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Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Since the first wind farms began operating in the early 1980s, several important factors have changed in the overall picture of energy politics worldwide. The total renewable wind energy capacity of Spain currently accounts for more than 20% of the total installed capacity, which makes integration into the grid challenging for wind farm owners as well as electricity transportation and distribution companies. The smart-grid concept, which focuses on real-time monitoring and dynamic rating...
Topics: Ampacity, CO2 footprint, Climate change, Dynamic rate, Sustainable energy systems
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Askari; I. Sharifi; M. R. Aflatoonian; Z. Babaei; P. Ghasemi Nejad Almani; M. A. Mohammadi; H. Alizadeh; S. Hemati; M. Bamorovat
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Leishmaniasis is rising in many countries, including Iran, due to climate change, refugee crises, urbanization and etc. The aim of this study was to explore the epidemiology, extent and identity of Leishmania species in a newly emerged focus in Abdanan County, Ilam Province, South-western Iran. This study was performed as a descriptive cross-sectional study by a systematic house-to-house approach. The Leishmania species was identified by RFLP-PCR and sequencing. Altogether, 46799 individuals...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Benchrif; B. Guinot; M. Bounakhla; H. Cachier; B. Damnati; B. Baghdad
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The Mediterranean basin is one of the most sensitive regions in the world regarding climate change and air quality. Deserts and marine aerosols combine with combustion aerosols from maritime traffic, large urban centers, and at a larger scale from populated industrialized regions in Europe. From Tetouan city located in the North of Morocco, we attempted to better figure out the main aerosol transport pathways and their respective aerosol load and chemical profile by examining air mass back...
Topics: Aerosols, Back trajectory clustering, Chemical composition, Maritime traffic, PM2.5, Western...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Bhattachan; G. M. Sanchez; L. S. Smart; P. J. Taillie; R. E. Emanuel; E. L. Seekamp
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Many rural coastal regions are distinctly vulnerable to sea level rise because of their remoteness, isolation from central planning agencies, and poverty. To better plan for future sea level changes in these regions, an interdisciplinary approach to assess the social and environmental impacts of sea level rise and their dynamic feedbacks is important. In this paper, we use a socio-ecological system framework to investigate sea level rise impacts to the Albemarle-Pamlico Peninsula, a rural,...
Topics: Climate adaptation, Climate change, North Carolina, Risk perceptions, Social-ecological systems
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Bhuvanesh; S. T. Jaya Christa; S. Kannan; M. Karuppasamy Pandiyan
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Global climate change is the biggest challenge to decide on the energy and environmental policy. Reducing greenhouse gases (GHG) emission would confine hazardous effects of global warming. United Nations Climate Change Conference reported that global GHG emission rate has elevated by an average of 3% annually. In this context, the state of Tamil Nadu in India emits 51.42 Million Tons CO 2 equivalent as reported by Tamil Nadu Carbon Footprint study carried out by Confederation of Indian Industry...
Topics: Electricity generation expansion planning, EnergyPLAN, GHG emissions, Tamil Nadu and LEAP
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Bonfante; E. Monaco; G. Langella; P. Mercogliano; P. Manna; F. Terribile
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Climate change (CC) directly influences agricultural sectors, presenting the need to identify both adaptation and mitigation actions that can make local farming communities and crop production more resilient. In this context, the viticultural sector is one of those most challenged by CC due to the need to combine grape quality, grapevine cultivar adaptation and therefore farmers' future incomes. Thus, understanding how suitability for viticulture is changing under CC is of primary interest in...
Topics: Climate change, Dynamic Viticultural zoning, Grapes quality, SWAP
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. C. Kalogridis; O. B. Popovicheva; G. Engling; E. Diapouli; K. Kawamura; E. Tachibana; K. Ono; V. S. Kozlov; K. Eleftheriadis
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Vegetation open fires constitute a significant source of particulate pollutants on a global scale and play an important role in both atmospheric chemistry and climate change. To better understand the emission and aging characteristics of smoke aerosols, we performed small-scale fire experiments using the Large Aerosol Chamber (LAC, 1800 m3) with a focus on biomass burning from Siberian boreal coniferous forests. A series of burn experiments were conducted with typical Siberian biomass (pine and...
Topics: Aerosol emission factors, Aging in dark conditions, Biomass burning, Chamber experiments,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. C. Ruiz-Fernández; V. Carnero-Bravo; J. A. Sanchez-Cabeza; L. H. Pérez-Bernal; O. A. Amaya-Monterrosa; S. Bojórquez-Sánchez; P. G. López-Mendoza; J. G. Cardoso-Mohedano; R. B. Dunbar; D. A. Mucciarone; A. J. Marmolejo-Rodríguez
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Coastal vegetated habitats can be important sinks of organic carbon (C org ) and mitigate global warming by sequestering significant quantities of atmospheric CO 2 and storing sedimentary C org for long periods, although their C org burial and storage capacity may be affected by on-going sea level rise and human intervention. Geochemical data from published 210 Pb-dated sediment cores, collected from low-energy microtidal coastal wetlands in El Salvador (Jiquilisco Bay) and in Mexico (Salada...
Topics: Blue carbon, C org burial rate, C org stock, Sea level rise, Tropical salt marsh
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Cominola; E. S. Spang; M. Giuliani; A. Castelletti; J. R. Lund; F. J. Loge
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With increasing water and energy use in the residential sector, due to population growth, urbanization, and climate change, demand-side management (DSM) is essential to complement supply-side interventions to meet future demands and reduce costs. This paper explores how customer segmentation analysis can support customized water and electricity DSM. We contribute a three-phase customer segmentation analysis of over 1000 residential accounts in the Los Angeles County (Southern California) to...
Topics: Customer segmentation, Demand management, Smart metering, User profiling, Water-energy nexus
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Damalas; C. Mettas; E. Evagorou; S. Giannecchini; C. Iasio; M. Papadopoulos; A. Konstantinou; D. Hadjimitsis
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Research studies using a Geo-Spatial Early Warning Decision Support System (GE-DSS) based platform and tool to integrate and link decision makers, Emergency Operation Centres (EOCs), Operational Resources (OR) in the field for multi-hazard or disaster management in accordance relative to the New European Union Civil Protection Mechanism (UCPM) priorities have neither been explored nor implemented. The goal of the DECATASTROPHIZE (DECAT) platform is to use a GE-DSS to assess, prepare for and...
Topics: Disaster management, European Union (EU) Civil Protection Mechanism, Geo-spatial Early Warning...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Due to the finite resources of fossil fuels and their role as the most important factor in air pollution and climate change, the use of renewable energy sources is the best solution to meet the power requirements. One of the appropriate technologies in terms of energy saving and power generation with high efficiency is using the cogeneration of heat and power in which renewable fuels are used instead of fossil fuels. In the present work, a cogeneration system, consisting of a gas turbine cycle...
Topics: Anaerobic digester, Cogeneration system, Exergo-economic analysis, Mixing ratio
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Excessive waste generation caused by exponential growth in resource use for the production of consumer goods, electronics and packaging has placed a growing burden on waste management globally. In Australia, waste is currently generated at a rate of 43 million tonne per annum and has a projected growth rate of 4.5% per annum. Diminishing landfill capacity adds to the pressure faced by governments to consider alternative waste technologies put forward by industry. In Australia, residual waste...
Topics: Electricity, Greenhouse gas, Impact assessment, Waste management, Waste-to-energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Shallow-water marine invertebrates living near the upper limits of their thermal tolerances are uniquely susceptible to climate warming. This is particularly the case for species that occur in geographic regions where larval dispersal or adult migration to cooler waters is not an option. This scenario aptly describes populations of the seagrass-associated sea urchin Lytechinus variegatus inhabiting the northern Gulf of Mexico where northward movement is restricted by a coastline. In the present...
Topics: Climate change, Echinoid, Gulf of Mexico, Magnesium calcite, Ocean acidification, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Measurement uncertainty of atmospheric profiles obtained by radiosoundings is crucial in climate change studies. This paper shows how the understanding of geographic gaps of radiosonde networks calls for a functional approach able to handle spatio-temporal profile data, and related complexity issues are addressed.
Topics: GRUAN, RAOB, Spatio-temporal models
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. G. Koutroulis; L. V. Papadimitriou; M. G. Grillakis; I. K. Tsanis; K. Wyser; R. A. Betts
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As freshwater availability is crucial for securing a sustainable, lower‑carbon future, there is a critical connection between water management and climate policies. Under a rapidly changing climate, it is more important than ever to estimate the degree of future water security. This is a challenging task as it depends on many different variables: the degree of warming and its consequent effects on hydrological resources, the water demand by different sectors, and the possible ameliorations or...
Topics: Adaptation, Droughts, Europe, Vulnerability, Water availability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The decarbonisation of membrane desalination is a grand challenge due to the competing demands of more water for a thirsty world and the urgent need to reduce carbon emissions to mitigate climate change. This paper is a review of some developing strategies that could lead to lower energy use and thereby reduce the carbon foot print of desalination. Each strategy brings benefits along with technical challenges that are research opportunities. The use of very low energy ‘engineered biofilms’...
Topics: Decarbonisation, Desalination, Energy, Reverse osmosis, Strategies
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Gomiero; R. G.J. Bellerby; M. Manca Zeichen; L. Babbini; A. Viarengo
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Recently, there has been a growing concern that climate change may rapidly and extensively alter global ecosystems with unknown consequences for terrestrial and aquatic life. While considerable emphasis has been placed on terrestrial ecology consequences, aquatic environments have received relatively little attention. Limited knowledge is available on the biological effects of increments of seawater temperature and pH decrements on key ecological species, i.e., primary producers and/or...
Topic: Ocean acidification
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Gracia; Nelson Rangel-Buitrago; Judith A. Oakley; A. T. Williams
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With a global increase in coastal development, together with increasing storminess and continuing sea level rise, coastal erosion has become a serious problem along a significant percentage of coastlines of many countries. Coastal erosion and shoreline management plans are often implemented on an action-reaction and post-disaster basis, resulting in installation of hard engineering structures, such as, groins, seawalls, revetments, gabions and breakwaters. These hard stabilization structures...
Topics: Ecosystems, Engineering, Management, Protection
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Holma; P. Leskinen; T. Myllyviita; K. Manninen; L. Sokka; T. Sinkko; K. Pasanen
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The EU is aiming to increase the utilisation of renewable energy to 20% of the total energy consumption by 2020. For Finland, the target is 38%. Renewable energy sources are assumed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions when compared to fossil fuels. Yet not all environmental impacts of renewable energy use are thoroughly assessed, and there are no comprehensive assessments on the impacts and risks of renewable energy production that would take into account all possible environmental impacts. We...
Topics: Energy scenarios, Environmental impacts, Expert knowledge, Qualitative, Renewable energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Kaurin; R. Mihelič; D. Kastelec; H. Grčman; D. Bru; L. Philippot; M. Suhadolc
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Climate change causes droughts, which in turn cause significant physiological stress for soil microorganisms. In this study, we investigated how the abundance of total bacterial, crenarchaeal and fungal communities and the abundance of N-cycling microbial guilds responded to a severe agricultural drought event in a long-term experiment of minimum tillage (MT) and conventional ploughing (CT) at two soil depths. Drought, defined as a reduction of soil water content and increased soil temperature,...
Topics: Ammonia-oxidising archaea, Ammonia-oxidising bacteria, Climate change, Conservation agriculture,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Kremer; R. Stein; K. Fahl; Z. Ji; S. Wiers; J. Matthiessen; M. Forwick; L. Löwemark; M. O'Regan; J. Chen; I. Snowball
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The Yermak Plateau is located north of Svalbard at the entrance to the Arctic Ocean, i.e. in an area highly sensitive to climate change. A multi proxy approach was carried out on Core PS92/039-2 to study glacial-interglacial environmental changes at the northern Barents Sea margin during the last 160 ka. The main emphasis was on the reconstruction of sea ice cover, based on the sea ice proxy IP 25 and the related phytoplankton - sea ice index PIP 25 . Sea ice was present most of the time but...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Lagarde; L. Doyen; A. Ahad-Cissé; N. Caill-Milly; S. Gourguet; O. Le Pape; C. Macher; G. Morandeau; O. Thébaud
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This paper examines the impact of climate change on the bio-economic performance of Bay of Biscay mixed fisheries and explores the capacity of alternative management strategies to cope with these impacts. A dynamic multi-species, multi-class, multi-fleet model is developed and calibrated using available biological, economic and environmental information for French fleets. Fishing and economic data have been collected within the European Data Collection Framework. Climate represented by the sea...
Topics: Global warming, Scenarios, Sustainability
Agriculture, and its impact on land, contributes almost a third of total human emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG). At the same time, it is the only sector which has significant potential for negative emissions through offsetting via the supply of feedstock for energy and sequestration in biomass and soils. Perennial crops represent 30% of the global cropland area. However, the positive effect of biomass storage on net GHG emissions has largely been ignored. Reasons for this include the...
Topics: Above ground biomass, Below ground biomass, Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Decomposition, Greenhouse gas...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Maarit I. Kallio; Rafal Chudy; Birger Solberg
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Rapid decarbonisation of the transport sector calls for increased use of biofuels. Part of the increase may be covered by fuels produced from logging residues, wood chips and round wood. This article addresses the economic potential and possible impacts of increased production of such wood based biofuels on the forest industries and production of wood based heat and power in the European Economic Area. A global model for the markets and trade of forest biomass and products, the EFI-GTM was...
Topics: Bioenergy, Climate change mitigation, Energy wood, Forest biomass, Forest sector
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Mahmoudi; M. Fazli; M. R. Morad
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The increment of using fossil fuels has caused many perilous environmental problems such as acid precipitation, global climate change and air pollution. More than 50% of the energy that is used in the world is wasted as heat. Recovering the wasted heat could increase the system efficiency and lead to lower fuel consumption and CO2 production. Organic Rankine cycle (ORC) which is a reliable technology to efficiently convert low and medium temperature heat sources into electricity, has been known...
Topics: Cycle efficiency, Organic Rankine cycle, Waste heat, Working fluid
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Identifying the historical hydrometeorological trends in a river basin is necessary for understanding the dominant interactions between climate, human activities and local hydromorphological conditions. Estimating the hydrological reference conditions in a river is also crucial for estimating accurately the impacts from human water related activities and design appropriate water management schemes. In this effort, the output of a regional past climate model was used, covering the period from...
Topics: Climate change, Historical climatology, Human interventions, Spercheios River, Trend analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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There is an increasing interest in climate change mitigation agricultural activities and the effects on carbon (C) sinks. It is essential to study, propose and implement agricultural practices to protect the environment and increase crop yields, whilst at the same time aiming to reduce agricultural emissions and increase C sequestration. Further study of these aspects is important in order to identify the best land management practices and policies to protect the environment. So with this...
Topics: Big data, Biodiversity, C storage, Land management practices, National action plans, Sector...
Leaf gas exchanges, carbohydrate metabolism and growth of three Brazilian Cerrado invasive African grasses were evaluated after growing for 75 days under doubled CO2 concentration and temperature elevated by 3 °C. Results showed that although the species presented photosynthetic C4 metabolism, they all had some kind of positive response to increased CO2. Urochloa brizantha and Megathyrsus maximus showed increased height for all induced environmental conditions. Urochloa decumbens showed only...
Topics: C4 metabolism, Photosynthesis, Soluble sugars, Water relations
Meteorological droughts can have unexpected cascading consequences on social, economic, and environmental systems, which depend on the starting conditions of affected systems, and on natural and human drivers. In coastal areas, droughts propagate their effects to coastal aquifers, causing exacerbation of withdrawals with consequent worsening of groundwater quality and quantity. Considering the area of Lecce province (Salento peninsula, Apulia region, Southern Italy), the study outlines the...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal aquifer, Drought, Scenario building, Water crisis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The effects of climate change on the agricultural sector are tremendous. Thus, it is essential to determine its impacts on agricultural water resources and to minimize adverse effects on crop production. The present study aims to simulate climate data based on SRES A1B scenario from the outputs of three General Circulation Models (GCMs) namely, FGOAL, HADCM3 and IPCM4 and examine the design water requirement (DWR) of winter paddy using frequency analysis under climate change condition in...
Topics: Climate change scenario, Crop production, Design water requirement, Drought risk, Gross paddy water...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. S. Mathys; N. C. Coops; S. W. Simard; R. H. Waring; S. N. Aitken
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The composition and health of forests across western North America have shown signs of change over the last half-century associated with altered climate conditions. Most models developed to predict responses to variation in climate assume that the ecological distribution of adult trees provides a sound basis for projecting potential shifts in a species’ range. Under a dynamic climate, however, recently established seedlings may more closely reflect changes in climate conditions. This study...
Topics: 3-PG model, Climate change, Forest regeneration, Process-based model, Tree species distributions
When considering cities such as Lisbon, which due to their Köppen Geiger classification of ‘Csa’, witness hot and dry summers, the translation of local bottom-up knowhow upon climatic guidelines has been a topic of considerable dissemination over recent years. Depicting upon a concrete case study located in Lisbon's historical quarter, the results from a previous bioclimatic study undertaken by the authors were taken further in order to consider how worst-case-scenarios of climate change...
Topics: Human thermal comfort, Mediterranean climate, Microclimate, Physiologically equivalent temperature,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Specchiulli; L. Cilenti; R. D'Adamo; A. Fabbrocini; W. Guo; L. Huang; A. Lugliè; B. M. Padedda; T. Scirocco; P. Magni
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Coastal lagoons are highly vulnerable to climate change-related pressures, such as floods and increasing temperatures, which lead to higher oxygen consumption, anaerobic metabolism and dystrophic events. Although these factors have a significant impact on the carbon cycle, the dynamics of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in these systems have not been extensively investigated. DOM can be analytically determined from the concentration of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and/or from the spectral...
Topics: Absorption spectra, Carbon cycling, Chromophoric dissolved organic matter, Coastal lagoons, Optical...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Coastal ecosystems are exposed to multiple anthropogenic stressors such as fishing, pollution, and climate change. Ecosystem-based coastal management requires understanding where the combination of multiple stressors has large cumulative effects and where actions to address impacts are most urgently needed. However, the effects of multiple stressors on coastal and marine ecosystems are often non-linear and interactive. This complexity is not captured by commonly used spatial models for mapping...
Topics: Cumulative impacts, Kelp forests, Model selection, Multiple stressors, Regression, Spatial...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Aamir Nawab; Fahar Ibtisham; Guanghui Li; Barbara Kieser; Jiang Wu; Wenchao Liu; Yi Zhao; Yasir Nawab; Kongquan Li; Mei Xiao; Lilong An
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Worldwide, the effect of climatic variations has become a great challenge in poultry production. As global climate is changing, it alters the environmental temperatures, precipitation patterns and atmospheric carbon dioxide. Poultry farming mainly depends on climatic conditions such as temperature and humidity. Several factors can be involved but heat stress is one of most important environmental factor influencing a wide range of chickens performances including reduced feed intake which, in...
Topics: Climate change, Food safety, Heat stress, Mitigation, Poultry farming, Productivity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Replacing fossil fuels by logging-residue-based bioenergy has been proposed as a way to mitigate climate change. If residues are combusted for energy, their carbon content is released immediately. Residues, that are not combusted, decompose and emit carbon gradually. The relative harmfulness of bioenergy emissions therefore depends on how strongly we prefer the slow release of carbon to an immediate one. Two factors affect this judgment: (1) our time preference and (2) our expectations...
Topics: Betula pendula, Bioenergy, Carbon, Emission factor, Logging residues, Picea abies, Pinus...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Aaron C. Greenville; David B. Lindenmayer; John W. Morgan; Dean Heinze; Graeme R. Gillespie; Luke Einoder; Alaric Fisher; Jeremy Russell-Smith; Daniel J. Metcalfe; Peter T. Green; Ary A. Hoffmann; Glenda M. Wardle
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An unprecedented rate of global environmental change is predicted for the next century. The response to this change by ecosystems around the world is highly uncertain. To address this uncertainty, it is critical to understand the potential drivers and mechanisms of change in order to develop more reliable predictions. Australia's Long Term Ecological Research Network (LTERN) has brought together some of the longest running (10–60 years) continuous environmental monitoring programs in the...
Topics: Biodiversity, Climate change, ILTER, LTERN, Long-term monitoring
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Aaron F.J. Brecka; Chander Shahi; Han Y.H. Chen
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Recent studies have assessed the ecological effects of climate change on boreal forests; however, our understanding of the economic impacts of climate change on timber supply remains limited. Forestry is an important boreal industry; hence, it is necessary to better understand the ecological impacts that directly and indirectly affect this sector. We reviewed published literature concerning ecological impacts of climate change on biome shifts, regional forest disturbances, and tree growth,...
Topics: Productivity, Tree mortality rates
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Abdirahman M. Abdilahi; Mohd Wazir Mustafa; Saleh Y. Abujarad; Mamunu Mustapha
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Fossil-fired power plants retrofitted with Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) may have operational benefits for future low carbon power systems. This paper aims to review state of the art literature with the objective to identify whether carbon capture power plants would bring flexibility within future lower carbon power systems. To achieve this objective, at first, the work investigates flexible operation of CCS technology. In particular, flexibility enabling mechanisms and factors that affect...
Topics: Carbon Capture and Storage, Flexible operation of CCS, Power system flexibility, Power system...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Abdul Qayyum Aslam; Iftikhar Ahmad; Sajid Rashid Ahmad; Yawar Hussain; Muhammad Sameem Hussain; Jaweria Shamshad; Syed Jawad Ali Zaidi
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Climate change is posing stresses on water resources, food security, population, environment and economy of the southern Punjab. Integrated climate change risk assessment is carried out using assessed likelihood approach for defined mean, hot & dry, central, warm & wet climate models over selected time slices and adaptation plans. Climate models are based on the 5 th , 50 th & 95 th percentiles of PRECIS RCM projections of temperature & precipitation under IPCC A2 & A1B...
Topics: Adaptation perspective, Analytical hierarchy process, Baseline and resilience risk, Climate models,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Abdul Razak Saeed; Constance McDermott; Emily Boyd
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Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, sustainable forest management, enhancement of forest carbon stocks and conservation (REDD+) aims to reduce the 12–17% of global greenhouse gas emissions attributable to forest loss worldwide. As tropical countries undertake REDD+ readiness, vital questions arise around the equity of REDD+ interventions. In particular, there has been much critique of the impact of REDD+ on local forest communities, and whether these interventions...
Topics: Forest, Ghana, Policy, REDD+
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Abdullah Al Mamun; Mohd Rosli Mohamad; Mohd Rafi Bin Yaacob; Muhammad Mohiuddin
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In order to address the issues of climate change through wise management of resources and environmental conservation, this study examined the intention and behavior towards green consumption among low-income households. This study was a cross-sectional that relied on 380 low-income household respondents who lived in coastal areas of Peninsular Malaysia. The findings revealed a positive effect of eco-literacy and self-efficacy on attitude towards green products. Subsequently, the findings also...
Topics: Green consumption, Green products, Theory of planned behavior
Pure CO 2 spectra recorded at room temperature and different pressures (0.2–140 Torr) have been analyzed with the help of a fitting routine that takes into account asymmetries arising in the spectral lines due to pressure induced effects such as line mixing. The fitting procedure used in this study allows one to adjust the ro-vibrational constants for the band rather than fitting for individual line parameters. These constrained parameters greatly reduce the measurement uncertainties and...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Abeer H. Ali; Mostafa Abdelrahman; Usama Radwan; Soad El-Zayat; Magdi A. El-Sayed
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With the increasing effects of global climate change and population growth, there is a high need for new agricultural practices to maximize efficiencies and reduce the efforts needed for developing new crop varieties that can withstand various abiotic stress. Plant-microbe association to optimize plant growth and increase plant host stress tolerance may play an essential role in improving environmental sustainability and economic viability, especially in the arid land habitats. In the present...
Topics: Antioxidant, Heat stress, Photosynthesis, Plant-endophytes association
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Abhishek Chakraborty; M. V.R. Seshasai; C. Sudhakar Reddy; V. K. Dadhwal
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This study assessed the spatial patterns of significant negative trend of forest seasonal greenness over the different forest types of India using 8-day composite MODIS NDVI (500 m) time series data (2001–2014). It was further analyzed to quantify the negative changes in the core forest areas and to indentify hotspots of it over the large protected forest areas. Significant negative changes in the seasonal greenness were found to be highest over tropical moist deciduous forest (2067.35...
Topics: Forest greenness, Hotspots, Negative change, Time series NDVI
This article presents research designed to deepen understanding of institutional fossil fuel divestment, as one approach to addressing climate change. Since 2011, a growing global social movement has emerged focused on divestment of fossil fuel company holdings and reinvestment of those resources in clean energy. The study used a qualitative research design, employing a positive deviance approach and the Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change (TTM), a well-established clinical psychology...
Topics: Clean energy investment, Climate action, Fossil fuel divestment, Leadership, Positive deviance,...
Console Demos
by AcidRain
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Full demo information and links at https://www.pouet.net/prod.php?which=77143 AcidRain Type: 512b Release Date: july 2018 Release Party: Nordlicht Release Compo: combined intro Ranked: 5
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Adam Hestetune; Erin Seekamp; Mae A. Davenport; Jordan W. Smith
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Very little outdoor recreation and tourism research uses scientifically-grounded climate change projections or weather data to predict future recreation demand using standard contingent behavior methods. The demand studies that have presented visitors with projected changes to climate and weather are limited to predicting visitation demand in a single season at a single destination. This research note reports a replication of a winter tourism demand model for the summer tourism season at the...
Topics: Environmental conditions, Outdoor recreation, Place meanings, Seasonality, Travel behavior, Weather
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Adam Moreno; Mathias Neumann; Hubert Hasenauer
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The structure of a forest dictates its function, vulnerability to mortality, and ecosystem services it provides. Many aspects of the environment and management determine forest structures, such as canopy height, stand density, carbon content, etc. Environmental factors, such as climate, limit the extent to which management can maximize structures of a forest. By understanding how climate limits forest structures over large landscapes we can better quantify the potential upper limit that a...
Topics: Climate, Forest, Limits, Structure, Tipping points
Narrowing the gap between research, policy making and implementing adaptation remains a challenge in many parts of the world where climate change is likely to severely impact water security. This research aims to narrow this gap by matching the adaptation strategies being framed by policy makers to that of the perspectives of development agencies, researchers and farmers in the Himalayan state of Sikkim in India. Our case study examined the perspectives of various stakeholders for climate...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Spring-water, Stakeholders, Water
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Fish is an important component in the diets of people who live on small islands providing most of their protein. The food security of these people are being impacted by the negative impacts of climate variability and change which include higher sea surface temperatures. The purpose of this paper is to assess the responses of fishers to the impacts of climate variability and change in two small islands. Little is known of how persons are adapting to climate change within the Caribbean and the...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ademir de Oliveira Ferreira; Telmo Jorge Carneiro Amado; Charles W. Rice; Dorivar A. Ruiz Diaz; Clever Briedis; Thiago Massao Inagaki; Daniel Ruiz Potma Gonçalves
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In a climate change scenario, it is important to understand the factors that lead to changes in a soil carbon (C) sink. It is recognized that such process is highly dependent on climate, soil properties, topography, and vegetation. However, few studies demonstrate how these mechanisms operate in highly weathered Oxisols. Therefore, this study evaluated the driving factors for C recovery and accumulation and its relations with fertility attributes in the soil profile (0 to 1 m depth) in no-till...
Topics: Crop rotation, Deep carbon, Soil fertility
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The 2ν6 (A1 + E)/ν2 + ν3 (A1)/ν3 + ν5 (E) band system of CH3Br, near 2000 cm−1, has been studied, for both 79Br and 81Br isotopologues, using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, with a resolution of 0.003 cm−1. This band system, revealing anharmonic (Δk = Δl = 0) and Coriolis (Δk = Δl = ± 1) interactions, has been analyzed through a least-squares fit of more than 3000 transitions, for each isotopologue. More than 600 transitions belonging to the very weak ν3 + ν5...
Topics: Anharmonic, Combination bands, Coriolis and α-resonance interactions, High resolution, IR...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Aditya Kumar; Shiliang Wu; Yaoxian Huang; Hong Liao; Jed O. Kaplan
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We estimate the global Hg wildfire emissions for the 2000s and the potential impacts from the 2000–2050 changes in climate, land use and land cover and Hg anthropogenic emissions by combining statistical analysis with global data on vegetation type and coverage as well as fire activities. Global Hg wildfire emissions are estimated to be 612 Mg year −1 . Africa is the dominant source region (43.8% of global emissions), followed by Eurasia (31%) and South America (16.6%). We find significant...
Topics: Biomass burning, Climate change, Land cover, Land use, Modeling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Aditya Sharma; Devesh Sharma; S. K. Panda; Swatantra Kumar Dubey; Rajani K. Pradhan
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The ongoing increases in concentrations of atmospheric greenhouse gas will most likely affect global climate for the rest of this century. Global warming brings a huge provocation to society and human beings. Single extreme events and increased climate variability have a greater impact than long-term changes in the mean of climatic variables. This study analyzed the temperature projections for Rajasthan state, India using data obtain from two General Circulation Models (GFCM21 and HadCM3) for...
Topics: Extreme indices, LARS-WG5, SRES, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Adolfo Iulianelli; Vincenzo Palma; Giuseppe Bagnato; Concetta Ruocco; Yan Huang; Nejat T. Veziroğlu; Angelo Basile
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There is a general agreement about the consideration that the fossil fuels are a limited resource and the emission of carbon dioxide and other harmful products are the main cause of the global warming and climate change. The interest for decreasing the fossil fuels dependence and reducing the greenhouse gases emissions represents a top priority. The biomass is a renewable resource useful for biodiesel and bioethanol production. The latter, most plentiful, is currently considered as green...
Topics: Bioethanol, Hydrogen, Pd-based membrane reactor, Steam reforming
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Adrian Piticar
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This research aims to examine changes in heat waves (HWs) over Chile from 1961 to 2016 using daily maximum (TX) and minimum temperature (TN) data recorded at 13 weather stations. Based on three HW-definitions and five aspects for each definition some 15 indices were calculated and analyzed for the extended summer period (November-March). The three definitions of the HWs employed in this study were based on: (1) the TX exceeding the 90th percentile for at least three consecutive days, (2) the TN...
Topics: Chile, Climate change, Excess heat factor, Heat waves
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Adrian R.H. Wiegman; Eric D. Roy; Robert R. Lane; David E. Dismukes; Brian F. Snyder
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Over 25% of Mississippi River delta plain (MRDP) wetlands were lost over the past century. There is currently a major effort to restore the MRDP focused on a 50-year time horizon, a period during which the energy system and climate will change dramatically. We used a calibrated MRDP marsh elevation model to assess the costs of hydraulic dredging to sustain wetlands from 2016 to 2066 and 2016 to 2100 under a range of scenarios for sea level rise, energy price, and management regimes. We...
Topics: Climate change, Energy modeling, Marsh creation, Oil prices, River diversions, Wetland restoration
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Adriana Allek; Ariadna S. Assis; Hawthorne L. Beyer; Nicoli Eiras; Thais P. Amaral; Brooke Williams; Nathalie Butt; Anna R. Renwick; Joseph R. Bennett
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Reducing the rate of species extinctions is one of the great challenges of our time. Understanding patterns in the distribution and frequency of both threatened species and the threatening processes affecting them improves our ability to mitigate threats and prioritize management actions. In this quantitative synthesis of processes threatening Australian at-risk fauna, we find that species are impacted by a median of six threats (range 1–19), though there is considerable variation in numbers...
Topics: Body mass, Conservation, Extinction risk, Prioritization, Threatened species, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Adriana Rodríguez; Sabrina Clemente; Alberto Brito; José Carlos Hernández
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The recent decrease in seawater pH has stimulated a great deal of research on the effects of ocean acidification on various organisms. Most of these studies have mainly focused on the direct effects of acidification on organisms. However, the effects on ecological interactions have been poorly studied. In this paper we have focused on determining the effects of acidification on feeding rates of two species of sea urchins, Paracentrotus lividus and Diadema africanum through laboratory...
Topics: Algae growth, Climate change, Diadema africanum, Feeding rates, Indirect effects, Juvenile sea...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Adriana Sanchez; A. Camilo Rey-Sánchez; Juan M. Posada; William K. Smith
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In models of photosynthetic gas exchange, leaf temperature (Tleaf) is often calculated using a combination of derivations of the energy balance equation and measurements of air temperature (Tair). Yet, there are frequently large differences between Tleaf and Tair under natural field conditions, and an energy balance is complicated in complex canopies, especially in tropical ecosystems. In the present study, we aimed to quantify the variation in Tleaf relative to Tair under naturally varying...
Topics: Air temperature, Climate change, Climate modeling, Sunlight, Tropical alpine
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Adriane R. Lam; Alycia L. Stigall; Nicholas J. Matzke
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The Middle to Late Ordovician was a time of profound biotic diversification, paleoecological change, and major climate shifts. Yet studies examining speciation mechanisms and drivers of dispersal are lacking. In this study, we use Bayesian phylogenetics and maximum likelihood analyses in the R package BioGeoBEARS to reanalyze ten published data matrices of brachiopods and trilobites and produce time-calibrated species-level phylogenetic hypotheses with estimated biogeographic histories....
Topics: BioGeoBEARS, End Ordovician mass extinction, Great Ordovician biodiversification event, Larvae,...
Coral reef ecosystems and the people who depend on them are increasingly exposed to the adverse effects of global environmental change (GEC), including increases in sea-surface temperature and ocean acidification. Managers and decision-makers need a better understanding of the options available for action in the face of these changes. We refine a typology of actions developed by Gattuso et al. (2015) that could serve in prioritizing strategies to deal with the impacts of GEC on reefs and...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Coral reefs, Management, Ocean acidification
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Adrián Cardil; J. Bosco Imbert; J. Julio Camarero; Irantzu Primicia; Federico Castillo
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Many factors can influence tree growth over time such as different forest management practices, climate or tree-to-tree interactions, especially in mixed forests. We show in this work how the temporal growth patterns for Scots pine and European beech depend on thinning intensity (0%, 20% and 40% extraction of basal area), canopy type (pine–beech vs. pine patches), throughfall and their interactions. To fulfill this objective we monitored radial growth of both species using band dendrometers...
Topics: Dendrometer, Forest management, Growth, Mixed forest, Throughfall, Water availability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Mixed crop-livestock farming systems provide food for more than half of the world's population. These agricultural systems are predicted to be vulnerable to climate change and therefore require transformative adaptations. In collaboration with farmers in the wheatbelt of Western Australia (WA), a range of systemic and transformative adaptation options, e.g. land use change, were designed for the modelled climate change projected to occur in 2030 (0.4–1.4° increase in mean temperature). The...
Topics: Mitigation, Modelling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Sustainable vineyards soil management can help to mitigate the negative effect of intensive agriculture on soil ecosystem for the achievement of the sustainable development goals. Cover crops use as cover management in vineyard could be considered as nature based solution for soil restoration and proper water management. Cover crops (CC) provide many ecosystem services through carbon sequestration and climate change regulation, water purification and soil protection. However, a holistic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Agata Tyczewska; Ewa Woźniak; Joanna Gracz; Jakub Kuczyński; Tomasz Twardowski
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The consistent increase in the global population, estimated to reach 9 billion people by 2050, poses a serious challenge for the achievement of global food security. Therefore, the need to feed an increasing world population and to respond adequately to the effects of climate change must be urgently considered. Progress may be achieved by applying knowledge of molecular and genetic mechanisms to create and/or improve agricultural and industrial processes. We highlight the importance of crops...
Topics: GMO, agrobiotechnology, crops, food security
To limit climate change, significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions are needed. Changes to consumer behavior could be one strategy to reach emission reduction targets. In this context, the role of information is crucial. One way of informing consumers about the climate impact of their food choices is through labels on the packaging. Providing additional information about labels or climate friendly food behavior directly before the product choice is made can stimulate the use of and...
Topics: Carbon footprint label, Consumer, Information effect, Preferences
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ai Leon; Keiichi N. Ishihara
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In agrivoltaic systems, photovoltaic (PV) modules are ground-mounted between crops replacing a part of greenhouse or are set below or above the cover film of greenhouse; these can provide solutions with respect to land competition and climate change mitigation. These systems have certain additional functions, namely, sunlight sharing, land sharing and power generation, as compared to the conventional agricultural production systems. These new functions are not adequately performed by...
Topics: Land sharing, Power generation, Sunlight sharing
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Aikaterini Zerva; Georgios Tsantopoulos; Evangelos Grigoroudis; Garyfallos Arabatzis
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The current need to adjust to the climate change requires urgent action to be taken both by the stakeholders involved in addressing climate change and by citizens. However, in order for citizens to be able to take part in such actions directly or indirectly, they will need to have a positive perception of the relevant stakeholders, so that a mutual relationship of trust and understanding is established. The objective of this study is to examine citizen satisfaction with the actions of the...
Topic: Stakeholders
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Aiping Wang; Shu Kee Lam; Xingyu Hao; Frank Yonghong Li; Yuzheng Zong; Heran Wang; Ping Li
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Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) is the world's most important grain legume. The impacts of climate change such as elevated CO 2 and drought on soybean physiological and morphological responses are not well understood. This study evaluated the effects of elevated CO 2 (ambient concentration + 200 mmol mol −1 ) and drought stress (35–45% of relative water content) on soybean leaf photosynthesis, chlorophyll fluorescence, stress physiological indexes, morphological parameters, biomass and...
Topics: Drought stress, Elevated [CO 2 ], Oxidative stress, Photosynthesis, Soybean, Yield
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Aisha Olushola Arowolo; Xiangzheng Deng; Olusanya Abiodun Olatunji; Abiodun Elijah Obayelu
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Increasing human activities worldwide have significantly altered the natural ecosystems and consequently, the services they provide. This is no exception in Nigeria, where land-use/land-cover has undergone a series of dramatic changes over the years mainly due to the ever-growing large population. However, estimating the impact of such changes on a wide range of ecosystem services is seldom attempted. Thus, on the basis of GlobeLand30 land-cover maps for 2000 and 2010 and using the value...
Topic: Value coefficients
Space cooling plays a major role in the commercial building energy consumption due to hot and humid climate in Florida. Although many studies have found that global warming would cause a decrease in heating requirements and an increase in cooling requirements, few of the studies propose mitigation of the cooling demands of the buildings. This study explores the mitigation measures, which include the thermal resistance features of wall and roof systems, visible and solar transmittance values of...
Topics: Building energy efficiency code, Building energy simulation, Climate change, R value, Solar...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ajay Raghavendra; Liming Zhou; Yan Jiang; Wenjian Hua
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Recent studies found a long-term drought and resulting declines in vegetation greenness and canopy water content over the Congo Basin, the second largest rainforest in the world after the Amazon. Since most precipitation in tropical latitudes stems from convection, this paper analyzed 35 years of high-resolution (8 km spatial resolution and 3 h temporal resolution) satellite data to document the long-term trends in the number, size and intensity of thunderstorms activity over the Congo Basin...
Topics: Africa, And tropical convection/thunderstorms, Congo rainforest, Inter-tropical convergence zone,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Farming sugarcane, as a renewable source of ethanol for use as a fuel, is a common practice in Brazilian agriculture. Despite being renewable, whether ethanol use actually reduces greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions depends on how the sugarcane is produced. Studies have shown that land use changes due to sugarcane farming are responsible for a substantial amount of the carbon emitted into the atmosphere, and may be equivalent to, or even greater than, the great “villains” of global warming–the...
Topics: Carbon stock, GIS, Pastures, Sugarcane
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is the new developmental agenda that has been embraced by all countries including those of sub-Saharan Africa. The SDGs consists of the economic, social and environmental dimensions. The aim of this short communication is to examine the central role of the environment in sub-Saharan Africa's march towards achieving the SDGs, though all three dimensions are vital and inter-related. This piece covers an introduction to the SDGs, Africa's performance on MDG...
Topic: Sub-Saharan Africa
Game Source Code Collection
by Al Lowe and Jason Scott
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Excerpt from a dramatic reading of Leisure Suit Larry source code (more accurately, scripting code) from a contributed copy of the scripting language used to generate the game. Reading by Jason Scott. The total reading was roughly 10 and a half hours, done as performance art in December of 2018.
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alain Ménesguen; Geneviève Lacroix
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In the frame of a national, joint scientific appraisal, 45 scientific French-speaking experts have been mandated in 2015–2016 by the French ministries of Environment and Agriculture to perform a global review of scientific literature dealing with the eutrophication phenomenon, in freshwater as well as in marine waters. This paper summarizes the main results of this review restricted to a sub-domain, the modelling approach of the marine eutrophication. After recalling the different aims...
Topics: Deterministic versus statistical, Land-sea coupling, Marine eutrophication, Nutrient reduction...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alan M. Friedlander
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The people of Oceania have long relied on the ocean for sustenance, commerce, and cultural identity, which promulgated a sophisticated understanding of the marine environment and its conservation. Global declines in ocean health now require innovative solutions that can benefit from customary knowledge and practices, which in the past led to sustainable marine resource use. The resurgence of local stewardship, which incorporates customary practices and governance, has shown promise in many...
Topics: Climate change, Co-management, Marine conservation, Marine protected areas, Oceania, Traditional...
Transitioning food, energy and water systems for adaptation and mitigation of climate change is a challenge requiring social as well as technological solutions. The best technological solutions will only be effective if combined with behavior changes placing climate change at the forefront of our socio-cultural consciousness. Education is central in creating such a shift. Climate researchers have an important role in aiding the uptake of climate change education in U.S. public schools, where...
Topics: Climate change education, Climate literacy and pedagogy, Science communication, Social behavior...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The current climate change trajectory is expected to increase the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events (EWE), which have the potential to influence community food security. This research explores the influence of social capital on U.S. rural community responses to an EWE, and its impact on community food security. After the 2011 EWE Tropical Storm Irene in VT, both bonding and bridging social capital influenced rural community responses to the EWE. Communities with high levels of...
Topics: Climate change, Food security, Physical capital, Rural community development, Sense of place,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The 2015 Paris Climate Agreement signifies the commitment of the international community to limit global temperature rise to 2°C above pre-industrial levels and further to 1.5°C. To prepare for increasing temperatures, climate adaptation actors are prioritizing climate resilience- and transformation-based activities. There is, however, limited understanding of actors’ knowledge of and attitudes and practices towards these global temperature targets and concepts. Using the case of Caribbean...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Global temperature limits, Resilience, Small island developing states...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alastair Brown; Kathryn E. Smith
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Physiological adaptations enabling tolerance of low temperature, as well as adaptations in larval development, are thought to be critical to the global radiation of deep-water lineages of lithodine crabs. However, global climate change is warming the oceans, potentially impacting the biogeographic distributions of these large predatory crabs. To date, larval thermal scope has only been explored in a few deep-water lineage lithodines. We assessed larval development parameters in the northern...
Topics: Bioenergetics, Early ontogeny, Lecithotrophy, Lithodid, Respiration
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Albert Galera-Prat; David Pantoja-Uceda; Douglas V. Laurents; Mariano Carrión Vázquez
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Bacterial cellulases are drawing increased attention as a means to obtain plentiful chemical feedstocks and fuels from renewable lignocellulosic biomass sources. Certain bacteria deploy a large extracellular multi-protein complex, called the cellulosome, to degrade cellulose. Scaffoldin, a key non-catalytic cellulosome component, is a large protein containing a cellulose-specific carbohydrate-binding module and several cohesin modules which bind and organize the hydrolytic enzymes. Despite the...
Topics: Biofuels, Cellulosome, CipA, Climate change, Cohesin, Linker, NMR spectroscopy, Scaffoldin
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Albert Vilà-Cabrera; Lluís Coll; Jordi Martínez-Vilalta; Javier Retana
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As global climate becomes warmer, the maintenance of the structure and function of Mediterranean forests constitutes a key challenge to forest managers. Despite the need for forest adaptation, an overall evaluation of the efficacy of current management strategies is lacking. Here we describe a theoretical framework for classifying management strategies, explicitly recognizing trade-offs with other, untargeted ecosystem components. We then use this framework to provide a quantitative synthesis...
Topics: Climate change, Disturbance, Forest adaptation, Management strategies, Mediterranean ecosystems,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alberto Arzac; Elena A. Babushkina; Patrick Fonti; Viktoriya Slobodchikova; Irina V. Sviderskaya; Eugene A. Vaganov
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Climate affects wood formation with consequences for the functioning and survival of trees. Since tree-rings tissues (i.e., earlywood and latewood) are formed at different time in the season, the impact of climate change might differently affect their functions. In this study, we combine quantitative tracheid anatomy with the Vaganov-Shashkin growth model (VS-model) to investigate how summer drought affected the annual ring structure of Pinus sylvestris L. from a forest-steppe zone in Southern...
Topics: Climate change, Drought, Tracheidogram, VS-oscilloscope, Xylem anatomy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alberto Arzac; Vicente Rozas; Philippe Rozenberg; José M. Olano
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Deciphering climatic factors limiting cambial activity is critical to forecast the potential of trees to respond to ongoing climatic change. We explored multiple xylem traits, including tree-ring width, inter-annual microdensity variation and intra-annual density fluctuations (IADF), to unveil the climatic factors constraining cambial activity of a Mediterranean conifer (Pinus pinaster) along a continental-aridity gradient. Secondary growth responded mainly to water availability, explaining as...
Topics: Cambial activity, Intra-annual density fluctuations (IADF), Mediterranean climate, Secondary...
Conservation often focuses on “critical habitat” including areas important for the reproduction of threatened taxa. As for many aquatic species a priority of shark conservation is the protection of nurseries, yet few countries can support the costly fieldwork required to identify these according to strict criteria. Alternative approaches are therefore required where resource, capacity and security constraints exist. This study collates low-resolution data from alternative, remotely...
Topics: Elasmobranch, Estuary, Fish, Megafauna, Middle East, Vertebrate
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alejandro A. Aragón-Moreno; Gerald A. Islebe; Priyadarsi D. Roy; Nuria Torrescano-Valle; Andreas D. Mueller
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Climate and vegetation history from the Yucatán Peninsula, southeastern Mexico, are inferred from a mangrove sediment core deposited between the middle and late Holocene (~5600–1700 cal yr B.P.) in the Rio Hondo Delta. Fossil pollen and concentrations of Ca and Fe and Ca/Fe ratio in sediments are used to record changes in vegetation and climate. Palaeoecological and palaeoclimatic interpretations obtained from pollen abundances and associations and Fe/Ca ratio coincide with dynamics of major...
Topics: Caribbean, ENSO, Fossil pollen, Geochemistry, ITCZ, Vegetation response
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alejandro Gallego-Schmid; Joan Manuel F. Mendoza; Adisa Azapagic
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More than 130 million microwaves are affected by European Union (EU) legislation which is aimed at reducing the consumption of electricity in the standby mode ('standby Regulation’) and at more sustainable management of end-of-life electrical and electronic waste (‘WEEE Directive’). While legislation focuses on these two life cycle stages, there is little information on the environmental impacts of the entire life cycle of microwaves. To address this gap, this paper presents a...
Topics: Circular economy, Climate change, Life cycle assessment (LCA), Resource consumption, Standby...
Greenhouse gas (GHG) concentration in the atmosphere has increased since the beginning of the industrial era, with dramatic effects on climate change. Transportation is one of the main sources of GHGs, with more than two-thirds of transport-related GHG emissions attributable to road vehicles. Any policy that aims to reduce GHG emissions needs robust measuring methods that guarantee the quality and reliability of primary data and estimates. However, these estimates are subject to uncertainty,...
Topics: Direct and indirect emissions, GHG inventory, Uncertainty, Vehicle transportation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alevtina Evgrafova; Tilman René de la Haye; Ina Haase; Olga Shibistova; Georg Guggenberger; Nikita Tananaev; Leopold Sauheitl; Sandra Spielvogel
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The vulnerability of soil organic matter (SOM) sequestered in permafrost-affected soils to climate change plays one of the key roles in the global carbon (C) cycle. However, it still remains unclear how changing soil and site-specific factors, associated with the changing depth of the permafrost table due to thawing, influence the spatial distribution and variability of soil organic carbon (SOC) and total nitrogen (N) stocks in high-latitude mineral soils. The relationships between the spatial...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This study compares climate changes in major agricultural regions and current agricultural seasons associated with global warming of +1.5 or +2.0 °C above pre-industrial conditions. It describes the generation of climate scenarios for agricultural modeling applications conducted as part of the Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP) Coordinated Global and Regional Assessments. Climate scenarios from the Half a degree Additional warming, Projections, Prognosis and...
Topics: AgMIP, Agricultural impacts, Climate change, Climate impacts, HAPPI, Paris Agreement
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alex Y. Lo; Lindsay Qianqing Mai; Anna Ka yin Lee; Maria Francesch-Huidobro; Qing Pei; Ren Cong; Kang Chen
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The article explores issues about governing domestic cap-and-trade systems for mitigating carbon emissions. The implementation of these systems in China warrants investigation, because they could restructure the governing relationships between public and private actors and create conditions for networked forms of governance. The study identifies key challenges presented by an emerging network supporting carbon market development in Guangdong. It provides an assessment of network functioning in...
Topics: China, Climate change policy, Emissions trading, Governance, Network
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alexana Cranmer; Erin Baker; Juuso Liesiö; Ahti Salo
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Siting offshore wind farms is a complex problem due to the wake interactions between wind farms. We develop a profit maximizing portfolio model based on underlying network models to track the wake effects through a series of wind farms. Our portfolio model optimizes the siting of wind farms considering multiple wind directions and wind speeds and performs better than simple decision heuristics. Excluding sites from the portfolio has nonlinear impacts on the profitability of the portfolio of...
Topics: OR in energy, OR in environment and climate change
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alexander Bisaro; Matteo Roggero; Sergio Villamayor-Tomas
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Appropriate institutions are essential for climate change adaptation. Yet diverse approaches to institutional analysis are available, encompassing different ontological and epistemological assumptions, and thus yielding insights on very different aspects of institutions in adaptation. Therefore, efforts to expand knowledge in this domain can be usefully informed by an assessment of approaches to institutional analysis in the adaptation literature, which is to date lacking. We address this gap...
Topic: Post-Normal Science
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alexander G. Rumson; Stephen H. Hallett
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Coastal zones attract human settlement, business and industry, and are instrumental to the functioning of societies both in coastal states and the wider global community. However, the oceans and coasts are under growing pressure as human practices change, populations rise and climate change impacts increase. In managing coastal regions, high quality data forms the basis of rational decision-making. Large volumes of ‘triple bottom line’ data exists representing a wide variety of...
Topics: Coastal management, Environmental risk, Open Source data
Emissions from shipping contribute significantly to both climate change and local air pollution. Cold ironing (onshore power supply) reduces emissions while ships are berthed in port by providing power from shore-side electricity rather than onboard auxiliary generators. Previous research has focused on installing the technology in large ports but if policy goals (particularly in the EU) are to be achieved then smaller ports must also install the technology. Therefore, this study examines the...
Topics: Cold ironing, Environmental, Onshore power supply, Policy, Seaports, Shore-side power,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alexander Singer; Oliver Schweiger; Ingolf Kühn; Karin Johst
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Species range shifts under climate change have predominantly been projected by models correlating species observations with climatic conditions. However, geographic range shifting may depend on biotic factors such as demography, dispersal and species interactions. Recently suggested hybrid models include these factors. However, parameterization of hybrid models suffers from lack of detailed ecological data across many taxa. Further, it is methodologically unclear how to upscale ecological...
Topics: Biotic interaction, Colonization, Dispersal, Extinction, Range projection
Due to few comparative studies, explanations for differences in adaptation mainstreaming between sectors remain widely unclear. The article analyzes how adaptation mainstreaming was approached during the development of the Swiss National Adaptation Strategy and to what extent adaptation objectives were mainstreamed into sectoral policies. The analysis reveals that in Switzerland, adaptation objectives are integrated more substantially into sectoral policies when they overlap with primary...
Topics: Adaptation mainstreaming, Climate change adaptation, National adaptation strategies, Policy...