands of more water for a thirsty world and the urgent need to reduce carbon emissions to mitigate climate change. This paper is a review of some developing strategies that could lead to lower energy use and thereby reduce the carbon foot print of desalination. Each strategy brings benefits along with technical challenges that are research opportunities. The use of very low energy ‘engineered biofilms’...
Topics: Decarbonisation, Desalination, Energy, Reverse osmosis, Strategies
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The large and rapid climate change event that occurred around 4200 years ago (hereafter the 4.2-kyr event that marks the onset of the Meghalayan stage) is one of the most significant climatic anomalies in the Holocene. It may have exerted profound societal impact globally; however, its triggering mechanism remains uncertain. Here we present a high-resolution, well-dated pollen record covering this interval from the Tianluoshan archaeological site in East China. Our results show that the...
Topics: "Asian summer monsoon, Climate change, ENSO, Neolithic culture, Vegetation history, Zhejiang...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Eduardo Aguilera; Guiomar Carranza-Gallego; David Soto; Manuel González de Molina
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Soil organic carbon (SOC) management is key for soil fertility and for mitigation and adaptation to climate change, particularly in desertification-prone areas such as Mediterranean croplands. Industrialization and global change processes affect SOC dynamics in multiple, often opposing, ways. Here we present a detailed SOC balance in Spanish cropland from 1900 to 2008, as a model of a Mediterranean, industrialized agriculture. Net Primary Productivity (NPP) and soil C inputs were estimated...
Topics: Climate change, Irrigation, Land use change, NPP, Roots, Woody crops
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Huimin Li; Jie Wang; Xiu Yang; Yufei Wang; Tong Wu
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Since 2010 China has launched three batches of low-carbon pilot cities to explore feasible local policies or actions that can be replicated on a larger scale. Based on their official self-assessment reports, this study investigates the progress of 32 pilot sites from the initial two batches. Indicators of progress include: establishing a comprehensive governance system to guarantee the implementation of low-carbon strategies, plans and actions; implementing a carbon emission statistics system;...
Topics: China, Climate change, Experimental governance, Low-carbon development, Policy experimentation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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REDD+ was initially conceived of as a multi-level carbon-based payment for environmental services (PES). It is still often assumed to be a cost-effective climate change mitigation strategy, but this assumption is mostly based on theoretical studies and static opportunity cost calculations. We used spatial and socioeconomic datasets from an Amazonian deforestation frontier in Brazil to construct a simulation model of REDD + payments to households that can be used to assess REDD + interventions....
Topics: Agent-based modeling, Farm household, Land-use/cover change, Optimal control, Payments for...
China is anticipated to face reductions in crop yield due to climate change. Combining a process-based agricultural model (APSIM) with a simplified empirical model, we investigate the association between wheat productivity and climate variables in the North China Plain (NCP) over the period 1960–2010. The results show that the spatial distribution of wheat productivity across NCP is negatively related to daily maximum temperature but positively to daily minimum temperature, solar radiation...
Topic: Wheat productivity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change likely poses severe and distinct threats to human life but COP21 as the first-ever universal, legally binding climate deal created a momentum for rapid changes and expects top ten emitters admit reducing as first target group. This article attempts to evaluate four driving forces of GHG emissions (Kaya Identity), in period of 40 years (1971–2012) among top ten emitters (2015), responsible for 67% of all GHG emissions. Single and Multiple Linear Regression Models are used and...
Topics: Carbon intensity, Climate change, Energy intensity, Population, Top ten emitters
Environmental processes are highly complex and their understanding involves the analysis of various quantitative and qualitative parameters (physical, chemical, geographical etc), which are more or less correlated. Appropriate environmental knowledge can deal with this complexity in a tractable way. Such knowledge is essential for solving particular environmental problems. Generating valuable environmental knowledge is a challenging research topic, especially for environmental data science, as...
Topics: Bayesian networks, Data mining, Integrated environmental modelling, Intelligent environmental...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Future changes in rainfall patterns induced by climate changes will affect society and ecosystems, and quantifying these changes is of utmost importance for the management of hydroclimate risk. In particular, the estimation of intensity-duration-frequency (IDF) curves for rainfall data is a routine procedure in urban hydrology and hydraulic studies and should be revisited to reflect future changes in rainfall variability. In this work, we propose a novel methodology based on the...
Topics: Bayesian model, Climate change, Intensity-Duration-Frequency curves, Rainfall, Regional estimates
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dušan Cogoljević; Katarina Prljić; Stefan Zimonjić
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The linkage between energy resources and economic development is a topic of great interest. Research in this area is also motivated by contemporary concerns about global climate change, carbon emissions fluctuating crude oil prices, and the security of energy supply. The purpose of this research is to develop and apply the machine learning approach to predict gross domestic product (GDP) based on the mix of energy resources. Our results indicate that GDP predictive accuracy can be improved...
Topics: Economic development, Energy usage, Prediction
Climate change studies need to develop models for species risk that are mechanistic and predictive, with conservation strategies explored through the use of scenarios. This study focused on a diverse group for climate change analysis – lichen epiphytes – to develop a heuristic model for quantifying risk that has two key components. First, it draws on the classic ecological concept – ‘das Gesetz der relativen Standortskonstanz’ – which explains how the suitable niche space of a...
Topics: Climate change, Epiphyte, Fecundity, Generation time, Population simulation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mark E. Baird; Mathieu Mongin; Farhan Rizwi; Neal E. Cantin; Monika Soja-Woźniak; Jennifer Skerratt
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Mass coral bleaching has emerged in the 21st century as the greatest threat to the health of the world's reefs. A sophisticated process understanding of bleaching at the polyp scale has now been achieved through laboratory and field studies, but this knowledge is yet to be applied in mechanistic models of shelf-scale reef systems. In this study we develop a mechanistic model of the coral-symbiont relationship that considers temperature-mediated build-up of reactive oxygen species due to excess...
Topics: Biogeochemical model, Climate change, Coral mortality, Great Barrier Reef, Mass bleaching,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Garba Aliyu; Alberto Sanz-Cobena; Christoph Müller; Mohammad Zaman; Jiafa Luo; Deyan Liu; Junji Yuan; Zengming Chen; Yuhui Niu; Weixin Ding; Aisha Arowolo
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Nitrous oxide (N2O) is one of the most important and persistent greenhouse gases, however, there is a lack of accurate data on soil background N2O emissions (BNE) from agricultural land. Calculations of N2O emission factors from land uses are currently based on a single, universal BNE value advocated by the International Panel on Climate Change, but BNE are thought to vary with climate and soil types. We ran a meta-analysis of 58 peer-reviewed, published data source on soil BNE from cropland...
Topic: Soil properties
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Wen Xiao; Xiao Chen; Xin Jing; Biao Zhu
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The crucial biogeochemical processes such as carbon and nutrient cycling are increasingly altered at the ecosystem scale by global environmental changes. Although soil extracellular enzyme activities (EEAs) play a critical role in biogeochemical processes, the global patterns of soil EEAs in a changing world remain elusive. Here, we synthesized eight EEAs involved in carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) acquisition in response to seven global change factors based on 132 peer-reviewed...
Topics: Carbon storage, Climate change, Extracellular enzyme activities, Nitrogen addition, Nutrient...
Climate change will affect precipitation and flood regimes. It is anticipated that the Probable Maximum Precipitation (PMP) and Probable Maximum Flood (PMF) will be modified in a changing climate. This paper aims to quantify and analyze climate change influences on PMP and PMF in three watersheds with different climatic conditions across the province of Québec, Canada. Output data from the Canadian Regional Climate Model (CRCM) was used to estimate PMP and Probable Maximum Snow Accumulation...
Topics: Canadian regional climate model, Climate change, Uncertainty analysis
Simulation modelling applied to grapevine is a promising tool to unravel the tight interactions between agricultural management and pedo-climatic conditions, and their impact on yield variability. This is an urgent need in current conditions, and in light of climate change, which is expected to deeply affect the performances of vine cropping systems. Here we present a BioMA software component (UNIFI.GrapeML), which is a model library of grapevine physiological processes. We used it to develop a...
Topics: Sobol’ total order, Vineyard
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Quentin Dalaiden; Hugues Goosse; Olivier Lecomte; David Docquier
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Driftwood is frequently used to estimate past changes of sea ice extent and circulation in the Arctic. Nevertheless, driftwood observations are difficult to interpret because of the potentially complex relation with climate change. In order to determine the origin of the observed changes, we built a driftwood transport model (DTM) simulating the driftwood trajectories from the boreal forest to Arctic coasts. The model is driven by three main variables, which are the sea ice velocity,...
Topics: Arctic ocean, Driftwood, Holocene, Proxy system models, Reconstruction, Sea ice
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Gang Zhao; Huilin Gao; Shih Chieh Kao; Nathalie Voisin; Bibi S. Naz
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The future resilience of water supply systems is unprecedentedly challenged by non-stationary processes, such as fast population growth and a changing climate. A thorough understanding of how these non-stationarities impact water supply resilience is vital to support sustainable decision making, particularly for large cities in arid and/or semi-arid regions. In this study, a novel modeling framework, which integrates hydrological processes and water management, was established over a...
Topics: Climate change, Demand growth, Droughts, Non-stationarity, Water supply resilience
The impacts of urban surface characteristics on urban heat islands have been extensively studied. However, the influence of local climate on the urban heat island intensity remains elusive. This study aims to quantify the influence of precipitation on the urban heat island intensity over the Continental United States (CONUS) at climate scales. Results from numerical experiments show that across the CONUS, the urban heat island intensities are positively correlated with the precipitation amounts...
Topics: CONUS, Precipitation, Urban canopy model, Urban heat island
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Simon C. Parkinson; Marek Makowski; Volker Krey; Khaled Sedraoui; Ned Djilali
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Sustainable development objectives surrounding water and energy are interdependent, and yet the associated performance metrics are often distinct. Regional planners tasked with designing future supply systems therefore require multi-criteria analysis methods and tools to determine a suitable combination of technologies and scale of investments. Previous research focused on optimizing system development strategy with respect to a single design objective, leading to potentially negative outcomes...
Topics: Capacity expansion planning, Climate change mitigation, Energy systems analysis, Groundwater...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Late Holocene climate change is an important issue in global change research, because of its close relationship with human societal development. The Horqin sandy land is an important area for early dryland agriculture development. However, the role that climatic factors, especially temperature and precipitation, played in regional agriculture development is still unclear. This paper presents a high-resolution multi-proxy palaeomoisture record spanning 4300–1000 cal. yr BP derived from...
Topics: Aeolian deposit, Climate change, Horqin sandy land, Late Holocene
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by F. Oliva; M. C. Peros; A. E. Viau; E. G. Reinhardt; F. C. Nixon; A. Morin
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This study presents a multi-proxy reconstruction of tropical cyclone (TC) activity for the past 800 years from Robinson Lake, located on the north Atlantic seaboard of Nova Scotia, Canada. Two sediment cores were extracted from Robinson Lake and were dated by 210Pb and 14C methods, and analyzed for organic matter content, sediment grain size, and a range of elements and elemental ratios determined by XRF core scanning. A distinct sand layer in the most recent sediments is attributed to...
Topics: Grain size analysis, North Atlantic, Paleotempestology, Tropical cyclones, X-ray fluorescence
We propose a multicriteria decision-making framework to support strategic decisions in forest management, taking into account uncertainty due to climate change and sustainability goals. In our setting, uncertainty is modeled by means of climate change scenarios. The decision task is to define a harvest scheduling that addresses, simultaneously, conflicting objectives: the economic value of the strategy, the carbon sequestration, the water use efficiency for biomass production and the runoff...
Topics: Forestry management, Multicriteria optimization, OR in environment and climate change, Stochastic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yu Li; Yuan Liu; Wangting Ye; Lingmei Xu; Gengrui Zhu; Xinzhong Zhang; Chengqi Zhang
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China is the country with the most population in the world, and its climate is extremely diverse due to tremendous differences in latitude, longitude, and altitude, ranging from tropical in the far south to subarctic in the far north and alpine in the higher elevations of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Accurate assessment of its modern climate change is conductive to addressing global warming threat. Along with the development of Past Global Changes (PAGES) research, the focus has changed from...
Topics: Asian monsoon, Assessment, China, Climate change, Holocene, Paleo-climate
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by I. Foyo-Moreno; I. Alados; L. Alados-Arboledas
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Knowledge of the photosynthetic photon flux density (Qp) is critical in different applications dealing with climate change, plant physiology, biomass production, and natural illumination in greenhouses. This is particularly true regarding its diffuse component (Qpd), which can enhance canopy light-use efficiency and thereby boost carbon uptake. Therefore, diffuse photosynthetic photon flux density is a key driving factor of ecosystem-productivity models. In this work, we propose a model to...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yitong Yao; Zhijian Li; Tao Wang; Anping Chen; Xuhui Wang; Mingyuan Du; Gensuo Jia; Yingnian Li; Hongqin Li; Weijun Luo; Yaoming Ma; Yanhong Tang; Huimin Wang; Zhixiang Wu; Junhua Yan; Xianzhou Zhang
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Accurate assessment of the strength of China's terrestrial ecosystem carbon sink is key to understanding its regional carbon budget. However, large uncertainties in current carbon sink estimations still exist, which hinder the prediction of future climate change trajectories. In this study, we generated a high-resolution (1 km × 1 km) dataset of China's net ecosystem productivity (NEP) in the last decade via a model tree ensemble approach combined with data from 46 flux sites in China and...
Topics: Carbon sink, China, Eddy covariance, Model tree ensemble, Net ecosystem productivity (NEP)
Cryptomeria (Cupressaceae) is a relic genus that was widely distributed throughout Eurasia during the Cenozoic. Interpretation of the biogeographic history of this genus is currently limited by lack of fossil records from the Paleogene of East Asia. Here, we report on a new fossil species of Cryptomeria, Cryptomeria yunnanensis W.N. Ding et Z.K. Zhou sp. nov., based on well-preserved compressions and impressions from the Rupelian (~ 32 Ma) of the Lühe Basin, Yunnan, Southwest China. Sterile...
Topics: China, Climate change, Cryptomeria, Cuticle micromorphology, Fossil history, Oligocene
Drought is a complex natural hazard that may have destructive damages on societal properties and even lives. Generally, socioeconomic drought occurs when water resources systems cannot meet water demand, mainly due to a weather-related shortfall in water supply. This study aims to propose a new method, a heuristic method, and a new index, the socioeconomic drought index (SEDI), for identifying and evaluating socioeconomic drought events on different severity levels (i.e., slight, moderate,...
Topics: A heuristic method, Climate change, East River basin, Reservoir operation, Socioeconomic drought...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anna Ida Hämmerle; Johannes Wessely; Zvjezdana Stančić; Undrakh-Od Baatar; Franz Essl; Dietmar Moser; Borja Jiménez-Alfaro; Ute Jandt; Emiliano Agrillo; Thomas Dirnböck; Stefan Dullinger
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Climate change and nitrogen (N) deposition are among the most important drivers of biodiversity change at a global scale. Although commonly considered separately in applied research, conservation, and policy development, both empirical evidence and modelling studies indicate that these two stressors may act synergistically and trigger a more pronounced biodiversity loss than each of them alone. Interactive effects thus need to be considered in biodiversity conservation. In this study, we...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Most of the experience collected on wave overtopping is concentrated on emerged or zero-freeboard structures, and only few experiments are available on over-washed dikes. The experience on submerged crest conditions is principally related to rubble mound structures and limited to the wave reflection and transmission processes. The existing tools for the prediction of the average wave overtopping discharge (q) at dikes are therefore targeted to represent overtopped structures, leading to...
Topic: Wave overtopping discharge
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Iman Mallakpour; Mojtaba Sadegh; Amir AghaKouchak
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In this study, we investigate changes in future streamflows in California using bias-corrected and routed streamflows derived from global climate model (GCM) simulations under two representative concentration pathways (RCPs): RCP4.5 and RCP8.5. Unlike previous studies that have focused mainly on the mean streamflow, annual maxima or seasonality, we focus on projected changes across the distribution of streamflow and the underlying causes. We report opposing trends in the two tails of the future...
Topics: California, Streamflow regimes, Trend analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yoav Peled; Shiri Zemah Shamir; Mordechai Shechter; Eyal Rahav; Alvaro Israel
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Marine climate regulation, the absorption and deposition of atmospheric carbon in the marine environment, is considered a valuable ecosystem service. Past valuations of this ecosystem service neglected to account for its temporal context, either by equating it with primary productivity, an underlying ecosystem process, or disregarded the temporal aspects related to its supply, thus leading to inaccurate valuations. This study presents a simplified spatiotemporal economic valuation methodology...
Topics: Climate regulation, Ecosystem services modeling, Ecosystem services valuation
To figure out the driving factors of irrigation water demand and an effective way for relieving the sharp contradiction between the supply and demand of agriculture water resources in the Heihe River basin of Northwest China, a conventional method in estimating irrigation water demand was modified by incorporating the simulations of Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model with its distributed hydrological response units (HRUs). Simultaneously, a new factor decomposition model for irrigation...
Topics: Arid region, Driving factor effects, Irrigation water demand, LMDI factor decomposition, SWAT model
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Askari; I. Sharifi; M. R. Aflatoonian; Z. Babaei; P. Ghasemi Nejad Almani; M. A. Mohammadi; H. Alizadeh; S. Hemati; M. Bamorovat
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Leishmaniasis is rising in many countries, including Iran, due to climate change, refugee crises, urbanization and etc. The aim of this study was to explore the epidemiology, extent and identity of Leishmania species in a newly emerged focus in Abdanan County, Ilam Province, South-western Iran. This study was performed as a descriptive cross-sectional study by a systematic house-to-house approach. The Leishmania species was identified by RFLP-PCR and sequencing. Altogether, 46799 individuals...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Low-carbon development has been widely regarded as a key strategy for tackling the challenges posed by climate change. Measuring low-carbon performance can provide policy makers valuable information for monitoring the progress of low-carbon development in an economy such as a city. Composite indicator, owing to its transparency and ease of communication to the public, has been touted as a useful analytical tool for measuring low-carbon performance. The construction of composite indicators often...
Topics: Aggregation, Composite indicator, Low-carbon performance, Non-compensatory, OR in environment and...
Drought is one of the world's most recurrent and destructive hazards, and the evolution of drought events has become increasingly complex against a background of climate change and changing human activities. Over the last five decades, there have been frequent droughts on the Loess Plateau in China. In this study, we used the nonparametric standardized runoff index (NSRI) to investigate the temporal characteristics of hydrological drought in 17 Loess Plateau catchments during the period...
Topics: Loess Plateau, NSRI
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yan Liu; Liu Yang; Wuxing Zheng; Tang Liu; Xiangrong Zhang; Jiaping Liu
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In current system of building energy efficiency, the building energy saving rate is calculated based on energy consumption per unit area on a certain past stage. The approach is restricted by the development of economy, progress of energy-saving technologies and climate change. In present work, a novel building energy efficiency evaluation index is developed to represent building energy saving performance. A building model can be first established according to architectural design scheme,...
Topics: Building envelopes, Calculation model, Energy saving rate, Thermal design, Weather data
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by K. N. Shi; D. H. Zhang; N. Liu; S. B. Wang; J. X. Ren; S. L. Wang
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Energy crisis, climate change, and stringent legislations are imposing great pressure on enterprises, especially manufacturing sectors, to improve their energy efficiency. To achieve higher energy efficiency in manufacturing, reliable energy consumption modelling is the prerequisite since it offers fundamental basis for any energy efficiency-related optimization. Although tool wear is inevitable, traditional energy consumption models fail to take tool wear effects into consideration. To address...
Topics: Cutting power, Energy consumption modelling, Energy efficiency, Milling process, Tool wear
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Debin Fang; Xiaoling Zhang; Qian Yu; Trenton Chen Jin; Luan Tian
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The fact that global warming will bring impact on immigration, agriculture and also generate human conflicts is becoming a focus in climate change topic and the forecasting of carbon dioxide emission has been attracting much attention. In this paper, we proposed an improved Gaussian processes regression method for carbon dioxide emission forecasting based on a modified PSO algorithm which can efficiently optimize the hyper parameters of covariance function in the Gaussian processes regression....
Topics: CO2 emission, Forecasting, Gaussian process regression, Particles swarm optimization
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Environmental problems that seriously affect both natural systems and social development of human beings have drawn extensive attention from governing authorities all around the world, and become an urgent issue to be addressed. Ports play a significant role in the international shipping which inevitably influence the global environment. Thus, the concept of green port is developed to mitigate the negative impacts of inappropriate port operations on environment. This paper analyzes the current...
Topics: Green port development, Maritime transport
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by S. U.K. Rohmer; J. C. Gerdessen; G. D.H. Claassen; J. M. Bloemhof; P. van ’t Veer
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The current food system, with its consumption and production activities, threatens our environment and depletes the resources of future generations. Changing the food system, by consuming foods with lower environmental footprint and choosing more environmental friendly production and distribution alternatives, holds potential to reduce the environmental impact. The aim of this research is to propose healthy and sustainable alternatives to the current consumption of cow's meat and dairy products...
Topics: Environmentally sustainable consumption, Nutrient comparison, Sustainable food system
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anna Lehtonen; Arto Salonen; Hannele Cantell; Laura Riuttanen
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Climate change is a wicked problem of our time. It is a phenomenon that is difficult to combat with prevailing ways of thinking and behaving related to a modern understanding of humanity and education. In this article, the challenges of sustainability education are explored from the theoretical perspective of modern dichotomies. The article argues that to combat wicked problems of sustainability, awareness of interconnectedness is vital. In order to increase the understanding of what kind of...
Topics: Climate change, Climate change education, Interconnectedness, Modern dichotomies, Sustainability...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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International agreements on energy access and climate change, formulated according to neoliberal orthodoxy, will drive significant finance to developing countries for clean technology investments. But critics call for more active state intervention – a developmental approach – arguing that free markets alone will not deliver what is required. This creates the potential for confrontation between contradictory ideologies in national policymaking and implementation: neoliberalism in global...
Topics: Kenya, Strategic niche management, Sustainable energy access
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alexana Cranmer; Erin Baker; Juuso Liesiö; Ahti Salo
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Siting offshore wind farms is a complex problem due to the wake interactions between wind farms. We develop a profit maximizing portfolio model based on underlying network models to track the wake effects through a series of wind farms. Our portfolio model optimizes the siting of wind farms considering multiple wind directions and wind speeds and performs better than simple decision heuristics. Excluding sites from the portfolio has nonlinear impacts on the profitability of the portfolio of...
Topics: OR in energy, OR in environment and climate change
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Weiwei Ren; Tao Yang; Pengfei Shi; Chong yu Xu; Xudong Zhou; Quanxi Shao; Philippe Ciais
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Climate change imposes profound influence on regional hydrological cycle and water security in many alpine regions worldwide. Investigating regional climate impacts using watershed scale hydrological models requires a large number of input data such as topography, meteorological and hydrological data. However, data scarcity in alpine regions seriously restricts evaluation of climate change impacts on water cycle using conventional approaches based on global or regional climate models,...
Topics: Active indicator function, Bayesian neural networks, Climate change, Data sparse alpine region,...