Skip to main content
SHOW DETAILS
eye
Title
Date Archived
Creator
Due to few comparative studies, explanations for differences in adaptation mainstreaming between sectors remain widely unclear. The article analyzes how adaptation mainstreaming was approached during the development of the Swiss National Adaptation Strategy and to what extent adaptation objectives were mainstreamed into sectoral policies. The analysis reveals that in Switzerland, adaptation objectives are integrated more substantially into sectoral policies when they overlap with primary...
Topics: Adaptation mainstreaming, Climate change adaptation, National adaptation strategies, Policy...
UFO Newsletters from the Archives For the Unexplained
texts

eye 50

favorite 1

comment 0

UFO Potpourri No 419
Topics: ufo, massie, sightings, mysterious, sighting, encounter, era, feet, lights, color, ufo sighting
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anoma Ariyawardana; Lilly Lim-Camacho; Steven Crimp; Michael Wellington; Simon Somogyi
texts

eye 41

favorite 0

comment 0

The viability of climate adaptation strategies adopted by agrifood companies rely heavily on how well consumers understand, accept and/or select commodities and their willingness to bare some of the cost of adaptation. To understand this issue in more detail, a survey was undertaken of 1532 Australian consumers to investigate how they respond to adaptation strategies in terms of acceptance and willingness to pay. The survey results contained in this paper focus on three product categories –...
Topics: Agrifood, Australia, Climate Change, Incremental Adaptation, Transformational Adaptation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Filomena Pietrapertosa; Valeriy Khokhlov; Monica Salvia; Carmelina Cosmi
texts

eye 42

favorite 0

comment 0

Building a climate-ready adaptation society is an urgent question that cannot be postponed. Along the path towards an increase in climate resilience, a stimulating role is played by EU projects as well as by international climate networks such as the Covenant of Mayors Initiative on Climate Change Adaptation (Mayors Adapt), launched in 2014, and the new Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy which “pledge to reduce CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and to adopt an integrated approach...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, National adaptation action plan, National adaptation strategy, South...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 92

favorite 1

comment 0

Developed countries provide increasing amounts of aid to assist developing countries adapt to the impacts of climate change. How do they distribute this aid? While donors agreed to prioritise “particularly vulnerable” countries, we know from the general aid allocation literature that donors (also) use aid as a foreign policy tool to promote their own economic and political goals. In this paper, we analyse data on bilateral adaptation aid from 2010 through 2015 to assess to what extent...
Topics: Adaptation aid, Aid allocation, Climate change adaptation, Climate finance
Empirical findings on actors' roles and responsibilities in the climate change adaptation process are rare even though cooperation between private and public actors is perceived important to foster adaptation in agriculture. We therefore developed the framework SAER (Stimuli-Actions-Effects-Responses) to investigate perceived relationships between private and public climate change adaptation in agriculture at regional scale. In particular, we explore agricultural experts' perceptions on (i)...
Topics: Public adaptation, Qualitative analysis
UFO Magazine News Bulletin issue 19
Topics: ufo, reported, nicap, object, hovered, sighting, enhancement, appeared, samisdat, easley, police...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by David Castells-Quintana; Maria del Pilar Lopez-Uribe; Thomas K.J. McDermott
texts

eye 62

favorite 1

comment 0

This paper looks at adaptation to climate change from the point of view of (poor) households. Since the development literature has firmly established the role of weather risk as a source of income volatility for the poor, and climate change is expected to increase this risk, we review the range of risk-coping mechanisms available to poorer households, with a focus on possible barriers to adaptation. We ask both how government interventions affect the set of options available for adaptation and...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Sustainable development
Changes in both temperature and precipitation will affect snowmelt time at high elevation, thereby influencing plant reproduction and growth. Species can respond to changed climate with phenotypic plasticity or genetic adaptation, and these responses might vary at different levels of advanced and delayed snowmelt time. Here we mimicked future climate change projections for western Norway by transplanting individuals of Ranunculus acris towards warmer, wetter and warmer & wetter climates....
Topics: Local adaptation, Space-for-time
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mabon Leslie; Song Tung Nguyen; Hong Ngoc Le; Thi Kim Dung Nguyen; Thi Tram Pham; Thi Thanh Nga Cao; Thu Quynh Le; Thanh Trung Dang; Thi Huyen Thu Nguyen; Thi Bich Nguyet Nguyen; Thi Tuyet Tran; Thi Cam Tu Bui; Ngoc Anh Tran; Mueller Hirth Natascha; Yuill Chris
texts

eye 47

favorite 0

comment 0

This paper elaborates the importance of considering social and cultural factors within management responses to environmental change in coastal areas. The case study taken is Xuan Thuy National Park in Nam Dinh Province, Vietnam. This is a marginalised coastal area where rising sea levels, increasing storm surges and saltwater intrusion place pressure on coastal ecosystems, yet where communities continue to rely on these same ecosystems for agriculture- and aquaculture-related livelihoods. We...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Ecosystem-based adaptation, Vulnerability assessment, Wellbeing, Xuan...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Nazan Koluman Darcan; Nissim Silanikove
texts

eye 75

favorite 0

comment 0

The economic importance of goat production has been increased during the last decades all over the world, predominantly in countries that are routinely exposed to harsh environment. Goats have numerous advantages that enable them to maintain their production under extreme climate conditions. Principally, goats have higher capacity than other farm raised ruminants to effectively convert some feed sources into milk and meat. In addition, goats emit less methane than other domestic ruminants....
Topics: Adaptation, Advantages, Climate change, Goat
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Bente J. Graae; Vigdis Vandvik; Kari Klanderud; W. Scott Armbruster; Wolf L. Eiserhardt; Kristoffer Hylander; Johan Ehrlén; James D.M. Speed; Kari Anne Bråthen; Ann Milbau; Øystein H. Opedal; Inger G. Alsos; Rasmus Ejrnæs; Hans Henrik Bruun; H. John B. Birks
texts

eye 60

favorite 0

comment 0

In the face of climate change, populations have two survival options − they can remain in situ and tolerate the new climatic conditions (“stay”), or they can move to track their climatic niches (“go”). For sessile and small-stature organisms like alpine plants, staying requires broad climatic tolerances, realized niche shifts due to changing biotic interactions, acclimation through plasticity, or rapid genetic adaptation. Going, in contrast, requires good dispersal and colonization...
Topics: Adaptation, Dispersal, Microclimate, Niche, Refugia, Resilience
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Walter Leal Filho; Miriam Murambadoro; Julia Mambo; Habitamu Taddese; Gustavo J. Nagy; Hubert Fudjumdjum; Paschal Mugabe
texts

eye 74

favorite 0

comment 0

Africa is one of the most vulnerable regions in respect of climate change. As the African continent struggles to adapt to climate change, a variety of measures are being pursued to alleviate the resultant pressures on people, properties and their livelihoods in several African cities. Collectively, they show that climate change adaptation in Africa is not as hopeless as widely claimed, and that there are some promising prospects. The literature shows a deficiency on studies which examine the...
Topics: Adaptation, Africa, Cities, Climate-change, Policies
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. G. Koutroulis; L. V. Papadimitriou; M. G. Grillakis; I. K. Tsanis; K. Wyser; R. A. Betts
texts

eye 53

favorite 0

comment 0

As freshwater availability is crucial for securing a sustainable, lower‑carbon future, there is a critical connection between water management and climate policies. Under a rapidly changing climate, it is more important than ever to estimate the degree of future water security. This is a challenging task as it depends on many different variables: the degree of warming and its consequent effects on hydrological resources, the water demand by different sectors, and the possible ameliorations or...
Topics: Adaptation, Droughts, Europe, Vulnerability, Water availability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alexandre K. Magnan; Virginie K.E. Duvat
texts

eye 77

favorite 0

comment 0

The study of recent past trajectories of vulnerability to climate-related hazards allows for highlighting the prevailing environmental and anthropogenic drivers that operated over the last fifty to sixty years and given latency phenomena in social systems, therefore have the potential to continue driving a system's vulnerability in the coming decades. Stop or even reverse these trends represents as much unavoidable solutions for enhancing concrete long-term adaptation to climate change,...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Small islands, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anamika Dey; Gurdeep Singh; Anil K. Gupta
texts

eye 165

favorite 0

comment 0

Women, especially in the marginalized communities of the high-risk regions prone to flood and drought are considered most vulnerable to climate change risks. They play a very important role in household nutrition management and resource management in terms of labor, off-farm products, and small savings. In the absence of help from formal and informal R and D and technology institutions, their knowledge and resources’ exchange system has to be very robust to cope with the seasonal shortages...
Topics: India, climate adaptation, food availability, gender
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 56

favorite 1

comment 0

Climate change impacts are a key challenge for sustainable urban development. To address this challenge, ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA), i.e., the use of ecosystem services and biodiversity to help people adapt to climate change, is increasingly being considered as an alternative or complement to traditional, engineering-based approaches (increasingly also known as nature-based solutions). However, little research on ecosystem-based adaptation has been carried out in urban areas, and...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Ecosystem services, Ecosystem-based adaptation, Green infrastructure,...
The UFO Enigma 2000 02 Volume 20 no 6
Topics: ufo, object, sightings, enigma, sighting, lockheed, feb, illinois, nids, louis, ufo enigma, ufo...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Joshua Busby; Todd G. Smith; Nisha Krishnan; Charles Wight; Santiago Vallejo-Gutierrez
texts

eye 82

favorite 0

comment 0

Asian countries have among the highest numbers of people exposed to the impacts of climate-related hazards and, thus, at greatest risk of mass death. Floods, droughts, and storms have always tested civilian governments and international humanitarian aid agencies. However, climate change threatens to make the problem worse by increasing the intensity and possibly the frequency of climate-related hazards. Humanitarian emergencies potentially upend and reverse progress on development priorities,...
Topics: Adaptation, Asia, Climate change, Vulnerability
Climate risk assessments provide the basis for identifying those areas and people that have been, or potentially will be, most affected by the adverse impacts of climate change. They allow hot-spots to be identified, and serve as input for the prioritization and design of adaptation actions. Over recent years, at the level of international climate science and policy, there has been a shift in the conceptualization of vulnerability toward emergence of ‘climate risk’ as a central concept....
Topics: Climate adaptation, Flood, Hazard, Himalaya, Risk
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Carina J. Gronlund; Kyle P. Sullivan; Yonathan Kefelegn; Lorraine Cameron; Marie S. O'Neill
texts

eye 39

favorite 0

comment 0

Cold and hot weather are associated with mortality and morbidity. Although the burden of temperature-associated mortality may shift towards high temperatures in the future, cold temperatures may represent a greater current-day problem in temperate cities. Hot and cold temperature vulnerabilities may coincide across several personal and neighborhood characteristics, suggesting opportunities for increasing present and future resilience to extreme temperatures. We present a narrative literature...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Housing, Neighborhoods, Weather
Government seeks to manage public protected areas, such as national parks, to conserve high-quality wildlife habitats and provide essential ecosystems services at risk of permanent damage or extinction from climate change. The complexity of the organizational structure required to deliver this breadth of functions, coupled to uncertainty surrounding the onset and severity of climate impacts at local scale, impedes planning for climate change. This paper describes the development of an...
Topics: "Adaptation, risk management, planning, Climate change
The ambitious goals to limit global warming can only be reached with a broad acceptance and participation of the general public. This paper relies on surveys among citizens in China, Germany and the U.S. and investigates the determinants of the acceptance of national and international adaptation and mitigation efforts. The empirical findings indicate that specific beliefs and environmental awareness are important drivers in all three countries, while political attitudes and socio-economic...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Mitigation, Policy preferences
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 57

favorite 0

comment 0

In many temperate parts of the world, supplemental irrigation is crucial to assure both crop yield and quality. Climate change could increase the risks of irrigation being restricted by increasing crop water requirements and/or decreasing water availability. In England, water abstraction for irrigation is limited by maximum annual volumetric limits, as specified in the abstraction licences, and surface water abstraction restrictions imposed by the regulator during drought. This paper assesses...
Topics: Adaptation, Drought, England, Irrigated agriculture, Resilience, Risk
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tafadzwanashe Mabhaudhi; Tendai Polite Chibarabada; Vimbayi Grace Petrova Chimonyo; Albert Thembinkosi Modi
texts

eye 53

favorite 0

comment 0

Climate change projections for southern Africa indicate low and erratic rainfall as well as increasing frequency and intensity of rainfall extremes such as drought. The 2015/16 drought devastated large parts of southern Africa and highlighted the need for drought tolerant crops. Bambara groundnut is an African indigenous crop, commonly cultivated in southern Africa, with a higher potential for drought tolerance compared to other staple legumes. AquaCrop model was used to evaluate the impacts of...
Topics: Adaptation, AquaCrop, Resilience, Water productivity, Water use
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Natalie Suckall; Emma L. Tompkins; Andrew Allan; Robert J. Nicholls; Abiy S. Kebede; Attila N. Lázár; Craig Hutton; Katharine Vincent; Alex Chapman; Rezaur Rahman; Tuhin Ghosh; Adelina Mensah
texts

eye 40

favorite 0

comment 0

Deltas are precarious environments experiencing significant biophysical, and socio-economic changes with the ebb and flow of seasons (including with floods and drought), with infrastructural developments (such as dikes and polders), with the movement of people, and as a result of climate and environmental variability and change. Decisions are being taken about the future of deltas and about the provision of adaptation investment to enable people and the environment to respond to the changing...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Deltas, Framework, Policy, Transformation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 59

favorite 0

comment 0

The environmental and economic sustainability of future cropping systems depends on adaptation to climate change. Adaptation studies commonly rely on agricultural systems models to integrate multiple components of production systems such as crops, weather, soil and farmers' management decisions. Previous adaptation studies have mostly focused on isolated monocultures. However, in many agricultural regions worldwide, multi-crop rotations better represent local production systems. It is unclear...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Crop rotations, Modelling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yoro Sidibé; Sébastien Foudi; Unai Pascual; Mette Termansen
texts

eye 46

favorite 0

comment 0

Increased drought frequency in many parts of the world, especially in the global South, is expected due to accelerating climate change. We present a bioeconomic model that unpacks the role of soil biodiversity as contributing to both increasing and stabilizing agricultural productivity in low-input rainfed farming systems. The natural insurance value of soil biodiversity mostly depends on farmers' risk preferences as well as on the frequency of drought events to be insured against. We show that...
Topics: Adaptation, Bioeconomic Modelling, Climate Change, Ecosystem Services
Community based adaptation (CBA) to climate change is gaining wider popularity in developing countries, and yet little is known about its effectiveness in reducing the vulnerability of marginalized groups. Integrating the concept of adaptive capacity within an environmental entitlement framework, this study explores whether and how community institutions can enhance the adaptive capacity of socially marginalized groups. Using the case study of a community forestry user group (CFUG) in the...
Topics: Community based adaptation, Institutions, Marginalized groups, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 54

favorite 0

comment 0

Since the conclusion of the 2014 Climate Summit in New York and the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) in Paris, China has been actively advancing its national policies on climate change mitigation and adaptation since more unpredictable extreme weather events are expected, which may incur a heavy cost in terms of economics and public health. Since China is still in the process of urbanisation, the greatest challenge it faces is finding a balance between economic growth and keeping carbon...
Topics: China's adaptation straggles, Climate change, Urban climate
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by David Nogués-Bravo; Francisco Rodríguez-Sánchez; Luisa Orsini; Erik de Boer; Roland Jansson; Helene Morlon; Damien A. Fordham; Stephen T. Jackson
texts

eye 64

favorite 0

comment 0

How individual species and entire ecosystems will respond to future climate change are among the most pressing questions facing ecologists. Past biodiversity dynamics recorded in the paleoecological archives show a broad array of responses, yet significant knowledge gaps remain. In particular, the relative roles of evolutionary adaptation, phenotypic plasticity, and dispersal in promoting survival during times of climate change have yet to be clarified. Investigating the paleo-archives offers...
Topics: adaptation, dispersal, experiments, extinction, forecast, models, paleoecology
Owing to increasing concern of global climate-change, temperature rise is of great interest which can be primarily evaluated from the seasonal variations in some organisms. Aquatic environment can be extremely stressful to its inhabitants because most of them are poikilothermous. In the present study, attempt was made to evaluate the biological effects of oxidative-stress and adaptive/antioxidant capacities during temperature variations (36–40 °C for 24hrs to 72hrs) in Bellamya bengalensis...
Topics: Adaptation, Biomonitoring, Environmental perturbations, HSP, Oxidative Stress
Narrowing the gap between research, policy making and implementing adaptation remains a challenge in many parts of the world where climate change is likely to severely impact water security. This research aims to narrow this gap by matching the adaptation strategies being framed by policy makers to that of the perspectives of development agencies, researchers and farmers in the Himalayan state of Sikkim in India. Our case study examined the perspectives of various stakeholders for climate...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Spring-water, Stakeholders, Water
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xiaobo Qin; Hong Wang; Yong He; Yu'e Li; Zhiguo Li; Yunfan Wan; Budong Qian; Brian McConkey; Ron DePauw; Reynald Lemke; William J. Parton
texts

eye 51

favorite 0

comment 0

In order to identify strategies to support global food security while protecting the environment under future climate in northern high latitude environments such as the Canadian Prairies, the DAYCENT model was calibrated, validated, and subsequently used to project effects of climate change (increased carbon dioxide concentration, precipitation, and temperature), nitrogen (N) application rate, and yield potential (radiation use efficiency of biomass, RUE B ) of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum...
Topics: Adaptation strategies, Climate change, DAYCENT, Spring wheat
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 52

favorite 0

comment 0

While considerable advances have been made in mainstreaming climate adaptation into sectoral policies in most regions across Africa, little is known about Central Africa (CA) even though the sub-region has enormous potentials to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions through the Congo basin forest. This paper presents an in-depth analysis of the progress made in mainstreaming climate adaptation into sectoral policies in CA based on insights from Cameroun. To achieve this, 30 strategic policy...
Topics: Climate change, Mainstreaming climate adaptation, Sectoral policy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chao Su; Shuai Song; Yonglong Lu; Shijie Liu; John P. Giesy; Deliang Chen; Alan Jenkins; Andrew J. Sweetman; Baninla Yvette
texts

eye 37

favorite 0

comment 0

Climate change and emissions rates of contaminants are expected to affect distribution and fate of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in the environment, however, studies on these combined factors are rare. In this study, Perfluorooctane Sulfonate (PFOS) is used as an example to assess how those two factors synthetically affect fate and disposition of POPs in the Bohai Rim of China by using the Berkeley-Trent-Urban-Rural (BETR-Urban-Rural) model. We set up three climate change scenarios and...
Topics: Adaptation, Management, Multimedia model, Regional scale, Urbanization
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 57

favorite 0

comment 0

The concept of adaptation constraints has become well known in the climate change literature. It describes impediments to the process of adaptation that could in principle be overcome but often are not. Many adaptation constraints have been identified and described in the literature across a wide range of contexts, and the importance of their influence on climate change adaptation is clear. However most studies have focussed on describing constraints rather than exploring their origins,...
Topics: Adaptation deficit, Adaptive capacity, Climate change
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Marco Buso; Anne Stenger
texts

eye 54

favorite 0

comment 0

The negative impacts of climate change on the environment and economic activities are increasingly obvious and relevant. Private response to this threat often proves to be inadequate. For example, empirical evidence reveals a sub-optimal investment by firms in energy efficiency projects capable of reducing energy costs and CO2 emissions, as well as adaptation projects able to reduce the vulnerability of the ecosystem. On the other hand, past public programs that provided financial subsidies to...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Public-private partnership
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alistair McVittie; Lorna Cole; Anita Wreford; Alessandra Sgobbi; Beatriz Yordi
texts

eye 63

favorite 1

comment 0

Disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation are connected through a common goal: reducing the impacts of extreme events and increasing resilience to disasters, particularly among vulnerable populations. By coordinating adaptation and disaster risk management policies, multiple benefits can be achieved. Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) offers a cost-effective adaptation and DRR at different scales and under multiple scenarios. EbA uses natural or managed ecosystem processes to...
Topics: Climate adaptation, Disaster risk management, Ecosystem-based approaches
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Imam Buchori; Angrenggani Pramitasari; Agung Sugiri; Maryono Maryono; Yudi Basuki; Anang Wahyu Sejati
texts

eye 60

favorite 0

comment 0

As a global issue, climate change has been significantly influencing coastal areas and causing changes in marine and terrestrial environments. The increase in sea-level rise (SLR), for example, has worsened the quality of life of coastal communities, and this risk increases especially in coastal cities of the developing world. This paper aims to comprehend the variety of self-mitigations and the patterns of local migrations of communities in the northern part of Semarang City, Indonesia. The...
Topics: Community adaptation, Flooding, GIS, Inundation, Migration, Mitigation, Rob
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Amit Kumar Srivastava; Cho Miltin Mboh; Gang Zhao; Thomas Gaiser; Frank Ewert
texts

eye 55

favorite 0

comment 0

Climate change is unequivocal and these changes have increased over the past few years. The recent vulnerability and prospect of climate variability and change impact, thus, warrants measures now to reduce the adverse impacts. This study presents an estimate of the effects of climate variables on potential maize productivity and an assessment of the most limiting climatic drivers in the future climate scenarios for maize production in central Ghana, constituting major maize production areas....
Topics: Autonomous adaptation, Climate change, Maize, Sub-Saharan Africa
Human health faces unprecedented challenges caused by climate change. Thus, studies of the effect of temperature change on total mortality have been conducted in numerous countries. However, few of those studies focused on temperature-related mortality due to cardiovascular disease (CVD) or considered future population changes and adaptation to climate change. We present herein a projection of temperature-related mortality due to CVD under different climate change, population, and adaptation...
Topics: Adaptation, Cardiovascular disease, Climate change, Projection, Socioeconomic pathways
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alysson Mondoro; Dan M. Frangopol; Liang Liu
texts

eye 51

favorite 0

comment 0

In order to adapt civil infrastructure to changing climate conditions, quantifiable and deep uncertainties must be integrated into the decision-making process. The quantifiable uncertainties, i.e. variability for which a likelihood can be defined, are typically integrated into the management process by considering the reliability or risk level of a structure. The deep uncertainties, i.e. the variability for which a likelihood cannot be defined, are beginning to be integrated in the decision...
Topics: Adaptation, Bridge management, Climate change, Flexibility, Robust optimization
Climate change, resulting in increased temperatures, has the potential to alter the species composition of urban tree populations. We examined the likely changes in composition of common street tree species in California (USA), using a space-for-time substitution approach which paired each of the 16 cities covering the climatic range of the state (“representative city”) with a “warm city” counterpart, where the climate of today approximates the climate of the representative city in...
Topics: Adaptation, Global warming, Resilience, Tree palette, Urban forest
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Uttam Khanal; Clevo Wilson; Viet Ngu Hoang; Boon Lee
texts

eye 54

favorite 0

comment 0

This paper explores the factors that influence farmers' decision-making in adopting climate change adaptation strategies and how these adaptations impact on farm yields. We employ a simultaneous equations model to investigate the differential effects of adaptation on adapters and non-adapters. An endogenous switching mechanism is employed to account for selectivity bias. Based on a survey of 422 rice farmers in Nepal, our results show that farmers' education, access to credit and extension...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Endogenous switching, Nepal, Rice
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Natascha Klocker; Lesley Head; Olivia Dun; Tess Spaven
texts

eye 82

favorite 0

comment 0

Climate change poses serious challenges for agriculture and adaptation to its impacts is widely understood to be necessary – now and into the future. This paper focuses on Australia's horticulturally productive and culturally diverse Sunraysia region. Due to the high seasonal labour demands of horticulture, this region has a large population of temporary and permanent migrants. Many were farmers in their countries of origin. We bring together literature on climate change adaptation in...
Topics: Adaptation, Agriculture, Climate change, Ethnic diversity, Experimentation, Migration
Coral reef ecosystems and the people who depend on them are increasingly exposed to the adverse effects of global environmental change (GEC), including increases in sea-surface temperature and ocean acidification. Managers and decision-makers need a better understanding of the options available for action in the face of these changes. We refine a typology of actions developed by Gattuso et al. (2015) that could serve in prioritizing strategies to deal with the impacts of GEC on reefs and...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Coral reefs, Management, Ocean acidification
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Andrea M. Feldpausch-Parker; Tarla Rai Peterson; Jennie C. Stephens; Elizabeth J. Wilson
texts

eye 71

favorite 0

comment 0

Superstorm Sandy hit the northeastern United States in October 2012, knocking out power to 10 million people and highlighting energy and critical infrastructure system vulnerabilities in the face of a changing climate. The increased frequency and intensity of such disruptive events is shifting priorities in electricity system planning around the world, including how multiple stakeholders consider linkages between climate vulnerability and energy. This research links smart grid development with...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate vulnerabilities, Hurricanes, Mitigation, Smart grid, Superstorm
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Thanh Son Dao; Thi My Chi Vo; Claudia Wiegand; Ba Trung Bui; Khuong V. Dinh
texts

eye 66

favorite 0

comment 0

Climate change and human activities induce an increased frequency and intensity of cyanobacterial blooms which could release toxins to aquatic ecosystems. Zooplankton communities belong to the first affected organisms, but in tropical freshwater ecosystems, this issue has yet been poorly investigated. We tested two questions (i) if the tropical Daphnia lumholtzi is capable to develop tolerance to an ecologically relevant concentration of purified microcystin-LR and microcystins from...
Topics: Adaptation, Life history traits, Microcystins, Tolerance, Zooplankton
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Patrick A. Ray; Luis E. García; Diego J. Rodriguez; Casey M. Brown
texts

eye 35

favorite 0

comment 0

Investors, developers, policy makers and engineers are rightly concerned about the potential effects of climate change on the future performance of hydropower investments. Hydroelectricity offers potentially low greenhouse-gas emission, renewable energy and reliable energy storage. However, hydroelectricity developments are large, complicated projects and possibly critically vulnerable to changes in climate and other assumptions related to future uncertainties. This paper presents a general...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Himalayas, Hydropower, Nepal, Resilience, Water resources
Approaches to resilience to climate change can be socially exclusionary if they do not acknowledge diverse experiences of risks or socio-economic barriers to resilience. This paper contributes to analyses of resilience by studying how theories of change (ToC) processes used by development organizations might lead to social exclusions, and seeking ways to make these more inclusive. Adopting insights from participatory monitoring and evaluation, the paper first presents fieldwork from four...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Livelihoods, Myanmar, Resilience, Theories of change
Potato (Solanum tuberosum L) yield per unit area in Hokkaido, Japan used to be the highest in the world; however, it has levelled off recently. The objectives of this study were to determine how recent climate variations drive potato yields and to understand the causes for this tendency of yield to level off. We used the 1-km mesh resolution for meteorological data; aggregation was performed for each municipality based on annual potato cultivation area; yield data were obtained from crop...
Topics: Adaptation strategy, Climatic driver, Cultivar, Pacific oscillation, Planting, Potato
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Minghua Wang; Chang Bum Jeong; Young Hwan Lee; Jae Seong Lee
texts

eye 57

favorite 0

comment 0

Ocean acidification (OA) leads to significant changes in seawater carbon chemistry, broadly affects marine organisms, and considered as a global threat to the fitness of marine ecosystems. Due to the crucial role of copepods in marine food webs of transferring energy from primary producers to higher trophic levels, numerous studies have been conducted to examine the impacts of OA on biological traits of copepods such as growth and reproduction. Under OA stress, the copepods demonstrated...
Topics: Acclimatization/adaptation, Copepods, Long-term effects, Ocean acidification, Response
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 44

favorite 0

comment 0

Sea level rise threatens coastal communities around the world. Proactive investments in adaptive flood protection could reduce financial vulnerability, however it is unclear if local governments and homeowners will be willing to make those investments before it is too late. In this research we explore this issue by focusing on the case of South Florida, which is one of the most financially vulnerable regions in the world. We report the results of a novel online simulation that accelerates 348...
Topics: Adaptation, Homeowners, Perception, Sea level rise, Simulation, South Florida
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jo Ting Huang-Lachmann; Matthias Hannemann; Edeltraud Guenther
texts

eye 53

favorite 0

comment 0

This paper empirically explores the linkage between the economic opportunities and climate adaptation and other antecedents in cities. Our dependent variable includes the economic opportunities identified by the cities; our independent variables are the adaptation plans, adaptation actions, climate change risks, incentive types, and incentivized stakeholders. To explore the effects of climate change risks, adaptation plans, adaptation actions, incentive types, and incentivized stakeholders, we...
Topics: Adaptation, Cities, Climate change, Factor analysis, Incentives, Logistic regression
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Farhana Ahmed; Eddy Moors; M. Shah Alam Khan; Jeroen Warner; Catharien Terwisscha van Scheltinga
texts

eye 48

favorite 0

comment 0

Envisioning the future city as the outcome of planned development, several master and strategic plans for Dhaka were prepared. However, these plans, do not adequately address the well-known and combined effects of climate change and unplanned urbanization on urban flooding. Additionally, the spatial planning component is missing in adaptation planning, which broadly concentrates on the climate change. Long-term adaptation strategies should consider both the temporal and spatial extent of...
Topics: "Adaptation, Climate change, land use, Flood, Planning, Urban growth"
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by E. Gregory McPherson; Alison M. Berry; Natalie S. van Doorn
texts

eye 48

favorite 0

comment 0

Urban forests produce ecosystem services that can benefit city dwellers, but are especially vulnerable to climate change stressors such as heat, drought, extreme winds and pests. Tree selection is an important decision point for managers wanting to transition to a more stable and resilient urban forest structure. This study describes a five-step process to identify and evaluate the performance of promising but infrequently used tree species. The approach is illustrated for the Central Valley of...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Growth, Resilience, Tree selection, Urban forest
Traditional fishing livelihoods need to adapt to changing fish catch/populations, led by numerous anthropogenic, environmental and climatic stressors. The decision to adapt can be influenced by a variety of socio-economic and perceptual factors. However, adaptation decision-making in fishing communities has rarely been studied. Based on previous literature and focus group discussions with community, this study identifies few prominent adaptation responses in marine fishing and proposes credible...
Topics: Adaptation, Capital, Decision-making, India, Marine fishing, Perception
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Veronica Makuvaro; Sue Walker; Tirivashe Phillip Masere; John Dimes
texts

eye 64

favorite 0

comment 0

The agriculture sector is sensitive to climate change and the capacity of smallholder farmers in developing countries to adapt is limited. Similar to adoption of any development-oriented strategies, perception is pre-requisite to successful adaptation of agricultural strategies against climate change effects. This study was conducted in the semi-arid Lower Gweru Communal area of Central Zimbabwe to sensitize smallholder farmers on climate change and to establish their perceptions of the...
Topics: Adaptation strategies, Future climate, Perceived effects, Smallholder farmer
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mudassar Hussain; Guijian Liu; Balal Yousaf; Rafay Ahmed; Muhammad Ubaid Ali; Habib Ullah; Abdul Rahman Butt
texts

eye 57

favorite 0

comment 0

Climate change has extremely damaged the whole world, particularly South Asian countries because common residents in this region are considered highly vulnerable to climate change impacts whereas their common awareness to adapt and mitigate these impacts is very low. Pakistan is one of the most important South Asian countries and has been affected tremendously through several impacts namely; temperature rise, drought, pest-diseases, health issues, seasonal and lifestyle change and it has the...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Indigenous perceptions, Mitigation, Sectoral assessment
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Solomon Asfaw; Giacomo Pallante; Alessandro Palma
texts

eye 61

favorite 0

comment 0

The paper provides fresh empirical evidence on the adaptation process in Niger rural communities using original longitudinal socio-economic panel data merged with granular geo-referenced climatic information. We identify the main drivers and impacts of crop and labor diversification which constitute two livelihood strategies on moderating the adaptation deficit. In doing so, we account for the interdependence between the two diversification practices and potential reverse causality between...
Topics: Niger, SSA, adaptation, climate change, diversification, livelihood strategy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 48

favorite 0

comment 0

The ability of cold-adapted species to persist in the face of climate change will depend on the capacity of individuals for thermal acclimation, adaptation, and the degree of physiological variation that exists among populations. We tested the acclimation capacity of cardiac HSP70 and HSP90 in four populations of lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush), a cold-adapted salmonid. We acclimated fish to four temperatures (8 °C, 11 °C, 15 °C, and 19 °C) and measured cardiac HSP70 and HSP90 levels by...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Fish, Heat shock protein, Thermal tolerance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Delali Benjamin K. Dovie; Raymond Abudu Kasei
texts

eye 54

favorite 0

comment 0

Debates of the nexus between water-related stresses and water availability for groundwater-dependent irrigation which comprises of non-conventional groundwater abstraction schemes is only recently emerging. The interaction between Seasonal Shallow Wells (SSWs), one of such indigenous abstractions scheme and groundwater recharge remains new to groundwater science and development. The SSWs supplement formal irrigation (e.g. reservoirs) and surface water for dry season agriculture in Ghana's White...
Topics: Adaptation, Evapotranspiration, IWRM, Land degradation, Land use, Water availability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril; Steven Eric Krauss; Samsul Farid Samsuddin
texts

eye 74

favorite 0

comment 0

Climate change in Asia is affecting farmers’ daily routines. Much of the focus surrounding climate change has targeted the economic and environmental repercussions on farming. Few systematic reviews have been carried out on the social impacts of climate change among farmers in Asia. The present article set out to analyse the existing literature on Asian farmers’ adaptation practices towards the impacts of climate change. Guided by the PRISMA Statement (Preferred Reporting Items for...
Topics: Asian farmers, Climate change adaptation, Environment management, Systematic review
The urban heat island (UHI) is a phenomenon whereby temperature levels in urban areas are higher than in surrounding rural settings. Urban heat islands are a matter of increasing concern, since they can affect communities by exacerbating air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions (due to the greater use of air conditioning) and the occurrence of heat-related illness, and may lead to higher levels of mortality. This paper provides a description of the phenomena of (UHI) and an analysis of how...
Topics: Adaptation, Cities, Climate change, Mitigation, Urban heat island, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Erin K. Espeland; Karin M. Kettenring
texts

eye 87

favorite 0

comment 0

Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) uses biodiversity and ecosystem services to reduce climate change impacts to local communities. Because plants can alleviate the abiotic and biotic stresses of climate change, purposeful plant choices could improve adaptation. However, there has been no systematic review of how plants can be applied to alleviate effects of climate change. Here we describe how plants can modify climate change effects by altering biological and physical processes. Plant effects...
Topics: Climate adaptation, Climate change, Facilitation, Plant conservation and restoration
This paper examines the association between slow-onset natural hazards and the temporal aspects of human mobility— that is, short-term and long-term internal migration in the context of north-west Bangladesh. The paper contributes to the current understanding on the multiple stressors influencing individual's decisions to migrate from their rural origin, while examining the interplay between factors such as tipping points of migration (identified as drivers of migration), socio-demographic...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Disaster and microfinance, Tipping points, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jonathon Taylor; Paul Wilkinson; Roberto Picetti; Phil Symonds; Clare Heaviside; Helen L. Macintyre; Michael Davies; Anna Mavrogianni
texts

eye 44

favorite 0

comment 0

There is growing recognition of the need to improve protection against the adverse health effects of hot weather in the context of climate change. We quantify the impact of the Urban Heat Island (UHI) and selected adaptation measures made to dwellings on temperature exposure and mortality in the West Midlands region of the UK. We used 1) building physics models to assess indoor temperatures, initially in the existing housing stock and then following adaptation measures (energy efficiency...
Topics: Adaptation, Dwellings, Heat, Indoor temperature, Mortality, Urban Heat Island
Irrigation of crops is responsible for 40 percent of the world's food supply. A ubiquitous issue in irrigation is the tendency of upstream users to deplete the stream and deprive downstream users of water. Climate change threatens to exacerbate this problem by threatening the water supply to many irrigation systems, especially those that rely on snowmelt. Using a natural experiment in the Rio Grande Basin of Colorado, I examine five hypotheses about how water rights and physical properties of...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Irrigation, Norms, Prior appropriation, Water rights
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Wataru Nozawa; Tetsuya Tamaki; Shunsuke Managi
texts

eye 57

favorite 0

comment 0

Determining the optimal combination of mitigation and adaptation investments is an important topic in policy making to combat climate change. Some analytical results on the relationship between the optimal ratio of adaptation to mitigation and development level have been reported in the literature. In this article, we examine this relationship in greater detail using a simple model with general return functional forms and analytically show that the relationship can take various forms. The...
Topics: Adaptation, Cost-benefit analysis, Development level, Mitigation, Optimal investment
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 104

favorite 0

comment 0

Climate change projections for the Mediterranean region are predicting a significant rainfall decrease and an increase of temperatures. The consequences of these changes on food security and natural resources in this region might be very dramatic. Anticipating climate change impacts by improving agricultural systems efficiency is a critical need. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess the vulnerability of water resources and performance of two major rainfed crops (Winter wheat &...
Topics: Adaptation strategy, Climate change, R'dom watershed, SWAT model, TOPSIS
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Joshua Elliott; Cynthia Rosenzweig; Leonard A. Smith; Ian Foster
texts

eye 53

favorite 0

comment 0

Process-based agricultural models, applied in novel ways, can reproduce historical crop yield anomalies in the US, with median absolute deviation from observations of 6.7% at national-level and 11% at state-level. In seasons for which drought is the overriding factor, performance is further improved. Historical counterfactual scenarios for the 1988 and 2012 droughts show that changes in agricultural technologies and management have reduced system-level drought sensitivity in US maize production...
Topics: Adaptation, Agriculture, Climate extremes, Drought impacts, Seasonal prediction
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Matthew I. England; Lindsay C. Stringer; Andrew J. Dougill; Stavros Afionis
texts

eye 56

favorite 0

comment 0

Promoting inclusive and sustainable economic and social development whilst simultaneously adapting to climate change impacts and mitigating greenhouse gas emissions – Climate Compatible Development (CCD) – requires coherent policy approaches that span multiple sectors. This paper develops and applies a qualitative content analysis to assess national sector policies of ten southern African countries to determine their approaches for water, agriculture, forestry and energy and their...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Document analysis, Mitigation, Sadc, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xinying Zhou; Jilong Yang; Shiqi Wang; Guoqiao Xiao; Keliang Zhao; Yan Zheng; Xiaoqiang Li
texts

eye 56

favorite 0

comment 0

We present new pollen data from a drilling core from the North China Plain which illustrate the nature of vegetation evolution in the temperate zone of Asia during an interval containing the Mid-Pleistocene Transition (MPT), ~1.2–0.7 Ma. Results show that, from 1.7–1.2 Ma, closed needle-leaved and broadleaved mixed forest predominated. The most important vegetation change event occurred at 1.2 Ma when there was a decline in coniferous forest and a significant increase in Artemisia,...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Co- evolution, Ecosystem, Pollen, Quaternary
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 49

favorite 0

comment 0

Social housing sector is very important in Brazil, due to the necessity of expansion and investments being placed through a substantial government program. Residential buildings are expected to last at least 50 years according to Brazilian standards. Many residential projects in the sector already perform medium or poorly in terms of energy efficiency and thermal comfort today, and their designs are not analysed considering climate change. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to investigate the...
Topics: Adaptation measures, Climate change, Energy efficiency, Thermal performance
Replacing dark conventional roofs with more reflective “cool” roofs has been proposed as a method to lower urban air temperatures. Many meteorological studies have simulated potential cool roof air temperature reductions. However, economic and logistical challenges make it difficult to perform the large-scale demonstrations needed to verify these model results. This work assesses whether a neighborhood-scale cool roof demonstration could yield an observable air temperature change. We use...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Cool roofs, Urban heat island, Urban meteorology
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 95

favorite 0

comment 0

Smallholder farmers often employ inputs and practices they are traditionally well acquainted with to adapt to climate change. These types of adjustments, henceforth referred to as non-technological, are not only more feasible in the resource-constrained situation of smallholder farmers but also have a potential to significantly reduce the negative impact of climate change. However, a systematic study of these types of adaptations isolating them from technological ones is still lacking. While...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Determinant, Farm-level, Multivariate-probit, Non-technological
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Matthew B. Charlton; Michael J. Bowes; Michael G. Hutchins; Harriet G. Orr; Rob Soley; Paul Davison
texts

eye 46

favorite 0

comment 0

Climate change is expected to increase eutrophication risk in rivers yet few studies identify the timescale or spatial extent of such impacts. Phosphorus concentration, considered the primary driver of eutrophication risk in English rivers, may increase through reduced dilution particularly if river flows are lower in summer. Detailed models can indicate change in catchment phosphorus concentrations but targeted support for mitigation measures requires a national scale evaluation of risk. In...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Future-river flows, Orthophosphate, Water Framework Directive
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shaochun Huang; Michel Wortmann; Doris Duethmann; Christoph Menz; Fengzhi Shi; Buda Su; Valentina Krysanova
texts

eye 60

favorite 0

comment 0

The Upper Tarim River basin, contributing about 85% of the total inflow to the mainstream Tarim River, is heavily influenced by climate change and human interferences. This study is the first integrated assessment of agriculture and water management under climate change scenarios for this arid river basin in Central Asia. It aims to analyze changes in river discharge of the Upper Tarim under 28 climate projections for 3 representative concentration pathways (RCP) and the A1B scenario and 30...
Topics: Adaptation, Agricultural water saving measures, Climate change, SWIM, Tarim, WASA
Integration of relatively new policy tasks like climate adaptation into established higher-level policy fields is insufficiently understood in the academic literature. This paper proposes a framework to evaluate the integration of climate adaptation into the sectoral policy-making of the European Commission, particularly following the publication of the EU Adaptation Strategy (in 2013). The paper uses a framework of micro, meso and macro-level institutional behaviour drawing strongly on new...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, EU climate policy, EU marine, Policy integration
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 63

favorite 0

comment 0

Land leasing is a possible climate adaptation where risk is shared. We investigate how climate affects dryland wheat farmland rental patterns in the U.S. Pacific Northwest. Using farm-level agricultural census data, we study the relationships between climate and leasing arrangements. We find that increases in precipitation reduce leased land and increase the use of cash-rent leases, while increases in precipitation variability reduce the prevalence of cash-rent leases. Using medium and high...
Topics: Adaptation, Agriculture, Climate change, Land leasing, Rental contract, Wheat
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Cleo Varianou Mikellidou; Louisa Marie Shakou; Georgios Boustras; Christos Dimopoulos
texts

eye 73

favorite 0

comment 0

Critical Infrastructure Protection is a relatively new scientific domain stemming from an American Presidential directive PDD-63 of May 1998. Critical Infrastructure (CI) performance and protection are national priorities for all European Union (EU) countries following the introduction of the EU Directive 2008/114/EC, which takes an all hazards approach. This paper has an international focus. At the global and European level, the interest in identifying the impacts of climate change on CIs and...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change impacts, Energy critical infrastructure, Interdependencies, Resilience
Recent climate projections predict an amplification of global warming and more frequent extreme events such as heat waves. Therefore, the adaptation of cities to counterbalance these adverse changes is urgent. Among available adaptation strategies, urban greening is a measure that is frequently encouraged to improve thermal comfort or energy demand, but whose impacts are not well known at the scale of cities. In this study we evaluate the effects of various urban greening scenarios based on...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Energy consumption, Thermal comfort, Water resources
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Paul Kirshen; Neil Fennessey; Renee Bourdeau; Lorilee Mather
texts

eye 54

favorite 0

comment 0

Integrated Urban Water Management (IUWM) is the holistic management of urban water supply, sanitation, stormwater, and wastewater to achieve sustainable economic, social and environmental objectives. All parts of the urban water cycle are managed together instead of separately. IUWM can be part of the solution for cities facing singular or multiple water management stresses under present and future climates. It has particular advantages for adaptation because it can be implemented over time and...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Integrated management, New Hampshire, Urban, Water
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 38

favorite 0

comment 0

Academics and champions seeking to guide and implement proactive climate change adaptation must be aware of how local political factors can be a barrier or a benefit to action. With a wave of support, the City of Prince George, Canada, pursued adaptation initiatives for six years; however, part way through the project, political changes resulted in a local governmental shift in focus. Semi-structured interviews with local experts reflect on how political changes affected the nature and legacy...
Topics: Adaptation, British Columbia, Climate change, Local government, Policy, Politics
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 59

favorite 0

comment 0

Climate change is expected to have severe negative impacts on the livelihoods of smallholder farmers in developing countries. However, smallholder farmers and governments in these regions tend to be ill-prepared for the impacts of climate change. We present the results of a stakeholder-based multi-criteria analysis of climate change adaptation options for agriculture, natural resource management and water management in the upper Blue-Nile basin in Ethiopia. We use the PROMETHEE II outranking...
Topics: Adaptation, Agriculture, Climate change, Ethiopia, Multi-criteria analysis, Stakeholders
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Fahim Nawroz Tonmoy; David Wainwright; Danielle C. Verdon-Kidd
texts

eye 48

favorite 0

comment 0

Local government organisations in coastal Australia have historically commissioned studies aimed at understanding risks in their locality to future sea level rise as a starting point for developing adaptation strategies to climate change. Therefore, the success of the overall adaptation activities of local government are strongly influenced by the way those initial risk studies are scoped and conducted, and how the outputs of those studies underpin subsequent adaptation planning activities...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Coastal hazard, Coastal management, Risk assessment
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Melanie Flynn; James D. Ford; Tristan Pearce; Sherilee L. Harper
texts

eye 47

favorite 0

comment 0

Participatory scenario planning (PSP) approaches are increasingly being used in research on climate change impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability (IAV). We identify and evaluate how PSP has been used in IAV studies in the Arctic, reviewing work published in the peer-reviewed and grey literature (n = 43). Studies utilizing PSP commonly follow the stages recognized as ‘best practice’ in the general literature in scenario planning, engaging with multiple ways of knowing including western...
Topics: Adaptation, Arctic, Climate change, Impacts, Participatory scenario planning, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ibrahim Yurtseven; Yusuf Serengil; Ferhat Gökbulak; Kamil Şengönül; Süleyman Ozhan; Umit Kılıç; Betül Uygur; Mehmet Said Ozçelik
texts

eye 51

favorite 0

comment 0

Adaptation to climate change has become a more serious concern as IPCC assessment reports estimate a rise of up to 2 °C in average global temperatures by the end of the century. Several recently published studies have underlined the importance of forest management in mitigating the impacts of climate change and in supporting the adaptation capacity of the ecosystem. This study focuses on the role of water-related forest services in this adaptation process. The effects of forestry practices on...
Topics: Deciduous forest ecosystem, Forest adaptation, Forest management strategy, Thinning
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kai Cui; Wujiao Li; Jake George James; Changjun Peng; Jiazheng Jin; Chaochao Yan; Zhenxin Fan; Lianming Du; Megan Price; Yongjie Wu; Bisong Yue
texts

eye 45

favorite 0

comment 0

The monal genus (Lophophorus) is a branch of Phasianidae and its species inhabit the high-altitude mountains of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The Chinese monal, L. lhuysii, is a threatened endemic bird of China that possesses high-altitude adaptability, diversity of plumage color and potentially low reproductive life history. This is the first study to describe the monal genome using next generation sequencing technology. The Chinese monal genome size is 1.01 Gb, with 16,940 protein-coding genes....
Topics: Adaptation, Chinese monal, De novo assembly, Genome, Lophophorus lhuysii
This article is a collation and synthesis of the literature review with the focus on the vulnerability of rural women in developing countries to climate change on the one hand and being pro-active in adapting to climate change on the other. The geographic coverage of the literature is global but with specific examples from India. The information presented in this paper is derived from diverse sources including journal articles and thematic books, and indicates severe adverse impacts not only on...
Topics: Adaptation and mitigation, Arid environment, Climate change, Vulnerability, Women
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 61

favorite 0

comment 0

The agricultural sector in Nigeria provides a socio-economic resource base for exiting pervasive poverty, and transforming the economy. However, with the challenges posed by climate change through variability in rainfall, the agricultural livelihoods and poverty status of the population could be threatened due to the vulnerability context of the country. This paper explores the relationship between rainfall and food poverty through the assessment of vulnerability to climate change in an...
Topics: Adaptation policy, Food poverty, Geographical information systems, Rainfall variability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Julian David Hunt.; Daniel Stilpen; Marcos Aurélio Vasconcelos de Freitas
texts

eye 67

favorite 0

comment 0

From the end of 2013 to the end of 2015, Brazil faced serious challenges to supply its demand for electricity due to a prolonged drought in the Southeast and Northeast regions with the consequent loss of hydroelectric generation. This paper presents an historical analysis of major world energy crises from 1988 to 2015 and in Brazil from 1924 to 2015. Analysing the natural river flow of key Brazilian dams from 1931 until 2017, this paper suggests that hydropower generation in Brazil has a...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Electricity crisis, Energy security, Water crisis
UFO Newsletters from the Archives For the Unexplained
texts

eye 94

favorite 0

comment 0

Amskaya No 116 2018 07
Topics: ufo, object, sighting, radiation, phobos, extraterrestrial, microwave, ufos, electromagnetic,...
The coast is a highly populated environment that is under increasing risk because of sea level rise (SLR) and climate change. Social science predicts that social and political systems will habitually privilege certain communities and disadvantage others under conditions of risk and disaster. This paper tests that supposition on a particular disaster policy in the United States. Voluntary buyouts are a policy tool in the US that has the potential to help communities adapt to SLR. While buyouts...
Topics: Adaptation, Indigenous communities, Sea level rise, Voluntary buyouts, White privilege
Adaptation to climate change is one of the greatest challenges facing coastal communities today. Coastal communities are subject to a wide range of stressors related to climate change, including biological resource decline and natural hazards. Small historically natural-resource-dependent communities are particularly vulnerable because of their close reliance on ecosystem goods and services that are likely to be affected by climate change (e.g., fisheries, forests) and their limited access to...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Coastal Oregon, Path dependency, Rural communities, USA
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Stephanie E. Austin; James D. Ford; Lea Berrang-Ford; Robbert Biesbroek; Jale Tosun; Nancy A. Ross
texts

eye 51

favorite 0

comment 0

Climate change is a significant threat to public health, and governments at all scales will need to adapt to protect the health of their populations. The impacts of climate change are highly localized and thus federal systems theoretically have the inherent advantage of allowing for regional diversity and policy experimentation in adaptation. However, there are also higher levels of conflict and stalemates in federal systems than in unitary systems, complicating intergovernmental relations and...
Topics: Canada, Climate change adaptation, Federalism, Germany, Intergovernmental relations, Public health
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tesfaye Shiferaw Sida; Frédéric Baudron; Haekoo Kim; Ken E. Giller
texts

eye 101

favorite 0

comment 0

Faidherbia albida parklands cover a large area of the Sudano-Sahelian zone of Africa, a region that suffers from soil fertility decline, food insecurity and climate change. The parklands deliver multiple benefits, including fuelwood, soil nutrient replenishment, moisture conservation, and improved crop yield underneath the canopy. Its microclimate modification may provide an affordable climate adaptation strategy which needs to be explored. We carried out an on-farm experiment for three...
Topics: Climate change, Competition, Crop physiology, Facilitation, Heat stress, Local adaptation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anna C. Hurlimann; Geoffrey R. Browne; Georgia Warren-Myers; Valerie Francis
texts

eye 59

favorite 0

comment 0

It is increasingly recognised that the risks associated with climate change must be addressed through both mitigation and adaptation. Buildings are vulnerable to climate change risk and are also the source of a significant proportion of greenhouse gas emissions which contribute to climate change. The construction industry has significant potential to facilitate adaptation through actions that both reduce its contribution to greenhouse gas emissions across the construction and building...
Topics: Adaptation barriers, Built environment, Climate change, Construction industry, Construction...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Isaac Apuri; Kenneth Peprah; Godwin Thomas Wedam Achana
texts

eye 185

favorite 0

comment 0

The paper aims at assessing agroforestry as an adaptation strategy to a changing local climate. Agroforestry is necessitated by the need to improve tree population along the Sisili River and other areas in the Kassena Nankana West District. Primary data were generated through survey methods in which questionnaires were administered to 75 agroforestry farmers. It was triangulated with eight focus group discussions and five key informant interviews. Additionally, secondary data on rainfall and...
Topics: Adaptation, Agroforestry, Climate change, Farmer, Kassena Nankana West, Local climate