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Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Yun Chen; Hao Zhang; Bing Lü; Xiaoxia Wu; Zhiqin Wang; Jianchang Yang; Jianhua Zhang; Lijun Liu
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Rice (Oryza sativa L.) paddies contribute approximately 7–17% to total global methane (CH 4 ) emissions and are considered an important source of human-induced climate change. However, the interactive effects of rice roots and soil microbes on CH 4 emissions in paddy fields are not clearly understood. We conducted two field experiments over three years. Soil CH 4 fluxes and cumulative CH 4 emissions, rice root traits, and microbial communities and activities in soil were measured using three...
Topics: Methane emission, Methanogen and methanotroph, Rhizosphere soil, Rice, Root exudate, Root traits
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Rachel J. Harvey; David R. Chadwick; Antonio Rafael Sánchez-Rodríguez; Davey L. Jones
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Evidence suggests that climate change is increasing the frequency of extreme weather events (e.g. excessive rainfall, heat, wind). The winter of 2013-14 saw exceptional levels of rainfall across the UK leading to extreme and prolonged flooding (up to 3 months with floodwater depths up to 3 m) in several low-lying agricultural areas (e.g. Somerset Levels, Thames Valley). The impact of extreme flooding and the speed of ecosystem recovery at the field-scale, however, remain poorly understood. The...
Topics: Extreme weather, Flooding, Nutrient cycling, PLFAs, Waterlogging
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Shifting cultivation (jhum) and forest land are the main land uses in North Eastern region of Indian Himalaya, but in the long term this form of agriculture is not acceptable due to the soil degradation following the cutting of forest vegetation, and the consequent biodiversity loss, high erosion rates and nutrient loss through runoff. No information on soil organic carbon (SOC) dynamics and simulation studies are available, so an attempt was done using RothC model. The model was parameterized...
Topics: Climate change, Forests, Jhum land, North Eastern Himalaya of India, RothC, Soil organic carbon
We analyze a transboundary pollution differential game where, in addition to the standard temporal dimension, a spatial dimension is introduced to capture the geographical relationships among regions. Each region behaves strategically and maximizes its welfare net of environmental damage caused by the pollutant stock. The emission-output ratio is reduced by investment in region specific clean technology which evolves over time. The spatio-temporal dynamics of the pollutant stock is described by...
Topics: Spatial dynamics, Spatially distributed controls, Transboundary pollution
Carbon sink is an effective measure to balance the contradiction between economic development and mitigating climate change in China. This paper reveals that environmental performance of forest carbon sinks reflects in economic value by reducing the emissions abatement cost. The carbon trading system is used to demonstrate the environmental and economic value of forests. The forest carbon sequestrations are estimated and predicted in different regions of China. Furthermore, a market model has...
Topics: Carbon emissions trading market, Emissions reduction costs, Forest carbon sinks
Dietary patterns of eating away-from-home (AFH) considerably differ from those of eating at home in urban China, thus generating varied carbon footprints. However, few studies have investigated the effect of eating places on diet-related climatic burden, and few have modelled the mechanism under the condition of eating-out because the decision of consumers on whether to eat AFH or at home is determined by multiple non-linear socioeconomic factors. Here, we compared the carbon footprints of...
Topics: Bayesian Belief Network, Carbon footprint, Climate change, Eat away-from-home, Socioeconomic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Mohamed Neji; Anais Gorel; Olivier J. Hardy; Dario I. Ojeda; Jérôme Duminil; Chedly Kastally; Kathy Steppe; Adeline Fayolle
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With the ongoing climate change, African rainforests are expected to experience severe drought events in the future. In Africa, the tropical genus Erythrophleum (Fabaceae) includes two forest sister timber tree species displaying contrasting geographical distributions. Erythrophleum ivorense is adapted to wet evergreen Guineo-Congolian forests, whereas E. suaveolens occurs in a wider range of climates, being found in moist dense forests but also in gallery forests under a relatively drier...
Topics: African rainforests, Differentially expressed genes, Drought tolerance, Erythrophleum, RNA-seq,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Vera L. Trainer; Stephanie K. Moore; Gustaaf Hallegraeff; Raphael M. Kudela; Jorge I. Mardones; William P. Cochlan
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Time series now have sufficient duration to determine harmful algal bloom (HAB) responses to changing climate conditions, including warming, stratification intensity, freshwater inputs and natural patterns of climate variability, such as the El Niño Southern Oscillation and Pacific Decadal Oscillation. Against the context of time series, such as those available from phytoplankton monitoring, dinoflagellate cyst records, the Continuous Plankton Recorder surveys, and shellfish toxin records, it...
Topics: Climate change, Extreme events, Harmful algal blooms, Pelagic, Time series
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Lordkipanidze Maia; Lulofs Kris; Bressers Hans
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The paper focuses on the governance of the Dutch national park Weerribben-Wieden and its ability to foster ecological resilience in the face of climate change and human disturbances. The study highlights the role of various characteristics of the institutional context of governance in which resilience-relevant decisions are prepared, taken and implemented as referenced by an assessment of the governance context. The relevance of such an assessment is found in the frequent institutional changes...
Topics: Ecosystem services, Management, Protected area, Resilience
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- J. Kriaučiūnienė; J. Kažys; A. Bukantis; V. Kesminas; A. Povilaitis; J. Dainys; V. Akstinas; A. Jurgelėnaitė; D. Meilutytė-Lukauskienė; A. Tomkevičienė
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Alterations of abiotic factors (e.g., river water temperature and discharge) will definitely affect the fundamental processes of aquatic ecosystems. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of climate change on the structure of fish assemblages in fast-flowing rivers belonging to the catchment of the major Eastern European river, the Nemunas. Five catchments of semi-natural rivers were selected for the study. Projections of abiotic factors were developed for the near (2016–2035)...
Topic: Water temperature
Sherwood Forest Zine Library
- Stephanie Aliaga (Mujeristas Collective)
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Soy Mujerista features twenty-five Latina artists and writers across the United States, defining and constructing mujerismo on our own terms. Individually and collectively, we are illustrating and narrating what it means to be a Mujerista. As an exploration and elaboration to Isasi-Diaz’s ideology, we present to you our three elements: Familia, Patria and Mujerista.
Topics: mujerista, mujeristas, soy, krystal, collective, familia, dos, morenos, morena, patria, mujeristas...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Rosa Paola Ramírez-Preciado; Jaime Gasca-Pineda; Maria Clara Arteaga
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The impacts of global warming on the spatial extent and location of suitable habitat can be examined through spatially explicit projections of climatic niches. We modeled the climatic niche of six oaks (Q. agrifolia, Q. cedrosensis, Q. chrysolepis, Q. devia, Q. palmeri and Q. peninsularis), some rare and others widely distributed, occurring within the Baja California Peninsula, Mexico, and projected future distributions under two contrasting scenarios of global warming. We also estimated the...
Topics: Baja California peninsula, Endemism, Environmental niche models, Geographic range, Oaks
Transportation is proving to be the most difficult sector for reducing U.S. carbon emissions. With 86% of American commuters continuing to drive to work, meeting the urgent climate-change challenge requires a pronounced shift to alternative-fuel vehicles (AFVs). Standing in the way of this transition, however, is the dearth of conveniently located refueling and recharging stations. This paper argues that we cannot generalize from the refueling habits of people driving gasoline cars, or from...
Topics: Compressed natural gas (CNG), Electric vehicle fast charging, Hydrogen fuel cell vehicle, Refueling...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Da Huo; Lina Sun; Libin Zhang; Xiaoshang Ru; Shilin Liu; Hongsheng Yang
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Economically important marine organisms face severe environmental challenges, such as high temperature and low dissolved oxygen, from global climate change. Adverse environmental factors impact the survival and growth of economically important marine organisms, thereby negatively influencing the aquaculture industry. However, little is known about the responses of sea cucumbers to combined environmental co-stressors till now. In this study, ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) was...
Topics: Metabolomics, Sea cucumber, Thermal, UPLC
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Min Duan; Andi Li; Yanhong Wu; Zuoping Zhao; Changhui Peng; Thomas H. DeLuca; Shouqin Sun
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Alpine and subalpine ecosystems on Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau are rich in soil organic carbon and are among the most sensitive regions to climate change, while little is known about the dynamics of soil carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) in alpine/subalpine ecosystems except for the grassland on the plateau. In this study, the monthly and inter-annual variations in soil CO 2 emission from a subalpine coniferous forest and a subalpine shrubland ecosystem on the eastern edge of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau were...
Topics: Coniferous forest, Greenhouse gas emission, High elevation, Shrubland, Subalpine region,...
Little can be done by natural resource managers to abate climatic extremes such as drought, so assisting ecological communities to withstand and to recover from extreme events is likely to be an effective strategy for reducing the impacts of changing climate conditions on biodiversity. We present a framework for identifying locations that are likely to increase the capacity of biota to withstand disturbances (‘resistance’) and to recover when adverse conditions abate (‘resilience’). Our...
Topics: Drought, Fauna, Forest condition, Refuges, Remote sensing, Resilience, Resistance, Spatial...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Daniel H. Janzen; Winnie Hallwachs
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I have been watching the gradual and very visible decline of Mexican and Central American insect density and species richness since 1953 and Winnie since 1978. The loss is very real for essentially all higher taxa, and the reasons are very evident: intense forest and agricultural simplification of very large areas, massive use of pesticides, habitat fragmentation, and at least since the 1980's, ever-increasing climate change in temperature, rainfall, and synchronization of seasonal cues. There...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This study investigates the relations between climate change and both runoff and sediment yield in watersheds and provides a scientific basis for water resources planning and design as well as watershed-scale soil and water conservation. The impact of climate change on runoff and sediment yield in a watershed does not occur in isolation, but is a synergistic process in which climate and vegetation jointly influence runoff and sediment yield. Previous studies have seldom addressed this...
Topics: Synergetic changes, Vegetation cover change
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Xumao Zhao; Pingfen Zhu; Zuofu Xiang; Cyril C. Grueter; Zhijin Liu; Ming Li
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Correlational models are widely used to predict changes in species’ distribution, but generally have failed to address the comprehensive effects of anthropogenic activities, climate change, habitat connectivity and gene flow on wildlife sustainability. Here, we used integrated approaches (MAXENT model, circuit model and genetic analysis) to assess and predict the effects of climate change and anthropogenic activities on the distribution, habitat connectivity, and genetic diversity of an...
Topics: Anthropogenic activities, Climate change, Range shift, Rhinopithecus bieti, Species’ distribution
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Patricia E.(Ellie) Perkins
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Economic inequality reduces the political space for addressing climate change, by producing fear-based populism. Only when the safety, social status, and livelihoods of all members of society are assured will voluntary, democratic decisions be possible to reverse climate change and fairly mitigate its effects. Socio-environmental and climate justice, commoning, and decolonization are pre-conditions for participatory, responsible governance that both signals and assists the development of...
Despite the active applications of thermal comfort indices for heat wave definitions, there is lack of evaluation for the impact of extended days of high temperature on health outcomes using many of the indices. This study compared the impact of heat waves on health outcomes among different heat wave definitions based on thermal comfort and air temperature. We compared heat waves in South Korea (cities and provinces) for the warm season for 2011–2014, using air temperature, heat index (HI),...
Topics: Climate change, Heat wave, Morbidity, Mortality, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Patrick Bitterman; David A. Bennett; Silvia Secchi
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Agricultural production and farmer wellbeing are frequently and adversely affected by interacting climatic, economic, and policy-related disturbances. The ability of individuals to adapt and manage their resilience in the face of these threats is key to understanding how social-ecological systems might respond to future disturbances. We report the results of a survey of farmer adaptability in the Iowa-Cedar River Basin in eastern Iowa that asked questions of farm characteristics, experiences...
Topics: Cluster analysis, Risk perception
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Antonia Sohns; James Ford; Brian E. Robinson; Jan Adamowski
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Increasing pressure on water resources from demographic shifts, climate change, and development patterns is affecting water access and water availability in Arctic households. There is an urgent need to improve understanding of the factors that contribute to Arctic household water vulnerability. This paper examines the key conditions or combinations of conditions associated with water access and water availability that collectively impact household water vulnerability in the Arctic based on an...
Topics: Arctic, Drinking water, Socio-hydrology, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Boran Ekin Aydin; Xin Tian; Joost Delsman; Gualbert H.P. Oude Essink; Edo Abraham
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Worldwide, delta areas are under stress due to climate change. With rising sea levels and decreasing freshwater availability, surface water salinization due to groundwater exfiltration is expected to increase in these low-lying areas. To counteract surface water salinization, freshwater diverted from rivers is used to flush agricultural ditches. In this paper, we demonstrate a Model Predictive Control (MPC) scheme to control salinity and water levels in a water course while minimizing...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This paper presents empirical evidence of historical vegetation and climate change in the arid Pro-Namib and hyper-arid Namib Desert spanning the late 19th century to the present based on one hundred archival landscape photographs that have been re-photographed or ‘matched’. Each photo site was evaluated for changes in woody cover and taken together serve as a proxy for how climate has changed in the region. Vegetation change was related to values for precipitation and temperature derived...
Topics: Benguela upwelling system, Desertification, Global change, Landscape photography, Long-term...
This interdisciplinary review organizes, summarizes and critically analyzes the literature regarding the nexus between climate change and the built environment, its associated impacts, and the proposed mitigation measures and challenges for their implementation. While global warming-driven changes of ecosystems could have multiple impacts on the built environment (most prominently on building energy demand and related urban energy systems), the building sector presents significant potential for...
Topics: Buildings, Climate change, Policy, Renovation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Edmar C. Alves; Bruna B. Soares; José A. de Almeida Neto; Luciano B. Rodrigues
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This study first investigates the environmental performance of 1 kg organic mozzarella cheese production, performing a cradle-to-gate attributional life cycle assessment. The upstream process related to organic milk production contributed the most to the impact category of climate change in the cheese's life cycle. Electricity and water consumption were the main contributors to impacts at the dairy plant level. Then, disregarding the impacts from milk, five scenarios related to technological...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Ka Leung Lam; Steven J. Kenway; Joe L. Lane; K. M.Nazmul Islam; Romain Bes de Berc
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Decoupling energy use from economic growth is critical for improving energy productivity and mitigating climate change. Input-output databases have been increasingly utilised for consumption-based energy accounting, and for exploring both the direct and indirect influence of energy use. This study performed an environmentally-extended input-output analysis of energy use in Australia from 2006 to 2015 to investigate the total energy intensity of industry sectors, and the embodied energy flow...
Topics: Australia, Embodied energy flow, Energy intensity, Input-output analysis, Structural decomposition...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Over the last decades ‘resilience’ has particularly arisen as an attractive perspective with respect to cities. As cities continue to expand, their susceptibility to uncertainties and new challenges, such as climate change, has increased, rendering ‘urban resilience’ an increasingly favoured concept in the realm of Urban Development, Planning and Management (UDPM). Despite recent reviews, an updated analysis of the concept is required to understand whether there is in fact scientific...
Topics: General/specified resilience, Research focuses, Resilience conceptualisations, Thematic evolution
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Fubo Zhao; Yiping Wu; Bellie Sivakumar; Aihua Long; Linjing Qiu; Ji Chen; Lijing Wang; Shuguang Liu; Hongchang Hu
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Net primary production (NPP) is one of the most important components in the carbon cycle of terrestrial ecosystems. Climatic and hydrologic elements are among the primary factors controlling the dynamics of NPP at global and regional scales. Thus, understanding the interactions between them is of great importance for optimal ecosystem management. This study aimed to investigate the spatiotemporal change in NPP and its responses to both climatic and hydrologic factors in a semiarid...
Topics: Biogeochemical modeling, Hydrological modeling, Net primary production, SWAT-DayCent, Water-carbon...
Flood risk management is gradually shifting from a risk-based approach to an integrated one that, among other elements, considers risk communication (RC) as a means of boosting resilience. Regardless of the above, few scientists have tackled up to now the integration of RC into flood risk management. In this connection, this particular study seeks to check out the potential of a risk dialogue approach (based on an ad hoc RC strategy) to change attitudes and behaviours in relation to flash flood...
Topics: EU Flood Directive, Flood risk, Risk communication, Social resilience, Urban area
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Xuegang Mao; Gregory Retallack
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A back to the future approach to climate change refines Neogene records of paleoclimatic cooling and drying as future climate states for a warming world. Near Alcoota station in central Australia is a late Miocene fossil mammal site for Alcoota (10 Ma) and Ongeva (8 Ma) local faunas. The Alcoota fauna includes the largest known land bird (Dromornis stirtoni) and early diprotodontid (Kolopsis torus), but the geologically younger Ongeva fauna has a larger diprotodontid (Zygomaturus gilli). These...
Topics: Caliche, Laterite, Mulga, Paleoclimate, Paleosol, Rainforest
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Coastal wetlands and waterways are important for biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services. Many have been under threat from land clearing, infill development and, increasingly, to sea level rise. Such wetlands not only need to be conserved at their present locations, they must be also able to retreat landwards if ecological functionality and resilience are to be maintained. While land use planning processes and applications can provide a structured approach for both in situ conservation...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal adaptation, Ecosystem services, GIS, Planned retreat, Saltmarshes, Seal...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Learning how terrestrial environments responded to past temperature and precipitation variations can help anticipate how these environments will respond to natural climate variability upon which human induced climate change is superimposed. Here we present a detailed multi-proxy analysis of a sediment core from Emerald Lake, located at the montane-subalpine forest transition in west-central Colorado. The record tracks changes in the lake environment, vegetation and fire activity mostly related...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Stalagmite data from Anjohibe Cave in northwest Madagascar suggest six distinct climate periods from 9.1 to 0.94 ka. Periods I and II (9.1–4.9 ka) were wetter and punctuated by a series of prominent droughts. Periods IV-VI (4–0.94 ka) were much drier and less variable. Period III (4.9-4 ka) marks the transition between wetter and drier conditions and consists of two significant droughts: the first (4.8–4.6 ka) coincides approximately with the end of the African Humid Period and the second...
Topics: Holocene, Human colonization, Megafaunal extinction, Paleoclimatology, Southern hemisphere,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Jingxu Wang; Qiang Zhang; Zifeng Lu; David Streets; Da Pan; Yi Huang; Dabo Guan; Kuishuang Feng; Yingying Yan; Yongyun Hu; Mengyao Liu
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There exist substantial differences in top-of-atmosphere direct radiative forcing of aerosols due to a region's economic production (RF p ) and consumption (RF c ), in the context of economic globalization, trade and globalizing air pollution. Yet an explicit systematic analysis of all socioeconomic and atmospheric factors determining the RF difference is lacking. Here, we evaluate five socioeconomic (population, per capita output, emission intensity) and atmospheric (chemical efficiency and...
Topics: Aerosol radiative forcing, Atmospheric factor, Globalizing air pollution, Input-output analysis,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Reservoirs have played a vital role in sustaining agricultural production and human livelihood with changing environments and demands. While expanding the storage capacity of a reservoir is deemed a robust structural adaptation that improves water allocation, few studies have discussed the sensitivity of this approach to climatic stresses. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of building and upsizing reservoirs on addressing water scarcity under climate change in a simple reservoir...
Topics: Drying climate, Managing storage capacity, Performance loss, Performance sensitivity to climate...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Yan Lu; Qin'geng Wang; Xiaohui Zhang; Yu Qian; Xin Qian
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Black carbon (BC) emissions in China have been changing significantly due to rapid evolution of fuel consumption. In this study, BC emissions from fossil fuel consumption in different sectors were estimated in 2015 based on up-to-date activity data and emission factors (EFs). While for the future scenarios in 2020 and 2030, it was estimated according to relative changes in the activity level and EFs. In 2015, total BC emissions were estimated to be 1.48 Tg, mostly from the industrial,...
Desertification is a global threat to human beings, and effective desertification control requires an interdisciplinary approach to identify the pattern and evolution of sensitive areas. Based on the ESA (Environmental Sensitive Areas) principles and real desertification conditions in North China, the Land Desertification Sensitivity Index (LDSI) was constructed to identify the pattern of areas sensitive to desertification in 1981–2010 as well as their evolution under different climate change...
Topics: Evolution, Land desertification, North China, Pattern, Sensitivity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Martin Dorber; Kim Rainer Mattson; Odd Terje Sandlund; Roel May; Francesca Verones
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Compared to conventional energy technologies, hydropower has the lowest carbon emissions per kWh. Therefore, hydropower electricity production can contribute to combat climate change challenges. However, hydropower electricity production may at the same time contribute to environmental impacts and has been characterized as a large water consumer with impacts on aquatic biodiversity. Life Cycle Assessment is not yet able to assess the biodiversity impact of water consumption from hydropower...
Topics: Characterization factor, Fish, Hydropower reservoir, Species-discharge relationship, Water...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Sydney P. Lundquist; Thomas A. Worthington; David C. Aldridge
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Sclerochronology provides an important and widely used tool to examine annual environmental patterns in marine systems, but few similar tools have been developed to establish ecological indicators in freshwaters on a seasonal scale. Previous work using marine mussels as ecological indicators have practiced shell ashing, acetate peels, and thin sectioning, all of which destroy the specimens. We studied the external annual rings of three freshwater mussel species with clear annual bands from the...
Topic: Unionidae
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Qian Wang; Klaus Hubacek; Kuishuang Feng; Lin Guo; Jinjun Xue; Qiao Mei Liang
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Based on a Multi-Regional Input-Output (MRIO)model, and combined with the 2012 MRIO table for 30 Chinese provinces, this paper analyzes the distributional impacts of carbon pricing on households within and across Chinese provinces. The results show regressive distributional effects of carbon pricing across provinces, i.e. poor provinces are affected more by the price. Carbon pricing also shows rural-urban regressivity (i.e. rural households are impacted more heavily than urban households)in...
Topics: Carbon pricing, Climate change, Income distribution, Inequality, Input-output analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Joshua Humphreys; Kristofor R. Brye; Casey Rector; Edward E. Gbur
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Quantifying greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in agricultural settings has become critically important in determining the magnitude of agricultural impacts on global climate change. Methane (CH 4 ) is a leading GHG emitted from rice (Oryza sativa L.) production and, since soil organic matter (SOM) serves as a substrate for methanogenesis, understanding the relationship between SOM and CH 4 emissions will be essential for attenuating the excessive release of CH 4 to the atmosphere from rice...
Topics: Alfisols, Greenhouse gas, Soil carbon
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Ulrich Strasser; Kristian Förster; Herbert Formayer; Florentin Hofmeister; Thomas Marke; Gertraud Meißl; Imran Nadeem; Rike Stotten; Markus Schermer
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In this paper, the hydrological impacts of future socio-economic and climatic development are assessed for a regional-scale Alpine catchment (Brixental, Tyrol, Austria). Therefore, coupled storylines of future land use and climate scenarios were developed in a transdisciplinary stakeholder process by means of questionnaire analyses and interviews with local experts from various relevant societal sectors. Resulting future land use maps for each decade were used as spatial input in the...
Topics: Climate change, Land use, Mountain hydrology, Numerical modelling, Regional catchment, Storyline...
Exposure to extreme heat can lead to a range of heat-related illnesses, exacerbate pre-existing health conditions and cause increased demand on the healthcare system. A projected increase in temperature may lead to greater healthcare expenditure, however, at present the costs of heat-related healthcare utilization is under-researched. This study aims to review the literature on heat-related costs for the healthcare system with a focus on ED visits, hospitalization, and ambulance call-outs....
Topics: Climate change, Forecasting, Hospitalization cost, Morbidity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Samuel Asumadu Sarkodie; Vladimir Strezov; Haftom Weldekidan; Ernest Frimpong Asamoah; Israel Nutifafa Yawo Doyi
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Increasing population demand has triggered the enhancement of food production, energy consumption and economic development, however, its impact on climate change has become a global concern. This study applied a novel environmental sustainability assessment tool using dynamic Autoregressive-Distributed Lag (ARDL) simulations for model estimation of the relationships between greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, energy, biomass, food and economic growth for Australia using data spanning from 1970 to...
Topics: Climate change, Cointegration, Dynamic modelling, Dynardl
According to the insurance hypothesis, high taxonomic diversity should ensure ecosystem stability because of functional redundancy, whereas reduced functional diversity that results from species loss should affect ecosystem sensitivity, resilience, and vulnerability. However, even in species-rich ecosystems, functional over-redundancy (FOR; i.e., the tendency of most species to cluster into a few over-represented functional entities) in some cases may result in under-representation of many...
Topics: Epiphytes, Functional traits, Insurance hypothesis, Rivet redundancy hypothesis, Rock-dwelling...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Rosana Aguilera; Alexander Gershunov; Tarik Benmarhnia
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Precipitation in California is projected to become more volatile: less frequent but more extreme as global warming pushes midlatitude frontal cyclones further poleward while bolstering the atmospheric rivers (ARs), which tend to produce the region's extreme rainfall. Pollutant accumulation and delivery to coastal waters can be expected to increase, as lengthening dry spells will be increasingly punctuated by more extreme precipitation events. Coastal pollution exposes human populations to high...
Topics: Atmospheric rivers, Coastal waters, Extreme precipitation, Public health
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Europe is currently adapting its waste management strategies towards the increased recycling of waste materials, motivated by ambitious recycling targets. This requires correctly sorting and recovering of all relevant waste flows. In Denmark, a considerable share of residential household waste is collected at recycling centres, 16% of which is sent to energy recovery in the form of “small combustible waste”. Although essential in order to enhance the management of household waste, very...
Topics: Circular economy, Climate change, Contamination, Life cycle assessment, Recycling rate, Sampling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Emilio J. Gonzalez-Sanchez; Oscar Veroz-Gonzalez; Gordon Conway; Manuel Moreno-Garcia; Amir Kassam; Saidi Mkomwa; Rafaela Ordoñez-Fernandez; Paula Triviño-Tarradas; Rosa Carbonell-Bojollo
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Africa is the smallest contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions among the continents, but the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The effects will not be limited to a rising average temperature and changing rainfall patterns, but also to increasing severity and frequency in droughts, heat stress and floods. Agriculture is not only impacted upon by climate change but also contributes to global warming. However, not all agricultural systems affect negatively climate change....
Topics: Carbon sequestration, Climate change, Groundcovers, No-tillage
Variability of the Kuroshio path to the south of Japan plays a central role in the local climate change and exerts tremendous influences on the local atmosphere and ocean. In this study, the response of ocean dynamics, in terms of the eddy kinetic energy (EKE), potential vorticity (PV), relative vorticity, and eddy-mean flow interaction, to the Kuroshio path change is discussed. Kuroshio path south of Japan includes the near-shore non-large meander (nNLM), the off-shore non-large meander...
Topics: Eddy kinetic energy, Kuroshio paths, eddy-mean flow interaction, potential vorticity, relative...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Munemasa Teramoto; Naishen Liang; Yoshiyuki Takahashi; Jiye Zeng; Reiko Ide; Xin Zhao
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Thinning is a necessary procedure for the sustainable management of plantation forests. Thinning has a remarkable influence on forest carbon balance; however, there are limited studies showing the integrated assessment of the effects of thinning on several understory carbon flux components using long-term monitoring data. We measured understory flux components using automated chambers continuously over 12 years to understand the effects of forest thinning conducted in May 2014 and March 2015...
Topics: Automated chamber, Disturbance, Forest management, Soil respiration, Understory flux components,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Morgan W. Shields; Anne C. Johnson; Sunita Pandey; Ross Cullen; M. González-Chang; Steve D. Wratten; Geoff M. Gurr
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Meeting the growing global demand for agricultural products requires the development and use of ecologically-based strategies that will allow sustainable intensification based on ecosystem services. An important component of this approach is conservation biological control. This approach encompasses a variety of management practices that protect natural enemy populations in the agro-ecosystem and enhance their fitness and ultimate impact on pests. It represents an alternative to dependence on...
Topics: Climate change, Communication, Economics, Ecosystem services, Multidisciplinary, Sustainable...
In this study, linkage between changing characteristics of precipitation extremes and cloud covers over Central India is explored during summer monsoon period using Satellite data (1998–2015). This is a first attempt to relate the changes in cloud cover to the changes in precipitation extremes. Non-rainy cirrus clouds are excluded from this study. Results show that heavy rainfall (≥ 60 mm/day)is associated with cold cloud tops (Tb≤220 K)while moderate rainfall ( 220 K and ≤245 K). Low...
Topics: Climate change, Cloud cover, Convection, Drought, Flood, Precipitation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Mitchell Donovan; Patrick Belmont; Bastiaan Notebaert; Tyrel Coombs; Phillip Larson; Michael Souffront
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Increased availability and resolution of remotely-sensed (RS) imagery of Earth's surface has greatly enhanced the precision, spatial extent, and temporal frequency at which we can analyze river channel migration and width changes. Despite a body of research identifying and quantifying sources of uncertainty inherent in such data, no framework has emerged to comprehensively quantify and handle uncertainty. Herein, we summarize and evaluate present best practices, test new approaches to quantify...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Amid the growing population, climate change and decreasing water availability, water resources planning faces the challenge of achieving efficient and equitable water use, mainly in food production, its greatest consumer. The sustainability of agricultural water consumption in the Cachapoal River basin (34°S 71°O) is assessed using the blue (WFS blue ) and gray water footprint sustainability (WFS gray ) indicators under conditions of climate variability. The WFS blue indicator of agricultural...
Topics: Environmental flow, Scarcity, Sustainability indicators, Unsustainability, Water availability,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Robert Scheller; Alec Kretchun; Todd J. Hawbaker; Paul D. Henne
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Fire regimes are now recognized as the product of social processes whereby fire on any landscape is the product of human-generated drivers: climate change, historical patterns of vegetation manipulation, invasive species, active fire suppression, ongoing fuel management efforts, prescribed burning, and accidental ignitions. We developed a new fire model (Social-Climate Related Pyrogenic Processes and their Landscape Effects: SCRPPLE) that emphasizes the social dimensions of fire and enables...
Topics: Fire regime, Fire suppression, Ignition, LANDIS-II, Mortality, Spread
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Md Samsul Alam; Muhammad Atif; Chu Chien-Chi; Uğur Soytaş
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The rate of climate change due to global warming has become a substantial concern and appeared as a real-world phenomenon in the recent years. However, it is imperative to know how business enterprises alter such concern. Recent studies involve a variety of firm-level factors to create a robust link between business enterprises' environmental and financial performance. However, little is known regarding the role of research and development (R&D) investment on firms' environmental...
Topics: Carbon emissions, Corporate R&D investment, Energy intensity, Sustainability
The gap between certified and real-world passenger vehicle emissions is widening and has driven vehicle policy transitions in the US and in Europe, particularly in the wake of emissions measurement scandals. Since carbon dioxide emissions are highly correlated with fuel consumption (FC), fuel consumption regulation is a useful policy instrument to combat climate change. Although the Chinese government set fuel economy standards in 2004, like many countries it does not conduct testing to confirm...
Topics: China, Fuel consumption, Labeling standard, Mobile application, Voluntary data
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Alessandra Cepparulo; Giuseppe Eusepi; Luisa Giuriato
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Climate policy-making and decarbonization require instruments to create and manage economic expectations. There is increasing concern that the existing panoply of domestic (emission trading schemes, regulation, taxes) and external instruments (climate change treaties) be insufficient to anchor expectations to decarbonization and isolate abatement policies from risk to be reneged or insufficiently implemented. The paper argues that constitutional provisions could represent the help policymakers...
Topics: Climate change, Constitution, Decarbonization, Environmental performance, European Union
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Long-term sustainability of soils with a prolonged history of crop production can be better understood by characterizing soil aggregation, particularly the distribution of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) among particulate organic matter (POM) fractions within various soil aggregate-size fractions. The objective of this field study was to evaluate the effects of residue level, residue burning, tillage, and irrigation on macro-aggregate (>250 μm), micro-aggregate (53–250 μm), coarse (>250...
Topics: Alfisols, Conventional-tillage, Long-term management, No-tillage, Particulate organic matter,...
Agricultural liming materials are broadly utilized in the world to ameliorate soil acidity. Crushed limestone (CaCO 3 ) and dolomite (MgCO 3 ·CaCO 3 ) are most common liming materials. The CO 2 emission coefficient was proposed as 0.12 Mg C per Mg for CaCO 3 by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which indicates that 100% of C in CaCO 3 is eventually released to the atmosphere in the form of CO 2 . However, this assumption appears unlikely based on current knowledge of the...
Topics: Maize, Soil respiration
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Guillaume Rohat; Johannes Flacke; Alessandro Dosio; Simona Pedde; Hy Dao; Martin van Maarseveen
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The majority of assessments of future heat-related health risk are based on projections of heat hazards superimposed solely on current socioeconomic conditions, thus neglecting the potential contribution of drivers of heat stress risk other than climate change. Partly to address this drawback, the climate change research community has developed a new scenario framework, made up of distinct sets of climate and socioeconomic scenarios. The few assessments of future heat-related health risk that...
Topics: Climate Change, Europe, Heat stress, Shared Socioeconomic Pathways, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Pablo Rodríguez-Lozano; Robert A. Leidy; Stephanie M. Carlson
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Intermittent streams account for approximately one half of the global river network, and are especially common in arid and semi-arid regions. These systems are inhabited by several fish species that are adapted to their natural flow intermittency. While many fish species rely on permanent pools or perennial reaches to survive during the dry season, our knowledge regarding fish survival strategies in dry reaches is incomplete. Our observations revealed that ammocoetes (i.e. lamprey larvae) of a...
Topics: Climate change, Drought, Hyporheic refuge hypothesis, Lamprey, Refuge, Temporary river
The quantification of changes in long-term trends in grassland net primary productivity (NPP) and its large-scale driving forces are important for understanding terrestrial ecosystem changes in arid and semi-arid regions. Based on the MODIS-NPP dataset, this study investigated patterns in the spatiotemporal variations in NPP and its possible influencing factors in Inner Mongolia during 2000–2014 using the linear trend analysis method, correlation analysis, and an F test. The results show that...
Topics: Climate change, Growing season average land surface temperature, MOD17-A3, Net primary productivity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Verónica López-Delgado; Avto Goguitchaichvili; Carlos Torreblanca; Rubén Cejudo; Peter Jimenez; Juan Morales; Ana María Soler
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An integrated magnetic survey was carried out on key places within the La Quemada archaeological complex, built over a hill on the northern frontier of Classic period Mesoamerica. Samples were collected from the Plaza of Sacrifices and Hall of Columns in an attempt to precisely determine the age intervals corresponding to the decline and abandonment of the site, apparently due to the intentional firing as a closure ritual. Well-defined characteristic remanent magnetizations were retrieved from...
Topics: Absolute chronology, Archaeomagnetic dating, Climate change, Cultural changes, Migrations, Northern...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Songlin Liu; Stacey M. Trevathan-Tackett; Carolyn J. Ewers Lewis; Quinn R. Ollivier; Xiaoping Huang; Peter I. Macreadie
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Seagrass ecosystems have received a great deal of attention recently for their ability to capture and store carbon, thereby helping to mitigate climate change. However, their carbon-sink capacity could be offset somewhat if exported plant material – which accounts for ∼90% of total leaf production – undergoes microbial breakdown and is emitted into the atmosphere as a greenhouse gas. Here we measured emissions (CO 2 and CH 4 ) from the breakdown of exported seagrass plant material,...
Topics: Flux, Moisture, Seagrass wrack, Shoreline management
Desert oases exist around the alluvial fans of inland river basins in arid areas, where the vegetation growth is wholly dependent on groundwater due to scanty rainfall and arid environment. Climate change and water resources exploitation may threaten the groundwater-dependent ecosystems (GDEs) in the arid areas; a case study was proposed to evaluate the vegetative growth state with the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), hydrometeorological data, and the exploitation of water...
Topics: Alluvial fan, Arid area, Climate change, Desert oasis, Desert vegetation, Groundwater-dependent...
With concerns about future catastrophic disasters, elevated CO 2 concentration (eCO 2 ), global warming and vegetation changes have received much attention globally. In recent years, studies have suggested controlling climate change should be based on regional impacts. However, regional quantitative assessments of respective and combination influences of CO 2 , temperature and vegetation variations on water resources remain limited. To address this issue, a comprehensive framework is developed....
Topics: CO 2, Runoff, Vegetation changes, Warming, Water resources
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Since the 1990s, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has used global assessments of vulnerability to inform investment and action against the effects of climate change. Beyond the IPCC, others have undertaken global assessments to understand the vulnerability of coastal areas to climate change. Eight global vulnerability assessments are compared to understand similarities and differences in their results and the metrics used to construct a vulnerability index. Variations in...
Topics: Climate change, Conceptual frameworks, Global assessments, Marine and coastal areas, Prioritizing...
Due to globally uneven distribution of forest resources and timely difference of supply and demand, forest products are difficult to achieve market equilibrium among neighboring countries. The global forest product trade not only alleviates the contradiction of supply and demand, but also ensures the sustainable development of the economic construction for each country. Previous literature analyzed the structure and evolution mechanism of forest product trade from different perspectives, but...
Topics: Climate change, Competitive relationship, Wood forest product trade
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Multi-level governance (MLG) theory has become the main explanation for how climate action is realized in polycentric, multi-sector, multi-actor policy landscapes. In this paper, we examine processes of climate change governance in a given city in China, Rizhao, and evaluate how MLG arrangements operate. We do so by examining primary data collected through in-depth interviews with local stakeholders. Our results show that the focus on multi-level – and in particular transnational –...
Topics: Cities, Climate change, Multi-level governance, Politics
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Ali Ahmadalipour; Hamid Moradkhani; Andrea Castelletti; Nicholas Magliocca
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Drought risk refers to the potential losses from hazard imposed by a drought event, and it is generally characterized as a function of vulnerability, hazard, and exposure. In this study, drought risk is assessed at a national level across Africa, and the impacts of climate change, population growth, and socioeconomic vulnerabilities on drought risk are investigated. A rigorous framework is implemented to quantify drought vulnerability considering various sectors including economy, energy and...
Topics: Africa, Climate change, Drought, Population growth, Risk, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Zhiqiang John Zhai; Jacob Michael Helman
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Climate change is a widely acknowledged major environmental problem whose impacts on building energy use however are not fully understood. Various climate models have been developed and used to project climate changes; however most of existing studies on climate change impacts only use few model outcomes, providing narrow predictions on the influences. This study analyzed a large number (i.e., 56) of models and scenarios. The obtained future climate data showed a wider range of potential...
Topics: Projection, Validation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Transportation systems have become much more vulnerable due to the increased amount of unexpected severe weather events caused by the effects of climate change. One of the direct consequences is that the punctuality of transportation systems is severely affected and the prediction of the on-time performance of scheduled service becomes challenging due to the uncertainty of severe weather's occurrence. The objective of this paper is to investigate two fundamental questions pertaining to the...
Topics: Aviation, High-speed rail, On-time performance, Severe weather event, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Critical thermal limits (CTLs) are established viability thresholds when studying the impact of climate change on natural populations. Novel thermal fertility limits (TFLs) of species have been proposed alongside CTLs, to better assess the sublethal effects of rising temperatures on species persistence. However, sex-specific sensitivity of fertility to temperature also needs consideration.
Incoming and Unsorted Zines
- Sabina Gartler
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Texts and Illustrations
Topics: medicine, reishi, mushroom, eee, joanie, hamburger, portobello, teaspoon, queen, caps
Climate change is considered as a distal determinant of public health which is increasing in importance. India, as an example, has a national action plan for climate change and human health. Sub-national (State) plans for climate change also exist, taking into account the health sector. The State of Bihar was selected for assessment because of its vulnerability (a function of exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity). A vulnerability framework was constructed by discussions with national and...
Topics: Decision tools, Disasters, Vector-borne diseases, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Ecological roles of “rare biosphere” (RB) were rarely discussed in alpine grassland ecosystems. We explored the roles of RB and specific taxa of soil bacteria and fungi in regulating soil nutrients and aboveground biomass of an alpine meadow and alpine steppe under warming and enhanced rainfall scenarios on the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau. In the context of alpine meadow and alpine steppe, the relative abundance of bacterial RB was ∼40% in the bacterial community, and it was
Topics: Alpine grassland, Climate change, Qinghai-Tibetan plateau, Rare biosphere
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Sylvia H. Vetter; Tek B. Sapkota; Jon Hillier; Clare M. Stirling; Jennie I. Macdiarmid; Lukasz Aleksandrowicz; Rosemary Green; Edward J.M. Joy; Alan D. Dangour
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The paper by Vetter et al. (2017) presented greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with the production of major food commodities in India. Emissions of GHGs were calculated using the Cool Farm Tool and were based on farm management data for major crops (including cereals like wheat and rice, pulses, potatoes, fruits and vegetables) and livestock-based products (milk, eggs, chicken and mutton meat). Methods correction We corrected the calculated emissions by fixing errors in the model script...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Arne Poyda; Hans Dieter Wizemann; Volker Wulfmeyer; Joachim Ingwersen; Ravshan Eshonkulov; Petra Högy; Michael S. Demyan; Pascal Kremer; Thilo Streck
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The carbon (C) sequestration potential of croplands has recently become a subject of debate because it may contribute significantly to global climate change mitigation. By contrast, carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions from German croplands have continuously increased over the past decades as a result of soil organic carbon (SOC) losses. Contrasting results, however, have been obtained on the C sink or source function of European croplands based on long-term experiments and rather recent eddy...
Topics: Carbon removal, Crop rotation, Eddy covariance, Soil organic carbon
On May 2016 an extreme large wildfire affected Fort McMurray of Canada, leading to the largest wildfire evacuation and the costliest natural disaster in Canadian history. This wildfire was caused by extremely warm and dry weather conditions in spring. Here we investigate thermodynamic and dynamic (atmospheric circulation) conditions, and teleconnections conducive to extreme wildfire climate of western Canada since 1871. Results show that the extreme wildfire was very likely an outcome of...
Topics: Dynamic changes, Extreme fire, Thermodynamic changes, Western Canada
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Alejandra Sarmiento-Soler; Philippe Vaast; Munir P. Hoffmann; Reimund P. Rötter; Laurence Jassogne; Piet J.A. van Asten; Sophie Graefe
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Coffee cultivation is a major source of income in East Africa. Increasing temperatures and water scarcity related to climate change are becoming major challenges for coffee production. Therefore, there is an urgent need for sound scientific understanding of the functioning of current coffee cultivation systems and the potential of agroforestry as an adaptation strategy to climate change. In a smallholder coffee farm on Mt Elgon, Uganda, we assessed the effect of three coffee cultivation systems...
Topics: Agroforestry, Climate change, Coffea arabica, Musa sp., Sap flux, Transpiration
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Jan Wild; Martin Kopecký; Martin Macek; Martin Šanda; Jakub Jankovec; Tomáš Haase
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Climate measurements are needed at a scale at which organisms live and die. Currently available climate sensors, however, are not well suited for long-term field measurements at such a scale. We have therefore developed a new temperature and moisture logger, the Temperature-Moisture-Sensor (TMS), which we designed for a wide range of ecological applications. The device mimics a small herbaceous plant. Its belowground part houses a patented, proprietary soil moisture sensor working on the...
Topics: Microclimate, Sensor, Soil moisture, Temperature, Time-domain transmission, Topoclimate
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Adrià Barbeta; J. Julio Camarero; Gabriel Sangüesa-Barreda; Lena Muffler; Josep Peñuelas
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The performance and persistence of rear-edge tree populations are relevant issues for conserving biodiversity because these stands harbor high intraspecific biodiversity and play a key role during periods of climate change. The occurrence of these populations is associated with the influence of heterogeneous topography, creating suitable refugia with regionally rare environmental conditions. Climate is changing at a global-scale, but little is known about the long-term impact on local climatic...
Topics: Ecotone, Fagus sylvatica, Fog, Mediterranean, Quercus ilex, Tree-ring width
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Challenges for achieving food security with an increasing world population are stimulating many stakeholders to consider the impact of climate change on global-regional crop production. One major concern is how the covariations of climate warming and extremes (e.g., ENSO) affect agricultural systems and production. Here, a dual-cropping system in the Huaihe Plain was used as a testbed to address this issue. We found that climate warming during 1982–2013 ha s produced remarkable influences on...
Topics: Climate warming, Crop production, Dual-cropping system, ENSO, Huaihe Plain, Phenology,...
Extreme precipitation events are predicted to increase in intensity and duration, with uncertain implications for terrestrial carbon (C) cycling. However, knowledge on the responses of soil CO 2 efflux to precipitation pulses in different seasons remains limited. Here we assessed the impacts of episodic precipitation pulses on soil respiration (SR) and its components [heterotrophic respiration (HR) and autotrophic respiration (AR)] under mild drought in different seasons in a temperate oak...
Topics: Birch effect, Carbon cycling, Drought intensity, Heterotrophic respiration, Rainfall event, Soil...
Climate change and recurring mid-season dry spells have resulted in perennial droughts and poor yields in most smallholder farming areas located in marginal arid to semi-arid lands (ASAL) of Zimbabwe where they are dependent on rainwater for agricultural crop production. One approach that can be used to adapt to changing climatic pattern is in-field water harvesting. This study evaluated the soil profile water content and maize yields of 3 infield water harvesting technologies namely...
Topics: Droughts, Dry land cropping, Margional lands, Water conservation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Karl S. Zimmerer; Stef de Haan; Gisella S. Cruz-Garcia; Andrew D. Jones; Hilary Creed-Kanashiro; Milka Tello; Miluska Carrasco; Krysty Meza; Franklin Plasencia Amaya; Ramzi Tubbeh; Yolanda Jiménez Olivencia
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Multiple knowledge systems are crucial to understand human-environment interactions of the biodiversity of agriculture and food systems (agrobiodiversity). This article synthesizes these knowledge systems to formulate the novel Agrobiodiversity Knowledge Framework comprised of four themes: (1) ecology and evolution; (2) governance; (3) food, nutrition, and health; and (4) global environmental and socioeconomic changes. Resulting characterization of these knowledge themes, joined with...
Topics: Agrobiodiversity Knowledge Framework, Anthropocene, Biodiversity, Food systems, Global change,...
Urban decision-makers in South Africa face growing challenges related to rapidly expanding populations and a changing climate. To help target limited resources, municipalities have begun to conduct climate change vulnerability assessments. Many of these assessments take a holistic approach that combines both physical hazard exposure and the underlying socio-economic conditions that predispose populations to harm (i.e., social vulnerability). Given the increasing use of socio-economic conditions...
Topics: Mapping, Social vulnerability, South Africa, Urban municipalities
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Xiaoyu Liu; Zhiyuan Duan; Yuli Shan; Haiyan Duan; Shuo Wang; Junnian Song; Xian'en Wang
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Cities are a major source of energy use and greenhouse gases emissions, as well as being at the core of climate change mitigation. With the Revitalizing Old Industrial Base of Northeast China strategy, Northeast China has been a typical developing region with rapid industrialization and urbanization accompanied by substantial energy consumption and carbon emissions. Therefore, northeastern Chinese cities should play an important role in regional low-carbon developments. This study presents...
Topics: Carbon emissions, Emission intensity, Low-carbon developments, Northeastern Chinese cities, Per...
Performance-based environmental regulation has gained popularity as a policy tool to prevent climate change. California implements a Low Carbon Fuel Standard regulation to reduce the average carbon intensity of fuels by 10 percent, without specifying technologies to achieve the target. A carbon trading market is established to facilitate fuel producers making revenue by producing low carbon second-generation renewable fuels. There is a knowledge gap in understanding interactions between...
Topics: Biofuel policy, Carbon credit trading, Market competition, Mathematical programming with...
This paper uses a multiple discrete–continuous extreme value (MDCEV) model with perfect and imperfect substitutes to study residential energy demand. A non-linear utility function is employed within a Kuhn-Tucker multiple-discrete economic model of consumer demand, estimated on Italian expenditure data. The simulation algorithm measures demand elasticity with respect to price variations and the marginal effects of other covariates. Results show that household energy demand (space and water...
Topics: Expenditure data, GEV models, Multiple Discrete-Continuous Model, Residential energy demand
Walmart Inc., the U.S. and world's largest grocery retailer, owns a perishables, grocery, and general merchandise distribution center network, which stores and distributes refrigerated and non-refrigerated food. Finding cost-effective strategies to implement solar and wind-powered electricity in their distribution centers was the central objective of this research. The study analyzed the tradeoffs and effects on costs and climate change impact related to the increase of renewable energy use in...
Topics: Food distribution center, Life cycle assessment, Non-refrigerated warehouse, Refrigerated...
Recent production of the marine crop Undaria pinnatifida has become unstable due to rising temperatures caused by global climate change. The cultivar HGU-1 was bred in a previous study to achieve early cultivation. A new cultivar, NW-1, was bred for improved yield and stress tolerance. This was achieved by crossbreeding using male and female gametophytes, each isolated from a single zoospore. To evaluate whether the cultivar NW-1 is superior to the previous cultivar HGU-1, we compared their...
Topics: Cross-breeding, Cultivar, High-temperature tolerance, Undaria pinnatifida
Thermodynamic properties of pyridine (Chemical Abstracts registry number 110-86-1) are reviewed, and detailed comparisons between literature values and new recommended values of this research are provided. Properties reviewed are condensed and gas-phase molar heat capacities, the molar enthalpy of combustion, vapor pressures, densities, critical properties, virial coefficients, molar enthalpies of vaporization, and molar thermodynamic properties derived from assigned vibrational spectra. In a...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Weifeng Gao; Yunlong Yao; Hong Liang; Liquan Song; Houcai Sheng; Tijiu Cai; Dawen Gao
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Permafrost ecosystems play an important role in global climate change, and climate warming would result in permafrost thawing and changing microbial mediated N cycles. Emissions of nitrous oxide (N 2 O) are an important component of N budgets in high-latitude permafrost ecosystems, especially in the context of global climate change. However, few studies have investigated the emissions of N 2 O from a swamp forest in a permafrost ecosystem. In this paper, we investigated the N 2 O emissions...
Topics: Daxing'an mountains, Environmental factors, N 2 O emission, Nitrate nitrogen, Permafrost, Swamp...
Previous studies of glaciochemical records retrieved from the southern and northern sectors of the Tibetan Plateau (TP) have revealed that there are diverse patterns of climate change within this region. However, uncertainty remains regarding changes in the atmospheric environment over the central TP where the Indian monsoonal circulation and westerly winds meet. This study presents a glaciochemical record of the past 112 years from the upper part of the ice core drilled into the Qiangtang...
Topics: Central Tibetan Plateau, Climate change, Glaciochemical records, Qiangtang ice core
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Yijing Wang; Liutao Chen; Zhiying Song; Zeqing Huang; Erjia Ge; Lijie Lin; Ming Luo
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While the changes in air temperature under climate change and urbanization have been extensively examined in the literature, little is known about how human-perceived temperatures change. This study investigates the long-term changes in human-perceived temperatures (e.g., summer heat stress and winter wind chill conditions) over South China and quantifies the possible effects of urbanization. Daily observations at 86 stations during the period of 1961–2014 are collected and analyzed. Analysis...
Topics: Climate change, Heat stress, Human-perceived temperature, Long-term trend, Urbanization effect,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Huiying Luo; Marina Astitha; Christian Hogrefe; Rohit Mathur; S. Trivikrama Rao
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Regional-scale air quality models and observations at routine air quality monitoring sites are used to determine attainment/non-attainment of the ozone air quality standard in the United States. In current regulatory applications, a regional-scale air quality model is applied for a base year and a future year with reduced emissions using the same meteorological conditions as those in the base year. Because of the stochastic nature of the atmosphere, the same meteorological conditions would not...
Topics: Air quality models, Attainment demonstration, Emission control strategies, Ozone, Probability of...